Office of Water

                                                             (WH-551)
EPA 820-B-92-001

       August 1992
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                                                                                             ^^> Printed on Recycled Paper

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                       Office of Water
            Office of Science and Technology

                          Primer
                           Purpose
The OST Primer is to inform new OST employees, other EPA offices, and outside
agencies of the mission of our program as well as the functions of the OST divisions.
It also provides information to OST employees on office policy and procedures.

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    Office of Water
Office of Water Organization Charts

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            Office of Water Organization  Chart
    Policy and
    Resources
   Management
      Office
 ia^it^PPWfi'^^^Ji^ffj^P^^J^™

 I Policy Staff
 I Communications Staff
 I Budget and Administrative
  Management Staff
 I Human Resources Staff
Assistant Administrator
          for Water
c
               I
 Deputy Assistant Administrator

Associate Assistant Administrator



Office of
Ground Water
and Drinking
Water
?
%
I
«
— Ground Water
Protection Division
— Enforcement and Program
Implementation Division
— Drinking Water
Standards Division
_ Technical Support
Division (Cincinnati)


Office of
Science and
Technology
\
"f&^Ml&'v ••I'JXi^MmifiSSSi^fSfiV^ifiS^^gSS^^^^^gi'if.i^
—Engineering and
Analysis Division
	 Health and Ecological
Criteria Division
_ Standards and Applied
Science Division


Office of |
Wastewater |
Enforcement and I
Compliance |
Municipal Support Division
' — Enforcement Division
— Permits Division

Office of
Wetlands,
Oceans and
Watersheds
— Oceans and Coastal
Protection Division
— Wetlands Division
	 Assessment and
Watershed Division
Page 1-2
           OST Primer
                                 Office of Water Overview

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                            Office Of Water
                                Overview

The Office of the Assistant Administrator for Water serves as principal advisor to
the Administrator and provides Agency-wide policy, guidance and direction for
the Agency's water quality, drinking water, ground-water, wetlands protection,
marine and estuarine protection, and other water related programs. The
Assistant Administrator's responsibilities include:
                     program policy development and evaluation;

                     environmental and pollution source standards development;

                     program policy guidance and overview, technical support, and
                     evaluation of  Regional activities;

                     the conduct of enforcement, compliance and permitting activities
                     as they relate to drinking water and water programs;

                     development and implementation of programs for education,
                     technical assistance and technology transfer;

                     long-term strategic planning and special studies;

                     economic and long-term environmental analysis; and

                     development and implementation of pollution prevention
                     strategies.
 The Office of the Assistant Administrator for Water consists of the following
 offices:

                   • Office of Wastewater Enforcement and Compliance

                   • Office of Science and Technology

                   • Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds

                   • Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water
Office of Water Overview                   OST Primer                               Page 1-3

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         Office of Wastewater Enforcement and
              Compliance Organization  Chart
    Resources
 Management and
  Evaluation Staff
     Municipal
  Support Division
      State Revolving
       Fund Branch
       Construction
      Grants Branch
        Program
      Management
        Branch
        Municipal
     Assistance Branch
        Municipal
       Technology
         Branch
Office of Wastewater
   Enforcement and
      Compliance
        Enforcement
           Division
            Compliance
           Information and
          Evaluation Branch
            Enforcement
           Support Branch
             Policy
           Development
             Branch
    Permits
    Division
   Pretreatment and
     Multi-Media
      Branch
   NPDES Program
      Branch
    Water Quality
    and Industrial
    Permits Branch  I
Page 1-4
         OST Primer
Office of Water Overview

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         Office Of Wastewater Enforcement And

                               Compliance

 The Office of Wastewater Enforcement and Compliance (OWEC), under the supervision of the
 Office Director, is responsible to the Assistant Administrator for Water for directing the
 National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit, pretreatment, sewage
 sludge management, compliance and administrative enforcement programs under the Clean
 Water Act (CWA) and the enforcement responsibilities under section 311 of the CWA and
 Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA).
 The Office of Wastewater Enforcement and Compliance consists of the following offices:

                  • Resources Management and Evaluation Staff

                  • Municipal Support Division

                  • Permits Division

                  • Enforcement Division
Office of Water Overview                   OST Primer                              Page 1-5

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     Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds
                      Organization Chart
    Policy and
  Communications
      Staff
Office of Wetlands,
    Oceans and
    Watersheds
 Budget and
 Program
Management
   Staff
   Assessment
  and Watershed
     Division
         Oceans and
           Coastal
         Protection
           Division
     Nonpoint Source
     Control Branch
  Wetlands
   Division
                                  Coastal
                                 Technology
                                  Branch
                                Marine Pollution
                                Control Branch
                                      Wetlands
                                     Strategies and
                                     State Programs
                                       Branch
                                     Wetlands and
                                   Aquatic Resources I
                                   Regulatory Branch
             Coastal
            Management
             Branch
Page 1-6
                               OST Primer
                                 Office of Water Overview

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      Office Of Wetlands, Oceans  And Watersheds

 The Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds (OWOW), under the supervision of the Gi//«je
 Director, is responsible to the Assistant Administrator for Water for the protection of the
 environment which uses a variety of relevant authorities contained in the Clean Water Act
 (CWA); Marine Protection Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA); Ocean Dumping Ban Act
 (ODBA); Shore Protection Act (SPA); Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act
 (MPPRCA); Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA); and the Coastal Wetlands Planning,
 Protection,  and Restoration Act (CWPPRA).
 The Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds consists of the following offices:

                   •  Budget and Program Management Staff

                   •  Policy and Communications Staff

                   •  Oceans and Coastal Protection Division

                   •  Wetlands  Division

                   •  Assessment and Watershed Division
Office of Water Overview                   OST Primer                               Page 1-7

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      Office of  Ground Water  and  Drinking Water
                          Organization Chart
           Resources
         Management and
          Evaluation Staff
     Office of Ground
   Water and Drinking
            Water
    Ground-Water
     Protection
      Division
       Technical and
        Regulatory
      Analysis Branch
Drinking Water
  Standards
   Division
       State Programs
        and Policy
      Integration Branch
Enforcement and
   Program
 Implementation
   Division
     Regulation
    Management
      Branch
    Drinking Water
  Technology Branch
Technical Support
    Division
(Cincinnati, Ohio)
   Drinking Water
      Branch
    Enforcement
      Branch
      Water Supply
    Technology Branch
      Drinking Water
    Quality Assessment
        Branch
     Source Assessment
      and Information
     Management Branch
       Underground
      Injection Control
         Branch
Page 1-8
           OST Primer
                   Office of Water Overview

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      Office  Of Ground  Water And  Drinking  Water
 The Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (OGWDW),  under the supervision of the 0;\
 Director, has national program management responsibility for the 1986 Amendments to the
 Safe Drinking Water Act (SOWA), Including the Ground-Water Protection, Public Water Supply
 Supervision (PWSS), and the Underground Injection Control (UIC) programs.
 The Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water consists of the following offices:
                   •  Resources Management and Evaluation Staff
                   •  Ground-Water Protection Division
                   •  Enforcement and Program Implementation Division
                   •  Drinking Water Standards Division
                   •  Technical Support Division  - Cincinnati
Office of Water Overview                   OST Primer                               Page 1-9

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              Office of Science and Technology
                        Organization  Chart
    Policy and
  Communications
       Staff
Office of Science
 and Technology
 Budget and
  Program
 Management
    Staff
    Engineering
   and Analysis
      Division
      Commodities
        Branch
     Chemicals Branch
      Energy Branch
       Metals Branch
      Economic and
     Statistical Analysis
        Branch
        Health and
         Ecological
      Criteria Division
           Human Risk
           Assessment
             Branch
           Sludge Risk
           Assessment
             Branch
          Ecological Risk
           Assessment
             Branch
 Standards and
Applied Science
    Division
    Water Quality
   Standards Branch
    Risk Assessment
    and Management
      Branch
                                                                          Ll.,
      Exposure
     Assessment
      Branch
Page 1-10
         OST Primer
 Office of Water Overview

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               Office Of Science  And Technology
 The Office of Science and Technology (OST) is responsible for developing sound,
 scientifically defensible standards, criteria, advisories, and effluent guidelines, effluent
 limitation and standards guidelines under the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water
 Act. OST is also responsible for developing risk assessment methodologies and for providing
 risk assessment support for the Office of Water. These products articulate the goals and
 provides the regulatory framework for restoring and maintaining the biological, chemical and
 physical integrity of the nation's water resources; for protecting the nation's public water
 supplies; and for achieving technology-based pollution control requirements in support of:
                    •  point source (end of pipe) discharge programs
                    •  nonpoint source programs
                    •  wetlands programs
                    •  drinking water programs
                    •  dredge material management programs
                    •  geographic-specific programs (e.g., Great Lakes, coastal,
                       estuaries)

 The Office of Science and Technology consists of the following offices:
                    •  Engineering and Analysis Division
                    •  Health and Ecological  Criteria Division
                    •  Standards and Applied Science Division
                    •  Policy and Communications Staff
                    •  Budget and Program Management Staff
Office of Water Overview                    OST Primer                               Page 1-11

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         Budget and Program Management Staff
The Budget and Program Management Staff (BPMS) is responsible tor coordinating all issues
relating to:
                    Strategic Planning
                    Compliance with the Federal Managers' Financial Integrity Act
                    (FMFIA)
                    Budget Formulation
                    Budget Execution
                    Human Resources Management
                    Strategic Targeted Activities for Results System (STARS)
                    Annual Operating Guidance
                    Quarterly Management Reviews
Budget and Program Management Staff          OST Primer                             Page 2-1

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             Policy and Communications  Staff
The Policy and Communications Staff (PCS) is responsible for OST-wide program
administration in the following areas:
                     Coordination of information management activities
                     Planning
                     System Development
                     Policy, guidance, development, and expert assistance
                     Data  Management Policy
                     Hardware/Software
                     Training
Policy and Communications Staff              OST Primer                             Page 3-1

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           Engineering and Analysis  Division
               Thomas O'Farrell, Director 260-7120
                Barbara Elkus, Deputy Director 260-7120
                             Mission
To develop sound, legally defensible effluent guidelines, limitations and
standards for industries discharging  wastewater directly to surface water or
indirectly to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs); to provide economic,
statistical and wastewater sampling and analysis; and to provide engineering,
technology and water analytical methods information to support Agency
programs, the public and foreign governments under bilateral agreements.

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                Engineering
 Jentifies appropriate wastewater treatment technology, and publishes industrial effluent
guidelines, Conducts economic and statistical studies and analysis. Performs wastewater
pollutant identification analyses.
Analytical
Methods Staff
Consumer
Commodities
Branch
Energy Branch
Chemical
Industry Branch
 Economic and
 Statistical
 Analysis Branch
Engineering and
Analysis
Division
Provides analytical services support

Develops analytical methods for detection of pollutants in wastewaters

Provides effluent guidelines for pulp and paper, leather, foundries,
textiles, timber, painting, hazardous waste treaters, laundries, hospitals

Provides technical assistance to permitting authorities

Provides effluent  guidelines for mining; metals manufacturing; metals
finishing; plating and painting; manufacture of specialty products, such
as battery manufacturing and photographies

Provides technical assistance to permitting authorities

Provides effluent  guidelines for organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals,
oil and gas, soaps and adhesives, pesticides manufacturing

Provides technical assistance to permitting authorities

Conducts economic and statistical analyses and studies

Prepare economic impact and regulatory analyses to identify national,
regional, and international impacts and benefits of regulations developed
by Office of Water.

Develops statistical sampling and survey schemes.

The Engineering and Analysis  Division's goal is to provide national
technology-based  effluent limitations for industrial facilities discharging
directly into the Nation's waters and pretreatment standards for
industries discharging into municipal treatment facilities.

Consumer Commodities, Energy  Industry, Chemicals Industry, Economic
and Statistical Analysis and the Analytical Methods branches comprise
the Division. The Consumer Commodities Branch develops effluent
limitations and  standards for pulp and paper, leather, textiles, timber, and
similar types of industries. The Chemicals Branch develops effluent
guidelines for organic chemicals manufacturing, plastics, waste
treatment, and  all industrial categories involving metals, including
battery manufacturing and photographies. The Energy Branch develops
effluent guidelines for inorganic chemicals, oil and gas, and pesticides
manufacturing.  The Economic and Statistical  Analysis Branch conducts
economic studies and analyses  and prepares economic impact and
regulatory analyses to identify  national, regional and international affects
and benefits of regulations developed by the Office of Water. Effluent
Page 4-2
                                          OST Primer
                                          Engineering and Analysis Division

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Effluent
Guidelines
Development
Guidelines
Revisions
Schedule
guidelines provide a means of regulating pollution, through discharge
permits, that is founded on technology to treat wastewaters. The
Analytical Methods Staff conducts wastewater sampling analysis, init
development of analytical methods for detection of pollutants in
wastewater, sludge sediment, and other media, revising existing methods
and developing wastewater treatment regulations.

The Division responds to statutory mandates and judicial orders to
establish national technology-based limitations and standards to control
or eliminate the discharge of toxic pollutants from industrial sources into
waterways and publicly owned treatment works. The highest level of
technology economically achievable and technically feasible, in an
industrial category, is the basis  of effluent guideline. An industrial
category includes all applicable subcategories, e.g., Iron and Steel
Manufacturing Point Source Category with the subcategories of
ironmaking and steelmaking. Effluent guidelines are easily adapted to
permits to regulate a point source pollutant discharge.

Effluent guidelines involve engineering and  economic studies,
wastewater characteristics, treatment  options, and economic effects of
potential regulations upon the affected parties. This process includes
examining industrial processes,  products, raw materials, byproducts,
affects on other media, age of equipment, size of industry, performance,
costs, and economic and environmental effects.

Proposed regulations, published for public comment, include the
selection of viable treatment options. Often there is litigation following
the promulgation of final guidelines.  The Division provides technical
information for the development of litigation responses and legal briefs,
maintains administrative and Court records, and prepares affidavits. The
Division provides technical assistance to permitting authorities for the
implementation of the guidelines in the form of technical workshops
and specific consultation. It is a center of excellence for information on
particular pollutants.

Amendments to the Clean Water Act in 1987  required EPA to publish its
plans to review and revise existing effluent guidelines and promulgate
new guidelines for dischargers  of toxic and non- conventional pollutants.
In addition, the Act required EPA to identify categories of industrial
sources discharging toxic or nonconventional pollutants for which
guidelines have not been published previously and establish a schedule
for their issuance. Treatment technologies have advanced since some
guidelines initially were published and these need to be brought up to
date. The Agency has entered into a Consent Decree that addresses the
following industries: Petroleum Refining; Metal Finishing;  Iron and
Steel Manufacturing; Inorganic  Chemicals; Leather Tanning; Coal
Mining; Onshore/Stripper Oil and Gas Extraction, and Textile Mills
(three additional categories to be determined).
Engineering and Analysis Division
                OST Primer
Page 4-3

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Analytical
"«jpport
Water Quality
Act Challenges
                        An essential element in the effluent guidelines program is the ability to
                        analyze for hundreds of toxic and non- conventional pollutants in a wide
                        variety of complex waste streams. This analysis is necessary to provide
                        regulators  and control authorities with reliable and accessible data. To
                        accomplish this task, the Division operates a sample control center that
                        provides essential functions for a data base, including quality assurance
                        and quality control for thousands of samples analyzed annually. It
                        compiles and updates a compendium of all Agency methods for over
                        1700 compounds, which is called the Environmental Monitoring
                        Methods Index. This compendium of substances of environmental
                        concern provides identifying features and appropriate analytical methods
                        for each listed chemical. An annual symposium on analysis of pollutants
                        in the environment is sponsored by the Division for regulators where
                        the most current analytical methods developed through EPA research are
                        discussed by experts. The Division publishes five or six user oriented
                        analytical methods documents for distribution in Agency-sponsored
                        work- shops and in widely attended environmental conferences, such as
                        the national Water Pollution Control Federation conference and exhibit.

                        Promulgate effluent guidelines  for sources discharging toxic or non-
                        conventional pollutants when guidelines previously have not been
                        published.

                        Review and revise existing effluent guidelines on a continuing basis.

                        •   Organics, Chemicals, Plastics and Synthetic Fibers

                        •   Pesticides Manufacturers, Packagers, and Pesticide Formulators
                            Guidelines

                        •   Offshore and Coastal Oil and Gas Extraction Guidelines

                        •   Machinery Manufacturing  and Rebuilding

                        •   Hazardous Waste Treatment

                        •   Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Manufacturing Guidelines

                        •   Pharmaceuticals

                        •   Litigation support

                        •   Revision of existing guidelines

Effluent guidelines for 58 industrial categories have been promulgated including 30 for Best
Practicable Treatment and 28 for Best Available Treatment
  urrent
  ctivities*
Page 4-4
                                       OST Primer
Engineering and Analysis Division

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                                                Director 260-7120
                                                  Director 260-7120
  Analytical Methods Staff
     William Telliard, Director
              & Statistical