\
 S WATER POLLUTION CONTROL RESEARCH SERIES 18050HLA 09/73
 WATER QUALITY CRITERIA DATA BOOK
              VOLUME 5
EFFECTS OF CHEMICALS ON AQUATIC LIFE
    U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY


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        WATER QUALITY CRITERIA DATA BOOK - VOL. 5
            EFFECTS OF CHEMICALS ON AQUATIC LIFE
    (Compilation From the Literature Dated 1968-1972)
                     Homer T. Kemp
                    Robert L. Little
                    Verna L. Holoman
                          and
                     Ralph L. Darby
                 Grant Number R-8009^2
                Project Number 18050 HLA
                     Project Officer

                      Robert Andrew
           U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency
             National Water Quality Laboratory
                Duluth, Minnesota  5580U
                        for the

           OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
         U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency
                Washington, D.C.  20U60
                    September 1973
For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402

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                       EPA REVIEW NOTICE
This report has been reviewed by the Office of Research and
Development, EPA, and approved for publication.  Approval does
not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and
policies of the Environmental Protection Agency, nor does
mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.
                              ii

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                             ABSTRACT
This report is an extensive compilation of data on the effects of
chemicals on aquatic life which were extracted from literature published
during the period 1968-1972.  It is an update of an earlier report
entitled "Water Quality Criteria Data Book, Volume III,  Effects of
Chemicals on Aquatic Life" (Kemp, et al., 1971).  The data are arranged
alphabetically "by chemical and are concisely presented in a columnar
format which includes organism names, type of study,  chemical effect,
controlled parameters, significant comments on the test, and source of
the data.  The data were compiled using a program prepared as part of
the work.
                                 iii

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                             CONTENTS


Section                                                       Page

   I    Recommendations                                          1

  II    Introduction                                             3

 III    Procedure                                                5

  IV    Acknowledgements                                          9

   V    References
                                                               11

  VI    Appendices

          A.   Chemical Names                                   A-l
          B.   Species  Index                                    B-l
          C.   Chemical Index                                   C-l
                                iv

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                            SECTION I


                          RECOMMENDATIONS
In a prior report (Water Quality Criteria Data Book,  Volume III.
Effects of Chemicals on Aquatic Life,  Kemp,  H.  T.,  Abrams,  J.  P.,
Overbeck, R. C., EPA Contract No. 68-01-000?,  Project No. 18050 GWV,
1971* 528 pp), several recommendations were  presented.   These  are
restated as follows with any appropriate comments.

(l)  Establishment of a Chemical Pollution Effect Information  Analysis
     Center.The Analytical Methodology Information  Center (AMIC)
     sponsored by EPA at Battelle's Columbus Laboratories fills this
     need.

(2)  Preparation of Listings of Chemical Constituents in Effluents by
     Cooperative Input From Industry.To the authors' knowledge this
     has not been done nor is there a  current attempt to do so.

(3)  Development of a Standard Pattern of Laboratory  Evaluations for
     Estimating More Accurately the Effect of Chemicals  on  Aquatic
     Life.To the authors'  knowledge  no standard pattern of laboratory
     evaluations is widely accepted.  Considerable  progress has been
     made recently, however, in particular at the National  Water Quality
     Laboratory (Duluth, Minnesota) and Virginia  Polytechnic Institute.
     Significant efforts to compile bioassay information are in
     progress by Drs. Seba,  Stephans,  Tarzwell, and Weber,  respectively,
     located at EPA establishments at  Denver (Colo.), Duluth (Minn.),
     West Kingston (R.I.), and Cincinnati (Ohio).   The classic report
     by McKee and Wolf (1963) is reportedly  now being updated.

(U)  Development of In Situ Field Bioassay Procedures for More Realistic
     Results Than Those Obtained in Laboratory Bioassays.   Although
     increased publication of these types of data are apparent, there
     appears to be no large-scale trend in the published literature
     toward this approach.

(5)  Improved Reporting Would Greatly  Enhance the Utility of Chemical
     Effects Data and Allow More Precise Development  of  Multivariate
     Analysis and Mathematical Modeling.   There is  a  large  volume of
     literature on mathematical modeling,  a  significant  amount of which
     is concerned with environmental pollution problems.  For  the most
     part, these models are not refined enough for  practical utility in
     water pollution problems.   Improved,  more detailed  data would assist
     greatly in verifying these models and enhancing  their  practical
     utility.  The next few years will be crucial in  this development.

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                            SECTION II


                           INTRODUCTION
This report was prepared to update the document, "Water Quality Criteria
Book, Volume 3", published in May, 1971 (Kemp, et al.,  1971).   This
updated version primarily contains extracted information from original
published data, but does not critically review bioassay procedures,
factors affecting chemical toxicity, and other subject areas important
in the study of water pollution by chemicals.

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                           SECTION III
                            PROCEDURE
The literature search technique primarily involved acquisition of docu-
ments cited in selected sections of annual reviews published in the
Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, for the years 1968-1972.
These listings were quite comprehensive, but were supplemented by addi-
tional documents identified in routine screening activities of the
Analytical Methodology Information Center (AMIC), Battelle's Columbus
Laboratories.

The data were prepared on punched paper tape so that the compilation
could be prepared by computer.  In addition, the format of the data is
such that they can be loaded in the Analytical Methodology Information
Center data base.  Since index terms were added to each line of data,
they can be remotely searched on an on-line real-time computer system
located at Battelle's Columbus Laboratories.  Persons interested in
having access to this system should contact the AMIC Project Officer:

                  Mr. Luther E. Garrett
                  Data & Information Research Division
                  Office of Research & Development
                  Environmental Protection Agency
                  kok M Street, S.W.
                  Washington, D.C.  2002U

As in the earlier document, extracted data are alphabetically arranged
by chemical name (Appendix A).  In all cases, chemical names and names
(common or scientific) of organisms designated by the authors were used
in this report.  Nomenclature was not changed or corrected in any
manner, that is, when the common name of a fish or a chemical was cited
by an author, this and this alone was used.  Therefore, in using these
data compilations, care should be exercised by the reader to search
chemical and biological synonomy.  For example, in Appendix B,  Species
Index, data searches on bluegills (Page B-2) should include the scienti-
fic name, Lepomis macrochirus (page B-6) for completeness.   Likewise
trade names such as Sevin and Carbaryl should be searched for all data
on this insecticide.

In the authors' Judgment, the most significant toxicity levels in the
aquatic studies are those for fish specifically designated 96-hr TLm.
These were usually selected but other values were included when these
were not available.  96-hr TLm is designated as Tk to abbreviate this
notation.  T2 was used for U8-hr TLm, and so on.  When EC^o, LC5Q, and
LD5o were Judged to be essentially equivalent to TLm °r TL^o, then the
designation T was used to improve the consistency of data presentation.
The authors acknowledge that this is not standard practice and that
there may be important differences in these designations.

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Experimental conditions noted by authors in column six are denoted in
lower case letters (see page A-l) with asterisks to indicate when condi-
tions were controlled.  In some cases, authors briefly referred to previ-
ous publications as a. simple means of describing experimental conditions.
No asterisks were included in these instances although some conditions
were probably controlled.  The letters in footnote k were augmented so
that additional conditions could be indicated.  These were light (qj
(r) and (s).

Comments in general are brief, and it is recommended that interested
readers consult the original document for more complete information.

The chemical nature of most industrial effluents is very complex and
difficult to characterize.  Although increased numbers of publications
on this type of pollution problem are being published, there is no
highly satisfactory technique to include these data in the tabular format
used here.  For these reasons, this document must be described as
primarily containing data on the effect of single chemicals or simple
mixtures of chemicals on aquatic life.

There was no attempt to extract data from the various reviews available
since these rarely contained descriptive information concerning experi-
mental conditions.  Furthermore, only selective data are usually
discussed.  In the earlier report, more than 83 review papers were
cited.  To these can be added:

   Becker, C. D., Thatcher, T. 0., "Toxicity of Power Plant Chemicals
   to Aquatic Life", Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest
   Laboratories, Richland, Washington, Report Nos.  WASH-12U9, UC-11,
   June 1973, 2U8 pp.  AMIC-9135.

   Boccardy, J. A., Spaulding, W. M., Jr., "Effects of Surface
   Mining on Fish and Wildlife in Appalachia", Bureau of Sport Fisheries
   and Wildlife, Publication No. 65,  1968.  AMIC-6389.

   Hunt, E.  G., Keith, J. 0., "Pesticide Analysis in Fish and Wildlife",
   Analytical Methods for Pesticides, Plant Growth Regulators, and Food
   Additives, Vol. 5, 1967, P 1^7.AMIC-5758.

   Johnson,  D. W., "Pesticides and Fishes - a Review of Selected
   Literature", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 97»
   1968, pp 398-^25"AMIC-5^63.

   Jones, A. N., Howells, W. R., "Recovery of the River Rheidol",
   Effluent Water Treatment Journal,  Vol. 9, 1969,  pp 605-610.
   AMIC-5752.

   Seagran,  H. L., "Mercury in Great Lakes Fish", Limnos, Vol. 3, No. 2,
   Summer 1970, pp 3-10.  AMIC-153.

   Sprague,  J. B., "Measurement of Pollutant Toxicity to Fish.
   I.  Bioassay Methods for Acute Toxicity", Water Research, Vol. 3,
   1969, PP 793-821.  AMIC-137.

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    Sprague,  J. B.,  "Measurement  of  Pollutant Toxicity to Fish.
    II.  Utilizing and Applying Bioassay Results", Water Research,
    Vol. k, 1970,  pp 3-32.  AMIC-358.

    Swabey, Y. H., "The Autopsy of Fish Collected in Fish Kins",
    The Ontario Water Resources Commission, Canada, Publication No.
    11. 1966, 19 pp.

Not reviewed in this report are  bioassay procedures, field assessment
techniques,  and related topics.  A  number of recent documents would be
useful for this purpose, including:

    Bell, M.  C., "Fisheries Handbook of Engineering Requirements
    and Biological Criteria", Fisheries-Engineering Research Program,
    Corps of  Engineers, North Pacific Div., Portland, Oregon, Contract
    No. DACW57-68-C-0086, 1973, 508  pp.

    Cairns, J., Dickson, K. L., "Biological Methods for the Assessment
    of Water  Quality", ASTM Special  Technical Publication No. 528,
    1973, 262 pp.

    Dills, G. G.,  Rogers, D. T.,  "Aquatic Community Structure as an
    Indicator of Pollution", Geological Survey of Alabama, Circular 80,
    1972, 25  pp.

    Smith, L. S.,  Saddler, J. B., Cardwell, R. C.,  et al., "Responses of
    Teleost Fish to Environmental Stress", University of Washington,
    Fisheries Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, EPA Grant No.
    18050EBK, 1971,  llU pp.

One report by McPhee and Ruelle  (1969) was received too late to include
in  this compilation.  In it are  summarized toxicity data for 1888
chemicals against five fish species in a piscicide screening program.

It  was previously suggested that ecological investigators be encouraged
to  include in their  reports:

     •  Positive  identity of chemicals under test
     •  Precise description of test organisms
     •  Use  of standard test or  field methods,  where applicable,
          or of procedures if standard methods are not used
     •  Closer definition and control of test conditions

Although papers have generally improved in these regards,  not all
investigators include all desirable details of their experimentation.

A species index is included as Appendix B.   Appendix C is a list of
commercial chemicals cited in the data section (Appendix A) and includes,
when available,  the chemical nature of the compound.

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                            SECTION IV


                         ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to express their appreciation to the Project Officer,
Mr. Robert Andrew, for his assistance and concern for this work.
                                             Homer T.  Kemp
                                             Robert L. Little
                                             Verna L.  Holoman
                                             Ralph L.  Darby

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                             REFERENCES
Abedi, Z. H., McKinley, W. P.
"ZEBRA FISH EGGS AND LARVAE AS AFLATOXIN BIOASSAY TEST ORGANISMS", Journal
of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Vol. 51, No. U, 196ti,
pp 902-905.  AMIC-3712.

Abedi, Z. H., Turton, D. E.
"NOTE ON THE RESPONSE OF ZEBRA FISH LARVAE TO FOLPET AND DIFOLATAN",
Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Vol. 51, No. 5,
1968, pp HOb-1109.  AMIC-3717.

Adelman, I. R., Smith, L. L., Jr.
"EFFECT OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE ON NORTHERN PIKE EGGS AND SAC FRY",
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 99, No. 3, 1970,
pp 501-509.AMIC-5516.

Alabaster, J. S.
"SURVIVAL OF FISH IN l6U HERBICIDES, INSECTICIDES, FUNGICIDES, WETTING
AGENTS AND MISCELLANEOUS SUBSTANCES", International Pest Control, March/
April 1969, pp 29-35.  AMIC-5U25.

Anderson, J. M.
"EFFECT OF SUBLETHAL DDT ON THE LATERAL LINE OF BROOK TROUT, SALVELINUS
FONTINALIS", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 25,
No. 12, 1968, pp 2677-2652.AMIC-3768.

Anderson, J. M., Peterson, M. R.
"DDT:  SUBLETHAL EFFECTS ON BROOK TROUT NERVOUS SYSTEM", Science, Vol. 16U,
April 25, 1969, PP WK)-UUl.  AMIC-3838.

Anderson, J. M., Prins, H. B.
"EFFECTS OF SUBLETHAL DDT ON A SIMPLE REFLEX IN BROOK TROUT", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 2,  1970, pp 331-33^.
AMIC-37b2.

Arthur, J. W., Leonard, E. N.
"EFFECTS OF COPPER ON GAMMARUS PSEUDOLIMNAEUS, PHYSA INTEGRA, AND
CAMPELOMA DECISUM IN SOFT WATER", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board
of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 7, July 1970, pp 1277-1253.  AMIC-b67.

Ashley, L. M.
"ACTION OF IRON SALTS IN SOLUTION ON GOLDFISH", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 32, April 1970, p 109.  AMIC-5^3^

Aubin, A. E., Johansen, P. H.
"THE EFFECTS OF AN ACUTE DDT EXPOSURE ON THE SPONTANEOUS ELECTRICAL
ACTIVITY OF GOLDFISH CEREBELLUM", Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. kf,
No. 2, March 1969, pp 163-166.  AMIC-3«35.
                               11

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Bache, C. A., Gutenmann, W. H., Lisk, D. J.
 "RESIDUES OF TOTAL MERCURY AND METHYLMERCURIC SALTS IN LAKE TROUT AS A
FUNCTION OF AGE", Science, Vol. 172, May 28, 1971, pp 951-952.  AMIC-3818.

Bahr, T. G., Ball, R. C.
 "ACTION OF DDT ON EVOKED AND SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITY FROM THE RAINBOW TROUT
LATERAL LINE NERVE", Comp, Biochem. Physiol., Vol. 38A, 1971, PP 279-28U,
AMIC-3808.

Baker, J. T. P.
 "HISTOLOGICAL AND ELECTRON MICROSCOPICAL OBSERVATIONS ON COPPER
POISONING IN THE WINTER FLOUNDER ( PSEUDOPLEURONECTES AMERICANUS) ", Journal
of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No. 11, 1969,
pp 2785-2793.  AMIC-3763.

Baldridge, H. D., Jr.
 "KINETICS OF ONSET OF RESPONSES BY SHARKS TO WATERBORNE DRUGS", Bulletin
of Marine Science, Vol. 19, No. U, 1969, pp 88U-892.  AMIC-3832.

Ballard, J. A., Oliff, W. D.
 "A RAPID METHOD FOR MEASURING THE ACUTE TOXIC ITY OF DISSOLVED MATERIALS
TO MARINE FISHES", Water Research, Vol. 3, 1969, pp 313-333.  AMIC-300.

Batterton, J. C., Boush, G. M. , Matsumura, F.
 "GROWTH RESPONSE OF BLUE -GREEN ALGAE TO AIDRIN, DIELDRIN, ENDRIN AND
THEIR METABOLITES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 6, November /December 1971, pp 589-59^.  AMIC-1U71.

Bell, H. L., Nebeker, A. V.
"PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON THE TOLERANCE AQUATIC INSECTS TO LOW pH", Journal
of the Kansas Entomological_Society, Vol. 42, No. 2, April 1969, pp 230-
      AMIC-5908.
Bender, M. E.
"THE TOXICITY OF THE HYDROLYSIS AND BRh^KDOWN PRODUCTS OF MALATHION TO THE
FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS, RAFINESQUE) ", Water Research, Vol. 3,
1969, PP 571-582.  AMIC-3787.

Bender, M. E.
"UPTAKE AND RETENTION OF MALATHION BY THE CARP", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 31, July 1969, pp 155-159.  AMIC-573L

Bender, M. E., Eisele, P.
"LONG TERM EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES ON STREAM INVERTEBRATES", University of
Michigan, Department of Environmental and Industrial Health, Ann Arbor,
Michigan, Project Completion Report, December 1971, 28 pp, PB-206 692.
AMIC-3279.

Bennett, H. J., Day, J. W., Jr.
"ABSORPTION OF ENDRIN BY THE BLUEGILL SUNFISH, LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS ",
Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol. 3, No. if-, March 1970,  pp 201-203.
AMIC-195.
                                12

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Berger, B. L., Lennon, R. E., Hogan, J. W.
"LABORATORY STUDIES ON ANTIMYCIN A AS A FISH TOXICANT", U. S. Bureau Of
Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, Fish Control Laboratory, La Crosse,
Wisconsin, Investigations in Fish Control No. 26, February 1969, 21 pp.
Bhatia, H. L.
"TOXICITY OF SOME PESTICIDES TO PUNTIUS TICTO (HAMILTON)", Science and
Culture, Vol. 37, No. 3, March 1971, pp 160-161.  AMIC-5^23.

Birdsong, C. L., Avault, J. W., Jr.
"TOXICITY OF CERTAIN CHEMICALS TO JUVENILE POMPANO", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 33, No. 2, April 1971, pp 76-80.  AMIC-5570.

Boer, H. H., Lever, J.
"THE EFFECT OF AMPHENONE B ON THE EGG PRODUCTION OF LYMNAEA STAGNALIS",
Malacologia, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1967, PP 1*31 -W.  AMIC-5^5.
Brown, V. M. , Dalton, R. A.
 "THE ACUTE LETHAL TOXICITY TO RAINBOW TROUT OF MIXTURES OF COPPER,  PHENOL,
ZINC, AND NICKEL", Journal of Fish Biology, Vol. 2, 1970, pp 211-216.
AMIC-599U.

Brown, V. M., Jordan, D. H. M. , Tiller, B. A.
 "THE ACUTE TOXICITY TO RAINBOW TROUT OF FLUCTUATING CONCENTRATIONS  AND
MIXTURES OF AMMONIA, PHENOL, AND ZINC", Journal of Fish Biology,  Vol.  1,
1969, pp 1-9.  AMIC-5993.

Brungs, W. A.
 "CHRONIC TOXICITY OF ZINC TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS
RAFINESQUE", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98,
1969, pp 272-279.  AMIC-545S.

Buhler, D. R., Shanks, W. E.
 "INFLUENCE OF BODY WEIGHT ON CHRONIC ORAL DDT TOXICITY IN COHO SALMON",
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 2,  1970,
PP 3^7-358.  AMIC-3781.

Burton, D. T.
 "LACTIC AND PYRUVIC ACID CHANGES IN BLUEGILL SUNFISH (LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS
RAFINESQUE) DURING GRADUAL HYPOXIA AT TWO ACCLIMATION TEMPERATURES. (5  AND
20 C)", The ASB Bulletin, Vol. 17, No. 2, April 1970, p 35.  AMIC-6385.

Butler, G. W., Ferguson, D. E., Sadler, C. R.
"EFFECTS OF SUBLETHAL PARATHION EXPOSURE ON THE BLOOD OF GOLDEN SHINERS,
NOTEMIGONUS CRYSOLEUCAS ", Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Science.
Vol. 15, 1969, PP 33-36.  AMIC-5977.

Cairns, J., Jr., Sparks, R. E.
"THE USE OF BLUEGILL BREATHING TO DETECT ZINC", Virginia Polytechnic
Institute and State University, Center for Environmental Studies, Blacksburg,
Virginia, Water Pollution Control Research Series 18050 EDQ 12/71,  December
1971, ^5 PP.  AMIC-3232.


                                   13

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Cairns, J., Jr., Waller, W. T.
"THE USE OF FISH MOVEMENT PATTERNS TO MONITOR ZINC", Virginia Polytechnic
Institute and State University, Center for Environmental Studies, Blacksburg,
Virginia, Water Pollution Control Research Series 18050 EDP 12/71,
December 1971, 55 pp.  AMIC-323L

Cairns, J., Loos, J. J.
"CHANGED FEEDING RATE OF BRACHYDANIO RERIO (HAMILTON-BUCHANAN) RESULTING
FROM EXPOSURE TO SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATIONS OF ZINC, POTASSIUM BICHROMATE,
AND ALKYL BENZENE SULFONATE", Pennsylvania Academy of Science, 1967,
pp Vf-52.  AMIC-5707-

Chen, C. W., Selleck, R. E.
"A KINETIC MODEL OF FISH TOXICITY THRESHOLD", Journal Water Pollution
Control Federation, Vol. Ul, 1969, pp R29^-R30^4~  AMIC-3831.

Coler, R. A., Gunner, H. B., Zuckerman,  B. M.
"TUBIFICID SENSITIVITY TO STREPTOMYCIN", Transactions of the American
Fisheries Society, Vol. 97, 1968, pp 502-503.  AMIC-5M60.

Cooke, A. S.
"SELECTIVE PREDATION BY NEWTS ON FROG TADPOLES TREATED WITH DDT", Nature,
Vol. 229, January 22, 1971, PP 275-276.   AMIC-381U.

Cordone, A. J., Nicola, S. J.
"INFLUENCE OF MOLYBDENUM ON THE TROUT AND TROUT FISHING OF CASTLE LAKE",
California Fish and Game, Vol. 56, No. 2, 1970, pp 96-108.  AMIC-5750.

Cowmeadow, M. M., Steege, P. T., Pang, P. K.  T., Grant, F. B.
"A STUDY OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF SULFISOXAZOLE ON THE KILLIFISH",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31, October 1969, pp 226-228.
AMIC-5736.

Davis, H. C., Hindu, H.
"EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES ON EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT OF CLAMS AND OYSTERS AND
ON SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF THE LARVAE", U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Fishery Bulletin, Vol. 67, No. 2, 1969,  pp 393-^04.AMIC-5990.

Dimond, J. B., Getchell, A. S., Blease,  J. A.
"ACCUMULATION AND PERSISTENCE OF DDT IN A LOTIC ECOSYSTEM", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28,  No. 12, December 1971,
pp 1877-1882.AMIC-3291.

Duke, T. W., Lowe, J. I., Wilson, A. J., Jr.
"A POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (AROCLOR 125^) IN THE WATER, SEDIMENT, AND
BIOTA OF ESCAMBIA BAY, FLORIDA", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 5, No. 2, March/April 1970, pp 171-180.  AMIC-720.

Earnest, R. D.
"THE EFFECT OF PARAQUAT ON FISH IN A COLORADO FARM POND", The Progressive^
Fish-Culturist. Vol. 33, No. 1, January 1971, PP 27-31.  AMIC-55ol

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Eaton, J. G.
 "CHRONIC MALATHION TOXICITY TO THE BLUEGILL (LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS
RAFINESQUE)", Water Research, Vol. k, October 1970, pp 673-68U.  AMIC-1312.

Ebel, W. J.
 "SUPERSATURATION OF NITROGEN IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER AND ITS EFFECT ON
SALMON AND STEELHEAD TROUT", Fishery Bulletin, Vol. 68, No. 1, 1969,
pp 1-9.  AMIC-6198.

Eisler, R.
 "CADMIUM POISONING IN FUNDULUS HETEROCLITUS (PISCES:  CYPRINODONTIDAE)
AND OTHER MARINE ORGANISMS", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada, Vol. 28, No. 9, September 1971, pp 1225-1234.AMIC-1621.

Eller, L. L.
 "PATHOLOGY IN REDEAR SUNFISH EXPOSED TO HYDROTHOL 191", Transactions of
the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98, 1969, pp 52-59.  AMIC-5^59.

Epifanio, C. E.
 "EFFECTS OF DIELDRIN IN SEAWATER ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO SPECIES OF CRAB
LARVAE, LEPTODIUS FLORIDANUS AND PANOPEUS HERBSTII", Marine Biology, Vol. 11,
No. k, December 1971, PP 356-362.  AMIC-2653-

Erickson, S. J., Lackie, N., Maloney, T. E.
 "A SCREENING TECHNIQUE FOR ESTIMATING COPPER TOXICITY TO ESTUARINE
PHYTOPLANKTON", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. U2, No. 8,
Part 2, August 1970, pp R270-R275.AMIC-^9.

Ferguson, D. E., Ludke, J. L., Finley, M. T., Murphy, G. G.
 "INSECTICIDE-RESISTANT FISHES:  A POTENTIAL HAZARD TO CONSUMERS",
Mississippi Acadeny of Science Journal, Vol. 13, 1967, pp 138-lUo.
AMIC-5970.

Fletcher, G. L., Hoyle, R. J., Home, D. A.
"YELLOW PHOSPHORUS POLLUTION:  ITS TOXICITY TO SEAWATER-MAINTAINED BROOK
TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) AND SMELT (OSMERUS MORDAX)", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 8, August 1970,
PP 1379-13^.  AMIC-539.

Fredeen, F. J. H., Duffy, J. R.
"INSECTICIDE RESIDUES IN SOME COMPONENTS OF THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER
ECOSYSTEM", Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, March 1970,
pp 219-226.  AMIC-53^.

Gardner, G. R., Yevich, P. P.
"HISTOLOGICAL AND HEMATOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF AN ESTUARINE TELCOST TO
CADMIUM", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27,
No. 12, 1970, pp 2155-2193.AMIC-3527.

Garrison, R. L.
"THE TOXICITY OF PROJIOXFISH TO SALMONID EGGS AND FRY", The Progressive
Fish-Culturist, Vol. 30, January 1968, pp 35-38.  AMIC-571U.


                                  15

-------
Gibson, J. R., Ludke, J. L., Ferguson, D. E.
 "SOURCES OF ERROR IN THE USE OF FISH-BRAIN ACETTLCHOLINESTERASE ACTIVITY
AS A MONITOR FOR POLLUTION", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. k, No. 1, 1969, PP 17-23.  AMIC-37«3.

Gibson, J. R., Ludke, J. L.
 "EFFECT OF SESAMEX ON BRAIN ACE1YLCHOLINESTERASE INHIBITION BY
PARATHION IN FISHES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1971, PP 97-99.  AMIC-3799.

Grant, B. F., Mehrle, P. M.
 "CHRONIC ENDRIN POISONING IN GOLDFISH, CARASSIUS AURATUS", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 12, 1970, pp 2225-2232.
AMIC-3526.

Grosch, D. S.
 "POISONING WITH DDT:  SECOND- AND THIRD-YEAR REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE
OF ARTEMIA", Pollution - Foundations for Today, Vol. 2, 1971, PP 8MJ5.
AMIC-2090.

Guthrie, J. E., Acres, 0. E.
 "TOXICITY TO FISH OF TWO ORGANIC REACTOR COOLANTS", Bulletin of
Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 5> No. 2, March/
April 1970, pp 1U5-151.AMEC-721.

Hanes, D., Krueger, H., Pilcher, K. S.
 "PENTACHLOROPHENOL AND CULTURES OF EMBRYONIC CELLS FROM ONCORHYNCHUS
KISUTCH", Proceedings of the Western Pharmacological Society, Vol. 13,
1970, pp 62-6b.AMIC-5753.

Hansen, D.J., Parrish, P.R., Lowe, J.I., Wilson, A.J., Jr., Wilson, P.D.
"CHRONIC TOXICIIY, UPTAKE, AND RETENTION OF AROCLOR 125U IN TWO ESTUARINE
FISHES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol.  6,
No. 2, March/April 1971, pp 113-119.AMIC-1811.

Hatfield, C, T.
"EFFECTS OF DDT LARVICIDING ON AQUATIC FAUNA OF BOBBY'S BROOK,
LABRADOR", Canadian Fish Culturist, Vol. Uo, 1969,  pp 61-72.  AMIC-5770.

Haven, D. S.
"LEVELS OF THE HERBICIDE DIQUAT IN TWO ESTUARINE MOLLUSCS AND IN THE
WATER AND MUD", Journal of Science, Vol. 20, 1969,  pp 51-53.  AMIC-5978.

Hazel, C. R., Meith, S. J.
"BIOASSAY OF KING SALMON EGGS AND SAC FRY IN COPPER SOLUTIONS", California
Fish and Game, Vol. 56, No. 2, 1970, pp 121-12U. AMIC-5572.

Henderson, C., Inglis, A., Johnson, W. L.
"RESIDUES IN FISH, WILDLIFE, AND ESTUARIES.  ORGANOCHLORINE INSECTICIDE
RESIDUES IN FISH - FALL 1969 NATIONAL PESTICIDE MONITORING PROGRAM",
Pesticides Monitoring Journal. Vol. 5, No. 1, June  1971>  PP 1-11.
AMIC-1U07.
                                  16

-------
Hiltibran, R. C.
"A PROPOSED BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM OF THE TOXIC ACTION OF DDT", Trans-
actions of the Illinois Academy of Science, Vol. 6^, No. 1, 1971,
pp 46-5^.AMIC-5975.

Hogan, R. L., Roeloes, E. W.
"CONCENTRATIONS OF DIELDRIN IN THE BLOOD AND BRAIN OF THE GREEN
SUNFISH, LEPOMIS CYANELLUS, AT DEATH", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. U, 1971, pp 610-612.AMIC-3«2^.

Holland, H. T., Coppage, D. L.
"SENSITIVITY TO PESTICIDES IN THREE GENERATIONS OF SHEEPSHEAD MINNOWS",
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 5, No.  ^,
July/August 1970, pp 362-367.  AMIC-726.

Houston, A. H., Madden, J. A., Woods, R. J., Miles, H. M.
'VARIATIONS IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUE CHEMISTRY OF BROOK TROUT, SALVELINUS
FONTINALIS, SUBSEQUENT TO HANDLING, ANESTHESIA, AND SURGERY", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1971,
PP 635-642.  AMIC-3822.

Houston, A. H., Madden, J. A., Woods, R. J., Miles, H. M.
"SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF HANDLING AND TRICAINE ME THANE-SULPHONATE
ANESTHETIZATION UPON THE BROOK TROUT, SALVELINUS FONTINALIS", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5, May 1971,
pp 625-633.  AMIC-3823.

Rowland, R. M.
"INTERACTION OF ANTIMYCIN A AND ROTENONE IN FISH BIOASSAYS", The
Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31, January 1969, pp 33-3^. "AlttC-5725.

Hubschman, J. H.
"EFFECTS OF COPPER ON THE CRAYFISH ORCONECTES RUSTICUS (GIRARD)
I.  ACUTE TOXICITY", Crustaceana, Vol. 12, 1967, PP 33-^2.  AMIC-5985.

Huner, J. V., Dowden, B. F., Bennett, H. J.
"THE EFFECTS OF ENDRIN ON THE OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF THE BLUEGILL SUNFISH
LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS", Louisiana Academy of Sciences, Vol. 30, 1967,
pp 80-86.  AMIC-5981.

Jackson, D. A., Anderson, J. M., Gardner, D. R.
"FURTHER INVESTIGATIONS OF THE EFFECT OF DDT ON LEARNING IN FISH",
Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. U8, 1970, pp 577-580.  AMIC-3837.

Johnson, B. T., Saunders, C. R., Sanders, H. 0.
"BIOLOGICAL MAGNIFICATION AND DEGRADATION OF DDT AND ALDRIN BY FRESHWATER
INVERTEBRATES", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol.
28, No. 5, 1971, PP 705-709.AMIC-3B20.

Kawatski, J. A., SchmullDach, J. 'C.
"ACCUMULATION OF INSECTICIDE IN FRESHWATER OSTRACODS EXPOSED
CONTINUOUSLY TO SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATIONS OF ALDRIN OR DIELDRIN", Trans-
actions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 100, No. 3, 1971,
pp 565-567.  AMIC-5506.


                                   17

-------
Kihlstrom, J. E., Lundberg, C., Hulth, L.
"NUMBER OF EGGS AND YOUNG PRODUCED BY ZEBRAFISHES (BRACHYDANIO RERIO,
HAM.-BUCK.) SPAV/NING IN WATER CONTAINING SMALL AMOUNTS OF PHENYLMERCURIC
ACETATE", Environmental Research, Vol. U-, No. U, October 1971,
PP 355-359.  AMIC-2707.

Konar, S. K.
"TOXICITY OF HEPTACHLOR TO AQUATIC LIFE", Journal Water Pollution Control
Federation, Vol. U2, No. 8, Part 2, August 1970, pp R299-R303.
AMIC-WJ.

Konar, S. K.
"EFFECTS OF HEPTACHLOR AND NICOTINE ON THE BARBELS OF A CATFISH
(HETEROPNEUSTES FOSSILIS)", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
1969, pp 62-63.  AMIC-5726.

Konar, S. K.
"NICOTINE AS A FISH POISON", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 32,
April 1970, pp 103-10U.  AMIC-5435.

Konar, S. K.
"LABORATORY STUDIES ON TWO ORGANOPHOSPHORUS INSECTICIDES, DDVP AND
PHOSPHAMIDON, AS SELECTIVE TOXICANTS", Transactions of the American
Fisheries Society, Vol. 98, No.  3, 1969, pp 430-^37.  AMIC-5453.

Konar, S. K.
"LETHAL EFFECTS OF THE INSECTICIDE DDVP ON THE EGGS AND HATCHLINGS OF THE
SNAKE JffiAD, CHANNA PUNCTATUS (Bl) (OPHIOCEPHALIFORMES:  OPHIOCEPHALIDAE)",
Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, Vol. 15, No. 3* February 15, 1969,
pp 130-133.  AMIC-6355.

Lane, C. E., Scura, E. D.
"EFFECTS OF DIELDRIN ON GLUTAMIC OXALOACETIC TRANSAMINASE IN POECILIA
LATIPINNA", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27,
No. 10, October 1970, pp 1069-1571.AMIC-1253.

LaRoche, G., Eisler, R., Tarzwell, C. M.
"BIOASSAY PROCEDURES FOR OIL AND OIL DISPERSANT TOXICITY EVALUATION",
Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. U2, No. 11, November
1970, pp 19B2-19a9.  AMIC-V4-5.

Lincer, J. L., Solon, J. M., Nair, J. H., Ill
"DDT AND ENDRIN FISH TOXICITY UNDER STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC BIOASSAY
CONDITIONS", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. Vol. 99,
No. 1, 1970, pp 13-19.AMIC-5509.

Linn, J. D., Stanley, R. L.
"TDE RESIDUES IN CLEAE LAKE ANIMALS", California Fish and Game. Vol. 55,
No. 3, 1969, pp 16U-178.  AMIC-5521.     ~~
                                   18

-------
Lloyd, R., White, W. R.
"EFFECT OF HIGH CONCENTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE ON THE IONIC COMPOSITION
OF RAINBOW TROUT BLOOD", Nature, Vol. 216, December 30, 1967, pp 13^
AMIC-3721.

Loeb, H. A., Starkey, R. J.
"SURVIVAL OF BURIED BULLHEADS SUBJECTED TO U'-IODO-3->NITROSALICYLANILIDE",
New York Fish and Game Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2, July 1966, pp 196-205.
AMIC-6199.

Lucas, H. F., Jr., Edgington, D. N.
"CONCENTRATIONS OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN GREAT LAKES FISHES", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 2?, No. U, 1970, pp 677-604.
AMIC-3770.

Lyraan, L. D., Tompkins, W. A., McCann, J. A.
"RESIDUES IN FISH, WILDLIFE, AND ESTUARIES", Pesticides Monitoring Journal,
Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1968, pp 109-122.  AMIC-3039.

Macek, K. J.
"REPRODUCTION IN BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) FED SUBLETHAL
CONCENTRATIONS OF DDT", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada, Vol. 25, No. 9, 1965, pp 1707-1796.AMIC-3716.

Macek, K. J., Korn, S.
"SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FOOD CHAIN IN DDT ACCUMULATION BY FISH", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 8, August" 1970,
pp 1^96-1490.AMIC-044.

Macek, K. J., McAllister, W. A.
"INSECTICIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SOME COMMON FISH FAMILY REPRESENTATIVES",
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, No. 1, 1970, pp 20-27.
AMIC-5510.

MacPhee, C., Ruelle, R.
"A CHEMICAL SELECTIVELY LETHAL TO SQUAWFISH (PTYCHOCHEILUS OREGONENSIS
AND P. UMPQUAE)", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98,
1969, pp 676-684.  AMIC-5450.

Manion, P. J.
"EVALUATION OF LAMPREY LARVICIDES IN THE BIG GARLIC RIVER AND SAUX HEAD
LAKE", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No. 11,
1969, pp 3077-3002.  AMIC-3761.

Mann, H.
"BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FATTY ALCOHOLS ON FRESHWATER ANIMALS", Internationale
Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, Vol. 56, No. 4, 1971, pp 599-607,
AMIC-3079.
                                  19

-------
Marking, L. L.
"TOXIC ITY OF METHYLPENTYNOL TO SELECTED FISHES", U. S. Bureau of Sport
Fisheries and Wildlife, Fish Control Laboratory, La Crosse, Wisconsin,
Investigations in Fish Control No. 30, February 1969, 7 pp.  AMIC-5^77-

Marking, L. L.
"JUGLONE (5-HYDROXY-l,U-NAPHTHOQUINONE) AS A FISH TOXICANT", Transactions
of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 99, No. 3, 1970, pp 510-51^
AMIC-5517.

Marking, L. L.
"TOXICITY OF RHODAMINE B AND FLUORESCEIN SODIUM TO FISH AND THEIR
COMPATIBILITY WITH ANTIMYCIN A", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
July 1969, PP 139-lte.  AMIC-5729.

Mathur, D. S.
"TOXICITY OF ALDRIN TO CERTAIN FISH", Science and Culture, Vol. 35, No. 8,
August 1969, pp 1+18-14.19.  AMIC-5U22.

Mawdesley-Thomas, L. E.
"TOXIC CHEMICALS - THE RISK TO FISH", New Scientist, Vol.  U9,  No. 73^,
January lU, 1971, pp 7^-75.  AMIC-1056^

Mclngvale, C. R., Ludke, L., Ferguson, D. E.
"OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF ENDRIN-SUSCEPTIBLE AND ENDRIN^RESISTANT GAMBUSIA
DURING SUBLETHAL AND ACUTE ENDRIN EXPOSURE", Journal of the Mississippi
Academy of Science, Vol. Ik, 1968, pp Il6-121~AMIC-5^75.

McKim, J. M., Christensen, G. M., Hunt, E. P.
"CHANGES IN THE BLOOD OF BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) AFTER SHORT-
TERM AND LONG-TERM EXPOSURE TO COPPER", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 10, 1970, pp 1553-1559.  AMIC-3525.

McKim, J. M., Benoit, D. A.
"EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM EXPOSURES TO COPPER ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH,  AND
REPRODUCTION OF BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS)", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1971,  pp 655-662.
AMEC-3821.

McKone, C. E., Young, R. G., Bache, C. A., Lisk, D. J.
"RAPID UPTAKE OF MERCURIC ION BY GOLDFISH", Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 5,
No. 11, November 1971, PP 1138-1139.  AMIC-1592T

McReynolds, H. E.
"PRACTICALITY OF ENDRIN AS A FISH TOXICANT", Indiana Academy of Science
Proceedings. Vol. 79, 1969, pp l^-lSl.  AMIC-105.

Metcalf, R. L., Sangha, G. K., Kapoor, I. P.
"MODEL ECOSYSTEM FOR THE EVALUATION OF PESTICIDE BIODEGRADABILITY AND
ECOLOGICAL MAGNIFICATION", Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 5,
No. 8, August 1971, PP 709-713.AMIC-1U95.


                                  20

-------
Mlnchew, C. D., Ferguson, D. E.
"TOXICITIES OF SIX INSECTICIDES TO RESISTANT AND SUSCEPTIBLE GREEN
SUNFISH AND GOLDEN SHINERS IN STATIC BIOASSAYS", Journal of the
Mississippi Academy of Science, Vol. 15, 1970, pp 29-32.  AMZC-51*?!.

Mitchum, D. L., Moore, T. D.
"EFFICACY OF DI-JN-BUTYL-TIN OXIDE ON AN INTESTINAL FLUKE, CREPIDOSTOMUM
FARIONIS, IN GOLDEN TROUT", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
July 1969, pp 1U3-1W3.  AMIC-5730.

Morris, R. L., Johnson, L. G.
"DIEIDRIN LEVELS IN FISH FROM IOWA STREAMS", Pesticides Monitoring
Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, June 1971, pp 12-16.  AMIC-1^52.

Moubry, R. J., Helm, J. M., Myrdal, G. R.
"CHLORINATED PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN AN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT LOCATED
ADJACENT TO A COMMERCIAL ORCHARD", Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol.
1, No. k, March 1968, pp 27-29.  AMIC-3753.

Mount, D. I., Boyle, H. W.
"PARATHION - USE OF BLOOD CONCENTRATION TO DIAGNOSE MORTALITY OF FISH",
Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 11, November 1969,
pp 11S3-11B5.  AMIC-11.

Mount, D. I., Stephan, C. E.
"CHRONIC TOXICITY OF COPPER TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS)
IN SOFT WATER", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol.
26, No. 9, 1969, PP 2^9-21*57-  AMIC-3765.

Munson, T. 0.
"CHLORINATED HYDROCARBON RESIDUES IN MARINE ANIMALS OF SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,
Vol. 1, No. k, April 1972, pp 223-223.AMIC-3096.

Murphy, P. G.
"THE EFFECT OF SIZE ON THE UPTAKE OF DDT FROM WATER BY FISH", Bulletin of
Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 1, January/
February 1971, PP 20-23.AMIC-1505.

Murphy, P. G., Murphy, J. V.
"CORRELATIONS BETWEEN RESPIRATION AND DIRECT UPTAKE OF DDT IN THE MOSQUITO
FISH GAMBUSIA AFFINIS", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 6, November/December 1971, pp 551-508.  AMIC-1^70.

Naqvi, S. M., Ferguson, D. E.
"LEVELS OF INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE IN FRESH-WATER SHRIMP, PALAEMONETES
KADIAKENSIS", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, No. U,
1970, pp 696-699.  AMIC-5519.
                                   21

-------
Naqvi, S. M. , Ferguson, D. E.
"PESTICIDE TOLERANCES OF SELECTED FRESHWATER INVERTEBRATES", Journal of
the Mississippi Academy of Science, Vol. Ik, 1969, PP 121-127-  AMIC-5979.

Nimmo, D. R., Blackman, R. R., Wilson, A. J., Forester, J.
"TOXIC ITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF AROCLOR 125 U IN THE PINK SHRIMP PENAEUS
DUORARUM", Marine Biology, Vol. 11, No. 3, November 1971, PP 191-197-
AMIC -26U5.

Nunogawa, J. H., Burbank, N. C., Jr., Young, R. H. F., Lau, L. S.
"RELATIVE TOXICITIES OF SELECTED CHEMICALS TO SEVERAL SPECIES OF
TROPICAL FISH", University of Hawaii, Water Resources Research Center,
Honolulu, Hawaii, Technical Report No. UO, August 1970, 38 PP,
PB-196-312.  AMIC-6567.

Otto, N. E.
"ALGAECIDAL EVALUATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY OF MAT PRODUCTING BLUE-
GREEN ALGAE", Bureau of Reclamation, Office of Chief Engineer, Denver,
Colorado, Report No. REC-OCE-70-25, July 1970, 31 PP, PB-191^ 8o8.
AMIC-892.

O'Hara, J.
"ALTERATIONS IN OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY BLUEGILLS EXPOSED TO SUBLETHAL
TREATMENT WITH COPPER", Water Research, Vol. 5, 1971, PP 321-327.
AMIC-3793.

Pal, R. N., Gopalakrishnan, V.
"PRELIMINARY TRIALS ON THE TOXICITY OF  'ALGISTAT1 TO FISH AND ALGAE",
Fishery Technology, Vol. 5, No. 2, July 1968, pp 101-103.  AMlC-575^.

Patrick, R., Cairns, J., Jr., Scheier, A.
"THE RELATIVE SENSITIVITY OF DIATOMS, SNAILS, AND FISH TO TWENTY COMMON
CONSTITUENTS OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES", The Progressive Fjsh-Culturist, Vol.
30, January 1968, pp 137-1^0.  AMIC-5720.

Pickering, Q. H., Thatcher, T. 0.
"THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF LINEAR ALKYLATE SULFONATE (LAS) TO PIMEPHALES
PROMELAS, RAFINESQUE", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol.
U2, No. 2, Part 1, February 1970, pp 2^-3-2^.  AMIC-65.
Portmann, J. E., Wilson, K. W.
"THE TOXICITY OF lUO SUBSTANCES TO THE BROWN SHRIMP AND OTHER MARINE
ANIMALS", Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fisheries Laboratory,
Burnham-on -Crouch, Essex, England, Shellfish Information Leaflet No. 22,
December 1971, 12 pp.  AMIC-7701.

Post, G., Schroeder, T. R.
"THE TOXICITY OF FOUR INSECTICIDES TO FOUR SALMONID SPECIES", Bulletin
of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 2, March/
April 1971, pp 1^-155.  AMIC-1512.
                                  22

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Rabe, F. W., Wissmar, R. C.
"SOME EFFECTS OF ANTIMYCIN IN AN OLIGOTROPHIC LAKE", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 31, July 1969, p 163.  AMIC-5732.

Rachlin, J. W., Perlmutter, A.
"RESPONSE OF AN INBRED STRAIN OF PLATYFISH AND THE FATHEAD MINNOW TO ZINC",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 30, October 1968, pp 103-20?.
AMIC-5722.

Rachlin, J. W., Perlmutter, A.
"RESPONSE OF RAINBOW TROUT CELLS IN CULTURE TO SELECTED CONCENTRATIONS OF
ZINC SULFATE", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31, April 1969,
pp 9U-98.  AMIC-57251.

Ragab, M. T. H.
"GAS CHOMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF MALATHION IN WATER AND IN FlSH",
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 3* No. 3,
1965, pp 155-163.  AMIC-37201.

Raynes, A. E., Ryback, R. S.
"EFFECT OF ALCOHOL AND CONGENERS ON AGGRESSIVE RESPONSE IN BETTA
SPLENDENS", Boston City Hospital, Alcohol Study Unit, Boston,
Massachusetts.  AMIC-5712.

Ray, J., Stevens, V.
"USING BAYTEX TO CONTROL CRAYFISH IN PONDS", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 32, January 1970, pp 58-60.  AMIC-5433.

Reinert, R. E.
"PESTICIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN GREAT LAKES", Pesticides Monitoring Journal,
Vol. 3, No. U, March 1970, pp 233-2^0.  AMLC-196.

Risebrough, R. W., Rieche, P., Peakall, D. B., Herman, S. G., Kirven, M. N.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS IN THE GLOBAL ECOSYSTEM", Nature, Vol. 220,
December lU, 1968, pp 1098-1102.  AMZC-38UU.

Rucker, R. R., Amend, D. F.
"ABSORPTION AND RETENTION OF ORGANIC MERCURIALS BY RAINBOW TROUT AND
CHINOOK AND SOCKEYE SALMON", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
October 1969, PP 197-201.  AMIC-5733.

Sanders, H. 0.
"TOXICITIES OF SOME HERBICIDES TO SIX SPECIES OF FRESHWATER CRUSTACEANS",
Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. k2, No. 8, Part 1, August
1970, pp 15^-1550.  AMIC-453.

Savitz, J.
"EFFECT OF M.S. 222 ON NITROGEN EXCRETION OF THE BLUEGILL (LEPOMIS
:MkCROCHIRUS)"  Journal of the Elisna Mitchell Scientific Society,
Vol. 85, No. 4, 1969, pp 150-151.  AMIC-5S3S.
                                23

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Shaw, T. L., Brown, V. M.
"HEAVY METALS AND THE FERTILIZATION OF RAINBOW TROUT EGGS", Nature, Vol.
230, No. 5291, March 26, 1971, p 251.  AMIC-1444.

Smith, J. W., Grigoropoulos, S. G.
"TOXIC EFFECTS OF TRACE ORGANICS ON FISH", Journal American Water Works
Association, Vol. 62, No. 8, August 1970, pp 499-50b.AMIC-993.

Solon, J. M., Lincer, J. L., Nair, J. H., Ill
"THE EFFECT OF SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATION OF LAS ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF
VARIOUS INSECTICIDES TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS
RAFINESQUE)", Water Research, Vol. 3, 1969, PP 767-775.  AMIC-3785.

Sonstelie, L. C.
"THE EFFECTS OF DDT ON THE INSECT POPULATION OF TROUT CREEK", University
of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, Dissertation Abstracts No. 70-3796", 1969,
136 pp.  AMIC-964.

Sparks, R. E., Cairns, J., Jr., Cross, F. B.
"SOME EFFECTS OF A NEUTRAL MIXTURE OF CALCIUM OXIDE AND SULFURIC ACID ON
CHANNEL CATFISH ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS (RAFINESQUE)", Transactions of the
Kansas Academy of Science, Vol. 72, No. 1, Spring 1969, pp 1-15.
AMIC-5902.

Sprague, J. B.
"AVOIDANCE REACTIONS OF RAINBOW TROUT TO ZINC SULPHATE SOLUTIONS", Water
Research, Vol. 2, 1968,  pp 367-372.  AMIC-3760.

Stapleton, R. P.
"TRACE ELEMENTS IN TISSUES OF THE CALICO BASS PARAIABRAX CLATHRATUS
(GIRARD)", Bulletin of the Southern California Acadeny of Sciences, Vol.
67, No. 1, 1965, pp 49-5«.AMIC-59«0.

Stock, J. N., Cope, 0. B.
"SOME EFFECTS OF TEPA, AN INSECT CHEMOSTERILANT, ON THE GUPPY, POECILIA
RETICULATA", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98,
1969, PP 280-267.  AMIC-5457.

Stout, V. F.
"PESTICIDE LEVELS IN FISH OF THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC", Bulletin of Environ-
mental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1966, pp 240-246.
AMIC-37b4.

Tracy, H. B., Lee, R. A., Woelke, C. E., Sariborn, G.
"RELATIVE TOXICITIES AND DISPERSING-EVALUATIONS OF ELEVEN OIL-J5ISPERSING
PRODUCTS", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation. Vol. 41, No. 12,
December 1969, pp 2062-2069.AMIC-3834.

Uthe, J. F., Bligh, E. G.
"PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION OF CANADIAN FRESHWATER
FISH", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5,
1971, pp 706-765.AMIC-3B19.
                                   24

-------
Vaala, S. S., Mitchell, R. B., Anthony, A.
"CYTOPHOTOMETRIC STUDIES OF DNA IN CIRCULATING ERYTHROCYTES OF BROOK TROUT
EXPOSED TO ACID pH", Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science,
Vol.  U3, 1969, pp 191-194.  AMIC-5709.

Warnick, S. L., Bell, H. L.
"THE  ACUTE TOXICITY OF SOME HEAVY METALS TO DIFFERENT SPECIES OF
AQUATIC INSECTS", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. Ul, No.
2,  Part 1, February 1969, PP 280-254.  AMIC-37&7.

Wedemeyer, G.
"THE  STRESS OF FORMALIN TREATMENTS IN RAINBOW TROUT (SALMO GAIRDNERI) AND
COHO  SALMON (ONCORHYNCHUS KISUTCH)", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 12, December 1971, PP 1899-1904.AMIC-3287.

Wedemeyer, G., Ross, A. J., Smith, L.
"SOME METABOLIC EFFECTS OF BACTERIAL ENDOTOXINS IN SALMONID FISHES",
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No. 1, 1969,
pp  115-122.AMIC-377U.

Weir, P. A., Hine, C. H.
"EFFECTS OF VARIOUS METALS ON BEHAVIOR OF CONDITIONED GOLDFISH", Archives
of  Environmental Health, Vol. 20, January 1970, pp 45-51.  AMIC-739.

Wellborn, T. L., Jr.
"TOXICITY OF SOME COMPOUNDS TO STRIPED BASS FINGERLINGS", The Progressive
Fish-Culturist, Vol. 33, No. 1, January 1971, PP 32-36.  AMIC-557L

Wellborn, T. L., Jr.
"THE  TOXICITY OF NINE THERAPEUTIC AND HERBICIDAL COMPOUNDS TO STRIPED BASS",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31* January 1969, pp 27-32.  AMIC-5723.

Wildish, D. J.
"THE  TOXITY OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCB) IN SEA WATER TO GAMMARUS
OCEANICUS", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,
Vol.  5, No. 3, 1970, pp 202-204.  AMIC-69.

Wilson, D. C., Bond, C. E.
"THE EFFECTS OF THE HERBICIDES DIQUAT AND DICHLOBENIL (CASORON) ON POND
INVERTEBRATES.  PART I.  ACUTE TOXICITY", Transactions of the American
Fisheries Society, Vol. 98, 1969, PP 438-443.  AMIC-5452.

Wisely, B., Blick, R. A. P.
"MORTALITY OF MARINE INVERTEBRATE LARVAE IN MERCURY, COPPER, AND ZINC
SOLUTIONS", Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 18,
1967, PP 63-72.  AMIC-5708.

Woodhead, P. M. J.
"AN EFFECT OF THYROXINE UPON THE SWIMMING OF COD", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 12, 1970, pp  2337-2338.
AMIC-3825.
                                 25

-------
Worthley, E. G., Schott, C. D.
"THE COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF CS AND VARIOUS POLLUTANTS ON FRESH WATER
PHYTOPLANKTON COLONIES OF WOLFFIA PAPULIFERA THOMPSON", U.S. Department
of the Amy, Biomedical Laboratory, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland,
Technical Report EATR U595, December 1971, P 12.  AMIC-3233-

Young, R. G., St. John, L., Lisk, D. J.
"DEGRADATION OF DDT TVY GOLDFISH", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. U, 1971, PP 351-35^.AMIC-379°.

Zillich, J., Wuerthele, M.
"THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF THE LANSING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT
TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS", Michigan Department of
Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing, Michigan, paper,
January 19-20, 1970, U pp.  AMIC-2899.

Zillich, J., Wuerthele, M.
"THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF THE GRANDVILLE WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT
TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS", Michigan Department of
Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing, Michigan,
Report, November 17-21, 1969, 10 pp.  AMIC-2898.

Zillich, J.
"THE TOXICITY OF THE WYOMING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT TO THE
FATHEAD MINNOW AND THE WHITE SUCKER - JULY 28 - AUGUST 1,  1969", Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing,
Michigan, Paper, 1969, 7 pp.  AMIC-2906.

Zillich, J.
"A BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SIX CHEMICALS USED TO DISPERSE OIL SPILLS",
Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission,
Lansing, Michigan, Paper, April 1969, 12 pp.  AMIC-2909.

Zitko, V., Aiken, D. E., Tibbo, S. N., Besch,  K. W.  T., Anderson, J. M.
"TOXICITY OF YELLOW PHOSPHORUS TO HERRING (CLUPEA HARENGUS), ATLANTIC
SALMON (SALMO SAIAR), LOBSTER (HOMARUS AMERICANUS),  AND BEACH FLEA
(GAMMARUS OCEAN1CUS)", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1970, pp 21-29.AMIC-3817.

Zitko, V.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCB) SOLUBILIZED IN WATER BY NONIONIC
SURFACTANTS FOR STUDIES OF TOXICITY TO AQUATIC ANIMALS", Bulletin of
Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 5,  No. 3, 1970,
pp 279-205.AMIC-23.

Zitko, V.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS AND ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES IN SOME
FRESHWATER AND MARINE FISHES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 1971, pp 464-^70.  AMIC-3715.
                                  26

-------
SECTION VI






APPENDICES

-------
                     Abbreviations for Appendix A
Note:  Names of chemicals atid organisms are as given by the various
       authors.  Readers should search for alternate, common, and/or
       scientific names of both chemical and aquatic species.

(1)  Letters represent:
         B = bioassay, used in combination with S = static,
             CF = continuous flow, A = acute, and CH = chronic.
         L = laboratory bioassay.
       BOD = biochemical oxygen demand.
         F = field study, used in combination with R = river, stream,
             creek, etc., L = pond, M - marine, E = estuarine, and
             0 = other (port facility, flooded area, etc.).
(2)  Field location is indicated by abbreviation of the state or county.
(3)  The number indicates ppm (mg/1), unless otherwise indicated by
     appropriate designations.  The letters within parentheses following
     indicate T = TLm, K = kill, SB = sublethal effects, NTE = no toxic
     effect.  The number following these indicates the time in days
     (unless otherwise noted) at which observations were made.  ECjQ,
     LCjQ, and similar designations for 50 percent lethality were all
     considered as TI^ and designated as such.  The numbers within
     parentheses following these designations indicate the time in days
     when the effect was observed.
(4)  The following indicate (when followed by an asterisk the variable
     was controlled):
         a = water temperature
         b - ambient air temperature
         c = pH
         d = alkalinity (total, phenolphthalein or caustic)
         e = dissolved oxygen
         f = hardness (total, carbonate, Mg, or CaO)
         g = turbidity
         h = oxidation-reduction potential
         i = chloride as Cl
         j = BOD, 5 day; (J) = BOD, short-term
         k = COD
         1 = nitrogen (as N02 or N03)
         m = ammonia nitrogen as NH3
         n = phosphate (total, ortho-, or poly)
         o = solids (total, fixed, volatile, or suspended)
         p = C02
         q = light
         r = flow rate
         s - sound
(5)  Other miscellaneous abbreviations are:
        SM = sterilized media
       SSM = synthetic seawater medium
       NSW = natural seawater
       MSC = maximum safe concentration

The AMIC-xxxx number following each reference is the accession number
which was assigned by the Analytical Methodology Information Center to
facilitate location of original documents.
                                A-l

-------
>
Compound
*BS







ABS






»es



»BS



Acetaldehyd*







•cet aldehyde



»e«t aldehyde

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredlentt Controlled
Orq»nls» Study Location Pp» or Noted Comments
Brachydanlo BSA —
rerlo






Leponls BSA,
•acrochlrus I





Nltzschla BSA, —
llnearls I


Physa BSAt
heterostropha I


Leoomls BSAi —
•acrochlrus I






Nltzschla BSA, —
llnearls I


Crangon BSA
crangon
32 (SB"») a.e, and
synthetic
i4 1 1 11 1 1 nn
a l i u T i on
• ater





17.1. (Tli) a«,e, and
synthetic
d 1 1 ut 1 on
xater




in ITS) a'.e, and
synthetic
dl tut Ion
Hater
3i».2 (Tl>) a'.e, and
synthetic
dilution
Hater
53 
-------
                                                                               water, and
                                                                               dally
                                                                               solution
                                                                               renewal)
         •eetlc acid
                              Leoomls
                              •acrochlrus
BSA,
L
                   75 (TU
>
         Acetic acid
         Acetic acid
                              Nitzschia
                              linear Is
                              Carclnus
                              •aenas
BSA,
L
                                            BSA
                      (T5)
                                                               180 (TZ)
         Acetic acid
                              Crangon
                              crangon
                                            BSA
                   greater than
                   100 (TZ)
a*,e, and          This study Has conducted to
synthetic  determine the re I atIve' toxlclties of ?0
dilution   common constituents of Industrial Hastes
Hater      to a fish, an alqa, and an Invertebrate.
           The experiments Here conducted over a
           10-year period for varied purposes.  The
           authors recommend bloassays with at least
           three components of the food web.
a»,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water
                                   a»(contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, ssa-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                     same as above
                   One hundred-forty surface active
           agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
          .oolychlorlnated blohenyls, oure
           Inorganic, and organic cheiricals were
           evaluated against as many as ten marine
           organisms.  The authors noted that most
           published data of this type deal with
           toxlclty of chemicals to freshnater
           organisms.

                  sane as above
Patrick, et
al (1968),
»HTC-57?0
Patrick, et
a I  (1968),
AMIC-5730
Portaann, «t
al
(1971),AMIC-
7701
Portmann,
al (1971),
AMTC-7701
         Acetone
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteronorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                               It,000 (T?)
                                   a',c,e,f,
                                   hard(HH)
                                   or soft
                                   (SMI
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   Hater, or
                                   seawater
                                   for some
                                   species
                   One hundred sixty-four
           pesticides, netting agents, and
           miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
           Hide range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
           of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
           percentage of alI  components of a
           formulation did not result in easy
           predictability of  the toxicity of a
           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
           pesticides were most toxic in hard Hater
           and sometimes the  opposite Has true.
           Testing the actual material as sold Has
Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-51,25

-------
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredientt Controlled
Compound Organis* Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments

Acvton* lepomls BSAt -- 8,300 (T**> &<*,£., and
macrochlrus I synthetic
dilution
water



Acttone Nltzschla BSA, — 11,1.93 (fit a», e, and
llnearls L synthetic
dilution
Water
Acetone Hercenarla I -- greater than
mercenarla 100.0 (T2)
(eggs)
found to be essential.
This study Has conducted to
determine the relative toxlcltles of ?0
common constituents of Industrial wastes
to a fish, an alga, and an Invertebrate.
10-year period for varied purposes. The
authors recommend bloassays with at least
three components of the food Heb.
same as above



The effect of 5? Dpstlcldes on
embryonic development of cla-ns and
ovstors Has reoortpd. Synprqlstlc
Reference

Patrick, et
al (1968),
AMIC-57?0




PatrlcH, et
al (1168) ,
AMIC-ST?O

0»v 1 s , et
al (1969),
AMIC-S990
Acetone
Acetone
Acetone
Mercenarla
nercenar1 a
(larvae)

Crassostrea
vlralnica
(eggs)

Phomldlun
••blguun
                                                      greater than
                                                      100.0  (T12)
                                                      greater than
                                                      100.0
                                                      0.5-10.0  (NTE)
                                                                                 effects nlth solvents were also reported.
                                                                                  Most of the compounds affected
                                                                                 development more thgn survival.  Some,
                                                                                 however, drastically reduced  larval
                                                                                 groHth.  The authors point out the
                                                                                 necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                                                 pesticides on all life stages of an
                                                                                 oraanlsm and note the possibility of
                                                                                 selecting chemicals  for pest  control  that
                                                                                 would not have serious effect on
                                                                                 shell fish.

                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                         Of 7i» chemicals  evaluated as
                                                                                 alqlcides, only 9  were more  toxic than
                                                                                 CuSOit.  None  inhibited growth  of
                                                                                 nat-forwlnq algae  for more  than  2 weeKs.
                                                                                 Cu^CKt  formulated with certain  wetting
                                                                                 ao^nts xas more toxic than  CuSOU  alone.
Davis, etal
(1989) ,
AMIC-5990

Oavls, et
al (1969),
AMIC-5990
OttO
  »MIC-8«

-------
          Acrlf|«vlne
          (neutral)
Moron*
saxatitls
(f Ingerlings)
              BSA
vn
          Acrlflavlne
                               Trachlnotus
                               carolinus
                               (luvenlle)
                                             BSA
          Aero I* In
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
         Acrrlonltrlie
                               Crangon
                               crsngon
                                             BSA   —
                           Coooer chloramlne was also found to be
                           more toxic thar CuSOi».  No wetting agents
                           were found to be Inhibitory at the
                           concentrations Invest Iqated (0.05 and
                           0.005 ppm).  Also reported are (actors
                           affecting growth of algae In canals to
                           determine whether there were loads to
                           controlling aloae hy environmental
                           management.  No practical environmental
                           means were found.

16.If (Tif)       a,Cid,e,f,         All compounds wore investigated   Wellborn
                p          because of their probable usaqe In        (1971),
                           hatchery production of white bass.        AHIC-5571
                           Compounds that can be used at  recommended
                           concentrations were ftquathol,  Casaron,
                           Undone, and Terramycin concentrate.
                           Those that should not he used  were
                           Acrlflavlne,  flaylusclde. Malachite green
                           oxalate, and Malathlon.

im-118 (T<()     a,c,e,f,l,         In this study of poiioano salinity BIrdsong, et
                and        was controlled at lOi ?0» and  30 pot and  a! (1971),
                sul(ate,    Invest I dated as a variable.  ftcrlflavln,  AMIC-5570
                sodium,     formalin, and potassium permanganate Her*
                calcium,    sIlQhTIv more foxlc at tho highest
                potassium, salinity, while cooper sulfate xas
                maqneslum, sllahtly l
-------
>
o\
Conoound




»c tutol







•c tusol


Actusol


Afl»toxln 01




Agrldlo









Toxlclfy,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organls* Study Location Ppm




Steelh^aiJ BSA — ?it.O IT".)
trout
( ( Ingerl Ings)





Coho salmon BSA Hood Canal, 1.0.0 (K>
(f Inqerl Ings) In Hoodsport,
altu Wash.
Pacific BSA — ?0. 0-1.0.0 (S)
oyster
( 1 arvae)
Brachydanlo — — 1.0 (K)
rerlo (eggs)



Rasbora BCFA — 1.9 «T2)
heteromorpha and
BSA







Fxper 1 men ta 1
Var 1 ab IPS,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
solution
renewal)


—







	


__


a'




a*,c,e, f ,
hard
(HW)or
soft {SHI
syn thet Ic
dl tut Ion
water, or
seawater
for some
species
oraanlsms. The authors noted that dost
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Evaluation of 11 oil dlspersant*
resulted In a ranking for each and a
recommendation for use according to the
ranking. Ranking Has based on toxlclty
and oil dispersal effectiveness. Corexlt
776<» appeared to have the least toxlclty
with fair to good oil dispersion
caoabi 1 1 ty.
same as above


same as above


This fungal toxin was acutely
toxic to Hrachydanlo rerlo embryos and
larvie, especially the latter. The
authors suggest this response as an
easily performed assay tor aflatoxln.
same as above









Reference




Tracy, et
a) (l^&g) .
AMIC-1831.





Tr acey , « t
al (1969) ,
AMIC-393<»
Tracy, et
al (1969),
AMIC-38JI.
AbedUet al
(1968) ,
AHIC-3717


Alabaster,
(1969) .AMIC-
5
-------
Aldrln (C-lt
labelled)
Aldrln  (C-ll>
labelled)
Aldrln (C-K.
labelled)
Aldrln  (C-l*
labelled)
Aldrln CC-1*
labelled)
Aldrln
Aldrln
Aldrln
Aldrln
Aldrln
AI dr 1 n
Aldrln
Hexaqenla
bl llneata
(nymph)

Chlronomus
so.  (larva)
                                   BCF
                                   BCF
Oaohnla maqna BCF
(adult)
Hexagenla
blllneata
(nymph)

Chlronomus
so. (larva)
                     Fish  (not
                     specified!
                     Tctalurus
                     punctatus
                     Wolffla
                     papulifera
                      Anacystls
                      nldulans
                      Agmenellum
                      quadrup-
                      licatura
                      Channa
                      punctata
                      Channa
                      punctata
                                   BCF
                                   BCF
                                   FRLO   Iowa
                                   BSA
                                    BSA
0.7 (residue)   a*
0.5 (residue)    a*
0.0001 (SB3)     a*
0.0001 (SB3)     a*
O.OOOKSB3)      a*
                                 greater than
                                 0.001-0.01 (K)
                                 0.91
                                 (accunulatlont
                                 SB)
                                 1000 (K)
                                                       NTE
                                                       NTE
                Hunter1a
                medium
                diluted
                1:5
                                                                       SM
                                                 a»,e»,r
                                                 SM
                                 0.000166  (K Z   a*,c
                                 hr)
                                 0.000333  (K 30  a',c.
                                 mln)
                                                            food chain.

                                                                   same as above
                                  same as above
                                  same as above
                                  same as above
                                  same as above
                                   Approximate toxlcJtles of
                           numerous pesticides commonly used In
                           Rrltaln wpre summarized.  An excellent
                           brief*  general  discussion of toxlclty
                           testing is also present.
                                          Johnson, et
                                          al  (1471),
                                          AHIC-3820

                                          Johnson, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AMrc-3820

                                          Johnson, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          A1IC-3S70

                                          Johnson., et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AMIC-3920

                                          Johnson.et
                                          a I  (1971),
                                          AMIC-3S30

                                          Maudes! ey-
                                          thomas
                                                                                                                            1056
        Edible flesh of fish collected    Morris, et
from rivers, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs al(1971),
was analyzed.  Fish taken In areas        AMIC-H52
receiving agricultural runoff shoned
highest accumulation, especialIv In
bottom feeding fish.
         All compounds were harmful to    Worthier, •*
duckweed to  some degree.  Decreased       al  (1971),
populations were noted at non-lothal      AMIC-3233
concentrations and  sone compounds
(Mf\lathian and 2,!4--D) caused teratocenic
effects at concentrations as low as 1 ppia.

        Metabolic products of Aldrln,     Batterton,
Dleldrln, and Endrln can be as toxic as   et al (1971),
the parent compounds, as shown by  00     AMIC-Uj.?!
measurement.

       same as above                      Batterton,
                                          et  al
                                          (1971).AHIC-
                                          11.71

        Aldrln was shown to be more toxic Kathur (1969),
than POT, BHC, dleldrln, and llndane.     AMXC-51i22
Behavioral responses prior'to death were
recorded In some detail.
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                     Hathur
                                                                     (1969),AMIC-

-------
>
Compound

Aldrln

Aldrln


Aldrln













Aldrln



Aldrin



* 1 dr 1 n



Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organism Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments

Puntlus BSA — 0.000166 (K 1.5 a",c
sophore hr)
Puntlus BSA — 0.000133 (K 30 a",c
sophore mln)

Chlamydotheca BSCH — 0.00001-0.001
arcuata and (120-1700
A ppbresidue 6<«
»k)










Chlamydotheca BSCH — 0.0015 (Tl)
arcuata and
A

Ulothrlx sp. BSCH — 0. 00001-0. 001
(120-1700 opb
residue 33-<»8
wk>
Tublfex FL Belzonl, 3.0 (KITE)
tublfex and Miss.
BSA


same as above

same as above


The organisms were exposed to
O.ni and 0.1 cpb of the toxicants tor ?5
weeks after which time the amounts added
each week were increased ten-fold over
the Initial amounts. Ulothrlx occurred
spontaneously in the test tanKs. The
results show that chronic accumulations
In Ch 1 am ydo t heca exceeded levels which
were toxic in acute tests. Residues In
Chlamydotheca ranged from 12,000 to
260,000 times greater than the
theoretical concentrations In the watert
those in Ulothrlx were 235-3,000 times
exposure levels.
same as above



same as above



The response of
pesticide-resistant aauatic organisms to
various pesticides was compared to the
resoonse of non-resistant species.
R e f er ence
51.22
Mathur
( 1969) ,AMIC-
Hathur
(1959) ,A1IC-
5
-------
frtdrtn
                     H«re«nari»
                     •ercenarla
                     (eggs)
                                 10.0  (TZ)
Aldrln
Alglstat
Alqlstat
Alglstat
Algistat
Algistat
Alglstat
»lkyl dimethyl
Denzytai»onlua
chloride
                      Hereenarla    L
                      •ercenarla
                      I larvae)
                      Cyprlnus
                      carpio
                      Splroqyra
                                    •      ^^
                      Oselllatorla   L
                      Anabaena
Mlcrocystls   I
Buglena
Phoraldlua    I
amblquun
 O.«.l  CT  12)




 0.66  (K)





 0.8  (K>



 0.66  IK)



 0.66  (K)



0.66 (K)



1.0 (N7E)
 0.9-10.0
 (33percent
 qrowth
 Inhibited !<.)
        Th* effect »1 52 ttestleides on    Davis, et al
embryonic development of clams and        (1969),
oysters was reported.  Synerqlstlc        AMIC-5990
effects with solvents were also reported.
 Host of the compounds affected
development npre than survival.  Sonet
honevert drastically reduced larval
qroHth.  The authors point out the
necessity of evaluatlnq the effects of
pesticides on all life staqes of an
orqanlsn and note the possibility of
selecting chemicals for pest control that
Mould not have serious effect on
shellfish.

       same as above                      Davis, et al

                                          (1969).AMIC-
                                          5990

        The results are described as      Pal, et at
preliminary and the authors state that    (1968),
further testlnq should be conducted       AMIC-">75«»
before Alqlstat is used in hatcheries and
rearinq ponds.
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
      aama as above
                                  same aa  above
Pal, et al
(196BI,
AHIC-S7SI.

Pal, et at
(1968), AHIC-
575*

Pal, et al
(1968) ,
AHIC-575*

Pal, et al
(1968).
        Of 7.  No wetting aqents
Here found to be Inhibitory at the
concentrations Investigated (0.05 and
0..005 ppm).  Also reported are factors
affecting growth of algae in canals to
Pal, et al
11968),
AKIC-575U

Otto (1970),
  AMIC-89Z

-------
Field Field
CoBpound Organism Study Location

Alllden* dlacatate Phormlolun L
amb i guum
Allyl alcohol Hercenarla I
mercenarl a
(eggs)
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppn

0.5-10.0 (NTE)
1.03 C.T2)
Exper Imental
Variables,
Con tro lied
or Noted Comments
determine whether there were leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management. No practical environmental
— same as above
The effect of 52 pesticides on
embryonic development of clams and
oysters was reported. Synerglstlc
effects with solvents were also reported.
Re f er ence

Otto(1970) ,
AMIC-892
Davis, .et al
11969) .AMIC-
5990
Allyl alcohol
Ally! alcohol
Mercensrla
mercenarla
(larvae)

Asterlas
rubens
                                   BSA
less than 0.25
(T12)
                                                       10-33  (T3)
Allyl alcohol
                     Cardlum edule BSA
                                                       greater than
                                                       100  
-------
• lpt»8-«»lno-2.6-
dlchlorobenzal-
doxlne HC1
                     crangon
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                                      100 (T?>
                                 190 (T2)
• lpha-anlno-2,6      Rasbora
dlchlorobenzaldoxlne heteromorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                      1.1.0 (T?)
AI in l«u»
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                                   FM
                    Scattergood  25 (dorsal
                    Steam Plant, muscle
                    Los          residue)
                    Angeles,Cal.
Aluilnua
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                                   FM
                    Catalina     8 (dorsal
                    Island, Cal. muscle
                                 residue)
                                                                      uous aer-
                                                                      ation,  gea-
                                                                      water,  and
                                                                      daily
                                                                      solution
tt»,c,e,f,
hard 
or soft
UW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for aone
species
a«,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilutIon
water,  or
seawater
for some
species
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, nettlnq aqents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
of maqnltude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of alI  components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of  the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the  opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold Mas
found to be essential.

       same as above
                                                                                                      al (1=171),
                                                                                                      AMIC-7701
Alabaster
(1969),
                                          Alabaster
                                          (1969),
                   Fish collected fron an effluent
           pipe of a steam plant and from offshore
           waters of Catalina Island werp analyzed
           for trace element  content.   Trace element
           content of the effluent water was at
           least 5 tlmos qreater than that of normal
           sea water for cadmium, cooper, nicKel,
           zinc, and chromium.   Livers of fish fro»
           the effluent were  nearly twice the size
           of those from the  ocean.  Greatest
           differences In concentration occurred
           with aluminum, cadmium, and nickel.
           Silver, barium, lithium, and lead showed
           the least differences.  The author
           concluded that trace element analysis of
           tissues could be used to determine the
           effect of pollutants on marine organisms.

                  same as above
                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),AHIC-
                                          5980
                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (196.8),

-------
Compound

A 1 UB 1 HUB
A 1 UB 1 nuB
A 1 UB 1 nuB
Aluminum
Alualnum
AlualnuB
A 1 UB 1 nuB
AluBlnuB
AluBlnuB
Aluminum
Orqanlsm

Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
el athratus
Paral ihrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
el athratus
(gravid
females)
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paral abrax
el athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paralabrax
cl athratus
Field
Study

FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FM
FH
FH
FH
FH
Field
Locat Ion

Scat t erqood
Steam Plant,
Los
Angel PS, Cal .
Catal Ina
Island, Cal.
Sea 1 1 erqood
Steam Plant.
Los
Anqel es.Cal .
Catal Ina
Island. Cal.
Catal Ina
Island. Cal.
Scatter good
Steam P 1 ant .
Los
Anqel es.Cal .
Catal Ina
Isl and. Cal .
Scattergood
Steam Plant.
Los
Angeles. Cal .
Catal Ina
Island. Cal.
Scatterqood
Steam Plant,
Los
Toxlclty, Experimental
Aetlv* Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted

Z5 (ventral
muscle
residue)
8 (ventral —
muse 1 e
residue)
?8 (gonads --
resl due)
38
(gonads
residue)
2? (gonads
residue)
78 (liver
residue)
( 1 Iver
residue)
69 (Integument — -
residue)
( Integument
residue)
16 (heart
residue)
Comments

same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Same as above
Reference
ANIC-S9BO
S t ap 1 eton
(1968) ,
•MIC-S980
S taol eton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
S taol eton
( 1968) ,
AMIC-S980
S t a o 1 e t on
(1968).
AMIC-S980
Staol eton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
S t a o 1 e t on
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
Staol eton
(1968),
AMTC-S980
Staoleton
(1968) ,
»MIC-"980
Staoleton
(1968) ,
4MIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-S980

-------
                                         Angeles,Cal.
AIu«Inun
Alualnu*
Aiinotrlazol*
»BltPOl-T
••ltrol-T
Aaltrol-T
Aaltrol-T
                     Paratabrax
                     clathratus
                                   FM
                     Paralahrax    FH
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Fish (not
                     specified)
                     Grassestr«a
                     virglniea
                     (eggs)
Crassostrea
ylrglnlca
(Iarvae)

Ganmarus
fasclatus
                     Paleonontes
                     KadlaKensls
                                   FN
                    Catalina
                    Island, Cal.
                    Scattergood
                    Steam Plant,
                    Los
                    Angeles,Cal .

                    Cataltna
                    Island, Cal.

                                   8S»   ~
                                   BSA
1.
(heart
residua)

33 (eyeball
residue)
3Z pesticides on
embryonic development  of clams and
oysters Has reported.   Synerqistlc
effects nlth solvents  Here also reported.
 Most of the compounds affected
development more than  survival.  Some,
however, drastically reduced larval
qrowth.  The authors point out the
necessity of evaluatinq the effects of
pesticides on all  life stages of an
orqanlstr and note  the  possibility of
selecting chemicals for pest control that
Hould not have serious effect on
shell fish.

       same as above
                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-^SO

                                          Staoleton
                                          (196S),
                                          AHIC-5980
                                          Staoleton
                                          (1969),
                                          AMIC-5980

                                          Mawrtesley-
                                          Thonas
                                          (1971),»«IC-
                                          1056
                                                                     Davis, et
                                                                     al(1969).
                                                                     AMIC-S990
        Of the aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Olclone was the most toxic,
Oaohnla was generally the most sensitive
organism.  AlI of the Crustacea Here
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than Indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
represent Important food chain links.

       same as above
                                                                     Davis, etal
                                                                     (1969),
                                                                     AMIC-S990

                                                                     Sanders
                                                                       (1970),AMI
                                                                     U53
                                                                     Sanders
                                                                     (1970),AHIC-
                                                                     1.53

-------
>
Compound
••Itrol-T
Amitrol-T
Amltrol-T
Amltrol-T
Amltrol-T
Amltrol
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Asellus BSA
brev Icaudus
Orconectes BSA
nals
Daphnla naqna BSA —
Cyprldopsls BSA
vldua
tenon Is RSA —
macrochlrus
Crassostrea I —
vlrqlnlca
(eqqs)
Toxlclty,
Active
Tnqredlent,
Ppm
qreater than
100.0 IT2)
qreater than
100.0 (T2)
30.0 (T2)
32.0 (T2)
qreater than
100.0 (T2)
733.7 (T2)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
The effect of 52 pesticides on
eirbryonlc development of clams and
oysters was reported. Synerqlstlc
effects with solvents were also reported.
9ef erence
Sanders
(1970) .AMIC-
1.53
Sanders
(1970) .AMIC-
Sanders
(1970) ,
Sanders
(1970) ,
AMIC-1.53
Sanders
(1970) ,«MIC-
1.53
Davis, et al
(1969) .AMIC-
5990
        Aaitrol
                             Crassostrea
                             vlrglnlca
                             (Iarvacl
        Ammonia  (plus  phenol  Salmo          8SA
        and zinc)             galrdnerl
                           Most  of  the compounds at fpcted
                           developtrent mere  than survival.  Some,
                           nonever,  drastically reduced  larval
                           groHth.   The authors point  out  the
                           necessity of evaluating  the effects ot
                           pesticides on  all  life staqes of an
                           organism  and note  the possibility of
                           selecting chemicals  for  pest  control  that
                           Mould  not have serious effect on
                           shell fish.
255.1. (Tm)      —•                same  as nbove                      Davis, et al

                                                                     (1969)tA«1IC-
                                                                     5990

0.5-2.51. (T?)    a,c*,d,e",          Palnbox trout  Here exposed to     8ro«n, et 11
                f,»        concentrations of fluctuating levels of   (1969)«
                           amTionla,  phenol,  and zinc and to constant AMIC-5993
                           mixtures  of  the three*   Tests with
                           fluctuating  levels of  toxicants showed
                           that LC50 values  were  similar to those
                           for constant  concentrations as long as
                           the periodicity of the fluctuation did
                           not exceed the resistance time for the
                           poison.  Except when zinc predominated In
                           the mixtures,  the fractional  toxlcltles
                           could be summed to give The toxlclty of
                           the mixture.

-------
AnBonla
A«onla
                     Salno          BSA
                     qalrdnerl
                      Sal mo
                      galrdnerl
                                    BSA
 Anmonlum carbonate   Phorraldium    L
 plus Copper aulfate
 Aomonlum chloride
 plus Copper sulfate
 (liZ)
 Fhormldiua
 ambiguum
                                 33.5-67.5       a,c»,d,e*
                                 (fluctuating    1,n
                                 cone, T 370-
                                 greaterthan 700
                                 inln)

                                 25
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (1969),
                                                     AMIC-51.35
Anonlun sultanate   Rasbora
                                                      3,200  (Tl, pH   a'.c.e.t,
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                            Alabaster

-------
Field Field
Compound Organism Study Location
he teroii»orpha and
RSA







Aaaonlu* sulfanate Rasbora QCFA —
he t eromorpha and
BSA







A«onlu« sulfanate Rashora BCFA
heteronorpha and
8SA







Auoniu* (as NH3) Leoomls BSA, —
•acrochlrus L






A«»onlu« (as NH3) Nltzschla BSA, —
llnearls I


Toxiclty, Exnprlmental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
5.7) hard 
-------
Ammonium (as NH1)
Amohenone B
AntlBony
Antimony
Antimony
Antimony
Antimony
Antimony
Antimony
Antlmycln  A
                     Physa         8SA,
                     heterostrooha L
                     Lymnaea
                     staqnal Is
                     (adults)
90.0 (T<>)
10.0 (SB7)
a«, e,. and
synthetic
dilution
water

a»,q
                     Coregonus     FL    Moose Lake,  0.002
                     clupeaformls        Can.         (residue)
Coregonus
cluoeaformls
Esox luelus
Esox luelus
Esox luelus
Osmerus
fflordax
Perca
f lavescens
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
Lake
Ontario,
Can.
Moose Lake,
Can.
Lake St.
Pierre, Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
0.003
(residue)
0.003
(residue)
0.00t»
(residue)
0.00".
(residue)
0.00
-------
Compound Organism

Antjaycln A Amla cafva
AntloycInA Sa 1 mo
galrdnerl
Antlnvcln A Sa 1 nt o t r*u T t a
>
i
I—1 Antlnycln A Salvellnus
03 Tontlnalls
Antlnycln 1 Salvellnus
namaycush
Anflaycln A Esox luelus
Antl«ycln A Carasslus
auratus
Flel d Field
Study Locat Ion

DSA, —
FO
BSA. —
FO
P ^ •
FO
BSA, —
FO
BSA, —
FO
RSA, --
FO
BSA, —
FO
Toxlcl ty,
Active
Inqred len t ,
Ppm

0.015 (60
Dercent K".l
0.0 000 3-0. 00 00 8
(Tli)
OaOO? (K3)
D. 00003-0. 00006
(Tl,)
0.00007 (Tl.)
0. 00011-0. 00055
(Tl,)
0.00070-0.001
(Tfc)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
succumbed to 0
toxlcantl only
0.0?5 ppm.
a,c,e,f,c, same as
doionized
water
a,o,o,r,c, same as
doionized
water
a,Ctetf,Q, same as
delonlzed
water
a,c,e,f,g, same as
deionizecl
water
a,c,e,f,q, same as
delonlzed
water
a,c, e, ( ,q, same as
delonlzed
Mater
tt»c,e,f,g, same as
deionized
water
Comments
.005 opm or less of the
certain catflshes survived
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
R eT er ence

Berqer, et
f\ (iqf.9) ,
AMIC-^l.95
Berqer, et
a 1 M96>4) .
AMIC-51.95
(1969) ,
AHIC-51.95
Berqer, et
at (1969),
AMIC-51,95
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-"^1;
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-5i.qS
Berqer, et
al (1969).
AHIC-5it95
Antl«ycln A
                     Chrosonus eos BSA,
                                                      0.00009-0.00052 a,c,e,f,q,
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Berjer,  «t

-------
Antlnycln A
Leoonls
glbbosus
BSA,
FO
0.00005-0.00021. a,C,e,f,E,
                deionized
                water
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Berger, et
                                                                     a I  (1969).
                                                                     A«IC-5ii9S
Antlnyeln A
Leoomls       BSA.
•acrochlrus   FO
                   0.00006-0.0005   a,C,e,f,3,
                                    deionized
                                    wator
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                       Bergert et
                                                                                                       al (1969).
Antlnycln A
Antlnycln A
Antlnycln  A
Leoomls
negalotls
BSA,
FO
Leoonls        BSA,
•icroloohus    FO
 Hlcpooterus    BSA,
 dolonleul      FO
0.00008 (T<«)     a,c,e,f,g,
                deionized
                nater

0.00009 (T<>)     a,c,e,f,q,
                deionized
                nater

0.0000<»-0.0000e a,c,e,f,g,
(Ti.)            dilution
                water
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Berqer, et
                                                                      al  (1969),
                                                                      AMIC-5V95

                                                                      Berger, et
                                                                      al  (1969),
                                                                      AMIC-5ii95

                                                                      Berqer, et
                                                                      al  (1969).
                                                                      AHIC-5A95
 Antlaycln A
 Mlcrooterus   BSA,
 salmoldes     FO
                    0.00009-0.OOOli, a,c,e,f,s,
                                    deionized
                                    water
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Berqer, et
                                                                      al  (1969).
                                                                      AMIC-SI.9S
 Antlaycln A
 Antlcycln A
 Pomoxls
 nlgro-
 maculatus
                                    BSA,  —
 Perca         BS»,
 Tlavescens    FO
                    0.001 (<>3
                    percent K)
                 a,c,e,f,G,
                 deionized
                 water
                    o.00003-0.oooiz  a,c,o,r,e,
                                     doionized
                                     wator
                                                                                          same  as above
                                                                                          same as above
                                                                      Berger, et
                                                                      al (1969),
                                                                      AMIC-5«i9S
                                                                                                        Berqer, et
                                                                                                        al (1959),
 Antlaveln A
 Stlzostedlon  BSA,
 vltreum       FO
                     0.00002-0.OOOOit  a,c,e,f,g,
                     «Ti.)             dilution
                                     water
                                                                                          same as above
                                                                                                        Berqer, et
                                                                                                        a I  (1969).
 Antlaycln  A
 Antlaycln A
  Aplodlnotus    BSA,
  grunnlens      FO
 Cyprlnus
 earplo
 BSA,
 FO
                     0.00002-0.0001". a,c,e,f,C,
                     (Tl»)             deionized
                                     water
 0.00012-0.000<»3  a,o,o,f,g,
 (T<>)             deionized
                  water
                                                                                          same as above
                                                                                          sane as above
                                                                       Berger, et
                                                                       al (1969).
                                                                       AHIC-51.95
                                                                      Berger,  et
                                                                      a I  (1969).
                                                                      AMIC-5W95

-------
Compound
AntlB/cln A


Antlaycln A


Antlaycln A

Antlayeln A
1 Aritlvycin A
IV)
O
Antl»ycln A

Antl»ycln A


Antlaycln A


Antlaycln A


Antlcycln A


Antl«rcln A


Orqanlsn
Plirieohales
prone 1 as

Carplodos
cyorlnus

Catostomus
conmersonl
Ic 1 1 obus
cypr Inel lus
Ml ny tr ena
•e 1 anops
Ic t a 1 urus
catus
Ic talurus
•el as

Ic t al urus
punc t a tus

PI lodlctls
01 Ivarls

Eucalla
inconstans

Leoonls
cyanel lus

Field Field
Study Location
BSA, --
FO

BSA, —
FO

BSA, —
FO
BSAt ——
FO
BSAt
FO
BSAt — ~
FO
BSA, —
FO

BSAt —
FO

BSAt —
FO

BSAt —
FO

BSA, —
FO

Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
0.00006-0.00020
(Tl,)

0.003 m


0.005 IK".)

0.005 (Kii)
0.002 (K)
0.? (Kit)

0.021-0.088
(Tit)

0.0052-0.0105
(Tli)

0.? (>«•)


O.OOOOI.-0. 00055
(Tl»)

0.00011-0.0005
(T

Fxoer 1 men tal
Var 1 ab les.
Control 1 ed
or Noted
a,c, a,f ,2,
doionlzed
water
a.c,e,r,q.
delonlzed
water
a,c >e, f ,9,
del onl zed
water
del onlzed
water
del onlzed
water
delonlzed
water
a,c,e, f ,9,
delonl zed
water
a,c,e,f,g,
dilution
water
a,c,e,T,g,
delonlzed
water
aiC,e,f,c,
delonlzed
water
a,c,e,r,6,
deionlzed
water
Comments
same as above


same as abova


same as above

same as abovo
same as abovo
same as above

same as above


same as above


same as above


sane as above


sane as above


Reference
Berqer, et
al (1969) ,
ANIC-51.95
Perqer, et
al (19*9),
AMIC-51.95
Berqer, et
s \ (19(>9) ,
Ber qer , e t
a 1 (1969),
B er qer , e t a 1
(1969) ,
AMIC-51.91;
B cr QCP * f T
al (1969),
AMIC-51.91;
Berqer, et
al (1959),
AMIC-51.95
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-5U95
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-51.95
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-51.95
Berqer, et
al (1969),
AMIC-51.95

-------
                                   FO
                                                                      delonized
                                                                      water
                                                                                                                           al  (19691.
Antliycln A
Antlayeln A
AntlBvcln A
                     Sal >o
                     galrdnerl
                     Leponls       L     —
                     •acrochlrus
0.00003 mi
                                                      0.00016 mi
Sal BO clarm  FL    Copper Lake, 0.005 (K)
                    Idaho
Antlaycin A
                     Salno
                     galrdnerl
                                   BSA
                                                      0.00005 (Tit)     a*
Antl.ycln A
Antlaycln A
Aphltox
                     letalurus
                     punctatus
                     Lepomls
                     •acrochlrus
                                   BSA   —
                                   BSA
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteronorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                      0.011.7
                                                      0.0001«AHIC-
                           nlxed and furthermore  appeared to have an 57?S
                           additive effect  In cmblnatlon.  That Is
                           both compounds were  more  toxic In the
                           presence of  the  other  than alone.
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                      a.Cid.e            Rapid fish Kill  occurred  In  a
                                                                                 ollgotrophlc  situation and toxlclty
                                                                                 persisted  for at  least 10  days  tot lowing
                                                                                 application.   Plankton Has also reduced.
                                                                                 Later  the  lake Has successfully stocked
                                                                                 nlth cutthroat trout.   The rapidity  of
                                                                                 hill and persistence  Indicated  that  the
                                                                                 AntlTiycln  concentration was hlqher than
                                                                                 necp^sary.  The authors recommended
                                                                                 further research.
                                   The  dyes  Rhodamtne  B  and
                           Fluoresceln  sodium  Here  found to be
                           relatively non-toxic  In  ppm
                           concentrations Hhlle  antlmycln Has toxic
                           at  ppb  levels.  The author  states that
                           neither  dye  at field  use concentrations
                           should significantly  Influence the
                           activity of  Antlmycln  A  aqalnst fish.

                                 same  as above
                                                                      a*                same as above
                                                                     Hox I and
                                                                     (1969).
                                                                     AMIC-57Z5

                                                                     Rabe,  et at
                                                                     (19691,
                                                                     AMIC-5732
               ao,c,e,f,           One  hundred sixty-tour
               hard  (HW)   pesticides,  Hettlnq aoents,  and
               or  soft     miscellaneous  Hater pollutants shoned  a
               (SW)  ayn-   wide  range of  toxlclty scanning  12  orders
               thotic      of  magnitude.  Knowing the  toxlclty and
               water, or   percentage of  all components of  a
               aoawator    formulation  did  not result  in easy
               for some    predictability of the toxlclty of a
               apeclea     mixture  of materials.  Sometines
                                                                                                        Marking
                                                                                                      (1969).
                                                                                                      AMIC-57J9
                                                                                                     Marking
                                                                                                     (1969),
                                                                                                     •NIC-5729

                                                                                                     Harking
                                                                                                     (1969),
                                                                                                     AHIC-5729

                                                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                                                     (1969),
                                                                                                     ANIC-S«5

-------
no
ro
Compound




«HU*cl«n* 100






Ao.uecl«ne 100


Aquiclen* 100


»ou«cl«n«








Aquae lent






Aquathol

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organic* Study Location Pom or Noted Comments




Plmephnlvs BSA
pronel as





Plfflephales RSA
prone 1 as

Blochenlcal I --
oxygen denand

Cardlum edule BSA








Crangon BSA —
cr angon





Morone BSA —
saxatllis
species



25.0 (T>i) c.d.e.f






 a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
710 (U> a,c,d,e,r.
c
pesticides were most toxic In hard Nater
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
tound to be essential.
Toxlclty of six oil spl 1 1
dlsoersants Has determined along with
BOO values. Pond water was used as
diluent and oil was Included In the
experiment. Oil markedly reduced
toxlclty of all dlsoersants. Data are
qlven as "most probable" "56-hr TL sub m.
same as above


same as above


One hundred-Tor ty surface active
aaents. solvent emulsltlers, pesticides.
po 1 yen 1 or 1 na t ed blohenyls, pure
Inorqanlc, and organic chenlcals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
same as above






All compounds were Investigated
because of their probable usage In
S«f erence




Zll 1 Ich
(19S9) , AMIC-
?909




71 1 1 Ich
(1969) .AW.IC-
2909
71 1 llch
(1969) .AHIC-
2909
Portmann, «t
al (1971),
AHIC-7701






Por t minn, e t
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Wellborn
(197D,
                                 (finger!Ingst
hatchery production of white bass.        AMIC-5571
Comoounds that can be used at recommended
concentrations were Aquathol, Casaron,
Llndane, and Terramycln concentrate.
Those that should not he used were
Acrlflavlne, Bayluscide, Malachite green
oxalate, and Halathlon.

-------
AQ
                     Nereis vlrens BSA
                                                       0.00011-0.000l»<>  a»,c,e,
                                                       (TO             and
                                                                       synthetic
                                                                       seawater
Arkotlrw DOT
                      Fundulus       BSA
                      heteroclltus
                      Rasbora       BCFA
                      heferonorpha   and
                                    BSA
                                                       0.0003Z-0.00035  a'.c.e.and
                                                       (Tit)             synthetic
                                                                       seawater
                                                                                         A  laboratory procedure based  on
                                                                                 Standard Methods  for 96-hr  toxlclty
                                                                                 determinations of crude oil  and
                                                                                 oll-dlsperssnt mixtures Has  described.
                                                                                 The dlsoersants varied considerably  In
                                                                                 toxlcltyi ranging from 0.01  to 7.1 ml/1,
                                                                                 T150 for 96 hr.   These did not differ
                                                                                 significantly from 2
-------
>
ro
Field Field
Compound Organism Study Location


Aroclor !?!,( Agonus BSA — •
eataphractus





Aroclor 121.8 Cardlua edule BSA —






Aroelor 12
-------
Aroclor 125"» (with   Gammarus
corexlt 766i»,        oceanlcus
emulsion)
           Aroclor 1351.
ra
V/l
           »roclor
           •roc lor 125<»
           •roctor
           Aroclor l?Si>
           •roctor 135«>
           Aroclor
           Aroclor
                                Laqodon
                                rhomboIdes
                                (luvenlle)
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthurus
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthurus
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthurus
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthuPus
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthupus
                                Lelostonius
                                xan thupus
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthurus
                                              BSA
                                              BCFCH —
                                              BCFCH «
                                              BCFCH —
                                              8CFCH —
                                              BCFCH —
                                              BCFCH —
                                              BCFCH —
                                              BCFCH —
                                                                 0.01-0.10(thres a* (weeKly
                                                                 hold            solution
                                                                 concentration)  change,
                                                                                 seawateP >
                                                                                            sublethal bPnchlal edema at
                                                                                            concentPations doxn to D.19 DDI".  The
                                                                                            author notes a oosslble synerqlstlc
                                                                                            effect between the two compounds.

                                                                                                   same as above
                   0.005 (K
                   K.-15)
                   0.005 (K
                   H.-15)
                                                                 o.ooi
                                   salInlty
                                                                                 salInlty
                                   a.
                                   salInlty
                   0.001 (8.3 ppm  a,
                   brain residue   salinity
                   56 d)

                   n.OOt (>>6 ppm   a,
                   qllls Pesldue   salinity
                   56 d)

                   0.001 (13 Dom   a,
                   heart Pesldue   salinity
                   56 dl

                   0.001 (83 pom   a,
                   liver pesldue   salinity
                   56 d)

                   0.001 (65 Dpm   a,
                   muscle residue  salinity
                   56 d)
                                                                                         Exposure of spot and plntlsh to
                                                                                 this PCB Incpeased susceptibility to
                                                                                 disease as Hell as being toxic at .005
                                                                                 PDm.  The compound was papidly stOPed In
                                                                                 tlssuesi pePslstlng fOP aoppoxlmately 3
                                                                                 mo.  The authops recommended fupthep
                                                                                 chponlc exposure studies.

                                                                                        same as above
                                                     same as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                        Wlldlsh
                                                                                        (1970).
                                                                                        AMIC-69
                                          Hansent et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AHIC-1811
                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           ftMIC-lSll

                                                                                                                           Hansen,et at
                                                                                                                           (1971) ,
                                                                                                                           HMIC-1S11

                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           81  (1971),
                                                                                                                           &1IC-1811

                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           AMIC-1811

                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           AHTC-1811

                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           AHIC-1811

                                                                                                                           Hansen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           AHIC-1811
           APOCloP 125<>
           APOCloP l?5«t
                                Lelostomus
                                xanthurus
                                Penaeus
                                duoraPu»
                                              BCFCH —
L
(ACF)
                                                      0.001 (27 ppm   a,
                                                      whole Body      salInlty
                                                      pesldue 56 d)

                                                      1.0 ppb(K15,    a»
                                                      Juvenl le)
                                                                                                   same as above
        In addition to mortality,
APochloP accumulation In shrimp
Hansen, et
al (1971),
AHIC-1811

Hlmmo, at al
(1971),

-------
   Co«oound
                                    Field   Field
                        Organism     Study  Location
                                                               Toxlclty.
                                                               Active
                                                               Inqredlentt
                                                                 Ppm
                ExperImenta!
                Variables,
                Control led
                or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                                    Ret erence
                      (fuvenlle)
 Aroclor
                      Agonus         BSA
                      ca t aphrac tus
>

ON
Aroclor
                      Cardlun  edule  BSA
                                                                                          heo*topancreas was marked  (up to 510
                                                                                          PPM).  The biological halt-lite tor this
                                                                                          chemical was  found to he 17 days with
                                                                                          tissue distribution  In the shrimp being
                                                                                          similar to that of ODT.  Delayed
                                                                                          mortality with no prior poisoning
                                                                                          symptoms was  also observed.  Considerable
                                                                                          additional data are  presented.

                                                               greater than 10 a«(contin-         One hundred-forty  surface active
                                                               (T2)            UOU3 aar-  aqents, solvent emulsltlers. Pesticides,
                                                                               ation, sea-poIychI or 1nated blphenyls, pure
                                                                               water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                                                                               da.'ly      evaluated against as many  as ten marine
                                                                               aolution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                                                                               renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                                                                          toxlclty of chemicals to treshwater
                                                                                          organ Isms.

                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                                             AHIC-Z61.5
greater than 10  a«(contln_
                 uous  aer-
                 ation,  sea-
                 water,  and
                 dally
                 solution
                 renewal)
                                                                     Portmann,  «t
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
                                                                                                                            Portmann, «t
                                                                                                                            al (1971),
                                                                                                                            AHIC-7701
»roclor
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                   8SA
                                                       3-10
                a«(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation,  aea-
                watcr,  and
                daily
                aolution
                renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                                     Portmann,  at
                                                                                                                                     al
                                                                                                                                     (1971),AMIC-
                                                                                                                                     7701
ArocloP
                     Parallchthys
                     so.
                                   FM
                                                  Escanbla
                                                  Bay, Fla.
»..5-181,
(residue)
        Pesldue analysis of dead  and
dying animals led to the source of  the
PCB which was an accidental leakage  from
an Industrial clant.  The concentrations
of the PCR In water and sediment  were
less than 0.03-i»86 and  less than  0.001
ppm, respectively.  Bioassavs  showed
Juvenile shrimp to be the most
susceptible  species, but Inhibition  of
shell growth of oysters Mas the most
sensitive parameter studied.   Continued
surveillance and long-term  testing  at
subletral concentrations Mere  pointed  out
as urgently  needed.
Duke, et al
 (1970) ,
AMIC-730

-------
kroclor
»PoclOP 125i>
Apoclop 125*
Apoclop
ArocloP
APOCIOP 125<.
APOCIOP 125,
AMIC-720

Duke, et
ALU970),
AHIC-720

Duke, et at
(1970),AHIC-
720

OuKe, et at
(1970) ,
AMIC-720

Duke, et
ALI197D),
AMIC-720

Duke, et a I
(1970) ,
AMIC-720

Duke, et
AL(1?70),
AMIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970) ,
AHIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970),
AMIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970),

-------
ro
CD
Compound
Aroclor 1251.


Aroclor 125"»


Aroclor 125<,


Aroclor 1260








Aroclor 1260






Aroclor 1260






Aroclor 1262



Field Field
Organisn Study Location
Calllnectes F» Escambla
sapldus Bay, Fla.

Laqodon BSA —
rhomboldes
(Juvenile)
Penaeus BSA —
duorarum
(|uvenll«)
Aqonus BSA
cataphractus







Cardlun edule BSA —






Crangon BSA ~
crangon





Agonus BSA
cataphractus


Toxlclty, Experlmenta
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted
1.0-7.0
(residue)

0.1 (NTE)


0.01 (K2>


less than 10 a»( contln-

-------
Aroclor 1362
                     Cardlum edule BSA
                                                      less than 10
                                                      
                             a«(contin-
                             uous aer-
                             ation,  sea-
                             water,  and
                             daily
                             solution
                             renewal)
                                                                                        sane as above
Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
                     Alosa
                     pgeudo-
                     harengua
                                   FL
                     Coregonus     FL
                     irtedll
                     Coregonus     FL
                     clupeafornls
                     Coreqonus     FL
                     hovl
Prosoplun     FL
cvlIndraceun
                    Great  Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie
                                                      0.023(resldue)  —
                                                      0.069(resldue)
                                                      O.OlMresldue)  —
                    Great Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie

                    Great Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie
Great Lakes  0.063(residue)
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes  0.0056(residue)
- Superior,
                                                Trace  element content  of  fish
                                        from  Lakes  Superior, Michigan,  and  Erie
                                        Has determined by  activation analysis.
                                        Whole body  and liver residues  were
                                        determined.  Concentrations varied  with
                                        species  and  lake.   Other  elements found
                                        Heret  antimony -  5 to  100 ppb, barium -
                                        0.2 opm,  cesium -  3 ppb,  lanthanum  -  1 to
                                        20 ppb,  mercury -  10 opb, rhenium - 0.5
                                        to 5  ppb, rubidium - 0.06 to 6 ppn,
                                        scandium  -  2 ppb,  selenium - 0.1  to 2
                                        ppb,  silver -  0*001 ppb.

                                              same as above
Lucas, et al
(1970),
 AMIC-3778
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                  Lucas,  et  al
                                                                                  (1970),
                                                                                  AMIC-3778
                                                                                  Lucas,  et  al
                                                                                  (1970),
                                                                                  AMIC-3778
                                                                                                      Lucas,  et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AHIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),

-------
Compound

Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Organism

Sa 1 vel Inus
nanaycush
Osmerus
mordax
Car ass 1 us
aura tus
Notropls
hudson 1 us
Pereoosls
onlscomaycus
Roccus
chrysoos
Perca
M avescens
St Izostedlon
vl treum
vl treum
Coregonus
cluoeaf orals
Field
Study

FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Ingredient, Controlled
Location Pom or Noted Comments
Mlchl qan,
and Erie
Grpat LaKes 0. OU9 (residue) — same as above
- Superior,
Mlchl qan,
and Erie
Great LaKes 0. 020 (residue) -- same as above
- Sup er lor ,
Mlchl qan, and
Erie
Great LaKes 0. 006 (residue) — same as above
- Superior,
Mlchl qan,
and Erie
Great LaKes 0. 0035 (residue) -- same as above
- Superior,
Mlchl qan,
and Erie
Great LaKes 0 . 025 (res 1 due) — same as above
- Superior,
Mlchl gan,
and Erie
Great LaKes 0 . 098 (residue) -- same as above
- Superior,
Mlchl gan, and
Erie
Great LaKes 0. 007 (residue) ~ same as above
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
Great LaKes 0.098 (residue) -- same as above
- Superior,
Hlchl qan,
and Erie
Moose Lake, 0.09 (residue) — Concentrations of 13 toxic
Can. elements In dressed fish from heavily
Industrialized and non- Industrial Ized
Reference
AHTC-377H
Lucas , et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
L ucas , et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AHIC-3778
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-377S
Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778
Uthe,et al
(1971) ,
AMIC-3819


al
at
al
al
a 1
al
al
al


-------
UJ
          Arsenic
          Arsenic
          Arsenic
          Arsenic
          Arsenic
          Arsenic
          Asulua (K salt)
                               Coregonus     FL
                               clupeaformls
                               Esox  luclus   FL
                               Esox  luclus   FL
                               Esox  luclus   FL
                               Osmerus
                               •ordax
                                             FL
Perca         FL
flavescens
                               Rasbora       8CFA
                               heteromorpha  and
                                             BSA
                    Lake
                    Ontario,
                    Can.

                    Moose Lake,
                    Can.
                                                   Lake St.
                                                   Pierre. Can.
                                                   Lake Erie,
                                                   Can.
                    Lake Erie,
                    Can.
                                                   Lake Erie,
                                                   Can.
                                 0.7 (residue)
                                                                0.0?  (residue)
                                                                0.09  (residue)  —
                                                                 0.0?  (residue)
                                 0.1? (residue)   —
                                                                0.0?  (residue)  —
                                 ?,260 (Tl,
                                 harduster)
          Asulu* (K salt)
                               Rasbora       DCFA  —-
                               heteromorpha  and
                                             BSA
                                 1,700 (Tl,
                                 sottwater)
a*,e,e, f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dl lutlon
water, or
seaHater
tor some
soecles
a",c,e,t,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
d 11 u 11 on
water, or
seaHater
                                                            areas Here determined.  Only mercury
                                                            exceeded regulatory limits, and
                                                            concentrations ot most elements Here
                                                            essentially the same In fish from both
                                                            areas.

                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                   seme as above
                                                                                                  same as above
        One hundred sixty—four
pesticides* wsttlnq agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range o( toxlclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude*  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials*  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the opposite Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.

       sane as above
Uthe, etal
(1971),
AMIC-3819

Uthe, et al
(1971),AMIC-
3819

Uthe, e.t
AL(1971),
»MIC-3819

Uthe, et al
(19711,AHIC-
3819

Uthe, et al
(1971).ftMIC-
3819

Uthe, et
AL(197l),
AHIC-3819

Alabaster(19
69) ,
AMIC-5',2?
                                          Alabaster(19
                                          69),
                                          AHIC-5->2?

-------
 I
UJ
 ro
To«lclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organism Study Location Pom or Noted Comments
for some
soec les
Asuntol (sh««o dlo) Rasbor» 8CFA — 0.0T2) a»(contln- same as above
vonfagul uous aer-
ation, see-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
Reference


A 1 abaster ,
(1969) ,AHIC-
51.25







Portmann, et
al
(1971) ,»MIC-
7 /Q 1





Portnann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Portaann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




           •tlavar
Rasbora       BCFA
heteroworpha  and
              BSA
1,300 (T2)       a*,c,e,f,           One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                hard (HW;   pesticides,  wetting agents,  and            (1969),
                or sort    miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-S
-------
           Atrvzlne
                                Carclous
                                •aenas
                                              BSA    ~
                   greater than
                   100 (TZ)
          Atrazlne
                                Cardlum  edule  BSA
                                                                 greater  than
                                                                 100  (TZ)
 I
(jO
O)
 thetlc     oT  magnitude.   Knowing the toxlclty and
 dilution   percentage  of  all  conoonents of  a
 water, or  formulation did not  result In easy
 seawater   predictability of  the  toxlclty of a
 for some   mixture  of  materials.   Sometimes
 species    pesticides  were most toxic In hard water
            and sometimes  the  opposite Has true.
            Testing  the actual material  as sold Has
            found  to be essential.

ft*(contin-          One hundred-forty  surface active  Portmann,  et
UOU3 aer-   agentsf  solvent emulslflers< pesticides,  at  (1971),
ation, sea- Polychlorlnated blphenyls,  pure            AMIC-7701
water, and  Inorganic,  and organic  cheirlcals Here
                                                                                daily
                                                                                ooluWon
                                                                                renewal)
                                   a»tcontin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation,  sea-
                                   water,  and
                                   dally
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                              evaluated against as many as ten narlne
                                              organisms*   The authors noted that Host
                                              published data of this type deal  xlth
                                              toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                                              organisms.

                                                     sane  as above
                                                      PortBsnn,  et
                                                      al  (1971),
                                                      AMIC-7701
           Atrazlne
                                Crangon
                                crangon
                                              BSA
                                                                 10-33  (T2>
                                   a«(contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation,  sea.
                                   water,  and
                                   i^ily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                      Portmann,  «t
                                                      al  (1971),
                                                      AMIC-7701
          Avadex BU
                                Rasbora
                                heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                                 6  (TZ)
 a»,c,e,f,           One hundred sixty-four
 hard (HW)   P<*stlcldcsi Hettlnn aqents,  nnd
 or soft     miscellaneous  Hater oollutants shoxed  a
 (3W)  ayn-   "Me range of  toxlclty soannlnq  12  orders
 thetic      of  magnitude.  Knowing the  toxlclty and
 dilution    percentage of  all components of  a
 water, or   formulation did not result  In easy
 aeawater    predictability of the  toxlclty of a
 for  some    mixture  of materials.  Sometimes
 species     pesticides were most  toxic  in hard  water
            and sometimes  the opposite  was true.
            Testing  the actual material  as sold was
            found  to be essential.
Alabaster
(1969).
AHIC-51.25

-------
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism Study Location Pom
«v«d«x Rasbora BCFA — 8.2  synrhe
tic
dl lut Ion
Hater, or
seaioter
for some
species
— Approxlmatetoxlcltlpsof
nuTiprous pesticides commonly used In
flrl'talr Here summarized. An excellent
brief, general discussion of toxlclty
testing Is * 1 so present.
Pef erer.ce
Al abaster
(1969) ,
AMIC-SI^S







Mawrtes 1 ev-
Thomas(19ri)
AMIC-1056


>

-p-
»zlnphos»«thyI
                      Carclnus
                      naenas
                                    BSA
*zlnohos>ethvl
                      Cardlun  edule  BSA
0.033-0.1 (T2>   a-i;-(contln-          One hundrert-T or tv surface  active
                uoua aer-  aaents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                atian,  ae£' no IychlorlnatPd blphenyls, pure
                water,  and Inorganic, and organic cheirlcals were
                daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.
                                                       greater  than  10  a«(contin-
                                                       (T2)             uoug aer-
                                                                       ation, sea-
                                                                       water, and
                                                                       daily-
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal}
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     Portmann,  «t
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7701
                                                                      Portmann,  «t
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-7701
Ailnphos»ethy)
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                    BSA    —
0.0003-0.001
(TZ)
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                                    Portmann, «t
                                                                                                                                    al  U971),
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-7701
Allnphos««thy I
                     Llaanda
                                   BSA
                                                       0.01-0.03  (T2)   at(oontin-
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                             Portaann,  «t

-------
                                llmanda
                                                                                 uous aer-
                                                                                 ation,  gea-
                                                                                 water,  and
                                                                                 daily
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                                       at  (1971),
                                                                                                       AHIC-7701
          A*lnDhos«9thyI
                               Pandalus
                               montagul
                                             BSA
          Azlnphos Methyl
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                 0.0003-0.001
                                 (T3)
                                                                 O.D76  (TZ)
                                                                                                   same  as  above
U)
VJ1
          Bacterial endotoxlns Salmo
                               qalrdnerl
                               (1,00-500  q)
                                                                 10  (NTEt
          Bacterial endotoxlns Oncorhynchus
                               hlsuteh
                                (1.00-500  9)
          Bal»n
                               Ganmarus
                               Tasclatus
                                             BSA
                                                                 10  (NTE)
                                                                 1.1  tT
-------
   Compound
                        Drqanlsn
 Field   Field
 Study  Location
Toxiclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  PDA
Experimental
Variables,
Control Ied
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Re ference
 Banner  OG01
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BS*   ~
                                                       10-33  (T?)
Banner OCO?
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BSA
                                                       10  (T2)
                                              represent important  food chain  llnKs.

                                   a«(contin-         One hundred-forty surface  active
                                   uous aer--  aqents, solvent emulslflers,  pesticides,
                                   ation, pea- ool ych lorln<»ted blphenyls, pure
                                   water, and inorganic, and organic chemicals Mere
                                   daily      evaluated against as many as  ten marine
                                   solution   organisms.  The authors noted that  nost
                                   renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                              toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                              organisms.
                                   a«(contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   wator, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renowa.3.)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                     Portaann, et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
                                                                     Portmann,
                                                                     al  (l,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                ham (HW)  pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
                or         miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-5t?5
                SOFT(SM)    wide range of toxicity spanning 12 orders
                synthetic  ot magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty  and
                dilution   percentage of.all components of a

-------
Bar luii
Barlue
8arlu»
Barlua
Barlue
Berlue
BarluB
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Papalaf-rax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     (gravid
                     females)
                                   FM
                     Paralabrax    FM
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax    FM
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax    FM
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax    FM
                     clathratus
                                   FM
                                   FM
Scattergood  2 (dorsal
Steam Plant, muscle
LosAngeles,  residue)
Cal.
Catallna     1.7 (dorsal
Island, Cal. muscle
             reaidue)

Scattergood  l.U (ventral
Steam Plant, muscle
LosAnqetes,  residue)
Cal.

Catallna     1.3 (ventral
Island, Cal. muscle
             reaidue)

Scattergood  7.8 (gonads
Steam Plant, residue)
LosAnqeleSt
Cal.

Catallna     Z.6
Island* Cal. (gonads
             reaidue)

Catallna     2.2
Island, Cal. (gonads
             reaidue)
water, or  formulation did not result In easy
seanater   predictability of the toxlclty of a
for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
species    pesticides Here most toxic In hard water
           and sometimes the opposite Has true.
           Testing the actual material as sold was
           found to be essential.

                   Fish collected from an effluent
           ploe of a stenm plant and from offshore
           waters of Catallna Island were analyzed
           for trace element content.  Trace element
           content of the effluent  water was at
           least 5 times greater than that of normal
           sea water for cadmium, coooer, nickel,
           zinc, and chromium.   Livers of fish from
           the effluent were nearly twice the size
           of those from the ocean.  Greatest
           differences In concentration occurred
           with aluminum, cadmium,  and nickel.
           Silver, barium, lithium, and lead showed
           the least differences.  The author
           concluded that trace element analysis of
           tissues could be used to determine the
           effect of pollutants on  marine organisms.

--                same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
Staoleton
(1968).
AMIC-5980
                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (1968),
                                                     AMIC-5980

                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (196S),AHIC-
                                                     5980
                                                     Sfaoleton
                                                     (1968),
                                                     AMIC-5980

                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (19*8),
                                                     AMIC-5980
                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (1968),
                                                     AMIC-5980

                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (1968),
                                                     AMIC-5980

-------
Coaoound
Barlua



Barlua

Barlua


Bar 1 ua

Barlua



Barlua


Barlua



Barlua


Basol A 06







Organism
Paral abr ax
c 1 athr at us


Parat abrax
el athratus

c 1 athratus

c 1 athratus

Par al abr ix
cl athratus


Paral ahrax
el athrafus

Paral abrax
cl athratus


Paral abrex
cl athratus

Cr anqon
cranqon






Field Field
S t udy Locat 1 on
FN <>c»tt*rqood
Steam Plant,
LosAnqeles,
Cat.
FN Cat*l Ina
Island, Cal.

Steam Plant.
Cal.
FN C a t a 1 1 na
Tsl and, Cal .

FN Sea 1 1 arqoorl
rtoam Plant,
LosAnqe les.
Cal.
FN Catallna
Tsl and, Cal.

FN Scatferqood
Steam Plant,
LosAngeles,
Cal.
FN Catal Ina
Island, Cat.

BSA —







Toxlel ty.
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
I.I, (liver
residue)


1.4
(liver
raaldua)
residue)
It
. Q
(In tegument
reildua)
1.? (heart
residue)


7
(heart
residue)
5.8 (eyeball
residue)


9.1
(eyebal 1
residue)
10-33 (Te)







f xoerlmental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Comments
-- same as above



same as above




—

— same as above



same as above


same as above



same as above


Qit(contln- "n« hundred-forty surface active
uoua aor- aq»nts, solvent enuls 1 f 1 ers, pesticides.
ation, sea- oo\ ych lorln»t»d blohenyls, our*
wator, and Inorganic, and organic ch«»lcals were
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
renewal) published data of this tyoe deal with
toxlcity of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Reference
S tao leton
(1968),
AMIC-S980

S t o o 1 1» t on
(19fiS) .
AMTC-S9DO
S t n o t *t t on
ANIC-1980

(19M) ,
AMIC--5980
S t n D 1 • t on
(116B) ,
AMIC-S980

S taoleton
(196A) ,
AMIC-«;980
S taol eton
(1968) ,
AMIC-59BO

S t a o 1 e t on
(196B),
ANIC-S980
Portmann, at
al
119711, ANIC-
7701





-------
Basol 99
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteronorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                      «.? (T2,
                                                      hardwater)
Basol 99
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteromorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                      32 (T2,
                                                      softwater)
>
I

VO
Bayer 39007
Rasbora       BCFA
heteronoroha  and
              BSA
                                                      14 (TZ,
                                                      harduster)
Bayer 39007
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteromoroha  and
                                   BSA
7.5 (T2,
sottwater)
BayI use Ida
                     Horone
                     saxatllls
                     (fIngerlInqs)
                                   BSA
                                                      0.78 (T3)
                a*,c,e,f,
                hard (HW;
                or soft
                ISV) syn-
                thetic
                dilution
                water,  or
                seawater
                for some
                species
                a*,c,o,f,
                hard (HW)
                OP soft
                (SW) syn-
                thetic
                water, or
                seawater
                for some
                apocles
a*,c,e,f,
hard
(HH)or
soft (SHI
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species

a*,c,e,f,
hard
(HW)or
soft (SW)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species

a,c,d,e>t,
P
                   One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster-
           pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),AHIC-
           mlsce I laneous water pollutants showed a   5i»?5
           wide range of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
           of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
           Percentage of all components of a
           formulation did not result In easy
           predictability of the toxlclty of a
           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
           pesticides were most toxic In hard water
           and sometimes the opposite was true.
           Testing the actual material as sold was
           found to be essential*
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (1969).
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                     (1969),
                                                                     AMIC-5«5
                                  same  as above
                                                                                                                                    Alabaster
                                                                                                                                    (1969),
                                   All  compounds  were Investigated   Wellborn
                           because of  their  probable  usage  in        (1971),
                           hatchery production of  white bass.        AMIC-5571
                           Compounds that  can be  used at recommended
                           concentrations  were Aquathol, Casaron,
                           Llndane, and Terramycln concentrate.

-------
Compound

Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Organism

Orconectes
nals
Procambarus
slmul ans
Channel
catf Ish
Roecus
saxat 1 1 Is
Oragonf 1 les
( larvae)
Whirl Iglg
beetles
BacksHlmners
Ictalurus
punctatus
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Study Location Ppm

FP Pratt, 0.1 (K
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (Kit)
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (NTE
-------
Baytex
Beytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
                     Ictalurus
                     •el as
                     Carasslus
                     auratus
                     Cyprlnus
                     carplo
                     Pimeohales
                     promelas
                     lepomls
                     naerochlrus
                     Leoomls
                     mlcrolophus
                     Mleropterus
                     salmoldes
                     Sal mo
                     galrdnerl
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA   —
                     Salmo  trutta  BSA
                     Oncorhynchus  BSA
                     Klsuteh
Perca
flavescens
                                   BSA
                                 1.62 (Tit)
                                 3.1)0 (Tit)
                                 1.16 (Tit)
                                 Z.itlt (Tit)
                                                      1.38  (T
-------
   Compound
            Field  Field
Organlsn    Study Location
                                                       Toxlclty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
                                                         Ppm
Experimental
Variables*
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
                      het*ro«orph»   and
                                    6SA
Benvzolln
                      Basbora
                      heteronorphB
            BCF»
            end
            BS»
                                                       325  (T2)
BensulIde
                     Gannarus
                     fasclatus
                                   BSA
                                                       l.i,  (T
-------
>
        BHC tolus llndane)   Chain
                             Pickerel
                                                              residue  (SB)
FRL   Misc. states 0.07
                   residue (SB)
        BHC Colus llndane)   Hhlte catfish FRL   Misc. states  O.Z3 residue
                                                               (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)   White perch   FRL   Misc. states 0.18-0.26
                                                              residue  (SB)'
        BHC (plus llndane)   Goldfish      FRL   Misc. states 0.51 residue
                                                              (SB)
        BHC folus llndane)   PuwpkInseed   FRL   Hlsc. states 0.09 residue
                                                              (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)   Largenouth    FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.".7
                             bass                             residue  (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)    Brown         FRL   Misc. states O.Ol-ti.37
                             bullhead                         residue  (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)   Carp
        BHC (plus llndane)   Channel
                             catfish
                                           FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.99
                                                              residue  (SB)
FRL   Misc. states 0.01-1.SO
                   residue (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)    Redhorse      FRL   Misc. states 0.02-0.10
                             sucker                           residue  (SB)
sane as above
                                                      sane  as  above
                                                     same  as above
                                                     same as above
                                                     same as above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                same  as above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                same  as  above
                                                                                                same  as  above
et al
(1971),
AMIC-1I>07

Henderson,
et al
(1971),
AHIC-li.07

Henderson,
et al
                                   AMIC-1U07

                                   Henderson,
                                   et al
                                   (1971) ,
                                   AMIC-l
-------
   Compound
                        Organism
                                    Field  Field
                                    Study Locat1 on
ToKlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Ppm
Exper1menta ?
Variables,
ControI Ied
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                             Refer ence
BHC  (plus  llndane)    Gl77ard shad  FRL   Misc. states 0.06-0.10
                                                       residua (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                             Henderson,
                                                                                                                             et  al
                                                                                                                             (1971) ,
                                                                                                                             AMIC-11.07
 BHC  (olus llndane)    Spotted
                      sucker
                                    FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.03
                                                       residue (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      H en derson,
                                                                      e t  al
                                                                      (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-l"t07
BHC  (olus  llndane)    Bluet)! Ms
BHC  (olus  llndane)    Striped
                      *ul let
                                    FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.02
                                                       resldue(SB)
                                    FRL   Misc. states O.ZS-1.1".
                                                       residue (SB)
BHC  (olus  llndane)    Rlue catfish  FRL   Misc.  states O.lfc residue
                                                       (SB)
BHC  (olus  llndane)    Rock  bass      FRL   Misc.  states O.Ol-O.li.
                                                       resldue(SB)
BHC (olus  llndane)    Freshxater    FRL   Misc.  states 0.01 residue
                      dru«                              (SB)
BHC (olus  llndane)    Bloater
BHC (olus lindane)   Lake
                     HhltefIsh
BHC (plus llndane)   Lake  trout
                                    FRL   Misc.  states 0.03-0.08
                                                       residue (SB)
                                    FRL   Misc.  states 0.06
                                                       resldue(SB)
                                    FRL    Misc.  states 0.01-0.01
                                                       residue (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1971),
                                                                      «MIC-1<«07

                                                                      Henderson t
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1971) ,
                                                                      AMIC-1<.07

                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1971) ,
                                                                      AHIC-li.07

                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-1<|07

                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-H07

                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-1<(07

                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-1«.07

                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et al

-------
>
        BHC  (plus  llndsne)    Hhlte crapple FRL   Hlsc. states 0.07-2.19
                                                              residue (SB)
       BHC  (plus  lindane)    Blqmouth      FRL   Hlsc. states 0.03-0.07
                             buffalo                          residue (SB)
        BHC  (plus  llndane)    Small mouth    FRL   Hlsc. states 0.08 residue
                             buffalo                          (SB)
       BHC  lolus  lindane)    Ftathead      FRL   Hlsc. states 0.0? residue
                             catfish                          tSB)
        BHC  (plus llndane)    Goldeye
       BHC  (plus llndane)    Halleve
       BHC  (plus llndane)    Sauqer
                                           FRL   Hlsc. states 0.03-0.08
                                                              residue (SB)
                                           FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01 residue
                                                              (SB)
                                           FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01 residue
                                                              (SB)
        BHC  (plus llndane)    Marine I mouth  FRL   Hlsc. states 0.02 residue
                             sucker                           (SB)
        BHC  (plus llndane)    BlacK
                             bulI head
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01 residue
                   (SB)
        BHC (plus llndane)    White bass    FRL   Hlse. states 0.01 residue
                                                              (SB)
       BHC  (plus  llndane)    BlacK crapple FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01-0.03
                                                              residue (SB)
                                                                                                sane as above
                                                     same as above
                                                     same as above
                                                                                                sane as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
 (1971),
 ftHIC-K.07

 Henderson,
 et al
 (1971),
 AMIC-1V07

 Henderson,
 et al
 (1971),
 AHIC-l«t07

 Henderson,
 et al
 (1971),
 AMTC-1I.07

Henderson,
et al
 (1171),
 AMIC-1U07

Henderson,et
al (1971),
AHIC-l
-------
            Compound
                                   Field  Field
                       Organise    Study Location
                                                                 Toxlclty.
                                                                 Active
                                                                 Ingredient,
                                                                   Ppm
Exoerlmental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                            C omments
                                                                                                                                      Reference
          BHC (Dlus  llndane)   Largescale    FRL   Misc.  states  0.01-0.12
                               sucker                            residue  (Sfl)
                                                                                                   same  as  above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            et al
                                                                                                                            (1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-l"i07
BHC (plus llndane)   Small mouth
                     bass
                                                    Misc.  states  0.01  residue
                                                                 (SB)
                                                                                                   same  as above
                                                     Henderson ,
                                                     et  al
                                                     (1971) ,.
          BHC (Dlu*  llndane)   Northern      FRL    Misc.  states  0.01  residue
                               squa»»lsh                         (SB)
                                                                                                   same  as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            e t al
                                                                                                                            (1971) ,
>
I
          BHC (Plus llndane)   Chisel mouth   FRL    Misc.  states  0.03-0.03
                                                                 residue  (SB)
          BHC (plus llndane)   Rainbow  trout FRL    Misc.  states  0.01  residue
                                                                 (SB)
          BHC (Dlus llndane)   Brldgello     FRL    Misc.  states  0.02  residue
                               sucher                            (SB)
          BHC (Dlus llndane)   Arctic
                               gray I 1ng
          BHC (Dlus llndane)   Round
                               xhltetlsh
                                   FRL   Misc. states  0.12 residue
                                                       (SB)
                                   FRL   Misc. states 0.0,c,d,e, (
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            et al
                                                                                                                            (1971),
                                                                                                                            AHIC-1I.OT
                                                                                                    Of  the pesticides Investigated,   Bhatls

-------
BHC
                     Carclnus
                     maenas
                                   BSA
                                 greater than
                                 100 IT2)
                            the most toxic Has Klofos followed in     (1971),
                            decreasing order  by Sumlthlon, Malathlon, AHIC-5ir23
                            Formlthlon,  Olmecron,  Sevln,  and BHC. The
                            author cites the  need  for more selective
                            pesticides nontoxlc to fish or
                            antagonistic agents for reducing fish
                            toxlclty.

                a*(contin-          One  hundred-forty surface active  Portmann, et
                uoua aer-   agents, solvent emulsiflers,  pesticides,  al (1971),
                                                                      ation, sea-Polychlorlnated blphenyls, pure
                                                                      water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals  Mere
                                                                      fiaily      evaluated against as many as ten  marine
                                                                      solution   organisms.  The authors noted that nost
                                                                      renewal)   published data of this type deal  Kith
                                                                                 toxlclty of chemicals to  freshwater
                                                                                 organisms.
BHC
                     Cardlun edule BSA
                                                      greater than 10 a*(contin-
                                                      (T2)            uous aer-
                                                                      ation, sea-
                                                                      water, and
                                                                      daily
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                            AMIC-7701
                                                                                                      Portmann, et
                                                                                                      at (1971),
                                                                                                      AMIC-7701
BHC
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA
                                 0.001-0.003
                                 (T2>
                 a-K-t contin-
                 uous aer-
                 ation,  sea-
                 water,  and
                 daily
                 solution
                 renewal)
                                                                                        same as above
Portnann, et
al (1971).
AMIC-7701
Bis hydroxyaethyl)
phosphlnlc acid
Plmephales
prose las
                                   BSA
Bis (dlKCthyl thlo   Phoraldluti
carbonoyl) dlsulflde a«blguu»
.29.0  ITI»)        a«,d,e,O,           Malathlon  and  Its  hydrolysis      Bender
                 and Fe     products Here  evaluated  with the finding  (1969),
                            that  one such  product  (dlethyl  fumarate)  AHIC-3787
                            was more toxic than  Malathlon to fathead
                            minnows.  Synerglsm  occurred between
                            Malathlon and  two  products of hydrolysis.
                             Continuous  exposure resulted In
                            Increased toxlclty.

 0.5-10.0         --                 Of 7i»  chemicals  evaluated as      Otto (1970),
 (f>6percent                 alglcldes, only 9  were more toxic than    AMIC-S92
 growth                      CuSOit.   None Inhibited growth of
 Inhibited  m               mat-forming  algae  for  more than 2 weeks.
                            CuSO
-------
           Comoound
                                Organise
                                            Field  Field
                                            Study Location
                   Toxlclty,
                   Active
                   Ingredient,
                     Ppn
                Experimental
                Variables,
                Control led
                or Noted
                                                                                                         Comments
                                                                                       Reference
         Bis Itrl-n-butyl)     Phormldlm
         tin oxide            aeblguun
         Borasceu
>
                              Salao
                              galrdnerl

BCFA
and
BSA
         Bourbon
                              Betta
                              SPlendens

         BP  1002
                              Carcinus
                              •aenas
                                            BSA    ~
                           more toxic than CuSOii.   No wetting aqents
                           Here found to be Inhibitory at  the
                           concentrations Investigated (0.05  and
                           0.005 com).   Also reported are  factors
                           affectlnq growth of  algae In canals to
                           determine Hhether there  were leads to
                           controlling  algae by environmental
                           management.   No practical  environmental
                           means Here found.

0.5-10.0 (100   —                same  as above                      Otto (1970),
percent                                                              AMIC-892
growth
inhibited 14)

1,800        a*,c,e,f.          One  hundred  sixty-four             Alabaster
                hard (HH)  pesticides,  netting  agents, and           (1969),
                or         miscellaneous water  pollutants  showed a   ANIC-5<>25
                SOFT(SH)    wide range of toxlclty  scanning 12 orders
                synthetic  of magnitude.  Knowing  the toxlcity and
                dilution    percentage of all components of a
                water,  or  formulation  did not  result In easy
                seawater    predictability of the toxlclty  of  a
                for some    mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                species    pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                           and sometimes the opposite was  true.
                           Testing the  actual  material as  sold was
                           found to be  essential.

2850 (SB 6 hr)   a'                 The  effects  of  ethanol  and        Ravnes, etat
                           bourbon on the aggressive response of
                           S4amese lighting fish were determined.    (1968),AMIC
                           Ethanol Increased all I  show                5712
                           (aggressiveness) and bourbon and bourbon
                           congeners decreased  It.   The authors
                           tentatively  concluded that the delayed
                           effect of the congener resulted from
                           Involvement  of a different physiological
                           mechanism and that this may be related to
                           hangover effects In man.

10-33 
-------
BP 1002
                     Card!urn edule BSA
                                                       33-100
                                                                       solution    organisms.   The authors noted that most
                                                                       renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                                                                                  toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                  organisms.
                                                                      a*(contin-
                                                                      uous aer-
                                                                      ation,  gea-
                                                                      wator,  and
                                                                      daily
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Portmann, «t
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
BP
                     Cranqon
                     cranqon
                                   BSA
                                                       3.3-10  
                as(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (197D ,
                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1002
                     Llmanda
                     llmanda
                                    BSA
                                                       10-33  (T2)
                a*(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Portaann, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1002
                     Ostrea edulis  BSA
                                                       33-100
                                                                       a«( contin-
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation,  sea-
                                                                       water,  and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                     Portnann,  et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1002
                     Pandalus
                     montaqul
                                   BSA
                                                       3.3-10  (T?)
                a*(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                vater, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                     Portraann, et
                                                     31 (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1100X
                     Agonus        BSA
                     cataphractus
greater than
10,000 (Ti.)
a*(contin-
uous aer-
                                                                                         same  as above
Portnann, et
al (1971),

-------
 I
VJ1
O
Toxlelty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm





> 1100X Cardlun edule BSA — greater than
10,000 (T<()





' 1100X Crangon BSA — greater than
crangon 10, 000 (ft)





> 1100 Agonus BSA — 1000-3300 
cataphractus





• 1100 Cardlun edule BSA — 1000-3300 (T2)






1 1100 Crangon BSA — greater than
crangon 3300 (T3)





Exper I men ta 1
Var I ahl es,
Con tro 1 led
or Noted Comments
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
a*lcontin- same as above
uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
a* (con tin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
a*lcontin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
a*(contin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dully
solution
renewal )
a*(contln- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Reference
AHIC-7T01




P or t mann.
al (1971)
AMIC-7701




Por t mann.
al (1971)
AHIC-7701




Por t mann.
al (1971)
AMIC-7701




Por t nann.
al






eT
,





• t
•





et
t





et

(1971) , AMIC-
7701



Port»ann,
al (1971)
AMIC-7701








et
*






-------
BP
                      Fundulus
                      heteroclItus
                                    BSA
                                 0.00001-0.00022 a*,c.e,and
                                 (Ti»)            synthetic
                                                 seawater
6P
Brahontrole
                     Nertls vlrens BSA   —
                     Rasbora       8CFA
                     heteronorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                       0.00001-0.00017 a*,e,e,
                                                       )            and
                                                                      synthetic
                                                                      seanater
                                 62 (T2>
                                                 a*,c,e,f,
                                                 hard (HH)
                                                 or
                                                 SOFT(SH)
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 water*  or
                                                 seawater
                                                 for some
                                                 species
Broaln*
                     Coregonus
                     ctupeatormls
                                   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie
                                                      O.l(rasldua)
Bronlnc
Bro'lne
                     Coregonus     FL
                     hoyl
                     Prosoplun     FL
                     cyIIndraeeun
Salvellnus    FL
namaycush
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
                                                      O.OKresldue)
                                                      O.SIresldue)
                                                      O.S(resldue)
                                                 A  laboratory  procedure  based  on
                                         Standard Methods  for  96-hr  toxlclty
                                         determinations  of  crude  oil  and
                                         oll-dlspersant  mixtures  Has  described.
                                         The  dlspersants varied considerably  In
                                         toxlclty, ranging  from 0.01  to  7.1 ml/1,
                                         TL50  for 96  hr.   These did not  differ
                                         significantly from  2UO hr values.  The
                                         dlspersants  Here  designated  as  CX, 00,
                                         Cl,  OH,  AO,  PC, MM, TN,  BP,  and NA xlth
                                         no further description of their chemical
                                         nature or source.   Only  a fen bloassays
                                         Here  conducted  Hlth shrimp.  HotlusKs and
                                         echlnoderms  Here  suggested as suitable
                                         test  animals.   The  authors stated that
                                         the  method could  be used to  test any
                                         product  for  toxlcity  In seaHater.

                                               same as above
                                           LaRocne,  et
                                           al  (1970),
                                           AMIC-l»li5
                                                                                                      LaRocne.et
                                                                                                      al (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-«.it5
        One hundred sixty—four            Alabaster
pesticides, netting agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants shoned a   AMIC-5i»25
Hlrle ranoe of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.

        Trace element content of fish     Lucas, et al
from Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Erie   (1970),
was determined by activation analysis.     AMIC-3778
Whole body and liver residues were
determined.  Concentrations varied Hlth
species and lake.  Other elements found
Here?  antimony - 5 to 100 ppb, barium -
0.? pom, cesium - 3 ppb, lanthanum - 1 to
20 oob, mercury - 10 ppb, rhenium - 0.5
to 5 ppb,  rubidium - 0.06 to 6 ppm,
scandium - 2 ppb, selenium - 0.1 to 2
ppb, sliver - 0.001 opb.

       same as above                      Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-3778
                                                                                                                           Lucas, et al
                                                                                                                           (1970),

-------
 I
vn
 ro
Compound


BroB Ine



BrOBlne



Broalne



BroBophos











BroBoxynll (K salt)








Broaoxynll (K salt)


Toxlclfy,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organism Study Location Ppm
Hlrhl qan,
end Erie
Caresslus FL Great Lakes 0.3(resldue>
auratus - Superior,
M Ich 1 qan.
and Erie
Roccus FL Great Lakes O.o(resldue)
ehrysops - Superior,
W Ichl qan, and
Erie
StlTostedlon FL Great Lakes O.s(rasldue)
vltreu* - Superior,
vltreun Michigan,
and Erie
Rasbora BCFA ~ 0.62 CTZ)
heteronorpha and
BSA









Rasbora DCFA — 60 112,
heteromorpha and hardwater)
BSA






Rasbora BCFA — 5.0 (T2,
heteromorpha and softwater)
8SA
Experimental
Variables,
Con troll ed
or Noted Comments


__



	



	



a»,o,o,f,
hard IHW)
or soft
ISW) syn-
thetic
dilution •
water, or
aeawater
for sono
opeoloa



a»,c,o,f ,h
ard (HH)
or soft
(SM)
synthetic
dl lut Ion
Mater, or
for some
species
a",c,e,f ,
hard (HH)
or soft


same as above



sama as above



same as above



One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wpttlnn aqents, and
Mile ranqo of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
of maqnltude. Knowlnq thm toxlclty and
percantagn of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic In hard Mater
and sometimes the opposite Mas true.
Testing the actual material as sold Mas
found to be essential*
same as above








same as above


Reference
IMIC-377B

Lucas, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-377S

Lucas, .et al
(1970) .
AMIC-177S

Lucas, et at
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778

Al abaster
(1969) ,
AMIC-51,?









A labaster
(1969), AMIC-
51.25






Alabaster
(1969) ,
AM.IC-5i.2S

-------
          Busan  881
                               Rasbora       BCFA
                               heteronorpha  and
                                             BSA
                   0.65 (TZ)
          Busan  90
                               Rasbora
                               heteronoroha
 I
\fl
U)
BCFA
and
BSA
1.8 (Tl,
hardwater)
          Busan  90
                               Rasbora       BCFA
                               heteronorpha  and
                                             BSA
                   1.2 (Tl,
                   soltwatar)
         Cadalu* chloride  (as  Agonus
         cadalua)              cataphractus
                                             BSA   —
                                                                33 (T*)
                (SM)
                synthetic
                dl lotion
                water, or
                seawater
                for some
                soecles

                a»,c,e,f,
                hard
                
-------
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Coaoound Organism Study Location Ppm
Cadvluii chloride (as Cardlun edule BSA — 3.3 (T<»)
«<1"lu"»




Cadalua chloride (as Crangon BSA — - 1.0 (T2)
cadmium} crangon





Experimental
Variables.
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
a*(oontln- same as above
uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
at (con tin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Pef er ence
Portmann, «t
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




 Cad'luB chloride
                      Fundulus      L
                      heterocl1tus
                                                       50  (SB2)
Cadnlun sulfate  (as   Acroneurla     BSA
Cd)
Csd«lu« sulfate  (as  Fohenerelta   BSA
Cd)
Cadulu* *ulf»fe  (as  Hydropsycne   BSA
Cd)
                                                       32  (Tl,c,d,e,f
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     al(1969),
                                                     AMIC-3767
                                                     HarnlcK, et
                                                     al(1969),
                                                     AMIC-3767

                                                     Warnlck, et
                                                     al(1969),
                                                     AMIC-3767

-------
         CadnluB
         CadBlun
         Cadilui
         Cadmium
vn
vn
                               Alosa         FL     Great Lakes   0.00006
                               paeudo-              - Superior,   residua)
                               harengua             Michigan,
                                                   and Erie
                               Coregonus      FL
                               artedil
                               Coregonus     FL
                               elupeaformls
                               Coregonus      FL
                               hoy I
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Mlchlgan,
and Frle

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                                O.OOlS(residue) —
                                                               0.0002(resldue)
                                                                O.OOOS(resldue) —
                                                Trace element  content of  fish
                                        from Lakes Superior,  Michigan, and Erie
                                        was determined by  activation analysis.
                                        Whole body and liver  residues were
                                        determined.   Concentrations varied with
                                        species and lake.  . Other elements found
                                        were!  antimony -  5 to 100  pob, barium  -
                                        0.2 oom,  cesium -  3 ppb, lanthanum —  1  to
                                        20  pob, mercury -  10  opb, rhenium - 0.5
                                        to  5 ppb,  rubidium -  0.06 to 6 opn,
                                        scandium  - 2  cpb,  selenium  - 0.1  to 2
                                        ppb, silver - 0.001 ppb.

                                               same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Lucas, et
(1970),
 AMIC-377S
                                                                                                                                              al
Lucas, et at
(1970).
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
         Cadtlufi
          CadBlun
                               Prosoolum      FL
                               cyIIndraceun
                               SalvelInus     FL
                               namaycush
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Mlchlgan,
and Erie
                                                                O.OOOMresldue) —
                                                                0.003(resldue)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
         Cadnlun
         Cadmium
                               Osmerus       FL
                               mordax
                               Carasslus      FL
                               auratus
Great Lakes  0.00007
- Superior,  residua)
Michigan,and
Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                                O.OOlUresldue) —
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
                               Notropls      FL
                               hudsonlus
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                                O.OOOl(resldue) —
                                                                                                 same as above
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778

-------
ON
Compound
Cadalun



Cadm 1 un



CadBlun



C»d»lu«



Cadilu*






CadvluB


Cadnlun


Cadalua


Cadalu*


Organism
Percoosls
cm 1 sc omay cus


Roccus
chrysops


Perca
f 1 avescens


St I 7oster)lon
v 1 t reum
v 1 t reum

Coregonus
clupea formls





Coregonus
c 1 upea f orn 1%

Esox luclus


Esox luclus


Esox luclus


Field
Study
FL



FL



FL



FL



FL






FL


FL


FL


FL


Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Var lab) es,
Field Ingredient, Controlled
Location Pom or Noted Comments
Great Lakes 0 . 0 0 0 1 (r es 1 due ) — same as above
- Suoerlor,
Hlchl qan.
and F r le
Great Lakes 0 . 0 0 0? (r es Idue) — same as above
- Superior,
H i ch 1 qan, and
Erie
Great Lakes 0 . 0 0 05 ( r es 1 due) — same as above
- cuo «*r 1 or ,
Hlchi qan.
and Erie
Great Lakes 0. 00 0? (residue) — same as above
- Suoerlor,
Mlchl gan.
and Erie
Moose LaKe, 0.05 (residue) — Concentrations of 13 toxic
Can. elements in dressed fish from heavily
Industrialized and non- indust ri a 1 ized
areas were determined. Only mercury
concentrations of most elements were
essentially the same In fish from both
areas.
Lake 0.05 (residue) — same as above
Ontario,
Can.
Moose Lake, 0.05 (residue) -- same as above
Can.

Lafce St. 0.05 (residue) -- sane as above
Pierre, Can.

Lake Erie, 0.05 (residue) — same as above
Can.

Refer ence
Lucas, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-T778

Lucas, et al
(197D) ,
AMIC-3778

Lucas, et al
( 1970) .
AMTC-377*)

Lucas, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778

Uthe.et al
(1971) ,
AMIC-3B19




Uthe.et al
(1971) ,
AMIC-3819
Uthe, et al
(1971) ,AMIC-
3S19
Uthe, et
AL(1971),
AMIC-3819
Uthe, et a!
(1971),AMIC-
3819

-------
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
VJl
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
         Cadmium
                               Osmerus
                               mordax
                               Perca
                               flavescens
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                              Paral abrax
                              clathratus
                               Paralabrax
                               cl athratus
                               Paralabrax
                               clathratus
                               Paralabrax
                               clathratus
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                               Paralabrax
                               clathratus
                               (gravid
                               females)
                                            FL
                                            FL
                                            FM
Lake frit,   0.06 (residue)
Can.
                                            FH
                                            FM
                                            FM
                                            FH
                                            FM
Lake Erie,
Can.
                                                                0.05  (residue)  —
Scattergood  3 (dorsal
Steam Plant, muscle
Los Angelest residue)
Cal.
Catallna     3 (dorsal
Island, Cal. muscle
             residue)

Scatferqood  >» (ventral
Steam Plant, muscle
Los Angeles, residue)
Cal.

Catallna     ? (ventral
Island, Cal. muscle
             residue)

Scattergood  10 (gonads
Steam Plant, residue)
Los Angeles,
Cal.

Catallna     6 (gonads
Island, Cal. residue)
Catallna     3
Island, Cal. (gonads
             residue)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
        Fish collected from an effluent
ploe of a steam olant and from offshore
Haters of Catallna Island Here analyzed
for trace element content.  Trace element
content of the effluent Mater was at
least 5 times areater than that of normal
sea Hater for cadmium, coooer, nickel,
zinc, and chromium.  Livers of fish from
the effluent Here nearly tnlce the sire
of those from the ocean.  Greatest
differences In concentration occurred
Hlth aluminum, cadmium, and nickel.
Sliver, barium, lithium, and lead showed
the least differences.  The author
concluded that trace element analysis of
tissues could be used to determine the
effect of pollutants on marine organisms.

       same as above
Uthe, et
ALU971),
AMIC-3819

Uthe, et
AL(1971),
AMIC-3819

Staoleton
(196S),
AMIC-5980
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                          Staoleton
                                          (116*),
                                          AMIC-5980

                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-S980
                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968).
                                          AMIC-598!)

                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-5980
                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-5980

                                          Staoleton
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-S980

-------
I
vn
CD
Compound
CadBlu*


CadvluB


C»d»lu«



CadBlua


Cadvlua



CadaluB


CadaluH



CsdnluB


C»lciu« chloride



Organism
Papal abrax
cl athratus

Para 1 abrax
cl athratus

Paral abrax
cl athratus


Paral abrax
cl athratus

Paral abrax
cl athratus


Paral abrax
cl athratus

Paral abrax
cl athratus


Paral abrax
cl athratus

Lepotils
nacrochlrus


Field Field
Study Location
FM Scattergood
S team P 1 ant ,
Cal.
FM Catal Ina
Island, Cal.

FM Scattergood
Steam Plant,
Los Angeles*
Cal.
FM Catal Ina
Tslandt Cal.

FM Scattergood
Steam Plant,
Los Anqe 1 es ,
Cal.
FM Catal Ina
Island> Cal.

FM Scattergood
Steam Plant*
Los Angel est
Cal.
FM Catal Ina
Island, Cal.

BSA, —
L


Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
11 (liver
residue)

?<< (1 Iver
residue)

6 I Integument
residue)


Z (Integument
residue)

it (heart
residue)


2 (heart
residue)

6 (eyeball
residue)


ii (eyebal 1
residue)

10,690 (Ti»)



Experimental
Variables,
Control ted
or Noted Comments Reference
same as above Staoleton
(l«f.?) ,
AMIC-5980

same as above Staoleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
same as above Staoleton
(19SS) ,
AMIC-59BO

same as above Staoleton
11968) ,
SMIC-5980
— same as above Staoleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980

same as above Staoleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
same as above Staoleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980

same as above Staoleton
(1968) .
AMIC-5980
a»,e, and This study was conducted to Patrick, «t
synthetic determine the relative toxlcltles of ?0 al (1968),
dilution common constituents ot industrial wastes AMIC-57ZO
water to a tish, an alqa, and an Invertebrate.
                                                                                         The experiments were conducted over a
                                                                                         10-year period tor varied purposes.  The
                                                                                         authors recommend bloassays Hlth at least
                                                                                         three components of the food neb.

-------
Calcium chloride
                     Nltzschla
                     llnearls
              BSA,
              I
3,130 (T5)
a«,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water
Calciu* hypochlorlte Phormldlus
(as CD              amblguum
                                 0.5-10.0 
-------
>
Coaoound
CalclviB lulfate



Calcium















Calcium


Calcium



Calcium


CalClUm



Calcium


Organism
Nl tzschle
1 Inear Is


Paral abrax
cl athratus














Paral abrax
clathratus

Paral ahrax
clathratus


Paral abrax
cl athratus

Paral abrax
cl athratus


Paral abrax
cl athratus

Field Field
Study Location
8SA, —
L


FM Scattergood
Steam Plant,
Los Angeles,
Cal.












FM Catallna
Island, Cal.

FM Scattergood
Steam Plant,
LosAngeles,
Cal.
FM Catallna
Island, Cal.

FM Scatterqood
Steam Plant,
Los Angeles,
Cal.
FM Catallna
Island, Cal .

Toxlcl ty,
Active
Ingredient,
PDIB
3,200 ITS)



728 (dorsal
muscle
residue)













567 (dorsal
muscle
residue)
1020 (ventral
muscl *
residue)

5
-------
Calclu*
Calclun
Calcium
Calclun
Calclu*
Calciun
Galclua
Calclu*
Calclun
Canal banK
Mcedklller
Paralabrax
clathratus
(gravid
females)

Paralabrax
clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                                   FM    CatalIna     550 (gonads
                                         Island, Cal. residue)
FM    Scattergood  155 (liver
      Steam Plant, residue)
      Los Anqetes,
      Cal.

FM    CatalIna     265 (liver
      Island, Cal. residue)
              FM    Scatterqood  1158
                    Steam Plant, (Integument
                    Los Angeles, residue)
                    Cal.

              FM    CatalIna     1915
                    Island, Cal. (Integument
                                 residue)

              FM    Scatterqood  380 (heart
                    Steam Plant, residue)
                    Los Anqeles,
                    Cal.
                     Paralabrax    FM    Catal Ina     MO  (heart
                     clathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
Rasbora
heteromorpha
                                   FM
                                   FM
BCFA
and
BSA
                    Scattergood  19,000 (eyeball —
                    Steam Plant, residue)
                    Los Anqeles,
                    Cal.

                    CatalIna     26,200(eyeball  —
                    Island, Cal. residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                      610  (T2)
                                   a*,c,e,f,
                                   hard(HW)
                                   or soft
                                   (SW)
                                   synthetic
                                   dl IutIon
                                   water, or
                                   seaHater
                                   for some
                                   species
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water oollutants showed a
wide range of toxicity scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxicity and
percentage of all comoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability oT the toxicity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes.the opposite was true.
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1963) ,
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
                                                                                                                           Staoleton
                                                                                                                           (1968),
                                                                                                                           AMIC-5980
                                                                                        Stan I et on
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
                                                                                        Stao leton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1958),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5980

Alabaster
(1969),AMIC-

-------
Compound
Captan
Captan
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Fish (not
specified)
Brachydanlo t --
rerlo
(1 arvae)
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient ,
Ppm
greater than
0.1-1.0 (K)
1.0 (T 30 nln)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
~ Approximate toxlcltles of
numerous pesticides commonly used In
Britain were summarized. An excellent
brief, qeneral discussion of toxlcity
testing Is also present.
Foloet, Dltolatan, and Captan
were found to be toxic to zebraflsh
larvae within 90 mln. DIfolatan was most
Reference

Mawdesl ey-
Tnomas
(1971) ,AMIC-
1056
Abedl. et al
(1968), AHIC-
0\
K>
Carbaryl
         Carbaryl
                     Fish  (not
                     specified)
                     SalvelInus
                     fontInalIs
                     (1.15 q)
                                             BCFA   --
         Carbaryl
                               SalvelInus
                               font InalIs
                               <2.0<>  g)
                                             BCFA   —
greater than
1.0-10.0 (K)
                                                                1,070 (Tl.)
                                                                1,1,50 (Ti»>
toxlc while Captan w3s least toxic.
Effects observed were cessation of
heartbeat and loss of pigmentation.  Tha
authors recommended this as a sensitive,
rapid bloassav tor these and related
compounds.

        Approximate toxlcltles of
numerous pesticides commonly used  In
Britain were summarized. An excellent
brief, qeneral discussion of toxlclty
testing Is also present.
                                                                                                                                     3717
Ha»desley-Th
  o»as(1971)
AMIC-1056
                                                                                ao,c,d,
                                                                                e,f,l,o,
                                                                                oulfate,
                                                                                copper,
                                                                                manganese,
                                                                                Iron, and
                                                                                chromium
                                                                      ao.c.d,
                                                                      e,f,l,o,
                                                                      aulfate,
                                                                      coppor,
                                                                      manganese,
                                                                      Iron, and
                                                                      chromium
                                   Four Insecticides were evaluated  Post, et al
                           on four fish species at two body weights. (1971),
                            Standard method bioassay procedures were AHIC-1812
                           followed.  Symptomoloqv was also
                           reported.  Generally, toxlcity was
                           significantly different at the two body
                           weights. I.e., more toxic at the lower
                           body weight, except for Malathlon.
                           Well-defined experimental conditions were
                           said to result In truer measurement of
                           toxlclty.
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                     Post, «t
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-1812
                                                                                                                                              at
         Carfcaryl
                               Sal BO  clarHi   BCFA   —
                                                                1.5 (Tl.)
                                                                                a«.c,d.
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                                                     Post, et »l

-------
          C»rb»ryl
          Carbaryl
          Carbaryl
UJ
          C»rbaryl
          Carbaryl
                               (D.37 q)
Sal no clarkl
(1.30 g)
SB I mo
qairdnerl
(1.3
Ictalurus
punctatus
                                             8CF»  —
                                                                2.2 (Tit)
                                             BCFA
                                                                1.1.7  (Tfcl
                                             BCFA  —
                                                                1.3 (Tlf)
                                             BSA
                                                                15.SO
Ictalurus
•el as
                                             BSA
                                                                20.00 (T
-------
Compound
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbon dioxide
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organism Study Location Pom
Carasslus BSA -- 13. ?0 IT".)
auratus
Cynrlnus BSA — 5.?8 (T>)
galrdner 1
Salmo trutta BSA — 1.95 (T<«)
Oncorhynchus BSA — 0.76 (Tl»)
klsuteh
Peres BSA — 0.75 (TI.)
f lavescens
Salmo BSA — 35 (SB1)
qalrdnerl
(year! Ing)
Fxppr 1 men tal
Var 1 ab 1 es.
Control 1 ed
or Notpd Comments
a.
synthetic
t PS t Ma ter
a,
syn thp t Ic
t es t Mater
a,
Syn the t Ic
t es t Mater
a.
syn thet Ic
a,
syn thptlc
test Mater
a.
Synthetic
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
Synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthet Ic
test Mater
«.c, bi-
carbon-
ate, and
total
aollda
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Bicarbonate In blood serum of
brook trout rose to 5 times greater than
that of contro Increase Mas SIOM, being
half complete at 6 hr. Sodium and
Inorganic phosphate Here not affected,
but serum chloride Increased. The
Pe f er pnce
(1970) .
AMIC-5MO
Macek, et
al (1970),
AMIC-SSIO
Mac ek , e t a 1
AMIC-S510
Mac pK , « t a 1
(1970) ,
Macek.et al
(1970) .
AMIC-SMO
Macek, et al
(1970) .
AMIC-5S10
Hacek, etal
(1970) ,
AMIC-SSIO
Hacek, et
al (1970),
AMIC-S510
Macek, et al
(197Q) ,
AMIC-S510
Hacek. etal
(1970),
AMIC-5510
Lloyd, et al
(1967),
AMIC-IT?!

-------
         Carbophenothlon
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heterovorpha  and
                                            BSA
Z.3 (T2)
         Carbyn*
                              Rasbora      • BCFA
                              heteromorpha  and
                                            BSA
0.5 IT2)
o\
                a*,c,e,f,
                hard (HH)
                or
                SOFTCSH)
                synthetic
                dilution
                water,  or
                seawater
                for some
                species
                a*,c,e,f,
                hard (HW)
                or soft
                (SJ) syn-
                thetic
                water, or
                aoawater
                for sone
                species
            authors note  that  the  data Indicate an
            environmental  stress not  related to
            problems of osmotic  adaptation.

                    One hundred  sixty-four            Alabaster
            pesticides. Hettlnq  aqents,  and            (1969),
            miscellaneous  water  pollutants shotted a   AMIC-5l»25
            Hide  range of  toxlclty spanning  12 orders
            of  maonltude.   Knowing the toxfcjty and
            percentage of  all  components of  a
            formulation did not  result In easy
            predictability of  the  toxlclty of a
            mixture of materials.   Sometimes
            pesticides Here most toxic in hard Hater
            and sometimes  the  opposite Has true.
            Testing the actual material  as sold Has
            found to be essential.
                                  same as above
                                                      Alabaster
                                                      (1969),
                                                      AMIC-5I.K
         Carbyne
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteromorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                                l.i.  IT2)
         Carbyn*
                              Asterlas
                              rubens
                                            BSA
3.3-10 (K 1
HP)
         Carbyne
                              Cardlun edule BSA   ~
                                                               100  (TZ)
a*,c,e,f,
hard (HWJ
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeawater
for some
species

a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, aea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
               c«(contln-
               IUQUS aer-
                                  sane as above
        One hundred—fortv surface active
agents, solvent emutslflers< pesticides,
polychlorlnated blphenyls, pure
inorqanlc, and organic chemicals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms.  The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals  to freshwater
organisms.

       same as above
                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                     119691,
                                                                     AHIC-SI.35
Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
                                                                                                                                    Portmann, et
                                                                                                                                    al  (1971),

-------
>
I
Toxlclty, Exoer I men tal
Active VarlaMes,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Coioound Organism Study Location Port or Noted Comments
etion, sea-
water, or.d
daily
solution
renewal )
Carbyne Crangon BSA — 3.3-10 (T2) a*(contln-
crangon uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
Casol Plmeohales BSA -- 12. 0 m) c.d.e.T
Drome 1 os





Casol Plmeohales BSA --  1HSC) c,d,«,f
cromel as

Casol Biochemical L — 610,000 c,d,e,f
oxygen deaand

Cesoron G Rasbora BCFA — 100 (T2) a»,c,o,f,
heteromorpha and hard (KW)
BSA or soft
( QU \ BTrn
V ow i syn—
theUc
dilution
water, or
seawater
for soxa
species








same as above






Toxlcl ty of six oil sol 1 1
dlsnersants Has determined alonq Nlth
BOD values. Pond water HSS used as
diluent and oil Has Included In the
exoerlirent. Oil markedly reduced
toxlclty of all d 1 soersan ts. Oata are
given as "most orobable" "96-hr TL sub «.
same as above


same as above


One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, netting aapnts, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlcltv and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability 'of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
Reference
AHIC-77D1




Portmann, et
al (19711,
AMIC-7701




211 1 Ich
(196
-------
           Casoron 133
                                Rasbora
                                heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                                  13  (T2)
           Casoron
                                Morone
                                saxatllIs
                                IfIngerlInqs)
                                              BSA
                   6,200
           Casoron
                                Cardlum edule BSA   —
                                                                 qreater  than
                                                                 100  
-J
           Casoron
                                Cranqon
                                crangon
                                              BSA
                                                                  3.3-10  (T3)
a*,c,e,T,
hard (HM)
or
SOFT(SH)
synthetic
dllutlon
Hater,  or
seawater
tor some
species

a,c,d,e,f,
c
                                                                                                    same  as above
Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-5i»25
                                                      All compounds Here Investigated
                                              because of their orobable usage In
                                              hatchery production of nhlte bass.
                                              Compounds that can be used at recommended
                                              concentrations Here Aquathol, Casaron,
                                              Lindine, and Terramycln concentrate.
                                              Those that should not be used were
                                              Acrlflavlne, (layluscldp. Malachite qreen
                                              oxalate, and Halathlon.
                                   a«-(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                                   UOU3 aer-  aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                                   ation,  3ea-POlychlorlnated blphenyls. pure
                                   wator,  and inorqanlc, and organic chetlcals Here
                                   dally      evaluated against as many as ten varine
                                   solution   organisms.  The authors noted that nost
                                   renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                                              toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                              organisms.

                                                     same as above
a*(oontin-
uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
                                                                                  solution
                                                                                  renowal)
HelIborn
(1971),
  AMIC-5571
                                                     Portaann, «
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7701
                                                                                        Port»ann, et
                                                                                        al (1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-7701
           Cd CIZ . Z.5 H?0  (as Crangon       BSA
           Cd 2 plus)           septemsplnosa
                                   a*,c,e,
                                   SSH
                                                                                                    Although data cited Here taken at Elsler
                                                                                            ?0 C and 2.0 percent salinity, varying
                                                                                            temoerature and salinity Here also
                                                                                            studied.  Higher temperature  (20 C) and
                                                                                            loner salinity (5.0 percent) resulted in
                                                                                            greater susceptibility of mummlchoqs to
                                                                                            cadmiuff.  TL sub 25, TL sub 50, and TL
                                                                                            sub 75 for 2<* and *tfl hr are also
                                                                                            presented.  Post treatment mortality of
                                                                                            mummlchoqs Has also observed  for
                                                                                            considerably prolonned periods (up to SB
                                                                                            days).  Teleosts Here less susceptible
                                                                                            than Crustacea.  Residue l-evels In
                                                                                            mummicrogs Here also reported, e.g.,
                                                                                            Hhole body residues In excess of Bf> mg
                                                                                            Cd/Kg body ash resulted In death within 5
                                                                                            Hk.  A revlen and discussion  of results
                                                                                            are also Included.
                                                                                        (1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-1621

-------
1
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
> Cd
O\
00 Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
Cd
CoMoound
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H?0
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H21
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 H20
2 olus)
CI2 . 2.5 Vt?.fl
2 olus)
CI2 . ?.5 H20
2 plus)
Field Field
nrq»nl*» Study Locatloi
(as Fundulus BSA
heterocl 1 tus
(as Paqurus BSA —
1 onq 1 carous
(as Palaemonetes BSA
vul gar Is
(as Asterlas BSA
forbesl
(as Mya arpn>irl8 BSA —
(as Carclnus BSA ~
Maenus
(as Urosalolnx BSA
clnerea
(as Fundulus BSA
ma ) a 1 Is
(as My tl lus BSA
edul Is
(ss Cyorlnodon BSA
variegatus
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
l Pom or Noted Comments
55.0 (T<>) a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
0.32 (H.) a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
O.itZ (Ti.) a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
O.S2  a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
2.2 (Ti») a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
ii.l (Ti») a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
6.6 (Ti>) a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
21.0 (Ti>) a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
25.0 (Ti») a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
50.0 (T<») a*,c,e, same as above
SSM
R*f erence
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621
Eisler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971) ,
AMIC-1621

-------
Cd Cl? . 2.5 H20 (as Nassarlus     BSA   —
Cd 2 olust           obsoletus
Cd CIZ . 2.5 M20 (as Nereis vlrcns BSA
Cd 2 plus)
                                 10.5 (T<»)
                                 ll.O(Tit)
Chevron NI-0
Chevron NI-0
Chloral hydrate
Chloramlne
Chlora«lne
Chloraalne
                                                 a»,c,e,
                                                 SSM
                                                                      SSM
                     Steel head
                     trout
                     (r ingertInqs)
                                   BSA
Coho salmon   BSA   Hood Canal
(flngerllnga) in  .  Hoodsport,
              situ  Wash.

Neqaprlon.    BSA   —
brevlrostrls
(1-3 Kg)
                                                      0.001 (K)
                                                      300  (SB 1 hr>
                     Gannarus
                     paeudo-
                     llmnaeus
                                   BCF
                                                      0.22  (T<»)
                                                 a*,ofd,e.
                     Plmephales    BCF
                     promelas
                     Daphnla nagna BCF
                                 0.15 (T3>
                                 0.09-0.15 (T«f)
                                                      0.001  (K 3-5)
a*,c,d,e,
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                   Evaluation of  11 oil  dlsoersants
           resulted In a ranking  for each and a
           recommendation for use according to the
           ranking.  Ranking was  based on toxlclty
           and oil  dispersal effectiveness.  Corexlt
           776it appeared to have  the least toxlclty
           with fair to good oil  dispersion
           caoabl11ty.

                 same aa above
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621

Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-16E1

Tracy, et
al (1969),
AMIC-383*
                   Data  tpom study  of  drug  effects
           on young lemon sharks  were  treated
           mathematically to demonstrate
           apolIcabl11ty  of  classical  rate  theory to
           the study  of  chemical  shark deterrents.
           IncaoacI tat Ion (narcosis) was the orlitary
           parameter  timed for  effectiveness.  This
           was usually  quite rapid  for the  more
           effective  druqs.

                   Chloramlne toxlclty was  very
           carefully  studied usinq  weight reduction
           and reor-oduct Ion  over  15 to 21 week
           exoosure periods.  Loss  of  weight and
           ability to reproduce were observed at
           concentrations less  than that observed
           for toxlclty.   The lowest chloramine
           concentration  having no  significant
           effect  was less than 3.
                                                                                         The effect of 52 pesticides on
                                                                                                                           Davis, et  al

-------
           Compound
                                Organise
                                            Field  Field
                                            Study Location
                                 Toxic!ty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredlentt
                                   Ppm
Exper1 mental
Variables,
Controlied
or Noted
                                                                                                         Comments
                                                                                                                                    Reference
                              nercenarls
                              (eggs)
-J
O
         Chlors«oh«nlcol
         ChI or•«oh« nIc oI
Nercenar1»
•ercenarla
(Iarvae)

Phormldlun
ambIguum
                                                               SO.O  (T12)
                                                               0.5-10.0  (NTE)   —
        Cnlorax
                              Salmo
                              galrdnerl
              BCFA  —
              and
              BSA
                                                               1,800  (T2)
           etrbryonlc development of clams and
           oysters was reported.  Synprolsrlc        (1969), A1IO
           etfects with solvents Here also reported. 5990
            Host  of  the -compounds affected
           development more than survival.  Some,
           however,  drastically reduced larval
           growth.  The authors point out the
           necessity of evaluating the effects of
           pesticides on  all  life stages of an
           organism  and note the possibility of
           selecting chemicals for oest control that
           would  not have serious effect on
           shelIfIsh.

                  same as above                      Oavls, «t
                                                     31(19691,
                                                     AMIC-5910

                   Of 71.  chemicals evaluated as      Otto(1970),
           alglcldes, only q were more toxic than      AMIC-S9Z
           CuSO<*.   None Inhibited growth of
           mat-forming alqae for more than ? weeKs.
           CuSOU  formulated with certain wetting
           agents  was more toxic than CuSO** alone.
           Copper  chloramine was also found to be
           more toxic than Cu^OW.  No wetting  agents
           were found to  be Inhibitory at the
           concentrations investigated (0.05 &nd
           0.005  com).  Also reported are factors
           affecting growth of algae  in canals to
           determine whether there were  leads  to
           controlling algae by environmental
           management.  No practical environmental
           means  were found.
a»,o,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawatcr
for some
species
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-5't25
wide range of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty ot a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes.the ooposlte was true.

-------
Chiordan*
CMordane
                     White  sucKer   FRL    Misc.  states  0.1Z-0.<»
-------
Field Field
Compound Organism Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
Exoer 1 menta 1
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
            CM or dene
                                 LepOBls
                                 cyanelI us
                                 (Resistant)
                                               BS»   —
                                                                  3.Z8  (TZ)
                                                                                  8»
                                                                                                      11.07

                                                                    Green  sunflsh  from  Relzonl,  Miss*  Hlnchen,  et
                                                            Here  resistant to  Chlordane,  Heptachlor,   al(1970>,
                                                            Llndane,  and Strobane,  but  not  to          SMIC-5UM
                                                            Parathlon.  Golden shiners  fro«i  the  same
                                                            location  were  resistant  to  Llndane and
                                                            Strobane,  toleranf  to  Chlordane  and
                                                            Heotachlor, and  susceptible to  Parathlon.
                                                             Lack  of  resistance  to  Parathlon
                                                            Indicated lack of  aarlcultural  usage of
                                                            organophosphates In  that  area.   Resistant
                                                            fish  were compared to  susceptible ones
                                                            collected at StarNvllle.
            Chlordane
                                 Leponls
                                 cyanellus
                                 (Susceptible)
                                               BSA   —
                                                                  0.09 (TZ)
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                      Mlnchen, et
                                                                                                      •1(1970).
-J
fO
            Chlordane
            Chlordane
           Chlordane
           Chlordane
Notemlqonus
crysoleucas
(Resistant)

No t em I cj on us
crysoleucas
(Susceptible)
                                               BSA   ~
Copopoda
I Cyclops
blcuspidua
Cyclops
varicana,
EucTClops
                                               BSA   —
Palaemonetes  BSA
Had 1aHensIs
(resistant)
                                                                  3.33  (TZ)
                                                                  0.
-------
Chfordan*
CM or dan*
Chi or*a
Chlorfenvlnphos
Chlorfenvlnphos
                     agilis,
                     Macrocyclops'
                     albidus,
                     Orthocyclopa
                     modeatus)
Copeoods
(Cyclops
blcusoldus,
Cyeloos
varleans,
Cyclops
vernal Is,
EucyclODS
agilis,
Hacrocvcloos
albidus,
Orthocyclops
modestus)

Tublfex
tubltex
                     Saliio
                     galrdnerl
                                   FL
                                   and
                                   BSA
Selzonl,
Hiss
0.30 (96percent —
K2>
                                   FL
                                   and
                                   BSA
BelzonI,
Hiss.
              BCFA  —
              and
              BSA
                                                      1.50 (NTE)
             1,100 
-------
Toxiclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Conoound Organise Study Location Ppn

Experimental
Varlahles,
Con t ro 1 led
or Noted Comments Reference
synthet Ic
dl lut Ion
water, or
seawater
for some
soec les
Chlorine
                     Plntephales
                     prone)as
BSA   Grand River, 0.07-0.15 (TO
(HL)  Wyoming,
      Mich.
Chlorln*
                     Fathead
                     ml nnoM
BSA   Grand »lver, 8.33
(ML)  Lansing,     percent(Kli
      Mich.        HWO)
                   The Indicated toxic  levels of      Zlllleh, et
           chloride occurred In 3.8<<  percent and      al  (1969),
           7.fT* percent  dilutions of  wastewater      ANIC-2878
           effluent In river mfer.   Subtethal
           effects were  noted at dilutions as low as
           1.9? percent.   The authors note that this
           chewlcel at low concentrations 0.05  mg/l
           may seriously  degrade fish populations In
           r Ivers.

                   Striking sublethal effects were   71lllch, «t
           noted at lower dilutions.   OechI or 1na11 on al   (1970),
           did not remove toxiclty of the wastewater AHIC-7899
           since toxic effects were  noted at
           dilutions of  **? and 5(1 percent of
           dechtor 1nated  waste niter.  Cyanide  Has
           present at 0.2 mq/l and may have had son*
           influence on  the results.   The authors
           concluded that the waste  water caused
           severe deoradatlon of the  Grand River.
Chloroflurazol*
                     Rasbora
                     he teronorpha
BCFA  —
and
BSA
                                                      0.13
Chloropropyl ate
                     Rasbora
                     neteromorpha
BCFA  —
and
BSA
                                                      ?0 (T2)
a'.c.e.f,
hard (HWI
orsof t
(SH)
synthetic
dl lution
water,  or
seawa ter
for some
species
a«,c,e,r.
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syi-
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide r?nqe of toxiclty spanning 1? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the ooposlte was True.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-5«,2S
                                          Alabaster
                                          (1969) ,

-------
         Chlopthlanld
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteroiKorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                               30
         Chroiates (as
         chPo«lu«>
Agonus        'BSA
cataohractus
                                                               33-100 (T2)
-la
NJl
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeawator
for some
apeeles

a»,c,e,fi
hard  (HW)
OP
SOFT(SH)
synthetic
dilution
watep, or
seawatep
fop some
sppcles

 a*(contin-
 uous  aer-
 ation,  sea
 water,  and
 daily
 solution
 renewal)
                                                                                                 same as above
        One hundped-fopty surface active
aqents, solvent emutslfleps, pesticides,
polychloplnated blohenyls, OUPB
Inopqanlct and organic cheirlcals Here
evaluated against as many as ten vaPlnc.
opqanlsms.  The authoPS noted that most
published data of this type deal Hlth
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
opqanlsns>
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                                      AHIC-5^21!
Porfmann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701
         Chpo»ates (as
         ChPO«lu»)
Aster las
pubens
                                            BSA
                                                               33-100 
-------
  Conoound
                       Organism
                                   Field  Field
                                   Stud/ Location
             Toxlclty,
             ActIve
             Ingredlentf
               Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
Control Ied
OP Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                  Reference
Chro«lc chloride (as Acroneurla    BSA
CP!
Chromic chloride (as Ephemerells   BSA
Cr)
                                                      32 (T7)
                                                                      a*,c,d,e,f
                                                                                         Ephemerella (mayfly) Has the nost Vlarnlck, «t
Chromic chloride (as Hydroosyche
Crl
Chro»tu» trloxld*    Phornldlun
(as Cr)              amblguu*
                                   BSA
                                                                      a*«c,d,e,f
                                                                      a*,c.d,e,T
                                                                                 sensitive aauatlc Insect of those
                                                                                 studied, and copper the most broadly
                                                                                 toxic Fetal.  The authors suggest that
                                                                                 aquatic Insects may not be as sensitive
                                                                                 to heavy metals as fish.

                                                                                        same as above
                                                      0.5-10.0 (NTE)  —
ChroMlun
                     Alosa
                     psoudo-
                     hai-engus
                                   FL
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                      1.1 (residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                  al(1969),
                                                                                  AMIC-3767
                                                                                  Harnlck, «t
                                                                                  al (1969),
                                                                                  AMIC-3767

                                                                                  Marnlck, et
                                                                                  al (1969),
                                                                                  AMIC-3767
                   Of 71. chemicals evaluated as      Otto  (1970),
           alglcldes, only 9 Here more toxic than    AMIC-892
           CuSOt*.  None Inhibited gronth of
           mat-forming algae for more than 2 Heeks.
           Cu"50 ppb, rubidium - 0.06 to *> ppin,
           scandlun - 2 opb, selenium - o.l to 2
           ppb, silver -.0.001 ppb.

-------
Chroalun
ChroMlua
Chroalu*
Chrontu*
Chroalui*
ChroBlu*
Chromium
ChroaluB
                     Notrools      FL
                     hudsonius
                     Pereopsls     FL
                     omlscomaycus
                     Coregonus     FL
                     clupeaformls
                     Coregonus     FL
                     clupeaformls
                     Esox luclus   FL
                     Esox  luclus   FL
                     Esox  luclus   FL
Great Lakes  5.5(resldue>
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes  ?.
-------
Conoound
Cnroalu*
Chroalu*
Chro«lu«
Chro»Iu«
ChroBluB
Chro»lu»
Chronlum
Chro«lu*
Organism
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral ahrsx
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athraf us
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Field Field
Study Location
FM Scattergood
Steam PI ant ,
Los Anqeles,
Cal .
FM Catallna
Island, Cal.
FM Scatterqood
Steam Plant,
Los Anqeles,
Cal.
FM Catallna
Island, Cal .
FM Catallna
Is 1 and, Cal .
FM Scattergood
STeam Plant ,
Los Anqeles,
Cal.
FM Catal Ina
Island, Cal.
FM Scatterqood
Steam Plant,
Los Angeles,
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Pom or Noted Comments

-------
Chroalun
Chroalua
Chronlun
Chroulu*
                     Paralabrax    FM     Catallna      2.3  (gonads
                     clathratus           Island, Cal.  residue)
Paralabrax    FM    Catallna     7.6
clathratus          Island, Cal. (gonads
(gravid                          residua)
females)

Paralabrix    FM    Scattergood  1 (liver
clathratus          Steam Plant, residue)
                    Los Angeles,
                    Cal.

Paralabrax    FM    Catallra     1.5 (liver
clathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                  Stapleton
                                                                                  (19*8),
                                                                                  AMIC-5980

                                                                                  Staoleton
                                                                                  (1968),
                                                                                  AMIC-5980
                                                                                                                            Staoleton
                                                                                                                            (1«68),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-5980
                                                                                                                            Staoleton
                                                                                                                            (1968),
CnroBlun
Chroalum
Citric acid
CI
Ct
                     Paral abrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                      Carclnus
                      •aenas
                                   FM
                                   FM
                                    BSA
                      Fundulus      BSA
                      heteroelItus
                     Nereis vlrens BSA
Seatterqood  1.9 (Integument
Steam Plant, residue)
Los Angeles,
Cal.

Catallna     l.,c,e,
             (Ti»)            and
                             synthetic
                             seawater
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                                      LaRoche,et
                                                                                                      al  (1970),

-------
   Coxoound


Cleanosol
                                    Field   Field
                        Organism     Study  Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Ppm
                                                                       Experimental
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                     Reference
                      Cardlum  edule  BSA    —
Clvanosol
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BSA
10-33 (T2)       av-(contln-          One hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-   agents,  solvent emuls1flers,  pesticides,
                ation,  sea-P°Ivchtor 1nated blphenyls, pure
                water,  and  Inorganic,  and organic  chenlcals Here
                daily      evaluated against as many as  ten marine
                solution   organisms.   The authors  noted that most
                renewal)   published data of this  type deal nlth
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.

33-100 (T2)     a«(oontin-         same as above
                uous aer-
                ation,  sea-
                water,  and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                                            Portmann,  et
                                                                                                                            al  (1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-7701
                                                     Portmann, «t
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7701
Cl«anoxol
                      Panda I us
                      •ontaqul
                                    BSA
                                                       33  
-------
                                                                       dally
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Clophen A60
Agonus
cataonractus
                                   BSA    —
                   greater  than  ID  a»(contin-
                   (TZ)             uous aer-
                                   ation,  sea-
                                   wator,  and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                     Portmann,et
                                                     at  (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7T01
Clophen A60
                     Cardluii  edule  BSA
                                 greater than 10  a*(contin-
                                                       ITZ)
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation, sea-
                                                                       water, and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                        Portmann, et
                                                                                        al(1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-7701
Clophen A60
Crangon
crangon
                                    BSA
                                                       greater than 10 a*(contin-
                                                       «TZ>
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation, sea-
                                                                       water, and
                                                                       dail?
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                        Portnann, et
                                                                                        at(1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-7701
Clophen  A  «.0
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BSA
                                                       1.0-3.3 
-------
Coaoound

Zn
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Wyoming, Mich
Igan
commersonl (ML) at
Wyoming, Mich
Igan
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
percent (T3)
1.25-3.75
percent (T3)
Experimental
Variables,
Con t ro 1 led
or Noted Comments
Ni,Cu,Cr,
CM, and Zn
ductlvlty,
Nl.Cu.Cr,
CH, and Zn
Reference
AMIC-2906
(1969) ,
AMIC-2906
Cobaltous sulfnt*
(as Co)
Cobaltous sulfate
(as Col
Cobaltous sulfet»
(as Co)
Cobalt
                     Acroneuria
                                   BSA
                     Ephemeralla   BSA
                     Hydropsyche   BSA
Cobalt
                     Alosa
                     psoudo-
                     harengua
                     Coregonus
                     artedll
                                   FL
                                                      3?  (T8)
                                                      16  (Tit)
                                                      32  (T7>
                                                                      8*,c,d,e,f
                                                                                         Ephemerella (mayfly) was the most WarnlcK, et
                                                                                 sensitive aquatic Insect of those
                                                                                 studied, and copper the most broadly
                                                                                 toxic metal.  The authors suggest that
                                                                                 aauatlc Insects may not be as sensitive
                                                                                 to heavy metals as fish.

                                                                      a",c,d,e,f        same as above
                                                                        ,c,d,e,t
FL    Great Lakes  0.029(resldue)
      - Superior,
      Michigan,
      and Erie
      Great Lakes
      - Superior,
      Mlchlgan,
      and Erie
                                                      0.020(residue)
                                                                                        same as above
        Trace element content of fish
from Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Erie
was determined by activation analysis.
Whole body and liver residues Here
determined.   Concentrations varied with
species and lake.  Other elements found
were!  antimony - 5 to 1QO ppb, barium —
0.2 opm,  cesium - 3 pob, lanthanum - 1 To
20 pob, mercury - 10 ppb, rhenium - 0.5
to 5 ppb, rubidium - 0.06 to 6 ppm,
scandium - 2 ppb, selenium - 0.1 to 2
ppb, silver - 0.001 ppb.

       same as above
                                                                                        al(1969),
                                                                                        AMIC-3767
HarnlcK, et
al(1969),
AMIC-3767

Warnlck, et
al (1969),
AMIC-3767

Lucas, et al
(1970) ,
 AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
Cobalt
                     Coregonus     FL
                     clupeafor»ls
      Great Lakes
      - Superior,
      Michigan,
                                                      O.OZ3(resldue)  —
                                                                                        sane as above
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778

-------
                                                 and Erie
UJ
        Cobalt
        Cob*It
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
                             Coreqonus     FL
                             hoyl
                             Prosoplum     FL
                             eylIndraceum
                             Salv»lInus    FL
                             namaycush
                             Osmerus       FL
                             •ordax
                             Notropls      FL
                             hudsonlus
Pereopsl*     FL
omlscomaycus
Roccus        FL
chrysops
Perca         FL
fIaveseens
Stlrostedlon  FL
vltreum
vltreun
Paralabrax    FH
clathratus
                                                              0.026(resldue>  —
Great Lakes
- Suoerior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Mlchlqan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior.
Mlchlqan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Mlchlgan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Superior,
Mlchlqan,and
Erie
Great LaKes  0.0"t5(resIdue)

Super lor,Mlc
hlgan, and
Erie

Scatterqood  l.t  (dorsal
Steam Plant, muscle
LosAngeles,  residue)
Cat.
                                                              0.0<»7(resldue)  —
                                                              0.033(resldue>
                                                              0.013(resldue)  —
                                                              O.D33lresldue)  --
                                                              0.023(rasldue)  —
                                                              0.0>>3(resldue)  —
                                                              O.lZO(resldue)  ~
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                sane as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      J1170),
                                                                                                      AHIO3778
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-3778
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      A1IC-377S
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-377H
                                                                                                      Lucas, et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-377*
                                          Libras, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970) ,
                                          AMIC-3778
        Fish collected Trora an effluent   Staoleton
pipe of a steam plant and from offshore   (1968),
Haters of Catallna Island Here analyzed   AMIC-5980
for trace element content.  Trace element

-------
                                                               Toxlclty,       Experimental
                                                               Active          Variables,
                                            Field  Field       Ingredient,     Controlled
           Compound             Organise    Study Location       Ppm           or Noted                   Comments                  Reference


                                                                                          content of the effluent water Mas at
                                                                                          least 5 times qreater than that oj normal
                                                                                          sea water for cadmium, cooper, nickel,
                                                                                          zinc, and chromium.  Livers of fish  from
                                                                                          the affluent Here nearly twice the sire
                                                                                          of those from thp ocean.  Greatest
                                                                                          differences In concentration occurred
                                                                                          with aluminum, cadmium, and nickel.
                                                                                          Sliver, barlurr,  lithium, and lead showed
                                                                                          the least differences.  The author
                                                                                          conduced that trace element analysis  of
                                                                                          tissues could be used to determine th«
                                                                                          effect of pollutants on marine organises.
>
I
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                              Paral abrax
                              clathratus
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
Paralanrax
clathratus
(gravid
females)

Paralabrax
elathratus
FH    Catallna     ?.Z (dorsal
      Island, Cat. muscle
                   residue)

FH    Scattergood  l.Jventral
      Steam Plant, muscle
      LosAngeles,  residue)
      Cal.

FH    ratal ina     it.3 (ventral
      Island, Cal. muscle
                   residue)

FH    Scattergood  3.6 (gonads
      Steam Plant, residue)
      LosAnqeIes,
      Cal .

FM    Catatlna     
-------
CD
v/i
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
                              Papalabrax
                              clathratus
                              Paralabrax
                              clathratus
                              Papal abrax
                              ct athratus
                              Papal abrax
                              clathpatus
                              Papalahrax
                              clathpatus
                              Papalabpax
                              clathpatus
         Coeoaaln*  dlacetate  Phornldlun
                              amblguun
                                            FM
                                            FM
CatalIna
Island, Cal<
1.9 tllvep
residue)
                                            FM
                                            FM
                                            FM
                              Papal abpax    FM
                              clathpatus
        Coco
        nonoethanoI amide
        lotus  ethylene
        oxide,  ethoxy
                              Cardlum edule flSA
Scattergood  1.8 (Integument
Steam Plant, residue)
LosAngetes,
Cal.

CatalIna     l,it (Integument
Island, Cal. residue)
Scattepgood  1.7 (heart
Steam Plant, residue)
LosAngeles,
Cal.

CatalIna     1.2 (heart
Island, Cal. residue)
Scattepgood  8.2 (eyeball
Steam Plant, residue)
LosAngeles,
Cal.

CatalIna     5.1 (eyeball
Island, Cal. residue)

                                                               0.5-10.0  (NTE)   —
             qpeater than
             100 (T2)
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                Of 7
-------
Conoound
• onoe thano 1 ami de)
Toxlcl ty,
act lv«
Field Field Ingredient,
Organise Study Location Pot

Exper 1 menta 1
Van lab lei.
Con t ro 1 led
or Noted Comments

Ret er«nce

Coco
• onoetha no I amide
(Dlus ethylene
oxld»» ethoxy
• onoethanoI amide)
Cranqon
cr angon
                                    BSA
greater than
100 (T2)
                                                                       solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                                                                       reneimJ.)   published data of this type deal N) th
                                                                                  toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                  organises.
                ai-( contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann, et
al (19711,
AMIC-7701
Coco
• onoethJinolamide
(plus ethylene
oxide, ethoxy
•onovthanotanlde)
Carclnus
•aenas
                                    BSA    —
greater than
100 (T2)
                a«-( contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, ssa-
                uater, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal}
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann, «t
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
Coco
• onoethanoI am 1de
Coco
• onoe thano I »•!
-------
Conpass
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA
                                 greater than
                                 100 (T2)
                                   renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                                              toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                              organisms*

                                   a«-(contin-        same as above
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                     Portnann, et
                                                     at  (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701
Compass
                     Carclnus
                     maenas
                                   BSA
                                 greater than
                                 100 (T2>
                                   a«-( contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   v:ater, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     a I  (197.1),
                                                     AHIC-7701
Cooper"* Fly dip
(new type)
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                 3.55 (TZ)
Copper chloride (as
Cu)
Leoomls
macrochlrus
BSA,
L
                                                      1.Z5
Copper chloride (as
Cu)
Nltzschla
IInearls
BSA,
I
                                                       0.81  (T5>
a*,c,R,t,          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster,
hard(HW)   pesticides, Hettlnq agents, and           (ig69),AMIC-
or soft    miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   5
-------
Compound
•ethane-ar senate
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organism Study Location Ppm
anblguu* percent growth
Inhlbl tedlii)
Experimental
Variables,
Contro 1 1 ed
or Noted
Comment s
alqlcides, only 9 Here more toxic than
CuSni.. None Inhibited growth of
Reference
AHIC-S92
Copper salts
Copper sal t of
•ndothalI
                     Fish  (not
                     specified)
Phormldlum
amblguuit
                                 greater than
                                 0.1-1.0 (K)
                                                      0.5-10.0  (NTE)  —
Copper aodlum
citrate (as Cu)
Waterslpora
cucullata
(larvae)
                                                      0.63 (T 2 hr)
          mat-forming  alqae  for more  than  ?  neehs.
          CuSOU  formulated with certain  netting
          agents  Has morp toxic than  CuSOfc alone.
          Copper  cMcramlne  Has also  found to  be
          more  toxic than CuSO1*.  No  wetting agents
          Here  found to  be Inhibitory at the
          concentrations Investigated (0.05  and
          0.0115  Dpm).  Also  reoorted  are factors
          affecting aronth of  algae  In canals  to
          determine Hhether  there Here leads to
          controlling  algae  by environmental
          management.  No practical  environmental
          means  Here found.

                   Approximate  toxlcltles of          Nawdesley-
          numerous pesticides  commonly used  In      Thomas(1971)
          Britain were summarized.  An excellent      AHIC-1056
          brief,  general  discussion  of toxlclty
          testing Is also present.

                   Pf ft  chemicals evaluated  as      Otto (19701,
          alqlcides. only 9  were more toxic  than     AMIC-89?
          CuSO
-------
Copper sodium
citrate (aa Cu)
Copper sodium
citrate (as Cu)
Copper sodiun
citrate (as Cu)
Copper sodium
citrate (as Cu)
Cooper sulfate olus
AlKylaryl
oolyoxcthylene
glycols
Bugula
nerltlna
(larvae)

Splrorbls
lamelloaa
(larvae)

Qaleolaria
caespltosa
(larvae)

Kytllus
edulls
planulatus
(larvae)

Phormidium
amblguum
3.90 (T 2 hr)



O.W (T 2 hr)



2.90 (T 2 hr)



23 (T 2 hr)
0.5-10.0 (100
percent growth
inhibited 1
-------
>
I
Compound
Copper sul fat* plus
Calc lorn salt or
polyoxyethylen*
Copoer sul fate plus
Dodecy !• th»r of
polyethylene glycol
Copoer sul fate plus
Emulsl r lable
Dot yethy 1 ene
Copper sul fate plus
Ethoxylafed Isooctyl
phenoxy polyefnoxy
•thano 1
Copper sul fate plus
Ethoxylated nonyl
pheny 1 ether
Copper sut late plus
Po lyoxyeth len« nonyl
ph«nvl«ther
Copper sul fat* (as
copper)







Field Field
Organism Study Location
Phormldlum I
amb 1 quum

Phormldlu* I
amh 1 quum

Phormldlu* L
amblquum

Phor«ldlu« L ~
anblguun


Phormldlum L
amblguum

Phormldlum L
amblguun

Carclnus 8SA —
•senas







Toxlclty,
active
Ingredient,
Ppm
0.5-lfl.O (100
percent qrowth
Inhibited 1".)
O.S-iO.O (50
percent growth
Inhibited 1U)
0.5-10.0 (25
percent growth
Inhibited !<•)
0.5-10.0 (50
oercent qrowth
Inhibited 1".)

0.5-10.0 (50
Percent qrowth
Inhibited l<»)
0.5-10.0 (NTE)


109 (T2>








Exoer-lmenta 1
Variables,
Contro 1 1 ed
or Noted Comments
same as above


— same as above


same as above


same as above



— same as above


— same as above


a«f(contln- One hundred-forty surface active
uous aer- aqents, solvent emulsltlers, Pesticides,
atlon, sea-po 1 ych lor Ina ted blphenyls, pure
water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
daily evaluated aqalnst as many as ten marine
solution organisms. The authors noted that mojt
renewal) published data ot this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Reference
Otto (1170) ,
4MIC-S92

Otto (1970),
aHTC-892

Otto (1970),
8HIC-99?

otto (i97tn,
SMTC-89?


Otto
(1970) ,AMIC-
893
Otto (1970),
4MIC-89?

Portmann, «t
al (1971),
anIC-7701







-------
Copper sulfate  fas
cooper)
                     Cardlum  «dule BSA
                                 1.0  CT2I
a«(contin-
uous aor-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann, et
al 11971),
AHIC-7701
Copper sul fate  (as
copper)
Cranqon
crangon
              BSA   —
                                 19  (T
a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701
Copper sulfate  (as
copper)
Copper sutfate  (as
Cu7 plus)
Platlcthys
flesus
Sal mo
galrdnerl
(eggs and
sperm)
                                    BSA    —
                                                       1.0-3.3  (T2)
                                    LCF
                                                       1.0  (NTE)
a*(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)

a,c,f
                                                                                         same as above
Portnann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
                   Data were given  In mg/l  xhlch  Has  Shan,  et al
           taken to be the equivalent of  opm.         (1971),
           Fertilization rates Mere statistically    AMIC-l<><»
-------
  Coaoound
                                   Field  Field
                       Organls*    Study Location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient.
                                   Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
OP Noted
                                                                            Comments
                                                     Reference
>

ro
Cooper sulfaf* (as   Acron«urla    BSA
Cul
Copper sultafe (as   EDhei»«r«ll»   BSA
Cul
Copper sulfaf* (as   Hydroosyche   BSA
Cul
Copper sulfat• (as   Phornldlu*    L
Cul                  aablguum
                                                      8.3  (TO
                                                      0.3?  (T2)
                                                      3?  ITU.)
                                 0.5-10.0 (83
                                 percent growth
                                 inhlbl T«dl
                                                                                 Increased.  The authors concluded that In
                                                                                 hard waters neither Cu nor Nl Is tlhely
                                                                                 to Impair fertilization In rainbow trout.

                                                                        ,c,d,e,f         Ephemerella (mayfly) was the most Harnlck, et
                                                                                 sensitive aquatic Insect of those
                                                                                 studied, and copper the most broadly
                                                                                 toxic metal.  The authors suggest that
                                                                                 aquatic Insects may not be as sensitive
                                                                                 to heavy metals as tlsh.

                                                                      a*,c,d,e,f        same as above
                                                                      a«,c,d.e,f
                                                                                        same as above
                   Of 7k chemicals evaluated as
           alqlcldes, only 9 were more toxic than
           CuSOi..  None Inhibited growth of
           mat-tormlnq algae for more than 2 weeks.
           CuSOi. formulated with certain wettlnq
           agents was more toxic than CuS(H alone.
           Coooer chloramlne was also found to be
           more toxic than CuST».  No wetting agents
           were found to be Inhibitory at  the
           concentrations Investigated (O.O'i and
           0.005 com).  Also reoorted are  factors
           affecting growth of algae In canals to
           determine whether there were leads to
           controlling algae by environmental
           management.  No practical environmental
           means were found*
                                                                                                      al  (1969)
                                                                                                      AMIC-3767
Marnlck,
etal (l<>f>9>,
AMIC-3767

Harnlck,
etal I19S9),
AMIC-3767

Otto (1970),
AMIC-893
Copper tut fat*
Pseudoplauro  LCF
nectes
•mericanus (3
yr)
                                                      0.180  (SO)
                   winter flounder were exposed  to
           varied concentrations of cooper  and
           selected tissues examined by light and
           electron microscopy.  Medium to  high
           concentrations of cooper resulted  In
           fatty liver deposits, kidney necrosis,
           hemopoetlc tissue destruction, and gill
           architectural changes as determined by
           light microscopic analysis.  Seven
           additional organs or structures  were
Baker
(1969),
AMIC-3763

-------
         Copper sol fat*
         Copper sut fate
Ui
         Copper' sulfate
         Copper sulfare
         Copper sulfate
         Copper sut fate
Pseudopleuro  LCF
noctea
anerlcanus (3
vr>

Plmephales    BSA
proneI as
                              Plmephates
                              prone I as
                              Plmephales
                              promelas
                                 0.560-3.?
                                 IK29)
                                                               0.08". (T<»)
                                            BCFA  —
                                            BCFCH —
Lepomls       I
macrochlrus
Ouvenlle)
Trachlnotus   BSA
carolInus
(Juvenile)
                                                               0.075 (Tlf)
                                 0.018 (T 1Z
                                 HO)
                                                               1-5 (S81)
                                                                                          apparently  unaffected*   LOH levels of
                                                                                          cooper caused varied anomalies In qlll
                                                                                          lamellae as determined  by  electron
                                                                                          microscopy.

                                                                                                 same as above
                                                 a«(o,d,e,          Copper at lfl.it oob affected
                                                 f, acidity survival, growth, and soaHnlnq.  Lexer
                                                 conduc-    concentrations also reduced qroHth and
                                                 tivlty,    spanning but apparently not eqq
                                                 and Cu     hatchabl 11ty.  The maximum acceptable
                                                      «     toxicant concentration (MATC)  for the
                                                            fathead minnow Mas calculated to be
                                                            between 0.13 to 0.?2 of the 96-hr TL sub
                                                            m.  Some difference In results In hard
                                                            and soft Hater was found but the authors
                                                            recommend further study.  Us* and further
                                                            develocment of the application factor
                                                            approach was further recommended.

                                                                   same as above
BaKer
(19f>9»,
AMIC-3763
                                                                                                                                    Mount,  et  al
                                                                                                                                    (1969),
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-376S
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                                                      Mount, et al
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                                      AMIC-376S
Mount, et al
(1969),
AMIC-3765
                                                 a*,o,d,o,
                                                 f, acidity,
                                                 conduc-
                                                 tivity,
                                                 and Cu

                                                 ao,e,d,e,
                                                 I, acidity,
                                                 conduc-
                                                 tivity,
                                                 and Gu

                                                 a*,c,e,f           CoDoer caused a respiratory       0"Hara
                                                            Increase as concentration levels Mere     (1971),
                                                            Increased.  Recovery from Initial stress  AHIC-3793
                                                            by copcer was delayed at higher
                                                            concentrations.  The author suggests the
                                                            flowing Mater fish resoirometer technique
                                                            as a fast and sensitive tool for
                                                            evaluating pollutants.

                                                 a,c,e,f,I,         In this study of pomoano salinity Blrdsonq, et
                                                 and        Mas controlled at 10, 20, and 30 ppt and  al  (1971),
                                                 sulfate,   Investlqated as a variable.  tcriflavin,  AMIC-5570
                                                 sodium,    formalin, and potassium permanganate uere
                                                 calcium,   slightly more toxic at the highest
                                                 potassium, salinity, while copper sulfate Mas
                                                 magnesium, slightly less-toxic.  These compounds are

-------
  Co»oound
            Field  Field
Organlsn    Study Location
                                                       Toxlelty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
                                                        Ppm
                                                 Experimental
                                                 Variables,
                                                 Control Ied
                                                 or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           *?« f erence
                                                                      carbonate, used as prophylactic bacterial
                                                                      blcarbon-  treatments.  All appeared to tie
                                                                      ate,       reasonably safe to use except* possibly
                                                                      salinity   potassium permanganate.
Cooper sulfat*
Copper sulfat*
Cooo«r sulfate
Copper sul fat*
Copper sut fate
Copper sulfate
Copper (« Coooer
sulfat«)
                     Oncorhynchus
                     tshawy tscha
                     (egqs)
Oncorhynchus
tshaxytseha
  (93
                                                       percent K)
                                                       0.62  (Ti>)
                                                       3.0  (T",)
                                                                      a*,c,d,f
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                    Hazel, et al
                                                                                                    (1970) ,
                                                                                                    AKIC-5572

                                                                                                    Wei Iborn
                                               at,c,d,e,          Striped bass flnqerlln^s were
                                               f,p, and   apparently much more sensitive to
                                               Iron       therapeutic and herbicldal compounds than
                                                          many freshwater fish.

                                               a*,c,e,f,a         Adult crayfish were found to be   Hubschman
                                                          more resistant to copper sulfate than the (1967),
                                                          young.   Several life stages were studied,
                                                          and additional exposure variations were
                                                          Included In the exoer Irnen tat 1 on.
                                                          Mortality of newly-hatched crayfish
                                                          occurred at 0.1?5 pom, and growth was
                                                          Inhibited at concentrations down to 0.015
                                                          ppm over a 30-day period.  Sublethal
                                                          effects of copper were well established
                                                          and the procedure appears to be a good
                                                          one.
                                                      1.0  (T13)
                                                       0.015  (SB)
                                                      1.7
                                                                      a*,c,e,f,q
                                                                       a*,c,e,f,q
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same  as  above
                                                                                                      Hubschman
                                                                                                      (1967) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-598S

                                                                                                      Hubschwan
                                                                                                      (1967) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-598S
                                               a,c,d,«,f          Survival, qroxth, reoroductton,   Arthur, et
                                                          and feeding were the responses used to    al  (1970)»

-------
Coooer (as Copper
sulfate)
Coporr (as Copper
sul fate)
Coooer (as Copper
sulfate)
Copper (as Copoer
sulfate)
Copper (as Copper
sulfate)
Cooper (plus
PHENOL)
Campeloma
declsun
Physa Integra
                     Physa Integra
Gammarus
pseudo~
liranaeua

Gammarus
pseudo-
llanaeua

Sal mo
galrdner1
RCFA  —
'and
CH

BCFA  —
and
CH

8CFA  --
and
CH

BCFA  —
and
CH

BCFA  —
and
CH

BSA
Copper (plus zinc,
nickel)
Sal mo
galrdnerl
                                   BSA
0.008-0.01
                                                      O.OT9
                                 0.008-0.011.8
                                 (NTH 6 wk)
                                                       0.030  (T!»)
atctd,et f
                                                  ,c,d,e,f
                                                 a,c,d,e,i
                                                                      a,c,d,e,(
0.008-0.01
-------
Comoound
Copper (plus zinc.
phenol >
Cooper










Coooer



Copper



Copper



Copper



Copper



Coooer



Organism
Sal mo
galrdner 1
Alosa
paeudo-
harengua








Coregonus
artedll


Coregonus
clupeafornls


Coregonus
hoyl


Prosoolum
cy 1 Indraceum


Sal vel Inus
namaycush


Osmerus
•ordax


Field
Study
8SA

FL










FL



FL



FL



FL



FL



FL



Toxlclty,
Active
Flel d Ingredient,
Locat Ion Ppm
0.6-2.
-------
VQ
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
                               Carasslus     FL
                               auratus
                               Notropis      FL
                               hudsonlus
                               Percopsls     FL
                               omlscomaycus
                               Roccus        FL
                               chrysops
                               Perca         FL
                               fIavescens •
                               Stlzostedlon  FL
                               vltreum
                               vltreun
Great LaKes  IMresldue)
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKes  l.O(resldue)
- Superior,
Mlchlgan,
and Erie.
                                                                1.8(resldue)
                                                                (((residue)
Great LaKes
- Superior,
Mlchlgan,
and Erie

Great LaKes
- Suoerlor,
Mlchlgan,
and Erie
Great LaKes  3(residue)
- Superior,
MlcM gan, and
Erie

Great LaKes  i» (residue)
- Superior.
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          &MIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et at
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                                                                                                                               al
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1978),
                                          HHTC-3778
          Copper
                               Coreqonus     FL
                               clupeafornls
Moose LaKe,  O.S (residue)
Can.
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
                               Coregonus     FL
                               clupeafornls
                               Esox luclus   FL
                               Esox luclus   FL
LaKe
Ontario,
Can.
                                                                0.9 (residue)
Moose LaKe,  0.07 (residue)
Can.
LaKe St.     0.9 (residue)
Pierre, Can.
        Concentrations of 13 toxic
elements In dressed fish from heavily
Industrialized and non-IndustrialIzed
areas were determined.  Only trercury
exceeded regulatory limits, and
concentrations of most elements were
essentially the same In fish fron both
areas.

       same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
Uthe, et
AL(1971),
AMIC-3819
                                          Uthe, etal
                                          (1971),
                                          AHIC-3819

                                          Uthe, et at
                                          (1971),AMIC-
                                          3819

                                          Uthe, et al
                                          (1971),AMIC-
                                          3819

-------
Compound
Copper
Copper
Copper
Cooper
Organism
Esox tuclus
Osmerus
mordax
Perca
( 1 avescens
Sal vel Inus
Field
Study
FL
FL
FL
BDFCH
Field
Locat Ion
Lake Erie.
Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Toxlclty, experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
0.7 (residue) — same as above
0.8 (residue) — same as above
1,3 (residue) — same as above
Re f erence
Uthe, et al
11971), AMIC-
3819
Uthe, et al
(1971) .AMIC-
3819
Uthe, et al
(1971), AHIC-
3819
McKlm, et al
v£>
CD
          Copper
          Copper
          Copper
                               1 ontInalIs
                               (eqgs)
                                                            cooper did  not  adversely  affect  survival,  (1970),
                                                            qroHth, or  scanning  of  brook  trout.        AMIC-3S?!
                                                            However, this concentration level  had
                                                            drastic effect  on Juvenile trout.   The
                                                            cooper also delayed  yolk  sac  absorption
                                                            and delayed fry development.   The  maximum
                                                            acceptable  toxicant  concentration  (HATC)
                                                            Has calculated  to be between  9.5 to 17.^
                                                            ppb copper.
SaIvelInus
fontInalis
I )uvenlles)

SaIveIInus
fontInalIs
(adults)

Paralabrax
clathratus
                                             BOFCH
                                             BDFCH —
                                                                0.017 (K)
                                                                0.1 (T<»)
                                                                                a*,c ,d,e,f
                                                                                a'.c.d.e,f
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                             FM    Scattergood   2 (dorsal
                                                   Steam Plant,  muscle
                                                   LosAngeles,   RESIDUE)
                                                   Cat.
        Fish collected from an effluent
Dloe of a steam plant and from offshore
naters of Catallnn Island were analyzed
for trace element content.  Trace element
content of the effluent water was at
least 5 times greater than that of nor«al
sea water for cadmium, copper, nickel,
zinc, and chromium.  Livers of fish Iron
the effluent were nearly twice the size
of those from the ocean.  Greatest
differences in concentration occurred
with aluminum, cadmium, and nickel.
Silver, barium, lithium, and lead showed
the least differences.  The author
HcKlm.et al
(1970).
AHIC-3821

Hc
-------
Cooo«r
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
                     Paralabrax
                     elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
(gravid
females)

Paralabrax
elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
              FH    Catallna     2 (dorsal
                    Island, Cal.  muscle
                                 residue)

              FH    Scattergood  Z (ventral
                    Steam Plant,  muscle
                    LosAngeles,  residue)
                    Cal.

              FH    Catallna     2 (ventral
                    Island, Cal.  muscle
                                 residue)

              FH    Scatterqood  6 (gonads
                    Steam Plant,  residue)
                    LosAngeles,
                    Cal.

              FH    Catallna     5 (gonads
                    Island, Cal.  residue)
                                   FH    Catallna     5
                                         Island, Cal. (gonads
                                                      residue)
FH    Scatterqood  5 (liver
      Steam Plant, residue)
      LosAngeles,
      Cal.

FH    Catallna     6 (liver
      Island, Cal. residue)
                                                                                 concluded that trace element analysis of
                                                                                 tissues could be used to determine the
                                                                                 effect of pollutants on marine organlsns.

                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AHIC-5980
                                                                                        Stapleton
                                                                                        (1968)»
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        S t a D I e t on
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AHTC-5980
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1968) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-5980
Copper
Copper
Paralabrax    FH    Scattcrgood  3 (Integument
clathratus          Steam Plant, residue)
                    LosAmeles,
                    Cal.

Paralabrax    FH    Catallna     3 (Integument
elathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968) ,
                                                                                        AMIC-"5980
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980
Copper
Paralabrax    FH    Scattergood  15 '(heart
elathratus          Steam Plant, residue)
                    LosAngeles,
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (1968),
                                                                                        AMIC-5980

-------
>
I
Compound

Copper


Copper



Copper


Copper








Corexlt 766%






Corexlt 766%


Corexlt 766%


Corexlt 766%


Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organlsn Study Location Ppm
Cal.
Paralabrax FH Catallna 1? (heart
clathratus Island, Cal. residue)

Paralabrax FH Scattergood 8 (eyeball
clathratus Steam Plant, residue)
LosAngeles,
Cal.
Paralahrax FH Catallna % (eyeball
clathratus Island, Cal. residue)

Sal mo BSA -- 0.75 (T2)
galrdnerl







Plnephales BSA — 3?00 CT%)
promeles





Plmephales BSA — 180 (HSC)
promel as

Biochemical L — 380,000
oxygen deoand

Steelhead BSA — 15.8 (T%)
trout
If Ingerl Ings)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

~ same as above


— - same as above



-- same as above


a,c,e RalnboH trout Here exposed to
coooer* phenol, zinc, or nickel solutions
to determine it8-hour LCSO values for
mixtures of cooper and phenoll coooer.
zinc, and phenol I and copoer, zinc, and
nickel. It Has concluded that acute
lethal toxlcltles of the mixtures could
be adequately described by summations of
the fractional toxlcitles.
c,d,e,f Toxlclty of six oil spill
dlsoersants Has determined along with
BOO values. Pond nater Has used as
diluent and oil Has Included In the
experiment. Oil markedly reduced
toxlclty of all dlsoersants. Data are
given as "most probable" 96-hr TL sub •.
c,d,e,f same as above


c,d,e,f same as above


~ Evaluation of 11 oil dlspersants
resulted in a ranking for each and a
recommendation for use according to the
Ref erence

S tapleton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
S t a D 1 e t on
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980

Staol eton
(1968) ,
AMIC-5980
BroHn, et al

(1970>,A»1IC-
599
-------
Corexlt 7661).
Corexlt
Corexlt 766".
Corcxlt 766V
Coho salmon   BSA   Hood Canal
(flngerllngs) In    Hoodsport,
              situ  Wash.
Pacific
oyster
(larvae)
BSA   Hood Canal
In    Hoodsport,
situ  Wash.
                     Cardlun edule BSA    —
.0 (K)



. 0-80.0 (SB)
                                                       3300-10,ODU
                                                       (TZ)
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BSA
                                  3300-10,000
                                  (TZ)
                                               776i»  appeared  to  have  the least  toxlclty
                                               tilth  fair  to good oil  dispersion
                                               capablllty.

                                                     sane aa  above
                                                                                        same 03 above
                                                  ae(contln-         One  hundred-forty  surface active
                                                  uous  eer-   agents, solvent  emuls1flers,  pesticides,
                                                  ation,  sea-oolychlorlnated  blphenyls, pure
                                                  water,  and  Inorqanlc, and organic chemicals Here
                                                  daily      evaluated against  as many  as  ten marine
                                                  solution    organisms.   The  authors  noted that most
                                                  renewal)    published data of  this type deal  with
                                                             toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                                                             organisms.
                                    at I contin-
                                    uous  aer-
                                    ation,  sea-
                                    water,  and
                                    daily
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
                                                                                         sane  as above
Tracy, et al
(1969).
AKIC-3831*.

Tracy, et al
(1969),
AMIC-3331*
                                                                                         Portmann,  et
                                                                                         al  (197H,
                                                                                         AMIC-7701
                                                                    Portmann.  «t
                                                                    al  (1971),
                                                                    ANIC-7701
Corexlt 7664
                      Limsnda
                      llmanda
                                    BSA
                                                       1000-3300  (TZ)
                                                  a*(contin-
                                                  uous aer-
                                                  ation,  sea-
                                                  water,  and
                                                  daily
                                                  solution
                                                  renewal)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         Portmann,  et
                                                                                         al  (1971),
                                                                                         AHIC-7701
Corexlt 766*
                      Salmo  salar
                      (parr)
                                                       500  (NTEIt)
Corexlt 766«,
                      Gammarus
                      oceanlcus
                                    BSA
                                                       1900  (NTE)
                                                  a»,e                Aroclors  l?5it  and  1221  were
                                                  (mixed  tap evaluated  for  toxic  effect  with  Corexlt
                                                  or         766i»  (weight ratio 1;19) as an
                                                  seawater)  emulsifying aqent.   Since  only  two  fish
                                                            were  used  for  each exoosure,  the author
                                                            notes that the results are  only
                                                            preliminary.   However, PCR"s  appeared to
                                                            be  less  toxic  to  Atlantic  salmon parr
                                                            than  chlorinated  hydrocarbon  pesticides.
                                                                                         ZItko
                                                                                         (1970),
                                                                                         AHIC-Z3
                                                  a»  (weekly          Aroclor  125<»  solutions  or
                                                  solution    susoenslons  with  Corexit  766<» at varied
                                                  change,
                                                  seawater)
                                                                                         Hlldlsh
                                                                                         (1970),
                                              concentrations  in seawater resulted  In     AMIC—69
                                              varying  toxlclty of the  Aroclor.   Corexlt
                                                                                  was  not  lethal  at  1900  ppm but  caused
                                                                                  sublethal  brnchial  edema  at

-------
o
ro
Compound


Corcxlt 766".




Cor«Klf 9666

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organist) Study Location pp* or Noted Comments


Ganmarus BSA —
oceanlcus



Crangon BSA ~
crangon


0.19 (SB) a'
(week lysot
ut Ion
change.
seawater)
3300 (TZ) a*(contln-
UOUS &OC-
concentrations down to 0.19 pom. The
author notes a possible synerqlstlc
effect betxeen the two compounds.
same as above




One hundred-t or ty surface active
ag»nts, solvent emu 1 s 1 f 1 ers, pesticides.
ation. aoa-POl yen lorlnated blohenyls, cure






Counaphos












Co-Pal








Co-Pal








Rasbora BCFA —
heteromorpha and
BSA










Morone BSA —
saxat 1 1 Is
( linger! Ings)






Mercenarla I —
nercenarla
(eggs)
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )


0.0<»6 (T2) a»,c,e,f.
hard (HW)
or
SCFT(SH)
synthetic
dl lut Ion
water, or
seaHater
for some
species



62 (Ti.) a,c,d,e,f,
p







9.12 (T3)


Inorqanlc, and organic chemicals Here
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal Kith
toxlclty of chemicals to freshnater
organises.
One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, netting aqents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all comoonents of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
All compounds were Investigated
becausp of their probable usage In
hatchery production of white bass.
Comoounds that can be used at recommended
concentrations were Aauathol, Casaron,
tlndane, and Terramycln concentrate.
Those that should not be used were
Acrlflavlne, Raylusclde, Malachite green
oxalate, and Malathlon.
The effect of 52 pesticides on
embryonic development of clams and
oysters was reported. Synerglstlc
Reference


Wl Idlsh
(1970) ,
»MIC-f.9


Portmann, et
al
(1971), AMIC-
7701





A 1 abaster
(1969) ,
AMIC-51,25










Met (born
(1971),
AMIC-5571






Davis, et al

(1969) ,AHIC-
                                                                                           effects with solvents were also reported. 5990

                                                                                            Most of the compounds affected

-------
fe
U)
         Co-Rat
         Co-P»l
        Co-Rat
Craine OSR
                              Hercenarla
                              mercenarla
                              (larvae)
                              Crassostrea
                              vlrglnlea
                              (eggs)
Crassostrea
virqlnlea
(larvae)

Crangon
crangon
                                   BSA
                                                               5.21  (T 12)
                                                               D.ll  (T2)
                                                               greater  than
                                                               1.0  (T  1U
                                                      330-1000  (T2)
        Cresols
                     AgonuS        BSA
                     cataphractus
                                                               10-33  (T2)
        Cresols
                              Carelnus
                              •aenas
                                            BSA
                                                               10-100  
-------
o
-F-
Field Field
Compound Organic" Study Local lor
Cresols Cardluit edule BS4 —






Crvsol* Pleuronectes 8SA
pi atessa







Crossauard Crnngon BS4
crangon







Crotothan* Pasbora BCFA ~
heteromorpha and
9SA










Crow solvent H Crangon BSA
crangon







Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
1 Pom or Noted Comments
greater than ac-(contin- same as above
100 
-------
            Crt  NI>  Cut  CN,  and  Plmephales
            Zn                    promelas
            Cpt  Nit  Cut CN> and  Catostonus
            Zn                   conmersonl
            C3
                     Wolffla
                     papulifera
                                   BSACF Grand River  between
                                   (ML)  at           1.25-3.75
                                         Wyoming,Nlch percent (T3)
                                         Iqan
                                   BSACF Grand River  between
                                   tML)  at           1.25-3.75
                                         Wyoming,Hlch percent (T3>
                                         Igan
                                                                  100 (K)
                   A mobl le' bloassay unit Has
           utilized to conduct this study of
           municipal wastewater containing the
           Indicated toxicants.  River water was
a,c,e,     used as diluent.  The conclusion was
conductlvl reached that synerglstlc or additive
                                                                     Zllllch
                                                                     (1969).
                                                                                  ty. Nit    toxic effects occurred since toxlclty was AHIC-3906
                                                                                  Cu, Cr,    greater than that of any of the Ions
                                                                                  CNt and Zn singly.
                a,c,e,
                conductivl
                ty,  Nl,
                Cu,  Cr,
                CN,  and  Zn

                Hunter's
                medium
                diluted
                1:5
                                                                                                    same as above
                                                     ZllIIch
                                                     (1969),
                                                     AMTC-Z9C6
                    All compounds ware harmful  to     Worthley,  at
           duckweed to gone degree.  Decreased        al,(1971),
           populations were noted at non-lethal      AMIC-3233
           concentrations and  some compounds
           (Halathlon and 2.I4.-D) caused  toratogenlc
           effects at concentrations as  low as  1 ppm.
fe
CuCIZ ZHZO (as Cu)   Platymonas    L
                     subcordi-
                     formis
            CuCIZ 2HZO (as Cu)   Porphyrldlua  L
                                 cruentum
            CuCIZ ZH20 (as Cu)   SKeletonena   L
                                 costatum
            CuCIZ ZHZD (as Cu)   Amohldlnlu*   L
                                 carterl


            CuCIZ ZHZO (as Cu)    Chaetoceros   I
                                 sp
            CuCIZ ZHZO (as Cu)    Cyclotella    L
                                 nana
           CuC12  2H20  (as  Cu)    Dunallella    L
                                 tortlolecta
           CuC12 2H20  (as Cu)   Isochryals    L
                                jelbana
approx.1.0 (K)   5SM and
                NSH
                                                      approx. 0.5(K)  SSH and
                                                                      NSH
                                                      aporox. 0.15    SSH and
                                                      (K)             NSH
                                                       less than 0.05  SSH and
                                                       (K)             NSH
                                                      approx. 0.05    SSM and
                                                      (K)             NSH
                                                      approx. 0.15    SSH and
                                                      (K)             NSH
                                                     ^50  (50 percent  S3K and
                                                     K)               N3W
                                                     Approx. 0.2 K)   SSM and
                                                                      NSW
                   NTA stimulated algal growth In    Frlckson,  et
           cultures without added copper and reduced a'  (1970),
           toxlclty of copper at all levels of       AHIC-9

                                                     Erlckson, et
                                                     al  (1970),
                                                     AHIC-iti»9

                                                     Erlckson, et
                                                     al  (1970),
                                                     AKIC-U49

                                                     Erlckson, et
                                                     al  (1970),

-------
Compound
CuC12 3120 (as Cu)

CuC12 2H20 (as Cu)

CuC12 2H20 (as Cu)

CuC12 21120 (as Cu)


Cunllate RQ 2<>












Cunllat* RQ 2<>








Cunllate RO ?<.






Organism
Monochryals
Lutheri
Nannochloris
oculata
Nitzachia
clogtorium

Ollathodlacug
luteua

Salmo
galPdnepl











RasboPa
heterocnoppha







RasboPa
h«t«Pomoppha





Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Var 1 ab 1 es.
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Study Location Ppm op Noted Comments
L

L

L

L


RCFA
and
BSA










BCFA «
and
BSA






BCFA —
and
BSA




Approx. 0.5 SSM and
(K) N3W
Approx. 0.5 SSM and
(K) NSW
Approx. 0.05 SSM and
(K) NSW

Approx. 0.05 SSM and
NSW

0.5 (T2, a'.c.e.f,
hapdwatep) hard
(HH) or
soft (SW)
syn thet Ic
dl lut Ion
water , or
seawa t ep
tor some
species



!.<• (T2, a»,c,e,f.
sottwaleP) hard(HW)
or soft
synthetic
dl lut Ion
water ,
orseawater
f OP some
species
0.9 ( T2 » a*,c,e,f»
naPdwatep) hard(HW)
OP soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilution
watep.
same as above

same as above

same as above

some as above


One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
mlscel laneous water ool lutants showed a
wide pange of toxlclty spanning 12 ordePS
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of al 1 components of a
formulation did not result In easy
prertictahl 1 1 tv of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
same as above








sane as above






Reference
Eriekson, et
al (1970),
Erickgon, et
al (1970),
Erlckaon, et
el (1970),
AMIC-U49
Erickaon, et
tl (1970),
A1--IC-UJ4.9
Al abaster
(1969) ,WIC-
5U21;










A lahastep
(1969) .AMIC-
51.25






Al abastep
(1969) .A1IC-
51.25





-------
CuDPlc  ammonium
sulfate (as Cu)
Phormldlum
amblguum
Cuorlc chloramlne
Cuorlc sulfate
Phormldlum
amblguum
                                   i      —^
Salve Iinus    BCFA
fontlnalIs
(6-9 in.)
Cuorlc sulfate
Cuprlnol
SaIveIInus
font InalIs
(6-8 In.)

Cranqon
crangon
                                   BCFCH —
                                   BSA
                                                                       orseawater
                                                                       for  some
                                                                       species
                                 0.5-10.0 (16
                                 percent growth
                                 innlbl tedii»)
                                 0.5-10.0  (100
                                 percent growth
                                 Inhibited lit)

                                 0.038-0.069(58
                                 6 and 21)
                                 0.017-0.033(38
                                 337)
                                                       3.3-10  (T2)
                                                                       a",c,e> f ,
        Of 71» chemicals evaluated as
alqlcldes, only 1 were more toxic than
CuSO
-------
Compound Organise
Cut Ni, Cr, CN, and Plmeohales
Zn prome 1 as
Field
Study
BSACF
(ML)
Field
Locat Ion
Grand River
at
Wyoming, Mich
Iqan
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingred lent ,
Ppm
between
1.25-3.75
percent (T3)
Exper Itnen ta 1
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted
a,c,e, con- A
ductivity, utilized
Ni,Cu,Cr, municipal
CN, and Zn Indicated
Comments
mobile bloassay unit was
to conduct this study of
wastewater containing the
toxicants* River Hater Has
Reference
711 1 Ich
(1169) ,
AMIC-2906
           Cu,  Nl,  Cr,  CN,  and
           Zn
Catostomus    BSACF Grand River  between
commersonl    (ML)  at           1.35-3.75
                    Wyoming,Mich percent (T3)
                    Igan
                                                                                           used as diluent.  The conclusion Has
                                                                                           'reached that synerglstlc or additive
                                                                                           toxic effects occurred since  toxlclty MBS
                                                                                           greater than that of any of the ions
                                                                                           singly.
a,c,e, con-
ductlvity,
Ni,Cu,Cr,
CN, and Zn
                                                                                                   same as above
21 I IIch
(1969),
AMIC-3906
           ex
00
                                Fundulus
                                heterocl1tus
                                              BSA
                                 0.00051-0.00225 a«,c,e,
                                 (T<>)             and
                                                 synthetIc.
                                                 seawater
                   A laboratory procedure based on
           Standard Methods for qf>-hr toxlclty
           determinations of crude oil and
           ol l-dlspersant mixtures Has described.
           The dlsoersants varied considerably In
           toxlclty, ranging from 0.01 to 7.1 m!/l,
           TL50 for 96 hr.  These did not differ
           significantly from 2<«0 hr values.  The
           dlspersants were designated as CX, 00,
           Cl, On, AQ, PC, MM, TN, BP, and NA with
           no further description of their chemical
           nature or source.  Only a few bloassays
           were conducted with shrimp.  HollusKs and
           echlnoderms were suggested as suitable
           test animals.  The authors stated that
           the method could be used to test any
           product for toxlclty In seanater.
 LaSoche, et
al (1970),
ANIC-i»«tS
           CX
                                Nereis vlrens BSA
                                 0.00074-0.0071  a",c,e,
                                                 and
                                                 synthetic
                                                 seawater
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                                                      LaRoche.et
                                                                                                                                      al  (1970),
                                                                                                                                      AMIC-"t«t5
          Cyanides
                                Leoomls
                                •acrochlrus
                                              BSA
                                                                 0.18
                                                 a',e, and
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dllutIon
                                                 water
                                                                                                    This study Has conducted to
                                                                                                                                      Patrick, et
                                                                                            determine the relative toxlcitles of 30   al  (1968),
                                                                                            common constituents of Industrial Hastes  AMIC-5720
                                                                                            to a fish, an alga, and an invertebrate.
                                                                                            The experiments were conducted over a
                                                                                            10-year period for varied purposes.  The
                                                                                            authors recommend bloassays with at least
                                                                                            three components of the food web.

-------
Cyanides
Cyclohexlnlde
                     Physa         BSA
                     heterostrooha
                     Phornldlum
                     amblguun
                                                      0.1.32
                   0.5-10.0 (66
                   percent growth
                   Inhibited)
Oalacld*
                     Rasbora
                     heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                      620 
greater than
500 (T2,
hardnater)
                                   a',e, and
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   Hater
                                                                                        same as above
                a*,o,e,r,
                hard IHW)
                or soft
                ISW) syn-
                thetic
                dilution
                water, or
                seawater
                for aorae
                species
a»,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SM)
synthetic
dllutIon
Hater,  or
seawater
for some
                                                                     Patrick, et
                                                                     al (196S),
                                                                     AMIC-5720
        Of fit chemicals evaluated as      Otto (1970),
slglcldes, only 9 Mere more toxic than    ANIC-S92
CuSOi..  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming algae for more than 2 Meeks.
CuSO<» formulated Hlth certain wetting
aaents Has more toxic than CuSOi* alone.
Cooper chloramlne was also found to be
more toxic than CuSOi*.  No wetting agents
were found to be Inhibitory at the
concentrations Investigated (0.05 and
0.005 pom).  Also reported are factors
affecting growth of algae In canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management.  No practical environmental
means were found.

        One hundred sixty-four     .       Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC—5*»25
Hide range of toxiclty scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture ot materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the ooooslte Has true.
Testing the actual  material as sold was
found to be essential.

        Approximate toxlcltles of         Hawdesley-
numerous pesticides commonly used In      Thomas
Britain were summarized. An excellent     (1971),A1IC-
brlef, general discussion of toxiclty     1056
testing is also present.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-5i»Z5
wide range of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxicitv and
percentage ot all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sonetiaes

-------
Compound




Dalapon









Dalapon







Dalaoon






Oalapon






08 P

Toxiclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organise Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
species pesticides Here most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
Rasbora BCFA -- i»7  uous aor-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Pal»emoni»tes BCF ~ 0.08 (residue) a* Magnification of DOT and Aldrln
kadi ak ens Is tagged Hlth C-lit occurred rapidly.
R«f erence




A 1 abaster
(1969) ,AHIC-
5i»Z5







Portmann, et
a 1 ( 197 1) t
AMIC-7701






Portmann, et
al (1971).
AMIC-7701




Portnann, «t
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Johnson, et
al

-------
        09 P
        ODD (C-lfr labelled)
                             Palaemonetes, BCF
                             KadlaKensls
                             Sorghum
                             haloense
>
I
        ODD CC-li. labelled)
                             Estlqmene
                             acrea
L
(Mod-
el
BOOST
stem)
                   0.0001 
1 Ib per A
(NTE)
a,c,g,
standard
reference
water and
sand
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
a tea)
1 Ibper A
(K-NTE)
                                                                              standard
                                                                              reference
                                                                              water and
                                                                              sand
                                              Biological magnification  factors  of  2900
                                              to llitilOO depending on the  species  were
                                              found  for DDT, and  22,800  to  I'd,000  for
                                              Aldrln.  Marked degradation  of  DOT as
                                              determined by analysis  for DDT
                                              metabolites occurred.   The authors
                                              conclude that aquatic Invertebrates
                                              Influence quality and quantity  of
                                              Insecticide residue passed via  the fish
                                              food chain.

                                                     same as above
                                                                                                                                    3820
                                                                                        Johnson,*t
                                                                                        al  (1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-3820
        This small  laboratory model       Metcalf, et
ecosystem procedure was developed  to      al  (1971),
study pesticide biodegradabl I i ty and      AHIC-11.95
ecoloalcal magnification.  The  Tood-chaln
pathways In this system Here!   (1)
sorrjhuir - caterplller (larva),  (2)
caterplller (excreta) - flecloaonlum, (3)
Oedoqonlum - snail, (it)  Estiqmene
(excreta) - diatoms, (5) Diatoms -
plankton, (6)  Plankton - Culex  (larvae),
(7) Culex - Gambusla.  The fish is the
top of the Tood chain.  Using
Isotoplcally labeled pesticides (1
Ib/acre application rate), residues Here
determined for only selected organisms
(snail, mosquito, and fish) and nater.
ReproducibiI 1ty appeared to be  good.  The
authors state  that the method gives a
good estimation of the potential toxlclty
of pesticides  and their breakdown
products to a  variety of organisms and is
suitable for computer modeling.
                                                                                                same as above
                                                     Hetcalf, et
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AMIC-l
-------
Compound
000 (C-l<> labelled)




000 (C-l«. labelled)




000 (C-l«. label led)




000 (C-l". labelled)




000 (C-l* labelled)




ODD (C-l«. labelled)





000 IC-lt labelled)




Organlsn
Oaphnla magna




Culex nlplens
qulnque-
faaolatus


Oedogonl UM
cardiacun



Ganbusla
af finis



Diatoms
(Navicula,
Coacinodls-
cus, Dlp-
loness, and
Protozoa
(Jiuclearla,
Coleps,
VoTtlcella,
and
Parameolum)
Rotifers
CAaplanehnop-
ua, Notomat-
ta, Euclaris,
fr^.-prHTrm)
Field Field
Study Location
L
(Mod-
el
« co ays
torn)
L
(Mod.
el
ecosy
stem)
L
(Mod-
el
BOOST
stem)
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
stem)
L
(Mod-
el
•COST
•tea)
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
stem)

L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
stem)
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
1 Ib per A
(K-NTE)



S.a(resldue)




1 Ib per A
(NTE)



39.1 (residue)




1 Ib per A
(NTE)



1 Ib per A
(NTE)




1 Ib per A
(NTE)



Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a,c,g, same as above
standard
reference
water and
sand
3,0,9, same as above
standard
ref erence
Mater and
sand
a,c,g, sane as above
standard
ref erence
Mater and
sand
a,c,o, sane as above
standard
ref erence
water and
sand
a,c,a, same as above
standard
ref erence
water and
sand
a,c,g, same as above
standard
reference
water and
sand

a,c,g, same as above
standard
reference
water and
sand
Ref erence
Hetcalt, et
al (1971) ,
AMTC-l«i9S


Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AHIC-1U95


Metcalf, et
al (1971) ,
AM.IC-li.91;


Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AHIC-1<»95


Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AHT.C-1(>95


Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AMIC-H95



Hetcalf, at
al
(1971), AMIC-
11.95


-------
          000-IC-lt labelled)  Hater
                                   X.
                                   (Mod.
                                   el
                                   •cosy
                                     n)
                                                                0.006
                                                                Iresldue)
•.e.g.
standard
reference
water and
sand
                                                                                                  sane as above
Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AMIC-1%95
          000 Io,p")
                               Angui I la
                               rostrata
                                             FRL
H
M
U)
000 (P»p")



ODD (0,0-1



000 (O.p">


000 (D,p")


ODD
                                         St. John,
                                         N.B.t Can.
                                                                0.19 (residue)  —
                               Esox nlger    FRL   St. John,
                                                   N.B., Can.
                               Sal mo salar   FRL   St. John,
                                                                0.03 (residue)  —
                                                                0.0? (residue)  —
Clupea
harengus
Sconber
scombrus
Llmneohl lus
rhomblcus
(larvae)
FRL
FRL
FS
St. John,
N.n., Can.
St. John,
N.B. , Can.
Knights
Creek, Dun
County,
Hlsc.
0.01-0.0".
(residue)
0.03 (residue)
0.007(Hhole
body residue)
                   PCB"s Here found In hloher
           concentrations than organochlorlne
           pesticides In all fish analyzed.  The
           authors point out that PCB Is less toxic
           In an acute sense than organochlorlnes,
           that little Is Known of sublethal PCB
           effects, and that more Knowledge of PCB
           distribution and effects Is needed.

                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  same as above
Zltko(1971),
aMIC-3715
                                                     71tKo
                                                     (1971),AMIC-
                                                     3715

                                                     ZltKo
                                                     (19711,»MIC-
                                                     3715

                                                     ZltKo(1971),
                                                     AMIC-3711;

                                                     Zltko(1971),
                                                     ANIC-3715
                                                                                                   Samoles ot Hater, silt, bettor,    Moubry, et
                                                                                           debris, bottom organisms, and  fish Mere   al
                                                                                           taken  in 1966 from a creek ad)acent  to an (1968),AHIC-
                                                                                           orchard which had been treated  in         3753
                                                                                           1963-1065 xlth various chlorinated
                                                                                           hydrocarbon pesticides.  No residues  were
                                                                                           found  in water samples.  Silt samples
                                                                                           contained 0.002-0.013 ppm endrln and
                                                                                           0-0.005 pom dleldrln. Endrln residues ot
                                                                                           0.011-0.0?5 pom and 0.00?-0.006 ppii
                                                                                           dleldrln were found In debris samoles.
                                                                                           Despite limited control data, residue
                                                                                           analyses Indicated that contamination of
                                                                                           the environment studied was limited.

-------
H
Coaoound
000
DOO
000
000
000
000
000
Oraan 1 sm
Phlnichthys
atratulus
Gammarus so*
Sal vel Inus
fontlnal Is
Semotl lus
atromacul at us
Cottus balrdl
Slal Is so.
(1 nrvael
Carasslus
auratus
Field Field
Study Locat Ion
FS Knlqhts
CreeK, Dun
Count y ,
wise.
FS Knlqhts
Crpek, Dun
Coun t y ,
Wise.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
Count y,
Hlsc.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
Hlsc.
FS Kniqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
Hlsc.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
Hlsc.
I
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Pom or Noted Comments
0.76 -- same as above
(fat
residue)
0.007 (whole -- same as above
bodyresldue)
residue)
0.26-1.0"! -- same as above
(fat
residue)
0 .53-0.67 ( fat -- same as above
residue)
0.<»-0.
-------
            000
           000
           000
           000
VJI
           000
           000
           000
           oon
           000
           000
           000
           000
Palaemonetes  8CF
Ka'llakensls
 (adult)
Daphnla maqna BCF
(adult)
                                Palaemonetes  BCF
                                Kadlakensls
                                (adult)
                                                                  0.04  (residue)   a*
                                                                  0.0001  (S83)
                                 0.0001 (SB3)
                                Archootltes   FL    Clear Lake.  316 (flesh
                                Interruotus         Cal.         residue)
Orthodon FL
mlcrolepl-
dotus
Pomoxls FL
nlgromaeulatu
s
Aechmophorus FL
occidental is
Bucephala FL
cl angula
Larus spp. FL
Larus . FL
delanarensls
Merqus FL
merganser
Plankton FL
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
0.5-7.0 (flesh
residue)
10-2
-------
Comoound
000
000
000
000
ono
ON 000
000
000
000
Organism
Arrhoo 1 1 tes
Interruotus
Ic talurus
catus
Ic tal urus
catus
Lavlnl a
ex 1 1 1 cauda
Lenoml s
cy ane 1 1 us
Leoomls
cy ane 1 1 us
Ml crooterus
sal mol des
Mlcronterus
sal moldes
P»rca
f 1 avescens
Field
Study
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FLR
Flel d
Locat Ion
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal .
C 1 f ar L ak e ,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
93 sampl Ing
stations In
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
3,97? (fat
residue)
1.3-1U". (flesh
residue)
220-2,350 (fat
residue)
less than 1-2
(flesh
residue)
2 (flesh
residue)
1D3 (fat
residue)
0.2-111 (flesh
residue)
28-1.37 (fat
residue)
0.21.-5.7
(residue)
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
-- same as above
same as above
— - same as above
same as above
— same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Fish Indigenous to Massachusetts
freshwater streams were analyzed for DOT
Reference
Linn, etal
(1969) .
L Inn, e t
AL ( 1 96 9) ,
Linn, et
AMIC-S521
L Jnn.e t al
( 1969) ,
AHIC-5S21
L Inn, et al
(1969) ,«MIC-
L Inn, et al
(1969) .AHIC-
L Inn.et al
(1969) ,
Linn, etal
(1969) ,
AMIC-5521
Lyman, et al
(1968) ,
                                         Mass.
                                                                                and DOT metabolites during 1965-1967.      AMIC-3839
                                                                                Generally there was an Increase In
                                                                                oestlclde content during the three year
                                                                                period.
000
                     Leoonls
                                   FLR   93 sampling  0-6.7
                                                                                       sane as above
                                                                                                                          Lyman, et al

-------
000
000
000
000
ODD
000
000
                     glbbosus
                     Catostomus
                     commersonl
                     Ictalurus
                     nebulosus
                     Cyorlnus
                     carolo
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                     Esox nlger    FLR
                     Notemlqonus
                     crysoleucas
                     Semotllus     FLR
                     corporalIs
                     Leoomls       FLR
                     macrochlrus
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 samollng
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 samollng
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 samollnq
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 sampling
                    statlons In
                    Mass.

                    93 sampling
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 samolIng
                    stations In
                    Mass.

                    93 samel Ing
                    stations In
                    Mass.
                                                       (residue)
             0.03-12.5
             {residue)
                                                       1.2  (residue)
             0.21.-1.9
             (residue)
                                                       0.30  (residue)
             0.15-2.7
             (residue)
             0.07-1..3
             (residue)
             0.1.8-7.3
             (residue)
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman, et •!
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman, et al
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman, et al
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     OMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman, etal
                                                                     (195?).
                                                                     AMTC-3839

                                                                     Lymant et al
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     SMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyiran, et al
                                                                     (196*) .
                                                                     &MIC-3839

                                                                     Ly»an, et al
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-3839
000
000
000
000
000
                      Ambloolltes   FLR
                      ruoestrls
                     Senotllus     FLR
                     atromaculatus
                      Mlcrooterus   FLR
                      do)omleul
                      Alosa
                     p seudo-
                     harengua
                                   FLR
Fundulus      FLR
heterocl1tus
93 samollng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samolIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samolIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samolIng
stations In
Mass.
                                 0.30-10.8
                                 (residue)
                                 0.18-0.61.
                                 (residue)
                                 0.20-0.5D
                                 (resldue)
                                                       0.88  (residue)   ~
1.7-3.6
(residue)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
Lyman, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968),
4MIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3839

Lyxan, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3839
000
                     Notrools
                                   FLR    93  samollng   0.8-2.0
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                                                            Lyaan, et al

-------
CD
Compound

ono
000
000
000
000
Orqanl s«
cornu tus
ROCCUS
amer Icanus
Pomox I s
nigro-
maculatus
Leoomls
aur 1 tus
Phlnlchthys
at r a t u 1 us
Cyorlnus
carplo
Field Field
Study Locat Ion
s ta 1 1 ons In
Mass.
FLR 91 samol Inq
stat 1 ons In
Mass.
FLR 93 samol Inq
stations In
Ma-is.
FLR 93 sampl Inq
stat 1 ons In
H3SS.
FLR 93 samollnq
s t a 1 1 ons 1 n
M8SS.
FR St. Laurence
Plver i
Toxlcity,
Active
Inqr ed 1 en t •
Ppm
(residue)
0.1.-1.3
(residue)
ID. 7 (residue)
O.if6 (residue)
0.1,0 (residue)
0. 38 (O.IiO pom
max tissue
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments Reference
( 19F.M ,
tMIC-3839
-- same as above Lv"an» et
( 19F.M ,
SMIC-3S39
same as above Lynan, et
(lOftB) .
AMIC-3839
— same as above Lyman, et
(19F.B) ,
AMIC-3J39
same as above Lyman, ot
(196.S) ,
iMIC-3839
— Residues of nnn Here measured In Fredeen*
water, mud, molluscs, and fish durlnq and al (1970)


at
al
al
a 1
et
t
         000
         000
         000
                                                  Montreal,    residue)
                                                  Canada
                                        after ODD aopllcatlon In 1967.  Sampling  AMIC-53,
«MIC-53
-------
6
         000
         000
         000
         ODD
         OOE 
-------
>
o
Compound



ODE CC-K, labelled)




OOF (C-l", label led)




DOt rC-l
-------
OOF CC-1* labelled)




DOC (C-ld labelled)




DOE to,o-}

Rotifers
(Aaplanchnop-
ua. No to ma t-
ta, Euclaris,
Scardium)
Mater




Anqull la
rostrata
L
(Hod.
el
OOOST
stem)
L
(Hod.
el
eco ays
ten)
FRL St. John,
N.B., Can.
1 Ib per A
(NTE)



0.008
(residue)



0.5 (residue)

a,c, g.
standard
reference
water and
sand
»»o,c.
standard
reference
water and
sand
— —

DOE (0,0-)
DOE (0,0")
                     Esox nlqer
                                   FRL   St. John,
                                         N.B., Can.
                     Sal mo salar   FRL   St. John,
                                         N.B., Can.
                                                       0.16  (residue)
                                                       0.22  (residue)  —
OOE (D,p">

OOE (D.p")

OOE (0,D">

DOC (o,p">

OOt Co,p")

DOC fp«p")
Clupea
harenqus
Scomber
scombrus
Mytl lus
edul Is
Gadus morhua

Urophycls
tenuls
Hlppo-
glossoidea
FRL

FRL

FRL

FRL

FRL

FRL
St. John,
N.B., Can.
St. John,
N.B., Can.
St. John,
N.R., Can.
St. John,
N.P., Can.
St. John,
N.B., Can.
St. John,
N.R., Can.
0.06-0.2
                     Dlatessoldes

                     Sebastodes    FRL   St. John,
                                                      trace
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
        PCR"s Mere found In hlqher
concentrations than organochlorlne
pesticides In all fish analyzed.  The
authors point out that PCB Is less toxic
In an acute sense than organochlorlne-s,
that little Is KnoMn of sublethal PCB
effects, and that more Knowledge of PCB
distribution and effects Is needed.

       same as above
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                                                            Metcalf,  «t
                                                                                                                            al(1971),
                                                                                                                            AHIC-li.95
                                                                                                                            Metcalf,  et
                                                                                                                            al  (1971),
                                                                                                                            AHIC-1I.S5
                                                                                                                            71tKo(1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-3715
                                          7ItKo
                                          (1971) , AMIC-
                                          3715
                                          ZltKo
                                          (1971) ,
                                          3715
                                                                                                                            21tKo(1971) ,
                                                                                                                            BMIC-3715
                                                                                                                            Zlt*oU97U,
                                                                                                                            A1IC-371S
                                                                                                                            ZltKo
                                                                                                                            (1071)
                                                                                                                            3715
                                                                                                                            21tko(1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-3715
                                          AMIC-3715

                                          Zltko
                                          (1971) ,
                                          AHIC-371S

                                          ZltKo(1971) ,

-------
Coaoound

OOE
OOF
OOF
fe
ru
DOE
OOE
OOE
OHE
DIE
OOE
OOE
Organlsn
Bar Inus
Caro
Channe 1
catfish
Redhorse
sucker
Gizzard shad
Spotted
sucker
Btueqll Is
Redbreast
sunf Ish
Striped
nul let
Blue catfish
Rock bass
Freshwater
druB
Field Field
S t udy Locat I on
N.n.,
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
FRL MISC.
FRL Misc.
FRL MISC.
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
FRL Misc.
Can.
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Pom or Noted
(residue)
0.03-2.93
residue (S3)
0.0<.-<.2.3
residue (SB)
0.03-0.36
residue (SB)
0.27-1.5".
residue (SB)
0.29-0.1.5
residue (SB)
0.01.-0.81
residue (SB)
0.02 residue
(SB)
O.OS-I..55
residue (SB)
1.87 residue
(SB)
0.08-0.60
residue (SB)
0.26 residue —
(SB)
Comments

same as above
sane as above
sane as above
same as above
sane as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
sane as above
sane as above
Reference
AMIC-371S
Hen^rson,
et al
(1971), AMIC-
11.07
Henderson ,
et al (1971) ,
AMIC-11.07
Hendfson.et
81 (1171),
AMIC-ll.07
Henderson ,
et al (1971) ,
AMIC-11.07
Henderson,
et al (19'1) ,
AHIC-11.07
H enderson,
et al (1971),
AMIC-11.07
Henderson,
et al (1971) ,
AMIC-11.07
Henderson,
etsl (1971).
AMIC-li.07
Henderson,
et al (19'1) ,
AMIC-H.07
Henderson,
et al (1971) ,
AMIC-li.07
Henderson ,
et al (1971) ,

-------
         DOE
                              Bloater
                                            FPL    Hlsc.  states
                                                                1.07-3.52
                                                                residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson et
                                                                                                                            al (1071),
                                                                                                                            1MIC-1I.07
         OOF
         ODE
                     Lake          FRL
                     NhltefIsh
                                                   Hlsc.  states
                              Lake trout    FRL    Hlsc.  states
                                                                0.3
-------











r
IK
ro





















Co*oound

OOF


OOE


OOF


OOE


OOE


OOF


OOE


OOF


OOF


OOE


OOE


Field
Orqanlsm Study

RlaeK crappl* FRL


Larqescale FRL
sucher

Smsl (mouth FRL
bass

Northern FRL
souaxf Ish

Chlselmouth FRL


Klamath FRL
sucher

Rainbow trout FRL


Brldqellp FRL
sucher

Arctic FRL
qray 1 109

Pound FRL
Khltet Jsh

lonqnos* FRL
sucker

Field
Locat Ion

Misc. states


Misc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Misc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Hlsc. states


Toxlelty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted

O.itO-0. 9
-------
         OOE
                              Hhlte sucker  FRL   Misc. States 0.OS-It.8?
                                                               residue  (SB)
         OOE
                              Yell OH perch  FRL   Misc. states 0.03-?.1.1
                                                               residue  (SB)
                                                                    The Bureau of Sport Fisheries     Henderson,
                                                            continued Its  fish monitoring program by  et  al
                                                                                          collecting 147 composite  fish  samples
                                                                                          from 50 nationwide  monitoring  stations
                                                                                          during the fall of  1969.  Fish were
                                                                                          analyzed  for residues of  11
                                                                                          organochlorlne Insecticides,  llplds, and
                                                                                          PCB-s.

                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                       (1971),
                                                                                                       AMIC-K.07
                                                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                                                      etal  (1971),
                                                                                                      AMIC-11.07
r
vn
         OOE
         OOE
         OOE
         OOE
         DOE
         DOC
         OOE
         OOE
                              Chain
                              PlcKerel
              FRL   Misc. states 0.06 residue
                                 (SB)
                              White catfish FRL   Misc. states 0.38-0.86
                                                               residue  (SB)
                              White perch   FRL   Misc. states O.Sit-10.9
                                                               residue  (SB)
                              Goldfish      FRL   Misc. states l.tk residue
                                                               (SB)
                              Pumpklns«?ed   FRL   Misc. states O.Z3 residue
                                                               (SB)
                              Largemouth    FRL   Misc. states 0.10-5.85
                              bass                             residue  (SB)
                              Brown
                              bulI head
              FRL   Misc. states 0.01-1.65
                                 residue (SB)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Henderson,
et al (1971),
AMIC-11.87

Henderson,et
al (1971),
AMIC-lf.07

Henderson,
et al(1971),
AMIC-11.07

Henderson,
et al
(1971),AMIC-
11.07

Henderson,
et al
(1971),AHIC-
11.07

Henderson,et
at (1971),
AMIC-11.07

Henderson,
et al(1971),
AHTC-H.07
Llmneohllus   FS    Knights      0.006 (whole
rhombleus           Creek, Dun   body residue)
(larvae)            County,Hlsc.
                                                                                                  Samoles of Hater, silt, bottom     Moubry,  et
                                                                                          debris, bottom organisms, and  fish  were    al  (1968),
                                                                                          taken  In 1966 from a creeh adjacent  to an  AMIC-3753
                                                                                          orchard which had been  treated In
                                                                                          1963-1965 with various chlorinated
                                                                                          hydrocarbon pesticides.  No residues were
                                                                                          found  In water samples.  Silt  samples
                                                                                          contained 0.007-0.013 ppm endrln and
                                                                                          0-0.005 ppm dteldrln. Endrln residues of

-------
Compound
Field Field
Organlsn Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingred 1 en t *
Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
Reference
k
         DOE
         DOC
         OOF
         OOF
         DOE
         OOF
        DOE
Slal Is so. FS
( 1 arvae)
Ganmarus so. FS
Sal vel Inus FS
font Insl Is
Semot 1 lus FS
atr omacul a tus
Knlqh ts
Creek, Dun
Count y ,
Wise.
Knlqhts
Crpok, Dun
Count y,
Wise.
Knlqhts
Crnpk , Dun
Coun f y ,
Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
Coun t y ,
Wise.
o.oos
( who t ebody
residue)
0.01 (whole
bodyresldue)
raaldue )
0.3-l.Mfat
residue)
1. 03-1. 53f fat
residue)
                              Cottus balrdl  FS
                              Rhinlchthys   FS
                              stratulus
                             Enqraulls     FM
                             mordax
                                                  Knlqhts      D.6-0.7  (fat
                                                  Croek,  Dun   residue)
                                                  County,
                                                  Wise.
 Knights
 Creek, Dun
 County,
 Hlsc.
1.92(fat
residue)
Pacific      0.06-0.17(res
Northwest    idue)
Coast, Grays
Harbor,
Hash.
                                                                                          0.011-0.025  ppm  and  0.002-5.006  ppm
                                                                                          dleldrln  were  found  In  debris  samples.
                                                                                          Respite  limited  control  data,  residue
                                                                                          analyses  indicated  that  contamination  of
                                                                                          the  environment  studied  Has  limited.
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 sane  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                  Pesticides  from the Columbia
                          River  Into Puget Sound apparently
                          contaminated  fish constltutlna commercial
                          catches In Pacific  Northwest  waters.
                          Residues In these marine  products  were
                          substantially  lower than  the  FDA
                          tolerance for  beef  (7 pom).   Fish  from
                          locations near  the  mouth  of the Columbia
                          River  had higher pesticide content  than
                          ones caught farther away.
                                                                                                                                    Moubry
                                                                                                                                    al
                                                                                                                                    Moubry,  et
                                                                                                                                    al  (1968),
                                                                                                                                    Moubry,  et
                                                                                                                                    al  (196S),
                                                                                                                                    Moubry,  et
                                                                                                                                    al  (1366),
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-3753
                                                                                   Moubry,  et
                                                                                   al  (1066) ,
                                                                                   AMIC-3TS3
 Koubry, ef
 al  (136(1),
 AMIC-3753
Stout
(1968),
AMIC-3781,

-------
DOE
OOF
DOE
ODE
ODE
DOE
ODE
 DOE
 DOE
Sohastodes    FM
fIavldus
Sehastories    FM
I I avldus
Platichthys    FM
stelIatus
 Gadus         FM
 macroceohalus
Cancer         FM
maglster
 Cancer         FM
 maqlster
 Paroohrys     FM
 vetuI us
 Merlucclus
 eroductus
 Merlucclus    FM
 oroductus
Hash.

Pnclf Ic
Northwest
Coast,
Hecate
Strait, B.C.

Pacl( 1C
Northwest
Coast,
Tlwaco,Hash.

Paclf Ic
Northwest
Coast,
Blalne,
Hash.

PacITIc
Northwest
Coast,
Blalne,

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Destruction
Island,
Hash.

Pacif Ic
Northwest
Coast,
II waco,
Hash.

PacU Ic
Northwest
Coast,
Rlaine,
Hash.

 Paclf ic
 Northwest
 Coast,
 Sarasota
 Passage,
 Hash.

 Pacific
 Northwest
0.1)2-0.OA
(residue)
0.09-0.<»2
(residue)
                                                       0.02(resldue)
                                                       0.01  (residue)   —
                                                       0.039(resldue>  —
 0.03-0.0<»
 (residue)
 0.01-0.05
 (residue)
 0.08) ,
AMIC-378«i
                                                                      Stout
                                                                      (1968),
                                                                      AHIC-3781*
                                                                      Stout
                                                                       (1968) ,
                                                                      AMIC-378i»
                                                                      Stout
                                                                      (1968),
                                                                      AMIC-378U
Stout
(1968),
»MIC-378
 Stout
 (1968) ,
 AMIC-378'f
 Stout
 (1968).

-------
k
CD
Conoound

DOE
DOE
DOE
DOE
DOE
DOE
DOE
Organism

Her lucelus
produc tu5
Mer 1 ucclus
produc tus
(f Ishmeal )
Sebastodes
al utus
Carasslus
auratus
TrI turus
cr Istatus
Sana
temporarla
Daphnla nagna
(adult)
Field Field
Study Location
Coast, Fort
Susan, Hash*
FM Pacific
Northwest
Coast, Cape
Foul weather.
Ore.
FM Pacific
Northwest
Coast ,
Aberdeen,
Mash.
FM Pacific
Northwest
Coast ,
Hecate
Strait, B.C.
t
I
I
BCF —
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom

0. 07 (residue)
0.37 (residue)
0.01 (residue)
I..7-8.2
(resl due)
0.23-0.6^
(residue)
0.001-0.01
mlcroqram
(residue)
1.8 (residue)
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments

same as above
— - sa..ie as above
— same as above
a* Goldfish were exposed to
Increasing concentrations of DOT and
residues determined after 21 days of
exposure. Most DDT had been converted to
DDE. PhenobariTal had no significant
effect on Insecticide residues.
DDT caused hyperac t 1 vl ty In
exposed tadpoles. This caused Increased
caoture lunges of newts thus Increasing
the predatory efficiency of the newts.
DDT had no apparent effect on the newts.
— same as above
a» Magnification of DOT and Aldrln
tagged with C-14 occurred rapidly.
Pef *>r ence
4MIC-S781.
Stout
(19f>8) .
4MIC-37*!.
Stout
(19681 ,
AHIC-378<.
Stout
(1968) ,
AMIC-378
-------
 DOE
ODE
DOE
OOF
OOE
DOE
OOE
DOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
                      Gammarus
                      faseiatus
                          l t)
Palaemonetes
kartlakensls
(adult)

Hexaqenla
bl I ineata
(nymph)
                      Ischnura
                      vertical Is
                      (naiad)
                                    BCF   —
                                    BCF   ~
                                    BCF
                                    BCF
                     Libellula  sp.  BCF
                      (naiad)
                      Chlronomus    BCF
                      sp.  (larva)
                      Daohnla  waqna BCF
                      (adult)
Gannarus
1aselatus
(adult)

Palaemonetes
karilakensls
(adult)

Hexaqenla
bitIneata
(nymoh)

Ischnura
vertical Is
(naiad)
                                   BCF
                                   BCF
                                   BCF   —
                                   BCF
                                  O.it  (rasldue)   a*
                                                       0.7 (residue)    a>
                                                        .it  (residue)    a"
                                 0.2  (residue)   a*
                                 O.OZ  (residue)  a*
                                 0.1 (residue)   a*
                                 0.0001 (SB3)    a*
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)     a*
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)    a*
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)    a*
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)    a*
                                                            conclude  that  aquatic  Invertebrates
                                                            Influence Quality  and  quantity  of
                                                            Insecticide residue  passed  via  the fish
                                                            food chain.

                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
Johnson, et
81
(1971), AHIC-
38ZO

Johnson, et
al (1971),
OMIC-38JO

Johnson, et
a I
(19?!) .AMIC-
38?0

Jchnson, et
al
3830

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
Johnson, et
al
(1971) ,aiic-
3830

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
AHIC-3821

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
AMIC-3820

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
AMIC-3820

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
AMIC-3823

Johnson, et
al  (1971),
AMIC-3820

-------
Compound
DOE
DOE
Field Field
Organism Study location
Libel lul a sp. BCF
(naiad)
Chlronomus BCF
sp. (larva)
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqred 1 en t ,
Pom
0.0001 (SB3)
0.0001 (SB3)
Exper 1 men tal
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
a* same as above
a* same as above
Pet erence
Johnson , e t
al (1971) ,
AMIC-3870
J ohns on, e t
Bl (1971) ,
AMIC-3820
         ODE
C
O
         ODE
                               Mlcropterus    FL     Clear  Lake,   0.3-9  (flesh
                               salnolcles            Cal.          residue)
Hlcropterus   FL
saImoldes
Clear Lake,  82 (fat
Cal.         residue)
                                                                    Residue analysis results  mainly    Linn,  et
                                                            tor TDF In fish, birds, and plankton  from  ALI1969),
                                                            19^9 throuqh 1965 were reoorted.   The      AMIC-SS21
                                                            residues ortmarlly resulted from
                                                            apollcatlon of DOT to  farmland  and  for
                                                            qnat control.  In somf* cases, data  for a
                                                            slnqle animal  In one year wore  qiven.
                                                            Primary emphasis was on larqemouth  bass
                                                            and whltp catfish.  The qeneral  level of
                                                            TDE contamination In birds and  fish
                                                            declined markedly from 195R to  1961;.
                                                            This decline correlated directly  with
                                                            strict limitation by permits  of DOT
                                                            applications durlnq the latter  years.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                                                     L Inn, et al
                                                                                                                                     ( 1969) , AHIC-
         DOE
         DOE
         ODE
         DOE
                               Aechmophorus   FL
                               occIdentalIs
                              Larus  sop.     FL
                              Larus          FL
                              delawarensls
Perea         FLR
flavescens
                    Clear Lake,  33-2,360  (tat
                    Cal.         residue)
                                                   Clear  Lake,   300-<»02
                                                   Cal.          (residue)
                    Clear Lake,  92-2700 (fat
                    Cal.         residue)
                                                   93  sampling   0.25-3.6
                                                   stations  In   (residue)
                                                   Mass.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                Fish  indigenous to Massachusetts
                                        freshwater streams were analyzed  for  DOT
                                        and DOT metabolites during 1965-1967.
                                        Generally there was an Increase  In
                                        pesticide content during  the  three  year
                                        period.
L Inn, e t
AL(iq ,
AMIC-5S21

Linn, et al
(1969) ,
AMIC-55?!

Linn, et al
( 1969) .AHIC-
5521

Lyman, et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-3S39

-------
H
U)
         DOE
         ODE
         OOF.
         DOE
         ODE
         DOE
         OOE
         DOE
         OOE
         OOE
                              Lepomls
                              glbbosus
                              Catostomus
                              commersonl
                              Ictalurus
                              nebul osus
                              Cyprlnus
                              earplo
                              Esox nlqer
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
Notemlqonus   FLR
crysolsue as
                              Semotllus     FLR
                              corporal Is
                              Leoomls       FLR
                              macrocMrus
                              Ambloplltes   FLR
                              rupestrls
                              Semotllus     FLR
                              atromaculatus
93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 sampling
stations In
Mass.

93 sampl1ng
stations In
Mass.

93 sampling
stations In
Mass.

93 sampl1ng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 sampling
stations In
Mass.

93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
                                 D.16-3.5
                                 (residue)
                                 0.16-14.6
                                 (residue)
                                                                0.9  (residue)
                                 1.6-i».8
                                 (residue)
                                                                (resldue)
0.39-U.2
(residue)
                                 0.17-7.1.
                                 (residue)
                                 0. la-it.d
                                 (residue)
                                 0.76-1,.3
                                 (residue)
                                 0.i»6-3.i»
                                 (residue)
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
Lyman, et al
(1968) t
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968) .
AMIC-3R39

Lyman, et al
(1968) .
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-3839

Lyman.et al
(1968) ,
A1IC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3S39
                                                                                                                                            et al
                                                                      (1958) ,
                                                                     Lyman,  et  al
                                                                      (196P) ,
                                                                     AMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman,  et  al
                                                                      (1968) ,
                                                                     AMIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman,  et  al
                                                                      (1963) ,
                                                                     AMIC-3839
         OOE
         OOE
         DOE
                              Mlcropterus   FLR
                              dot om1eul
                               Al osa
                               pseudo-
                               harengua
                                            FLR
Fundulus      FLR
het*roclItus
93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.

93 samplIng
stations In
Mass.
                                 0.3-0.82
                                 (residue)
                                                                1.08  (residue)   —
1.16-it.l
(residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
Lyman, et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(19681,
AMIC-3839

-------
H-
U»
Compound
DOE


OOE


DOE


DOC

OtK


OOE


DOE


OOF



Orqanls*
Notropls
cornutus

Poccus
anerlcanus

Pomoxls
nlgro-
maoulatua
Fundu 1 us
a] aphanu

No tropl s
anatostanus

Lepomls
aur 1 tus

Phlnlchthys
atratulus

Cyorlnus
carolo


Field
Study
FLR


FLR


FLR


FLR

FLR


FLR


FLR


FR



Field
Locat Ion
93 samp! Inq
stations In
Mass.
93 sampl Inq
stations In
Mass.
93 sampl ing
stations In
Mass.
93 saflipllnq
stat 1 ons In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampl Inq
static ns in
Mass.
93 samol Ing
stations In
Hass.
St. Lawrence
Plwer,
Montreal >
Canada
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlenti
Ppm
0.50-2.6
(residue)

0. 3it-l.it
(residue)

1.9

-------
         DOE
         DOE
         DOE
         OOE
                              Esox  luelus   FR
                              Ambloolltes
                              rupestrls
                              PlsMlum sp.   FR
                              Campelona sp.  FR
 St.  Lawrence  0.38  (O.i»3
 River,        ppmmax  tissue
 Montreal,     residue)
 Canada

 St.  Lawrence  0.38(0.05 Dpm
 River,        max tissue
                                                  Montreal,
                                                  Canada
                                                               residue)
St. Lawrence 0.38 (0.03t>

                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al (1970),
                                          AMIC-531,
                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al (1970),
                                          AMTC-S34
         OOE
                              Catostomus
                              commersonl
                                            FR
         DOT .(C-l<> labelled)  Oaphnla maqna BCF
                              (adult)
UJ
CO
        DOT    labelled)   Gammarus
                              tasclatus
                              (adult)
                                            BCF
        DOT  CC-1*  labelled)   OPCOnPCtes    BCF
                              nals (adult)
        DOT  (C-l«t  label lei)   Palaemonetes   BCF
                              hadlakensls
                              (adult)

        DOT  
                                                                                                 same as above
        Maqnltlcatlon of DOT and Aldrln
taqqed with C-1U occurred rapidly.
Bloloqlcal magnification factors of 2900
to 11>»,100 depending on the species were
found tor DOT, and ?2,BOO to l«.l,00fl tor
Aldrln.  Marked degradation of DDT as
determined by analysis for DDT
metabolites occurred.  The authors
conclude that aquatic Invertebrates
Influence quality and quantity of
Insecticide residue passed via the fish
food chain.

       same  as above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                               same as above
                                          Fredeen, ei
                                          al
                                          (1970>,»1tC-
Johnson, «T
  al (1971),
AMIC-3820
                                          Johns on,et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-3830

                                          Johnson,et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-3630

                                          Johnson,et
                                          al (197D,
                                          AMTC-7S20

                                          Johnson,et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-3820

                                          Johnson, et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-3820

                                          Johnson,et
                                          al (1971),

-------
Field Field
Compound Organism Study Location
(nymph)
DOT (C-l* labelled) Slphlonurus BCF
sp (nymph)
DOT (C-l t
al (1971),
Johnson , e t
al (1971),
AMIC-38?0
Johnson, et
al (1971) ,
ANIC-38'O
J ohnson,p t
al (1971),
AMIC-38?0
Johnson, et
al (1971),
AHIC-38ZO

-------
H
UJ
VJ)
        DOT l labelled)  Slphlonurus   BCF
                             sp.  (nvmoh)
        DOT 
-------
r-1
UJ
ON

Compound
DOT (C-f. label led)





OUT (C-t* labelled)




DOT (C-l". label led)




DOT (C-l* label led)




DOT (C-l<> labelled)




DOT fC-lt labelled)




DOT CC-1* labelled)




DOT CC-1% labelled)





rtrqanism
Protozoa
(Huclearla,
Coleps,
Vorticella,
and
Faramecium)
Rotifers
(Asplanchnop-
us , No toma t-
ta, Euclarls,
Scardlum)
Hater




Physa spp




Oaphnia msqna




Culex plplens
qulnquo—
fascia tua


Oedogonlu*
cardlacuD



Ga«nusla
• f finis



F 1 P t d Field
S tudv Locat 1 on
L
(Mod-
el
eoosy
stem)

L
(Hod-
el
eoosy
stem)
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
atom)
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
a tern)
L
(Mod-
el
ecosy
stem;
L
(Mod-
el
ecosys
tern)
L
(Mod-
al
acosy
st«B)
L ~~
(Mod.
el
ecosr
•t«m)
Toxlcity, Experimental
Active Variables.
Ppm or Noted Comments
1 Ib per A afCt<)t same as above
(NTE) standard
r pf erpnce
water and
sand

1 Ib per A a,c,q, same as above
(NTF.) standard
r ef erpnce
Hater and
sand
0«OQJ* atc,gy same as above
(residue) standard
reference
water and
sand
27.9 (residue) a.c.q, same as above
standard
ret erence
Hater and
sand
1 Ib per A a,c,q, same as above
(K-NTEI standard
reference
Hater and
sand
8.9(resldue) 3,c,q, same as above
standard
reference
nater and
sand
1 Ib Per A a,c,q, same as 'above
(NTE) standard
reference
Hater and
sand
5i».2 (residue! a.c.q, sane as above
standard
reference
Hater and
sand

Re f erence
Metcalf, et
al (1971) ,
ANIC-l<.9c;



MetcalT, et
al (1971),
AMTC-1<.9";


Metcalf, et
31 (1971),
AMIC-f.95


Metcal f , et
al (1971),
AMIC-li.95


Hetcalf, et
al (1971),
AHic-nto1;


Metcalf, et
al (1971),
AHIC-K.95


Metcalf, et
nl (1971),
AMIC-1I.9S


Metcalf, et
al (1971),
AMIC-lfc95



-------
          DOT (C-ld  labelled)
          DOT  (C-ld  labelled)
H
UJ
         DOT  (C-li.  labelled)
         DOT  (0,0")
         DOT  (olus DOT
         analogs)
Diatoms
(Navicula,
Coscinodis-
cua, Dip-
loness, and
Oiatomella)

Salvel Inus
font InalIs
                               SalvelInus
                               tontlnalIs
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorpha
Llmnephllus
rhomblcus
(I arvae)
                                             L
                                             (Hod-
                                             el
                                             BOOST
                                             stem)


                                             BCFCM —
                                             BCFCH —
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                             FS
             1 Ib per A
             (NTE)
                                                                0.000003
                                                                (0.0256ppm
                                                                accumulation
                                                                120 d)
Knights
Creek, Dun
County,Wise.
                a,c,q,
                standard
                reference
                Hater and
                sand
             0.01.5 mg per kg a
             (l.SZppm
             accumulat ion
             120 d)
                                                                0.03 (Tl)
                             a*,c,e,f,
                             hard (HH)
                             or
                             SOFT(SH)
                             synthetic
                             dilution
                             Hater,  or
                             seawater
                             for some
                             species
0.021. (whole
body residue)
                                          Metcalf, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                This study Has an attempt to      WaceK, et al
                                        evaluate, under laboratory conditions,    (1970),
                                        the relative Importance of food and Hater »MIC-Si.<.
                                        as sources of ODT for fish and to relate
                                        these observations to natural
                                        environments.  To simulate conditions In
                                        Lake Michigan, fish Here exposed to Hater
                                        containing 3 olus or minus 0.3 opt DOT,
                                        and others Here fed 3 plus or minus 0.15
                                        pom DOT (D-Oif*: mo/kq/day) for 120 days.
                                        Whole body accumulations were determined
                                        throughout the test by measuring C-l**
                                        radioactivity In fish.  The results shoH
                                        that fish accumulated 3.5 percent of the
                                        DDT available In the Hater and 35.5
                                        percent of that available In food.  It Is
                                        concluded that the food chain is the
                                        major source of DDT in fish.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                      Hacek, et al
                                                                                                      (1970) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-8i.it
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, netting aqents. and           (1969),
miscellaneous nater pollutants showed a   AMIC-5U75
Hide range of toxlcity soannlng 12 orders
of magnitude.  KnoHinq the toxlcity and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxicity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic in hard nater
and sometimes the opooslte Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.

        Samples of water, silt, bottom    r"oubry, et
debris, bottom organisms, and fish Here   al  (1968),
taken In 19fi6 from a creek adjacent to an AMIC-3753
orchard Hhlch had been treated In
iges-ioes Hltn various chlorinated
hydrocarbon pesticides.  No resloues Here

-------
Conoound


OOT (olus OOT
analoqs)
'if OOT (olus OOT
' analogs)
OOT (olus DOT
ana 1 oqs)
OOT (olus OOT
•nal OTS)
OOT (olus DOT
analoqs)
DOT (olus OOT
•nal 091)
OOT (olus DTT
•nal O9s)
OOT (olus OOT
•nal oqs)
DOT (olus DDT
•naloqs)
nrqanls*


Slal Is sp.
( 1 arvae)
Gammqrus sp.
Sal VP| Inus
f on t Inal I s
Sei»ot 1 lus
atr omaru t a tus
Cottus balrdl
Phlnlchthys
atratulus
Sa 1 ve 1 Inus
f on t Ina 1 Is
Semot 1 tus
atronaeul atus
Cottus balrdl
Field Field
Study Locat Ion


FS Knlqhts
Creek , Dun
Count y.
Wise.
FS Knlqhts
Crppk , Dun
Count y,
HI sc.
FS Knlqhts
Creek , Dun
Count y,Hlsc.
FS Knlqhts
Crpek , Dun
Count y.Wlsc.
FS Knlqhts
OunCoun ty ,
Wise.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
Count y, Wise.
FS Knlqhts
CrppK , Dun
Count y, Wise.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County, Misc.
FS Knlqhts
CreeK,
Toxiclty,
Active
Tnqr ed lent ,
Pp«


0.016 (whole
body res 1 due )
0.003-0.013
(whole body
residue)
0.0 ppm
dleldrin were found In debris samples.
analyses Indicated that contamination of
the environment studied was limited.
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
-- same as above
-- same as above
same as above
same as above
sane as above
Reference


Houbry, R t
8 1 ( iafl) ,
SMIC-3753
Moubry, et
al (145M ,
AMIC-3751
MouBry, et
a 1 (l<9f>.t) ,
AHIC-3753
Houbry, et
al (1968),
AHIC-3753
Moubry, et
al (1968),

-------
G
vo
         DOT (olus DOT
         analogs)
                     Phlnlchthys
                     atratulus
      DunCounty,
      Misc.

FS    Knights      ?.» (fat
      Creek, Oun   residue)
      County,Misc.
         DOT (plus ?0 porcont Rasbora
         non-Ionic            heteromorpha
         ••ulslfler, 60
         percent naphtha)
                                   BCFA  --
                                   and
                                   BSA
                                                      0.11  (T2)
DOT (olus ?0 percent Rasbora
non-lonlc            heteromorpha
•nulslIler, 60
percent naphtha. In
•cetone)
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                               0.02 (T2)
                                   a*,c,o,f,
                                   hard (KW)
                                   or soft
                                   ISW) syn-
                                   thetic
                                   dilution
                                   water, or
                                   seawater
                                   for some
                                   species
a*,e,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
water, or
aeawator
for some
species
                                                                                                 same as above
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wettlnq aqents, and
miscellaneous Hater oollutants showed a
wide ranqe of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
of msqnltude.  Knoxlnq the toxlclty and
percentage of all comoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testlnq the actual material a^ sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-3753
                                                      Moubry, et
                                                      al  (1963),
                                                      AHIC-37ST

                                                      Alabaster
                                                      (19f>9> ,
                                          Alabaster
                                          (1969),
                                          AMIC-51.25
         DOT (olus 2<> percent Rasbora
         suspending agents)   heteromorpha
                                   BCFA
                                   and
                                   BSA
                                                      10.7 (Tl)
         DOT (plus 3 percent
         eaulslfier, d«
         percent naphtha)
                     Rasbora
                     heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                      0.11 (T2)
 a»,c,e,f,
 hard  (HH)
 or  soft
 (SW)
 synthetic
 d iIu 11 on
 water, or
 seawater
 for  some
 species

 a»,c,e,f,
 hard  (HH)
 or  soft
 (SW)
 synthetic
 dilution
 water, or
 seawater
 *or  some
 species
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                        Alabaster
                                                                                        (1969),
                                                                                        AMIC-51,25
                                                                                        same as above
                                          Alabaster
                                          (1969) ,
                                          AMIC-SI.25

-------
Field Field
Conoourxl Organism Study Location
DOT (plus 77 percent Pasbora BCFA —
China clay. 3 he terororpha andBS
0«rc»nt calcium A
sulfat*)






OOT (nlus 77 percent Pasbora BCFA
China clay* 1 he teromorpha and
percent calcium QSA
«ul f ate. 1 n
ACETONE)




OOT «p,o~-» Plneohales BSA —
Drome 1 as M
en)


Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments Reference
8.0 ,c,e,Tt sane as above Alabaster
hard (HH) ( llfil) ,
or soft AMIC-Si*??
(SW)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seaw a ter
forsome
soccles
0.001 (T?) &G,c,6,f, sane as above Alabaster
hard (IIW) (l«369i ,
or soft AMIC-SI,?';
(Srf) oyn-
thetie
water, or
soawa ter-
ror sono
species
0.007*» (T2) a*,c,e,f,k Rloas^ays conrluctpd Llncer, et
,l,n,and simultaneously Indicated th^t HOT Has al (1^70),
nagnesluii, considerably more toxic to fathead AMIC-'5509
iron, under continuous T 1 OH conditions.
calcium Decreasing oxyaen and i ncrpas Inq
OOT 
-------
                                                                      calclu*
DOT (0.o">
                     AnqulIla
                     rostr»ta
                                   FRL
                    St. John,
                    N.6.i Can.
                                 0.39 (residue)
DOT (0,0")



DOT Co,p")



DOT (0,0")


DOT lo.o")


DOT    a*
        PCR"s were  found  In Ktqher        Zltko(1971),
concentrations than orqanochlorlne        AMIC-3715
pesticides In all fish analyzed.  The
authors point out that PCP Is  less toxic
In an acute sense than orqanochlorlnes,
that little Is known of sublethal PCS
effects, and that more Knowledge of PCB
distribution and effects  Is needed.

       same as above      '                Zltko
                                          (1971),AMIC-
                                          3715

       same as above                      Zltko
                                          (1971),AMIC-
                                          3715

       same as above
       same as above
                                                                                                      AHIC-3715

                                                                                                      Zltko(1971l,
                                                                                                      ftMIC-3715

                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                                      AHIC-5i»35
                                                                                         Pne hundred sixty-four
                                                                                 pesticides, netting agents, and
                                                                                 nlsee 1 Ianeous Hater oollutants shoned  a
                                                                                 Hide ranqe of toxlclty spannlnq  12  orders
                                                                                 of maqnitude.  Knowinq the toxiclty and
                                                                                 oercentaqe of all coiioonents of  a
                                                                                 fornulation did not result In easy
                                                                                 predictability of the toxlclty of a
                                                                                 mixture of materials.  Somptimps
                                                                                 pesticides were most toxic In hard  water
                                                                                 and sotretlnes the opposite was true.
                                                                                 Testlnq the actual material as sold was
                                                                                 found  to be essential.
        DDT-reslstant mosoultoMsh were   Murphy
collected from a oond at Salinas,         (19711,
California.  Smaller fish (100 mq)        AMIC-1805
accumulated OOT-Cl
-------
Field Field
Co^oounl Organism Study Location
DOT (0,0", C-1U G»»busla L
labelled) clflnls
(0.1-1.5 g)

DOT (o,o"t plus 20 Rasbora BCFAa --
O«rc«nt o,p"OOT) heteromorphs nd
8SA









OOT (0,0", plus 20 Basbora BCFA
•percent o,p""ODT> he t»rofl*orpha and
BSA






DOT (o,p", plus 30 Salino trutta BCFA
percent o,p"ODT) (alevln) and
BSA







DOT fp,o**t plus 20 Rasbora BCFA —
percent o,p*"DDT) heteromorpha and
BSA

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Pom or Noted
0.00001.1 (0.01-0 a"
.0<* pom Hhole
body residue Z
d)
0.0031 a*,c,p, f ,
(TZ.hardwater) hard (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
d 1 1 u 1 1 on
water, or
seaw at er
tor some
species



O.OOOSi, a»,c,e,f,
(TZ.softHater) hard (HW)
or soft
(3W) oyn-
thotlc
water, or
soawater
for some
species
0.0035 (T3) a',c,e,t.
hard (HW)
or sort
(SW)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seanater
for some
species
0.017 (T2> a»,c,e,f.
hard (HH)
or soft
(SHI
Comments
same as above



One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wpttlnq agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants shoned a
wid* ranqp of toxlcity spanning 1? orders
of maqnltudo. Knowing the toxlcity and
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testlno the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
same as above








same as above









same as above



Pef er ence
Mur oh y
(1971) ,
•MIC-1805

« labaster
(1969) ,
AHIC-51.75









A 1 abaster
(1969) ,
AMIC-t;'.75






Alabaster
(1969) ,
AHIC-5I.35







A 1 abaster
(1969) ,
AMIC-5<.25


-------
         DOT  (DID", Plus  20
         percent o.o"OOT)
Salmo tputta
(alevln)
RCFA  —
and
BSA
                                                                0.011 (T2)
         DDT  (18  percent)
£
OJ
                               Rasbor»       BCFA  —
                               heteromorpha  and
                                             BSA
                                                                0.17 (T2>
         DOT
          DOT
                               Fish (not
                               spec! f le-1)
                                 greater than
                                 0.0001-0.001
                               White sucker  FRL   Misc. states 0.05-2.50
                                                                residue (SB)
          DOT
          DOT
         DOT
                               Redhorse
                               sucker
              FRL   Misc. states  0.02-0.25
                                  residue  (SB)
Gizzard shad  FRL    Misc. states  0.13-0.15
                                  residue  (SB)
                               Spotted
                               sucker
              FRL   Misc. states  0.1
-------





>
H







Conoound
nn T
Du l
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Organise

S t r 1 p*d
nu 1 1 e t
Rlu» cattish
Poch bass
Freshwater
drun
Bloater
Lake
•hi tef Ish
LaKe trout
White criipple
Rlgnouth
buf talo
Snal 1 nouth
bu t f a 1 o
Flathead
eatf Isn
Field Field
Study Location
FRL M 1 sc states

FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Misc. states
FRL Hlsc. States
Toxlclty, Exoer [rental
Active Variables^
Ingredient, Controlled
Pom or Noted

residue (SB)
0.071) ,
AMtC-ll.07
Henderson ,e t
al (1971),
AMIC-1«.07
Henrierson,et
al (1971),
4MIC-1I.07

-------
        DOT
        DOT
        DOT
                             Col n>v*
                              Hal I eye
                              Sauqer
                                            FPL    Misc.
                                            FRL   Misc.
                                            FRL   Misc.
                                                        states 0.0?-0.3<»
                                                               residue (SB)
                          states O.Oit-0.20
                                 residue  (SB)
                                                        states 0.18 residue
                                                               (SB)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                   Henderson,
                                                                                   *t al (1971) ,
                                                                                   AMIC-li.07

                                                                                   Henderson,
                                                                                   et al (1971) ,
                                                                                   AMIC-li.07

                                                                                   Henderson,et
                                                                                   a! (1971),
                                                                                   AMIC-H.D7
        DOT
                              Flannelmouth  FRL
                              sucker
                    Misc. states 0.19 residue
                                 (SB)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                   Henderson,et
                                                                                   si  (1971),
                                                                                   AHIC-li.07
f
        DOT
        DOT
                              Black         FRL
                              bulIhead
                    Misc. states 0.01-0.03
                                 residue (SH)
                              White hass   'FRL   Misc.
                                                        states 0.21 residue
                                                               (SB)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                    same  as  above
                                                                                   Henderson, et
                                                                                   al  (1971),
                                                                                   AMIC-lfcO?

                                                                                   Henderson,
                                                                                   et  al (lO'i),
                                                                                   AMIC-li.07
        DOT
        DOT
        DOT
        DOT
         DOT
        DOT
        DOT
                              Black erapole FRL   Misc.
                          states 0.22-0.?•;
                                 residue  (SB)
                              Larqescale    FRL
                              sucker
Small mouth    FRL
bass
                              Northern      FRL
                              sauawf Ish
                              Ktamath
                              sucker
                    Misc. states 0.05-0.<»5
                                 residue  (SB)
Misc. states fl.lft-0.20
             residue (SB)
                    Misc. states 0.0-5-0.10
                                 residue  (SB)
                              Chlselmouth   FRL   Misc.
                                            FRL   Misc.
                              Rainbow trout FRL   Misc.
                          states 0.07-0.09
                                 residue  (SB)
                          states  0.02 residue
                                  (SB)
                          states  0.03-0.07
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                 same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
Henderson, et
al (1971),
AMTC-1U07

Henderson , et
al (1971),
AMIC-li.07

Henderson, et
al (1971),
AMIC-1U07

Henderson.et
al (1971),
AHIC-1"»07

Henderson,
etal  (1971),
AMIC-11.07

Henderson,
etal  (1971),
AMIC-l
-------
Co*oound
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
ODT
DOT
DOT
ODT
DOT
Field
Orqanlsm Study
nrldq»llp FRL
sucHer
Arctic FRL
qr ay 1 1 nq
Pound FRL
whl tef ish
Lonqnose FRL
sucher
Yel 1 ox p»rch FRL
Chain FRL
pickerel
Hhl te catfish FRL
White perch FRL
Goldfish FRL
Bluegllls FRL
Redbreast FRL
sunf Ish
Field
Locat Ion
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Misc. states
Toxlclty, Experimental
Act 1 ve Variab 1 es,
Tnqredlent, Controlled
Ppm or Noted
0.38 residue
(SB)
0 . ?1 residue —
(Srt)
0.31. residue
(sa>
0.01-0.10
residue (SB)
o.os-j.se
residue (S8)
0.08 res 1 due —
(S81
0.21-0.31
residue (SB)
0.63-1.30
residue (SB)
0.65 residue
(SB)
0.0'»-O.Z
-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DDT
DOT
DOT
                      Pumoklnseed   FRL   Misc.  states 0.23 residue
                      Largemouth
                      buss
                      Brown
                      but I head
                      Cam
                      ChanneI
                      catfish
                      Gambusla
                      affinis
FRL   Misc. states O.Ofi-1.57
                   residue (SB)
FRL   Misc. states 0.06-0.<»2
                   residue (SB)
                                    FRL   Misc.  states 0.01-0.96
                                                       residue (SB)
FRL   Misc. states 0.02-5.07
                   residue (SB)
                                    BSA
                                                            pob (SB)
                     Wolffla
                     papullferft
                      Salvel Inus
                      fontInalls
                      (1.15  q)
                                    BCFA  —
                   100  (K)
                                                       7.If
                      Sal vetInus
                      font InalIs
                      (2.13  q>
                                    BCFA   —
                                                       11.9 (T<>)
Hunter1 s
medium
dilutod
1:5
                                   af>,c,d,
                                   e,f,i,o,
                                   aulfato,
                                   copper,
                                   nan^anese,
                                   Iron, and
                                   chroraluai
                                   e,f,l,o,
                                   aulfato,
                                   copper,
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                           Hendersont
                                           et al(1971),
                                           AMIC-ll»f)7

                                           Henderson,et
                                           al  (1071),
                                           AMIC-1I»!17

                                           Henderson,et
                                           al  (1971),
                                           AHIC-H07

                                           Henderson,
                                           et  al (1=71),
                                           AHIC-K.07

                                           Henderson,et
                                           al  (1171),
                                           AMIC-ll.07
        C-l"»- label 1 ed POT  was  taken  uo  by  Murchy and
mosgultofish  irore  raoldly  over  a  ?6-hr     Hurohy
period at ?n  C thin at 5 r.  It was  shown  C1971),A1IC-
that only live fish take UP  ODT,  that      H70
uptake was related to resoiratlon  rate
and that srrall fish are more efficient
than laraer fish In removing nnT  from
water.  One Imotlcatlon of this study is
that at warmer temperatures  PDT is taKen
up more rapidly, thus suggesting  that
thermal releases be carefully controlled.

         All compounds were harmful to    Worthley, et
duckweed to aorie degree.  Decreased       al (1971).
populations wore noted at non-lothul      AMIC-3233
concentrations and some compounds
(Halathion and 2,l\.-fi)  caused terstogenlc
effects at concentrations as low as 1 ppm.

        Four  insecticides were  evaluated  Post,  etal
on four fish species at two body weights.  (1971),
 Standard method bioassay procedures were AMIC-1812
followod.  Symot omol ogy was also
reported.  Generally,  toxicity  was
significantly different at the  two body
weights, i.e., more toxic at the lower
body weight, except for Malathlon.
Well-defined experimental conditions were
said to result in truer measurement ot
toxicity.
                                                                                         same as above
                                          Post, et  al
                                          (1971),
                                          AMIC-1812
                                                                       iron,  and
                                                                       chro.-nium

-------
Covoound
ODT






DOT






DOT





DOT






DOT






DOT


Field Field
Organism Study Location
Sal«o cl arkl BCFA —
(0.33 q)





Salrno clarKl BCFA —
(1.?? q)





Salmo flCFA —
galrdner 1
(0.1.1 q)




Oncorhynchus BCFA --
Klsutch 10.5
9>




Oncorhynchus BCFA — -
Hlsutch (1.6S
9>




Artemla spp. L


Toxlclty, ExDerlmental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
0.0001 (T> a«,c,d, sane as above
o,r,i,o.
sulfato,
copper,
nanganoae.
Iron, and
chromium
0.00001 and — - Artemia SDD oooulatlons exposed
0.000001 In 19fi6 to the Indicated DOT
(sublethal) concentrations and studied for up to 
-------
OOT
OOT



OOT


OOT


OOT


OOT



OOT



OOT



OOT




OOT



OOT
                     Sebastodes
                     sp.
                                    FO
PanulIrua
interruptus
Paralabrax
nebulIfer
Anlsotrenls
davldsonl
                                   FO
              FO
              FO
Pimelometaoon FO
pulehrun
Haliotls
rufescens
              FO
Strongylocent FO
rotus
franciscanus

Hlnnltes      FO
miltIruqosis
Hallotls      FO
corrugata
Kelletla
helletll
                     Plants  (algae F
                     and higher
                     aquatic
                    Pacific      0.1.6 (liver
                    Ocean, Cal.  residua)
                                        background.  Brine shrimp nauolll  Here
                                        apparently most sensitive to DOT comoared
                                        to older stages*  Cyclic coexistence  of
                                        pesticide residue and vulnerable stage of
                                        life cycle Influenced succeeding
                                        generations.

                                                Samples of marine animals  Here    Munson
                                        collected from three locations off the    (1972),
                                        coast of Southern California and analyzed ANIC-3096
                                        for residues of chlorinated hydrocarbons.
                                         The data suggest that Kellefs Hhelk
                                        Houtd be a good Indicator organism for
                                        studying the regional distribution of
                                        chlorinated hydrocarbons.
Pacific      0.037 (muscle
Ocean. Cal.  residue)
Pacific
Ocean. Cal.

PacifIc
Ocean. Cal.

PaclfIc
Ocean, Cal.

Pacific
Ocean, Cal.
Pacific
Ocean, Cal.
Pacific
Ocean, Cal.
0.21
(I Iverresldue)

O.it (liver
 residua)

0.21 (liver
residue)

less than 0.1
(liver
residue)

0.0*7-0.073
  (gonad
residue)

0.032 (gonad
residue)
Pacific      0.0<»2
Ocean, Cal.  (digestive
             gland residue)

Pacific      0.077
Ocean, Cat.  (residue)
                    Various      0.01 to 0.71.
                    ponds and    (residue)
                    streamsln
                                               sane as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                   same as above
                                               sane as above
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                   same as above
Hunson
(1972),
AMIC-T096

Munson(1972).
AKIC-309&

H.unson(197J),
aiIC-3395

Munson(1972).
4SIC-3096

Munson
(1972).
4MIC-3096

Munson
(1972),
SHIC-3096

Munson
(1972).
1MIC-3098

Munson
(1972),
AHIC-3095

Munson
(1972),»MIC-
3096
                                                Plant, Invertebrate, fish, and    Dinond, et
                                        nud samples were Pooled, homogenized, and al (1971).
                                        analyzed for OOT.  Birds Here analyzed    AMIC-3291

-------
I-1
VI
o
Compound











DOT






DOT





DOT







DOT



DOT



Organism
pi ants)










Invcr fobrates
(C=iwh^rus
barton 1 .
f r eshna t er
mussp 1 <;, and
srnal 1 er
an i i"a I s)
Fish
(Sal v«l Inus
font Inal Is
and Semot 1 lus
atr omacul atus
pr Imarl 1 y)
Birds
(MAoacery 1 e
alcyon.
Merous
merqanser,
and
Lophodytes
cucu I 1 atus)
Muds



Llmnephl lus
rhomblcus
(larvae)

Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Inqredlent,
Study Location Pom
Maine










F Various 0.03 to 2.<»1
ponds and (residue)
streams In
Maine



f Various 0.21 to 9.8
-------
H
VJ1
         OOT
         DOT
         OOT
         DOT
         OOT
         OOT
         OOT
                              Sibils so.    FS
                              (larvae)
                              Gammarus sp.  FS
Salve)Inus    FS
rontlnalIs
                              Semotllus     FS
                              atromaculstus
                              Cottus balrdl FS
                              Rhlnlchthys   FS
                              atratulus
                              Sal vetInus    L
                              fontlnalIs
                              (15.? cm)
Knights
Creek, Dun
County,
Wise.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
Wise.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
HIsc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
Misc.
                                 0.01 (whole
                                 body
                                 (residue)
                                                               0.03(whole body
                                                               residue)
                                 (fat
                                 residue)
                                 0.1-0.6(tat
                                 residue)
                                                               0.5-1.5 (fat
                                                               residue)
                                 0.10
                                 (Tat
                                 residue)
                                                               0.1-0.3 (SB1)    a»
                                                            1963-1965 with various chlorinated
                                                            hydrocarbon pesticides.  No residues were
                                                            found In water samples.  Silt samples
                                                            contained 0.007-0.013 ppm endrln and
                                                            0-0.005 ppm dleldrln. Endrln residues of
                                                            0.011-0.025 pom and 0.003-0.006 ppm
                                                            dl«ldrln were found In debris samples.
                                                            Despite limited control data, residue
                                                            analyses Indicated that contamination of
                                                            the environment studied was limited.

                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Houbry, et
al  (1968),
AHIC-3753
                                                                                                      Houbry, et
                                                                                                      al (1Q6M,
                                                                                                      AMIC-37S1
Houbry, et
al (1963),
AHIC-3753
Moubry, et
a I (1968),
4HIC-3753
                                                                                                      Moubry, et
                                                                                                      al (1968),
                                                                                                      AHIC-3751!
Moubry, et
al (196.5),
AHIC-3753
                                                                    NeurophyslologlcaI  function of
                                                            brook trout was affected by ?i*—hr
                                                            exposure to DOT as determined by
                                                            measurement of electrical activity of
                                                            lateral  lines.  Partially exposed lateral
                                                            lines of freshly killed fish were fitted
                                                            with electrodes.  DOT caused the lateral
                                                            line nerve to become  hypersensitive to
                                                            experimental  stimuli  and affected
                                                            behavioral responses  of fish to
                                                            temperature.
                                                                                  Anderson
                                                                                  (1968),
                                                                                  AHIC-376S

-------
           CO'ooun-J
              Field  Field
  Organism    Study Location
                                                               Toxlclty,
                                                               Active
                                                               Tnqredlentt
                                                                 Ppit
                Experimental
                Variables,
                Control I «d
                or Noted
                                                                                                          Comments
                                                                                                                                    Ret erence
         DOT
r
rv>
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              Oncorhvnchus  L     —-
                              kisutch  (?.q
                              9>
                                                               0.33  (T31)
Oncorhynchus
klsutch (7.l>
                              Oncorhynchus
                              klsutch
                              (15.0". q)
                              Salve)Inus
                              fontInalIs
                              (110-180 q)
                              Parophrys
                              vetulus
                              Her luce 1 us
                              producfus

                                            FM
                                            FM
                    Paclf Ic
                    Northwest
                    Coast,
                    Blalne,
                    Wash.
                    PaclfIc
                    Northwest
                                                               1.3  (T65)
                                                               2.6  (T106)
                                                               0.0?  (SB)
                                                               0.01  (residue)  —
0.01-0.06
(residue)
                                                                    A diet containing DOT  fed to coho Buhler, «t
                                                            salmon resulted In median survival  times  »l
                                                            directly proportional  to body weight.
                                                            Suoplementa I  feeding prolonged llfespan,
                                                            but mean survival  time remained a direct
                                                            function of body weight.  Smaller salmon
                                                            were more susceptible because Hold
                                                            content apparently failed to provide for
                                                            storage detoxification of DOT.
                                                            Considerable additional  data are
                                                            presented.

                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     (1978),
                                                                     J7M
                                                                     Buhler, et
                                                                     al
                                                                     (1970),AHTC-
                                                                     37M

                                                                     Buhler, et
                                                                     al
                                                                     (1970).AMIC-
                                                                     3781
        RrooK trout conditioned to light  Anderson,et
and shock respond to both by the          al  (19701,
propel lei—tall reflex.  Exposure to DOT   AMIC-3782
resulted In markedly delayed ability to
learn.  The authors state that DOT
apparently affects the CNS and may cause
adverse effects on such behavioral
activities as territorial defence and
migration.

        Pesticides from the Columbia      Stout
River into Puget Sound apparently         (1968),
contaminated  fish constituting commercial AMIC-378"*
catches In Pacific Northwest waters.
Residues in these marine products were
substantially lower than the FDA
tolerance for beef (7 ppm).  Fish fro*
locations near the mouth of the Columbia
Plver had higher pesticide content than
ones caught farther away.

       same as above                      Stout
                                          (1968),

-------
 r
 H
CU
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                     Hcrlucclus    FH
                     productus
                     Her luce Ius    FH
                     productus
                     Merlucclus    FH
                     croductus
                     Sebastodes    FH
                     alutus
                     Platlchthys   FH
                     stellatus
                     Coastf
                     Sarasota
                     Passage,
                     Hush.

                     Pacific      O.Ot-0.09
                     Northwest    (residue)
                     Coasti  Fort
                     Susan •  Hash*
Paclf le
Northwest
Coast, Cape
Foul weather,
Ore.

Paclfle
Northwest
Coast,
Aberdeen,
Mash.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Hecate
Strait, B.C.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Rtainv,
Hash.
                                                       O.OllresIdue)
                                                       0.08  (residue)   —
                                                       0.01  (residue)   —
                                                       O.OKresldue)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                            AHIC-37BI.
                                                                                                                                      Stout
                                                                                                                                      (1968),
                                                                                                                                      AHIC-378<»
                                                                                                        Stout
                                                                                                        (19681,
                                                                                                        AMTC-37SS) ,
                                                                                                        »HIC-378«i
DOT
•Gadus          FH
 •acrocephalus
                                                   Paclfle
                                                   Northwest
                                                   Coast,
                                                   Blalne,
                                                   Hash.
             O.OOit
             (residue)
                                                                                         same as above
Stout
(1968),
DOT
DOT
 Sebastodes    FH
 flavldus
 Sebastodes    FH
 f lavldus
                                                   Pacific
                                                   Northwest
                                                   Coast,
                                                   Hecate
                                                   Strait, B.C.

                                                   Pacific
                                                   Northwest
                                                   Coast,
                                                   Ilwaco,Hash.
             O.OCK.-0.05
             (residue)
             0.0i>-0.19
             (residue)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
Stout
(1968),
Stout
(1968),
AHIC-378<»
DOT
                     Pfmeohales     BCFA   —
                                                       0.018 (T<>)
                                                                       a»,e
                                                                                          LAS acted synerglstlcally with    Solon,  etal

-------
>
H
.£-
Coffoound



nn T
UU 1



DOT


00 T
Field Field
Orqanlsm Study Location
orome 1 as



auratus



Carasslus L
auratus

S* 1 mo L -—
qa 1 rdner I
(186-788 q)
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm



1*5-180 (SB
5-20)



0-0.1
(resl due)

15 (SB 6 hr )
Exper I men ta 1
Variables,
Con t ro 1 led
or Noted Comments
oarathlon to cause less survival of
fatheds but had an Indeterminate effect
with DDT and no synerqlstlc effect with
Endrln.
f DDT
residues determined after 21 days of
exposure. Most DDT had been converted to
ODE. Phenobarltal had no significant
effect on insecticide residues.
a* same as above



differences In lateral line preparations.
Reference
(1969) ,
AMIC-3785


(1971) ,AMIC-
3791


Younq, et al
(1171) ,
AMIC-3796
fl ahp * o t1 s t
(1971) ,AHIC-
3808
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              *>a I mo
                              qalrdnerl
                                       g)
                              Trl turus
                              crl status
                              Pana
                              temporarla
                              Rana
                              temporarla
0.1-2.0 (NTE,
Intravenous)
0.62-1.1.
(resldue)
0.05 (SB 5-19
hr)
0.5-1.2
mlcroqram
(resldue)
                                                                               a»
                                                                                          were observed after 1 hr.  Neural
                                                                                          dlscharqe was not affected by  Intravenous
                                                                                          Injections, but tremors occurred  at
                                                                                          concentration levels of 0.5 pom and
                                                                                          above.  The authors conclude  that
                                                                                          spontaneous activity of the lateral  line
                                                                                          Is not a sensitive  Index  Tor  DOT
                                                                                          neurotoxlc effet.

                                                                                                 same as above
        DOT caused hyperact1vIty In
exoosed tadooles.  This caused Increased
capture lunges of newts thus  Increasing
the oredatory efficiency of the newts.
DDT had no apparent effect on the newts.

       sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
Bahr, et al
(1971),AMIC-
3808

Cooke
(1971),
AMIC-3811.
                                          Cooke
                                          (1971) ,
                                          AMIC-3811.

                                          Cooke
                                          (1971) ,
                                          AMIC-381
-------
         DOT
         ODT
         DOT
tt
VJ1
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         ODT
                              Carasslus     8SA
                              auratus  (8-15
                              9>
                                 1.0 (SB 2.5hr)  a,q*
                              Carasslus     BSA
                              auratus  (a-15
                              q>
                              Salmo  salar
SaIvelInus
fontInaI 1s
(year IInq)

SalvelInus
fontlnalls
                              £ndomychura
                              craverl
                              (egqs)
                              Fndomyehura
                              craver l
                              (eggs)
                    Western
                    U.S.,
                    PaclTIc
                    Ocean,
                    Panama,
                    Mexico,and
                    Antarctic

                    Western
                    U.S.,
                    Pacific
                    Ocean,
                                                                1.0  (T 10 hr>
                                                                0.02-0.20
                                                                (sat)
                                                                0.03-0.20
                                                                (SB1)
                                                                O.i»  (SB)
                                                                               a»,q-
                                                                39  (residue)
0.31-2.
-------

CoBDound


DOT





DOT
;>

t->
\JI
o\

ODT




DOT






ODT





DOT

Toxlclty. Exoerlnental
Active Variables.
Orqanls" Study Location Po« or Noted Co««ents
Mex i c o, and
antarctic
Tnalasseus F Western 5,0 (residue) — sa»e as above
e t eqans U.r . ,
(eqqs) Pic 11 Ic
Ocean ,
Pan^a,
Kaxlco.and
Larus F Wostern 1,8 (residue) — sa»e as above
heer«anl u.r.. ,
(•igs) Pact 1 Ic
Ocp^n,
Panan ^
H»xlco, and
Antarctic
Po«oxls F western 1.83 ("hole — sa«e as above
Paclt Ic
Oc»an.
''oxlco, and
Antarctic
Po'oxis F Heitsrn 7.10 (*hole ~ sa>e as above
nlgTO- U.S., body residue)
oaculatoa Pacific
Oce*n ,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antartic
Leooals F western 5.5 (xhole body — save as above
•acrochlrus U.S., residue)
Pacl f Ic
Ocean ,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Pyqoscells F Western 0.128 — sa«« as above
adcllae U.S., (residue)

Pe f erence


P 1 sebrouqh.
» t al
( 106K) ,
AMIC-31!^


Dls »brough.
e t al
U96M ,
A MIC- 38*,',



"(S.hrou^h.
t t 3 \
(19SS) ,
AHTC-3!«i<.


PlS.hrouqh,
et al
(19M) ,
AHIC-38M.



P 1 sebrouqh,
e t al (iq«>8
AMIC-38M,



Plsebrouqh,
et al

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
ODT
                      (eqqs)
                      Aechmorohorus  F
                      occidental Is
                      Fulmanus
                      qlacini Is
                      Put f Inus
                      creatoous'
                      PuT f Inus
                      qrIseus
                      PuffInus      F
                      tenulrostrls
                      Oceanodroma
                      homochroa
Paclf Ic
ncp»n«
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PacITIc
Ocean i
Panama,
Maxlco, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PacltIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Sntarctic

Western
I).";.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama*
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
?6.!> (flesh
residue)
O.itl-17.5
(whole body
residue)
3.0 (whole body
residue)
2.3-12.3  (whole
body residue)
39 (whole body
residue)
59.3  (whole
body  residue)
                                                                                          same  as  above
                                                                                          same  as  above
                                                                                          same  as  above
                                                                                          same  as above
                                                                                          same  as  above
                                                                                          same as above
                                                                      (19R8),
                                                                      AMIC-38«.i»
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-J8I.".
RIsebrouqht
et at
(1968),
Rlsebrough,
et al
(1968) ,
Rlsebrouoh,
et al
(196S),
AMIC-38lt«,
Risebrou<;h,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-38
Rlsebrough,
et  al
(1968),
AMIC-38
-------
VJ1
CD
Co*Doun4

DOT






DOT






DOT






DOT






DOT






DOT



Organism

Pe 1 ecanus
occ M»ntal Is
(eqqs)




Fr eqa t a
maqnl f lc«ns
(eqgs)




Sula
leucogaster





Phal acrocorax
penlc I 1 laTus
(eqqs)




Phal acrocorax
Del aglcus
(eggs)




Anas
cyanootera


Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
An tar c T ic
F western 10. 0-11.5 — same as above
U.S., (residue)
Pacl ( Ic
Oc«»an ,
Panam a *
Hex 1 c o, and
Antarctic
F Western 0.0087-0.03 -- seme as above
U.S., (residue)
Pad t Ic
Ocpan,
Panam a ,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western 8.Z (residue) — same as above
U.S.,
PaclT Ic
OCP an ,
Panam a ,
Mpxlco, and
An t ar c t Ic
f Western 0.326 — same as above
U.S., (residue)
Pacl f Ic
Dcoin,
Panama,
Hex Ic o, and
Antarctic
F Western 0.128 — sane as above
U.S., (residue)
Pacl f Ic
Ocean ,
Panama,
Mpxlc o, and
An tare tic
F Western 10.9 (whole ~ same as above
U.S., body residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Reference

R Isebrouqh.
et al
(196S) ,
AHIC-^S")".



P 1 sebrouqn.
et al
(19S8) ,
AMIC-381.'.



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(196H) ,
AMIC-3«itii



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-38<4«.



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC.-3(<,i,



Rlsebrough,
etal (1968),
tHIC-SOM,


-------
         DOT
        OUT
>
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              El anus
                              leucurus
                              («qgs)
                              Acclolten
                              cooperll
                              Aaul la
                              chrysaetos
                              (eqqs)
                              Pandlon
                              hal laetus
                              Fa I co
                              columbarium
                              Falco
                              sparverlus
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocnan,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
0.3I.-9.0
(residue)
?5.2 (whole
body residue)
                                                               2.0  (residue)
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
"55.0 (whole
body residue)
2-9 (whole body
residue!
0.0^ (Mho 1 e
body residue)
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
RIsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
AMIC-38«»«i
Rlsebrough,
et al
(1068),
AMIC-3SM>
                                                                      Rlsebrouqh,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1968),
Rlsebrough,
et al
(1968),
&MIC-38It
-------
Comoound
DOT






DOT






DOT






OUT






DOT






DOT






Organism
Falco
soarver lus
(eqqs)




Nyc t Iconx
nyc 1 1 corax
(eqqs)




Larus
occidental Is
(eqqs)




Sterna
forsterl
(eqqs)




Hydrooroqne
casola
(eigs)




Phalaropus
ful icarlus





Field F !<•! d
S t udy Locat 1 on
F Western
U.S. ,
Pad f Ic
Ocean ,
Panam a.
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Was tern
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Kexl co , and
Antarctic
F Western
U.S.,
Pacit ic
Ocean ,
Panam a.
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama ,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
f Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F western
u.*..
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
0.? (residue) — same as above






n.5*»l-0.869 — same as above
(resl due)





0.385-0.803 ~ same as above
(resl due)





0.665 — same as above
(residue)





1. 269-1. <»30 -- same as above
(residue)





0*78 (whole ~~ sane as above
body residue)





Reference
R I sebrough ,
etal f 1°.<>3> ,
AMIC-3m.<.




R 1 sehrounh.
ef al
(196M ,
AMI03B<.<»



R I sebrouqh.
et al
(l°f>8) ,
AMIC-38UU



R 1 sebrouqh.
et al
I1Q6R) ,
AHIC-38it
-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                     Urla aalge
                     (eqqs)
                     Ptychoramphus F
                     aleutlcua
                     SynthlIborsmo  F
                     hus  antlquu*
                     Ceporhlnca
                     monocerata
                     Zenaldura
                     macroura
                      Tyto  alba
DOT
                      Sturnella
                      neglecta
Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico,
                                                       151  (residue)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                  and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
•5.8 (xhole body
residual
0.75 (whole
body residue)
2.7 (whole body
residue)
0.19 (whole
body residue)
1.3-6.6 (Hhole
body residue)
0.2-3.3 (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Rlsebrought
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1968),
                                                                      AMIC-J8I.I,
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
AHIC-38M
R1sebrouon,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-7JI.4
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-38i.it
Rlsebrouah.e
t al (1968),
AMIC-38<.I>
Rlsebrough,
et al (1968) ,
Risebrouqh,
et al
(1968),

-------
o\
ro
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organism Study Location Ppin or Noted Comments



DOT












DOT






DOT






DOT






DOT

Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
An tar c t Ic
Falco F Western 0.0? (residue) — —
pereqrlnus U.S.,
(eggs) Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic







Falco F Western 1.9-Z96 (flesh ~
pereqrlnus U.S., residue)
(Immature) Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Falco f Western 6i.-5.000 (fat
peregrlnus U.*:., residue)
(Immature) Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panam a.
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Falco F Western BS-137 (flesh
oereorlnus U.S., residue)
(adult) Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Falco F Western 2,600 (fat
pereqrlnus U.S., residue)




and other predator species Mere collected
widely and analyzed for DOT, DDE, PCB,
and * feM other pesticides to a lesser
deqree. PCR and DDT Here found to be
widely dispersed qlobally. PCH was Tound
to be a powerful inducer of heoatic
enzymes that degrade oestradlol.
Reductions In thickness of ego shells.
eqgshell weight, and Mater retention
occurred. All affect hatchlnq success.
The authors state that the oereqrine nay
be the first species entlrpated by global
con tarn Inatlon.
same as above






same as above






same as above






same as above

Reference
AMIc-38<.«.



et al
(1968),
AMIC-SSM.










R Isehrouah,
et al
(196(0 .AMIC-
381. >.



R i sebrouqh.
et al
(196(0,
AMIC-38M.



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968).
AMIC-38
-------
         DOT
         DOT
fe
U)
DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              (adult)
                     Podlceps
                     caspleus
                              Loooelanla
                              •elan la
                     Halocyptena
                     mlcrosoma
                              Plzonyx
                              vlvesl
                              Ictalurus
                              punctatus
                                            USA
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico,and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western

Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
                                                               0.26-12.1
                                                               (whole body
                                                               residue)
                                                      1.2  (whole body —
                                                      residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
3.2 (whole body
residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                      0.71  (whole
                                                      body residue)
                                                               0.016 
-------
Co-ooun^
DOT
nr\T
UU I
DOT
DOT
DOT
£ DOT
-p-
OOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Fluid Field
Organism Study Location
Salmo trutta OSA
kisutch
Peres BSA
tl avescens
Ictslurus RSA --
n'las
Carasslus BSA
auratus
Cyorlnus BSA — -
carolo
Pltneohales (ISA •*-
prome 1 as
L»oo»Is BSA
macrochlrus
Leoonls BSA --
microlODhus
Mlcropterus BSA —
sal moldffs
Salno BSA
qalrdnerl
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingred 1 en t «
Pom
0.002 (Tit)
0 Q 0 1* (T^t)

0.009 (Tit)
0.005 (Tl,)
0.021 (Tit)
0.010 (Tit)
0.019 (Tit)
0.008 (Tit)
0.005 (Ti,)
0.003 (Tit)
D.007 (Tit)
Experimental
Variables,
Con t ro 1 led
or Noted
a ,
synthetic
test nater
a ,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test nater
a,
synthet Ic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test nater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
a,
synthetic
test Hater
Comments
same as above

same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Reference
MaceK, »T
Bl (1970) ,
AMIC-^510
al (1970),
AMIC-5510
Maceh, et
al (1970),
AMIC-5510
Mncek, et
al <1°70),
AMIC-5510
MaceK, et
si (1970),
Hacek, et
al (1970) ,
AMTC-5S10
Macek, et
al (1970) ,
AMIC-5510
Macek, et
si (1970) ,
AMIC-5510
Macek, et
al (1970),
AMIC-5510
Hacek, et
al (19701 .
AMIC-5510
Macek, et
al (1970),
AMIC-5510

-------
         DOT
                              Palaemonetes  BSA
                              bad lake/is Is
                              (resistant)
                                 0.0037-0.0068
                                 m>
                                                                               a»
fe
V/l
         DOT
         DOT
Pal aemonetes-
kadlakensls
(non-
resistant)

Tctalurus
catus
                                            BSA
                                                  Clear LaKef
                                                  Cal.
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              Perca
                              fIavescens
                              Lepomls
                              qlbbosus
                              Catostomus
                              comnersonl
                                            FIR
                                            FLR
                    93 samplInq
                    stations In
                    Mass.
                    93 samolIng
                    stations In
                    Mass.
                                                               0.0026 (Tl)
less than 1
(flesh
residue)
0.06-13.2
(residue)
0-9.1
(residue)
              FLR   93 sampling  0-11.2
                    stations In  (residue)
                    Mass.
                                   Bloassays Here conducted with
                           shrimp from three areas of Intensive
                           pesticide use and from an unexposed area.
                            Previously exposed shrimp Mere fro* 1 to
                           ?•> times more resistant than unexoosed
                           shrimp.  Both types of shrimp Mere also
                           exoosed In canes to Maters of the
                           contaminated areas.  Susceptible shrimp
                           suffered 66 percent more mortality than
                           did resistant shrimp.  The foxlclty ot
                           the Insecticides ranked In descending
                           order Mas as follOMsJ  most toxic,
                           Endrln, DDT, Methyl parathlon, Parathlont
                           medium toxlclty, Guthlon,  Llndane,
                           Toxaohene, Strobanei lease toxic
                           Chlordane, Sevin, and Heptachlor.

                                  same as above
                                          Naqvl, et at
                                          (1970).
                                          AMIC-SS19
                                                                                                                                    Naovl.et al
                                                                                                                                    (1970),
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-S519
        Residue analysis results mainly   Linn, et
for THE In fish, birds, and plankton fro» AL(1969),
11S9 through 19f>5 Mere reported.  The     AMIC-5521
residues primarily resulted from
application of DDT to farmland and Tor
qnat control.  In some cases, data for a
single animal In one year were given.
Primary emphasis Mas on larqerrouth bass
and Mhlte catfish.  The general level of
TDK contamination In birds and fish
declined markedly from l^R to 1965.
This decline correlated directly Mlth
strict limitation by permits of DDT
applications during the latter years.
        Fish Indigenous to Massachusetts
freshwater streams were analyzed for DDT
and DDT metabolites during 1965-1967.
Generally there was an Increase In
pesticide content during the three year
period.

       same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
(.yuan, et al
(1968),
4MIC-3839
                                          Lyraan, et el
                                          (1968),
                                          AMIC-3839

                                          Lvnan, et al
                                          (19S8) ,
                                          AMIC-3839

-------
Comoound
DOT
DOT
DOT
00 T

DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Organism
Tc tal urus
npbu 1 osus
Cyor Inus
carpi o
Esox nlqer
crysol pucas
*ipmo 1 1 1 us
corporal Is
Lpoom 1 s
macrochlrus
Amb 1 OBI I tes
ruoes tr is
S»"iot 1 lus
atroiacul atus
Microoterus
do 1 om 1 PU 1
Alosa
paeudo-
harengus
Fundu 1 us
heterocl 1 tus
Field Field
Study Locat Ion
FLR 93 samollnq
static ns in
MSSS.
FLR 93 samol 1 nq
stat 1 ons In
Mass.
FLR 93 samollnq
stations In
Mass.
stat 1 ons In
Mass.
FLR 93 samol Ing
stat 1 ons in
Mass.
FLR 93 simol Inq
stations in
Mass.
FLR 93 samol Ing
stations in
Mass.
FLR 93 samol Ing
stations In
Mass.
FLR 93 samol Inq
stations In
Mass.
FLR 93 samollng
stations in
Mass.
FLR 93 samot Ing
stations in
Mass.
Toxlclty, Exoerlmental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
PD» or Noted
(1.3? (residue) —
0.3-1.0
(res 1 due)
0.0?- 1.0
(resl due)
0-1.1 — —
(residue)
0-3.8
(residue)
0-Z.l.
(residue)
0.1.-8.3
(residue)
O.OZ-0.3
(resl due)
0.2-0.6
(residue)
0.3<» (residue)
0.7-2.8
(residue)
Comments
same as above
same as above
same as above

same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Reference
Lynan, et
AHIC-3839
L yman, e t a
AMIC-3839
(1960) ,
A«IC-3S39
(19681 ,
AMTC-3HT9
Lvman, pt
(1968) ,
AMIC-3R39
L yman , et
AHIC-3339
Lyman, et
( 1 96 f ) ,
AMir—3^3Q
Lynan, et
AMIC-3839
L yn an , pt
AMIC-3839
Lyman, et
( 196") ,
AMIC-3839
Ly*»n, et
(1968) ,
AMIC-3839

al
1
1
3 1

al
al
al
al
al
al
al
DOT
                                   FLR   93  samollng   0.1-3.3
                                                                                       same as above
                                                                                                                          Lyman, et al

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
ODT
                     cornutu*
                     ROCCUS
                     amorIcanus
Pomoxls
nigro-
tuoulatua

FundulU5
dlaphams
                     Notrools
                     ana tos t anus
                     Leoomls
                     »ur 1 tus
                     Phlnlchthys
                     atrafulus
                     SalvelInus
                     font Inal Is
                     (caqed)
                     SalvelInus
                     fontInalIs
                     (Mild)
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FL"
                                   FS
                                   FS
stations In  (residue)
Mass.

93 samollnq  0.2-2.2         --
stations In  (residua)
Mass.

93 sampling  K.k (residue)   —-
stations In
Mass.

93 sampling  5.9 (residue)   --
stat1ons In
Mass.

93 samollnq  O.<»0 (residue)
stations In
Mass.

91 samollnq  0.
                    Labrador,
                    Can.
                                                       0.1  (NTE)
                                                                       c,d,e,g
                    Bohby"s
                    BrooKf
                    Labrador,
                    Can.
                                                       0.1  (SB)
                                                                       Ctd.e.g
                                                                                        sane  as above
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                In studylnq control of black  fly,
                                        the Indicated aauatlc soecles Mere
                                        studied at a series of six sanollnq
                                        stations.  Water quality was unaffected
                                        hy the DDT gonllC3tlon.  No caned fish
                                        dled»  but wild on«>s did aooarently
                                        resultinq from Inaestlon of dead
                                        Invertebrate larvae.  Invertebrates were
                                        collected by bottom samolinq and by drift
                                        nets,  and fish by nettlm and analinq.
                                        Fish mortality could always be related To
                                        at least a ten-fold increase in DDT
                                        residues In the fish.  DOT caused high
                                        bottom fauna mortality by direct contact.
                                         Caddisfly larvae were more affected  than
                                        stonefly and way fly larvae.  The author
                                        stated that DDT larvicidlnq for black fly
                                        control was not successful because of
                                        harm to non-target organisms.

                                               same as above
(1968) ,
AMIC-3839

Lyman, et al
(19S«),
4MIC-3S39

Lyman, et al
(1968),
AMIC-3839

Lynai, et aJ
(19*8),
AMIC-3939

Lyman, «t al
(19
-------
Compound
OOT



OOT



OOT








OOT













OOT









Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organism Study Location Pom
Slmulum FS Robby"s 0.1 (SB)
venustum Brook,
(larvae) Labrador,
Can.
Bottom FS F!obby~s 0.1 (K)
invertebrates Brook,
Labrador,
Can.
Leoomls 1 — 590 (SB)
macrochlrus
(1 Iver
ml t ochondrl a)





Copepods FL State 0.05 (K2)
(Cyclons and College,
blcusnldus, BSA Hiss.
Cvc 1 ODS
var leans.
Cycl ODS
verna 1 Is,
Fucyc 1 oos
agl 1 Is,
Kacrocy clops
al bldus.
Or t hocyc 1 ODS
modestus)


Cooepods FL Belzonl, 0.05 (91
(Cycl ODS and Miss percent K2)
blcusoldus, BSA
Cycl OPS
var leans.
Cycl ODS
vernal Is,
Eucycloos
•gll Is,
Macro Cyclops
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
c,d,e,g same as above Hatfleld
1 196") ,
1MIC-5770

c,d,e,g same as above Hatfleld
(1*569) *
AMIC-5770

a* Oxygen uptake by bluegitl liver Hlltlbran
mitochondria was inhibited In the (1971),
presence of DDT and succlnlc acid. AMIC-5975
Increased hydrolysis of ATP also occurred
In the presence of Hg and Mn Ions. The
author states that the primary effect of
OPT npcears to be Inhibition of electron
flow from succlnlc acid to the cyfochrome
chain.
~ The response of Naavl, et al
pesticide-resistant aauatlr organisms to (1969),
various pesticides was compared to the AMIC-5979
Pesticide-resistant species were
collected at Pelzoni and non-resistant
species at State College. Copepods,
clams, snails, and sludqe Horms from
Belzonl were considerably more tolerant
to pesticides than the non-resistant
organisms. The authors note that the
effect of Increased tolerance In the
organisms Is an increase In the amount of
pesticide residues available to animals
of higher troohlc levels.
-- sane as above Naavl, et al
(19691 ,
AMIC-5979








-------
DOT
DOT
001
DOT
DOT
ODT
00 T
albldus,
Orthoevelops
nodestus)

Tublfex
tublf»x
                      Crassostr«a
                      vlrglnlea
                      (larvae)
                                    FU
                                    and
                                    BSA
                    Hiss.
                                    BSA
                     Gambus la
                     aftints
                     (female,  (4.3
                     en,  1.9 q>
                     Leblstes
                     retIculatus
                     (nale, 1.6
                     cm, 0.2 9)
                     Tllapla
                     mossamblca
                     (3.<> en, 1.3
                     Kuhlia
                     sandvlcensls
                     «>.3 cm, 1.5
                     9>
                     Stolephorus   BSA
                     purpurea  (3.6
                     cm, O.it q)
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                                                       3.0  (NTE)
                                                       0.031.  (Til.)
                                 0.0?
                                                       0.003  (Ti»)
                                                       0.007  ITii)
                                 0.0039 (T,ANIC-
                                                      5990
                                                                                                      Nunogawa,
                                                                                                      al  (19701,
                                                                                                      AHIC-6567
a.o.d.
»,f,i,
(Honolulu
tap
water)

a,o,d,
e.r.l,
(Honolulu
tap
water.)
a,c,d,e,f ,
l,salt
water
                                                 a,c,d,e, f
                                                 1,  salt
                                                 Hater
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                      Nunoaaxa, et
                                                                                                      al (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-656T
                                                                                                      Nunogaxa, et
                                                                                                      al (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-6567
                                                                                                      Nunooaxa, *t
                                                                                                      al (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-6567
                                                     Nunoqana,  et
                                                     al  (1970),
                                                     AMIC-1567

-------
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Coaoound Organism Study Location Ppn
DOT Carclnus 8SA — 0.3-1.0 (T2)

DOT Cardlum edule 8SA — greater than
(TZ)
Exoer 1 men tal
Variables,
Con t ro 1 1 ed
or Noted Comments
a-fc(contin- One hundred- f or ty surface active
ation 3oa- 3o1 vch lorlnated blohenyls, pure
water and inorganic, and organic chemicals were
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
renewal) published data of this type deal with
toxlclty ot chemicals to freshwater
organ 1 sms.
10 at (con tin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
weter, ejid
daily
solution
Re f erence
Portmann, et
AMIC-7701
Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
                                                                       renewal)
DOT
                      PIeuronec tes
                      piatessa
                                    asA
              0.003-0.01
              (T2t
                a»(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         same  as above
Portnann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
DOT
                     Freshwater
                     druti
                                    FL
DOT
                     Goldfish
                                   FL
Great Lakes  0.6?  (whole
(Ontario,     body  residue)
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
                                          oupe.LM.u.1-,
                                          Michigan)
Qraat Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.70 (whole
body residue)
                                   Fish  from Lake Mlchlaan  contained Relnert
                           2 to 7  times  more nRT  (and  DDT analoqs)    (1970),AMIC-
                           and n 1 f \ dr 1 n  rpsMues  than  f 1 <;h  from  tho  196
                           other Great Lakes.  Fish  from Lake
                           Superior  Invariably had  the lowest
                           accumulations  of both  chemicals.  The
                           compounds  tended to concentrate  In  fat
                           lolls).  Considerable  additional  data are
                           presented.  The author noted  the need to
                           reduce  pesticide usage to a minimum and
                           to replace these Insecticides with  less
                           persistent materials.
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                            Relnert
                                                                                                                            (1970),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-196

-------
OUT
                     Klyl
                                   FL
                                         Groat Lakes
                                         (Ontario,
                                         Huron,
                                         Erie,
                                         Superior,
                                         Michigan)
             3.28  (whole
             body residue)
                                  same as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (197D),
                                                                     AHIC-196
DOT
                     Lake herring  FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                       (Hhote body
                                                       residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970),ftH!C-
                                                                     196
DOT
                     Lake trout    FL    Great Lakes  6.61-7.it"»
                                          (Ontario,    (whole body
                                         Huron,       residue)
                                         Erie,
                                         Superior,
                                         Michigan)
                                               same as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970).AMIC-
                                                                                  196
DOT
                     Lake
                     HhltetIsh
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.1*5-5.02
(wholebody
residue)
same as above
                                   Relnert
                                   (1970),»MIC-
                                   196
DOT
                     Rock bass
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                      O.ifO (Hhole
                                                      body residue)
                                  same as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970) ,
                                                                     ftMIC-196
DOT
                     Round
                     whlteflsh
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.57 (whole
body residue)
same as above
                                   Reinert
                                   (1970),
                                   ftHIC-196

-------
CoBaounl Organism
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlclty.
Active
Ingredient,
PDA
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
         DOT
                              Sea  lamorey    FL
                                                 Great Lakes
                                                  (Ontario,
                                                 Huron,
                                                 Erla,
                                                 Superior.
                                                 Michigan)
             1.27 (Mhole
             body residue!
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                     Re 1n«rt
                                                                     (1970) ,
                                                                     AMIC-196
         DOT
                              SIIny  sculoln FL
(O
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                              0.22-2.33
                                                              (whole body
                                                              residue)
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                     Selnert
                                                                     (1170) ,
                                                                     AMIC-196
        DOT
                              Spottall
                              sh 1 ner
                                           FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.25 (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                same as above
Relnert
(1970) ,
AMIC-196
        DOT
                             Nlne-splned
                             stickleback
                                           FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
n.i>3 (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                                sane as above
Relnert
(1970),
AMIC-196
        DOT
                             Stonecat
                                           FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                              0.28 (Hhole
                                                              body residue)
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                     Oelnert
                                                                     (1970).
                                                                     Anrc-196

-------
         DOT
                               Trout oerch    FL    Great Lake a  0.9<«  (whole
                                                  (Ontario,     body  residue)
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                      Pelnert
                                                                                                      11970),
                                                                                                      »NIC-196
         DOT
                              Malleye       FL     Great Lakes 1.12-6.02
                                                   (Ontario,    (whole body
                                                   Huron,      residue)
                                                   Brie,
                                                   Superior,
                                                   Michigan)
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                      Relnert
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AHIC-196
         DOT
U)
Hhlte bass    FL    Great Lakes  1.89-2.76
                    (Ontario,    (whole body
                    Huron,       residue)
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                                                    Relnert
                                                                                                                                    (1970),
                                                                                                                                    ANIC-196
         DOT
                              Hhlte oerch   FL
                                                  Qreat Lakes  
-------


Comoound


Organism

field Flel d
Study Locat Ion
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient 1
Pom
Experimental
Variables,
i Control led
or Noted


Comments


Reference
           DOT
                                Fmerald
                                shiner
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brio,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.9
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                                 0.53-0.63
                                                                 (whole body
                                                                 residue)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                     Pelnert
                                                                     (1970).AMIC-
                                                                     196
           onr
                                AleMlfe        FL    Oreat Lakes   0.7?-3.8A
                                                   (Ontario,     (whole  body
                                                   Huron,        residue)
                                                   Erie,
                                                   Superior,
                                                   Michigan)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970),»«IC-
                                                                                  196
           DOT
                                American       FL     Great Lakes  0.3J-1.5B
                                sue It                (Ontario,     (xhotebody
                                                    Huron,       residue)
                                                    Erie,
                                                    Superior,
                                                    Michigan)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                  Pelnert
                                                                                  (1970).AHIC-
                                                                                  196
          DOT
                                81oster
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
                                                                 1.09-9.83
                                                                 (•hole body
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970).

-------
                                                   Huron,
                                                   Erie,
                                                   Superior.
                                                   Michigan)
                                                                residua)
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-196
          DOT
                               Brown
                               but I head
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.78 (Hhole
body
residue)
                                                                                                  same  as above
Relnert
(1970),AMIC-
196
          DOT
                               Carp
5
vn
Great Lakea
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                                1.9?  (whole
                                                                body  residue)
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                     Reinert
                                                                     (1970).
                                                                     AMIC-196
          DOT
                               Channel
                               catfish
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
ft.90 (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
RelnerT
(1970) ,
•MIC-196
          DOT
                               Coho salmon
                               (flesh)
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.72 (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
Relnert
(1970),AMIC-
196
          DOT
                               Coho salmon
                               (eqgs)
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
2.1? (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                                 same  as above
Relnert
(1970),AMIC-
196

-------
Field Flel d
Co«oound Organism Study Location
Lake
M ichl qan)
DOT Cyorlnus FR St. Lawrence
carplo River,
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqr ed 1 en t •
Ppm

0 . 3M 0. 33 ppm
max tissue
Exper 1 men ta 1
Variables,
Con tro 1 1 ed
or Noted

water.
Comments Reference

Residues of ODD were measured in Fredeen, et
mud, molluscs, and ( Ish durlnq and si (1970),
                                          Montreal*     residue)
                                          Canada
DOT
DOT
DOT
DDT
DOT
DOT
                     Catosto»ius    FR
                     commerson1
                      Amelurus      FR
                      nebulosus
                     Peres         FR
                     >lavescens
                     Esox  luclus   FR
                     Ambtoplltes   FR
                     rupestrls
                     Campelona sp. FR
St. Lawrence 0.38(1.33 pom
Rlvor,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38(0,1? pom
Plver,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38 (0.55ppm
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38 (0.38
River,       ppmmax  tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38(0.02 pom
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38 (O.i>0ppn
                                        after DDD aopllcatlon in 196>7.  Sampling  AHIC-53ii
                                        points were above the point of
                                        apollcatlon and 10 and i»5 ml downstream.
                                        Residues from unknown sources were
                                        detected upstream.  nownstpeam residues
                                        were more than twice those obtained
                                        upstream (0.156 versus 0.369 Ppm).  The
                                        highest concentration In an Individual
                                        fish was 1.81 ppm*
                                         River,
                                         Montreal,
                                         Canada
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
Fredeen, et
al
(1970) ,S1IC-
Fredeen, et
81 (1970),
Fredeen, et
si (1970),
             max tissue
             residue)
                                                                                                                            Fredeen, et
                                                                                                                            al (1970),
                                                                                                                            AMTC-S3<»
Fredeen, «t
al
(1970),«MIC-
531.

Fredeen, et
al (1970),
AMIC-531.
DOT
                     Cyprlnodon    BSA
                                                       0.015-0.02  (K)   a».
                                                                                          Sensitivity  of  three generations  Holland, et

-------
DOT
 OOVP
 OOVP
 OOVP
 OOVP
 DDVP
                      varleqatus
                      (50-70  mm)
                      B<»nthlc
                      Injects
Trout CreeK, 0.012-0.068
Hasatch      (K>
County,Utah
                      Labeo rohlta
                      (Try)
                                    BSA
             11.2 (T7)
                      Labeo rohlta
                      (fInqerI Ing)
                                     BSA  —
Trlchogaster  BSA
fasclatus
(young)

Trlchogaster  BSA
fasc1 atus
(adult)
                      Channa
                      punctatus
                      (fry)
                                    BSA
                                                        2.* (T7)
                                                       1.8  (T7)
                                                       Z.It  (T7)
                                                       0.8  (T7)
seawater   of sheepshead minnows to DOT and Endrln
           was determined.  Sensitivity to DDT
           varied seasonally.  Fish were bred In
           ponds 15m X 5m X 1.25m exposed to
           pesticides In aauarla, and survivors used
           for breeding.  The results for DDT Mere
           not entirely clear due to the seasonal
           variability.  Increased and decreased
           sensitivity were recorded for the Fl
           generation at different times. Increased
           sensitivity for the F2, and decreased for
           the F3.   The authors stated that
           Incorporation of DOT In ova via llnlds
           may have caused increased sensitivity.
           Endrln toxlclty was decreased in the Fl
           and Increased In the F2 generation.

Stream             Complete deoopulatlon was found
flow       at the collection station ?000 n
           downstream from aopllcatlon point,
           Insect mortality was Independent of DOT
           concentration In areas of turbulent floM,
           thus mortality was not directly related
           to DOT concentration In this field
           situation.  Repopulatlon Has Incomplete
           after 57 Hk.

a,c,d,e,f          DDVP and Phosphamldon were shown
           to be selective toxicants that can be
           used  for eradication of undesirable
           animals from ponds without Injuring carp.
            OnVP seemed superior since  less was
           needed, it was not influenced by
           turbidity, and It detoxified nore rapidly
           than  Phosphamldon.

a,c,d,e,f         same as above
                                                                                  al (1970) •
                                                                                  AMIC-726
                                                                                                     Sonstelle
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                       a,Ctd,e,f         same as above
                                                                       a,c,d,e,f         same as above
                             a,c,d,e,f         same as above
                                                                                  Konar
                                                                                  (1969),
                                                                                  5i>53
                                                                                  Konar
                                                                                  5US3

                                                                                  Kona
                                                                                                                            Konar
                                                                                                                            (1969),A»1IC-
                                                                                  Konar
                                                                                  (1969) ,
OOVP
                     Puntius
                                   BSA
                                                      6.2 (T7)
                                                                      a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                        same as above

-------
CO

Co«oound


OOVP

OOVP
DOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP

ODVP


OOVP


OOVP


Toxic! t v
Active
Field Field Inqredlent,
Organism Study Location Pon
soohor«»
(adul t)
tnxbnt BSA — 1J.7 (T7)
tes tudlneus
Heteropneua- BSA -- 17.8 (T7)
tes foasilis
Fsomus BSA — 2.8 
till f ormls

(Snlsootera BSA — 0.15 (T7)
(nymphs)

Cyblster sp. BSA — O.?l (T7)



Var 1 ab 1 es«
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments


a.Cvd.e.f same as above

a,c,d,e,f same as above
a.Cidte*t same as above


a,c,d,e,f same as above


a,c,d,e,f same as above


a,c,d,e,f same as above


a,c,d,e,l same as above


a.c.d.e.f same as above

a,c,d«e,f same as above


a,c,d,e,» same as above


a.c.d.e.f same as above



Refer ence
( 19^.9) ,AHIC-
51.53
Konar
(1969) ,
Konar
( J9S9) .AMIC-
Konar
(1969) .AMIC-
51.51
Kon sr
(1969) ,AHIC-
5«.5J
Konsr
(1969) ,
AHIC-5I.53
Konar
(1969) ,AMIC-
51.53
Konar
(1969) ,4>
-------
OOVP
00 VP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
                      Neoa  sp.       BSA
                      Belostoma      BSA
                      Indies
                      Hvdrophllus    BSA
                      sp.
                      Volvox
                                   BSA
                     Pandorlna     BSA
                     Closterlum    BSA
                      BraclMonus    BSA
                     Gastrotricha  BSA
                     CypPls
                     Cyclops
                                   BSA
                                   BSA
                     Naupllus      BSA
                     Oaohnla
                                   BSA    ~
                     Cerlodaphnla  BSA
                                                       0.27 (T7)        a,c,d,e,f
0.28 (T7)       a,c,d,e,f
0.3? (T7)       a,c,d,e.t
                                                       5.0  (NTE)
                                                       5.0  (NTE)
                                                       1.0  (K)
                                                       0.5  (K)
                                                       0.5  (K)
                                                       0.5  (K)
                                                       0.5  (K)
                                                                       3,c,d,c,f
                                                       5.0  (NTE)        a,c,d,e,f
                                                       5.0  (NTE)        8,c,d,e,t
                                                                       »,c,d,e, f
                                                       5.0  (NTE)        a,c,d,e,t
                                                                       a,c,d
                                                                        ,c,,e,
                                                                       a,c,d,e,f
                                                                       a,c,d,e,f
                                                                       a,c,d,e,f
                                                                       a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                            Konar
                                                                                                                            (1969) •
                                                                     Konar
                                                                     (1969),
                                                                     Konar
                                                                     (1969) ,
                                                                     AMIC-5«t53

                                                                     Konar
                                                                     (1969) ,
                                                                     AHIC-';<.53

                                                                     Konar
                                                                     (1969) ,
                                                                     Konar
                                                                     (19
-------
Compound
OOVP


OOVP
OOVP


DOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP


OOVP

OOVP

OOVP

Field Field
Organlsn Study Location
Dlapfomus BSA —


Nnndus nandus BSA
Rita rlta BSA


Amnhlonous BSA
cuchla

Mystus BSA
vl tatus
(fry)
Mystus BSA
vl tatus
(adul t)
Puntlus BSA
sophore
(fry)
Channa BSA —
punc f a tus
{f Inqerl Inq)
Channa BSA --
punctatus
(adul t)
Mastocembelus BSA —
pancalus
Macrognathus BSA — -
aculeatu*
Channa I —
pune tatus
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
0.5 (K)


2.6 (T7)
2.8 (T7)


3.1, (T7)


2.3 (T7)


6.6 (T7)


1.0 (T7)


1.8 (T7)


2.9 (T7>


2.6 (T7)

3.6 
-------
00 VP
Oecanethonlun
dlbro«ld«
Oelrad
Oelrad
Deaeton vethyl
Ovrnol
                      (cqqs)
Channa
punctatus
(hatch)inqs)

NeqaprIon
brevlrostris
(1-3 Kg)
                                   BSA
                                                      2.5  (T3)
50 (NTE 3.5
HR)
                                                                      a»
                     Mercenarla
                     mercenarla
                     (larvae)
                                                      0.031 (T12)
                     Crassostrea   I
                     vlrglnlca
                     (larvae)
                     Fish  (not
                     specifled)
                     Cardlum edule BSA
                                                      0.072 (Til.)
                                 greater than
                                 1.0-10.0 (K)
                                                      100-330  tT2)
                                                            than 1.0 ppm, but delayed hatching
                                                            occurred at higher concentrations.  Yolk
                                                            sac absorption was decreased at 1.6-4.0
                                                            pom ana stopped at 5.0 pom or more.  Eggs
                                                            and hatch)Ings survived well at 0.1 Don
                                                            OOVP.

                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                                           6388
                                                                                                                           Konar
                                                                                                                           (1969),
                                                                                                                           AMIC-6388
        Data from study of drug effects   Baldridqe
on young  lemon sharks were treated        (1969),
mathematically to demonstrate             AHIC-3832
apolIcabll1ty of classical rate theory to
the study of chemical shark deterrents.
Incapacltat Ion (narcosis) was the orlmary
parameter timed for effectiveness.  This
was usually quite rapid for the more
effective drugs.

        The effect of 52 pesticides on    Davis, et al
embryonic development of clams and
oysters was reported.  Synerglstic        (1969),AMIC-
etfects with solvents were also reported. 5990
 Most of  the comoounds affected
develocment more than survival.  Some,
however, drastically reduced larval
growth.  The authors ooint out the
necessity of evaluating the effects ot
pesticides on all  life stages of an
organism and note the possibility of
selecting chemicals for pest control that
would not have serious effect on
shell fish.

       same as above                      Davis, et at
                                                 a*(coritin-
                                                 uou.3 aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daljy
                                                                     5990

                                   Approximate toxlcltles of         Hawdesley-Th
                           numerous pesticides commonly used in        o«as(1971)
                           Britain were summarized. An excellent     AMIC-1056
                           brief, general discussion of Toxlclty
                           testing is also present.

                                   One hundred-forty surface active  Portmann, et
                           agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,  al (1971),
                           polychlorlnated blohenyls, pure           AMIC-7701
                           inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                           evaluated against as many as ten marine
                           organisms.  The authors noted that most
                           published data of this type deal with

-------
>
ro
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Coaoound ipganlsi" Study Location Pp» or Noted Comments


Dercol Crangon BSA —
cranqon





Oeraol Pandalus BSA --
•ontaqul





0« D« Tan* ?5 Rasbora BCFA —
het»ro»orpha and
BSA










0* Oe Tan* (liquid) Rasbora BCFA —
heferomopoha and
BSA







solution
renewal)
100-330 (T2) as(contin-
uoas aer-
ation, sea-
wator, and
daily
solution
renewal }
100-330 (TZ) a»( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal }
0.11 (T?) *»,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SU) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeavater
for sorae
species



0.11 
-------
          0* 0« Tane (liquid)
Rasbora
heteromorpha
BCF4
and
BSA
          0* Oc Tane (oast*)
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
U>
          0« Of Tane
          (••ttable)
Rasbora
heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
          Oe De Tane
          (nettable)
Pasbora
heteromorpha
BCFA
and
RSA
0.02 









a*,e,e,f ,
hard (HH>
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
(or some
species
a«,c,e,f.
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeawater
for some
apecles
3»,e,p,f ,
hard (HH)
or soft
(SW)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species
a*.c.e,f ,
hard
(HH)or
soft (SW)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seanater
for some
species
                                                                                                  same  as above
          01 acetone alcohol
Phormldlun
amblquun
                                                                 0.5-10.0  (NTE)   --
Alabaster,
(1959) ,
AHIC-51,75
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                        Alabaster,
                                                                                        (19*9),AMIC-
                                                                                        S<.25
                                                                                                  same  as above
A Iabaster,
(1089),
AMIC-51.25
                                                                                                   same  as  above
Alabaster,
(1969), AMIC-
5W25
                                                      Of 7
-------
             ConDound
                                              Field  Field
                                  Organism    Study Location
                                 Toxjclty.
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient,
                                   Ppm
                Experimental
                Variables,
                Control Ied
                or  Noted
                                                                            Comments
                                                                    Reference
           OJarlnon
>
I
           Dlca«ba
           Olca'ba
                                Basbora
                                heteromoroha
              BCFA
              and
              nsa
                                                                      (Tl)
                                wolffla
                                papullfera
                                Gammarus
                                fasclatus
                                              BS»
                                                                 100  (K)
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (TZ)
                                                                                 hard (HW)
                                                                                 or soft
                                                                                 (SW) syn-
                                                                                 thetic
                                                                                 water, or
                                                                                 soawater
                                                                                 for some
                                                                                 speciea
                                                 Kuntor'a
                                                 medium
                                                 diluted
                                Paleo»onfes   BSA
                                Kadlakensls
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (T2>
                           more  toxic  thar  CuSOl*.  No  wetting  agents
                           were  found  to be  Inhibitory  at  the
                           concentrations  Investigated  (O.OS and
                           0.005  pom).   Also  reported  are  factors
                           affecting growth  of  algae  In canals to
                           determine whether  therp were leads  to
                           controlling  alqae  by environmental
                           management.   No  practical  environmental
                           means  Mere  found.

                                   One  hundred  sixty-four
                           pesticides,  wetting  aqpnts,  and
                           miscellaneous waTor  oollutants  showed  a
                           wlrte  ranoe  of toxlclty spanning 1?  orders
                           of  magnitude.   Knowing  the  foxlclty and

                           formulation  did  not  result  In easy
                           predictability  of  the toxlclfy  of a
                           mixture  of  materials.  Sometimes
                           pesticides  were  most toxic  in hard  water
                           and sometimes the  opposite  was  true.
                           Testing  the  actual material  as  sold was
                           found  to be  essential.

                                    All compounds were harmful to
                           duckweed to some degree.   Decreased
                           populations were noted at non-lethal
                           concentrations  and some compounds
                           (Malathlon and  2,lj.-D) caused toratogenlo
                           effects at concentrations as low as 1  ppra.

                                   Of  the  aquatic weed herbicides
                           evaluated,  Olclone was  the most toxic,
                           Daohnla  was  generally the most  sensitive
                           organism.   All  of  the Crustacea were
                           affected by much lower concentration
                           levels of  herbicides than indicated by
                           the TL sub  SO values.  All  ol the anlaals
                           represent  Important  food  chain  links.

                                  same as  above
                                                                                                                                      A 1 abas t er
Worthier, et
•1 (1971),
AKIC-3233
Sanders
119791,»«IC-
                                                                                                                                      Sanders
           Olcauba
           Olca'be
                                As*11 us       BSA
                                brevlcaudus
Orconectes    8SA
nals
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (T3)
greater than
100.0 (T?)
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   saoe as above
Sanders
(1970>,»MIC-
(.53

Sanders
11970), »MIC-
I.S3
                                Daohnln aagna 8SA   —
                                                                 greater than
                                                                                                        as above
                                                                                                                                      Sanders

-------
                                                                100.0
                                                                                                                                     (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                                                                     ES
          Olcamba
                               Cvnrldopsls
                               vldua
                                             BSA   —
                   greater than
                   100.0 (T2)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                     Sanders
                                                                     (1970),A>ac-
                                                                     
                                                                3.3«, (T2)
                                                                                a»
                                                     same as above                      Sanders
                                                                                        (1970),
                                                                                        AMIC-i.53

                                                      The effect of 52 pesticides on    Davis, et al
                                              embryonic development of clams and
                                              oysters Has reported.  Synerqistlc        11969),AHIC-
                                              effects with solvents were also reported. 5990
                                               Host of the compounds affected
                                              dpvelocment more than survival.  Some,
                                              however, drastically reduced larval
                                              growth.  The authors point out the
                                              necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                              pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                              orqanlsm and note the possibility of
                                              selecting chemicals tor pest control that
                                              Mould not have serious effect on
                                              shell fish.
          Olcapthon
          DlchlobenlI
         Olchlobenll
                               Mercenarla
                               mercenarla
                               (Iarvao)
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorpha

8CFA
and
BSA
                               Cat IIbactls
                               sp.  (nymph,
                               8-12  mm)
                                             BSA
5.7i» (T12)      --                same as above                      Davis, et al

                                                                     (1963),4HIC-
                                                                     599D

5.7 (T2)         a',c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                hard (HW)  bestlcldes, wetting agents,  and           (1969),
                or         miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AHIC-5',25
                SOFT(SW)    wide range of toxicity spanning 12 orders
                synthetic  af magnitude*  Knowing the toxicity and
                dilution   percentage of all  components of a
                water,  or  formulation did not result in easy
                seawater   predictability of  the toxicity of a
                for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                species    pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                           and sometimes the  opposite Has true.
                           Testing the actual  material  as sold Has
                           found to be essential.

10.3 (T*)        a«,b*,c,f,          The toxicity of  herbicides Olquat Wilson, et
                1,1, and   and Olchlobenll  to  aquatic invertebrates  al (1969),
                                   silica,
                                   calcium,
                                   magnesium,  soecles.   Dlouat  was oulte toxic to H.
                                                                                           and fish was  determined in aquaria
                                                                                           containing substrates natural  To each
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-5U52
                                                                                           azeteca but not  as toxic to otner
                                                                                sodium,
                                                                                potassium,  organisms.   Olchlobenll  was less toxic to
                                                                                           H.  azetecus but considerably more toxic

-------
>
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Inqredlent, Controlled
Co»oound Organism Study Location Pom or Noted Comments
blcarbon- to the remaining organism than Olquat
ate, Hurt lessened the toxlclty of both, but
carbonate, more so for Olquat. nichlobenll had a
sulfate, sublethal narcotizing effect on the
Iron, organisms that resulted In
dissolved Immobilization. It was concluded that
solids, both herbicides could adversely aTfect
conduc- certain fish food organisms.
tance
Hchlobanll Calllbnetls BSA — 7.1. (SB".) a«,b», c, T, same as abova
so. (nymph, i,l, ajid
8-1? mm) silica,
calcium,
magnesium.
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate.
carbonate,
aulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Hchlobenli Leoonls BSA — l
-------
OlchlobenlI
Libel lu
(naiad.
turn)
                             la  SP-  Bs*
qreater thanlOO a»,b»,c,f,
,T !-!,)         1'J}..
                                                                       calcium,
                                                                       magnesium,
                                                                       sodium,
                                                                       potassium,
                                                                       bicarbon-
                                                                       ate,
                                                                       carbonate,
                                                                       sulfate,
                                                                       iron,
                                                                       dissolved
                                                                        solids,
                                                                        conduc-
                                                                        tance
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                       Wilson, et
                                                                                                       at  (1959),
 OlcMobenl I
 Libellula sp.  BSA
 (naiad,. 16-?"t
 mm)
                                                        greater thanlOfl •*•
                                                                        calcium,
                                                                        magnesium,
                                                                        sodium,
                                                                        potassium,
                                                                        bicarbon-
                                                                        ate,
                                                                         carbonate ,
                                                                         sulfate,
                                                                         iron,
                                                                         dissolved
                                                                         solids,
                                                                         conduc-
                                                                         tance
                                                                                           same  as above
                                                                                                         Hllson, et
                                                                                                         at (1969).
                                                                                                         AMIC-5«i52
   OleMobenl 1
                        SD.  (larva,
                        15-20 mm)
                                      BSA
                                                          13.0
                                                    1,1, and
                                                    silica,
                                                    calcium,
                                                    magnesium,
                                                     sodium,
                                                    potassium,
                                                     bicarbon-
                                                     ate,
                                                                                            sane as above
                                                                                                          Wilson, et
                                                                                                          al  (1969).

-------
  Compound
                        Orqanlsn
                                    Field  Fleld
                                    Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
Experimental
Varlahlest
Control Ied
or Noted
                                                                                                   Comments
                                                                       carbonate,
                                                                       sulfate.
                                                                       Iron,
                                                                       dissolved
                                                                       solids,
                                                                       conduc-
                                                                       tance
DlchlobenlI
                      Llmneohllus    BSA
                      so.  (larva,
                      1S-?0  mm)
                                                       12.00 (SB<.)
                a«,b»,c,f,
                1,1, and
                silica,
                calcium,
                magnesium,
                sodlun,
                potassium,
                bicarbon-
                ate,
                carbonate,
                sulfate,
                Iron,
                dissolved
                solids,
                conduc-
                tance
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                      Wilson, et
                                                      at (1961),
                                                      AMIC-51.5?
DlchlobenlI
                     Mlcrooterus
                     salnoldes
                                    BSA
                                                       12.5 (Tit)
                a*,b»,c,r,
                1,1,  and
                silica,
                calcium,
                magnesium,
                sodium,
                potassium,
                bicarbon-
                ate,
                carbonate,
                snlfate,
                iron,
                dissolved
                solids,
                conduc-
                tance
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                      Wilson, et
                                                      al (1969),
                                                      AMIC-S
-------
          OlehlobentI
                                Hyaletlit
                                az«teca
                                (adult, l»-S
                                              BSA
                                                                  8.5  (Tl>)
>
                                                  1,1, and
                                                  silica,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  magnesium,
                                                  sodium,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  bicarbon-
                                                  ate,
                                                  carbonate,
                                                  sulfate,
                                                  iron,
                                                  dissolved
                                                  solids,
                                                  conduc-
                                                  tance
                                                                                                    same as above
                                                       Hllson, et
                                                       al (196=1),
          OlchlobeniI
                                Hyalella
                                azteea
                                (adult, U-8
                                              BSA
                                                                  3.8  (SB".)
          OlchlobeniI
Cnallaqma sp. BSA
(naiad, l6-2».
•n)
                                                                 12.3  (SB1)
 a«,b«,c,f,
 1,1,  and
 silica,
 calcium,
 magnesium,
 sodium,
 potassium,
 bicarbon-
 ate,
 carbonate,
 sulfate,
 Iron,
 dissolved
 solids,
 conduc-
 tance

a*,o»,c,f,
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
                                                                                                    sane as above
                                                                                                        Wilson, et
                                                                                                        al(1969),
                                                                                                        AMlC-51,53
                                                                                                    same as above
Wilson, et
al (1969),

-------
I
H
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Coooound Organism Study Location Ppra or Noted Comments
carboiiate,
snlfate.
Iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Dlchlobenll Enallaqma sp. BSA — 20.1 (T
                                                               3«..0 (TZ)
                                                                2.0  (T2)
        Of the aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Dlclone Has the most toxic,
Oaohnla Has generally the most sensitive
organism.  All of the Crustacea Here
affected by much loner concentration
levels of herbicides than Indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
represent Important food chain links.

       same as above
                                                                                                                                    Sanders
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     Sanders
                                                                     (1970),
                                                                     AMIC-'.SJ

                                                                     Sanders

                                                                     AMIC-i.53

                                                                     Sanders

                                                                     AMIC-l.53

-------
DlchlobenlI
Dlchtobenl I
DlchlobenlI
OlcMone
OlcMone
Olchlone
Dlchlone
Oichlone
Olchlone
                     Oaohnla nagna BSA
                     Cyprldopsls   BSA
                     vldua
                     Leoomls       BSA
                     macrochlrus
                     Salmo
                     galrdnerl
BCFA
and
BSA
                     Gammarus
                     fasciatus
                                   BSA
                     Paleomontes   BSA
                     kadlakensls
                     Asellus       BSA
                     brevlcaudus
                     Orconectes    BSA
                     nals
                     Oaphnla magna BSA
                                                      10.0  (T2>
                                                      7.8  (T2)
                   20.0 (T21
                   0.09 (T2)
a*,c,e,f,
hard IHW;
or soft
(SWJ syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawator
for sone
apecies
                   0.2U (T2), 0.10 a*
                                                      0.1.5 (T2)
                                                      0.20 (T2)
                                                      3.2 (T2)
                                                      0.025 1T2)
                                                                      a»
                                                                      a»
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     same as above
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous Hater pollutants showed a
Hide range of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and sometimes the opoosite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

        Of the aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Olclone was the most toxic,
Oaphnla was qenerally the most sensitive
organism.   All of the Crustacea were
affected by much lower concentration
levels of  herbicides than indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
represent  Important food chain links.

       same as above
Sanders
(1970) ,
AMIC-1,53

Sanders
(1970),
A1IC-ii53

Sanders
(1970),
AMIC-25
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        Sanders
                                                                                        (1970),
                                                                                        AHIC-
-------
>
Compound


01 en lone


Dlchlorfenthion











Olchlorfenthlon








Olch(orf«nlhlon







Olchloropnen (Na
•alt)

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organism Study Location Pom or Noted Comments
vldua

Lepomls BSA —
•acrochlrus

Pasbora BCFA —
heteroworpha and
BSA










Rasbora BCFA —
heteroiorpha and
BSA






Pasbora BCFA —
heteroBorpha and
BSA






Sal BO BCFA —
galrdnerl and
BSA


0.12 (T2) a*


1.9 (T2) a»,c,e,f.
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
tbetlo
dilution
water, or
aeawater
for : some
species



2.1 (Tl) a*,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
water, or
aeawater
for aone
•peolea
0.73 (T2) a«,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
•eawater
for' some
0.22 (TZ) a'.c.e.f.
hard
(HH)or


same as above


One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty scanning 1? orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all cotioonents of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometlnes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
sane as above








sane as above







saac as above


Reference
(1970) ,
4MIC-I.S3
Sanders
( 1970 ) *
AM.IC-1.S3
Alabaster
(1969) ,
A HI C— 5*»25










Alabaster
(1969),
AHIC-SU25






Alabaster
(19691,
A«C-5<»2S






Alabaster
(1969),
ANIC-SdZS

-------
Dlchlorophen (Na
salt!
Rasbora
heteromoroha
BCFA
and
BSA
                   0.15 (T2)
soft (SW)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
lor some
species

a»,o,e,r,
hard (HW)
or soft
ISW) syn-
thetic
water, or
sea water
for some
•pecleg
                                                                                        same as above
Alabaster
(1989),AMIC-
5<.2"5
Olchlorvos
                     Rasbora
                     heteromorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                      6.S (T2>
Oletdrln (15 percent Rasbora
H.O.I                heteromorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                      1.0 (TZ)
DJeldrln
Oleldrln
                     Fish  (not
                     specified!
Poecllla
latlplnna
                                   BCFA  —
                                   a*,c,e,t,
                                   hard (HM)
                                   or
                                   SOFT(SH)
                                   syn tht>t 1C
                                   dilution
                                   Hater*  or
                                   seattater
                                   for some
                                   species
                                   a>,c,e.f,
                                   hardtHH)
                                   or soft
                                   (SHI
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   Hater, or
                                   seaHater
                                   for some
                                   species
                                 qreater than
                                 0.001-0.01 (K)
                                                      0.003 (partial  a*
                   One hundred sixty-four
           pesticides, Hottlnq agents, and
           miscellaneous Hater pollutants shooed a
           nlrte range of toxlclty scanning 1? orders
           of magnitude*  KnoNlnq tho toxlclty and
           percentage of alI  comoonents of a
           formulation did not result In easy
           predictability of  the toxlclty of a
           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
           pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
           and sorretimes the  opposite Has true.
           Testing the actual material as sold Has
           found to be essential.

                  same as above
Alabaster
(1969),
AHIC-51.25
                                                      Approximate toxlcltles of
                                              numerous Pesticides commonly used In
                                              Britain Here summarized. An excellent
                                              brief, general discussion of toxlclty
                                              testing Is also present.

                                                      Studies Here conducted Hlth fish
                                              neighing 2-S 
-------
Covoound
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
Oleldrln
                      Poecl I la
                      latlolnna
                                    BCFA  —
0.006 (70
percent KJ)
                                                                                  temperature  oT  27  Plus or minus 1 C.  The AMIC-13SJ
                                                                                  purpose of  the  tests was to determine the
                                                                                  etTect of  dleldrln on serum qlutamlc
                                                                                  oxaloacetlc  transamInenase activity which
                                                                                  Increased  at all  exposures.  However,
                                                                                  little correlation Has found between
                                                                                  enzyme activity and total mortality.
                                                                                         same as above
Lane, etal
(1970),
AMIC-1283
Oleldrln
01«I dr I n
                      PoeclI la
                      latIplnn*
                                    BCFA  —
                                                       0.01Z (K3)
                      White sucker  FRL   Misc.  states 0.01-0.35
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                          The Bureau of Sport Fisheries
                                                                                  continued Its fl«;h monitoring program by
                                                                                  collecting 11)7 composite fish samples
                                                                                  from 50 nationwide monitoring stations
                                                                                  during the fall  of 1969.  Fish were
                                                                                  analyzed for residues of 11
                                                                                  orqanochlorIne Insecticides, Holds, and
                                                                     L ane, e t a I
                                                                     (19701.AMIC-
                                                                     128?

                                                                     Hendersor»»et
                                                                     al  (1171),
                                                                     AMIC-H07
Dleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
                      Yellow perch   FRL   Misc.  states 0.02-0.20
                                                       residue (SB)
                      Chain          FRL   Misc.  states 0.02 residue
                      pickerel                          (SB)
                      White  catfish  FRL   Misc.  states 0.01-0.50
                                                       residue (SB)
                      White  perch    FRL    Misc.  states 0.06-0.56
                                                       residue (SB)
                     Goldfish       FRL    Misc.  states 0.071),
                                                                     ANIC-U07

                                                                     Henderson,et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-li.07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et  al(1971),
                                                                     AMIC-11,07
Oleldrln
                     PuHDKlnseed    FRL    Misc.  states 0.05 residue
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,

-------
                                                                (SB)
                                                                                                                                      etal  (1971),
                                                                                                                                      AMIC-l
-------
  Comoound
                                  Toxlclty,       Experimental
                                  Active          Variables,
              Field   Field        Ingredient,     Controlled
  Organism    Study Location        Pom           or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
Oleldrln
                                                       residue (SB)
                      Lake           FRL    Misc.  states 0.03 residue
                      Hhlteflsh                         (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                       al
                                                                                                       AMIC-11.07

                                                                                                       Henderson,et
                                                                                                       al  11971),
                                                                                                       AMIC-1U07
Oleldrtn
Oleldrln
                      Lake  trout     FRL    Misc.  states 0.0? residue
                                                       (SB)
                      White  craoole  FRL    Misc.  states 0.02-0.27
                                                       residue (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                       elal (1971),
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                       et al
                                                                                                                            BMIC-11.07
0 1 e 1 dr 1 n
Dletdrln
                      Blgmouth       FRL    Misc.  states 0.Oi.-0.lt?
                      buffalo                           residue (SB)
                      Small mouth    FRL   Misc.  states 0.12 residue
                      buf f alo
                                                       (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                       c t al
                                                                                                       (1971),
                                                                                                       AMIC-H07

                                                                                                       Henderson,*t
                                                                                                       •I (1971),
                                                                                                       AMIC-11.07
Oicldrln
01 el dr In
0 1 e 1 dr 1 n
Olcldrln
Oleldrln
Dleldrin
                      Flathead      FRL   Misc.  states 0.03 residue
                      catfish                          (SB)
                      Goldeye        FRL    Misc.  states 0.01-0.08
                                                       residue (SB)
                      Walleye        FRL   Misc.  states 0.01-0.03
                                                       residue (SB)
Sauger        FRL    Hlsc.  states  0.01  residue
                                  (SB)
Flannelmouth  F9L    Misc.  states  0.01  residue
sucKer                            (SB)
Freshwater    FRL   Misc. states O.Olf. residua
drum                             (SB;
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         aamo as above
Henderson,et
al  (1971),
AMir-li.07

Henderson,et
al  (1971),
AMIC-1<.07

Henderson,«t
al  (1971),
AMIC-li.07

Henderson,
et  al(1971),
AMIC-li.07

Henderson,
et  al
(1971),
AMIC-HOT

Henderson, et
al  (1971),
AKIC-1407

-------
          Oleldrln
                               Black
                               bulIhead
                                   FRL   Misc. states  0.01-0.03
                                                       residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
Henderson, et
a I (1971),
t

§
         Oleldrln
          Dleldrln
         Oleldrln
         01«1e)rln
Oleldrln
                               Hhlte bass    FRL   Misc.  states O.OZ residue
                                                                (SB)
                               Black craonle FRL   Misc. states 0.02-0.36
                                                                residue (SB)
                               Largescale    FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.09
                               sucker                           residue (SB)
                               Smallmouth    FRL   Misc.  states 0.03-0.04
                               bass                             residue (SB)
                     Northern      FRL   Misc. states  0.01-0.03
                     souaHflsh                         residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
Henderson,
et al (1971),
AHic-i
                                                                residue (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,et
                                                                                                                            al  (1971),
                                                                                                                            «MIC-l
-------
Co'Dound
Dloldrln
Dieldrin
Dioldrln
^ Dieldrin
H
00 Dieldrin
Dieldrin
Dieldrin
Oleldrln
Dieldrin
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Icttilurua FrtLO Iowa
punctatus
Ictiobua FHLO Iowa
cyprlnellus
Cyprinua FRLO Iowa
carpio
Hlcropterus FRLO Iowa
sal mo Ides
Carplodes sp FRLO Iowa
Pomoxis FHLO Iowa
nlgroraaculatus
Poraoxls FRLO Iowa
annularl s
Stlzostedlon FRLO Iowa
vl treum
Esox luclus FRLO TOMS
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingred lent,
Ppm
0,034-1.6
( accumula tlon,
SB)
0. 028-0. BU.
(accumulation,
SB)
0.015-0.56
(accumulation,
SB)
0.11-0.08
(accumulation,
SB)
0.313
(accumulation,
SB)
0.012
(accumulation,
SB)
o.o59
(accumulation,
S3)
0.01-0.06
(accumul atlon,
SB)
0.05
(accumul atlon,
SB)
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
iXlible flesh of fish collected from
rivers, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs
waa analyzed. Fish taken in areas
receiving agricultural runoff showed
highest accumulation, especially in
bottom feeding fish.
Same as above
same as above
some as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
— same as above
same as above
Ret erence
Morris, et
al (197D.
AKIC-1U52
Morris, et
al (1971),
AMC-lli.52
Korrls, et
»1 (1971),
AKIC-1452
Morris, et
al U971/,
Morris ot
al (1971),
AKIC-11).52
Korrls, et
al i 1971).
Morris, et
al (1971;.
AKIC-1U52
Morris, et al
(1971) ,
Morris, et
al
(1971), A«IC-
K.52

-------
          Dleldrln
          Dleldrln
          Dieldrln
          Dieldrin
 Ictalarus     FRLO  Iowa
. melas
 Lepomls       FRLO  Iowa
 macrochirua
                               Esox luciU3   FRLO  Iowa
 Roccus
 chiysopa
                                             FRLO  Iowa
0.098
(accumulation,
513)

0.01lj.-0.03k
(accumulation,
SB)

0.05
(accumulation,
SB)

0.091-0.175
(accumulation,
SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                          Morris, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AM1C-1452

                                          Morris, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AHZC-1US2

                                          Korris, et
                                          al  (1971).
                                          AHIC-11^52

                                          Morris, et
                                          al  (1971),
1
          Oleldrln
          Oiefdrln
          Oleldrln
          Dleldrln
          Oleldrln
 Anacystls     I
 nldulans
                                Agneneltum    L
                               quadrup-
                               llcatum
                               Leptodlus     L
                               fIorldanus
                               (larvae)
 Panopenus
 nerbstll
 (larvae)

 Llmnephllus
 rhombIcus
 (larvael
                                             FS
0.5-1.0  (growth a»,c*«r
Inhibited)      SH
                                  0.5-1.0 (growth a»,c*,r
                                  Inhibited)      SM
                                                                 5-10  ppb(K)     —
                                                                 5-10  opb  (K)
                                                   Knights       0.002(Hhole
                                                   Creek, Dun    body residue)
                                                   County,
                                                   Misc.
        Metabolic products of Aldrln,       Batterton,
Dleldrln, and Endrln can be as toxic as   etal  (1971),
the oarent comooundSi as shonn by  00     AMIC-l
-------
Conoound
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredlentt
Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
Reference
01«IdrIn
                      Stalls so.     FS
                      (Iarvae)
Knights
Creek, Oun
Count y,
Misc.
0.013
(Mho Iebody
residue)
                                                                                  0-0.005  pom  dleldrln.  Fndrln residues of
                                                                                  0.011-0.0?5  pom  and  0.003-0.006 ppm
                                                                                  dleldrln  Here  found  In debris samples.
                                                                                  Despite  limited  control  data, residue
                                                                                  analyses  Indicated  that  contamination of
                                                                                  the  environment  studied  Mas  limited.

                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                                                                                     al (1168) ,
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-37?3
>

o
Dleldrin
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
                     Gamvarus  SD.   FS
                     Salvellnus     FS
                     fontlnalIs
                     Semotllus      FS
                     atronaculatus
                     Cottus balrdl  FS
                     Rhinlchthys   FS
                     atratulus
                     SalvelInus    FS
                     fontlnalIs
                     Senotilus     FS
                     •troBaeulatus
                     Cottus balrdl FS
Knights
Creek, Dun
Count y,
Misc.

Knights
Creek, Dun
County,Misc.

Knights
Creek, Oun
County,
Misc.

Knights
Creek, Oun
County,
Misc.

Knights
Creek, Oun
County,Misc.

Knights
Creek, Dun
County,Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
Misc.

Knights
Creek, Oun
                                                       0.005-0.013
                                                       (nholebody
                                                       res 1 due)
0. 008-0. 01<»
(whole body
residua)

0.006-0.013
(whole body
residue)
                                                       0.007-0.017
                                                       (whole body
                                                       residue)
0 (Mho Iebody
residue)
0.18-O.Z6(fat
residue)
0.17-0.3". (fat
residue)
                                                       0.3-0.7
                                                       (fat
                                                       residue)
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                     al  (10611,
                                                                     AMic-371;:*
                                                                                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                                                                                     al (lifts) ,
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-3753

                                                                                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                                                                                     al
                                                                                                                                     <19.AMIC-
                                                                                                                                     37-J1

                                                                                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                                                                                     al (116M ,
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-375J
                                                                                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                                                                                     a I  (196M,
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-J753

                                                                                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                                                                                     al  (196S),
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-3753

                                                                                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                                                                                     al  (1968),
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-3753
                                                                      Moubry,  et
                                                                      al  (1968),

-------
         Oleldrin
         Oleldrln
r
8
         Dleldrln
Dleldrln
         01 eldrin
                              Rhlnlchthys
                              atrafulus
                              Leoouls
                              cyan*11us
                                         County,
                                         Hlsc.

                                   FS    Knights      0 (fat
                                         Creeh, Dun   residua)
                                         County,Wise.
                                            I      —
                              Leoouls
                              cyan*11us
                     Lepomls
                     cyanelIus
                              Falco
                              peregrlnus
                              (eggs)
                                                               0.006 (K9I
                                                      5.7 (blood
                                                      residue)
                                                               10.3 (brain
                                                               residue)
                                          Western
                                          O.S.,
                                          Pacific
                                         , Ocean,
                                          Panama,
                                          Mexico, and
                                          Antarctic
                                                               0.11 (residue)  —
                                                                                                 sane  as above
                                                                                         The blood and brains of green
                                                                                 sunflsh that died due to exposure to
                                                                                 Dleldrln were analyzed for this chenlcal.
                                                                                  Surviving fish had less Oleldrln In
                                                                                 blood and brains than dead fish.
                                                                                 Severity of poisoning symptoms also
                                                                                 correlated Hlth Dleldrln concentration.
                                                                                 Extraction efficiency from blood and
                                                                                 brains Has quite good (92-95 percent).

                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                                    •MIC-3753
                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                     at  (1968),
                                                                     »MIC-3753

                                                                     Hogan, et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-382*
                                                                    Hogan, et al

                                                                    (1971),*HIC-
                                                                                                 sane  as above
                                                                    Hogan, et  al

                                                                    (1971),AHIC-
                                                                    3821.

                                   peregrine falcons,  falcon nrey,   ^iseetrough,
                           and other predator soecles  were collected et al
                           widely and analyzed for HOT,  OOF, PCR,     (1968).
                           and a few other pesticides  to a lesser     »HIC-38
-------
ro
Conoound Organism
Ol«rorlr> Falco
peregr Inus
( 1 tma t ure)




Oleldrln Falco
rereqr Inus
(adul t)




Dleldrln Falco
oeregrlnus
(adul t)



Field Field
Study Locat Ion
F Western
U.S.,
Pacl f Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Hex 1 co , and
An tar c t Ic
F Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocpan,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
0.07-1.6 (fat — same as above
residue)





0.31-3.7 (flesh -- same as above
residue)





0. ,
AMIC-Jf'i't



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMI C— 3 0**^


           Olcldrln
           01 eldr In
           01«ldrln
           Dleldrln
                                Endomychura

                                 cravepl
                                 (eqqs)
                                 Pelecanus
                                 occidental Is
                                 (eqgs)
                                 Sula
                                 leucoqaster
                                 (eqqs)
                                 Fa I co
Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico,and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocpan,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
                                                                 0.08 (residue)
                                                                                                   same as above
0.06-0.16
(residue)
O.OU-0.18
(residue)
                                                                  0.0<»-O.U
                                                                                                    same as above
                                                                                                    sane as above
                                                                     Rlsebrouqh,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (196M ,
                                                                                                    sane as above
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-38Mt
P i sehrouqh,
et al
(llfS) ,
AMIC-381,1.
                                                                                                                                       "Issbrough,

-------
                     peregrinus
                     (immature)
Oleldrln
 >      Oleldrln



*•**      Oleldrln



        Oleldrln
      U.S.,
      Pacific
      Ocean,
      Panama,Hexlc
      o, and
      Antarctic
(flesh
residue)
                     Chlamydotheca BSCH  —
                     arcuata       and
                                   A
                     Chlamydotheca 3SCH  —
                     arcuata       and
                                   A

                     Ulothrlx so.  BSCH  —
                     Copeoods
                     (Cycl ops
                     bicuspidus,
                     Cyclops
                     varleans,
                     Cycloos
                     vernal Is,
                     Eucycloos
                     agllis,
                     Kacrocyelops
                     albldus.
                     Orthocyclops
                     modestus)
FL    State
and   College,
BSA   Hiss.
                   0.00001-0.001
                   (1700-2600 ppb
                   residue**!! wk)
                                                      0.02"»5 (Tl)
0.00001-0.001
(1.9-126 ppb
residue 33-<»8
wk)

0.35 (83
oercentKZ)
                                   The organisms were exposed to
                           0.01 and 0.1 cob of the toxicants for 35
                           weeks after Hhlch time the amounts added
                           each week were Increased ten-fold over
                           the Initial amounts.  Ulothrlx occurred
                           spontaneously In the test tanks.  The
                           results shoH that chronic accumulations
                           In ChIamyriotheca exceeded levels which
                           were toxic In acute tests.  Residues in
                           Chiamyflotheca ranged from 12,000 to
                           260,000 times greater than the
                           theoretical concentrations In the watert
                           those In Ulothrlx were ?3«;-3,000 times
                           exposure levels.

                                  same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                                    et al
                                                                                                                                    (1968),AMIC-
                                                                                                                                    381.1.
                                                                                                                                    Kawatskl,  et
                                                                                                                                    al  (1971),
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-5506
                                                                                        Kawatskl, et
                                                                                        al (1<»71),
                                                                                        AMIC-S506

                                                                                        Kawatskl, et
                                                                                        al  (1971),
                                                                                                  The  response of
                                                                                          pesticide-resistant  aquatic organisms to
                                                                                          various  pesticides  was compared to the
                                                                                          response of  non-resistant  species.
                                                                                          Pesticide-resistant  species were
                                                                                          collected at Belzonl and non-resistant
                                                                                          species  at State College.   Copepods,
                                                                                          clams, snails,  and  sludge  worms from
                                                                                          Belzonl  were considerably  more tolerant
                                                                                          to pesticides than the non-resistant
                                                                                          organisms.  The authors note that the
                                                                                          effect of Increased tolerance In  the
                                                                                          organisms Is an Increase in the amount of
                                                                                          pesticide residues available to animals
                                                                                          of higher trophic levels.
Naavl, et al•
(1969),
AMIC-S979

-------
>
ro
Compound
Oleldrln


Oleldrln


0 1 e 1 dr 1 n


Oleldrln












Oleldrln











Oleldrln

Organism
Tublfex
tubltex

Physa gyrlna


Physa gyrlna


Copepo>1s
(Cycl ocs
bleusoldus.
Cyr 1 ons
var leans.
Cyc 1 ops
verna II*;,
Eucycl oos
agl 1 Is.
Kacrocj xops
albMur;,
Or t hocyc 1 ops
modestus)
Coooports
(Cyclops
blcuspldus,
Cyc 1 oos
var Ic^ns,
Cyc lops
vernal Is,
Eucycl oos
aql 1 Is,
Macro cy clops
Orthocycl ops
•odestus)
Crassostrea
vlrglnlca
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Study Location Ppm
FL Belzonl, 6.0 (NTE)
and Miss.
BSA
FL State 0.50 (K3>
and College,
BSA Hiss.
FL Belzonl, 0.50 (K3>
and Miss.
BSA
FL Belzonl, 0.35 (20
and Miss percent K2)
BSA










FL Belzonl, O.UO (39
and Miss percent K2>
BSA









L — 0.6<* (T2)

Exper 1 men ta 1
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference •
same as above Naavl, etal
( inf>9) ,
•MIC-5979
same as above Naavl, etal
( 1959) ,
AMTC-";979
same as above Naavl, et
Bl(l9ft9),
AHIC-5979
sane as above Naavl, et
al (1969) .
AMIC-S979










same as above Naqvi, et
al (1969),
AMIC-5979









The effect of 52 pesticides on Davis, «t al
embryonic development of clams and
                                                                                         oysters Has reported.  Synerglstlc
                                                                                         effects Hlth solvents Mere also reported.
                                                                                          Most  of  the compounds affected
                                                                                         development more  than survival.  Some,
                                                                                         however,  drastically reduced  larval
                                                                                         grOMth.   The authors point out the
                                                                                         necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                                                         pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                                                                         organls*  and note  the possibility of
(1969J.AMIC-
5990

-------
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
Dleldrln
Dleldrln
Dleldrin
Dieldrln
Dleldrln
Oleldrln
                      Crassostrea   I
                      vlrqinlca
                      (larvae)
                     Gambusla
                     affinis
                     (female,  i».3
                     cm.  1.9 g)
                     Lehlstes
                     retIculatus
                     (male,  1.8
                     cm, 0.? g)
Tilaola
mossamblca
(3.<> cm, 1.3
9)

Kuhlla
sandvlcensls
^<^.^ cm, 1.5
9>
                     Stolephorus   BSA
                     purpurea  (3.6
                     cm,  0.<> q)
                                    BSA
greater than
10.0 (Tl
                                                       0.031  (T
                           selecting chemicals for pest control that
                           would not have serious effect on
                           shell fish.

                                  same as above
                                                                                                       Davis,  etal
                                                                                                       (1969) ,
                a,c,d,e,
                e,f,l,
                (Honolulu
                tap
                water)
                a,c,dr
                e.f.l,
                (Honolulu,
                tap
                water;

                a,c,d,
                e,f,i,
                (Honolulu
                tap
                water)
                a,c,d,e,f,
                l.salt
                water
                                                 a,c,d,e,f,
                                                 1, salt
                                                 water

                                                 a* (contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                    The  five  fish species  are
                                                            commonly found  In streams and  estuaries
                                                            In semi-tropical  areas.  G.  afflnls  was
                                                            the most tolerant.  Varied sensitivity to
                                                            the toxicants were  found.  K.
                                                            sandvlcensls was  the most sensitive  fish
                                                            studied.  The standard method  procedure
                                                            was followed.

                                                                    same as  above
                a«(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                   One hundred-forty surface active
                           agents, solvent emutslflers, pesticides,
                           polychlorlnated blohenyls. Pure
                           Inorqanlc, and organic chemicals were
                           evaluated against as many as ten itarlne
                           organisms.  The authors noted that nost
                           published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organ Isms.

                                  same as above
Nunoqawa, et
at (19701,
AHIC-6S67
                                                                                                       Nunogawa,  et
                                                                                                       al  (1970),
                                                                                                       AHIC-6567
                                                                                                                            Nunoaawa* et
                                                                                                                            al (1970),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-6567
                                                                                                                            Nunoqawa, et
                                                                                                                            al (1970),
                                                                                                                            A1IC-6567
Nunogawa, et
al (1970),
AMIC-6567

Portirann, et
al (197D,
AHIC-7701
                                                                                                      Portnann,  et
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      AMIC-7701

-------
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm

Exper 1 men tal
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
solution
ronewal )
Reference

         OlcldrIn
                              Cardlum edule BSA
                                                               greater than 10 a*(contin-
                                                                               uouo aer-
                                                                               ation, sea-
                                                                               wator, and
                                                                               daily
                                                                               solution
                                                                               ronewal)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                  Portmann, et
                                                                                  al (1971),
                                                                                  AHIC-7701
         01«I dr 1 n
I
ro
                              Crangon
                              cranqon
                                            BSA
                                                               0.01-0.03 (T?)
                             a*(contin-
                             uous aer-
                             ation,  sea-
                             wator,  and
                             daily
                             solution
                             renewal)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     Portwann, et
                                                                     al  (19711,
                                                                     AMIC-7701
         Oleldrln
                              Freshwater
                              dru*
                                            FL
         Oleldrln
                              Alexlfe
                                            FL
Orsat Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.0(« (whole
body residue!
Great Lakes  0.05-0.97
(Ontario,    (whole body
Huron,       residue)
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
        Fish from Lake Michigan contained Pelnert
2 to 7 times more DDT (and DDT analogs)   (1970),AHIC-
and Dieldrln residues than fish from the  196
other Great Lakes.  Fish from Lake
Suoerior invariably had the lowest
accumulations of both chemicals.  The
compounds tended to concentrate in fat
(oils).  Considerable additional data are
presented.  The author noted the need to
reduce pesticide usage to a minimum and
to replace these insecticides xith less
persistent materials.
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                                                    Relnert
                                                                                                                                    (1970),A1IC-
                                                                                                                                    196
         Dl«ldrln
                              American
                              snelt
                                            FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
O.oz-o.io
(whole body
                                                                                                 same as above
                                          Relnert
                                          (1970),AHIC-

-------
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                 residue)
                                                                                                                                    196
         DIeldrIn
                               Bloater
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                0.03-1.07
                                                                (whole body
                                                                residue)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (19701,AMIC-
                                                                     196
         DIeldrIn
                               Brown
                               bul(head
                                             FL
ro
5
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
0.00 (wholebody
residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
Relnert
(1970),«MIC-
196
         Oleldrln
Channel       FL    Great Lakea  0.07 (whole
catfish             (Ontario,    body residue)
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970),4MIC-
                                                                     196
         Oleldrln
                               Coho  salmon
                               (flesh)
                                             FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
O.OKwhole body
residue)
                                                                                                 same as above
Reinert
(1970),Ahic-
196
         Oleldrln
                               Coho  salmon
                               (eqqs)
              FL    Great Lakea  0.0<» (whole
                    (Ontario,    body residue)
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                     Reinert
                                                                     (1970),4
                                                                     196

-------
Field Field
CoBoound Organism Study Location
Huron,
Erie,
Superior.
Michigan)
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Ingredient,
Pom

Exoer 1 menta 1
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments Reference

Oieldrln
                     Gizzard shad  FL
                                         Great Lakes  o.0<»-o.09
                                         (Ontario,    (whole body
                                         Huron,       residue)
                                         Erlo,
                                         Superior,
                                         Michigan)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                  (1970),
                                                                                  196
Oieldrln
                     Klyl
                                   FL
                                         Great Lakes
                                         (Ontario,
                                         Huron,
                                         Erie,
                                         Superior,
                                         Michigan)
             0•28 (HhoIe
             body residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                     Reinert
                                                                     (1970).AMIC-
                                                                     196
OI«ldrin
                     LaKe herring  FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.02-0.07
(Hhole body
residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Reinert
                                                                                                                           (19/0),AMIC-
                                                                                                                           196
Oleldrln
                     LaKe trout
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.05-1.13
(Hhole body
residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Re 1nert
                                                                                                                           (1970),AHIC-
                                                                                                                           196

-------
Dletdrln
LaKe
whifetish
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
O.D3-0.<»7
(whole body
residue)
                                                                                        •same as above
Relnert
(1970),ANIC-
196
Dleldrln
                     Rock bass
                                   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
             0.03 (whole
             body residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970),AMIC-
                                                                     196
Oleldrln
Round
whiterIsh
                                    FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
 0.03  (whole
 body  residue)
                                                                                        sane  as above
Relnert
 (1970),AMIC-
196
 Oleldrln
 Sea lamprey    FL     Great Lakes  0-03  (whole
                     (Ontario,    body  residue)
                     Huron,
                     Brie,
                     Superior,
                     Michigan)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                   (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                   196
 Oleldrln
                      SI imy scutoln FL
                     Great Lakes
                     (Ontario,
                     Huron,
                     Erie,
                     Superior,
                     Michigan)
              0.01 (whole
              body residue)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Relnert
                                                                      (1970),
                                                                      196
 Oleldrln
 Nlne-splned
 stickleback
                                    FL
 Great Lakes
 (Ontario,
 0.02
-------

Compound

Field Field
Organism Study Location

Active
Ingredient,
Ppm

Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments

Ref erence
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Brie,
                                                  Superior.
                                                  Michigan)
                                                                                                                                    196
         Oleldrln
ro
5
         01«ldrln
                              Wai lay*       FL    Great Lakes 0.08-0.13
                                                   (Ontario,    (whole body
                                                  Huron,       residue)
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                            —WhTt« bass    FL    Great Lakes  0.0<»-0.10
                                                   (Ontario,    (whole body
                                                  Huron,       residue)
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                  196
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                  196
         Dleldrln
                              White perch   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.10 (dhole
body residue)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                                                    Relnert
                                                                                                                                    (1970),4MIC-
                                                                                                                                    196
         Dl«ldrln
                              White sucher  FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                               0.02  (whole
                                                               body residue)
                                                                                                 same as above
Relnert
(1970),AMtC-
196

-------
Oleldrln
                     Ye I low perch  FL
Dleldrln
Wolffla
ptpulifara
Olethyt-OL-tartarate  Plmephales
                      promel as
Olethyl  fu«arafe



Olethyl  lunarate


Olethyl  aateate



Olethyl  succlnate


Olfolatan
Olfolatan
Plmephales
promt-Ins
Plmephales
promelas

Plmephales
promelas
Plmephates
promelas
                    Michigan)

                    Great Lakes
                    (Lake
                    Ontario,
                    LakeHuron,
                    LaKeErle,
                    Lake
                    Superior,
                    Lake
                    Michigan)
                   D. 03-0.07
                   (Hhole body
                   residue)
                                    BSA    —
                  100  (K)
                                 650.0  (TJ>)
                Hunter'3
                medium
                diluted
                1:5
                                                 a'.d.e.o,
                                                 and Fe
BSA



8CFA


BSA



BSA
2.8


18.0 (Ti»)
                a*,d,e,o,
                and Fe
a*,d,e,o,
and Fe
                a*,d»e«o,
                and Fe
                                   a*,d,e,o,
                                   and Fe
                      Brachydanlo   L
                      rerlo
                      (larvae)
                                                       1.0  (T  30 nln)   —
                      Rasbora       BCFA
                      heteromorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                      0.032  25
                                              Hide range of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
                                              of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                                              percentage of all  components of a
                                              formulation did  not result in  easy

-------
r
K>
(o
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organise Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments
seawater
for some
species



Olfolatsn Rasbora BCFA — 0.017 
-------
          Olaethoat*
                               Salmo
                               galrdnerl
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                                9 «TZ>
          OlMthoat*
                               Carelnus
                               mamas
                                             BSA   ~
(V)

ti
          01*«thoat«
                               Cardlum edule BSA   —
                   greater than
                   3.3 (TZ)
                                                                1.3 (TZ)
ae(c,e,f,          One hundred sixty-four             Alabaster'
hard (HW)  pesticides, wetting agents, and            (1969),
or soft    miscellaneous Mater pollutants showed  a    AHIC-5<>25
(SW) syn-  wide range of toxlclty spanning  1? orders
thetio     of matinlturt*.  Knowing the>  toxlclty  and
wator, or  percentage of all components  of  a
seawater   formulation did not result  In easy
Tor somo   predictability of the toxlclty of a
•poclea    mixture of materials.  Sometimes
           pesticides were most toxic  In hard water
           and sometimes the opposite  was true.
           Testing the actual material as sold  was
           found to be essential.

a«(c«ntin-         One hundred-forty surface active   Portmann, et
UOU3 cer-  agents, solvent emulslflers,  pesticides,   81(1971),
ation,  sea-Polychlorlnated hlohenyls,  oure            AMIC-7701
water,  and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
daily      evaluated against as many as  ten marine
solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
renewal)    published data of this type deal with
           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
           organisms.
                                   a»(contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                                                      Portitann,  «t
                                                                                                                                      al  (tori),
                                                                                                                                      AMIC-7701
          Ol'ethoate
                               Crangon
                               crangon
                                             BSA   —
                   0.0003-0.001
                   (TZ)
a*(contin-
uous aer-
ation, soa-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
Port»ann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
          DIaethoate
                               Panda I us
                               •ontagul
                                             BSA   —
                   greater than
                   0.03 (TZ)
at-( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
Portmann,
etal (1971),
AMIC-7701

-------
ro
Toxiclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Coitoound Organism Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
D 1 •« thy 1 ai I ne Cranqon BSA —
cranqon







0 I »e thy 1 phosphorod 1 1 Pimephales BSA --
hole acid promelas






0 1 «e thy 1 phos ohorod 1 1 Plmephales GCFA —
hole acid promelas

Olnethy 1 phosphorothl Plmephales BSA ~
onlc acid cromelas

Dimethyl fornamlde Cranqon BSA ~
cranqon
greater than atf(contln-
100 (T2) uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )


33.5 (Ti») a*,d,e,o.
and Fe






21.0 (Tlit) a»,d,e,o,
and Fe

1,2.5 (Ti.) a*,d,e,o,
and Fe

greater than a«(contln-
100 (T3) uous aer-
Pne hundr ed- T or t y surface active
agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides.
po 1 ych 1 or Ina t ed blphenyls, pure
inorganic, and organic cheirlcals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxiclty of chemicals to freshwater
organ 1 sms .
Malathlon and its hydrolysis
products were evaluated with the findinq
that one such product (dlethyl fumarate)
was more toxic than Malathlon to fathead
minnows. Synerqlsm occurred between
Malathlon and two products of hydrolysis.
Continuous exposure resulted In
Increased toxiclty.
same as above


same as above


One hundred-forty surface active
agents, solvent emulsiflers, pesticides.
ation, aea-po 1 ych lor inated blphenyls, pure






water, and
dally
solution
renewal )


Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxiclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Reference
Por t m^nn, e t
al (1971),
AnIC-7701






Pender
( 1059) ,
AMIC-3787





Bender
(1969) ,
AMIC-3787
Render
(1959) ,
AMIC-3787
Por t mann, e t
al (1971),
AMIC-7701






          Dimethyl  phosohate    Plmephales    BSA    —
                               prone I as
18.0 (Ti»)        a*,d,o,o,           Malathlon and Its hydrolysis      Bender (1969),
                and Fe     products were evaluated with the finding  AMIC-3787
                           that one such product (dlethyl  Tumarate)
                           was more toxic than Malathlon to fathead
                           minnows.  Synerqlsm occurred between
                           Malathlon and two products of hydrolysis.
                            Continuous exposure resulted In
                           Increased toxiclty.

-------
         Dimethyl phosphite
                              PImeohales
                              prontelas
         DI»ethyl             Phormldlum
         ?»3,6-tetrachloroter amblguum
         •phthatata
                                            BSA

ro
H
vn
                              Tublfax
                              tubifcx
FL
and
BSA
BelzonI ,
Miss.
         Olnltrobutyl phenol
                              Gammarus
                              fasclatus
                                            BSA
         01nltrophenyI ether
                              Phormldium
                              amblguum
                                            L     —
                                                                325.0  
                   0.5-in.o
                   (33percent
                   growth
                   Inhibited 1
                                   a»,d,e,o,
                                   and Fe
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                                                     8ender(l969),
                                                                0.50  (NTF1
                                                                1.8  
        Of 7it chemicals evaluated as
alqlcldes, only 9 were more toxic than
CuSOit.  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming algae for more than 2 weeks.
CuSO** formulated with certain wetting
aqents was more toxic than CuSOi* alone.
Copner chloramlne was also found to be
more toxic thar CuSOit.  No wettlno aqents
were found to be inhibitory at the
concentrations Investlqated (n.05 and
0.005 pom).  Also reoorted are factors
affecting qrowth of alqae in canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling alcmp by environmental
managerrent.  No practical environmental
means were found.

        The response of
ppstIcIde-rpslstant aouatic organisms to
various pesticides was comoared to the
response of n on— r e^ I ^ tan t sp*»cie»s.
Pesticide-resistant species were
collected at Flelzonl and non-resistant
species at State College.  Copepods,
clams, snails, and sludge worms from
BelzonI were considerably more tolerant
to pesticides than the non-resistant
organisms.  The authors note that the
effect of Increased tolerance In the
organisms is an Increase in the amount of
pesticide residues available to animals
of higher trophic levels.

        Of the aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Dlclone was the most toxic,
Oaohnla was generally the most sensitive
orqanism.  AM of the Crustacea were
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
represent Important food chain links.

        Of 7i» chemicals evaluated as
alqlcldes, only 9 were more toxic than
CuSO<».  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming alqae for more than 2 weeks.
CuSOi* formulated with certain wetting
aqents was more toxic than CuSOii alone.
Copper chloramlne was also found to be
                                                                                  Otto  (19701,
                                                                                  AHTC-892
Naavl. et
al(1969),
AMIC-5379
                                                                                        Sanders
                                                                                        (19701,
                                                                                        AMIC-'t'53
                                                                                  Otto  (1978),
                                                                                  ANIC-892

-------
           Covoound
                                Organism
                                            Field  Field
                                            Study Location
                   Toxlclty.
                   Active
                   Ingredient,
                     Pom
Fxoer1montaI
Varieties,
Controlied
or Noted
                                                                                                          Comments
                                                                                        Reference
I
fO
        OInocao
        01 noc*o
                              Fish (not
                              soeclfled)
                              Pashora
                              heteromorpha
HCFA
and
RSA
                   greater than
                   0.01-0.1 (K)
                                                               0.11 (T3)
         OInocao
                              Rasbora
                              heteroworpha
BCFA
and
8SA
                                                               0.07 (T3)
        Dlnos*b
                              Fish  (not
                              specified)
                   greater than
                   0.1-1.0 (K)
a»,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(3WJ syn-
thetic
water, or
seawater
tor aome
species
a*,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
Tor some
species
more toxic than CuSO<».  No netting agents
were found to he Inhibitory at the
concentrations InvestIqated (0.05 and
O.OQS Don).  Also r»norted are factors
affecting growth of alcae In cinals to
determine whether th«»re Here leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management.  No practical environmental
means were found.

        Approximate toxlcltles of         Hawrtesley-
numerous pesticides commonly used In      thotias
Britain were summarized. An excellent     (19M)rAMIC-
brief* general discussion of toxlclty     1056
testing is also present.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wettlna agents, and           (1^69),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed  a   AMIC-5fc?5
wide range of toxiclty scanning 1? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcitv and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard nnter
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.

       same as above                      Alabaster
                                          (1969) ,
                                          AHIC-SI.25
                   Approximate toxlcltles of
           numerous Pesticides commonly used  In
           Britain were summarized. An excellent
           brief, general discussion of toxiclty
           testing Is also present.
                                          Mawdesley-
                                          Th o»as(19Tl)
                                          AMIC-1056

-------
         Olphenanid
         Otphena»ld
         Olohena»ld
                              Gammarus
                              fasclatus
                                            BSA   —
                              Paleomontes   BSA
                              KadlaKensls
                              Aseltus       BSA
                              brevicaudus
                   greater than
                   100.0 (T2>
                                                               58.0  
ro
         Olphenawld
         Diphenamld
                              Orconectes    BSA
                              nals
                              Oaohnla maqna BSA
                   greater than
                   100.0 (T2>
                                                               56.0 (T2>
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 sane  as above
                                                                                                                                    Sanders
                                                                                        Sanders
                                                                                        (1970) ,
         Olphenanld
                              Cyorldopsls   BSA
                              vldua
                                                               50.0 (T3)
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                                        Sanders
                                                                                        (1970)t
                                                                                        AMIC-1.53
         Dlphenanld
         OlPterex
        Olouat-dlbromide
                              Lenomls       BSA
                              macrochlrus
                              Crassostrea   L
                              virglnlca
                              (larvae)
                              Sal mo
                              galrdner 1
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                               80.0 (T2)
                                                               1.0 (Tilt)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                        Sanders
                                                                                        (1970),
                                                                                        AMIC-<»53
                                                               70
~                 The effect of 52 pesticides on    Oavlst et al
           embryonic development of clams and
           oysters was reported.  Synerqistlc        (1969).AMIC-
           effects with solvents Here also reported. 5990
            Most of the compounds affected
           develocment more than survival.  Some,
           however, drastically reduced larval
           growth.  The authors point out the
           necessity of evaluating the effects of
           pesticides on all  life staqes of an
           orqanlsm and note  the possibility of
           selecting chemicals for pest control that
           would not have serious effect on
           shell fish.

a*,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
hard (HM)  pesticides, wetting aqentsi and           (19B9),
or         mlscel laneous -water pollutants showed a   AMIC-5i>25

-------
ro
fe
Toxlclty, Experlmenta
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm or Noted
SOFT(SW)
syn thet Ic
dl lut Ion
water, or
sfawa t er
for some
spec I es

Olquaf Calllbactls BSA — 16. it (Tfc) »».b*,c,f,
sp. (nytiph, i»l« and
8-1Z mm) silica.
calcium.
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate,
Iron,
dissolved
solids.
conduc-
tance
Olauat Enallagma sp. BSA ~ greater than a»,b»,c,f,
(naiad, 16-2"t 100 (Tit) l,lt and
•*) silica,
calcium,
magnesium.
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Comments Reference
wide range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
of maqnltude. Knowlnq the toxlclty and
oercentaqe of alt components of a
formulation did not result in easy
oredlctabl 1 1 ty of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
and sometimes the opooslte was true.
found to be essential.
The toxlclty of herbicides Olauat Wilson, e t
and Dlchlobenll to aquatic Invertebrates al (1989),
and fish was determined In aquaria AMIC-5<»5?
containing substrates natural to each
soecles. Olquat was quite toxic to H.
az»teca tut not as toxic to other
organisms. Olchlobenll was less toxic to
H. azetecus but considerably more toxic
to the remaining organism than OlQuat
Mud lessened the toxlclty of both, but
more so for OiQuat. Dichlobenll had a
sublethal narcotlzlnq effect on the
organisms that resulted In
Immobilization. It was concluded that
both herbicides could adversely affect
certain fish food organisms.
sane as above Wilson, et
al (1969),
AMIC-S<»52














-------
           Olquat
                                Hyalella
                                azteea
                                (adult, i>-8
                                mm)
                                               BS»   —
                                  0.05 (T<>>
                                                  a*,b*,c,f,
                                                  1,1, and
                                                  silica,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  magnesium,
                                                  sodium,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  bicarbon-
                                                  ate,
                                                  carbonate,
                                                  sulfate,
                                                  iron,
                                                  dissolved
                                                  solids,
                                                  conduc-
                                                  tance
                   same as above
                                                       Wilson,  et
                                                       al  (1969),
                                                       ANIC-51,52
           Olquat
VO
Libel tula sp. BSA
(naiad, 16-2*
mm)
                                                                  greater than
                                                                  100
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
                   same as above
Wilson, et
al (1969).
           Olquat
                                LimneohlI us
                                so.  (larva,
                                15-?0 DIB)
                                              BSA   —
                                 33  (TI,)
a»,b»,c,f,
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
snlfate,
                                                                    same as above
                                                                                                       Wilson,  et
                                                                                                       al  (1969),
                                                                                                       AMIC-5452

-------
Toxiclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism Study Location Pom

Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments Reference
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
OJquat
                     Tendlpedldae  BSA   —
                     (larvae, 7-10
                     •n)
             greater than
             100
a»,b*,c,f,
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate.
Iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Wilson,et al
01 quit
Olauat
                     Roccus
                     saxatil Is
                     (fIngerlIngs)
                                   BSA   —
                     Mya arenarla  F
                                         Nomlnl
                                         CreeK, Va.
                                                      80  (T
-------
Olouat
Olouat
                     MyrlophllI urn
                     splcatum
                     Cardlun edule BSA
Nomlnl
Creek,
                                                 Va.
0.35 (1.0-70
percent K36)
                                                                                         same as above
             greater than 10 a«(eontin-         One hundred-forty surface  active
             (T2)            uous aer-  agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                             atlon, asa-pol ychlorlnated blohenyls, pure
                             water, and Inorganic, and organic chptiicals Here
                                        evaluated against as many as ten marine
                                        organisms.  The authors noted that most
                                        published data of this type deal with
                                        toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                        organisms.
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Diouct
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA
             greater than 10 a»(contin-
             (T2>            uous aer-
                             ation, sea-
                             water, and
                             daily
                             solution
                             renewal)
Oisoersol SO
                     Agonus
                     cataphraetus
                                   BSA
                                                       100-330  
-------
           Compound
                                Organise
                                            Field  Field
                                            Study Location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient.
                                   Ppm
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                          C oilmen t s
                                                                                                                                    Ref erence
>
         Oluron
        Oluron
                              Mercenar la
                              nercenarla
                              Gammarus
                              fasclatus
                                            BSA
         01-lsobutyl
         Ohenoxyethoxyethy I
         dl««tnyi  benzyl
         ••noniu*  chloride
Phomldlun
aablguun

        01-n-butyl  tin  oxide  Crepldosto»u«
                              farlonls

                                 greater than
                                 5.0 (T13)
                                                               0.70 (T
-------
I
U)
         Dl-n-butyl tin oxlrfe Salmo
                              aquabonlta
         Ol-Svston
         Ol-Svston
Ol-Srston
         Oi-Syston
                     Mercenar la
                     •ercenarla
                     (eqqs)
                              Hercennrla
                              mercenarla
                              (larvae)
                     Crassostrea   I
                     vlrqlnlca
                     (eqqs)
                              Cressostrea
                              vlrqlnlca
                              (larvae)
         01 (N, M dl-nethyl
         cocoaolne salt of
         endofhall (ethyl
         bis)  (?-ethylhexyl)
         phosphlnate7-oxablcy
         clo (?.?.!)
         heptane-?,3-d1 carbox
         Vile acid)
                     Phoriitdlu*
                     anblquun
                                            •      — ^
                                                       100-600  (oral
                                                       dose, NTE)
                                                               5.ZB (TZ>
                                                               1.39  (Tl?)
                                                      5.86  (TZ)
                                                               3.67  (Til.)
                                                               0.9-10.0  (NTE)  —
                                                                                          absorbed by  tissue outside  th«  Intestinal
                                                                                          tract and that the compound  Mas  rapidly
                                                                                          eliminated.  Tissue residue  and  retention
                                                                                          time studies were recommended  for  drug
                                                                                          clearance purposes.

                                                                                                 same  as above
         01 IN. N dimethyl    Phormldlum
         trlcjecyl anlne) salt amblquum
         of endothell

                                                       0.9-10.0  (0
                                                       percent growth
                                                       Inhibited l
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
        Of 7i» chemicals evaluated as
alnlcldes, only 9 wpre more toxic than
CuSO't.  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming algae for more than ? Meek*.
CuSOit formulated with certain wetting
aqants Man more toxic thsn Cu^Oit alone.
Conoor chlorairlne wa^ also found to be
more toxic than CuSO't.  No wottlnq aqents
were found to be Inhibitory at the
concentrations Investigated (C.05 and
0.00"> DDm).  Also reoorted are factors
affecting gronth of algae In canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management.  No practical envlronaental
means Here found.

       same as above
                                          Mltchum, et
                                          al  (1969).
                                          •NIC-57JD

                                          Davis, et al

                                          (1989).»MIC-
                                          5990

                                          Davis, et al

                                          (1969),AMIC-
                                          5990

                                          Davis, et al

                                          (1969),«1IC-
                                          5990

                                          Oavls, et al

                                          (1969),»HIC-
                                          5990

                                          Otto  (1970),
                                          Otto  (1970).
                                          AMIC-89Z
         OMOC
                              Fish (not
                                                               greater than
                                                                                                  Approximate toxlcltles of
                                                                                                                                     Mawdesley-

-------
ro
K>
Co«ooun-1



Dobs JN







Dobs JN






Dobs JN






Dobs JN






Dobs 055





Field Field
Organism Study Location
soecl 1 led)


Carclnus BSA —
ffaenas






Cardlum edule BSA






Cranqon BSA
cr anqon





Randal us 8SA —
nontagul





Carclnus BSA
•aenas




Toxici ty.
Active
Ingred 1 en t ,
Pom
1.0-10.0 (K)


greater than
100 (T2>






greater than
100 (T2)





greater Than
100 





greater than
100 (T2>





greater than
100 (contln- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
a*(contin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sc~-
vatcr, and
daily
solution
ff1frfnrf
T M? 1 3 S
(1^71) ,^WIC-


P Or t (- 3nn , e t
al (1971) ,
A*«!C-77r)i





Portrsrn. et
31 ( 1971) ,
ANIC-77C1




Porffisnn, et
al (1-571) ,
AMIC-7701




PortTann,
etal (1971),
AHIC-7701




Port.Taon, et
al ( ig71) ,
AMIC-7701




-------
                                                                                renewal)
         Dobs 055
                              Cardium edule BSA
                                                                3"..3 
                at(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                     Portnann,  et
                                                     al  U971) ,
                                                     A1IC-7701
IS
vn
         Dobs 055
Panda 1 us
•ontaqul
                                            BSA
greater than
100 (T2>
a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  sane as above
Portnann, et
al(1971),
         Dobs 055
                              Platlcthys
                              tIPSUS
                                            BSA
                                                                10-30  (T2)
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous  aer-
                                                 ation,  aoa-
                                                 wator,  and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                                                                                     ANIC-7701
         Dodine acetate
         Oowicide A
                              Fish  (not
                              soeclf le-l)
                              Mercenarla
                              mercer, aria
                              (eqgs)
                                 greater than
                                 0.1-1,0 (K)
                                 greater than
                                 10.0  (T2)
                                   Approximate toxlclties of          HawJesley-
                           numerous oesticides commonly used  In       rt\o-~-"f>'"
                           Britain were surofl'a''ized.  An excellent      fill!
                           brief, general discussion of toxicity
                           testing is also present.

                                   The effect of 52  pesticides on     Davis,  etal
                           embryonic development of  clans and         (19^9),
                           oysters was reported.  Synergistic         AHTC-5993
                           effects with solvents were also reported.
                            Most of the comoounds affected
                           development more than survival.  Some,
                           however, drastically reduced larval

-------


Field Fiel d
Comoound Organism Stud/Location
Toxic! ty,
flct i ve
Ingredi ent »
Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Con troll ed
or Noted Comments


o e t er pnce
OoMlcide A
                     Merc^nar1 a
                     mercenar1 a
                     (I arvae)
                                                       0.75  (T13)
                                                                                  growth.   The authors ooint out the
                                                                                  necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                                                  pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                                                                  organism and note  the possibility of
                                                                                  selecting chemicals for pest control that
                                                                                  would not have serious effect on
                                                                                  shel I f ish.

                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                                    Davis,  et  aJ

                                                                                                                                          ) ,*MIO
Oowiclde G
ro
ON      Do»lcMc G
                      Hercenar1 a
                      mercenar1 a
                      (eiqs)

                      Hercenar1 a
                      mercenarla
                      (Iarvae)
                                                               less than 0.25
                                                               (T?)
                                                               I ess than
                                                               0.25(T12>
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                      nav Isi  et
                                                      a I ( 1 1 1 g ) ,
                                                      Davis,  et
                                                      a I ( ig^TD ,
                                                      4*115-5990
OoMpon
OONPOO
                     Rashora
                     he teromoroha
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            BSA
                                                           (T2)
                     Sal mo
                     galrdner 1
                                            BCFA   —
                                            and
                                            8SA
                                                       179
a*,o,o,f,
hard (Ka)
or soft
ISW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeawatcr
Tor sorr.e
species
a*,c,o,f,
hard (IIW)
or soft
(3W) syn-
thetic
water, or
soawater
for some
species
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, Hetting agents, and
miscellaneous water nollutants showed  a
wide range of toxlclty soanolnq 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcitv and
percentage of all conoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxicity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
e. I abaster
(1969),
AHIC-5I.25
                                           A Iabaster
                                           (19S9),
                                           AMIC-5U25

-------
         Doxclde (CIO?)
                              Carclnus
                                             BSA
                                                                500 
greater than
500 (T2)
                                                                if.5 cm
a*(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and.
daily
aolxitlon
renewal)

a*(contin-
uous acr-
atioii, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
T-oncv.-al)

a»,c,e,
and
synthetic
^eawater
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
P or t :* ann T e t
al (19711,
Portmann, et
al (1971) ,
AMIC-7701
                                    A  laboratory  procedure based on
                           Standard Methods  for  16-hr  toxlcity
                           determinations of  crude  oil  and
                           olI-d1spersant mixtures  Has  described.
                           The dlspersants varied considerably in
                           toxlcity, ranging  from 0.01  to 7.1  ml/1,
                           TL50 for 96 hr.   These did not differ
                           significantly from 2

-------
>
ro
CD
Compound
00
00
OSS
OTMC
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Fundulus BSA —
heterocl 1 tus
Nereis vlrens BSA
Nereis vlrens BSA
Pa 1 aemone t»s BCF --
hadl aHensls
(adul t)
Toxlclty.
Act Ive
Inqredi en t ,
Ppm
0.0005 (Tit)
0.0002-0.001

-------
          Oylox
          O.B. Granular
                               "occus
                               saxatllls
                                (fInqerlIngs)
                                             BSA    —
                               •Sal mo
                               galrdner1
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                                5.2  (T%)
                   7,050 IT?)
ro
to
vo
          Econat 13086
                               Rasbora       BCFA
                               heteromorpha  and
                                             BSA
                   0.19 (T2)
          EC-90
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
1.2 (T2,
hardnat*r)
           Pesticide-resistant species were
           collected at Relzonl and non-resistant
           species at State Collpqe.  Cooepods,
           clams, snails, and sludge MOTH'S (TOT
           Belzonl were considerably more tolerant
           to oestlcldes than the non-resistant
           organisms.  The authors note that the
           effect of Increased tolerance In the
           orqanlsms Is an Increase In the amount of
           pesticide residues available to animals
           of higher troohic levels.

a*,c,d,e,f         Strloed bass flnqorllngs Here     Wellborn
iD and     apoarentlv much more sensitive to         (1959)t
Iron       therapeutic and herbicldal compounds than AHTC-572'5
           many freshwater fish,

a*,c,e,f,          One hurdred sixty-tour            alabaster
hard (HH)  pesticides, wetting agents, and           <1?59),
or         miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AHIC-5        wide range of toxicity scanning 12 orders
synthetic  of magnitude.  Knowlnq the toxicity and
dilution   percentage of all components of a
water, or  formulation did not result in easy

-------
Toxlcity. Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Conpound Organism Study Location Ppm or Noted Commpnts





EC-90 Rasbora BCFA —
heteronorpha and
BSA







E»col M-JI.6 (SO Rasbora BCFA —
D«rcent pfu? 20 heteronorpha and
percent Fncol HSA
H-SOOXJ









E»col 70? Rasbora BCFA —
heteronorpha and
BSA







seawater
spec 1 es



1.2 (T3, a»,c,e,f.
softxater) hard
(HH)or
soft (SH)
synthetic
dl lut 16n
water* or
seawater
Tor some
snecles
10 (T2) a»,c,e,f,
hard IHWJ
or soft
(SWJ syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species



6.0 (T2) ac.c.e.f,
.hard (HW)
or soft
CSWJ syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
aeawater
for sorae
species
prertlctabl 1 1 tv of the toxlcity of a
pesticides Here mo-;t toxic In hard Mater
and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to b« essential.
same as above









One hundred sixty~four
pesticides, wettlnq agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
Hide range of toxlcity soanninq 1? orders
of magnitude. KnoHlnq the toxlclty and
percentage of atl comoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials. So-netimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
same as above









Ref erence





A labaster
11969) ,
AMIC-5!.??







Al abaster
(19
-------
                               (eqqs)
         EH10
         Enpilan
                               Crassostrea   L
                               vlrqlnlca
                               (Iarvaet
                              Cranqon
                              cranqon
         Eaton spi I t~wash
CraKqon
cranqon
IV)
LO
                                             6SA    ~
                                  30.0  (Til.)
                                                                iOfl-330  (fl.)
                                            USA
                                 l.H-3.3  (Tl,)
                                                                                           oysters was reported.  Syneraistlc        AHIC-5990
                                                                                           effects with solvents wcr^ also reported.
                                                                                            Most of the compounds af fected
                                                                                           development more than survival.  Soiret
                                                                                           however, drastically reduced larval
                                                                                           qrowth.  The authors point out the
                                                                                           necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                                                           pesticides on all life stages of an
                                                                                           orqanlsm and note the oossiblllty of
                                                                                           selecting chemicals  for pest control that
                                                                                           would not have serious effect on
                                                                                           shell fish.
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, aea-
                                                 water, arid
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
au(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                   One hundred-forty  surface  active
           aqents, solvent emul^lfl^rs,  pesticides,
           poIychI or Inated blphenyls, pure
           Inorganic, and organic chewlcals were
           evaluated against as many  as  ten marine
           organisms.  The authors noted  that most
           published data of this type deal with
           toxlcity of chemicals to freshwater
           orqanlsms.

                  same as above
Cavls, et al

(1969),»MIC-
5991

Portmann, et
at (197H,
AMIC-7701
                                                                                                                                               «t
                                                                                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-7701
         faulsifler blend 390 Cranqon
                              crangon
              BS»
                                 100-330 (Ti»)
                                                 a*(oontin-
                                                 uoua aer-
                                                 ation, aea-
                                                 wator, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                   same as above
                                                     Portnann,  et
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7701
         Endosulfan
                              Fish  (not
                              specified)
                                 qreater than
                                 0.000001-0.0000
                                 1 (K)
                   Approximate toxicities of         Mawdesley-
           numerous pesticides commonly used in      Thomas  (1971
           Britain were summarized. An excellent     AMIC-1056
           brief, general discussion of toxiclty
           testing Is also present.

-------
                                                       Toxlclty,       Experimental
                                                       Active          Variables,
                                    Field  Field       Ingredient,     Controlled
   Compound             Organism    Study Location       Pom           or Noted                    Comnpnts                   Petere^ce


 Endosulfan           Rasbora       8CFA  —           0.000003  (T2)   a*,c,e,f.           One  hundred  sixty-four            Slabaste'-
                      heteromoroha  and                                hard  (HW)  pesticides,  wettlna  ar^nts,  and           ^nini 12 orders
                                                                       synthetic  of  maqnltud0.   Knowing  rhp  Toxicitv and
                                                                       dilution   oerc-ntaqe of  all  coTcon«nts of a
                                                                       Hater, or  formulation  did  not  resulT  in  essy
                                                                       seawater   predictability of  tha  :o»icir> of s
                                                                       for some   mixture  of *fl i tpr i a I i.   •^on^tir^';
                                                                       species    pesticides were  most  toxic  l ^  n.3rd water
                                                                                  and sometimes  the  oooo^itp  M^J frue.
                                                                                  Testing  the  actual  material  as sold was
                                                                                  found  to be  essential.

 Endosulfan           Agonus        8SA   —           0.03-1.0  (T3)   a«-(contin-          "ne  hundred-f or ty  surface active  Dor
                      cataphractus                                     uous aer-  sqenfs,  solvent  erru I s I T 1 ers, resticidas,  al
                                                                       ation, sea-POIvchI or 1nated  biohp^yis,  oure           AHIC-7701
                                                                       water, and Inorqanic, and organic  cno-ricais wore
                                                                       daily      evaluated aqalnst  as  many  as ten marine
                                                                       solution   orqanisms.   The  authors  noted  That most
                                                                       renewal)   published data of  this  tyoe deal with
                                                                                  toxlclty of  chemicals  to  freshwater
                                                                                  orqanisms.
ro
u>
ro
EndosulIan
                      Cardlux edule BSA   ~
                                                                 greater  than  10  ac-(cor.tin-
                                                                                 UOUS £3T-
                                                                                 ation,  sea-
                                                                                 water,  and
                                                                                 daily
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                          same  as  above
                                                                                                                             P or tmann. e t
                                                                                                                             al I1971) ,
                                                                                                                             A1IC-77C1
Cndosulfan
                      Crangon
                      crangon
                                    BSA
                                                       0.01 (T2)
                                                                                 a«(contin-
                                                                                 uous aer-
                                                                                 ation,  sea-
                                                                                 water,  arid
                                                                                 daily
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                          sane  as  above
                                                                                                                                        et
                                                                                                                             al  (19711,
                                                                                                                             iMIC-7711
EndothalI
                      Rasbora
                      he teronorpha
                                             BCF*
                                             and
                                             BSA
                                                       <»60
                                                                                                                             Alabaster
ft»fC,e,r,           une  hundred  sixty-four
bard (HW)  pesticides,  netting  aqents,  and
Or soft    miscellaneous  water  pollutants showed a   4MIC-<5<.2'5
(SW) ayn-  Hide range of  toxlclty  spanning 12 orders

-------
         Cndothall
 r
 tu
u>
u>
         Endofhall
         EndothalI
         EndothalI
         Endothal
         EndPln
         EndPln
                              Mercenarla
                              mePcenaPla
                              (eqqs)
                              MePcenaPla
                              morcenar-la
                              tIapvap)
                              CpassostPea
                              vlPqlnlca
                              (eqqs)
                              OassostPea
                              vlrqlnlca
                              (I arva<*>
                              Fish (not
                              specified)
                              Fish (not
                              seedfled)
                              Anacystls
                              nlrtulans
                                                                                theUc
                                                                                dilution
                                                                                water, or
                                                                                seavater
                                                                                for  so.T-e
                                                                                speciea
                                                               51.0 (T2)
                                                               12,5  (T12)
                                                                8,Z (TZ)
                                                                R.l (Tld)
qreater than
10-100 (K)
opeatep than
0.0001-0.001
(K)

0.5-1.0 (qpowth a*,c*iP
Inhibited)       SH
                           of maqnltude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
                           oopcantaoe of all comoonenta of a
                           fopmulatlon did not result in easy
                           DP-'llctabl I 1 ty of the toxlcity of a
                           mixture ot materials.  Sonptlm»s
                           pesticides wepe most toxic in hapd watep
                           and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
                           Testing the actual m^tpriat as sold was
                           found to he essential.

                                   The effect of "5? oesticides on    Davis, et al
                           pmbpyonlc development of clairs and
                           oysters was reported.  Svnoraistlc        (1969),AMIC-
                           effects with solvnts wpr<> also repopted. 5990
                            Most of the compounds aMected
                           develocment more than survival.  Some,
                           howevpTf dpastlcnlly ppduc»»d larval
                           qpowth.  The authors point out the
                           necessity of evaluating The effects of
                           pesticides on all life st^aos of an
                           OPqanlsm and note tho oossibillty of
                           selecting chemicals for- oest control that
                           would not have sePlous effect on
                           «h«M t Ish.
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
        Apppoximate toxlcitles of
numepous pesticides commonly used in
Bpltain wepe summarized. An excellent
brief, genePal discussion of toxlcity
testing Is also present.

       same as above
        HetabolIc products of AldPln.
Dleldrln, and EndPln can be as toxic as
the parent compounds, as shown by  00
measurement.
                                                                     Davis, et al

                                                                     (1969), AMIC-
                                                                     5990

                                                                     Davis, et al
(1969) ,
5990

Davis, «t al

(19S9) ,4MIC-
5990

Mawdesl ey-
Thonas
(1971) .AMIC-
1056
Maxdesley-
Thooas(1971) ,
AMIC-1056

Bat tePton,et
al (1971),

-------
ro
OJ
Compound
En dr I n



Cndr 1 n









Endr In





EnoTln





Endr In






Endrln




Field Field
Organism Study Location

quadrup-
licatun

Sal vel inus BCFA
font Inal Is
(1.15 <3)







Salvellnus BCFA
font Inal Is
(2.01. q)



Salmo clarkl BCFA —
(0.37 a)




Sslmo clarKJ BCFA
(1.30 qt





Salmo BCFA —
qalrdnor 1
(1.?* o.)




Toxlclty, Exoerlmenfal
Act 1 ve Var 1 ables.
Ingredient, Controlled
Pom or Noted Comments

Inhlbl fed) SM


0.355 (Tit) a«-,c,d, Four Insecticides were evaluated
e,r,l,o, °h four fish species at two body weights.
sulTato, Standard method bloassay orocpdures were
copper followed. SytnDt omol ogy was also
manganese, resorted. Generally, toxlcity was
Iron, and significantly different at the two body
chromium 'welqhts. I.e., more toxic at the lower
body weight, exceot for Malathlon.
Well-defined exoerlmental conditions were
said to result In truer measurement of
toxlcl ty.
0.59 (Tif) a»,c,d, same as above
e,r,i,o,
aulfate,
copper.
iron, and
ehro.-ilum
0. 00001 (T
-------
         Endrin
                               Llmneohltus
                               rhomblcus
                               (larvae)
                                             FS
J3 (oral    a*,c,q
             dose per day,SB
             << mo)
        Samples of water, silt, bottom    Moubry, et
debris, bottom organisms, and fish were   al (1958),
taken In 1966 from a creek adlacent to an SNIC-3753
orchard which had been treated In
1963-1965 with various chlorinated
hydrocarbon pesticides.  No residues were
found In water samnles.  Silt samples
contained 0.002-0.013 opm endrin ana
0-0.On? ppm dleldrln. Endrin residues of
0.011-0.025 ppm and 0.102-0.006 ppm
dleldrln were found In debris samples.
Despite limited control data, residue
analyses Indicated that contamination of
the environment studied was limited.
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                          Moufcry, et
                                          al  I1GSM,
                                          41IC-37S3

                                          Houbry, et
                                          al  (19SB),
                                          4MIC-3753
                                   t*S acted synergistical ly with    Salon, et al
                           oarathlon to cause less survival  of
                           fatheds but had an indeterminate effect   (1969),&HIC-
                           with DDT and no synerglstic effect with    37S5
                           Endrin.

                                   No effects were noted at lower    Grant, et al
                           concentrations while higher doses caused  (1970),
                           some mortality, lowered growth rat?,      ftMIC—3826
                           decreased thyroid cell helqht, decreased
                           gametogenes1s• lowered total body fat,
                           less vacuolIzatlon of liver cells,
                           elevated serus Na concentrations,
                           osmo-regulatory disturbance, and other
                           effects.  The-authors note that sublethal
         Endrin
                               Oncorhynchus   BCFA   —
                               kisuteh  (1.50
                               g)
                                                                0.76  (Ti»)
                             a»,e,d,
                             e.f.l.o,
                             sulfate,
                             copper,
                                                                               Iron, and.
                                                                               chromium
                                               same as above
                                                                     Post, et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-1S1?

-------
ro
oo
Comoound


Fndr 1 n











Cndr In






Endr In





Endrln






Endrln


Orqan Ism


Endomychura
cr aver 1
(eqqs)











Pe 1 ec anus
occ Mental Is
(eqqs)




Sula
leucoqast«r
(eqgs)



Pandl on
ha I laetus
(eqqs)




Gaitbusla
af finis
(resistant)
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Field Field Inqredlent,
Study Location Ppm


F Western 0.17 (residue)
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic







F Western 0.07-1.13
O.S., (residua)
Pacl f Ic
Or-ean ,
Panama,
Mexico, and
An tar c tic
F Western 0.01-0.06
U.S., (residue)
Paclf Ic
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western 0.25 (residue)
U.S.,
Paclf Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
1 — 0.05-0. 
-------
         Enrlrin
         Fndrln
                              Gambusla
                              af finis
                              (susceptible)
                              Plmephales
                              oromelas  (3
                              en)
                                            BSA
0.00001-0.2
(SB 3 hr)
                                                               0.00077
K>
U>
         Endrln
                              Plwephales
                              promelas  (1
                              cm)
                                            BCFA  —
                                                               0.00057  (T2)
               ' a*,C,e,f,
                k,l,n,
                and nag-
                nesiura,
                gulf a tea,
                Iron,
                calcium
                a#,e,e,f,
                k.l.n,
                and mag-
                nesium,
                aulTates,
                Iron,
                calcium
                                                                                          at higher concentrations.  Some mortality
                                                                                          occurred at  .02-.075 pom  In susceptible
                                                                                          Tlsh and at  .<»0 pom In the resistant
                                                                                          strain.

                                                                                                 same  as above
        Bloassays conducted
simultaneously Indicated that DOT Mas
cons IricrabIy more toxic to fathead
minnows under static conditions than
under continuous fI OH conditions.
Decreasing oxyqen and Increasing
metabolites may have enhanced DOT
toxlclty.  An identical study Kith Endrln
resulted in only sllqhtly higher toxlcity
under continuous flow conditions.
Average pH,  oxyqen,  and ammonia nitrogen
were followed throughout the experiments.
 The results were comorehenslvely
discussed taking Into consideration many
contributing factors.

       same as above
Mclnqvalei
et al
(1968),
AMIC-5I.75

Llncer, et
al
( 1<170> .AHIC-
5509
                                          Lincer, et
                                          al  (1970),
                                          AMIC-5509
         Endrln
                              Palaemonetes
                              KadlaKensIs
                              (resistant)
                                            BSA
0.0028-0.0137
(Tl)
                                                                               a»
        Bloassays were conducted with     Naavl, et al
shrlmo from three areas of Intensive      (1970).
pesticide use and from an unexoosed area. AMIC-5519
 Previously exposed shrimp were from 1 to
?5 times more resistant than unexoosed
shrimp.  Both types of shrlmo were also
exoosefl in caqes to waters of the
contaminated areas.  Susceptible shrimp
suffered 66 percent more mortality than
did resistant shrlmo.  The toxicity of
the Insecticides ranked In descending
order was as follows?  most toxic,
Endrin, DDT, Methyl parathlon, ParathlonJ
medium toxlclty, Guthlon, Llndane,
Toxaphene, Strobanel lease toxic
Chlordane, Sevln, and Heotachlor.
         FndrIn
                              Palaemonetes
                                                               0.0009  (Tl)
                                                                                                 same as abova
                                                                                                                                    Naavl,et al

-------
            Cowoound
                                 Organism
                                             Field  Field
                                             Study LocatIon
                                  Toxlclty.
                                  Active
                                  Ingredient,
                                   Pom
                                   Experimental
                                   Variables,
                                   Control Ied
                                   OP Note/d
                                                                                                           Comments
                                                                                        Refer ence
          Endrln
fU
U)
CD
          Endrln
had1akensis
(non-
resistant)

Gambus1 a
affinis
(resistant)
                               Gambusla
                               affinis
                               (resistant)
                                                                0.5-? (S86-9)
                                  (whole body
                                  res 1 due)
                                                                                                                                     (1970),
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-5519
                                                      Resistant mosquitoflsh were
                                              exoosed to Endrln for varyina periods of
                                              time then fed to susceotlble green
                                              sunflsh.  Other experimental variables
                                              were studied.  Edible portions of sunflsh
                                              exoosed to sublethal concentrations of
                                              Endrln  for short periods of time
                                              contained uo to 26 pom of this chemical.
                                              The authors note that zero  tolerances
                                              have been established for Endrln and that
                                              those fish would be rendered unfit for
                                              human consumption In the event of Endrln
                                              spl11 age.

                                                     same as above
                                                                                                                                     Ferguson, et
                                                                                                                                     al (1967),
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-5976
                                                                                        Ferguson,  et
                                                                                        al  (19b7),
                                                                                        AMIC-^976
          fndrln
                               Lenom i s
                               cyaneIlus
                               (suscept1ble)
                                 greater than 1
                                 (iti, percent
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                        Ferquson,  et
                                                                                        al  (1967),
                                                                                        AMIC-597R
         Endr1n
                               leoomls
                               cv gne I I us
                               (susceptible)
                                 O.it-0.9  (whole
                                 body residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                        Ferguson,  et
                                                                                        al  (1967) ,
                                                                                        AMIC-5976
         Endrln
                               (Cyclops
                               blCUSD1dus,
                               CycI OPS
                               varleans,
                               Cyclops
                               vernal Is•
                               EucyclODS
                               aglI Is,
                               Kacrocyclops
                               albi dus,
                               Orthocyclops
                               modestus)
FL
and
BSA
                    State
                    Col leqe,
                    Miss.
                                                                0.08 (85
                                                                percent K2)
        The reso
pesticide-res ist
various oesticiri
response of ncn-
Pesti c ide-reslst
col Iec ted at Bel
species at State
cIams• snails, a
Re Izon1 were con
to pesticides th
organisms.  The
effect of Increa
organisms Is an
pesticide residu
onse of
ant aauatlc organisms to
es was compared to the
resistant soecies.
ant species were
zonl and non-resistant
 College.  Cooepods,
nd sludge worms from
siderably more tolerant
an the non-resistant
authors note that the
sed tolerance In the
increase in the amount of
es available ro animals
N a a v 1 i e t
(1969),
AMIC-5979
                                                                                                                                               a I

-------
          Endrln
ro
OJ
vo
          EndPln
          Endrln
          Endrln
          Endrln
          Endrln
          EndPln
Cooppods
(Cvcl ons
blcuso Idust
Cycl oos
var leans.
Cvcl on";
vernal is.
Eucvcloos
aql Us,
Macro cyclop 3
albldus,
Or thocycl oos
modes t us)
Tublf ex
tublfex

Physa gyrlna


Physa gyrlna


Eupera
slnqteyl

Lepomls
macrochlPus
FL
and
BSn










FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
BSA

Belzonl, 0.08 (20
Miss percent K2)











Belzonl, 6.0 (NTS)
Miss.

State 0.55 (K3>
Col leqe.
Miss.
Relzonl, 0.55 (20
Hiss. percent (K3)

State 0.075 (K3)
Col lege,
Miss.
0.0001 (SB1) a»c,e

                               Lepomls
                               macpochlpus
                                             BSA
                                                                0.001 (Kl)
                                                                                          of  higher  trophic  levels.

                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
Naqvl, et al
(1969),
AMIC-5979
                                                                                                                                     Naavl,  etal
                                                                                                                                     (1069),
                                                                                                   In  *  flow-throuqh resoiroweter,
                                                                                           the  sublethal  dosaqe  cause-T  increased
                                                                                           oxyqen  consumption  while  the  lethal
                                                                                           dosaqe  decreased  it.   Exercise  had no
                                                                                           effect  on oxyqen  consumption  but  affected
                                                                                           mucus  production  and  hastened death.
                                                                                           Symptomoloqy  of Endrin treatment  included
                                                                                           hiqh excitability,  loss of body col OP,
                                                                                           increased opercutar activity,
                                                                                           convulslonary  loss  of  eaullibrlum, short
                                                                                           quiesclence periods,  and  body hemorrhage.
                                                                                            Unexercised  fish tpeated with  0.001 opra
                                                                                           Endrln  began  to die two weeks after
                                                                                           treatment.

                                                                                                  same as above
Naavl,et al
(19S9),
AMIC-5979

Naavl, et at
(1969),
AMIC-5979

Naavl, et al
(1969),
AMIC-5979

Huner, et
al(1967),
AMIC-5981
Huner, et al

(1967),AMIC-
5981

-------


Endrln
Endr In
Endrln


Crassostrea
vlrqlnlca
(egqs)
Crasso^tre*
vlrqlnlca
(larvae)
Lepomls
•acrochlrus
Field Field

L
1 •—
BSA
Toxlcl ty.
Active
Ingredient,

0.79 
greater than
10.0 (Tl«.)
0.001-0.002
(K)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led

same as above Davis, et al
(19f.9> ,AMTC-
F990
-— same as above Davis, et
si ( 1969) ,
AHIC-5991
a Lab. tests Here fol toned by tests HcReynolds
In oonds to eradicate fish. Endrln (1969), AHIC-
r
        EndrIn
        EndrIn
        Endrln
        Endr In
        Endrln
                                        toxlclty persisted In one  pond study Ct6  108
                                        pob)  even after  thp pond had  been emptied
                                        and refilled twice.  In ponds, Endrln
                                        toxlclty varied  widely.  The  author
                                        stated that  this chemical  was too
                                        dangerous for  use as a pesciclde except
                                        In extremely Isolated Instances.
                             Leoomls
                             •Icroloonus
                             Leoonls
                             •acrochlrus
                             Leoomls
                             •acrochlrus
                             Lepools
                             •acrochlrus
                             Leoo»Is
                             •acrochlrus
                                           BSA
                                           FP
                                           FP
                                           FP
Orl f t wood
Far«  Ponds,
Indiana

Orlft wood
Farm  Ponds,
Indiana

Driftwood
Farm  Ponds,
Indiana
                                           BCFA  —
             0.001-0.002
             (K)
                                                              0.00<. (KZ)
                                                              0.001 (K?l)
                                                              0.01.6 (Kl)
                                                              0.002 (Tl)
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                Endrln absorbed by blueqlll  In
                                        lethal  and sublethsl  exposures xas
                                        determined by electron capture gas
                                        chrom^tograohy.   Absorption was measured
                                        at varying times UP to 2,
AMIC-108

Bennett, et
al(1970),
AMIC-195

-------
Endrln
                     Lepomls       BCFA
                     nacrochlrus
                                                      0.0002 (SB1)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                     Bennett, et
                                                                     al
                                                                     (1970) ,AMIC-
Endrln
Endrin
Et»drln
Endrln
Endrln
Eolchlorhydrln
                     Lepomls       BCFA
                     macrochlrus
                     lepomls       BCFA
                     maerochlrus
                     Lepomls       BCFA
                     macrochlrus
                     Lepomis       BCFA
                     •fflacroehlrus
                     Cyprlnodon    BSA
                     varlegatus
                     (60-70 mm)
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteromorpha  and
                                   BSA
o.ooo?
(0.0
-------
                                    Field   Field
                        Organism     Study  Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pp«
                                                                               Fxperlmental
                                                                               Variables,
                                                                               Control Ied
                                                                               or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                     Reference
Eot»«
                     Gammarus
                     f Q^Cla tUS
                                    BSA
                                                       23.0  (Tit)
E*«rlne sulfate
>
ro
                     NeqaprIon
                     hrevlrostrls
                     (1-3 K«J>
                                   BSA
                                                       11  (NTE  3  hr)
Csxolw«n«
                     Carclnus
                     naenas
                                   BSA
                                                       10-33  (T2)
Cssolv«n«
                     Cardluii edule BSA
                                                       33-100  (T2>
                           Testing the actual  material as sold Mas
                           found to be essential,

                a*                 Of the aquatic need herbicides    Sanders
                           evaluafod, nlclonr wns the mo^t toxic*    (1^70),
                           Oaphnla was qenerally the most sensitive  AHIC-<*53
                           organism.   All of the Crustacea were
                           affected by much lower concentration
                           levels of  herbicides than indicated by
                           the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
                           reoresent  Important food chain llnKs,

                atCfe              Data from study of drug effects   na!drldge(19
                           on younq lemon sharks were treated        691t
                           mathematically to demonstrate             AMIC-3832
                           apoI 1 cab 1 I 11y of classical rate theory to
                           the study of chemical shark deterrents,
                           Incaoacltat 1 on (narcosis) was the primary
                           parameter timed tor effectiveness.  This
                           was usually qulfe rapid for the more
                           effective drugs.

                a«(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active  Portmann, et
                UOU3 oar-  agents, solvent emulsiflers, pesticides,  al
                ation, aea-polychlorInated biphenyls, oure           (1971),AMIC-
                water, and Inorganic, and organic chetricals were     7701
                daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most'
                renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.
                                                                       a»(contin-
                                                                       uous eer-
                                                                       ation,  3oa-
                                                                       water,  and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                     Porteann, et
                                                                     al
                                                                     (1971),AMIC-
                                                                     7701
Cssotvcn*
                     Crangon
                     cranqon
                                   BSA
                                                       10  (T2>
                a»(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation,  sea-
                water,  and
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                                                                     Portmann,  »t
                                                                                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                                                                                     AM.IC-7701

-------
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       ronevial)
Essolvene
                     Ostrea edulls BSA
                                                       33-100  (TZ)
                                                                       a*(contin-
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation, sea-
                                                                       water, and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       rcne-.jal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Portmann,  et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-7701
Essolvene
                     Panda I us
                     montagul
                                   BSA
                                                       10  (T2>
                a*(contin-
                uoua aer-
                ation, sea-
                wa t
-------
Field Field
Compound .Organism Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Control lad
or Noted Comments
Reference
         Eth»nol
                               Betta
                               spI»ndens
                                                               2»50  (SB 6 hr)  a»
         Ethlon
                              Pasbora       BCFA   —
                              heteromorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                                0.52  (T2)
                                   **' ?'?£,*?
                                   hard  ™*>
I
                                   (SW)  syn-
                                   thetlc
                                   dilution
                                   water, or
                                   aaawater
                                   for'some
                                   opaclea
         Ethlon
                              Tublfex
                              tublfex
FL
and
BSA
Belzonl,
Miss.
                                                                1.50  (NTE)
         EtnoB«*n S-25
                              Rasbora
                              heferomorpha
BCFA  —
and
BSA
             0.35 (T2,
             hardxater)
a«,c,e.f,
hard (HWj
or soft
(SW)
        The effects of ethanol and        Raynes, et
bourbon en the aggressive response of     al
Siamese flqhtlnq fish were determined.   (1968),AMIC
Ethanol Increased qlll show               5712
(aggressiveness) and bourbon and bourbon
congeners decreased It.  The authors
tentatively concluded that the delayed
effect of fhe congener resulted f ro*»
involvement of a different physiological
mechanism and that this may be related to
hangover effects in man.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AHTC-5t»25
wide range of toxicitv soanning 1? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all coimonents of a
formutation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mlxtur» of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the oonoslte was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found  to be essential.

        The response of                   Naqvl, et
pesticide-resistant aouatic oroanlsms to  al(l?69).
various pesticides was corroared to the    AMIC-5979
resoonse of non-resistant soecles.
Pesticide-resistant species were
collected at Belzonl and non-resistant
soecles at State Colleoe.  Copeoods,
clams, snails, and sludge worms fron
Belzonl were considerably more tolerant
to pesticides than the non-resistant
organisms.  The authors note that the
effect of Increased tolerance In the
organisms Is an Increase In the amount of
pesticide residues available to animals
of higher trophic levels.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),AMIC-
mlsce I laneous water pollutants showed a   5
-------
         Ethomeen S-Z5
                              Rasbora
                              heteromorphs
BCTA
and
BSA
0.68 (T2,
sottwater)
         Ethylene phosphite
                              Pimephales
                              promelas
                                            BSA
                                                               3t.O (Tit)
vn
         Ethyl  parathion
                              Cardlun edule BSA
                                                               3.3-10 
-------
Compound
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
Exper Imenta 1
Varl abl es.
Control led
or Noted Comments
Reference
         E-JK.
         Fenac (Ha salt)
>
         Fenac (Xa salt)
         Fenac (Na salt)
         Fenac (Na salt!
         Fenac (Na salt)
         Fenac (Na salt)
         Fenac (Na salt)
         Fenoprop
Coho salmon   SSA   Hood  Canal,  0.01  (K)
(f 1 nqerI Inqs) Irl    Hoodsport,
              altu  Wash.
                              Gammarus
                              fasclatus
                                            USA
Paleomontes   BSA
hartl akoni I •:

As»Mus       BSA
br evIcaudus

Orconectes    BSA
nals
                              Daohnla magna BSA
                              Cyorldopsls   BSA
                              vidua
                              Leooml*:       BSA
                              macrochlrus
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteromorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (T2)
                                 greater than
                                 ino.o (T?)

                                 greater than
                                 lOO.O(TZ)

                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (TZ)
                                                               greater than
                                                               100.0  (T3)
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 (T?)
                                                               19.0  (T2)
                                                               37  (T2)
                                                                               a»
                                                 a*,c,e,r,
                                                 hard (HHJ
                                                 or soft
                                                 (3\i) syn- •
                                                 thetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 water, or
                                                 seawater
                                                                                          with  fair to good oil dlsoerslon
                                                                                          caoablIIty.

                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                                                    Tracy, et al
                                                                                                                                    (19b9).
        Of the aauatlc Heed herbicides
evaluated. Dlclone was the most toxic,
DaDhnla was generally the most sensitive
organism.  All of the crustaeoa were
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than Indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  AlI of the animals
reoresent Important food chain links.

       same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                      Sanders
                                                                                                      (1<»TO> ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-I.5S
                                                                                                                                     Sanders(1970)
                                          Sande>-s{1970) ,
                                          AHIC-«.53

                                          Sanders
                                          (1970) .AMIC-
                                          1.53

                                          Sanders
                                          (1970) , AHIC-
                                          <»53

                                          Sanders
                                          (1970) ,AMIC-
                                          1.53

                                          Sanders
                                          (1970) ,
                                          AMIC-45J
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           (19*>9),
miscellaneous w,ater pollutants showed  a   A1IC-5U25
wide range of toxlclty scanning 1? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty ot a

-------
        F«ntln acetate
        Fenuron
r
        Fenuron
        Ferric chlorMo
        Ferric sulfate
                             Panda I us
                             montaqul
                             Mercenaria
                             mercenarla
                             (eqgs)
Mercenarla
mercenarla
(I arvae)

Carasslus
auratus
                             Carasslus
                             auratus
                                           BSA    —
                                                 for some   mixture of materials.  Sometlnes
                                                 species    pesticides Here most toxic In hard water
                                                            and sometimes the oooosite Has true*
                                                            Testing the actual material as sold was
                                                            found to be essential.

                                 greater than 33 a*(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                                 (T2)            uoua aer-  agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                                                 ation, sea-po'vcn'orinated blohenyls, cure
                                                 water, and Inorganic, and organic cheiricals Here
                                                 daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                                                 solution   organisms.  The authors noted that Host
                                                 renewal)   published data of this type deal Hlth
                                                            toxiclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                                            organisms.
                                                                     Portnann, et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     ANIC-7701

                                 greater than
                                 10.0 CT2)
Ferrous chloride


Ferrous sulfate (as  Acroneurla    BSA
                             Carasslus     L
                             auratus
                                                              greater than
                                                              5.0  1T12)
5-10 (K<»)





5-10 (K<>>



5-10 (Kit)


16 (T9>
                                                                     Pavls, et
                                                                     a I(1969),
                                                                     AHIC-5990
                                                                                         The effect of 52  pesticides  on
                                                                                 embryonic development of  clams  and
                                                                                 oysters Has reported.  Synerglstlc
                                                                                 effects Hlth solvents Here  also reoorted.
                                                                                  Most  of the compounds affected
                                                                                 development more  than survival.  Some*
                                                                                 however, drastically reduced  larval
                                                                                 growth.  The authors oolnt  out  the
                                                                                 necessity of evaluating the effects  of
                                                                                 pesticides on all  life staoes of an
                                                                                 organlsff and note  the oosslbillty of
                                                                                 selecting chemicals for pest control  that
                                                                                 would  not have serious effect on
                                                                                 shell fish.

                                                                                        same as above                      Davis, et
                                                                                                                           al(19S9),
                                                                                                                           AMIC-5990

                                                                                         Iron salts were most harmful      Ashlev
                                                                                 Immediately after  dissolving, resulting   (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                 In gill blockage  (reversible),  absorption 5<»36
                                                                                 In digestive tract, and iron precipitates
                                                                                 In epithelium and renal tubules.
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                      Ashley
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMTC-5^36

                                                                                                      Ashley(1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-5I»36
                                                                              a*,c,d,e,f
                                                                                                 Ephemerella  (mayfly)  Has  the most Harnlck,  et
                                                                                         sensitive aquatic insect of those         al(1969),
                                                                                         studied, and copper the most broadly      AMIC-3767
                                                                                         toxic metal. -The authors suggest that

-------
Field Field
CoBoound Organism Study Location

Ferrous xulfate (as Ephenerella BSA
Ferrous sulfate (as Hydropsyche BSA ~
Fe)
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom

0.32 (Tli)
16 (T7>
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
aquatic Insects may not be as sensitive
to heavy metals as fish.
a',c,d,e,f same as above
a*rc,d,e,f same as above
Reference

Warnlch.
etal (1<<69>,
AHTC-3767
Warnick, et
al (1969) .
AHIC-3767
         Ferrous sulfate       Caras^lu*      L
                               auratus
8
         Flnatol FSK
                              Cranqon        BSA
                              cranqon
                                                                5-10
                                                                100-330  (T2>
         Flnasol
                               Cranqon
                               cranqon
                                             BSA
                                                                3300  (T
a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
         Fleck o.o. Fly dip   "ashore
                                             BCFA   —
                                                                0.73
                                                                                a*,c,e,f,
                                                                                                   One hundred sixty-four
                                                                                                                                     Alabaster,

-------
                              heteronorpha  and
                                            BSA
         Fluoresceln sodium
                              Sal no
                              galrdnerl
                                            BSA   —
                                                      1,372
f
Fluor«seeln sodlun   Tctalurus     nSA
                     punctatus
         Fluoresceln sodlu*   Lepomls       BSA
                              •acrochlrus
         Ftuoroklll
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
2,267 (T"t)
                                                      3,1(33 (T«O
                                                               3,500 (T2)
         Ftuoroklll
                              Sal no
                              galrdnerl
                                   BCFA
                                   and
                                   BSA
                                                               1.600 (T2)
                                                                      hard
                                                                      (HHIor
                                                                      soft (SHI
                                                                      synthetic
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      Hater, or
                                                                      seawater
                                                                      for some
                                                                      species
                a«
                                                                               a*,c,e,f,
                                                                               hard (HH)
                                                                               or
                                                                               SOFT(SW)
                                                                               synthetic
                                                                               dilution
                                                                               water,  or
                                                                               seawater
                                                                               for some
                                                                               scecles
                a*,c,e,f,
                hard (HH)
                or
                SOFT(SH1
                synthetic
                dilution
                Hater,  or
                seaHater
                           pesticides, wetting agents,  and           (19691,AMIC-
                           mlsceIlaneous water oollutants showed a   5«>25
                           wide range of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
                           of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
                           percentage of all  components of a
                           formulation did not result In easy
                           predictability of  the toxlclty of a
                           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                           pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                           and sometimes the  opposite was true.
                           Testing the actual material  as sold was
                           found to be essential.

                                   The dyes Rhodamlne B and          Marking
                           Fluoresceln sodium were found to be       (1969),
                           relatively non-toxic in pom                AMJC-5729
                           concentrations while antlmycln was toxic
                           at oob  levels.  The author states that
                           neither dye at field use concentrations
                           should  significantly Influence the
                           activity of Antlmycln A against fish.

                                  same as above                      Mar-King
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Marking
                                                                                                                           «1969) .AMIC-
                                                                                         One hundred sixty-four
                                                                                 pesticides, wetting aqents, and
                                                                                 miscellaneous water ooltutants showed a
                                                                                 wide range of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
                                                                                 of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                                                                                 percentage of all  conoonents of a
                                                                                 formulation did not result in easy
                                                                                 predictability of  the toxlcity of a
                                                                                 mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                                                                                 pesticides were most toxic in hard water
                                                                                 and sometimes the  opooslte was true.
                                                                                 Testing the actual material as sold was
                                                                                 found to be essential.

                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                     (1969),
                                                                     AHIO5V25
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-5«t2S

-------
ro
Compound


FluoroM 1 1









Follzoll

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Varlablest
Field Field Inqredlent, Controlled
Orqanlsm Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
for some
species
Plstessa BCF4 — 1,300 (T2) a*,c,».'.
vulgarls and hard (HW)
BSA or
SOFT(iM)
synthetic
dl 1 ut Ion
water., or
seawater
for sone
soecles
Cardlui" edule BSA — 33-100 (T2) a*(contln-
uoua aer-


sane as above









One hundred- f or ty surface active
aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides.
ation, 3ca- po 1 ych 1 or 1 na t ed blphenvls, pure






Follzol 1






Felper


water, and
daily
solution
renewal )


Cranqon BS4 -- 330-1000 (T2) a«(contin-
cranqoo uous aer-
ation, sea-
wator, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Brachydanlo L — 1.0 (T 30 mini
rerio
( 1 arvae)
inorqanic, and orqanlc chemicals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data ol this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
orqan 1 sins .
same as above






Folpet, Olfolatan, and Cactan
were found to be toxic to zebraflsh
larvae within 90 mln. Dlfolatan was most
Re f erence


HI abaster
(1969) ,
AHIC-5i*?5







Portnann, et
al (1171),
AMIC-7701






Portmann, et
al
(1971) .AHIC-
7701



Abedi.et al
(195f) ,
AMIC-3717
                                                                                         toxic  while Captan was  least toxic.
                                                                                         Effects observed  were  cessation of
                                                                                         heartbeat  and  loss of  oigmentat I on.   The
                                                                                         authors recommended this as a  sensitive,
                                                                                         rapid  bloassay tor these and related
                                                                                         compounds.
        For«»ldehyde
                             Salvo
                             galrdner1
8CFA
and
BSA
                                                              50 (TZ)
a*,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
hard (HH)  pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969!,
or soft    mi see I laneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-S'tZS

-------
         Formaldehyde
                              Sat mo trutta
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            BSA
                                                               50 (T2>
r
ro
         Formaldehyde
                              Crangon
                              cranqon
                                            BSA   —
                                                               330-1000  (T2>
         Formaldehyde
                              Platlcthys
                              flesus
                                            BSA
                                                               100-330  (T2)
                                                                               (3W) ayn-  wide range of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
                                                                               the tic     of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                                                                               dilution   percentage of all  components of a
                                                                               water, or  formulation did not result In easy
                                                                               aeaweter   predictability of  the toxlcity of a
                                                                               for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                                                                               apec3.es    pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                                                                                          and sometimes the  opposite was true.
                                                                                          Testing the actual  material  as sold was
                                                                                          found to be essential.

                                                                                                 same as above
                a»,c,e,f,
                hard (HH)
                or soft
                (SW)synthe
                tic
                dilution
                water,  or
                seawater
                for some
                species

                a-:,(contin-         "ne hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-  agents, solvent emulslflers. pesticides.
                atlon,  sea-Do'YcMorlnated blphenyls, pure
                wator,  and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                           toxlcity of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.
                a*(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal}
                                                                                                 same as above
                                          A I abaster
                                          (1969),
                                          •MIC-5U25
                                          Portrann, et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-7701
                                          Portmann, et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-7701
         Formal In
                              Sal mo
                              galrdnerl
200-1,00 (SB,

        Caudal arterial blood samples     Hedeneyer
were taken at selected time Intervals and (1971),AHIC-
evaluated for acid-base balance and for   3287
gill, kidney, and liver function by
measuring 02 consumption,  total C02,
HC03, Cl(mlnus), Ca(2 plus), blllrubln,
whole blood pH, and Vitamin C depletion.
Formalin treatments seemed to be a more
severe stress to rainbow gelscff pfela
data and discussion are presented.

-------
vn
ru
Field Field
Compound Organls* Study Locatlor
For.atln Oncorhynchus L —
klsutch
Forvxl In Trachlnotus BSA **•
enrol Inus
(Juvenile)








For.sl In Roccus BSA —
saxat 1 1 Is
(f Ingerl Ings)

Foralc »cld Carclnus BSA
naenas

Toxlclty, Experiments
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
1 Ppm or Noted
200-itOO (S8, f

-------
          Furfural
                               Rasbora
                               heferonorpha
                                   BCFA  —
                                   and
                                   BSA
                                                      Z3  (T2)
CO
\n

-------
           Compound
                                             Field  Field
                                 Organism    Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlent,
  Ppm
Exoerlmental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
                                           Comments
                                                      Peterence
                                                                                renewal )
         Ga'len 0
                               Cardlum edule BSA
                                                                33 (TZ)
                                                                                ac(contin-
                                                                                uous aer-
                                                                                ation, sea-
                                                                                water, and
                                                                                dally
                                                                                solution
                                                                                renewaj.}
                                                                                                  seme  as above
                                                                      Por t nann,  e t
                                                                      al  (1171),
                                                                      AMir-7701
rv>
v/i
                               Crangon
                               CPanqon
                                             BSA
                                                                10 (T2)
ac-( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                   same  as  above
                                                                      Portmannt et
                                                                      al (1=171),
                                                                      AMIC-7701
                               Pandalus
                               nontaqul
                                             BSA
                                                                10 
                a«-( contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                   same  as  above
                                                      Portmann, et
                                                      al
                                                      (1971),AHIC-
                                                      7701
         Ganlen OS
-------
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Gaul en OS*
                     Crangon
                     cranqon
                                    BSA
                                                       ID  (T2)
                                    a«(contin-
                                    uous  aer-
                                    ation,  soa-
                                    wator,  and
                                    daily
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Portnann,  et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
Gaslen OS
                                    a*(contin-
                                    uous  aer-
                                    ation, sea-
                                    water, ar.d
                                    daily
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                                                            Portmann, et
                                                                                                                            al  (1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-7701
Ganlen PBX
                     Cranqon
                     crangon
                                    3SA
                                                       330-1000  (T<»)
                                    a*(contin-
                                    uous  aer-
                                    ation,  sea-
                                    water,  and
                                    daily
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Portnann,  et
                                                                     al  (1971)i
                                                                     AMIC-7701
Ganlen H8X
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                    BSA
                                                       100-330  (Tit)
                                   a«(consin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Portaann,  et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
Gamma BHC
                     Pasbora
                     heteromoroha
BCFA
and
BSA
0.0
-------
ToxicI ty ,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism StudyLocatlon Ppm

G«*apax Randal us BSA — 33 
-------
         Graooxone  (J.F.
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteronorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                 570 (T2,
                                 hardwater)
         Granoxone  (J.F.
                              Rasbora
                              heteromorpha
              HCFA
              and
              BSA
200 (T2,
softwater)
ro
VJl
         GrIseofulvln
                              Mercenarla
                              mercenarla
                              (eggs)
water, or
seawater
for some
species

a*,c,e,f,
hard  IHW)
or soft
(SW)
syn the tic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species

a»,c,e,f ,
hard  (HW)
or soft
(SW)
syn the tIc
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
for some
species
                                 less than 0.25  ——
                                 (T2)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                                                    Alabaster
                                                                                                 same as above
Alabaster
(19691,
                                   The effect of 52 ppstlclaes on
                           embryonic development of clams and
                           oystprs was reported.  Synerglstlc
                           effects with solvents were also reported.
                            Most of the compounds affected
                           development more than survival.  Some,
                           how»vpr, drastically reduced  larval
                           growth.  The authors point out the
                           necessity of evaluating the effects of
                           pesticides on all life staqes of an
                           organism and note the possibility of
                           selecting chemicals for pest control that
                           would not have serious effect on
                           shell fish.
                                                     Davis, et
                                                     al (1969),
                                                     AHIC-5990
         Grlseofulvin
         Gulf  agent  1009
Hercenarla
mercenar1 a
(larvae)

Crangon
crangon
                                            BSA   —
                                                               less than 1.0
                                                               (T12)
                                                               330 (T
                                                                                                 same as above
                Q-»(coritin-         nr>e hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-  agents, solvent emulsiflers, pesticides,
                ation, sea-PO'ychlorlnated blphenyls, pure
                water, and Inorganic, and organic checicals were
                daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that nost
                                                     Davis, et
                                                     al (1 = 69),
                                                     AMIC-5990

                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701

-------
            Cowoound
                                              Field   Field
                                  Organism     Study  Location
Toxlclty,
ActIve
Ingredient,
  Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
ControI Ied
or Noted
                                                                                                            Comments
                                                                                                                                      Reference
          Guthlon
>
I
ro
o>
          Guthlon
          Guthion
          Gu thlon
          Gu th ion
          Guthlon
          Guthlon
                               Ictalurus
                               punc ta tus
                                             BSA
                               Ictalurus
                               •e I as
                               Carassius
                               auratus
                               CynrInus
                               carplo
                                             RSA
                                             BSA
                                             RSA
                               Plmeohales    BSA
                               promelas
                               Leooinls       BSA
                               •acrochlrus
                               Leoomls       BSA
                               •Icrolophus
                                                                 3.29  (Tit)
                                                                3.50  (Tit)
                                                                it.27  (Tit)
                                                                 0.695  (Tit)
                                                                0.295  (Tit)
                                                                0.022  (Tit)
                                                                0.052  (Tit)
                renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty ot chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.

                a,                  OrganochI orIne Insecticides were  Macek, et
                synthetic  the most toxic compounds,                 a)(1970),
                testwater  organophosphates Intermediate, carbamates AMIC-5510
                           the least toxic.  Brown trout was the
                           species most susceptible to
                           orqanochI or 1nes, echo salmon the most
                           susceptible to carbamates,  and goldfish
                           were the least susceptible  of all
                           species.  Safe concentrations established
                           by bloassays with salmonlds or
                           centrarchlds would likely be safe for
                           cyorlnlds and Ictalurlds.  Safe levels
                           for Ictalurlds or cyprlnlds would
                           probably be hazardous for centrarchlds
                           and salmonlds.  The use ot  goldfish In
                           bloassays was discouraged.
                synthetic
                test water

                a,
                synthetic
                test water
                a,
                synthetic
                test water
                                                                                synthetic
                                                                                test water
                synthetic
                test  water

                a,
                synthetic
                test  water
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                   same  as  above
                                  same as above
                                  same as above
                                                                                                   same  as  above
                                                     Hacek, et
                                                     al(1970),
                                                     AMIC-5510

                                                     Hacek, et at

                                                     (1970).AMIC-
                                                     5510

                                                     Macek, rt
                                                     al (1970),
                                                     AMIC-5510

                                                     Macek, et
                                                     al (1970),
                                                     AMIC-5510

                                                     Hacek, et
                                                     al (1970).
                                                     AMIC-5510

                                                     Macek, et
                                                     al (1970),
                                                     AMIC-5510

-------
        Guthlon
        Guthlon
        Cuthlon
        Guthlon
        Cuthlon
        Cuthlon
                             Mlcropterus   BSA
                             salmoldcs
ro
VJl
        Guthlon
        Cuthlon
                             Sal mo
                             qalrdnerI
                                           BSA
                             Salmo tputta  BSA   —
                             Oncorhynchus  BSA
                             klsutch
                             Perca
                             fIavescens
                                           BSA
                             Palaemonetes  BSA
                             kadlakensls
                             (resistant)
                                                              0.005  
-------



Compound


Field Field
Organism Study Location
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
Exper 1 men tal
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments



Reference
CutMon
Gu thlon
Gu thIon
HeotscMor eooxlde
                      M»rcenarla
                      mercenarla
                      (eqgs)
                      Hercennrla     L      —
                      mercenarla
                      (Iarvae)
                      Crassostrea    L
                      vlrqlnlca
                      (eqgs)
                                                       0.86 (T2)
                                                       0.86  (T12)
                                                       0.6? (T2)
H«ot»chlor eooxide    Brown
                      bulIhead
FRL   Misc. states 0.3
S990

Davis, et al

(19*9) ,&HIC-
5990

Henderson t
et al
(1971),
«HIC-1<»07
                                          Henderson,et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AMIC-l"t07

                                          H«nd«pson,
                                          et  al

-------
Heptachlor epoxlde
Heptachlor epoxlde
                     Smal1 mouth
                     buffalo
                     Falco
                     pereqrInus
                     (Immature)
                                   FRL
Heotachlor eooxlde
Heptachlor
                     Gizzard shad  FRL
Heptachlor
Heptachlor
Misc. states 0.16 residue
             (SB)
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
0.09 (Hhole
body residue)
Falco F
Deregrlnus
(adul t)




Hestern
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
                                                      0.18-1.0 (whole —
                                                      body residue)
                                         Misc. states O.i»5 residue
                                                      (SB)
                     Blue catfish  FRL
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteromoroha  and
                                   8SA
                                         Misc. states 0.22 residue
                                                      (SB)
                                                      0.05 (T2)
                                           11971),
                                           AHIC-11,97

       same as above                       Henderson,
                                           et al
                                           (1971),
                                           4MIC-H.07

        Peregrine falcons, falcon crey,    Rlsebrough,
and other predator soecies were collected  et al
widely and analyzed for DDT, DOE, PCS,     (1968),AMIC-
and a few other pesticides to a lesser     38
degree.  PCR and DPT were found to be
widely dispersed globally.  PCS was found
to be a powerful inducer of hepatic
enzymes that degrade oestradlol.
Reductions In thickness of egg shells,
eggshell weight, and water retention
occurred.  fill affect hatching success.
The authors state that the peregrine may
be the first species entlrpated by global
contamination.
                                                                                        same as above
                                                The Bureau of Sport Fisheries
                                        continued Its fish monitoring program by
                                        collecting 1*»7 composite fish samples
                                        from 50 nationwide monitoring stations
                                        during the fall  of 1961.  Fish were
                                        analyzed for residues of 11
                                        organochlorlne Insecticides, Holds, and
                                        PCB-s.

                                               same as above
                                                                                  PIsebrouoh,
                                                                                  et al
                                                                                  (1968),
                                                                                  •MIC-38**
                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     etal 11971),
                                                                     AMIC-11.07
                a*,c,e,f.          One  hundre
                hard (HW)  pesticides,  wettin
                or soft
                (SW) syn-
                thetic
        One hundred sixty-four
                  g agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
                                                                                  Henderson,
                                                                                  etal (1971),
                                                                                  AMIC-H07

                                                                                  A labaster
                                                                                  (1969),
                                                                      dilution   percentage of all components of a
                                                                      water, or  formulation did not result In easy
                                                                      seawater   predictability of the toxlclty of a

-------
Toxlei ty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Comoound Organise Study Locat Ion Ppm

Experimental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
OP Noted
for some mixture of
Comment s
materials. Sometimes
R e f er ence

         Hcotachlor
IV)
         H«pt»chlor
                              LepomIs
                              cyanelI us
                               (Resistant)
                                            BSA
                              Lepomls
                              cyaneI lus
                              (Susceptible)
                                            BSA
                                                                1.98  (T2>
                                                                0.07  (T2)
                           and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
                           Testing the actual  material  as sold was
                           found to be essential.

                                   Green sunflsh  from Belzonl, Miss.
                           Here resistant to Chlordane,  Heptachlor,
                           Llndane, and Strobane,  but not to
                           Parathlon.   Golden shiners from the same
                           location Here resistant to Llndane and
                           Strobane,  tolerant to  Chlordane and
                           Heptachlor, and susceptible to Parathlon.
                            Lack of resistance to Parathlon
                           Indicated lack of agricultural usaae of
                           orqanochosphates in that area.  Resistant
                           fish Here compared to  susceptible ones
                           collected at Starhvllle.

                                  same as above
                                          M1nchen, et
                                          al (197!3> ,
                                          AMIC-5U71
                                                                     Mlnchen,  et
                                                                     al(1970),
                                                                     ANIC-SI.71
         Heptachlor
                              Notemlqonus
                              crysoleucas
                              (Resistant)
                                            BSA
                                                                2.31.  (T3)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                     HlncheH,
                                                                     etal (1=-'0
                                                                     AMIC-51.71
         H«otaehlor
                              No ternIqonus
                              crysoleucas
                              (Susceptible)
                                            BSA
                                                                0.<»9  (T2)
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                     Mlnchex,
                                                                     etal (1070),
                                                                     AHIC-51.71
         Heotachlor
                              Palaemonetes
                              kadlakensls
                              (resistant)
                                            BSA
0.169-0.273
(Tl)
        Bloassays nere conducted nith     Naavl, et al
shrlno from three areas of Intensive      (1970),
pesticide use and from an unexposed area. AMIC-5519
 Previously exposed shrimp Here from 1 to
25 times more resistant than unexposed
shrimp.  Both types of shrimp Here also
exposed In caqes to Haters of the
contaminated areas.  Susceotlble shrimp
suffered 66 percent more mortality than
did resistant shrimp.  The toxlcity ot
the Insecticides ranked In descending
order Has as follons!  most toxic,
Endrjn, DDT, Methyl Parathlon, Parathlonl

-------
         H«otachlor
         Htptachlor
         HcptacMor
ON
U)
         Heptschlor
Palaemonetes
Kadlakensls
(non-
resistant)

Heteropneus-
tes fossilis
                              Amphlpnous
                              cuchla
                                            BSA
                                                               0.01.06 (Tl)
1.0 (SB 2 hr,K  —
!.<> hr)
medium toxlcltyt Guthlon, LIndanet
Toxaphene, Strobanel lease toxic
Chlordane, Sevln, and HeotacMor.

       same as above
        Epidermal lesions ot catfish
barbels were moderate to severe after
exposure noted.  Barbel  curllnq and
Inactlvatlon were associated effects.
                                            BSA
                                                                   (K3)
                                                                               atCf
                              Anabus
                              testudlneus
                                            BSA
                                                               0.5 (K3)
                                                                                ,c*d,e,f
                                                                                                                                    Naovl, et

                                                                                                                                    AMIC-5519
                                                                                                                                    Konar
                                                                                                                                    (19S9),
                                                                                                                                    4HIC-5726
                                                                    All bloassay animals were
                                                            collected  locally apparently near
                                                            Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India.  The bloassay  AMIC-U<»8
                                                            consisted of a simple ) ar  (8-IIter) with
                                                            dally solution renewal (except for
                                                            plankton studies  In which  solutions were
                                                            not renewed).  A safe apallcatlon rate of
                                                            0.813 lt>/ acre was suggested for survival
                                                            of most aquatic species.
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                      Konar
                                                                                                      (1970) ,
                                                                                                      AMIC-M.8
         Heptaehlor
                              Channa
                              ounctatus
                              (fry)
                                            BSA
                                                               0.001 (KID
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                                                    Xanar
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-4I.8
         Meptachlor
         Heptachlor
         Heotachlor
         HcptacMor
Channa
punctatus
(adul tt

Esomus
danr lea
Heteropneus-
tes fossllls

                                                               1.0
                                                                               a>c,d,e,(
                                                                               atctd,eif
                                                                               a,c,d,e,f
                                                                               atc,d,e,f
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                          Konar
                                          (1970) t
                                          AHIC-Mt8

                                          Konar
                                          (1970) ,
                                          Konar
                                          (1970) ,AMIC-
                                          lti>8

                                          Konar (1978) .

-------
ru
Conoound

Heptachlor
Heptacnlor
Heotachlor
Hept achl or
Heptachl or
Heptachlor
Meptachtor
Heptachlor
Heptachlor
Heotachlor
Heptachlor
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Xlrqanlsm Study Location Pom

Oaohnla BSA -- 0.1 (K)
Olaptomus BSA — 0.1 (K)
Gastrotrlcha BSA — 0.1 (NT)
Naupllu? RSA — 0.1 (K)
Pandorlna BSA — 0.001 (K)
Volvox BSA — 0.001 (K)
Anlsoptera BSA — 0.01 (K5>
(nymohs)
Belostoma BSA — 2.0 (K3>
Indlca
Cybister SP. BSA — 0.1 
( 1 arvae)
Dytlscus so. BSA — 0.1 (K3>
(adult)
Exoer 1 men ta 1
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments

a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,t same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,r same as above
a,e,d,e,r same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,r sane as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
Ret erence
AMIO«t<>B
Konar
(1970) .A1IC-
Konsr
(1970) ,
AMIC-
-------
CO
Ov
vn
Heptachlor


HeptacMor



Heptachl or



Heptachlor



Heptachlor



Heptachl or



Heptachlor



Heptaehlor



Heptachl or



Heptachlor



Heptachlor



Heotachlor



HeotacMor



Heptachlor



Heptachlor
                                Hydrophllus   BSA
                                sp.

                                Neoa sp.       BSA
                                Notonecta sp.  BSA
                                Ranatra       BSA
                                fillformls
                                Sohaerodema   BSA
                                annutatum
                                Hystus
                                vittatus
                                              BSA
                                Nandus  nandus  HSA
                                Puntlus
                                sophor*
                                              BSA
                                Trlchoqaster   BSA
                                f asciatus
                                (younq)
                                Tr Ic
                                f asciatus
                                ladul t)
                                              BSA
                                Brachlonus     BSA
                                Cerlodaphnla   BSA
                               Closterlum    BSA
                               Cyclops       8SA
0.08 (K3)       a,c,d,e,f


n.OU (K6)       a,c,d,e,f



0.006 (K?)      a,c,d,e,f



0.006 
                               Cypris
                                             BSA
                                                                 0.1  (K)
                                                                 0.1  (K)
                a,c,d,e.f
                                                                                       e< f
                9tCtdf e, f
     (Kl)        atc.d.e.f
                3,c,d,e,f
                                                                 0.1  (NTE)        a,c,d,e,T
                                                                 0.1  (K)
                                                                 0.001  (K)        a,c,d,e,t
                                                                                 j.c.d.e,f
                                                                                 a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                                   same as above