PE85-126126
                                                EPA-600/3r.84-108
                                                November 1984
        CHARACTERIZATION OF EMISSIONS FROM
     ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE POWER PLANT CONCEPTS
                        by
                Daniel A. Montalvo
                  Charles T. Hare
           Southwest Research Institute
                 6220 Culebra Road
             San Antonio, Texas 78284
              Contract No. 68-02-2703
                  Project Officer

                 Ronald L. Bradow
Emissions Measurement and Characterization Division
    Environmental Sciences Research Laboratory
   Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711
   ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES RESEARCH LABORATORY
      OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
      U.S.  ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
 RESEARCH TRIANGLE  PARK, NORTH CAROLINA  27711

-------
                                   TECHNICAL REPOHT DATA
                           (Please read Instructions on the reverse before completing)
 r. REPORT NO.

    EPA-600/3-84-108
                                                           3. RECIPIENT'S ACCESSION NO.
                                                             PRg
                             l 2 fe
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE

 CHARACTERIZATION  OF EMISSIONS FROM ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE
 POWER PLANT CONCEPTS
             6. REPORT DATE"
                November 1984
             6. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION CODE
7. AUTHOR(S)

 D.A. Montalvo,  and  C.T.  Hare
                                                           8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NO.
9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS
 Southwest Research  Institute
 6220 Culebra Road
 San Antonio, Texas  78284
             10. PROGRAM ELEMENT NO.

                 C9YA1C/01-04S7 (FY-84)
             11. CONTRACT/GRANT NO.
                                                               68-02-2703
12. SPONSORING AGENCY NAME AND ADDRESS
 Environmental  Sciences Research Laboratory - RTP, NC
 Office of Research  and Development
 U.S. Environmental  Protection Agency
 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711
             13. TYPE OF REPORT AND PERIOD COVERED
             14. SPONSORING AGENCY CODE
                 EPA/600/09
15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
16. ABSTRACT
        Emissions from  three diesel  cars  using two  fuel  formulations  were assessed.
  The  three  diesel  cars included a prototype  naturally-aspirated Fiat 131, a prototype
  turbocharged Fiat 131, and a  1981  Oldsmobile Cutlass  Supreme.  Each Fiat was  tested
  with and without a prototype  catalytic trap.  Vehicle operating procedures used  for
  test purposes included the 1981  Federal Test Procedures  as well as the Highway Fuel
  Economy  Test, the New  York City Cycle, and  an  85 km/hr  steady-state cruise.  Both
  regulated  and unregulated gaseous  and particulate  emissions were measured.  Organic
  solubles in particulate were  analyzed  for  various constituents and characteristics
  including  fractionation .by relative  polarity,  benzo(a)pyrene  (BaP),  and mutagenic
  activity by Ames  bioassay.
        Application  of  the  catalytic  trap  oxidizer  system  to  the Fiat  prototypes
  resulted in significant  reductions of organic  and carbon  monoxide emissions under
  all  transient driving conditions examined.   Total  particulate emissions were reduced
  an  average  of 55  percent with the  turbocharged  engine  and  65  percent  with  the
  naturally-aspirated  engine.   The  Ames assay mutagenic  response  (revertants/yg)  of
  the  particulate phase organics was elevated by  the catalytic exhaust aftertreatment
  device,  however  the  emission  rates (revertants/km)  were  reduced an  average  of  66
  percent  with the  turbocharged and  73 percent with  the naturally-aspirated engines.
17.
                               KEY WORDS AND DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
                  DESCRIPTORS
                                              b.lDENTIFIERS/OPEN ENDED TERMS  C.  COSATI Field/Group
18. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT

     RELEASE TO PUBLIC
19. SECURITY CLASS (This Report I
  UNCLASSIFIED
21. NO. OF PAGES
     486
                                              20. SECURITY CLASS fTMspagel

                                                UNCLASSIFIED
tPA Form 2220-1 (R«v. 4-77)   PREVIOUS COITION is OBSOLETE

-------
                                     NOTICE

     This information  in  this document has been  funded wholly or in  part by
the United States Environmental Protection Agency under Contract 68-02-2703 to
Southwest Research  Institute.   It has been subject  to the Agency's peer  and
administrative  review,  and it  has been  approved for  publication  as an  EPA
document.  Mention  of  trade  names or commercial products  does not  constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.
                                       ii

-------
                                   PREFACE






     This project was conducted for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency




by the Department of Emissions Research, Southwest Research Institute.  The




laboratory testing phase of the work began ir> April 1977, and was completed




in December 1981.  This project was conducted under EPA Contract No.




68-02-2703, and was identified within Southwest Research Institute as




Project Number 05-4874-001.  The EPA Project Officer was Dr. Ronald L. Bradow




of ti?«s Mobile Source Emissions Research Branch, Environmental Protection




Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.  The Southwest Research




Institute Project Manager was Charles T. Harp,who also acted as Project




Leader from the inception of the project to March 1981.  The Project Leader




from March 1981 to December 1981 was Daniel A.  Montalvo.  Karl J. Springer




was- overall supervisor of the effort.




     Many of the analytical procedures used in this program for characterizing




the unregulated emissions were developed and validated earlier in the program.




Methods of collection and analyses for aldehydes and ketones, hydrogen cyanide




and cyanogen, hydrogen sulfide, carbonyl sulfide and organic sulfides, ammonia,




organic amines, nitrous oxide, sulfur dioxide,  individual hydrocarbons,




and phenols were studied in detail.  Interference studies and proof-tests




in diesel engine exhaust were•conducted with each procedure.  Qualification




tests were conducted by introducing known quantities of these pollutants




into the exhaust of a diesel engine operating on a standard emissions test




CVS tunnel.  The development and validation of the analytical procedures




begau-in April, 1977 and were completed January 1980.  The results of these




                                    iii

-------
experiments were published April 1980 in EPA report, "Analytical Procedures




for Characterizing Unregulated Emissions from Vehicles Using Middle-Distillate




Fuels, Interim Report," EPA-600/2-80-068.




     We would like to express our appreciation to Mr. B».E... Enga and Mr.. M. F.




Buchman of Johnson-Matthey Company in Wayne, Pennsylvania for their assistance




in supplying the catalytic traps used in this project, as well as suggestioned




regeneration techniques.  Appreciation is also expressed to Dr. Rinaldo Rinolfi




of Fiat, Italy, for his help in supplying engine specifications to enable




proper catalytic trap installation.




     The prototype naturally-aspirated and turbocharged Fiat 131 diesels




used in this project were received from Fiat (Italy) for their initial study




at the Department of Transportation, Transportation Systems Center (DOT/TSC),




Cambridge, Massachusetts.  The emissions studies at DOT/TSC were under




sponsorship of the United States Department of Energy as managed by NASA




Lewis Research Center under Interagency Order C-32817-D*  Prior to their




shipment to SwRl, the vehicles were also studied at the Department of Energy,




Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma.  We gratefully




acknowledge the cooperation of Fiat (Italy), DOT/TSC, and the Bartlesville




Energy Technology Center in supplying the vehicles and relevant emissions




data for use in this program.
                                      iv

-------
                                    ABSTRACT
     Emissions from three diesel cars using two fuel formulations were
assessed.  The three diesel cars included a prototype naturally-aspirated Fiat
131, a prototype turbocharged Fiat 131, and a 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme.
Each Fiat was tested with and without a prototype catalytic trap.  Vehicle
operating procedures used for test purposes included the 1981 Federal Test
Procedure as well as the Highway Fuel Economy Test, the New York City Cycle,
and an 85 km/hr steady-state cruise.  Both regulated and unregulated gaseous
and particulate emissions were measured.  Organic solubles, in particulate were
analyzed for various constituents and characteristics including fractionation
by relative polarity, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), and mutagenic activity by Ames
bioassay.

     Application of the catalytic trap oxidizer system to the Fiat prototypes
resulted in significant reductions of organic and carbon monoxide emissions
under all transient driving conditions examined.  Total particulate emissions
were reduced an average of 55 percent with the turbocharged engine and 65
percent with the naturally-aspirated engine.  The Ames assay mutagenic
response (revertants/yg) of the particxtlate phase organics was elevated by the
catalytic exhaust aftertreatment device, however the emission rates
(revertant/Ton) were reduced an average of 66 percent with the turbocharged and
73 percent with tha naturally-aspirated engines.

-------
                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE

ABSTRACT                                                               v

LIST OF FIGURES                                                       &

LIST OF TABLES                                                        xi

I.     INTRODUCTION                                                    1

II.    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS                                         2

III.   VEHICLES, FUELS, AND TEST PROCEDURES                            9

       A.   Test Vehicles                                              9
       B.   Test Fuels                                                13
       C.   Test Procedures and Equipment                             16
       D.   Test Plan                                                 28

IV.    ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS                32

       A.   Description of the Analytical Procedures                  32
       B.   Validation and Qualification of Analytical Procedures     50
       C.   Minimum Detection Values for Unregulated Emissions        52

V.     CATALYTIC TRAP-OXIDIZER REGENERATION                           54

       A.   Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel                           56
       B.   Fiat Turbocharged Diesel                                  66

VI.    REGULATED EMISSIONS AND FUEL ECONOMY RESULTS                   72

VII.   UNREGULATED GASEOUS EMISSIONS RESULTS                          80

       A.   Individual Hydrocarbons                                   80
       B.   Aldehydes                                                 83
       C.   Ammonia                                                   86
       D.   Phenols                                                   87
       E.   Total Cyanide                                             91
       F.   Trap-Collected Gaseous Hydrocarbons                       92
       G.   Organic Sulfides                                          98
       H.   Hydrogen Sulfide                                         100
       I.   Organic Amines                                           100
       J.   N-Ni t ros ami nes                                           10 2
                                     vii

-------
                         TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont'd).
VIII.  UNREGULATED PARTICULATE EMISSIONS RESULTS
       A.
       B.
       C.
       D.
       E.
       F.
       G.
       H.
       I.
       J.
       K.

REFERENCES

APPENDICES
Visible Smoke Emissions
Particle Size Distribution
Particulate Composition
Sulfate
Trace Elements
Percent Organic Solubles
Organic Solubles Composition
Organic Solubles Boiling Range
Organic Solubles Polarity Profile
Benzo(a)pyrene in Organic Solubles
Mutageaic Activity of Organic Solubles
104

104
106
106
110
112
114
118
118
125
128
133

138
       A.   Test Res-ults,Trap Regeneration on Fiat Naturally-
            Aspirated Diesel with Catalytic Trap Fuel EM-469-F
       B.   Test Results, Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
            Without Aftertreatment Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       C.   Test Results, Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
            With Catalytic Trap Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       D.   Test Results, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel
            Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       E.   Test Results, Fiat Turbocharged Diesel Without
            Aftertreatment Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       F.   Test Results, Fiat Turbocharged Diesel With
            Catalytic Trap Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       G.   Test Results, Individual Hydrocarbons Obtained on
            Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass
            Diesels, Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       H.   Test Results, Aldehdyes and Ketones Obtained on
            Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass
            Diesels Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       I.   Test Results, Phenols Obtained on Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C.,
            and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels Fuels EM-329-F
            and EM-469-F
       J.   Test Results, Paraffin Peaks Obtained on Fiat N.A.,
            Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels,
            Fuelsl EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       K.   Test Results, Organic Sulfides Obtained on Fiat N.A.,
            Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Catlass Diesels,
            Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       L.   Formal Reports for Analysis of N-Nitrosamines Obtained on
            Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels,
            Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
                                      viii

-------
                         TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont'd).
APPENDICES (Cont'd).

       M.   Visible Smoke Data of Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
            Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       N.   Elemental Anlaysis of Particulate Matter Obtained on
            Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C. and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels,
            Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F
       O.   Organic Solubles Boiling Range and Chromatograms
       P.   Formal Ames Bioassay Reports Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
            Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels, Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F.

-------
                           LIST OF FIGURES

                                                                           Page
 1      FTP Organic Emissions of Fiat N.A..  Fiat  T.C.,  and 1981            2a
        Oldsmobile Cutlass  Diesel Vehicles with EM-329-F and EM-469-F
        Fuels.

 2      FTP and HFET Organic Emissions of Fiat  N.A., Fiat T.C., and l?oi   ?b
        Oldsmobile Cutlass  Diesel Vehicles with EM-329-F Fuel.

 3      FTP and NYCC Organic Emissions of Fiat  N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981   2c
        Oldsmobile Cutlass  Diesel Vehicles with EM-329-F Fuel.

 4      FTP and 85 kph Organic Emissions of  Fiat  N.A.,  Fiat T.C.,  and      2d
        1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel Vehicles with EM-329-F Fuel.

 5      Views of Diesel Vehicles as  Evaluated on  Dynamometer               11

 6      Schematic Diagram of Exhaust Dilution Tunnel                        18

 7      Views of Regulated  Particulate Sampling System                     20

 8      Emissions Sampling  System                                          22

 9      Views of the Emissions Sampling System                              23

1C      FTP, HFET, and NYCC Driving  Cycles vs Time Traces                  25

11      Schematic Diagram of Gaseous HC Sampling  System                    39
        (for boiling range  analysis)

12      Installation of Particle Sizing Iroactor  in                        41
        Dilution Tunnel

13      Particle Sizing Impactor Disassembled                               41

14      Johnson-Matthey JM-13 Catalytic Trap-Oxidizer                       55

15      Cumulative Particle Size Distributions by Impactor with              107
        Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsaobile Diesels,
        Fuel EM-329-F

16      Cumulative Particle Size Distributions  by Irrpactor with            108
        Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsrsobile Diesels,
        Fuel EN-469-F

17      HPLC Chromatograms  of Benzo(a) pyrer.e, 9-f luorenone,                129
        and Acridine

18      KPLC Chromatograms  of 4-bag  FTP Organic Solubles from              129
        1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel, Fuel EM-329-?

-------
                         LIST OF FIGURES (Cont'd)

Figure                                                                      Page

 19      HPLC Chromatograms of 4-bag FTP Organic Solubles from              130
         Fiat N.A. diesel without aftextreatment, Fuel EM-329-F

 20      HPLC chromatograms of 4-bag FTP Organic Solubles from              130
         Fiat N.A. Diesel with Catalytic Trap, Fuel EM-329--F

 21      HPLC Chromatograms of 4-bag FTP Organic Solubles from              131
         Fiat T.C. without Aftertreatment, Fuel EM-329-F

 22      HPLC Chromatograms of 4-bag FTP Organic Solubles from              131
         Fiat T.C. Diesel with Catalytic Trap, Fuel EM-329-F

-------
                               LIST OF TABLES

Table                                                               Page

  1       Description of Diesel Test Veliicles                         10

  2       Properties of Test Fuels                                    15

  3       Summary of Driving Schedule Parameters                      24

  4       Test Cooing System                                          28

  5       Test Sequences and Emission Measurements to be Conducted
          on Each Vehicle Configuration and Fuel                      30

  6       Sampling and Analysis Methodology for Unregulated
          Emissions                                                   33

  7       Analytical Procedures Validated and Qualified               51

  8       Minimum Detection Values (MDV) for Unregulated Gaseous
          Emissions                                                   53

  9       Maximum Inlet and Outlet Temperatures of Johnson-Matthey
          Catalytic Trap Used on Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
          with EM-329-F Base Fuel                                     59

 10       Maximum Inlet and Outlet Temperatures of Johnson-Matthey
          Catalytic Trap Used on Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
          with EM-469-F Fuel                                          60

 11       Catalytic Trap Backpressure Determined at Various
          Intervals During Emissions Testing with Fiat Naturally-
          Aspirated Diesel                                            61

 12       "High Idle" Trap Regeneration Test Sequence Used on
          Naturally-Aspirated Fiat with Catalytic Trap and
          EM-469-F Fuel                                               64

 13       Maximum Inlet and Outlet Temperatures of Johnson-Matthey
          Underfloor Catalytic Trap used on Fiat Turbocharged
          Diesel with EM-329-F Fuel                                   69

 14       Maxinum Inlet and Outlet Temperatures of Johnson-Matthey
          Underfloor Catalytic Trap used on Fiat Turbocharged
          Diesel with El*-469-F. Fuel                                   69

-------
                           LIST OF TABLES (Cont'J).

Table                                                               Page
 15       Catalytic Trap Backpressure Determined at Various
          Intervals During Emissions Testing with Fiat Turbocharged
          Diesel                                                      70

 16       Vehicle, Fuel, and Test Cycle Comparisons for Average
          Hydro carbons                                                7 3

 17       Vehicle, Fuel, and Test Cycle Comparisons for Average
          Carbon Monoxide                                             73

 18       Vehicle, Fuel, and Test Cycle Comparisons for Average NOX   74

 19       Vehicle, Fuel, and Test Cycle Comparisons for Average
          Particulate                                                 74

 20       Vehicle, Fuel, and Test Cycle Comparisons for Average
          Fuel Economy                                                75

 21       Summary of Average "Total" Individual HC Results for
          Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels   82

 22       Summary of Average "Total" Aldehydes Results for Fiat N.A.,
          Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels              85

 23       Ammonia FTP Results for Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                  87

 24       Average "Total" Phenol (Filtered and Unfiltered) Results
          by Test Cycle and Fuel, Fiat N.A. with no Catalyst          88

 25       Summary of Average "Total" Phenol (Filtered) Results for
          Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels   90

 26       Total Cyanide Results for Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                  91

 27       Summary of Gas Chromatograph Analysis of Trap-Collected
          Gaseous Hydrocarbons, Fiat N.A. Diesel with and without
          Exhaust After-treatment                                      93

 28       Summary of Gas Chromatograph Analysis of Trap-Collected
          Gaseous Hydrocarbons, Fiat T.C. Diesel with and without
          Exhaust Aftertreatment                                      94

 29       Summary of Gas Chromatograph Analysis of Trap-Collected
          Gaseous Hydrocarbons, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel,
          Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F                                 95

-------
                           LIST OP TABLES (Confd).

Table

 30       Summary of Gas Chromatograph Analysis of EM-329-F
          and EM-469-F Diesel Fuels                                   95

 31       Summary of Average "Total" Organic Sulfide Results
          for Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsonibile Cutlass
          Diesels                                       •              99

 32       Summary of Organic Amines Results at 85 kph Steady-State
          with Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass
          Diesels                                                    101

 33       Visible Smoke Data for Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                 105

 34       Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Exhaust Particulate
          Matter from Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile
          Cutlass Diesels                                            109

 35       Sulfate Results for Fiat N.A. and Fiat T.C. Diesels-
          with Fuel EM-329-F.                                         111

 36       Methylene Chloride Solubles of Particulate Samples
          from Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass
          Diesels                                                    115

 37       Benzene-Ethanol Solubles of Particulate Samples from
          Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels  116

 38       Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Exhaust Particulate
          Organic Solubles from Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                 119

 39       Gas Chromatograph Analysis of Organic Solubles in
          Particulate Matter, Fiat T.C. Diesel, No Aftertreatment,
          Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F                                122

 40       Gas Chromatograph Analysis of Organic Solubles in
          Particulate Matter, Fiat T.C. Diesel with Catalytic Trap,
          Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-F               •                 123

 41       Gas Chromatograph Anlaysis of Organic Solubles in
          Particulate Matter, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel,
          Fuels EM-329-F and EM-469-?                                124

-------
                          LIST OF TABLES (Cont'd).

Table

 42       Normalized HPLC Chromatograph Peak Data of Particulate
          Organic Solubles from Fiat N.A.,  Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                 127

 43       Benzo(a)pyrene in Organic Solubles of Particulate
          Matter, Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsrcobile
          Cutlass Diesels                                            132

 44       Ames Bioassay Response of Organic Solubles in
          Particulate, Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981
          Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesels                                 135

 45       Ames Bioassay Results in Revertants per Kilometer,
          Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass
          Diesels                                                    137

-------
                                I.  INTRODUCTION





     Continuing concern for diminishing worldwide petroleum supplies  has



prompted a renewed interest in more efficient engine designs as alternates



to gasoline engines now in wide use.  Advanced-concept engines initially



considered for emissions and fuel economy studies in this program were gas



turbines, Stirling cycle, turbocharged and naturally-aspirated diesels,



Rankine cycle, stratified charge, and advanced Otto-cycle.  Actual engine



availability only permitted evaluation of a prototype naturally-aspirated



diesel, a prototype turobcharged diesel, and a 1981 regular   production



naturally-aspirated diesel.  Each prototype diesel was also evaluated with



catalytic trap.  A "National Average" No. 2 fuel served as the "primary



fuel" or base fuel.  Although a "wide boiler" was initially considered as



a "second" fuel, it became apparent that the test vehicles would need a



higher-cetane distillate to run well.  Consequently, 4 "second" fuel  which



is bascially a No. 2 home heating oil was chosen to provide a "worst  case"



comparison.



     Because all exhaust emissions have a potential impact on the public



health, the study reported here also measured a substantial number of



unregulated exhaust emissions along with the regulated emissions (HC, CO,



NOX, and particulate).  Dynamometer driving schedules used in the study


                                         (1) «
included the 1981 Federal Test Procedure     (3-bag FTP), 4-bag FTP (cold



23-minute FTP plus hot 23-minute FTP), Highway Fuel Economy Test    (HFET),



New York City Cycle    (NYCC), 85 km/hr steady-state, and the "cold 505"   (fiz



505 seconds of a cold-start FTP, used for smoke evaluation only).
*Superscript numbers in parentheses designate  references at end of report.

-------
                        II.  SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS






     The major purpose of this project was to evaluate many different




emissions during dynamometer operation of a prototype naturally-aspirated




Fiat 131 diesel with and without catalytic trap, a prototype turbocharged




Fiat 131 diesel with and without catalytic trap, and a 1981 regular production




Oldsmobile Cutlass diesel.  Transient and steady-state cycles incorporated




into the study were the 3-bag FTP, 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, 85 kph and cold 505.




All test vehicles were operated using a "National Average" No. 2 fuel




 (SwRI Code EM-329-F) and a Couch No. 2 fuel  (SwRI Code EM-469-F) which is




basically a home heating oil.




     The overall evaluations were planned principally to collect a substantial




amount of information on regulated and unregulated emissions, with minimum




repetitive testing.  Tne total number of tests completed with the five




vehicle  configurations was still very extensive, however, including 36




sequences consisting of a 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph cycle each.




In addition, more than 138.supplementary tests were also completed consisting




of ten 4-bag FTP's, thirty hot FTP'S,, seventeen HFET's, thirty-nine NYCC's,




twenty-five 85 kph's, seventeen cold 505's,  and various trap regeneration tests.




   An important finding in this project was the success of the catalytic traps




in significantly reducing various regulated and unregulated organic emissions




of the naturally-aspirated and turbocharged Fiats.   A good illustration




of the trap oxidizer effectiveness in organic emissions control is provided




in Figures 1 through 4,  where emissions of soluble  organic fraction (SOF) ,




individual hydrocarbons (IHC), aldehydes and ketones,  and phenols.are com-




pared to HFID total hydrocarbons.   Figure 1 indicates how the FTP emissions

-------
A:
«


2



o
•H
01
m


a
    400 |—
    350  -
    300
    250
    200
    150
    100
      50
                                                            |i| EM-329-F




                                                            r*"J EM-469-F
                                                                       b
                                                                       I
                                                                               tn
                                                                               
-------
400
350 -
                                                           FTP
                                                           Ht'ET



300




250
e
*
*^v
0)
3 200
c
o
m
in

U 150



100
50

0
i
0
s
••









••





—



*
—


p
i$
?;•:
•ft
•X
•X-
•:•£
*X"
1
;••'•:
If
•X
f$
X-!
;£:

•a








Q
n
fa
1
o
X








fa
o
(A
JS
^V
i





[A
IV
C tn
HI O
X ^
Q (U
CJ C fa
X 3 K T3
H 1 C
tn U  i o :¥;: t: o>
x-iiSy x; js •:•:•: o x c
"»*•"• '•*P*»* D Q* 'I**'!' 0"4 EC rC ft*
X'l"! *^* JvX Wv ^
*** ^x|: iii Si "* ra
1
^
1



tn
HI
C
s
(U
X
•o
c
10
fa tn
O 0) n
01 CJ -O •-!
K >. O
wi M x; c
.'.V11, ffi /i»
•-feaa-S g
_j ,^
•^ ;-M
           Fiat N. A.   Fiat N.A./trap   Fiat T.C.   Fiat T.C./trap    Cutlass
    Figure  2.  FTP and HFET organic emissions of Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and
         1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass diesel vehicles with EM-329-F fuel.
                                       2b

-------
  491 rag/km
                                                        FTP
                                                        NYCC
400





350




300


250
e
\
e
o
«j 200
C
o
en

Vti
659 inq/km
^
t
o
G 2
= 2
M X
W
>«J







u
X
IH
b
>vCj
1



'&•"
1
^
01
0
01
TJ 0
nj 01 O
^ -M
in o Q u
a) c M ^
•a ai fe
>i JS X *O
"r-T " o § "
rt p Ji-s s
•~ *X fei p™J >, X
:W: o x; a.
>X; W V 	
?5? f w SiS * [m

x^1

•:?-

§•:
i|
^
i
• •„•
i
jx:
fx-
I
1
:|:|:
•t'x
^ u
^ X










H
^ S
M X . <0
PL, V) C
o n "> i— i °
MC 4J
__ ,. o v
54 *O
W • C
*O i™4 (0
'CO mm
n3 C Xv «
0) t% QJ
rf Is . I y 1
SS:^5 >^n I-'*' M oi in
v'.v ::S ^ -S; __ "° H
'.::::::j-:::;: 13 __ :¥: o < c
cVftWS •-" 33 ¥x w • 0)
;:•:•*:••:• "* ;:•:•:; :•:•:: — 33? 1 £
^S-S^Si-:::^ S-i $•:• x^feS b53

-';•'









%
•V."
1
1











L,_JSOF
(IHC
tiydes and Ketones
Phenols
ifc 2F
yxfcxfe; ^, x"
        Fiat N. A.   Fiat N. A./trap     Fiat T.C.   Fiat T.C./trap
Cutlass-
Figure 3.  FTP and NYCC organic amis.sions of Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and
      1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass diesel vehicles with EM-329-F fuel.
                                  2c

-------
                                                                  FTP



                                                                  85 kph
4
er>
V
4J
C
O
•H
to
in
-H

w
    400 1—
    350
    300
250
     200
     150
     100
      50
Cu
X
1
O
X
1
:$
38
$
!•£
::;:::
Sx
•>x
1%
1
i
y>
:j:j
>?i
O
Cu
X
X









Cu
O
CO
I'x'jVrra
::£&
$:$:¥£

''






i
^




•.. '


VI
4)
c n
0 01
AJ C
to o
i^/ i i
Q 01
•a M «
o e cu
X 
w u ffl
??3 o) x
•X<- *O «___ W (0
•X-; >i 01 ~ 0) r-t
::^ js * ::x; o-oo
>:? o o x-'/ x >i c
•I'X *O C i'X'1 M rC U^
:•.'•;; 1-1 01 xo cu 01 si

** 3%Z33 v^^l^l^
w!
*•:•:•
*I'X'
Xvi
:•:•:;:
1
*:•:
:W
1
"•*«*
I
;.;,;.
••ft'
|













U)
01
o
JJ
 o
:">£lvnji "O c
iipl ^
/X*vX*l rH P??3
vSjfi'B ^ p53
i^ss|^

















Q
M
Cu
X
0
Q n
M 01
? §
u a>
DC ^
W5 T3
II S
:•:•:• tn
•;:•: u >, o
'X% o M o a)
>•:•: tOp.jP!. 'Q ^-
sl^^ ^ESJ
I
••"•*•
Jjjj





(Q
g
S
IV
«
•o
Cu U)
O 0) U)
CO CJ , O
H .C C
>¥:' a) 41
•J-v J53 "O -G
i tf
j Pv3
Fiat N. A. FiatN.A./trap Fiat T.C. Fi?t T.C/trap Cutlass
       Figure 4.  FTP and 85 kph organic emissions of Fiat N.A.,  Fiat  T.C.,  and

            1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass diesel vehicles with EM-329-7 fuel.
                                          2d

-------
varied with fuel and vehicle; while Figures 2 through 4 provide a comparison




of emissions between the FTP and the other cycles used with each vehicle




for fuel EM-329-F only.  The total HC emissions are from the 3-bag FTP.




and the emissions of the remaining four pollutants are from the 4-bag




FTP (0.43 times 23-minute cold FTP plus 0.57 times 23-minute hot FTP).




     The FTP emissions shown in Figure 1 were generally higher with




EM-469-F than with EM-329-F, but not by substantial amounts.  The highest




emissions of HC, SOF, IHC, and aldehydes and k^cones were from the Fiats




without aftertreatment.  The SOF was the largest portion of the total




HC obtained using the Fiats without aftertreatment, ranging from 25 to




46 percent of the total HC.  Catalytic trap use on the two Fiats signifi-




cantly reduced emissions of total HC, SOF. IHC, and aldehydes.  Total




hydrocarbons alone were reduced by an average of 83 percent on the




naturally-aspirated Fiat, and by an average of 64 percent on the turbo-




charged Fiat.  Average reductions of SO" with catalytic traps were 96




and 88 percent for the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels, respectively.




     All vehicle emissions shown in Figure 2, except for the phenols of




the Fiat T.C./trap configuration, were lower on the HFET than on the FTP.




The HFET total HC was less than 50 percent of the FTP total HC on all the




Fiat vehicle configurations.  The highest fraction of the HFET total HC




on the Fiats without afuertreatment was SOF, emitted at an average of




55 percent of the total HC emission rate.  The HFET SOF emission rate of




thf» trap-equipped Fiats, was 21 percent (average) of the HFET total HC




emission rate.    The HFET total hydrocarbon and SOF reductions with trap




use on the naturally-aspirated Fiat  amounted to 91 and 97 percent,




respectively.  Corresponding HFET total hydrocarbon and SOF emissions
                                      2 e

-------
reductions with trap on the turbocharged Fiat were 73 and 84 percent.




     The majority of vehicle emissions shown in Figure 3 were higher on




the NYCC than on the FTP, especially total hydrocarbons from the Fiats




without aftertreatment and the Cutlass.  Highest total hydrocarbons, SOF,




and IHC in the NYCC evaluations were emitted by the Fiats without after-




treatment.  The SOF emission rates on the NYCC were 22 and 16 percent of




the total hydrocarbon emission rates on the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels




without aftertreatment, respectively.  Significant reductions in NYCC




total hydrocarbon and SOF emissions occurred with trap use on the Fiats -




total hydrocarbons were reduced by 95 percent (Fiat N.A.)  and 82 percent




(Fiat T.C.). while SOF was reduced by 81 percent (Fiat N.A.)  and 85




percent (Fiat T.C.).




     Total hydrocarbon, SOF, IHC, and aldehyde emissions from each vehicle




were all lower on the 85 kph than on the FTP as shown in Figure 4, most




clearly with the trap-equipped Fiats.  The SOF emission rates were 84 and




33 percent of the total hydrocarbons emitted at 85 kph using the Fiat N.A.




and T.C. vehicles without aftertreatment, respectively.  Total 85 kph hydro-




carbon and SOF reductions with trap use on the Fiats were greater than




96 percent.




        Other important observations and conclusions reached as a result of




this project (not necessarily in order) are-as follows:




        • Catalytic trap use on the naturally-aspirated and. turbocharged




          Fiats provided acceptable engine operation on all cycles and




          with each test fuel.  Over its 1686 km  (1048 mi) of use, the




          catalytic trap -on the naturally-aspirated fiat required regeneration





                                       2f   .

-------
every 422 km (261 mi) on the average, while the trap on the




turbocharged Fiat required no regeneration over the entire 1141 km




(877 mi) of its use.
Emissions of CO by the Fiat N.A. and T.C. vehicles were reduced




by an average of 91 percent on the Fiat N.A. diesel and 80 percent




on the Fiat T.C. diesel when the catalytic traps were used.




With trap use and both fuels, the NOX emissions of the naturally-




aspirated Fiat were increased by an average of 17 percent.  Trap




operation on the turbocharged Fiat reduced NOX emissions slightly




with EM-329-F and increased them slightly with EM-469-F.  The




effect of trap backpressure on the NOX emission changes observed




is not known, since trap backpressure was not monitored continuously




during emissions testing performed on the Fiats.




Regulated particulate emissions of the Fiats were, lower for every




cycle and fuel combination with catalytic trap than without, by an




average of 65 and 55 percent on the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels,




respectively.  No major differences in particulate emissions with




respect to fuel type were generally found by vehicle or driving




cycle.

-------
• Highest fuel economy overall  was obtained with  the two naturally-




  aspirated Fiat configurations,  and  lowest economy overall with




  the Cutlass.   With each test  vehicle and fuel,  fuel economy was




  highest in the HFET and 85 kph, as  expected.  Mo obvious trends




  were noted for fuel economy jetween fuels in most of the vehicle




  configurations.   Although fuel  economy decreased somewhat with




  trap use on the Fiat N.A. diesel in the HFET and 85 kph with




  EM-329-F, no substantial change in  fuel economy was evident




  between the two different exhaust configurations of the turbo-




  charged Fiat.




• Methylene chlorida soluble organics were significantly lower with




  the catalytic traps on  the Fiat N.A. and T.C. • diesels  than without.




  Over tne five cycles and two  fuels, the average percent by weight




  of solubles decreased from 58 percent with no aftertreatment to




  9  percent with trap for the naturally-aspirated Fiat, and from




  34 percent with no aftertreatment to 10 percent with trap for the




  turbocharged Fiat.




• Weak to strong positive mutagenic responses were obtained on all




  organic solubles from particulate emitted by the five vehicle




  configurations and two  fuels.  Highest overall  mutagenic response in




  revertants/yg was obtained with the trap-equipped Fiats.  On the




  basis of revertants/km, however, the trap-equipped Fiats generally




  indicated the lowest mutagenic  activity.  Revertants/km of the




  Fiats with traps were reduced by an average of  73 percent on the




  naturally-aspirated Fiat and  by an  average of 66 percent on the




  turbocharged Fiat as compared to corresponding  cases without aftertreatment.

-------
Benzo(a)pyrene   emission rates ranged from "non-detected" to 30.8




ug/km, with most BaP emission rates less than 7.8 Mg/km.  Highest




BaP emissions on each cycle and with each fuel were associated




with the two Fiats without after-treatment.  Employing the catalytic




trap on the Fiats, however, generally reduced their BaP emissions




by more than 82 percent on the naturally-aspirated Fiat, and by




more than 53 percent on the turbocharged Fiat.




Fractionation of organic solubles by HPLC determined that their




normalized relative response was generally lowest in the transitional




region and highest in the polar region.  Correlation between the




normalized peak area and the results of Ames and BaP was not




discerned.




Ethylene usually accounted for at least half of the "total" IHC




for each vehicje, cycle, and fuel combination.  The average




reductions of "total" IHC emissions with catalytic trap was 70




percent on the Fiat N.A. diesel and 48 percent on the Fiat T.C.




diesel.




Aldehyde emissions showed overall low concentrations and con-




siderable scatter.  Formaldehyde was generally the largest portion




of the "total" aldehydes evaluated, and at times was the only




aldehyde detected.  Highest formaldehyde emissions were those from




the Fiats without aftertreatment.  With trap use, formaldehyde was




reduced by more than 53 percent on the naturally-aspirated Fiat




and by more than 43 percent on the turbocnarged Fiat.  The FTP




formaldehyde emissions of the trap-equipped Fiats were low (from

-------
"none detected" to 2.4 rag/km), and compatible to those obtained




in a separate EPA study using low mileage 1978 oxidation catalyst-




equipped gasoline cars.




Ammonia emission rates ranged from 0.43 to 118 mg/km, with most




emissions measuring under 10 mg/km.  The cold FTP and hot FTP




ammonia emissions were reduced using the trap catalyst on the




Fiat N.A. diesel.
                           5a

-------
• The phenol compound appearing most consistently and found in




  largest quantities throughout the study was 2,3,5,6-tetramethyphenol.




  Although "total" phenol emissions indicated considerable  variation




  overall, the results did indicate some reduction of phenols  with




  the trap-equipped Fiats.




• Most total cyanide emissions were above the minimum detectable




  limit (MDV)  by at least a factor of three.   Catalytic traps  on




  the Fiats were usually associated with slightly higher total




  cyanide emissions.




• Analysis of "trap-collected" gaseous hydrocarbons showed  a strong




  tendency towards lower temperatures-of boiling range and  light




  ends than found with the fuels themselves.   The Fiat N.A.  diesel




  with catalytic trap consistently indicated  lower HC -boiling  ranges




  with EM-469-F than with EM-329-F.  The Light-end boiling  temperatures




  of the Fiat T.C. diesel were consistently lowered with use of the




  catalytic trap.




• Carbonyl sulfide and methyl sulfide were always present in exhaust




  with all vehicle configurations, fuels, and test cycles at emission




  rates ranging from 1.5 to 206 mg/km, and from 0.15 to 43  mg/km,




  respectively.  No strong emissions trends of "total" sulfides with




  fuels on most vehicles, or with trap use on the Fiats were apparent.




• Hydrogen sulfide was not detected in dilute exhaust of any vehicle




  evaluated during tha 4-bag FTP (-0.34 mgAm MDV), HFET (0.24 m'g/km MDV),




  or NYCC (2.16 mgAm MDV).

-------
Organic amines, when detected, were generally found at low concen-




trations. An indication of increased organic amines emissions was




apparent on the Fiat T.C. diesel with trap use.




No N-nitrosamines were detected in dilute exhaust of any test




vehicle tested over an entire test sequence consisting of a 4-bag FTP,




HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph steady-state.  The average MDV for nitrosamines




ranged from 0.90 Ug/km to 4.4 Ug/km depending on the analytical




procedure used.




Strong fuel trends did not emerge in the visible smoke emitted from




the test vehicles.  The use of catalytic traps on both Fiats




generally reduced their visible smoke.  Overall, the lowest and




highest smoke emitters were the Fiat N.A. with catalytic trap and




the Fiat T.C. without after-treatment, respectively.




Particles aerodynamically-sized by an inertial impactor indicated




that catalytic trap use generally increased particle size on the




Fiat N.A. diesel with both fuels, and on the Fiat T.C. diesel




with EM-469-F.  The Fiat N.A. diesel with trap emitted the largest




particles overall, with about 60 percent, of its particles measuring




more than 0.1 aicron ECD (Effective Cutoff Diameter).




Low hydrogen content, indicative of dry or soot-like particulate




material rather than an oily material,-was found in most particulate




matter by elemental analysis.  Significant elemental content




differences between fuels were not apparent.  Carbon content for




the trap-equipped Fiats was decreased in the HFET and 85 kph.




Nitrogen in particulate .matter averaged 0.5 percent overall.

-------
• Sulfate emissions with the trap and fuel EM-329-F were increased

  in the HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph using the Fiat N.A. diesel,  but

  were decreased in all cycles using the Fiat T.C. diesel with trap.

  The largest increase in sulfate, as percent of particulate,  •>

  occurred on the HFET and NYCC with the Fiat N.A. diesel using

  the trap.


• Trace elements most commonly found in particulate matter from the

  test vehicles were sulfur, magnesium, aluminum, zinc,  silicon,

  calcium, iron, barium, and phosphorus.  Sulfur and iron generally

  accounted for more than fifty percent of the "total" trace element

  emission ratn in each cycle.  Overall, the elements emitted made

  up from 1.2 to 11.8 percent of the particulate emission rate.


  Trace element emission rates greater than 3 percent of the parti-

  culate emission rate were emitted only by the trap-equipped Fiats.

• Analysis for carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen in -organic solubles

  indicated the presence of hydrocarbon-like materials with  numeric

  H/C ratio between 1.58 and 1.95.  The catalytic trap-equipped

  Fiats were associated with the lowest H/C ra,tio for the 4-bag FTP,

  which may indicate that a higher content of unsaturated hydro-

  carbons was present with trap than without trap.

• Determination of organic solubles boiling range was significantly

  limited by what appeared to be sample polymerization or actual

  degradation of sample  during G.C. analysis.   Resultant boiling

  range data more successfully interpreted indicated no major or

  consistent differences of solubles boiling range with fuel type.


  Both Fiat T.C. diesel configurations and the Cutlass indicated an

  overall upward shift- in solubles boiling range as compared to fuel


  boiling ranges.
                              8

-------
                 III.  VEHICLES, FUELS, AND TEST PROCEDURES





     This section describes the vehicles, fuels, test procedures and test



plan used in this project.  The facilities, general instrumentation, and



overall sampling system for unregulated emissions are also discussed.



A.   Test Vehicles



     Examples of engine types initially considered for testing included



gas turbines, Stirling cycle, turbocharged and naturally-aspirated diesel,



Rankine cycle, stratified charge, and advanced Otto-cycle.  Actual vehicle



availability during the program permitted only three'diesel-powered auto-



mobiles to be evaluated in this project.  The automobiles-included a pro-



totype naturally-aspirated Fiat, a prototype turbocharged Fiat,- and a



regular production 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass coupe as described in Table 1.



The Fiat diesels were obtained from the Department of Energy (DOE),



Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma,  after


                         (4)
various emissions studies    with the two cars were completed there.  A



local search for a rental 1981 Oldsmobile Delta 88 diesel car was not



successful, so with the Project Officer's approval, an available 1981



Oldsmobile Cutlass coupe with less than 4827 km (3000 mi) was rented.



The Oldsmobile was equipped with optional equipment consisting of automatic



transmission, air conditioning, power steering, and power brakes. Standard



rear axle ratio and tires were provided on the Cutlass.  Respective rear



axle ratios and tire sizes for the Fiats are listed in Table 1.  Views of



the three diesel test vehicles as evaluated on the dynamometer are shown



in Figure 5.

-------
                            TABLE 1.   DESCRIPTION  OF  DIESEL TEST VEHICLES
Vehicle Model
Model Year
Vehicle Identification No.
Engine Model No.
Chassis Dynamometer Setting ta
Inertia, kg (Ibs)
Power, kW (hp)
Engine Displacement £(in^)
Turbocharger
Cylinders
Combustion Chamber
Compression Ratio
Injection System
J Maximum Power kW (hp)
EGR
Catalytic Trap
Transmission
Axle Ratio
Tire Type
Tire Size
Initial Distance
on vehicle, km (mi)
Final Distance
on vehicle, km (mi)
Fiat 131 Naturally-Aspirated
Prototype
131AZ4275399
8140.61
1361 (3000)
8.2 (11.0)
2.4 (146)
No
In-Line 4
Prechamber
22
Bosch
52.2 (70) @ 4200 rpm
No
No
5-speed manual
3.2
steel-belted radial
165SR13
9879 (6140)
12501 (7769)
Fiat 131 Turbocharged
Prototype
131AZ4280788
8140.81
1361 (3000)
8.2 (11.0)
2.4 (146)
Yes
In-Line 4
Prechamber
22
Bosch
63.4 (85) @ 4000 rpm
No
No
5-speed manual
3.6
steel-belted radial
165SR13
7659 (4760)
9764 (6068)
Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme
1981
1G3AM47N5BR481685
181* (4000)
8.6 (11.5)
5.7 (350)
No
V-8
Prechamber
22.5
Roosa Master
78.3 (105) @ 3200 rpm
Yes
No
3-speed automatic
standard
steel-belted radial
P195/75R14
4233 (2631)
5081 (3158)
achassis dyanmometer settings selected on basis of settings used by the Department of Energy at
 Bartlesville, Oklahoma for the Fiats and by the EPA for certification of  1981  Oldsmobile Cutlass.
 Each Fiat was initially studied without exhaust aftertreatment, but was also tested with a catalytic
 trap-oxidizer provided by Johnson-Matthey.

-------
           Prototype Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
              Prototype Fiat Turbocharged Diesel
                1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel




Figure 5.  views of diesel vehicles as evaluated on dynamometer

-------
     Preparation of each test vehicle upon arrival at SwRI included draining




of its fuel tank and fuel filter, and refilling them with the baseline fuel




used in the program.  The crankcase oil was also changed to new Quaker




State SAE 30 SE/CC grade oil, and the oil filter was replaced with a new




filter.  Before actual testing was begun on each car, it was conditioned on




the dynamometer at alternating speeds of 48, 64, and 80 kph for approximately




80 km.




     The Fiats were initially studied without exhaust aftertreatment, and




subsequently with catalytic trap-oxidizers.  Installation of traps on the




Fiats and their evaluations are described in Section V of this report.




Apart from the traps used on the Fiats, no other modification to the exhaust




systems or engines was performed on the three test vehicles.  The injector




pump timings on the Fiats were left as last used at DOE; one degree ETC on




the naturally-aspirated Fiat, and three degrees after TDC on the turbocharged




Fiat at the manufacturer's specified pump lift.  At the Project Officer's




request, the injector timing on each Fiat with and without exhaust after-




treatment was not altered so as to not cloud or bias the emission results




between the two.different exhaust configurations.




     No significant operating difficulties were experienced with the three




test vehicles during this project.  Some initial periodic rough idling and




stalling after cold start on the turbocharged Fiat was .caused by a loose




retaining nut on the throttle linkage, which in turn allowed excessive play




in the idle adjustment.  The trouble ceased when the retaining nut was




retightened.  Also on the same vehicle with catalytic trap, the engine




abruptly lost power during the hot FTP cycle of the initial test sequence.
                                     12

-------
The difficulty was traced to a plugged fuel filter, and was subsequently




corrected by replacing the filter with an identical filter purchased




locally.  A total of two fuel filter changes were made on the T. C. Fiat




diesel during its study.




     Of the three test vehicles, only the Oldsraobile Cutlass required




more than the ordinary exhaust pipe adaptation to the dilution tunnel of




the CVS sampling system.  Since the Cutlass employed a dual exhaust system,




a special exhaust extension tube to route the car exhaust to the dilution




tunnel was manufactured.  The exhaust tube consisted of a 99 cm (39 in)




length of 5.1 cm (2 in) O.D. stainless tubing connected to each exhaust




pipe on the car.  The two lengths of 5.1 cm tubing were then welded in a




y-arrangement to a single 7.6 cm (3 in) O.D. stainless tube, which in turn




was connected to the dilution tunnel.  The entire extension tube assembly




•was slightly less than 366 cm (12 ft) long and therefore did not require




insulation.




B.   Test Fuels




     Several fuel options were initially presented to the Project Officer




for use as test fuels in this project.  For the primary fuel or base fuel,




a "National Average" No. 2 material similar to those used for other EPA




projects  '   and a 2D emissions test fuel were considered.  Several SwRI




fuels proposed for the second fuel of the study, either the same one for




all vehicles, or different fuels based on some reasonable criterion,




included the following:
                                    "13

-------
            SwRI Code No.      	Fuel Type	

              EM-395-F         "H320" clean straight run Mo. 1
              EM-401-F         JP-7 highly refined No. 1
              EM-242-F         premium quality No. 2
              EM-241-F         mimimum quality No. 2
              EM-390-F         shale-derived No. 2
It was originally planned to use a "wide boiler" as the second fuel for

this project, in all the vehicles which would burn it satisfactorily.

Once it became apparent that all the vehicles needed a higher-cetane

distillate to run well, however, other options were considered.  If it were

desired to look at a "best case" situation in addition to the No. 2 primary

fuel, one of the first three materials listed above was deemed appropriate.

The EM-241-F would provide a "worst case" comparison, and the results with

EM-390-F fuel could not be reliably anticipated.

     The two test fuels ultimately selected by the Project Officer for use

in characterizing the advanced powerplants are described in Table 2.  The

fuel coded EM-329-F, was designated to be the primary or base fuel, and

is a "National Average" No. 2 fuel supplied by this laboratory.  The

material was originally a Gulf No. 2 diesel whose sulfur content was

adjusted to 0.24 weight percent by addition of ditertiary butyl disulfide.

Twenty drums (55 gallons ea) of the Couch No. 2 fuel was received at SwRI

from EPA-RTP in early 1979 for particulate accumulation on an Olds diesel

(Contract 68-02-2703).  The Olds program did not materialize, so in late

1980, 18 drums of the Couch fuel were shipped back to RTF.  The remaining

two drums were coded EM-469-F, and were retained for use as the "second

fuel" in this project on recommendation of the Project Officer.  The Couch

fuel is basically a No. 2 home heating oil.
                                     14

-------
TABLE 2.  PROPERTIES OF TEST FUELS

Fuel Code
Description
Cetane Number
Cetane Index
Gravity, "API
Density, g/mJl
Cloud point, °C (°F)
Flash point, °C (°F)
Viscosity, cs
Gum, mg/100 mH
Total solids, mg/i
Metals in fuel, x-ray
Carbon, %
Hydrogen, %
Nitrogen, ppm
Sulfur, %
Aromatics , %
Clef ins , %
Saturates , %
DS6, IBP
°C, 5% point
(°F) 10% point
20% point
40% point
50% point
60% point
80% point
90% point
95% point
EP
EM-329-F
"Nat'l. Avg."
No. 2
50.1
52.1
37.5
0.837
-8 (18)
65 (149)
2.36
14.3
7.4
0
85.8
13.0
48
0.24
21.3
1.7
77.0
191 (377)
211 (412)
' 219 (427)
231 (448)
251 (484)

269 (517)
290 (554)
307 (585)
323 (613)
340 (644)
EM-469-F
Couch No. 2 Fuel
SwRI Analysis

48.1
35.2
0.849



12.9





0.18



172 (342)
206 (402)
219 (426)
231 (448)
252 (486)
262 (504)
272 (522)
297 (567) '
315 (599).
332 (629)
344 (651)
EPA 6/30
48.0
48.1
35.2
0'.849






84.60
14.81
<100a
0.30
39.1
.. 0.9
60.0
182 (360)

218 (424)


262 (504)


309 (588)

337 (638)
                15

-------
used ASTM D-1266, "lamp" method).




     On all emissions studies conducted during this project, each vehicle




was fueled directly out of a 18.9 t (5 gal) can through auxiliary fuel




lines installed in the vehicle.  At each fuel change, the vehicle fuel




filter was removed and purged with the test fuel.  Afterwards, the vehicle




was conditioned on the dynamometer for I" km (30 mi)  at alternating speeds




of 48 kph (30 mph), 64 kph (40 mph), and 80 kph (50 mph).  At the start of




the conditioning, the auxiliary fuel return line from the vehicle was




removed from the test fuel can and directed to fill  a separate waste-fuel




2000 mi container.  Upon filling the container,  the fuel return line was




reconnected to the test fuel can to continue the conditioning and sub-




sequent 23-minute FTP prep prior to testing.  In this manner, an effective




conditioning of the exhaust system ar.d proper flush of the engine fuel




filter and lines was assured each time a fuel was changed in a vehicle.




C.   Test Procedures and Equipment




     The regulated gaseous and particulate emissions tests conducted on the




vehicles were performed following the approcriate Federal Regulations




applicable to light-duty diesel vehicles    for 1981.  Sampling and




analyses of unregulated emissions were conducted according to procedures




discussed in a subsequent section of this report.






                                    16

-------
     1.   Dynamometer and CVS Sampling System




          A 50 hp Clayton ECE-50 passenger car dynamometer was used for all




emissions testing on this project.  The dynamometer has a direct-drive




variable inertia system for simulation of vehicle mass from 454 kg (1000 Ib)




to 4082 kg (9000 Ib)  in 57 kg (125 Ib)   increments.




          The constant  volume sampler (CVS) used for these studies was




Southwest Research Institute CVS Number 3.  A 460 mm (18 in) diameter by




5 m (16 ft)  long dilution tunnel was used in conjunction with the CVS,




which operated at a nominal flowrate of 12.9 m /min (455 cfm).  The




dilution tunnel used is shown schematically in Figure 6.  Additional dilution




of 3.5 m /min (124 cfm) needed to maintain the tunnel sampling zone temperature




below 125°F,  as stipulated by the 1981 FTP   , was provided by a 500x500 mm




(20x20 in.)filter sampling system as identified in Figure 6.  The large




filter system is ordinarily used to obtain  500x500  mm Pallflex partic'ilate




filters for various gravimetric and chemical analyses.   The large filter




system is attached at the downstream end of dilution tunnel and consists




of a positive-displacement blower with associated in-line  '500x500 mm




filter holder, temperature readouts and controls, and flow controls.  The




nominal flowrate (3.5 m /min) is held constant by temperature control using




a heat exchanger and by maintaining constant pressure drop across the blower.




All emission tests discussed in this report were run using the CVS and 500x




SCO mm filter sampling system in combination to provide a total nominal




flowrate of 16.4 m /min (579 cfm).




     2.   Regulated Gaseous Emissions




          Regulated emissions were collected and analyzed using procedures






                                     17

-------
   r
610mm
 (24In)
610mm
 (241 n)
          450mm
          (17.7Sn)
                 DBLUTBON AIR
              FILTER ENCLOSURE
          76mm (Sin) HAW
      EXHAUST TRANSFER TUBE
                     230mm (Sin)
                          ORIFICE
                                                                         TO CVS
                                                                         114mm
                                                                         (4-1/2in)DIA
                                                        700mm (27.Sln)
                                                  114mm
                                                  (4-1 /2in) DIA
                                                      FILTER HOLDER
                     Figure §.  Schematic diagram of exhaust dilution tunnel

-------
and equipment described in the Federal Register.      Hydrocarbon analysis of




the sample was continuous, using a heated flame ionization detector (HFID).




Electronic signal integration used with the HFID provided average dilute




hydrocarbon concentration for each run.  The gaseous sample was taken




directly from the diluted exhaust stream through a heated probe in the




dilution tunnel.  The bagged gaseous emissions, as obtained at the CVS,




were analyzed for CO, NO , and CO-.  Nondispersive infrared  (NDIR) analyzers




were used for determination of CO and C0_, and a chemiluminescence (CL)
                                        ft



analyzer was used for NO  evaluation.




     3.   Regulated Particulate Emissions




          A particulate sampling system, connected to the dilution tunnel




and meeting the basic design requirements of the Federal Register   ,  was




used to simultaneously collect particulate on various 47 mm filter types.




The sampling system employed the four sampling probes identified in Figure 6.




Along with the usual filter holders, pumps, rotometers,  temperature sensor,




and dry gas meters, the system also employed an electro-pneumatically-




controlled valve connected to one of the four probes.  This solenoid valve




enabled fast remote switching between two sets of paired primary test and




back-up test filters.  In this manner, the regulated particulate emissions




in the different cycles of a test sequence, were sampled easily and




separately, especially at the point of rapid transition between the cold




or hot 505 and the subsequent stabilized phase of the FTP.  The arrangement




of the switching-solenoid valve and 47 mm filter holders is shown in




Figure 7, View A.  View B, shows the temperature recorder, dry gas meter,




rotometer, and Magnehelic pressure gauges of the particulate sampling cart.






                                    19

-------
  A.  Switching solenoid valve with 47 mm filter holders
                                        ^••^^fc '•"•J^..*? "      •" •"£=?•'5$
                                        i, /  .a. -"• x&i'^ •  •    '"• ,v"'". ^

                                        Li-fczfe-1:    ^
                                        -JUi..^!-^?!^      fe'---  ••;
     .- « »,„•
a uifi^S'i^1'.
[V ^"jli-TJ^*^.^ ^,
                                         .r^cr-*'
                                 (,y^=-«3 wi-^f pjr-'Jv-1;"; .-i
                                  '^JKJTTWhr'ffe? i' /-1'*''
                                 ;, ---'••• "~ri'-1<;f!2>*"j^:
                                  -^s^-^^%     ,„.<«
                                  ^Ws^W^W-^-v   "XH --'  ""' '--.5^
                                  ,/2;.::u'-t"':,'j*4. e- ^  .. -.'7, ••':•$?£

                                  t^fe^Q-  .^SKl
              B.   Particulate sampling cart
Figure 7.  Views  of regulated particulate sampling systen

-------
          The commercially-available 47 mm Palllfex filters designated




type T20A60, used in the determination of regulated particulate emission




rates, are made of glass-fiber coated with fluorocarbon.   The filters were




weighed before and after use on a microbalance of one yg  sensitivity.




Before weighing, the filters were properly conditioned in a temperature-




and humidity-controlled chamber which also housed the microbalance.   The




controlled airflow, temperature, and humidity provided an absolute humidity




of 75±5 grains water per pound of dry air in the chamber.




     4.   Exhaust Sampling




          Exhaust sampling was conducted employing the system shown  sche-




matically in Figure 8.  The system was used in accordance with the guidelines




established in various EPA projects conducted at SwRI. The major difference




between this system and similar systems used in other projects is the




number of sampling probes and systems required to collect the unregulated




emissions samples.  This complexity is illustrated in several views  of the




system as shown in Figure 9.  View A of Figure S shows the overall sampling




system with a test vehicle as run on the dynamometer.  View B, Figure 9,




shows the arrangement of various sampling carts near the  dilution tunnel.




In View C of Figure 9, some of the wet chemistry sampling carts,  with im-




pingers in place, are shown.  The ThermoSorb/N trap used  for sampling




N-nitrosamines is shown connected to the outlet side of a 47 mm filter




holder in View D of Figure 9.




          This section had described the CVS and dilution tunnel system,




and has provided some insight into the overall sampling system assembly.




More details on each of the individual sampling systems for the unregulated





                                     21

-------
                         (Bags)
Exliaust
  M
  to
                     CO,  NOX,  CO2,
              Individual  Hydrocarbons  (IHC)
                           iti
  CVS
Constant
                                            AP
                                          Control
                                          Orifice

Sampler



                                 (47 mm Filters)

                                 Particulate Gravimetric
                                 Particulate C, H, and N
                                 Trace Elements
                                 Sulfate
                                 N-nitrosamines (ThermoSorb/N trap)
                                                                             Filtered
                                                                              Air In
                                                                                             PL
    (Impingers)
Aldehydes & Ketones
Phenols
Hydrogen Sulfide
Total Cyanide
Ammonia
     (Traps)
Organic Sulfides
Gaseous HC
                                           Pi
                                             Impactor
                                             Sizing
"~ Dilution Tunnel ^ C **• 	
' 	 460 mm (18") I.D. p f —
' || Continuous
|| HC Analyzer
t i r\\~\ ^1-R
OrificeX
Mixing Plate
\
\

—Amines
                                                               Exhaust
                                                                from
                                                             Test Vehicle
                                                    (500x500 mm
                                                      filters)

                                                    Percent
                                                    Organic
                                                    Solubles
                                        Ames Bioassay
                                        Benzo(a)pyrene
                                        Polarity Profile
                                        G.C. Boiling Point
                                        C, H, and N
                                  Figure 8.   Emissions  sampling system

-------
                               tip

                       	.^,#|pp$gg


                        ** '  *-*->' ^' -'vV* ' '  ' ^t*" ^i^^'

                         •|p«^^»
                           "*   ^"^,.4^-^
                                fc>:&1
                                ^>,-.:-! '
yi.'/'-f.'^p''1' ''.:;:•;; i^f'«v&i

^yH^:^:^^
Ibat^^ft,
;, *•&: -:'•:•', :^i.i^'. :.:(-,.•>. ..ViJi'.-.'^

^.5-^f • psi^'ft^

Mlfei^M^^'^
             A. Overall Sampling System
B.  Arrangement of Sanqpling Carts to Dillution Tunnel
N]

CJ


            C. Wet Chemistry Sampling Carts                  D. ThermoSorb/N Trap for N-nitrosamines




                       Figure 9.  Views of the emissions sampling system

-------
emissions are given in Secfci a IV of this final report.
     5.   Emissions Test Procedures
          Tho emissions test procedures utilized in this project are defined
as follows:
          FTP - 1981 Federal Test Procedure    (uses the Urban Dynamometer
                Driving Schedule).
          HFET - Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule.
                                     (3)
                                                       (2)
          NYCC - New York City Cycle.
          85 kph Cruise - 85 kph Steady-State (the test cycle is of 20
                          minutes duration, and begins immediately after
                          Stable 85 kph speed is reached).
          The HFET and NYCC are hot-start, single-segment driving cycles.
The FTP, however, involves cold-start and hot-start, multi-cycle with
multi-segment operation.  The FTP, HFET, and NYCC schedules are illustrated
in Figure 10.  A summary of the driving schedule parameters  is presented in
Table 3.    In addition, in this project,a four-bag FTP was utilized for

              TABLE 3.  SUMMARY OF DRIVING SCHEDULE PARAMETERS
Driving Schedule
FTP:
505
867
UDDS
HFET
NYCC
85 kph
Duration,
Seconds
505
867
1372
765
599
1200
Distance,
Kilometers
5.8
6.2
12.0
16.5
1.91
28.3
Average Soeed
km/hr
41.3
25.8
31.4
77.6
11.5
85.0
mph
25.7
16.2
19.5
48.2
7.1
52.8
                                    24

-------
  100




   80




   £0



   40



   20
    Ol   0
                    200
                                400
                                          600        800

                                              TIME, sec
                                                                1000
                                                                           1200
                                                                                     1371
  100



   80



   60



   40



   20




    0
      60
                                                     765
s.
\
E
100



 80




 60



 40




 20



  0
       60
       40
       20
                   NYCC
                   200         400

                      TIME,  sec
                                          600
          Figure 10.  FTP, HFET and HYCC driving cycles vs  tipe  traces



                                           25

-------
the unregulated emissions,- rather than the three-bag FTP specified in the

Federal Test Procedure. Therefore, before proceeding, it is important to

clarify the meaning of FTP as used in this program:

     FTP - The FTP uses the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS)

     which is 1372 seconds in duration.   The UDDS,  in turn, is divided

     into two segments; the first having 505 seconds and the second

     having 867 seconds.  The FTP consists of a cold-start 505 and a

     stabilized 867, followed by a ten-minute soak  and than a hot-start

     505.  In this project, the hot-start 505 was followed by another 867

     segment.  Sampling of the regulated and unregulated emissions during

     the 4-cycle or 4-bag FTP was as follows:

Duration, seconds
Regulated Emissions, 3-bag
Regulated Emissions, 4-bag
Unregulated Emissions:
Individual Hydrocarbons
Impingers (except Amines)
47 mm filters:
dulfate
C,H,fiN
• trace elements
500 x 500 mm filters
N-nitrosamines (trap)
Gaseous Hydrocarbons (trap)-
Organic Sulfides (trap)
Particulate Impactor Sizing
Four-Cycle
Cold UDDS
505 867
xa x
X X-
X X
*f

X___
X__


FTP
Hot UDDS
505 867
X X
X X
X X
	 X 	


	 X 	

	 X 	

        .X designates an individual sample taken
         Same trap used for 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and'85 kph test sequences
                                            26

-------
A composite value in mass per distance for the three-cycle, three-sample

FTP regulated emissions is calculated using the following formula:

  MASS      _ 0.43 * (MASS 1 + MASS 2) + 0.57 x (MASS 3 + MASS 2)
  DISTANCE    0.43 x (DIST. 1 + DIST. 2) + 0.57 x  (DIST. 3 + DIST. 2)

Assuming Distance 3 is equal to Distance 1, this equation can be reduced to:


  3-FTP M/D = °'43 x (Ml + M2) + 0.57 x (M3 + M2)
   ~                        Dl + D2

For the four-cycle FTP, two sample, composite values determined in this

project, the following formula was used:

  MASS      _ 0.43 x M(l + 2) + 0.57 x M(3 + 4)
  DISTANCE    0.43 x (Dl + D2) + 0.57 x (D3 + D4)

Assuming Distance 3 is equal to Distance 1 and Distance 4 is equal to

Distance 2, then this equation can be reduced to:
  4-FTP M/D = °'43 x "(1 + 2) + 0-57 x M(3 + 4)
                           Dl + D2

Therefore, with the assumption that the changes in distance traveled are

negligible, the composite results with the four-cycle FTP relative to

results with the three-cycle FTP will differ only as the mass emissions

emitted during Cycle 4 differ from that emitted during Cycle 2.

     For single 4-bag FTP sampling obtained in this study, a composite

value  (not weighted) was obtained using the following formula:

  „ .    _ _ _     .      Total Mass _  _
  4-bag FTP Composite = - ; - : - r~~: -
                        Total Distance Driven
                                     27

-------
     6.   Test Coding System

          The test coding system generally used in this project is described

in Table 4.


                        TABLE 4.  TEST CODING SYSTEM

Order:  VCFTSE *

Codes

  V:   Vehicle Number; 1 - Naturally-Aspirated Fiat, 2 » 1981 Oldsmobile
       Cutlass, 3 = Turbocharged Fiat

  C:   Vehicle Configuration; A - without exhaust aftertreatment, B = with
       catalytic trap-oxidizer

  F:   Fuel; 1 = EM-329-F, 2 - EM-469-F

  T:   Test Type; F => FTP, H - HFET,  N = NYCC, S = 85 kph steady-state
       V = Cold 505 smoke test, R =» Trap Regeneration

 SB:  Sequential Test No.

*Shorthand version initially used only with Fiat N.A. diesel and fuel
 EM-329-F was VC329T, where V = vehicle number, C = vehicle configuration,
 329 - fuel EM-329-F, and T =• test type.


D.   Test Plan

     The intent of the test plan was to evaluate as many emissions as

possible during vehicle operation, allowing a significant amount of

information to be collected with minimum repetitive testing.  Consequently,

in this project, five diesel vehicle (engine) configurations and two test

fuels were run in the test plan.  The vehicles employed in this study were

earlier identified in Section III, A of this report.and included a prototype

naturally-aspirated Fiat with and without catalytic trap., a prototype turbo-

charged Fiat with and without catalytic trap, and a 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass.

The two fuels selected were coded EM-329-F and EM-469-F as discussed earlier.

                                     28

-------
     The basic test sequences and emission measurements to be conducted on




each vehicle configuration-fuel combination are summarized in Table 5.




Not included in Table 5 were the various tests conducted to collect




additional 500 x 500 particulate filters and to regenerate one of the




catalytic traps used in this program as described under Section V., A of




this report.  Most emissions in Table 5 were sampled during a test sequence




composed of a 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph steady-state cycle.  -Soak'




periods consisted of ten minutes between cold and hot 23-minute FTP'S,




and generally twenty minutes after the 4-bag FTP  and  each of  the  subsequent




test schedules.  The twenty-minute soak periods permitted the many impinger




and filter changes, as well as sampling equipment preparation required




between the different test scnedules.  Individual sampl. inn dr. regulated



and unregulated emissions during the 4-bag FTP was carried out as described




in Section III, C. 5.  All emissions were obtained from CVS diluted exhaust,




except for organic amines and visible smoke obtained from raw exhaust.




     Although a reasonable effort was made to test each vehicle confi-




guration and fuel per the test plan outlined in Table 5, some circumstances




prevented complete- adherence to it.  Various repeat tests were run to replace




erroneous data or to supply missing information.  The previously-mentioned




trap regeneration tests also required expansion of the project effort.




In particular, many repeat tests that could not be fully anticipated .in




the test plan were run, to collect sufficient particulate sample amounts




when these emissions were significantly reduced in.the vehicle employing




catalytic traps.  Consequently,  only some of the  material-  and labor-intensive analyses
                                    29

-------
TABLE 5.  TEST SEQUENCES AND EMISSION MEASUREMENTS TO BE CONDUCTED
             ON EACH VEHICLE CONFIGURATION AND FUEL
Exhaust Constituents
Measured or Characterized

Regulated gaseous, particulate,
and fuel economy
Unregulated gaseous
individual hydrocarbons
aldehydes
phenols
hydrogen sulfide
total cyanide
ammonia
organic sul fides
organic amines
nitrosamines
hydrocarbons (trap)
Unregulated particulate
mass
size distribution
trace elements
CHN
sul fate
Particulate Organic
Solubles (mass)
BaP
boiling point
CHN
Ames
polarity profile
Visible Smoke,
PHS meter
Test Sequences
FTP, cold & hot
1

J

/
/
/
/
/
/
/

/
J

/
/
/
/
/

/
/
/
/
/
/


2

J

/
/
/



/




/

/
/


/







3

^












/





/







HFET
1

^

/
/
/
/


/

j


/

/
/
^

/
/
/
/
/
/


2

•^


/
/



/




/

/
/


/







NYCC
1

^

/
/
/
/


/

/
^

/

/
/
^

/
/
/
/
/
•/


2

^


/
/



/




/

/
/


/








85 kph
1

^

/
/
/




/
/
J

/

/
/
^

/
/
/
/
/
J


2

•^


/
^
1







'

/
/


/








Cold
505



























/
                              30

-------
 deemed more  significant were  selected  tor  implementation in order to remain

 within the effort  allocated to  the project.  Even so, t.he total number of tests

 completed in the program was  very extensive, requiring  a total of 36 test

 sequences consisting of a  4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph cycle each.

 Other supplementary tests  run were as  follows:

                     Number of
                   Tests Conducted           Test Type	

                       10                4-bag FTP
                       30                hot 23-minute FTP
                       17                HFET
                       39                NYCC
                       25                85 kph
                       17                Cold 505
                    various              Trap Regeneration


      The majority  of the emissions samples generated in th'j project were

 analyzed in  the Emissions  Laboratory at  SwRI.  Other laboratories .assisting

 in the analyses of the remaining samples are identified in a subsequent

 section  (IV,  A.) of this report.  During the initial portion of the program,

 the Project  Officer directed  that extraction of the 500 x 500 mm filters

 and subsequent Ames and BaP analysis be  conducted at this laboratory,

 rather than  at EPA under the  in-house  measurements program as originally

 provided for in the contract.  To accommodate the unexpected effort, careful

 changes were made  to the test plan as  reflected in the  corresponding

 reduction of effort on the catalyst-equipped Fiat prototype cars.  For

 the same reason, only screening tests  for  nitrosamines, total cyanide,

amines,  hydrogen sulfide,  ammonia,  and sulfate evaluations  were  included

 in the formally approved test plan of  Table 5.


                                     3)

-------
              IV.  ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS

       The analytical procedures used to measure the unregulated emissions
are summarized in this section.  A detailed description of the individual hydro-
carbons, aldehydes, phenols, hydrogen sulfide, total cyanide, ammonia, organic
sulfides, ...jenes, and sulfate procedures along with a~discussion of their develop-
ment, validation and qualification is available in the Interim Report, "Analytical
Procedures for Characterizing Unregulated Emissions from Vehicles Using
                         (8)
Middle-Distillate Fuels."     The procedures were developed in our laboratory,
during an earlier phase of this project.
A.     Description of the Analytical Procedures
       The unregulated emissions evaluated in this project, along with the
methods of sampling and the procedures used in the analyses, are listed in
Table 6.  Individual hydrocarbons, aldehydes, phenols, organic sulfides,
organic amines^ N-nitrosamines, and trace elements are categories consisting
of groups of compounds or elements.  The corresponding procedures separate
and identify a number of individual compounds within each of the groups.
The analytical procedures involved in this project are described briefly
as follows:
       1.   Individual Hydrocarbons
            For measurement of the individual hydrocarbons, methane (CH.),
ethane (C,H ), ethylene (C^) / acetylene (C^), propane  (C-jHg), propylene
(C H,.), benzene (C-H.) , and toluene (C H }, a sample of CVS-diluted exhaust
  36             60                 ' o
is collected in a Tedlar bag.  This bagged sample is then analyzed for
individual hydrocarbons using a gas chromatograph system containing four
                                      32

-------
                TABLE 6.   SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR UNREGULATED EMISSIONS
Exhaust Emissions
Sampled
gases











particulate





particulate
organic
solubles




smoke
Const! tuent(s)
Analyzed
individual hydrocarbons
aldehydes
phenols
hydrogen sulfide

total cyanide

ammonia
organic sulfides
organic amines
N-nitrosamines
gaseous hydrocarbons
size distribution
trace elements
carbon, hydrogen, and
nitrogen
sulfate

organic solubles
benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)
boiling point
carbon and hydrogen
nitrogen
biological response
polarity profile
smoke (visible)

Sampling Method
sample bag (CVS)
impinger
impinger
impinger

impinger

impinger
trap
impinger
ThermoSorb/N trap
trap
in.pac tor- filter
filter, 47mm Fluoropore

filter, 47rran Glass
filter, 47mm Fluoropore

500x500, mm filter
	
	
	
	
	
	
optical

Analysis Method
injection, GC/FID
DNPH, GC/FID
extraction, GC/FID
methylene blue derivative,
spectrophotometer
cyanogen chloride derivative,
GC/ECD
ion chromatograph
injection, GC/FPD
GC/NPD with ascarite pre-column
GC coupled to TEA analyzer*
extraction, GC/FID
gravimetric
x-ray fluorescence

combustion/TC analyzer
barium chloranilate derivative
(BCA) , HPLC/UV
soxhlet extraction, gravimetric
HPLC/fluorescence detection
GC/FID
combustion/TC analyzer
oxidation pyroplsis/chemiluminscence
Ames bioassay
HPLC/fluorescence and UV detection
EPA smokemeter (continuous)
*If interferences occurred with GC/TEA analysis,  a further analysis using  HPLC/TEA was  required.

-------
separate columns, and a flame ionization detector.  The peak areas are compared




to an external calibration blend, and the individual hydrocarbon concentrations




are obtained using a Hewlett-Packard 3354 computer system.




       2.   Aldehydes and Ketones




            The collection of aldehydes (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isobutyr-




aldehyde, hexanaldehyde, crotonaldehyde, and benzaldehyde) and ketones (acetone




and methylethylketone) is accomplished by bubbling CVS diluted exhaust through




glass impingers containing 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) in dilute




hydrochloric acid.  The aldehydes and ketones (also known as carbonyl com-




pounds) react with the DNPH to form their respective phenylhydrazone deri-




vatives.  These derivatives are insoluble or only slightly soluble in the




DNPH/HC1 solution, and are removed by filtration followed by pentar,•„ extractions.




The filtered precipitate and the pentane extracts are combined, and then the




pentane is evaporated in a vacuum oven.  The remaining dried .extract contains




the phenylhydrazone derivatives.  The extract is dissolved in a quantitative"




volume of toluene, which contains a known amount of anthracene as an internal




standard.  A portion of this dissolved extract is injected into a gas chroma-




tograph and analyzed using a flame ionization detector.




       3.   Phenols




            The collection of phenols  (phenol; galicylaldehyde; m-cresol/p-cresol;




p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol;




2,3,5-trimethylphenol; and 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol) is accomplished by




bubbling CVS-diluted exhaust through two Greenburg-Smith impingers in series,




each containing 200 m& of 1 N KOH chilled in an ice bath.  The contents of




each impinger are acifidied and extracted with ethyl ether.  The samples are






                                       34

-------
partially concentrated, combined, and then further concentrated to 1 mH.  An




internal standard is added, and the volume is adjusted to 2 m£.  The final




sample is analyzed wioh a gas chroraatograph (GC) equipped with a flame




ionization detector.  Concentrations of individual phenols are determined by




comparison to external and internal standards.




       4.   Hydrogen Sulfide




            The collection of hydrogen sulfide is accomplished by bubbling




CVS-diluted exhaust through glass impingers containing a buffered zinc




acetate solution, which traps the sulfide ion as zinc sulfide.   The  absorbing




solution is then treated with N,N-dimethyl-paraphenylene diamine sulfate




and ferric ammonium sulfate.  Cyclization occurs, forming the highly-colored




heterocyclic compound methylene blue (3,9-bisdimethylaninophenazothionium




sulfate).  The resulting solution is analyzed with a spectrophotometer at




667 mm in a 1-cm or 4-cm pathlength cell, depending upon the concentration.




       5.   Total Cyanide  (Hydrogen Cyanide plus Cyanogen)




            The collection of total cyanide is accomplished by bubbling




CVS-diluted exhaust through glass impingers containing a 1.0 N potassium




hydroxide absorbing solution.  This solution is maintained at ice bath




temperature.  An aliquot of the absorbing reagent is then treated with KH_PO.




and Chloramine-T.  A portion of the resulting cyanogen chloride is injected




into a gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector  (ECD).




External CN~ standards are used to quantify the results.




       6.   Ammonia




            The' collection of ammonia is accomplished by bubbling CVS-diluted




exhaust through ircpingers containing dilute sulfuric acid at ice bath tem-






                                      35

-------
perature.  A sample from the impinger is then analyzed for ammonium ion (NH+)



using an ion chromatograph, and the concentration in the exhaust is calculated



by comparison to an ammonium sulfate standard solution.



       7.   Organic Sulfides



            The collection of the organic sulfides, carbonyl sulfide (COS),



methyl sulfide ((CH ) S), ethyl sulfide «C H )  S),  and methyl disulfide
                   J fc                     fc O Ib


((CHjJ.Sj) is accomplished by passing CVS-diluted exhaust through Tenax GC



traps at -76°C.  At this temperature, the traps  remove the organic sulfides



from the dilute exhaust.  The organic sulfides are thermally desorbed from



the traps into a gas chromatograph sampling system,  and injected into a gas



chromatograph equipped with a flame photometric  detector for analysis.



External organic sulfide standards generated from permeation tubes are used



to quantify the results.



       8.   Organic Amines



            The collection of organic amines (monomethylamine, monoethylamine



and dimethylamine, trimethylamine, diethylamine, and triethylamine) is



accomplished by bubbling CVS-diluted exhaust through glass impingers con-



taining dilute sulfuric acid.  The amines are complexed. by the acid to form



stable sulfate salts, which remain in solution.  A portion of this solution is



then injected into a gas chromatograph equipped with an ascarite loaded pre-



column and a nitrogen phosphorus detector (NPD).  External amine standards in



dilute sulfuric acid are used to quantify the results.  On this project, the



organic amines procedure was modified only as necessary to sample amines



from raw exhaust instead of dilute exhaust.
                                      36

-------
     9.   N-nitrosamines


          The collection of ti-nitrosamines, N-nitrosodimethylamine  (NDMA),


N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosodipropylamine  (NDPA), N-nitroaodi-


butylamine (NDBA), N-nitrosopiperidine  (NPIP), N-nitrosopyrrolidine  (NPYR),


and N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) is accomplished by passing CVS-diluted


exhaust through a ThermoSorb/N trap designed by the Thermo Electron


Corporation especially for trappingH-tiitros amines.  The ThermoSorb/N trap


air sampler cartridge has been reported in the literature to be free of


artifact formation and capable of retaining 100 percent of preloaded

              (9)
nitrosamines.


          An 83 mm ( 3 1/4 in) length of 3.2 .mm (1/8 in)  I.D. x 6.4-iran


(1/4 in) O.D. Teflon tube was fitted to the ThermoSorb/N trap inlet.  The


Teflon tube was then inserted into a thermocouple connector commonly joined


to the exit  side of a 47 mm filter holder containing a Pallflex filter.


In this manner, only a snail portion of the total exhaust flowing through


the filter was diverted through the trap.  The filter holder was attached


to one of the four 47 mm filter sample probes used in conjunction with the


dilution tunnel as described in Section III. C. 3., and as illustrated in


Figure 3, View A of this report.  An actual ThermoSorb/N trap as adapted  to


the filter holder was illustrated in View D of Figure 9.   The outlet side


of the ThermoSorb/N trap was connected to a pump, rotometer with flow control


valve, and a dry gas meter to cbtain the proper sampling rates of 2 £/min.


          For analysis,  the sealed traps were sent to the Thermo Electro'n


Corporation in Waltham,  Massachusetts.  Each trap was then eluted with


25:75 percent methanolidichloromethane organic solvent to provie a 1.8 m&



                                     37

-------
sample.  For optimum sensitivity, the sample was primarily analyzed using




a Hewlett-Packard HP5710A gas chromatograph coupled to a Model 543 TEA




analyzer.  If sample interferences were noted in GC-TEA analysis, the sample




was further analyzed using an Alltech 110 HPLC coupled to a Model 502 TEA




analyzer.




     10.  Gaseous Hydrocarbons




          For use in boiling range analysis, gaseous hydrocarbons were




collected from filtered, dilute exhaust using the sampling system of an




earlier EPA Project.     A schematic of the sampling system which, is also




generally employed in diesel odor analysis  (DOAS)     is shown in Figure 11.




A multi-opening stainless steel probe directs the CVS-diluted exhaust to




the oven, where it passes through a fiber glass filter, then into a metal




bellows pump which directs the exhaust into a collection trap.  The trap




is a 51 mm (2 in) x 9.5 mm (3/8 in) O.D. stainless steel tube fitted with




a connector on each end.  Approximately one gram of Chroraosorb 102 is




packed into the trap and retained by stainless steel frits on each end.




The dessicant removes moisture prior to the rotometer and dry gas meter.




The flowrate employed in the system was 6 £/min.




          After use, the collection trap was eluted sufficiently with




cyclohexane t<-> obtain a 2 mJl sample.  Each eluted sample was submitted to




the U. S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory of the Fjiergy




Systems Research Division at SwRI, and analyzed qualitatively by gas




chromatograph for boiling range and for paraffin peaks.  The chromatograph




procedure was run according to ASTM D2887-73, which simulates distillation




to 538°C (1000 °F) at atmospheric pressure.  The equipment used for this
                                    38

-------
         PROBE
             LEAK CHECK VALVE
                 THERMOCOUPLE
                               OVEN
                               T  = 190°c
        HEATED
        SAMPLE
         LINE (190'C)
           CHROMOSORB 102
           TRAP,  MAXIMUM
             T  = 38°C
                                  DESSICANT
DILUTE
EXHAUST
 FLOW
       Figure 11.  Schematic diagram of gasec-js HC sampling system
                     (for boiling range analysis).
                               39

-------
gas chromatograph analysis was .a Hewlett-Packard  5700 Series  unit, equipped

with dual hydrogen flame ionization detectors.  Its column was 1.8 m (6 ft)

long by 3.2 mm  (1/8 in) diameter stainless steel, packed with 5 percent

SE-30 on 80/100 mesh Chromosorb-G.  It was programmed from 0°C to 390°C at

16*C per minute.  Data processing was performed on a Hewlett-Packard 3350

Laboratory Automated System.

     11.  Particle Sizing

          Particle sizing was accomplished using a Sierra Series 220 radial-

slot impactor.  The impactor system contained stainless steel stages on

which. particulatR matter was fractionated by size,-and a final Pallflex

backup filter.  The impactor was located at the downstream end of the

dilution tunnel.  Figure 12 shows the impactor system protruding on the left

side of the tunnel. Figure 13 shows the impactor system disassembled with

the stages, plates, and filter removed from their holder for clarity.  In

Operation, each stage was placed on a plate such that the slots in each

stage decreased in width from sample entrance down to the filter.  Each

stage was rotated 45 degrees so the particular matter passing through

the slots impacted on a solid portion of the following stage.  Particle

retention characteristics were related to the slot size and flowrate through

the impactor.  The flowrate was controlled using a metal bellows vacuum

pump, pressure guage, and flowmeter.  The flowrate was selected to achieve.

a particle sizing range from 6,9 to 0.09 microns effective cut-off

diameter  (BCD).  The fluorocarbon-coated glas's fiber filter, used as a

back-up filter, collected particulate smaller than O.Oy microns ECD.

The mass of particulate matter collected on sample filters and impactor

discs was determined using the microbaldnce -housed in. a controlled-

humidity chamber, as described in Section III. C.  3.
                                    40

-------
                                            -T?JSrK7&K%
     [fi&jgtf?* ^'.".r . .
     -  -^^
                                 "'-{              I
                                                  &S8
  Figure 12. Installation of particle sizing
          impactor in dilution tunnel.

 ^^sfeaki^^^,^2i^1;i^i4i£;il^^^
Ficfure 13.  Particle'sizing impactor disassembled.
                      41

-------
     12.  Trace Elements




          The trace elements (metals and sulfur) were collected as part




of the particulate on 47 mm Pluoropore filters.  The CVS-diluted exhaust




samples were taken from the dilution tunnel.  Weight gain on the filter




was determined by weighing the filter on a microbalance before and after




sampling.  The filter samples were sent to EPA-Research Triangle Park




 (RTP) for analyses by x-ray fluorescence, using a Siemens MRS-3 x-ray




spectrometer.




     13.  Particulate, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen




          Particulate was collected on 47 mm Type A (Gelman) glass-fiber




filter for the purpose of determining the carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen




weight percentages.  The CVS-diluted exhaust samples were obtained from




the dilution tunnel.  Weight gain on the filter was determined by weighing




it on a microbalance before and after sampling.  The required analysis on




the particulate samples was performed by Galbraith Laboratories, using a




Perkin-Elmer Model 240B automated thermal conductivity CHN analyzer.  In




order to accommodate the particulate sample on a filter, the filter had to




be folded or rolled over itself.  As the temperature was increased, the




glass fiber media collapsed on itself, sometimes locking in some of the




particulate.  For this reason, significant inaccuracies can occur, but




may be moderated by increased filter particulate loadings (Galbraith




recommends at least 2 mg particulate loading on each filter to improve




precision of analysis).  To circumvent this difficulty, Spang Laboratories




was initially considered for analysis of CHN in particulate.  Spang




required a particulate filter sample no larger than 15 mm in diameter.






                                    42

-------
Cutting or punching out the 15 nun filter discs from regular 47 nun filters




introduced errors in the determination of part-.iculate loading.  These errors




were believed to be as much or greater than those experienced with CHN




analysis at Galbraith using 47 mm filters.




     14.  Sulfate




          Automotive exhaust is routed into a dilution tunnel, where it is




mixed with a flowing stream of filtered room air.  In the tunnel, the 8.03




reacts rapidly with water in the exhaust to form sulfuric acid aerosols.




The aerosols grow to a filterable size range within the tunnel, and are




collected on a fluorocarbon membrane filter.  Particulate sulfate salts




are also collected on the filter.




          Sulfuric acid collected on the filter is then converted to ammonium




sulfate by exposure to ammonia vapor.  The soluble sulfates are leached




from the filter with a measured volume of an isopropyl alcohol'- water




solution (60% IPA).  A fixed volume of the sample extract is injected into




a high pressure liquid chromatograph (HPLC) and pumped through a column of




strong cation exchange resin in Ag+ form to scrub out the halides (Cl~, Br~),




and then through a column of strong cation exchange resin in H+ form to




scrub out the cations and convert the sulfate to sulfuric acid.  Passage




through a reactor column of barium chloranilate crystals precipitates out




barium sulfate/ and releases the highly UV absorbing .chloranilate ions.




The amount of chloranilate ion released is proportional to.the sulfate in




the sample, and is measured by a sensitive liquid chromatograph UV detector




at 3"0-313 nanometers.  All the reactions and measurement take plact in a




flowing stream of 60% IPA.  The scrubber and reactor columns also function





                                    43

-------
 as efficient filter media for any solid reaction products formed during




 passage of the sample through the column system.




      15.  Organic Solubles




           The soluble fraction of particulate was obtained by solvent




 extraction from '500x500 mm  Pallflex filters.  Particulate on the large




 filter was collected from CVS-diluted exhaust using the  500x500 mm  filter




 sampling system described in Section XII.  C.  1.  of this report.   The  500x500 mm




 filters were weighed before and after test to determine the weight of




 particulate matter collected.  Each filter was extracted using methylene




 chloride in a Soxhlet apparatus (at times a large Soxhlet apparatus




 capable of holding up to sixteen filters was used to save time,  effort,




 and materials in extracting filters combined from identical test schedules).




 Capacities of the regular and large Soxhlets were 400 mSL and 3.8 £,




 respectively.  Solvent recycling periods were 15 minutes for eight hours




 with the regular Soxhlet and one hour for 48 hours with the large Soxhlet.




 The solvent volume was reduced under vacuum.   The remaining solvent/solubles were




 transferred to a preweighed container, and the solvent was evaporated




 by nitrogen purging.  The total mass of solubles was determined gravi-




 metrically, and the percent of solubles in the particulate matter calculated.




 If needed, a weighed  organic soluble sample was again redissolved in methylene




 chloride for splitting into separate samples.  These samples were transferred




 into preweighed vials and dried for use in boiling point, CHN, Amas,  and




polarity profile analyses discussed subsequently in this section.




      16.  Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)




           Separate  500x500 mm  particulate filters were employed in this






                                     44

-------
program for benzo(a)pyrene analysis.  In this case, the particulate was




also collected from CVS-diluted exhaust using the same 1500x500 mm filter




sampling system previously discussed.  Using a procedures developed at General




Motors    , the BaP is removed from the particulate by Soxhlet extraction




with benzene/ethanol.  The benzene/ethanol extract is re-extracted in hexane/




methylene chloride.  The solvent is then evaporated and the sample is re-




dissolved in acetonitrile for analysis.  BaP is analyzed with an HPLC




system coupled to a fluorescence detector.  The instrument used was a




Perkin-Elmer 3B liquid chromatograph equipped with an MPF-44 fluorescence




spectrophotoraeter.  Excitation was at a wavelength of 383 nm, and emission




was read at 430 nm.




     17.  Solubles Boiling Range and Individual N-Paraffin Analysis




          Organic solubles extracted with methylene chloride from 500x500 mm




particulate filters were subjected to analysis for boiling point range by




FID gas chromatograph.  The analysis was conducted by the U.S. Army Fuels




and Lubricants Research Laboratory of the Energy Systems Research Division




at SwRI.  The aas chromatograph procedure used was a high-temperature




variation on ASTM D2887-73 previously used on various SwRI projects  '




for EPA.  The procedure provides a simulated distillation up to 600°C.




Each aliquot was dissolved in methylene chloride, and an internal standard




(Cg through C-- paraffin composite) was added for quantitative results.




The gas chromatograph used was a custom-built u_iit, equipped with dual




hydrogen flame ionization detectors.  Its column was 1.8 m ( 6 ft) long by




3.2 mm (1/8 in) diameter stainless steel, packed with 10 percent Dexsil 300




on 45/60 Oiromosorb P, AW.  It was programmed from 0° to 450°C at 15°C per
                                     45

-------
minute after 2 minutes isothermal at 0°C.  Data processing was performed




on a Hewlett-Packard 3354 Laboratory Automated System.




     18.  Organic Solubles  Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen




          Aliquots of the dried, weighed methylene chloride soluble extract




were submitted to Galbraith Laboratories and analyzed for carbon and hydrogen




by the technique and instrumentation described in Section IV.A.13. (Perkin-




Elmer 240B).  Respective aliquots of the same samples were submitted to the




U.S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory of the Energy Systems




Research Division at SwRI for nitrogen analysis by oxidative pyrolysis




and chemiluminescence.




     19.  Ames Bioassay




          The Ames bioassay tests on organic solubles extracted from




500x500 mm Pallflex particulate filters using methylene chloride were




conducted at the Southwest Foundation for Research and Education (SFRE),




a sister organization of SwRI.




          The Ames test as employed in this program refers to a bacterial




mutagenesis plate assay with Salmonella typhimurium according to the method




of Ames.      This bioassay determines the ability of chemical compounds




or mixtures to cause mutation of DNA in the bacteria, positive results




occurring when histidine-dependent strains of bacteria revert  (or are




mutated) genetically to forms which can synthesize histidine on their own.




The observable positive indication of mutation is the growth of bacterial




colonies on plates of nutrient media containing minimal histidine, with




the number of revertants per amount of substance tested (or "specified




activity") being the quantitative .result.  The observable negative indi-




cation is the lack of such growth.  A third result occurs when the substance




tested is toxic to the bacteria, but this result can not be interpreted in



                                    46

-------
terms of mutagenesis.









          SFRE used the Ames test procedure in detail, incorporating all




recommended modifications since the original description.   As provided




for in the procedure, the tester strains were checked at recommended inter-




vals for maintenance of stability and validity.  Each selected extract was




solvent  exchanged with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO),  a standard solvent com-




patible with the microorganisms.  A solvent control run with each batch




of test samples consisted of a blank filter extract treated in a manner




similar to a test sample including solvent exchange with DMSO.  The sample




to be tested was diluted in DMSO to provide several different doses for




each assay.  Each does was assayed in triplicate with each of four tester




strains selected in consultation with the Project Officer to be used in this




program with respective test schedules as follows:




     FTP extracts - Tester strains TA1535, TA1537,  TA1538, TA98, all run




                    with and without S-9 activation, except for TA1537




                    run without S-9 only.




     HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph extracts - each run using tester strain TA98




                                       without S-9|




     The Aroclor-induced rat liver S-9 used for tester strain activation was




checked to insure that enzyme activity was within the desired range, and




was used within three months of preparation.   Positive controls consisted




of:  sodium azide for TA1535 (0.5 micrograms  per plate), 2-nitrofluorene




for TA1538 and TA98 (5 micrograms per plate), and 9-aminoacridine for TA1537




(50 micrograms per plate).  In the presence of the  metabolic activation






                                    47

-------
activation system, 2-aminoanthracine (3 micrograms per plate)  was used as




positive control with all tester strains.




          Several range-finding studies were conducted at SFRE with repre-




sentative extracts obtained in this program.  The range-finding studies




are necessary to determine an appropriate range of concentrations to be




used in definitive assays.  An optimum range of concentrations to be




used in obtaining dost-response information would include at least one.dose




level of the test material which is toxic to the tester organisms, and a




range of concentrations sufficient to yield at least four points in the




linear portion of the dose-response curve.  On the basis of the range-




finding studies, concentrations of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000




micrograms per plate were selected for use with all samples.  Each sample




was assayed twice in triplicate at each of the preceding concentrations,




with or without S-9 activation as designated earlier in this 'discussion.




     20.  Polarity Profile




          Soluble fractions of particulate extracted with methylene chloride,




as described in IV.A.15, were used to determine polarity profile.  The




analysis method     employs a high-performance liquid chromatograph with-




a variable solvent program, which permits separation of the solubles into




a series of fractions of increasing polarity.  Instrumentation used in the




analytical procedure included a Perkin-Elmer Series. 3B HPLC utilizing a




Perkin-Elmer MPF 44A fluorescence detector, and a Perkin-Elmer LC65T




ultraviolet detector.  BaP, 9-fluorenone, and acidine standards are




injected to indicate the types of compounds eluted in each region of the




chromatogram.






                                    48

-------
          Initially, the solvent is composed of 95 percent hexane and 5



percent methylene chloride, a relatively non-polar mixture.  This solvent



mixture is used from the start of the chromatogram to 17 minutes into the



elution period.  During this period, non-polar compounds elute.  BaP elutes



at eight minutes into the run.  Many non-polar PNA compounds also elute



during this period, and give ultraviolet and fluorescence responses.  After



17 minutes, the polarity of the solvent is increased at a rate of 5 percent



methylene chloride per minute.  During this transition period of solvent



polarity, more polar compounds are eluted, giving fluorescence and ultra-



violet spectra.  At the end of this transition period (36 minutes into the



run), the solvent is 100 percent methylene chloride and 9-fluorenone



elutes.  With 100 percent methylene chloride, even more polar compounds



elute.  Acridine elutes during this polar period (at about 70 minutes).



     21.  Exhaust Smoke Measurements



          Exhaust smoke measurements were made using an optical light-



extinction smokemeter, of the type specified in Federal regulations for


                                             (1'4)
heavy-duty diesel engine smoke certification.      The smokemeter was



mounted on a 51 mm  (2 in) O.D. tailpipe extension when in use.  The control/



readout unit for the smokemeter was mounted remote fron the vehicle under



test, and continuous recordings of smoke opacity were made concurrently



with vehicle speed traces.  Smoke measurements were made over the first



505 seconds of the cold-start FTP cycle, while the vehicle was operated



on the chassis dynamometer.  This procedure was developed for research



purposes on an earlier EPA Contract, No. 68-03-2417.
                                    49

-------
B.   Validation and Qualification of Analytical Procedures



     Validation and qualification experiments were carried out, as described


                     (8)
in the Interim Report    in Section IV, for the purpose of determining the



suitability of the analytical procedures initially selected for dilute



exhaust analysis conducted on this project.  The validation experiments



determined if the sampling and instrument parameters were appropriate for



the quantitative analysis of dilute exhaust.  The qualification experiments



determined if the compounds of interest could be quantitatively recovered



from the CVS tunnel with and without the presence of exhaust in the tunnel.



The analytical procedures validated and qualified are listed in Table 7



along with methods of sampling and analysis.



     The sampling parameters for all procedures were found to be adequate



for the collection of each of the unregulated emissions.  All samples, with



the exception of the organic sulfides and hydrogen sulfide are stable for



several days and can be stored and rerun within hours after sampling to



prevent loss of sample integrity.  All instruments demonstrate linearity



of response for expected concentration ranges (sample concentrations above



the linear range must be diluted to concentrations that fall within the linear



range of the instrument).  The organic sulfides must be monitored carefully



as traps containing over 200 ng of sample fall beyond the linear range of



the FPD.  The sample flow rate can be lowered to prevent overloading the



Tenax trap.  Test-to-t<*:;t repeatabilities for all procedures are documented



in this report.  In most cases, repeatability is difficult to obtain at the



lower concentrations, while the repeatability at high concentrations is



easily obtained.  Interferences were checked and documented for each




                                    50

-------
TABLE 7.  ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES VALIDATED AND OUALIPIED
Compounds
Aldehydes and Ketones
Organic Amines
Individual Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen Sulfide
Total Cyanide
Organic Sulfides
Ammonia
Sulfate
Phenols
BaP
Sampling
Impinge rs
Impingers
Bags
Impingers
Impingers
Traps
Impingers
Filters
Impingers
Filters
Analysis
DNPH, GC/FID
GC/NPD
GC/FID
Meth. Blue,
Spectrophotometer
GC/ECD
GC/FPD
Ion Chrom.
BCA
GC-FID
Fluorescence,
HPLC
Validation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Not' required
Yes
Not required
Qualification
Yes
Yes
Not required
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Not required
Yes
Not required

-------
procedure.  Phthalates were found to interfere with the aldehyde and ketone




procedure and may cause erroneous results for crotonaldehyde.  In the




hydrogen sulfide procedure, sulfur dioxide decreases the apparent hydrogen




sulfide concentration, and its presence or absence must be recorded.  The




other procedures have interferences that can be avoided if care is taken.




     Qualification experiments were carried out on the aldehyde and ketone,




organic amine, hydrogen sulfide, total cyanide, organic sulfide, ammonia




and phenol procedures to determine the recovery of known amounts of each




pollutant from the CVS tunnel witv and without exhaust (phenols CVS tunnel




with exhaust only).  Aldehydes and 'c-i-.^nes, total cyanide and phenols can




be recovered qualitatively from the CVS tunnel with and without (not done




for phenols) exhaust.  There is a 10 percent loss of hydrogen sulfide with




and without exhaust present.  The organic amines, ammonia, and the organic




sulfides experience significant losses in the CVS tunnel with and without




exhaust.  These losses must be taken into account when determining the con-




centration of these compounds in exhaust.




C.   Minimum Detection Values for Unregulated Emissions




     The minimum detection values (MDV) for various unregulated emissions,




as determined in this project following gv-idelines discussed in other EPA




programs    '   '    , are included in Table 8.  The MDV is defined as the




value above which it can be said that the compound has been detected in the




exhaust (i.e., the accuracy is equal to plus or minus the MDV at a measured




value equal to the MDV).  The MDV varies from one test cycle to another




for the same pollutant because of variations in thfc sampling times  (the




shorter the sampling time, the larger the MDV).






                                     52

-------
               TABLE 8.  .MINIMUM DETECTION VALUES (MDV)  FOR
                       UNREGULATED GASEOUS EMISSIONS
Emission Type
Individual Hydrocarbons
Aldehydes and Ketones:
Formaldehyde
Acetaldehyde
Acetone
Isobutyraldehyde
methy lethy Ik e tone
crotonaldehyde
hexanaldehyde
benzaldehyde
Phenols
Hydrogen Sulfide
Total Cyanide
Ammonia
Organic Sulfides :
carbonyl sulfide
methyl sulfide
ethyl sulfide
dimethyl disulfide
Organic amines
methylamine
ethylamine
trimethylamine
diethylamine
triethylamine
Minimum Detected Emission Rates , mg/km
FTP
0.93

0.19
0.27
0.33
0.39
0.39
0.38
0.48
0.50
0.20
0.34
0.08
0.17

0.05
0.05
0.07
0.08

—
—
—
—
— —
HFET
0.38

0.14
0.19
0.24
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.35
0.36
0.14
0.24
-b
—

0.04
0.04
0.05
0.06

—
—
—
—
— —
NYCC
2.58

1.23
1.70
2.10
2.47
2.47
2.42
3.09
3.20
1.23
2.16
—
—

0.31
0.32
6.47r
0.49

—
—
--
--
— —
85 kph
0.33

0.08
0.11
0.14
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.20
0.21
0.08
—
—
—

—
—
—
-

3
4
5
6
8
MDV of organic amines is Vg/m  in raw exhaust
Pollutant not sampled during this cycle
                                   53

-------
                 V.  CATALYTIC TRAP-OXIDIZER  REGENERATION






     Catalytic trap-oxidizers used on  the Fiat diesels were provided by the




Johnson-Matthey Company branch located in Wayne, Pennsylvania.  Messrs.




Fred Enga and Miles Buckman of Johnson-Matthey provided technical assistance




 needed for the design, installation,  and regeneration techniques of the




traps.  Mr. Enga described the two traps used in this program as, "JM-13




design incorporating a radial flow wire-mesh  filter with a.catalytic bed."




The trap-reactors were similarly designed in  stainless steel, and resembled




conventional mufflers in shape.  They  both had diameters of 14.6cm  (5 3/4in.)




but different effective reactive lengths of 54.9cm  (21 5/8 in.) for use with




the naturally-aspirated diesel and 71.1cm  (28 in.) for use with the turbo-




charged diesel.  The trap used on the  naturally-aspirated diesel illustrates




the typical outer design and dimensions of the two traps, as shown in Figure




14.  Each reactor was baffled to allow exhaust gas to flow around the




perimeter of the can, enter the filter, flow  radially through the annular




active material into the hollow central core, and out the exit.  The annular




zone is of 11.7cm (4 5/8 in) outer diameter with a 5.1cm  (2 in) diameter hole




through its center.  The active zones  were 53.6 and 69.8 cm long in the




traps used for the naturally-aspirated and turbocharged diesels, respectively.




     This section describes the trap installations, trap temperatures and




backpressures, and also, the techniques employed in regenerating the trap




in the Fiat N.A. vehicle.  Although' some mention is made herein of the regu-




lated gaseous and particulate emissions detected during trap regneration,




the actual overall regulated and unregulated  emissions results obtained





                                     54

-------
 &•;. '-i.ii-.'.;-: •:. .-.^v-s«.v.-;r.
Figure 14.  Johnson-Matthey JM-13 catalytic trap-oxidizer.
                              55

-------
with the two traps are reserved for discussion in Section VI, VII and VIII
of this report.

A.   Fiat Naturally-Aspirated Diesel
          The catalytic trap on the Fiat N.A. diesel was designed for use

in close proximity to the engine exhaust manifold.  The large dimensions of

the trap and the limited space in the engine compartment made it quite

difficult to adapt it to the vehicle exhaust system.  The installation

required that a 61 cm long extension of 5 cm O.D. mild-steel tubing be

used between the trap inlet and engine exhaust manifold.  A flange was

welded to each end of the trap and corresponding ends of the extension

tube and exhaust pipe.  The extension tube was flared on its opposite end

to connect it to the exhaust manifold.  The extension was formed in a

roughly helical shape to provide the shortest distance between trap and

exhaust manifold, and to eliminate acute angle bends within the extension

tube.  A type K thermocouple was located at the immediate inlet and another

at the outlet end of the trap to monitor temperatures.  A second port was

provided adjacent to the inlet thermocouple to provide access to the trap

for pressure monitoring.  A third port was installed on the extension tube,

near the trap inlet thermocouple region, for propane injection during trap

regeneration, if necessary.

          A material obtained from Refractory Products and identified as

WKP-X-AQ 2300°F ceramic fiber felt was employed for the trap insulation.

Each sheet (61 x 91 x 0.64 cm) of the insulating material is packaged wet in

a closed plastic container.  One thickness of the wet material was formed

around the entire trap, extension tube, exhaust manifold and assembly

connectors.  Several lengths of wire were wrapped around the insulation  at

appropriate locations to hold the insulation in place while it air-dried
                                    56

-------
and hardened.

           The initial conditioning of the trap was performed on  the  dynamo-

 meter at 80 kph steady-state for 32 km.   The car exhaust was directed to

 outside air to avoid contamination of the CVS tunnel.   According to  Mr.

 Enga,  the initial conditioning served to purge loose packing material

 retained in the trap during its manufacture.  The backpressure of the trap

 ranged from 7.5 (initial)  to 8.7 kPa (final).  Trap temperatures averaged

 about 293"C for the inlet and 285° for the outlet.

      After the trap was purged, the car exhaust was connected to the CVS

 tunnel and the following trap pressures and temperatures were recorded at

 indicated vehicle speeds:


                                  Trap           Trap Temperature,  °C
       Vehicle Speed, kph   Back Pressure, kPa     Inlet     Outlet

              64                   5.0              226  •      209
              80                   7.5              279        229
              96                  10.7              367        288


      Mr.  Enga mentioned that for this type of trap, he  expected  approximately

 6.0 kPa trap back-pressure at 64 kph, with regeneration required when back-

 pressure reached•approximately 10.0 kPa at the same steady-state speed.

 Trap  self-regeneration occurred when the trap outlet -temperature exceeded

 350°C.   The trap could also be regenerated with the car in  neutral and the

 engine  at full rack (high  idle)  for two minutes,  if it  were deteremined  that

 no engine damage would result.

     The trap back-pressure and teniperature were measured to monitor its

 operating characteristics  during the proposed test plan with this  car.

 Inlet  and outlet trap temperatures were  measured continuously using  a two-
                                     57

-------
 pen recorder.  The trap back-pressure was checked at 64 kph steady-state




 after each test sequence, using a Magnehelic guage calibrated in inches of




 water to determine regeneration requirements.




      Summaries of the mav-i mum inlet and outlet temperatures determined at




 the catalytic trap used with the Fiat N.A. dieael ch iring the EM-329-F and




 EM-469-F fuel studies are found in Tables 9 and 10, respectively.  Mileage




 accumulation on the trap during Runs 1 through 4 on each fuel amounted to




 approximately 216 mi (348 km).  During all runs, there were few instances




 where the trap outlet temperatures exceeded 300°C.  When trap outlet i-emper-




 atures exceeded 300°C,  such as in the HFET and 85 kph cycles with EM-469-F,




 the subsequent higher trap back-pressure did not indicate that significant




 trap regeneration had occurred.  As noted in Tables 9 and 10, trap back-



 pressure as  measured in fourth gear and at 64 kph steady-state after each four-




 run test sequence indicated backpressure was generally increasing.   Additional




 testing besides that shown in Tables 8 and 9 was accomplished using the




 trap, mainly to generate 500 x 500 mm particulate filters.  The resulting




 trap backpressures measured during the entire use of the trap with the Fiat




 N.A. diesel are listed in Table 11.




      During the initial prep of the test car with EM-469-F at 11206 km,




 it was noted that the trap backpressure had increased to 9.5 kPa, as opposed




 to 6.7 kPa obtained at the end .of EM-329-F testing.  The abrupt and unex-




• plained increase in trap backpressure required that trap regeneration be




 accomplished prior to proceeding with the EM-469-F tests in Table 10.  As




 explained earlier, Mr.  Enga recommended that trap regenertation be performed




 with the car in neutral and the engine at "high idle" (open rack) for two






                                     58

-------
                    TABLE 9.   MAXIMUM INLET AND OUTLET TEMPERATURES OF
                          JOHNSON-MATTHEY CATALYTIC TRAP USED ON
                            FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
                                  WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
Trap Maximum
Temp., °C.
Inlet
Outlet


Test Code
Pest Type
)ate (1981)
lun No.
'rap Maximum
'emp., "C
Inlet
Outlet
lackpress.,*
kPa
1B1F46
3-b FTP
4/6
1
»

318
202

1B1F50
3-b FTP
4/7
2


368
198
1B1F54
3-b FTP
4/9
3


360
210
1
1B1F58
3-b FTP
4/10
4


339
210










1B1H47
HFET
4/6
1


335
274

1B1H51
HFET
4/7
2


348
289

1B1H55
L HFET
4/9
3


348
291

1B1H59
HFET
4/10
4


342
285


1B1N48
NYCC
4/6
1


198
236

— —
1B1N52
NYCC
4/7
£


233
253

— —
131N56
>IYCC
• /9
.)


210
245

™
1B1N60
NYCC
4/10
4


210
245

_ —










1B1S49
85 kph
4/6
1


282
229

5.5
1B1S53
85 kph
4/7
2


291
279

6.0
1B1S57
85 koh
4/9
3


305
293

6.7
1B1S61
85 kph
4/10
4


293
285

6.7
The trap backpressure was  determined  at 64  kph steady-state after each 85  kph cycle
was completed;  backpressure prior  to initial testing with EM-329-F was 5.0 kPa.
                                          55

-------
                    TABLE 10.  MAXIMUM INLET AND OUTLET TEMPERATURES OF
                          JOHNSON-MATTHEY CATALYTIC TRAP USED ON
                              FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
                                    WITH EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
Trap Maximum
Temp., °c
Inlet
Outlet

Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
Trap Maximum
• Temp. , °C
Inlet
Outlet
Backpress. ,a
VPs
1B2F64
3-b FTP
4/15
1


325
204
1B2F68
3-b FTP
4/16
2


3-25
198
1B2F72
3-b FTP
4/20
3


365
243
1B2F76
3-b FTP
4/21
4


325
245

1B2N66
NYCC
4/15
1


210
236

—
1B2N70
NYCC
4/16
2


•51 r\
222

— —
1B2N74
NYCC
4/20
3


245
249

— —
1B2N78
NYCC
4/21
4


224
274

— —
1B2H65
HFET
4/15
1


342
283
1B2H69
HFET
4/16
2


331
268
1B2H73
HFET
4/20
3


360
314
1B2H77
HFET
4/21
4


331
314

1B2S67
85 kph
4/15
1


289
274

7.7
1B2371
85 kph
4/16
2


293
285

7.7
1B2S75
85 kph
4/20
3


b
__b

8.7
1B2S79
85 kph
4/21
4


291
314

9J2
The trap backpressure was determined at 64 kph steady-state after each 85 kph cycle
was complsted;  backpressure prior to initial testing with EK^Sg-F was 7.5 kPa.
Data not acceptable
                                            60

-------
TABLE 11.  CATALYTIC TRAP BACKPRESSURE DETERMINED AT VARIOUS INTERVALS DURING
          EMISSIONS TESTING WITH FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
Vehicle
Odometer, km
10823
10892
10966
11051
11124
11206
11330
11402
11484
11557
11646
11711
11831
11991
12109
12224
12271
12417
12509
Trap Cumulative
Distance, km
Initial Conditioning
69
143
228
301
383
507
579
661
734
823b
888
1008
1168
1286.
140 lb
1448
1594
1686°
Trap Backpressure
kPaa
__
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.7
9.2
7.5
7.7
7.7
8.7
10.2
7.7
8.0
8.5
9.5
10.7
7.7
8.7
12.4
              p backpressure measured at 64 kph steady-state
           Approximate accumulated kilometers where trap regeneration
           was reguired according to indiaated high backpressure
           No further trap regeneration was attempted at completion
           of Fiat N.A. diesel testing
                                   61

-------
minutes.  To forestall possible engine damage at full speed, an alternate




trap regeneration procedure was tried.  The procedure consisted of running




the car in fifth gear and at 80 kph steady-state with incremental dyna-




mometer horsepower increases.  The dynamometer loading was continued to




20 hp (indicated) and the trap outlet temperature was '.noted to have increased




to 394°C (inlet 430°C)-  The same test conditions were then sustained for




an additional two minutes before the procedure was terminated with accom-




panying reduction of vehicle speed and dynamometer loading.  A subsequent




measure of trap backpressure showed no change from 9.5 kPa.  Consequently,




it was decided to regenerate the trap by using the car in neutral and the




engine at "high idle'1.  Howaver, to help moderate the effect of maximum rpm




on the engine, the engine was operated at this speed for one-half minute




instead of two minutes.  The procedure reduced the trap backpressure to




7.5 kPa, a value confirmed by Mr. Buchman to be adequate for,.resuming




evaluation of the trap.  Since the trap outlet temperature did not exceed




268°C (inlet 3288C) during the high idle procedure, it is conjectured that




the decrease in trap backpressure occurred mostly through particulate




purging instead of "light-off.




     At 11646 kilometers and prior to starting the additional particulate




sampling mentioned earlier for 500 x 500 mm filters, the catalytic trap




backpressure on the Fiat N.A. diesel was 10.2 kPa.  It was therefore neces-




sary to regenerate the trap before beginning actual particulate sampling.




With the Project Officer's approval, the Johnson-Matthey "high idle'1 (open




rack) regeneration procedure of two minute duration was conducted, following




a test sequence that allowed for repeated "high idle" test cycles.  In this







                                    62

-------
manner, sampling of regulated emissions could be similarly accomplished


during "high idle" cycles for comparison during and after trap regeneration.


The "high idle" trap regeneration test sequence is shown in Table 12, and


corresponding computer sheets for the listed emissions tests are found in


Appendix A.


     Although three "high idle'1 cycles were completed, the trap back-


pressure was not greatly affected, as seen in Table 12.  The first two


"high idle1' cycles demonstrated significantly higher emission rates gener-


ally than those found with the same car configuration and fuel on the 85 kph


test cycles as reported later in Section VI  of this report.  The 85 kph


average emission rates in grams/hr were HC (0.33), CO (0.92), NOX (60),


and particulate (4.6).  The HC and particulate diminished after each "high


idle" cycle in Table 12.  The NOX increased slightly after the first test,


but remained rather uniform thereafter.  The CO decreased and then stabil-


ized after the first test.  During each "high idle" cycle, the trap back-


pressure increased rapidly to the peak values noted in Table 12.  It is


interesting to note that the trap inlet temperature did not exceed 416°C


during the "high idle" cycles.  Studies conducted with a non-catalyzed trap

                       / T O \
at Ford Motor Company      indicated that trap regeneration could be achieved


generally if the trap inlet temperature exceeded 482°C and if sufficient


oxygen (2% or more) and time were provided.  They showed that the actual


exhaust temperature required for fast regeneration was usually higher than


the nominal 482°C level to compensate for heat loss from the trap and


exhaust system.  Also, the same study indicated that catalysts did not lower


the regeneration temperature of a particulate trap, nor did they accelerate


the particulate oxidation process.



                                    63

-------
             TABLE 12.  "HIGH IDLE" TRAP REGENERATION TEST SEQUENCE USED
          ON NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT WITH CATALYTIC TRAP AND EM-469-F FUEL
Test
Sequence
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Test
Code


1B2R81

1B2R82

1B2R83

Test Cycle
23 minute FTP
4 minute 64 kph S.S.
4 minute soak
2 minute "high idle"
4 minute soak
4 minute 64 kph S.S.
4 minute soak
2 minute "high idle"
4 minute soak
4 minute 64 kph S.S.
4 minute soak
2 minute "high idle"
4 minute soak
4 minute 64 kph S.S.
Emissions Rate, g/hr
HC
_ a
—
8.9
I
1.7
— —
0.21
—
CO
—
—
16.0
—
4.3
::
4.3
—
NOX
_..
—
81.
—
86.
— —
86.
—
Part.
--
—
59.
—
33.
—
27.
—
Catalytic Trap
Max. Temp. ,°C
Inlet
371
314
204
411
340
379
233
416
356
396
212
416
c
411
Outlet
222
212
202
329
297
324
257
349
314
340
272
349
c
337 '
Max. Back-
pressure
kPa
—
10.2
34.9
9.7
37.3
10.5
36.6
10.2
,-Emissions not sampled,  trap backpressure not noted
 4-minute  soak also provided time for changing of particulate filters
 Data not acceptable
                                        64

-------
     After the second "high idle" test in Table  12  failed to achieve  trap




regeneration, Mr. Buchman was contacted for further advice.  His recommen-




dation was to try a third "high idle" test before trying a. different




regeneration  procedure.    Mr.   Enga  was   later  advised  of the




results  in  Table 12.  He  recommended  that a  fast  accel   under




an open rack engine condition be tried to regenerate the trap  while oper-




ating the vehicle on the dyno.  Since the Fiat N.A. diesel has a five-speed




manual transmisson, it was decided to first carefully determine the open




rack vehicle steady speeds in first, second,  and third gears without




ad lally regenerating the trap. 'This determination would later allow the




fast and proper shifting of gears under open  rack conditions,  and would




also permit measurement of regulated emissions during'.and after the trap




regeneration.  After running a preliminary 23-minute FTP and a 64 kph steady




state of less than one minute, the car was returne'd to idle speed,  with




full rack in first gear, the car was carefully accelerated until its  speed




stabilized for twenty seconds before easing off open rack to shift to




second gear, and then third gear, to also similarly determine  their stabil-




ized speeds.- The first, second, and third gear stabilized speeds reached




were 42, 73, and 108 kph, respectively.  Maximum inlet (outlet) tempera-




tures obtained at the three stabilized speeds were  382°C (256°C) in first




gear, 46i°C  (348°C) in second gear, and 651°C (439°C) in third, gear.  A




subsequent check of the trap backpressure, as normally performed at 64 kph,




indicated a value of 7.7 kPa.  This trap backpressure was close to the value




observed after the trap regeneration conducted at 11,330 kilometers.  Since




the opportunity for obtaining regulated emissions during the trap regeneration






                                    65

-------
was lost, the car was subsequently prepped to continue sampling particulate




on 500 x 500 mm filters.




     The final trap regeneration was accomplished at approximately 12,224




Kilometers by vehicle operation on the dyno.  After an initial fifteen-



minute warm-up at 64 steady-state speed, the vehicle was brought to idle.




From idle, the vehicle was quickly accelerated at full rack in a first,




second, and third gear succession to reach a steady-state speed of 108 kph




for thirty seconds.  Four consecutive accels were necessary using the same




trap regeneration accel procedure in order to reduce the trap backpressure




from 10.7 to 7.7 kPa in steps of 1.0, 0.7, 0.5, and 0.8 kPa, respectively.




The average maximum inlet temperature of the trap was 642°C (462°C outlet)




during the third gear portion of the trap regeneration procedure.




     No further trap regenerations were attempted, as shown in Table  11, for




the remainder of the test plan on the trap-equipped Fiat N.A. diesel.  After




completion of the tests run for particulate accumulation, the catalytic




trap was removed from the Fiat N.A. diesel and saved for future shipment




to Johnson-Matthey.  The Fiat N.A. diesel exhaust system was then restored




to. its original configuration.  At the request of Miss Sharon Quayle, and




with the approval of the Project Officer, the vehicle was shipped to the




Department of Transportation in Cambridge, Massachusetts> on June 22, 1981.




B.   Fiat Turbocharged Diesel




     The catalytic trap-oxidizer for use on the Fiat turbocharged diesel




was designed for "underfloor" installation because of the vehicle's




limited engine compartment space.  A flange was welded to each end of the




trap for its underfloor installation immediately past the firewall of the
                                    66

-------
Fiat T.C. diesel.  Prior to installation, the trap was fitted with a type K
thermocouple at its inlet and outlet.  A separate port was provided near
the inlet thermocouple for pressure monitoring.  Insulation of the trap was
with a single layer of Refractory Products WRP-x-AQ 2300°F ceramic fiber
felt.  The same type insulation was used to cover the exhaust pipe section
extending from the turbocharger down to the trap.  The asbestos tape
originally wrapped around the pipe section was left intact underneath the
fiber felt layer.  Both the trap  and pipe extension fiber felt insulation
was wrapped with several lengths of wire and then with asbestos and glass
tape for increased protection.  The size and installation of the trap on
the vehicle permitted only a few inches clearance between the trap and
laboratory floor.
     The trap was conditioned on the dynamometer for 80 kilometers at
alternating vehicle speeds of 48, 64, 80 and 96 kph.  After trap conditioning,
the car exhaust was connected to the CVS tunnel, and the trap pressure and
temperature were recorded at the following vehicle speeds:

                                  Trap            Trap Temoera't-iirp.  T
      Vehicle Speed, kph    Back-Pressure, kPa      Inlet     Outlet
             64                   4.5                283       307
             80                   7.2                293       272
             96                  12.4                339       301

     The clean trap back-pressure, according to Mr. Buchman, should have
been approximately 3.5 kPa at 64 kph.  Trap regeneration is recommended
at or close to 8.7 kPa.  For this study, trap inlet and outlet temperatures,
were measured continuously using a two-pen recorder.  The trap back-pressure
was checked in fourth gear and at 64 kph after completion of each test.
                                    67

-------
sequence consisting of a 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph.




     The maximum inlet and outlet temperatures measured at the catalytic




trap during regulated and unregulated emissions testing are found in Table




13 for EM-329-P, and in Table 14 for EM-469-F.  Mileage accumulation on the




trap during Runs 1 and 2 on each fuel amounted to approximately 159 kilo-




meters .  As indicated in Tables 13 and 14, the highest trap inlet temperatures




(290 to 300°C)-with each fuel occurred during the HFET cycle; but they were




short of the approximately 480°C or higher temperature needed for self-




regeneration of the trap.




     Total distance accumulated on the trap during all testing conducted,




including repetitive testing for particulate. accumulation using 500 x 500 mm




filters, was 1,411 kilometers, as summarized in Table 15.  No trap regenera-




tion was required during the extended period of emissions testing with the




Fiat T.C. diesel using catalytic trap and the two test fuels.  In the single




instance where trap backpressure actually approached the proposed upper limit




of 8.7 kPa for the trap  (at 9.308 km), a subsequent run employing a NYCC




proved sufficient to reduce trap backpressure to 7.2 kPa.  Thereafter, the




trap backpressure remained at 7.2 kPa or slightly below, as indicated in




Table 15.




     An earnest effort was also made to run the Fiat T.C. diesel with a




manifold .catalytic trap.  Mr. Buchman visited SwRI on June 9, 1981 to




take preliminary pictures and measurements of the Fiat T.C. engine com-




partment.  Johnson-Matthey was to design and manufacture a catalytic trap-




oxidizer to use in place of the engine exhaust manifold.  The design would




allow the trap to be located immediately ahead of the turbocharger.  During






                                    68 '

-------
  TABLE 13.  MAXIMUM INLET AND OUTLET TEMPERATURES OF JOHNSON-MATTHEY
      UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP USED ON FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
                          WITH EM-329-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run NO.
Trap Maximum
Temp. , °c
Inlet
Outlet
Trap Backpressure
kPaa
3B1F01
3-b FTP
9/17
1


255
210

- —
3B1F05
3-b FTP
9/18
2


255
212

--—
3B1H02
HFET
9/17
1


285
255

	
3B1H06
HFET
9/18
2


290
265

	
3B1N03
NYCC
9/17
1


210
193

	
3B1N07
NYCC
9/18
2


215
192

	
3B1S04
85 kph
9/17
1


274
265

5.0
3B1S08
85 kph
9/18
2


278
270

5.0
The trap backpressure was determined at 64 kph steady-state after each 85 kph
cycle was completed; backpressure prior to initial testing with EM-329-F
was 4.5 kPa.
  TABLE 14.  MAXIMUM INLET AND OUTLET TEMPERATURES OF JOHNSON-MATTHEY
      UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP USED ON FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
                          WITH ZM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
Trap Maximum
Temp., °C
Inlet
Outlet
Trap Backpressure
kPaa
3B2F35
3-b FTP
9/23
1


268
220

_-»
3B2F39
3-b FTP
9/24
2


262
218

— — —
3B2H36
HFET
9/23
1


300
274

— — —
3B2H40
HFET
9/24
2


298
270

— — —
3B2N37
NYCC
9/23
1


195
220

— — —
3B2N41
NYCC
9/24
2


198
220

—
3B2S38
85 kph
9/23
1


284
275

6.7
3B2S42
85 kph
9/24
2


285
275

6.5
The trap backpressure was determined at 64 kph steady-state after each 85 kph
cycle was completed; backpressure prior to initial testing with EM-469-F
was 6.7 kPa.
                                  69

-------
TABLE 15.  CATALYTIC TRAP BACKPRESSURE DETERMINED AT VARIOUS INTERVALS
         DURING EMISSIONS TESTING WITH FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
Vehicle
Odometer, km
8355
8497
8571
8656
8796
8951
9022
9110
9257
9308
9310
9328
9596
9766
Trap Cumulative
Distance, km
Initial Conditioning
142
216
301
441
596
667
755
902
953
955
973
1241
1411
Trap Backpressure,
kPaa
4.5
5.0
5.0
5.5
6.7
6.7
6.5
7.7
8.5
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.0
     Trap backpressure measured at 64 kph steady-state
                                 70

-------
his visit to SwRI on June 17, 1W3. Dr. Rinaldo Rinolfi of Fiat  (Italy)




agreed to provide Mr. Buchman with essential engineering drawings of the




engine, exhaust manifold, and turbocharger to assist him further in the




manifold trap design.  Fiat was also to supply SwRI with the necessary




gaskets required for fitting the completed manifold trap to the engine.




     The Fiat engineering drawings and gaskets were received at SwRI on




August 6, 1981.  The drawings were quickly forwarded to Mr. Buckman, who




subsequently determined that the drawings were not applicable to the Fiat




T.C. diesel at SwRI.  Fiat was alerted of the mistake, and the correct




drawings were finally received by the Project Officer in late October 1981.




After studying the drawings, Mr. Buckman determined that the trap was more




complex than anticipated, and could therefore not be completed until late




1981 or even early 1982.  The Project Officer, along with SwRI,- determined




that the projected delay in the trap acquisition was too long t.o accommodate




within the present time and monetary constraints of the..project.  Therefore,




it was decided that the underfloor trap configuration of the turbocharged




Fiat diesel would be the final vehicle configuration evaluated, and that




the remaining project effort would be applied to data analysis and prepara-




tion of the Final Report.
                                    71

-------
             VI.  REGULATED EMISSIONS AND FUEL ECONOMY  RESULTS






     A discussion of the regulated emissions and  fuel economy results obtained




during the testing conducted  in  this project is presented  in this  section.




The testing  for regulated emissions provided a. large amount of data gener-




ated using a four-cycle test  sequence,  coirposed of  a 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC,




and 85 kph steady-state.  The omissions evaluations included five  diesel




vehicle configurations  (Fiat  N.A.,  Fiat N.A./trap, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass,




Fiat T.C., and Fiat T.c./trap and two test fuels  (EM-329-F  and EM-469-F).




The regulated emissions and fuel economy data for individual runs  and




respective computer sheets for each vehicle configuration/fuel type are




found in  Appendices B, C, D,  E,  and F for the five  vehicle configurations




in the order listed above.  The  individual run data have been grouped,




averaged, and tabulated in this  section in order  to effectively compare the




pollutants and fuel economy,  by  vehicle, driving  cycle, and fuel.  These




data for  HC, CO, NOX, particulate, and  fuel economy are sumrarized in Tables




16 through 20 respectively.




     Test-to-test repeatability  of emissions and  fuel economy data used in




the preparation of Tables 16  through 20 was generally good.  However, some




significant  variations in particulate emission rates were  noted for the




Fiat N.A./trap configuration  with both  fuels in the NYCC and 85 kph, as




shown in  summary tabulations  on  pages C-2 and C-19.  In the IIYCC,  fc.^ example,  the




test-to-test particulate rate of the Fiat N.A./trap vehicle varied by a




factor of three with EM-329-F, and by a factor of two with EM-469-F.  The




reason for the sporadic variation in particulate  rate in some driving cycles




                                     72

-------
TABLE 16.  VEHICLE, FUEL, AND TOST CYCLE COMPARISONS
              FOR AVERAGE HYDROCARBONS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average HC Emission Rates (g/mi) by Cycle and Fuel
3-bac
EM-329-F
0.49
0.08
0.39
0.12
0.19
FTP
EM-469-F
0.57
0.10
0.48
0.19
0.21
HFET
EM-329-F
0.23
0.02
0.11
0.03
0.13
EM-469-F
0.25
0.03
0.12
0.03
0.16
NYCC
EM-329-F
0.79
0.04
1.06
0.19
0.45
EM-469-F
1.10
0.04
1.26
0.30
0.52
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.19
0.00
0.07
0.00
0.13
EM-469-F
0.19
0.01
0.10
0.01
0.13
TABLE 17.  VEHICLE, FUEL, AND TEST CYCLF COMPARISONS
             FOR AVERAGE CARBON MONOXIDE
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average CO Emission Rates (g/mi) by Cycle and Fuel
3-bag FTP
EM-329-F
1.66
0.29
1.35
0.43
1.05
EM-469-F
1.90
0.41
1.58
0.43
1.11
HFET
EM-329-F
0.67
0.05
0.45
0.08
0.70
EM-469-F
0.70
0.07
0.30
0.08
0.72
NYCC.
EM-329-F
2.93
0.15
3.08
0.64
2.42
EM-469-F
3.80
0.20
3.47
0.72
,2.51
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.55
0.03
0.31
o.or.
0.66
EM-4fod-F
0.54
0.02
0.43
0.05
0.70
                        73

-------
TABLE 18.  VEHICLE, FUEL, AND TEST CYCLE COMPARISONS
                   FOR AVERAGE NO,,
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average ITOV Emission Rates (g/mi) by Cycle and Fuel
3-baq
EM-329-F
1.32
1.4C
2.04
1.87
1.03
FTP
EM-469-F
1.40
1.59
2.02
2.09
1.05
HFET
EM-329-F
0.88
1.10
1.27
1.15
0.60
EM-469-F
0.98
1.16
1.28
1.34
0.61
NYCC
EM-329-F
2.02
2.36
2.73
2.6J
2.32
KM-469-F
2.25
2.2C
2.74
2.92
2.40
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.86
1.11
1.30
1.18
0.59
EM-469-F
0.96
1.13
1.22
1.35
0.58
TABLE 19.  VEHICLE, FUEL, AND TEST CYCLE  COMPARISONS
               FOR AVERAGE PARTICULATE
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average Particulate Emission Rates (g/mi) by Cycle and Fuel
3-bag FTP
EM-329-F
0.41
0.11
0.26
0.10
0.38
EM-469-F
0.45
0.07
0.33
0.09
0.44
HFET
EM-329-F
0.27
0.09
0.13
0.06
0.21
EM-469-F
0.34
0.06
0.13
0.07
0.21
NYCC
EM-329-F
0.43
0.36
0.41
0.15
0.57
EM-469-F
0.62
0.16
0.52
0.17
0.66
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.25
0.12
0.11
0.06
0.16
EM-469-F
0.30
0.09
0.11
0.08
0.14
                         74

-------
            TABLE 20.  VEHICLE, FUEL, AND TEST .CYCLE COMPARISONS
                          FOR AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average -Fuel Economy (mi/gal) by Cycle arid Fuel
3-Bag FTP
EM-329-F
27.6
28.2
22.7
23.4
22.0
EM-469-F
27.4
28.8
23.0
23.7
22.1
HFET
EM-329-F
42.2
37.9
36.6
37.9
31.6
EM-469-F
39.3
38.9
37.0
36.9
32.7
NYCC
EM-329-F
19.0
18.1
14.5
14.7
11.3
EM-469-F
16.6
18.6
14.7
14.8
11.3
85 koh
EM-329-F
43.0
38.4
37.3
38.3
32.1
EM-469-F
39.9
39.7
37.5
38.2
33.5
is not known.  However, it is conjectured that different levels of sulfate

and/or particulate purged from the overall exhaust system may have contrib-

uted to the observed different particulate emission rates.

     Comparative FTP regulated emissions and fuel economy data obtained

from DOE-Bartlesville*4' for the two Fiats without exhaust aftertreatment

and from the EPA Certification Division for a 19'81 Oldsmobile Cutlass

diesel were as follows:
                    FTP REGULATED EMISSIONS RATE, g/mi
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.

Fiat T.C.
Cutlass
. Fuel
2D
"European"
2D
Emissions 2D
1981 Federal Standard*23'
HC
0.68
0.49
0.55
0.41
0.41
CO
2.32
1.64
1.80
1.13
3.4
NOX
1.61
1.45
3.12
1.30*
1.0
Particulate
p. 34
0.45-
0.32
(not sampled)
0.6
Fuel Economy, mi/gal
27.3
27.8
23.7
21.7
—
*NOv waived to 1.50 g/mi for 1S81
A
                                     75

-------
 The 2D fuel  at  DOE was higher in aromatics and density than EM-329-F.  The




 "European" fuel was more similar to E'?-329-F, except for its wider boiling




 range.   The  ".European" fuel results are very close to the SwRI results with




 the same car, perhaps  due to fuel similarity.  The FTP 1981 Federal Stanr..._




 dard^23'  for HC (0.41  g/mi)  was exceeded by the Fiat N.A. (no trap/both




 fuels)'  and  Fiat T.C.  (no trap/EM-469-F),  as shown in Table 16.  In addition,



 the 1981 NOX limit (1.0 g/mi) was exceeded by each vehicle/fuel combination




 in the FTP,  as  indicated in Table 18.   For 1981, however, the Cutlass was




 granted a NOX waiver of 1.50 g/mi.




      With each  fuel, as shown in Table 16, the highest HC was obtained using




 the naturally-aspirated diesel without trap in the FTP, HFET,' and 85 kph,




 and using the, turbocharged diesel without trap in the NYCC.  The trap-equipped




 Fiats consistently provided the lowest HC in the study, with the Fiat




 T.C./trap vehicle showing higher HC in the FTP and NYCC.  On a fuel-to-




 fuel basis with all vehicles, HC emissions were generally higher with




 EM-469-F than with EM-329-F, but not substantially so.  On all vehicles




 and test fuels,  HC was highest in the  FTP and NYCC, with the NYCC dis-




 playing the  higher values overall.




      The use of trap-catalysts served  to reduce the Fiat N.A. and T.C.




 diesels'  KC  emissions  in all cycles and with both fuels as show in Table




 16.  The effective reduction pf HC with the trap was greater than 82




 percent (91  avg.)  and  60 percent (78 avg.) on the Fiat N.A. and T.C.




 diesels,  respectively.  The Cutlass HC on the FTP was lower than the Fiats




 without aftertreatment,  but higher than the same vehicles with aftertreat-




 ment.




      In the  summary of average CO emissions in Table 17, CO was generally




higher, although not appreciably so, with  EM-469-F.   With both fuels,  the





                                     76

-------
 Fiats without  aftertreatment provided highest CO during the FTP and NYCC.

 The  Cutlass produced somewhat higher CO than the Fiats without traps in

 the  HFET  and 85  kph  using each fuel.   The decrease in CO emissions ob-

 tained  with the  traps for all cycles and fuels was greater than 78 percent

 (91  avg.)  and  68 percent  (80 avg.)  on the Fiat N.A. and T.C. vehicles,

 respectively.

     Most vehicles and test  cycles  listed in Table 18 indicated slightly

 higher  NOX with  EM-469-F  than with  EM-329-F.  The Fiat T.C. vehicle produced

 the  highest NOx  in each cycle with  EM-329-F, while the same vehicle with

 aftertreatment had the highest NOX  in each cycle with EM-469-F.  The use

 of the  catalytic trap on  the naturally-aspirated diesel with both fuels

 consistently increased NOX emissions on the  average of 17  perctnt over

 the  same  vehicle without  aftertreatment.   The Fiat T.C.  diesel  with trap

 had  consistently lower NOX (average of eight percent)  with EM-329-F,  but

 consistently higher  NOX (average of six percent)  with EM-469-F  over the

 same vehicle without exhaust aftertreatment.   The effect of trap backpressure
on NOX emissions  reported  in Table 18 for the Fiats is not known, since trap

backpressure was  not monitored continuously during any emissions testing

performed in this study.

     The highest  particulate emissions, as summaried  in Table 19, were pro-
duced by the Fiat naturally-aspirated diesel  in the FTP, HFET,.and  85 kph with

 both fuels.  The Cutlass  had the highest particulate  rate  on both test  fuels  "

 in the  NYCC.   Generally,  the catalytic trap-equipped  Fiats had  the lowest

 particulate emissions  levels as shown  in Table  19.  These  same  vehicles

 also demonstrated nearly  identical particulate  emissions  in tho FTP with

 EM-329-F, and  in the  KFET, NYCC, and 35  kph  with  E!i-469-F.
                                     77

-------
     Although  no  major differences  in particulate emission with respect to




 fuel type  are  generally found in Table 19,  by vehicle or driving cycle, some




 trends  in  particulate rates can be  noted.   Slightly lower particulate emis-




 sions were shown  with EM-329-F than with EM-469-F for the Fiat N.A. diesel




 without aftertreatment in all test  cycles,  and for both the Fiat T.C. diesel




 without aftertreatment and, the Cutlass in the FTP and NYCC.  The Fiat N.A.





diesel with catalytic trap emitted more particulate in all cycles with EM-329-F than




with EM-469-F.  On. the NYCC with EM-329-F howaver, the same' vehicle showed




more than twice the particulate rate obtained with EM-469-F.  This substan-




tial difference in particulate rate between fuels is attributed to the




noticeable spread of particulate emissions obtained on the NYCC with the




Fiat N.A./trap vehicle, as discussed earlier in this section.




     Particulate emissions of the Fiats were lower in every cycle and fuel




combination with the catalytic traps than without them.  With trap use, -the




particulate emission rates of the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels were reduced




by an average of 65 to 55 percent, respectively.  The largest particulate




decreases with each trap-equipped Fiat occurred in the FTP using EM-469-F,




where the Fiat N.A. showed an 84 percent reduction and the Fiat T.C.




exhibited a 73 percent reduction.




     Fuel economy results in Table 20 indicate that generally the highest




fuel economy was obtained by the naturally-aspirated Fiat with and without




exhaust aftertreatmont.  The Cutlass had the lowest fuel economy overall,




although it was only slightly less than that obtained with either exhaust




configuration of the turbocharged Fiat in the FTP with the two fuels.  With




each test vehicle and fuel in the study, fuel economy was highest in the




85 kph  and lowest in the NYCC, as expected.





                                    78

-------
    No obvious trends were observed for fuel economy between  fuels,  although




the Fiat N.A. without aftertreatment showed the largest differences  betwean




fuel types.   The result may be seen in Table 20 under the HFET, NYCC, and




85 kph procedures,  where EM-329-F showed the higher mileage per gallon,




but by not more than 3.1 mi/gal in any cycle.




     When the trap was put on the Fiat N.A. diesel, fuel economy with the




test fuels increased very slightly in the FTP,  but decreased in the HFET,




the NYCC (EM-329-F). and at 85 kph.  The largest fuel economy decreases




noted in the trap studies of the Fiats occurred using the Fiat N.A. diesel




in the HFET and 85 kph with fuel EM-329-F.  No significant change in fuel




economy occurred between the different exhaust configurations of the Fiat




turbocharged diesel with either fuel.
                                    79

-------
                  VII.   UNREGULATED GASEOUS  EMISSIONS RESULTS






     This section is devoted to the discussion of the unregulated gaseous




emission results which included sampling  and analyses, of individual hydro-




carbons, aldehydes,  ammonia, phenols,  total  cyanide,  trap-collected gaseous




hydrocarbons,  organic sulfides, hydrogen  sulfide, amines,  and  N-nitrosamines.




The respective pollutants are discussed separately,  usually with individual




run data grouped, averaged,  and tabulated.   Where an analysis  includes




several pollutants,  as in the case with individual hydrocarbons,  aldehydes, phenols,




organic sulfides, amines, and N-nitrosamines,  comparison of pollutants to




vehicle, driving cycle, and fuel relied more on the  average "total"




emissions for simplicity.




A.   Individual Hydroc?rbons




     The emission rates, of eight individual  hydrocarbons (IHC)  consisting




of methane, ethylene, ethane, acetylene,  propane, propylene, benzene,  and




toluene were measured in this project. The  summaries of individual




runs obtained with each vehicle configuration, driving cycle,  and fuel




are found in Appendix G, Tables G-l through  G-10.




     Replicate runs  in Appendix G using the  cold FTP and hot FTP indicated




good repeatability of the more highly concentrated IHC species identified




as methane, ethylene,  acetylene, and propylene.  Methane,  ethylene, and




ethane were the only pollutants found consistently with each vehicle and




fuel combination.  Although data scatter  in  the overall study  made it




difficult to identify precise trends,  it  was found that ethylene was




generally present at the highest concentration among the IHC species for





                                    80

-------
each vehicle, cycle, and fuel combination.  Usually, the ethylene accounted




for at least half of the "total" IHC.  While there were a few exceptions,




such as indicated in Tables G-l and G-3 for the FTP'S, most IHC species




detected for the Fiat vehicles without catalytic traps were found at lower




levels for these vehicles with catalytic traps.  In most cold and hot FTP'S,




the Cutlass emitted lower concentrations of all the IHC except toluene than




did the Fiats without exhaust aftertreatment.  In the cold FTP and hot FTP,




ethylene was slightly higher with EM-469-F than with EM-329-F for all vehicle




configurations.




     Table 21 summarizes the average "total" IHC emission results prepared




from individual run data in Appendix G.  For comparative purposes, the




summary includes the average "total IHC" obtained via continuous heated FID.




The "total" IHC or just IHC, as used in this discussion, was highest on the




Fiat N.A. vehicle without aftertreattnent, and with both fuels in the hot FTP,




HFET, and NYCC.  Displaying highest IHC emissions in the cold FTP were the




naturally-aspirated Fiat with no aftertreatment using EM-469-F, and the




turbocharged Fiat with no aftertreatment using EM-329-F.  With both fuels,




IHC was highest in the 85 kph with the Cutlass.  The lowest IHC ranged from




0.96 to 26 mg/km, and was mainly associated with the turbocharged Fiat/trap




and Cutlass diesels.  The lowest IHC emissions in the study were generated




by the Fiat T.C./trap configuration in the hot FTP with both fuels, and in




the HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph with fuel EM-329-F.  The Cutlass "total" IHC was




lowest on the cold FTP with both fuels and in the NYCC with EM-469-F.




     On a fuel comparison basis, -the EM-469-F fuel gave higher IHC emissions




in eighty percent of the cases.  The differences between fuels were rather






                                    81

-------
                       TABLE 21.  SUMMARY OF  AVERAGE '"TOTAL"  INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR
                          FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESLES


Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
FID "Total"
HC", mgAm
Fiat N.A. /trap
FID "Total
HC" , mgAm
Fiat T.C.
FID "Total
HC", mgAm
Fiat T.C. /trap
FID "Total
HC" mgAm
Cutlass
FID "Total
HC" , mgAm
Average "Total" IHQ Emission Rates (mgAm) by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP
EM-329-F
65

a
28

56
68

276
31

98
23

118
EM-469-F
82

398
29

53
76

367
46

162
26

134
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
56

—
2U

'36
36

227
9.6

51
20

134
EM-469-F
69

388
25

49
47

263
11

66
18

158
HFET
EM-329-F
20

—
6.2

10
10

70
2.4

10
17

80
EM-469-F
27

140
8.1

20
5.4

70
13

20
16

100
NYCC
EM-329-F
157

—
41

30
120

690
36

120
39

320
EM-469-F
153

700
44

40
6fl

800
81

190
37

320
85 kph
EM-329-F
13

—
2.4

7.0
4.7

50
0.96

b
16

70
EM- 4 GO-"
6.8

130
1.1

b
4.6

60
4.3

b
13

80
CD
N)
     data not acceptable
     less than 5 mgAm

-------
minor, however.  Also IHC was noted to vary with test cycle for the majority




of vehicle configuration with both fuels.   In this respect,  rank ordering  of




"total" IHC emissions by test cycj.e was fairly consistent in the order




NYCC, cold FTP, hot FTP, HFET, and 85 kph,  from highest to lowest "total"




IHC.




     Trap-catalysts reduced the IHC emissions of the Fiat N.A.  and T.C.




diesels in all cycles and with both fuels,  except in the NYCC and 85 kph




using EM-469-F with the Fiat T.C./trap configuration.  For some reason,




propane in larger quantities than usual was found in these two cycles,




thereby causing greater "total" IHC values.  Nevertheless, the average




effective reduction of "total" IHC emissions with the use of the catalytic




traps on the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels amounted to 70 and 48 percent,




respectively.  By comparison, the average  reductions in FID "total" HC




with catalytic trap (Table 21) were 91 percent on the Fiat N.A. diesel




and 79 percent on the Fiat T.C. diesel.




B.   A3 dehydes




     The emission rates of ten aldehydes and ketones consisting of form-




aldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, acrolein, propionaidehyde, isobutyraldehyde,




methylethylketone, crotonaldehyde, hexanaldehyde, and benzaldehyde were




measured in this project.  The aldehydes and ketones are formed by the




partial oxidation of the fuel hydrocarbons.  Acetone, acrolein, and pro-




pionaidehyde were not resolved from each other using the normal gas




chromatographic operating conditions  and all tnree have been reported




together as acetone.



     The individual run summaries for aldehyde emissions from each vehicle






                                     83

-------
configuration, cycle, and fuel are presented in Appendix H, Tables H-l




through H-10.  The only aldehydes detected in the vehicles exhaust during




this study were formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, isobutyraldehyde,




methylethyIketone, and benzaldehyde.  The emission rates of benzaldehyde




could not be measured accurately in this project due to interferences in




the analysis procedure.  In addition, as seen in Tables H-2 through H-6




and Table H-10, the isobutyraldehyde emissions were much higher than




expected.  These unexpectedly high isobutyraldehyde emission rates were




of concern to the Project Officer, and at this request, the two NYCC




aldehyde samples listed in Table H-2 were dried and shipped to Mr. Frank




Black at EPA/RTP for their analysis using HPLC and mass spectroscopy




techniques.  A copy of the letter to Mr. Black describing the two NYCC




samples and their drying technique is presented in Appendix H.  Since the




identities of the isobutyraldehyde and benzaldehyde have not.been confirmed




in this study, their emission rates in various summaries of Appendix H are




included for information only.  Further, the two compounds are not included




in the "total" aldehyde emission rates found in the same summaries.




     Formaldehyde was the only aldehyde detected <
-------
portion of the "total" aldehydes evaluated, and at times was also the




only aldehyde detected.  The highest formaldehyde emissions were those




from the Fiats without aftertreatment, but more so with the naturally-




aspirated configuration.  With trap use, formaldehyde was reduced by




more than 53 percent on the naturally-aspirated Fiat, and by more thar




43 percent on the turbocharged Fiat.  The FTP formaldehyde emissions on




the Fiats without after-treatment were generally comparable to those




found with a 1977 non-catalyst gasoline car in another EPA study




conducted at this laboratory.  In the same study     , low mileage 1978




oxidation catalyst-equipped gasoline cars produced FTP formaldehyde




emissions similar to those found with the trap-equipped Fiats and the




Cutlass.




     "Total" aldehydes were consistently highest overall from the




naturally-aspirated
                                     84a

-------
TABLE 22.  SUMMARY OF AVERAGE FORMALDEHYDE AND "TOTAL" ALDEHYDES EMISSIONS FOR
          FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
Trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
• Trap
Cutlass
Measured
Aldehydes
Forma Idehyde
"Total"
Formaldehyde
"Total"
Formaldehyde
"Total" '
Formaldehyde
"Total"
Formaldehyde
"Total"
Average Aldehydes Emission Rates (mg/km) by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP '
EM-329-F
8.0
12
1.7
1.7
2.2
7.0
0
0
1.0
1.0
SM-469-F
7.8
8.1
2.4
2.4
5.3
5.3
0.55
0.55
1.1
1.1
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
6.5
12-
0.75
0.75
1.8
11
0
0
1.2
1.2
EM-469-F
12
13
1.4
1.4
5.2
5.2
0
0
0
0
HFET
EM-329-F
4.4
7.2
0
0
0.55
1.4
0
0
0
0
EM-469-F
1.6
1.6
0.75
0.75
0.10
0.10
0
0.49
0
0
NYCC
EM-329-F
13
40
0
0
6
6
3.4
20
0
6
EM-469-F
19
24
0
0
9
9
0
12
0
0
85 ken
EM-329-F
1.5
5.2
0
0
0.31
3.1
0
0
0
0
EM-469-F
2.0
3.3
0
0
0
0
0
0.70
0
0

-------
Fiat without aftertreatment.  The turbocharged Fiat without aftertreatment



gave second highest "total" aldehyde emissions in the cold FTP and hot FTP with both




fuels.  The lowest "total" aldehydes were mainly associated with the Fiat




N.A./trap, Fiat T.C./trap, and Cutlass diesels.  Although fuel and driving




cycle influences on "total" aldehydes were not too apparent,  the




available data show clearly that the highest "total" aldehydes with the  Fiat




iM.A. diese^ and also the Fiat T.C.  trap configuration occurred in the NYCC with both




fuels.  Also, aldehydes on the Cutlass were found only during the cold FTP




with both fuels, and on the hot FTP with EM-329-F.




     The use of a catalytic trap on the Fiat N.A. diesel reduced "total"




aldehydes overall by 53 percent in one case, and by more tnan 86 percent in most




cases.  On tne Fiat T.C./trap configuration, "total" aldehydes were reduced by




90  percent or higher in the co.ld and hot FTP with both fuels; however some aldehyde




increases were obtained on the NYCC with both fuels for the same vehicle configuration



 C.    Ammonia




      Ammonia  is a toxic gas found  in diesel engine  exhaust by the reduction




 of nitrogen.   In this  project,  ammonia was  sampled  only during the cold FTP




 and hot FTP but using  all vehicle  configurations and both test fuels.   The




 ammonia results are listed in Table 23.




      With both test cycles and  fuels,  ammonia emissions were highest from




 the naturally-aspirated Fiat having no aftertreatment.   The  vehicle's




 ammonia emission rates of 118 mg/km on the  cold FTP and 27 ing/km on the




 hot FTP EM-469-F were  substantially larger  than those from the other




 vehicles,  none of which exceeded 10 mgAm.   No other strong  trends were




 apparent.
                                     86

-------
        TABLE 23.   AMMONIA FTP RESULTS FOR FIAT N.A. ,  FIAT T.C.,  AND
                       1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS

Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A. /trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C. /trap
Cutlass
Ammonia Emission Rates (mg/k.nO by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP
EM-329-F
8.3
3.8
3.7
0.70
0.0
EM-469-F
118
5.4
0.43
1.2
9.3
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
8.1
3.8
4.5
3.1
3.2
EM-469-F
27
1.5
1.5
3.1
6.3
D.   Phenols

     Twelve phenols were measured in this project, namely phenol,

salicylaldehyde, m-cresol, p-cresol, p-ethylphenol, 2-isopropylphenol,

2,3-xylenol, 3,5-xylenol, 2,4,6-trimethylphenol,  2-n-propylpnenol,

2,3,5-trimethylphenol, and 2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenoi.  Several phenols

were grouped together because they could not be resolved individually with

the present G.C procedure.  The compounds m-cresol and p-cresol formed  one

group, and p-ethylphenol, 2-isopropylphenol, 2,3-xylenol, 3,5-xylenol,  and

2,4,6-trimethylphenol formed a second group herein designated "Group Five".

The individual run summaries for phenols from each vehicle configuration,

cycle, and fuel are presented in Appendix I, Tables 1-1 through 1-10.

     At the initiation of this project, both filtered and unfiltered

sampling of phenols was conducted to determine which sampling procedure

would provide better results.  It was believed that filtering the parti-

culate out of the exhaust sample at 190°C (375°F) could help to keep the

sample-clear of particulate, thereby causing less interferences.  The
                                    87

-------
unfiltered sample was also considered because it was thought that the phenols

present in the particulate would be extracted in the sampling impinger.

However, no clearly defined trend emerged from the study to establish either

sampling procedure as providing smaller interferences or greater sensitivity.

This conclusion is better illustrated in Table 24 by. comparing average

"total" phenols calculated from individual phenols results in Tables 1-1

and I-2.  The phenols were obtained in the filtered and unfiltered sampling

modes, using the two test fuels and the naturally-aspirated Fiat without

aftertreatment.
     TABLE 24.  AVERAGE "TOTAL" PHENOL (FILTERED AND UNFILTERED) RESULTS
             BY TEST CYCLE AND FUEL, FIAT N.A. WITH NO CATALYST
Fuel Code
EM-329-F
EM-469-F

Filtered
Sampling
Yes
No
Yes
No
Composite 4-bag
FTP , mg/km
8.0
8.3
16.
13.
HFET,
mg/km
2.9
5.8
9.4
10.
NYCC,
mg/km
,§3
63
68
64
85kph,
mg/km
2.0
2.6
9.8
2.8
     Based on Table 24 results, the Project Officer approved the suggestion

that the phenol sampling remaining to be completed on the project be conducted

only in the filtered mode in order fco reduce costly, sample preparation and

analysis.  Therefore, the subsequent discussion on phenols refers to results

obtained using filtered sampling only.

     All phenols were detected at least once during this study,  as seen in

Appendix I summaries.  However, the phenol compound appearing more consis-

tently and found in largest quantities throughout this study was 2,3,5,6-

tetrame-thylphenol.   Also more apparent than most other phenols in the overall

                                    88

-------
tests were "Group Five" and 2,3,5-trimethylphenol.  The obvious data scatter




found in Appendix I for most phenols made it difficult to discern a clear-




cut trend in their concentrations and distribution.   However, 2,3,5,6-




tetramethylphenol as compared with the two test fuels among the different




driving cycles was generally highest on the NYCC, and second highest on the




cold FTP.




     A summary of average "total" phenol results prepared from individual




runs in Appendix I is presented in Table 25.  As found with the individual




runs, the average "total" phenols also indicated considerable variation




overall.  Consequently, each vehicle was represented by highest and lowest




"total" phenols found in the study in the various driving cycles.  The




Fiat N.A. vehicle without aftertreatment was the single vehicle showing




increased phenols with EM-469-F throughout the five test cycles.  Increased




phenols were also found with the Cutlass using EM-469-F in the hot FTP,




HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph.  "Total" phenols were highest on the NYCC using




both fuels with the Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and Cutlass diesels.  Phenols




were decreased an average of 73 percent with catalytic trap on the Fiat




N.A. diesel on all cycles and fuels, except the cold FTP (EM-469-F), hot




FTP (EM-329-F), and 85 kph (EM-329-F).  Reduction of phenols with the Fiat




T.C./trap configuration was less apparent throughout the cycles, but it




still averaged 60 percent on the cold FTP (EM-329-F), hot FTP (EM-329-F),




HFET (EM-469-F), and NYCC (both fuels).
                                    89

-------
                  TABLE 25.   SUMMARY OF AVERAGE "TOTAL"  PHENOL (FILTERED)  RESULTS
                   FOR FIAT  N.A.,  FIAT T.C.,  AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS  DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Tiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average "Total" Phenol Emission Rates (rag/km) by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP
EM-329-F
12.
6.6
17.
5.6
7.0
EM-469-F
25.
42.
14.
18.
6.6
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
4.9
11.
34.
6,6
9.7
EM-469-F
8.6
1.9
4.9a
13.
12.
HFET
EM-329-F
2.9
0.74
0.163
23.
0.18
EH-469-F
9.4
1.6
7.2
6.0
11.
NYCC
EM-329-F
63.
24.
48.
oa
24.
EM-46y-F
68.
7.5
58.
37.
65.
85
EM-329-F
2.0
14,
oa
7.8a
0.72
kph
EM-469-F
9.8
2.3
3.0
4.3
1.5
single value, not averaged

-------
E.   Total Cyanide

     Total cyanide sampled in this project included hydrogen cyanide and

cyanogen.  The gases are both flammable and toxic, with the characteristic

odor of bitter almonds.  The cyanides are formed by the reduction of

nitrogen or nitrogen oxides.  The total cyanide emission- rates determined

for the cold FTP and hot FTP cycles are listed in Table 26.  Some total
       TABLE 26.  TOTAL CYANIDE RESULTS FOR FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND
                       1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A. /trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C. /trap
Cutlass
Total Cyanide Emission Kates
\mg/km) by Cycle and Fuel
Cold 'FTP
EM-329-F
0.12
1.0 .
0.30
1.1
0.21
ill-469-F
0.56
0.65
0.87
1.4
0.32
Hot FTP
K*-469-F
.0
.42
0.21
0-47
0.28
EM-469-F -
0.01
0.44
0.37
0.'44
0.13
cyanide emission rates in Table 26 were at the MDV, but most were above

the MDV by at least a factor of three.  The Fiat T.C./trap configuration

emitted highest total cyanide in the cold FTP with both fuels and in the

hot FTP with EM- 329-F.  Also showing lower but very similar total cyanide

emissions was the Fiat N.A./trap vehicle.  The lowest total cyanide of the

study occurred with the Fiat N.A. configuration on the cold FTP with

EM-329-F and on the hot FTP with both fuels.  On the 'cold FTP, total cyanide

was slightly higher with EM-469-F than with EM-329-F on all vehicles except

the Fiat N.A./trap configuration.  Total cyanide differences between fuels
                                    91

-------
in the hot FTP were not too apparent on most Fiat configurations.  Catalytic




traps on the Fiat were generally associated with slightly higher total




cyanide emissions.




F.   Trap-Collected Gaseous Hydrocarbons




     Hydrocarbons were collected from  filtered, dilute exhaust on traps,




and the cyclohexane elutions were analyzed qualitatively by gas chromatograph




for boiling range and for paraffin peaks.  Trap sampling for hydrocarbons




was conducted during the 4-bag FTP, NYCC and 85 kph  for each vehicle confi-




guration/fuel combination.  A single trap was  employed for each test cycle,




including one trap for the entire 4-bag FTP.




     Summaries of the trap-collected gaseous HC data are given in Tables




27, 28, and 29 for the naturally-aspirated Fiat with and without aftertreatment,




the turbocharged Fiat with and without aftertreatment, and the 1981 Oldsmobile




•'Cutlass, respectively.  Since it is expected that gaseous HC are closely




related to "unburned" fuel, gas chromatograph  analysis of the test fuels in




similar format is given in Table 30 for comparison.  The test fuels were




blended in cyclohexane for G.C. analysis.  The data  in Table 30 show little




difference in boiling range between fuels, but most  of the fractional




distillation points a few degrees higher for EM-469-F.




     The HC boiling range of the Fiat  N.A. diesel without aftertreatment




in Table 27, as compared to the fuel data in Table 30, had a higher heavy




end for each cycle and fuel.  The average end  point  temperature of the HC




was 463°C, compared to 436°C obtained  for the  two fuels themselves.




Generally, trapped hydrocarbons showed a tendency towards lower boiling




temperatures for light end than the fuels themselves, especially in the NYCC.






                                    92

-------
 TABLE 27.  SUMMARY OF GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS  OF TRAP-COLLECTED
       GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS, FIAT N.A. DIESEL WITH AND WITHOUT
                         EXHAUST AFTERTREATMENT
Weight
% off

4-Bag
EM-329-F
Temperature in C°
FTP
EM-469-F
by Cycle and Fuel
NYCC
EM-329-F
EM-469-F
85 kph
EM-329-F
EM-469-F
                          Without Aftertreatment
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
30
90
°b
100 (EP)
157
218
231
247
278
309
364
398
416
466
154
197
208
232
2bS
305
368
398
416
453
154
156
195
197
230
265
320
368
401
458
152
155
166
197
265
312
382
420
440
465
153
173
196
229
258
296
358
395
418
472
153
156
195
216
275
329
393
420
439
463
                          With Catalytic Trap
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
80
90
95
100 (EP)
153
184
196
2JO
265
320
395
427
442
463
127
138
166
226
341
385
415
427
432
437
193
215
259
323
371
412
453
475
490
513
127
137
159
257
359
396
419
429
433
437
193
212
254
328
373
412
449
470
483
506
127
133
147
203
348
391
418
428
433
437
ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation
                                93

-------
 TABLE 28.  SUMMARY OF GAS ''HROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS  OF TRAP-COLLECTED
      GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS, t'lAT T.C. DIESEL WITH AND WITHOUT
                        EXHAUST ftFTERTREATMENT
Weight
% off
Temperature in C° by Cycle and Fuel
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
EM-469-F
NYCC
EM-329-F \ EM-469-F
85 kph
EM-329-F
EM-469-F
Without Af
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
80
90
95
100 (EP)
133
138
150
176
229
271
309
346
367
402
133
139
152
178
229
271
309
347
370
404
132
136
140
153
192
'245
300
337
367
504
tertreatment
132
135
139
150
181
232
289
320
350
406
132
135
139
154
205
280
352
405
494
504
132
135
140
156
209
275
327
364
403
502
                         With Catalytic Trap
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
80
90
95
100 (EP)
112
121
131
164
204
242
289
326
375
'419
112
112
113
116
130
' 178
250
289
310
356
112
113
116
122
142
181
252
308
348
414
112
114
117
124
148
197"
270
322
367
399
• 112
115
119
128
166
262
376
393
411
420
112
114
116
122
139
171
249
306
345
392
ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation
                                94

-------
 TABLE 29.  SUMMARY OF GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS3 OF TRAP-COLLECTED
        GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS, 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL,
                     FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Weight
% off
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
80
90
95
100 (EP)
Temperature in C° by Cycle and Fuel
4-baq FTP
EM-329-F 1 EM-469-F
94
114
140
205
305
471
490
496
499
500
93
99
118
138
194
244
302
339
360
385
NYCC
EM-329-F
92
98
108
137
226
308
491
497
499
500
EM-469-F
92
96
102
120
168
212
262
298
313
348
85 kph
EM-329-F
92
97
102
122
179
242
295
323
347
385
EM-469-F
93
97
110
141
214
275
320
350
364
385
ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation
        TABLE 30.  SUMMARY OF GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS
                 EM-329-F AND EM-469-F DIESEL FUELS
OF
Weight
% Off
0 (IBP)
5
10
20
40
60
80
90
95
100 (EP)
Temperature in C° by Fuel
EM-329-F
155
200
217
244
276
300
330
359
376
435
EM-469-F
153
204
224
251
280
305
345
368
386
438
                   ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation
                                95

-------
     Changes in HC boiling range were apparent with catalytic trap use




on the naturally-aspirated Fiat as compared to the same vehicle without




aftertreatment in Table 27.  With the trap and fuel EM-329-F, the boiling




range was similar on the FTP, but was shifted higher on the Ni'CC and 85 kph.




Using the catalytic trap, the EM-469-F HC heavy and light end coiling tem-




peratures were shifted lower on all cycles by about 24°C, but the mid-range




components showed boiling temperature increases.




     A comparison of HC boiling range in Table 2(3 obtained for the turbo-




charged Fiat without aftertreatment and the fuel data in Table 30 shows a




consistently lower initial boiling point for HC than for fuels.  With the




gaseous HC, the end point was lower than that of the fuel in the 4-bag FTP




with both fuels, and in the NYCC with EM-469-F.  Somewhat higher HC end




points than fuel end points were noted in the NYCC with EM-329-F, and in




the 85 kph with both fuels.  Mid-range boiling temperatures were lower for




the HC than for the fuel especially in the 4-bag FTP and NYCC, with both




fuels.




     The use of a catalytic trap on the turbocharged Fiat (Table 28)




generally lowered the gaseous HC boiling ranges.  The decrease in the




initial boiling point for each cycle and fuel was very consistent at 20°C.




An increase in the end point was noted for the vehicle with trap in the




4-bag FTP.




     The gaseous HC initial boiling point of the Cutlass (Table 29), as




compared to fuel boiling range results (Table 30), was lower by about 60°C




on each cycle and test fuel.  The end point w^s also approximately 60°C




lower for gaseous HC in the FTP and NYCC with EM-469-F, and in the 85 kph






                                    96

-------
with both fuels.  The mid-range and heavy-end HC temperatures in the 4-bag



FTP and NYCC with fuel EM-329-F were higher than the fuel.



     Summaries of the paraffin peaks detected during the boiling range



determination of trap-collected gaseous hydrocarbons are provided in



Appendix J, Tables J-l (EM-329-F) and J-2 (EM-469-F).  Generally, more



paraffin peaks were detected in the 4-bag FTP, which may have been related



to sample size, since more dilute exhaust is passed through the traps



during this cycle than the other cycles.



     Data in Tables J-l and J-2 indicated that the type and relative amount



of paraffin peaks between fuels alone were very similar.-  The fuels indicated



paraffin peaks between Cg and C,/ with  the. strongest peaks concentrated



between C.. . and C1ft.  In the HC study, more paraffin peaks were detected



using the Fiat N.A. diesel without aftertreatment, and they were very



consistently of the same type found with the too f'jels between C'  and C_..



Compared to fuel results, the relative abundance of C.., through C.g HC peaks



for the Fiat N.A. diesel without aftertreatment was. lower with all cycles



and fuels.  Results for the catalytic trap-equipped Fiat N.A. diesel,



compared to the same vehicle without aftertreatment indicated fewer



paraffin peaks especially for the 4-bag FTP with EM-469-F and the NYCC and




85 kph with both fuels.



     Trapped HC from the Fiat T.C. without aftertreatment showed the same



number and type of paraffin peaks as the corresponding fuels between C



and C   on the 4-bag FTP.  When the trap was used with fuel EM-469-F,




fewer peaks (only C.. , C    and C..,.) were found.
                   J.Z   J.4 f      J.O


     On the Cutlass, more paraffin peaks were found overall with EM-469-F



than with EM-329-F.  Idenitcal peaks detected ort the 4-bdg FTP with both



                                    97

-------
 fuels were Cg,  C^, C^, Clg, and C24.  The NYCC with fuel EM-469-F had




 more peaks than with EM-329-F and they were mostly concentrated in the C _




 through C.g region.




 G.   Organic Sulfides




     Organic sulfides measured in this project were carbcnyl sulfide, methyl




 sulfide, ethyl sulfide, and diwethyl disulfide.    The organic sulfides are




 malodorous compounds, producing odors similar to rotten eggs.  Individual




 test results for organic sulfides as obtained with the five vehicle confi-




 gurations, two test fuels, and four test cycles  (cold FTP, hot FTP, HFET,




 and NYCC) are provided in Appendix K.  A single run at 85 kph, obtained




 early in the program, is included for comparison in Table K-l.




     Dilute exhaust sampling  at 125 m£/min  for organic sulfides, as used




 at the initiation of this program, collected so much sample in the traps




 that-the FPD detector was saturated.  Subsequently, the sampling flowrate




 was reduced to 41 mZ/min.  Some samples continued to be saturated, but




 further reduction of sample flow rate would have unnecessarily lengthened




 the residence time of the sample in the sampling interface.  Other sampling




 configurations were tried, but gave inconsistent data.  The Project Officer




 concurred with the plan that  no further procedural development work for




 organic sulfide sampling take place, and that the sampling rate be main-




 tained at 41 mVmin during the remainder of the program.




     Individual test results  for organic sulfides included in Appendix K




 indicated that carbonyl sulfide and methyl  sulfide were found consistently




.in the dilute exhaust with all vehicle configurations, fue.ls, and test cycles.




 In addition, carbonyl sulfide was generally present in noticeably larger






                                     98

-------
concentrations than methyl sulfide.  Ethyl sulfide and dimethyl disulfide

were found in low concentrations but only for the Fiat N.A. diesel with and

without aftertreatment, using fuel EM-329-F as shown in Tables K-l and K-3.

     A summary of average "total" organic sulfide results prepared using

emissions data in Appendix K is presented in Table 31.  The highest organic
        TABLE 31.  SUMMARY OF AVERAGE "TOTAL" ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS
        FOR FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Average "Total" Organic Sulfide Emission Rates (mg/kmj by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP
EM-329-F
14. a
39.
32.
16.
44.
EM-469-F
16.
27.a
20.
39.
81.
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
16.a
31.
33.
23.a
34.S
EM-469-F
22.
19.a
28.
23.
56.
HFET
EM-329-F
16.
8.5
22.
13. '
25.
EM-469-F
8.9
14.3
13.
18...
. 27. a
NYCC
EM-329-F
152.
172.
160.
130.
163. a
EM-469-F
120.
93. a
111.
178. .
196.
 Single test only


sulfide emissions were those of the Cutlass for all cycles and fuels except

in the NYCC withEM-329-F.  The Fiat N.A. diesel with ar.d without aftertreatment

usually  emitted  the  lowest  organic - sulfide  emissions  of  the    study.

On all vehicles and fuels, higher concentrations of organic sulfides were found in

the NYCC than in the other driving cycles.  Although strong emission trends

did not develop  between the two test fuels, the Fiat T.C. diesel without

aftertreatment did emit lower organic sulfides with EM-469-F than with

EM-329-F in all cycles.  Organic sulfides were also higher over all cycles
                                     99

-------
with the Cutlass using EM-469-F.  No emission trends were apparent with
catalytic trap use on the Fiat N.A. and T.C. diesels.
H.   Hydrogen Sulfide
     Hydrogen sulfide was measured during the cold FTP, hot FTP, HFET, and
NYCC driving cycles employed in this project.  Hydrogen sulfide is a toxic
gas with the characteristic: odor of rotten eggs, and one of the lowest odor
thresholds known.
     Although early tests in this project using the naturally-aspirated Fiat
without aftertreatment indicated the vehicle emitted hydrogen sulfide,
later findings showed that sulfur dioxide was more clearly the pollutant
actually detected.  Overall, no hydrogen sulfide was found in the dilute
exhaust of the five test vehicle configurations employed.  The compound,
if present in the dilute exhaust, was well below the MDV listed in Table 8
for hydrogen sulfide.
I.   Organic Amines
     The organic amines are possible reduced nitrogen exhaust products
havir.g an offensive fish type odor at low concentrations.  The amines may
also be intermediates in the formation of nitrosamines, known carcinogens.
Organic amines, analyzed for in vehicle raw exhaust during the 85 kph
steady-state in this project, included methylaaine, ethylamine, dimethyl-
amine, trimethylamine, diethylamine, and triethylamine.  Ethylawine and
dimethylamine could not be analyzed separately, so that emission rates
for these two components are both reported under ethylamine in this
discussion.
     A summary of organic amines results obtained with the five vehicle
configurations and the two test fuels is presented in Table 32.
                                    100

-------
     TABLE 32.   SUMMARY OP ORGANIC AMINES RESULTS AT 85 KPH STEADY-STATE

       WITH FIAT N.A.,  FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
Organic Amine
Measured4
Methylamine
Ethylamine
Trimethy lamine
Methylamine
Ethylamine
Trimethy lamine
Methylamina
Ethylamine
Trimethy lamine
Methylamine
Ethy lamina
Trimethy lamine
Methylamine
Ethylamine
Trimethy lamine
Organic Amines Emission Rates in Ug/ra3 (ppm)
Raw Exhaust bv Fuel
EM-329-F
9.2
19.
12.
0
5.2
6.4
0
0
0
21.
107.
0
0
0
0
(0.007)
(0.01)
(0.005)
(0)
(0.003)
(0.003)
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0.016)
(0.057)
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0)
EM-469-F
0 (0)
0 (0)
0 (0)
1.5 (0.001)
0 (0)
6.4 (0.003)
0 (0)
0 (0)
0 (0)
20. (0.015)
90. (0.048)
2.8 (0.001)
0 (0)
0 (0)
0 (0)
 diethylamine and triethylamine sampled for, but were not found in any

 vehicle
Diethylamine and triethylamine were not detected throughout the study.



Organic amines, when detected, were generally found at low concentrations.



Qualification of the organic amj.nes procedure, conducted earlier at this


          (8)
laboratory   , showed that recovery (particularly of methylamine) was



quite low when sampling from a dilution tunnel.  It is assumed that the



raw samples are faced with the same problem, but no attempt was made to



correct for losses.



     No organic amines were detected with the Fiat N.A. diesel without



aftertreatrerit using EM-469-F, the Fiat T.C. diesel without aftertreatment
                                    101

-------
using either fuel, or the Cutlass using either fuel.  The highest concen-

trations of methylaniine and ethylamine found    during the study were emitted

by the Fiat T.C. with catalytic trap.

J.   N-Ni.trosamines

     Seven N-nitrosamines measured in this project using ThermoSorb/ N traps

were earlier identified in this report (Section IV, A) as N-hitrosodimethyl-

amine (NDMAl, N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), N-nitrosodipropylamine (NDPA)

N-nitrosodibutylamine (NDBA), N-nitrosopiperidine  (NPIP), N-nitrosopyrrolidine

(NPYR), and N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR).  The N-nitrosamines were sampled

over a test sequence consisting of a 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph.

In order to enhance the detection of" the N-nitrosamines in the dilute

exhaust of the various test vehicles, one ThermoSorb/N trap was used during

an entire test sequance employed with each vehicle configuration and fuel

combination as follows:
                Test Vehicle
               Fiat N.A.
               Fiat N.A./trap
               Cutlass
               Fiat T.C.
               Fiat T.C./trap
Fuel Code    ThermoSorb/N Trap Code
EM-329-F
EM-469-F

EM-329-F
EM-469-F

EM-329-F
EM-469-F

EM-329-F
EM-469-F

EM-329-F
EM-469-F
17700
.17701

17703
17692

17693
17694

17695
17696

17698
11824
                                    102

-------
     All ThermoSorb/N Traps used in this project were analyzed by the Thermo




Electron Corporation in Waltham, Massachusetts employing either GC-TEA or




HPLC-TEA instrumental analysis, as each sample required.  Each trap sample




was first analyzed with GC-TEA? and if sample interferences occurred, those




samples were again analyzed with HPLC-TEA.  Interferences were noted in




all samples, except those obtained using the turbocharged Fiat without




aftertreatment.   A detailed list noting sample preparation and instrument




condition used is presented in Appendix L.




     No N-nitrosamines were detected in the ten trap samples previously




described in this section.  Formal reports prepared by Thermo Electron




Corporation on the various trap analyses are provided in Appendix L, and




include the lower limits of detection for the N-nitrosamines employing the




GC-TEA and HPLC-TEA analytical procedures.  The average MDV for N-nitrosamines




using GC-TEA was 0.90 yg/km, and that with HPLC-TEA was 4.4
                                    103

-------
               VIII.  UNREGULATED PARTICULATE EMISSIONS RESULTS

     The discussion of the unregulated particulate emissions results is
included in this section.   Specific topics considered individually include
visible smoke emissions, particle size distribution, particulate composition,
sulfate, trace elements, percent organic solubles, organic solubles compo-
sition, organic solubles boiling range, organic solubles polarity profile,
benzo(a)pyrene in organic solubles, and mutagenic activity of organic
solubles.  Where possible, individual run data axe grouped, averaged, and
tabulated.
A.   Visible Smoke Emissions
     Visible smoke emissions were measured over the first 505 seconds of
the FTP using an EPA smokemeter.  The smoke opacity and vehicle speed
were simultaneously recorded using a 2-pen strip chart recorder.  The
recorder traces were analyzed manually, and are provided in Appendix M,
Pages M-2 through M-ll.  The results are summarized in Table 33.
     Although no strong fuel trends emerged in the smoke data, the Fiat N.A.
diesel with and without aftertreatment did produce slightly lower smoke
with EM-469-F.  The cold start peak and cold idle smoke were highest for
the Fiat T.C. diesel without after^.reatir.ent on both fuels.  Highest smoke
on the 1st accel peak was emitted by the Fiat T.C. diesel without aftertreatment
on EM-329-F and by the Cutlass with EM-469-F.  Overall, the lowest and
highest smoke emitters using both fuels at the conditions of Table 33,
we-e the Fiat N.A. dies-el with catalytic trap and the Fiat T.C. diesel without
aftertreatment, respectively.  The use of catalytic trap on the naturally-
aspirated and turbocharged Fiats generally reduced visible smoke emissions
with both test fuels.
                                    104

-------
TABLE 33.  VISIBLE SMOKE DATA FOR FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND
              1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Condition
Cold start peak
Cold Idle
(after start)
1st accel. peak
Idle @ 125 sec
Accel, peak @
•164 sec.
Smoke, PHS % by Vehicle and Fuel
Fiat N.A. .
EM-329-F
55.5
1.0
17.5
1.0a
13.53
EM-469-F
38.0
1.0
23.0
1.0
7.0
Fiat N. A. /Trap
EM-329-F
18.0
1.0
5.5
1.0
5.0
EM-469-F
13.0
0.3
3.8
0.2
3.5
Fiat T.C.
EM-329-F
69.0
25.0
46.2
0.6
12.0
EM-469-F
82.7
40.0
33.0
0.6
18.2
Fiat T.C. /Trap
EM-329-F
18.0
22.0
1.7a
0.2a
4.73
EM-469-F
34.2
20.0
0.7
0.5
2.8
j
Cutlass
EM-329-F
3.2
1.5
21.5
5.4
18.0
EM-469-F
4.5
1.5
44.5
4.5
17.0

-------
B.   Particle Size Distribution
     Aerodynamic sizing of the particulate matter, performed during the
4-bag FTP with the five vehicle configurations and two fuels, was accom-
plished using a Sierra Model 220 cascade impactor.  The precision of particle
sizing by the impactor may have been decreased by the  occasional sticking
of the back-up filter to its o-ring seal, and by difficulty in weighing
some very small net weight gains on individual impactor stages.  One reason
for using the impactor during an entire 4-bag FTP was to enhance the parti-
culate collection on each stage enabling more precise weight determinations.
     Particle size determinations for the 4-bag FTP with each vehicle con-
figuration are presented in Figures 15 and 16 for EM-329-F and EM-469-F,
respectively.  The least change in particle diameter between fuels was
observed with the Cutlass.  Catalytic trap use generally increased particle
size en the Fiat N.A. diesel with both fuels, and on the Fiat T.C diesel
with EM-469-F.  With fuel EM-329-F, particle size was mostly decreased
when the trap was used on the turbocharged Fiat.  One might anticipate that
as the sulfate content of particulate is increased, particle size would
decrease.  The opposite effect was observed, however, since the FTP sulfate
studies with EM-329-F (in Section VTII, D of this report) indicated a higher
fraction of sulfate in particulate with the Fiat N.A./trap configuration and
a lower fraction of sulfate in particulate with the Fial T.C./trap configur-
ation. ...'Therefore, the particle size shifts with the trap-equipped Fiats may
depend more strongly on the different physical and operating parameters of
the vehicles.
     A summary of the carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen content of the parti-
culate matter collected on 47 mm glass fiber filters is presented in Table  34.
                                    106

-------
   9.0
   5.0
1
0)
r-l
0
   1.0
1 1 — =} — . 1
1
•p
±=
T"
•H Leqend —
i 	 Fiat N.A. i=
^ 	 Fiat N. A. /trap -)-*-
:=r _..._ Fiat T.C./trap =±=
•M- — • — • Olds Cutlass — T-

•4-t-p

.



. ,
• i
i j






i




j— --






,
|
• i i




• i



1 i
i '



I •
1 . ,
L'
i '
|!'
II
p '


t"1 	 1"1"

1 ' '


! !



i





i
i i
i 1



1 •












:
j
P|
II
I
II

















! i






]
-rr
' ' '













j




I
.






1










.
i 1
i 1
: ,
~r"





t ;
I :





i 1 !


i
t ' '







h- • • /
— ft-
^— Tf


1








1
..]-; (J
• I 1 i






t
I


l


pH







' ! '


1
1
i '
i
!
i i





i








1 '
I
i
, i
i !
1
1
i


«.





1 	 i—3



i
/
/
i

•
i *
\ • „
i •

1 •
L1




^ ' i
i i ! r,

i

'II



i
'

i

-------
  9.0
  5.0
n


2
o
8
Ed
a

a
r~i Legend —
H5 	 Plat N.A./tran —
="=*
3



• l i
| : T-
"iT"
..U-.

' '

1
TT
1 1 1


-TT-


1 . '
1 ! .
! I : i

1 < I
: 1
•

-




Ttf1


1 ' 1
| '
i 1 .
' |

'




| •

; i •
, .

1 i
j :
. II








1 t h .
: i •
! ;
j !
i !
1 i i
i i




• i • •
1 i i





i ; '
! •
• • Fiat T.C. =
— Fiat T.C. /trap =
•• Olds Cutlass =





, ' 1
1 1
1 ! 1 >
! ; :
I1 '
III1
Mil
'ill








i
i ; - '
; i
. ;







i
1
i





I
i







1 1 1 1




!
;
; |
; '


' 1 '


j-p—
i ' ;





! j j
1!
-L


— I-
Ff
4

—4
-i
-i

! ' ! •
1 1
• 1

; •

1

1
1
-
|
1 '

/ !


-It—
1 ' '
,1 •
ll :
B i ( '
[i
/ ; !
/! ill
-r — ' 	 1
	 1— i—i

m
r
-
' ' i J
F

' • 1 r , 1
r •


'•| | ; |


* *
/i


„' /I ! !
1 1
t

/i
i !
1 1
~Jlt\ \ '''


N
— (-



i






=?=




1











r|
*i • i •
•i '



; i • t






'ii|
,'M

• ''•'





1 i

"H —
i '
i ' •
! 1 '
1 [
| 1
}\\ J
Z-#-
2 	



, ' ]






1 !
1 '
/==
~^~ —
:r=^


i"l


1 1
i t
f.

1








/\
•1 1



l 1 i
1 1 i


^


i


! 1







,
j
i
|
i
i
i

—, 	


' ' _i



; - • !
i l
i
_,_
> *





1
' ' .
1
1 i
!

(

^
,=








; i ]
: ! i
! 1



1 1
i i 1




, . '




, • : i

1 • i
1

=







"vT





i
i
!
















' '
l <
I !
; i
i i
1 l





















!


' '










i
!
i
i
j
	
























> • , ,

ill






1



• 1

1 '








i










• >

  0.5
0)
a,
  0.1
           20       40      60       80    90   95     98   99



                       Cumulative Percent Smaller tha-n ECD
99.9
       Figure 16.  Cumulative particle size distributions by  impactor with

         Fiat N.A., Fiat T.C., and 1981 Oldsmobile diesels.  Fuel  EM-469-F
                                     108

-------
                      TABLE 34.  CARBON, HYDROGEN, AND NITROGEN IN EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                    MATTER FROM FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A. '



Fiat N.A. /trap



Fiat T.C.



Fiat T.C. /trap



Cutlass



Test Cycle
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCCa
85 kph
4-bag FTPC
HFt:Tc
NYCCa
85 kph
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCCa
85 kph
4-bag FTPa
HFETa
NYCCa
85 kphb
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCCa
85 kph
Weight Percent of Particulate by Element and Fuel
Carbon
EM-329-F
78.73
78.32
70.00
81.36
71.24
36.14
45.44
23.35
66.31
57.56
41.98
63.62
90.23
50.64
23.03
49.19
85.60
68.48
63.38
72.62
EM-469-F
75.61
79.70
64.49
81.43
83.75
36.93
68.12
29.89
69.08
58.78
40.80
64.56
87.06
27.51
8.91
32.44
79.02
76.19
70.95
73.07
Hydrogen
EM-329-F
7.12
9.14
6.10
8.96
3.86
3.45
4.57
2.06
5.16
2.95
2.04
2.58
6.91
8.63
11.93
6.05
1.88
2.24
1.69
2.86
EM-469-F
7.03
8.75
5.78
9.14
4.59
4.44
9.97
3.31
5.43
3.51
2.87
3.70
6.97
5.64
12.86
4.90
1.66
2.25
0.86
2.93
Nitrogen
EM-329-F
0.65
0.38
1.00
0.39
0.64
0.62
1.12
0.49
0.54
0.38
0.37
0.59
0.85
0.50
0.29
0.53
0.44
0.39
0.38
0.52
EM-469-F
0.60
0.49
0.87
0.34
0.97
0.61
1.13
0.95
0.55
0.43
0.36
0.48
0.75
0.16
<0.1
0.29
0.28
0.26
0.34
0.49
£ CHN
EM-329-F
86.50
87.84
77.10
90.71
75.74
40.21
51.13
25.90
72.01
60.89
44.39
66.79
97.99
59.77
35.25
55.77
87.92
71.11
64.45
76.00
EM-469-F
83.24
88.94
71.14
90.91
89.31
41.98
79.22
34.15
75.06
62.72
44.03
68.74
94.78
33.31
<21.87
37.63
80.96
78.70
72.15
76.49
o
VO.
     less than 2 mg total particulate on filter with EM-329-F and EM-469-F
    Dless than 2 mg total particulate on filter with EM-329-F
    "less than 2 mg total particulate on filter with EM-469-F

-------
The elemental data for the five vehicle configurations generally showed a




low hydrogen content,  indicative of a dry or soot-like particulate material




rather than an oily material.  The carbon content varied somewhat, but most




cases of low carbon content (such as found in the NYCC) may have been more




indicative of decreased precision in the analytical method.  All samples




in the NYCC contained less than 2 mg particulate/filter, and the particulate




content was least on the trap-equipped Fiats.  Significant elemental content




differences between the two fuels were usually not apparent, especially for




hydrogen and nitrogen.  Carbon content for the trap-equipped Fiats was




decreased in the HFET and 85 kph, as was hydrogen content with the trap-




equipped naturally-aspirated Fiat.  Hydrogen increased in the turbocharged




Fiat with catalytic trap in the HFET and 85 kph.  Part of the particulate




matter unaccounted for by the sum of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen in the




HFET and 85 kph with the trap-equipped Fiats may have been sulfate (S04" ).




Sulfate studies with EM-329-F as, discussed in Section b below, indicated a higher




fraction of sulfate in particulate  for  the Fiats with  catalytic trap in the




 HFET and 85 kph.




D.   Sulfate




     Sulfate is a toxic substance when in the form of sulfuric acid, and




it results from the catalytic oxidation of sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide.




Sulfur trioxide, in turn, is hydrated to sulfuric acid.  The sampling of




sulfate on this project was performed on all Fiat configurations during the




4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph with fuel EM-329-F only.  Sulfate results




are summaried in Table 35.
                                    110

-------
           TABLE 35.   SULFATE RESULTS FOR FIAT N.A. MID FIAT T.C.
                         DIESELS WITH FUEL EM-329-F
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.

Fiat N.A. /trap
Fiat T.C.

Fiat T.C. /trap
Measurement
SO^ , mg/km
SO4= , % of Part.
% Fuel S in SO4=
SC4= , mg/km
SO4= , % of Part.
% Fuel S in S04=
SO£, mgAm
SO4~, % of Part.
% Fuel S in SO4=
S04= , mg/kn
SO =, % of Part.
% Fuel S in SO4=
Sulfate Emissions by Cycle
4-bag FTP
3.1
1.4
0.60
1.6
2.4
0.32
8.7
5.2
1.4
1.7
2.9
0.28
HFET
0.69
0.37
0.18
7.7
18.
2.1
7.8
8.8
2.0
3.3
9.4
0.88 •
NYCC
3.8
1.3
0.43
6.5
4.9.
0.86
9.0
3.9
0.92
2.3
2.8
0.24
85 kph
0.65
0.43
0.17
18.
29.
5.0
6.5
8.4
1.7
5.9
15.
1.6
     On both Fiats, sulfate emission rates for the HFET and 85 kph, as

compared to those for the 4-bag. FTP and NYCC,  were lowest without after-

treatment and highest with trap configuration.   The highest sulfate rates

of the study were emitted by the Fiat naturally-aspirated diese-1 with

catalytic trap during the -85 kph, and by the Fiat turbocharged diesel

without aftertreatment during the 4-bag FTP, HFET, and NYCC.  The catalytic

trap reduced sulfate smission rates on the 4-bag FTP with the Fiat N.A.

diesel, and on all'cycles with the Fiat T.C. diesel.  Sulfate, measured as

percent of particulate, increased with the trap on the Fiat N.A. diesel

during all cycles, and on the Fiat T.C. diesel during the HFET and 85 kph.

The largest increases in sulfate, as percent of particulate/ occurred on

the HFET and NYCC with the trap-equipped naturally-aspirated Fiat.
                                    Ill

-------
  E.   Trace Elements




      Sampling of particulate matter for analyses of trace  elements was  con-




  ducted during the 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph using  the  five vehicle




  configurations and two test fuels.  One 47 mm Fluoropore i-ilter was  used




  to collect particulate during each test cycle, including the use  of  a




  single filter for the entire 4-bag FTP.  The. emission  rates of thirty-one




  metals and other elements were determined in this project.  The metals  and




  other elements measured included sodium, sulfur, vanadium, nickel, cadmium,




  mercury, magnesium, chlorine, chromium, copper, tin, lead, aluminum,




  potassium, manganese, zinc, antimony, silicon, calcium, iron,  selenium,




  barium, phosphorus, titanium, bromine, platinum, strontium. molybdenum,




  tungsten, arsenic, and cobalt.




      Results of the elemental analyses conducted on particulate matter  from




  each vehicle configuration with two test fuels are presented in Appendix N.




  Emission rates below 0.01 mg/km were not reported for  elements studied  in




  this project.




      Nickel, mercury, platinum, arsenic, and cobalt were the on''.y elements




  not detected at 0.01 mg/km or above.  Fourteen elements detected  at  emission




  rates as high as 1.0 mgAm were sodium, sulfur, chromium,  aluminum,




  manganese, lead, zinc, silicon, selenium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, bromine,




  and molybdenum.  Only sulfur and iron were emitted at  or above 1.0 mg/km,




  with emissions not exceeding 3.62 mgAm for sulfur and 1.07 mgAm for iron.




  Over the four cycles and two fuels, the clients detected made up from




  1.3% to 2.1% of particulate rate for the naturally-aspirated Fiat without




.  aftertreatment, 3.1% to 11.8% for the naturally-aspirated  Fiat with  catalytic





                                     112

-------
trap, 1.2% to 1.7% for the Cutlass, 1.3% to 3.0 % for the turbocharged




Fiat without aftertreatment, and 1.8% to 9.5% for the turbocharged Fiat




with catalytic trap.




     Trace elements found most commonly in particulate matter were sulfur,




magnesium, aluminum, zinc, silicon, calcuim, iron, barium, and phosphorus.




Most of the sulfur emitted was likely derived from fuel sulfur, while




possible sources of magnesium, aluminum, and iron include wear products




from the engines and corrosion products from the exhaust, systems,  zinc,




calcium, barium, and phosphorus are possibly derived from lubricating oil.




Over the four cycles and two fuels, more different types of trace elements




were emitted by the two Fiat N.A. configurations and by the Cutlass, than by




the two Fiat T.C. configurations.




     Sulfur and iron generally accounted for more than fifty' percent of the




"total" trace element emission rate in each cycle.  Iron emission'rates were




regularly higher in the 4-bag FTP and NYCC than in the HFET and 85 kph




with each vehicle configuration and test fuel.  Higher sulfur was regularly




emitted on the 4-bag FTP and NYCC than in the HFET and 85 kph using the




Fiats without aftertreatment and both fuels.  The reverse trend in sulfur




emissions was noted for the trap configurations of the Fiats, that is,




decreased sulfur emissions were emitted on the 4-bag FTP and NYCC, and




increased sulfur emissions were emitted for the HFET and 85 kph.  There




sulfur emission trends with cycle type closely paralleled.those of sulfate




observed with the respective Fiat configurations as discussed earlier




in this report.
                                     113

-------
F.   Percent Organic Solubles


     Organic solubles were extracted from particulate collected on 500x500 mm


filters during the 23-minute cold FTP, 23-minute hot FTP, HFET, NYCC, and


85 kph.  The organic solubles obtained were used in the analyses of percent


organic solubles, major elements (C, H, and N) .- G.C. boiling range, HPLC


polarity profile, BaP, and mutagenic activity by Ames bioassay.  Solubles


for use on all analyses except BaP were extracted with methylene chloride.


All solubles for BaP analyses were initially extracted with benzene/ethanol


and were then re-extracted with hexane/methylene chloride according to the


procedures of Section IV, A, 16 of this report.  The discussion in this


section is restricted to the results obtained for percent organic solubles,


while discussions on the other solubles analyses will follow in later


sections of thi^ report.  Representative data on the percent organic solubles


extracted are found in Table 36 for methylene chloride, and in Table 37 for
                        '  (

benzene/ethanol.


     The use of catalytic trap on both Fiats as discussed earlier in Section


VI, effectively reduced particulate emissions on most cycles with both


fuels.  Consequently, a substantial number of additional cold FTP, hot FTP,


HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph tests had to be run using the catalytic trap-equipped


Fiats with both fuels to collect sufficient particulate for extraction of


organic solubles.  Employing the multiple testing ultimately provided


enough organic solubles to meet ail the sample needs for analyses of HPLC


polarity profile and Ames bioassay, plus some of the more important sample


needs for analyses of major elements and G.C. boiling range.  Additional


tests beyond those shown in Table 37 to collect organic solubles for BAP


analyses were not required.
                                    114

-------
                     TABLE 36.  METHYLENE CHLORIDE SOLUBLES OF PARTICULATE SAMPLES FROM
                         FIAT N.A.,  FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.


Fiat N.A./
trap

Fiat T.C.



Fiat T.C./
trap

Cutlass


Measurement
Total Part, g
CH2C12 Solubles, o
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
CI12C12 Solubles, g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
CH2C12 Solubles, g
Percent Solubles

Total Part, g
CH2C12 Solubles, g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
CH2Cl2 Solubles, g
Percent Solubles
Organic Solubles Data by Cycle and Fuel
Cold FTP
EM-329-F
Ov6464
0.3404
52.7
0.85163
0.1036
12.2
0.4525
0.1448
32.0
•
0.1775b
0.0233
13.1
0.7805
0.0774
9.9
EM-469-F
0.5662
0.2824
49.9
0.68223
0.0715
10.5
0.6209
0.2522
40.6
£•
0.1595
0.0233
14.6
0.7876
0.0883
11.2
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
0.6534
0.3721
56.9
0.66313
0.0780
11.8
0.3505
0.1442
41.1
b
0.1205
0.0241
20.0
0.5628
0.0762
13.5 ;'
EM-469-F
0.5383
0.3221
59.8
0.57183
0.0749
13.1
0.4230
0.1907
45.1
f>
0.1208'
0.0083
6.9
0.5418
0.0837
15.4
HFET
EM-329-F
0.6756
0.4500
66.6
0.78103
0.0402
5.1
0.2899
0.0798
27.5
a
0.6446
0.0620
9.6
0.5211
0.0827
15.9
EM-469-F
0.5821
0.3759
64.6
0.32993
0.0336
10.2
0.3099
0.1002
32.3
a
0.7053
0.0453
6.4
0.4917
0.0937
19.1
NYCC
EM-329-F
0.1170
0.0461
39.7
0.30363
0.0276
9.1
0.1105
0.0458
41.4
a
0.6766
0.1159
17.1
0.1667
0.0248
14.9
EM-469-F
0.1282
0.0732
57.1
0.38433
0.0343
8.9
0.1290
0.0457
35.4
a
0.3956
0.1598
40.4
0.70703
0.1062
15.0
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.8935
0.5726
64.1
2.02123
0.0411
2.0
0.4514
0.0939
20.8
a
4.4841
0.0626
1.4
0.6489
0.1176
18. 1
EM-469-F
0.8521
0.5711
67.0
0.73403
0.0331
4.5
0.4395
0.1156
26.3
a
3.7903
0.1072
2.8
0.5809
0.1286
22.1
 multiple tests run to obtain sufficient particulate for use in required analyses
Dadditional cold and hot FTP'S run and combined to collect a total of 1.7598 g
 particulate with 16.5% solubles
°addJ  'onal cold and hot FTP'S run and combined to collect a total of 1.8072 g
 part  culate with 23.0% solubles

-------
                     TABLE 37.  BENZENE-ETflANOL SOLUBLES OP PARTICUTATE SAMPLES FROM
                        FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat H.A./
trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C./
trap
Cutlass
i
Measurement
Total Part, g
C6H6-ETOH Sol', g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
C6M6-ETOH Sol., g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
CeHg-ETOH Sol. g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
C6H6-ETOH Sol. g
Percent Solubles
Total Part, g
C6H6-ETOH Sol. g
Percent Solubles
Organic Solubles Data by Cycle and Fuel '
Cold FTP
2M-329-F
0.6770
0.3177-
46.9
0.1915
0.0269
14.0
0.5348
0.1884
35.2
0..1587
0.0323
20;4
0.7229
0.1039
14.4
EM-469-F
0.5104
0.2258
44.2
0.1906
0.0225
20.5
0.5800
0.3331
57.4
0.1614
0.0301
18.6
0.7555
0.1044
13.8
Hot FTP
EM-329-F
0.5909
0.3699
62.6
0.2387
0.0228
9.6
0.3799
0.1617
42.6
0.1177
0.0258
21.9
0.5380
0.0913
17.0
EM-469-F
0.5163
0.3528
68.3
0.0814
0.0148
18.2
0.3909
0.2187
55.9
0.1194
0.0342
28.6
0.5550
0.0973
17.5
HFET
EM-329-F
0.6500
0.4493
69.1
0.2686
0.0972
36.2
0.3173
0.1049
33.1
0.1032
0.0186
18.0
0.4899
0.1297
26.5
EM-469-F
0.5573
0.3876
69.5
0.1191
0.0300
25.2
0.3096
0.0995
32.1
0.1339
0.0407
30.4
0.5.036
0.1129
22.4
NYCC
EM-329-F
0.1166
0.0613
52.6
0.2^44
0.0178
7.9
0.1127
0.0478
42.4
0.0331
0.0072
21.8
0.1558
0.0256
16.4
EM-469-F
0.1411
0.0759
53.8
0.0413
0.0072
17.4
0.1255
	 a
	 a
0.0304
0.0140
46.1
0.1595
0.0346
21.7
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.8897
0.6941
78.0
0.6199
0.2825
45.6
-0.4598
0.1185
25.8
0.1989
0.0377
19.0
0.6377
0.1753 .
27.5
EM-469-F
1.0112
— a
	 a
0.2925
0.1010
34.5
0.4460
0.1423
31.9
0.2650
0.0815
30.8
0.5820
0.1432
24.6
data not acceptable

-------
     In Table 36, solubles data show that the catalytic trap clearly reduced




the organic solubles content in particulate obtained with both Fiats on




the five cycles and two fuels, but most noticeably on the 85 kph.  The




vehicles associated with highest percent of organic solubles in the overall




methylene chloridei study were the two Fiats without aftertreatment.  The




Fiat vehicles with catalytic trap gave the lowest percent of organic




 jlubles at 85 kph with both fuels.  No clearly defined trends for




quantity of organic solubles with fuel type were apparent in the methylene




chloride data.




     A comparison of the range of percent organic solubles extracted using




methylene chloride  (Table 36) and benzene/ethanol  (Table 37) with the five




vehicle configurations is provided below.






                            Range of Percent Solubles by Solvent
Vehicle
Fiat
Fiat
Fiat
Fiat
N.
N.
T.
T.
A.
A. /trap
C.
C./trap
Cutlass
Methylene Chloride
39
2
20
1
9
.7
.0
.8
.4
.9
- 67.
- 13.
- 45.
- 40.
- 22.
0
1
1
4
1
Benzene/Ethanol
44
7
25
18
16
.2
.9
.8
.0
.4
- 78.
- 45.
- 57.
- 46.
- 27.
0
6
4
I
5
As found with methylene chloride, the benzene/ethanol extracts were also




highest using both Fiats without aftertreatment.  Moreover, the catalytic




trap similarly served to reduce benzene/ethanol solubles in both Fiats.




Compared to methylene chloride data, the benzene/ethanol solubles were




higher for each vehicle configuration, but more significantly on the




trap-equipped Fiats.  This finding may indicate, especially for the trap-



                                    117

-------
equipped Fiats, that a further quantity of polar compounds nob extracted




with methyiene chloride were more efficiently extracted with benzene/ethanol.




G.   Organic Solubles Composition




     Separate samples of organic solubles from the 4-bag FTP, HFET, NYCC,




and 85 kph, run with each vehicle configuration and each test fuel, were




analyzed for carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen.  Organic solubles from the




cold FTP and hot FTP were combined to provide a 4-bag FT? sample prior to




elemental analyses.  The results are given in Table 38, and indicate that




sufficient organic solubles were not available for overall cycle analyses




using the naturally-aspirated and turbocharged Fiats with catalytic traps.




     All of the elemental data are indicative of hydrocarbon-like materials




with numeric H/C ratio between 1.58 and 1.95.  The catalytic trap-equipped




Fiats, and especially the turbocharged Fiat, were associated with the




lowest H/C ratio for the 4-bag FTP.  This result may be indicative of higher




content of unsaturated hydrocarbons present for the Fiats using catalytic




traps.  Also noted with the same Fiats using the catalytic traps were higher




nitrogen content and lower sums of the carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen




content (Z CHN).  The lower E CHN may be indicative  of catalytic action




on hydrocarbons, possibly resulting in more oxygenated products.




H.   Organic Solubles Boiling Range




     The organic soluble material obtained during the cold FTP, hot FTP,




HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph using the five vehicle configurations and two fuels




was submitted for boiling range determination by gas chromatography.  Each




sample aliquot, provided according to vehicle, cycle, and fuel combination,




was redissolved in methyiene chloride prior to analysis  (original extraction






                                    118

-------
                  TABLE 38.  CARBON, HYDROGEN, AND NITROGEN IN EXHAUST PARTICULATE
           ORGANIC SOLUBLES FROM FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C.,  AND 1981 OLDSMODILE CUTLASS DIESELS

Fiat N.A.



Fiat N.A. /trap



Fiat T.C.



Fiat T.C. /trap



Cutlass




4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCC
85 kph
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCC
85 kph
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCC
85 kph
4-bag FTP
HFET
NYCC
85 kph
4-bag FTP
• HFET
NYv-C
85 kph
Weight Percent of Organic Solubles by Element and Fuel
Carbon
EM-329-F
84'. 74
85.14
85.13
84.75
83.05
	 a
—
—
85,29
85.36
85.17
85.25
71.78
—
—
—
84.33
84.19
79.64
84.99
EH— "}9-F
83.90
78.94
85.03
83.88
77.96
—
—
—
85.48
85.25
85.18
85.34
76.63
—
—
—
84.32
84.91
84.69
84.27
Hydrogen
EM-329-F
12.51
13.12
13.02
13.17
12.69
—
—
—
13.28
13.34
13.35
13.41
9.51
—
—
—
12.58
13.78
11.61
:13.12
EM-469-F
12.67
12.08
12.95
12.82
11.22
—
—
—
13.19
13.31
13.08
13.06
10.5.0
—
—
—
12.51
13.05
12.76
13.21
Nitrogen
EM-329-F
0.11
0.10
0.25
0.05
0.49
0.48
—
0.41
0.24
0.16
0.48
0.16
0.49
; —
—
—
0.29
0.28
0.68
0.19
EM-469-F
0.13
0.08
0.12
0.05
0.42
0.50
—
0.41
0.22
0.19
0.29
0.16
0.43
—
0.92
0.27
0.30
0.43
0.39
0.24
£ CHN
EM-329-F
97.36
98.36
98.40
97.97
96.23
—
—
—
98.81
98.86
99.00
98.82
81.78
—
—
—
.97.20
98.25
91.93
98.30
EM-469-F
96.70
91.10
98.10
96.75
89.60
—
—
—
98.89
98.75
98.55
98.56
87.56
—
—
—
97.13
98.39
97.84
97.72
organic solubles not available for analysis

-------
was also in methylene chloride.   The cold FTP and hot FTP solubles were




combined to provide a composite 4-bag FTP sample for analysis.  A number




of blanks and standards were also run to provide background and calibration




information.




     The modified ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation procedure with gas




chromatograph has been successfully used in this laboratory to determine




the boiling range distribution of lubricants and middle-distillate fuels.'5'6^




The same procedure as applied to organic solubles has not been adequately




qualified.  Therefore, using the procedure to analyze organic solubles has




at times resulted in unacceptable data based on what appears to be polym-




erization of samples during storage or even sample chemistry alteration




during actual G.C. analytical runs.  Polymerization apparently limits




sample solubility.  To minimize possible sample storage polymerization




during this prograra, steps were taken to run samples as soon as possible




after preparation or to store them at low temperature while awaiting analysis.




In spite of these precautions taken, some samples analyzed for boiling range




determination showed possible evidence of sample alteration.




     Boiling range data obtained were tabulated according to each vehicle




configuration, four test cycles, and two test fuels.  Results on the Fiat




N.A. diesel without after-treatment and with catalytic trap are found in




Appendix O, Tables 0-1 and O-2,  respectively.  Tables 0-1 and 0-2 are




provided for information only since very low recovery of the soluble material




with the gas chromatograph was observed on the Fiat N.A. diesel without




aftertreatment,  thus generally obviating comparison of its solubles boiling




range results with--chose of the same vehicle using the trap catalyst.




Boiling range results of solubles from the Fiat T.C. diesel without





                                    120

-------
aftertreatment,  Fiat T.C.  diesel with catalytic trap, and Cutlass are pro-




vided in Tables  39,  40,  and 41,  respectively.  Chromatograms given in




Appendix 0,  Figures  0-1  through  0-3,  respectively include an "Altamont"




crude oil standard,  a 4-bag FTP  solubles sample from the Fiat T.C. diesel




without aftertreatment,  and a 4-bag FTP solubles sample'from th^iat T.C.




diesel with  catalytic trap.  The turbocharged Fiat solubles used for the




Chromatograms were obtained with EM-329-F and include a C -C   paraffin




composite internal standard.  Included in Appendix 0 as Figure O-4 is a




chromatogram of  fuel EM-329-F obtained with the ASTM D2887-73 procedure




programmed from  0°C  to 390°C. Each chromatogram in Appendix 0 was referenced




to C-0 through C_g paraffin peaks for ease of comparison.




     The recovery of soluble material by the chromatograph procedure ranged




from 75.4% to 109.8% for the Fiat T.C. vehicle without aftertreatment,




48.1% to 70.9 %  for  the  Fiat T.C. vehicle with catalytic trap, and 76.7%




to 99.4% for the Cutlass.   Previous studies    indicated that the recovery




of the material  ranged between 60 and 90 percent.




     The boiling temperature of  the light-end regions as compared between




the turbocharged Fiat without aftertreatment and the Cutlass were more




similar in the HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph than in the 4-bag FTP.  The 4-bag




FTP light-ends of the Cutlass boiled at lower temperatures than those of




the turbocharged Fiat without catalytic trap.  Major or consistent differences




of boiling range with fuel type  were not observed..   The limited boiling




range results obtained with the  Fiat T.C. diesel with catalytic trap did not




provide a strong basis for comparison with boiling range results of the same




vehicle without  aftertreatment.   The trap-equipped Fiat T.C. diesel, however,






                                    121

-------
          TABLE 39.  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS  OP ORGANIC SOLUBLES IN PARTICULATE MATTER,

                  FIAT T.C. DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

Distillation
Point
IBP
10% point
20% point
30% point
40% point
50% point
60% point
70% point
80% point
90% point
EP
Recovery, %
@ Temperature, °C

4 -bag FTP
EM-329-F
310
374
395
416
440
466
496
546

—
—
76.9
640
EM-469-F
264
3G4
387
411
438
467
502
564
—
—
—
75.4
640 .
Temperature in C° by Cycle and Fuel
HFET
EM-329-F
256
377
400
422
446
472
497
532
595
—
—
84.6
640
EM-469-F
242
372
395
416
437
459
480
502
534
592
—
94.8
640
NYCC
EM-329-F
227
335
360
377
395
417
446
476
509
552
594
109.8
595
EM-469-F
256
346
363
380
401
429
464
507
574
—
—
88.7.
640
85 kph
EM-329-F
236
369
391
410
429
452
477
506
550
608
—
94.4
640
EM-469-F
263
375
395
413
432
453
476
504
552
640
—
89.9
640
ro
to
        modified ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation

-------
          TABLE 40.  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS  OF ORGANIC  SOLUBLES  IN PARTICULATE MATTER,
                  FIAT T.C. PIESEL WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, FUELS EH-329-F AND EM-469-F

Distillation
Point
IBP
10% point
20% point
30% point
40V point
50% point
60% point
70% point
80% point
90% point
EP
Recovery, %
@ Temperature, °C
-Temperatures in C° by Cycle and Fuel
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
292
374
403
434
476
524
—
—
—
—
—
58.4
562
EM-469-F
303
371
394
439
467
506
—
—
—
—
—
68.6
562
HFETb
EM-329-F













EM-469-F













NYCC
EM-329-F0













EM-469-F
292
349
366
384
406
437
486
557
—
—
—
70.9
562
85 kph
EM-329-F&













EM-469-F
296
403
436
470
511
—
—
—
—
—
—
48.1
562
KJ
LJ
     by modified ASTM D2887-73  simulated distillation
     insufficient sample  for  analysis

-------
          TABLE 41.  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS3 OF  ORGANIC SOLUBLES  IN PARTICULATE  MATTER,
                     1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL,  FUELS  EH-329-F AND EM-4G9-F

Distillation
Point
IBP
10% point
20% point
30% point
40% point
50% point
60% point
70% point
80% point
90% point
EP
Recovery, %
@ Temperature, °C
Temperature in C° by Cycle and Fuel
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
250
352
372
394
420
460
512
586
—
—
—
76.7
640
EM-469-F
240
348
366
384
407
440
484
536
600
—
—
87.2
640
IIFET
EM-329-F
267
364
384
403
424
453
492
547
639
—
—
80.1
640
EM-469-F
249
366
386
405
•126
456
497
554
—
—
—
78.8
640
NYCC
EM-329-F
240
346
365
386
419
472
523
585
—
—
—
78.2
640
EM-469-F
251
344
359
372
388
414
455
502
548
591
640
99.4
640
85 kph
EM-329-F
247
369
390
408
424
445
472
505
550
607
—
95.4
640
EM-469-F
268
368
387
403
420
442
472
510
573
—
—
87.1
640
to
     by modified  ASTM D2887-73  simulated distillation

-------
did show somewhat higher boiling temperatures for the light-ends using fuel




EM-469-F on  the 4-bag FTP and  85 kph.   The boiling ranges of the fuels, on the




average, extended from  154°C to 436°C.   Consequently, test results with both




configurations of the Fiat  T.C. diesel  and also the Cutlass indicated an




overall upward shift in solubles boiling range as compared to the boiling




range of the fuels.




I.   Organic Solubles Polarity Profile




     Organic soluble samples extracted  from particulate  with     methylene




chloride were studied to determine their polarity profile (fractionation




by relative  polarity).  A solubles sample from each vehicle, cycle, and




fuel combination was analyzed  using HPLC as described earlier in this report,.




Composite  4-bag FTP samples were prepared for analysis using the cold FTP




and hot FTP  samples in  combination.  Background and calibration information




was  obtained using a number of solvents ^nd standards specific to the HPLC




procedure.




     .The complexity of  organic solubles composition makes their chromatographic




separation into individual  compounds very difficult.  The principal use of




HPLC enables the separation of the organic- solubles  into a series of




fractions  of increasing molecular polarity.  The HPLC procedure as employed




in this study was only  qualitative, mainly because of the differing response




factors for  each compound and  the quantities of samples injected.  Although




an attempt to quantitate the data was considered impractical, each sample's




HPLC chromatogram was divided  into regions of similar polarity for sake of




comparison (each chronatogram  contains  three traces, one representing the




solvent composition, a  second  representing the ultraviolet detector response,






                                    125

-------
and the other representing the fluorescence detector response).  The first




17 minutes  of a. chromatogram was identified as the nonpolar region, and the




polar region was determined to start after 32 minutes.  The transitional




region was  the section of the chromatogram between 17 and 32 minutes.




The total area for the peaks in each region of polarity was determined with




a planimeter.  A total area for each region of polarity was divided by the




sum of the  total area for each chromatogram.  This value when multiplied




by 100 resulted in a percentage that normalized the chromatogram.




     CRC and related studies   '    suggest that the transitional region




compounds display the highest Ames activity, while the nonpclar region




compounds give the lowest Ames activity.  Generally, as discussed in the




same studies, indirect-acting mutagens were associated more with the nonpolar




region and  direct-acting mutagens more with the transitional and polar




regions.




     Table  42 presents the HPLC data prepared to include the normalized




percent of  chromatogram peak areas with fluorescence and UV detection.




Although the UV data was included only for supplementary information in




this discussion, the UV response like the fluoresence response -"as least




in the transitional area.  In some cases, the UV .response wa.«j respectively




opposite to the fluorescence response in the nonpoiar .and polrjr regions.




For simplicity, the remaining discussion of HPLC results in Table 42 is




concerned only with fluorescence data.




     The highest peaks in the transitional region were found in the




NYCC for the Fiat N.A; vehicle with and without aftertreatment using




•EM-329-F.   Overall highest response Wc:s seen in the polar region




especially  as found with each vehicle using EM-329-F on the



                                    126

-------
                TABLE 42.  NORMALIZED HPLC CHROMATOGRAM PEAK DATA OF PARTICIPATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES
                         FROM FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.


Fiat N.A. /trap


Fiat T.C.


Fiat- T.C. /trap


Cutlass


Chroma tog'raiu
Region"
Nonpolar
Transitional
Polar
Nonpolar
Transitional
Polar
Nonpolar
• Transitional
Polar
Nonpolar
Transitional
Polar
Nonpolar
Transitional
Polar
Normalized Percent of Peak Areas by Cycle and Fuel
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
30b(60)c
14 (1)
56 (39)
31 (62)
14 (2)
55 (36)
27 (62)
14 (3)
59 (35)
39 (49)
13 (4)
48 (47)
37 (65)
1 (2)
62 (33)
EM-469-F
61 (50)
~d<«)
39 (50)
69 '(38)
-- (1)
31 (61)
22 (40)
12 (4)
66 (56)
38 (53)
6 (3)
56 (44)
54 .(37)
— (__)
46 (63)
HFET
EM-329-F
51 (76)
7 (1)
42 (23)
28 (54)
-- (4)
72 (42)
50 (53)
-- (4)
50 (43)
66 (61)
-- (-- )
34 (39)
28 (62)
— (5)
72 (33)
EM-469-F
68 (70)
— (")
32 (30)
10 (41)
12 (8)
78 (51)
42 (63)
1 (1)
57 (36)
25 (44)
2 (3)
73 (53)
40 (38)
-- (4)
60 (58)
NYCC
EM-329-F
36 (70)
21 (1)
43 (29)
13 (52)
23 (4)
64 (44)
24 (44)
— (--)
76 (56)
44 (42)
14 ;7)
42 (51)
41 (67)
5 (3)
54 (30)
EM-469-F
22 (67)
12 (2)
66 (31)
-- ( — )
— (— )
-- (--)
77 (44)
-- (— )
23 (56)
59 (48)
4 (3)
37 (49)
30 (67)
4 (3)
66 (30)
1 85 kph
EM-329-F
19 (52)
13 (3)
68 (45)
18 (46)
~ (9)
82 (45)
44 (47)
— (— )
56 (53)
21 (36)
— (7)
79 (57)
23 (62)
3 (2)
74 (36)
EM-469-F
59 (91)
11 (1)
30 (8)
9 (40)
7 (9)
84 (51)
19 (55)
4 (2)
77 (43)
6 (21)
4 (8)
90 (71)
20 (62).
2 (2)
78 (36)
a Chromatogram region: first 17 minutes is designated nonpolar, 17 to 32 minutes is designated transitional,
  and beyond 32 minutes is designated polar.

b The first value represents the normalized percent of the peak area with a fluorescence wavelength of 418
  run and an excitation wavelength 'at 313 nm..

c. The second value in parenthesis represents the normalized percent of the sample peak area with a UV
  absorbance at 254 run.

^ No peak detected

-------
4-bag FTP and both fuels at 85 kph.  Sample area response between the same




chromatograph regions for the Fiats with and without af tertreatment, shown in




Table 42, were not significantly different aa obtained during the 4-bag FTP




with EM-329-F.  The chromatograms, however, did show some differences




in sample characteristics between the naturally-aspirated and turbocharged




Fiats.  These differences plus other sample chromatographic characteristics




may be seen in Figures  13 through 22, which include chromatograms of a



standard, and of samples from the five vehicle configurations used during the



 4-bag FTP with EM-329-F.




J.   Benzo(a)pyrene in Organic Solubles




     Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is an indicator of the many PNA compounds considered




potential carcinogens in diesel exhaust particulate.  Analysis for BaP was




conducted with organic  solubles extracted from particulate using benzene/




ethanol as previously described in this report.  Sufficient organic solubles




extracts were obtained to represent each vehicle configuration, cycle, and




fuel combination used in this program.  The cold FTP and hot FTP samples




were combined to provide a 4-bag FTP sample for BaP analysis.  The percent




solubles of each particulate sample analyzed for BaP were discussed earlier




in Section VIII, F of this report.




     The BaP emission rates obtained for the various vehicle configurations




are listed in Table 43.  The MDV's of various samples where BaP was not




detected are listed in Table 43, and include results obtained with two




different HPLC fluorescence detectors as identified in the same table.




Most of the BaP studies were conducted usii.g a fluorescence detector with




an improved detection limit, eg., 0.002 yg BaP/filter, employed later






                                    128

-------
            == fluorescence  =
                60
                          50       40       30
                           Time, minutes
                                                 20
                                                  10
Figure 17.  HPLC chromatograms of benzo(a)pyrene,  9-fluorenone,
                          and acridine.
                                       Solvent Polarity = = ^
80
70
60
                       50       40      30
                          Time,  minutes
                                                  20
                                                  10
  Figure  18.   HPLC chromatograms  of 4-bag FTP organic  solubles,
       from 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass diesel,  fuel  EM-329-F.
                              129

-------
=*=; i r—
=M=Sp^=
4 ^"t-^-jV
71";;, |.~Tr±:\







•aviolet
1 i'\-{— I —
1 ! \ — r"
PHEE
iiliy=?
^*j :1 — ^j^* (
frM psp^
_j |- j-Ify
=scence
^T^31^


Sr

V
i
\


^^

s;




3

~
1 1

.".


A-
r^



j=.
^
^^

ii
^.


VP






it;
^V
...




•-
~


fl



^.



\£
?f


^^

-•
T''*'


t*


rr
^_


^l

=.
'v
=

V-
s


pr




^rr
Tt


=.

F^
V
3



1



—

^— -
—



=.

f^-
SK


^ r



z;



=1


rTr


^


3 t












!%
rs













=

5
P












1=
^


3=





rr-



r~^


i!
i
^

N







33

y
2
s;

Si


N








P;

;~


rtH



i


—


=.

=
-

^
T
i


-/j

z^:

j=



"i*

~'.
2


zj
—
*-
**.
        60       50      40      30
                   Time, minutes
                                 20
                                                          10
Figure 19.  HPLC chromatograms of 4-bag FTP organic solubles  from
      Fiat N.A. diesel without aftertreatment,  fuel EM-329-F.
80
70
60
50      40      30
  Tine, minutes
                                                  20
                                                  10
 Figure 20.   HPLC chromatograms of 4Tbag FTP organic solubles  from
        Fiat N.A. diesel with catalytic trap, fuel' EM-329-F.
                               13Q

-------
                                         Solvent Polarity = =
        70
60
50      40       30
  Time, minutes
                                                 20
10
Figure 21 .  HPLC chromatograms of 4-bag FTP organic solubles from
         Fiat T.C. without aftertreatment, fuel EM-329-F.
                                       ¥Solvent Polarity-
                             fluorescence' =
                        50       40       30
                          Time, minutes
Figure 22.   HPLC chromatograms of 4-bag FTP organic solubles
      Fiat T.C. diesel with catalytic trap, fuel EM-329-F.
                                             from
                              131

-------
                        TABLE 43.  BENZO(a)PYRENE  IN ORGANIC  SOLUBLES  OF PARTICULATE MATTER,
                              FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND  1981  OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Fiat N.A.
Fiat N.A. /trap
Fiat T.C.
Fiat T.C. /trap
Cutlass
Bap Emission Rates (pg/Jun) by Cycle and Fuel
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
2.0
N.D.a
1.1
1.3
0.31
EM- 469- 1'
1.1
0.20
3.4
1.6
0.45
HFET
EM-329-F
0.67
i1.D.a
N.D.d
0.02
0.03
EM-469-F
0.86
N.D.d
0.12
0.02
0.15
NYCC
EM-329-F
7.8
N.D.b
3.0
0.12
1.1
EM-469-F
2.9
0.10
30.8
0.20
1.8
85 kph
EM-329-F
0.06
N.D.C
N.D.e
0.007
0.005
EM-469-F
0.23
N.D.e
0.05
0.001
0.05
a O.OlUg/km HDV
b 0.12vig/km MDV
c 0.008|jg/km MDV
limit O.OSyg BaP/filteras analyzed with Perkin-Elmer Model MPF-44A
   detector; used on Fiat N.A. (both fuels) and Fiat N.A./trap
 samples
d 0.0006yg/km MDV ) detection limit 0.002;jg BaP/filteras analyzed with Eerkin-Elmer Model  650
e 0.0003)Jg/km MDV / fluorescence detector; used on Fiat  N.A./trap  (EM-469-F),  and  Fiat T.C.,
                    Fiat T.C./trap, and Cutlass  (both  fuels) samples

-------
in the study versus 0.05 yg BaP/filter employed early in the study.




     Benzo(a)pyrene emission rates given in Table 43 ranged from O.OOlUg/km




to 30.8 pyA«.  "Ji^e BaP emission rate of 30.8 pg/km was obtained on the NYCC




using EM- 469-F  ia  the turbocharged Fiat without aftertreatment, and was




the single Ba? emission rate higher than 7.8 ygAm in the study.  The




extensive use of stop-and-go operation employed on the NYCC may have con-




tributed to the noticeably large BaP emission rate observed. . BaP emission




rates obtained were generally representative of those obtained in an




earlier study    at this laboratory using a 1975 Mercedes 240D diesel and




a 1977 Rabbit diese).




     Highest BaP emissions on each cycle and with each fuel were associated




with either of the two Fiats using no aftertreatment.  Although no strong




relationship was established between BaP emission and fuel type, BaP




emissions were consistently highest  on.. EM-469-F for •.  the turbocharged




Fiat without afteztreatment, and for the Cutlass.  Overall BaP emissions  as




compared between the two configurations of the naturally-aspirated Fiat,




were reduced by more than 82 percent with catalytic trap use.  Reduction of




BaP emissions with use of catalytic trap on the turbocharged Fiat was




53 percent on the 4-bag FTP (EM-469-F), 83 percent on HFET (EM-469-F),




97 percent (average)' on the NYCC (both fuels), and 98 percent at  85 kph




(EM-469-F).




K.   Mutagsnic Activity of Organic Solubles            •




     Methylene chloride extracts of particulate collected on-500x500 mm




filters, as previously discussed in this report, were prepared for Ames




bioassay.   The separate cold and hot 23-minute FTP extract samples for each






                                    133

-------
run were combined to provide a 4-bag FTP sample for Ames analysis employing




tester strains TA1535, TA1537, TA1538 and TA98.  The four strains used on




the FTP samples were run with and without S-9 activation, except for TA1537




run without S-9 only.  The HFET, NYCC, and 85 kph organic extracts for each




vehicle and fuel     combination were tested using tester strain TA98 without




S-9 only.  TA1535 detects base pair substitutions,  while TA1537, TA1538,




and TA98 respond to frameshift mutagens.




     The Ames bioassay response of the organic solubles is summarized in




Table 44.  Detailed Ames bioassay formal reports for each vehicle configuration-




fuel combination shown in Table 44 were prepared by the Southwest Foundation




for Research and Education.  These formal reports are located in Appendix P,




and are individually coded to correspond to the respective vehicle configuration-




fuel code provided in the vehicle column of Table 44.




     All samples showed weak to strong positive mutagen.ic response in Table 44.




TA1535 had the weakest response and TA98 the strongest response generally.




Highest mutagenic response overall was observed with the trap-equipped




Fiats using TA1537, TA1538, and TAS8.  TA98 displayed the strongest response




of the four strains with either fuel in the 4-bag FTP using most vehicles.




On either fuel overall, the 4-bag FTP revertants/ug showed a tendency to




increase with S-9 on TA1535 (only slightly) and TA1538, and a tendency to




decrease with activation of TA98.  Although no consistent trends for fuel




effects on reventants/yg were noted in the overall study, sample  responses




using EM-469-F were somewhat stronger than those using EM-329-F, especially




as noted on the naturally-aspirated Fiat without afterrreatment, the turbo-




charged Fiat without aftertreatment, and the Cutlass.






                                    134

-------
                           TABLE 44.   AMES BIOASSAY RESPONSE  OF ORGANIC SOLUBLES  IN PARTICULATE,
                                   FIAT N.A.,  FIAT  T.C.,  AND  1981  OLDSMOBILE  CUTLASS DIESELS

Vehicle
Plat N.A.
(1A329S.1A4G9)C
Flat N.A. /trap
(lD329klH4C1)
Fiat T.C. /trap
(3B329i3U469>
Cutlass
(^A3i'll.2A460)
S-9
Activation
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
Aver aye Ravertante/|ig Extract9 by Cycle, Fuel, and Teeter Strain
4-baq
EM- 32
TAIS3S
0
0.04
0
0.04
-O.O01
O.U6
O.O2
0.06
-0.02
0.05
TA1537
0.17
--b
1.46
--
0.76
--
2.10
—
0.71
—
-F
TA1538
0.40
0.85
2.20
1.92
1.06
1.41
4.22
1.05
1.39
1.40
TA98
0.82
1.02
3.70
3.00
3. on
1.03
4.06
2.68
3.12
1.07
FTP
EH-169-P
TAIS35
0
0.07
0
0
0
O.06
0
0.06
0.03
0.04
TA1S3V
0.26
—
1.86
—
1.17
—
1.29
—
1.08
—
TA1518
0.60
1.20
2.18
2.81
2.81
2.36
2.54
2.84
1.94
2.33
TA90
1.24
1.32
5.22
3.93
4.03
3.05
2.84
2.42
3.24
3.42
HFET
EM-329-P
TA98
0.77
~
13.86
—
2.08
— •
8.42
—
4.45
—
EM-469-P
TA98
1.09
—
10.56
—
i.22
--
a. 72
—
4.80
—
HYCC
EH-329-P
TA98
0.88
—
5.04
—
1.46
— •
8.04
—
2.00
--
EH-469-P
TA98
0.86
—
3.63
— -
1.09
"
l.51d
~
2.96
—

85 kph
EM-329-F
TA98
0.42
—
11.60
--
1.16
—
8.62
—
2.83
—
EH-469-P
TA38
0.52
—
9.10
—
4.90
—
8.84
—
4.70
—
d slope of dose-response curv«
^ no bioaspay was [xirforMed
c vehicle-fuel code in parenthesis can be referred to sinilarly coded Ames Pon»al
  Report provideU in Appendix P
d
  low Ames response  possibly  related to sample dilution as indicated by high organic extract
  fraction in Table  36.

-------
     As discussed above, the mutagenic response  (rev/tig)' was"found to be significantly




stronger with the trap-equipped Fiats than with the same vehicle configurations




without after-treatment.  It must be kept in mind, however, that the trap-




equipped Fiats also produced less particulate and organics than the.same




vehicles without exhaust aftertreatment.  Therefore, mutagenic response




data in revertants/yg in Table 44 were converted to revertants/km in Table 45




to better assess the mutagenic activity of the organic solubles.




     Approximate high to low ranking order of vehicles with respect to




overall revertantsAm were the turbocharged Fiat without aftertreatment,




the naturally-aspirated Fiat without aftertreatment, the Cutlass, the




turbocharged Fiat with catalytic trap, and the naturally-aspirated Fiat




with catalytic trap.  General reduction of revertants/km were obtained on




the two Fiats with catalytic trap.  RevertantsAm using the catalytic trap




and two fuels on the Fiat N.A.. diesel were reduced by an average of 83




percent on the 4-bag FTP, S3 percent on the HFET, 83 percent (EM-469-F only)




in NYCC, and 62 percent in the 85 kph.  Corresponding reductions of




revertantsAm using the trap on the turbocharged Fiat were 75 percent on




the 4-bag FTP, 68 percent on the HFET, 32 percent on the NYCC, and 88 percent




on the 85 kph.
                                    136'

-------
                              TABLE 45.   AMES  BIOASSAY  RESULTS IN  REVERTANTS PER KILOMETER,
                                FIAT N.A. , FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
Vehicle
Plat N.A.
(lA329klA469)c
Plat N.A. /trap
UB329SJB469)
Fiat T.C.
OA329S.3A469)
Fiat T.C. /trap
<3B329i.3B4t>9)
Cutlass
<2A329(.2A469)
S-9
Activation
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
w/o
w
10^ RevertmitB/kn* by Cyclo, Fuel, and Tester Strain
4-bag FTP
EH- 3 29- F
TA153S
0.0
6.
0.0
0.3
0.0
3.
0.0
0.6
0.0
1.
TA1S37
24.
--b
12.
44.
21.
19.
TA1S38
5f>.
119.
18.
16.
61.
83.
42.
IB.
37.
38.

TA98
1J5.
143.
30.
25.
177.
106.
40.
27.
B4.
53.
EM-469-P
TA153S
0.0
11.
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.
0.0
o.u
1.
1.
TAT5TT
• 41.
9.
102.
17.
38.
TA153B
92.
184.
11.
14.
140.
206.
33.
37.
68.
82.
TA93
190.
20).
27.
20.
403.
265.
36.
31.
114.
120.
BFET
EH-3I9-T
VA9B
86.
40.
64.
30.
92.
EH-4b9-P
TA98'
149.
40.
136.
24.
120.
NYCC
JM-329-F
VA98
93.
103.
153.
128.
106.
EM- 469- F
TA98
189.
32.
125.
64.
182.
85 kph
EH-329-F
TA98
41.
17.
48.
4.5
51.
EM-469-F
TA98
66.
23.
ae.
12.
90.
a calculation Includes particulate mass rates based on 47 mm Pall flex filters
b no bioassay was performed
c vehicle-fuel c--le in parenthesis can be referred to similarly coded Ames Formal
  Rc(xirt provided in Appendix t

-------
                                  REFERENCES




 1.    Code of Federal Regulations, Title  40, Chapter 1,  Part  85,  Subpart H.




 2.    Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule  (Federal Register, Vol.  41,




      No. 100, May 21,  1976, Appendix I).




 3.    New York City Cycle, Designed  to simulate  driving  in downtown  New




      York City.




 4.    Naman, Ted. M., "Exhaust  and Particulate Emissions from Light-Duty




      Diesel Vehicles", Report  of 1981 Investigation?! at Bartlesville Energy




      Technology Center, Final. Report pending.




 5.    Hare, Charles T., "Characterization of Gaseous and Particulate Emissions




      From Light-Duty Diesels Operated on Various  Fuels."  Final  Report,




      Contract 68-03-2440, U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency,  July 1979.




 6.    Bykowski, Bruce B., "Characterization of Diesel Emissions as a Function




      of Fuel Variables."  Final Report,  Contract  68-03-2707, U.S. Environ-




      mental Protection Agency,  April, 1981.




 7.    Federal Ragister, Vol. 45,  Wednesday, March  5  1980.




 8.    Smith, L. R., Parness, M.  A.,  Fanick, E. R.,  and Dietzmann, II.  E.,




      "Analytical Procedures for Characterizing  Unregulated Emissions from




      Vehicles Using Middle-Distillate Fuels."   Interim  Report to the




      Environmental Protection  Agency under Contract 68^02-2497,  Report




      No. EPA-600/2-80-068, April 1980.




 9.    Rounbehler, D. P., et al,  Anal. Chem., Vol.  52, pg 273, 1980.




10.    Levins, P. L., and Kendal,  D.  A.,  "Application of  Odor  Technology




      to Mobile Source  Emission Instrumentation."   CRC Project CAPE-7-6C




      under Contract 68-03-0561,  September 1973.






                                     138

-------
11.    Swarin, S. J., and Williams, R. L.,  "Liquid Chromatographic Determination




      of  Benzo(A)pyrene in Diesel Exhaust  Particulatei   Verification of the




      Collection and Analytical Metnods",  Research Publication GMK-30.27,




      General Motors Research Laboratories,  Warren,  Michigan,  October 197V.




12.    Ames, B., J. McCann and E. Yamasaki,  "Methods for Detecting Carcinogens




      and Mutagens with the Salmonella/Mammalian-Microsome Mutagenicity




      Test."  Mutation Research, 31, pp. 347-J64,  1975.





13.    "Measurement ana Characterization of Diesel Exhaust Emission"  (CRC-APRAC




     Project No. CAPI-1-64),  Chemical Characterization Panel, CRC-Program




     Group on Composition of Diesel Exhaust, Coordinating Research Council,




     Inc., December 1980.




 14.  Federal Register, Vol.  40, No. 126, June 30, 1975.  Subparts I S J.




 15.  Springer, Karl J.,  and Baines, Thomas M., "Emissions from Diesel Versions




     of Production Passenger Cars."  SAE Paper No. 770818,  Detroit, Micnigan,




     September 1977.







 16.   Uroan, Charles,  "Regulated and Unregulated  Exhaust Emissions from




      Malfunctioning -Non-Catalyst and Oxidation Catalyst Gasoline '•Auto-




      mobiles."  Final-Report to Environmental Protection Agency under




      Contract 68-03-2499, January  1980.




 17.   Smith, Lawrence R., "Characterization of Emissions from Motor Vehicles




      Designed for Low NOX Emissions."   Final Report to Environmental




      Protection Agency under Contract  68-02-2497,  July 1980 (ouolished




      March 1981).
                                      139

-------
18.    Smith, Lawrence  R., and  Black, Frank  M.,  "Characterization of Exhaust




      Emissions from Passenger Cars  Equipped  *'ith Three-Way Catalyst Control




      Systems," SAE Paper 800822, Presented  at  the Passenger Car Meeting,



      Dearborn, Michigan, June  1980.







19.   Wade,  W.  R.,  White,  J.  E.  and Florek, J. J., "Diesel Particulate Trap




     Regeneration  Techniques,"  Paper 810118, Presented at the International




     Congress  and  Exposition,  Detroit,  Michigan, Feoruary 1981.





20.    Code of Federal Regulations,  Title  40,  Chapter 1,  P.«rt 85,  Subpart A,




      Sections applicable to 1981 Model Year LIqht-Duty  Vehicles.




21.    Schuetzle, D., Rilev, T.  L.,  Prater, T. J.,  Salmeen,  I..and Harvey, T.  M.,




      "Tl.d Identification of Mutagenic Chemical  Species  in Air ^articulate




      Samples,"  Proceedings of the 2nd international Congress on Analytical




      Techniques in Environmental Chemistry,  Barcelona,  Spain,  November 2J,  ly81.
                                     140

-------
          APPENDIX A

         TEST INSULTS,
     TRAP REGENERATION ON
FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL.
     WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP
        FUEL EM-469-F

-------
TEST NO.   1D2R01   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 730,12 MM 110(29.06 IN HO
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20CIN, 1120)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STIi. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  KCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM-
   CO  BCKCRU METER/RA.'IGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE NETER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRU METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
a,  HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
i  CO  CONCENTRATION PPH
M  C02 CONr.EKTRATIOfl PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS CRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS CRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        DFC. UET  (DRY)
        SCF» UET  (DRY)
        VOL  (SCM)
        SAM BLR (SC«>
        KM   (MEASURED)

   TEST NUMBER,
   BAROMETERf           rtM HG
   HUMIDITY,            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE*        DEG C
     CARBON IiIOXIBEf       G/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTIONf    L/100KM

   HYDROCARSONS.        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDEt     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGENf  G/KM
IDLE.   Vr.ltlC.LC iXICCIONS RESULTS
        PKOJCCT 11-4C74-001

     VEHICLE NO. Hi
     DATE    5.' 7/01
     BAG CART NJ.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVC NO.    J

     DRY BULB TEMP.  27.0 BEG C(C2,0 BEG F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY  9.6 Grt/KG

        IDLE

    706.1  (27,fli
    569.0 (22.4.1
     36.1  (  97.0)
        3469.
     33.7  (  1107.)
     2.5/14/  20,
     4,0/  I/   .').
    17.7/13/  li,
     1.5/13/   1,
    79.O/ 3/ 1.47
     3.4/ 3/  .05
    45.9/ 2/  4ri.
      ,5/ 2/   1.
         9.12
         16.
         14.
        1.42
        45.5
          .31
          .56
        074.8
         2.C2
         2.05
        126.
     .890 (  .377)
    1.000 (  ,974)
        33.7
        7.11
      1C2RC1
       730.1
         9.6
        27.8
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG( 3000. LhS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 i!f>
DIESEL    EM-469--F
ODOMETER  11656 KM(7244
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .'76

-------
 TEST NO.    1B2R02   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5


 BAROMETER 730.12 MM HG(29,06 IN HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  35, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(BEG.  F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGF/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
>   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
 •   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
w   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULAR MASS CRAMS
    KUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCr UET (DRY)
         SCF» UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCH)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBERF
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUHIDITYr            0/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KM
IDLE   VEHICLE  EMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074 001

     VEHICLE  NO.IB
     DATE     5/ 7/B1
     BAG CART f!0.   1
     DYNO  NO,       2
     CVS NO,    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 20.9  DEG C(04,0 DEG F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY  9,1 GM/KG

        IDLE

    706.1  (27,C)
    569.0  (22.1)
     40.6  (105.0)
        3445.
     33.2  ( 1172.)
                                         TEST UEIGIIT   1361.  KG(  3000.  LftS)
                                         ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD    0.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
                                         DIESEL     EM-469-F
                                         ODOMETER 11661 KM(7247   MILES)
                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .95
               7.
               5.
               5.
               1.
             fl,
               1.
   9/14/
 4.3/ I/
 5.8/13/
 1.4/13/
80.7/ 3/ 1.40
 3.0/ 3/  .06
50.5/ 2/
  .O/ 2/
     9,02
      3.
      4,
    1,43
    49.8
      .06
      .15
    870.2
     3.00
     1.15
    125.
  00V ( .879)
  000 ( .975)
    33.2
    7.10
      1B2R02
       730.1
         9.1
        20,9
    1

-------
IDLE   VEIIICLC CMISSION3 RESULTS
                11-4074  001
TEST NO.   1B2R03   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 737.37 MM 110(29.05 IN IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  36. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST. CYCLE

   SLOWER DIF P MM. II20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H2QUN, H20)
   MOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  DCNCRD hETER/RANGE/FPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/FFM
   C02 CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD MCTER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
>  IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
'  CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO? CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC' MASS CRAMS
   CO  MAGS GRAMS
 1  C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS CRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC» UET  (DRY)
         SCF, UCT  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)  '
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

   TEST  NUMBER.
   BAROMETERr           MM HG
   HUMIDITY*            6/KG
   TEMPERATURE,        DEO  C
    CARBON DIOXIDE>      G/KM
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION?    L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONSF        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROCE-NF  G/KM
     VEHICLE  NO. IB
     DATC     5,  7/01
     SAG CART 110.   1
     DYNO  NO.       2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 27.4 DEG C(05,0 DEC F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY  9.6  GH/KG

        IDLE

    706.1  (27. f;)
    569,0  (22.4)
     37.0  (100.0)
        344i.
     33.4  (  HfO.)
      .1/14/    1.
     4.0/  I/    5.
     5.9/13/    5.
     1.5/13/    1.
    70. 7/  3/  1.44
     3.2/  3/   .05
    49. 2/  2/   49,
      .6/  2/    1.
        9.20
        "3 #
          4.
        1.40
        40.7
         -.06
          ,15
        056.1
        3.00
          .74
        125,
     ,092  (  .3C2)
    1.000  (  ,9/5)
        33.4
        7.13
      1D2R03
       737.9
         9,6
        29.4
TEST U'EIOHT  1361, KG< 3000, LIiG>
ACTUAL f;OAD LOAD   0,2 KW( ll.O HP)
DIESEL    EM-469-F
ODOMETER  11666 K«(7250  MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,96

-------
          APPENDIX B

         TEST RESULTS,
FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
    WITHOUT AFTERTREATMENT
  FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
       SUMMARY OF  REGULATED EMISSIONS  FROM FIAT N.A.  DIESEL
          RESEARCH  VEHICLE,  EM-329-F BASE FUEL,  NO CATALYST
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1980)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Particulate , g/mi
Fuel , mi/gal
1A329F
3-bag FTP
12/20
1
0.48
1.63
1.34
0.47
25.6
12/22
2
0.52
1.67
1.32
0.38
28.6
12/23
3
0.48
1.69
1.20
0.38
28.6
1A329H
HFET
12/20
1
0.24
0.72
0.89
0.25
42.2
12/22
2
	 a
	 a
_a
a
	 a
12/23
3
0.24
0.66
0.89
0.29
41.6
12/23
4
0.21
0.63
0.85
0.26
42.9
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1980)
Run No.
HC , g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOx, g/mi
Particulate , g/mi
Fuel , mi /gal
1A329N
NYCC
12/20
1
0.55
2.69
2.01
0.35
20.0
12/22
2
0.76
2.99
2.00
0.42
19.3
12/23
3
1.00
2.93
2.03
0.46
19.0
12/23
4
0.84
3.11
2.03
0.49
17.6
1A329S
85 kph steady-state
12/20
1
0.18
0.55
0.87
— — — —
42.8
12/22
2
0.21
0.56
0.87
0.25
42.5
12/23
3
0.19
0.55
0.85
0.25
43.6
12/23
4
0.18
0.55
0.85
0.26
43.2
data not acceptable
                                 B-2

-------
 TEST NO.   1A329F   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 755.14 MM HG<29.73 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  19.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    PAG NUMBER
    INSCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM.  H20CIN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(D£G. F).
    BLOblER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLCU STD.  CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  CAMPLE hETER/RANGE/FPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION POT
    *OX CONCENTRATION PPM
    Hu  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
  •  C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
  .  C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
         DFCi UET (DRY)
         SCFr UET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER '       1A329F
    BAROMETER    MM HG  755,1
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     3,3
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   22.8
   PROJECT 11-4074-001

VEHICLE NC.lrt
DATE   12/20/80
BAG CART NO,   1
DYNO NO,      2
CVS NO,   3

DRY BULB 1EMP. 22.8 DEG C(73.0 DEC F)
ABS. HUMHITC  3.3 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  K6(  3000.  LHS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU< 11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER 9879.. KM( 6140 • MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .CO
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
716.3 (28,2)
579.1 (22. £)
37.8 (100.0)
13858.
137.7 ( 4S(f3.)
30.0/11/ 30.
2.5/ I/ 3,
42.1/13/ 29.
.8/13/ 1.
38. 4/ 3/ .65
3.5/ 3/ .05
25. 4/ 2/ 25.
.5/ 2/ 1.
20.46
28.
38,
,60
24.9
2.20
6.07
1505.6
5.2D
3.31
,38
1.05
261,2
.92
11,08
504.
5,76
,965 (
liOOO (






2
STABILIZED
723.9 (20.5)
563.9 (22.2)
35.0 ( 95.0)
23768.
237.7 ( 8394.)
15.8/11/ 16.
2.5/ I/ 3.
28.2/13/ 26.
.7/13/ 1.
21, 6/ 3/ .35
3.0/ 3/ .05
15. 5/ 2/ 16,
,6/ 2/ 1.
37.96
13,
25,
,30
14.9
1.84
6.90
1324.0
5.46
1,23
.30
1.11
212.4
.88
9,02
867,
6.23
.959)
,990)
375.4
80-. 42
12.00
10.01

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
716.3 (28.2)
579.1 (22.0)
35.0 ( 95.0)
13874.
138.5 ( 4G90.)
19.7/11/ 20.
2.5/ I/ 3.
31.6/13/ 29,
.7/13/ 1.
29. I/ 3/ .48
3. I/ 3/ .05
19. 3/ 2/ 19.
.6/ 2/ 1.
27.66
17,
28.
.43
18.7
1,38
4.52
1100,1
3,99
1,46
.24
.78
190,8
.69
0.09
505.
5.77
,971 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICIPATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
723,9 (28,5)
584.2 (23.0)
34.4 ( 94.0)
23735.
237.5 ( 6Z&6.)
15.3/11/ 15.
2.8/ I/ 3.
28.0/13/ 26.
.8/13/ 1.
20. 7/ 3/ .33
3.0/ 3/ .05
14. 7/ 2/ 15.
.?/ 2/ 1.
39.69
13,
25.
.29
14.2
1,72
6. -82
1255.8
5.20
0.00
.28-
1.10
202,3
.84.
0.60
866.
6.21
,965)
.990)
376,0
80,43
11.97
3.35
3-BAG (4-BAG)
216.6 ( 213.6)
9.19 ( 9.06)
.30 ( .29)
1,01 ( 1.00)
.83 ( .82)
.290 ( 0.000)

-------
 TEST NO.    1A329H   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
.ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5


 BAROMETER 754.89 MM HG(29,72 IN HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  20. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
    BLOUER DIP P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP.  DEG.  C(DEG.  F)
    BLOWER RESOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT-
    C02 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METTR/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASO GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC. WET (DRY)
         SCFi WET (DRY)
         VOL  (5CM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
CD
    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.         TEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
MFET   VEHICLC EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT H-4074-001

     VEHICLE ND.1A
     DATE   12/20/00
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULD TEMP.  23.3 BEG €(74.0  DEG  F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  3.6 GM/KG

        HFET

    716.3 (20.2)
    579.1 (22.8)
     43.3 (110.0)
       21015.
    208.3 (  73157.)
    23.7/11/  24.
     2.8/ I/   3.
    34.4/13/  32,
     1.0/13/   1.
    39.4/ 3/  .67
     2.B/ 3/  -04
    28,4/ 2/  28.
      ,7/ 2/   1.
        19.94
         21.
         30.
         .63
        27.7
         2.53
         7.35
       2387.5
         8.96
         2.56
        766.
     .950 (  .944)
    1.000 (  .907)
       20Q.3
       47.07
       16.43

      1A329H
       754.9
         3.6
        23.3
        145.3
        5.57

         .15
         .45
         .55
                                                                                              TEST UEIGKT  1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER9902.   KM(6154.
KG( 3000. LKS)
0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
       MILCS)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .81

-------
TEST NO.   1A329N   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL     • NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION H5
BAROMETER 754.89 MM HG(29.72 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  24, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIP f MM. H2CKIN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM",  H20(IN,  H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP.  DEG, C(DEG.  F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES
-------
TEST NO.   1A329S
VEHICLE MODEL
ENGINE 2,0 LU22,
TRANSMISSION M5
                      RUN    1
                    NA FIAT   NOMT
                   CID) L-4
BAROMETER 754.89 MM HG(29,72 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  24, PCT
SAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM, H20aN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)'
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR.
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX,CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        DFCi WET (DRY)
       . SCF* WET (DRY)
        VOL (SCM)
        SAM BLR  (SCM)
        KM  (MEASURED)
ca
a\
TEST NUMBER*
BAROMETER*
HUMIDITY*
TEMPERATURE*
CARBON DIOXIDE*
.FUEL CONSUMPTION*
HYDROCARBONS*
CARBON MONOXIDE*
OXIDES OF NITROGEN*
MM HG
G/KG
DEG C
G/HM
L/100KM
G/KM
G/KM
G/KM
05 KPII VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE   12/20/80
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23,3 DEO C(74.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  4.2 GM/KG

        35 K

    736.6 <29.0)
    584,2 (23.0)
     45,6 (114.0)
       32954,
    323.4 <11418.)
    19.5/11/  19.
     2,6/ I/   3,
    29.8/13/  27.
TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG(  3000.  LCS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER 9922 .  KM( 6167, MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,82
    43, O/ 3/  .73
     2.7/ 3/  .04
    31. 4/ 2/  31,
      ,9/ 2/   1,
        18.15
         17.
         26.
         .69
        30,5
         3.18
         9,03
       4113,6
        15.56
       1200.
     .945 (  .933)
    1.000 (  ,986)
       323.4
       72.43
       28.68

      1A329S
       754.9
         4.2
        23.3   •
        143.4
        5.49

         .11
         ,34
         ,54

-------
CD

•-J
  TEST NO.   1A329F   RUN   2
  VEHICLE MODEL   . , NA FIAT   NOCAT
  ENGINE 2.0 LU22. C1D) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 751.08 MM HG(29.57 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  22. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   FAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER DIF P MM, H20UN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG, F)
   DLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  PCKGRLi METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX 6CKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS

   HC  GRAMS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
   C02 GRAMS/KM
   NOX GRAriS/KH
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION BY CB  L/100KM

   RUN TIME             SECONDS
   MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
         DFCi WET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM DLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/100KM
 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER        1A329F
     BAROMETER    MM HG  751.1
     HUMIDITY     G/KG     4.0
     TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.9
VEHICLE N0.1A
DATE   12/22/80
BAG CART NO.  1
DYNO NO,      2
CVS NO.   3

DRY BULB TEMP. 23.7 DEG C(75.0 DEG F)
ABS, HUMIDITY  4,0 GM/KG
                                                                                            TEST UEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                            ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                            DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                            OBOMETER9963  . KM( 6192 . MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .82
1
;OLD TRANSIENT
713,7 (28,1)
531.7 (22.9)
36,1 ( 97,0)
13849,
130,6 < 4092.)
25.6/11/ 26,
4,5/ I/ 5,
38.0/13/ 35,
1.4/13/ 1,
34, 9/ 3/ .58
3.4/ 3/ .05
22. 7/ 2/ 23.
.7/ 2/ 1.
22,71
21.
33.
.53
22.0
1.70
5,39
1354.9
4.78
1,43
.30
.94
235.5
,83
9,04
505.
5.75
.967
1.000






2
STABILIZED
713.7 (28.1)
584.2 (23.0)
36.1 ( 97.0)
23005,
238,1 ( 0407.)
19,0/H/ 19,
4,3/ I/ 4,
30.7/13/ 28,
1.6/13/ 1.
22, I/ 37 .36
3,3/ 37 .05
15.57 2/ 16.
,8/ 2/ 1.
37.00
15,
26.
,31
14.7
2.04
7.33
1343.9
5,49
1,27
,33
1,18
216.6
,89
8.34
867,
6,20
( ,960)
( ,989)
376.6
83,69
11.96
8.68

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
713.7 (28.1)
584.2 (23.0)
36.1 ( 97.0)
13007.
138,9 ( 4904.)
26,1/H/ 26.
4.3/ I/ 4,
34.1/13/ 31,
1.1/13/ 1.
29. 2/ 3/ .48
3.4/ 3/ .05
19. O/ 2/ 19.
,9/ 2/ 1.
27.51
22,
30,
,43
18,1
1,76
4.86
1096.5
3.95
1.58
,31
.85
191.4
,69
7.36
506.
5.73
.970 (
1,000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KH
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STADILIZED
713,7 (28.1)
584.2 (23.0)
32,8 < 91,0)
23736,
239.3 ( 8451.)
18.3/11/ 10.
4.0/ \l 5,
28.8/13/ 26,
1.0/13/ 1,
21.67 37 ,35
3,57 37 .05
14.87 27 15.
1.07 27 1.
37.72
14,
25.
.30
13,8
1,89
7.02
1300.0
5.18
0.00
,30
1.13
209.6
,84
8.07
867.
6.20
.963)
,989)
378.2
83,69
11.93
7.73
3-BAG (4-BAG)
213,6 ( 211.5)
0.22 ( 8.14)
.32 ( .31)
1,04 ( 1.03)
.82 ( .81)
.233 ( 0.000)

-------
TEST NO.   1A329N   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-A
TRANSMISSION MS
BAROMETER 740,28 MM HG<29,46 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  25. PCT
HAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN, H2Q)
   BLOWER INLET P MM.  HL'QUN,  H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP.  DEG. C
-------
TEST NO.   1A329S   RUN   2
VEHICLE.MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION «5


BAROMETER 748.03 MH HG<29,45 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  23. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIP P MM. H2Q9,
 1.6/13/   1.
43.7/ 3/  .75
 3.I/ 3/  .05
31.4/ 2/  ol.
 1,4/ 2/   1,
    17.01
     19,
     27.
     ,70
    30,1
     3.60
    10.17
   4155.4
    15.38
     4.43
   1200.
 .944 (  ,937)
1,000 (  ,9K6)
   323.2
   71.72
   28,68

  1A329S
   748.0
     4.4
    24,4
    144.9   -
    5,54

     .13
     .35
     .54
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1341.  KG(  3000.  LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B.2  KU(  11,0 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10018.  KM( 6226 .  MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .83

-------
01
TEST NO.   -JA329F   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION MS


BAROMETER 743.97 MM HG(29.29 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  42. PCT
BAB RESULTS
   PAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER DIP P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD, CU. METOSOCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RAMGE/PPM
   HC-  BCMiRD MET'JR/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 &CKGRD M.ITER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX CCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX.CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PART1CULATE MASS GRAMS

   HC  CF;AHS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
   C02 GRAMS/KM
   NOX GRAMS/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

   RJN TIME             SECONDS
   MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
        DFCt UE7 (DRY)
        SCF. U'ET U.RY)
        VOL  
-------
 TEST NO,    1A329II
 VEHICLE MODEL
 ENGINE 2.0  L(122,
 TRANSMISSION M5
  RUN   3
 NA FIAT   NOCAT
CID) L-4
 BAROMETER 742.70 MM IIG<29.24  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. CtBEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE M£TER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  EiCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    Co'  DCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCNGKD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
CD   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
'   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
i-   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  'MASS  GRAMS
    CO  MASS  GRAMS
    •C02 MASS  GRAMS
    NOX MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME              SECONDS
          DFCr WET  (DRY)
          SCFr WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
       •   SAM  BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER.
    BAROMETERr            MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    'TEMPERATUREr          DEG C
      CARBON  UIOXIDE,       G/KM
    FUEL  CO,Nf)UMPTIGN»     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     .DATE   12/23/80
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 25.6 DEG C<78.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  0.3 CM/KG

        HFET

    711.2 (28,0)
    563,9 (22.2)
     39.4 (103.0)
       21026.
    204.6 <  7224.)
    25.6/11/  26,
     4,6/ I/   5.
    32.5/13/  30.
                                            .70
                                            ..05
                                            26,
                                             1,
TEST WEIGHT  1361.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EM-329--F
ODOMETER 1012U KHC 6290
KG( 3000. LBS)
8,2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                                     MILES)
                                                                           NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .93
    41, I/ 3/
     3,5/ 3/
    26, 2/ 2/
     l.l/ 2/
        19,04
         21,
         28,
         .65
        25,2
         2,51
         6,77
       2424.8
         9.12
         3,01
        765.
     ,947 <
    1.000 (
       204,6
       44.62
       16.44

      1A329H
       742,7
         8,3
        25 .'6
        147,5
        5.65

         ,15
         ,41
         .55
                                           935)
                                           9B1)

-------
TEST NO.   1A329N   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION H5
BAROMETER 742.70 MM HG(29,24 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. FCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BI.OUCR DIF P MM. II20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(BEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STH. CU. METRCS(GCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE HE1ER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   Nf)X SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NLX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   FrtRTICULAH  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET  (DRY)
         SCFf WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

   TEST  NUMBER,
   BAROMETERr           MM HG
   HUMIKITYr            G/KG
   TEMPERATUREr        DEG  C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*       G/KM
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM
                         G/KM
                         G/KM
    DXIDES  bF'NITROGENf   G/KH
HYDROCARBONS*
CARDOrf MONOXIDE
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE   12/23/00
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.6 DEG C(78.0 DEG F)
     APS. HUMIDITY  0.3 CM/KG

        NYCC

    711.2 (28.0)
    566.4 (22.3)
     32.2 (  90.0)
       16465.
    162.7 (  5744,>
    16.9/11/  17,
     4.4/ I/   4.
    21.4/13/  20.
     1.0/13/   1.
    16.2/ 3/  .26
     3.5/ 3/  .05
     9.4/ 2/   9.
     l.l/ 2/   1.
        51.27
         13,
         18.
         .21
         8,3
         1,18
         3.46
        611,0
         2.40
          .54
        599.
     .980 (  .9^,8)
    1.000 (  .905)
       162.7
       35.30
        1.90

      1A329N
       742.7
         8.3
        25.6
        320.9
       12.38

         ,62
        1.82
        1.26
                                                                                         TEST WEIGHT  1361, KG( 3000. LDS)
                                                                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8,2 KW( tl.O IIP)
                                                                                         DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                         ODOMETER  10136.KM(6300 , MILES)
                                                                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,93

-------
TEST NO.   1A32PS
VEHICLE MODEL
ENGINE 2.0 L(122.
TRANSMISSION M5
                 RUN   3
                HA FIAT   NOCAT
               CIIO L-4
BAROMETER 741.93 MM HG(29.21 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. F'CT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
85 KFH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE   12/23/80
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3
TOT FLQU
                     METRES(SCF)
     DRY BULB TEMP.
     ABS,  HUMItlTY

        85 K

    713.7 (20.1)
    561.3 (22.1)
     41,1 (106. 6)
       32967.
    319,9 (11295.)
                                                                25.6 DEO C(70.0 DEG F)
                                                                0,3 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361,  KG(  3000.  IBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8,2 KU< 11.0 HP)

ODOMETER 10138. KM( 6301 MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,93
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR  .
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS CRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCi UCT  (DRY)
         SCF, WET  (DRY)
         VOL 
-------
 TEST NO,   1A329N   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL     • NA FIAT   NOCAT
 ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5


 BAROMETER 743.71 MM HG(29,28 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  37, PCT  '
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20UN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP, LEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TUT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD MET£R/RA,V'GE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
a   CO. CONCENTRATION PPM
L   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
> .  NOX CONCENTRATION PPM .
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME        .    SECONDS
         DFCr UET  (DRY)  •
         SCf-r UET  (DRY)
         VOL 
-------
  TEST  NO.    1A329S    RUN    4
  VEHICLE MODEL       NA FIAT  NOCAT
  ENGINE 2.0  LU22.  CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER  743.71 MM HG<29,28  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER  DIP P MM. K20(IN, H20)
    BLQUER  INLET-P MM. H20UN, H20)
    &LOUER  INLET TEMP. DEG, C(DEG, F)
    BLOUCR  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU  STD, CU. METRES
-------
TEST NO.   1A329H   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2,0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION h5
 BAROMETER 743.71 MM HG(29.28 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOULR INLET TEMP.  DEG. CtDEG.  F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX liCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
a   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
L   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
*   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASG GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASG GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DKC, UET (DRY)
         SCF, UET (DRY)
         VOL  (GCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE   12/24/80
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.6 DEG CC78.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY  C.3 CM/KG

        HFET

    711.2 (28.0)
    571.5 (22,5)
     40.6 (105.0)
       2102G.
    204.7 (  7227.)
    21.8/11/  22,
     4.5/ I/   5,
    30.4/13/  28,
      .5/13/   0,
    39.O/ 3/  .47
     3.I/ 3/  .05
    25.7/ 2/  26.
     1.5/ 2/   2.
        19.74
         17,
         27.
         .63
        24.3
         2.07
         6.39
       2357.0
         8.BO
         2.70
        765.
     .949 (  .937)
    l.COO (  ,981)
       204.7
       45.10
       16.45

      1A329H
       743.7
         8.3
        25.6
        143.2
        5.48

         .13
         .39
         ,53
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER 10146. KM( 6306. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX  HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .93

-------
         SUMMARY OP  REGULATED EMISSIONS  FROM FIAT  N.A.  DIESEL
                RESEARCH VEHICLE,  EM-469-F,  NO CATALYST
Test code
Test type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part, g/mi
fuel, mi/gal
1A2F25
3-b FTP
2/16
1
0.63
1.93
1.40
0.44
26.9
1A2F29
3-b FTP
2/18
2
0.61
1.92
1.40
0.45
27.2
1A2F33
3-b FTP
3/11
3
0.48
1.85
• 1.40
-a
28.2
1A2H26
HFET
2/16
1
0.23
0.68
0.93
0.32
40.5
1A2H30
HFET
2/18
2
0.29
0.71
1.01
0.35
38.8
1A2H34
HFET
3/11
3
0.26
0.71
0.97
-
39.1
1A2H38
HFET
3/13
4
0.23
0.71
1.00
-
38.7
Test code
Test type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part, g/mi
fuel, mi/gal
1A2N27
NYCC
2/16
1
1.13
3.67
2.04
0.62
16.6
1A2N31
NYCC
2/18
2
1.17
3.96
2.32
0.62
16.6
1A2N35
NYCC
3/11
3
1.13
4.12
2.37
-
15.5
1A2N39
NYCC
3/13
4
0.95
3.43
2.25
-
17.9
1A2S28
85 kph
2/16
1
0.21
0.56
0.93
0.29
40.3
1A2S32
85 kph
2/18
2
0.18
0.55
0.98
0.30
40.1
1A2S36
85 kph
3/11
3
0.19
0.53
0.95
-
39.7
1A2S40
85 kph
3/13
4
0.19
0.53
0.98
-
38.9
- indicates regulated particulate not sampled
                                  B-17'

-------
  TEST K'O.    1A2F25   RUN'  1
  VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
  ENGINE 2.0 LC122.  CID) L 4
  TRANSMISSION M5

  BAROMETER  745.74 MM IIG(29.36 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  30. PCT
  BAG  RESULTS
    BAG NiJMMIK
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER  Dir P  MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    B'.OUER  INLET  P MM.  II20(IN.  H20)
    SLOWER  INLET.  TEMP.  BEG,  C<£iEG.  F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD.  CU. METRES
-------
TEST NO.   1A2H26   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL    '  HA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 746.00 MM 110(29,37 IN KG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  3Q, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM, II20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM,  H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP.  BEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
?   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
L   HC  MASS GRAMS
o   CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC. WET  (DRY)
         SCFr WET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.         BEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
    PROJECT 11-4B74-001

 VCHICLC N0.1A
 DATE    2/16/01
 DAC CART t.O.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY DULB TEMP, 24.4 DEG C(76,G DEC F)
 ADD,  HUMIDITY  7,5 CM/KG

    HFET

723.9 (20.5)
504.2 (23.0)
 36.7 ( 90.0)
   21027.
207.5 ( 73?6.)
25.7/11/  26,
 7,4/ I/   7,
33.0/13/  30.
 1.2/13/   1.
42.2/ 3/  .72
 3.2/ 3/  .05
27.3/ 2/  27,
  ,5/ 2/   1.
    18.50
     19,
     29.
     .67
    26.B
     2.23
     6.92
   2554,3
     9.62
     3.26
    765.
 ,946 ( ,934)
1.000 ( ,981)
   207,5
   44.60
   16,45

  1A2II26
   746.0
     7.5
    24.4
    155.3
    5.C1

     .14
     .42
     .58
                                                                                              TCGT  WEIGHT   1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL     EM -469- F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10470.  KM<
KG( 3000. LDS)
0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)

 6511, MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   .90

-------
TEST NO,    1A2N27   RUN
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
                               KCCAT
BAROMETER 746.00 MM HG(29.37 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  23, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H2n
-------
VUIICLE MODCL      NA FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION MS
                               NOCAT
BAROMETER 745.49 MM MG(29,35 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  35, PCT
HAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   SLOWER DIF P MM, II20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, 1120, IN, 1120)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW GTD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE flETER'/RANGE/PPM
   HC  [fCKGRti METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANfiE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANCE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE (1ETER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  hASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NDX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        HFCf UET (DRY)
        SCF, UET-(DRY)
        VOL  (SCM)
        GAM BLR  (SC.1)
        KM   (MEASURED)
w
   TEST NUMBERF
   BAROMETER,           MM HB
   HUMIDITY,            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE,         DEC C
    CARBON  DIOXIDE.      G/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONSr ,       G/KM
   CAR&ON MONOXIDEi     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
   _  .__
 DATE    2/16/01
 BAG CART NO,  1
 PYNC NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP, 24,4 DEC C<76.0 DEC F)
 ADS, IJUMIMTY  6.0 DM/KG

    85 K

710,0 (20.3)
501,7 (22,9)
 38.9 (102,0)
   32947,
324,2 (11447.)
25,0/il/  25,
 6,1/ I/   6,
30.0/13/  20.
TEST WEIGHT  1361. K0< 3000. LI
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
DIESEL    EM-46? F
ODOMETER 10496. Kh( 6522. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    ,09'
45. 5/ 3/
2.9/ 3/
30. 3/ 2/
,5X 2/
17,04
19,
26,
.74
29,0.
3,60
9.C5
4307,9
16.40
5.18
1201.
,941 ( .
1.000 ( .
324.2
70,34
20,40
1A2S20
745.5
6.0
24.4
154.5
5.77
.13
,35
,50
,70
,04
30.
I ,











931)
981)













-------
 7TST NO.    1A3F29   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
 ENGINE  2.0 L(122,  CID)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION  M5

 BAROMETER 741.63 MM 110(29.20 IN IIG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  46.  PCT
 BAG  RESULTS
   PAG  NUMBER
   INSCRIPTION
    BLOUCR  DIP  P  MM.  H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOUER  INLET  P  MM.  II20(IN,  M20)
    BLOUER  INLET  TEMP.  DEB. C(DEG, F)
    BLOUER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOW  STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    (1C   SAMPLE  METER/RANGF/PPM
    HC   BCNGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   8CKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE  METER/RAHOE/PCT
    C02  BCKGKD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  DCKGRH  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DHUTION  FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC   MASS  GRAMS
    CO   MASS  CRAMS
    CO?  MASS  CRAMS
    NOX  MASS  CRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    IIC   GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  CRAMS/\M
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM
co

to
10
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASUREn DISTANCE    KM
    SCf» DRY
         DFC» U'ET (DRY)
         SCF, UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCH)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        1A2F29
    BAROMETER    MM IIG  741.7
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     9.3
    TEMPERATURE  DEC C   25.0
                                                 FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                         PROJECT 11-4074 001

                                                      VEHICLE N0.1A
                                                      DATE    2/10/81
                                                      BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                      DYNO NO.      2

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 BEG C<77.0 BEG F>
                                                      ABS. HUMIDITY  9.3 GM/KG
TEST UEIGUT  1361. KG( 3000.
ACTUAL KOAD LOAD   0.2 KU< 11.0 (IP)
DIESEL    EM-469-F
OBOMCTER 10530. KM( 6548. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .96
1
IOLD TRANSIENT
713.7 (20.1)
579,1 (22.0)
37.2 ( 99.0)
13055.
135.7 < 4791.)
37.0/11/ 37,
9.3/ I/ 9,
45.6/13/ 43.
.3/13/ 0.
36. 5/ 3/ .61
3.5/ 3/ .05
20. 5Y 2/ 21,
l.l/ 2/ 1.
21.50
26.
41,
.56
17.5
2.20
6.53
1396.1
4.02
1.83
.38
1.13
242.1
.04
9.10
505.
5.77
,980
,965 (
1.000 (











2 3
STABILIZED HOT TRANSIENT
713,7 (2C.1) 711,2 (28.0)
579.1 (22.0) 576.6 (22.7)
35.6 ( 96.0) 30.9 (102.0)
23005. 13051.
233.7 ( 0252.) 135,0 ( 4760.)
27.0/11/ 27. 36.8/11/ 37.
10. O/ I/ 10. 10, O/ I/ 10,
34,3/137 32, 37.5/13/ 35.
.2/13/ 0. .1/13/ 0,
23. 6/ 3/ .38 32, 9/ 3/ .55
3.4/ 3/ .05 2.B/ 3/ .04
•14. 5/ 2/ 15, 17. 9/ 2/ 13.
,8/ 2/ 1, .6/2/1.
34,44 24,16
17, 2/, '
31. 34.
.33 .51
13.7 17.3
2,33 2.12
8,30 5.32
1423.7 1252.5
5,B6 4.27
1.37 2.06
.38 .37
1.36 .93
230.7 219.7
.95 ' .75
8.69 8.26
867. 505.
6.17 5.70
.902 .980
.950) .967 (
.931) 1.000 (
369.4
70,74
11.94
8.09

CARBON DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYBROCARBONS (THC) G/KM
CARBON MONOXIBE G/KM
OXIDES OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
711.2 (28.0)
574.0 (22.6)
36.1 ( 97.0)
23707.
233.1 ( 0230.)
30.4/11/ 30-
10. I/ I/ 10.
32.7/13/ 30.
.5/13/ 0.
22. 6/ 3/ .37
2.9/ 3/ .04
13. 5/ 2/ 14,
.8/ 2/ 1.
36.02
21,
29.
,32
12,7
2.77
7. 89
1370.1
5.42
0.00
.45
1 = 29
225.6
.89
8.51
867.
-.6.11
,982
,953)
.931)
368,1
78.12
11.81
8.39
3-BAG (4- BAG)
230.0 ( 22S.5)
8.66 ( (3.60)
.38 ( .40)
1.19 ( 1.17)
.87 ( .05)
,2CO ( O.COO)

-------
TFST NO.   1A2JI30   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODuL      HA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 740.41 MM HC(29.15 IN HG>
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MK, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEO. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RAN3E/PPM
   HC  BCKjRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  .CAMPLE METLK/RAN6E/PPM
   CO  DCKiRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKtJRD METER/RANCE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC. MASS CRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS CRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONBS
        BFC, UET (DRY)
        SCF> WET (DRY)
        VOL (SCM)   .
        SAM DLR (SCM)
        KM  (MEASURED)
03
   TEST NUMBERF
   .BAROMETER.           MM HG
   HUMIDITYr            G/KG
   TEMPERATUREF         BEG C
    CARBON  DIOXIDE*      G/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTIONF    L/100KM

   HYDRflCARDCNSF        G/KM
   CARBON  MONOXIDE»     G/KM
   .XIDCS  OF NITROGENf  G/KM
                                                                          NiibUL I a
                                                         PROJECT 11-4074-001

                                                      VEHICLE N0.1A
                                                      DATE    2/18/01
                                                      BAG CART HO.  1
                                                      DYNO NO.      2
                                                      CVS NO.   3

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP. 26.1 DEO C(79,0 BEG F)
    HFET

711.2 (28.0)
574.0 (22.(,)
 30.9 (102.0)
   21002.
204.6 ( 7224.)
34.3/11/  34.
10.I/ I/  10.
33.B/13/  31,
  •4/13X   0,
43.5/ 3/  .74
 2.0/ 3/  .04
26.0/ 2/  27.
  .7/ 2/   1.
    17.87
     25.
     30.
     .70
    26.1
     2.92
     7.13
   2632.4
    10.31
     3.52
    766.
 .944 ( .91-9)
1.000 ( ,977)
   204.6
   43.83
   16.26

  1A2H30
   740.4
    11,0
    26.1   •
    161.9
    6,06

     .18
     ,44
     .63
                                         TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KC(  3000.  LEG)
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   Q.2 KW< 11.0 HP)
                                         DIESEL    EM-4.69 F
                                         ODOMETER 10567. KM( 6566. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01

-------
  TEST  NO.    1A2N31    RUN    2
  VEHICLE HQtJEL      /YA flAT
  EVGINE 2.0  LU22, CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
                          NQCAT
 BAROMETER 739.90 MM H6<2?.i3 IN no
 RELATIVE HI/MIDI TY  53. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
DLOUER INLCT P MM. H20CN. H20)
&LOWE* INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
BLOUE.t REVOLUTIONS
TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRESfSCF)
HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
HO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
Wl SAMPLE METEh/RANGE/PCT
CO? ItCKG^D METER/RANPE/PCT.
HOX SAMPLE METER/RANf.E/PPM
NOX ECKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
DILUTION FACTOR
Hf  CONCENTKATION PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCLNTRATION PCT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
HC  MASS CRAMS
CO  MAiiS GRAMS
f02 MASS GRAMS
NOX MASS CRAMS
PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
PUN  ,JME             SECONDS
      E.KC. WET  (DRY)
      SCF. WET  (DRY)
      VOL  (5CM)
      SAM BLR (SCM)
      KM   (MEASURED)
0)

M
     lEST  NUhBER,
 HIJMIDTTYf
 TEMPERATURE ,
  CARBON DIOXIDE ,
 FUEL CONSUMPTION.
 CARBON MONOXIDE »
 OXIDES OF NITROGEN;
                          MM hC
                          ?/KG
                          DEG C
                           G/KK
                          L/iOOKM

                          G/KM
                          G/KM
                          G/KM
    PROJECT 11-4074 001
 VEHICLE N0.1A
 DATE    2/10/81
 BAG CART KO.  1
 DYNO NO.      "i
 CVS NO.   7

 DRY BULB TEriP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEG F)
 ABF. HUMIDITY 10 7 Gh/KG

    NYCf

713.7 (20.1)
576,& (22.7)
 36.1 ( 97,0)
   16437.
161.0 ( 5605.)
27.5/U/  20,
12.O/ I/  13,
2B.1/13/  24.
  ,1/13/   0,
17,8/ 3/  ,20
 2.7/ 3/  ,04
 9.7/ 2/  10,
  ,8/ 2/   1,
    46,24
     15.
     25,
     ,24
     0.9
     1,39
     4.71
    719.6
     2.75
      ,74
    599,
 .V70 < .962)
1,000 ( ,980)
   lil.O
   34.49
    1.9?

  1A2N31
   739.9
    10,7
    25.0
    376.2
   14,20

     .73
    2. '16
    1.44
TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000. I.DS)
ACTUAL ROAD L3AD   8.2 KU( 11.0 UP)
DIESEL    EM--469-F
ODOMETER 10583, KM( 6576. MILES)
                                                                                          NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOFj  1.00

-------
 TEST NO.   1A2S32   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NQCAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 739.65 MM HG(29.12 IN IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  47, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIE P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. I!20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  [iCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   !IC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CG  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
to
t
M
Ul
        MAGS  GRAMS
                          SECONDS
   CO   MASS  GRAMS
   C02  MASS  GRAMS
   NOX  MASS  GRAMS
   PARTICULATE MASS  GRAMS
   RUN  TIME
         DFC,  UET  (DRY)
         SCFr  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM  BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
     TEST  NUMBERi
     BAROMETER*            MM  HG
     HUMIDITY*             G/KG
     TEMPERATUREi          DEO C
     CARBON  DIOXIDE*       G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION*     L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS*         G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE*      G/KM
     OXIPES OF  NITROGEN*   G/KH
85 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RCiUILTS
        PROJECT 11--4D74-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    2/10/C1
     HAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO,       2
     CVS NO,    3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 26.1 BEG C(79,0 DEC F)
     ABS, HUMIDITY 10.2 GM/KG

        85 K

    716.3 (20,2)
    579,1 (22,0)
     30.9 (102,0)
       32919.
    319.7 (11200.)
    31,1/H/  31,
    14.5/ I/  15.
    29.3/13/  27,
      .1/13/   0.
    46.O/ 3/  .91
     3,I/ 3/  ,05
    29.5/ 2/  30.
      ,9/ 2/   1.
        16.51
         17.
         26,
         .76
        28.7
         3.23
         9.68
       4455.3
        17.25
         5.22
       1200,
     .939 < .925)
    1,000 ( ,977)
       319'. 7
       69.10
       20.36

      1A2S32
       739.6
        10.2
        26.1
        157.1
        5.07

         ,11
         ,34
         .61
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1361, K0( 3000. LEG)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                             BIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER 105B5. KM( 6577. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .98

-------
 TECT NO,   1A2F33   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL     , NA FIAT   NOCAT
 ENGINE 2,0 L(122, CID) L--4
 TRANSMISSION MS

 BAROMETER 747,52 MM HG(29,43 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  42, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
w .  CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
 '   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
£   NOX"CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    HC • GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM              '   .
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY CD L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS.
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFi  DRY
         .DFCF WET  (DRY)
          SCFr WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR  (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)
          FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST  NUMBER        1A2F33
    BAROMETER    MM IIG  747.5
    HUMIDITY     G/KG      8.5
    TEMPERATURE  DEG  C   25.0
FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-40X4-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3/11/31
     BAG CART NO,  1  / CVC NO,   3
     DYNO NO.      2

     DRY BULB TEMP,  25,0 BEG C(77.0 DEG  F>
     ADG, HUMIDITY  0,5 CM/KG
TECT WEIGHT  1361,  KG( 3000, I.HS)
ACTUAL RflAD LOAD   0,2 KW( 11,0 lip)
riTCCr.L    CM-469 F
ODOMETER 10626. KM( 6603. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,73
1
lOLD TRANSIENT
716.3 (28.2)
5Q1.7 (22.9)
35,6 ( 96.0)
13065.
136.4 ( 4016.)
30.1/11/ 30.
6.6/ I/ 7,
45.1/13/ 42.
.8/13/ 1.
35. I/ 3/ ,59
2.8/ 3/ ,04
20. O/ 2/ 21,
>4/ 2/ 0.
22.53
24.
41.
.55
20.4
1.07
6.43
1364.9
4.96
.33
1.12 '
237,0
.86
0.93
505. -
5.74 '
.981
.966 (
1,000 (






1
STABILIZED
710,0 (20,3)
501,7 (22,9)
33.9 ( 93.0)
23816.
234.9 ( 0295.)
21.1/11/ 21.
7,0/ I/ 8.
33.9/13/ 31,
.0/13/ 1,
22. 6/ 3/ .37
2.6/ 3/ ,04
14. 4/ 2/ 14.
.5/ 2/ 1.
36.10
14.
30.
.33
13,9
1,83
0.19
1408.2
5.33
.29
1.32
226.9
.94
8.54
866.
6.21
.903
,953)
.902)
371.3
79,95
11.95
0.73

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
710,0 (20.3)
581,7 (22,9)
35.6 < 96.0)
13855.
136.3 ( 4012.)
27.9/11/ 23.
7.0/ I/ 8,
34.7/13/ 32.
.6/13/ 1.
30. 2/ 3/ .50
2.4/ 3/ .04
17. O/ 2/ 10.
,5/ 2/ 1.
26.53
20,
31,
.46
17.3
1.60
4.89
1157.5
4.21
.28
.85
201.3
.73
•7.56
505.
5.75
- .982
: .970 (
1.0.00 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
710,8 (20,3)
501.7 (22. V)
33,3 ( 92.0)
23811.
235.2 ( 8304.)
26.4/11/ 26,
IA.5/ I/ 15.
32. 6/1 3/ 30.
.5/13/ 0,
71. 5/ 3/ ,35
2.6/ JX .04
13. 3/ 2/ 13-
,5/ 2/ 1.
37.98
12.
29.
.31
12.8
3.66
7.94
1328.2
5.37
.27
1.28
213.8
.86
3.04
868.
6.21
.933
,956)
',9S3>
371.4
79.90
11.96
7.01
3-BAG (4-BAG)
222.1 ( 218.2)
0.35 ( 8.20)
.30 ( .29)
1.15 < 1.14)
.87 ( ,04)

-------
TEST NO.   1A2H34   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT  . NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-4
TRANGMISSION M5


BAROMETER 747.01 MM 110(29.41 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  42. PCT
BAG REGULTS
   TEST CYCLf

   BLOWER DI*F P MM; II20UN, 1120)
   EILOUER INLET p MM. H20dN, 1120)
   EILOUER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW GTD, CU, METRES(GCF)
   HP,  SAMPLE MCTCR/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS CRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
        DFC, WET  (DRY)
        SCF, WET  (DRY)
        VOL  (SCM)
        SAM  BLR (SCM)
        KM   (MEASURED)

   TEST NUMBER,
   BAROMETER,           MM HG
   HUMIDITY,            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE,         !-LG  C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,       G/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
tt>

M
HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3m/Gl
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEC C(77,0 DEC F)
     ABS.  HUMIDITY  0.5 GM/KG

        HFET

    710,0  (20,3)
    504,2  (23.0)
     36.7  (  90,0)
       21002,
    205,6  <  7260.)
    30.4/11/  30,
     O.O/  I/   9,
    33.4/13/  31,
               0.
              ,75
              .05
              27.
               0.
                                                                                              TEST UEIGMT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LDS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 SIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-449-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10651. KM( 6610. HILEG)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,93
                                                     43, 7/ 3/
                                                      3.4/ 3/
                                                     27, I/ 2/
                                                        ,2/ 2/
                                                         17,79
         30,
         .70
        26.9
         2.62
         7.11
       2627.0
         9.S7
        765.
     ,944 (  .931)
    1.000 (  .979)
       205.6
       44.10
       16.33

      1A2II34
       747.0
         0.5
        25.0
        160. V
        6.02

         .16
         .44
         ,60

-------
TEST NO.   lrt2N35   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL.      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CIIO L~4
TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 746.51 MM HG(29,39 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER MF f MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, h'20)
   SLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  .BCKGRD METER/RANfiE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANCE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RM3E/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         HFC. WET  (DRY)
         SCF, UET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (GCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
to
CD
   TEST  NUMBER.
   BAROMETER,           MM HG
   HUMIDITY.            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE,         HER C
    CARBON  DIOXIDE*      G/KM
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDEr     G/KM
   OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE: EMISSIONS RCSULTS
        PKOJCCT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3/11/31
     BAG CART MO,   1
     BYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     BRY BULB TEMP.  23.3 DEO C<74,0 BEG  F)
     ABC.  HUMIDITY  7,9 GM/KG

        NYCC

    713.7 (20.1)
    579.1  (22.0)
     34.4 (  94.0)
       16452.
    161.7 (  5710.)
    21.0/li/  21.
     6.0/ I/   7,
    29.3/13/  27.
      .4/13/   0.
    19.5/ 3/  .31
     3.6/ 3/  .06
    10.2/ ?./  10.
      .3/ 2/   0.
        42.15
         14,
         26.
         .26
         9.9
         1.34
         4.90
        767.6
         2.01
        600,
     ,976 (  .963)
    1.000 (  ,9C3)
       161.7.
       34.60
        1.91

      1A2N35
       746.5
         7.9
        23.3
        401,6
       15.14

         .70
        2.56
        1.47
                                                                                              TCST UCIGHT  1361.  KG<  3000.  LBf,)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0,2 KU< 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-465--F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10667. KM( 6623, MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIBITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .92

-------
TEST NO,   1A2S36   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 746,76 MM HG(29,40 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER BIF P MM. H20(IN. 1120)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, 1120)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP, BEG, C(BEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(GCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    IIC  BCKGRD METER/RAN1E/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
co   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
J,   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
vp   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MAGG GRAMS
    CQ  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC.  WET  (DRY)
         .SCFr  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         GAM BLR 
-------
TEST NO.   1A2H3D   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENfilNE 2.0 L(l.?2. CIID L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 742,70 MM HG(29,24 IN 110)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  30. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER BIF P MM. II20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(BEC. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  5CKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKfiRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RAN6E/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANI5E/FCT
   NOX SAMPLE MEi'ER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCr UET  (DRY)
         SCF. UET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM DLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
OJ
U)
O
    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETERr            MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION*     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3/13/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULD TEMP, 24.4 DEG C(76.0 DEG F>
     ABG, HUMIDITY  7.5 GM/KG

        HFET

   -713.7 (20,1)
    579,1 (22,C)
     37.2 (  99.0)
       21010.
    205.0 (  72::?,)
    22.9/11/  23.
     4.0/ I/   4.
    33.5/13/  31,
      .1/13/   0.
    43.3/ 3/  .74
     2.I/ 3/  ,03
    28.6/ 2/  59.
      ,!/ 2/   0,
        17,99
         19.
         30.
         ,71
        28.5
         2.26
         7.16
       2661.9
        10.11
        765.
     ,944 (  .923)
    1.000 (  ,9ei)
       205.0
       44.41
       16.37

      1A2H38
       742.7
         7.5
        24.4
        162.6
        6,00

         ,14
         .44
         ,62
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. I.Viiii
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 I
                                                                                              DICSEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10717, KM( 6659. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .90

-------
TEST NO.    1A2N39   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL    " MA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0  L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 742.19 MM 110(29.22  IN IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  3G. F'CT
HAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER IHF P MM. H20CIN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20UN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEC. F)
   RLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   Hi:  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METF-R/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKCRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 GAMFLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKCRD METE.VRANGE/FCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MAGS GKHho
   C02 MAGS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRf-MG
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         nFC»  UET  (DRY)
         SCFr  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCH)
         GAM BLR (GCM)
         KM   (MEASI'RED)
Ul
    TEST  NUMBER»
    BAROMETER,            MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/K6
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDEF       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION;     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS»         G/KM
    CARPON MONOXIDE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGENr   G/KM
wrcc   vciiir ;: EhissroNG RESULTS
        PROJECT H-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3/13/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     fiYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TUMP. 23.9 DEG C<75.0 DEG F)
     ADS. IIUMIDfTY  7.1  CM/KG

        NYCC

    713.7 (20.1)
    579,1 (22.0)
     33.3 (  92.0)
       16476.
    161,1 (  5680.)
    15.5/11/  1,',.
     3.7/ I/   4.
    23.8/13/  21'.
      .1/13/   0.
    U.7/ 3/  .27
     3.0/ 3/  .05
     9.7/ 2/  10.
      ,2/ 2/   0.
        49.67
         12.
         21.
         ,77
         9.5
         1.10
         3.99
        652.1
         2,62
        600.
     .900 (  ,961))
    1.000 (  ,901i)
       161.1
       34.25
        1,,07

      1A2N39
       742.2
         7.1
        23.9
        340.9
       13.15

         .59
        2.13
        1.40
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT   1361. KG( 3000. UBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU(  11.0  IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL     EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  10733. KM( 6669. MILES)
                                                                                               NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   ,09

-------
TCSf NO,   1A2C40   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT   NOCAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION MS.
BAROMETER 741.93 rtM (10(29.21 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  36. PCT
HAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER nil- P MM. H2Q(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(BEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU GTD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  nCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRli MFTER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 KCKGRD MFTER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC • MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS CRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC» WET  (DRY)
      •   SCF. UET  (DRY)  •
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
CO
M
    TEST-NUMBER*
    BAROMETER»            MM  HG
    HUMIDITY*             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEC C
     CARBON nroXIDF*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*      G7KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*   G/KM
05 KPII VdilCLC EMISSIONS RCCULTS
        PROJECT 11--4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.1A
     DATE    3/13/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     BYNO NO.      2
     CV5 NO.   3

     DRY BULB TiIMP. 25,0 BEG C(77.0 BEG F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY  7.3 CM/KG

        85 K

    710.8 <20.3>
    579,1 (22.0)
     30.9 (102.0)
       32947.
    319.1 (1124:1.)
    2'2.1/H/  22.
     3.4/ I/   3.
    28.9/13/  27.
      .3/13/   0.
    47.0/ 3/  .02
     2.5/ 3/  .04
    32.1/ 2/  3'?,
      .5/ 2/   I.
        16.15
         19.
         26.
         .79
        31.6
         3.49
         9.49
       4610.0
        17,35
     '  1200.
     .930 ( .927)
    1.000 ( .90J.)
       319,1
       63.73
       20.51

      1A2S40
       741.9
         7.3
        25.0
        161.7
        6,04

         .12
         .33
         .61
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LDC)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU<  11.0 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM--469 F
                                                                                              QBOMETER10735, KM( 6672. hlLEG)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR    .V'O

-------
          APPENDIX C

         TEST RESULTS,
FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
      WITH CATALYTIC TRAP
  FUELS EM-329-F A1ID EM-469-F

-------
SUMMARY OF REGULATED EMISSIONS FROM FIAT NATURALLY-ASPIRATED DIESEL
       RESEARCH VEHICLE, EM-329-F BASE FUEL, WITH CATALYTIC TRAP
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run Mo.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Par ticul ate , g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
1B1F46
3-b FTP
4/6
1
0.06
0.27
1.40
0.13
28.2
1B1F50
3-b FTP
4/7
2
0.06
0.31
1.46
0.11
28.9
1B1F54
3-b FTP
4/9
3
0.10
0.35
1.51
0.09
27.7
1BLF58
3-B FTP
4/10
4
0.08
0.23
1.54
0.10
28.1









1B1H47
HFET
4/6
1
0.02
0.05
1.08
0.06
38.5
1B1H51
HFET
4/7
2
0.02
0.06
1.11
0.07
38.3
1B1H55
HFET
4/9
3
0.02
0.06
1.11
0.09
37.0
1B1H59
HFET
4/10
4
0.02
0.03
1.09
0.12
37.8
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Particulate , g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
1B1N48
NYCC
4/6
1
0.06
0.13
2.32
0.51
17.2
1B1N52
NYCC
4/7
2
0.00
0.16
2.38
0.22
19.0
1B1N56
NYCC
4/9
3
0.03
0.24
2.43
0.17
17.3
1B1N60
HYCC
4/10
4
0.08
0.08
2.32
0.53
18.8
1B1S49
85 kph
4/6
1
0.00
0.02
1,05
0.06
39.1
1B1S53
85 kph
4/7
2
0.00
0.03
1.09
0.10
39.4
1B1S57
85 kph
4/9
3
0.00
0.05
1.16
0.16
36.6
1B1S61
85 kph
4/10
4
0.00
0.00
1.14
0.16
38.6
                              C-2

-------
  TEST NO.   1B1F46   RUN   1
  VEHICLE H.iriEL    ; NA FIAT CAT
  ENGINE 2.0 I (122. CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5

  PARDMETER 750.32 HH HG(29.54 IN HG>
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  27, PCT
  FAG RESULTS
    PAG  NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION
BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN. M?CM
BLOWER INLET P MM. II20(IN. H20)
PLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
F" OUF.R REVOLUTIONS
    FLOW GTD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
CQ2 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
NQX SAMPLE METER/RANCF'PFM
NOX BCKGRD METER/RAN^r/ppM
DILIITTHN FACTOR
HC  rwrr.NTRATIQN PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCENTRATION- PCT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
HC  MASS GRAMS
CO  MAG'S DRAMS
C02 MASS GRAMS
NOX MAGS GRAMS
BARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS   •
n
u>
     HC
     HC
     CO
     CO
     HC  GRAMS/KM
     CO  GRAMS/KM
     C02 GPVtS/KM
     NOX GKAHS/KN
     F.UEL CONSUMPTION BY. CD L/1'OOKH

     RUN TINE             SECONDS
     MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
     SCF> DRY
          DFCi UET (DRY)
          SCFr k'ET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (f>n>
          Kr1.  (MEASURED)
          Fl'D. CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER        1B1F46
     BAROMETER    MM IIG  750,3
     HUMIDITY     C/KG     5.3
     TEMPERATURE  DEG C   25.0
                                                  VEHICLE NO. IB
                                                  DATE    4/ 6/01
                                                  BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                  DYNO NO,      2

                                                  DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 BEG F)
                                                  A3G. HUMIDITY  ^.3 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. tPS>
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 UP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER 10892, Kh( A760. ttllFH)
NOX MUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .85
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
716,3 (20,2)
579.1 f22.0)
35.0 ( 95.0)
13066.
137,9 ( 4069.)
10.2/11/ 10.
4,0/ I/ 4,
19.U13/ 17.
,3/13/ 0,
32. 5/ 3/ .56
2.9/ 3/ .04
21, I/ 2/ 21,
,!/ 2/ 0,
23.08
6,
17.
.52
'M ,0
.50
2,69
1302.6
4.70
.66
.09
.40
234,1
.85
0,94.
505.
5.56
.986
,948 (
: 1,00.0 (






2
STABILIZED
721.4 (2fl,4>
504.2 (23,0)
7°.2 ( 90.0)
23009 .
230,0 ( 0403, >
4,6/117 5,
4.0/ I/ 4.
2.1/13/ 2,
,2/13/ 0.
21. 7/ 3/ ,35
2,7/ 3/ .04
15. I/ 2/ 15,
,!/ 2/ 0,
30.15
1 .
2.
.31
15.0
.10
,47
1352,5
5.80
.37
,02
,00
020.5
.95
8.39
667,
6.13
,980
,960)
,907)
375.9
80.17
11.70
0.65.

CARBON
3
HOT TRANS TFMT
7U,3 (28,2)
579,1 (22.8)
36.1 ( 97,0)
. 13070.
137,7 ( 4061.)
7.1/11/ 7.
4.0/ I/ 4,
5.5/13/ 5,
,2/13/ 0,
30. 9/ 3/ .51
3, 1/ 3/ .^c>
19, O/ 2/ "0,
,3/ 2/ 0,
26,13
3.
5,
.47
19,5
,26
,75
1174,7
4,36
.49
.04
.13
205.3
,76
7.82
505.
. 5.72
.907
.969 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KH


CARDON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULAR'S 0/KN
4
STABILIZED
721.4 (28.4)
504,2 (23,0)
33.9 ( 93,0)
23001.
-M7.0 ( 0370.)
«; .o/u/ 5,
4.0/ I/ 4,
1.0/13/ 1,
,1/13/ 0.
21.7' •
.37 ( ,07)
,079 ( 0,000)

-------
TEST NO.   JPJIM7.   RUN   1
I'HIICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
FNGINE 2.0 LU22. DID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 740.20 MM IIG(29.46 IN HO)
RELATIVE IIUKU.ITY  26. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM. II2CKIN. !I20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. II.?P(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU f.TD. CU. METRE5
   HC  EAMPI JT METER/RANGE/PPM
   !IC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPN
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/f'CT
   C02 BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PCT
   MOX CAHPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANCE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MAGS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC,  WET  (DRY)
         SCF,  1JCT  (DRY)
         VOL  (GCM)
         f.AM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
 i
    TEST  NUMBERr
    BAROMETER,            MM HG
    HUMIDITYf             G/KG
    TEMPERATUREi          BEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTIONr     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF" NITROGEN*   G/KM
    PROJECT•11-4074 001

 VEHICLE NO.IE
 DATE    4/ 6/01
 DAD CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO..      2
 CVS NO,   3

 BRY BULB TEMP. 25.6 DEG C(73.0 DEG F)
 AEiS. HUMIDITY  5.7 GM/KG

    HFET

711.2 (28,0)
574.0 (22.6)
 37,3 (100.0)
   20990.
207.5 <  7328.)
 5.1/11/   5.
 4.I/ I/   4.
 2.3/13/   2.
  .1/13/   0.
43.2/ 3/  .74
 3.3/ 3/  .05
32.4/ 2/  7,2.
  ,3/ If   0.
    10.15
      1.
      2.
     .69
    32.1
      .15
      .47
   2620.9
    10.74
      .59
    765.
 .945 (  .936)
1.000 (  .984)
   207.5
   44.57
   16.32

  1B1H47
   740.3
     5.7
    25.6
    160.i
    6.11

     .01
     .03
     .67
                                                                                              TEST HEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LBC)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              DICSEL    EM-329 F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 10913  KM( 6782  MILEG)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .06

-------
TEST NO.   1B1N48   RUN    1
VEHICLE MODEL    .  NA FIAT CAT,
ENGINE 3.0 l.<122, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION MS


BAROMETER 747.52 MM 110129,43 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  20, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TE5T CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN, H20>
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. BEG. C(BEG. F)
   FLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO. MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC. WET  (DRY)
         SCFr WET  (DRY)
     '   VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
o
 i.
in
    TEST  NUMBER.
    BAROMETER»            MM  HG
   •HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
     CARBON  DIOXIDEf       G/KM  .
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS»         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIBEi      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
                                                 NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                         PROJECT 11-4074-001

                                                      VEHICLE NO,IB
                                                      DATE    47 6/01
                                                      BAG CART NO,  1
                                                      DYNO NO,      2
                                                      CVS NO,   3

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP, 26,1 DEG C<79,0 DEG F)
                                                      A6S, HUMIDITY  6,1 CM/KG

                                                         NYCC

                                                     711,2 (28,0)
                                                     558,8 (22,0)
                                                      37.2 ( 99,0)
                                                        1(5437,
                                                     142,6 ( 5741,)
                                         TEST  WEIGHT   1361, KG<
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0,2
                                         DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                         ODOMETER  10931, KM(
   3000, IBS)
   KU( 11.0 HP)
6792. MILES)
                                         NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION  FACTOR   ,C7
                                                      4,8/n/
                                                      •4,1/ I/
                                                      1.0/13/
           5.
           4.
           1,
           0,
17,2/ 3/  .27
 3.2/ 3/  .05
10.5/ 2/  11.
  .5/ 2/   1.
    40.73
      1.
      1.
     .23
    10.0
      ,08
      ,15
    674,1
     2,70
      .60
    599.
 .979 (  .970)
1.000 (  .983)
   162.6   •
   34.86
    1.8S

  1B1N48
   747.5
     6.1  •'
    26.1
    359.1
   13,66

     .04
     .08
    1.44

-------
TEST NO,   1B1S4?   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 747.27 MM KG(29,42 IN HG>
RELATIVE HUMILITY  25, TCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM.' II20CIN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STB. CU. METREG(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANfiE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/FFK
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD KETER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPN
   NOX BCKCRE' HETER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   hC  CONCENTRATION PPH
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MAGS fiRAMC
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC»  WET  (DRY)
         SCF,  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  vSCM)
         SAM PLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
    TEST NUMBERi
    BAROMETER*            MM  HG
    HUMIMTYr             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.          ICG C
     CARBON DIOXIDEr       G/KM
    FUEL. CONSUMPTION,     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE»      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
65 KPM VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO,IB
     DATE    4/ 6/01
     BAG CART NO;   1
     BYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 27.8 DEO C(Q2,0  BEG  F)
     ABS, HUMIDITY 6.0  GM/KG

        85 K

    711.2 (20.0)
    574.0 (22.6)
     37.3 (100.0)
       32934.
    324.8 (11463.)
TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000. LUG)
ACTUAL ROAD LDA*   3.2 KW( 11.0 IIP)
DIESEL    Ett-3Z,-F
ODOMETER 10335  KM( 6795  HILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,07
4,0/n/
4.6/ I/
1.1/13/
,1/13/
46. 4/ 3/
2. a/ §/
34. 7/ 2/
,4/ 2/
16.70
-0.
1.
.76
34.3
-.06
,33
4506.6
10.47
.99
1200,
.940 ( ,
1.000 ( .
324.8
69.73
20.47
1D1S49
747,3
6,0
27.8
150,3
6.02
-.00
.01
,65
4.
5.
1.
0.
.30
.04
35,
0.











933)
904)













-------
  TEST NO.    1B1F50   RUN   2
  VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
  ENGINE 2.0  LU22. C1I» L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5

  BAROMETER 738.89 MM HG(29.09 IN MG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  49. PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER PIF P MM. N20(IN,  H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM. M20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD, CD.  METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGKD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPIE METFR/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METtR/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPIE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX ECKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
n
    HC
    no
     C02  MAS
     NOX  MAC
MASS GRAMS
MAG3 GRAMS
     CRAMS
     GRAMS
     PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS

     HC  CRAMS/KM
     CO  GK'AHC/KM
     C02 GRAMS/KM
     NOX GRAMS/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION  BY  CD  L/100KM

     RUN TIME             SECONDS
     MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
     SCFr DRY
          DFC»  UET  (DRY)
          SCFr  UET  (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (ECM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER         1B1F50
     BAROMETER    MM MC   738.9
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    10.0
     TEMPERATURE   DEG  C    25,0
                                             VEHICLE NO.1C
                                             PATE    4/ 7/81
                                             BAG CART NO. 1 / CVG NO.  3
                                             DYNO NO.      2

                                             PRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEG F)
                                             ABS. HUMIDITY 10.0 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361,  KG(  3000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER 10966. KM( 6814. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .98
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
706.1 (27. e)
571.5 (22.5)
36.1 ( 97.0)
13076.
134.9 ( 4763.)
8.2/11/ 8.
4. I/ I/ 4.
10.2/13/ 17.
.2/13/ 0.
34. 3/ 3/ .57
2.6/ 3/ ,04
19. 9/ 11 20.
,3/ 2/ 0.
23,29
4,
16.
,53
19.6
.33
2.50
1321,1
4.95
,52.
,06
,43
-22 9, -7
,86
8,76
505.
5.75
,979
,968 <
1,000 (






2
STABILIZED
711.2 (20.0)
574,0 (22.6)
34,4 ( 94,0)
23018,
232,1 ( 0196.)
4,1/H/ 4,
3, I/ I/ 3.
3.3/13/ 3.
,3/13/ 0.
21. 0/ 3/ ,35
2,6/ 3/ ,04
14, 4/ 2/ 14,
.3/ 2/ 0.
37,96
1,
3,
,31
14,1
,14
,72
1332. B
6,12
,32
,02
,12
216,8
1,00
8,25
867.
6,15
,901
,952)
.900)
367,0
76.91
11.90
8.50

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
706,1 (27.8)
571,5 (22.5)
35,0 ( 95,0)
13375.
135,1 ( 4771.)
6.1/11/ 6,
3, I/ I/ 3,
5.5/13/ 5,
,1/13/ 0,
30, O/ 3/ .50
2,8/ 3/ ,04
19, I/ 2/ 19,
1,1/ 2/ 1,
26,98
3,
5.
,45
13.0
,24
,75
1124,1
4.56
,41
.04
,13
195,0
,79
7.46
505.
5,74
.900
,970 (
l.QOO (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS \(THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICIPATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
716.3 (20,2)
579,1 (22.0)
34.4 ( 94.0)
23027.
232.1 ( 0195.)
4.1/11/ 4.
3.2/ I/ 3.
2.0/13/ 3,
,2/13/ 0.
21. O/ 3/ ,34
2,7/ 3/ ,04
14, 9/ 2/ 15,
1,2/ 2/ 1,
39.49
1,
2,
,30
13,7
,13
,62
1260.0
,9 5.96
0,00
,02
.10
207,1
,97
7,00
868,
6.12
,901
,955)
,980)
367,2
76.92
11,06
7,67
3-DAG . (4-DAG)
213,7 " ( 210.8)
8,14 ( 8.03)
,04 ( .04)
.19 ( ,18)
,91 ( .91)
.066 ( 0,000)

-------
                                                HPET
                                                        VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                         PROJECT 11-4074-001
TRANSMISSION M5
 U(
en
                      ) L-4
BAROMETER 730,12 MM 116(27,06 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44, FCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   DLOWER DIF P MM, H2CKIN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP, DEG, C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(GCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD.METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NQX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  'CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   'HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS. GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  UET  (BRY)
       . SCFr  WET  (DRY)
         VOL- (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
CD
    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER,            MM HG
    HUMIDITY;            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDEF       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION*     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    C.ARBON MONOXIDE?      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN?   G/KM
                                                     VEHICLE NO,IB
                                                     DATE    4/ 7/01
                                                     BAG CART NO,  1
                                   DYNO NO,
                                   CVS NO,    3

                                   DRY DULD  TEMP.  26,1  DEG C(79,0 DEG F)
                                   ABS,  HUMIDITY  9.6 GM/KG

                                      HFET

                                  711,2 (20,0)
                                  571,5 (22,5)
                                   37,2 ( 99.0)
                                     21015,
                                  203.5 ( 7104,)
                                   4,7/H/    5,
                                   3/5/ I/    4,
                                   3.1/13/    3,
                                    .1/13/    0,
                                  44,I/ 3/   .75
                                   3.1' 3/   .05
                                  31,I/ 2/   31,
                                   1,0/ 2/    1,
                                      17,74
                                        1,
                                        3,
                                       .71
                                      30.2
                                        ,17
                                        ,62
                                     2644.6
                                      11,31
                                        ,69
                                    ' 765.
                                   .944 (  ,930)
                                  1.000 <  .979)
                                     203.5
                                     42.60
                                     16.39

                                    1D1II51
                                     738.1
                                       9.6
                                      26.1
                                      161.4
                                      6,14

                                       ,01
                                       .04
                                       .69
                   KG( 3000.  LBS)
                   0,2 KU< 11,0 HP)
DIESEL    EK-329--F
ODOMETER 10909. KM( 6820, MILEO
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .96

-------
           1B1N52
        MODEL
       ?.0 L(122.
TRANSMISSION M5
 • RUN   2
 NA FIAT CAT
CID) L-4
  BAROMETER  737.07  MM  HG(29.05  IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY 44, PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER  DIP P MM.  H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER  INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER  INLET TEMP, DEG, C(BEG, F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW  STB.  CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RAMGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
o  NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
'   HC  MASS  GRAMS
    CO  MASS  CRAMS
    C02 MASS  GRAMS
    NOX MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
    RUN  TIME              SECONDS
          DFC, WET (DRY)
          SCF, WET (DRY)
          VGL  (SCM)
          SAM  BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,            MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,       if/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
 VEHICLE NO.IB
 DATE    4/ 7/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO,      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 26.1 DEG C(79.0 BED F)
 ABS. HUMILITY  9,6 CM/KG

    NYCC

711.2 (20.0)
569,0 (22,4)
 34,4 ( 94,0)
   16456.
160.0 ( 5650,)
 3.6/11/   4,
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2  KU(  11.0  IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-327 F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11005,  KM( 6030.  MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,96
3.9/ I/
1.2/13/
, 1/13/
16, 21 3/
3. I/ 3/
10. 5/ 2/
l.O/ 21
5t,90
-0.
1.
,21
9.5
-.02
.18
618.8
2.81
.26
599.
.981 ( ,
1,000 ( ,
160.0
33.35
1,90
1B1N52
737,9
9.6
26,1
326,1
12,40
-.01
,10
1.4&
4,
1,
0.
,26
,05
11,
1,











967)
903)













-------
  TEST  NO.    1B1S53    RUN    2
  VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
  ENGINE 2.0  L(122. CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 737.62 MM HG(29.04 IN KG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  41. PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H2Q)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H?C(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEHP. DEC. C(DEC. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW GTD, CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RAWE/PPM
    HC  BCKCRll METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 GAHPLE HETER/RANCE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
9   NDX CONCENTRATION PPM
M   HC  MAGS GRAMS
0   CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFC,  WET  (DRY)
          SCFr  WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM DLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

     TEST  NUMDERr
     BAROMETER,           MM HG
     HUMIDITY*            G/KG
     TEMPERATUREF        DEG C
      CARDON  DIOXIDEr       G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100NM

     HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
     CARDON MONOXIDEr     G/KM
     OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,  G/KM
85 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.IB
     DATE    4/ 7/81
     BAG CART NO.   1
     BYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 26.7  DEG C(00.0  DEO F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY 9.3 CM/KG

        65 K

    711.2 (20.0)
    574.0 (22.6)
     37.0 (100.0)
       329(53.
    318.6 (11249.)
                                         TEST  HEIGHT   1361. KG< 3000. LBS)
                                         ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU(  11.0 IIP)
                                         DIESEL     EM--327-F
                                         ODOMETER  1100B. KM( 6040. MILES)
                                         NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR    .96
               0,
               01
               05
               4.
               1.
 3.6/11/
 4.0/ I/
 2.1/13/
  .1/13/
47.I/ 3/
 3.2/ 3/
33.9/ 2/
  ,7/ 2/
    U.50
     -0.
      2.
     .77
    33.2
    - .02
      .65
   4464.5
    19.37
     1.77
   1200.
 .939 < .927)
1.000 < .979)
   310.6
   66477
   20,41

  1B1S53
   737.6
     9.3
    26.7
    157.1
    5.97

   -.00
     .02
     ,60

-------
 TEST NO.    1B1F54   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE  2,0  LU22,  CID)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION  MS

 BAROMETER 742,44  MM  HG<29,23 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY 60.  PCT
 PAG  RESULTS
   BAG  NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
   BLOUER DIP P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM, H2CKIN. H2Q)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG, C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
   IIC  GAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RAN3E/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION P-PM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS CRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
O
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NQ.X GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100.KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF.. DRY
         DFC> WET '.DRY)
         SCF, UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
  '  TEST NUMBER        1B1F54
    BAROMETER    MM'HG  742,4
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12.7
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   25.6
                                                      VEHICLE NO.ID
                                                      DATE    4/ 9/Q1
                                                      BAG CART NO,  1  / CVS NO,   3
                                                      DYNO NO,      2

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP,  25.6 DEO C(70.0  DCG  F)
                                                      ACS. HUMIDITY 12.7 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
DIESEL    EM-329 F
OBOMETCR 11051. KM( 6067. MILES)
NOX HUMIBITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.07
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
711.2 (20,0)
571,5 (22,5)
35,6 ( 96.0)
13073,
136,1 ( 4C06.)
10.3/11/ 10,
3,9/ I/ 4,
23.2/13/ 21.
"1.5/13/ 1,
35, 9/ 3/ .60
3.2/ 3/ ,05
19, O/ 2/ 19,
,6/ 2t 1,
22.14
7,
17.
,56
10.4
,52
3.05
13S3.9
5,13
,40
.09
.53
240.6
.09
9,19 '
505,
5.75
.975
. .966 (
•i.ooo- (






2
STABILIZED
711.2 (28,0)
501,7 (22,9)
33,9 ( 93,0)
23824,
234.2 ( 8271.)
5.6/11/ 6.
3.7/ I/ 4.
4.0/13/ 4.
1.4/13/ 1.
22, 7/ 3/ ,37
3,0/ 3/ ,05
13, O/ 2/ 14.
,5/ 2/ 1,
36,34
2,
3,
,32
13,3
,28
,82
1305,9
6,37
,32
.04
,13
224,9
1,03
8,56
868,
6,16
.977
,947)
,976)
370,4
70,57
11.91
8.87

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
711,2 (28.0)
579.1 (22. G)
35,6 ( 96,0)
13079,
136,1 ( 4005, >
7,3/H/ 7.
3,7/ I/ 4,
7.4/13/ 7,
1.3/13/ 1.
31, 3/ 3/ .52
3,3/ 3/ ,05
17. 2/ 2/ 17.
,5/ 2/ 1,
25.76
4.
5.
,47
16.7
.30
.85
1171.7
4.65
.30
,05
.15
205.7
.82
7.83
506,
•5,70
,976
,969 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULARS G/KM
4
STABILIZED
711.2 (28.0)
579.1 (22,0)
33,9 ( 93,0)
23027,
234,3 ( 0273.)
5.6/11/ 6.
3.9/ I/ 4,
4.2/13/ 4,
1.2/13/ 1.
22. 4/ 3/ .36
3.5/ 3/ ,05
13. 5/ 2/ 14.
,5/.2/ 1,
36,86
2,
3.
.31
13.0
,25
.72
1331,7
6.23
0.00
.04
.12
218.3
1.02
8.31
868.
6.10
.977
.950)
.977)
370.4
78.56
11.80
8.08
3-BAG (4 BAG)
222.9 ( 220.9)
8.49 ( 8.42)
.06 ( .06)
,22 ( .22)
,94 ( ,94)
.056 ( 0.000)

-------
TEST NO.   1B1U55   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CTIO L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 742.70 MM HG<2?.24 IN HG)
RELATIVE IIUrtlDITY  54. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. U20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   DLOUF.R IN'LET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW S"iD. CIJ. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  SCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 GAMPIE METCR/RANGE/PCT
   L02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGC/PPM
   NQX DCKGRD -METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  MET  (DRY)
         SCF,  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,            MM HG
    HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          DEG C
     CARDON DIOXIDE,       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION!     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/K'M
    CARDON MONOXIDE,      G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,   G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE: EMISSIONS RGSULTS
        PROJECT U-4074-001

     VEHICLE NIMB
     DATE    *.,' 9/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 26.1 DEC C(79.0 DEG F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY 11.7 GM/KG

        IIFET

    711.2 (28.0)
    571.5 (22.ti)
     40.0 (104.0)
       21029.
    204.3 (  7215.)
     5.5/11/   5.
     3.0/ I/   4.
     4.3/13/   4,
     1.1/13/   1.
    45.2/ 3/  .70
     3.3/ 3/  .05
    28.7/ 2/  29.
      ,7/ 2/   1,
        17.26
          2.
          3.
         .73
        28.0
          .23
          .67
       2722.3
        11.31
          .96
        766.
     .942 (   .926)
    1.000 (   .976)
       204.3
       43.46
       16,30

      1B1II55
       742.7
        11.7
        26.1
        167,0
        6,35

         .01
         .04
         .69
                                                                                              TEST HEIGHT  1361. KB( 3000. LCS>
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B.2 KU(  11.0 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11074. KM( 6001. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   1.03

-------
  TEST NO.    IB1N56   RUN   3
  VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
  ENGINE 2.0  L(I22. CID)  L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5


  BAROMETER 742.70  MM  HGC29.24 IN IIG>
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  54,  PCT
  DAC  RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM.  H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H2Q)
    BLOUCR INLET TEMP. DEO, C(DEG, F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW GTD. CU. METRE5
 4.9/11/   5,
 4,6/ I/   5.
 2,5/17.'   2,
  .0/13/   1,
17.5/ 3/  .28
 3.4/ 3/  .05
 9.4/ 2/   9.
  ,6/ 2/   1.
    47,83
      0,
      2,
     ,23
     8.8
      ,04
      .20
    675.8
     2,06
      .20
    600,
 ,979 (  .962)
1,000 (  ,900)
    161,6
   34,14
    1,89

  1B1N56
   742,7
    12,2
    26.7
    356.0
   13,57

     ,02
     ,15
    1,51
                                                                                         TECT WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                         DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                         ODOMETER 11090. KM( 6891. MILES)
                                                                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,05

-------
TEST NO.   1B1S57   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L<122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION H5


BAROMETER 742.70 MM flC(29.24 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  51. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIP P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  BCKGSD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAhPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NGX BCKGRD METER/RAKGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO' CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO • MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DEC* UET  (PRY)
      .   SCF> UET  (DRY)   •
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

   TEST  NUMBER.
   BAROMETER.           MM  HG
   HUMIDITY.            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE.        DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.       G/KM
   FUEL'CONSUMPTION.   L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
n
05 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        Pf.'OJFST 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.IB
     DATE    4/ 9/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULD TEMP. 26.7 BEG C<80.0  DEG F>
     ABS. HUMIDITY 11.4  CM/KG

        85 K

    711.2 <20.0)
    571.5 (22.5)
     40,6 (105.0)
       32397.
    314.2 (11095.)
     5.2/11/   5.
     6,5/ I/   7.
     3.1/13/   3.
      .0/13/   1.
    50.21 3/  .87
     3.4/ 3/  .05
    33.7/ 2/  34.
      .O/ 2t   1.
        15.37
         -1,
          2.
         .82
        33.0
         -•.15
          .75
       4730.3
        20.27
         2.72
     '  1100.
     .935 ( .920)
    1.000 ( .976)
       314.2
       66. CO
       27.99

      1B1S57
       742.7   :
        11.4
        24,7
        169,0
        6,42

        -.01
         .03
         .72
                                                                                              TEST UEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000.  LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EH-327 F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11092. KM( 6092. HILEC)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02

-------
 TEST NO.    1B1F50   KUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL     ' NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE  2.0  L<122.  CID)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 742.70  MM  HG(29,24  IN  HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  70.  PCT
 BAG  RESULTS
   BAG  NUMFER
   DESCRIPTION
   BLOUER DIF F MM. H20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P  MM.  H20UN,  H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEHP.  DEG, C(DEG,
   Bl.OUlTR REVOLUTIONS
   TOT  FLOW  STB. C«J. MCTRES(GCF)
   IIC   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC   BCKIiRn METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   BCNGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02  KCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION  FACTOR
   HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC   MASS  GRAMS
   CO   MASS  GRAMS
   C02  MASS  GRAMS
   NOX  MASS  GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
o
    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    Cf)2 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CD L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC» UET (DRY)
         SCF. UET (DRY)
         VOL fSCM)
         SAM ILK (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        1B1F58
    BAROMETER    MM HG  742.7
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12.9
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.3
                                                      VEHICLE NO.ID
                                                      PATE    4/10/01
                                                      BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                      DYNO NO.      2

                                                      DRY DULD TUMP. 23.3 DEO C(74.0 DEB F)
                                                      ABS. HUMIDITY 12.9 CM/KG
       1
COLD TRANSIENT

 711.2 <2G,0)
 571.5 (22.5)
  35.6 < 96.0)
    13065.
 135,0 ( 479.'),)
 10.1/11/  10,
  5,0/ I/   5,
 20.3/13/  26,
 12.1/13/  11,
 34,3/ 3/  .58
  3,0/ 3/  .05
 19.7/ 2/  20,
   ,7/ 2/   .1.
     22.08
       5.
      15.
      ,54
     19,0
       ,42
      2,35
    1330.1
      5,32
       ,39

       ,07
       .41
     233,1
       ,93
      8.89

     505,
     5,74
     .972

           I'.OOO (
                                          TEST  WEIGHT   1J61. KG( 3000.  LBS)
                                          ACTUAL ROAD  LOAD   8.2 KU(  11.0  IIP)
                                          DIEGCL    EM-329-r
                                          ODOMETER 11124, KM(  6912.  MILES)
                                          NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.08
2 3
STABILIZED HOT TRANSIENT
716.3 (28,2) 711,2 (20,0)
574,0 (22.6) 571,5 (22,5)
33.9 ( 93,0) 36,1 ( 97,0)
23012, 13074,
233,0 ( 0257.) 135,0 ( 4794.)
6.0/11/ 6, 7,7/H/ 8.
4.4/ I/ 4, 4,4/ I/ 4,
10.6/13/ 10, 10.2/13/ 9,
9.6/13/ 9, 5.7/13/ 5,
22. 2/ 3/ ,36 31, 3/ 3/ ,52
2,8/ 3/ ,04 3,2/ 3/ ,05
13, 7/ 2/ 14, 18. O/ It 18.
.5/ 2/ 1. ,9/ 2/ 1,
37,15 25.74
2. 3,
1, 4.
,32 ,47
13.2 17,1
,23 .27
.29 ,65
1359,4 1172.7
6,36 -i.79
,33 ,44
.04 ,05
,05 ,11
221,7 205,1
1,04 ,04
8,43 7.81
867, 505,
6,13 5.72
,974 ,973
.945) ,969 (
,973) 1,000 (
369.6
77.76
11.87
8.66

CARBON DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KN
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/Krt
CARBON MONOXIDE G/KM
OXIDES OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
716,3 (28.2)
574,0 (22,6)
35.0 ( 95,0)
23814.
233,4 ( 0241.)
5,4/H/ 5.
4, 1/ I/ 4,
5, 0/13/ 5,
4.7/13/ 4.
22, O/ 3/ ,36
3,2/ 3/ ,05
13, 5/ 2/ 14,
,4/ 2/ 0.
37,55
1,
1,
.31
13.1
.20
.28
1316,4
6.30
0,00
,03
,05
214.7
1.03
8.17
868.
6.13
,974
.947)
,974)
369,2
77,78
11.05
7,99
3-BAG (4-BAG)
219.5 ( 217.4)
8.36 ( 8.20)
,05 ( .05)
.14 ( .14)
.96 ( ,96)
,063 ( 0,000)

-------
 TEST NO.    1C1H59   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE 2.0 Li 122, CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 742,19 MM HG<29.22 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
HAG RESULTS
   1ESI CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H2CKIN, 1120)
   BLOUER INLET P MM, H20UN, H2U)
   BLOUFR INLET TEMP, BEG. C(DEG, F)
   BLOUFR REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. «F.TRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METCR/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RAMGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE MFTFR/RANGE/PCT
   C02 fiCNGRD METER/RAHGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NQX DCNGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONBS
         DFC»  UET  (BRY)
         SCF.  WET  (BRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
CTl
    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETER.            MM HG
    HUMIUITYr             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE?          BEG C
     CARDON DIOXIBEr       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,     L/100KM

    HYDROCAR3f)N5»         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIBE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*   G/KM
 VEHICLE: NO.ID
 DATE    4/10/01
 BAG CART NO.   1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 BRY BULB TlTMP. 25.6 DEO C(70.0 DEC F)
 ADS. HUMIDITY 11.2 GM/KG

    HFET

721,4 (20,4)
584,2 (23,0)
 41,1 (106,0)
   21016,
203,5 ( 7187.)
 5.7/11/   
-------
TRANSMISSION M5
                     RUN    4
                   NA FIAT C
                  CID) L-4
BAROMETER 742.19 MM HG(29,22 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  66, PCT
BAG RCGULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIP P MM, H20(IN. H20)  .
   BLOUER INLET P MM. II20CIN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEC. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT Fl.OU GTD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  CAMPLE METER/RANfiE/PPM
   MC  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CD  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS fiRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MAGS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  WET  (DRY)
         SCF,  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM PLR (SCM)
      •  KM   (MEASURED)    •    ,  '

   TEST  NUMBER.
   BAROMETER»           KM .HG
   HUMIDITY.            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE.        BEG  C
     CARDON DIOXIDE.       G/KM
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/100NM

   HYDK'OCARDONS.        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/Ktl
   OXIDES OF  HITROGEN.  C/KM
o
                                                       VEHICLE  NO.ID
                                                       DATE     4/JO/B1
                                                       BAD CART NO,   1
                                                       DYNO. NO.       2
                                                       CVS NO,   3

                                                       DRY BULB TEMP, 23.3 BEG C(74.0 BEG D
                                                       ADS, HUMIDITY  12,i CM/KG

                                                         NYCC

                                                      711.2 (20.0>
                                                      571,5 (22,5)
                                                       37.6 (100,0)
                                                        U452.
                                                      160,0 ( 567f,',)
                                        TEST UEICiHT  1361.  K0<  3000.  LB(3>
                                        ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KU(  11.0 IIP)
                                        DIESEL    EM-327-F
                                        ODOhCTER 11164,  KH( 6937.  HIttS)
                                        NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,05
                                                                S.
                                                                4,
                                                                05
                                                                9,
                                                                1.
                                                      1
4.9/11/
4,0/ I/
2.3/13/
1.7/13/
6.U 3/
3,4/ 3/
9,I/ 2/
 ,6/ 2/
   50.55
     1.
     1,
    .21
    8,5
     ,09
     .10
   620.3
    2.75
     .63
   599.
.9GO < .959)
.000 ( .974)
'  160.8
  34.24
   1,91

 1B1N60
  742.2
   12.1
   23.3
   329.2  .
  12.52   '

    ,05
    .05
   1.44

-------
  AT"7
  EN
  TRANSMISSION M5


  BAROMETER 742.19 MM HG(29.22 IN HG)
  RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  57.  PCT
  DAG  RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD,  CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC SAhPLK MCTER/fVANCE/PPM
    HC BCKGRD ME1ER/RANGE/PPM
    CO SAMPLE MFTER/RANGE/PPM
    CO BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/FFN
    C02 GAMPIE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/FPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/FPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
O   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
,1   HC MASS GRAMS
oo   CO MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TiME             SECONDS
          DFC. UET (DRY)
          SCF. WET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

     TEST  NUMBER.
     BAP.OMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITY.            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE.         DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
 VEHICLE NO.IB
 flATE    4/10/81
 DAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY DULB TCMP. 25.6 DEG CC7Q.O DEG F)
 ADS. HUMIDITY 11.9 CM/KG

    85 K

711.2 (28.0)
579.1 (22.8)
 41.1 (106.0)
   32939.
310.9 (11260.)
 4.5/11/   4.
 4.0/ \/   4.
 1.1/13/   1,
 1.0/13/   1.
47.7/ 3/  ,C2
 2.9/ 3/  .C4
32.3/ 2/  32.
  .5/ 2/   1.
    16.27
      1.
      0.
     .78
    31.8
      .14
      .05
   4561.6
    20.21
     2.76
   1200.
 .939 ( .921)
l.COO ( .974)
   310.9
   60.18
   20.42

  1D1S61
   742.2
    11.9
    25.6
    160.5
    6.10

     .00
     .00
     .71
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KC(  3000.  LBQ)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM--329 F
ODOMETER 11166.  KM( 6730.  MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.04

-------
   SUMMARY OF REGULATED EMISSIONS  FROM FIAT NATURALLY ASPIRATED DIESEL
         •RESEARCH VEHICLE,  EM-469-P FUEL,  WITH CATALYTIC TRAP
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
BC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOjj, g/mi
Particulate, g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal

1B2F64
3-b FTP
4/15
1
0.08
0.35
1.51
0.08
28.5
1B2F68
3-b FTP
4/16
2
0.08
0.39
1.56
0.05
28.7
1B2F72
3-b FTP
4/20
3
0.11
0.48
1.61
0.07
28.9
1B2F76
3-b FTP
4/21
4
0.11
0.42
1.69
0.06 ,
29.0.

1B2H65
HFET
4/15
1 '
0.03
0.05
1.14
0.07
38.0
1B2H69
HFET .
4/16
2
0.03
0.08
1.16
0.06
39.1
1B2H73
HFET
4/20
3
'0.03
0.10
1.19
0.05
39.5
1B2H77
HFET
4/21
4
0.03
0.05
1.14
0.06
39.1

Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
EC, g/mi .
CO, g/mi
HOx, g/mi
Particulate, g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
1B2N66
NYCC
4/15
1
0.05
0.23
2.25
0.23
18.5
1B2N70
NYCC
4/16
2
0.08
0.24
2.27
0.10
18.6
1B2N74
NYCC
4/20
3
a


0.18
a
1B2N78
NYCC
4/21
4
0.00
0.14
2.25
0.12
18.8









1B2S67
85 kph
4/15
1
0.00
0.00
1.13
0.08
39.5
1B2S71
85 kph
.4/16
2
"0.00
0.00
1.14
0.11
33.7
1B2S75
85 pltfi
4/20
.3
0.02
0.05
1.13
0.07
40.6
1B2S79
85 pkh
4/21
4
0.02-
0.02
1.11
0.09
40. 1
Data not
  acceptable

-------
 TFTGT  NO.    1H2F64   RUii   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE  2.0 H122. CTD) L 4
 1RANCMIGGION H5

 BAROMETER  749.55 MM 116(29,51 IN IIG)
 REIAFIVE HUMIDITY  52, PCT
 HAG RESULTS
   HAG  NUMBER
   BESCSVIPTION
    BLGUER DIP P MM. H20(IN. 1120)
    FtlOUER INI FT P MM. II2(1
34,4 ( 94.!))
2J822.
236.3 ( C344,)
5.2/11/ 5.
3.7/ I/ 4.
2.4/13/ 2.
.3/13/ 0.
22. LV 3/ .36
3.4/ 3/ .05
14. O/ 2/ 15,
l.H/ 2/ :.'.
3 7. 2.5
2.
C. *
.31
13,3
,T?
.51
1334.7
5.99
0.00
.04
.00
213.5
.76
7.V3
868.
6.25
.900
.953)
.979)
373.5
79.29
12.05
7.73







































3- DAG (i DM})






CARBON DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM
CARBON MONOXIDE G/'KM
oxrncr. or NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATCS G/KM
221.6 ( ;.'17
3.25 ( 0,
.05 i.
.22 (
.94 C
,050 ( i>.i)
. y)
ID
OS)
20)
92)
iVO)

-------
TEST NO.   11121165   RUN    1
VEHICLE MODEL      NA  FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L--4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 749.55 MM !IG<27.51  IN !IG>
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P hM. 1120(IN. 1120)
   DI.OUCR INLET P MM, H20(IN.  1120)
   Bl.OUER INLET TEMP. BEG. C(DEG.  F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  CAMPLE rtETER/RANOE/PPM
   IIC  fcCKGRB MEIER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  KGKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
   C02 CAhPLE METCR/RANGC/rCT
   C02 I:CKr,!VD HETCR/RANGE/PCT
   NOX GAHPLC METER/RANGE/PPM
   N'OX DCKCiRD hETCR/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION1 FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO? CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   IIC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO . hAGG GRAMS
   C02 MAGS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  HACG GRAMS  -
   RUN TIME              SECONDS
         fiFCr  UET  (DRY)
         SCr»  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (GCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
n

NJ
    TEST NUMBER»
    BAROMETER r           MM 116
    HUMIDITY •             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE»          DEC C
     CriRDON DIOXIDE»       G/KM
    FUEL CONtiUMPHONj    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDEi      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROfiCN,  G/KM
HFET   VOIICLE EMISSION:; fvCGULTS
        PSOJJTCl 11-4074 001

     VEHICLE NC.1H
     DATE    4/15/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      ?.
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULD TEMP. 25.4 BEG C(70.0 DEO D
     ADS, HUMIDITY 10.Z KM/KG

        HFET

    711.2 (1'C.O)
    576.6 (22.7)
     3?.4 (103.0)
       21007.
    206.6 (  72f6.)
     5.9/11/   6.
     4.0/ I/   4.
     2.7/13/   2.
      .1/13/   0.
    45.O/ 3/  .77
     3,1/ 3/  .05
    30.C/ 2/  31.
     ' .O/ 2/   1.
        17.35
          O
          L  4
          2.
         ,7J
        30.0
          .25
          .55
       2749,5
        11.71
          .76
        765.
     ,742 (   .727)
    1.000 (   .977)
       '206.6
       44,14
       16.52

      1021165
       749.6
        10.3
        25.6
        166,5
        6.19

         ,02
         ,03
         .71
                                                                                               TCGT UCir.HT  1361. M5< 3000. iliii
                                                                                               ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0,2 KW< 11.0 IIP*
                                                                                               UICSEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                               ODOMETER 11352. KM( 7054. MILES>
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION fflCTOk

-------
TEST NO.    1E2N66    RUN    1
VEI.'ICLG MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0  LO22. CID) L--4
TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 749.55 MM  110(29.51  IN  IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   GLOWER DIF P MM. H2QUN.  1120)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN,  1120)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG.  C(DEC.  F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW  GTD. CD, METRES(SCF)
   HC  CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  EiCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   CO? BCKGRD METER/RANTiE/PCT
   NOX CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX 8CKGRD NETER/RA'NGE/PPM
   DILUTION  FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  FTM
   HC' MAGS  GRAMS
   CO  MASS  GR,iMO
   f.02 HA3S  GRAMS
   NOX MACS  GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIMF              SECONDS
         DFC» UET (DRY)   •
         3CF, UET (DRY)
         VOL  (GCM)
         SAM  f.'LR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
n
i.
    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.           MM IIG
    HUMIDITY»             G/KG
    TEMPERATUREF         DEC C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CUNGUMPTIONr    L/100KM

    HYDROCrtRCONCF        G/KM
    CARIiOf.' MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF  .NITROGEN.  G/KM
                                                  NYCC   VCillCI.C EMISSIONS ftCGULTS
                                                          PRO.ICCT 11-4074-001

                                                       VClilCt.E NO. IK
                                                       HATE    4/15/01
                                                       BAG CART NO,   1
                                                       DYNO NO.       2
                                                       CVG NO.   3

                                                       DRY BULU TcMP. 25,0 LEG C<77.0 HEG Fi
                                                       ADC, HUMIDITY  10.5 CM/KG

                                                          NYCC

                                                      711.2 (20.0)
                                                      576.L (22.7)
                                                       35.0 ( 95.0)
                                                         16450.
                                                      163,2 ( 5764.)
                                         Tl-ST U'EIOIIT  1361. K0< 3000. l.B:;>
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B.2 KIH  11.0  i;P)
                                         DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                         ODOMETER 1136G. KM( 7064, «Iir:;.'
                                         NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99
                                                                 5.
                                                                 4.
                                                                 2,
                                                                 0..
                                                                ,27
                                                                .05
                                                                10.
                                                                 1,
 4.7/11/
 4.I/ I/
 1.7/13/
  .I/I,!/
17.I/ 3/
 3,4/ 3/
 9.6/ 2/
  ,9/ ?./
    49.02
      1.
      1,
                                                           8.7
                                                            .OA
                                                            .27
                                                          662.7
                                                           2.71
                                                            ,27
                                                          600.
                                                        ,900 ( ,963)
                                                      1.000 ( ,931)
                                                         163.2
                                                         34.. 64
                                                          1,93

                                                        1B2N66  -.
                                                         749.6
                                                          10,5
                                                          25.0
                                                          342.5
                                                         12.73

                                                           .03
                                                           .14
                                                          1.40

-------
TEST NO.    1C2S67    RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL       NA  FIAT CAT
ENGINE- 2.0  1(122,  CID)  L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
,'iARllMF.TER 749,30 MM  H0(27.50 IN IIC)
RELATIVE HUMiniTY  50.  PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TCST CYCLL
   BLOWER DIF P MM.  II20UN.  1120)
   DI.OUER INLET P MM.  IIPOdN.  1120)
   HLOUER INLET TEMP,  DEC.  C(DEG.  F)
   OLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW GTD. CU. Mi.TRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGLVPPM
   HC  CCKGRD METER/'RANGE/PPM
   CO  CAMPLE MCTFR/RANBE/PPM
   CO  BC'KGRO METuR/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE ME7ER/RANCE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX CAMPLE METER/RANfiE/PPM
   NOX DCKGRD hETER/RANGE/PPh
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO? CONCI-NTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MAGS  GRAMS
   CO  MACC  GRAMS
   C02 HAGC  GRAMS
o
to
    PARTICULAR. MAGS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         HFC,  WET (DRY)
         SCF»  WET (DRY)
         VOL (CCriJ
         SAM BLR CGCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMDERf
    BAROhr.TtT>
                                                                                                ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.7 K.tH 11.0 li
                                                                                                DIESEL    EM 469 F
                                                                                                ODOMETER 11370.  KM( 7065^ hll.i:1';/
                                                                                                NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   1.00
                                                                  4.
                                                                  0.
                                                                  0,
                                                                  01
                                                                  04
    4A.9/ ?,/
     2.7/ 3/
    32, Lt 2/
       ,9/ 2/   1.
        16.50
          -0.
          0.
          .77
        31.0
         -,03
          .10
       4549.0
        19.75
          1.34
       1200.
     .940 ( ,?:'4)
    1.000 ( ,v76)
       324.4
       69.01
       20.38

       1D2C67
       749.3
        10. 6
        26.1
        160.3
        5.95

        -.00
          .00
          ,70

-------
 TEST NO.   JD2F6P   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
 ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 740.54 MM 110(29.47 IN HO
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIE P MM. II20(IN, 1120)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN. 1120)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
    niOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FI.OU STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    !IC  SAMPLE METER/RANCE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD MCTER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  GAMPIE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CD  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/'RANCE/PPM
    NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
•j   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
'    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
£   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS CRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY  CB L/lOOKrt
  SECONDS
  KM
    RUN TIME
    MEASURED DISTANCE
    SCFr DRY
         HFC, UET (DRY)
         SCF» UET (DRY)
         V0!_ (CCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
COMPOSITE RESI/l.TS
    TEST MUMPER
    BAROMETER    MM IIG
    HUMIDITY     G/KG
    TEMPERATURE  DEO C
1B2F68
 740.5
  11.0
  25.6
                         FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                 PKOJCC1 11 4074-001

                              VEHICLE HO.1C
                              HATE    4,14/01
                              BAH CART 1:0, 1 / CVS NO.  3
                              DYNO NO.      2

                              DRY BULD 1EMP. 25.6 DEC C(70.0 DEC F)
                              ADS. HUMIDITY 11.8 CM/KG
                                                                                              TECT UEICIIf   1361. KG( 3000. !.!;$>
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   to,2 NU(  11.0  HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM  469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  11402. KM(  7005.  MILL'S)
                                                                                              NOX  HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR  1.04
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
716. 3 (20,2)
574.0 (22.,',)
36.1 ( 97.0)
13997.
137.8 ( 40^5, >
9.2/11/ 9.
4.5/ I/ 5.
20.0/13/ 13.
1.5/13/ 1.
34. 5/ 3/ .58
3.3/ 3/ .05
20. 9/ 21 :i.
l.O/ 2/ 1.
23.13
5,
1A.
.53
19.9
.39
2.63
1332,6
5.45
.13
.07
, .46
231.7
.95
3,64
510,
5.75
,976
,9o7 (
1.000 <






2
STABILIZED
721.4 (20.4)
534,2 (23.0)
33.9 ( 93.0)
23745.
234.4 ( B27C.)
6.6/11/ 7.
4.9/ I/ 5.
4.6/13/ 4.
1.2/13/ 1.
22. 7/ 3/ .37
3. I/ 3/ .05
14. 5/ 2/ 15.
.7/ 2/ 1.
36.33
2.
3.
.32
13,8
,25
.32
1300.5
6.42
.21
.04
,13
225.0
1.05
0.37
865.
6.14
.970
.949)
.970)
372.2
77.74
11. G9
8.50

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
716,3 (20,2)
574.0 (22.6)
36.1 ( 97.0)
13049.
136.3 ( 4013.)
9.3/11/ 9.
1.9/ I/ 5.
11.1/13/ 10.
.5/13/ 0.
31. 2/ 3/ .52
3.4/ 3/ .05
13. 4/ 2/ 13,
,8/ 2/ 1.
25,02
5.
9.
.47
17.6
,36
1,48
1165.5
4.76
.1?
,06
.26
202.8
.03
7.55
505.
5,75
.977
.969 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARDONS (TIIC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STAfilLi.-'l.'iJ
721.4 (20.4)
504.2 (1'3.0)
34.4 ( 94.0)
23303.
234.7 ( G200.)
6.7/11/ 7.
4,9/ I/ S,
3.4/13/ 3.
.6/13/ 1.
21.9,' 3/ .35
3.2/ 3/ .05
14. O/ 2/ 14.
,9/ 2/ 1.
37.75
2.
2.
,31
13.1
.26
.67
1316.5
6,11
0.00
$04
.11
214.0
.99
7.96
867.
6.15
.970
,951)
,973)
371.0
77.51
11.90
7.76
3-DAG (4 DAG)
220.3 ( 217.0)
8.20 ( 0,03)
.05 < .05)
.24 ( .23)
.97 < ,95)
.031 ( 0.000)

-------
TEST NO.   1B2IW9   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      MA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L<122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 740.20 MM HO(29.46 IN 110)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  65. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER niF P MM. II20(IN. M20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20CIN, 1120)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
       SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
       BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
       SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
       BCKGRD METER/RANHE/PPM
   Cfl2 SAMPLE METtK.'RAMRE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
       MASS GRAMS
       MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS CRAMS
   NOX MAGS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MAGS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC*  WET  (DRY)
         SCF,  WET  (DRY)
     •    VOL  (GCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o

NJ
     HC
     HC
     CO
     CO
     IIC
     CO
    TEST  NIIMPERf
    BAROMETER*            MM IIG
    HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATUREF          DEC C
     CARDON  DIOXIDE*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTIONi     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.         G/Krt
    CARSON MONOXIDEr      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
I    VLIUL1.L  LMISSIONS  RESULTS
     FTCOJECV ll-4!37-»-001

  VEHICLE NO. IB
  BATE    4/16/01
  BAG CART NO.   1
  DYNO  NO.       2
  CVG NO.    3

  BRY BULB TEMP. 22.0  BEG C(73.0  BEG F)
  ADS.  IIUMIMTY  11.5 CM/KG

    HFET

711.2  (20.0)
571,5  (22,5)
  35.6  < 76.0)
    21007.
207.0  ( 73(9.)
  7.5/11/    7.
.  4,9/  I/    5.
  4.3/13/    4,
                                                                                               TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG<  3000.  LJJG)
                                                                                               ACTUAL ROAD LOAB   0,2 KW( 11.0 !!!')
                                                                                               DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                               ODOMETER 11425.  KM< 7099. MILEG)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.03
 43. I/  3/   .74
  3,0/  3/   .05
 29, 7/  2/   30,
  l.O/  2/    1,
     10.19
       3.
       3,
      .69
     28,0
       ,34
       ,76
    2623.5
     11,70
       .59
     765,
  .945  (  .925)
 1.000  (  .972)
    207,0   •
    43,29
    16.21

   1B2II69
    740.3
     11.5  •'
     22.8
     161.9
     6.02

      ,02
      .05
      .72

-------
TEST NO.   IB2N70   RUN   2  ,
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) t-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 740.03 MM 110(27.45 IN 110)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  46, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TCGT CYCLC
   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   EH.OUCR INLET P MM. II20UN. H20)
   DL.OUCR INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS.
   TOT FLOW STD. CU.  METRES(SCF)
   KC  SAMPLE METER'RANGE/PPM
   IIP.  BCKGRD METER/RANOE/PPM
   CO  CAMPLE ME1ER/RANCE/PPM
   CO  DCKCRD METER/RANOE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX SCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   HC  MASH GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MAGS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DEC.  UET  (DRY)
         SCF.  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM PLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
to
cn
    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETERi            MM HG
    HUMIDITY.             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.          DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    HYDROCARDONS.         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE?      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.   G/KM
                                                  NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RECULTS
                                                         PROJECT H-4074 001

                                                      VEHICLE NO, IB
                                                      DATE    4/16/01
                                                      BAG CART HC,   1
                                                      DYNO NO,       2
                                                      CVS NO,   :<
 DRY BULB TEMP,
 ADS,  HUMIDITY

    NYCC

711,2 (20,0)
574,0 (22,6)
 35,6 (  76.0)
   16452,
162,0 (  5721.)
 5.5/11/
 4.5/ I/
 1.9/13/
  .1/13/
17. O/ 3/
 3.3/ 3/
10, 1/ 2/
 1,0/ 2/
    49,30
      1.
     9.1
      .10
      .30
    657.3
     2.73
      .12
    600,
 .900 (
1.000 (
   162,0
   33,92
    1.94

  1E2N70
   740.0
     9.6
    25.6
    339.5
   12.62

     .05
     .15
    1.41
                                                                5,
                                                                5,
                                                                2,
                                                                0,
                                                                .27
                                                                .05
                                                                10.
                                                              9f.3)
                                                                     25.6 BEG C(70,0 DEd F)
                                                                     9,6 CM/KG
                                         TEGT WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000, IJiG)
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11,0 HP)
                                         DIESEL    EM- 469-F
                                         ODOMETER 11441, KIU 7109, Mil EG)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .97

-------
TEST NO.    UI2G71   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0  LU22, CIIO L--4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 743.03 MM HG(29.45 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  47. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEGT CYCLE

   BLOWER LiIF P MM. II20(IN. H20)
   PLOUCR INLET P MM. H20(IN. 1120)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   DLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANBE/PPN
   IIC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PFM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PFM
   CO  HCKGRB METr:R/RANCE/PFM
   C02 CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   CG2 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANCE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION  PPH
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MAGS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MAGS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME              SECONDS
         DFCr  WET  (DRY)
         SCFr  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
to
    TEST NUMBERf
    BAROMETER.           MM IIG
    HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATUREi          BEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIHE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN?  G/KM
05 KT-JI VEIIICLC EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11 4074 001

     VEHICLE NO.ID
     DATE    4/14/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     PYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB VEMP.  26,I BEG C(79.0 BEG F)
     ADS.  IIUMIMTY 10.1 CM/KG

        85 K

    716,3 (20,2)
    579.1  (22.1;)
     37.0 (100.0)
       32947.
    323.4 (11421.)
     4.B/11/   5.
     4.5/ I/   5,
      .6/137   1,
      .4/13/   0.
    48.I/ 3/  .03
     3.2/ 3/  .05
    34.O/ 2/  24.
      .O/ 2/   1.
        16.12
          1.
          0.
         .78
        33.2
          .11
          .07
       464i,4
        20,15
         1.95
       1201.
     .933 (  .9/4)
    1.000 (  .977)
       323.4
       67,99
       20.37

      1B2S71
       740.0
        iO.l
        26.1
        163.0
        6.08

         .00
         .00
         .71
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361. K0( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11,0 IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-469 F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11442. KMf 7110. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .90

-------
TEST NO,   1B2F72   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL     . NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) LA
TRANSMISSION M5

BAROMETER 7.10.63 MM HG(29,03 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOUER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
   [(LGUER INLET P MM. II20(IN, M20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. BEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
   I1C  SAMPLE METFR/RANGE/PFM
   HC  DCKGRD METcR/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 ECKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
       MASS GRAMS
n

to
CO
     HC
     CO
        MAG
             GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX I1A3Q GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    IIC  GRAMS/KM
    CO.  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM             '   .
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CD .L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFi DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCr, UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION.L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        1B2F72
    BAROMETER    MM IIC  730.6
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12.6
    TEMPERATURE  BEG C   27,8
                                                  fTP    VCIIICI.C CMICfilONC  RCSULTS
                                                          PROJECT 11-4074 -001

                                                       VEHICLE NO.IB
                                                       DATE    4/20/01
                                                       BAG CART NO.  1 /  CVS NO.   3
                                                       DYNO NO.      2

                                                       DRY BULB TEMP, 27.0  DEC C«J2.0 DEC F)
                                                       ADS.  HUMIDITY 12.6 CM/KG
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LUS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD   8.2 Ml<  II.0 SIP)
                                                                                              MEOEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  11404. KM( 7136. MILIER)
                                                                                              NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION  FACTOR   1.06
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
706.1 (27. C)
566.4 (22.3)
37.0 (100.0)
13362.
134.9 ( 47(f.2.)
15.4/11/ 15.
'6. I/ I/ 6,
20.7/13/ ::6.
1.6/13/ 1.
34. O/ 3/ .58
2,9/ 3/ .04
19. O/ 2/ 20.
.!/ 2/ 0.
22.06
10.
24.
.54
19.7
.75
. 3.01
1332.4
5.41
,35
.13
.67
234.3 '
.95
0.76
505.
5.69 -
,P7S '
.967 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
711,2 (20.0)
571.5 (22.5)
34.4 ( 94.0)
23004.
232.6 ( 0214.)
0.5/11/ 0.
6.4/ I/ 6,
6.3/13/ 6.
1.4/13/ 1.
22. C/ 3/ .36
2.6/ 3/ .04
14. 2/ 2/ 14.
.!/ 2/ 0.
37.52
2,
4.
,32
14.1
.30
1.18
1350.4
6.68
.23
.05
.19
220.7
1.09
0.21
867.
6.12
.900
.951)
.979)
367.5
70.50
11.00
8.47

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
706.1 (27.8)
566.4 (22.3)
37.2 ( 99.0)
13865.
135.0 ( 4766.)
11,6/H/ 12.
6.4/ I/ 6.
13.3/13/ 12.
4.0/13/ 4.
31, O/ 3/ ,51
3.2/ 3/ .05
10, 6/ 2/ 19.
,5/ 2/ 1.
25.98
5.
0.
.47
18.1
.43
1.31
1152.5
4.98
.26
.07
.23
201.3
.07 •
7.50
505.
5,73
.970
.969 (
1.000 I





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THE) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KN
4
STABILIZED
711.2 (20.0)
571.5 (22.5)
34.4 ( 94.0)
23704.
232.4 ( B206.)
9.2/11/ 9.
6.6/ I/ 7.
6.9/13/ 6.
3.2/13/ 3.
21. O/ 3/ .35
3.2/ 3/ .05
14. 5/ 2/ 15.
.O/ 2/ J.
37.37
3.
3.
.30
13.7
.30
.90
1296.1
6.49
0.00
.06
.15
209.0
1.05
7.01
867.
6.18
,900
,953)
,979)
367,4
70.41
11.90
7,66
3-BAG (4 -BAG)
210.2 ( 215.0)
8.13 ( 0.01)
.07 ( .08)
.30 < .29)
1.00 ( .99)
.044 ( 0.000)

-------
o
to
vo
TEST NO,   1B2H73   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2,0 L(122. CID) I.-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 737,07 M!1 (10(27,05 IN MB)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  49, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P fiM, II2CKIN. H20)
   DLOUrR INLET P MM, II30UN, 1120)
   niOUER INLET TEMP, DEO, C(DEO, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STB, CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  nCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   rn  tiCKGRn MFTER/RANOE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE ME1ER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   fIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  UET  (BRY)
         SCF,  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (PCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
    TEST  NUMBERi
    BAROMETERi
    HUMIDITYi
    TEMPERATURE.
     CARBON DIOXIDE,
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,

    HYDROCARBONSF
    CARBON MONOXIDE?
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,
                          MM HG
                          G/KG
                          BEG C
                           G/KM
                          L/100KM

                          G/KM
                          G/KM
                          G/KM
                                                  HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                          PROJECT 11--4074-001

                                                       VEHICLE  NO.ID
                                                       DATE    4/20/01
                                                       BAG CART NO,   1
                                                       DYNO NO.      2
                                                       CVS NO.    3

                                                       BRY BULB TEMP, 20,3 BEG C(03.0 DEO F>
    HFET

706.1 (27.(I)
546,4 (22,;;)
 40,6 (105.0)
   21000,
202.6 (  71J.5.)
 9,2/H/   9,
 6,6/ I/   7,
 6.1/13/   6,
 1,0/lV   2,
43,9/ 3/  .75
 3,2/ 3/  .05
29,9/ 21  30,
   ,6/ 2/   1.
    17,01
      3.
      4,
     .70
    29,3
      ,35
      ,90
   2613,6
    12,00
      ,53
    765,
 ,944 (   .927)
1.000 (   ,977)
   202,6
   43,61
   16,30

   1B2II73
   737,9
    12.3
    20.3
    160.3
    5.96

     .02
     .06
     .74
                                         TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LUD)
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                         DIESEL    CM-469-F
                                         ODOMETER 11507. KM< 7150. MILES)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.06

-------
o
u>
O
  TEST NO.    1C2N74   RUN   3
  VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
  ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 737.11 MM 110(29.02 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  46. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. II20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   DLQWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RAK'GE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   •C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 CCNGPD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION  PP1
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   IIC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS  CRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC.  UET  (DRY)
         SCF,  UET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
     TEST NUMBERt
     BAROMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITY,            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE.         DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.IB
     DATE    4/20/01
     DAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 27.0 DEG C(02.0 BEG  F)
        NYCC

    706.1  (27.0)
    566.4  (22.:»
     36.1  (  77,0)
       16452.
    159.9  (  56-15.)
     6.9/11/   7.
     5.0/  I/   5.
     4.0/13/   4.
     1.0/13/   1.
    16.3/  3/  ,26
     2.6/  3/  ,04
     8.0/  2/   0.
      ,3/  2/   0.
        51.45
          2.
          3.
         .22
         7.7
          .18
          .50
        445.3
        2.30
          .21
        599.
     -901  (  .9
    1.000  (  ,9f!3)
       157.9
       34.01
        1.93

      1B2N74
       737.1
        11.0
        27.8
        334.4
       12.44

         .09
         .26
        1.23
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000.  IMS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 I if)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM 46?--F
                                                                                             ODOMETER 11523.  KM( 7160. MILES)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR   1.01

-------
TEST NO.    1B2S75   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0  LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 736,05 MM HC(29,01 IN HG)
RELATIVE IIUMIDITr  46, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLQUER DIE P MM, II20(IN, H20)
   DLOUER INLCT P MM. II20(IN. 1120)
   Dl.OUER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW GTD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PFh
   C02 CAMPLE HFTER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANCE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METEKVRANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCfNTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   IIC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   CD2 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  UfT  (DRY)
         SCF,  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         •SAM NR (SCM>
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
co
    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETERF            MM HG
    HUMIDITY?            6/KG
    TEMPERATURE.          DEC C
     CARBON DIOXIDE?       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONSr         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE?      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN, •G/KM
US KI'H VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJCCT 11-4C74--001

     VEHICLE NO,IB
     DATE    4/20/B1
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVG NO,    3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 27,0 DEC C(02,0 DEG F)
     ABS,  HUMIDITY 11,0 CM/KG

        05 K

    706,1  (27,CD
    566.4  (22,?)
     41,1  (106.0)
       32943.
    316,0 (11107.)
     6,1/H/   6.
   .  5,5/ I/   6,
     4.2/13/   4,
     1.6/13/   1.
    46.9/ 3/  .01
     3.I/ 3/  .05
    32.9/ 2/  23.
      .3/ 2/   0.
        16,57
          1.
          2,
         ,76
        32,6
          ,16
          .86
       4426.2
        19.9C
         1,28
       1200,
     .940 ( .926)
    1,000 ( .970)
       316.8 . .
       68.13
       28,35

      1B2S75
       736.9
        11.0:
        27,8
        156.1
        5.30

         .01
         .03
         .70
                                                                                              TEST HEIGHT  1361. K0( 3000. LD3)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    CM-467-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11526. KM( 7162. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   1.01

-------
 TEST NO.    1C2r76    RUN    4
 VEHICLE MODEL       NA FIAT CAT
.ENGINE 2.0  LU22.  CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION MS

BAROMETER 739.14 MM  116(29.10  IN h'G)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY   67. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   PAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
   BLOWER DIP P MM. I!20(IN. 1120)
   KLOUER INLET P MM. H20UN,  M20)
   EtLOUCR INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   HLOWCR REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCr>
   (1C  GAMBLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX GAMPIE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX DCMiRD HCTCR/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION  rACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
       MACS  GRAMS:
 n
 u>
. to
      HC
      CO   MAGS  GRAMS
      C02  MASS  GRAMS
      NOX  MASS  GRAMS
      PARTICULATE  MAGS GRAMS

      IIC   GRAMS/KM
      CO   GRAMS/KM
      C02  GRAMS/KM
      NOX  GRAMS/KM
      FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CD L/100KM

      RUN  TIME              SECONDS
      MEASURED  DISTANCE    KM
      SCF. DRY
           DFCt UET (HRY)
           SCr, L'ET (DRY)
           VOl  (SCM)
           SAM  BLR (SCM)
           KM  (MEASURED)
           FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

  COMPOSITE RESULTS
      TEST NUMBER         1B2F76
      BAROMETER    MM HG  739.1
      HUMIDITY      G/KG    13,8
      TEMPERATURE   DEG C   25.0
                                                          vi_,,1^1-1-  unic,ailir<^  KLOULIb
                                                           PROJECT 11  4074-001

                                                        VCIIICLE  NO. ID
                                                        DATE     4/21/01
                                                        DAG CART |JO,  1 /  CVS NO.   3
                                                        DYNO  NO.      2

                                                        DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0  DEG C(77.0  DEG  F)
                                                        ADS,  HUMIDITY  13,0 CM/KG
TEST UCIGIIT  1361. KG( 3000. Ll-S>
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 II
DICGEL    CM 469--F
ODOMETER 11557. KM< 7131. HHEU)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.11
1
lOLD TRANSIENT
706.1 (27.0)
566,4 (22.3)
36.7 ( 90.0)
13073,
135.2 ( 4774.)
11.7/11/ 12.
4.9/ I/ 5,
30.6/13/ ro,
8.4/13/ 8,
34, 9/ 3/ .58
2,9/ 3/ .04
21, 5/ 2/ ::2,
1,5/ ?/ 2,
22.00
7,
20.
.54
20.1
,56
3.17
1340.3
5,76
.28
.10
.55
233.8
1,01
0,73
505,
5.73
.973
,766 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
711,2 (28.0)
571.5 (22.5)
33.9 < 93,0)
23797,
232,9 ( C223.)
7.3/11/ 7,
4.97 I/ 5.
13.0/13/ 12,
9.5/13/ 9,
22. 7/ 3/ .37
3.2/ 3/ ,05
15. 5/ 2/ 14.
1,4/ If 1,
36.24
3,
4.
.32
14.1
.34
1.08
1365,0
7.00
.23
.06
.17
221.3
1.13
0.24
867.
6.17
.975
,745)
.974)
360.1
7C.39
11.90
8.47

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
706.1 (27.0)
566.4 (22.3)
36,7 ( 98.0)
13066.
135,1 ( 4771.)
9.6/11/ 10,
4.9/ I/ 5.
14.4/13/ 13.
6.2/13/ i,.
30. 3/ 3/ .50
2.7/ 3/ ,04
17, I/ 2/ 19,
1,1/ 2/ 1.
26.63
5.
7.
.46
in.o
.33
1.16
1141.0
5,18
,20
.07
.20
200.0
,91
7.45
505,
5.71
.974
,970 (
1.600 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
711.2 (20.0)
571.5 (2?,5>
34,4 ( 94,0)
23000.
232.6 ( 0214.)
7.0/11/ 7.
5.0/ I/ 5.
0.6/13/ 0.
6.4/13/ 6.
21. 4/ 3/ .35
2.0/ 3/ .04
14, 6/ 2/ 15.
,9/ 2/ 1.
30.62
2.
2.
.30
n,?
.20
.55
1293.7
6.73
0.00
.05
.09
210.4
1.10
7.02
867,
6.15
.975
.749)
.975)
367.7
7C.33
11.05
7.64
3 -DAG (4 BAG)
21C.1 { 214.8)
8.12 ( G.OO)
.07 ( ,06)
,26 ( .24)
1.05 ( 1.04)
.039 ( 0,000)

-------
TEST NO.   1B2H77   RUN   A
VEHICLE MODEL      NA FIAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 730.63 MM 110(29.00 IN IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOUER DIF P MM. II20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. BEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METREG(SCF)
   HC  GAMPLE METER/RANCE/PPM
   IIC  tCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR   '
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION rTM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASG GRAMS
   CTO  MASG GRAMS
   C02 MACG GRAMS
   NOX' MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFCi  UET  (DRY)
         SCF,  UET  (DRY)'
        'VOL  
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
o
    TEST  NUMBERF
    BAROMETER,            MM  HG
    HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,          BEG C.
     CARBON DIOXIDE,       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     ' G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,   G/KM
HFET   VEHICLC EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.IB
     BATE    4/21/81
     BAG CART NO.   1
     BYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.6 BEG C(70.0 BEG F)
     ABS. UUMIIHTY 11.2 GM/KG

        HFET

    706.1 (27. fl)
    566.4 (22.3)
     30.9 (102.0)
       21015.
    203.7 (  7193.)
  •   7.5/11/   B.
     5.6/ I/   6.
     6.1/13/   6,
     4.2/13/   4.
    43.C/ 3/  .75
     3.I/ 3/  .05
    29.9/ 2/  M,
     l.O/ 2/   1.
        17.06
          2,
          2.
         .70
        29.0
          .26
          .43
       2625.9
        11.40
          .65
        765.
     .944 (  .9J'3)
    1.000 (  .976)
       203.7
       43.59
       16.19

      1B2II77.
       733.6'
        11.2
        25.6
        162.2
        6.02

         .02
         .03
         .71
                                                                                              TEOT WEIGHT  1361, KG< 3000. I.CS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              BIEGEL    EH-469-F
                                                                                              OBOMETER 11501. KM( 7196. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02

-------
o
  TEST NO,    1B2N70   RUN   4
  VEHICLE MOfltL      NA FIAT CAT
  ENOINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 730.30 MM UG<29,07 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  48. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   8LOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   DLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TcMP, DEG. C(DEG. F)
   DLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU GTD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   IIC  [iCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  HCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   I!C  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS CRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCr  WET  (DRY)
         SCF,  WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
     TEST Nl/MIO»
     BAROMETER,           MM HG
     HUMIDITY!            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
      CARDQN DIOXIDE,      G/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION!    L/100KM

     HYDROCARHONS.        G/KM
     CARKON MONOXIDET     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KM
NVCC   UEIIICLC: EMISSIONS KEGULTS
        PROJCCT 11 4074 001

     VEillCLE NO, IB
     DATE    4/21/01
     DAO CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 27.2 DEO C(01.0 DEG F)
     ABS. 1,'UMIMTY 11.3 GM/KC

        NYCC

    706.1 (27.0)
    566.4 (22.:i)
     35.6 <  96,0)
       16446.
    160.4 <  56.1.4.)
     6.0/11/   6,
     6.2/ I/   6.
     3.7/13/   3.
     2.7/13/   2.
    16.7/ 3/  ,27
     3.2/ 3/  ,05
     9.7/ 2/  30.
     1.2/ 2/   1.
        50.19
         -0.
          1.
         .22
         8.5
         -.01
          .17
        640.4
         2.66
          .14
        599.
     .900 (  .965)
    1.000 (  .902)
       160.4
       34.17
        1.90

      1D2N7C
       730.4
        11.3
        27.2
        337.7
       12.54

        -.00
         .09
        1.40
                                                                                             TEST UEICHT  1361. K0( 3000. LU3)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11,0 IIP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-469--F
                                                                                             ODOMETER 11597. KM( 7206, MILES)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,02

-------
TEST NO.   1B2S7?   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL      NA HAT CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L--4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 730,3f MM NO(29.07 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  45. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(BEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   !IC  BCKGRD MEfER/RArtGE/FPM
   CO  SAMPLE ME~ER/RANGE/FPM
   CO  BCKGRD MEVER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANCE/FCT
   C02 BCKGKB METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PfM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
n
    IIC   MAGS  GRAMS
    CO   MASS  GRAMS
    C02  MASS  GRAMS
    NOX  MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE MASS  GRAMS
    RUN  TIME              SECONDS
         BFC* UET (DRY)
         SCF* UET (PRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM  BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER*
    BAROMETER»       .    MM HG
    HUMIDITYf            G/KG
    TEMPERATUREF         BEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
85 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 11-4874-001

     VEHICLE KO.lFi
     PATE    4/21/81
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO,      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 27.2 DEG C(01.0 DEG F)
     ADS. 1,'UMIDITY 10,5 CM/KG

        85 K

    706,1 (27,0)
    566,4 (22.3)
     39.4 (103.0)
       32944.
    310.7 (11262.)
     6.4/11/   6.
     5.0/ I/   6.
     2.1/13/   2,
     1.6/13/   1,
    47,4/ 3/  .82
     3.5/ 3/  .05
    33.I/ 2/  33.
      .07 2/   1.
        16,38
          1.
          1,
         ,77
        32.3
          .17
          .19
       4477,9
        19,60
         1.59
       1200,
     .939 ( .925)
    1,000 ( ,970)
      '310.9
       60.00
       28.34
                                                        730,4
                                                         10,5
                                                         27,2
                                                         158.0
                                                         5.07

                                                          .01
                                                          ,01
                                                          ,69
                                                                                              TEST HEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LD3)
                                                                                              ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD   8.2  KU(  11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL     EM-469--F
                                                                                              ODOMETER 11599  KM 7209  MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,99

-------
          APPENDIX D

         TEST RESULTS,
1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL
  FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
                             SUMMARY QP REGULATED EMISSIONS FROM 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS
                                        DIESEL VEHICLE USING EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part. , g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
2A1F01
3-b FTP
5/21
1
0.19
1.01
1.08
0.35
22.1
2A1F05
3-b FTP
5/22
2
0.19
1.06
1.03
0.41
22.3
2A1F09
3-b FTP
5/25
3
0.14
1.05
1.03
0.37
22.4
2A1F13
3-b FTP
5/27
4
0.19
1.08
1.03
	 a
21.7
2A1F38
3-b FTP
6/25
5
0.23
1.05
1.00
0.40
21.4
2A1H02
HFET
5/21
1
0.13
0.69
0.63
0.21
31.6
2A1H06
HFET
5/22
2
0.14
0.68
0.56
0.22
32.1
2A1H10
HFET
5/25
3
0.13
0.69
0.60
0.21
31.5
2A1H14
HFET
5/27
4
0.13
0.71
0.60
	 a
32.4
2A1H39
HFET
6/25
5
0.14
0.71
0.60
0.20
30.2
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO , g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part. , g/mi
Fuel, mi /gal
2A1N03
NYCC
5/21
1
0.51
2.49
2.51
0.56
11.1
2A1N07
NYCC
5/22
2
0.45
2.24
2.28
0.59
11.6
2A1N11
NYCC
5/25
3
0.45
2.37
2.25
0.59
11.7
2A1N15
NYCC
5/27
4
0.42
2.45
2.35
— a
11.3
2A1N40
NYCC
6/25
5
0.42
2.32
2.28
0.54
11.4
2A1N42
NYCC
6/25
6
0.45
2.53
2.25
0.57
11.0
2A1N43
NYCC
6/25
7
0.47
2.57
2.33
0.58
10.8
2A1S04
85 kph
5/21
1
0.11
0.66
0.60
0.17
32.0
2A1S08
85 kph
5/22
2
0.14
0.66
0.58
0.16
32.4
2A1S12
85 kph
5/25
3
0.13
0.66
0.58
0.15
32.4
2A1S16
85 kph
5/27
4
0.13
0.66
0.61
	 a
31.9
2A1S41
85 kph
6/25
5
0.13
0.68
0.56
0.15
31.9
aParticulate not sampled

-------
  TCfeT NO.    2A1F01    RUN    I
  VEHICLE MOlir.L    01  OLDS  CUTLASS
  ENGINE  5.7  L(350. CII» V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3

  BAROMETER 742,19 MM HG(29,22 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H2Q(IN. H20)
    BLOiJER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
o  NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
i  HC   MASS GRAMS
    CO   MASS GRAMS
    C02  MASS GRAMS
    NOX  MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS  GRAMS

    HC   GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB  L/100KM

    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFr DRY
         BFC.  WET (DRY)
         SCF»  WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL  CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE  RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        2A1F01
    BAROMETER     MM HG   742.2
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    10.7
    TEMPERATURE   DEG C    25.0
VEHICLE NO.2A
DATE    5/21/81
BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
DYNO NO.      2

DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEG F)
ABS. HUMIDITY 10.7 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1814.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4233. KM(
KG( 4000. LDS>
8.6 KU( 11.5 HP)

 2630. HILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00
1
,'OLD iRANSIENT
701.0 (27.6)
571.5 (22.5)
36.7 ( 90.0)
13062.
135.6 ( 4788.)
13.4/11/ 13.
5.2/ I/ 5.
28.5/13/ 26.
2.S/13/ 3.
42. 7/ 3/ .73
3.3/ 3/ .05
13. 6/ 2/ 14.
,7/ 2/ 1.
10.30
B.
23.
.63
12.9
.66
3.63
1689.3
3,35
1.54
,11
.63
^92,2
,58
11.16
505.
5.78
,976
,958 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
696.0 (27.4)
569,0 (22.4)
33.9 < 93.0)
23806.
234,1 ( 8264.)
10.9/11/ 11.
5.2/ I/ 5.
•9.0/13/ 17,
2.4/13/ 2,
*0,1/ 3/ ,46
3, I/ 3/ .05
11, 2/ 2/ 11.
,7/ 2/ 1,
28.83
6,
15.
.42
10.5
,79
4.03
1783.2
4,71
1.30
.13
,65
287,4
,76
10,98
867,
6,20
,979
,942)
.978)
369,7
78,91
11.99
11.07

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
698. 5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
35,6 ( 96.0)
13862.
135.9 ( 4797.)
13.9/11/ 14.
5.2/ I/ 5.
26.1/13/ 24.
1.9/13/ 2.
37. 6/ 3/ .63
3.2/ 3/ .05
13, O/ 2/ 13.
,7/ 2/ 1.
21.03
9.
22.
.59
12,3
,70
3.42
1459.2
3.20
1.19
,12
,5?
253,2
,56
9.67
505,
5,76
.977
.961 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KH


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
696.0 (27.4)
569.0 (22.4)
34,4 ( 94.0)
23813.
233.9 ( 8259.)
11.2/11/ 11,
4.7/ I/ 5.
19.5/13/ 13.
1.7/13/ 2.
27. 2/ 3/ ,45
3.0/ 3/ .05
10. 9/ 2/ 11.
,8/ 2/ 1.
29.85
7,
16.
.40
10.1
,90
4.31
1720,2
4.52
1.29
.15
,69
277.3
.73
10.60
868.
6.20
.979
.945)
.978)
369.7
78.95
11,97
10,15
3-BAG (4-BAG)
279.0 ( 276.0)
10.66 ( 10.55)
,12 ( ,13)
,63 ( ,64)
,67 ( ,66)
,220 ( ,220)

-------
 TEST NO.   2A1H02   RON   1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L<350. CID) V-B
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 741.43 MM HG(29.19 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  48. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H2CHIN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM,  H20(IN.  H30)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  BEG, C(DEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPN
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    h'C  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
->   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
[   HC  MASS GRftHf
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRflMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, UET  (DRY)
         SCF» WET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED) .

    TEST NUMBERr
    BAROMETERi           MM HG
    HUMIDITYi            G'/KG
    TEMPERATURE»         'DEC C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONSr        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KM
 VEHICLE N0.2A
 DATE    5/21/81
 BAG CART MO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 BRY BULB TEMP. 26.7 DEG C(00.0 DEG F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY 10.7 CM/KG

    HFET

690.9 (27.2)
563.9 (22.?)
 37.2 ( 99.0)
   21011.
205.6 ( 7261.)
16.1/11/  16.
 4.7/ I/   5.
33.8/13/  M,
 1.2/13/   1.
•51.4/ 3/  .89
 3.I/ 3/  .05
16.7/ 2/  17.
   ,6/ 2/   1.
    14.91
     12.
     29.
     .85
    16.1
     1.39
     6.99
   3199.0
     6.34
     2.13
    765.
 .933 <  .919)
1.000 <  .976)
   205.6
   43.00
   16.42

   2A1H02
   741.4
    10.7
    26.7
    194.8-
    7.44 '

     .08
     .43
     .39
TEST WEIGHT  1814. KG<  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.6 KU( 11.5 IIP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4257. KM( 2645. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00

-------
  TEST NO.    2A1N03   RUN    1
  VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID) V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 741.43 MM HG(29,19 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  51. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM, H20UN. H2G)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(lN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C
-------
  TEST  NO.    2A1S04   RUN    1
  VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID) V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 741.43 MM HG<29.19 IN HG>
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  45, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20CIN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOJER INLET TEMP. DEO. C(DEC. F)
    BLQUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PC"
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
i    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          LiFC» WET  (DRY)
          SCF» WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER*
    BAROMETER!           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATUREt         DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDEr      G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION!    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS!        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE!     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN»  G/KM
 VEHICLE NO.2A
 DATE    5/21/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY DULB TEMP. 27.2 DEG C<01.0 DEG F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY 10.5 GM/KG

    85 K

696.0 (27.4)
563.9 (22.2)
 36.7 <  98.0)
   32921.
321.9 (11365.)
16.1/11/  16.
 5.B/ I/   6.
35.2/13/  33.
   .6/13/   1.
55.B/ 3/  .98
 3.3/ 3/  .05
10.O/ 2/  18.
   ,0/ 2/   1.
    13.61
     11.
     31,
     .93
    17.3
     1.99
    11.60
   5498.7
    10.53
     3.07
   1200.
 .927 (  .913)
1.000 (  .976)
   321.9
   68.83
   20.53

  2A1S04
   741.4
    10.5
    27.2
    192.7
    7.36

     .07
     .41
     .37
TEST WEIGHT  1614.  KG(  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6 KW( 11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4274.  KM( 2656.  MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
  TEST NO.    2AIF05   RUN   2
  VEHICLE MODEL    01  OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID)  V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3

  BAROMETER 737.42 MM HG(29.04 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY   60.  PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIP P MM,  H20(IN. H20)
    DLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC,  C(DEG. F>
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD liETER/RANGE/PCT
    NQX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX ECKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION P-PM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
?   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
1,   HC  MASS -GRAMS
    CO  MASS CRAMS
  '  C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/lOOKM

     RUN TIME             SECONDS
     MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
     SCF. DRY
          DFCr  WET (DRY)
          SCF,  UET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE  RESULTS
   '  TEST NUMBER         2A1F05
     BAROMETER     MM HG   737,6
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12.8
     TEMPERATURE   DEG C    25.6
VEHICLE ND.2A
DATE    5/22/81
BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO,   3
DY.NO NO,      2

DRY BULB TEMP, 25.6 DEG C(78.0 DEG F)
ABS. HUMIDITY 12,0 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG(  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6  KU<  11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4308.  KM( 2677. JULES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.07
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
698.5 (27,5)
569,0 (22,4)
36,1 ( 97.0)
13065.
134.4 ( 4744.)
13.B/11/ 14.
5, 1/ I/ 5,
30.5/13/ 28,
2.3/13/ 2.
42. 5/ 3/ .72
3.5/ 3/ .05
12, 7/ 2/ 13.
,7/ 2/ 1,
10.39
9.
25,
.67
12.0
.70
3.94
1657,2
3.32
2.07
.12
,68
284,2
,57
10,86 '
505.
5.83
.974
: ,958 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
698.5 (27,5)
569.0 (22.4)
34,4 ( 94.0)
23835.
231,6 ( 8178.)
10,1/H/ 10.
5, 1/ I/ 5.
20.4/13/ 19,
2.0/13/ 2.
28, 8/ 3/ ,47
3,6/ 3/ .06
10. C/ 2/ 10.
.5/ 2/ 1.
28.08
5,
16,
,42
9,5
,69
4.41
1785,7
4,52
1.43
.11
,71
285,9
,72
10,92
868,
6.25
.976
,939)
.975)
366.0
77.11
12.00
10.89

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
690.9 (27.2)
561.3 (22,1)
36.7 ( 98.0)
13866.
134.4 ( 4746.)
14.2/11/ 14.
5, I/ I/ 5,
25.3/13/ 23,
1.1/13/ 1.
38. O/ 3/ .64
3. I/ 3/ .05
12. I/ 2/ 12.
.5/ 2/ 1.
20.80
9,
21,
,60
11.6
.72
3,36
1465.6
3.20
1,31
.12
.58
251.4
.55
9.60
505.
'5,83
.975
.961 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L.'IOOKM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/Kff


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
693.4 (27.3)
561.3 (22.1)
36.1 ( 97.0)
23820.
231.1 ( 8160.)
11.2/11/ 11,
4,8/ I/ 5,
17.9/13/ 16,
1.0/13/ 1.
27. 5/ 3/ .45
2.B/ 3/ .04
9.0/ 2/ 10.
,3/ 2/ 0.
29.51
7.
15,
.41
9,5
.88
4.02
1734.7
4.51
1.58
.14
.65
279.0
.72
10.66
868.
6,22
.976
.942)
.976)
365.5
77.22
12.05
10.15
3-BAG (4-BAG)
276.1 ( 274.0)
10.55 ( 10.47)
.12 ( .13)
.66 ( .65)
,64 ( ,64)
.253 ( .261)

-------
 its I nu,   i.'fllH06   RUN   2
 VEHICLE HODEL   Bl OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 737,62 MM HG(29.04 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  so. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(BEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(GCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NQX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PFM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC»  WET (DRY)
         SCFr  UET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM  BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
V
CO
    TEST NUMBER*
    BAROMETER.           HM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KO
    TEMPERATURE*         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KM
                                                      VEHICLE NO. 2 A
                                                      DATE    5/22/81
                                                      BAG CART NO.  1
                                                      DYNO NO.      2
                                                      CVS NO,   3

                                                      DRY DULD TEMP. 25.6 DEG C<70.0 DEG F)
                                                      ADS. HUMIDITY 10.5 CM/KG

                                                         HFET

                                                     608.3 (27.1)
                                                     558.0 (22.0)
                                                      30,9 (102.0)
                                                        20998.
                                                     203.3 ( 7179.)
                                                     17.4/11/  17,
                                                      4,8/ I/   5,
                                                     34.1/13/  31,
                                        TEST WEIGHT  1814. KG< 4000, LBS)
                                        ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6 KU< 11.5 HP)

                                        ODOMETER  4332?~KM< 2692. MILES)
                                         NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR    ,9?
51. 9/ 3/  ,90
 3,0/ 3/  ,05
15, 7/ 2/  16.
  ,4/ 2/   0,
    14,75
     13,
     30,
     ,86
    15,3
     1,51
     7,03
   3205,3
     5,92
     2,24
    765,
 ,932 ( ,917)
1.000 ( .976)
   203,3
   43,18
   16,70

  2A1H06
   737.6
    10,5
    25.6
    191,9
    7,33

     ,09
     .42
     .35

-------
TEST NO.   2A1N07   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CIO) V-8
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 737.62 MM HG(29.04 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOU'ER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP, DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRESiSCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  ECKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    r.02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PFM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    fiC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
D   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
'    HC  MASS GRAHS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC,  WET  (DRY)
          SCF.  WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (GCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

     TEST  NUMBER.
     BAROMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITY.            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE.        DEG C
      CARBON  DIOXIDE.      G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE.    G/KM
     OXIDES OF  NITROGEN.  G/KM
 VEHICLE NO.2A
 DATE    5/22/81
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 25.6 DEG C(78.0 DEG F>
 ADS. HUMIDITY 10.5 CM/KG

    NYCC

690.9 (27.2)
561.3 (22.1)
 35.0 ( 95.0)
   16478.
160.7 ( 5674.)
10.9/11/  11.
 5,1/ I/   5.
17.1/13/  16.
  .7/13/   1,
25.O/ 3/  .41
 3.6/ 3/  ,06
 9,8/ 2/  10,
  ,7/ 2/   1.
    32,67
      6,
     15,
     .35
     9,1
      .56
     2.72
   1041.7
     2.79
      .72
    600.
 ,969 ( .954)
1.000 ( .900)
   160.7
   34,27
    1,97

  2A1N07
   737,6
    10,5
    25.6
    530,1
   20.27

     ,28
    1.39
    1.42
                                                                                             TEST HEIGHT  1814. KG( 4000. LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6 KU( 11.5 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  4350. KM( 2703. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
  i to i ttu*   ^Mj.ouu   ivun  Jt
  VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7 L<350, CID) V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3
 BAf\OMETER 737,87 MM HG(29,05 IN KG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
    BLOWER DIF P MM, H2CKIN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20
-------
 TEST NO.    2A1F09   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE  5.7  L(350. CID)  V-fl
 TRANSMISSION  A3

 BAROMETER 738.12  MM  HG(29.06  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50,  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
   BAG  NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
   BLOUER DIP P MM. H2Q(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20UN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. BEG. CtDEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CD. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION  FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS  GRAMS
   CO  MASS  GRAhS
   C02 MASS  GRAMS
   NOX  MASS  GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
o
    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFi DRY
         DFC. UET (DRY)
         SCF. WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         Kfl  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION 1/100KN

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        2A1F09
    BAROMETER    MM HG  738.1
    HUMIDITY     GAG    11.0
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   26,1
                                                         1-KUJLl.r U

                                                      VEHICLE N0.2A
                                                      DATE    5/25/01
                                                      BAG CART NO. 1  / CVS NO.   3
                                                      DYNO NO.      2

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP.  26.1  DEO C<79.0 DEG F)
                                                      ADS. HUMIDITY 11.0 CM/KG
     ..__  ...   1814.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
TEST WEIGHT
                   KG<  4000.  LBS)
                   8.6  KU(  11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4397.  KM( 2732.  MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01
1
lOLD TRANSIENT
690.9 (27.2)
558.0 (22.0)
35.6 ( 96.0)
13079.
135.0 ( 4767.)
7.2/12/ 14,
7. 8/ I/ 3.
30.0/13/ 28.
1.1/13/ 1,
43. 4/ 3/ .74
3,3/ 3/ .05
12. 9/ ?/ 13,
.2/ 2/ 0.
17.98
7.
26.
,69
12.7
,55
4.06
1714.3
3.31
1.90
.10
.70
295.1
,57
11,27
505.
5.81
.977
.958 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
690.9 (27.2)
561,3 (22.1)
33.9 ( 93.0)
23815.
232.3 ( 8202.)
5.1/12/ JO,
6,8/ I/ ',
17.9/13/ 16.
1.0/13/ 1.
27. 7/ 3/ ,45
3.2/ 3/ .05
10. O/ 2/ 10.
,2/ 2/ 0.
29.29
4,
15.
.41
9.8
.49
4.06
1733.4
4.40
1.24
,08
.65
279,8
,71
10.68
868.
6,20
.980
.942)
,979)
367.3
78.02
12.00
10.97

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
690.9 (27.2)
561,3 (22.1)
35,6 ( 96.0)
13864.
134.9 ( 4762.)
13.9/11/ 14,
6.8/ I/ 7.
25.8/13/ 24.
.8/13/ 1.
38. 4/ 3/ .65
3.9/ 3/ .06
12. 9/ 2/ 13.
.6/ 2/ 1.
20.56
7.
22.
.59
12.3
.58
3.49
1459.6
3.21
1.25
,10
.60
252.1
,55
9,63
505,
5,79
.978
.961 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/NM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KN
4
STABILIZED
693,4 (27,3)
563,9 (22,2)'
33,9 ( 93.0)
23821,
232.3 ( 8203,)
10.5/11/ 11,
5,2/ I/ 5.
18.1/13/ 16,
1.0/13/ 1.
27. 2/ 3/ .45
3.7/ 3/ .06
10. 6/ 21 11.
,5/ 2/ 1.
29.86
6.
15.
.39
10.1
,74
4,11
1664.2
4.54
1.23
.12
.66
268.4
.73
10.26
868.
6.20
.980
.945)
.979)
367.2
78.06
11.99
9.95
3-BAG (4-BAG)
275.3 ( 272.0)
10.52 ( 10.39)
,09 ( ,10)
.65 ( ,65)
,64 ( .64)
.231 ( .230)

-------
D
 TEST NO.   2A1H10   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L<350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3


 BAROMETER 737,36 MM HG(29.03 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   fIC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD HEJER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   CG2 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTJCULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC. UET  
-------
D
  TEST NO.   2A1N11   RUN   3
  VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7 L<350. CID) V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 737.11 MM KG(29.02 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER 1JIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(GCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD MFTER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC»  UET (DRY)
         SCF»  WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
     TEbl NUMBER,
     BAROMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITY*            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE!         BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION!    I./100KM

     HYDROCARBONS»        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN/  G/KM
    PROJECT 05-4074-001

 VEHICLE NO.2A
 DATE    5/25/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 26.1 BEG C(79.0 DEO F)
    NYCC

690.7 (27.2)
558.8 (22.0)
 35.0 ( 95.0)
   16471.
160.3 ( 5662.)
ll.l/ll/  11.
 5.5/ I/   6.
18.0/13/  16.
  .9/13/   1.
24.6/ 3/  .40
 3.7/ 3/  .06
 9.9/ 2/  10.
  ,B/ 2/   1.
    33.22
      6.
     15.
     .35
     9.1
      ,54
     2.84
   1014.6
     2,70
      ,71
    600.
 .970 (  .956)
1.000 (  .902)
   160.3
   34.25
    1.93

  2A1N11
   737,1
     9.6
    26.1
    525.7
   20.10

     ,28
    l.<7
    1.40
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT   1014. KG( 4000. LBS>
                                                                                             ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD   8.6 KM( 11.5 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL     EM-329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  4437. KM( 2757. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .96

-------
   TEST NO.    2A1S12   RUN   3
   VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
   ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID) V-8
   TRANSMISSION A3


  BAROMETER 736.85 MM HG(29,01 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  47, PCT
0 BAG RESULTS
     TEST CYCLE

     BLOUER DIF P MM. H20
     BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
     TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
     HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
     HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
     CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
     CO  BCKGRD METER/RftNGE/PPM
     C02 SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PCT
     C02 BCKGRD METER/RAHGE/PCT
     NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
     NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
     DILUTION FACTOR
     HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
     CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
     C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
 7   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
 M  HC  MASS GRAMS
 *"  CO  MASS GRAMS
     C02 MASS GRAMS
     NOX MASS GRAMS
     PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
     RUN TIME            SECONDS
           DFCr  UET  (DRY)
           SCF»  UET  (DRY)
           VOL 
-------
 TEST NO.   2A1F13   RUN   4
 VEHICLE HOBO.   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 737.87 MM HG(29,05 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  43. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOUER DIP P MM. H20UN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C
-------
 TEST NO.   2A1H14   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLBA CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736,85 MM HG(29,01 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  44, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    D'.OWER DIP P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20UN, H20)
    DLOUER INLET TEHP. BEG, C(DEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE HE1ER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION. FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
?   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
-   HC  MASS GRAMS
71   CO  rtASS GRANS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC* WET (DRY)
          SCF, UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBERt
    BAROMETERr           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE*        DEG  C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KM
    PROJECT 05-4874-001

 VEHICLE NO.2A
 DATE    5/27/81
 BAG CART NO,  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO,   3

 DRY BULD TEMP. 20,7 DEG C(84,0 DEG F)
 ABS, HUMIDITY 11,3 CM/KG

    IIFLT

690,9 <27.2)
563,9 (22.2)
 37.8 (100,0)
   20999,
202,6 ( 7153.)
22,2/H/  22,
11,3/ I/  11,
35.0/13/  32,
 t.4/13/   1,
50,21 3/  ,37
 2.7/ 3/  ,04
15,9/ 2/  16,
   ,6/ 2/   1.
    15,29
     12,
     30.
     ,83
    15.3
     1.36
     7.12
   3087.2
     6.06
    765,
 ,935 ( ,921)
1,000 ( .978)
   202.6
   43.25
   16.24

  2A1H14
   736.9
    11.3
    28.9
    190.1
    7.26

     .08
     .44
     .37
TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG(  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6 KU( 11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4505. KM( 2799. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02

-------
TEST KO.   2A1N1P   RWJ   4
VEHICLE MODEL   Ul OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-8
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736.85 MM HG(29.01 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20UN,  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP.  DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   •HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPrt
    HC  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPN
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/FFM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
3   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
i    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
j   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC, WET  (DRY)
          SCF, WET  (DRY)
          VOL  
-------
 TEST NO.   2A1S16   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5,7 L(350, CID) V-B
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736.60 MM HG(29.00 IN HB)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  57. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOIJER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C
-------
 TEST NO.   2A1F30   RUN   5
 VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-0
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 744.47 MM HG(29.31 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  65. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBFR
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20UN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. M20UN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
    DLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METL-R/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPl.F MC1ER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
0   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
i    C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
S   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MACS GRAMS
    CO  MAGS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRATIS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS  GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY  CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFf  DRY
          BFCr  UET (DRY)
          SCFr  UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM SIR (GCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION  L/100KN

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST  NUMBER         2A1F38
    BAROMETER     MM HG   744.5
    HUMIDITY      G/KG     11.6
    TEMPERATURE   DEC  C   22.8
FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074 001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     DATE    6/25/01
     DAG CART NO.  1  / CVS NO.   3
     DYNO NO.      2

     DRY BULD TEMP.  22.0 DEC C(73.0 DEC F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY 11,6 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1014.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  4970. KH(
KG( 4000. LBS)
0.6 KU( 11.5 tlf>

 3093. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.03
1
.'OLD TRANSIENT
698,5 (27.5)
563.9 (22.2)
35,0 ( 96,5)
13053.
135,2 ( 4775.)
17.0/11/ 17.
7, I/ I/ 7,
32.2/13/ 30.
4.3/13/ 4.
44. I/ 3/ .75
3,4/ 3/ ,05
12. 5/ 2/ 13.
.4/ 2/ 0.
17.65
10.
25.
.71
12.1
.00
3.94
1746.5
3.23
2.21
.14
.68
303.0
.56
11.58
504.
5.76
.972
.957 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
706,1 (27,8)
571,5 (22,5)
32.2 ( 90,0)
23026.
234.1 ( 0265.)
12.5/11/ 12;
5.7/ I/ 6,
?0.7/13/ 19,
3.7/13/ 3,
20. O/ 3/ .47
3. I/ 3/ .05
9.0/ 2/ 10,
,5/ 2/ 1.
20.07
7.
15.
,43
9.3
.94
4.12
1836.6
4.30
1.30
,15
,67
296.9
.69
11.34
860.
6.19
,975
.936)
.974)
369.3
77.85
11.95
11.45

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
706.1 (27.8)
566.4 (22.3)
35.0 ( 95,0)
13065,
135,5 ( 4704.)
14.3/11/ 14,
5.7/ I/ 6,
26.1/13/ 24,
2.1/13/ 2.
38. I/ 3/ .64
3.0/ 3/ .05
11. 7/ 2/ 12,
,3/ 2/ 0,
20,73
9.
21.
.60
11.4
.69
3.36
1485.6
3.05
1.28
,12
.59
250.8
.53
9.09
505,
5.74
.973
.960 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/K'M
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICIPATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
706.1 (27,0)
571,5 (22,5)
31.9 ( 09.5)
23020.
234.2 ( 0269.)
ll.O/ll/ 11.
5.0/ I/ 5.
19.5/13/ 10.
2.1/13/ 2,
20. 3/ 3/ .47
3.0/ 3/ .05
9.6/ 2/ 10.
.4/ 2/ 0.
20.61
6.
15.
.42
9.2
.83
4.20
1805.7
4.25
1.22
.13
,6B
293.2
.69
11.20
868.
6.16
.975
.940)
.974)
369,7
77.88
11.90
10.57
3-PAG (4-D
287.7 ( 206
10,99 ( 10.
.14 (
.65 (
.62 (
.250 ( .2
                                                                             .14)
                                                                               5)
                                                                             .62)
                                                                             246)

-------
TEST NO.   2A1H39   RUN   5
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-0
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 744.73 MM HG(29.32 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56. PCT
BAD RESULTS
   BLOWES; DIF P HH. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SrMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  UCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/FCT
   C02 BCKGRD METCR/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/Pi'M
   NOX HCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   fIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, UET  (DRY)
         SCF» U'ET  (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM DLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
Nl
O
    TEST  NUMBERr
    BAROMETERT            MM  HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE»          DEG C
     CARBON  DIOXIDE*       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION     L/100KH

    HYDROCARBONS,         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDEi      G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN?   G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE EMICSIONC RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     DATE    6/25/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BIO TEMP. 25.0 DEG C<77,0 DEO  F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY 11,4 GM/KG

        HFET

    698,5 (27,5)
    566,4 (22,3)
     36.4 (  97,5)
       21023.
    205,4 <  7254.)
    16.4/11/  16,
     5.0/ I/   5,
    35.2/13/  33.
     1.5/13/   J,
    53,2/ 3/  .93
     3.I/ 3/  .05
    15.3/ 2/  15.
      .!/ 2/   0.
        14.35
         12.
         30.
         .08
        15.2
         1.39
         7.21
       3320.8
         6.10
         2.06
        765.
     .930 (  ,913)
    1.000 (  ,973)
       205.4
       43.83
       16.35

      2A1H39
       744.7
        11.4
        25.0
        203.6
        7.78

         .09
         .44
         .37
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1014. KG( 4000.  LfcS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.6 KU( 11.5 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  5003. KM< 3109, MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02

-------
TEST NO.   2A1N40   P'lN   5
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLiiU Co CLASS
ENGINE 5,7 L<350. CID V-B
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 744.73 MM HG(29.32 IN MG>
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. M20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG, C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE MtTER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/FCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
_.   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
i    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
2   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    11C  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MACS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC, U'ET  (DRY)       '  .
          SCF, WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM>
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBERF
    BAROMETERF           MM MG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.        DEG  C
      CARBON  DIOXIDE.       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KN

   ' HYDROCARBONS>        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
NYCC   VGHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     PATE    4/'.'5/01
     BAG CART N.],  1
     BYNO NO,      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 BEG C(75.0 BEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 11,1  GM/KG

        NYCC

    706.1 (27.Qi
    571.5 (22.5)
     33.6 (  92,5)
       16456.
    161.3 <  569o.)
    10.2/11/  10.
     5.0/ I/   5,
    18.0/13/  16..
     1.6/13/   L.
    24.2/ 3/  .39
     3.I/ 3/  .05
     8.7/ 2/   9.
      ,!/ 2/   0.
        33.01
          5.
         15.
         .35
         8.6
          .50
         2,73
       1026.7
         2.69
          .64
        600.
     ,970 (  .95!?)
    1.000 (  ,97V)
       161.3
       34.13
        1..09

      2A1N40
       744.7
        11.1
        23.9
        542.0
       20.72

         .26
        1.44
        1.42
                                                                                              TEST UEIGIIT  1014.  KG( 4000. LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.6 KU(  11,5 IIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  5020.  KM< 3119, MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01

-------
TEST NO,   2A1S4I   RUN   5
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-8
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 744.73 MM HG(29,32 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIE P MM. H20(IN, 1120)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20UN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. BEG. C
-------
to
Ul
  TEST HO,    2A1N42   RUN  6
  VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V 8
  TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 744.47 MM (16(29.31 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
    DLOUER DIF P MM. H2CKIN. 1120)
    BLOUER INLET P MN. H20(IN. H20)
    FLGUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER TV-EVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    IIC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 GAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
,    IIC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    IIC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MAGS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
          DFC.  UET (DRY)
          SCF,  UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
     TEST NUMBER,
     BAROMETER.            MM HG
     HUMIDITY.             G/KG
     TEMPERATUREF          DEG C
      CARBON  DIOXIDE.      G/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONSf         G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE.      G/KM
     OXIDES OF  NITROGEN.   G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4C74--001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     DATE    6/25/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO,      2
     CVG NO,   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 DEG C<75.0 DEG F)
        NYCC

    706.1  (27.C)
    571.5  (22.5)
     33.9  <  93.0)
       16471.
    161.5  (  5703.)
    10.4/11/  10.
     5.0/  I/   5.
    1B.9/13/  17.
     1.3/13/   1.
    24.7/  3/  .40
     3.3/  3/  .05
     8.9/  2/   9.
      ,3/  21   0.
        33.08
          6.
         16.
         .35
         8.6
          ,52
         2.94
       1044.9
       -  2.63
          .67
        600.
     .970 (  .953)
    1,000 (  .979)
       161.5
       34.36
        1.88

      2A1N42
       744.5
        10.4
        23.9
        557.3
       21.31

         .28
        1.57
        1,40
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG(  4000.  LCS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6  KU(  11.5 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  5050.  KM( 3130,  MILES)
                                                                                               NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
TEST NO.   2A1N43   RUN   1
VEHICLE MOIUTL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-B
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 744.22 MM HG(29,30 IN H6)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55, PCT
HAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   DLOUER INLET TEMP, DEC, C(DEG, F)
   EfLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. HETRES
-------
                               SUMMARY OF REGULATED EMISSIONS FROM 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS

                                            DIESEL VEHICLE USING EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC , g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part., g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
2A2F18
3-b FTP
6/4
1
0.21
1.14
1.05
0.42
22.4
2A2F22
3-b FTP
6/5
2
0.21
1.09
1.08
0.46
22.2
2A2F26
3-b FTP
6/19
3
0.24
1.05
1.01
0.46
21.8
2A2F30
3-b FTP
6/22
4
y.19
1.17
1.01
0.43
22.1 .
2A2F34
3-b FTP
6/23
5
0.21
1.11
1.09
0.43
21.9
2A2H19
HFET
6/4
1
0.16
0.74
0.58
0.20
34.3
2A2H23
HFET
6/5
2
0.14
0.72
0.63
0.21
32.0
2A2H27
HFET
6/19
3
0.16
0.69
0.60
0.20
32.1
2A2H31
HFET
6/22
4
0.18
0.74
0.61
0.21
32.5
to
Ul
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Ron No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part . , g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
2A2N20 I 2A2N24
NYCC
6/4
1
0.53
2.46
2.41
0.73
11.4
NYCC
6/5
2
0.47
2.41
2.43
0.70
11.2
2A2N28
NYCC
6/19
3
0.51
2.37
2.41
0.59
11.2
2A2N32
NYCC
6/22
4
0.48
2.61
2.35
0.68
11.1
2A2N35
NYCC
6/23
5
0.58
2.56
2.37
0.62
11.8
2A2N36
NYCC
6/23
6
0.56
2.67
2.40
0.61
11.2
2A2S21
85 kph
6/4
1
0.14
0.77
0.58
0.14
34.8
2A2S25
85 kph
6/5
2
0.14
0.71
0.60
0.15
32.7
2A2S29
85 koh
6/19
3
0.13
0.66
0.56
0.13
33.1
2A2S33
85 kph
6/22
4
0.11
0.66
0.58
0.14
33.4

-------
 TEST NO.    2A2F18   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81  OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5,7 L(350, C1D)  VH3
 TRANSMISSION  A3

 BAROMETER  736,35 MM HG(28,99  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY   57,  PCT
 BAG  RESULTS
   PAG  NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER  DIP P  MM,  H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER  INLET  P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER  INLET  TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER  REVOLUTIONS
   TOT  FLOW STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC   BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NDX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC   MASS GRAMS
   CO   MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX HASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS

   HC  GRAMS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
  ' C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

   RUN TIME             SECONDS
   MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
   SCFi. DRY
         DFCf  UET (DRY)
         SCF»  UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM PLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
         FUEL  CONSUMPTION L/100KM

CSM^OSITE RESULTS
  '  TEST NUMBER        2A2F18
    BAROMETER    MM HG  736,3
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12.5
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   26,1
ro
cr>
                                                      VEHICLE N0.2A
                                                      DATE    &/ 4/81
                                                      BAG CART NO, 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                      DYNO NO,      2

                                                      DRY BULB TEMP. 26,1 BEG C(79.0 DEO F)
                                                      ABS, HUMIDITY 12.5 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG<  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6 KM(  11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-469-F
ODOMETER  4595. KM( 2055, MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,06
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
690,9 (27,2)
561.3 (22,1)
35,0 ( 95,0)
13039,
134,2 ( 4738.)
12. Vll/ 12.
5.8/ I/ 6,
32.2/13/ 30.
' 1.6/13/ 1,
42, ?/ 3/ .73
3,2/ 3/ , ,05
12. 6/ 2/ 13,
,5/ 2/ 1,
10,30
7.
27.
,68
12.1
,53
4.28
1675,0
3.31
1,94
,09
,74
291.0
.58
10,86 '
505,
5.76
,975
,958
'1.000






2
STABILIZED
693,4 (27,3)
563.9 (22.2)
33,3 ( 92,0)
23012,
231,5 ( 8176.)
10,6/H/ 11,
4,6/ I/ 5.
20.2/13/ IB,
1.5/13/ 1,
20, 6/ 3/ ,47
3, I/ 3/ ,05
10. I/ 2/ 10,
,5/ 2/ 1,
28,29
6,
17.
,43
9,6
,82
4.48
1801.7
4.53
1.50
,13
. ,73
293.7
,74
10,96
868.
6.13
.977
( .940)
( ,976)
365.7
77.25
11.09
10.91

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
690,9 (27,2)
561.3 (22.1)
35,6 ( 96.0)
13843,
134.1 ( 4736.)
14.6/11/ 15.
4.6/ I/ 5.
27.7/13/ 25,
1.4/13/ 1,
37, 2/ 3/ .63
3, I/ 3/ ,05
11, 6/ 2/ 12,
,4/ 2/ 0,
21,27
10.
23.
.58
11.2
,79
3,66
1426.0
3.06
1.36
.14
,64
249.4
.54
9.31
505.
'5.72
.976
.961 (
1.000 <





DIOXIDE G/KH
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) 6/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/Kh
4
STABILIZED
690.9 (27,2)
561.3 (22.1)
33.9 ( 93.0)
23814.
231.4 ( 8171.)
10.9/11/ 11.
4,5/ I/ 5.
19.5/13/ 18.
1.0/13/ 1,
27, 5/ 3/ ,45
3, I/ 3/ ,05
10, O/ 2/ 10,
,4/ 2/ 0.
29.50
7.
16.
.41
9,6
,88
4,42
1718. D
4,53
1.33
.14
.72
279.6
.74
10.44
868.
6.14
.977
.944)
.977)
365.5
77,29
11,86
9.90
3-DAG (4-BAG)
280.9 ( 276.8)
10.49 ( 10.33)
.13 ( ,13)
.71 ( .70)
.65 ( ,65)
,262 ( .254)

-------
TEST NO.   2A2H19   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-8
TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 736.09 MM flG(20,9Q IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  51. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   ['LOWER DIP P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   DLQUER INLET TEMP, DEC, C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   tlO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCr  WET  (DRY)
         SCF.  UET  (DRY)
         VCL  
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.03

-------
 TEST NO.   2A2N20   RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 736.35 MM HO(28,99 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  54. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOUER BIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES
-------
 TEST  NO.    2A2S21   RUN    1
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7  L(350, CIB) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 736.35 MM HG<20.99 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  51. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H2Q(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C
-------
 VtHJCLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 LC350.  CID) V-B
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER  736.35 MM I IP(28.99 IN HG)
 RELATIVE MHMIDITr   60, PCT
 BAG RESUI TO
   BAG  NMMPER
   DESCRIPTION
   BLOWER DIP P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG, F)
   DLOWCR REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANfT/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD HETER/MMRE/PPM
   CO  SA^riE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  Eri-nr.'D METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   HOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCLNTRATION PPM
   HC  HAS? GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MAGS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
a
U)
o
    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         SCF. UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        2A2F22
    BAROMETER    MM HG  736,3
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    12,8
    TEMPERATURE  BEG C   25.6
                                                       DATE    £/ 5/81
                                                       BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                       DYNO NO.      2

                                                       DRY BULB TEMP, 25,6 DEB C(7B.O DEO
                                                       ABO, HUMIDITY 12,0 CM/KG
ie»i HtlUHl   1(114.  KG(  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B,f  t'U(  11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM 469-F
ODOMETER  4,'i67. KM( 2900. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.07
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
693.4 (27,7)
561.1 (22.1)
34,4 ( 94,0)
13856,
134,5 ( 4749.)
16,6/11' 17,
5, I/ I/ 5,
33.5/13/ 31,
4.0/13/ 4,
42. 6/ 3/ .73
3. I/ 3/ ,05
12, 4/ 2/ 12,
,6/ 2/ 1,
10.33
12,
27.
,60
11.8
.91
4.16
1670.1
3.27
2,29
.16
,72
289.9
.56
10,82
505,
5,79
,974
,757
1,000






2
STABILIZED
690,9 (27,2)
561.3 (22,1)
33,3 ( 92.0)
23017.
231,7 ( 8102.)
10.6/11/ 11,
5,0/ I/ 5.
21.4/13/ 20,
3,3/l.V 3,
20, O/ 3/ ,47
2.9/ 3/ .04
10. 5/ 2/ 11.
,6/ 2/ 1,
28,08
6,
16.
,43
9.9
,77
4,35
1830,8
4.72
1.61
.13
.70
295.7
.76
11.04
868.
6,19
.976
( .939)
< .975)
366.2
77.40
11.98
10.93

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
690.9 (27.2)
561,3 (22.1)
34.4 ( 94.0)
13852.
134,5 ( 4750.)
14,3/U/ 14.
5.0/ I/ 5,
27.5/13/ 25.
2.1/13/ 2,
38, 6/ 3/ .65
3, I/ 3/ .05
12, I/ 2/ 12,
,4/ 2/ 0,
20,44
10,
23.
.61
11.7
.74
3.55
1494.0
3,24
1.50
.13
,61
258..'.
.56
9.65
505.
5,78
.975
.961 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) 6/KM


CARDON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
690.9 (27.2)
561.3 (22.1)
33.3 ' 92.0)
21020.
231.0 ( 8105.)
10,8/tl/ 11,
4.7/ I/ 5.
19.7/13/ 18.
2.1/13/ 2.
27, 21 3/ .45
3.0/ 3/ ,05
10, 11 2/ 11,
,8/ ?./ 1,
27.05
6.
16.
,40
9,9
.83
4.22
1705.0
4,72
1,24
,13
,68
275,3
.76
10.28
868.
6.19
.976
.942)
.976)
366.3
77.51
11.97
9.98
3-BAG (4-BA6)
204.3 ( 278.3)
10.61 ( 10.39)
.13 ( .14)
.68 ( .68)
.67 < ,67)
.288 ( .271)

-------
 TEST NO.   2A2H23   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5,7 L(350. CID) V-0
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736.60 MM HO(29,00 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  54, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP, BEG. C
-------
TEST NO.   2A2N24   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L<350. CID) V-8
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736,60 MM HG(29.00 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  54, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP, BEG, C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
_   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
i    NDX CONCENTRATION PPM
»   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS CRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFC,  WET (UPY)
          SCF*  UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER*
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,        BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,       G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
  '  OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*  G/KM
    PROJECT 05-4074-001

 VEHICLE N0.2A
 DATE    6/ 5/81
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY DULB TEMP. 26.1 DEO CC79.0 DEO F)
 ABS, HUMIDITY 11.8 CM/KG

    NYCC

690.9 (27.2)
561.3 (22.1)
 32,8 ( 91,0)
   16476.
160,7 ( 5674.)
10.0/11/  11,
 5.I/ I/   5,
18.4/13/  17,
 1.4/13/   1,
24.O/ 3/  ,40
 3,0/ 3/  ,05
 9.7/ 2/  10,
   ,B/ 2/   1.
    32.94
      6.
     15.
     .36
     8,9
      ,54
     2,83
   1058.0
     2,84
      ,82
    600.
..970 (  .953)
1.000 (  .979)
   160,7
   34.01   .
    1.88

   2A2N24
   736,6
    11,8
    26,1 •
    561,6
   20.77

     .29
    1,50
    1,51
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1014.
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-469--F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  4707. KM(
KG( 4000. LBS)
8.6 KU< 11.5 HP)

 2925. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   1.04

-------
 TEST NOi   2A2S25   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-B
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 736,60 MM HG(29,00 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  51. PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    KLGUER DIF P MM, H2QUN, H2C)
    BLOUER INLET P HFI, M20CIN, H20)
    BLQUER INLET TEMP, DEO, C
-------
 iti>l  NU.    2A2F26   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL    81  OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE  5.7  L(350. CID)  V~0
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 741.93  MM  HG(29.21 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOUER DIF P MM.  H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC   MASS GRAMS
   CO   MASS GRAMS
   C02  MASS GRAMS
   NOX  MAGS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS

   HC  GRAMS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
   C02  GRAMS/KM
   NOX  GRAMS/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION BY  CB L/100KM
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFr DRY
         DFCf UET (DRY)
         SCF, UET 
-------
TCST NO.   2A2H27   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5,7 1(350. CIIO V-0
TRANSMISSION A3
  BAROMETER 741.93 MM HG(29.21 IN HO)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56. PCT
  BAG RESULTS
     TEST CYCLE

     BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IM, H20)
     BLOUER INLET P MM. H20UN, H20)
     BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEC. F)
     BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
     TOT FLOW STB, CU. METRES(SCF)
     HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
     HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
     CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
     CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
     C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
     C02 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
     NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
     NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
     DILUTION FACTOR
     HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
     CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
 „   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
-T   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
 £   HC  MASG GRAMS
   '  CO  MASS GRAMS
     C02 MASS GRAMS
     NOX MASS GRAMS
     PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
     RUN  TIME              SECONDS
           DFCf  UET (DRY)
           SCF,  WET (DRY)
        .   VOL (SCM)
           SAM BLR (SCM)       '  .
           KM  (MEASURED)

      TEST  NUMBERr
      BAROMETER,            MM HG
      HUMIDITY,             G/KG
      TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
       CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
      FUEL. CONSUMPTION,     L/100KM

      HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
      CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    • OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,   G/KM
                     KLSULTS
    PROJECT 05-4074-001

 VEHICLE N0.2A
 DATE    6/19/fll
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO,      2
 CVS NO,   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 24.4 DEG C(76,0 DEO F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY 10.9 CM/KG

    HFET

703.6 (27.7)
571.5 (22.5)
 37.2 ( 99.0)
   20996.
204,7 < 7227.)
1B.4/11/  19,
 5.3/ I/   5,
34.6/13/  32,
 1.3/13/   1.
52.2/ 3/  .91
 3.4/ 3/  .05
15.9/ 2/  16.
   ,5/ 2/   1,
    14,65
     13,
     30,
     ,06
    15,4
     1,58
     7.09
   3227.0
     6.00
     2.03
    765.
 '.932 (  ,915)
1.000 (  .974)
   204.7   .
   43.60
   16.43

   2A2H27
   741.9
    10,9  :
    24,4
    196,4
    7,33

     ,10
     .43
     ,37
                                                                                               TEST WEIGHT   1814. KG<  4000. IBS)
                                                                                               ACTUAL ROAD  LOAD  0.6  KU(  11.5 HP)
                                                                                               DIESEL    EM-467-F
                                                                                               ODOMETER  4700.  KM(  2970.  MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01

-------
 ltl>r  NO.    2A2N28    RUN    3
 VEHICLE MODEL   Bl OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5-7  L(350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 741.60 MM tlG(29.20 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP, DEG. C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   HC  BCKGRD KETER/RANGE/PPH
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE NETER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD HETCR/RANGE/PCT
   NOX GAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPrt
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX' MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC,  WET (DRY)
         SCF,  WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
La
(Ji
    TEST NUMBER*
    BAROMETERf           MM HG
    HUMIDITYf             G/KG
    TEMPERATUREi          DEG C
     CARBON BIDXIBEr       G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONSF         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDEF      G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,   G/KM
  VEHICLE NO.2A
  PATE    6/19/01
  BAG CART NO.  1
  DYNO NO.      2
  CVS NO,   .1

  DRY BULB TEMP, 23,9 BEG C(75.0 DEG F)
  ADS, HUMIDITY 10,5 CM/KG

     NYCC

 703,6 (27,7)
 571.5 (22,5)
  33.9 (  93.0)
    16470,
 161,4 (  5701.)
 10,8/H/  11.
  4,5/ I/   5,
 17.7/13/  16,
  1.1/13/   1,
 24,7/ 3/  ,40
  3,1/ 3/  ,05
  9,6/ 2/  10.
   .4/ 2/   0,
     33.08
       6.
      15,
      ,36
      9,2
       ,60
      2.77
    1053.3
      2.82
       ,69
     600.
  .970 (  .953)
, 1.000 (  .979)
    161.4
    34.28
     1.83

   2A2N28
    741.7
     10.5
     23.9
     561.3
    20.97

      ,32
     1.47
     1.50
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG(  4000. LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.6  KU(  11.5  HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  4796.  KM( 2980.  MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
 TEST  NO.    2A2S29    RUN    3
 VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 741.60 MM KG(29.20 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   DLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   PLOUER INLET P UM, H20UN, H20)
   BLOU-ER INLET TEMP. BEfi, C(DE6. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NQX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
D
     CO  MASS GRAMS
     C02 MASS GRAMS
     NOX MASS GRAMS
     PARTICULATE MASS
     RUN TIME
          DFC» UET (DRY)
          SCF. WET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

     TEST NUMBER.
     BAROMETER.
     HUMIDITY.
     TEMPERATURE.
      CARBON DIOXIDE.
     Fi.'EL CONSUMPTION.

     HYI'ROC ARSONS.
     CARBON MONOXIDE.
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN.
                     GRAMS
                         SECONDS
                         MM HG
                         G/KG
                         BEG C
                          G/KM
                         L/100KM

                         G/KM
                         G/KM
                         G/KM
                                                       VEHICLE  N0.2A
                                                       DATE     6/19/01
                                                       BAG CART NO.   1
                                                       DYNO NO.       2
                                                       CVS NO.   3

                                                       DRY BULB TEMP, 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEO F)
    85 K

701.0 (27.6)
563.9 (22.2)
 30.9 (102.0)
   32005,
319.3 (11273.)
16,9/H/  17.
 5.0/ I/   5,
35.5/13/  33,
  .7/13/   1.
55.5/ 3/  .97
 3.V 3/  .05
16.6/ 2/  17.
  .5/ 2/   1.
    13.69
     12.
     31.
     .93
    16.1
     2.27
    11.56
   5411.5
     9.84
     2.35
   1190,
 ,927 (  ,911)
1.000 (  .974)
   319,3
   67.96
   28.43

  2A2S29
   741,7
    10.7
    25.0
    190,4
    7,10

     ,08
     .41
     ,35
                                         TEST UEIGHT  1014.  KG<  4000. LBS)
                                         ACTUAL ROAD LOAD    3.6  KM(  11.5  HP)
                                         DIESEL    EN-469-F
                                         ODOMETER  4799, KM( 2902.  MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00

-------
 VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CJD) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3

 BAROMETER 739.65 MM HG(29,12 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOUER DIP P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P «M. H20(IN. H20J
    BLOUER INLET TEKP. BEG.  CfflEG.  F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STB.  CU.  METRES(SCr)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION FCT
?   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC. MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    FARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION  BY CB L/100KM
     RUN  TIME             SECONDS-
     MEASURED  DISTANCE    KM
     SCF,  DRY
          BFC,  WET  (PRY)
          SCF,  WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM  BLR  (SCM)
          KM   (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION L/100KH

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
   .  TEST NUMBER        2A2F30
     BAROMETER    MM HG   739.6
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    11.2
     TEMPERATURE  DEG C   23.9
                                                       DATE    6/22/81
                                                       BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
                                                       DYNO NO.      2

                                                       DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 DEB CC75.0 DEB F)
                                                       ABS, HUMIDITY 11.2 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1814.  KG(  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.6  KU<  11.5 HP)
DIESEL    EM-469-F
ODOMETER  4054. KM( 3016. HILCS)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02
OJ
CO
1
TOLD TRANSIENT
690.5 <27,5)
563,9 (22.2)
35.3 ( 95.5)
13057.
135.0 ( 4760.)
17.7/11/ 18.
7.9/ I/ B.
34.3/13/ 32.
2.9/13/ 3.
43. 5/ 3/ .74
3.4/ 3/ .05
12. 5/ 2/ 13.
.!/ 2/ 0.
17.91
10.
20.
.69
12.4
.80
4.43
1715.7
3,26
2,23
,14
,77
298,9
.57
11,16
505,
5,74
,974
,957
1,000






2
STABILIZED
706,1 (27,8)
571.5 (22.5)
31.7 ( 09,0)
23035.
233,8 ( 8255,)
14,3/li/ 14.
10. O/ I/ 10.
21.6/13/ 20.
2.6/13/ 2.
20. 4/ 3/ ,47
3,0/ 3/ .05
9,7/ 2/ 10,
.!/ 2/ 0.
28,47
5,
17,
.42
9.6
.63
4,61
1810,5
4,36
1.45
,10
.75
294.6
471
11,00
868,
6,14
,977
( .939)
( ,976)
. 368,8
77.94
11.09
11.08

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
690.5 (27.5)
563.9 (22.2)
35.6 ( 96,0)
13853.
134.9 ( 4765.)
19,0/il/ 19,
10, O/ I/ 10,
29.1/13/ 27,
1.8/13/ 2.
30. O/ 3/ .64
2,9/ 3/ .04
12. I/ 21 12.
.4/ 2/ 0.
20,77
10,
24.
.60
11,7
.74
3,03
1478.5
3,07
1.34
.13
.67
258.2
,54
9.64
505.
5,73
,975
.960 (
1,000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/K'M


CARPON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/NM
4
STABILIZED
706.1 (27.8)
571,5 (22.5)
31.9 ( 89.5)
23836.
233.7 ( 8251.)
15.1/11/ 15.
7,2/ I/ 7,
20.7/13/ 19,
1.5/13/ 1.
28. 3/ 3/ .47
3. I/ 3/ .05
10, 3/ 2/ 10.
,4/ 2/ 0.
28.58
8.
17.
.42
9,9
1.09
4.64
1795.6
4.50
1,24
.18
.76
293.2
,74
10.95
869.
6.12
.977
.942)
.976)
368.6
77.97
11.85
10.32
3-BAG (4-BAG)
285,5 ( 285.1)
10.66 ( 10.64)
,12 ( .14)
,73 ( .73)
.63 ( .64)
.267 ( ,258)

-------
 TEST NO.   3A2H31   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L<350. CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 739,65 MM HG<29.12 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59. PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    tl.OUER DIF P MM, H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20UN, H20)
U)
ID
BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC, C(DEG.
BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
TOT FLOU STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
HC  SAMPIE NETER/RANGE/PPM
HC  PCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPH
CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
CO  BCNGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
NQX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
DILUTION FACTOR
HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
HC  MASS GRAMS
CO  MASS GRAMS
C02 MASS GRAMS
NOX MASS GRAMS
PARTICULATE  MAGS GRAMS
RUN TIME             SECONDS
      DFC,  UET (DRY)
      SCF.  UET (DRY)
      VOL  (SCH)
      SAM  BLR (SCM)
      KM  (MEASURED)

 TEST  NUMBER•
 BAROMETER,           MM HG
 HUMIDITY,            GAG
 TEMPERATUREi        BEG C
  CARBON DIOXIDEr      GAM
 FUEL  CONSUMPTION!    L/100KM

 HYDROCARBONS*       GAM
 CARBON MONOXIDE*     GAM
 OXIBES OF NITROGEN*  GAM
                                   F)
 VEHICLE NO.?A
 DATE    6/32/81
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 24.4 BEG CX76.0 DEC F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY 11,7 GMAG

    HFET

690,5 (27,5)
541,3 (22.1)
 3
-------
 TEST NO.   2A2H32   RUN   4
 viryrciE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-B
 TRANSMISSION A3
BAROMETER 737.65 MM H0(29,12 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55, PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P MM, H20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CCi  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION 'PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NDX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MriSS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC»  UET (DRY)
         SCFr  UET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         •SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
a
TEST NUMBER,
BAROMETER,
HUMIDITY*
TEMPERATURE,
CARBON DIOXIDEr
FUEL CONSUMPTION,
HYDROCARBONS,
CARBON MONOXIDE,
OXIDES OF NITROGEN,
MM HG
G/KC
DEG C
G/KM
L/100KM
G/KM
G/KM
•G/KM
     PROJECT 05-4074-001

  VEHICLE N0.2A
  DATE    6/22/ai
  BAG CART NO,   1
  DYNO MO,      2
  CVS NO,    3

  DRY BULB TUMP, 23,9 DEC C<75.0 DEG  F)
  MS, HUMIDITY 10,5  CM/KG

     NYCC

 690,5 (27,5)
 563,9 (22,2)
  33,9 (  93,0)
    16440,
 160,6 <  5672.)
 11.9/11/  12,
  6,0/ I/   6,
'19.6/13/  10,
  1,2/137   1,
 25,It 3/  ,41
  3,2/ 3/  .05
  9,4/ 2/   9,
   .A/ 2f   0,
     32.37
       6,
      16,
      .36
      9,0
       ,56
      3.06
    1069.4
      2,75 •
       ,80
     599,
  ,969 (  ,952)
 1.000 <  .970)
    160,6  .
    34,02
     1,88

   2A2N32
    739.6
     10,5 .
     23.9
     567,4
    21,20

      ,30
     1,62
     1,46
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT   1814.  KG(  4000,  IDS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD  LOAD   0.6  KU(  11.5 UP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    Eh-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  4074.  KM( 3041.  MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   ,99

-------
 TEST NO.   2A2S33   RUN   4
 VEHICLE MODEL   81 OLDS CUTLASS
 ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-8
 TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 739.65 MM HG(29,12 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20CIN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEC. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(GCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RAHGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    D:LUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
..   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC.  tIET CJRY)
          SCF,  U'ET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETERi          MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE?        DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      0/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*       G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDEi    G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,  G/KM
85 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     DATE    (5/22/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY DULB TEMP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEO  F)
     ADS,  HUMIDITY 10.7  GM/KG

        85 K

    690,9 (27.2)
    558.8 (22.0)
     37.2 ( 99.0)
       32944.
    320.3 (11310.)
    16,5/H/  16.
     5.7/ I/   6.
    35.7/13/  33,
      .9/13/   1,
    54.6/ 3/  ,96
     3.0/ 3/  ,05
    17.O/ 2/  17.
      ,5/ 2/   1.
        13,94
         11,
         31,
         ,91
        16,5
         2.07
        11.61
       5359.0
        10.13
         2,52
       1200.
     ,928 ( .912)
    1.000 ( ,974)
       320,3
       67,80
       28,39

      2A2S33
       739.6
        10.7
        25.0
        188,8
        7.04

         .07
         .41
         ,36
TEST WEIGHT  1814,
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EM-469-F
ODOMETER  4897. KM( 3043
KG( 4000. LBS)
0.6 KU( 11.5 HP)
       MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,00

-------
  TEST NO.    2A2F34   RUN   5
  VEHICLE MODEL    01 OLDS CUTLASS
  ENGINE 5.7  L(350. CID) V-8
  TRANSMISSION A3

  BAROMETER 742.19 MM HG(29.22 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59. PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG, C(DEG, F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU.  METRES(SCF)
    IIC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PFM
    C02 SAMPLE ttCTER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PFM
    NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO CONCENTRATION PPM
n  C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
T   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
£  HC MASS GRAMS
    CO MASS CRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS

    HC GRAHS/KM
    CO GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAHS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME            SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE   KM
    SCFf  DRY
          DFCf  UET (DRY)
          SCF»  UET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION  L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST  NUMBER        2A2F34
     BAROMETER     MM HG   742.2
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    11.2
     TEMPERATURE  DEG C    23.9
   PROJECT 05-4074-001

VEHICLE N0.2A
DATE    6/23/81
BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.   3
DYNO NO,      2

DRY DULB TEMP, 23.9 DEG C(75.0 DEG F)
ADS, HUMIDITY 11.2 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1014.  KG<  4000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0,6 KU< 11.5 HP)
DIESCL    EM-467-F
ODOHETER  4925, KM< 3060. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01
1
;OLD TRANSIENT
703,6 (27,7)
571,5 (22.5)
35.0 ( 95.0)
13058,
135.5 ( 4705.)
16.0/11/ 1A,
6,7/ I/ 7,
32.2/13/ 30.
2.0/13/ 2,
43. 2/ 3/ ,74
2,9/ 3/ ,04
13, 9/ 2/ 14,
,6/ 2/ 1,
10.06
10,
27.
,70
13,3
.75
4.26
1726.1
3,51
2.34
.13
.74
299.6
.61
11,10
505.
5,76
,974
.958
1.000






2
STABILIZED
706.1 (27,0)
571.5 (22.5)
32,2 ( 90,0)
23019,
234,3 ( 8271.)
11.6/11/ 12,
5,7/ I/ 6,
19.9/13/ 18.
1.9/13/ 2,
20, 2/ 3/ ,46
2,5/ 3/ ,04
10. 9/ 2/ 11,
,5/ 2/ 1,
20,72
6,
16,
.43
10,4
.83
4.36
1030,6
4.74
1,41
.13
.71
297.3
.77
11.10
868.
6,16
,977
( .940)
( .776)
367.8
78.25
11,92
11.14

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
703.6 (27,7)
569,0 (22.4)
35,6 ( 96,0)
13053.
135,4 ( 4700.)
14,7/H/ 15,
5,7/ I/ 6,
26.4/13/ 24.
.7/13/ 1.
30. 7/ 3/ .65
3,2/ 3/ ,05
12, O/ 2/ 13,
,6/ 2/ 1,
20,38
9.
23.
.61
12.2
.72
3.60
1504.5
3.21
1.40
,13
,63
262,3
,56
9.79
505.
5.74
.975
,960 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/K«


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
700.7 (27,9)
574.0 (22.6)
32.8 ( 91.0)
23011.
233.8 ( 8256.)
11,3/H/ 11,
5.0/ I/ 5.
18.5/13/ 17.
,0/13/ 1.
20. O/ 3/ ,46
3.0/ 3/ .05
10. 7/ 2/ 11.
,4/ 2/ 0.
20.95
6,
16.
.42
10.3
,87
4,26
1760.2
4.68
1.28
.14
,69
289,3
.76
10.00
868.
6.15
.977
.942)
.976)
369.2
78.27
11.89
10.31
3-BAG (4- DAG)
288.2 ( 285.8)
10.76 ( 10.67)
.13 ( .13)
.69 ( .69)
.68 ( .68)
.269 ( .264)

-------
TETCT NO.   2A2N35   RUN   5
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350, CID) V-0
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 742.70 MM HG<29,24 IN KG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM, II20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP, DEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRTi METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
-.   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
?.   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
^   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO- MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS CRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFCi  UET (DRY)
      •   SCFr  UET (DRY)  •
          WL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER*
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE*        I'tG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE?      C/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L.100KM

    HYDROCARBONS *       G/KM
  ' CARBON MONOXIDE*    G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE r.:MICDIOWS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074 001

     VEHICLE N0.2A
     DATE    6/:!3/81
     DAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO,      2
     CVS NO,    3

     DRY BULD TCMP, 24,4 DEG C(76,0 DEO F>
     ABS,  HUMIDITY 10,9 Gft/KG

        NYCC

    700,7 (27,9)
    571,5 (22,5)
     33,3 (  92,0)
       16441,
    161.4 (  5699.)
    J2.5/11/  12,
     5.0/ I/   5.
    19.6/13/  10,
     1.0/13/   1.
    24.4/ 3/  .40
     3,I/ 3/  .05
     9.6/ 2/  ID,
      ,4/ 2/   0,
        33.49
          8.
         17,
         ,35
         9.2
          .71
         3.10
       1037.6
         2.06
          .75
        599.
     ,970 (  ,953)
    1,000 (  ,97D)
       161.4
       34,20
        1,95

      2A2N35
       742.7  •
        10.9
        24.4
        532.7
       19,92

         .36
        1.59
        1.47
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1014.  KG(  4000,  LPS>
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.6  KU(  11.5 fIP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  4949,  KM< 3075,  MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,01

-------
TEST NO.   2A2N36   RUN  6
VEHICLE MODEL   01 OLDS CUTLASS
ENGINE 5.7 L(350. CID) V-fl
TRANSMISSION A3
 BAROMETER 742.95 MM HG(29.25 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    DLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. PEG. C(DEG, F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU GTD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
    C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
"   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
*.   HC  MASS  GRAMS
*•   CO  MASS  GRAMS
    C02 MASS  GRAMS
    NOX MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN  TIME              SECONDS
          DFC,  WET (DRY)
          SCF*  WET (DRY)
          VOL  (5CM)
          SAM  ULR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

     TEST  NUMBER*
     BAROMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITY*             G/KG
     TEMPERATURE*         DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION*     L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN*   G/KM
    PROJECT 05-4074-001

 VEHICLE N0.2A
 DATE    i/;'3/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   2

 DRY BULB TfMP. 24.4 BEG C(76.0 BEO F)
 ABS. HUMIDITY 10.9 GM/KG

    NYCC

708.7 <27.9)
571.5 (22.5)
 32,8 ( 91,0)
   16434,
161.6 < 5706.)
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT   1014.  KG(  4000. LH5)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD  LOAD   8.6  KU(  11.5  HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  4950.  KM( 3076.  MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   1.01
 4.0/ I/
19.2/13/
                                                               5.
                                                              17,
          ,05
           9.
           0.
                                                    24, 7/ 3/
                                                     3.3/ 3/
                                                     9.3/ 2/
                                                      ,4/ 2/
                                                        33,07
                                                          7.
                                                         16.
                                                         .35
                                                         8.9
                                                          .64
                                                         3.07
                                                       1045.5
                                                         2.77
                                                          .70
                                                        599.
                                                     .970 <  .952)
                                                    1.000 (  .970)
                                                       161.6
                                                       34.22
                                                        1,05

                                                      2A2N36
                                                       743.0
                                                        10.9
                                                        24.4
                                                        563,8
                                                       21.07

                                                         .35
                                                        1,66
                                                        1,4?

-------
        APPENDIX E

       TEST RESULTS,
 FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
  WITHOUT AFTERTREATMENT
FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
SUMMARY OF  REGULATED EMISSIONS  FROM FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
        RESEARCH VEHICLE,  EM-329-F  BASE FUEL, NO CATALYST
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NO g/mi
Part., g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
3A1F01
3-b FTP
6/26
1
0.40
1.37
1.98
0.24
23.0
3A1F05
3-b FTP
6/29
2
0.37
1.32
2.09
0.28
22.2
3A1F09
3-b FTP
7/2
3
0.40
1.29
2.04
0.26
23.2
3A1F13
3-b FTP
7/6
4
0.37
1.40
2.04
0.27
22.5
3A1H02
HFET
6/26
1
0.11
0.47
1.27
0.12
36.6
3A1H06
HFET
6/29
2 .
0.10
0.47
1.22
0.12
37.1
3A1H10
HFET
7/2
3
o.ii
0.43
1.32
0.13
36.5
3A1H14
HFET
7/6
4
0.10
0.43
1.27
0.14
36.0
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NO , g/mi
Part. , g/mi
Fuel , mi/gal
3A1N03
NYCC
6/26
1
1.06
3.17
2.74
0.39
14.5
3A1N07
NYCC
6/29
2
1.08
3.22
2.65
0.47
14.7
3A1N11
NYCC
7/2
3
1.11
3.01
2.77
0.40
14.3
3A1N15
NYCC
7/6
4
0.97
2.91
2.75
0.37
14.6
3A1S04
85 kph
6/26
1
0.08
0.40
1.27
0.11
37.2
3A1S08
85 kph
6/29
2
OV05
0.39
1.30
0.11
38.0
3A1S12
85 kph
7/2
3
0.08
.0.37
1.32
0.11
37.3
3A1S16
85 kph
7/6
4
0.08
0.39
1.30
0.12
36.5
                             E-2

-------
w
 I
TEST NO.   3A1F01   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L~4
TRANSMISSION M5

BAROMETER 745.24 MM IIG(29,34 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOUER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUCR INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLFT TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOIJ STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKORn METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BChGRH METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE M.rTER/RANGE/PCT
   C03 BCKGRD METER/RANfiE/PCT
   ?:riX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION  FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION  PPT
   NIIX CONCCNtRATION  PPM
   DC  MADS  GRAMS
   CO  MASS  GRAMS
   C02 MASS  GRAMS
   NOX MASS  GRAMS
     HC  GRAMS/KM
     CO  CRAMS/KM
     C02 GRAMS/KM
     NOX GRAMS/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

     RUN TIME             SECONDS
     MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
     SCF. DRY
          DFC» UET  (DRY)
          SCFf UET  (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR  (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER        3A1F01
     BAROMETER    MM HG  745.2
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    11,1
     TEMPERATURE   BEG C   23,9
                                                  FTP    VEHICLE ['MISSIONS  RESULTS
                                                          PROJECT 05-4074-001

                                                       VEHICLE  NO.3ft
                                                       DATE    6/:i6/01
                                                       BAG CART NO. 1 /  CVS NO,   3
                                                       DYNO NO.      2

                                                       DRY BULD TIMP. 23.9  DEC  C(75,0  DEB F)
                                                       ABS,  HUMIDITY  11,1 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361, KG( 3000. LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EH-327-F
ODOMETER  7659, KM< 4759. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
698,5 (27,5)
566,4 (22, 3>
36,1 ( 97,0)
13853.
135,0 ( 4794.)
20,0/H/ 29,
5,9/ I/ 6.
35.2/13/ 33,
,9/13/ 1.
38. 4/ 3/ .65
2.C/ 3/ ,04
25, 5/ 2/ 26,
,4/ 2/ 0,
20,49
23.
31.
,61
25,1
1.02
4.07
1510,4
6,61
,99
.32
.06
266.4
1,17
10.22
505.
5.67
.975
.961 (
1,000 (






2
STABILIZED
706,1 (27,8)
571,5 (22,5)
35,6 ( 96,0)
23021,
233,6 ( 8250,)
16.9/11/ 17,
4,8/ I/ 5,
25.8/13/ 24,
.9/13/ 1,
27. 3/ 3/ .45
2.B/ 3/ .04
10. 3/ 2/ 18,
,4/ 2/ 0,
29,66
12,
22,
,41
17,9
1,65
6,04
1738.7
Q.ll
,95
,27
.99
206.5
1.34
10,90
868.
6.07
,977
.943)
.976)
369.5
78.43
11.74
10.61

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
703.6 (27.7)
571.5 (22,5)
37.2 ( 99,0)
13855,
135,6 ( 4786.)
16.0/11/ 16,
4,fl/ I/ 5,
24.5/13/ 22,
,0/13/ 1,
34. I/ 3/ ,57
2,9/ 3/ ,04
23, 5/ 2/ 24,
,5/ 2/ 1,
23,38
11.
2«;
,33
23,0
.89
3.32
1307,7
6,05
,72
,16
.59
230.9
1.07
B.C3
505.
5.66
.976
.963 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KN
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
690,5 (27.5)
571,5 (22.5)
36,1 ( 97,0)
23014.
233,4 ( 0241.)
16,5/H/ 17,
4.7/ I/ 5.
26.0/13/ 24.
.9/13/ 1,
27. I/ 3/ .44
2.6/ 3/ .04
17. 9/ 2/ 10.
,5/ 2/ 1,
29.89
12,
22,
,41
17,4
1.61
6,08
1734.4
7,87
,92
,26
1.00
2E5.2
1.29
10,93
868,
6.08
.977
.945)
.977)
368.9
78.33
11,75
9.92
3- BAG (4-BAG)
267.0 ( 266,6)
10.23 ( 10.22)
.25 ( .25)
,85 ( .06)
1.23 ( 1.21)
,152 ( .151)

-------
M
I
  TEST NO.    3A1H02   RUN   1
  VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
  ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 744,47 MM HG<29.31 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUCFc INLET TEMP. DEG. C(LEG. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   HC  BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  GAhPLE hETER/RANBE/PPM
   CO  DCNGRD hETER/RANCE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANCE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   MC  MAGS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULAR  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCi  WET (DRY)
         SCF.  UET (DRY)
         VOL  (5CM)
         SAM BLR (SCH)
         KM  (MEASURED)
     TEST NUMBER»
     BAROMETER.           MM HG
     HUMIDITYr            G/KG
     TEMPERATUREi         DEG C
      CARBON  DIOXIDE*      G/KM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIBEr     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGENf  G/KM
HPET   VCHICLE: EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    6/26/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3

     BRY BULB TCMP. 25.0 DEG C(77.0 DEG F)
     ACS.  HUMIDITY 10.6 CM/KG

        HFET

    
-------
TEST NO.   3A1N03   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 744.22 MM MG(29.30 IN HGX
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLQyER DIF P MM. II20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRIi METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION'FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
?   CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
w   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    HC  MASS  GRAMS
    CO  MASS  GRAMS
    C02 MASS  GRAMS
    NOX MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MAGS GRAMS
    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
          DFC,  UET (BRY)
          SCF,  UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM  BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

     TEST  NUMBER,
     BAROMETER,           MM KG
     HUMIDITY,            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE,        DEG.C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
  •   FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS,       G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE.    G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE NO.3A
     DATE    6/26/01
     BAG CART NO.  1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULD TEMP. 24.4 DEC CC76.0 DEO F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY 10.2 GM/KG

        NYCC

    690.5 (27.5)
    571.5 (22.5)
     33.9 (  93.0)
    •   U439.
    161.6 (  5706.)
    17.6/11/  IB.
     4.5/ I/   5.
    22.P/13/  21.
     1.0/13/   1.
    19.2/ 3/  .31
     2.9/ 3/  .04
    10.9/ 2/  11.
      ,5/ 2/   1.
        42.97
         13.
         20.
         .26
        10.4
         1.23
         3.60
        703.3
         3.16
          .45
        599.  '
     .977 (  .960)
    1.000 (  .900)
       161.6
       34.27
        1.86 -

      3A1N03
       744.2
        10,2
        24.4
        420.2
       16.17

         .66
        1.97
        1.70
                                                                                              TEST  HEIGHT   1361. KG( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU(  11.0  HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL     EH-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETCR   7696. KM(  4782. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   .90

-------
TCST NO.   3A1S04   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 744.22 MM HG(29.30 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  48. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TFST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWEP INLET TEMP. BEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE MLTER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE-METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
„   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
i    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
*   Ct)2 CONCENTRATION  PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
          DFC,  UET (DRY)
          SCFf  UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM  BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

     TEST  DUMBER»
     BAROMETER*          MM HG
     HUMIDITY*            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE*        BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
     FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS*       G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE*    G/KM
     OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*  G/KM
05 KPH VEHICLE CMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0..3A
     DATE    6/26/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 26.7 BEQ C<80,0 DEG  F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 10.6 CM/KG

        85 K

    706.1 (27.0)
    576.6 (22.7)
     36.7 ( 90.0)
       32930.
    321.9 (11367.)
    11.3/11/  11.
     4.2/ I/   4.
    22.6/13/  21.
     1.2/13/   1.
    40.5/ 3/  .£.4
     2.7/ 3/  .04
    37.2/ 2/  37.
      .5/ 2/   1.
        15.93
          7.
         19.
         .00
        36.7
         1.36
         7.11
       4712.5
        22,56
         1.79
       1200.
     .937 ( .923)
    1,000 < .977)
       321,9
       60.53
       28.41

      3A1S04
       744,2
        10.6
        26.7
        165.9
        6.33

         .05
         .25
         .79
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT   1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL     EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  7697,  KM(
KG( 3000. LDS)
0,2 KU( 11.0 HP)

 47G3. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00

-------
-J
 TEST ND.    3A1F05   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL       TC FIAT
 ENGINE  2.0  LU22,  CID)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 743.46  MM  HG(29.27  IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
   BAG NUMBER-
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOUER DIF P MM.  II20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P  MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP, BEC,  C(DEG. F)
   EiLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU.  METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC   BCKGRD METER/RANGE/P^M
   CO   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO   BCKGRD MEFER/RANGE/PPM
   C02  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC   MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02  MASS GRAMS
   NOX  MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS CRAMS

   HC  GRANS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
   NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

   RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SLTr DRY
         DFC, WET  (DRY)
         SCFr UET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (5CM>
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/100KK

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER         3A1F05
    BAROMETER    MM  HG  743.5
    HUMIDITY     G/KP    11.1
    TEMPERATURE  DEG  C   25.6
                                                         . ^..»^i_i_  LII.liJO.lUPO  KL^ULIS
                                                          PROJECT 05-4074--001

                                                       VEHICLE  N0.3A
                                                       DATE    6/J9/81
                                                       BAG  CART NO. 1 /  CVS NO,   3
                                                       DYNO NO.      2

                                                       DRY  BULB TCMF. 25.6  DEG C(78,0  DEG F)
                                                       ABS,  HUMIDITY 11,1 GM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2  KU<  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329--F
CriOMETER  7736. KM( 4807. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01
1
;OLD TRANSIENT
703,6 (27,7)
571,5 (22,5)
37,2 ( 99.0)
13037,
134,9 ( 4764.)
10,7/H/ 19,
4,2/ I/ 4,
23.1/13/ 21,
.9/13/ 1,
44. U 3/ ,76
2.B/ 3/ ,04
32, 5/ 2/ 33,
,3/ 2/ 0,
17,45
15,
20.
.72
32.2
1,15
3.09
1787.3
Q.43
1,30
.20
,54
313.0
1.40
11,95
504.
5,71
,976
.957 (
1,000 (











2 3
STABILIZED flOT TRANSIENT
690,5 (27,5) 701,0 (27,6)
566.4 (22,3) 571,5 (22,5)
36,7 ( 90,0) 36,7 ( 90,0)
23037, 13046.
232.7 ( 8216.) 135.1 ( 4770.)
16,7/H/ 17, 16.0/11/ 17,
4.4X I/ 4, 4,4/ I/ 4.
27.7/13/ 25. 25.6/13/ 23,
1.1/13/ 1, 1.2/13/ 1,
27. 7/ 3/ ,45 34. 3/ 3/ ,57
2.97 3/ ,04 3.0/ 3/ .05
10, 7/ 2/ 19. 24. O/ 2f 24,
,4/ 2/ 0, ,7/ 2/ 1,
29,1? 23,23
12, 13,
24, 22,
,41 ,53
10,3 23,3
1.67 ,90
6,45 3.42
1755,4 1308,4
0,27 6.11
1.06 .02
,27 .17
1.05 .60
206.7 229.4
1.35 1,07
10.99 0.77
860. 504,
6.12 5.70
,979 ,970
,941) .963 (
,970) 1,000 (
367,6
77.00
11.03
11.46

CARBON DIOXIDE 6/KH
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KN
HYDROCARBONS (THC) 6/KN
CARBON MONOXIDE G/KM
OXIDES OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICIPATES G/KH
4
STADILIZED
690,5 (27.5)
571,5 (22.5)
36.7 ( 90,0)
23020.
232,4 ( 0206.)
16,5/H/ 17.
4,0/ I/ 4.
26.6/13/ 24.
1.0/13/ 1,
27. 2/ 3/ .45
3.0/ 3/ ,05
17, 5/ 2/ 16.
,8/ 2/ ;.
29. "»
13,
23.
,40
16.7
1.70
6.19
1709.3
7.54
.93
,28
1.01
279.7
1,23
10.73
868,
6.11
,979
,946)
.978)
367.5
77,75
11,81
9.78
3-FAG (4-DAG)
276.4 ( 274.3)
10.58 ( 10.50)
,23 ( .23)
.82 ( .01)
1,30 ( 1,27)
,176 ( .170)

-------
TEST NO.   3A1HO&   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL       TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CIO) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 742.95 MM HC<29,25 IN 116)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOUER DIF P MM. H2Q(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. II20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP, DEG. C(DEO. F)
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STFi. CU. METRES(GCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKCRD METCR/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANDE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRB METCR/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  -MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS CRAMS
   PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME              SECONDS
         BFC.  WET 
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  7759. KM( 4021. MILEO)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
 TEST NO.    3A1NO 7  RUN   2
 VEHICLE MOUEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.C  U122. CID) L--4
 TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 742,95 MM IIG<29.25 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HJMIPITY  50, PCT
 PAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN. H20)
BLOU'ER INLET P MM,' H20^IN, H20)
BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG, C(DEG, F)
BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
TOT FLOU STD, CU, METRES(SCF)
HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PLT
NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
DILUTION FACTOR
HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
HC  MASS GRAMS
CO  MASS GRAMS
C02 MAGS GRAMS
NOX MASS G..ArtS
PARTICUIA7E  MASS GRAMS
RUN TIME              SECONDS
      DFC,  UET (DSY)
      SCr,  UET (DRY)
      VOL  'SCM)
      SAM tLR (SCM)
      KM  (MEASURED)
M
     TEST NUMBER,
     BAROMETER.           MM Hfi
     HUMIDITYi            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE.         DEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE.      GAM
     FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS>        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDf.1     G/KM
     OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/;,M
N*CC   VEHICLE CMISGIONG RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074 001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    6/29/01
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULB TEMP, 25,6 DEG C(7B.O DEO Fi
     ABS,  IIUMJDITY 10,4 CM/KG

        NYCC

    690,5 (27.5)
    571,5 <22,5)
     35,0 (  95,0)
       16442,
    161,0 (  5685.)
    17.3/11/  17,
     J.R/ I/   4,
    23.4/13/  21,
     1.0/13/   1.
    19.O/ 3/  .30
     2.7/ 3/  ,04
    10.?/ 2/  11,
      ,6/ 2/   1,
        43.43
         14.
         20,
         .26
        10.1
         1.26
         3.75
        779.2
         3.00
          .55
        599.
     ,977 (  ,961)
    1.000 (  .981)
       161.0
       34.21
        1.87

      3A1N06
       743,0
        10.4
        25.6
        415.7
       16.00

         .67
        2,00
        1.65
                                                                                          TEST UEIGUT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LB5)
                                                                                          ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KW(  11.0 IIP)
                                                                                          DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                          ODOMETER  7773,  KM( 4830. MILES)
                                                                                          NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
TEST NO.   3A1S08   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2,0 H122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 742.70 MM HG(29.24 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  47. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    DLOUER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(TEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
~   HC  CONCENTRATION  PPM
i    CO  CONCENTRATION  PPM
5   C02 CONCENTRATION  PCT
0   NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICUi-ATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC,  WET  (DRY)
          SCF,  UET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,        DEG  C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,'      G/KM,
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/IOOK'M

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,    G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN,  G/KM
fl5 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    6/;:9/01
     BAG CART ND.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TFMP. 2,5.1 DEG C(79.0 BEO F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 10.2 GM/KG

        85 K

    703.6 (27.7)
    571.5 (22.5)
     30.3 (101.0)
       32692.
    318.2 (11235.)
     8,8/H/   9.
     4.0/ I/   4.
    22.5/13/  21.
     1.3/13/   1.
    48.3/ 3/  ,t3
     2.9/ 3/  .04
    39.I/ 2/  39.
      .4/ 2/   0.
        16.00
          5.
         19.
         .79
        38.7
          .93
         6.96
       4618.8
        23.16
         1.96
       1200.
     .930 ( .923)
    1.000 ( .977)
       318.2
       67.94
       28.44

      3A1GOB
       742.7
        10.2
        26.1
        162.4
        6.19

         .03
         .24
         .81
                                                                                              TEST  WEIGHT   1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD  LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-327-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  7776. KM(
KG( 3000. LB5)
0.2 KU( 11.0 (IP)

 4032. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .98

-------
 TEST NO,   3A1F09   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 740.66 MM HG<29.l4 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  66. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP, DEG, C(DEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    T01 FLOW STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANOE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANCE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
M   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
M  ' NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
^   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS  GRAMS

    HC  .GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAHS/KM               '  .
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION  BY  CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE   KM
    SCFf  DRY
          DFCi  WET (DRY)
          SCF,  WET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION  L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST  NUMBER        3A1F09
    BAROMETER     MM HG   740.7
    HUMIDITY      G/KG    12.7
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C  23.9
FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT C5-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/ 2/81
     BAG CART NO.  1 /  CVS NO.   3
     DYNO NO.      2

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9 DEG C(75,0 DEB F)
     ABS, HUMIDITY 12.7 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EH-329-F
ODOMETER  7824. KM(
KG( 3000. LDS>
8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)

 4861. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.07
1
;GLD TRANSIENT
701.0 (27.6)
571.5 (22.5)
37.8 (100.0)
13063.
135.0 ( 4760.)
28. 0/1 I/ 2fl,
5.4/ I/ 5.
36.6/13/ 34.
3.1/13/ 3.
38. 5/ 3/ ,65
2.8/ 3/ .04
26. O/ 2/ 26,
.3/ 2/ 0,
20.43
23.
30.
,61
25.7
1.78
4.74
1506.0
7,10
1,27
,31
,83
262.5
1.24
10,07
505,
5.74
r973
.960
1,000






2
STABILIZED
701,0 (27.6)
571.5 (22,5)
37,8 (100,0)
23001,
231,8 ( 8186.)
16,0/H/ 17,
4,4/ I/ 4,
26.6/13/ 24,
2,9/l.V 3,
27, 7/ 3/ ,45
2.67 3/ .04
18. 3/ 2/ 10.
.3/ 2/ 0.
29.20
13.
21.
.42
18.0
1.68
5.71
1767.8
8.53
.95
.27
.93
286,8
1.38
10.99
867.
6,16
.974
( .940)
( .974)
366.9
77.94
11,90
10,54

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
701.0 (27,6)
571,5 (22.5)
38.9 (102,0)
13842,
134,5 ( 4748.)
17.4/11/ 17,
4,3/ I/ 4,
25.0/13/ 23.
3.2/13/ 3.
34. 6/ 3/ .58
3.2/ 3/ .05
23. 5/ 2/ 24,
,5/ 2/ 1,
23,01
13.
19.
.53
23.0
1.03
3.04
1308,7
6,33
,76
.18
,53
226,7
1,10
8,67
505.
5.77
.973
.963 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM
%

CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
698.5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
37,8 (100,0)
23796.
231.8 ( 8184.)
17.0/11/ 17.
4.3/ I/ 4.
25.5/13/ 23.
2.8/13/ 3.
27, 5/ 37 ,45
3,0/ 3/ ,05
18, O/ 2/ 18.
,6/ 2/ 1.
29.43
13.
20.
.41
17,4
1,71
5.46
1727.3
8.25
.86
.28
.88
278.9
1.33
10.69
868.
6.19
.974
,942)
.974)
366.3
77.82
11.97
9.71
3-BAG (4-BAG)
265.2 ( 262.9)
10.16 ( 10.07)
.25 ( .26)
.80 ( .78)
1.27 ( 1.26)
.161 ( .157)

-------
TEST NO.   3A1H10   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION MS
BAROMETER 740.16 MM HG(29.14 IN 116)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  57. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE:
   BLOUER BIF P MM. H20
-------
TEST NO.   3A1N11   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 740.16 MM HG(29.14 IN HG)
 RELATIVE  HUMIDITY  50.  PCT
 BAG  RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER BIF  P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP.  BEG. C(DEG,  F)
   BLC'JER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE  liETER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRB  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
*?   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
M   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
w   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFCF  WET (BRY)
          SCFF  WET (DRY)
          VOL (GCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBERF
    BAROMETERF           MM  HG
    HUMIDITYF            G/K6
     TEMPERATUREF        BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDEr       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONSF       G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDEF     G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGENF  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/ 2/01
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 26.1 DEC C<79.0 DEO F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 11.0 CM/KG

        NYCC

    706.1 (27.8)
    576,6 (22,7)
     35.0 (  91..0)
       16425.
    160.3 (  S.'5v.)
    1B.1/11/  10.
     4,3/ I/   4.
    24.8/13/  23.
     4.0/13/   4.
    20,2/ 3/  .33
     3.6/ 3/  ,06
    10.B/ 2/  11.
      ,4/ 2/   0.
        40.72
         14.
         19.
         .27
        10,4
         1,28
         3,49
        795.7
         3,22
          .46
        599,
     ,975 <  .960)
    1.000 <  .901)
       160.3
       33.09
        1.06

      3A1N11
       740,2
        11.0
        26,1
        426,7
       16,41

         ,69
        1,07
        1,72
                                                                                             TEST DEIGUT  1361, KG(
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2
                                                                                             DIESEL    EH-329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  7861. KM<
   3000,  LBS)
   KU( 11.0 HP)
4C34. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01

-------
TEST NO,   3A1S12   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL    •• TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID> L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 740.16 MM HG<29.14 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIP P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. BEG, C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE ME7ER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKfiRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
„.   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
?   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
£   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
*"   HC  M'ASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFC.  UET  (DRY)
          SCF.  WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
        •SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.          MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG .
    TEMPERATURE.        BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDEr      G/KM.
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.   L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIBE.    G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN, • G/KM
,.i ir vuniout tnJbblUNU RESULTS
     PROJECT 05-4074-001

  VEHICLE NO.3A
  DATE    7/ 2/01
  DAG CART NO.  1
  DYNO NO,      2
  CVS NO,   3

  DRY DULD TEMP. 25,6 DEO C<78.0 DEO F)
  ADS. HUMIDITY 11,2 CM/KG

     B5 K

 701,0 (27.6)
 571.5 (22,5)
  37.0 (100,0)
    32099,
 319,7 (11290,)
 11.4/11/  11,
  4,0/ I/   4,
 23.7/13/  22,
  3.6/13/   3,
 49,3/ 3/  .05
  3.5/ 3/  ,05
 38,I/ 2/  38,
   ,5/ 2/   1.
     15,64
       0.
      18.
      .00
     37.6
      1.41
      6.68
    4703.4
     23,39
      1.95
    1200.
  .936 ( .920)
 1.000 ( .975)
    319,7 •
    67.90
    20.42

   3A1S12
    740.2
     11,2-"
     25.6
     165,5
     6.31

      ,05
      .23
      .82
TEST M,T
                  ?KO(
  UAL ROAD LOAD   8.2
8IESEL    EM-329-F
DOMETER  7863. KM( 4086
                                                                                                                    3000. LB3)
                                                                                                                    KU(  11.0 HP)
                                                                                                                        MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,02

-------
  7TST NO.    3AJF13   RUN    4
  VEHICLE MODEL       TC FIAT
  ENGINE 2,0  L(122, CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5

  BAROMETER 739,14 MM MG(29.10 IN HG)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59, PCT
  DAG RESULTS
    BAR NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. M20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD ML'TER/RANOE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE MCTER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 CAMPLE MET.I'/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCNGRn METEK/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRfi MErER/RANGE/PPH
    DILUTION FACTOR
    IIC  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
w  C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
L  NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
en  HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE  MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION BY  CB L/100KM

    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE     KM
     SCF,  DRY
          DFCr  WET (DRY)
          SCFr  UET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM PLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL  CONSUMPTION L/100KM

  COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST  NUMBER        3A1F13
     BAROMETER    MM HG  739.1
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    11.7
     TEMPERATURE  DEC C   24.4
FTP    VEHICLE (MISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/ 6/01
     BAG CART NO.  1 / CVS NO.   3
     DYNO NO.      2

     DRY DULD TUMP. 24,4 DEG  C<76.0  DEO  F)
     ADO,  HUMIDITY 11,7  GM/KG
TCST WEIGHT  1361.  KG<  3000.  LDR)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU(  11.0 IIP)
DIECEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  7902. KM( 4910. MILESi
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,03
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
693,4 (27,3)
546,4 (22,3)
37.5 ( ?9,5)
13051,
134,7 ( 475,4.)
28.6/11/ 29,
6.5/ I/ 7.
43.0/13/ 40.
4.0/13/ 4.
40. 7/ 3/ ,o9
3.3/ 3/ .05
27. 7/ 2/ 21).
.6/ 2/ I,
19.21
22,
36.
.64
27.1
1.75
5.57
1505,3
7.22
1.23
,30
.97
275.3
1.25
10.56
505.
5.76
.974
.958 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
696.0 (27,4)
569.0 (22,4)
35,6 ( 96.0)
23800,
2,12.1 ( 8194.)
16.4/11/ 16.
5.5/ I/ 6.
29.0/13/ 27,
3.7/13/ 3.
20. 7/ 3/ ,47
3.0/ 3/ .05
10. 9/ 2/ 19,
.4/ 2/ 0,
28.10
11.
23.
.43
18.5
1,49
6,14
1819.7
8,49
1.02
.24
.99
293.1
1.37
11.23
860,
6.21
.977
.940)
.976)
366,0
77.54
11.97
10.91

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
693,4 (27,3)
566,4 (22.3)
37.2 < 99.0)
13062.
134.0 ( 4760.)
17,0/H/ 17,
5,5/ I/ 6,
26. 2/1 3/ 24,
3.0/13/ 3.
34. 9/ 3/ .50
3. I/ 3/ .05
24. O/ 2/ 24,
,5/ 2/ 1.
22.79
12,
21,
.54
23.5
.91
3,25
1329,3
6.27
.76
.16
.57
232.6
1.10
8,89
505.
5.72
,975
,962 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARDONS (TIICJ G/KH


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
696,0 (27.4)
569.0 (22,4)
36.7 ( 90,0)
23700.
231.5 ( 8174.)
16.9/11/ 17.
4.9/ I/ 5.
26. 2/1 3/ 24.
2.7/13/ 2.
28. O/ 3/ .46
3,6/ 3/ .06
17.fi/ 2/ 10.
,4/ 2/ 0.
20.87
12.
23.
.41
17.4
1.62
5.66
1724.5
7.97
.96
.26
.92
281.6
1.30
10,79
867.
6.12
.977
.944)
.976)
366.3
77.48
11.84
9.87
3-BAG (4-DAG)
272.9 ( 269.4)
10.45 ( 10.32)
,23 ( .24)
.87 ( .05)
1.27 ( 1.25)
.166 ( .164)

-------
 TfTCT NO.    3A1H14    RUN    4
 VEHICLE MOriEL       TC  FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0  L(122, CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5


BAROMETER 730.09 MM  HG(29,09  IN IIG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIF P MM,  H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TFMP. DEG, C(DEG, F)
   DLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
       SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
       BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
HC
HC
CO
CO
    CAMPLE MFTER/RANGE/PPM
    BCKGRD              -'
C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
DILUTION FACTOR
HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
(1C  MAGS GRAMS
CO  MASS GRAMS
C02 MAGS GRAMS
NOX MASS GRAMS
PARTICULAR  MASS GRAMS
RUN TIME             SECONDS
      DFC*  WET  (DRY)
      SCF,  UET  (DRY)
      VOL  (SCM)
      SAM BLR (SCM)
      KM  (MEASURED)

TEST  NUMBER*
BAROMETER*           MM HG
HUMIDITY*            G/KG
TEMPERATURE*        DEG C
  CARDON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
OX I TiES OF  NITROGEN.  G/KM
   ....•^vt-i. i_ii.t~Jt»xijnfO r\L.ijUL. f £>
    PROJECT 05-4071-001

 VEHICLE N0.3A
 DATE    7/ i/Ot
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO,      2
 CV,<> NO,   3

 DRY BULB TEMP, 25.6 DEG C(70,0 DEO F)
 ABO, HUMIDITY 11,2 GH/KG

    HFET

698.5 <27,5)
563,9 (22,2)
 37,0 (100.0)
   21014,
204.3 ( 7214.)
13.1/11/  13,
 4,7/ I/   5.
23.1/13/  21,
 2.1/13/   2.
46.2/ 3/  ,79
 3.5/ 3/  .05
33.2/ 2/  33,
 l.O/ 2/   1.
    16.00
      ?.
     19,
     .74
    32.3
     1,02
     4.44
   2702.4
    12.32
     1,45
    766,
 .940 ( .724)
1.000 ( .975)
   204,3
   43,30
   16.25

  3A1II14
   738.9
    11.2
    25,6
    171.2
    6.53

     .06
     ,27
     .79
                                                                                          TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000. LBC)
                                                                                          ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU(  11.0 IIP)
                                                                                          DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                          ODOMETER  7926, KM(  4925. MILES)
                                                                                          NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION  FACTOR  1,02

-------
TEST NO,   3A1N15   RUN   4
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L--4
TRANSMISSION «5
 BAROMETER 739.14 MM HG(29.10 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER BIF P MM, II20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P ; •  NOX CONCENTRATION  PPM
J   HC  MAGS GRAMS
    CO ' MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFC,  UET  (DRY)
       '   SCF*  WET  (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER*
    BAROMETER*           MM IIG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE*        BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

   . HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM .
    •CARBON MONOXIDE,    G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROGEN*  G/KM
NYCC   VntllCLE irMISSIOMO RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.3A
     DATE    7/ A/01
     BAD CART NO,  1
     DYNO NO,       2
     CVS NO,   ;5

     DRY BULD TF.MP. 24.4 DEG C(76,0 DEO F)
     ADS, HUMIDITY 11.0 GM/KG

        NYCC

    701.0 (27.6>
    571.5 (22.5)
     34.4 (  94.0)
       16420.
    160.4 (  5663.)
    17.1/11/  17.
     4,6/ I/   5,
    22.6/13/  21.
     1.5/13/   1.
    20.4/ 3/  ,33
     3,5/ 3/  ,05
    11,2/ 2/  11.
      .5/ 2/   i.
        40.34
         13.
         19,
         .28
        10.7
         1.14
         3.51
        010..8
         3.31
          .45
      .  599.
     ,975 <  ,95fi)
    1,000 (  .979)
       160.4
       33. C6
        1.94

      3A1N15
       739.1  •"
        11.0
        24,4
        410.4
       16.08

         .60
        1,81
        1.71
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361. K0< 3000, LB3)
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)
                                                                                              DIEGEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  7942, KM( 4935. MILCS)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.01

-------
 TFST NO.   3A1S1&  RUN   4
 VEHICLE: MODEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION MS
BAROMETER 739.39 MM HC(29.11 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  53. PCT
BAC RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   PLOUCR DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  TEMP.  DEG,  C(DEG.
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOU  STD.  CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC   BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  BCKGRIi  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
"   C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
M   NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
00    HC   MASS GRAMS
     CO   MASS GRAMS
     C02 MASS GRAMS
     NOX MASS GRAMS
     PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
     RUN TIME             SECONDS
          DFC, UET  (DRY)
          SCF, UET  (DRY)
          VOL 
-------
 SUMMARY OF  REGULATED EMISSIONS FROM FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
        RESEARCH VEHICLE, EM-469-F FUEL, NO CATALYST
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NO , g/mi
Part., g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
3A2F20
3-b FTP
7/9
I
0.51
1.58
2.00
0.30
23.3
3A2F24
3-b FTP
7/10
2
0.50
1.59
2.06
0.35
22.7
3A2F28
3-b FTP
7/13
3
0.42
1.58
2.01
— a
23.1
3A2H21
HFET
7/9
1
0.11
0.50
1.27
0.13
37.5
3A2H25
HFET
7/10
2
0.13
0.51
1.27
0.13
35.9
3A2H29
HFET
7/13
3
0.11
0.48
1.30
— a
37,5
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
N0x, g/mi
Part, g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
3A2N22
NYCC
7/9
1
1.29
3.64
2.82
0.49
14.4
3A2N26
NYCC
7/10
2
1.26
3.51
2.70
0.55
14.9
3A2N30
NYCC
7/13
3
1.24
3.27
2.70
— a
14.8
3A2S23
85 kph
7/9
, 1
0.10
0.40
1.21
0.11
38.0
3A2S27
85 kph
7/10
2
0.10
0.47
1.16
0.11
37.0
3A2S31
85 kph
7/13
3
0.10
0.42
1.29
— a
37.6
particulate not sampled
                             E-19

-------
                                                FTP
  TEST NO.    3A2F20
  VEHICLE MODEL
                     RUN   1
                    TC FIAT
 BAROMETER  746,51  MM HD(29.39  IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY 55,  PCT
 BAG  RESULTS
   DAG  NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION
    BLOWER  DIP  P  Mil. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  TEMP, DEG, C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOW STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PFM
    HC   BCKGR-:1  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE  METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD  METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC.  CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
    C02  CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX  CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC   MASC GRAMS
    CO •  MASS GRAMS
    C02  MASS GRAMS
    NOX  MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
M

10
O
    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO-  GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAKS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF» DRY
         DFC» UET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION 4./100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        3A2F20
    BAROMETER    MM H&  746.5
    HUMIDITY     G/KG    10,8
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   24,4
VEHICLE NO. 3 A
DATE 7/ 7/01
BAG CART NO, 1 /
DYNO NO, 2
DRY BULB TEMP, 24
ACS, HUMIDITY 10,
1
COLD TRANSIENT
698.5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
37.2 ( 99.0)
13845.
136,3 ( 4812.)
36.4/11/ 36.
6.6/ I/ 7,
47.9/13/ 45,
5.9/13/ 5,
40, 4/ 3/ .69
3,2/ 3/ ,05
28, O/ 2/ 20.
>2t 2t 0,
19.33
30.
39.
.64
27.8
2.37
6,14
1593,7
7,20
1.57
.41
1.07
277.1 '
1.27
10,40
505,
5.75 ;
,976
.959 (
1.000 (







CVG NO. 3

.4 DEG C(76.0 DEG
8 GM/KG
2
STABILIZED
701.0 (27,6)
571,5 (22,5)
37,8 (100,0)
23810,
234,2 ( 8270.)
21,6/H/ 22,
5,8/ I/ 6,
33.5/13/ 31,
5.3/13/ 5,
27,9' 3/ ,46
2.9/ 3/ ,04
18. 8/ 2/ 19,
,4/ 2/ 0,
28,91
16.
26,
,42
18,4
2.15
6,97
1782,2
8,28
1,04
,35
1.12
286.7
1.33
10.75
868.
6.22
.978
,942)
,977)
370,5
79.05
11.97
10,58

CARBON
TEST WEIGHT 1361
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL EM-469-
ODQMETER 8048. K
F)
. KG( 3000. LBS)
0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
p
M< 5001. MILES)

NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR 1,00
3
HOT TRANSIENT
701,0 (27.6)
571,5 (22,5)
37,2 ( 99,0)
13846,
136.3 ( 4812.)
19.3/11/ 19.
4.9/ I/ 5.
30.4/17/ 28.
4.0/13/ 4,
35, I/ 3/ ,59
3,6/ 3/ .06
23. 5/ 2/ 24.
,2/ 2/ 0.
22,63
15.
24,
.53
23,3
1.15
3,77
1334,2
6,10
,87
,20
.66
232.1
1.06
8,68
505.
5,75
,977
.962 (
1,000 (.





DIOXIDE GA'M
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KH
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KH
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
690.5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
37,2 ( 99.0)
23806.
234.3 ( 8273.)
19.2/11/ 19.
4.9/ I/ 5,
30.0/13/ 20,
3.6/13/ 3,
27, 5/ 3/ .45
3.5/ 3/ .05
18, 7/ 2/ 19,
,4/ 2/ 0.
29,39
14,
24,
,40
18,3
1,95
6,48
1714.0
8,24
.96
.31
1.04
276.3
1.33
10.36
868.
6,20
.978
.945)
.977)
370,6
78.96
11.95
9.55
3-BAG (4-BAG)
269,8 ( 266.7)
10.11 ( 9,99)
,32 ( .31)
,98 ( ,96)
1.24 ( 1,24)
.185 ( ,101)

-------
 TEST NO.   3A2H21   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0 LC122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION H5
BAROMETER 746,25 MM HG(29.38 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOWER DIP P MM, M20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, -H20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP, BEG, CCBEG.
   BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAfiPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   CO  ttCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGKD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAHS
   PARTICIPATE  MARS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONBS
         DFC» «ET  (BRY)
         SCF. WET  (BRY)
         VOL  
-------
w
to
to
  TEST NO,   3MN22   RUN   1
  VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
  ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 746.00 MM HG(29.37 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52, PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P MM. H20CIN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM, H2Q
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METFR/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE MEfER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  'MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   MX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS-
      ' BFC, WET  (DRY)   '
        SCF, WET  (DRY)
        VOL (GCM)
        SAM BLR (SCM)
        KM  (MEASURED)
     TEST NUMBER,
     BAROMETERt           MM HG
     HUMIDITY,            G/KG
     TEMPERATURE,         BEG C
      CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KH
     FUEL CONSUrtPTIGN,    L/100KM

     HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
     CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
     OXIBES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE  NO.3A
     DATE    7/ 9/01
     BAG CART Nl).   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    J

     DRY BULB TEMP, 24,4 DEG C<76,0  BEG F)
     ABS,  HUMIDITY  10.1  CM/KG

        NYCC

    706,1  (27.0)
    574,0 (22,6>
     35,0 I 95,0)
       16423,
    161,7 ( 5700.)
    20,5/1I/   21,
     4,7/ I/    fi,
    27.1/13/   25,
     2.2/13/    I!,
    20,1/ Z/   ,:»2
     3,4/ 3/   ,05
    10,9/ 2/   11.
      ,2/ 2/    0,
        40,00
         16,
         22,
         ,27
        10,7
         1.48
         4,21
        004.6
         3,25
          ,57
        599.
     .976 (  ,959.)
    1,000 (  ,900)
       161,7
       34,20
        1.86

      3A2N22    •'
       746.0
        10.1
        24.4
        433,7
       16.33

         ,<30
        2.26
        1,75
                                                                                             TEST  WEIGHT   1361. KC(
                                                                                             ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD   8.2
                                                                                             DIESEL     EM-469-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  0003, KM(  5024
3000. LDS)
KU( 11.0 IIP)
   MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .98

-------
TEST NO.   3A2S23   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2,0 LU22, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 746,00 MM HG<29.37 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  50,  PC'/
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLODER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEG. C(DEG, F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NQX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
,d   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
j   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
J   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS CRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, WET (DRY)
         PCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    DAROMETERr           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
85 KPH VEHICLE CHI S3 IONS RESULTS
        PRO-fCT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO, 3 A
     DATE    7/ 9/01
     BAD CART NO,  1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO,    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25,6 DEG C(7B,0  DEO F)
     ADS, HUMIDITY 10,4  CM/KG

        85 K

    706.1 (27.0)
    576,6 (22,7)
     30,9 (102,0)
       32905.
    321. 5 (11352.)
    12,0/H/  13,
     4,5/ I/   5,
    22.7/13/  21.
              .04
              ,05
              35.
               0.
                                                                                             TEST HEIGHT  1361. KG< 3000. LDS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KM( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM 467-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  OOD7. KM( 5025. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    ,99
                                                    48, O/ 3/
                                                     3,0/ 3/
                                                    35, 2/ 21
                                                      ,2/ 2/
                                                        15,01
                                                          9.
                                                         19,
                                                         .80
                                                        35,0
                                                         1.59
                                                         7,22
                                                       4715.1
                                                        21,29
                                                         2.08
                                                       1200.
                                                     .937 ( .921!)
                                                    1.000 ( .976)
                                                       321.5
                                                       68.45
                                                       20,37

                                                      3A2S21
                                                       746,0
                                                        10,4
                                                        25. 4
                                                        166,2
                                                        6,19

                                                         ,06
                                                         .25
                                                         .75

-------
                                                FTP
 TEST NO.   3A2F24   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION H5

BAROMETER 745.74 MM HG(29.3& IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  60. PCT
BAB RESULTS
   HAG NUMBER
   DESCRIPTION

   BLOWER DIP i  MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOUER INLET P MM.  H2CKIN. H20)
   SLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG. C
   ELOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW GTD. CU. METREG(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  KCKGRD METER/RANCE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPH
   CO  DCXGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCI
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MAGS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

   HC  GRAMS/KM
   CO  GRAMS/KM
   C02 GRAMS/KM
   NOX GRAMS/KM
   FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CD L/100KM
n
ro
                        SECONDS
                        KM
     RUN TIME
     MEASURED DISTANCE
     SCFf DRY
          DFCr UET (DRY)
          SCF» UET (DRY)
          VOL (SCM)
          SAM BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER        3A2F24
     BAROMETER    MM HG  745.7
     HUMIDITY     G/KG    12,1
     TEMPERATURE  DEG C   25.0
                                                      VEHICLE N0.3A
                                                      DATE    7/10/81
                                                      BAG CART NO. 1 / CV;
                                                      DYN3 NO.      1
                                        TEST WEIGHT  1361,
                                        ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
                   KG(  3000.  LDS)
                   8.2  KU<  11.0 HP)
                     NO.   3


PRY BULB TEMP.  25.0 DEO C(77.0 DEO  F)
ABS. HUMIDITY 12.1 CM/KG
ODOMETER  0121. KM(  5046.  MILES)


NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.05
1
IOLD TRANSIENT
698.5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
37.0 (100.0)
13052.
135.8 < 4794.)
35.4/11/ 35,
8.5/ I/ 9.
48.8/13/ 46.
6.5/13/ 6.
40. 9/ 3/ .69
3.6/ 3/ .06
28. O/ 2/ 28,
.6/ 2/ 1.
19.00
27.
39.
.64
27,4
2.14
6.17
1596.4
7,46
1,05
.37
1,07
276,2
1,29
10,36
505.
5.78
,974
,950 (
1,000 (






2
STABILIZED
701.0 (27.6)
574,0 (22.6)
37,8 (100.0)
23815.
233.4 ( 8241.)
22.1/11/ 22.
6.2/ I/ 6,
34.1/13/ 31,
5.8/13/ 5.
29. I/ 3/ .4C
3.3/ 3/ .05
10, B/ 2/ 19,
,6/ 2/ 1.
27.63
16,
26,
,43
18,2
2.17
6,97
1041,4
0,52
1.68
.35
1.13
297.9
1.38
11.17
868.
6,18
,976
,939)
,976)
369,2
78.57
11.96
10.70

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
698,5 (27,5)
571,5 (22,5)
37.2 ( 99.0)
13849.
135.8 ( 4796.)
20.6/11/ 21.
6.2/ I/ 6,
31.6/13/ 29,
4.7/13/ 4.
36. I/ 3/ .61
3.5/ 3/ tt05
23. 6/ 2/ 24,,
,4/ 2/ 0.
21,94
15.
24.
,55
23.2
1.15
3,83
1379.2
6,31
,87
.20
.66
238.1
1,09
8,90
505.
5.79
.975
.961 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (THC) G/KM


CARB3N
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
701.0 (27.6)
574.0 (22.6)
37.8 (100.0)
23807,
233.3 ( 8237.)
19,7/H/ 20,
5.5/ I/ 6.
31.5/13/ 29.
4.0/13/ 4,
20, 3/ 3/ .47
3.6/ 3/ .06
17, 8/ 2/ 18,
,5/ 2/ I.
28.49
14.
25.
:41
17.3
1.94
6.73
1760.7
8,09
1,05
.31
1.08
283.1
1.30
10.61
868.
6.22
.976
.943)
,976)
369.1
78.53
12,01
9.79
3-BAG (4 -BAG)
276.9 ( 272,6)
10,38 ( 10.21)
.31 ( .30)
.99 ( .97)
1.28 ( 1,26)
.219 ( ,189)

-------
 TEST NO.   3A2H25   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5


 BAROMETER 745.49 MM HG(29.35 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56, PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TESf CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP, BEG. C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB, CU, KETRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
  •  HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
?    CO  CONCENTRATION PPH
    C02' CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS'
         DFCf UET (DRY)
         SCFr UET (DRY)
         VOL 
-------
TEST NO.   3A2N26   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. DID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 745.47 MM HG(27.35 IN KG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  55. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20
    BLOUER INLET TEMP,  DEG, C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB, CU. METREG(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPH
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKCRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
„   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
i    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
£   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, UET (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL (BCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KH
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
NVCC   VEHICLE OMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/10/01
     DAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 23.9  DEO C(75.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 10.4 CM/KG

        NYCC

    690.5 (27,5)
    571,5 (22,5)
     35,0 (  95,0)
       16437.
    161,5 <  5702.)
    20,7/H/  21,
     4.9/ I/   S.
    27.6/13/  25,
     2.0/13/   3.
    20.5/ 3/  .33
     3,9/ 3/  .06
    11,07 2/  11,
      ,5/ 2/   1.
        40,04
         16,
         22,
         ,27
        10.5
         1.49
         4.19
        003,5
         3,21
          ,66
        599.
     ,975 (  .950)
    1.000 (  .979)
       161,5
       34.24
        1,92

      3A2N26
       745.5
        10.4
        23,9
        419,1
       15,78

         ,7S
        2.10
        1.60
                                                                                             TEST HEIGHT  1361.  KQ(  3000.  LfcS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KU<  11,0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-4A9-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  0159. KM( 5070,  MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
TEST NO.   3A2S27   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE ?.0 LC122, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 745.49 MM HO(29.35 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  56, PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP,  DEG. C(DEG.  F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/FPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/FCT
    NOX SAMPLE METEP/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
*   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
j   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
J   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MAGS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFCr UET (DRY)
         SCF* UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM ELR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER*
    BAROMETER*           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE?      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
05 KPH VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/10/01
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO,       2
     CVS NO,   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25,0 DEO C(77,0  DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 11,3 GM/KG

        85 K

    706,1 (27.0)
    579.1 (22,0)
     37.0 (100.0)
       32903.
    322,0 (11369.)
    13,3/H/  13,
     4,9/ I/   5,
    27.0/13/  25.
     2.6/13/   2.
    50,4/ 3/  ,07
     3,0/ 3/  .06
    33,3/ ?./  33,
      ,7/ 2/   1,
        15,25
          9,
         22.
         ,02
        32,6
         1.63
         8.14
       4036,0
        20,53 .
         1,94
       1200,
     ,934.( ,910)
    1,000 ( ,974)
       322,0
       60,44
       20,38

      3A2S27
       745,5
        11.3
        25.0
        170.4
        6.35

         .06
         ,29
         ,72
                                                                                             TEST UEIGHT  1361. KG(  3000.  LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  0161. KM( 5071.  MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.02

-------
  TEST NO.    3A2F28   RUN   3
  VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
  ENGINE 2.0  L(122,  JID)  L-4
  TRANSMISSION M5

  BAROMETER 742.19 MM  HG(29.22 IN HO)
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  46.  PCT
  BAG  RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOUER DIF P MM,  H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P  MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP. PEC.  C(DEG. F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW CTD. CU,  METRES(SCF)
    MC   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC   KCKGRD METER/RMGE/PPM
    CO   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO   BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION PPM•
    CO   CONCENTRATION PPM
«?  C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
NJ-  NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
03  HC   MASS CRAMS
    'CO   MASS CRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS

    HC   GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM •

    RUN TIME            SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE   KM
    SCFi DRY
         DFCr UET  (DRY)
         SCFi UET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (3CM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION  L/100KM

 COMPOSITE  RESULTS
     TEST NUMBER         3A2F28
    BAROMETER    MM HG  742.2
    HUMIDITY    G/KG     9,3
     TEMPERATURE   DEG C  .25.0
FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.3A
     DATE    7/13/01
     BAG CART NO. 1 /  CVS NO,  3
     DYNO NO.     2

     DRY BULB TEHP. 25,0 DEC C(77.0 DEG F)
     ABS. HUMIDJTY  9,3 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
DIESEL    EM-469-F
ODOMETER  0191. KM< 5090. MILES)
KG( 3000. LBS)
8.2 KU< 11.0 HP)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .95
1
IOLD TRANSIENT
698,5 (27.5)
543.9 (22,2)
37,2 ( 99,0)
13049,
135,1 < 4770.)
30.2/U/ 30.
4,4/ I/ 4.
45.7/13/ 43,
1.5/13/ 1,
40, 4/ 3/ .69
3,2/ 3/ ,05
28, 6/ 2/ 29.
,7/ 2/ 1,
19,35
26,
40.
,64
27.9
2,03
6,35
1579.8
6.89
,36
' 1,11
276.5
1,21
10.37
505.
5,71
.979
,959
1.000






2
STABILIZED
698.5 (27.5)
566.4 (22.3)
37,2 ( 99.0)
23025.
232,4 ( 0205.)
17, 8/11/ 10.
6.6/ I/ 7,
30.3/13/ 28.
2.4/13/ 2,
28, 4/ 3/ .47
2,9/ j/ ,04
20,17 2/ 20,
,5/ 2/ 1.
28,40
11,
25,
,42
19,6
1,54
6,80
1805,6
8.32
,25
1,10
292.9
1.35
10.97
860,
6.17
,981
( ,945)
( .900)
367,5
78,26
11,88
10.68

CARBON
3
MOT TRANSIENT
703.6 (27.7)
571,5 (22.5)
37,8 (100,0)
13854.
135,0 ( 4765, >
20,9/U/ 21.
6,6/ I/ 7,
28.8/13/ 26,
3.4/13/ 3,
34, 5/ 3/ .58
3.0/ 3/ ,05
26, 7/ 2/ 27,
1.4/ 2/ 1,
23,05
15.
23,
,53
25,4
1,13
3,59
1316,3
6.25
,20
,63
230,6
1,10
0.62
505,
5.71
.980
,942 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (TUC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
4
STABILIZED
703.6 (27.7)
571.5 (22.5)
35.6 ( 96.0)
23810.
232,6 ( 8214.)
21.1/11/ 21,
8,7/ I/ 9.
28.9/13/ 27.
3.0/13/ 3,
27, 9/ 3/ .46
2,9/ 3/. ,04
20, O/ 2/ 20,
1,6/ 2/ 2,
20.93
13,
23,
,42
18,5
1.71
6.32
1770,0
7.84
.28
1,03
287,4
1.27
10.77
868,
6.16
,981
.948)
.981)
367.6
78,24
11.86
9,74
3-BAG (4-BAG)
272,4 ( 270. B)
10.20 ( 10.14)
,26 ( ,27)
,98 ( ,95)
i,25 ( 1.23)

-------
TEST NO.   3A2H29   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 741.60 MM 110(29.20 IN MG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  46. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INL.!.; P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. BEG. C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPH
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PFM
   CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
       MASS GRAMS
            CRAMS
NJ
VO
    HC
    CO  MASS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC, WET (DRY)
         SCFf WET (DRY)
         MOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KH
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KH
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
                                                 HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                         PROJECT 05-4874-001

                                                      VEHICLE NO. 3 A
                                                      DATE    7/13/81
                                                      BAG CART NO.   1
                                                      DYNO NO.      2
                                                      CVS NO.   3
 DRY BULB TEMP.
 ADS. HUMIDITY

    HFET

690,5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
 37.8 (100.0)
   21000.
204.3 ( 7214.)
18.7/11/  19.
 9.0/ I/   9,
25. 0/1 3/  23.
 1.9/13/   2.
45. 2/ 3/  .78
 3.2/ 3/  .05
35. 7/ 2/  36.
 l.O/ 21   1.
    17.19
     10.
     21.
     .73
    34.8
     1.20
     4.90
   2727.5
    13.16
    766.
 .942 ( .928)
1.000 ( ,978)
   204.3
   43.42
   16.21

  3A2H29
   741.7
     9,7
    25.6
    168,2
    6,27

     .07
     .30
     .81
                                                                     25.6 DUG C(78.0  DEG  F)
                                                                     9.7 GM/KG
                                         TEST  UEIGHT  1361. K6( 3000. LBS)
                                         ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD   8.2 KU(  11.0 HP)
                                         DIESEL     EM-469-F
                                         ODOMETER   8222. KM(  5109, MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .97

-------
TEST NO.   3A2N30   RUN   3
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 741.60 MM HO(29.20 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  43. PCT
BAB RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, II20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C
o
    HC
    CO
    CO.
    CCP
   TEST  NUMBER,
   BAROMETER,           MM HG
   HUMIDITY.            G/KG
   TEMPERATURE,         LEG C
    CARBON  DIOXIDE,      G/KM
   FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

   HYDROCARBONS»        G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
   OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
NVCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.3A
     DATE    7/13/01
     DAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.6  DEG  C(78.0 DEO F)
     ABS.  HUMIDITY  9.0 GM/KG

        NYCC

    708.7 
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KU( 11.0 UP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-469--F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  0237. KM( 5118. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX  HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .95
 9.
22.
 1.
.32
.04
12.
 ii
    24.4/13/
     1.4/13/
    19.7/ 3/
     2.9/ 3/
    12.O/ 2/
     l.l/ 2/
        41.72
         16.
         21.
         .27
        10.9
         1.45
         3.85
        802.1
         3.18
        599.
     .976 (  .962)
    1.000 (  ,983)
       160.3
       33,97
        1,89

      3A2N30
       741.7
         9,0
        25,6
        423,4
       15,93

         .77
        2.03
        1,60

-------
 TEST NO,   JA2S31   RUN   3
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L022. CID) L- 4
 TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 741,43 MH HG(29,19 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY
 PAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE
                     PCT
7
u>
 BLOWER DIP P MM. H20CIN, H20)
 BLOUER INLET P MM,  H20(IN.  H20)
 DLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEC. C(DEG. F)
 BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
 TOT FLOU STD. CU. HETRES
-------
        APPENDIX F

       TEST RESULTS,
 FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
    WITH CATALYTIC TRAP
FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
SUMMARY OF  REGULATED EMISSIONS FROM FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
       RESEARCH VEHICLE WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP,
                      EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
HOX, g/mi
Part. , g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
3B1F01
3-b FTP
9/17
1
0.13
0.43
1.88
0.10
23.5
3B1F05
3-b FTP
9/18
2
0.11
0.43
1.85
0.09
23.2
3B1H02
HFET
9/17
1
0.02
0.08
1.16
0.05
37.6
3B1H06
HE*ET
9/18
2
0.03
0.08
1.14
0.06
38.1
3B1N03
NYCC
9/17
1
0.19
0.66
2.53
0.16
14.5
3B1N07
NYCC
9/18
2
0.19
0.61
2.72
0.13
14.8
3B1S04
85 kph
9/17
1
0.00
0.05
1.14
0.05
38.4
3B1S08
85 kph
9/18
2
0.00
0.05
1.21
0.06
38.1
                              F-2

-------
 TEST NO.   JBlfOjl   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
 ENGINE 2,0 LU22. CJD) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 743.20 MM HG(29.26 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  36. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20UN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP,  DEG, C(DEC,  F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD, CU.  METRES(GCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RAHGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
„   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
7   Cq  'CONCENTRATION PPM
v   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   • HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    co2 GRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/.100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCFf DRY
         DfCr WET (DRY)
         :SGF» UET (DRY)
         VDL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        3B1F01
    BAROMETER    MM HG  743,2
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     7.3
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   25,0
FTP    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT O5-4O74-OO1

     VEHICLE NO.3D
     DATE    9/17/01
     BAG CART NO. 1 / CVS NO.  3
     OYNO NO,      2

     DRY BULB TEMP, 25,0 DEG C(77.0 DEG F)
     ADS. HUMIDITY  7.3 GM/KO
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG!  3000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KU<  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  0497. KM( 5200. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .90
1
IOLD TRANSIENT
708.7 (27.9)
581,7 (22,9)

136,1 ( 4806.)
15,7/U/ 16,
3;6/ 1 4,
22.5/13/ 21,
,5/K'V 0,
39, 1/ :/ ,66
3,5/ 3,' ,05
29, O/ 2/ 29,
,3/ 2/ 1.
20.16
12,
20.
.61
20.5
,95
3.11
1520.1
6,67
,47
.17
.54
264.3

10*10
505.
5.75
,982
.960 (
1,000 (






2
STABILIZED
711.2 (20.0)
504,2 (23.0)
3423005?<'0)
234,0 ( 0261,)
6,5/H/ 7,
3,9/ I/ 4,
6.2/13/ 6.
,6/13/ 1.
27, 6/ 3/ .45
3.2/ 3/ ,05
19, O/ 2/ 20,
,3/ 2/ 0,
29.49
3.
5.
.41
19.5
,37
1,35
1738,1
7,04
.37
.06
.22
282,6
1.27
10.76
868.
6.15
.984
,949)
.903)
370.1
78.98
11.90
10,44

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
708.7 (27,9)
581,7 (22,9)
36.1 ( 97,0)
13061.
135,9 ( 4797.)
6.6/11/ 7.
3.6/ I/ 4.
B.3/13/ 7,
2.3/13/ 2.
33, 7/ 3/ .56
3,2/ 3/ ,05
24, 3/ 2/ 24.
,3/ 2/ 0,
23,78
3,
5,
.52
24,0
.25
.85
1281.5
5.60
.29
.04
.15
222.5
.97
8., 47
505.
5.76
.9C3
.964 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (TKC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
700,7 (27.9)
581.7 (22,9)
34237^9?7<0>
233.3 ( 8237.)
5.8/11/ 
-------
TEST NO.   3R1.H02   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L022. CID> L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 750.06 MM H0(29.53 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  30. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN, H20)
    DLOUER INLET TEMP, BEG. C(DEG, F)
    nLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FIOU STB. CU. METRESAG CART N'O.   1
                                                  DYNO NO.      2
                                                  CVS NO,    3
                                                     DRY BULB TEMP,
                                                     AP.S. HUMIDITY

                                                        HFET

                                                    706,1 (27,0)
                                                    579,1 (22.8)
                                                     37,8 (100,0)
                                                       21009.
                                                    207,5 ( 7325.)
                                                                 25.6  DEO  C(7Q,0  DE6 F)
                                                                 6.3 GM/KG
                                       TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG I 3000. LBS)
                                       ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2 KUC 11.0 HP)
                                       DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                       ODOMETER  0521. KM( 5295. MILES)
                                        NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .87
                                                               5,
                                                               4.
                                                               5.
                                                               1.
                                                              ,75
                                                              ,05
                                                              34,
                                                               0.
                                                  5.3/11/
                                                  3,5/  I/
                                                  5.3/13/
                                                  1.3/13/
                                                 43,O/  3/
                                                  3,0/  3/
                                                 34,O/  2/
                                                   ,2/  2/
                                                     17.87
                                                       2,
                                                       4,
                                                      .71
                                                     33,0
     ,86
  2679,7
   11,71
     ,54
   766,
.944 <  .935)
.000 (  .983)
  207.5
  44,61
  16,31

 3B1H02
  750.1
    6,3
   25.6
   164,3
   6,25


    •°J-

    ',72

-------
TEST NO.   3B1N03   RUN   1
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LC122, CIB) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 749.55 MM HG(29.51 JN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  30.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER D1F P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H20UN.  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP.  BEG. C(DEG.  F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
„   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
 i   CO  -CONCENTRATION PPM
^   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   .NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX hASS GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE MASS GRAMS
   . RUN TIME         '.    SECONDS
         BFC. WET (DRY)   '  .
         SCF. WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM>
         KM   (MEASURED)
   TEST NUMBER.
   BAROMETER.

   MfflffiRE,
    CARBON DIOXIDE.
   FUEL CONSUMPTION.
                         MM HG


                          G/KM
                         L/100KM
   HYDROCARBONS.     '   G/KM
   CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
   OXIDES BF NITROGEN.  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE NO.3D
     DATE    9/17/81
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.   3

     DRY BULD TEMP. 25.0 DEO CC77.0  DEO F)
     ABS. HUMIDITY 5.9 CM/KG

        NYCC

    711.2 (20.0)
    584.2 (23.0)
     35.0 (  95.0)
       16497.
    163.3 (  5767.)
     5.9/11/   t>,
     3.6/ I/   4.
     5.5/13/   5.
      .9/13/   1.
    19.5/ 3/  .31
     2.8/ 3/  .04
    11.4/ 2/  11.
      ,3/ 2/   0.
        42.64
          2.
          4.
         .27
        11.1
          .23
          ,78
        811.4
         3.00
          .19
        601.
     .977 (  .967)
    1.000 (  .988)
       163.3
       34.80
        1.91

      3B1N03
       749.6
        425.1
       16.20

         .12
         .41
        1.57
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1361. K0( 3000.  LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KM< 11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  6536. KM( 5304. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .86

-------
                                                USKPH
                                                        VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                        PROJECT 05-4874--001
TEST NO.   3£>;S04
VEHICLE MODEL
ENGINE 2.0 L(122.
TRANSMISSION H5
                     RUtt   1
                    TC FIAT U-CAT
                   CID) L-4
BAROMETER 749.30 MM HG(29.50 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  33. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER DIP P MM, H20UN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H?0)
   BLOUER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEli. F)
   PLOUER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  BCKGRD hETER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 CAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX BCKGRD METER/RANCE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASS GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC. WET  (DRY)
         SCFi WET  (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
cr>
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER/
    BAROMETERi            MM HG
    HUMIDITY,             G/KG
    TEMPERATURE»          DEG C
    CARBON DIOXIIiEf       G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.     L/100KM

    JIYBROCARBOMSr         G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIBE.      G/KM
    OXIDES OF  NITROCENr   G/KM
 VEHICLE N0.3B
 DATE    9/17/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEO C<77.0 DEO F)
 ADS. HUMIDITY  6.5 CM/KG

    B5KP

700,7 (27,9)
581.7 (22.9)
 38,3 (101,0)
   32965,
324,9 (11472.)
TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LDS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.C HP)
DIESEL    EH-329-F
ODOMETER  0530. KM( 5305. MILES)
                                                                                             NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .03
                                                               4,
                                                               4.
                                                               5,
                                                               3,
                                                               ,01
                                                               ,04
                                                               30,
                                                               0,
 4.1/11/
 3,8/ I/
 5,<5/13/
 2.9/13/
47.O/ 3/
 2.0/ 3/
37.5/ 2/
  ,3/ 2/
    16,53
      0,
      2,
     .77
    37.2
      ,09
      .94
   4576.2
    20.33
      .95
   1201.
 .940 ( .930)
1.000 ( .902)
   324.9
   69.90
   20,45

  31 S04
   749.3
     6.5
    25.0
    160,9
    6.12

     .00
     .03
     .71

-------
FTP
       VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001
 TEST NO.   3B1F05   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
 ENGINE 2.0 L(122.  CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 BAROMETER 753.07 MM HG(29.6B IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY   38. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOWER DIF P MM.  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOUER INLET P  MM.  H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEG,  C(DEG. F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. HETRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANOE/f'CT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
rq   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
 i   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
-1   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS

    HC  GRAMS/KM
    CO  GRAMS/KM
    C02 CRAMS/KM
    NOX GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB L/100KM

    RUN TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED DISTANCE    KM
    SCF> DRY
         DFCf MET (DRY)
         SCF» UET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
         FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        3B1F05
    BAROMETER    MM HG  753.9
    HUMIDITY     G/KG     7,3
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C   24.4
     VEHICLE NO. 3D
     DATE    9/10/01
     BAG CART NO.  1 /
     DYNO NO.     2
CVS NO.  3
     DRY BULD TCMP.  24.4 DEG C(76,0  TEG F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY  7.3 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LBS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   0.2  KU(  11.0 HP)
DIESEL    EM-329-F
ODOMETER  0571. KM( 5326. MILCS)
                       NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .90
1
;OLD TRANSIENT
708.7 (27.9)
501.7 (22.9)
35,0 < 95,0)
13063,
138.0 ( 4872.)
13.7/11/ 14,
4.4/ I/ 4,
28.0/13/ 26,
7.6/13/ 7.
38. 7/ 3/ ,65
3,2/ 3/ ,05
27. 6/ 2/ 20.
,5/ 2/ 1,
20,38
10.
19,
,61
27.1
.76
3.11
1533,6
6,44
,45
,13
.54
'266.9
1.12
10.19
505,
5,74
.982
.961 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
. 711.2 (20.0)
504,2 (23,0)
35,0 ( 95,0)
23026.
237.1 ( 0372,)
6,3/H/ 6,
3,6/ I/ 4,
11.4/13/ 10,
6.0/13/ 5,
27, I/ 3/ ,44
2,7/ 3/ ,04
19, I/ 2/ 19,
,5/ 2/ 1.
30.05
3.
5.
,40
18,6
,30
1,36
1755.6
7.60
.35
.06
.22
285.5
1.24
10.07
860.
6.15
,904
.949)
.983)
375.1
79.77
11,89
10,55

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
711,2 (28.0)
584.2 (23.0)
36.1 ( 97.0)
13851,
137.6 ( 4058.)
6.7/11/ 7.
3.4/ I/ 3.
9.7/13/ 9.
3.2/13/ 3.
34. 3/ 3/ .57
3.4/ 3/ ,05
24, 9/ 2/ 25.
,7/ 2/ 1.
23,32
3.
6,
,52
24.2
,28
.93
1317.7
5,74
.29
,05
.16
229,7
1,00
0.75
505.
5.74
,902
.963 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM
HYDROCARBONS (TKC) G/KM


CARBON
OXIDES
MONOXIDE G/KM
OF NITROGEN G/KM
PARTICULATES G/KM
4
STABILIZED
708.7 (27,9)
501.7 <22.9)
36.7 ( 98.0)
23808.
236.4 ( 8346.)
6,1/H/ A,
3,4/ I/ 3,
7.6/13/ 7,
2.6/13/ 2,
26. 9/ 3/ .44
3.3/ 3/ .05
10. 7/ 2/ 19.
.7/ 2/ 1.
30,31
3,
4,
,39
18,0
,38
1,23
1696.0
7,33
.31
,06
.20
274.0
1.18
10.43
868.
6.19
,984
.952)
,983)
373.9
79.67
11.93
9.62
3 -BAG (4-BAG)
266,3 ( 263.0)
10.15 ( 10.02)
,07 ( ,07)
,27 ( .27)
1.15 ( 1,13)
,059 ( .057)

-------
TEST NO.   3D1H06   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22, CID) L~4
TRANSMISSION H5
BAROMETER 753.07 MM HG(29.68 IN HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  36. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOWER Dlf P MM. H20
-------
TEST NO.   3D1H07   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122, CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 753.07 MM HC(29.68 IN HO
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  40. PCT
DAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE
   BLOUER DIP P MM; H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MH. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEHP. DEO. C(DEG. F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STB. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   EO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   CO  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
   C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
   NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   NOX DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
   DILUTION FACTOR
   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
   HC  MASS GRAMS
   CO  MASS GRAMS
   C02 MASG GRAMS
   NOX MASS GRAMS
   PARTICIPATE  MASS CRAMS
   RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC. UtT (DRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)
vo
    TEST  NUMBER*
    DAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/K6
    TEMPERATURE>         DEC C
     CARDON  DIOXIDEf      G/KM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4874-001

     VEHICLE N0.3B
     DATE    7/10/01
     HAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY DULD TEMP. 23.9 DEC  C(75.0 DEG F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY  0,9 CM/KG

        NYCC

    711.2 (20.0)
    584.2 (23.0)
     33.3 (  92.0)
       16405.
    164.3 (  5001.)
     5.6/11/   6.
     3.2/ I/   3,
     5.4/13/   5.
     1.1/13/   1.
    19.6/ 3/  ,31
     3.I/ 3/  .05
    11.5/ 2/  12,
      ,5/ 2/   1.
        42.42
          2.
          4.
         .27
        11.0
          ,23
          ,73
        807.7
         3.26
          .16
        598.
     ,976 (  .961)
    1,000 (  .902)
       164.3
       35.18
        1.93

      3D1N07
       753,9
         8.9
        23.9
        417.4
       15,90

         .12
         ,38
        1.69
                                                                                              TEST HEIGHT
                                                                                              ACTUAL ROAD LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL    EM-329-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  0610. KM(
KC( 3000. LBS)
0.2 KU( 11.0 HP)

 5350. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR    .94

-------
TEST NO.   3B1508   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION H5
 BAROMETER 753.36 MM HG(29.&6 IN HO)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  38.  PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOWER DIF P MM. H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM,  H20(IN,  H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP,  DEC, C(DEG,  F)
    BLQUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METEC./RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
m   HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
 i   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
o   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
    NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MAGS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC, UET (DRY)
         SCF, UET (DRY)
         VOL  (GCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
05 KF'H VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-4074-001

     VEHICLE N0.3B
     DATE    9/1Q/01
     BAG CART NO,   1
     DYNO NO.       2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULD TEMP. 24,4 PFG  C(76,0  DEO F)
     ABS,  HUMIDITY 7.4  CM/KG

        85 K

    700,7 (27,9)
    501,7 (22,9)
     37,8 (100,0)
       32925,
    327,0 (11546,.)
                                                                                             TEST HEIGHT  1361. KG( 3000. LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP>
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM 329-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  8612. KM( 5351. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .90
                                                               4,
                                                               4,
                                                               3,
                                                               1,
                                                              .01
                                                              .04
                                                              38,
                                                               0,
     4.0/11/
     3,5/ I/
     3.5/13/
      ,0/13/
    47,I/ 3/
     2,9/ 3/
    30,2/ 21
      ,3/ 2/
        16.50
          1,
          2,
         .77
        37.9
          .13
          .71
       4600.5
        21,35
         1.11
       1199,
     .939 (  .928)
     ,000 (  ,900)
       327.0
       70,37
       20.41

      3B1SOB
       753.4 "
         7,4
        24,4
        U2.2
        6.17

         ,00
         ,03
         ,75
                                                    1

-------
SUMMARY OP REGULATED EMISSIONS  FROM FIAT TURBOCHARGED DIESEL
       RESEARCH VEHICLE  WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP,
                         EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Date (1981)
Run No.
HC, g/mi
CO, g/mi
NOX, g/mi
Part., g/mi
Fuel, mi/gal
3B2F35
3-b FTP
9/23
1
0.18
0.43
2.C6
0.09
23.8
3B2F39
3-b FTP
9/24
2
0.13
0.43
2.11
0.09
23.5
3B2H36
HFET
9/23
1
0.03
0.08
1.35
0.07
36.8
3B2H40
HFET
9/24
2
0.03
0.08
1.32
0.06
36.9
3B2N37
NYCC
9/23
1
0.31
0.76
2.98
0.16
14.8
3B2N41
NYCC
9/24
2
0.29
0.68
2. '85
0.18
14.8 .
3B2S38
85 kph
9/23
1
0.00
0.05
1.37
0.-08
38.1
3B2S42
85 kph
9/24
2
0.02
0.05
1.32
0.08
r .38.3
                             F-ll

-------
  rrsr NO.   3B2rs5 .  RUN   j -
  VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
  ENGINE 2.0 L<122.  CID) L-4
  TRANSMISSION MS

  BAROMETER  743.97 HH  HG(29.29 IN  HO
  RELATIVE HUMIDITY  59,  PCT
  BAG RESULTS
    BAG  NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION

    BLOUER  DIF P MM.  H20CIN. H20)
    BLOUER  INLET P  MM,  H20(IM. H20)
    B1.0WFR  INLET TEMP, DEC,  C(DEG, F)
    BLOWER  REVOLUTIONS
    TOT  FLOW  STD, CU, METRES(GCF)
    HC   SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
         BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
         SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
         BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
HC
CO
CO
C02
         3AMPLE  METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX  SAMPLE METER/PANGE/PPM
    NOX  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION  FACTOR
    HC   CONCENTRATION  PPM
„   CO   CONCENTRATION  PPM
i   C02  CONCENTRATION  PCT
tt   NOX  CONCENTRATION  PPM
M   HC   MASS  GRAMS
    CO   MASS  GRAMS
    C02  MASS  CRAMS
    NOX  MASS  GRAMS
    PARTICIPATE  MASS GRAMS

    HC   GRAMS/KM
    CO   GRAMS/KM
    C02  GRAMS/KM
    NOX  GRAMS/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION BY CB  L/100KH

    RUN  TIME             SECONDS
    MEASURED  DISTANCE    KM
    SCF, DRY
          DFC, UET (DRY)
          SCF» UET (DRY)
          VOL  (SCM)
          SAM  BLR (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)
          FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KM

 COMPOSITE RESULTS
    TEST NUMBER        3B2F35
    BAROMETER    MM  HG  744.0
    HUMIDITY      G/KG     11,6
    TEMPERATURE  DEG C' 24,4
                                                    VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                     PROJECT OS-4874-OO1
                                                  VEHICLE NO. 3D
                                                  DATE    9/23/01
                                                  BAG CART NO.  1  / CVS NO.   3
                                                  DYNQ NO.      2

                                                  DRY HULK TEMP.  24.4 DEG C(76,0 DEC F)
                                                  ABS. HUMIDITY 11.6 CM/KG
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KGC  3000.  LDS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU(  11.0 IIP)
DIESEL    EH-469-F
ODOMETER  0751. KM( 5562. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,03
1
:OLD TRANSIENT
693,4 (27,3)
566,4 (22,3)
36,1 ( 97,0)
13046,
135,9 ( 4797.)
26,5/H/ 27,
8. 1/ I/ 0,
30.1/13/ 35,
11.7/13/ 11,
40, O/ 3/ ,iB
3,5/ 3/ ,05
20, 3/ 2/ 2B,
,0/ 2/ 1,
19,60
19,
24,
.63
27,5
1,40
3,86
1559,2
7,37
,43
,25
,66
268,2
1,27
10,03
504,
5,81
,975
.959 (
1.000 (






2
STABILIZED
690,5 (27,5)
571.5 (22.5)
37,2 ( 99,0)
23C30,
233,4 ( 0240.)
10.3/11/ 10,
6,5/ I/ 7,
14.2/13/ 13,
9.7/13/ 9.
20, O/ 3/ ,47
3,3/ 3/ .05
19, 7/ 2/ 20,
,4/ 2/ 0.
20,12
4,
4.
,43
19,3
,54
i»n
1818,4
8,80
.33
,09
,18
291,8
1,43
10,86
860,
6,23
,977
.940)
,976)
369.2
70,36
12,05
10,46

CARBON
3
HOT TRANSIENT
693,4 (27,3)
566,4 (22.3)
37,2 ( 99,0)
13044,
135,6 ( 4789.)
10,2/H/ 10.
6,5/ I/ 7.
12.2/13/ 11.
6.3/13/ 6,
33, O/ 3/ .55
3,5/ 3/ .05
22, 5/ 2/ 23,
,4/ 2/ 0.
24.30
4,
5,
,50
22.1
,31
,05
1236,7
5.91
,29
,05
,15
213,3
1,02
7,93
504,
5,80
.97A
.963 (
1.000 (





DIOXIDE G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION L/100KH
HYDROCARBONS (TKC) G/KM


CARBOM
OXIDES
MONOXIDE C/KM
OF NITf
-------
 TEST NO.   3B2H3t   RUN   1
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U CAT
 ENGINE 2.0 LU22. CID) L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 744.22 MM HG(29,30 IM HO)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIP P MM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM. H20(IN, H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC
   HC
   CO
   CO
        SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
        BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
        SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
        BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CQ2 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    CQ2 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
„.   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
?   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
M   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
w   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MAGS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          PFC, UET  (DRY)
          SCF, WET  (DRY)
          VOL (SCri)
          SAM BLR  (SCM)
          KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST  NUMBER,
EXCHANGE  PACKAGE/MEMORY  DUMP ON FILE ZZZDUMP.
    BAROMETER,           MM HG
    HUMIDITY,            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE,         DEG f.
      CARBON DIOXIDE,      G/tfM
    FUEL  CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS,        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  G/KM
HFET   VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT O5-4O74-001
     VEHICLE N0.3B
     DATE    ?/23/01
     DAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0  DEO  C<77,0 DEG F)
     ADS.  HUMIDITY 10.6 CM/KG

        HFET

    690.5 (27.5)
    571.5 (22.5)
     37.8 (100.0)
       21000,
    205.5 <  7255.)
     0.9/11/   9.
     6,5/ I/   7.
     7.4/13/   7.
     3.3/13/   3.
    47.O/ 3/  .01
     3.0/ 3/  .06
    35.6/ 2/  36,
      ,5/ 2/   1,
        16.52

          4.'
         .75
        35.1
          .33
          ,09
       2039,5
        13.77
          .60
        765,
     ,939 <  .924)
    1,000 (  .976)
       205,5
       43,52
       16,48

      3D2H36

       744.2
        10.6
        25.0
        172.3
        6.40

         ,02
         ,05
         .84
                                                                                              TEST WEIGHT  1361.
                                                                                              ACTUAL  ROAD LOAD
                                                                                              DIESEL    EH-469-F
                                                                                              ODOMETER  0974, KM(
KG( 3000. UBS)
8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)

 5576. MILES)
                                                                                              NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   1.00

-------
 TEST NO.   3B2H37   RUN   1
 VEHICLE NOBEL      TC FIAT U CAT
 ENGINE: 2.0 LU22, cno L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 743.97 MM HG<29.29 IN HB>
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52.  PCT
 DAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER DIF P MM. H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H2CKIN.  H20)
    BLOUER INLET TEMP.  DEG. C(DEG.  F)
    DLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU, METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  BCKGR'D METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE HETER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CD2 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANfiE/PPM
    NOX BCNGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC • CONCENTRATION PPM
    CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
1   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
i '  NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
*-   MC  .MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFCF UET  (DRY)   .
         SCFr UET  (DRY)        '  ,
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM BLR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER,
    BAROMETER!           MM HG
    HUMIDITY*            G/KG
    TEMPERATUREr         DEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    .HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGENr  G/KM
NYCC   VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS
        PROJECT 05-1074-001

     VEHICLE NO.3D
     DATE    7/23/81
     BAG CART NO.   1
     DYNO NO.      2
     CVS NO.    3

     DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0  DEO C(77.0 DEO F)
     ABS.  HUMIDITY 10.6 GM/KG

        NYCC

    703.6 (27.7)
    576.6 (22.7)
     35.6 (  96.0)
       16379.
    160.7 (  5674.)
     9.4/11/   9.
     5,6/ I/   6.
     7.3/13/   7,
     l.G/13/   2.
    20.2/ 3/  .33
     3,I/ 3/  .05
    12,I/ 2/  12.
      ,5/ 2/   1.
        41.03
          4.
          5.
         .28
        11.6
          .36
          .91
        020.0
         3.56
          .19
        597.
     .976 <  .959J
    1.000 (  .980)
       160.7
       34.13
        1.92

      3B2N37   .
       744.0
        10.6
        25.0
        426.4
       15.00

         .19
         .47
        1.05
TEST WEIGHT  1361.  KG(  3000.  LDS)
ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   B.2 KU< 11.0 HP)

ODOMETER  C980. KMC 5505. MILES)
NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00

-------
TEST 'NO.   3B2S3Q   RUN   1.
VEHICLE MODEL    ' TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L<122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION «5
 BAROMETER 743.97 MM HGC29.29 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOtO DIF P MM, H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET P MM.  H,?0(IN,  H20>
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  DEO. C(DEC,  F)
    BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STB. CU. METREG(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE flETER/RANGE/PPM
    HC  DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
M   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
7   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
i-   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
01   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MAGS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         DFC» WET (BRY)
         SCF, WET (DRY)
         VOL  (SCM)
         SAM ELR  (SCM)
         KM   (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.         DEC C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION,    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE,     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN.  (5/KM
    PROJECT O5-4O74-OO1
 VEHICLE NO.3B
 BATE    9/23/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 DYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 BRY BULD TEMP. 25.0 DEG CC77.0 DEO F)
 ABS, HUMIDITY 10,6 CM/KG

    85 K

698.5 (27.5)
571.5 (22.5)
 38.3 (101.0)
   32940,
321.6 (J1357.)
 5.9/11/   6,
 5,8/ I/   6,
 4.0/13/   4.
 1.2/13/   1.
49,I/ 3/  .05
 3.4/ 3/  .05
39.7/ 2/  40.
  ,5/ 2/   1.
    15,75
      1,
      2.
     ,00
    39,2
      .09
      .93
   4717.1
    24.08
     1.34
   1200.
 .937 (  ,921)
1.000 (  .975)
   321.6
   60.31
   28.40

  3B2S38
   744.0
    10,6
    25.0
    166.1
    6,17

     .00
     .03
     .05
                                                                                             TEST UtIGMT  1361. KG< 3OOO.  LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    EM-469-F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  0990. KM< 5586. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1,00

-------
 TEST NO.   3B2F39   RUN   2
 VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
 ENGINE 2,0 LU22,  CID)  L-4
 TRANSMISSION M5

 PAROMETER 745,24  MM HG(29,34  IN  HB)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  5V.  PCT
 HAG RESULTS
    BAG NUMBER
    DESCRIPTION
    BLOUER  DIP  P  MM,  H20(IN.  H20)
    BLOWER  INLET  P MM,  H20
-------
TEST NO.   3D2I140   RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 L(122. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION ,M5
 BAROMETER 745,49 MM HO(29.35 IN HG)
 RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
 BAG RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER BIF P MM. H20(IN, H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM.  H20(IN. H20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP.  BEG, C(DEu, F)
    BLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOW STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    11C  BCKGRD HETER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRB METER/RrtNOE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 DCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE MtTER/RAfJGE/PPH
    NOX BCKGRB METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
M   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
I   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
*-,   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
~°   HC  MASS GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
         BFC, UET (DRY)
         SCF. UET (DRY)
         VOL (SCM)
         SAM BLR (CCM)
         KM  (MEASURED)

    TEST NUMBER.
    BAROMETER.           MM HG
    HUMIDITY.            G/KG
    TEMPERATURE.         BEG C
     CARBON DIOXIDE.      G/KM
    FUEL CONSUMPTION.    L/100KM

    HYDROCARBONS.        G/KM
    CARBON MONOXIDE.     G/KM
    OXIDES OF NITROGEN,  G/KM
    PROJECT OS -1374 -OO1
 VEHICLE NO. 3D
 DATE    9/24/01
 BAG CART NO.  1
 OYNO NO.      2
 CVS NO.   3

 DRY BULB TEMP. 25.0 DEC C(77.0 BEO F)
 ADS, HUMIDITY 10.6 CM/KG

    HFET

718. G (20.3)
584,2 (23,0)
 37.2 ( 99.0)
   20967.
205.1 < 7242.)
 7.3/11/   7.
 5. I/ I/   5,
 4.6/13/   4,
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT  1361. KG« 300O. .LBS)
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 HP)
                                                                                             DIESEL    CM-467-F
                                                                                             OBOMCTER  9045, KM( 5620. MILES)
                                                                                            NOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR  1.00
                                                      , 2/ 3/   .79
                                                     3, 1/ 3/   .05
                                                    35. 2/ 2/   35,
                                                      ,7/ 2/    1,
                                                        16,05
                                                         3,
                                                         3,
                                                         .75
                                                        34.5
                                                         .30
                                                         ,70
                                                      2015.2
                                                        13,51
                                                         ,65
                                                        765,
                                                     ,941 ( ,925)
                                                    1,000 ( .976)
                                                    '  205.1
                                                      43.40
                                                      16,40

                                                      3B2H40
                                                      745,5
                                                        10.6
                                                        25.0
                                                        i71,7
                                                        6,38

                                                         ,02
                                                         ,05
                                                         ,02

-------
TCST NO.   3P2N4J   "RUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U--CAT
ENGINE 3.0 LU22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
BAROMETER 745,49 MM HG(29,35 IN HG)
RELATIVE HUMIDITY  52. PCT
BAG RESULTS
   TEST CYCLE

   BLOUER DIF P KM. H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET P MM, H20(IN. H20)
   BLOWER INLET TEMP, DEC, C(DEG, F)
   BLOWER REVOLUTIONS
   TOT FLOU STD, CU. METRES(SCF)
   HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
   HC  BCKGRD hETER/RANGE/PPM
oo
   (1C
   CO
C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
C02 BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PCT
NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PFM
NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
DILUTION FACTOR
HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
C02 CONCENTRATION f CT
NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
    MAGG GRAMS
    MASS GRAMS
C02 MASS GRAMS
NOX MAGS GRAMS
PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
RUN TIME             SECONDS
     DFC. WET (DRY)
     SCF* WET (DRY)
     VOL  (SCM)
     SAM  DLR  (SCM)
     KM   (MEASURED)

TEST NUMBER,
BAROMETER*           MM HG
HUMIDITY*            G/KG
TEMPERATURE*         DEC C
 CARBON DIOXIDE*      G/KM
FUEL CONSUMPTION*    L/100KM

HYDROCARBONS*        G/KM
CARBON MONOXIDE*     G/K'M
OXIDES OF NITROGEN*  G/KK
                                                    C   VEHICLE EMISSIONS RESULTS
                                                         PROJECT  OS-4874--O01
                                                      VEHICLE N0.3B
                                                      DATE    9/24/01
                                                      BAG CART  NO.   1
                                                      DYNO  NO.    '   2
                                                      CVS NO.   3

                                                      DRY BULB  TEMP, 25.0 DEC CC77.0 DEO F)
                                                      ABS.  HUMIDITY  10,6 CM/KG

                                                         NYCC

                                                     723.9  (20.5)
                                                     504,2  (23,0)
                                                      35,6  ( 96,0)
                                                        16376,
                                                     160,6  < 5672.)
                                                                                             TEST WEIGHT   1361.
                                                                                             ACTUAL  ROAD  LOAD
                                                                                             DIEiiCL     EM-469--F
                                                                                             ODOMETER  9061. KM(  5630
                                                                                                            KGC 3000. LBS>
                                                                                                            0.2 KU(  11.0 MF-)
                                                                                                                   MILES)
                                                                                             NOX  HUMIDITY  CORRECTION FACTOR   1.00
                                                      8,5/H/
                                                      4,?/  I/
                                                               9,
                                                               5,
                                                               5.
                                                               1,
                                                               32
                                                               05
                                                               1,
                                                    20,O/ 3/
                                                     3,0/ 3/
                                                    11,6/ 2/
                                                       ,6/ 2/
                                                        41,49
                                                          4,
                                                          4,
                                                         ,28
                                                        11,0
                                                          ,35
                                                          ,81
                                                        014.1
                                                         3,37
                                                          ,21
                                                        590,
                                                     ,976 ( ,959)
                                                    1,000 ( ,900)
                                                       160,6
                                                       34,03
                                                        1,90

                                                       3B2N41
                                                       745,5
                                                        10.6
                                                        25,0
                                                        427,4
                                                       15,92

                                                         ,10
                                                         ,42
                                                        1.77

-------
                                                85KPH
                                                       VEHICLE EMISSIONS  RESULTS
                                                        PROJECT O5-4074-001
TEST NO.   3D?"42   HUN   2
VEHICLE MODEL      TC FIAT U-CAT
ENGINE 2.0 LO22. CID) L-4
TRANSMISSION M5
 BAROMETER 745.24 HM HG(29.34 IN 110)
 RELATIVE I.'JMIDITY  50.  PCT
 BAD RESULTS
    TEST CYCLE

    BLOUER BIF P KM. H20(IN. H20)
    BLOUER INLET P MM. H20(IN,  R20)
    BLOWER INLET TEMP. DEC. C(BEG. F)
    DLOUER REVOLUTIONS
    TOT FLOU STD. CU. METRES(SCF)
    HC  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    IIC  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    CO  BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    C02 SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PCT
    C02 BCKGRD METEP/RANGE/PCT
    NOX SAMPLE METER/RANGE/PPM
    NOX BCKGRD METER/RANGE/PPM
    DILUTION FACTOR   •
    HC  CONCENTRATION PPM
„   CO  CONCENTRATION PPM
?   C02 CONCENTRATION PCT
-   NOX CONCENTRATION PPM
0   HC  MASC GRAMS
    CO  MASS GRAMS
    C02 MASS GRAMS
    NOX MASS GRAMS
    PARTICULATE MASS GRAMS
    RUN TIME             SECONDS
          BFC, WET  (DRY)
          SCF, UET  (DRY)-
         •VOL  
                                                                                             ACTUAL ROAD LOAD   8.2 KU( 11.0 IIP)

                                                                                             ODOMETER  9062.9KM( 5631. MILES)
                                                                                            WOX HUMIDITY CORRECTION FACTOR   .99

-------
                       APPENDIX G

                      TEST RESULTS,
                 INDIVIDUAL HYDROCARBONS
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
      TABLE G-l.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED
          FIAT  DIESEL,  NO  AFTERTREATMENT,  EM-329-F  BASE  FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement : :
Methane, mg/km
Ethylene, rag/Ton
Ethane, rag/km
Acetylene, mg/km
Propane, mg/km
Propylene, mg/km
Benzene, mg/km
"Total" IHC, mg/kma
FID "Total HC", mg/kmb
1A329F
Cold FTP
4
1/26

7.5
37.
0
5.7
4.9
11.
3.8
70.
_—
5
1/30

7.0
34.
0.49
5.5
0
9.8
3.6
60.
__
Hot FTP
4
1/26

6.4
34.
0
4.7
2.6
12.
3.0
63.
__
5
1/30

O.fll
33.
0.09
4.1
0
9.5
0
48.
__
1A329H
HFET
5
1/26

2.8
14.
q
1.2
0.82
0.36
0.80
20.
__
1A329N
N*CC
5
1/26

.15.
68.
0
14.
0
29.
11.
157.
__
1A329S
85 kph
6
1/30

0
8.6
0
1.3
0
2.1
0.66
13.
__
.toluene  was  analyzed for,  but not found
 data not acceptable
         TABLE G-2.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-AS PI RATED
                 FIAT  DIESEL,  NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement:
Methane , mg/km
Sthylene, mg/km
Ethane, mg/km
Acetylene , mg/km
Propane , mg/km
Propylene, mg/km
_ Benzene, mcr/kro
"Total" IHC, mgAma
FID "Total HC", mg/km
1A2F25
C-FTP
1
2/16

18.
40.
1.5
7.7
2.9
13.
3.0
86.
417.
1A2F29
C-FTP
2
2/18

11.
41.
0.54
7.9
0
12.
4.5
77.
380.
1A2F25
H-FTP
1
2/16

16.
37.
1.5
6.2
0
12.
1.8
75.
361.
1A2F29
H-FTP
2
2/18

6.4
38.
0
5.9
0
11.
1.4
63.
416. |
1A2H26
HFET
1
2/16

5.9
13.
0.61
2.2
0
3.8
1.1
27.
(140.
1A2N27
NYCC
1
2/16

43.
75.
3.4
12.
0
20.
0
153.
700.
LA2S28
85 kph
1
2/16

6.6
0
0.27
0
0
0
0
fi.8
130.
     uene was analyzed for, but not  found

                                    G-2

-------
                TABLE G-3.  INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL
                                WITH CATALYTIC TRAP,  EM-329-P BASE FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement :
Methane, mg/km
Ethylene, mg/km
Ethane , mg/km
Propylene, mg/km
Benzene, mg/km
"Total" IHC, rngAm3
FID "Total HC", mg/km
1B1F46
C-FTP
1
4/6

14;
18.
1.4
2.2
1.2
37.
50.
1B1F54
C-FTP
3
4/9

11.
4.9
2.3
0
0.54
19.
62.
1B1F46
H-FTP
1
4/6

9.4
10.
2.4
0
• 0.51
22.
29.
1B1F54
H-FTP
3
4/9

8.7
9.0
0.78
0
0
18.
44.
1B1H47
HFET
1
4/6

3.7
2.2
0.71
0
0
6.6
10.
1B1II55
HFET
3
4/9

3.4
1.6
0.78
0
0
5.8
10.
1B1N48
NVCC
1
4/6
•_
33.
9.6
5.4
0
0
48.
40.
1B1N56
N*CC
3
4/9

22.
7.5
4.3
0
0
34.
20.
1B1S49
85 kph
1
4/6

2.3
0
0
0
0
2.3
4.
1B1S57
85 kph
3
4/9

1.8
0
0.56
0
0
2.4
10.
''Acetylene, propane, and toluene were analyzed for, but not found
                 TABLE G-4.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS  FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL
                                WITH CATALYTIC TRAP,  EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement:
Methane, mg/km
Ethylene, mg/km
Ethane, mg/km
Acetylene, mg/km
Propane, mg/km
"Total" IHC, mgAm*
FID "Total HC", mgAm
1B2F64
C-FTP
1
4/15

6.5
18.
0.78
1.4
0
27.
53.
1B2F68
C-FTP
2
4/16

. 8.5
18.
2.2
0
2.3
31.
53.
' 1B2F64
H-FTP
1
4/15

6.4
12.
0.77
0
0
19.
'.49.
1B2F68
H-FTP
• 2
4/16

• 8.2
15.
0.78
0
7.2.
31.
49.
1B2H65
HFET
1
4/15

2.5
2.7
0
0
0
5.2
20.
1B2H69
HFET
2
4/16

2.3
4.3
0.88
0
3.5
11.
20.
1B2N66
NYCC
1
4/15

22.
14.
0
0
0
36.
30.
1B2N70
NYCC
2
4/16

22.
16.
0
0
14.
52.
50.
1B2S67
85 khp
1
4/15

1.1
0
0
0
0
1.1
__b
1B2S71
85 khp
2
4/16

0.73
0
0
0
0.34
1.1
b
b.
Propylene, benzene, and toluene were analyzed for, but not found
'less than 5 mg/km

-------
      TABLE G-5.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS
                      DIESEL WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement :
Methane, mg/km
Ethylene, mg/km
Ethane, rag/km
Acetylene , mg/km
Propane, mg/km
Propylene, mg/km
Benzene , mg/km
"Total" IHC, mg/kma
FID "Total HC", mg/km
2A1F01
C-FTP
1
5/21
2.?.
13.
0.25
3.0
0
4.9
1.5
25.
121.
2A1F05
C-FTP
2
5/22
0.61
15.
0.05
1.5
0
3.2
0.49
21.
114.
2A1F01
H-FTP
1
5/21
0.96
14.
0
1.2
0.57
2.7
0
19.
137.
2A1F05
H-FTP
2
5/22
0.52
14.
0
1.2
0
6.4
0
22.
131.
2A1H02
HFET
1
5/21
0.27
9.8
0.19
1.7
0
4.1
0.88
17.
80.
2A1N03
NYCC
1
5/21
0
31.1
0
0
0
7.5
0
39.
320.
2A1S04
85 kph
1
5/21
0.14
8.8
0.11
1.8
0
3.3
1.3
16.
70.
Toluene was analyzed for, but not found
       TABLE G-6.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS
                          DIESEL WITH EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement :
Methane , mg/km
Ethylene , mg/km
Ethane , mg/km
Acetylene, ing/km
Propylene , mg/km
Benzene , mg/km
"Total" IHC,mg/kma
.FID "Total HC", mg/km
2A2F26
C-FTP
3
6/19

1.4
18.
1.9
3.5 '
0
0
25.
151.
2A2F30
C-FTP
4
6/22

1.7
18.
0.58
1.3
3.3
1.3
26.
117.
2A2F26
H-FTP
3
6/19

0.28
16.
1.5
0
0
0
18.
156.
2A2F30
H-FTP
4
6/22

0.76
17.
0
1.2
0
0
19.
159.
2A2H27
HFET
3
6/19

0
11.
0.54
1.8
3.0
0
16.
100.
2A2N23
NYCC
3
6/19

0
37.
0
0
0
0
37.
320.
2A2S29
85 kph
3
6/19

0
9.0
0
1.6 y
2.8
0
13.
80.
 Propane and toluene were analyzed for, but not found
                                      G-4

-------
     TABU: G-7.  INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                   NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement :
Methane , mg/km
Ethylene, mg/km
Ethane , m«r/km
Acetylene, jag/km
Propane , mg/km
Propylene , mg/km
Benzene, mg/tan
"Total" IHC, mgAma
FID "Total HC", mg/km
3A1F09
C-FTP
3
7/2

7.8
29.
1.4
6.3
0
9.9
2.2
57.
287.
3A1F13
C-FTP
4
7/6

15.
35.
1.2
7.8
1.1
12.
5.5
78.
266.
3A1F09
H-FTP
3
7/2

3.1
21.
0.24
3.7
0
6.2
0
34.
237.
3A1F13
H-FTP
4
7/6

1.8
22.
0.07
4.0'
0
9.6
0
37.
217.
3A1H10
HFET
3
7/2

1.2
6.1
0.03
1.3
0
1.5
0
10.
70.
3A1N11
NYCC
3
7/2

14.
64.
0.63
10.
0
23.
8.4
120.
690.
3A1S12
85 kph
3
7/2

0.49
4.2
0.03
0
0
0
0
4.7
50.
toluene analyzed for, but not found
     TABLE G-8.  INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                     NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement :
Methane , tug/tan
Ethylene , mg/km
Ethane, ng/km
Acetylene , mg/km
Propane , mg/km
Propylene, mg/km
Benzene, mg/km
Toluene , mg/km
"Total" IHC, mg/km
FID "Total. HC", mg/kai
3A2F20
C-FTP
1
7/9

16.
36.
2.1
5.9
0
5.2
3.7
0
69.
375.
3A2F24
C-FTP
2
7/10

13.
37.
1.2
8.2
0.56
16.
5.4
1.0
82.
359.
3A2F20
H-FTP
1
7/9

a
-—
— —
—
— —
— —
——
— ••
—
263.
3A2F24
H-FTP
2
7/10

.1.9
25.
0.45
5.5
0
13.
1.0
0
47.
263.
3A2H21
HFET
1
7/fl

0.11
5.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
5.4
70.
3A2N22
NYCC
1
7/9

7.2
61.
0
0
0
0
0
0
68.
800.
3A2S23
85 kph
1
7/9

0
4.6
0
0
0
0
0
0
4.6
50.
data not acceptable
                                   G-5

-------
            TABLE G-9.   INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT
                     DIESEL WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Sun No.
Date (1981)
Measurement:
Methane , rag/tan
Ethylene , mg/km
Ethane, mg/km
Acetylene, ing Am
Propylene , mg/km
Benzene, mgAm
"Total" IHC, rag/km5*
FID "Total HC" , mg/kn
3B1F01
C-FTP
1
9/17

7.1
17.
0.78
2.0
2.9
1.9
32.
107.
3B1F05
C-FTP
2
9/18

5.8
16.
1.8
2.4
2.8
1.4
30.
90.
3B1F01
H-FTP
1
9/17

2.1
8.8
0
0
0
0
11.
46.
3B1F05
H-FTP
2
9/18

0
7.8
0.39
0
0
0
8.2
56.
3B1H02
HFET
1
9/17

0.50
1.9
0
0
0
0
2.4
10.
3B1N03
NYCC
1
9/17

9.9
23.
3.2
• o
0
0
36.
120.
3B1S04
85 kph
1
9/17

0.29
0.67
0
0
• -o
0
0.96
__b
^Propane and toluene were analyzed for, but not found-
 Less than 5
             TABLE G^IO. INDIVIDUAL HC RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED  FIAT
                    'DIESEL WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, £M-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Measurement;
Methane , mgAm
Ethylene, mgAm
Ethane , mgAm
Acetylene, mgAm
Propane, mgAm
Propylene, rag Am
Benzene , mgAffl
"Total" IHC, mgAm
FID "Total HC" , mgAn
3B2F35
C-FTP
1
9/23 '

10.
22.
1.0
3.3
0
4.8
3.2
44.
159.
3B2F-J9
C-FTP
2
9/24

12.
23.
1.2
3.4
0.6
4.3
2.9
47.
165.
3B2F35
H-FTP
1
9/23

1.9
8.3
0.06
0
0
0
0
10.
61.
3B2F39
H-FTP
2
9/24

2.3
9.1
0.44
0
0
0
0
12.
71.
3B2H36
HFET
1
' 9/23

0
1.5
0
0
11.8
0
0. •
13.
20.
3B2N37
NYCC
1
9/23

2.6
23.
0.62
0
55.
0
0 •
.81.
190.
3B2S38
85 kph
1
9/23

0
0
0
0
4.3
0
0
4.3
__b
^Toluene analyzed for, but not found
 Less than 5
                                       G-6

-------
                       APPENDIX H

                      TEST RESULTS,
                  ALDEHYDES AND KETONES
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
                          TABLE H-l.   ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT
                                 DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Coda No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde , rag/km
Acetaldehyde, ing /km
Ace tone ,a mg/km
I sobuty r al dehyde , mg/km
Methylethylketone, mgAm
"Total" aldehydes, mg/kn\
1A329F
Cold FTP
4
1/26
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
1/30
16.
6.7
0
0
0
23.
Hot FTP
4
1/26
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
1/30
13.
6.4
3.4
0
0.2
23.
1A329H
HFET
5
1/26
1.8
2.5
0
0
0
4.3
6
1/30
6.9
3.6
0
0
0
10.
1A329N
NYCC
5
1/26
0
47.
0
18.
C
4?.
6
1/30
26.
7.9
0
0
0
34.
1A329S
85 k
5
1/26
0 0
1.6
0
0
0
1.6
ph
6
1/30
3.0
2.5
3.3
0
0
8.8
                  .includes propanal and acrolein
                   does not include isobutyraldehyde
                    TABLE H-2.   ALDEHYDE  RESULTS  FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL,
                                     NO AFTERTREATMENT,  EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde, mg/km
Acetaldehyde, mg/km
Acetone ,a mg/km
Isobutyraldehyde, mgAm
"Total"b aldehydes, mg/km
1A2F250
C-FTP
1
2/16





1A2F29
C-FTP
2
2/18
6.9
0
0
4.7
6.9
1A2F33
C-FTP
3
3/11
fi.6
0.7
0
17.
9.3
1A2F25
H-FTP
1
2/16
18.
3.9
0
7.6
22.
1A2F29
H-FTP
2
2/18
7.2
0
0
0
7.2
1A2F33
H-FTP
3
3/11
10.
1.1
0
26.
11.
1A2H26
HFET
1
2/16
1.2
0
0
20.
1.2
1A2H30
HFET
2
2/18
2.1
0
0
20.
2.1
1A2N27
NYCC
1
2/16
20.
3.3
0
220.
23.
1A2N31
NYCC
2
2/18
17.5
7.2
0
165.
25.
1A2328
85 kph
1
2/16
2.8
0.23
2.3
0
5.3
1A2S32
85 kph
2
2/18
1.3
0
0
7.4
1.3
aincludes propanal and acrolein
 does not include isobutyraldehyde
ctest voided due to sampling pump failure

-------
                      TABLE H-3.  ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL
                                   WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde, mg/km
Isobutyraldehyde, mg/km
"Tolal"3 aldehydes, mg/km
1B1F46
C-FTP
1
4/6
0.90
0
0.90
1B1F54
C-FTP
3
4/9
2.5
1.9
2.5
1B1F46
H-FTP
1
4/6
. 0.10
7.9
0.10
1B1F54
H-FTP
3
4/9
1.4
1.6
1.4
1B1H47
HFET
1
4/6
0
0
0
1B1H55
HFET
3
4/9
0
2.7
0
1B1N4S
NYCC
1
4/6
0
72.
0
1B1N56
NYCC
3
4/9
0
59.
0
1B1S49
85 kph
1
4/6
0
1.3
0
1B1S57
85 kph
3
4/9
0
0.24
0
does not include isobutyraldehyde
                      TABLE H-4.  ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL
                                     WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test' Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde, mg/km
Isobutyraldehyde, mg/km
"Total"3 aldehydes, mg/km
1B2F64
C-FTP
1
4/15
2.9
1.4
2.9
1B2F68
C-FTP
2
4/16
2.0
0
2.0
1B2F64
H-FTP
1
4/15
2.0
8.5
2.0
1B2H68
'H-FTP
2
4/16
•" 0.78
1.2
0.78
1B2H65
HFET
1
4/15
0
15.
0
1B2H69
HFET
2
4/16
1.5
0
1.5
1B2N66
NYCC
1
4/15
0
32.
0
1B2N70
NYCC
2
4/16
0
65.
0
1B2S67
85 kph
1
4/15
0
2,3
0
1B2S71
85 kph
2
4/16i
0
3.6
0
.does not include isobutyraldehyde

-------
            TABLE H-5.  ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR  1981 OLDSMOBILE  CUTLASS  DIESEL
                                WITH EM-329-rF BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde , mg/km
Isobutyraldehyde,
mg/km
"Total" Aldehydes,
mg/kma
2A1F01
C-FTP
1
5/21
2.0

20.

2.0
2A1F05
C-FTP
2
5/22
0

7.4

0
2A1F01
H-FTP
1
5/21
2.5

9.8

2.5
2A1F05
H-FTP
2
5/22
0

13.

0
2A1H02
HFET
1
5/21
0

8.1

0
2A1H06
HFET
2
5/22
0

20.

0
2A1N03
NYCC
1
5/21
0

90.

0
2A1N07
NYCC
2
5/22
0

164.

0
2A1S04
85 kph
1
5/21
0

5.1

0
2A1S08
85 kph
2
5/22
0

18.

0
does not include isobutyraldehyde
            TABLE H-6.  ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR  1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTALSS DIESEL
                                  WITH EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde, mg/km
Isobutyraldehyde ,
mg/km
"Total" Aldehydes,
mgAma
2A2F26
C-FTP
3
6/19
0

0

0
2A2F30
C-FTP
4
6/22
2.2

0

2.2
2A2F26
H-FTP
3
6/19
0

0

0
2A2F30
H-FTP
4
6/22
0

5.4

0
2A2H27
HFET
3
6/19
0

0

0
2A2H31
HFET
4
6/22
0

4.2

0
2A2N28
NYCC
3
6/19
0

• 36.

0
2A2N32
NYCC
4
6/22
0

0

0
2A2S29
35 kph
3
6/19
0

0

0
2A2S33
85 kph
4
6/22
0

0

0
does  not  include  isobutyraldehyde

-------
                      TABLE H-7.   ALDEHYDE RESULTS  FOR TURBOCIIARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                                 NO AFTERTREATMENT,  EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Forma Idehyde , mg/km
Ace ta Idehyde, mg/km
Acetone a , mg/km
Me thy le thy Ike tone, mgAm
"Total"aaldehydes, mgAm
3A1F09
C-FTP
3
7/2
1.1
0
0
0
1.1
3A1F13
C-FTP
4
7/6
3.2
3.9
5.5
0
13.
3A1F03
H-FTP
3
7/2
1.3
0
0
5.0
6.3
3A1F13
H-FTP
4
7/6
2.2
4.3
8.4
0
15.
3A1H10
HFET
3
7/2
0
1.6
0
0
1.6
3A1I114
HFET
4
7/6
1.1
0
0
0
1.1
3A1N11
NYCC
3
7/2
0
0
0
0
0
3A1N15
NYCC
4
7/6
11.5
0
0
0
12.
3A1S12
85 kph
3
7/2
0
2.1
0
0
2.1
3A1S1G
85 kph
4
7/6
0.62
0.44
3.0
0
4.1
a.
 includes propanal and acrolein
                     TABLE  H-8.   ALDEHYDE  RESULTS  FOR TURBOCHARGED  FIAT DIESEL,
                                   NO AFTERTREATMENT,  EM-469-F  FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde, mg/kn>
Isobutyraldehyde, mg/km
Benza Idehyde, mg/km
"Total" a aldehydes, mgAm
3A2F20
C-FTP
1
7/9
4.3
0
0
4.3
3A2F24
C-FTP
2
7/10
6.3
9.0
0
6.3
3A2F20
H-FTP
1
7/9
9.0
0
2.7
9.0
3A2F24
_H-FTP
2
//10
1.5
0
0
1.5
3A2H21
HFET
1
7/9
0.19
0
3.4
0.19
3A2H25
HFET
2
7/10
0
0
0
0
3A2N22
NYCC
1
7/9
17.9
0
6.4
18.
3A2N26
NYCC
2
7/10
0
0
0
0
3A2S23
85 kph
1
-I /0
'/ -^
0
0
0
0
3A2S27
85 kph
2
7/10
0
0
0
0
    does  not include isobutyraldehyde and benzaldehyde

-------
                    TABLE H-9.   ALDEHYDE  RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL
                               WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Formaldehyde , mg/kra
Methy lathy Iketone, mg/km
Benzaldehyde, mg/km
"Total" a aldehydes.
mg/km
3B1F01
C-FTP
1
9/17
0 .
• o
0

0
3B1F05
C-FTP
2
9/18
0
0
1.5

0
3B1F01
H-FTP
1
9/17
0
0
1.5

0
3B1F05
H-FTP
2
9/18
0
0
0

0
3B1H02
HFET
1
9/17
0
0
0

0
3B1H06
HFET
2
9/18
0
0
1.2

0
3B1N03
NYCC
1
9/17
6.8
33.
7.5

40
3B1N07
NYCC
2
9/18
0
0
10.8

0
3B1S04
85 kph
1
9/17
0
0
0.89

0
3B1S08
85 kph
2
9/18
0
0
0.62

0
 does not include benzaldehyde
                   TABLE H-10.  ALDEHYDE RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL
                              WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981) .
Formaldehyde, mgAm
Isobutyraldehyde, trig/km
Muthyle thy Ike tone, mg/km
Benzaldehyde, mg/km
"Total"aaldchydos, mg/km
3B2F35
C-FTP
1
9/23
0
0
0
0
0
3B2F39
C-FTP
2
9/24
1.1
24.
0
0
1.1
3B2F35
H-FTP
1
9/23
0
0
0
0 •
0
3B2F39
H-FTP
2
9/24
0
4.9
0
. 0
0
3B2H36
HFET
1
9/23
0
8.3
0
0
0
3B2H40
HFET
2
9/24
0
0
0.97
1.2
0.97
3B2N37
NYCC
1
9/23
0
0
25.
0
25.
3B2N41
NYCC
2
9/24
0
210.
0
0
0
3B2S38
85 kph
1
9/23
0
9.9
0
0
0
3B2S42
85 kph
2
9/24
0
0
1.4
0.33
1.4
sdoes not includq  isobutyraldohyde  and benzaldehyde

-------
 SOUTHWEST  RESEARCH  INSTITUTE
 POST OFFICE DRAWER 2BS1O  •  «22O CU .ESN A ROAD  •  SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 782B4   (512)684-8111


                                     May 13,  1981
Mr. Frank M. Black
Mobile Source Emissions  Research Branch
Environmental Protection Agency
Mail Drop 46 FTP
Research Triangle Park,  N.C.   27711

Dear Frank:

    Please find two  sample vials, Samples A and B, enclosed.   These  are the
two NYCC samples discussed in our phone conversations which supposedly con-
tain large amounts of isobutyraldehyde - DNPH derivative.   I hope  that these
samples are suitable  for the HPLC and mass spectral confirmational  analyses
that we discussed in  our phone conversation.

    These samples were  run using our GC system and found  to contain  0.38 (A)
and 0.33 (B) mg of isobutyraldehyde - DNPH derivative.  Other aldehydes
derivatives found in  the initial analyses included formaldehyde (~0.07 mg)
and acetaldehyde  (<0.01  mg) .   The two samples were taken to dryness in a
vacuum oven (70°C, 27 inches of mercury vacuun) .  To determine  if the drying
procedure altered the sample integrity, sample A was rerun on the GC  system.
Two  (2) ml of toluene was added to the sample, followed by a routine  analysis.
The second analysis gave <0.01 mg formaldehyde-DNPH derivative  and  0.39 mg
isobutyraldehyde derivative,  indicating a loss of formaldehyde  derivative
and essentially no change for the isobutyraldehyde derivative.  After
analysis, the sample  was returned to dryness using the above conditions.
Both samples contain  0.1 mg of anthracene as an internal standard.

    If I can provide you with any other information, please call me  at
512-684-5111 ext. 2977.
                                       Sincerely,
                                                    /?•
                                       Lawrence R. Smith
                                       Senior Research Scientist
                                       Department of Emissions  Research
 LRS:kh
                                     H-7

           SAN ANTONIO, HOUSTON, TEXAS,  AND WASHINGTON. D  C

-------
                       APPENDIX I

                      TEST RESULTS,
                         PHENOLS
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDEMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
     TABLE 1-1.  PHENOL RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL,
                   NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Filtered
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
m-, p-cresol, mgAm
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol , mg/km
2,3, 5-trimethylphenol ,
mg/km
2,3,5, 6-tetramethy Iphenol ,
mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
1A329F
C-FTP
4
No
1/26
0
0
0
0.75
0

0

2.5
3.2
C-FTP
5
No
1/30
0
0
0.47
2.2
0.49

0

9.0
12.
1A329F
C-FTP
4
Yas
1/26
0
0
0.32
0.39
0

0

7.7
8.4
C-FTP
5
Yes
1/30
0
0
0
1.2
0

0

14.
15.
1A329F
H-FTP
4
No
1/26
0
0
0
1.5
0

0

5.8
7.3
H-FTP
5
No
1/30
0
0
3.1
1.1
0.12

0.29

5.7
10.
1A329F
H-FTP
4
Yes
1/26
0
0
0
0.63
0

0.22

4.1
5.C
H-FTP
5
Yes
1/30
0
0
3.1
0.53
0

0

1.3
4.9
Test Code No.
' Test Type
Run No.
Filtered
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde , mg/km
m~, p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2rn-propy Iphenol , mgAm
2,3,5 ,-trime thy Iphenol ,
rag/kia
2 , 3,5 , 6-tetramethy Iphenol,
mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
1A329H
HFET
5
No
1/26
0
0.31
1.0
1.3
0.74

0

2.5
5.8
Yes
1/26
0
0
0
0.52
0

0.11

2.3
2,9
1A329N
NYCC
5
NO
1/26
0
0
7.9
21.
2.4

3.4

28.
63.
Yes
1/26
0
0
0
5.4
0

0

58.
63.
1A329S
85 kph
5
No
1/26
0
0
0
0.82
0

0.20

1.6
2.6
Yes
1/26
0
0
0
0.12
0

0

1.9
2.0
aGroup Five includes p-ethyIphenol/  2-isopropyIphenol/ 2,3-xylenol/
 3,5-xylenol/ 2,4,6-trimethylphenol
                                   1-2

-------
          TABLE 1-2.  PHENOL RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
M
UJ
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Filtered
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/kro
m-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,3 mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2,3 , 5-trimethy Iphenol ,
mn/km
2,3,5 ,6-tet rame thy Iphenol ,
mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
1A2F25
C-FTP
1
NO
2/16
0
0
0
0
0

0

3.2
3.2
1A2F29
C-FTP
2
NO
2/18
0
0
0
5.7
0

0

7.4
13.
1A2F25
C-FTP
1
Yes
2/16
0
0
0
1.4
0

0.30

10.
12.
1A2F29
C-FTP
2
Yes
2/18
0
0
0
11.
0

13.

14.
38.
1AZF25
H-FTP
1
No
2/16
0
0
0
1.5
0

0.45

14.
16.
1A2F29
H-FTP
2
No
2/18
0
0
0
0
0

8.7

9.4
18.
1A2F25
H-FTP
1
Yes
2/16
0
0
0
0
0

0

2.0
2.0
1A2F29
H-FTP
2
Yes
2/18
0
0
0
6.6
0

0

8.6
15.
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Filtered
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mgAm
m-,p-cresol, mgAm
Group Five,3 mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mgAm
2,3, 5-trimethylphenol ,
mgAm
2,3,5 ,6-tetrame thy Iphenol ,
mgAm
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
1A2H26
HFET
1
No
2/16
0
0
0
0.69
0

0.83

5.2
6.7
1A2H30
HFET
2
No
2/18
0
0
0
4.1
0

5.0

5.3
14.
1A2H26
HFET
1
Yes
2/16
0
0 .
0
0
0

0

5.9
5.9
1A2H30
HFET
2
Yes
2/18
0
0
0
0
0

6.3

6.7
13.
1A2N27
NYCC
1
No
2/16
0
0
0
9.5
0

5.0

62.
76.
1A2N31
NYCC
2
No
2/18
0
0
0
0
0

0

52.
52.
1A2N27
NYCC
1
Yes
2/16
0
0
12.
10.
1.8

0

55.
79.
1A2N31
NYCC
2
Yes
2/18
0
0
0
0
0

0

57.
57.
1A2S28
85 kph
1
No
2/16
0
0
0
0.25
0

0.12

2.2
2.6
1A2S32
05 kph
2
No
2/18
0
0
0
0
0

0

3.0
3.0
1A2S28
85 kph
1
Yes
2/16
0
0.40
0.27
0.77
0.35

0.15

7.4
9.3
1A2S32
85 kph
2
Yes
2/18
0
0
0
2.9
0

3.5

3.8
10.
   *Group Five includes p-ethyIphenol/ 2-isopropyIphenol, 2,3-xylenol/  3,5-xylenol/  2,4,6-trimethylphenol

-------
        TABLE 1-3.  PHENOL (FILTERED)  RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT
                 DIESEL,  WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F  BASE  FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, ing/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
B-, p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
1B1F46
C-FTP
1
4/6
0
0
0
0
0
0
12.
12.
1B1F54
C-FTP
3
4/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.3
1.3
1B1F46
H-FTP
1
4/6
0
0
0
0
0
0
19.
19.
1B1F54
H-FTP
3
4/9
0
0
o.
0
0
0
3.1
3.1
1B1H47
HFET
1
4/6
0
0
0
0
O.J5
0
0.68
0.73
1B1H55
HFET
3
4/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.75
0.75
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
m-f p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2|3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2r3|5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
1B1N48
NYCC
1
4/6
0
0
0
0
0
0
22.
22.
1B1N56
NYCC
3
4/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
27.
27.
1B1S49
85kph
1
4/6
0
0
0
0
0
0 •
17.
17.
1B1S57
85kph
3
4/9
. 0
0
0
0
0
0
12.
12.
Group Five includes p-ethylphenol/ 2-isopropylphenol/ 2,3-xylenol/ 3,5-xylenol/
2i4,6-tr ime thy Iphenol.
                                       1-4

-------
        TABLE 1-4.  PHENOL  (FILTERED)  RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT
                       DIESEL, WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-469-F
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
n-, p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol , mg/km
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
1B2F64
C-FTP
1
4/15
0
0
0
0
0
0
74.
74.
1B2F68
C-FTP
2
4/16
0
0
0
0
0
1.8
8.9
11.
132F64
H-FTP
1
4/15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.91
0.91
1B2F68
H-FTP
2
4/16
0
0
0
0
0
0.20
2.7
2.9
1B2H65
HFET
1
4/15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.68
0.68
1B2H69
HFET
2
4/16
0
0
0
0
0
0
2.5
2.5
Test Code No.
Test Type
.Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
n-, p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total Phenols , mg/km
1B2N66
NYCC
1
4/15
0
0
0
0
0
0
7.1
7.1
1B2N70
NYCC
2
4/16
0
0
0
0
0
0
7.9
7.9
1B2S67
85kph
1
4/15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.30
0.30
1B2S71
85kph
2
4/16
0
0
0
0.59
0
0
3.V
4.3
Group Five includes p-ethylphenol/ 2-isopropylphenol/  2,3-xylenol/  3,5-xylenol/
214,6-trimethy Iphenol.
                                       1-5

-------
                     TABLE  1-5.  PHENOL (FILTERED)  RESULTS FOR 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS
                                          DIESEL WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No .
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
m-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2, 3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2,3, 5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
2A1F01
C-FTP
1
5/21
0
0.45
0
0
0.09
0
13.
13.5
2A1F05
C-FTP
2
5/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.46
0.46
2A1F01
H-FTP
1
5/21
0
0
0
0
0
0
13.
13.
2A1F05
H-FTP
2
5/22
0
0
0
0
0
O
6.4
6.4
2A1H02
HFET
1
5/21
0
0.17
0
0
0
0
0.10
0.27
2A1H06
HFET
2
5/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.10
0.10
2A1N03
NYCC
1
5/21
0
0
0
0
0
0
40.
40.
2A1N07
NYCC
2
5/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
8.4
8.4
2A1S04
85 kph
1
5/21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.88
0.88
2A1S08
85 kph
2
5/22
0
0
0
0
C
0-
0.55
0.55
Group Five includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol

-------
                          TABLE 1-6.   PHENOL (FILTERED)  RESULTS FOR 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS

                                                DIESEL WITH EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol ; mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
m-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five,a mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2, 3, 5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2 ,-3 , 5 , 6-tetramethylphen.oi, mq/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
2A2F26
C-FTP
3
6/19
0
2.3
0
0
1.2
0
4.9
8.4
2A2F30
C-FTP
4
6/22
0.29
0
0
0
0.13
0
4.3
4.7
2A2F26
H-FTP
3
6/19
0
0
0
0
0
0
3. .7
3.7
2A2F30
H-FTP
4
6/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
20.
20,
2A2H27
HFET
3
6/19
0
0
0
0
0
2.0
15.
17.
2A2H31
HFET
4
6/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
4.8
4.8
2A2N28
NYCC
3
6/19
0
0
0
0
0
6.4
61.
67.
2A2N32
NYCC
4
6/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
63.
63.
2A2S29
85 kph
3
6/19
0
0
0
0
0
0.33
1.1
1.4
2A2S33
85 kph
4
6/22
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.5 _
1.5
H
I
    3Group Five  includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/ 2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol

-------
                       TABLE 1-7.  PHENOL (FILTERED) RESULTS FOR TUROBCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                                      NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1901)
Phenol, mgAm
Salicylaldehyde, mgAm
m-,p-cresol, mg/kra
Group Fivea, mgAm
2-n-propylphenol, nig/km
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mgAm
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mgAm
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
3A1F09
C-FTP
3
7/2
0
7.8
0
0
1.0
0
0.35
9.2
3AJLF13
C-FTP
4
7/6
0
0
0
0.43
0
0
24.
24.
3A1F09
H-FTP
3
7/2
0
36.
0
0.61
2.1
1.6
20.
60.
3A1F13
H-FTP
4
7/6
0
0
0
0
0
0.18
7.0
7.2
3A1H10
HFET
3
7/2
0
0
0
0
0.16
0
0
0.16
3MH14
HFET
4b
7/6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
i
3A1N11
NYCC
3
7/2
0
0
0
3.6
1.4
6.7
42.
54.
3A1N15
NYCC
4
7/6
0
0
0
0
0
0
43.
43.
3A1S12
85 kph
3
7/2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3A1S16
85 kph
4b
7/6
—
— -
™
— —
-—
— -
— -
—
M
I
00
        Group five includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/
        2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethyIphenol
        sample contaminated.

-------
                       TABLE 1-8.   PHENOL  (FILTERED) RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,

                                       NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/kra
n-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Fivea, mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/km
2,3, 5-trimethy Iphenol , mg/km
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
3A2F20
C-FTP
1
7/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
6.4
6.4
3A2F24
C-FTP
2
7/10
22.
0
0
0
0
0
0
22.
3A2F20
H-FTP
lb
7/9
__
—
—
-
—
—
—
—
3A2F24
H-FTP
2.
7/10
0
0
0
0
0
0.15
4.7
4.9
3A2H21
HFET
1
7/9
0
0
0
1.0
0
0.55
4.5
6.1
3A2H25
HFET
2
7/10
0
0
0
1.1
0
0.31
7.0
8.4
3A2H22
NYCC
1
7/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
47.
47.
3A2N26
NYCC
2
7/10
0
0
0
12.
0
0
58.
70.
3A2S23
85 kph
1
7/9
0
0
0
0
0
0
2.6
2.6
3A2S27
85 kph
2
7/10
0
0
0
1.2
0
0
2.2
3.4
H
I
        Group five includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/
        2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethyIphenol
        sample contaminated'

-------
                    TABLE 1-9.  PHENOL  (FILTERED)  RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                            WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phe no 1 , mg/km
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
in-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five3, mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mgAm
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2, 3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mg/km
3B.IF01
C-FTP
1
9/17
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3B1F05
C-FTP
2
9/18
0
6.0
0
0.50
1.6
0.90
2.2
11.
3B1F01
H-FTP
1
9/17
0
0
0
0
0
0.26
2.1
2.4
3B1F05
H-FTP
2
9/18
0
1.7
0
2.0
0
0
7.1
11.
3B1H02
IIFET
1
9/17
_b
—
—
—
—
—
— —
—
3B1H06
HFET
2
9/18
0
0.70
0
1.4
0
0.36
21.
23.
3B1N03
HYCC
1
9/17
—
—
—
—
—
—
— —
—
3B1N07
NYCC
2
9/18
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3B1S04
85 kph
1
9/17
—
—
.
—
—
—
— —
__.
3B1S08
85 kph
2
9/18
0
1.3
0.14
0.72
0.07
0
5.6
7.8
H
O
            five includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/
      2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol
     . Samples lost through -sampling difficulty

-------
              TABLE 1-10.  PHENOL (FILTERED) RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL,
                         WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
Phenol, mgAro
Salicylaldehyde, mg/km
m-,p-cresol, mg/km
Group Five3 , mg/km
2-n-propylphenol, mg/kim
2,3,5-trimethylphenol, mg/km
2,3,5,6-tetramethylphenol, mg/km
"Total" Phenols, mgAm
3B2F35
C-FTP
1
9/23
0
0.36
0
1.4
0
0
23.
25.
3B2F39
C-FTP
2
9/24
0
0
0
3.3
0
0.21
7.9
11.
3B2F35
H-FTP
1
9/23
3.6
0.29
0
0
0.79
0.57
14.
19.
3B2F39
H-FTP
2
9/24
0
0
0
0
0
0
7.6
7.6
3B2H36
HFET
, 1
9/23
0
0
0
0.52
0
0
6.7
7.2
3B2H40
HFET
2
9/24
0
0
0
0.63
0
0.19
4.0
4.0
3B2N37
NYCC
1
9/23
0
0
0
5.6
0
0
28.
34.
3B2N41
NYCC
2
9/24
0
0
0
1.7
0
0
38.
40.
3B2S38
85 kph
1
9/23
0
0
0
0.82
0
0
2.3
3.1
3B2S42
85 kph
2
9/24
0
0
0
0.86
0
0
4.7
5.6
Group five includes p-ethylphenol/2-isopropylphenol/
2,3-xylenol/3,5-xylenol/2,4,6-trimethylphenol

-------
                       APPENDIX J

                      TEST RESULTS,
                     PARAFFIN PEAKS
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
              FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
 TABLE J-l.   PARAFFIN PEAKS  OF TRAP-COLLECTED GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS FROM
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS, FUEL EM-329-F


Carbon
Number
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18 .
19
'20
21
22
23
24
Carbon
Number
tot-^1
Percent of Peak Area

Fuel
EM-329-F
0.03
0.3
1.1
2.4
4.1

5.7
6.7
6.4
6.1'
4.2

1.7



0.1


39.
Fiat N.A.
4-bag
FTP


2.3
2.3
0.2

7.2
5.4
3.0
3.6
0.9

1.7



0.6

,
27. '

NYCC


17.
6.1
0.6

5.1
2.3
0.9
1.6
0.1

0.3



0.4


34.

85 kph


6.9
2.9
0.5

5.9
4.2
2.0
2.8
0.8.

1.5



1.7


29.
Fiat N.A. /Trap
4-bag
FTP


10.
2.5


1.9
9.0

0.7
4.2

1*8



2.5


33.

NYCC







9.7

14.
34.

15.



. 7.0


80.

85 kph







4.1

6.9
23.





8.2


42.
Fiat T.C.
4-bag
FTP


14.
1.7
1.0

4.1
3.9
9.0
6.0
2.9





1.6


44.

NYCC


18.













24.


42.

85 kph


14.













5.5


20.
Fiat T.C. /Trap
4-bag
FTP



1.7
0.5

6.3
12.
5.5
2.7
0.4





1.1


30.

NYCC
42.


16.















58.

85 kph



3.5












70.


74.. .
Cutlass
4-bag
FTP
14.



1.5


4.3


4.2





1.9


26.

NYCC
17.


11.












53.


81.

85 kph
23.


6.6












22.


52.

-------
                     TABLE J-2.  PARAFFIN PEAKS OF  TRAP-COLLECTED GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS FROM
                    FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981  OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL, FU3L EM-469-F
Carbon
Numlior
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Carbon
Number
Total
Percent of Peak Area
Fuel
EM-329-F
0.05
0.2
0.7
1.9
3.9

5.0
5.6
6.2
6.2
4.8

2.3



0.2

37.
Fiat N.A.
4-bag
FTP


7.9
1.8
0.3

4.9
8.6
1.0
2.1
0.1

1.7



1.0

29.
NYCC


18.
1.9
0.7

4.0
8.4
2.0
3.3
2.7

1.2



0.8

43.
05 kph


16.
1.6


3.5
8.3

1.0
3.6

1.6



2.6

38.
Fiat N. A. /Trap
4-bag
FTP


5.5




8.4

8.4


11.



12.

45.
NYCC
















100

100
B5 kph


29.













7.0

36.
Fiat T.C.
4-bag
FTP


11.
2.9
1.4

7.2
4.2
4,7
8.5
2.9

2.9



5.9

52.
NYCC


12.









65.





77.
85 kph


6.7





3.5
4.6






19.

34.
Fiat T.C. /Trap
4-bag
FTP




2.8

3.3
1.5










7.6
NYCC



10.












38.

48.
05 kph



7.3
2.2











18.

28.
Cutlass
4-bag
FTP
6.6



1.7


1.7
2.5
2.3
1.8





2.3

17.
NYCC


10.

26.

16.
6.7
18.
7.4
2.1







86.
85 kph


15.



4.5











20.
U)

-------
                       APPENDIX K

                      TEST RESULTS,
                    ORGANIC SULFIDES'
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
TABLE K-l.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED
    FIAT FIESEL, NO AFTERTREAThENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test iTpe
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2Hs)2S, mg/tan
(CH3)2S2» mg/km
1A329F
Cold FTP
4
1/26
9.8
4.6
0.06
0
Hot FTP
4
1/26
11.
5.2
0
0
Comb. FTP
5
1/30
7.0
9.8
0
0
1A329H
HFET
5
1/26
12.
4.9
0.03
0.03
6
1/30
8.2
6.4
0
0
1A329N
NYCC
5
1/26
200.
30.
0
0
6
1/30
64.
9.5
0
0
1A329S
85 kph
6
1/30
5.5
1.1
0
0
TABLE K-2.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED
        FIAT DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CR.) S, mg/km
(C.HgKS, mg/km
(CH,).S_, mg/km
w ^ ^
1A2F25
C-FTP
1
2/16
16.
2.2
. 0
0
1A2F29
C-FTP
2
2/18
12.
2.5
0
0
1A2F25
H-FTP
1
2/16
15.
4.3
0
0
1A2F29
H-FTP
2
2/18
20.
4.0
0
0
1A2H26
HFET
1
2/16
5.8
4.3
0
0
1A2H30
HFET
2
2/18
6.4
1.3
0
0
1A2N27
NYCC
1
2/16
140.
12.
0
0
• 1A2N31
NYCC
2
2/18
100.
8.8
0
0
                          K-2

-------
TABLE K-3.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED
    FIAT DIESEL, WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Coda No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, rag/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2H5)2S, rag/km
(03) 282, mg/km
1B1F46
C-FTP
1
4/6
37.
9.0
0
0
1B1F58
C-FTP
4
4/10
13.
18.
0.40
0
1B1F46
H-FTP
1
4/6
28.
7.9
0
0
1B1F58
H-FTP
4
4/10
17.
10.
0.03
0
1B1H47
HFET
1
4/6
1.5
2.9
0
0
1B1H59
HFET
4
4/10
8.7
3.8
0
0
1B1N48
NYCC
1
4/6
206.
39.
0
0
1B1N60
NYCC
4
4/10
64.
35.
0.15
0
    TABLE K-4.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR NATURALLY-ASPIRATED
           FIAT DIESEL, WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS , mg/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2H5)2S, mg/km
(CH3)2S2, mg/km
1B2F64
C-FTP
1
4/15
16.
11.
0
0
1B2F64
H-FTP
1
4/15
16.
3.3
0
0
1B2F65
HFET
1
4/15
8.5
• 5.0
0
0
1B2F66
NYCC
1
4/15
61.
32.
0
0
                               K-3

-------
          TABLE-K-5.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR  1981 OLDSHOBILE  CUTLASS
                           DIESEL WITH EH-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C.H-) S, mg/km
(CH, ) S , mg/lm
2A1F05
C-FTP
2
5/22
35.
10.
0
0
2A1F09
C-FTP
3
5/25
38.
5.1
0
0
2A1F05
H-FTP
2a
5/22
__
—
—
—
2A1F09
H-FTP
3
5/25
30.
4.4
0
0
2A1H06
HFET
2
5/22
22.
9.5
0
0
2A1H10
HFET '
3
5/25
16.
1.8
0
0
2A1N07
NYCC
' 2a
5/22
__
-—
—
-
2A1N11
NYCC
3
5/25
140.
23.
0
0
Sample lost
          TABLE-K-6.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS
                             DIESEL WITH EM-469-F FUEL
Tesf Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2E5}2S' mg/lan
(CH ) S , mg/km
J £. £.
2A2F26
C-FTP
3
6/19
35.
3.8
0
0
2A2F30
•C-FTP
4
6/22
107.
17.
0
0
2A2F26
H-FTP
3
6/19
38.
4.2
0
0
2A2F30
H-FTP
4
6/22
57.
12.
• o
0
2A2H27
. HFET
3
6/19
23.
3.6
0
0
2A2H31
HFET
4
6/22
—
--
—
— —
2A2N28
NYCC
3
6/19
153.
19.
0
0
2A2N32
NYCC
4
6/22
186.
33.
0
0
Sample lost
                                       K-4

-------
TABLE K-7.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT
      DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F BASE FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/tan
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2H5)2S, mg/km
(CH3)2S2, rag/tan
3A1F09
C-FTP
3
7/2
32.
5.9
0
0
3A1F13
C-FTP
4
7/6
21.
5.8
0
0
3A1F09
H-FTP
3
7/2
28.
5.2
0
0
3A1F13
H-FTP
4
7/fi
26.
6.4
0
0
3A1H10
HFET
3
7/2
20.
4.3
0
0
3A1H14
HFET
4
7/6
15.
4.8
0
0
3A1N11
NYCC
3
7/2
145.
34.
0
0
3A1N15
NYCC
4
7/6
107.
35.
0
0
TABLE K-8.  ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT
      DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT, EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CH3)2S, mgAm
(C2H5)2S, mg/km
(CH3)2S2, mg/km
3A2F20
C-FTP
1
7/9
27.
5.0
0
0
3A2F24
C-FTP
2
7/10
2.9
4.1
0
0
3A2F20
H-FTP
1
7/9
26.
3.4
0
0
3A2F24
H-FTP
2
7/10
20.
5.9
0
0
3A2H21
HFET
1
7/9
17.
2.8
0
0
3A2H25
HFET
2
7/10
.1.5
2.0
0
0
3A2N22
NYCC
1
7/9
118.
15.
0
0
3A2N26
NYCC
2
7/10
75.
14.
0
0
                          K-5

-------
  TABLE  K-9.   ORGANIC SULFIDE RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL
             WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP, EM-329-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(03)28, mg/Toa
(C2H5)2S, mg/km
(CH3)2S2, mg/km
3B1F01
C-FTP
1
9/17
20.
0.51
0
0
3B1F05
C-FTP
2
9/18
8.3
2.2
0
0
3B1F01
H-FTP
1
9/17
__a
—
—
—
3B1F05
H-FTP
2
9/18
21.
2.1
0
0
3B1H02
HFET
1
9/17
L3.
3.0
C
0
3B1H06
HFET
2
9/18
9.6
1.1
0
0
3B1N03
NYCC
I
9/17
113. ,
26.
.'0
0
3B1N07
NYCC
2
9/18
94.
26.
.0
0
Sample lost during analysis
TABLE K-10.  ORGANIC SULFIDE  RESULTS FOR TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL
            WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP,  EM-469-F FUEL
Test Code No.
Test Type
Run No.
Date (1981)
COS, mg/km
(CH3)2S, mg/km
(C2Hs)2S, mg/km
(013) 282, mg/km
3B2F35
C-FTP
1
9/23
34.
0.15
0
0
3B2F39
C-FTP
2
9/24
35.
8.3
0
0
3B2F35
H-FTP
1
9/23
24.
0.23
0
0
3B2F3S
H-FTP
2
9/24
19.
3.1
0
0
3B2H36
HFET
1
9/23
18.
1.0
0
0
3B2H40
HFET
2
9/24
15.
2.6
0
0
3B2N37
NYCC
1
9/23
164.
12.
0
0
3B2N41
NYCC
2
9/24
137.
43.
0
0
                                 K-6

-------
                       APPENDIX L

                     FORMAL REPORTS
                           FOR
               ANALYSIS OF N-NITROSAMiNES
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F.AND EM-469-F

-------
IP Thermo
K Electron
CORPORATION

Analytical Services Laboratory
101 First Avenue                                                 Telex: 92-3323
Waltham. Massachusetts 02164                                         Cable: TEECORP
(617)890-8700
                                        Decanter 9,  1981
 D. Maritalvo
 Southwest Research Institute
 P.O. Box 28510
 6220 Culebra Road
 San Antonio,  Texas  78284
  Dear Mr. Montalvo:
      In response to your recent inquiry regarding the analysis of
  Thermosorb Air Samplers by TEA Analyzer, I have outlined the conditions
  under which  the analyses were performed.  Should  you desire further
  information,  please do not hesitate to contact me.


                                        Sincerely,
                                        Wing CJ Yu
                                        Manager,  Analytical Services
  WCY/sdg

  Enclosure
                                     L-2

-------
SAMPLE PREPARATION;

     Thermosorbs were eluted with a solution of 25% methanol in
dichloromathans.  1.8ml of the eluant were collected and aliquots were
analysed by GC-TEA or HPLC-TEA, whichever is applicable.
A.  SAMPLE ANALYSIS
Chromatograph:


OoLmn:


Column Tenperature:


Carrier:

Detector:



Attenuation:

Integrator:

Amount Injected:
Hewlett Packard 571QA Gas Chroratograph and
7671A Automatic Sampler

1/4" x 6' Glass 10% Carbowax + 0.5% KDH on
Chroiosorb WHP 800/100 mesh

130eC - 170°C at 4*C/min.. 2 minute hold
at 1708C

He @ 20 cc/min.

TEA" Model 543 Analyzer  (Thermo Electron
Corporation, Analytical Instruments, Waltham,
MA  02254)

x 1

Spectra Physics SP 4000

4.5 ul
 B.  SAMPLE ANALYSIS


 Chromatographs:

 Column:

 Solvent:

 Flow Rate;

 Chart Speed:

 Detector:



 Attenuatjcv:

 Amount Injected:
High Performance Liquid Chromatograph

10 pro 4.6 x 250 mm Lichrosorb Si60

7% acetone, 93% iscoctane

2.0 ml/rain.

0.2 inch/min.

TEA" Model 502 Analyzer (Analytical
Instruments, Thermo Electron Corporation,
Waltham, MA  02254)

x 8

20 ul
                                L-3

-------
     Thermo
     Electron
CORPORATION

Analytical Services Laboratory
125 Second Avenue
Waltham. Massachusetts 02154
(617) 890-8700
                                             Telex: 92-3473
                                             Cable: TEECORP
                        FORMAL REPORT OF ANALYSIS

                                   FOR

                          N-NfTROSO COMPOUNDS
Prepared for
Date:
Southwest  Research Institute
P.O. Box 28510
6220 dulebra Road
San Antonio, TX  78284

Attn:  Karl Springer

May 18, 1981
Report No,

Notebook Page:  A_1020-57
Approved by:.
                   -t-fc
                           ..
                    ^_
               Laboratory Supervisor / /

-------
SUMMARY OF RESULTS  Thermosorbs

Customer Sample  NDMA1    NDEA1   NDPA1  NDBA1  NPIP1   NPYR1  NMOR1
   Number	ng	ng      ng     ng     ng      ng     ng
 17692            -2

 17700

 17701

 .17703
 1.  N-nitroso compounds  in nanograms per thermosorb cartridge.
 2.  N.D.: none detected.
 Lower  limit of detection:  LLD   10   ng per  cartridge for NDMA
                                10   ng per  cartridge for NDEA, NDPA, NPIP,  NPYR,  NMOR
                                10   ng per  cartridge for NDBA

 3.  Trace:  less than  3  x  LLD

.Date of Analysis:  4/29/81,  5/12/81

 Method of Analysis:  HPLC-TEA

 Analyst:   	Pat Stebbins	
         Thermo
                                                        Analytical Services Laboratory
                                         L-5

-------
                 ABBREVIATIONS:

                 NDMA  -  N-nitrosodimethylamirie
                 NDEA  -  N-nitrosodiethylamine
                 NDPA  -  N-nitrosodipropylamine
                 NDBA  -  N-nitroaodibutylamine
                 NPIP  -  N-nitrosopiperidine
                 NPYR  -  N-nitrosopyrrolidine
                 KMOR  -  N-nitrosomorpholine
                 NDE1A -  N-ni.trosodiethanolami.ne
                 NDP1A -  N-nitrosodipropanolamine
                 NDiPlA-  N-nitrosodiisopropanoIamine
                 NNN   -  N-nitrosonornicotine
                 NDCHA -  N-nitro8odicyclohexyl.ami.ne
                 NMA   -  N-nitroso-N-methylaniline
                 NDPhA -  N-nitrosodiphenylamine
                 NPhBA -  N-nitrosophenylbenzylamine
                 NMBA  -  N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine
                 NMDoA -  N-nitrosomethyldodecylamine
                 NMAA  -  N-nitrosomethylalkylaraine
                 NDAA  -  N-nitrosodiamylamine
                 ppt   -   parts-per-thousand  (wg/g  or mg/ml)
                 ppm   -   parts-per-million  (ug/g  or ug/ml)
                 ppb   -   parts-per-billion  (ng/g  or ng/mi)
                 N.D.  -   None  Detected
    i Thermo
    Electron
CORPORATION
Analytical Services Laboratory
                                    L-6

-------
IP Thermo
K Electron
CORPORATION

Analytical Services Laboratory
125 Second Avenue                                                Telex: 92-3473
Waltham. Massachusetts 02154                                         Cable- TEECORP
(617) 8903700
                       FORMAL REPORT OF ANALYSIS

                                   FOR

                          N-NITROSO COMPOUNDS
Prepared for.      Southwest Research Institute
                P.O.  Box 28510
                6220  Culebra Road
                San Antonia, Texas 78284
                Attn:   Karl Springer
Date:            July 13,  1981
Report NOJ       5510-2849

Notebook Page:    A1020-94
Approved by:.

-------
SUMMARY OF  RESULTS   Thermosorbs

Customer  Sample    ND11A1    NDEA1    NDPA1      OT-BA1     NPIP1    KPYR1     NMOR1
    Number	ng	ng	ng	ng	ng	ng	ng
17693
17694
1.  N-nitroso compunds in nanograms per  thermosorb cartridge.
2.  N.D.:   none detected.
Lower limit of detection:  LID     10 ng per  cartridge for  NDMA
                                   10 ng per  cartridge for  NDEA, NDPA, NPIP, NPYR, NMOR
                                   10 ng per  cartridge for  NDBA
3.  Trace:   less than 3 x LLD


Date of Analysis:      7/10/81

Method of  Analysis:    HPLC - TEA

Analysits:     Liuda Cantor	
                                      L-8

-------
     Thermo
     Electron
CORPORATION

Analytical Services Laboratory
125 Second Avenue
Waltham, Massachusetts 0?i54
(617)8903700
                                            Tetex: 92-3473
                                            Cable: TEECOR
                        FORMAL REPORT OF ANALYSIS

                                    FOR

                           N-NITROSO COMPOUNDS
Prepared for       South Research Institute
                 8500 Culebra
                 San Antonio, TX   78284
Date:
September  10,  1981
Report No.:        5510-3029

Notebook Page:    A-1040-26
Approved by:.
                              7
                                      L-9

-------
SUMMARY OF RESULTS  Tharmosorbs

Customer Sample   NDMA1    NDEA1     NDPA1    NDBA1     NPIP1    NPYR1    NMOR1
	 Number	ng	ng.	ng	ng        ng	ng	ng

    17695

    17696
1.  N-nitroso compounds  in nanograms per thermosorb cartridge.
2.  N.D.: none detected.
Lover limit of detection:  ?.Trr>  5 ng per cartridge for NDMA
                               8 ng per cartridge for NDEA, NDPA, NPIP,  NPYR,  NMOR
                              10 ng per cartridge for NDBA

.3.  Trace:  less than  3  x  T.T.T>

Date of Analysis:    9/1/81

Method of Analysis:  GC-TEA

Analysts:  Patricia Stebbins
         Thermo
                                          ""                  Anary«cal

-------
                   ABBREVIATIONS;

                   NDMA  -  N-nitrosodimethylamine
                   NDEA  -  N-nitrosodiethylamine
                   NDPA  -  N-nitrosodipropylamine
                   NDBA  -  N-nitrosodibutylamine
                   NPIP  -  N-nitrosopiperidine
                   NPYR  -  N-nitrosopyrrolidine
                   NMOR  -  N-nitrosomorpholine
                   NDE1A -  N-nitrosodiethanolamine
                   NDPLA -  N-nitrosodipropatvolami.no
                   NDiPlA- '  N-nitrosodiisopropanolamine
                   NNN   -  N-nitrosonornicocine
                   NDCHA -  N-nitrosodicyclohexylamine
                   NMA   -  N-nitroso-N-methylaniline
                   NDPhA -  N-nitrosodiphenylanine
                   NPhBA -  N-nitrosophenylbenzylamine
                   NUBA  -  N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine
                   NMDoA -  N— nitro8O«ethyldode:cylamine
                   NMAA  -  N-aitrosomethylalkylamine
                   NDAA  -  N-nitrosodiasylamJne
                    ppt   -  parts-per-thousand (mg/g or mg/tal)
                    ppm   -  parts-per-million  (ug/g or ug/ml)
                    ppb   -  parts-per-billion  (ng/g or ng/ml)
                    N.D.  -  None Detected
mw Thermo
wz Bectron
CORPORATION
L-ll
Analytical Instruments

-------
     Thermo
     Electron
CORPORATION
Analytical Services Laboratory
125 Second Avenue
Waltham, Massachusetts 02154
(617) 890-8700
                                           Tetex: 92-3473
                                           Cable: TEECORP
                        FORMAL REPORT OF ANALYSIS

                                    FOR

                           N-NfTROSO COMPOUNDS
 Prepared for       Southwest Research  Institute
                  8500 Culebra
                  San Antonio, Texas   78284

                  Attn:  D. Montalvo
 Date:
November 11, 1981
 Report No.:

 Notebook Page:
5510-3191

A1040-53
 Approved by:.
                                       L-12

-------
SUMMARY OF RESULTS:   Thermosorbs
Customer Sample
Number
17698
11824
NDMA1
ng
_2
_
NDEA1
ng

—
NDPA1
ng

_
NDBA1
ng

—
NPIP1
ng

_
NPYR1
ng

j^
NMOR1
ng

l_l
1.  N-n±troso compounds In nanograns per thermosorb cartridge.
2.  N.D.:  None Detected
           Lower Limit of Detection:  LLD  40 ng per cartridge for NDMA
                                           50 ng per cartridge for NDEA, NDPA
                                              NPIP, NPYR, NMOR
                                           80 ng per cartridge for NDBA
Date of Analysis:  11/9/91

Method of Analysis:  HPLC-TEA

Analyst:  Linda Cantor
  Thermo
                                               Analytical Services Laboratory
                                  L-13

-------
                    ABBREVIATIONS;

                    NDMA  -  N-nitrosodimethylardne
                    NDEA  -  N-nitrosodiethylamine
                    NDPA  -  N-nitrosodipropylaninn
                    MDBA  -  N-nitrosodibutylamine
                    NPIP  -  N-nitrosopiperidine
                    NPYR  -  N-nitrosopyrrolidine
                    NMOR  -  N-nitrosomorphoLine
                    NDE1A -  N-nitrosodiethanolamine
                    NDPIA -  N-nitrosodipropanolamine
                    NDiPlA-  N-nitrosodiisopropanolamine
                    NNN   -  N-nitrosonornicotine
                    NDCHA -  N-nitrosodicyclohexylamine
                    NMA   -  N-nitroso-N-taethylaniline
                    NDPhA -  N-nitrosodiphenylamine
                    NPhBA -  N-nitrosophenylbenzylamine
                    NHBA  -  N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine
                    NMDoA -  N-nitrosomethyldodecylamine
                    NMAA  -  N-nitrosomethylalkylamine
                    NDAA  -  N-nitrosodiamylamine
                     ppt   -   parts-per-Chousand  (mg/g  or tag/ml)
                     ppo   -   pcrts-per-million   (ug/g  or ug/ml)
                     ppb   -   parts-per-billion   (ng/g  or ng/ml)
                     N.D.  -   None Detected
    < Thermo
     Electron
CORPORATION
                                    L-14
Analytical Services Laboratory

-------
                       APPENDIX M

                   VISIBLE SMOKE DATA
                           OF
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
I
fo
                                                                                                              n
                                                                                                              a
                                                                                                              o
                                                                                                              
-------
                                                                                                   y
                                                                                                   o
                                                                                                  (0
                                                                                                  0)
                                                                                                  •O
                                                                                                  0)
                                                                                                  (Q
Figure M-2.  Smoke opacity and vehicle  speed vs  time  for the first 505 seconds of a

     cold-start FTP, Fiat, N.A.  diesel,  no aftertreatment,  EM-469-F fuel,  3-23-81

-------
•rl
O
* .

 •i

-------
            Start
                                                                           End
     0 sec.-
                                                                               505 sec.
Figure M-4.   Smoke opacity and vehicle speed vs time for the first 505 seconds of a cold-
         start FTP, Fiat, N.A. diesel  with  catalytic trap, EM-469-F fuel, 4/22/81

-------
                Start
End
          0 sec.-
                                                                                         sec.
Figure M-5.  Smoke opacity and vehicle speed vs time for the first 505 seconds of a cold-
             start FTP, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel, EM-329-F fuel, 5/28/81

-------
                                                                                                    o
                                                                                                    .c
                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                    W
                                                                                                    0)
                                                                                                    •o
                                                                                                    0)
                                                                                                    ft
             •Start
                                                                                End
        0 s'ec.
                                                                                     505  sec.
Figure M-6.  Smoke opacity and vehicle speed vs time  for  the  first  505 seconds of  a. cold-
             start FTP, 1981 Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel, EM-4G9-F  fuel, 6/24/81

-------
f
CD
                                                                                                             I
                                                                                                             V)
                                                                                                             
-------
O
HJ

8-
              Start
                                                                               End
        0 sec
505 sec
     Figure  M-8.  Smoke opacity  and  vehicle  speed vs  time  for the  first 505 seconds of a cold-

             start FTP, Fiat   T.C. diesel, no  aftertreatment, EM-469-F fuel, 7-16-81

-------
h-1
O
                                                                                                            14

                                                                                                            HI
                                                                                                            ft
                                                                                                            0)
                                                                                                            r-t
                                                                                                            *
                  0 sec
              Figure M-9 .   Smoke  opacity and vehicle speed vs time for the first 505 seconds of a

                 cold-start FTP,  Fiat T.C.  diesel with catalytic trap,. EM-329-F fuel, 9-22-81

-------
f
   >.
   +j

   •d
   (S
   I
                                                                                                          a
                                                                                                          o


                                                                                                          M

                                                                                                          S,

                                                                                                          01
                                                                                                          ta
                                                                                                         -o
                                                                                                          
-------
                       APPENDIX N

                   ELEMENTAL ANALYSES
                           OF
                   PARTICULATE MATTER
                       OBTAINED ON
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
       TABLE N-l.   ELEMENTAL ANALYSES  OF P ARTICULATE MATTER FROM
         NATURALLY-ASPIRATED 'FIAT DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMENT,
                        FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Teat Type
Test Code
Fuel Code
Run No.
Date (1981)
Elements, ag/ka
Sodium
Sulfur
Vaeadium
Nickel
Mercury
Magnesium
Chlorine
Chromium
Copper
Tin
Lead
Aluminum
Potassium
Manganese
Zinc
Antimony
Silicon
Calcium
Iron
Selenium
Sariua
Phosphorus
Titanium
Bromine
Platinum
Strontium c
Molybdenum0
Tungsten c
Arsenic c
Total Percent
of Particulate
Rate
Vehicle
Particulate
Rate, ng/tair*
4-bao FTP
1A329F
EM-329-F
5
1/30

-**
1.6s
-
—
-
0.04
0.01
-
-
-
-
0.03
0.01
-
0.16
-
0.09
0.17
0.34
-
0.02
0.10
0.01
-
-
.
.
-
-


1.7


120.
1A2F29
EH-469-P
2
2/18

0.02
0.81
-
—
-
0.04
0.01
0.04
-
0.01
-
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.17
0.01
0.06
0.13
0.22
-
0.01
0.09
0.01
0.03
-
_•
.
-
-


1.5


116.
HT
1A329B
EM-329-F
5
1/30

•
0.31
—
••
-
0.01
0.01
o.oa
-
•
-
0.01
-
0.04
-
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.04
-
0.01
0.02
-
0.00
0.00
.
-
-
-


1.5


40.
ET
1A2H30
EH-469-F
2
2/18

0.02
0.48
-
—
-
0.01
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
0.07
-
0.02
O.O3
0.08
-
.0.01
o.os
-
0.08
-
-
-
-
-


1.3


67.
NYCC
1A328H
EM-329-F
5
1/30

0.21
1.87
-
'"
-
0.09
-
0.41
-
-
-
O.OS
-
0.22
0.33
0.04
0.21
0.35
0.57
-
0.09
0.25
-
•
-
-
-
-
-


2.1


228.
1A2N31
EM-469-F
2
2/18

-
1.47
-
-
-
0.09
-
0.18
-
-
.
-
-
-
0.29 '
-
0.16
0.17
0.36
-
0.03
0.22
-
0.36
-
-
-
-
-


1.6


207.
85 knh
1A329S
EM-329-F
5
1/30

-
0.2!
-
• -
_
0.01
-
0.06
0.01
•-
_
_
0.01
-
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
..-
-
0.02
-
0.09
-
-
-
-
-


1.7


30.
1A2S32
EH-469-F
2
2/18

0.01
0.11
<-.
-
.
0.01
-
0.04
0.01
-
.
_
0.01
0.02
0.02
-.
0.01
0.01
0.02
-
-
• o.oi
-
o.os
-
-
-
•-
-


1.7


21.
Abased on data from 47mm Fluoropore filter data
_0.00 nxj/tan
"elements studied,  but not sought in this particular analysis
Note:  Cobalt analyzed  for, but not found.
                                       N-2

-------
      TABLE N-2.   ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OP PARTICULATE MATTER FROM
        NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP,
                      FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Test Type
T«it Cod*
Fuel Cod*
Run No.
Date (1981)
Element*, ogAa
Sodiua
Sulfur
Vanadium
Nickel
r»*mi trm
Mercury
Magaeeiua
Chlorine
Chromiua
Copper
Tin
Lead
Aluainua
Pota»iua
Manganese
Zinc
Antiaony
Silicon
Calcium
Iron
Selenium
Bariua
Phoephoru*
Titanium
Bromine
Platinum
Strontium
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Arsenic
Total Percent
of Particulate
Bate
vehicle
Particulate
Sate, ng/tan*
4-bag FTP
1B1F54
EM-329-F
3
4/9

_b
0.25
-
-
-
-
0.03
-
-
•
0.01
-
0.05
0.01
«_
0.04
-
3.11
0.07
0.26
*
0.01
0.06
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-


3.4


27.
1B2F72
EM-469-F
3
4/20

-
0.23
-
-
-
-
0.03
0.01
-
-
-
-
0.04
0.01
-
0.05
-
0.11
0.11
0.26
-
0.01
0.01
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
—


3.1


23.
HFET
1B1H55
EM-329-F
3
4/9

-
1.72
-
-.
-
-
0.01
-
-
•
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.03
-
0.02
0.03
0.08
-
0.01
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
0.06
—


6.6


30.
1B2H73
EM-469-P
3
4/20

-
1.32
-
-
-
-
0.01
'
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.04
-
3.02
0.04
0.04
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-
—


6.5


23.
HYCC
1B1N56
EM-329-F
3
4/9

-
0.70
-
-
-
-
0.08
-
-
-
-
-
0.15
-
-
0.10
-
0.35
0.27
0.39
-
0.06
-
0.04
-
-
-
-
-
"


4.1


64.
1B2N74
EM-469-F
3
4/20

-
0.70
-
-
0.02
-
0.08
-
-
-
-
-
0.12
-
-
0.11
-
0.31
0.39
1.07
-
0.06
-
0.04
-
-
-
-
-
"


5.5


53.
85 kph
1B1S57
EM-329-F
3
4/9

-
3.62
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
0.04
-
0.31
0.01
0.01
-
0.01
0.01
-
-
-

-
0.03
"


6.6


57.
1B2S75
EM-469-F
3
4/20

-
2.64
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
.
-
0.03
-
0.01
0.01
0.01
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
"


11.3


23.
Jbaaed on data from 47nm Fluoropore filter data
 0.00 ng/tan
Notei Cobalt analyzed for, but not found.
                                    N-3

-------
    TABLE N-3.   ELEMENTAL ANALYSES OF PARTICULATE  MATTER FROM 1981
        OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL, FUEL EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Test Typ«
Test Coda
Fuel Code
Run Mo.
Date (1981)
Elements, tag/km
Sodiun
Sulfur
Vanadiua
Hi deal
Cadmium
Hercury
Magnesium
Chlorine
Chromium
Copper
Tin
Lead
Aluminum
Potassium
Manganese
Zinc
Antimony
Silicon
Calcium
Iron
Saleniua
Barium
Phosphorus
Titanium
Bromine
Platinum
Strontium
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Arsenic
Total Percent
of Particulate
Data
Vehicle
Particulate
Pate, mg/lon*
4-bag FTP
2JUF01 I
EM-329-F
1
5/21

_b
0.78
0.01
-
-
-
0.01
0.01
0.01
-
-
-
0.01
-
0.01
0.03
-
0.01
0.04
0.16
-
-
c.os
-
-
-
-
-
-
-


1.2


97.

EM-469-F
3
6/19

-
0.92
0.01
-
-
-
0.01
0.02
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
0.01
-
0.06
-
o.os
0.14
0.49
-
0.01
0.05
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-


1.3


136.
HTET
2A1H02 1
EN-329-F
1
5/21

-
1.09
-
-
-
-
0.01
0.02
0.09
-
0.01
-
-
-
0.06
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.09
-
0.01
0.04
0.01
-
.
-
-
-
-


1.5


100.
2A2H27
EM-469-F
3
6/19

-
0.98
-
-
-
-
-
0.01
0.06
0.01
-
0.10
0.01
-
0.05
0.03
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.18
-
0.01
0.03
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-


1.4


110.
NtCC
2A1N03
EH-329-F
1
5/21

-
1.79
0.09
-
-
-
0.04
0.03
0.39
-
-
-
-
-
0.22
-
-
0.05
0.1S
0.22
0.35
0.67
0.16
0.03
-
-
-
-
-
—


1.7


217.
2A3N28 	
EM-469-F
3
6/19

-
2.29

-
-
-
0.08
0.04
• 0.53
-
-
0.98
-
-
0.32
0.07
-
0.09
0.18
0.29
-
.
0.21
-
- 0.51
.
.
-
-
-


1.7


322.
as kph
11 '2A1S04 '
EM-329-F
1
5/21

-
0.79
-
-
-
-
-
0.02
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
0.01
- '
-
0.01
0.04
-
.
-
-
-
-


1.4


66.
"JAZSTg1"
EM-469-F
3
6/19

-
0.79
.
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
0.01
0.03
.
0.01
0.01
0.03
-
.
0.02
-
-
-
-
-
-
-


1.3


72.
Abased on data froa 47na Fluoropore-filter data
 0.00 ing/km
Note:  Cobalt analyzed for, but not found.
                                      N-4

-------
 TABLE N-4.  ELEMENTAL ANALYSES OF PARTICULATE MATTER FROM TURBOCHARGED
         FIAT DIESEL WITHOUT AFTERTREATMENT, EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Test Type
Test Code
Fuel Code
Run Mo.
Date (1981)
Elements* mg/ka
Sodium
Sulfur
v&n&diun
Nickel
Mercury
Magnesium
Chlorine
Chromium
Copper
Tin
Lead
Aluminum
Potassium
Manganese
Zinc
Antimony
Silicon
Calcium
Iron
Selenium
Barium
Phosphorus
Titanium
Bromine
Platinum
Strontium
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Arsenic

Total Percent
of Particulata
Rate
Vehicle
Parti cnlate
Rate, ng/km*
4-bao FTP
3A1F01
EM-329-F
1
6/26

Jo
1.21
0.01
-
-
0.02
-
0.01
-
0.01
-
0.03
-
-
0.08
-
0.04
0.11
0.50
.
0.01
0.06
0.01
-
-
_
0.01
-
-


3.0


71.
3A2F20
EM-469-F
1
7/9

-
0.79
-
—
-
0.02
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.09
-
0.01
0.09
0.19
-
-
-
-
-
-
•
-
-
-


2.1


58.
H7ET
3A1H02
EM-329-F
1
6/26

-
0.83
-
—
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
0.01
0.02
-
-
-
0.02
-
-
-
-
-
-
-


2.2


41.
3A2U21
EM-469-F
1
7/9

-
O.S9
-
—
-
0.01
-
-
.
-
-
-
-
-
0.04
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
0.04
0.04
-
—


2.5


30.
NYCC
3A1N03
EM-329-F
1
6/26

-
1.44
-
—
-
0.07
-
-
-
-
- .
0.04
-
-
0.02
3A1N22
EM-469-F
1
7/9

-
0.94
-
—
r.
0.06
-
-
-
-
-
0.01
-
. -
85 kph
3A1S04
EM-329-F
1
6/26

-
.0.77
0.01
—
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.16 ! 0.01
i
0.09
-
0.28 { 0.19
0.40
_
-
0.11
0.01
-
-•
~
0.30
0.04
— •
.
-
0.09
"
-
-
-
-
-
—
i

2.4


118.

1.3


114.
-
-
0.01
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-
—


2.6


31.
3 JUS 2 3
EM-469-F
1
7/9

-
0.56
-
—
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
—
-
0.02
•
-
0.01
-
-
-
0.01
-
-•
-
-
-
-
"


2.0-


30.
rbased on data from 47ran Fluoropore filter data
 0.00 mg/taa
Note:  Cobalt analyzed for, but not found.
                                       N-5

-------
TABLE N-5.  ELEMENTAL ANALYSES OF  PARTICULATE MATTER FROM TURBOCHARGED
      FIAT DIESEL WITH CATALYTIC TRAP, FUELS  EM-329-F AND EM-469-F
Test Type
Test Code
Fuel Cod*
Run No.
Date (1981)
Elements , mg/ka
Sodium
Sulfur
Vanadium
Nickel
Mercury
Magnesium
Chlorine
Chromium
Copper
Tin
lead
Aluminum
Potassium
Manganese
Zinc
Antimony
Silicon
Calcium
Iron
Selenium
Barium
Phosphorus
Titanium
Bromine
Platinum
Strontium
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Arsenic
Total Percent
of Particulate
Rate
Vehicle
Particulate
Rate, mg/Jcm*
4-bao FTP
3B1F01
EM-329-F
1
9/17

-
0.44
-
-
.
o.oi
0.01
0.01
-
-
-
0.26
-
-
0.09
-
-
0.07
0.41
-
-
0.04
-
-
_
_
-
-
-


2.6


51
3B2P39
EM-469-F
2
9/24

-
0.51
-
-
.
0.02
-
-
-
-
-
0.08
-
-
0.11
-
-
0.06
0.16
-
-
0.03
-
-
.
_
-
-
—


2.0


49
HFET
3B1H02
EM-329-F
1
9/17

-
0.37
-
-
-
-
0.01
0.03
-
-
-
0.01
-
0.04
0.03

-
•-
0.03
-
—
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
-
—


1.8


30
3B2R40
EM-469-F
2
9/24

-
1.77
-
-
.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.04
-
-
-
2.63
-
-
0.01
-
-
-
-
-
—
"


9.5


47
HYCC
3B1H03
EM-329-F
1
9/17

-
0.59
-
-
.
-
-
0.1-3
-
-
-
0.45
-
-
0.30
-
-
-
0.65
-
-
0.08
-
-
-
-
-
—
"


2.9


75
3B2N41
EM-469-F
2
9/24

-
0.74
-
-
_
-
-
0.37
-
-
-
0.12
-
0.19
0.14
0.02
-
-
0.26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
—



2.4


76
85 fcph
3B1S04
EM-329-F
1
9/17

-
1.01
-
-
.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.05
-
-
-
0.01
-
-
0.01
-
*
-
0.05
0.11
"



3.9


32
3B2S42
EM-469-F
2
9/24

-
2.26
-
-
.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.02
-
-
-
0.02
—
-
-
—
—
-
-
-
"



7.0


33
•based on data from 47mm Fluoropore filter data
bo.00 ag/ka
Notes  Cobalt analysed for, but not found.
                                      N-6

-------
          APPENDIX O

ORGANIC SOLUBLES BOILING RANGE
       AND CHROMATOGRAMS

-------
    TABLE O-l.  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSISa  OF  ORGANIC SOLUBLES IN PARTICULATE MATTER,
             FIAT N.A. DIESEL, NO AFTERTREATMEtJT,  FUELS EK-329-F AND EM-469-F

Distillation
Point
IBP
10% point
20* point
30% point
40% point
50% point
60% point
70% point
80% point
90% point
EP
Recovery, %
@ Temperature, °C
Temperature in C° by Cycle and Fuel,
4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
301
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
_..
—
—
4.2
64O
EM-469-F
322
440
—
—
—
—
—
—

—
—
17.5
S31
HFET
EH-329-F
338
423
• 489
640
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
29.9
640
EM-469-F
306
401
445
492
—

—
—
—
—
--
36.3
531
NYCC
EM-329-F
372
400
420
442
464
496
—
—
—
—
—
56.4
530
EM-469-F
301
372
388
401
413
425
437
449
463
477
492
120
493

85 kph
EM-329-F
316
411
464
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
29.0
530
EM-469-F
324
378
396
413
430
449
468
493
525
621
—
90.6
640
by modified ASTM 02887-73 simulated distillation

-------
     TABLE O-2.  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH ANALYSIS  OF ORGANIC SOLUBLES IN FARTICULATE MATTER,
              FIAT N.A. DIESRL WITH CATALYTIC TRAP,  FUELS  EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

Distillation
Point
IBP
10% point
20% point
30% point
40% point
50% point
60% point
70% point
80% point
90% point
EP
Recovery, %
@ Temperature, °C
Temperature in C* by Cycle and Fu<»l
'4-bag FTP
EM-329-F
340
389
412
435
464
508
557
589
—
—
—
75.6
603
EM-469-F
319
380
402
424
451
492
557
615
—
—
--
72.0
640
HFET
EM-329-F
361
426
470
530
582
—
—
—
—
—
—
47.0
603
EM-469-F
378
423
466
566
615
—
—
—
—
~
—
41.6
639
NYCCb
EM-329-F
^^
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
__
— -
EM-469-F
^,m
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
__
—
85 t
EM-329-F
350
425
471
525
582
—
—
—
—
—
—
45.0
603
cph
EM-469-F
400
476
597
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
26.2
638
\>y modified ASTM D2887-73 simulated distillation
 insufficient sample  for  analysis

-------
                              5 ftin II 0 I) 0 0 Tl 0 3 11 3 u if Dili i 0 0 u 0 Ifn II 'I 0 1 mi ifi ii
Figure  O-l.  "Altamont" crude oil chromatogram..

-------
                                                                     ctccr c c t. c t c i" ; ; c c ( c (
Figure 0-2.  Chromatogran of organic solubles from particulate matter, Fiat T.C. vehicle
        without exhaust aftertreatment opeirated on 4-bag FTP with  EM-329-F fuel.

-------
?
a\
           Figure O-3.   Chromatogram of organic solubles from particulate matter,  Fiat T.C:  vehicle
                         with catalytic trap operated on 4-bag FTP with EM-329-F fuel.

-------
                                                                  •I •) I 1 ) •
Figure O-4i  Chromatogram of EMi-329-F fuel.

-------
                       APPENDIX P

              FORMAL AMES BIOASSAY  REPORTS
FIAT N.A., FIAT T.C., AND 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS  DIESELS
               FUELS EM-329-F AND EM-469-F

-------
        SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

i    I    FO. BOX 28147   W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY DR.   SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE (5121 674-1410
                                                           April  10, 1981
                               Final Report
                                    1A329

       In Vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal Mutagenicity Assay of Four
      Samples  Received  from Southwest Research Institute and Generated
     from a  Naturally Aspirated Fiat w/o a Catalyst using EM-329-f Fuel
  Submitted  by:
           Arnaldo J.  Noyola, M.A.
           Assistant Research Scientist
           Southwest Foundation for Research and Education
           P. 0. Box 28147
           W. Loop 410 at Military Drive
           San Antonio, Texas 78284

                     />—*
                   //

                 «/-
           Nathan D. Greene, Ph.D.
           Principal Investigator
           Department of Behavioral and Environmental Sciences
                                   p-2

-------
                              Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples
for mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassa.y.   The
samples  were identified as 4874-1  filters no. 24 and 25 with a weight of
0.709 g, 4874-2 filter no. 21 with a weight of 0.450 g, 4874-3 filter no.
22 with  a weight of 0.0464 g, and  4874-4 filter no.  35 with a weight of
0.573 g.  An aroclor 1254-stimulated, rat liver homogenate metabolic
activation system (S-9 mix) was included 1n sample 4874-1  filters  no. 24
and 25 using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, and TA 1538.   In addition,
the same sample was tested in the  absence of a metabolic activation system
using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples no.
4874-2 filter no. 21, 4874-3 filter no. 22, and 4874-4 filter no.  35 were
tested using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation
system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and tested
at seven levels of sample concentration consisting of 20,  60, 100, 200,
400, 600, and 1,000 yg/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in
triplicate plates with and without.a metabolic activation  and on specific
tester strains as indicated in the above paragraph.   A complete set of
positive and negative controls was incorporated into the bioassay  to
illustrate that the system is working well within expected optimum ranges.
Finally, an identical repeat of the above samples and controls was con-
ducted as a standard procedure to  compare and evaluate the data.

                                 Results

     In  the initial bioassay, the  results indicate that the negative and
positive controls are well within  the optimum range established for our
laboratory.  The known positive mutagens which we routinely.use on specific
tester strains with and without a  metabolic activation system clearly
illustrate the ability, of the tester strains to .incorporate mutagens into
their genetic structure causing a  significant increase in  the number of
revertants over the negative controls (Table 1).

     Sample 4874-1  filters 24 and  25 showed a negative mutagenic response
using tester strain TA 1535 when exposed to the seven sample concentrations
in the absence of an S-9 mix.  TA  1537 minus S-9 mix shows an almost linear
mutagenic response progressively up to a sample concentration of 400 yg/
plate.  TA 1538 minus S-9 mix illustrates a higher mutagenic response when
treated  with the same sample concentration.  TA 98 minus S-9 mix shows an
even higher mutagenic response with a slope of 0.79 which  is four  times
greater  than the slope for TA 1537.

     In  the presence of a metabolic activation system, sample 4874-1
filters  24 and 25 shows a weak mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.
However, the same sample with S-9  mix at identical chemical  concentrations
produced strong mutagenic responses on TA 1538 and TA 98 with slopes of
0.87 and 1.05, respectively.
                                  P-3

-------
                                                               REPORT  1A329
                 TABLE  1.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)
                  EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F  BASE FUEL  DURING FTP
 Sample Identification

Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
  (filter blank)
           Metabolic
Dose (pg)/
  plate
                                                                              Nuinbcr of Rcvcrtanta Per Plate
Activation
S-9
No
Yes
No
, TA 1535
1
25
11
24
2
25
22
23
3
24
18
19
Avg
25
17
22
1
7

11
TA 1537
2
11

15
3
7

15
Avg
8

14
1
15
15
24
TA 1538
2
a
16
24
3
6
11
26
Avg
10
14
25
1
25
30
41
TA
2
20
28
45
98
3
20
37
41

Avg
22
32
42
Positive Controls
  NaN-,
  9AA
  2NF
  2AA
Sample 1,
P20-24 & 25
 Bevertants/tig extract"

 Sample 1,
 P20-24 & 25
 Revertants/Ug extract*
0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
YDS
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
293
268
20
16
25
15
24
21
33
277
292
20
24
30
27
27
23
25
285
319
24
19
26
18
24
18
27
285
293
21
20
27
20
25
21
28
148

13
13
17
37
94
146
IB')
146

12
14
23
56
76
152
190
132

7
13
26
40
78
127
161
142

11
13
22
44
83
142b
180b
1825
380
28
39
46
118
227
264
291
1824
382
26
43
60
100
237
287
290
1803
304
17
34
66
90
212
237
240
1817
355
24
39
57
103
225
263b
274b
1984
2652
36
56
93
142
351
475
542
1744
2687
38
59
86
128
332
412
501
1891
2695
34
63
88
146
329
423
472
1873
2678
36
59
89
139
337
437b
505b
                                                                0.00
                                                                0.19
                                                                                       0.53
                                                                                                              0.79
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Yes
Yea
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
8
16
19
18
29
44
66
11
15
15
23
9
35
59
8
19
17
17
17
41
57
9
17
17
19
18
40
61
36
69
92
160
380
475
551
34
78
90
203
340
429
610
16
55
94
149
366
469
649
29
67
92
171
362
458b
603b
57
123
122
238
493
657
954
60
105
115
222
482
684
902
37
97
95
239
447
601
936
51
108
111
233
474
647
931b
                                                                0.05
                                                                                                              0.87
                                                                                                                                     l.OS
  This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract since
 .the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
  Not included in slope determination.

-------
     Table 2 shows the results obtained from lha other three samples
tested using TA 98 in the absence of an S-9 mix.  In the initial  bioassay
sample 4874-2 filter 21  illustrates an almost linear mutagenic response
with a resulting slope of 0.77 revertants/wg extract.  Sample 4874-3
filter 22 shows a slightly higher mutagenic response than the previous
sample.  Finally, sample 4874-4 filter 35 shows the lesser mutagenic
response than the other two samples tested on TA 98.

     Table 3 and Table 2 show the results of the complete identical
repeat of the four samples tested in the bioassay.  The repeated  positive
and negative controls almost conclusively duplicate the revertant numbers
specific for each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay
described in Table 1.  In the repeat study without S-9 mix, TA 1535  showed
a negative response to sample no. 4874-1 filters 24 and 25 which  is  in
agreement with the results obtained in the initial study.  TA 1537 minus
S-9 mix shows a resulting slope of 0.15 which is similar to slope of 0.19
obtained earlier in the initial study.  TA 1538 shows a lesser mutagenic
response to sample 4874-1 filters 24 and 25 in the repeat study as compared
to the initial assay; however, TA 98 in the repeat study shows an average
number of 347 revertants at a sample concentration of 400 ug/plate and in
the initial study under identical sample concentrations TA 98 showed an
average number of 337 revertants.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system the above sample
results compared favorably with the results obtained from the initial
bioassay.  In the repeat study TA 1535 shows a slope of 0.04 which is  in
agreement with a slope of 0.05 of the initial assay.  TA 1538 illustrates
a slope of 0.83 as compared to a slope of 0.87 obtained in the initial
bioassay and finally, TA 98 shows a slope of 1.00 as compared to  a slope
of 1.05 of the initial study.

     Table 2 shows the results of the initial and repeat studies  on  sample
4874-2 filter 21, 4874-3 filter 22, and 4874-4 filler 35 using tester
strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  The data 1n
Table 2 clearly illustrate the reproducibility of results.  Sample 4874-2
filter 21 shows a slope of 0.77 in both the initial and the repeat study.
Sample 4874-3 filter 22 shows a slope of 0.86 and 0.90.  The last sample,
4874-4 filter 35 shows a slope of 0.39 and a slope of 0.44 in the repeat
study.
                                  P-5

-------
                                                 REPORT  1A329
TABLE  2.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL 6  REPEAT WITHOUT S-9)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL
    (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST PARTICULARS ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-329-F  BASE FUEL
                                       DURING HFET,  NYCC,  AND  85  KPH
                                                            TA98, Number of Revertanta Pnr Plate
       	Dose.(Mg)/nlato
           Initial0

               20
               60
              100
              200
              400
              600
             1000

        Rovertants/pg extract*

             Repeatd
               20
              . 60
              100
              200
              400
              600
              1000

        Revertants/ug extract*
Metabolic
Activation
S-9
.No
No
No
No
No
No
No

No
No
No
No
No
No
No

HFET
, Sample 2,
1
28
45
77
175
321
468
681

32
44
70
167
330
483
781

2
33
58
67
168
289
•D15
725

38
34
65
196
339
449
770

, P20-21
3
34
48
61
166
259
458
600

28
43
64
167
292
460
672

Avg
32
50
68
170
290
480
669b
0.77
33
40
66
177
320 •
464
741b
0.77
NYCC
Sample 3
1
29
66
68
194
345
538
709

20
52
C2
166
366
514
763

2
28
66
72
178
337
493
754

23
57
57
185
361
557
735

, P20-22
27
60
81
172
386
524
703

27
59
68
190
408
514
690

Avg
28
64
74
181
J56
510
722b
0.86
23
56
62
180
378
52B
729b
0.90
05 kph
Sample 4
1
21
38
36
67
166
248
437

21
26
45
70
194
290
481

2
18
42
57
87
161
254
412

12
31
41
04
155
273
408

, P20-35
3
20
51
45
73
141
252
391

22
24
42
89
168
23B
366

Avg
20
44
4k
76
156
251
413b
0.39
18
27
43
81
172
267
418b
0.44
         This value is  the. slope of the regression line based on various extract dose  levels and does not  identify
         response at a  particular extract since the response is not completely linear  over the entire concentration used.
        bNot included in slope determination.
        clnitial TA-98  media, solvent,  and positive controls used'as per Table 1.
        ^Repeat TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 3.

-------
                                                               REPORT  1A329
                  TABLE 3.   AMES  BIOAWWAY  (REPEAT)  OF NATRUALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)
                  EXHAUST PARTICIPATE ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH  EM-329-F BASE  FUEL DURING  FTP
Dose pef'
Sample Identification Plate













TJ
-J






Media control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positivo Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 1 ,
P20-24 6 25




Revertants/lig extract*
Sample If
P20-24 i. 25









0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
Yes
No

No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Voa
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Povertants/Ug  extract*
                                                 	TA  1535	   	TA  1537	
                                          	    1     2     3    Avg    1     2     3    Hvg
                                                                              Number of Bevertanta Per Plate
                                                                                                     TA 1538
                                                                                                                             TA 98
                                              2     3    Avg    1     2     3    Avq
                                                 22
                                                 16
                                                 18
                                                253
11
 7
13
 9    14
11    11
 7    13
                                                      268   254   258
                                                                        10
                                                                       134
                                                                                   10
                                                                             101    120
10
 7
29
10
 8
23
10
11
20
10
 9
24
17
20
32
17
27
38
16
23
37
                                                                                        118
                                                314    287   317   306
17
23
36
                                                                                             1358  1400  1404  13B7  1538  1621   1495  1551
                                                                                              938   862  1015   938  2189  2159   2145  2164
11
IS
12
18
13
14
15

12
13
9
22
21
30
42
9
17
14
14
13
16
15

12
a
11
13
20
32
43
11
11
15
14
12
16
11

10
12
12
12
23
33
59
11
14
14
15
13
15
14
0.00
11
11
11
16
21
32
43
7
14
16
34
78
92
173






10
10
18
27
57
75
132






12
12
16
30
65
79
13J






10
12
17
30
67
82b
148b
0.15





20
30
51
91
97
205
265

42
69
83
166
386
970
589
12
37
37
59
125
174
241

34
61
94
167
356
471
604
13
30
35
76
136
185
209

31
54
96
175
308
471
608
15
32
41
75
119
188b
230b
0.27
36
61
91
169
350
471b
600b
38
51
91
189
331
451
452

50
78
99
212
447
617
845
21
57
101
171
325
410
436

45
64
97
217
429
585
847
24
64
72
176
385
413
425

38
71
107
233
472
596
831
28
57
88
179
347
425b
438b
0.85
44
71
101
221
449
599
84 lb
                                                                0.04
                                                                                                              0.83
                                                                                                                                     1.00
 This value is  the slope of the regression  line based on various extract dose levels and docs not identify response at a particular extract since
 the response is  not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
bNot included in  slope determination.

-------
         SOUTHWEST  FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH AND  EDUCATION

    -r    P.O. BOX 28147  «. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY OR.   SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE (512) 674-1410
^•vV
                                                           April 10, 1981
                                Final  Report
                                   1A469
       In Vitro Ames  Salmonella/microsomal Mutugenicity Assay of Four
      Samples  Received  from Southwest  Research Institute and Generated
     from a Naturally aspirated  Fiat w/o a Catalyst using EM-469-f Fuel
  Submitted  by:
           Arnaldo J. Noyola, M.A.
           Assistant Research Scientist
           Southwest Foundation for Research and Education
           P. 0. Box 28147
           W. Loop 410 at Military Drive
           San Antonio, Texas 78284
  Approved by:
           Nathan" D." Greene, Ph.D.
           Principal Investigator
           Department of Behavioral and Environmental  Sciences
                                   p-8

-------
                              Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples
for mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.  The
samples were identified as 4874-5 filters no. 51 and 52 with a weight of
0.593595 g, 4874-6 filter no. 53 with a weight of 0.375945 g, 4874-7
filter no. 54 with a weight of 0.073181 g, and 4874-8 filter no. 55 with
a weight of 0.571060 g.  A aroclor 1254-stimulated, rat liver homogenate
metabolic activation system was included in sample 4874-5 filters no. 51
and 52 using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition,
sample 4874-5 filters no. 51 and 52 was tested in the absence of a metabolic
activation system using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.
Samples no. 4874-6 filter no. 53, 4874-7 filter no. 54, and 4874-8.fiHer
no. 55 were tested using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic
activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and tested
at seven levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200,
400, 600, and 1,000 yg/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in
triplicate plates with and without a metabolic activation and on specific
tester strains as indicated in the above paragraph.  A complete set of
positive and negative controls was incorporated into the bioassay to
illustrate that the system is working well within optimum ranges.  Finally,
an identical repeat of the above samples and controls was conducted as a
standard procedure to compare and evaluate the data.

                                 Results

     In the initial bioassay, the results indicate that..the negative and
•positive controls are well within the optimum range established for our
laboratory.  The known positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific
tester strains with and without a metabolic activation system clearly
illustrate the ability of the tester strains to incorporate mutagens into
their genetic structure causing a significant increase in the number of
revertants over the negative controls .(Table 1).

     Sample 4874-5 filters 51 and 52 showed no mutagenicity on tester
strain 1535 when exposed to the seven chemical concentrations in the absence
of an S-9 mix.  TA 1537 minus S-9 mix shows an almost linear increase in
the number of revertants up to a chemical concentration of 600 yg/plate.
At 1,000 yg/plate, toxicity is evident as the number of revertants begin
to decline.  TA 1538 minus S-9 mix illustrates a slope of 0.54 revertants/yg
extract at chemical concentrations up to 400 yg/plate.  At higher chemical
concentrations toxicity is observed.  TA 98 minus S-9 mix 'illustrates a  .
strong mutagenic response as evident in the slope of 1.39 revertants/yg
of extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, TA 1535 shows a weak mutagenic
response over its negative control background.  TA 1538 and TA 98 in the
presence of an S-9 mix show a strong mutagenic response as evident in their
slopes of 1.30 and 1.48, respectively.
                                  p-9

-------
                                                              REPORT 1A4S9
               TABIJ-; 1-   AMES BIOASSAY (INITIAL)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED  FIAT DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)
                    EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL  DURING  FTP


Sample. Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
Naltj
9AA
2NF
2&A
Sample 5
P20-51 £ 52




1
° Hevortants/lig extract8
Sample 5
P.'p-Sl £ 52






Dose 
-------
     Table 2 shows the results obtained from the other three samples tested
using TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial
bioassay, sample 4874-6 filter no. 53 shows the highest mutagenic response
of the three samples tested.  At 600 yg/plate, there were an average of
746 revertants/plate with a given slope of 1.18 revertants/yg of extract.
Sample 4874-7 filter no. 54 shows a lesser mutagenic response than the
previous sample.  Sample 4874-8 filter no. 55 shows an even lesser mutagenic
response than the previous two samples, consequently showing a reduction
in the slope of 0.61 revertancs/yg extract.

     Table 3 and Table 2 show the results of the complete identical repeat
of the four samples tested in the bioassay.  The repeated positive and
negative controls almost conclusively duplicate the reyertant numbers
specific for each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay
described in Table 1.  In the repeat study without S-9 mix, TA'1535 .showed
a negative response when exposed to sample no. 4874-5 filters no. 51  and
52 at seven different chemical levels.  The same sample minus S-9 mix
using TA 1537 showed a slope of 0.27 which is almost identical to a slope
of 0.26 of the initial bioassay.  The repeat study of the same sample
using TA 1538 showed an average of 280 revertants/plate at a chemical
concentration of 400 ng/plate which is similar to the results obtained
from the initial study of 229 revertants/plate'at the same chemical con-
centration.  Finally, in the absence of the S-9 mix TA 98 shows the highest
level of mutagenicity when exposed to sample 4874-5 filters 51 and 52.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system the above sample
results compared favorably with the.results of the initial bioassay.   TA
1535 shows a slope of 0.07 as compared to 0.07 of the initial study.   TA
1538 illustrates a slope of 1.11 as compared to 1.30 of the first study
and finally, TA 98 shows a slope of 1.17 as compared to 1.48 of the initial
study.

     Table 2 shows the results of the initial .and repeat bioassays on
samples 4874-6 filter no. 53, 4874-7 filter no. 54, and 4874-8 filter
no. 55 using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation
system.  The repeat study confirms sample 4874-6 filter no. 53 as having
the highest-mutagenic response when compared to the other two samples;
Sample 4874-7 filter no. 54 shows a slope of 0.87 revertants/yg extract in
the repeat study which compares favorably with the slope of 0.85 for the
initial bioassay.  Finally, the lowest mutagenic response is illicited by
sample 4874-8 filter no. 55 as evident in both the initial and repeat studies.
                                  •p-ll

-------
                                         REPORT 1A469
TABLE 2.  AMES BIOASSAY (INITIAL &  REPEAT WITHOUT S-9) OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL
       (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL
                                DURING  HFET,  NYCC, AND 85 KPH

                                                  TA98, Number of Revortanta Per Plate
Metabolic
I1PET
NYCC
Activation, Sample 6 , P20-
Dose, (u
-------
                                                           REPORT 1A469
                  TABLE 3.   AMES BIQASSAY (REPEAT)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL (NO  CATALYST)
                     EXHAUST PARTICULATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL DURING FTP


Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 5
P20-51 fi 52





Revertants/pg extracta
Sample 5
P20-51 & 52






Dose (pg)/
plate





0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation
S-9
No
Yes
No


No
No
Nil
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yon
Number of Revertants
TO. 1335 TA 1537
1
27
19
'.6


300


353
33
34
25
23
25
27
23

27
19
17
27
49
79
69
2
32
20
35


266


368
26
28
15
24
30
25
26

12
15
21
30
34
69
82
3
30
25
26


267


395
25
14
26
32
23
23
22

19
17
22
24
46
68
70
Avg
30
21
30


278


372
28
25
22
26
26
25
26
0.00
19
17
20
27
43
72
80
1 2
10 9

10 15



802 839


18 20
28 29
27 29
61 55
131 159
166 156
149 159








3 Avg
9 9

8 11



758 800


17 18
27 28
32 29
58 58
136 142
161 161
107 138b
0.27







1
14
16
15




2149
1046
46
60
80
143
257
327
363

67
91
154
303
470
627
775
Per Plate
TA
2
13
18
18




2045
1046
31
48
76
132
309
315
308

48
76
153
291
451
590
708
1538
3
12
25
26




2031
1071
20
56
78
160
273
342
365

55
86
154
278
487
613
795

Avq
13
20
20




2075
1054
32
55
78
145
280
328b
34 5b
0.66
57
84
154
291
469
610b
786b

1
23
35
34




2200
2665
58
80
98
278
440
538
529

59
87
143
266
497
675
995
TA
2
26
41
40




2110
2825
64
84
110
268
457
539
562

50
84
120
279
472
698
951
98
3
17
34
35




1846
2790
46
78
115
249
470
543
555

56
71
135
252
494
627
942

AV2
22
37
36




2052
2760
56
81
108
265
456
540b
549b
1.10
55
81
133
266
488
66 7b
96 3b
Revertants/Mg extract3
                                                             0.07
                                                                                                         1.11
                                                                                                                               1.17
*This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dosr levels and does not Identity response at a particular extract since
 the response is not completely linear over tho entire concentration uoad.
 Not included in slope determination.

-------
          SOUTHWEST  FOUNDATION  FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

          P.O. BOX 28147  W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY DR.  SAN  ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE 15121 674-1410
                                                                 July 20, 1981
                                  Final Report
                                     1B329


In Vitro Ames Salmonella/mlcrosomal Mutagenicity Assay of Four Samples Received
from Southwest Research Ir.acitute and Generated from a Naturally Aspirated Fiat
with Catalytic Trap using EM-329-F Fuel
Submitted by:
          Arnaldo J. Noyola, M.A.
          Assistant Research Scientist
          Southwest Foundation for Research and Education
          P.  0.  Box 28147
          W.  Loop 410 at Military Drive
          San Antonio, Texas  78284
Approved by:
         r  f "•»"'-'/ rf*>~~r r  r_ ^t	, , ^
          Nathan D.  Greene,  Ph.D.
          Principal  Investigator
          Department of Behavioral and Environmental Sciences
                                      P-14

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples for
mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.  The samples were
received on June 1, 1981, and were identified as Cycle FTP sample 9(a) vial  418
with a weight of 0.168596 g, HFET sample 10 vial 420 with a weight of 0.037859 g,
NYCC sample 11 vial 421 with a weight of 0.025536 g, and 85 kph sample 12 vial
422 with a weight of 0.036737 g.  A range-finding study was conducted on sample
9(a) utilizing tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation
system (S-9 mix) to determine sample dosage on the initial and repeat bioassays.
The range finding study incorporated the following sample dosages in ug/plate:
1, 10, 100, 500, 10CO and 2000.  In the initial and repeat bioassays, an aroclor
1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activation system was included in
sample 9(a) using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition,
the same sample was tested in the absence of a metabolic activation system using
tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples No. 10, 11, and 12
Were tested using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation
system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) prior to testing.
The initial and repeat bioassays were tested at seven levels of sample concentra-
tion consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1,000 yg/plate.  Each sample
concentration was tested in triplicate plates with and without an S-9 mix and on
specific tester strains as indicated in the above paragraph.  A complete set of
positive and negative controls was incorporated into the bieassay to illustrate
that the system is working well within expected optimum ranges.  Finally, an
identical  repeat of the above samples and controls was conducted as a standard
procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                      P-15

-------
                                     Results

     Results from the range-finding study (Table 1) indicated that the negative
and positive controls are well within the expected optimum range.  Sample 9(a)
shows a positive mutagenic response to TA 98 in the absence of an S-9 mix.  At
sample concentrations of 1, 10, 100, and 500 ug/plate, TA 98 illustrates an
almost linear mutagenic response with an average of 1,577 revertants at a sample
concentrations of 500 ug/plate.  At higher concentrations of 1000 and 2000
ug/plate the linear response is broken as the number of revertants begins to
decline, indicating sample toxicity at high concentrations.  Based on the results
of the range-finding study, it was determined that the sample concentrations to
be used in the initial and repeat bioassays would consist of 20, 60, 100, 200,
400, 600, and 1000 ug/plate.  These sample concentrations compare favorably with
previous bioassays conducted on other samples received from the same project.

     In the initial bioassay (Table 2), the results indicate that the negative
and positive controls are well within the optimum range established for our lab-
oratory.  The known positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific tester
strains with and without an S-9 mix clearly illustrate the ability of the tester
strains to incorporate mutagens into their genetic structure causing a signifi-
cant increase in the number of revertants over th2 negative controls.

     Sample 9(a) showed a negative mutagenic response using tester strain TA 1535
when exposed to the seven sample levels in the absence of an S-9 mix.  However,
TA 1537 minus S-9 mix shows an almost linear mutagenic response up to a sample
level  of 400 ug/plate with a resulting slope of 1.43 revertants per ug of sample
extract.   TA 1538 minus S-9 mix shows a slightly higher mutagenic response with
                                     P-16

-------
                                                              REPORT  1B329
             TABLE 1.     AMES  BIOASSAY  (RANGE-FINDING)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT DIESEL (WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP)
                   EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL DURING  FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Madia Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaNj
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 9






^ Revertants/lJg extract*
•J
Sample






Dose (pg)/
plate





0.5
50
5
3
1
10
100
500
1000
2000



20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
. Yes
No


No
No
No
Yes
No'
No
No
No
' No
No
No


Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
                                                                              Number of Revertantn Per Plate
                                                      TA 1535
                                                                              TA  1537
                                                                                                       TA 1538
                                                                                                                              TA 98
                                                                                                       2     3    Avg.    1     2     3    Avg.

                                                                                                                         21    21         21

                                                                                                                         26    20         23
                                                                                                                       2002  2047
                                                                                                                         22    16
                                                                                                                         40    47
                                                                                                                        339   290
                                                                                                                       1541  1613
                                                                                                                       2089  1990
                                                                                                                       1066  1745b
                                                                                                                                        2025
  19
  44
 315
1577
2044°
1806&
                                                                                                                                        3.13
Revertants/yg extract

a
 This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and. does not identify response at a particular extract since
bthe response is not conpletely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope determination.

-------
                                                                 REPORT IB329
                TABLE 2.   AMES  BIQASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED  FIAT DIESEL (WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP)
                     EXHAUST  PARTICULATE ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL DURING FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 9





•a
JjJ Revertants/ug extract8
Sample 9






Dose (P9>/
plate





O.S
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
Yos
No


No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
                                                                                Number of (tovertantf Per Plate
TA 1533
i
14
9
21
2
IS
14
18
-i^
19
10
13
Avg.
16
11
17

I
IS

13
TA 1537
2
12

9
3
11

10
Ava
13

11
1
12
18
16
TA 1538 tX
2
a
25
IS
3
14
19
19
Ava
11
21
17
1
39
29
19
Z
37
27
32
93
3
20
37
28

Avg
32
31
26
O.S
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
330
549
26
31
19
24
31
29
20
347
508
22
20
22
30
30
32
8
301
527
25
19
17
27
33
32
10
326
528
24
26
19
27
31
31
13
703

30
76
16O
310
584
594
333
516

36
79
130
286
612
607
385
449

31
97
139
315
515
641
399
556

32
84
143
304
570
614b
372b
2166
253
50
133
234
394
580
487
384
2113
275
49
160
240
381
672
484
391
2002
253
67
134
262
428
613
532
379
2094
260
55
142
245
401
622b
501b
385b
2186
2485
118
227
387
780
1295
1601
1924
2237
2587
96
275
315
793
1421
1983
1943
2255
2723
90
263
350
863
1437
1534
2047
2226
2598
101
255
351
812
1384
1706b
1971b
                                                                                          1.43
                                                                                                                 1.91
                                                                                                                                         3.42
                                                  22
                                                  25
                                                  18
                                                  44
                                                  44
                                                  57
                                                  42
10
24
25
33
53
58
41
14
27
25
43
42
49
43
Revertants/pg  extract9
  15
  25
  23
  40
  46
  55
  42

0.03
61
130
193
461
732
1146
9S4
53
144
196
421
862
1133
1020
63
168
192
367
813
900
807
59
147
194
416
802
1060b
964b
77
157
221
599
1354
1756
2282
73
173
250
575
1196
1677
2225
63
161
241
545
1227
1666
2258
71
164
237
573
1259
1700b
2255b
                                                                                                                 1.96
                                                                                                                                         3.18
 This value is  the slope of the regression line based on various dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract dose since
 the response 1- not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope determination.

-------
an average of 401 revertants at a sample level of 200 ug/plate and a resulting
slope of 1.91 revertants/pg of sample extract.  TA 98 minus S-9 mix shows an even
higher mutagenic response with a slope of 3.42.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, sample 9(a) shows a weak
mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.  However, the same sample with S-9
mix at identical chemical concentrations produced strong mutagenic responses on
TA 1538 and TA 98 with slopes of 1.96 and 3.18, respectively.

     Table 3 shows the results obtained from the other three samples tested using
TA 98 in the absence of an S-9 mix.  In the initial bioassay, sample No. 10-HFET
illustrated a strong mutagenic response at the lowest level of 20 ug/plate with a
resulting average of 469 revertants present per plate.  At 60 ug/plate, there was
an average of 1,173 revertants present per plate.  At 100 ug/plate there was an
average of 1,729 revertants present per plate.  The resulting slope was 15.75
revertants present per wg of sample, which illustrates a strong mutagenic
response.  Sample 11-NYCC shows a resulting slope of 5.59 and sample 12-85 kph
shows a resulting slope of 12.64 revertants/ug of sample extract.

     Table 4 and Table 3 show the results of the complete identical repeat of the
four samples tested in the bioassay.  The repeated positive and negative controls
almost conclusively duplicate the revertant numbers specific for each tester
strain as compared to the initial bioassay described in Table 2.

     In the repeat study minus S-9 mix, TA 1535 showed a negative response to
sample 9a which parallels the results obtained in the initial study.  TA 1537
minus S-9 mix shows a resulting slope of 1.49 which is similar to the slope of
                                     P-19

-------
                                                        REPORT  IB329
         TABLE; 3.   AMES BIOASSAY (INITIAL  AND  REPEAT WITHOUT  s-9)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL
              (WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP)  EXHAUST PARTICIPATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES  WITH EM-329-F BASE FUEL
                                              DURING HFET, NYCC, AND 85  KPH
                                                                  TA98, Number of Rovertantg Per Plate
              	Dose, (Ug)/plate

                  Initial0

                     20
                     60
                    100
                    200
                    400
                    600
                   1000

              Revortants/lig extract*
NJ
O
              Revertante/yg extract*
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

No
No
No
No
' No
No
No

HFET
Sample 10
1
482
1198
1633
2315
2588 •
2685
2839

323
988
1253
2049
2516
2529
2704

2
481
1190
1759
2306
2746
2B51
2889

398
978
1372
2093
2464
2412
2751

3
445
1132
1796
2320
2891
2821
2826

385
953
1356
2172
2590
2617
2734

Ayg
469
1173
1729
2314b
2742b
2786b
2851b
15.75
370
973
1327
2105b
2523b
2519b
2730b
11.96
1 _
142
496
618
1131
1608
1724
1967

122
318
489
916
1227
1304
1716

NYCC
85 kph
Samnle 11 RAtnnl
j
154
471
627
1010
1809
1785
207?

127
305
495
927
1201
1320
1679

3
184
427
576
1152
1683
1751
2224

126
340
468
977
1321
1443
1810

Avg
160
465
607
1098b
17()0b
1753b
2088b
5.59
125
321
484
940b
1250b
1358b
1735b
4.49
1
525
1131
1460
2217
2707
2918
2817

432
917
1250
1938
2436
2459
2583

2
498
1061
1543
2313
2824
2748
2850

459
1061
1236
2135
2543
2657
2603

fi 12
3 Avg
537 520
1107 HOP
1591 1531
2305 2245b
2752 2761b
2828 2831b
2910 2859b
12.64
455 449
900 959
1392 1293
2034 2036b
2502 2494b
2618 2578b
2408 2531b
10.55
                This value is the slope of the regression line, based on various extract does levels and does not identify  resnnnse
                at a particular extract dose since tne responue  is nut completely 'linear over tno entire concentration used.
               cNot included in the slope determination.
               ^Initial TA-98 eedia, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 2.
                Repeat TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 4.

-------
                                                                      REPORT  1B329
                    TABLE  4.   AMES  BIOASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF  NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL (WITH CATALYTIC TRAP)
                         EXHAUST  PARTICULATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH  EM-329-F  BASE FUEL DURING FTP
   Sample  Identification

   Media Control
   Media Control
   Solvent Control
   (Filter BluiuO

   Positive Controls
     NaNj
     9AA
     2NF
     2AA

   Sample 9

Dose (|jg)/
platu



Notabolio
Number of
Activation, . , T» 1S«
S-9 1
No
Yea
No
28
17
18
2
20
19
22
3
21
16
23
Avg
23
17
21
1
10

6
TA 1
2
13

12
«m
3
10

19
Revertanta Por Plate

Av£
11

12

1
10
17
17
T* H
2
11
16
19
«nn
3
7
10
10

Avg
10
14
15

1
26
27
20
Ta
2
27
39
25
i OH
3
22
41
32

Avg
25
36
26
to Revortants/ug extract*

   Sample 9

Dose (|Jg)/
platu



0.5
SO
s
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Notabolio
Activation,
S-9
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
378
522
       407   383    389
       492   454
                   489
17
33
26
35
26
19
19

16
13
18
32
41
68
43
27
34
19
23
37
18
18

10
14
20
34
45
61
47
27
25
27
22
27
18
15

17
21
18
30
48
61
41
24
31
24
27
30
18
17
0.00
14
16
19
32
45
63
44
                         615   651   673
                                           646
                                                2419  2305  2153   2319
                                                 339   467   462    423
                                  2290  2237  2487  2338
                                  2178  24U8  2265  2284
                                 32
                                 02
36
86
                                                  47
                                                        43
                                                                          65
                                                                                62
                                                                                      85
                          (19
                          157   160   164   163
                          3'JO   357   320   356
                          5U4   588   597   590
                          619   661   714   665b
                          514   521   539   525b

                                          1.49
                                                                                            71
U3
216
494
669
370
417

54
178
255
548
746
160
237
482
687
355
407

67
167
229
549
824
162
225
519
644
374
3113

72
208
257
501
770
152
226
49B
667b
366b
402b
2.48
64
184
247
533
780
2(>8
368
989
1538
1813
2072

85
186
265
633
1180
222
422
1015
1594
1755
2002

84
161
284
590
1110
275
560
1041
1564
1B07
2055

70
152
273
576
1108
255
450
1015
1565
1792b
2043b
3.98
80
166
274
600
1133
                                                                                                      1060  1041   994   !O32b  1586  1576  1702  1621b
                                                                                                       981  1001   944    975b  2068  1810  1903  1927b
   Revertants/yg extract*
                  0.04
                                                                                                                        1.88
                                                                                                                                                2.82
    This value is thn slope of the regression line based on various dose levels  and does not identify response at a particular extract dose since
    the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
    Not included in slope determination.

-------
1.43  obtained  earlier in the initial bioassay.  TA 1538 and TA 98 showed a
slightly higher mutagenic response in the repeat assay as compared to the initial
study with resulting slopes of 2.48 and 3.98, respectively.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results obtained from the initial bioassay.  In the
repeat study TA 1535 shows a slope of 0.04 which is in agreement with the slope
of 0.03 obtained in the initial bioassay.  TA 1538 shows a slope of 1.88 as com-
pared to the slope of 1.96 obtained in the initial study.  TA 98 illustrates a
slope of 2.82 as compared to the slope of 3.18 obtained in the initial study.

     Table 3 shows the results obtained from the initial and repeat study on
sample 10-HFET, sample 11-NYCC and sample 12-85 kph.  Both initial and repeat
studies compare favorably.  Sample 10-HFET shows a slope of 15.75 on the first
study followed by a slope of 11.96 on the repeat bioassay.  Sample 11-NYCC illus-
trates a slope of 5.59 on the initial study as compared to 4.49 of the repeat
study.  Finally, sample 12-85 kph shows a slope of 12.64 on the first bioassay as
compared to 10.55 of the repeat study.  In summary, Table 3 illustrates the
strong mutagenic responses of the above three samples in the absence of an S-9
mix.
                                       P-22

-------
          SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

          f'°- 80X M147   * L°°P «'0 AT MILITARY DR.   SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284  TELEPHONE 1512) 674-1410
                                                                 July  20,  1981
                                  Final  Report
                                     1B469


In Vitro Ames Salmonel1a/m1crosomal  Mutagenicity Assay of Four Samples  Received
from Southwest Research  Institute and  Generated from a Naturally  Aspirated  Fiat
NA/Catalytic Trap using  Fuel  EM-469-F
Submitted by:
         Arnaldo J.  Noyola,  M.A.
         Assistant Research  Scientist
         Southwest Foundation  for Research and Education
         P. 0. Box 28147
         W. Loop 410 at Military  Drive
         San Antonio,  Texas  78284
Approved by:
             —  ' ' '  -^'-* " -
         Nathan D. Greene, Ph.D.
         Principal Investigator
         Department of  Behavioral  and  Environmental  Sciences
                                      P-23

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples for
mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.  The samples were
received on June 11, 1981, and were identified as sample 13 vial 453 with a
weight of 0.141085 g, sample 14 vial 392 with a weight of 0.033589 g, sample 15
vial 454 with a weight of 0.033431 g, and sample 16 vial 407 with a weight of
0.033096 g.  An aroclor 1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activation
system (S-9 mix) was included in sample 13 vial 453 using tester strains TA 98,
TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample 13 vial 453 was tested in the absence
of an S-9 mix using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples
No. 14 vial 392, 15 vial  454, and 16 vial 407 were tested using tester strain TA
98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.

     A range-finding study was not conducted on the above samples because a
previous bioassay had been conducted on the same automotive configuration using
fuel EM-329-F-  All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and
tested at seven levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200,
400, 600, and 1000 pg/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate
plates with and without an S-9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated in
the above paragraph.  A complete set of positive and negative controls was
incorporated into the bioassay to illustrate that the system is working well
within optimum ranges.  Finally, an identical repeat of the above samples and
•controls was conducted as a standard procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                       P-24

-------
                                     Results

     In the initial bioassay, "the results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are well within the optimum range established for our laboratory.  The
known positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific tester strains with
and without an S-9 mix clearly illustrate the ability of the tester strains to
incorporate mutagens into their genetic structure causing a significant increase
in the number of revertants over the negative controls (Table 1)*

     Sample No. 13 vial 453 showed a negative mutagenic response on tester strain
TA 1535 when exposed to the seven chemical levels in the absence of an S-9 mix.
At the higher chemical concentration of 1000 yg/plate, toxicity was prevalent as
the bacterial lawn was inhibited.  TA 1537 minus S-9 mix.illustrated a positive
mutagenic response showing an almost linear response up to a chemical concentra-
tion of 400 ug/plate with a resulting slope of 2.04 revertants per ug of sample
extract.  TA 1538 minus S-9 mix showed a slightly higher mutagenic response than
TA 1537.  At 400 ug/plate, there was an average of 917 revertants per plate.  The
resulting slope was 2.32 revertants/ug of sample extract.  In the absence of S-9
mix, TA 98 illustrated the highest mutagenic response on the above sample.  At
200 ug/plate there was an average of 913 revertants per plate with a resulting
slope at 4.50 revertants/wg of sample extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, the same sample Illustrated .a
negative mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.  However, mutagenfcity was
observed in tester strains TA 1538 and TA 98.  At 200 ug/plate, TA 1538 responded
with an average of 494 revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 2.39.  TA 98
shows the highest mutagenic response to.the sample with an average of 1,442
                                     P-25  '

-------
                                                             REPORT 1B469
             TABLE 1.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED  FIAT DIESEL  (WITH CATALYTIC TRAP)
                      EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL DURING FTP
Positive Controls
  NaN3
  9AA
  2NP
Sample
Revertanta/pg extract3

Sample 13
  0.5
  50
  5
  3

  20
  60
 100
 200
 400
 600
1000
  20
  60
 100
 200
 400
 600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1
23
10
29
406


353
18
26
29
24
22
15
TA
2
29
19
25
336


435
26
22
19
28
26
17
1535
3
23
11
39
353


365
21
36
26
27
22
16

Avg
25
13
31
365


384
22
28
25
26
23
16
Toxictty

22
13
34
41
87
56
16

17
20
21
48
60
53
21

12
27
26
34
64
41
17
0.00
17
20
27
41
70
50
18

1
12

12

490


27
74
165
471.
749
873
438








Number of Rovortanta
TA
2
7

9

541


44
66
187
448
773
774
536








1537
3
,,

11

522


23
91
156
447
812
864
581









Avg
9

11

518


31
77
169
455
778
837b
518b
2.04








1
10
16
11


1444
600
48
134
287
623
917
745
424

75
152
312
460
837
1198
1080
Per Plata
TA
2
10
11
13


1654
948
43
166
293
6O3
979
669
412

66
151
301
492
898
1139
945
1530
3
15
16
10


1745
56S
60
134
228
592
855
755
476

62
170
279
529
864
1215
952
TA 90
Avg
12
14
11


1631
705
50
145
269
606
917
723b
437b
2.32
67
158
297
494
866b
1184°
992b
1
24
29
25


1838
2552
02
344
501
884
1578
1941
2148

81
186
287
745
1489
1992
2553
2
29
39
29


1825
2447
89
315
557
94O
1591
lana
1998

56
155
309
732
1430
2017
2492
3 Avj
21 25
37 35
20 25


1822 1828
2419 2473
93 9O
305 321
562 540
911 913
1523 1564b
1865 1871b
2164 2103b
4.50
73 70
157 166
315 304
702 726
1407 1442
1843 1967b
2461 2502b
 Revertants/ug extract*
                                                             0.00
                                                                                                           2.39
                                                                                                                                 3.70
 "This value is the slope of the regression line based on various dose levels and does not Identify response at a particular extract dose since
  the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
  Not included in slope determination.

-------
revertants  per plate at a sample concentration of 400 ug/plate.  The resulting
slope was  3.70 revertants per wg of sample extract.

     Table  2 shows the results obtained from the other three samples tested using
TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial  bioassay,
sample 14  vial 392 illustrated a strong mutagnnic response in the absence of an
S-9 mix.  At 200 yg/plate TA 98 showed an average of 2,319 revertants per plate
with a resulting slope of 10.63 revertants/ug of sample extract.  Sample 15 vial
454 illustrated a slope of 3.88 revertants per ug of sample extract with an
average of 838 revertants at a sample concentration of 200 ug/plate.  The last
sample in  the initial bioassay illustrated a strong mutagenic response.  Sample
16 vial 407 in the absence of S-9 mix showed an average of 2,315 revertants at a
sample concentration of 200 ug/plate with a resulting slope of 10.36 revertants/
ug of sample extract.

     Table  3 and Table 2 show the results of the complete identical repeat of the
four samples tested in the bioassay.  The repeated positive and negative controls
almost duplicate the revertant numbers specific for each tester strain as
compared to the initial bioassay described in Table 1.  The spontaneous mutation
rate for TA 98 in the repeat bioassay was.higher than the initial study; however,
the positive controls illustrate the ability of TA 98 to revert upon exposure to
a known mutagen.  In the repeat study minus an S-9 mix, TA 1535 showed a negative
response when exposed to sample No. 13 vial 453.  At the highest sample concen-
tration of  1,000 ug/plate, toxicity was observed in the repeat study as it was in
the initial  bioassay.  TA 1537 minus S-9 showed a positive mutagenic response
with a resulting slope of 1.67 in the repeat study as compared to 2.04 in the
initial  bioassay.  The same sample minus S-9 mix using TA 1538 showed a slope of
                                      P-27

-------
                                                           REPORT 18469
          TABLE 2.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL AND REPEAT  WITHOUT  S-9)  OF  NATURALLY-ASPIRATED  FIAT DIESEL
                   (WITH  CATALYTIC TRAP)  EXHAUST PARTICULAR  ORGANIC  SOLUBLES WITH EH-469-F  FUEL
                                                 DURING HFET,  NYCC,  AND 85  KPH
                                                                         TH98, Huiriaur of Rovcrtants Per Plata
13

NJ
CO
Dose,  yq/ Plata	

    Initial0

       20
       60
      100
      200
      400
      600
      1000

Revertants/Mg extract'

     Repeat

       20
       60
      100
      200
      400
      600
      1000

Revertants/pg extract*
                                             Metabolic
                                            Activation,
                                               S-9
                                               No
                                               Ho
                                               No
                                               No
                                               No
                                               No
                                               Ho
No .
Ho
Ho
No
No
No
No
HFET
Sample 14
. 1
360
912
1419
2418
2993
3023
2023
3
395
875
1488
2242
2067
3060
2827
3
402
861
1387
2296
2853
3038
2983
Avq
394
083
1431
2319
2904
3040
2878
_1_
122
302
500
885
1473
1673
1902
NYCC


Sample 15
3
117
313
483
815
1371
1835
1684
3
126
328
497
814
1521
1712
2059
Ava
122
341
493
B3B
1455°
1740^
1882b
JL_
361
1030
1443
2354
2655
2983
2930
85
kph

Samuln 16
~
369
1044
1407
2140
2694
3070
2943
3
402
1041
1361
2451
2852
2906
2973
Avg
377
1038
1404
2315
2734b
2986
2949°
                                                                         10.63
 416   368   405   396
 943   865   899   S02
1496  143S  1392 . 1441
2310  2275  2)18 2301
 97
416
471
719
 72
450
475
771
 73
418
491
771
                                                          2939  2890  2')60  2930  1473  1530  1443
                                                          30B7  3025  2'J83  3032?'  1721  1679  1733
                                                          3044  3063  3062  3056  1709  1809  1912  1810
                                                                                                3.88                   10.36
 81    -398   427   439   421
928    1057  1073  1003  1044
479    1290  1270  1548  1369
754^.    2036  1913  1814  1921
       2512  2445  2522  2493^
       2848  2888  2836  2857*'
       3061  2999  2978  3013
                                                                         10.48
                                                                                                3.38                    7.85
                    aThia value is the slope of tha regression line based jon various extract does levels and does not Identify response
                     at a particular extract dose since the response is not completely linear over tne entire concentration used.
                     Not Included in the slope determination.
                    ^Initial .TA-98 media,  solvent,  and positive controls used as pet Table 1 .
                     Repeat TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table  3.

-------
                                                             REPORT IB469
          TABLE 3.   AMES  BIOASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF NATURALLY-ASPIRATED FIAT  DIESEL  (WITH CATALYTIC  TRAP)
                    EXHAUST PARTICULATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F  FUEL DURING FTP


Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NoN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 13







Doso, My/
Plato





0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Hatabollo
Number of
Activation,
S-9
No
Yea
No


No
No
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
1
20
11
24


385


467
17
17
22
25
21
22
TA 1535
a
27
12
21


402


349
29
25
24
27
25
21
3
33
10
19


402


371
30
31
15
26
11
19
Avg
2V
11
21


396


396
2r>
2
-------
2.04 in the repeat study which is almost identical to the slope of 2.32 of the
initial  bioassay.   In the repeat study, TA 98 elicited a strong mutagenic res-
ponse to sample 13 vial  453 in the absence of an S-9 mix.  A resulting slope of
5.93 revertants/yg of sample extract was obtained in the repeat study using TA 98
as compared to a slope of 4.50 in the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial bioassay.  TA 1535 illustrated
an identical  negative response to sample 13 vial 453 in the repeat study as com-
pared to initial  bioassay.  TA 1538 in the presence of an S-9 mix showed a strong
mutagenic response to sample 13 vial 453 as was observed earlier in the initial
bioassay.  In addition,  TA 98 illustrated a strong mutagenic response to sample
13 vial  453 in the presence of an S-9 mix.  The resulting slope was 4.26 in the
repeat study as compared to 3.70 in the initial bioassay.

     Table 2 shows the results of the initial and repeat bioassays on samples .No.
14 vial  392,  15 vial  454, and 16 vial 407 using tester strain TA 98 in the
absence of a  metabolic activation system.  The repeat study illustrates that
sample 14 vial  392 has the highest mutagenic response when compared to the other
two samples.   Sample  15  vial 454 shows a slope of 3.38 in the repeat study which
compares favorably with  the slope of 3.88 obtained in the inital bioassay.
Finally, sample 16 vial  407 shows a strong mutagenic response with a resulting
slope of 7.85 as  compared to a slope of 10.36 obtained in the initial bioassay.
                                       P-30

-------
         SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

         P.O. BOX 28147   W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY DR.   SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE 16121 674-1410
                                                             October 8, 1981
                                 Final  Report
                                    2A329


In Vitro Ames Salmonella Mutagenicity Assay  of Four Samples Received  from
Southwest Research Institute and Generated from an Oldsmobile Cutlass Diesel
using  EM-329-F Fuel
Submitted by:
Arna/ldo d. toyola/M/A.
Assistant Research Scientist
                                                Milton V. Marshall,  Ph.D.
                                                Associate Foundation Scientist
                                   P-31

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest  Foundation for Research and Education Genetic Toxicology Labora-
tory examined four samples for mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhlmurlum
bioassay.   The  samples  were received on June 25, 1981, and were identified as
sample 17  (vial  481)  with a weight of 0.150515 g, sample 18 (vial  415) with a
weight of  0.082663 g, sample 19 (vial 416) with a weight of 0.024751 g, and
sample 20  (vial  417)  with a weight of 0.117650 g.  An aroclor 1254-stimulated rat
liver homogenate metabolic activation system (S9 mix) was included with sample 17
(vial 481) using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample
17 (vial 481) was tested in the absence of an S9 mix using tester strains TA98;
TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples No. 18 (vial 415), 19 (vial 416), and 20
(vial 417) were tested  using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic
activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and tested at seven
levels of  sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and
1,000 pg/plate.   Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate plates with
and without an  S9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated in the above
paragraph.  A complete  set of positive and negative controls was incorporated
Into the bioassay to  illustrate that the system is working well within expected
optimum ranges,   Finally, duplicate bioassay of the above samples and controls
was conducted as a standard procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                      P-32

-------
                                     Results
     In the initial  bioassay, the results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are well  within the optimum range established for our laboratory.  The
known positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific tester strains with
and without a metabolic activation system clearly illustrate the ability of the
tester strains to incorporate mutagens Into their genetic structure causing a
significant increase in the number of revertants ov.»r the negative controls
(Table 1).

     Sample 17 (vial 481) showed a negative mutagenic response using tester
strain TA 1535 when  exposed to the seven sample concentrations in the absence of
an S9 mix.   TA 1537  minus S9 mix shows an almost linear mutagenic response
progressively up to  a sample level of 200 ug/plate.  The resulting slope is of
0.81 revertants/wg.   TA 1538 minus S9 mix illustrates a higher mutagenic response
when treated with the same sample concentration.  The res.ulting slope is 1.55
revertants/yg.  TA 98 minus S9 mix shows an even greater mutagenic response with
a slope of 3.3 revertants/ug which 1s four times greater than the slope for TA
1537.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, sample 17 (vial 481) shows
a weak mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.  However, the same sample
with S9 mix at identical chemical concentrations produced mutagenic responses in
TA 1538 and TA 98 with slopes of 1.56 and 2.20 respectively.  In TA 1538, the
slope for the sample was identical to that obtained without metabolic activation
whereas the slope  obtained with TA 98 was lower 1n the presence of S9.
                                      P-33

-------
                                                        REPORT  2A329
          TABLE  1.  AMES  BIQASSAY (INITIAL)  OF 1901 OLDSMOBILE  CUTLASS  DIESEL EXHAUST PARTICUIATE
                              ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F FUEL  DURING FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaNj
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 17
P20-137 s 138





•X) . >
1 Revertants/Vg extract
Eauple 17
P20-.137 I 138





Dose (ug)/
Plate




0.5
SO
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
CO
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation.
S-9
No
Yes
No

No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
                                                     TA 1535
                                                                            Number of Revertanta Per Plata
                                                                            TA 1537
                                                21
                                                14
                                                20
19
 9
21
14
12
22
IB
12
21
                                                                                                     TA 153B	
                                                                                                     2     3   Avg.
                                                                      TA 98	
                                                                      2    _3_  Avg.
U
20
12
13
24
15
11
20
16
12
21
14
22
29
26
20
21
28
20
32
24
                                                               -0.02
                                                                                       O.B1
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
21
14
24
29
45
60
61
17
14
26
36
.49
51'
57
14
13
23
26
54
58
40
17
14
24
30
49"
56
53
                                                                                                44
                                                                                               117
                                                                                               216
                                                                                               343
                                                                                               584
                                                                                               823
                                                                                               845
                                               43    SB
                                               96   131
                                               179   201
                                               325   320
                                               583   576
                                               836   750
                                               776   723
                                                    1.55

                                                     48    59
                                                    115   121
                                                    199   261
                                                    329   536
                                                                0.04
                                                                                                                1.56
21
27
27
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
4B6
666
23
21
12
IB
19
5

480 468
628' 695
14 21
21 16
16 17
20 20
17 21
6 5
Toxicity
478
663
19
19
IS
19
19
5

551

22
55
94
181
232
202

546 510

20 21
46 04
76 84
172 144
240 257
201 213
Toxicity
536

21
52
B5
166
243j>
205

2536
219
27
80
157
199
278
149

2295 2215
223 21S
41 34
72 b9
1GB 149
197 176
223 267
153 144
Toxicity
2.149
219
34
74
158b
191b
256b
149°

265B
2908
51
170
291
492
937
696

2557 2561
2421 2432
46 47
163 157
321 324
5.18 453
678 053
656 683
Toxicity
2592
2587
48
163
312b
494°
889b
676b

                                                                     3.30

                                                           75    64    66
                                                          142   128   130
                                                          284   266   270
                                                          446   455   479
                                                    SBlb  956   899   832   896
                                                    B03b  1319  1268  1253  1280b
                                                    781*>  16B4  1495  1517  15G5b
Revertants/ug extract

 This  valua is the slope of the regression lino based on various extract dosa levels and does not identify response at a particular extract since
 the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                      2.20'

-------
    Table 2 shows the  results  obtained from the other three samples tested using
TA 98 in the absence of an S9 mix.   In the initial  bioassay sample 18 (vial 415)
Illustrates an almost linear mutagenic response with a resulting slope of 4.85
revertants/ug extract.  Toxicity  was observed at levels greater than 200
vg/plate.  Sample 19  (vial 416) shows a lower mutagenic response than the pre-
vious sample, with a slope of 2.32 revertants/ug.   Finally, sample 20 (vial 417)
shows an intermediate mutagenic response compared  to the other two samples tested
on TA 98 with a slope of  3.18 revertants/ug.  In the repeat study, slightly lower
values were obtained, but the relative ranking remained the same.

    The duplicate positive and negative controls  specific for each tester strain
are  given in Table 3.   In the repeat study without S9 mix, TA 1535 showed a nega-
tive response to sample 17  (vial  481) which is in  agreement with the results
obtained in the initial study.  TA 1537 minus S9 mix shows a resulting slope of
0.61 compared to slope  of 0.81  obtained in the initial study.  TA 1538 shows a
lesser mutagenic response to sample 17 (vial 481)  in the repeat study compared to
the  initial assay.  The resulting slope is 1.23 revertantr/pg in the repeat study
compared to 1.55 in the initial bioassay.  In the  repeat study, the mutagenicity
in TA 98 was slightly lower than  in the initial study.  Under identical  sample
concentrations TA 98 showed an  average slope of 2.94 revertants/ug compared to
3.3  initially.

  .  In the presence of a metabolic activation system the above sample results
compared favorably with the results obtained from  the initial bioassay.   In the
repeat study TA 1535 shows a slope of 0.06 revertants/ug which is 1n agreement
.with a slope of 0.04 in the initial bioassay.  TA  1538 illustrates a slope of
1.24 compared to a slope  of 1.56  obtained in the initial bioassay and finally, TA
98 shows a slope of 1.74  as compared to a slope of 2.20 in the initial bioassay.
                                       P-35

-------
                                                  REPORT  2A329
TABUE 2.   AMES BIOASSAY (INITIAL  & REPEAT  WITHOUT S-9)  OF  1981 OLDSMOBILE  CUTLASS DIESEL
EXHAUST PARTICULATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F DURING HFET, NYCC, AND  85 KFH
                                                               TA98, Nmiber of Revartants  Per Plate
         Posa (|ig)/plate

         Initial0

             20
             60
            100
            200
            400
            600
           1000

     Revertants, pg extract*

         Repeat**

             20
             60
            100
            200
            400
            COO
           1000

     Revertanta, Vg extract*
                                Hetobollc
                               Activation,
                                  S-9
• No
 No
 No
 No
 No
 No
 No
 No
 Ho
 No
 No
 No
 No
 No
              Sample 18.  P20-139
             1     2     3    Avg
                                                                               NYCC
                            Sample  19. P20-140
                            1      23    Avg
                                                                     85 fcpti
 Saaple 20.  P20-141
1     2     3   Avg.
 203   209    195   202
 421   354    382   386
 664   653    593   637
110'J  10SB   1042  1070
1671  1603   1576  1617b
1828  1894   1B33  1852b
1797  1812   1730  17BOb

                  4.85
46
141
252
476
824
1060
1275
31
115
226
417
827
1028
1101
43
129
314
472
B77
981
1104
40
128
231
455
6
-------
                                                             REPORT  2A329
           TABLE  3.   AMES  BIQASSAY  (REPEAT)  OP  1981  OLDSMOBILE CUTIJVSS  DIESEL EXHAUST  PARTICULATE
                                 ORGAHIC  SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-329-P  FUEL DURING  FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 17
P20-137 & 138





Revertants/Vg extract*
Sample 17
P20-137 i 138





Dose (|i<|)/
plate





0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
•tatabollc
Activation.
S-9
No
Yea
No


No .
No
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
No
No
NO

Yea
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No .
No
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
No
No
NO
453
585
29
22
24
13
19


474 495
561 613
22 IB
15 27
21 24
26 29
17 24
Toxicity
Toxicity
474
58G
23
21
23
23
21)


653

27
32
73
143
144
90

631 550

18 17
45 44
84 62
123 120
175 '.59
61 98
Toxicity
611

21
40
73
129
159b
83b

2524
583
41
76
141
178
225
137

2472 2331
692 510
30 25
88 77
118 131
165 182
224 274
156 159
Toxicity
2442
595
32
81
130
175b
241b
ISlb

2319
2724
54
97
281
495
731
807
659
2297
2838
58
114
310
485
839
825
560
2341
2920
52
150
280
451
783
•925
653
2319
2827
55
120
290
477b
784b
B52b
624b
                                                                     -0.01
                                                                                              0.61
                                                                                                                         1.23
Yea
Yes
Yea
Yes
Yea
Yes
Yes
9
14
29
28
52
58
61
10
14
33
32
41
S3
66
15
14
27
32
54
54
77
11
14
30
31
49
55
6J
                                                                                                                                                  2.94
47
81
146
263
421
673
34
82
162
268
512
670
46
80
156
251
427
632
42
81
155
261
453b
6S8b
48
121
185
353
768
1019
62
119
179
355
667
835
69
129
184
342
718
904
60
123
183
'350
718
936b
                                                                                                       757 .  736   691   728b  1213  1152   1151   1172b
                                                                      0.06
                                                                                                                         1.24
Revertants/yg extract


 This value is the slope of the regression'line based on various extract 'dose levels and does  not  identify response at a particular extract since
^the response is not conylately linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not ii-luded in slope dotermination.
                                                                                                                                                  1.74

-------
    In summary, sample  17  (vial  481)  1s nonmutagenic In TA 1535 without meta-
bolic activation and only weakly  mutagenic In the presence of S9.  No increase in
mutagenic activity was observed 1n TA 1538 with metabolic activation, but without
metabolic activation the activity was  greater than that observed in TA 1537.  The
highest activity was observed in  TA 98 without metabolic activation and this
activity decreased in the  presence of 59.  The relative mutagenicity of the other
samples in TA  98 without metabolic activation 1s sample 18 (vial 415) > sample 20
(vial 417) > sample  19  (vial  416).
                                       P-38

-------
          SOUTHWEST  FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

          P.O. BOX 28147  W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY OH.   SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE (512) 674-1410
                                                             September 29, 1981
                                 Final Report
                                     2A469


.In Vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal Mutagem'city Assay of Four Samples Received
from Southwest Research Institute and Generated frpm a 1981  Oldsmobile Cutlass
Diesel using Fuel  EM-469-F
Submitted by:
               Arnaldo J. Noyola, M.A.           -Nathan D.  Greene, Ph.D.
               Assistant Research Scientist       Associate  Foundation Scientist
               Milton  V. Marshall, Ph.D.
               Associate Foundation Scientist
                                    P-39

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and  Education examined four samples for
mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurlum  bioassay.  The samples were
received on August 8,  1981, and were identified as  sample 21 (vial 526) with a
weight of 0.170525 g,  sample 22 (vial  512)  with a weight of 0.093687 g, sample 23
(vial 602) with a weight of 0.027680 g, and sample  24  (vial 513) with a weight of
0.128568 g.  An Aroclor 1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activation
system (S9 mix) was included in sample 21  (vial 526) using tester strains TA 98,
TA 1535, and TA 1538.   In addition,  sample  21  (vial 526) was tested in the
absence of an S9 mix using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.
Samples No. 22 (vial 512), 23 (vial  602), and  24  (vial 513) were tested using
tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl  sulfoxide  (DMSO) and tested at seven
levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000
ug/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in  triplicate with and without an
S9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated  in the above paragraph.  A
complete set of positive and negative controls was  incorporated into the bioassay
to demonstrate that the system was working  well within optimum ranges.  Finally,
a duplicate bioassay of the above samples and  controls was conducted as a stan-
dard procedure to compare and evaluate the  data.
                                     P-40

-------
                                     Results

     In the Initial  bioassay,  the results  indicate that the negative and positive
controls are well  within the optimum range established for our  laboratory.  The
known positive mutagens which  we routinely use on  specific tester strains with
and without an S9  mix clearly illustrate the  ability  of the tester strains to
Incorporate mutagens into their genetic structure  causing a significant increase
1n the number of revertants over the negative controls (Table 1).

     Sample No. 21 (vial 526)  showed a negative mutagenic response on tester
strain TA 1535 when exposed to the seven chemical  levels in the absence of an S9
mix.  Toxicity was observed at levels greater than 200 ug/plate.  TA 1537 minus
S9 mix illustrated a positive mutagenic response showing an almost linear
response up to a chemical concentration of 200 ug/plate with a  resulting slope of
0.96 revertants per yg of sample extract.   Toxicity was observed at levels
greater than 200 ug/plate.  TA 1538 minus  59  mix showed a greater mutagenic
response than TA 1537.  At 100 ug/plate, there was an average of 183 revertants/-
plate.  The resulting slope was 1.71 revertants/ug of sample extract.  Toxicity
was observed at higher levels  of extract.   In the  absence of S9 mix, TA 98 demon-
strated the greatest mutagenic response on the above  sample.  At 400 ug/plate
there was an average of 1336 revertants/plate with a  resulting  slope of 3.18
revertants/ug of sample extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, the  same sample illustrated a very
weak mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.   Mutagenicity was observed in
tester strains TA  1538 and TA 98.  At 200  ug/plate, TA 1538 responded with an
average of 490 revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 2.27.  TA 98 exhibited
                                      P-41

-------
                                                        REPORT  2A469
         TABLE 1.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF  1981  OLDSMOBILE  CUTLASS  DIESEL EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                               ORGANIC  SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F  FUEL DURING FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 21
P20-1B1 s. 182





Revertants/ug extract*
Sample 21
P20- 181 & 182
•




Dose lug)/
elate




0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
Ho
lea
No

No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

.Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Revertants/yg extract*
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
390
453
18
IB
23
22



390 329
444 439
19 19
22 26
19 20
23 10
Toxicity
Toxicity
Toxicity
370
445
19
22
21
18



1043

38
75
95
203
137


723 643

34 34
70 47
113 100
214 197
170 212
Toxicity
Toxicity
803

35
64
103
205
173b


2485
1/61
41
161
187
190



2372 2514
1666 1543
49 47
159 123
176 186
235 217
Toxicity
Toxicity
Toxicity
2457
1657
46
148
183
214b



2476
1873
77
278
556
762
1413
1316
1256
2498
2277
71
289
493.
801
1369
1434
1367
2S54
2074
59
281
536
741
1227
1510
1391
2509
2075
69
283
52H
768
1336
1420b
13 38"
                                                                -O.01
                                                                                       0.96
                                                                                                                1.71
YOB
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
IS
29
30
35
62
69
30
13
11
32
47
70
.49
38
12
27
34
41
62
49
39
13
22
32
41
65
56
36
0,02
                                                2.27
                                                                                                                                       3.18
76
187
301
555
897
1002
904
80
164
263
495
847
1030
798
90
167
303
420
845
990
731
82
173
289
490
863b
1007b
81 lb
70
207
396
799
1472
1784
2151
93
174
342
743
1305
1719
2108
105
196
411
644
1346
1632
2004
89
192
333
729
1374
1712b
2O88b
                                                                       3.42
 This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract since
kthe response is not conpletely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope  determination.

-------
an increased mutagenic response to the sample when S9  was employed with an
average of 1374 revertants/plate at a sample concentration of 400 ug/plate.  The
resulting slope was 3.42 revertants/yg of sample extract.  The S9 fraction
appeared to protect the TA 98 strain from toxicity observed without an activation
system.

     Table 2 Illustrates the results obtained from the other three samples tested
using TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial
bloassay, sample 22 (vial 512) illustrated a fairly strong mutagenic response in
the absence of an S9 mix.  At 100 wg/plate TA 98 showed an average of 819
revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 6.21  revertants/wg of sample extract.
Sample 23 (vial 602) had a slope of 3.36 revertants/ug of sample extract with an
average of 663 revertants at a sample concentration of 200 ug/plate.  Sample 24
(vial 513) in the absence of S9 mix showed an average  of 1035 revertants at a
sample concentration of 200 yg/plate with a resulting  slope of 4.76 revertants/yg
of sample extract.

     Table 2 also shows the results of the repeat bioassays on samples No. 22
(vial 512), 23 (vial 602), and 24 (vial  513) using tester strain TA 98 1n the
absence of a metabolic activation system.  The repeat  study of sample 24 (vial
513) demonstrated the highest mutagenic response when  compared to the other two
samples.  Sample 23 (vial 602) exhibits the lowest mutagenicity of these samples
with a slope of 2.55 in the repeat study which compares favorably with the slope
of 3.36 obtained in the im'tal bioassay.  Finally, sample 22 (vial 512) shows an
intermediate mutagenic response in the repeat bioassay with a resulting slope of
3.38 as compared to a slope of 6.21 obtained in  the initial bioassay.  Lower
values were obtained with sample 22 (vial 512) and sample 23 (vial 602) in the
                                     P-43

-------
                                                 REPORT 2A469
TABLE  2.   AMES BIOASSAY  (INITIAL &  REPEAT  WITHOUT  S-9)  OF 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS DIESEL
EXHAUST PARTICULATE  ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-469-F DURING HFET,  NYCC, AND  85 KPH
                                                             TA98, Number of Hevertanta Per Plate
         Dose  (tig) /Plata

         Initial0
             20
             60
            100
            200
            400
            600
            1000

      Re vert ants, ug extract*
 Metabolic
Activation,
   S-9
    No
    No
    No
    No
    No
    No
    No
                                  No
                                  No
                                  No
                                  No
                                  No
                                  No
                                  No
                                                    HFET
                                                                             NYCC
      Revsrtants, Vg extract*
                                              Sample 22, P20-J83
 299   364   30J   322
 517   480   '.;/   491
 911   795   750   819
1342   1320  1252  1305b
1940   1942  1930  1937b
2112   1982  2046  2047b
2070   2107  211'J  ;r)Q9b

                 6.21
                           Sairplo 23, P20-Varlous
                          1      23    Avg.
                                                                                                    85 kph
  67
 174
 301
 645
1019
1216
1353
  69   65
 162   170
 288   273
 697   646
 67
169
287
663
1087  1083  1063b
1190  1112  1173b
1275  1393  1340b

          3.36
                           Sample 24,  P20-185
                          1_    2     3    Avg.
 182   179   173   178
 380   366   364   370
 594   596   541   577
1100   1049   956  1035
1605   1567  1464  1545b
1955   2044  1861  1953b
1868   1969  1993  1943b

                 4.76
765
381
558
715
2018
2293
2109
279
399
560
694
1982
2212
2107
281
412
493
721
193B
2159
2073
275
397
537
71011
1979b
2221b
2096b
62
187
284
52b
867
1086
853
66
171
240
532
923
1016
976
63
146
273
515
837
1112
1046
64
168
266
524
876b
1070b
958b
138
350
510
1031
1474
1811
1733
137
328
518
992
1438
1808
1640
170
276
540
917
1445
1611
1488
148
318
523
980
1452b
174 3b
1620b
                                                             3.28
                                                                                     2.55
                                                                                                              4.65
       This value  is the slope of  the regression line based on various extract dose level* and does not identify
       response  at a particular extract since the response is not conpletely linear over the entire concentration used.
      ^Mot included in slope determination.
      clnitial TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used aa per Table 1.
      dRepeat TA-98 oedla, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 3.

-------
repeat assay but sample 24 (vial  513)  was  nearly identical.  Toxicity was
observed in all  samples at levels greater  then  200  ug/plate and in sample 22
(vial  512)  at levels greater than 100  ug/plate.

     Table  3 demonstrates the results  of the duplicate bioassay of the four sam-
ples tested.  The positive and negative controls nearly duplicated the revertant
numbers specific for each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay
described 1n Table 1.  However, a reduced  number of mutants was observed with
2-aminoanthracene in the repeat bioassay.   The  spontaneous mutation rate for TA
98 in the repeat bioassay was greater  than in the initial study; however, the
positive controls illustrate the ability of TA  98 to revert upon exposure to a
known mutagen, 2-n1trofluorene.    In  the  repeat bioassay minus an S9 mix, TA
1535 showed a weakly positive response when exposed to sample. No. 21 (vial 526).
At a sample concentration of 400 ug/plate, toxicity was observed in the repeat
study as it was in the initial  bioassay, although less toxicity was observed in
the repeat  study.  The slope for sample 21 (vial 526) in TA 1537. 1.21 was some-
what greater than that obtained in the initial  bioassay, 0.96.  The same sample
minus S9 mix using TA 1538 demonstrated a  slope of  2.16 in the repeat study which
Is greater  then the slope of 1.76 in the initial bioassay.  In the repeat study,
TA 98 elicited the greatest mutagenic  response  to sample 21 (vial 526) in the
absence of  an S9 mix.  A resulting slope of 3.30 revertants/ug of sample extract
was obtained in the repeat study using TA  98 as compared to a slope of 3.18 in
the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation  system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial  bioassay.  TA 1535 Illustrated
a nearly identical weak response to sample 21 (vial  526) in the repeat study as
                                     P-45

-------
                                                                REPORT 2A169
               TABLE  3.   AMES BIOASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF 1981 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS  DIESEL  EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                                   ORGANIC  SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL  DURING  FTP
13
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9*A
2NF
2AA
Sample 21
P20-181 S 182





Revertants/pg extract*
Sample 21
{•20-181 £ 182





Doae (Mg)/
plate





0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
GOO
1000

20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation/
S-9
No
Yes
No


No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
405
266
22
29
36
38
24
20
368
258
IB
30
33
33
24
29
443
274
21
24
30
31
34
24
405
266
20
28
33
34
27b
24b
1152

36
83
140
264
332

Toxicity
1191 1153

13 37
80 84
121 132
265 229
313 307
Toxicity
Toxicity
1165

35
82
131
253
317b


2732
492
62
133
237
383
237


2644 2813
453 465
65 57
144 133
240 225
339 316
264 264
Toxicity
Toxicity
2730
470
61
137
234
346D
255*>


2515
407
83
215
557
825
1341
1473
1422
2739
470
79
245
505
080
1387
1512
1548
2499 2584
504 460
94 85
236 232
541 534
903 869
1329 1352
1444 1476&
1627 1532b
                                                                          0.07
                                                                                                  1.21
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
27
29
33
61
78
91
55
20
33
33
67
102
102
67
12
27
32
51
89
92
57
20
30
33
60
90
95
60
                                                                                                           97
                                                                                                          193
                                                                                                          353
                                                                                                          520
                                                                                                         1029
 91    80
188   192
344   306
497   541
341   981
                   2.16

                    89
                   191
                   334
                   519
 94
185
417
793
            3.30

 80   100    91
236   20B   210
369   353   380
730   731   751
	               984b  1365  1464  1305  1378
1097  1120  1131   1116b  1541  1697  1680  1739b
1009   924   839   924&  2264  2115  2147  2175b
                                                                          C.05
                                                                                                                           2.39
     Revertants/yg extract


      This value is the slope of  the regression line based on various  extract dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract  since
     fathe response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
      Not included in slope  determination.
                                                                                                                                                    3.41

-------
compared to initial  bioassay.  TA 1538 in the presence of an S9 mix showed a
slightly greater mutagenic response to sample 21 (vial 526) as was observed
earlier in the initial bioassay.  In addition, TA 98 exhibited the strongest
mutagenic response to sample 21 (vial 526) in the presence of an 59 mix.   The
resulting slope was  3.41 in the repeat study as compared to 3.42 in the initial
bioassay.

     In summary, sample 21 (vial 526) was very weakly mutagenic in TA 1535 with
or without activation, although the presence of S9 elevates the slope slightly
over baseline.  A positive response was obtained in strains TA 1537 (without
activation), and TA 1538 and TA 98, with and without activation.  In TA 1538
and in TA 98, S9 enhanced mutagenic activity.  Samples 22 (vial 512), 23 (vial
602), and 24 (vial 513) were mutagenic in TA 98 without metabolic activation.
                                     P-47

-------
            SOUTHWEST  FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND  EDUCATION

            P.O. BOX 28147  W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY DR.   SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE 15)21 674-1410
                                                              September  24,  1981
                                  Final Report
                                      3A329


In Vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal Mutagenicity Assay of Four Samples Received
from Southwest Research Institute and Generated from a Turbo-charged Diesel Fiat
(No Catalyst) using Fuel EM-329-F
Submitted by:        	

               Arnaldo J. N^yola, M.A.            Nathan D. Greene, Ph.D.
               Assistant Research Scientist       Associate Foundation Scientist
               Milton V. Marshall, Ph.D.
               Associate Foundation Scientist
                                      P-48

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples for
mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.   The samples were
received on August 8, 1981, and were identified as sample 25 (vial 587) with a
weight of 0.287070 g, sample 26 (vial 545) with a weight of 0.079832 g, sample 27
(vial 546) with a weight of 0.045799 g, and sample 28 (vial 547) with a weight of
0.093887 g.  An aroclor 1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activation
system (S9 mix) was included in sample 25 (vial 587) using tester strains TA 98,
TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample 25 (vial 587) was tested in the
absence of an S9 mix using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.
Samples No. 26 (vial 545), 27 (vial 546), and 28 (vial 547) were tested using
tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl  sulfoxide (DMSO)  and tested at seven
levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000
ug/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate plates with and
without an S9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated in the above para-
graph.  A complete set of positive and negative controls was  incorporated into
the bioassay to illustrate that the system is working well  within optimum ranges.
Finally, an identical repeat of the above samples and controls was conducted as a
standard procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                      P-49

-------
                                     Results
     In the Initial bioassay, the results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are well within the optimum range established for our laboratory.  The
known positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific tester strains with
and without an S9 mix clearly illustrate the ability of the tester strains to
incorporate mutagens into their genetic structure causing a significant Increase
in the number of revertants over the negative controls (Table 1).

     Sample No. 25 (vial 587) showed a very weak mutagenic response on tester
strain TA 1535 when exposed to the seven chemical levels in the absence of an S9
mix.  TA 1537 minus S9 mix illustrated a positive mutagenic response showing an
almost linear response up to a chemical concentration of 600 ug/plate with a
resulting slope of 0.757 revertants per ug of sample extract.  TA 1538 minus S9
mix showed a slightly higher mutagenic response than TA 1537.  At 400 ug/plate,
there was an average of 421 revertants per plate.  The resulting slope was 1.04
revertants/ug of sample extract.  Toxicity was observed at 600 and 1000 ug/plate.
In the absence of S9 mix, TA 98 illustrated the highest mutagenic response on the
above sample.  At 400 ug/plate there was an average of 1242 revertants per plate
with a resulting slope at 3.17 revertants/ug of sample extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, the same sample illustrated a very
weak mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535.  Mutagenicity  was observed in
tester strains TA 1538 ard TA 98.  At 600 ug/plate, TA 1538 responded with an
average of 900 revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 1.50.   TA 98 exhibited
a decreased mutagenic response to the sample when S9 was employed with an average
of 1837 revertants  per plate at a sample concentration of 1000 ug/plate.  The
                                      P-50

-------
                                                         REPORT 3A329
    TABLE 1.   AMES  BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF TURBOCHARGED  FIAT DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                              ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-329-F  FUEL DURING FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
U'iltor Blank)
Positive Controls
NaN3
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sample 25 .
P20-197 & 198





Revertants/Ug extract*
Sample 25
P20-197 's 198





Dose (pg)/
plate




0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000

20
60
100
200'
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation.
S-9
No
Yea
No

No
No
No
Yon
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
0.5
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
Yon
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
329
240
20
20
15
30
19
21
29
350
226
20
21
19
20
21
26
26
325
249
21
19
22
20
30
21
21
.135
230
20
20
19
2(1
23
23
25
344

12
30
62
179
318
471
629
446

14
37
5J
167
326
470
591
505

20
43
55
140
300
368
488
433

15
37
57
162
315
436
569b
2315
443
44
76
120
301
431
625
625
2241
631
30
79
124
2G5
405
609
665
2366
442
41
76
120
277
428
610
594
2307
505
38
77
127
288
421
615)
628>
11
11
11
21
43
61
65
 8
IS
17
27
41
58
54
13
14
22
29
42
56
53
0.005

  11
  13
  17
  26
  42
  58
  57

 0.05
                                                                                          0.757
                                                                                                   73
                                                                                                   89
                                                                                                  149
                                                                                                  366
 55
 92
156
343
 66
 93
145
348
                                                                                                  62V   666   Cn6
1.04

 65
 91
150
352
660
                                                                                                                           55
                                                                                                                                 55
                                                                                                                                      62
 70
130
160
438
                                                                                                                   1.50
                                                                                                                         2332  2397  219(1
                                                                                                                         2943  2985  2900  2943
                                                                                                                                            57
                                                                                                                          185   174   179   179
                                                                                                                          261   252   2!i4   256
                                                                                                                          662   675   657   665
                                                                                                                         1235  1249  1243  1242
                                                                                                                   615b  1644  1538  1417  1533b
                                                                                                                   628b  1-16  1BB5  1826  1849b
           3.17

 80    62    75
107   106   -114
151   148   153
399   367   401
                                                                                                                          942   939   886   922
                                                                                                  928'  925   848   900   1266   1229  1190  1228
                                                                                                 1307  1229   1171  1236b  1980   1889  1643  1837.
Revertants/jig extract

a
 This value  is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does  not identify response at •' particular extract since
bthe response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not Included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                           1.83

-------
resulting  slope  was  1.88 revertants per pg of sample extract.  The S9 fraction
appeared to  protect  the TA 98 strain from toxicity observed without an activation
system.

     Table 2 shows the results obtained from the other three samples tested using
TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial bioassay,
sample 26  (vial  545) illustrated a mutagenic response in the absence of an S9
mix.   At 600 yg/plate TA 98 showed an average of 1712 revertants per plate with a
resulting  slope  of 2.93 revertants/ug of sample extract.  Sample 27 (vial 546)
Illustrated  a slope  of 1.39 revertants per ug of sample extract with an average
of 814 revertants at a sample concentration of 600 ng/plate.  The last sample in
the initial  bioassay exhibited the strongest mutagenic response.  Sample 28 (vial
547)  in the  absence  of S9 mix showed an average of 1405 revertants at a sample
concentration of 400 ug/plate with a resulting slope of 3.40 revertants/yg of
sample extract.

     Table 3 and Table 2 show the results of the replicate testing of the four
samples tested in the bioassay.  The repeated positive and negative controls
nearly duplicated the revertant numbers specific for each tester strain as com-
pared to the initial bioassay described in Table 1.  The spontaneous mutation
rate  for TA  98 in the repeat bioassay was higher than the initial  study;  however,
the positive controls illustrate the ability of TA 98 to revert upon exposure to
a known mutagen.  In the repeat study minus an S9 mix, TA 1535 showed a negative
response when exposed .to sample No. 25 (vial 587).   At the highest sample concen-
tration of 1,000 yg/plate, toxicity was observed in the repeat study as it was in
the initial  bioassay.   The slope for sample 25 (vial 587) in TA 1537, 0.766, was
nearly identical  to  that obtained in the initial bioassay, 0.757.   The same
                                      P-52

-------
                                                         REPORT 3A329
       TABLE 2.   AMES BlOASSAY (INITIAL AND REPEAT WITHOUT S-9) OP TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL  (NO  CATALYST)
          EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F FUEL  DURING HFET,  NYCC,  AND 85  KPH
                                                                    TAOM, Numbor of Ravcrtanta Far Plata
171
Ul
                  Done (I'll/Plato

                  Initial0

                      20
                      60
                     100
                     200
                     400
                     600
                    1000

               Revertanta,  u>
2.93
78
199
403
687
1383
1650
NVCC
Sample 27
1
52
78
187
325
'32
SIS
1131

51
119
241
352
732
956
2
44
91
155
337
671
833
1214

37
110
210
342
702
932
, P20-200
3
66
92
175
319
b94
794
1111

46
108
220
318
676
849
Avg.
54
07
172
327
666
814.
1152b
1.39
45
112
224
337
703
912
85 kph
Eanplo2U
1
127
260
395
851
1417
1833
1993

119
252
397
797
1471
1743
2
100
286
368
815
1399
1050
21C9

90
281
385
810
1313
1800
, P20-201
j
123
264
404
724
1400
1781
1981

123
223
393
697
1308
1720
Avq.
117
270
389
797
1405
1021b
2028b
3.40
111
252
392
768
1364
1754°
                                                   1950  2022  2115  2029b  1210   1262 1151  1208b    1992  1875  1815  1894b
                                                                    2.82
                                                                                           1.52
                                                                                                                    3.31
                This value la the elope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not Identify
                response at a particular extract since the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
               ''Not Included in slope determination.
               clnitial TA-98 nedia, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 1'.
               "Repeat TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 3.

-------
                                                        REPORT 3A329
       TABLE  3.   AMES BIOASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF TURBOCHARGED FIAT  DIESEL (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                              ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F  FUEL DURING FTP
Sample Identification
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls •
Hat) 3
9AA
2NP
2*A :
Sample 25
P20- 197 & 198





*j> Rev«rtantB/|Jg extract*
Ln
*•• Sample 25
P20- 197 S 198





Dose (pg)/
plate





O.S
50
5
3
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000


20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No
Yea
No


No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No


Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
                                                                            Number of favcrtants Per Plate
                                                     TA 1535
                                                 31
                                                 10
                                                 23
                                                                            TA 1537
                                                                                                    TA 1538
                                                                                                                           TA 98
                                                                                                          3   Avg.    1    2     3
25
22
26
33
17
31
30
16
27
                                                                        16
                                                                             13
                                                                             13
                                                                                   13
                                                                                        14
                                                                                        10
21
21
 9
14
21
21
20
22
24
18
21
18
28
29
27
40
40
38
31
43
30
                                                238   220   254   237
                                                436   384   432   417
                                                                       399
                                                                             366   301   355
                                                                                              2395  2483  2529  2469
                                                                                              1527  1418  1668  1538
                                                                 0.06
                                                                                                               1.36
Avn.

 33
 37
 32
                                                              2361  2473  2446  2-M7
                                                              2341  2644  2540  2508
32
23
24
33
23
24
19

20
20
18
37
J8
,59
77
29
30
28
25
25
25
IB

17
28
17
15
43
68
68
33
24
30
34
29
25
20

29
15
19
26
41
56
65
31
26
27
31
26
28
19
-O.OOB
22
21
18
26
•11
f.l
70
20
36
71
181
356
433
509








22
42
54
150
368
463
540








21
42
58
166
302
420
545








21
40
61
166
342
439

0.766







39
88
93
231
442
566
556

72
119
173
339
688
837
1177
54
81
115
279
432
547
545

58
121
156
328
602
872
1202
38
89
107
248
442
464
528

59
95
146
350
583
7/2
1145
44
86
105
269
439
526»>
54 jb
1.07
63
112
153
339
624
827
117Sb
79
173
288
628
1268
1512
1761

75
146
175
481
929
1187
1811
66
154
263
662
1112
1326
1704

77
131
138
496
821
1190
1755
54
141
240
577
1070
1371
1711

64
110
138
437
858
1150
1708
66
156
264
622
1150
I006b
1725b
2.92
72
131
150
471
869
1176
1758
Revertants/pg extract


 This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract since
bthe response is not confiletely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                     1.77

-------
sample minus S9 mix using TA 1538 showed a slope of 1.07 in the repeat study
which is almost Identical to the slope of 1.04 of the initial bioassay.  In the
repeat study. TA 98 elicited the greatest mutagenic response to sample 25 (vial
587) 1n the absence of an S9 mix.  A resulting slope of 2.92 revertants/yg of
sample extract was obtained in the repeat study using TA 98 as compared to a
slope of 3.17 1n the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial bioassay.  TA 1535 illustrated
an Identical weak response to sample 25  (vial 587) in the repeat study as com-
pared to initial bioassay.  TA 1538 in the presence of an S9 mix showed a
stronger mutagenic response to sample 25 (vial 587) as was observed earlier in
the Initial bioassay.  In addition, TA 98 exhibited the strongest mutagenic
response to sample 25 (vial 587) in the presence of an S9 mix, although this
value was lower than that obtained without the S9 mix.  The resulting slope was
1.77 1n the repeat study as compared to 1.88  in the initial bioassay.

     Table 2 shows the results of the initial and repeat bioassays on samples No.
26 (vial 545), 27 (vial 546), and 28 (vial 547) using tester strain TA 98 in the
absence of a metabolic activation system.  The repeat study illustrates that
sample 28 (vial 547) has the highest mutagenic response when compared to the
other two samples.  Sample 27 (vial 546) shows the lowest mutagenicity of these
samples with a slope of 1.52 in the repeat study which compares favorably with
the slope of 1.39 obtained in the inital bioassay.  Finally, sample 26 (vial 545)
shows an intermediate mutagenic response with a resulting slope of 2.82 as
compared to a slope of 2.93 obtained in the initial bioassay.
                                       P-55

-------
     In summary, sample 25 (vial 587) was nonmutagenic in TA 1535 with or without
activation, although the presence of S9 elevates the slope slightly over base-
line.  A positive response was obtained in strains TA 1537 (without activation),
and TA 1538 and TA 98, without and without activation.  In TA 1538, S9 enhances
mutagenic activity, while in TA 98, the activity decreased with S9.  Samples  26
(vial 545), 27 (vial 546), and 28 (vial 547) were mutagenic in TA 98 without
metabolic activation.  The relative activity obtained was sample 28 (vial 547).>
sample 26 (vial 545) > sample 27 (vial 546).
                                     •P-56

-------
          SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION  FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

          P.O. BOX 28147   W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY OR.  SAN  ANTONIO, TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE (5121 674-1410
                                                              September 30,  1981
                                  Final Report
                                     3A469


In Vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal Mutagenicity Assay of Four Samples Received
from Southwest Research Institute and Generated from a Fiat Turbocharged Diesel
(no catalyst) using Fuel  EM-469-F
Submitted by:   	
               Arnaldo J.  Noyola, M.A.            Nathan D.  Greene,  Ph.D.
               Assistant Research Scientist       Associate  Foundation  Scientist
               Milton V.  Marshall, Ph.D.
               Associate  Foundation Scientist
                                      P-57

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and  Education examined four samples for
mutagenlcity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurlum bioassay.  The samples were
received on August 20, 1981, and were identified as sample 29 (vial 630) with a
weight of 0.411470 g, sample 30 (vial  594)  with a weight of 0.100163 g, sample 31
(vial 579) with a weight of 0.045719 g, and sample 32  (vial 590) with a weight of
0.115647 g.  An Aroclor 1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activation
system (S9 mix) was included in sample 29  (vial 630) using tester strains TA 98,
TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample  29  (vial 630) was tested in the
absence of an S9 mix using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537; and TA 1538.
Samples No. 30 (vial 594). 31 (vial 579), and 32 (vial 590) were tested using
tester strain TA 98 In the absence of a metabolic activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl  sulfoxide  (DMSO) and tested at seven
levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000
ug/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate with and without an
S9 mix and on specific tester strains as Indicated in the above paragraph.  A
complete set of positive and negative controls was incorporated into the bioassay
to demonstrate that the system was working  within optimum ranges.  Finally, a
duplicate bioassay of the above samples and controls was conducted as a standard
procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                      P-58

-------
                                     Results
     In the initial bioassay,  the  results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are well within the optimum  range established for our laboratory.  The
known positive mutagens which  we routinely use on specific tester strains with
and.without an S9 mix clearly  illustrate the ability of the tester strains to
Incorporate mutagens into their genetic structure causing a significant increase
in the number of revertants  over the  negative controls (Table 1).

     Sample No. 29 (vial  630)  showed  a negative mutagenic response on tester
strain TA 1535 when exposed  to the seven chemical levels in the absence of an S9
mix.  TA 1537 minus S9 mix illustrated a positive mutagenic response showing an
almost linear response up to a chemical concentration of 400 pg/plate with a
resulting slope "Of 1.22 r-evertants/yg of sample extract.  Toxicity was observed
at levels greater than 400 ug/plate.  TA 1538 minus S9 mix showed a greater
mutagenic response than TA 1537.   At  200 yg/plate, there was an average of 422
revertants/plate.  The resulting.slope was 2.14 revertants/yg of sample extract.
Toxicity was observed at higher levels of extract.  In the absence of S9 mix, TA
98 demonstrated the greatest mutagenic response on the above sample.  At 200
yg/plate there was an average  of 978  revertants/plate with a resulting slope of
5.0 revertants/yg of sample  extract.

     In the presence of.an activation system, the same sample illustrated a very
weak mutagenic response on tester  strain TA 1535.  Mutagenlcity was observed 1n
tester strains TA 1538 and TA  98.  At 200 yg/plate, TA 1538 responded with an
average of 509 revertants/plate with  a resulting slope of 2.46.  TA 98 exhibited
a decreased mutagenic response to  the sample when S9 was employed with an average
                                      P-59

-------
                                                               REPORT "3A469
         TABLE 1.   AMES.BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF  TURBOCHARGED  FIAT DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST  PARTICULATE
                                  ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH  EM-469-F FUEL DURING FTP

Dose (\ig)/
Sample Identification plate
Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Metabolic
Activation.
S-9
NO
Yea
No

Number of Revortants Per
TA 1535
1
19
10
1G

2
IB
9
15

3
21
17
17

Avq. 1
19 14
12
16 8

TA 1537
2 3 Avg .
959

898

Plate



TA 1538
1
14
7
10

2
9
13
10

3
9
13
12

Avg.
11
11
11

1
17
29
21




TA 98 •
2
10
21
14

3
15
28
14

Avg.
14
26
20

    Positive  Controls
      2NF
      2AA

    Sample 29
    P2U-225 6  226
    Revertants/Ug extract8
O   Sairplo 29
    P20-225 & 226
0.5
50
 5
 3

  20
  60
 100
 200'
 400
 600
1000
  20
  60
 100
 200
 400
 600
 1000
No
No
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
310
322
7
16
14
18
11
18
14
315
285
8
IB
15
12
10
22
10
301
251
10
10
21
11
9
23
16
309
286
B
14
17
14
10
21
13
678

31
65
87
278
472
514
409
771

29
49
104
304
434
501
441
831

26
75
103
236
525
487
446
762

29
63
98
273
477
501b
432b
2435
1717
43
117
222
429
606
561
337
2309
1646
34
140
196
438
566
595
292
2345
1587
32
116
193
398
609
560
312
2363
1650
36
124
204
422
594b
579b
314b
2382
2323
83
272
525
989
1515
1957
2107
2279
2185
93
248
498
962
1579
I860
2213
2505
1965
84
275
524
984
1548
1863
2123
2389
2158
87
265
516
978
I547b
1893b
2148b
                                          0.00
                                                                                                1.22
                                                                                                                         2.14
Yes
Yen
Yen
Yen
Yes
Yes
Yes
11
18
19
39
49
69
51
19
13
13
34
42
55
46
16
Q
13
32
35
64
55
15
13
15
35
42
63
51
                                                                        0.05
                                                                                                                         2.46
                                                                                                                                                 5.00
84
129
265
539
886
66
157
257
496
897
65
168
249
492
837
72
151
257
509
87 3b
61
173
292
794
13S5
66
140
293
742
1313
73
145
310
702
1346
67
153
298
746
1341
                                                                                                       1217  1138  1061  1139b  1383  1796  1892  1892
                                                                                                       1343  1304  1150  126615  2472  2340  2269  2360b
    Rever^ants/pg extract .'

     This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at • particular extract since
    ^the response is not cotipletely linear over the entire concentration used.
     Not included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                                 3.22

-------
of 1341 revertants/plate at a sample concentration of 400 vg/plate.  The result-
ing slope was 3.22 revertants/yg of sample extract..  The S9 fraction appeared to
protect the TA 98 strain from toxicity observed without an activation system.

     Table 2 Illustrates the results obtained from the other three samples tested
using TA 98 1n the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial bio-
assay, sample 30 (vial 594) Illustrated a fairly strong mutagenic response in the
absence of an S9 mix.  At 200 ug/plate TA 98 showed an average of 1118 rever-
tants/plate with a resulting slope of 5.34 revertants/ug of sample extract.
Sample 31 (vial 579) had a slope of 1.07 revertants/pg of sample extract with an
average of 449 revertants at a sample concentration of 400 pg/plate.  Sample 32
(vial 590) 1n the absence of S9 mix showed an average of 1060 revertants at a
sample concentration of 200 yg/plate with a resulting slope of 5.02 revertants/ug
of sample extract.

     Table 2 also shows the results of the repeat bioassays on samples 30 (vial
594), 31 (vial 579), and 32 (vial 590) using tester strain TA 98 in the absence
of a metabolic activation system.  The repeat study of sample 30 (vial 594)
demonstrated the highest mutagenic response when compared to the other two
samples with a slope of 5.11 revertants/yg compared to 5.34 in the initial  bio-
assay.  Sample 31 (vial 579) exhibits the lowest mutagenic response of these
samples with a slope of 1.11 in the repeat study which compares favorably with
the slope of 1.07 obtained in the Inital bioassay.  Finally, sample 32 (vial 590)
demonstrated a mutagenic response slightly lower than sample 30 (vial 594)  in the
repeat bioassay with a resulting slope of 4.78 as compared to a slope of 5.02
obtained in the initial bioassay.  Slightly lower values were obtained with
sample 30 (vial  594) and sample 32 (vial 590) in the repeat bioassay but sample
                                        P-61

-------
                                                          REPORT  3A469
      TABLE 2.   AMES BIOASSRY  (INITIAL &  REPEAT WITHOUT S-9) OF TURBOCHARGED  FIAT  DIESEL  (NO  CATALYST)
      EXHAUST PARTICULATE  ORGANIC  SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F  FUEL DURING HFET, NYCC,  AND 85  KPH
                                                                       TA9B, Number of Bevcrtnnta Per Plate
ffi
to
                   Pose (tig) /plater
                   Initial

                       20
                       60
                      100
                      200
                      400
                      600
                     1000

                Revertants, yg extract"
                        ..d
                                         Metabolic
                                        Activation.
                                           S-9
No
No
Mo
No
No
No
Ho
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
                                                                                      IIYCC
 Saaple  3O. P2O-227               	
I    2    _3_   Avg.     1      2   ~1
                                                                    kph
142
350
599
1110
1809
245J
2648
159
396
551
1135
1956
2253
2556
171
363
584
1101
1863
2254
2630
157
370
578
1118
1676b
2319b
2611b
56
B7
148
265
475
689
860
44
91
97
221
416
597
838
45
78
137
236
456
608
832
48
85
127
241
449
631b
84 3b
                           5.34
                                                      141   160   137   146
                                                      304   328   309   314
                                                      553   545   551   550
                                                     1059  1048  1056  1054
                                                     1615  1566  1548  I576b
                                                     2068  2036  1868  1991b
                                                   1.07
                                                            Saaple 32.  P20- 229
                                                           _!_  _2_    3   Avq.
                                                148   157   164   156
                                                408   365   321   365
                                                630   601   617   616
                                                970  1100  1111  1060
                                               1659  1708  1730  1699*>
                                               2002  18J7  2123  1987b
                                               2305  2329  2357  23iOb

                                                                 5.02
S3
92
143
273
465
666
61
83
150
264
481
658
61
72
117
250
459
614
58
82
137
262
468
646b
174
352
537
1057
1680
1976
163
405
615
994
1563
1985
178
309
604
1034
1511
1940
172
355
585
1028
1585b
1967b
                                                     2162  2420  2341  2308b    929   930  876   912b    1825  2094  2051   1990b
                Revert&nts, vq extract*
                                                                       5.11
                                                                                               1.11
                                                                                                                       4.78
                 Tills value Is the slope of tha regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not Identify
                 response at a particular extract since the response Is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
                bNot included in-slope determination.
                clnitial TA-98 aedia, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 1.
                dRepeat TA-98 Dedia, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 3.

-------
31 (vial 579) was nearly Identical.  Toxicity was observed  in all samples at
levels greater then 200 pg/plate.

     Table 3 demonstrates the results of the duplicate bioassay of sample 29
(vial 630).  The duplicate positive and negative controls are within experimental
range for each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay described in
Table 1.  However, a greater number of mutants was observed with 2-aminoanthra-
cene in the repeat bioassay.  In the repeat bioassay minus  an S9 mix, TA 1535
again showed a negative mutagenic response when exposed to  sample No. 29 (vial
630).  At a sample concentration of 600 ug/plate, slightly  less toxicity was
observed in the repeat study.  The slope for sample 29 (vial 630) in TA 1537,
1.12 was somewhat less than that obtained in the initial bioassay, 1.22.  The
same sample minus S9 mix using TA 1538 demonstrated a slope of 1.08 in the repeat
study which is less than the slope of 2.14 in the initial bioassay.  In the
repeat study, TA 98 elicited the greatest mutagenic response to sample 29 (vial
630).in the absence of an S9 mix.  A resulting slope of 4.26 revertants/ug of
sample extract was obtained in the repeat study using TA 98 as compared to a
slope.of 5.0 in the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial bioassay.  TA 1535 illustrated
a nearly identical weak response to sample 29 (vial 630) in the repeat study as
compared to initial  bioassay.  TA 1538 in the presence of an 59 mix showed a
mutagenic response to sample 29 (vial 630) that was nearly identical  to that
observed  in the initial bioassay.  In addition, TA 98 exhibited a decreased
mutagenic response to sample 29 (vial 630) in the presence of an 59 mix.  The
resulting siope was 2.88 in the repeat study as compared to 3.22 in the initial
bi oa.s say.                               p_63

-------
                                                         REPORT 3A469
       TABLE 3.   AMES  BIQASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF  TUKBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL  (NO CATALYST)  EXHAUST PARTICULATE
                                 ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL DURING FTP
S>
29jb
244D
2223
2630
69
135
246
807
1242
1515
1950
2265
2828
55
132
220
813
1266
1565
1979
1760 2083
2865 2774
4G 57
152 140
279 248
787 802
1137 1215b
1522 1S34>>
2113 2014»>
                                                                 4.26

                                                                  U3
                                                                 159
                                                                 298
                                                                 705
                                                     811°  1231  1256  1226  1238
                                                     968°  1694  1723  1709  1709
                                                     926b  2276  2148  2177  2200**
Revertants/gg extract


 This value is  the slope of the regression line baaed on various extract dose levels and does not  identify response at a particular extract ainca
^the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
 Not included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                          2.88

-------
     In summary, sample 29 (vial 630) was very weakly mutagenic 1n TA 1535 with
metabolic activation; the absence of S9 reveals no mutagenic activity.   A posi-
tive response was obtained in strains TA 1537 (without activation), and TA 1538
and TA 98, with and without activation.  In TA 1538 but not in TA 98, S9 enhanced
routagenic activity.  Samples 30 (vial 594), 31 (vial 579),  and 32 (vial 590)
were mutagenic in TA 98 without metabolic activation.
                                      P-65

-------
           SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION FOR  RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

           P.O. BOX 28147  W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY OR.   SAN ANTONIO, TEXA8 78284   TELEPHONE (5121 674-14'0
                                                          November 25,  1981
                                 Final Report

                                     3B329

In Vitro Ames  Salmonella/microsomal Mutagenlcity Assay of Four Samples Received
from Southwest Research  Institute and Generated from a Flat Turbocharged Diesel
(with underfloor catalytic trap) using Fu
-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples for
mutagenldty using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.  The samples were
received on October 3, 1981, and were identified  as sample 33 (FTP 691) with a
weight of 0.169580 g, sample 34 (HFET 698) with a weight of 0.026566 g, sample 35
(NYCC 704) with a weight o\ 0.027415 g, and sample 36  (85 kph 705) with a weight
of C. 028934 g.  An Aroclor 1254-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic activa-
tion system (S9 mix) was included in sample 33 using tester strains TA 98, TA
1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample 33 was tested  in the absence of an S9 mix
using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples No. 34, 35,
and 35 were tested using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activ-
ation
     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl  sulfoxide -(DMSO) an.d tested at seven
levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000
wg/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate with and without an
S9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated in the above paragraph.  A
complete set of .positive and negative controls  was incorporated into the bioassay
to demonstrate that the system was working within optimum ranges.  Finally, a
duplicate bioassay of the above samples and  controls was conducted as a standard
procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                      p-67  •

-------
                                     Results
     A range finding study was conducted on sample no.  33  in tester strains TA 98
and TA 1535.  The range finding study as shown 1n Table 1  disclosed that sample
no. 33 was reactive in tester strain TA 98, both with and  without metabolic
activation, although the reactivity was enhanced by the presence of metabolic
activating enzymes.  The sample was toxic to the tester organisms at 1000 ug/
plate.  Consequently, it was determined that an upper limit of 1000 pg/plate
would be appropriate for definitive testing, and a range of concentrations from
20 to 1000 ug/plate was selected.  In TA 1535, no mutagenlcity was observed with-
out metabolic activation.  Using an S9 fraction for metabolic activation,
increased mutagenic activity was observed.   Again, toxicity was observed at
1000 pg/plate.

     In the initial bioassay, the results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are within the optimum range established for our  laboratory.  The known
positive mutagens which we routinely use on specific tester strains with and
without an S9 mix clearly illustrate the ability of the tester strains to incor-
porate mutagens into their genetic structure, causing a significant increase in
the number of revertants over the negative  controls (Tables 2 and 4).

     In Table 2, sample no. 33 showed a weak mutagenic  response in tester strain
TA 1535 when exposed to the seven chemical  levels in the absence of an S9 frac-
tion.  Toxicity was observed at 400 ug/plate, and the slope was 0.07 revertants/
wg extract.  TA 1537 minus S9 demonstrated  a greater mutagenic response than TA
1535 with a resulting slope of 1.72 revertants/ug extract.  Toxicity was also
observed at levels above 200 pg/plate.   TA  1538 minus S9 showed a greater muta-
genic response than both TA 1537 and TA 1535.   At 400 ug/plate, there was an
                                      £-68

-------
average of 489 revertants/plate.  The resulting  slope was 2.60 revertants/ug of
sample extract.  Toxicity was observed at  higher levels of extract.  In the
absence of S9 mix, TA 98 demonstrated the  greatest mutagenic response to the
above sample.  At 400 ug/plate there was an  average of 1947 revertants/plate with
a resulting slope of 4.93 revertants/pg of sample extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, decreased mutagenidty was observed
for sample no. 33 in strains TA 1535, TA 1538, and TA 98.  Sample no. 33 illus-
trated a very weak mutagenic response on tester  strain TA 1535 with a resulting
slope of 0.06 revertants/ug extract.  At 400 pg/plate, TA 1538 responded with an
average of 567 revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 1.40 revertants/pg.  TA
98 exhibited a decreased mutagenic response  to the sample when S9 was employed
with an average of 1041 revertants/plate at  a sample concentration of 400 pg/
plate.  The resulting slope was 2.66 revertants/wg of sample extract.

     Table 3 Illustrates the results obtained from the other three samples tested
using TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic  activation system.  In the initial bio-
assay, sample 34 illustrated a strong mutagenic  response in the absence of an S9
mix.  At 200 pg/plate TA 98 showed an average of 2202 revertants/plate with a
resulting slope of 10.76 revertants/pg of  sample extract.  Sample 35 had a slope
of 7.36 revertants/pg of sample extract with an  average of 1591 revertants at a
sample concentration of 200 pg/plate.  Sample 36 showed an average of 2190 rever-
tants at a sample concentration of 200 pg/plate  with a resulting slope of 9.82
rsvertants/pg of sample extract.

     Table 3 also shows the results of the repeat bloassays on samples 34, 35,
and 36 using tester strain TA 98 in the absence  of a metabolic activation system.
                                      P-69

-------
The repeat study of sample 34 demonstrated a decreased mutagenic  response when
compared to the initial bioassay with a slope of 6.08 revertants/pg compared to
10.76 1n the initial bioassay.  Sample 35 exhibited an increased  mutagenic
response in TA 98 with a slope of 8.71 in the repeat study  which  compares favor-
ably with the slope of 7.36 obtained in the inital  bioassay.   Finally, sample 36
demonstrated a decreased mutagenic response 1n the  repeat bioassay with a result-
Ing slope of 7.42 as compared to a slope of 9.82 obtained in  the  initial bio-
assay.  Toxicity was observed in all samples at levels greater than 200.ug/plate.

     Table 4 demonstrates the results of the duplicate bioassay of sample nc  33.
The duplicate positive and negative controls are within experimental range for
each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay described  in Table 2.  In
the repeat bioassay minus an S9 mix, TA 1535 showed a negative mutagenic response
when exposed to sample No. 33.  At a sample concentration of  200  ug/plate, 23
revertants/plate were observed.  The slope for sample 33 in TA'1537, 2.49 was
higher than that obtained in the initial bioassay,  1.72.  The.same sample minus
S9 mix using TA 1538 demonstrated a slope of 5.85 .in the repeat study which was
nearly twice the slope of 2.60 observed in the initial  bioassay.  Nearly twice
tne number or mutants were observed in.the repeat assay although  the positive
controls were nearly the same.  In the repeat study, TA 98  elicited a lower muta-
genic response to sample 33 in the absence of an S9 mix.  A resulting slope of
3.19 reverta'nts/yg of sample extract was obtained in.the repeat study using TA 98
compared to a slope of 4.93 in the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system,  the  above  sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial  bioassay.   TA  1535 illustrated
an identical  weak response to sample no. 3"3, 0.06 revertant/yg, in the repeat
                                       P-70

-------
                                                         REPORT 3B329
       TABLE  1.  AMES  BIOASSAY  (RANGE-FINDING)  OF TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL (WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP)
                   EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH EM-329-F  BASE  FUEL DURING FTP

Swple
Identification
tedla Control
Media control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)
Positive Controls
NaNj
9AA
2NF
2AA
Sairple No. 33






Dose,

-------
                                                           REPORT 3B329
           TABLE  2.   AMES BIAOSSAY  (INITIAL)  OF TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL  (WITH  UNDERFLOOR  CATALYTIC TRAP)
                        EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED  WITH EM-329-F BASE  FUEL DURING  FTP
            Sample
         Identification

         Media Control
         Media Control
         Solvent Control
         (Filter Blank)
                              Metabolic
                     Dose,
                  (|iq)/plate
Activation,
S-9
No
YOU
No
1
15
10
19
TA
2
IB
7
13
1535
3 Avg
12 15
6 8
9 14
' TA 1537
1
7

8
2
9

6
3 Avg
5 7

5 6
1
14
21
19
TA
2
17
21
13
1538
3
15
23
7
TA 98
Avg
15
22
13
1
22
24
24
2
25
24
18
3 Avg
19 22
23 24
22 21
         Positive Controls

           9AA
           2HF
           2AA

         Sample  No. 33




20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
Yes
No
NO
No
No
No
No
No
227


480
11
12
15
29
11
10
221


497
12
23
13
27
8
9
228


514
18
15
15
29
12
11
Toxicity
225
740

497
14 31
17 46
14 128
28 298
10b 331
lO*1 346

973 760


25 17
54 52
99 156
310 355
317 380
317 321
Toxicity

831
2089
281
24 35
51 9D
128 204
321 524
34 3b 426
328b 459


1970 2075
275 214
40 40
86 78
222 182
460 483
428 468
463 431
Toxicity


2045 2017
257 2581
38 83
85 297
203 583
489 1135
441b2023
451b2128
2042


1916
2420
98
264
641
1230
1915
2329
2132


1932 1955
2461 2487
71 84
249 270
610 611
1139 1168
1904 1947
2354 227015
2108 2094b
-J
N)
Revertants/ug
 extract3

Sample  No. 33
          Revertants/Ug
          extract*
                                                                0.07
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
13
13
17
23
36
47
38
14
20
18
43
42
52
42
13
15
20
32
38
49
39
13
16
18
33
39
49
401
                                                                O.O6
                                                                                  1.72
                                                                                        39
                                                                                        78
                                                                                       135
                                                                                       264
                                                                                       588
 50
 54
139
243
573
 40
 63
152
260
539
2.60

  43
  65
 142
 54
129
227
550
        4.93

 53  47    51
123  106  119
212  211  217
483  490  508
                                                                                                     567 1119 1048  955 1041
                                                                                       851  846  755  817b1768 1575 1573 1639b
                                                                                       1197 1177 1048 1141b2543 2383 2227 2384b
                                                                                           1.40
                                                                                                              2.66
          Itiis value  is the slope of the reqression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at a partic
          tne response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
         ^ot included in slope determination.
                                                                                                                                          since

-------
                                            REPORT 3B329
TABLE 3.   AMES BIOASSAY (INITIAL AND REPEAT WITHOUS  S-9)  OP TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL
  (WITH  UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP)  EXHAUST  PARTICULATE ORGANIC  SOLUBLES WITH EM-329-P
                            BASE FUEL DURING HFET, NYCC,  AND 85 KPH
                                                     TA 98, Number of Revertants Per Plate


Dose, (lig) /plate
Initial
20
GO
100
200
400
600
1,000
Metabolic
Activation,
S-9

No
No
No
No
No
No
No
lirET
Sample 34
123 Avg

249 252 286 262
720 708 732 720
1406 1101 1225 1244
2294 2173 2140 2202
2245 2886 2750 2627b
2646 2791 2593 2677°
2705 2711 2867 2761
NYCC
Sample 35
1 2_ 3 Avg

275 285 228 263
589 580 525 565
919 789 827 845
1180 1514 1580 1591
1886 1963 2021 igS?1*
1774 1742 1789 1768°
1058 981 1150 106 3b
US kph
<)j)imilf> Ifi
123 Avg

363 393 419 392
919 BOO 989 903
1447 1345 1303 1365
2123 2211 2236 2190
2270 2466 2583 2440b
2344 2569 2629 2514b
1076 1972 2003 1894b
    Revertants/us extract

       Ropeatd	

          20
          60
         100
         200
         400
         600
       l.OOO

    Sever tan ts/lig extract
                                                   10.76
                                                                            7.36
                                                     6.08
                                                                           8.71
                                                                                                   9.82
No
No.
No
No
No
No
No
222 200 237 220
413 444 405 421
683 699 669 684
1365 1331 1211 1302
1932 1998 1852 1927b
2083 1893 1906 1961b
1094 1508 1316 1306b
260 325 '290 292
576 636 634 615
1139 1114 1097 1117
1802 1891 1842 1845
2278 2214 2214 2234b
2204 2327 2395 2309b
2416 2510 2634 2530b
349 333 321 334
799 802 765 789
1309 1302 1311 1307
1470 1796 1849 1705
2473 2306 2431 2403b
2099 2414 2371 2295b
1838 2119 2072 2010b
                                                                                                   7.42
    This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify
    response at a particular extract since the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
   "Hot included in slope determination.
   ^Initial TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 2.
   "Repeat TA-98 nedia, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 4.

-------
                                                   REPORT  3B329
 TABLE 4.   AMES  BIOASSAY (REPEAT)  OF  NATURALLY-ASPIRATED  FIAT  DIESEL  (WITH CATALYTIC TRAP)
       EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH  EM-329-F  BASE FUEL DURING FTP
   Sample
Identification  •

HeJla Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)

Positive Controls
  NaN3
  9AA
  2NF
  2AA

Sample  NO. 33
            Metabolic
  Dose,
jug)/plate
                                                             Hurcbcr of Bevettanta Per Plate
Revertants/pg
 extract*

Sample No. 33
    20
    60
    100
    200
    400
    600
   1000
                       20
                       60
                      100
                      200
                      400
                      600
                     1000
Activation,
S-9
No
Yea
No
Ho
No
No
Yes
Mo
No
No
No
NO
No
No
1
42
22
34
383


300
IB
33
25
TA 1535
2
23
15
26
319


308
41
20
30
28 30
30 23
11 9
Toxicity
3
23
18
32
363


296
24
31
27
10
25
28
Avg 1
29 12
18
31 U
355
733

301
28 41
28 85
27 265
TA 1537
2 3
17 8

11 11

•418 426


32 25
71 102
233 216
23 477 422 499
26b 364 433 444
16b 269 273 264
Toxicity
-0.03
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
18
20
34
42
54
52
11
34
27
34
46
67
62
19
26
40
39
42
55
56
22
26
29
36
43
59
57
17b






Avg
12

13

526


33
86
238
466
414b
269b
2.49





TA
1 2
16 8
31 24
16 12


2335 2358
353 254
60 57
188 170
460 538
1538
3
10
28
ia


2255
275
54
209
464
1132 1094 1006
822 1014 1253
684 417 513
Toxicity

81 67
235 202
330 353
654 588
993 918
1436 1159
827 774

82
196
360
615

Avg 1
11 38
28 33
15 17


2316 1885
294 2503
57 69
189 193
487 449
1077 994
1030b1352
538b1925
1913
5.85
77 45
211 89
348 254
619 549
987 966 1135
1125 1240b1449
819 807b2231
TA 98
2 3
20 32
42 32
28 21


1863 1784
2562 2401
80 71
198 209
475 460
945 956
1165 1261
2015 2059
2083 1946

66 56
98 91
265 236
528 466
1056 990
1604 1515
1995 2035

AV9_
30
36
22


1844
2489
73
200
461
965
1259
2000b
1981b
3.19
56
93
252
514
1060
1523b
2087b
 Revertants/Mg
 extract*
                                                      0.06
                                                                                           2.30
                                                                                                             2.71
 This value is the elope of the reqresslon line based on various extract dose levels and does not  identify response at  a particular extract since
 the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
^ot included in slope determination.

-------
study compared to the initial  bioassay.   TA 1538  in the presence of an S9 mix
showed a mutagenlc response to sample 33 that was greater than that observed  in
the initial bioassay.  The resulting slope  was  2.30 revertants/ug in the repeat
study, compared to 1.40 In the initial bioassay.  In addition, TA 98 exhibited a
increased mutagenlc response to sample 33 in the  presence of an S9 mix.  The
resulting slope was 2.71 in the repeat study which compares favorably to 2.66 in
the Initial bioassay.

     In summary, sample 33 was very weakly  mutagenic in TA 1535 with metabolic
activation; the absence of S9 reveals little or no mutagenic activity.  A posi-
tive response was obtained in strain TA  1537 without activation.  A positive
response was also observed in TA 1538 and TA 98 both with and without metabolic
activation.  In TA 1538 and in TA 98, S9 decreased mutagenic activity.  Samples
34, 35, and 36 were mutagenic in TA 98 without  metabolic activation.
                                      P-75

-------
            SOUTHWEST FOUNDATION  FOR RESEARCH  AND  EDUCATION

            P.O. BOX 28147   W. LOOP 410 AT MILITARY DR.  SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS 78284   TELEPHONE (512) 674-1410
                                                            December 9,  1981
                                   Final  Report
                                      3B469


In Vitro Ames Salmonella/microsomal Mutagenicity  Assay  of  Four Samples  Received
from Southwest Research  Institute  and  Generated from a  Fiat  Turbocharged  Diesel
(with underfloor catalytic trap) using Fuel  EM-469-F
Submitted by:
                   ^                 f                                 .
               Arnaldo J. Noyo-Ta, M.A.            Milton V. Marshall,  Ph.D.
               Assistant Research Scientist       Associate Foundation Scientist
                                       P-76

-------
                                  Introduction

     Southwest Foundation for Research and Education examined four samples for
mutagenicity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium bioassay.  The samples were
received on November 5, 1981, and were identified as sample 37 (FTP 723) with a
weight of 0.192871 g, sample 38 (HFET 726) with a weight of 0.035294 g, sample 39
(NYCC 728) with a weight of 0.047145 g, and sample 40 (85 kph 731) with a weight
of 0.031133'g.  An Aroclor 12C4-stimulated rat liver homogenate metabolic
activation system (S9 mix) was Included 1n sample 37 using tester strains TA 98,
TA 1535, and TA 1538.  In addition, sample 37 was tested in the absence of an S9
mix using tester strains TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537, and TA 1538.  Samples No. 38,
39, and 40 were tested using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic
activation system.

     All samples were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and tested at seven
levels of sample concentration consisting of 20, 60, 100, 200, 400, 600, and 1000
ug/plate.  Each sample concentration was tested in triplicate with and without an
S9 mix and on specific tester strains as indicated in the above paragraph.  A
complete set of positive and negative controls was incorporated into the bioassay
to demonstrate that the system was working within optimum ranges.   Finally, a
duplicate bioassay of the above samples and controls was conducted as a standard
procedure to compare and evaluate the data.
                                       P-77

-------
                                      Results
     A range finding study was  conducted  on sample no.  37  in tester strains TA 98
and TA 1535.  The  range  finding study  as  shown  in Table 1  disclosed that sample
no. 37 wes reactive in tester strain TA 98, both with and  without metabolic acti-
vation, although the reactivity was enhanced  by the presence of metabolic acti-
vating enzymes.  The sample was toxic  to  the  tester organisms at 2000 ug/ plate.
Consequently, it was determined that an upper limit of  1000 pg/plate would be
appropriate for definitive testing, and a range of concentrations from 20 to 1000
ug/plate was selected.   In TA 1535, no mutagenicity was observed without meta-
bolic activation.  Using an S9  fraction for metabolic activation, increased
mutagenic activity was observed.  Again,  toxicity was observed at 2000 jig/plate.

     In the initial bioassay, the results indicate that the negative and positive
controls are within the  optimum range  established for our  laboratory.  The known
positive mutagei.s which  we routinely use  on specific tester strains with and
without an S9 mix clearly illustrate the  ability of the tester strains to incor-
porate mutagens into their genetic structure, causing a significant increase in
the number of revertants over the negative controls (Tables 2 and 4).

     In Table 2, sample  no. 37  showed  a negative mutagenic response in tester
strain TA 1535 when exposed to  the seven  chemical levels in the absence of an S9
fraction; toxicity was observed at 600 ug/plate.  TA 1537  minus S9 demonstrated a
greater mutagenic response than TA 1535 with  a resulting slope of 1.27
revertants/yg extract.   Toxicity was also observed at levels above 400 ug/plate.
TA 1538 minus S9 showed  a greater mutagenic response than  both TA 1537 and TA
1535.   At 400 ug/plate,  there was an average  of 1120 revertants/plate.  The
                                       P-78

-------
                                                 REPORT 3B469
TABLE 1.   AMES BIOASSAY (RANGE-FINDING) OF TURBOCHARGED FIAT  DIESEL  (WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC  TRAP)
            EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES OBTAINED WITH  F.M-469-F FUEL  DURING FTP

Sample
Identification
Media Control
Ho J 1,1 Control
Colvant Control
(Filtor Blank)
Positive Controls
NaNj
9AA
2NK
2AA
Sample 37





Revertants/ug
extract3
Sample 37

Revertants/pg
extract"

Dose,
(l)q)/plato









1
10
100
500
1000
2000


1
10
100
500
1000
2000
• v

Metabolic
Activation,
S-9
No

No


No
No
No
Yea
No
No
No
No
No
No


Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes


Number of Rcvcrtants Per Plate
TA 1535
1 2 3
42 23 23
22 IS 18
34 26 32


383 319 3C1


100 108 296
28 22
32 33
26 22
17 30
8 15
Toxiclty


19 29
17 21
32 22
47 54
35 29
Toxlcity •



Avg 1
29
18
11


355


101
25
33
24
24
12



24
19
27
51
32


TA 1537 TA 153B TA
2 3 Avg 1 2 3 Avg 1 2
38 20
11 42
17 28




1885 1861
2501 2562
30 33
40 42
417 342
1526 1409
1777 1718
1710 1411


41 42
57 57
196 195
1015 1U03
1820 1673
2154 2071

.
98
3 Avg
32 10
12 16
21 22




1784 1844
2401 2489
32
41
380
1468
1748
1561b


42
57
196
1009
1747
2113b


    This value is the slope of the regression line based on various extract dose Ievel3 and does not identify response at a particular extract since
    the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
   Tlot included in slope determination.

-------
                                                            REPORT 3B469
       TABLE 2.   AMES  BIOASSAY  (INITIAL)  OF TUROBCMARGED  FIAT DIESEL (WITH  UNDERFLOW CATALYTIC  TRAP)
                    EXHAUST PARTICUIATE  ORGANIC SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH  EM-469-F FUEL  DURING  FTP
TJ
   Sample
Identification

Media Control
Media Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)

Positive Con'trols
                                        Metabolic
                              Dose,
                            (pg)/plate
                                                                         Number of Ravertants Per Plate
           9AA
           2NF
           2AA

         Sample  37
         Revertants/yg
          extract3

         Sample  37
                                 20
                                 60
                                100
                                200
                                400
                                600
                               1000
         fcjvertants/Ug
          extract*
Activation ,
S-9
No
Yes
No
1
19
10
17
TA 1535
2
21
12
11
3 Avg
13 IB
16 13
18 15
1
6

10
TA 1537
2
4

8
3 Avg
6 5

5 B
1
14
24
16
TA
2
9
23
14
1538
3 Avg
13 12
19 22
10 13
TA 98
1
9
15
14
2
10
32
15
3 Avg
17 12
27 25
17 15




20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
NO
No
No
NO
No
210


219
30
22
17
18
26
18
12
204


232
19
13
16
15
18
26
13
221


183
22
19
12
16
14
19
17
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                  Yes
                                                                 212
                                                                     1653 1913 1725  1764
                                                         211
                                                                                2186 2030 2048 2088  1383 1560 1489 1477
                                                                                2097 2252 2192 2180  1838 2042 1934 1940
30
22
17
18
26
18
12

19
18
19
18
33
46
22
19
13
16
15
18
26
13

IB
15
21
15
32
51
29
22
19
12
16
14
19
17
-0
19
12
23
19
33
47
30
24 21
Jfi 56
IB 91
16 214
i9 500
21b 518
14b 281
.01
19
15
21
17
33
48
27b
IB
49
91
219
4B3
533
321






15
42
80
234
481
56 "•
297






18 41
49 148
87 353
222 747
488 1148
539b1125
300b 387
1.27
88
235
353
662
1282
1339
1424
42
152
356
651
1100
1240
408

76
237
343
628
1113
1612
1396
46
149
356
706
1113
1137
380

80
211
331
620
1082
1483
1385
43 44
150 174
355 305
701 629
1120 1140
1167b1510
392b1567
2.86
81 57
228 134
342 232
637 446
1159 905
1478b1508
1402b1901
58 48
192 131
353 289
592 543
1126 994
1504 1449
1664 1646

52 51
128 124
255 200
444 445
1023 964
1435 1400
1906 1241
50
166
316
588
1087
1488b
1626b
2.72
53
129
229
445
964
1448
1683°
                                                                 0.05
                                                                                                       2.80
                                                                                                                          2.43
          This value i=  the slope of the  regression lino based on various extract dose levels and does not identify response at a particular extract since
          the respoi.ae is not completely  linear over the entire concentration used.
         Ttot included in slope t-j<-.e-  ination.

-------
resulting slope was 2.86 revertants/ug of sample extract.   Toxicity  was  observed
at higher levels of extract.  In the absence of S9 mix, TA 98 demonstrated  a
slightly lower mutagenic response to the above sample than TA 1538.   At  400
ug/plate there was an average of 1087 revertants/plate with a resulting  slope of
2.72 revertants/ug of sample extract.

     In the presence of an activation system, decreased mutagenicity was observed
for sample no. 37 in strains TA 1538 and TA 98.  Sample no. 37 illustrated  a very
weak mutagenic response on tester strain TA 1535 with a resulting  slope  of  0.05
revertants/ug extract.  At 400 ug/plate, TA 1538 responded with an average  of
1159 revertants/plate with a resulting slope of 2.80 revertants/ug.   TA  98  exhib-
ited a decreased mutagenic response to the sample when S9  was employed with an
average of 964 revertants/plate at a sample concentration  of 400 ug/plate.  The
resulting slope was 2.43 revertants/ug of sample extract.

     Table 3 illustrates the results obtained from the other three samples  tested
using TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.  In the initial bio-
assay, sample 38 Illustrated a strong mutagenic response in the absence  of  an S9
mix.  At 200 ug/plate TA 98 showed an average of 1715 revertants/plate with a
resulting slope of 8.53 revertants/ug of sample extract.  Sample 39  had  a slope
of 1.55 revertants/ug of sample extract with an average of 621 revertants at a
sample concentration of 400 ug/plate.  Sample 40 showed an average of 1879
revertants at a sample concentration of 200 ug/plate with  a resulting slope of
8.96 revertants/ug of sample extract.

     Table 3 also shows the results of the repeat bioassays on samples 38,  39,
and 40 using tester strain TA 98 in the absence of a metabolic activation system.
                                       P-81

-------
13
CD
M
                                                        REPORT  3B469
            TABLE  3.  AMES BIOASSAV  (INITIAL AND REPEAT  WITHOUT S-9) OP TURBOCHARGED  PIAT  DIESEL
                   (WITH  UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP) EXHAUST PARTICULATE ORGANIC SOLUBLES WITH
                                      EM-469-F  FUEL DURING HFET, NYCC,  AND 85 KPH

                                                                   TA9Q,  Number of Bovertants Per Plate
                 Dose,
                           late
       20
       60
      100
      200
      400
      600
     1000

Revertants/pg extract9

         _d
                 Revertants/yg extract3
Metabolic
HFET
Activation,
S-9
Nf>
No
NO
No
No
No
No
1
186
499
1048
1874
2336
2737
2658
Sample 38
2
208
473
943
1681
2408
2631
2673
3
201
516
924
1590
2357
2641
2678
Avg
198
496
972
1715
2367b
2670b
2670b
1
43
86
131
303
687
840
800
NYCC
Sairplc 39
2
39
98
137
291
546
846
874
3
38
97
137
310
629
639
821
Avq 1
40 239
94 674
135 1092
301 2024
621 2330
775b 2684
832b 2067
85
kph

Sample 40
2
275
630
1004
1788
2432
2720
2184
3
265
616
892
1825
2470
2652
2089
Avg
260
640
996
1879
2411b
2685b
2113b
                                                                     8.53
                                                                                           1.55
                                                                                                                8.96
No
No
NO
No
NO
NO
NO
201
542
930
1877
2127
2722
2484
247
470
884
1774
2458
2744
2448
187
518
650
1743
2471
2617
2393
212
510
888
1798
2453b
2694b
2442b
45
98
159
392
580
876
853
46
91
164
364
585
806
859
36
90
151
338
593
746
853
42 285
93 783
158 1042
365 1955
586 2479
809b 2693
855b 2162
344
813
1188
1834
2289
2576
2244
30 i
821
1141
1981
2437
2596
1647
311
806
1124
1923
2402b
2622b
2018b
                                                                     8.91
                                                                                           1.47
                                                                                               8.72
                 aThis value is the' slope of the regression line baaed on various  extract dose levels and does not identify
                  response at' a particular extract since the response if  not completely linear over the entire concentration
                  used.    '                                     '
                  Not included in slope determination.
                 "•Initial TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per  Table 2.
                  Repeat TA-98 media, solvent, and positive controls used as per Table 4.

-------
The repeat study of sample 38 demonstrated an increased mutagenic response when
compared to the initial bioassay with a slope of 8.91 revertants/yg compared to
8.53 in the initial bioassay.  Sample 39 exhibited a decreased mutagenic response
in TA 98 with a slope of 1.47 in the repeat study which compares favorably with
the slope of 1.55 obtained in the inital bioassay.  Finally, sample 40 demon-
strated a decreased mutagenic response in the repeat bioassay with a resulting
slope of 8.72, compared to a slope of 8.96 obtained in the initial bioassay.
Toxicity was observed in samples 38 and 40 at levels greater than 200 pg/plate;
sample 39 was toxic at levels above 400 yg/plate.

     Table 4 demonstrates the results of the duplicate bioassay of sample no. 37.
The duplicate positive and negative controls are within experimental range for
each tester strain as compared to the initial bioassay described in Table 2.  In
the repeat bioassay minus an S9 mix, TA 1535 showed a mutagenic response slightly
above background when exposed to sample No. 37.  At a sample concentration of 400
ug/plate, 30 revertants/plate were observed.  The slope for sample 33 in TA 1537,
1.31 was nearly identical to that obtained in the initial bioassay, 1.27.  The
same sample minus S9 mix using TA 1533 demonstrated a slope of 2.23 in the repeat
study which was nearly Identical to the slope of 2.86 observed in the initial
bioassay.  In the repeat study, TA 98 elicited a higher mutagenic response to
sample 37 in the absence of an S9 mix.  A resulting slope of 2.95 revertants/ug
of sample extract was obtained in the repeat study using TA 98 compared to a
slope of 2.72 in the initial bioassay.

     In the presence of a metabolic activation system, the above sample results
compared favorably with the results of the initial bioassay.  TA 1535 illustrated
similar weak response to sample no. 37, 0.08 revertant/ug, in the repeat study
                                      P-83

-------
                                                         REPORT  3B469
  TABLE  4.   AMES  BIOASSAY  (REPEAT)  OF TURBOCHARGED FIAT DIESEL (WITH UNDERFLOOR CATALYTIC TRAP)
               EXHAUST  PARTICULATE  ORGANIC  SOLUBLES  OBTAINED WITH EM-469-F FUEL DURING FTP
CO
   Sample
Identification

Kjdia Control
htedla Control
Solvent Control
(Filter Blank)

Positive Controls
  NaNj
  9AA
  2NF
  2AA

Sample 37
                                     Metabolic
                            Dose,
                         (gg)/plate
                                                             Number of Rovortants Per Plate
Revertants/pg
 extract"

Sample 37
        Revert an ts/ug
        extract8
Activatioi
No
Yes
No
i.
30
8
20
TA
24
20
23
1535
26
17
25

Avg_
21
15
23

13

9
TA 1
7

7
537
3
8

8

Avg
9

8

13
20
13
TA
6
22
22
1538
12
21
14

Avg
10
21
16

16
27
21
TA <
2
9
30
17
)B
3
17
30
21

14
29
20


20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
314
249
29
20
29
32
31
22
13
298
336
24
25
24
27
26
19
17
326
305
21
22
26
20
32
28
15
313
1721
297
25
22
26
26
30
"b
15b

27
58
122
288
540
526
401
1357

26
76
131
333
530
516
341
1758

27
70
124
279
472
437
434
1612
2491
2123
27 53
68 157
126 226
300 525
514 951
493b1151
392b 796
2385
1996
64
167
333
540
941
1160
898
2574 2483 1937 1891 2100 1976
2034 2051 1773 1615 1659 1682
55 57 42 59 54 52
144 156 162 177 165 108
249 269 419 397 328 381
433 499 683 619 647 650
836 909 1256 1196 1096 1183
969 1093b1580 1462 1394 1479b
811 835b1536 1647 1681 1638b
                                                             0.01
                                                                               1.31
                                                                                                 2.23
                                                                                                                    2.95
20
60
100
200
400
600
1000
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yea
Yes
Yes
14
14
21
27
68
61
33
20
13
21
32
50
46
30
13
24
32
43
52
59
36
16
17
25
34
57
55
33b
                                                                                     99   93   84   92   66   45   60   57
                                                                                     232  226  203  220  137  127  130  131
                                                                                     241  324  322  329  248  241  214  234
                                                                                     653  684  633  657  420  463  427  437
                                                                                    1188 1183 1187 1186 1010  983  976  990
                                                                                    1604 1595 1556 1585b1491 1392 1422  1435
                                                                                    1620 1587 1536 1581b2124 2158 2115  2132b
                                                             0.08
                                                                                                 2.88
                                                                                                                   2.42
        aThis value  is the elope of the reqression line based on various extract dose levels and does not identify  response at a particular extract since
        the response is not completely linear over the entire concentration used.
            included in slope determination.

-------
compared to 0.05 in the initial bioassay.  TA 1538 in the presence of an S9 mix
showed a mutagenic response to sample 37 that was similar to that observed  1n
the Initial bioassay.  The resulting slope was 2.88 revertants/ug in the repeat
study, compared to 2.80 in the Initial bioassay.  In addition, TA 98 exhibited a
decreased mutagenic response to sample 37 in the presence of an S9 mix.  The
resulting slope was 2.42 in the repeat study which is nearly identical  to 2.43
obtained in the initial bioassay.

     In summary, sample 37 was very weakly mutagenic in TA 1535 with metabolic
activation; the absence of S9 reveals little or no mutagenic activity.   A posi-
tive response was obtained in strain TA  1537 without activation.  A positive
response was also observed in TA 1538 and TA 98 both with and without metabolic
activation.  In TA 98, S9 decreased mutagenic activity.  Samples 38, 39, and 40
were mutagenic in TA 98 without metabolic activation.
                                       P-85

-------
                                   TECHNICAL REPORT DATA
                            (Pteast read Instruction! on the reverse before completing!
1. REPORT NO.
                             2.
                                                           3. RECIPIENT'S ACCESSION NO.
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
                                                           5. REPORT DATE
 CHARACTERIZATION OF EMISSIONS FROM ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE
 POWER PLANT CONCEPTS
             8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION CODE
7. AUTHOR(S)

 D.A. Montalvo, and  C.T.  Hare
                                                           8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NO.
9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME ANO
 Southwest Research  Institute
 6220 Culebra Road
 San Antonio, Texas  78284
                                                           10. PROGRAM ELEMENT NO.
                 C9YA1C/01-0457 (FY-84)
             It. CONTRACT/GRANT NO.
                                                               68-02-2703
12. SPONSORING AGENCY NAME ANO ADDRESS
 Environmental Sciences  Research Laboratory - RTP,  NC
 Office of Research and  Development
 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711
             13. TYPE OF REPORT AND PERIOD COVERED
             14. SPONSORING AGENCY CODE
                 EPA/600/09
15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
16. ABSTRACT
       Emissions  from  three diesel  cars  using two  fuel formulations were  assessed.
  The three diesel  cars included a prototype naturally-aspirated  Fiat  131, *a  prototype
  turbocharged  Fiat 131, and a  1981  Oldsmobile  Cutlass Supreme.  Each  Fia^t was tested
  with and without a prototype  catalytic trap.  Vehicle operating procedures  used for
  test purposes included the 1981  Federal Test  Procedures as well as  the Highway Fuel
  Economy Test, the New  York City Cycle, and  an  85 km/hr  steady-state cruise.   Both
  regulated and unregulated gaseous  and particulate  emissions were measured.   Organic
  solubles  in particulate  were  analyzed  for various constituents and  characteristics
  including  fractionation  .by relative polarity,  benzo(a)pyrene  (BaP), and  mutagenic
  activity by Ames bioassay.
       Application  of  the catalytic  trap  oxidizer system  to  the  Fiat prototypes
  resulted  in significant  reductions  of organic  and carbon  monoxide emissions  under
  all transient driving conditions examined.  Total particulate emissions were reduced
  an  average  of  55  percent with  the turbocharged  engine  and  65  percent  with  the
  naturally-aspirated  engine.   The  Ames assay  mutagenic response  (revertants/vg)  of
  the particulate  phase organics was elevated by  the catalytic exhaust  aftertreatment
  device, however  the  emission  rates (revertants/km)   were  reduced an  average  of  66
  percent with  the turbocharged and  73 percent with the naturally-aspirated engines.
                               KEY WORDS AND DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
                 DESCRIPTORS
                                              b.lOENTIFIEHS/OPEN ENDED TERMS  C. COSATI Field/Croup
8. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT

    RELEASE TO PUBLIC



EPA Form 2220-1 (R»». 4-77)   pmvioui «DITION is OBSOLETE
19. SECURITY CLASS (Till! Rtport)

  UNCLASSIFIED
                                                                         21. NO. OF PAGES
20. SECURITY CLASS (Tllitpagt)

  UNCLASSIFIED
                           22. PRICE

-------
                       IMPORTANT NOTICE

Effective on orders received June 1, 1985, the following
NTIS shipping and handling charges apply:

     U.S., Canada, Mexico, - ADD $3 per TOTAL ORDER
     All other Countries - ADD $4 per TOTAL ORDER

     Exceptions - Does NOT apply to:
     ORDERS REQUESTING NTIS RUSH HANDLING
     ORDERS FOR SUBSCRIPTION OR STANDING ORDER PRODUCTS ONLY

NOTE:  Each additional delivery address on an order requires a separate
shipping and handling charge.

-------
                                                         ^^^^^^^'^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^f^^^^i
                                                            *'j$:11."-* r~' : '^$^'^~'-'':'-^& '^;-:>^^',-'V'
                                     -p.,..W -tf»^.r,^-it.s r'iit^..  (  ^^^^^^

                                     ^T^r^' TJ fm-'-1»Jw\r'< ^\ (j  P"^oc*"--y-w
-------