&EPA
            United States
            Environmental Protection
            Agency
Office of Pollution
Prevention and Toxics
7408
                     EPA 745-K-94-015
                       May 1994
EPA's 33/50 Program
Company Profile
        Raytheon Company
                              Printed on Recycled Paper

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                                     THE 33/50 PROGRAM
    This Company Profile is part of a series of reports being developed by EPA to highlight the accomplishments
of companies participating in the 33/50 Program.  The 33/50 Program is an EPA voluntary pollution reduction
initiative that promotes reductions in direct environmental releases and offsite transfers of 17 high-priority toxic
chemicals. The program derives its name from its overall goals - an interim goal of a 33% reduction by 1992 and
an ultimate goal of a 50% reduction by 1995. The program uses 1988 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) reporting
as a baseline. In February, 1991, EPA began contacting the parent companies of TRI facilities that reported using
33/50 Program chemicals since 1988 to request their participation in the 33/50 Program. As of April, 1994, a total
of 1,216 companies had elected to participate in
the Program, pledging to reduce emissions of the
17 target chemicals by more than 355 million
pounds by 1995.  Companies are encouraged to
set their own reduction targets,  which  may vary
from the Program's national  33%  and 50%
reduction goals.  Company commitments and
reduction pledges continue to be received by EPA
on a daily basis.
    The 1992  TRI data revealed that releases
and transfers of 33/50 Program chemicals de-
clined by 40% between 1988 and 1992, surpass-
ing the Program's 1992 interim reduction goal by
more than 100 million pounds. This accomplish-
ment,  together with  evidence from  analysis of
facilities' projected releases and transfers of the
17 priority chemicals, reported to TRI under the
Pollution Prevention Act, offers strong encourage-
ment that the 33/50 Program's ultimate goal of a
50% reduction by 1995 will be achieved.
17 PRIORITY CHEMICALS TARGETED
      BY THE 33/50 PROGRAM
              BENZENE
      CADMIUM & COMPOUNDS
      CARBON TETRACHLORIDE
           CHLOROFORM
     CHROMIUM & COMPOUNDS
              CYANIDES
        DICHLOROMETHANE*
        LEAD & COMPOUNDS
      MERCURY & COMPOUNDS
      METHYL ETHYL KETONE
     METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE
       NICKEL & COMPOUNDS
      TETRACHLOROETHYLENE
              TOLUENE
      1,1,1.TRICHLOROETHANE
       TRICHLOROETHYLENE
              XYLENES

    Also referred to as methylene chloride
    EPA is committed to recognizing companies
for their participation in the 33/50 Program and
for the emissions reductions they achieve.  The
Program issuesn periodic Progress Reports,  in
which participating companies are listed and highlighted. In addition, Company Profiles, such as this one, are being
prepared to provide  more detailed information about companies that have written to EPA describing significant
emissions reduction  initiatives.  Information presented in these profiles is drawn primarily from the company's
written 33/50 Program communications and the annual TRI reports submitted by their facilities (including Pollution
Prevention Act data reported to TRI in Section 8 of Form R). All company communications to EPA regarding
the 33/50 Program are available to the public upon request.

    EPA does not endorse the performance, worker safety, or environmental acceptability of any of the technical
options discussed in this Profile.  Mention of any product or procedure in this document is for informational
purposes only, and does not constitute a recommendation of any such product or procedure, either express or
implied, by EPA.
   For information on the 33/50 Program, contact the TSCA Hotline at (202) 554-1404 or contact 33/50
   Program staff directly by phone, at (202) 260-6907 or by mail at Mail Code 7408,  Office of Pollution
   Prevention and Toxics, U.S. EPA, 401 M Street, SW, Washington, D.C. 20460.
33/50 Program Company Profile: Raytheon Company

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                              Raytheon Company
    Raytheon Company reduced its releases and
transfers of 33/50 Program chemicals by approxi-
mately 2,500,000  pounds from 1988  to  1992, a
reduction of 65%.   These reductions  surpass
Raytheon's 33/50 Program goal of a 50% reduction
by 1995.

       I. CORPORATE BACKGROUND

    Raytheon Company is a diversified organiza-
tion whose major interests include manufacturing
of aircraft, residential  and commercial appliances
(including  refrigeration,  cooking,  and  laundry
equipment), electronics (including guidance sys-
tems, guided missiles,  printed circuit boards, and
communications equipment), and energy/environ-
mental services (including power, transportation,
logistics  support, and  road building equipment).
Raytheon is headquartered in Lexington, Massa-
chusetts and had twenty five facilities in the United
States that reported releases and transfers of 33/50
Program chemicals to  the TRI in 1988.

      Table I, at the end of this profile, presents
the company's data on releases and transfers  of
TRI chemicals.  Table II presents these data for
selected  facilities.  In 1988 Raytheon  reported
releases  and  transfers of eleven 33/50  Program
chemicals: chromium and compounds, dichloro-
methane, lead and compounds, methyl ethyl ke-
tone, methyl isobutyl  ketone, nickel and com-
pounds, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, 1,1,1-trichlo-
roethane, trichloroethylene, and xylene.
Raytheon reduced releases and transfers
'of 33/50 Program chemicals by 65%
 (2,500,000 pounds) from 1988 to 1992.
    Raytheon reported total releases and transfers
 of 3,883,820 pounds of 33/50 Program chemicals in
 1988.   Three chemicals  -  1,1,1-trichloroethane,
 dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene - account-
 ed  for 65%  of these  releases  and transfers.
 Dichloromethane was used at several facilities in
 paint stripping and manufacturing printed circuit
 boards. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane and trichloroethyl-
 ene are used primarily as solvents  to clean elec-
 tronics. Lead, chromium, xylene, and toluene are
 used as solvents and pigments in paints, soldering,
 'arfd for surface conditioning prior to painting.
Releases and Transfers of TRI Chemicals
Reported by Raytheon Company
(1000 Ibs)

33/50 Chemicals
1988 1992

Chromium & compounds 56 13
Dichloromethane 610 NR
Lead & compounds
Methyl ethyl ketone
Methyl isobutyl ketone
Nickel & compounds
Tetrachloroethylene
Toluene
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
Trichloroethylene
Xylene
33/50 Subtotal*
Other TRI chemicals
Total*
NR = Not reported to TRI
threshold.
* Columns do not sum to total
8 NR
211 151
41 37
67 6
96 NR
364 225
1,643 611
447 125
339 192
3,884 1,361
2,003 668
5,886 2,029
, use below reporting ',
due to rounding.
   II. CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL
                 STRATEGY

   Raytheon's environmental strategy has focused
on eliminating the use of suspected  or known
carcinogens   and  ozone-depleting   substances
(ODS), and reducing the use of metals.  In 1990,
Raytheon's President  issued a directive for  all
Raytheon  facilities to eliminate the use of the
suspected  carcinogens   trichloroethylene,
perchloroethylene, and dichloromethane.

    In addition, Raytheon set a company-wide goal
to eliminate the  use of all ODSs by the end of
1992. As part of its  activities, the company has
developed a  program called  ACT (Alternative
Cleaning Technologies) and has shared its findings
of alternatives  to the use  of ozone-depleting
solvents at technical conferences throughout the
United States.

    Raytheon  has also  established  a  five-year
educational professorship at Tufts University to
 33/50 Program Company Profile:  Raytheon Company

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develop a pollution prevention program. As part
of this program, engineers will  learn to consider
and incorporate pollution prevention approaches
when developing product and manufacturing plans.

    III. 33/50 PROGRAM GOALS AND
   POLLUTION REDUCTION ACTIVITIES

    Raytheon set a corporate-wide goal to  reduce
releases and transfers of 33/50 Program chemicals
by 50% by 1995 compared to the  1988 TRI base-
line.  This translates to  a pledged reduction of
1,941,910 pounds.

    Raytheon's  reductions  of  33/50   Program
chemicals were achieved as a result of several on-
going projects.

   Eliminate or reduce solvents in cleaning oper-
    ations.  Dichloromethane, 1,1,1-trichloroeth-
    ane, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene.and
    CFC-113 were all targeted by Raytheon's ODS
    and suspected carcinogen phaseout goals. In
    1988, these solvents were used at 18 facilities
    for electronics cleaning and metal degreasing,
    and as general solvent cleaners.

    Terpene-based cleaners  and  mildly alkaline
    aqueous solutions were identified as alterna-
    tives to these solvent cleaners. Raytheon has
    successfully   eliminated  its    use  of
    dichloromethane,  tetrachloroethylene,  and
    CFC-113, and has significantly reduced its use
    of 1,1,1-trichloroethane and trichloroethylene
    as a result of the development of these alter-
    nate cleaners.
Raytheon  identified a terpene-based
cleaner and a mildly alkaline aqueous
solution which are now used in place of
chlorinated solvents at its facilities.
   Eliminate the  use of dichloromethane  for
    paint stripping applications. At the Wichita
    facility,  dichloromethane was  used to strip
    paint from aircraft.  Raytheon implemented a
    dry media (wheat starch) blasting system  for
    paint stripping that completely eliminated  the
    need for dichloromethane at this facility.
         Distributions of Reductions in
       Releases and Transfers, 1988 - 1992
          1,1,1-
       Trichloroethane
          41%
        Tetrachloro-
         ethylene
          4%
                             Trichloroethylene
                                 13%
                Dichloromethane
                    24%
   Reduce 33/50 Program chemicals in painting
    and soldering applications.  Lead, chromium,
    toluene, and xylene  are  used at Raytheon
    facilities in painting and soldering operations.
    Raytheon has identified and implemented  a
    powder paint system in some facilities which
    has resulted in  a reduction of releases and
    transfers of these chemicals. For applications
    in  which powder painting is not technically
    feasible, Raytheon is working with its coating
    suppliers to reduce the amount of solvent used
    in its coatings.

     IV. PROGRESS TOWARDS 33/50
            REDUCTION  GOALS

    As  a result of  these  and  other   efforts,
Raytheon's releases and transfers of 33/50 program
chemicals decreased over 2.5 million  pounds be-
tween  1988  and  1992  a  65% reduction from
3,883,820 pounds to  1,360,658 pounds. The major
components of this reduction were the elimination
of dichloromethane  and tetrachloroethylene, and
the significant reduction of releases and transfers
of 1,1,1-trichloroethane and trichloroethylene.

    The phaseout of the use of dichloromethane
and tetrachloroethylene resulted in a reduction of
706,701 pounds of releases and  transfers of these
chemicals between 1988 and 1992.  These reduc-
tions  account for approximately  28% of  total
reductions of releases and transfers of 33/50 chemi-
cals during that period.  The replacement of 1,1,1-
trichloroethane and trichloroethylene resulted in a
reduction  of 1,354,654  pounds of releases and
transfers  of  these  chemicals.   This reduction
accounts  for approximately  54%  of total 33/50
reductions from  1988 to 1992.
33/50 Program Company Profile:  Raytheon Company

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Raytheon has shown its commitment to
furthering knowledge of pollution pre-
vention by establishing a five-year edu-
cational professorship at Tufts Universi-
ty to develop a pollution prevention
program.
    Although not part of its 33/50 Program goal,
Raytheon was also successful in reducing releases
and transfers of non-33/50 Program TRI chemicals
by over 1,300,000 pounds -- a reduction  of 67%.
Reductions  of  non-33/50   Program  chemicals
consisted primarily of  reductions in  releases  of
ammonia, copper,  CFC-12, CFC-11, CFC-113,
hydrochloric acid, and manganese from the Lowell,
MA, Waltham, MA, and Portsmouth, RI, facilities.

      V. SUMMARY OF RAYTHEON'S
                EXPERIENCE

    Raytheon  Company has exceeded  its  33/50
Program goals by several years.   The  company
pledged  to  reduce  its  releases and transfers  of
33/50 program  chemicals by 50%  by 1995, and
achieved a reduction of 65% by 1992.

    Raytheon has realized its largest reductions in
releases and transfers of 33/50 program chemicals
by focusing  its reduction programs on known  or
suspected carcinogens and  ozone-depleting sub-
stances.
        Raytheon's Progress Towards
            Meeting 33/50 Goals
    6000
                                                     o
                                                     o
                                                     o
    4000
    3000
 ra
 %  2000
 ra
 .2
 0)
 tt
 5  1000
                          D Non-33/50
                           Chemicals
                           33/50 Chemicals
         1988   1989   1990   1991   1992


         33/50 Goal: 50% reduction in releases and
         transfers of 33/50 chemicals by 1995
    By establishing a pollution prevention profes-
sorship, sharing  its  findings  in the  search for
alternatives to ODS solvent cleaners, and working
closely with host communities and  regulatory
agencies, Raytheon has  demonstrated a sincere
commitment to environmental protection.  Fur-
thermore, in looking to the future, Raytheon has
adopted a "We're not stopping here" attitude in its
efforts to prevent pollution at its source.
 33/50 Program Company Profile:  Raytheon Company

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                    Table I
               Raytheon Company
Releases and Transfers of TR1 Chemicals, 1988-1992
     (All data from TR1 unless otherwise noted)
Chemical
Chromium & compounds
	



Dichloromethane


Lead & compounds

Tetrachloroethylene


Toluene




1,1,1 -Trichloroethane




Trichloroethylene




Xylene (mixed isomers)




Other 33/50 Program Chemicals




Year
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1988
1989
1988
1989
1990
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
Transfers Percent
Surface Off-site Change
Total Air Water Releases Transfers for Treatment/ Total Releases 1988-1992
Emissions Discharges to Land to POTWs Disposal/Other and Transfers Total Releases
(pounds) (pounds) (pounds) (pounds) (pounds) (pounds) (1) and Transfers
751
1,252
540
628
543
557,971
535,786
58,469
250
0
72,210
21,955
18,005
348,504
351,139
269,251
178,745
210,399
1,278,960
065,608
1,282,914
831,405
571,848
438,953
372,345
115,087
100,000
73,000
262,751
259,281
302,790
173,549
177,995
233,448
260,566
227,233
203,060
175,881
500
266
5
250
5
1
0
0
250
0
0
0
0
250
3
0
0
0
251
253
6
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
252
0
5
250
250
730
220
49
0
0
22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
36
0
0
0
0
326
6,772
699
124
97
461
263
0
278
40
0
0
0
250
251
250
5
1
503
602
510
10
5
0
0
0
5
0
0
0
5
5
1
799
312
597
763
750
54,709
72,743
20,867
11,186
12,661
51,983
4,066
1,894
7,671
453
24,075
4
0
14,924
16,826
24,324
20,052
14,841
363,756
61,972
36,586
123,703
39,203
7,788
2,967
0
40,000
51,500
75,635
7,965
3,855
3,830
13,895
84,572
37,543
35,497
29,611
17,782
56,308 (2)
81,033
22,111
12,188
13,306
610,416
540,115
60,363
8,449
493
96,285
21,959
18,005
363,928
368,219
293,825
198,802
225,241
1,643,470
1,228,435-
1,320,016
955,123
611,057
446,741
375,312
115,087
140,005
124,500
338,638
267,246
306,655
177,634
192,141
319,585 (2)
298,641
263,376
233,434
194,413




-76%







,




-38%




-63%




-72%




^3%




-39%

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                                                                 Table I
                                                           Raytheon Company
                                            Releases and Transfers of TRI Chemicals, 1988-1992
                                                 (All data from TRI unless otherwise noted)
Total Air
Surface
Water
Emissions Discharges
Chemical
All 33/50 Program Chemicals




Non 33/50 Program Chemicals




All TRI Chemicals




Percent Change, 1988-1992
33/50 Program Chemicals
Non 33/50 Program chemicals
All TRI Chemicals
Year
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992




(pounds)
3,193
2,967
2,274
,798
,932
,289
1,487,387
1,209
931
911
586
470
357
4,124
3,879
2,860
1,957
1,567




,666
,073
,440
,201
,239
,673
,871
,372
,490
,626
,339

-62%
-62%
-62%
(pounds)
2,234
742
65
505
256
17,579
4,113
1,588
1,015
1,250
19,813
4,855
1,653
1,520
1,506

-89%
-93%
-92%
Releases
Transfers
Off-site
Transfers for Treatment/ Total
Releases
to Land to POTWs Disposal/Other and Transfers
(pounds)
58
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
58
0
0
0
0

-100%
-
-100%
(pounds)
2,617
8,240
2,061
912
854
2,565
33,718
34,325
41,826
21,132
5,182
41,958
36,386
42,738
21,986

-67%
724%
324%
(pounds)
685,113
204,539
123,023
228,382
149,882
1,051,344
341,325
237,233
397,232
288,279
1,736,457
545,864
360,256
625,614
438,161

-78%
-73%
-75%
(pounds) (1)
3
3
2
1
1
2
1



5
4
3
2
2




,883
,181
,399
,717
,360
,002
,290
859
910
668
,886
,472
,258
,627
,028




,820 (2)
,453
,438
,186
,658
,561
,596
,347
,312
,334
,381 (2)
,049
,785
,498
,992

-65%
-67%
-66%
Percent
Change
1988-1992
Total Releases
and Transfers




-65%




-67%




-66%




(1) Total Releases and Transfers for 1991 and 1992 do not include on- or off-site recycling or energy recovery.
(2)  Includes adjustment for data erroneously reported in Transfers Off-Site for Treatment at Raytheon's Searcy, AR facility.

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                    Table n
      Raytheon Company (Selected Facilities)
Releases and Transfers of TRI Chemicals, 1988-1992
Chemical Year
Raytheon Co. - Andover, MA
Dichloromethane 1988
1989
1990
Other 33/50 Program Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
All TRI Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
Raytheon Co. Div. - Waltham, MA
Dichloromethane 1988
1989
Other 33/50 Program Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
All TRI Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
Surface
Total Air Water
Emissions Discharges
(pounds) (pounds)

234,560
125,733
58,469
546,984
439,521
359,408
233,600
106,621
926,943
680,875
522,942
291,943
144,628

188,000
284,000
97,904
88,755
78,000
41,900
18,400
344,353
416,890
85,981
45,303
20,586

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Transfers
Off-site
Transfers for Treatment/
to POTWs Disposal/Other
(pounds) (pounds)

0
0
0
29
127
0
5
3
674
1,032
1,107
1,686
555

210
13
0
7
10
0
0
384
23,268
29,612
38,565
19,800

16,290
1,422
1,894
304,002
49,968
55,488
35,934
27,935
449,940
105,908
119,012
99,079
89,918

31,000
350
45,003
4,724
5,350
450
670
139,957
19,768
36,356
18,716
12,535
1
Total Releases
and Transfers
(pounds) (1)

250,850
127,155
60,363
851,015
489,616
414,896
269,539
134,559
1,377,557
787,815
643,061
392,708
235,101 ,,

219,210
284,363
142,907
93,486
83,360
42,350
19,070
484,694
459,926
151,949
102,584
52,921

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                                                                  Table II
                                                    Raytheon Company (Selected Facilities)
                                              Releases and Transfers of TRI Chemicals, 1988-1992
Chemical Year
Beech Aircraft Corp. - Wichita, KS
Dichloromethane 1988
1989
Other 33/50 Program Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
All TRI Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
^mana Refrigeration Inc. - Amana, IA
33/50 Program Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
Non 33/50 Program Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
All TRI Chemicals 1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
Total Air
Emissions
(pounds)

103,711
118,103
609,703
692,775
820,270
601,411
646,846
746,840
851,430
850,539
629,214
674,839

255,450
264,500
200,100
129,910
107,160
48,750
94,950
67,915
131,190
105,135
304,200
359,450
268,015
261,100
212,295
Surface
Water
Discharges
(pounds)

0
0
0
0
5
5
1
0
0
5
5
1

1,250
0
5
250
250
1,750
750
1,560
10
1,000
3,000
750
1,565
260
1,250
Transfers
Off-site
Transfers for Treatment/ Total Releases
to POTWs Disposal/Other and Transfers
(pounds) (pounds) (pounds) (1)

250
250
750
750
755
104
86
1,500
1,250
1,955
104
86

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

750
2,294
5,782
77,234
12,590
44,904
45,078
66,782
87,045
41,090
78,534
122,335

8,700
4,350
2,750
4,665
10
40,350
17,500
10,710
21,155
12,705
49,050
21,850
13,460
25,820
12,715

104,711
120,647
616,235
770,759
833,620
646,424
692,011
815,122
939,725
893,589
707,857
797,261

265,400
268,850
202,855
134,825
107,420
90,850
113,200
80,185
152,355
118,840
356,250
382,050
283,040
287,180
226,260
(1) Total Releases and Transfers for 1991 and 1992 do not include on- or off-site recycling or energy recovery.

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