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               m a n a t] e m e n t  inter n     stay-in- s c hoot      ,< ti in in e r  e m ploy in e n t      e ti c i r o n in e n I a i  p r o t e c t i t' n a tj e n c i/  t n I <• r n
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                                 WORKING   FOR

                            THE    ENVIRONMENT

                                STUDENT   GUIDE
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                     FUTURE  TODAY      cooperative education      presidential  in a n a $ c in e n I  i n t e r n      s t a y - t n - ,< c h <> o /
• n in in e r  e m p I o y m c n I       environmental protection  agency  intern      PRESERVING  OUR  FUTURE  TODAY    />  I <> y m c n t
    ironmental protection  agency intern     PRESERVING  OUR  FUTURE TODAY    ban d i c a p p e d  e in p I o y m e n t      c o o p e rail v e
in I c r ash I p     presidential m ana i) e m e n t intern      s I a y - i n - s c h o o I    s u m in c r e in p I o y in c n I      c n v t r o n m e n I a I  p /'<> lectio n  a tj c n c y
- iiii/> f ra t ii'f t r> u c a l i n n  UNITED   STATES   ENVIRONMENTAL   PROTECTION   AGENCY   i n I c r n    h ,1 u />,•

                      ENVIRONMENTAL  CAREERS  OFFER  AN
                     YOUR COUNTRY.

                                                                       • irorv. • 3  '
                     IF  YOU  WANT TO  LEARN MORE ABOUT

          OUR  FUTURE
           ** In 197-4, the Safe Drinking
            Water Act allowed EPA to
            establish regulations to limit
            the amount of various
            substances in water used
            for drinking.
              The new Clean Air Act
            contains provisions tor large
            reductions in emissions of
            sulfur dioxide and nitrogen
            oxides to combat acid rain.
              The new national goal for
            year 2000 is to reduce SO2
            emissions nationwide by
            10 million tons.
         ~ dhr The Resource and  Recovery
            Act regulates hazardous
            wastes so they are properly
            treated and do not continue
            to spoil our earth's soils.
              Work is underway  to
              reduce municipal solid waste
            by 25 percent through
            a combination of source
            reduction and recycling
              The 1987 Clean Water Act
            amendments require  certain
            industries to "pretreat" their
            wrastewater so that toxic
            chemicals and other harmful
            substances do not enter
            sewage systems that were not
            designed to treat them.

         The challenges which are before us
         in the environmental arena will
         require professionals from many,
         many different backgrounds. The
         increase in environmental aware-
ness is more than a trend, the environment is
an issue continuously gaining importance in
people's lives, politics, science and technolo-
gy.  Opportunities  for  meaningful  and
rewarding careers in meeting our environmen-
tal goals will be as diverse as the environment
itself. There will be an expanded range of
opportunities in skilled administrative, profes-
sional, and technical  areas generated by
national and state legislation, as well  as
grassroots activities.   »   But where will the
jobs be? What should I study? Is there a need
for special training? • The most critical need
will be for scientists and engineers. Scientists
and engineers are instrumental in research
and development; looking at new ways to
address the  concerns of  how
much  of certain toxins  are
actually  dangerous, develop-
ing  innovative technologies
to promote pollution pre-
vention, and exploring the
important issues related to
the interconnectedness  of
the  biosphere. Scientists and
engineers are also critical to
the  development of regulations
based on their research, which will
provide standards for industry, government,
and individuals to maintain and improve our
environment.  • The growth  in opportunities
in environmental law reflect the growing com-
plexities of the regulations and the increased
emphasis on enforcement. Attorneys are
finding the environmental  field rich with
opportunity for public service, as well as, pri-
vate sector careers working with industry.   •
Critical skills in managing the business of the
environment include such occupations  as
accountants, economists,  writers, educators,
technicians, computer specialists, information
management specialists, and administrative
specialists. From federal job opportunities to
small grassroots organizations there are
needs for talented, dedicated professionals
who can design, implement  and enforce
environmentally sound   programs.   •
Environmental careers offer  an excellent
opportunity to do something worthwhile.
         IF YOU
     The  need to preserve and protect our earth and its natural

     resources is important to you and me. It is important

because we need clean air and water to live healthy lives; we need

to be protected from hazardous and toxic substances; and we need

to find ways to reduce the trash that we create to save our

important land resources for use other than land fills. Many of you

may already be "environmentally conscious" by being part of the

        effort to protect our Earth. For example,  if you  recycle

             cans, newspapers,  and glass you are participating  in
              an  effort to prevent pollution. Individuals will

              make a difference by making simple  changes  in

             their day-to-day lives  like reducing the use of their

        automobile because of harmful emissions from the engine,

reusing materials  and recycling.  •**•  The issues and challenges  of

protecting and cleaning the environment will also require teams of

professionals to conduct research, develop regulations, provide

on-going education,  develop innovative technologies to  reduce,

reuse and recycle potential pollutants, and clean-up hazardous

        sites. «**•  If you want to learn more about environmental

        careers and the  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

this brochure has been  prepared for you.  * If you would like

more information on what you can do today to help the Earth,

please refer to the references at the end of the brochure.

here are many opportunities tor you to serve your

nation and the global population through public
         service careers. You could choose to serve your local
         community or state, or participate on an international level
         •with a private voluntary organization like the Sierra Club.
              '"*  The people who work at the federal level for the
               U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are
             dedicated to improving and preserving the quality of
         the environment. Our nation's continuing growth and
         prosperity depend on our ability to find effective, creative
         solutions to environmental problems. Through team
         work and scientific discipline, EPA is determined to find
         those solutions — and to make them work.

                          • We're a dynamic team of diverse people dedicated to improving and preserving the

                           quality of the environment. <"»• The United States Environmental Protection Agency

                           (EPA) was founded in December 1970 to consolidate the government's environmental


                           regulatory activities into a single agency. Over the past 20 years, EPA has greatly

                           expanded its scope and responsibilities in meeting environmental challenges.  **

                           Located in Washington, D.C., EPA headquarters is divided into twelve offices: Office

                           of the Administrator; Office of Water; Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response;

                           Office of Air and Radiation; Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances;

                           Office of Research and Development; Office of Administration and Resources

                           Management; Office of Enforcement; Office of General Counsel; Office of Policy,     "

                           Planning and Evaluation; Office of International Activities; Office of Inspector

                           General. These offices develop environmental policies, set standards, manage complex

                           research and development programs, and develop regulations for pesticides, toxic

                           substances, hazardous wastes, air, radiation and water. In addition, every EPA

                           program office is developing new technologies designed to prevent pollution.  ^» There

                           are also ten Regional Offices which administer EPA programs and provide technical

                           assistance to state, local and tribal governments. World-class research  and development

                           in all the environmental disciplines is carried out in our 20  research facilities.  <"* At last

                           count, EPA employed almost 19,000  and the numbers continue to grow.

Treatment and disposal

 of waste are not

 enough; po/iutants must

 be prevented from being

 generated in the first

 place. We have learned

 the inherent limitations

 of treating and burying

 waste. A problem

 solved in one pan of the

 environment may

 become a neu' problem

 in another part. We

 must curtail pollution

 closer to its point  of

 origin so that it is  not

 transferred from place

 to place.

SETTING STANDARDS   EPA is responsible for setting standards that help
                               protect the public's health and welfare. Whether
                               this involves restricting pesticide use or setting
                               emission  levels for automobiles, EPA is taking
                               steps to ensure a cleaner future.
he Agency's philosophy has been to encourage voluntary compliance by

private industry and communities, and ensure that state, local and tribal
                               governments perform enforcement activities necessary to meet EPA standards.
                               Various types of monitoring processes and activities exist within EPA. Some are
                               broadly based monitoring programs that determine whether pollution levels and
                                              emissions are increasing or decreasing. Other methods of evaluation
                                                determine if the various abatement programs developed by EPA
                               V EPA's 20 year efforts
                             toward a cleaner environment
                         and improved human health have
been vigorous. Worldwide, the belief that industry cannot
endure the restrictions of environmental controls, is being
replaced by an awareness of industry's role in nurturing the
environment.  *  Protecting the planet is a huge commitment
and to be successful it will take everyone working together.
Complementing EPA's efforts have been state,  tribal and local
governments, citizen's environmental organizations, and
countless individuals, many of whom have  been working on
pollution control for years. EPA has developed five new themes
which reflect future directions for ensuring a cleaner environ-
ment: pollution prevention, voluntary action,  reducing risks,
economic incentives, protecting natural resources. It's time to
develop a new pattern of environmental management —
working with nature.
                                   and state and local governments are as

                                   effective as they should be.


hese  positions are  the  most

numerous at EPA. In addition,
 there  are a wide variety of other
 professionals that support
 the Agency's mission
 such as writers, contract
                                IF YOU
                          WOULD LIKE MORE
                       INFORMATION ON WHAT
                       YOU CAN DO TODAY TO
                       HELP THE EARTH,  PLEASE
                       REFER TO THE REFERENCES
      Environmental scientists directly protect the environment,  manage
  projects, and develop policies and regulations. Some also perform ecolog-
  ical research or testing so the EPA will have the reliable scientific data it
f^-mt-m^t-rtf-rf    needs to make decisions. Many  environmental
                         scientists become EPA generalists, as non-
  supervisory contributors, program managers, or supervisors.   ;*  All
  physical and biological science professionals have at least a bachelor's
  degree in their field, and many doing research in EPA laboratories have
  doctoral degrees. Project management experience, communication skills,
  skills in dealing with people, and knowledge of environmental laws and
  regulations are all helpful.

       Engineers work throughout the EPA, carrying  r &• f* • ».i C C D C
       out research,  regulation, and compliance
       functions. Many engineers go beyond  "hands on" engineering.
 They may, for example, develop  policy, write  regulations to implement
 legislation, issue permits, or admin- ister regulations. Some engineers are
 experts on particular technologies, industries, or pollutants, advising the
 public, EPA offices and other governments. * EPA engineers look  at more
    than engineering  issues.  They  often work on multi-disciplinary teams
        and enjoy the breadth of outlook this provides. A bachelor's
          degree or  greater will qualify you for an entry  level position.
            We particularly  seek individuals with majors in civil,  chemi-
             cal, mining, geological and environmental engineering.
                                                                     u Attorneys at EPA provide an invaluable service to
                                    AT THE END OF THE
 specialists,  auditors and
 accountants, budget analysts, financial
 specialists and attorneys.
                                                            the public by being part of the teams which develop
                                                     regulations consistent with legislation, serve as legal advisers
                                                   in the development of policy, assist in resolving legal, technical,
                                              and enforcement  issues, and serve as EPA s ^VTTORNE
                                          trial staff before administrative tribunals.  To do this, EPA lawyers must
                                          become familiar with complex areas of  environmental science, public-
                                          health, or the technology of specific types  of pollution control. Attorneys
                                          are also important to administrative business at EPA, such as in the area
                                          of contract management. Law school graduates are eligible for appoint-

                                          ment to attorney positions.
                                                   ; |^|««i p Q |L| »• p |^| ••• •    Environmental Protection Specialists
                                                                                     (EPS) perform a wide variety of
                                                  PROTECTION  SPECIALISTS     duties in  EPA
                                                                                                        The work  of
                                                    an EPS  often overlaps with the work of professional engineering and
                                                    scientific positions.  »  An EPS in a region often oversees the environ-
                                                    mental plans and activities of state and local municipalities. The EPS
                                                    gives technical guidance and helps develop sound plans and
                                                    programs.  EPS's conduct research related to environmental
                                                    problems and they may develop environmental protection regula-
                                                    tions, policies, and guidance.  Oral communication skills are necessary
                                                    when negotiating and coordinating complex environmental issues. Most
                                                    EPS have strong research and analytical abilities.

                                              lational commitment to higher education is demonstrated by the many finan-
                                           cial assistance programs that are available to students in this country. The door to
                                           greater career opportunity is opening wider than ever before to many who have
                                           been excluded in the past, such as women, Hispanics, African-Americans, Native
                                           Americans, people with disabilities and others. In setting career goals, students
                                           should keep in mind the many programs designed to help them finance their edu-
                                           cation.   »   Millions of students receive financial assistance every year. Any
                                           student who  is not  sure where to find help should consult teachers, guidance
                                                                    counselors, libraries and university student aid
                                                                            offices.  * Some programs are designed
                                                                                 specifically for minority students,
                                                                                    others are designed for stu-
                                                                                       dents  from   low-income
                                                                                         families.  Some programs
                                                                                           have been developed
                                                                                            for those interested in
                                                                                             certain fields of study,
                                                                                              such as engineering.
                                                                                              »  Besides federal
                                                                                              programs, there are
                                                                                              scholarship programs
                                                                                             maintained at  individ-
                                                                                           ual universities, as well
                                                                                          as programs operated by
                                                                                        businesses and  private
                                                                                      foundations. Some of the fed-
                                                                                   eral programs worth looking into
                                                                              are developed  by the U.S. Office of
                                                     	             Education, the National Science Foundation
receive  work experience at EPA facilities.                          and the U.S. Department of Energy. »  Above
                                                                       all, don't wait. There are so many options for you
Through cooperative education, internships, and volunteer  oppor-    to consider that it may take some time but is
                                                                       well worth the effort.
tunities  you  may get a first hand look at working in  the  public

service.  Please refer to our EPA offices and other brochures for

There are a number

ot programs designed

especially  for students to
more information.

                         here are other brochures and pamphlets available to those interested in

                         pursuing careers with the EPA. If you have not already received the
                                          information you need, please call your nearest EPA office and ask for the Human
                                                      Resources Office. For information on how to help and what to look for
                                                         call or write EPA's Public Information Center (202) 260-2080, PM
                                                       21 IB, 401 M Street,  S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460.
   Box 670
   Walpole, NH 03608

   The Student Conservation
   Association., Inc.
   P.O. Box 550
   Charleston, NH 03603

  The Job Seeker
   Rt. 2, Box 16
  Warrens, Wl 54666

  The Nature People
  Career Services
  P.O. Box 98
  Warrens,  Wl 54666
 Environmental Careers
 Circulation Dept
 760 Whalers Way
 Suite 100-A
 Fort Collins, CO 80525

 Resource Recycling
 P.O. Box 10540
 Portland, OR 97210-9893

 Journal of Waste Recycling
 Emmaus, PA 18049

 P.O. Box 6853
 Syracuse, NY 13217-7930
 E: The Environmental
 P.O. Box 6667
 Syracuse, NY 13217-7934

 P.O. Box 51647
 Boulder, CO 80321-1647
 The Complete Guide to
 Environmental Careers
 Island Press
 Box 7, Dept. 4CC
 Covelo, CA 95428
  EPA Headquarters
  401 M Street, SW
  Room 3020
  Washington, DC 20460
  202 260-3266

  Regional Offices
  EPA Region 1
  JFK Office Building
  Boston, MA 02203
  617 565-3719
  EPA Region 2
  26 Federal Plaza
  New York, NY 10278
  212 264-0016
EPA Region 3
841 Chestnut Street
8th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19107
215 597-8922
EPA Region 4
345 Courtland Street NE
Atlanta, GA 30365
404 347-3486
EPA Region 5
77 West Jackson Blvd
Chicago, IL 60604
312 353-2026
EPA Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue
(6M-HP) 12th Floor
Dallas, TX 75202-2733
214 655-6560
EPA Region 7
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
913 551-7041
EPA Region 8
999 18th Street
Suite 500
Denver, CO 80202-2405
303 293-1487
  Earth First
  P.O. Box 5871
  Tucson, AZ 85703
  602 622-1371

  Environmental Action (EA)
  1525 New Hampshire Ave.
Friends of the Earth
21 8 D Street, SE
Washington DC 20003
202 544-2600

P.O. Box 6991
Syracuse, NY 1321 7-9942

Citizens for a Better
(Pollution Control)
33 E. Congress
Suite 523
Chicago, IL 60605
312 939-1530
Washington D.C. 20031
202 745-4870
Friends of the Earth
21 80 Street, SE
Washington DC 20003
202 544-2600

  National Clean Air
  Coalition (NCAC)
  801 Pennsylvania Ave. SE
  3rd Rcor
  Washington DC  20003
  202 543-8200

  National Energy Foundation
  (Environmental Education)
  5160 Wiley Post Way
  Suite 200
  Salt Lake City, UT 84116
  801 539-1406

  Sierra Club
  730 Polk Street
  San Francisco, CA 94109
  415 776-2211
                                                                                                      EPA does not necessarily endorse these publications.
                                                                                                      This list is provided as a sample of available information
EPA Region 9
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94102
415  744-1300
EPA Region 10
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
206 553-2959

Research and
Research Triangle Park, NC
919 541-4268
26 W Martin Luther King Dr
Cincinnati, OH 45268
513 569-7812
P.O. Box 98516
Las Vegas, NV 89193-8516
702 798-2401
Also serves labs in:
Ada, OK
Athens, GA
Corvallis, OR
Duluth, MN
Edison, NJ
Grosse lie, Ml
Gulf Breeze, FLA
Narragansett, Rl
Newport, OR
Warrenton, VA

Field Offices
Building 53
Box 25227(DFC)
Denver, CO 80225
303 236-5114
2526 Plymouth Road
Ann Arbor, Ml 48105
313 668-4220

Another way to help our environment—
pass these materials on to another interested environmentalist.
Reuse,  Recycle, Restore.

                                                                                      i™  i '    •
                                                                                      ERA recognizes the value of
                                                                                                 lan Resources
                                                                                             edicated to
                                                                                          c force. To this end, EPA's
                                                                                       olicy is to provide equal
                                                                                      employment opportunity for
                                                                                      everyone; to prohibit
                                                                                      discrimination in employment
                                                                                      because of race, color,
                                                                                      religion, sex, age, national
                                                                                      origin, or disability; and to
                                                                                      promote the full realization
                                                                                      of equal employment
                                                                                      opportunities on the basis of
                                                                                      merit and fitness through
                                                                                      a continuing affirmative
                                                                                      employment program.

    United States
    Environmental Protection

    National Recruitment
    Program (PM 224)
    Washington DC 20460

    August 1992
printed on recycled paper