FOREIGN DOCUMENTS                      Numbers
  ANNOUNCEMENTS
              SUMMARIES  OF
       FOREIGN  GOVERNMENT
            ENVIRONMENTAL
                   REPORTS
                      APRIL, 1973
                         Library System: Branch,
                         Office of  Planning and Management


                         Office of  International Activities
               U S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
                       Washington. D C 20460

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                          FOREWORD
Under a series  of documents exchange agreements with environmental
agencies in other countries, EPA is building a collection of
environmental reports issued by foreign governments and international
organizations.  This  is  the Gighth   in a series  of announcements  of
foreign documents received.

The original documents can be obtained through the Library Systems
Branch  (see back page for order form).  More detailed English
abstracts can be provided when required.  Full text translations,
which are expensive, should be requested only when essential for
operation of EPA programs.  Translation Services Requisition Form
#1350-1 is used to request translations.

A computerized search system is being developed which will allow
future  retrieval of these summaries by:

     a.  country
     b.  subject area

         air
         water
         noise
         pesticides
         radiation
         solid waste management

     c.  type of document

         1egal/Iegi siati ve/regulatory
         management/pi anning
         scientific/technical
         socio-economic

This series, which is devoted to summaries of government reports
and concentrated on the legislative, economic and social aspects,
suoplements  foreign scientific and technical literature abstracts
covered by  other  EPA information services:

         APTIC
         SWIRS
         PIC
         NOISE

Ultimately,  EP^  plans to  assemble a major collection of foreign
government  environments documents and to develop several approaches
to the  dissemination of this information to  EPA staff.  This
announcement of  documents  received is the first step.

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                       TABLE  OF  CONTENTS

                                                                            P_age_
                                   AIR

Great Britain
     Building Regulations -- 1972, No. 317:  Prevention  of  Emission
       Smoke (Clean Air)	      1
     The Clean Air Act 1956  (4  5 Eli::. 2 c. 52)   	      1
     The Clean Air Act 1968  (c. 62)   	      1
     The Clean Air (Arrestment Plant)  (Exemption) Regulations  --
       1969, No. 1262	      -
     The Clean Air Council Orders -- 1957, No. 766; 1962, No.  12S;
       1965, No. 1274	      2
     The Clean Air (Emission of Dark Smoke)  (Exemption)  Regulations --
       1969, No. 1265	      -
     The Clean Air (Emission of Grit and Dust from Furnaces)
       Regulations -- 1971, No. 162	      5
     The Clean Air (Height of Chimneys) (Exemption) Regulations --
       1969, Nos. 411 and 412	      3
     The Clean Air (Measurement of Grit and Dust from Furnaces)
       Regulations -- 1971	      5
     The Dark Smoke (Permitted Periods) Regulations -- 1958, Nos.
       498 and 878	      4
     The Motor Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations  --  1969,
       No. 521; 1971, No.  444; 1972, No. 805	      4
     Part II -- Construction and Use of Vehicles and Equipment  	      4
     The Public Health Act 1956 (26 Geo. 5  1 Edw. 8 c. 49) 	      5
     The Road Traffic Act 1960 (8  9 Eli-. 2 c. 16)	      5
     The Smoke Control  Areas (Authorised Fuels) Regulations -- 1956,
       No. 2025; 1963, No. 1275; 1965, No. 1951; 1969, No.  1798; 1970,
       No. 1545; 1971, Nos. 1004  1199	      5
     The Smoke Control Areas (Exempted Fireplaces) Order -- 1970, Nos.
       615  1667; 1971, No. 1265; 1972, Nos. 5S  955	      6
Italy
     Pollution (Laws in Force) 	      6
Japan
     Air Pollution Control Law No. 97, June 10, 1968 as Amended by  Law
       No. 88, May 50, 1971	'.  .  .  .      6
     The Air Pollution Control Law of 1968 as Amended by Law No. 84,
       June 22, 1972	      7
     Authorized Limits on Automotive Exhaust Emissions 	      7
     Enforcement Order of the Air Pollution Control Law, Cabinet
       Order No. 329, Nov 30, 1968 as Amended by Cabinet Order No.
       219, June 50,  1971	      7
     Implementing Orders Pursuant to the Pollution Control Law, No.
       97, June 10, 1968 as Amended by Law No. 88, May 30, 1971  ....      8
     The Offensive Odor Prevention Law No.  91, June 1, 1971  ......      8
     Ordinance No. 1 of the Ministries of Health and Welfare and of
       International Trade and Industry, June 22, 1971, as Amended
       by Order No. 59 of the Prime Minister's Office, dated
       Dec 25, 1971	      8

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                               AIR  (contd.)

Netherlands
     Air Pollution:  Decrees of May 23, June  23,  Sep  6  and  7,  1972;
       Nos. 294, 307, 472,  and 471, respectively	      9
     The Air Pollution  Law  of Nov  26,  1970  (Staatsblad  580)   	      9
     Decree of Jan 30,  1953 (Staatsblad 36)   	      9
     Implementation of  Air  Pollution  Law:   Decrees  of Dec 28,  1970;
       Oct 6, 1971; June  23, 1972; and Sep  11,  1972;  Nos. 677,  608,
       308, 473, respectively	     10
     Order of the Secretary of State  for  Social Affairs of  Dec 12,
       1957, No. 2521,  Dept of Labor  Relations, as  Amended	     10
     Public Nuisance Act  of May  15, 1952  (Staatsblad  274)   	     10
     Traffic Regulations  of Aug  28, 1950  (Staatsblad  K337)  	     10
West Germany
     Clean-Air Preservation 1975  	     11
     Ordinance on  Installations  Requiring Licensing Pursuant to Sec
       16 of the Trade  Regulations in the Version of  July 7, 1971   ...     11
     Rhineland-Palatinate State  Law for Protection  Against  Air Pollu-
       tion, Noise  and  Vibration (Immission Protection  Law) of July  28,
       1966, as Amended March 5,  1970	     11

                                  NOISE
 West Germany
      See AIR (West Germany)  -- Control No.  00431	     11

                                  WATER

 Switzerland
      Protection of Water in Switzerland and International Cooperation
        Aimed Toward Protection of the Rhine Against Pollution  	     12
 West Germany
      Agreement on the International Commission for Protecting the
        Rhine Against Pollution of April 23, 1965	     12
      Baden-Wuerttemberg Water Law of Feb 25, 1960 (GVB1. S. 127)  as
        Amended	     13
      Bavarian Water Law of July 26, 1962 (GVB1.  S. 43) as Amended  ...     13
      Dec 1, 1962 Ordinance on the Degradability of Detergents Used in
        Washing and Cleaning Agents 	     13
      First Water Security Ordinance of March 31, 1970 (BGB1. I S.
        357)  	     14
      June 30, 1966 Decree of the Ministry of the Interior on the
        Storing of Liquids as to Endanger Water Resources (Ges. Bl.
        S. 17)  	     14
      Law of Sept 5, 1961, on the Use of Detergents in Washing and
        Cleaning Agents (BGB1. I S. 1653) as Amended   	     14
                                       11

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                                 WATER

West           Article/Source Title:  "Water Resources Management      Control
Germany          Law of July 27, 1957 (BGB1. I S. 1110), as Amended."   No.  00478
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne, W.,
                 Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  11-27          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This federal enabling law contains general provisions on the use
of ground, surface and coastal waters, including conditions for their use,
licensing, and the establishment of water preserves.  Parts II, III, IV and V
deal respectively with surface waters, coastal waters, ground waters, and water
supply administration, with basic provisions outlined for the maintenance of
pure water.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Water Securing Law of           Control
Germany          Aug 24, 1965 (BGB1. I S. 1225), as Amended."           No, 00479
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne, W.,
                 Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  31-40          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This lav/, designed to assure and protect water resources for the
population and the defense effort in the event of belligerency, delineates the
obligations  of the proprietors of water resource facilities and the rights of
the Government to compel certain actions.

                               GENERAL

West           Article/Source Title:  "Bremen:   Law for the Pro-       Control
Germany          tection Against Air Pollution, Noise and Vibra-       No. 00455
                 tion (Immission Protection Law) of June 50,
                 1970."  (GB1. S. 71).   Umweltschutz, Luftreinhal-
                 tung, Laermbekaempfung.   Rechts-und Verwaltungs-
                 vorschriften des Bundes und der Laender mit  einer
                 systematischen Einfuehrung.   Gerhard Feldhaus,  Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Cologne
               Pages:  357-560        Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               The Bremen Law for the protection against air  pollution,  noise
and vibration (immission protection law)  of June 30, 1970 (GB1.  S.  71)  requires
owners and operators of facilities than  can cause pollution to build,  operate,
and maintain these facilities in such a  way that the public is protected from
excessive levels of air and noise pollution to the extent that technology and
                                      15

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                                   AIR

Great         Article/Source Title:  "Building Regulations  --  1972,     Control
Britain         No. 317:  Prevention of Emission Smoke  (Clean  Air)."    No.  00414
                Statutory Instruments 1972.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1972, London
              Page:  91              Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              Section 2 of Part.M (Works and Fittings) of these  regulations
provides that heating and cookihg appliances are prohibited from discharging
"the products of combustion" into the air unless they are designed to burn gas,
coke, or anthracite.  Certain exemptions are enumerated.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Clean Air Act 1956            Control
Britain         (4  5 Eliz. 2 c. 52)."  Halsbury's Statutes of         No. 00415
                England, 3d ed., v. 26.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971, London
              Pages:  456-490        Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              This act seeks to control the amount of smoke, dust and grit
emitted from chimneys servicing the furnace of any boiler or industrial plant.
It bans dark smoke from chimneys, requires nev/ly installed industrial and other
non-residential furnaces to be virtually smokeless when operated continuously
with proper fuels, and specifies that new furnaces shall be so fitted as to
arrest grit and dust and that the grit and dust emitted shall be measured.  The
act establishes smoke control areas, encourages owners  of private dwellings to
adapt their furnaces to emit less smoke, provides for partial reimbursement of
their costs, and sets up a Clean Air Council.  Other parts of this act  cover
administrative procedures, the enforcement duties of courts and  local authori-
ties, with the latter urged to make relevant investigations and to publicize
po1lution prob1ems.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Clean Air Act 1968            Control-
Britain         (c. 62)."  Halsbury's Statutes of England, 3d ed.,     No. 00417
                v. 26.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971, London
              Pages:  603-619        Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              Designed to strengthen the existing pollution control law, this
act extends the prohibition on dark-smoke emission to every industrial  or trade
premise and authorizes the Minister to prescribe limits on the rate of  emission
of grit and dust from chimneys serving a furnace that burns solid, liquid or
gaseous material.   Certain furnaces, built to burn at a specified heat, are re-
quired to provide an "arrestment plant" for minimizing grit and dust emissions.
This act further makes mandatory an approval by local authority of the height
of all newly built chimneys, not excluding those of houses, shops, and  offices.
The Minister is empowered to take the initiative in local smoke-control areas
and to direct local authorities to take action that he deems necessary  in cases

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                                   AIR

Great Britain  (Control No. 00417) continued:

where local authorities have not exercised  sufficient pollution control.  Persons
who acquire or sell unauthorized solid fuels for a non-exempted building or
furnace are liable to fine.

Great         Article/Source Title:   "The Clean Air  (Arrestment         Control
Britain         Plant)  (Exemption) Regulations -- 1969, No.  1262."      No. 00420
                Statutory  Instruments 1969.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1970, London
              Pages:  3777-3780       Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

               These regulations provide  exemptions to the  requirement  of the
Clean Air Act  1968 that  certain furnaces be fitted with arrestment plants for
minimizing  grit and dust.  Portable  furnaces furnishing temporary sources of
heat are exempted as are other specified types in which the  matter burned does
not "contribute to the  emission of  grit  and dust."   An appended schedule desig-
nates the format  of, and the  information to be supplied on,  the application for
exemption.

Great          Article/Source  Title:   "The Clean Air  Council             Control
Britain         Orders  --  1957, No.  766;  1962, No.  128; 1965,           Wo. 00427
                No.  1274."  Statutory Instruments 1957.
               Date/Place of Publication:   1958-66,  London
               Pages:  various        Language:  English
               Source Repository:   EPA	

               These  orders provide  for  the  organization of the Clean Air Coun-
cil, the members  of  which  are appointed by  the Minister  (Secretary of  State for
the Environment).

Great          Article/Source  Title:   "The  Clean Air  (Emission           Control
Britain          of  Dark Smoke) (Exemption)  Regulations  --  1969,         No. 00418
                 No.  1263."  Statutory Instruments  1969.
               Date/Place of Publication:1970,  London
               Pages:   3781-3783      Language:  English
               Source Repository:   EPA	

               The following exemptions  to  that part  of  the Clean  Air Act 1968
that bans  emission  of dark smoke  are made  subject  to the  conditions  that there
be no  other practicable means of disposal  and  that  there  be constant supervision
to minimize smoke emissions:   burning timber and  other materials  at  building
 sites;  waste explosives; burning as a result of  fire control and  fire-fighting
training;  tar, pitch or asphlat used in surfacing  roads;  incineration  of deceased
 animals;  and the burning of certain containers used for pesticides and other
 toxic  substances.

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                                   AIR

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Clean Air  (Emission of       Control
Britain         Grit and Dust from Furnaces) Regulations -- 1971,      No.  00419
                No. 162."  Statutory Instruments 1971.
              Data/Place of Publication:  1971, London
              Pages:  500-504        Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              These regulations prescribe the maximum amount of grit and dust
which may be emitted by the chimneys of furnaces installed after Nov 1, 1971.
Furnaces installed earlier have until Jan 1, 1978 to comply-  The permissible
amount of grit and dust is determined by the heat input or output and by the
fuel burned, either solid or liquid.  These regulations do not apply to in-
cinerators .

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Clean Air (Height of         Control
Britain         Chimneys) (Exemption) Regulations -- 1969,  Nos.         No.  00422
                411 and 412."  Statutory Instruments 1969.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1969, London
              Pages:  1155-1162      Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              Statutory Instrument No.  411 provides that chimneys serving
temporarily placed boilers or plants or mobile units used at construction sites
or units used in investigation and research or as permitted under the Agricul-
tural Act 1947 are exempted from the requirement of obtaining approval of
chimney height from the local authority.  Statutory Instrument No.  412 contains
two schedules:  the first provides the  prescribed application form for chimney
height approval; the second lists the particulars that must accompany the appli-
cation.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Clean Air (Measurement       Control
Britain         of Grit and Dust from Furnaces) Regulations --         No.  00426
                1971."  Statutory Instruments 1971.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971,  London
              Pages:  497-499        Language:   English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              These regulations require that devices for the measurement  of grit
and dust emitted from furnaces be adapted so that the recording  and reporting
of such measurements are in accordance  with one of the procedures  described in
British Standard 3405,  1961.

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                                   AIR

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Dark Smoke  (Permitted        Control
Britain         Periods) Regulations -- 1958, Nos. 498 and 878."       No. 00428
                Statutory  Instruments  1958.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1959,  London
              Pages:   312-315        Language:   English
              Source Repository:   EPA	

              Statutory  Instrument No. 498  of the  Clean  Air Act  1956 permits the
emission of dark  smoke for 10  to  14 minutes in any 8-hour period when  a  single
boiler unit is  fired by  one furnace, with a longer period provided  for a chimney
serving more  than one  furnace.  Statutory Instrument  No. 878  specifies the periods
of time within  which dark  smoke may be emitted from vessels before  the latter are
subject to prohibitions  enumerated in  the Clean  Air Act.  The permitted  time,
depending on  the  type  of furnace  and ship,  varies  from 5 to 20 minutes in any
1-hour period.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Motor  Vehicles (Con-        Control
Britain          struction  and  Use) Regulations  --  1969,  No. 321;       No. 00421
                 1971,  No.  444;  1972, No. 805."   Statutory  Instru-
                 ments  1969,  1971, 1972.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1969-72, London
              Pages:   various        Language:   English
              Source Repository:   EPA	

              Sections of  the  1969 regulations  deal with restrictions  on the
emission  of  smoke, visible vapor, and  the fitting  of  devices  on  every  motor
vehicle to prevent the emission of sparks or grit. Section 25A  of  the 1971
regulations  requires that all new vehicles,  built after July 1, 1971 and  in use
after  Jan 1,  1972, with spark-ignition engines  (except two-wheeled  motorcyles)
must be  equipped with  means  of preventing  the escape  of  vapors or gases  into
the  atmosphere.  Section 85A provides  that  equipment  under Section  25A must be
kept in  good working order.   Section 25B of the  1972  regulations requires that
certain  diesel-engine  vehicles conform to  a standard  of  smoke emission under
the  British  Standard Specification for diesel engines.

Great         Article/Source Title:   "Part  II -- Construction and      Control
Britain          Use of Vehicles and  Equipment."   Road Traffic Act      No. 00425
                 1972,  Chapter  20.
               Date/Place of Publication:   1972,  London
              Pages:   21-56          Language:   English
              Source Repository:   EPA	

               This act authorizes the  Secretary of State to make regulations
governing the construction,  equipment  and  uses of motor  vehicles, including the
 emission or consumption of smoke, fumes,  or vapor and the  emission  of  sparks,
 ashes, and grit.  An authorized examiner may test vehicles on the road for
 compliance with  the law for the prevention  and reduction  of smoke, fumes, or
vapors.   The act also  provides that  the vehicle owner will have  a  specified time
 in which to  repair any defects and to  be retested for compliance.

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                                   AIR

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Public Health Act 1936       Control
Britain         (26 Geo. 5  1 Edw. 8 c. 49)."  Halsbury's Statute     No. 00425
                of England, 3d ed, v. 26.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971, London
              Pages:  269-280        Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	
              Part III of this act, "Nuisances and Offensive Trades," provides
a means of action by local authorities against smoke and offensive odors which
are not covered by the Alkali Act 1906 or the Clean Air Act 1956.  It lists as
a statutory nuisance "any dust or effluvia caused by any trade, business, manu-
facture or process" that is a nuisance to persons in the vicinity-  A complaint
may be brought by anyone so aggreived, and the justice of the peace may order
the local authority to abate the nuisance.  This part of the act does not apply
to the smelting of ores and minerals or to the heating or converting of iron
and other metals.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Road Traffic Act 1960        Control
Britain         (8 $ 9 Eliz. 2 c. 16)."  Halsbury's Statutes of        No.  00424
                England, 3d ed., v. 28.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971, London
              Page:  241             Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              Section 64 (b) of this act empowers the Minister to make regulations
concerning the emission or consumption of smoke, fumes, or vapor and the emission
of sparks, ashes and grit.

Great         Article/Source Title:  "The Smoke Control Areas          Control
Britain         (Authorized Fuels) Regulations -- 1956, No.  2023;      No.  00412
                1963, No.  1275;  1965, No. 1951; 1969, No.  1798;
                1970, No.  1545;  1971, Nos. 1004  1199."  Statutory
                Instruments 1956, 1965, 1965, 1969, 1970,  1971.
              Date/Place of Publication:1957-71, London
              Pages:  various        Language:  English
              Source Repository:  EPA	
              Pursuant to the Clean Air Act 1956,  the Smoke Control Areas (Au-
thorized Fuels) Regulations (1956,  No.  2023; 1963, No.  1275; 1965,  No.  1951;
1969, No. 1798; 1970, No. 1545;  1971,  Nos.  1004 and 1199)  authorize the use of
the following fuels:  anthracite,  carbonized briquetted fuels,  coke, electricity,
gas, low-temperature carbonization fuels,  low-volatile steam coals, fluidized
char binderless briquettes, "multiheat" briquettes manufactured by  the  National
Coal Board, "coziglo" nuts and "Rexco  Ovoids," "fireglo" briquettes, "Maxiglow"
ovoids, "Ancit" briquettes, "extracite" ovoids, "Syntraciet" ovoids, "XL"
briquettes, and "Anthracine" ovoids.

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                                   AIR

Great         Article/'Source Title:   "The  Smoke  Control Areas           Control
Britain          (Exempted Fireplaces) Order  -- 1970,  Nos.  615           No.  00429
                 1667;  1971, No.  1265; 1972,  Nos.  38  $ 955."
                 Statutory Instruments 1970,  1971,  1972.
              Date/Place of Publication:1970-72, London
              Pages:   various         Language:   English
              Source Repository:   EPA	

              Pursuant to the  Clean  Air Act  1956,  these statutory instruments
exempt certain  categories of furnaces from the Smoke-Control Areas provisions
of the act.   Exempted  are furnaces or grate  stoves burning liquid fuel, those
equipped with mechanical stokers and burning other than pulverized fuel and
installed  prior to  May 1, 1970,  mechanical-stoking furnaces  designed to burn
coal  and with a heating capacity of  more  than 150,000 BTUs per hour and installed
after Dec  3,  1956;  solid-fuel  Duclair units, Fulgora combustion  stoves, House-
warmers, wood-chip  fired air heaters, Hounsell sawdust burning stoves,  Triancomatic
808's, Rayburn  CB 34's, Parkray Coolmasters, and Trianco TGB 17's.  The exempted
status is  only  applicable when these furnaces have been properly installed  and
maintained so as to minimize  smoke emissions.

Italy        Article/Source Title:   "Pollution  (Laws in Force)."      Control
                 Inquinamento  (Normativa Vigente).  Unione  industrial!  No.  00429
                 della provincia di Savona, Comp.
              Date/Place of Publication:   1972,  Savona
              Pages:   5-253          Language:   Italian
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              This  publication gives a  synthesis of  Italian anti-pollution  laws
and  reproduces  in full the  Air Pollution  Law of  1966 (Law  No.  615) and  the  sub-
sequent  implementing decrees  and ordinances  that explain in detail the  pertinent
means for  the prevention and  limitation of air pollution.   The first chapter of
Law  615  divides Italy into  two major control areas and establishes a Central
Board of Control.  This board, composed of various government  officials and
attached to the Ministry of Health as an  autonomous  body,  is empowered  to en-
force anti-pollution legislation.  Chapters  2 and 3  set  standards for thermal
installations and fuels, while Chapter  4  provides norms  for the  operations  and
monitoring of these installations.  Chapters 5 and 6 are devoted to the preven-
tion of air pollution from industrial establishments and motor vehicles. The
final chapter sets arrangements for implementing regulations and designates
authorities competent to carry them out.

              Article/Source Title:   "Air Pollution  Control Law  No.    Control
                 97, June 10,  1968 as Amended by  Law  No.  88,  May         No.  00393
                 30, 1971."
               Date/Place of Publication:   1971,  Tokyo
               Pages:  1-15            Language:   Japanese
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This law seeks  to protect the natural  environment  and the health
of the population by controlling the discharge of smoke  and fine dusts  from

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                                   AIR

Japan (Control No. 00393) continued:

factories and industrial installations and by setting thresholds on automotive
exhaust gases.  It defines substances deemed harmful within the scope of the
legislation.  General standards for regulating soot and dust emissions are^to be
applied uniformly, but more rigid regulations may be set by local authorities in
a heavily contaminated area.  Emission standards for carbon oxides emitted by
motor vehicles differ according to the categorization of the controlled area and
are set by the national government.  The law also requires that the proprietors
of facilities emitting smoke or dust report the nature of the pollution hazard
and the preventive measures taken and that they measure and record the density
of the pollutants emitted.  The law further authorizes local governors to issue
smog alarms and curtail industrial operations.

Japan         Article/Source Title:  "The Air Pollution Control        Control
                Law of 1968 as Amended by Law No. 84, June 22,         No.  00399
                1972."
              Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Tokyo
              Pages:  18-19          Language:   Japanese
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              This law seeks to protect the victims of air pollution by determin-
ing the liability of an industrial installation in event that human health has
been impaired by the discharge of smoke and fine dust from that installation.
If that health impairment results from the emission of substances designated by
Cabinet Order as injurious, the proprietor of the responsible installation is
strictly liable for damages.  The law covers situations involving several pro-
prietors and the statute of limitations for initiating claims.

Japan         Article/Source Title:  "Authorized Limits on             Control
                Automotive Exhaust Emissions."   Environmental          No.  00396
                Agency Notice No. 115.
              Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Tokyo
              Pages:  1-9            Language:   Japanese/English
              Source Repository:  EPA	

              This notice sets new standards for automotive exhaust gases to be-
come effective April 1, 1973.  The standards are applicable to both new and used
motor vehicles and were prepared on the basis of control techniques presently
available in Japan.  The controlled substances  are monoxide, hydrocarbons,  oxides
of nitrogen, and particulate pollutants (limited to diesel black smoke).

Japan         Article/Source Title:  "Enforcement Order of the Air     Control
                Pollution Control Law, Cabinet  Order No. 329,          No.  00594
                Nov 30, 1963 as Amended by Cabinet Order No. 219,
                June 30, 1971."
              Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Tokyo
              Pages:  16-26          Language:   Japanese
              Sour-ce Repository:  EPA	

              This order lists additional substances regarded as harmful  within
the context of the Air Pollution Control Law and designates a number of devices

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                                   AIR

Japan (Control No. 00394) continued:

that are to be regulated by virtue of their smoke- or dust-emitting capability.
The order names control areas where the use of  fuels is to be regulated and sets
standards for emission during smog emergencies.

Japan          Article/Source Title:  "Implementing Orders Pur-        Control
                  suant to the Pollution Control  Law, No.  97, June      No. 00597
                  10,  1968, as Amended by  Law  No.  88, May  30, 1971."
               Date/Place of Publication:   1971-72, Tokyo
               Pages:  54-61         Language:   Japanese
               Source Repository: EPA

               Order  No.  2, J9ne  23, 1971,  as amended by  Order No. 41, July 1,
1971, issued by the Prime Minister's Office,  concerns air pollution  levels
brought  on  by automotive  exhaust  gas.  The  Ministry of  Transportation Ordinance
No.  58,  Nov 30, 1968, as  amended  by the Prime Minister's  Office  Order No. 14,
July 1,  1971, deals with  the  determination  of types of  motor vehicles.  Notice
No.  1,  issued by  the  Ministries of Health and Welfare and of International
Trade and  Industry and dated  June 22,  1971,  set standards for the use of  fuels.
The  Cabinet decisions of  Feb  12,  1969  and Feb 20, 1970, establish environmental
standards  for  sulfur  oxide  and  carbon  monoxide.   Environmental Agency Notice
No.  1,  Jan  11,  1972,  sets  standards for  suspended particulate pollutants.

Japan         Article/Source Title:   "The  Offensive Odor Preven-      Control
                  tion Law No.  91, June 1, 1971."                      No. 00398
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Tokyo
               Pages:   62-65         Language:   Japanese
               Source Repository:  EPA	

                This  law,  designed to preserve the natural environment and protect
the  health of the population by controlling offensive odors discharged from in-
dustrial installations,  designates  as  malodorous substances amonia,  methyl mer-
captan,  and such  other substances as  a Cabinet  order may  specify.  The governor
of an urban or rural  prefecture is  empowered to designate areas  to which  control
standards  will  apply and to take steps to ameliorate malodorous  conditions.
He may ask the  owners of installations producing offensive  odors to  submit re-
ports on their deodorizing efforts,  and he  may  order the  inspection  of such
 installations.   The  law also prohibits the  outdoor incineration  of rubber,
 leather and plastic materials or waste oils in  residential  areas.

Japan          Article/Source Title:   "Ordinance No.  1  of the          Control
                  Ministries of Health and Welfare and  of  Inter-        No. 00395
                  national Trade and Industry, June 22,  1971,  as
                  Amended by Order No.  59 of the Prime  Minister's
                  Office,  dated Dec 25, 1971."
                Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Tokyo
                Pages:  26-53         Language:   Japanese
                Source Repository:  EPA	

                This ordinance is an enforcement regulation  of the Air  Pollution
 Control Law and covers emission standards and the methods used in calculating them.

                                       8

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                                   AIR

Netherlands    Article/Source Title:  "Air Pollution:  Decrees          Control
                 of May 23, June 23, Sep 6 and 7, 1972; Nos.            No.  00404
                 294, 307, 472, and 471, respectively."
                 Stattsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden.
               Date/Place of Publication:1972, Soestdijk
               Pages:  various       Language:  Dutch
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               The first of these decrees defines the types of installations
that cause or can cause air pollution.  The second lists fuels subject  to levies
and regulates the extent of these levies and their collection.  The Sep 6 decree
establishes procedures for requesting, changing or cancelling a pollution permit.
The Sep 7 decree regulates request procedures for compensation for damage caused
by air pollution.

Netherlands    Article/Source Title:  "The Air Pollution Law           Control
                 of Nov 26, 1970 (Staatsblad 530)."  Milieuwet-        No.  00409
                 geving I.  Cassuto, R.  G. H., Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Zwolle
               Pages:  157-207       Language:  Dutch/English
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This lav/ authorizes the establishment of an Air Pollution
Council, describes its responsibilities  and empowers the competent Minister to
prevent or limit air pollution caused by facilities, devices or fuels.  It also
provides that installations which cause  air pollution within normally acceptable
limits may be defined as unacceptable if they are situated in an area where
considerable air pollution already exists.  Further, the law prohibits installa-
tions emitting unacceptable levels of pollutants to operate unless a permit is
obtained.  The competent Minister may determine what regulations apply in the
measurement of air pollutants, and property owners may not interfere with govern-
ment pollution-measuring activities.  The law also provides that the Minister
for Social Affairs and Public Health develop at five-year intervals an anti-
air pollution program for the ensuing five years.

Netherlands    Article/Source Title:  "Decree of Jan 30,  1953          Control
                 (Staatsblad 36)."  Hinderwet.                         No.  00406
               Date/Place of Publication:1969,  Zwolle
               Pages:  33-42         Language:  Dutch
               Source Repository:   EPA	

               This decree indicates the type of installations that may cause
danger, damage or nuisance and states the requirements for obtaining a permit
to operate such installations.

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                                   AIR

Netherlands    Article/Source Title:   "Implementation  of Air  Pol-      Control
                 lution Law:  Decrees  of Dec  28,  1970; Oct  6,  1971;    No.  00403
                 June 23,  1972;  and Sep 11, 1972; Nos. 677, 608,
                 308, 473, respectively."  Staatsblad  van het
                 Koninkrijk der  Nederlanden.
               Date/Place  of Publication:1970-72,  Soestdijk
               Pages:  various         Language:   Dutch
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               These decrees implement the Air  Pollution Law  of Nov  26,  1970,
generally  as  regards the entry  into force of  its  various provisions.

Netherlands    Article/Source Title:   "Order  of the  Secretary of      Control
                 State  for Social  Affairs of  Dec  12, 1957,  No.         No.  00407
                 2521,  Dept of  Labor  Relations, as Amended."
                 Hinderwet.
               Date/Place  of Publication:  1969,  Zwolle
               Pages:   42-46           Language:   Dutch
               Source Repository:   EPA	
                This order designates the competent authorities to  adjudicate
 violations of the Public Nuisance Act.

 Netherlands    Article/Source Title:  "Public Nuisance Act of          Control
                  May 15, 1952 (Staatsblad 274)."  Hinderwet.            No.  00405
                Date/Place of Publication:  1969, Zwolle
                Pages:  1-32           Language:   Dutch
                Source Repository:  EPA	

                The act forbids operation without approval of installations  that
 may cause danger, damage or nuisance.  The issuing of permits lies within the
 competence of the municipal or provincial government and of the Minister for
 Social Affairs and Public Health.  An installation operating without a permit
 may be closed by the authorities if it does not conform to the condition set
 forth in the permit.  The act provides for both appeals and penalties.

 Netherlands    Article/Source Title:  "Traffic Regulations of Aug       Control
                  28, 1950 (Staatsblad K337)."  Wegenverkeersregle-     No.  00408
                  ment.  Noach, W.M.E., ed.
                Date/Place of Publication:  1970, Zwolle
                Page :  170            Language:  Dutch
                Source Repository:  EPA	

                Article 66(d) of these regulations states that motor vehicles
 must be constructed in such a way that a public nuisance such as smoke and
 vapors is avoided.
                                       10

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                                   AIR

West           Article/Source Title:  "Clean-Air Preservation           Control
Germany          1975."  Luftreinhaltung 1975.  Oels, Heinrich          No.  00402
                 and Friedrich Surendorf, Comps.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Cologne
               Pages:  51-71          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               Article presents proposals for planning an anti-air pollution
program for 1975.  The discussion deals with the problems of air pollution,
goals and conflicting interests, technical and legal measures, research and
development, costs, economic competition, jurisdictional and international
interests, limits to air-pollution control and obstacles impeding research and
training.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Ordinance .on Installations      Control
Germany          Requiring Licensing Pursuant to Sec 16 of the         No. 00411
                 Trade Regulations in the Version of July 7,
                 1971."  Bundesgesetzblatt I.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Bonn
               Page:  88              Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This licensing law lists types of mining, processing and manu-
facturing activities engaged in trade that require prior authorization in the
interest of clean-air preservation.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Rhineland-Palatinate State      Control
Germany          Law for Protection Against Air Pollution,  Noise       No. 00451
                 and Vibration (Immission Protection Law) of
                 July 28, 1966, as Amended March 5,1970."
                 (GVB1. S.  211; GVB1. S. 96).  Umweltschutz,
                 Luftreinhaltung, Laermbekaempfung.   Rechts-und
                 Verwaltungsvorschriften des Bundes und der
                 Laender mit einer systematischen Einfuehrung.
                 Gerhard Feldhaus, Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971,  Cologne
               Pages:  441-445        Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               The Rhineland-Palatinate state law for protection against air
pollution, noise, and vibrations (immission protection law)  of July 28, 1966,
as amended March 5, 1970 (GVB1. S. 211;  GVB1. S.  96) requires owners/operators
of facilities that may cause pollution or excessive noise levels to design,
operate, and maintain these facilities in a manner as to protect the population
from exposure to undue pollution hazards to the extent possible.  The state
government may require adherence to certain technical standards and the conduct-
ing of.emission-immission measurements by the operator,  set emission thresholds,


                                      11

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                                   AIR

West Germany  (Control No. 00431) continued:

limit the use of certain fuels during periods of  severe pollution, and  subject
the operation of the facilities to limitations  in regard  to time  and place.  The
law also provides for administrative monitoring of  the law and  for a program
of immission measurements.

                                 NOISE

West Germany   See AIR  (West  Germany)   Control  No.  00431

                                 WATER

Switzerland    Article/Source Title:  La  Protection des eaux  en        Control
                 Suisse et  la cooperation internationale  visant a      No.  00401
                 proteger le  Rhin  contre  la pollution (Protection
                 of Water in  Switzerland  and International Coopera-
                 tion Aimed Toward Protection of  the  Rhine Against
                 Pollution).  Urbanzyk, U.   Swiss Federal Service
                 for Water  Protection.
               Date/Place of  Publication:  Dec  10,  1970,  Berne
               Pages:   1-2            Language:  French
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               Switzerland  and  her neighbors are  making efforts toward  super-
vising  the state of their waters  and  rivers in  terms  of employing identical
methods of analysis as  well as  implementing uniform sanitation  measures.
Switzerland  is a member of  a  five-nation  group  concerned  with the prevention of
water pollution.   Switzerland,  the German Federal Republic, France, Luxemburg
and  the Netherlands are members of the  Commission for the Protection of the Rhine
Against Pollution.  They have agreed  to:   (1) see to  it that  the  wholesomeness
of the  waters of the  Rhine  are  maintained;  (2)  maintain the struggle against
pollution; and  (3)  improve  their actual state.
               Tasks  of the Commission  toward these ends  are  set  forth.  The
Secretariat  of the Commission is located  in Koblenz,  Germany.

West          Article/Source Title:   "Agreement  on the  Inter-          Control
Germany         national  Commission  for  Protecting the Rhine          No.  00482
                 Against Pollution of April 23, 1965."
                  Bundesgesetzblatt 1965 II:  1452-1455.
               Date/Place  of Publication:1965,  Bonn
               Pages:   1452-1455     Language:  German
               Source Repository:    EPA	

               This agreement assigns broader powers to  the  International Com-
mission for  the  promoting of cooperation between Germany, France, Luxemburg, the
Netherlands  and  Switzerland on preventing further pollution of the  Rhine River
and  on  the  improvement of its present state.  The agreement  sets  up provisions
for  the organization,  operation, and financial support of the Commission's work.

                                       12

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                                 WATER

West           Article/Source Title:  "Baden-Wuerttemberg Water        Control
Germany          Law of Feb 25, 1960 (GVB1. S. 127) as Amended."       No.  00484
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne,
                 W., Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  11-55          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This law establishes general regulations governing the use of
water, defines the various types of water bodies, specifies the responsibilities
of the public and private proprietors of such water bodies, and sets requirements
relating to construction activities affecting these waters.  Certain provisions
of the law deal with water pollution, particularly the depositing of substances
that modify the physical, chemical or biological characteristics of the water,
transporting through pipes liquids that could impair the quality of the water;
and the issuing of decrees to control pollution.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Bavarian Water Law of           Control
Germany          July 26, 1962 (GVB1. S. 43) as Amended."              No. 00486
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne,
                 W., Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  11-45          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This law contains a classification of water bodies,  provisions
and licensing requirements for their use, protection of such water  resources,
particularly from pollution.  The law regulates the storage and  transportation
of pollutants, and restricts in the public interest certain activities affect-
ing water resources.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Dec 1,  1962 Ordinance on         Control
Germany          the Degradability of Detergents Used in Washing       No. 00483
                 and Cleaning Agents."  Bundesgesetzblatt 1962 I:
                 698-706.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1962,  Bonn
               Pages:  698-706        Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This ordinance requires that the degradability of anionic  deter-
gents used in washing and cleaning agents must amount  to at least 80 percent.
The degradability is to be determined by methods outlined in the annex to this
ordinance.
                                      13

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                               AIR  (contd.)

Nether lands
     Air Pollution:  Decrees of May 23, June  23,  Sep  6  and  7,  1972;
       Nos. 294, 307, 472,  and 471, respectively	      9
     The Air Pollution Law  of Nov  26,  1970  (Staatsblad  580)   	      9
     Decree of Jan 30, 1953 (Staatsblad 36)   	      9
     Implementation of Air  Pollution  Law:   Decrees  of Dec 28,  1970;
       Oct 6, 1971; June  23, 1972; and Sep  11,  1972;  Nos. 677,  608,
       308, 473, respectively	     10
     Order of the Secretary of State  for  Social Affairs of  Dec 12,
       1957, No. 2521, Dept of Labor  Relations, as  Amended	     10
     Public Nuisance Act  of May  15, 1952  (Staatsblad  274)	     10
     Traffic Regulations  of Aug  28, 1950  (Staatsblad  K337)  	     10
West Germany
     Clean-Air Preservation 1975  	     11
     Ordinance on Installations  Requiring Licensing Pursuant  to Sec
       16 of the Trade Regulations in the Version of  July 7,  1971   ...     11
     Rhineland-Palatinate State  Law for Protection  Against  Air Pollu-
       tion, Noise and Vibration (Immission Protection  Law) of July  28,
       1966, as Amended March 5,  1970	     11

                                  NOISE
 West Germany
      See AIR (West Germany)  -- Control No.  00431	     11

                                  WATER

 Switzerland
      Protection of Water in Switzerland and International Cooperation
        Aimed Toward Protection of the Rhine Against Pollution  	     12
 West Germany
      Agreement on the International Commission for Protecting the
        Rhine Against Pollution of April 23, 1965	     12
      Baden-Wuerttemberg Water Law of Feb 25, 1960 (GVB1.  S.  127)  as
        Amended	     13
      Bavarian Water Law of July 26, 1962 (GVB1. S. 43) as Amended  ...     13
      Dec 1, 1962 Ordinance on the Degradability of Detergents Used in
        Washing and Cleaning Agents 	     13
      First Water Security Ordinance of March 31, 1970 (BGB1. I S.
        357)  	     14
      June 30, 1966 Decree of the Ministry of the Interior on the
        Storing of Liquids as to Endanger Water Resources  (Ges. Bl.
        S. 17)  	     14
      Law of Sept 5, 1961, on the Use of Detergents in Washing and
        Cleaning Agents (BGB1. I S. 1653) as Amended  	     14
                                       11

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                                 WATER

West           Article/Source Title:  "Water Resources Management       Control
Germany          Law of July 27, 1957 (BGB1. I S. 1110), as Amended."    No.  00478
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne, W.,
                 Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  11-27          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This federal enabling law contains general provisions on the use
of ground, surface and coastal waters, including conditions for their use,
licensing, and the establishment of water preserves.  Parts II, III, IV and V
deal respectively v/ith surface waters, coastal waters, ground waters, and water
supply administration, with basic provisions outlined for the maintenance of
pure water.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Water Securing Law of            Control
Germany          Aug 24, 1965 (BGB1. I S. 1225), as Amended."           No. 00479
                 Umweltrecht:  Raum und Natur, v. 1.  Burhenne, W.,
                 Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
               Pages:  31-40          Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	

               This lav/, designed to assure and protect water resources for the
population and the defense effort in the event of belligerency, delineates the
obligations of the proprietors of water resource facilities and the rights of
the Government to compel certain actions.

                               GENERAL

West           Article/Source Title:  "Bremen:   Law for the Pro-       Control
Germany          tection Against Air Pollution, Noise and Vibra-       No.  00455
                 tion (Immission Protection Law) of June  50,
                 1970."  (GB1.  S. 71).  Umweltschutz, Luftreinhal-
                 tung, Laermbekaempfung.   Rechts-und Verwaltungs-
                 vorschriften des Bundes  und der Laender  mit  einer
                 systematischen Einfuehrung.Gerhard Feldhaus,  Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:1971, Cologne
               Pages:  557-560        Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA

               The Bremen Law for the protection against  air  pollution,  noise
and vibration (immission protection law)  of June 50, 1970 (GB1.  S.  71)  requires
owners and operators of facilities than  can cause pollution to build,  operate,
and maintain these facilities in such a  way that the public is protected from
excessive levels of air and noise pollution to  the extent that technology and
                                      15

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                               GENERAL

West Germany (Control No. 00433) continued:

costs permit.  Provisions of the law cover the implementation of ordinances,
administrative monitoring, the measurement of health hazards, disclosure of
trade secrets, penalties for violation, and the relationship to police regula-
tions.

West           Article/Source Title:  "Saarland:  Law No. 816.         Control
Germany          Building Ordinance for the Saarland of May 12,        No. 00432
                 1965."   (Amtsbl. S. 529)  (Extract).  Umweltschutz,
                 Luftreinhaltung, Laermbekaempfung.  Rechts-und
                 Verwaltungsvorschriften des Bundes und der Laender
                 mit  einer systematischen  Einfuehrung.  Gerhard
                 Feldhaus, Comp.
               Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Cologne
               Pages:  451-458        Language:  German
               Source Repository:  EPA	  	

               The  Saarland Law  No. 816, Building Ordinance for  the Saarland
of May  12,  1965,  (Amtsbl. S. 529)  (extract) stipulates that structures are to
be designed, built, modified,  and maintained in such a manner as not to en-
danger  public  security.,  especially life and health.  It further  requires that
adequate  protection be afforded  against excess noise and heat and against pol-
lution  caused  by physical, chemical, or biological  factors.  It  also contains
regulations concerning chimneys, furnaces, storage  areas, garages, and animal
enclosures.


Vest Germany  See  AIR  (West Germany)   Control No. 00431
                                       16

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From:
         Offi ce:                       Room #
Subject:  Requests for Foreign Exchange Documents

   Please send me the following items abstracted in
the Summaries of Foreign Government Environmental Reports
date d	:

   Control No .	              Language 	

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