Number 10
              June, 1973
       SUMMARIES OF
FOREIGN GOVERNMENT
      ENVIRONMENTAL
             REPORTS
 U. S ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
          Washington, D. C. 20460

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                             FOREWORD
Under a series of documents exchange agreements with enf/ironrnental
agencies in other countries, EPA is building a collection of environ-
mental reports issued by foreign governments and international organi-
zations.  This is a monthly announcement listing of foreign documents
received through the exchange agreements.

The original documents can be obtained through the Library Systems
Branch  (see back page for order form).  More detailed English abstracts
can be provided when required.  Full text translations, which are expen-
sive, should be requested only when essential for operation of EPA programs.
Translation Services Requisition form #1350-1 is used to request trans-
lations.

A computerized search system is being developed which will allow future
retrieval of these summaries by:

     a.  country                   c.  type of document
     b.  subject area
         air                           legal/legislative/regulatory
         water                         management/planning
         noise                         scientific/technical
         pesticides                    socio-economic
         radiation
         solid waste management

This series, which is devoted to summaries of government reports and
concentrated on the legislative, economic and social aspects, eupple-
ments foreign scientific and technical literature abstracts covered by
other EPA information services:

     APTIC                                                PIC
     SWIRS                                                NOISE

Ultijnately, EPA plans to assemble a major collection of foreign govern-
ment environments documents and to develop several approaches to the
dissemination of this information to EPA staff.  This announcement of
documents received is the first step.

Office of Planning and Management     Office of International Activities

               U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                      Washington, D. C.  20460

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                      TABLE  OF  CONTENTS
                                                                          Page
                                    AIR

Spa-in
     Economia industrial, No. 107 	       1
Sweden
     Burning of Fossil Oil for Heating Purposes  	       1
     Statutory Regulation of Mar 24, 1972 on Reduction of Sulphur
       Content in Fuel Oil	       1
     Statutory Regulation of Nov 20, 1968 on Reduction of Sulphur
       Content in Fuel Oil	       2
     Traffic Code of Sep 28, 1951, as Amended	       2
     See WATER (Sweden)  Control No. 00466   	       2
United States
     The Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857-1857e	       2

                                  NOISE

Sweden
     See WATER (Sweden) -- Control No. 00466   	       3
United States
     Noise Control Act of 1972, 42 U.S.C. 4901 et seq	       3

                             PESTICIDES

Belgium
     Belgium:  Pesticide Residues in Foodstuffs of Plant Origin  ...       3
     June 20, 1964 Law Regulating Foodstuffs, Food Substances, and
       Other Products	       4
Canada
     Pesticide Residue Compensation Act, 1968-69, c. 34, s. 1.   ...       4
France
     Decree No. 48-1905 of Nov 19, 1948 on the Importation, Storage,
       and Use in Trade of Poisons	       4
Great Britain
     The Agriculture (Poisonous Substances) Regulations 1966, No.
       1063	       5
     The Agriculture (Poisonous Substances) Regulations 1967, No.
       1860	       5
     The Agriculture (Poisonous Substances)  (Amendment) Regulations
       1969, No. 843	       5
     Consumer Protection Act, 1961, 9  10 Eliz. 2, c. 40	       5
     Consumer Protection Act, 1971, c. 15 	       6
     Farm and Garden Chemicals Regulations, 1971, No. 729 	       6
Italy
     Laws and Regulations on Phytopharmaceuticals 	       6
Japan
     Agricultural Chemicals  (Pesticides) Control Law   	       7
Netherlands
     Law of Jul 12, 1962 (Stb. 288) on Pesticides	       7
Sweden
     Control of Pesticides in Sweden  	       7

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                             PESTICIDES

United States
     Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act of 1972, 7
       U.S.C. 136-1364   	      8
West Germany
     Ordinance on the Testing and Licensing of Plant Protection
       Products of Mar 4, 1969	      8

                              RADIATION

United States                                                              9
     Atomic Energy Act of 1954 as Amended, 2013(d), 2021, 2051,
       2073(b),  (e), 2092, 2093, 2099, 2111, 2112, 2132, 2133,
       2134, 2139, 2153, 2201, 2210  	

                            SOLID  WASTE

Sweden
     See WATER  (Sweden)  -- Control No. 00466   	      9
United States
     Solid Waste Disposal Act, 42 U.S.C. 3251,et seq   	      9

                                  WATER

Belgium
     Sea-Water Pollution Through Hydrocarbons  	     10
Canada
     Canada Shipping Act, Can. Stat. c.  27, Part XX (1970-72) -
       Maritime  Pollution Cliams Fund Regulations  	     10
France
     Memorandum  of Dec 23, 1970, on  the  Prevention of  the Accidental
       Pollution of French Coasts by Hydrocarbons  	     10
Great Britain
     The Deposit of Poisonous Waste  Act, 1972, c.  21	     11
     The Deposit of Poisonous Waste  (Notification  of Removal of
       Deposit)  Regulations, 1972  	     11
     The Oil in  Navigable Waters (Convention Countries)  (Saudi
       Arabia) Order, 1972	     11
     The Water Act, 1945, 89 Geo. 6, c. 42	     12
Italy
     Water Pollution and the Penal Code	     12
Japan
     Water Pollution Control Law No. 138 of Dec 25, 1970, as
       Amended by Law No. 84, Jun 22, 1972	     13
Netherlands
     Law on Pollution of the Sea by  Oil  of Jul 9,  1958 (Stb. 344),
       as Amended	     13
New Zealand
     Reprinted Act  (with Amendments  Incorporated):  Soil Conserva-
       tion and  Rivers Control Act	     13
                                     11

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                                   WATER

' Norway
      International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of
        the Sea by Oil, with Annexes and Resolutions, May 12, 1954,
        London	     14
 Sweden
      Environmental Protection Act [and] Marine Dumping Prohibition
        Act with Commentaries	     14
 United States
      Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899, 33 U.S.C. 403, 407, 411  ....     15
 USSR
      Basic Principles of Water Legislation of the USSR and the
        Union Republics	     15
 West Germany
      Jun 25, 1965 Law (GVB1. S.  93)  to Implement the Law on
        Detergents used in Washing and Cleaning Agents 	     16

                                 GENERAL

 Italy
      Legal Systems for Environment Protection:  Japan, Sweden, the
        United States  	     16
                                       111

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                                 AIR

Spain        Article/Source Title:  Economia industrial,           Control
               No. 107 (Industrial management).  Ministry of       No. 00620
               Industry, ed.
             Date/Plaee of Publication:  Nov 1972, Madrid
             Pages:  1-125          Language:  Spanish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This issue, published by the Secretariat of-General Technology
of the Ministry of Industry, is devoted to atmospheric pollution.  It con-
tains an editorial, legal texts, and signed articles of a technical, legal,
industrial, and general nature.  Among the presentations are:  an address
by the Minister of Industry to the Spanish parliament, the text of the Law
for the Protection of Ambient Air, ambient air and comparative law, air pol-
lution caused by automotive vehicles, influence of pollutants on national
cultural treasures, industrial pollution and its effects on vegetation,
systems for preventing radioactive pollution of the atmosphere, new tech-
niques for the purification of ambient air; new dangers from the ambient
environment, the recommendations for national action voiced at the U.N.
Conference on the Human Environment, and a summary of legislation to curb
air pollution enacted in various countries.

Sweden       Article/Source Title:  "Burning of Fossil Oil for     Control
               Heating Purposes."  Statens Naturvardsverk, 1969.   No. 00524
               Goran Person, Bengt Westergard, and Ulf Hogstrom.
             Hate/Place of Publication:  1969, Solna
             Pages:  1-32           Language:  Swedish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The Swedish National Environment Protection Board (Statens
Naturvardsverk) expresses strong preference for central heating plants in
built-up areas as the most effective means of controlling pollution though
slightly more expensive than individual heating units.  When central heat-
ing plants are not feasible, the Board recommends using cleaner heating
methods such as gas and electricity, which though initially more expensive
than oil, cost less in the long run due to reduced damage from sulphur
dioxide corrosion.
             Report includes text of city health ordinances for Stockholm
and Goteborg which set maximum sulphur content in heating oils at one per-
cent.

Sweden       Article/Source Title:  "Statutory Regulation of       Control
               March 24, 1972 on Reduction of Sulphur Content      No. 00526
               in Fuel Oil."  Svensk forfattningssamling
               1972:  70.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Stockholm
             Pages:                 Language:  Swedish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The regulation of 1972 amends the 1968 statute, reducing maxi-
mum sulphur content in fuel oils to one percent for metropolitan areas of
Stockholm, Goteborg, Maimo and other cities.

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                                 AIR

Sweden       Article/Source Title:   "Statutory Regulation of       Control
               Nov  20,  1968 on Reduction of Sulphur Content in     No. 00525
               Fuel Oil."  Sveriges  Rikes  Lag.  C. G.
               Hellquist,  comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Stockholm
             Page:  B-1286          Language:  Swedish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The  1968 regulation established maximum sulphur content in heat-
ing oils at  2.5 percent.   It  also  allows state administration to establish
more stringent standards in high pollution areas  and to allow use of lower
grade fuel when emissions  are treated by effective equipment.

Sweden       Article/Source Title:   "Traffic Code of Sep 28,       Control
               1951, as Amended."  Sveriges Rikes Lag.  C. G.      No. 00525
               Hellquist,  comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Stockholm
             Pages:  B-676-681; 1-4  Language:  Swedish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             Authority  to  control  emissions and noise from private automo-
biles is derived  from the  Traffic  Code of  Sep 28, 1951, which grants broad
power to control  motor  vehicles.   A  regulation issued on May 5, 1960, pro-
vides that all motor vehicles must have an exhaust pipe and muffler, that
gasoline powered  vehicles  must have  closed crankcase ventilation and a de-
vice to reduce exhaust  emissions,  and that diesel powered vehicles must have
an effective device to  prevent escape of opaque gases  (Part II, section 3.j
of the amended 1951 code).  A recent regulation of Dec 1, 1972, on "Reduc-
tion of Gases from Automobiles"  (Svensk forfattningssamling 1972:596) defines
in detail the authority to regulate  pollution from automobiles  (a summary in
English appears in  the  International Digest of Health "Legislation, v. 23,
1972, pages  342-343, Geneva).

Sweden       See  WATER  (Sweden)  Control No. 00466

United       Article/Source Title:   "The Clean Air Act, 42         Control
States         U.S.C. 1857-1857e."  Current Laws, Statutes and     No. 00477
               Executive Orders, v.  1.  U.S. Environmental
               Protection  Agency,  comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Jan 1972, Wash., D.C.
             Pages:  1-42            Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	
             Cited sections are designed to protect and enhance air resources
to promote the health, welfare and productive capacity of the population; to
initiate and accelerate a national RD program for the prevention and control
of air pollution; to provide technical and financial assistance to State and
local governments; and to encourage regional programs.  The sections cover;
cooperative actions; research and training activities; grants for planning
and control programs; interstate air quality agencies and control regions;
air quality criteria and control techniques; ambient air quality standards

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                                 AIR

United States (Control No. 00477) continued:

and their promulgation; state implementation of national primary and secondary
ambient air quality standards; standards of performance by new stationary
sources; national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants; Federal
enforcement procedures; recording, inspections, monitoring and entry; abate-
ment of air pollution; standards to attain a higher level of air quality; and
the Air Quality Advisory Board and advisory committees.

                               NOISE

Sweden       See WATER (Sweden)  Control No. 00466

United       Article/Source Title:  "Noise Control Act of 1972,    Control
States         42 U.S.C.  4901 et seq."  Public Law 92-575, 92d     No.  00467
               Congress,  H.R. 11021.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Oct 27, 1972, Wash., D.C.
             Pages:  1-17           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act seeks to abate noise emission by establishing a means
for effective coordination of Federal research and activities, by authorizing
the establishment of Federal noise emission standards for products distributed
in commerce and by providing information to the public on noise-emission and
noise-reduction characteristics of such products.  The law requires standards
to be set for products in the nature of construction and transportation equip-
ment (except aircraft), motors and engines, and electrical and electronic
equppment.  It gives EPA the authority to require the labeling of consumer
products as to their noise-generation and abatement features.  The law di-
rects all Federal agencies to insure that their purchasing and operating
procedures conform to the act's provisions.

                          PESTICIDES

Belgium      Article/Source Title:  "Belgium:  Pesticide Resi-     Control
               dues in Foodstuffs of Plant Origin."  Inter-        No.  00657
               national Digest of Health Legislation, v. 21,
               No. 1.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1970, Geneva, Switzerland
             Pages:  53-58          Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This article reprints from the Feb 15, 1969. edition of Moniteur
Beige the Ministerial Order of Dec 6, 1968, which extends the provisions of
the June 20, 1964 law regulating foodstuffs to include pesticide residues in
foodstuffs.  The order lists the tolerable levels of residues of active
pesticide substances allowable in foodstuffs of plant origin.

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                          PESTICIDES

Belgium      Article/Source Title:  "June 20, 1964 Law Regulat-    Control
               ing Foodstuffs, Food Substances, and Other          No. 00656
               Products."  Les codes et les lois speciales les
               plus usuelles en vigueur en Belgique, 32d ed.,
               v. 2.  Jean Servais and E. Mechelynck, comps.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1969, Brussels
             Pages:  536-539        Language:  French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law, serving as the basis for subsequent legislation to
regulate substances used in food products, authorizes the Government to
establish and maintain a list of additives authorized for introduction into
foodstuffs and to set the allowable quantities.

Canada       Article/'Source Title:  "Pesticide Residue Compen-     Control
               sation Act, 1968-69, c. 34, s.l."  Revised          No. 00592
               Statutes of Canada, 1970, v. 6.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1970, Ottawa
             Pages:  5846-5849      Languages:  English/French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act provides for compensation to be paid to a farmer when
a pesticide  listed in the Pest Control Act and ascertained to have been used
properly has caused agricultural produce to be unfit for sale under the Food
and Drug Act.  The farmer must use every means deemed necessary by the
Minister of Agriculture to reduce the loss and must pursue every action in
law against the manufacturer of the pesticide or any other person who may be
liable before he can claim compensation.  The Minister may bring the action
for the farmer if he deems it necessary and has obtained the farmer's con-
sent.  The Governor in Council may make regulations concerning the procedures
to be followed for obtaining compensation, prescribing the amounts to be
paid.  Violation of any provision of this act constitutes an offense either
indictable and liable to two years imprisonment or punishable on summary
conviction.

France       Article/Source Title:  "Decree No. 48-1905 of         Control
               Nov 19, 1948 on the Importation, Storage, and       No. 00659
               Use in Trade of Poisons."  Journal officiel de
               la Republique francaise.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Nov 28, 1948, Paris
             Pages:  11593-11600    Language:  French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This decree prohibits the use of arsenic compounds for the
destruction of flies and agricultural pests, except when these compounds are
used for winter spraying.  It further bans the supply or use of products
containing arsenic, lead, or mercury for the disinfection of harvested prod-
ucts intended for human or animal consumption, and for the eradication of
weeds in gardens, alleys, courtyards, and sports grounds.  Dangerous sub-
stances, when intended for the destruction of agricultural parasites or pests
by means of spraying, painting, fumigation, or dusting or as bait, must be
mixed with other substances according to formulas established by the Minister
of Agriculture.
                                    4

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                          PESTICIDES

Great        Article/Source Title:  "The Agriculture (Poisonous    Control
Britain        Substances) Regulations 1966, No. 1063."            No. 00652
               Statutory Instruments 1966, Part II, Sec 2.
             Date/Place of Publication:1966, London
             Pages:  2600-2613      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             These regulations specify in detail the type of protective
clothing that workers must wear when engaged in greenhouse operations where
specified substances have been used in other than capsule form.  The regula-
tions also explain the associated obligations of employers of greenhouse
personnel, such as providing wholesome drinking water, suitable washing fa-
cilities, means of washing the protective clothing, and securing the open-
ings of containers holding the specified substances.  Schedule 1 lists the
items of protective clothing to be worn during various greenhouse operations.
Schedule 2 lists the specified substances, also by common name and classi-
fication.

Great        Article/Source Title:  "The Agriculture (Poisonous    Control
Britain        Substances) Regulations 1967, No. 1860."            No. 00654
               Statutory Instruments 1967, Part III, Sec 2.
             Date/Place of Publication:1968, London
             Pages:  4998-4999      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             These regulations add bulb dipping in thionazin to operations
requiring the wearing of protective gloves, boots, and aprons, pursuant to
the Agriculture Acts.  Medinoterb and its salts are added to the list of
poisonous substances.

Great        Article/Source Title:  "The Agriculture (Poisonous    Control
Britain        Substances) (Amendment) Regulations 1969, No.       No. 00655
               845."  Statutory Instruments 1969, Part II,
               Sec 1.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1969, London
             Pages:  2575-2576      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             Workers using containers of smoke shreds holding not more than
40 percent nicotene must wear rubber gloves  (Schedule I, part I).  Demephion
and demeton-S-methyl sulphone are added to the list of poisons and poisonous
substances (Schedule I, part II).

Great        Article/Source Title:  "Consumer Protection Act,      Control
Britain        1961, 9  10 Eliz. 2, c. 40."  Halsbury's           No. 00655
               Statutes of England, 5rd ed., v. 50.
             Date/Place of Publication:1971, London
             Pages:  47-55          Language:  English
             Souroe Repository:  EPA	

             Section 1 of this act empowers the Secretary of State to make
regulations concerning the contents, labeling and packaging of any goods in

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                          PESTICIDES

Great Britain  (Control No. 00635) continued:

order to prevent risk of death or personal injury.  Section 2 prohibits the
sale of goods that do not comply with the regulations set forth by this act.
Section 3 provides for a fine up to 100 pounds for non-compliance.  The ap-
pended schedule specifies procedures for inspecting, testing and enforcement
by local authorities.

Great        Article/'Source Title:  "Consumer Protection Act,      Control
Britain        1971, c. 15."  Halsbury's Statutes of England,      No. 00636
               3rd ed., v. 41.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, London
             Pages:  1275-1276      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act makes it possible to bring an action under Section 3
of the 1961 Consumer Protection Act against any person guilty of not comply-
ing with the safety regulations governing the contents, construction and
packaging of dangerous products.  Prior to this act, only the retail seller
could be held  liable for non-compliance.  The 1971 act extends the liability
to the wholesaler and packer.

Great        Article/Source Title:  "Farm and Garden Chemicals     Control
Britain        Regulations, 1971, No. 729."  Statutory Instru-     No. 00637
               ments 1971, Part II, Sec 1.
             Date/Place of Publication:1971, London
             Pages:  2036-2044      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             These regulations, based on the Farm and Garden Chemicals Act
1967, require that all products that are sold as weed-killers, pesticides,
or growth controllers and that contain any of the substances listed in the
appended Schedule must be labeled.  The label must clearly indicate the name
of the substance or any alternative name by which it is known.  The regula-
tions take effect on May 1, 1973.

Italy        Article/Source Title:  "Laws and Regulations on       Control
               Phytopharmaceuticals."  Manuale di fitofarmacia     No. 00646
               e del fitofarmaci.  V. Sereni
             Date/Place of Publication:  1969, Bologna
             Pages:  47-50          Language:  Italian
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This chapter summarizes the various Italian regulations on the
agricultural use of phytopharmaceutical products to control vegetable and
animal parasites on plants cultivated as foodstuffs, including the proper
labeling of these products and their registry with the Ministry of Health.

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                           PESTICIDES

Japan        Article/Source Title:  "Agricultural Chemicals        Control
               (Pesticides) Control Law."  Law No. 82, July 1,     No. 00597
               1948, as Amended by Law No. 88, May 51, 1971.
             Date/Place of Publication:1971, Tokyo
             Pages:  309-325        Language:  Japanese
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law endeavors to improve the quality of agricultural chemi-
cals and to assure their safe use.  Within the context of this law, agri-
cultural chemicals include germicides, insecticides and rodent killers and
also those chemicals designed to accentuate ,or control the growth or germina-
tion of crops.  The manufacturer or importer of these chemicals must register
with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and submit an application,
along with a sample of the product, and state the product's constituents, the
method of use, and necessary precautions to be taken.  The Minister may re-
fuse registration or change or revoke a registration already granted when he
believes that the subject pesticide may cause pollution of crops, soil, or
water.  The Government may by Cabinet Order designate certain agricultural
chemicals as contributors to pollution and prescribe standards for their use.

Netherlands  Article/Source Title:  "Law of July 12, 1962 (Stb.    Control
               288) on Pesticides."  Bestrijdingsmiddelenwet       No. 00604
               1962 en Meststoffenwet 1947.  B. L. Hof, comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:T970, Zwolle
             Pages:  1-23           Language:  Dutch
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law prohibits the sale, holding or use of any unapproved
pesticide.  An approved pesticide is one that bears on the label of its
packaging the name of the approved product and the approval number.  The law
provides that no pesticide may be granted a clearance unless its constituents,
color and form meet Government guidelines and unless it is suited for its
intended use and, when used correctly, will not cause harmful side effects.
An approved pesticide may not be sold unless prescribed instructions for its
use accompany it.  The law further regulates storage and destruction pro-
cedures for empty containers and unused pesticides.  Authorized inspectors
are empowered to take samples of pesticides and send them for examination
to the Plant Protection Service or to the Food Inspection Service.

Sweden       Article/Source Title:  "Control of Pesticides in      Control
               Sweden."  Sveriges Rikes Lag.  C. G. Hellquist,     No. 00665
               comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Stockholm
             Pages:  B-1203-09      Language:  Swedish
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The Decree on Poisons of Dec 14, 1962 (Giftforordning), estab-
lishes control over poisons and dangerous substances, including manufacture
and import of pesticides, but not their use.  It was amended by Svensk
Forfattningssamling 1971:979.  The Decree on Pesticides of Dec 14, 1962
(Bekampningsmedelsforordning), requires licensing for manufacture, import,

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                          PESTICIDES

Sweden  (Control No. 00665) continued:

distribution and use of pesticides, banning products which are excessively
toxic,  ineffectual or deceptively  labeled.  It provides for general supervi-
sion, inspection and criminal  liability, and is amended by SFS 1971:61 and
SFS 1971:978.  The Poisons Board,  established on Dec 3, 1965  (SFS 1967:779),
was given authority to execute provisions of the above decrees.  It is re-
sponsible for determining safety of products and regulating their use.  A
new regulation  (SFS 1972:123)  prohibits spreading of pesticides from the air.

United       Article/Source Title:  "Federal Environmental         Control
States         Pesticide Control Act of 1972, 7 U.S.C. 136-        No. 00469
               1364."  Public  Law  95-516, 92d Congress, H.R.
               10729.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Oct 21, 1972, Wash., D.C.
             Pages:  1-27           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act extends  Federal  controls to the actual  application of
pesticides by the user by regulating both intrastate and interstate market-
ing of  pesticide products, thus completely revising the earlier Federal In-
secticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide  Act.  The major provisions of the new
act are to prohibit the use of any registered pesticide in a  manner incon-
sistent with labeling instructions, to classify pesticides for general or
restricted use, to require certification of pesticide applicators in the use
of restricted pesticides, to provide penalties for violation, to authorize
the EPA Administration to issue a  "stop sale, use, and removal" order in
event of apparent violation, to render Federal assistance to  the States to
enforce the law and develop an applicator certification program, and to
allow EPA to issue experimental use permits.

West         Article/Source Title:  "Ordinance on the Testing     Control
Germany       and Licensing of Plant  Protection Products of       No. 00588
               March 4, 1969." Bundesgesetzblatt, No. 19.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Mar 7, 1969, Bonn
             Pages:  183-184        Language:  German
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This ordinance, made  pursuant to the Plant Protection Law of
May 10, 1968, requires that applications for licenses for pesticides be made
on forms developed by the Federal  Biological Institute for Agriculture and
Forestry.  Necessary data are:  (1) experimental reports on the activity of
the product under use, (2) details of  its effect on human and animal health,
(3) details of its behavior on or  in plants or plant products, (4) details
of its  behavior in soil and water, (5) details of the analytical methods
used for the determination of  active ingredients in the product and for the
determination of residues of active ingredients, including their degradation
and reaction products.  The testing of samples extends to:  (1) the chemical
composition, (2) the activity  of the product, and (3) the aspects enumerated
in 2, 3, 4 above.

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                           RADIATION

United       Article/Source Title:  "Atomic Energy Act of 1954     Control
States         as Amended, 2013(d), 2021, 2051, 2073(b), (e),      Wo. 00475
               2092, 2093, 2099,  2111, 2112, 2132, 2133, 2134,
               2139, 2153, 2201,  2210."  Current Laws, Statutes
               and Executive Orders, v. 2.  U.S. Environmental
               Protection Agency, comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Jan 1972, Wash., B.C.
             Pages:  1-35           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	
             Cited sections of this act provide for a program to encourage
widespread participation in the development and utilization of atomic energy
for peaceful purposes to the maximum extent consistent with the common de-
fense and security and with the health and safety of the public.  The cited
provisions deal with cooperation with the States; research assistance in
specified fields; criteria and conditions for obtaining licenses to transport
and acquire nuclear materials; foreign distribution of byproducts and coopera-
tion with other nations; utilization and production facilities for industrial
and commercial purposes; commercial, medical and RD licensing; export
licenses and prerequisites for cooperation with other nations; the general
duties of the Commission; and with indeminification and the limitation of
liability.

                         SOLID  WASTE

Sweden       See WATER (Sweden)  Control No. 00466

United       Article/Source Title:  "Solid Waste Disposal Act,     Control
States         42 U.S.C. 3251 et seq."  Current Laws, Statutes     No. 00472
               and Executive Orders, v. 2.  U.S. Environmental
               Protection Agency, comp.
             Date/P'iace of Publication:  Jan 1972, Wash., D.C.
             Pages:  1-16           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The provisions of this act are designed to promote the demon-
stration, construction, and application of solid waste management and re-
source recovery systems; to provide technical and financial assistance to
States and local governments and to interstate agencies in the planning and
development of resource recovery and solid waste disposal programs; to
promote a national R&D program for improved management techniques and better
methods of collection, separation, recovery, and recycling of solid waste
and the environmentally safe disposal of nonrecoverable residues; to provide
for the promulgation of guidelines for solid waste collection, transporta-
tion, separation, recovery and disposal systems; and to provide for training
grants in occupations involving the design, operation, and manufacture and
maintenance of solid waste disposal systems.

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                               WATER

Belgium      Article/Source Title:  "Sea-Water Pollution           Control
               Through Hydrocarbons."  Les codes et les lois       No. 00451
               speciales les plus usuelles en vigueur en
               Belgique, 3d ed., v. 2.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1969, Brussels
             Pages:  868-869        Language:  French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law of July 4, 1962, deals with the requirement for the
protection of sea waters from pollution caused by the discharges of navigat-
ing vessels, namely, to prevent by means of special equipment the discharge
from such vessels of any previously untreated hydrocarbons.  The law further
requires that ships maintain a registry of hydrocarbons kept on board.  It
also lists special procedures for supervising the implementation of the law's
provisions and sets penalties for violation.

Canada       Article/Source Title:  "Canada Shipping Act,          Control
               Can. Stat. c. 27, Part XX  (1970-72) - Maritime      No. 00510
               Pollution Claims Fund Regulations."  SOR/72-55,
               106 Can. Gaz. Part II, 226  (Feb 7, 1972).
             Date/Place of Publication:Feb 23, 1972, Ottawa
             Pages:  226-229        Languages:  English/French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             These regulations set the amount, payable into the Maritime
Pollution Claims Fund, to be levied on each ton of oil imported into Canada
in bulk or on each ton of oil shipped from any place in Canada in bulk as a
cargo of a ship when the security for the payment has conformed in amount and
form acceptable to the Minister.  The regulations also contain declaration
forms that each importer or exporter of record must file with the Collector
of Customs and Excise.  Further, the regulations set the Fund's interest rate.

France       Article/Source Title:  "Memorandum of Dec 23,         Control
               1970, on the Prevention of the Accidental Pol-      No. 00457
               lution of French Coasts by Hydrocarbons."
               Journal officiel de la Republique francaise.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Jan 12, 1971, Paris
             Pages:  414-415        Language:  French
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This memorandum defines the responsibilities of the various
ministerial departments involved in anti-pollution activities relating to
the accidental spillage of hydrocarbons along the French coast and enumerates
the measures to be taken by these departments, on land and at sea, in the
event of such accidental pollution.
                                    10

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                               WATER

Great        Article/Source Title:  The Deposit of Poisonous       Control
Britain        Waste Act, 1972, c. 21.                             No.  00551
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, London
             Pages:  1-7            Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act prohibits the deposit of any "poisonous, noxious or
polluting" waste on land where it will present an environmental hazard and
threaten to pollute or contaminate any water supply.   Those convicted of
offenses under this act may be fined up to 400 pounds or be imprisoned for
up to five years, or both.  The act states that no person shall remove any
poisonous waste from one place to deposit elsewhere without the approval of
the local authority and the river or river purification board of the area
in which the waste is located.  The operator of a commercial dump is excluded
from the requirements of deposit and removal notification unless he has been
told of the contents of the deposit at least three days before it is made.
If he does receive proper notification, he must send a form to the authori-
ties specifying the location, composition and depositor of the waste material,
This act applies to land covered by water and land below the high water mark
on the seashore.

Great        Article/Source Title:  "The Deposit of Poisonous      Control
Britain        Waste (Notification of Removal of Deposit)          No.  00550
               Regulations, 1972."  Statutory Instruments 1972,
               No. 1017.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, London
             Pages:  3097-3101      Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	
             These regulations specify wastes to which Section 3 of the
Deposit of Poisonous Waste Act 1972, requiring notification of responsible
authorities before removing or depositing wastes, do not apply.  Wastes which
are unqualifiedly exempted, by virtue of not containing any hazardous quan-
tity or concentration of any poisonous, noxious or polluting substance, in-
clude:  house and trade refuse, building waste, mining waste, and waste con-
sisting of paper, plastics, and various metals.  Wastes which are exempt,
subject to certain qualifications, are:  farm chemicals, radioactive wastes,
wastes deposited in circumstances of emergency, and waste deposited pursuant
to certain types of statutory authority.

Great        Article/Source Title:  "The Oil in Navigable          Control
Britain        Waters (Convention Countries) (Saudi Arabia)        No. 00552
               Order, 1972."  Statutory Instruments 1972, No.
               675.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, London
             Page:  2199            Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             By an order in Council, Great Britain recognizes Saudi Arabia's
acceptance of provisions of the International Convention for the Prevention
of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954.  Others so recognized, by name,

                                    11

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                                WATER

      Britain  (Control  No.  00552)  continued:

 statutory instrument  number,  and date are:   United Kingdom, Mexico, Sweden,
 West  Germany,  Denmark,  Canada,  Norway,  Ireland,  Belgium,  France, the
 Netherlands:   1527, 1958;  Finland:   869, 1959;  Poland:   1008,  1961; U.S.A.:
 2277, 1961;  Kuwait:   174,  1962; Liberia:  1345,  1962, Ghana:   1657, 1862;
 Netherlands  Antilles:   2189,  1962;  Jordan:   1149,  1963;  United Arab Republic:
 1150, 1963;  Dominican Republic:  1317,  1963;  Panama:  1931, 1963; Philippines:
 60, 1964;  Venezuela:  61,  1964; Algeria:  280,  1964;  Spain:  281, 1964;
 Italy:   931, 1964; Malagasy:   976,  1956; Israel:   189, 1966; Switzerland:
 392,  1966; Greece, Ivory Coast:  814, 1967;  Lebanon:  1153, 1967; Japan,
 Portugal:  1680,  1967;  Nigeria:  468, 1968;  Morocco:  730, 1968; Syria:  387,
 1969; Southern Yemen:   1085,  1969;  USSR:  638,  1970;  New Zealand:  1735, 1971.

 Great       Article/Source Title:   "The Water  Act,  1945, 89      Control
 Britain         Geo. 6,  c.  42."  Halsbury's  Statutes  of England,    No. 00554
                3rd ed., v.  39.
             Date/Place of Publication:   1972,  London
             Pages:   69-185         Language:   English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This act sets  up the administrative organization  to "promote
 the conservation  and  proper use of water resources and to formulate a
 national policy relating to water."  It  provides for  the  appointment not only
 of a  Central Advisory Water Committee to advise on matters concerning the
 conservation and  use  of water resources  but  also,  where  necessary, of Joint
 Advisory Water Committees  to  perform these  functions  locally.  Sections deal-
 ing with local organization of water supplies also provide for the duties
 and powers of  local authorities regarding investigations  of and agreements
 with  locally authorized water suppliers.  Suppliers  are  empowered to make
 bylaws to  prevent contamination of the water they  supply.  Sections on the
 conservation and  protection of water resources  provide for fines for pollut-
 ing water  for  human consumption and also authorize suppliers to acquire land
 and construct  and maintain  drains,  sewers,  etc., necessary to  dispose of
 foul  water and prevent  pollution of the  water supply.

 Italy        Article/Source Title:   Inquinamento di Acque e        Control
                Codice Penale  (Water Pollution and  the Penal        No. 00527
                Code).  G. Veronesi,  comp.
             Date/Place of  Publication:   1971, Milan
             Pages:   57-97           Language:   Italian
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The  cited  pages  of this work reproduce the text of those
 Italian  laws that concern,  in whole or in part, water pollution and its
 prevention.  The  legislation  covered includes pertinent sections of the
 Penal and Civil Codes;  regulations  for the implementation of the law for the
 protection of  hygiene and public health; law requiring the approval of
 certain  construction projects;  fishing regulations; directives on the de-
rivation and utilization of public  waters; ordinance for the protection of
the population  against  the  dangers  of radiation from nuclear-energy

                                     12

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                               WATER

Italy (Control No. 00527) continued:

facilities; and the law implementing the Convention for the Protection of
Pollution of the Sea by Oil.  Included also are a classification of the chief
local and provincial laws relating to water pollution and a chronological
listing of laws that are applicable to water pollution.

Japan        Article/Source Title:  Water Pollution Control        Control
               Law No. 138 of Dec 25, 1970, as Amended by          No. 00553
               Law No. 84, Jun 22, 1972.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Tokyo
             Pages:  131-139        Language:  Japanese
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law is designed to prevent water pollution in public waters
by controlling the discharge of effluents from industrial installations and
to provide indeminification for those whose health has been impared by such
harmful effluents.  Public waters are defined.  The law defines pollutant-
producing facilities as those discharging waste liquids containing cadmium
and other substances injurious to human health and those containing hydrogen
ion concentrations injurious to the life environment.  Although national
standards are to be applied uniformly; the prefectures may set more rigid
standards in heavily contaminated areas.  Pollutant-producing facilities re-
quire authorization to operate.  The law also establishes local Water
Quality Councils.

Netherlands  Article/Source Title:  "Law on Pollution of the       Control
               Sea by Oil of Jul 9, 1958 (Stb. 344), as            No. 00528
               Amended."  Milieuwetgeving I.  R.G.H. Cassuto,
               comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1971, Zwolle
             Pages:  89-97          Language:  Dutch
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law, implementing the international agreement of May 12,
1954 and applying with some exceptions only to ships under the Dutch flag,
prohibits those ships from discharging oil or oily mixtures into the sea.
If the discharge of oil is necessary for the safety of the ship and the
personnel and cargo aboard, then such discharges are permissible.  The law
also requires that every ship transporting or using oil maintain an oil
journal as an appendix to the ship's log.

New          Article/Source Title:  Reprinted Act  (with Amend-     Control
Zealand        ments Incorporated):  Soil Conservation and         No. 00615
               Rivers Control Act.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1970, Wellington
             Pages:  1-172          Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This Government reprint of the Soil Conservation and Rivers
Control Act, 1941, and its amendments, covers the  composition and functions
of the Control Council, the designation of catchment districts, the rating

                                    13

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                               WATER

New Zealand  (Control No. 00615) continued:

and classification of lands, the various regulating boards and their duties,
and the procedures for the administration of the act.  Among its provisions,
the act authorizes regulations for the protection of water courses and de-
fenses against water, including the enactment of laws to require the owners
or occupiers of land through which water courses flow to undertake the
"cleansing, maintenance, and repair" of those water courses and to prevent
"trespasses, nuisances, obstructions, and damage" to water courses.

Norway       Article/'Source Title:  "International Convention      Control
               for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by       No. 00546
               Oil, with Annexes and Resolutions, May 12, 1954,
               London.''  The Treaties of Norway 1661-1966,
               No. 2.  Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign
               Affaires.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1968, Oslo
             Pages:  1579-93        Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             The International Convention prohibits discharging of oil in
certain zones, defined in Annex A, and restricts such discharges elsewhere.
Signatory nations are required to impose effective penalties on ships
registered by them which violate the Convention.  Ships under the jurisdic-
tion of participating nations must be equipped with devices to separate and
store oily waste from bilge and ballast water dumped at sea.  Signatories
must provide port facilities for collecting oily waste.  Ships must record
time, location and estimated amount of any discharge or accidental loss of
oil at sea and make these records available to appropriate commission estab-
lished by the Convention.  Resolutions encourage participating governments
to cooperate in research and education on measures to eliminate discharge of
persistent oils at sea.

Sweden       Article/Source Title:  Environmental Protection       Control
               Act  [and] Marine Dumping Prohibition Act with       No. 00466
               Commentaries.  Lennart Persson, ed.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Stockholm
             Pages:  1-85           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             Section I of this publication discusses the Environmental Pro-
tection Act  (1969, Code 387), main features and scope of legislation, per-
missible polluting activities, supervision of the act, policies and executory
assistance, penalties, construction in water, existing establishments and
government grants.  Additionally, it provides an official English translation
of the act itself and of the Environmental Protection Ordinance (1969, Code
388).  The legislation covers water, air, noise and other pollutions, in-
cluding the discharge of waste water through mains and the transport and
discharge of sewage, waste and other solid substances into water bodies,
dispersion of pesticides; all forms of air pollution arising from the use of
                                    14

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                                 WATER

Sweden (Control No. 00466) continued:

land, buildings, and installations; noise; and nuisances such as vibrations,
light interference, and landscape defacement.  Section II provides an offi-
cial English translation of the Marine Dumping Prohibition Act (1971, Code
1154) and a commentary.  It applies to Swedish and international waters, and
to Swedish ships in latter case.

United       Article/Source Title:  "Rivers and Harbors Act of     Control
States         1899, 33 U.S.C. 403, 407, 411.  Current Laws,       No. 00473
               Statutes and Executive Orders, v. 2.  U.S.
               Environmental Protection Agency, comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  Jan 1972, Wash., D.C.
             Pages:  1-2            Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	
             This act bans the obstruction of U.S.  navigable waters by con-
struction, excavation, or filling activities unless the activity has been
recommended by the Chief of Engineers and authorized by the Secretary of the
Army.  It further bans the deposit of refuse in these waters, or on their
banks or on those of their tributaries should the refuse be likely to be
washed into the navigable waters, unless authorized by the Secretary of the
Army.  Penalties are provided for the wrongful deposit of refuse, abuse of
or damage to harbor improvements, and for the obstruction of navigable waters
generally.

USSR         Article/Source Title:  Basic Principles of Water      Control
               Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics.    No. 00548
             Date/Place of Publication:  Dec 10, 1972
             Pages:  1-34           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             Basic principles of Soviet Water Legislation are described with-
out reference to details.  The general purpose of the legislation is to en-
sure efficient, scientifically valid use of water resources so as to prevent
depletion and to improve overall quality.  The USSR is responsible for formu-
lation of guiding principles of water legislation and the Union Republics are
responsible for implementation.  Priority is generally given to potable and
domestic water requirements before new demands on water resources are ap-
proved.  New projects must have pollution control facilities and cannot over-
tax water resources.  Constructions in water areas affecting water quality
must be approved by water control authorities.  Use of sanitary ground water
is generally restricted to drinking and domestic needs.  Agricultural use of
water is regulated by agricultural authorities under the guidance of water
control authorities.
                                    15

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                               WATER

West         Article/Source Title:   "June  25,  1965  Law  (GVB1.       Control
Germany        S. 93) to  Implement  the  Law on  Detergents  used       No.  00487
               in Washing and  Cleaning  Agents."   Umweltrecht:
               Raum und Natur, v. 1.  W. Burhenne,  comp.
             Date/Place of Publication:  1972, Berlin
             Pages:  51              Language:  German
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             This law designates the Bavarian  Government  agencies  authorized
to monitor the use of detergents in washing and  cleaning  agents  within  the
provisions of the Federal law.

                             GENERAL

Italy        Article/Source Title:   "Legal Systems  for  Environ-     Control
               ment Protection:  Japan, Sweden,  the United         No.  00619
               States."   Food  and Agricultural Organization,
               Legislative Studies, No. 4.  Peter H.  Sand.
             Date/Place of Publication:1972, Rome
             Pages:  1-60           Language:  English
             Source Repository:  EPA	

             In  view of the mounting importance  of  environmental problems as
they pertain to  the modern law of food, agriculture,  forestry  and  fisheries,
this pilot study describes the national legal  systems for environment pro-
tection  in Sweden, Japan, and  the United States.  Each  system  is presented
under three headings:  basic laws and institutions  (including  central-
regional or federal-state structure, and forms of government-industry co-
operation), sectoral regulations, and legal methods of  implementation.   The
conclusions assess and compare the  experience  of the three legal systems,
with particular  stress on its  relevance to developing countries.  This  U.N.
publication contains detailed  source references,  bibliographical annotations,
and complete English translations of the basic legal instruments.
                                     16               -tr US. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1973- 758-487/10Z7

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