United States
           Environmental Protection
           Agency
Solid Waste and
Emergency Response
(OS-301)
EPA 530-B-92-002a
Winter/Spring 1992
&EPA   Grant and Contract
           Output Directory

                                             Printed on Recycled Paper

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                                   MSW
                      REGIONAL AND HEADQUARTERS
                   GRANT/CONTRACT OUTPUT DIRECTORY
PURPOSE

      This Directory consists of an annotated bibliography of Regional and
Headquarters grant/contract outputs. The Directory is intended as a reference
document.  We can use the directory to decrease duplication of effort by utilizing
existing documents to the fullest extent possible.
SUBMISSIONS

      Each Region and Headquarter Office should send three copies of all
grant/contract outputs to Yvonne Jackson, Office of Solid Waste (OS-301), US
EPA, 401 M St., SW, Washington, D.C. 20460.1  One copy will be sent to our
Solid Waste Information Clearinghouse and one to Ellen Pratt of the Municipal and
Industrial Solid Waste Division HQ staff for our MISWD library.  The third copy will
be kept in the Implementation Section reference file and will be publicized at our
integrated management workshops, the U.S. conferences, RIT meetings, etc. All
outputs should be submitted with a  brief summary of the output describing its
purpose, content/subject and audience.

      The next issue of the Directory will be ready for distribution this spring. If
you would like your outputs published in the next issue, please submit them  no
later than the second week of April.  If you have any corrections or updates, they
must be submitted by the second week of April also.

      If you have any questions or comments please call Yvonne Jackson on FTS-
260-6261.
NEW ENTRIES *

      All entries appearing for the first time are preceded by an asterisk.
   1Four copies of video tapes should be submitted so that a copy can be provided
to the EPA's Office of Communications and Public Affairs.

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                          TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                 MSW
                     REGIONAL AND HEADQUARTERS
                  GRANT/CONTRACT OUTPUT DIRECTORY
Section                                                 Page Number

I.    Composting                                             3


II.    Educational Programs/Curricula                            5


III.   Integrated Waste Management Implementation

     A.    General                                           7

     B.    Waste Stream Analysis                             10

     C.    Alternative Financing Mechanisms                   10

     D.    Regionalization                                    11

     E.    Siting                                            13


IV.   Land Disposal                                          13


V.    Recycling

     A.    General                                          15

     B.    Market Development/Procurement                   22


VI.   Source Reduction                                       26

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                                   MSW
                      REGIONAL AND HEADQUARTERS
                   GRANT/CONTRACT OUTPUT DIRECTORY2
 I.    COMPOSTING
'Cedar Grove Compost: User's Guide For Landscape Professionals.  Seattle, WA:
 Seattle Solid Waste Utility, 1991.

      This 18 page booklet describes yardwaste composting processes at the
 Cedar Grove Composting Facility in Maple Valley, Washington. Yardwaste is
 recycled into valuable compost products. It presents guidelines for amending
 topsoil, mulching, and nursery stock growing with Cedar Grove Compost.

 Region:  X
 Contact:  Lauris Davies
 Phone:  399-6522
 Document #:  MSW-R10-91-C

 Compost Testing and Analysis: Final Report.  Seattle, WA: Seattle Solid Waste
 Utility, February 1991.

      In 1989 the City of Seattle started its yardwaste curbside and transfer
 station programs.  In 1990 the  City programs collected nearly 50,000 tons of
 yardwaste which was composted at the Cedar Grove Composting Facility in  Maple
 Valley, Washington.  This document presents information to the City of Seattle and
 the public on the quality of the  compost produced at the Cedar Grove Composting
 Facility.  The data should also aid in developing criteria and standards for use by
 various City departments in establishing specifications for suppliers of topsoil
 and/or soil amendments.

 Region:  X
 Contact:  Lauris Davies
 Phone:  399-6522
 Document #:  MSW-R10-91-C
      * Denotes new entry.

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E.A.S.Y, (Environmental Action Starts in vour Yard) Lawn Mowing. Koski. Tony;
Wilson, Carl.  Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University Cooperative Extension,
March 1990.  Denver, CO: Colorado State Cooperative Extension, March 1990.

      Grass clippings from the lawns of the Denver area are estimated to
contribute about 25% of the solid waste stream during the grass growing season.
To significantly reduce the amount of grass clippings going to landfills, the Lawn
Mowing brochure was written to educate the public about alternatives to bagging
their grass clippings.

Region: VIII
Contact:  George Donnelly
Phone: FTS 330-1818
Document #:  MSW-R8-90-C

Environmental Fact Sheet:  Yard Waste Composting.  Washington, D.C.: US EPA
HQ Office of  Solid Waste,  January 1991.

       Explains what yard wastes are, why they are being banned from some
landfills, and  why leaf burning is not considered a suitable management practice.
The fact sheet also defines composting, explains the composting process, and
describes how compost can be used.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact:  Hope Pillsbury
Phone: FTS 260-2797
Document #:  EPA/530-SW-91-009

Mulching and Backyard Composting Guidebook. Lansing, Ml: Michigan Department
of Natural Resources. February, 1991.

       The guide introduces the principles of  organic material resource recovery for
residential use. Homeowners are encouraged to mulch or compost their yard
waste instead of bagging the material for disposal in landfills or incinerators.
Construction  of a compost pile, maintenance of the pile, and end uses of compost
and much are discussed.  The guide also offers a list of compost bin manufacturers
and sources of additional information.

Region: V
Contact:  Jennifer Manville
Phone: FTS  886-7599
Document #:  MSW-R5-91-C

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Recycle Boulder: Leaf Composting.  Boulder, CO: US EPA Region VIII and the City
of Boulder, CO, 1989.

      This final report of the pilot yard waste composting project conducted by the
City of Boulder describes the successes and limitations of composting under the
extreme weather conditions common in the Rocky Mountains and makes
recommendations for improved operations under other programs in this area.

Region: VIII
Contact: Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document #: MSW-R8-90-C
II.    EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS/CURRICULA
Municipal Solid Waste Management - A Teacher's Guide.  Denver, CO: US EPA
Region VIII, December 1990.

      This guide provides teachers with sample lessons K through 12. The
lessons are designed to help students gain knowledge and make decisions
regarding waste reduction, recycling composting, sanitary landfill design and safe
incineration.  The guide is printed on recycled paper.

Region: VIII
Contact:  George Donnelly
Phone: FTS  293-1818
Document #: MSW-R8(1)-90-E

*  Solid Waste Reduction Education Program / Evaluation Report No. 1 and No. 2.
Greensboro,  NC: US  EPA, Region IV, September 1991.

      The main purpose of Report No. 1 is to present the analysis of the  first
household survey data.  The main purpose of Report  No. 2 is to present the
analysis of the first businesses survey data. Whereas, the purpose of this study is
to evaluate the effectiveness, including cost-effectiveness analysis, of the Solid
Waste Reduction Education Program. The study design envisages measurement of
change in the level of awareness, attitudes and perceptions, and actual behaviors
associated with the various aspects of solid waste  source reduction.  Impact of the
program is to be assessed through a series of three surveys of the targeted

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households as well as physical analysis of the waste streams generated by the
population under study.

Region: IV
Contact: Robin Mitchell
Phone:  FTS 257-2091
Document #:  MSW-R4-92-E

Wisconsin Recycling Education Program. Chicago, IL: US EPA Region V and the
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, April, 1991.

      Three sets of educational materials are included in this output. The School
Component features three teacher handbooks.  The Recycling Study Guide for
grades 9-12 includes instructional strategies for teachers and activities for
students, linking recycling with science, technology, and society curricula. The K-
3 Supplement to the Recycling Study Guide covers recycling basics for K-3.  An
action handbook, The Fourth "R", provides initiatives and examples for practicing
recycling in the classroom and throughout the school system. Supplemental
materials include "Recycling facts and Figures" and "Recycling Games and
Quizzes". The State  Parks component includes: The  Nature's Recycler's Activity
Book (indoor and outdoor activities for children and adults at home, school, or
park/recreation areas); the Nature's Recycler's Coloring  Book (basic recycling
concepts for youngsters); and the Wisconsin Explorers Program (interpretive aids
for 4th through 6th graders exploring parks, forests and recreation areas while
earning certification as Wisconsin Explorers). The 4-H component provides
materials for the "Recycling the 4-H Way" promotion program.  This program,
modeled after the 4-H Dairy awards program with prizes awarded at the district
and state level, includes a promotional brochure, Club Recycling Activity Planning
Sheet, Activity Reporting Form, Score Card  for club  leaders, and list of potential
county fair projects with a recycling theme.

Region: V
Contact: Jennifer Manville
Phone: FTS  886-7599
Document*:  MSW-R5-91-E

The Wonderful World of Recycle.  Denver, CO: US EPA Region VIM and Recycle
Now, February 1990.

      This 13 minute video, designed for children (K through fourth grade),
addresses the topic of recycling glass, plastic, paper, and aluminum.

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Region:  VIII
Contact:  George Donnelly
Phone: FTS 330-1818
Document #:  MSW-R8(2)-90-E
111.    INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION
A.    General

Analysis of Solid Waste Management Alternatives.  Nixon, NV: The Pyramid Lake
Paiute Tribe, January 1990.

      This study assesses the existing solid waste management system of the
Pyramid Lake Paiute Indian Tribe, evaluates alternative disposal systems, and
recommend a procedure to handle the Tribe's solid waste so as to meet their needs
and fulfill the requirements of Title 40 of the Federal Code of Regulations,  Part
258, as proposed. The assessment and recommendation will also be incorporated
into an application for a HUD Community Development Block Grant to assist in
funding capital expenses of the selected solid waste management system.

Region: X
Contact:  Jeff Scott
Phone: FTS 484-2091
Document #: MSW-R10-90-1WM/G

Curbing Waste in a Throwaway World: Report of the Task Force on Solid Waste
Management. Washington, DC:  National Governors' Association, May 1990.

      This is the report of the National Governors' Association Task Force on
Solid Waste  Management. This task force focused on solutions that involve, in
fact depend  upon, the individual as much as they do industry and government.

Region: VIII
Contact:  Judith Wong
Phone: FTS 330-1667
Document*: MSW-R8(1)-90-IWM/G

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Decision-Makers Guide to Solid Waste Management:  Washington, D.C.:  US EPA,
Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, November 1989.

      This volume of the Decision Makers Guide is designed to help policy makers
understand their present waste management problems, possible techniques for
solving them, and how these solutions influence each other.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact: Bill MacLeod
Phone:  FTS 260-4662
Document #:  EPA/530-SW-89-072

interim Report of the Governor's Task Force on Integrated Solid Waste
Management. Colorado State:  Governor's Task Force on Integrated Solid Waste
Management, January 1990.

      A critical issue facing Colorado in the 1990's is how to manage the
increasing quantities of solid waste generated  within the state. This interim report
summarizes the current issues and presents some short-term recommendations.

Region:  VIII
Contact: Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document #:  MSW-R8(2)-90-IWM/G

Municipal Solid Waste Needs Assessment: Final Report. Seattle, WA: US EPA,
Region X, September 1989.

      This report is the outcome of the start of Region X's development of
programs, policies and priorities for helping the various Pacific Northwest
jurisdictions cope with the rapid changes underway in solid waste management.
Region X saw the need to increase its understanding of the concerns facing the
industry and solid waste managers at the state and local level. This report
identifies areas of concerns where some type  of EPA involvement might be useful.

Region:  X
Contact: Michael A. Bussed
Phone:  FTS 399-2857
Document*:  EPA 910/9-89-033

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North Dakota Solid Waste Symposium. Bismark, ND: US EPA Region VIII and
North Dakota Department of Health, October 1990.

Representatives from government, industry, environmental groups, and consulting
firms present and discuss ideas regarding potential solutions for solid waste
problems in ND.  Topics included: environmentalism and economic growth,
recycling, transfer station technology, markets, waste reduction, landfill
technology, materials recovery, public policy, legislative proposals, composting,
ground water/geotechnical considerations at ND landfills,  local government issues,
paper in the waste stream, NIMBYs and LULUs, incineration and waste-to-energy,
and public education. The proceedings concludes with a  resource list.

Region: VIII
Contact: Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document #:  MSW-R8(3)-90-IWM/G

Reusable News.  Washington,  D.C.: US EPA HQ Office of Solid  Waste, Winter
1991.

      This issue of the quarterly news letter of the Office of Solid Waste's
Municipal and Industrial Solid Waste Division reports on green labeling, post office
recycling efforts, procurement conferences, tire recycling and reuse, guides
explaining composting, Region ll's UN Handbook, and the Native American
Network.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact: John Leigh
Phone:  FTS 260-9350
Document #:  EPA/530-SW-91-020

Waste as a Resource for the Future:  Recoverable Resource Audit
Handbook.  New York, NY:  US EPA Region II, World Congress of Local
Governments, September, 1990.

      The handbook is designed as a tool to guide communities toward developing
strategies and alternatives for municipal solid waste management in the future.  Its
use will assist local governments in their efforts to characterize  waste streams in
order to identify those resources which are valuable commodities.

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Region: II
Contact: Michael DeBonis
Phone:  FTS 264-0002
Document #: MSW-R2-90-IWM/G
B.    Waste Stream Analysis


*  Waste Stream Characterization Project. Greensboro, NC:  U.S. EPA Region IV,
April 1991.

      This report presents the results of Greensboro's first of two waste stream
characterizations.  The study was conducted during the week of March 18-22,
1991,  at the City's White Street Landfill.  The findings of the waste stream
characterization study indicate that the categories which are amenable to source
reduction and would yield the greatest positive impact on the waste stream
include:  Yard Waste,  Disposable Paper, Junk Mail, and Food Wastes.  The findings
also provide baseline disposal indices which will be useful in tracking the impact of
the City's source reduction programs on solid waste characteristics and generation
rates.  In March 1992 wastes generated by Target and Control Groups will be
characterized in the same manner as the March 1991 study was conducted. The
1992 indices will be compared with the 1991  baseline disposal indices to provide
an insight to the success of the City's source reduction programs.

Region:  IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW R4-92-IWM/W

C.   Alternative Financing Mechanisms

Coping with Solid Waste in the  1990's II Conference.  Lake Tahoe, NV: U.S. EPA
Region IX Public-Private Partnership, November, 1990.

      The two  day conference featured four sessions addressing solid waste
issues of major concern to cities and towns: determining the true costs of their
systems, accessing the national capital  markets, implementing user fees, and
finding alternative systems to reduce management costs. Each session was
designed to introduce the audience to the basic issues and promote discussion of
the issues among the  panelists. The brochure explains the purpose of conference,
outlines the agenda, and provides a registration form and logistical information
about attending the conference.

                                     10

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Headquarters:  Office of Administration and Resources Management
Contact:  Gene Pontillo
Phone: 260-6044
Document #:  MSW-HQ-90-IWM/AFM

Variable Rates  in Solid Waste: Handbook for Solid Waste Officials Seattle, WA:
US EPA Region X, City of Seattle Solid Waste Utility, June 1990.

      A handbook which assists local solid waste officials in analyzing a number of
aspects related to making decisions about solid waste system changes, with
detailed emphasis on factors related to changes to the fee system.  Volume I
consists of the Executive Summary.  Volume II is a long and detailed manual which
has been organized in a manner to try to step readers through the complex issues
involved in making such an evaluation. This manual consists of six major parts,
each divided into sections within.

Region: X
Contact:  Michael Bussed
Phone: FTS 399-2857
NTIS Document #:  Volume I:  EPA 910-90-12a
                 Volume II:  EPA 910-90-012b

D.    Regionalization

Analysis of the Policy Implications of Regional MSW Disposal.  Seattle, WA: US
EPA Region X,  Ross & Associates, August, 1990.

      This report is intended for an audience of state and local policymakers who,
through the choices they are making now, are shaping the way in which MSW will
be managed for the next several decades in the Pacific Northwest.  It is not a
guide to implementing  regionalization, nor a how-to manual for local
decisionmakers as they conduct negotiations with private vendors for regional
landfill services.  It is intended to prompt discussion throughout the region of the
implications that these regional changes  will have on each community.

Region: X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: 399-6522
Document*:  MSW-R10-90-IWM/REG
                                    11

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* Joining Forces: A Solid Waste Equipment Sharing Methodology. Atlanta, GA:
US EPA Region IV, Land - of - Sky Regional Council, January, 1992.

      The purpose of this project is to develop a methodology which assists its
local governments in developing an equipment sharing program. Local
governments unable to  purchase large pieces of solid waste processing equipment
(e.g., compost turners,  wood grinders, and tire shredders) individually gain access
to such equipment through the development of a cooperative program among
several jurisdictions  to share costs and machine usage. This will allow participants
to jointly achieve the significant volume reductions possible through waste
processing.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS  257-2091
Document*:  MSW-R4(1)-92-IWM/REG

*  Joining Forces: A Solid Waste Equipment Sharing Pilot Project.  Atlanta, GA:
US EPA Region IV, Land  of  Sky Regional Council, January, 1992.

      The purpose of this project is to develop a model methodology by which its
member local governments could cooperatively share a piece of solid waste
processing equipment.  By sharing costs, small or rural jurisdictions will be able to
afford the services of pieces of equipment which might otherwise be out of reach,
and will avoid having equipment which sits idle due to small waste streams.

Region:  IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone:  FTS  257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4(2)-92-IWM/REG

Southern Partnership for Managing Waste.  Atlanta, GA:  US EPA Region IV,
Association of County  Commissioners, Conference of Southern County
Associations,  July 1990.

      A brochure describing the formulation of a 16 state partnership which will
address environmental  or waste management problems common to the southern
Region.

Region:  IV
Contact:  Tom Neesmith
Phone: FTS 257-7109
Document #:  MSW-R4-90-IWM/REG

                                     12

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See also RECYCLING, Southwest Recycling: Creating a Regional Market. MSW-R8-
91-REC.

E.    Siting

Sites for Our Solid Waste: A Guidebook for Effective Public Involvement.
Washington, D.C.: US EPA, Headquarters, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency
Response, Office of Policy,  Planning and Evaluation, March 1990.

      This guidebook presents a strategy for effectively resolving conflicts that
might present themselves during the siting  process for new waste disposal
facilities. Public officials are the primary audience for this guidebook, but citizens
and industry professionals may benefit from reading it as well.

Headquarters:  Office of Solid Waste
Contact: Tim Jones
Phone:  260-7920
Document #: EPA/530-SW-90-019-SI
IV.    LAND DISPOSAL
Drastic Evaluation of Potential for Groundwater Pollution From Landfillinq in Hart
County. Kentucky. Horse Cave, KY: The American Cave Conservation
Association, Inc. July 1991.

      The potential for groundwater pollution in a terrane can be predicted from an
assessment of its relevant variations in surface, subsurface, and hydrologic
characteristics; for example, depth to water, net recharge, rock type (aquifer
media), soil properties, slope of topography, and hydraulic conductivity of the
aquifers. A standard procedure for systematically evaluating these characteristics
and mapping their distribution known as DRASTIC was used to assess the
potential for polluting groundwater in Hart County. The results of the study show
that "groundwater in all of Hart County is susceptible to pollution. There  are no
sites in the county suitable for a landfill..."

Region:  IV
Contact: Robin S. Mitchell
Phone:  FTS 257-2091
Document #:  MSW-R4-91-1-LD
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Hart County Solid Waste Management Plan. Horse Cave, KY: The American Cave
Conservation Association, Inc. November 1990.

      Describes existing solid waste management in the county and  discusses
objectives of the plan that should be addressed by the county including: formation
of solid waste districts, location of suitable disposal sites, universal collection of
solid waste, reduction of illegal dumping, improved public attitudes and awareness,
and increased recycling. The plan recommends that counties form solid waste
management districts and that their appointed solid waste management boards
should plan for solid waste management and implement solutions.

Region: IV
Contact: Robin S. Mitchell
Phone: FTS  257-2091
Document #:  MSW-R4-90-2-LD

Karst Curriculum Guide. Horse Cave, KY: The American Cave Conservation
Association,  Inc. November 1990.

       This curriculum resource guide is  meant to assist educators find and utilize
materials for their classroom. The guide is targeted to grades 4 through 8 and is
divided into two main subject areas: cave and karst materials and ground water
materials. The teachers background section could be used either as text for high
school students or to develop classroom materials for other grade levels. The
guide includes the American Ground Water Trust's "Ground Water Education in
America's Schools."

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin S. Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4-90-3-LD

Learning to Live with Caves and Karst.  Horse Cave, KY: The American Cave
Conservation Association, Inc.  November 1990.

       This slide show discusses the problems of disposing MSW in karst areas,
areas characterized by soils too thin to adequately protect underlying groundwater
from dumpsite runoff.  Approximately 20% of the United States is underlain by
karst.
                                     14

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Region: IV
Contact:  Robin S. Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4-90-4-LD

Learning to Live With Caves: Educational Programs. Horse Cave, KY: The
American Cave Conservation Association, Inc. November 1990.

      This brochure uses text and pictures to describe common threats to ground
water in karst areas, what karst is, recycling facts, and the caveland solid waste
management initiative.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin S. Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4-90-5-LD

Report on the Initial Investigation for the Proposed Reclamation of the Town of
Edinburq Municipal Landfill. Saratoga County. N.Y.  New York, NY:  US EPA
Region II, February 1990.

      Final report of landfill reclamation project, Tasks 1 and 2, in the town of
Edinburg, New York.

Region: II
Contact:  Michael DeBonis
Phone: FTS 264-0002
Document #: 0-8645-EPA-02-90-0018G
V.    RECYCLING
A.    General

Citizens Guide - Recycling in Virginia. Richmond, VA:  Virginia Department of
Waste Management, US EPA Region III, October 1990.

      This workbook gives concerned citizens more information about the planning
program and implementation activities that Virginia has been undertaking to
address the waste problem and protect our environment and natural resources.
This notebook also includes ideas on how individuals can reduce waste and reuse
items  that otherwise might be thrown away.

                                    15

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Region: III
Contact: Andrew Uricheck
Phone:  FTS 597-0982
Document #: MSW-R3-90-2-REC/G

Decision makers Guide to Recycling Plastics.  Seattle, WA: US EPA Region X and
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, April 1991.

      The Guide is designed to assist community decision makers in determining
the feasibility of plastics recycling by resin types.  The guide outlines
characteristics of successful plastics recycling programs, policy considerations,
market considerations, and pros and cons of different types of collection programs.
Information  is also presented on determining what type of plastic to collect and
how to collect it. It includes data and worksheets for estimating the amount of
material to be recovered, startup and operating costs based on the type of
recycling program, and a resource reduction listing other sources of information  on
markets, program planning, and new developments in plastics recycling.

Region: X
Regional Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R10-91 -REC/G

Federal Recycling Programs Case Study:  Henry M. Jackson Building.  Seattle
Washington: US EPA Region X in conjunction with the General Services
Administration, April 1991.

       This brief case study documents the results of a  recycling program in a
Federal office building in downtown  Seattle and presents background on the waste
audit and implementation strategy. The results show how advantageous it can  be
to have custodial staff and management vested in a recycling program. Their
enthusiasm  and hard work, as well as the expertise of the recycling company, have
made the program a success. The study was drafted by EPA staff, wit review and
comment by the GSA. The recycling company, Smurfitt Recycling provided up-to-
date  information. The waste audit and implementation strategy were  developed by
Resource Integration Systems, Ltd. and Science Applications International
Corporation, under contract to EPA.

Region: X
Regional Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R 10-91-REC/G
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* Inform's Special Report - Recycling Programs in Islio. New York, and Somerset
County. New Jersey. New York, NY:  US EPA Region II,  Inform.

      In this study, Inform examines recycling in two communities within the
Environmental Protection Agency's Region II. The Town of Islip, a suburban
community on Long Island in New York State, and Somerset County, a more rural
community in New Jersey, each has a population on the order of several hundred
thousand residents, and manages several hundred thousand tons of solid waste per
year.  Both communities have well established recycling programs, widely
considered large, aggressive, and successful, that have been in existence for more
than five years.

      This report profiles waste volumes, solid waste management facilities,
administrative structures, and recycling goals in the two communities.  It describes
waste collection and recycling enforcement methods. It evaluates the
effectiveness of the Islip and Somerset recycling programs, analyzes the
economics of the two efforts, and draws a series of findings and conclusions.

Region: II
Contact: Mike DeBonis
Phone:  FTS 264-0002
Document #: MSW-R2(1)-92-REC/G

Is Your Community Ready for Plastics? Seattle, WA: US  EPA Region X and
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, April  1991.

      This fact sheet summarizes both the Decisionmaker's Guide to Recycling
Plastics and a background study of current plastics recovery rates  in Oregon:
Current and Target Recovery Rates for Plastics Packaging in Oregon  (see below for
a description of the Decisionmaker's Guide).  The study will be used  by the
Department of Environmental Quality to develop recommendations on effective
recycling rates for plastic resins for the years 1992 to 2000.

Region: X
Contact: Lauris Davies
Phone:  FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R10-91-REC/G

King County Home Waste Guide: A home tour through the world of  waste
reduction and recycling.  Seattle, WA:  US EPA Region X and King County Solid
Waste Division, February 1990.
                                     17

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      The purpose of the Home Waste Guide is to inform residents about waste
reduction and recycling opportunities at home. The Guide will take you on a tour
around the home in the form of a simple and informative quiz. The Guide also
includes a Resource Catalog which provides a list of resources to contact for
additional waste reduction information and the Waste Reducer's Checklist which
contains practical suggestions to  reduce, reuse, recycle, or compost everyday
waste.

Region: X
Contact:   Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R10-90-REC/G

Model Recycling Plan and Program Guidelines for Local Jurisdictions. San Diego,
CA: San  Diego  Association of Governments, July 1990.

      The guidelines incorporate  federal, state and local solid waste and recycling
mandates, policies and guidelines. They provide one example of a comprehensive
approach to recycling planning and programming in the  context of the State of
California and San Diego region's legislative, political, environmental and economic
situation. The guidelines are based on two important premises: local government
recycling plans  and programming efforts must be coordinated on an areawide basis
to be fully effective and recycling must be approached in the context of total
integrated solid waste management, with recycling and source reduction as the top
priorities. Included is a matrix of the  recycling activities  local jurisdiction plans,
programs and facilities -- of 19 local governments in the San Diego area.

Region:  X
Contact:  Jeff Scott
Phone:  FTS 484-2091
Document*: MSW-R10-90-RE/G

Office Paper Recycling:  An Implementation Manual. Washington, DC: US EPA
Headquarters, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, January 1990.

      The Implementation Manual is designed to assist Federal agencies in
planning, implementing, and promoting a high-grade office paper recovery program.
This manual should be useful to anyone planning an office paper recycling
program, including State and local government agencies, commercial businesses
and other private organizations.
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Region:  Headquarters
Contact:  Terry Grist
Phone: FTS 260-8518
Document #: EPA/530-SW-90-001

Office Recycling Handbook.  Chicago, IL:  US EPA, Office of Solid Waste
Management, June 1990. Chicago, IL: General Services Administration, June
1990.

      This manual has been designed for the facility or office manager who has
accepted the responsibility to improve our environment by making the conversion
of office trash to recovered resource a success.

Region:  V
Contact:  Jay Bergamini
Phone: FTS 886-7598
Document #: MSW-R5-90-REC/G

Post Office Recycling Poster. Seattle, WA:  US EPA Region X, November 1990.

      Poster developed by EPA to promote recycling of unwanted mail.

Region:  X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R10-90-REC/G

Office Recycling Handbook.  Philadelphia, PA:  US EPA Region III, General Services
Administration Region III, February 1991.

      This handbook is meant to evoke thought and provide assistance toward
initiating a recycling program in offices. The handbook also outlines methods to
develop an effective program.  The methods presented can be adopted by any
office including federal and state  agencies as well  as private companies. In
addition, a glossary of contacts and publications, which may be useful in program
development are provided.  Included as
appendices are several forms useful as tools to define the scope of your recycling
program to help determine the benefits companies will derive from recycling.

Region:  III
Contact:  Andrew Uricheck
Phone: FTS 597-0982
Document #: MSW-R3-91-REC/G

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Recycling in Federal Agencies. Washington, D.C.: US EPA HQ Office of Solid
Waste, October 1990.

      Describes in a succinct pamphlet successful and innovative recycling
programs that have been initiated in the federal government, and lists resources
available to federal agencies.

Headquarters: Office of Solid  Waste
Contact: Terry Grist
Phone:  FTS 260-8518
Document  #:  EPA/530-SW-9-082

Recycling Guidelines: Retrofitting Commercial. Industrial, and Institutional Facilities
for the Collection and Storage of Recyclable Materials. San Diego, CA: San Diego
Association of Governments,  June  1990.

      This report establishes  guidelines for changing the design, construction, or
equipment of  recycling systems in existing facilities to incorporate later
improvements. These  guidelines are intended to be used by both local
governments and commercial building owners/operators for the development of
recycling systems in existing  facilities.  An overview of commercial recycling
retrofit issues is discussed and details by type of material to be recycled is
presented.

Region:  X
Contact: Jeff Scott
Phone:  FTS 484-2091
Document  #:  MSW-R10-90-RE/G

Recycling Office Waste Paper: A Step bv Step Guide. Denver, CO:  US EPA
Region VIII and Colorado Office of Energy Conservation, April 1990.

      This guide  explains the process for establishing a cost efficient and
environmentally responsible recycling program. Included are sample
questionnaires, worksheets, waste audit forms and  promotional materials.  It is
designed to provide the basis for a successful collection program.

Region:  VIII
Contact: Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document  #:  MSW-R8-90-REC/G
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*  Regional Recycling Report.  Philadelphia, PA: US EPA Region III.

      The Regional Recycling Report (RRR) is intended to facilitate the exchange of
information about recycling programs and activities of the EPA Region III Office
and the Region III States. The primary audience is Federal and State recycling
personnel.  The initial plan is to publish two issues per year   one in the spring and
one in the fall. Additional, "special" editions may be published as the need arises.

Region: III
Contact:  Dave Newton
Phone: FTS 597-6197
Document #: MSW-R3(2)-92-REC/G

Scrap Tire Consumption.  Boston, MA: US EPA Region I, November 1990.

      The paper describes the current pattern of scrap tire use and disposal in New
England and New Jersey, and the changes expected in the near future.  In the
course of this description, various economic, regulatory and other factors emerge
as significant forces shaping the consumption and disposal pattern. The
concluding sections  highlight some of these factors and identify policy options
available to increase scrap tire consumption in the region.

Region: I
Contact:  Ron Jennings
Phone: FTS-833-1656
Document #: MSW-R1-90-REC/G
Study Paper on Local Government Implementation Strategies for Non-Residential
Recycling Programs.  San Diego, CA: San Diego Association of Governments, June
1990.

      This document presents information and concepts needed for an issue paper
that will assist the San Diego Association of Governments in preparation of a
report on alternative implementation strategies for commercial, industrial, and
institutional recycling. The document includes: an overview of refuse industry
predispositions, a series of program alternatives, and a graphic presentation of
overview concepts.  The purpose of the issue paper is to facilitate increased
recycling by non-residential generators.
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Region:  X
Contact:  Jeff Scott
Phone: FTS 484-2091
Document #: MSW-R10-90-RE/G

Used Oil Recycling.  Washington, D.C.: US EPA HQ Office of Solid Waste, 1990.

      Describes successful used oil recycling programs around the country,
provides statistics on used oil recycling, and lists available informational materials
related to used  oil recycling.  The newsletter is published on a periodic basis.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact:  Kim Carr
Phone: FTS 260-7600
Document #: EPA/530-SW-90-068

See also SOURCE REDUCTION, How the Waste Was Won.  MSW-R8-90-5-SR and
Reducing Waste in Your Business. MSW-R10-90-2-SR

B.    Market Development/Procurement

Closing the Loop. Purchasing Recycled Paper: A Guide for Purchasing Officials.
Chicago, IL: U.S. EPA, Region V, May  1991.

      This handbook provides practical information and guidelines for purchasing
recycled paper  products. Instructions are given for determining needs, purchasing
the products, and monitoring user acceptance.  The handbook includes helpful
appendices on Federal and State contacts, recycling and paper industry
publications, Federal content standards, and recycled paper  performance tests.

Region: V
Contact: Andrew Tschampa
Phone:  FTS  886-0976
Document #: EPA/905/9-81/014

Market Development in Recycling for the State of Colorado.
Denver, CO:  US EPA, Region VIII, Colorado Office of Energy Conservation, June
1990.

      This report examines current and projected market conditions for paper,
aluminum, PET and  glass.  The report also identifies barriers to recycling within the
State.
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Region: VIII
Contact:  Judith Wong
Phone: FTS 330-1667
Document #: MSW-R8-90-REC/MDP

Marketing Waste Paper: A Recycling Coordinator's Handbook. Chicago, IL: U.S.
EPA Region V, May 1991.

      This handbook is designed to facilitate information exchange between waste
paper recyclers and markets in the Midwest. The handbook provides information
on different grades of waste paper, the waste paper conversion process, and end
user markets and their products. Additionally, the handbook discusses marketing,
pricing and transportation options, and provides a summary of the process of
marketing waste paper.  The extensive appendices provides  information on
markets, dealers, equipment, and contacts.

Region:  V
Contact:  Andrew Tschampa
Phone: FTS 886-0976
Document*: EPA/905/9-81/014

Our Regional Recyclers Market Exchange Puts Your Recvclables on the Market.
Montgomery, AL:  Southeast Recyclers Market Exchange, July, 1991.

      This brochure describes how the Exchange functions as a comprehensive
listing and cross-reference to enable dealer/processors, manufactures and brokers
access to local government's recyclable material.  The telephone number of the
Exchange  is  listed.

Region:  IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4-91-REC/MDP

Procurement Guidelines for Government Agencies. Washington, D.C.: US EPA
Office of Solid Waste, December 1990.

      Explains in a four-page fact sheet what EPA's procurement guidelines are, to
whom the guidelines apply, and what requirements must be  followed.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact:  Richard Braddock
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Phone: FTS 260-2780
Document #: EPA/530-SW-91-011

*  Recvclelink / Year 1  Report. San Francisco, CA:  US EPA, Region IX, October
1991.

      RecycleLink is a computer network that includes a bulletin board and an on-
line version of the Official Recycled Products Guide.  It is used primarily by local
governments.  The RecycleLink project is an effort to promote and assist local
governments in California in buying recycled products, i.e., products manufactured
with recycled materials.

Region: IX
Contact:  Kivi Leroux-Duncan
Phone: FTS 484-2103
Document #: MSW-R9-92-REC/MDP

Recycling Markets Development Conference: Closing the Loop in the Washington
Region. Philadelphia, PA: US EPA Region III, October 1990.

      A brochure announcing the Region Ill's sponsorship of the October 1990
recycling markets development conference offered by the Metropolitan Washington
Council of Governments.

Region:  III
Contact:  Andrew Uricheck
Phone: FTS 597-0982
Document #: MSW-R3-90-REC/MDP

Southeast Recycling Market Council -  Phase I Report and Recycler Market Directory
with Sample Reports.  Montgomery, AL:  US EPA Region IV, EnviroSouth, Inc.,
October 1989  September 1990.

      EnviroSouth, under a cooperative agreement with EPA Region IV, is
developing the Southeast Recycling Market Council in phases over a three-year
period. The project will provide a major  strategy for EPA's implementation of a
program designed to reduce the nation's municipal solid waste stream by 25
percent by 1992 through source reduction and recycling.

      During Phase I, a Market Council for EPA Region IV's eight-state areas was
created and a recycling market database developed to accommodate the region's
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local governments. Phase II, deals with the operating and marketing components
of the Council.  Phase III will expand the Council's clearinghouse for channeling
information to local governments.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: D 004710900

*  The Southeast Recycling Market Council - Phase II Report and Recycler Market
Directory with Sample Reports. Montgomery, AL:  US EPA Region IV,
EnviroSouth, Inc., October 1990  September  1991.

      EnviroSouth, under a cooperative agreement with EPA Region  IV, is
developing the Southeast Recycling Market Council in phases over a  three-year
period. The project will provide a major strategy for EPA's implementation of a
program designed to reduce the nation's municipal solid waste stream by 25
percent by 1992 through source reduction and recycling.

      During Phase II, they have continued to refine and expand the  Market
Exchange.  An advertising campaign was also initiated to  increase use of the
Exchange.  The Market Council continued to meet on a regular basis. Their
commodity reports have been compiled and published as a quarterly  "Recyclers
Market News."  They have also begun developing policy positions on selected
recycling and market issues which they have shared with  legislative leaders in the
Southeast.  We will continue to fund EnviroSouth for a third year.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: D 004710901

The Southeast Recycling Market Council: What. Why, and Who?  Montgomery.
AL:  Southeast Recyclers Market Exchange,  July, 1991.

      This brochure describes the origin, operation and function  of the Council.
Members of the Council, recycling industry officials that direct the Recyclers
Market Exchange, are shown with their photograph.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #: MSW-R4-91-REC/MDP

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Southwest Recycling: Creating a Regional Market. Tuscon, AZ:  US EPA Regions
VIII and IX and the Udall Center for Public Policy Studies at the University of
Arizona, January 1991.

      This detailed briefing book was prepared for a conference organized by
several southwestern cities, including Tuscon, Mesa, Phoenix, and Salt Lake City.
At the conference participants achieved the objective of forming a recycling
coalition to improve market and price stability in a part of the county where it is
sorely lacking. Members are now drafting a "compact" for the Southwest Regional
Recycling Association.

Region: VIII
Contact:  Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document #: MSW-R8-91-REC/MDP
VI.   SOURCE REDUCTION


*  Quarterly Progress Report. Greensboro, NC: US EPA Region IV, November
1991.

      The quarterly progress reports on; 1)  how the City has conducted a waste
stream characterization study for a selected residential area and a control
residential area; 2) another study of the city plans to  conduct after implementing
their source reduction program; and 3) a household solid waste management
survey has been conducted for the selected residential area and the business
community. The results of this survey has enabled the City to more effectively
design the source reduction programs.

Region:  IV
Contact: Robin Mitchell
Phone:  FTS 257-2091
Document #:  MSW-R4(1)-92-SR

*  A Monthly Newsletter on Waste Reduction in the Residential Sectors.
Greensboro, NC:  US EPA  Region IV, August 1991.

      This newsletter introduces the City's Source Reduction Project to its
residents and will serve to update them on the project's development. It also
educates the neighborhoods about reducing waste associated with: a) disposable
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household goods, such as paper products, plastic items, and diapers, b)  junk mail,
and c)  yard waste.

Region: IV
Contact:  Robin Mitchell
Phone: FTS 257-2091
Document #:  MSW-R4(2)-92-SR

Business Waste Reduction and Recycling Handbook. Seattle, WA: US EPA Region
X and King County Solid Waste Division, March 1991.

      This handbook is designed to provide businesses with the resources it needs
to start reducing and recycling your waste.  The handbook is arranged in three
sections:  Designing Your Program, Reducing Your Waste and Buying Recycled
Products.  Information is also provided about a wide range of recycling services
and equipment available to King County businesses.

Region: X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document*:  MSW-R10(1)-91-SR

Don't Throw It Awav. Seattle, WA: US EPA Region X and WDOE and King 5
Television, April 1991.

      This 15 minute video is targeted to the employee or manager of any
business, giving tips and information regarding waste reduction, buying recycled
products, and recycling.  Using a humorous gameshow format, it provides
information that can easily and quickly be implemented by any employee. The
video's dynamic format and its environmental message are also suitable for
audiences such as middle or high school students, community groups, etc. State
and local government, EPA and business organizations envision using the video as
an ice-breaker at workshops,  loaning it out to businesses and other organizations,
and airing it continuously at events such as the Western Washington State Fair.

Region: X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #:  MSW-R10(2)-91-SR

Getting at the Source: Strategies for Reducing Municipal Solid Waste (Executive
Summary). Washington, D.C.: US EPA Office of Solid Waste in conjunction with
the World Wildlife Fund and the Conservation Foundation, 1991.

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      This 19 page summary of the Final Report of the Strategies for Source
Reduction Steering Committee  (available from WWF Publications, FOB 4866,
Hampden  PO, Baltimore, MD 21211) briefly addresses the topics of the final report
which include: the emergence of source reduction, evaluation opportunities for
source reduction, and selected  strategies to encourage source reduction. Included
are specific tools to assist in evaluating source reduction, such as screening criteria
for selecting options, checklist  of options, evaluation questions for selecting
options, obstacles to options, and evaluation  questions for selecting options.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact:  Lynda Wynn
Phone:  FTS 260-0700
Document*:  MSW-HQ-91-SR

How the Waste Was Won. Denver, CO: US  EPA Region VIII, Colorado Office of
Energy Conservation, July 1990.

      A twelve minute video developed to educate the public about the solid
waste problem in the West.  The video explains the landfill problem and the need
for reduction, recycling and composting. It presents consumer actions, including
buying in  bulk and avoiding excess packaging and disposables. It describes the
recycling  "loop" including  collecting materials, manufacturing new products and
buying recycled  goods.

Region: VIII
Contact:  Judith Wong
Phone:  FTS 330-1667
Document #:  MSW-R8-90-SR

Proceedings of the First National Environmental Shopping Conference.
Philadelphia, PA: US EPA Region III and Pennsylvania Resources Council, March
1991.

      Environmentalists, food industry representatives, government regulators, and
academicians present and discuss their ideas regarding environmental shopping.
Topics discussed included: packaging and the environment, pollution prevention,
understanding the green consumer, degradability, reducing packaging and product
integrity,  comparing state  legislative solutions, the use and abuse of seals of
approval,  and the green consumer in Europe.

Region: III
Contact:  Andrew Uricheck
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Phone: FTS 597-0982
Document #: MSW-R3-91-SR

Reducing Waste in Your Business.  Seattle, WA: US EPA Region X, Washington
State Department of Ecology,  Winter 1990.

     This publication discusses the importance of reducing waste as an individual
and as  business.  The brochure lists vendors of recycled products in the Northwest
and lists contacts for business owners who may want to develop a waste
reduction/recycling program.

Region: X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document #: MSW-R10(1)-90-SR

Unit Pricing: Providing an incentive to Reduce Municipal Solid Waste (Brochure).
Washington, D.C.: US EPA Office of Solid Waste, February 1991.

     This 12 page brochure briefly addresses what unit pricing is, how it works,
what its benefits are, and its implementation.  The roles of source reduction and
recycling and how communities perceive unit pricing programs are addressed. The
final section provides sources of more information.

Headquarters: Office of Solid Waste
Contact:  Lynda Wynn
Phone: FTS 260-0700
Document*: EPA/530-SW-91-005

Waste  Not Want  Not. Boston, MA: US EPA Region I, US Department of the
Interior, National  Park Service, North Atlantic Regional Office, September 1990.

     This brochure provides the reader with vacationing and everyday household
tips on how to protect and preserve our environment.  It also gives tips on how to
make pollution prevention a part of everyday life.

Region: I
Contact:  Ron Jennings
Phone: FTS 833-1656
Document*: MSW-R1-90-SR
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Watch Your Waste. Seattle, WA: US EPA Region X and King County Solid Waste
Division, March 1991.

      This 9 minute presentation details the successes of several companies - both
large and small - in reducing and recycling their waste. The video shows how
businesses can: reduce disposal costs, earn revenue from waste, enhance
employee moral, and contribute to a better environment.

Region:  X
Contact:  Lauris Davies
Phone: FTS 399-6522
Document*:  MSW-R10(2)-90-SR
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                                            U.S. Government Printing office : 1992 - 312-014/40084

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