United Slates
Environmental Protection
Agency
Off ice of
Water Program Operations
Washington, D.C. 20460
                            430/9-79001
1978 Needs Survey

Cost Estimates
for Construction of
Publicly-Owned
Wastewater Treatment
Facilities
                            FRD-1

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    This  Report was prepared under the direction of

                James A.  Chamblee, Chief
     Priorities and Needs Assessment Branch (WH-595)
           Office of Water Program Operations
          U.  S. Environmental Protection Agency
                 Washington, D.C.   20460
                     (202) 426-4443
Additional copies of this publication may be ordered  from
the following address:

              U. S.  Department of Commerce
              National  Technical  Information Service
              Springfield, VA  22151

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         1978 NEEDS SURVEY
          COST ESTIMATES
FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED
  WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
         FEBRUARY 10, 1979

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         UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
                          WASHINGTON, D.C. 20460

                                FEB   9 1979
                                                               THE ADMINISTRATOR
Honorable Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr.
Speaker of the House
  of Representatives
Washington, D.C.  20515

Dear Mr. Speaker:

     Enclosed is the Environmental Protection Agency's report on the
results of the 1978 Survey required by sections 205(a) and 516(b)(l) of
the Clean Water Act.  The purpose of this report is to estimate the
costs of construction of publicly-owned wastewater treatment facilities
needed to carry out the provisions of the Act and to estimate these
costs on a State-by-State basis.

     The 1978 Survey estimates tffe overall remaining needs for the
conveyance and treatment of municipal sewage, and control  of pollution
from combined sewer overflows to be $106 billion.  Of this total, about
$54 billion are needed for new treatment plants and interceptors, which
historically were eligible under Public Law (84-660) as well as the
present Act.

     The latest estimates reflect a better formulated and  more con-
sistent survey methodology, greater amounts of information now available
from such sources as new facility plans, basin plans and discharge
permits, and the expansion of the survey to include all facilities
nationwide.

     Several factors have reduced needs between 1976 and 1978. Other
factors have offset these. The net result is an estimate three percent
lower than the $109 billion (January 1978 dollars) reported in the 1976
Needs Survey. New projects approved between the 1976 and 1978 surveys
account for a reduction of more than $14 billion in the present survey
estimate.  More careful reporting and better cost estimates have resulted
in reduced estimates for several categories of need. At the same time,
however, the effects of inflation, calculated at 6.8 percent per year
between 1976 and 1978, have added $13 billion to the present estimate.

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                                   -2-

The completion of a national facilities inventory added the cost of
6,000 previously unidentified facilities to the needs.  Also, Survey
reporting rules were changed to project needs to the year 2000, instead
of the year 1990.  This change resulted in less reduction of needs, but
is more consistent with existing wastewater planning documents.

     The 1978 estimate includes $26 billion for control of pollution
from combined sewer overflows.  This is about twenty-four percent higher
than the estimate made in 1976, which reflects improved estimation
techniques as well as the completion of an inventory of combined sewer
areas.

     While the best solution to the problems of urban drainage and
pollution control may be a  joint multiple purpose project, we do not
consider that the costs allocable  to drainage are or should be eligible
for grant funding under our program.  The 1978 estimate for combined
sewers was based on the assumption that the 1985 goals of the Act could
be met even  though not all  overflows during a severe storm were completely
controlled.  This assumption may not fully conform with some State
standards which  could be interpreted to require massive expenditures  for
the control  of overflows from the  worst storms of record.

     While stormwater needs are not eligible for Federal grants, we have
also estimated need for the control of pollution from separate storm
sewers  in sewered and non-sewered  urbanized areas at $62 billion above
the $106  billion for the other types of facilities.  The estimated costs
of control of  stormwater pollution vary greatly depending upon how one
approaches the problem.  After further research, we may conclude that
$62  billion  is not  the best estimate.  We believe, however, that it is
 nearer the mark  than the estimates of prior Surveys.

     The  separate State estimates  resulting from the 1978 Survey are
 presented in the attached  report.  Total State estimates exceeded total
 EPA estimates  by only three percent.  A relatively few States account
 for most of  this difference.

      I  believe that the totals in  this report are an accurate overall
 estimate  of  the  cost of meeting the goals of the Clean Water Act of
 1977,   The  costs reported  for  treatment and interceptors, in particular,
 seem nationally  consistent and well formulated.

     The  Agency  has  begun  a detailed analysis of the cost data resulting
 from the  1978  Survey.  Our preliminary results indicate that if a high
 rate of inflation continues in the grants program, a more focussed

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                                   -3-
funding strategy may be necessary to meet the goals of the Clean Water
Act.  Based on this analysis, the Agency will prepare and transmit to
Congress a recommended construction grants allotment formula, directed
toward meeting the goals of the Act more effectively.

     I would be pleased to discuss further the results of this Survey at
your convenience.

                                        Sin
 Enclosure

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                      TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                         Pages
I.      Introduction                                        1
II.     Explanation of the Survey                           2
III.   Results of the Survey                               4
        Table A - 1978 Needs Survey Summary Costs          5
        Table B - Treatment Costs by Treatment Levels      9
        Table C - Per Capita SMSA/Non-SMSA Needs           10
IV.     Comparison With The 1976 Survey                     11
        Table D - Comparison of 1978 Survey with 1976
                   Survey                                  13
V.      Quality of Facility Estimates, Categories I-V       15
VI.     Quality of Category VI Estimates                    17
VII.   Conclusions                                         17
VIII.  Future Needs Survey                                 18
Appendix A - Conduct of the Survey                         A-l
      I. Categories I-IV                                   A-l
      II. Categories V-VI                                  A-6
      Table A-l  Treatment Level Required for Recreation
                 Protection in Combined Sewer Areas         A-12
      Table A-2  Treatment Level Required for Recreation
                 Protection in Storm Sewered and Non-
                 Sewered Areas                             A-13
Appendix B - Reasons for Independent State Estimates       B-l
Appendix C - Summary Tables                                C-l

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           COST ESTIMATES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED
                    WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES

                         The 1978 Needs Survey
I.   INTRODUCTION

     This report is submitted in compliance with the provisions of the
Clean Water Act, Sections 205(a) and 516(b)(l).  Included in this report
are a detailed estimate of the cost of construction of all  needed publicly-
owned treatment works in all of the States and the cost of construction
of all needed publicly-owned treatment works in each of the States, to
meet the 1983 goals of the Act.   The cost estimates presented in this
Survey may serve as a basis for Congressional allotment of funds in
accordance with the provisions of the Act.

     This is the fourth Needs Survey conducted since the enactment of
P.L. 92-500.  Three previous Surveys were conducted in 1973, 1974, and
1976.  The 1978 Survey had four goals aimed at improvement of the Needs
estimation process:

          1.  To secure estimates wuich are comparable nationwide,

          2.  To improve the overall quality of the estimates,

          3.  To develop a detailed informatton base to assist in
              program planning and management, and

          4.  To produce a national inventory of wastewater treatment
              facilities and combined sewer areas.

     EPA, in a joint effort with an advisory group consisting of State
and Regional representatives, formulated the approach used in the 1978
Needs Survey.  The approach selected called for an active role by EPA,
with State participation in varying degrees, State-by-State, depending
on resource priorities.  This permitted the use of a single nationwide
methodology, with uniformly applied guidelines.  Provision was made in
the guidelines for local cost variations due to local conditions affecting
construction costs.

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II.   EXPLANATION OF THE SURVEY

     A.   Cost Categories

          The 1978 Survey used the same cost estimate Categories as
     were used in 1976.  These Categories are:

          Category I - SECONDARY TREATMENT.   This included costs for
     facilities which are only required to provide "secondary treatment"
     or "best practicable wastewater treatment  technology" (BPWTT).  For
     the purpose of the Survey, BPWTT and secondary treatment were
     considered synonymous.   Costs for systems  designed to serve individual
     residences are reported in this Category.

          Category II - HIGHER THAN SECONDARY TREATMENT.   Costs reported
     in this Category are for treatment facilities that must achieve
     treatment levels more stringent than secondary.   This requirement
     generally exists where water quality standards require removal of
     such pollutants as phosphorus, ammonia, nitrates, or organic and
     other substances.  Included in Category II are the costs necessary
     to raise the treatment level of Category II facilities to secondary
     levels, e.g. if the existing treatment level of a facility is
     primary, then costs necessary to raise the treatment level to
     secondary are reported in Category II,  together with the costs for
     treatment levels greater than secondary.

          Category IIIA - CORRECTION OF INFILTRATION/INFLOW.   Included
     are costs for correction of sewer system infiltration/inflow problems.
     Costs could also be reported for a preliminary sewer system analysis
     and for a detailed Sewer System Evaluation Survey.

          Category IIIB - MAJOR REHABILITATION  OF SEWERS.  Requirements
     for replacement and/or major rehabilitation of existing sewer
     systems were reported in this Category. Costs were reported if the
     corrective actions were necessary to the total integrity of the
     system.  Major rehabilitation is considered to be extensive repair
     of existing sewers beyond the scope of normal maintenance programs,
     where sewers are collapsing or structurally unsound.

          Category IVA - NEW COLLECTOR SEWERS.   This Category included
     costs of construction of new collector sewer systems and appurtenances
     designed to correct violations caused by raw discharges, seepage to
     waters from septic tanks and the like,  and/or to comply with
     Federal, State or local actions.

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     Category IVB - NEW INTERCEPTOR SEWERS.  Included in this
Category were new interceptor sewers and transmission pumping
stations necessary for the bulk transport of wastewaters.

     Category V -  CONTROL OF COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW.  Costs
reported for this Category were for facilities to prevent and/or
control periodic bypassing of untreated wastes from combined
sewers to achieve water quality objectives and which are eligible
for Federal funding.  It does not include treatment and/or control
of stormwaters in separate storm and drainage systems.

     Category VI -  TREATMENT AND/OR CONTROL OF STORMWATERS.  This
Category included the costs of abating pollution in urbanized areas
from stormwater runoff channelled through sewers and other conveyances
used only for such runoff.  The cost of abating pollution from
stormwater channelled through combined sewers which also carry
sewage are included in Category V.

     The incremental cost for removal of pollutants such as toxic
substances are not included in the Needs Survey.
Appendix A explains the details of the conduct of the Survey.


B.  Survey Dollars

     All costs were estimated in January, 1978 dollars.

C.  Populations

     Two time periods are of interest to the Needs Survey for
population purposes.  The first of these is the present,  defined as
the July, 1977 population of the States as calculated by  the
Bureau of the Census in publication P-25 (No.727).  The second
population of interest is the future or projected population,  based
on Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) projections for the  year  2000.
The BEA population projections are used consistently in the Con-
struction Grants program.

     Population estimates and projections are used as State
population ceilings for Needs Survey purposes in Categories I-IV.
These ceilings are not applicable to Categories V and VI.

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III. RESULTS OF THE SURVEY

     A.   EPA Assessment

          The EPA assessment of the dollar need for construction of
     municipal wastewater treatment facilities to serve year 2000
     populations is $106.2 billion in Categories I through V, and an
     additional $62 billion for control  of stormwater (Category VI).
     The States' estimate for the same needs are $109.1 billion for
     Categories I-V and $62 billion for Category VI (treatment and/or
     control of stormwaters).

          Table A contains a summary of national needs by Category.
     Appendix C contains tables detailing the Survey results.

          Included in the Needs assessment is $54.1 billion for Categories
     I, II and IVB (treatment plants and interceptors) that reflect the
     costs for the traditional Water Quality Program of Treatment Plants
     and Interceptor Sewers.

     B.  Independent State Estimates

          After EPA formulation of cost estimates, States were asked
     to review these estimates and concur or provide additional data to
     support differing costs.  In many cases, these data were supplied,
     and the resultant EPA assessments reflect those changes.

          In some instances, however, differences in cost estimates were
     irreconcilable between EPA and State participants.  In this case,
     State participants provided an independent State estimate of need
     differing from the EPA estimate, and usually higher in cost.

          The reason for differing cost estimates was, in general, not
     associated with construction costs themselves, but with States'
     beliefs that Survey guidelines should be amended and/or adjusted in
     these areas to permit higher costs to be reported.

     C.  Differences Between State and EPA Estimates

          A total of over 155,000 possible individual cost estimates
     were investigated by EPA.  Over 55,000 of these possible estimates
     resulted in a need.  Table 42 shows for each State the number of
     individual cost estimates made by EPA in Categories I-IV (treatment
     plants and sewers), which resulted in a need.  For Categories V and
     VI (control of combined sewer overflow and stormwater), two estimates
     per State were made for the capital costs of achieving the 1985
     goals of the Act.  One estimate was for current (1977) populations,
     and the other for 2000 populations.

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                               TABLE A - 1978 Needs  Survey  Summary  Costs
                                  (January, 1978 Dollars  in Billions)


                                                 EPA          State                    Percent
Needs Category                                Assessment     Estimate     Difference    Difference

     I   (Plants Which Require Only
         Secondary Treatment)                    15.09        15.17        .08           .005

    II   (Plants Which Require
         More Stringent Treatment
         Than Secondary*)

               A.  To Achieve Secondary Levels  (10.2)
               B.  Advanced Secondary Levels     (6.8)
               C.  Advanced Treatment Levels     (3.5)

               Total Category II                 20.51        21.78       1.27             6

  IIIA   (Infiltration/Inflow)                    2.44         2.56        .12             5

  IIIB   (Replacement and/or Rehabilitation)      4.88         4.94        .06             1

   IVA   (New Collector Sewers)                  19.02        19.19        .18             1

   IVB   (New Interceptor Sewers)                18.47        18.68        .21             1

     V   (Combined Sewer Overflows)              25.74        26.76       1.02             4

Total I, II, IVB                                 54.07        55.63       1.56             3

Total I - V                                     106.15       109.08       2.93             3

    VI   (Control of Stormwater)                 61.67        61.70          0             0

Total I - VI                                    167.82       170.78       2.96             2
*  Split of Category II Needs provided by EPA only.   No State  participation  included.

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     Of over 155,000 separate potential cost estimates investigated
by EPA, only 2953 (2 percent) independent estimates were submitted
by States, representing 3 percent of the Needs.  Table 43 shows for
each State the number of independent estimates submitted in Categories
I-IV, by Category of Need.  The bulk of these independent estimates
are:

                      Percent of Number of       Percent of EPA
     State              State Estimates        Dollar Assessment

     Wisconsin               2.6                      18.1
     Maryland                2.5                       5.5
     Michigan                2.0                       3.4
     Nevada                  3.2                       8.5
     New York               32.2                       7.0
     Washington               .002                     3.2

     A total of forty States and Territories reported no independent
State estimates differing from EPA estimates. For Categories V &
VI, independent State estimates were submitted only for California
and Vermont.  A description of the reasons for independent State
estimates is given in Appendix B.

     Of approximately 155,000 possible estimates, 1,267 separate
estimates representing 758 Survey forms were submitted by States.
Most of these estimates were based on State-developed cost curves
or State population projections exceeding allowable ceilings.  Other
reasons for separate estimates include disagreement on allocation
of dollars between Categories I-IV versus Category V, inclusion of
ineligible facilities, and differing inflation factors.

D.  Assessment of Backlog

     A continued appendage to the Survey was the assessment of need
for present populations (the backlog of need).   Needs for Categories
I-V present populations are estimated to be $79 billion,  or 74
percent of the year 2000 needs.   Note that because of their nature,
year 2000 Needs for Categories IIIA (infiltration/inflow correction)
and IIIB (major sewer rehabilitation) are almost exclusively all
backlog needs. In addition, for reasons detailed in Section 211 of
P.L. 95-217 and the Construction Grant Regulations (40 CFR 35.925-
13), all of the Category IVA (collector sewers) needs for year 2000
are theoretically also backlog needs (see Section V for a discussion
of the extent to which Category IVA in practice includes  provision
for future population growth).  The differences, therefore, are
most graphically illustrated in Categories I, II, and IVB (treatment
plants and interceptor sewers),  where backlog needs represent only
45 percent of the year 2000 needs.   Backlog and 2000 needs are
presented by Category in the following table:

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Needs Category
Year 2000 EPA
  Assessment
Backlog   Percent
Estimate  Difference
I   (Secondary Treatment)
II  (Hore Stringent Treatment)
         A. Secondary Levels
         B. Advanced Secondary
         C. Advanced Treatment

Total Category II

IIIA (Infiltration/Inflow)
IIIB (Replacement and/or Rehab.)
IVA  (New Collector Sewers)
IVB  (New Interceptor Sewers)
V    (Combined Sewer Overflow)

Total I, II, IVB

Total I-V

VI   (Control of Stormwater)

Total I-VI
     15.09

    (10.2)
     (6.8)
     (3.5)

     20.51

      2.44
      4.88
     19.02
     18.47
     25.74

     54.07

    106.15

     61.67

    167.82
   9.66
36
  10.63

   2.44
   4.87
  19.02
   6.69
  25.74

  26.98

  79.05

  45.70

 124.75
48

 0
 0
 0
64
 0

50

26

26

26
     The differences between backlog and year 2000 needs are
substantial both because of the increase in population projected
from the present (220 million persons) to the year 2000 (270
million persons) and to the increase in percent of population
projected to be served by municipal systems (from 69 percent at
present to 88 percent in year 2000).

     The differences between backlog and future estimates has grown
between 1976 and 1978, for two major reasons.  First, the target
date for future needs was changed from year 1990 to year 2000, a
change made to bring needs estimates more in line with existing
planning efforts in the wastewater field.  This change added an
estimated $4.3 billion to future needs as a result of the addition
of 11 million people.  Second, the effect of grant awards seems to
be greater on backlog needs than on future needs.  Backlog needs
were reduced by more than 25 percent from 1976 to 1978, while
future needs were reduced by about 10 percent.

     The costs reported for the backlog are sufficient only for
facilities necessary to serve the June, 1977 populations.  They do
not include any costs for reserve capacity which would be required
by the Act to be included in these facilities for population growth
beyond 1977.  They also exclude estimates for treatment plants and
sewers that were not necessary at all in 1977, but are projected to
be necessary for year 2000 populations. Backlog needs, as determined
by EPA, are shown in Table 36.

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E.   Costs of Plants Requiring Treatment More Stringent than
    Secondary (Category II)

     Category II cost estimates include all  costs for each treatment
facility where required treatment levels are higher than secondary,
including costs to bring treatment levels to secondary.   Using cost
curves derived from recently completed treatment construction
projects, EPA estimated those portions of Category II needs required
for three levels of construction:

     1.  to upgrade Category II facilities to secondary treatment
     levels - $10.2 billion.

     2.  to upgrade Category II facilities from secondary levels to
     advanced secondary levels.  Advanced secondary levels are
    , achieved in general when effluent limits for BOD are between
     30 and 10 mg/1. (85-95 percent removal) and no nitrogen
     removal requirements exist.  These costs are estimated at $6.8
     billion, or 19 percent of total  treatment needs, and 30 percent
     of treatment projects.

     3.  to raise Category II facilities from advanced secondary
     levels to advanced treatment levels (AWT). Advanced treatment
     is defined as removal of BOD above 95 percent (less than 10
     mg/1) or nitrogen removal requirements. The estimate for AWT
     costs is $3.5 billion, which represents 10 percent of total
     treatment needs, and 6 percent of treatment projects.

     Table B shows the distribution of treatment costs among the
various sub-categories of treatment level.

F.  Urban/Non-Urban Meeds

     Meeds in Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSA's) were
estimated, as well as needs outside of SMSAs.  While the areas
outside of SMSAs may include communities of up to 50,000 population,
this division provides some idea of the relative division between
urban and non-urban needs.  Table C shows the split of year 2000
needs into SMSA/non-SMSA categories.   This table shows that the per
capita needs in the Nation's metropolitan areas remain above the
national average, while needs outside of metropolitan areas are
below that average.  The table also shows that almost all sewer
rehabilitation needs are found in metropolitan areas, while col-
lector sewer costs tend to be higher in rural areas, where dis-
tances are greater.

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NEEDS CATEGORY

Category I -
(Secondary Treatment)

Category II -
Treatment More Stringent
than Secondary)

TOTAL

Number of Projects
TABLE B - TREATMENT COSTS BY TREATMENT LEVEL
     (BILLIONS OF JANUARY 1978 DOLLARS)

                   NEED TO ACHIEVE         ADVANCED  SECONDARY
TOTAL NEEDS   SECONDARY TREATMENT LEVELS     TREATMENT  LEVELS
     15.1



     20.5

     35.6

   17,258
  15.1



  10.2

  25.3  (71  percent)

10,972  (64  percent)
  6.8

  6.8 (19 percent)

5,213 (30 percent)
                                                ADVANCED WASTE
                                               TREATMENT LEVELS
  3.5

  3.5 (10 percent)

1,073 (6 percent)

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  TABLE C - 1978 NEEDS SURVEY



PER CAPITA SMSA/NON-SMSA NEEDS



     (DOLLARS PER CAPITA)
CATEGORIES
Category I
Category II
Category IIIA
Category 1 1 IB
Category IVA
Category IVB
Category V
Total I, II, IVB
Total I-V
WITHIN SMSA'S
67
100
10
30
84
89
122
256
502
OUTSIDE SMSA'S
73
72
11
2
94
69
137
214
458
NATIONAL AVERAGE
68
93
11
22
86
83
127
245
490

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    G.  Needs for  Large  Financially Troubled  Urban  Core Areas

         Major  U.  S. metropolitan  areas  have  large  needs.  A few  areas
    have needs  above $1  billion.   The  New  York metropolitan area  is  the
    city with by far the greatest  need,  estimated at  $7 billion in
    Categories  I-V.  The major  components  of  that need are shown  below.

         Needs  Category         Amount  for  N.Y.        Amount for  New York City
                                 Metro Area
                             (millions  of dollars)

         Category  I                2,086       I               1,887
         Category  II                 753                         0
         Category  IIIA                12                         0.4
         Category  IIIB            2,754                      2,754
         Category  IVA              1,405                         484
         Category  IVB              1,285                         326
         Category  V                2,519                      1,742

         Total                     10,814                      7,193

         While  needs in  the  metro  area have decreased since the 1976
    Survey by about  10 percent, needs  in the  city have remained almost
    constant at seven  billion dollars.   This  situation is not unique to
    New York, but  is a common occurrence in financially troubled  cities,
    which  have  little  prospect  of  financing the local share of more
    than a small percentage  of  their wastewater treatment and conveyance
    needs. The  national  total of needs in  the ten most financially
    distressed  large cities  is  about $15 billion.   A  hard core of need
    exists which is  not  likely  to  be met in the foreseeable future,  in
    most of these  cities.

IV.  COMPARISON  WITH THE  1976 SURVEY

    A.  Treatment  Plants and Sewers (Categories I-IV)

         The estimates of needs for the  1978  Survey in Categories I-IV
    built  on the experience  and information from previous Needs Surveys.
    EPA, in consultation with a working  group of State representatives,
    determined  that  the  Survey  would be  conducted for Categories  I-IV
    on  a facility-by-facility basis as in  1976.  A  consultant firm,
    Dames  & Moore, was again competitively selected to augment the
    manpower available within EPA  and  the  States.   Survey guidance was
    prepared in conjunction  with the States and discussed in detail
    during meetings  held with the  States at EPA's regional offices.
    All data from  the  1976 Survey  were pre-printed  on the Survey  re-
    porting form as a  starting  point for the  1978 effort.
                                   11

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     Dames & Moore established its personnel  in EPA's ten regional
offices in the Spring of 1978 and prepared estimates facility-by-
facility on the basis of information in regional and State files.
States were asked to review and comment on estimates and provide
assistance, subject to the constraint that adverse impact on the
progress of the Construction Grants Program should be avoided as
much as possible.  Independent State estimates were recorded when
agreement between the State and EPA was not possible.

     The completed estimates were approved by the State and EPA and
sent to Washington for a rigorous quality check and entry into a
computer file.

     Table D shows the 1978 Survey results compared with the 1976
Survey.  The results of the 1978 Survey track well with the 1976
results, given the volume of grants awarded and the inflation of
construction costs experienced between Surveys.  The net result was
a decrease in needs of three percent for Categories I-V.  The major
reasons for the differences in these estimates for Categories I-IV
are summarized below:

Reasons which decreased needs:

     1.  Categories I, II, and IVB (Treatment Plants and Inter-
ceptors) were substantially affected by the $14 billion of con-
struction grant funds obligated between the 1976 and 1978 Surveys.
The $14 billion included $10.5 billion in federal funds and $3.5
billion in local funds.

     2.  Needs in Category II (Treatment more Stringent than
Secondary) went down, causing a reduction in  total treatment needs,
even though secondary treatment needs went up slightly.  This
change was primarily caused by better reporting procedures and
better cost information on Category II facilities, and not a
reduction of the number of facilities with needs for treatment
levels higher than secondary.

     3.  The estimates for Categories IIIA and IIIB (Infiltration/
Inflow Correction and Major Sewer Rehabilitation) have been sub-
stantially reduced from the 1976 Survey, while the reporting rules
for these costs remained identical during the two surveys.  The
changes were caused by more careful reporting of Category III
needs, the shift of some needs previously reported in Category III
to Category V, and the award of grants during the period between
Needs Surveys.

     4. Category IVB needs (Interceptor Sewers) have been reduced
by 9 percent primarily due to grant awards made in 1976 and 1977.
                               12

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                        Table D - Comparison of 1978 Survey with  1976  Survey
                                 (January,  1978 Dollars  in Billions)

Needs Category                               1978 Survey   1976  Needs      $Diff       %Diff

     I   (Secondary Treatment)                  15.09          14.72        +.37        +3

    II   (More Stringent Treatment)

          A.  Secondary levels                 (10.2)
          B.  Advanced Secondary                (6.8)
          C.  Advanced Treatment                (3.5)
          Total Category II                     20.51          24.17        -3.66        -15

  IIIA   (Infiltration/Inflow)                   2.44           3.43        -.99        -29

  IIIB   (Replacement and/or Rehabilitation)     4.88           6.23        -1.35        -22

   IVA   (New Collector Sewers)                 19.02          19.29          .27        -1

   IVB   (New Interceptor Sewers)               18.47          20.36        -1.89        -9

     V   (Combined Sewer Overflow)              25.74          20.75        +4.99        +24

Total I - V                                    106.15         108.95        -2.80        -3

     VI  (Control of Stormwater)                61.67          61.49        +.18       +0.3

Total I - VI                                   167.82         170.44        -2.62        -2

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Reasons which increased needs:

     1.  All categories were substantially affected by general
inflation, estimated for Needs  purposes at 6.8 percent per year.
Inflation effects are responsible for an estimated $13 billion rise
in needs.

     2.  The completion of a national facilities inventory for the
1978 Survey resulted in the addition of over 13,000 facilities,
almost all of which are very small facilities located in rural
areas.  This increase was experienced because the inventory of
facilities was completed for the first time.

     3.  All needs were increased to some extent because the
future needs reporting date was changed from year 1990 to year
2000.  This change brought the Needs Survey more in line with
existing planning efforts for wastewater facilities, and resulted
in an estimated increase of $4.3 billion in future needs.

     4.  New and improved historical cost data were used to generate
cost curves for use in the Survey which were substantially higher
in cost than previous curves.  The improvement in the quality of
the curves, however, was significant as well.

B.  Combined Sewer Overflow (Category V)

     The 1978 Category V Needs are 24 percent higher than those
estimated in the 1976 Needs Survey, after adjustment for construction
cost increases since January 1, 1976. The primary reason for this
is the increase in the volume and accuracy of information sources
needed to make these estimates.  The 320 urbanized areas surveyed
were studied as 1143 separate combined sewer areas in the 1978
Needs Survey.

     EPA completed an inventory of combined sewer areas in the 1978
Needs Survey. The reported combined sewer acreage increased by 13
percent as a result.  The distribution of combined sewer overflow
control needs shifted from 19 percent in non-urbanized areas in the
1976 Survey to 34 percent in 1978.  This increase in reported non-
urbanized combined sewer areas affects costs significantly because
the average capital cost to control pollution from non-urbanized
areas is $15,896 per acre compared to $9,221 per acre for urbanized
areas
                                14

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          Further,  more detailed site studies were used to determine the
     relationships  between the costs to control  pollution from combined
     sewer areas and the data collected for each combined sewer area.
     This more detailed consideration of the individual characteristics
     of each combined sewer area is the major reason for the individual
     State needs changes from the 1976 Survey.

     C.  Treatment  and/or Control of Stormwater (Category VI)

          The 1978  Category VI Needs are one-fourth of 1 percent higher
     than those estimated in the 1976 Needs Survey, after adjustment for
     construction cost increases since January 1, 1976.

          Individual State needs differences are due to a more detailed
     consideration  of the individual characteristics of each urbanized
     area when compared to the 1976 Needs Survey methodology.

V.   QUALITY OF FACILITY ESTIMATES, CATEGORIES I-V

     The reliability of the cost estimates is dependent upon many
factors.  Highly accurate cost data can only be obtained if treatment
facilities have been planned and designed adequately to meet projected
water quality requirements.  Also, cost estimation is related to the
ability to discern  "historical" cost trends based upon actual  treatment
plant cost experience.  Accordingly, EPA studied a large number of
wastewater treatment plants employing a variety of treatment technologies.
Using these data, EPA developed cost estimating procedures which were
used in the cost estimation process when better quality data were not
available.

     Actual recent cost experience was studied in sewer construction and
installation as well.  EPA developed cost estimating procedures and
rules of thumb for pipe costs when better data were not available.

     Supplementary to EPA supplied treatment and pipe cost estimating
procedures, differences in local construction costs were recognized by
the provision of cost multipliers for each area of the United States.
One multiplier was  used when estimating treatment costs in each of
fifty-one areas, and the second multiplier was used for sewers in each
of thirty areas.

     The cost estimates for Categories I, II and IVB (treatment plants
and interceptors) are considered most accurate because of the many years
of experience with  these types of construction costs.  Also, facilities
in these Categories have been subjected to the most rigorous planning
requirements.
                                    15

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     The cost estimates for Categories IIIA,  IIIB,  and V (infiltration/
inflow, rehabilitation and combined sewer overflow) are not considered
to be as accurate as those for the other Categories, but the estimates
are considered to have greatly improved.

     Numerous infiltration/inflow studies and rules of thumb based on
experience to date have resulted in a substantial improvement in the
Category IIIA estimates.  Estimating the repair cost of sewers which
defy routine inspection creates a weakness in Category IIIB estimates.
In addition, there are few instances nationwide where sewer replacement
is anticipated prior to actual sewer collapse, a relatively common
occurrence in older cities.

     EPA accepted needs for infiltration/inflow correction and major
sewer rehabilitation only when they could be documented by facility
plans or engineering studies.  Additional undocumented needs may exist
in many areas.  Costs of correction of infiltration/inflow, however, can
be traded off against treatment costs.  Major sewer rehabilitation may
in many cases be considered an ongoing operation and maintenance problem
as much as a capital need eligible for grants funds.

     Category IVA (new collector sewers) cost estimates have improved
since 1976.  The quality of estimates in this Category degrades quickly
as non-uniform assumptions concerning future populations are introduced.
Therefore, Category IVA needs were limited to include provision for
future populations of up to 1.5 times the 1972 population requiring new
sewers, in accordance with the rule of thumb used in the Construction
Grants Program.  Even though this limitation provides much better and
more comparable eligible requirements for new collector sewers, it
implicitly provides new collector sewer capacity for a great deal of
future growth in vacant lots and on the fringes of communities in
existence in 1972.  Careful and detailed analysis of local conditions,
as required in the facility planning process, would likely reduce the
collector sewers eligible for construction grants below what was reported
in the 1978 Survey.  For this reason, the estimates in Category IVA, are
still considered high.

     For Category V (control of combined sewer overflow), estimates are
difficult to make due to the variations in the size, number and frequency
of combined sewer overflows, the characteristics of the receiving waters,
and many other factors.  A substantial amount of study and research has
been conducted on how much and what type of control of combined sewer
overflow are required under varying conditions.  In addition, the Agency
constructed a complete inventory of combined sewer areas in the United
States which provided more accurate data about each combined sewer area
and its receiving waters. The results of this work were incorporated in
the model used in estimating needs for Category V, and the reported
                                     16

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costs are considered more comparable and reliable than in 1976.  Several
major improvements were made to the model, including a continous rainfall
simulation and the establishment of wet-weather water quality criteria,
which traditionally have not been available.  The shortcoming of this
approach was that in many cases, important physical data about local
conditions such as the number and location of overflow points and
receiving water characteristics, were not available in national studies
or data files, and therefore were estimated using a rule of thumb based
on experience.  The results, therefore, are not considered highly accurate
for individual cities, although the State and national estimates are
considered of good quality.

     An important consideration for the entire discussion of the quality
of cost estimates is the substantial -upgrading of the quality of technical
data supporting costs in this Survey, compared to prior Surveys.  These
data are significantly improved and are being published concurrently
with this report.  The reasons for this improvement are the work of the
contractors, and the existence of many new planning documents not previously
completed.

     Based on the data collected in the 1978 inventory of combined sewer
areas, facility plans have  been completed for communities with 21 percent
of the Nation's combined sewer acreage.  Some fraction of these plans,
however, may address only the dry weather component of the water pollution
problem.

VI.  QUALITY OF CATEGORY VI ESTIMATES

     For Category VI (control of stormwater), the cost estimating methods
are tentative at best.  EPA estimates are based on a uniform methodology
which incorporates the latest thinking in the field.  The state of the
art for control of stormwater is not nearly as advanced as that for
dealing with combined sewer overflow.  Although further research may
indicate different approaches with substantially different costs are
more appropriate than those utilized for the 1976 and 1978 Surveys, the
1976 and 1978 results are considered a much better approximation of
stormwater pollution control costs than previous estimates.


VII. CONCLUSIONS

     The 1978 Needs Survey  is the best estimate available of the nationwide
costs of compliance with the goals of the Clean Water Act of 1977.  It
is clear from the 1978 Needs Survey that in order to meet the water
quality goals of the Act, a substantial amount of public monies will be
required.  For the second time in a Needs Survey, the effects of the
public funds spent to date are noticeable in Categories I, II and IV.
                                     17

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VIII.  FUTURE NEEDS SURVEYS

     Because of the lead time required, planning for the 1980 Needs
Survey is already in the formative stages.   Our assessment is that the
1980 Needs Survey will require a smaller field effort than prior surveys,
and will become a more continuous process than the condensed field
estimation period required by prior Surveys.
                                    18

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                              APPENDIX A

                         CONDUCT OF THE SURVEY

I.    CATEGORIES I-IV (Treatment Plants and Sewers)

     A.   Background

          Drawing on the experience of prior Surveys, EPA and the States
     formed a working group to determine the strategy for the conduct of
     the 1978 Survey.  Several Survey goals were identified by the
     group:

          1.  That the Survey identify and quantify all  needs.

          2.  That the conduct of the Survey be nationally uniform.

          3.  That the utilization of scarce State personnel  and
              dollar resources for the Survey be minimized.

          4.  That a complete inventory of municipal  wastewater
              facilities be compiled.

          The Survey approach taken for Categories I-IV  (treatment
     plants and sewers) as a result of these recommendations  was:

          1.  An independent consultant, paid by EPA, would conduct  the
          Survey on a facility-by-facility basis for  Categories I-IV.
          The consultant's personnel  were to be based in EPA  regional
          offices, but would visit State and local offices as required
          to formulate cost estimates.  The engineering  firm  of Dames
          and Moore, with Headquarters in Los Angeles, California, and
          company resources sufficient for this large effort, was
          competitively selected.

          2.  Survey guidance and methodology were formulated for
          Categories I-IV in draft, and circulated to all  parties
          involved in the Survey.  State comments were solicited,  and
          final guidance was issued which reflected those comments.

          3.  While national uniformity of estimating procedures was a
          Survey goal, the cost and construction differences  inherent  to
          various sections of the country were recognized and accommodated.
                                A-l

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     The formal Survey of Categories I-IV began with orientation
meetings conducted in EPA regional offices where logistics, target
dates, and individual State problems were discussed and resolved.
States were asked only to provide as much investment in personnel
for the Survey as they considered prudent; but were invited to
participate fully in the formal Survey field work.

     The Survey field work was conducted in the spring, summer, and
fall of 1978.  At the same time work on Categories V and VI was
undertaken by a second consultant, Black, Crow, and Eidsness (now
a part of CH2M Hill).

     As estimates for Categories I-IV were completed, copies of the
estimates were reviewed by States on a facility-by-facility basis.
When cost agreement between EPA and State personnel could not be
reached, separate estimates were submitted by States and have been
included in this report.

     Facility estimates were reviewed and accepted and/or approved
at four levels: 1) contractor, 2) EPA Regional Office, 3) State,
and 4) EPA Headquarters.

     After machine preparation, data for Categories I-IV were
summarized for this report.

B.  Survey Methodology - Operational Guidance for Categories I-IV

     Participant guidance for the Survey was formulated by EPA, the
States, and the consultant working closely together.  This document
included the following subjects:

     1.  Responsibilities of the participants.

     2.  Target dates for project milestones including the calendar
     for the Survey and the consultant's contractual obligations.

     3.  Descriptions of all data sources to be provided to participants
     to aid in completion of the Survey.

     4.  Briefing schedules for the participants.

     5.  Provisions for State and Regional review of consultants
     data prior to finalization.
                            A-2

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     6.   Definitions of terms for needs purposes.   Standards were
     established for definitions of secondary treatment, design
     year, units of measurement, cost estimating,  basis of cost
     estimate, design flows, and infiltration/inflow reporting.

     7.   Specific guidelines for completing Survey forms.

     8.   EPA adjustments to the 1976 Needs data base prior to its
     use as a starting point in 1978.

     9.   Cost estimating procedures to be used when more reliable
     local procedures were not available.  These included  estimating
     procedures for treatment costs and new sewers, with factors
     provided for determination of cost variation  in any of fifty-
     one areas in the vicinity of major cities in  the United States.

     10. Interceptor sewer sizing tables.

     As  a result of meetings and other communications with all
the States, the guidance was supplemented by request to include:

     1.   "Rules of Thumb" for estimating needs based on best
     engineering judgment.  All of the participants understood  that
     rules of thumb would be used only when better information  was
     not available. Examples are:

          a.  Per capita domestic and commercial flows were allowed
     consistent with the cost effective regulations.

          b.  Collector and interceptor lengths were limited to
     sixteen feet and one foot per capita, respectively, of unsewered
     population.

     2.   A procedure for designating the basis of  cost estimates.

     3.   Additional cost data, showing national capital  costs for:

          a.  chlorination facilities

          b.  pumping stations

          c.  filtration systems

          d.  aerated lagoons and waste stabilization ponds

          e.  phosphorus removal
                        A-3

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     4.   Procedures for estimating backlog needs for all Categories.
     5.   Instructions for reconciliation of populations.
     6.   Guidance for estimation of collector sewer costs.
     7.   Information on grant eligibilities for land costs.
     8.   Guidance for estimation of I/I analysis costs.
     9.   Small and individual treatment systems.
C.  Basis of Cost Estimate for Categories I-IV
     All individual cost estimates made in Categories I-IV of the
Survey were to be accompanied with a basis of cost estimate, so
that the quality of the estimate can be better determined.  EPA has
determined that the quality of cost estimates can be ranked from
high to low as follows:
     1.   Engineer/Consultant Firm Estimate
     2.   Engineer/Consultant Preliminary Estimate
     3.   Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
     4.   Cost of Previous Comparable Construction
     5.   EPA Supplied Cost Estimating Procedures
     6.   Rough Estimates
     Table 44 shows the percent of State needs reported by basis
of estimate.  Table 45 shows the relative quality of estimates by
Needs Survey Category.  Note that three bases of estimate (State
Certification, Analysis Completed, and Evaluation Survey Completed),
refer to Category III  (infiltration/inflow correction and major
sewer rehabilitation) needs only, and have no application to other
Categories.
     These tables show that the quality of the cost estimates made
in the 1978 Survey is substantially higher than in 1976, when
27 percent of needs used rough estimates or no basis of estimate.
                         A-4

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D.  Data Sources for Categories I-IV
     1. The types of data needed in the Survey and the sources
     used to access these data were many.  The major types of data
     used were:
          a.  population (year 2000 and present)
          b.  total flow (average, current design and projected
              year 2000 design)
          c.  industrial flow (average, current design and projected
              year 2000 design)
          d.  biological oxygen demand and suspended solids con-
              centrations (average, current design and
              projected 2000 design)
          e.  nitrogen and phosphorus removal requirements (average,
              current design and projected 2000 design)
          f.  treatment methods
          g.  sludge handling and treatment methods
          h.  level of treatment required
     2.  The sources of these data were:
          a.  1976 Needs Survey data
          b.  NPDES Applications and Permits
          c.  Grant Application files
          d.  Grant Files and Grant Information Control System Data
          e.  Regional and/or Basin Plans (201, 208 and 303 plans)
          f.  Other Engineering Plans or Reports
          g.  State Water Quality Standards.
                           A-5

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     E.   Survey  Preparation

         The  1978  Survey  form was  generated  by  computer  showing  the
     1976 Data of Record for  each facility.   Once  the  revised  cost
     estimates were recorded  on  Survey  forms  for each  facility, copies
     of  the  completed  forms were provided  for all  parties  participating
     in  the  Survey, primarily for State review and revision.   The forms
     were then used to record the updated  1978 Needs Survey  figures.

         Census data  for  1977 and  BEA  2000 population projections  were
     used as State  ceilings.  State  population totals were  not  permitted
     to  exceed these ceilings.

         As burvey forms  were completed,  they were double checked  by
     EPA for the accuracy  of  the data collected  and submitted.  Each
     State was then given  the opportunity  to  review and comment upon the
     revised data shown on Survey forms, and  to  review the total  cost
     estimates for  the State.

         Where  differences over cost estimates  were not resolved,
     States  submitted  independent cost  estimates on the form.  Few
     independent State estimates were required.


II.    CATEGORIES V-VI  (Control of Combined Sewer Overflow  and  Stormwater)

     A.   Background

         Category  V and VI estimates were derived from a  computer  cost
     model  as  in the 1976  Needs  Survey  with two  significant  improvements
     which were:

         1.  Substantial  upgrading of  the model to reflect  the current
              state of the art.

         2.  Compilation  of  a complete inventory  of combined  sewer
              areas.

         The  consultant firm of Black, Crow  and Eidsness  was  competi-
     tively  hired  to upgrade  the model  for Categories  V &  VI.  Dames &
     Moore was given the task of compiling the inventory  of  combined
     sewer  areas.

         Information  collected  for the inventory  included:

         1.  Location

         2.  Sewer system characteristics

         3.  Receiving water characteristics

         4.  Status of CSO correction  planning
                               A-6

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     Sources of data for this information were:

     1.  State and local engineering reports

     2.  United States Geological Survey

     3.  National Combined Sewer System Data File
     Data collection and model upgrading and analyses for Categories
V & VI were conducted concurrently with the work for Categories I-
IV.

     In November, 1978, a draft of the results of the Category V &
VI work was mailed to States with a request for review.  Substantial
changes were made to the model and the data base as a result of
comments from the States.

B.  Survey Methodology for Category V (Combined Sewer Overflow)

     The methodology for estimating the cost to control combined
sewer overflow to prevent periodic bypassing of untreated wastes
from combined sewers was based on eight major factors.  These
factors were studied in fifteen cities in the United States selected
because of their diverse wet weather conditions and the availability
of good data.  Data generated by the fifteen site studies were used
to develop an estimate of the time water quality criteria would be
violated.  The estimate is based on a model which included all
sources of pollution during dry and wet weather, and flow, quality,
and reaeration capacity of the receiving water.

     Similarly, data generated by the fifteen site studies were
also used to determine the lowest cost combination of stormwater
and combined sewer overflow control to meet receiving water criteria.

     Further, from data generated by the fifteen site studies, an
optimum mix of pollutant control technologies was developed for
combined and separate or non-sewered areas for a range of required
BOD and suspended solids removal efficiencies.

     These relationships were applied to each of the 320 urbanized
areas, or State portions of urbanized areas.  These relationships
were also applied to the combined sewer areas outside of urbanized
areas utilizing State average data for some variables where necessary.
In total, 1143 combined sewer areas were studied.
                         A-7

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     The eight major factors which affect Category V costs are as
follows:

     1.  Pollutants to be Controlled.

          The pollutants for which reasonable estimates of pollutant
     washoff and receiving water impact may be developed include:
     suspended solids, carbonaceous BOD, nitrogenous BOD, total
     phosphorus (for lakes), and fecal coliforms.   For other materials
     such as pesticides or heavy metals not enough is known about
     their occurrence in the urban system to evaluate potential
     impacts.

     2.  Water Quality Criteria.

          The water quality criteria applied to delineate the
     assimilative capacity of a receiving water are as follows:

     a.  Suspended solids.

          The mean value of suspended solids concentration discharged
     to the receiving water from urban stormwater and combined
     sewer overflow sources should not exceed the mean value of the
     natural background suspended solids concentration for the
     subject receiving water on an annual basis. This criteria
     applies except in cases where the allowable mean value of
     suspended solids concentration is less than 25 mg/1.  In this
     case a discharge limit of 25 mg/1 shall apply.

     b.  Dissolved oxygen.

          The minimum receiving water dissolved oxygen concentration
     shall not average less than 2.0 mg/1 for more than 4 consecutive
     hours; nor shall the minimum receiving water dissolved oxygen
     concentration average less than 3.0 mg/1 for more than 72
     consecutive hours (3 days).  In addition, the annual average
     receiving water dissolved oxygen concentration shall be greater
     than 5.0 mg/1 for all waters which will support warm water
     species and shall be greater than 6.0 mg/1 for all waters
     which will support cold water species.

     c.  Dissolved lead.

          The mean in-stream 96 hour (time averaged) dissolved lead
     concentration should not exceed 0.330 mg/1.  The long term
     mean in-stream dissolved lead concentration should not exceed
     0.010 mg/1 in soft waters (hardness less than 100 mg/1) or
     0.025 mg/1 in hard waters (hardness greater than 100 mg/1.)
                            A-8

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d.  Phosphorus.

     Average annual lake phosphorus concentration should not
exceed 0.025 mg/1.

e.  Fecal coliforms

     Two untreated overflow events per year shall not be
exceeded
3.  Cost of Alternative Technologies.

     An optimum combination of control technologies is cal-
culated for each combined sewer area.  Streetsweeping and
combined sewer flushing are employed at all treatment levels
after calculation of the optimum level of efforts for these
management practices.  If these levels of removal are insuffi-
cient to satisfy the total required removal, the remainder
must be removed by a storage/treatment system.  The optimum
treatment level, (see Tables A-l and A-2) is a function of the
removal required from the storage/treatment system, the pol-
lutant type (BOD or suspended solids) and the sewer system
type (separate or combined).  After the optimum treatment
level is selected, the optimum combination of storage volume
and treatment rate is calculated.

4.  Pollutant Sources from Dry Weather Flows.

     The pollutant loadings from municipal dry weather sources
are assumed to meet 1983 secondary treatment requirements. It
is assumed that each population equivalent contributes the
following:

     a.  BOD  =  3U mg/1
         SS   -  30 mg/1
         TKN  =  28 mg/1
         Pb   =  0.04 mg/1

     b.  100 gallons per capita of wastewater per day

5.  Pollutant Loads from Wet Weather Sources.

     It was assummed that oxygen-demanding materials (i.e. BOD
and TKN) will reach maximum accumulation in fifteen days and
that non-oxygen demanding material (i.e. suspended solids and
lead) accumulate in a linear fashion.  Pollutant accumulation
rates were calculated from the Stormwater Management Model
Level 1 equations.
                       A-9

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6.  Tolerance of Aquatic Species

     The receiving water quality criteria established for the
Survey take into account the pollution tolerance of aquatic
species.  These tolerances were considered for both short-term
and long-term exposure to pollutants.

     For additional bacteriological cleanup in combined sewer
overflow and urban runoff beyond that required for protection
of fish and wildlife, the storage capacity and the treatment
rate were increased so that the number of overflow events were
limited to two per year, which is comparable to allowable
violation standards for dry weather.

7.  Pollutant Control Levels Required

     Each combined sewer area has differing receiving water
characteristics which affect pollution control costs sub-
stantially.  The degree to which pollutant control is required
is a function of the overall assimilative stream capacity
resulting from the receiving water characteristics.

     The factors which led to the determination of required
control levels in each combined sewer area are the upstream
flow and quality, the combined sewer overflow, urban storm
runoff, the wastewater treatment plant effluent quality, and
the receiving water flow.

8.  Types and Costs of Alternatives Necessary to meet Receiving
    Water Criteria

     Table A-l below shows the nationwide distribution of
combined sewer overflow treatment levels required to meet the
recreational water quality criteria described, while taking
into account both the annual and short-term assimilative
capacity of the receiving waters.  This table does not show
the treatment levels required in combined sewer areas outside
of urbanized areas.

C.  Survey Methodology Category VI (Stormwater Control).

     The methodology for estimating the cost to provide control
and/or treatment of urban stormwater runoff channeled through
sewers or other conveyances used only for such runoff is based
on the same eight major factors and fifteen site studies as
the Category V cost estimation methodology.
                      A-10

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          The cost estimates by State (and Territory)  are based on
     regulations for the application of the NPDES Permit Program for
     separate storm sewers which were published in the Federal  Register
     of March 18, 1976.   In these regulations, the term "separate storm
     sewer"  is defined as "a conveyance or system of conveyances .  .  .
     located in an urbanized area and primarily operated for the purpose
     of collecting and conveying stormwater runoff." In accordance with
     this guideline, the geographical areas which require control  and/or
     treatment of stormwater runoff are urbanized areas of the  Nation as
     defined by the U.S. Bureau of Census.   The specific criteria for
     the delineation of an urbanized area is as follows:

          1.  A central  city of 50,000 inhabitants or  more, or  twin
     cities  with a combined population of at least 50,000, and  with the
     smaller of the twin cities having a population of at least 15,000;
     and

          2.  Surrounding closely settled territory.

          The eight major factors which affect Category VI cost estimates
     are the same as for Category V, except that sewer flushing was
     eliminated as an alternative technology.

     Table A-2 below snows the nationwide distribution of combined sewer
overflow treatment levels required to meet the dissolved water  quality
criteria described, while taking into account both the annual and short
term assimilative capacity of the receiving waters.
                                 A-ll

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                                               TABLE A-l

                         TREATMENT LEVEL REQUIRED FOR RECREATION  PROTECTION

                                      IN COMBINED SEWER AREAS*

                                                  CAPITAL  COST
                                                  IN  MILLIONS           AREA
     TREATMENT LEVEL                              OF  1978  $           IN  ACRES         POPULATION

1 = STORAGE                                            -0-                -0-              -0-

2 = 1 + MICROSCREEN                                     514             68,191            620,184

3=2+ SEDIMENTATION - FLOCCULATION                  6,738             817,148          9,302,403

4=3+ HIGH RATE FILTRATION                          4,859             534,465         12,814,696

5=4+ DISSOLVED AIR FLOTATION                       5,844             527,362         10,978.767
                                                     17,955           1,947,166         33,716,050


*IN URBANIZED AREAS ONLY

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                                                    TABLE A-2

                              TREATMENT LEVEL REQUIRED FOR RECREATION PROTECTION

                              IN STORM SEWERED AND NON-SEWERED AREAS* YEAR 2000*

                                                        CAPITAL COST
                                                        IN  MILLIONS          AREA
          TREATMENT LEVEL                               OF  1978  $         IN ACRES        POPULATION

     1 = STORAGE                                             -0-               -0-             -0-

     2 = 1 + MICROSCREEN                                   18,601           12,309,494        41,385,274
3=>
    3=2+ SEDIMENTATION - FLOCCULATION                   7,895           4,193,103        14,702,036

     4=3+ HIGH RATE FILTRATION                          35,174          15,741,459        74,340,124

     5=4+ DISSOLVED AIR FLOTATION                         -0-               -0-             -0-

                                                           61,670          32,244,056       130,427,434

     *IN URBANIZED AREAS ONLY

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                              Appendix B

                Reasons for Independent State Estimates
                            Categories I-VI


     Prior to finalization of estimates, all Survey forms were sent to
States for review and comment.  States were encouraged to provide as
much input as possible to secure the best available estimates.  Where
EPA and State estimates differed, an attempt was made to resolve the
differences.  To secure the most accurate and nationally consistent cost
estimates, adherence to the Survey guidelines and rules of thumb as
formulated by the EPA/State Needs Survey Working Group was enforced.
Where agreement on specific estimates could not be reached between EPA
and State personnel, separate estimates were submitted by States.

     Of approximately 155,000 possible estimates, 1,267 separate estimates
representing 758 Survey forms were submitted by States.  Most of these
estimates were based on State-developed cost curves or State population
projections exceeding allowable ceilings.  Other reasons for separate
estimates include disagreement on allocation of dollars between Categories
I-IV versus Category V, inclusion of ineligible facilities, and differing
inflation factors.

     The State of California submitted an independent estimate for
Category V of $1,186,676,000 for control of pollution from combined
sewer overflows.  The EPA estimate, before adjustment for $125,000,000
of met needs, is $272,621,000.  On a per acre of combined sewer area
basis the State and EPA estimates respectively are 31,146 $/acre and
7,155 $/acre.  For comparison purposes, the national  average cost estimated
by EPA to control pollution from combined sewer overflows is $10,752 per
acre.  The estimate presented by the State of California is approximately
three times this national average cost. Most of this  difference is due
to the cost estimates for the city of San Francisco.

     The differences between the EPA and State estimate for San Francisco
result largely from different assumptions on appropriate control  techno-
logy, in particular the optimal mix of storage and treatment capacity.
EPA's estimate is derived from the model which is based on an intensive
analysis of available research and other information  on control technologies
and the 15 site studies.

     The model provides the advantage of producing needs estimates which
are comparable among the States and based on reasonable and common
assumptions.  It is unlikely to provide the same answer in every city as
would detailed facility planning.  We understand, however, that San
Francisco and the State of California have been considering revisions
which would bring their current estimate of needs for San Francisco
closer to the EPA estimate.
                                B-l

-------
     Given the objective of achieving comparable estimates among the
States and the uncertainty of the State and local estimates for San
Francisco, EPA has reported California's estimate as an independent
State estimate but not as an EPA estimate.

     The State of Vermont submitted an independent estimate for Category VI
amounting to $30,824,000 for control of pollution from stormwater in
fourteen communities.  The EPA estimate is  zero because the Needs Survey
for Category VI covers only "census-defined urbanized areas," Vermont
has no "census-defined urbanized areas."  Regulations for the application
of the NPDES Program to separate storm sewers were published in the
Federal Register of March 18, 1976.  This document and the permit program
it established were utilized to determine the areas requiring needs in
Category VI.  The regulations defined the term separate storm sewer as a
"a conveyance or system of conveyances ...  located in an urbanized area
and primarily operated for the purpose of collecting and conveying
stormwater runoff."

     The NPDES permit issuing authority may designate other storm sewers
as being significant contributors of pollution and thus subject to these
regulations.  In absence of specific designation, stormwater needs are
estimated for census-defined urbanized areas only.

     However, this restriction is under active discussion in EPA, and
may be subject to regulatory change allowing a more liberal interpretation
of storm sewers in the future.
                                 B-2

-------
                              APPENDIX C

                             SUMMARY TABLES
     Cost data from the 1978 Needs Survey are presented  in  summary
tables included in this Appendix.   The following  tables  show costs
by State and U. S. totals:
     Table 1    -

     Table 2   -

     Table 3   -


     Table 4   -


     Table 5   -


     Table 6   -


     Table 7   -


     Table 8   -


     Table 9   -


     Table 10  -


     Table 11  -


     Table 12  -


     Table 13  -


     Table 14  -
EPA Assessments of Needs by Category.

Independent State Estimates of Needs by Category.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments,
Categories I-V.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Treatment Plants, Categories I and II.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Categories I, II, and IVB.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category I.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category II.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category IIIA.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category 11 IB.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category IVA.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category IVB.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category V.

Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Assessments  for
Category VI.

Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Categories I-V.
                                C-l

-------
Table 15  -

Table 16  -

Table 17  -

Table 18  -

Table 19  -

Table 20  -

Table 21  -

Table 22  -

Table 23  -

Table 24  -

Table 25  -

Table 26  -

Table 27  -

Table 28  -

Table 29  -

Table 30  -
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Categories I, II,  and IVB.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category I.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category II.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category IIIA.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category IIIB.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category IVA.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category IVB.
Per Capita Costs for year 2000 and Present
Population, Category V.
Comparison of 1978 and 1976 EPA Per Capita Assessments,
Categories I-V.
Comparison of 1978 EPA Assessments with  State
Estimates for Categories  I-V.
Comparison of Per Capita  Differences Between the
EPA and State Estimates,  Categories I-V.
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Categories I and II.
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Categories I, II, and IVB.
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category I
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category II.
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category IIIA.
                            C-2

-------
Table 31  -


Table 32  -


Table 33  -


Table 34  -


Table 35  -


Table 36  -


Table 37  -


Table 38  -


Table 39  -


Table 40  -

Table 41  -


Table 42  -

Table 43  -


Table 44  -

Table 45  -
Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category IIIB.

Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category IVA.

Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category IVB.

Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category V.

Comparison of 1978 EPA and State Estimates,
Category VI.

Needs for Current Populations (Backlog),
Categories I-VI.

Comparison of Year 2000 and Backlog Needs,
Categories I-V.

Comparison of Year 2000 and Backlog Needs,
Categories I and II.

Comparison of Year 2000 and Backlog Needs,
Categories I, II, and IVB.

Per Capita Backlog of Needs, Categories  I-V.

Per Capita Backlog of Needs,
Categories I, II, and IVB.

Number of EPA Assessments by Category

Number of State Cost Estimates Differing  from
EPA Estimates

Percent of State Meeds by Basis of Cost  Estimate

Percent of National Needs by Basis of Cost Estimate
                           C-3

-------
                                                                                                       FEBRUARY  10, 1979
                                                                                                       TABLE  1
                                                         1978  NEEDS SURVEY
                         EPA  ASSESSMENTS  FOR  CONSTRUCTION DF PUBL1CLY-OHNED HASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                                      MILLIONS OF 1978 DOLLARS
                            TOTAL
                                                        CATEGORIES _I_IUBU_i_

                                                       II       III A       III B
                                                                                          IV A
                                                                                                      IV  B
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
HIST. OF CQLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEH MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RJCO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS               106,153      15,390      20,507

NOTE: SUM OF ENTRIES MAY  NOT EBUAL TOTALS DUE TO RDUND-OFFS
947
515
512
501
8,041
948
1 ,383
389
186
4,976
1,755
859
446
4,105
4,205
1,096
1,103
2,085
1,136
1,638
2,910
3,426
4,485
1,347
774
2,535
125
317
260
1,154
4,196
158
14,156
1,657
B2
6,777
572
1,536
5,358
945
840
207
1,757
3,110
399
460
2,008
2,761
1,845
1,797
75
57
44
56
977
90
44
150
333
182
65
2,691
236
207
0
0
468
126
330
79
86
46
181
294
84
405
121
20
776
171
12
55
779
37
159
65
197
924
62
2,393
149
48
86
33
21
506
144
158
43
168
4
6
4*
439
590
271
100
49
22
38
17
336
41
16
195
5
9
171
1,979
316
139
94
15
1,405
541
11
98
1,293
536
316
123
373
57
22
843
250
976
705
260
23
6
2
121
95
866
20
1,291
456
0
1,656
212
403
1,132
96
63
99
387
1,214
230
85
328
192
113
636
3
0
1
0
20
0
0
66
30
1
29
75
10
31
2
0
70
78
0
14
144
36
BO
48
Tt
45
13
7
3
43
28
98
59
2
1
1
6
137
0
103
67
0
256
36
51
10
10
51
3
124
21*
40
2
11
83
1
75
7
0
0
0
14
0
0
2
0
0
2
84
90
18
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
15
0
16
0
12
14
1,347
61
32
12
0
7
1
0
0
16
1
1
2,762
0
1
8
20
38
0
2
0
1
0
67
0
10
1
60
0
143
0
1
0
0
9
0
0
331
40
118
134
1,415
28
405
41
0
1,560
378
198
112
162
338
123
121
575
320
220
221
754
987
153
157
228
23
32
3B
269
655
42
2,436
479
3
683
139
287
982
260
314
5
512
566
61
77
43B
460
514
269
1
9
0
17
257
32
11
180
95
199
99
1,627
266
182
120
0
1,462
410
319
84
282
311
201
289
385
294
154
323
543
671
247
168
67B
20
50
33
295
601
32
1,863
438
14
825
129
301
529
100
251
29
365
1,002
57
31
515
481
189
301
9
23
3
21
320
15
16
0
9
0
0
167
0
398
128
170
8
218
0
57
2,131
2,920
192
209
592
0
1,092
147
1 ,036
1,602
187
33
757
33
70
0
272
1,009
0
3,305
67
13
3,261
0
431
2,198
329
0
24
198
39
2
2 OP
272
893
754
268
3
0
0
0
19
0
0
2,437
            4,877
                       19,022
                                    IB,474
                                                25,742

-------
                                                                                                      FEBRUARY  lOi  1979
                                                                                                      TABLE  2
                                                        1978  NEEDS SURVEY
                         STATE ESTIMATES FDR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED WASTEHATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                                     MILLIONS OF 1978 DOLLARS
                                                       CATEGORIES _I_LHEU_X_
                           TOTAL
                                                       II
                                                               III A
                                                                           III 6
                                                                                         IV A
                                                                                                    IV B
ALABAHA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
OIST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAMAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXiS
UIAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST V1RGIMA
WISCONSIN
WYOKING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAK
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TKRR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS               109,087       15,17*       21,779

NOTE: SUM OF ENTRIES MAY  NOT EOUAL.  TOTALS  DUE  TO  RQUND-OFFS
947
515
512
501
9,060
948
1,383
390
196
4,976
1,755
B59
446
4,224
4,205
1,096
1,103
2,085
1,136
1,638
3,059
3,426
4,639
1,351
774
2,535
125
317
282
1,154
4,196
158
15,146
1.657
82
6,777
572
1,536
5,391
945
840
212
1,757
3,110
399
461
2,008
2,848
1.846
2,123
75
57
44
56
987
90
44
150
333
182
65
2,691
236
207
0
0
468
126
330
79
86
46
181
294
84
405
121
21
776
173
16
55
779
37
159
76
197
924
62
2,432
149
48
86
33
21
52B
144
158
44
168
4
6
44
439
590
271
98
49
22
38
17
339
41
16
195
5
9
171
1,979
316
139
94
15
1,405
541
11
98
1,411
536
316
123
373
57
22
926
250
1,043
705
260
23
6
2
121
95
866
20
2,024
456
0
1,656
212
403
1,137
96
63
99
387
1,214
230
86
328
192
113
900
3
0
1
0
20
0
0
86
30
1
29
75
10
31
2
0
70
78
0
14
144
36
80
48
74
45
13
7
3
69
28
98
59
2
1
I
6
137
0
108
67
0
256
36
51
10
10
51
3
124
214
40
2
11
170
2
78
7
a
0
0
14
0
0
2
0
0
2
84
90
18
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
15
0
16
0
12
14
1,347
61
81
12
0
7
1
0
0
16
1
1
2,762
0
1
B
20
38
0
2
0
1
0
67
0
10
1
60
0
159
0
1
0
0
9
0
0
331
40
118
134
1,415
28
405
41
0
1,560
378
198
112
162
338
123
121
575
320
220
223
754
993
153
157
2 26
23
32
3B
269
655
42
2,576
479
3
683
139
287
985
260
314
8
512
566
61
77
438
460
514
282
1
9
0
17
257
32
11
180
95
199
99
1,627
266
182
121
0
1.462
410
319
84
283
311
201
289
385
294
154
395
543
676
247
168
67B
20
50
44
295
601
32
1,936
438
14
825
129
301
532
100
251
31
365
1.002
57
31
515
4B1
189
335
9
23
3
21
326
15
16
0
9
0
0
1.186
0
39B
128
170
8
218
0
57
2,131
2.920
192
209
592
0
1,092
147
1,036
1.602
187
33
757
33
70
0
272
1.009
0
3,305
67
13
3,261
0
431
2,198
329
0
24
198
39
2
208
272
893
75*
268
3
0
0
0
19
0
0
2,557
            4,941
                       19,189
                                   18,683
                                               26,761

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 1O, 1979
                                                                                             TABLE 3
                                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                       FDR CONSTRUCTION DF PUBLICtY-OMNED tIASTEHATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                             CATEGORIES l_IUBQUH_i
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I OKA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEK HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEK MEXICO
NEK YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
983,473
371,875
520,932
588,251
6,298.173
792,199
1.446,461
306,628
257,928
4,233,437
1,857,904
855,026
496,504
6,095,555
3,594.601
1.176.748
771,395
1.457,536
803,257
1,093,149
3,309,029
3.862,888
5,831,375
1,829,455
852,366
2,942,420
144,158
465,497
301,300
1,183,108
3,695,315
168,476
16,488,269
1,378,404
83,265
9,170,306
587,124
1,570,773
4,324,092
621,190
1,087,405
156,371
1,453,449
3,197,223
307,145
441,731
1,798,570
2,271,194
2,481,475
2,245,665
76,494
68,090
81,338
C
1,046,376
170,644
52,032
0.515. 	
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
947,377
515,777
512,875
501,930
8,041,449
948,828
1,383,067
389,310
186,077
4,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,643
4,105,836
4,205,646
1,096,588
1,103,188
2,085,385
1,136,873
1,638.839
,2,910,164
3,426,945
4,485,332
1,347,694
774,969
2,535,324
125,986
317,681
260,076
1,154,711
4,196,374
156,752
14,156,469
1,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1,536,102
5,358,454
945,772
840,375
207,041
1,757,853
3,110,742
399,396
460,989
2,008,651
2t 761, 303
1,845,897
1,797,595
75,094
57,318
44,668
56,322
977,206
90,287
44,120


CHANGE
-36,096
+143,902
-8,057
-86,321
+1,743,276
+156,629
-63,394
+82,682
-71,851
+743,090
-101,909
+4,150
-49,861
-1.989,719
+611,045
-80,160
+331,793
+627,849
+333,606
+545,690
-398,865
-435,943
-1,346,043
-481,761
-77,397
-407,096
-18,172
-147,816
-41,222
-28,397
+501,059
-9,724
-2,331,800
+279,571
-913
-1,392,357
-15,023
-34,671
+1,034,362
+124,582
-247,030
+50,670
+304,404
-86,481
+92,251
+ 19,258
+210,031
+490,109
-635,578
-445,070
-1,400
-10,772
-36,430
+56,322
-69,170
-80,357
-7,912

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
0.9027
0.3413
0.4781
0.5399
5.7810
0.7271
1.3276
0.2814
0.2367
3.8858
1 . 7053
0.7848
0.4557
5.5950
3.2994
1.0801
0.7080
1.3378
0.7373
1.0033
3.0373
3.5457
5.3525
1.6792
0.7823
2.7008
0.1323
0.4272
0.2765
1.0859
3.3919
0.1546
15.1344
1.2652
0.0764
7.4994
0.5389
1.4418
3.9690
0.7537
0.9981
0.1435
1.3341
2.9347
0.2819
0.4054
1.6508
2.0847
2.2777
2.0612
0.0702
0.0624
0.0746
0.0000
0.9604
0.1566
0.0477
MJAGF OF NA.X.IQJ
I97B EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.8924
0.4858
0.4B31
0.4728
7.5752
0.8938
1.302B
0.3667
0.1752
4.68BO
1.6542
0.8093
0.4207
3.8678
3.9618
1.0330
1.0392
1.9644
1.0709
1.5438
2.7414
3.2282
4.2253
1.2695
0.7300
2.3883
0.1186
0.2992
0.2450
1.0877
3.9531
0.1495
13.3358
1.5618
0.0775
6.3850
0.5389
1.4470
5.0478
0.8909
0.7916
0.1950
1.6559
2.9304
0.3762
0.4342
1.8922
2.6012
1.7388
1.6933
0.0707
0.0539
0.0422
0.0530
0.9205
0.0850
0.0415
 CHANGE

-0.0102
+0.1445
+0.0049
-0.0671
+1.7942
+0.1666
-0.0248
+0.0852
-0.0614
+0.6022
-0.0511
+0.0245
-0.0349
-1.7272
+0.6623
-0.0471
+0.3311
+0.6266
+0.3336
+0.5404
-0.2958
-0.3174
-1.1272
-0.4096
-0.0523
-0.3124
-0.0136
-0.1280
-0.0315
+0.0018
+0.5612
-0.0050
-1.7966
+0.2966
+0.0011
-1.1144
+0.0000
+0.0052
+1.0787
+0.1371
-0.2064
+0.0515
+0.3218
-0.0042
+0.0943
+0.0288
+0.2413
+0.5165
-0.5388
-0.3678
+0.0005
-0.0085
-0.0324
+0.0530
-0.0399
-0.0715
-0.0061
U.S.  TOTALS
                       108,945,224  106,153,617   -2,791,607
                                                                 100.0000
                                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                                     +0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                             TABLE 
-------
                                                                                              FC-BRUAKY 10,
                                                                                              1APLE S
                                                                                                           1979
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF CQLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOW4
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
HINNESQTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NFW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEK MEXICO
NEW Y3RK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHDBE  ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST  VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN  SAMOA
GUA1
MARIANAS  GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC.  TR.  TERR.
VIRGIN  ISLANDS
                                                197IJ  NECDS  SURVEY

                                     tnSTS AND  PERCENTAGE OF  NATIONAL  NtCDS
                       FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED ^ASTEWATER  TREATMENT  FACILITIES
                                           THOUSANDS OF   1978 DOLLARS
                                            CATEGORIES  I, II  AND IVB

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
671,173
288,316
401,308
388,320
4,794,269
486,024
427,993
218,513
22,439
2,822,545
1,228,091
708.B36
360,326
2,595,390
1 ,378,679
904,2*3
521,817
976,169
565,452
316,247
1,879,108
1,846,825
2,162,763
1,342,445
665,140
1,271,473
115,158
277,522
251,867
575,733
2,382,771
136,309
6,734,930
1,145,000
60,570
3,935,618
459,934
884,162
2,273,351
248,770
851,942
146,159
835,847
2,344,999
219,422
160,706
1,264,004
1,159,578
1,276,639
1,206,184
73,599
57,183
45,582
0
727,667
130,069
24,675
C.QSIS
1978 EP*
ASSESSMENT
526,726
434,801
391,988
336,032
6,299,037
618,942
528,924
215,329
15,406
3,336,469
1,078,898
661.083
262,092
1,662,739
894,090
699,896
707,336
8,43,245
757,777
298,397
1 ,186,807
1,570,084
1,819,075
966,286
485,110
1,481,430
64,776
213,216
220,165
588,907
2,391,934
114,742
5,548,236
1,043,637
63,007
2,568,231
375,263
726,586
2,167,295
342,523
473,780
172, 94B
922,396
2,222,232
295,048
161,295
1,283,539
1,263,901
574,616
1,038,760
62,823
46,684
43,266
38,330
676,612
57,504
32,702
EERCENIAGJL QE ts&IlD!

CHANGE
-144,447
+146,485
-9,320
-52,288
+ 1 ,504,768
+332,918
+100,931
-3,134
-7,033
+ 513,924
-149,193
-47,753
-98,234
-933,651
-484,539
-204,347
+185,519
-132,924
+192,295
-17,850
-692,301
-276,741
-343,638
-376,159
-180,030
+209,957
-50,332
-64,306
-31,702
+ 13,174
+9,163
-21,557
-1,186,694
-101,363
+2,437
-1,367,337
-84,641
-157,576
-106,066
+93,753
-378,162
+26,789
+86,551
-122,767
+ 75,626
+589
+19,535
+104,323
-701,993
-167,424
-10,776
-10,499
-2,316
+38,330
-51 ,055
-72,565
+8,027
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
1 .1327
0.4866
0.6773
0.6553
9.0914
0.8202
0.7223
0.3687
0.037S)
4.7637
2.0726
1.1963
0.6081
4.3820
2.3266
1.5261
0.8806
1.6475
0.9543
0.5337
3.1714
3.1169
3.6501
2.2656
1.1225
2.1459
0.1943
0.46&3
0.4250
0.9716
4.0214
0.2300
11.3667
1.9324
0.1022
6.6422
0.7761
1.4922
3.8368
0.4198
1.4378
0.2466
1.4106
3.9577
0.3703
0.2712
2.1333
1.9570
2.1545
2.0357
0.1242
0.0965
0.0769
0.0000
I .2281
0.2195
0.0416
1976 FPA
ASSESSMENT
0.9741
0.8041
0.7240
0.6214
il.64^1
1.5145
0.9781
0.3982
0.0284
6.1703
1.9952
1.2225
0.4P47
3.0749
1.6534
1.2943
1.3081
1.5594
1.4013
0.5518
2.1948
2.9036
3.3641
1.7H70
0.8971
2.7396
0.1197
0.3943
0.4071
1.0890
4.4235
0.2 121
10.2606
1.9300
0. 1165
4.7495
0.6939
1.3437
4.0080
0.6334
0.6761
0.3196
1.705R
4.1096
0.5456
0.29R2
2.3737
2.3373
1.0626
1.9210
0.1161
O.OB63
0.0800
0.0708
1.2512
0.1063
0.0604
                                                                                               L -ICil 4LS
 CHANGE

-0.15P5
+0.3175
+0.0476
-0.0338
+3.5577
+0.6943
+0.2558
+0.0295
-0.0093
+ 1.4066
-0.0773
+0.0262
-0.1233
-1.3070
-0.6733
-0.2317
+0.4276
-0.0880
+0.4470
+0.0161
-0.9765
-0.2132
-0.2859
-0.4785
-0.2253
+0.5937
-0.0745
-0.0739
-0.0178
+0.1174
+0.4021
-0.0178
-1.1060
-0.0023
+0.0143
-1.8926
-O.C821
-0.1484
+ 0.1712
+0.2136
-0.5616
+0.0732
+0.2952
+0.1519
+0.1753
+0.0270
+0.2404
+0.3803
-1.0918
-0.1146
-O.OOPO
-0.0101
+0.0031
+0.0708
+0.0231
-0.1131
+0.0168
 U.S.  TOTALS
                         59,250t919    54,072,955    -5,177,964
                                                                  100.0003
                                                                                   100.0000
                                                                                                      +0.0000

-------
                                                                                                FFE-RUARY  10,  1979
                                                                                                TABLE  6
ALASKA
AfilZOMA
AHUNSAS
CALIFORNIA
CTL.1R&D3
CTNNtCTICUT
DIST. OF C1LUM.
FLL'USA
(it [ ?G1 A
H/'.t'A I]
ILLINOIS
I NT 1 ANA
IDhi
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MA1ME
MARYLAND
M:SACHU SETTS
KIC'UGA-J
riNNESDTA
1!31SSIPPI
t-'i j.soim
MlMAM/i
Kf 3ASK4
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEK YORK
Nfif..TH CAROLINA
NOF.TH DAKOTA
OHIO
O'LAHDMS
ORE SOU
PENNSYLVANIA
RHCOF ISLAND
5GUTK CAROLINA
fPIITH DAKOTA
11KNFSSEE
7 E X A S
UT/H
VFfc 
75 , 1 5 6
2,B76,l'iO
82,793
'I*, 817
32,79
10,058
106,036
293, 22P
65,085
205,,]773
0
468, 246
126,67".
330,266
79,26,33e
lBl,77f
29^,203
81
197,9
-------
                                                                                               FEBRUARY 10t 1979
                                                                                               TABLE 7
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
[ FLAWS RE
OIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GLDRGIA
HAWAII
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
KftlMF
MAP YL4NO
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
M-V4DA
NFW HAMPSHIRE
NFh' JERSEY
NEV IE* i co
NEk YORK
NCFTH CAROLINA
NDFTH DAKOTA
GH13
OKLAHOMA
CPf GON
PFMSYLVANI.6
PhCflE  ISLAMD
SClifK CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
If XAS
UIAH
VtklONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WFbr  VIRGINIA
Kl SC3NSIN
 AffUCSN  SAMOA
 C-U/S 1
 PARIArtAS  G^QUP
 PUf9
+ 0
-1,633
+ 0
-15,53*
1
1976 EPi
EST1MATI
1.1956
0.117*
0.0272
0.9759
5.5682
1.4109
0.3006
0.**53
0.0566
5.6817
2.85*6
0.0000
0.223*
8.3*36
3.5*00
1.928*
0.1189
2.0082
0.3553
0.0768
5.6*78
1.3*97
*.235*
* .1102
1 .7*15
0.0332
0.0731
0.1136
0.5577
0.3678
3.3583
0.15*9
5.8325
2.*53*
0.0009
9.691B
1.3117
1 .*7b5
5.9102
0.3710
1 .0660
0,*08fc
1.8*67
6.*625
0.7691
0.31V3
1.****
1.1232
O.*076
1.9*92
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0899
0.0000
0.06*2
                                                                          .ERCEBI&eE_flE_BAIiailAL.-.IUIALS	
                                                                                     1976  EPA
                                                                                    ASSESSMENT          CHANGE
0.9516
0.0291
0.0
-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                             TABLE 3
                                                                                                           1979
416341*
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
D1ST. OF C3LUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOW4
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEK YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOIITH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UUH
VER10NT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
                                               1976  NEEDS SURVEY

                                      COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                                FOR CORRECTION OF INFILTRATION/INFLOW CONDITIONS
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                 CATEGORY 111 A

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
74,963
1 ,865
1,530
2*. 10*
102,819
23,190
35,526
*,320
65,888
108,306
*7,2*1
132
18,779
117,19*
228,643
63,79*
38,338
73,361
12*. 923
16,456
2*. 5*5
19,158
82,9*9
28,06*
12*,B7B
21,796
7,362
5,635
2,507
7,623
1*2,132
*,826
168, *33
65,541
322
715, *88
37,451
131,798
37,775
9,669
*3,631
5,188
59,652
203,106
*7,963
1 ,880
33,700
122,521
B.397
82,390
2,130
0
528
0
6,915
0
9B
CQ.S.IS
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
B6,(>39
30,759
1,4*9
29, B6*
75,234
10,088
31,237
2,760
0
70,96*
78,273
27
14,628
1**,613
36,491
80,305
*B,115
7*. 180
*5,8*5
13,573
7,250
3,827
*3,860
28,102
98,58*
59,83*
2.70B
1,071
1,3*0
6,819
137,65*
9fi
103,955
67,0*1
514
256,455
36,45*
51,379
10,376
10,596
51,98*
3,1*1
12*. 660
21*, 956
*0,6B9
2,260
11,360
83,47*
1,636
76,702
7,863
0
596
0
14,531
0
115


CHANGE
+11 ,676
+28,89*
-31
+5,760
-27,595
-13,102
-*,289
-1,5*0
-65,638
-37,342
+31,032
-105
-* ,1 5 1
+27,419
-192,152
+16,511
+9,777
+ 819
-79,076
-2,883
-17,295
-15,331
-39,089
+ 38
-26,29*
+38,038
-*,65*
-4,534
-1,167
-80*
-*,478
-*,72fi
-6*,* 78
+1,500
+ 192
-*59,033
-997
-80,419
-27,397
+929
+P.353
-2,0*7
+64,998
+11,850
-7,27*
+ 380
-21,840
-39,047
-fc,761
-5,638
+5,733
+ 0
+ 5B
+ 0
+7,616
+ 0
+ 17
E.LECE
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
2.1871
0.05*4
0,0**6
0.7032
2.9998
0.6766
1.0365
0.1260
1.9223
3.1599
1 .3783
0.0038
0.5*79
3.4192
6.6709
1 .8612
1.1165
2.140*
3.6**B
O.*801
0.7161
0.5589
2.*201
o.eiee
3.643*
0.6359
0.21*7
0.1635
0.0731
0.222*
*.1*69
0.1*06
*.91*2
1 .9122
0.0093
20.8753
1.0926
3.*53
1.1021
0.2621
1.2729
0.1513
1 .7*07
5.9259
1.3993
0.0548
0.9f32
3.5747
0.2*49
2.403E
0.0621
0.0000
0.0154
0.0000
0.201?
0.0000
a.oo2f
N.XAGE QE y^xio
1971 EPA
ASSESSMENT
3.554*
1.2619
0.059*
1.2252
3.0865
O.*138
1.2815
0.1 1*0
0.0000
2.9113
3.2112
0.0010
0.6001
5.9329
l.*970
3.2946
1.9739
3.0*33
1.380B
0.5568
0.297*
0.1569
1.799*
1.1529
*.0**5
2.*547
0.1110
0.0*39
0.05*9
0.2797
5.6*74
0.0040
*.26*B
2.7504
0.0210
10.521*
1.4955
2.107B
0.4257
0.4347
2.1327
0.12PB
5.114?
8.81BP
1.6693
0.0927
0.4B65
3.*2*6
0.0671
3. 1*66*
0.3225
c.ooro
0.0244
0.0000
C.5961
0.0000
0.00*7
  CHANGE

 +1.3673
 +1.2075
 + 0.01*8
 +0.5220
 +0.0867
 -0.2627
 +0.2*50
 -0.0119
 -1 .9222
 -0.2*8*
 + 1 .8329
 -0.0026
 +0.0522
 +2.5137
 -5.1738
 +1.*33*
 +0.855*
 +0.9029
 -1.7639
 +0.0767
 -O.*186
 -0.4018
 -0.6206
 +0.33*1
 +0.*011
 +1.8188
 -0.1036
 -0.1195
 -0.0181
 +0.0573
 +1.5005
 -0.1367
 -0.6*92
 +O.S3B2
 +0.0117
-10.3536
 +0.*029
 -1.737*
 -0.6763
 +0.1526
 +O.R598
 -0.022*
 +3.3736
 +2.B929
 +0.2700
 +0.0379
 -0.4966
 -0.1500
 -0.1777
 +0.7*30
 +0.260*
 +0.0000
 +0.0090
 +O.OOOC
 +0.39**
 +0.0000
 +0.0019
U.S. TOTALS
                         3,*27.*27
                                      2,*37,*52
                                                    -9*9,975
                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
                                                                                                      +0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                              TABLE 9
                                                                                                           1979
ALABAHfc
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
CPLORAOO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
CIST. OF CQLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
HP, I ME
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
N'FERASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEk  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NCRTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
C.REGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHD3E  ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
It >AS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRSINH
HASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
kISCDNSIM
HYD1ING
AMERICAN  SAMOA
CUA-1
Pf.RIAMAS  GROUP
PUE UO  RICO
PAC. TR.  TERR.
V1F.GIM  ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
                                                1978   NEEDS  SURVEY

                                      COSTS  AND  PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                              FOR  CORRECTION OF  MAJOR  REHABILITATION AND REPLACEMENT
                                            THOUSANDS  OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                  CATEGORY III B

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
2,919
76
0
0
10,613
269,937
11,398
1,667
0
7,33*
5*6
0
822
65,990
65,371
0
930
0
2,5(>3
*,228
1,282,*53
53,068
657,112
11,592
2,395
0
1,323
0
2*
*,530
31,628
690
2,869,157
0
1,5*2
*05,99B
1*,532
39,571
0
227
0
171
0
70,225
0
6,651
1,226
155,230
7fl
163,029
0
2,272
0
0
13,295
0
0
CQS1S-
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
2,376
8*
860
2,016
B*,100
90,*25
18,881
*95
0
0
1,560
0
315
3,858
15,720
208
16,83*
0
12,3*9
I*, 059
1,3*7,912
61,937
32,665
12,*93
C
7,323
1,*79
0
369
16,**0
1,*1*
1,203
2,762,267
0
1 ,5*2
6,331
20,961
36,901
0
2,565
C
1,19*
0
67,52*
0
10,896
1 ,529
60,056
665
1*3,1)1.3
0
1,189
C
0
9.21J-
0
C


CHANGE
-5*3
+ 8
+860
+2.016
+73,*37
-179,512
+7,*33
-1,172
+0
-7,38*
+1,01*
+ 0
-507
-62,122
-*9,651
+ 208
+ 15,90*
+ 0
+9,786
+9,831
+65,*59
+8,869
-62*,*27
+901
-2,385
+7,323
+ 156
+ 0
+3*5
+11,910
-30,21*
+ 313
-106,890
+ 0
+ 0
-397,957
+6,379
-670
+ 0
+2,336
+0
+ 1 ,023
+ 0
-2,701
+ 0
+ * ,2*5
+303
-95,17*
+5S7
-19,176
+ 0
-1,033
+ 0
+0
-*,077
+ 0
+0
|
1976 EP)
EST1MATI
0.0*68
0.0012
0.0000
0.0000
0.1702
*.3309
0.1823
0.0267
0.0000
0.118*
0.0087
0.0000
0.0131
1 .0586
1.0*88
0.0000
0.01*9
0.0000
0.0*11
0.067B
20.5761
0.851*
10.5*29
0.1859
0.0382
0.0000
0.0212
0.0000
0.0003
0.0726
0.507*
0.01*J
*6.033B
0.0000
0.02*7
6.5139
0.2339
0.63*8
0.0000
0.0036
0.0000
0.0027
0.0000
1.1267
0.0000
0.1067
0.0196
2.*905
0.001?
2.6156
0.0000
0.036*
0.0000
0.0000
0.2133
0.0000
0.0000
                                                                         ._EESCE.iaUE_DE_tlAIJQti&U_lDlALS	
                                                                                    19T8 EPA
                                                                                   ASSESSMENT          CHANGE
                          6, 232,711
                                       *,677,78b   -1,35*,925
                                                                  100.0000
  0.0*67
  0.0017
  0.0176
  0.0*13
  1.72*1
  1.B538
  0.3870
  0.0101
  0,0000
  0.0000
  0.0319
  0.0000
  0.006*
  0.0790
  0.3222
  0.00*2
  0.3*51
  0.0000
  0.2531
  0.2882
 27.6336
  1.2697
  0.6700
  0.2561
  0.0000
  0.1501
  0.0303
  0.0000
  0.0075
  0.3370
  0.0289
  0.02*6
 56.6295
  0.0000
  0.0316
  0.16*6
  0.*297
  0.7975
  0.0000
  0.0525
  0.0000
  0.02**
  0.0000
  1.38*3
  0.0000
  0.2233
  0.0313
  1.2312
  0.0136
  2.9*91
  0.0000
  0.02*3
  O.OOOO
  0.0000
  0.1869
  0.0000
  0.0000

100.0000
 +0.0019
 +0.0005
 +0.0176
 +0.0*13
 +1.5539
 -2.*770
 +0.20*2
 -0.0165
 +0.0000
 -0.1183
 +0.0232
 +0.0000
 -0.0066
 -0.9795
 -0.7265
 +0.00*2
 +0.3302
 +0.0000
 +0.2120
 +0.220*
 +7.0575
 +0.*183
 -9.8728
 +0.0702
 -0.0381
 +0.1501
 +0.0091
 +0.0000
 +0.0072
 +0.26**
 -0.*78*
 +0.010*
+10.5957
 +0.0000
 +0.0069
 -6.3*92
 +0.1958
 +0.1627
 +0.0000
 +0.0*89
 +0.0000
 +0.0217
 +0.0000
 +0.2576
 +0.0000
 +0.1166
 +0.0117
 -1.2592
 +0.012*
 +0.3335
 +0.0000
 -0.0120
 +0.0000
 +0.0000
 -0.02*3
 +0.0000
 +0.0000

 +0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY  10f  1979
                                                                                             TABLE  10
                                               1978  NEEDS  SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF  NATIONAL  NEEDS
                         FOR CONSTRUCTION OF  ELIGIBLE NEW COLLECTORS AND  APPURTENANCES
                                           THOUSANDS OF   1978 DOLLARS
                                                 CATEGORY   IV A
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEK YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS












1












1









3


1


1



















1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
234,418
78,189
118,094
122,641
952,982
9,222
531,552
36,992
0
,294,634
239,834
146,058
106,843
378,854
521,245
105,574
87,667
257, 645
110,299
208,388
69,009
948,510
,397,841
193,576
59,963
181,302
20,315
16,384
30,244
245,380
451,595
26,451
,690,098
167,863
6,249
,107,467
75,187
276,136
,080,863
262,384
191,832
3,515
349,621
523,476
39,760
88,778
221,381
445,881
711,818
479,147
765
8,635
35,228
0
272,824
40,575
27,259
CQSIS
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
331,636
40,968
118,578
134,018
1,415,363
28,712
405,113
41,745
0
1,560,561
378,532
198,066
112,352
162,896
338,590
123,294
121,127
575,541
320,902
220,290
221,064
754,897
987,421
153,599
157,989
228,818
23,787
32,588
38,204
269,549
655,609
42,709
2. 436, 873
479,955
3,584
683,618
139,423
287,903
982,675
260,744
314,611
5,701
512,333
556,882
61,460
77,557
438,912
460,554
514 ,779
269,375
1,244
9,445
996
17,992
257,485
32,783
11,303


CHANGE
+97,218
-37,221
+434
+11,377
+462,331
+ 19,490
-126,439
+4,753
+ 0
+265,927
+138,698
+52,008
+ 5,509
-215,958
-182,655
+17,720
+33,460
+317,696
+210,603
+11,902
+152.055
-193,613
-410,420
-39,977
+98,026
+47,516
+3,472
+16,204
+7,960
+24,169
+204,014
+16,258
-1,253,225
+312,092
-2,665
-423,849
+64,236
+11,767
-98,138
-1,640
+122,779
+2,106
+162,712
+43,406
+21,700
-11,221
+217,531
+14,673
-197,039
-209,772
+ 479
+810
-34,232
+17,992
-15,339
-7,792
-15,956
EEBCE
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
1.2153
0.4053
0.6122
0.6358
4.9406
0.0478
2.7557
0.1917
0.0000
6.7118
1.2433
0.7572
0.5539
1.9641
2.7023
0.5473
0.4544
1.3367
0.5716
1.0803
0.3577
4.9174
7.2469
1 .0035
0.3108
0.9399
0.1053
0.0849
0.1567
1 .2721
2.3412
0.1371
19.1309
0.8702
0.0323
5.7415
0.3897
1.4315
5.6036
1.3602
0.9945
0.0162
1.8125
2.7138
0.2061
0.4602
1.1477
2.3116
3.6903
2.4840
0.0039
0.0447
0.1826
0.0000
1.4144
0.2103
0.1413
MTAGE QF NATJ.Q
197R EPS
ASSESSMENT
1.7433
0.2153
0.6233
0.7045
7.4403
0.1509
2.1296
0.2194
0.0000
6.2036
1.9898
1.0411
0.5906
0.8563
1.7799
0.64S1
0.6367
3.0255
1.6869
1.1580
1.1620
3.9683
5.1907
0. 11074
0.8305
1.2026
0.1250
0.1713
0.2008
1.4169
3.4464
0.2245
12.8103
2.5230
0.0188
3.5936
0.7329
1.5134
5.1657
1.3706
1.653B
0.0299
2.6932
2.9POO
0.3230
0.4076
2.3072
2.4210
2.7061
l.'.l&O
0.006*
0.0496
0.0052
0.0945
1.3535
0.1723
0.0594
 CHANGE

+0.5280
-0.1899
+0.0110
+0.0686
+2.4997
+0.1031
-0.6261
+0.0276
+0.0000
+1.4917
+0.7464
+0.2839
+0.0367
-1.1077
-0.9224
+0.1008
+0.1822
+1.6887
+1.1151
+0.0776
+O.B043
-0.9490
-2.0562
-0.1961
+0.5196
+0.2629
+0.0197
+0.0863
+0.0440
+0.1448
+1.1052
+0.0873
-6.3205
+1.6527
-0.0135
-2.1478
+0.3431
+0.081B
-0.4378
+0.0103
+0.6593
+0.0117
+0.8806
+0.2661
+0.1169
-0.0525
+1.1595
+ 0.1094
-0.9842
-1.0660
+0.0025
+0.0048
-0.1773
+0.0945
-0.0608
-0.03PO
-0.0819
U.S. TOTALS
                        19,288,66B   19,022,705
                                                    -265,963
                                                                 100.000D
                                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                                     +0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY  10,
                                                                                             TABLF  11
                                                                                                           1979
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
                                                1976  NEEDS SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND  PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                             FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEH INTERCEPTORS AND APPURTENANCES
                                           THOUSANDS QF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                 CATEGORY  IV B
COSTS PERCENTAGE DE tliUQ!

1976
EPA
ESTIMATE









1












1









2


1





















195
134
149
63
962
42
208
110
8
,123
425
344
157
521
431
169
184
437
121
161
505
719
,105
348
169
514
48
64
58
293
657
23
,448
469
15
,560
132
420
551
93
388
20
286
773
28
31
456
425
881
546
5
25
19

305
4
3
,489
.715
,053
,672
,808
,168
,665
,029
,255
,885
,975
,301
,109
.466
,943
,165
,435
,596
,640
,615
,224
,094
,856
,866
.988
,076
,168
,857
,711
,910
,806
,695
,877
,119
,521
,026
.743
,709
.422
,994
,819
,644
.811
,183
,578
,661
,970
,832
,760
.604
,334
,091
,332
0
,470
,008
,560
1978
EPA
ASSESSMENT
180
95
199
99
1.627
266
1B2
120

1,462
410
319
84
282
311
201
289
385
294
154
323
543
671
247
168
676
20
50
33
295
601
32
1,863
438
14
825
129
301
529
100
251
29
365
1,002
57
31
515
481
189
301
9
23
3
21
320
15
16
,667
,171
,788
,140
,446
,062
,421
,456
0
,342
,509
,745
,550
,361
,358
,978
,833
,922
,689
,585
,065
,030
,499
,995
,982
,294
,353
,403
,423
,824
,439
,651
,849
,387
,829
,196
,107
,060
,130
,638
,738
,799
,840
,366
,760
,260
,021
,274
,591
,991
,645
,790
,770
,000
,027
,642
,277
1976 EPA
CHANGE
-14
-39
+50
+ 35
+664
+223
-26
+ 10
-8
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
822
544
725
468
638
894
244
427
255
+338,457
-15
-24
-72
-239
-120
+32
+ 105
-51
+ 173
-7
-182
,
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
466
556
559
105
585
813
398
674
049
230
159
-176,064
-434
-100
-1
+ 164
-27
-14
-25
+ 1
-56
+8
-585
-30
,
,
,
,
,
*
,
,
,
f
,
,
357
871
006
216
815
454
238
914
367
956
028
732
-692
-734
-3
-119
-22
+6
-137
+ 9
+ 79
+229
+29

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
828
636
649
292
644
081
155
029
183
182
-401
+58
+55
-692
-244
+4
-1
-15
+21
+ 14
+ 11
+ 12
,
,
,


,

,
,
,
,
051
392
159
613
311
291
562
000
557
634
717
ESTIMATE
0
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
0
5
2
1
0
2
2
0
0
2
0
0
2
3
5
1
0
2
0
0
0
1
3
0
12
2
0
7
0
2
2
0
1
0
1
3
0
0
2
2
4
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
.9601
.6616
.7321
.3127
.7287
.2071
.0246
.5404
.0405
.5199
.0921
.6910
.7716
.5611
.1214
.830E
.9056
.1492
.5974
.7947
.4813
.5317
.4313
.7134
.8346
.5248
.2365
.3185
.2883
.4435
.2307
.1163
.0275
.3040
.0762
.6619
.6519
.0662
.7082
.4616
.9096
.1013
.4086
.7974
.1403
.1555
.2443
.0916
.3307
.6846
.0261
.1231
.0949
.0000
.5003
.0196
.0174
197E FPA
ASSESSMENT
0.
0.
1.
0.
6.
1 .
0.
0.
0.
7.
2.
1.
0.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
0.
1.
2.
3.
1.
0.
3.
0.
0.
0.
1.
3.
0.
10.
2.
0.
4.
0.
1.
2.
0.
1.
0.
1.
5.
0.
0.
2.
2.
1.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
0.
0.
<577
5151
OS13
5366
8069
4401
9673
651.0
0000
9152
2219
7306
4576
5283
6852
0932
5687
088P
5950
8367
7486
9392
6346
3423
9146
6714
1101
2728
1808
6012
2554
1767
0884
3728
OB02
4665
6988
6295
8640
5447
3625
1612
9801
4255
3126
1691
7876
6049
0261
6345
0521
1267
0203
1136
7322
0846
0880
                         20,360,585    18,474,970   -1,885,615
                                                                 100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
 CHANGE

+0.0177
-0.1464
+0.3492
+0.2239
+4.08P2
+1.2330
-0.0374
+0.1115
-0.0404
+2.3953
+0.1298
+0.0396
-0.3139
-1.0327
-0.4361
+0.2624
+0.6629
-0.0603
+0.9976
+0.0420
-0.7326
-0.5924
-1.7966
-0.3710
+0.0798
+1.1466
-0.1263
-0.0456
-0.1073
+0.1577
+0.0247
+0.0604
-1.9389
+0.0688
+0.0040
-3.1953
+0.0469
-0.4366
+ 0.155B
+0.0831
-0.5470
+0.0599
+0.5715
+ 1.6281
+0.1723
+0.0136
+0.5433
+0.5133
-3.3044
-1.0500
+0,0260
+0.0056
-0.0744
+0.1136
+0.2319
+0.0650
+0.0706

+0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                             TABLE 12
                                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                                     COSTS ANCI PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEtDS
                                   FOR CORRECTION OF CO.MBIMED SEWER OVERFLOWS
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                   CATEGORY V
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
D1ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO.
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
10kA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAIME
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVAOA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NE* JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEH YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHI9
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VER10NT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
	 COSTS
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
0
3,429











2
1







1


1






3


2






















53
437
3
439
45
169

342

9
,937
,400
103
122
150

547
53
995
,530
253

,467

165
16
349
687

,025

14
,005

239
932
300

1
208
55

183
278
387
484
314




25


0
,136
,490
,826
,992
,136
,631
55 8
,192
0
,734
,137
,663
,137
,643
,161
0
,830
,914
,327
,710
,778
0
,849
0
,986
,658
,842
,139
0
,651
0
,582
,735
0
,106
,093
,140
0
,338
.319
,417
0
,716
,259
,934
,573
,915
0
0
0
0
,575
0
0
1976 EPA
SSSESSMENT
0
9,165


167

398
128
170
8
218

57
2,131
2,920
192
209
592

1,092
147
1,036
1,602
187
33
757
33
70

272
1,009

3,305
67
13
3,261

431
2,198
329

24
198
39
2
208
272
893
754
258
3



19


0
0
,715
661
,912
,961
,671
,533
,732
0
,256
,730
,755
,885
,776
,419
0
,520
,131
,200
,291
,214
,286
,919
.236
,806
0
,996
,763
0
,138
,342
,705
,614
0
,333
,106
,342
0
,057
,462
.148
,199
,981
,811
,318
,201
,905
,164
0
0
0
,360
0
0
CHANGE
+0
+5,736

-53
+0
,IS6
-269,775
-3
-41
+83
+ 1
+ 7
-123

+47
-905
+1,520
+89
+87
+442

+ 544
+93
+40
+ 71
-66
+33
-709
+33
-95
-16
-76
+ 322

+279
+67

+1,255

+ 192
+1 ,266
+29

+22
-9
-16
+ 2
+25
-5
+ 505
+ 269
-46
+ 3



-6


,165
,080
,825
,070
,965
,460
+0
,522
,407
,092
,748
,133
,258
+ 0
,690
.217
,873
,5S1
,564
,286
.930
,236
,180
,658
.846
.574
+0
,487
.342
-877
,879
+ 0
,227
.013
,202
+0
,719
,857
,259
,199
,265
,448
.334
,628
,010
,164
+ 0
+0
+0
,315
+0
+0
PERCENTAGE. D NA.I10J
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
0.0000
0.0165
0
0
2
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
14
5
0
0
0
0
2
0
4
7
1
0
7
0
0
0
1
3
0
14
0
0
9
0
1
4
1
0
0
i
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.0000
.2563
.108B
.0184
.1209
.2175
.8175
.0027
.6494
.0000
.0469
.1579
.7516
.4971
.5911
.7238
.0000
.6407
.2598
.7977
.3785
.2232
.0000
.0755
.0000
.8001
.0802
.6863
.3124
.0000
.5846
.0000
.0702
.6662
.0000
.1525
.4929
.4467
.0000
.0064
.0041
.2671
.0000
.8855
.3412
.8702
.3357
.5179
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.1237
.0000
.0000
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.0000
0.0355
0.
C.
0.
0.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
8.
11.
0.
0.
2.
0.
4.
0.
4.
6.
0.
0.
0000
oooo
6514
0025
5496
5009
6629
0331
8496
0000
2224
2808
3459
7492
8148
3012
0000
2439
5715
0252
2242
7272
1292
2.9441
0.
0.
0.
i.
3.
0.
12.
0.
0.
12.
0.
1.
8.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
3.
2.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1290
2750
0000
0604
9225
0000
8391
2615
0532
6700
0000
6755
5387
2793
0000
0934
7709
1520
0085
8117
0597
4701
9297
0445
0122
0000
0000
0000
0751
0000
ooeo
 CHANGE

+0.0000
+0.0190
+0.0000
-0.2562
-1.4572
-0.0158
-0.5712
+0.2834
-0.1545
+0.0304
-0.7997
+0.0000
+0.1755
-5.B769
+4.5943
+0.2521
+0.2237
+1.5774
+0.0000
+1.6032
+0.3117
-0.7724
-1.1542
-0.4959
+0.1292
-4.1312
+0.1290
-0.5250
-0.0801
-0.6258
+0.6101
+0.0000
-1.7454
+0.2615
-0.0169
+3.0018
+0.0000
+0.5230
+4.0458
-0.1673
+0.0000
+0.0870
-0.2331
-0.1150
+0.0085
-0.0736
-0.2814
+1.5999
+0.5940
-0.4733
+0.0122
+0.0000
+0.0000
+0.0000
-0.0484
+0.0000
+0.0000
U.S. TOTALS
                        20,745,499   25,742,719   +4.997,220
                                                                 100.0003
                                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                                      +0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FtPRUARY  10,
                                                                                             TtBLt.  13
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
D!ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IBWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEM HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
MEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN  SAMOA
GJAM
MARIANAS  GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR.  TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
                                               1976  MEtbS SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NtKOS
                                   FOR TREATMENT AND/OR CONTROL  OF STDRMKATERS
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1976 DOLLARS
                                                  CATEGORY  VI

1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
368,362
17,269
594,223
131,652
6.018.621
197,752
1,681 .671
106,019
130,394
9,358,283
551,036
529,446
10,059
2,267,296
870,352
153,032
141,859
173,731
286,016
140,397
1,281,696
2,651,241
1,511,328
313,211
240,384
585,125
9,219
74,302
141,606
149,531
9,138,512
41,374
2,460,407
195,798
2,308
5,398,476
273,084
274,100
3,518,786
98,761
168.268
6,843
460,382
3,985,015
186,475
0
1,761,356
282,326
22,417
2,171,813
0
0
0
0
362,706
0
0
C.QSIS.
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
1,428,370
122,010
531,491
610,525
4,047,876
319,494
2,441,443
270,383
184,561
6,909,125
1 .068,665
205,653
41,671
1,855,135
1,633,752
482,182
418,709
925,625
940,536
679,106
1,191,849
3,205,351
1,719,430
527,889
415,338
1,172,799
26,079
131,578
217,645
958,894
5,378,994
84,984
2,026,998
777,296
16,779
3,558,954
411,963
901,669
2,609,314
347, D16
379,781
30,032
1,313,997
3,773,298
171,921
0
1,975,668
1,374,248
220,100
1,230,055
0
0
0
0
404,121
0
0


CHANGE
+1,060,008
+104.741
-62,732
+478,673
-1,970,945
+ 121 ,742
+759,772
+164,364
+54 ,157
-2,449,158
+517,629
-323,793
+31,612
-412,161
+763,400
+329,150
+276,850
+751,894
+654 ,520
+538,709
-89,847
+554,110
+208,102
+214,678
+174,954
+587,674
+ 16,860
+57,276
+76,039
+809,353
-3,759,518
+43,610
-433,409
+581,498
+ 14,471
-1,839,522
+138,879
+627,569
-909,472
+248,255
+211,513
+23,189
+353,615
-211,717
-14,554
+0
+214,312
+1,091,922
+197,683
-941 ,758
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+41 ,415
+ 0
+ 0
	 EtBLE
1976 EPA
ESTIMATE
0.5990
0,0280
0.9662
0.2144
9.7875
0.3215
2.7346
0.1724
0.2120
15.2160
0.8960
0.8609
0.0163
3.6869
1.4153
0.2488
0.2306
0.2625
0.4651
0.2283
2.0842
4.3113
2.4576
0.5093
0.3909
0.9515
0.0149
0.1208
0.2302
0.2431
14.8606
0.0672
4.0010
0.3183
0.0037
8.7787
0.4440
0.4457
5.7220
0.1606
0.2736
0.0111
0.7486
6.4802
0.3032
0.0000
2.8642
0.4591
0.0364
3.5317
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5898
0.0000
0.0000
N.X&&E. 0 EXJOj
mS EPA
ASSESSMENT
2.3161
0.1978
0.8618
0.9899
6.5637
0.5180
3.958R
0.4384
0.299?
11.2033
1.732B
0.3334
0.0675
3.00P1
2.6491
0.7816
0.6789
1.5009
1.5250
1.1011
1.9326
5.1975
2.7880
0.8559
0.6734
1.9017
0.0422
0.2133
0.3529
1.554P
8.7221
0.1377
3.2866
1.2603
0.0271
5.7709
0.6679
1.4620
4.2310
0.5626
0.6158
0.0466
2. 1306
6.1184
0.2767
0.0000
3.2035
2.2283
0.3568
1.9945
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.6552
0.0000
0.0000
                         61,494,744   61,670,352
                                                    +175,608
                                                                 100.0000
                                                                                  100.0000
  CHANGE

 +1.7171
 +0.1696
 -0.1043
 +0.7755
 -3.2237
 +0.1965
 +1.2242
 +0.2660
 +0.0872
 -4.0146
 +0.8368
 -0.5274
 +0.0512
 -0.6787
 +1.2338
 +0.5330
 +0.4483
 + K2184
 +1.0599
 +0.8728
 -0.1515
 +0.8862
 +0.3304
 +0.3466
 +0.2R25
 +0.9502
 +0.0273
 +0.0925
 +0.1227
 +1.3117
 -6.1384
 +0.0705
 -0.7141
 +0.9420
 +0.0234
 -3.0077
 +0.2239
 +1.0163
 -1.4909
 +0.4020
 +0.3422
 +0.0375
 +1.3820
 -0.3617
 -0.0244
 +0.0000
 +0.3393
 +1.7692
 +0.3204
 -1.5371
 +0.0000
 +0.0000
 +0.0000
+0.0000
+0.0654
+0.0000
+0.0000

+0.0000

-------
                                                                                                FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                                TABLE  1*
                                                197b  NEEDS  SURVEY

                     PER  CAPITA COSTS F3R CONSTRUCTION OF PUB LICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                              BASED ON 1977 POPULATION AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                          * THOUSANDS OF  1976  DOLLARS
                                             POPULATIONS  IN  THOUSANDS
                                               CATEGORIES I  THRU V
ALA34MA
AISSKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
CXLOSADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
PIST. OF CQLUM.
FLCRIDA
GEORGIA
HAWUl
ituno
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEK YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SU.'TH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTA1
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AfEUCAN SAHOA
GUA'1
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAt. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
1978 EPA
* ASSESSMENT
9*7,377
515,777
512,875
501,930
8,0*1,**9
9*8, P20
1,383,067
389, 31C
186,077
* ,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,6*3
*, 105, (536
*, 205,6*6
1 ,096,588
1,103,188
2,085,386
1 ,136,673
1,638,P39
2 ,910,16*
3,*26,9*5
*,*85,332
1 ,3*7, 69*
77*, 969
2,535,32*
125,986
317,681
260,078
1,15*. 711
*,196,37*
150,752
1*,156,*69
1 ,657,975
82,352
6,777,9*9
572,101
1,536,102
5,35B,*5*
9*5,772
8*0,375
207,0*1
1 ,757,853
3,110,7*2
399,396
*60,989
2,008,651
2,761.303
1,8*5,897
1,797,595
75,09*
57,318
**,658
56,322
977,206
90.2B7
**,120
1977
POPULATION
3,690
*07
2,296
2,1**
71,696
2,619
3,1 Ob
t.82
690
B,*52
f ,0*8
B95
657
1 1,2*5
5,330
2,679
2,326
3,*58
3,921
1,085
*,139
5,762
9,129
3,975
2,389
*,801
761
1 ,561
633
B*9
7,329
1,190
17,92*
5,525
653
10,701
2, 11
2,376
11,785
935
2,876
689
*,299
12,630
1,268
*83
5,135
3,653
1 ,1,59
* ,651
*06
29
93
12
3,232
11*
95
COSTS PER
CAPITA (1977)
256
1.267
223
23*
367
362
**5
666
269
586
3*7
959
E21
365
789
380
*7*
603
289
1,510
703
592
*91
339
32*
528
165
203
*10
1,360
572
133
789
300
126
633
203
6*6
*5*
ItCll
292
300
*OB
2*2
31*
95*
391
75*
992
386
18*
1,976
*82
*,693
297
791
*6*
2000
POPULATION
*,l*o
667
*,1*9
2,970
26,786
3,868
3.7*1
8*1
661
15.0*9
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
5,732
3,101
2,517
*,22*
*,659
1,222
5,583
6,61*
1C, 31*
*,505
2,7*0
5,225
802
1,73*
1,1*1
1,306
B,7*7
1,*36
18,922
7,*19
690
12,031
3,396
3,209
12,365
1,033
3.700
730
5,573
18,069
1,668
607
6,755
*,*17
2,003
5,553
*9*
*0
275
35
*,700
170
116
COSTS PER
CAPITA (2000!
228
773
123
169
300
2*5
369
*62
2P1
330
2*8
628
377
332
733
353
*38
*93
?**
1,3*1
521
flB
*3*
299
282
*85
157
183
227
88*
*79
110
7*R
223
119
563
168
*78
*33
915
227
Z83
315
172
236
759
297
625
921
323
155
1,*32
163
1,609
207
531
380
U.S. TOTALS
                          106,153,617
                                                219,955
                                                                                     270,
                                                                                                            392

-------
                                                                                                  FEBRUARY 10f
                                                                                                  TABLE 15
                                                                                                                1979
                                                  1976   NF.EIJS SURVEY

                     PER CA1TA  COSTS FOS CONSTRUCTION  OF PJBLICLY-OWNEC  TREATMENT FACILITIES
                               BASED ON 1977 POPULATION  AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                           * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                              POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                CATEGORIES  ! II 1VB
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
(1T.T. OF COLUM.
f LP3IOA
GEORGIA
HAH* 1 1
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDt-A
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
M INF
MARYLAND
MtFSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
^ i
HOVTANA
NEF.RASKA
NCVA94
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NE  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
Mf  YORK
MIRTH  CAROLINA
NOKTH  DAKOTA
OH in
C-KLAHOMA
fKESUN
f FKMSYLVANIfv
 FHliDE  ISLAND
 5-DUTH  CAROLINA
 SOUTH  06KHTA
 TtNMESSEE
 TEXAS
 U164
 VEF-10NT
 VIR3IMIA
 WASHINGTON
 WEST VIRSIN1A'
 I 1 JCCNSIN
 WYOMING
 i^L^KAN  SAMOA
 nus-i
 PUF Ufl RICO
 Fft.  TR. TCKR.
 VI"';i>J ISLANDS
1973 EPS
* ASSESSMENT
526,726
<*3,B01
391, yea
336,032
6,299,037
816,942
528,924
215,329
15,406
3,336,469
1 ,071', 098
661, OB3
262,092
1,662,739
894,090
699,896
707,336
343,245
757,777
29S.397
1 ,186,837
1 ,570,064
1 ,819,075
96t,2P6
4P5, 110
1 ,481 ,430
64,776
213,216
220, 165
58fi,907
2,391,934
114,742
5,54Ci,23t
1 ,043,637
63,007
2.56R.231
375,263
726, >B6
?, 167, 295
34?, 523
473, 7FO
172, 94B
922, 39t
2 ,222,232
?95,04b
16] ,29f-
1 ,283, 539
1 ,263,9C1
574, Sit
1 ,038,760
62,8?3
46.6B4
43,26fc
3r<,330
676,612
57.SD",
32, 702
1977
POPULATION
3,690
407
2,296
2,144
21 ,896
2,619
3,108
562
690
6,452
5,048
895
857
11 ,245
5,330
2,879
2,326
3,453
3,921
1,085
4,139
5,782
9,129
3,975
?,389
4,t01
761
1 .561
633
649
7,329
1 ,190
17,924
5,525
C53
10,701
2,811
2,376
] 1 ,785
935
2,1-76
619
4 ,299
li ,.30
I , 2 6ti
483
f. ,1 35
3.65B
1 ,59
4 ,651
406
29
93
12
;,i^2
JI4
c)e>
COSTS PER
CAPITA (1977)
142
1,068
170
156
287
312
170
369
22
39
-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                             TABLE 16
                                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                    PER CAPITA C3STS FOR CONSTRUCTION DF PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                             BASED ON 1977 POPULATION AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                         * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                            POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                   CATEGORY I
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
D1ST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEX1S
UTSH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMFRICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MMIAMAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRSIN ISLANDS
1978 EPA
* ASSESSMENT
150,900
333,660
182,420
65, 174
Z, 691, 832
236,656
207,071
573
0
468,246
126,674
330,266
79,248
86,707
46,336
181,778
294,203
84,195
405,453
121,286
20,523
776,080
171,311
12,584
55,795
779,568
37,974
159,948
65,141
197,946
924,316
62,084
2,393,139
149,020
48,178
86,162
33,475
21,922
506,163
144,935
158,419
43,304
168,914
4,882
6,926
44,214
439,709
590,292
271,768
100,147
49,231
22,894
36,327
17,330
336,46]
41,862
16,425
1977
POPULATION
3,690
407
2,296
2,144
21,696
2,619
3,108
582
690
8,452
5,048
695
857
11 ,245
5,330
2,879
2,326
3,458
3,921
1,035
4,139
5,762
S.I 29
3,975
2,389
4,801
761
1,561
633
h49
7,329
1,190
17,924
5,525
653
10,701
2,611
2,376
11,785
93'j
2,876
689
4,299
12,830
1.263
483
5,135
3',65H
1 , c 59
4 ,651
406
29
93
12
3,282
114
95
COSTS PER
CAPITA (1977)
40
819
79
30
122
90
66
0
C
55
25
369
92
7
8
63
126
24
103
111
4
134
1H
3
23
162
49
102
102
233
126
52
133
2t
73
8
11
9
42
155
55
62
39
C
5
91
85
161
146
21
121
789
412
1 ,444
102
367
172
2000
POPULATION
4,140
667
4,149
2,970
26.7B6
3,b68
3,741
841
661
15,049
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
5,732
3,101
2,517
4,224
4,(,?9
1,222
5,583
6,614
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,225
602
1,734
1,141
1,306
8, 747
1,436
18,922
7,419
690
12,031
3,3Q6
3,209
12,365
1,033
3,700
730
5,573
18,069
1.6BB
607
6,755
4,417
2,003
5,553
4B4
40
275
35
4,700
170
116
COSTS PER
CAPITA (2000)
3fc
500
43
21
100
61
55
0
0
31
17
241
66
7
8
58
lie
19
87
99
3
117
16
2
20
149
47
92
57
151
105
43
126
20
6
7
9
6
40
140
42
59
30
0
4
72
65
133
13-
16
101
572
139
495
71
?46
141
U.S. TOTALS
                          15,090,091
                                              219,955
                                                                                   270,414

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY  10,  1979
                                                                                              TABLE  17
                                                1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                    PER  CAPITA  CDSTS  FDR  CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                              BASED  ON 1977  POPULATION AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                          *  THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                             POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                   CATEGORY  II
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOH4
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEW  JERSEY
NEK  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN  SAMOA
cut*
MARIANAS  GROUP
PUERTO  RICO
PAC. TR.  TERR.
VIRGIN  ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
1978 EP
* ASSESSMENT
195,159
5,970
9,780
171, 71B
1 ,979,759
316, 222
139,432
9
-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                             TABLE 18
                                                                                                          1979
                                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                    PER CAPITA COSTS FDR CONSTRUCTION QF PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                             BASED ON 1977 POPULATION AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                         * THOUSANDS OF  1976 DOLLARS
                                            POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                 CATEGORY III A
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
197S EPA
ASSESSMENT
86,639
30,759
1,449
29,864
75,Z3
-------
                                                                                                FEBRUARY 1O, 1979
                                                                                                TABLE 19
                                                 1976   NEEDS SURVEY

                     PER CAPITA C3STS FOR CONSTRUCTION  OF  PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT  FACILITIES
                              BASED ON 1977 POPULATION  AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                          * THOUSANDS  OF   1978 DOLLARS
                                             POPULATIONS  IN THOUSANDS
                                                   CATEGORY III B
ALA3AMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
OUT. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLIMOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEV4TA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
Nth  JERSEY
NFh  MFXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
CHIO
OKLAHOMA
URL-SON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
 SOUTH  CAROLINA
 SOUTH  DAKOTA
 If MESSEE
 ItXAS
 UTAH
 VER1UMT
 VIfGINI A
 ktSHlNGTON
 K'EST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN
 wrniiNG
 APF3ICAN  SAMOA
 lUAi
 ,iS<; I 1JAS  GROUP
 PUMTO RICO
 HAC . TR.  TFRR.
 VltiCIN ISLANDS
1973 EPA
* ASSESSMENT
2,376
8*
860
2,016
84,100
90,425
le.BBi
495
0
0
1,560
0
315
3,858
15,7?0
208
16,83*
0
12,349
14,059
1 ,347,912
61,937
32,685
12, 493
0
7,323
1,479
0
369
16,440
1,414
1,203
2,762,267
0
1,542
8,031
20,961
3E..901
3
2,565
0
1,194
0
67,524
0
10,1)96
1,529
60,056
665
143,fc53
0
1,189
0
0
9,218
0
0
1977
POPULATION
3,690
407
2,296
2,144
21,896
2,619
3,108
592
690
6,452
5,048
B95
657
11,245
5,330
2,879
2,326
3,458
3,921
1,085
4,139
5,782
9,129
3,975
2,389
4,801
761
1,561
633
849
7,329
1 ,190
17,924
5,525
653
10,701
2,811
2,376
1] ,735
935
2,876
689
4,^99
12,b30
1,268
43
5,135
3,659
1 ,659
4,651
406
29
93
12
3,232
114
95
COSTS PER
CAPITA (1977)
0
0
0
0
3
34
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
7
0
3
12
325
10
3
3
0
1
1
0
0
19
0
1
154
0
2
0
7
16
0
2
0
1
0
5
0
22
D
16
0
30
0
41
0
0
2
0
0
2000
POPULATION
4,140
667
4,1*9
2,970
26,786
3,868
3,741
841
661
15,0*9
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
5,732
3,101
2.517
4,224
4,659
1,222
5,583
6,614
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,225
802
1,734
1,141
1.306
8,747
1,436
18,922
7,419
690
12,031
3,396
3,209
12,365
1,033
3,700
730
5,573
18,069
1,688
607
6,755
4,417
2,003
5,553
4R4
40
275
35
4,700
170
116
COSTS PER
CAPITA (2000)
0
0
0
0
3
23
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
6
0
2
11
2*1
9
3
2
0
1
1
0
0
12
0
0
1*5
0
2
0
6
12
0
2
0
1
0
3
0
17
0
13
0
25
0
29
0
0
1
0
0
 U.S. TOTALS
                            4 ,677,786
                                                219,955
                                                                                     270,414
                                                                                                            IB

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY  JO,  1979
                                                                                             TABLE 20
                                               197B  MEEDS SURVEY

                    PER CAPITA COSTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                             BASED ON 1977 POPULATION AND PROJECTED 2000 POPULATION
                                         * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                            POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                 CATEGORY  IV A
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HftMAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MRYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEK MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OH ID
OKLAHOMA
CREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH (1AKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
1978 EPA
* ASSESSMENT
331,636
40,966
118,578
13*1,018
1 ,415,363
2P.712
405,113
4 1 , 7
-------
                                                                                               FtlKLVRY 1C, 1
-------
                                                                                                EFPPUARY I", 1979
                                                                                                TABLE  22
                                                 197fc  NH DS SU Y

                     PES CAPITA COSTS  F3<  CGNSTKUCTiOT CT  PUBLICLY-OWNED  TREATMENT FACILITIPS
                              e.ASi-D ON  1977  POPULA1IO-M AND ^HDJECTF.D  20CO  POPULATION
                                           *  THOUSANDS OF-  l7fi DOLLARS
                                              POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                                     CATEGORY V
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COL1RAOO
CONNtCTJCUT
f.FLA>!ARE
CIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEC1G1A
HfcMAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUIS!ANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
HICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
KI5.S1SSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NECSASKA
HEVAOA
NEK HAMPSHIRE
NfW JERSEY
NEK MEXICO
HE* YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NOf:TH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEX.VS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
wlSCI1NSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUM
M.RIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
197S EPS
* ASSESSMENT
0
9,165
i;
0
167,715
6frl
398,912
IZS.Ibl
170,671
6,5=3
216,732
0
57,256
2,131,730
2,920,755
192,885
209,776
592,419
0
1 ,092,520
147,131
1,036,230
1 ,602,291
187,21
0
0
2000
POPJLAT1PN
4,140
6fc7
4,149
2,970
26,766
3,66ft
3,741
841
661
15,049
7.C53
1,366
l.lf 3
12.35P
5,732
3,101
2,517
4,224
4,659
1,222
5,563
6,614
10,314
4,505
2.740
5,225
802
1,734
1,141
1,306
8,747
1,436
18,922
7,419
690
12,031
3,396
3,209
12,365
1,033
3,700
730
5,573
16,0fr9
1,68B
607
6,755
4,417
2,003
5,553
4B4
40
275
35
4,700
170
116
COSTS PER
CAPITA (2000)
0
13
0
0
6
0
106
153
258
0
31
0
48
172
509
62
83
140
0
894
26
156
155
41
12
145
41
40
0
209
115
0
174
9
19
271
0
134
177
318
0
32
35
2
1
344
40
202
376
48
6
0
0
0
4
0
0
U.S. TOTALS
                           25,742,719
                                                219,955
                                                                                     270,414

-------
                                                                                               FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                               TABLE 23
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
OIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IONA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEV4DS
NtH  HAMPSHIRE
NfW  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLS  i
 SOUTH CAROLINA
 SOUTH DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 WASHING!, t
 WEST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN
 WYOMING
 AFRICAN  SAMOA
 GUAM
 KARIANAS  GRCUP
 PUERTO RICO
 Pf. TR.  TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS
                                                1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                     PER  CAPITA COSTS FDR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED  TREATMENT  FACILITIES
                                             BASED ON 2000 POPULATION
                                          * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                             POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                               CATEGORIES I_IH,SU_M
1976 EPA
* ESTIMATE
983,473
371,875
520,932
588,251
6,298,173
792,199
1, 446,461
306,628
257,928
4,233,437
1,857,904
855,026
49S.5D4
6,095,555
3,594,601
1,176,748
771,395
1,457,536
803,267
1,093,149
3,309,029
3,862,863
5,831 ,375
1,829,455
852,366
2,942,420
144,158
465,497
301,300
1,183,108
3,695,315
16B.476
16,488,269
1.378,404
83,265
8,170,306
587,124
1,570,773
4,324,092
821,190
1,087,405
155,371
1,453,449
3,197,223
307,145
441,731
1 ,798,570
2,271,194
2,481 ,475
2,245,665
76,494
68,090
81 ,338
0
1 ,046,376
170,644
52,032
1978 EPA
* ASSESSMENT
947,377
515,777
512, P75
501,930
8,041,449
948,828
1,383,067
389,310
186,077
4,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,643
4,105,636
4,205,646
1 ,096,588
1 ,103,188
2,085,385
I ,136,873
1,638,839
2,910,164
3,426,945
4,405,332
1,347,694
774,969
2,535,324
125,986
317,601
260,078
1 ,154,711
4 ,196,374
15B.752
14,156,469
1 ,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1 ,536,102
5,358,454
945,772
S40.375
207,041
1,757,853
3,110,742
399,396
460,989
2,008,651
2,761,303
1,845,897
1 ,797,595
75,094
57,316
44,856
56,322
977,206
90.2P7
44,120

2000 POP,
4,140
667
4,149
2,970
26,786
3,968
3,741
841
661
15,049
7,053
1,366
1,183
12,358
5,732
3,101
2,517
4,224
4,659
1,222
5,533
6,614
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,225
802
1,734
1,141
1,306
6,747
1,436
18,922
7,419
690
12,031
3,396
3,209
12,365
1,033
3,700
730
5,573
18,069
1 ,63B
607
6,755
4 ,417
2,003
5,553
434
40
275
35
4,700
170
116
1976 COSTS
PER CAPITA
237
557
125
198
235
204
386
364
390
281
263
625
41S
493
627
379
306
345
172
894
592
584
565
406
311
563
179
26B
264
905
422
117
871
185
120
679
172
489
34V
794
293
214
260
176
It]
727
266
514
1,238
404
156
1,702
295
C
222
1,003
44E
1978 COSTS
PER CAPITA
228
773
123
169
300
245
369
462
2fll
330
248
628
377
332
733
353
43R
493
244
1,341
521
518
434
299
2C2
4P5
1K7
IPS
227
PP4
479
no
748
223
119
563
166
478
433
9)5
227
2S3
315
172
236
759
297
625
921
323
155
1,432
163
1,609
207
531
3PO
CHANGE IN PER
CAPITA COSTS
-9
+ 216
-2
-29
+65
+ 41
-17
+ 9B
-109
+ 49
-15
+3
-42
-161
+ 106
-26
+ 132
+ 140
+ 72
+ 447
-71
-66
-131
-107
-29
-78
-22
-85
-37
-21
+ 57
-7
-123
+ 3R
-1
-116
-4
-11
+P4
+ 121
-66
+6
+ 55
-4
+^5
*32
+ 31
+ 111
-317
-M
-3
-27"
-13?
+ 1 ,609
-15
-472
-t,p
 U.S. TOTALS
                        108,945,224
                                      106,153,617
                                                      270,414
                                                                                        392

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                              TABLE 2*
ALA9AMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
CEHMARF
CIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDKA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
M( IMF
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEh HAMPSHIRE
NEh JERSEY
Ntk MEXICO
N'EW YORK
NCISTH CAROLINA
"vCFTH DAKOTA
[HI 3
OKLAHOMA
PENNSYLVANIA
K'HBTE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNFSS"
TFXAS
UTfiH
VEPMOKT
VIRGINIA
KtSHINGTDN
I'EST VIRGINIA
t.1! SCSMSIN
         SAMOA
         GROUP
                                                1976   NEEDS  SURVEY

                                      COSTS AND  PERCENTAGE OF  NATIONAL  NEEDS
                       FDR CONSTRUCTION OF PJBL1CLY-OWNEO HASTEWATER TREATMENT  FACILITIES
                                           THOUSANDS  OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                              CATEGORIES 1_IUEQUU_M
/![RICAN
r-u/ '1
"tPIANAS
     0 RICO
     T1?. TERR.
    IN ISLANDS

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
947,377
515,777
512,875
501,930
9,060,410
9*9,828
1 ,383,067
390 ,496
186,077
4,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
4*6,6*3
4,224,793
4,205,6*6
1 ,095,586
1,103,252
2,085,385
1 ,136,673
1 ,638,839
3,069,432
3,425,945
4,639,7*9
1,351,950
774,969
2,535,491
125,936
317,631
282,8*1
1,154,711
4,196,374
158,752
15,146,365
1 ,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1 ,536,102
5, 391,569
945,772
840,375
212,691
l,757,er>3
IS 110, 790
399,396
461,772
r, 008, 651
2,848,103
1 ,8*5,767
2,123,813
75,094
57.31H
44,85?
56, 3? 2
967, 575
90,237
44,120
CCSIS
197E EPA
ASSESSMENT
947,377
515,777
512,875
501,930
8,041,449
9*8,828
1 ,383,067
389,310
186,077
4,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,6*3
4,105,836
4,205,646
1,096,568
1,103,188
2,085,385
1,136,673
1,638,639
2,910,16*
3,426,9*5
*, 465,332
1,3*7,694
774,969
2,535,32*
125,986
317,681
260,078
1,15*. 711
4,196,374
158,752
1*, 156, 469
1,657,975
8?, 352
6,777,949
572,101
1,536,102
5,358,454
945,772
6*0,375
207,041
1,757,653
3,110,742
399,396
460,989
2,008,651
2,761,303
1,8*5,897
l,797,59t
75,09*
57,31f-
44.B5E
36,322
977,206
90,287
44,120


DIFFERENCE
tO
tO
to
tO
-1,016,961
tO
to
-1,176
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
-118,957
to
tO
-64
tO
tO
tO
-159,318
to
-154,417
-4 ,256
tO
-lt>7
to
to
-22,763
to
to
to
-969,896
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
-33,135
tO
tO
-5,650
to
-48
to
-733
tO
-86, S JO
-870
-326,223
tO
tO
to
*0
-10,369
to
tO
EEB.E
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
0.8684
0.472S
0.4701
O.*601
6.3056
0.8697
1 .267t
0.3579
0.1705
4.5619
1.6097
0.7876
O.*09*
3.B72B
3.8552
1.0052
1.0113
I .9116
1.0421
1.5023
2.8137
3.1*14
4.2532
1.2393
0.7104
2.3242
0.115*
0.2912
0.2592
1.0565
3.8467
0.1455
13.88*6
1.5193
0.0754
6.2133
0.5244
1.4081
4.9*24
0.8669
0.7703
0.19*9
1.6114
2.8516
0.3661
0.4233
1 .8413
2.61GE
1.6929
1 .9466
0.066*
0.0525
0.0413
O.OE16
0.9053
O.OP27
0.0*04

1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.892*
0.4B5B
0.4631
0.4728
7.5752
0. 893P
1.302B
0.3667
0.1752
4.6P80
1.65*2
0.8093
0.4207
3.B67B
3.9618
1.0330
1.0392
1.964*
1.0709
1.5438
2.7*14
3.2282
4.2253
1.2695
0.7300
2.3683
0.1186
0.2992
0.2*50
1.0877
3:9531
0.1*95
13.335P
1.5618
0.0775
6. 3850
0.5389
l.**70
5.0*7P
0.8909
0.7916
0. 1Q50
1.6559
2.9304
0.376;
0.434?
1.B922
2.6012
1.73flfi
1.6933
0.0707
0.&539
0.0*22
0.0530
0.9205
0.0650
0.0415
DIFFERENCE

  to.0240
  to .0130
  tO.0129
  tO.0127
  -0.7303
  tO.02*0
  tO.0350
  tO.0087
  tO.00*7
  tO.1260
  tO.O**
  tO.0217
  to.0113
  -0.0050
  tO.1065
  tO.0277
  tO.0278
  tO.0528
  to.0288
  tO.0*15
  -0.0723
  tO.0868
  -0.0279
  tO.0302
  to.0196
  to.06*0
  to.0031
  tO.0080
  -0.01*2
  tO.0292
  tO.1063
  tO.0040
  -0.5*87
  tO.0*20
  tO.0020
  tO.1717
  tO.01**
  *0.0389
  tO.1053
  tO.0239
  to.0212
  tO.0000
  tO.0*45
  to.0787
  to.0101
  tO.0109
  to.0508
  -0.0096
  to.0459
  -0.2535
  tO.0019
  tO.0014
  tO.0011
  tO.001*
  tO.0152
  tO.0022
  tO.0011
     TOTALS
                        109,OB7,*70   100,153,617    -2,933,853
                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
                                                                                                      tO.0000

-------
                                                                                              1-fPfcUARY  10,
                                                                                              TABLE  2")
ALA3AMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
01 ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEH  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
SOUTH  CAROLINA
SOUTH  DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
NASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
NYOHING
AMERICAN  SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS  GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR.  TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
                                                1978  NEEDS SUKVEY

                     PER  CAPITA  COSTS FD*  CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FAC1L1T1FS
                                             BASED ON 2000 POPULATION
                                          * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                             POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                               CATEGORIES I THRU V
STATE
* ESTIMATE
947,377
515,777
513,675
501,930
9, 060, $10
948,828
1,383,067
390,486
186,077
it.976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,643
4,224,793
"1,205,646
1,096,588
1,103,252
2.085,385
1.136,873
1,638,839
3,069,432
3,426,945
4,639,749
1,351,950
774,969
2,535,491
125,986
317,681
282,841
1,154,711
4,196,374
158,752
15,146,365
1,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1,536,102
5,391,589
945,772
840,375
212,691
1,757,853
3,110,790
399,396
461,772
2,008,651
2,848,103
1.846,767
2,123,818
75,094
57,318
44,858
56,322
987,575
90,237
44,120
EPA
* ASSESSMENT
947,377
515,777
512. B75
501,930
8,041,449
948,628
1,383,067
389,310
180,077
4,976,527
1 ,755,995
859,17fc
446,643
4,105,836
4,205,646
1,096,568
1 ,103,188
2,085,365
1,136.873
1 ,638,839
2,910,164
3,426,945
4,485,332
1,347,694
774,969
2,535,324
125,986
317,681
260,078
1,154,711
4,196,374
15B.752
14,156,469
1 ,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1,536,102
5,358,454
945,772
840.375
207,041
1 ,757,853
3,110,742
399.396
460,989
2,008,651
2,761,303
1,845,897
1 ,797,595
75,094
57,316
44,858
56,322
977,206
90,287
44,120

2000 POP.
4,140
667
4,149
2,970
26,786
3,868
3,741
641
661
15,049
7,053
1,366
1.133
12,358
5,732
3,101
2,517
4,224
4,659
1,222
5,593
6,614
10,314
4,505
2,740
5,225
832
1,734
1,141
1,306
P.747
1,436
18,922
7,419
690
12,031
3,396
3,209
12,355
1,033
3,700
730
5,573
18,069
1 ,638
607
6,755
4,417
2,003
5,553
484
40
275
35
4,700
170
116
STATE CCSTS
PER CAPITA
22!:
773
123
U9
336
245
369
464
281
330
248
62C
377
341
733
353
436
493
244
.1.341
549
518
449
300
282
465
157
163
247
884
479
110
800
223
119
563
168
478
436
915
227
291
315
172
236
760
297
644
922
32
155
1,432
163
1,609
210
531
360
EPA COSTS
PF.P CAPITA
22P
773
123
169
300
245
369
462
2fll
330
246
628
377
332
733
353
438
493
244
1,341
521
518
434
299
2S2
465
157
183
227
884
479
110
748
223
119
563
168
478
433
915
227
283
315
172
236
759
297
625
921
323
155
1,432
163
1,609
-207
531
3PO
DIFF. IN PER
CAPITA COSTS
+ 0
+0
+0
+0
-38
+0
40
-2
tO
40
+ 0
+ 0
40
_0
+0
40
+0
40
40
40
-2fl
+ 0
-15
-I
40
*0
40
+ 0
-20
+0
+ 0
+0
-52
+ 0
40
+ 0
40
0
-3
40
40
-8
40
+ 0
40
-1
40
-19
-1
-59
+0
40
40
40
-3
40
40
 U.S. TOTALS
                        109,087,470   106,153,617
                                                      270,414
                                                                                       39?
                                                                                                       -11

-------
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
PIST. OF COL UN.
F-LC'RIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANS
KCNSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
K'EtRASKA
NEVADA
MEh HAMPSHIRE
NEf- JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHI3
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
CARIAMAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIKGIN ISLANDS
                                                !''/>  Nttl'S SUtM/tY

                                      CJSTS ANP mit'NTASf 3f NATIONAL NEEDS
                                       FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TREATMENT  PLANTS
                                            THOUSANDS !)F  1^78 DOLLARS
                                               CATL-GDRtES  I AND  II
                                                                                               FfFPUARY 10,
                                                                                               TABLE 2ft
                                                                                                            1979
COSTS PFktFNTiGt OF NAT 10
1978
STATE
ESTIMATE




4




1



1







1
]







1

4


1


1




1













346
339
192
235
,671
552
346
94
15
,674
668
341
177
,498
582
497
417
457
463
143
94B
,027
,216
722
316
B03
44
162
19B
293
,790
82
,457
605
48
,743
246
425
,665
241
222
144
556
,219
237
130
76S
782
385
999
53
22
39
17
359
41
16
,059
,630
,2DO
,892
,C91
,t'HO
,503
,873
,436
,127
,3B9
,33R
,542
,264
,732
,913
,503
,323
,CSB
,E12
,218
,054
,532
,547
,128
,144
,423
,613
,376
,093
,495
,091
,591
,250
,178
,033
,156
,526
,791
,695
,042
,324
,553
,866
,2Bfi
,818
,518
,627
,240
,134
,179
,894
,496
,330
, P43
,B62
,425
197S
EPA
ASSESSMENT
346
339
192
236
4,671
552
346
94
15
I,f74
668
341
177
1,330
582
497
417
457
463
143
663
1 ,027
1,147
71&
316
b03
44
162
186
293
1,790
82
3,684
605
48
1,743
246
425
1 ,638
241
222
143
556
1,219
237
130
768
7B2
3B5
736
53
22
39
17
356
41
16
,OP9
,630
,200
,092
,591
,680
,C03
,b73
,406
,127
,3P9
,33t
,54J
,37S
,732
, 9 1 fc
,5C3
,323
,0P8
,312
,742
,054
,576
,291
.121
,136
,423
,612
,742
,083
,495
,091
,367
,25C
,178
,033
,156
,526
,161
, BB5
,042
,149
,551'
,866
,26e
,035
,518
,627
,025
,769
,17(1
,894
,496
,330
,585
,862
,425
1978 STATt
DIFFEREMCE
+ 0
+0
to
+ 0
tO
to
tO
to
to
to
to
tO
tO
-117,336
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
-B4.476
to
-69,036
-4,256
tO
-8
tO
tO
-11,634
tO
tO
tO
-773,2')4
tO
+ 0
+ 0
tO
tO
-27,626
tO
to
-1,175
to
to
+0
-733
tO
+ 0
-215
-262,365
+ 0
+ 0
to
to
-3,258
tO
tO
ESTIMATE
0
0
0
0
12
1
0
0
0
5
1
0
0
4
1
1
1
1
1
0
2
2
3
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
4
0
12
1
0
4
0
1
4
0
0
0
1
3
0
0
2
2
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.9314
.9190
.5201
.6410
.6416
.4961
.9376
.2567
.0416
.0715
.8087
.9236
.4804
.0544
.5769
.3474
.1297
.2375
.2531
.3691
.5659
.7792
.2921
.9552
.8554
.1733
.1202
.4405
.5366
.7931
.8452
.2221
.0625
.637f.
.1303
.7167
.6661
.1515
.5077
.6545
.6008
.3905
.5060
.3010
.6421
.3540
.0796
.1176
.0424
.7037
.1439
.0615
,106f.
.0468
.9737
.1132
.0444
1976 EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.
0.
0.
0.
13.
1.
0.
0.
0.
5.
1.
0.
0.
3.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
0.
2.
2.
q.
2.
0.
2.
0.
0.
0.
0.
5.
0.
10.
1.
0.
4.
0.
1.
4.
0.
0.
0.
1.
3.
0.
0.
2.
2.
1.
2.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
0.
0.
9721
9540
5399
6654
1231
5531
9733
2665
0432
2646
6776
9589
49B7
8776
6369
3987
1728
2B46
300P
403
4263
8651
2237
0177
eeeo
2561
1247
4573
5245
8233
0297
2306
3499
7002
1?53
8964
6914
1953
6016
6794
6237
4021
5634
4267
6665
3652
15S6
1985
0815
0696
1493
0643
1109
04R6
0016
1175
0461
DIFFERENCE

  +0.0357
  +0.0350
  +0.019B
  +0.0244
  +0.4815
  +0.0570
  +0.0357
  +0,0098
  +0.0016
  +0.1931
  +0.0689
  +0.0352
  +0.0183
  -0.1767
  +0.0600
  + 0.0513
  +0.0431
  +0.0471
  +0.0477
  +0.0148
  -0.1395
  +0.1059
  -0.0683
  +0.0625
  +0.0326
  +0.0828
  +0.0045
  +0.016B
  -0.0122
  +0.0302
  +0.1845
  +0.0085
  -1.7125
  +0.0624
  +0.0050
  +0.1797
  +0.0253
  +0.0438
  +0.0941
  +0.0249
  +0.0229
  +0.0116
  +0.0574
  +0.1257
  +0.0244
  +0.0112
  +0.0792
  +0.0807
  +0.0391
  -0.6340
  +0.0054
  +0.0024
  +0.00*1
  +0.0018
  +0.0279
  +0.0043
  +0.0017
U.S. TOTALS
                         36.953.B77   35,597,965   -1,355,892
                                                                                    100.0000
                                                                                                       +0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                              TABLE 27
                                                                                                           1979
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
OELAHARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEW  JERSEY
NEH  MEXICO
NEH  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
 SOUTH  CAROLINA
 SOUTH  DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 WASHINGTON
 WEST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN
 WYOMING
 AMERICAN  SAMOA
 GUAM
 MARIANAS  GROUP
 PUERTO RICO
 PAC. TR.  TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS

 U.S. TOTALS
                                                1978   NEEDS  SURVEY

                                      COSTS  AND  PERCENTAGE OF  NATIONAL  NEEDS
                       FDR CONSTRUCTION DF  PUBLICLY-OWNED WASTEWATER  TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                            THOUSANDS  DF  1978 DOLLARS
                                            CATEGORIES  1, II  AND  IV  B
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
526,726
434,801
391 ,988
336,032
6,299,037
818,942
528,924
216,505
15,406
3,336,469
1,078,898
661,083
262,092
1,781,696
894,090
699,896
707,336
843,245
757,777
298,397
1 ,343,552
1,570,084
1,892,828
970,542
485,110
1,481,438
64,776
213,216
242,928
588,937
2,391,934
114,742
6,394,502
1,043,637
63,007
2,568,231
375,263
726,586
2,198,076
342,523
473,730
175,620
922,398
2,222,280
295,048
162,078
1,283,539
1,263,901
574,831
1,334,411
62,823
46,694
43,266
38,330
686,651
57,504
32,702
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
526,726
434,801
391,988
336,032
6,299,037
618,942
528,924
215,329
15,406
3,336,469
1,078,698
661,083
262,092
1,662,739
694,090
699,896
707,336
843,245
757,777
298,397
1,186,607
1,570,084
1,819,075
966,286
485, 11C
1,481,430
64,776
213,216
220,165
568,907
2,391,934
114,742
5,548,236
1,043,637
63,007
2,568,231
375,263
726,586
2,167,295
342,523
473,780
172,946
922,398
2,222,232
295,046
161 ,295
1,283,539
1,263,901
574,611)
1,038,760
62,823
46,684
43,266
36,330
676,612
57,b04
32,702

DIFFERENCE
+0
+ 0
to
+ 0
+0
+ 0
+ 0
-1,176
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
-116,957
tO
+0
+ 0
+ 0
to
+ 0
-156,745
+ 0
-73,753
-4,256
tO
-8
to
to
-22,763
tO
tO
tO
-B46.266
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
tO
tO
-30, 791
tO
to
-2,672
to
-48
tO
-7S3
+ 0
+ 0
-215
-295,651
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
tO
-10,039
+ 0
+ 0
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
0.9467
0.7814
0.7045
0.6039
11.3216
1.4719
0.9506
0.3891
0.0276
5.9966
1.9391
1.1862
0.4710
3.2023
1 .6070
1.2579
1.2713
1 .5156
1 .3620
0.5363
2.4148
2.822C
3.4020
1.7444
0.6719
2.6626
0.1164
0.3832
0.4366
1.0584
4.2991
0.2062
11 .4932
1.8757
0.1132
4.6160
0.6744
1 .3059
3.9507
0.6156
0.8515
0.3156
1.657fc
3.9942
0.5303
0.2913
2.3069
2.27H
1.0331
2.3964
0.1129
0.083<>
0.0777
0.06fcfc
1.2341
0.1035
0.0567
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.9741
0.8041
0.7249
0.6214
11.6491
1.5145
0.9781
0.3982
0.0284
6.1703
1.9952
1.2225
0.4847
3.0749
1.6534
1.2943
1.3081
1.5594
1.4013
0.551P
2.194S
2.9036
3.364]
1.7E70
0.6971
2.7396
0.1197
0.3943
0.4071
1.0890
4.4235
0.2121
10.2606
1.9300
0.1165
4.749C
0.6939
1.3437
4.0060
0.6334
0. 8761
0.319R
1.7058
4.1096
0.5456
0.2962
2.3737
2.3373
1.0626
1.9210
0.1161
0.0863
0.000
0.070
1.2?. 12
0. 1063
0.0604
                         55,637,0i>8   )4,072,95t   -1,564,113
                                                                  100.0003
                                                                                   100.0POO
DIFFERENCE

  +0.0274
  +0.0227
  +0.0204
  +0.0175
  +0.3275
  +0.0426
  +0.0275
  +0.0091
  +0.0006
  + 0.1735
  +0.0561
  +0.0343
  +0.0137
  -0.1273
  +0.0464
  +0.0364
  +0.0368
  +0.0438
  +0.0393
  +0.0155
  -0.2199
  +0.0816
  -0.0378
  +0.0426
  +0.0252
  +0.0770
  +0.0033
  +0.0111
  -0.0294
  +0.0306
  +0.1244
  +0.0059
  -1.2325
  + 0.0543
  +0.0033
  + 0.1335
  +0.0195
  +0.0378
  +0.0573
  +0.0178
  +0.0246
  +0.0042
  +0.0480
  +0.1154
  +0.0153
  +0.0069
  +0.0666
  +0.0657
  +0.0295
  -0.4773
  to.0032
  tO.0024
  to.0023
  tO.0020
  to.0171
  +0.0030
  tO.0017

  tD.OOOC

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10i  1979
                                                                                              TABLE 28
                                                1978  MEEDS SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND  PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                         FOR IMPROVEMENT OF TREATMENT PLANTS TO ACHIEVE  SECONDARY  LEVEL
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                   CATEGORY 1
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM,
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
I DMA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAIN!
MARYLAND
PtSSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
ME V404
NE HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
fJEH MEXICO
NEV. YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
LHI3
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
frHOOE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UT6H
VEK4DNT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
k'EST VIRGINIA
XI SCON SIN
HVC'tlNG
MEXICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MAhllSAS GROUP
PUFRTO RICO
PAC. IR. TERR.
VIK;IN ISLANDS

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
150,900
333,660
182, $20
65,172ft
44,214
439,709
590,292
271,983
98,972
49,231
22,894
38,327
17,330
339, 739
41,8i>2
16,42!;
. tQSIS 	
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
150,900
333,660
182,420
65,174
2,691,832
236,658
207,071
573
0
468,246
126,674
330,266
79.24C
96,707
46,338
131,770
294,203
84,195
405,453
121, ?B6
20,523
776,080
171,311
12,584
55,795
779,566
37,974
159,948
65,141
197,946
924, 31
b2,084
2,393.139
149,020
48,176
Bfc,182
33,475
21,922
506,163
144, 931:
158,419
43,304
168,914
4,88?
6,926
44,214
439,709
590,292
271,7f>t
100,147
49,231
22,894
38,327
17,330
336,481
41,862
16,4;";


DIFFEREMCE
tO
tO
to
+ 0
tO
to
+ 0
tO
tO
+ 0
*0
tO
to
tO
to
to
tO
to
to
tO
-1,115
tO
-1 ,999
-4,256
tO
-8
to
tO
-11,634
tO
to
to
-39,733
tO
to
tO
to
tO
-22,040
tO
*0
-1,175
tO
tO
*0
to
to
tO
-215
tl,175
to
tO
tO
tO
-3,258
tO
to
E
1978 STAT
ESTIMATE
0.9944
2.1988
1.2021
0.4294
17.7393
1.5595
1.3646
0.0037
0.0000
3.0857
0.8347
2.1764
0.5222
0.5713
0.3053
1.1979
1.9386
0.5546
2.6719
0.7992
0.1425
5.1144
1.1421
0.1109
0.3676
5.1374
0.2502
1.0540
0.5059
1.3044
6.0913
0.4091
16.0326
0.9820
0.3174
0.5679
0.2205
0.1444
3.4806
0.9551
1.0439
0.2931
1.1131
0.0321
0.0456
0.2913
2.8977
3.8900
1.7923
0.662^
0.3244
0.1.50B
0.2525
0.1141
2.2366
0.2758
0.10P2
                                                                         EEBEllUE-DE_B4IJDN/L_IDIALi	
                                                                                    1978  EPA
                                                                                   ASSESSMENT        DIFFERENCE
 0.9944
 2.1988
 1.2021
 0.4294
17.7393
 1.5595
 1.3646
 0.0037
 0.0000
 3.0857
 0.8347
 2.1764
 0.5222
 0.5713
 0.3053
 1.1979
 1.9388
 0.5548
 2.6719
 0.7992
 0.1425
 5.1144
 1.1421
 0.1109
 0.3676
 5.1374
 0.2502
 1.0540
 0.5059
 1.3044
 6.0912
 0.4091
16.0326
 0.9820
 0.3174
 0.5679
 0.2?05
 0.1444
 3.4808
 0.9551
 1.0439
 0.2931
 1.1131
 0.0321
 0.0456
 0.2913
 2.8977
 3.8900
 1.7923
 0.6522
 0.3244
 0.150S
 0.2525
 0.1141
 2.23B8
 0.275S
 0.10P2
-0.0055
-0.0122
-0.0067
-0.0023
-0.0990
-O.OOP7
-0.0076
tO.0000
*0.0000
-0.0172
-0.0046
-0.0121
-0.0029
-0.0031
-0.0016
-0.0066
-0.0108
-0.0030
-0.0149
-0.0044
tO.0065
-0.0285
to.0068
to.0275
-0.0020
-0.0286
-0.0013
-0.0058
to.0742
-0.0072
-0.0339
-0.0022
tO.1736
-0.0054
-0.0017
-0.0031
-0.0012
-o.oooe
to.1266
-0.0053
-0.005B
tO.0061
-0.0062
-O.OOOJ
-O.OOC-
-0.0016
-0.0161
-0.0217
-0.0085
-0.0114
-o.ooie
-o.oooe
-0.0014
-0.0006
to.0090
-0.0015
-0.0005
U.S. TOTALS
                         15,174,319    15,090,091
                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
                                                                                                      tO.0000

-------
                                                                                               FEBRUARY 10.
                                                                                               TABLE  2!iIlCN.AL_lCI4Li	
                                                                                     1976  EM
                                                                                    ASSESSMENT       DIFFERENCE
                         21.779,558   20,507,89'*   -1.271,664
                                                                  100.0000
  0.9516
  0.0291
  0.0476
  0.8373
  9.6536
  1.5419
  0.6798
  0.4598
  0.0751
  6.8553
  2.6414
  0.0539
  0.4792
  6.3081
  2.615*
  1.5415
  0.6012
  1 .,8194
  0.2P10
  0.109B
  4.1116
  1.2237
  4.7604
  3.4411
  1.2694
  0.1149
  0.0314
  0.0139
  0.5929
  0.4638
  4.2236
  0.0975
 /6.2963
 ' 2.2246
  0.0000
  8.0790
  1.0370
  1.9680
  5.5198
  0.4727
  0.310?
  0.4868
  1.8902
  5.9244
  1.1232
  0.41B4
  1.6033
  0.937P
  0.5522
  3.1042
  0.0192
  0.0000
  0.0056
  0.0000
  0.0980
  0.0000
  0.0000

100.0000
 +0.0556
 -(0.0017
 +0.0027
 +0.0489
 +0.5637
 +0.0900
 +0.0397
 +0.0269
 +0.0044
 +0.4003
 +0.1542
 +0.0031
 +0.0279
 -0.1729
 +0.1527
 +0.0900
 +0.0351
 +0.1062
 +0.0164
 +0.0064
 -0.1426
 +0.0714
 -0.0296
 +0.2009
 +0.0741
 +0.0067
 +0.0018
 +0.0008
 +0.0346
 +0.0270
 +0.2466
 +0.0057
 -3.0001
 +0.1299
 +0.0000
 +0.4717
 +0.0605
 +0.1149
 +0.2967
 +0.0276
 +0.0181
 +0.0284
 +0.1104
 +0.3459
 +0.0656
 +0.0208
 +0.0936
 +0.0548
 +0.0322
 -1.0287
 +0.0011
 +0.0000
 +0.0003
 +0.0000
 +0.0057
 +0.0000
+0.0000

+0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FFSRUARY 10,  1979
                                                                                              TABU' 30
                                                lr,7!   NE.fi US  SUi-VEY

                                       CDSTS  AND Pf-kClHTAGE  3F  NATIONAL NCECS
                                  FDI.  CORRECTION CF  INF 1 L TR.U I ON/ INFLOW CONDITIONS
                                            THOUSANDS  OF   1978  DOLLARS
                                                  U TEGDRY I II  /.
ALABAMA
ALASKA
AR1ZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNtCTICUT
DELAWARE
PIST. OF CCLUM.
FLORIDA
GLD3GIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
IMDIANA
ICWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NFP3ASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEK JERSEY
NEK MFX1CO
NEW YORK
NOPTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHI1
OKLAHOMA
OREGON'
PENNSYLVANIA
PHD3E ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VER-tONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE:
86,63'i
30,759
1,449
29,861
75, 23*
10,038
31, 257
2,780
0
70,964
7S,?73
27
14,628
144,613
36,491
80,305
48,179
74,190
45.R4E
13,573
7,250
3,827
69,726
28,132
98,5(34
59.K34
2,708
1,071
1,340
6.B19
137,654
93
108,453
67,0*1
!<,
256,455
36,454
51,379
10,378
10,598
51,934
3, 141
124,660
214 ,956
40,689
2,250
11,660
170,274
2,291
78,758
7,863
0
596
0
14,531
0
115
C.QSIS
197 EPA
ASSESSMENT
e<>,63'/
30,759
1 ,449
29.B64
75,234
lO.Oht
31,237
2,760
t.
70,964
76,273
27
14,626
144,613
36,491
80,305
48,115
74,180
45,845
13,573
7,250
3,927
43,860
28,102
9B,58i
59,834
2,706
1,071
1,340
6,819
137,654
96
103,955
67,041
514
256, 455
36,45i(
51,379
10,376
10,598
51 ,984
3,141
124,660
214,956
40,689
2,260
11,860
83,474
1 ,636
76,702
7,363
0
596
0
14,531
0
115
PFRCKNTAGF Of NAT 10

OIFFERE >ICE
+ 0
*C
*0
*0
*0
0
*0
0
*0
tO
+ 0
0
*0
*0
*0
*0
-64
*0
*0
tO
tO
tO
-25 ,866
tO
to
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
-4,498
tO
to
+0
to
tO
to
0
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
-86,800
-655
-2,056
to
tO
to
tO
to
tO
*0
1978 S1ATE
ESTIMATE
3,3677
1.2027
0.0566
1.1677
2.941ft
0.3944
1.2214
0.1087
o.ocoo
2.774B
3.0606
0.0010
0.5719
5.6547
1.4268
3.1401
1.8639
2.9006
1 .7926
0.5307
0.2834
0.1496
2.7264
1 .0988
3.8548
2.3396
0.1058
0.0418
0.0523
0.2666
5.3625
0.0036
4.2407
2.6214
0.0200
10.0279
1.4254
2.0090
0.4058
0.4144
2.0326
0.1220
4.8744
8.4052
1.5910
0.06B3
0.4637
6.65E1
0.0895
3.0796
0.3074
0.0000
0.0233
0.0000
0.5661
0.0000
0.0044
?97t EPA
ASSESSMENT
3.5544
1.2619
0.0594
1.2252
3.0865
0.413P
1.2815
0.1 140
0.0000
2.9113
3.211?
C.0010
0.6001
5.9329
1.4970
3.2946
1.9739
3.0433
i.eeoe
0.5568
0.2974
0.1569
1.7994
1.1529
4.0445
2.4547
0.1110
0.0439
0.0549
0.2797
5.6474
0.0040
4.264P
2.7504
0.0210
10.5214
1.4955
2.1076
0.4257
0.4347
2.1327
o.i?ee
5.1143
B.8188
1.6693
0.0927
0.4865
3.4246
0.0671
3.1468
0.3225
o.oooo
0.0244
0.0000
0.5961
0.0000
0.0047
DIFFERENCE

  to.1667
  tO.0592
  to.0028
  tO.0575
  tO.1447
  to.0194
  tO.0601
  tO.0053
  tO.0000
  tO.1365
  tO.1506
  to.0000
  *0.0282
  tO.2782
  tO.0702
  tO.1545
  to.0900
  to.1427
  to.0882
  tO.0261
  to.0140
  tO.0073
  -0.9269
  tO.0541
  to.1897
  to.1151
  to.0052
  to.0021
  tO.0026
  tO.0131
  to.2649
  to.0002
  tO.0241
  tO.1290
  to.0010
  to.4935
  tO.0701
  fO.0986
  to.0199
  to.0203
  tO.1001
  tO.0060
  to.2399
  +0.4136
  to.0783
  tO.0044
  t0.022B
  -3.2334
  -0.0223
  +0.0672
  tO.0151
  +0,0000
  +0.0011
  +0.0000
  +0.0280
  +0.0000
  +0.0003
U.S. TOTALS
                         2,557,391
                                       2,437,452
                                                     -119,939
                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
                                                                                                      +0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY  10,
                                                                                              TABLt  31
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEW  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIU
OKHHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
 SOUTH CAROLINA
 SOUTH DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 WASHINGTON
 WEST VIRGINIA
 HISCONSIN
 WYOMING
 AMERICAN SAMOA
 GUAM
 MARIANAS GROUP
 PUERTO RICO
 PAC. TR. TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS
                                                197P  NEEDS SURVEY

                                      COSTS AND PERCENTAGE 3F NATIONAL NEEDS
                              FDR  CORRECTION OF MAJBR REHABILITATION AND REPLACEMENT
                                            THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                  CATEGORY III &

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
2,376
B*
860
2,016
8*. 130
90,*25
18,881
*95
0
0
1,560
0
315
3,858
15,720
2D8
16,83*
0
12,3*9
1*,059
1,3*7,912
61,937
81,022
12,*93
0
7,323
1,479
0
369
16,*"iO
1<*1*
1,233
2,762,267
0
1,5*2
8,031
20,951
38,901
0
2,565
0
1 ,19*
0
67,52*
0
10,896
1,529
60,056
665
159,638
0
1.1B9
0
0
9,218
0
0
C.QSIS
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
2,376
8*
860
2,016
B*,100
90,*25
18,881
*95
0
0
1,560
0
315
3,858
15,720
208
16,83*
0
12,3*9
1*,059
1,3*7,912
61 ,937
32,685
12,*93
0
7,323
1,*79
0
369
16,440
1 ,41*
1 ,203
2,762 ,267
0
1 ,542
8,031
20,961
38,901
0
2,565
0
1,19*
0
67,52*
0
10,896
1 ,529
60,056
665
143,853
0
1,189
0
0
9,211-
C
0


DIFFERENCE
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+0
+0
+ 0
+0
+0
+0
+0
+0
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+ 0
-*8,337
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
-15,755
+0
+ 0
+ 0
+0
+ 0
+0
+ 0
	 	 1
1978 STA
ESTIMATI
0.0*130
0.0016
0.017*
0.0*07
1.7017
1.8297
0.3820
0.0100
0.0000
o.oooo
0.0315
0.0000
0.0063
0.07BO
0.3180
0.00*2
0.3*06
0.0000
0.2*96
0.28**
27.2751
1.2533
1.639*
0.2527
0.0000
0.1481
0.0299
0.0000
0.007*
0.3326
0.028f.
0.02*3
55.89*7
O.OCOO
0.0312
'0.1625
0.42*1
0.7671
0.0000
0.0519
o.ooou
0.02*1
O.QOOO
1.3663
0.0000
0.2204
0.0309
1.2152
0.0134
3.23C2
0.0000
0.0240
O.OCOO
0.0000
O.ltf,5
O.OCOO
0.0000
                                                                          EtBCEN.IAfiE_OE_l!lAI.lDM4L_IBI4LS.	
                                                                                     1976  FPA
                                                                                    ASSESSMENT        DIFFERENCE
 0.0487
 0.0017
 0.0176
 0.0*13
 1. 1.4538
 0.3P70
 0.0101
 0.0000
 0.0000
 0.0319
 0.0000
 0.0064
 0.0790
 0.322?
 0.00*2
 0.3*51
 0.0000
 0.2531
 0.28B2
27.6336
 1.2697
 0.6700
 0.2561
 0.0000
 0.1501
 0.0303
 C.fcOOO
 0.0075
 0.3370
 0.0269
 0.0246
56.6295
 0.0000
 0.0316
 0.*27
 0.7975
 0.0000
 0.05 25
 0.0000
 0.0?**
 0.0000
 1.3843
 0.0000
 0.2233
 0.0313
 1.23J2
 0.0136
 0.0000
 0.02*3
 0.0000
 O.COOO
 0.1SU9
 0.0000
 0.0000
+0.0007
+0.0001
*0.0002
+0.0006
tO.022*
+0.02*1
+0.0050
+0.0001
+0.0000
+O.QOOO
+0.000*
+0.0000
+0.0001
+0.0010
+0.00*2
+0.0000
+0.00*5
+0.0000
+0.0033
+0.0038
+0.3585
+0.016*
-0.9693
+0.003*
+0.0000
+0.0020
+0.000*
+0.0000
+0.0001
+0.00**
+0.0003
+0.0003
+0.73*8
+0.0000
+0.000*
+0.0021
+0.0056
+0,010*
+0,0000
+0.0006
+0.0000
+0.0003
+0.0000
+0.01SO
+0.0000
+0.0029
+0.000*
+0.0160
+0.000?
-o.zeio
+0.0000
+0.0003
+0.0000
+0.0000
+0.002*
+0.0000
+0.0000
 U.S. TOTALS
                          *,9*1,
                                       *.877,7Be.
                                                      -6*,122
                                                                                                       +0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                              TABLE 32
                                                1976  NEEDS  SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND  PERCENTAGE 3F  NATIONAL  NEEDS
                         FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ELIGIBLE NEW COLLECTORS AND  APPURTENANCES
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                 CATEGORY   IV A
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
01 ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
PECRGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAIME
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
HISSISSIPP1
MISSOURI
MONTANA
SEE*ASKA
NEVADA
NE*f HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NfW YORK
N3RTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OSEGtlN
PENNSYLVANIA
RHOOE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WE?T VIRGINIA
hi SCOMSI'i
WYOMING
A^E^ICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERP.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
331 ,636
40,968
118,578
134,018
1,415,363
28,712
405,113
41,745
0
1,560,561
378,532
198,066
112,352
162,096
338,590
123,294
121,127
575,541
320,902
220,290
223,637
754,897
993, P82
153,599
157,969
228,977
23,787
32,58B
38,234
269,549
655,609
42,709
2,576,005
479,955
3.5B4
683, 61B
139,423
287,903
985,029
260,744
314, HI
8,679
512,333
566, B82
61 ,450
77,557
438,91?
460,554
514,779
282,106
1 ,?44
9,44';-
096
17,992
257,815
32,783
11,303
_ C.BSIS 	
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
331,636
40,968
118,578
134,016
1,415,363
28,712
405,113
41,745
0
1,560,561
378,532
198,066
112,352
152,896
338,590
123,294
121,127
575,541
320,902
220,290
221,064
754,897
987,421
153,599
157,989
228, B18
23,797
32,588
36,204
269,549
655,609
42,709
2,436,873
479,955
3,5B4
683,618
139,423
287,903
982 ,675
260,744
314,611
5,701
512,333
566, 8S2
61 ,460
77,557
438,912
460,554
514,779
269,37?
1 ,244
9,445
996
17,992
257,485
32,783
11 ,303


DIFFERENCE
tO
+ 0
+ 0
tO
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
+ 0
+ 0
to
to
to
tO
tO
tO
to
to
-2,573
tO
-6,461
tO
tO
-159
tO
to
to
tO
tO
tO
-139,132
to
to
to
to
tO
-2,354
to
+ 0
-2,978
to
tO
to
tO
tC
tO
tO
-12,711
tC
t()
tC
to
-33C
tO
tO
EEBtE
1976 STATE
ESTIMATE
1.7262
0.2134
0.6179
0.6983
7.3757
0.1496
2.1111
0.2175
0.0000
8.1323
1.9725
1.0321
0.5854
0.8488
1.76*4
0.6*25
0.6312
2.9992
1.6722
1.1*79
1.1654
3.9339
5.1793
0.8004
0.8233
1.1932
0.1239
0.1696
0.1990
1.404b
3.4165
0.2225
13.4240
2.5011
0.0166
3.5624
0.7265
1.5003
5.1331
1.3587
1.6394
0.0452
2.6698
2.95*1
0.3202
0.4041
2.287?
2.4000
2.6826
1.4701
0.0064
0.0492
0.0061
0.0937
1.3435
0.1706
0.0566

1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
1.7433
0.2153
0.6233
0.7045
7.4*03
0.1509
2.1296
0.2194
0.0000
8.2036
1.9898
1.0*11
0.5906
0.8563
1.7799
0.6*81
0.6367
3.0255
1.6869
1.1580
1.1620
3.9683
5.1907
0.8074
0.8305
1.2026
0.1250
0.1713
0.2008
1.4169
3.4464
0.2245
12.8103
2.5230
0.018P
3.5936
0.7329
I. 5134
5.1657
1.3706
1.6538
0.0299
2.6932
2.9800
0.3230
0.4076
2.3072
2.4210
2.7061
1.4160
0.0065
0.0496
0.0052
0.0945
1.3535
0.1723
0.0594
DIFFERENCE

  tO.0151
  +0.0018
  +0.005*
  +0.0061
  +0.06*6
  +0.0013
  +0.016*
  +0.0018
  +0.0000
  +0.0712
  +0.0172
  +0.0090
  +0.0051
  +0.0074
  +0.015*
  +0.0056
  +0.0055
  +0.0262
  +0.01*6
  +0.0100
  -0.0033
  +0.03**
  +0.011*
  +0.0070
  +0.0072
  +0.0096
  +0.0010
  +0.001*
  +0.0017
  +0.0123
  +0.0299
  +0.0019
  -0.6137
  +0.
-------
                                                                                              FFfiRUiRY  10,
                                                                                              TJBLE 33
                                                1S7B  NEEDS SURVEY

                                      COSTS  AND PERCENTAGE  OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                              FOR  CONSTRUCTION  OF  NEW INTERCEPTORS AND APPURTENANCES
                                            THOUSANDS OF  1976 DOLLARS
                                                  CATEGORY   IV B
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
01 ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
CEOSGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEW  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
SOUTH  CAROLINA
SOUTH  DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
 WlSCONS1N
 WYOMING
 AMERICAN  SAMOA
 GUAM
 MAR UNAS  GROUP
 PUERTO RICO
 PIC. TP.  TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS

1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
180,667
95,171
199,738
99,140
1 ,627,446
266,062
182,421
121,632
0
1,462,342
410,509
319,745
84,550
283,432
311,356
201 ,978
289,833
385,922
294,689
154,585
395,334
543,030
676,246
247,995
168,982
678,294
20,353
50,403
44,552
295,824
601 ,439
32,651
1,936,911
438,387
14,829
825,198
129,107
301 ,060
532,285
100,638
251 ,738
31,296
365, B40
1,002,414
57,760
31,260
515,021
481,274
189,59]
335,277
9,645
23,790
3,770
21 ,000
326,808
15,64?
16,277
C.Q5I5
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT
180,667
95,171
199,786
99,140
1,627,446
266,062
182,421
120,456
0
1,462,342
410,509
319,745
64,550
282,361
311,356
201,978
289,833
385,922
294,689
154,565
323,065
543,030
671 ,499
247.995
168,982
678,294
20,353
50,403
33,423
295,824
601,439
32,651
1,863,849
438,387
14,629
825,198
129,107
301,060
529,130
100,638
251,738
29,799
365,840
1,002,366
57,760
31 ,260
515,021
461,274
189,591
301 ,991
9,645
23,790
3,770
21 ,000
320,027
15,64;
16,277


DIFFERENCE
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
+ 0
-1 ,176
tO
tO
to
tO
+ 0
-1,071
tO
+0
tO
+ 0
to
tO
-72,269
tO
-4,747
tO
to
tO
tO
+ 0
-11 ,129
+ 0
+ 0
tO
-73,062
tO
tO
+ 0
+0
to
-3,155
tO
tO
-1,497
*0
-48
to
to
to
to
+0
-33  2d6
+ 0
to
tO
tO
-6,731
*0
tO
EtEQE
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
0.9670
0.5093
1.0693
0.5306
6.7107
1.4240
0.9763
0.6510
0.0000
7.8270
2.1972
1.7114
0.4525
1.517C
1 .6665
1.0810
1.5513
2.0656
1.5772
0.8274
2.115S
2.9065
3.6195
1.3273
0.9044
3.6305
0.1069
0.2697
0.2384
1.5633
3.2191
0.1747
10.3671
2.3464
0.0793
4.4167
0.6910
1 .6113
2.8490
0.5386
1 .3474
0.1675
1.9581
5. 3653.
0.3C91
0.1673
2.7566
2.5759
1 .0147
1.794t
0.0516
0.1273
0.020]
0.1124
1.7492
C.OS3-/
0.0671

T97B EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.9778
0.5151
1.0F13
0.5366
8.8089
1.4401
0.9873
0.6519
0.0000
7.9152
2.2219
1.7306
0.4576
1.52S3
l.f.852
1.0932
1.5687
2.0PP?
1.5950
O.f 367
1.7486
2.9392
3.6346
1.3423
0.9146
3. (714
0.1101
0.272P
0.1808
1.6012
3.2554
0.1 767
10.0884
2.3728
0.0802
4.4665
0.6988
1.6295
2.8640
0.5447
1.3625
0.1612
1.9801
5.425r-
0.3126
0. 1691
?.lf 76
2.604P
1.0261
1.634b
0.0521
0. 1287
0.020?
0.1 136
1 .7322
0.&H46
O.OPFO
DIFFERENCE

  to.OJOB
  +0.0058
  tO.0120
  to.0060
  to.0982
  +0.0161
  +0.0110
  +0.0009
  +0.0000
  +0.0882
  +0.0247
  +0.0192
  +0.0051
  +0.0113
  +0.0187
  +0.0122
  +0.0174
  +0.0232
  +0.0178
  +0.0093
  -0.3672
  +0.0377
  +0.0151
  +0.0150
  +0.0102
  +0.0409
  +0.0012
  +0.0031
  -0.0574
  +0.0179
  +0.0363
  +0.0020
  -0.2785
  +0.0264
  +0.0009
  to.0498
  +0.0078
  +0.0182
  +0.0150
  +0.006]
  +0.0151
  -0.0062
  +0.0220
  +0.0602
  +0.0035
  +0.0018
  +0.0310
  +0.0290
  +0.0]14

  to .0005
  +0.0014
  to.0002
  tO.0012
  -0.0169
  +0.0009
  to.0009
                         16,683,191   18,474,970
                                                                  JOO.OOCG
                                                                                                      +0.0000

-------
                                                                                             FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                             TABLE 34
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
01 ST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SQUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
                                               197b  NEEDS SURVEY

                                     COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                                   FOR CORRECTION OF COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOWS
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                                   CATEGORY V
COSTS PERCFNTAGE DF NATID
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE




I








2
2




1

1
1







1

3


3


2



















9


,186

398
128
170
8
218

57
,131
,920
192
209
592

,092
147
,036
,602
187
33
757
33
70

272
,009

,305
67
13
,261

431
,198
329

24
198
39
2
208
272
893
754
268
3



19


0
,165
0
0
,676
661
,912
,961
,671
,533
,732
0
,256
,730
,755
,885
,776
,419
0
,520
,131
,200
,291
.214
,286
,919
,236
,806
0
,996
,763
0
,138
,342
,705
,614
0
,333
.106
,342
0
,057
,462
,148
,199
,981
,811
,318
,231
,905
,164
0
0
0
,360
0
0
1978 EPA
ASSESSMENT

9


167

39B
128
170
8
218

57
2,131
2,920
192
209
592

1,092
147
1,036
1,602
187
33
757
33
70

272
1,009

3,305
67
13
3,261

431
2,198
329

24
196
39
2
206
272
893
754
268
3



19


0
,165
0
0
.715
661
,912
,961
,671
,533
,732
0
,256
,730
,755
,885
,776
,419
0
,520
,131
,200
,291
.214
.286
,919
,236
,806
0
,996
,763
0
,138
,342
,705
,614
0
.333
.106
,342
0
,057
,462
,148
,199
,981
,811
,318
,201
,905
,164
0
0
0
,360
0
0
DIFFERENCE
tO
tO
tO
tO
-1 , OIK, 961
to
to
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
to
tO
to
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
to
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
to
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
0
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
10
0
0
2
0
4
0
3
5
0
0
2
0
0
0
1
3
0
12
0
0
12
0
1
a
i
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.0000
.0342
.0000
.0000
.4342
.0024
.490t
.461fc
.6377
.0316
.8173
.0000
.2139
.9656
.9139
.7207
.7836
.2136
.0000
.0624
.5497
.8719
.9672
.6995
.1243
.8321
.1241
.2645
.0000
.0201
.7731
.0000
.3502
.2516
.0512
.1676
.oooc
.6117
.2136
.2306
.0000
.0896
.7415
.1462
.0082
.7808
.0194
.3380
.8182
.0046
.0116
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0723
.0000
.0000
197!) EPA
ASSESSMENT
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
8.
11.
0.
0.
2.
0.
4.
0.
4.
6.
0.
0.
2.
0.
0.
0.
1.
3.
0.
12.
0.
0.
12.
0.
1.
8.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
3.
2.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0000
0355
0000
0000
6514
0025
5496
5009
6629
0331
B496
OOCO
2224
280f>
3459
7492
8148
3012
0000
2439
5715
0252
2242
7272
1292
9441
]290
2750
0000
0604
9225
0000
8391
2615
0532
6700
0000
6755
5387
2793
0000
0934
7709
1520
0085
8117
0597
4701
9297
0445
0122
0000
0000
0000
0751
0000
0000
DIFFERENCE

  to.0000
  tO.0013
  to.0000
  to.0000
  -3.7826
  tO.0001
  to.0590
  tO.0191
  tO.0252
  tO.0013
  tO.0323
  tO.0000
  to.0085
  tO.3152
  to.4320
  to.0285
  tO.0310
  to.0876
  tO.0000
  to.1615
  tO.0218
  tO.1533
  tO.2370
  to.0277
  to.0049
  tO.1120
  tO.0049
  tO.0105
  to.0000
  tO.0403
  to.1494
  to.0000
  tO.4889
  to.0099
  to.0020
  tO.4824
  tO.0000
  to.0638
  to.3251
  to.0467
  tO.0000
  tO.0036
  to.0294
  to.0058
  tO.0003
  tO.0309
  tO.0403
  tO.1321
  tO.1115
  to.0397
  to.0004
  to.0000
  tO.0000
  tO.0000
  tO.0028
  tO.0000
  +0.0000
U.S. TOTALS
                        26,761,680   25,742,719   -1,018,961
                                                                 100.0000
                                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                                      tO.0000

-------
                                                                                               FEBRUARY 10.
                                                                                               TAfLE 35
ALAHA1&
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
C6LIF3RNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEL'RGl A
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLIMQIS
INDIANA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
KS1NE
."URYLAND
MSSSACHU SETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEtRASKA
NEVADA
NErt  HAMPSHIRE
NEk  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NE*  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
 SOUTH  CAROLINA
SOUTH  DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
 UTAH
 VERMONT
 VIRGINIA
 WEST VIRGINIA
 hi SCflNSIN
 WY01ING
 AMERICAN SAMOA
 GUA1
 MARIANAS GROUP
 PJERTD RICO
 PAC. TR. TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS

 U.S. TOTALS
                                                197P  NEEDS SURVEY

                                      C3T.TS AND PERCENTAGE JF NATIONAL NL-fcC.S
                                    FOK TREATMENT AND/OS CONTROL OF STQRMWATERS
                                            THOUSANDS OF  1378 DOLLARS
                                                   CATEGORY  VI

1976 STiTE
ESTIMATE
1,428,370
122,010
531,491
610,525
4.047.F76
319,494
2,441,443
270,333
184,55]
6,909,125
1,068,665
205,653
41,671
1,855,135
1,633,752
482,182
418,739
925,625
940,536
679,136
1 ,191,849
3,205,35]
1,719,430
527,839
415, 336
1 ,172,799
26,079
131 ,578
217,645
958,894
5,378,994
84,984
2,026,998
777,296
16,779
3,558,954
411,953
901,669
2,609,314
347,016
379,731
30,032
1 ,313,997
3,773,298
171 ,921
30,824
1,975,668
1,374,248
220,130
1,230,055
0
0
0
0
404,121
0
0
C.QS.IS.
1078 tPA
ASSESSMENT
l,4tb.37C
122,010
531,491
610,525
4,047,876
319,494
2,441,443
270,383
184,561
6,909,125
1,068,665
205,653
41 ,671
1,855,135
1,633,752
482,182
418,709
925,625
940,536
679,106
1,191,849
3,205,351
1,719,430
527,889
415,338
1,172,799
26,079
131,578
217,645
958,894
5,378,994
84,98.4
2,025,998
777,296
16,779
3,558,964
411,963
901,669
2,609,314
347,316
379,781
30,032
1,313.997
3,773,298
171,921
0
1,975,668
1,374,248
220,100
1,230,055
0
0
0
t
434,121
0
0


DIFFERENCE
40
40
4D
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
to
+ 0
to
tO
to
t-0
to
to
tO
to
+ 0
40
+ 0
tO
40
40
40
40
tO
tO
tO
tO
to
to
40
to
40
to
to
40
to
-30,324
to
40
40
40
40
40
40
tO
tO
tO
to
EERCf.
1978 STATE
ESTIMATE
2.3149
0.1977
0.8613
0.9694
6.5604
0.5176
3.95tb
0.4382
0.2991
11 .1977
1.7320
0.3333
0.067
3.00fct
2.6476
0.7814
0.6786
1.5001
1.5243
1.1006
1.9316
5.1949
2.7867
0.8555
0.673]
1.9007
0.0422
0.2132
0.3527
1.5540
8.7178
0.1377
3.2851
1.2597
0.0271
5.7680
0.6676
1.4613
4.2289
0.5624
0.6155
0.0486
2.1296
6.1154
0.2786
0.0499
3.2019
2.2272
0.3567
1.9935
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.6549
0.0000
0.0000
kJJ&IzE, QE N.A.XJ.U!
197U EPA
ASSESSMENT
2.3161
0.17B
0.8618
O.V899
6.5637
0.5180
3.9588
0.4384
0.2992
11.2033
1.7328
0.3334
0.0675
3.0081
2.6491
0.7P1F
G.67E.9
1.5009
1.5250
1.1011
1.9326
5.1975
2.7880
O.B559
0.6734
1.9017
0.0422
0.2133
0.3529
1.5548
8.7221
0.1377
3.2868
1.2603
0.0271
5.7709
0.6679
1.4620
4.2310
0.5626
0.6158
0.0486
2.1306
6.1184
0.2787
0.0000
3.2035
2.2283
0.3568
1.9945
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.6552
0.0000
o.ooco
                         61t701,176   61,670,352
                                                      -30,
                                                                  100.0000
                                                                                   100.0000
DIFFERENCE

  40.0012
  40.0001
  40.0005
  40.0005
  40.0033
  40.0002
  40.0020
  40.0002
  +0.0001
  +0.0056
  +0.0008
  +0.0001
  40.0000
  40.0015
  40.0013
  +0.0004
  +0.0003
  40.0008
  40.0007,
  +0.0005
  +0.0010
  +0.0026
  +0.0013
  40.0004
  40.0003
  +0.0010
  +0.0000
  +0.0001
  +0.0002
  +0.0008
  +0.0043
  +0.0000
  +0.0017
  +0.0006
  +0.0000
  40.0029
  +0.0003
  +0,0007
  +0.0021
  +0.0002
  40.0003
  40.0000
  +0.0010
  +0.0030
  +0.0001
  -0.0498
  +0.0016
  +0.0011
  +0.0001
  +0.0010
  +0.0000
  +0.0000
  +O.OOOO
  +0.0000
  +0.0003
  +0.0000
  40.0000

  40.0000

-------
                                                                                                  FEBRUARY  10,
                                                                                                  TSBLE  36
                                                                                                                1979
                                                  197E   NEEDS SURVEY

                                               EPA   BACKLOG ESTIMATES
                        FDR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED HASTfcWATER  TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                              MILLIONS Of 1978 DOLLARS
ALOAMA
ALASKA
tRIZDNA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DFLAHARE
DI5T. OF  COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
Hftk'AII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
1 NO I ASIA
ID.*/.
KA'S4S
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAI JH
MARYLAND
NA'SACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
K.J MM<:C,OTA
1*1 {, 3ISSI"PI
MISSOURI
MSTANA
MEVS:U
NEn  HAMPSHIRF
hEH  JERSEY
MM  "it'XJCO
Nli.  YORK
NOSTil COLINA
NCKTH DAKOTA
CHIT
CL JriUMA
CKF.GOM
PENNSYLVANIA
PHflF ISLAND
SDl T'-f CAROLINA
SUUTH P4K.OTS
TL \NPSSE E
Tf MS
UltH
vr '.'TINT
V).. ',!><<
    37
    1C
    36
 1 ,066
    62
    30
   79
  165
   
124
37
t:C
47(.
1
L1
C
C
11
U
u
10,654
SUE TO RUUNO-
III A
S6
30
1
29
75
10
31
2
0
70
78
0
14
144
36
30
48
74
45
13
7
3
43
2d
>3
59
2
1
1
,S
137
0
1J3
67
J
256
36
51
10
10
31
3
124
214
40
">
11
13
1
76
7
0
0
0
14
a
0
< , 4 3 7
OFF 3
HI B
2
0
0
2
84
90
ie
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
15
0
16
0
12
14
1 ,347
61
32
12
0
6
1
0
0
16
1
1
7,762
0
1
i>
17
3b
0
2
0
1
0
67
0
10
1
60
0
143
0
1
0
0
9
0
0
4 ,871

IV A
331
40
118
134
1 ,415
28
405
41
0
1,560
378
198
112
162
338
123
121
575
320
220
221
754
987
153
157
228
23
32
38
269
655
42
2,436
479
3
683
139
287
962
260
314
=,
512
566
61
77
438
460
514
2S9
1
9
0
17
257
32
1 1
I1', 022

V B
37
34
33
18
396
1
116
49
0
196
77
106
18
140
121?
105
117
P.I
BO
9P
98
326
447
142
49
355
6
10
10
1P1
140
7
901
93
0
309
36
67
27"
91
34
1
92
140
IP
23
274
124
153
13E
0
14
1
11
261
6
5
V
0
9
0
0
167
0
398
128
170
S
218
0
57
2 ,131
2,S20
192
209
592
0
1 ,0<>2
147
1 ,036
1,602
167
33
757
33
70
0
272
1 ,009
0
3,305
67
13
3,261
0
431
2,198
329
0
24
198
39
2
08
272
U93
7' 4
26?
3
0
0
0
1 ?
0
0
VI
1.212
44
235
373
3,113
201
2,243
178
84
3,542
765
117
24
1,451
1,353
409
228
529
781
267
1,043
2,772
1,520
461
336
1,062
21
90
113
174
4,162
54
1 ,877
649
9
3,138
310
501
2.539
360
334
21
98B
2,164
154
0
1,222
1,031
189
900
0
0
0
0
335
0
0
                                                                                                    2f ,74?
                                                                                     45,704

-------
                                                                                                rcrRU/SY 10, 1979
                                                                                                TAbLE 37
                                                 1978   NEEDS  SURVEY

                                  BACKLOG COSTS  AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                        FOR  CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED -4ASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                            THOUSANDS  OF   1978 DOLLARS
                                               CATEGORIES  _1_IU&U~Y_



ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEK HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

1978
BACKLOG
633,901
2B2.392
203,488
264,904
3,827,186
206,260
1,246,095
232,238
186,077
2,662,374
1,168,453
495,130
293,846
3,670,164
3,814,181
909,552
700,234
1,623,014
563,070
1,553,022
2,342,971
2,963,378
3,935,794
922.125
586,860
1,985,067
84,010
234,852
90,664
966,759
2,716,182
84,403
12,509,049
1,152,602
30,654
5,524,995
278,504
1,033,644
4,582,01?
926,019
536,750
108,951
1,310,499
1 ,305,761
285,418
441,786
1,379,406
2,005,510
1,728,048
1,437,545
44,337
37,038
18,914
36,261
753,478
62,326
30,990
CUSIS
2000 EPA
ASSESSMENT
947,377
515,777
512,875
501 ,930
6,041,449
948, H28
1,363,067
389,310
186,077
4,976,527
1,755,995
859,176
446,643
4,105,636
4,205,646
1,096,588
1,103,188
2,085,385
1,136,673
1,638,839
2,910,164
3,426,945
4,485,332
1,347,694
774,969
2,535,324
125,986
317,681
260,078
1,154,711
4,196,374
158,752
14,156,469
1,657,975
82,352
6,777,949
572,101
1,536,102
5,356,454
945,772
840,375
207,041
1,757,853
3,110,742
399,396
460,989
2,008,651
2,761,303
1,845,897
1,797,595
75,094
57,318
44,858
56,322
977,206
90,287
44,120


DIFFERENCE
+263,476
+233,335
+309,387
+237,026
+4,214,261
+ 742,568
+ 136,972
+157,072
+ 0
+2,314,153
+587,542
+364 ,046
+152,795
+435,672
+ 391,465
+137,036
+402,954
+462,371
+573,803
+85,917
+567,293
+463,567
+549,538
+425,569
+188,109
+550,257
+41,976
+82,829
+169,414
+187,952
+1,480,192
+74,349
+1,647,420
+505,373
+51,698
+1,252,954
+293,597
+502,458
+776,442
+ 19,753
+303 ,625
+98,090
+447,354
+-1,804,981
+113,978
+19,203
+630,245
+755,793
+11 7,849
+360,050
+30,757
+30,280
+25,944
+20 ,061
+ 223,728
+27 ,961
+13,130

197h
BACKLOG
0.8650
0.3573
0.2573
0.3350
4.8409
0.2606
1 .5761
0.2937
0.2353
3. 3676
1.4779
0.6262
0.3716
4 .6423
4.8245
1.1504
0.8857
2.0529
0.7122
1.9644
2.9634
3.7463
4.97B3
1. 1663
0.7423
2.5108
0.1062
0.2970
0.1146
1.2228
3.4356
0.1067
15.8226
1.4579
0.0387
6.9865
0.3522
1 .3074
5.7957
1 .1713
0 .6789
0.1378
1.6576
1.6516
0.3610
0.5568
1 .7435
2 .5367
2.1857
1.8183
0 . 0560
0.0468
0.0239
0 . 045fe
0.9530
0 .07P&
0.0391
                                                                           EEBEI!(I&eE_O.E-tlAIJ[UL._iei4LS.	
                                                                                      2000 EPA
                                                                                     ASSEbSMfNT       DIFFERENCE
                                                                                       O.H924
                                                                                       0.4E-5F
                                                                                       0.4fi31
                                                                                       0.472B
                                                                                       7.575?
                                                                                       3.693S
                                                                                       \.AQ2t
                                                                                       0.3667
                                                                                       0.1752
                                                                                       4.68BO
                                                                                       1.654?
                                                                                       0.8093
                                                                                       0.4207
                                                                                       3. B6,78
                                                                                       3.
-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                              TAPLE  38
                                                                                                           1979
                                                1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                                 OACKLQG COSTS  AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL NEEDS
                                      FOR CONSTRUCTION OF  TREATMENT PLANTS
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 COLLARS
                                              CATEGORIES   I AND  II
ALABAMA
ALASKA
AR]ZOMA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
L'IST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
i BAH a
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDKA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEK HAMPSHIRE
NEd JERSEY
MEN MEXICO
NEW YORK*
NORTH CAROLINA
N3RTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
ORE SON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
kEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYCHING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUA1
MAKlANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS

U.S. TOTALS
COSTS 1
1978
BACKLOG




1








1


















2


1


1


















0
225
166
49
80
,688
74
275
9
15
825
414
190
90
,086
377
407
186
298
103
122
521
779
822
398
247
576
16
119
39
219
771
32
,99B
444
10
,005
48
156
,111
231
136
73
382
276
162
118
378
384
303
543
31
11
15
7
191
22
14
,297
,676
,476
,384
.235
,620
,564
,546
,320
,406
,426
,36?
,99P
,520
,956
,039
,502
,941
,220
,655
,515
,024
,831
.397
,587
,113
,888
,582
,954
,782
,955
,493
,597
,901
,867
,375
,978
,486
,642
.906
,467
.117
.403
.669
,600
,216
,229
,855
,075
,286
,6*0
,553
,885
,969
,009
.264
,752
.271
,981
2000
EPA
ASSESSMENT
346
339
19?
236
4,671
552
346
94
15
1,874
668
341
177
1,380
582
497
417
457
463
143
863
1,027
1,147
718
316
B03
44
162
186
293
1,790
82
3,684
605
48
1,743
246
425
1,638
241
222
143
556
1,219
237
130
768
782
385
736
53
22
39
17
356
41
16
35,597
,059
,630
,2DO
,892
,591
,880
,503
,873
,406
,127
,389
,336
,542
,378
,732
,918
,503
,3?3
,OB8
,812
,742
,054
,576
,291
,128
,136
,423
,f!13
,742
,083
,495
,091
,387
,250
,178
,033
,156
,526
,155
,865
,042
.149
,558
,866
,288
,035
,518
,627
,025
,769
,178
,894
,496
,330
,585
,862
,425
,985


DIFFERENCE
+ 120
+ 173
+ 142
+ 156
+2,982
+ 478
+ 70
+ S5

+1,046
+ 254
+ 150
+87
+293
+ 205
+90
+ 230
+ 159
+ 359
+ 21
+ 342
+ 247
+ 325
+319
+69
+226
+27
+ 42
+ 146
+73
+1,019
+ 49
+635
+ 160
+37
+ 737
+ 197
+268
+ 526
+ 10
+85
+ 69
+ 173
+943
+ 75
+ 11
+389
+ 398
+81
+ 193
+ 21
+ 11
+ 23
+ 10
+ 165
+ 19
+ 2
+ 15,300
,333
,154
,B16
,657
,971
,316
,957
,553
+ 0
,701
,027
,340
,022
,422
,693
,416
,562
,103
.433
,297
,718
 223
,179
,704
,015
,248
,841
,859
,960
,128
,002
,494
,436
,333
,803
,055
,670
,884
,257
,418
,925
,746
,889
,266
,072
,806
,663
,552
,739
,129
,625
,009
,527
.321
,321
,110
.154
,004

1576
BACKLOG
1
0
0
0
8
0
1
0
0
4
2
0
0
5
1
2
0
1
0
0
2
3
4
1
1
2
0
0
0
1
3
0
14
2
0
4
0
0
5
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
100
.1118
.8201
.2432
.3952
.3191
.3673
.3575
.0459
.0768
.0665
.0413
.9409
.4459
.3549
.8575
.0075
.9209
.4692
.5106
.6035
.5668
.8419
.0516
.9636
.2174
.8420
.0816
.5909
. 1959
.0836
.8006
.1605
.7743
.1916
.0511
.9560
.2388
.7717
.4779
.1403
.6705
.3616
.8852
.3626
.7991
.5824
.8664
.8921
.49*1
.6762
.1554
.0585
.0786
.0345
.9*22
.1120
.0703
.0000
 2000 EPA
ASSESSMENT

  0.9721
  0.9540
  0.5399
  0.6654
 13.1231
  1.5531
  0.9733
  0.2665
  0.0432
  5.2646
  1.8776
  0.958P
  0.4987
  3.8776
   .6369
   .3987
   .172S
   .2846
   .3008
  0.4039
  2.4263
  2.8851
  3.2237
  2.0177
  0.8880
  2.2561
  0.12*7
  0.4573
  0.5245
  0.8233
  5.0297
  0.2306
 10.3499
  1.7002
  0.1353
  4.8964
  0.6914
  1.195?
  4.601S
  0.6794
  0.6237
  0.4021
  1.5634
  3.4267
  0.6665
  0.3652
  2.1588
  2.1985
  1.0815
  2.0696
  0.1493
  0.0643
  0.1109
  0.0486
  1.0016
  0.1175
  0.0*61

100.0000
DIFFERENCE

  -0.1396
  +0.1339
  +0.2967
  +0.2702
  +4.80*0
  +1.1858
  -0.38*1
  +0.2206
  -0.0325
  +1.1981
  -0.1636
  +0.0179
  + 0.0528
  -l.*772
  -0.2205
  -0.6087
  +0.2519
  -0.18*5
  +0.7902
  -0.1995
  -0.1*04
  -0.9567
  -0.8278
  +0.05*1
  -0.3293
  -0.5858
  +0.0*31
  -0.1335
  +0.3286
  -0.2602
  +1.2289
  +0.0701
  -4.42*3
  -0.4913
  +0.08*2
  -0.0595
  +0.4526
  +0.*236
  -0.8760
  -O.*608
  -0.0*67
  +0.0*05
  -0.3217
  +2.06*1
  -0.1325
  -0.2171
  +0.292*
  +0.306*
  -O.*125
  -0.6085
  -0.0060
  +0.0058
  +0.0323
  +0.01*1
  +0.059*
  +0.0055
  -0.02*1

  +0.0000

-------
                                                                                              FEBRUARY 10,
                                                                                              TABLE 39
                                                                                                           1979
                                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                                 BACKLOG COSTS AND PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL  NEEDS
                      FOR  CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLICLY-OWNED MASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                           THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                           CATEGORIES  I, II AND IV B



ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEH HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEK YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS GROUP
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
V1K5IN ISLANDS

1978
BACKLOG
263,250
201,416
8Zt631
99,006
2,084,776
76,374
391,952
58,752
15,406
1,022,316
491,805
297,037
109,297
1,227,067
502,625
512,860
304,382
380,874
183,974
212,580
619,514
1 ,106,590
1,269,571
540,717
297,001
932,233
22,800
130,387
50,751
400,955
911,742
40,393
3,900,896
538,264
11,309
1,315,277
85,326
224,139
1,390,853
322,770
170,155
74,858
475,044
417,380
181 ,070
142,092
653,323
508,108
456,767
678,710
32,066
26,404
17,322
18,269
452,884
29,543
19,572
C.Q5.IS
2300 EPA
ASSESSMENT
525,726
434,801
391,988
336,032
6,299,037
818,942
528,924
215,329
15,406
3,336,469
1,078,898
661,083
262,092
1 ,662,739
894,090
599,896
707,336
343,245
757,777
293,397
1,186,807
1,570,084
1,819,075
966,286
485,110
1,481,430
64,776
213,216
220,165
586,907
2,391 ,934
114,742
5,548,236
1,043,637
63,007
2,563,231
375,263
725,586
2,107,295
342,523
473,780
172, 94e
922,398
2,222,232
295, 04E
161,295
1,283,539
1,263,901
574,616
1,038,760
62,823
46,684
43,266
38,330
676,612
67,504
32. 702


DIFFERENCE
+263,476
+233,385
+309,357
+237,026
+4.214.Z51
+742,568
+136,972
+156,577
+ 0
+2,314,153
+587,093
+364,046
+152,795
+435,672
+391 ,465
+187,036
+402,954
+462,371
+573,803
+85,817
+567,293
+463,494
+549,504
+425,569
+188,109
+549,197
+41,976
+82,829
+169,414
+137,952
+1,480,192
+74,349
+1,647,340
+505,373
+51,698
+1 ,252,954
+239,937
+502,447
+ 776,442
+19,753
+303,625
+98,090
+447,354
+1,304,852
+113,978
+19,203
+530,216
+755,733
+117, b49
+360,050
+30,757
+20,230
+25,944
*2C,051
*223,728
+27,941
+ 13, HO
|
1978
BACKLOG
0.9755
0.7464
0.3062
0.3669
7.7261
0.2830
1.4525
0.2177
0.0570
3.7886
1.8226
i .looe
0.4050
4.5474
1.8627
1.9006
1.1280
1.4115
0.6816
0.787fc
2.2959
4.1009
4.7050
2.0036
1.1006
3.454t
0.0844
0.4832
0.1680
1.4859
3.3786
0.1496
14.4566
1.9947
0.0419
4.8743
0.3162
0.8306
5.1544
1.1961
0.6305
0.2774
1.7605
1.5466
0.6710
0.5265
2.4212
i.eeao
1.6S2?
2.5152
o.iiefc
0.0976
0.0641
0.0677
1.671-3
0. lCf.<,
0.072"
                                                                                    2000 EPA
                                                                                   ASSESSMENT

                                                                                     0.9741
                                                                                     0.8041
                                                                                     0.7249
                                                                                     0.6214
                                                                                    11.6491
                                                                                     l.?145
                                                                                     0.97S1
                                                                                     0.3982
                                                                                     0.0284
                                                                                     6.1703
                                                                                     l.952
                                                                                     1.2225
                                                                                     0.4847
                                                                                     3.0749
                                                                                     1.6534
                                                                                     1.2943
                                                                                     1.3081
                                                                                     1.5594
                                                                                     1.4013
                                                                                     0.5518
                                                                                     2.1948
                                                                                     2.9036
                                                                                     3.3641
                                                                                     1.7870
                                                                                     0.3971
                                                                                     2.7396
                                                                                     0.1197
                                                                                     0.3943
                                                                                     3.4071
                                                                                     1.0890
                                                                                     4.4235
                                                                                     0.2121
                                                                                    10.2606
                                                                                     1.9300
                                                                                     0.116*
                                                                                     4.7491;
                                                                                     0.63
                                                                                     1.3437
                                                                                     4.0080
                                                                                     0.6334
                                                                                     0.&761
                                                                                     0.3198
                                                                                     1.7C5P
                                                                                     4.1096
                                                                                     C.54-56
                                                                                     0.2982
                                                                                     2.3737
                                                                                     2.3373
                                                                                     l.Ut2t
                                                                                     1.9210
                                                                                     0.1161
                                                                                     0.016?
                                                                                     C.OPOO
                                                                                     0.070P
                                                                                     1.2M2
                                                                                     0.1063
                                                                                     '1.060'
DIFFERENCE

  -C.0013
  <0.0577
  +0.4187
  +0.2545
  +3.9230
  +1.2315
  -0.4743
  +0.1805
  -0.0285
  +2.3817
  +0.1726
  +0.1217
  +0.0797
  -1.4724
  -0.2092
  -0.6062
  +0.1801
  +0.1479
  +0.7195
  -0.2359
  -0.1010
  -1.1972
  -1.3408
  -0.2167
  -0.2034
  -0.7151
  +0.0353
  -0.08S8
  +0.2191
  -0.3968
  +1.0447
  +0.0625
  -4.1959
  -0.0646
  +0.0746
  -0.1247
  + 0.3777
  +0.5131
  -1.1463
  -0.5626
  +0.2456
  +0.0424
  -0.0546
  +2.5628
  -0.1253
  -0.2282
  -0.0474
  + 0.45<,3
  -0.6300
  -0.5941
  -0.0026
  -0.0114
  + C.OI')9
  +0.0031
  -C.4270
  -0.0030
  -0.0120
U.S. TOTALS
                      26,933,43':
                                    54,07?,955
                                                                  100.00CO
                                                                                                      C .0000

-------
                                                                                          FEBRUARY  10,  1979
                                                                                          TABLE  40
                                           1978   NEEDS SURVEY

                                       6ACKLOG  PER CAPITA COSTS
                       FDR CONSTRUCTION' 3F  PUBLICLY-QHNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                    *  THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                       POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                          CATEGORIES  1 THRU V
f Lf.JAMA
ALASKA
AF IZDNA
Af-KANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUH.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
H/.W4I1
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
IKDI I^JS
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
KjU ilE
HSRYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NFt-RASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NFW  JERSEY
N(-W  MEXICO
N.i  YTRK
KfRFH CARDLlNi
NOKTH DAKOTA
EHIO
PLSHOMA
CKESCIM
PENNSYLVANIA
KHDOE ISLAND
SC.UTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UT/SH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
KtSrilMGTON
ivTST VIRGINIA
tl-,F:95
   273,504
 1 ,033,644
 4.5P2.012
   926,019
   536,750
   10S.951
 1,310,499
 1,305,761
   285,
-------
                                                                                         FEPRUARY  1C,
                                                                                         TABLE  41
                                          1978  NEEDS SURVEY

                                       BACKLOG PER CAPITA C3STS
                       FOR  CONSTRUCTION Of  PUBLICLY-OWNED TREATMENT FACILITIES
                                    * THOUSANDS OF  1978 DOLLARS
                                       POPULATIONS IN THOUSANDS
                                         CATEGORIES  I II IVB
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAHARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IDHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW  HAMPSHIRE
NEW  JERSEY
NEW  MEXICO
NEW  YORK
NORTH  CAROLINA
NORTH  DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE  ISLAND
 SOUTH  CAROLINA
 SOUTH  DAKOTA
 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS
UTAH
 VERMONT
VIRGINIA
 WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
 WYOMING
 AMERICAN  SAMOA
 GUAM
 MARIANAS  GROUP
 PUERTO RICO
 PAC. TR.  TERR.
 VIRGIN ISLANDS
   I97B
* BACKLOG

  263,250
  201,416
   82,631
   99,006
2,084,776
   76,374
  391,952
   58,752
   15,406
1,022,316
  491,805
  297,037
  109,297
1,227,067
  502,625
  512,860
  304,382
  380,B74
  183,974
  212,580
  619,514
1,106,590
1,269,571
  540,717
  297,001
  932,233
   22,800
  130,387
   50,751
  400,955
  911,742
   40,393
3,900,896
  538,264
   11,309
1,315,277
   85,326
  224,139
1,393,853
  322,770
  170,155
   74,858
  475,044
  417,380
  181,070
  142,092
  653,323
  508,108
  456,767
  678,710
   32,066
   26,404
   17,322
   18,269
  452,884
   29,543
   19,572
   1977
POPULATION

  3,690
    407
  2,296
  2,144
 21,396
  2,619
  3,108
    582
    690
  8,452
  5,048
    895
    357
 11,245
  5,330
  2,879
  2,326
  3,458
  3,921
  1,085
  4,139
  5,782
  9,129
  3,975
  2,389
  4,801
    761
  1,561
    633
    349
  7,329
  1,190
 17,324
  5,525
    653
 10,701
  2,811
  2,376
 11,785
    935
  2,376
    589
  4,299
 12,830
  1,268
    483
  5,135
  3,658
  1,859
  4,651
    406
     29
     93
     12
  3,282
    114
     95
  BACKLOG
PER  CAPITA

     71
    494
     35
     46
     95
     29
    126
    100
     22
    120
     97
    331
    127
    109
     94
    178.
    130
    110
     46
    195
    149
    191
    139
    136
    124
    194
     29
     S3
     80
    472
    124
     33
    217
     97
     17
    122
     30
     94
    118
    345
     59
    108
    110
     32
    142
    294
    127
    138
    245
    145
     78
    910
    186
  1 ,522
    137
    ?59
    206
 U.S. TOTALS
                            26,983,435
                                                       219,955
                                                                                   1 22

-------
      STATE

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
OIST. OF  COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
ICAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOHA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGCN
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN  SAMCA
GUAM
MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR.  TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANCS
                                                 1976 HEEDS SURVEY

                                    NUMBER OF EPA COST ASSESSMENTS  BY  CATEGORY

                                          CAT I      CAT II      CAT  IIIA       CAT IIIB
                                                                                                  FEBRUARY 10, 1979
                                                                                                  TABLE  42
                                                                                              CAT  IVA
                                                                                                            CAT IVB
1,093
  4^5
  365
It 729
3,330
  623
  408
   88
    1
1, 129
1,349
  120
  568
1,366
1,426
2,093
1, 167
1,273
1,227
  574
  971
  497
It 583
1,251
1,639
2,128
  298
  781
  156
  479
  632
  372
2, 511
1,851
  493
2,035
1, 551
  652
3,615
   96
  972
  617
  967
2,821
  619
  272
1,142
1,013
1,521
1,409
  233
   16
   12
   10
  117
   79
   12
  136
  201
  117
  133
1,15
    C
   65
  177
   36
  155
  279
   76
  658
  427
  126
  353
  119
   48
   5?
  227
  141
  162
  66 1
  100
  23S
   4<*
   72
   37
  IOC
  357
  216
  20?
  104
  258
   5E
  688
   12
  122
  267
   be
    8
    K
   38
  28?
  23C
  387
  22C
   98
    4
   21
   34
134
  2
 1 0
448
105
 33
 16
 17
  1
246
165
  1
 12
281
364
112
  5
238
 29
 20
260
 25
142
421
324
 25
  2
  2
  7
 47
 94
 1 5
251
348
  0
511
303
 87
350
  7
113
 15
188
819
185
 31
 86
  9
 87
198
  2
  0
  2
  0
  5
  0
  0
146
  8
  7
 48
137
 42
 38
  8
  0
1^7
235
  5
 76
190
 94
209
 92
145
 76
 23
 22
 29
l">7
135
2^8
119
 25
 26
  4
 20
116
  1
351
205
  3
225
 40
 88
 52
  9
183
 19
155
179
 32
 14
 50
 8^
 10
144
 25
  0
  2
  0
 24
  0
  1
1
1
2
7
15
6
10
1
0
n
1
n
1
11
6
3
9
0
25
18
3
15
9
6
l\
20
5
0
z
17
1
9
22
0
1
12
22
13
0
1
0
8
0
39
0
19
7
11
3
20
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
323
74
91
491
786
62
123
24
0
334
325
36
117
259
372
36Z
227
345
304
219
273
186
510
231
415
559
41
163
41
160
235
109
851
514
84
494
350
132
1,197
35
290
78
264
765
156
87
316
263
486
355
16
5
2
3
33
23
4
353
119
138
602
1,129
300
132
35
0
377
446
42
207
346
514
749
407
419
440
175
365
183
588
317
530
744
125
351
63
162
149
138
679
568
196
689
578
274
1,328
32
263
230
298
ItOZl
241
83
394
42"
548
472
92
5
3
3
33
22
4
U.S. TOTALS
                         55,757
                                         10,074
                                                      7,190
                                                                    4,389
                                                                                     384
                                                                                                14,599
                                                                                                             19,121

-------
STATE

CALIFORNIA
DELAWARE
ILLINOIS
KANSAS
MARYLAND
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSOURI
NEVADA
NEW YORK
PENNSYLVANIA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TEXAS
VERMONT
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
PUERTO RICO
TOTAL

    1
    3
    4
    1
   24
   29
  121
    2
    5
  809
   64
  156
    1
    3
    2
    2
   37
    3
                               1978  NEEDS SURVEY

        NUMBER OF STATE COST  ESTIMATES  DIFFERING FROM EPA ASSESSMENTS

            CAT  I      CAT  II     CAT ITIA    CAT II1B     CAT !VA     CAT  IVB
  0
  0
  0
  0
  2
  5
121
  1
  2
107
 41
 52
  o
  0
  c
  i
  4
  1
  0
  0
  3
  0
 20
  6
  0
  0
  1
122
  9
  0
  0
  1
  0
  0
  1
  7
  0
  1
  0
298
  6
 52
  n
  0
  1
  0
  7
  1
  0
  3
  1
  ^
  1
  7
  0
  0
  3
273
  8
 52
  1
  0
  n
  0
 11
  1
                                                                                                            FEBRUARY  10,
                                                                                                            TABLE 43
                                                                                                            CAT  V
                                                                                                                          1979
U.S. TOTALS
                        1267

-------
STATE
                                                      1978 I\EEOS SURVEY

                                                PERCENT OF STATE DOLLAR NEEDS
                                                  BY BASIS CF COST ESTIMATE

                                  EVALUATION  ENGINEER /   COST  OF   ENGINEER  /
              STATE     ANALYSIS    SURVEY    CONSULTANT  CCMPARABLE  CONSULTANT
         CERTIFICATION COMPLETED COMPLETED   FIRM  EST. CCNSTRUCTION PRELIM. EST.
  EPA      COST
 COST   EFFECTIVE
GUIDANCE ANALYSIS
                                                                                                               FEBRUARY 10,  1979
                                                                                                               TABLE 44
 ROUGH
ESTIMATE
                                                                                                                   NONE
                                        TOTAL
ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DIST. OF COLUM.
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
CKLAHCMA
CRE6CN
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOOTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMCNT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
MARIANAS
PUERTO RICO
PAC. TR. TERR.
VIRGIN ISLANDS
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
o.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
".0
0.0
0.1
0.0
o.o
0.0
n ,n
0.0
o.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
O.D
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
o.o
0.0
1.1
0.0
4.8
0.0
0. 1
2.7
0.5
0.1
2.6
ft. 1
0.0
0.9
3.5
o.n
0.0
2.1
1.1
3.5
3.7
4.1
1.5
0.7
0.2
0.2
0.6
1.3
10.2
0.8
0.3
0.0
0.3
0.4
1.4
0.0
0.7
3.6
0.0
0.2
4.2
0.6
0.2
0.2
5.9
0.5
6.8
5.2
0.0
0. 7
0.2
0.3
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.3
0.4
C.I
0.1
0.0
0.2
0,0
0.1
P. 6
0.0
1.2
0.5
n.O
0.1
1.9
1.3
n.9
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.4
0.0
C.I
0.0
0.1
C.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
".1
0.0
r.9
0.1
4.7
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
4.2
C.O
0.0
C.O
0.0
0.4
1.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.2
0.0
".5
0.0
rj.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
" .1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
O.fl
3.0
o.o
0.0
2.0
3.3
2.5
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.5
2.4
0.8
0.0
3.8
1 .6
1.5
"1.3
0.0
0.4
0.0
1.7
0.6
4.6
0.8
".1
1.5
1.5
1.4
0.4
1.0
0.0
0.5
2.1
3.9
1.3
0.0
1.6
2.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
2.2
0.0
18.6
7.7
25.7
25.3
29.2
8.2
0.0
5.8
11 .7
3.4
6 .8
2.1
2.9
16.7
5 .8
13.4
0.4
15 .3
8 .8
10.4
0.7
1.0
4.3
0 .5
0.0
3.8
22.1
26.7
6.5
4.1
19.7
6 .0
7.3
6.8
5.4
20.6
2.1
37.8
4.5
0.1
3 .0
53 .5
0.0
21.2
1 .3
5.7
0.9
1 .5
5.3
36.8
1 .3
> .0
1.9
3.9
68.3
25.6
30.2
42.0
12.6
24.2
44. 1
30.1
54.0
100.0
37.1
36. 1
53.3
36.6
78.3
48.9
58.0
66.7
45.3
22.4
58.7
53.3
77.0
74.3
69.6
51.5
78.9
59.6
67.3
44.6
54.8
52.7
55.4
44.7
59.0
44.3
51.7
29.4
36.8
26.3
26.4
49.8
81.5
51.7
18.5
49.4
37.5
36.6
64.9
21. -4
63.5
20.0
53.5
16.9
0.0
78.9
16.5
31.4
67.1
65.8
38.8
71.0
41.8
30.5
37.9
37. 1
0.0
55.9
45.2
43.2
56.4
13.6
42.3
18.2
23.5
37.2
52.8
24.9
37.7
11,6
22.1
27.2
33.1
14.3
38.5
27.4
25.1
18.0
38.1
40.4
26.5
30.7
43.8
40.4
47.8
36.2
71.8
34.2
39.3
17.0
38. 1
18.5
48.4
36.5
60.6
28.7
76.1
24.8
74.7
9.7
81.7
31.9
18.1
31.6
0.0
0.1
3.8
0.5
5.2
7.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.0
21.4
0.1
0.0
T.n
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.0
0.0
7.5
0.0
d.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
13.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
6.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
68.1
0.0
48.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
O.O
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0,0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
o.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
^ f'\
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
o.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
1"0.0
100.0
no.o
100.0
100. 0
100.0
ino.o
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
iod.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
101.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

-------
             BASIS OF ESTIMATE


STATE CERTIFICATION

ANALYSIS COMPLETED

EVALUATION  SURVEY COMPLETED

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT FIRM ESTIMATE

COST OF PREVIOUS  COMPARABLE CONSTRUCTION

ENGINEER/CONSULTANT PRELIMINARY  ESTIMATE

EPA - SUPPLIED CCST ESTIMATING PROCEDURES

COST EFFECTIVE ANALYSIS

ROUGH ESTIMATE

(NONE GIVEN)


             U.S.  TOTALS
                                                     1978 NEEDS SURVEY
                                              PERCENT OF NATIONAL  DOLLAR NEEDS
                                                 BY BASIS CF COST  ESTIMATE
                                                                                                         FEBRUARY  in,  1979
                                                                                                         TABLE 45
                                                           CAT  II
                                                                      CAT IIIA
                                                                                  CAT  IIIB
                                                                                               CAT IVA
                                                                                                          CAT  IVB
                                                                                                                      TOTAL
".0
0.0
0.0
0.6
14.1
58.2
25.2
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
Q.O
0.0
1 .0
9.9
49.3
36.9
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
45.5
9.2
0.8
0.0
24.4
19.9
O.I
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.6
15.8
0.1
0.0
83.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
11.1
19.6
68.4
0,4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7
19.4
52.2
24.3
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.2
0.9
12.3
46.0
36.5
1.7
0.0
0.0
                                                   100.0   100.0
                                                                                   100.0
                                                                                                100.0
                                                                                                           100.0
                                                                                                                     100.0
 OGPO 679-141/366

-------