THE INFORMATION
                       BROKER
                       EPA Headquarters Library (PM 211 A)
WSM2904
202-260-5922
                     SEPTEMBER HIGHLIGHTS
DID YOU KNOW?
     Library staff:
     Conducted 90 online searches in July.
     Borrowed 352 books and journal articles from other libraries.
     Circulated 412 books, reports, journals.
     Answered 1,137 reference questions.

     Let us know how we can help you. Contact the reference staff at 260-5921.

FAR & FIMR on CD-ROM

           The Library now has two important federal regulations available on
     CD-ROM. The full text of the Federal Information Resource Management
     Regulations (FIRMR) and the Federal Acquisitions Regulations (FAR) are
     accessible on an easy to use CD-ROM product. Ask the reference staff for
     assistance.

KEEP UP WITH THE LATEST: SDI

           Need to keep up-to-date on what's being published in your area of
     interest? Reference staff can help you set up a SELECTED DISSEMINATION
     of INFORMATION (SDI) service, which will provide you with a periodic update
     on your topic. Contact Lois Ramponi, Head Librarian/Coordinator at 260-5921
     or Email EPA7241 for more information.
                     September's Centerfold on Test Methods
                        is in the middle pages of this issue
                                 THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
                                                            Printed on Recycled Paper

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                              PAGE TWO

                   NEED CONGRESSIONAL WORKING PAPERS?

           CONSULT THE CONGRESSIONAL INFORMATION SERVICE FICHE

All Congressional working papers, starting with 1970, are available in the Congressional
Information Service (CIS) fiche collection located in the EPA Headquarters Library. The
indexes to these fiche, the CIS/Annual, are located in the "Abstracts and Indexes" section of
the Library. The collection includes Hearings, Committee Prints, House and Senate Reports,
Documents, Special Reports of Congress and Executive Reports and Treaty Documents. It is
indexed annually. The years 1970-1983 have two volumes: Vol. 1 Abstracts and Vol. 2
Index. In 1984 a third volume. Legislative Histories, was added. Sample entries for each
index, with explanations of all the information provided, are located in the beginning of each
volume.
The indexes are organized as follows:
      Vol. 1 Abstracts
      Vol. 2 Index
      Vol. 3 Legislative History
Contains brief informative summaries of all
documents in the CIS fiche. This index is arranged
alphabetically by the titles of the House and Senate
Committees, i.e.: Energy and Natural Resources;
Environment and Public Works. All documents,
Hearings, Prints and Reports are listed under the
pertinent committee.

All Documents, Hearings, Reports and other items are
indexed by subject matter and the names of Hearing
witnesses, authors (corporate or individual), and
subcommittees holding hearings or issuing
publications.

Indexes documents for the legislative history of all
Public Laws passed in the year covered, (except for
ceremonial and housekeeping bills).  Each history
includes the fiche reference for the complete text of
the law in addition to Reports, Hearings and individual
witness testimony.
                                    THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
                                                                         FACE 2

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            WHAT'S AVAILABLE IN THE HEADQUARTERS LIBRARY

      As part of or ongoing effort to collect books and journals relevant to EPA staff needs,
the following is a list of our latest acquisitions. It is organized by program area for your
convenience. Copies of all items listed here are available at the Circulation Desk; books are
on the New Books shelves.
      Library tours are given every Wednesday afternoon at 2:00 p.m. For database
information call 202-260-5921 or send Email inquiries to EPA 3738.
                                AIR & RADIATION

Cho, Jong Soo.  Forced Air Ventilation for Remediation of Unsaturated Soils Contaminated by
VOC. (Project Summary).  Ada, OK: Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory,
USEPA, July 1991.  (EPA/600/S2-91-016)

Cohen, David B.; Johnson, Owen H. "Does California Have the Model for Clean Air?"
State Government News.  Vol. 34, No. 8, August 1911.  pp.  18-19.

Collis, Cheri. "Global Warming —too Hot to Handle." State Government News. Vol. 34,
No. 8, August 1991. pp. 7-10.

Edgerton, Eric S.; Lavery, Thomas F.; Prentice, Hugh S.  National Dry Deposition Network:
Third Annual Progress Report.  (Project Summary).  Research Triangle  Park, NC:
Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory, USEPA, June 1991.
(EPA/600/S3-91/018)

Egan, Bruce A. "Coping with the Clean Air Act Amendments." Pollution Engineering. Vol. 23,
No. 7, July 1991. pp. 72-76.

Gery, M.W.; Crouse, R.R. User's Guide for Executing OZIPR. [Ozone Isopleth Plotting
Program] (Project Summary) Research Triangle Park, NC: Atmospheric Research and
Exposure Assessment Laboratory, USEPA, June 1991. (EPA/600/S8-90/069)

"IAQ Bill Reported From House Subcommittee; Two Controversial Provisions Go, One Stays."
[Indoor Air Quality]  Indoor Pollution News. Vol. 4, No. 14, July 25,1991. pp.  1,4-6.

Indoor Air -Assessment: Indoor Concentrations of Environmental Carcinogens. Washington,
DC: Office of Research and Development, USEPA, January 1991. EPAX 9108-0022

Kominsky, John R.;  Freyberg, Ronald W. Asbestos Fiber Reentrainment During Dry
Vacuuming and Wet Cleaning of Asbestos-Contaminated Carpet  (Project Summary)
Cincinnati, OH: Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, USEPA, May 1991.
(EPA/600/S2-91/004)
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Lioy, Paul J. "Assessing Human Exposure to Airborne Pollutants." Environmental Science &
Technology. Vol.  25, No.  8, August 1991. pp. 1361-1362.

The National Radon Contractor Proficiency (RCP) Program.  Supplement. Washington, DC:
Office of Radiation Programs, USEPA, February 1991. EPAX 9108-0092 v. 1, v. 2

Raloff, Janet. "Cholesterol: Up in Smoke." [pollution from outdoor cooking]  Science News.
Vol. 140, No. 4, July 27,1991.  pp. 60-61.

Raloff, Janet. "Elevated Radon Risk for Passive Smokers." Science News.  Vol.  140, No. 5,
Augusts, 1991. p. 79.

Raloff, Janet "Hidden Ducts Fan Radon Threat." Science News.  Vol. 140,  No.  5, August 3,
1991.  p. 79.

Vancil, Michael A.; Parrish, Charles R.; Palazzolo, Michael A. Emissions of Metals and
Organics from Municipal Wastewater Sludge Incinerators. (Project Summary). Cincinnati, OH:
Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, USEPA, July 1991.  (EPA/600/S2-91/007)

Wood, Andrew.  "Clean Air Drives the MTBE Race." [methyl tertiary butyl ether]
Chemicalweek.  Vol.  149,  No.  1, July 31,1991.  pp.  22-23.
                         HAZARDOUS WASTE SUPERFUND

 Note: The Library has a special collection and databases to improve access to Hazardous
 Waste Superfund information. For more information contact Felice Sacks at 202-260-3021.

 Barren, Tom. "EPA Closing in on Standards for Oil Spill Remediation." Environment Today.
 Vol. 2, No. 6, July/August 1991. pp. 1,59.

 Bloom, Gordon F.; Morton, Michael S. Scott. "Hazardous Waste is Every Manager's Problem."
 Sloan Management Review.  Vol. 32, No. 4, Summer 1991. pp. 75-84.

 "Court Allows Superfund Claim on Sellers of Building with ACM."  [asbestos-containing
 material]  Indoor Pollution News. Vol. 4, No. 15, Augusts, 1991. p.  4.

Dotson, G. Kenneth.  Migration of Hazardous Substances Through Soils. (Project Summary).
Cincinnati, OH: Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, USEPA, May 1991.
(EPA/600/S2-91/017)

"EPA Joins Bandwagon for Innovative Techniques." Environment Today. Vol. 2, No. 6,
July/August 1991. p.  19.

"EPA's Model Consent Decree to Ease Superfund Settlements." Environment Today. Vol. 2,
No. 6, July/August 1991. p.  13.

                                     THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
                                                                           PAGE 4

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Harris, Paul. "Companies, Cities Square Off Over Landfill Cleanups." Environment Today.
Vol.  2, No.  6, July/August 1991. pp. 1,11.

"Justice Department to Clarify Use of Environmental Audits."  Environment Today. Vol. 2,
No. 6, July/August 1991. p. 12.

Kemezis, Paul. "Alabama Court Upholds Hazwaste Surcharge." Chemicalweek. Vol. 148,
No. 27, July 24, 1991.  p. 14.

"Lender Liability Rule Not Enough Protection, Say Lawyers."  Environment Today. Vol. 2,
No. 6, July/August 1991. p. 8.

Min, Maung; Barbour, Richard; Hwang, Jou.  "Land Ban Technologies, Impacts and
Implications." Pollution Engineering. Vol.  23, No. 7, July 1991. pp.  62-66,68.

Pohlmann, Karl F.; Blegen, Ronald P.; Hess, John W.  Field Comparison of Ground-Water
Sampling Devices for Hazardous Waste Sites: An Evaluation Using Volatile Organic
Compounds.  (Project Summary). Las Vegas, NV: Environmental Monitoring Systems
Laboratory,  USEPA, July 1991. (EPA/600/S4-90/028)
                    INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Note: To better meet the information needs of EPA staff, the Library has a special collection on
Information Resources Management. For more information contact Sharon Geigerat
703-883-5170.

Anderson, Alun. "Networks for Thinking in Cliques?" Science. Vol. 253, No.  5019, August 2,
1991. p. 506.

Dykman, Charlene A.; Robbins, Ruth. "Organizational Success Through Effective Systems
Analysis."  Journal of Systems Management. Vol. 42, No. 7, July 1991. pp.  6-8.

"Jobs and Gates Together." [interview with Steve Jobs and Bill Gates] Fortune. Vol. 124,
No. 5, August 26, 1991. pp. 50,54.

Kettlehut, Michael C. "Don't Let Users Develop Applications Without Systems Analysis."
Journal of Systems Management. Vol. 42, No. 7, July 1991.  pp. 23-26.

Kovacs,  Diane K. "Government Printing Office Dissemination of Government Documents on
CD-ROM: Report from the Govdoc-L Discussion List." CD-ROM Professional.  Vol. 4, No. 4.
July 1991. pp.  36-38.

Menkus, Belden. "How to Begin Dealing With Computer Security." Computers & Security.
Vol.  10, No.  3, May 1991. pp.  199-203.

                                    THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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Pitta, Julie.  "Dick Tracy Computing." [radio frequency semiconductor chips] Forbes.
Vol. 148, No. 4, August 19, 1991. p.  110.

Prescott, Jon R. "Using Structured Methodology for Software Project Success."  Journal of
Systems Management. Vol. 42, No. 7, July 1991.  pp.  28-31.

Schlender, Brenton R.  The Future of the PC."  Fortune. Vol. 124, No. 5, August 26,1991.
pp. 40-44,45.

Schrage, Michael. "Computer Tools for Thinking in  Tandem." Science. Vol.  253, No. 5019,
August 2,1991. pp.  505,507.

Swift, Michael K.  "Hypertext: A Tool for Knowledge Transfer." Journal of Systems
Management. Vol. 42, No. 6, June 1991.  pp.  35-37.

Verity, John W.; Wadekar-Bhargava, Sunita.  "PCs: What the Future Holds." Business Week.
No. 3226, August 12,1991. pp. 58-64.
                           INTERNATIONAL COLLECTION

 Note: The Library has a collection of books, reports, laws and statistics related to international
 issues.  For more information contact John Butsch at 202-260-5917.

 Berkley, Richard E. [Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory, USEPA];
 Varns, Jerry L; Pleil, Joachim. "Comparison of Portable Gas Chromatographs and Passivated
 Canisters for Field Sampling Airborne Toxic Organic Vapors in the United States and the
 USSR." Environmental Science & Technology. Vol. 25,  No. 8, August 1991.
 pp. 1439-1444.

 "British Parliament Committee Looks at Indoor Pollution Issues." Indoor Pollution News.
 Vol. 4, No.  15, Augusts, 1991.  p.  5.

 Krieger, James. "Chemical Engineering Seeks to Address Worldwide Concerns."  Chemical &
 Engineering News. Vol. 69, No. 31, August 5,1991. pp. 16-22.

 Lawson, Richard L. "Improving Three Global Environments." [political, economic, and natural]
 Vital Speeches of the Day. Vol.  57, No.  19, July 15,1991. pp. 599-603.

 Lewis, Damien. "G7  Gets a Roasting on Environmental Record." New Scientist. Vol.  131,
 No. 1778, July 20,1991.  p.  14.

 MacKenzie, Debora.  "Strong Words to Save the Planet." New Scientist.  Vol. 131, No. 1781,
 August 10,1991.  pp. 17-18.


                                     THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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Miller, Stanton. "Earth Summit Priority: Slow Deforestation." Environmental Science &
Technology.  Vol. 25, No. 8, August 1991. p.  1345.

Sheehan, Linda M. "The EEC's Proposed Directive on Civil Liability for Damage Caused by
Waste: Taking Over When Prevention Fails." [European Economic Community] Ecology Law
Quarterly.  Vol. 18, No. 2,1991. pp. 405-458.
                                  MANAGEMENT

Note: The Library has a special collection of management books, journals, audiotapes and
videotapes. For more information contact Andrew McMullen at 202-260-0748.

Alonso, Ramon L.; Frasier, Cline W. "JIT Hits Home: A Case Study in Reducing Management
Delays." [Just-ln-Time]  Sloan Management Review. Vol. 32, No. 4, Summer 1991.
pp. 59-67.

Daehnick, Claire.  "Management Improvement Strategies: Linking Practioners and
Academics." Public Administration Review. Vol.  51, No.  3, May/June 1991. pp. 271-274.

Delivery Order Project Officer Guide: OARM Management Assistance And Advisory Services
Contracts. Washington, DC: Administration and Resources Management, USEPA, Revised
June 1991.  MGMT REF EPAX 9108-0048

Dilulio, Jr., John J., et al. "The Public Administration of James Q. Wilson: A Symposium on
Bureaucracy." Public Administration Review.  Vol. 51, No. 5,  May/June 1991.  pp.  193-201.

Duffy, Joseph F. "Creative Management: Does It Work?"  Quality Digest. Vol.  11, No. 7,
July 1991. pp. 58-60,62-67.

"In Search of Leadership."  [comments on what it takes to be a good leader] State
Government News. Vol. 34, No. 8, August 1991. pp. 26-29.

Kiechel, II, Walter. "Dealing With the Problem Boss."  Fortune. Vol. 124, No. 4, August 12,
1991. pp. 97-98.

Moe, Ronald C. "The HUD Scandal and the Case for an Office of Federal Management."
Public Administration Review.  Vol. 51, No. 4, July/August 1991. pp. 298-307.

Naff, Katherine C.  "Federal Labor-Management Issues. Bureaucrat.  Vol. 20, No. 2,
Summer 1991. pp. 23-25.

Nobile, Robert J.  "Can There be Too Much Diversity?" Personnel.  Vol.  68, No.  8,
August 1991.  p. 11
                                    THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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   FOCUS  ON  -   TEST METHODS
Centerfold on Test Methods

      The Agency's environmental protection
responsibilities depend on accurate assessment of the
quality of the air, land and water. The Agency
utilizes standard analytical methods to determine
objectives for Quality in measurements of water or
other media, conduct environmental investigations,
measure the effects of substances under different
conditions, and to monitor industry compliance with
Federal regulations. These standard analytical
methods are called test methods or reference methods.

What are Test Methods?

      Test methods are approved procedures
for measuring the presence and concentration of
physical and chemical pollutants; evaluating the
toxic properties of chemical substances; and
measuring the effects of substances under
various conditions.

      All of EPA's regulatory program offices
(Water, Air and Radiation, Solid Waste and
Emergency Response, Pesticides and Toxic
Substances) issue test methods.  Each office
develops the regulations needed to implement
its statutes, and issues any test methods that
may be required by those regulations. For
example, the Office of Solid Waste develops and
issues methods for implementing the RCRA
program. The methods are published in Test
Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste.

      Although some programs develop their
own methods, most of the test methods used by
the Agency are developed by  the Office of
Research and Development (ORD) and then are
approved by the appropriate program office.
For example, the Office of Water Regulations
and Standards approved a manual developed by
the Environmental Monitoring and Support
Laboratory (EMSL) in Cincinnati, Methods for the
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, for use in
the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System permit program under the dean Water
Act.  Whenever possible EPA works with
outside organizations such as the American
Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), the
Association of Official Analytical Chemists
(AOAC), trade associations, states and other
Federal agencies to identify methods that are
available and suitable for Agency use.  Test
methods developed outside the Agency go
through the same review process as those
developed within the Agency.

      After rigorous review, proposed methods
are submitted to the Administrator for final
approval and publication in the Federal Registers
After comments have been evaluated and    ™
appropriate changes made, the methods are
formally promulgated in the Federal Register. In
some cases the methods are published as Agency
reports, singly or in compilations such as Test
Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, or they are
published in the Code of Federal Regulations.

New Test Methods Collection

      The EPA Library Network is enhancing
its outreach to the EPA scientific community by
developing a special Test Methods Collection.
Jonda Byrd, Manager, National Library Network
Program, is working with the Office of Water
Regulations and Standards (OWRS) to identify
and obtain copies of all EPA approved and
alternate methods.  The collection will include
copies of EPA-approved alternate test methods
from organizations such as ASTM, U.S.
Geological Survey (LJSGS), Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), and AOAC.

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      Duplicate collections of about 200
methods will be housed at the Andrew W.
Breidenbach Environmental Research Center
(AWBERC) Library in Cincinnati, and the
Headquarters Library in Washington, DC The
AWBERC Library was proposed because of its
proximity to the EMSL that develops and
approves test methods. OWRS requested  that
the collection also be available at the
Headquarters Library for the use of EPA staff in
Washington. Both libraries are planning
Open Houses in the fall to introduce the new
Collection to the Agency. The Network will
continue to work with OWRS and other offices
in the Agency to identify and add appropriate
titles to the Collection.

 ^   Most test methods published as EPA
rlp>rts are already available in several of  the
EPA libraries; many of them are distributed
through the Center for Environmental Research
Information (CERI). Others may be available
from the issuing program office.  Methods can be
searched on the Agency's Online Library System
(OLS), using the title of the method, substance
name or method number. Contact EPA Regional
or laboratory libraries for assistance. EPA
librarians can also help you identify related
materials published by EPA and other
organizations.

Selected Test Methods
                   ?i
      Test method compilations are available in
the Headquarters Library. Individual test
methods have been detached from the
compilations and shelved separately for easier
access. Consult the library catalog or a librarian
ifvou need assistance in locating a specific title.
References

Friedman, David. "Testing Methodology in
Environmental Monitoring/' Environmental
Science and Technology, VoL 24, No. 6,1990.
[The author works in EPA's Office of Modeling,
Monitoring Systems, and Quality Assurance;
Office of Research and Development]

Index to EPA Test Methods. March 1988. Boston,
MA: Region 1 Library, U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency. EPA 901/3-88-001;
NTIS No. PB88-200100 EPAX 8804-0051

Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste Physical/
Chemical Methods. (3rd edition) 1986.
Washington, DC: Office of Solid Waste and
Emergency, U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency. EPA 530/SW-846
NTIS No. PB88-239-223 EPAX 8704-0106 HW

Third Edition Promulgated Update Package.
November 1990. (Available in the Hazardous
Waste Superfund Collection)
  For more information, contact Jonda Byrd,
        FTS 684-7183 or 513-569-7183
   Compiled by Mary Hoffman, LAI Library
            Network Coordinator

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Paton, Scott Madison. Tom Peters' Dilemma." Quality Digest Vol. 11, No.  7, July 1991.
pp. 68-73.

Pellicciotti, Joseph M. "Exemptions and Employer Defenses Under the ADEA."  [Age
Discrimination Employment Act of 1967]  Public Personnel Management. Vol. 20, No. 2,
Summer 1991. pp. 233-261.

Roberts, Wess.  Leadership Secrets ofAttila the Hun [videorecording, 40 min.]  Northbrook,
IL: MTI Film & Video, 1989. MGMT HM141.L3951

Robinson, Mike. "Deming's Constancy of Purpose." Quality Digest. Vol. 11, No.  7,
July 1991. pp. 95-96.

Voehl, Frank.  "Planning — Laying the Groundwork for Strategic Quality." Quality Digest.
Vol. 11, No. 7, July 1991. pp. 20-22,24-25.

Wagenheim, George D.; Reurink, John H. "Customer Service in Public Administration."
Public Administration Review. Vol. 51, No. 5, May/June 1991. pp. 263-269.

Wholey, Joseph S.  "Using Evaluation to Improve Program Performance." Bureaucrat.
Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer 1991. pp.  55-59.
                        PESTICIDES & TOXIC SUBSTANCES

Abelson, Philip H.  "Excessive Fear of PCBs." [editorial—poly chlorinated biphenyls] Science.
Vol.  253, No. 5018, July 26, 1991. p. 361.

"Chemical Sensitivities Considered; Would Protections Hurt Business?"  Indoor Pollution
News. Vol. 4, No.  14, July 25, 1991. p. 7.

D'Amico, Esther. "The Never-Ending Quest for Safety." [chemical industry safety]
Chemicalweek.  Vol. 149, No. I.July 31,1991.  pp.  16-17.

"A First Step, but Still a Long Way to Go." [first EPA approval of genetically engineered
biological pesticide]  Nature.  Vol. 352, No. 6334, August 1,1991.  p. 365.

Hileman, Bette.  "Multiple Chemical Sensitivity." Chemical & Engineering News. Vol.  69,
No. 29, July 22, 1991. pp.  26-42.

Newman, Alan.  "Analytical Techniques: Highlights from EPA's Norfolk, VA, Conference."
Environmental Science & Technology. Vol. 25, No. 8, August 1991.  pp.  1363-1364.

Rotman, David.  "Producers Report Progress on 1990 Toxics Release."  Chemicalweek.
Vol.  148, No.  27, July 24,1991. p. 15.


                                     THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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Schroeder, Michael. "Did Westinghouse Keep Mum on PCBsr [polychlorinated bipbenyis]
Business Week. No. 3226, August 12,1991.  pp.  68-70.

"Secondhand Contamination Dangers Need Federal Attention, Panel Told." Indoor Pollution
News. Vol.  4, No. 15, Augusts, 1991. p. 6.

Sunshine, Irving, ed. Year Book of Toxicology. [3d ed.]  Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1991
REFRA1211 .Y431991

Zilberman, David, et al. "The Economics of Pesticide Use and Regulation." Science.
Vol. 253, No.  5019, August 2, 1991. pp. 518-522.
                     POLLUTION PREVENTION & SOLID WASTE

Cross, W. Alex. "Composting Reduces Solid Waste Volume."  Pollution Engineering. Vol.  23,
No. 7, July 1991. pp. 86-87.

Folz, David H. "Recycling Program Design, Management, and Participation: A National Survey
of Municipal Experience." Public Administration Review. Vol.  51, No.  5, May/June 1991.
pp.  222-231.

Jones, Dick.  "Pollution Prevention: A State Perspective." Pollution Engineering. Vol. 23,
No. 7, July 1991. pp. 27-28,30.

Panchapakesan, B. "Process Modifications, End-of-Pipe Technologies Reduce Effluent
Color." Pulp & Paper. Vol. 65, No. 8, August 1991. pp. 82-84.

Kemezis, Paul. "Arizona Adopts Law to  Spur Waste Reduction." Chemicalweek. Vol.  148,
No. 27, July 24, 1991.  p. 18.

Pedersen, Tom A.; Curtis, James T. So/7 Vapor Extraction Technology Reference Handbook.
(Project Summary) Cincinnati, OH: Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, USEPA,
June 1991. (EPA/540/S2-91 /003)

Port, Otis, ed. "Cheap Solar Power: Has the Dream Come True?" Business Week.
No. 3226, Aygust 12, 1991. p. 49.

Preliminary Risk Assessment for Parasites in Municipal Sewage Sludge Applied to Land.
(Project Summary). Washington, DC: Office of Health and Environmental Assessment,
USEPA, July 1991.  (EPA/600/S6-91/001)
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                                      WATER

Note: The Library has a special collection concerning water resources. For more information
contact Mary Beth Weaver at 202-260-1757.

Aim, AMn L "Nonpoint Source Pollution." Environmental Science & Technology. Vol.  25,
No. 8, August 1991. p. 1369.

Carpenter, Betsy, et al. "Is Your Water Safe?" U.S. News & World Report. Vol. 111, No. 5,
pp. 48-55.

Cheremisinoff, Paul N. "Options for Treating Wastewater." Pollution Engineering. Vol.  23,
No. 7, July 1991.  pp.  54-58.

Daub, Vivian M. [Office of Water, USEPA] "Integrating Pollution Prevention Into Water
Programs." Pollution Engineering. Vol. 23, No.  7, July 1991. pp. 17-18,20.

Raver, Anne. "Let Us Now Praise Famous Swamps."  [wetlands]  New York Times Magazine.
Section 6, August 18,1991.  pp. 20-23.

Rose, Joan B.; Gerba, Charles P.; Jakubowski, Walter [USEPA]. "Survey of Potable Water
Supplies for Cryptosporidium and Giardia."  Environmental Science & Technology.  Vol. 25,
No.  8, August 1991. pp. 1393-1400.
                                     GENERAL
Civil Engineering.  A complete issue devoted to the environment.  Vol. 61, No.  8, August
1991. Contains articles ranging from wastewater reclamation and a debate over large dams,
to articles on a baled-waste-only landfill, nutrified sludge and an efficient car fueling facility at a
Phoenix, Arizona airport.
Angelo, Charles T.  The Federal Travel Revolution." Government Executive.  Vol. 23, No.  8,
August 1991. pp. 48,50,52.

Barron, Tom. "New Age of Consulting Wizardry." [overview of environmental consulting firms
and the trends shaping the industry, questions to ask consultants, list of top 100 consulting
firms] Environment Today. Vol. 2, No.  6, July/August 1991.  pp. 21-23,24,26,28-31,34-39.

Begley, Ronald. "Six Companies Win Awards."  [environmental honor roll] Chemicalweek.
Vol.  148, No. 25, July 3/10,1991. p. 14.

Chapman, Peter M.  "Environmental Quality Criteria."  Environmental Science & Technology.
Vol.  25, No. 8, August 1991. pp.  1352-1359.


                                      THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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Dial, Clyde; Wahl, George. Diaper Industry Workshop Report. (Project Summary). Cincinnati,
OH: Risk Reduction and Engineering Laboratory, USEPA, June 1991. (EPA/600/S2-91/018)

Dowd, A. Joseph. "Science and Environmental Politics."  Vital Speeches of the Day. Vol. 57,
No. 19, July 15, 1991.  pp. 590-594.

Egan, Timothy. "The Great Alaska Debate: Can Oil and Wilderness Mix?"  New York Times
Magazine. August 4,1991. Section 6.  pp. 20-26,49.

Heller, Karen. "Taking the Nonpartisan View." [Scientists and Engineers for a Cleaner
Environment] Chemicalweek. Vol.  149, No.  I.July 31,1991.  p.  7.

Lepkowski, Wil.  "Technology Transfer Problems Discussed." Chemical & Engineering News.
Vol. 69, No. 31, August 5,1991.  pp.  13-14.

"New Environmental Commission  Launched." Chemical & Engineering News. Vol. 69,
No. 31, August 5, 1991. p. 11.

Pirocanac, Diane. "How Does Your Salary Compare?" [environmental professionals]
Pollution Engineering. Vol. 23, No.  7, July 1991. pp.  12-15.

Roessner, J. David; Bean, Alden S.  "How Industry Interacts with Federal Laboratories."
Research Technology Management. Vol. 34, No. 4, July/August 1991. pp.  22-25.

Statistical Methods for the Environmental Sciences.  [Special Issue] Environmental Monitoring
and Assessment. Vol.  17, Nos. 2/3, May/June 1991.

Toufexis, Anastasia. "Now Hear This—If You Can."  [noise pollution] Time. Vol.  138, No. 5,
Augusts, 1991.  pp. 50-51.

Zurer, Pamela. "Scientists Urged to Face Growing Public Role in Research Decisions."
Chemical & Engineering News. Vol. 69, No.  31, Augusts, 1991.  pp.  12-13.
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                           QUESTION OF THE MONTH

QUESTION: What is bioremediation?

ANSWER: Bioremediation is a process that uses microbes to degrade toxic manmade organic
compounds. It uses proven biological methods for site decontamination and removal of
residual toxins from wastewater streams and is viewed an ecologically sound solution to toxic
waste problems. When a compound is  biodegradable, the resulting degradation products are
carbon dioxide,  cell protein and water.

      Interestingly enough, despite recent publicity about it, biodegradation is a technique that
is at least 20 years old. It began with the "relatively haphazard application of bacterial strains
originally developed for the production of enzymes used in detergents."  (1) Current production
methods involve the selection of a bacterial strain known to have been active in the presence
of the toxin to be degraded and then adapting it to higher and higher concentrations. The most
active colonies are selected and subjected to a process that makes the adaptation more
permanent. The microbe resulting from this process is then grown in quantity and preserved
as a liquid suspension or a solid for application later. Despite the public's concern about the
"superbugs" resulting from this process, according to the articles cited below, the microbes
resulting from this production method are no more a threat to the environment than hybrid
roses, and, in fact, the production methods are similar to the natural techniques used in
manipulating the genetic material to produce the hybrid roses.

      There are three general bioremediation techniques in use today: biostimulation,
bioslurry, and biofarming. Biostimulation's primary use is in the cleanup of contaminated
groundwater and soils.  Its process involves treating contaminated water that has been
pumped to the surface, and then injecting the treated water back into the contaminated soil the
water was pumped from. Bioslurry is used for sludges and highly contaminated soils and is a
modified version of the activated sludge process typical of many municipal and industrial
wastewater treatment systems.  Biofarming is used  with  lightly contaminated soils and is a
modified form of composting wherein soils are tilled periodically to provide mixing and aeration
thereby enhancing the breakdown of the organics targeted. The EPA's testing of
bioremediation to clean the shores in Alaska following the Valdez disaster was a form of
biofarming and  employed nutrients to promote native bacterial growth.

      The growing sophistication of bioremediation techniques has brought about the
realization that the use of microbes is not always the answer.  Unfortunately they do not rapidly
degrade all substances without human  intervention. Certain environmental conditions must be
present for biodegradation to proceed at a  reasonable rate. These include the oxygen
concentration along  with nutrient availability, pH, temperature and moisture. The water
solubility of the contaminant and its affinity for soil or another solid matrix are also factors.
When successful, however, it does offer a cost effective  technology to reduce toxic organic
substances, and is considered an ultimate destruction technology because when carried to
completion, the  resultant degraded substances are  natural.

Sources Consulted:
Zitrides, Thoma G.  "Bioremediation Comes of Age." Pollution Engineering. Vol.  22, No. 5, May 1990.

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                              WHAT'S HAPPENING

The following is a selection of conferences on environmental topics. The Headquarters Library
maintains a collection of notices. For more information on these conferences contact the
Library at 202-260-5922.

New RCRA Regulations—Industrial Boilers, Furnaces, and Incinerators: What Has
Happened to Permitting, Operating Experience, and Environmental Imports. Orlando,
FL, March 17-19,1992. Sponsored by the Air & Waste Management Association. Call for
caBfirs—abstracts of 500 words or less by October 1,1991 to: Myron W. Black, Lafarge
Corporation, P.O. Box 887, Southfield, Ml 48037 or call (313) 354-9050.

Oil and Gas Law or Federal Oil and Gas Leasing. Breckenridge, CO,
October 27-November 2,1991. Sponsored by the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation,
the first course presents the fundamentals of oil and gas law while the second one provides
case studies.  For more information contact: Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, Porter
Administration Bldg., 7039 East 18th Ave., Denver, CO 80221 or call (303) 321-8100.

The Labor Requirements of The Service Contract Act. Washington, DC, November 1,
1991 and Colorado Springs, CO, November 6,1991.  Presented by Federal Publications Inc.
The program teaches what the Service Contract Act's labor requirements are, when they are
applicable, and how to efficiently incorporate them into daily contracting activities. For more
information contact:  Miss U.K. Van Wycks, Federal Publications Inc., 1120 20th St., NW,
Washington, DC  20036 or call (202) 337-7000 or Fax 202-775-9304.

International Symposium on the Health Effects of Gasoline. Miami, FL,
November 5-8,1991. Sponsored by the American Petroleum Institute. Symposium covers
human health effects, including results of epidemiology and animal studies, mechanistic
studies and risk characterization with reference to exposure to unbumed motor gasoline and
its components. For more information contact: David B. Disbennett, American Petroleum
Institute, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC  20005 or call (202) 682-8333 or
Fax (202) 682-8270.

4th International Conference on Ash Management & Utilization. Arlington, VA,
November 12-13,1991.  Presented by Resource Recovery Report and Dr. Warren Chesner,
this conference  emphasizes innovative techniques and practical solutions.  For more
information, contact: Richard Will, The Coordinate Group, Inc., 60 W. Lee Hwy., #200,
Warrenton, VA 22186 or call (800) 627-8913 or (703) 347-4500 or Fax (703)349-4540.

The Environmental Regulation Course. Knoxville, TN, November 12-14,1991. Presented
by Executive Enterprises, Inc. Basic comprehensive course. For more information contact:
Executive Enterprises, Inc.,  22 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10010-6904 or call
(800) 831-8333 or (212) 645-7880 or Fax (212) 645-8689.
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How to Comply With PCB Regulations. Indianapolis, IN, November 15,1991.  Sponsored
by the Environmental Resource Center. Covers understanding and complying with today's
PCB regulations and meeting emergency response requirements.  For more information
contact: Environmental Resource Center, 3679 Rosehill Road, Fayetteville, NC 28311-6634 or
call  (800) 5-ERC-ERC or (800) 537-2372 or (919) 822-1172 or Fax (919) 822-0449.

Sewer System Infrastructure Analysis and Rehabilitation. Boston, MA,
November 18-19,1991 ; Tampa, Fl, November 21 -22,1991.  Sponsored by The Center for
Environmental Research Information, USEPA. The seminars will present the latest available
methods and Technologies.  The technical content of the seminars will be based  primarily on a
new Technology Transfer Handbook currently being prepared to address this area. The
Handbook will be available to seminar attendees. For more information contact: Michelle
Roden at (617) 641-5346 or Susan Brager at (617) 641-5347.
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                                    THE INFORMATION BROKER SEPTEMBER 1991
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