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 \
 o WATER POLLUTION CONTROL RESEARCH SERIES 18O50HLA O9/73
 WATER QUALITY CRITERIA  DATA BOOK
              VOLUME 5
EFFECTS OF CHEMICALS ON AQUATIC LIFE
   U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

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        WATER QUALITY CRITERIA DATA BOOK - VOL. 5
           EFFECTS OF CHEMICALS ON AQUATIC LIFE
    (Compilation From the Literature Dated 1968-1972)
                    Homer T.  Kemp
                   Robert L.  Little
                   Verna L. Holoman
                         and
                    Ralph L.  Darby
                Grant Number R-8009^2
               Project Number 18050 HLA
                     Project Officer

                     Robert Andrew
          U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
            National Water Quality Laboratory
               Duluth,  Minnesota  55&OU
                        for the

          OFFICE OF  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
               Washington, D.C.  20U60
                    September 1973
For ttte by the Superintendent of Document*. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402

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                       EPA REVIEW NOTICE
This report has been reviewed by the Office of Research and
Development, EPA, and approved for publication.  Approval does
not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and
policies of the Environmental Protection Agency, nor does
mention of trade names or commercial products constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use.
                               ii

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                             ABSTRACT
This report is an extensive compilation of data on the effects of
chemicals on aquatic life which were extracted from literature published
during the period 1968-1972.  It is an update of an earlier report
entitled "Water Quality Criteria Data Book, Volume III, Effects of
Chemicals on Aquatic Life" (Kemp, et al., 1971).  The data are arranged
alphabetically by chemical and are concisely presented in a columnar
format which includes organism names, type of study, chemical effect,
controlled parameters, significant comments on the test, and source of
the data.  The data were compiled using a program prepared as part of
the work.
                                 iii

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                             CONTENTS
Section                                                       Page
   I    Recommendations                                         1

  II    Introduction                                            3

 III    Procedure                                               5

  IV    Acknowledgements                                        9

   V    References
                                                               11

  VI    Appendices

          A,   Chemical Names                                   A-l
          B.   Species Index                                    B-l
          C.   Chemical Index                                   C-l
                                iv

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                            SECTION I
                          RECOMMENDATIONS
In a prior report (Water Quality Criteria Data Book, Volume III.
Effects of Chemicals on Aquatic Life,  Kemp, H. T., Abrams, J. P.,
Overbeck, R. C., EPA Contract No. 68-01-0007, Project No. 18050 GWV,
1971, 528 pp), several recommendations were presented.  These are
restated as follows with any appropriate comments.

(l)  Establishment of a Chemical Pollution Effect Information Analysis
     Center.The Analytical Methodology Information Center (AMIC)
     sponsored by EPA at Battelle's Columbus Laboratories fills this
     need.

(2)  Preparation of Listings of Chemical Constituents in Effluents by
     Cooperative Input From Industry".   To the authors' knowledge this
     has not been done nor is there a  current attempt to do so.

(3)  Development of a Standard Pattern of Laboratory Evaluations for
     Estimating More Accurately the Effect of Chemicals on Aquatic
     Life.To the authors' knowledge  no standard pattern of laboratory
     evaluations is widely accepted.  Considerable progress has been
     made recently, however, in particular at the National Water Quality
     Laboratory (Duluth, Minnesota) and Virginia Polytechnic Institute.
     Significant efforts to compile bioassay information are in
     progress by Drs. Seba, Stephans,  Tarzwell,  and Weber, respectively,
     located at EPA establishments at  Denver (Colo.), Duluth (Minn.),
     West Kingston (R.I.), and Cincinnati (Ohio).  The classic report
     by McKee and Wolf (1963) is reportedly now  being updated.

(U)  Development of In Situ Field Bipassay Procedures for More Realistic
     Results Than Those Obtained in Laboratory Bioassays.Although
     increased publication of these types of data are apparent, there
     appears to be no large-scale trend in the published literature
     toward this approach.

(5)  Improved Reporting Would Greatly  Enhance the Utility of Chemical
     Effects Data and Allow More Precise Development of Multiyariate"
     Analysis and Mathematical Modeling.There  is a large volume of
     literature on mathematical modeling, a significant amount of which
     is concerned with environmental pollution problems.  For the most
     part, these models are not refined enough for practical utility in
     water pollution problems.  Improved, more detailed data would assist
     greatly in verifying these models and enhancing their practical
     utility.  The next few years will be crucial in this development.

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                            SECTION II
                           INTRODUCTION
This report was prepared to update the document,  "Water Quality Criteria
Book, Volume 3", published in May, 1971 (Kemp,  et al.,  1971).   This
updated version primarily contains extracted information from original
published data, but does not critically review bioassay procedures,
factors affecting chemical toxicity, and other subject  areas important
in the study of water pollution by chemicals.

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                           SECTION III
                            PROCEDURE
The literature search technique primarily involved acquisition of docu-
ments cited in selected sections of annual reviews published in the
Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, for the years 1968-1972.
These listings were quite comprehensive,  but were supplemented by addi-
tional documents identified in routine screening activities  of the
Analytical Methodology Information Center (AMIC), Battelle's Columbus
Laboratories.

The data were prepared on punched paper tape so that the  compilation
could be prepared by computer.  In addition, the format of the data  is
such that they can be loaded in the Analytical Methodology Information
Center data base.  Since index terms were added to each line of data,
they can be remotely searched on an on-line real-time computer system
located at Battelle's Columbus Laboratories.  Persons interested in
having access to this system should contact the AMIC Project Officer:

                  Mr. Luther E. Garrett
                  Data & Information Research Division
                  Office of Research & Development
                  Environmental Protection Agency
                  UoU M Street, S.W.
                  Washington, D.C.  2002^

As in the earlier document, extracted data are alphabetically arranged
by chemical name (Appendix A).  In all cases, chemical names and names
(common or scientific) of organisms designated by the authors were used
in this report.  Nomenclature was not changed or corrected in any
manner, that is, when the common name of a fish or a chemical was cited
by an author, this and this alone was used.  Therefore, in using these
data compilations, care should be exercised by the reader to search
chemical and biological synonomy.  For example, in Appendix  B,  Species
Index, data searches on bluegills (Page B-2) should include  the scienti-
fic name, Lepomis macrochirus (page B-6)  for completeness.   Likewise
trade names such as Sevin and Carbaryl should be searched for all data
on this insecticide.

In the authors' Judgment, the most significant toxicity levels in the
aquatic studies are those for fish specifically designated 96-hr TLjQ.
These were usually selected but other values were included when these
were not available.  96-hr TLm is designated as TU to abbreviate this
notation.  T2 was used for U8-hr TLm, and so on.  When £050, LC5Q, and
LD50 were Judged to be essentially equivalent to TLjn or TL5Q» then the
designation T was used to improve the consistency of data presentation.
The authors acknowledge that this is not standard practice and that
there may be important differences in these designations.

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Experimental conditions noted by authors in column six are denoted in
lower case letters (see page A-l) with asterisks to indicate when condi-
tions vere controlled.  In some cases, authors briefly referred to previ-
ous publications as a simple means of describing experimental conditions.
No asterisks were included in these instances although some conditions
were probably controlled.  The letters in footnote k were augmented so
that additional conditions could be indicated.  These were light (q)
(r) and (s).

Comments in general are brief, and it is recommended that interested
readers consult the original document for more complete information.

The chemical nature of most industrial effluents is very complex and
difficult to characterize.  Although increased numbers of publications
on this type of pollution problem are being published, there is no
highly satisfactory technique to include these data in the tabular format
used here.  For these reasons, this document must be described as
primarily containing data on the effect of single chemicals or simple
mixtures of chemicals on aquatic life.

There was no attempt to extract data from the various reviews available
since these rarely contained descriptive information concerning experi-
mental conditions.  Furthermore, only selective data are usually
discussed.  In the earlier report, more than 83 review papers were
cited.  To these can be added:

   Becker, C. D., Thatcher, T. 0., "Toxicity of Power Plant Chemicals
   to Aquatic Life",  Battelle Memorial Institute,  Pacific Northwest
   Laboratories. Richland, Washington, Report Nos. WASH-1214-9, UC-11,
   June 1973, 2k& pp.  AMIC-9135.

   Boccardy, J.  A.,  Spaulding, W.  M.,  Jr.,  "Effects of Surface
   Mining on Fish and Wildlife in Appalachia",  Bureau of Sport Fisheries
   and Wildlife, Publication No. 65,  1968.   AMIC-6389.

   Hunt,  E. G.,  Keith, J. 0., "Pesticide Analysis in Fish and Wildlife",
   Analytical Methods for Pesticides,  Plant Growth Regulators, and Food
   Additives, Vol. 5. 1907, p 147.AMIC-5758.

   Johnson, D. W., "Pesticides and Fishes - a Review of Selected
   Literature",  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 97*
   1968,  pp 398*52T;AMIC-5^63.

   Jones,  A.  N.,  Howells,  W.  R., "Recovery  of the River Rheidol",
   Effluent Water Treatment Journal, Vol. 9,  1969, pp 605-610.
   AMIC-5752.

   Seagran, H. L., "Mercury in Great Lakes  Fish",  Limnos,  Vol. 3*  No.  2,
   Summer 1970,  pp 3-10.   AMIC-153.

   Sprague, J. B., "Measurement of Pollutant Toxicity to Fish.
   I.   Bioassay  Methods for Acute  Toxicity",  Water Research,  Vol.  3,
   1969,  PP 793-821.   AMIC-137.

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    Sprague,  J. B.,  "Measurement of Pollutant Toxicity to Fish.
    II.  Utilizing and Applying Bioassay Results", Water Research,
    Vol. k, 1970,  pp 3-32.  AMIC-358.

    Swabey, Y. H.,  "The Autopsy of Fish Collected in Fish Kills",
    The Ontario Water Resources Commission, Canada, Publication No.
    11. 1966, 19 PP.

Not reviewed in this report are bioassay procedures, field assessment
techniques,  and related topics.  A number of recent documents would be
useful for this purpose, including:

    Bell, M.  C., "Fisheries Handbook of Engineering Requirements
    and Biological Criteria", Fisheries-Engineering Research Program,
    Corps of  Engineers, North Pacific Div., Portland, Oregon, Contract
    No. DACW57-68-C-0086, 1973, 508 pp.

    Cairns, J., Dickson, K. L., "Biological Methods for the Assessment
    of Water  Quality", ASTM Special Technical Publication No. 528,
    1973, 262 pp.

    Dills, G. G., Rogers, D. T., "Aquatic Community Structure as an
    Indicator of Pollution", Geological Survey of Alabama, Circular 80,
    1972, 25  pp.

    Smith, L. S., Saddler, J. B., Cardwell, R. C., et al., "Responses of
    Teleost Fish to Environmental Stress", University of Washington,
    Fisheries Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, EPA Grant No.
    18050EBK, 1971, 11^ pp.

One report by McPhee and Ruelle (1969) was received too late to include
in  this compilation.  In it are summarized toxicity data for 1888
chemicals against five fish species in a piscicide screening program.

It  was previously suggested that ecological investigators be encouraged
to  include in their  reports:

     •  Positive identity of chemicals under test
     •  Precise description of test organisms
     •  Use of standard test or field methods, where applicable,
          or of procedures if standard methods are not used
     •  Closer definition and control of test conditions

Although papers have generally improved in these regards, not all
investigators include all desirable details of their experimentation.

A species index is included as Appendix B.  Appendix C is a list of
commercial chemicals cited in the data section (Appendix A) and includes,
when available,  the chemical nature of the compound.

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                            SECTION IV


                         ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to express their appreciation to the  Project Officer,
Mr. Robert Andrew,  for his assistance and concern for  this work.
                                             Homer T.  Kemp
                                             Robert L. Little
                                             Verna L.  Holoman
                                             Ralph L.  Darby

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                             REFERENCES
Abedi, Z. H., McKinley, W. P.
"ZEBRA FISH EGGS AND LARVAE AS AFLATOXIN BIOASSAY TEST ORGANISMS",  Journal
of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists,  Vol.  51,  No.  U, 1968,
pp 902-905.  AMIC-3712.

Abedi, Z. H., Turton, D. E.
"NOTE ON THE RESPONSE OF ZEBRA FISH LARVAE TO FOLPET AND DIFOLATAN",
Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Vol.  51, No.  5,
1968, pp 1105-1109.  AMIC-3717.

Adelman, I. R., Smith, L. L., Jr.
"EFFECT OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE ON NORTHERN PIKE EGGS AND SAC FRY",
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 99,  No.  3,  1970,
pp 501-509.AMIC-5516.

Alabaster, J. S.
"SURVIVAL OF FISH IN l6U HERBICIDES, INSECTICIDES, FUNGICIDES, WETTING
AGENTS AND MISCELLANEOUS SUBSTANCES", International Pest Control, torch/
April 1969, PP 29-35.  AMIC-5U25.

Anderson, J. M.
"EFFECT OF SUBLETHAL DDT ON THE LATERAL LINE OF BROOK TROUT,  SALVELINUS
FONTINALIS", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada,  Vol. 25,
No. 12, 1968, pp 2677-2652.  AMIC-37651.

Anderson, J. M., Peterson, M. R.
"DDT:  SUBLETHAL EFFECTS ON BROOK TROUT NERVOUS SYSTEM",  Science, Vol. 16U,
April 25, 1969, PP UUo-UUl.  AMIC-3838.

Anderson, J. M., Prins, H. B.
"EFFECTS OF SUBLETHAL DDT ON A SIMPLE REFLEX IN BROOK TROUT", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 2, 1970, pp 331-331*.
AMIC-3782."""""

Arthur, J. W., Leonard, E. N.
"EFFECTS OF COPPER ON GAMMARUS PSEUDOLIMNAEUS, PHYSA INTEGRA, AND
CAMPELOMA DECISUM IN SOFT WATER", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board
of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 7, July 1970, pp 1277-12«3.AMIC-B67.

Ashley, L. M.
"ACTION OF IRON SALTS IN SOLUTION ON GOLDFISH", The Progressive  Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 32, April 1970, p 109.  AMIC-5^3^

Aubin, A. E., Johansen, P. H.
"THE EFFECTS OF AN ACUTE DDT EXPOSURE ON THE SPONTANEOUS ELECTRICAL
ACTIVITY OF GOLDFISH CEREBELLUM", Canadian Journal of Zoology. Vol. kj,
No. 2, March 1969, PP 163-166.  AMIC-3B35.
                               11

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Bache, C. A., Gutenmann, W. H., Lisk, D. J.
 "RESIDUES OF TOTAL MERCURY AND METHYLMERCURIC SALTS IN LAKE TROUT AS A
FUNCTION OF AGE", Science, Vol. 172, May 28, 1971, PP 951-952.  AMIC-3818.

Bahr, T. G., Ball, R. C.
 "ACTION OF DDT ON EVOKED AND SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITY FROM THE RAINBOW TROUT
LATERAL LINE NERVE", Comp, Biochem. Physiol., Vol. 3&A, 1971, PP 279-284,
AMIC-3&08.

Baker, J. T. P.
 "HISTOLOGICAL AND ELECTRON MICROSCOPICAL OBSERVATIONS ON COPPER
POISONING IN THE WINTER FLOUNDER ( PSEUDOPLEURONECTES AMERICANUS) ", Journal
of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No. 11, 1969,
pp 2785-2793.  AMIC-3763.

Baldridge, H. D., Jr.
 "KINETICS OF ONSET OF RESPONSES BY SHARKS TO WATERBORNE DRUGS", Bulletin
of Marine Science, Vol. 19, No. U, 1969, PP 88U-892.  AMIC-3832.

Ballard, J. A., Oliff, W. D.
 "A RAPID METHOD FOR MEASURING THE ACUTE TOXIC ITY OF DISSOLVED MATERIALS
TO MARINE FISHES", Water Research, Vol. 3, 1969, pp 313-333.  AMIC-300.

Batterton, J. C., Boush, G. M. , Matsuraura, F.
 "GROWTH RESPONSE OF BLUE -GREEN ALGAE TO ALDRIN, DIELDRIN, ENDRIN AND
THEIR METABOLITES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 6, November/December 1971, PP 589-594.  AMIC-lU?l.

Bell, H. L., Nebeker, A. V.
 "PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON THE TOLERANCE AQUATIC INSECTS TO LOW pH", Journal
of the Kansas Entomological Society, Vol. 42, No. 2, April 1969, pp 230-
Bender, M. E.
 "THE TOXICITY OF THE HYDROLYSIS AND BREAKDOWN PRODUCTS OF MALATHION TO THE
FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS, RAFINESQUE ) ", Water Research, Vol. 3,
1969, PP 571-582.  AMIC-3787.

Bender, M. E.
"UPTAKE AND RETENTION OF MALATHION BY THE CARP", The Progressive Fish.
Culturist. Vol. 31, July 1969, PP 155-159.  AMIC-5731.

Bender, M. E., Eisele, P.
"LONG TERM EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES ON STREAM INVERTEBRATES", University of
Michigan, Department of Environmental and Industrial Health, Ann Arbor,
Michigan, Project Completion Report, December 1971, 28 pp, PB-206 692.
AMIC-3279.

Bennett, H. J., Day, J. W., Jr.
"ABSORPTION OF ENDRIN BY THE BLUEGILL SUNFISH, LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS ",
Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol. 3, No. U, March 1970, pp 201-203.
AMIC-195.


                                12

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Berger, B. L., Lennon, R. E., Hogan, J. W.
"LABORATORY STUDIES ON ANTIMYCIN A AS A FISH TOXICANT",  U.  S. Bureau of
Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, Fish Control Laboratory, La Crosse,
Wisconsin, Investigations in Fish Control No. 26,  February  1969, 21 pp.
AMIC-5^95.

Bhatia, H. L.
"TOXICITY OF SOME PESTICIDES TO PUNTIUS TICTO (HAMILTON)",  Science and
Culture, Vol. 37, No. 3, March 1971, pp 160-161.  AMIC-5^23.

Birdsong, C. L., Avault, J. W., Jr.
"TOXICITY OF CERTAIN CHEMICALS TO JUVENILE POMPANO", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 33, No. 2, April 1971, PP 76-80.  AMIC-5570.

Boer, H. H., Lever, J.
"THE EFFECT OF AMPHENONE B ON THE EGG PRODUCTION OF LYMNAEA STAGNALIS",
Malacologia, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1967, PP U31-UUU.  AMIC-5^5.

Brown, V. M., Dalton, R. A.
"THE ACUTE LETHAL TOXICITY TO RAINBOW TROUT OF MIXTURES  OF  COPPER, PHENOL,
ZINC, AND NICKEL", Journal of Fish Biology, Vol. 2, 1970, pp 211-216.
AMIC-5991*.

Brown, V. M., Jordan, D. H. M., Tiller, B. A.
"THE ACUTE TOXICITY TO RAINBOW TROUT OF FLUCTUATING CONCENTRATIONS AND
MIXTURES OF AMMONIA, PHENOL, AND ZINC", Journal of Fish  Biology, Vol. 1,
1969, pp 1-9.  AMIC-5993.

Brungs, W. A.
"CHRONIC TOXICITY OF ZINC TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS
RAFINESQUE", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society,  Vol.  98,
1969, pp 272-2791AMIC-5458.

Buhler, D. R., Shanks, W. E.
"INFLUENCE OF BODY WEIGHT ON CHRONIC ORAL DDT TOXICITY IN COHO SALMON",
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol.  27, No. 2, 1970,
PP 3^7-358.  AMIC-3701.

Burton, D. T.
"LACTIC AND FYRUVIC ACID CHANGES IN BLUEGILL SUNFISH (LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS
RAFINESQUE) DURING GRADUAL HYPOXIA AT TWO ACCLIMATION TEMPERATURES. (5 AND
20 C)", The ASB Bulletin, Vol. 17, No. 2, April 1970, p  35.  AMIC-6385.

Butler, G. W., Ferguson, D. E., Sadler, C. R.
"EFFECTS OF SUBLETHAL PARATHION EXPOSURE ON THE BLOOD OF GOLDEN SHINERS,
NOTEMIGONUS CRYSOLEUCAS", Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Science,
Vol. 15, 1969, PP 33-36.  AMIC-5977.

Cairns, J., Jr., Sparks, R. E.
"THE USE OF BLUEGILL BREATHING TO DETECT ZINC", Virginia Polytechnic
Institute and State University, Center for Environmental Studies,  Blacksburg,
Virginia, Water Pollution Control Research Series 18050  EDQ 12/71, December
1971, fc5 PP.  AMIC-3232.


                                   13

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Cairns, J., Jr., Waller, W. T.
 "THE USE OF FISH MOVEMENT PATTERNS TO MONITOR ZINC", Virginia Polytechnic
 Institute and State University, Center for Environmental Studies, Blacksburg,
Virginia, Water Pollution Control Research Series 18050 EDP 12/71,
December 1971, 55 pp.  AMIC-323L

Cairns, J., Loos, J. J.
 "CHANGED FEEDING RATE OF BRACHYDANIO RERIO (HAMILTON-BUCHANAN) RESULTING
FROM EXPOSURE TO SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATIONS OF ZINC, POTASSIUM BICHROMATE,
AND ALKYL BENZENE SULFONATE", Pennsylvania Academy of Science, 1967,
pp U7-52.  AMIC-5707.

Chen, C. W., Selleck, R. E.
 "A KINETIC MODEL OF FISH TOXICITY THRESHOLD", Journal Water Pollution
Control Federation. Vol. Ul, 1969, PP R29^-R30^.  AMIC-3831.

Coler, R. A., Gunner, H. B., Zuckerman, B. M.
 "TUBIFICID SENSITIVITY TO STREPTOMYCIN", Transactions of the American
Fisheries Society. Vol. 97, 1968, pp 502-503.  AMIC-5^60.

Cooke, A. S.
 "SELECTIVE PREDATION BY NEWTS ON FROG TADPOLES TREATED WITH DDT", Nature,
Vol. 229, January 22, 1971, pp 275-276.  AMIC-381^.

Cordone, A. J., Nicola, S. J.
 "INFLUENCE OF MOLYBDENUM ON THE TROUT AND TROUT FISHING OF CASTLE LAKE",
California Fish and Game, Vol. 56, No. 2, 1970, pp 96-108.  AMIC-5750.

Cowmeadow, M. M., Steege, P. T., Pang, P. K. T., Grant, F. B.
 "A STUDY OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF SULFISOXAZOLE ON THE KILLIFISH",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31, October 1969, PP 226-228.
AMIC-5736.

Davis, H. C., Hindu, H.
"EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES ON EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT OF CLAMS AND OYSTERS AND
ON SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF THE LARVAE", U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Fishery Bulletin, Vol. 67, No. 2, 1969, pp 393-^04.  AMIC-5990.

Dimond, J. B., Getchell, A. S., Blease, J. A.
"ACCUMULATION AND PERSISTENCE OF DDT IN A LOTIC ECOSYSTEM", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 12, December 197!,
pp 1877-1882.  AMIC-3291.

Duke,  T. W., Lowe, J. I., Wilson, A. J., Jr.
"A POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (AROCLOR 125 *0 IN THE WATER, SEDIMENT, AND
BIOTA OF ESCAMBIA BAY, FLORIDA", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 5, No. 2, March/April 1970, pp 171-180.  AMIC-720.

Earnest, R. D.
"THE EFFECT OF PARAQUAT ON FISH IN A COLORADO FARM POND", The Progressive
Fish-Culturist, Vol. 33, No. 1, January 1971, PP 27-31.

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Eaton, J. G.
"CHRONIC MALATHION TOXICITY TO THE BLUEGILL (LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS
RAFINESQUE)", Water Research, Vol. k, October 1970,  pp 673-6$f.  AMIC-1312.

Ebel, W. J.
"SUPERSATURATION OF NITROGEN IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER AND ITS EFFECT  ON
SALMON AND STEELHEAD TROUT", Fishery Bulletin, Vol.  68, No. 1,  1969,
pp 1-9.  AMIC-6198.

Eisler, R.
"CADMIUM POISONING IN FUNDULUS HETEROCLITUS (PISCES:  CYPRINODONTIDAE)
AND OTHER MARINE ORGANISMS", Journal of the Fisheries Research  Board of
Canada, Vol. 28, No. 9, September 1971, pp 1225-123^.AMIC-1621.

Eller, L. L.
"PATHOLOGY IN REDEAR SUNFISH EXPOSED TO HYDROTHOL 191", Transactions of
the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98, 1969, PP 52-59.  AMIC-5^59.

Epifanio, C. E.
"EFFECTS OF DIELDRIN IN SEAWATER ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO SPECIES OF CRAB
LARVAE, LEPTODIUS FLORIDANUS AND PANOPEUS HERBSTII", Marine Biology, Vol.  11,
No. k, December 1971, PP 356-362.  AMIC-2653.

Erickson, S. J., Lackie, N., Maloney, T. E.
"A SCREENING TECHNIQUE FOR ESTIMATING COPPER TOXICITY TO ESTUARINE
PHYTOPLANKTON", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. U2, No. 8,
Part 2, August 1970, pp R270-R278.  AMIC-W?.

Ferguson, D. E., Ludke, J. L., Finley, M. T., Murphy, G. G.
"INSECTICIDE^RESISTANT FISHES:  A POTENTIAL HAZARD TO CONSUMERS",
Mississippi Academy of Science Journal, Vol. 13, 1967, PP 138-1^0.
AMIC-5970.

Fletcher, G. L., Hoyle, R. J., Home, D. A.
"YELLOW PHOSPHORUS POLLUTION:  ITS TOXICITY TO SEAWATER-MAINTAINED BROOK
TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) AND SMELT (OSMERUS MORDAX)", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 8,  August 1970,
pp 1379-13W.  AMIC-839.

Fredeen, F. J. H., Duffy, J. R.
"INSECTICIDE RESIDUES IN SOME COMPONENTS OF THE ST.  LAWRENCE RIVER
ECOSYSTEM", Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol. 3, No. U, March 1970,
pp 219-226.  AMIC-53^.

Gardner, G. R., Yevich, P. P.
"HISTOLOGICAL AND HEMATOLCGICAL RESPONSES OF AN ESTUARINE TELCOST TO
CADMIUM", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol.  27,
No. 12, 1970, pp 210-5-2193.  AMIC-3«27.

Garrison, R. L.
"THE TOXICITY OF PRO-NOXFISH TO SALMONID EGGS AND FRY", The Progressive
Fish-Culturist, Vol. 30, January 1968, pp 35-38.  AMIC-573TK


                                  15

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Gibson, J. R., Ludke, J. L., Ferguson, D. E.
"SOUBCES OF ERROR IN THE USE OF FISH-BRAIN ACEIYLCHOLINESTERASE ACTIVITY
AS A MONITOR FOR POLLUTION", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. U, No. 1, 1969, pp 17-23.  AMIC-3783.

Gibson, J. R., Ludke, J. L.
 "EFFECT OF SESAMEX ON BRAIN ACETTLCHOLINESTERASE INHIBITION BY
PARATHION IN FISHES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 1971, PP 97-99.  AMIC-3799.

Grant, B. F., Mehrle, P. M.
 "CHRONIC ENDRIN POISONING IN GOLDFISH, CARASSIUS AURATUS", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada. Vol. 27, No. 12, 1970, pp 2225-223^.
AMIC-3t42b.

Grosch, D. S.
 "POISONING WITH DDT:  SECOND- AND THIRD-YEAR REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE
OF ARTEMIA",  Pollution  - Foundations for Today. Vol. 2, 1971, pp 8U-85.
AKLC-2090.                           '

Guthrie, J. E., Acres,  0. E.
 "TOXICITY TO  FISH OF TWO ORGANIC REACTOR COOLANTS", BvT»0tin of
Environmental CpntaMnatipn and Toxicology. Vol. 5, No. 2, March/
April 1970, pp W-5-151.AMIC-721.

 Hones, D., Krueger, H., Pilcher, K. S.
 "PENTACHLOROPHENOL AND  CULTURES OF EMBRYONIC CELLS FROM ONCORHYNCHUS
 KISUTCH",  Proceedings of the Western Pharmacological Society, Vol. 13*
 1970* PP 62-68.  AMIC-5753.

 Hansen,  D.J., Parrish,  P.R., Lowe, J.I., Wilson, A.J.,  Jr., Wilson, P.D.
 "CHRONIC TOXICITY, UPTAKE, AND RETENTION OF AROCLOR 125^ IN TWO ESTUARINE
 FISHES", Bulletin  of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 6,
 No.  2, March/April 1971, pp 113-119.  AMIC-1811.

 Hatfield,  C,  T.
 "EFFECTS OF DDT  LARVICIDING ON AQUATIC FAUNA OF BOBBY'S BROOK,
 LABRADOR", Canadian Fish Culturist. Vol. Uo, 1969, pp 61-72.  AMIC-5770.

 Haven, D.  S.
 "LEVELS  OF THE HERBICIDE DIQUAT IN TWO ESTUARINE MOLLUSCS AND IN THE
 WATER AND MUD",  Journal of Science. Vol. 20, 1969, pp 51-53.  AMIC-5978.

 Hazel, C.  R., Meith, S. J.
 "BIOASSAY OF  KING  SALMON EGGS AND SAC FRY  IN COPPER SOLUTIONS", California
 Fish and Game. Vol.  56, No. 2,  1970, pp  121-12U.  AMIC-5572.

 Henderson, C.,  Inglis,  A., Johnson, W. L.
 "RESIDUES IN FISH, WILDLIFE, AND ESTUARIES. ORGANOCHLORINE INSECTICIDE
 RESIDUES IN FISH - FALL 1969 NATIONAL PESTICIDE MONITORING PROGRAM",
 Pesticides Monitoring Journal.  Vol.  5, No.  1,  June 1971, PP 1-11.
 AMIC-1W7.
                                   16

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Hiltilaran, R. C.
"A PROPOSED BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM OF THE TOXIC ACTION OF DDT", Trans-
actions of the Illinois Academy of Science, Vol. 6k t No. 1, 197!,
PP U6-5^.  AMIC-5975.

Hogan, R. L. , Roeloes, E. W.
"CONCENTRATIONS OF DIELDRIN IN THE BLOOD AND BRAIN OF THE GREEN
SUNFISH, LEPOMIS CYANELLUS, AT DEATH", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada. Vol. 28, No. k, 1971, pp 610-612.
Holland, H. T., Coppage, D. L.
"SENSITIVITY TO PESTICIDES IN THREE GENERATIONS OF SHEEPSHEAD MINNOWS",
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 5, No. U,
July /August 1970, pp 3o2-367.  AMIC-726.

Houston, A. H., Madden, J. A., Woods, R. J., Miles, H. M.
'VARIATIONS IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUE CHEMISTRY OF BROOK TROUT, SALVELINUS
FONTINALIS, SUBSEQUENT TO HANDLING, ANESTHESIA, AND SURGERY", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1971,
PP 035-642.  AMIC-3B22.

Houston, A. H., Madden, J. A., Woods, R. J., Miles, H. M.
"SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF HANDLING AND TRICAINE METHANE -SULPHONATE
ANESTHETIZATION UPON THE BROOK TROUT, SALVELINUS FONTINALIS", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5, May 1971,
PP 025.533.  AMIC-3B23.

Rowland, R. M.
"INTERACTION OF ANTIMYCIN A AND ROTENONE IN FISH BIOASSAYS", The
Progressive Flsh-Culturist. Vol. 31, January 1969, pp 33-31*. "AMIC-5725.

Hubschman, J. H.
"EFFECTS OF COPPER ON THE CRAYFISH ORCONECTES RUSTICUS (GIRARD)
I.  ACUTE TOXICITY", Crustaceana, Vol. 12, 1967, PP 33-^2.  AMIC-5985.

Huner, J. V., Dovden, B. F., Bennett, H. J.
"THE EFFECTS OF ENDRIN ON THE OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF THE BLUEGILL SUNFISH
LEPOMIS MACROCHIRUS", Louisiana Academy of Sciences. Vol. 30, 19^7,
PP 80-86.  AMIC-5981.

Jackson, D. A., Anderson, J. M., Gardner, D. R.
"FURTHER INVESTIGATIONS OF THE EFFECT OF DDT ON LEARNING IN FISH",
Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. ^8, 1970, pp 577-580.  AMIC-3837.

Johnson, B. T., Saunders, C. R., Sanders, H. 0.
"BIOLOGICAL MAGNIFICATION AND DEGRADATION OF DDT AND ALDRIN BY FRESHWATER
INVERTEBRATES", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada,  Vol.
28, No. 5, 1971, pp 705-709.  AMIC-3«20.

Kawatski, J. A., Schmulbach, J. C.
"ACCUMULATION OF INSECTICIDE IN FRESHWATER OSTRACODS EXPOSED
CONTINUOUSLY TO SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATIONS OF ALDRIN OR DIELDRIN",  Trans-
actions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 100, No. 3, 1971,
PP ^5-567.  AMIC-5506.


                                   17

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Kihlstrom, J. E., Lundberg, C., Hulth, L.
 "NUMBER OF EGGS AND YOUNG PRODUCED BY ZEBRAFISHES (BRACHYDANIO RERIO,
HAM. .BUCK. )  SPAWNING IN WATER CONTAINING SMALL AMOUNTS OF PHENYLMERCURIC
ACETATE", Environmental Research, Vol. k, No. U, October 1971,
PP 355-359.  AMIC-2707.

Konar,  S. K.
 "TOXIC ITY OF HEPTACHLOR TO AQUATIC LIFE", Journal Water Pollution Control
Federation.  Vol. te, No. 8, Part 2, August 1970, pp R299-B303.
 Konar, S. K.
 "EFFECTS OF HEPTACHLOR AND NICOTINE ON THE BARBELS OF A CATFISH
 (HETEROPNEUSTES FOSSILIS)", The Progressive Fish-Culturist. Vol. 31,
 1969, pp 62-63.  AMIC-5726.

 Konar, S. K.
 "NICOTINE AS A FISH POISON", The Progressive Fish-Culturist. Vol. 32,
 April 1970, pp 103-10U.  AMIC-5^35.

 Konar, S. K.
 "LABORATORY STUDIES ON TWO ORGANOPHOSPHORUS INSECTICIDES, DDVP AND
 PHOSPHAMIDON, AS SELECTIVE TOXICANTS", Transactions of the American
 Fisheries Society. Vol. 98, No.  3, 1969, PP ^30-^37.  AMIC-5^53.

 Konar, S. K.
 "LETHAL EFFECTS OF THE INSECTICIDE DDVP ON THE EGGS AND HATCHLINGS OF THE
 SNAKE -HEAD, CHANNA PUNCTATUS (Bl) (OPHICCEPHALIFORMES:  OPHIOCEPHA1IDAE)",
 Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, Vol. 15, No. 3, February 15, 1969,
 PP 130-133.  AMic-6388.

 Lane, C. E., Scura, E. D.
 "EFFECTS OF DIELDRIN ON GLUTAMIC OXALOACETIC TRANSAMINASE IN POECILIA
 LATIPINNA", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27,
 No. 10, October 1970, pp 1869-1871.  AMIC-1283.

 LaRoche, G., Eialer, R., Tarzwen, C. M.
 "BIOASSAY PROCEDURES FOR OIL AND OIL DISPERSANT TOXICITY EVALUATION",
 Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. ^2, No. 11, November
 1970, pp 1982-1989.  AMIC-445.

Lincer, J. L., Solon, J, M., Nair, J. H., Ill
 'DDT AND ENDRIN FISH TOXICITY UNDER STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC BIOASSAY
CONDITIONS", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. Vol. 99,
No. 1, 1970, pp 13-19.  AMIC-5509.

Linn, J. D., Stanley, R. L.
 "TDE RESIDUES IN CLEAR LAKE ANIMALS", California Fish and Game, Vol. 55,
No. 3, 1969, PP 16U-178.  AMIC-5521.
                                   18

-------
Lloyd, R., White, W. R.
"EFFECT OF HIGH CONCENTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE ON THE IONIC COMPOSITION
OF RAINBOW TROUT BLOOD", Nature, Vol. 216, December 30, 19^7, PP 13^
AMIC-3721.

Loeb, H. A., Starkey, R. J.
"SURVIVAL OF BURIED BULLHEADS SUBJECTED TO U'-IODO-3JfITROSALICYLANILIDE",
New York Fish and Game Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2, July 1966, pp 196-205.
AMIC-6199.

Lucas, H. F., Jr., Edgington, D. N.
"CONCENTRATIONS OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN GREAT LAKES FISHES", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. k, 1970, pp 677-6W.
AMIC-3778.

Lyraan, L. D., Tompkins, W. A., McCann, J. A.
"RESIDUES IN FISH, WILDLIFE, AND ESTUARIES", Pesticides Monitoring Journal,
Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1968, pp 109-122.  AMIC-3b39.

Macek, K. J.
"REPRODUCTION IN BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) FED SUBLETHAL
CONCENTRATIONS OF DDT", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada, Vol. 25, No. 9, 1968, pp 1707-1796.AMIC-3716.

Macek, K. J., Korn, S.
"SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FOOD CHAIN IN DDT ACCUMULATION BY FISH", Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 8, August 1970,
pp 1496-11*98.AMIC-tm.

Macek, K. J., McAllister, W. A.
"INSECTICIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SOME COMMON FISH FAMILY REPRESENTATIVES",
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, No. 1, 1970, pp 20-27.
AMIC-5510."~

MacPhee, C., Ruelle, R.
"A CHEMICAL SELECTIVELY LETHAL TO SQUAWFISH (PTYCHOCHEILUS OREGONENSIS
AND P. UMPQUAE)", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol.  98,
1969, pp 676-68^.  AMIC-5^50.

Manion, P. J.
"EVALUATION OF LAMPREY IARVICIDES IN THE BIG GARLIC RIVER AND SAUX HEAD
LAKE", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No.  11,
1969, PP 3077-3002.  AMIC-3761.

Mann, H.
"BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FATTY ALCOHOLS ON FRESHWATER ANIMALS", Internationale
Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, Vol. 56, No. U, 1971, PP 599-607,
AMIC-3079.
                                  19

-------
Marking, L. L.
"TOXICm OF METHYLPENTYNOL TO SELECTED FISHES", U. S. Bureau of Sport
Fisheries and Wildlife, Fish Control Laboratory, La Crosse, Wisconsin,
Investigations in Fish Control No. 30, February 1969, 7 pp.  AMIC-5^77.

Marking, L. L.
"JUGLONE (5-HYDROXY-l,U-NAPHTHOQUINONE) AS A FISH TOXICANT", Transactions
of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 99, No. 3, 1970, pp 510-514*.
AMIC-5517.

Marking, L. L.
"TOXICITY OF RHODAMINE B AND FLUORESCEIN SODIUM TO FISH AND THEIR
COMPATIBILITY WITH ANTIMTCIN A", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
July 1969, pp 139-lte.  AMIC-5729.

Mathur, D. S.
"TOXICITY OF ALDRIN TO CERTAIN FISH", Science and Culture, Vol. 35, No. 8,
August 1969, pp 418-^19.  AMIC-5^22.

Mawdesley-Thomas, L. E.
"TOXIC CHEMICALS - THE RISK TO FISH", New Scientist, Vol. k?t No. 73^,
January Ik, 1971, pp 7^-75.  AMIC-10561

Mclngvale, C. R., Ludke, L., Ferguson, D. E.
"OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF ENDRIN-SUSCEPTIBLE AND ENDRIN-RESISTANT GAMBUSIA
DURING SUBLETHAL AND ACUTE ENDRIN EXPOSURE", Journal of the Mississippi
Academy of Science, Vol. lU, 1968, pp 116-1211AMIC-5V75.

McKim, J. M., Christensen, G. M., Hunt, E. P.
"CHANGES IN THE BLOOD OF BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) AFTER SHORT-
TERM AND LONG-TERM EXPOSURE TO COPPER", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 10, 1970, pp Ibb13-1889.AMIC-382B.

McKim, J. M., Benoit, D. A.
"EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM EXPOSURES TO COPPER ON SURVIVAL, GROWTH, AND
REPRODUCTION OF BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS)", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada. Vol. 28, No. 5, 1971, PP 655-662.
AMIC-3821.

McKone, C. E., Young, R. G., Bache, C. A., Lisk, D. J.
"RAPID UPTAKE OF MERCURIC ION BY GOLDFISH", Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 5,
No. 11, November 1971, PP 1138-1139.  AMIC-15957

McReynolds, H. E.
"PRACTICALITY OF ENDRIN AS A FISH TOXICANT", Indiana Academy of Science
Proceedings. Vol. 79, 1969, pp 1U8-161.  AMIC-lOtJ.

Metcalf, R. L., Sangha, G. K., Kapoor, I. P.
"MODEL ECOSYSTEM FOR THE EVALUATION OF PESTICIDE BIODEGRADABILITY AND
ECOLOGICAL MAGNIFICATION", Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 5,
No. 8, August 1971, pp 709-713.  AMIC-1495.


                                  20

-------
Minchew, C. D., Ferguson, D. E.
"TOXICITIES OF SIX INSECTICIDES TO RESISTANT AND SUSCEPTIBLE GREEN
SUNFISH AND GOLDEN SHINERS IN STATIC BIOASSAYS", Journal of the
Mississippi Academy of Science. Vol. 15, 1970,  pp 29-32.   AMIC-5U71.

Mitchum, D. L., Moore, T. D.
"EFFICACY OF DI-N-BUTYL-TIN OXIDE ON AN INTESTINAL FLUKE, CREPIDOSTOMUM
FARIONIS, IN GOLDEN TROUT", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol.  31,
July 1969, PP 1U3-1W.  AMIC-5730.

Morris, R. L., Johnson, L. G.
"DIEIDRIN LEVELS IN FISH FROM IOWA STREAMS", Pesticides Monitoring
Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, June 1971, PP 12-16. AMIC-1452.

Moubry, R. J., Helm, J. M., Myrdal, G. R.
"CHLORINATED PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN AN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT LOCATED
ADJACENT TO A COMMERCIAL ORCHARD", Pesticides Monitoring Journal, Vol.
1, No. U, March 1968, pp 27-29.  AMIC-3753.

Mount, D. I., Boyle, H. W.
"PARATHION - USE OF BLOOD CONCENTRATION TO DIAGNOSE MORTALITY OF FISH",
Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 11, November 1969,
pp 1103-1105.  AMIC-11.

Mount, D. I., Stephan, C. E.
"CHRONIC TOXICITY OF COPPER TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMELAS)
IN SOFT WATER", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol.
26, No. 9, 1969, pp 2U49-2457.  AMIC-3765.

Munson, T. 0.
"CHLORINATED HYDROCARBON RESIDUES IN MARINE ANIMALS OF SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,
Vol. lf No. 1*, April 1972, pp 223-220.  AMIC-3096.

Murphy, P. G.
"THE EFFECT OF SIZE ON THE UPTAKE OF DDT FROM WATER BY FISH", Bulletin of
Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 1, January/
February 1971, PP 20-23.AMIC-1005.

Murphy, P. G., Murphy, J. V.
"CORRELATIONS BETWEEN RESPIRATION AND DIRECT UPTAKE OF DDT IN THE MOSQUITO
FISH GAMBUSIA AFFINIS", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and
Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 6, November/December 1971, PP 501-500.  AMIC-1U70.

Naqyi, S. M., Ferguson, D. E.
"LEVELS OF INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE IN FRESHWATER SHRIMP,  PALAEMONETES
KADIAKENSIS", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, No. U,
1970, pp 696-699.  AMIC-5519.
                                   21

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 Naqvi, S. M., Ferguson, D. E.
 "PESTICIDE TOLERANCES OF SELECTED FRESHWATER INVERTEBRATES",  Journal of
 the Mississippi Academy of Science,  Vol. lU, 1969,  pp 121-1271   AMIC-5979.

 Nimmo, D. R., Blackman, R. R.,  Wilson, A.  J.,  Forester,  J.
 "TOXICITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF AROCLOR 125U IN THE PINK SHRIMP PENAEUS
 DUORARUM", Marine Biology, Vol. 11,  No. 3, November 1971, pp  191-197.
 AMIC-26U5.

 Nunogawa, J. H., Burbank,  N.  C.,  Jr.,  Young, R.  H.  F., Lau, L. S.
 "RELATIVE TOXIC HIES OF SELECTED CHEMICALS TO SEVERAL SPECIES OF
 TROPICAL FISH", University of Hawaii,  Water Resources Research Center,
 Honolulu, Hawaii, Technical Report No. Uo, August 1970,  38 pp,
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 Otto, N. E.
 "ALGAECIDAL EVALUATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY OF MAT PRODUCTING BLUE.
 GREEN ALGAE", Bureau of Reclamation, Office of Chief Engineer, Denver,
 Colorado, Report No. REC-OCE-70-25,  July 1970, 31 pp, PB-19^  808.
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 O'Hara, J.
 "ALTERATIONS IN OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY  BLUEGILLS  EXPOSED  TO SUBLETHAL
 TREATMENT WITH COPPER", Water Research, Vol. 5,  1971, pp 321-327.
 AMIC-3793.

 Pal,  R. N., Gopalakrishnan, V.
 "PRELIMINARY TRIALS  ON THE TOXICITY OF 'ALGISTAT' TO FISH AND ALGAE",
 Fishery Technology,  Vol. 5, No. 2, July 1968, pp 101-103.  AMIC-575U.

 Patrick, R., Cairns, J., Jr., Scheier,  A.
 "THE  RELATIVE SENSITIVITY  OF  DIATOMS,  SNAILS, AND FISH TO TWENTY COMMON
 CONSTITUENTS OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES", The Progressive  Flsh-Culturist.  Vol.
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 Pickering, Q. H., Thatcher, T.  0.
 "THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF LINEAR ALKYLATE SULFONATE ( LAS) TO PIMEPHAIES
 PROMELAS, RAFINESQUE ", Journal  Water Pollution Control Federation. Vol.
 1*2, No. 2, Part 1, February 1970, pp 2^3-254-.  AMIC-65.

 Portmann, J. E., Wilson, K. W.
 "THE TOXICITY OF lUo SUBSTANCES TO THE BROWN SHRIMP AND OTHER MARINE
ANIMALS", Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fisheries Laboratory,
Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex, England, Shellfish Information Leaflet No. 22,
December 1971, 12 pp.  AMIC-7701.

Post, G., Schroeder, T. R.
 "THE TOXICITY OF FOUR INSECTICIDES TO FOUR SALMONID SPECIES", Bulletin
of Environmental Contamination  and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 2, March/
April 1971, PP 1^-155.  AMIC-1812.
                                  22

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Rabe, F. W., Wissmar, R. C.
"SOME EFFECTS OF ANTIMJfCIN IN AN OLIGOTROFHIC LAKE", The Progressive Fish.
Culturist, Vol. 31, July 1969, P 163.  AMIC-5732.

Rachlin, J. W., Perlmutter, A.
"RESPONSE OF AN INBRED STRAIN OF FIATYFISH AND THE FATHEAD MINNOW TO ZINC",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 30, October 1968, pp 103-207.
AMIC-5722.

Rachlin, J. W., Perlrautter, A.
"RESPONSE OF RAINBOW TROUT CELLS IN CULTURE TO SELECTED CONCENTRATIONS OF
ZINC SULFATE", The Progressive Flsh-CulturistJ Vol. 31, April 1969,
pp 9^-98.  AMIC-5728.

Ragab, M. T. H.
'ttAS CHOMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF MALATHION IN WATER AND IN FlSH",
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 3* No. 3,
1968, pp 155-163.  AMIC-3728.

Raynes, A. E., Ryback, R. S.
"EFFECT OF ALCOHOL AND CONGENERS ON AGGRESSIVE RESPONSE IN BETTA
SPLENDENS", Boston City Hospital, Alcohol Study Unit, Boston,
Massachusetts.  AMIC-5712.

Ray, J., Stevens, V.
"USING BAYTEX TO CONTROL CRAYFISH IN PONDS", The Progressive Fish-
Culturist, Vol. 32, January 1970, pp 58-60.  AMIC-54§3.

Reinert, R. E.
"PESTICIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN GREAT LAKES", Pesticides Monitoring Journal,
Vol. 3, No. U, March 1970, pp 233-2^0.
Risebrough, R. W., Rieche, P., Peakall, D. B., Herman, S. G., Kirven, M. N.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS IN THE GLOBAL ECOSYSTEM", Nature, Vol. 220,
December 1^, 1968, pp 1098-1102.  AMIC-38UU.

Rucker, R. R., Amend, D. F.
"ABSORPTION AND RETENTION OF ORGANIC MERCURIALS BY RAINBOW TROUT AND
CHINOOK AND SOCKEYE SALMON", The Progressive Fish-Culturist, Vol. 31,
October 1969, PP 197-201.  AMIC -57337

Sanders, H. 0.
"TOXICITIES OF SOME HERBICIDES TO SIX SPECIES OF FRESHWATER CRUSTACEANS",
Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. U2, No. 8, Part 1, August
1970, pp 15^-1550,  AMIC-453.

Savitz, J.
"EFFECT OF M.S. 222 ON NITROGEN EXCRETION OF THE BLUEGILL (LEPOMIS
mCROCHIRUS)". Journal of the Eli sha Mitchell Scientific Society.
Vol. 85, No. 4, 1909, pp 150-151.  AMIC -583».
                                23

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 Shaw,  T.  L.,  Brown, V. M.
 "HEAVY METALS AMD  THE FERTILIZATION OF RAINBOW TROUT EGGS", Nature, Vol.
 230, No.  5291, torch 26, 1971, P 251.  AMIC-1444.

 Smith,  J. W., Grigoropoulos, S. G.
 "TOXIC EFFECTS OF  TRACE ORGANICS ON FISH", Journal American Water Works
 Association,  Vol.  62, No. 8, August 1970, pp 499-506.AMIC-993.

 Solon,  J. M., Lincer, J. L., Nair, J. H., Ill
 "THE EFFECT OF SUBLETHAL CONCENTRATION OF LAS ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF
 VARIOUS INSECTICIDES TO THE FATHEAD MINNOW (PIMEPHALES PROMEIAS
 RAFINESQUE)", Water Research, Vol. 3, 1969, PP 767-775.  AMIC-3785.

 Sonstelie,  L. C.
 "THE EFFECTS  OF DDT ON THE INSECT POPULATION OF TROUT CREEK", University
 of Utah,  Salt Lake City, Utah, Dissertation Abstracts No. 70-3796, 1969,
 136 pp.   AMIC-964.

 Sparks, R.  E., Cairns, J., Jr., Cross, F. B.
 "SOME  EFFECTS OF A NEUTRAL MIXTURE OF CALCIUM OXIDE AND SULFURIC ACID ON
 CHANNEL CATFISH ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS (RAFINESQUE)", Transactions of the
 Kansas Academy of  Science, Vol. 72, No. 1, Spring 1969, pp 1-15.
 AMIC-5902.

 Sprague,  J. B.
 "AVOIDANCE  REACTIONS OF RAINBOW TROUT TO ZINC SULPHATE SOLUTIONS", Water
 Research, Vol. 2,  1968, pp 367-372.  AMIC-3760.

 Stapleton,  R. P.
 "TRACE ELEMENTS IN TISSUES OF THE CALICO BASS PARALABRAX CLATHRATUS
 (GIRARD)",  Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, Vol.
 67, No. 1,  1968, pp 49-58.AMIC-59BO.

 Stock,  J. N., Cope, 0. B.
 "SOME EFFECTS OF TEPA, AN INSECT CHEMOSTERILANT, ON THE GUPPY, POECILIA
 RETICULATA", Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Vol. 98,
 1969, PP 280-28TAMIC-5457.
Stout, V. F.
"PESTICIDE LEVELS IN FISH OF THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC", Bulletin of Environ-
mental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1968, pp 240-245.
AMIC-3784.

Tracy, H. B., Lee, R. A., Woelke, C. E., Sariborn, G.
"RELATIVE TOXICITIES AND DISPERSING^EVALUATIONS OF ELEVEN OIL-DISPERSING
PRODUCTS", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. 41, No. 12,
December 1959, PP 2062-2069.  AMIC-3B34.

Uthe, J. F., Bligh, E. G.
"PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION OF CANADIAN FRESHWATER
FISH", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 5,
1971, pp 786-780-.  AMIC-3819.
                                   24

-------
Vaala, S. S., Mitchell, R. B., Anthony, A.
"CYTOPHOTOMETRIC STUDIES OF DNA IN CIRCULATING ERYTHROCYTES OF BROOK TROUT
EXPOSED TO ACID pH", Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science.
Vol. 1*3, 1969, PP 191-19^.  AKTC-5709.

Wamlck, S. L., Bell, H. L.
"THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF SOME HEAVY METALS TO DIFFERENT SPECIES OF
AQUATIC INSECTS", Journal Water Pollution Control Federation! Vol. Ul,  No.
2, Part 1, February 1959, PP 200-204.  AMIC-37&7.

Wedemeyer, G.
"THE STRESS OF FORMALIN TREATMENTS IN RAINBOW TROUT (SALMO GAIRDNERI) AND
COHO SALMON (ONCORHYNCHUS KISUTCH)", Journal of the Fisheries Research
Board of Canada, Vol. 28, No. 12, December 1971, PP 1899-1904.AMIC-328?.

Wedemeyer, G., Ross, A. J., Smith, L.
"SOME METABOLIC EFFECTS OF BACTERIAL ENDOTOXINS IN SALMONID FISHES",
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 26, No. 1, 1969,
pp 115-122.AMIC-377^.

Weir, P. A., Hine, C. H.
"EFFECTS OF VARIOUS METALS ON BEHAVIOR OF CONDITIONED GOLDFISH", Archives
of Environmental Health, Vol. 20, January 1970, pp U5-51.  AMIC-739.

Wellborn, T. L., Jr.
"TOXICITY OF SOME COMPOUNDS TO STRIPED BASS FINGERLINGS", The Progressive
Fish-Culturist, Vol. 33, No. 1, January 1971, pp 32-36.  AMIC-5571.

Wellborn, T. L., Jr.
"THE TOXICITY OF NINE THERAPEUTIC AND HERBICIDAL COMPOUNDS TO STRIPED BASS",
The Progressive Fish-Culturist. Vol. 31, January 1969, PP 27-32.  AMIC-5723.

Wildish, D. J.
"THE TOXITY OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCB) IN SEA WATER TO GAMMARUS
OCEANICUS", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.
Vol. 5, No. 3, 1970, pp 202-204.  AMIC-69.

Wilson, D. C., Bond, C. E.
"THE EFFECTS OF THE HERBICIDES DIQUAT AND DICHLOBENIL (CASORON) ON POND
INVERTEBRATES.  PART I.  ACUTE TOXICITY", Transactions of the American
Fisheries Society, Vol. 98, 1969, PP ^38-^3-  AMIC-5^52.

Wisely, B., Blick, R. A. P.
"MORTALITY OF MARINE INVERTEBRATE LARVAE IN MERCURY, COPPER, AND ZINC
SOLUTIONS", Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol.  18,
1967, pp 63-72.  AMIC-570B.

Woodhead, P. M. J.
"AN EFFECT OF THYROXDJE UPON THE SWIMMING OF COD", Journal of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 27, No. 12, 1970, pp 2337-2338.
AMIC-3825.
                                 25

-------
Worthley, E. 0., Schott, C. D.
 "THE COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF CS AND VARIOUS POLLUTANTS ON FRESH WATER
PHYTOPLANKTON COLONIES OF WOLFFIA PAPULIFERA THOMPSON", U.S. Department
of  the Army, Biomedical Laboratory, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland,
Technical Report EATR 1*595, December 1971, P 12.  AMIC-3233.

Young, R. G., St. John, L., Lisk, D. J.
 "DEGRADATION OF DDT BY GOLDFISH", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. U, 1971, PP 351-35^.  AMIC-3796.

Zillich, J., Wuerthele, M.
 "THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF THE LANSING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT
TO  THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS", Michigan Department of
Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing, Michigan, paper,
January 19-20, 1970, k pp.  AMIC-2899.

Zillich, J., Wuerthele, M.
 "THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF THE GRANDVILLE WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT
TO  THE FATHEAD MINNOW, PIMEPHALES PROMELAS", Michigan Department of
Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing, Michigan,
Report, November 17-21, 1969, 10 pp.  AMIC-2898.

Zillich, J.
 "THE TOXICITY OF THE WYOMING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENT TO THE
FATHEAD MINNOW AND THE WHITE SUCKER - JULY 28 - AUGUST 1, 1969", Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission, Lansing,
Michigan, Paper, 1969, 7 pp.  AMIC-2906.

Zillich, J.
"A  BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SIX CHEMICALS USED TO DISPERSE OIL SPILLS",
Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources Commission,
Lansing, Michigan, Paper, April 1969, 12 pp.  AMIC-2909.

Zitko, V., Aiken, D. E., Tibbo, S. N., Besch, K. W. T., Anderson, J. M.
"TOXICITY OF YELLOW PHOSPHORUS TO HERRING (CLUPEA HARENGUS), ATLANTIC
SALMON (SALMO SALAR), LOBSTER (HOMARUS AMERICANUS), AND BEACH FLEA
(GAMMARUS OCEANICUS)", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1970, pp 21-29.AMIC-3817.

Zitko, V.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCB) SOLUBILIZED IN WATER BY NONIONIC
SURFACTANTS FOR STUDIES OF TOXICITY TO AQUATIC ANIMALS", Bulletin of
Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,  Vol. 5, No. 3, 1970,
pp 279-205.  AMIC-23.

Zitko, V.
"POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS AND ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES IN SOME
FRESHWATER AND MARINE FISHES", Bulletin of Environmental Contamination
and Toxicology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 1971, PP 464-470.  AMIC-3715.
                                  26

-------
SECTION VI






APPENDICES

-------
                     Abbreviations for  Appendix A
 Note;  Names of chemicals and organisms are as given by the various
        authors.  Readers should search for alternate, common,  and/or
        scientific names of both chemical and aquatic species.

 (1)  Letters represent:
          B • bioassay, used in combination with S = static,
              CF m continuous flow, A = acute, and CH = chronic.
          L " laboratory bioassay.
        BOD « biochemical oxygen demand.
          F • field study, used in combination with R - river,  stream,
              creek, etc., L = pond,  M - marine, E = estuarine, and
              0 • other (port facility, flooded area, etc.).
 (2)  Field location is indicated by abbreviation of the state  or  county.
 (3)  The number indicates ppm (mg/1),  unless otherwise indicated  by
      appropriate designations.  The  letters within parentheses following
      indicate T - TI^, K = kill, SB  » sublethal effects, NTE - no toxic
      effect.   The number following these indicates the time in days
      (unless  otherwise noted) at which observations were made.  ECjg,
      LCjQ, and similar designations  for 50 percent lethality were all
      considered as TLn and designated  as such.   The numbers within
      parentheses following these designations indicate the  time in  days
      when the effect was observed.
 (4)  The following indicate (when  followed by an asterisk the variable
      was controlled):
          a •  water temperature
          b -  ambient air temperature
          c -  pH
          d -  alkalinity (total,  phenolphthalein or caustic)
          e •  dissolved oxygen
          f -  hardness  (total,  carbonate, Mg,  or CaO)
          g -  turbidity
          h m  oxidation-reduction potential
          i «  chloride  as  Cl
          j -  BOD,  5  day;  (J)  - BOD, short-term
          k -  COD
          1 -  nitrogen  (as  N02  or N03)
          m -  ammonia nitrogen  as NH3
          n •  phosphate (total, ortho-,  or poly)
          o -  solids  (total,  fixed, volatile,  or suspended)
          p •  C02
          q -  light
          r -  flow rate
          s «  sound
 (5)   Other miscellaneous  abbreviations  are:
         SM -  sterilized media
       SSM -  synthetic  seawater medium
       NSW •  natural seawater
       MSC • maximum safe  concentration

The AMlC-xxxx number following each reference is the accession number
which was  assigned by  the Analytical Methodology Information Center  to
facilitate  location of original documents.
                                A-l

-------
  Cowound
•BS
»BS
*BS
•as
•cataldehyde
*cet aldehyde
•cataldehyde
Toxicltyt Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Or9anls» Study Location Pp» or Noted Comments
Br achy dan lo BSt —
rerlo






Lepoals BSt. ~
•acrochlrus L






Nltzsehlaj as*. —
linear!* L


Phvsa BS*, —
heferostrooha L


Leoomls BSA, —
•eerochlrus L






Nltzsehla BSk. ~
II near is L


Crangon BS* —
crangon
32 (SB*) a,e, and
synthetic
tt 1 1 ii # 1 nn
o 1 1 u • i on
Hater





17.* (Tfc) a»,e, and
synthetic
dilution
•ater




10 (T5I a«,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water
31.. 2 IT*) a*,e, and
synthetic
dilution
Mater
53 IT*) a»,e, and
synthetic
d 1 1 ut 1 on
Mater




236.6 ITS) ,..., ,„„
synthetic
dilution
Mater
greater than A«(contin-
100 IT2) uoua, aor-
Feedlnq behavior «as affected by
zinc, chromluir, and Aq<; in that more tl«e
amounts of food. Feeding resoonse Mas
alto affrctft'l by aeration, feeding
schedule, light Intensity, and outside
disturbances. The authors note that «uch
•ore MorK is needed to establish the
reliability of this procedure.
This study Mas conducted to
determine the relative toxieities of ?0
common constituents of Industrial wastes
to a fish, an atqi, and *n invertebrate.
The experiments Mere conducted over a
ID-year period for varied purposes. The
authors recoaoend hloassays Mith at least
three conoonents of the food Neb.
same as above



sa*e as above



This study Mas conducted to
determine the relative toxlcltles of 20
coiinon constituents of industrial Hastes
to a fish, an alga, an-) an invertebrate.
The experiments Mere conducted over a
10-year period for varied purposes. The
authors recommend bloassays Mith at least
three components of the food web.
same as above



same as above

ation, soa-
Reference
Cairns, et
al (19.67> ,
*MIC— 5707






Patrick, et
al (I960).
*NIC-«7?0





Patrick, et
al M,
»MIC-57?8

Patrick, et
al 111691.
»*IIC-5720

Patrick, et
al (196M.
«NIC-5720





Patrick, «t
at (196S).
• MIC-57Z!)

Porteann, at
81(1971),
4MIC-7701

-------
                                                                               water, and
                                                                               daily
                                                                               solution
                                                                               renewal)
         Acetic acid
                              Leooals
                              aaerechlrus
                                   BSA,
                                   I
                                                               75  (T*>
>

U>
         Acetic ecld
Acetic acid
                              Nltrschla
                              Uncarts
                     Carclnus
                     eaenas
                                   BSA,
                                   L
                                   BSA
                                                               7* (T5»
                                                      180 (TZl
         Aeatle acid
                              Crangon
                              cranqon
                                            BS*   —
                                                      greater  than
                                                      100 (TZl
 a»,e,  and
 synthetic
 dilution
 water
a*, a, and
synthetic
dilution
water
«»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea.
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
         This  study  was conducted  to
 determine the relatlve' toxlclties of  ?fl
 contort constituents of Industrial  wastes
 to a fish,  an alqa, and an Invertebrate.
 The experiments  Here conducted  over a
 10-year  period for  varied  purposes.   The
 authors  reconnend bloftssays  with  at least
 three  components of the food xeb.

       sane as above
Patrick, at
at  (1968),
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
         One  hundred-forty  surface active
 aq»nts,  solvent  enulslflers,  pesticides,
,polychlorlnate
-------
           Compound
         Ice tone
>
I
         •cetene
         acetone
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organise Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments

Lepomls BSA, —
macrochlrus L






Nltzschla BSA, —
linear Is L


Hercenarla L
•ercenarla
(eggs)

8,3011 

found to be essential.
This study was conducted to
determine the relative toxlcltles of ?0
common constituents of industrial wastes
to a fish, an alga, and an invertebrate.
The experiments were conducted over a
10-vear period for varied purposes. The
authors recommend bioassays with at least
three components of the food web.
same as above


The effect of 5? pesticides on
embryonic development of clais and
oysters was reported. Synerqlstlc
Reference

Patrick,
al (1968)
AMIC-5770





Patrick,
al (196$)
ANIC-S7?0



et
*






et
•


Davis, et
al (19691.
AHIC-^990

I
          •eaten*
         •cetene
         Acetone
Hercenarl a
•ercenarla
(larvae!

Crassostrea
virqlnlca
                              Phormidium
                              ••blauuB
                                            L     —
                                            L

                                                                qreater  than
                                                                100.0  (T13)
                                                                qreater  than
                                                                100.0  (TZ)
                                                                0.5-10.0  (NTE)   —
                                                                                           effects  with  solvents  Here  also  reported.
                                                                                            Host  of  the  compounds affected
                                                                                           develoc«ent more  than  survival.  Some.
                                                                                           however,  drastically reduced  larval
                                                                                           growth.   The  authors point  out the
                                                                                           necessity of  evaluating the effects  of
                                                                                           pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                                                                           organism and  note  the  possibility of
                                                                                           selecting chemicals  for pest control  that
                                                                                           Mould  not have serious effect on
                                                                                           shellfish.

                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                    Of 7i> chemicals evaluated as
                                                            algieides. only 9 were more toxic than
                                                            CuSOnts Has more toxic tnan CuS04 alone.
Davis, eta!
(19591 ,
»MIC-5990

Oavls, et
at (19691,
AMIC-S990
otto
  AHIC-892

-------
          »erlflavin*
          (neutral)
Moron*
saxatllis
(finger!ings)
                                             BS»
                                                                16.*
>
vn
          tcrlftavine
TraeMnotus
carollnu»
(Juvenile)
                                             BSk
                                                                llV-llt  (Ti>)
          AeroI•In
Rasbora       8CFA
heteromorphe  and
              BSA
          Acrrlonltril*
Crangon
crangon
                                             BS*   ~
                           Coooer ehiorairlne Mas also found to be
                           more toxic thar CuSO2$
                           wHe range of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
                           of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                           percentage of all co«oonents of a
                           formulation did not result In easy
                           predictability of the toxlclty of a
                           mixture oT materials.  Somot lines
                           pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                           and sometimes the opposite was true.
                           Testing the actual material as soM was
                           found to be essential.

10-3J (Til       a«(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active  Portmann, et
                uoua aer-  agents, solvent emulslfiers, pesticides,  al (1971),
                aticn,  sea- potychlorlnated blohenyls, pure           AHIC-7701
                water,  and Inorganic, and organic chemicals Hera
                dally      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                                                                0.06  IT2)
 a,c,e,f,1,
 and
 sulfate,
 sodium,
 calcium,
 potassium,
 magnesium,
 carbonate,
 bicarbon-
 ate,
 ••Unity

a»,c,o,f,
hard IBWJ
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species

-------
  Compound
                       Orqanlsn
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
                                 Toxic! ty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient,
                                   Ppm
                                   Experimental
                                   Variables,
                                   Control led
                                   or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                     Reference
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
Ac tu*o I
                     Steelh»ad
                     trout
                     (IIngerlIngs)
                                   BSA
Actusol
Actusal
• Matoxln ai
•gridID
                     Coho salmon   BSA
                     (fInqerllnqs) In
                                   lltu
                    Hood Canal,
                    Hoodsportt
                    Nash.
Pacific
oyster
(larvae)

Br achydanto
rerlo (eggs)
Rasbora
heteromorpha
                                   BS»   —
BCF*  ~
and
BSA
                                                      ".0.0 IK)
                                                      ?«. 0-1.0.0 CS)
                                                      1.0 (X)
                                                      1.9 
synthetic
dilution
Mater, or
seawatfir
for some
species
Aldrln IC-1«
labelled)
Oaphnia aaqna BCF
(adult)
                                                          (residue)
                                                            orqanlsms.  The authors noted that most
                                                            published data of this type deal with
                                                            toxlclty of ehenlcals to freshwater
                                                            organisms.

                                                                    Evaluation of 11 oil dlspersants
                                                            resulted In a ranklnq for each and a
                                                            recommendation for use according to the
                                                            ranking.  Ranking was based on toxlclty
                                                            and oil dispersal effectiveness.  Corexlt
                                                            TT&H acoeared to have the least toxlclty
                                                            with fair to good oil dispersion
                                                            caoablllty.

                                                                   same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                      This fungal toxin was acutely
                                              toxic to Rrachydanlo rerlo embryos and
                                              larvae, especially the latter.  The
                                              authors suggest this response as an
                                              easily performed assay for aflatoxln.

                                                     same as above
                                                                                        Tracy, «*
                                                                                        al I
                                                      Magnification of DOT and Aldrln
                                              taqo«rt with R-tu occurred rapidly.
                                              Bloloqlcal magnification factors of 2900
                                              to llfc.100 denendlnq on the species were
                                              found for DDT, and Z?,AOQ to Ul.OOO for
                                              Aldrln.  Harked deqradatlon of DOT as
                                              determined by analysis for DOT
                                              metabolites occurred.  The authors
                                              conclude that aquatic Invertebrates
                                              Influence Duality and quantity of
                                              Insecticide residue passed via the fish
                                                                                        Tracev* *'
                                                                                        al (1969>«
                                                                                        Tracy, *r
                                                                                        a I (19691*
                                                     Abedl,«t
                                                     (1968),
Alabaster
(1969)
5«5
                                                     Johnson,et
                                                     at  11971' •
                                                     AMlC-38?»

-------
Aldrln IC-1*
I•belled)
Aldrln (C-l*
labelled)
Hexaqctnla
blllneata
(nyaoh)

Chi ranonus
so. (larval
                                   BCF   —
                                   BCF
                                                      0.7 (residue)   a*
                                                       0.5  (residue)   a*
                                                                                 food chain.

                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     Johnsoni et
                                                     al (l"»7il,
                                                     AHIC-38ZO

                                                     Johnson,et
                                                     al (197D,
                                                     AHIC-3878
Aldrln (C-l*
labelled!
Oaohnla naqna BCF
(adult)
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)    a*
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Johnson,et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     A1IC-3S79
• Idrln  (C-l*
labelled)
Aldrln  CC-1*
labelled)
Hexagenla
blllneata
(nyoph)

Ch Iron-onus
so. (larva)
                                   BCF
                                   8CF    —
                                                       0.0001  (SB3)    a*
                                                       0.0001(383)      a*
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Johnson., et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     Johnson, et
                                                     al (19711,
                                                     AMIC-3«?0
• Idrln
• Idrln
Aldrln
                     Fish  (not
                     specifled)
                     Tctalurus
                     punetatus
Woima
papullfera
                                    FRLO   Tana
                                 greater  Than
                                 0.001-0.91  
                                  0.91
                                  (accumulation,
                                  SB)
                                          Ha«deslev-
                                          Thomas
                                          H<*71) , AMIC-
                                                      1000 (X)
~                 Approximate toxlcltles of
           nuovrous ce«tlcin>s commonly us»d In
           nrltaln *rre summarized. An excellent
           brief, grnvral discussion of toxlcity
           testinq is also present.

—                 Edible flesh of fish collected    Horrls, et
           fro* rivers, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs al(1971),
           was analyzed.  Fish taKen In areas        AMIC-H5?
           receiving agricultural runoff shOHed
           highest accumulation,  especial Iv In
           bottoa feeding fish.
Hunter1*            All compounds wore harmful to    Worthier, at
medium     duckweed to  some degree.  Decreased       al (1971),
diluted    populations wore noted at non-1 a thai      AMIC-3233
1:5        concentrations and  sone comrounO.3
           (Hnlathlan and 2,!|-D) caused teratocenlc
           effects at concentrations as low as 1 ?p».
• Idrln
•Idrln
Aldrln
•Idrln
Anacvstls
nldulans
Aqaenellua
quadrup-
lloatun
                     Channa
                     punctata
                     Channa
                     punctata

                                    BSA
                                    BSA
                                                       NTE
                                                       NTE
a»,c*,r
SM
a»»e»,r
SH
                                  0.000166  (K Z   a*,C
                                  hr)
                                  0.000333  (K 30  a*,c
                                  • in)
        Hetabollc products of Aldrln,     Batterton,
Oleldrln, and Endrin can be as toxic as   et al (1971),
the parent compounds, as sho»n by  00     AMZC-1471
measurement.

       s»«e as above                      Ratterton,
                                          et al
                                          (197l),AHIC-
                                          1*71

        Aldrin Has shown to be more toxic Katbur (1969),
than DOT, BHC, dieIdrln, and llndane.     AM1C-5U22
Behavioral responses prior'to death Her*?
recorded In some detail.
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Hathur
                                                     (19691.»MIC-

-------
Compound

Ifdrln
Afdrln

Organism

Puntlus
sophore
Puntlus
soohore
arcuate
Field Field
Study Location

BSA
BSA
BSCH -•
and
A
Toxiclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppn

O.OOD166 (K 1.5
hr)
0.000133 (K 30
•tin)
1130-1700
ppbresldue 6i»
HK)
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted

a»,c
a»,c
0.01
neeKs
each
Comments

same as above
same as above
and 0.1 cpb of the toxicants Tor ?5
after Hhich time the amounts added
Reference
51.3?
Hathur
(1969), AHIC-
51.22
Mathur
(1969>,AHIC-
51.22
al (1971),
AMIC-5506
                                                                                  the  Initial amounts.  Ulothrlx occurred
                                                                                  spontaneously In the  test  tanks.  The
                                                                                  results shoH  that chronic  accumulations
                                                                                  In Chlamydotheca exceeded  levels which
                                                                                  Here  toxic  In acute tests.  Residues  In
                                                                                  Chlaroydotheca ranqed  fro1"  12.000 to
                                                                                  260,300 times Greater than the
                                                                                  theoretical Concentrations In the water!
                                                                                  those  In Ulothrlx Here 235-3,000 tines
                                                                                  exposure levels.
Aldrln
Aldrin
                     Chlamydotheca BSCH
                     arcuata       and
                                   A
                     Ulothrlx SD.  BSCH  —
                                                      0.0015 (Tl)
                                                      0.00001-0.001
                                                      <120-1700 opb
                                                      residue 33-<>8
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        Kaxatskl, et
                                                                                        al
                                                                                        (197H ,A1IC-
                                                                                        5506

                                                                                                  et
                                                                                        al  (1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-5506
Aldrln
                     Tubltex
                     tub If ex
FL
and
BSA
Belzonli
Miss.
                                                      3.0 (NTE)
        The response of
pesticide-resistant aauatlc organisms to
various pesticides Has coloured to the
response of non-resistant species.
Pesticide-resistant soecles Here
collected at Belzonl and non-resistant
soeeles at State Colleqe.  Cooeoods.
clans, snails,, and sludqe norms from
Belzonl were considerably more tolerant
to pesticides than the non-resistant
organisms.  The authors note that the
effect of Increased tolerance In the
organisms is an Increase In the amount of
pesticide residues available to animals
of higher trophic levels.
Naqvi, et al

(1969),AHIC-
5979

-------
                     Hercan aria
                     awcenarla
                      (ego.0
                                          1ha*>
                                  11.0 (T2)
 • Idrln
 •lelstat
 •Iqlstat
 • lolstat
 Alglstat
Alglatat
Algletat
• Ikyl dlaethyl
benzy I aeaienl ua
chloride
                      Mercenarla
                      aercenarla
                      I larvae)
                      Cyprlnus
                      car pie
 Splroqyra
                                    L     —
                                    t     —

                      OscillatorI*  L     —
 Anabaena
Hierocratla
Buglena
Phoraldiua   L
•abiautn

 O.»l IT 1Z)      ~




 8.66 (Kl        —





 •.8 flO



 0.66 (Kl



 0.66 (K>



0.66 (K)



1.0 (1TB)
 0.5-10.0
 I33p«rc*nt
 qrewth
 inhibited Ul
                                    Tt>» atliiet ol  5? pesticides on    Davli. at al
                            ••bryonlc d«v*loo*«nt  of cfavs and        (19691 <
                            oysters was reported.   Synerqlstle        *HIC-5998
                            eftaets with solvents  were also reported.
                             Host of the compounds affected
                            dcveloraent a ore than  survival.  Soaat
                            however t drastically reduced larval
                            aronth.  The authors point out the
                            necessity of evaluating the effects of
                            pesticides on all  life stages of an
                            orqanisa and note the possibility of
                            selecting chealcals for pest control that
                            would not have serious effect on
                            shellfish.
                                                                    saae as above
        The results are described as
preliminary and  the authors state that
further testing  should be conducted
before Aigistat  Is used In hatcheries and
rearing ponds.

       saae as above
                                                                                                       Davis* at a I

                                                                                                       I 19691. *HIC-
                                                                                                       599«

                                                                                                       Pal, et al
                                                                                                       (1968)f
                                                                                                                            Pat,  et al
                                                                                                                            (196S).
                                                                                         saaa as above
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                   sama as
       aaM ai above
Pal, et al
(1968),»KIC-
575*

Pal, et al
(196«>,
*NIC-57S*

Pal. et al
(1963).
AMXC-57A

Pal, et al
U9&8).
        Of 7it chemicals evaluated as
alqlcldesi only 9 were more toxic than
CuSOd.  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming alqae for more than 2 weeks.
CuSOi> formulated with certain wetting
aqents was more toxic than CuSCH alone.
Cooper chlorarlne was also found to be
more toxic than CuSOU.  No Netting agents
were found to be Inhibitory at the
concentrations investigated (0.09 and
0.005 ppal.  Also reported are factors
affecting growth of algae In canals to
Otto (19701,
  AHIC-S9Z

-------
   Compound
                        Organism
                                    Field  Field
                                    Study Location
                                   Toxlclty,
                                   Active
                                   Ingredient,
                                    Ppa
                  Experimental
                  Variables i
                  Control led
                  or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
 Allldene dlacetate   Phormldlum
                      amblguum
 • Myl  alcohol
                      Hertenart a
                      •ercenarla
                                  0.5-10.0  (NTEJ  —
                                                       1.03 ITZ)
•llrl alcohol
Ally I alcohol
Mercenarla
•ercenarla
(larvaa)

Asterlas
rubens

                                   BSA
                                                      less than fl.?5  —
                                                      (T1Z)
                                                      10-33 CTZ)
Ally I  alcohol
                     Cardlua edule USA
                                 greater  than
                                 100 ITZ»
                                                                      a*(contin-
                                                                      uous aer-
                                                                      ation, aea.
                                                                      water, and
                                                                      daily
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                      a* (contin-
                                                                      uous aer-
                                                                      ation,  sea-
                                                                      water,  and
                                                                      duUy
                                                                      solution
                                                                      ranawel)
                                                              determine whether there were  leads to
                                                              controlling algae by environmental
                                                              •anaqevent.  No practical environmental
                                                              means Mere found.

                                                                    same as above
                                                                                                                            Ottoll970),
                                                                                                       Davis, «t al
                                                                     The effect of ?2 pesticides on
                                                             embryonic devetooment of clams and
                                                             oysters was reported.  Synerqlstlc        (1969),AMIC-
                                                             effects Nith solvents were also reoorted. 5990
                                                              Host of the eonoounds affected
                                                             development more than survival.  Some,
                                                             however, drastically reduced larval
                                                             qrpwth.  The authors colnt out the
                                                             necessity of evatuatinq the effects  of
                                                             Pesticides on all  life stages of  an
                                                             orqinlsm and note  the possibility of
                                                             selecting chemicals  for nest control  that
                                                             would not  have serious effect on
                                                             shell fish.
                                                                                        same as above
                                    One hundred-forty  surface  active
                            agents,  solvent  emulslfiers,  pesticides,
                            polychlorinated  blohenyls,  pure
                            Inorganic,  and organic chemicals were
                            evaluated against  as many as  ten marine
                            organisms*   The  authors noted that most
                            published data of  this type deal with
                            toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                            organisms.
                                  same as above
                                                     Davis,et al
                                                     ei96<>>,
                                                     AHIC-5990

                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (I97l>,
                                                                     Portmann, et
                                                                     al (19711.
                                                                     ANIC-7701
Ally! alcohol
Crangon
                                   BSA    —
qraater than
»»(contin-
                                                                                       sane as above
                                                                                                                          Portaann, et

-------
dlehlorobenzal-
doxine HOI
                     crangon
                     Rasbora
                     heteroBorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                      100  (T?)
                                                      190 (T2)
aloha-aBlno-2,6      Rasbora
dleniorobenzaldoxlne Ftttaroaoroha
BCF*  —
and
BSA
                                                          (T?)
Alualnua
                     Paratabrax
                     clathratus
                                   FN
      Scattergood  25  (dorsal
      Steaa Plantf nusclc
      Los          reaid.ua)
      Angeles,Cal.
 Aluainua
                      Paralabrax
                      clathratus
                                    FH
       Catallna     a  (dorsal
       Islandi Cat. muscle
                   residue)
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)

«o,c,e,r,
bard I Hit;
or soft
ISO syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for aor.e
species
        One hundred sixty-four
DestlcldeSt netting aqentSt and
miscellaneous Hater pollutants showed a
xlde rungr of toxlclty soainlnq 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of 81 I  components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of  the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the  oooosite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       sa*e as above
                                                                      hard (HHt
                                                                      or soft
                                                                      ISM)
                                                                      synthetic
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      Hater, or
                                                                      seaMater
                                                                      for son*
                                                                      species
                                                                                        al  (14711,
                                                                                        AHIC-7701
Alabaster
(19691,
ANIC-51.35
                                          Alabaster
                                          (19691.
                                          AHTC-S4.2S
        Fish collected  from an effluent
 ploe  of a  steam  olant and  from offshore
 waters of  Catalina  Island  were analyzed
 for trace  element content.  Trace element
 content of  the effluent  water was at
 least 5 times greater than that  of  normal
 se? water  for cadmium,  coooer, nickel,
 zinc, and  chromium.  Livers of fish from
 the effluent were nearly twice the  size
 of  those  from the ocean.  Greatest
 differences In concentration  occurred
 with  aluirinum, cadmium,  and nickel.
 Silver, barium,  lithium, and  lead showed
 the least  differences.   The author
 concluded  that trace element  analysis of
 tissues could be used to determine  the
 effect of  pollutants on marine organisms.

       sane as above
Staoleton
(19681.AHIC-
5980
                                          Staoleton
                                           (1968).

-------
Compound

Alualnua
*'-Im-
Alualnua
Alualnua
Alualnua
Alualnua
Alualnua
Alualnua
Alualnu*
Alualrtww
Organls*

Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paral »br ax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
clathretus
(gravid
leaales)
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
el athratus
Paral abrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Toxlclty, Experlaental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Study Location Poa or Noted Coeaents

FH Scatterqood 2? (ventral — saae as above
Steaa Plant, nuscle
Los raaidue)
Angeles, Cal.
FH Catallna 8 (ventral — saae as above
Island, Cal. auscl*
residue)
FH Scatterqood 28 (gonads — sane as above
Steaa Plant, residue)
Los
Angeles, Cal.
FH Catal Ina 38 — saae as above
Island, Cal. (gonads
residua)
FH Catallna 22 (gonads — saae as above
Island, Cal. residue)
FH Scattergood 28 (liver — saae as above
Steaa Plant, residue)
Los
Angeles, Cat .
FH Catal Ina ?« — saae as above
Island, Cal. (liver
raaidua)
FH Scattergood 69 (Intequaent — saae as above
Steaa Plant, residue)
Los
Angeles, Cal.
FH Catal Ina 23 — saae as above
Island, Cal. (Intequaent
residue)
FH Seattergood 1* (heart — saae as above
Steaa Plant, residua)
Los
Reference
AHIC-S980
Stapl eton
(I960),
4HIC-5980
Staoleton
(L1IC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
Staoleton
(1968).
AMIC-S980
Staol eton
(1968) .
AMIC-S980
Staol eton
AHIC-5980
Staol eton
(1968),
AHTC-S980
Staoleton
(1968),
Staoleton
(1968),
AHIC-5980
Staoleton
(19681,
AHIC-S988

-------
                                         Angeles,Cal.
Aluminum
Aluminum
Alualnum
Aalnotrlazole
••|trol-T
                     Parafabrax    FH
                     clathratus
                     Paralahrax    FH
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax    FN
                     clathratus
                     Fish (not
                     specif l««ll
                     Crassostrea   L
                     vlrglnlca
                     (eggs)
                    Cat* Una      k
                    Island. Cal.  (heart
                                 r*«idu«)

                    Scattergood   33  (eyeball
                    Steam Plant,  residua)
                    Los
                    Angeles,Cat.

                    CatalIna      3*
                    Island, cat.  (eyeball
                                 raaidue)

                    —            greater than
                                 1000  (Kl
                                greater than 10
                                IT2)
 •altrol-T
 Aaltrol-T
Crussostrea
vlrginlea
(larvae)

Catiaarus
fasciatus
                                   a     ^^
                                   as*   —
                                                      greater than
                                                      10IT1I.)
                                                      greater than
                                                      100.0 CT2)
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
        Aporoxlmate toxlcltles of
nuoerous o«stlcldes cownonly used In
Britain Here summarized. An excellent
brief, qen«ral discussion of toxlclty
testing is also present.

        The effect of ^2 oesflcldes on
enbryonlc d*veloc*ent of clans and
oysters was r»oorf*rt.  Syn»rql*tlc
effects nith solvents Here also reoorted.
 Host of the coioounds affecfed
develocnent more than survival.  Some,
however, drastically reduced larval
growth.  The authors oolnt out the
necessity of evaluating the effects of
pesticides on all life stages of an
organlsr and note the possibility of
selecting chemicals for pest control that
would not have serious effect on
shall fish.

       same as above
                                          Staoleton
                                          (19681,
                                          AMIC-^BO

                                          Staoleton
                                          (19681,
                                          ANIC-5980
Staoleton
(1943).
»MIC-?98D

Nandesley-
Iho'aas
(19/1),»NIC-
1056
Davis, et
• 1(1969),
»MIC-S990
 Aaltrol-T
                      Paleoaontes
                      kadiaKens Is
                                    BS»    ~
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 
-------
t
Compound
Amltrol-T

Amltrol-T


Amltrol-T


Amltrol-T


Amltrol-T

Amltrol












Amltrol



Field Field
Organism Study Location
Asell us BSA —
brevlcaudus
Orconectes BSA —
nals

Daphnla maqna BSA —


Cyprtdoosls BSA —
vldua

Leoouls BSA
macrochlrus
Crassostrea L --
vlrqlnlea
(eqqs)










Crassostrea L
vlrglnlca
(larvae)

Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlentt
Ppm
greater than
100.0 (T?)
greater than
100.0 (T2)

30.0 (TZ)


3Z.O (TZ)


qr eater than
100.0 (T2)
733.7 (T2>












255. fc (Til.)



Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Comments
a* sane as above

a* sane as above


a* sane as above


a* sane as above


a* sane as above

~ The effect of 5Z pesticides on
eobryonlc development of clans and
oysters was reoortel. Svnerglstle
effects with solvents were also reported.
Host of the compounds at fected
* *
growth. The authors oolnt out the
necessity of evnluatlnq the effects of
pesticides on all life stages of an
organism and note the possibility of
selecting chenlcals for pest control that
would not have serious effect on
shell fish.
— sane as above



Reference
Sanders
(1970I.AHIC-
Sanders

453
Sanders
(1970),
A1IC-W53
Sanders
(1970).
AMIC-1.53
Sanders
(1970). «MIC-
Oavls, et al

(1969) .*1IO-
5990









Oavls. et al

•1969), AMIC-
5990
        Aanonla (plus ohenol Sal no         BSA
        and zinc)            galrdnerl
                                                              0.5-2.5". «T?I
a.c*,d,e*.         Rainbow trout Mere exposed to     Brown, et al
f,n        concentrations of fluctuating levels of   (1969),
           aniionla, phenol, and zinc and to constant AHIC-5993
           •Ixtures of the three.  Tests with
           fluctuating levels of toxicants showed
           that LC50 values were slillar to those
           for constant concentrations as tonq as
           the periodicity of the fluctuation did
           not exceed the resistance tine for the
           poison.  Except when zinc predominated In
           the mixtures,  the fractional  toxlclties
           could be summed to qlve  the toxtclty of
           the mixture.

-------
Amaonla
•••enla
Salao
qalrdnerl
                     Salno
                     galrdnerl
                                   BSA
                                    BSA
Anoonlun carbonate   Phorraidium
plus Copper sulfato  arabiguum
 Aaaonlm chloride    Pbormldium
 plus Copper aulfate  ambiguum
 (1.-2J
22.5-67.5       a,c*,d,e*,
(fluctuating    f,m
Cone, T 370-
greaterthan 700
mln)

V5.0 IT greater a,c*,d,e*.
than 700 Bin)   f,m
                                 0.5-10.0  (100
                                 percent growth
                                 Inhibited Id)
                                  0.5-10.0 (100
                                  percent growth
                                  Inhibited ll|)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                                                           Bronn. et at
                                                                                                                            (1969)i
                                   Of 7i> chemicals evaluated as
                           alglcldes, only 9 were more toxic than
                           CuSO
-------
Field Field
Comoound Organism Study Location
heteronorpha and
USA







Ammonium sultanate Rasbora BCFA — •
heferomorpha and
BSA







Ammonium sulfamate Rasbora BCF* ~
heteromorpha and
BSA







Ammonium Irs NH3I leoomls BSA, —
macroettlrus L






Ammonium (as NM3) Nitzschla BSA, —
11 near Is L


Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppot or Noted Conaents
5.7) hard (HM)
or soft
(SM)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seaxater
lor sone
soecles
610 (Tl, DH a'.c.p.f.
7.1> hard (HM)
or soft
1SW)
synthetic
<11 1 u t i on
Mater, or
seaHater
•or some
soecies
55 (Tl.pH S.OI a*,c.e,f.
hard (HM)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
aeawater
for aorao
species
>.<> (T4I a«,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water




1.20 (SB5) a»,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water









saae as above









sane as above









This study Has conducted to
determine the relative toxlclties of 20
common constituents of Industrial Hastes
to a fish, an alga, and an Invertebrate.
The experiments Here conducted over a
10-year period for varied purposes. The
authors recoanend bloassays with at least
three components of the food web.
same as above



Reference
(1969),
ANIC-5ii25







Alabaster
(1969).
AhIC-5«S







Alabaster
(1969).
AMIC-S«?S







Patrick, et
al (1968),
AMIC-5720





Patrick, et
al (1968),
ANIC-5730


-------
                 la*
        Amphenon* B
        Antimony
>
        Antimony
        Antimony
        •ntlneny
        Antimony
        AntIaony
        Antimony
        Antlmyeln  A
                             Physm         BSA,
                             heterostroona L
                             Lymnaea
                             staqnalIs
                             (adults)
             90.0 mi
             10.0 ISB71
                «»,e,. and
                synthetic
                dilution
                water

                a»»o
                                               same as above
                                                                                  Patrick, et
                                                                                  at (196*1.
                                                                                  AMIC-5720
                             Coregonus     FL    Moose Lake,  0.002
                             cluoeaformis        Can.         (residue)
                             Coregonus     FL
                             clupeaformls
                             Esox luclus   FL
                             Esox tuclus   FL
                             Esox luclus   FL
                             Osier us
                             aordax
                             Peree
                             flavescens
                                           FL
                                           FL
Lake
Ontario.
Can.

Moose Luke.
Can.
                                                 Lake St.
                                                 Pierre* Can.
                                                 Lake Erie,
                                                 Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
                             Leplsosteus   BS»,
                             piatostoaus   FO
0.003
(residue)
                                                              0.003
                                                              (residue)
             0.001.
             (residue)
             O.OOd
             (residue)
0.00".
(residue)
0.003
(residue)
             0.000,
                                          AMIC-J819

                                          Uthe, et al
                                          (19711,AHIC-
                                          3B19

                                          Uthe, et al
                                          (1971),ANIC-
                                          3819

                                          Uthe, et
                                          ALU971).
                                          AMIC-3819

                                          B«rg«r, et
                                          al  (1969).
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                   Liquid and sand formulations of
                           antlmycin A Here tested as a  fish
                           toxicant In lab Maters of various
                           temperature, hardness, PH. and turbidity
                           aqalnst 31 species of freshMater fish of
                           various sizes and life stages.  Each
                           formulation of toxicant MBS lethal under
                           all Mater conditions to fish eggs, fry,
                           finger IInqs, and adult fish.  Trout Mere
                           the most sensitive and cat fishes the
                           least sensitive.  Of the 31 species. ?<•

-------
Coaoound

Antlaycln A
Antl.ycln A
Antlnyeln A
Antlaycln A
Antlaycin A
Antlaycln A
Antlaycln A
Organise

Aala ealva
Sal no
galrdnerl
Salao trutta
Sal vel Inus
fontlnal Is
Sal vel Inus
naaaycush
Esox luclus
Carasslus
auratus
Field Field
Study Location

BSA, --
FO
BSA, —
FO
BSA, —
FO
BSA, —
FO
BS», —
FO
BSA, —
FO
BSA, —
FO
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pp*

0.015 (60
percent K*>
0.00003-0. DODOS
0.009 (K3>
0.00003-0.00006
0.00007 (TU)
0.00011-0.00059
0.00070-0.001
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

deionized
water
a,c,e,f,e,
deionized
water
a.c.e.f »q,
deionized
Hater
a»c,e,f,s,
deionized
water
deionized
nater
deionized
Hater
a,c,e,f,g,
deionized
water
succunbed to 0.009 opm or less of the
toxicant! only certain catflshes survived
0.025 CPU.
saae as above
sane as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
Reference

Berger, et
al (1969),
AHIC-5I.9S
Berqer, et
al (1969).
ANIC-5U95
Berqer, et al
(1969).
Berqer, et
al (1969).
• MIC-51.95
Berq»r, et
al (1969),
Berqer, et
al (19691,
Berger, et
al (1969),
ANIC-9«»95
Antlaycln A
                     Cnrosoaus eos BSA,  —
                                                      0.00009-0.00052 a,C,e,f,q,
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                                                          Berger,  et

-------
                     LeDOBlS
                     glbbosus
              BS»,
              FO
O.OOOOS-O.OOOZ* a,c,e,f,E,
IT*)            deionized
                water
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     Berg*Pt *t
                                                     a I (1969),
                                                     4HIC-5I.9S
AntlBycln *
              BS*«
•acrochlrus   FO
0.00006-0.ODDS
mt
                                                                      deionlzed
                                                                      water
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     Berger, «t
                                                     a I  (19691 •
                                                     • WIC-Si.9*
••ttleycln
•ntlaycln »
Anttaycln
Lvoouls
••galotit
                                   BS«,
                                   FO
                     Lepouls       BS«,
                     •IcreloDhus   FO
                     Hlcrooterus   BS»,
                     deloaleul     FO
                                                      D.OOD08  (TV)
                                                      0.00009
                                                                      d«lonlz«d
                                                                      •at*r
                                                                      delonlzed
                                                                      Hat«r
                                 O.OOOOV-O.OOOOt a.e.e.f.g,
                                 IT*)            dilution
                                                 ua tor
                                                                                        save as above
                                                                                        *••• as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                     6erqerf »t
                                                                     al  (1969) i
                                                                     »MIC-5V95

                                                                     Berqer, et
                                                                     al  (1969).
                                                                     •HIC-5V9S

                                                                     B«ro»r, et
                                                                     al  (1969).
tnttvycln
                     ••(•oldes
                                   FO
                                 0.00009-O.OOflllf »,c,e,f,s,
                                                 deionlzed
                                                 water
                                                                                        cane as above
                                                                     B*rq«r, *t
                                                                     a I  (1969)t
                                                                     •HIC-SV9S
•ntlarcln «
         >     BS»,
nigro-        FO
•aoulatua
0.001  (V3
percent K)
a,c,e,f,s,
daionized
water
                                                                                        sane as above
Berqer, *t
al (1969).
tntlaycln A
Perce         BS»,
flavescens    FO
0.00003-0.00012 «,e,e,f,E,
IT*)            deionized
                water
                                                                                        s«*e as above
                                                                                                                           al (196<>»,
•ntl«rcln *
                     Stlzostedlon  BS»,
                     vltreu*       FO
                                 0.00002-0.OOOOd »,c,e,f,g,
                                                 dilution
                                                 water
                                                                                        sa«e as above
                                                                     fterqer, et
                                                                     al  (1969).
•ntlavcln *
•plodlnotus   BS».
orunnlens     FO
0.00002-0.0001* a,e,e,f,c.
IT*I            deionizad
                water
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     Rerger, et
                                                     al (1969).
                                                     *HIC-S*95
                     Cyorlnus
                     carolo
              BSA,
              FO
0.00012-0.000*3 a,c,e,f,g,
(T*)            deionlzed
                water
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                    Berqcr, et
                                                    al  (1969).

-------
Compound
Antlaycln A
Antlaycln A
Antlmycln A

Antlaycln A
Antlmycln A

Antlaycln A
Antlaycln A
Antlmycln A
Antlmycln A
Antlmycln A
Antlmycln A
Orqsnlsm
•iaephales
promelas
Car pio
0. 021-0. 08S
0.0052-0.0105
m>
0.2 CK*>
0.0000
-------
                                   FO
                                                      IT*)
                                                                      delonieed
                                                                      Ma tar
                                                                                                                          • I  (196911
AntUycIn A
•ntlaycln •
Antlaycln *
Saleo
galrdnerl

                     Leooals       L     —
                     aacrochlru*
                                 0.00003 m>
                                                      0.00016 ITU     a*
Salao elarkl  Ft    Copper Lake. 0.005 (K)
                    Idaho
                                                                      a.c.d.e
Antlaycin *
                     Sal BO         BS*
                     galrdnerl
                                                      0.00009  (TV)
Antlaycln A
AntlayeIn A
Aphltex
                     Ictalurus     8SA
                     punctatus
lepoels       BS*
eacrochlrus
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteroaorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                      0.01*7
                                                      o.oooi*  m>
                                 27  (TZ)
                                                bard (HW)
                                                or soft
                                                (3W) syn-
                                                thetic
                                                water, or
                                                •eavater
                                                tor aona
                                                •paelas
                                                                                         The  plsclcldes  Antlaycln  A  and     HoKland
                                                                                 Rotenone Here found  to  be  compatible nhen  (t969
                                                                                 •Ixed >nd furthereore appeared  to have  an  5725
                                                                                 additive effect  In cnbination.  That Is
                                                                                 both compounds Here  "ore toxic  In the
                                                                                 presence of  the  other than alone.
                                                                                        sane  as above
        Rapid fish kill occurred In a
otlQotrophic situation and toxlctty
persisted for at least 10 days following
application.  Plankton Has also reduced.
Later the lake Has successfully stocked
•Ith cutthroat trout.  The rapidity of
kill and persistence Indicated that the
Antlaycln concentration Has hlqher than
necessary.  The authors recoooendrd
further research.

        The dyes Rhodanlne B and
Fluoresceln sodlun Here found to be
relatively non-toxic In ppe
concentrations Hhlle antlnycln Has toxic
at oob levels.  The author states that
neither dye at field use concentrations
should significantly Influence the
activity of Antl*ycln A aqalnst fish.

       saae as above
                                                                                       sane as above
HOHI and
(1969).
ANIC-5T2S

Rabe, et al
(1969),
AMIC-573Z
                                                                                                       Harking
                                                                                                      (1969).
                                                                                                      AHIC-5720
                                          Harking
                                          (1969).
                                          ANIC-S7Z9

                                          Harking
                                          (1969).
                                          ANIC-57Z9
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, netting aaents. and           (1969).
alscellaneous Hater pollutants showed a   AHIC-542?
Hide range of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
of eagnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all coaponents of a
foraulatlon did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
alxture of Materials.  Soeetiees

-------
                                 Field   Field
Compound              Organlsa    Study  Location
                                                       Toxlclty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
                                                         POU
                Experimental
                Variables.
                Control led
                or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
Aauaclene lap
Aquaclene 100
•quaclene 100
Aauaclene
                     Plmephales    BSA
                     or owe I as
                     Pimephales    USA
                     prone I as
                     Biochemical   L
                     oxygen deaand
                     Cardlua edule BSA
                                                       35.0  (T%»
                                                       *.Z  (NSC)
                                                       8*0,00
                                                       33-100  «T2»
•quaclene
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA
                                                       100-330  (TZ>
                soeeles    pesticides Here most toxic In hard Mater
                           and sometimes the opposite Has true.
                           Testing the actual material as sold Mas
                           found to be essential.

                c,d,e,f            Toxlclty of six oil spill
                           dlspersants Has determined along Kith
                           800 values.  Pond Hater Mas used as
                           diluent and oil Has Included In the
                           experiment.  Oil markedly reduced
                           toxlcity of all disoersants.  Data are
                           given as "most probable** gft-hr TL sub m.

                dd,e, f           sane as above
                                                                       c,d,e,f            same as  above
                a>t(contin-         One hundred-forty surface active
                uoua aer-  aoents, solvent emulsifiers, Pesticides,
                atlon, sea-polychlorlnated blohenyls. Pure
                water, and Inorganic, and organic cheitlcals Here
                •Jaiiy      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)   published data of this type deal Kith
                           toxlcity of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.

                a«(contln-        same as above
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                                         71 Mich
                                                                                                                         <19*>9),AMIC-
                                                                                                                         7909
                                                                                                                         711 IIch
                                                                                                                         (19«i9),AHIC-
                                                                                                                         2909

                                                                                                                         ZlIllch
                                                                                                                         (1969I.AH.T.C-
                                                                                                                         2909

                                                                                                                         Portmann,  at
                                                                                                                         al  (1971),
                                                                                                                         •iic-7701
                                                                                                                          Portmann,et
                                                                                                                          at  1197II,
                                                                                                                          •MIC-7701
•quatheI
                     Horone
                     saxatllli
                     Cflngarllngsl
                                   BSA    —
710 (Tl>)        a,c,d,e,f.         All compounds Here Investigated   Wellborn
                p          becauso of their probable usage in        (1971),
                           hatchery production of Mhite bass.        AMIC-5571
                           Comoounds that can be used at recommended
                           concentrations Mere Aquathol, Casaron,
                           LIndane, and Terraaycln concentrate.
                           Those that should not be used Mere
                           Acrlflavlne, Baylusclde, Malachite green
                           oxalate, and Malathlon.

-------
                                Mere Is vlrens BSA
                                                                 0.00011-0.OOOVI, 8",c,e,
                                                                                 and
                                                                                 synthetic
                                                                                 seanater
           Ar he tine DOT
Fundulus      BSA
heteroclItus
Rasbora       BCFA
heteroaorpha  and
              BSA
                                                                 0.00032-0.00035 a*«c,e.and
                                                                                 synthetic
                                                                                 seanater
                                                                     A  laboratory  procedure  based  on
                                                             Standard Methods  lor  9«>-hr  loxlclty
                                                             determinations  of  cruel*  ell  and
                                                             oll-dlsper*«nt  Mixtures  was  described.
                                                             The dlsoersants varied considerably  In
                                                             toxlclty,  ranging  fro* 0.01  to  7.1 inl/l,
                                                             TLSfl for 9fi  hr.  These did not  differ
                                                             significantly  fro* ?
-------
  Compound
                       Organise)
              Field  Field
              Study Location
Toxlclty.
Active
Ingredient,
  Ppa
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
•rector
                     t9onus        BSA   —
                     cataphraetus
                                 greater than 10 a«(contln-
                                                      ITZI
                                                                      uoua aer-
                                                                      ation, sea-
                                                                      water, and
                                                                      dally
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Portmann. at
                                                                     at (1971),
                                                                     »HIC-7701
tree Ior 12*«
                     Cardlua edule BSA   —
                                                      greater than Itt ,a»(contln-
                                                      IT2)            uous aer-
                                                                      ation, sea-
                                                                      wetar, and
                                                                      dully
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                                et
                                                                                                      al C1971I.
                                                                                                      »HIC-770l
•roc Ior 1?*8
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA    —
                                                      O.OS-1.0  (T2)'
                                                 a«(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, aaa-
                                                 wator, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        sa*e as above
                                                                     Portmann, et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-7701
•rector 175* (plus
Gorexlt 766*1
Salno sal
IparrI
                              ar   t
                                                      *  (K 90 hr)
•rocIor 125* <»lth
eorexlt 76«*,
colloidal solution!
Caemarus
ocean Icus
                                   BSA   ~
0.001-0.01
(threshold
concentration)
                a*,e               Aroclors t?^<> and 1721 Mere
                (nixed tap evaluated lor toxic effect with Corexlt
                or         766*  (Height ratio 1:19) a« an
                seanater)  enulslfylnq aqent.  Since only tito fish
                           were used for each exposure,  me author
                           notes that the results are only
                           preliminary.  However, RGB's  appeared to
                           be less toxic to Atlantic salnon parr
                           than chlorinated hydrocarbon  pesticides.
                                                     Zltko
                                                     (1970>,AMIC-
                                                     ?3
 a«( weekly-
 solution
 chan^o,
 aeawater)
        Aroetor 1?;* solutions or
suspensions with Corexlt 766* at varied
concentrations In seaxater resulted in
varying toxlclty of the Aroclor.  Corexlt
•as not lethal at 1900 po« but caused
WHdlsh
(1970),AMIC-
69

-------
•roc I or 125*  (tilth   Gammarus
corexlt 766
-------
  Compound
                       Organism


                     (Juvenile)
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
             Toxlctty,
             Active
             Ingredient,
               Ppm
                Experimental
                Variables.
                Controlled
                or Noted
                                                        Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
Aroclor 1251.
                     Aqonus
                     eataphractus
                                        heoatopancreas Has narked  (up to 510       AHIC-261.5
                                        PPM).  The biological half-life for this
                                        chemical Has found to be 17 days with
                                        tissue distribution In the shrimp being
                                        similar to that of DOT.  Delayed
                                        mortality Kith no prior poisoning
                                        symptoms Has also observed.  Considerable
                                        additional data are oresented.

             greater than 10 a«(contin-         One hundred-forty  surface active  Portmann, et
             (T2I            UOU3 aer-  agents, solvent emulsl tiers. oestlcidesf  al  (1971),
                             at! on, sea-pol ychlorlnated blphenyls, pure           AHIC-7701
                             water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals Here
                                        evaluated against as many  as ten marine
                                        organisms.  The authors noted that most
                                        published data of this type deal with
                                        toxiclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                        organisms.
                                   BS»   —
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Aroclor 1251.
                     Card!urn edule BSA
                                                      qreater  than  10  »(contln_
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation, sea-
                                                                       water, and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                  Portmann, et
                                                                                  al  (1971),
                                                                                  »HIC-770t
Aroclor IZSt
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA   —
                                                       3-10  (T2)
                             a«( contin-
                             uous aer-
                             ation, sea-
                             water, and
                                                                       solution
                                                                       rene-..-al )
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                     Portmann, et
                                                                     al
                                                                     (1971),AMIC-
                                                                     7701
Aroclor 1251.
                     Parallchthys  FH
                     sp.
Cscambla
Bay, Fia.
t. 5-181,
Iros1 due)
        Residue analysis of dead and
dying animals  led to the source ol  the
PCS Mhich Has  an accidental leakage from
an Industrial  clant.  The concentrations
of the PCR in  Hater and sediment nere
less than 0.03-1.86 and less than 0.001
ppm, respectively.  Bioassavs shOH<*d
juvenile shrimp to be the most
suse*Dtlbl» species* but inhibition of
shell qroHth of oysters Mas the most
sensitive parameter studied.  Continued
surveillance and long-term testing at
sublettal concentrations Her* pointed out
as urgently needed.
Duke, et al
 (1970),
AMIC-720

-------
tractor 125*
•roclor 125*
•roc I or 125*
•roclor 125*
•roclor 125*
troclor 125*
•roctor 129%
•roc I or
•roclor 125*
•reel or 125*
•roclor 125*
•roclor 125*
Laqodon
rhonboides
()uvenll«)

Penaeus
duoraru*
(Juvenile)

Crassostrea
vlrglnica
P»naeus
duorarui*
(Juvenile)

Penaeus
duoraru*
(Juvenile)

CalIinectes
saoidus
(Juvenile)

CalIinectes
saoldus
(Juvenile)

Mlcroooqon
undulatus
                     Brewoortla
                     oatronus
                     Laqodon
                     rhomholdes
                     Cynosclon
                     nebulosus
                     Penaeus
                     setlferus
                                   BS«
                                   BS»   —
                                   8S«
                                   BCHCF —
                                   BCMCF —
                                   BCHCF
                                   BCHCF —
                                   FM
                                   FM
                                   FH
                                   FM
                                         Eseambla
                                         Bay, Fla.
                    Esc**bla
                    Bay, Fla.
                    F«canbla
                    Ray, Fla.
                    fscant la
                    Bay, Fla.
                    Fscaabla
                    Bay, Fla.
                                                      17 (residue)
                                                      3.9  (residue)
                                                      0.1  (SB*)
                                                      0.1105 172
                                                      oercent K?0)
                                                      0 (residue)
                                                      0.005 (Soercent
                                                      K20)
                                                      23 (residue)
                                                      1? (residue)
                                                      5.7-11(residue)  —
                                                      10 (residue)
                                 7.5-20(residue)  —
1.5-2.5
(residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sa»e as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                           et
                                                                          70),
                                                                     •NIC-730

                                                                     Duke, et
                                                                     •L(1970),
                                                                     AMIC-720

                                                                     DuKe, et al
                                                                     (1970),»MIC-
                                                                     720

                                                                     Duke, et al
                                                                     (1970) ,
Oukr, et
• LU970),
•MIC-7JO

Duke, et al
(1970),
AMIC-720

Duke, et
•1(19701.
AMIC-720


Duke, et al
(1970) ,
ANIC-720

Duke, et a I
(1970),
AHIC-720

Duk*, et al
(1970),
•MIC-72D

Ouke, et al
(1970),
AHIC-720

Duke, et al
(1970),

-------
>
I
Compound

•roc I or 135*


•rector 125*


•roc lor 125*


•roc lor 1260








•roc lor 1260






•rector 1260






Aroelor 1262



Field Field
Organise Study Location

Calllne-ctes FH Escaabla
sapldus Bay, Ft a.

Laqodon BSA —
rhomboldes
(Juvenile)
Penaeus BSA —
duorarua
(Juvenile)
Agonus BSA
cataphractu*







Card tun edule BSA —






Crangon BSA -—
erangon





Agonus BSA —
cataphractui


ToxlcJty,
Active
Ingredient,
Po«

1.0-7.0
(residue)

0.1 (NTE)


0.01 (KZ>


less than 10
«T2)







less than 10
(T2)





less than 10
(T2)





less than 10
(T2)


Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Coaeents

— sane as above


•— same as above


sex* as above


a»(contlii- One hundred-forty surface active
uous aer- agents, solvent enulslf lers, pesticides.
at ion, aea-DOlychlorinated Mohenyts, pure
water, and Inorganic, ana organic cheirlcats x»re
daily evaluated against as nany as ten narine
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
renewal) published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organises.
a«lcontln_ saee as above
uous aer-
ation, aea-
wator, and
daily
solution
renewal )
a* (con tin- see* as above
•uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
aUcontin- *»«• »* »bove
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
Reference
AMIC-720
DuKe, et I
(1970J,
AMIC-720
DuKe« et
AL(1970),
AMIC-72,0
OuKe, et
AK1970),
AMIC-720
Portnann,
at (1<)71)
AHIC-7701






Portaann,
al (19711
AHIC-7701




Portwann,
al (1971)
AMIC-7701




Portaann,
at (1971)
ANIC-7701



ll








et
t







• t
t





• t
t





• t
•



-------
•roc Ior 1262
                     Cardlum edule BS»   —
                                                       less  than 10
                                                       IT2)
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)

                                                 a«(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation,  sea.
                                                 water, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        same as abovo
                                                                                  Portmann, «t
                                                                                  at (1971).
                                                                                  •MIC-7701
•rector 1Z6Z
                     Crangon
                     erangon
                                   BS»   —
                                                       less Than 10
                                                 a«(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, aea-
                                                 wator, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                  Portmann. at
                                                                                  at (1971),
                                                                                  »MIC-77fll
Arsenic
                     • losa
                     pseudo-
                     harengui
                                   FL
Arsenic
•rsonic
•r sonic
Arsenic
                     Coregonus     FL
                     artedll
                     Coregonus     FL
                     eluoeaformls
                     Coroqonus     FL
                     ttoyl
Prosoplum     FL
cyllndraeeum
                    Croat LaKos
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie
                                                      O.OZ3(resldue>  —
Grcit LaHes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great LaKos
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erlo

Groat Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erlo

Great Lakes
- Superior,
                                                      0.069lroslduel  —
                                                      O.Olt(resldue)  —
                                                      0.063(rosldu*>
                                                      0.0056(resldue) —
                                                Trace element content of fish
                                        from Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Erie
                                        Has determined by activation analysis.
                                        Whole body and liver residues Here
                                        determined.  Concentrations varied with
                                        species and lake.  Other elements found
                                        Here*  antlnony - 5 to 100 ppb,  barium -
                                        0«2 opm, cesium - 3 ppb, lanthanum - 1 to
                                        20 OPb, mercury - 10 opb,  rhenium - 0.5
                                        to 5 ppb, rubidium - 0.06  to 6 ppm,
                                        scandlu* - 7 ppb, selenium - 0.1 to 2
                                        ppb, silver - 0.001 ppb.

                                               same as above
Lucas, et
(1970).
 4MIC-3778
                                                                                                                                     at
                                                                                        same as abovo
                                                                                        same as abovo
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                      Lucas, et at
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-3778
                                                                                                      Lucas, et at
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      •MIC-3778
                                                                                                      Lucas, at al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),

-------
s
Compound

Arsenic
Arsenic
Ar sen i c
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Organism

Salvellnus
namaycush
Osmerus
mordax
Carasslus
auratus
No tr op Is
hudsonlus
Percopsls
pmlseomayeus
Roccus
chrysops
Perca
f lavescens
Stizostedlon
vl treum
vltreum
Coregonus
clupeaformls
Field
Study

FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
Field
Location
Hlchiqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Mlchiqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchiqan, and
Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchiqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchiqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan, and
E.-le
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchiqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
Hoose Lake,
Can.
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments

0.0l>9(resldue) ~ same as above
0.020 (residue) ~ same as above
0.006(resldue> — same as above
0.0035(resldue) -- same as above
O.OZ9(resIdue) — same as above
0.098(resldue) — same as above
0.007(resldue) — same as above
0.098(resldue) ~ same as above
0.09 (residue) -- Concentrations of 13 toxic
elements in dressed fish fro* heavily
Industrialized and non-industrial ized
Reference
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AHIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
SMIC-377S
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970),
AMIC-3778
Uthe.et al
(1971),
AMIC-3819

-------
•runic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
Arsenic
AsuliM (K s»ltl
                     Coregonus      FL
                     clupeaformls
                     Esox  luclus    FL
                     F.SOX  luelus    FL
                     F.SOX  luclus   FL
Lake
Ontario*
Can.

Hoose Lake,
Can.
                                          Lake  St.
                                          Pierre, Can.
                                                       0.7 (residue)
                                                       0.05 (residue)   —
                                                       0.09 (residue)   —
                     Osmerus
                     •ordax
                     Perca
                     flavescens
                                   FL
                                   FL
                                          L»ke  Erie.
                                          Can.
Lake Erie,
Can.
Lake Erie.
Can.
                                                       0.0?  (residue)   —
                                                       0.19  (residue)   —
                                                       0.05  (residue)   —
                     Rasbora       8CFA
                     heteromorpha  and
                                   BS»
             5.260 (Tl,
             hardxater)
a*,c,e,f .
hard  (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
a II u 1 1 on
nnt<>r, or
Asuluej IK salt)
                     ffasbora       BCF»
                     heteromorpha  and
                                   BS*
             i,roo (Ti,
             soltnater)
                                                                       for some
                                                                       soecles
a*,c.«,f.
hard (HW)
or soft
ISM)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seanater
                                                                                  areas Mere deternlned.   Only aercury
                                                                                  exceeded regulatory limits,  and
                                                                                  concentrations of  most  elements Here
                                                                                  essentially the sane in fIsn fro* both
                                                                                  areas.

                                                                                         sa«e as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sa«e as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
        One hundred sixty—four
            Hwttinq agents, and
miscellaneous Hater pollutants shoned a
Hide range of toxielty spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knoxlnq the toxielty And
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxielty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the opposite Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
                                                      Uthe, etat
                                                      (197H,
                                                      •MIC-3B19

                                                      Uthe, et at
                                                      (19^1) ,»MIO
                                                      3819

                                                      Uthe, e.t
AMIC-S819

Uthe, et al
(1971), *MIC
3814

Uthe, et al
(1971
3819

Uthe, et
AL(1971),
(NIC-3819

Alabaster (
69),
4HIC-5I.2S
                                          Alabaster(19
                                          69),
                                          AMIC-5«i2S

-------
Field Field
Compound Organise Study Location


Asuntol (sheep dip) Rasbora BCFA —
hater oner oha and
BSA







Atlas 1401 Cardlua «dul« BSA —







Atlas 1901 Crangon BSA —
crangon





Atlas 1901 Pandalus BSA
•ontagul





Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
PPM or Noted Comments
for some
species
0.0<>6 (TZ> a*,c,e,t, sa*e as above
hard
(HHlor
soft (SHI
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
for some
spec les
33-100 (T2) a»(contln- One hundred-forty surface active
UOU3 aer- aoents, solvent eiiulsl f iers, pesticides.
ation, sea- po' ychlorlnated blohenyls« pure
water and morqanlc, ana orqanic cheitlcals were
diily evaluated against as many as ten narlne
solution organisms. The authors noted that nost
renewal) published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organlsns.
100-330 (TZ) ac(contin- sane as above
uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
33-100 «T8) a*(contin- sane as above
uoua aer-
ation, see-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
Reference


Alabaster,
(1969) ,AHIC-
51.25







Porfnann, et
al
(1971J,AMIC-
7701





Port«ann, at
al (1971),
AHIC-7701




Portaann, et
al (1971).
AHIC-7701




Atlavar
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     h«tero*orpha  and
                                   BSA
1,300 (T2)       ft*,c,e,f,           One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                bard (HWJ   pesticides, netting aqents,  and           (1969),
                or sort    ulscel laneous water pollutants snowed  a    AH.IC-5<>25
                     syn-   Hide range of toxlclty spanning 12 orders

-------
          Atrezlne
                                Carelnu*
                                •aenas
                                              SSA   —
                                                                 100  ITZ)
                                                                         than
          Atraxine
                               Cardlua adula 8SA    —
                                                                greater than
                                                                108
u>
 tbetlc     of magnitude.   Knowing the toxlclty and
 dilution   percentage of  all  components of  a
 water, or  formulation did not  result In easy
 seawater   predictability of  the toxlclty of a
 Tor sosie   Mixture of materials.  Sometimes
 species    pesticides Here most toxic In hard  water
            and sometimes  tn*  opposite Has true.
            Testing the actual  material  as sold was
            found to be essential.

a,»(coatln-     '     One hundred-forty  surface active
uoua aer-   agents, solvent enulslflerst pestlcldest
ation, sea- polychlorlnated blphenylst pure
water, and  Inorganic, and organic chenlcals were
dally       evaluated against  as many  as ten marine
solution    orqanlsas.  The authors noted that  aost
renewal)    published data of  this type  deal  Hlth
            toxlclty of cheelcal* to freshwater
            organises.
a«Icontin-
uous aer-
ation,  sea.
utter,  and
dally
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                          Portxann, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          •NIC-7701
                                          PorTmann, et
                                          a I (1971),
                                          •MIC-7701
          Atrazine
                               Crangon
                               crangon
                                             BS«   —
                                                                10-33  (T2t
a* (contin-
uous aer-
ation, aea.
water, and
Oally
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                          Porfmann, at
                                          al (19711,
                                          •MIC-7701
          Avatfex 8H
                               •asbora       BCFA
                               heterenorpha  and
                                             BSA
                                                                6 (T2)
a«,c,e,f.
bard  (KW)
or soft
(SV)  syn-
thetic
dilution
miter, or
sea water
for some
species
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, HCftlno aqents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water oollutants showed a   AHIC-S4K
Hide range of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing Tne toxlclty and
percentaoe of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
elxture of Materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
end sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual Material as sold Has
found to be essential.

-------
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm
Avadex Rasbora BCFA ~ B.Z (TZ)
heteromorpha and
aSA







Az Inphosme thy) Fish (not — — greater than
specified) 0.01-0.1 (K)



Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a»,c,e,f ,
hard (HHI
or soft
(SH)synthe
tic
dilution
Hater, or
soanater
for so*e
species
—




same as above









Approximate toxlcltlvs of
numerous pesticides commonly used In
Orl-talr Here summarized. An excellent
brief, general discussion of toxlclty
testing Is also pri-s»nt.
Reference
Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-5I.Z5







Mawdeslev-
Thomas(1971l
AMIC-1056


        Az Inphosme thy I
I
UJ
                             Carclnu*
                             •aenas
                                           USA
                                                              0.033-0.1  (TZ)
                at(contin-         One hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-  agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                atlon, see-polychlorlnatod blohenyls, pure
                water, and. Inorganic, and organic chemicals Here
                dally      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.
        tzlnohosaethy I
                             Cardlun edute BSA   —
                                                              greater
                                                              (TZ)
                                                                       than  10
                a«(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                dally
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                 sa«e as above
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     ANIC-7701
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (19711.
                                                     AHIC-7701
        »2lnphos«ethyl
                             Crangon
                             crengon
                                           BS«   —
0.0003-0.001
(TZ)
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                 same as above
Portmann, et
al (1971),
»HIC-7701
        AZlnphotMthyl
                             LIvanda
                                           BSA
0.01-0.03 (TZ)  a»(contin-
                                                                                                 saac as. above
                                                                                                                                    Portmann, et

-------
                                llmanda
                                                                                 uous aer-
                                                                                 ation,  sea-
                                                                                 water,  and
                                                                                 daily
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      AMIC-7701
          AzlnDnosmethyl
Panda 1 us
montaqul
                                             as*
          Azlnphos ««thvl
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              8SA
0.0003-0.001
CT2)
                                                                0.076  (T?)
U)
          Bacterial •ndotexlns Salmo
                               qalrdnerl
                               (1.00-5(10 q>
                                                                10  (NTEt
          Bacterial tndotoxlns Oncorhynchus
                               klsutch
                               C.00-500 q>
          Balan
                               Gammarus
                               fasclatus
                                             BS»   ~
                                                                10 (NTE)
                                                                1.1 IT%)
a«(contln-        same as above                      Portmann, at
uoua aer-                                            al (1971),
ation, sea-                                          AMIC-7701
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)

a*,Cte,f,          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
hard (HH>  pesticides, Netting aqents. and           (1969),
orsott     mlscpl laneous Mater ootlutants showed a   AMIC-5«»?S
(SW)       Hide ranqe of toxlclty soannlnq 12 orders
synthetic  of maonltude.  Knoxlnq the toxlclty and
dilution   oercentaqe of all conoonents of a
xater, or  formulation did not result In easy
seauater   predictability of the toxlclty of a
for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
species    pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
           and soiretlmes the opposite Has true.
           Testinq the actual material as sold Has
           found to be essential*

™                 Salmon and trout were Injected    Medemeyer*
           Hlth endotoxins preoared from Eseherlchla et at
                                                            coll and Aeromonas salmonicida.  No
                                                            significant cardiovascular response or
                                                            effect on liver tryptoohan pyrroles*
                                                            activity in vitro occurred.  It Has
                                                            concluded that metabolic effects of
                                                            bacterial endotoxins In salaonids are
                                                            qualitatively different from those of
                                                            hlqher vertebrates.

                                                                   same as above
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-3771.
                                                                                                      Wedemeyer,et
                                                                                                      al (196B),
                                                                                                      AHIC-377*
                                                                    Of the aquatic Heed herbicides    Sanders
                                                            evaluated, Olclone Has the most toxic,    (1970),
                                                            Oaphnia Has generally the most sensitive  AMIC-WSJ
                                                            organism.  All of the Crustacea Here
                                                            affected by «uch lower concentration
                                                            levels of herbicides than Indicated by
                                                            the Tl sub 50.values.  All ot the animals

-------
             Coaoound
              Field  Field
  Organise    Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                            Consents
                                                                                                                                      Reference
          Banner 0601
Crangon       BSA   —
crangon
                                                                 10-33 (T?)
          Banner OG02
Crangon
crangon
                                              BS*
                                                                 10 «TZ>
>
I
                           represent Important food chain links.

                a«(contin-         One hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-   aqents, solvent emutsiflers, pesticides,
                ation, raa-polychlorln»ted blohenyts, pure
                water, and inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                daily      evaluated against as aany as ten Marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that aost
                renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.

                a«(contln-        saae as above
                uous aer-
                ation, sea.
                water, and
                dally
                solution
                renowti)
                                                                                                                                      Portaann,  et
                                                                                                                                      a I  (1971).
                                                                                                                                      AHIC-7701
                                                                                                                                      Portaann,  et
                                                                                                                                      al  (1971).
                                                                                                                                      ANIC-7701
           ••mar 0603
Crangon
crangon
                                              BSA
                                                                 19-33 IT?>
                                                                                 a«(contin-
                                                                                 uous aer-
                                                                                 ation, sea-
                                                                                 water, and
                                                                                 daily
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                     Portaann, et
                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
           tanner 060*
Crangon
crangon
                                              BSA   •—
                                                                 10-33 ITZ1
                                                                                 a«(contin-
                                                                                 uous aer-
                                                                                 ation, sea.
                                                                                 water, and
                                                                                 dally
                                                                                 solution
                                                                                 renewal)
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                     Portaann, et
                                                                     al (1971).
                                                                     ANIC-7701
           •arban
                                Rasbora
                                heteroMorpha
              BCF*
              and
              BSA
0.91 (TZ)       a*,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four
                hard (HH)  pesticides, wetting agents, and
                or         miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
                SOFT(SH)    wide range of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
                synthetic  of Magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
                dilution   percentage of.all components of a
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (1969).

-------
        Barium
                             Paralabrax
                             elmthrafus
                                           FH
>
        Barium
        Barium
        Barlua
        Barlua
        Barlua
        Barium
                             Paralabrax    FN
                             clathratus
                             Paratahrax
                             clathratus
                             Paralabrax
                             clathratus
                             Paralabrax
                             elathratus
                             clathratus
                             Paralabrax
                             clathratus
                             (gravid
                                           FN
                                           FN
                                           FN
Scattergood  ? (dorsal
Steam PI not, muscle
LosAngeles,  residua)
Cal.
water, or  formulation did not result In easy
seawater   predictability of the toxlelty of a
for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
species    pesticides Here most toxic in hard water
           and sometimes the ooposlte was true*
           Testlnq the actual material as sold was
           found to be essential.

—                 Fish collected froin an effluent   Staoleton
           ploe of n stenm olant and from offshore   t!968)«
           waters of Catallna Islana were analyzed   HHIC-5980
           for trace element content.  Trace element
           content of the effluent  water was at
           least 5 times greater than that of normal
           sea water for cadmium, coooer, nickel,
           zinc? and chromium.  Livers of fish from
           the effluent were nearly twice the size
           of those from the ocean.  Greatest
           differences in concentration occurred
           with aluminum, cadnlun,  and nickel.
           Silver, barium, lithium, and lead showed
           the least differences.  The author
           concluded that trace element analysis of
           tissues could be used to determine the
           •ffect of pollutants on  Marina organises.
Catatlna     1.7 (dorsal
Island, Cal. muscle
             r«sldu«)

Scatterqood  !.<> (ventral
Steam Plant, muscle
LosAnqeles,  raaidua)
Cal.

Catallna     1.3 (ventral
Island, Cal. Muscle
             r»iidu«)

Scattergood  7.8 (gonads
Steam Plant, residue)
lostnqeles,
Cal.

Catalina     Z.6
Island, Cal. (gonads
             raaldua)

Catatlna     2.2
Island, Cal. (qonads
             residua)
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as above
                                                                                                same as abova
                                                                                                saac as abova
                                                                                                same as abova
                                                                                                same as abova
                                                     S taoleton
                                                     (196M,
                                                     Staoleton
                                                     (196!) .AM.IC-
                                                    Staoleton
                                                     (1968).
                                                    A1IC-S9SO

                                                    Staoleton
                                                     (1948).
                                                    ANIC-5980
                                                    Stapleton
                                                     (1968).
                                                    AHIC-5989

                                                    Stapleton
                                                     (1968).
                                                    AHXC-S980

-------
>
           Coaoound
         •awlua
         •arlua
         Barlua
         ••rlu*
         •arlua
         •arlua
         Barlua
         •arlua
         •asol  AM
Organise
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paratabrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
elathratus
Paralahrax
elathratus
Paralabrax
elathratus
Paralabrax
elathratus
Paralabrax
elathratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Cranqon
cranqon
Field
Study
FH
FM
FM
FN
FH
FM
FM
FM
as*
Field
Locat Ion
Seatterqood
Stean Plant,
LosAnqeles.
Cal.
Catal Ina
Island, Cal.
Seatterqood
Steaa Plant,
LosAnqeles,
Cal.
Catal ina
Island, Cal.
Scattergood
Steaa Plant,
LosAnqeles,
Cat.
Catallna
Island, Cal.
Seatterqood
Steam Plant,
LosAngeles,
Cal.
Catal Ina
Island, Cal.

Toxicity,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppa
!.<• (liver
residue)
1.8
(liver
residua)
2.8 (Intequaent
residue)
1.6
(Integuaent
raaidua)
1.2 (heart
residue)
2
(heart
residua)
5.8 (eyeball
residue)
9.1
(eyeball
residua)
10-33 (T2I
Experlaenta
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
—
— —

~

— —

— —
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
solution
renewal)
1
Coaaents
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
One hundred-forty surface active
agents, solvent eaulslflers, pesticides,
polychlorlnated blohenyls, pure
Inorqanlc, and orqanic che»lcals nere
evaluated aqalnst as nany as ten aarlne
organises. The authors noted that aost
published data of this tyoe deal with
toxlclty of ehealcals to freshwater
organ ISMS.
Reference
Staoleton
(1968).
ANIC-S980
Staoleton
11968),
Staoleton
(1968).
AMIC-MSO
Staoleton
11968) ,
AMIC-5980
Staoleton
11968),
AHIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5989
Staoleton
(1968).
AMIC-S980
Portnann, et
at
(1971), AHIC-
7781

-------
         ••sol 99
                              Rasbora
                              hateroaerpha
              BCFA
              and
              BS»
                   1.2 
NO
         Bayer 39(07
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                  1*  (TZ,
                                  hardwater)
         Bayer 39DD7
Rasbera
heteromorpna
BCFA
and
BS*
                                 7.5 (T2,
                                 softwater)
         BayIuseIda
Moron*
saxatllis
If IngerlInqsl
                                            BSA   —
                                                               0.78 (T3)
                                   »",cTe,f ,
                                   hard
                                   (HH)or
                                   soft (SW)
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   water,  or
                                   seaxafer
                                   tor some
                                   soecies
                                                 hard
                                                 (HH)or
                                                 sott (SH)
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 •at«r.  or
                                                 scaMater
                                                 for  son«
                                                 soecles

                                                 a,c.d,«,T.
                                                 P
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                                      AMIC-5«i2S
                                                      All  compounds were Investigated   Wellborn
                                              because of their probable usage in        (1971),
                                              hatchery production of white cass.        AMIC-5571
                                              Compounds that can be used at recommended
                                              concentrations were Aquathol, Casaron,
                                              Llndane, and Terramycln concentrate.

-------
Compound

Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Baytex
Organism

Orconectes
nals
Procambarus
slmulans
Channel
catfish
Roccus
saxatllls
Dragonf 1 les
(larvae!
Whirligig
beetles
BacKsNimmers
Ictaturus
punctatus
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Study Location Ppm

FP Pratt, 0.1 (Kit!
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (K<.)
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (NTEO
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 CNTEU)
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (K*l
Kansas
FP Pratt. 0.1 (Km
Kansas
FP Pratt, 0.1 (KO
Kansas
BSA — 1.66 mi
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

a,b,c,d,e,
* ,9.P
a,b,c,d,e,
f ,9,P
a,b,c,d,e,
f ,q,p
a.b,c,d,e.
a,b,c,d,e,
f ,9,P
a,b,c,d,e,
f ,9,P
a,b,c,d,e.
a,
synthetic
Those that should not be used were
Acrlflavlne, Baylusclde, Malachite green
oxalate, and Halathlon.
Baytex applied at various rates
up to ?50 PDb resulted In significant
reduction of crayfish. Ponds treated at
less than 100 ppb had to be retreated to
eradicate crayfish. This chemical
appears to have utility in fish culture
for controlling crayfish.
same as above
same as above
same as above
save as above
sane as above
same as above
Organochlor Ine insecticides Here
the most toxic compounds.
Reference

Ray, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-51.33
Ray, etal
(1970) ,
Ray, et
al (1970),
AHIC-S
-------
>
•p-
          Baytax
          Bayt«x
          Baytex
          Baytex
Baytex
          Baytex
                     let slur us
                     •el as
                     Carass 1 us
                     auraTus
                               Cyprlnus
                               carplo
                     Plneohales
                     eronelas
                     Lepools
                     •aerochlrus
                               leoonls
                               •Icroloohus
                                             BS»   —
                                             BSA   —
                                             BSA   —
                                             8S»
                                   BS»
                                             BS«
                                                                1.62
                                                                     (Tl.)
                                                                1.16 (Tfc)
                                                                     (Tli)
                                                      1.38 (U)
                                                                1.8S (Tit)
a.
synthetic
test water

a.
synthetic
test Mater

a»
synthetic
test water

a,
synthetic
test Mater

8,
synthetic
test Mater

a,
synthetic
test water
                                                                                           centrarchlds would likely be safe for
                                                                                           cvorlnlds and Ictalurlds.  Sate levels
                                                                                           for Ictalurlds or cyprlnlds would
                                                                                           probably be hazardous for centrarchlds
                                                                                           and salBonlds.  The use of goldfish In
                                                                                           bloassays was discouraged.

                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
HaceK, et
al(1970).
AMIC-5510

HaceK, et
• K19TO),
AMIC-5510

HaceK, et
al(19ro) ,
• NIC-5511)

XaceK, et
81(1970).
AHIC-5510

HaceK, et
• H1970),
                                                                                                                           HaceK, et
                                                                                                                           al (1970) .
                                                                                                                           ANIC-5510
          Bsytex
          Baytex
          Baytex
          Baytex
          Baytex
                               Mlcrooterus
                               salnoldes
                     Salae
                     galrdnerl
                                             BSA   ~
                                             BSA   —
                               Sal no trutta  BSA
                     Oncorhynchus  BSA
                     Klsutch
                     Perea
                     flav«se«n<
                                             BSA   —
                                                                0.93
                                                                1.33 (Tl.)
                                                                1.3Z (T%)
                                                                1.6S (Tit)
a,
synthetic
test Mater

a.
synthetic
test water

at
synthetic
test water

a.
synthetic
test water

a.
synthetic
test water
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
HaceK, et
al (19/0),
ANIC-5519

HaceK, et
al (1970),
AMIC-SSIO

HaceK, et
al (1970).
AMIC-5510

HaceK, etal
(1<<70) ,
AHIO5S10

HaceK, et
al (1970).
AHIC-5510
          Baynood %I
                               Rasbora
                                             BCFA
                                                                B«0 (TZ)
                                                                                a*,c,e,f,
                                                                                                   One hundred sixty-four
                                                                                                                                     Alabaster

-------
15
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
CoBDOundJ Organism Study Location Pom or toted Comments
heteroMorpha and hard (HH>
BSA or
SOFT(SH)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species



inazolln Rasbora BCFA — 325 ITZ) a«,c,e,f.
heteromorpha and hard (HW)
BSA or soft
(Sif) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
•eawater
for - aoma
•paclea



>nsullde Cammarus BSA — !.«. (T%) a*
fasclatus
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty soannlng 12 orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all coxoonents of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide ranoe of toxlclty scanning 1? orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
Of the aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Dlclone was the most toxic.
Reference
(1969).
AHIC-51.25










Alabaster
(1969),
AHIC-5V25










Sanders
(1970),
          •HC  (Plus  llndane)   Hhlta sucker  FRL    Nice,
states 0.01-0.2?
       residua (SB)
Oaphnla was generally the most sensitive
organism.  All of the Crustacea were
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than indicated by
the TL sub SO values.  Alt of the animals
represent Important food chain links.

        The Bureau of Sport Fisheries
continued Its fish monitoring program by
collecting 1<»7 composite fish samples
from 50 nationwide monitoring stations
during the fall  of 1969.  Fish were
analyzed for residues of 11
organochlorlne Insecticides, Holds, and
PC9-S.
                                                                                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                                                                                     et al
                                                                                                                                     (1971),
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-H.07
          BMC (olus Itndane)   Tel low parch  FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.31
                                                                                                   same  as above
                                                                                                                                     Henderson,

-------
                                                       residue (SB)
                                                                                                                            • t al
                                                                                                                            (1971),
§MC fptuc  llndenel   Chain
                     pickerel
FRL   Mite. states 0.07
                   residue (SBt
BMC  (plus  llndanel    White catfish FRL   Misc.  states 0.33 residue
                                                       CSB)
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         save as above
Henrterson,
et  al
(19711,
»MIC-HD7

Henderson,
et  at
                                                                                                                            *Nic-i«»o7
BMC fetus  llndanel   White  perch    FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.18-0.26
                                                       residue ISO)'
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et at
                                                                                         (19711 ,
                                                                                         »MIC-1«.07
BHC  (plus  llndanel   Goldfish      FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.51 residue
                                                       (SB)
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         • t al
BHC lotus  llndane)    Puapklnseed   FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.09 residue
                                                       (SB)
                                                                                         saee as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
0HC (plus  llndane)   largeaouth     FRL   Hlse.  states 0.01-0.47
                     bass                              residue (SB)
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (19711 ,
                                                                                         4HTC-1U07
BMC (otws  llndane)   Brown         FRL    Misc.  states 0.01-«.37
                     bullhead                          residue (SB)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                        Henderson,
                                                                                        et  al
•MC (plus  llndane)   Carp
FRL   Hlsc. states D.01-0.99
                   residue (SB)
                                                                                         saae as above
Henderson,et
al (1971),
• NIC-11.07
•MC (plus  llndanel   Channel
                     catfish
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01-1.50
                   residue (SB)
                                                                                         saae as above
Henderson,
et al
(1971),
BMC (plus  llndane)   Redhorse       FRL    Misc.  states 0.02-0.10
                     sucker                            residue (SB)
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (1971),
                                                                                         AHIC-1<»07

-------
  Compound
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
                                   Experimental
                                   Variables,
                                   Controlled
                                   or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
BHC lolus  llndane)    Gizzard shad  FRL    Hlsc.  states  0.06-0.10
                                                       residue (SB)
BHC (plus  llndaneI    Spotted
                      sucker
BHC talus  llndane)    Bluegllls
BHC (plus  llndane)    Striped
                      mullet
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01-0.03
                   residue (SB)
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01-0.02
                   resIdue(SB)
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.?8-1.1<»
                   residue  (SB)
BHC (Plus  llndane)    Blue catfish   FRL    Hlsc.  states O.lt residue
                                                       (SB)
BHC (plus  llndane)    Rock bass      FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.01-0.1<.
                                                       reslduelSB)
BHC (Plus  llndane)    Freshwater     FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.01 residue
                      drum                              (SB)
BHC (plus  llndane)    Bloater
BHC (plus  llndane)    Lake
                      •hitefIsh
BHC  (plus  llndane)    Lake  trout
                                    FRl    Hlsc.  states 0.03-0.08
                                                       residue (SB)
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.05
                   residue(SB)
                                    FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.01-0.01
                                                       residua (SB)
                                                     same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     same  as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     same  as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1971) .
                                                                     *HIC-1<»07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-l«i07

                                                                     Henderson.
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (19711,
                                                                     AHIC-H.07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     »HIC-1<»07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     ANIC-11.07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1971),
                                                                     AHTC-1*07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     C19M»,
                                                                     AMIC-K.07

                                                                     Henderson,et
                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-11.07

                                                                     Henderson,et
                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-H07

                                                                     Henderson,
                                                                     et al

-------
>

V/l
        •HC (plus llndane)   Unite crapple FRL   Hlse. state* 0.07-2.19
                                                              residue  (SB)
        SHC telu* llndane)   Blojiouth
                             buffalo
        •HC Cplus Itndanal   Saallaouth
                             buffalo
                                   FRL    MISC.  State*  0.03-0.07
                                                       residue  (SB)
                                   FRL   Hlse. states 0.08 residue
                                                      (SB)
        BHC lotus llndane)   Ftathead      FRL   Misc. states 0.02 residue
                             catfish                          (SB)
BHC lotus llndane)   Coldeye
        BHC lolus llndane)   Hal leva
        BNC lolus llndane)    Saucer
FRL   Misc. states 0.02-0.08
                   residue (SB)
                                           FRL   Nlse. states 0.01 residue
                                                              (SB)
                                   FRL   Hlse. states 0.01 residue
                                                      (SB)
        BMC (plus llndane)    Flannelaouth  FRL   Hlse.  states 0.02 residue
                             sucker                           (SB)
        BMC (plus llndane)    BlaeK
                             bullhead
                                   FRL   Hlse. states 0.01 residue
                                                      (SB)
       BHC (Plus llndane)    Hhlte bass    FRL   Hlse.  states  O.tl  residue
                                                              (SB)


       BMC lolus llndane)    Black crapple FRL   Misc.  states  0.01-0.03
                                                              residue  (SB)
                                                                                                 saae  as above
                                                     sane  as above
                                                     saae as above
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                        saae  as above
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                sane as above
                                                                                        saae as above
 (1971),
 AHIC-H.07

 Henderson,
 et  al
 (19711,
 AMIC-1407

 Henderson,
 et  al
 (1971) ,
 AHIC-H07

 Henderson,
 et  al
 (1971),
 ANTC-l«t07

 Henderson,
 et  al
 (1971),
 AHIC-1%07

 Henderson, at
 al  (197U,
 AHIC-U.Q7

 Henderson, et
 al  (1971),
 AHIC-1W07

 Henderson, et
 al  (19711,
 AHIC-1V07

 Henderson,
et al
 (1971),
 AHIC-1%07

 Henderson, et
 al  (1971),
 A MIC- 1*07

Henderson, et
at  (1971),
 AMIC-ld07

Henderson,
et al
                                                                                                                                   AMIC-H07

-------
            Conoound
            Field  Field
Organise    Study Location
                                                       Toxlclty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
                                                         Ppn
                                   Experimental
                                   Variables,
                                   Controlled
                                   or Noted
                                                                                                            Comments
                                                                                                                                      Reference
k
BHC (olus llndan*)    Largescale
                      sucker
BHC (plus IIndanel   Small mouth
                     bass
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01-0.1Z
                   residue (SB)
FRL   Hlsc. states 0.01 residue
                   (SB)
          BHC (olus llndan*)   Northern       FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.01  residue
                               squaw fish                         (S3)
          BHC (Dlus  IIndane)    Chlselnouth    FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.03-0.03
                                                                 residue (SB)
BHC (olus  llndan*)    Rainbow trout  FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.01 residue
                                                       (S3)


BHC (olus  IIndane)    Brldgello     FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.03 residue
                      sucker                            (SB)
          BHC  (plus  llndan*)    Arctic
                                grayling
          BHC  (olus  IIndane)    Round
                                MhlteTish
          BHC  (olus  IIndane)    Longnos*
                                sucker
                                    FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.13 residue
                                                       (SB)
                                    FRL   Hlsc.  states 0.0* residue
                                                       (SB)
                                    FRL    Hlsc.  states 0.01-0.03
                                                       residue (SB)
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                                                      Henderson.
                                                                                                                                      et  al
                                                                                                                                      (19711 ,
                                                                                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                                                                                      et al
                                                                                                                            AMIC-K.07

                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            et al
                                                                                                                            (1971),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-11.07

                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            et al
                                                                                                                            (1971),
                                                                                        Henderson,et
                                                                                        al  (1971),
                                                                                        AMIC-11.07

                                                                                        Henderson,
                                                                                        et  al
                                                                                        (1971),
                                                                                        AHIC-1".07

                                                                                        Henderson,
                                                                                        et  al
                                                                                        (1971),
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (1971),
                                                                                         AMIC-K.07

                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (1971),
                                                                                         An-IC-K.07
          BHC
                               Puntlus  tlcto —•
                                                                 70 (Tit)
                                                                                 a,c,d,e< f
                                                                                                    Of the pesticides Investigated,   Bnatla

-------
8HC
                     Carclnus
                     •aenas
                                   BS*    —
                                                                                  the  most  toxic Has  Klofos  followed In      (1971),
                                                                                  decreasing order  by Sumlthlon.  Halathlon,  «HIC-5*23
                                                                                  Formlthlon,  Dlmecron, Sevln,  and  BHC.  The
                                                                                  author  cites the  need for  more  selective
                                                                                  Pesticides nontoxic to  fish  or
                                                                                  antagonistic agents for  reducing  fish
                                                                                  toxlcl ty.
                                 greater than    a*(contin-         One hundred-forty surface active
                                 100  (12)        uous aer-  agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                                                 ation, sea-Polychforlnated blphenyls, pure
                                                 water, and Inorganic, and organic chenicals Here
                                                 daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                                                 solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                                                 renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                                            toxlclty of chenlcals to freshwater
                                                            organisms.
BHC
                     Cardlum edule BSA
                                                      greater
                                                      (TZ)
                                                               than  10
                                                 a»(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                      Portmann, et
                                                                      al (1171),
                                                                      »HIC-7701
                                                                      Portmann, «t
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      »HIC-7rot
BHC
                     Crsngon
                     crangon
                                   BS*
                                                      0.001-0.003
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                      Portmann,  at
                                                                      al  (1971).
                                                                      AMIC-7701
Bis hydroxymethyl)
Ohosphlnlc acid
Plmeohates
oromelas
                                   BSA
Bis (dimethyl thlo   Phormldlum
carbomoyl) dlsulflde amblguum
.29.8 ITI»>        a»,d,e,o,           Malathlon and Its hydrolysis      Bender
                 and Fa     products Here evaluated  with the finding  (1969),
                            that  one such product (dlethyl  funaratc)   AHIC-3787
                            Has more toxic than lalathlon to fathead
                            minnows.  Synerglsm occurred between
                            Halathlon and two products of hydrolysis.
                             Continuous exposure resulted In
                            Increased toxlclty.

 O.S-10.0         —                  Of 71. chemicals  evaluated as      Otto  (1970),
 (f>6percent                 alqicldes, only 9 were more toxic than    AHIC-49Z
 growth                      CuSOfc.   None Inhibited growth of
 Inhibited  1<>1               mat-forming algae for more than ? weeks.
                            CuSO"» formulated with certain watting
                            aqents  Has more toxic than CuSOfc alone.
                            Cooper  chloraalne Has also found to  be

-------
                        Organism
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredlentt
                Experimental
                Variables,
                Controlled
                or Noted
                                                                                                 Concents
                                                                                                                           Reference
Bis Itrl-n-butyll
tin avlde
•eraseeu
Phormldlum
amtaiguum
                     Sal BO
                     galrdnerl
                                   L     ~
              8CF»
              and
              BSA
1.5-10.0 HOD
percent

Inhibited 1U)

l.tOO CTZI
                                                                                 •ore toxic than CuSO*.  No wetting agents
                                                                                 Mere found to b« Inhibitory at the
                                                                                 concentrations Investigated CO.05 and
                                                                                 0.005 DP*).  Also reported are factors
                                                                                 affecting growth of algae in canals to
                                                                                 determine whether there were leads to
                                                                                 controlling algae by environmental
                                                                                 management.  No practical environmental
                                                                                 •eans Mere found*

                                                                                        same as above
                                                                    Otto  11970).
                                                                    ANIC-89?
Bewrben
                     Betta
                     splendens
                                   L     —
                                                      2*50  ISB 6 hr)  a*
                     Carclnus
                                   BSA   —
                a*,c,e,f«           One  hundred  sixty-four             Alabaster
                hard IHH)   pesticides,  wetting  agents,  and           (1969),
                or         alscellaneous water  pollutants  showed a   AMIC-5%?S
                SOFT(SM)    Hide range of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
                synthetic   of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                dilution    percentage of all  components of a
                Hater, or   formulation did not  result in easy
                seaiiater    predictability of  the toxlclty  of a
                for some    mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                species    pesticides were most toxic In hard mater
                           and sometimes the  opposite was  true.
                           Testing the actual material  as  sold was
                           found to be essential.

                                   The effects  of ethanol  and        Raynes,  etal
                           bourbon on the aggressive response of
                           SJanese fighting fish were determined.    (1968),ANIC
                           Fthanol Increased  gill show                57l£
                           (aggressiveness) and bourbon and bourbon
                           congeners decreased  It.  The authors
                           tentatively concluded that the  delayed
                           effect  of the congener resulted from
                           Involvement of a different physiological
                           mechanism and that this may be  related to
                           hangover effects In  man.

10-33        a»(contln-          One hundred-forty surface active  Porteann,  et
                uous aer-   agents, solvent emulsltiers, pesticides,  at  (1971),
                ation,  se«-oolychlorlnated blphenyls, pure           AHIC-77tl
                water,  and  Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                daily       evaluated against  as many as ten aarine

-------
BP 1002
                     Cardlun edule BSA
                                                       33-100  tT2)
                                                                      solution    organisms*   The authors noted that nost
                                                                      renawal)    published data of this type deal with
                                                                                  toxielty of chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                  organises.
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 wator, and
                                                 dally
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Portnann, et
                                                                     •I  (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1902
                     Cranqon
                     cranqon
                                   BSA
                                                       3.3-10  (T21
                                                 at-( contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Portnann, et
                                                                     al  (1471),
                                                                     AHIC-7701
BP 1002
                     Llmanda
                     llnanda
                                   8SA
                                                       10-33  (T2)
                                                 a«(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Porfnann, et
                                                                     at  (1971),
                                                                     &MIC-7701
BP 1002
                     Ostrea edulIs BSA
                                                      33-100  (T2)
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Portnann, et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     *MIC-7701
BP 1002
Panda I us
•ontsqul
                                   BSA
                                                      3.3-10  (T?>
                a*(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                vatcr, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                     Portnann, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     ASIC-7701
   110OX
Agonus
catapnractus
                                   BSA    —
greater than
10,000 (TW)
a«-( contin-
uous aer-
                                                                                         sane as above
Portnann* et
al (1971),

-------
          Coapound
            11MX
            llltX
Ml
O
         BP lltO
         BP lift
            lift
Field Field
Organise Study Location





Cardlua edule BSA —






Crangon 8S» —
crangon





Agonus BSA
cataohraetus





Cardlua «dula BS»






Crangon BSA —
crangon





Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Ingredient. Controlled
Pom or Noted Comients
ation, sea.
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
greater than a«(contin- same as above
10.000 m> uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
greater than ae(contin- saae as above
10.000 (T«) uoua aer-
ation, sea-
viator, and
dally
solution
renewal)
1000-3300 ,AMIC-
7701



Port»ann, et
al (1971).
AHIC-7701





-------
                     Fundulus
                     heteroclItu*
                                   BSA   ~
                                 0.00001-0.00022 a*,c,e,and
                                 
-------
Vfl
ro
Compound


Broelne



Broalne



Broalne



Brenephos












Broaoxynll (K salt!








Broaoxynll |K salt!


Field
Organise) Study


Carasslus FL
auratus


Roc c us FL
chrysops


Stlzostedlon FL
vltreum
vltreua

Rasbora BCFA
neteroaorpha and
BSA










Rasbora 6CFA
heteronorpha and
BSA






Rasbora BCFA
heteroeorpha and
BSA
Toxlcity,
Active
Field Ingredient,
Location ppa
HIchlqan,
and Erie
Great Lakes O.Kreslduel
- Superior,
HIchlqan,
and Erie
Great LaKes O.SIreslduet
- Superior,
Mlchl gan,and
Erie
Great LaKes O.B(resIdue)
- Superior,
Hlchlgan,
and Erie
— 0.62 (T2)












— 60 (TZ,
hardwater)







— 5.9 !T2,
soft Ha tar)

Experlmenta
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted


——



__



— _



a»,c,e,f,
hard IHW)
or soft
13WJ syn-
thetic
dilution .
water, or
aeawater
for aoao
species



a*,c,e,f ,h
ard (HH)
or soft
(SWI
synthetic
dilution
Mater, or
for some
species
a*,e,e,f.
hard (HH)
or soft
1
Coaaents


sane as above



sane as above



sane as above



One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wrttlna aqents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlcity spanning 1Z orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxlcity and
percentage of al 1 components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were nost toxic in hard water
and sometimes the opposite mas true.
Testing the actual naterlal as sold Has
found to be essential.
sane as above








sane as above


Reference
AH1C-3778

Lucas, et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778

Lucas, .et al
(1970>,
AMIC-S778

Lucas, et al
(1970»,
AHIC-37TB

Alabaster
(19691,
AMIC-51.25










Alabaster
(1969),»HIC-
5*25






Alabaster
119691,
AHIC-5I»Z5

-------
                Ul
ftasbora       8CF»
heteroaorpha  end
              BSA
                                                                8.65 ITZI
          Bvsan 99
 I
\n
u>
Rasbora       BCFA
heterooorone  and
              BSA
                                  1.8  III,
                                  hardwater)
          »u*an
Rasbora       BCFA
hetaroaorpha  and
              BSA
                                 t.z ITI,
                                 SoftMeter)
         Cadaiua chloride  las  Agonus         BSA
                               cataphraetus
                                                                33 mi
                                                                                (SU)
                                                                                synthetic
                                                                                dilution
                                                                                water, or
for SOB*
soeeles

a'.c,«,f ,
hard
(HH)or
soft  ISM)
synth* tie
dilution
Mater, or
seanater
for so«e
so«cl«s
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wettlnq aqents, and           (1969),»MIC-
•Iscellaneous Hater oollutants showed a   5425
wide range of toxlclty soannlng 12 orders
of naqnltude.  Knowlnq the toxlctty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
• Ixtur* of Materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Mere »ost toxic In hard Mater
and sonetlaes the opposite Mas true.
Testing the actual •aterlal as sold Has
found to be essential.
a«,c,e,f,
hard (KW)
or soft
ISW) ayn-
thatte
dilution
water, or
aaawater
for soee
opoclas

a*,c,e,ft
hard
IHM)or
soft (5M)
synthetic
dilution
Mater, or
seaMater
for sone
species

a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                          Alabaster
                                          C1969),
                                          »MIC-5«.?5
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                          Alabaster
                                          (19K9
                                          5425
                                                                     One hundred-forty surface active Port"»nn, «t
                                                             aoents, solvent enutslflers, pesticides, al I197D,
                                                                                            ooIych1 orInated blohenyls?  oure
                                                                                            lnorqanic«  and organic  chemicals  Mere
                                                                                            evaluated  against  as nany us  ten  narlne
                                                                                            organisms.   The authors noted that  >ost
                                                                                            published  data of  this  type deal  nlth
                                                                                            toxlclty  of  chenicats to  freshwater
                                                                                            organlsBS.
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-7701

-------
 I
vn
 •P-
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient*
Coaoound Organise) Study Location Ppm
Cadmium chloride (as Cardlun edule BS» — 3.3 (Ti>)
cadalum)





Cadalua chloride (as Crangon 8S» — 1.0 (T2>
cadalumt crangon





CadBlua chloride Fundulus L — 50 (SB2)
heteroclltus

Exoerlnental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
at (con tin- sa«e as above
uoua aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
a»(contln- sane as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
**iC Abnormalities observed Included
Intestine, Kidney, gill filaments, and
resolratory lamellae. The earliest and
Reference
Portaann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Portaann, et
al (1971),
ANIC-7701




Gardner, et
al (190).
AMI C- 3827
          Cadelua  sultate  las  •croneurla    8SA
          Cd>
         Cadailua sulfate  (as   Epheaerella    8SA
         Cdl
         CadBlua sultate  las   Hydroasyche    BSA
         Cd)
                                                                32 ITld)
                                                                2 (Tt>
                                                                32 (T10)
•*,c,d,e
  most severe was the Intestine (and mucus
  within one hr).  Eoslnooh1 11 a occurred
  after it hr exoosurc, and
  lymohocytethrombocyte  Irregularities
  occurred after 12 hr exoosure.   The
  authors suggest broader study of
  blood/natholoqy as a means  for developing
  a Hater pollution classification simitar
  to those used In mammalian  toxicology.

f         Ephenerella (mayfly)  Mas the most Narnlck,  et
  sensitive aquatic Insect of  those         al(196.
                                                     •HIC-3767

                                                     Marnlck. et
                                                     al(1969),
                                                     •HIC-3767

-------
         Cadvlua
                              »los»
                              paeudo.
                              harangua
                                            FL
         Cadaltw
 I
VJl
          Cadalua
         Cadalua
         Cadalua
         Cadalua
                               Coregonus     FL
                               artedli
                               Coregonus     FL
                               clupeaforals'
                               Coregonus     FL
                               hoy I
                               Prosoolua     FL
                               cylIndraeeu*
                              Salvellnus    FL
                              naaaycush
                                            FL
                                            FL
                                            FL
                              aordax
                              Carass1us
                              auratus
                              Notrepls
                              hudsenlus
Great Lakes
- Superior.
Michigan,
•nd
                                                                0.00006
 Great  Lakes
 - Superior,
 Nlchlqan,
 and Frle

 Great  Lakes
 - Suoerlor.
 Michigan,
 •nd Erie

 Great  Lakes
 - Suo«rlort
 Michigan,
 •nd Erie

 Great  Lakes
 • Suoerjort
 Mlch_lqant
 and Erie

 Great  Lakes
 - Superior,
 Michigan,
 and Erie
                                                                0.0016(resldue) —
                                                                O.OOOZtresldue)  —
                                                                O.OOOS(resldue)
                                                               O.OOOklreslduel —
                                                               0.003(residue)  —
                                   Trace  element content  of  fish
                           Iron Lakes Superior, Michigan, and  Erie
                           Mas deternlned by  activation analysis.
                           Whole body ana Iiver residues  Here
                           deternlned.  Concentrations varied  Mlth
                           species and  lake.  . Other  etenents found
                           were!  antlnony  -  5 to  100 Don, bartun -
                           0.2 Don, cesium  -  3 opb,  lanthanu*  — 1 to
                           20 pob, nercury  -  10 ppb, rhenlua - 0.9
                           to 5 pob, rubldlu* - 0.06 to 6 DO*,
                           scandlua - 2 cob,  selenlua - 0.1  to 2
                           OOb, silver -  0.001 oob.

                                  saae as above
 Lucas,  et  ml
 (1970),
  M1IC-3T78
Great Lakes  0.00007
- Superior,  realdu*)
Michigan, and
Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Nlchlqan,
and Frle

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
             O.OOlUresldue)
O.OOOllfesldue)  —
                                                                                                  sane  as abova
                                                                                                 saae  as  above
                                                                                                 saae as above
                                                                                                 sa«e as above
                                                                                                 saae as above
                                                                                                 saae as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                     Lucas, et at
                                                                     I19TOI,
                                                                     *MIC-3778
                                                                     Lucas, et al

                                                                     •MIC-J778


                                                                     Lucas, et al

                                                                     4MIC-3778
                                                                     Lucas, et at
                                                                     (14701,
                                                                     •WIC-3770
                                                                     Lucas, et al
                                                                     (1970).
                                                                     •NIC-377B
                                                                     Lucas, et al
                                                                     (19701,
                                                                     »HIC-3778
                                                                     Lucas, et al
                                                                     (1970),
                                                                     AHIC-3778
Lucas, et al
(1970).
AHIC-3778

-------
Comoound Organism
Cadmium Percoosls
omlscomaycus


Cadmium Roccus
chrysoos


Cadmium Perca
II avescens


Cmdmlum Stlrostedlon
Jt> wltreum
1 vl treum
O\
Cadmlu* Coregonus
clupeaformis

Field Field
Study Location
FL Great Lakes
- ^uoerior.
Hichl qan.
and Frle
FL Great Lakes
- Superior,
f ich I qan, and
Erie
FL Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchl qan.
and Erie
FL Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
FL Moose Lake,
Can.

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Inqredlenf, Controlled
Pom or Noted Comments
0.0001 (residue) — - same as above



0.000? (residue) — same as above



0. 0005 (residue) -- same as above



0.0002(resldue) -- same as above



0.05 (residue) -- Concentrations of 13 toxic
elements in dressed fish from heavily
Industrialized and non-industrialized
Reference
Lucas, et i
(1"70) ,
AMIC-3778

Lucas, et
(19701,
AHIC-3778

Lucas, et
(1970),
4MTC-377S

Lucas, et
(1970) ,
AMIC-3778

Uthe.et al
(1971) ,
AHIC-3819

al



al



al



at






Cad'Iui
Cadilui
Cadmium
Cadmium
                     Coregonus     FL
                     cluoeaforvis
                     Esox luclus   FL
                     Esox lucius   FL
                     Esox lucius   FL
Lake         0.05 (residue)
Ontario,
Can.

Moose Lake,  0.0? (residue)
Can.
                                         Lake St.     0.09  (residue)
                                         Pierre, Can.
                                         Lake Frle,   0.05  (residue)
                                         Can.
                                        areas were determined.  Only mercury
                                        exceeded regulatory limits, and
                                        concentrations of most elements Here
                                        essentially the same In fish from both
                                        areas.

                                               same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
Uthe.et al
(1971),
AMIC-3819

Uthe, et al
(1971) ,«>1IC-
3819

Uthe, et

»HrC-3819

Uthe, et al
11971),I
3819

-------
CadBlua
Cadalua
                     Osaerus       FL     Lake  frit,    0.16  (residue)
                     •ordex               Can.
Perca         FL     lake  Eric.    8.05  (residue)
fl*v«sc«ns           Can.
                      Paralabrax    FH    Scatterqood   3 (dorsal
                      clathratus           Steam Plant,  muscle
                                          Los Angeles»  residue)
                                          Cat.
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         same as above
Cadalua
Paralabrax    FH
Clathratus
Paralabrax    FH
clathratus
                                          Catallna      3  (dorsal
                                          Isl»nrtt Cat.  ousel*
                                                       residue)

                                          Seatterqood   k  (ventral
                                          Sf«»»  Plant,  Muscle
                                          Los Anqelest  residue)
                                                                    Fish collected  fro« an ettluent
                                                            ploe  of a  steao  olant and  fro» offshore
                                                            Maters of  Catatlna Island  Here analyzed
                                                            for trace  element content.  Trace element
                                                            content of  the effluent Hater Has at
                                                            least 5 times qreater than that of noraal
                                                            sea water  for cadmium,  corner, nlcHel,
                                                            zinc, and  chromium.  Livers of fish fro"
                                                            the effluent were nearly titlce the size
                                                            of those from the ocean.  Greatest
                                                            differences In concentration occurred
                                                            •1th  aluminum, cadmium, and nickel.
                                                            Silver, barium,  lithium, and lead Shooed
                                                            the leest  differences.  The author
                                                            concluded  that trace element analysis of
                                                            tissues could be used to determine the
                                                            effect of  pollutants on aarlne organises.

                                                                   same as above
Uthe, et
»L«l«Tl>,
AHIC-3819

Uthe. et
*L(147ll,
• HIC-3819

Staoleton
(1968).
»«IC-5988
                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                                                           Staoleton
•HIC-S980

Stuoteton
(1968),
»MIC-S980
Cadmlua
Cadalua
Cadalua
CadBlua
Paralabrax    FH    Catallna     ? (ventral
etathratus          Island, Cal. Muscle
                                 residue)

Paralabrax    FH    Scattergood  10 (gonads
clathratus          Straa Plant, residue)
                    Los Anqeles,
                    Cal.

Paralabrax    FH    Catallna     6 (qonads
clathratus          Island, cat. residue)
Paralabrax    FH    Catallna     3
clathratus          Island, Cal. (gonads
(gravid                          residue)
feaales)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        same as above
Staoletoo
(19681,
•HIC-9989

Staeleton
(1968),
»MIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
»MIC-S980

Staeteton
(1968),
•HIC-S988

-------
SJI
CD
           Coaoound
         Cadalua
         Cadalua
         Cadalua
         Cadvlua
         Cadalua
         Cadalua
         Cadnlua
         Calclua chloride
Organise,
Paralabrax
elathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
el athratus
Paralabrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
cl athratus
Paral abrax
elathratus
Paral abrax
elathratus
Lepoals
•acrochlrus
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient.
Study Location Ppa
FH Seatterqood 11 (liver
Steaa PI ant • residua)
Los Anqeles,
Cal.
FM Catal Ina 2t (1 Iver
Tslandt Cal. residua)
FH Scattergood 6 (integuaent
Steaa Plant, residue)
Los Angel es«
Cal.
FH Catal Ina I (Integument
Island, Cal. residue)
FH Scattergood .
*HIC-59»8
— sane as above Staateton
(19f.»),
»Hic-5g»o
sane as above Staoleton
(1966),
•MIC-5980
— sa*e as above Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5980
sa»e as above Staoleton
(19681,
•HIC-598D
-- saae as above Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5980
saae as above Staoleton
(19681,
AHIC-S980
a«,e» and This study xas conducted to Patrick, at
aynthetle determine the relative toxlcltles of ?0 al (1968).
dilution coamon constituents of Industrial wastes AHIC-5720
water to a fish, an alaa, and an Invertebrate.
                                                                                          The experiments were conducted over a
                                                                                          10-year period for varied purposes.  The
                                                                                          authors recoaaend bloassays with at least
                                                                                          three eoaoonents of the food neb.

-------
Catclun chloride
Nltzschla
linear Is
Calclu*) hypochlorlte  Phormldlum
 (as  CD               amblguua
                                    BS»,
                                    L
                                    L      —
3,130 (T5)
a*,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water
                                                                                         sa»e as above
                                                       0.5>tO.O (NTE1  —
         oxide  (olu*
SulfurIc acid)
Ictalurus
punctatus
                                    •      •»«
?*,200-30,*00
IK?. 5-9 PPX
001
a'.c.e'
o
Calcium oxide (plus  Ictalurus     L
Sulfur 1C acid)       punctatus
Calclua sulfata
                     Lepovls
                     •acrochlrus
              BS*.
              L
                                 367-509(67
                                 percent K
                                 2?-2«, 5-9 ppm
                                 DOI

                                 2,980 (Tbl
                                                                         ,c,e*,f,
                a«,e,  and
                synthetic
                dilution
                Water
                                                     Patrick, et
                                                     al (1968).
                                                     mC-5720
                   Of 7i> chemicals evaluated as      Otto  (19701,
           alqlcldes, only 9 were more toxic than    AMTC-892
           CuSnfc.  None  Inhibited growth of
           nat-fornlng alcae for more than 2 weeks.
           CuSOU formulated Kith certain Netting
           aqents was more toxic th^n CuSO<» alone*
           Coooer ch I or-anlne was also found to be
           more toxic than CuSOi*.  No Netting aqents
           were found to be Inhibitory at the
           concentrations Investloated 10.05 and
           0.005 ppi»» .  Also reported are factors
           affecting growth of alqae In canals to
           determine whether there were leads to
           controlling alcae t>v environmental
           management.  No practical environmental
           means were found.

                   Large and small catfish Here      Sparks, et
           subjected to a neutral synthetic Maste    al (1969),
           aonroxlmatIng that being dumped py the    AMIC-5902
           Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant into the
           Kansas River.  There were no apparent
           differences between the resoonses of the
           large end small  fish.  Fish In the
           neutral  mixture swam continuously with
           particles of the mixture clinging to the
           mucus of the skin.  Also,  the  mucus
           stripped away In places,  and stranos of
           mucus extended from the gills.   The
           degree of  coating of the skin,  stripping
           of  the mucus,  and mortality depended on
           the amcunt of  solids Kept  In suspension
           by  aeration.

                  same as above                      Sparks,  et
                                                     all 1969),
                                                     4NIC-590?
                   This study was conducted to
           determine the relative toxlcltles of 20
           common constituents of Industrial wastes
           to a fish, an alga, and an Invertebrate.
           The experiments were conducted over a
           10-year period for varied purposes.  The
           authors recommend bloassays with at least
           three components of the food web.
                                                     Patrick,  et
                                                     at  (1968),
                                                     AHTC-57ZO

-------
  Coaoound
Calclua sulfate
Calciu*
Organism.
Mltzschla
line arts
Paralabrax
Clathratus
Fiald
Study
BS«,
L
FH
Field
Location
—
Scatfergood
Staa* Plant,
Los Angelas,
Toxieity,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppa
3,308 (T5>
7Z8 (dorsal
muscle
residue)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
a,*, a, and
synthetic
dilution
water
oioe of
waters
Comments
seme as above
Fish collected from an effluent
a steam plant and from offshore
of Catalina Island Here analyzed
Reference
Patrick, at
al (1966).
•MIC-5720
Staoleton
(1968),
ANIC-S9.80
                                         Gal.
Calclua
 Calclua
Calcium
Catclua
Cafclua
                     Paralanrax
                     elathratus
                     Paralahrax
                     Clathratus
                     Paralabraic
                     elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     Clathratus
                     Paralaprax
                     elathratus
                                   FH
                                   FM
                                   FH
                                   FN
PH
Catalina     «67 (dorsal
Island, Cal. auscle
             residue!

Scattergood  1020 (ventral
Steam Plant, museI*
Loskngetes,  residue)
Cal.

Catalina     5*3 (ventral
Island, Cal. muscle
             residue)

Scattarqood  (53 (gonads
Steam Plant, residue)
los »nqa\%$,
Cal.

Catalina     565 (gonads
I*l«nd, C«l.
                                              for  trace  element  content.  Trace element
                                              content  of  the effluent  Mater Has at
                                              least  5  times greater  than that of normal
                                              sea  water  for cadmium, cooper, nickel<
                                              Zinc,  and  chronluff.  Livers of fish from
                                              the  effluent Mere  nearly tulce the size
                                              of those from the  ocean. Greatest
                                              differences In concentration occurred
                                              Hlth aluminum, cadoilu*.  and nlcKel.
                                              Silver,  barium,  lithium, and lead shooed
                                              the  least  differences.   The author
                                              concluded  that trac* aleaent analysis  of
                                              tissues  could be usad  to determine the
                                              effect of  pollutants on  marina organisms.

                                                     save as abova
                                                     same as abova
                                                     saaa as abova
                                                     same as abova
                                                     same as abova
Staoleton
(1968>,
•HIC-5980

Staolefon
(196BI ,
•HtC-5980
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (196M,
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (19661,
                                                                                        AHIC-5980
                                                                                        Staoleton
                                                                                        (196»),
                                                                                        tmc-sm

-------
Calclua
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium
Calctun
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium
GanaI bank
•••dHlller
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     (gravid
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                      Paralabrax
                      elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                      Paralabrax
                      elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     el athratus
                     Paralabrax
                     elathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                                   rn
                                   FM
                                   FH
                                   FH
                                   FM
                                   FM
                                   FH
                                   FM
Rasbora       BCFA
hataroaorpha  and
              BSA
                    Catallna     550  (qonads
                    Island. Cat. residua)
                    Scatterqood  155  (liver
                    Steaa Plant, residual
                    Los Angeles,
                    Cat.

                    Catallna     Z65  (liver
                    Island. Cat. residue)
                    Scatterqood  1158
                    Steam Plant. (Integument
                    Los Angeles, residue)
                    Cal.
                    Catallna
                    Island. Cal.  (Integument
                                 residue)

                    Scatterqood   380  (heart
                    Steam Plant, residual
                    Los Anqeles.
                    Cal.

                    Catallna     tBO  (heart
                    Island. Cal. residue)
                    Scattergood  19.000 (eyeball
                    Steaa Plant, residue)
                    Los Anqeles,
                    Cal.
                    Catallna
                    Island. C
?6,200(evebatl   —
residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as abova
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        same as abova
                                                                                        same as abova
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        saae as abova
                                                                                        same as above
                                                      610 (T2)
                a*,c,e,»,
                hard(HH)
                or soft
                (SM)
                synthetic
                dilution
                water, or
                seawater
                for some
                species
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, nettlno agents, and
mlsce I laneous Mater oollutants showed a
Hide range of toxiclty soanning 12 orders
of magnitude*  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage ot all comoonents of a
femulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxiclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were moS't toxic In hard water
and sometimes.the opeoslta was true.
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     11968) .
                                                                     AMIC-5980
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968).
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968).
                                                                     AMIC-S980

                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMrC-5989
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-5980

                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (196M,
                                                                     AMIC-5980
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMTC-S988

                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AMIC-5980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-5980

Alabaster
(1969),

-------
            Compound
                                Organism
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlclty.
Active
Ingr«di«nt(
Ppm
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Conments
Reference
         Caotan
          Captan
                     Fish loot
                     specified)
                     Brachydanlo
                     rerle
                     (larvae!
                                            *     J><>
                                                                greater  than
                                                                8.1-1.0  
-------
          Cartoaryl
                               (1.37 ql
Salao Clark I
11.30 9)
                                             BCF»  —
                                                                t.2 mi
          Cartarvt
          Carbaryl
                               Satno         8CF»
                               qalrdnerl
                               II.ZV 9}
Oncorhyncnus  SCFA
klsuter  <.*>0
                                                                1.1.7
                                                                1.3
U)
          Carbaryl
                               ictalurus
                               punctatus
                                             BS»
                                                                15.80 (U)
         Carbaryl
Tctalurus
•etas
                                             BS»   —
                                                                20.00 (Tl>)
e.f.I.o,
aulfato,
copper,
manganese,
Iron, and
chroralun

»*»c,*,
e,r,l,o,
aulTate,
coppor,
manganese,
Iron, and
chromium
                                                                                                  saa* as above
                                                                                                  saa* as abov*
                                                                                                  sa«e as above
                                                                                                                                      I1971J.AHIC-
                                                                                                                                      181Z
                                                                                                                                      Post,  et  al
                                                                                                                                      (1971),»H1C-
                                                                                                                                      1813
                                                                                                       Post, et al
                                                                                                       (197D,
                                                                                                       AMIC-1812
                                                                                                                                     Post, et al
                                                                                                                                     (1971),
                                                                                                                                     AM.IG-181Z
oulTato,
copper,
nanganaae,
Iron, and
chromium

a»,c,d,
•,f,l,o,
3ulfat«,
coppor,
manganese,
Iron, and
chromium

a(                 orqanochior |n« insecticides were  MaceKtet al
synthetic  the "lost toxic co*Dounds,                 <197C)«
test Hater orqanoohosofiates lnte>-n*d late, carbanates AMIC-S510
           the I *ast toxic.  Brown trout MSS the
           soeclrs most su^ceotlble TO
           orqanochlorlnesi coho salmon the most
           susceptible to carbamat rs( and goldfish
           were tb* least susceotlble ol all
           soecles.  Safe concentrations established
           bv bioassavs tilth sal nonld* or
           centrarcMds wouM  likely be safe for
           cyorlnlds and ictalurlds.  *>aT» levels
           for Ictalurlds or cyorinlds xould
           probably be hazardous for centrarchtds
           and salnonlds.  The use of qoldflsh In
           blo»ssavs Has discouraged.
                                                                                                  sa*e as above
                                                                                synthetic
                                                                                test Mater
                                                     MaceK, etal
                                                     (1970).
                                                     •MIC-5510

-------
Compound
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbaryl
Carbon dioxide
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Carasslus BSA —
auratus
Cyprlnus BSA
carpi o
Plmrphales BSA
prove las
Lepomls BSA —
macrochlrus
Lepomls BSA
mlcroloohus
Hlcropterus BSA
sal noliles
Sat no BSA
galrdnerl
Salmo trutta BSA —
Oncorhynchus BSA —
Klsuten
Perca BSA —
f lavescens
Salmo BSA —
galrdnerl
(yearling)
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
13.20 (TV)
5.?S (TV)
1V.60 (TV)
6.76 (TV)
11. ZO (TV)
6.VO (TV)
V.3V (TV)
1.95 (TV)
0.76 (TV)
0.75 (TV)
35 (SRI)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a,
synthetic
testnater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test water
a, c, bi-
carbon-
ate, and
total
aollds
saae as above
same as above
saae as above
same as above
same as above
sane as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Bicarbonate In blood serum of
brook trout rose to 5 times greater than
that of contra Increase Mas slow, being
half complete at 6 hr. Sodium and
Inorganic phosphate Mare not affected,
but serua chloride Increased. The
Reference
Macek.et al
(1970),
AMIC-5510
Macek, et
al(1970).
AMIC-5510
Macek.et al
AMIC-5510
Macek.et at
(1970),
AMIC-5519
Macek.et al
119701 .
AMIC-5510
Macek.et al
AMIC-5510
Macek, etal
AM.IC-5510
Macek, et
at (1970),
AMIC-5510
Macek.et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-5510
Macek. etal
(1970),
AMIC-5510
Lloyd, et al
(1967),
AMIC-*7?1

-------
          Carbophenoth 1 on
                               Rasbora       BCF»
                               heteromorpha  and
                                             BS»
                                                                    ITZ»
          Carbyne
                               Rasbora      - BCFA
                               heteromoroha  and
                                             8S»
                                                                0.9 ITZI
vn
                a*,c,e,f,
                hard  (HH)
                or
                SOFT(SW)
                synthetic
                dilution
                water, or
                s*awater
                for soaa
                species
                a»,c,e,f,
                bard (HW)
                or soft
                (SW; syn-
                thetic
                water, or
                sea, water
                for sone
                species
            authors note that the data Indicate an
            environmental stress not related to
            problems of osmotic adaptation.

                    One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
            pesticides, wettlnq aqents. and           (1969),
            Miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AHIC—5
            Hide range of toxlcltv spanning 12 orders
            of maanltude.  KnoMlnq the toxlelty and
            percentaae of all components of a
            femulation did not result In easy
            predictability of the toxlclty of a
            mixture of Materials.  Soaetlnes
            pesticides «*re nost toxic in hard Hater
            and soaetlmes the opposite Mas true.
            Testing the actual  aaterlal as sold was
            found to be essential.
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                      Alabaster
                                                      (1969).
                                                      •NIC-S12S
         Carbyne
                               Rasbor*       BCF*
                               heteronorpha   and
                                             BS*
                                                                l.k
         Carbyne
                              Asterlas      BSA
                              rubens
J.3-10 (K 1
HRI
         Carbyne
                              Cardluin edule BSA   —
                                                               100
a*,c,e,f,
hard (KM)
or  soft
13W) sjn-
thetlo
dilution
water, or
•eawater
for some
species

a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation,  sea-
water,  and
dally
solution
renewal)
               c»(contin-
               uous aor-
                                                                                                  saae  as above
                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                     (1969).
        One hundred-forty surface active
aqents. solvent enulslflers. pesticides.
polych1 orInated biphenyls. pure
inorqanic. and organic chemicals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms.  The authors noted that aost
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.

       same as above
Portmann. at
al (1971),
AHIC-7781
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (1971),

-------
Compound





Carbyne






Casol





Casol


Casol

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organise Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments
ction, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
Crangon BS* ~ 3.3-10 (T2) a*(cont*n- sa»e as above
crangon uous aer_
atlon, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal)
Plmephales BSA — 12.0  (HSC) c,d,«, f same as above
cromelas

Biochemical L -- 610,000 c,d,e,f same as above
oxygen demand
Reference
AMIC-77B1




Portmann, et
al (197.1),
AHIC-7701




Zllllch
1 1 QftQl .
\ 1 7OT I ,
AHIC-Z909




711 llch
(19b9»,»1IC-
2999
711 llch
(1969),
Casoron G
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteronorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                      100 (TZ)
a»,c,o,f,
hard (KW;
or soft
ISW) syn-
the tic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for sorre
species
        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, Mettlnq aoents, and           (1969),
nlscel laneous Hater oollutants showed a   AMIC-51.75
Hide ranae of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
of Magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability 'of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the ooposlte was true.
Testing the actual •aterlal as sold was
found to be essential.

-------
Casoron 133
                      Rasbora
                      heteroaorpha
BCTA
and
BSA
                                                       13 tTZ)
Casoron
                      Horone
                      saxatltls
                      (fInqerlInqs)
                                    BSA   —
                                                       6,208 (Tit)
Casoron
                      Cardlua edule BSA   —
                                                       qreater than
                                                       100 (T2)
Casoron
                     Cranqon
                     crangon
                                    BS*   —
                                                       3.3-10 
a*,c,e,f,         same as above                       Alabaster
hard  (HtO                                             (1969),
or                                                    AHIC-5«?%
SOFTfSH)
synthetic
dilution
Mater, or
seaNater
for some
spec las

a,c,d,e,f.         All compounds were  Investigated    Ncltborn
D          because of their probable usaqe  In         (1971),
           hatchery production of Mhite bass.          AHIC-5571
           Compounds that can be used  at recommended
           concentrations Here Bquathol, Casaron,
           I. Ind^ne, and Terramycln concentrate.
           Those  that should not be used Mere
           Acrlflavlne, Rayluseldv, Halachlte qreen
           oxalate, and Malathion.

ao-(coritin-         One hundred-forty surface active   Portaann, et
uous aer-  aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,   al  (1971),
ation, aea.-nolychlorlnated blphenyls,  pure            AHIC-7701
water, and Inorqanlc, and organic chenlcals were
daily      evaluated aqainst as many as ten narlne
solution   organisms.  The authors noted that Host
renewal)    published data of this type deal with
           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
           organisms.
                                   «•( contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea.
                                   water, and
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                     Portmann, «t
                                                     al C197U.
                                                     AHIC-7701
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Cd CIZ . 2.9 HZO  (ax Crangon       BSA
Cd Z plus!           seotemsplnosa
                                                       0.3Z(T<>)
                                   a«,c,e,
                                   SSH
                                                      Although data cited
                                                                                                                      en at Elsler
                                                                                  70  C and 2.0  percent salinity,  varying
                                                                                  temperature and  salinity  Mere also
                                                                                  studied.  Hlqher temperature (20  C)  and
                                                                                  IOMer salinity  (5.0  oercenf)  resulted  In
                                                                                  greater susceptibility  of nuininlchoqs to
                                                                                  cadmiuir.  TL  sub 25, TL sub 50, and  TL
                                                                                  sub 7*> for 2
-------
CD
Com oun«
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H2t
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H2D
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . 2.5 H24
Cd 2 plus)
Cd CI2 . ?.5 H20
Cd 2 plus)
Field Field
Orqunlsa Study Location
(as Fundulus BSA —
h« tercel Itus
(as Paqurus BSA —
lonqlcarpus
(as Palaeaonetes BSA —
vu 1 gar 1 s
(as Asterlas BSA —
forbesl
(as My a arenarla BSA —
(as Carclnus BSA —
aaenus
(as Urosalolnx BSA —
elnerea
(as Fundulus BSA —
(as Hytllus BSA
edutis
(as Cyprlnodon BSA —
varlegatus
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
55. 0 (Tl.)
0.32 (Tl.)
0.1.2 (Tl.)
0.82 (T<>)
2.2 (Tl.)
fc.l (Tl.)
6.6 (Tl.)
21.0 (Tit)
25.0 (Tl>>
50.0 (Tl,)
Experiaental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
a'.c.e,
SSM
a»,c,e,
SSH
a»,c,e,
SSH
SSM
a»,c,e,
SSM
a*,c,e,
SSM
a*,c,e,
SSM
a»,c,e,
SSM
a*,c,e,
SSM
a",e,e,
SSM
Comments
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
sane as above
Reference
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
A1IC-1621
ElsJer
(11711,
AMIC-1621
Elsler
AMIC-1621
Elsler
11971) ,
AMIC-16?!
Elsler
(1971).
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621
(1971),
AMIC-1621
Elsler
(1971),
AMIC-1621

-------
Cd CI2  . 2.5  H2«  (•«  Nasser 1us
Cd 2 Plus)            obsoletus
                                    BS*   —
Cd CI2  .  2.*  HZO  (M  Nereis  vlrens BSA
Cd 2  Plus)
Chevron Ml-fl
                      Steel head
                      trout
                      tfIngerlInqs)
                                    BS*   —
                                  ID.5  (Tl>)
                                                       11.0(11.)
                                                       3.2 mi
                                                  a'.C.C,
                                                  SSH
                                                 a*,Cte,
                                                 SSM
Charron KI-O
Chloral hydrate
Coho aalnon   BSA.   Hood Canal
(flngerllAga) in  .  Hoodaport,
              •Itu  Wash.

Negaprlon.    BSA   —
brevlrostrls
11-3 Kg)
                                                      0.001 (K)
                                                       300  (SB  1  hr>
CM or iaIn*
                     Caaaaru«
                     p««udo-
                                   BCF
                                                       0.22  (T<»)
                                                 a»,c,d,e.
                                                 f,r»,a
CMeraaln*
CMoraaln*
Plaephalas    BCF
prone I as
                     Daphnla aaqna BCF
ChloraBphenlcol      Kercanarla    L     —
0.15 (T3)
0.09-0.15  (TV)
                                                      0.001  (K 3-9)
                                                      TI..S  »T2>
a«,o,d,e,
                                                 (O.o.d.e,
                                                 f.wt.a
                                                                    saa«  as  above
                                                                    sa»«  as above
                                                                     Elsler
                                                                      (1971),
                                                                     »MIC-162l
                                   Evaluation of 11 oil dlsoersants
                           resulted In a ranking for each and a
                           recommendation for use according to the
                           ranking.  Banking Has based on toxlclty
                           and oil dispersal effectiveness.  Corexit
                           776U appeared to have the least toxlclty
                           nlth fair to good oil dispersion
                           capablllty.

                                  sane aa above
                                                                                                      Tracy,  *t
                                                                                                      at(1969),
                                   Data from study of druq effects
                           on young lemon sharks were treated
                           mathematically to demonstrate
                           apollcablllty of classical rate theory to
                           the study of chemical shark deterrents.
                           Tncaoacltat Ion (narcosis) Has the orl»ary
                           parameter timed for effectiveness.  This
                           •as usually quite rapid for the more
                           effective druqs*

                                   Chloranlne toxlclty Mas very
                           carefully studied uslnq Height reduction
                           and reoroductlon over 15 to ?1 Heek
                           exoosure periods.  Loss of Height and
                           ability to reproduce were observed at
                           concentrations less than that observed
                           for toxlclty.  The loHest chloramlne
                           concentration having no significant
                           effect was less than 3.d pob for Gammarus
                           and 0.017 ppb for the fathead minnon.

                                  same as above
                                                     Tracy, et al
                                                     (1969),
                                                     AMIC-383U

                                                     Baldrldoed?
                                                     69).
                                                     •MIC-3$3>
                                                     Arthur, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     attIC-3?90
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                         The effect of 52 pesticides on
Arthur, et
al (1971).
AMIC-3299

Arthur, et

AMTC- 3290

Davis, et al

-------
  Compound
                       OrqanlSB
              Field  Flaltf
              Study Location
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pen
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
                     •ercenarla
                     (egqs)
Ctilora'ohenlcol
C.ttloraaoh«n(col
Mercenarla
•ercenarla
(larva*!

Phornldlu*
anblguua
                                                      SO.O  (Tl?)
                                                      0.5-10.0  (NTE)  —
CM or ax
                      Sal BO
                      galrdncrl
              BCFA
              •nd
              BS»
                                                       1,800  (T?)
                 a«,c,e,f.
                 hard  (KW)
                 or soft
                 (3W)  syn-
                 thetic
                 dilution
                 water, or
                 •eawator
                 for some
                 spaeies
                                                            etrbryonle development of clams and
                                                            oysters «as reported.  Synerolstlc        (1969), AHIC-
                                                            effects Mlth solvents Here also reoorted* 5990
                                                             Most of the -compounds affected
                                                            development more than survival*  Sone,
                                                            however, drastically reduced larval
                                                            growth.  The authors oolnt out the
                                                            necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                            pesticides on all life staqes of an
                                                            organism and note the oossiblllty of
                                                            selecting chemicals  for oest control that
                                                            Mould not have serious effect on
                                                            shellf ish.
                                                                                        same  as above
                   Of 7<» chemicals evaluated as
           alqlcidest only <5 Here more  toxic than
           CuSO"t.  None  Inhibited growth  of
           mat-tormina alqa? for more than ? weeks.
           CuSni*  formulated nith certain  wettlnq
           aqents  was more toxic than CuSO,
                                                                        AMIC-892
Alabaster
(19691,

-------
Ch Ionian*
CM or dan*
                     Nhlt* sucker  FRL    Misc.  stares  0.13-0.1.1,
                                                       residue  (SB)
                     Mhlt* perch   FRL    HIsc.  states
                                                       1.7?  residue
                                                       (SB)
                                                            Testlnq the  actual  material  as sold  was
                                                            found  to be  essential.

                                                                     The  Bureau  of Sport  Fisheries
                                                            continued Its  fish  monitoring  orogram by
                                                            collectlnq li»7  composite  fish  samples
                                                            from 50 nationwide  monitoring  stations
                                                            during the fall of  1969.   Fish were
                                                            analyzed for residues of  11
                                                            organochlorlne  Insectlcidest  llplds,  and
                                                            PCB-s.

                                                                    same  as  above
Henderson,et
al  (1971),
• NIC-i*or
                                                                                                       Henderson.
                                                                                                       et  al (19M),
                                                                                                       AMIC-1U07
CMordan*
                     Largemouth
                     bass
                                   FRL    Misc.  states
                                 0.95 residua
                                 (SB)
                                                                                         same as above
Henderson,
etal  (1971),
»MIC-l
-------
Compound
Organism
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppa
Experiment*)
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
Comments Reference
Chtordan*
                     Lepomls
                     evanellus
                     (Resistant)
                                   BS»   —
                                 3.2B IT2»
                                                                                  1*07

                                                Green sunflsh  from Betzonl, Miss.  HIncheM,  et
                                        were resistant to CMordane,  Meptaehtor,   al(1970),
                                        Llndane, and  Strobane.  but not  to          «NIC-5*71
                                        Parathlon.  Golden shiners fro" the sane
                                        location were resistant to Llndane and
                                        Strobane,  tolerant to  CMordane and
                                        Heptachtor, and susceptible to  ParatMon.
                                         Lack  of resistance to  Parathlon
                                        Indicated lack ot  agricultural  usage  of
                                        orqanochosphates In that  area.   Resistant
                                        fish oere compared to  susceptible ones
                                        collected at  StarKvIlle.
Chiordan*
                     Lepomls
                     eyanellus
                     (Susceptible)
                                   as*    —
                                 B.09  (T2)
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                      MlncheM, et
                                                                                                      al(1970>t
                                                                                                      4NIC-5UT1
CMordane
Chiordan*
Chiordene
Notemlaonus
crysoleucas
(Resistant)

Notemlgonus
crysoleuces
(Susceptible)

Palaemonetes
Kadlfthensls
(resistant!
                                   BS*    —
                                   BSA    ~
                                   BS»
                                                       2.33  (TZ)
                                                            (T2I
                                                      0.0779-0.33*
CMordane
Copapeda
I Cyclop a
blcuspldus
Cyclops
varicans,
Buerelopa
                                   FL
                                   and
                                   BSA
State
Colleqe.niss
                                                       0.30  (KZ)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                                    et
                                                                                                                           al
                                                                                                                           • HIC-51,71
                                           HlncheM,
                                           eta)  (1970),
                                         '  AHIC-SI.T1

        Bloassays Mere conducted Mlth     Naavl, et  al
       from three areas of Intensive      (1970),
pesticide use and fro" an unexoosed area. AMIC-SS19
 Previously exposed shrimp Mere from 1 to
?5 times more resistant than unexposed
shrimp.  Both types of shrimp Mere also
exposed In caqes to Maters of the
contaminated areas.  Susceptible shrimp
suffered 6f> percent more mortality Than
did resistant shrimp.  The toxlclty ot
the Insecticides ranked In descending
order Mas as follOMs!  most toxic,
Endrln, DOT, Methyl oaratnlon, Parithloni
medium toxlclty, Guthlon, Llndane,
Toxaohene, Strobanet lease toxic
CMordane, Sevln, and Heptachlor.

         The response of                    Nagvl, et  at
 pe^t lcl
-------
Cnlordane
 Cnlordane
 CMer««
Chlorfenvlnphos
Cnforfenvlnphos
                     •gills.
                     Macro cyclops.
                     albldus,
                     Orthocyclops
                     oodeatus)
Cooepods
ICvcloos
blcusoldus*
Cyiloes
varlcans.
Cyclone
vernal is,
Eucyelops
•Sills,
Hacrocycloos
atbldus,
Orthoeycloos
•onestus)

TubI fax
tubIfex
                                   FL
                                   and
                                   BSA
                     Betzonl,
                     Hiss
                                                       B.30  I96p*reent
                                   Ft
                                   and
                    8*lzenli
                    Hiss.
Salao         BCFA   —
galrdnerl     and
              BSA
                                                      1.50  25
                                                                                 wide range of  toxlcity  soannlng 1? orders
                                                                                 of  magnitude*   Knowing  the  toxlcity and
                                                                                 percentage of  all  eonoonents of a
                                                                                 formulation  did not  result  In easy
                                                                                 predictability of  the toxlcity of  a
                                                                                 •Ixture  of materials.   Sometimes
                                                                                 pesticides were most toxic  In hard Hater
                                                                                 and sometimes  the  opooslte  Has true.
                                                                                 Testing  the  actual material  as sold MBS
                                                                                 found  to be  essential.
                                                                                       save  as  above
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
                                                                                       same  as above
                                                                                                     Alabaster
                                                                                                     <19691,AHIC-

-------
Chlorine
. Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
ind Organise) Study Location Pom
t Plmephales BSA Grand River, 0.07-0.15 (Tl>)
cromelas (ML) Wyoming,
Experimental
Vviahtes,
Control led
or Noted Comments
synthetic
dilution
Mater, or
seawater
tor SOB*
species
-- The Indicated toxic levels of
chloride occurred In S.8
-------
        ChlortMaald
                             Rasbora
                             heteromorpha
              BCF»
              and
              8SA
                                                              30 ITZI
        Chroaates  (as
        chroalua)
Aqonus
cataohractus
                                           •BSA   —
                                                              33-100 
-------
   Comoound
                        Organism
                                    Field  Field
                                    Study Location
             Toxlclty,
             Active
             Ingredient,
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           deference
 Chromic  chloride (as  Aeronmurla
 Cr»
 Chromic  chloride  las  Ephemerella
 Crl
 Chromic chloride  las Hydroosyche
 Crl
Chromium  trloxlde    Phormldlum
(»« Crl              ambiguum
                                    BS»    ~
                                   L      —
                                                       SZ (T7)
                                                       2 IT»>
                                                          m>
                             a*,c,d,e,f        same as above
                                                       0.5-10.0  (NTE)  —
Chromium
                     llosa
                     paoudo-
                                   FL
Creat Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie
                                                      1.1 (residue)
•*,c,d,e,f         Eohemerella (mayfly) Mas the most NarnicK,  «t
           sensitive aauatlc Insect of those
           studied, and cooper the most broadly
           toxic metal.  The authors suggest that
           aquatic Insects may not be as sensitive
           to heavy metals as fish.

a>.c,d,e,f        same as above                      Varnlck,  et
                                                     •1(1964),
                                                     »HIC-3767

                                                     Warnlck,  et
                                                     •1(1969),
                                                     •NIC-3767

                   Of 7  ppb,  rubidium  -  0.06 to  6 pom,
           scandlun -  2  ppb, selenium  -  0.1 to 2
           OOb,  silver -.0.001 pob.

-------
Chroalue.
Chromium
Chroalu*
Notropls      Fl    Great Lakes  5.5
hudsonlus           - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie

PereoDsls     FL    Great Lakes  ?.Mresldue)
omlscomaycus        - Superior,
                    Mlchioan,
                    and Erie

Coregonus     FL    Moos* Lake,  0.03 (res)<1ue)
ctupeatornls        Can.
 Chromium
 Chromium:
  Chromium
  Chromium
  Chromium
  Chromium
  Chroalum
                      Coregonus     FL
                      elupeaforals
                      Esox locius   FL
                       Esox  luclus   FL
                       Esox luclus   FL
                       Osmerus       FL
                       •ordax
                       Perca         FL
                       flaveseens
                       Paralabrax    FH
                       clathratus
                     Lake         0.03 (residue)
                     Ontarl».
                     Can.

                     tjoose Lake,  0.04 (residue)
                     Can.
                                           Lake St.     0.03  (residue1)
                                           Pierr*, Can.
                                           LaKe Erie,   0.03 (residue)
                                           Can.
                      Lake Erie,   0.03 (residue)
                      Can.
                       Lake Erie,   0.07  (residue)
                       Can.
                       Scattergood  1.3  (dorsal
                       Steam Plant, Muscle
                       Los Angeles, residue)
                       Cat.
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                         Concentrations of 13 toxic
                                                                                 elements In dressed fish from heavily
                                                                                 Industrialized and non-IndustrialIzed
                                                                                 areas Mere determined.  Only aercury
                                                                                 exceeded regulatory Units, and
                                                                                 concentrations of aost elements  Mere
                                                                                 essentially the saae  In  fish fro* both
                                                                                 areas.

                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          sane as above
                                        Lucas, et al
                                        (1970),
                                        •HIC-J77B
                                        Lucas, et al
                                        (1970J,
                                        AHIC-J778
                                        Uthe, et
                                        •LdPTl),
                                        1HIC-J819
                                         Uthe,  etal
                                         (1971),
                                         »MIC-3»19

                                         Uthei  et al
                                         (1S71),A1IC-
                                         3819

                                         Uthe, et
                                         »L(197t),
                                         A1IC-3»19

                                         Uthe,  et al
                                         (t
-------
Coaoound
Chromium
Chro«lua
Cnro«lua
Cnroalue
ChroBlua)
Chroalue
Chroaiua
Chroaiua
OrqanlsB
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
cl athratus
Paralabrax
cl athratus
Parat abrax
clathratus
Paralabrax
clathratus
Flald
Study
FN
FH
FM
FN
FH
FM
FN
FH
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Ingredient, Controlled
Location Ppa or Noted Consents
Scattergood  (ventral — saae as above
St«ai» Plant, muscle
Los Angeles, residue)
Cal.
Catallna 1.% (ventral ~ - saae as above
Island, Cal. muscle
residue)
Scatterqood 2 (gonads -- saae as above
Steaa Plant, residue)
Los Angeles,
Reference
Stapleton
(1S68J,
AMIC-S98B
Staoleton
(1968) ,
ANIC-5950
Staoleton
(1961),
ANIC-S9SO
Staoleton
(196M,
AHIC-S980
Staoteton
(1968),
AMIC-S980
S tao 1 eton
(1968),
AMIC-5989
Staoleton
(1«68),
ANIC-S980
Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-S988
cat.

-------
          Chroalua
          Ctiroaluo
          Cnroalua
                               Paralabrax    FH    Catallna      ?.3  (gonads
                               clathratus          Island, Cal.  residue)
Paralabrax    FH    Catallna      7.6
Clathratus          Island, Cal.  (qonads
(gravid                           residual
females)

Paralabrax    FH    Scattergood  1  (liver
clathratus          Steam  Plant,  residue)
                    Los  Angeles,
                    Cal.
>
          ChroBlua
          Cnroaiu*
           Citric ccld
                               Paralabrax     FH
                               clathratus
                                Paralabrax    FH
                                clathratus
                                Paralabrax    FH
                                clathratus
                     Catallra     1.5 (liver
                     Island,  Cal. residue)
Scattergood  1.9 (Integuaent —
Stean Plant, residue)
Los Angeles,
Cal.

Catallna     1.* (Integuaent —
Island, Cal. residue)
 Carclnus
 •aenas
                                              BS»   —
                                                                 160 CTZ)
           CI
                                Fundulus      BS»
                                heteroclitus
                                  o.ooom-o.ooi?
                                  (TO
           ct
                                Nereis vlrens BSA   —
                                  0.0003-0.0007
                                  
                                                                                                  saae  as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                                   sane  as above
                                                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                Stapleton

                                                                                ANIC-5981)

                                                                                Staoleton
                                                                                (196M,
                                                                                AMIC-59SH


                                                                                Staoleton

                                                                                AMIC-5980
                                                                                 Staoleton
                                                                                 (1968),
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1966),
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (196S),
                                                                                                      AMIC-S9M
                             a«lcontin-
                             uous eor
                    One  hundred-forty surface active Portaann, et
            aqents,  solvent enulsitl«rs, oestlcldes, al
ation, sea- oolychlorlnated blohenyls, oure
water, and  inorqanlc,  and organic cheivicats nere
daily       evaluated  against  as many as ten marine
solution    organisms.   The authors noted that most
renewal)    published  data of  this tyoe deal »ith
            toxlclty of  chemicals to  freshwater
            organises.
a*»c»e»            A laboratory procedure based on
and        Standard Methods for 96-hr toxlclty
synthetic  determinations of crude oil and
seanater   oll-dispersant mixtures Has described.
           The  dlspersants varied considerably in
           toxlclty, ranging from 0.01 to 7.1 ml/1,
           TLSO for 96  hr.  These did not differ
           significantly from  ZVO hr  values.  The
           dlsoersants  H«re designated as CX, no,
           CI,  00,  AO,  PC, MM, TN, BP, and  NA nlth
           no further  description of  their  chemical
           nature  or source.   Only a  fex bloassays
           Mere conducted Hith shrlmo.  HollusKs and
           echlnoderms  Here suggested as suitable
           test animals. The  authors stated  that
           the  method  could be used  to  test any
           product  for  toxlclty  In seawater.
                                                                                                                                      (1971),AHIC-
                                                                                                                                      7701
                                                                                  LaRoche, et
                                                                                  al (1970),
                                                                                  AMIC-'.'.S
                                                                                 a*,e,e,
                                                                                 and
                                                                                 synthetic
                                                                                 seawater
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                  LaRoche,et
                                                                                  al (1970),
                                                                                  ANIC-I.1.5

-------
Cleanoxol
Cleanosol
Clopnen A30
Toxlclty, Experimental
Activ* Variables,
Field Field InqredlenT, Controlled
Organism Study Location Pp« or Noted Comments
Cardlua edule BSA — 10-33 (T2) ao(eontln- One hundred-forty surface active
uoua aer- agents, solvent emulsi f lers, pesticides.
ation, sea-oolychlorlnated blphenyls, pure
water, and Inorganic, and organic chenlcats Mere
daily evaluated against as many as ten marine
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
renewal)" published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms*
Crangon BSA — 33-100 (TZ> a»(eontin- same as above
crengon uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
renewal )
Panda (us BSA — 33  a«(contin- same as above
montagul uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal }
Agonus BSA — greater than 10 a«(contin- One hundred-forty surface active
eataohractus (T2t uous acr- agents, solvent enulslfiers, pesticides.
ation, sea- polychlorlnated blphenyls, pure
Reference
Portmann, et
al (19711,
AMIC-7701






Portmann, et
al (1971).
ANIC-7701




Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701




Portmann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701
                                                                      water, and Inorganic, and organic chevlcals Here
                                                                      daily      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                                                                      solution   organisms*  The authors noted that most
                                                                      renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                                                                 toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                 organisms.
Cleohen A30
                     Cardlum edule BSA   —
                                                                      a«I contin-
                                                                      uous aer-
                                                                      ation, sea-
                                                                      water, end
                                                                      daily
                                                                      solution
                                                                      renewal)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                    Portmann,  et
                                                    al  (1971),
                                                    AMIC-7701
Clophen A30
                     Crane, on
                     crangon
                                   BSA   —
                                                      0.83-1.0  (T2>
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
                                                                                        same as above
Portmann, et
al (1971),
ANIC-7701

-------
                                                                       "dally
                                                                        solution
                                                                        renewal)
Clophen A60
Agonus
cataohractus
                                    BSA    —
                   greater  than ID  ae(contin-
                   (TZ)             uous aer-
                                    ation, sea-
                                    water, and
                                    dally
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
                                                                                          sine  as aboye
                                                     Port»ann,et
                                                     al (1471).
                                                     ANIC-7701
Clophen A60
                      Cardlu* «dul« BSA    —
                                  greater than 10 a«(contln-
                                  ITZ)            uous aer-
                                                  ation, sea.
                                                  water, and
                                                  dally
                                                  solution
                                                  rene-jal)
                                                                                          sane  as  abov«
                                                                                       Portwann,  «t
                                                                                       at(1971),
                                                                                       •HIC-7701
Clephen »60
Crangon
eranqon
                                    BS»    —
                   greater than 10 a«(contin-
                   CT2)            uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                          saae  as  above
                                                     Portaann, et
                                                     al (197U,
                                                     *HIC-7701
Clophcn A M
Crangon
cr»ngon
                                    8SA
                                                        1.8-3.3  (TZ)
                                   &«•( contin-
                                   uous aor-
                                   atlon, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   dally
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                          saae  as above
                                                     Portiann, «t
                                                     at (1971),
                                                     4MIC-7701
Clophen A 50
Crangon
erangon
                                     BSA    —
                                                        3.3-10  (TZI
                                   a«(contin-
                                   uous aer-
                                   ation, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   dally
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                          saae  as  above
                                                     Portnann, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701
CN«  Co, Nit Cr* and  Plueo
2n                   premelas
BSACF Grand River
IHL)  at
                                  betMeen
                                  1.25-3.75
a,c,e, eon-        A mobile bloassav unit was
ductiylty, utilized to conduct this study of
           municipal Nastexater containing the
           Indicated toxicants.  River Mater was
           used as diluent.  The conclusion H»S
           reached that svneralstlc or additive
           toxic effects occurred since toxlclty was
           greater than that of any of the Ions
           singly.
Zllllch
(1969).

-------
Compound Organism

CM, Cut Nl • O, and Catostoous
In commersonl
Toxiclry,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Study Location Ppn
Wyoming, Mich percent (T3)
loan
BSACF Grand River between
(HL) at 1.25-3.75
Wyoming, Mich percent (T3)
loan
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
Btt.Cu.Cr,
OH, and Zn
&>C,e, con- sane as above
duotlvlty,
Jtt,Cu,Cr,
ON, and Zn
Reference
AMIC-2906
71 Mich
(1969),
ANIC-2906
 Cobaltous sulfate
 fas Co)
 CobaItous sulI ate
 (as Co)
Cobaftous  sulfate
(as Co)
Cobalt
Acroneurla    BSA   —           32 )         a*,c,d,e,f
                                 32 (T7)          a*,e,d,e.r
                                                                                 sensitive  aquatic  insect  of  those
                                                                                 studied, and coooer  the most broadly
                                                                                 toxic  metal.  The  authors sugqest  that
                                                                                 aquatic  Insects nay  not be as sensitive
                                                                                 to heavy metals as fish.

                                                                                        same as above
                    Great lakes  0.029(r*sldue)
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie
                    Great Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                    and Erie

                    Great Lakes
                    - Superior,
                    Michigan,
                                                      0.020(residue)  —
                                                      0.023(resldue)  —
                                                                   same as above
        Trace element content of fish
from Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Erie
Has determined by activation analysis. .
Whole body and liver residues Here
determined.  Concentrations varied with
species and lake.  Other elements found
nerei  antlnony - 5 to 100 ppb, bariu* -
0.2 opn, cesium - 3 ppb, lanthanum - 1 to
?0 DOb, mercury - 10 ppb, rhenium - 0.5
to 5 ppb, rubidium — 0.06 to 6 ppm,
scandium - 2 ppb, selenium - o.l to 2
ppb, silver - 0.001 ppb.

       same as above
                                                                                                      al(1969).
                                                                                                      AMIC-3767
Harnick, et
al(1969),
AMIC-3767

Warnick, et
al(1969),
AMIC-3767

Lucas, et al
(1970),
 AMIC-3778
                                          Lucas, et
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778
                                                                                                                al
                                                                                        same as above
                                          Lucas, et al
                                          (1970),
                                          AMIC-3778

-------
                                           and Erie
Cobalt
Cobalt
Cobalt
 Cobalt
 Cobalt
 Cobalt
 Cobalt
  Cobalt
  Cobalt
  Cobalt
Coreqonus      FL
hoyl
ProsODlu"      FL
eylIndraccua
S»lv»lInu*
naaaycush
 Os uterus
 •ordax
 Notropls
 hudsonlus
 ftoccus
 cnrysops
                                     FL
                                     FL
                                     FL
 Pereopsls     FL
 oalscooaycus
                                     FL
 Perea         FL
 flavescens
 Stlzostedlon   FL
 vlTreum
 vltreu*
  Paralabrax    FH
  elathratus
Great Lakes  0.036(residue)
- Superior,
Hichlqan,
and Erie

Great Lakes  0.0<»7(resldue>
- Superior,
Mlcnlq*n,
and Erie
Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Hlchlqan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Superior,
Michigan,and
Erie
 Great Lakes  0.0<.5  —
                                                        0.013(rasldue)  —
                                                        0.033(resldue>  —
                                                        O.OZ3(resldue)
                                                        0.0<>3(rasldue>  —
                                                        O.lZO(rasldue)  —
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          saae as above
                                                                                          same as above
                                                                                          sane as above
                                                                                          sane as above
                                                                                          saae  as above
                                                                                           saae  as above
                                                                                 Lucas,  et  al
                                                                                  CITO) t
                                                                                 •MIC-^778
                                                                                  Lucas,  et  al
                                                                                  (19701,
                                                                                  AMIC-3778
                                                                                  Lucas, et at
                                                                                  (1970),
                                                                                  »«1IC-377*
                                                                                  Luc«s, et al

                                                                                  AMIC-377*


                                                                                  Lucas, et al

                                                                                  »«IC-377n
                                                                                  Lucas,  «t  al
                                                                                   (1970) ,
                                                                                   •MTC-3778
                                                                                   Lucas,  et  al
                                                                                   (lc'70),
                                                                                   4HIC-3778
                                                                                   Lucas, et al
                                                                                   (1170),
                                                                                   AMIC-3779
                                                                                   Lucas, et al
                                                                                   (1170),
                                                                                   AMIC-3778
                                                 Fish collected fron an effluent   Staoleton
                                         pipe of a steam plant and froa offshore   (1968),
                                         waters of Catallna Island Mere analyzed   AHIC-5980
                                         for trace aleaent content.  Trace element

-------
           Compound
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppa
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
>
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
         Cobalt
        Cobalt
        CobaIt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
 Paralabrax    FH    Catallna      2.3  (dorsal
 clathratus          Island, Cal.  muscle
                                  residual

 Paralabrax    FH    Scatter'qood   1.2ventral
 elathratus          Steam  Plant,  muscle
                     LosAngeles,   residue)
                     Cal.

 Paralabrax    FH    ratalIna      *.3  (ventral
 clathratus          Tslandt Cal.  auscle
                                  residue)

 Paralabrax    FN    Scattergood   3.6  (gonads
 clathratus          Steam  Plant,  residue)
                     LosAnqeles,
                     Cat.

 Paralabrax    FN    Catallna      li.lt  (qonads
 clathratus          Island. Cal.  residue)
Paralahrax    FN    Catallna      3.7(qonads
clathratus          Island, Cal.  residue)
(qravld
feaales)

Paralabrax    FH    Seattergood   l.t  (liver
clathratus          Stean Plant,  residue)
                    LosAnqelKS,
                    Cal.
                                                                                          content of the effluent  water Mas at
                                                                                          least 5 times greater than that  of  noraal
                                                                                          sea water for cadmium, coooer, nickel,
                                                                                          zinc, and chromium.   Livers of t ish from,
                                                                                          the affluent Here nearly titlce the  size
                                                                                          of those from The ocean.  Greatest
                                                                                          differences in concentration occurred
                                                                                          with aluminum, cadmium,  and nickel.
                                                                                          Silver, barlufft lithium, and lead shoned
                                                                                          the least differences.  The author
                                                                                          conduced that trace element analysis of
                                                                                          tissues could be used to determine  the
                                                                                          effect of pollutants on marine organisms.

                                                                                                 same as abov*
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                                                 sane  as  above
                                                                                                 saae  as above
                                                                                                same  as above
                                                                                                 saae as above
Stapleton
U96M ,
AMIC-5980

Staoleton
(19681,
AMIC-5980
Staoleton
(106*1,
AMIC-S980

Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-S980
Staoleton
(19S8),
•1IC-S9SO

Staoleton
(1968),
AMIC-59H8
                                                                                                                                    Staoleton
                                                                                                                                    (19681,
                                                                                                                                    ANIC-S980

-------
       Cob*It
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
Paralabrax    FM
clathratus
                             Paralabrax     FH
                             clathratus
                             Paralabrax
                             clathratus
                              Paralabrax    FM
                              clathratus
                                                  Catalina     1.9 (liver
                                                  Island,  Cal.  residue)
                     Scattergood   1.8  (integument
                     Steam  Plant,  residue)
                     LosAngeles,
                     Cal.

                     Catallna      1.it  (Integument
                     Island* Cal.  residue)
                     Scattergaod   1.7  (heart
                     Steam  Plant,  residue)
                     LosAngeles,
                     Cal.
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 sane  as above
                                                                                                 saae  as  above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                                                     (1968).
                                                                                                     AMIC-59RO

                                                                                                     Stapllt Mill
                                                                                                     eton  (10.681,
                                                                                                     AMIC-5980
                                                                                                     Staol eton
                                                                                                      (1168),
                                                                                                     AMIC-5980

                                                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1968),
                                                                                                      AMIC-S980
CD
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
        Cobalt
                              Paralahrax .   FH    Catalina     1.2 (heart
                              clathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
Paralabrax    FH    Scattergood  5.2 (eyeball
clathratus          Steam Plant, residue)
                    LosAngeles,
                    Cal.
                              Paral abrax
                              clathratus
        Cocoaalne dlacetate  Phormld-lum
                              amblguum
                                            FH
         Coco
         •onoethanoIam1 d«
         (plus ethylene
         oxide, ethoxy
                     Catallna     5.1  (eyeball
                     Island,  Cal.  residue)
                                            L     —
                                                               D.5-10.0 (NTF»   —
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                              Cardlum edule BS»   —
                                  greater than
                                  100 (T2)
                                                                     Of  7<» chemicals  evaluated  as
                                                             alqlcldes,  only 9 Here more toxic  than
                                                             CuSOU.   None Inhibited growth of
                                                             mat-forming algae for  more than ?  weeks.
                                                             CuSO>> formulated with  certain wetting
                                                             agents  Has  more toxic  than CuSOt» alone.
                                                             Coooer  ehloraiMne was  also found to be
                                                             more toxic  than CuSO<>.  No netting agents
                                                             were found  to be Inhibitory at the
                                                             concentrations investigated (0.05  and
                                                             0.005 DPI").  Also resorted are factors
                                                             affecting growth of algae in canals to
                                                             determine whether there  were leads to
                                                             controlling algae by environmental
                                                             management.  No practical environmental
                                                             means were  found.
                                                 ao(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                                                 uoua aer-  aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                                                 atlon,  sea- polychlorlnated bienenyls, pure
                                                 water,  and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                                                                                                      Staol eton
                                                                                                      (1968),
                                                                                                      AMIC-5980

                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1968),
                                                                                                      AMIC-5980
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1968),
                                                                                                      AHIC-SS80

                                                                                                      Otto(1970l,
                                                                                                      AMIC-892
Portmann, at
al (1971),
AMIC-7701

-------
  Compound


•onocthanolamlde)
Coco
•onoethanolamlde
(olus ethylene
oxide, ethoxy
•one* thanoIami de)
              Field  Field
  Organism    Study Location
Toxlclty.
Active
Ingredient,
  ppm
                                                                       Experlmental
                                                                       Variables.
                                                                       Controlled
                                                                       or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
Cr angon
cr angon
                                   BS»   —
greater than
100 -( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same  as  above
Portmann, et
at C1971),
*»*IC-7701
Coco
•onoe thanoIam 1 de
•plus ethylene
oxide* ethoxy
monoethanoIamide)
Carelnus
maenas
                                   BS»    —
greater than
100  
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
vrater, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann. et
al (1971),
•HIC-7701
Coco
monoethanoI am1de
Coca
•one* thane Iam1de
Compass
                     Cardlurn edule BS*    —
Crangon       BS»
erangon
                     Card1urn edule 6S»   —
greater than    a^lcontin-         same  as above                      Portmann,  et
100  IT2)        uoua aer-                                            al  ei<»71),
                atlon, sea-                                          »MIC-7701
                va t«r, nnd
                daily
                solution
                renewal)

greater than    ac-tcontin-         same  as above                      Portmann.  et
100  CT2J        uoug aor-                                            al  (1971),
                ation, sea-                                          »«IC-7701
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)

greater than    a<-(conti:i-         On*  hundred-forty  surface  active  Porfmann,  et
100  ITZI        uous aor-  agents, solvent emulslflers,  pesticldest  al  (1971),
                ation, 3ea-00'vch1orln»f*d blohcnyls, pure           »MIC-7701
                water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals Here
                daily      evaluated against as many  as  ten marine
                solution   organisms.   The authors noted that most

-------
Compass
                     Crangon
                     erangon
                                   BSA   —
                                 greater than
                                 100 (T2J
                                                renewal)    pub! Ished data of  this type deal  tilth
                                                            toxleltv of chemicals to treshtiater
                                                            organises*

                                                 acleontln-        sane as above
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AMT.C-7701
Compass
                     Carclnus
                     •aenas
                                   BSA   —
                                 qreater than
                                 100 (TZ)
                                                 a*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 vater, and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al (197.1).
                                                     ANIC-7701
Cooper's My dlo
(new typel
Rasbora   •    BCF»
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                                      3.55 (TZ)
Copper chloride (»s
Cut
Leoomls
macrochlrus
              BSA,
              L
                                                      1.Z5 (Ti.1
Copper chloride (as
Cu)
Nltzschla
linear Is
              BSA,
              I
                                 0.81 ITS)
                                                 a*.c,<>, t*
                                                 hard(HH)
                                                 or soft
                                                 (SH)
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 Hater, or
                                                 seaxater
                                                 for so*e
                                                 species
a»,e, and
synthetic
dilution
water
a.*,a, and
synthetic
dilution
water
        One hundred sixty-lour            Alabaster,
          , netting aqents, and           (iqS9),AHIC-
«i Isce I laneous water DO! lutants showed a   5"»?5
Hldf^ ranqe of toxlclty scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of al I co .chemicals evaluated as
                                                                                                                           Otto  (1970),

-------
Organise
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
f>p«
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Comments
Reference
                     amblguua
                                 percent groMth
                                 lnhlbltedl<>>
Copper salts
Copper salt of
endothall
                     Fish (not
                     specified!
Pnormldlua
aablguua
                                   t
                                 greater than
                                 0.1-1.0 IK)
                                                      0.5-10.0 I.MTE1  —
           alqlcldes,  only 9  Here more  toxic than      AMIC-892
           CuSOit.   None  Inhibited growth of
           •at-tor«Inq algae  Tor more than Z Meeks.
           CuSO<»  formulated with certain wetting
           agents  Has  more toxic than CuSOit alone.
           Copoer  chtcrattine  Mas also found to be
           •ore toxic  than CuSO<>.  Mo wetting agents
           Mere found  to be Inhibitory  at the
           concentrations investigated  (0.05 and
           0.005  DOW).  Also  reported are factors
           affecting growth of algae in canals to
           determine whether  there t»er« leads to
           controlling algae  by environmental
           Management.  No practical environmental
           means  Here  found.

                   Approximate toxlcltles of         MaNdesley-
           numerous pesticides commonly used In      Thomas(19M>
           Britain  were summarized. An  excellent     AHIC-1056
           brief,  general discussion of toxlclty
           testing  is  also present.

                   PI  71, chemicals evaluated as      Otto  (1970),
           alglcldes>  only 9  Here more  toxic than    AHIC-39?
           CuSO<».   None  inhibited growth of
           mat-forming algae  for more than 7 oeeks.
           CuSOd  formulated with certain wettlnq
           agents  MBS  more toxic than CuSOfc alone.
           Cooper  chloramlne  was also found to be
           •ore toxic  than CuSQ<>.  No Hefting agents
           Mere"found  to be inhibitory  at the
           concentrations investigated  10.OS and
           0.00?  pp»).   Also  reported are factors
           affecting growth of algae In canals to
           determine whether  there Mere leads to
           controlling algae  by environmental
           •anage*ent.   No practical environmental
           •cans  were  found.
Copper sodiun
cltratfl (as Cu)
Uateralpor*
eueullata
(larva*}
                                                      0.63 (T 2 hr)
ato,l, and
salinity   data:
         Ihls study was conducted to
      Ine gpoclea of marine Inrvaa
suitable for use in test screening
antifoulIng cheoieals.  A salina (brine
ahrlav) appeared to have the best
potential for this purpose.  A salina
larvae sensitivity urns greatest starting
at age 2O-80 hr, and tolerated relatively
low pH ($.0).
Wisely, et al
(1967),
AMIC-5703

-------
Copper sodlua
citrate (aa Cu)
Copper sodluB
citrate (as Cu)
Copper sodlua
citrate  (as Cu)
Copper sodium
citrate  (aa Cu)
Copper sul late plus
•Ihylaryl
oolyoxethylene
alycols
Bugula
nerltlna
(larvae)

Splrorbla .
lamellosa
(larvae)

Oaleolaria
caeapltoaa
(larvae)

Kytilua
edulla
planulatua
(larrae)

Phormldlum
amblguu*
                                   •     ^^
3.90 IT 2 hr)



0.1*8 (X 2 hr)



2.90 (» 2 hr)



23 (T 2 hr)
0.5-10.0 (100
percent growth
Inhibited !<•>
a.c.l, and
salinity
a,c,l, nnd
salinity
a,c.l, and
salinity
a.c.l, and
salinity
as above
                                                                                        aaaa aa above
                                                                                        same aa above
                                                                                        sane aa above
                   Of  74  chemicals  evaluated  as
           alqlclces,  only  9  Here more  toxic  than
           CuSOU.   None  Inhibited growth of
           •at-formlng algae  for  more than ?  weeks.
           CuSOt  formulated Kith  certain wetting
           agents  was  more  toxic  than' CuSO<»  alone.
           Copoer  chloranlne  was  also found  to be
           iiore toxic  than  CuSO
-------
I
Compound
Copper sul fat* plus
Calclu* salt of
polyoxyethylene
Copper sul fat* plus
Dodecy leth*r of
polyethylene glycol
Copocr sul fate plus
Cnulslflable
polyethylene
Copper sul fate plus
Cthoxylated isooctyt
phenoxy polyethoxy
•thanol
Copper sul fat* plus
Cthoxylated nonyl
phenyl ether
Copper sul fate plus
Potyoxyethfene nonyl
phenyl ether
Copper sul fat* (as
cooper)
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Phor»Idlu« L —
anblguu*
Phornldlua L ~
amnlguu*
Ptiornidlu* L
anblquun
PnoraldluB L —
anblguun
Phornldlua L —
aablguua
Phoraldlua L
aabiguua
Carclnus 8S» —
•aenas
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient.
Pp«
0.9-10.0 (100
percent tjroxth
Inhibited !<•)
0.5-10.0 (50
percent qroxth
Inhibited lit)
0.5-10.0(?S
percent growth
Inhibited l
-------
Copper sut fat* (as
copper)
                     CardluM edule BSA
                                                       1.0 (T2I
                                                 «*(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation,  sea-
                                                 water,  and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                   saaa as above
                                                      Portnann,  et
                                                      al  (1971) i
                                                      AHIC-7701
Copper cut fat* (as
capper)
Cranqon
crangon
                                   8S»    —
                                                       19 mi
•«(contin-
uous  aer-
ation,  sea-
water,  nnd
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                    saae  as above
                                          Portnann, «t
                                          al  (1971),
                                          ANIC-7701
Copper sulfate (as
cepptr)
                     Ostrea edulls BSA   —
                                                       too  ITZ>
                                                 a»(contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation,  sen-
                                                 water,  and
                                                 daily
                                                 solution
                                                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                      Portaann, et
                                                      al  (1971),
                                                      AMIC-7701
Copper sul fate las
copperl
Panda Ius
    •9«it
              BSA   —
                                                          (TZ)
a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                          Portnann, et
                                          al  (19711,
                                          AHIC-7701
Copper sul fate las
copper)
Copper sulfate
Cut Plus*
               (as
Platlcthys
fIesus
Sal HO
galrdnerl
(eggs and
speral
                                   BSA   —
                                                      1.0-3.3  IT2)
                                   LCF
                                                      1.0  (NTE)
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
dally
solution
ronewal)

i.c.f
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                          Portnann, et
                                          a» (197l>,
                                          AMIC-7701
        Data were given In mq/t which xas Shax, et al
taken to be the equivalent of DP*.        (1971),
Fertilization rates were statistically    *XIC-1<»<>«
Slnllar in both test (Cu and Nl) and
control waters*  The rate of hatching Has
significantly different for eggs exposed
to Cu and the-rate of development Has

-------
          Comoound
Field Field
Organ Is* Study Location
ToxleMy,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppn
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
Reference
VO
fU
        Cooper sulfate  (as    Acroneurla    BSA
        Cut
        Copper  sulfate  (as    Ephemeral la   BSA
        Cut
        Copper  sulfate  (as    Hydroosyche   BSA
        Cut
Copper sulfate (as   Pnoraldlu*    L
Cut                  aabiquue
                                                              8.3
                                                               0.32  (T2>
                                                              32  ITU.)
0.5-10.0 163
percent qrowth
inhibited!*)
                                                                                 Increased.  The authors concluded that In
                                                                                 hard waters neither Cu nor Nl Is likely
                                                                                 to Impair fertilization In rainbow trout.

                                                                      a»,c,d,e,f         Ephemerella (mayfly) was the most Harnlek, et
                                                                                 sensitive aquatic Insect of those
                                                                                 studied, and copper the most broadly
                                                                                 toxic metal.  The authors suggest that
                                                                                 aauatlc insects may not be as sensitive
                                                                                 to heavy metals as fish.

                                                                        ,c,d,e,f        same as above
                                                                              a*,c,d,e,f
        Copper sul fata
                              Pseudopleuro  LCF
                              neetea
                              aaericanus  (3
                              yr)
                                                               0.180  (SRI
                                                                                 ,c,e
                                                                                                same  as above
                                                                                                                                   at  (1969),
                                                                                                                                   AHIC-3767
                                          Warnlck,
                                          etal
                                          AHIC-3767

                                          Marnlck,
                                          etal (19<>9>.
                                          AHIC-3767

        Of 71, chemicals evaluated as      Otto (1970),
alqlcldes, only 9 were more toxic than    AMIC-892
CuSOii.  None Inhibited growth of
mat-forming algae for more than Z weeks.
CuSOU tormulatert with certain wetting
agents was more toxic than CuSOC» alone.
Cooper chloramlne was also found to be
more toxic than Cu30U.  No wettlnq agents
were found to be Inhibitory at the
concentrations Investlaated (0.05 and
0.005 com).  Also reported are factors
affecting growth of alqae In canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling alqae by environmental
management.  No oractical environmental
means were found.

        Winter flounder were exposed to   Baker
varied concentrations ol cooper and       (1969),
selected tissues examined by light and    ANIC-3763
electron microscopy.  Medium to high
concentrations of copper resulted In
fatty liver decoslts, kidney necrosis,
hemoooetlc tissue destruction, and gill
architectural changes as determined by
Iiqht microscopic analysis.  Seven
additional organs or structures were

-------
Copper sul fat*
Copp*r sulfat*
                     Pseudopleuro  LCF
                     n«ot«s
                     aaerlcanus  13
                     vrl

                     Plaephales    BS*
                     proaelas
                                                       0.560-3.3
                                                       0.08*.  CT4.)
Copper sulfate       Plaephales    BCF»
                     prove I as
Copper sulfat*       Plaephales    BCFCH
                     proaelas
Copper sulfat*       lepoals       L
                     aacroeMrus
                                                      o.ors mi
                                                      0.018 (T
                                                      HO)
                                                      1-5 CSBl)
Copper sulfat*
                     Trachtnotus   BS*
                     caroltnus
                     (|uv*nll«)
                                                      !.«.-?. 0 ITU
                                                                                  apparently  unaffected.   Low  levels of
                                                                                  eoooer  caused  varied  anoaalles  In oil I
                                                                                  taaellae  as determined by electron
                                                                                  •icroscopy.

                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                      •«(old,al          CooDer at 1B.<> Dob affected
                                                                      f, acidity survival• growth, and scanning.  Loner
                                                                      conduc-    concentrations also reduced growth and
                                                                      tlvlty,    soawnlrq but apparently not eaq
                                                                      and Cu     hatcnabllIty.  The naxlnu* acceptable
                                                                            <     toxicant concentration 9>,
                                                                                                                           •HIC-3763
                                                                                                                           Mount, et
                                                                                                                           (1969),
                                                                                                                           »«IC-376S
                                                                                                                                     al
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                                           Mount, et al
                                                                                                                           11969),
                                                                                                                           »NIC-3T65
                                                                                                                           Mount, et al
                                                                                                                           (1969),
                                                                                                                           AM1C-376S
a«,o.d,e,
t, acidity,
conduc-
tivity,
and Cu

*«,e,d,o,
f, acidity,
conduc-
tivity,
and Cu

a*,c,e,f           Coooer caused a respiratory       0"H»ra
           Increase as concentration levels were     (1971),
           Increased.  Oreovrry from Initial stress  »MIC-3793
           by copper was delayed at higher
           concentrations.  The author su99ests the
           f lotting Hater fish resplroneter techniaue
           as » fast Hnd sensitive tool for
           evaluating pollutants.

a,c,e,f,I,         In this study of ponpano salinity Birdsonq, et
and        Mas controlled at 10, ?0, and 30 ppt and  al  (1971),
sulfate,   Investloated as a variable,  (crlflavln,  AMIC-S570
sod 1UK,    formalin, and potassium permanganate uere
calcluH.   slightly nore toxic at the highest
POtasslua, salinity, Hhll* copoer sulfate Mas
•agneslum, slightly less-toxic.  These compounds ar*

-------
  Compound
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organise Study Location ppn

Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
carbonate, used as cronhylactic bacterial
blcarbon- treatments. All appeared to be
ato, reasonably safe to use exeeote possibly
sallalty potassium permanganate.
Copper sulfate
Copper sul tat*
Copper sulfat*
Copper sulfat*
Copper sulfat*
Copper sul fat*
                     Oncorhynehus
                     tshaxytscha
                     (eggs)
                                   BCF»
                                                      0.08 (NTE)
                                                                      a*,e,d»f
OneorMynchus  BCFA
tshaNytscha
(fry)
                     Poccus
                     saxatllls
                     (fIngerlInqs)
                     Orconeetes
                     rustlcus
                                   BS»
                                   BCFA  —
                     Orconect*»    BCFCH —
                     rustlcus
                     Oreonectes    BCFCH —-
                     rustleus
Copper (as Coooer    Canp*toaa     BCF*  —
sulfat*)             dec 1 SOB       andCH
                                                                    Chinook salmon egqs Mere more      Hazel,  et  al
                                                            resistant to copper sulfate than were      (1970),
                                                            fry.   Growth xas also Inhibited.  Adverse AMIC-5572
                                                            effects on fry Mere noted at
                                                            concentrations as low as  0.02  ppn.   The
                                                            authors recommend further laboratory and
                                                            In situ studies.
O.Oi. (93
percent K)
                                                      0.62
                                                      3.0 (T«»)
                                                                      a*,c,d,f
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Hazel, et al
                                                                                                                           (1970),
                                                                                                                           AHIC-557?
                                                 B.e,c,d,e,          Striped bass flngprllnas Mere     Met (born
                                                 r,pt 8Jld   anoarently much none sensitive to         (19*91,
                                                 iron       therapeutic and herbicldal  compounds than &MIC-5723
                                                            many freshwater fish.

                                                 a*,c,«,f,a         Adult crayfish Mere found to be   Hubscnnan
                                                            more resistant to coocer sutfate than the (1967),
                                                            young.   Several life stages were studied, AMIC-5985
                                                            and additional exoosure variations were
                                                            included in the exoerImentation.
                                                            Mortality of neMly-hatched  crayfish
                                                            occurred at 0.1?? pom, and  growth Mas
                                                            Inhibited at concentrations down to 0.015
                                                            ppn over a 70-day period.   Sublethal
                                                            effects of cooper Mere Hell established
                                                            and the procedure appears  to be a good
                                                            one.
                                                      1.0 (TU)
                                                      0.015 (SB)
                                                      1.7 (TV)
                                                                      a*,c,e,f,Q
                                                                      a*,c,e,f,q
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                  ,c,d,e,f          Survival, qroHth,  reproduction,
                                                            and feeding Mere the responses used to
                                                                     Hubschman
                                                                     (1967) ,
                                                                     AMIC-5985

                                                                     Hubschman
                                                                     (19675 ,
                                                                     AMIC-5985

                                                                     Arthur, et
                                                                     al (1970),

-------
vi)
vn
         Copper  (as  Copper
         sulfate)
         Copper  (as Copper
         sulfate)
         Copper  (as  Cooper
         sulfate)
Campeloaa
dec 1 sun
BCFA
and
CH
Physa Integra BCFA
              and
              CH

Physa Integra BCFA
              and
              CH
Cooper (as Cooper
sulfate)
Cooper (as Copper
sulfate)
Cooper (plus
PHENOL >
Gammarus
paeudo-
llan*«ua
Gammarus
paeudo-
llnaaaua
Sal «o
galrdnerl
BCFA
and
CH
BCFA
and
CH
BSA
          Cooper (plus  Zinc,
          nickel)
Sat «io
galrdnerl
                                             BSA
0.008-0.011(8
(NTE6 Hh)
                                                                0.019 (T)
                                                 a,c,d,e,f
                                                 a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                a,c.d«e«(
                                                                0.008-0.01 oom.  Safe limits for
                                                                                           Gammarus were O.OIH6-0.008 In a
                                                                                           continuous flok system and fl.01Z9-0.OZ39
                                                                                           In a static system.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
Arthur, et
at (liroi,
AMIC-967

Arthur, et
al (1470),
AKIC-8S7

Arthur, et
al (1970),
ANIC-867

Arthur, et
al (1970),
ANIC-K67

Arthur, et
al (1970),
AMIC-867
                                                                                                   PalnboH trout Here exposed to     Brown, et
                                                                                           copoer, phenol, zinc, or nlcKel solutions al(1970),
                                                                                           to determine i>8-hour LC90 values for      AHTC-S994
                                                                                           mixtures of copoer and phenolt copper,
                                                                                           zinc, and phenol> and copper, zinc, and
                                                                                           nlcKel.  It Has concluded that acute
                                                                                           lethal toxlcltles of the mixtures could
                                                                                           be adequately described by summations of
                                                                                           the fractional toxlcltles.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                        BroHn,«t al
                                                                                        (1970),
                                                                                        AHIC-599%

-------
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Comoound Orqanlsm Study Location Ppm or Noted Convents
Copper (plus zinc, S*lao BSA — 0.6-Z.<>0 (T2) a.c.e
phenol) qalrdnerl

Cooper A lose FL Great Lakes 0.9Cresldue)
pa«udo- - Superior,
harongu* Michigan,
and Erie








same as above


Trace element content of fish
from Lakes Suoerlor, Michigan, and Erie
Mas determined by activation analysis.
Whole body and liver residues were
determined* Concentrations varied Hlth
species and lake. Other elements found
Here! antimony - 5 to 100 cob, barium -
0.7 oom, cesium - 3 oob, lanthanum - 1 to
20 pobt mercury - 10 oob, rhenium - 0.5
to •> pob. rubidium - 0.06 to 6 opm.
scandium - ? ppb. selenium - 0.1 to 2
ODb, silver - 0.001 oob.
Reference
RroMn.et al
(1970) ,
AMIC-5S9U
Lucas, et al
11970).
ANIC-3778









Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
                     Coreqonus     FL
                     artedll
                     Coreqonus     FL
                     clupeaformls
                     Coreqonus     FL
                     hoy!
                     Prosoplum     FL
                     cyl Indraceum
                     Salvellnus    FL
                     naaaycush
                     Osmerus       FL
                     mordax
Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
nichlqan,
and Frle

Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
Michigan,
and Erie

Great Lakes
- Suoerlor,
Michigan,
end Erie
                                                      12(resldue)
                                                      5.*(residueI
                                                      <».9(resldue)
                                                      3.8
-------
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
                     Car-ass 1 us      FL
                     auratus
                     Notroois      Fl
                     hudsonlus
                     Percoosls     FL
                     omlscomaycus
                     Roecus
                     chrysops
                                   FL
                     Peres         FL
                     I lavescens•
SHzostedlon  FL
vltreum
vltreum.
Great Lakes  l
-------
Compound
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Organise
Esox tuclus
Osmerus
•ordax
Perca
f lavescens
Sal vel Inus
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Study Location Ppm or Noted
FL Lake Erie, 0.7 (residue) --
Can.
' FL Lake Erie. 0.8 (residue) —
Can.
FL Lake Erie. 1.3 (residue)
Can.
BDFCH — 0.018 (NTE) a*.c,d*e.f
Comments Reference
sane as above Uthe, et at
3819
sane as above Uthe* et al
(1971), MIC-
3819
same as above Uthe* et al
3819
A concentration of 17.5 ppb McKIm, et a
                      fontlnalIs
                      (eqgs)
Copper
Copper
Copper
SalvelInus
fontInalis
(Juveniles)

SalvelInus
fontlnalls
(adults)
                                   BDFCH
                                   BOFCH —
                                                      0.017 (K)
                                                      0.1 ITI.I
           cooper did not adversely affect survival, (1970),
           qroHth, or scanning of brook trout.       ANIC-38Z1
           However, this concentration level had
           drastic effect on Juvenile trout.  The
           coooer also delayed yolk sac absorption
           and delayed fry development.  The maxlaun
           acceotable toxicant concentration (NATO
           was calculated to be between 9.5 to 17.fc
           ppb copper.

a**c*d*e*f        same as above                      «cKlm,et al
                                                     (1970),
                                                     AMIC-3821

a'.c.d.e.f        sane as above
                     Paralabrax    Fn    Scattergood  2 (dorsal
                     clathratus          Stean Plant* nuscte
                                         LosAngeles.  RESIDUE)
                                         Cal.
                                                                    Fish collected from an effluent
                                                            oio* of a steam plant and from offshore
                                                            Haters of Catallna Island Mere analyzed
                                                            for trace element content.  Trace element
                                                            content of the effluent Hater Has at
                                                            least 5 times qreater than that of nornal
                                                            sea xater for cadmium, cooper, nickel,
                                                            zinc, and chromium.  Livers of fish from
                                                            the effluent Here nearly twice the size
                                                            of those fron the ocean.  Greatest
                                                            differences in concentration occurred
                                                            with alumlrun* cadmium* and nickel.
                                                            Silver, barlun, lithium, and lead shoxed
                                                            the least differences.  The author
                                                            etal
                                                     (1970),
                                                     4MIC-3S31

                                                     Stapleton
                                                     (1968),
                                                     ANIC-5980

-------
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Copper
Paral abrax    FH    Catal Ina     ?  (dorsal
clathratus          Island, Cal. muscle
                                 residua)

Paral abrax    FH    Scattergood  Z  (ventral
elathratus          Steam Plant, muscle
                    LosAngeles,  residua)
                    Cal.
                     Paral abrax    FN
                     clathratus
                     Paral abrsx    FH
                     clathratus
                    Catal Ina     2 (ventral
                    Island, Cat. muscle
                                 residue)

                    Scatter-good  6 (gonads
                    Steam Plant, residual
                    losAngeles,
                    Cal.
                     Par a! abrax    FH    Catal ina     5  (gonads
                     clathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
Paralabrax    FH    CatalIna     5
elathratus          Island, Cal. (gonads
(gravid                          residue)
females)

Paralabrax    FH    Scattergood  5 (liver
clathratus          Steam Plant, residue)
                    LosAnoeles,
                    Cal.

Paralabrax    FH    CatalIna     6 (liver
clathratus          Island, Cal. residue)
                                                                                  concluded that trace element analysis  of
                                                                                  tissues could  be  used to determine  the
                                                                                  effect of pollutants on  marine  organisms.

                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                         same  es above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                        same  as  above
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1168),
                                                                                                      AHIC-5980

                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1468),
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (1965) »
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (106(0 .
                                                                                                      Staoleton
                                                                                                      (196.1),
                                                                                                      AHIC-5980

                                                                                                      Staolcton
                                                                                                      (1
-------
  Compound
                       Organise
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlcltv,
Active
Ingredient,
Pp«
Experimental
Variables!
Control led
or Noted
Comments Reference
Copper
Capper
Copper
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralabrax
                     clathratus
                     Paralahrax
                     clathratus
                     Selmo
                     galrdnerl
                                   FM
                                   FN
                                   FN
                                   BS»
Cal.

Catallna     1? (heart
Island. Cat. residual
Scatterqood  a (eyebal I
Steaa Plant, residue)
LosAngeles*
Cal.
Catallna
IsI andf Cal<
V Ceyeball
residual
                                                      0.75 (TZ)
                                                                      a.e.e
Corexlt 766*
                     Plmeohales    BSA
                     pr one I as
                                                      3200
                                                                      c,d,e,f
Corexlt 7664
Corexlt 766%
Corexlt 7664
                     Plmephales
                     prone I as
                                   BS*   —
                     Biochemical   I
                     oxygen deaand
                     Steel head
                     trout
                     (fingerlings)
                                   BS*   —
                                                      180  (MSC)
                                                      380,000
                                                      15.8 (T4)
                                                                      c.d.e.f
                                                                      c.d.e.f
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     Staoleton
                                                                     (I960),
                                                                     AMIC-5980
Staoleron
(1968),
*HIC-S960
                                                RalnbOH trout Mere exposed to     Brown, et at
                                        eoooer, Dhenol, zinc, or nickel solutions
                                        to determine ".S-hour LCSO values for      (1970) ,*MIC-
                                        • Ixtures of cooper and phenol I copoer,    599I>
                                        zinc, and phenol I and cooopr, zinc, and
                                        nickel.  It was concluded that acute
                                        lethal toxlcltles of the mixtures could
                                        be adequately described by summations of
                                        the fractional toxlcltles.
                                                Toxlclty of six oil spill
                                        dlspersants Has determined along with
                                        BOO values.  Pond Mater was used as
                                        diluent and oil Mas Included In the
                                        exoerlment.  Oil narked Iy reduced
                                        toxiclty of all dlsoersants.  Data are
                                        given as **nost probable" 96-hr TL sub a.

                                               saae as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                     milch
                                                                     (1969I.AHIC-
                                                                                  71lllch
                                                                                  
-------
Corexlt 766I|.



Corexit 7661).



Corexlt 766V
Coho salmon   B3A   Hood Canal
(flngerllnga) In    Hoodaport,
              »ltu  Wash.
Pacific
oyster
(larvae)
B3A   Hood Canal
In    Hoodaport,
situ  Wash.
                     Card luii edule  as*   —
UO.O (K)



UO.0-80.0 (SB)
                                                       3300-10, OJ»U
                                                       (TZt
Corexlt 766V
                     Cra r>g on
                     er anqon
                                   BS«    —
                                  3300-10,000
                                  ITZ)
                                               776t, appeared to have the least toxlelty
                                               .With fair to qood oil dispersion
                                               capability.

                                                     same aa above
                                  sane aa above
                                                  **(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                                                  uous ear-  agents, solvent enulslflers. pestleldest
                                                  ation, aea-Dolychlorlnated biohenyls, cure
                                                  water, and Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                                                  dally      evaluated against as many as ten aarlne
                                                  solution   organises.  The authors noted that nost
                                                  renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                                             toxlelty of chemicals to freshwater
                                                             organises.

                                                                    sam* as above
                                    a* Icontin-
                                    uous  aer-
                                    ation,  sea-
                                    water,  end
                                    dally
                                    solution
                                    renewal)
Tracy, at ai
(1969),
AKIC-363I*.

Tracy, et al
(1969),
AMC-33314.
                                                                                         Portnann,  et
                                                                                         al  f19711,
                                                                                         •HIC-7701
                                                                      PortBann,  et
                                                                      al  (1971).
                                                                      4HIC-7701
Cerekif 766*
                     Lieanda
                     I Inland*
                                   BS»   —
                                                       1000-3300  (TZI
                                                  a»(contin-
                                                  uous aer-
                                                  ation,  sea-
                                                  wator,  and
                                                  dally
                                                  solution
                                                  renewal)
                                                                                         seme as above
                                                                                         Portxunn,  et
                                                                                         al  (1971).
                                                                                         •HIC-7701
Corexlt 766<>
                     Sal no salar
                     loarrl
CorelIt 766%
                     Gannarus
                     oceanlcus
                                   8S»   —
                                 500  (NTCVt       a*.e                Aroclors IPS", and 1??1 Mere       71tKo
                                                  Inlxed  tap evaluated for toxic effect with Corexlt   (1970),
                                                  or          76f>«. (Height ratio »;!
-------
  Compound
CorexIt 766H
Corexlt 6666
Couaaphos
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Organism! Study Location Pom or Noted Comments


Gammarus BSA —
oceanlcus



Crangon BSA —
crangon


0.19 (SB) a*
(weeklysol
utlon
change.
seawater)
3300 (TZ) a*{ contin-
uous B.CC-
concentrations down to 0.19 pom. The
author notes a possible synerglstlc
effect between the two compounds.
same as above




One hundred-forty surface active
agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides.
Reference


Mlldish
(1970).
AHIC-R9


Por tmann,
al
ation, sea-Pol ych lorlnated blohenyls, pure (1971), MI






Rasbora BCFA —
heteromorpha and
BSA










water, and
daily
solution
renewal)


0.046 (T2> a*,c,e,f.
hard (HW)
or
SOFT(Stl)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species



inorganic, and organic chetricals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a
wide range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
of magnitude. Knowing the toxicity and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides were nost toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
7701





Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-5I.Z5










Co-*al
                     Norone
                     saxatllls
                     (fingerI Ings)
                                   BSA   —•
                                                      6Z
Co-DaI
                     Mercenarla
                     mercenarla
                     (eggs)

                                                      9.12 (T2)
a,c,d,e,f,         All  compounds were Investigated   Me 11 born
p          because of thelP probable usaoe In        (1971),
           hatchery production of white bass*        AH.IC-5ST1
           Comnounds that can be used at recommended
           concentrations were Aouathol, Casaron,
           Llndane, and Terramycln concentrate.
           Those that should not be used wepe
           Acrlflavlne, Raylusclde, Malachite green
           oxalate, and Malathion.

--                 The effect of 52 pesticides on    Oavls,  et al
           embryonic development of clams and
           oysters was reported.  Synerglstic        (1969),AMIC-
           effeets with solvents were also reported. 5990
            Host of the compounds affected

-------
k
U)
         Co-ffal
         Co-Ral
        Co-Rat
Craln* OS*
                              Hercenarla
                              mercenarla
                              (larvael
                              Crassostrea
                              vlrglnlca
                              (eggs)
Crassostrea
vlrolnlca
(larvael

Crangon
crangon
                                   BS»
                                                                    (T 12)
                                                               0.11 IT?)
                                                               greater than
                                                               l.O  (T  iv)
                                                      330-1000 IT2)
        Cresol*
                              •genus         BS»
                              cataohraetus
                                                               10-33  (T2)
        Crcsols
                     Carclnus
                     aa«nas
                                                               10-100  
-------
  Ceaoound
Cresols
Creselm
Cr»ssauard
Crotothane
CFOM solvent N
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organism, Study location Pom or Noted Comments
Cardlum edule BSA —






Pleuroneetes BSA
olatessa







Crmngon BSA
crangon
greater than a«(contin-
100 tT2) uous aer-
ation, soa-
watcr, and
dally
solution
renewal }
10-33 (T?> a»( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)


3.3-10 IT*) a*lcontln-
uous asr-
same as above






One hundred-forty surface active
aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides.
Pol vchlorlnated blphenyls, pure
Inorganic, and organic chemicals Mere
evaluated aqalnst as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
One hundred-forty surface active
aqents, solvent e*uls 1 f lers, pesticides.
Reference
Portmann, et
al (10711,
A«I C- 77 01




Portmann, et
• 1 (1471),
AMIC-7701






Portmann, et
al
ation, sea-oolychlorinated blphpnyls, oure (iq71),AHIC—






Pasbora 8CFA —
heteromorpha and
BSA









Crangon BSA
crangon

wator, euid
daily
solution
renewal )


0.07 (T2) a«,c,e,f.
hard
(HM)or
cnffr ICU1
soil I^HV
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
for some
species



33-100 IT?> a»( contin-
Inorqanic, and orqanlc chemicals Mere
evaluated aqalnst as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
Published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
orqnnlsms.
One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wettinq aqpnts, and
miscellaneous water pollutants Showed a
of magnitude. Knowlnq the toxlclty and
percentage of all comoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic in hard Mater
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.
One hundred-forty surface active
uous aer- aqents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides.
ation, sea-
polychlorlnat ed blohenyls, oure
7701





Alabaster,
tl9&9>,»«IC-
Si.?S









Portmann, et
al (1371),
AHIC-7701
                                                                      water, and Inorqanic,  and orqanlc chemicals  Here
                                                                      dally      evaluated aqalnst  as  many  as  fen  marine
                                                                      solution   orqanlsms.   The authors  noted  that  most
                                                                      renewal)   published data of  this type deal  with
                                                                                 toxiclfy of  chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                 organisms.

-------
            Cr, Nit Cut CN, and  Plnephales     BSACF  Grand  River   between
            Zn                   prone I as       (ML)   at            1.25-3.75
                                                      Hyo»lnq,Mlch  oercent (T3)
                                                      Iqan
            Cr, Nit Cut CH, and  Catostoeus
            In                   conncrsonl
            CS
                     Wolffls.
                     papullfera
                                   BSACF Grand River  between
                                   CHU  at           1.25-3.75
                                         Uyonlnq.Hlch percent  (T3)
                                         I gen
                                                                  100 (K)
                                                                                          A mobile'bloassav unit Has
                                                                                  utilized to conduct  this study ot
                                                                                  Municipal Hastenater containing the
                                                                                  indicated toxicants.  River wafer  Has
                                                                       a,c,e,      used as diluent.   The conclusion M»S       71IIIch
                                                                       conductIvl  reached that synerglstlc or additive       (1969),
                                                                       ty. Nit     toxic effects occurred since toxlcltv Has  AHIC-?9P6
                                                                       Cu, Cr,     greater than that  ot any ot the Ions
                                                                       CN, and  7n  singly.
                a,c,e.
                conductlvi
                ty. Nit
                Cu, Cr,
                CN, and 7n

                Hunter'a
                modlum
                diluted
                1:5
                                                                                                     saae as above
                                                                      711llch
                                                                      (1969),
                                                                      ANTC-294J6
                                     All conpounda wore harmful to    Worthier, at
                            duckweed to gone decree.  Decreased       el,(1971),
                            populations were noted at non-lethal      AMIC-3233
                            concentrations and some compounds
                            (Mmlathlon and 2,^-D) caused toratoganlc
                            effects at concentrations as low as 1 ppm.
            CuCIZ  ?H?0  (as Cu)
\n
                                  Platv*onas
                                  subcordl-
                                  formla
                                                a      ^^
            CuCI? ?H20  (as Cu)    Porphrrldlu>  L
                                  cruentua
                                                                   approx.1.0 (K)
                                                                   appro*.  0.5(K)
                                                                       5SM and
                                                                       NSW
                                                                      SSN  and
                                                                      NSM
                                   NT* stimulated algal  tiroHth In    FrlcKson, at
                           cultures without added copper and reduced al  (19701,
                           toxlclty ot copper at all  levels of       »Mlc-fc«.9
                           cooper addition.  See information on
                           CuCI2.H20 (as Cu) under authors cited for
                           •further Information.
                                                                                                     saae as above
                                                                     Erlcfcson, at
                                                                     al  (1970),
            CuCie  2H20  (as Cu)    Skeletone»a    L      —
                                  costatua
                                                       aporox.  0.15    SSM  and
                                                       (K)             NSM
                                                                                                     saae as above
                                                                     Erlckson, et
                                                                     al  (1970),
CuCI2 2H20  las Cu)   ••ohldlnlun   L     —
                     carterI


CuCIZ 2N20  (as Cu)   Chactoecros   L
                     so
CuCIZ 2M29 (as Cu)   Cyrlotella    L     —
                     nana


CuC12 2H20 (as Cu)   Dunalialla    L
                     tortioleeta
            CuC12 2B20 (as Cu)   Isochryala    L
                                 Salbana
                                                                   less than  8.05   SSM and
                                                                   (K)              NSH
approx. 0.05    SSM and
(K)             NSH
approx. 0.15    SSM and
(K)             NSH
U50 (5o percent  S3K and
K)               KSW
Approx. 0.2 K)   SSM and
                 NSW
                                                                                                     sane as above
                                                                                                     saae  as  above
                                                                                                     saae  as  above
                                                                                                    SUM as above
                                                                                        sane  as  above
                                                                     Erlckson, et
                                                                     al  (19701,
                                                                                                                                        Erlckson, et
                                                                                                                                        • I  (147«t.
                                                                                                                                        Erlckson,  at
                                                                                                                                        al  (1970),
                                                                     Erickscn, et
                                                                     al (1970),
                                                                     AKIC-U49

                                                                     Erlckaon, et
                                                                     al (1970),
                                                                     AKIC-IA9

-------
>
I
Compound
CuC12 2H20 (as Cu)

CuC12 2H20 Us Cu)


CuCIS 2H20 (as Cu)

CuC12 23120 (as Cu)

Cunllate RQ Z*










Cunllate RQ Z*








Cunllate RO 2*






Organism
Monochrysls
Lutheri
Nannochlorls
oculata

Nltzschla
cloaterlum

Ollsthodlacus
luteus
Salmo
galrdnerl









Rasbora
heteromoroha







Rasbora
heferomorpha





Toxiclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Study Location Pom
L

L


L

L

BCF» —
and
BSA








BCFA —
and
BSA






BCF4 —
and
BSA




Approx. 0.5
(K)
Approx. 0.5
(K)

Approx. 0.05"
(K)

Approx. 0.05

0.9 trz.
hardMater)









!.<» ITZ,
sof tnater)







0.9 (T2,
nardHater)





Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Comments
SSM nnd
NSW
SSM and
NSW

SSM and
NSW

SSM and
NSW
a* c e f
hard
(HH ) or
SOft 
synthetic
dilution
orseawater
for some
soecles
a*,c,e,f ,
hard(HH)
or soft
(SHI
synthetic
dilution
Mater,
same a a above

same as above


same as above

same as above

One hundred sixty-lour
pesticides, wetting agents, and
MUe range of toxlclty scanning 1? orders
percentage of all components of a
formulation Hid not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic in hard Mater
and sonetlmes the oooosite xas true.
Testing the actual material as sold Mas
found to be essential.
same as above








same as above






Ret erence
Erlckson, et
al (1970),
Erlckson, et
al (1970),
AKIC-uV?
Erlckson, et
E! (1970),
AKIC-U49
Erickson, et
£l (1970),
Alabaster
<1969),A1IC-









Alabaster
<1969I .AKIC-
51.25






Alabaster
(1969) .A1IC-
5425





-------
Cuprlc ammonium
sulfate  (as Cu)
Phormidlum
amblguum
Cuprlc chloram In*
Cuorle sulfate
                     Phormldlum
                     anblquum
                     Salve IInus
                     fontlnalIs
                     16-8 in.)

                                   BCFA  --
Cuprlc sulfat*
Cuerlnol
SalvelInus
fontlnalls
(6-8 In.)

Cranqon
crangon
                                   BCFCH
                                   BSA
                                                                       orseawater
                                                                       for some
                                                                       species
0.5-10.0 (16
Percent growth
inhibited!!*)
                                 0.5-10.0  (100
                                 percent growth
                                 Inhibited !<•>

                                 0.038-0.069(59
                                 6 and Zl)
        Of 7i» chemicals evaluated as
alqlcldes, only 1 were more toxic than
CuSOU.  None  Inhibited growth ot
mat-forcing algae »or more than 2 weeks.
CuSCKf formulated with certain wetting
agents was Jiore toxic than CuSOit alone.
Coop**r chloramine was also found to be
more toxic than CuSOU.  No wetting agents
were found to be inhibitory at the
concentrations investigated (0.05 and
0.005 CP">>.  Also reoort-d are factors
affecting growth of  algae in canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management•  No Dractica! environmental
»e-ans were found.

       same as above
                                                       0.017-0.033(58
                                                       337)
                                                       3.3-10  (TZ)
                a*(c«»tfta         The seven blood characteristics
                           of brook trout studied were red blood
                           count, hematoerlt, hpmoaloblnt plasma
                           chloride, plasma qlut^mic oxalscetlc
                           transanina<;e« osmolarltv, and total
                           protein.  Statistically slonlflcant
                           changes were noted in 5 characteristics
                           after 6 days.  Measurable decrease in
                           plasma glutamlc oxaMcetic transaninase
                           was the only change noted after long-tern
                           exposure to lower concentrations.  The
                           authors state that fish blood study can
                           be used as a treasure of their physical
                           condition and lonq-ranqe forecasting of
                           reproductive success and survival.

                a*tcQ        same as above
                a«(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                uous aer-  agents, solvent emulsiflers. pesticides,
                ation, aea-oolychlorlnated blphenylst Pure
                water, and inorganic, and organic chevieals were
                daily      evaluated against as many as ten marina
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)   Published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to  freshwater
                           organisms.
Otto (197fl»,
  ANIC-89.?
                                                                     Otto  (1970),
                                                                     AMIC-892
                                          McKlm, et at
                                          (1970).
                                          ANIC-3H28
                                          HcKlm, et al
                                          M<*70) ,
                                          AtIC-3828

                                          Portmann, et
                                          al (1471),
                                          AMIC-7701

-------
             Compound
           Co.
           Zn
               HI, Cr,
           Cu,
           Zn
               HI, Cr,


Organise
CH, and Pimeohales
crone las







CNt and Catostomus
commer son I



Field Field
Study Location
BSACF Grand River
(ML) at
Wyoming, Mich
Iqan





BSACF Grand River
(ML) at
Wyoming, Mich
Igan
Toxlcity.
Active
Ingredient ,
Pp-
between
1.25-3.75
percent (T3)






between
l.?5-3.TS
percent (T3)

Experimental
Variables.
Controlled
or Noted Consents
a,c,e, con- A mobile bloassay unit Has
ductlvlty, utilized to conduct this study of
Kl,Cu,Cr, Municipal wastewater containing the
CH, and Zn Indicated toxicants. River water was
used as diluent. The conclusion was
'reached that synerglstlc or additive
toxic effects occurred since toxlclty Has
greater than that of any of the Ions
singly.
•,0,0, con" sa»e as above
ductlvlty.
Nl.Cu.Cr,
CH, and Zn


Reference
711 llch
(1969),
AMIC-2906






Zllllch
(1969) .
ANIC-2906

>
I
           ex
Fundulus      BSA
heteroclItus
0.00051-0.00225 a*,c,e.
(TO            and
                synthetic.
                seawater
           CX
           Cyanides
                                Nereis vlrens BS»   —
                                Leoouls       BSA
                                aacrochlrus
                                                                 0.00078-0.0071
                                                                 (TO
                                                                 0.11
                                                 a*,c,e,
                                                 and
                                                 synthetic
                                                 seawater

                                                 a*»e, and
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 •ater
        A laboratory procedure based on
•Standard Methods Tor 96-hr toxlclty
determinations of crude oil and
oll-disoersant mixtures was described.
The dlsoersanfs varied considerably In
toxlclty, ranging from 0.01 to 7.1 ml/1,
TL50 for 96 hr.  These did not differ
significantly from 2
-------
Cyanides
Cyclohexlmlde
                     Physa         BS»
                     heterostrooha
                     Phormldlum
                     •mblguuB
Oalaclda
                     ftasbora
                     heterooorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                      620 (TZI
Oalapon
Oafapon
Fish (not
specified!
Rasbora
heteromoroha
BCF»
and
BSA
                                                      greater than
                                                      100-1000 (K>
                                                      greater than
                                                      500 (TZ,
                                                      hardwater)
                                                  a»,e,  and
                                                  synthetic
                                                  dilution
                                                  Hater
                                                                    same  as above
                                  0.5-10.0  (66
                                  percent growth
                                  inhlbltadl
                                       ,,,
                                   bard (HWJ
                                   or soft
                                   (SWJ syn-
                                   the tic
                                   dilution
                                   water, or
                                   sea, water
                                   for sona
                                   spaeles
a'.c.e.f,
hard (HW>
or soft
(SM)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
(or some
                                                                                        Patrick, «t
                                                                                        al  (1968),
                                                                                        ANIC-5720
                                                     Otto  (1970),
                                                     AHIC-B92
                                                      OT 7i» chemicals evaluated as
                                              atgicldes, only 9 Here more  toxic than
                                              CuSO(».  None Inhibited growth of
                                              ma t-f orminq algae for more than 2 weeks.
                                              CuSOU  formulated with certain wetting
                                              aaents was more toxic than CuSO* alone.
                                              Coooer chloramlne Mas also found to be
                                              more toxic than CuSO25
Hide range of toxlclty scanning l? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

        Aooroxlmate toxlcltles of         Mawdesley-
numerous pesticides commonly used In      Thomas
Britain were summarized. An excellent     ( 19711 ,A1IC-
brlef, general discussion of toxlcity     1056
testing is also present.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wettlnq agents, and           (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AMIC-5V25
wide range of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxicity and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of Materials.  Sometimes

-------
          Compound
                               Organism
                                           Field  Field
                                           Study Location
Toxiclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  PP»
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                         Comments
                                                                                                                                  Reference
                                                                              species
        Oalapon
                             Rasbore       BCF*  —
                             heteroeorpha  and
                                           BS«
>
I
        Oalapon
                             Cardlum edule BSA   —
*3 «T3,
sot t water)








greater than
100 (TZ)





a*.c,». 1,
hard
(HH)or
soft (SHI
synthetic
dilution
water, or
sraMater
tor so>e
species
a«( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea.
water, and
dally
solution
renewal )
        Oalapon
                             Crangon
                             crangon
                                           BSA
greater than
100 (TZI
                           pesticides Mere most toxic In hard Mater
                           and sometimes the opposite Mas true.
                           Testing the actual  material  as sold was
                           found to be essential.

                                  same as above
                                                                                                                                   alabaster
a«{contin-
uous aer-
ation, soa-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                   One hundred-forty surface active
                           •an»nts. solvent emulsIflers. pesticides.
                          .polychlorlnated blphenyls. cure
                           Inorganic, and organic cheirlcals Here
                           evaluated against as many as ten marine
                           organisms.  The authors noted that most
                           published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.

                                  sane as above
                                                     Portm»nn, et
                                                     al (1971),
                                                     AMIC-7701
Portmann, et
al Cig71),
•«c-rroi
        Oalapon
                             Platlcthys
                             flesus
                                           BSA   —
greater than
100 (TZI
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                                sane as above
Portmann. et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701
        DBP
                             Palaenonetes  BCF
                             Nadlakensls
                                                              O.OB (residue)   a*
                                   Magnification of  DOT and Aldrln
                           tagged with C-14 occurred rapidly.
                                                     Johnson, et
                                                     al

-------
        08 P
        ODD «C-1* label led)
                             Palaemonetes, BCF
                             Kadtaken*Is
                             Sorghum
                             ha I oanse
L
(Mod-
el
•oo sr
•tarn)
                                                               O.OOOl  (SB3)
1 Ib per A
(NTE)
a,c»g,
standard
reference
water and
sand
>
        000 fC-lt labelled)
                             Estlqmene
                             acrea
L
(Mod-
el
ecosT
•tea)
1 Ibper A
CK-NTEI
                                                                              standard
                                                                              reference
                                                                              water and
                                                                              sand
                                                                                          Bloloqlcal magnification factors of 2900
                                                                                          to 11*»»100 depending on the species Mere
                                                                                          found for ODT, and ZZ,HOD to IM.DOO for
                                                                                          Aldrln.  Harked degradation of DOT as
                                                                                          determined by analysis for ODT
                                                                                          •etabolltes occurred.  The authors
                                                                                          conclude that aauafIc Invertebrates
                                                                                          Influence Quality and Quantity of
                                                                                          Insecticide residue passed via the fish
                                                                                          food chain.

                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                         U97i),A1IC-
                                                                                         3S20
        This snail  laboratory model
ecosystem procedure was develooed to
study pesticide biodegradabiI 1ty and
ecoloolcal maqnl»leaf Ion.  The food-chain
pathways In this system Mere?  (1)
sorqhuir - caterplller (larva), (?)
caterolller (excreta) - flerloqonlum, (3>
Oedoqonlum - snall<  d) Estlamene
(excreta) - diatoms* C5) Diatoms -
plankton, tfi)  Plankton - Culex (larva*),
(7) Culex - Cambusla.  The fish is the
too of the food chain.  Using
isotoplcally labeled orstlcide^ (1
Ib/acre application rate), residues Mere
determined for only selected organisms
(snail, mosquito, and fish) and water.
Reoroduclbl11ty appeared to be good.  The
authors state that the method gives a
good estimation of the potential  toxlclty
of pesticides and their breakdown
products to a variety of organisms and is
suitable for computer modeling.

       sane as above
Johnson,et
at (1971),
AMIC-3S20

Metcalf, et
al (1971),
AMIC-K.95
                                                     Metcalf, et
                                                     al  (1971),
        000 (C-l* label ltd)  Physa soo
                                           L
                                           (Mod-
                                           el
                                           ecosr
                                           sten)
                                                              5.6  (residue)
                                   standard
                                   reference
                                   water and
                                   sand
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                     Metcalf. et
                                                                     at (1971).
                                                                     AMIC-H95

-------
Coeoound
000 (C-l* labelled)




ODD (C-l* labelled)


ODD CC-1» labelled)




000 (C-lt labelled)




000 (C-l» labelled!





000 IC'lt labelled)




ODD 
-------
          ODD'(C-1»  label!•«)   H»t«r
                                   X
                                    (Hod-
                                   •1
                                                                 0.006
                                                                 (residue)
                                                                                 standard
                                                                                 reference
                                                                                 water and
                                                                                 •and
                                                                                                   *••• as above
                                                                                  detcalf,  at
                                                                                  al  (197H,
                                                                                  •HIC-U95
          000  fo.0")
                                •nqullia
                                rostrata
                                   FRl
                                          St. John,
                                          N.B.,  Can.
                                                       0.19 (residue)   —
01
000 ,
4MIC-371S
                                   S(n«ol«s of Hiiter, silt, hot ton    Houbry, et
                           debris, bottom organisms, and fish were   »l
                           taken in 1966 from a creek adjacent to an (1968),*HIC-
                           orchard which had heen treated in         3753
                           1963-10&5 with various chlorinated
                           hydrocarbon pesticides.  No residues were
                           found In water samples.  Silt samples
                           contained 0.003-0.013 ppm endrln and
                           0-0.005 po* dteldrln. Endrln residues of
                           0.011-D.075 pan and 0.(IO?-I).006 pp*
                           dleldrln were found In debris samples.
                           Oesolte United control data, residue
                           analyses indicated that contamination of
                           the environment studied was United.

-------
>
H
        ODD
        000
        ODD
000
        000
        000
        000
Organism
Phlnlchthys
atratulus
Gamnarus so*
Salvel Inus
fontlnalls
Semotl lus
atromacul atus
Cottus balrdl
Stalls sp.
(larva*)
Car ass lus
auratus
Field Field
Study Location
FS Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,
Misc.
FS Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
wise.
FS Knights
CrreK, Oun
County,
Nlsc.
FS Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,
Misc.
FS Knlqhts
CreeK , Oun
County,
Wise.
FS Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,
Misc.
L —
Toxiclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppa or Noted Comments
0.78 -- sane as above
(tat
residue)
0.007 (Hhole — sane as above
bodyresldue)
residua)
0.26-1. flii -- saae as above
(fat
residua)
0.53-0.67(f at — same as above
residue)
O.V-0.<>7 (fat -- saae as above
residua)
0.003 -- sane as above
(Hholebody
residue)
0.1-0.8 a* Goldfish Mere exoosed to
(residua) Increasing concentrations of DOT and
Reference
Moubry, et
al <196«),
AMIC-3753
Moubry, 
-------
            ODD
            ODD
            000
           DOO
 Palaemonetes  BCF
 ka4IaVensIs
 (adult)

Daphnla maqna BCF
 (adult)
                                 Pal»emonete«   BCF   —
                                 Kadlakensls
                                 (adult)
                                                                  0.0* (residue)  a*
                                                                  0.0001  (SB3)
                                 0.0001  (SBJ)
                                                                                                                                       JOnnson, at
                                                                                                                                       81(1971),
                                                                                                                                       Johns on, et
                                                                                                                                       al  (10711,
                                Archoplltes   FL    Clear Lake.   316  Cflash
                                Interruotus         Cat.          residue!
                                                                                                    sa>e as above
                                                                                                    saae as above
                                                                   same as above                      Johnson,et
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      »Hic-3s?o

                                                                    Residue analysis results mainly   Linn, et al
                                                            for TOE in fish, birds, and plankton from, (1969),'
                                                            1959 through 1965 were reported.  The     AMIC-5521
                                                            residues primarily resulted from
                                                            application of DOT to farmland and for
                                                            gnat control.  In some cases, data for a
                                                            single animal In one year Here given.
                                                            Primary emphasis Mas on largemouth bass
                                                            and white catfish.  The general level of
                                                            TOE contamination in birds and fish
                                                            declined markedly from 1958 to 1965.
                                                            This decline correlated directly tilth
                                                            strict limitation by permits  of DOT
                                                            applications during the latter years.
V/l
           000
           000
           000
Orthodon      FL
•ierolepi-
dotua

Pomoxls       FL
nlgromaeulatu
s

•echnophorus  FL
oeel .
                                                                     •HIC-55?!

-------
Comoound
000
000
000
000
000
000
ODD
000
000

Organism
•rehoolltes
Interruotus
Ictalurus
catus
Ictalurus
catus
Lavlnla
exl llcauda
Lenomls
cyanel lus
Leo om Is
cyanel lus
Mlcrooterus
salmoldes
Mlcroot^rus
sal mo ides
Perca
f 1 avescens
Field Field
Study Location
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FL Clear Lake,
Cal.
FLR 93 sampling
Mass.
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
3,972 (fat
residue)
1.3-1S<» (flesh
residue)
220-2.350 (fat
residue)
less than 1-2
(flesh
residua)
2 (flesh
residue)
103 (fat
residue)
0.2-111 (flesh
residue)
28-1.37 (fat
residue)
0.2«.-5.7

Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
-- same as above Linn, etal
AMIC-5521
-- same as above Linn, et
-- same as above Linn, et
ANIC-5521
-- same as above Llnn,et al
(1969).
AMIC-5521
-- same as above Linn, et al
(1969),«MIC-
5521
same as above Linn, et al
(1969) , 4MIC-
5521
sane as above Llnn.et at
same as above Linn, etal
(1959),
AMIC-5521
™ Fish Indigenous to Massachusetts Lynan, et a:
and DOT metabolites during 1965-1967. AMIC-3839
                                                                                 Generally there Has  an Increase  In
                                                                                 oestlclde content  during  the  three  year
                                                                                 period.
000
                     Leooals
                                   FLR   93 samollng  0-6.T
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Lyaan,  et  at

-------
ODD
DOO
000
090
000
000
ODD
000
OOO
OOO
000
000
gibbosus


Catostomus    FLR



              FLR



              FLR



              FLR
                     letalurus
                     nebulosus
                     Cyprlnus
                     carolo
                     Esox niger
                     Noteniqonus   FLR
                     Senotilus     FLR
                     corporal Is
                                   FLR
                     •aerochlrus
                     Anhlonlltes   FLR
                     ruoestrls
                     Seaotllus     FLR
                     atronaculatus
Mlcrooterus   FLR
dolomieui
                     • losa
                     ps*udo-
                     harengu*
                                   FLR
FunduIus      FLR
het*roelItus
stations In
Mass.

93 saaoling
stations in
Mass.

93 saMoling
stations in
Mast.

93 sanotlnq
stations in
Mass.

93 sampling
stations in
Mass.

93 sanpllnq
stations in
Mass.

93 S4niol inq
stations in
Mills.

93 sainDl ing
stations in
Mass.

93 saopling
stations in
Mass.

93 sampling
stations in
Mass.

93 sanDling
stations In
Mass.

93 saiiDlinq
stations In
Mass.

93 sanoling
stations In
Mass.
                                                       (residue)
                                 8.03-12.5
                                 (residue)
                                                       1.2  (residue)
                                 0.?«.-!.9
                                 (residue)
                                                       0.30  (residue)  —
                                 B.15-2.7
                                 (residue)
                                 D.07-1,.3
                                 (residue)
                                                       (residue)
                                 0.30-10.8
                                 (residue)
                                 o.ie-o.61.
                                 (residue)
0.20-0.90
(residue)
                                                      0.88  (residue)
1.7-3.6
(residue)
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                         saae  as above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         ja»e  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                     (19*8),
                                                                     *MIC-3839

                                                                     Lyaan. et al
                                                                     (19M),
                                                                     IMIC-3839

                                                                     Lywsnt et al
                                                                     (1968).
                                                                     »HIC-3839

                                                                     Ly»an. et al
                                                                     <1«68) t
                                                                     *MIC-3839

                                                                     ly»an, etal
                                                                     (1951),
                                                                     4MTC-3SJ9

                                                                     Lyn^nt «t al
                                                                     (1968).
                                                                     •MIC-3839

                                                                     Lynn, et at
                                                                     (196M.
                                                                     »MIC-3839

                                                                     Ly«an, et al
                                                                     Lynan, et al
                                                                     (196S) i
                                                                     •HIC-3839

                                                                     Lyman, et al
                                                                     (19S8><
                                                                     tMIC-3839
                                                                                                              et  al
                                                                                                       (196S).
                                                                                                       •HIC-JSJ9

                                                                                                       lynan,  et  al
                                                                                                       (19fi8) ,
                                                                                                       »MIC-3839

                                                                                                       Lvoan,  et  al
                                                                                                       (1968),
                                                                                                       AMIC-3839
000
                     NotroDls
                                   FLR    93sa«Dllnq   0.8-2.0
                                                                                         saae  as above
                                                                                                                            Lyaan,  et al

-------
CD
Conoounl


000


000


000


ODD


ODD

Organism
cornutus

Roccus
amerlcanus

Pomoxls
nlgro-
maculatus
Leoomls
aurl tus

Phinichthys
atratulus

Cyprlnus
carpio
Field Field
Study Location
stations In
Mass.
FLR 93 sampling
stations in
Mass.
FLR 93 sampling
stations in
Hiiss.
FLR 93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
FLR 9* samollnq
stations In
Mass.
FR St. Lawrence
Plver,
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
(residue)

O.I.-1.3
(residue)

10.7 (residue)


0.1.6 (residue)


O.VO (residue)


0.38(0.1.0 Don
max tissue
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments Reference
(19MI,
AMIC-3839
-- same as above Lyman, et
(1968) .
AHIC-3839
same as above Lyman, et
(IQftft) ,
AMIC-3839
same as above Lyman, et
( 196(1) .
AMIC-3839
~- same as above Lyman, et
( 1968) ,
AMIC-3839
-- Residues of Onn were measured In Fredeen,
nater, mud, molluscs, and fish during and al (1970)



al


al


al


al


et
,
                                                  Montreal,    residue)
                                                  Canada
                                        after ODD aoollcatlon In 1967.  Samoling  AHIC-53".
                                        DOlnts Here above the point of
                                        aoollcatlon and 10 and 0 DDK
Plver,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.3X0.5? pp>
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.3S (0.<><>PD*
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Fredeen, et
al
(1970) .ACIC-
Fredeen, et
al (1Q70).
AMIC-5J1.
Fredeen, et
al (1978),
4MIC-53".

-------
000
000
000
OOD
ODE IC-1V labelled)
                     F.SOX  luclus    FR
                     Amblootltes
                     Plsldlum sp.  FR
                     Caopeloea sp. FR
                     Sorqhu»
                     ha loans*
L
Uiod-
el
ecosr
staa)
St. Lawrence 0.3S  (1.31
River,       pommax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.34(0.25 pp»
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38  (O.OOlppm
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38  (O.ZZppm
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residua)
Canada

             1 IB par A
             (NTEJ
a.e.g.
standard
reference
Mater and
sand
OOE IC-lt labelled)
                     Estlqaene
                     aerea
L
(Mod-
el
eeosy
•torn)
             1 Ibper A
             (IC-NTE>
a.c,q,
standard
reference
Mater and
sand
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                                                            Fredeen, et
                                                                                                                            at  11970),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-531.
                                                                                                                            FreSeen, et
                                                                                                                            al
                                                                                                                                 1, 4MIC-
                                                                                                                            Fredeen, et
                                                                                                                            al  (1970),
                                                                                                                            •MIC-53*
                                                                                                                            Fredeen, et
                                                                                                                            al  (1970),
                                                                                                                            AMIC-53H
        This snail laboratory model
ecosystem procedure was (level ooed to
study cestlcide blotleqradabl 11 ty and
ecological magnification.  The food-chain
oathwavs In this system were!  (1)
sorqhuw - caterpllier (larva), (2)
caterolller (excreta) - Oeioaonlu", (3)
Oerloqonlun - snail, (i») Estlqmene
(excreta) - diatoms, (5) Diatoms -
plankton, (6)  Plankton - Culex (larvae),
(7) Culex - Ranbusia.  The fish Is the
too of the food chain.  Using
Isotoplcally labeled oesticldes (1
Ib/acre application rate), residues Mere
determined for only selected organises
(snail, mosquito, and fish) and Mater.
ReoroduclblI 1ty appeared to be good.  The
authors state  that the method gives a
good estimation of the potential toxlclty
of pesticides  and their breakdown
products to a  variety of organisms and Is
suitable for computer modeling.

       same as above
Metcalf, et
al (1971),
4MIC-K.95
                                          Metcalf, et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AMIC-1U95
OOE IC-1* labelled)  Physa spp
X
Ufed-
                                                       (residue)
                                                                        .,
                                                                      standard
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                  netcalti
                                                                                  al
                                                                                                                                     et

-------
Compound



OOE (C-lf. labelled)




OOE IC-1* labelled)




OOE (C-lV labelled)




OOE CC-1* labelled)




OOE JC-1* labelled)





OOE IC-1* labelled)





Organism



Daoftnla maqna




Culex ololens
qulnque-
fasolatua


Oedogonlum
cardlacum



Gambusla
afflnls



Diatoms
(Kavlcula,
Cosclnodla-
CU3, Dlp-
lonesa, and
Olatoraella}
Protozoa
(Suclearla,
Coleps,
Vortlcella,
and
Paxamaeium)
Field Field
Study Location
al
»eoay-
stea)
L
(Mod-
el
e co ays
tern)
L
(Mod-
el
eeosy
atea.)
L —
(Mod.
el
eeosy
stem)
L * *
(Mod.
el
ecosy
atom)
1
(Mod.
el
ecosy
a tea)

L
(Mod-
el
ecoay
stem)

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
reference
Hater and
sand
1 Ib per A a.ctq,sfan same as above
(K-NTE) dard
reference
Hater and
sand
169. 9 (residue) a,c,q< same as above
standard
reference
Hater and
sand
1 Ib per A a,c,g, sane as above
(NTE) standard
reference
Hater and
sand
1*9.8 a,c,q1 same as above
(residue) standard
reference
Hater and
sand
1 Ib per A a,c,9, same as above
(NTE) standard
reference
Hater and
sand

1 Ib per A a,c,q, sane as above
(NTEI standard
reference
Hater and
sand

Reference
(1971) ,«MIC-
1*95

"etcalf. et
al (1<»71J,
»NIC-li»95


Metcalt. et
al (1971),
AHIC-1*9S


Hetcalt, et
al (1971) ,
AMIC-1*95


Hetcalf, e»
al (1971),
*HtC-l*95


Metcalt, et
al (1971),
AMtC-ll.95



Me Teal f, et
al (1971),
AMtC-l*95




-------
          Dor IC-l* labelled)
Rotirera      L
(Aaplanchnop-  (Hod.
us, Kotomat-  el
t*, Buclarla, ecosy
Scardlum)     stem)
          DOC  IC-lfc  labelled)   Hater
                                             L
                                             (Hod.
                                             el
                                             •COSTS
                                             t«m)
1 Ib per A
(NTEI



0.008
(rasldua)



a,e,q«
standard
reference
water and
sand
«»o.E»
standard
reference
water and
sand
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                                                     Mefcalf, et
                                                                                                                                     •I(1971),
                                                                                                                                     ANIC-H.95
                                                                                                      Metcalf.  et
                                                                                                      al  (19711.
         oor to.o-i
Anquitla      FRl   St. John,    0.5  {residue)
rostrata            N.B., Can.
E
DOC ID.P-I
DOE lo.O-)
oor lo.o-)
DOE ID. 0-1
DOE lo.o-)
not io.o->
OOE lo.o-l
DOC lo.o->
Esox nlqer
Sal»o salar
Clupea
harenqus
Seonber
scoabrus
Mytl lus
edulls
Gadus "Orhua
Urophycls
tenuls
Hlppo-
glossoidea
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
St. John,
N.R. , Can.
St. John,
N.B., Can.
St. John,
N.B., Can.
St. John,
N.P., Can.
St. John,
N.R., Can.
St. John,
N.P. , Can.
St. John,
St. John,
N.R., Can.
0.16 (residue)
0.22 (residue)
0.06-0.21.
(residue)
0.07 (residue)
0.0?(resldue)
0.01 (residue)
0.02 (residue)
0.01 (residue)
        PCB**s were found In hlqher
concentrations than orqanoch)orine
pesticides In all fish analyTrrt.  Th*
authors point out that PCB Is less toxic
In an acute sens* than organochlorlnes,
that little Is Known of sublethal PCB
effects, and that More Knoxtedqe of PCB
distribution and effects Is needed.

       sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  save as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                                                     Zltko(1971),
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-3715
                                                                                                      7ltKo
                                                                                                      (1<»71>
                                                                                                      371S

                                                                                                      ZltHo
                                                                                                      (1971)
                                                                                                      3715

                                                                                                      3Tltho(1971)
                                                                                                                                     4MIC-371S
                                                                                                                                     371S
                               Dlatessoldes
                                                                                                      AMIC-3715

                                                                                                      Zltko
                                                                                                      C1971).
                                                                                                      AMIC-3715
          DOE lO.D-t
                               Sebastodes    FRL
                                                   St.  John,
                                                                trace
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                                                     71tko(1971),

-------
>
Coaoound

ooe

ooe
ooe
ooe
ooe
ooe
ooe
one
one
ooe
ooe
Organise
aarlnus
Carp

Channe 1
catfish
Radhors*
sucker
Gizzard shad
Spotted
sucker
Blueqltls
Redbreast
sun fish
Striped
aullet
Blue catfish
Dock bass
Freshwater
drua
Field
Study

FRL

FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
Toxlclty, experimental
Active Variables.
Field Inqradlent, Controlled
Location Po« or Noted
N.fl., Can. (residue)
NIsc. states 0.03-2.93 —
residue (SB)

Misc. states 0.0<>-<>2.3
residue (SB)
Hlsc. states 0.03-0.36
residue (SB)
Hisc. states 0.27-1.5",
residue (SB)
Hlsc. states 0.29-0.1.5
residue (SB)
Misc. states O.Dt-O.Bl
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.02 residue ~
(SB)
Misc. states O.OR-<,.55
residue (SB)
Misc. states 1.87 residue
(SB)
Misc. states 0.08-0.60 —
residua (SB)
Misc. states 0.26 residua —
(SB)
Coaments

saae as above

saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
siae as above
saae as above
saae as above
saae as above
Reference
•HIC-3711
Henderson,
et al
11,07
Henderson,
et al (1971),
»MIC-1<»07
Henderson, et
al (1971),
Henderson,
et al (1971),
• 1IC-11.07
Henderson,
et al I19'l>,
»MIC-1<»07
Henderson,
*MIC-1'»07
Henderson,
et al (1971),
Henderson,
etal (1971),
Henderson,
et 3IC19M),
«MIC-1<»07
Henderson,
MIC-H.07
Henderson,
et al 11971),
AMIC-1407

-------
         OOE
         OOF
                              Bloater
                                            FRL   Misc.
                                               states  l.OT-3.52
                                                       residue  CSB)
                     lake          FRL
                     unite*Ish
                    Misc. states  0.3* residue
                                  (SB)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Henderson et
aidant,
»MIC-1<«07

Henderson,
etal  (1971),
         OOE
                              lake trout    FRL   Misc.
                                               states  0.0*-fl.98
                                                     •  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                            (1171),
K
         OOE
        ooe
OOE
        OOF
                              HMte crapple FRL   Misc.
                                               states 0.03-9.23
                                                      residue  (SB)
                     Biqaoutn      FRL
                     buttalo
                     Saatlnouth    FRL
                     buffalo
                              Flath«ad       FRL
                              catfish
                                                  Misc.
                          states 0.19-0.62
                                 residue  (SB)
                    Misc. states O.V6 residue
                                 (SB)
                                         Misc. states 0.82 residue
                                                      (SB)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                       Henderson, et
                                                                                                       • I  (19711,
Henderson, et
at
Henderson, et
al 11971).
»Mic-i«.n7

Henderson,
etal  (1971).
        OOE
                              Goldeye        FRL   Misc.
                                               states 0.03-0.29
                                                      residue (SB)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                       et  al tl<)71),
                                                                                                       »MIC-1<»07
        DOE
        oor
        ooe
                              Hal I eye
                              Sauaer
                                            FRL   Misc.
                                               states 0.05 residue
                                                      (SB)
                                   FRL   Misc. states 0.36 residue
                                                      (SB)
                              Flannelaouth  FRL   Misc.  states 0.13 residue
                              sucker                           (SB)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 saee as above
                                                                                                       Henderson,
                                                                                                       et  al
                                                                                                       1*07

                                                                                                       Henderson, et
                                                                                                       al (1971),
                                                                                                       4MTC-H07

                                                                                                       Henderson, et
                                                                                                       al  (1971),
                                                                                                       AMIC-1487
        ooe
         ooe
• lack
bullhead
                                   FRL   Misc. states 0.03-0.0<>
                                                      residue (SB)
                     tthlta bass    FRL   Misc. states 0.13 residue
                                                      (SB)
                                                                                                 saae as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Hendersor»»et
al (1971),
»MIC-1*07

Henderson,
et al(1971),

-------
Conoound

OOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
OOE
DOE
OOE
OOE
Orqanls*

Black crapple
Larqescale
sucker
Saul mouth
bass
Northern
squaii fish
Chlselnouth
Klanath
sucker
RalnboH trout
Brldqellp
sucker
•rctlc
qrayl Ing
found
•hltef Isn
Lonqnose
sucker
Toxlelty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Study Location Ppa or Noted

FRL HIsc.
FRL Misc.
FRL HIsc.
FRL Misc.
FRL HIsc.
FRL HISC.
FRL Misc.
FRL MISC.
FRL HIsc.
FRL MISC.
FRL HIsc.

states 0.40-0.94
residue (SB)
States 0.12-0.47
residue (SB)
states 0.30-0.94
residue (SB)
States 0.48-1.87
residue (SB)
states 0.14-0.70
residue (SR)
states 0.02 residue
(SB)
states 0.08-0. SO
residue (SB)
states 0.15 residue
(SB)
states 0.25 residue —
(SB)
states O.Z7 residue
(SB)
states 0.01-0.94 ~
resldue (SB)
Comments

saae as above
saae as above
saoe as above
sane as above
save as above
sane as above
saae as above
saae as above
sane as above
saae as above
saee as above
Reference
•MIC-1407
Henderson.et
at (1971),
*MIC-I497
Henderson, et
al (1971),
•MIC-1407
Henderson, et
al (l«7l).
Henderson, et
a) I197H,
•NTC-1407
Henderson,
etal Ctfl'l),
•NIC-14D7
Henderson,
etal (1971),
•MIC-14B7
Henderson, et
al (1971),
•WIC-1497
Henderson, et
al (1971),
•MIC-1407
Henderson,
etal (1071),
•MIC-1407
Henderson,
etal 11971),
•MIC-1407
Hen Person, et
al (14711,
•HIC-1407

-------
OOE
                     WMt« sucker   FRL    Misc.  states 0.05-1..8?
                                                       residue  (SB)
DOC
                     Yellow perch  FRL    Misc. states  0.03-2.1.1
                                                       residue  (SBI
                                                                                                   The  Bureau  of Sport Fisheries
                                                                                          continued  Its  fish  Monitoring orogra« by
                                                                                          collecting 147 composite  fish sanoles
                                                                                          fro*  50  nationwide  monitoring stations
                                                                                          durlnq the fall ot  1464.  Fish were
                                                                                          analyzed for residues of  11
                                                                                          orqanochlorlne Insecticides, llplds. and
                                                                                          PCB-s.

                                                                                                 same  as above
                                          Henderson.
                                          et al
                                          •1971).
                                          1MIC-IV07
                                                                                                                                    Henderson,
                                                                                                                                    etal  (19T1),
r
Ml
OOE
OOE
DOE
OOE
DOE
OOE
                     Chain
                     pJeKerel
                                            FRL   Misc. states 0.06 residue
                                                               CSS)
                     Mhlte catfish FRL   Misc. states  0.38-0.86
                                                       residue  (SB)
                     Mhlte perch   FRL   disc, states 0.6«.-10.9
                                                      residue  (SBI
                     Goldfish
                                   FRL   Misc. states 1.Z4 residue
                                                      (SBI
                     Puaptilnseed   FRL   Misc. states 0.33 residue
                                                      
-------
   Compound
Field  Field
Study location
Toxlcity.
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
 ODE
 DOE
 oor
 DOE
 ODE
 ODE
ME
                      Slat Is so.    FS
                      (larvae)
                      Gawmarus so.  FS
                      Salvellnus    FS
                      fontlnallt
                      Scootllus     FS
                      atromaeulatus
                      Cottus bairdl FS
                      Rhlnlchthys   FS
                      atratulus
                     Enqraulls     FH
                     •ordax
      Knlqhts
      CreeK, Dun
      County,
      Wise.

      Knlqhts
      Creek, Oun
      County,
      Misc.

      Knlqhts
      Creeh , Dun
      County,
      Misc.

      Knlqhts
      Creek, Oun
      County,
      Misc.
      Knlqhts
      CroeK,
      County,
      MlfSC.
                                                 Oun
0.005
(Hholebody
residue)
                                                       O.OKwhole
                                                       bodyresldue)
                                                       reaidua)
0.3-l.Mfat
residue)
1.0Z-1.53(fat
residue)
                                                       0.6-0.7 (fat
                                                       residue)
                                              0.011-0.075 pom and 0.003-0.006 ppm
                                              dleldrln were found In debris samples.
                                              nesoite limited control  data, residue
                                              analyses Indicated that  contamination of
                                              the environment studied  xas limited.

                                                     same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
      Knlqhts      1.92(fat
      CreeK, Oun   residue)
      County,
      Misc.

     Pacific       0.06-0.17(res
     Northwest     Idue)
     Coast, Grays
     Harbor,
     Mash.
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     Houbry, et
                                                     al
                                                                     Noubry, et
                                                                     a I (1468),
                                                     Houbrvt et
                                                     a I  (1968),
                                                     Houbrv, et
                                                     al  (1468),
                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                     al  (1«6«),
                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                     at  (1<>68>.
                                                                     AHIC-3753
                                   Pesticides  from  the  Columbia      Stout
                          River  Into  Puget  Sound apparently          11968),
                          contaminated  fish const It ut inn commercial  «NIC-378I>
                          catches  in  Pacific  Northwest waters.
                          Residues In these marine products  were
                          substantially  lower than the FDA
                          tolerance for  beef  (7 pom).   Fish  from
                          locations near the  mouth of  the Columbia
                          River  had higher  pesticide content than
                          ones caught farther away.

-------
                                          Hash.
DOE
our
OOE
ODE
DOE
ooe
DOC
ODE
OOE
Sohastodes FM
f 1 av 1 -Jus
Sehastodes FM
ftavlfius

Platlehthys FM
stet latus
Gadus FM
•acroceohalus
Cancer FH
Cancer FM
•aqlster
Parophrys FM
vetulus
Herlucclus FM
eroductus
Herlucclus FM
oroductus
Paclf Ic
Northwest
Coast,
Hecate
Strait. B.C.
Paclf Ic
Northwest
IlMaco,Wash.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Rlalne,
Hash.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Blalne.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
destruction
Island,
Hash.
Paelf Ic
Northwest
Coast,
I)wacor
Hash.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast ,
Rlalne,
Hash.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast ,
Sarasota
Passage.
Hash.
Pacific
Northwest
0.07-0.08
(residue)
(residue)

O.OZ(resldue)
0.01 (residue)
0.039(resldue>
0.03-0.0e  as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                                           Stout
Stout
(19*8),
Stout
 (1968).
AMIC-3784
Stout
 (1968),
AMIC-37BI.
Stout
(19681,
Stout
(1968) ,
                                                                                                                           Stout
Stout
(1968),
«MIC-378*
Stout
(1968).

-------
Compound

ODE
DOE
DOE
oor
DOC
DOC
ODE
Organism

Her lucclus
produc tus
Her lucclus
produc tus
(f Ishmeal)
Sebastodes
alutus
Carasslus
auratus
Trlturus
erlstatus
Rana
temporarla
Daphnia maqna
(adult)
Field Field
Study Location
Coast t Fort
Susan, Wash.
FH Pacific
Northwest
Coast, Caee
Foul Heather,
Ore.
FN Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Aberdeen,
Wash.
FH Pacific
Northwest
Coast.
Hecate
Strait, B.C.

L —
L
BCF —
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pon

0.07(resldue)
O.Z7 (residue)
0.01 (residue)
fc.7-8.2
(residue)
O.Z3-0.fH
(residue)
0.001-0.01
•icrogram
(residue)
l.S (residue)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

same as above
sa.«e as above
sane as above
a* Goldfish were exposed to
Increasing concentrations of DOT and
residues determined after 21 days of
exoosure* Host DOT ha*1 been converted to
ODE. Phenobarital had no significant
effect on Insecticide residues.
— DOT caused hyperact Ivlty In
exoos'ed tadpoles. This caused Increased
caoture lunges of newts thus Increasing
the predatory efficiency of the newts.
DDT had no apparent effect on the newts.
~ save as above
a* Magnification of DDT and Aldrln
taqqed with C-l,100 depending on the species were
Reference
4MIC-378I.
Stout
(19M).
ANIC-37**
Stout
(19681,
AHIC-378*
Stout
(196S),
•MIC-378*
Young, etal
(19711 ,
AHIC-3796
Cooke
(1971) ,
ANIC-381*
Cooke
(1971),
AHIC-3SH
Johnson, et
al
(1971), AMIC-
3830
found for DOT, and 22,800 to 1 ".1,000 for
Aldrln.  narked degradation of DDT as
determined by analysis for DOT
metabolites occurred.  The authors

-------
          DOC
                               Gaonarus
                               faselatuv
                               lalultl
                                             BCF   —
                                                                0.* (residue)   a*
                                                                                           conclude that aquatic Invertebrates
                                                                                           Influence quality and quantity of
                                                                                           Insecticide residue passed via the fish
                                                                                           food chain.

                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                      Johns on v et
                                                                                                      at
                                                                                                      (1971). AKIC-
                                                                                                      3830
          DOE
          09E
Palaeaonetes  BCF
kadlakensis
(adult)
Hexaqenla
bltineata
(nyaph)
                                             BCF   —
                                                                0.7 (residue)   a*
                                                                I.I. (residue)   a>
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saea as above
                                                                                                      Johnson, et
                                                                                                      al (1971),
                                                                                                      Johnson, et
                                                                                                      al
                                                                                                      (19M)
t
§
          OOF
          ooe
Isehnora
vertically
Inaiadt
                                             BCF   ~
Llbetlula sp. BCF
Inniadt
                                                                8.2 (residual   a*
                                                                O.OZ (residue)  a*
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                      Jchnson,
                                                                                                      al
                                                                                                      3820

                                                                                                      Johnson, et
                                                                                                      al (19711,
                                                                                                      4HIC-3*?1)
          ooe
ChlrononuS    8CF
sp. I larval
                                                                0.1 (residue)   »•
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                      Johnson, et
                                                                                                      al
                                                                                                                                     38ZO
          ooe
Daohnla vaqna BCF
(adultt
                                                                0.0001 (SB3)    a*
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                      Johnson,et
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
          ooe
          DOC
          ooe
          ooe
                               Ganearus
                               fasclatus
                               (adult)
                                             BCF   ~
Palaenonetes  BCF
kadlakensls
(adult)
Hexaqenla
blllneata
(nynoh)

Ischnura
vertical Is
(naiad)
                                             BCF   —
                                             BCF   ~
                                                                0.0001 ISB3)    a»
                                                                0.0001 (SB3)    a*
                                                                0.0001 (SB!)    a*
                                                                0.0001 (SB3)    a*
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                      Johnson,«t
                                                                                                      al  (19711,
                                                                                                      a«IC-3S20

                                                                                                      Johnson,«t
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      AHIC-3820

                                                                                                      Johnson,et
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      4MIC-3823

                                                                                                      Johnson, «t
                                                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                                                      »MIC-38?0

-------
Compound
OOF
DOE
ODE
Organise
Llbellula sp.
(naiad)
Chlronomus
sp. (larva)
Hlcropterus
Field Fl«ld
Study Location
8CF
BCF —
FL Clear Lake,
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlent.
PD«
0.0001 (SB3)
0.0001 (SS3)
0.3-9 (flesh
Experimental
Variables.
Control 1 ed
or Noted
a»
a*
—
Comments Peference
sane as above Johnson, et
al (1971),
ANIC-3820
same as above Johnson, et
al (1071),
AMIC-382D
Residue analysis results mainly Linn, et
OJ
o
         ODE
                               Mlcropterus   FL
                               sal no Ides
Clear Lake,
Cal.
82 Itat
residue)
                                        tor TDF In fish, birds, and olanhfon fron AL(1969),
                                        19S9 throuqh 1965 Here reoorted.  The     AHIC-5521
                                        residues urlmarlly resulted Iron
                                        aoollcatlon of DOT to Tarmland and Tor
                                        gnat control*  In some cases* data for a
                                        slnqle animal in one year- xore qlvcn.
                                        Primary emphasis was on larqemouth bass
                                        and Hhlte catfish.  Th«. general level of
                                        TOE contamination In birds and fish
                                        declined markedly from 195ft to 196S.
                                        This decline c-prrelated directly with
                                        strict limitation by Demits of DOT
                                        apollcatlons durlnq the latter years.
                                                                                                  same as above
                                          Linn, et al
                                          (19691 .AMIC-
         DOE
         OOE
          OOE
          DOE
                               Aechmophorus  FL
                               occidental Is
                               Larus sop.    FL
                               Larus         FL
                               del attar ensls
                               Perca         FLR
                               llavescens
Clear Lake,
Cal.
                                                   Clear Lake,
                                                   Cal.
Clear Lake,
Cal.
93 samolIng
stations In
Mass.
33-3,360 (tat
residue)
             300-<»OZ
             (residue)
9?-2700 (fat
residue)
0.35-3.6
(residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
        Fish Indiqenous to Massachusetts
freshwater streams Here analyzed for DOT
and DOT metabolites durinq 196S-1967.
Generally there Mas an Increase in
pesticide content during the three year
period.
                                          Linn, et
                                          AL(l<"i9>,
                                          AMIC-55?!

                                          Linn, et at
                                          11969),
                                          AMIC-55?!

                                          Linn, et al
                                          (1969),A1IC-
                                          5521
Lyman, et
(1968),
AMIC-3S39
                                                                                                                                               al

-------
r
H
U)
         ODE
         DOE
         OOF
         DOC
         one
DOE
                     Ltoomls
                     qlbhosus
                              Catostomu*
                              eownersonl
                               Ictalurus
                               nebulosus
                              Cyprlnus
                              carplo
                              ESOK nlqer
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
                                             FLR
                                            FLR
                                            FLR
Not*nlqonus   FLR
ervsolvueas
93 sanpl 109
stations In
Mass.

43 sanollng
stations In
Mass.

93 sane) Ing
stations In
Mass.

93 sanding
stations In
Mass.

93 saniDl Ing
stations In
Mass.

93 sa»Dl Inq
stations In
                                 0.16-3.9
                                 fresldue)
                                                       (residue)


                                                       D.9 (residue)
                                                       1.6-U.8
                                                       (residue)
                                                       o.g
-------
           Compound
ro
         DOE
         DOC
         DOE
         OOf
         00r
         OOE
         OOC
        OOF
Organism
Notrools
cor nut us
POCCUS
amerlcanus
Pomoxls
nl£po~
•teulatus
Fundulus
dlaphanu
Notropls
ana tost anus
Leoomls
aur Jtus
Phlnlebthys
atratulus
Cvprlnu*
carple
Field
Study
FLR
FL*
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FR
Field
Location
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
4J sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Nass.
93 sampling
stations In
Pass.
St. Laurence
Plver,
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
0.50-2.6
(residua)
tt.3k-l.it
(residue)
1.9* (residue)
2.35 (residue)
0.53 (residue)
O.it6 (residue)
0.*8-0.50
(residue)
0.36(0.32 ppm
max tissue
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Comments
— same as above
same as above
™ same as above
~ same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
-- Residues of DDO Mere measured
Hater, mud, me II uses, and fish during
Reference
lyman, et al
(1468),
AMlC-^839
Lynan, et al
(146*),
AMTC-3839
Lyman, et al
(1958).
AHIC-383<»
UVSP, »t at
(J968),
AMIC-3S39
Lyman, et al
(19&8),
AHIC-3839
Ly«an,et al
(1968) ,
AHIC-S839
Cyan, et al
(14<>«),
' AMIC-3839
In Fredeen, et
and al (1470) ,
                                                  Montreal,    residue)
                                                  Canada
                                       after 000 application  In  1967.  Sampling  ANIC-53fe
                                       points  »<>re  above  the  oolnt of
                                       application  and 10 and <»S mi doMnstream.
                                       Resllues from unKnoHn  sources Here
                                       detected uostrean.  Downstream residues
                                       Here more than tMice those obtained
                                       upstream (0.156 versus 0.369 ppm).  The
                                       highest concentration  In  an Individual
                                       fish was 1.81 ppm.
         oor
         ooc
                              Amelurus
                              nebulosuv
                              P«rca
                              flavescens
                                            FR
                                            FR
St. Lawrence 0.38(0.12 ppa
Plver,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawance 0.38 (O.Olppm
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 saae as above
Fredeen, et
al (1470).
ANIC-53i»
Fredeen, et
al (1970),
•NIC-53*

-------
         DOE
         DOE
         OOE
         ooe
         OOf
                              Esox  luclus    FR
tebloollte*
rupestrl*
                                             FR
                              PlsMlum sp.  FR
                              Caeoeloma sp. FR
                              Catostomus
                              Connerson I
                                            FR
h
to
         DOT (C-l* labelled)  Oaphnla maqna BCF
                              (adult I
 St. Lawrence  0.38  (0.<»3
 River.        ppmmax  tissue
 Montreal,     residue)
 Canada

 St. Laurence  8.3*10.05 ope
 River,        max  tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Laxrence 0.38 (0.0>iDDa
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    resldu)
Canada

St. Lanrenee 0.38 <0.09pom
River,       «ax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Laxrence 0.38(0.3? op*
River,       eax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

—•           6.7-9.2
              (residue)
         DOT  (C-lt labelled!   Culex plotens RCF   —
                              (larva)
         DOT tC-lt labelled)   Daphnla oaqna BCF   —
                              (adultl
                                                               13.9 (residue)   a*
                                                               0.0001 (SB3)     a*
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                 saxe as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                    Maqnlf(cation of DOT and Aldrln
                                                            taqqed xlth C-IU occurred rapidly.
                                                            Bloloqlcal magnification factors of ?900
                                                            to 1ft, 100 dependlnq on the species nere
                                                            found tor DOT, and ?Z,ftOO to 11.1,000 for
                                                            Aldrln.  Marked deqradatlon of DOT as
                                                            determined by analysis for DDT
                                                            metabolites occurred.  The authors
                                                            conclude that aquatic invertebrates
                                                            Influence quality and quantity of
                                                            Insecticide residue passed via the fish
                                                            food chain.

                                                                   same  as above
                                                                                                                                     Fredeen,  ef
                                                                                                                                     al  (1970).
                                                                                                                                     Fredeen,  et
                                                                                                                                     al
                                                                                                      Fredeen,  ef
                                                                                                      al  (1970),
                                                                                                      Fredeen,  et
                                                                                                      al  (1970),
Fredeen, ei
al
(1970),^TC-
53",

Johnson, er
  al  (1971),
«HIC-38?0
                                                                                                 seme as above
                                                                                                     Johnson,«t
                                                                                                     al  (1471),
                                                                                                     4HTC-38ZO

                                                                                                     Johnson,*t
                                                                                                     al  (1971),
         DOT (C-lt labelled)   Cammarus      BCF   —
                              tasclatus
                              (adult)

         DOT (C-l* labelled)   nrconeetes    BCF   —
                              nals (adult)
                                                               0.0001 (SH3)     a*
                                0.0001 (SB3)    a*
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                  same as above
                                                                                  Johnson,*t
                                                                                  al (1971),
                                                                                  4HTC-JS20

                                                                                  Johnson,et
                                                                                  al (1971),
                                                                                  Amc-3820
         DOT (C-1V labelled)   P«l»e«onetes  BCF
                              kadlakensls
                              (alult)

         DOT «C-1* label led!   Hexaqenla     RCF
                              blllneata
                                                               0.0001 (SB3)     a*
                                O.OOOKSB3)     a*
                                                                                                 saae as above
                                                                  saaa as above
                                                                                  Johnson, et
                                                                                  al  (1971),
                                                                                  AHT.C-3B20

                                                                                  Johnson,et
                                                                                  al  (1971).

-------
Compound

DOT (C-l* label ledl
DOT (C-m labelled)
DOT (C-l«. labelled!
DOT (C-l* labelled)
DOT (C-l* labelled)
DOT (C-l* labelled)
DOT (C-l* labelled)
DOT (C-l* labelled)
Field Field
Oraanlsm Study Location
(nynoh)
Slphlonurus BCF
sp (nymph)
Ischnura BCF —
vert leal Is
Inalad)
LI Del tula sp. BCF —
(naiad)
Chlronotus BCF —
sp. (larva)
Cut ex Plolens BCF
(larva)
Gavmarus BCF ~
faselatus
(adult)
Orconectes BCF —
nals (adult)
Pala««on«tes BCF —
kadlakensls
(adult)
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredtent,
Pp.

0.0001 ISB3)
O.OOOKSB3)
0.0001 (SB3)
0.0001 (SB3)
0.0001 (SB3)
1.3-1.7
(residue)
O.Z (residue)
0.3-0.5
(residue)
Exo«rt««ntal
Variables.
Controlled
or Noted Comments

a* same as above
a* sane as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
a* same as above
Reference
AMTC-382H
Johnson, et
al (1971),
ANrC-3»»0
Johnson, et
al 11971),
AMIC-7S70
Johnson, et
al (1971),
*HIC-3«?0
Johnson, et
al 11971),
»MIC-*»21
Johnson, et
al (1971),
»MIC-3»?0
Johnson, et
al (1971),
*HIC-X8'9
Johnson, *t
al (1971),
*NIC-3B?0
Johnson, et
al (1971),
4HIC-38ZO

-------
        DOT  IC-1%  labelled)  Hexagenla      BCF    --
                             blllneata
                             (nymoh)

        DOT  IC-1»  labelled)  Slphlonurus    BCF    —
                             sp.  (nvmoM
        DOT (C-l»  labelled)  Ischnura      BCF    —
                             vertical Is
                             (naiad)

        DOT IC-lt  labelled)  Libel lula sp. BCF
                             
                    0.3-1.7
                    (residue)
                    1.1  (residue)
                    0.2-0.1.
                    (residue)
                    O.OU-0.1
                    (residue)
                                  save as above
                                                      sa*e  as above
                                  same as above
                                  same as above
                                                                     Johnson, et
                                                                     at  (19711,
                                                                     »MIC-3»?0

                                                                     Johnson, et
                                                                     al  (107U,
                                                                     Johnson, et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     Johnson, et
                                                                     al (1971),
        DOT (C-t* labelled)  Chlronomus
                             sp. (larva)
        DOT IC-lt labelled)  Estl
-------
ON
Compound
DOT IC-1* labelled)





DOT IC-1* labelled)




DDT IC-1* labelled)



DOT IC-1* labelled)




DOT IC-1* labelled)




DDT IC-1* labelled)




DOT IC-1* labelled)




DOT IC-1* labelled)




Orqanlsa
Protozoa
(Huclearla,
Coleps,
Vortieella,
and
Paramecium)
Rotifers
(Aaplanchnop-
ua, Notomat-
ta, Euclarls,
Scardlum)
Hater



Physa spp




Oaphnla naqna




Culex plplens
quinque-
faseiatua


Oedogonlue
cardlecue



Ca.busla
•ffinls



Field Field
Study Location
I.
(Mod-
el
a co ay
stem)

T. «
(Hod-
el
a COST
a tan)
L
(Mod-
el
ecoar
•tea)
L
(Mod-
al
•COST
•tern)
L —
(Mod-
el
ecogr
stem)
I* •—
(Mod.
el
ecosys
teal)
L "*"
(Mod-
el

•tea?
I ~
(Mod-
el
•OOST
•teal)
Toxlcity.
Active
Inqredienf ,
Ppi»
1 tb per A
(NTE)




1 Ib per A
(NTE)



0.00*
(residue)


?e.9 (residue)




1 Ib per A
IK-NTCI



8.9(resldue)




1 Ib per A
(NTE)



5*. 2 (residue)




Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted com«ent*
a.c.q, same as above
standard
reference
Hater and
sand

a.c.q, sane as above
standard
reference
Mater and
sand
»,c,g, sane as above
standard
reference
water and
sand
a.c.q, sa»e as above
standard
reference
Hater and
sand
a,c,q, sane as above
standard
reference
Hater and
sand
a,c,q, save as above
standard
reference
Mater and
sand
a.c.q. sea* as "above
standard
reference
Mater and
sand
a.c.q. see* es above
standard
reference
Mater end
•end
Reference
Hetcalf, et
al (1971).
AMIC-1'»9';



Metcalf, et
81(1971),
AMIC-l"»9S


Metcatf, et
al (1971).
AIIC-1't'W

Metcalf. et
al (1971) ,
AMIC-U95


Metcalf, et
al (19711.
AMIC-l*^


Hetcalf, et
al (197H,
ANIC-1*95


Hetcalf. et
81(1971),
ANIC-l'.OT


Hetcalf. et
el (1971).
•mc-i*«/s



-------
          DOT IC-l«t labelled)
          DOT JC-1* labelled!
                               (ItavlcuLa,    (Mod-
                               Coaclnodla-   al
                               cua,  Dip-     ecosy
                               lonaaa, and   at«m)
                               Olatoaalla)
                               S»lweI Inus
                               fontin*lls
                                             BCFCM —
H
U)
         ODT    labelled)
         DOT  to,o-»
                                    lInus
                               fontlnal Is
                              Rasbora
                              heteromorpha
                                             BCFCH —
              BCFA
              and
              BSt
         DOT  (olus DOT
         analogs)
LlmnephlI us
rhombleus
I larvae)
                                             FS
                                                                1 Ib per *
                                                                (NTE)
                                  0.000003
                                  (0.0?56ppm
                                  accumulation
                                  120  d)
                                                  a,e.g.
                                                  standard
                                                  reference
                                                  water and
                                                  sand
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                  Metcalf, et
                                                                                  al  (1971),
                                                                                  »HIC-1«.95
                                  0.0US mg  par Kg a
                                  (1.92PPM
                                  accumulation
                                  120 d)
                                   This study was an attempt to
                           evaluate, under laboratory conditions,
                           the relative Importance of food and water
                           as sources of DDT for fish and to relate
                           these observations to natural
                           environments.  To simulate conditions in
                           Lake Michigan, fish were exposed to water
                           containing 3 ctus or minus 0.3 pot ODT,
                           and others were fed 3 plus or minus 0.15
                           ppm DOT (0.01»<< mg/Hq/day) for 120 days.
                           Whole hody accumulations were determined
                           throughout the test by measuring C-l*
                           radioactivity in fish.  The re-suits show
                           that fish accumulated 3.5 percent of the
                           DOT available in the water and 35.5
                           percent of that available in food.  It is
                           concluded that the food chain Is the
                           major source of ODT in fish.

                                  same as above
                                                                                  Hacek, et al
                                                                                  (1970),
                                                                                                                                            et  al
                                                                                                                                     AMIC-8i.li
                                                                0.03  (Tl)
Knights
Creek• Dun
County,Wise.
0.02". (whole
body residue)
a»,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
hard (HH)  pesticides, wettlnq *grn*s» and           (1969),
or         miscellaneous water pollutants shoxed a   AMIC-5U25
SOTTISH)   wide range of toxlcity sosnninq 1? orders
synthetic  of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
dilution   percentaoe of all co-noonents of a
water, or  formulation did not result in easy
seawater   predictability of the toxiclty of a
for some   mixture of materials.  Sometimes
species    pesticides were most toxic in hard water
           and soiretimes the opposite was true.
           Testing the actual material as sold was
           found to be essential.

                   Samoles of water, silt, bottom    Houbry, et
           debris, bottom organisms, and fish were   al (19681,
           taken In 19fi6 from a creek adjacent to an »»IC-3753
           orchard which had been treated in
           1963-1965 with various chlorinated
           hydrocarbon pesticides.  No resloues were

-------
  Comoound
                       Organism
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient,
                             Experimental
                             Variable*.
                             Control led
                             or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
DOT (otus DOT
analogs)
DOT (olu« DOT
analogs)
DOT (olus DOT
analogs)
DOT (otus DOT
analogs)
ODT (olus DOT
analogs)
DOT (olus DOT
analogs)
DOT (olus 01T
analogs)
DOT (olus DOT
analogs)
DOT (olus DOT
analogs!
Stalls sp.    FS
(Iftrvae)
                     Canoarus SO*
SalvelInus
fontlnalls
                                   FS
Senotllus     FS
atromarulatus
                     Cottus balrdl FS
Phlnlchthys   FS
atratulus
Salvellnus    FS
fontinalIs
Semotllus     FS
atromaculatus
                     Cottus balrdl FS
Knlqhts
CreeKt Dun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek. Dun
County,
Wise.

Knlqhts
CreeK. Dun
County,Misc.

Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,Wise.

Knlqhts
Creek,
OunCounty,
Hlsc.

Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,Hlsc.

Knlqhts
CreeK, Oun
County,Wise.

Knights
CreeK, Oun
County,Hlsc.

Knlqhts
CreeK,
0.016 (whole
body residue)
                                 0.001-0.013
                                 (whole body
                                 residue)
0.01.2-0.155
(Hhol« body
residue)

0.061-0.076
(whole body
residue)

0.03*«),
amc-3753
                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                     al  (146ft) ,
                                                                     AMIC-3753
Moubry, et
a I  (14681.
»HIC-3753

Mouhry,et a)
(196S) ,
4MIC-3753

Noufry, rt
al  (19681,
&MIC-3753
Noubry. et
al (1968),
4HIC-3753

Houbry, et
al (11681,
Moubry, et
al (1968),
4MIC-37S3

MouS>ry, et
al (1968),

-------
         DOT to I us DOT
         analogs)
                     Phlnichthys
                     atratulus
DOT fplus 20 percent Rasbora
non-l»nlc            heteromorpha
••ulslfler, 60
percent naphtha)
                                            FS
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            8S»
                                          DunCounty,
                                          wise.

                                          Knights      ?.»  (fat
                                          Creek, Oun   residue)
                                          County,Misc.

                                                      0.11  CT2)
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-3753
r
\o
09T (olus ?Q percent Rasbora
non-Ionic            hetero«oroha
eeulsitler, 60
percent naphtha. In
acetonel
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            USA
                                                               0.02 (T2)
                                                                      a«,c,e,f,
                                                                      hard (KW)
                                                                      or soft
                                                                      ISW) syn-
                                                                      thattc
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      water, or
                                                                      aeawater
                                                                      for some
                                                                      spedes
                                                                      hard (HW)
                                                                      or soft
                                                                      ISW)  syn-
                                                                      thetic
                                                                      water, or
                                                                      aeawater
                                                                      for some
                                                                      species
                                                                                                 seme as above
                                                           vi et
                                                     a I  (19&»),
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water oollutants showed a
Hide range of toxiclty scanning 1? orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxiclty and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (19f-9>,
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (1964),
DOT lotus ?•> percent Rasbora
           agents)   heteromorpha
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            USA
                                                               10.7 (Tl)
         DDT fplus 3 percent
         eaulslfler, *«
         percent naphtha)
                     Vasbora
                     heteromorpha
                                   BCFA
                                   and
                                   BSA
                                                               0.11 CT3)
                                                                      a*,c,e,f ,
                                                                      hard (HW)
                                                                      or soft
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
for some
species

a*,c,e,f ,
hard (HH>
or soft
(SKI
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater

-------
Toxiclty.
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Comoound Organism Study Location Ppm
OOT (Dlus 77 percent fiasbora 8CFA — 8.0 CT3)
China clay, f hetero»orpha andBS
percent calcium A
sul fate)






OOT (olus 77 oercent Pasbora BCFA — 0.001 
or soft
ISH)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seawater
torsome
species
Httc,o,r, same as above
bard (ITW)
or »of t
(SO ayn-
thetlc
water, or
aeawater
for sone
•pecles
a'.c.e.f.K Rloassays conducted
.l.n.and simultaneously Indicated Trot DDT Has
magnesium, considerably more toxic to fathead
sul fates, minnows under static conditions than
Iron. under continuous flow conditions.
calcium Decreasing oxygen and increasing
Reference
Alabaster
(1969).
SMIC-SUZS







Alabaster
C1969).
AMIC-^fcZS






llneer. e
al (1970)
AMIC-5S09



OOT <»,o~->
                     Plm«onales
                     proaelas (3
                     ca)
                                   8CF»  —
greater than
0.0V (tit
a»,c,*.f.h
.l.n.and
maqneslu*,
sul fates.
Iron.
                                                                                 metabolites may have enhanced DDT
                                                                                 toxiclty.  An Identical  study with Endrin
                                                                                 resulted In only sliqhtly higher toxiclty
                                                                                 under continuous flow conditions.
                                                                                 Average pH, oxygen,  and  ammonia nitrogen
                                                                                 nere foltoued throughout the experiments.
                                                                                  The results xere comprehensively
                                                                                 discussed taking into consideration many
                                                                                 contributing factors.

                                                                                        same as above
Llneer, et
al (1970),
AMIC-5509

-------
                                                                                calclu*
         DOT  le.e-t
                              tnqullla
                              r«»trat»
                                            FRL
                                          St.  John,
                                          M.B.,  Can.
                                                                0.29  (residue)   —
f
DOT lo.o-»



DOT 


DOT IO,o"l


DOT Co.D~>
                              FSOK nlqer    FRL    St. John,
                                                   N.n., Can.
                              Saleo salar   FRL   St. John,
                                                  H.R., Can.
                                                                0.08  (residue)  —
                                                                O.oa  (residue)  —
Cluoea
harenqus
                              Scoaber
                              seonbrus
                                            FRL
                                            FRL
St. John,
M • n • f C 8H •
St. John,
N.R., Can.
0.05-0.15
(residue)
0.07 (residue)
—
                              ftasbora       BCF*  ~
                              heteroaorpha  and
                                            BS*
                                                               0.013  (Tl)
                                                                      av,c,e,f,
                                                                      hard  (HH)
                                                                      or
                                                                      SOFT(SW)
                                                                      synthetic
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      •ater, or
                                                                      seawater
                                                                      for son*
                                                                      soeeles
         DOT (0,0", C-t*
         labelled)
                     Gamhusla
                     afllnls
                                            •      ^^
                                                               o.oooo<»i(SBZ)
                                       q)
                                                                     PCR"s  »*r«  found  In  h'lqher
                                                            concentrations than orqanochlorlne
                                                            oestlcldvs  In  all fish  analyzed.  The
                                                            authors  point  out that  PCP Is  less  toxic
                                                            In  an  acute  sense than  orqanochlorlnes,
                                                            that tittle  Is known  of sublethat PCS
                                                            effects,  and that wore  knowledge  of  PC8
                                                            distribution and effects  Is  needed.

                                                                   sane  as above
                                                                                                  sane  as  above
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                                                                     •NIC-3715
                                                                                                                                     ?ltko
                                                                                                                                     3715
                                                                                                                                     Zltko
                                                                                                                                     3715
                                                                    One hundred sixty-four
                                                            pesticides, netting agents, and
                                                            •iseellaneous water oollutants showed a
                                                            wide ranqe of toxlclty so*nnlnq 12 orders
                                                            of •aanltude.  Knowinq the toxlclty and
                                                            percentage of all coiioonents of a
                                                            formulation did not result In easy
                                                            predictability of the toxlcity of a
                                                            •Ixture of materials.  Sometimes
                                                            pesticides were most toxic In hard water
                                                            and soiretloes the opposite was true.
                                                            Testlnq the actual material as Sold was
                                                            found  to be essential.

                                                                    DOT-reslstant mosauitofisn were
                                                            collected fro* a cond at Salinas,
                                                            California.  Smaller fish  (100 •,
                                                                                                      AMIC-371S

                                                                                                      Alabaster
Murohy
(197H,
AHIC-180S

-------
"i Plus 20 Rasbors BCFA —
percent o,o~ODT» hetvrooorpha and
BSA






DOT lo,o~, plus 20 Salmo trutta BCFA —
percent o,o"OOT» (alevln) and
BSA







DOT (o,o~, olus 28 Rasbora BCFA ~
pereent o>p**OOT) heteroaorpna and
BSA

o.aoon«.i(o.oi-o a*
.Ob po" Hhole
body residue 2
dl
0.0031 a*,c««.t.
(T2,herd«ater) hard (HH)
or soft
(SH)
«yntnetlc
dilution
water, or
seattater
tor so»e
soecles



0.0005<» •>,€,«, f,
(TZ,soTt«at«r) hard (HW)
or soft
UW) syn-
thetic
water, or
•eavater
for some
•peel e a
0.0035 (T2) a>,e,e.t.
hard (HH)
or sott
(SWI
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seaiiater
tor some
species
0.017 IT?) a*,c,e,f.
hard (HH)
or sott
CSHI
sane as above



One hundred sixty-tour
pesticides? wettlnq sqenls, and
miscellaneous vater pollutants showed a
nidi" ranqr ot toxielty soannino 17 orders
of naqnlturte. Knoxlnq the toxlcity and
percentage of all conoonenfs of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of natvrials. Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic In hard Hater
and sometimes the ooooslte MBS tru*.
Testlno the actual material as sold Mas
found to be essontl'al.
sane as above








same as above









same as above



Reference
Murohy
(1971).
AMIC-1005

Alabaster
(1969),
AMIC-5^25










Alabaster
(1969).
ANIC-^25






Alabaster
(1969) .
AMIC-SU21;







Alabaster
(I960) ,
AHIC-5<>25


-------
          DOT 
          DOT  (18  percent)
                               heteromorpha
              BCFA  —
              and
              BSA
                                                                0.17  (T2>
VjJ
         DOT
          OUT
                               Fish (not
                               specif Ie-1)
                               Unite sucker  FRL
                                 greater than
                                 0.0001-0.001
                                 (Kl
                                                   disc, states 0.09-2.90
                                                                residue I SB)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seaMater
tor some
species

a>,c,e. f.
hard  (HU)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilution
xater, or
seaxafer
tor some
soecles
    %
a'.c.e.t•
hard (HH>
orsolt
(SKI
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seaiiater
Tor some
species
                                                                                                   sane as above
Alabaster
(1969),
                                                                                                   saae  as  above
                                                                                         Alabaster
                                                                                         (196r
                                                     AMIC-1056
                                                                                                       Henderson,et
                                                                                                       a I  (1971),
                                                                                                       AHIC-H07
         DOT
                               Redhorse
                               sucher
              FRL   Misc. States t.02-0.25
                                 residue (SB)
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                         Hendprson,et
                                                                                         al
         DOT
Gizzard shad  FRL   Misc. states 0.13-0.IS
                                 residue (SB)
                                                                                                  same  as  above
                                                                                                                                      Henderscn,
                                                                                                                                      etsl  (1971),
         DOT
                               Spotted
                               sucker
              FRL   Misc. states 0.1<» residue
                                 (SB)
                                                                                                  same  as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         etal  (1171),
                                                                                         AHIC-1I.(I7

-------


1







Coaoound
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Organise
Striped
aullet
Blue catfish
Pock bass
Freshwater
drua
Bloater
Lake
Mhlfeflsh
Lake trout
Mhlte craeola
flleaouth
buffalo
Saaltaouth
buffalo
Flatneatf
catfish
Field
Study
FRL
FRL
FP.L
FRL
FRL
FRl
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
Field
Location
Misc.
Misc.
Hlsc.
MISC.
MISC.
HlSC.
MISC.
MISC.
MISC.
HiSC.
Misc.
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
states
Toxlclty, CxDeriaental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Poa or Noted
0.30-1.12
residue (SB)
O.Ot residue
(SB)
0.06-0.«>9 ~
resldue (SB)
0.31 residue —
(SBI
0.59-1. 80 —
residue (SB)
0.20 residue —
(SB)
0.01-O.VS —
residue (SB)
t. 04-0. 20 —
residue (SB)
n. 11-0. si
residue (SB)
0.50 residue
(SB)
0.6* residue —
(SB)

saae as
saaa as
saae as
saae as
saae as
saae as
saae as
saaa as
saae as
saae as
saae as
Coaaents
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
above
Peference
Henierson,et
al (197t>,
Hen-Jerson,
etal (1971),
«MIC-t«t57
etal U97t),
etal (19711,
*t al (jo'l),
4MIC-1I.07
etal (197H,
Henderson,
etal 119711,
at (19711,
Henderson, et
at (l«7l>.
at (19711,
•HIC-11.07
Henderson, et
al (1471).
AHIC-1407

-------
         DOT
                              Co Move
                                            F»L
                                                  Misc.
                                  0.0?-0.3<.
                                  residua  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as abov*
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      *t s Ml 971),
                                                                      ANIC-11.07
         ODT
                              Hal I eye
                                            FRL   Misc.  states
                                  O.Od-O.ZO
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      *t al (1971).
                                                                      AM.IC-1«.07
         DOT
                              Sauqcr
                                            FRL   Misc. states
                                  0.18 residue
                                  (S3)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      31(1971),
                                                                      AMIC-t<.07
         DOT
                              Flannelnouth  FRL
                             . sucker
                                                  Misc. states
                                  0.19 residue
                                  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      81  (1171),
                                                                      AMIC-H.07

\n
         DOT
         DOT
        OUT
                              Black         FRL
                              bullhead
                                                  Misc. states
                              Mhl-te bass    FRL   Misc. states
                              Black cr*DDle FRL   Misc. states
                                  0.01-0.03
                                  residue  (SB)
                                  O.?l residue
                                  (SRI
                                  0.22-0.25
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson, et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      et al (l«'l),
                                                                      AMIC-IU07

                                                                      Henderson, et
                                                                      al (1971),
                                                                      AMTC-li.97
        DOT
                              Larqescale    FRL
                              sucker
                                                  Misc. states
                                  0.05-0.45
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AN!C-1<.07
         DOT
•>nallnouth    FRL
bass
                                                  Misc.' states
                                                               residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sa*e as above
                                                                      Henderson»«t
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      ANIC-11.07
         ODT
Northern      FRL
SduaNtIsh
                                                  Misc. states
fl.05-0.10
residue ISB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
Henderson,et
al (1971),
AMIC-1<»07
         DOT
                              Chlselnouth   FRL   Misc. states
                                  0.07-0.09
                                  residue  ISB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      etal  (1971),
                                                                      AMIC-H07
         DOT
                              Klanath
                              sucker
                                            FRL   Misc. states
                                  0.02 residue
                                  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,
                                                                      etal  (19711,
                                                                      AMIC-ldO?
         DOT
                              Rainbow trout FRL    Misc.  states
                                  0.03-0.07
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                      Henderson,et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      AHIC-H07

-------
CoBoound
DOT
DOT
DOT
f* DOT
H
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT

DOT
DOT
Field
Orqanls* Study
Brldq-llp FRL
sucker
•re tic FRL
grayllnq
Pound FRL
whltef ish
Longnose FRL
sucker
Vel low perch FRL
Chain FRL
olckerel
HMte catfish FRL
White perch FRL
Goldfish FRL

Blueqllls FRL
Redbreast FRL
sunf Ish
Toxiclty, Exoerl mental
Active Variables,
Field Ingredient, Controlled
Location Ppm or Noted
Misc. states 0.39 residue —
(SB)
Misc. states 0.21 residue ~
(SB)
Misc. states 0.31. residue
(SB)
Misc. states 0.01-0.10
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.03-2.56
residua (SB)
Misc. states 0.08 residue —
(SB)
Misc. states 0.21-0.31
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.63-1.30
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.65 residue
(SB)

Misc. states 0.0<»-0.2<» —
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.03 residue — —
(SB)
Comments
sane as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
saee as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above

same as above
sane as above
Reference
Henderson,
etal (1971),
AHic-i'.n''
Henderson,
etal (1971),
SHIC-li.07
Henderson,
etal 119711,
Henrterson.et
al (1071),
AMIC-K.07
Henderson, et
al (1971),
Henderson,
et al (1971),
SMIC-11.C7
Henderson, et
al C197D,
AMIC-1J.07
Henderson, et
al (19711,
Henderson,
et al
1*07
Henderson,
etal (1971),
AMIC-11.07
Henderson, et
al (1971),

-------
 DOT
 DOT
 DOT
 DOT
DOT
 DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                      Pumofclnseed   FRL
Largemouth    FRL
bass
Broun         FRL
bullhead
                      Carp
                      Channel
                      catfish
                                    FRL
                                    F«L
                      Gambusla      85*
                      •ftints
                    Misc. states 0.23 rasldue
                                 (SB)
Misc. states O.OS-1.57
             residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.06-0.1.2
             residue ISB)
                    Misc. states 0.01-0.96
                                 residue (SB)
                    Misc. states O.OZ-5.07
                                 residue (SB)
                                                       0.0* pob (SB)
                     Wolffla
                     papullfera
                      Salve IInus
                      tontlnalls
                      (1.15  q>
                                    BCF«  —
                                100  (K)
                                                       7.1,
                      SalvelInus
                      tontlnalls
                                    BCF»   —
                                                       11.9 (Tit)
                             Hunter's
                             medium
                             dllutod
                             1:5
                                                 ae, C,d,
                                                 e,f,l,O,
                                                 aulfato,
                                                 copper,
                                                                       Iron,  and
                                                                       Chronlua
                                                 a*,c,d,
                                                 e.f.l.o,
                                                 sulfato,
                                                 copper,
                                                                                         saute  as  above
                                                                                          sane  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                           Henderson,
                                           et al (19?!) >
                                           AMTC-K.H7

                                           Henderson, et
                                           al (1071),
                                           Henderson, «t
                                           at  (1<»M>,
                                           A--hr    Murohy
period  at  ?(l  C  thin  at •» r.  yt  was shown [1971>,AwiC-
that  only  live  fish  take UP  nOT, that      1*78
uptake  was related to  resoiration rate
and that small  fish  are more efficient
than  larger fish  In  removing PflT from
water.   One Implication of  this  study  is
that  at  warmer  Temperatures  HOT  is taken
up more  rapidly,  thus  suggesting that
thermal  releases be  carefully  controlled.

         All compounds ware harmful  to    Worthley, et
duckweed to aons degree.  Decreased       al (1971),
populations wore iiotoU at non-lethal      AMIC-3233
concentrations and some compounds
(Malathion and e,l\.-D)  caused terstogenle
effects  at concentrations as low as 1 ppm.

         Four  Insecticides were evaluated  Post,  etal
on four  fish species at two  body  weights.  (1971),
 Standard  method bloassay orocedures were AH.IC-181?
followed.   Symotomology was  also
reoorted.   Generally,  toxlclty was
significantly different at the two body
weights, i.e., more  toxic at trie  lower
body weight, except  for Malathion.
well-defined experimental conditions were
said to  result In  truer measurement  of
toxlclty.
                                                                                         sa«e as above
                                                                                  Post, et al
                                                                                  (1971),
                                                                                  AMIC-181Z
                                                                       Iron,  and
                                                                       cltro.-nlum

-------
  Coeaound
            Field  Fl«ld
Orqanlsa    Study Location
                                                      Toxlclty,
                                                      Active
                                                      Ingredient,
                                                        Pp»
Experimental
Variables.
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                 Convents
                                                                                                                           Reference
DOT
                      Salvo ctarkl
                      (0.33 0)
                                   BCF»  ~
                                                      B.0001 IT4)
DOT
                     Salvo elarkl  BCFA
                     11.29 q)
                                                      1.37 (TO
DOT
                     Sal mo
                     qalrdnerl
                     10.*1 ql
                                   RCF»
                                                      0.0092 IT4I
                                                                      e,r,l,o,
                                                                      aulfate,
                                                                      copper,
                                                                      manganeae,
                                                                      Iron, and
                                                                      Chromium
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                    Post, et al
                                                                                                    (19M),
                                               8,f,l,0,
                                                                      copper,
                                               Iron,  and
                                               eiiromluai
                                               •0,0, d,
                                               •ff.l.O.
                                               aulfata,
                                               copper,
                                                                      Iron, and
                                                                      chromium
                                                                                        saae  as above
                                                                                        saoe as above
                                                     Post, et al
                                                     (1971),
                                                     •HIC-1S12
                                                     Post, et al
                                                     (19711,
                                                     AMIC-1812
DOT
DOT
ftOT
                     Oncorhynchus
                     kisutch  18.5
                     9>
                     Oncorhynchus
                     kisutch (1.65
                     9>
                                   BCFA  —
                                                      0.011 (TO      a,*.
                                                                                        save  as above
                                   BCFA  —
                                                       0.019
                     Arte*la spp.  L     ~
                               0.00001 and
                               0.000001
                               (sublethall
                                               eopper,
                                               manganese,
                                               iron, and
                                               chromium

                                               a«.e.d,
                                               »»f,ifO«
                                               sulfate,
                                               copper,
                                               nangenase,
                                               iron, and
                                               chromium
                                                                                         saae  as  above
        Arteaia sop oooulations exposed
in 19R6 to the indicated DOT
concentratlons and studied for up to 
-------
 DOT
                      Sebastodes
                      sp.
                                    FO
nor



DOT


DOT


DOT


DOT



DOT



DOT



DOT



DOT



DOT
PanufIrua
Interruotus
Paralabrax
nebulIfer

Anlsofreals
davidsonl
                                   FO
              FO
FO
PlaelOMtapon FO
putenruv
Haliofls
rufeseens
              FO
Strongylocent FO
rotus
franclseanus

Hlnnltes      FO
•uitlruqosls
Haliotls
corrugate
Kellctla
fcelletll
              FO
              FO
Plants fulgae F
and hlahvr
aouatlc
                     Pacific
                     Ocean,  Cal.
                    0.1.6  (liver
                    residue)
                                        bacKqround.   Brine shrlno nauolll  were
                                        apparently most sensitive to  DOT conoared
                                        to older stages.  Cyclic coexistence of
                                        pesticide residue and vulnerable stage of
                                        life cycle Influenced succeeding
                                        generations.

                                                Samples of marine animals  Here    Hunson
                                        collected fro* three locations off the    (1972).
                                        coast of Southern California  and analyzed AMIC-3096
                                        for residues  of chlorinated hydrocarbons.
                                         The data suggest that Kellet~s nhelk
                                        nould be a good Indicator organise for
                                        studying the  regional distribution of
                                        chlorinated hydrocarbons.
      Pacific      0.037 (nusde
      Ocean, cat.  residue)
Pacific
Ocean, Cal.

Pad f le
Ocean, Cat.

Pacific
Ocean, Cal.

Pacific
Ocean, Cal.
      Pacific
      Ocean, Cal.
      Pacific
      Ocean, Cal.
      Pacific
      Ocean, Cal.
      Pacific
      Ocean, Cal.
0.71
(I iverresldue)

0.%(liver
 residua)

8.21 (liver
residue)

less than 0.1
(liver
residue)

0.0*7-0.073
  (gonad
residua)

0.032 (gonad
residue)
             0.0<«Z
             (digestive
             gland residue)

             0.077
             (residue)
                                                                    saae  as above
                                                                    save  as above
                                                     save as above
                                                                    sane  as above
                                                                   saae as above
                                                                   save as above
                                                     sane as above
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                   save as above
                                                                                  Hunson
                                                                                                      Munson(ig73).
Munsontl97j),
4NIC-3096

Hunson
(l^Z),
»MIC-3fl<)6

Hunson
(197Z),
ANIC-304B

Munson
(1972),
»MIC-J09%

Munson
(1972I,
AHIC-309S
                                                                     Hunson
                                                                     (1<»7?I.
                                                                     3096
                                         Various      0.01 to 0.7<»
                                         oonds  and    (residue)
                                         streaasln
                                                      Plant, Invertebrate, fish, and    Dlaond,
                                              •ud samples were pooled, homogenized, and al
                                              analyzed for DOT.  Birds Here analyzed    AMIC-3291

-------
  Compound
                                   Field  Field
                       Organism    Study Location
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
  Ppm
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
Reference
                     plants)
                                         Maine
DOT
DOT
DDT
DOT
DOT
Invertebrates F
(Cimbarus
bar ton I,
freshwater
mussel'., and
s»al ler
anlf»at«t
Fish F
(Satvnl tnus
font Inalls
and Sevotl lus
atromaculatus
prtmarl ly)
Birds F
(H«aac»ryle
alcyon,
Mernus
merganser.
and
Lophortytes
cucul latus)
Muds F



Llmneohllus FS
rhonblcus
(larvae)

Various
ponds and
streams In
Maine



Various
ponds and
streams In
Maine


Variousoonds
and streams
In Maine





Various
ponds and
streams In
Maine
Knights
Creefc , Dun
County,
Wise.
0.03 to Z.
(residue)





0.21 to 9.
(residue)




«.Z to 10.
(residue)






0.03 to 0.
(residue)


O.OKxhole
residue)


ti






»i>





1







83



body



                                                                                 Individually.   The data  represent  the
                                                                                 range of DOT concentration  over  a  10-year
                                                                                 oerlod after one aoolIcatIon.  Highest
                                                                                 concentrations were found  immediately
                                                                                 after and 1 yr after anollcatlon with
                                                                                 considerably less txo  years and  after.
                                                                                 However, the residues  even  after 10  years
                                                                                 •ere still Hell above  those in brooks
                                                                                 never treated*  This study  further
                                                                                 demonstrated the persistence of  DOT  in
                                                                                 the environment and Its  tendency to
                                                                                 spread and concentrate In  food chains.

                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Olmond,  *t
                                                                                                                           Olmondt  et
                                                                                                                           al  (1971),
                                                                                                                           •MIC-3Z91
                                                                                                                           al
                                                                                                                              ondf  et
                                                                                                                              (1971),
                                                                                                                           Dlmond,  et
                                                                                                                           al (19M>,
                                                                                                                           AMIC-3291
                                   Samples of Mater, silt,  bottom    Mpubry,  et
                           debris, bottom organisms, and fish Here   al  (1965),
                           taken In 1966 from a creek adjacent to an &MIC-J7SJ
                           orchard which had been treated In

-------
r
H
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Stalls so.    FS
Ilarva*)
                     Gammarus so.  FS
Salvelinus    FS
fontlnalis
Semotllus     FS
atronaculatus
                     Cettus balrdl FS
Rhlnlchthys   FS
atratulus
Sal welinos    L
fontlnal Is
119.2 c«)
Knlqhts
CreeH, nun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Dun
County,
HIsc.

Knlqnts
Creek, Dun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
Countyt
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creekt Oun
County,
Misc.

Knlqhts
Creek, Oun
County,
Misc.
0.01  (Hhole
body
(residue)
                                 0.03(Hhole body
                                 residue)
0. «.-!.*
Ifat
residue)
0.1-0.6(tat
residue)
                                 0.5-1.5 (fat
                                 residue)
0.10
(tat
residue)
                                                       0.1-0.3  (SB1)
                                                                                  19*3-1965 Hlth various  chlorinated
                                                                                  hydrocarbon pesticides.   No  residues Here
                                                                                  found  in water samples.   Silt  sanoles
                                                                                  contained 0.002-0.013 DDK vndrln and
                                                                                  0-0.On; pom dleldrln. Endrin residues of
                                                                                  0.011-0.025 DP* and  0.002-0.006  DO*
                                                                                  dleldrln Mere  found  In  debris  samples.
                                                                                  Oesolte llnlted control  data,  residue
                                                                                  analyses Indicated that  contamination of
                                                                                  the environment studied  Has  Halted.

                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                         sane  as  above
                                                                                         saae  as  above
Moubry, et
al (1Q68),
•1IC-3753
                                                                     Houbry, et
                                                                     a I  (t«6*>,
                                                                     AMIC-3753
Moubry, et
at (1968).
tloubry, et
al (196S).
                                                                     Moubry, et
                                                                     al  (1961),
                                                                     4MIC-375X
Moubry, et
al (I'?.*).
AMIC-3753
                                                Neurophyslologlcal function of
                                        brook trout Has affected by ?<»-hr
                                        exposure to DDT as determined by
                                        measurement of electrical activity of
                                        lateral lines.  Partially exposed lateral
                                        lines of freshly Killed fish were fitted
                                        Mlth electrodes.  DOT caused the lateral
                                        line nerve to become hypersensitive to
                                        experimental stimuli and affected
                                        behavioral responses of fish to
                                        tenoerature.  •
                                                                     Anderson
                                                                     fl«6S>,
                                                                     AMIC-3764

-------
           Comooun4
                                OrganIso
                                            Field   Field
                                            Study Location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient,
                                   Pp»
                Experimental
                Variables.
                Control led
                or  Noted
                                                                                                          Comments
                                                                    Reference
         DOT
rv>
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                               Oncorhynehus
                               klsutch  (?.9
                               9>

                                                                0.33  (T31I
                              Oncorhynehus  L
                              kisutch (7.1.
Oncorhynehus  L
klsutch
(15.01. q)
                              Salvelinus
                              fontlnalls
                              (110-180 q)

                                                               1.3  (T65)
                                                                2.6  (T106J
                                                                0.02  (SB)
                              Parophrys
                              vetutus
                                            FH
         DOT
                              Herlucclus
                              product us
                                            FH
                    Pacific
                    Northwest
                    Coast.
                    Blaine,
                    Hash.
                    Pacific
                    Northwest
                                                                0.01  (residue)   —
0.01-0.06
(residue)
                                                                    A diet containing DOT fed to coho Buhler,  et
                                                            salmon resulted in median survival  times  al
                                                            directly proportional  to  body Height.      (197J
                                                            Suoolemental  feeding orolonqed lifesoan,  37*1
                                                            but mean survival  time remained a direct
                                                            function of  body lelqht.   Smaller salmon
                                                            Here more susceptible because Hold
                                                            content apparently failed to provide for
                                                            storaqe detoxification of DOT.
                                                            Considerable  addition*! data are
                                                            presented.
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 same as above
                                   Brook trout  conditioned  to I iqht
                           and shock rescontf to both  by  the
                           propeller-tall reflex.   Exposure to DOT
                           resulted In markedly delayed  ability to
                           learn.   The authors  state  that  DOT
                           spoarentlv affects the  CNS and  may cause
                           adverse effects on such behavioral
                           activities as territorial  defence and
                           migration.

                                   Pesticides from the Columbia
                           River Into Puget Sound  aooarently
                           contaminated  fish constituting commercial
                           catches In Pacific Northwest  waters.
                           Residues In these marine products were
                           substantially loner  than the  FDA
                           tolerance for beef (7 pom).  Fish fro*
                           locations near the mouth of the  Columbia
                           Plver had higher pesticide content than
                           ones caught farther  away.

                                  same as above
Buhlert et
al
(1970),AHIC-
3701

Buhler. et
al
Ct970»,AMIC-
3781

Anderson.et
al (1970),
AMIC-3782
Stout
(196S),
AM.IC.-37a!.
Stout
(1968),

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Herluce lux
predue tus
HerluceIu«
product us
MeMucclus
croductus
Ifishaenl)
Sebastodes
alutus
Platlehthys
stetlntus
                                   FH
                                   FH
                                   FH
                                   FH
Gadus         FH
•acrocephalu*
Sebastodes
flavldus
Sebastodes
I lavtdus
                      Pfaephales
                                   FH
                                    FH
                                    BCF*
Coast*
Sarasota
Passage*
Hash.

Pacific      O.Ot-0.09
Northwest    (residue)
Coastt Fort
Susant Hash.
Pacific
Northwest
Coast* Cape
FoulHeather,
Or*.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Aberdeen*
Hash.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Hecate
Strait, B.C.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Blalne,
Hash.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Blalne*
Hash.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast*
Hecate
Strait. B.C.

Pacific
Northwest
Coast,
Ilwaeo*Hash.
                                                       O.OKresldua)
                                                       O.It  (residua)   —
                                                       O.It  (residual   --
                                                       O.ll(resldue)    —
                                                       (residua)
             O.OOH-0.05
             (residue)
             O.OI.-0.19
             (residue)
                                                       0.018 (TO
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         «aaa as abova
                                                                                         sane as abova
                                                                                         sane as abova
                                                                                         saa* as abova
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                         same as abova
                                                                                         saae as above
                                                                                                                            1MIC-378V
Stout
(196S).
»MIC-378<.
                                                                                  Stout
                                                                                  (19f.8»,
                                                                                  •Hic-srs*
                                                                                  Stout
                                                                                  (1968),
                                                                                  4MIC-378*
                                                                                  Stout
                                                                                  (19«i9»,
                                                                                  •HIC-578*
                                                                                  Stout
                                                                                  (19*3),
                                                                                                                            Stout
Stout
(1968).
•MIC-378*
Stout
(1968).
*HIC-378«
                                                                                          LAS acted svnerglstlcalIv with    Solon* etal

-------
Compound

DOT
DOT
DOT
Toxtclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organism Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments
prone) as
Car ass 1 us L —
auratus
Car ass I us L --
auratus
S*l»o L
qalrdner I
(186-788 q)
oarathion to cause less survival of
fatheds but had an Indeterminate effect
with OPT and no svnerqistle effect with
Endrln.
1,5-180 (SR a* Goldfish were exposed to
5-?0) Inereasinq concentrations of DDT and
residues determined after ?1 days of
exposure. Most DDT had been converted to
ODE. Phenobarital had no siqnlflcant
effect on Insecticide residues.
0-0.1 a* ' same as above
(residue)
15 (SB 6 hr) »* In aquarium water, I* opm DOT
caused no apparent el ect roohysi ol oq leal
differences in lateral line preparations.
Reference
(1969) .
AHIC-3785


Young, et al
(1971), AMIC-
379«-
Younq, et
(1971) ,
AMIC-3796
Bahr, et
3808
al
al
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                     Sal mo
                     qalMnerl
                     Trl turus
                     crlsfatus
                     Pans
                     temporarla
                     Ran a
                     teaporarla

                                   I      •«•
0.1-2.0 (NTE,
Intravenous)
0.67-1.<>
(residue)
0.05 (SB 5-19
hr)
0.5-1.2
• Icrograii
(residue)
 However, tremors antl byperexcl taM 11 ty
were observed after 1 hr.  Neural
discharge was not affected by intravenous
Injections, but tremors occurred at
concentration levels of 0.5 pon and
above.  The authors eonclule that
spontaneous activity of the lateral >Ine
Is not a sensitive Index for DOT
neurotoxle effet.

       same as above                      Bahr, et al
                                          (1971),»MIC-
                                          3808

        DOT caused hyperactIvlty In       CooKe
exoosed tadpoles.  This caused Increased  (1971),
capture lunges of newts thus Increasing   »MIC-3S1<,
the predatory efficiency of the newts.
DOT had no apparent effect on the newts.
                                                                                        sane  as above
                                                                                        same  as  above
                                          CooKe
                                          (1971),
                                          AMIC-381W

                                          CooKe
                                          (1971),
                                          AHIC-381*

-------
DOT
DOT
Carasslus     9SA
auratus (8-15
                     Car ass 1 us     BS»
                     auratus  18-15
                                                       1.0  (SB H.5hr>   a.q*
                                                       1.0  (T  10  hr>
                                                                                               expospd to DOT were killed   Aubln, et
                                                                                  and brain electrical activity recorded by al(19K9)»
                                                                                  means of Aq-AqCI  bioolar electrodes.      A«.IC-3S35
                                                                                  After ?.5 hr exposure,  fish dlsolaved
                                                                                  complete loss of  balance and swam
                                                                                  continuously on their sides.  Amplitude
                                                                                  and freauency of  spontaneous electrical
                                                                                  activity Mere altered.   This coincided
                                                                                  with permanent loss of  balance.   The
                                                                                  authors state that this is the first
                                                                                  record of a change in fish EEC following
                                                                                  DOT poisoning.
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                      Aubln.  et  at

                                                                                                      C1«»69),«HIC-
DOT
                     Sal mo salar   L
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Salv«tInus
fontInalIs
(yearlInq)

Salw«lInus
fontInalIs
                     Endomychura
                     craveri
                     (eqqs)
                     tmlonyehgra
                     craveri
                     (eggs)

                    Western
                    U.S.,
                    Pacific
                    Ocean,
                    Panama*
                    Hexlco,and
                    Antarctic

                    Western
                    U.S.,
                    Pacific
                    Ocean•
                                 0.02-0.20       a».q«
                                 (sai)
                                                       0.02-0.20
                                                       (SSI)
                                                      O.I.  (SBI
                                                                      a»,q«
                                                      39  (residue)
0.31-2.

-------
I
^3\
Comoound Orqanlsn



IT Thalasseus
eleqans
(eqgs)




JT Laru*
heermanl
(«qg«)




JT Pomoxis
annul »rl*





IT Pomoxl<;
nigro-
Ba.cula.t-.ia-




)T Leoomls
•aeroehlrus





9T Pyqoscells
ade 1 1 ae
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables.
Field Field Inqredlent< Controlled
Study Location Pom or Noted Comments
Panama,
Mexlcotand
Antarctic
F Western 5.0 (residue) -- sane as above
O.T.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Kazioo>and
Aatartlca
F Western <»t (residue) ~ saae as above
U.«J.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western 1.83 (whole — saae as above
U.S., body residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Hoxlco, and
Antarctic
F Western 7.10 (whole -- same as above
U.S., body residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
An tar tic
F Western 5.9 (Hhole body — same as above
U.S., residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
F Western 0.128 — same as above
U.S., (residue)
Reference



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1<>6M.
AMIC-3W.



Blsebrougn,
et al
(146ft),
AHIC-38M.



Sls»fcrouqh»
et al
(1968) ,
AMIC-3SH



"Isebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
AMIC-38M.



RIsebrouqh,
* t at <19«>8) ,
AHIC-38Vli




»lsebrouqh>
et al

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
00 T
                      (eqgs)
                      Aechmorohorut  F
                      occidental is
                     FuI manus
                     qlaclalis
                     PutfInus
                     ereatoous'
                     Puf f inus
                     qriseus
                     Pufflnus      F
                     tenulrostrls
                      Oeeanodroma
                      homochroa
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama*
Haxlco, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Paclf1C
Ocean,
Panama*
Mexico* and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama*
Mexico* and
Antarctic

Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean*
Panama,
Mexico, and
?&.<.  (flesh
residue)
0.1.1-17.5
(whole body
residue)
3.0 (Hhole body
residua)
2.3-12.3 (Hhol«
body residue)
39 (whole body
residue)
99.3 (whole
body residue)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
Slsebrouqh.
et al
Risebrouoh,
et al
(196S),
Rlsebroucrh,
«t al
(1968),
AHIO384*
Risebrouoh,
et al
(t9f.fl).
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
"Isebrough,
et al
(1968),
AMIC-38<.*

-------
>
Field
Coaioound Organism Study

)T Pelecanus F
oce I Cental Is
(eqqs)



)T Freqata F
paqnlf 1C ens
(eqgs)




)T Sula F
leucogaster





)T Phalacrocorax F
penici llatus
(eqqs)




)T Phalacrocorax F
oelaqlcus
(eqgs)




JT Anas F
cyanootera


Field
Location
Antarctic
W«tern
U.S.,
Pacific
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico. and
Antarctic
Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments

10.0-11.5 — same as above
(residue)




0.0087-0.03 — same as above
(residue)





8.2 (residue) -- saae as above






0.326 ~ same as above
(residue)





0.128 ~ same as above
(residue)





10.9 (Hhole — same as above
body residue)


Reference

Rlsebrouqh,
et al
*MIC-lU*



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(19681,
AMIC-38H



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
( 1968) ,
AMIC-S8*^



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
ANIC-3S«i«(



Rlsebrouqh.
et al
(1968),
A MIC— 38fc^



Rlsebrough,
etal (1968)
AMIC-3*M>


-------
         DOT
         DOT
6
VO
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
         DOT
                              EI anus
                              teocurus
                              fwqgs)
Acclolter
cooper 11
Aaulla
chrysaetos
(eqqs)
                              Pandlon
                              hallaetus
Falce
cotumbarius
Falco
sparverlus
                    Panama,
                    Mexico,  and
                    Antarctic

                    Western
                    Pacific
                    Ocean,
                    Panama,
                    Mexico,
                                                           and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
PaclfIc
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama.
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pad Me
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
                                  0.31.-9.0
                                  (residual
25.2 (whole
body residue)
                                                                2.0  (residue)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                 55.0  (whole
                                 body  residue)
2-9 (whole body
residue)
0.01. (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                  sa*e as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                   RIsebrouqh,
                                                                                   et al
                                                                                   (19S8),
Rlsebrough,
et al
(198B),
                                                                      P. isebrouqh,
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1968),
                                                                     Rlsebrouqn,
                                                                     et  al
                                                                     (196M ,
                                                                     SMIC-38«.l»
Plsebrouqh,
et al
(19SS),
AHIC-38I.I.
Rlsebrouqn,
et al
(1968),
AKIC-3S
-------



Comoound Organism
DOT Fat co
soarverlus
(eqqs)




Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Fl-ld Tnqr*dlent, Controlled
Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
F Western 0.2 (residue) — - sane as above
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic



Reference
Rlsebrouqh,
etal (19<>8),
AMIC-381,1.




DOT
DOT
DOT
DDT
                     Nyctlcor*x
                     nyctlcorax
                     (eqqs)
Larus         F
occidental Is
(eqqs)
                     St*rna
                     for^terl
                     (eqqs)
                     Hy
-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Url» »8lge
(eqqs)
Ptychoranphus F
aleutleua
Synthllboraao F
hus antlquun
                     Cerorhlnca
                     •onocerata
                     Zenaldura
                     •aeroura
                     Tyto alba
DOT
Sturnella
neqlecta
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Parana,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

W«a-t«rn
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
                                                       191  (residue)    —
                                                                                         saae  as above
                                                                     Rlsebrough,
                                                                     et al
Maxlco, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean *
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panana,
Mexico, and
Antarctic

Western
U.S..
Pacific
5.8 (Hhole body
residual
0.75 (whole
body residua)
                                 2.7 (whole body
                                 residue)
                                 0.19 (whole
                                 body residue)
                                 1.3-6.6 (whole
                                 body residue)
0.3-3.3 (whole
body residueI
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                         sa»e as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         saae as above
Rlsebrouon,
et al
(1968*.
AHIC-38**
Risebrouoh,
et al
(19681,
AMIC-JSMi
                                                                     Risebrouqn,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (1968),
                                                                     AHTC-38<><>
Risebrouqh,
et al
(1968).

-------
Compound


DOT













DDT






DOT






DOT






DOT

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Orqanlsa Study Location Ppa or Noted Comments


Falco F
peregr Inus
(•99*>











Falco F
pereqrlnus
(1 Mature!




Faleo F
peregrlnus
11 •••tire)




Falco F
oereorlnus
ladult)




Falce F
oereqrlnus
Ocean,
Pana«a,
Hexlco. and
Antarctic
Western 0.02 (residue) —
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic







Western 1.9-396 (flesh —
O.S., residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western 6l.-5.ODO (fat
U.S., residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Pnnana,
Hexlco, and
Antarctic
Western 85-137 (flesh
U.S., residue)
Pacific
Ocean,
Panaaa,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Western 3,600 (fat
U.S., residua)


Pereqrjne falcons, falcon nrey.
and other predator species were collected
widely and analyzed Tor DOT, DOE, PCB,
and it few other pesticides to a lesser
degree. PCB and DDT were found to be
widely dispersed globally. pen was found
to be a powerful inducer of heoatic
enzymes that degrade oestradlot.
Reductions in thlcKness of ego shells.
eggshell weight, and water retention
occurred. All affect hatching success.
The authors state that the oer«grin« aay
be the first species entlrpated by global
eon tan I nation.
sa»e as above






saa,e as above






sane as above






saae as above

Reference
AMIC-38I><>

Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
»HIC-5««.i.










Rlsebrouoh,
et al
C19SM,A«IC-
381.1,



Visebrough,
et al
(l<»6«t.
AMIC-38",!.



Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(1968).
AMIO38«t



Rlsebrough,
et al

-------
         oar
        DOT
r
        DOT
        DOT
        DOT
                              taduttt
                             Podleaps
                             casplcus
                             LooHelanla
                             ••tanla
                             Halocyptena
                             •Icrosoaa
                             PIzonyx
                             vlvesl
                             Ictalurus
                             ounctatus
 Pacific
 Ocean,
 Panaaa,
 Mexico,and
 Antarctic

 Western
 U.S.,
 Pacific
 Ocean,
 Panaaa,
 Hex I co, and
 Antarctic

 Hestern
 U.S.,
 Pacific
 Ocean.
 Panaaa,
 Mexico, and
 Antarctic

 Western
 U.S.,
 Pacific
 Ocean,
 Parian a,
 Maxleo, and
 Antaretie

 Western
 U.S.t
 Pacific
 Ocean,
 Panama,
Mozloo, and
Antarctic
O.Z6-12.1
(•hole body
residue)
4.2  Cnhole body
residual
3.Z iNhole body
residue)
0.71 (nho(e
body residual
save as above
                                   RIsebrouq^,
                                   et al
                                   (19681.
sane as above
                                                                                                                                   et al
                                                                                                                                   C196S),
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                                                   et al
                                                                                                                                   (19681,
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                                                                                   et al
                                                                                                                                   (19651,
                                           ns»   —
                                                              0.016
                             a,                 Orqanochlorlne Insecticides were  Hacek, et al
                             synthetic  the nost toxic coaoounds,                 (1970),
                             test Hater orginochosohates  Interne.1lat»>,  earhanates AHIC-SS10
                                        the  least  toxic.   Proxn  trout »as  the
                                        species nost  susceptible to
                                        orqanochloPlr.es,  coho salmon  the nost
                                        susceotlble  to  carbaiates, and  goldfish
                                        Mert>  the  least  susceotlble of all
                                        species.   Safe  concentrations established
                                        by hioassays  xith salaonids or
                                        centrarchlds  Mould likely  be  safe  for
                                        cyorinlds  and ictalurlds.  Safe levels
                                        for  Ictalurlds  or cyprlnlds Mould
                                        probably  be hazardous for centrarchlds
                                        and  salaonlds.  The use  ot qoldflsh In
                                        bloassays Mas dlscouraqed.

-------





>
g





COBBOund
'DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Field Field
Organise Study Location
S*l*to trutta BSA
Oncorhynehus BSA --
Kisutch
Perca BSA
flavescens
Ictalurus BS»
•«las
C*rasslus BSA ™
aurst us
Cyorlnu* USA — -
earplo
PImeohales BSA •*-
prone! as
l«oo*ls SSA
Mcroehlrus
LeDomls 8S*
•Icrotophus
Mlcrooterus BSA —
salHoIdxt
SslMO BSA —
galrdnrrl
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Pp«
0.003 (T<>t
0.00
0.009 (Ti>)
0.009 (Tit)
0.031 (T)
0.007 (Tl.)
Excerlnentat
Variables,
Control ted
or Noted
a,
synthetic
test water
a.
synthetic
test water
a,
synthetic
test Mater
a,
synthetic
test water
a»
synthetic
test water
9,
synthetic
test water
a,
synthetic
test water
a,
synthetic
test water
a,
synthetic
test water
».
synthetic
test water
at
synthetic
test water
Comments
sane as above
same as above
saae as above
sane as above
saae as above
saae as above
sane as above
same as above
same as above
saae as above
saae as above
Deference
Macek, *T
at (1970),
»NIC-«:MO
HaceK, et
al (197Q1,
ANIC-5S10
Mace*, et
al(1970).
•MIC-5S10
MaceK, e»
al (1°70).
AMIC-5510
M»c*H, et
»l (1970),
»MIC-S«;ID
MaceK. et
al (1970) ,
«HTC-5510
Hacek, et
al (19701 ,
AMIC-SS10
Nac*K, et
al (197m ,
AMIC-5510
Hacek, et
»l (1970),
AHIC-5510
HaceK, et
•1(19701,
AHIC-5510
NaceK, et
•1(19701,
AHIC-9S10

-------
DOT
                     Pa I ae<*on« tes
                     kadlakensls
                     (resistant)
                                   BS*   —
                                                       0.0037-0.0068
DOT
DOT
                     Pa I aemone tes-  BSA
                     kadlafcensls
                     (non—
                     resistant)
                     Tctalurus
                     eatus
                                   FL
                    Clear Lake,
                    Cal.
                                                      0.0026  IT1)
             less than 1
             (flesh
             residua)
DOT
00 T
DOT
                     P«rca
                     flavescens
                     Lepomls
                     glbbosus
Catostomus
commersonl
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                                   FLR
                    43 sanipt Inq
                    stations In
                    Mass.
             0.06-13.2
             (residue)
93 samol Ing  0-9.1
stations In  (residue)
Mass.

43 sampling  0-11.2
stations In  (residua)
Hass.
                                                                    Bloassays Mere conducted with     Naqvl, et al
                                                            shrlmn from three areas of Intensive      (1970)»
                                                            pesticide use and from an unexposed area. 4MIC-5519
                                                             Previously exposed shrimp Mere from 1 to
                                                            ?"? times more resistant than unexposed
                                                            shrimp.  Both types of shrimp Mere also
                                                            exposed In caaes to Maters of the
                                                            contaminated areas.  Susceptible shrimp
                                                            suffered 66 percent more mortality than
                                                            did resistant shrimp.  The toxiclty of
                                                            the insecticides ranked In descending
                                                            order was as follows:  most toxic,
                                                            Endrln, DOT, Methyl parathlon, Parathionl
                                                            medium toxiclty, Guthlon,  Llndane,
                                                            Toxaohene, Strobanei lease toxic
                                                            Chlordane, Sevin, and Heptachlor.
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                                      Naavl,et al
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AMIC-S519
        Residue  analysis results mainly   Linn, et
for IDE In  fish,  birds, *nd plankton  from *L11969),
11S9  through  1965  x^re reported.  The     *HIC-55?1
residues  primarily  resulted from
application of DDT  to  farmland  ar.d  for
qnat  control.  In  some cases, data  for a
single anliral  In  one year Here  given.
Primary emphasis  Mas on larqeirouth  bass
and Mhlte catfish.  The qeneral  level of
TD£ contamination  In birds and  fish
declined markedly  fro* 195S to  1965.
This  decline correlated directly Mlth
strict limitation  by permits of DOT
applications during the latter  years.

        Fish indigenous to Massachusetts  Lyman, et al
freshwater streams  Mere analyzed for OOT  (1968),
and DOT metabolites during 1965-1967.     *«IC-3»39
Generally there Mas an Increase In
pesticide content  during the three  year
period.
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                          Lynan, et al
                                          (1968),
                                          A1IC-3839

                                          Lyman, et a!
                                          11969).
                                          AMIC-3639

-------
Compound
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
Orqanlsn
Tctslurus
nebul osus
Cyorlnus
carplo
Esox nlqer
Not*»m 1 oonus
erysoleucas
Semotl lus
corporal Is
Leoomls
nacroehlrus
Amblopl Ites
ruoestrls
Seiotl lus
atpo^acul atus
Mlcrooterus
dolonlrul
Alosa
paeudo-
harangua
Fundu 1 us
heterocl 1 tus
Field
Study
FLR
FLO
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
FLR
Field
Locat Ion
93 samollnq
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampl 1 ng
s tat 1 ons In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 satnpl Ing
stations In
Mass.
93 sampl Inq
stations In
Mass.
93 samel Ing
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stations In
Mass.
93 sampling
stat 1 ons In
Mass.
93 sanpl Ing
stations In
Mass.
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Pp» or Noted
0.32 (residue)
0.3-1.0
(residue)
0.02-1. D
(residue)
0-1.1
(residue)
0-2.8
(residue)
0-2.1.
(residue)
0.<>-8.3
(residue)
0.02-0.3
(residue)
0.2-B.6
(residue)
0.3<» (residue! —
0.7-2.8
(residue)
Comments
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
sane as above
Reference
Lywan, et al
(19S8).
ANIC-3839
(1968),
AMic-3839
Lyan, »t al
(1968) ,
Lvman, et al
(19681.
Lyman, et al
ANIC-3S39
Lyman. et al
Lvman. et al
AHIC-3839
Lyman, ft al
(196S),
AHIC-3839
Lyman, et al
4HIC-3S39
Lyean, et al
(1968).
AMIC-3839
DOT
                     Notrools      FLR   13 sanollno  0.1-3.1
                                                                                       sane as above
                                                                                                                          Lynan,  et  al

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                      cornotus
                      Roccus
                      «t at
 <19«.R) .
 AMIC-3S39

 Lysn, *t al
       et al
      ,
AHIC-JS39

Lyxan, et al
                                                                                                      Lvoan, et al
Lyman, et al
                                                                    In studylnq control ot black fly,
                                                            tne Indicated aauatlc soecles were
                                                            studied at a series of six sanollnq
                                                            stations.  Mater Quality was unaffected
                                                            hy the DDT aopllcitlon.  No caoed fish
                                                            died,  hut Mild ones did apparently
                                                            resulting from inaestlon of dead
                                                            Invertebrate larvae.  Invertebrates were
                                                            collected by bottom sampling and bv drift
                                                            nets,  and fish by nettlncj and anqlinq.
                                                            Fish mortality could always be related to
                                                            at least a ten-fold Increase in DOT
                                                            residues In the fish.  DOT caused high
                                                            bottom fauna mortality by direct contact.
                                                             Caddisfty larvae Here more affected than
                                                            stonefly and mayfly larvae.  The author
                                                            stated that DOT larvicidlnq for black fly
                                                            control  was not successful because of
                                                            bar* to non-tarqet organises.

                                                                   sane »s above
Hatfleld
(1969),
AHIC-5770
                                                                                  Hatfletd
                                                                                  (1969),
                                                                                  AMIC-5770

-------
Coaoound
DOT
DOT
Organise
Simula*
venustu*
(larvae)
Botto*
Invertebrates
Field Field
Study Location
FS Bobby "s
Rrook,
Labrador,
Can.
FS Robby~s
Brook ,
Labrador,
Can.
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlent,
Pp«
0.1 (SB)
0.1 CK)
Cxoerlnental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
c,d,e,9
c«d,a,g
DOT
DOT
DOT

                                                      590 (SB)
                     •acrochlrus
                     (liver
                     •Itochondria)
                     Cooeoods
                     (Cyelons
                     talcusoMus,
                     Cyclops
                     varleans,
                     Cyclops
                     vernalIs,
                     Eucycloos
                     agllls.
                     Kacrocyclops
                     albldus,
                     OrthocyclODS
                     •odestus)
                     Cooepods
                     (Cyclops
                     blcuspldus,
                     Cvcloos
                     varlcans,
                     Cyclops
                     vernal Is,
                     Eucycloos
FL    State
and   College,
8S»   Hiss.
                                                      0.05 IK?)
FL
and
BSA
      Befzontt
      Hiss
0.05 191
oercent K2I
                                                                                                 Connents
                                                                                        sa«« as above
                                                                                        save as above
                                                                                        Reference


                                                                                        Hatfleld
                                                                                        I196<>>.
                                                                                        »«IC-5TTO


                                                                                        Hatfleld
                                                                                        (1«69),
                                                                                        AMIC-5770
                                   Oxygen uotakr by blu*?1"
                           mitochondria was inhibited in the
                           or«sence of  DOT and ^uccinic acid.
                           Increased hvdrolyslt of &TP also occurred
                           in the presence of  Mq and Hn ions.   ihe
                           author states that  the primary effect oT
                           DDT ancears  to be Inhibition of  electron
                           flow fro«. succlnlc  acid to the cytochroae
                           chain.

                                   The  response of
                           pesticide-resistant aouatle orqar.ls«s to
                           various pesticides  was co«oared to the
                           resoonse of  non-resistant softies.
                           Pesticide-resistant soecies w*r'
                           collected at Pelzonl and non-resistant
                           soecies at State College.  CoO«BOd«;.
                           clams, snails, and  sludae Hor«« fro*
                           Belzonl were considerably »ore tolerant
                           to oestlcldes than  the non-resl«tant
                           orqanlsms.  The authors note that  the
                           effect of increased tolerance 1" th*
                           orqanlsas Is an Increase In tn« a»ount of
                           pesticide residues  available to anlaals
                           of Mqher trophic levels.

                                  save  as above
                                                                                        Hlltlbran
                                                                                        (197U,
                                                                                        4MIC-59T5
Naqvlt «t
(1969),
Naavl, et al
(19691,
4NIC-5979
                     Macro cyclop*

-------
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
albldus,
OPthocveloo*
nodestus)

Tub If ex
tublf»x
                      Crassostre
                      vlrglnica
                      I tarvac)
                                    FL
                                    •nd
                                    BSi
                     AetTonl,
                     Hiss.
                                                       3.0 (NTE)
                                                       0.031. ITlfc)
                                    8SA
                      Gambusia
                      a«fInls
                      (female,  «i.3
                      c«,  1.9 q)
Leblstes      BS«
retIculatus
(nale, 1.8
», 0.? 9)
Tllapla       BS»
nossamblca
(*.<> en, 1.3
Kuhtla        BS*
saidvlcensls
U.3 en, 1.5
                                                       0.02 (Tl>)
                                                       0.003 (T4I
                                                       0.007 (T? pesticides on    Davis, et al
                                                             embryonic development of clans and
                                                             oysters Has reported.  Synerqlstlc        (1969)••NIC-
                                                             effects with solvents Here also reported. 5990
                                                              Most  of the compounds affected
                                                             develocnent more than survival.  Some,
                                                             however, drastically reduced larval
                                                             growth.  The authors point out the
                                                             necessity of evaluatlnq the effects of
                                                             pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                                             orqanisi* and note  the oosslbillty of
                                                             selecting chemicals for oest control that
                                                             Hould  not have serious effect on
                                                             shell fish.

                                                                     The five fish suedes are         Nunoqana. et
                                                             commonly found In  streams and estuaries   al  (1970),
                                                             In  semi-tropical areas.   G. af'lnls Mas
                                                             the most tolerant.   Varied sensitivity to
                                                             the toxicants Here  found.  K.
                                                             sandvlcensis MBS the most sensitive fish
                                                             studied.  The standard method procedure
                                                             Has fol totted.
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                            NunogaMa* et
                                                                                                                            al (19TO),
                                                                                                                            aMIC-6567
                                                                                                                            NunogaHa, et
                                                                                                                            al (1970),
                                                                                                       Nunooawa,  et
                                                                                                       al  (1970),
                                                                                                       »MIC-656T
DDT
Stolephorus   BSA
purpurea (3.6
em. fl.lt ql
                                 0.001 (T 12hr)  a.c,d,e.f,
                                                 1, salt
                                                 nater
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                                                                      et
                                                                                                                            al (1970),
                                                                                                                            *NIC-»>567

-------
I
Toxlclty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient.
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm
DOT Carclnus BSA — 0.3-1.0 (T2>
maenas
DOT Card I urn edule BSA ~ greater than
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a* (con tin- One hundred-forty surface active
uous aer- agents, solvent enulslf iers, pesticides,
ation, sea- aolychlorlnated blohenyls, pure
water, and Inorganic, and organic cheirlcals were
da^y evaluated against as nany as ten marine
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
renewal) Published data of this type deal xlth
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
10 ae(contin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
Reference
Portmann, et
at 11971),
AHIC-7701
Portmann, et
al (1971),
*«TC-7701
                                                                      renewal)
DOT
                     Pleuroneetes
                     PIatessa
                                   as*
                                                               0.003-0.01
                                                               m>
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                        save as above
Portnann, et
al 11971),
AHTC-7701
DOT
                     Freshwater
                     drua
                                   Ft
DOT
                     Goldfish
                                   FL
                                                  Ore*t Lakes  0.6Z  (-hole
                                                   (Ontario,     body residue)
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erl«,
                                                   Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                                  Great Lakea
                                                  (Ontario,
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                                      0.70 (whole
                                                      body residue)
                   Fish fron lake Nlchiqan contained Relnert
           2 to 7 tl»es more POT (and DOT analogs)    (ig7fl),«MIC-
           and ni«ldrin r«>sl<1uvs than fish from fhe  196
           other Great Lakes.  Fish fro* Lake
           SuOTlor Invariably had the loxest
           accumulations of both chemicals.  The
           compounds tended to concentrate in fat
           (oils).  Considerable additional data are
           presented.  The author noted the need to
           reduce pesticide usage to a minimum and
           to replace these Insecticides with less
           persistent materials.
                                                                                        same as above
                                                     Relnert
                                                     (1970),
                                                     1HIC-196

-------
DOT
                     Klyl
                                   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Boron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
             3.38 (whole
             body residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
Relnert
(197DJ,
•HIC-19S
DOT
Lake herring  FL
Great Lakes  l.tt-3.91
(Ontario,    (whole body
Huron,       residue)
Erie,
Superior.
Michigan)
                                                                                        saae as above
Relnert
(1970) ,
196
DOT
Lake trout    FL    Great Lakes  6.6t-7.(>i>
                    (Ontario,    (whole body
                    Huron,       residue)
                    Brie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970),*HIC-
                                                                                  196
DOT
                     Lake
                     white fish
                                   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan}
             D.<.5-5.0?
             (Hholebody
             residue!
                                                                                        saae as above
Relnert
(1970),«MIC-
196
DOT
                     Rock bass
                                   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
             O.ltO (whole
             body residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
Relnert
(1979),
•HIC-19S
DOT
Round         FL    Great Lakes  0.57 (whole
whiterIsh           (Ontario,    body residue)
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                  (1970).
                                                                                  •MIC-196
                                          aupai-xur,
                                          Michigan)

-------
Field Field
Co*»oun4 Organise Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
PDH
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
Connents Reference
         DOT
                              Sea laoorey   FL
                                                  Great Lakes
                                                  (Ontario,
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Brie,
                                                  Superior.
                                                  Michigan)
                                 1.27  (whole
                                 body  residue!
                                                                                                saae as above
                                                                    Relnert
                                                                    (1970),
                                                                    AMIC-196
         DOT
                              SI lay sculoln FL
f
s
                   Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                   Huron,
                   Erie,
                   Superior,
                   Michigan)
                                                               0.22-2.33
                                                               (whole body
                                                               residue)
                                                                                                save as above
                                                                    'elnert
                                                                    (1970) ,
         DOT
                              Soottall
                              shiner
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
0.25 (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                saae as above
Relnert
(1970),
AMIC-196
         DOT
Nine-coined   FL    Great Lakes  n.^3 (Hhole
stickleback         (Ontario,    body residue)
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                sane  as above
                                                                                                                                   Relnert
                                                                                                                                   (1970),
                                                                                                                                   AMIC-196
         DOT
                              Stonecat
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                               0.28 (whole
                                                               body residue)
                                                                                                saae  as above
                                                                    Relnert
                                                                    (1970),
                                                                    AHIC-196

-------
         DOT
                              Troutoerch
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Krle,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
0.9* (Hhole
body residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
PeJnert
(1970),
•HIC-196
         DOT
Malleye       FL    Great Lakes  1.13-6.03
                    (Ontario,    (whole body
                    Huron,       residue)
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     •1970),
                                                                     •MIC-196
         DOT
                              Hhlte bess
                                            FL
U)
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,  .
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
1.89-2.76
Iwho I* body
residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
R«Inert
(1970),
4MIC-196
         DOT
                              Mhlte perch   FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Krle,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
it.'Si (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
ffelnert
(1970).
•MIC-196
         DOT
                              Uttlte sucker  FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
0.37-1.1*.
(•hole body
residue)
                                                                                                 saee as above
Relnert
(1070),
196
         DOT
                              YeII en oereh  FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
0.87-2.93
(•hole body
residue!
                                                                                                 saee as above
Beinert
(1970),AMIC-
196

-------
             Comoound
            Field  Field
Organism    Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
ExoerlBcntal
Variables!
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                            Comments
                                                                                                                                     Deference
           DOT
                                Fiierald
                                shiner
                                              FL
                 Great Lakes   0.9
-------
                                         Huron,
                                         Erie,
                                         Superior.
                                         Michigan)
                                                      residua)
DOT
Brown         FL    Great Lakes  0.28 (*hole     —
bullhead            (Ontario,    body
                    Huron,       realdue)
                    Erie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                 Reinert
                                                                                 (1970),ftMIC-
                                                                                 196
DOT
                     Carp
                                   Ft
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior.
                    Michigan)
             1.93 (Hhola
             body residue)
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                    Reinert
                                                                    (1<»70>.
                                                                    4MIC-196
DOT
Channel
catfish
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior,
Michigan)
ft.90 (xhole
body residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
Reinert
(1970).
•HIC-196
DOT
coho sal-on   FL    Great Lakes  0.72 (whole
(flesh)             (Ontario,    body residue)
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                        sa«e as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                  (1970).»MIC-
                                                                                  196
DOT
 Coho sol won
 (eqos)
                                   FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior.
Michigan)
2.12  (whole
body  residue)
                                                                                        saae as above
Reinert
(1970),»MIC-
196

-------
Coaoound

Field Field
Orgnnls" Study Location
Lake
Michigan)
Toxlclty.
Active
Ingredient,
Ppn

Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

Reference

DOT
                     Cvorlnus
                     carplo
                                   FR
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
DOT
                     Catostotus    FR
                     commersonl
                     Amelurus      FR
                     nebulosus
                     Perca         FR
                     f lavescens
                     Csox luclus   FR
                     «»bI oolites   FR
                     ruoestrls
                     Ca«pelom» sp. FR
St. Lawrence 0.3(1(0.33 Don
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada
St. Lawrence 0.38(1.33 apu
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.3MD.1? Don
Piver,       aax tissue
Hontreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38 (0.?Sppm
River,       max tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38 (0.38
River,       ppi»«ax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.38(0.02 POM
River,       nax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada

St. Lawrence 0.36 <0.">0po»
River,       nax tissue
Montreal,    residue)
Canada
        Residues of ODD were measured In  Fredeen, et
water, irud, molluscs, and fish durlnq and at (1970),
after 1)00 application in 1967.  Sa«0ling  •MIC-53't
points were shove the point of
apotlcatlon and 10 and <•? «i downstream.
Residues fro* unknown sources were
detected upstream.  Qownstreao residues
were more than twice those obtained
upstream (0.156 versus 0.369 ppn).  The
hlqhest concentration in an Individual
fish was 1.R1 ppm.
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                        sane  as above
                                                                                        sane  as above
                                                                                        sa»e as-above
                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al
                                          (1970).A1IC-
                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al (1970).
                                          AHIC-S3I.
                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al (1970),
                                          AMIC-531.
                                                                                                                           Fredeen, et
                                                                                                                           al  (1970),
                                                                                                                           AHTC-S3*
                                          Fredeen, et
                                          al
                                          (1970),«HIC-
                                          53«.

                                          Fredeen, et
                                          at (1970),
                                          ANIC-53ii
DOT
                     Cyprlnodon    BSA
                                                      0.015-0.02 (K>  a*.
                                                                                         Sensitivity of three generations  Holland, et

-------
         DOT
f
3
          00 VP
          00 VP
          00 VP
          00 VP
          DDVP
                               varleqatus
                               (90-70 ••)
                                                                                seaNater
                               tonthle
                                                   Trout Creek, 9.012-0.068
                                                   Hasatch      (Kl
                                                   County,Utah
                                                 Streaa
                                                 flow
                               (.•bee rohlta
                               (fry)
                                             BSA
                                                                11.? CT7>
                                                                                a,e,d,e,f
                               Labeo rohlta   BSA
                               fflnq.rllng)
Trichoqaster  BSA
fasclfttus
lyounq)

Trlchogaster  BSA
faselitus
(a>lult>
                               Ch*nna
                               punc tutus
                               tfry)
                                             BSA
                                                                22.* tT7)
                                                                1.8 «T7I
                                                                ?.«. (T7)
                                                                0.8 IT7J
                                                                                a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                a.c,d,c,f
                                                 a,c>d,«,T
of sheepshead nlnnoMs to DOT and Endrln   al 119701,
Mas determined.  Sensitivity to DOT       AHIC-726
varied seasonally.  Fish Mere bred in
ponds 15m X 5m X t.25m exposed to
pesticides In aauarla, and survivors used
for breeding.  The results for DOT Mere
not entirely clear due to the seasonal
variability.  Increased and decreased
sensitivity Mere recorded for the Fl
generation at different tines. Increased
sensitivity for the F7, and decreased for
the F3.  The authors stated that
incorporation of DOT in ova via llnids
•ay have caused increased sensitivity.
Endrln toxicity MBS decreased in the Fl
and Increased In the F? generation.

        Complete deoopulatlon Has found   Sonstelle
at the collection station ?ODD m          11969),
downstream from aoplicatlon point.        AMIC-96*
Insect mortality Mas Independent of DOT
concentration In areas of turbulent floM,
thus mortality Has not directly related
to HOT concentration in this field
situation.  Repopulatlon Mas Incomplete
after 57 MK.

        DDVP and Phosohamldon Mere shoMn  Konar
to be selective toxicants that can be     (1969> ,AM,IC-
used for eradication of undesirable       5*53
animals fro* ponds Mlthout injuring carp.
 OOVP seeeed superior since less Mas
needed. It Mas not influenced by
turbidity, and It detoxified more rapidly
than Phosohamldon.

       sane as above                      Konar
                                          «!<169l,AHtC-
                                          5U53

       saae as above                      Konar(19691,
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                                  save as above
                                          Konar
                                          (19691, A1IC-
                                          51.57

                                          Konar
                                          (1969» ,
                                          AHIC-51.53
         OOVP
                              Puntlus
                                            BSA
                                                                6.2  (T7>
                                                                                                  saae  as  above
                                                                                                                                    Konar

-------
Comoound

OQVP
OOVP
DOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
Field Field
Organism Study Loeatloi
sophore
(adult)
*nabas BS* —
testudineus
Hetaropnaus- BS* —
tea foaailis
Esomus BS* —
danrlca
(Try)
Esomus BS*
danrlca
(adult)
Notoneeta sp. BS* —
Dytlscus sp. BS* — -
(1 arvae)
Dytlscus sp. BS* ~
(adult)
Spha»rod*ma BS* --
annul a turn
Panatra BS*
fl liforuls
Anisootera BSA ~
(nvmohsl
Cytilster sp. BS*
Toxlclty, Exoerlmental
Active Variables,
Inqredlent, Controlled
n Pom or Noted

11.7 (T7) a.c.d.e.f
17.8 (T7) a,c,d,e,f
2.8 (T7) a,c,d.e,(
18.? (T7) a.c.d.e.f
0.001 (T7) a,c,d,e,l
0.06<. (T7I a.c.d.e.f
0.35 (T7) a.c.d.e.f
0.085 (T7) a.c.d.e.l
0.13 (T7) a.c.d.e.l
0.15 (T7) a.c.d.e.f
0.21 (T7> a.c.d.e.f
Comments

same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
same as above
Reference
(19*9) ,»HIC-
Konar
(1969) ,
Konar
Konar
(1969) ,*MIC-
Konar
(1969) .AHIC-
Konar
(1969) ,
Konar
(1969), *MIC-
51.53
Konar
51.53
Konar
Konar
(1969),
AMIC-51.53
Konar
(1969),*HIC-
51.53
Konar
(1969),
AHIC-St.53

-------
         ODVP
                              Neoa so.
                                            BSA   —
                                                               0.27 (T7)       a,c,       a,e,d,»,f
                                                                                                 Sao* as above
Konar
(1969).
         OOVP
         00 VP
                              Hydroonllus   BSA
                              SO.
                              Volvox
                                            BSA   —
                                                               0.39 (T7t       a,c,d,e.f
                                                               5.0 (NTE)       a,e,d.e,f
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Konsr
(1969),
A1TC-5I.53

Konar
(1969).
         00 VP
                              Pandorlna     BSA
                                                               5.0 (NTE)       »,e,d,*.l
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                                                    IConar
                                                                                                                                    (1959),
s
         00 VP
         00 VP
         OOVP
                              Closterlun    BSA
                              Brachlonys    BSA
                              Gastrotrleha  BSA
                                                               5.0 (NTE)       a.c.d.e.f
                                                               9.0 (NTE)       a,c,d,e,f
                                                                .0 (NTE)       a.c.d.e.f
                                                                                                 same as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                                                    Konar
Konsr
(1969) ,
AMIC-5U53

Konar
(1969).
         OOVP
         OOVP
         DOVP
                              Cvorls
                                            BSA
                              Cyclops       BSA   —
                              Nauollus      BSA   —
                                                               1.0 (K>
                                                               0.5 (K>
                                                               0.5 (K)
                                                                               a,c,d,e,f
                                                                               a.e.d.e.f
                                                                               9,c,d,e,f
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Konar
(1969),
AMIC-5I.53

Konar
(1969),
AMIC-SU53

Konar
(1969).
AHIC-51,53
         OOVP
         DOVP
                              Daohnla
                                            BSA   —
                              Cerlodaphnla  BSA
                                                               0.5 (K)
                                                               0.5 (K)
                                                                               a,c,d,e,f
                                                                               a,c,d,e,f
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                 sane as above
Konar
(1969),
AHTC-S4.5J

Konar
(1969).
AHIC-5W53

-------
Compound
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
DOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
OOVP
MVP
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Dlaptomus 8SA —
Nandus nandus BSA —
•Ufa rlta 8SA
Apohlonou* BSA —
cuchla
Mystus BSA —
vitatus
tlry»
Mystus BSA —
vitatus
(adult)
Puntlus BSA
sophore
lfry>
Chann* BSA —
punctatus
(1 Inqert lnq>
Cnanna BSA —
punctatus
(adult)
Mastocembelus BSA —
pancalus
Hacroqnatnus BSA ~
acu lea turn
Cttanna L —
punctatus
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppm
0.5 (K)
2.6 CT7)
2.8 (T7)
3.1, (T7)
2.3 CT7)
6.6 
1.0 (T7)
1.8 (T71
2.9 (T7>
2.6 (T7)
3.6 «T7I
20 (SB1)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e, f same as above
a,c,d,e, f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a,c,d,e,f same as above
a* Snakehead fish eqgs Here
unaffected by OOVP concentrations of
Reference
Konar
(1969),
AMIC-SWS
Konar
(1989),
Konar
Konar
AHTC-SI.53
Konar
(1969) ,
Konar
(1969),
Konar
(1969),
AMIC-SI.53
(1969),»1tC-
Konar
(I960) ,ASIC-
5*53
Konar (1069),
AMIC-5»S3
Konar (19S9).
AMIC-"il,53
Konar
less (1969), AMIC-

-------
Oecamethonlu*
dl bromide
                      leqq*)
Channa
punctafus
(hatch!lnq«)

Neqaprlon
brevlrostrls
                                   L      —
                                   BSA
                                                        .5 IT2)
90 .0
                                                                                  ppm and stopped at 5.Q  ppm or more.   Eggs
                                                                                  and hatch!Ings survived Hell at  0.1  ppm
                                                                                  DOVP.

                                                                                         same as above                      Konar
•HIC-6T8S

Baldridqe
(1969).
*MIC-383?
*«              Data fro* study of drug effects
           on younq lemon sharks Here treated
           mathematically to demonstrate
           applicability of classical rate theory to
           the study of chemical shark deterrents.
           Incaoacltatlon (narcosis)  xas the orlnary
           parameter timed for effectiveness.  This
           Has usually quite rapid for the more
           effective druas.
                                                                    The effect o« 57 pesticides on    Davis, et «l
                                                            embryonic development of clans and
                                                            oysters Has reported.  Svnerglstlc        (1969)«»MIC-
                                                            effects Hlth solvents Here also reported. 5990
                                                             Most of the compounds affected
                                                            develocment more than survival.  Some,
                                                            honever, drastically reduced larval
                                                            growth.  The authors point out the
                                                            necessity of evaluating the effects of
                                                            pesticides on all  life stages of an
                                                            organise and note  the possibility of
                                                            selecting chemicals for pest control that
                                                            Mould not have serious effect on
                                                            shellfish.
                                                                                        same as above
                —                  Approximate toxlclties of
                           numerous pesticides commonly used  in
                           Britain were summarized.  An excellent
                           brief,  general  discussion of toxlclty
                           testing Is also present.

                «*(contin-          One hundred-forty surface  active
                uoua  aer-   agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
                ation,  sea-DO I yen lorInated blohenyls,  pure
                water,  and  Inorganic, and  organic chemicals ner«
                           evaluated against as many as ten marine
                           organisms.  The authors noted that most
                           published data  of  this type deal tilth
Davis, et al

(1169),»HIC-
5990

HaHdeslev-Th
  om«s(197t)
AMIC-105%
                                                                                                                           Port»ann, «t
                                                                                                                           al (1971),
                                                                                                                           AMIC-7701

-------
Toxlcity, Experimental

Field Field
Coaoound Organise Study Location


Oeraol Crangon BSA —
crangon





0«r*ol Pandalv* BSA —
•ontagul





Oa Oe Tana ?? Rasbora BCF* —
hateroKoroha and
BS»










Oa Oe Tana (llauld) Rasbora BCF* —
heteroaorpha and
BSA







Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Poa or Noted
solution
renewal)
100-330 «TZ) a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
uator, and
daily
solution
renewal)
108-330  a*,c,c,r.
hard
IHHIor
soft (SH)
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seanater
t or soae
species


Conaents
toxlclty of chemicals to. freshMater
orqanlsos.
saae as above






sane as above






On* hundred sixty-tour
DesticldeSf wetting agents, and
alscel taneous Hater pollutants shoxed a
wide ranqe of toxlclty soannlnq 12 orders
of miqnltude. Knowlna the toxiclty and •
percentage of al 1 comoonents of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty ot a
•Ixture of Materials. Sonetlnes
pesticides Here nost toxic in hard Hater
and sotet lines the opposite Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.
saae as abova











Reference


Portnann, et
al (19711,
«HIC-r7«l




Portaann, et
al 11971),
•MIC-77C1




Alabaster,
(19691, AHIC-
5*?5










Alabaster,
(1969), AMIC-
5*25








-------
Da Oe Tana  (liquid!
Rasbora
heteronorpha
8Cf»
•nd
BSA
0.02 CT2 In
acetone!
Oe 0« Ten* (oast*)
                     Rasbora
                     heteroaorpha
              RCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                       10.7 (Tl)

0* 0* Tan*
(xettable)
Rasbora
heteronorpha
BCFA
and
BS*
0.001 IT2 tin
acetone)
Oa 0* Tana
(••tfabta)
ffasbora
heteronorpha
BCF*
and
flS*
                                                       8.2 IT2)
a*fc,«,f ,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SH)
synthetic
dilution
••atari  or
seanater
for son*
species

a*,c,e,f.
bmrd (HW)
or soft
(W)
thatia
dilution
vater,  or
MMmter
tor some
•paeles
                                                                       hard (HW)
                                                                       or soft
                                                                       (SHI
                                                                       synthetic
                                                                       dilution
                                                                       Mater,  or
                                                                       seaxater
                                                                       for some
                                                                       soecles
                                                                       hard
                                                                       IHW)or
                                                                       soft  (SH)
                                                                       synthetic
                                                                       dilution
                                                                       nat*r,  or
                                                                       saaHater
                                                                       for soaa
                                                                       spaclas
                                                                                         saaa as abova
                                                                                                                            Alabaster,
                                                                                                                            fl<96
                                                                     ANIC-892

-------
  Comoound
                       Organism
Field  Field
Study Location
                                                       Toxlclty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
Exo«rI mental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
Olazlnon
                     Pasbora
                     heteromorpha
BCFA
and
OS*
                                                       l.«»S  IT1)
Placlnon
 Olcamba
                     papulifera.
                      Gammarus
                      tasclatus
                                    BSA
                                                      100 (K)
                    greater  than
                    100.0  IT3)
a»,c,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(SO syn-
thetic
water, or
aoawater
Tor son*
speclea
                                    Euntor'i
                                    medium
                                    diluted
                                    1:5
                                                                       a»
 Olcaajba
                      Paleomontes   BS»
                      kadiakens Is
                    greater  than
                    100.0  (T2)
more toxic thar CuSO»
miscellaneous wafer oollutanrs showed a   AHIC—5*>?5
wide ranoe of toxlcity scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and

formulation did not result in easy
prcrtlctabl11tv of the toxicity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and sometimes the ooposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

         All  compounds were harmful to
duckweed to  sons  degree.   Decreased
populations  were  noted at non-lethal
concentrations  and  some  compounds
(Kalathlon  and  2,l).-D)  caused  teratogenio
effects at concentrations as  low as 1 ppn.

        Of  the  aquatic weed herbicides
evaluated, Dlclone  was the most  toxic,
Daphnla was  generally the most sensitive   IV]
organism.  All  of  the Crustacea  were
affected by  much  lower concentration
levels of herbicides  than Indicated by
the TL sub SO values.  All of the animals
represent  Important  food  chain links.

       sane  as  above                      Sanders
                                           «1970),AHIC-
                                                     kiorthley, et
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AKIC-3233
                                                                                         Sander*
 Olcamba
Olcaaea
                      •sell us       8S»
                      brevlcaudus
                      Orconectes    BS»
                      nals
                    greater  than
                    100.0  (T2)
                    greater  than
                    100.0  IT?)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                      Sanders
                                                      11970),AMIC-
                                                      *53

                                                      Sanders
                                                      (1970>,AHIC-
                                                      *S3
Oleaaba
                      Oaohnla aagna BS*    —
                                                       greater than
                                                                                         sarnie as above
                                                                                                                            Sander*

-------
                                                                 loo.o
                                                                                                                                      (1970),*HIC-
          Olcamba
                               Cypridoosls   BS*
                               vldua
greater than
100.0 ITZ)
                                                                                                  sane as above
Sanders
(1970),»1IC-
          Oicamba
          Olcapthon
                               Leoonis       BS*
                               •acrochlrus
                               Mercenarla
                               •ercenarla
                               (eggs)

                                                                l-O.O tti)
                                                                     
                                                                5.7 (T2)
          OIeMot>«nll
                               Cal llhacfIs
                               sp.  (nymoh,
                               8-12 «•>
                                             8S»
                                                                10.3 (Tl>)
                                                                     Sanders
                                                                     (1970)t
                                                                     AMIC-WS3
                ~                 The effect of 5? pesticides on    Davis, «t al
                           embryonic development of clams and
                           oysters MBS reported.  Synergistic        (1969)»AHIC-
                           effects Mlfh solvents Here also reported. 5990
                            Most  of the compounds affected
                           develocment more than survival.  Some,
                           however, drastically reduced larval
                           gronth.  The authors point out the
                           necessity of evaluating the effects of
                           pesticides on all  life stages of  an
                           organism and note  the possibility of
                           selecting chemicals for pest control that
                           Hould  not have serious effect on
                           shell fish.

                —                same as above                      Davis, et al

                                                                     (1969),*HIC-
                                                                     599D

                a*,c,e,f.           One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                hard  (HM)   pesticides, netting agents, and           (1969),
                or         miscellaneous Hater oollutants shoned a    AHIC—5*»?5
                SOFT(SH)    Hide range of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
                synthetic   of  magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                dilution    percentage of all  components of a
                Hater,  or   formulation did not result in easy
                seanater    predictability of  the toxlcity of a
                for some    mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                species    pesticides Mere most toxic in hard Mater
                           and sometimes the  opposite Has true.
                           Testing the actual  material as sold xas
                           found  to be essential.

               ««,b»,c,f.          The toxlcity of  herbicides Olouat Wilson, et
                1,1, and    and Dichlobenll  to  aquatic invertebrates   al  (1969),
                fllllca,     and fish Mas determined  in aquaria        ANIC-5<>52
                Calcium,    containing substrates natural  to  each
               nagneslura.  soecles.  Dlouat was nulte toxic  to H.
                sodium,     azeteca but not  as  toxic  to other
               potassium,  organisms.  Olchlohenll  Has less  toxic to
                           M.  azeteeus but considerably more toxic

-------
Toxlclty, Exoerimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Comoound Organism Study Location Po» or Noted Comments
blcarbon- to th*> remaining organism than OiQuat
ate. Hud lessened the toxlcltv ot both, but
carbonate, more so for Olquat. Oichtobenll had a
SUlfate, sublethal narcotizing effect on the
Iron, organisms that resulted In
dissolved Immobilization. It Has concluded that
solids, both herbicides could adversely affect
conduc- certain fish food organisms.
tanee
Olchlobvnll RalUbRctls BSA — 7.* (S8«.) **,b«,c,r, same as above
so. Cnymoh, 1,1, and
8-1? ••) silica,
calcium,
magnesium.
sodlun,
potassium,
blcarbon-
ata,
carbonate.
sulfate,
iron.
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Olchlobenli Leoonls BSA — lit. 7 (Tit) a»,b»,c,f, sane as above
•acrochlrus 1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
oagnesium,
sodium.
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate.
sulfata.
iron.
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Reference









Nllson, et
at (1969),
»MIC-5
-------
OleMobenll
Libel lull ip. ASA
(naiad. 16-24
qreater thanlOO a»,b»,c,f,
(T 1-M         1,1, and
                silica,
                calcium,
                magnesium,
                sodium,
                potassium,
                bicarbon-
                ate,
                carbonate,
                sulfate,
                Iron,
                dissolved
                solids,
                conduc-
                tance
                                                                                          sa>e as above
Wilson, «t
al (1969),
OlcMobenll
Libellul» so. BSA
(n*lad, .16-?«t
••I
greater ThanlOO »»,b»,c,f,
tse l-«»t        1,1, and
                silica,
                calcium,
                magnesium,
                sodium,
                potasslua,
                bicarbon-
                ate,
                carbdhate,
                solTata,
                iron,
                dissolved
                solids,
                conduc-
                tance
                                                                                          sane as above
Mil son, et
al (1969),
*MIC-5«>52
Olchlob«nl!
                                                       13.0  (TV)
                      so.  (larva,
                      15-2D ••»
                                                  a»,b«,c,f,
                                                  1,1,  and
                                                  silica,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  magnesium,
                                                  sodium,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  bicarbon-
                                                  ate,
                                                                                          saee as above
                                                                      Milton, «T
                                                                      al (19691,

-------
Toxlclty, CxDerlmental
Active Variables.
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Conoouno Organise Study Location Po« or Noted
carbonate,
sulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Olehlobenll Llnmeohl tus BSA — 13.BO (SB*) *».b»,c,f,
so. (larva. ^J; •nd
1S-?0 «•> silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
aulfate,
Iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Olchlobenll Hlcrooterus BSA -- 1Z.5 ITU) •.*,b»,c,f,
salHoldes 1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodiun,
potasaiua,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Connents
same as above
sane as above
Reference
Wilson, et
at (196S),
Wilson, et
al  (1965),

-------
           Dletilobenll
                                Myalella
                                •zeteca
                                (adult. *-•
                                              BSA   —
                                                                 8.5  (TO
>
I
          Dlchlooenll
                                Hy*lelta
                                azteea
                                ••dolt, k-«
                                Mt
                                              BS»   —
                                                                 2.8  csav)
          OlcMebcnll
Enallaq** sp. BS»
(nal»d, 16-7*
•a)
                                                                 12.3 (SBl)
                                                  1,1,
                                                  •iliea,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  nagneaiua,
                                                  sodlun,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  bicerbon-
                                                  at«,
                                                  carbonate,
                                                  aulfata.
                                                  Iron,
                                                  dissolved
                                                  solids,
                                                  conduc-
                                                  tance
 •*,b«,c,r,
 1,1. and
 silica,
 calcium,
 •agneslun,
 •odium,
 potassium,
 bicarbon-
 ate,
 carbonate,
 sulfate.
 Iron,
 dissolved
 solids,
 conduc-
 tance

a*,D».e,f,
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
                                                                                                    SMC »s sbove
                                                       Mllson, et
                                                       al Il,
                                                       •HIC-Sl.52
                                                                                                         as above
                                                                                                                                       Wilson, et
                                                                                                    saae  as  above
Wilson, et
• I (19691,

-------
I
ToxIclTy, Experimental
Active Variables,
Fl^ld Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organls" Study Location ._ Pp» or Noted Comments
carbonate,
solfata.
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
DlcMobenll Fnallaqaa SP. BSA — 20.7 tT«»> m»fbV,c,r, sa«« as abov«
(naiad, 16-Z* 1,1, and
••) silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
sodium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate.
Iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Reference







Wilson, «t
al (1969),
«HIC-S«.52













         DlcMobonll
         Olchlobenll
         Olehlobenll
         Dlchlobcnll
                              Gamnarus
                              fasclatus
                                            RSA
18.0 (T2),  10.0  a»
                               Orconectes
                               nals
                              Paleonontes    BSA
                              kadlakensls
                               •sellus        BSA
                               brevlcaudus
                                                                9.0  (T2I
                                                                                8»
                                             BSA   —
                                   Of the aquatic weed herbicides
                           evaluated, Olclone was the most toxic,
                           Oaonnla was qenerally the most sensitive
                           orqanlsm.  All of the Crustacea Mere
                           affected by much lower concentration
                           levels of herbicides than indicated by
                           the TL sub SO values.  All of the animals
                           represent Import ant food chain links.

                                  same as above
Sanders
(t<970>.
                                                                                                                                     Sanders
                                                                3
-------
Olehlobenll
Dlchlobenll
Olchlobenll
Dlehlone
                      Daohnla  magna  BS»    —
                     Cyorldopsls    BSA
                     vldua
                     Leoomls       BSA
                     •acroehlrin
                     Sal«o         BCFA
                     galrdnerl     and
                                   BSA
                                                       10.0 CT21
                                                       7.a  
                                                 a*,c,e,f,
                                                 bard IHWJ
                                                 or soft
                                                 ISW) syn-
                                                 thetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 water, or
                                                 seawater
                                                 for some
                                                 opeeles
OleMon*
Gammarus      BSA
fasclatus
                                                       0.21.  (T2),  0.10 a*
Olchlone
Olehlon*
Olchlon*
OieMon*
                     Palconiontes
                     Asrltus       BS»
                     Orconectes    BSA
                     nals
                     Daphnla «aqna BSA   —
                                                      fl.1.5 (T2)
                                                      0.20 (T2)
                                                      3.2 IT2)
                                                      0.025 (T2>
                                                                                         san« as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                                                            Sanders
                                                                                                                            11970) ,
                                                                                                                            AMIC-1,53

                                                                                                                            Sanlers
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                        same as abova
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wetting agents, and
miscellaneous water pollutants shooed a
Hide range of toxlcity scanning 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knotting the toxlcity and
percentage of all eoitoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides Mere most toxic in hard Mater
and sometimes the ooooslte was true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.

        Of the aauatlc Meed herbicides
evaluated. Olclone was the most toxic.
Daphnia Mas generally the most sensitive
organism.  All of the Crustacea Mere
affected by much lower- concentration
levels of herbicides than Indicated by
the TL sub SO values.  All of the animals
represent Important food chain links.

       same as above
AMIC-«t53

Sanders
I19TO) ,
AHIC-i.53

Alabaster
(1959),
AHIC-5V25
                                                                                                                           Sanders
                                                                                                                           <1970>,
                                                                                                                           AMIC-1.53
                                                                                                      Sanders
                                                                                                      C197P),
                                                                                                      ANIC-1.53

                                                                                                      Sanders
                                                                                                      <197t» •
                                                                                                      AMIC-
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Sanders

-------
Compound

OrqanlSM
vldua
Field Field
Study Location

Toxlclty.
Active
Ingredient.
Ppa

Experlaental
Variables.
Controlled
or Noted

Coaioents Reference
(19701.
         Olchlon*
                              leooals
                              •acrochlrus
                                            BS»   —
                                                               0.12 
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                                      Sanders
                                                                                                      <197d>,
         OlcMorfenthlon
•asbora       BCFA
heteroporoha  and
              BSA
                                                               1.9 (T2)
i
         Oichtorfenthlon
ftasbora       BCFA
heteroMorptta  and
              BSA
                                                               Z.I IT1)
                                                 •*»*»*»f.          One hundred sixty—four
                                                 bard (HW)  pesticides, wetting agents, and
                                                 or soft    Mlscellaneous water oollutants showed a
                                                            wide range of toxlclty soannlnq 1? orders
                                                            of  Maqnltude.  Knowlnq the toxlclty and
                                                            percentage of all  covoonents of a
                                                            (emulation did not result in easy
                                                            predictability of  the toxlclty of a
                                                            Mixture of Materials.  SoMetiws
                                                            pesticides Mere most toxic In hard Mater
                                                            and soMetiaes the  opposite was true.
                                                            Testlnq the actual  Material as sold Mas
                                                            found to be essential.

                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                                                                    Alabaster
                                                                                                                                    (1969),
                                                      ffn-
                                                 thotio
                                                 dilution
                                                 KBtor, Or
                                                 •mtrator
                                                 fOr aXNM
                                                 •paelea
                                                                               hard (HW)
                                                                               or soft
                                                                               (Stf) fjn-
                                                                               thotie
                                                                               ••tor, or
                                                                               •ewtmtor
                                                                               for aoo.
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      11469).
                                                                                                      ANIC-5W25
         Oletilorfenlhlon
                              Rasbora       BCFA
                              heteroBorpha  and
                                            as*
                                                               (.73 ITZ)
         Dlchlore«hen (Na
         «altl
Salao
qalrdnerl
              BCFA
              and
              BS*
                                                               O.Z2 tT2>
                                                 hard'(Hw)
                                                 or aoft
                                                 (SO «jn-
                                                 tfaatlo
                                                 dUutloa
                                                 «at*r( or
                                                 •eawater
                                                 for-aoa«
                                                 •p«oi«*
a*,c,e,f,
hard
IHMIor
                                                                                                 saae  as above
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969).
                                                                                                 saae as above
Alabaster
119691.

-------
          Olchlorophen  INa
          «alf>
Rasbora
heteromorpha
8CFA
and
BSA
                                                                9.19 (T2t
soft (SH>
synthetic
dilution
water,  or
seawater
for son*
species

a»,c,e,f,
bud (HW)
or soft
(SO syn-
thetic
water,  or
seawater
for tome
•pecle*
                                                                   sane as above
Alabaster
(1969).A1IC-
I
         Olchlorvo*
Rasbora
heteromorpha
BCFA
and
RS*
                                                                    (TZ)
         Oleldrln  115 percent  Rasbora
         N.O.I                 hat«ro»orpha
              BCF»
              •nd
              BS»
                                                                t.a
         Dlaldrln
         Dial OrIn
                               Fish  (net
                               specified)
Poocllla
latlolnna
                                            BCr»   —
                                                 hard (HW)
                                                 or
                                                 SOFT(SH)
                                                 synthetic
                                                 dilution
                                                 water, or
                                                 seaitater
                                                 for so««
                                                 species
                                   a>,c,etf.
                                   hardCHW)
                                   or soft
                                   (SHI
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   •ater, or
                                   seauatar
                                   for so»e
                                   species
                                 qreater than
                                 B.D01-0.01 (K)
                   0.003 (partial  a*
                   K?)
                   On» hundred sixty-four
           pesticides, M»TTlnq sqents,  and
           miscellaneous Hater oollutants showed a
           Hide range of toxlcity soanninq 12 orders
           of maqnltude*  KnoH(n<| thi* toxlclty and
           percentage of all coxoonents of a
           formulation did not result In easy
           predictability of the toxlcity of a
           •Ixture of Materials.  Sometimes
           pesticides Mere most toxic In hard water
           and soretlaes the opposite was true.
           Testing the actual Material  as sold was
           found to be essential.

                  sane as above
Alabaster
(1969),
                                                                                                                                    Alabaster
                   Approximate toxlcltles of         Nawdeslev-
           numerous pesticides conaonly used In      Thoaas(197t)
           Britain were summarized.  An excellent      AMIC-1056
           brief,  general  discussion of toxicity
           testing is also present.

                   Studies ware conducted with fish  Lane, «t al
           weighing 2-5 g  in saawater at a           (1970),

-------
  Compound
              Field  Field
  Organise    Study Location
                                                       Toxtclty,
                                                       Active
                                                       Ingredient,
Experimental
Variables.
Controlled
or Not«
-------
                                                                (SB)
                                                                                                                                     ctal (1971),
         Oleldrln
Larqe»outh
bass
FRL   Hlse. states 0.01-1.59
                   residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
Henderson,
Ft al
(1971),
»MIC-l«i07
         Oleldrtn
                              Brown
                              bulI head
              FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.25
                                 residue  ISB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                         Henderson,et
                                                                                         •I  (1971),
                                                                                         AHIC-1<.7
         Oleldrln
                              Carp
              FRL   Misc. states O.fll-O.S*
                                 residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         etal  (1971),
r
         Dleldrln
         Oleldrln
Channel      . FRL   Misc. states  0.01-0.36
catfish                           residue  (SB)
R*dhorse      FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.1?
sucker                           residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                    same  as above
                                                                                         Henderson,et
                                                                                         al  (1971),
                                                                                         »MIC-H.t»7

                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (1971),
         Oleldrln
Gizzard shad  FRL   Misc. states  0.05-0.50
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                        Henderson,et
                                                                                        al
         Dleldrln
                              Sootted
                              sucker
              FRL   Misc. states 0.30 residue
                                 (SB)
                                                                                                  sa«e as above
                                                                                         Henderson,et
                                                                                         al  (1971),
         Oleldrln
Blueqllts     FRL   Misc. states 0.01-0.9;
                                 residua  (SB)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                         Henderson,et
                                                                                         al  (1971),
                                                                                         »MIC-1<»07
         Oleldrln
Redbreast     FRL   Misc. states 0.01 residue
sunfish                          (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  at
                                                                                         (1971),
                                                                                         •MIC-1W07
         Dleldrln
                               Striped
                               mullef
              FRL   Misc. states  0.02-0.39
                                  residue  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al
                                                                                         (19711,
                                                                                         4MIC-1I.07
         Oleldrln
                               Rock  bass
              FRL   Misc.  states  0.07 residue
                                  (SB)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                         Henderson,
                                                                                         et  al (1971),
                                                                                         4MIC-1U07
         Oleldrln
                               Bloater
                                             FRL   Misc.  states O.fl?-0.37
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                                                     Henderson,et

-------
Conoound

Oleldrin
Oleldrin
Oleldrin

Oleldrin
Oleldrin
Dleldrln
Oleldrin
Dleldrln
Dleldrln
Oleldrin
Dleldrln
Organise

Lake
nnltef Isn
Lake trout
White crapole

Blqiiouth
buffalo
SnallHOuth
buffalo
Flathead
catfish
Goldeve
Ha II eve
Sauger
Flannelnouth
sucker
Freshwater
drum
Field
Study

FRL
FRL
FRL

FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
FRL
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Ingredient, Controlled
Location Pp* or Noted Conaents
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.03 residue -- saae as above
(SB)
Nlsc. states 0.02 residue — saae as above
(SB)
Misc. states 0.02-0.27 — saae as above
residue (SB)

Misc. states O.fl*-0.42 ~ saae as above
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.12 residue — - saae as above
(SB)
Nlsc. states 0.03 residue — saae as above
(SB)
Misc. states 0.01-0. OS -- saae as above
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.01-0.03 — saee as above
residue (SB)
Misc. states 0.01 residue ~ saae as above
(SB)
Misc. states 0.01 residue -- saae as above
(SB)
Misc. states 0.0l|. residue — ••»«> >» above
(SB)
Reference
al (1971).
H enters on, et
• 1 I107i>,
AMIC-H.07
Henderson,
etal (1971),
AMIC-H»0T
Henderson,
«t al
»MIC-1«»07
Henderson,
et Hi
(1971),
AMIC-1»07
Henderson, et
el 11171),
AMIC-ll.07
Henderson, et
el (1971),
»Mir-iuo7
Henderson, et
al (1971),
AMIC-1V07
Henderson, et
al (1971),
Henderson,
et al (197U,
AMIC-1W07
Henderson,
et al
(1971),
AMIC-IVOT
Henderson, et
•1 (1971),
AKIC-IU07

-------
          Oleldrln
                     Black         FRL    HIsc.  states 0.01-0.03
                     bullhead                          residue (SB)
                                                                                                   sane as above
Henderson,et
81  (1971),
MIC-11.07 .
          Oleldrln
          Oleldrln
                               White bass    FRL   Misc. states  0.02 residue
                                                                 (SB)
                               Black crapole FRL   Misc. states  0.02-0.36
                                                                 residue  (SB)
                                                                                                   saae as above
                                                                                                   save as above
                                                                                                                            Henderson,
                                                                                                                            et  81(19711,
                                                                                                                            *MIC-1<.07

                                                                                                                            Henderson,et
                                                                                                                            al  (1
-------
Coaioound
Dieldrln
Dleldrln
Dleldrln
Dleldrln
Eleldrla
Dieldrln
Dleldrin
Oleldrln
Dleldrln
Field Field
Organise Study location
Ict&lurua FRLO Iowa
punctatua
Ictlobus FHLO Iowa
cyprlnellus
Cyprinua FRLO Iowa
carpi o
Hicropterus FRLO Iowa
sal no Ides
Carplodea sp HILO Iowa
Pomoxia FRLO Iowa
nlgronaculatua
Pomoxls FRLO Iowa
annular! a
Stlzostedlon FRLO Iowa
vl treuii
Tsox luclus FRLO Iowa
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
0.03H.6
( accumulation,
SB)
0.028-0.614.
(accumulation,
S3)
0.015-0.56
(accumulation,
SB)
0.11-0.08
(accumulation,
SB)
0.313
(accumulation,
SB)
0.012
(accumulation,
SB)
0.059
(accumulation,
S3)
0.01-0.06
(accumulation,
SB)
0.05
(accumulation,
SB)
Expert Mental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Consents
JSdlble fleah of flah collected from
rivers, lakes, ponda, and reservolra
waa analysed. Flab taken in areas
receiving agricultural runoff showed
bigheat accumulation, especially In
bottom feeding flab.
— Sane aa above
— sane aa above
— sane aa above
same as above
same aa above
same aa above
sane as above
-- saee as above
Reference
Horrls, et
al (1971),
AKIC-1US2
Morris, et
al (1971),
AKIC-114.52
Korrla, et
al (1971),
Morris, et
al U971 j.
Korrla et
al 11971),
Korrls, et
al i 1971),
AK1C-1U52
Horrla, et
al (1971;,
AKIC-U*.52
Horrls, et al
tl97t>.
Horrls, »t
et
1*52

-------
           Dleldrin
           Dleldrfn
           Dieldrln
           Dieldrln
Xctalarus     PRLO  low*
•elas
Lepomls       FHLO  Iowa
Bacrochirua
                                Esoz luclus    PRLO  low*
                                Roccua
                                              FRLO  Iowa
             0.098
             (accumulation,
             SB)

             0.01I4.-0.03U
             (accuaulatlon,
             SB)

             0.05
             (accumulation,
             SB)

             0.091-0.175
             (accumulation,
             SB)
                                                                                                   aua  as above
                                                                                                  aaaa  as  above
                                                                                                  MOM as above
                                                                                                  sane as aboTa
                                          Korrls,  et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AMIC-U4.52

                                          Korrls,  et
                                          al  (1971).
                                          AKIC-ll;52

                                          Korrls,  et
                                          •1  (1971).
                                          AHIC-11^2

                                          Morris,  et
                                          al  (1971),
I
          Oleldrln
          01*1drln
          Oleldrln
Anacystis
nidutans
          Oleldrln
          Oleldrln
                               lloatui
                                Leptodlus
                                f I or I (Janus
                                (larvae)
                                              a      ^^
                                             l_      •••»
P»nop*nus
ncrbstll
Clarviif)

Llaneohllus
rhOBblcui
(Iarvael
                                             •      —^
                                             FS
             0.5-1.8 (qrowth a»,c»,r
             Inhibited)      SN
                                                                 0.5-1.0 (groMth e*,c*.r
                                                                 Inhibited)       SH
                                                                 5-10 ppb(K)      ~
                                                                 5-10  DPb  (K)     —
             O.OBZ(Mhole
Creek, Oun   body residue)
County,
Misc.
  Batterton,
etal
                                                                                                      Batterton,
                                                                                                      et  al
                                                                                                      (19711,
        Metabolic products of Al
-------
  Comooun*
                        Organism
Field  Field
Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingr«di«nt,
  Ppm
Exoerlmental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                            Reference
Oleldrln
01 eldrIn
01 eldrIn
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
 Oleldrln
 Oleldrln
 Oleldrln
 Oleldrln
                      Stalls so.     FS
                      (larvae)
                      Gamaarus sir*  FS
                      Salvellnus    FS
                      Iontlnalls
                      Senotllus     FS
                      atromaculatus
                      Cottus balrdl  FS
                      Rhlnlehthys   FS
                      atratulus
                      Salvellnus    FS
                      T ontlnalls
                      Semotllus     FS
                      atromaculatus
                      Cottus balrdl  FS
      Knights
      Creek, Dun
      County.
      Misc.

      Knights
      Creek , Dun
      County.
      MISC.

      Knights
      Creek, Dun
      County,Misc.

      Knights
      Creek, Oun
      County,
      Hlsc.

      Knights
      Creek, Oun
      County,
      Misc.

      Knights
      Creek, Dun
      County,Wise.

      Knights
      Creek, Oun
      County,Misc.

      Knights
      Creek« Oun
      County.
      Wise.

      Knights
      Creek, Oun
0.01T
(nhotebody
residue)
                                                       0.005-0.01!
                                                       (xholebody
                                                       residue)
0.008-0.011.
(uhole body
residua)

0.006-0.013
(whole body
residue)
                                                       0.007-0.017
                                                       (whole body
                                                       residue)
0 (Mholebody
residue)
0.18-0.?6(fat
residue)
0.17-0.3* (tat
residue)
                                                       0.3-0.7
                                                       (fat
                                                       residue*
                                                                                  0-0.005 DDK dleldrln. Fndrln residues ot
                                                                                  0.011-0.0?5 opin and O.OOZ-0.006. DP*
                                                                                  dleldrln were tound In debris samples.'
                                                                                  OesDlte United control data, residue
                                                                                  analyses Indicated that contamination of
                                                                                  the environment studied Has United.

                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                     Moubrv,  et
                                                     al  (H6S),
                                                     tMIC-3751
                                                                     (•oubry, et
                                                                     al  <1"6*).
                                                                     AHIC-37SJ
                                                     Houbry,  «t
                                                     al
                                                     Koubrv, et
                                                     al
                                                     (19SB) .AHIC-
                                                     3751

                                                     Houbry, et
                                                     al (11691,
                                                     4HIC-375J
                                                     Moubry, et
                                                     al (19SA1,
                                                     Moubry, et
                                                     al (1968),
                                                     4MIC-375J

                                                     Noubry, et
                                                     al (1968).
                                                     AMIC-37SJ
                                                                      Moubry. «t
                                                                      al  (1968).

-------
Dleldrin
OlelOVln
                     fthlnlehthys
                     atratulus
                     Leooals
                     cyanel I u*
                                   FS
                    County,
                    Mice.

                    Knights      ( (fat
                    CreeK, Dun   r«sldu«>
                    County.Mlsc.
                                   L     —
                                                      1.106  (K9I
Ololdrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
                     leooals
                     cyan*IIus
                                   L     —
                     cyanelIus
                      Fa Ico         F
                      peregrlnus
                      (eggs)
                    Woctorn
                    o.s..
                    Pacific
                                 $.7 (blood
                                 resIduo)
                                                      10.1 (brain
                                                      recldu*)
                                                       0.11  (roslduc)   —
                                         Haxloo,  and
                                         Antarctic
                                                                                        SOKO as above
                                                                    Tho blood and brains of groon
                                                            sunflsh that dl*d duo to exoosurc to
                                                            Oicldrln were analyzed for this ch«ntcal«
                                                             Survlvlnq »Ish had less Ololdrln In
                                                            blood and brains than dead fish.
                                                            Severity of ooisonlng syaptoas also
                                                            correlated with Oleldrln concentration.
                                                            Extraction efficiency froa blood and
                                                            brains Mas quite good (92-95 percent).

                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                        sa«e as above
                                                                                                                           •NIC-3753
                                                                                  Moubrv, «t
                                                                                  at (1968) i
                                                                                  •HTC-S753

                                                                                  Haqan, et  al
                                                                                  (1971J,
                                                                                  Hoqan,  et al
                                                                                                      Hogan,  et  al

                                                                                                      f H7H.MIIC-
                                                                                                      382".
                                                Hereqrlne falcons, falcon prey,   3is*t>rouo,h(
                                        and other predator species Mere collected et al
                                        Mldely and analyzed for DDT, OOF. PCR.    (1468).
                                        and a feM other pesticides to a lesser    (MIC-3BM
                                        degree.  PCR and OPT Mer* found to be
                                        Mldely dispersed globally.  PC9 MBS found
                                        to be a powerful Inducer of hepatic
                                        enzymes that degrade oestradlol.
                                        Reductions In thickness of egg shells.
                                        eggshell weight, and Hater retention
                                        occurred.  All affect hatching success.
                                        Tho authors state that the peregrine aay
                                        bo the first species entlrpated by global
                                        contamination.
Olaldrln
•quit a
chrysaetos
(eggs)
Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean.
Panana,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
0.00*7
(residua)
                                                                                        sane  as  above
Risebrough,
et al
                                                                                                                           AMIC-38«.<.

-------
ro
Conoound
Olelarlr.






Dletdrin






Oleldrln






Orqanisn
Fa Ice
peregrlnus
denature)




Falco
pcreqrlnus
(adult)




Falco
pereqrlnus
(adult)




Field Field
Study Location
F Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Hexlco,and
Antarctic
F Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Hexico.and
Antarctic
F Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Parian a.
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppn or Noted Comments
0.07-1.6 (Tat -- sane as above
residue)





0.31-3.7 (flesh — sane as above
residue)





O.I.1.-62.5 (fat — sane as above
residue)





Ref erence
Rlsehrouqn,
et al
(196S),
AMIC-38H



Rlsefcrou^n,
et at
(1968),
AHIC-3»«t<.



Rise&rouqh,
et al
(1968).
ANIC-36i.il



           01 el dr In
            Olcldrln
            Oleldrln
            Oleldrln
                                Endonychura

                                 craverl
                                 (eqqs)
                                 Petecanus
                                 occidental Is
                                 (eqgs)
Sula
leucoqaster
leqqs)
                                 Fa I CO
Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico,and
Antarctic

Western
U.S..
Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico,  and
Antarctic

Western
U.S.,
Pacific
Ooean,
Panama,
Mexico,  and
Antarctic

Western
                                                                  O.Ot  (residue)   —
                                                                                                    same  as above
                                 0.06-0.16
                                 (residue)
O.Od-0.18
(residue)
                                                                                                    sane as above
                                                                                                    sane  as  above
                                                                                                      Rlsebrouqh,
                                                                                                       et  il
                                                                                                    sale  as  above
                                                                                                                                        AHIC-3M.I*
                                                                     Rlsebrough,
                                                                     et al
                                                                     (196SI,
                                                                     AMIC-38I.^
Rlsebrouqh,
et al
(!<»**),
tMTC-38l»l>
                                                                                                                                        Rlscbrough,

-------
                             peregrlnus
                             (Immature)
        Oleldrln
>      Oleldrln
        Oleldrln
        Oleldrln
                    U.S..
                    Pacific
                    Ocean ,
                    Panama.Mexlc
                    o. and
                    Antarctic
              (flesh
              residue)
                             Chlamydotheca BSCH  —
                             arcuata       and
Chlamydotheca a Hh)
                                                              0.021.5 (Tl)
0.00001-0.001
(1.9-126 ppb
residue 33-*8
HK)

0.39 (A3
oercentKZ)
                                                                      et  al
                                                                      (1968)
                                                                      381.".
                                                                     KaHatskl.  et
                                                                     al  (14711.
                                                                     *NIC-550S
                                                The organisms «er» exposed  to
                                        O.ni and O.J  oob  of  the toxicants  for
                                        Hecks after which  time the amounts
                                        each tueeK H*»re  Increased  ten-fold  over
                                        the Initial amounts.  Ulothrlx occurred
                                        spontaneously  In  the test tanks.   The
                                        results shOH  that  chronic accumulations
                                        In Chiamyrtotheca  exceeded levels which
                                        were toxic In acute  tests.  Residues In
                                        Chtanydotheca ranged fro* 12.000 to
                                        260.000 tines greater than the
                                        theoretical concentrations in the  Materi
                                        those in Ulothrlx  Mere 7^^-3,000 tlaes
                                        exposure levels.

                                               same as  above
                                                                                                save as above
        The response of                   Naavl. et al-
pesticide-resistant aquatic organises to  (1969).
various pesticides was compared  to  the    «HIC-5979
resoonse of non-resistant species.
Pesticide-resistant species Here
collected at Relzonl and non-resistant
species at State College.  Copepods.
clams, snails, and sludge worms  from
Belzonl Here considerably more tolerant
to Pesticides  than  the non-resistant
organisms.  The  authors  note  that  the
effect  of Increased  tolerance in the
organisms Is  an  Increase in the  aaount of
pesticide residues  available  to  animals
of higher trophic  levels.
                                                                                  KanatsVcI, et
                                                                                  al(l«7l),
                                                                                  «MIC-550(>

                                                                                  KawatsKl, at
                                                                                  a I  (19711,

-------
Compound
•Oleldrln


Oleldrln


Oleldrin


Oleldrln











Oieldrln










Oleldrln


Organise
Tublfex
tublfex

Pnysa qyrlna


Physa qyrlna


Copepo«1s
(Cyclops
bicusoldus.
Cvclons
varicans.
Cyclop-;
vernal I«s,
Eucyctoos
sgllls.
albMus,
Orthoeyel ops
•odes tut)
Coo»po
B5A AHIC-5979









FL Belzonl, 0.40 (39 -- saae as above Naavl, et
and Hiss percent K2> al(1969),
BSA *t1IC-5979








L — ».&<» (T2) — The effect of 52 pesticides on Davis, et a
embryonic development of clams and
oysters t»as reported. Synerqlstlc (1969), AMIC
effects Hitn solvents Here also reported.
 Most of the compounds affected
develornent «ore than survival.  Soae,
however, drastically reduced larval
qroxth.  The authors point out the
necessity of evaluating the effects of
pesticides on all life stages of an
organise and not* the possibility of
                                          5990

-------
Dleldrln
Dleldrln
Oleldrln
Dleldrln
Oleldrln
Dleldrln
Oleldrln
Oleldrln
                      CP assostrea
                      vlrqinlca
                      (larvae)
Ganbusla
•f finis
(foal*.
cut 1.9

                                    8SA
                                  greater  than
                                  10.0
                                                       0.031 ITI>)
                               *.3
                                    BSA
                                   BSA
                      Lehlst«
                      reticulatus
                      (male,  l.a
                      cm, 0.7 g)
                     TMaoia
                     •ossanblea
                     (3.1. cm, 1.3
                     9>
Kuhlla        BSA
sandvlcensls
(«».3 cm, 1.9
9>

Stolephorus   BSA
purpurea 13.6
cm, 0.* g>

Agonus        BSA
cataohractus
                                                       0.007 (Tl>)
                                                       0.010 (T«.l
                                                       0.002 (T<>)
O.D05 (T 12
HR)
                                                       3.3  IT2)
                     Carelnus
                                   BSA   —
                                                       0.01-0.03  (TZ>
                                                                                  selecting ehcmlcats for pest control that
                                                                                  Mould not have serious effect on
                                                                                  shellfish.

                                                                                         same as above
                                                                      Davis,  etal
                                                                      (1969),
                a,c,d,e.           The  five  fish  species  are
                •ff»l»     commonly  found  In streams and  estuaries    al  (1970).
                (Honolulu  In seml-troolcal  areas.  C.  affinis  Has
                tap        the most  tolerant.  Varied sensitivity to
                wator)     the toxicants Mere  found.  K.
                           sandvicensls Mas  the most sensitive  fish
                           studied.  The standard method  procedure
                           Has folloned.
                                                                                                                                      et
                a,c,d,
                e.JT.i.
                (Honolulu
                tap
                water]

                a,c,d,

                (Honolulu
                tap
                water)
                a.Cid.e,ft
                l.salt
                Hater
a>c,d,e,f ,
1, salt
Hater

a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same as above
                                                 a«( contin-
                                                 uous aer-
                                                 ation, sea-
                                                 water, and
                                                 daily
                                   One hundred-forty surface active
                           agentst solvent enulsIfters« oestlctdeSt
                           polychtorlnated blohenyls, pure
                           Inorqanlc* and organic chenicals Mere
                           evaluated against as  many as ten irarlne
                           organisms.  The authors noted that most
                           published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshHater
                           organisms.

                                  same as above
                                                                                                       NunoaiHa,  et
                                                                                                       al  (1970),
                                                                                                       AHTC-SSS7
                                                                                                       NunooaMS,  et
                                                                                                       al  (1970).
                                                                                                       ANIC-6567
                                                                                                                            Nunoqanai et
                                                                                                                            al (1979),
                                                                                                                            AHIC-65&7
Nunogawa, et
al (1970).
AXIC-6567

Portrann, et
al (1971),
»«C-7701
                                                     Portmann, et
                                                     al  (1971),
                                                     AHIC-7701

-------
  CoHOound
            Field  Field
Organism    Study Location
Toxiclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Ppm
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal )
Oleldrln
                      Cardlum edule BS»    •—
                                                       areater  than
                                                                       a*(contin-
                                                                       uoug aer-
                                                                       ation,  sea-
                                                                       vator,  and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal )
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                                    Portfann, «t
                                                                                                    al  11971),
                                                                                                    •HIC-7701
Oleldrln
                      Crangon
                      eranqon
                                    BS»
                                                       0.01-0.03  (T?)
                                               •«(contin-
                                               uous aer-
                                               ation,  sea-
                                               wator,  and
                                               daily
                                               solution
                                               renewal)
                                                                                         same  as  above
                                                                     Portmann,  et
                                                                     al  (1971),
                                                                     4HIC-7701
Oleldrln
                      Freshwater
                      drum
                                   FL
 Oleldrln
                      Aleutf*
                                   FL
                  Great Lakes
                  (Ontario,
                  Huron,
                  Erie,
                  Superior,
                  Michigan)
D.0<» (whole
body residue)
                  Or eat Lakes-  0.09-0.97
                  (Ontario,    (Hhote body
                  Huron,       residue)
                  Erie,
                  Superior,
                                          dupanor,
                                          Michigan)
                   Fish  from  Lahe  Mlchlqan  contained Pelnert
           2  to  7  times  more  DOT  (and  DDT analogs)    (1970),AHIC-
           and (Heldrln  residues  than  fish  from the   196
           other Great Lakes.  Fish  from Lake
           Suoerlor Invariably had the lowest
           accumulations of both  chemicals. The
           compounds tended to concentrate  In  fat
           (oils).   Considerable  additional data are
           presented.  The author noted the need to
           reduce  pesticide usage to a minimum and
           to replace  these Insecticides Mlth  less
           persistent  materials.
                                                                                        same  as  above
                                                                                                                            Reinert
                                                                                                                            <1970>,»tIC-
                                                                                                                            196
 Oleldrln
                      American
                      smelt
                                   FL
                  Great Lakea
                  (Ontario,
o.oz-o.io
(MhoI* body
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                     Relnerr
                                                     (1970),

-------
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                 residue)
                                                                                                      196
         Oleldrln
Bloater       FL    Great Lakes  D.03-1.07
                    (Ontario,    (whole body
                    Huron,       residue)
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                                                    Relnert
                                                                                                                                    (1970),»NIC-
                                                                                                                                    196
         Oleldrln
r
ro
Broxn         FL    Great Lakes  0.00 (Hholebody
bullhead            (Ontario,    residue)
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                                                                                                 San* as above
                                                                                                                                    Relnert
                                                                                                                                    (1970).AMIC-
                                                                                                                                    196
                                                   OUpfJX*J.OZ*e
                                                   Michigan)
         Oleldrln
                              Channel       FL    Great Lakes  0.07  (whole
                              catfish             (Ontario,    body residue)
                                                  Huron,
                                                  Erie,
                                                  Superior,
                                                  Michigan)
                                                                                                 same  as above
                                                                                                      Relnert
                                                                                                      (1970),»MIC-
                                                                                                      196
         Oleldrln
                              Coho salnon
                              (flesh)
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Erie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
O.OKxhole body
residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
Reinert
(1970),»HIC-
196
         Oleldrln
                              Coho salnen
                              (eqqs)
                                            FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
0.0<» (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
Reinert
(1970),AMIC-
196

-------
  COHDOUIV)
            Field  Field
Organise    Study Location
                                                      Toxiclty,
                                                      Active
                                                      Ingredient,
                                                        Pom
                             Exoerlmental
                             Variables,
                             Control led
                             or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
                                         Huron,
                                         Erie*
                                         Superior,
                                         Michigan)
Oleldrln
                     Gizzard shad  FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
                                                      o.o<»-o.09
                                                      (whole body
                                                      residue)
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                                   Reinert
                                                                                                   (1970),
                                                                                                   196
Oleldrin
                     Klyl
            FL     Great Lakes  0.28  (whole
                  (Ontario,    body  residue)
                  Huron,
                  Erie,
                  Superior,
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                                                           Reinert
                                                                                                                           (1970),»HIC-
                                                                                                                           196
                                         dupanoz",
                                         Michigan)
Oleldrin
                     Lake herring  FL
                  Great Lakes  0.02-0.07
                  (Ontario,    (whole body
                  Huron,       residue)
                  Erie, .
                  Superior,
                  Michigan)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                  11970),»WIC-
                                                                                  1S6
Oleldrin
                     Lake trout
                                   FL
                  Great Lakes
                  (Ontario,
                  Huron,
                  Erie,
                  Superior.
                  Michigan)
                                                      0.05-1.13
                                                      (whole body
                                                      residue)
                                                                                        same as above
                                                                                  Reinert
                                                                                  (1970),«HIC-
                                                                                  196

-------
          Oleldrln
Lake          Ft    Great Lakes  O.oz-o.W
whltetlsh           (Ontario,    (Hhott body
                    Huron,       residue)
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  11970),*MIC-
                                                                                  196
          Dleldrln
Rock bass     FL    Great Lakes  o.oz (whole
                    (Ontario,    body residual
                    Huron,
                    Brie.
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                                  Relnert
                                                                                  (1970),AMIC-
                                                                                  196
r
10
8
          Dleldrln
Round
whiterIsh
                                             FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Erie,
Superior,
Michigan)
0.03 (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                  saae as above
Relnert
t!970»,»HIC-
196
          Dleldrln
                               Sea tanprey
                                             FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
             0.02 (whole
             body residue)
                                                                                                  saae as above
                                                                     Reinert
                                                                     .At1IC-
                                                                     196
          Oletdrln
                               SI lay sculaln FL
                    Great Lakes
                    (Ontario,
                    Huron,
                    Brie,
                    Superior,
                    Michigan)
             0.0* (whole
             body residue)
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                     Relnert
                                                                     (1970),»MIC-
                                                                     196
          Dleldrln
Nlne-splned
stickleback
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
O.OZlHhole body
residue!
                                                                                                  saae as above
Relnert
(1970),AHIC-

-------
Compound

Field Field
Orqinls* Study Location
Huron,
Brie,
Superior.
Michigan)
Toxlelty.
Active
Ingredient,
PD»

Exoerlnental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments

Reference
196
         Oieldrln
f
g
                               ualley*        FL     Great Lakes  0.08-0.13
                                                   (Ontario,    (whole body
                                                   Huron,       residue)
                                                   Erie,
                                                   Superior,
                                                   Michigan)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                 Relnert
                                                                                 (1970),»MIC-
                                                                                 196
          Oieldrln
                              ~MtrtT«  bass    FL     Great Lakes  O.Oit-0.10
                                                   (Ontario,     (whole body
                                                   Huron,       residua)
                                                   Brie,
                                                   Superior.
                                                   Michigan)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                                 Relnert
                                                                                 (19701,AMIC-
                                                                                 196
          Oieldrln
                               White perch   FL
Great Lakea
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior.
Michigan)
0.10 (whole
body residue)
                                                                                                 save as above
Relnert
(19TO),*nIC-
19*
          Oieldrln
                               White sucker  FL
Great Lakes
(Ontario,
Huron,
Brie,
Superior.
Michigan)
                                                                0.02  (whole
                                                                body  residue)
                                                                                                 sane as above
                                                                    Relnert
                                                                    (1970),»MIC-
                                                                    196

-------
Oletdrln
Vet I OH perch  FL
      Michigan!

      Greet Lakes
      (Lake
      Ontario,
      LaKeHuron,
      LakeErle.
      Lake
      Superior,
      Lake
      Michigan)
0.03-0.07
(Hhole body
residua)
Dleldrln
Wolffla
papullfera.
Olethyl-OL-tartarate Plnephales    8S»   —
                     proaelas
Olethyl fumarate



Olethvl fumarate


Olethyl aaleate



Olethyl succlnate


Olfolatan
Pimephales
proar I as
Plaephales
proaelas

Plmephales
proaelas
Plmephales
proaelas
Dlfolatan
                                                      100 (K)
                                                      650.0  CTI.)
                                   Hunter's
                                   medium
                                   diluted
                                   1:5
                                                 a*,d,e,o,
                                                 and Fe
                                   BS»   —
              8CFA
BSA
              BSA
                     Brachydanlo   L
                     rerlo
                     (larvae)
"..5



Z.S (Til.)


18.0 (Ti>)



1VO.O (Td)


1.0 (T 30 aln)
                                   and Fe
                                   and F«
                                   and Fe
                                   a*,d.«,o.
                                   •nd Fe
Rasbora       8CF»
hetereaerpha  and
              BSA
                                                      0.032 (Tl)
                                                                      a'.c.e.f,
                                                                      hard (HH>
                                                                      or
                                                                      SOFT(SH)
                                                                      synthetic
                                                                      dilution
                                                                                        saae as above
                                          Relnert
                                          tt970)t*HIC-
                                          196
         All compounds were harmful to    tforthley, et
duckweed to sone degroe.  Decreased       al (1971),
populations were noted at non-lethal      AKIC-3233
concentrations and some compounds
(Malathlon and 2,li-D) caused teratogenlc
effects at concentrations as low as 1 ppm,
        Malathlon and Its hydrolysis      Mender
products Here evaluated with the finding  (19.69) ,AHIC-
that one such product (diethyl fuaarete)  3787
Mas more toxic than Malathlon to fathead
•Innows.  Synrrqlsm occurred between
Malathlon and two products of hydrolysis.
 Continuous exposure resulted In
Increased toxiclty.

       sane as above                      Render
                                          (1969),*MIC-
                                          3/8T

       sane as above                      Bender (19*>9),
                                                             above
                                                                   sax* as abov»
                                          Bender
                                          (14I>9)
                                          3787
                                          Bender(iq«q)
                                          *HIC-37«7
                                                                    Folpet, OHolatan, and Captan     Abedi. et
                                                            Mere found  to be  toxic to zebraflsh       altl'Jf.B).
                                                            larvae xithln 90  nln.  Dlfolatan Mas aost AHIC-3717
                                                            toxic while Raptan was least  toxic.
                                                            Effects observed  Here cessation of
                                                            heartbeat and loss of plqment at Ion.  The
                                                            authors recommended this as a sensitive,
                                                            raolr) bloassay for these and  related
                                                            coapounds.
                                   One hundred sixty-four
                           pesticides, wetting agents, and
                           alscel laneous Hater pollutants showed a
                           Hide ranqe of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
                           of aagnltude.  Knowing the toxlcity and
                           percentage of all components of a
                                                                                        Alabaster
                                                                                        (19S3),
                                                                      Hater, or  formulation did not result  In easy

-------
  Coaoound
                        Organise
Flald  Field
Study Loot Ion
                                                      Toxlclty,
                                                      Active
                                                      Ingredient,
                                                        Pp«
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
Olfolatan
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteromorpha  and
                                   BS«
                                                      0.017 CT2)
Oloanln
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     n«feromorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                                      3.3 (T2)
Dlmecron
                     Puntlus tleto —
                                                      0.1.1  (TV)
Olaethoate
                     Fish  (not
                     specified)
                   greater than
                   10-100 
-------
OlawTheat*
                      Sal mo
                      galrdnerl
              dCF*
              and
              BSA
                                                       9 I TZI
Olm*thoate
                      Carclnus
                      aaenas
                                   BSA    —
                                 greater  Than
                                 3.3  CTZI
OlMthoat*
                      Car ill urn edule BS*    —
                                                       H.3 (TZI
*«,C,e,f,
hard (HW)
or soft
(StfJ
thatle
water, or
•••water
for aomo
•pacles
a«(centln-
uoua cer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                  a«(contin-
                                                  uous aer-
                                                  ation, sea-
                                                  water, and
                                                  dally
                                                  solution
                                                  renewal)
        One hundred sixty-four             Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and            (1969),
miscellaneous water pollutants showed  a    ANIC-^*?5
wide range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
of mannltude.  Knowing the toxlclty  and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty ot a
mixture of materials.  Sometines
pesticides were most toxic In hard water
and sometimes the opposite was true.
Testing The actual material as sold  was
found to be essential.

        One hundred-forty surface active   Portmann,
agents, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,   81(1971),
polychlorlnated blphenyls, nure            ANIC-7701
Inorganic, and organic chenlcals were
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms.  The authors noted that most
published data ot This type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals To freshwater
organisms.

       same as above
                                                                                                                            Portmann, «
                                                                                                                            al (1071),
                                                                                                                            ANIC-7701
OlMthoaTe
                     Crangon
                     crmngon
                                   BSA    —
                                 0.0003-D.
                                 (TZI
                                                                001
««(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         saae as above
                                          Portaann, et
                                          al (1971),
                                          AN.IC-7701
OlMtttoate
Panda I us
aontaqul
                                   BSA    —
                                                       greater Than
                                                       0.03 (TZI
a»( contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
                                          PorTmann,
                                          etal (19711,
                                          AH1C-7701

-------
ro
Toxiclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Compound Organism Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
Dlmethy lailne Crangon BSA —
crangon
greater than a*(cor.tln-
100 (T2I uous aer-
Cne hundred-forty surface active
aqents, solvent emulslfiers, pesticides.
at ion, aea-ool ychlorinated blphenyls, pure





Olnethylphosphorodlt PImephales BSA
hole acid oromelas






Dloethy 1 phosohorodlt Plmephales BCFA --
hole acid oromelas

OlmethylohosDhorothl Plmephales BSA
onic acid prooelas

Dimethyl formamlde Cranqon BSA —
crangon
water, and
«4n 4 1 XT
OAixy
solution
renewal)


23.5 (Ti») a*,d,e,o,
and Fe






21.0 (Tli>) a»,d,o,o.
and Fe

«»2.5 (T4) a»,d,e,o.
and Fe

greater than a»(contin-
100 (T2> uous aer-
inorganic, and organic chevicals were
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxlcity of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Malathion and its hydrolysis
products were evaluated with the finding
that one such product (dlethyl fumarate)
was more toxic than Malathion to fathead
minnows. Synergism occurred between
Malathion and txo products of hydrolysis.
Continuous exposure resulted in
Increased toxlcity.
same as above


same as above


One hundred-forty surface active
agents, solvent emulslfiers, pesticides.
ation, sea-ool ych lorlnitcrt blohenyls, Dure






water, and
daily
solution
renewal)


Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
evaluated against ns many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most
published data of this type deal with
toxicity of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Reference
Portmsnn, «t
al (1971),
AMIC-77D1





Pender
(1959) ,
AMIC-37B7





Bender
(1969) ,
&MIC-3787
Render
(1969),
AHIC-3787
Portmann,et
al (1971),
AMTC-7701






          OlMthyl phosohate
                               Plmephales
                               prone I as
                                             BSA
                                                                11.0 (T<>)
a*,d,e,o,
and Fe
        Halathlon and Its hydrolysis
products were evaluated with the finding
that one such product (dlethyl funarate)
was more toxic than Malathion to fathead
minnows.  Svnerglsm occurred between
Malathion and two products of hydrolysis.
 Continuous exposure resulted In
Increased toxlcity.
8ender(1969>,
AHIC-37ST

-------
         01•*thy I ohosohlte
                              Plmephales
                              croneI as
         Dimethyl             Phormldlum
         ?»J.6-tefrachlorot«r aiblguum
         eohth«t*te
                                            BSA
                                            L     —
                                                                235.0  «T«.)
                                 o.5-in.o
                                 (33p»rcent
                                 growth
                                 Inhibited l
                                                                                and  F«
to
         Dlmlt*
                              Tublfex
                              tublfex
              Ft
              and
              8SA
Belzonlt
Hiss.
                                                                0.90  (NT?)
         OInltrobutyl phenol
                              Ganmarus
                              fasclatus
                                            BSA
                                                               1.8  (T*>
         Olnltroohenylether
Phorcldlum
amblquu*
                                            L     —
             0.9-10.0 (66
             percent growth
             Inhibited 1I>1
                                                                                                  same as above
        Of 7i»  chemicals  evaluated  as
alqlcldest only  9  Here more  toxic  than
CuSO<«.  None  inhibited qrowth of
mat-forming algae  lor more than 2  weeKs.
CuSO*»  formulated with certain Hettinq
agents was more  toxic than CuSDi. alone.
Cooner chloramlne  was also found to be
more toxic thar  CuSO^.   No wettlnn aqents
Here found to  be inhibitory  at trie
concentrations Investigated  (P»05  and
0.005  Bom).   Also  reoorted are factors
affecting qroith of alqae in canals to
determine Mhether  there  were leads to
controlling »ln»p  by environmental
managetrent.   No  practical environmental
means  were found.

        The response of
pesticide-resistant ^nuatic  organist's to
various pesticides vos comoared to the
re^non^e of non-re<:I*; tant species.
Pesticide-resistant species  xere
collected at  Oelzonl and non-resistant
species at State College.  Copepods<
CMmst snallSt and sludqe Morms Irom
Belronl Mere  considerably more tolerant
to oesticldes  than the non-resistant
orqanisms.  The  authors  note that  the
effect of Increased tolerance in the
organisms Is  an  Increase in  the amount of
pesticide residues available to animals
of higher trophic  levels.

        Of the aquatic Heed  herbicides
evaluated. Dlclone xas the most toxic,
Oaohnla Mas generally the most sensitive
orqanlsm.  All of  the Crustacea Mere
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than Indicated by
the TL sub SO  values.  All of the  animals
represent important food chain links.

        Of 7<>  chemicals  evaluated  as
alqlcidest only  9  Here more  toxic  than
CuSO"..  None  Inhibited gronth of
mat-forming algae  for more than ?  MeeKs.
CuSOit  formulated with certain netting
agents MBS more  toxic than CuSO". alone.
Copoer chloraolne  was also found to be
                                                                                   B«nder(1969><
                                                                                   AHIC-V8T

                                                                                   Otto  11970).
                                                                                   &MTOS92
Naavl, et
at USf>t),
AHIC-5979
                                                                                                      Sanders
                                                                                                      11978),
Otto (1978) i
AHIC-89Z

-------
          Compound
                                Organism-
                                            Field  Field
                                            Study Location
Toxiclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  f»r>«
Fxoerlmental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted
                                                                                                          Comments
                                                     Reference
                                                                                          •ore  toxic  than CuSOfc.   No  wetting  agents
                                                                                          •ere  found  to  be Inhibitory at  the
                                                                                          concentrations Investigated (0.05 and
                                                                                          0.005  com).  Also reported  are  factors
                                                                                          affecting arowth of  a Icae  In ctnals to
                                                                                          determine whether th«re  were leads  to
                                                                                          controlling  algae by environmental
                                                                                          Management.  No practical environmental
                                                                                          means  were  found.
3-
        Olnocao
         OInoevo
                              Fish  (not
                              seed fled)
                              R»shor»        RCFA
                              heteromorpha   and
                                            RSA
greater than
0.01-0.1 (K>
                                                               0.11  ITZt
         Olnocao
                              Rasbora        BCFA
                              heteromorpha   and
                                            BSA
                                                               0.07  (TZJ
                »•»«»•.t,
                hard (HW)
                or «oft
                (WJ «yn-
                tbatle
                uatar, or
                •eavater
                Tor aoma
                •paola*
                «»,c.e,.
                hard (HW)
                or soft
                {») syn-
                thetic
                dilution
                watar, or
                ••awater
                for some
                •paclaa
                   Anproxiniit* toxlcltles of         Hawdeslev-
           nuwerous pesticides connonly used In      Tnonas
           Britain wpre summsr 1 i»
-------
Olphen»id
Olphenaaid
Olohenavld
                      Gaimarirs
                      fasclatus
                                    BSA    —
                     Paleomontes   8S»
                     KadlaKensls
                      Asellus       BSA
                      brevlcaudus
                    greater  than
                    100.0  (T2t
                                                       98.0  (T2)
                    greater  than
                    100.0  (T?)
                   Of  the  aquatic  H«*d herbicides
           evaluatedt  Olelone  «as  the most  toxlcf
           Daohnla Has generally the most sensitive
           orqanlsn.   All  or  the Crustacea  xere
           affected by much  lower  concentration
           levels of herbicides than Indicated by
           the TL sub  SO values.   All of the  animals
           represent Important food chain linHs.

                  sane as  above
                                                                                         sane as above
Sanders
(1970).
AHIC-WS
                                                     Sanders
                                                     11970) «
                                                     ANIC-
                                                       80.0  (TZ)
                                                       1.0  (Tll>)
                                                                       a»
                                                                                         sa*e  as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                     San-lers
                                                     (Iflroi.
                                                     (.55

                                                     Sanders
                                                                                                                           Sanders
                                                                                         AHIC-l.53

                                                                                         Sanders
                                                                                         (J<)70) ,
                                                                                         A'HC-'.SJ
                                                      70 CTZJ
~                 The effect of 52 pesticides on    Davis* et at
           embryonic development of clans and
           oysters Has reported.  Synerqistlc        C1969).AMIC-
           effects Hlth solvents Mere also reported. 5990
            Most of the compounds affected
           develocment more than survival.  So«e,
           hOMevPrv drastically reduced  larval
           qronth.  The authors point out the
           necessity of evaluating the effects of
           pesticides on all life staqes of an
           orqanlsn and note the possibility of
           selecting chemicals  for oest control that
           Mould not have serious effect on
           shell fish.

a*tc
-------
>
I
Toxlcity, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Compound Organism Study Location Pom or Noted Comments Reference
SOFTCSWJ
synthetic
dilution
Hater, or
seanater
for some
species



Olouat Caltibactls BSA — 16.* (T») •*•&»»«»*,
SP. {nymoh, 1,1, and
9-12 mm) silica,
calcium.
magnesium,
sodium.
potassium.
bicarbon-
ate,
carbonate,
sulfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids.
conduc-
tance
Dlouat Ena Magma so. BSA — greater than a»,b»,C,f,
(naiad. 16-2* 100 IT*) 1,1, «"»
mm) silica.
calcium,
magnesium.
sodium.
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate.
carbonate.
solfate,
iron,
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Hide range of toxlcity spanning 12 orders
of magnitude. KnoHlnq the toxlcity and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlcity of a
mixture of materials. Sometimes
pesticides Here most toxic in hard Rater
and sometimes the oooosite Has true.
Testing the actual material as sold Has
found to be essential.
The toxlcity of herbicides Olquat Wilson, et
and Oichlobenll to aquatic Invertebrates al f 19%9> ,
and fish Has determined In aquaria AHTC— SV5?
containing substrates natural to each
soecies. 01 qua I Has quite toxic to H.
az«teca but not as toxic to other
organisms. Dlchlohenil Has less toxic to
H. azrtecus but considerably more toxic
to the remaining organism than Oiauat
Hud lessened the toxicltv of both, but
more so for Diquat. Oichlobenll had a
sublethal narcotizing effect on the
organisms that resulted In
Immobilization. It Has concluded that
both herbicides could adversely affect
certain fish food organisms.
same as above Wilson, et
al (1969),
AMIC-SfcS?














-------
           Olouat
                     Hyal«l 1»
                     azteea
                     (adult, <»-8
                                              8S»    —
                                                                  o.os m>
                                                  a*,b*,c,f,
                                                  1,1, and
                                                  silica,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  magnesium,
                                                  sodium,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  blcarbon-
                                                  ate.
                                                  carbonate,
                                                  sulfate,
                                                  iron,
                                                  dissolved
                                                  solids,
                                                  conduc-
                                                  tance
                                                                                                     saae as above
                                                                      Wilson, et
                                                                      at (19691.
                                                                      • MIC-5W2
I
Otouat
Libellula sp. BSA
(naiad, 16-?".
greater than
100 (Tl»t
a«.b»,c,f,
1,1, and
silica,
calcium,
magnesium,
•odium,
potassium,
bicarbon-
ate.
carbonate,
sulfate.
Iron.
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
                                                                                          sane as above
Wilson, et
at (19691.
           Olouat
                      LleneoMlus
                      so.  (larva.
                      1S-70 ••)
                                               as*   —
                                                                   33  (TV)
                                                  «*,b«,c,f,
                                                  1,1, and
                                                  silica,
                                                  calcium,
                                                  magnesium,
                                                  sodium,
                                                  potassium,
                                                  bicarbon-
                                                  ate,
                                                  carbonate,
                                                  sulfate,
                                                  iron,
                                                                                                     sane as above
                                                                       Wilson,  et
                                                                       al  (1969).
                                                                       AMIC-51.5?

-------
Toxlelty,
Active
Field Field Ingredient.
Compound Organise Study Location Ppn

Experimental
Variables.
Controlled
or Noted Consents
dissolved
solids,
conduc-
tance
Reference

Olouat
Tendluedldae  BSA   —
(larvae. 7-10
                                                      greater  than
                                                      100  (T4»>
                             a*,b»,c,f,
                             1,1, and
                             silica,
                             calcium,
                             magnesium,
                             sodium,
                             potassium,
                             bicarbon-
                             ate,
                             carbonate,
                             sulfate.
                             Iron,
                             dissolved
                             solids,
                             conduc-
                             tance
                                                                                        same  as  above
Wilson,et al
(19491,
Oiquat
Oiouat
                     Roccus        BSA   —
                     saxatitls
                     (fIngerlInqs)
                     Hya arenaria  f     Nomlnl
                                         CreeK, Va.
                                                      80
                                                      0.35  (SB)
                             a«,c,d,e,          Striped bass f Inqerl Inqs Here     Wellborn
                             f,p, and   aooarently nuch more sensitive to         (1969).
                             Iron       therapeutic and herblcldal compounds than AMIC-5723
                                        many freshwater fish.
                                                Consistent absence of Diauat  In   Haven
                                        edible Parts of clans and oysters Mas     11959) ,
                                        recorded.  Residues In Intequnent of clam S97g
                                        siphons MBS believed to be due to soil
                                        particles trapped In folds of tissue.  No
                                        Dlauat Mas found in water due probably to
                                        rapid adsorption by silt and bottom mud.
                                        Residues persisted for nearly one year In
                                        bottom mud.
Olouat
                     Crassostrea
                     vlrglnlca
Nonlnl
Creek. Va.
                                                      O.J5  (SB)
                                                                                        same  as  above
Haven
(1969).AHIC-

-------
         Olouat
         DIguat
                              Myrloohlllum
                              splcatu*
No«lnl
Creek, Va.
0.35 (1.0-70
percent K36)
same as above
                              Card turn «dule BS»    —
             greater than 10 a«(contin-         One hundred-forty surface  active
             IT?)            uous aer-  agents, solvent emulsl'lers, pesticides,
                             atlon, ssa-polychlorlnated blohenyls, pure
                             water, and inorganic, and organic eheirlcals were
                             dally      evaluated against as many as ten marine
                             solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                             renewal)   published data of this type deal with
                                        toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                                        organisms.
         Olouat
                              Crangon
                              crangon
                                            BS»   —
f
e
             greater than 10 a«(eontin-
                             uous aer-
                             ation, sea-
                             water, and
                             daily
                             solution
                             renewal]
         Olsoersol SO
                              Aqonus
                              cataohractus
                                            8S»   ~
                                                                100-330  (TV)
                             a«(contin-
                             uous aer-
                             ation, sea-
                             water, and
                             daily
                             solution
                             renewal)
                                                                                                  sa»e as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                   Haven
                                   (I«f69» .
                                   AMIC-5978

                                   Portnann, et
                                   al
                                                                     Portwann, et
                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                     AMIC-7701
                                                                     Portnann. et
                                                                     al 11971),
                                                                     AH1C-7701
         Dispersal SO
                              Crangon
                              erangon
                                            BS»   —
             3300-10(000
             ITZ)
                a*tcontin-
                uous aer-
                ation,  sea-
                water,  and
                dally
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                   Portnann, et
                                   al (1971),
         Olsulfoton
         Oluron
                              Fish Inot
                              sptclf1*4>
                              Hercenarla
                              •ercenarla
             greater than
             1.0-10.0 IK)
                                                               2.5  (TZ)
                                   Approximate toxlcltles of         Haiidesley-
                           nu«i>rous pesticides commonly used In      Thomas(1971l
                           Britalr Mere summarized. An excellent     AMTC-I056
                           brief,  general discussion of toxlclty
                           testing Is also present.

                                   The effect of 52 pesticides on    Oavls, et al
                           embryonic development of clams and
                           oysters Has reported.  Synerglstlc        11969),AHIC-
                           effects with solvents Mere also reported. 5990
                            Host of the compounds affected

-------
  Compound
                       Organism
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
                                 Toxlclty.
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient,
                                   Ppm
                Experimental
                Variables,
                Control led
                or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
Oluren
Oluron
Mercenerla
•ercenarla
(larvae)

Cammarus
fasclatus

                                   BSA
                                                      greater than
                                                      9.0 IT12)
                                                      0.70 «T<»>
01-lsobutyl
ohenoxyethoxyethyl
dimethyl benzyl
aaeonlu* chloride
Phormldlum
emb i guum
0.5-10.0 (16
percent growth
inhibited l«t)
OI-ft-butyl tin oxide Creoidostomua L
                     terlonls
                                 150 {oral dose, ~
                                 Kl)
                                                                                 development more than survival.  Some,
                                                                                 however, drastically reduced larval
                                                                                 growth.  The authors point out the
                                                                                 necessity of evaluating the effects  of
                                                                                 pesticides on all life stages of an
                                                                                 organism and note the possibility of
                                                                                 selecting chemicals for pest control that
                                                                                 would not have serious effect on
                                                                                 shell fish.

                                                                                        same as above                      Davis, et
        Of the aauittc weed herbicides
evaluated, Dlclone was the most toxic,
Daohnia was generally the most sensitive
orqanlsm.  Alt of the Crustacea were
affected by much lower concentration
levels of herbicides than indicated by
the TL sub 50 values.  All of the animals
represent imoortant food chain links.

        Of 71, chemicals evaluated as
alglcldes, only 9 were more toxic than
CuSOi*.  None  Inhibited growth of
mat-forming aloae for more than ? weeks.
CuSO"t formulated with certain wetting
agents was more toxic than CuSO.it alone.
Copper chloraiMne was also found to be
more toxic than CuSO<>.  No wettlno. agents
were found to be inhibitory at the
concentrations Investigated (0.05 and
O.OOS ppm)«   Also reported are factors
affecting growth of algae in canals to
determine whether there were leads to
controlling algae by environmental
management.   No practical environmental
means were found.
                                   Capsules containing the tin       HItchua, et
                           compound were administered to the trout   al (19691,
                           by force feeding.  The tin comoound was   AHIC-5730
                           effective against the Intestinal  fluke
                           but erytnromycin was not.   Residue
                           analyses indicated tin was not readily
                                                                                                                           Sanders
                                                                                                                           (19701.
                                                                                                                           AMIC-*53
Otto (1970),
AMIC-89Z

-------
         Dl-n-butyl tin oilde Salmo
                              •quabonlta
fe
U)
         01-Systofl
         01-Syston
         01-Sy*ton
         OI-Sysfon
Mercenarla
•ercenarla
(eqqs)
Mercennrla
mereennrle
Itarvac)
Crassostrea
vlrqlnlca
(eqqs)
Crassostrea
vlrqlnlea
(larvae)
                                            L     —



                                            L     —
         01 IN. M d|*ethyl
         cocoa*Ine salt of
         •n do that I (ethyl
         bis) (?-ethylhexy«)
         phosphl na te7-oxabicy
         ele I?.?.II
         heptane-?,3-dlcarbo»
         yllc acid)
Phormldlum
amb1quua
                                 100-600  (oral   —
                                 dos«t NTC1
                                                               5.28  IT2)
                                                                1.39  
                                                               9.86  ITZ)
                                                                3.67  (TIV)
                                                               8.5-10.0  CNTE>  —
01 IN, N dimethyl    Phormldlua    L
trldecyl amlne) salt
of endothall
         ONOC
                              Fish  Cnot     —     ~
                                                                0.5-10.0  (0
                                                                percent growth
                                                                Inhibited 1<»)

                                                                       than
                                                                                          absorbed  by  tissue  outside  the  Intestinal
                                                                                          tract  and that  the  coaoound was raoldly
                                                                                          eliminated.   Tissue residue and retention
                                                                                          tine studies Here reeoaaended  for  drug
                                                                                          clearance purposes.

                                                                                                  save  as  above
                                                                                                  save  as above
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                                 saae  as above
                                                                                                  sane  as above
                                                                                          Of  7it  chemicals  evaluated  as
                                                                                 •Inlcldes.  only  9  »»re wore  toxic  than
                                                                                 CuSOit.   None  Inhibited growth  of
                                                                                 mat-formlnq algae  for nore  than  7  weeks.
                                                                                 CuSCKt  formulated with certain  wetting
                                                                                 aqpnts  was  nor*  toxic thin  CuSO". alone.
                                                                                 Conner  chlorarlne  was also  found to be
                                                                                 more toxic  than  CuSQ<»«   No  wetting agents
                                                                                 Mere found  to  be Inhibitory  at the
                                                                                 concentrations Investigated  (C.05  and
                                                                                 0.00"5 Dp«).   Also  reoorted  are factors
                                                                                 affecting growth of  algae  In canals to
                                                                                 determine whether  there  were leads to
                                                                                 controlling aloae  by environmental
                                                                                 •anaqevent.   No  practical environmental
                                                                                 •cans Here  found.

                                                                                         same as above
Hltchuo* et
al Cl-»69>,
•MIC-57S9

Oavls> et al

(19691.AHIC-
5998

Davis, et al

(1969).AHIC-
5993

Davis, et al

(1969>,A«»IO
5990

Davis, et al

(19691,AHIC-
5990

Otto  I19T9).
AHTC-89Z
                                                                                                      Otto  (1970).
                                                                                                      ftHIC-89?
                                                                                                   Approximate toxlcitles of
                                                                                                                                     Naitdesley-

-------
rv?
Comooun'l




Dobs JN








Dobs JN






Oobs JN






Dobs JN






Oobs 095





Toxicity,
Active
Field Field Ingredient,
Organism Study Location Pom
seed fled) 1.0-10.0 (K)



Carclnus BSA -- qreater than
•aenas 100 (T2>







Cardlum edule BSA — qreater than
100 





Cranqon BSA — qreater than
eranqon 100 





Pandalus BSA — qreater than
•ontaqul 100 (T2)





Csrclnus BSA -- qreater than
maenas 100 




Exoerl mental
Variables,
Control 1 ed
or Noted Comments
numerous pesticides commonly used in
Britain Here suinmar l?ed. An excellent
brief, general discussion of toxlcity
testing is also present.
a*(contin- One hundred- forty surface active
uous aer- aqents, solvent emulslf lers, pesticides.
ation, sea ool vch lorlnated blohenyls. cure
wato™, tmd Inorqanlc, and organic chemicals were
dally evaluated against as many as ten marine
solution organisms. The authors noted that most
removal) published data of this type deal with
toxlcity of chemicals to «resh»ater
organisms.
a«*(contln- same as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
atCccntin- same as above
UCM3 aor-
etion, soa-
vc tor, and
drily
solution
renewal )
a*(contin- same as above
uous aer-
ation, 363-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal }
a*(contin- sarre as above
uous aer-
ation, sec.-
wntor, and
daily
solution
Reference
rco-os
(1171) ,S-I
10-^5

Por t r 3nnt
si (1971) ,
ATC-7701






Por t r.S'-n,
31 (1971),
AMIC-7701




Por t-iann.
al (I'i7!) ,
ANIC-7701




Por Tyann,
etsl ( ) t





er






-------
                                                                                 renewal)
         Dobs  »S5
                               Cardiua edul« BSA   —
                                                                     (TZ)
                                                                                o*(contin-
                                                                                uous aer-
                                                                                ation, sea-
                                                                                watcr, and
                                                                                daily
                                                                                solution
                                                                                renewal)
                                                                                          same  as above
                                                                                                                             Portmann, et
                                                                                                                             al U9M>,
                                                                                                                             AKTC-770-.
         Dobs
                               Crangon
                               crangon
                                             BSA   —
                                                       greater than
                                                       100 (TZ)
r
18
vn
Debs 055
                     Panda I us
                     •ont»qul
                                    BSA
greater man
100 (TZ)
                a«(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                daily
                solution
                renewal)
a»(contin-
uous aer-
ation, aea-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
                                                                                         sane  as above
                                                                                               as above
                                                      Portnann,  et
                                                      at  (1971),
                                                      A1IC-77P1
Portnann, et
el (19M1,
         Debs OSS
                              Platlcthys
                              fIvsus
                                            BSA
                                                                10-30 ITZ)
                                                                       a*(contin-
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation, 3CC-
                                                                       wator, and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                      Portmanr,  et
                                                                      al  (1971),
                                                                      ANIC-7701
         Oodlne acetate
         Oonlclde A
                                    (not
                              so*clf le-1)
                              Mercenaria
                              •ercenwla
                              (eggs)

                                                       greater than
                                                       0.1-1.0 (K)
                                                       greater Than
                                                       10.0  (T2>
                                   Approximate toxiclties of         Nawl*sl«y-
                           nur»»rous pesticides commonly used  In      Tho»as(1371]
                           Britain were sumi"a>-izpa.  An excellent     AllC-lOS'i
                           brief, general discussion of toxicity
                           testing is also present.

                                   The effect oT 52  pesticides on    Davis,  etal
                           embryonic development pf  clap* and        tl9'i<»»,
                           oysters was reported.  Synerqistjc        AMIC-5993
                           effects with solvents were also reported.
                            Most of the compounds affected
                           development more than survival.  Sone,
                           however, drastically reduced larval

-------
COBDOurv)
Field Field
Organism Study Location
Toxicitv.
Active
Ingredient,
Pom
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
Peter ence
        Oonlelde *
        OOHlcide G
IU
CO
ON      Do»lcl<1e G
        Oo»pon
        OoKpon
                              Mercenarla
                              mercenaria
                              (Iarvae)
Mercenaria
nercenarla
(eqqs)

Mercenarla
merceoarla
(larvael

Rashora
heteroxoroha


                                           BCFA
                                           and
                                           as A
                                                              0.75  (TlZ)
                                                               less  than 0.25
                                                               (T?)
                                                               less  than
                                                               0.25CT1?)
                                                                   (TZ)
                             Sal no         SCFA  —
                             gairdnerl     and
                                           8SA
                                                               179  
                                                                                         growth.  The  authors  ooint  out  the
                                                                                         necessity ot  evaluating  the effects  ot
                                                                                         Desricldes  on all  life stages of  an
                                                                                         organism and  note  the possibility of
                                                                                         selecting chemicals  for  pest control  that
                                                                                         Hould not have serious effect on
                                                                                         she!If ish.

                                                                                                same as above
a*,c,o,r,
hard (KV)
or soft
(SW) syn-
thetic
dilution
water, or
seawotcr
for soaie
species
                                                                                                sane  as above
                                                                                                seme  as  above
                                                                                                      Davis, et a!

                                                                                                      < 1969! ,t«TC-
                                                                                                      SS?1

                                                                                                      Oavls, et
                                                     Dsuis, et
                                                     al I
                                                 bard (IIU)
                                                 or soft
                                                 {3W> syn-
                                                 thetic
                                                 water, or
                                                 soawater
                                                 for some
                                                 opeclea
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, wettinq agents, and
miscellaneous water oollutan»s showed  a
wide ranoe of toxicity snannlnq 12 orders
of magnitude.  Knowing the toxicity and
percentage of all conoonents of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxicity of a
mixture of materials.  Sometimes
pesticides were most toxic in hard water
and soiretimes the opposite was true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       same as above
41abaster

AMIC-si?5
                                                                                                                                    Alabaster
                                                                                                                                    AMIC-5«.?5

-------
          DoxeMc fCIO?)
                               Carclnus
                               •aenas
                                             BSA
                                                                 500  (T2)
          OoxcMe  (CIO?)
                               CaPdlum edule BSA
                                                                
                a«(contir.-          One  hundpert-f opty surface activ*
                UOUs  aer-   aqents,  solvent emulsl f 1 eps, pesticides,
                ution,  sea-Potych lorlnated biohenyls, Pure
                water,  ar.ci  inopqanic, and orqanic chemicals »»pe
                daily      evaluated aqalnst ?s msny as ten mapine
                solution    opqanlsms.   The authors noted that nost
                1'enewal)    published data at this type deal Kith
                            toxlelty of  chemicals  to fpeshwater
                            opqanisms.
                                                                «t
                a«-(contln-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                v.-atcr', and
                daily
                solution
                renev:al )
                                                                                                   sa"e
                                                                                                           above
                                                                                                                                       tMIC-7701
                                                                                                                                                 et
                                                                                                                                      al
                                                                                                                                      A1IC-/7C1
         Oexclde  fCIO?)
 I
ro
ro
-4
         Doxctd*  «:i^nated  as  CV, on,
           Cl, On, AQ, PC, MM, TN,  HP,  an1 NA with
           no fuPtnep descpjotion of theip chemical
           natuPe OP source.  Only  a few hioasssys
           wepe conducted with shPimo.  Molluscs and
           «chlnodepms wepe suggested as suitable
           test anlirals.  The authops stated that
           the method could be used to  test any
           ppoduct fop toxicity  in  seaxateP.
                                                                                                                                      al  (19711,
                                                                                                                                      AtIC-7731
                                                                               et
                                                                                                                                      al (1973)

-------
o
Compound
00
00
OSS
OTHC
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Fundulus BS* ~
heterocl 1 tus
N«r«ls vlrens BSA —
Nereis vlrens BS* — -
Palaemonetes BCF --
kadlaKensls
(adult)
Toxlclty,
Active
Inqredlent,
Pp«
0.0005 mi
O.OOOZ-0.001
mt
13.5 (T(.)
0.07 (residue)
Experimental
Variables.
Control led
or Noted Comments
a'.c.e, sane as above
and
synthetic
seaiiater
a*»c»e, same as above
and
synthetic
seaHater
8*.c,e, sane as above
and
synthetic
seawafer
a* Magnification ot POT aid Aldrln
taqqpd with C-l
-------
Oylox
0.8. Granular
                     Coccus
                     saxatills
                      tfingerlIngs)
                                   8SA    —
                     Sal no
                     galrdn«rl
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
Cconat 13046
                     Rasborn
                     n«teronorpha
              BCFA
              and
              BSA
                                                      0.19 CT2)
tC-9»
Rasbora
h«t«romorph»
                                   BCFA
                                   and
                                   BSA
                           Pesticide-resistant species  were
                           collected  at  Relzoni  and  non-resistant
                           species  at State  College.  Cooepods,
                           clans, snails,  and sludge  worirs Iron
                           Relzoni  were  consid»rinfv  more tolerant
                           to pesticides than tie  non-resistant
                           organisms.  The authors note that  the
                           effect of  Increased tolerance In  the
                           organisms  Is  an Increase  In  the amount of
                           pesticide  residues available to animals
                           of higher  troohic  levels.

S.2  (Tl»)        a«,c,d,e,f          Strloed bass  flnqerlinos  were     Hellborn
               ' ,p and     apoarently  much more sensitive to         (1969),
                Iron       therapeutic and herbicldat compounds than AMIC-57?!
                           many  freshwater fish.

2*050  (T2)      a*,c,e,f.           One hurdrert sixty-four            alabaster
                hard  (HH)  pesticides, Hettlnq agents, and
                or         miscellaneous «at«>r oollutants showed a
                SOFTtSM)   wide  range  of toxlclty spanning 12 orders
                synthetic  ot magnitude.  Knowing  the toxiclty and
                dilution   percentage  of all comconenfs of a
                water, or  formulation did not result in easy
                seawater   predictability of the toxlclty of a
                forsome    mixture  of  naferijis.   Sometimes
                species    pesticides  were most toxic In hard water
                           and sometimes the ooooslte «as true.
                           Testlnq  the actual material as sold Has
                           found to be essential.

                a*,c,e,f.           One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                hard  (HH)  pesticides, Hettino aoents, and           (1969),
                or         miscellaneous water oollutants showed a   AMIC-5U2S
                SOFT(SM)   Hide  range  of toxicity soanninq 1? orders
                synthetic  of itnqni tude.  Kno«lno  the toxlclfy and
                dilution   percentage  of all co^oonpnts of a
                water, or  formulation did not result in easy
                seawater   predictability of the toxlclty of a
                for some   mixture of materials.   Sometimes
                species    pesticides were most toxic in hard water
                           and soretires the opposite was true.
                           Testlnq  tne actual material as sold was
                           found to be essential.

l.Z IT2,        a*,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four            tlabast«r
h»rdwat«r>      hard  (HH)  pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
                or so)t     miscellaneous water oollutants showed a   AMIC-5*t?5
                (SM)        wide range of toxicity spanning 12 orders
                synthetic  of magnitude.  Knowing the toxicity and
                dilution   percentage of all  comoonents of  a
                water, or  formulation did not result in easv

-------
  Compound
                       Orqanlsm
                                   Field  Field
                                   Study Location
                                 Toxlclty,
                                 Active
                                 Ingredient.
                                                 Exoerlnental
                                                 Variables,
                                                 Control led
                                                 or Noted
                                                                                                 Comments
                                                                                                                           Reference
EC-98
                     Rasbora       BCFA
                     heteromorpha  and
                                   BSA
                                 1.2 (T2,
                                 softMater)
E»col M-146 IS*
percent olvs Z>
percent F«col
N-9IIX)
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                                      10 IT2>
Eacol 7«?
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                                      6.0 c.e,ff
                                                                     .hard (HWJ
                                                                      or soft
                                                                      ISH) syn-
                                                                      thetic
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      water, or
                                                                      aaawater
                                                                      for aoaa
                                                                      apeolaa
                                                            predictability of  the toxlclfy of  a
                                                            mixture of  materials.  Sometimes
                                                            pesticides  Here mo^t toxic In hard Mater
                                                            and sometimes the  opposite Mas true.
                                                            Testlnq the actual material  as sold Mas
                                                            found to be essential.

                                                                   sane as above
                                          Alabaster
                                          11969),
                                          AMIC-5<,?5
        One hundred sixty—four
pesticides, HCttlnq agents, and
miscellaneous Mater pollutants showed a
Mlde range of toxlclty soanninq 12 orders
of maqnitude.  Knowinq the toxiclty and
percentage of at I eo*oon»nts of a
formulation did not result in easy
predictability of the toxicity of a
• Ixture of materials.  So-neti»cs
pesticides Mere most toxic in hard Mater
and sometimes the opposite Mas true.
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.

       sane a* above
Alabaster
•1969),
R1IC-5I.2S
                                                                                                      Alabaster
                                                                                                      (1969),
CHIO
                     Crassostrea
                     vlrglnlca
                                                      16.S IT?)
                                                                    The effect of 52 pesticides on
                                                            eabryonlc development of clans and
                                                                                                      Oavls, et at
                                                                                                      (1969).

-------
                      t»qo«>
EHTO
Cvpilan
                      Crassostrea
                      vlrolnlea
                      (larvae)
                      Cranqon
                      crangon
                                                       30.0 IT1U
iofl-330
take* «pi II'ussK
                                   USA
l.B-3.3 (T.
                                          mC-7701
Cndosultan
                     Fish  (not
                     soeclfled)
greater than
0.000001-0.0000
1 (K)
        Approximate toxicltles of         HaHdeslev-
numerous pesticides commonly  used  In      Thomas  (1971
Britain were summarized. An excellent     AMIC-1856
brief, general discussion of  toxlclty
testing Is also present.

-------
Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Comoound Organism Study Location Pom or Noted Comments Reference
Cndosutfan Rasbor» BCFA — 0.000003 tT2> a*,c,e,f,
heteromorpha and hard (HH)
BSA or soft
ISH)
synthetic
dilution
water, or
seawater
tor some
species
One hundred sixty-four Alabaster
pesticides, wettlna agents, afd (1969),
miscellaneous water oof lut^nrs showed a ANIC-S'i?':
wide ranqe of toxlcitv spmnin-j tires
pesticides were most toxic in nard water
and soffetlmes the ooooslte wai true.
Testlnq the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
Cndosulfan
                      AgonuS
                      cataohractus
                                   BS»   —
                                                       0.03-1.0  (T2)
                                   a«(oontin- .        One hundred-forty surface  active  "or
                                   UOUs aer-  nqents, solvent euulsIflers, pestlcidss,  al
                                                                       ation,  sea-PO'vch'orlnated  biohpryts,  oure
                                                                       water   and  Inorqanlc,  and orqanic  cn^t^icals  wore
                                                                       ^ally       evaluated aqalnst  as  many  as  ten  marine
                                                                       solution    orqanisms.   The  authors noted that most
                                                                       renewal)    Published data of  this  tyoe deal  with
                                                                                  toxlelty ot chemicals to freshwater
                                                                                  orqanisms.
                                                                                                                            AMIC-7701.
Cndosulfan
                     CardIurn edul« BS»
                   greater than 10 ao(cor.tin-
                   IT2)            uoua aar-
                                   atlon, sea-
                                   water, and
                                   daily
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portmann. et
a I (19^:>,
»MIC-?7C1
Cndosulfan
                     Crangon
                     crangon
                                   BSA
                                                       0.01 (T2)
                                   a«-( contin-
                                   uous  aer-
                                   ation,  sea-
                                   water,  and
                                   dally
                                   solution
                                   renewal)
                                                                                         same as above
Portma^i, et
at (19?1),
Cndothall
                     Rasbora
                     heteromorpha
8CFA
and
BSA
(TZ1         •*»*»*t'»          One hundred sixty-four
            hard (HW)  pesticides, wettlnq aqents, and
            OF soft    miscellaneous water oollurants showed a
            (SW) »jn-  wide range of.toxiclty scanning iZ orders
Alabaster
(t969>.

-------
         Cndotnall
 >
 IU
u>
CJ
         Endofhall
         Cndothall
         Cndofhall
         Endothal
         Endrln
         Endrln
                                                                                tlMjttC
                                                                                dilution
                                                                                water, or
                                                                                seawater
                                                                                for soxe
                                                                                spa tiles
                              Hercenaria
                              •ercenarla
                              (eqqs)

                                                                51.0  (T2)
                              Hereen««rl8
                              •ercenarle
                              II arvne)
Crassostrea   L
vlrqlnlca
                                                                12.5  (T12)
                                                                28.2  CT2)
                              Crassostr«»   L
                              vlrqlnica
                              (larvae)
                              Fish (not
                              specified)
                              Fish (not
                              specified)
                              an»cystls
                              nlrtulans
                                 greater than
                                 10-100 (K)
                                 oreater than    —
                                 0.0001-0.001
                                 (K)

                                 0.5-1.0 (qroMth a*,c»ir
                                 inhibited)      SM
                                                             of  maqnltude.   Knowinq the toxicity and
                                                             o*rc»ntaoss ioi 11 ty of
                                                             selecting chemicals  for oest control that
                                                             would  not have serious  effect on
                                                             shell fish.
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  same as above
                                                                                                  same  as above
        Approximate toxlcitles of
numerous pesticides commonly used in
Britain were summarized. An excellent
brief* general discussion of toxlclty
testing Is also present.

       same as above
        Metabolic products of Aldrln,
Oieldrin, and Endrln can be as toxic as
the parent compounds, as shown by  00
measurement.
                                                                                                       Davis,  et  al

                                                                                                       (1969), »Mi:-
                                                                                                                                     navis,  et al

                                                                                                                                     ( 19691.
Davis, et al

119*9) ,»1IC-
•5990

Mawdesley-
Thonas
(1971), AMIO
1056
                                          Hawdesley-
                                          ThOB«S(1971
                                          AHIC-1056
Batterton.et
al

-------
ro
Comnound
Ff\ttf I n
coor i n


Cndrln









Endrln






tnar In






Endrln






Endrln






Field Field
Organism Study Location

quadrup-
lleatun

Salvellnus BCFA —
fontlnalls
(1.15 q>







Salvellnus BCFA —
fontlnal Is
(2.01. q>




Salno clarkl BCFA —
(0.3? a)





Salno ctarfcl BCFA —
(1.30 q>





Sal no BCFA ~
qalrdn»rl
(!.?<> q»




Toxlcity. Cxoer I mental
Active Variables.
Ingredient t Controlled
Pom or Noted Comments

0.5*1.0 (growth a*»c*»r
Inhibited) SM


0.355 {TH a«,c,d.
s,r,i,o,
aulfate.
copper,
manganese,
Iron, and
chromium




0.59 (Ti.) a«,c,d.
e,r,l,o,
suirata,
copper,
nanemese.
iron, and
chronlum
0.00001 CK> *»,c,d,
e,r,l,o,
oulfate.
copper.
manganese.
iron, and
chromium
0.00002 (Tli> a«,c,d.
e.r.l.o.
aulfato,
copper,
manganese.
Iron, and
chromium
0.00 Of, (T«») *»,c,d.
e,r,l,o.
aulfate.
copper.
manganese,
Iron, and
chromium

sane as above


Four Insecticides Mere evaluated
on tour fish species at two body weights.
Standard method bloassay orocedures were
fol lowed. SyfflDtomotogy was also
recocted. Generally, toxlcity Mas
significantly different at the two body
weights. !.«.» more toxic at tne lower
body weight, exceot for Hatathlon.
Well-defined exoer inental conditions were
said to result In truer measurement of
toxlcity.
sane as above






sane as above






sane as above






sane as above






Reference
AMIC-K.71
Bat ter t on •
«t al
(19711.
AMIC-1«.M
Post, et al
(1971),
AHIC-1813







Post, et al
(1971) ,
A1IC-1812




Post, et al
(1971) ,
AMic-iai?




Post, ct al
(1971).
AHIC-181?




Post, et al
I197D ,
AMIC.-I*IZ





-------
          En*-in
                               llmneohllus
                               rhombIcus
                               (larvae)
.Knights      0.003 (whole
CRFEK,       body residue)
OunCounty,
Misc.
\J\
         Endrln
         Endrln
         Endrln
         Endrln
                               Slalls  so.     FS
                               (larvae)
                               Gannarus  so,   FS
                               Plmephales     BCFA
                               orone I as
                               Carass1us      BCF
                               auratus
Kniqhts      0.009
Creek, Dun   (wholebody
County,Wise, residue)
                                                   Knights
                                                   CreeKt Dun
                                                   County,
                                                   Misc.
             0.013-0.035
             (unoI(body
             residue)
                                                                0.25 DPb (U)
                                                                                a»,e
             0.00<»3 (oral     a*,c,q
             dose o«r day,S8
             i, mo)
         endrln
                               Oncorhynehus  BCF*
                               Klsulch  (1.50
                                                                0.76  IT*)
        Samoles  of  xater,  silt, bottom    Houbry, et
debris, bottom orqanlsus,  and  fish  Mere   a(  (1^68),
taken  In  1966  troi»  a  creek  adjacent to an SHIC-3753
orchard which had been  treated In
1«!<>3-1?SS with various  chlorinated
hydrocarbon  pesticides.  No residues Here
founr)  in  Hater samnles.  Silt  sanotes
contained 0.003-0.013 DDK  endrln and
0-0.01)5 cpm  dleldrln. Endrln residues of
0.011-0.025  oom  and 0.007-0.006 opn
diaMrln  Here  found In  debris  samples.
nesolte United  control data,  residue
analyses  Indicated  that contamination of
the environment  studied was United.
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                          Moutry, et
                                          a I
                                          Moubry, et
                                          al (14*8).
                                          SMIC-37S3
                             a«,e.d.
                             e,f,l.o,
                             aulfato,
                             copper,
                             nanconese.
                             Iron,  and
                             chromium
        ISS acted synerglstleally with    Solon, et al
parathlon to cause less survival of
fatheds but had an Indeterminate effect   (1969),AMIC-
nith ROT and no synerqlstic effect with    37<5
En»1rln.

        No effects Here noted at lower    Grant, et al
concentrations while higher doses caused  (1970),
some mortality, lowered growth rat?,      AH.IC-3S26
decreased thyroid cell height, decreased
qanetogenesls, lowered total body fat,
less vaeuot Izatlon of liver cells,
elevated serus Na concentrations,
osmo-regutatory disturbance, and other
effects.  The-authors note that sublethal

       sane as above
                                          Post, et al
                                          M971) ,
                                          4MIC-181?

-------
ro
LO
O\
Compound

Endr in












Endrln






Endrln






Endrln






Endrln


Toxicity, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organism Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments

Enrfomyc^ura F Western 0.17 (residue) — •
craverl U.S.,
(eqqs) Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic







Pelecanus F Western 0.07-1.13
•occidental Is U.S.. , (residue)
(eggs) Pact f Ic
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Sula F Western 0.01-0.06
leucoqrster U.S., f residue)
(eggs) Pad f ic
Oc»an,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Pandion F Western 0.?5 (residue)
hallaetus U.S..
(eqqs) Pacific
Ocean,
Panama,
Mexico, and
Antarctic
Gaibusla L — 0.05-0.* (SB 3 —
• Minis hr)
(resistant)
effects could adversely affect fish
poou 1 at 1 ons.
d t" 1 * 1 1 t d
widely and analyzed tor HOT, DOE, PCB,
and a few other oestlcides to a lesser
degree. PC?) and DOT were found to be
widely dispersed globally. PCS was found
to be a powerful inducer of heoatic
enzymes that degrade oestradlol.
Reductions in thickness of eqg shells.
eggshell weight, and water retention
occurred. Alt affect hatching success.
The authors state that the peregrine nay
be the first species entlroated by global
contamination.
sa»e as above






sane as above






sane as above






Endrln resistant mosauitoTlsh
exhibited no consistent change in rate of
oxygen consumption. The susceptible
Reference


et al
(19SSJ ,
ANIC-38*i>










Rtsebrouqh,
et al
(1968),
AMIO38M»



Rlsebrougn,
et al
(1968),
»HIC-38<.«.



Rlsebrouqh,
et at
(1968),
AllC-JSkW



Mrlngvale.
et al
(1968),

-------
         EnrtrIn
         fnurln
Caxbusla      L

(susceptible)
                              Plueohales
                              proud as (3
                                            8SA
                                                               0.00001-0.
                                                               (SB 3 hr)
0.00077 IT2>
                                                 a«,c,e,f,
                                                 k,l,n,
                                                 and na(--
                                                 noslun,
                                                 sulfates,
                                                 iron,
                                                 calcium
IU
         Cntfrln
        Endrtn
                              Plmephales
                              crone I as H
                              en)
                              Pala«nonet«s
                              Hadlakensls
                              (resistant)
                                                               H.00057 (TZ>
                a*,e,e,f,
                lc,l,n,
                and nag-
                neslun,
                sulfates,
                Iron,
                calcium
                                            BS»   ~
                                                               0.0028-0.0137
                           at higher concentrations.  Some nortallty
                           occurred at .02-.075 oo» In susceptible
                           tlsh and at .Ml po« In the resistant
                           strain.

                                  saae as above
                                                                     Hclnqvatet
                                                                     et al
        Ploassays conducted
simultaneously  Indicated  that DDT was
conslri«>raMy  nore toxic to fatnead
minnows under static conditions than
under continuous «I on conditions.
Decreasing oxygen and increasing
metabolites may have enhanced DDT
toxic!ty.  An identical study «lth Endrln
resulted in only sllqhtty higher toxiclty
under continuous flow conditions.
Average pH, oxvqen, and anmonia nltroqen
were foil owed throuohout  the oxperlnents.
 The results nere conprehensl«ely
discussed taking into consideration »»ny
contributing factors.

       same as above
AMIC-5V75

Linear, et
al
                                                                                                                                    5S09
                                                                                                      Llncer,  et
                                                                                                      al  (1470),
                                  Bloassays  Her* conducted  Kith
                          shrlmo  fron  three  areas  of  intensive
                          pesticide  use  and  from an unexoosed area.
                           Previously  exoosed shrimp  Here from 1  to
                          ?5  times more  resistant  than unexposed
                          shrimp.  Both  types of shrlno Here also
                          exoosert in cages to waters  of the
                          contaminated areas.  Susceptible  shrimp
                          suffered fit  percent more mortality than
                          did resistant  shrlmo.  The  toxicity of
                          the Insecticides ranHed  in  descending
                          order xas  as follows:  nost toxic,
                          Endrln, DDT, Methyl paratnlon, Parathloni
                          medium  toxiclty, Cuthlon, Llndane,
                          Toxaohene, Strobanet lease  toxic
                          Chlordane, Sevln,  and Heptachlor.
                                                                                                      Naavl,  et
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      AHIC-S519
                                                                              al
        Fndrin
                              Pala*«en»tes  USA   —
                                                               0.0009  (Tl)
                                                                                                 sane as abova
                                                                                                                                    Naovi.et  al

-------
Compound

Endrln
Field Field
Organise Study Location
kadlaKenvls
(non-
resistant)
Gambol 1 » U —
at finis
(resistant)
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
fom

D.5-? (SB6-9)
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted

Comments

~ Resistant nosqul t of ish Her*
exposed to Endrln for varyina periods of
time then fed to susceotible green
Reference
(1970),
ANIC-S519
Ferguson, et
al (1967),
ANIC-5976
ro
          Endrln
          Endrln
Gambusla
affinis
(resistant)

tenon i s
cyanellus
(susceptible)
                                             L      —
(whole body
residue)

greater than 1
(k
-------
          En*-In
r
NO
          Endrln
         Cndrln
         Endrln
         Endrln
         Endrin
         Cndrln
Cooroods
(Cvcl or>s
blcusoldus.
CycloDs
vaplc*ns«
Cyclons
vernal Is,
Eueyclops
aql Us,
Macro eyclops
albldus.
Opthoeycloos
modulus)
Tub If ex
tublfex

Physa gyPlna


Physa gyplna


Euoepa
slngieyl

Leoomls
•acPochlPus
FL
and
BSA










FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
FL
and
BSA
BSA

Belzonl, 0.08 (20
Hiss percent K2>











Belzonl, 6.D CNTE)
Miss.

State 0.55 

State 0.075 (K3)
Col lege.
MISS.
0.0001 
-------
Compound
Cndrln
Organise
Crassostrea
vlrglnlca
leqgs)
Field Field
Study Location
L —
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
Ppa
0.79 (T2)
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Coaaents
— - saae as above
Reference
Davis, et al
C19S9),A1IC-
Cndrln
Cndrln
Crassostrea
vlrqtnlca
(larvae)

Lepoals
aacrochlrus
                                   L     —
                                   8S»   —
                                                      greater than
                                                      1Q.O
                                                      0.001-0.002
                                                      (Kl
Cndrln
Cndrln
Cndrln
Cndrln
Cndrln
                     Leooals
                     alcroloohus
                     Leooals
                     •aerocMrus
                     Lepovls
                     •aeroehlrus
                     lepovls
                     aaeroehlrus
                     Leooals
                     •aeroehlrus
                                   BS«   —
                                   FP
                                   FP
                                   FP
                    Orlft wood
                    Far> Ponds,
                    Indiana

                    Orlftnood
                    Far* Ponds.
                    Indiana

                    OrlftHood
                    Fara Ponds*
                    Indiana
                                   8CF»  —
                                 1.001-0.002
                                 CKt
                                                      O.DO". (K2>
                                                      0.001 (K21)
                                                      0.046  (Kl)
                                                      0.002 (Tit
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                                                           Davlst et
                                                                                                                           • 110599!)
        Lab. tests Mere folloxed by tests He^eynolds
In oonds to eradicate fish.  Cndrln       (1969),»HIC-
toxlclty persisted In one oond study (W6  108
Dob) rven after the pond had been mptled
and refilled twice.  In oonds. Cndrln
tbxlclty varied widely.  The author
stated that this cheolcal MBS too
danqerous for use as a pesciclde except
In extrenely Isolated Instances.
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        saae as above
                                                                    Cndrln absorbed by bluegllt In
                                                            lethal and sublethal exposures Has
                                                            deteralned by electron caoture gas
                                                            chro«*tograDhy.  Absorotlon Has Measured
                                                            at varying tlaes uo to 24 hr.  The
                                                            authors stated that a teaoorarv decrease
                                                            In absorption at the sublethat
                                                            concentration level suqoests the fish
                                                            •ere aetabolizlnq and excreting the
                                                            Endrln.
                                          McReynotds
                                          (I960),
                                          •HIC-1D8

                                          Hc9eynolds
                                          (11^91,
                                          •HIC-108

                                          HcRevnolds
                                          (19fi9),
                                          AMIC-1B8

                                          HcReynolds
                                          (1<>69) ,
                                          »HIC-1B8

                                          Bennett, et
                                          81(1970),
                                          AMIC-19S

-------
 Endrln
 Endrln
 Cndrln
Endrln
Cndrin
Endrln
eolchlorhydrln
                      Leoomls       BCFA
                      •acrochirus
                      Lepomis      BCFA
                      •acrochirus
                      Leoomls
                      •acrochlrus
                      Leoonls
                      •atrochlrus
                     lepomis
                     •acrochlrus
                     Cyorlnodon
                     varlegatus
                     (50-70 ••)
                                   BCFA   —
                                   BCFA  —
                                   BCFA  —
                                   BSA
Rasbora       BCFA
heteromorpha  and
              BSA
                                                       0.0002  (SSI)
                                  o.noo?
                                  10.04-0.13 DO*
                                  •uscle
                                  residue)

                                  0.0002
                                  (0.60-0.70 pp»
                                  qut residue)

                                  0.000?
                                  (0.80-1.0 DO*
                                  IIver residue)

                                  0.0002
                                  (0.80-0.30 OP"
                                  whole body
                                  residue)

                                  0.001 (K)
                                                                   sane as above
                                                                                        same  as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                        same as above
Bennett,et
at
(1970),AMIC-
195

Bennett, et
al (1970),
AMIC-19S
Bennett, et
al  (1970),
AMTC-195

Bennett, et
al  (1970),
AMIC-195

Bennett, et
al  (1970),
AHIC-195
                                                      36 (T2)
 a",                Sensitivity of  threi- generations
 seaxater   of sheeosheacJ minnoMS to 03T and Fndrin
           Nas determined.  Sensitivity to ODT
           varl«d seasonally.  Fish were bred In
           ponds 15m X 5» X 1.25*  exposed to
           pesticides In aquaria,  and survivors used
           for breeding.  The results for DOT Here
           not entirely clear due  to the seasonal
           variability.  Increased and decreased
           sensitivity Mere recorded for the Fl
           generation at different times. Increased
           sensitivity for the F2, and decreased for
           the F3.  The authors stated that
           Incorporation of DDT in ova via lioids
           •ay have caused increased sensitivity.
           Endrin toxlcity Has decreased in the Fl
           and Increased in the F? qeneratlon.

a*,c,e,f.          One hundred sixty-four
hard   pesticides. Netting agents, and
or         miscellaneous Hater pollutants showed a
SOFT(SH)   Hide range of toxlcity scanning 1? orders
synthetic  of magnitude.  Knowing  the toxicity and
dilution   percentage of all components of a
Mater,  or  formulation did not result in easy
seanater   •predict jbl 1 1 ty of the toxlcity of a
for so«e   mixture of caterlals.  Some tines
species    pesticides were Most toxic In hard Mater
           and sometimes .the opposite Mas true.
                                                                                                      Holland, et
                                                                                                      al (197C),
                                                                                                      AMIC-726
Alabaster
(1969).

-------
Coeoound
Eotam
Eterlne fulfat*
Field Field
Organise Study Location
Gammarus BSA —
Negaorlon BSA
brevlrostrls
<1-I kg)
Toxiclty, Fxperlmentat
Active Variables,
Ingredient, Controlled
Ppm or Noted Comments
Testing the actual material as sold was
found to be essential.
23.0 (Ti.) a* Of the aquatic weed herbicides
Oaohnla Mas generally the most sensitive
organism. Ill of the Crustacea Mere
affected by much lover concentration
levels of herbicides than indicated by
the TL sub 50 values. All of the animals
reoresent Imoortant food chain links.
11 (NTE 3 hr) a,c,e Data from study of dru? effects
on young lemon sharks were treated
mathematically to demonstrate
Reference
Sanders
1 1070) •
AMIC-W3
<>aldrldge(19
69),
AM.IC-3832
Ctsolvene
                     Carclnus
                     •aenas
                                   9S»
                                                      10—33  (T2)
Csselvene
                     Cardlua «dule BS»   —
                                                       33-100  (T2>
           applicability  of  classical rat*  theory  to
           the study  of chemical  shark  deterrents.
           IncapacItatlon (narcosis) was  the  primary
           parameter  timed for  effectiveness.   This
           Mas usually guite raold  for  the  more
           effective  drugs.

a»(contin-          One hundred-forty surface  active   Portmann,  et
UOU3 nor-  agents,  solvent emulslflers,  pesticides,   al
ation,  sea-DOlychlorlnated biphenyls, oure            (1971),»MIC-
water,  and inorganic, and organic cherlcats Mere     7701
daily      evaluated  against as many as  ten marine
solution  organisms.  The authors  noted  that most-
renewal)  oublIshed  data of this type  deal with
           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
           organisms.

                  sane as above                      Portaann,  et
                                                      al
                                                      11971),»HIC-
                                                      7701
                                                                       uous  aer-
                                                                       ation,  soa-
                                                                       woter,  and
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Csselvene
                     Crangon
                     cranqon
                                   BS»
                                                       10  (TZ)
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
                                                                                         sane  as  above
Portnann, et
al (197H,
•HIC-7701

-------
                                                                       daily
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
Essolvene
                      Ostrea edulls BSA    ~
                                                       33-100 (T2J
                 a»( contin-
                 uous aer-
                 ation, aea-
                 wcter, and
                                                                        solution
                                                                        rcne-.ral)
                                                                                         same as above
                                                      Portnann,  «t
                                                      al  (19711.
                                                      AMIC-7701
Cssolvene
                      Panda I us
                      •ontaqui
                                   BSA
                                                       10 (TZt
                 a»(contin-
                 uous  aer-
                 ation,  sea-
                 wa tqr,  and
                 dally
                 solution
                 renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                      Portrann,  et
                                                      al  (1971),
                                                      AMIC-7701
C**0 solvent FC-1S5
                     Cranqon
                     cranqon
                                   BS»
                                                       10-33 (T2>
Cthanedlol
                     Cranqon
                     cranqon
                                   BSA
qreater than
100 IT2>
Cthanolamlne
                     Cranqon
                     eranqon
                                   8S»    —
greater than
100 (T2>
                ac( contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, end
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal )
a«(contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea
water, er.d
daily
solution
renewal)
a* (contin-
uous aer-
ation, S3Q-
water, and
daily
solution
renewal)
         One hundred-forty surface active
 aq«nts» solvent emulsIflers, pesticides,
 ooIvchI orInated blrh^nvls, pure
 Inorganic, and organic cnrfflcals were
 evaluated against PS many as ten marine
 organisms.  The authors noted that most
 published data of this type deal with
 toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
 organisms.

         One hundred-forty surface active
 aq-nts, solvent emulslflers, pesticides,
.DOlychlorInated biohenylsi our*
 Inorganic, and organic chemicals w»re
 evaluated against as many as ten marine
 organisms.  The authors noted that Host
 published data of this tyce deal Hlth
 toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
 organises.

        same as above
                                                      Portiann,  et
                                                      al  (1<>71>,
                                                      AHJC-7701
Portinann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701
                                           Portmann, et
                                           al (1971),
                                           AHIC-7701

-------
Conoound
Ethanol
.Organise,
Sett*
Field Field
Study Location
• m^
Toxlcity,
Active
Ingredient,
Ron
?8SO (SB 6 hrl
Experimental
Variables,
Controlled
or Noted Comments
a* The effects of ethanol and
Reference
Raynes. et
                     soIendens
tthlon
                     Pashora
                     heteromorpha
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                      0.53 (T2)
                                                                      OP soft
                                                                      ISM) a?a-
                                                                      tbetie
                                                                      dilution
                                                                      water, or
                                                                      •eawmter
                                                                      for '
Ethlon
                     Tublfex
                     tublfex
Ft
and
BSA
Belzonl,
Hiss.
                                                       1.50  tNTE)
Ethoeeen S-25
                     Pas bora
                     heferomorpha
                                   and
                   9.39  m,
                   hardxater)
                                                                      hard (HW;
                                                                      or soft
                                                                      (SH)  ayn-
bourbon en the aggressive response of     al
Siamese fighting fish were determined.    (1968), AHIC
Cthanol Increased all I snow               5712
(aggressiveness) and bourbon and bourbon
congeners decreased It.  The authors
tentatively concluded that the delayed
effect of the congener resulted fro<«
involvement of a different Dhyslological
mechanism and that this nay be related to
hangover effects in nan.

        One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
pesticides, wetting agents, and           M96. AMT.C-
alscel laneous water pollutants showed •   5*25
wMe range of toxlclty spanning 1? orders
of  magnitude.  Knowing the toxlcitv and
percentage of all components of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
mixture of materials.  So«e times
pesticides Mere most toxic In hard water
and so»«tjmes the opposite was  true.
Testing the  actual  •af«rj«l •* sold «»»
found  to bt

-------
Cthoneen S-Z5
                      Rasbora
                      heteronorpha
<5CFA
and
as*
0.68 (TZ,
softxat«r)
Cthylene phosphite
                     Pineohales
                     crone fas
                                   BS«   —
                                                       34.0  (U)
Cthyl parathlon
                     Cardlum edule BS»   —•
                                                       3.3-10  
-------
Compound Organise
Field Field
Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
PD«
Experimental
Variables,
Control led
or Noted Comments
Reference
         £-311.
         Fenac  (Ha salt)
>
Fenac (Na saltl


Fenac (Na salt)


Fenac (Na saltl



Fenac (Na salt)



Fenac (Na salt)
Coho salmon  BSA   Hood Canal,  0.01  (X)
(fingerlings) In    Hoodsport,
             situ  Wash.
                                                                                                                                     Tracy, et al
                                                                                                                                     (19t>9),
                              Gammarus
                              faselatu?
                                            OS*
Paleomontes
karl I ak»n% J^

As*11 US
brevlcaudus

Orconectes
nals
BSA


BSA


BSA
                              Daohnla aaqna BSA
                              Cyoridoosis
                              vidua
                                            BSA
                                 greater than
                                 100.0 CT2)
                                                               greater  than
                                                               tno.D  IT?)

                                                               greater  than
                                                               lOO.O(TZ)

                                                               greater  than
                                                               100.0  (T?)
                                                                greater  than
                                                                100.0  (T?>
                                 greater than
                                 100.0  (T7)
                                                                                 with  fair to  good oil dlsoerslon
                                                                                 caoabi lity.

                                                                                        sane as above
                                                                                         Of  the  aquatic Heed herbicides    Sanders
                                                                                 evaluated.  Old one  was the most  toxic,    (1471),
                                                                                 Daohnla Has generally the most sensitive  AHIC-WJ
                                                                                 organ l«mi.   All  of the crust.irea  Here
                                                                                 affected by much  lower concentration
                                                                                 levels of herbicides than Indicated by
                                                                                 the TL sub  50 values.  All of the  animals
                                                                                 reoresent important food chain links.

                                                                                        same as  above                      S;
                                                                   same as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                  sane as above
                                                                   same as above
                                                                                                      Sand«--s(ig70),
                                                                                                      AHIC-1.53
                                                                                                       1.53

                                                                                                       Sanders
                                                                                                       (1970 1, •lic-
                                                                                                       it "53

                                                                                                       Ssnders
         Fenac  (Na salt)
         Fenoproo
                              Lenonls
                              •acrochlrus
                                            BSA
                              Rasbora       RCFA
                              heteroaorpha  and
                                            BSA
                                                                19.0  (T2)
                                                                37
                                                 a*                same  as  above                       Sanders
                                                                                                       (1970,
                                                                                                       AHIC-*53

                                                 a>,Cfe,ft          One  hundred sixty-four             Alabaster
                                                 bard (Htfj  pesticides,  netting aqents,  and            J19A9),
                                                 or soft    miscellaneous nater pollutants showed  a    A1IC-5<.?5
                                                 (SH) syn- • wide range of toxlclty  spanning  12  orders
                                                 thetic     of magnitude.   Knowing  the  toxlcity and
                                                 dilution   percentage of alt components of  a
                                                 water, or  formulation  did not result  in easy
                                                 seawater   predictability  of the toxlcity of a

-------
 Fcntln acetate
                      PandaI us
                      montaqul
                                    BSA   —
                                                  for  soMe   Mixture of  Materials.   Sometimes
                                                  species    pesticides  Mere most toxic In hard water
                                                             and sometimes the oooosite was true.
                                                             Testing the actual  Material  as sold Mas
                                                             found  to be essential.

                                  greater  than  33  a»(contin-         One hundred-torty surface active
                                  (T2)             UOU3 aer-  aqents, solvent enutslflers,  oestlcldes,
                                                  ation,  sea-Polychlorinated blohenyls, cure
                                                  water,  and Inorganic,  and organic  cheirlcals Mere
                                                  dally      evaluated against as many as  ten marine
                                                  solution   organ ISMS.   The authors noted that Most
                                                  renewal)   published data of this  type  deal xlth
                                                             toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                                                             organ isms.
                                          Portaann, et
                                          at  (1971).
                                          ANIC-7701
Fenuron
                      Mercenarla
                      mercenarla
                      (eqqs)

                                  greater  than
                                  10.0  (T2)
        The effect of 52 pesticides on    Pavls> et
embryonic development of clans and        al(1969).
oysters Mas reported.  Synerglstlc        4NIC-5990
effects Mlth solvents Mere also reported.
 Most of the compounds affected
development more than survival.  Some,
hoNever, drastically reduced larval
qroMth.  The authors ooint out the
necessity of evaluating the effects of
pesticides on all life staoes of an
orqanlsir and note the oosslbillty of
selecting chemicals tor pest control that
Mould not have serious effect on
shell fish.
Fenuron
Ferrle eh I or I do
Ferric sulfate
Ferrous chloride
Mercenarla
Mercenarla
I larvae)

Carasslus
auratus
                     Carass1us
                     auratus
                     Carass1us
                     auratus
                                   |       ^^
Ferrous sultate las  »croneurla
Fel
              L


              BS»
                                                       greater  than
                                                       5.0  «T1?)
                                                       5-10
                                                       5-10  (KV)
                                                       5-10
                                                       16  (T9)
                                                                                              as above
                                          Davis, et
                                          al(19S9),
                                          AMIC-5990
                                                                                          Iron salts Merc most harmful       *shl*v
                                                                                  Immediately after dissolving,  resulting   (1978),»MIC-
                                                                                  In  gill  blockage (reversible), absorption 5<>36
                                                                                  In  digestive tract,  and Iron precipitates
                                                                                  In  epithelium' and renal  tubules.
                                                                       a*,c,d,e,f
                                                                                         same as above
                                                                                         same  as above
                                                                                          EpheMerelta (Mayfly)  Mas the most Warnlck,  et
                                                                                                      Ashley
                                                                                                      (1970),
                                                                                                      A1TC-5I.36

                                                                                                      *shley(1970).
                                                                                  sensitive  aquatic Insect  of  those         at(1969),
                                                                                  studied,  and copper the most broadly      ANIC-3767
                                                                                  toxic  metal.  The authors suggest that

-------
  Compound
            Field  Field
Organism    Study Location
Toxlclty,
Active
Ingredient,
  Pom
                                                 Experimental
                                                 Variables.
                                                 Controlled
                                                 or Noted
                                                                                                  Convents
                                                                                                                            Reference
Ferrous sulfate  las   Ephemera 11a   BSA
Ferrous sulfate  (as   Hydropsyche    BSA
Fe)
Ferrous sulfate       Carassluv      L
                      auratus
Flnavol FSK
Cr»n*ton       ASA
cranqon
                                                       0.32 ITM
                                                       16 (T7)
                               9-10 (1C.)
                                                       180-330 CT21
 Flnasol  0<5RZ
                      Cranqon
                      crangon
                                    BSA   —
                                                       3300 (T<»)
                                                                       a*«c,d,e«f
                                                 ,c,d,e,f
                                                          aquatic Insects nay not be as sensitive
                                                          to heavy netals as fish.

                                                                 sane as above
                                                                       a&tcontin-
                                                                       uous aer-
                                                                       ation  sea-
                                                                       water,  and
                                                                 sane as above
                                                                     MarnlcK,
                                                                     etal  11069).
                                                                     AMTC-3767

                                                                     Warnick,  et
                                                                     81(1969).
                                                                     ANIC-3767
                                                                  Iron salts  Here most harmful      Ashley
                                                          Immediately after dissolving, resulting   (1970).
                                                          In qill bloeKaa*  (reversible), absorotion
                                                          in dlqestlve tract, and Iron orecloltates
                                                          In eolthellum and renal tubules.
                                                                       solution
                                                                       renewal)
                                               ae(contln-
                                               uoua aer-
                                               ation, sea-
                                               water, and
                                               dally
                                               solution
                                               renewal )
                                                                  One hundred-forty surface active
                                                          agents, solvent eiuls i Tiers, oestlcides,
                                                          Dolvchlorinated blohenyls, oure
                                                          Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                                                          evaluated against  as  nany as ten marine
                                                          organisms.  The authors noted that nost
                                                          published data of  this type deal with
                                                          toxlclty of chemicals  to  freshwater
                                                          organlsns.

                                                                 *»•• »* above
                                                                     Portmann, et
                                                                     at (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-7T01
                                                                     Portmann, at
                                                                     al (1971),
                                                                     AHIC-7701
Flnasol SC
                      Cranqon
                      crangon
                                    BSA   —
                                                       33-100 (T2>
                                               a*(contin-
                                               uous aer-
                                               ation, sea-
                                               water, and
                                               dally
                                               solution
                                               renewal)
                                                                                         sane as above
                                                                     Partmann, et
                                                                     al (1971).
                                                                     AMIC-7701
 Flack  o.p.  Fly  dip
                                    BCFA  —
                                                       0.73 (T2)
                                                                         ,c,e,f,
                                                                                          One hundred sixty-four
                                                                                                                            Alabaster,

-------
                      hetaroMorphe  and
                                    BS*
                                   hard       pesticides,  wetting  aqents.  and            (19S9),»MIC-
                                    (HM)or     Miscellaneous  Hater  ooltutants showed  a    5*25
                                   soft  (SN)  Hide ranqe of  toxlclty soannlnq tZ orders
                                   synthetic  of naqritude.  Knowing the  toxlclty  and
                                   dilution   percentage of  all  covoonents of a
                                   Hater,  or  foraulatlon  did  not  result  In easy
                                   seawater   predictability of  the toxlclty of a
                                   for SOMO   Mixture of Materials.  SonotlMes
                                   species   pesticides Here  Most toxic  in hard Hater
                                              and socetlMcs  the  opposite  Has true.
                                              Testlnq the  actual Material  as sold  Has
                                              found  to be  essential.
Fluoresceln sodlua    Sal MO
                      galrdncrl
                                   BS»   —
                   1.J7Z  (TV)
Fluorwsceln so<1IUM   Ictalurus
                     ounctatus
                                   BS*   ~
                                                      Z.Z67  «T*>
                   Th« dyes Rhodanlne B and
           Fluoresceln sodlu* Here found to be
           relatively non-toxic  in poa
           concentrations while  antlaycln Has toxic
           at pob levels.  The author states that
           neither dye at field  use concentrations
           should slqnlfIcantly  Influence the
           activity of *ntl*ycln « aqalnst fish.

                  sane as above
                                                                                        «arKIng
                                                                                        (1969),
                                                                                        HarKlnq
                                                                                        <19691,»HIC-
Fluorescein sodlt»   LepOMls       BS*
                     aacrochlrus
                                                                                        saae  as above
                                                                                        Marl, Ing
                                                                                        t19691,»"IC-
FluoroMIl
                     Rasbora       BCF*
                     heteroaorpha  and
                                   BS*
                                                      3,500  (TZI
                                   hard (HM)
                                   or
                                   SOFTtSU)
                                   synthetic
                                   dilution
                                   Hater, or
Fluoroklli
                     Salao
                     qairdnerl
BCF*
and
BS*
                                                      1.S90  (T2)
                                                                      for son*
                                                                      species
8*tCt«tft
hard (HHI
or
SOFT(SW)
synthetic
dilution
•»ter, or
seaitater
        One hundred sixty-four
pesticides, Hettlnq aqents, and
Miscellaneous Hater pollutants showed a
Hide ranqe of toxiclty spanning 12 orders
of Magnitude.  Knowing the toxicity and
percentage of all conoonents of a
formulation did not result In easy
predictability of the toxlclty of a
Mixture of Materials.  Sonetlnes
pesticides Here Most toxic In hard water
and sOMetlMes the opposite Has true.
Testing the actual Material as sold Has
found to be essential.

       save as above
                                                     Alabaster
                                                     (1969),
                                          Alabaster
                                          (1969),

-------
ro
VJI
o
Conoouni)


Fluorofcllt









Fellzoll

Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Orqanise Study Location Ppn or Noted Comments
for some
species
Platessa BCFA — 1,200 (TZ> a».c,e,f.
vulgar Is and hard   pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969!,
or soft    miscellaneous water pollutants showed a   AHIC-S<>?S

-------
         Formaldehyde
                              Salvo trutta
                                            BCFA
                                            and
                                            BSA
                                                               90
ro
Ml
         Formaldehyde
                              Crangon
                              eranqon
                                            8SA   —
                                                               330-1000 (T2>
         Formaldehyde
                              Plstlcthys
                              f I esus
                                            BS»   —
                                                               100-330  (T2)
                 (SW)  ayn-  wide ranqe  of  toxlcltv spanning 12  orders
                 thetic     of  maorltude.  Knowing the  toxlclty  and
                 dilution  percentage  of  all  components  of a
                 water,  or  formulation  did not result  In easy
                 seawater  predictability of  the toxlclty of a
                 tor some  mixture of  materials.  Sometimes
                 speclea    pesticides  Mere most toxic  In hard  Mater
                           and sometimes  the  opposite  was true.
                           Testing the  actual material as sold  was
                           found  to be  essential.

                                  sane  as above
                a*,cte,f,
                hard  (HH)
                or soft
                (SH)synthe
                tic
                dilution
                water, or
                seawater
                for some
                species

                ai>(contln-         One hundred-forty surface active
                uous eer-  agents, solvent emulsltiers, pesticides,
                atlon, sea-DO'vch'orlnated blphenyls. Pure
                water, ftnd Inorqanlc. and organic chenlcals were
                dally      evaluated aqalnst as many as ten marine
                solution   organisms.  The authors noted that most
                renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                           toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
                           organisms.
                a*(contin-
                uous aer-
                ation, sea-
                water, and
                dally
                solution
                renewal)
                                                                                                 same as above
                                           Alabaster
                                           (1969).
                                           AHIC-51.25
                                          Portrann, et
                                          al  (1471),
                                          ANIC-7701
                                          Portaann, et
                                          al  (1971),
                                          AHIC-7701
         Formal In
                              Sal no
                              galrdnerl

200-1.00 (SB.
*-6 hr)
        Caudal arterial blood samples
were taken at selected time  Intervals
evaluated for acid-base balance and for
gill. Kidney, and  liver function by
measuring 0? consumption, total CO?,
HC03, Cl(minus), Ca(Z plus), blllrubln,
whole blood pH, and Vitamin C depletion.
Formal In treatments seemed to be a more
severe stress to rainbow gelscff ofele
data and discussion are presented.
    Hede»eyer
and (197l),AHIC-
    3287

-------
ro
\J1
IU
Toxlclty. Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient. Controlled
Compound Organise Study Location Ppm or Noted Comments
Formalin Oncorhynchus L —
klsutch
foff9l in Tracblnotus BSA —
enrol Inus
(Juvenile)








Fora* 1 In Roccus BSA —
saxatllls
(f Inqerl Ings)

Formic acid Care Inus BSA —
•aenas
200-400 (SB, f
4-6 hrl

and
•ul fate.
sodium,
calcium.
potassium.
Bagnesium,
carbonate.
bicarbon-
ate.
salinity
18 (T4I a»,e,dfa.
f,p, and
Iron

80-90 IT2I a*(contln-
uous aer-
same as above

In this study of pompano salinity
MBS controlled at 10, ?0, and 30 ppt and
investigated as a variable. Acrltlavln,
formalin, and potassium permanganate Mere
slightly more toxic at the highest
salinity, while copoer sulfate was
slightly less toxic. These compounds are
used as prophylactic bacterial
treatments. All appeared to he
reasonably safe to use excepte possibly
potassium permanganate.
Striped bass finger linos were
apparently much more sensitive to
therapeutic and herblcldal compounds than
•any freshwater fish.
Pne hundred-forty surface active
agents, solvent emulslfiers, pesticides.
atlon, aaa-oolychlorinated blphenyls, pure






wator, and
daily
solution
renewal )


Inorganic, and organic chewlcals Mere
evaluated against as many as ten marine
organisms. The authors noted that most *
published data of this type deal with
toxlclty of chemicals to freshwater
organisms.
Reference
Wedemever
(1071), AMIC-
B l^dsonQf »jt
al (1971),
AMIC-5570








Mel Iborn
(1969),
AMIC-S7?3

Portmann, et
al (1971),
AMIC-7701






          Formothlon
                               Puntlus tlcto --
                                                                0.16S ITt)
          Fervothlon
                               Rasbora
                               heteromorph*
BCFA
and
BSA
                                                                l.Z (TZ)
a,c,d,e,f          Of the pesticides Investigated,   Bhatla
           the most toxic was Klofos followed in     11971),A1IC
           deereaslng order by Sumlthlon, Malathion, S*?J
           Formithion, Olmecron, Sevln, and BHC. The
           author cites the need for more selective
           pesticides nontoxic to fish or
           antagonistic agents for reducing fish
           toxlclty.

a*,Cte,f,          One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
hard (HW)  pesticides, wetting agents, and           (1969),
or soft    miscellaneous Mater pollutants showed a   AMIC-5*?S
(SU) syn-  Hide range of toxlclty spanning iz orders
tfaotlc     of magnitude.•  Knowing the toxiclty and

-------
 Furfural
 •.asbora       BCFA  —
 heteromorpha  and
               8S»
                                                       23 (T2>
to
^jj       f»0m
                     Steel head
                     trout
                     (fingerlIngs)
                                   BS»
                                                       65.0  (T«O
F.O. 300-B
Camlen CM
Coho aalnon   B3A
(fingerllnga) in
              altu

Cardtun edule 8S»
Hood Canal,
Hoodaport,
                                                      fc.O (K)
                                                       33-100  (T2)
Cam! en CM
                     PandaI us
                     montagal
                                   BS»
                                                       10-33  IT2I
                                                                       dilution
                                                                       water, or
                                                                       seawater
                                                                       for some
                                                                       species
                              a.«,c,e,f,
                              hard (HW>
                              or soft
                              (SM) syn-
                              thetic
                              dilution
                              water, or
                              seawater
                              for aona
                              •peolea
                                                                                           percentage of all conoonents of a
                                                                                           formulation did not result In easy
                                                                                           predictability of the toxlclty of a
                                                                                           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                                                                                           pesticides Here most toxic In hard Mater
                                                                                           an<1 sometimes the opposite Has true.
                                                                                           Testing the actual material as sold xas
                                                                                           found to be essential.

                                                                                                   One hundred sixty-four            Alabaster
                                                                                           pestlcidesi netting agents! and           (19691,
                                                                                           miscellaneous nater pollutants showed a   *niC-5l»25
                                                                                           Hide range of toxiclty spanning 1? orders
                                                                                           of magnitude.  Knowing the toxlclty and
                                                                                           percentage of all comoonents of a
                                                                                           formulation did not result In easy
                                                                                           predictability of the toxiclty of a
                                                                                           mixture of materials.  Sometimes
                                                                                           pesticides were most toxic In hard Hater
                                                                                           and soiretlmes the opposite H«S true.
                                                                                           Testing the actual material as sold was
                                                                                           found to be essential.
                                                                     Evaluation of  11  oil  dlsoersants
                                                             resulted In a ranKlng  for each and a
                                                             recommendation for use according to the
                                                             ranklnq.  Ranking Has  based on toxiclty
                                                             and  oil  dispersal effectiveness.  Corexlt
                                                             77fiit appeared to have  the least toxlclty
                                                             with fair to good oil  dispersion
                                                             capability.

                                                                   MM *• above
                                                                                   Tracy, et al
                                                                                   (19691,
                                                                                   »«.IC-383«.
                                                  •*(contln-          un*  hundred-forty surface active
                                                  uous eer-   agents,  solvent enulslfiers,  pesticides,
                                                  atlon,  sea-POlychlorlnated blphenyls,  pure
                                                  water,  and  Inorganic, and organic chemicals were
                                                  daily       evaluated against as many as  ten marine
                                                  solution    organisms.   The authors  noted that most
                                                  renewal)    published data of this type deal with
                                                             toxlclty of  chemicals to freshwater
                                                             organisms.

                                                  «»(contln-        s»»e  as above
                                                  uoua aer-
                                                  ation,  sea-
                                                  water,  and
                                                  daily
                                                  solution
                                                                                                                                     Trmcy, et al
                                                                                                                                     (1969J.
                                                                                                                                     AKIC-3&3U.

                                                                                                                                     Portmann, et
                                                                                                                                     al C1971>,
                                                                                                                                     AHIC-7701
                                                                                   Portmann,  et
                                                                                   al  (1971),
                                                                                   A1IC-7701

-------
£
Coaoound

Gael en 0




Gael en 0





Caelen 0






Gael en OVt






Caelen OS*




Toxlclty, Experimental
Active Variables,
Field Field Ingredient, Controlled
Organise Study Location Pom or Noted Consents
renewal )
Cardlua edule BSA — 33 CTZ) a«(contin- sane as above
uous aer-
ation, sea-
water, and
doily
solution
renewal)
Cra no on BSA — 10 CT2I M.f „«•«.«„ *»•• »« above
cranqon * * contin-
uous aer-
ation, sea
water, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Panda 1 us BSA — 10 IT?) a*(contin- *»•* »« above
•ontaqul UOU3 aer_
ation, sea-
wcter, and
daily
solution
renewal )
Carclnus BSA — 10-33 IT?) a,«(contin- saae as above
ram as uous aer-
ation, soa-
wcter, and
daily
•olutlon
renewal)
Cardlu* edule BSA — 10-33 IT?) a«(contln- sa»e as above
uous a or-
ation, sea-
water, and
daily
Reference

Portnann, et
al (19711,
ANIC-7701




Port»ann, et
al (1971),
1MIC-7701




Port«ann, et
al
(197H,AHIC-
7701



Portnann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701




Portnann, et
al (1971),
AHIC-7701



-------
                                                                                solution
                                                                                renewal)
         Gaalcn OS*
                               Cranqon
                               cranqon