&EPA
              United States
              Environmental Protection
              Agency
              Office of Water
              Regulations and Standards
              Washington, D.C. 20460
July 1980
              Water
Cadmium
             Water Quality Standards
             Criteria Digest
             A Compilation
             of State/Federal Criteria

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               NATIONAL SUMMARY
                      OF
        STATE WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

                   CADMIUM

                   JULY, 1980


                 PREPARED FOR
UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
        CRITERIA AND STANDARDS DIVISION
               401 M  STREET, S. W.
             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20460
                  PREPARED BY
       NALESNIK ASSOCIATES INCORPORATED
            505 ELEVENTH STREET, S. E.
             WASHINGTON, D. C. 20003
                               Contract Number   68-01-6058
                               Project Number    WA-80-A055

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Introduction

This digest was compiled to provide general information to the public as well as
to Federal, State, and local officials.  It contains excerpts from the individual
State-Federal water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for
navigable surface waters.  The water quality standards program is implemented
by the U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency where responsibility for providing
water quality recommendations, approving State-adopted standards for navigable
waters, evaluating  adherence to the standards,  and overseeing enforcement of
standards compliance, has been mandated by Congress.

The  standards  program,  a  nationwide strategy  for  surface  water  quality
management, contains two major elements:  the  use (recreation, drinking  water,
fish  and  wildlife propagation,  industrial, or  agricultural)  to  be made  of  the
navigable water; and criteria to protect these uses.

Water  quality   criteria  (numerical  or  narrative specifications  for  physical,
chemical, temperature, and .biological constituents are  stated  in the July 1976
U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency  publication Quality Criteria for  Water
(QCW), order  # 055-001-01049-4,  price $3.50, available from  the Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C.  The 1976 QCW, commonly referred to as the
"Red Book," is the most current compilation of scientific information used  by the
Agency as a basis  for  assessing water quality.   This publication is subject to
periodic  updating  and  revisions  in light  of  new  scientific  and  technical
information.

Cadmium is an element which has  no biologically essential or beneficial values.
It occurs naturally  as a sulfide salt when  associated with  zinc  and lead ores.
Generally, cadmium  reaches  a river  from  mining and  smelting  operations
however it is also  employed in  the electroplating, textile,  paint and chemical
industries. It has been found to be toxic to both mammals and aquatic life.

The  1976 Quality Criteria for Water recommends the following:

           10 ug/1 (total) for domestic water supply (health) Aquatic Life:

                Freshwater
     soft water            hard water
     0.4 ug/1               1.2 ug/1 for cladocerans & salmonid fishes
     4.0 ug/1              12.0 ug/1 for other, less sensitive, aquatic life.

                Marine
                5.0 ug/1

Since water quality standards  are revised from time to time, following procedures
set   forth in  the Clean Water  Act, individual  entries  in  this  digest  may be
superseded.  This digest will be updated periodically.  Because  this publication is
intended for  use only as  a general information  reference,  the reader needs  to
refer to  the  current approved water  quality  standards  to  obtain  the latest
information for special purposes and applications.  These can be  obtained from the
State water pollution  control agencies or the EPA Regional Offices.

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                         REFERENCES
     California Water Quality Standards by River Basins, c.a. 1975

     For more detailed  information on selected basins, sub-basins
     and stretches of streams and coastal areas refer to California
     State Water Quality Standards.
rj
     Delaware Water Quality Standards, March 25, 1979
Q
     Idaho Water Quality Standards, c.a. September, 1979

     Missouri Water Quality Standards, c.a. February, 1978

     American Samoa Water Quality  Standards,
     Revised July, 1973
p
     Territory of Guam Water Quality Standards, Sept. 1975
/-!
     Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands  Water Quality
     Standards, October 21, 1973
TJ
     Virgin Islands Water Quality Standards, Aug. 1973
ENVIRONMENT REPORTER, The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
Washington, D. C. 20037

1    Pages 701:0501-0509, February 16, 1979

2    Pages 706:1004-1008, July 20, 1979

3    Pages 711-0542-0544, August 5, 1977

4    Pages 716:0603, March  26, 1976

5    Pages 726-:1005, 1011-1013, March 7, 1980

     Basic Water Quality Standards adopted May 22, 1979,
     have not yet been submitted to EPA for formal approval.

6    Pages 731:1002-1009, September 8, 1978

7    Pages 746:1008-1014, October 19, 1979

8    Pages 751:0504-0505, January 25, 1980

9    Pages 765:0512-0515, January 30, 1976

10   Page 761:0503-0504, 1973

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11   Page 766:0504-0509, October 5, 1979

12   Pages 771:0502-0504, September 29, 1978

13   Pages 776:0504-0506, April 10, 1979

14   Pages 781:0501-0502, May 18, 1979

15   Pages 786:0501-0502, August 29, 1975

16   Page 791:0583, May 26, 1978

17   Pages 796:0103-0108, February 16, 1979

18   Pages 801:1001-1002, Sept. 29, 1978

19   Page 806:1003, March 30, 1979
90
     Page 811:1043, 1974

21   Pages 816:0602-0607, 0642-0648, 1974
99
     Pages 821:0502-0505, June 30, 1978
OT.
^   Pages 831:0501-0510, February 21, 1975
94
     Page 836:0502, June 30, 1978
oe
     Pages 841:0507-0537, December 7, 1979
9fi
 D   Pages 846:0501-0508, November 17, 1978
97
     Pages 851:1001-1023, December 15, 1978
9ft
     Pages 856:1001-1002, July 18, 1978
9Q
     Pages 861:1002-1007, August 11, 1979
QO
     Pages 866:1004-1009, December 28, 1979

31   Pages 871:0501-0506, November 25, 1977
00
     Pages 876-1001-1043, May 26, 1978
00
     Pages 881:1001-1007, September 21, 1979
**4
     Pages 886:0513-0524, August 29, 1975
OC
     Pages 891:1001-1129, November 16, 1979

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OC
     Pages 901:0501-0505, November 3, 1978

17
J'   Pages 906:0501:0506, October 13, 1978


38   Pages 911:0501-0507, June 22, 1979

00
Ja   Pages 916:0541-0544, April 14, 1978

An
*u   Pages 921:1001-1003, August 13, 1976


41   Pages 926:0541-0563, January 26, 1979

40
     Pages 931:0501-0508, May 26, 1978

A?
     Pages 936:1001-1003, June 27, 1975


44   Pages .941:1001-1005, May 26, 1978

AC.
     Pages 946:0501-0520, July 14, 1978

4fi
     Pages 951:1002-1003, April 28, 1978


47   Pages 956:1001-1007, January 11, 1980


48   Page 741:1002, November 23, 1979

4Q
43   Pages 896:0301-0310, March 31, 1978

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                                        CADMIUM
State
Alabama
        1.
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Toxic  Substances  narrative:   only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances  as will not render
the  waters  unsafe  or unsuitable as  a
source  of  water  supply  fr linking or
food-processing purposes.,  or injurious to
fish, wildlife and aquatic life.

Toxic  Substances  narrative,!   enly such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substanoas  QP  wastes,  as  will
not:  render  the water unsafe  or  unsuit-
able  for  swimming  and   water-contact
sports;  be  injurious  to fish,  wildlife  and
aquatic life  or, where  applicable,  shrimp
and crabs; impair the waters for any other
usage established for this classification.

Toxic  substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as  will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life, including
shrimp and crabs; exceed one-tenth of the
96-hour median tolerance limit for fish,
aquatic life or shellfish, including shrimp
and crabs.

Toxic  Substances narrative:   Only such
amounts, whether alone or in combination
with other substances, as  will  not:   be
injurious to fish and aquatic life including
shrimp  and  crabs  in  estuarine  or  salt
waters or the propagation  thereof; not to
exceed  one-tenth of the 96-hour  median
tolerance limit  for  fish and  aquatic  life
including  shrimp  and  crabs  in  salt  and
estuarine   waters   except   that   other
limiting concentrations may be used when
factually justified  and approved  by  the
Commission.

Only such amounts as will not render the
waters unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing, industrial process  water supply pur-
poses, and fish survival, aor interfere with
downstream uses.
Designated Stream Use

All

Public water supply
                                                                 Swimming and other whole
                                                                 body water-contact sports
                                                                 Shellfish harvesting
                                                                 Fish and wildlife
                                                                 Agricultural, and industrial
                                                                 water supply
                                          -1-

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State

Alabama
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

Only such  amounts as will not render the
waters  unsuitable  for  industrial cooling
and industrial process  water supply pur-
poses,   nor interfere  with  downstream
water uses.

Only such  amounts as will not render the
waters  unsuitable for agricultural irriga-
tion, livestock watering, industrial cool-
ing, and industrial process  water supply
purposes,  where  applicable  nor  interfere
with downstream water use.
Designated Stream Use

Industrial operations
                                                                 Navigation
Alaska
      2.
Not specified

Toxic  substances  narrative:   shall  not
exceed Alaska Drinking Water Standards
or EPA Quality Criteria for Water.
                   Toxic substances narrative:   same as I.
                   (A) (i) where contact with a product des-
                   tined for subsequent human  consumption
                   is present.   Same  as  L (C)  or  FWPCA
                   Water Quality  Criteria as applicable to
                   substances  for  stockwaters.   Concentra-
                   tions  for   irrigation  waters  shall  not
                   exceed FWPCA Water Quality Criteria or
                   WQC 1972.

                   Toxic substances narrative:   shall not
                   individually or  in combination exceed 0.01
                   times the lowest  measured 96-hour LC
                   for life stages  of species identified  by  the
                   department as being the most sensivtive,
                   biologically important to the situation or
                   exceed  criteria cited  in EPA  Quality
                   Criteria for  Water  or Alaska  Drinking
                   Water Standards whichever concentration
                   is less.

                   Toxic substances narrative:   substances
                   shall not be present  which pose hazards to
                   worker contact.
All

L  Fresh water
   (A)  water supply
        (i) drinking, culinary
and food processing

        (ii) agriculture, includ-
ing irrigation  and stock
watering
                                                     (iii) aquaculture
                                                     (iv) industrial, includ-
                                             ing any water supplies used
                                             in association with a manu-
                                             facturing  or  production
                                             enterprise other than food
                                             processing),   including
                                             mining,  placer  mining,
                                             energy production or deve-
                                             lopment
                                          -2-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
(i.)
   (B) water recreation
       (i) contact recrea-
       tion.
                   Toxic  substances narrative:  substances
                   shall not be present which pose hazards  to
                   incidental human contact.

                   Toxic substances narrative:   shall not in-
                   dividually or in combination  exceed  0.01
                   times the lowest measured 96 hour LC
                   for life stages of species identified by tfie
                   department as being the most sensitive,
                   biologically important to the location,  or
                   exceed  criteria cited in EPA  Quality  Cri-
                   teria for Water or Alaska Drinking Water
                   Standards whichever concentration is less.

                   Toxic substances narrative: same as I. (A)
                   (iii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed EPA Quality Criteria for  Water as
                   applicable to the substance.

                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (A) (iv).
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  same as II.
                   Toxic substances narrative:  same as I. (B)
                   (ii).
                   Toxic substances narrative:
                   same as I. (C).
                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                     recreation
                                                 (C)  growth  and propa-
                                             gation  of  fish, shellfish,
                                             other  aquatic  life,  and
                                             wildlife including  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                             n.Marine water
                                                 (A) water supply
                                                  (i) aquaculture

                                                  (ii) seafood processing
                                                 (iii) industrial, including
                                             any  water  supplies  used
                                             in   association   with   a
                                             manufacturing or production
                                             enterprise   (other    than
                                             food  processing)  including
                                             mining,    placer   mining,
                                             energy    production    or
                                             development

                                                 (B) water recreation

                                                     (i) contact
                                                     recreation

                                                     (ii) secondary
                                                        recreation

                                                 (C)  growth  and  propa-
                                             gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
                                             aquatic  life, and wildlife
                                             including sea birds,  water-
                                             fowl and furbearers
                                          -3-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Alaska
  (con't)
Toxic substances narrativersame as I. (C)
but    excluding    the    phrase    "or
Alaska Drinking Water Standards."
    (D) harvesting for con-
sumption of raw  mollusks
or other  raw aquatic life
Arizona*
.01
Arkansas
California
Toxic  substances narrative:   Toxic sub-
stances shall  be  kept below levels which
are deleterious to human, animal, plant or
aquatic life,  or in amounts sufficient to
interfere  with the beneficial  use of the
water.  As a  minimum evaluation  for the
presence  of  toxic  substances,  a  water
shall  be evaluated by use of a 96-hour
bioassay,  guided by  the document Stan-
dard Methods for the Examination of Wa-
ter and Waste water.   The survival of the
test organisms shall not be less than that
in controls  which utilize appropriate ex-
perimental water.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  Toxic mate-
rials attributable to municipal, industrial,
 agricultural, or other waste  discharges,
shall not be present in receiving waters in
such quanitities as to be toxic to  human,
animal, plant  or  aquatic life or  to inter-
fere with the  normal  propagation of aqua-
tic life.  For any toxicants,  concentra-
tions in the receiving waters after mixing
shall not exceed 0.01  of the 96-hour TL  ,
                                     m
unless  they   can  be  shown  to  be  non-
persistant  and   noncumulative,   and  to
exhibit  no  synergistic interactions  with
other waste or stream components. In no
case shall concentrations exceed 0.05 of
the 96-hour TL
                                  m
0.1
                    0.05
Domestic, industrial,
recreation, aesthetic,
fish, aquatic life and
wildlife

All
All

All
Domestic Water Supply

Agricultural uses in
Basin 2 only
                                         -4-

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State

California
  (con't)
Coloradov
Criteria Value in mg/1

0.003 - 6-month Median

0.012 - Daily Maximum

0.03 - Instantaneous Maximum

All  waters  shall  be   maintained  free  of
toxic substances  in  concentrations  that
are toxic to, or that  produce detrimental
physiological responses in  human, plant,
animal, or aquatic life.  Compliance  with
this objective will be determined by- use
of   indicator  organisms,   analyses   of
species  diversity,   population   density,
growth anomalies,  bioassays  of  appro-
priate  duration   or   other  appropriate
methods  as  specified by  the  Regional
Board.

The survival of  aquatic life  in surface
waters subjected to a waste discharge, or
other controllable water quality  factors,
shall  not be  less than that for the same
water body  in  areas unaffected  by  the
waste discharge,  or  when  necessary  for
other  control  water  that  is consistent
with  the requirements for  "experimental
water" as described in "Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water and Waste-
water", latest  edition.   As a minimum,
compliance  with  this  objective as stated
in the previous sentence shall be evalu-
ated with a 96-hour bioassay.

In  addition,  effluent  limits  based upon
acute bioassays  of effluents will  be  pre-
scribed  where   appropriate,  additional
numerical receiving water  objectives for
specific  toxicants will be  established  as
sufficient  data  become available,  and
source control of  toxic substances will be
encouraged.

0.0004-0.015 (Depending  on water hard-
ness); or bioassay

0.01
Designated Stream Use

Ocean waters only
                                                                All
Aquatic life
                                                                Domestic water supply,
                                                                agricultural
                                        -5-

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State

Colorado
  (con't)
Connecticut
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances  narrative:  Substances
attributable to human-induced discharges
not  otherwise  controlled   by   permits,
BMP's, or plans  of operation approved by
the Division, shall not be introduced into
the waters of the State...in  amounts, con-
centrations, or combinations  which  are...
toxic to humans, animals, plants, or  aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   Note 4. The
waters shall be free from chemical  cons-
tituents in concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life for the most sensitive and
governing water use  class.   Criteria for
chemical constitutes contained in the -
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered and used as guidance. In areas
where fisheries are the governing conside-
rations and approved  limits  have not been
established, bioassays are  necessary to
establish limits  on toxic substances, the
recommendations for bioassay procedures
contained  in "Standard  Methods for the
Examination  of Water  and Waste water"
and  the application  factors contained, in
Quality Criteria for Water (EPA) shall be
considered.   For  public drinking   water
supplies, the raw  water  sources must be
of such  a  quality  that EPA  limits as
defined by the Safe  Drinking Water Act
(PL 93-523), or state limits  if more  strin-
gent, for finished water can be  met after
conventional treatment.

Toxic substances narrative:   None in con-
centrations or combinations which would
be harmful to human, animal or aquatic
life or which would make the waters un-
safe  or unsuitable for fish or shellfish or
their propagation or impair the waters for
any other uses. (See Note 4. above).
Designated Stream Use

All
All

All
                                                                Coastal and marine
                                                                water uses
                                         -6-

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State
Delaware
         B
Florida
       8
Georgia
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  None in con-
centrations  harmful  (synergistically  or
otherwise) to  humans, fish, wildlife  and
aquatic  life  as  presecribed  by   EPA's
Quality Criteria for Water, 1976.

0.0008 (up to 150 mg/1 CaCCL hardness)
0.0012 (over 150 mg/1 CaCO3 hardness)
                   0.005

                   0.005
Minimum  criteria  for  all waters at all
times at all places:  shall be free from
domestic, industrial, agricultural, or other
man-induced non-thermal  components  of
discharges  which, alone or in combination
with  other  components  of  discharges
(whether  thermal  or  non-thermal)  are
acutely toxic; or are present  in  concen-
trations  which  are carcinogenic, muta-
genic,  or teratogenic to human beings or
to significant locally  occurring,  wildlife
or aquatic  species;  or pose a serious dan-
ger to the public  health,  safety,  or wel-
fare.

General  criteria   for  toxic   substances
(applied  to  all surface   waters   except
within zones of mixing): substances  in
concentrations which injure,  are  chroni-
cally toxic to, or produce  adverse physio-
logical or behavioral response  in humans,
animals, or plants - none shall be present.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  No  material
or substance in such concentration that,
after   treatment,   would exceed   the
requirements of the  Environmental  Pro-
tection Division and the latest edition of
the Federal Drinking Water Standards.
Designated Stream Use

All

All
Potable    water   supply;
recreation;     propagation
and  management  of  fish
and    wildlife    (surface
waters)

Shellfish propagation

Recreation,    propagation
and  management  of  fish
and    wildlife     (marine
waters)

All
                                                                All
All
                                                                Drinking water supplies
                                         -7-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Georgia
  (con't)
Hawaii
Idaho
     10
Toxic wastes  narrative:  None in concen-
trations  that  would harm  man,  fish  and
game or other beneficial aquatic life.
Toxic substance narrative:  None in con-
centrations  that  would  prevent   fish
survival.

Toxic  substances  narrative:   Free from
toxic substances discharged from munici-
palities, industries  or other  sources in
amounts, concentrations  or combinations
which  are  harmful to  humans, animals or
aquatic life.

Not specif ied-

Toxic  substances  narrative:   All  waters
shall be free of substances attributable to
domestic, industrial, or other  controllable
sources as follows:   toxic  substances at
levels  or  combinations  sufficient to  be
toxic or harmful  to  human, animal, plant
or aquatic  life or in amounts sufficient to
interfere with any beneficial  use  of  the
water.  As a  minimum, evaluation by use
of a  96-hour  bioassay described  in  the
most  recent edition of Standard Methods
for the Examination of Water  and  Waste-
water shall be conducted. Survival of  test
organisms  shall not  be less than that in
controls which utilize  appropriate experi-
mental water.

Not specified

0.01

The following general  water quality stan-
dards will  apply  to  waters  of the State,
both surface and underground, in addition
to the  water  quality standards set forth
for specifically classified waters. Manual
Sections 1-2200.04 1-2200.06 will, how-
ever, apply only to surface waters. As a
result  of  man-caused point  or  nonpoint
source  discharge,  waters  of the  State
must not contain:  (1-30-80)
Recreation; fishing, propa-
gation  of  fish,  shellfish,
game  and  other  aquatic
life
                                                                 Agricultural:
                                                                 navigation
                                                                 All
                industrial;
All

All
All
                                                                 Domestic Water Supplies
                                         -8-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
               Designated Stream Use
Idaho
  (con't)
.01  Hazardous   Materials.
Hazardous
niinois11
Indiana
       12
materials (see  Manual Section 1-2003.17)
in concentrations found  to  be of public
health significance or to  adversely affect
designated or protected beneficial uses.
(1-30-80)

.02  Deleterious   Materials:  Deleterious
materials (see  Manual Section 1-2003.06)
in concentrations that impair designated
or protected beneficial uses without being
hazardous.
(1-30-80)

0.05

0.01 Lake Michigan and contiguous harbor
areas
                   Waters shall meet the following standard
                   at any point at which  water is withdrawn:
                   water shall be of  such quality that with
                   treatment consisting of coagulation, sedi-
                   mentation,  filtration,  storage and chlori-
                   nation, or other equivalent treatment pro-
                   cesses, the  treated water shall meet in all
                   respects 0.01 (Raw and Treated)

                   0.15
Toxic  substances  narrative:    Freedom
from  matter in  concentrations or  combi-
nations toxic  to  human, animal, plant or
aquatic life of other than  national origin.
Any substance toxic to  aquatic life shall
not exceed 0.1  of the 96-hour TLm for
native  fish  or   essential   fish   food
organisms.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: free from sub
stances attributable to  municipal,  indus-
trial,  agricultural,  and  other land  use
practices  or other discharges which are in
               All

               Whole body contact, aqua-
               tic life,  domestic   water
               supply,   and    industrial
               water supply

               Public and food processing
               water supply
               Secondary   contact
               indigenous aquatic life

               All
                                                                    and
               All

               All
                                          -9-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Indiana
  (con't)
Iowa
    13
amounts sufficient  to be toxic to humans,
animals, aquatic life  or  plants.    As  a
guideline, toxic substances should be  li-
mited  to the 96-hour median lethal  con-
centration  (LC50) for biota significant to
the indigenous aquatic community.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not ex-
ceed  0.1  of the 96-hour  median lethal
concentration  for  important  indigenous
aquatic species.  More  stringent applica-
tion factors shall be used  when justified.
Concentrations  of  organic contaminants
which  can be demonstrated  to be  persis-
tent,  to have  a tendency to  bioconcen-
trate in the aquatic biota, and are likely
to  be   toxic on the basis  of available
scientific evidence, shall  be  limited  as
determined by the Board.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not  be
present after conventional treatment in
such levels  as  to prevent  meeting the
Drinking Water  Standards  adopted by the
Indiana State Board of  Health or  by the
Indiana    Environmental    Management
Board.
0.1
                    0.0012
                    Toxic substances narrative: All waters, at
                    all times, at all places shall be free from
                    substances  attributable   to   waste water
                    discharges  or agricultural  practices in
                    concentrations or combinations which are
                    toxic  or  harmful  to  human,  animal, or
                    plant life.

                    Toxic  substances  narrative:    all sub-
                    stances  toxic  or  detrimental  to aquatic
                    life shall be limited  to non-toxic or non-
                    detrimental   concentrations   in  surface
                    waters.
                                                                 Aquatic life; fish
                                                                 Potable supply
Wildlife, fish, aquatic and
semiaquatic life, secondary
contact Potable water
supply

Wildlife,  fish,   aquatic,  and
semiaquatic  life,  secondary
contact (cold water only)

All
                                             Wildlife, fish,  aquatic  and
                                             semiaquatic life and secon-
                                             dary contact
                                          -10-

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State

Iowa
  (con't)
Kansas
       14
Kentucky
         15
Louisiana
         16
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative: all substances
toxic to humans shall be limited to non-
toxic concentrations.

Not specified

General  criteria:    the  individual  and
cumulative effect of waste discharges to
waters  shall be  guided  by both the  pri-
mary and secondary drinking  water regu-
lations (40 CFR 141) and EPA criteria for
water  quality.    Pollutional  substances
contributed by man-made sources shall be
controlled  so  that  all  waters  are  free
from  public  health hazards  or  nuisance
conditions at all times.

Toxic  substances narrative:  Toxic  sub-
stances or  toxic synergistic  effects of
substances from man-made sources  shall
be limited  to  concentrations  in the re-
ceiving water that will not be harmful to
animal, plant or aquatic life.

0.004 (soft water)
0.012 (hard water)

Surface waters  shall not be aesthetically
or otherwise degraded by substances that
injure,  be  toxic  to  or  produce adverse
physiological or behavioral  responses in
humans, fish, shellfish, and aquatic life.

The  allowable  instream  concentration of
toxic  substances,   including   pesticides,
shall  not  exceed  0.01  of  the  96-hour
median lethal concentration (LC) or 0.1
                   of the 96-hour LC 5Q  for noncumulative
                   and nonpersistent toxic materials using a
representative
organism.

Not specified
                                      indigenous    /aquatic
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  free  from
                   such concentrations of  substances attri-
                   butable  to  waste  water or  other  dis-
                   charges sufficient to injure or are toxic or
                   produce  adverse  physiological response in
                   humans,  animals, fish,  shellfish, wildlife,
                   or plants.
Designated Stream Use

Potable water supply



All

All
                                                                All
Warmwater Aquatic habitat
                                                                 All
                                                                Warmwater aquatic
                                                                habitat
All

All
                                         -11-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Louisiana
  (con't)
      1 7
Maine
Maryland
         18
Massachusetts
             19
Shall not  be  present in quantities  that
alone or in combination will be toxic to
animal or plant life.  In all cases the level
shall not exceed the TLm 96/10.  Bioassay
techniques will be used in evaluating toxi-
city utilizing methods and species of test
organisms suitable to the purpose at hand.

Toxic  substances shall not  exceed  the
levels established by the USPHS drinking
water standards latest edition.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: no waste sub-
stances containing chemical  constituents
which would be harmful to  humans, ani-
mal or aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:   at  all times
free from toxic substances attributable to
sewage,  industrial waste, or  other waste
in concentrations or combinations which
are  harmful to human, animal, plant or
aquatic life.

Not specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
pollutants  in concentrations or combina-
tions that  are toxic to humans or aquatic
life.

For  each class, the most sensitive benefi-
cial uses are identified and minimum  cri-
teria for   water  quality  in  the  water
column  are established.   The minimum
criteria in  Reg.  3.4 have been developed
by applying the criteria contained in  the
EPA  publication   Quality   Criteria   for
Water (EPA-440/9-76-023) to account for
local conditions including, but not limited
to:

(a)   The characteristics of the biological
community
Public water supply



All

All
All

All
All

All
                                       -12-

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State

Massachusetts
  (con't)
Michigan
        20
Criteria Value in mg/1

(b)     Temperature,  weather  and  flow
characteristics,  and

(c)   Synergistic  and  antagonistic effects
of combinations  of  pollutants.

The Division will use the EPA publication
entitled  Quality  Criteria   for   Water,
EPA-440/9-76-023  as guidance in establi-
shing  case-by-case discharge  limits  for
pollutants not specifically listed in these
standards but included  under the  heading
"Other  Constituents" in Regulation  3.4,
for   identifying   bioassay    application
factors and for  interpretations of narra-
tive  criteria.   Where the  minimum  cri-
teria  specifically listed by  a Division in
this part  differ  from those contained in
the federal  criteria,  the provisions of the
specifically listed  criteria in these stan-
dards shall apply.

Not Specified.

Toxic substances narrative: (1) toxicity of
undefined toxic  substances not included in
(2) and (3)  below shall be determined by
development of  96-hour TLm's or other
appropriate effect  end  points obtained by
continuous-flow  or  in situ bioassays using
suitable test organisms.  Shall not exceed
safe  concentrations  as determined by
applying an  application factor, based on
knowledge of behavior of toxic substances
and  organisms  to  be  protected,  to  the
TLm  or other  appropriate  effect end
point.

(2)  defined  toxic  substances  shall be
limited by  application  of recommenda-
tions  contained  in  the  chapter on Fresh-
water Organisms, Report of  the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC, 1968, or
by application of any toxic effluent stan-
dard,  limitation or  prohibition  promul-
gated by  EPA pursuant to section  307(a)
of PL92-500, whichever is more  restric-
tive.
Designated Stream Use
All

All
                                                                 All
                                          -13-

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State

Michigan
  (con't)
Minnesota
          21
Mississippi
         .22
Missouri
       .D
Montana
         23
Criteria Value in mg/1

(3) shall not exceed the permissible inor-
ganic  chemicals criteria for  raw public
water  supply  in Report of the NTAC to
Secretary of the Interior, WQC, 1968.

0.01

96-hour TLm  for indigenous fish and  fish
food organisms should not be  exceeded at
any point in the mixing zone.

Toxic  substances  narrative:  none at le-
vels acutely  toxic  to humans or  other
animals or  plant life.

Toxic substances narrative: none at levels
harmful either directly or indirectly.

0.01

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
substances attributable  to  municipal, in-
dustrial, agricultural  or other discharges
in concentrations or  combinations which
are  toxic  to  humans,  animal or  other
aquatic life.

Toxic  substances narrative:  the  concen-
tration of  toxic pollutants shall  not  ex-
ceed  0.1 of the 96-hour  TLm based on
available data.

0.012

0.01
0.0012

All waters, at all times shall be free from
substances  or  conditions  that  have  a
harmful  effect  on  human,  animal,  or
aquatic life.

Not completely specified
Designated Stream Use

Public water supply




Domestic (All Classes)

All



All
Agriculture and Wildlife
(Class B)

Public Water Supply

All
                                                                 Shellfish Harvesting
                                                                 Recreation, fish and
                                                                 wildlife.
Aquatic life

Irrigation, drinking
water supply

Coldwater fishery
All
                                           -14-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
10 ug/1  (total)  Average  Daily  concen-
tration? 10 ug/1  (total) Maximum Instant-
aneous Concentration
Metal  limits for the  Clark
Fork River (mainstem) from
the  confluence  of   Warm
Springs Creek to the conflu-
ence    with    Cottonwood
Creek
                   10  ug/1  (total) Average Daily  Concen-
                   tration; 10 ug/1 (total) Maximum instant-
                   aneous Concentration
                                             Metal limits for Clark Fork
                                             River (mainstem)  from the
                                             confluence of  Cottonwood
                                             Creek  to the  Idaho State
                                             line
                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   free  from
                   substances attributable to municipal,  in-
                   dustrial,  agricultural practices or  other
                   discharges that will create concentrations
                   or combinations of  materials  which are
                   toxic  to human, animal, plant  or  aquatic
                   life.

                   Toxic substances narrative:  no increases
                   above  naturally occuring  concentrations
                   are allowed.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   concentra-
                   tions of toxic substances after treatment
                   for domestic use  are  not  to exceed re-
                   commended limits  in latest EPA drinking
                   water standards; maximum allowable con-
                   centrations  are  to be  less than acute or
                   chronic problem levels as  revealed  by
                   bioassay or other methods.

                   Concentrations of  toxic or other  delete-
                   rious  substances, pesticides  and  organic
                   and inorganic materials including heavy
                   metals, are not to  exceed levels known or
                   demonstrated to be of public health signi-
                   ficance; also maximum  allowable concen-
                   trations are to be  less than  acute  or
                   chronic problem  levels as  revealed  by
                   bioassay or other methods.

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:  Concentra-
                   tions  of toxic or  deleterious substances,
                                             All
                                             Water supply (Class
                                             A-Closed)
                                             Water supply (classes
                                             A-Open-D,, B-D1,
                                             B-D0  " ~ x
                                             Fish, aquatic life, wildlife,
                                             agriculture, industrial, recrea-
                                             tion in and on the water
(classes C-
                                                           C-D2)
                                             Agricultural and industrial
                                             (other than food processing)
                                         -15-

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State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Montana
  (con't)
Nebraska
         24
Nevada
       25
pesticides   and  organic  and  inorganic
materials including heavy metals, are to
be  less  than those demonstrated to  be
deleterious  to livestock  or plants  or their
subsequent  consumption by humans or to
adversely affect other indicated uses.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none  alone or
in combination  with  other substances or
wastes  in  concentrations  rendering, the
receiving water unsafe  or  unsuitable for
the assigned beneficial uses.

Not Specified

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
toxic substances attributable  to domestic
or  industrial waste or other  controllable
sources at  levels or  combinations suffi-
cient to  be  toxic to human, animal, plant
or  aquatic  life.   The presence  of toxic
materials in a water shall be evaluated by
use of a  96-hour bioassay.  Survival of
test organisms  shall not be less than that
in control tests which utilize appropriate
control water.   Failure to determine pre-
sence of toxic materials by these methods
shall not preclude determination of exces-
sive levels of toxic materials  on the basis
of other criteria or methods.  No wastes
from  municipal or industrial or other con-
trollable  sources  containing   arsenic,
barium, boron,  cadmium, chromium,  cya-
nide,  fluoride,  lead  selenium,   silver,
copper  and zinc  that  are  reasonably
amenable to treatment or control will be
discharged untreated  or  uncontrolled into
the  waters  of  Nevada.   In addition, the
limits for concentrations of the chemical
constituents will provide  water  quality
consistant  with  the  mandatory   require-
ments of the 1962 Public Health Service
Drinking Water Standards.
All

All
All

All
                                         -16-

-------
State

Nevada
  (con't)
Criteria Value in mg/1

None (zero)
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will not render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish or wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will not render receiving wa-
                    ters injurious to fish and wildlife.
                    Toxic substances  narrative:   only  such
                    amounts as will  not impair receiving wa-
                    ters for uses of this class.
              .26
New Hampshire     Not specified
                    Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
                    from chemicals inimical to fish life or the
                    maintenance of fish life

                    Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                    tially toxic substances  unless  naturally
                    occurring.

                    Toxic substances  narrative:   no  poten-
                    tially toxic substances in toxic concen-
                    trations or combinations.
Designated Stream Use

Drinking    water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection only) suitable  for
aquatic life  habitat,  wild-
life  propagation,  agricul-
tural,  recreation,  boating,
esthetics

Drinking    water   supply
(with treatment by  disin-
fection and filtration only),
agricultural,  aquatic  life
and  wildlife propagation,
recreation,   industrial  and
esthetics

Drinking    water   supply
(following  complete  treat-
ment),  agricultural,  aqua-
tic  life,   wildlife  propa-
gation,   recreation,   and
industrial

Boating   and   esthetics,
aquatic  life,  agricultural
and  industrial (except  for
food processing purposes)

All

Fish life or the  mainte-
nance of fish life
                                              Water supply
                                              All except water supply
                    Bioassay   procedures   and   application
                    factors used in establishing limits on toxic
                    substances shall, as a minimum, be no less
                    rigorous  than the  recommendations  for
                                         -17-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
New Hampshire
  (con't)
New Jersey
           27
bioassays  and application  factors  con-
tained in the National Technical Advisory
Committee's report to  the Secretary  of
the   Interior  on   WATER    QUALITY
CRITERIA,  April  1,  1968  or  latest revi-
sion thereof.

0.01

Toxic substances narrative: shall not ex-
ceed  l/20th  of  the TL50 value  at  96
hours.  Combinations of toxic substances
will be based on the same principle.

Toxic substances narrative: a concentra-
tion of a  persistent pesticide shall not
exceed  1/100 of the TL50 at  96 hours  as
determined by appropriate bioassay.

Toxic substances narrative: no man-made
wastewater  discharges.
                   Toxic substances  narrative:  none,  either
                   alone or in  combination with other sub-
                   stances, in  concentrations  as  to  affect
                   humans or be detrimental  to the natural
                   aquatic biota or to other designated uses.
                   None  which would cause drinking  water
                   standards  to be  exceeded  after   appro-
                   priate treatment.
                    Toxic substances narrative:  none  either
                    alone or  in  combination with other sub-
                    stances;  in  concentrations  as  to  affect
                    humans or be detrimental to the natural
                    aquatic biota or to other designated  uses.
All

All
                                                                 All
Maintenance  of   natural
state quality  (Class  FW-1
waters designated  to be set
aside for posterity  to  re-
present the  natural aquatic
environment and  its  asso-
ciated biota)

Public water  supply (after
treatment);  propagation of
natural biota; primary con-
tact recreation;  industrial
and agricultural water sup-
ply;   shellfish  harvesting;
secondary contact recrea-
tion;  migration of anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses

Propagation of natural bio-
ta;  primary and secondary
contact  recreation; indus-
trial and agricultural water
supply;  shellfish  harvest-
ing;  migration of  anadro-
mous fish; maintenance of
wildlife; other  reasonable
uses
                                          -18-

-------
State
New Mexico
           28
New York
         29
North Carolina
              30
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not be
present  in  concentrations   which   will
change  the ecology of receiving waters to
an extent  detrimental to man  or  other
organisms  of direct or indirect  commer-
cial, recreational or esthetic value.  Toxi-
cities of  substances in receiving waters
will  be determined by appropriate  bio-
assay  techniques,  or  other  acceptable
means,  for the  particular form of aquatic
life  which is  to  be preserved  with  the
concentrations  of toxic materials not to
exceed  5  percent  of  the 96-hour  LD50
provided that:    toxic  substances which,
through uptake in the aquatic food chain
and/or storage  in plant and animal tissues,
can be magnified to levels which  are toxic
to man or other organisms, shall not be
present in  concentrations which  result in
this biological magnification.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall be pro-
tected from hazardous  substances in con-
centrations that exceed drinking water
standards established by the New Mexico
Regulations governing water supplies.
0.3
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts that will be injurious  to fish life
or shellfish, or  that would  impair  any
designated uses of the water.

0.0004

0.004
                   0.005

                   Toxic substance narrative:  shall not ex-
                   ceed  0.01 of  the 96-hour  LC50 unless
                   half-life of substance is less than 96 hours
                   or is not  biocumulative,  in which  case
                   shall  not  exceed  0.05  of the  96-hour
                   LC50.
Designated Stream Use

All

Recreation; desirable
aquatic life
                                                                Domestic water supplies
All fresh water only

All
Trout propagation

All except trout
propagation

All (tidal salt water)

All
                                       -19-

-------
State

North Carolina
  (con't)
North Dakota
             31
Ohio
    32
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances narrative:   only  such
amounts, whether alone or in  combination
with other  substances or wastes as  will
not render the  water unsafe or unsuitable
for use.

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero)
0.01

Toxic  substances narrative:   free from
substances  attributable   to  municipal,
industrial,  or  other  discharges  or agri-
cultural  practices  in  concentrations  or
combinations  which are toxic or  harmful
to human, animal, plant or resident aqua-
tic life.

Mixing zones  narrative: the 96-hour TLm
for indigenous and/or  resident  fish  and
fish food organisms shall  not be exceeded
at any point in the mixing zone.

0.012

0.0012
                    0.012


                    0.012 (case-by-case variations)


                    0.01

                    0.05

                    General narrative:  free from substances
                    resulting from  human activities in con-
                    centrations toxic  or  harmful to  human,
                    animal or  aquatic  life and/or  are  rapidly
                    lethal in the mixing zone.

                    Antidegradation policy:  present ambient
                    water quality  will be  maintained  for  all
                    toxic substances.
Designated Stream Use

All (But A-l)
                                                                 Water  supply for  drinking,
                                                                 culinary or  food processing
                                                                 purposes A-l
All

All
Warmwater habitat

Exceptional warm water
habitat; coldwater habitat

Seasonal warm water
habitat

Limited warm water
habitat

Public water supply

Agricultural water supply

All
                                             All
                                         -20-

-------
State

Ohio (con't)
Oklahoma
         33
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative: 0.01 times 96-
hour  TLm  or  LC50 for  representative
aquatic  species.    Persistent  toxicants
shall not exceed 0.01 times 96-hour TLm
or LC50. TLm  or  LC50  shall  be  deter-
mined by static or dynamic bioassays.  At
least  90  per cent of the volume  of  the
mixing zone shall not exceed at any time
the  24-  to  96-hour TLm  or  LC50  for
representative aquatic species.

0.0012
                   0.01

                   0.12
Note  A:    see  exceptions  under  Ohio
Administrative Code  Regulations 3745-1-
ll-(C) for certain areas

0.01
                   Toxic substances narrative:   waters will
                   not be toxic to humans, fish and wildlife,
                   and other terrestrial and aquatic life, nor
                   detrimental to any beneficial use inclu-
                   ding continued ingestion by livestock or
                   use for irrigation. Toxic substances shall
                   not be present in quantities which  allow
                   significant bioaccumulation and/or  bio-
                   magnification in the food chain.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:  toxic sub-
                   stances not removable by ordinary water
                   treatment techniques shall not exceed the
                   limits in  Section 4.1  of the Oklahoma
                   Water Quality  Standards.

                   Toxic substances  narrative:  concentra-
                   tions  of  nonpersistent  toxic  substances
                   shall not exceed  0.1  of  the  96-hour  LC50
                   for the most sensitive indigenous species.
                   Concentrations  of persistent  toxicants
                   shall  not  exceed 0.05  of  the  96-hour
                   LC50,  for  the  most sensitive indigenous
                   species.   Bioassay data for  Pimephales
Designated Stream Use

Warm water habitat; excep-
tional  warm water habitat;
coldwater habitat; seasonal
warmwater  habitat;  limit-
ed warmwater habitat.  All
Lake  Erie uses
All Lake Erie uses
Note A

All Ohio River uses

All Lower Cuyahoga
River uses
Public and private
water supplies

All
                                             Public and private water
                                             supplies
                                             Aquatic life
                                         -21-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
Oklahoma
  (con't)
Oregon
       34
            35
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
            36
pro mm el as   (Fathead  minnow)  and/or
Lepomis macrochirus  (Bluegill) shall  be
used in determining compliance.

Mixing zones narrative:  shall not exceed      All
the 96-hour TLm  for  the  most sensitive
indigenous species.

General  water  quality  standards  appli-      All
cable to all  waters except where super-
seded by special water quality standards
applicable   to  specifically   designated
waters.   No wastes  shall be  discharged
and no activities shall be conducted which
either alone or in  combination  with other
wastes or activities will cause  toxic con-
ditions  that  are  deleterious to  fish or
other aquatic life  or  affect the potablity
of drinking water.

0.01   Special   water  quality standard      All
applicable   to:  Main  stem  Klammath
River;  Multnomah Channel;  Main  stem
Williamette  River; Main stem  Columbia
River  from  eastern  Oregon-Washington
border westward to Pacific  Ocean;  Main
stem Grande  Ronde  River; Main  stem
Walla Walla River; Main stem Snake River
in and adjacent to  Oregon.

0.003  Special   water  quality standard      All
applicable  to Rouge River Basin; Umpqua
River   Basin;  McKenzie   River   Basin;
Santiam River Basin.

Not Specified                                All

Toxic substances narrative:  shall not be      All
inimical or  injurious  to  the  designated
water use.

Not Specified                                All

None in concentrations or  combinations      Class SA/SA
which would be harmful to human, animal
or  aquatic life or  which would make the
waters  unsafe  or  unsuitable for  fish or
shellfish or their  propagation,  impair the
palatability of same, or impair the waters
for any  other uses.
                                                                            m
                                        -22-

-------
State

Rhode Island
  (con't)
South Carolina
              37
Criteria Value in mg/1

None  in  concentrations on combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life or which  would make  the
waters unsafe  or  unsuitable  for  fish  of
shellfish  or their  propagation,  or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

None  in   concentrations or combinations
which would be harmful to human, animal
or aquatic life or which  would make  the
waters unsafe  or  unsuitable  for  fish  or
shellfish  or their  propagation,  or impair
the water for any other usage assigned to
this Class.

Waters  shall   be   free  from  chemical
constitutents in concentrations  or combi-
nations which would be harmful to human,
animal, or aquatic  life for the appropriate
most sensitive  and governing water class
use or unfavorably alter the biota.

In areas where  fisheries are the governing
considerations  and approved  limits have
not been  established, bioassays shall  be
performed as required by the appropriate
agencies.    The latest  edition  of  the
federal publication Water Quality Criteria
will be considered the interpretation  and
application of  bioassay  result.  Bioassays
shall be performed according to the latest
edition  of  Standard  Methods  for  the
Examination  of Water  and  Wastewater
(APHA).

For public drinking  water supplies,  the
limit  prescribed by  the  United States
Environmental  Protection Agency will be
used where not superseded by more  strin-
gent state requirements.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative: none (zero).
Designated Stream Use

Class SB
                                                                Class SC
All

Domestic  and  food  pro-
cessing;  trout fishing; out-
standing  recreational   or
ecological resources
                                        -23-

-------
State
Criteria Value in mg/1
Designated Stream Use
South Carolina
  (con't)
South Dakota
             38
Tennessee
         39
Toxic  substances  narrative:    none  in
amounts exceeding limitations established
and adopted by the Department of Health
and Environmental Control.

Toxic substances narrative:  none alone or
in combination with  other  substances  or
wastes  in sufficient  amounts to be inju-
rious  to edible  fish  or shellfish or the
culture or propagation thereof.

Toxic substances narrative:  shall be free
from  toxic  substances  attributable  to
sewage,  industrial  waste, or other waste
in concentrations or  combinations which
are harmful  to  human,  animal,  plant  or
aquatic life.

0.01

Concentrations  of  chemicals  toxic  to
humans, animals,  plants,  or  the  most
sensitive stage  or  form  of aquatic  life,
greater than 0.1  times  the  median toler-
ance limit for short residual compounds or
0.01 times the median tolerance limit for
an accumulative  substance  or substances
exhibiting a residual life exceeding thirty
days  in  the  receiving  waters.   Median
tolerance limits  shall  be determined  in
accordance   with  section   34:04:02:06.
Concentrations   specified    for    toxic
materials  shall    be   based   on   daily
averages, but  the concentrations shall not
exceed  one  hundred  and twenty-five per
cent of the value specified in this section
at  any  time or  at  any  point  in the
receiving water.

The   instream concentrations  of   toxic
pollutants shall not exceed 1/10 of the 96-
hour LC50 based  upon available data using
one or more of the most sensitive organ-
isms significant to aquatic  community  of
the waters  under consideration.  Cumula-
tive substance may be  further limited  on
a case-by-case basis.
Direct    water    contact
(swimming);      domestic
supply; propagation of fish;
industrial; agricultural

Shellfish harvesting; direct
water contact  (swimming);
crabbing;  commercial  fish-
ing; propagation of marine
fauna and flora

All
Domestic Water Supply

All
Aquatic life
                                         -24-

-------
State

Tennessee
  (con't)
Texas
      40
Utah
    41
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic substances narrative:  No toxic sub-
stances added that will produce toxic con-
ditions  that materially affect man or ani-
mals;  impair the safety  of  a  conven-
tionally treated  water supply; affect the
water  for industrial  processing,  fish  or
aquatic life, man or animal, livestock and
wildlife, navigation, irrigation.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  the surface
waters of the  State shall be maintained so
that they will not be toxic to man,  fish
and wildlife, and any other  terrestrial and
aquatic life.

Toxic substances  narrative:  toxic mate-
rials  not removable  by  ordinary  water
treatment  techniques shall not exceed
USPHS  Drinking Water Standards or those
established by EPA pursuant to the Safe
Drinking Water Act.  For a  general guide,
with respect  to  fish toxicity, receiving
waters  outside  mixing zones  should not
have a  concentration of  nonpersistent to-
xic materials exceeding 0.1  of the 96-hour
TLm, where the  bioassay  is made using
fish indigenous  to the receiving waters.
For  persistent  toxicants, concentrations
should  not  exceed  0.05  of the  96-hour
TLm.

0.01

0.004  dissolved   (disapproved  by  EPA,
promulgation pending)
                   0.01

                   Toxic  substances  narrative:   it shall be
                   unlawful to discharge  or place any  waste
                   or  other  substance  in concentrations or
                   combinations  which produce undesirable
                   physiological  responses in desirable resi-
                   dent fish, or other desirable aquatic life,
                   as determined by bioassay or other tests.
Designated Stream Use

All
All

All
                                                                 Public drinking water
                                                                 supplies
Domestic water supplies

Aquatic life (cold and warm
water species of  game  fish
and   other   aquatic   life,
including  necessary aquatic
organisms   in  their   food
chain.

Agriculture

All
                                         -25-

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State
Vermont
        42
       43
Virginia
Criteria Value in mg/1

Not Specified

Wastes  discharged to waters of the State
shall contain no chemical or  radiological
constituents  which would be  inconsistent
with the water  uses  associated with  the
assigned water class.

Discharge  of  radioactive  material   to
waters  of the State shall not exceed  the
lowest practicable limits after utilization
of the  latest technological development
and equipment for control  of radioactive
emissions.  In no event shall the discharge
of  such  materials  exceed  the  limits
established  by  the  Agency  of  Human
Services.

There  shall  be  no  discharge of  wastes
containing  any  of  the  prohibited  sub-
stances set  forth below  in  detectable
amounts either to waters of the State or
to  a  municipal  wastewater   collection
and/or treatment facility except in those
cases where  a process  water  contains an
incoming level of a prohibited  substance
due to  natural or other causes.  In such
cases the  concentration of  the  prohibited
substance  or substances  in  the  actual
wastes discharged shall  not be increased.

0.01
                   0.005
                   0.0004 (soft water)
                   0.0012 (hard water)
                    0.004 (soft water)
                    0.012 (hard water)
Designated Stream Use

All
Public water supply (at
raw water intake point).

Open ocean and estuarine
(Cladocerans and  Salmo-
nids)

Free   flowing   streams
(coastal   and   Piedmont
Zones),       Mountainous
Zones, Put and take trout
waters and  Natural trout
waters  (Cladocerans and
Salmonids)

Free   flowing   streams
(coastal   and   Piedmont
Zones), mountainous zone,
Put  and  take  trout wa-
ters,  and   natural  trout
waters   (less   sensitive
aquatic species).
                                        -26-

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State

Virginia
  (con't)
Washington
           44
West Virginia
         46
Wisconsin
Criteria Value in mg/1

Toxic  substances narrative:   free  from
toxic substances attributable  to sewage,
industrial waste, or  other  waste in con-
centrations,  amounts,  or   combinations
which  are inimical or harmful to human,
animal, plant, or aquatic life.

Not Specified

Toxic substances narrative: toxic material
concentrations shall be below those  which
adversely affect public  health, and the
natural aquatic environment.

Toxic substances narrative:  toxic  mate-
rial concentrations shall be below  those
which  adversely affect  public health, or
which  may cause acute or  chronic  toxic
conditions to the aquatic biota.

Deleterious  concentrations  of  toxic,  or
other nonracfioactive  materials, shall  be
determined  by  the department  in  consi-
deration  of  the  "Quality   Criteria  for
Water,"  published by  EPA  1976, and as
revised,  as  the  authoritative  source for
criteria  and/or  other  relevant  informa-
tion, if justified.

0.01

Toxic substances narrative:  not to exceed
0.1 of the 96-hour TLm.

No sewage,  industrial  wastes  or  other
wastes present in any of the waters of the
State shall have concentrations  of  mate-
rials poisonous to human, animal, or  aqua-
tic life.

Not specified

Toxic substances narrative:  substances in
concentrations or combinations which are
toxic or harmful to humans shall not  be
present in amounts found to be  of public
health significance, nor which are acutely
harmful to animal, plant or aquatic life.

Toxic substances  narrative:   the  intake
water supply will by  appropriate  treat-
ment and adequate  safeguards meet the
PHS Drinking Water Standards,  1962.
Designated Stream Use

All
All

All uses for extraordinary
(class  A A)  and lake  class
waters
                                                                 All uses for excellent
                                                                 (class A), good
                                                                 (class B), and fair
                                                                 (class C) waters
All

All


All
All

All
                                                                 Public water supply
                                        -27-

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                   Criteria Value in mg/1                        Designated Stream Use

Wyoming"*1         Not specified                                 All

                   Toxic substances narrative:  none in con-     All
                   centrations or combinations  attributable
                   to or influenced  by the activities of man
                   which would damage or impair the normal
                   growth, function or  reproduction of hu-
                   man, animal, plant  or aquatic life.   Maxi-
                   mum allowable  concentrations  shall  be
                   based on latest edition of Quality Criteria
                   for Water  by  EPA  and/or more generally
                   accepted scientific information.
                
American Samoa   Not specified                                 All

                   Free  from substances  or  combinations     All
                   thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
                   wastes, or other wastes  which may  be
                   toxic to humans, other  animals, plants,
                   and aquatic life.

                   Substances of   unknown  toxicity;  All
                   effluents   containing  foreign  materials
                   shall  be   considered  harmful  and  not
                   permissible  until   acceptable  bioassay
                   tests have shown  otherwise.   It  is the
                   obligation  of the  person producing  the
                   effluent to demonstrate  that  it is  harm-
                   less, at the request of the Environmental
                   Quality Commission.

                   Compliance with Section VLB.  of  these
                   Standards  will be  determined by use  of
                   indicator  organisms, analysis  of species
                   diversity,    population  density,  growth
                   anomalies, bioassays of appropriate  dura-         v
                   tion or other  appropriate  methods  as
                   specified   by  the Environmental  Quality
                   Commission.


                   The survival  of  aquatic life  in  surface
                   waters shall not  be less than that for the
                   same water body in areas unaffected  by
                   sewage, industrial wastes or other activi-
                   ties of man, or,  when necessary, for other
                   control water that is  consistent with the
                   requirements for "experimental water" as
                                         -28-

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State
         Criteria Value in mg/1
                                             Designated Stream Use
American Samoa
  (con't)
District of
  Columbia
48
Guam
described in  Standard Methods for  the
Examination of  Water  and  Waste water
(latest  edition^   As  a  minimum,  com-
pliance with the objectives as stated in
the previous sentence shall be evaluated
with a 96-hour bioassay.

In addition,  effluent  limits  based upon
acute bioassays of effluents will be pres-
cribed   where   appropriate;    additional
numerical receiving water objectives for
specific  toxicants will be established, as
sufficient  data  become  available;   and
source control of toxic substances will be
encouraged.

0.004 (soft water)
0.012 (hard water)

0.01

Toxic  substances narrative:  The waters
shall  at  all  times be  free from:  toxic
substances attributable to sewage, indus-
trial waste, or other  waste in  concentra-
tions  or  combinations  which interfere di-
rectly or indirectly with water uses, or
which  are  harmful  to   human,  animal,
plant, or aquatic life.

0.01; or 0.01 x 96-hour LC50, whichever is
less
                   0.1
                   In order to provide maximum protection
                   for the propagation of fish and wildlife,
                   concentrations of toxic substances shall
                   not exceed levels  calculated by  multi-
                   plying the  application factors by the  96-
                   hour  LC50  values  determined  using  the
                   receiving water in  question and  the most
                   sensitive  species  of  aquatic   organism
                   affected.

                   When the concentration based on the  96-
                   hour  LC50  data exceeds  the  maximum
                   numerical  limits,  the numerical  limits
                   shall constitute the  criteria.
Aquatic life


Domestic wate supply

All
                                                      All
                                                     Drinking water supply

                                                     All surface waters of the
                                                     Territory except 2c
                                         -29-

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State

Guam  (con't)
           49
Puerto Rico
Trust Territory of
  the Pacific
  Islands
Virgin Islands
             H
Criteria Value in mg/1

The  application  factors  and  maximum
numerical  limits  are derived  from  the
NAS-NAE 1972  Report of the Committee
on Water Quality Criteria.

0.005

0.005

Toxic substances narrative: shall not con-
tain  substances in  concentrations or com-
binations  which are  toxic or which pro-
duce undesirable  physiological  responses
in human,  fish or other animal life,  and
plants.  When two  or more  toxic materials
are present at the same time, the chronic
effect of such combinations shall be taken
into  account and  the applicable standard
shall be determined by bioassay or other
approved method.

Free from  substances  or  combinations
thereof attributable to sewage, industrial
wastes, or other wastes toxic to humans,
animals, plants and aquatic life.

All surface waters shall be  free  of sub-
stances attributable  to municipal, indus-
trial, or  other  discharges  or  wastes in
concentrations  or  combinations  which are
toxic   or   which  produce   undesirable
physiological responses in human, fish and
other animal life, and plants.
Designated Stream Use
All (surface waters)

All (coastal waters)

All
All
All
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