WALLOOMSAC RIVER STUDY

                     1977

                   REPORT OF DATA
     United  States
     Environmental
     Protection Agency

     Region I
  -^    ^
I  4 *  *
  ^^^^^v^w
         CD
K)HN F. KENNEDY FEDERAL BUILDING - GOVERNMENT CENTER -  BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS 02203

-------
       WALLOOMSAC RIVER STUDY

                1977

           REPORT OF DATA
                 by

           D. P. Porteous
U. S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
              REGION I
 SURVEILLANCE AND ANALYSIS DIVISION
         60 WESTVIEW STREET
    LEXINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS 02173

            JANUARY 1978

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                          TABLE  OF  CONTENTS








 OVERVIEW                                                         1





 GENERAL                                                          2





 AMBIENT WATER STUDY                                               2





 MAJOR WASTEWATER DISCHARGES                                      3





 TIME OF TRAVEL AND OTHER HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION                3







                              TABLES








 1.   WATER QUALITY STATION LOCATIONS





 2.   NUMBERS AND TYPES OF SAMPLES COLLECTED





 3.   AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS





 4.   LONG TERM BOD RESULTS




 5.   CONTINUOUS DISSOLVED OXYGEN AND TEMPERATURE RECORDER RESULTS





 6.   FLOWS AT THE BENNINGTON,  VT U.S.G.S.  GAGE





 7.   WASTEWATER EFFLUENT RESULTS




 8.  *WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT  FLOWS







                              FIGURES







 1.   WALLOOMSAC RIVER STUDY AREA







                             APPENDICES







 I   TIME OF TRAVEL STUDY





II   PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION OF RIVER

-------
                  Abbreviations Used In The Report
Abbreviation


Temp

DO

MGD

CFS

CMS

TNFR

BOD

BOD5

BODU

NH3

N02-N03

TKN

Chlar 

Pheo a
          Description


Temperature of sample

dissolved oxygen

million gallons per day

cubic feet per second

cubic meters per second

total nonfilterable residue
(total suspended solids)
biochemical oxygen demand incu-
bated at 209C
BOD after five days

calculated ultimate BOD

ammonia nitrogen
    Units of Measure


Degrees centigrade,  C

milligrams per liter irg/1

million gallons per day

cubic feet per second

cubic meters per second

mg/1


mg/1
me/I

mg/1

mg/1 as nitrogen (N)
combined nitrite-nitrate nitrogen  mg/1 as N
combined organic and ammonia
nitrogen
chlorophyll  concentration
determined fluorometrically
pheophytin  determined
fluorometrically
mg/1 as N

micrograms/liter (ug/1)

ug/1
       Symbols preceding a report value denote the following:

                   J  = approximate value not accurate
                   K  =* less than
                   R  = results not reported
                   -  = no sample collected

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                   WALLOOMSAC RIVER STUDY




                            1977







OVERVIEW




     The State of Vermont Agency of Environmental Conservation (AEC)




requested assistance of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's




(EPA), Region I, Surveillance & Analysis Division (S&A) and Systems




Analysis Branch (SAB) in modeling a portion of the Wailoomsac River




from Bennington, VT to just above its confluence with the Hoosic




River.  The modeling effort was divided among the three participants




as follows:




     1.  AEC - Provide time of travel information at two flow regimes




and cross sectional data.




     2.  S&A - Provide 3 days of ambient and source water quality data.




     3.  SAB - Provide modeling capabilities based on information obtained




by the AEC and S&A.




     S&A was subsequently asked by SAB to collect additional time of




travel and hydrology information.




     With the exception of chlorophyll a_ and pheophytin a_ results, all




data requested of S&A has been sent piecemeal to the AEC and SAB.




This report is intended to summarize all the data under one cover




including the chlorophyll a_ and pheophytin a_ results.

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GENERAL




     From August 23, 1977 to August 26, 1977, S&A personnel conducted




a water quality and major discharge study on the Walloomsac River from




just below the confluence with Roaring Branch in Bennington, VT to the




Route 22 bridge in North Hoosick,NY.  The sample station locations are




shown and described in Figure 1 and Table 1 respectively.




     On November 10, 1977, S&A personnel conducted a time of travel




study from the dam just above the Henry Covered Bridge in Bennington, VT




to the Columbia Corporation Dam in Walloomsac, NY.




AMBIENT WATER STUDY




     S&A personnel collected ambient water samples from eleven locations:




nine on the main stem of the Walloomsac River and two on major tributaries.




Samples collected from two of the stations on the main stem were analyzed




for dissolved oxygen only, while water samples collected from the tribu-




taries and other main stem stations were analyzed for the parameters




sjiown in Table 2.  The number and types of samples collected at each




ambient station are also shown in Table 2.




     The ambient sampling was split into three 8 hour crews.  Each crew




made one sample run to record water temperature and collect the necessary




samples to perform the types of analyses presented in Table 2 and one




run for water temperature and dissolved oxygen information only.




Composite samples consisted of equal aliquots of sample from the first




daily run of each crew.  These composites then represented a 24 hour




composite made up of three samples collected at approximately 8 hour




intervals.



                              -2-

-------
Ambient water results are presented in Table 3.  Long term BOD results




are presented in Table 4.




     In addition to the sampling effort, temperature - dissolved oxygen




recorders were set up at three locations during the study.  Table 5




indicates the recorder locations and lists the results.




     Flows during the study period were obtained from the U.S. Geo-




logical Survey gage located at river mile 9.99 (kilometer 16.08)




approximately 0.02 miles (0.03 kilometers) downstream from the Henry




Covered Bridge.  These flows are given in Table 6.




MAJOR WASTEWATER DISCHARGES




     Most of the major discharges in Vermont having access to the




Walloomsac River and its tributaries discharge into the Bennington




Wastewater Treatment Facility (WWTF).  The only other major Vermont




discharger is Fairdale Farms, Inc. which discharges its treated waste-




water to an unnamed tributary which joins the Walloomsac River just




above the Bennington, VT WWTF discharge.  Columbia Corporation, a




paper company discharging treated"wastewater ,into. th..Walloomsac River




n''Walloomsac N.Y. was also sampled.




     Wastewater sampling consisted of using automatic samplers to




collect 24 hour composite samples.  In several instances, the samplers




malfunctioned and grab samples were collected.  Table 7 lists the




results of the wastewater sampling effort and indicates whether the




sample was a 24 hour composite or grab. Table  8  lists WWTF flows.




TIME OF TRAVEL AND OTHER HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION




     To supplement data provided by the AEC, S&A conducted one time




                             -3-

-------
of travel study on November 10, 1977 from the dam just above the




Henry Covered Bridge in Bennington, VT to the Columbia Corporation




Dam.  The results of this study is attached as Appendix I. On Nov-




ember 9, one cross section was determined and notes made relative




to the physical appearance of the river seen by car from Paran Creek




in Bennington, VT to the Columbia Corporation Dam.  This information




is included as Appendix II.
                              -4-

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                                                  TABLE  1
                                      WATER QUALITY STATION LOCATIONS
River Stations

    WR01



    WR02

    WR03

    WR4A

    WR04


    WR12


    WR06


    WR07

    WR7A


    WR08

    WR09


    WR9A


    WR11A


    WRU
River Mile/Kilometer

      13.91/22.38



      11.07/17.81

10.45/16.81-0.06/0.10

      10.02/16.13

      10.01/16.11


9.97/16.04-0.03/0.05


      7.75/12.47


      6.22/10.01

      5.83/9.38


      5.13/8.25

      3.19/5.13


      3.04/4.89


      1.69/2.72



      1.50/2.41
          Location
Footbridge between Mt. Anthony Country Club
and the intersection of Hicks Ave. and Prichard
Rd., downstream of small dam

Covered bridge upstream of Vermont Tissue

Footbridge at Paran Creek, parallel to Rte. 67A

Dam just above Henry Covered Bridge

Henry Covered Bridge between Orebed Rd. and
Harrington Rd., downstream of small dam

Creek (Fairdale Farms outfall) off Orebed Rd.,
0.04 mi/0.07km. downstream of WR04

Off Harrington Rd., 0.19 mi/0.31 km. from the
intersection with Rte. 67

First bridge off Rte. 67 on the N.Y. side

Abandoned RR bridge, 0.39 mi/0.63 km downstream
of WR07

Bridge 0.7 mi/1.13 km downstream of WR7A

Dam 0.15 mi/0.24 km upstream of bridge at
Columbia Paper, Walloomsac, NY

First bridge downstream of Columbia Paper,
Walloomsac, NY

Dam immediately upstream of Flomatic Valve Co.,
Hoosick Falls, NY


Lower bridge (parallel to Rte. 22) 0.19 mi/0.31 km
downstream of Flomatic Valve Co.,Hoosick Falls, NY

-------
               TABLE 2
NUMBERS AND TYPES OF SAMPLES COLLECTED
STATION
V7R01
MR02
WR03
WR04
WR04A
WR06
WR07
WR07A
WR08
WR09
WR09A
WR11A
WR11
WR12
BENN02
FAFA01
COLU01
* Includes
GR2
TEMP.
18
18
18
18
4
18
18
13
18
18
18
16
18
18
1
2
1
3 grab sa
DO
18
18
18
18
5
18
18
13
18
18
18
16
18
18
2
2
2
mples
\B SAMPLES
CHLOR a
6
6
6
6
0
6
6
0
6
6
0
0
6
3
0
0
0
**

PHEO a
6
6
6
6
0
6
6
0
6
6
0
0
6
3
0
0
0
Includes 2
COMPOSITE RAMPT 
-------
           TABLE 3
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR01




















DATE
(1977)
08/23



08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25




08/26
08/25-26
TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0810
1157
1620
2000
0000
0335
9999
0820
1221
1615
2000
0000
0350
9999
0807
1200
1645
2010
2350
0335
9999
TEMP
(C)
14
16
18
18
16
15

15
15
15
14
14
14

12
15
16
15
14
13

D.O.
(ppm)
9.8
9.5
8.9
8.6
8.8
9.0

9.4
9.2
9.4
9.7
9.3
9.3

9.6
9.5
9.2
9.0
9.2
9.4

BOD5
(mg/1)






Kl






1






1
NITROGEN (ing/1)
NH3

K0.05




K0.05



K0.05


K0.05





K0.05
K0.05
NO2~NO3

0.23




0.25



0.32


0.30





0.28
0.28
CHLOR a
(ug/1)
1.55
1.46





1.20
2.28





0.86
1.68





PHEO a
(ug/1)
1.22
1.10





1.57
1.72





1.06
1.31






-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR02




















WR04

DATE
(1977)
08/23



08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25




08/26
08/25-26
08/23

TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0815
1206
1635
2010
0005
0340
9999
0827
1229
1645
2020
0005
0355
9999
0815
1208
1655
2020
2355
0340
9999
0828
1216
TEMP
(C)
14
16
18
18
17
15

15
15
15
15
14
14

13
14
17
17
15
14

15
16
D.O.
(ppm)
9.2
10.1
10.0
9.4
8.2
8.4

8.6
9.0
9.5
9.0
8.8
9.2

8.9
9.8
10.1
9.7
8.7
8.8

9.5
10.0
BOD5
(mg/1)






1






Kl






1


NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3

K0.05




K0.05


K0.05



K0.05





K0.05
K0.05

K0.05
NO2-NO3

0.27




0.25


0.29



0.30





0.28
0.30

0.24
CHLOR a
(ug/1)
0.53
0.69





1.29
1.20





0.94
0.99





1.12
1.55
PHEO a
(ug/1)
0.98
0.91





1.48
1.14





1.13
1.14





2.08
1.22

-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR04


















WR4A




DATE
(1977)
08/23

08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



08/26

08/25-26
08/25


08/26

TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
1710
2030
0015
0355
9999
0836
1237
1710
2035
0015
0400
9999
0825
1217
1715
2035
0005
0350
9999
1222
1715
2030
0008
0350
TEMP
(C)
18
18^
17
16

16
16
16
16
14
15

13
15
17
17
16
14

14
17
17
15

D.Q.
(ppm)
9.3
8.5
8.6
8.6

9.0
9.4
9.3
9.2
9.2
9.1

9.7
9.6
J10.0
9.1
8.9
9.0

10.4
J9.9
9.0
9.0
9.0
BODc
(mg/1)



J2







Jl






1





NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3




K0.05


K0.05



K0.05





K0.05
K0.05





NO2-NO3




0.20


0.24



0.25





0.22
0.27





CHLOR a
(ug/1)





1.63
1.72





1.98
1.89










PHEO a
(ug/1)





2.10
1.64





2.07
1.41











-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR06




















WR07

DATE
(1977)
08/23



08/24

08/24-25
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



08/26

08/25-26
08/23

TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0843
1228
1735
2040
0030
0410
9999
0849
1248
1735
2050
0030
0415
9999
0838
1233
1740
2050
0020
0410
9999
0850
1234
TEMP
15
17
18
17
18
16

16
16
16
16
15
14

13
15
17
16
15
14

15
17
D.O.
(ppm)
9.0
10.8
9.8
7.6
6.7
7.0

8.2
8.2
8.4
7.8
7.5
8.2

9.0
10.1
10.6
7.8
7.1
7.3

8.4
11.1
BOD5
(mg/D






2






3






3


NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3

0.40




0.40


0.90



0.55





0.35
0.45

0.20
NO2-NO-J

0.31




0.32


0.40



0.35





0.31
0.37

0.32
CHLOR a
(ug/1)
1.59
2.92





2.41
2.75





2.58
2.84





1.72
3.44
PHEO a
(ug/1)
1.55
2.19





2.28
2.10





2.43
2.01





1.69
3.17

-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR07


















WR07A




DATE
(1977)
08/23

08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



08/26

08/25-26
08/24




TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
1805
2055
0035
0415
9999
0855
1253
1755
2100
0035
0420
9999
0846
1238
1750
2100
0025
0415
9999
0130
0500
1345
1900
2215
TEMP
(C)
18
17
17
16

16
16
16
16
14
14

14
15
18
16.5
15
14

16
16
15
16
16
D.O.
(ppm)
9.3
7.5
6.5
6.8

7.7
9.1
8.7
7.9
7.1
7.6

8.9
10.7
10.1
7.9
7.0
6.9

6.3
6.4
9.1
8.2
7.4
BOD5
(mg/D




3






4






3





NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3




0.40


0.70



0.45





0.30
0.35





NO2-NO3




0.37


0.40



0.42





0.38
0.44





CHLOR a
(ug/1)





2.58
4.21





2.32
3.44










PHEO a
(ug/1)





2.32
3.14





2.48
2.10











-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR07A







WR08















DATE
(1977)
08/25





08/26

08/23



08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25

TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0120
0502
0936
1245
1845
2150
0030
0420
0855
1240
1830
2105
0045
0420
9999
0901
1259
1805
2115
0040
0425
9999
0852
1250
TEMP
(C)
15
14
14
15
18
16
15
14
16
17
18
18
16
16

16
16
16
16
15
15

14
15
D.O.
(ppm)
7.0
7.3
9.2
9.0
9.5
7.6
7.0
7.2
8.9
11.2
9.6
7.8
6.5
6.4

7.2
8.6
8.7
7.7
7.2
7.4

6.9
11.2
BOD5
(mg/1)














2






3


NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3









0.10




0.30


0.50



0.40


NO2-NO3









0.32




0.40


0.54



0.47


CHLOR a
(ug/1)








3.27
2.84





3.01
2.36





2.95
4.94
PHEO a
(ug/1)








2.49
1.64





2.32
2.01





3.29
3.32

-------
           TABLE 3 ,  con ' t
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR08




WR09

















DATE
.(1977)
08/25

08/26

08/25-26
08/23



08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
1800
2110
0038
0425
9999
0903
1247
1845
2110
0050
0430
9999
0908
1306
1820
2125
0050
0432
9999
0859
1258
1810
2115
TEMP
(C)
18
16
15
14

16
17
18
18
17
16

17
16
16
16
15
15

14
16
18
17
D.O.
(ppm)
10.4
8.2
6.9
7.0

6.9
11.1
10.0
8.0
6.4
6.2

6.8
8.5
9.9
7.9
7.2
7.0

7.8
11.6
11.9
8.4
BOD5
(mg/1)




3






2






3




NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3



0.30
0.30

0.09




0.20


0.15



0.35




NO2-NO3



0.44
0.46

0.35




0.42


0.43



0.49




CHLOR a
(ug/1)





3.61
3.27





6.45
4.99





6.45
5.59


PHEO a
(ug/1)





3.42
2.06





4.21
3.76'





5.28
2.94



-------
           TABLE 3 ,  con' t
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR09


WR09A

















WR11A



DATE
(1977)
08/26

08/25-26
08/23



08/24

08/24



08/25





08/26

08/23

08/24

TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0045
0430
9999
0908
1251
1905
2115
0100
0435
0913
1311
1825
2130
0055
0438
0905
1302
1820
2125
0050
0435
1915
2130
0115
0450
TEMP
(C)
15
14

16
18
J8
18
17
16
17
15
16
16
15
15
14
15
18
18
15
14
18
18
17
16
D.O.
(ppm)
7.0
7.1

9.4
9.4
9.3
8.7
8.4
8.6
8.8
9.0
9.9
9.2
9.0
9.3
9.3
10.0
9.5
9.1
8.9
8.9
9.0
7.9
7.4
7.4
BOD5
(mg/1)


2






















NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3

0.30
0.20






















NO2~NO3

0.54
0.49






















CHLOR a
(ug/1)



3.96
4.30




















PHEO a
(ug/1)



4.15
2.52





















-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR11A











WRll













DATE
(1977)
08/24



08/25





08/26

08/23



03/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0923
1319
1840
2145
0110
0450
0911
1310
1825
2135
0105
0450
0916
1259
1925
2145
0110
0445
9999
0929
1325
1845
2155
0105
0445
9999
TEMP
(C)
16
16
17
16
15
15
14
15
18
17
16
14
16
18
18.
18
17
16

16
16
17
16
15
15

D.O.
(ppm)
7.8
8.9
9.1
8.6
8.1
8.0
7.9
11.0
10.4
8.4
7.7
7.8
9.3
9.9
8.8
8.8
8.5
8.7

8.9
8.9
9.1
9.2
9.0
9.2

BOD5
(mg/1)


















3






3
NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3













0.15




0.15


0.10



0.30
NO2-N03













0.41




0.41


0.43



0.53
CHLOR a
(ug/1)












4.82
3.87





8.38
14.19





PHEO a
(ug/1)












5.21
2.53





5.48
7.14






-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT V7ATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR03




















WR12



DATE
(1977)
08/23



08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



08/26

08/25-26
08/23



TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0820
1211
1650
2020
0010
0350
9999
0832
1233
1655
2030
0010
0401
9999
0820
1213
1710
2025
0000
0345
9999
0833
1219
1725
2035
TEMP
(C)
16
16
20
20
18
16

18
18
18
18
15
14

16
17
19
18
16
15

14
17
17
17
D.O.
(ppm)
8.9
9.1
8.9
8.4
8.2
8.8

8.7
8.7
8.7
8.8
8.7
8.8

8.6
9.3
9.1
9.0
8.8
8.9

9.6
9.8
8.7
J8.1
BOD5
(mg/1)






1






2






2




NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3

K0.05




K0.05


K0.05



K0.05





K0.05
K0.05




NO2~NO3

0.20




0.12


0.13



0.13





0.13
0.13




CHLOR a
' (ug/1)
2.28
1.72





1.85
1.89





4.30
2.89





1.29



PHEO a
(ug/1)
2.89
2.01





3.32
2.59





3.70
3.52





1.06




-------
           TABLE 3, con't
AMBIENT WATER QUALITY RESULTS
STATION
WR12
















DATE
(1977)
08/24

08/23-24
08/24



08/25

08/24-25
08/25



08/26

08/25-26
TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
0020
0400
9999
0840
1240
1725
2045
0020
0408
9999
0830
1225
1730
2045
0013
0400
9999
TEMP
(C)
16
15

15
14
17
15
14
14

13
15
17
16
14
13

D.O.
(ppm)
8.6
8.6

10.4
9.1
8.7
8.7
8.7
9.1

7.8
9.8
9.3
9.6
8.7
9.1

BOD5
(mg/1)


J2






Jl






Jl
NITROGEN (mg/1)
NH3


K0.05


K0.05



K0.05





K0.05
K0.05
NO2-NO3


0.18


0.22



0.23





0.26
0.24
CHLOR a
(ug/1)



2.66






1.76






PHEO a
(ug/1)



1.39






1.60







-------
       TABLE 4
LONG TERM BOD RESULTS




























STATION

BENN02


FAFA01


COLU01


WR04


WR07


WR09


WR11


WR12


DATE OF
COLLECTION
1977
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/25-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
CUMULATIVE BOD IN MG/1 AT DAY INDICATED
2

21


15


7








Jl


2


Tl


3


40
J30

25
11

11
6
Jl
Jl
Jl
Jl
2
2

J2
1

J2
Jl

JO
Jl
5

46
45
J45
46
42
25
18
16
13
J2
Jl
1
3
4
3
2
3
2
3
3
2
J2
Jl
Jl
7

51
45
65
52
50
26
22
20
16
3
J2
2
4
4
3
4
4
2
4
4
2
J2
Jl
Jl
9

56


60


39


4


4


4


b


3


~il


65
70

60
38

31
28

J2
2

5
5

5
3

5
3

J2
2
13

62


64


bb


4


4


5


6


4


14



70


47


48


2





4


3


2
15


80


70


58


2


6
5

5


6


2

lb

68


Vb


74


4


4


5


b


4


I/



70


51

64
50


3





4


4


2
18


80


70





3


7
5

7


7


2

19

71


76


78


4


4


5


6


3


21



70


59


bB


3


5

8.
5


5


2
22


65


72


64


3


10





8


2

23

72


81


86


4


6


6


6


3


24



80


59


b8


J


5


6


6


2
25

76
85


88


bb


3


10


b


8


2

26




85


87


4


7





7


4



28



85


63


62


4


b


7


6


2

29


95


78


66


4





8





4


30

90


87


88


6


8
12

7


8


4



-------
                         TABLE 5




Continuous Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature Recorder Results
Station Date Time
(1977) (hours)
WR07 8/23 1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
8/24 '0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
0600
0700
0800
0900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
8/25 1230
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
DO Temp.
(mg/1) (C)
10 Recorder inoperative
10.6
11.5
11.5
11.2
11.0
9.7
9.0
8.0
7.8
6.8
6.4
6.4
6.2
6.0
6.0
6.4
6.2
6.2
6.4
6.8
-
7.2
8.5
8.8
9.0
9.0
8.3
Recorder malfunction
12.0
12.7
13.0
13.5
13.0
13.0
12.0
11.0
9.7
8.7
                                             Last good reading

-------
                         TABLE 5, con't




Continuous Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature Recorder Results
Station Date Time
(1977) (hours)
WR09 8/23 1220
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
8/24 0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
0600
0700
0800
0900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
8/25 0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
DO Temp.
(mg/1) (C)
10.5 Recorder inoperative
11.6
12.0
13.0
13.4
13.0
12.0
10.8
10.0
8.8
7.8
7.1
6.7
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.4
5.7
5.8
6.0
6.3
6.4
6.8
7.6
8.3
8.8
9.0
9.0
9.5
9.1
8.9
8.0
7.3
7.0
6.8
6.5
6.2
6.0
6.0
6.1

-------
                         TABLE 5 ,  con't




Continuous Dissolved Oxygen arid" Temperature Recorder Results
Station Date Time
(1977) (hours)
WR09 8/25 0600
0700
0800
0900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
8/26 0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
0600
0700
0800
0900
DO Temp.
(mg/1) (C)
6.0
6.2
6.4
7.0
7.9
10.0
11.4
12.0
12.8
13.8
14.4
14.0
13.6
12.5
11.2
10.0
9.0
8.2
7.6
7.0
6.7
6.5
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.4
7.0

-------
                         TABLE 5, con't




Continuous Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature Recorder Results
Station Date Time
(1977) (hours)
WR11A 8/23 1345
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
8/24 0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
0600
0700
0800
0900
Stirrer
malfunction
8/25 1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
Stirrer
malfunction
DO
(mg/1)
11.4
11.5
11.4
.11.7
11.1
10.4
10.0
9.2
8.7
8.4
8.0
8.0
7.8
7.4
7.6
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8
7.8


9.0
9.8
10.3
11.0
11.3
11.5
11.5
11.6
11.2
10.2
9.0


Temp.
(C)
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0


13.0
13.0
14.0
14.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
16.0
16.0
16.0



-------
                                         TABLE 6
                        FLOWS AT THE BENNINGTON, VT U.S.G.S. GAGE
DATE
(1977)
08/23
08/24
08/25
08/26
11/10
DAILY
AVERAGE
(CFS)
134
113
124
104
202*
DAILY MAXIMUM
TIME
(HOURS)
0015
2330
0545
0015

FLOW
(CFS)
164
125
133
112
--
DAILY MINIMUM
TIME
(HOURS)
2300
0430
2230
2400
--
FLOW
(CFS)
114
110
112
95
--
*Flow during the time of travel  study remained  constant.  This  is  the flow during the 4 hour
 study period.

-------
          TABLE 7
WASTEWATER EFFLUENT RESULTS
STATION
BENN02




FAFA01




COLU01




DATE OF
COLLECTION
(1977)
08/23-24
08/24
08/24-25
08/25
08/25-26
08/23-24
08/24
08/25

08/25-26
08/23-24
08/24
08/24-25
08/25
08/26
TIME OF
COLLECTION
(HOURS)
9999
1045
9999
0730
9999
9999
0840
0800
0810
9999
9999
0840
9999
0930
0920
TEMP
(0

__
._
19

_
23
__
17

 
23
__
__

DO
(tng/1)

5.0
__
6.1

 
3.7
1.9
__

M 
3.7
_
3.8

BOD,
(mg/l!)
46
__
45
__
J45
46
__
_.
42
25
18
__
16
__
13
TNFR
(mg/1)
26
__
27
__
29
57
__
__
47
49
^ ^
__
__
__

NITROGEN (mg/1)
TKN
16.8
__
17.4
 _
13.8
13.8
__
__
14.1
13.2
10.2
__
9.4
_
8.1
NH3-N
14.0
__
14.0
_
9.8
9.2
__
__
9.8
7.0
5.4
__
4.9
__
3.2
N02-N03
0.32
__
0.26
__
0.24
0.09
__
__
0.07
0.05
0.41
_
0.35
^ M
0.38

-------
             TABLE 8




WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT FLOWS





                                24 Hour Flow
Location
BENN02


FAFA01


COLU01


Date
1977
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
8/23-24
8/24-25
8/25-26
EPA Recorder WWTF Recorder
MGD CMS MGD CMS
3.71 0.162 4.36 0.191
3.73 0.163 4.32 0.189
3.61 0.158 4.30 0.188
0.031 0.001
0.029 0.001
0.030 0.001
1.00 0.044
1.11 0.049
1.03 0.045

-------
                                       FIGURE 1

                              WALLOOMSAC RIVER S^UDY AREA
               W AL LOO MSAC     RIVER
                                                                              N

                                                                             A
 NORTH

HOOSICK
                                                        NORTH  BENNINGTON
                                                                           PAJftAN CREEK
                                                                  UNKNOWN
                                                                  TRIBUTARY
                                                    BENNINGTON
                                                                                                BENWtNGTON
                                                UJ
                                                >

-------
APPENDIX I

-------
                                       APPENDIX I

                    UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
  DATE:  November 16, 1977

  JECT:  vfalloomsac River Time of Travel Study
  FROM:  Donald P. Porteous
         Sanitary Engineer, Water Section

    TO:  Allen Ikalainen, Acting Chief
         System Analysis Branch
         Attachment 1 contains the results of our time of travel study of
         November 10, 1977 on the Walloomsac River.  When comparing our
         results with those supplied by the Vermont AEG in their letter of
         October 06, 1977, please note that the station designations and the
         absolute mileage between stations are different.  Taking these
         factors into account, the times of travel appear to be compatible.

         Also, to clear up the station designations used by EPA and the AEG
         during these studies, please see Attachment 2.

         If you have any questions, please call me.
                                           1-1
t   For,.. 1320 6 fRcv. 3 76)

-------
                                   ATTACHMENT 1

                               Time of Travel Study
                                 November 10, 1977

              Reach Descriptions

                  1.  0.01 miles above Henry Bridge {WRO/J to WR06

                  2.  WR06 to WR7A

                  3.  WR7A to WR09


              Dye Dumpings

                  A.  Dump at beginning of Reach One and pick up at  WR06
                      and WR7A

                  B.  Dump at beginning of Reach Two and pick up at  WR7A
                      and WR09


BEACH    DUMP    DISTANCE      TIME         VELOCITY                  FLOW
                 (miles)     {minutes}  {feet per second}    {cubic  feet per second)

  1       A        2.27         14S           1.35                    202

  2       A        1.92         121           1.W)                    202
          B        1.92         112           1-51                    202

  3       B        2.64         178           1.31                    202
                                         1-2

-------
                              ATTACHMENT 2

               AEG VS. EPA TIME OF TRAVEL STATION LOCATIONS


AEG Designation                Description                    EPA Designation

    EPA  8            Dam 0.01 mile above Henry Bridge            WR04
                      Station

                    Bennington WWTF                             

    EPA 10            Walloomsac River, 1/2 mile east of          WH06
                      N.Y. state line off Harrington Rd.,
                      0.19 miles from intersection with
                      Rte. 67

    EPA 11            First bridge below state line               WHO?

                    Abandoned railroad bridge                   WR?A

    EPA 12            Second bridge below state line              WR08

    EPA 13            Dam at Columbia Paper                       WR09
    River miles for each station have previously been sent to you.
                                      1-3

-------
APPENDIX II

-------
                            APPENDIX II

November 28, 1977

Halloomsac River
David W. Tordoff, Environmentalist
Water Section

Allen Ikalainen, Actiag Chief
Systems Analysis Branch

Tha following is a description of the ^aliowsac River based "on notes
written by me during a November 09, 1977 reconnaissance.

I.  Conaaence/reconnaissance of the Wallomsac River fron Peran Creek
    (North Bennington, VT) to Columbia Paper Co., (Wallocmsac, 117).

     1.  Walked to confluence of Peran Creek with the Halloomsac River.
          a.  Noted river  seemed to have fast flow.
          b.  Mo rapids observed.

     2.  Drove westerly to Henry Dridge and crossed the river.
          a.  River appears flat to  the dan.
          b.  About 500 ft. of rapids below the data.

     3.  Proceeded along  river road to U.S.G.S. gauge.
          a.  Gauge indicated 2.57 ft. of water.

     4.  Continued westerly along River Road.
          a.  Ripples about 0.1 mi. below gauge.
          b.  Rapids' about 0.45 ni. below Henry Bridge.  These are  about
              100 ft.' long.
          c.  Minor rapids about 0.85 mi. below Henry Bridge.
          d.  Rapids (with about 6" drop) 1 ni. below Henry Bridge
              situated near the point where road turns away from river.
          e.  Returned to Henry Bridger crossed river, continued along
              the north side road.

              MOTE:  Mileages are based on vehicle odometer readings.

     5.  Rapids mentioned in item 4d are 0.98 ni. below Henry bridge
         traveling on  the north side.

     6.  An island is located at the S curve just above last   summer's
         station $006.

     7.  Rapids at last summer's station $006.

     8.  Quiescent pool, then rapids (about 0.2 ni.), the^flat (about  0.1 ni.)
         the<'rauis with 1.5' fall between bend and State line.
                                II-l

-------
Walloomsac River
Page 2
November 29, 1977
     9.  Rapida above and below railroad bridge; also, an island separates .
         the
    10.,  The rapids- turn calm at the first bridge in New York.
          a.. More sartor rapids about 0.2 fid. below bridge.

    11.  Minor rapida (little more than  ripples) , below the abandoned
         trolley bridge (Walloomsac Survey station 7A) .

    12.  River appears quiet after the bridge known as station $008.

    13.  There is a pond above the dara at Columbia Paper Co. in Walloomsac
         Village.

    14.  Rapids below dam at Columbia Paper Co.

    15.  These rapids lead to a pool westerly of the bridge at  the
         Paper Zlill.

II.  Cross section conducted at the abandoned trolley bridge (about
     rivar oile 5.35)

     1.  67 ft. between abutments.
     2.  Facing upstream - the left edge  of water is the north side of
         the river  (Rte. 67 side).

     3.  Datai

          LEW      0' out from bank, 1 ft. deep
                   4* out from  bank, 1 ft., 6" deep
                 8 '6* out from bank, 2 ft. deep
                  12* out fron bank, 2.5 ft. deep
                  16* out from bank/ 3.5 ft. deep
                  21' out frcn  bank, 3.5 ft. deep
                  25* out from bank, 3 ft., 5" deep
                  28' out from bank, 2  ft., 9 " deep
                  31' out from bank, 3 ft. deep
                  34* out from bank, 2 ft., 6" deep
                  37' out from bank, 2 ft., 9" fieap
                  40' out from bank, 3 ft. deep
                  44' out froei bank, 3 ft., 8" deep
                  49' out froa bank, 2 ft., 1" deep
                  53* out from bank, 3 ft. deep
                  53* out from bank, 4 ft. deep
                  63' out from bank, 4 ft., 10" deep
          RSW     67' out from bank, 1 ft,, 6" deep
DWTrne
                                 II-2

-------