United States
                      Environmental Protection
                        Pollution Prevention
                        and Toxics
EPA 744-F-93-003c\.
July 1993
                                                                               OASBO C-17
Design for the  Environment
Printing  Project
  What Is the Design for
  the Environment

  The Design for the Environ-
  ment (DfE) Program in EPA's
  Office of Pollution Prevention
  and Toxics harnesses EPA's
  expertise and leadership to
  facilitate information ex-
  change and research on
  pollution prevention efforts.
  DfE works with both large
  and small businesses on a
  voluntary basis, and its wide-
  ranging projects include:

   Changing general busi-
   ness practices to prevent

   Working with businesses
   and trade associations in
   specific industries to evalu-
   ate the risks, performance,
   and costs of alternative
   chemicals, processes, and
   Helping individual busi-
   nesses undertake environ-
   mental design efforts
   through the application of
   specific tools and methods.
       Why Is EPA Working With Printers?

       Over 62,000 printing establishments are located in the United States.
       They perform functions as diverse as printing brochures, decals on
       T-shirts, and labels for cans of soup, as well as publishing books and
       daily newspapers. In the course of providing their services, printers
       select chemicals from hundreds of printing inks, solvents, and other
       chemical products. Because 80 percent of printing establishments
       employ fewer than.20 employees, very few printers have the time or
       resources to research chemicals, work practices, and technologies that
       are safer for the environment.

       What Is the Printing Project?

       The DfE Printing Project is a cooperative effort by EPA and industry
       aimed at developing specific pollution prevention information for
       small- and medium-sized printers. The Printing Project brings to-
       gether comparative information  on the risks, exposures, performance,
       and costs of alternatives so that  printers can make informed, environ-
       mentally sound decisions.

       How Do Printers Print?

       Each of the six different printing methods used by printers (lithogra-
       phy, letterpress, flexography, gravure, screen printing, and plateless
       technologies) has a different set  of chemical and technological alterna-
       tives. A draft of the Use Cluster Analysis of the Printing Industry was
       released in May 1992 as a starting point for exploration of more
       environmentally safe alternatives. This  document provides printing
       market data and information about different printing methods and
       technology trends. Representatives from the printing industry are cur-
       rently working with EPA to revise the document for final publication.
                                                                            Printed on Recycled Paper

 What Is the Focus of the Printing

 The Printing Project is focusing on three areas of
 environmental concern:

  Blanket washes in lithography

  Screen reclamation in screen printing
  Inks in flexography

 Industry representatives prioritized these areas, us-
 ing information on risk, printers' priorities, and
 EPA regulatory activities. A draft list of federal
 regulations that affect the printing industry is
 available. For each area identified, industry repre-
 sentatives and EPA are working together to com-
 pare the risks, performance, and costs of
 alternatives. This information will be presented in
 a document called a Cleaner Technologies Substi-
 tutes Assessment (CTSA).

 How Are Printers  Helping To Identify
 Pollution Prevention Opportunities?

 Two committees, which include members from both
 industry and EPA, are working to assist EPA scien-
 tists and the University of Tennessee in conducting
 the CTSA:

  The Use Cluster Committee has formed three sepa-
  rate groups to work on lithography, screen print-
  ing, and flexography.  Subgroups on chemicals,
  work practices, and technologies are collecting
  data on existing and emerging alternatives.

 The Performance Testing Committee is developing
  protocols for comparing the performance and
  cost of various alternatives. The committee
  members will oversee the testing of various
  alternatives in actual print shops.
How Will This Information Reach

Individual Printers and Suppliers?

Two committees composed of representatives from
EPA, environmental organizations, state govern-
ment, academia, and industry are working to
develop outreach strategies and information prod-
ucts that communicate the information developed
by the Project:

 The Information Products Committee is creating ve-
  hicles for communicating information on
  alternatives. The committee developed a case
  study of a lithographic printer that has changed
  its work practices and solvents. Products like
  newsletter articles, televideo conferences, comic
  books, and even "how-to" videotapes might sup-
  plement more traditional information products
  to communicate the results of the CTSA.

 The Publicity Committee is developing a strategy
  for communicating project information (created
  by the Information Products Committee) to print-
  ers throughout the country.  In January 1993,
  the committee held 16 focus groups in eight dif-
  ferent cities to find out where printers currently
  get information, what information they find use-
  ful, and what will motivate printers to incorpo-
  rate pollution prevention into their, daily work.
  From these focus groups, a communication strat-
  egy including local, state, and regional networks
  is being developed.

How Can I Get More Information?

To receive more information or to participate in
existing committees, contact:

EPA's Pollution Prevention Information
 Clearinghouse (PPIC)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
401M Street, SW. (PM-211A)
Washington, DC 20460
Fax: 202-260-0178