Vol. 5, No. 11
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                                                                                                November 1976
A new face at RTF—Walt Barber-
Deputy Assistant Administrator, OAQPS

   In announcing the appointment,
Russell E. Train, EPA Administrator,
noted that Barber's  experience in
regulatory evaluation and development
uniquely qualifies him for the Air
Quality Planning and Standards post.
"Walt has participated in the
development of several of our most
significant air pollution regula-
tions," Train said.   "His skills  will
be invaluable as we  devise strategies
for dealing with hazardous air
emissions, stationary source pollu-
tion, and new policies related to
reducing ambient air pollution
   Walt joined EPA in 1974 as
Director of the Energy Policy Staff,
concerned with the environmental  and
economic impacts of  energy policies.
Previously, he had served as Director
of the Standards and Regulations
Division in the Office of Planning
and Evaluation.  From 1973 until  he
(Continued on page 3)

         by:  Dorothy Rose

   Complacency  is a human trait and
most of us, at  some time or other,
are guilty of not coming to grips
with reality.   However, when an awe-
some problem faces us we usually
rally around and tackle it head on.
   The energy crisis of 1973-74 was
a learning experience for most
Americans.  When we realized that
there might not be enough fuel for
automobiles, we formed car pools.
In winter we cut our heat down and in
summer we used  less air conditioning.
We turned off lights when we left a
room and tried  to use less hot water.
Unfortunately, the learning experi-
ence was not complete.  Lifting the
embargo did not make the real energy
crisis go away.   Big cars are coming
back, air conditioners are going full
speed in supermarkets, new model cars
of every size and description are sup-
planting old ones, commuter traffic
jams are getting worse and mass
transit systems are in trouble.
   The winter of 1973-74 has receded
in our minds and we think of it as a
bad dream.  It's true that fuel and
light bills are higher, but we have
adjusted to that and hope the worst
is over.
   We have not realized that the
world supply of petroleum is shrink-
ing.   Half of the American people
don't believe we have a long-term
energy problem and the half that does
see problems, can't agree on defini-
tions of them or solutions.   America's
energy sources are not sufficient  to
keep fueling our growing economy and
(Continued on page 2)
            Carol Sawicki
   The ever  efficient grapevine must
have broken  down recently because one
of the best  kept secrets of 1976 was
the award of a Bronze Medal to Carole
Sawicki  for  her work with the Federal
Women's  program.  Carole, who is never
at a loss for words, was completely
nonplussed when Dr.  John Knelson pre-
sented her with the  medal and certifi-
cate in  recognition  of her outstand-
ing leadership and direction in work-
ing with the program.   When Carole
regained her composure she said, "I
am pleased to accept this medal on
behalf of all the women in EPA.  We
have a wealth of talented women in
the Agency and all we need is the
support  of management.  I appreciate
receiving this medal as an indication
of management's interest and concern."
   Carole was instrumental in assuring
that the Federal Women's program got
started  in the right direction.  Many
of you remember the  noontime seminars
which she arranged.   Along with plan-
ning and implementing  formal programs,
(Continued on page 2)

ENERGY CRISIS...  (Cont'd. from page 1) BRONZE MEDAL...(Cont'd. from page 1)
our enlarging population at the
accustomed low price.  The oil
embargo made that clear.  Domestic
petroleum supplies are not meeting
U.S. demands and our access to
foreign supplies cannot always be
counted on.  How long can we bury our
heads in the sand?
   We listen to talk of an energy
crisis, but we don't hear.  We know
there are devices to stave off these
problems, but we are unwilling to be
part of the solution.  He feel conser-
vation will eliminate jobs—higher
prices will destroy businesses—off-
shore drilling will wreck beaches; the
fears are real but our posture is that
of an ostrich.  Yet if we continue to
deal with energy in the future as we
have in the past, we will be on a
disaster course.
   There are many interconnected
energy problems.  Our growing
dependence on imported oil subjects
us to pressures over which we have no
control.  Local shortages of natural
gas or fuel oil are more frequent.
We must realize that even though
energy serves society, it is also a
polluter.  Any drastic change in the
availability and price of fuels will
have a severe impact on employment
and the economy.
   These issues underly a more
massive problem which is the van-
ishing of oil and natural gas - com-
modities on which America has
grown comfortable and prosperous.
How did we let all this happen?  Why
did we become so complacent?  How can
we extricate ourselves from these
dilemmas so that we can build a new
energy future?
   We must examine the values at
stake and establish priorities for
evaluating and choosing solutions to
our energy problems.  But first and
foremost we must stop being so com-
placent and literally lift our heads
out of the sand.
Carole has encouraged women to apply
for training and has served as a
counselor.  Her leadership qualities
and enthusiasm have been a keystone
in the program.
   In addition to this most recent
honor, Carole received the Equal
Opportunity Award in 1974 and the
following year she received the
Government Service Award for "superior
sustained performance in research and
development."  She was selected by EPA
Administrator Russell Train as one of
six outstanding Federal Women in EPA
in 1975.  She was also nominated as
Wake County Woman of the Year in 1976
as "... a leader professionally,
scholastically, and humanistically."
   Carole graduated from Highlands
High School in Fort Thomas, Kentucky
as valedictorian of her class.  She
was awarded the President's Scholar-
ship to the University of Cincinnati
where she graduated Cum Laude with a
double major in medical technology
and chemistry.  She was elected to
the Freshman and Sophomore Women's
Honorary Society and to Phi Beta
   Professionally, Carole is a Re-
search Chemist in the Atmospheric
Instrumentation Branch of the Environ-
mental Sciences Laboratory.  Her re-
search area is in the development of
air pollutant samplers and monitors
to detect and measure lead, sul-
fates, nitrates and other pollutants
in the atmosphere.  She has authored
or co-authored more than 20 papers
and five books.
   With coaching from her husband,
Gene, Carole has become one of the
top tennis players in the Triangle
   All EPA'ers, women and men, are
proud of Carole's accomplishments.
With EPA's efficient grapevine, it
was especially sweet to surprise her
and "The Cleaner Times" adds its
   The Word Processing Center has  two
new employees, Cynthia Bass  who  trans-
ferred from GSO/OA,  and Ramona Evans
who came from ESRL.   Welcome aboard!
   Darlene Jones of  the OA Word  Pro-
cessing Center and her husband,  Ray,
have returned from a four week tour
of Switzerland, Germany, France  and
Austria.   While there they visited
their daughter, Jennifer,  who is a
student at the University of Bern  in
   Thomas Link, an Environmental Pro-
tection Specialist in the Economic
Analysis Branch of SASD/OAQPS, re-
cently had an exhibition of  his  paint-
ings at the North Carolina State Uni-
versity Student Center in Raleigh.
We are sure it was successful, Tom.
   Janet Mangum, Fuel Process Branch/
IERL, gave birth to  a baby boy,
Brandon Scott, October 11.  Brandon
weighed in at 9 Ibs. 5 1/2 ozs.
Congratulations, Janet.
   D. Bruce Harris,  IERL/RTP, and  his
wife, Sue, became the proud  parents
of a little girl, Colleen Sue, on
October 3.  The following is the way
it was reported in the Process Meas-
urements Branch Monthly Activity Re-
port for October:
   "Following a nine month develop-
ment, Colleen Sue Harris successfully
initiated her ambient environmental
phase on October 3,  1976 with all
systems functioning  as expected.
Minor complaints have been noted
during frequent systems checks in  the
areas of noise and waste stream  con-
trol."  Different, eh wot!
   Once again the Federal  Employees
Association is sponsoring a  "SNOWBALL"
affair.  This annual event will  be
held December 4, from 9:00 p.m.  to
1:00 a.m., at the Raleigh Women's
Club, 3300 Women's Club Drive,
Raleigh, N.C.  There will  be a live
band, hors d'oeuvres and set-ups.
Get your tickets early from  your
RTPFEA representatives.  The cost  is
$6.00 per person for members and
$7.00 per person for nonmembers.
   If you like singing in the shower,
or if you have ever  had a wild desire
to sing in a barbershop quartet,
you'll love singing  "Barbershop  Har-
mony" with the Sound of Carolina
Chapter Sweet Adelines, Inc.  This
group meets at the First United
Methodist Church, Academy St., Cary,
N.C.  For further information, con-
tact Velma Gray, ext. 1301.
   Dr. Norbert Jaworski's Muscovy
ducks recently won five ribbons  at the
North Carolina State Fair for "Best
of Breed."  It seems these ducks are
considered part of the Jaworski  fami-
ly.  The family missed them  so much
when they moved here that they had
them flown to North  Carolina from
Corvallis, Oregon.

  Our "Up Front" secretaries for
November are Shirley Tabler, OAQPS,
and Anne Brent, HERL/ERC.
           Shirley Tabler

  For the past four years Shirley
has been secretary to Bern Steiger-
wald, Director, OAQPS.  She is a
native of West Virginia, a high
school graduate, and a member of
the National Honor Society.  She
attended evening classes at Mont-
gomery Jr. College, Takoma Park,
Md. and is planning to enroll  in
evening classes at UNC this spring.
Shirley, her husband, Howard,  and
daughter, Tammy, moved to Durham
from Alexandria, Va. eight years
ago.  Prior to working for Bern
Steigerwald she was in contract
property administration, CMD/OA,and
before that was with the Air Force
at the Pentagon and the Army Re-
search Office in Durham.  Shirley
does not have time to do all the
things she enjoys, however, she es-
pecially enjoys interior decorating,
designing and sewing her own clothes
and reading.  Her future goals in-
clude horseback riding lessons,
traveling to "off the beaten path"
places, and freelance writing and
  Bern Steigerwald says, "Shirley
Tabler brings many talents into her
role in OAQPS.   Her secretarial
skills are all  first rate -  short-
nand, typing, telephone,  travel,
office organization - and are taken
for granted by  all  of us.  It is
also very comforting that Shirley
is a perfectionist and I  can sign
correspondence  with great confi-
dence and little review.   She
reaches for new experiences  and
growth, both personally and  profes-
sionally, and has diversified with
the job.  She drafts increasingly
difficult letters, is involved with
Congressional correspondence and
recently handled arrangements for a
major international meeting  in
Washington.  As a person, Shirley
also comes out  on top and her
pleasing personal traits  add signi-
ficantly to her effectiveness. She
is a fine hostess and compliments
visitors with her care and concern.
Her appearance, dignified manner,
and quiet personality help provide
relaxed working conditions.   Both
professionally  and personally, I  am
proud to have Shirley represent me
and OAQPS."
             Anne Brent

   Anne Brent is secretary to
Dr. John Knelson, Director, HERL/ERC.
She is a native of Raleigh, North
Carolina, and attended elementary  and
high school there.  She received a
diploma from the Cortez  Peters Busi-
ness College, Washington,  D.C. in the
Commercial  General  Course.  Anne be-
gan her government  service as a clerk-
typist with the Department of Health,
Education and Welfare; then as a
clerk-stenographer  and a secretary
with the Department of Labor in
Washington, D.C.  In 1973, she moved
back to Raleigh and began work with
EPA as a secretary  in the Experimental
Biology Laboratory, then to the Office
of the Director, NERC, and finally
to her present position  in HERL.
Anne is the secretary of the Clarence
Poe Elementary School PTA and also
serves on the YWCA's Youth Advisory
Committee (Y-Teens).  She has an
eight-year old daughter, Kimberly Ann,
who keeps her quite busy.   Anne's
hobbies are bowling and  sewing.
   When we contacted Dr. Knelson, he
said, "The operation of  an office in-
volves many functions.   But even more
important is the atmosphere within
which those functions are conducted.
Anne Brent, with her gracious charm,
patience, and courteous  handling of
difficult situations that are a daily
routine in our office,  establishes a
harmonious, pleasant atmosphere to
work in.  She creates an image of
professionalism to  those we work with
outside our office, and, most impor-
tant of all, makes  those dozens of
little decisions each day that keep
me from making big  mistakes."

NEW  DEPUTY...  (Cont'd.  from page  1)
joined EPA, he was budget examiner
for  the Office of Management  and
   Walt holds a masters  Degree  in
Engineering from Catholic University
and  a Masters in Public Administra-
tion from Syracuse University where
he graduated magna cum  laude.   He  is
a  registered professional engineer.
   EPA/RTP welcomes Walt Barber to
North Carolina and to his new
exciting and challenging responsibi-

   Working with animals is unpredict-
able, according to Jackie Farmer,
Biological Laboratory Technician with
HERL.  While visiting "The Cleaner
Times" office, Jackie recalled one
escapade  when  a room  full of monkeys
got loose in the suspended ceiling
at the Hazleton laboratory at two
o'clock one early wintery morning.
"New latches had been installed on
the cages and  they weren't monkey
proof," said Jackie,  "and everybody
got out.  It was a wild time."
Another time and another place found
Jackie and others chasing monkeys
along the roof of an A & P store.
"but it's all  part of the job,"
according to Jackie.
   Up until last year, Jackie was the
only certified animal technologist in
North Carolina.  He was the 244th
person in the  country to become cer-
tified.  The American Association for
Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) has
established a  national program of
training and certification for lab-
oratory animal technicians.  "Those
of us working  with animals have spe-
cial responsibilities," said Jackie,
"and the  training and certification
program is one way to help ensure
high quality care for the animals
used in research."
   Last year,  the first training
course was taught in  the Research
Triangle area.  Dr. Phillip T.
Johnson^ University of North Carolina
Medical School, was chairman of the
Education Committee and coordinated
the course.  EPA'ers  Dr. Donald
Hinkle, Richard Linko and Jackie all
taught sections of the course or dem-
onstrated techniques  in animal care.
About 30 people were certified as a
result of the  class.  According to
Jackie,  "The certification program
is important in helping to achieve
and maintain high quality care."
   Over the past 16  years that Jackie
has been in the field, he has worked
with the usual rats, mice and guinea
pigs, plus oppossums, quail, pigs,
chimps, baboons, and many species of
monkeys.  Prior to joining EPA,
Jackie worked at Bionetics and
Hazleton Laboratories in Virginia.
During an experiment of implantation
of experimental tumors in mice at
Hazleton, Jackie noticed a small
tumor in a non-injected animal.  He
knew this was unusual and brought it
to the attention of the Group Leader.
It turned out to be an unusual mouse
tumor.  Because of Jackie's interest
and concern for animals, this new
tumor has been studied extensively.
The ultimate value to experimental
cancer chemotherapy will not be  known
for a number of years, but  it is  in-
vestigations such as  these which will
eventually provide more information
in the fight against  cancer.  Jackie
received a Special Accomplishment
Award in recognition  of his alert ob-
servation, technical  knowledge and
good judgment.
   Jackie joined EPA  in 1974 to work
specifically with the inhalation
toxicology group.   It's a program
which Jackie describes as "very  ex-
citing."  Under the law, EPA must
conduct thorough reviews of alternate
chemicals for pest control, this  in-
cludes older registered pesticides.
There is little inhalation toxicology
data on these older pesticides so
research in this area was started
within EPA in 1974.
   Along with professional interests,
Jackie is very active in Cary commu-
nity affairs.  He is  a member of the
Cary Jaycees.  When living in Vir-
ginia, he served as a Director and
was elected again as  Director of the
Cary Club last year.  The Jaycees
hold a Christmas party every year for
the less fortunate, sponsor special
Olympics, the Junior Miss contest,
plus many activities for young people.
   The Farmers have one son, Dean,
11 years old.  They enjoy gardening
and Jackie and his son like to hunt
and fish.
   Effective immediately—an automatic
telephone answering device with a
recorded message to provide current
information about positions announced
through the Merit Promotion Plan, plus
other special recruitment eforts, has
been installed at the Environmental
Protection Agency, Research Triangle
Park, North Carolina.
   You may reach this recording by
dialing:  in-house 1339; FTS 629-1339;
or commercial (919) 688-8146, ext.
   The Civil Service Commission is now
accepting applications for Summer Jobs
for 1977.  Applications will be ac-
cepted through January 13, 1977.  For
more information and applications for
Summer Jobs, interested persons should
contact the Federal Job Information
Center, Room 108, Federal Building,
Raleigh, N. C. 27611.  The toll free
telephone number is 1-800-662-7720.
Persons in the Raleigh area may call
their local number, 755-4361.
JANUARY 13, 1977.
   The following awards were approved
during October 1976:
   Portia Britt - HERL
   Emily R. Lee - HERL
   Mary E. Parrish -  ESRL
   Alden B. Arnold -  ESRL
   Ramona G.  Evans -  ESRL
   Lucy Phillips - EMSL
   Ronald H.  Calliari - HERL
 The CLEANER TIMES  a  published monthly  by Public
 Affairs. Office of Administration  U S Environmental
 Protection Agency. Research Triangle Park. N C 27711
 Liz Martin
 Dorothy Rose
 Elaine Hyman
Assistant Editor
 Produced with the assistance of the Word Processing Center.
 Graphics. Composition, and  Printing Sections. GSO. Forms
 and Publications Center. GSD