Vol. 6, No. 4
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                                                                                               April 1977

    Personnel  Act:   Title  IV

           "A  Talent  Bank"
                 by Elaine Hyman
   When at the University of Cincinnati, Pat Garrett
is Chairman of the Department of Electrical Engineer-
ing and Technology.  But for today,  Pat is on tempor-
ary assignment with the Industrial Environmental
Research Laboratory (IERL) working as an Electrical
Engineer—a far cry from the academic world to which
he is accustomed.
   After one year, Pat will return to the University
of Cincinnati. How is this all possible?  Simple.
The "mobility assignment," a term generally used  for
sharing of talent between the Federal Government,
the State and local governments, and institutions of
higher education is authorized by Title IV of the
Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) of 1970.
   Pat had many good things to say about the program,
but he is particularly impressed with the Triangle
Area and finds it "very desirable."   "The cost of
living is lower," he said,  "while the quality of
life is higher."  It may not be his Utopia, but
economically the Triangle area has its advantages.
   Title IV of the IPA is designed to improve the
delivery of government services to all levels of
government by bringing the specialized knowledge  and
experience of skilled people to handle problems that
are of mutual concern.  The program also strengthens
intergovernmental understanding,  broadens  the perspec-
tive of those in the program and  increases  the person-
nel resources.
   Special care is given to preserving the  rights and
benefits of IPA employees so they will be  better  able
to accept temporary assignments.
(Continued on page 2)
               Banking  on the Environment
                                by Liz Martin

                                George Goldstein

                  Chemicals are an  important part of our daily lives.
                They make  up the food we eat, the clothes we wear and,
                in fact, our bodies.  Like many things,  however, chem-
                icals in tiny or "trace" amounts are essential to
                human life; others can be deadly.
                  For example, scientists recently discovered that
                asbestos and vinyl chloride, two chemicals commonly
                used to make a variety of consumer goods, caused can-
                cer in workers some 20 to 30 years after they were
                exposed to the substances.  And a few months ago, con-
                sumers learned that chlorine, which is routinely added
                to drinking water in many municipalities to kill dis-
                ease-causing bacteria, apparently reacts with chemical
                pollutants in the water to form barely detectable, but
                potentially dangerous, amounts of cancer-causing agents.
                (Continued on page 4)

 Seventh Annual Arts and Crafts Show        The EEO Counseling Program
    This is the seventh year the Research  Triangle
 Federal Employee's Association (RTFEA)  is sponsoring
 an arts and crafts show.   It will  be  held May  10-13,
 from noon until  5:30 p.m.  and until noon  on  the  last
 day, in EPA's Environmental  Research  Center  Auditorium.
 All employees in the Research Triangle  Park  and  their
 immediate families are invited to  participate.
    THE RTFEA Annual  Poster Contest, held  on  April 1,
 1977, attracted  an array  of designs from  kites to
 slot machines.  This year's winners are:   Charissa
 Fulford (Age 4); Cindy Nesnow (Age 4),  Larry
 Dockery (Age 11);  Lawton  Dockery (Age 13), and
 Suzi DeMarrais (Age 12).   The posters will be dis-   - .
 played in the Research Triangle Park's  businesses
 to publicize the upcoming  Arts and Crafts Show.
    In addition to  the posters, entries  may be sub-
 mitted in the following categories:   Prints  and  .    - -
 drawings; paintings; watercolors;  water acrylics;
 egg tempura; ink washes;  photography; pottery; lapidary
 art; ceramics; decoupage;  macrame; mosaic; glasscraft;
 woodworking; wood  inlay or carving; leather  craft;
 metal craft; jewelry; decorative creations;  weaving;
 crocheted articles;  knitted  articles; needlepoint;
 crewel/embroidery; cross  stitch.   First,  second, and
 third place ribbons  will  be  awarded for each category.
    Entry blanks  must be submitted  by  May  4 to Belinda
 Trutna, EPA, MD-51,  Research Triangle Park,  N.C. 27711.
 Phone:   549-8411,  ext.  2883.

 INTERGOVERNMENTAL....(continued from  page 1)
    "I see my role  in  EPA as one of support to on-going
 programs  that would  not otherwise get done,"  Pat com-
 mented.  "My  biggest  project will involve placing the IERL
wind  tunnel  under  computer control,"  he  continued.
    Pat  admits being  three times as busy  here  as at  the
 University but considers it challenging.
    "I'm not  looking  for another job,  but getting away from
 the academic routine has been an enriching experience."
    Generally, applicants should have  at  least four
years of  postdoctoral experience, including teaching
 and work  in  the  private sector.  Candidates should
 also  have demonstrated an interest in  independent in-
 vestigation  and  have a desire to expand  professionally.
    Assignments are intended to be temporary and are
generally for a one year period.  So,  Pat Garrett,  EPA
Electrical Engineer, will  become Professor Garrett,
Department Chairman, come September 1977.
    EPA/North Carolina has approximately  29 IPA  employ-
ees on board at  this time.   It is our  hope to intro-
duce you to others as the months go by.
   While  the EEO program is not yet off the ground  in
 North Carolina, progress is being made.  Seven newly
 appointed counselors are undergoing an extensive  train-
 ing  program which will enable them to better assist you.
   Counseling is the first stage in the discrimination
 complaint process.  Counselors must try to resolve  EEO-
 related problems informally in a short period of  time
 whenever  possible.  The EEO Counselors, through inter-
 views and inquiries, attempt to resolve these problems
 in 21 calendar days or less.
   EEO Counselors establish open and sympathetic  com-
 munication channels through which employees may raise
 questions, discuss grievances, get answers, and,  on an
 informal  basis, find a resolution to problems connected
 with equal employment opportunity.  Counselors serve as
 bridges between employees and management.   They try to
 clear up  problems which are brought to their attention
 by employees.  Counselors discuss the employee's  prob-
 lems with the employee, and with the employee's super-
 visors or associates.
   EEO Counseling is available to all job applicants
 and  employees.  Men and women who feel they have  been
 discriminated against because of their race, color,
 religion, sex, age, or national origin have equal
 access to EEO Counseling.
   Applicants for employment with the agency as well
 as employees must discuss EEO-related problems with an
 EEO  Counselor before they may file a complaint of
  Resource Recovery  Technology,  an  implementation
  seminar, will  be held  April  28-29  at  the  Hyatt
  Regency Hotel,  Washington,  D.  C.   The seminar is
  pesented by the Resource  Recovery  Division, Office
  of Solid Waste,  U.S.  EPA,  in cooperation  with the
  National Association  of Counties,  National  League
  of Cities,  and  the U.S. Conference of Mayors.
  The 32nd Annual  Purdue  Industrial Waste Conference
  will  be  held at  Stewart Center, Purdue University,
  West  Lafayette,  Indiana, May  10-12, 1977.

  The 2nd  National Conference on the Interagency
  Energy/Environment R&D Program sponsored by EPA
  in  conjunction with other related agencies, will
  be  held  June 6-7 at the Sheraton-Park Hotel,
  Washington, D. C.
 The CLEANER TIMES is published monthly by Public Affairs.
 Office of Administration. U S Environmental Protection Agency,
 Research Triangle Park, N C 27711
 Liz Martin  	
 Dorothy Rose  .
 Elaine Hyman
Assistant Editor
.  . .  Reporter
 Produced with the assistance of the Word Processing Center.
 Graphics, Composition, Printing Sections, and Forms and Publica-
 tions Center, GSD

Who's  Up  Front?
   Our "Up Front"  secretaries  this month are:  Mary
Jane Clark, ESED/OAQPS  and  Portia Britt, HERL/RTP.
                                      Mary Jane  Clark
   Mary Jane Clark,  a Durham,  N.  C.  native,  is a
graduate of Northern High  School  in  Durham and
Hardbarger Business  College  in Raleigh.   She is
married to James H.  Clark, Jr.,  sales manager at
Bradley Lincoln Mercury.   The  couple have just
bought a home and do not have  any children as
yet.  They do, however, have a dog,  an  Irish
Setter, who thinks she is  a  person.  Mary Jane
has lived in Durham  all her  life except  for  five
years when she traveled with her husband who was
in the Air Force.   She obtained  her  first civil
service position while in  the  Philippines.   When
she returned to Durham she came  to work  for  EPA,
filling in for Bob Neligan's secretary who was
on maternity leave.   Her present job is  secretary
to Don Goodwin, Director,  ESED/OAQPS.  Mary  Jane
is very close to her family  which keeps  her  busy
because when you have a large  family there is
always something going on.   She  enjoys all outdoor
sports, especially water skiing  and  softball.  She
and her husband are  active in  all  the sports programs
offered by the Durham Recreation Department.
   When contacted, Don Goodwin said, "I  am continually
amazed at the rapport Mary Jane  Clark has developed
with many of this Division's contacts around the
nation.  She is the  person hundreds  of  industry,
government, and environmental  people contact when
they seek answers to schedules,  meetings, and
general information  about  our  work.  Because of
her knowledge and willingness  to help those  seeking
 information, on many days she will  save me  five
 to ten telephone calls.   She is  intelligent,
 friendly, and has a real  concern that  those seeking
 information about our regulatory work  should  receive
 courteous consideration  and prompt,  correct answers
 to their questions.
    It is always nice to  have one of  our "customers"
 and frequently an adverse customer  compliment me on
 the work of someone in this Division.  This happens
 frequently, but it is especially nice  to have someone
 say -- you certainly are fortunate  to  have  such a
 competent secretary -- this also happens frequently.
    I have always felt that the most  important qualifi-
• cation of a good secretary is a  pleasant personality.
 Mrs. Clark certainly has a pleasant  personality; and
 when you add to this her ability, it adds up  to a  top
 professional secretary.   We are  very fortunate to  have
- her in-this Division."
     Portia Britt
    Portia Britt, a North Carolina native,  graduated
 from Willis Hare High School  in Pendleton,  N.C.,
 where she was president of her senior class.   She
 later attended Durham Technical Institute,  received
 an associate degree in secretarial  science,  and made
 the president's honor list.   Portia has  worked for
 EPA since 1971.  At present  she is  secretary to Carl
 Hayes, Chief, Epidemiology Branch.   She  enjoys
 reading and meeting people.
    The Epidemiology Branch is very  proud of  Portia.
 When Carl Hayes was asked to  comment he  said the
 Branch would like to reply.   Here is what  the group
 had to say about Portia.  "Portia is both  an
 excellent secretary and a fine personal  example for
 all the people in our group.   She has a  most unusual
 (Continued  on  page  8)

 BANKING ON	(continued from page 1)
    These examples  are only two of the  discoveries made
 possible in  part because scientists  have developed
 more  sensitive,  accurate ways of detecting  and measur-
 ing trace chemicals  present in very  low concentrations
 in  food,  tissues,  water and air.   Now  people are begin-
 ning  to wonder which of the apparently harmless chemi-
 cals  in our  present  day environment  might prove to  be
 health  hazards.
    Finding an answer to this question  is the major
 reason  that  the  Environmental  Protection Agency, the
 National  Bureau  of Standards (NBS),  and the National
 Science Foundation are studying the  feasibility of  a
 National  Environmental  Specimen Bank (NESB).
    Dr.  George M. Goldstein, Chief, Clinical Path-
 ology Branch, is coordinating EPA efforts in the devel-
 opment  of the NESB.
    "In  EPA's mission  of protecting human health, it ij
 necessary  to control  the levels of harmful  substances
 entering our environment,"  explained George.  "We need
 to  determine the concentrations of harmful  substances
 in  the  environment and  estimate their  potential dan-
 gers.    The Specimen Bank will  serve  as an 'ecological
 indicator' or monitoring system by analyzing represen-
 tative  portions of samples  at  the  time of introduction
 into  the bank.  This  real-time monitoring would help us
 detect  potentially new health  hazards  and assess the
 effectiveness of present pollution control  measures."
    A major goal of this  bank would be  to sample and
 store for  future analysis a  variety  of environmental
 samples from human, animal  and plant tissues, sediments,
 air particulates and  water.  The availability of such
 samples would enable  scientists to rapidly  evaluate the
 levels  of  unknown  or  previously unmeasurable chemicals
 in  the  environment.
    "We  need this retrospective data," George continued,
 "so that when new  chemicals  are encountered we can go
 back  in time and measure these  baseline concentrations
 in  the  stored samples.   This will also enable us to
 detect  any increases  or  decreases of particular chemi-
 cals  in the environment  over a period of many years and
 help pinpoint potential  problem areas."
   Another significant outcome of the NESB  program
would be to provide the  scientific community with
 standardized protocols  for  sample collection, prepara-
 tion,  storage, and analysis  for a diversity of elements
 and chemicals in a variety  of ecologically-important
   One  of  the major problems  in setting up  the NESB is
 to establish accurate  sampling and storage  procedures.
 Sampling is an extremely difficult procedure since in
many cases potential   contaminants may  be introduced in
 the same or higher concentrations—parts per billion--
 as the substances  which  scientists are interested in
 measuring.   In  fact,  contaminants can be introduced at
 almost any  stage in the  sampling, handling, storage,
 preservation and,  ultimately, analysis.
    The NBS  Analytical Chemistry Division is well
 equipped for the job  since  it has an active division-
 wide program already  underway in trace analysis.  For
 some time,  NBS  has been  involved in the preparation of
 "ultrapure  reagents"  and  Standard Reference Materials
 useful  in analyzing for  trace chemicals.  Many sophis-
 ticated methods for detecting and measuring trace
 chemicals have  also been  developed.
    For example, one NBS chemist has developed a non-
 contaminating sampling system for water and another
 NBS chemist has developed a monitor which can measure
 extremely low levels  of chlorine in water.
    If it turns  out that the bank is a feasible project,
 NBS will  assist EPA in establishing it.
    It is anticipated  that this formalized, systematic
 approach of the NESB, defining our current environmen-
 tal hazards, will  replace the present system of random-
 ized studies  (often without proper validation) used by
 many State  and  Federal regulatory agencies as well as
 other interested parties  in proposing environmental
 quality standards  and limits for control technology.
 If these types  of  monitoring programs are to continue,
 as they must to protect our environment as well as the
 health of our population, then it is necessary to es-
 tablish and define the basic scientific information
 required to sustain such  a  specimen banking system.
 The NESB, if operational, would provide future genera-
 tions with  an important resource for evaluating their
 current environmental influences.
    According to George,  "The specimen bank is  still  in
 the future, but,"  he continued,  "the information we're
 already collecting about trace chemicals and roles they
 play in  human health are  invaluable."
    Portions of this article appeared in Dimensions,  the
 monthly news magazine of the National  Bureau of Stand-
            Have You Moved,  Pray Tell?

   If you have changed your job, location, or mail  drop
number recently, please notify the Public Affairs
office.  The only way we can be sure of getting  the
Cleaner Times to all  employees at their individual
mail  drop is if we have the correct MD number.   So
please, be sure to let us know if you have made  a
change or are planning to make a change.

           Are  You  a  Member
         of  the  Credit  Union?

   "THE RTP FEDERAL CREDIT UNION has just admitted  its
2000th member,"  according to Jerry C. Husketh,  member
of the Board of  Directors for the Credit Union.   "That,
coupled with the fact that total assets reached the S3
million mark in  December 1976,  confirms the Credit
Union as a sound business venture now going into its
9th year.
   "The 2,000th  member, Dr. Neil Carmichael of NIEHS,
joined in February simply  because where else can you
get better than  6% return  on short term money,  borrow
for less than local  lending institutions, and get free
loan insurance to boot?
   "I'm amazed," Jerry continued, "to find that, for
various reasons, lots of eligible people still  have
   Shown  left to right are John Creason, Gladys  Adams,
   and  Lucy  Flagler.
not joined up.  Most folks,  I'm sure,  are just not
aware of their eligibility.   Our report  indicates
there are 955 potential  members still  unreached.  You
would think that cheaper loan rates  and  consistently
high dividends would be enough to entice them, but
that's not all we offer.  Free title work,  notary
public service, night deposit boxes  and  a great staff--
how could you go wrong?"
   According to Jerry, the Board of  Directors will soon
act on policies of First Mortgages on  home  loans which
should round out this long list of services.  The next
item of interest to customers that the Board is consid-
ering is a new car buying/leasing arrangement with area
dealers, where, as an information service,  the credit
union will help members buying new cars  secure the best
new car deals available.
Shown left to  right are Wanda Stone and Mary  Pollard.

   "The list of upcoming services  goes  on and on and
will  increase  with time,"  continued Jerry.  "Right now,
of course,  we  are still interested in preserving our
loss  ratio.  The dedication of our office staff and the
credit committee has insured investors  in the Credit
Union that losses by default will  be kept down to neg-
ligible rates.  Of course, good salaries, few layoffs,
and credit-worthy clientele have made this  job somewhat
   Eligibility for membership, according to the charter,
is allowed any permanent employee  of an agency, Federal
or non-Federal, whose office lies  within the  boundaries
of the Research Triangle Park and  is not presently
served by another credit union.
   The only requirement is permanent status and a
minimum of one year of employment.
Shown left to right  are Wanda Stone, Mary Pollard,
Gladys Adams, and  in  right foreground, Peggy Clements.

 Meetings  and Speaking Engagements      Person-to-Person
    On March 21, Dr. Norbert Jaworski, Deputy Director,
 IERL/RTP, gave an overview of EPA's activities with
 specific  reference to IERL/RTP, to a seminar at North
 Carolina  State University, Raleigh, N. C.
    Early  in April, Bill Hunt, MDAD/OAQPS, briefed
 the New Jersey Department of Environmental  Protec-
 tion,  Trenton, Mew Jersey, on the Pollutant
 Standards  Index.
   Walter Barber, Director, OAQPS, spoke to the  Down-
 town Lions Club on "Proposed Future Plans of EPA," at
 a  luncheon meeting, April 13.
   Judy Graham, a microbiologist in the Biomedical
 Research Branch, HERL/RTP, addressed a group of  approx-
 imately 40 students on the "Physiological  Effects of  a
 Number of Pollutants," at the Indiana University of
 Pennsylvania,  Indiana, Pennsylvania, April  15.
   Joe Bumgarner, EMSL/RTP,  gave an overview of EPA
in North Carolina to two science classes at Sanderson
High School, Raleigh, N. C., April  18.
    John  O'Connor, Stan Coerr, Jo Cooper, Bob Kellam,
 Joe Padgett,  and Patricia Ragan from SASD attended
 the Lead Public Meeting held in Washington, D.  C.
 on April 18.   The meeting provided an opportunity
 for interested persons to present their views and
 submit information for consideration by the Agency
 in the development of the National Ambient Air
 Quality  Standard for Lead.
   George Goldstein attended an International  Workshop
on Biological Specimen Collection held in  Kirchberg,
Luxembourg, April 18-22.  He chaired a session on
"Program Design,"  Sponsors included:   EPA,  Commission
of the European Communities, and the World Health
   Bill Hunt, Tom Curran,  Bob Faoro,  and Jon
Clark, all of MDAD/OAQPS,  held a  briefing  session,
April 20, for representatives of  the  ten regional
offices at Quail  Roost in  Durham,  on  the Air Data
Screening System.
   Dr. M.  Hadzuka,  Clinical  Studies Lab/HERL, will
talk to 30 junior nursing  students and invited guests
at the Watts  Hospital  School of Nursing, Durham, N. C.,
May 3.  Dr. Hadzuka will discuss the "Effects of Air
Pollution  on  Health."
   At a luncheon meeting of the  West  Durham Exchange
Club at the Acorn Restaurant on  May 4, Norman Childs,
Support Services Office/RTP, will  give an overview
of EPA in North Carolina.
   Jerry Slaymaker,  Chief,  Systems Development Section,
OAQPS, will  discuss  "AEROS  Software Development Stand-
ards" at a meeting of  the Central Carolina Chapter of
the Association for  Computing Machinery on May 10 at
the Triangle University  Computer Center.
    A strong  backhand,  impeccable net game, accurate
 serve,  and smashing overheads—sounds like lots of
 EPA tennis players.  But Carole Sawicki, ESRL, put
 it all  together  to win the singles AND the doubles
 in the  North Carolina Heart Association Closed
 Tournament.   She won the singles 6-4, 6-1.  Then
 she teamed up with Dottie DuDose, Raleigh City
 Champion, to whip the State high school doubles
 champions, 6-7,  6-2, 6-0.  Carole now moves on to
 the Regional  competition and after that the State
 and National  play-offs.  And after that?  Watch
 out Forest Hills!
    Elmer and  Velma Gray, CMD/OA, are district
 directors for the National Campers and Hikers
 Association  (NCHA).  Recently they were honored by
 receiving a cash award from Woodall Publishing
 Company and a portable color TV set from NCHA.
 The award was made to them as directors of a group
 whose district met the necessary requirements in
 the NCHA membership contest for the month of

    Paul  and Anne Weaver, field directors under
 Elmer and Velma, were also winners for bringing
 eleven (11) new members into NCHA.

    The awards will be presented to the Grays and
 the Weavers at the 1977 NCHA National Campvention
 at Duquoin, Illinois in July.

    The Grays  are residents of Cary and the Weavers
 reside in Morrisville, North Carolina.
   EPA's Dick Jenkins has done it again.   Aside from
being a super skier, Dick is also a track and field
enthusiast.  Dick entered the Occidental  International
Masters Track and Field Championships held earlier
this month and ran off with two gold medals in the
3000 meter Steeplechase and the Predict Your Time
mile.  This is Dick's fourth gold medal in that

   There were over 300 athletes from 30 states and
Canada competing in over 1,000 events in  this 7th
annual meet.  The meet is open to all ages -- in
fact, there are nine categories relating  to age
starting with 30 and ending with the over 70 year
olds.  Some of the participants were former Olympic
or college stars, but most of the contenders were
"regular" people who have been challenged to improve
their fitness.  The track meet is the culmination of
a year of preparation.

   This is Dick's fourth meet.  Dick stopped smoking
about seven years ago and suddenly found  that he had
so much more energy that he took up jogging.
Congratulations, Dick.  Most of us are sitting here
in admiration!
   Lynn Pendergraft's,  IERL,  brood  mare,  Lady  Leo
Mar foaled a stud colt  on  Tuesday,  April  5.  A
name has not been given to the  new  colt as yet.
All (including Lynn)  are doing  well.
   Susan Watson,  SASD,  was married  to George Fuller
of Apex on April  16  at  Mt. Pisgah Baptist Church.
Our heartiest congratulations, Susan.

(Continued on page 7)

                  TVA/EPA  Report  Marks  Scrubber  Progress
    Pilot-scale  tests aimed at overcoming reliability
 problems with sulfur dioxide scrubbers have shown
 promising  results, according to a report published
 by  TVA and EPA.
    The tests have been carried out at TVA's
 Colbert Steam Plant in northwest Alabama since
 July  1975  with  5600,000 in EPA funds as part of a
 joint energy-environment research program being
 carried out by  the two agencies.  EPA's Project
 Officer is John E. Williams of the Industrial
 Environmental Research Laboratory.
    The test facility at Colbert was originally
 built by TVA for about SI million to supply
 operating  and design data for a full-scale
 scrubber nearing completion at the nearby Widows
 Creek Steam Plant.
    One of  the difficulties in using scrubbers, which
 prevent sulfur dioxide formed in coal-fired power
 plant furnaces from reaching the air, is to keep
 the part called the mist eliminator free from
 plugging.  Dr. Gerald A.  Hoi linden, an air quality
 specialist on TVA's Power Research Staff, said
 that  solids from the lime or limestone scrubbing
 process can build up in the mist eliminator.
 If  this happens, the generating unit may be forced
 to  shut down while the solids are removed.
 Chemical scale is even harder to remove and can
 cause a longer outage.
    "What we've demonstrated," Hollinden said,  "are
  effective ways to wash the mist eliminator with
  small  amounts of water and keep the solids from
  building up.
     "In principle, the problem can be solved by
  washing the mist eliminator with large amounts of
  water," he said, "but that would add excess water
  to  the scrubber that would have to be disposed of as
  liquid discharges, so we can only add a little water
  at  a  time.
     "When the fresh water  allowable  isn't enough,"
 Hollinden continued,  "liquid  residue  from  the
_scrubbing process  is  recycled  to  supplement the
 water.  This generally increases  the  scaling prob-
 lem, but we've had  very good results with the
 right method of applying  the  liquid residue followed
 by  fresh water."
     Hoi linden said  that the tests  were  encouraging
 and that both TVA  and EPA hoped  the method would
 work with much larger equipment.   Full-sized
 scrubbers for generating  units must handle gas
 volumes hundreds  of times larger  than  those used
 in  the  TVA pilot  tests.
     Electric utilities nationwide  will  be using
 scrubbers to a greater extent  in  the  future to con-
 trol sulfur dioxide emissions  from  coal-fired
 boilers.  If mist  eliminator  performance is proven
 out in  large-scale testing, TVA  said,  one more step
 will have been taken  toward improving  the  relia-
 bility  of scrubber operation.
PERSON-TO	(continued  from  paqe  6)

   Eldner L. Arrington,  a student working in  IERL,
was awarded a fellowship for the academic year 1977-78
in the amount of $2,000 plus tuition to attend the
University of North Carolina to earn a Master of
Business Administration degree and eventually assume
a managerial position in business.  Upon successful
completion of the first year of graduate business
study, the fellowship will be renewed.  The fellow-
ship was awarded by the Consortium for Graduate
Study in Management which is made up of six univer-
sities, one of which is the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.  The objective of the
Consortium for Graduate Study in Management is to
hasten the entry of minority men and women into
management positions in business.   To attain  this
objective, the Consortium recruits capable young
men and women and provides them with the fellowships
to pursue a high quality educational program leading
to a Master's degree.  Eldner will be leaving EPA at
the end of the summer.  IERL will  be sorry to lose
her, but we all wish her the best of luck.
   Dr. Julian Hunt of Cambridge University, England,
began a six-month assignment at the Fluid Modeling
Facility.  Dr. Hunt, a well-known and widely published
mathematician and fluid dynamicist, will  conduct
      The following awards were approved during March
        Franklin C. Pendleton  - HERL
        Mirdza L. Peterson - HERL
        Brenda P. Foil -  IERL
        Frank M. Noonan - OAQPS

        Shirley I.  Milton -  IERL
 experiments in the water channel/towing tank and
 meteorological wind tunnel  in  conjunction with a
 grant to North Carolina State  University.  He will
 also present a series of lectures  on atmospheric
 turbulence and diffusion around  hills and buildings.

    Bill  McDowell, Standards  Development Branch,
 ESED/OAQPS, and his wife Chris are the proud parents
 of a baby boy, George Michael.   George was born
 March 11 at Durham County General and weighed
 16.8 kg. or 7 Ibs. 10 ozs.

    Terry Adkins is leaving SASD  to begin a new job
 in ESED.  Good luck Terry.

Women's  Health  Care

Issues  Explored

   The future direction of health care for women is
examined in a new publication of HEW's National  Center
for Health Services  Research (NCHSR), Health Resources
Administration (HRA).
   "Women and Their  Health:  Research Implications for
a New Era" is the result  of a two-day conference spon-
sored by NCHSR in cooperation with HRA's Federal Women's
Program and the School  of Nursing at the University of
California, San Francisco.                       .     .. .
   Dr. Gerald Rosenthal,  NCHSR  Director and conference
participant, explained,  "The conference focused on
women as consumers of health services and provided a
forum for researchers from all  over  the country to
exchange ideas and to propose vital  questions about
issues of women's health  care for  the future."
   Gladys Handy, Deputy Commissioner of Higher Educa-
tion, Pennsylvania State  Department  of Education, found
that the major issues related to the health of women
have not been adequately  investigated; that biases are
reflected in the selection of issues, in research
methods and design,  and in  the  analysis and interpreta-
tion of results; and that the exclusion of women from
the research process, except as objects of research,
has led to a failure to seriously  consider certain
issues that are relevant to  health care for women.
    In a discussion of vital  statistics and what they
tell about women and their  health, Dr. Jean Lipman-
Blumen, Director of the Women's Research Program,
National  Institute of Education, said, "As a  brief
overview, women are living  longer, marrying later,
remarrying  less frequently,  having and expecting  to
have  fewer children, and often  planning to have no
children."  The sociologist found  that women  are  the
largest consumers of the  nation's  health services,
averaging 25% more visits to doctors than men.  How-
ever, Dr. Joanna Kravits, Director of Information
Services, Massachusetts Hospital Association, pointed
out that childbirth and the  fact that more women
survive to old age "wipes out virtually all of the
differences between the sexes in all kinds of health
care use."
   Women comprise 70% of  all health  workers in the U.S.,
yet only 9% of active physicians in  the U.S.  are women.
   The NCHSR publication, (HRA) 76-3138, is available
upon  request from the National  Center for Health
Services Research, Room 15-30,  5600  Fishers Lane,
Rockville, Maryland  20857.
Personnel  Corner
   You or any covered member of your family can change
 to a nongroup health benefits contract  (private policy)
 offered by the same company without  evidence of
 insurability.  This option is available to you when
 coverage ends for any reason other than voluntary
 cancellation or your change to self  only.
   This provision also applies to your  child who
 reaches age 22, and to your spouse at the time of
 divorce or annulment.  It would also apply  to your
 child who marries prior to age 22, but  it would not
 apply to the child's spouse in the case of  their
 application for a private family policy.
    If you have any questions concerning health
 benefits, please contact the Personnel  Management
 Division, extension 1321, for assistance.
WHO'S UP	 (continued from page  3)
ability to work quickly, cheerfully,  and well.   In
the confusion which so often seems to prevail, she
proves herself again and again to  be  a force  for
order.  Her desk gathers more paper than any  other
in our group, yet it is one of the neatest.
Portia is an excellent listener, and  when  she talks
she says something worth hearing.   Her excellent
taste in clothes graces the office with a  bright-
ness  it would not otherwise have.   By her  nature
Portia has won our affection; by her  efforts  she
has earned our respect."
    Keeping up with EPA's  prolific  blood donors is a
 job, and we goofed.   We apologize  for errors made in
 our letter of March 25.
       6 pints—working on his  4th  gallon
       2 pints—and working on  his  4th gallon
       3 Pints
       2 Pints