"Tiie public wants clean air,
clean water, sensible use of
resources; no brown-outs and
no smog-outs, no products,
conveniences or services that
poison them slowly or quickly;
no beautiful high-sounding
claims by industry or Government
that are not backed by
solid performance' no short-term
gains and long-term
losses; no lame excuses;
                                             December, 1971
                  The Winter solstice has always been a period of hope,
   of renewal and of expectation for mankind.   During these sacred holidays
   we traditionally lay aside daily routines in order to examine the purpose
   and direction of our lives, relating our own actions to the cosmic order
   we see around us. I believe there are unmistakeable signs that this kind
              of serious thinking is no longer just a seasonal activity.
                         In recent years the ancient spiritual thrust
       symbolized by Christmas has taken the paradoxical form of a renewed
      dedication to the world environment--a determination to take nothing
   from the earth that we cannot give back, to safeguard every living thing,
   to preserve the beauty and balance of nature, to purify the water and the
  air, to recycle our wastes, to diminish the clamor of machines, to control
                               technology, and to limit population.
                  Every day more people turn from the vain striving and
       false gods of the past and begin to act as responsible members of a
                                           planetary household.
                        Indeed, what mankind is struggling for today,
 despite superficial evidence to the contrary, is not material goods but the
          reassurance of universal values and the primacy of common sense.
            We in EPA can help provide that reassurance.  We are engaged
   in a noble work, an endeavor which must succeed if mankind is to survive.
                   The past year has brought us closer to the goal of a
                clean and orderly society in which man can live at peace
   with himself and in harmony with his natural surroundings. We still have
        a long way to go but I am confident we shall attain our objective.
                                   We must not relax our efforts.
                        In celebrating the accomplishments of the old
               year, we anticipate and welcome the challenge of the new.
                                    SEASONS GREETINGS
                                          FROM  THE


    Premium  rates  for  the  high options of group health
 insurance  plans  participating in the  Federal Employees
 Healt'i Benefits program were recently  announced by the
 Civil  Service Commission  The  new  rates  will  become
 effective in January 1972.

    The new  premiums  have  been held  to  an   absolute
 minimum,  the Commission said

    While premiums generally will be higher m 1972, a few
 plans, including the  Government-wide  Indemnity  Benefit
 Plan (Aetna), will be the same in 1972 as  in 1971

    As previously announced, benefits will not be changed in
 1972  An  open season will  be  held from November 15
 through December  31, 1971, during which employees  may
 enroll m a  plan or change plans and options and change from
 self to family coverage, annuitants may change  plans and
 coverage but may not newly enroll in a plan

    The  standard  Government  contribution to  health
 insurance  premiums is fixed by  law  at  40 percent of the
average  high-option premium of the six  largest plans Since
this average biweekly  premium for self-only coverage will be
increased m January from $8.65 to $9.75, the Government's
standard contribution will be increased from $3 46 to $3.90
biweekly, and since the average premium  for family coverage
will  be  increased from  $21 60 to  $24 46 biweekly, the
Government's standard contribution  will be increased from
$8.64 to $9.78 for a family enrollment.

   Thus for employees in some plans whose premiums are
not being  raised,  the higher  Government contribution will
result in a  slightly smaller pay deduction m 1972 than m

   A new plan in the  1972 program is the Compcare Plan It
is  of the  group-practice prepayment type,  and  will  be
available only  to EPA employees in the Milwaukee  and
Marshfield, Wisconsin areas

   A comparison of the 1971 and 1972 high-option biweekly
premiums of the major plans, whose average determines the
Government contribution, is attached.
Plan & High-Option
B lue Cross - Blue Shield  1
Self Only
Aetna- 317,900
Self Only
Total Premium
$12 15



Kaiser of Northern California - 44,800
Self Only
20 18
2 17
Kaiser of Southern California - 31,100
Self Only
* As of June 30, 1971
2 17
Employee Deduction





11 54


-1 14


1 03
1972 1971
$3 90 $3 46
9 78 8 64

3 90 3.46
9 78 8 64

3 90 3 46
9 78 8 64

3 90 3.46
9 78 8.64
1 14

1 14

1 14

1 14


                      '.Hi	!!.	'.!.	li,...HIIHIIIIilii!i	JM -_
                     -	*--	t-rr-:	r-^i    .r . ..  ar-            ""~'
   7/?e Southeast Water Laboratory (SEWL) at Athens, Georgia is a major EPA facility for  the conduct of water pollution
   research. Here, over 100 employees are at work to help solve some of the urgent environmental problems found in  the
   southeastern region of the United States.

   On a typical day in the  small town of Athens, Georgia,
scientists  and  researchers  at  EPA's  Southeast  Water
Laboratory  (SEWL) might  be involved  in  any  one of a
number of exciting projects. They may be collecting water
samples from nearby inland waters,  analyzing runoff from
agricultural  lands,  or  perhaps studying  the environmental
effects  of  the  many  textile, paper,  or  phosphate  mining
industries indigenous to the  Southeast. Whatever the activity
might be, it is indeed busy at  the Laboratory, which  houses
the  Southeast  Region's technical assistance,  training and
manpower  functions, as well  as  certain  portions of EPA's
national research, development, and demonstration effort.
   Located  on a spacious 12-acre site donated to the U.S.
Government by the University of Georgia,  the Laboratory
houses  approximately  125 employees.  Their  professional
fields  of  specialty  range  from analytic  chemistry,
environmental  engineering,  and  aquatic biology  to systems
analysis, computer programming, and management sciences.
   In addition to  the  main  Lab, SEWL facilities include  an
annex  built on 6.5  acres of  land  donated  to  the  U.S.
Government by the City of  Athens, and a Laboratory Barge
at Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
   Major  research programs at  the Athens Laboratory
 include industrial pollution control technology, for problems
caused  by  pesticides,  fertilizers,  and textile mill products;
agricultural  pollution control technology, primarily problems
of  agricultural  run-off;  and   mining  pollution   control
 technology,  including  problems  associated  with  phosphate
 mining. A large program on  water quality control technology
 is also underway at SEWL,  in which pollutants are identified
 and traced in fresh surface waters.
   Scientists at the Laboratory's Barge  at  Ft, Lauderdale,
who are currently engaged in  a study  of Biscayne Bay, boast
a unique  piece of equipment under construction: a  75
million dollar  Aquatic  Ecosystem Simulator (AEcoS). This
facility, when  completed, will permit a complete study of
freshwater  ecosystems by  simulating and  controlling the
physical forces of nature as accurately as existing technology
permits. Temperature, humidity  and  light will  be  varied
during experiments to imitate climatic  conditions.  At the
same time, the significant physical, biological, and chemical
processes in freshwater;, will be simulated in a 64 foot flume,
where water quality, flow and turbulence  will be precisely
controlled to  imitate a  stream  in  the real  world.  Upon
completion this facility will be used to perform experiments,
now impossible to achieve in a real river, that will determine
the behavior and fate of pollutants which find their way to
freshwaters. Special computer facilities have been designed to
operate the AEcoS systems. They collect, store, and process
data   generated within the  systems from  laboratory
instrumentation and field  monitors.
   SEWL has an  impressive record of accomplishments over
the  past  years. They   range  from  development  of  a
mathematical  model  to  describe  the  rural  run-off  of
pesticides,  to  perfection  of  a   fluorescent  spectrometric
method for comparing samples from oil slicks that in turn,
allows the identification of the source of oil slicks.
   Recently, a process for treating textile dye  waste  was
developed in  conjunction with  the  Oak  Ridge National
Laboratory. This process, which  involves high air or oxygen
pressure in conjunction with gamma radiation, destroys up to
99  percent of the dieldrin in textile waste samples. This
radiolysis  process, which  also  removes  all  color from dye
waste samples,  has now been patented.
   Because of the  new  and rapid growth  of the catfish
processing industry, Athens Lab  scientists are now studying
the wastewaters  from  that industry. The results of this study
are a  first step   in developing water pollution  abatement
technology for  this  industry, and  they will aid in waste
treatment system design for similar new processing plants.

   EPA has adopted  four-state episode  criteria to which air
quality  and  meteorological  data  are  compared  for  the
purpose of determining the severity of an episode. The first
state. Forecast,  is based  on  an  indication  that adverse
meteorological conditions   conducive  to the  buildup  of
pollutants will exist.  The second stage.  Alert, and the third
stage. Warning, are based  on the actual measurement of
pollutant  concentrations  and  the  prediction  that  the
meteorological situation will be such that the continuation of
elevated  pollutant concentrations can be expected. At these
levels, short-term  health effects  may be  expected.  At the
fourth stage. Emergency, air quality is continuing to degrade
to the point where a  substantial danger  to the health  of the
population will exist. The  most stringent avoidance actions
must then be taken.
   The emphasis of the criteria is on avoiding an emergency
 rather than reacting to an existing emergency situation. Each
 step beyond the  Forecast stage calls for initiation of control
 actions designed to  prevent  the  conditions described  by
 criteria for the succeeding stage. Control actions may include
 such  measures  as elimination of  open burning;  requiring
 manufacturing industries to curtail or defer production; or
 cessation of municipal incineration.

   During  periods  of  temperature  inversion,  or other
 meterological  conditions  which  cause  stagnation  of  the
 atmosphere, particulate and gaseous air pollutants cannot be
 readily dispersed. As their concentration  increases an  air
 pollution incident, or "episode", ensues.
   The Clean Air Act, as amended, sets forth the authority
of EPA  to prevent and control such  episodes. In the event
that State and local authorities do nortake steps necessary
for  abatement  during  air  pollution  episodes,  the  EPA
Administrator may seek  injunctive relief in the U.S.  Courts.
Action may be taken against any source whose emissions are
presenting an  imminent  and  substantial threat to public
health, including area-wide  or  point sources,  large or small
polluters, and on an intra- or interstate basis.

   However, air  pollution episode-avoidance actions should
be taken at  the  lowest level that is legally,  technically, and
politically competent  to  achieve results.  Therefore,  the
principal aim of EPA lies in advising and  assisting State and
local  agencies in developing and  implementing their  own
episode-avoidance plans. Such  plans are required as part of
the  Implementation Plan, prepared  for each  of the Air
Quality Control Regions.
   An  Emergency  Operations  Control  Center  (EOCC) has
been established under EPA's Office  of  Air  Programs at
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. The Center gathers
air quality data on a daily basis, by teletype and telephone,
from 90 monitoring sites in 60 cities throughout the Nation.
Seven  of  the  monitoring stations in  National air quality
network  are operated  by EPA, with  the  remaining 83 by
personnel  from State and local air pollution agencies. When
needed, the EOCC can dispatch emergency sampling teams to
any  area  from  which  insufficient  air  quality  and/or
meterological data are available.
Darryl Tyler, Director of the Emergency Operations Control
Center, examines facsimile and teletype printouts of weather
information received from  the National Weather Service,
Assisting him is Carl Bramble, an employee of the  Office of
A ir Programs.
Current meteorological and air quality data are shown on the
episode display map for various parts of the country. H^
the situation in  Denver, Colorado is indicated by means'
color-coded ligh ts.


   Despite decreases in overall Federal civilian employment,
minority group Americans hold more Government jobs, and
a greater proportion of  the better paying jobs,  than  ever
before, according to the U.S. Civil  Service Commission. In
releasing results  of a survey  of minority  group  Federal
employment  conducted   last  November  30,  Commission
Chairman Robert E. Hampton  expressed particular pleasure
at the  new  evidence of  upward  mobility for  Negroes,
Spanish-surnamed Americans,  American  Indians,  and
Oriental Americans. "These new statistics show that agency
actions are producing the kinds of results expected from the
new  equal   employment opportunity  directions  outlined
explicitly by  the President in Executive Order  11478," said
Chairman Hampton. The order,  issued August 8,  1969, called
on department  and agency  heads  to  carry out  the equal
opportunity  policy  as an  integral part of every  aspect of
personnel policy and practice.

   The Commission reported that minority  employment in
Federal  agencies  increased by 4,527 jobs between November
1969 and November 1970, while total  Federal employment
decreased by 30,107 jobs. Minorities held 505,035 fulltime
positions as  of  November  30,  1970.  Of  the 2,571,504
employees on Federal rolls last November, 19.6 percent were
Negroes, Spanish-surnamed Americans,  American Indians, or
Orientals, up from 19.2 percent of total Federal employment
a year earlier.

   More minority employees are moving into  white-collar
jobs, the survey  showed.  Although  there  was an overall
decline in  the total number of white-collar  employees paid
under the General Schedule (GS) or similar pay plans during
the  12-month period,  minority employment  nevertheless
increased   significantly  under these  pay  plans.  Total
employment in  these white-collar occupations decreased by
5,115, while minority employment increased by 7,177.
         Address all suggestions or contributions to:

            Robert J. Griffin, Jr.
            Editor, No Nonsense
            Office of Public Affairs
            Environmental Protection Agency
            5600 Fishers Lane
            Rockville, Maryland 20852

            Tel. No. (30!) 443-3223

   The  Division  of Communications, OPA, EPA,  recently
inaugurated  its  Radio News Service.  This  is  a  facility,
whereby radio  stations  across the country may receive a
recorded statement from  Administrator Ruckelshaus, other
EPA officials,  or an  EPA spokesman,  relative to a current
environmental problem.

   Radio stations are alerted as to the availability of the
recorded message through  the  press wire services of the
Associated  Press and  United  Press International.  Radio
stations receive this information  from the news wires in their
news  rooms and  are invited  to call the EPA Radio News
Service at a designated number.

   The  Radio  Station News  Director  calls the  EPA News
Service,  tapes the  complete recorded  message  from the
telephone line and  incorporates it within the local station
news broadcast.

   While only in operation for a short time, the Radio News
Service  has been well received by the broadcast media. Over
50 calls per day are now being received and it  is  expected
that the number will increase as  the awareness of  this facility
becomes known to all the radio  news  directors across  the

Mr.  Raymond  E. Mulderick, Radio-TV Officer  with  the
Office  of Public  Affairs,  examines  newly  acquired
Spotmaster machines.   This enables  radio broadcasters
throughout the country to make use of taped interviews with
key EPA officials.
   On December 22nd Administrator Ruckelshaus will light
EPA's first "living  Christmas tree." The tree, which will be
placed  in a  planter in the vicinity of  the  headquarters
building at Waterside Mall, will serve as EPA's recognition of
the Holiday Season. The fact that it is a living tree holds
particular significance for employees, as we strive to promote
the natural aesthetic qualities of the environment.

   When  construction of the building is complete, the tree
will be permanently planted on  the  grounds of Water
Mall.                                               '  

 NOTE  TO  DRIVERS  .  .  .
    The U.S   motor vehicle operator's identification card
 (Standard Form 46) is not a valid driver's license to operate a
 Government vehicle on  a public highway,  according to the
 U S Civil Service Commission
    Any operator of a Government vehicle must also have a
 permit  or license issued  by the state  or other  licensing
 jurisdiction  where  he  or  she  resides   or  is  principally

    Some employees reportedly have continued to  use their
 U S.  motor  vehicle  operator's  identification  card  after
 suspension or even revocations of their driver's license by the
 issuing jurisdiction.
   In some  instances, this illegal use has become known to
-me  employing agency only after  the employee  has been
 involved in an automobile accident

   EPA  is responsible for ensuring that anyone to whom a
 motor vehicle identification card (SF 46) is issued has a valid
 driver's license. All employees should be aware of their duty
 to surrender the card immediately if their  license is revoked,
 and  to offer to do so if it is suspended

   Any   questions  regarding your  government  vehicle
 identification card may be answered by your administrative
            OFFICIAL  EPA  LOGO

   Have  you been  wondering about  that attractive  little
flower you  see around the agency  on  EPA publications,
posters, movies, or office doors7 It is  the new  and official
"EPA Logotype " Established by the President of the United
States by Executive Order 11628 on October 18, 1971, the
logo is of floral design, symbolic of all the elements of the
environment The bloom is a sphere, the component parts of
which  represent  the blue  sky, green earth,  and blue-green
water. A white circle within the sphere denotes either the sun
or the moon. All are symbolic of a clean environment and are
superimposed on a disc with a white background, circled by
the title  "United  States Environmental Protection Agency"
in blue letters

   Selected from  among many design suggestions, including
some  from EPA employees, the new logo has received White
House approval through the Commission on Fine  Arts.

   The   official  EPA  logo,  the   floral  symbol  with
"Environmental Protection Agency" surrounding it, may be
used for  official  purposes only A forthcoming directive on
its use will  be  issued shortly  However, the floral  symbol
alone  without words, may be used by anyone for purposes of
identification with a clean environment
                               TEST  DATES  FOR  SUMMER JOBS
   The U S.  Civil  Service Commission  has announced test
 dates for 1972 summer jobs in Federal agencies, including
   Candidates whose applications are received by January 7
 will  be tested  February 12 and those whose applications are
 received  by February 2 will be tested March 11  Applications
 postmarked after February 2 will not be accepted

   Complete   instructions for  filing,  and information on
 opportunities  available, are contained in CSC Announcement
No  414, titled Summer Jobs in Federal agencies This may
be obtained from  Personnel  Management Division,  EPA,
Washington,  D.C  20460 Such information is also available
from the Civil Service Commission, many major post offices,
and most college placement offices
   Applicants rated eligible m 1971 need not take the written
test again unless they wish  to improve their scores. They will
be sent  a special  form by  December  1  to update  their
qualifications and indicate their availability for employment
in 1972.

    Reproduced by courtesy of King Features Syndicate, Inc.