Un4 & Community Revfalization
                United States
                Environmental Protection
                Agency New England
Progrgm Summ^i'y & Success Stories
           October 2OO3

EPA New England Brownfields Program 2003
Summary of Brownfields Funding in New England 1
Brownfields Programs:
Brownfields Assessment Grant Program 2
Targeted Brownfields Assessment Program 3
Cleanup Grant Program 4
Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Program 4
Brownfields Job Training Program 4
Financial Assistance to State Brownfields Programs 5
Showcase Communities 5
Maps of New England Communities Receiving Federal
Brownfields Program Financial and Technical Assistance 6-11
Brownfields Assessment Grant Program Success Stories
Ayer Lofts (Lowell, MA) 12
Bellows Falls (Bellows Falls, VT) 14
Brattleboro Transportation Center (Brattleboro, VT) 16
Bunker Hill Park (Naugatuck Valley, Waterbury, CT) 18
Chester Regional Elementary School (Chester, MA) 20
Former Springfield Public Works (Springfield, MA) 22
Former Carew Street School (Springfield, MA) 23
Goodwin Estates (Hartford, CT) 24
“r” Kids (New Haven, CT) 26
Urban Oaks Organic Farm (New Britain, CT) 28
Revolving Loan Fund Program Success Stories
Century Enterprise Center (New Milford, CT) 30
Myrtle Street Affordable Housing (Lynn, MA) 33
Brownfields Job Training Program Success Stories
The Workplace, Inc. (Bridgeport, CT) 35
EPA Targeted Brownfields Assessment Program Success Stories
Former Erickson Property (Ledyard, CT) 36
Madeline English School (Everett, MA) 38
Old Northampton Fire Station (Northampton, MA) 40
State Targeted Brownfields Assessment Program Success Stories
Former East Coast Steel (Greenfield, NH) 42
EPA New England Brownfields Team Contacts 44

“Real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the
presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.”
(EPA definition of Brown fields)
Originally begun as an EPA initiative in January 1995, the US EPA National Brownfields Program has since evolved
into a collaborative effort involving many federal, state and local partners. In January 2002, the Small Business
Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act (“the Brownfields law”) was signed. This law expanded potential
federal assistance for Brownfie(ds revitalization, including grants for assessment, cleanup and job training. The law
also includes provisions to establish and enhance state and tribal response programs, which will continue to play a
critical role in the successful cleanup and revitalization of brownfields. Below is a summary of the US EPA Region 1
funding for each of the key Brownfields initiatives.
Summary of Brownfields funding in New England
Program Funding Distribution by State (1 994-2003)
ASSESSMENT GRANTS $5.265,000 $1,609,017 $11,333,132 $1,540,000 $1,103,000 $2,600,000 $23,450,149
EPA TBA ’ $1,450,000 $270,000 $2,290,000 $290,000 $305,000 $150,000 $4,755,000
CLEANUP GRANTS $60,000 $0 $852,000 $0 $200,000 $0 $1,112,000
REVOLVING LOAN FUND $5750,000 $2,650,000 $10,468,119 $2,450,000 $4,700,000 $1,000,000 $27,016,119
JOB TRAINING $1,000,000 $0 $1,550,000 $0 $200,000 $0 $2,750,000
SHOWCASE COMMUNITIES $300,000 $0 $500,000 $0 $300,000 $200,000 $1 300,000
SUBTOTAL $12,375,000 $4,259,017 $24,703,251 $3,990,000 $6,503,000 $3,800,000 $55,630,268
STATE SPrJsJSEp p.AMS $2,175,667 $750,892 $12,729,974 $1,908,369 $1,338,820 $307,030 $9,210,752
SITE-SPECIFIC ASSISTANCE $714,960 $519,545 $781,000 $1,255,293 8598,115 $458,000 $4,326,913
TOTAL S16.715.627 S5,799,454 $30,504,225 $7,443,662 $8,744,935 $4,715,030 $73,922,933
Targeted Brownfield Assessments

ow eDds s ssmeinr Gir Pr am
The Brownfields Assessment Grant Program awards grants to local, tribal, and state governmental entities to conduct
assessment and related activities at brownfields properties. An important goal of this program is to assist recipients in
developing a long-range strategy for brownfields reuse. Grantees are selected through a national competition.
Generally, grants are given for up to $200,000 to assess properties for co-mingled hazardous waste and for up to
$200,000 to assess properties with only petroleum contamination.
Bridgeport $1,000,000
Bristol $200,000
Danbury $200,000
East Hampton $175,000
Haddam $156,000
Hartford $550,000
Middletown $400,000
Naugatuck Valley Regional Planning Agency $417,000
New Britain $200,000
New Haven $267,000
New London $250,000
New Mrlford $350,000
Norwich $350,000
South Central Regional Council of Governments $200,000
Stamford $200,000
WinstedlWinchester $350,000
Bath $200,000
Ellswcrth $200,000
Lewiston $425,000
Maine State Planning Agency $199,017
Portland $335,000
Westbrook $250,000
Boston $400,000
Brockton $‘700,000
Central Massachusetts Economic
Development Authority $293,710
Chelsea $200,000
Chicopee $200,000
Coirain $235,862
Fitchburg $200,000
Fitchburg Redevelopment Authority $200,000
Franklin Regional Council of Governments $200,000
Gardner $200,000
Great Barrington $350,000
Greenfield $320,000
Holyoke $200,000
Lawrence $400,000
Lowell $600,000
Lynn $350,000
Mansfield $200,000
Marlborough $300,000
Massachusetts Department of
Environmental Protection $200,000
Merrimack Valley Planning Commission $400,000
Methuen $200,000
Montachusett Valley Regional Planning $350,000
Mystic Valley Redevelopment Authority $950,000
New Bedford $800,000
North Adams $140,770
Northampton $200,000
Pioneer Valley Regional Planning Authority $ 200,000
Salem $200,000
Somerville $350,000
Springfield $800,000
Taunton $400,000
Walpole $200,000
Westfield $175,000
West Springfield $200,000
Worcester #1 $200,000
Worcester #2 $161,500
Claremont $200,000
Concord $90,000
NH DES $350,000
Nashua $300,000
NH Office of State Planning $400,000
Southwest Regional Planning Commission $200,000
Provide nce$250, 000
RI Department of Environmental Management $400000
RI Economic Development Corporation $200,000
Warwick $150,000
Woonsocket $103,000
Burlington $500,000
Central Vermont Regional Plannin Commission $200,000
Northwest Regional Planning Commission $400,000
Rutland $200,000
Rutland Regional Planning Commission $200,000
Southern Windsor County Regional
Planning Commission $350,000
Two Rivers Ottauquectiee Regional Commission $200,000
Windham Regional Commission $200,000 + $350,000 = $550,000

Ta je ed o ’own eDd1s Asse sm Pro jram
EPA works directly with contractors to conduct assessments at properties identified by the local entity as being high-
priority for reuse. Targeted Brownfields Assessments typically involve a review of existing records, sampling, and
preparation of a preliminary cleanup cost estimate. The information gathered allows local government officials and
developers to make informed decisions regarding the redevelopment potential of a property. These assessments are
usually valued between $50,000 and $100,000.
10 Reserve Road, Hartford $59,403
Buckland Manufacturing, Manchester $26,408
Cos Cob Power Station, 22 Sound Shore Drive,
Greenwich $75,000
Derby Downtown Business
Revitalization District, Derby $96,981
Derby Erickson Property, Ledyard $10,952
Field-Holstein Property, Glastonbury $84,905
50 Miles Street, Bridgeport $15,615
H.J. Mills Box Factory, Bristol $64,867
Hart Property, 268 Main Street, Terryville $75,000
Hartford Car Wash, Hartford $22,895
Hockanum Mill, Vernon $96,196
International Silver - Factory H, Meriden $80,000
169 Bartholomew Avenue, Hartford
InterRoyal Mill, Plainfield $116,397
MAS Property/Citytrust Site, Bridgeport Aye, Shelton $75,000
Occum Roto Print, Norwich $84,903
Pavelli Trucking, Bridgeport $76,233
Penn Central Transportation Co., New London $51,692
Portland Chemical Works, Middletown $70,444
Rolfite Chemical, Derby $61,815
Roosevelt Mills, Vernon $71 ,587
Samarius Property, Shelton $13,602
Swan Engraving, Bridgeport $52,448
U.S. Cap, Inc., Prospect $75,000
Ayers Island, Orono $111,770
Lily Tulip, Old Town $18,966
W. S. Libbey Mill, Lewiston $71,294
Lewiston & Auburn RR Co., Water Street, Lewiston $60,151
54-67 Mill Street, Brookfield $75,000
Alden Corrugated, New Bedford $43,495
Amesbury Wharf, Amesbury $104,800
Assets Building, Lowell $75,000
Bargaineer, Brockton $45,847
Boston’s Hope, Dorchester $106,350
Boston Specialty Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston $75,000
City Pier, Fall River $75,000
Church Coal, Taunton $44,891
Coes Knife Property, Worcester $70,956
Davidson Street, Lowell $57,551
Essex Museum $50,000
Ferdinand Block/DPH, Boston $75,000
formerTremont Villa, Everett $66,473
former Beacon Chevrolet, Lynn $9,915
former DPW Yard, Newburyport $63,018
former DPW Yard, Northampton $75,000
Gilbertville Woven Label Site, Hardwick $75,000
Hallmark Van Lines, Holyoke $69,886
Knapp Shoe, Brockton $50,025
Marine Railways Property, Gloucester $122,504
Modern Electroplating, Boston $78,311
Montello Auto Body, Brockton $67,315
Old Northampton Fire Station, Northhampton $49,950
Old Sewer Beds, Franklin $75,000
Omega Processing Site, Monson $75,000
Omniwave Electronics, Gloucester $89,501
Oxford Paper Mill (Spicket River) Lawrence $115,241
Pearl Street Mill, 26 Pearl Street, Bellingham $100,000
Quarry Street Highpoint Property, Quincy $10,640
Roundhouse Parking Lot, Northampton $85,483
Setsam Property, 170 Oak Street, Foxborough $100,000
Standard Times Field, New Bedford $60,175
Ambargis Mill, Newport $75,000
Craig Supply, Durham $70,409
Former Tannery Site (Milton Mills), Milton $50,655
Henry’s Tire Property, Sutton $6,818
Lamont Labs, Londonderry $30,954
J.P. Stevens Mill, Franklin $8,697
Narragansett Landing, Providence $41,614
IRaus Fasteners, Providence $33,570
Save The Bay, Providence $1 11,222
Spintex Mill, Central Falls $28,183
West Elmwood Housing Development $77,212
TLR Complex, Rockingham $75,000
Taylor Street Car Lot, Montpelier $75,000

Cleanup Grant Program
Funds are awarded to eligible local, state, tribal and non-profit entities to conduct cleanup activities on eligible
brownfield properties. Grants are for up to $200,000 per property. Entities must own the property at the time of
award to be eligible for funding.
• New Britain, CT $60,000
• Brockton, MA $100,000
• Main South Community Development Corporation (Worcester, MA) $200,000
• Mystic Valley Development Commission $80,000
• New Bedford, MA $220,000
• Somerville, MA $200,000
• Weir Economic Investment Revitalization Corporation (Taunton, MA) $52,000
• Trust for Public Land (Providence, RI) $200,000
Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Programs
Funds are awarded to eligible local, tribal, and state entities to establish and capitalize a revolving loan program.
Loan capitalization grants are for up to $1,000,000 and eligible entities may team together to establish larger revolv-
ing loan fund pools. Grant recipients may provide loans to private, public, and non-profit entities or themselves to
conduct cleanup activities on eligible brownfield properties. Grant recipients may also make subgrants to public and
non-profit entities to conduct cleanup activities.
Berlin $500,000
Bridgeport $500,000
Hartford $500,000
Naugatuck Valley / Danbury $850,000
New Milford $1,000,000
Regional Growth Partnership $1,000,000
Stamford $750000
Winchester $650,000
Lewiston $500,000
Orono $750,000
Portland $500,000
Westbrook $900,000
Boston $1,000,000
Brockton $500,000
Centi l Massachusetts Economic Development Authority $18,000
Franklin Regional Council of Governments $1000000
Gloucester $500,000
Lawrence $500,000
Lowell $500,000
Lynn $450,000
Montachusett Regional Planning Commission $500,000
Mystic Valley Development Authority $1,000,000
New Bedford $500,000
Pioneer Valley Planning Commission $2,000,000
Somerville $500,000
Taunton $500,000
Worcester $1,000,000
State of New Hampshire $2,450,000
RI Department of Environmental Management I RI Economic
Development Corporation $1,700,000
RI Economic Development CorporationlCity of Providence!
City of Pawtucket $3,000,000
South Windsor County Regional Planning Commission $1,000,000
Brownfields Job Training Program
Brownfields Job Training Programs train workers In the field of hazardous waste assessment and remediation. To be
eligible for these funds, the applicants must be affiliated with existing Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Middlesex Community Technical College
Stamford $200,000
The WorkPlace, Inc $400,000
Coalition for a Better Acre (Lowell) $200,000
Jobs For Youth - Boston $475,000
New Bedford $275,000
STRIVE-Boston $200,000
Boston Connects People to Economic Opportunities, Inc. $200,000 Groundworks, Providence $200,000
Brockton $200,000

Financial Assistance to State Brownfields Programs
EPA offers funding to establish and enhance state and tribal response programs. Generally, these programs address
the assessment, cleanup and redevelopment of brownfields and other contaminated properties. This funding may be
used by states and tribes to:
1) conduct activities to establish and enhance their response programs including developing new legislation, regula-
tions, guidance, or procedures;
2) conduct site-specific activities that enhance the state’s cleanup capacity including conducting site-specific reviews
and audits or targeted brownfields assessments and cleanups;
3) develop environmental insurance programs; and
4) capitalize a brownfields cleanup revolving loan fund.
The following properties have received state targeted brownfields assessment assistance.
Showcase Communities
As part of the multi-federal agency Brownfields National Partnership, sixteen communities were selected to receive
Showcase Community designations following a national competition. The federal partners work with selected commu-
nities to revitalize brownfields properties.
EPA provided each Showcase Community with a $200,000 Brownfields Demonstration Pilot and assigned an EPA-
employee to work full time in the designated community for two years.
Stamford $300,000
Lowell $300,000
Mystic Valley (Maiden, Medford,
Everett) $200,000
New Bedford $200,000
Providence $300,000
• Ayers Island, Orono
• Edwards Manufacturing, Augusta
• Burt Company Site, 1 Cambridge
Street, Portland
• Bangor Hydro Substation, East Machias
• Smelt Hill Dam, Falmouth
• Apollo Tanning Company, Washington
Street, Camden
• CT DOT Site #1, Freestone Aye,
• National Automatic Products
(NAPCO), 44 Washington Aye,
• Turnpike Autowreckers, 88 Pond
Meadow Road, Westbrook
• American Tool & Machine, 15
Pierson Lane, Windsor
• Berlin Center, Massirio Drive,
• Neoweld Corporation I, 8 River
Road South, Cornwall
• Samarius Property, Shelton
• Hi-G Company Property, 85
Nutmeg Road South, South
• New Hall Street Field (Hamden
Middle School), Newhall Street,
• Derby DOT Parcel, Route 34,
(NH cont.)
• Bristol Micro Factory, Bristol
• Robert Riley Properly, New Boston
• Contoocook Valley Paper Site,
• Northern Forest Heritage Park,
Former Pulp & Paper of America R&D
Building Site, Berlin
• Shamrock Cleaners Site, 3 Railroad
Street, Derry
• Middleboro Plating, 98 Cambridge
Street, Middleboro
• Filmtech Site, 181 Notre Dame Street
• Lewis Chemical Company Site, 12
Fairmont Court, Hyde Park, Boston
• Hampden Color & Chemical Site, 126
Memorial Drive, Springfield, MA
Rhode Island
• Buttonwood Industrial Complex,
• Pontiac Enterprizes, Warwick
• T.H. Baylis, Warwick
• Potter Ave Warehouse Site
Woonsocket Police Station,
130 Front Street, Woon socket
New Hampshire
• Carnevale Property, Main Street. Sutton
• Kaminski, Mont Vernon
• Bradford Green/Naughton Site, Bradford
• East Coast Steel, Greenfield
• Craig Supply, Durham
• BCIC Building Complex, North
• Jewell Brook Property, Ludlow
• Sweat Comings, Richford

Connecticut Communities Receiving Federal
Brownfields Program Financial And Technical Assistance
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£ Municipabty Receiving Brown iieiriv Program Assistance
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Maine Communities Receiving Federal
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Rhode Island Communities Receiving Federal
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Ayer Lofts
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Ayer Lofts
Lowell, MA
(August 21, 2003)
The city of Lowell, MA utilized about $3,000 from EPA New England Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot to
conduct an Phase I environmental site assessment (ESA) at two adjacent brownfields sites in Lowell in 1996. The city of
Lowell received this funding, as part of a $200,000 grant from EPA New England in 1996 to conduct environmental
assessments at several sites throughout the city. The results from the ESA concluded that limited environmental cleanup
was needed. In 1999. the city sent out a Request for Proposal (RFP) to cleanup and redevelop both properties. Private
developer, Edward A. Fish Associates, Inc. of Boston, MA, cleaned up these sites and converted them to residential units,
retail space for a café, and a gallery. The project was completed
in spring of 2000.
The two brownfields sites were utilized most recently for
commercial and industrial establishments between the 1 840s
and 1995. The 11,655 square feet property with two large brick
buildings had been abandoned for an extended period of time.
The properties are occupied by joined three-story (158 Middle
Street) and four-story (172 Middle Street) brick buildings that
span the entire footprint of the properties. The site is bounded
by Middle Street to the north, an alleyway to the south, and
attached brick buildings to the east and west.
The earliest recorded structures were three buildings at 172
Middle Street in 1841. One of these three buildings was utilized
as the Eighth Grammar School. In 1872, the school moved to
Merrimack Street and J.C. Ayer purchased the property and
utilized the former school building as its office between 1879 and 1896. During the period of 1938 and 1939, a cosmetic
manufacturer and MA Pharmaceutical Company moved into one of the buildings and remained on the premises through
1944. At that time, the Oxzyn Company obtained ownership of the property and remained there for an indeterminate
period of time. Subsequent to the proprietorship, there followed periods of vacancy and occupancy by several light
manufacturing companies.
A building structure was also present at 158 Middle Street prior to 1841. In the early 1850’s, the two buildings at the
property belonged to Hezekiah Ashton (a gardener) and John Chamberlain (a wine and liquor merchant.) Between 1879
and 1896, “Lowell Steam & Gas Pipe Works” resided on the property as well as several other businesses in subsequent
years, including a reed and harness manufacturer, a commercial printing establishment, and a brass foundry. Between
1890 and 1895, the current building was constructed. In 1917, a plumbing establishment occupied the building. In 1944,
the Oxyzn Company occupied the building, as welt as the adjacent 172 Middle Street building. In approximately 1979, the
most recent occupants, a business called “Save-Mor Furniture,” moved into the building. In 1998, the city of Lowell
retained ownership of both properties in tax title proceedings.

Compared to the rest of the state of Massachusetts, the city of Lowell is a low-income, minority community. According to
the US 2000 Census, the city’s population was 105,167, compared to 6,349,097 in the state. Out of the total population,
4.2% of the city’s residents were African-American, 16.5% were Asian, and 14% were Hispanic or Latino. Comparing
these high percentages of minority residents to the state as a whole, only 5.4% of the total state’s population was African-
American, 3.8% were Asian, and 6.8% were Hispanic or Latino. The city’s 6.6% unemployment rate (out of the civilian
work force) is higher than the state’s 4.6% unemployment rate. The medium household income in the city of Lowell is
$39,192, compared to $50,502 at the state level. The number of families living below the poverty line in 1999 in the city of
Lowell is 13.6%, compared to 6.7% of the families in the state as a whole.
According to the US 2000 Census Tract 3101, in which these properties are located, this part of the city is more economi-
cally disadvantaged and has a higher percentage of minorities living there overall. The population of this census tract was
3,881 people, and out of the total population, 10.9% were African-American, 8.4% were Asian, and 32.2% were Hispanic
or Latino. The unemployment rate in this census tract is 13.1% (out of the civilian labor force) and the medium household
income is $18,468. There were 259 families in 1999 (34.5%) who were living below the poverty line.
The ESA was completed by TRC of Lowell, MA and completed in November 1998. The results of the ESA showed that
limited environmental cleanup was needed, including removing friable asbestos containing building materials, removing three
30-gallon chemical storage drums containing an oil lubricant and one 50-gallon drum containing carbon tetra-chloride (which
were located in the basement of the 172 Middle Street property), and removing vermin and scat from sites.
In 1999, the city issued a RFP for both properties which was awarded to
Edward A. Fish Associates, Inc. of Boston, MA for the bid price of $120,000 to
redevelop the properties. The RFP included cleanup and redevelopment of the
sites. The Boston firm invested an additional $3.9 million in the development
of Ayer Lofts, 49 loft-style artist units (where artists can both live and work), as
well as a 3,100 square foot café and gallery on the first floor. On average, the
apartments sold for $175,000. The
project helped increase the city’s tax
revenue by $300,000 to $400,000 per MLkU¼ Slr ct . R I IS IS’ DISTRICT
year as a result of the redevelopment, -
which is valued at $9 million. The grand
opening ceremony took place in the
spring of 2000. I

Artists Rendition

Bellows Falls
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Raising the arches to a successful Brownfields project— Former Railyard Becomes a
Connecticut River Byway Waypoint Interpretive Center
Windham Regional Commission
Bellows Falls, VT
(March 27, 2003)
Construction is currenfly underway on the Belkws Falls Waypont
Interpretive Center, which will bridge two neighboring communities across
the Connecticut River. This marks a sucr ess in the EPA Brownfields
Assessment Grant Program. Using a portion of a $350,000 EPA
Brownilelds Assessment Grant, the Wndham Regional Commission
performed site assessment and monftonng to complete work necessary
prior to redevelopment Partners include the town of Rockingham,
Bellows Falls Village, and Windham Regional Commission (WRC). WRC
and Housing Vermont were the prt ect managers. Technical assistance
was provided by the Vermont Agency of Transportation and the Vermont
Agency of Natural Resources (VANR).
Bellows Falls, with a population of 3,165, is an incorporated village within
the town of Rockingham, which itself consists of 42 square miles and an
c rBll population of 5,300. Bellows Falls was the site of the first bridge
crossing the Connecticut River and is a National Register Historic District.
The Village serves as the center for the town and provides commercial services for the smaller communities in the area. The BellOWS
Falls Waypoint Interpretive Center is in a unique k)cabon to provide the visitor a window to the past and a jumping off pont to explore the
Connecticut River Valley today.
The Bellows Falls Waypoint Interpretive Center; part of the Connecticut River Byway pi ect, will eventually tie in with ten centers
stretching along the Connecticut Rrver from the Massachusetts border to the Canadian border. Ullimatety the pr ect plan calls for
centers to be located approximately every 25 to 35 miles along the river. In addition to the Bellows Falls Waypont Cente other centers
are now underway iduding those in Windsor, VT and Colebrook. Claremont and Lancaster, NH.
After more than three years in the planning stages, the intent of the Connecticut River Byway project is to draw interest to the Connecticut
River Valley’s unique historical, scenic, recreational and natural resources attributes, according to Susan L. McMahon, Senior Planner for
the Wndham Regional Commission. ‘The purpose of the Byway is to get people off the interstate and exploring the Valley’s back roads”.
This enhanced tourist experience will result in visitors spenoing more time and dollars in Bellows Falls, the Windham Region and in
particular Connecticut Rn r Scenic Byway communities. Additional benefits of this project indude the creation of 70 new
cons udion
Environmental assessment and monitonng work for this project cost approximately $30,000 and was performed by ATC out of their
Richmond, Vermont office. Monitoring determined Tetrachloromethane (TCE) in groundwater exceeding Vermont Groundwater
Enforcement Standards (VGES) of 5 ug’1. This prompted the state to request a year of groundwater monitoring and sampling to


monitor groundwater conditions. Following one year of monitonng, results showad that no further action was required VANR
requested that a notification to the town land records about the site be submitted. Once the notification is complete and
monitoring wells are closed, the state plans to issue a Site Management Activity Complete letter to close out the site.
Unique Architecture
The Connecticut River was the first major river in the country to be improved for travel. In order to allow passage around the
narrow and the highest waterfall on the river, Bellow Falls Canal Co. was the first canal company chartered in 1791. The canal
provided power mills and allowed lumber and barges to bypass the gorge by a series of nine locks. In the mid-1850s,
railroads replaced the river as the prime means of transport, and in 1898 a utility began to use the canal water to generate
In 1996, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont received funding from Federal Highway Administration Scenic Byway
program to study the feasibility of developing a Byway along the Connecticut River. Working with the towns along each side of
the river, the regional commissions inventoried the historic, cultural, scenic, recreational and natural resources of the
Connecticut River Valley. The study included each town on each side of the river valley, running from Holyoke, MA to the
northern-most reaches in Pittsburgh, NH. It became apparent that the concept of ‘Waypoinr’ communities fit with the goals of
the Byway. The Waypoint Communities would be ‘crossroads’ communities, which could offer amenities, such as lodging,
restaurants, public restrooms, and referrals to activities and sites in the region. The Connecticut River Tn-State Byway study
was completed in 1998 and in February 1999 the Vermont portion of the project was designated by the state a “Vermont
Byway”. In October 1999, the Connecticut River Byway Council formed and the Byway was well on its way.
Meetings began in 2000 to plan for the design of the Bellows Falls Center. Groundbreaking for the Center was in July 2002.
In September 2002 a major milestone for the community occurred when the “Arch” returned to Bellows Falls as part of the
overall building design. As designed by Scully Architects of Keene, NH, the Center represents a train locomotive and railroad
station canopy with the building passing under an arch evocative of the old arch bridge, which was demolished in 1982. It
spanned the Connecticut River between Bellows Falls and North Walpole, NH. The Arch Bridge was the longest suspension
bridge in North America at the time of its construction in 1905 and 1906. It closed in 1971 due to safety concerns and was
demolished in 1982 to be replaced by the current steel girder bridge. The arch bridge still lives on the hearts of area residents.
The center will be open to the public in the summer of 2003. The total redevelopment costs are anticipated to be more than
$1.26 million. Sources of funding for the construction of the facility include grants from the Federal Highway Scenic Byway
Program, Housing Vermont, Vermont Agency of the Transportation Enhancement Grants, the Windham Foundation, the
Connecticut River Joint Commissions Partnership program, and the Southern Vermont Regional Marketing Organization.

Success In EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Brattleboro Transportation Center
Brattleboro, VT
(July 14, 2003)
The Windham Regional Commission (WRBRI) originally received S200,000 in 2000 and an additional $150,000 in 2001 in
funding from an EPA New England Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot to conduct environmental site assess-
ments (ESA5) on a brownfields property in Brattleboro, VT. The ESAs concluded that no clean up was needed at the site
and construction began in February 2003 to redevelop the property. The downtown property, consisting of the Bradley Lot
(the brownfield property) and the Bushnell Block (an adjoining lot), is coming to life again as a multi-modal transit facility
consisting of approximately 340 parking spaces, a passenger waiting area, public restrooms, a small parking enforcement
office, and commercial space. On May
27, 2003, Brattleboro held the official
groundbreaking ceremony with many
local, state, and federal officials in
attendance for a “Deck Raising.” The
transportation center will be opened in
September of 2003, with project
completion scheduled for November
The Windham Regional Commission
(WRC) is a voluntary association of 27
towns in southeastern Vermont
operating under the authority of the
Vermont Municipal and Regional
Planning and Development Act. The
mission of the WRC is to assist member
towns to provide effective local
government and to work cooperatively
with them to address regional issues.
The WRC’s activities include providing technical planning assistance to member towns, involvement in regional issues and
projects, citizen education, mapping and information services, major development review, and a variety of inter-govern-
mental coordination activities. Specifically, the WRC established the Windham Regional Brownfields Reuse Initiative in
October 2000 to assist its 27 members municipalities with brownfields redevelopment. (www.rpc.windham.vt.us)
The town of Brattleboro also obtained funding for the project from a variety of local, state, and federal sources. This
funding included $3.5 million earmarked by Senator Jeffords from the Department of Transportation’s Federal Transit
Administration funds. In addition, a $4 million local bond was approved by residents in 2000. The city of Brattleboro is
receiving funding from the State Downtown Program in which the town receives a grant of $100,000 each year for 10
years. The town also secured state of Vermont transportation enhancement funds in the amount of $316,000 to pay for the
mid-block connector portion of the project.
I3r t€Ieboro Tr nspor€ ion Ceriter

single-family home from 1879 101887; a boarding
apartments since 1915.
The Brattleboro Transportation Center will provide convenient connec-
tions between town and regional buses, Amtrak, taxis, pedestrians and
cyclists and parking for the downtown area. This parking will help
maintain a welcoming downtown area by providing convenient parking to
business and access to public transportation. As part of the develop-
ment of this project, the town of Brattleboro worked with numerous
citizens groups, local, state, and federal agencies to make this project a
The four-story, 120,000-square-foot transportation center is being
developed on two town-owned parcels, which consist of the Bradley Lot
(the brownfields property) and the Bushnell Block. The Bradley Lot was
utilized for “water cure” or sanatorium buildings in the 1850s, where
visitors stayed to be ‘cured’ by the healing waters of natural springs; as a
organ manufacturer from the 1860s to the 1920s; as a machine shop, for
printing and binding, from the 1 880s to thel 920s; as a manufacturing
facility for pencils, pen holders, paint brush handles, victrolas, and
wooden toys from the 1920s to 1955; and as a parking lot since 1955.
The Bushnell Block, located in the urban core of Brattleboro, hosted a
house and residence from 1887 to 1915; and a grocery store and
DEW Construction of Williston, VT was awarded the bid to construct the transportation center and estimated that the
project would cost approximately $6.2 million. The total cost of the project, $9.6 million, included the construction of the
transportation center, environmental costs, soft costs, design
fees, and permitting.
Both residents and local officials of Brattleboro have been working
on this project since 1997, including participating in more than 100
meetings held by the Downtown Parking Study Committee in
preparation for this project. These efforts, particularly at the local
level, have paid off with a much needed transportation center to
help maintain a vibrant downtown Brattleboro. This project will not
only maintain the vital economic center of Brattleboro, but also help
the local economy by creating approximately 125 construction jobs
and about 18 redevelopment jobs.
_ I

Bunker HI!! Park
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Bunker Hill Park
Waterbury, CT
(July 14, 2003)
The Naugatuck Valley Brownfields Pilot (NVBP) used $15,000 to perform a limited Phase I and Phase II environmental
site assessments (ESAs) through the EPA Brownfields Assessment program in April 2001. (www.lnvalley.org/DERBYI
brownfields) The funding was utilized to confirm if reported historical ash dumping on a property in Waterbury, CT, actually
occurred. The Phase I and Phase II ESAs were completed in April 2001 and found that the site does not present health
risks to the nearby community. The cleanup of the subsurface soil contamination has been completed. In the fall of 2003,
the city of Waterbury will begin to redevelop the site as green open space for community use.
The Naugatuck Valley Brownfields Pilot (NVBP) is managed by the
Valley Council of Governments and was established with a grant from
EPA New England in November 1996. NVBP’s goal is to provide
assistance to its eleven municipal members (Ansonia, Beacon Falls,
Derby, Naugatuck, Newtown, Oxford, Seymour, Shelton, Thomaston,
Waterbury, and Watertown) in building brownfields management
capacity. There are approximately 100 brownfield properties in the
Naugatuck Valley and NVBP has provided assistance to 30 projects
thus far. (www.lnvalley.org/DERBY/brownfields)
According to the demographic information from the US 2000 Census,
the city of Waterbury is a low-income community with a large
percentage of its total population as minority. The city of Waterbury,
has a population of 107,271 people, with 16.31% of the total population African-American and 21.8% Hispanic or Latino.
The state of Connecticut’s population is 3,405,565, with 9.1 b of the total population African-American and 9.4% Hispanic
or Latino. The city of Waterbury’s median household income is $34,285, compared to $53,935 statewide. The city of
Waterbury’s unemployment rate is 5.3%, compared to the statewide unemployment rate of 3.5%. The city of Waterbury
has 3,428 families in 1999 who live below the poverty line. (www.census.gov)
Bunker Hill Park, also known as Schofield Park, has served as green open space for approximately 50 years under the
ownership of the Bunker Hill Congregational Church. The late Mr. Frank Hess, Jr. willed this adjacent property to the
church and requested that the church maintain the property as green open space for community use. Mr. Hess was also
the part owner of the Waterbury Ash Company, which collected ash from commercial establishments and residential
households’s coal and wood-burning furnaces. Questions had arisen as to whether ash material was dumped on the
property. The church has leased the property to the city of Waterbury for the last 50 years to maintain the site as green
open space.
In 1995, the city of Waterbury decided to improve the park and requested that the Connecticut Department of Protection
(DEP) purchase the property from the Bunker Hill Congregational Church and lease it to the city of Waterbury so the city
could make improvements to the site. However, the DEP needed to conduct an ESA before they could purchase the
property. The city therefore requested assistance from EPA New England.

The conclusions of the Phase I and Phase II ESAs showed that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were the
common contaminants in the subsurface soils. PAHs are a group of chemicals that are formed when coal, oil, garbage,
tobacco, food, or any other organic substance are burned. Since the contaminants are still located in the subsurface soil,
the Connecticut DEP recommended that erosion of the surface soils should prevented. The Connecticut DEP also
recommended that the green open space’s cover of grasses and shrubs should be well maintained and signs should be
posted to call the city Health Department before digging at the property. In the fall of 2003, the city of Waterbury will make
the improvements to the green open space by utilizing $270,000 in funding it received from the State Bond Commission in
1995 for that purpose. The funding leverage created by the EPA Brownfields Assessment grant allowed valuable green
open space to be preserved and enhanced in the city of Waterbury.

Ches±er Re tor l Elementary School
Chester Regional
Chester, MA
(August 21, 2003)
Elementary School
On December 5th, 2002, the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission (PVPC)
issued a $220,000 loan to the city of Chester, MA. The PVCP received its
Brownfields Cleanup Revolving Loan funding from EPA New England in 1999.
The loan was utilized to finance a cleanup at the 14-acre Chester Woodwaste
Landfill site located on Middlefield Road in Chester. The cleanup of this site is
critical to the redevelopment of the property since it will facilitate the construc-
tion of the Chester Regional Elementary School and associated athletic fields
which will be built adjacent to the landfill. The cleanup was designed to
eliminate the potential public health threats associated with existing contami-
nation. The school will be ready for occupancy in November 2003. It is
anticipated that the first classes will be offered at the new school in January
EPA New England awarded the PVPC two different brownfields grants between 1998 and 1999. In 1998, the PVPC was
selected as an Assessment Demonstration Pilot and awarded $200,000 in assessment funding. In May 1999, EPA
selected the PVPC as a Brownfields Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund (BCRLF) pilot. Under this program, EPA provided the
PVPC with $2,000,000 to capitalize the PVRBCRLF for its cities of Chicopee, Springfield, Westheld and PVPC itself (for
the balance of Pioneer Valley Region, including the town of Chester). Each partner has a $500,000 loan fund to draw
from. (httpJlwww.pvpc.org/)
The PVPC represents forty-three cities and towns in the Pioneer Valley Region, the former Hampden and Hampshire
counties, Massachusetts. The forty-three communities have a population of approximately 602,000 and are located in the
central and western part of the state. The PVPC is a quasi-public, non-profit regional planning agency that provides
planning, development, and other forms of technical assistance throughout the Pioneer Valley Region.
The PVPC is focusing its brownfields activities on working with the region’s communities to implement a strategic
economic development plan that calls for a comprehensive regional approach to brownfields issues by working with many
stakeholders including quasi-public non-profit developers, private non-profit developers, and for-profit developers.
The PVPC serves as the lead agency for the PVRBCRLF program and is responsible for ensuring that environmental
cleanups conducted with funding from the PVRBCRLF are completed in compliance with all applicable laws and
regulations and that the PVRBCRLF funds are utilized for authorized purposes. The PVPC also acts as the fund
manager, while the Army Corps of Engineers (New England Division) acts as the site manager.
The loan was made to a municipality eligible for a discount of 20% of the loan amount. The town of Chester signed two
promissary notes in support of the loan. The first note covered the discounted principal is $176,000. The interest rate for
the loan will be 1 %. A repayment schedule of the discounted principal and accrued interest was established based on ten
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program and
Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Program

annual payments starting March 2004. The second note for $44,000 will automatically discharge at the end of ten years if
the discounted loan is repaid according to the original terms. Both notes are secured by the full faith and credit of the town
of Chester. The source of repayment will be from the town?s general funds.
The town of Chester has owned the property since the 1940’s. The property was used locally as a “stump dump” for the
town. The town of Chester hired the engineering firm, Tighe & Bond of Westfield, MA, to complete a comprehensive
environmental assessment of the site. The initial assessment was completed in September 2001 for $15,000. Shortly
afterwards, the town obtained a grant from PVPC under its 1998 Assessment Demonstration Pilot award to conduct an
additional environmental assessment for $27,000 to help pay for the documentation needed for the town’s loan from
Once the site assessment was completed, the town hired the contractor Clayton Davenport Trucking, Inc. of Greenfield,
MA, to conduct the cleanup of the site. The cleanup costs
included: construction, engineering and design fees, legal fees,
and miscellaneous fees. The total cost of cleanup was
$215,309.37. The balance of the $220,000 funding commitment
was utilized to install monitoring wells which were dug by the
town’s highway crew to monitor the water quality. Originally, the
loan amount was $250,000 from PVPC, but the town of Chester
only needed $220,000 in funding to complete the project so the
remaining loan commitment was never drawn down.
The cleanup began in August 2002 and was completed in
October 2002. The contractors excavated and consolidated the
wood waste debris and lead contaminated soil and placed it in
an onsite landfill with a gas collection system and leachate
control. The lead-contaminated soil comes from an unknown
source and was the driving force to conduct the cleanup.) The
cleanup will prevent risk to the occupants of the new elementary
school. The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MA DEP) approved the cleanup plan under its
cleanup regulations, the Massachusetts Contingency Plan.
The Chester Regional Elementary School is a part of the Gateway Regional School District, which also participated in the
hiring of the contractor and oversight of the construction of the school. The school district hired Fontain Brothers of
Springfield, MA, to construct the school for the price of $4.9 million. The school construction began in October 2002 and
should be substantially complete in October 2003. The school, which will hold classes between Kindergarten and fifth
grade, should open in January 2004.

I Former 5prtn fieIci Publtc Works
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Expansion of Springfield Foodservice Corporation and
New Hampden Zimmerman Electrical Supply Facility
Springfield, MA
(June 12, 2003)
The cleanup and redevelopment of the former Springfield Public Works Facility
was the first Brownfields project undertaken by the city with the Brownfields
Assessment Pilot Grant funds. The city of Springfield received its first brownfield
grant award in 1998 for $200,000 and utilized $50,000 of that funding to conduct
an environmental assessment that led to redevelopment of a public works site.
The project was managed by the Offices of Planning, Economic Development and
Community Development. The city of Springfield paid for the cost of building
demolition and cleanup of the site (approx. $250,000). Redevelopment of the
property was undertaken by Springfield Foodservice Corporation (SFC) and
Hampden Zimmerman Electrical Supply. SFC was an adjacent land owner
needing additional land for a 50,000 square foot expansion. By selling SFC the
land for the expansion, the city was able to retain over 200 jobs and SFC invested
$3.6 million in the property. The remainder of the land was sold to Hampden
Zimmerman who invested over $2 million for a new 40,000 square foot building
that employs over 60 people. Both investments resulted in over $100,000 in new
annual tax revenues for the city.
Exterior before 1
“ ___
— ., ___
The former Springfield Public Works Facility, located at 274 Taylor Street,
consisted of six buildings on 5.6 acres of land. The brick masonry buildings, _____________________
owned by the city of Springfield, were constructed between 1907 and 1923 and
were used for storage, painting, vehicle maintenance, and offices. Prior to its use
as a public works facility, the land hosted a variety of uses during the 1800’s,
including housing, coal sheds, an asphalt mixing plant, and railroad facilities, belonging to the New York and North East
Railroad. Sanborn maps (digital maps) indicate that the city operated a wagon shed and carriage house on the property
during the late 180 Ys. The entire property was used by the Springfield Department of Public Works from 1924 until 1999,
when all of the buildings were demolished.
Exterior after
The assessment and cleanup were completed by Environmental Compliance Services, Inc. (ECS). SFC & Hampden
Zimmerman both were selected, respectively, to conduct the redevelopment of the property. The city utilized several
financial incentives to attract the developers, including giving the developers incentives in the form of tax increment
financing. In 2000, the developers completed the projects and the property was put back into use for the community.

Former C rew Street School
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Former Carew Street School Redevelopment
Springfield, MA
(July 1, 2003)
The city of Springfield received $200,000 from EPA New England for a
Brownfields Assessment Pilot Grant Program in 1998. The city utilized
$20,000 of that funding to conduct an environmental assessment at the Carew
Street School site. In 2002, a private developer, Carew Street Development
LLC, was chosen to redevelop the property into a Head Start day care facility.
The redevelopment of the property should be completed by mid-July 2003.
The former Carew Street School was constructed in 1894 and consisted of a
three story, 47,764-square foot masonry and wood constructed building that
operated as a public elementary school until 1984. The school, located at 65
Carew Street (formerly 75) in Springfield’s North End, served approximately
400 students annually. A 1976 school renovation report described the school as severely deteriorated and in need of
extensive renovations which were never completed. The city of Springfield demolished the building in 1999. In 2000, a
Phase II Environmental Assessment was completed by Nobis Engineering Inc. Records indicated that in 1931 an
electrical substation was constructed adjacent to the school on the northeast side which operated with the use of
transformer oils containing PCBs. Given the close proximity to the school property, there was great concern that the
electric company property would be contaminated by PCBs. However, the results of the environmental assessment
showed that there was no contamination on the former school property. This new information added significant value to a
property that was perceived as highly contaminated and allowed the city to utilize the property for redevelopment.
On October 11, 2002, Carew Street Development LLC was chosen as the preferred developer of the property for their
proposed new Head Start day care facility. Together city officials and neighborhood residents participated in the selection
of the developer and the final redevelopment proposal. Site plan review was completed by both the Springfield Planning
Department and the New North Citizen’s Council. The new day care facility consists of a one-story, 9,000- square foot
building that was built by the developer to suit the Head Start program. The city will realize tax revenues that it would have
not received if the non-profit was the owner by selecting a private developer who will lease the space to a non-profit.
According to the building permit, $1 million in private funds will be invested, and it is estimated that the property will
generate in excess of $30,000 in annual new tax revenues for the city. Head Start expects that 24 new jobs will be
created for this facility.
The estimated completion date for this project is July 15, 2003. The city of Springfield paid $54,750 for the building’s
demolition. The remainder of the site preparation costs were paid by the developer. The redevelopment of this property is
especially important to this community because of its potential to improve the appearance of the community, add jobs, and
increase the tax base for the city.

Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Goodwin Estates
Hartford, CT
(July 10, 2003)
The city of Hartford’s Department of Housing and Community Development (Property Acquisition and Disposition Division)
utilized $25,000 from an EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant to conduct an environmental site assessment of the “Goodwin
Estates” property in 1997. In 2000 the city also received $250,000 from the Capital City Economics Development
Authority (CCEDA) to fund other assessment work and remove the asbestos, oil tanks, and transformers. The city utilized
these funds to determine if contamination from a dump site and the on-site laboratories existed. In the summer of 2004,
the redevelopment of this 17-acre property will be complete and will consist of a renovated historical mansion with seven
condos, meeting space, and a health club for the residents as well as 20 additional buildings that will house 56 new
In the West End neighborhood of Hartford, CT, the “Goodwin Estates” property has been an eyesore since the University
of Connecticut abandoned their agricultural facilities in 1989. The property at 1280 Asylum Avenue housed chemical
laboratory facilities in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Remnants of a historic
mansion (which was built in the 1920s) and contaminated soil remained.
The property had potential for reuse if it could be cleaned up and redevel-
oped. The city of Hartford’s original plan was to clean up the property and
build 63 luxury apartment units.
Shortly after the site was abandoned in 1989, the city of Hartford purchased
the property. The mansion burned down prior to the city’s purchase of the
land. Following purchase, the city conducted some preliminary demolition
and cleanup of what remained of the interior of mansion and removed
asbestos. The preliminary cleanup costs were about $250,000 and the city
funded the cost through state bond funds and state brownfields funds. The
city also demolished two sheds on the property that were already in disrepair.
During the removal process, the city found oil burners, metals, and other
contaminants. The city solicited a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the remaining cleanup work (including cleaning up what
was found in the removal process) and redevelopment of this site in late 2000 and early 2001. The city awarded the bid to
Ginsburg, a development company, and the contractor broke ground on the project in January 2003.
hst tes

The redevelopment of the property will be complete in the summer of 2004 and will improve the appearance of the former
brownfields property. Anticipated sale prices of the townhouses in the development will range from $368,000 to $423,000
and the condominiums in the mansion will range from $266,000 to $320,000. This project will increase property tax
revenue by approximately $400,000 annually. The city of Hartford successfully collaborated with the USEPA, Capital City
Economics Development Authority (a quasi-public authority formed to direct state-supported economic development
projects), and many city departments in the cleanup and redevelopment of the property.

“V” Kicjs
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
“r” Kids Family Center
New Haven, CT
(July 14, 2003)
The city of New Haven, Connecticut, utilized approximately
$20,000 of its $267,000 Brownflelds Assessment Grant received
in 1996 and 1998 from EPA New England to conduct an
environmental assessment and remedial planning activities on a
brownflelds property in New Haven. This brownfields site has
become the home of the “r” Kids Family Center. The culmination
of a seven-year effort to provide a home for the “r” Kids Family
Center was celebrated on June 26, 2003 with a community ribbon
cutting ceremony at its new 4,300 square foot facility at 45 DDwell
Avenue in New Haven, CT.
Tank excavation during cleanup
This neighborhood has traditionally been mixed use. Dating back
to 1967, the former commercial site was home to Midtown Shoe
______________________________________________ Shine Pailor. Prior to that establishment, Everybody’s Food
Market was located on the half-acre property, dating back to
1948. The surrounding properties have hosted a variety of commercial, residential and retail establishments. Junior’s Midnight Auto
Body has been located to the west of the property (since 1984). On the south side was another auto body repair facility that
operated there between 1925 and 1980. A gasoline station has also been located southwest of the brownfields site since at
least 1923.
The city of New Haven is one of the poorest cities in the country, in which the needs of the children are not always met. According
to the US 2000 Census, the population of New Haven is 123,626 people, with a median household income of $29,604, compared
to the state of Connecticut median household income of $53,935. About 36% of the city’s residents are African-American and 21%
Hispanic or Latino, according to the US 2000 Census. The latest Labor Force Data report from CT Department of Labor for April
2003, indicated that the unemployment rate in the city is 6.5% compare to 5.2% statewide (Connecticut Labor Force Data for
Labor Market Areas & Towns report for April, 2003.) The 2000 Census reports that 24.4% of the individuals lMng in New Haven
have incomes below the poverty level. (www.census.gov)
According to the US 2000 Census, Tract 1416, in which “r” Kids Family Center is located, has a population of 5,011 people. About
737% of this tract’s residents are African-Americans and 12.3% are Hispanics or Latinos. The percentage of individual families
lMng below the poverty level in this census tract is comparable to the city of New Haven at 24.8%. (www.census.gov)
‘Y’ Kids Family Center was established in 1996 as a result of a grassroots effort to identify the gaps in services within New Haven
for substance abusing women and their children seeking to be reunified. Founded by Sergio and Randi Rubin Rodriguez, foster
and adoptive parents. the non-profit agency provides support services for foster and adoptive families and their children as well as
for mothers, fathers and their children who are referred by the CT Department of Children and Family Services. Randi Rubin
Rodnguez quotes from Midrash (Midrash is the Book of Interpretations of the Bible by Jewish Scholars over hundreds of years),
‘With each child, the world begins anew:’ in explaining their motivation for building the family center. Midrash’s quote sums up the
________________ w -‘ _i -‘

very essence of the work that the “r” Kids Family Center does to provide every child a loving and permanent home. “r” Kids, Inc.
provides a safe, nurturing, and healthy environment with accessible support services for the families it serves. It operates six days
a week with five full-time staff and nine part-time staff members and serves up to 120 families and children annually. In addition to
facilitating parent/child visitation and access to conventional support services, “r” Kids, Inc. features such programs as support
groups, parenting classes, and children’s play groups. Numerous programs and support groups are provided for adoptive families
and their children, including a transracial adoption group, a summer reading series for adoptive families and an adult adoptees
reading group. “r” Kids, Inc. receives most of its operating funds through the federal Adoption and Safe Family Act (ASFA) (passed
in 1997). The state of Connecticut Department of Children and Families awards these monies from this federal act and awards “ ‘
Kids, Inc. with a contract in the amount of
$342,000 either yearly or once every two years
(starting in October 2003, the amount will
increase to $392,000). “r” Kids, Inc. also receives
$10,000 to $50,000 (depending on the year) from
HUD Community Development Block Grant
funding from the city of New Haven and also
receives small private foundation grants and
donations from private individuals.
After receiving the EPA Brownfields Assessment
Grant, the city of New Haven selected a private
contractor Catalyst Environmental Consulting, Inc.
of Simsbury CT, to conduct the environmental
assessment for the project. Between 1999 and
2000, the contractor completed the environmental
assessment and found a 1 ,000-gallon (mixture of
heating oil and water) underground storage tank
and about 200 tons of TPH contaminated soil.
Kropp Environmental Contractors, Inc. of Lebanon, CT, was selected by the city to remediate the property. The contractor removed
the underground storage tank and TPH contaminated soil in December 2000 and completed the cleanup in early 2001. Once the
cleanup was completed, the redevelopment contractor, Encon Construction Company in Branford, CT, began its work in 2002 and
completed the project about a year later, in the early summer of 2003.
The city of New Haven donated the property to “r” Kids Family Center, and the Connecticut Department of Social Services
provided two grants totaling $775,000 for building construction and site development. Randi Rubin Rodriquez explains how EPA
New England and the Brownflelds Assessment Grant was instrumental in the success of this project when she says, ‘The reality is
I don’t know if I could have raised monies at that stage of our non-operational corporation to do environmental remediation. We are
eternally grateful to EPA because it was the only way we could get off the drawing board and out of the ground!”

1Jrb n Oaks Ory nic Farm
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
Urban Oaks Organic Farm
New Britain, CT
(September 10, 2003)
The city of New Britain, CT received $200,000 in 1997 from the EPA New England Brownfields Assessment Pilot program
to conduct environmental site assessments on properties in the community. The city spent $39,512 to assess the former
Sandelli Greenhouses, Inc. (Sandelli) properties and two adjacent properties. In June 2003, the City was awarded an EPA
Brownfields Cleanup Grant for $60,000 to begin deanup of the abutting 207 Oak Street property, a former gas station and auto
repair shop. The Sandelli property at 233 Oak Street has been redeveloped into the Urban Oaks Organic Farm. The adjacent 207
Oak Street parcel, a former gas station and auto repair operation, will eventually become a part of the farm as a year round retail
outlet. The urban organic farm provides education for the city residents and school groups in organic gardening methods,
sustainable agriculture, non-toxic farming techniques, composting, and other environmentally-friendly farming techniques.
Odotfo Sandelli emigrated from Northern Italy and opened a flower and produce stand in New Britain, CT. He grew the business
into a horticultural product distribution operation which he ran until his death in 1977 at the age of 88. At it’s peak, the business
operated s n enormous greenhouses over 4 acres. The family attempted to keep the business going, but it closed in 1983 and
sat abandoned and largely forgotten until two local farmers, Michael Kandefer and Tony Norris, rediscovered this resource and had
the vision of converting the property into an urban oasis for organic farming and agriculture education.
Sandelli Greenhouses, Inc. consisted of four properties: 212,218,222, and 233 Oak Street. The 233 Oak Street parcel is a 2.27-
acre parcel and was formerly occupied by greenhouses and a florist business. The other three parcels contained three, three-story
brick residence structures built between 1910 and 1915. Two of the parcels had greenhouses structures. Both 218 and 222 Oak
Street had five bay garage structures. After Sandelli Greenhouses, Inc. closed in 1997, the properties became overgrown and were
suffering from use as a neighborhood dump.
The city used a portion of its Brownflelds Assessment Grant to hire TRC Environmental Corporation (TRC), an environmental
consultant firm with an office in Windsor, CT, to conduct Phase I and Phase II Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) at the
former Sandelli properties. The Phase I Assessments were completed by 2000. The Phase II Assessment on 233 Oak Street
was completed in November of 2002 and the Phase II for parcels 212, 218, and 222 was completed in June 2003. The total cost
of all Phase I and Phase II Assessments was $39,512.00. The Phase Ill for 207 Oak Street will be completed in September
2003. The city funded the Phase I and II Assessments, which were completed in January of 1999.
The ESAs for the Sandelli properties concluded that the properties did require some environmental remedetion for SVOCs on the
233 Oak Street parcel and debris cleanup on all parcels. The report concluded that greenhouse-related debris, including glass,
metal and plastic pieces, ceramic pots, metal piping, bottles, cans, discarded automotive parts, numerous old tires, one abandoned
car, metal scaffolding debris, roofing material, asphalt shingles and various asphalt, concrete and brisk debri&materials were
observed at the site, as well as 55-gallon drums and large soil piles. The Phase II ESA report for 207 Oak Street concluded that
there were the following concerns at the property: two 3,000-gallon underground gasoline tanks and one 3,000-gallon under-
ground gasoline storage tank an underground fuel oil storage tank, and one 275-gallon aboveground storage tank. Also, significant
petroleum staining persists at the site, along with other contaminants including waste oil, oil filters, lubricants, and automotive fluid
product containers, and contaminated soil. The Phase Ill ESA, will consist of test borings to ascertain soil quality in the mechanics’

pit area within the Pete’s Auto building and will fully delineate the subsurface contamination in the area of the gasoline underground
storage tanks (UST) and the fuel oil UST. Once Phase Ill is complete, the Remedial Action Plan will be prepared, which will direct
the remediation contractor in the cleanup process.
The current property owners are LaDirche, Inc (233 Oak Street) and the city of New Britain (212, 218, and 222 Oak Street). The
residents of the city of New Britain volunteered many hours to clear the Sandelli site of debris to become home to the greenhouse
complex and organic farm. The remaining cleanup of the site was conducted by specialized asbestos and demolilion contractors
hired by the city and was completed in May 2002. The total cost of cleanup was approximately $155,000. In addition to the
funding from EPA for environmental assessment, the project utilized funds from HUD, the Connecticut Department of Economic
and Community Development, and local foundations to rebuild the four greenhouses and for site improvements at a cost of
approximately $1.25 million.
The Urban Oak Organic Farm, located at 233 Oak Street, opened to the public in 1999. The farm provides education for residents
and school groups in organic gardening methods, sustainable agriculture, non-toxic farming techniques, composting, and other
environmentally-friendly farming techniques. The establishment of the organic farm has helped enhance the urban environment by
demonstrating farming responsibility, non-pollution techniques and soil amendments, pest control utilizing natural predators, and by
providing greenspace in an densely urban area.
The farm managers, Tony Norris and Mike Kandefer, operated a similar farm in Bolton, CT and now grow 250 varieties of quality
produce, including tomato plants, basil, okra, salad greens, peppers, and specialty produce such as crone, a Chinese root
vegetable. The farm sells its products to its visitors and to some of the region’s restaurants, health food stores, and grocery stores.
The farm is run as a public-private partnership with 50% of the board of directors members being from the neighborhood and 50%
representing local professional farmers. A farmer’s market is open to the public every Friday afternoon and Saturday morning. The
farm managers hope to assist with establishing other community gardens in the dy. The properly is leased for the cost of properly
taxes by landlord Elmo Aiudi, principal of LaDirche, Inc. whose construction firm also helped to clear the land and spread soil to
begin the farm. The 207 Oak Street parcel adjoins Urban Oak Farm and the plan is to restore the retail building on the site so that
the farm will have a storefront to sell produce grown on-site as well as products and product from other local organic farmers.
EPA cleanup funding and $12,000 from the state’s Bond funds for the Oak Street Area, will pay for the cleanup of the 207 Oak
Street property. It is estimated that the remediation will take place in May 2004. Once the cleanup is complete, the city of New
Britain will pay for the redevelopment of the property by utilizing funds from the city’s Community Development Block Grant
program. New Britain has a population of 71,538. The population density is 5,364 people per square mile, compared to 703 per
square mile for the state of Connecticut. The city has a population that is 26.75% Hispanic or Latino (21.94% of which is Puerto
Rican dissent), 10.89% African American, and 2.76% Asian. The median income is $34,185, as compared to $53,935 for the
state. The per capita income is $18,404 as compared to $28,766 for the state.
¶i r more information, check website: httpi/www.Iocalharvest.orgffarms/M551 5

Century Enterprise Center
New Milford, CT
(May 15, 2003)
In October 2002, the town of New Miltord signed a $700,000 loan
agreement to fund the deanup of the Century Enterprise Center (CEC)
in New Mitford, CT. This milestone puts this property one step closer
towards redevelopment. Once the cleanup is
complete, the town plans to market the CEC to a private developer or
end user.
The town of New Mitford is a fast-growing ex-urban community in
western Connecticut with a 2000 census population of 27,121. In 1999
the town obtained, through tax foreclosure, the 320,000 square foot
former Century Brass fabrication mill located on a 72-acre rural site with
the stated intention of remediating the site and reusing it for taxpaying
industrial or commercial use. The mill was built in 1957 and has been
closed since 1986.
Having secured site control, the town of New Mittord then applied for funds from EPA’s Brownfields Program for assessment and
cleanup. In 2000, New Mitford was awarded $200,000 through the EPA’S Brownfields Assessment Pilot program. This grant was
supplemented in 2002 by EPA with an additional $150,000.
New Mitford has utilized these funds to undertake a Phase Ill
assessment of the site which is scheduled for completion this
summer. In September 2001, New Mitford was also awarded
$1 million under the EPA’S Brownflelds Cleanup RevoMng
Loan Fund (BCRLF) program. Using this funding, the town
has created a loan program to help finance the cleanup. The
town has loaned this money to the New Milford Economic
Development Commission (EDC). The EDC is a nine
member volunteer group charged with facilitating industrial
and comniercial development in New Milford. The EDC is
responsible for daily oversight of the Century Enterprise
Center project and Will utilize this loan to fund most of the
cleanup, which is expected to be completed by the end of
The town has also been successful at leveraging funds from
other sources to assist with the redevelopment of this site.
The town was awarded $500,000 under Connecticut’s Small Town Economic Assistance Program (STEAP). These funds will be
Century Enterprise Center
Success in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant and Brownfields Cleanup
Revolving Loan Fund Programs
Exterior before

used for additional cleanup and to improve access to the site. The long-term goal of these improvements will be to provide truck
access to the Century Enterprise Center from Route 7 via the Boardman Bridge.
Regulatory Involvement and Structure of the Brownfields Loan Program
The Century Enterprise Center is unusual in that the
assessment and deanup is regulated by many different
federal and state programs. In addition to the EPA
Brownflelds program, which is providing funding for many
aspects of the assessment and cleanup, the site is being
remediated in accordance with the Resource Conservation
Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action program and the
Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) PCB Program. There
are also many state programs regulating the cleanup
including Connecticut’s Property Transfer Program and RCRA
Closure Program.
The EPA Brownfields Program is taking the regulatory lead
on the site. Under that program, the EDC serves as the Lead
Agency for the cleanup as well as the Fund Manager for the
loan program. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is also
playing a significant role in overseeing the cleanup by
providing technical support to EPA as well as with acting as
the site manager for the town to insure that all Federal requirements have been met. The town has also retained the services of a
licensed environmental professional (LEP), Tighe & Bond, to certify that the site has been completed in accordance with all state
Under the loan program, the EDC is also the borrower for the project and anticipates repaying the loan within 15 years with a zero
percent interest rate. Once repaid, the loan funds will be available for cleanup of other sites within the town.
The Cleanup
The cleanup plan for the Century Enterprise Center (CEC) has not yet been finalized. The site is contaminated primarily with
polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs) in the concrete slab floor and on other surfaces, which will likely be removed and/or encapsu-
lated. The building also contains friable asbestos contamination from the roof and pipe wrappings, which must be remediated prior
to use. The site also contains a former waste water disposal system which must be removed, as must three underground storage
tanks containing petroleum. The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection has already completed the cleanup of
extensive heavy metal contamination within the former wastewater lagoons, using money from a $2.9 million Letter of Credit
provided by the property’s former owners.

Figure 1
Project Schedule
Site Assessment
Backfill Lagoons
Environmental Cleanup
Site Access improvements
Groundwater monitoring
10/0010 9/03
4/03 to 6/03
10/03 to 12/03
6/03 to 6/04
1/03 to 12/07
Proposed Site Reuse Plan
The CEC represents a big opportunity for the town of New Milford to
increase its industrial tax base and provide jobs to its citizens. The
town is actively marketing the property, with the assistance of the
State, which has included the CEC in its Featured Properties Marketing Program. Possible future uses are as a distribu-
tion center, a large retail complex or as a site for a “clean” industry. The projected tax benefits to the town could be in
excess of $300,000 per year. The CEC is attractively
located less than one mile from U.S. Route 7 and served
by sidings from the Housatonic Railroad. Ample supplies
of electricity, natural gas and process water from the
Housatonic River are available.
Schedule and Opportunites for Future
Figure 1 contains a schedule for the major milestones in
the project. Public input has been and will continue to be
sought through the EDC, the Town Council, and through
public hearings. Updates will be issued approximately
quarterly summarizing the results of the site assessment
and the proposed cleanup plan. In addition, the town will
host a public meeting, probably in September 2003, to
present its plans and answer questions the public may
have. Periodic updates are also provided at monthly EDC
Meetings which are open to the public. Nearby residents
will receive mailings about the project’s progress. An email distribution list for information is also maintained. Anyone who
would like to be included on the mailing or e-mail list or would like to review any aspect of the project should contact Valerie
Wilson in Town Hall at 860-355-6081 or vwilson@newmilford.org.
‘ .,1

Success• in EPA Brownfields Assessment Grant Program and
Brownfuelds Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Program
Myrtle Street Brownfields Redevelopment
Lynn, MA and the Lynn Economic Development & Industrial Corporation
(April 2003)
Successful Partnerships Make for a Successful Brownfields Program
The Lynn Community Development Housing Corporation partnered (LCDHC) with the Lynn Housing Authority &
Neighborhood Development (LHAND) to construct five single-family homes that will be sold to low- and moderate-income
first-time homebuyers. This innovative project converted a former industrial property into residential properties within a
residential neighborhood. The project was also made possible by the partnership of the city of Lynn, the Economic
Development Industrial Corporation (EDIC I Lynn), and the Conservation Law Foundation which used EPA Brownfields
funding from the Assessment Grant program and the Revolving Loan Fund programs to assess and clean up the former
Empire Laundry property prior to redevelopment. EDIC / Lynn has been awarded $350,000 in assessment funding since
1997 and $500,000 to capitalize it’s Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund, a portion of which was used for this redevelopment
Myrtle Street Property Background
The Myrtle Street property was previously used as a commercial laundry facility, the Empire Laundry, from the early
1900’s until 1993. The property was abandoned from 1993 until 1996, when the city of Lynn foreclosed. EDIC I Lynn was
awarded $200,000 from EPA’s Brownfields Assessment Grant program in 1997, Assessment Grant supplemental funding
of $150,000 in 2000, and $500,000 to capitalize the Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund in 2000 as well. The property is
36,000 square feet in size and is surrounded on all sides by residential properties.
Assessment Grant Program Phase
In January 1998, the first community
meeting was convened. Given the
location of the property, area residents
and city officials favored converting the
industrial property to a residential use. In
March of 1998 above-ground hazardous
materials were discovered on the
property. EPA subsequently completed
an Emergency Removal Action to remove
15, 55-gallon drums of hazardous waste.
Follow-up site investigations, risk
assessment, remedial alternatives, and
cost estimates were prepared through the
fourth quarter of 1999.
Myrtle 5±ree Afforc% bie Housin

Brownfields Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund Phase
In 1999, EPA awarded the city of Lynn a $500,000 grant to establish a revolving loan fund program to fund environmental
cleanups. As part of the cleanup and redevelopment of the former Empire Laundry site, the Lynn Housing Authority was
able to borrow $69,000 in Brownfields funding from the city’s loan fund to cleanup the site and ready it for redevelopment.
The loan was signed on November 25, 2002. The loan interest rate is 5% and the term is 12 months. In September 2002
the redevelopment kick off was held, once the building demolition was complete, and the cleanup continued for the next
year. The cleanup consisted of excavating and removing contaminated soil. Over 2,400 pounds of solid waste were
_______________________ removed, as well as over 300 gallons of liquid waste and
163 bags of asbestos-containing building materials.
i_ui 1
Redevelopment Phase
In October 2001, LCDHC was conveyed the property. In
January 2002, the Mayor of Lynn signed the deed for the
I property. The groundbreaking for the Myrtle Street
‘- - properties was held on Wednesday, November 20, 2002.
The project is scheduled for completion in March 2003.

The \NorkpI ce, Inc .
Success in EPA Brownfields Job Training Grant Program
The Workplace, Inc.
Bridgeport, CT
(July 2003 update)
The WorkPlace, Inc. of Bridgeport, CT, received $200,000 for a Brownfields Job Training Grant from EPA New England in April
2001 to train residents from local, economically disadvantaged communities which are impacted by brownfields and have received
EPA funding for brownfield assessment or dean-up. The WorkPlace, Inc. collaborated with several other non-profit organizations,
educational institutions, environmental companies and the city of Bridgeport to recruit and train residents and assist them in
retaining permanent jobs in the environmental technology field. The Brownflelds Job Training Program was developed by The
WorkPlace, Inc. because local disadvantaged residents were not being recruited or trained to fill the need for trained workers to
address the clean-up and redevelopment of many brownfields located in the city of Bridgeport.
The WorkPlace, Inc, Southwestern Connecticut’s Regional Workforce Investment Board, is a private, non-profit corporation that
was established in 1983. The WorkPlace, Inc. serves more than 5,000 indMduais each year and administers over $10 million in job
training and preparation funds allocated by state and federal agencies. The grantee also coordinates providers of job training and
education programs that meet the needs of residents and employers in the 20 communities that comprise the Southwestern
Connecticut Workforce Investment Area. The Workplace, Inc. was named the “2001 Workforce Investment Board of the Year” by
the National Alliance of Business and received the “2002 Workforce Development Award for Excellence” from the National
Association of Counties.
The WorkPlace, Inc. organization formed key partnerships to accomplish its goals. Career Resources, Inc. oversaw the employ-
rnent process of the 49 residents. Environmental Management Geographical Consultants provided environmental training for the
49 trainees. Many environmental companies recruited trainees for internships and job placements. The WorkPlace, Inc. worked
with its partners to recruit residents by visiting local high schools, churches, and other places where people congregate and
informed residents about the training program. The grantee also recruited trainees by sending out flyers to residents in the
brownfield-affected area. In three sessions, 49 residents were trained in the following skills: environmental health safety and
industrial hygiene, innovative remediation technologies, lead and asbestos abatement, life skills, and anthrax contamination clean-
up (added after September 11, 2001.) Graduates from the training course received certificates in Lead and Asbestos Abatement,
OSHA 40 Hour HAZWOPER, and a technical environmental certificate.
At the completion of the training courses, 44 out of the 49 trainees graduated from the program. Of the 44 trainees who graduated
from the training course, 84% obtained internships or job placements. The WorkPlace, Inc. and its partners worked diligently with
environmental companies to identify internship and job opportunities. The grantee assisted the trainees throughout the process of
obtaining jobs in the environmental technology field, including assistance in writing resumes and developing the trainees’
interviewing skills and workplace skills. Trainees obtained internship positions and job placements from many companies, including
A-i Asbestos Abatement, Inc. (Waterbury, CT), Acadia Demolition (Fairfield, CT), Complete Environmental Testing, Inc. (Stratford,
CT), Environmental Management Geological Consultants, Glacier Drilling (Botton, CT), LVI (New London, CT), Kerite Company
(Seymour, CT), Ocean Trace Demolition (Oakville, CT), and United Industrial Services (Meriden, CT).
The WorkPlace, Inc. Executive Committee of the Board of Directors has been impressed with the results of this program and have
authorized The WorkPlace, Inc. to continue the Brownfields Job Training Program using non-EPA dollars. The WorkPlace, Inc.’s
goal is to have the Brownfields Job Training Program implemented in other area municipalities that are also trying to revitalize their
brownfields areas.

Former Erickson Property
Success in EPA-Lead Targeted Brownfields Assessment Program
Former Erickson Property Becomes a City Park
Ledyard, CT
(September 3, 2003)
EPA New England funded a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) at the Erickson Property, located at 110/114
Military Highway, in 1999 on behalf of the town of Ledyard, CT. After the property was assessed by the Targeted
Brownfields Assessment (TBA) program, (with additional site assessment paid for by Erickson Estate, the property
owners) the property underwent remediation. The town of Ledyard is currently redeveloping the property into an open
greenspace and waterfront park. The dedication is anticipated to take place in either the winter 2003 or spring 2004.
The Erickson family owned the property since approximately 1900. The
property was utilized as a convenience store, roller rink, and automotive
service station. Gasoline sales and automotive repairs were performed on
the property from the 1 920s until the 1 980s. The general store operated
from the 1920s until the early 1990s. Items sold at the store included
automotive supplies and lead-acid batteries.
The Erickson property is located at 110/114 Military Highway in the Gales
Ferry section of the town of Ledyard, CT. The property is 2.89 acres and
consists of two adjacent triangle- shaped pieces of land that are located
between the Thames River and Military Highway. One of the two triangle-
shaped pieces of land (Parcel 110) was undeveloped and was vegetated
with grass, shrubs, and trees. The other piece of land (Parcel 114)
contained five unoccupied, deteriorating structures including a 2,000-square foot convenience store and service station, a
1 500-square food residential dwelling, a 1,500-square decked-over foundation of a former dwelling, an old shed, and an
An initial Phase I ESA was prepared for the town of Ledyard by Heynen Teale Engineers, in November 1 998. The initial
Phase I ESA cost about $1,450 and was paid for by the town of Ledyard. The results from the initial Phase I recom-
mended further testing for soil contamination and to ensure all underground tanks were removed. The Final Phase I
Technical Memo, Background Summary, valued at $50,000, was conducted by EPA ’s contractor Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. and
completed on August 16, 1999. This Phase I ESA recommended that due to the types of debris left on the property,
including drums, pails, tanks, batteries, and other solid waste, a Phase Il ESA needed to be conducted at the property.
The Erickson Estate (owners of the property) assumed responsibility of the Phase II ESA. It was prepared by ALTA
Environmental Corporation in June 2000. The results of Phase II ESA indicated that items found at the site of environmen-
tal concern should be removed. The results also showed that soil contamination was not significant and did not require
remediation. Once the Phase II was completed in 1999, the town of Ledyard purchased the property for a reduced price
that reflected the estimated cost of the cleanup work required at the site ($15,000).

Cleanup was conducted by Fleet Environmental Services and paid for by the town of Ledyard. The contractor removed
items of environmental concern noted in Phase II report by ALTA. Cleanup work was completed in August 2000. Asbestos
found in the remaining buildings were removed by Wiese Construction & Environmental Service Inc. The total cost of
asbestos removal was $15,880. The work was completed in December of 2001. The old store and home were demolished
pro bono by a local contractor. The debris dumping fees were paid by a state of Connecticut Long Island Sound License
Plate fund grant and totaled $7,600. The demolition work was completed in March of 2003.
The town of Ledyard is currently redeveloping the property into a passive park and public open greenspace and a
dedication ceremony will take place in the winter 2003 or spring 2004. Since March 2003, local groups have volunteered
to remove debris such as brush, cement block, old wheelchair, etc. A site preparation plan to create a park has been
completed. Signs and benches are currently on order and will be installed in December 2003. The town of Ledyard is
working to remove the pavement and to find funds to stabilize the boat launch. An Eagle Scout from the local area is
proposing to remove underbrush and invasive plants and possibly repair the stone wall as part of his Eagle Project.

M cjeli e English School
Success in EPA-Lead Targeted Brownfields Assessments
Tremont Villa property
Everett, MA
(July 10, 2003)
On behalf of the city of Everett, MA, EPA New England
conducted Phase I and Phase II environmental site
assessments (ESA) through the Targeted Brownfields
Assessment program at the Tremont Villa property in 1998.
The property, located at 168 Tremont Street in Everett, is a
former brownfields property that is adjacent to a vacant lot.
Together, these two properties have been redeveloped into
the Madeline English Grammar School, a playground, a
parking lot, and a small open green space. The EPA ESA
was valued at about $50,000. The school opening is
anticipated for September of 2003.
Exterior before .
______________________________________________ In 1925, Nustone Products Company purchased the
property at 168 Tremont Street in Everett from Edward and
Hiram Gillett. In 1932 and 1940, Boston Nustone Corporation manufactured laundry tubs and tanks. In 1940, Everett
Specialities Company produced beer spigots at this site. In 1955, New England Retinning Company was located at this
site until about 1971 at which time Albert Cardello of Car-For Realty purchased the property and the building became a
commercial function hall (Tremont Villa). At the start of the project, the brownfields property consisted of a 1.42 acre
parcel, with a one-story, 15,800-square foot commercial building. The southeastern portion of the property consisted of an
asphalt-paved parking area.
In 1996, the Everett School Building Commission selected the two adjacent properties (the former brownfields site and the
adjoining vacant property) as the location for the Madeline English School, a playground, a parking lot, and a small open
green space. The Everett School Board decided to name the grammar school in 2000 in honor of Madeline English.
Madeline English played third base for the Racine Belles, a baseball team in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball
League, from 1943 to 1950. She was named an All-Star in 1946 and 1948. She worked for 27 years as a teacher and
guidance counselor at the Parlin Junior High School in Everett, MA. In 1988, the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown,
New York recognized her achievements on the field by inducting the All-Stars from the All-American Girls Professional
Baseball League.
The Phase I ESA, which was completed in July 1998, and the Phase II ESA, which was completed in April 1999, were
conducted by the EPA’s contractor, Tetra Tech NUS, Inc. Results from these ESAs showed that a limited cleanup of soil
and groundwater (particularly, cleaning up volatile organic compounds (VOC) plumes in groundwater, metals and organic
compounds found in subsurface soils, and extractable petroleum hydrocarbons (EPH) compounds and lead found in soils)
was needed at the brownfields property. The actual cleanup costs were $470,000, which included investigations (and
ESAs), regulatory filings and reports, groundwater evaluation and risk assessment and soil remediation.

In 1997, the city was awarded $11 million in funding from the School Building Assistance Bureau (SBAB) of the MA
Department of Education to pay for 60 o,/ of the remediation and redevelopment of the two properties. In 1999, the city of
Everett obtained ownership of the brownfields property due to tax foreclosure of the former owner. In August 1999, the city
of Everett awarded the contractor, Barletta Engineering Company, to conduct the remediation and redevelopment of the
two properties. About 90% of the brownfie lds portion of the property was utilized as a parking lot. The total acreage of the
combined properties is between
4.5 and 5 acres. The total project
cost $18.5 million, including
remediation and redevelopment
of the property (not including the
ESAs.) The Madeline English
School, a school that can hold
950 children between pre-
Kindergarten and 8 t grade, will
have a grand opening ceremony
in September 2003. Ms. English
will be in attendance at the grand
opening ceremony.
Mayor David Ragucci of Everett with Madeline English
- -

Success in EPA-Lead Target Brownfields Assessment Program
Old Northampton Fire Station
Northampton, MA
(July 31, 2003)
EPA New England conducted Phase I and Phase II environmental site assessments (ESAs) on behalf of the city of
Northampton, MA, through the Targeted Brownfields Assessment (TBA) program. EPA’s consultants assessed the
environmental contamination at the old Northampton Fire Station on 60 Masonic Street in Northampton in 2000. The
results of the ESAs showed that there was a contaminated “hot spot’ on the property that needed further investigation.
The city of Northampton hired a contractor to conduct a follow-up study of the “hot spot”. The contractor found contami-
nants were below state standards and the rest of the site did not need any cleanup. In August 2001. Media Education
Foundation, a nonprofit, bought the property from the city and has redeveloped the old fire station into office space for
their use and retail space. Media Education Foundation moved into their office space in March 2003. The retail space was
renovated into Woodstar Café, which opened on July 12, 2003.
The old Northampton Fire Station is located in an urban, downtown section of Northampton, MA. The property is
approximately 13,0000-square feet in size. The city of Northampton has owned the property since the mid to late 1800s.
The main building was constructed in 1872. The property was utilized as a fire station by the Northampton Fire Depart-
ment from 1872 until June 1999. After ceasing operation as a fire station, the main building and the smaller storage
building were utilized as storage areas for some office equipment and small tools for city maintenance. The second floor of
the main building was periodically utilized as an overflow shelter by the Interfaith Community Cot Shelter.
Metcalf & Eddy, the EPA
contractor for this project,
completed the Phase I ESA in
February 2000 and the Phase II
ESA in February 2001 at a cost
of approximately $98,000.
Results from the environmental
assessments found that the
property had one area of
concern, or “hot spot,” in the
subsurface soil that contained
petroleum possibly commingled
with coal, coal ash, and wood
ash that needed further
investigation. The Cleanup
Options Study/Cost Estimate,
completed in February 2001 by
the EPA contractor, estimated
that the cost of the cleanup of
the property would be between
$32,800 and $41,300.
Old North mp±on Ftre 5± ±ion

In early 2002, the city of Northampton hired O’Reilly Talbot Okun to assess the area of concern. The contractor conducted
an environmental assessment of the “hot spot” and found that the levels of contamination were below the state standards.
The city paid the contractor approximately $2,000 and utilized funds from the city’s revolving loan fund, which will be
repaid from the receipts from selling the property.
In summer of 2001, the city of Northampton requested bids for the Request for Proposal (RFP) for the redevelopment the
property. The city sold the property to Media Education Foundation, a nonprofit, in August 2001. Media Education
Foundation began to rehabilitate the two buildings (a maintenance building and the former fire station building) in summer
of 2002. The nonprofit hired TCI of Amherst, MA, to conduct the redevelopment of the brownfields property in summer of
2002 and completed the work in March 2003. Part of the first floor and the entire second floor of the old fire station
building was converted into office space for the nonprofit. A portion of the first floor was renovated into retail space. The
other building, previously used for maintenance activities, was sold to a private individual, and the building is currently
being redeveloped into a mixed residential/studio space. The redevelopment of the two buildings cost a total of $1.6
million. Media Education Foundation received financing of $1.2 million from Mass Development Bank and Florence Saving
Bank and the nonprofit raised the rest of the funding themselves. (www.mediaed.org)
Media Education Foundation moved into their new office space in the old fire station in March 2003. The retail space in the
old fire station, the Woodstar Café, opened on July 12, 2003. The old maintenance building’s renovation will be completed
in September 2003. The nonprofit employs 14 people and the café employs about 3 to 4 people.

I Former E s± Co s± Steel
Success in State-Lead Targeted Brownfields Assessment Grant Program
East Coast Steel
Greenfield, NH
(June 25, 2003)
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) received $817,695 (between fiscal years 2000 to
2003) from EPA New England to conduct State-Lead Targeted Brownfield Assessments (TBA). NHDES spent $88,964 (out
of the total funding) to assess the contamination at the East Coast Steel site in Greenfield, NH. Starting in the fall of 2000,
NHDES conducted site investigation and cleanup planning services on behalf of the town of Greenfield. Cleanup of the site
will be completed by the end of the summer of 2003. The town of Greenfield will redevelop the site into a community septic
system and open space park for the community, and will open the redeveloped site in the spring of 2004.
Recently, the town’s village district of Greenfield, NH, has had problems with individual septic systems and private water
welts. Many of the residents who live in the village district have been concerned that their water quality will degrade
because their private water wells are located in close proximity to their individual septic systems. The local business
owners have also complained that they could not expand their businesses without larger septic system capabilities. The
town of Greenfield decided that the best solution was to utilize an abandoned site, the former East Coast Steel Site, as the
site for a community septic system because it is located near the village district. The town has also decided to redevelop
the remaining portion of the property into open space for community use.
The town of Greenfield has taken a proactive role in addressing contamination concerns at this site. Residents passed a
bond in March 2000 for a total $2.1 million to pay for a host of projects in Greenfield, including the purchase of the
property, cleanup, and redevelopment of this site. The bond authorized the total amount approved by the town, and much
of the $2.1 million came from grants through various state and federal programs, including NH Department of Transporta-
tion, USDA Rural Development, and NHDES. Of the $2.1 million bond, about $300,000 of the funding has been allocated
to use for the purchase of the property, demolition and removal of waste, and clean-up of the site and about $450,000 has
been budgeted for the installation of the leachfields.
The 2.54-acre site has a history of industrial and commercial use and dates back to about 1920, when the former
Greenfield Town Garage facility was located in the northwest portion of the property. Since then, the property has been
occupied by several industries including: Greenfield Industries (a woodworking operation) from about 1959 to 1970, Jetfco
(a printed circuit board manufacturer) from about 1972 to 1976, and Artec (a plastics molding operation) in 1979. Most
recently, East Coast Steel company operated a steel fabricating and contracting business at this property from about 1979
to 1998. Following the closing of East Coast Steel facility in 1998, the owner defaulted on the mortgage, and the lender,
Granite Bank, subsequently foreclosed on the property. The town of Greenfield purchased the property from the bank
shortly thereafter.
Two additional assessments were paid by the town of Greenfield after the State-Led Targeted Brownfields Assessments
were completed. The town of Greenfield utilized approximately $10,000 from the state’s petroleum funds to further assess
aboveground and underground storage tank related soil and groundwater contamination The most recent assessment of
the two is currently underway and should be completed by mid-summer of 2003. Additionally, project contractors hired by
the town of Greenfield have found 15 more barrels of waste paints and oils, more PCBs-containing light ballasts

(flourescent lights), and more thermostats on the site than initially identified. An additional 300 cubic yards of previously
inaccessible petroleum contaminated soil were encountered in the above ground storage tank area and have been
removed for off-site treatment and disposal.
The town of Greenfield is funding the cleanup in order to get this site ready for redevelopment. The town anticipates
receiving some state funds (about $20,000) for the clean-up project in the form of reimbursement for oil clean-up to
address excavation and disposal of petroleum-contaminated soils associated with the previously existing aboveground
and underground storage tanks. Between 20 and 30 drums that contained contaminants, including paint materials,
residues, solvents, and oils, have been removed from the site. About 750 cubic yards of contaminated soil will be removed
from the site, and in the summer of 2003, the contaminated soil will be hauled off site to the appropriate treatment and
disposal facilities. All cleanup will be completed by the fall of 2003. It is anticipated that the redevelopment will be
completed by the spring of 2004.

EPA New England Brownfields Team Contacts
Associate Director of Policy
& Brownfields
Dennis Huebner
(61 7)-91 8-1203
huebner.dennis @ epa.gov
Regional Brownfields Coordinator
& Program Lead
Cleanup Grant Program (New)
Lynne Jennings
(61 7)-91 8-1 210
Program Lead
Targeted Brownfields Assessments
Jim Byrne
(61 7)-91 8-1389
Program Lead
Revolving Loan Funds
James Chow
(61 7)-91 8-1394
Program Lead
Assessment Grant Program
& Showcase Communities
Diane Kelley
(61 7)-91 8-1424
Program Lead
Job Training Grant Program
Chris Lombard
(61 7)-91 8-1305
lombard.chris @ epa.gov
Project Officer
Joonu-Noel Andrews
(61 7)-91 8-1630
andrews.joonu @ epa.gov
Project Officer
John Smaldone
(61 7)-91 8-1207
smaldone.john © epa.gov
Project Officer
Myra Schwartz
(61 7)-91 8-1696
Legal Advisor
Rona Gregory*
(61 7)-91 8-1096
Web Site: www .epa.gov/nelbrownfields
The mailing address for the
EPA New England Brown fields Team is:
U.S. EPA - New England (Mail Code: HlO)
One Congress Street, Suite 1100
Boston, MA 02114-2023
FAX: 617-918-1291
*use Mail Code RCA