ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
           OFFICE OF ENFORCEMENT
                  EPA-330/1-77-012
             Coke Battery Survey
Procedures Description & Data Presentation

      United States Steel Corporation
              Fair field  Works
             Fa irfie Id,  Alabama
           [NOVEMBER 30-DECEMBER 9,1976)
      NATIONAL ENFORCEMENT  INVESTIGATIONS  CENTER
                 DENVER. COLORADO
      DIVISION  OF STATIONARY SOURCE  ENFORCEMENT
                 WASHINGTON, D.C             ,.
    OFFICE  OF  AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND  STANDARDS^
              DURHAM,  NORTH CAROLINA
         REGION
PHILADELPHIA. PENNSYLVANIA
                  DECEMBER  1977

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       ENVIRONMENTAL  PROTECTION AGENCY
            OFFICE  OF ENFORCEMENT
              EPA-330/1-77-012
             COKE BATTERY SURVEY

PROCEDURES DESCRIPTION AND DATA PRESENTATION

       UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION

               FAIRFIELD MORKS
             Fairfield, Alabama
       (November 30-December 9, 1976)
                December 1977
 National Enforcement Investigations Center
              Denver, Colorado

  Division of Stationary Source Enforcement
              Washington, D.C.

Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards
           Durham, North Carolina

                 Region III
         Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 1
BACKGROUND 1
SURVEY OBJECTIVES 2
REPORT PURPOSE 3
II SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 5
III PLANT DESCRIPTION 9
IV SURVEY PROCEDURES 11
OBSERVER POSITIONS 11
PROCESS OBSERVATION PROCEDURES 12
VISIBLE EMISSIONS OBSERVATION PROCEDURES 28
V SURVEY RESULTS 31
PROCESS OBSERVATION DATA 31
VISIBLE EMISSIONS OBSERVATION DATA . . . 40
REFERENCES 43
APPENDICES
A Visible Emission Observation Methods
B Daily Activities and Process Observer
Requi rements
C Figures
D Tables

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I. INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND
During the spring of 1976, personnel from the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), Division of Stationary Source Enforcement
(DSSE) and EPA Region III recognized a need to obtain a “standardized”
data base of visible emission and process observations for well operated
byproduct coke batteries. Such a data base would enable the various EPA
Regional offices to conduct, more effectively, negotiations with coke
battery operators who are not in compliance with applicable State
Implementation Plan (SIP) regulations. In addition, failing to arrive
at a negotiated settlement, an EPA Regional Office would then have a
creditable technical data base for litigation against the non-complying
coke battery operator. Furthermore, the Office of Air Quality Planning
and Standards (OAQPS) had, and still has, an interest in obtaining
visible emissions and process observation data for use in, or in con-
junction with, the task of developing performance standards for byproduct
coke batteries. Thus, the idea of a national coke battery evaluation
program was initiated. Later, with the combined Regional Office/DSSE/OAQPS
responsibility to define reasonably available control technology, best
available control technology, and lowest achievable emission rates for
byproduct coke batteries, in conjunction with the Agency policy for new
source review, the data obtained from the program had still another use.
The first step of the national coke battery evaluation program was
to establish an inspection team of visible emissions and process observers
to conduct observations at selected coke batteries throughout the United
States. EPA’s National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC) was
requested to assist in the development of the program because of the

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enforcement objectives of the program and the NEIC’s ability to provide
a sizeable manpower pool with which to conduct the individual coke
battery evaluations.
As a second step, the scope of the program was restricted to
gathering visible emissions and process observation data pertaining to
only charging, door leaks, pushing, and topside leaks. Collectively,
the program participants agreed upon the methods which would be used in
gathering visible emissions data [ Appendix A]. With the assistance of a
statistician consultant, a data gathering strategy for the first field
survey was developed.
The first field survey was designed to introduce the inspection
team to coke battery operations and to gather visibl€ emissions data
with which to determine inspector variance in side-by-side visible
emission observations. This field survey was conducted in September
1976 at the Bethlehem, Pennsylvania plant of the Bethlehem Steel
Corporation. The results of this work are contained in a report
entitled “Coke Battery Visible Emissions Observation Corroboration,
Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (September 1976)
and United States Steel Corporation, Fairfield, Alabama (December 1976).”
Following the Bethlehem coke plant survey, process observation
procedures and field data sheets were developed and agreed upon by the
program participants. While the Bethlehem data were being evaluated, a
second field survey was planned for the United States Steel Corporation’s
(USSC) Fairfield Works, Fairfield, Alabama.
SURVEY OBJECTIVES
The Fairfield survey was designed to fulfill the following
objectives:

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1. Field evaluate process observation procedures and data
sheets which had never been used before.
2. Acquire a visible emissions data base at batteries 5 and 6
for use in establishing new source performance or hazardous
pollutant standards for charging.
3. Acquire visible emissions data at batteries 5 and 6 for
pushing, door leaks, and topside leaks.
4. Acquire visible emissions data at battery 9, a taller battery
than batteries 5 and 6, for door leaks.
5. Determine whether the visible emissions observation teams
corroborated in the two charging emission observations
methods, since the charging data acquired at Bethlehem was
not considered to be sufficient.
From November 29 through December 10, 1976, a team of inspectors
from EPA Region III, DSSE, OAQPS, NEIC, and the Jefferson County Alabama
Health Department conducted the Fairfield survey. November 29 was an
assignment/orientation day, principally for process observers, and to
familiarize all inspectors with the plant layout, equipment, observation
positions, etc. Visible emissions and process observation data were
gathered November 30 through December 9, with the exception of Sunday
December 5. On December 10, a person from each organization mentioned
above met with coke plant management personnel to conclude arrangements
on exchange of data. A log of activities during the entire survey is
contained in Appendix B [ Table B-i].
REPORT PURPOSE
This report describes the methods and procedures used at Fairfield
to make visible emission and process observations. It contains numerous
figures and tables which have been developed from the field data for use
by data analysts, regulation developers, and enforcement case developers.

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No correlation of parameters, cause/effect, etc., are contained in this
report; however it does contain conclusions on the utility of gathering
specific data by the methods and procedures used at Fairfield.
For ease of reading the text of the report, all figures have been
placed in Appendix C and all tables in Appendix D.

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II. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
Between November 29 and December 10, 1976, a team of inspectors
from EPA Region III, Division of Stationary Source Enforcement, Office
of Air Quality Planning Standards, National Enforcement Investigations
Center, and the Jefferson County Alabama Health Department conducted a
coke plant survey at the United States Steel Corporation Fairfield
Works, Fairfield, Alabama. The purpose of the survey was to gather
visible emissions data for charging, door leaks, topside leaks, and
pushing at batteries 5 and 6, and for door leaks at battery 9, and to
field evaluate process observation procedures and da .a sheets. This
report describes the process and visible emissions observation pro-
cedures employed during the survey and presents the resultant data.
Most of the process data gathered was useful to document various
operations while visible emissions observations were being made;
however, the true utility of the data can only be evaluated following a
thorough analyses. No attempt was made in this report to correlate the
process data with the visible emissions data to determine if the con-
clusions or correlations which are hypothesized or suggested are
supported. These data are presented for data analysts, regulation
developers, and enforcement case developers to analyze or use as they
deem fit.
Process data gathered which required that a diagram be drawn (e.g.,
charge port carbon buildup, gooseneck and standpipe carbon buildup, roof
carbon, oven cold spots), were difficult to interpret and did not meet
the desired goal, to objectively identify the nature and extent of the
situation. Carbon buildup should be monitored by having the observer

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compare the actual situation against a preselected criterion, such as
whether the cross-sectional area is at least 80% open. The existence of
oven cold spots and a brief narrative description of the general location
should be brought to the attention of the inspection team leader. The
team leader could then check oven flue temperature records to determine
if there is a logical explanation.
The following table summarizes the number of visible emissions
observations (VEO’s) conducted during the Fairfield survey:
Unit
Operation
VEO Method
Battery
Total
9 Observations
5
6
Charging
A
B
135
345
135
345
Total
Charging
270
690
960
Doors
C
44
59
30
133
Topsides
H
36
30
66
Pushing
D
E
F
54
52
52
75
55
74
Total
Pushing
129
107
126
362

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The following summarizes the ranges of the average daily visible
emissions observed during the Fairfield survey:
Range of Average Daily
Battery
VEO Method (Units) 5 6
Emissions
9
Charging
A (seconds >20% opacity) t 4.4-15.6 7.6-12.5
B (seconds of any leaks) t 11.5-40.9 6.2-26.8
Doors
C (% CS doors with leaks) 1.5-6.5 2.0-3.3 2.4-3.6
C (% PS doors-i/side with leaks) 6.7-10.4 0.6-6.5 0.5-5.4
C (% PS doors—2/side with leaks) 3.3-5.6 0.3-3.3 0.4-3.0
C (% chuck doors with leaks) 4.5-9.8 0.6-6.1 0.5-3.4
C (% total doors - 2/oven with leaks) 4.0-7.4 1.5-4.4 1.6-4.5
C (% total doors - 3/oven with leaks) 2.7-5.1 1.0-3.1 1.0-3.2
C (% ovens with leaks) 7.6-13.8 2.4-8.0 2.8-7.7
Tops ides
H (% standpipe leaks) 3.0-16.9 3.9-7.0
H (% standpipe leaks >1 m long) 0.2-2.8 0.0-2.0
H (% lid leaks) 0.1-1.0 0.0-0.3
Pushing
D (seconds >20% opaclty)tt 11-30 22-35
E (seconds >60% opacity) t 12-14 0-2
F (average % opacity)tt 40-48 18-24
I- During the charge period which begins when coal is first introduced
into an oven and ends when the last charge port lid is replaced.
rr During the period from when coke face movement by the ram begins
until all coke is in the quench car.

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III. PLANT DESCRIPTION
At USSC Fairfield Works there are currently seven operating coke
batteries, designated batteries 3 through 9 [ Figure 1]. Of interest for
this survey were batteries 5, 6, and 9, for the objectives stated under
SURVEY OBJECTIVES.
Batteries 5 and 6 are Koppers design and consist of 77 ovens each;
ovens are numbered 1 through 85 (without zeros) from the coal bunker.
These two batteries were rehabilitated in 1973. Batteries 5 and 6 are
operated as individual operating units; the only equipment common
to both is the hot (quench) car, although all other equipment is inter-
changeable. Other equipment for each battery includes a larry car, coke
side door machine, pusher machine, and a pusher side door machine which
is a separate unit from the pusher machine, but can be remotely controlled
by the pusher machine operator. The coal bunker is common to both
batteries. Batteries 5 and 6 have a gun-fired combustion system and
both are equipped with a single collector main on the coke side.
Each oven in batteries 5 and 6 has four charge ports numbered 1
through 4 from coke to pusher side. Approximately 13.42 m. tons (14.78
tons) of coal are charged to an oven with 31%, 12%, 25%, and 32% of the
volume charged through charge ports 1 through 4, respectively. The
ovens have a theoretical volume of 16.6 m 3 (587 ft 3 ), are approximately
3.4 m (11 ft) tall, and are nominally 46 cm (18 in) wide. All ovens are
pushed and charged by the “Koppers” sequence (l’s, 3’s, 5’s, 7’s, 9’s;
2’s,4’s,6’s,8’s; l’s,3’s,etc.).
The ovens for batteries 5 and 6 are equipped with self-sealing,
screw-latch doors. The chuck door is not an integral part of the
pusher side door, but is a separate unit.

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Battery 9 is Koppers-Becker design and consists of 63 ovens
numbered 1 through 69 (without zeros) from south to north. Battery 9
was rehabilitated in 1974. Ovens for battery 9 are slightly taller --
4.0 m (13 ft) -— and slightly narrower -- 41 cm (16 in) -- than
batteries 5 and 6. The doors are also self-sealing, but are cam-latch,
and like batteries 5 and 6, the chuck door is separate from the pusher
side door.

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IV. SURVEY PROCEDURES
As previously stated, the objectives of the Fairfield survey were
to evaluate process observation procedures and field data forms and to
acquire visible emissions data on charging, door leaks, pushing, and
topside leaks. This section first presents the various observer positions
employed. Secondly, this section discusses the process observation
field data forms, describes the procedures used and the inspectors
responsible for their completion, and briefly, where appropriate, describes
the reason why such data were gathered. Finally, this section presents
the visible emissions observation field forms and briefly describes the
methods employed to observe the visible emissions.
OBSERVER POSITIONS
At the start of each day the designated team leader handed the USSC
contact a copy of the completed personnel placement form [ Figure 2],
which indicated by name each inspector’s observation position and task
for that day, i.e., a visible emissions observer or a process observer.
The Company could then assign, at its discretion, the appropriate number
of guides for the EPA inspectors. Normally the 15 person inspection
team consisted of three visible emissions observers reading charging on
either battery 5 or 6; three other visible emissions observers reading
charging on the other battery or pushing on the same battery; one visible
emissions observer reading door leaks on batteries 5 and 6, 5 and 9, or
6 and 9, and also topside leaks on either battery 5 or 6; a team leader
who was the Company contact for the day and overall supervisor; a topside
inspector who made process observations on the battery where charges,
pushes, and topside leaks were being observed; a larry car inspector who
made process observations from the larry car on the battery where charges

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were being observed; a pusher machine inspector on the battery where
charges and pushes were being observed; and two pusher side door machine
inspectors and two coke side door machine inspectors who made process
observations from the door machines on the batteries where door leaks
were being observed. Each day the topside, larry car, pusher machine,
one door machine, and one door machine inspector were on the same battery;
the other pusher side and coke side door machine inspectors were on
another battery. In addition, a second larry car inspector conducted a
time study of the charging unit operations. Table B-2 (Appendix B)
presents which data sheets were completed at each process observer
position.
PROCESS OBSERVATION PROCEDURES
Daily, each process observer was required to complete a personnel
activities form [ Figure 3] on which the number of workers at the position,
their job titles, a brief description of their duties, and a notation of
personnel changes (numbers of workers, principally) as made throughout
the day. These data were gathered in an attempt to determine the crew
size associated with individual battery operation.
The team leader was daily responsible to go to the reversing room
and askania chart room at each of the batteries where observations were
being made to initial and record the time and date on each of the charts
listed in the chart log [ Figure 4].
At the start of the survey the team leader completed the combustion!
exhaust setting form [ Figure 5]. These data were gathered, along with
part of the information in Figure 4, primarily for an EPA contractor who
was investigating combustion stack emissions for DSSE.

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The team leader did not complete the combustion data form [ Figure 6]
daily, but was provided these data at the completion of the survey.
The team leader completed the photography log [ Figure 7] on those
days [ Appendix B] on which movies and/or still shots were taken. He
logged the approximate footage of movie film and number of still shots,
as well as the subject of the photography.
The remaining process observation forms and procedures are discussed
in the context of the emission source (charging, doors, topsides, and
pushing) for which the process parameter is believed to be of some
consequence. In each case, the reason why such data were gathered is
discussed first, followed by a presentation of the form and a brief
description of the procedure used in completing the form.
Charging
Larry Car Alignment
Proper alignment of the larry car drop sleeves with the charge
ports is necessary to assure sufficient oven aspiration, and proper flow
of coal into the oven. Misalignment can create an orifice through which
oven aspiration can be lost, causing charging emissions. No form was
developed on which to note this phenomenon. However, visible emissions
observers observing charging were asked to make such notations, when
larry car misalignment occurred.
Charge Port Openings
Charge ports partially blocked with carbon or any other material
buildup can interfere with the continuous flow of coal into the oven, a

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condition necessary for successful stage charging. The topside inspector
used the oven port carbon form [ Figure 8] with which to diagram material
buildup in the oven ports after the oven was pushed.
Gas Passage
Proper volumetric distribution of coal introduced into the oven
ensures that sufficient space will remain above the coal to expedite
removal of evolved gases. To accomplish this, Fairfield officials
report that the coal volume distribution between larry car hoppers was
designed to provide a 30.5-cm (12-in) free space in the oven after
leveling for gas exit. To obtain these volumes required installation of
apro’n hoods and modifications to enlarge the outside hoppers. Each
hopper was provided with an adjustable apron (inverted cone) to control
the angle of repose of the coal in the hopper as it is loaded from the
bunker. This ciinimizes volume fluctuations due to changes in flow
characterisitics. Since experience indicated that the angle of repose
never exceeded 45ฐ, the aprons were set at this angle. These aprons
extend from the base of the individual stationary sleeves to the perimeter
of the hoppers. The resultant hopper volumes as a percent of oven volume
are as follows:
Hopper #1 31%
Hopper #2 12%
Hopper #3 25%
Hopper #4 32%
These hopper percentages will vary with changes in coal flow properties
due to the resultant coal volume change. As moisture, size distribution
and hence bulk density change, the peak height of the coal as it drops
into the oven changes. Since the clearance above the peak of the coal
in the oven is of prime importance, the coal volumes are adjusted by
changing the height of the apron on a regular basis by supervisory
personnel to compensate for these major changes in coal flow properties.

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*
Thirteen sets of peak and channel height measurements were made
during the inspection. In most cases, larry car coal volume hopper
settings were revised after peak and channel height measurements and
were observed and recorded by the larry car inspector [ Figure 9]. When
the coal volume hopper settings were revised, the team leader requested
the Company contact to make another peak and channel height measurement
as soon as possible.
Roof carbon buildup can effectively reduce the channel height if it
is thick enough. Both the coke side door machine and pusher side door
or pusher machine inspector used the coke oven condition form [ Figure 10]
to diagram location and extent of roof carbon buildup.
Since batteries 5 and 6 at Fairfield have a single gas collector
main, a second gas exit on the other side (o fside) from the standpipe
was provided to allow gas passage by an alternate route. This second
exit was provided over two paths. This was done by installing on the
larry car a smokepipe, and a jumper pipe to a companion, or jumper oven.
The smokepipe runs the width of the larry car and connects the pusher
side and coke side charging ports. An extension was added to the smoke-
pipe, away from the larry car, so that it provides a jumper from the
fourth charging port of the oven being charged to the corresponding
charging port of the oven two away.
The smokepipe is a 30.5 cm (12 in) diameter pipe connecting the
first and fourth boot assemblies on the larry car. The boot castings
are designed so that there is air space around the path of coal dis-
charge. This provides an exit for gases into the smokepipe. Suction
through this pipe is provided by the aspiration on the oven being charged.
* Peak and channel heights are defined as the distances between the top
of the coal and the roof of the oven before (for peak) and after (for
channel) leveling. They are measured by placing a measuring rod
into the charge ports.

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Gas movement is from the oven, up through the offside charging hole and
boot casting, into the smokepipe, across and down through the standpipe
side charging hole, through the standpipe, and into the gas collector
ma i n.
The jumper pipe, or fifth boot as it is called, permits the aspira—
tion of the jumper oven, which is nearly at the end of its coking cycle,
to be used during charging to provide suction and an additional gas
exit. The path of gas movement is from the oven being charged, up
through the fourth charging port and boot casting, into the jumper pipe,
down and through the jumper oven, and up through the standpipe on the
1
jumper oven and into the gas collector main.
Gooseneck and Standpipe Openings
The passageway through the goosenecks and standpipes must be kept
clear to obtain maximum aspiration from the ovens. Figure 11 shows the
effect of reducing the gooseneck area on gas flow from the oven. As an
example, a 3.8-cm buildup of carbon around the inside perimeter of a 33-
cm diameter gooseneck reduces the area by 41% and the aspiration by 25%
2
[ Figure 11 ].
During the survey, all standpipes and goosenecks were inspected by
the larry car inspectors with the aid of a mirror. The Company gooseneck
cleaning procedure calls for machine cleaning with the reamer by the
larry car oprator in his assigned area (one-third of the battery 1 s
ovens). The larry car operator manually cleaned the remaining goosenecks
during his shift with a chisel-headed steel bar. The larry car inspector
noted on the larry car inspector form [ Figure 9] whether the goosenecks
were manually or machine cleaned and whether the standpipes were cleaned;
he also diagrammed the gooseneck and standpipe carbon buildup remaining
after cleaning. Finally, the larry car inspector noted the time any
standpipe cap was sealed or resealed with luting material on the standpipe

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sealing form [ Figure 12]. Sandpipe sealing not only assures maximum
effectiveness of steam aspiration during charging, but also minimizes
the possibility of standpipe cap leaks.
Charge Sequence
Stage charging requires controlled flow of coal into the oven to
allow the gas evolved to be evacuated effectively. Therefore, strict
operating and cleaning practices must be followed to minimize charging
emissions. The typical steps of the stage charging operation at the
Fairfield Works are as follows:
Step 1 . The larry car is loaded at the coal bunker with the con-
trolled volume in each hopper and then travels to the oven to be charged.
The operator performs the required standpipe gooseneck cleaning and
inspection. A mechanical gooseneck cleaner is used at times to cut hard
carbon from the gooseneck opening. As the next oven is being pushed,
the larryman spots the larry car on the oven to be charged and lowers
the boot sleeves over the open charge ports. The lidman turns steam on
and places the oven on the main. He then turns steam on the jumper oven
and removes the offside lid from this oven. The larryman lowers the
fifth boot into place securely onto the battery top.
Step 2 . The hoppers are then discharged in the order 1 , 4, 2, 3.
The #1 hopper is started first, then #4 hopper is started. Hopper #4
can reportedly be started prior to #1 hopper running clear without
significant interaction of coal within the oven. However, these two
hoppers will be emptied completely before the next hopper is discharged.
Each slide gate is closed immediately after the coal clears the hopper
to seal the hopper discharge opening and prevent a decrease in aspiration.
Boot sleeves are not raised until all hoppers are emptied to keep the
smokepipe suction path open.

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Step 3 . Hopper #2 is then independently discharged. Since the
volume is small, the coal peak should not block the free space at the
oven roof.
Step 4 . The #3 hopper is then discharged. After the coal stops
running, sufficient coal reportedly remains within the hopper to assure
a level charge after the leveling operation. At this time, the channel
space is blocked at the same point as it will be each charge. The only
exit for the gas on the offside of the blockage is up and out through
the smokepipe and jumper pipe. The chuck door is then opened and the
leveler bar levels the remainder of the coal from the #3 hopper. Once
the #3 hopper is emptied, the charge is leveled, the leveler bar is
removed, the chuck door is closed, the lidman raises the boot sleeves
one at a time, beginring from the standpipe and working outward. Each
lid is pushed into place on the charge port as the individual boot
sleeve is raised. The fifth boot is then raised and its lid pushed into
place. The larry car leaves the oven, excess coal is swept up, and the
lids are securely replaced and luted. Then the aspiration steam is
1 *
turned off. The average charge time during the survey for battery 5
was about 5 mm 55 sec. whereas for battery 6 it was about 5 mm 30 sec.
The sequence for each charge was always monitored by the larry car
inspector [ Figure 9]. For a few days, there was an extra larry car
inspector whose responsibility was to time the individual unit operations
as described in the charging time study form [ Figure 13].
Chuck Door and Lid Operations
The time the chuck door is open, prior to the entry of the leveling
bar and after the leveling bar is withdrawn, should be kept to a minimum
to prevent the introduction of air into the oven and the resultant loss
Charge time is defined as the length of time between when coal
begins to flow into an oven to when the last lid is pushed into
place.

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of steam aspiration effectiveness. Those times the chuck door was open,
prior to the entry of the leveling bar, were documented by the pusher
machine inspector on the pusher machine inspector form [ Figure 14] while
charging emissions were being observed.
Lids should be replaced on open charge ports once the drop sleeves
are raised following the charge period to minimize the introduction of
air into the oven and the escape of emissions from the oven. The sequence
for replacement of lids at the Fairfield Works was #1 through #4 consecutively
and finally the jumper pipe charge port (#4 lid two ovens away). As the
larry car returned to the coal bunker, the lidmari swept excess coal into
the nearest charge port and reseated and luted the lids before turning
off the aspiration steam. The topside inspector documented the time
each or all lids were luted or reluted on the oven port sealing form
[ Figure 15]. In addition, he also recorded the elapsed time of the
charge period in the second column of the form.
Coal Sconpie Collection and Analysis
As stated previously, coal moisture, grind distribution, and hence
bulk density affect the coal angle of repose and the peak height of the
coal as it enters an oven. In general, if the bulk density of the
charged coal is low, the potential for charging emissions increases.
Each day the larry car inspector collected three separate samples
of coal from the larry car hoppers and recorded the pertinent informa-
tion on the coal sample collection form [ Figure 16]. One sample was
collected as a spot sample, i.e. small amounts of coal were taken from
the four larry car hoppers only once during the turn (shift). The other
two samples were collected as composite samples, i.e. small amounts of
coal were taken from the four larry car hoppers several times during the
shift. One of the two composite samples was then given to the Company
for analysis for the parameters contained in the Company coal! coke/tar

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analysis form [ Figure 17]. The other two samples were analyzed by the
EPA laboratory at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina for the same
parameters. The Company continued to analyze the routine composite
sample it obtains at various times during the entire day (all three
turns) from the belt which transfers coal from storage to the coal
bunker servicing batteries 5 and 6.
Aspiration Steam Pressure
Sufficient aspiration steam pressure at the oven is necessary to
evacuate air and evolved gas from the oven during charging. Insuffi-
cient aspiration steam pressure can be due to low header pressure,
excessive pressure drop in the lines, blocked or partially blocked
nozzles, and/or improperly sized nozzles or header pipes.
At Fairfield, steam pressure was measured at three locations each
for batteries 5 and 6 and recorded at one of the three locations each.
Steam header pressure was measured by a gauge and recorded on a
circular chart downstream of the regulator. These gauges for batteries
5 and 6 are located between the reversing room and the battery pinion
wall at the bench level.
The other two locations for steam pressure gauges were in the steam
line on the upstream side of oven 1 and on the downstream side of oven
85. Static (between charges) and dynamic (during charging) pressures at
these two locations were recorded during charging observations by the
larry car and topside inspectors, and in some cases, the team leader on
the steam data form [ Figure 18]. In addition, the team leader initialed
the circular chart and recorded the steam header pressure at least once
each day on the same form.

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According to the Company, all steam gauges were calibrated and the
upstream and downstream gauges were installed just prior to the survey.
The steam nozzles were reported to be constructed of standard grade
steel pipe with an inside diameter of 1.4 cm (9/16 in); no data was
requested as to the size of the steam header pipes, although they
appeared to be about 5 cm (2 in) inside diameter.
2
One study shows that 3.7 m (12 ft) ovens require about 48 std
m 3 /min (1,700 scfm) aspiration capacity to assure a smokeless charging
operation. According to Figure 19 , a steam nozzle pressure of at least
5.6 kg/cm 2 (80 psig) would be required at the gooseneck of the oven
being charged and of the oven on which the jumper pipe (fifth boot) is
placed in order to assure an aspiration capacity of 48 std m 3 /min (1,700
scfm).
Standpipe and gooseneck geometry and location of steam nozzles can
also affect the aspiration capacity.
Doors
Door Design
As discussed previously, the ovens on batteries 5, 6, and 9 at
Fairfield Works are equipped with self-sealing doors. The doors on
batteries 5 and 6 are screw-latch and those on battery 9 are cam-latch.
At all three bateries the chuck door is separate from the pusher side
door.
The most unique design feature of doors at Fairfield Works is the
knife edges. These knife edges are constructed from structural steel
channel shapes. The channels are cut in half to form two “L’ shaped
pieces. A piece is then welded to the door and the angle leg forms the

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22
knife edge and gas channel. Fairfield personnel favor the structural
steel to sprung steel used at other facilities; they believe the structural
steel fabricated shape is much more resistant to damage and deformation,
hence would form a better seal over a longer time period. The doors are
equipped with a series of adjustment bolts which can be used to adjust
small gaps in the knife edge. This differs from the spring and plunger
arrangement that is normally employed on doors with spring steel knife
edges.
Door Damage
Both the coke side door and pusher side door inspector used the
door process list [ Figure 20] on which to record the condition of the
door on removal. The condition of a door, especially the knife edge and
gas channel, is a factor important in controlling door leaks. The
inspectors were asked to record whether the knife edge and/or refractory
were damaged, i.e. were there cracks, deformations, missing sections,
etc., whether the gas channel contained carbon or heavy tar (not light
tar) deposits, and whether the door was replaced with a fresh door. The
door was visually divided into six sections, as shown in Figure 20 and
the inspector recorded damage/no damage/carbon deposits data by section.
Door Cleaning
Adequate door cleaning prior to each coking cycle is necessary to
reduce door leaks. The door knife edge and jamb need to be reasonably
clean to allow the door to fit well for sealing. It is generally
believed that all carbon deposits should be removed, but light (less
viscous) tarry substances probably promote faster door sealing. All
carbon and heavy tar should be removed from the gas channel to allow
gases evolved at the bottom of the oven pass to the top and out the
standpipe and gooseneck into the collector main. Gas pressures as high

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23
as 710 mm of water can be present in the gas channel at the bottom of an
oven shortly after charging. Any restrictions in the gas channel can
therefore contribute to door leaks.
The door machine operators and their helpers at Fairfield Works
cleaned every door and jamb as a normal practice. They always used long
and short chipping bars with chisel heads on doors and jambs and
mechanical “pogo sticks” (pneumatic chisels) on the doors at the dis-
cretion of the operator. In most cases, all sections of the door and
jamb were cleaned. Seldom were the knife edges cleaned, as Fairfield
supervisory personnel believe that the benefits of any tar, whether
light or heavy on the knife edge exceed the risk in removing the tar and
the potential for knife edge damage.
Both the coke side door machine and the pusher side door machine
inspectors, and in some cases the pusher machine inspector, recorded the
extent of door and jamb cleaning and the extent of deposits remaining
using Figure 20. The pusher side door machine inspector also recorded
similar information for the chuck door, although treating it as one
section instead of six. Where the inspector could observe either door
or jamb cleaning, but not both, door cleaning and condition of the jamb
before the door was replaced were observed.
Spare Door Availability
At least twice each day the team leader checked the spare door
racks at the ends of each of the three batteries. The inspector re-
corded the time of the observation and number of spare pusher side and
coke side doors on the spare door form [ Figure 21]. No attempt was made
to ascertain the number of doors available at the central repair station
located elsewhere in the plant since these doors were not considered
readily available to replace a damaged door at the batteries. The

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24
number of available spare doors required per battery is determined from
operating experience, but 1 to 2 spare doors could be considered normal.
Collector Main Pressure
During coking, an oven is kept under a slight positive
pressure to prevent air from entering. Since this pressure
than atmospheric, there is a potential for the oven to leak
opening. The magnitude of leakage is directly proportional
pressure and number and size of openings. Therefore, for a
increase pressure would increase emissions.
(back)
is higher
at any
to the oven
given opening,
Sealing Times
Following the replacement of doors and the charging of that oven, a
door will leak for a period of time because the pressures inside the
oven are at a maximum, the askania valve which controls the collector
main pressure does not reach equilibrium instantaneously, and the knife
edge/jamb sealing edges, where the mating is not flush, have not filled
with tar. The topside inspector recorded the time of charge completion;
that time combined with the door visible emissions data give one an idea
of door sealing time.
psides (Lids and Standpipes )
Physical Condition
Battery charge port lids, charge port castings, and standpipes in
poor structural condition due to warping, cracking, holes, etc. con-
tribute to topside leaks. Inspection of the battery topsides at Fair-
field Works did not indicate that the structural condition was a problem.

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25
Some standpipe base, flange, and saddle leaks were observed, as will be
discussed in Section V. At Fairfield structural leaks on standpipes,
for the most part, were dealt with promptly by a patcher. Charge port
castings which tilted enough to impede a seal with the larry car drop
sleeve were taken up and relaid by brick masons.
Luting Practices and Sealing Times
Fairfield Works uses a sealin mud which consists of a mixture of
40% hydrated lime and 60% powdered fire clay. This mixture is mixed
with water to form a slurry, herein referred to as luting material.
Luting lids and standpipe caps ha been shown to greatly reduce the
number and extent of leaks from these sources. At Fairfield the larry
car operator lutes each standpipe cap prior to charging the oven. All
charge port lids are luted immediately after the charge and cleanup
periods. Aspiration steam is left on until luting of the lids is com-
pleted. Standpipe caps and lids are reluted when leaks are observed and
as time permits.
As discussed previously, luting practices of the larry car operator
were observed by the larry car inspector and those of the lidmen were
observed by the topside inspector. The topside inspector also recorded
the time of charge completions; that time combined with the topside
visible emissions data give one an idea of standpipe cap and charge port
lid sealing times.
Collector Main Pressure
The effect of collector main pressure on standpipe and lid leaks,
and the results of the collector main pressures observed at Fairfield
were discussed in the section entitled Doors.

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26
Pushing
Coking Times
Coking time is a function of the coal mixture, moisture content of
the coal, rate of underfiring (oven temperatures), the desired properties
of the coke, and, in some cases, production schedules. A strong corre-
lation has been demonstrated between coking time and particulate emissions
7
during pushing. The Company was requested to supply daily coking time
data [ Figure 17].
Oven Temperatures
Interrelated with coking time is the temperature of the oven or
heating rate. Within some range, the time required for the distillation
of coal volatiles to be nearly complete decreases as the heating rate
increases, and vice versa. However, a good correlation between oven
heatin flue temperatures and emissions during pushing has not yet been
shown. The Company was requested to supply copies of the Heater Foreman’s
oven wall flue temperature recordings for batteries 5 and 6 at Fairfield.
Offtake Opacity
Just prior to the time an oven is pushed, the standpipe cap is
raised and the lids are removed to begin the decarbonization period. At
Fairfield this is done 2 to 3 ovens ahead of the pusher machine. The
offtake (standpipe) opacity following the raising of the standpipe cap
is an indicator of the severity of ensuing pushing emissions from that
oven; i.e. if the opacity is low, pushing emissions will be low, and
vice versa. The topside inspector used the topside inspector form
[ Figure 22] on which to record the offtake opacity at 15 second intervals
for the first minute after the standpipe cap was raised.

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27
Coke Face Appearance
Coke face appearance, like offtake opacity, is also an indicator of
the extent of pushing emissions. As the door was removed prior to
pushing, the pusher machine inspector, and later in the survey also the
coke side door machine inspector, observed the coke face and recorded
whether it was smoking and/or flaming and to what extent [ Figure 14].
Oven Condition
Cold or dark spots along oven walls indicate something is wrong
with the oven heating system, whether it be a plugged gas nozzle, a dead
flue, etc. Improper heating, thus improper coking of the coal, will
take place in the vicinity of such cold spots. Spalled (pitted) or
broken refractory in the oven walls, especially near the end flues (door
jambs) can also cause improper heating of the coal in its vicinity.
Broken door refractory can reduce insulation of the oven from external
ambient conditions, thus reducing heating effectiveness at the coke
face.
All these conditions were inspected for at Fairfield by the pusher
side and coke side door inspectors. Any dark or cold spots along oven
side walls and/or broken refractory at the door area (jamb) were recorded
on the coke oven condition form [ Figure 10]. Broken door refractory was
noted on the form depicted as Figure 20.
Coke Sanpie Collection and Analysis
Coking time, as previously stated, is a functfon of the desired
coke properties. Therefore coke quality is a measure of the correctness
of the coking time.

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28
The Company routinely collects a composite sample of coke on a
periodic basis over the entire day from both batteries 5 and 6 wharfs.
At EPA’s request, additional coke samples were composited over the B
turn (7 a.m. to 3 p.m. shift) from each wharf and analyzed for the
parameters shown in Figure 17.
VISIBLE EMISSIONS OBSERVATION PROCEDURES
In this subsection, all seven visible emissions observation methods
used in the Fairfield survey are briefly described and the field data
sheets for visible emissions observations are presented. As previously
stated, each visible emissions observation method is completely des-
cribed in Appendix A.
Charging
Two observation methods were used --- Methods A and B --- to read
charging emissions. For Method A the inspectors timed the number of
*
seconds of visible emissions > 20% opacity during the charge and
**
cleanup/seal periods. For Method B the inspectors timed the number of
seconds of any visible emissions during both time periods; Method B is
identical to the proposed Method 12 for charging. For Method A the
inspectors also read the maximum opacity during the charge period. The
Method A inspectors recorded their observations on Figure 23 and the
Method B inspectors recorded their observations on Figure 24.
* The charge period begins when coal is first introduced into an oven
and ends when the last charge port lid is replaced.
The cleanup/seal period begins when the charge period ends and ends
when the last charge port lid is permanently sealed.

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29
Each time charging emissions were observed, three inspectors were
used. All three were positioned about ten ovens away from the larry
car, on the opposite side from the coal bunker, to make their observa-
tions on batteries 5 and 6.
Doors
Method C was the door emissions observation method used at Fair-
field at batteries 5, 6, and 9. The inspector began at either end of
the battery on either the pusher side or coke side and walked along a
line parallel with the battery a comfortable distance outside the pusher
machine or hot car tracks. As the inspector walked, he identified the
leaking doors and made an opacity observation at the lintel. Once the
inspector completed his traverse along one side of the battery he
proceeded to the other side and made a similar traverse. Observations
were recorded on Figure 25.
Topsides (Lids and Standpipes )
Topsides inspectors during the Fairfield survey used 1ethod H as
the observation method on batteries 5 and 6 to read standpipe and lid
leaks. Method H is, with some exceptions, identical to the proposed
Method 12 for topsides. The inspector began at either end of the battery
and walked along a line between the #2 and #3 charge port lids. In one
direction lid leaks, and in the opposite direction standpipe leaks, were
read. The inspector usually read standpipe leaks in the direction where
the sun was at his back. Observations were recorded on Figure 26.

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30
Pushing
Three observation methods were used --- Methods D, E, and F --- to
read pushing emissions at batteries 5 and 6 during the Fairfield survey.
For each method the inspector was located on the coke side of the battery
outside the hot car tracks in order to obtain a clear view. For Method D,
the inspector timed the number of seconds of visible emissions > 20%
*
during the push cycle. For Method E, the inspector timed the number of
seconds of visible emissions > 60% during the push cycle. For Method F,
the inspector made a Method 9-like observation of opacity each 15 seconds.
For Methods D and E, the inspectors also read the maximum opacity from
the time the coke in the oven began to move toward the hot car to the
time all the coke was in the hot car. The Method D, E, and F inspectors
recorded their observations on Figures 27, 28 and 29, respectively.
‘ The push cycle begins when the coke side door is removed and ends
when the quench occurs.

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V. SURVEY RESULTS
PROCESS OBSERVATION DATA
One-half of the personnel participating in the Fairfield survey
collected process data. The reason for gathering these data was dis-
cussed in Section IV. The results of process parameter data gathering
and the merits of the effort are discussed in this subsection; unless
otherwise discussed, the gathering of the data in further coke battery
surveys is considered important for the reasons discussed in Section IV.
General Process Observations
The personnel activities form [ Figure 3] was completed differently,
by each process observer, thus the data were of little use for comparative
purposes. The most relevant parameter (crew size) can be obtained more
easily by the team leader contacting the Company each morning and re-
viewing the list during the day as he makes his rounds. To obtain
cause/effect relationships (e.g., millwright adjusts door at a specific
time and door stops leaking within a stated period of time thereafter),
this form would need to be more specific (e.g., checklist) for each
process observer.
The chart recordings form [ Figure 4] served as a daily checklist
for the team leader as he initialed and noted time and date on the
pertinent charts. The utility of individual chart data are discussed
later in this report.

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32
Combustion data [ Figures 5 and 6] were gathered solely for use by
an EPA contractor who was investigating combustion stack emissions for
DSSE. Their utility is unknown.
Charging Process Observations
Larry Car Alignment
As mentioned previously, no form was developed on which to note
when the drop sleeves on the larry car misaligned with the charge ports.
Few misalignments were observed by the visible emissions observers.
However, the absence of misalignment observations does not indicate that
during all other charges the larry car drop sleeves were properly
aligned. Since this parameter (larry car alignment), could be of sig-
nificant importance to smokeless chargin’j, effort should be made to
document, perhaps on the charging visible emissions observation forms,
that proper larry car alignment occurred prior to the initiation of a
charge.
Charge Port Openings
These data [ Figure 8] proved difficult to interpret; a diagram of
the material buildup drawn by the topside inspector did not provide
objective data. In general, refractory material buildup was oberved in
most charge ports, but no carbon buildup was seen in any charge ports.
From all the diagrams of charge port blockage made during the Fairfield
survey, the area of all charge port openings was estimated to be at
least 80% open. Another technique should be developed to measure charge
port blockage or openings, and parameters measured similarly if more
definitive information is required.

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33
Gas Passage
Peak and channel height measurements are a generally accepted tech-
nique with which to “photograph” the coal as it resides in an oven.
*
Thirteen sets of peak and channel height measurements were made during
the inspection [ Table 1].
The larry car inspector attempted to record larry car hopper
settings [ Figure 9]. However, only the number of notches on the apron
control turn-screw showing above the connecting rod could be recorded.
A different measurement may be necessary on other larry cars because of
the mechanical configuration of the car itself. In addition, the re-
sultant peak heights following charging, are true indicators of the gas
passage situation. The surrogate measures of hopper volume settings are
unnecessary to record; the inspector is interested in whether the settings
were changed in order to request a peak height measurement.
Roof carbon diagrams [ Figure 10], for the identical reasons dis-
cussed for charge port openings, were difficult to interpret. However,
no significant roof carbon buildup > 20% of the design channel space
blocked was observed.
Gooseneck and Standpipe Openings
Data gathered on the cleaning of goosenecks and standpipes prior to
each charge [ Figure 9], documents Company operating practice, but provides
little in the analysis of individual charges. However, the diagrams
drawn to show the extent of carbon buildup in goosenecks and standpipes
following cleaning were difficult to interpret. The data show that all
standpipes and goosenecks were free of significant carbon buildup; i.e.,
all had at least 80% of the cross-sectional area open.

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34
Charge Sequence
Charge sequence data [ Figure 9] in all cases demonstrated that the
Fairfield operators performed the charge sequence established by the
Company. However, the time varied by which the larry car operator
accomplished specific unit operations. The results of the days in which
time of larry car operations were conducted are contained in Table 2.
These data are of little known value in analyzing individual charges,
but are useful in comparing Fairfield charging operations with similar
operations at other coke plants.
Chuck Door and Lid Operations
The pusher machine inspector records [ Figure 14] showed that the
time the chuck door was open, prior to the entry of the leveling bar,
averaged 10 seconds for battery 5 and 17 seconds for battery 6 during
*
the survey. Since a smoke boot is not used at Fairfield, these times
should be used with care in any data interpretation. In order to
measure the usefulness of this parameter, time-synchronized, simultaneous
measurement of charging emissions should be made.
In every case, charge port lids were replaced once the drop sleeves
of the larry car were raised. Following sweeping up excess coal, all
lids were resealed and luted prior to the aspiration steam being turned
off.
‘ Since a leveling bar does not fill the chuck door opening during
leveling, emissions may evolve to the atmosphere and unnecessary
loss of oven aspiration occurs. A smoke boot provides a seal between
the leveling bar and the chuck door jamb during the time the leveling
bar is in the oven.

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35
Coal Sconple Analysis
Table 3 contains the analytical results [ Figure 17], of the four
separate coal samples [ Figure 16], gathered daily during the survey.
Aspiration Steam Pressui
In all cases the dynamic steam pressures recorded by either the
topside or larry car inspectors, or team leader, exceeded 5.6 kg/cm 2
(80 psig). However, since these pressures were measured in the steam
supply lines and not as actual nozzle pressures, care should be taken in
drawing conclusions. The strip chart recorded hourly average steam
pressures as measured downstream of the regulators for batteries 5 and
6, are listed in Table 4.
The static and dynamic steam pressures recorded by the larry car
and topside inspectors [ Figure 18], were not reduced and are not pre-
sented in this report. The data were used in analysis of individual
charging visible emissions observations to determine if values were
within the range 6.3 to 8.1 kg/cm 2 (90 to 115 psig).
Door Process Observations
Door Damage
The inspector’s findings for damage/no damage to knife edges and
refractory [ Figure 20], are shown in Figures 30 to 46. These histograms
show the number of doors (ordinate) as a function of the number of
sections of a door damaged (abscissa). In cases where no data were
available, the no data section along the absicissa was used. For
example, on November 30, 1976, twenty-six doors each were inspected

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36
on the pusher side and coke side of Battery 5 [ Figure 30]: thirteen coke
side doors had no refractory damage; four had refractory damage to just
one section of the door; two had refractory damage to two sections;
three had refractory damage to three sections; three had refractory
damage over the entire door (six sections); and, for one door there was
no data.
Door Cleaning
The inspector’s findings [ Figure 20], are shown in Figures 47 to
80. These histograms show, first for the pusher side, and then for the
coke side, the number of doors (ordinate) as a function of the number of
sections of a door or jamb cleaned, whether a section needed it or not,
and also the number of sections of a door or jamb with deposits remaining,
whether cleaned or not. In cases where no data were available, the no
data section along the abscissa was used. These figures are interpreted
in the same manner as the door damage histograms discussed above.
Spare Door Availability
Usually there were 0 to 2 readily available spare doors per side
per operating unit at Fairfield [ Figure 21].
Collector Main Pressure
Table 5, developed from Company-supplied circular recorder charts,
lists the average hourly collector main pressures for each day of the
survey for batteries 5, 6, and 9. At no time did these pressures exceed
12 mm of water except instantaneously.

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37
Sealing Times
In the Visible Emissions Observation Data subsection of this
section, the results of door emissions observations are presented.
In the graphical displays of these observations [ Figures 81 to 116], the
charge completion time is plotted so that the reader can make an empirical
assessment of door sealing times.
Topside Process Observations
Luting Practices and Sealing Times
In the Visible Emissions Observation Data subsection of this se:tion,
the results of the topside emissions observations are presented. In
the graphical displays of these observations [ Figures 117 to 136], the
standpipe cap luting or reluting [ Figure 12], charge port lid luting or
reluting [ Figure 15], and charge completion time are plotted. From the
charge completion time the reader can make an empirical assessment of
standpipe cap and charge port lid sealing times.
Collector Main Pressure
As discussed above, Table 5 summarizes average hourly collector
main pressures for each day of the Fairfield survey.
Pushing Process Observations
Coking Times
Net coking times (the time lapse between the time of charging and
pushing an oven), were supplied by Fairfield Works personnel [ Figure 17],

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38
for each oven pushed during turn B for batteries 5 and 6 each day of the
survey. These daily average net coking times for batteries 5 and 6 are
presented in Table 6.
Oven Tenrperatures
Average oven wall flue temperatures for the pusher sides and coke
sides of batteries 5 and 6 at Fairfield are shown in Figure 137.
Offtake Opacitij
The results of the topside inspector’s observations of offtake
opacity [ Figure 22] are presented in Table 7.
Coke Face Appearance and Oven Conditions
The results of the inspector’s observations of coke face appearance
and oven conditions [ Figure 10], are also presented in Table 7. The
utility of these data can only be measured by determining a correlation
between them and the pushing emissions observations. However, the ability
of an inspector, without considerable experience, to objectively
determine the existence and extent of a smoking and/or flaming coke face
and to identify oven cold spots is questionable. The diagrams drawn
by the inspectors were only used to determine the existence of the
phenomena, not the location, as was originally intended.
Coke Scznrple Analysis
The results of the Company’s coke sample analyses [ Figure 17], are
contained in Table 6.

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39
for each oven pushed during turn B for batteries 5 and 6 each day of the
survey. These daily average net coking times for batteries 5 and 6 are
presented in Table 6.
Oven Temperatures
Average oven wall flue temperatures for the pusher sides and coke
sides of batteries 5 and 6 at Fairfield are shown in Figure 137.
Offtake Opacity
The results of the topside inspector’s observations of offtake
opacity [ Figi re 22] are presented in Table 7.
Coke Face Appearance and Oven Conditions -
The results of the inspector’s observations of coke face appearance
and oven conditions
[ Figure 10], are also presented in Table 7. The utility of these data
can only be measured by determining a correlation between them and the
pushing emissions observations. However, the ability of an inspector,
without considerable experience, to objectively determine the existence
and extent of a smoking and/or flaming coke face and to identify oven
cold spots is questionable. The diagrams drawn by the inspectors were
only used to determine the existence of the phenomena, not the location,
as was originally intended.
Coke Sample Analysis
The results of the Company’s coke sample analyses [ Figure 17], are
contained in Table 6.

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40
VISIBLE EMISSIONS OBSERVATION DATA
The data from the visible emissions observations made during the
Fairfield survey are presented in Tables 8 through 18, as follows:
Table 8. Method A-Charging Emissions Data
Table 9. Method B-Charging Emissions Data
Table 10. Topside Emissions Data
Table 12. Pushing Emissions Data
In addition, door leak data, along with charge times and leak identifi-
cation, are presented in Figures 81 and 116. Topside leak data, including
leak identification, luting infornation, and charge times, are presented
in Figures 117 to 136.
The acquisition of charging visible emissions data at batteries 5
and 6 fulfilled the second and partially fulfilled the fifth survey
objectives; new source performance development and corroborative study,
respectively. The results of the corroborative study are not included
in this report, but rather are included in the report entitled “Coke
Battery Visible Emissions Observation Corroboration, Bethlehem Steel
Corporation, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (September 1976), and United States
Steel Corporation, Fairfield, Alabama (December 1976).” The third and
fourth objectives of the Fairfield survey were fulfilled by the acquisi-
tion of door leak, pushing and topside leak data at batteries 5 and 6,
and door leak data at battery 9.
Of particular interest as a result of the Fairfield survey was a
review of the Method B charging data. Representatives of DSSE, OAQPS,
EPA Region III, and the NEIC met in Denver the week of April 4, 1977 to,
among other things, review the 1ethod B data set to determine whether
best available control technology (BACT) was employed for each charge.

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41
All the applicable process data were analyzed and the visible emission
observers’ comments were reviewed. The parameters used in the analyses
were as follows:
1. Whether charge ports were at least 80% open.
2. Whether blockage by roof carbon was <20% of the theoretical
tunnel head (channel space).
10. Whether the #2 and #3 hoppers were dropped individually.
11. Whether the slide gates were closed after each hopper was
empty.
12. Whether the length of time the chuck door was open, prior to
the time the leveling bar entered the oven, was + 20% of the
average time.
13. Whether the charge time was between 4 to 6 minutes.
14. Whether the ynamic (during charging) steam pressure was 6.3
to 8.1 kg/cm (90 to 115 psig).
15. Visible emissions observer did not identify a process problem
(e.g. larry car alignment) in his comments on the data sheet.
At the completion of the analyses there was only a small data set
for which all the above information was available and/or which met the
established criteria. However, it was determined that it was not suf-
ficient to identify a charging observation as “non—B1\CT” for any one of
the above parameters, except two; if the jumper pipe was not used or if
a visible emissions observer identified a process problem. It was also
agreed that no one could really identify, at present, which combination(s)
of the above parameters might also make a charge non-BACT. Therefore,
3. Whether
opening,
4. Whether
5. Whether
6. Whether
7. Whether
8. Whether
9. Whether
prior to
the standpipe area, at least around the top of the
had been cleaned.
the gooseneck had been cleaned.
the standpipes were at least 80% open.
the goosenecks were at least 80% open.
the jumper pipe was used.
aspiration steam had been turned on.
the #1 and #4 larry car coal hoppers were dropped
the other two.

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42
the resultant data set, removing the non-BACT charges for either of the
two aforementioned criteria, is termed “Not Unacceptable.” These data
are presented in Table 13.

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43
REFERENCES
1. Clark, F. M., “Stage Charging on a Single Collection Main Battery:
A Total System Concept,” publication and data unknown, 11 pgs.
2. Munson, J. G., et al, “Emission Control in Coking Operations by Use
of Stage Charging,” Journal of Air Pollution Control Association,
24 (Nov. 1974), 1059-1062.
3. Coal, Coke, and Coal Chemicals, Wilson and Wells, McGraw Hill,
1951.
4. Dion, J. A. and Brooman, D.L., “Trip Report - U.S. Steel, Fairfield,
Alabama, Coke Works,” memorandum, July 22, 1976.
5. Federal Register, 41 (Oct. 22, 1976), 46765-46767.
6. Seals, Lownie, et al, Battelle Columbus Labs, Ohio, “Study of
Concepts for Minimizing Emissions from Coke Oven Door Seals,”
EPA-65O/2—75-064, July 1975.
7. Clayton Environmental Consultants, Inc., Draft Report: “Study of
Coke-Side Oven Emissions,” EPA Contract No. 68-02-1408,
Task No. 14, Volume 1, January 16, 1976.

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APPENDICES
Appendix A:
Appendix B:
Appendix C:
Appendix D:
Visible Emission Observation Methods
Daily Activities and Process Observer Requirements
El gures
Tables

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Appendix A
Visible Emissions Observation Methods

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A-i
METHOD A
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 20%
OPACITY DURING CHARGING
PRINCIPLE
The visible emissions equal to or greater than 20% opacity emitted
from the charging system and oven ports are timed by an observer located on
the topside of the battery. In addition, the maximum opacity observed
during the charge period is recorded.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Charging System - any apparatus used to introduce coal into a
coke oven (e.g., a larry car).
(b) Charge Period - the period of time commencing when coal starts
to enter the oven and ending when the last charge port lid is replaced.
(c) Clean-up/Seal Period - the period of time commencing when the
charge period ends and ending when the last charge port lid is either dry-
or wet-sealed whichever is later. This period includes reopening the
lids and sweeping spilled coal into the oven.
(d) Opacity - the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission
of light and obscure the view of an object in the background.

-------
A-2
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer stands on the topside of the battery
such that a good view of all charge ports of the oven being charged and
the charging system is possible. A position in the center of the battery
at a distance of 10 to 15 ovens from the oven being charged is recommended.
However, the observer may move from side to side, going from pushside to
cokeside and back again; standing in a single spot is not required. If
multiple observers are recording the same emissions, the observers should
be positioned as closely to each other as feasible; i.e., a situation where
oven 42 is being charged and one observer is positioned at oven 32 and one
observer is positioned at oven 52, with the larry car between them, is not
acceptable. Observer position is recorded on the data sheet.
(b) Observations - During the charge period the observer watches all
the potential emission sources. For larry car charging the observer watches
the entire charging system, including the larry car hoppers, and the charge
ports. Upon observing any visible emission with an opacity equal to or
greater than 20% opacity, as determined against any contrasting background,
an accumulative stopwatch is started. The watch is stopped when the visible
emission goes below 20% and is restarted when a visible emission equal to
or greater than 20% reappears. The observer continues this procedure for
the entire period. Visible emissions equal to or greater than 20% may
occur simultaneously from several points; e.g., from around all drop
sleeves at the same time. In such a case the visible emissions are timed
collectively, not independently. Also visible emissions equal to or greater
than 20% may start from one source immediately after another source stops.
These are timed as one continuous visible emission equal to or greater
than 20%. The time recorded on the data sheet at the end of the charge
period is the total time on the stopwatch for that period. In addition
to the above, the observer also mentally notes the densest opacity occuring
during the charge period and at the end of the period records on the data
sheet the maximum opacity observed,

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A-3
During some inspections, emissions during the clean-up/seal period
may also be required. Using a second accumulative stopwatch, the inspector
records the total emissions equal to or greater than 20% opacity during
this period, in a manner identical to that used for the charge period.
The following visible emissions are not timed:
(1) Steam vapor;
(2) Visible emissions from burning coal spilled on top of the oven
or oven lid;
(3) Visible emissions emitted from any equipment other than the
charging system or oven ports. Standpipe emissions should not be timed
during these periods;
(4) Visible emissions from coke oven doors which may rise above
the battery and which may be windblown across its topside; or
(5) Visible emissions that drift from the top of a larry car hopper,
but have already been timed as a visible emission from the drop sleeve
below the hopper.
Three stations will probably be encountered:
1. Non-mechanical lifters; lidman. By definition, the charge
period ends when the lidman slips the last lid onto the oven port (whether
or not the lid is properly or totally sealed). The clean-up/seal period
begins at this point and continues until the lids are either dry- or wet-
sealed, whichever is later. It is conceivable, if wet-sealing is not used,
that no clean—up/seal period will exist.
2. Mechanical lifters; wet-sealing. In this case, the charge
period ends when the last lid is replaced mechanically by the larry car.

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A-4
The seal period begins at this point and ends when the last lid is
wet-sealed.
3. Mechanical lifters; no wet-sealing. In this case, the charge
period ends when the larry car mechanically replaces the last lid. More
than likely, there will be no clean-up/seal period in this situation. However,
if a lidman is present to reopen the lids and sweep spilled coal into the
oven, or reseal the lids which are not properly replaced, the emissions
equal to or greater than 20% opacity during this period are timed as
clean-up emissions.

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METHOD A
A-5
CHARGING OBSERVATIONS
Company —
Location
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
Background —
Battery/Oven___________
Time of Charge: Start_
End
/
Indicate sun position, observation
position, and wind direction:
Comments:
Mark dominant emission points:
Batte ry/Overi
Time of Charge:
Start
End
/
Indicate sun position, observation
position, and wind direction:
Battery/Oven I
Time of Charge: Start____________
End______________
Indicate SUI1 position, observation
position, and wind direction:
T1me 20% (seconds)
Opacity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
Maximum opacity
Time 2O% (seccnds)
Ooacity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
Maximum opacity
Comments:
Mark dominant emission points:
Comments:
Mark dominant emission points:
F ( ( Dfi
I } ) )
T1me 20% (seconds)
Opacity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
Maximum opacity
GPO 840-870

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A- 6
METHOD B
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING ANY VISIBLE EMISSIONS DURING CHARGING
PRINCIPLE
Any visible emissions emitted from the charging system and oven ports
are timed by an observer located on the topside of the battery.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Charging System - any apparatus usec’ to introduce coal into a
coke oven (e.g., a larry car).
(b) Charge Period - the period of time commencing when coal starts
to enter the oven and ending when the last charge port lid is replaced.
(c) Clean-up/Seal Period - the period of time commencing when the
charge period ends and ending when the last charge port lid is either dry-
or wet-sealed whichever is later. This period includes reopening the
lids and sweeping spilled coal into the oven.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer stands on the topside of the battery
such that a good view of all charge ports of the oven being charged and
the charging system is possible. A position in the center of the battery
at a distance of 10 to 15 ovens from the oven being charged is recommended.
However, the observer may move from side to side, going from pushside to
cokeside and back again; standing in a single spot is not required. If

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A- 7
multiple observers are recording the same emissions, the observers should
be positioned as closely to each other as feasible; i.e., a situation where
oven 42 is being charged and one observer is positioned at oven 32 and one
observer is positioned at oven 52, with the larry car between them, is not
acceptable. Observer position is recorded on the data sheet.
(b) Observations - During the charge period the observer watches all
the potential emission sources. For larry car charging the observer
watches the entire charging system, including the larry car hoppers, and
the charge ports. Upon observing any visible emission, an accumulative
stopwatch is started. The watch is stopped when the visible emission
stops and is restarted when a visible emission reappears. The observer
continues this procedure for the entire period. Visible emissions may
occur simultaneously from several points during a charge; e.g., from
around all drop sleeves at the same time. In such a case the visible
emissions are timed collectively, not independently. Also visible
emissions may start from one source immediately after another source
stops. These are timed as one continuous visible emission. The time
recorded on the data sheet at the end of the charge period is the total
time on the stopwatch for that period.
During some inspections, emissions during the clean-up/seal period
may also be required. Using a second accumulative stopwatch, the inspector
records the total visible emissions during this period, in a manner
identical to that used for the charge period.
The following visible emissions are not timed:
(1) Steam vapor;
(2) Visible emissions from burning coal spilled on top of the oven
or oven lid;
(3) Visible emissions emitted from any equipment other than the
charging system or topside ports. Standpipe emissions should not be

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A-8
timed during charging;
(4) Visible emissions emitted from coke oven doors which may rise
above the battery and which may be windblown across its topside; or
(5) Visible emissions that drift from the top of a larry car
hopper, but have already been timed as a visible emission from the drop
sleeve below the hopper.
Three stations will probably be encountered:
1. Non-mechanical lifters; lidman. By definition, the charge
period ends when the lidman slips the last lid onto the oven port (whether
or not the lid is properly or totally sealed). The clean-up/seal period
begins at this point and continues until the lids are either dry- or
wet-sealed, whichever is later. It is conceivable, if wet-sealing is
not used, that no clean-up/seal period will exist.
2. Mechanical lifters; wet-sealing. In this case, the charge
period ends when the last lid is replaced mechanically by the larry car.
The seal period begins at this point and ends when the last lid is wet-
sealed.
3. Mechanical lifters; no wet-sealing. In this case, the charge
period ends when the larry car mechanically replaces the last lid. More
than likely, there will be no clean-up/seal period in this situation.
However, if a lidman is present to reopen the lids and sweep spilled
coal into the oven, or reseal the lids which are not properly replaced,
the emissions during this period are timed as clean-up emissions.

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A-9
METHOD B
CHARGING OBSERVATIONS
Company __________________________
Location ______________________
Company Rep. __________________
Inspector ______________________
[ Indicate sun position, observation
on diagrams.]
Date
Sky Condition ______________
Wind Speed _________________
Ambient Temp. ______________
Background ___________________
Dosition, and wind direction
Cs
B 2 /OM en Total Emissions, Searnds
Time Start Charae erind
Time End Seal Period
PS Total
Cornent:
CS Total Emissions, Seconds
Batt/Oven
Time Start Charae Period
Time End — Seal Period —
Total
Cornent: PS
3att/Oven / CS Total Enissions, Seconds
Time Start Charne Period
Time End Seal Period
Cornent: PS Total
-
CS Total Emissions, Sec.onds
Batt/Oven /
Time Start Tharcie rio
Time End S al er o 1
Cornent: PS Totai• -.
3att/Oven /
Time Start
Time End —
Coment:
Cs
PS
Total Emissions, S’econds
Charoc Period —
Seal Period ______________
Total ____________________
GPO 840— 869 B

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A-i 0
METHOD C
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS FROM COKE OVEN DOORS
PRINCIPLE
The coke oven doors that are leaking are recorded by an observer
making a traverse around the battery. In addition, the opacity at the
lintel of each leaking door is recorded.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Cokeside Doors - those doors on the side of a battery from which
pushed coke empties into the hot car.
(b) Pushside Doors — those doors on the side of a battery where the
pusher machine is lodated. Push side doors usually contain the chuck door.
(c) Chuck Door (or leveler bar door) - a small door on the pushside
which is opened to allow the leveler bar to enter the oven and level coal
during charging.
(d) Jamb Leak - a leak which occurs between the oven brick and the
jamb.
(e) Buckstay Leak - a leak which occurs between the buckstay and
the oven brick.
(f) Lintel - the area from just above the door to the edge of the
top of the battery.

-------
A-li
(g) Traverse - the movement from one end of the battery to the other,
inspecting all ovens in the battery.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The inspector makes his observations of door emissions
during a traverse as close to the battery as safety and visibility conditions
permit, but generally outside of the pusher machine or quench (hot) car
tracks. The inspector may move to a c’oser observation point to determine
the source of an emission.
(b) Observation - The inspector starts the observation with an oven
at either end of the battery and on either the pushside or the cokeside of
the battery. The inspector observes and records any visible emissions from
a door. Visible emissions from the sealing edge around the perimeter of a
door, or, in the case of the pushside, from the door and/or chuck door are
considered as door emissions. Visible emissions from structural leaks,
such a jambs, buckstay or lintel leaks, are not considered as door emissions.
After the inspector has made a visible inspection of the perimeter for door
emissions, a single determination of the opacity of the door emissions is
made at a point above the door, using the battery as a background. This
area is commonly referred to as the lintel.
The inspector then moves to the adjacent door, if possible, and checks
for door emissions in a like manner. The inspector continues this procedure
down the entire length of the battery. If a temporary machine obstruction
occurs blocking the view of a series of ovens, the inspector may bypass
those ovens and continue down the remainder of the battery, returning to
check the bypassed ovens when that side has been completed.
After the inspector has observed the doors on one side of a battery,
he proceeds directly to the opposite side of the battery. He again starts

-------
A-12
at one end of the battery repeating the same procedures as for the previous
side.
A row of two or more continuous batteries is inspected battery by
battery and not, as e.g., all the pushsides and then all the cokesides.

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A-13
METHOD C
DOOR OBSERVATIONS
Company ________________________ Date ______________________________
Location ______________________ Sky Condition ____________________
Company Rep. __________________ Wind Speed _______________________
Inspector _____________________ Ambient Temp. ____________________
Battery ____________ Background ________________________
No. of Ovens [ Indicate sun position, observation
Cs
traverse, and wind direction.]
PSI___________________
TIME: I
ID OF OPACITY
PS or CS
START COMMENTS
OVEN NO
______ ________ _______ EINISH
r
-
1
.
*r)door, C=chuck door, B=both door and chuck door
GPO 840—868

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A-14
METHOD D
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 20%
OPACITY DURING PUSHING
PRINCIPLE
The visible emissions equal to or greater than 20% opacity emitted
during the push cycle are timed by an observer located on the cokeside
of the battery. In addition, the maximum opacity observed during the
coke fall period is record d.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Push Cycle - the period of time commencing when the cokeside
oven door is removed and ending when the coke is quenched. Further, the
push cycle is divided into three periods, as follows:
A B C D
— .
A to B = 1: Period from time door comes off to time start of
ram movement
B to C = 2: Period from time start of ram movement to time all
coke is in hot car
C to D = 3: Period from time all coke is in hot car to time of
quench
(b) Coke Fall Period - the period of time B to C or 2, above.

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A-15
(c) Quench - cooling the red hot coke to a temperature below its
ignition temperature at the quench tower.
(d) Quench Tower - the structure, where the quench is carried out,
normally made of wood or brick and designed to conduct the steam plume
generated during the quench into the atmosphere.
(e) Hot Car - the railroad car into which the coke is pushed; sometimes
called the quench car.
(f) Opacity - the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission
light and obscure the view of an object in the background.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer makes the observation from the cokeside
of the battery, where a clear view of the push can be obtained. In general
a location on the ground, in the cokeside yard, outside the hot car tracks
approximately perpendicular to the observed oven is acceptable. However,
the observer is not restricted to being on the ground level , but may make
the observation from some elevated level. If multiple observers are re-
cording the same emissions, the observers should be positioned as closely
to each other as feasible. Observer position is recorded on the data sheet.
(b) Observations — During the push cycle the observer watches all
the potential emission sources. These include the oven and the hot car.
Upon observing any visible emission with an opacity equal to or greater
than 20% opacity, as determined against any contrasting background, an
accumulative stopwatch is started. The watch is stopped when the visible
emission goes below 20% and is restarted when a visible emission equal to
or greater than 20% reappears. The observer continues this procedure
for the entire push cycle; using either separate stopwatches for each of

-------
A-16
the three periods of the cycle or noting the time for each period and
recording on the data sheet while employing one or two stopwatches. The
time recorded on the data sheet at the end of each period is the total
time on the stopwatch for that period. In addition to the above, the
observer also mentally notes the densest opacity occurring during the
coke fall period and at the end of the push cycle records on the data
sheet the maximum opacity observed.
The following visible emissions are not timed:
(1) Steam vapor;
(2) Visible emissions generated from jamb cleaning;
(3) Visible emissions from the removed door; or
(4) Visible emissions from the pushside of the oven.
In some cases, coke battery operators will keep the standpipe cap
open during the push cycle. These emissions should be regarded as pushing
emissions.

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METHOD D
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
A-U
Company
Location
Company Rep.
Inspector
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
13 D-quench
* No mark for sky
X for battery
V for other (specify)
Comments:
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
CS
PS
A B C
ttery/oven I

1
Time door
‘moved (A)
.
1
me of
sh (B)
Dimeof
ench (D)l
1
7
I
me>2 0%
between (A-B)
20%
twe n (B-C)
Time > 20%
“tweCn (C-D)
I
I
i

x. opacity
ring (B-C )
r .sjtion
... ...ckground*
[
- mnent
m be r
-I -
GPO 840 —8 7

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A-i 8
METHOD E
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 60%
OPACITY DURING PUSHING
PRINCIPLE
The visible emissions equal to or greater than 60% opacity emitted
during the pushing cycle are timed by an observer located on the cokeside
of the battery. In addition, the maximum opacity observed during the
coke fall period is recorded.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Pushing Cycle - the period of time commencing when the cokeside
oven door is removed and ending when the coke is quenched. Further, the
pushing cycle is divided into three periods, as follows:
A B 2 C D
0- 3
A to B = 1: Period from time door comes off to time start of
ram movement
B to C = 2: Period from time start of ram movement to time all
coke is in hot car
C to D = 3: Period from time all coke is in hot car to time of
quench
(b) Coke Fall Period - the period of time B to C or 2, above.

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A-i 9
Cc) Quench - cooling the red hot coke to a temperature below its
ignition temperature at the quench tower.
(d) Quench Tower - the structure, where the quench is carried out,
normally made of wood or brick and designed to conduct the steam plume
generated during the quench into the atmosphere.
(e) Hot Car - the railroad car into which the coke is pushed; sometimes
called the quench car.
(f) Opacity — the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission
of light and obscure the view of any object in the background.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer makes the observation from the cokeside
of the battery, where a clear view of the push can be obtained. In general,
a location on the ground, in the cokeside yard, outside the hot car tracks
approximately perpendicular to the observed oven is acceptable. However,
the observer is not restricted to being on the ground level , but may make
the observation from some elevated level. If multiple observers are re-
cording the same emissions, the observers should be positioned as closely
to each other as feasible. Observer position is recorded on the data sheet.
(b) Observations - During the push cycle the observer watches all
the potential emission sources. These include the oven and the hot car.
Upon observing any visible emission with an opacity equal to or greater
than 60% opacity, as determined against any contrasting background, an
accumulative stopwatch is started. The watch is stopped when the visible
emission goes below 60% and is restarted when a visible emission equal to
or greater than 60% reappears. The observer continues this procedure
for the entire push cycle; using either separate stopwatches for each of

-------
A-20
the three periods of the cycle or noting the time for each period and
recording it on the data sheet while employing one or two stopwatches.
The time recorded on the data sheet at the end of each period is the
total time on the stopwatch for that period. In addition to the above,
the observer also mentally notes the densest opacity occurring during
the coke fall period and at the end of the push cycle records on the
data sheet the maximum opacity observed.
The following visible emissions are not timed:
(1) Steam vapor;
(2) Visible emissions generated from jamb cleaning;
(3) Visible emissions from the removed door; or
(4) Visible emissions from the pushside of the oven.
In some cases, coke battery operators will keep the standpipe cap
open during the push cycle. These emissions should be recorded as
pushing emissions.

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METHOD E
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
A- 21
Company —
Location —
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
B C
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
D-quench
ttery/oven
I
lime door —
- rnoved (A)
_____________
me of
sh D)
Time of
ench
me > 60%
Detween (A-B)
T> 60%
tween (B-C)
r

•.iii >60%
between( C-D)
x. opโ ty
t
ring_(B-C)
Position
ckground*
“imment
imber
* No mark for sky
X for battery
I for other (specify)
Comments:
E
CS
PS
;
V
I

A
D
GPO 840—868

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A- 22
METHOD F
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS USING A METHOD 9 TYPE
OBSERVATION DURING PUSHING
PRINCIPLE
The opacity of visible emissions emitted during the push cycle is
recorded at fifteen second intervals by an observer located on the
cokeside of the battery.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Pushing Cycle - the period of time commencing when the cokeside
oven door is removed and ending when the coke is quenched. Further, the
push cycle is divided into three periods, as follows:
A 1 B 2 C D
A to B = 1: Period from time door comes off to time start of
ram movement
B to C = 2: Period from time start of ram movement to time all
coke is in hot car
C to D = 3: Period from time all coke is in hot car to time of
quench
(b) Coke Fall Period - the period of time B to C or 2, above.

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A-23
(c) Quench - cooling the red hot coke to a temperature below its
ignition temperature at the quench tower.
(d) Quench Tower - the structure, where the quench is carried out,
normally made of wood or brick and designed to conduct the steam plume
generated during the quench into the atmosphere.
(e) Hot Car — the railroad car into which the coke is pushed; sometimes
called the quench car.
(f) Opacity - the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission
of light and obscure the view of an object in the background.
(g) Method 9 - the visible emissions observation technique published
in 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer makes the observation from the cokeside
of the battery, where a clear view of the push can be obtained. In general,
a location on the ground, in the cokeside yard, outside the hot car tracks
approximately perpendicular to the observed oven is acceptable. However,
the observer is not restricted to being on the ground level, but may make
the observation from some elevated level. If multiple observers are re-
cording the same emissions, the observers should be positioned as closely
to each other as feasible. Observer position is recorded on the data sheet.
(b) Observations - During the push cycle the observer watches all
the potential emission sources at 15 second instances. These include
the oven and the hot car. The observer determines the opacity of the
pushing emissions at every 15 second instance at the densest point of the
emissions, as read against any contrasting background. Reading commences

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A_ 24
when the door is removed. In addition to recording the opacity, the
inspector records at the period of the push cycle and the specific back-
ground used for the opacity determination. The observer continues this
procedure until the coke is quenched.
The following visible emissions are not timed:
(1) Steam vapor;
(2) Visible emissions generated from jamb cleaning;
(3) Visible emissions from the removed door; or
(4) Visible emissions from the pushside of the oven.
In some cases, coke battery operators will keep the standpipe cap
open during the push cycle. These emissions should be recorded as pushing
emissions.

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METHOD F
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
A- 25
Company
Location
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
Position
Background* ______ _______________ _______________
* No mark for sky
X For battery
I For other (specify)
Note: During observation enter designations A, B, C, and D in the
block during which the event occurred.
Comments:
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
D-quench
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
CS
PS __________________
A C 0
B
ttery/oven
Time door
removed
Mm
0
15 30
45
—_____ 0 ___ ___ ___ ___
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
F

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A-26
0 15
30
45___
1
1
1
1’_____________
—
20 [
___________
—
- -
1
-
METHOD F
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
(Continued)
Battery/oven ____/______
F
GPO B40-$C5

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A- 27
METHOD H
PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVING VISIBLE EMISSIONS FROM TOPSIDE LEAKS
USING A MULTIPASS TRAVERSE
PRINCI PLE
The visible emissions emitted from offtake systems and charge port
lids are determined visually by an observer making a separate traverse
for the offtake system and for the charge port lids.
DEFINITIONS
(a) Offtake System - the apparatus for each oven that provides a
passage for gases from an oven to the collection main.
(b) Collection Main - the apparatus connected to one or more offtake
systems that provides a passage for conveying gases from the offtake
system to the byproduct plant cross-over collection main.
(c) Charge Port - Any opening in the topside of an oven, provided
by a masonry casting.
(d) Chart Port Lid - any apparatus used to cover an open charge
port.
Ce) Stationary Jumper Pipe - any apparatus permanently connecting
two ovens for the purpose of increasing oven aspiration during charging.
(f) Decarbonization Period - a period of time for combusting oven
carbon that commences when oven lids are removed from charge ports no

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A- 28
no earlier than 30 minutes before the oven is pushed and ends with the
initiation of the next charge of that oven.
(g) Luting - a process by which charge port lids are wet-sealed to
retard escape of emissions to the atmosphere.
(h) Traverse - the movement from one end of the battery to the
other, inspecting all oven in the battery.
(i) Significant Leak - any offtake system leak which is greater
than one meter in length.
(j) Total Leak - any offtake system or charge port lid leak.
PROCEDURE
(a) Position - The observer makes the observation from the topside
of the battery, traversing the battery near the centerline. During the
traverse, the observer may stray from the centerline of battery if the
observer believes an investigation is required to determine whether or
not a leak exists. If the observer does deviate from the battery center-
line during a traverse to look at a particular source, this is noted on
the data sheet.
In performing a traverse, the inspector observes offtake system
leaks in one direction and charge port lid leaks in the return traverse.
The offtake system leak traverse is conducted in the direction where the
sun is most behind the inspector’s back.
(b) Observations - The observer traverses the coke battery at a
steady pace, pausing only to make appropriate entries on the data sheet.
The inspector may use a stopwatch to record the time required for the

-------
A-29
traverse. If the observer is delayed by the larry car, the watch is
stopped and restarted. The time required for the traverse is recorded
on the data sheet.
The inspector should stand back far enough from the offtake system(s)
or charge port lids in order to provide a clear view of them. If for some
reason the centerline cannot be used to provide such a clear view, the
observer should select a viewing location on the topside further from
(rather than closer to) the units being inspected; this situation may
occur if the standpipes are extremely tall (greater than 15 feet). In
such cases, for example, the observer may traverse along the cokeside
edge in order to observe a pushside offtake system. If a double offtake
system battery has extremely tall offtakes, it is conceivable that two
traverses may be required for each run, i.e., one traverse along the
cokeside edge of topside to observe the pushside offtake system and one
traverse along the pushside edge of topside to observe the cokeside
offtake system. In such a case, the two traverses may be required, whereas
a single traverse is preferred.
During any one traverse, the observer may record on the data sheet
total leaks from charg port lids, or may record total and significant
leaks from offtake systems (and stationary jumper pipes).
The numbers for all ovens with lids and offtakes open for decarbon-
ization are noted on the data sheet with the appropriate comment. In
addition, if a leak from one of the open sources exists, the number of
significant and/or total leaks are recorded in the appropriate columns
of the data sheet; however, the oven number is circled to indicate the
oven was decarbonizing.
The following visible emissions are not i’eco:ued:
(1) Steam vapor;

-------
A- 30
(2) Coal smoldering on the topside; or
(3) Visible emissions from flue caps.

-------
A- 31
METHOD H
TOPSIDE OBSERVATIONS
Compa fly
Location
Company Rep
Inspector
CS
PS
__________________________ Date ________
_____________________ Sky Condition
_________________ Wind Speed —
____________________ Ambient Terrip.
Background
[ Indicate sun position, observation
____ traverse, and wind direction.]
Total
number of:
Base = B, Cap = C, Saddle = S, Flancie = F, Other = 0
Ignited = I, Ignited with Emissions = IE,
Emissions only = E
ieck (/) oven number if excursion made.
Circle oven number if standpipe(s) and/or lids are open
Battery
number
Ovens Lids
Time
ispection
- tarted/
Completed
Offta ke
systems
Visible Emissions
Signifi-
Total Leaks cant Leaks
Oven
Number
Collection
Ma i n S
Number
of Lids
Number of
Offtake
Svct ms
Number of
Off take
Svc* mc
Comments
I
I
-

I
I
ndicate location of leak:
.f decarbonizing indicate:
GPO 84O-864

-------
Appendix B
Daily Activities and Process Observer Requirements

-------
Tahi 8-2
DAILY ACTIVIT1 S
(/SSC ?elIP?IE’LD WORK 5
hethod
B C H Li
(Battery/No. of VEO Readin 9 s)
OR I ENTATI ON
5/33 5/45 5/7 5/7 - -
6/30 6/45 6/7 - - -
5/45 5/30 5/8 - -
6/45 6/30 6/8 6/8 - -
5/12 5/60 5/8 5/8 5/24 5/24
6/15 6/8
- 5/75 5/7 5/7 5/28
- 6/7 -
- 5/75 5/7 5/7 -
9/7
DAY 0
- 6/75 6/7 6/7
9/7
6/45 6/45 6/8 6/C
9/8
- 5/15 6/7 6/7
6/75 9/8
5/45 5/45 5/7 5/7
6/75 6/7 6/7
EXIT
5/135 5/345 5/44
6/135 6/345 6/59
9/30
B-i
Date A
E F
Nov 29
Nov. 30
Dec. 1
Dec. 2
Dec. 3
De:. 4
Dec. 5
Dec. 6
Jec. 7
Dec 8
Dec. 9
Dec. 10
Total
FThotocjraphy
Ilovies StiUs
ft. No.
DAY.
- 140 13
— 50 13
5/24 10 41
5/28 - -
6/25 -
6/29 -
6/20 90 11
290 78
5/30
FF
6/25 6/25
6/30 6/30
6/20 -
I N I E R V I E H
5/54 5/52 5/52
6/75 6/55 6/74

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Table 8-2
PROCESS O3SE .’/ER EQUI E ‘Ei’/TS
USSC FAIPFIE,0 VOP S
Position TLa TSb
Data
LCC p 5 pd
PSL CSD
Sheets
Personnel
Placement x
Personnel
Activities x x x x x
Chart
Log x
Combstn/
Exhst Sttngs X
Combustion
Data x
Photography x
Oven Port
Carbon X
Larry Car
Inspector X
Coke Oven
Condition X A X
Standpipe
Sealing X
Charging
Time Study
Pusher llachine
Inspector X
Oven Port
Sealing X
Coal Sariole
Collection X
Coal/Coke/Tar
Analysis x
Steam Data X X x
Door Process
List X X
a - Team leader
b - Topside inspector
c - Larry Car inspector
d - Pusher machine inspector
e - PS door machine inspector
- CS door machine inspector
g - Performed by extra larry car inspector
B—2

-------
Appendix C
Figures

-------
“ —N
CONYE NO JO
L-f—.-—---———— \-- _
CO 4VDV NO. IO IU 3E Nut NO
OREMAI 3 OV7IU CONVCYOA t
NOUITaIAI. WAT1 TAIut COMP C 5 I TN FO tdC • NECLAIM
HO4JU I IT ATtON
COAL UNLOAOINN NTATtO4NO$ NO 1
— - 0 0 0—9—O—-—--— -e
C Q Q_ ’ - “ - ‘ - -
O *I ;] I () ) r i LL
fr 5T. ‘ .i 5 __] ฎ . . — -----—-.-- - -.
- c 4 — GAS tOCLAS
I i fl Ji3

—_____ JrQ .A4lc
Figure 1. USSC Fairfield Works Coke Plant
_TELLScaIC CHUTE
—
___________ - C L NN A O - __________________________ ___________
- caA c C— 3TAT .0P4 NO * _____________
MOTO CONThCL
L _ _ -
: Fillil i:- -
_____ _________________ _____ 1111 _ I
__ 11NosjN 1 ,JT __ __
-Iii -
-
____________________-—. -
IMOUND $TO*AN( L ILA .. ‘;- .
NECLAIN - - - -- -, - , /.... /,
.T-I4 )PP .R NO I . - .. . . —
- -,
ISO ... 1 . 1 . 1 - -t3 1:P ._ _; - - - -_ - - -- - . - - . .
i ,SIJRGE bIN NO $ ็c1 W . - - : - V
U fl B fl fl 0 3 — - -:_: -
________ - .
____ -
- . r - —: .--. —
( CQ. 4. BS I _ - — STAT.;.A U )I .__:: .:= .=::__ . . . =: —
c t c. e __ = - - — . LI .t4TC& 5T(% I .
STC N . .A
3u 5 N
--. -T- . ’ , - —
__ _ .
S.
____ - LtJ
[ Lii1 - - - 1__
L == -=== -- -- . . . - . -- - ..-- . ---.--.-—.-.=- -J
utS SCRiJN&RS rIP pt. 1 _______
= =
EJ A LH 1f2
t M !1 AT: r i
TA S— 1
I) LD&OAW
-v------
BATT(RY NO 4 j [ C4L J [ _8A O3 ____
rz 1 T
I DDt
DD oo
Q tNIC* _CLCCTN C ICN LINC
/ OAMYC 3TO$ AGC ./’
/ I NCLL. PCIJSC
I
S IA . I
51c4
@ @
I flflflfllfll
S1A1ION

-------
TENI LEADER
INSPECTOR_
DATE______
PLANT
PERSONNEL PLACEME IT
Page of______
CODE: IS topside insDector, LC larrycar inspector, PSD = push side door
machine inspector, PSP = pushside pusher machine inspector,
CSD = coke side door machine inspector, CIII = catwalk inspector
VEO’rs
LOCATION
PO’rs
LOCATION
BATTERY
POSITION
BATTERY
POSITION
Figure 2. Personnel Placement Form

-------
rage _____ oF
CO 1PANY
PROCESS DATA
PERSONNEL ACTIVITIES
INSPECTOR
Larry car Inspector
Topside Inspector
Coke Side Inspector
Pus” Sid 1 nspecor
LOCATION __________________________ DAT
Indicate worker job title, number of persons working at this job and brief
job description, at the beginning of each day and when personnel changeQ are
made. Indicate spells provided by relief man.
TIME
Worker
D srriptior
Operations
Title
BATTrRV________
Figure 3. Personnel Activities Form

-------
TEAM LEADER
INSPECTOR
DATE
PLANT
BATTERY
CHART LOG
Chart
Requested
Acquired
SCcLLk Flue Temperature CS
St ck Flue Temperature PS
Stack Draft Pressure CS
Stack Draft Pressure PS
Coke Oven Gas Pressure CS
-
Coke Oven Gas Pressure PS
Flue Gas Temperature
Pusher tlachine: Turn
--. ----=.-------_
Turn
Turn
/- Yes
X - No
Figure 4. Chart log

-------
Page 1
TEAM LEADER
INSPECTOR_________________________________
DATE_________________________________________
PLANT____________________________________
BATTERY__________________________________
COt 1BUSTION/EXHAUST SETTINGS
(Sketch Combustion (Sketch Exhaust
Air Damper Setting Gas Damper
Cc f guration) Setting Configuration)
Combustion Air Settings
Exhaust Gas Settings
Oven
PS
CS
Oven
PS
CS
Figure 5. Combustion/Exhaust Settings Form

-------
TEAM LEADER
I NSPECTOR
DATE______
PLANT______
BATTERY
Figure 6. Combustion Data Form

-------
INSPECTOR
DATE______
PLANT
TEAM LEADER
Page_____ _of______
PHOTOGRAPHY LOG
STILL
NOVIE
QUANTITY
WHEN
WHAT
Figure 7. Photography Log

-------
PROCESS DATA
OVEN PORT CARBON
COMPANY _______________________________ INSPECTOR _______________________________
LOCATION ____________________________ DATE __________________ BATTERY _________
Indicate carbon buildup for each oven port prior to charging. If no carbon
is present indicate same with (OK).
Oven
Time
Carbon

Comment
Number
00000
ooooo
00000
00000
00000
00000
COMMENTS:
Figure 8. Oven Port Carbon Form

-------
rage ______ of
PROCESS DATA
LARR 1 CAR INSPECTOR
COMPANY ________________________________ INSPECTOR __________________________________ BATTERY
LOCATION _____________________________ DATE ________________________________________________________________
Oven
Char ed
Coal Hopper
Volume Settlnqs
Check Sheet - Indicate Yes (/) or No (o)
(iooseneck Carbon Comment
(Illuctrate Carbon Buildup Number
after cleaning)
1 2 3 4
Steam on
(Both
ends for
dual
mains)
#4 and #1
hoppers
dropped
first
#3 and #2
hoppers
dropped
individually
Slide gates
closed
after
discharging
hoppers
L!L
Goosenecks
cleaned*
PS - CS
Pusher Side
Coke Side
0
.
0
0
0
O,
I
I
— niachino
CONMENTS: H - hand tool
Figure 9. Larry Car Inspector Form

-------
Page — of ______
PROCESS DATA
COKE OVEN CONDITION Coke Side Inspector
l ush Side Inspector
COMPANY____________________________ INSPECTOR _____________________________ BATTERY _____________________
LOCATION DATE
OVEN
BROKEN. REFRACTORY AT
DOOR AREA
DARK (COLD) SPOTS ON SIDE WALLS
OVEN ROOF CARBO’J BUILDUP
Illustate:
Check: Indicate
Yes(/) Location:(X)
No (x) (End View)
Check:
Yes(b”
No (x)
Indicate Location: (X)
(Top View)
End View
Side View (best estimate)
(indicate standpipe and oven holes)
Cs PS
Cs PS
-
Cs PS
Cs PS
Cs PS
CS PS
COMMENTS:
Figure 10. Coke Oven Condition

-------
‘
0 1
I
0
20 30
. L
40
I I I I I I
50 60
% of Maximum Air Flow
70 80 90
a
1 or
9c
8(
71
C
0
Sc
U
a)
C
a)
0
0
3C
21
36
n
00
2
Figure 11. Percent Air Flow vs. Percent Gooseneck Area Open

-------
PROCESS DATA
STANDPIPE SEALING
COMPANY _____________________ INSPECTOR
DATE BATTERY
indicate clock time that any standpipe lid is either sealed or resealed.
Indicate cokeside (CS) or push side (PS).
TIME
TIME
LOCATION
Figure 12. Standpipe Sealing
Form

-------
COMPAN’I -
LOCATION
CHARGING TIME STUDY
__________ INSPECTOR
DATE
Page _______ of ________
l arry car inspectCr
Topside Inspector
BATTERY ________
Nave car to oven.
Spot car on oven,drop sleeves.
Clean goosenecks, CS
standpipe caps and seats. -
Close Standpipe,
damper oven,__
PS
turn on aspirating
steam.
Timing Time F1ar d
Start Mm. Sec.
Time
Start
Elaos d
Mm. Sec.
Number
coat bunker.
tids.
oiL steam.
Charge coal to oven:
in
1 /3
112
Lute standpmpe cap.
CO NE TS:
Figure 3. Charging Time Study Form

-------
Page ______ of
PROCESS DATA
PUSHER MACHINE INSPECTOR
COMPANY ______________________________ INSPECTOR _______ ______________________ BATTERY _______
LOCATION DATE
OVEN
APPEARANCE OF COKE FACE
Check Yes (I) or No (X)
Partial (P) or Whole(W)
TIME OF
PUSH
ELA SED
PUSH
PERIOD
(see)
CHUCK DOOR OPERATION
Check Yes (1) or No ()
COMMENT
NUMBER
CLOSED
LATCHED
TIGHTENED
LEAKING
ELAPSED TIME
DOOR OPEN
BEFORE LEVEL
SMOKE
FLAME
•
BAR STARTS
(see)
COMMENTS:
Figure 14. Pusher Machine Inspector Form

-------
Paye ______ of
PROCESS DATA
OVEN PORT SEALING
COMPANY ___________________________ INSPECTOR __________________
LOCATION __________________________ DATE ________________________
Indicate clock time that any lid is either sealed or resealed.
lid(s) sealed (i.e., lid closest to push side is 1/ 1 lid).
BATTERY ________
Indicate
)VEN TIME TIME TIME TIME TIME TIME TIME TPIE
Figure 15. Oven Port Sealing Form

-------
INSPECTOR
DATE______
PLANT
TEAM LEADER
Page of______
COAL SAMPLE COLLECTIO 1
Battery
Sampling Point
ip1e
: No.
Time
S ple
: No.
Time
Sample
No.
Time
Figure 16. Coal Sample Collection Form

-------
TEAM LEADER
INSPECTOR
DATE______
PLANT
STEAM DATA
Battery
O’.’
Char 9 ed
Static
Steam Pressure (psig)
Dynamic Steam Pressure (psig)
1*
2**
3***
____________________________________________________________ I
*Loca t i on
**Loca tio n
Loca t io n
Figure 18. Steam Data Form

-------
a
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Nozzle Pressure
a
________ I 1 I I I
80
PS IC
1/2 ”
Nozzle Diameter
____I ___I I
90 100 110 120
3/4”
9/16”
U-
>
4.’
I - ,
Q.
I .- )
4-’
‘U
1 . .
“I
2
Figure 19. Nozzle Pressure vs. Aspraton Capacity for Single Sandpipe

-------
UCGI 1’Cu . b LLSL
Condition of Door
on Removal
0
0
U) CD
(Do)
ni-I
ri ri-
0
CD
Door !1achii e Push Sic o
Door Machine Coke Side
Latching Seq.
Top Bot. Both
Bo1. To
E.i tar
1—No damage on door, knife edge (nq
dents, cr&cks, missing sect.)
2—Physical damage (cracks, deforma-
tions, r is ing soct.)
3-Carbon dQposltS
4—Tt docr i repiaced with a fresh
door in this cycle
f- which a?plies
Observer.
Date _____
P lant_
fl l- ,-nrmj
Figure 20. Door Process List

-------
I L SPECTOR
DATE______
PLANT
TEAN LEADER
Page of______
SPARE DOORS
—
Battery
Time
Number
I
COMNENTS
CS
1
PS
Figure 21. Spare Door Form

-------
Of
P flCESS flATA: rUr I V nPEPPTI()
TOPSIrE I !Sr)ECTflfl
Connanv______________________________ Insoector ___________________________
Location — Date _______________________________
Batter” ___________________________ cc
Sky Condition ____________________ —
Dackc round ___________________________
Indicate sun oosition, observer position, “md sneed and direction.
Denote innited offtake nas “ith *
COMHE TS:
Figure 22. Topside Inspector Form

-------
METHOD A
CHARGING OBSERVATIONS
Company
Location
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
Background —
Battery/Oven /
Tire of Charge: Start_____________
End______________
Indicate sun position, observation
position, and wind direction:
Indicate sun position, observation
position, and wind direction:
Tire 20% (seconds)
Opacity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
Maximum opacity
r6- - ]
1
Tiue 20% (seco ids)
Oparity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
tiaxirium opacity
Cori nents:
Mark dominant emission points:
Battery/Oven /
Tine of Charge: Start______________
End______________
Indicate sun position, observation
position, and wind direction:
T1 e 20% (secu ds) Comments:
Opacity
Charge period
Seal period
Total
J
Mark dominant emission noints:
) 9I
Battery/Oven I
Tine of Charge. Start_____________
Comments:
Flark dominant emission points:
A
GPO 640—610
Hgure 23. Method A-Charging Emissions Data Form

-------
METHOD B
CHARGING OBSERVATIONS
Company ________________________ Date ________________________
Location ______________________ Sky Condition ______________
Company Rep. __________________ Wind Speed _________________
Inspector ______________________ Aniu eriL Temp. _______________
Background ___________________
[ Indicate sun position, observation Dosition, and wind direction
on diagrams.]
Cs
Total Enii cions, Searnds
BatiiOven
Time Start — Charce Period -
Time End Seal Period
- PS — Total
Cornent:
CS Total Emissions, Seconds
8att/Ov n I
Tine Start Charoe Period -
Time End — Sea-i Period
Total
PS
Come n t:
CS Total Emissions, Seconds
Batt/Oven I
Time Start Charme Period
Time End Seal Period
PS - Total
Coment:
CS Total Emissions, Sec.onds
Batt/Oven /
Tine Start Tharci . rio —
Time End al erio’I —
Total
P ___
Coment:
CS Total Emissions, S’econds
Batt/Oven
Time Start — I Charne Period
Time End Seal Period
PS Total
Cornent: —
B
GPO • Q
Figure 24. Method B-Charging Emissions Data Form

-------
METHOD C
DOOR OBSERVATIONS
Company _____________
Location ____________
Company Rep. _______
Inspector ___________
Battery ____________
No. of Ovens
CS
PS
Date
Sky Condition ____________________
Wind Speed ______________________
Ambient Temp. ____________________
Background ________________________
[ Ir.d aate sun position, observation
traverse, and wind direction.]
OVEN NO
ID OF
LEAK*
PS or cs
OPACITY
TIME:
START
EIL I SH
COMMENTS
*D door, C=chuck door, Bboth door and chuck door
ceoe4o— e
Figure 25. Method C-Door Leak Data Form

-------
METHOD H
TOPSIDE OBSERVATIONS
Company ________________________ Date ____________________________
Location ______________________ Sky Condition _________________
Company Rep. __________________ Wind Speed ____________________
Inspector _____________________ Ambient Temp. _________________
cs Back jr und _____________________
[ Indicate sun position, observation
PSI j traverse, and wind direction.]
Battery Total Offtake
number number of: Ovens Lids ________ systems
Tine
Inspection
Started!
Oven
Visible_Emissions
E
Total Leaks
Signifi—
ant Leaks
Collection 1
Number
Number of
Number of
Comments
Completed
Number
4ains
of Lids
Offtake
.SyctPms_
Offtake
.Sys.tPmc
Indicate location of leak: Base = B, Cap = C, Saddle = S, Flan็ie F, Other 0
If decarbonizing indicate: Ignited = I, Ignited with Emissions IE,
Emissions only = E
Check (/) oven number if excursion made.
Circle oven number if standpipe(s) and/or lids are open
H
GPO • O — 84
Figure 26. Method H-Topside leak Data Form

-------
METHOD 0
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
Company —
Location —
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date _________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
A
CS
PS
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
D-quench
Battery/oven
Time door A
removed
Time of (B)
Push
Time of
quench
.
Time > 20%
betwe n (A-B)
Time • • 20%
between (B-C)
Time > 20%
betwe n (C-D)
Max. opacit
during (B-C
-_____________
Position
Backgroufld*
Comment
number
* No mark for sky
X for battery
V for other (specify)
Comments:
GPO 6lO—$ 7
D
B
c
Figure 27. Method D-Pushing Emissons Data Form

-------
METHOD E
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
Company —
Location
Company Rep.
Inspector —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Ambient Temp.
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
B C
D
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
D-quench
Battery/oven
Time door
removed (A)
Time of
push (B)
Time of
c uench (0)
Time 1 60%
between (A-B)
Time 1 60%
between (B-C)
lime > 60%
between (C-D)
Max. opacit
during (B-C)
Position
Background*
—-—-
Comment
number
* No mark for sky
X for battsry
J for other (specify)
Comments:
GPO O4O-
E
CS
PS
A
A
Figure 28. Method E-Pushing Emissions Data Form

-------
METHOD F
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
Company —
Location —
Company Rep.
Inspcct3r —
Date ________
Sky Condition
Wind Speed —
Pr b’ent Temp.
A-door off
B-ram moves
C-coke in hot car
D-quench
Position __________
Background*
* No mark for sky
X For battery
I For other (specify)
[ Indicate sun position, observation position, and wind direction.]
CS
PS
A
B C P
Battery/oven I Time door
removed
Mm
0
15
30
45
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Note: During observation enter designations A, B, C, and D in the
block during which the event occurred.
Comments:
F
Figure 29-a. Method F-Pushing Emissions Data Form

-------
METHOD F
PUSHING OBSERVATIONS
(Continued)
Battery/oven ____/______
Mm
0
15
30
45
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Figure 29-b.Method F-Pushing Emissions Data Form
(cont
GPO 840—065

-------
Figure 30. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 5
35
30
25
20
Cs
-refractory_
IIHIIIH —knife edge—
total number of doors inspected
0
0
0
15
w
.0
E
z
l0
5
g
—
Number of Sections per Door
- irfi Wo No
er -- 197

-------
35
Figure 31. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 6
USSC Foirlield Works November 30, 1976
PS CS
-refractory—
111111111 -knife edge- / 1/A
total number of doors inspected
30
25
20
0
.0
E
15
10
5
0
Number of Sections per Doo,

-------
35
PS
CS
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 32. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 97๓
-refractory-
IlUIHI -knife edge- ,j,’j
total numoer of doors inspected
30
25
C
0
0
20
0
a)
.0
E
Z
Jo
5
0
c i

-------
Number of Sectinns per Door
Figure 33. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 6
USSC Fairlield Works December 1,1976
PS CS
-refractory-
IIIIIIIH -kn fe edge- ,,,j
tota’ number of doors inspected
35
30
25
0
J 20
IS
10
5
0
U

-------
35
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 34 Door Damage Histogram
Battery 5
USSC FairField Works December 2, 1976
PS Cs
—refractory—
111111111—knife edge- ,,,
total number of doors inspected
30
25
U,
20
0
0
0
.0
E 15
z
Jo
5
U

-------
35
PS Cs
-refractory-
iiiiiiiii’ -knife edge- ,, j
total number of doors inspected
30
25
20
0
0
0
0
o 15
E
z
I0
5
3
4
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 35. Loor Damage Histogram
Battery 6
USSC FairField Works December 2, 97๓

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35
PS
CS
-refractory-
111111111 -knife edge- ///A
total number of doors inspected
ir
Figure 36. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 5
30
25
0
0
a
20
0
E
Z
10
5
3
4
Num ber of Sections per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 3, 1976

-------
35
PS CS
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 37. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 6
-refractory-
IIIIIIHI -knife edge- /f
total number of doors inspected
0
0
a
0
E
z
30
25
20
75
10
5
0
4
USSC Fairfleld Works
December 3, 1976

-------
35
Cs
30
PS
-refractory-
111111111 -knife edge- ,jj’
total number of doors inspected
25
20
0
0
3
0
.0
E
z
‘5
J0
5
Numher of Sections per Door
Figure 38. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 5
(JSSC Fairfield Works
December 4, 1976

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PS Cs
-refractory-
111111111 —knife edge- ,,,,
total number of doors inspected
30-
25
U,
0
0
0
20
0
S
.0
E
Z
u

E ‘ \
lid
T 1
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 39. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 9
USSC Fairfield Works December 4, 1976

-------
35
PS Cs
DD -refractory- 4
111111111 -knife edge- ,y,,
total number of doors rnspected
20
30
25
0
L
0
0
0
0
S
‘5
10
5
0
3
Number of Sections per Door
4
Figure 40. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works
December 6, 1976

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35
30
PS Cs
-refractory-
HUIIIII —knife edge-
total number of doors inspected
C
0
0
0
0
C
.0
E
z
25
20
‘5
l0
5
0
0
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 41. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 9
USSC FairField Works December 6, 1976

-------
35
30
25
PS
CS
-refractory—
Huinin -knife edge- ‘jj,
total number of doors inspected
U) 20
0
0
C
0
Is
E
z
Jo
5
2 I I 4
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 42. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 7, 1976

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PS Cs
-refractory-
iniiuiii —knife edge- r.f/A
total number of doors inspected
Figure 43. Door Damage l-flstogrom
Battery 9
35
30
25
0
0
0
20
E
z
‘5
l0
5
0
2
N u m b e r
3
4
of Sections per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 7, 97๓

-------
35
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 44. Door Damage Histogram
PS Cs
NI D -refractory-
jijiiiii -knife edge- //fA
total number of doors inspected
30
25
20
‘5
J0
C
0
0
a
0
C
.0
E
z
S
0
3
4
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works
December 8,1976

-------
35
PS Cs
-refractory-
iiiiiiiui —knife edge— ‘jj’j
total number of doors inspected
30
25
U,
0
0
a
20
U I
E
z
‘5
10
5
0
U
2
NumLer of Sections per Door
Figure 45. Door Damage Histogram
Battery 9
USSC Fairfield Works
December 8, 1976

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35
30
25
PS CS
-refractory-
11111111! -knife edge- //JA
total number of doors inspected
U,
0
0
a
0
U>
E
z
20
75
10
5
4
umber of Sections per Door
Figure 46. Door Damage Histogram -
Battery 6
IJSSC Fairfield Works December 9, 976

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— Cleaned Deposits Remaining
i,uiini,iiii’ -knife edge-
lIDIolg_gaschaflne1_U ’ ’ a
U - jamb -
30 — ——- total number of doors inspected
25. =
EU
ED
II
o
o2O
o
E U ’ 1
z -
= ,,
Jo
5-
-i 516 [ No ata1
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 47. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - ‘ usher Side
USSC Fairfield Works November 30, 1976

-------
35
30
25
0
0
a
20
S
.0
E
z
Is
10
S
0
a
a
12
U
U
U
a
U
a
Urn
— I a
— 1 2
Do
— u
Cleaned
IIIII1III!IIII —k m fe edge—
—gas channel-
- jamb -
total number of doors
Deposits Remaining
I -,,,,,
cP or a O
inspected
2
0
a
1 2
1 2
1 2
1 2
a
1 2
a
1 2
2
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 48. Door Cleaning/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works November 30, 1976

-------
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IIIIIIIIIIIIIR -knife edge- //7f/J
IIDIc -gas
Q L t g- jamb -
30- --- total number of doors inspected
25 —
0 =
0 — =
3
20
z
—n
15 =
N
_
—D =

N DD
0- ____
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 49. Door Histogram
Battery 6 Pusher Side
USSC Fairfield Works November 30, 1976

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35
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IllIlu hlIlIll -knife edge— ,i,,,, ,
IflIDIJ -gas channel-
IDDEIO - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
a
a
D
a
U
a
a
U
U
U
U
a
U
U
a
U
a
U
I A
U
U
30
25
0
0
0
a
0
20
.0
E
z
‘5
l0
S
0
2
3
- I
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 5ุ Door Histogram
Battery 6 - Coke Side
IJSSC Fairfield Works November 30, 1976

-------
Cleaned Deposits Renaming
jiiiiillllllil’ -knife edge— /////J
channe1-i—-;--
- janb -
total number of doors inspected
30-
-
—
25
2O
0
00
z
— _D
00
Jo = =_0
E =
=00

=0
= 0
=__
or T No Data
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 51. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Pus her Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 1976

-------
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
I IIIIIIIIIIH 1 -knife edge- ‘ , , , , 1 c
;nuni -gas channel- r itLt’J
IflflD ! - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
U
U
0
0
u
20
_ L —
N umber of Sections per Door
Figure 52. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 1976
L I
U
U
U
D r
jL l
— r
— n
no
—U
3 5
30
25
0
0
0
a
0
Ii
E
J
z
20
‘5
10
5

-------
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
35 -
!!tIIIIIIIIIII -knife edge- fJJ//J
channel- L rT
D - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
30-
25. —
C
0
0
0
ฐ2 0
w
.0
E
z
‘5.
ii :
10
5.
__________ — .-.
0 r TTI3Ii I f
6 T ta1
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 53. Door Clean ing/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6. Pusher Side
USSC fairfield Works December 1, 976

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F;gure 54. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Coke Side
cleaned Deposits Remaining
iitiiiiiiiiiii’ -knife edge- /// ,J
lI Ifl hl-9 channel-r .2. Z.3
n :- jamb -
total number of doors inspected
35
30
25
20
75
70
U,
0
0
a
0
U ,
.0
E
z
S
N
N
N
1 2
a
N
N
N
N
N
12
a
U
N
U
N
E l
N
U
B
a
N
1 2
U
U
N
N
C
1 2
1 2
a
U
N
N
0
Number of Sections per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 1926

-------
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IflHIIIIUhII -knife edge- ,,,,,—,
IDI I -gas channel- r’-
• g - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
a
a
a
0
a
a
a a
—0
a oa a
a
a
a
a
0
a
a
Ii
a
a
a
a
00
35
30
25
0
0
a
ฐ 20
.0
E
z
Is
Jo
5
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 55. Door Cleaniig/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Pusher Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 2, 1976

-------
35
Cleaned Deposits Rer’iain ng
IllIllIlIllItli -kn fe edge- I l l/ f l
u, ,c u.-gas channel— r i
• - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
I
Number of Sections per Door
Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogrom
Battery 5 - Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 2, 1976
—
— j
—
—
30
25
20
0
S
l5
!0
5
Figure 56.

-------
35
30
25
0
0
0
20
.0
E
z
‘5
I0
5
0
—Fi
—
—
—ti
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IIIIIIHUIHI ’ —knife edge- f’’/’J
II I I s-gas channel- r i-
g - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
Numoer uf Sect,ons per Door -
Figure 57. Door Cleaning/ Etfect veness Histogram
Battery o Pusher Side
USSC Fairfield Work5 December 2, 976

-------
35
30
Cleaned -
lIlIllIlIflhll —knife edge—
i i iiu —gas channel—
- jamb -
total number of doors
25
S
0
0
0
0
S
.0
E
z
20
Deposits Remaining
‘I-,,,,
inspected
15
10
S
—
—
—
—D
—r
U
U
_U
4
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 58. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 2, 1976

-------
35-
30-
a
Cleaned Deposits Re iaining
25 IIIiiiiiiitiij’ —knife edge— ‘J’/JJJ
a
jamb-
total number of doors inspected
2O. —
.0
E —
J5 —
JOE ‘
=
SE —
:
0 J I 2 ’f 3 I 1 6 No Data
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 59. Door CIeaning/Effect;yene 5 Histogram
Battery 5 - Pusher Side
USSC Fairheld Works December 3, 976

-------
Figure 60. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Coke Side
—
aN
—N
—N
Na
Na
Cleanea Deposits Remaining
IHhIIIiiiiii ’ —knife edge- /7 1 ,1 1
Iu j -gas channel-
jamb -
total number of doors inspected
35
30
25
S
0
0
0
‘ 20
S
.0
E
z
‘5
J0
5
0
Number of Sections per Door
tJSSC Fairfield Works December 3, 1976

-------
Figure 61. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Pusher Side
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
flhIHhIlIIIII —knife edge- ,—,‘,,j’,
—gas channel -
- jamb -
total number of doors inspected
35
30 -
25
U,
0
0
0
0
20
-D
E
z
15
0
U
Jo
F l
D
S
U
0
U
0
U
0
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
Door -
USSC Fairfield Works December 3 ,1976

-------
Cleaned Deposits Rer’iaining
35 -
iitiiiiiiiiiiu —knife edge- f//,/J
IIDIt I5—gas channel-r ?Z
jamb -
total number of doors inspected
30-
El
25
El
o U
0
o U
o2 0.
IHI
ฃ
z
‘5.
JO ,
5.
Jill ______
0 i21 516 [ NO Data
- Number of Sections per Door
Figure 62. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 . Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 3, 1976

-------
U
U
-U
-
Figure 63. Door Cleaning/Effactiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Pusher Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 4, 976
Cleaned
llll1lllh1Ifll —knife edge—
—gas channel-
- jamb -
total number of doors
Deposits Remaining
Pr,,,,
L
inspec ted
35
30
25
C
0
0
0
0
20
15
I0
5
0
“1
3 I 4
Number of Sections per Door

-------
U
a
U
U
U
U
a
B
U
B
U
a
Figure 64. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 5 - Coke Side
35
Cleaned
11111111111111’ —knife edge—
IlEJIr f -gas channel- _________
jamb -
total number of doors inspected
Deposits Remaining
‘If,,,,
0
0
0
0
E
z
30
25
20
‘5
I0
5
0
U
ฃ1
U
a
U
U
U
B
a
B
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
0
.
USSC Fairfield Works December 4, 1976

-------
Figure 65. Door Cleaning/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 9 - Pusher Side
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
niiimiiiiii -knife edge— ,-,,,,,
R1I -gas channel- _________
i - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
35
30
23
20
0
0
C
0
S
.0 15
E
z
I0
5
: ::
0
-
—D
—u
—D
jjr
Number of Sections per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 4, 1976

-------
Cleaned
nlnnimiii —knife edge—
I lDlJ -gas channel-
- jamb -
— — - total number of doors
Deposits Remaining
u c .’EflJ
o 4r 4 o
inspected
35
30
25
0
0
a
0
20
0
n
E
z
15
I0
S
0
- —
n
U
U
2
U
0
2
S
S
U
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 66. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 9 Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 4. 976

-------
No Data
Figure 67.
Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 . Pusher Side
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
nunhinlul —knife edge— ,//f/
IrJIL ID -gas channel-
- j aiiib -
total number of doors inspected
35
30
25
S
0
0
20
0
S
E
Z 75
70
— I
5
0
4
Number of Sections per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 6, 1976

-------
Deposits Remaining
Figure 68. Door n ing/E ectivefless Histogram
Battery 6 - Coke Side
0
U
U
U
0
U
0
U
U
U
00
Cleaned
35
30
25
20
0
w
.0
E
z
IlIlItlIHhlU —knife edge-
chanfle1
- j anib -
total number of doors inspected
15
10
5
USSC Fairfield Works December 6, i976

-------
35
30
Cleaned
—knife edqo—
I ILJ1D -O ch mnne1—
- jamb -
-- — total number of doors
25
20
Deposits Remaining
/, -,,,,
inspected
S
0
0
0
0
S
E
z
‘5
J0
5
9
D
U
3
Number of Sections per Door
4
Figure 69.
Door Cleaning/Effectiveness
Battery 9 Pusher Side
Histogram
USSC Fairfield Works December 6, 1976

-------
35 -
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IlIlIHhLIlIlI’ -knife edge- /‘////J
channel- CI.: ‘:r
30- jc c1g- jamb -
total number of doors inspected
25
U,
0
0
0
20 -
U,
0
E
z
‘5
P0
n
—
U
5
U
U —
I Ii
N U
N U __
U = —
0 — — 2 3 5 6
Number of Sect่ofls per Door
Figure 70. Door CIeaning/EfIeCti’ 5S Histogram
Battery 9 Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 6, 1976

-------
13
13
U
I3
13
13
13
13
Ii
a
a
13
13
13
a
1 3
1 3
U
13
2
3
4
Figure 71. Door CIean ng/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Pusher Side
35
30
25
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
-kni fe edge- p’ 1 jj’
o ioio -gas channel - __________
- jamb -
total number of doors inspected
S
0
0
0
0
.. 20
S
E
z
15
I0
5
13
1 3
U
a
U
a
13
U
a
a
U
13
U
El
U
13
1 3
U
13
a
B
U
N
0
13
B
Number of Sections per Door
US5C Fairfield Works December 7, 1976

-------
cleaned Deposits Remaining
35 -
II III IIIHI I II’ -knife edge- f /f / / I
1 101 j -gaS channel-t JLtJ
cn ooa- jamb - g r 7 O 3
total number of doors inspected
30-
p
25
0
C D
;20
CD
E
z
SD
D C
Jo
E
5 N
C
li t ____ ________________________
6 HODaIT]
t7 T T
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 72. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Coke Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 7,1976
) I

-------
35
30
25
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
iiinininiii -knife edge- ,,, ,,
i i i -gas channel—
u j g - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
0
0
0
0
20
a,
.0
E
D
z
Is
Jo
5
U
U
U
El
U
El
El
U
C
U 1
El
D
E l
E l
3
4
Sections per Door
Number of
Figure 73. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 9 - Pusher Side
USSC Farf,e ld Works December 7, 1976

-------
35- Cleaned Deposits Renia-ining
IHIIHIIIHII’ -knife edge- Jf//J
uI Ic —gas channel—r . -— —
- jamb -
30 — --- total number of doors inspected
25 -
0
0
U
0
20
.0
E
z
15.
Jo a —
a
a
a —
a
5. a
N j 1
- Number of Sections per Door
Figure 74. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 9 - Coke Side
USSC FairField Works December 7, 1976

-------
35
Cleaned Deposits Remaininq
ii ii i i i i ijl li ’ -knife edge-
1101 C I I U -gas channel - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
ooooa- jamb - rr yz7
total number of doors inspected
30
25
0,
0
0
C
‘
Jo
S
0
0
rJ
a
U
U
U
0
0
a
U
U
U
U
0
a
U
U
U
0
U
U
a
0
0
a
C
U
U
a
a
a
a
C
a
a
a
a
a
0
a
a
3
Number of Sections per Door
4
Figure 75. Door Cleaning/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 - Pusher Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
35
30
25
U,
0
0
a
ฐ 20
E
D
z
15
10
5
0
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
a
El
El
U
El
El
El
U
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
El
U
El
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
IllIlIln1lflI -knife edge— ,,,//,
-gas channel- .
i D - jamb -
total number of doors inspected
N umber of Sections per Door
Figure 76. Door Cleaning /Effectiveness Histogram
Botteiy 6 Co e Side
USSC Fairfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
Cleaned
1 111 1 Ilifi hi lI —knife edge—
i ioin -gas channel—
I D ODD - jamb -
total number of doors
Deposits Remaining
“ - ‘ F,
U — n j
inspec ted
35
30
25
D i
0
0
0
0
• 20
0
.0
E
z
‘5
I0
S
0
0
c i
0
U
—0
90
02
Nurn ber of Sections per Door
Figure 77. Door Cleaning/ Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 9 - Pusher Side
USSC Foirfjeld Works December 8, 1976

-------
35 Clcari l Deirncitc Rcii nnincj
IlIllIllIJIll’ -knife edge- /7JJIJ
IIDIcJI]-gas channel-i _ .
U D c u - jamb -
30 - --— total number of doors Inspected
25. —
U) a i
o = a
= U
2O. 0
I, =
=
E a
a
15.
a
a
JO i a
— a
a
a
U a
= a a
a
a
_ i Ji a
a
__________ L1
1 0 r 1 [ 4 6 1 No Datal
Number of Sections per Door
Figure 79. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histogram
Battery 6 . Pusher Side
USSC Fo r1,eJd Works December 9, 1976

-------
35
Figure 80. Door Cleaning/Effectiveness Histโgram
Battery 6 • Coke Side
30
25
Cleaned Deposits Remaining
uii Ii;iiiilIii -knife edge— ,,,,,,
i 10 10 -gas channe’- ________
- jamb -
total number of doors inspected
0,
0
0
a
ฐ 20
C ,
.0
E
z
‘5
10
S
12
0
0
Li
U
L i
U—
— u
— D
— D
0 o
U
13
a
U
U
U
U
U
Li
U
Number of Sect ions per Door
USSC Fairfield Works December 9, 1976

-------
45—
A 0 0 0
41 -
- A
• D 0 0 ‘p 0
35 -
- 0 0
31- 00 vu 0
00
— A
25-
(I,
IL l
• 0
z
21
z
ILl -
>
0
15—
- p
- 0
11—
o -CSdoor leak — 0
o - PS door leak —
a - PS chuck door leak
5— 0 0
- PS both doors leak A
______ - PS doors blocked from view —
— CS doors blocked from view — 0 0 0
A - charge completion time
1-
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 81. Door Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works November 30. 1976

-------
A
851
A
- 0 0
75 —
- Ga
71-
uJ
-
z
65 -
z
lu -
>
0 -
61- 0
A 0
- 0 a
— 0
55 —
II
A
o - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak 31 — A
o - PS chuck door leak —
— PS both doors ieak
______ — PS doors blocked from view —
- CS doors blocked from view — A
A — charge completion time 46—
-
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM pM
Figure 82. Door Lea k Dci Fc
aat-tary 5
USSC Fairfield Works November 30. 1976

-------
45 —
0
A
0
41- A
— 0
35 —
- c i c i 0 ci
- Aฐ 0
31- ci
25 -
U)
‘U
21- A 0 0
z
u.I -
>
0 -
15—
A 0
11—
a
o - CS door leak 0
o -PSdoor leak — A
O - PS c jc 1 ( door leak
— PS both doors leak —
_ PS doors blocked from view 0
- CS doors blocked from view —
— charge completion time —
- _______________ ________
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
PM
AM
Figure 83. Door Leak Da1 a
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works November 30. 1976

-------
85
c i
U)
U.’
D
z
z
U.’
>
0
— CS door leak
- PS door leak
- PS chuck door leak
— PS both doors leak
- PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time
75
71’
65
61
35
51
46
Figure 84.
AM
Door t..eak DaFo
Battery
0
A
A
0 0
.
0
A
0 0 ci
0O
A
ci
A
0
0
A
0
0
a
A
A
A 0
7 8 9 10 H 12 1 2 3 5
PM
USSC Fairfield Works November 30. 1976

-------
45
U,
uJ
D
z
z
‘U
>
0
o — CS door leak
o - PS door leak
a — PS chuck door leak
— PS both doors leak
______ — PS doors blocked from vies,
— CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
35
31
25
21
15
0
D A
a a 0
II
o 0 0
• . 0 •
•0 a a
A
a
0
A
C
A
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
AM PM
Figure 85. Door Leak Date
Battery 5
A
a
a
0
C
0
• S
a
5
a
0
4 5
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 1976

-------
85
0 0
0
U,
(U
z
z
U.’
>
0
— CS door leak
— PS door leak
— PS chuck door leak
— PS both doors leak
- PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
75
65
61
55
5 ’
46
0 0
a
o a
0
0
U
a
0
0
A ฐ
0
0
7 8 9 10 11 12 I 2 3
AM PM
Fgure 86.
Door Leak Data
aattery S
81
a
a
0 0 0
A
A
00
A
71
II
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
uu..uIIuII
0
0
A
4 5
Decer ber 1, 1976 U5S Fairfield Works

-------
45 —
4) -
• 0 0 0 0
-
35 —
31— o
- A 0
— 0
25 —
4 / )
uJ
— . . 0
D -
z
21- o •
z
UJ - A
>
0 -
- 0 0
is.
11—
— 0
A
o - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak —
O - PS chuck roor leak
5—
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS door blocked from vie ’
- CS doors blocked from view — 0
A - charge completion time —
- _ _ __
7 8 9 tO 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 87. Door Lecik Dcita
Battery 6
December 1, 1976 USSC Fairfield Works

-------
85
A
0 0
(I )
uJ
z
z
U i
>
0
CS door leak
PS door leak
PS chuck door leak
PS both doors leak
PS doors blocfred from vi w
CS doors blocked from vie i
charge completion time
81
75
65
61
55
51
46
7 8 9 10 Ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM P R
Figure 88.
B attery 6
Door Leak Da o
December i, 1976 us C Fairfield Works
A
0
A
0
A
0
A
0
00
0
0
0
A
4
0-
0-
0-
IuuI••,uuI —
0

-------
43 —
1
9
A 0
23
(I , 00 0
‘U
z
21
z a
uJ
> 0
o A
A
13—
A ฐ
0
111
o -CSdoorleak 0
o — PS door leak
o - PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak o
- PS doors blocked from vie i —
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time •
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
PM
Figure 89. Door Leak Data
aattery 5
December 2,1976 LJSSC Fairfield Works

-------
‘U
z
z
U ,
>
0
85
75
65
61
55
51
o
— CS
door
leak
- PS
door
leak
o — PS
chuck
door leak
m - PS
both
doors leak
- PS
doors
blocked from
view
- CS
doors
blocked from
view
A - charge c
ompletion time
46
03
0
0
0
a
A
00
03 0
A
A
A
7 0 9 10 11 12 I 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure
90. Door ILeak Data
aattery 5
00
0
0
A
0 0
0
0 0
A
0
0
00
December 2, 1976 USSC Fairfield Works

-------
45—
— I
41
- 0
0
35 -
- 0
31—
- 0
- 0
- 0
25 -
1’) 0
U i
a
-
z
21- o 0 0
z
Ui -
>
0 -
- 0
15—
- 00
11—
• - CS door leak —
O-PSdoorleak
O - PS chuck door leak
5
- PS both doors leak
_____ 0
______ - PS doors blocked from view
urn.,..., — CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
0 at)
1—
7 8 9 10 ii 12 1 2 3
AM PM
Figure 91. Doar Leak Da1 c2
Battery 6
IJSSC Fairfield Works December 2, 1976

-------
75
71
U ,
uJ
D
2
6
61
55
o - CS door leak
o - PS door leak 51
o — PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
_ _ _ _ _ _ - PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time 46
7 9 10 i i 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 92. Doar Leak Dat-a
Battery if
ussc Fairfield Works December 2. 1976
0
85
81
0 5 0
e
0
0 0
A
0
2
0
0
0

-------
so A 0
1 0 0 0 0 0
A
35
A ฐ
0 0 0 0 0 0
31 A
25
U,
0 0 S
‘U
z
21
z
‘U
>
0
15 0
11
• - CS door leak
o - PS door leak
e
a - PS chuck door leak _ A
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view
S
- CS doors blocked from view A
- charge completion time
7 C 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 93. D a ILecrk Dc -c
a ttery E
USSC Fairfield Works December 3 1976

-------
0
0
0
A
GO 0 0
0
0
0 0 0
I !)
c c
LU
z
z
LU
>
0
0’
o — CS door leak
o — PS door leak
- PS cnuck door leak
• - PS both doors leak
______ — PS doors blocked from view
— CS doors blocked from view
o — charge completion tie
9 Jo 11 12 I 2 3 4 5
PM
Figure 94. Door teak DaFa
aattery 5
0
0
85
75
71
65
61
35
51
46
ฃ
Aฐ II
0
0
A
0 A
0
c i
0
A
0
7 8
USSC Fairfield Works Decem r 3 1976

-------
45
o 0
0
• 0
li i
•
06 j
o
I-
0
0
- CS door leak
- PS door leak
— PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
- PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
Figure 95.
9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Docr ฃ.eck Dcitcx
Battery 6
0
II
0 0 0
41
35
31
25
21
0 0
.
I ’ ,
‘U
z
z
‘U
>
0
0 0 0
00
0
0
0
a
I
L .
,u,uuuu,tI
S
S
0
7 8
USSC Fairfield Works
December 3. 1976

-------
85
- I
0
0
- 0
75
• 0
71—
U)
uJ
65
- 0
55 -
- Do
o - CS door leak 1
o - PS door leak 51 — o
o PS chuck door leak J
- PS both doors leak
______ — PS doors blocked from view —
•iuuu,u - CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time 46
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Fgure 96. Doar teak Dcx -a
B-att-er-y &
tissc Fairfield Works December 3 1976

-------
A 0
.100
41-f
- A
- 0 0
A 0 0
35- 0 0
- 0
- A 0
- 0
31-
- 0 0
25 —
U,
Lu
— A. O
z
2t —
z
Lu -
>
0 -
— 0
15—
11—
— A
— 00 0 0
• - CS door leak
o - PS door leak
o - PS chuck door leak — A
a - PS both doors leak —
______ - PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view 0 0
- charge completion time —
-
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
AM PM
Figure 97. Door Lectk E cx1-c
a&ttery 5
USSC Fairfield Works Dec rrTbe r 4, 1976

-------
85I
0 0
81 ii
0
A 0
71 0
U)
‘U
— 0
A
D
z
0
65 A
z
‘U 0
I
6 1 A!
55 A 0
:
o - CS door leak I
51 —,i
o — PS door leak
o — PS chuck door leak 1
— PS both doors leak
______ — PS doors blocked from view
0
— CS doors blocked from view
A - charye completion time
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4
AM PM
Figure 98. Door ฃeak Data
Battary
USSC Fairfieici Works Oeaernber 4, 1976

-------
45
A
Do
o 0
0-
31—ar 0 • 0
U)
‘U
D
z
z
‘U
>
0
- CS door leak
— PS door leak
— PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
— PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
— chary completion time
15
11
0 0
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
Hgure 99. Door Leak DaFcx
Battery 9
USSC Fairfield Works
PM
41
0
35
00 00 0
25
21
0
00
03 0
0
0
0
0
C
li ii, . I S II
A
*
0
S
0
AM
Decerribe r 4. 1976

-------
85
75
65
55
U,
‘U
z
z
‘U
>
0
• - CS door leak
o - PS door leak
o - PS chuck door leak
— PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view
s,,usiu..i — CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time
7 8 9 10 1) 12 ) 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 100. Doa r t.ecrk Data
Battery 9
0
U
a
0
0
0
USSC Fairheld Works DecerTTb t- 4, 1976

-------
45 —
- A 0
41 —
- A
35 —
31- A
- Co
— A
25 -
U,
uJ
z
21 —
z
uJ -
>
0 -
15—
- 0
11—
0
o - CS door leak
o - PS door leak —
o - PS chuck door leak —
- PS both doors leak
cr - PS doors blocked from view — A
- CS doors blocked from view —
A - charge completion time —
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
AM Pu
Figure 101. Door Leak
Eat-tery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 6 1976

-------
85—
81—
0
J A
0
75
S
71
LU
z
65
z
‘U Aฐ
>
0
a
61 1
0
A
1.
55
• - Cs door leak 51
o - PS door leak
0 — PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak —
- PS doors blocked from view
iiu,u 111 , - CS doors blocked from view
A — char 9 e Completion time 46—
7 8 9 10 11 12 I 2 3
AM PM
Figure 102. Doar Leak Data
Battery 6
LISSC Fairfield Works December 6. 1976

-------
45 —
0 0 0
- 0
35 -
31 —
25 —
‘U
z
21 -
z
LU -
>
0
- H
13 —
11—0 0
o - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak
- PS chuck door leak 5 —
- PS both doors leak —
______ - PS doors blocked from view —
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time — o
- ___ _____
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AlA PM
Figure 103, Doar Lecxk Datct
Battery 9
USSC Fairfield Works Decer,’Tber 6, 1976

-------
85—
81—
75 —
71—
U)
U.’
D
z
65 e
z
U,
>
0
61 0
55 00
• - CS door leak
o — PS door leak
a - PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view
— CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time

7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 104. Door Leak Data
Battery 9
USSC Fairfield Works December 6, 1976

-------
45
— ฃ
41 —
• A
35
- A ฐ
31-
25 —
U,
U,
z
21- A • 0 0
z
U I -
>
0 -
15- A
- :A
11 A 0
• - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak
- PS chuck door leak — —
- PS both doors leak —
______ - PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view —
- charge completion time —
1 - ____ _____
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 3
AM PM
Figure 105. Doar Leak DcrFcx
Eatt-ery 6
USSC Fairfield Works Oecerrrber 7 1976

-------
85
75
65
55
46
A
:A
0 0 0 A
I ,,
tu
z
z
uJ
>
0
- CS door leak
- PS door leak
- PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
- PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
A M
Figure 106. Door Leak Dal-ci
Battery
USSC Fairfield Works Dec ryTb r 71976
A
A
0
7
A
0 0 lb
A
PM

-------
45
(I)
(U
z
z
(U
>
0
- CS door leak
- PS door leak
- PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
- PS doors blocked from view
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time
41
31
25
21
15
11
5
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4
AM PM
Figure 107. Door Leak Data
Battery 9
35
0
0 0
00
0
0
0
,u,IuIuuII
USSC Fairfie’d Works December 7 1976

-------
85
81
75
71—
uJ
651
z
z
uJ
>
I
0
61fl
55 11
o — CS door leak
- Cs doors blocked from view j
o — PS door leak
o - PS chuck door leak
• - PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
7 8 9 10 I I 12 I 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 108. Docir Leak Data
Battery 9
USSC Fau-fio ld Works
December /, 1976

-------
45—
o :
41 —
- 0
- AOC Q 0 0 O
35 —
o :
31 —
25-
___ A
o - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak —
o - PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view — A
- CS doors blocked from view j
- charge completion time J A
—
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 4 5
AM PM
Figure 109 Doar Leak DaFa
Battery 6
USSC FaIs-f eId Works December 8, 1976

-------
85 A
Ca
— A
81 —n 0 C a a
A 0
A 0
71
0
U,
‘U
z
65 0
0 0 a
A
.55 —
A 00
o - CS door leak 51—
o -PSdoor leak
o - PS chuck door leak —
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view J
iis.,.,.s - CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time 461 ______
-r =
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 110. Doar Leak Data
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
15 —
L
35 -
31..
0 if
25 -
I , )
lu
D -
z
2) —
Z
UJ - : 0 0
>
0 -
- 0 Q S
—
— 0
11—
- 0
o - CS door leak —
o - PS door leak —
o - PS chuck door leak
5—
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view —
“u.s - CS doors blocked from view —
- charge completion time —
- ,..
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 111. Door Leak Dofa
Battery 9
USSc Fairfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
85
81
75
71
65
I d )
IL l
z
z
uJ
>
0
55
• — CS door leak
o - PS door leak
o - PS chuck door leak
- PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from v1e i
u. s , , , , . , - CS doors blocked from vie i
A - charge completion time 46
7 8 9 10 ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 112. Door Leok D ata
Battery 9
0
0 0
0
o
0 0
II
51
USSC Fatrfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
45
A
41 A
A 0
35 —
— 0 0 0
A
A
25
0 0 0 • o
C CO 0 0 00 00 0
z
2I— A
Z
LU
>
0 A 0
— A 0
15— 0 0
A
- 0
A 0
• — CS door leak
o - PS door leak —
0 - PS chuck door leak A
o - PS both doors leak
______ - PS doors blocked from view —
- CS doors blocked from view
- charge completion time
1 _____________
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 113. Doar Leak Dcrlcz
Battery 5
USSC Fa,rf oId Works December 9, 1976

-------
85-
• 0
81— A
— 0 0 c i 0 c i ci
- A 0
75-
- 0 00 0 00 0 0
- 0 ‘
71— A
— 0 U 0
tu
D -
z
65- 0 0
z
- 00
>
0 - 0 A
61— A
- A
55 -
• - Cs door leak —
o - PS door leak 0
o - PS chuck door leak 51—
- PS both doors leak —
______ - PS doors blocked from view
— CS doors blocked from view —
— charge completion time —
46—
-
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 5
AM PM
Figure 114. Door Leak Data
Rattery 5
USSC Fairfield Works December 9, 1976

-------
43 —
0
0
41 —
- 0
- ou U
- 0
- 00
35 —
31— 0
25 —
U,
‘U
21- CU
— eo
15 —
11—
- - 0
• —CSdoorleak — 0
o -PSdoorleak —
o — PS chuck door leak
— PS both doors leak 5 —
______ - PS doors blocked from view —
— CS doors blocked from view
— charge completion time
- ,
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 115. Door Lecik Dcri-cx
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 9, 1976

-------
85-
- 0
- 0
8I—
— 0 0
0 0
75 —
- 0
7)-
0
uJ
6:1.. 0 0 0
o — CS door leak
o - PS door leak 5 ). .. . 0
o - PS chuck door leak _ 0
— PS both doors leak
______ — PS doors blocked from vies. -
— CS doors blocked from view o
- charge completion time
T r rri ’
7 8 9 10 Ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 116. Door Leak t crfa
Batt-ery
USSC FaIrfIe’d Works December 9, 1976

-------
45
•A.Q 0
0•
o
.A ,O
••• e
.s
•O d o
A
25
U,
‘U
z
z
U’
>
0
13
11
o — total offtake leak
• — significant offtake leak
— lid leak
• — standpipe cap luting
— lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
— charge completion time
‘ 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 s
AM PM
Figure 117. Topside leak Data
t attery 5
•
A
0
41
35
31
0 • -
0 . 0
0
0
0
21
• . 0
0 0
0•
0
7 8
USSC Fairfield Works November 30. 1976

-------
85
U,
‘U
z
z
uJ
>
0
o - total offtake leak
• — significant offtake leak
- lid leak
• — standpipe cap luting
I lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
A - charge completion time
75
71
65
61
5 .5
51
46
o 0 • U
A
o U U
• • 0 c
0
CU 0
0
o AC
12 1 2 3
PM
Figure fl8. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works November 30, 1976
0 0 0
0
81
•A
0
•
0•
0
U
a
7 8 9 ID 11
AM
4 5

-------
45
41— 0
. I.
- A
0 6..
- 0
31 —
- . 0
. .
.. 0
A
‘I)
-
z
21 —
— .. 0
>
0 - 0
15— . J ••
11—
. . 0 •
A
o — total offtake leak —
o — significant offtake leak —
— lid leak —
• — standpipe cap luting — S
lid luting (except
imrnediate y following charge)
— charge completion time 0
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 s
AM
Figure 119. Topside Leak Data
aattery &
USSC Fairfield Works December 1, 1976

-------
85
A 0
81
0
A
75 —
- , .o 0.
71-
.0
(I )
U i
z
65-
z
Ui -
>
0 -
61-
- ‘A 0
55-
o - total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
— lid leak
• — Standpipe cap luting 0
— lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
— charge completion time • • • 0
46— 0
7 8 p 10 ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 120. Topside Leak Data
Battery
USSC F 11rfie d Works December 1. 1976

-------
45 —
10 ii OI 0
I .0 0
41
•0
0
A
. 1 0
A
35
0
0. 0.
31
0
0.
4
25 0
U,
. I. .. . • •
uJ
J
0
z
21
z
U. .
>
0 0 0
0
S
U
15 0
0 . .
o• •o •
11 0
o - total offtake leak S
o — significant offtake leak — A
— lid leak —I 1’•
— standpipe cap luting .J
— lid luting (except
immediately following charge
charge completion time
1 __ __
AM
Figure 121. Topside leak Data
a tt ry S
USSC Fairfio d Works December 2, 1976

-------
85—
I
8) 0 0 0 O 0 0
.
0
0 • 0 0 U 0
.1.
1
U i
1
z -
65 0
z
U D
uJ
0
61 •1 • 0 0
55
o - total offtake leak
• — significant offtake leak .1 • 0
a
U — lid leak 51
• - standpipe cap luting • 0
lid luting (except
.0
immediately follo.ing charge)
- charge completion time . r.o
7 10 11 12 1 2 3 4
PM
AM
Figure 122. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works De(.ern bet 2, 1976

-------
35 -
31 —
25 —
‘ /)
‘U
z
21 —
z
tu —
>
0 -
15—
45 —
41 —
. I
A
o o•
Q.I.
A
0 0 0 0
0
0
Ii 0
• 0• 0 0
.AO
0
. . o .. 6 .
• A
o
o • 0
S •
o 0
.
0
,• 0 0
‘0
o
• 0
A ฐ
S
•0• O•
S •
0
11—
o - total offtake leak —
o — significant offtake leak —
U — lid leak —
• — staridpipe cap luting 5 —
- lid luting (except —
immediately follo. iny charge)
A — charge completion time —
AM
Figure 123. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works
- -———- l — —i — I I I I I I I
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
PM
December 3 1976

-------
85—
0 0
. SI
0 C
81 I
A
.0 0 0 0
A
0. 0’ 0
140 •0
75
.0
I A
0 0
0 0.
71
0 0
I . t1•0 0
uJ
‘ 0 0 0 0
z
65
z
I
uJ . 0 0
>
0 0 A
• S
61 0 •
0
0 0
55—
o 0
0 - total offtake leak
o - significant offtake leak — 0 • 0
lid leak 51 0
• - standpipe cap luting
to..
lid luting (except
inir”ediatelj follo nng charge)
charge completion time
46j L.o. 0 • 0 0
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 124. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works December 3, 1976

-------
45 I.
41
0
35 0 •10
Is I
A l ••O
31 S
I I ...
. I S
.
A
25 Os. •
U)
‘U
D
z
21
z
U i S... •
>
0 0
15 ••• . .0 • ..
• Os
- d
o — total offtake leak —
• — significant offtake leak .. .. • 0
• - lid leak J
• — standpipe cap luting
— lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
charge completion time
1 _ _ _
Hgure 125. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works Deccsmber 4, 197

-------
g o
85
81
.x 0
75
71 0’ 0.
(I ,
‘U St.
D
z
65
z
‘U 0
>
0 — ‘I . . ..
6)
0
55 $ . ...• U
— . 10
o - total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
51— ‘ •
lid leak
• - standpipe cap luting —
lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
— charge completion time
46
7 10 1) 12 1 2 3 4
AM PM
Figure 126, Topside Leak Data
Battery S
USSC Fau-fie j Works December 4, 1975

-------
45 —
- ‘A
SI.
41- A
— 0
0
- A
35—
• I.
A
31—
- 0
.1 •
- A
25 -
U)
— I • •
A
UJ
— 0
z .10.
21- A
z
uJ -
S
> 00 0
0 -
St..
A
15—
I.
—
I.
I0
11—
A
o — total offtake leak —
o — significant offtake leak — o
lid leak
• — standpipe cap luting 1
— lid luting (exceot
lrrmealately fo1lc nng charge)
- ch a rge comp 1 e ti on time I
7 8 9 10 11 12 I 2 3 4 5
PM
AM
Figure 127. Topside Leak Data
aattery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 6. 1976

-------
85
•tJ
0
81 —n
75
71—
l#)
4
0
z
65
z
w 0 0
I
oi3
S 0 •
0
55-s
I 0
A
o — total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
— lid leak 51
• - standpipe cap luting
— lid luting (except j
imrr.ediately following charge)
— charge completion time
46 —
7 8 9 tO 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 128. Topside Leak Data
Battery 6
USSC FajrfJe d Works December 6, 1976

-------
43
0
0
A 0.• 0
A 0 0
SI.
UA 0
0 0
o - total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
- lid leak
• — standpipe cap lutiny
- lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
- charge completion time
7 8 9 10 Ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 129. Topside Leak Data
attery 6
41
35
U .4.
U 4.0
31
OSIA
25
U)
U i
z
z
U i
>
0
0
15
11
. . 0 0
5
USSC Fairfield Works December 7, 1976

-------
85—
- 0 •0 0
81— • I
- 0 • 0
75 -
— e • •
71— .1
U,
IL l
D —
z
65 -
z
I L l -
>
ฐ -
55 —
o - total offtake leak —
o — significant offtake leak
- lid leak —
• — standpipe cap luting
I - lid luting (except —
imnediately folloiiing charge) —
charge cocnp1et on time
-
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 5
AM PM
Figure 130. Topside leak Data
6 attery 6
USSC FaJrf eId Works December 7, 1976

-------
43
0 0
0
0
0
0
0.
ii 0
A
0
•. I
A
‘I ,
‘U
D
z
21
z
uJ
>
0
15
o - total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
U — lid leak
• - standpipe cap luting
- lid luting (e. cepc
immediately following charge)
— charge coripletion time
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 131. Topside Leak Data
Battery 6
0
0
I
A
0 I
0 • I
41
35
31
25
0 0
I
U
I 0
0
0
11
‘A
I
•0.
. I
S
USSC Fatrfuc ็j Works December 8, 1976

-------
as o o o.
A
81 —•
I I 0
0
75 L o 0
2!
7)
U)
l U
z
65 I 0
z
‘U
>
0
Jo
61 0 0 0
55
o - total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
• — lid lea 51
• — Standpipe cap luting ..... 0
— lid luting (except
1n redi tely following charge
II S
charge completion time
46
7 $ P 10 1) 12 I 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 132. Topside Leak Data
Battery 6
USSC Fairfield Works December 8, 1976

-------
45
0 0
A
35
0 A
0
31
ss 0
25
‘Li
us
A
z
21 I I
U.’
>
0 — o o p o
B f C
15
SAP
11 0
o - total offtake leak D 5 I0
• — significant offtake leak U
lid leak s b 1 c 5
• — standp lpe cap luting —
lid luting (except
immediately following charge) 0 0 U0 B U
- charge conpletion time A’
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4
AM PM
Figure 133. Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSC Fairfield Works December 9 1976

-------
85
0 0
81
S
0.
75
‘I . . 0 0
71—
U)
uJ
‘A’ 0’
z
65 0
z
U. ’
• .0
>
0 A
0
61
0 0
‘A
‘A
o - total offtake leak 55]
• — significant offtake leak .1.
lid leak
• — standpipe cap luting
lid luting (except
iniTediately foflo.i ing charc )
- charge completion time 46—1 0
7 8 9 10 ii 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 134.Topside Leak Data
Battery 5
USSc F irfieId Works December 9, 1976

-------
45
41
35
31
25
‘ I.
•1 0 0
0 0
.1
‘I )
‘U
z
21
z
‘U
>
0
15
11
o total offtake leak
o — significant offtake leak
— lid leak
• - standpipe cap luting
— lid luting (except
immediately following charge)
— charge completion time
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3
A /A
Figure 135. Topside Leak Data
aat-tery 6
. 5.
U .1 0
0 0
mis. . S
0 • • • 0
.
I I.
0•.
I.
5
.0
0
PM
USSC Fairfield Works December 9 1976

-------
85
81
75
65
55
5 1
46
‘I 0
0
• 1
.3
oi e
U,
uJ
c 3
D
z
z
U’
>
0
o - total offtake leak
O — significant offtake leak
• - lid leak
• — standpipe cap luting
- lid luting (except
immediately folic sing charae)
- charge completion time
7 8 p 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5
AM PM
Figure 136. Topside Leak Data
Battery 6
.10 0.
0
0.
0
0 .1
S
SI
Os
a.
.1
0
USSC Fairfield Works December 9 1973

-------
600.
?50O
(1
0 0
2400. — — — — — — —. — — — T T
2300 —
L&J
=
-u
2200-
=
-J
U-
PS.——
2100. CS
2000
I I I
11-30 12-1 12-2 12-3 12-4 12-5 12-6 12-7 12-8 12_i
DATE
USSC Fairfield t orks
Battery 5
Average Oven hi) Flue Teeipera tures
2600 —
2500_
— — D 0 0
—— — A A A
I T
24O0 A .4 A
U-
2300
=
L.J
u - i
u - 2200
=
-J
U-
PS
2100 CS —
2000
• I I
Il-3D 12-I 12-2 12-3 12-4 12-5 12-6 12-7 12-B 12-9
DATE
LJSSC Fairfield tiorks
Battery 6
Figure 137 Average Oven Wall Flue Temperature USSC Fairfield Works

-------
Appendix D
Tables

-------
Table 7
PEA 4YD CdANNEL HEIG1 ’2’S
1Jssc ‘Af ?IEL,’ .vQ’ 5
Date
Dec
Battery!
Oven
Typem
Port
cm
1
in
leasur
Port e2
cm in
ementb
Port
cm
‘3
in
Port ‘4
cm in
1
6/69
P
C
99

39
107 42
—
-
135
-
124 49
2
5/24
P
C
99
-
39
—
117 46
-
-
145
53
-
— -
114 45
3
5/58
5/83
P
C
P
C
97
155
112
165
38
61
44
65
107 42
155 61
135 53 d
170 67
—
150

150
57
-
59
-
— -
124 49
147 58
124 49
4
5/35
P
C
97
147
38
58
109 43
145 57
-
147
59
-
145 57
119 47
5/69
P
C
97
155
38
61
107 42
155 61
-
152
-
150 59
122 48
6
6/74
P
C
99
160
39
63
117 46
157 62
-
155
-
61
150 59
122 48
6/46
p
C
9
157
39
62
112 44
152 60
-
150
-
150 59
119 47
6/71
P
C
102
160
40
63
109 43
160 63
-
150
-
59
150 59
119 47
7
6/17
P
C
119
147
47
58
127 50
155 61
-
157
-
150 59
127 50
8
6/17
P
C
104
165
41
65
107 42
178 70
-
145
62
-
57
152 60
112 44
9
6/44
p
C
170
39
67
119 47
170 67
-
165
-
65
59
122 48
5/51
P
C
94
163
37
64
122 48
173 68
-
152
-
60
152 60
109 43
152 60
a P = peak he g ’t measurement, C = channel heiaht measurement .
b ‘leasared d stwzce from top of oven castz.ag to coal peak or levelled
coal ltne Distance from top of oven castvng to oven roof line
(i ns .de) is 117 cm (46 in). feasurements <117 cm (46 z ,n) indicate
peaking above the roof line into charge port openinG. A desired
free space distance of 30 cm (12 in) woAld require a measurement
of 14? cm (58 in) or greater.
c - inaz ,cates no data
d ‘lay have been recorded tncorreccly, may be 109 c ’s (43 7 ,.n).
D- 1

-------
TabZ-c 2
CHARGING TIME DATA
USSC FAIRPIECD WORKS
BATTERY 5 - November 30. 1976
31
5
6
T
81
3
n
4--
5
6 1
PROCESS
OPERATIONS
I
OVENS
‘
Fill larry car
at coal bunker
-
a
-
453 a
- --
- — — - MIN.SEC
1:39 1:07 1.04
- -
7
--
47 -
I
Clean bootsb
1 55
——
1:53 3.45
1:53
0:22 2:47
1:18
1.21
158
—-- ------ ---—--
118 1:42
a 1:29 1:24 1:15 a
1 22
1 3 1 16
-
T!56 1.32
-
love car to oven
1.40
8.57
3:18 5.21
and seats
a
1.00
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
5.58
1:35
2:56
0:40
2:10
0:59
2:15
0:52
2.39 2:07
1:00 0:34
5:20
0.35
1 50
028
1:16 1:53
0.27 0:31
1 16
0:13
1:08
PAlnspection
a
0:22
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
lose and lute
1 e PP
turn on steam
a
0:30

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
0:49
a
1:07
a
0:32
a
1:18
a
0:39
a
0:26
a
1:05
a
0:42
a
0.30
Spot car on oven 4
/
rop sleeves
d #1
:hargecoal—
#4
to oven
#2

Raise sleeves
Return larry car
to bunker
Overall time laps
a
1 50
a
2:20
a
138
a
0:59
a
1:00
a
0.54
a
054
1:34
a
0 55
a
a
a
0:46
0 44
034
a
0 21
a
041
042
a 048
2 O5
2 20
220
—
2 17
057
1:19
040
—
1:06
0:32
1:19
0:36
1.21
3 15
119
1:19
1:02
156
0.53
—.-——--___-_—.. -....-..—-.---...--....-.
1 21
0:56
1.22
0:49
1:09
0:44
0 54
i•i
i oc
0 56
—
0.56
—
0 57 0:53
—
2 35
034
0:44
117
1 23
128
j...12
L. .2J
.J..i
135 1 55
a a
0:30 a
a i37 22
057
a
3.26
1119
1:10 1:08 1:25
0.52 1:50 1:40
a a 139
13.45 27:50 13.09
2:28
1:42
1:50
15.45
44
1:50
1:21
12:26
L03
1.38
1.04
039
049
1:53
1:12
049
07
1:48
6:28
037
1:28
1:40
0:59
041 036
055 02
1 43 2:18
0:48 1:21
I
1.24
0 1
2:10
1:04
. . .Q.j
1 14
1:29
1:25
JJ47
09
1 35
1 34
J Q
JJ5
0:32
J Q7
10
0.37 0:38
102 1.26
J• 1:48
1:11 1:28
0.41
0.56
2:05
0.46_—
—
3’
Llc
37
- --
2
00

-------
Table 2 (Continued)
C/IA 1/Cl NC TIML’ PA lA
US9C PA IRPIELD WORKS
BA T TERY 5 - December 3, 1976
c-k)
Ov C US
PROCESS
OPERATIONS
—— - —
46 8 181 28 38 78 .._j 11 ._J
Fill larry car
at coal bunker
0:52
1:13
107
1:29
1.02
MIN SEC
7:28 1:08
1:14
2:28
1.45
1:O
1 07
057
0.5
Clean bootsb
dove car to oven
214
2:36
416
a
a
a
2:18
1:12
3:02
1.16
108
1:15
1 19
a
lean gooseneck,
standpipe Cap,
and seats
031
0:38
0:34
0 50
a
a
0:16
0:18
a
0:16
0:35
0 20
0 20
a
PA Inspectiona
lose and lute
standpipe cap,
damper oven,
turn on steam
0:23
0:30
.

0:41
0:46
0.16
a
0:55
0:23
a
0:28
0:13
0:26
0:45
0:57
Spot car on oven 8
I
rop sleeves
d,g 1
Charge-coal —
4
tooven —
#2
3
a
1 23
1:13 a 0 14
1.13 109 1 06
—
2 33 1:54 2:15
1 00
1 39
—
a 1:30 a a 057 0.58 1 13 1 O4 123
1 06 1 40 103 1 07 1 07 1.05 1 03 1.07 1 01
228 3:07 237 215 2:22 2:39 2 44 2.15 230
0:43 1:17 0 48 O 48 0:41 0 43 1 16 0 48 0 49
2.42
3 00
0:45
101
———
050
0.41
0.46
1:03
1.03
1 39
1.06
1 10
102
1.28
1 23
228
2:14
1 32
i O
118
1 14
Raise sleeves
1:37
1 42
1.42
a
1:33
1:40
1:37
a
1:41
1:43
1.54 141
139 1.23
Return larry car
to bunker 0.35
Overall time laps 1348
055
2508
5 02
22 20
l 24
13:41
0 32
11 02
441

0:44
13.41
a
1400
1:51
3066
3:45
15:38
0:27 122 149 2.08
11 34 I _13 57 13.14
•

-------
Table 2 (Continl4cd)
C/IA RGING TI/fE DATA
USSC FAIRFIELD WORES
BATTERY 6 — December 6, 1976
fl ,rMC
PROCESS
OPERATIONS
26
36
4€
56
661 761
6€
7R
(11
31
— — — 21 4] —
car
rui,j Cr —
bunker 1:10
boots
3 20
..2.
.1 .L5
j.J .
J .j1_O 1:15 1:10 ...2 Q ._JJI5 jQo —
.A.QP 1 Q 1 J... D ...L.4.5 .L JLAI —
11 1:25 0.30 1:00 140 0 50 037
h
0.20 0:35 2:40 0:45 0:45 0.55 033
-
to oven 1:30
0.39
0.45
205
1-35
130
gooseneck,
cap, h
seats 4:55
Inspection 005
0:46
0.18
1:20
0:15
0:48
0:05
0.53
0.32
0.15
0:55
0:30
lute
cap,
oven, 033
steam
0:40
.
0:40
0:35
0:30
0:30
0:10
0:25
0.10 0:10
0:20 0:20
0:10
0:30
0:13
0:32
0.10
h
2:05
0:15
0.55
on oven 0.12
0 12
0:13
0-10
0.10
0:15
1 O5
sleeves 0.40
1:05
—
#4
—
1.15
#3 0:50
0.45
2:15
—
0.52
2.33
0 35
220
—
0.45
2.25
0 25
245
a
2.40
—
jj_0
025
1:35
—
Q jQ
0.25
0:15
0:20
2:10
—
0:10
030
2 10
—
045
1 45
2 h 30
115
—
—
1:25
125
—
—
0 45 0.37 0.40
1:35
5 22
2:08
1 50
a
0-40
0:55
0:35
050
0-30
035
040
sleeves 3:50
2:04
1:43
142
2:28
a
1 30
1 50
2:05
1.30 1-40
1 50 100
larry car
1:15 1:16 1:55 0.55
time laps 20-40 17-25
a
a
a
1:40
2:25
1-40
1:10
123
027
1:25
1:00
1:50
105
j..j 0
0.40
j. Q
1.55

-------
Table 2 (Con tvnued)
CHARGiNG TIME DATA
L/SSC FAIRPIE1 D WORKS
BATTERY 6 - December 8, 1976
PROCESS
OPERATIONS
,_
— 1IIN.SEC —
07 17 27 37 47
Fill larry car
at coal bunker
1:30
1:25
a
a
a
57
a
67
a
a
09
a
.. . . . .2
a
Clean boots
a
a
a
a
a a a a a -
k
0:45 055 1 10 020
•
love car to oven
1:30
h
2 03
0.35
040
0:40
lean gooseneck,
standpipe cap,
and seats
0:40
O:3
0:30
0:35
0:30
015
0:15
040
100
0:15
:PA Inspection
0. 10
0.10
a
0i0
0.10
0:10
o-io
0 10
0.10
;lose and lute
standpipe cap,
damper oven,
turn on steam
0:37
050
0.43
0.43
h
200
0:15
0:10
0-23
0:48
oio
0 28
;pot car on oven
rop sleeves
f
:harge-coal —
#4
tooven —
#2
#3
a
j
1-33
h2 30
0.15 012
0 35 0 45
138 205
0:17 a
035 0 40
2 8 238
010 0.13
010 0 27
1:30 135
0:12 0.12
025 030
1:53 145
010
0-37
132
0-30
037
0-35
042
———————--———-.——-
032
0-25
—
1. uu 535 215 3O 120
1-40 103 j j 130
.Q.J Q
1:15 ‘ฐฐ QZ 11 lla
Raise sleeves
Return larry car
to bunker
0-25
0 47
1.07
0.40
0-55
1-35
050
j Q
1-22
j
2:13
Q
0 23
J
0 25
Overall time laps
12 05
15 30 10.15
9 30
10 55
7 20
8 17
12 23
953
810
01

-------
Table 2
CHARGING TIME DATA
USSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
FOOTNOTES
a Data not obtained
b Included in time to fill larry car when it was done
c R้supplied with lute
d Actual time of coal flow from each hopper is shown. Time to
switch from one hopper to the next one (usually a few seconds)
is not shown.
e For the charges of ovens 31—65, hoppers 1 and 4 were discharged
simultaneously. For the charges of ovens 85-47, hoppers 2 and
4 were discharged separately without overlap.
f Long wait for push
g Hoppers 2 and 4 were discharged separately without overlap
Ii Includes a waiting period preceding the event
i Total time over which hoppers 1 and 4 were discharged
j Includes time to “spot car on oven.”
k Includes time to lute a standpipe cap

-------
ThYic A
CO IT, A
LW9C I I i / i TT! LI) WO?r
1/8 ,ne6h, thcrcfoi’c coni’ci’tccf
f — iIi’IL( 01 , ‘10 ( Otm
9 larL’nJfi c izt cool Ov plc ‘oi icetod for anc 1 1/ ’ a.
h AO rc; iar c’iI, prcbablc rccorIz,ng error by analyst.

-------
D-8
Table 4
STE 1’! P .?SSUREa
Ussc FAra ’I :J U0PYS
Hour Date (1976)
of Nov 30 Dec.1 Dec.2 Dec.3 Dec 4 Dec.5 Dec.6 Dec.7 Dec.8 Dec.9
Day
Battery S
a .m.
7-8 b 125 125 125 125 120 125 125 125 125
8-9 125 125 125 125 125 120 125 120 125 125
9-10 125 125 125 120 125 120 125 120 125 125
10-11 125 125 125 125 120 120 120 120 125 125
11-12 125 125 125 120 120 125 120 120 125 125
p m.
12-1 125 125 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 120
1-2 125 125 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 125
2-3 125 125 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 120
3-4 125 125 125 120 125 120 120 120 125 120
4-5 125 125 125 125 120 120 120 120 125 120
Battery 6
a m.
7-8 t 120 140 140 140 140 140 130 125 130
8-9 120 125 140 140 140 140 130 125 130
9-10 120 120 140 140 140 140 130 125 130
10-11 120 120 140 140 140 140 130 130 130
11-12 120 120 140 140 140 140 130 125 125
p.m.
12-1 120 120 140 140 140 145 130 125 125
1-2 120 120 140 140 140 145 130 125 125
2-3 120 120 140 140 140 140 130 125 125
3-4 120 120 140 140 140 140 130 125 125
4—5 120 120 120 140 140 145 140 130 125 125
a S r eaSLtred by a steczn gauge wz.ta recorder downstream from tne regulavor
tn lb/sq. inch (psi) to nearest S psi.
b Eauwrent malfunati.on; no data recorded.

-------
/17
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF ENFORCEMENT
NATIONAL ENFORCEMENT INVESTIGATIONS CENTER
BUILDING 53, BOX 25227, DENVER FEDERAL CENTER
DENVER, COLORADO 80225
See Below DATE December 19, 1977
FROM Assistant Director, Technical Programs
SUBJECT Report on Coke Battery Survey, USSC Fairfield Works, Fairfield, Alabama
A copy of the subject report is enclosed. This report summarizes
the visible emissions data for charging, door leaks, topside leaks, and
pushing on selected coke batteries at the USSC Fairfield Works.
Should you have any questions, please contact us.
End.
cc: Andrew Trenholm, OAQPS, RIP, NC
Jajjj s 0. McDonald, Enf. Div., Region V
. rrry Kertcher, Region V
Paul Traina, Enf. Div., Region IV
Bruce P. Miller, Region IV
Jim Wilburn, Region IV
Stephen R. Wassersug, Enf. Div. Region III
Thomas J. Maslany, Region III
John R. Hepola, Region III
Richard O’Connell, Enf. Div., Region IX
Lois Green, Regior IX
Kenneth Eng, Region II
Walter Mugden, Region II
Bernard Bloom, EPA, DSSE
Joe Hopkins, EPA, DSSE

-------
Taote 5
cOLC TG? PS ?5
US9C I’? ’IELJ ‘O ’S
Date (1976)
11-30
12-1
12-2
12-3
12—4
12-5
12-6
12-7
12-8
12-9
f orth/South
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
N
S
Ilour of Day Battery 5
am
7-8 b - 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8
g_g 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
9-10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 9 9 9 9 9
10-11 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 4 c 4 c g 9 9 9 9 9
11-12 9 9 9 9 9 9 910 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
pm
12-1 99 99 99 910 99 99 99 99 99 99
1-2 9 9 9 9 9 9 910 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
2-3 999999910999999999999
3-4 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
4-5 99 99 99 910 99 99 99 99 99 99
Battery 6
a m.
7-8 979898-- 989898989898
8-9 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8
9-10 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8
10-11 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8
11-12 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 9
pm
12-1 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 8
1-2 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 8 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 8 - 9
2-3 9 8 9 8 9 8 9 - 9 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 - 8
3-4 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 9
4-5 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 8
Battery 9
am
7-8 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8
8-9 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 -
9-10 8 9 8 8 8 8 - 8
10-11 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8
11-12 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
p.m.
12-1 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
1-2 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
2-3 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
3-4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
4-5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
a ,4s r’ coi’ded a at c ’osjo er ma : “ cc#’ r ne r.or h (ii) or
aoi h (S) dog ;ow e tn znz.ts of iniiir etcrs of dater oack Pressure to oarest
1 n.
b - ‘a cat s no data
c 4uerage .‘alue for enttre hour
D- 9

-------
D-1 0
Tc l 6
CO 4iIALYSES
USSC P4IR?IET D UOR S
Date
1976
Analyses 3
Battery
Turn
Sample
Location
Stabilityb
Volatile
Sulfur Matter
Net
Coking
%
Time
flov
30
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
46 0
46 7
43 3
0.68
0.80
0.84
-
-
—
-
Dec.
1
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
43 0
44.8
44.1
0.68
0.80
0.76
—
—
-
18 13
1839
18 26
Dec
2
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
42 9
43 6
34.3
0.79
0 86
0.85
0.45
0 50
0.48
17 49
18 05
17 57
Dec.
3
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
41 6
43.4
45 6
0.80
0.82
0.79
0.29
0 22
0 21
17 59
18 12
18 06
Dec.
4
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
46.3
45 1
42.9
0.84
0.82
0.81
1 50
0 68
0.92
18 55
18 16
18 36
Dec
6
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
42.3
45.6
45 6
0.88
0.89
0.84
0 83
0.86
0.59
17.27
17 32
17:30
Dec.
7
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
45 5
45 2
43.5
085
0 80
0.84
0.44
0 49
-
17 29
17 45
17 37
Dec
8
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
43.3
43 9
44 4
086
0 84
0.81
040
0 30
0 3D
17 10
17 21
17 16
Dec.
9
1
2
3
5
6
5,6
B
B
A,B,C
Wharf
Wharf
Wharfs
461
43.2
45.1
0.82
0 87
0.84
020
0 20
0.20
1754
17 51
17 52
o 3 .a
a
b ‘he s w?Z . y i.nd x is ti ’e of coke rer’ain.nc on a 1-i .n. 3crcen, en c’e co .3 LS
scrcenea af;cr tzu-ol%t’g (.45T! procedur . )
C - z .navca es ‘o data
- .3 a’ a ’ ,s ccpr 7i a ::_i );— . 3)a’.y, ‘O J’? yo,mcs .te c atuots for oo v1
and 6, lo. 1 and 2 ere oer formed as reo . ess . a oy E?’ .

-------
Tc .clc 7
PUSHING PROCESS PA PA METERS
iJSSC PAI PIELD WORKS
D-11
Oven
No
Offtake
Opacitya
Coke Face
Appearanceb
Cold
SpOtsc
PS CS
Refractoryd
PS
S F
S
CS
F
Jamb
PS CS
Door
PS CS
Hr
Coking
Tune
Mm
0
15
30
45 60
BATTERY 5
DECEMBER 2, 1976
4 _e
14 20
24 30
54 50
64 -
74 -
84 -
16 -
26 -
36 20
46 20
56 20
66 40
76 10
8 30
18 35
38 -
58 100
68 0
78 -
28 100
1 20
11 60
21 -
46
56
66
76
8
18
28
38
48
58
68
7
11
21
31
51
61
13
33
43
53
63
73
83
5
15
25
- - - p p - -
O 0 0 OK OK - -
0 0 0 OK OK - -
40 40 40 p OK - -
- - - OK OK - -
- — — p - - -
: =
O 0 0 OK OK - -
O 0 0 w w - -
0 0 0 OK OK - -
0 0 0 - - - -
30’ lot lot - - - -
0 0 0 p p - -
o 0 0 - - - -
o 0 0 p OK - -
- - - p p - -
60 60 40 - - - -
o o 0 - - - -
30 20 5 W OK - -
OK OK OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK V OK
OK OK OK OK V OK
OK OK Y OK OK Y+
OK OK V OK OK OK
OK OK V OK V V
OK OK V OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK OK V
OK OK OK V OK OK
OK OK OK OK OK V
OK OK OK OK OK Y
OK OK OK OK V OK
OK OK V OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK OK V
OK OK OK OK OK V
OK V OK OK V OK
OK OK OK OK V OK
OK OK OK OK V V
OK OK OK OK UK V
(1K OK V V OK OK
OK OK Y V V OK
OK OK OK V OK V
- OK - OK - OK
18 05
17 59
18 03
18 09
17 57
18 10
17 02
17 55
15 25
18 22
18 16
18 16
17 56
17 55
17 49
17 54
17 50
17 55
18 03
15 07
18 01
18 15
18 10
18 01
17 51
17 45
18 04
18 02
a ‘r ert OsacLty Read at 15-second nterval
o 3 ‘so nc face, F = lamtn face, V = whole or cnctre face,
P = z’ a cc, 1? = no of r.e cao .
a Y = cold spots oacerved, OR no cold spots observad, ๗ - door replaced.
d Y = o”oP cn refracto”,j observed, OK = no broken refractory observed,
+ = “oor replaced.
- rieans /0 Dita
f Of ”t k ace 7qrv cd
y urn C, /;harc fore no data frori Corva’iy
Of
Of
40
0
0
Of
15
0
30’
100
Of
60
0
Of
16 55
16 55
16 51
17 27
17 49
17 47
17 52
18 47
18 45
18 44
18 06
18 11
18 20
18 26
18 32
18 35
18 28
18 30
g
9
g
9
9
9
DECEMBER 3, 1976
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
-
-
-
-
-
P
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
100
10
0
0
0
p
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
-
-
-
-
-
P
OK
-
-
—
OK
-
V
OK
OK
20
20
0
0
0
w
P
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
V
20
0
0
0
0
W
P
NO
NO
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
22
20
0
0
0
P
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
20
5
0
0
0
W
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
-
-
-
-
-
P
P
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
Y
V
100
60
10
10
0
W
OK
-
-
V
OK
Y
OK
Y
OK
40
10
10
0
0
W
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
Y
Y
20
20
0
0
0
p
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
Y
-
-
-
-
-
W
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
40
20
20
20
20
W
P
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
40
0
0
0
0
W
OK
-
-
OK
OK
V
V
Y
OK
40
20
10
10
10
p
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
20
10
0
0
0
p
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
20
10
20
0
0
P
OK
-
-
OK
OK
V
V
OK
OK
-
-
-
-
-
P
OK
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
Y
OK
-
-
-
-
-
P
p
-
-
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
20
10
10
0
0
W
P
-
-
-
(1K
OK
OK
OK
OK
40
20
10
10
10
10
10
0
o
0
p
W
OK
OK
-
-
-
-
V
OK
V
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
-
-
-
—
—
P
P
—
-
-
OK
Y
V
OK
OK
100
20
20
-
20
10
20
-
0
0
0
-
0
0
0
-
0
0
0
-
W
W
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
-
-
-
-
-
-
‘1K
(1K
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
UK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
OK
V

-------
D—12 Ta 7 (C nti r ea)
PUSHIilG P ’OCESS P4 4 ETPSS
L/SSC P IR?IELD OR S
Oven
No
Offtake
a
Onacity
(,ike Faceb
Appearance
CO1dC
Spots
PS CS
Refractoryd
C
cking
PS
S F
CS
S F
Jamb
PS CS
Door
PS CS
Hr
T rre
Mn
0
15
30
45 60
1 _e
11 —
21 —
31 1
41 -
51 30
61 -
71 30
81 30
3 30
13 30
23 25
33 25
43 40
53 20
63 20
73 25
83 24
5 25
45 -
55 -
65 25
75 40
85 20
37 -
17 30
27 30
7 20
47 20
57 25
BATTERY 6, (Continued)
-
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK Y
V OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
V OK
OK V
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK V
OK OK
V OK
0 0
OK OK
(‘K OK
UK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
V OK
OK OK
OK OK
- OK - OK
V Y OK OK
OK V OK OK
OK OK V OK
V OK OK V
OK OK V OK
OK OK V OK
OK V OK V
OK V OK V
OK V OK OK
OK V OK OK
V V OK OK
OK OK OK OK
OK V OK V
V V OK OK
OK V OK V
OK V OK OK
OK V OK OK
O O
V V OK OK
OK V V OK
OK V OK OK
OK OK V OK
OK V OK V
OK V OK OK
OK V V OK
OK V OK OK
OK V V OK
17 26
17 32
17 24
17 24
17 31
17 30
17 26
17 28
17 32
17 39
17 47
17 39
17 35
17 35
17 33
17 32
17 29
17 27
17 27
17 22
17 19
17 29
17 39
23 36
17 38
17 41
17 41
17 41
17 50
17 43
DECEMBER 7, 1976
- - - - - - OK OK
- - - - OK OK V V
- - - - OK OK Y OK
- - - - P OK V OK
20 I - - OK OK OK OK
- - - - OK OK OK OK
20 20 I - OK OK P OK
20 I - - OK OK OK OK
I - - - OK OK P OK
15 I - - OK OK P OK
25 25 I - OK OK V OK
25 1 - - OK OK OK OK
25 1 - - OK OK V V
20 20 1 - OK OK V OK
20 1 - - OK OK OK OK
- - - - OK OK P OK
I — - - OK OK P OK
25 1 - - OK OK V V
- - - - OK OK OK OK
I - - OK OK P OK
30 30 30 I OK OK OK OK
20 I - - OK OK P OK
- - - - P OK V OK
30 21 I - OK OK OK OK
I - - - OK OK V OK
I - - - OK OK OK OK
20 I - - OK OK OK OK
I - - - OK OK V V
DECEMBER 8, 1976
75
-
-
-
-
-
- - - -
- -
-
-
-
-
17
42
85
-
—
-
-
-
OK
OK
P
P
-
(1K
-
V
-
OK
17
40
17
-
—
-
-
-
OK
OK
OK
W
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
17
45
27
-
—
-
-
-
OK
OK
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
Y
17
41
37
10
15
1
1
1
OK
OK
P
P
OK
OK
OK
V
V
OK
17
36
47
5
10
5
0
0
OK
OK
P
P
OK
OK
V
OK
OK
OK
17
52
57
0
0
0
0
0
OK
OK
W
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
18
00
67
5
10
1
0
0
OK
OK
P
p
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
OK
17
48
77
60
I
I
I
I
OK
OK
P
p
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
17
47
9
0
40
I
I
I
OK
OK
OK
W
OK
-
OK
V
OK
V
17
45
29
0
I
I
I
I
OK
-
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
OK
17
46
39
0
10
I
1
1
-
-
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
17
36
49
0
10
I
1
I
OK
OK
OK
W
OK
OK
OK
V
V
V
17
26
59
0
I
I
-
-
OK
OK
P
P
OK
OK
OK
V
V
OK
17
22
69
5
1
-
-
-
OK
OK
14
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
17
12
79
10
20
1
-
-
OK
OK
P
P
OK
OK
OK
V
V
OK
17
09
2
0
0
0
0
0
OK
OK
OK
W
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
17
11
12
10
5
I
-
-
V
OK
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
17
08
22
20
I
-
-
-
OK
OK
p
o
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
17
04
62
-
-
-
-
-
OK
OK
OK
W
V
OK
OK
OK
V
V
17
04
72
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
P
P
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
V
17
08

-------
Tavie 7 (C ’ti ’ j)
P T”E3S P I
IL5SC - I !P?IELD ORk’S
D-13
Oven
Io
a
Offtake Opacity
Coke Faceb
Appearance
COldC
Spots
PS CS
d
Refractory
Coking
S
PS CS
F S F
Jamb
PS CS
Door
PS CS
Tine
Hr
il in
0
15 30 45
60
13
e
- - -
P
BATTERY S (Continued)
OK OK
OK OK
Y
OK
21
11
DECE IBER 4, 1976
- - -
33
-
- - -
-
P
OK - -
OK OK
OK OK
OK
OK
18
11
43
-
- - -
-
H
OK H H
OK OK
OK OK
OK
V
18
20
53
30
0 10 5
0
W
OK - —
OK OK
V OK
OK
OK
18
ia
63
-
- - -
-
P
OK OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK
OK
18
19
73
20
0 0 0
0
P
OK - OK
Y OK
OK OK
OK
Y
18
17
83
30
30 10 0
0
P
OK OK OK
OK OK
V OK
Y
V
18
22
48
15
15 5 0
0
P
OK - -
Y OK
OK OK
OK
V
15
30
5
15
10 0 0
0
W
OK - -
OK OK
OK OK
V
OK
18
35
15
20
0 10 5
0
W
OK - -
V OK
OK OK
Y
-
18
37
25
20
0 0 0
0
W
OK - -
OK OK
OK OK
OK
V
18
43
35
5
0 0 0
0
OK
OK - -
OK OK
OK OK
V
Y
18
41
45
55
ipo
0
65 0 0
0 0 0
0
0
W
OK
OK - -
OK OK OK
V OK
V OK
OK OK
OK OK
V
OK
-
OK
18
18
40
43
65
75
-
20
- - -
Of 0 0
-
0
H
P
OK - -
P P P
V OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK
V
Y
OK
18
18
47
46
85
40
5 0 0
0
OK
OK - -
- OK
OK -
V
V
18
49
37
47
30
100
10 0 0
100 2O 10
0
0
P
w
OK - -
P - -
- OK
OK OK
OK -
V OK
OK
V
-
V
19
19
22
25
57
15
10 0 0
0
W
P P P
OK OK
OK OK
V
V
19
24
67
77
-
io
- - -
O 0 0
-
0
OK
W
OK - -
OK - —
- OK
- (1K
OK OK
- OK
V
OK
OK
01<
19
19
27
18
9
40
15 5 0
0
P
OK - —
OK OK
OK OK
OK
V
19
22
19
40
5 0 0
0
OK
UK - -
V OK
OK OK
Y
OK
18
58
29
50
20 20 0
0
p
OK W H
OK OK
V OK
V
OK
18
55
39
49
100
80
100 20 10
& S O
0
- O -
p
W
OK - —
OK - -
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
OK OK
V
V
OK
OK
18
18
57
51
59
-
- - -
•
W
W - —
OK OK
OK OK
OK
OK
18
16
69
40
- 0 0
0
p
OK P P
OK OK
OK OK
OK
V
18
36
79
10
0 0 0
0
W
P - -
- -
- -
V
V
BATTERY 6
14
24
34
44
54
64
74
84
6
16
26
36
46
56
66
76
8
58
68
11
21
31
41
W H - OK
P H OK OK
W H OK OK
W H OK OK
W P OK OK
P P OK OK
P W OK OK
W W OK OK
H W OK OK
P W OK OK
- - OK OK
P H OK OK
H W - I lK
W H OK OK
P H - OK
- - OK OK
P W - OK
W H V OK
H W OK OK
H H V OK
W H OK OK
W H OK -
- - OK -
- - OK OK
- OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK
OK OK V V
OK OK OK V
OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK V
OK OK V V
OK OK V OK
Y V OK V
OK OK OK V
- OK OK V
OK Y OK OK
- OK V OK
V V V OK
- OK - V
OK OK OK V
V OK OK OK
V OK OK OK
OK Y OK OK
OK - OK OK
OK - OK OK
OK V OK OK
17 02
17 03
17 06
17 04
16 57
17 00
17 02
17 06
17 07
17 12
17 17
17 22
17 18
17 30
17 36
17 36
17 43
17 46
17 47
17 48
17 49
17 48
17 43
17 52
17 58
OECEIIBER 6. 1976
- - - - - OK OK
20 5 5 - - OK OK
80 90 0 5 5 p OK
- - - - - P OK
- - - - - P OK
o 0 0 0 0 P OK
O 0 0 0 0 OK OK
o 0 0 0 0 OK OK
10 10 0 0 0 p OK
10 0 0 0 0 P OK
10 0 0 0 0 OK OK
o o 0 0 0 OK OK
O 0 0 0 0 P OK
o 0 0 0 0 OK OK
o 0 0 0 0 P OK
- - - - - OK OK
o o o
- - - - - OK OK
- - - - - OK OK
- - - - - OK OK
- - - - - OK OK
- - - - - OK OK
o 5 0 0 OK OK

-------
D-1 4
Tab o 8
M61’&OD A - CHARGING EMIssioNs DATA
USSC PAIRPIE6O WORKS
Mean 7.6
Battery 6, November 30, 1976
Standard Deviation 7.0
Battery 5, December 1, 1976
Oven
No
a
Charge Time Sec)
a
Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec)
12
Battery 5, November 30, 1976
13
Total Time (Sec)ฐ
23
4.5
3.0
2.0
26.0
5.0
0.0
6.0
1.0
1 .0
3.5
2.0
1.0
12.0
4.0
1.0
7.0
6.0
3.0
2.5
12.0
19.0
11 .0
1 9.0
17.0
13.0
1 2 .0
15.0
11.0
10.0
5.0
10.0
3.0
2.0
5.0
6.0
1 .0
6.0
3.0
3.0
6.0
6.0
6.C
3.0
13.C
6.0
6.0
5.6
2.0
31
2.0 2.0 3.0
6.0
9.0
2.0
6.0
6.5
6.5
6.0
11.0
6.0
12.0
9.5
7.5
51
2.0 6.0 1.0
7.0
3.0
5.0
12.0
5.0
5.0
61
5.0 2.0 3.0
3.0
3.0
2.0
15.0
6.3
4.0
71
12.0 3.0 2.0
6.0
2.0
4.0
13.0
4.0
8.0
81
7.0 2.0
5.0
7.0
9.0
107.0
11.0
16.5
3
102.0 6.0 5.5
6.0
3.0
5.
18.0
6.0
8.5
13
12.’) 3.0 3.0
6.0
2.0
3.5
13.0
5.0
5.5
33
12.0 3.0
3.0
5.0
38.0
17.0
20.0
43
28.0 16.0 15.0
8.0
4.0
2.5
12.0
5.0
5.)
53
6.0 1.0 2.5
3.0
1.0
4.0
13.0
8.0
17.0
63
7.0 7.0 13.0
Mean = S.g
Standard
Deviation
21 b 22
21
22
23
21
22
23
58
1.5
68
6.0
78
6.0
1
12.0
11
28.0
21
46.0
31
7.0
41
21.0
51
3.0
61
12.0
21 b 22 23
21
22
23
21
22
23
55
11.0 9.0 9.0
7.0
13.0
6.0
13.0
3.0
5.0
18.0
28.0
15.0
26.0
12.0
13.3
65
15.0 11.0 8.0
2.0
2.0
16.0
6.0
12.0
75
11.0 6.0 10.0
5.0
6.0
3.0
59.0
46.0
46.0
85
7
54.0 42.0 61.’)
21.0 2!.0 16.0
25.0
6.0
1.0
20.0
3.0
45.0
32.3
29.0
6.0
3o.O
7.0
17
20.0 3.0 6.0
22.0
2.0
6.0
46.0
3.0
15.0
27
37
22.0 1.0 9.0
22.0 2.0 9.0
6.0
1.0
5. ’)
2.0
2.0
26.0
68.0
3.0
13.0
11.’)
9.0
47
23.0 8.0 7.0
11.0
2.0
4.0
27.0
5.0
7.0
57
67
16.0 .0 3.0
22.0 6.0 18.0
7.0
5.0
10.0
2.0
15.0
29.0
38.0
11.0
13.0
20.0
36.0
77
69
79
2
27.0 3.0 21.0
19.0 8.0 11.0
4.0 3.0 6.0
55.0 26.0 37.0
3.0
8.0
6.0
1.0
1.0
3.0
2.0
3.0
6.0
22.0
12.0
61.0
9.0
4.0
29.0
13.0
7.0
43.0
6.0
18.0
25.0
23.0
47.0
61 .0
20.0
33.0
18.0
23.0
13.0
9.5
13.0
5.0
26.0
10.0
6.0
7.0
5.0
4.0
4.0
9.5
8.0
5.0
15.0
17.0
5.0
11.0
9.0
5.0
Mean 5.6
Standard Deviation 5.2

-------
Table 8 (Con.ttnucd)
Mt?HOb A - CN,1RG1f/ PJI? . S to/S DAT I
L/SSC FAIRFflLO W )R S
D-15
Oven Charge Time (Sec) Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec)a Total Time (Sec)a
No
Battery 6, December 1, 1976
11 b 12 - 13
11 12 13
11 12 13
Mean l 2 .S
Standard Deviation =
Battery 5, December 2, 1975
Mean 8 0
Standard Deviation 2.9
Battery 6, December 2, 1976
63
8.0
11.0
6.0
12.0
10.0
6.0
20.0 21.0 12.0
73
10.0
17.0
7.0
4.0
12,0
4.5
14.0 29.0 11.5
83
30.0
30.0
29.0
57.0
29.0
35.5
87.0 59.0 64.5
5
35.0
60.0
42.0
o6.0
66.0
78.0
101.0 106.0 120.0
15
23.0
18.0
40.0
62.0
23.0
26.0
85.0 41.0 66.0
25
3.0
7.0
16.0
16.0
18.3
15,0
17.0 25.0 32.0
35
5.0
12.0
12.0
37.0
21.0
32.0
42.0 33.0 44.0
45
17.0
2?.0
26.0
10.0
9.0
6.0
27.0 31.0 32.0
55
4.0
4.0
3.5
12.0
9.0
8.0
1 .0 13.0 11.5
65
4.0
5.0
7.5
7.0
6.0
6,5
11.U 11.0 14.3
75
3.0
3.0
6.0
12.0
7.0
10.0
15.0 10.0 16.0
85
8.0
5.0
11.0
8.0
6.0
7.6
16.0 11.0 13.0
37
4.0
5.0
2.5
7.0
9.0
2.5
11.0 14.0 5.0
57
6.0
4.0
3.0
9.0
7.0
11.0
13.0 11.0 14.0
67
4.0
5.0
4.0
17.0
6.0
5.0
21.0 11.0 9.0
40 d
11 b
12
13
11
12
13
11 12 13
22
5.2
8.0
9.0
6.2
16.0
16.0
11.4 22.0 25.0
32
10.0
10.0
6.0
3.0
5.3
3.0
13.0 15.0 9.0
42
2.6
6.0
3.5
1.6
2.0
2.0
4.2 6.0 5.5
52
11.0
9.0
17.5
15.0
9.0
18.0
26.0 18.0 35.5
2lb 22 23
21 22 23
57
6.0
7.0
o.3
5.0
4.0
3.C
11.0
11.0
9.0
67
8.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
3.0
13.0
8.0
7.0
77
6.0
3.0
2.0
5.0
3.0
3.0
11.0
o.0
5.)
9
19
11.0
37.0
7.0
18.0
6.0
24.0
5.0
15.0
6.0
16.0
6.0
20.0
16.0
52.0
13.0
34.0
10.0
44.0
21 22 23
Mean • 9.9
Standard Deviation 3 9

-------
Table 8 (Con nz ,ed)
METHOD A - CH4RCE4IG &( [ SSrO?IS DATA
USSC FAJRPIECD OR S
Oven Charge Time (Sec)’ Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec)a Total Time (Sec)S
No.
Battery 6, December 7, 1976
32 33 13 3? 33 13 32 33
73 8.5 6.0 3.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 9.0 6.5 3.5
83 15.5 15.5 8.0 6.0 8.0 3.0 19.5 23.5 11.0
15 8.5 15.0 3.0 2.3 5.0 3.0 10.5 20.0 11.0
25 9 ,5 16.0 10.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 11.0 18.0 12.0
35 3.0 5.0 3.5 8.0 7.0 9.5 11.0 12.0 13.0
ฃ5 1.5 3.0 2.0 1.5 0.5 2.0 3.0 3.5 6.0
55 1.5 5.0 2.5 2.0 5.0 2.0 .5 10.0 6.5
65 0.5 0.0 0.0 3.0 5.0 2.5 3.5 5.’) 2.5
75 2.5 1.0 2.0 1.5 1.5 3.0 4.0 2.5 5.0
85 35.0 47.0 30.0 2.5 3.5 2.0 37.5 50.5 32.0
27 5.5 10.5 7.0 5.0 5.0 4.5 10.5 15.5 11.5
37 1.5 5.0 3.5 4.5 6.5 3.5 6.0 11.5 7.0
47 9.0 16.5 5.5 2.0 3.0 2.5 11.0 17.5 8.0
57 3.0 1.5 2.0 3.5 6.5 6.0 6.5 8.0 6.0
67 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.5 5.5
Mean 7 . 6 Standard Deviation = 2 8 d
Battery 5, December 9, 1976
- 13 b 32 33 13 32 33 13 32 33
78 0.5 1.0 1.6 3.0 9.0 6.5 3.5 10.0 6.1
01 3.5 3.0 1.8 4.5 6.0 4.6 8.0 7.0 6.4
11 1.0 0.5 0.6 3.5 4.0 1.8 6.5 6.5 2.6
21 1.0 1.0 1.3 4.0 5.0 5.6 5.0 6.0 6,7
31 2.5 643 1.4 2.0 6.0 2.2 4.5 10.0 3.6
51 6.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 7.5 6.6 9.5 12.5 11.6
71 1.0 2.0 2.5 2.0 3.iJ 5.3 3.0 5.0 8.3
81 0.8 1.5 1.2 3.5 5.0 5.5 6.3 6.5 6.7
03 3.5 5.0 5.0 7.0 9.5 13.4 10.5 14.5 15.4
13 3.0 2.0 3.3 2.5 4.0 4.5 3.5 o.6 7.8
23 3.5 9.0 5.9 5.3 9.0 5.0 8.5 18.0 11.9
33 5.0 7.0 6.0 3.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 12.0 10.0
63 15.0 30.0 17.4 7.0 10.5 7.8 22.0 60.5 25.2
53 6.5 5.0 4.7 3.0 6.0 4.6 7.5 9.0 9.1
63 3.0 6.5 5.5 7.0 7.0 4.9 10.0 11., 10.6
Mean • 4.4 Standard Deviation = 2.2
a - H’.ribcr of cc ,cP’th3 >2O opa y.
b - r c ’.
c - r . ’L f
c i — O crall c t ’.Jw i k’u z on j r charDe tv-a.
• - tic ’n-BACT
D-16

-------
Table 9
METHOD B - CIIARCtVC E!TSSIOJS DATA
OSSC FAIRUELO 6CR S
D-17
Oven 10. Charge Time ( Sec)ฐ Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec) 3 Total Time (Sec)a
Battery 5, November 30, 1976
C
PAean 32.5
21 b 22 23
Battery 5,
21
Standard fleviation 125 d
Dece iber 1, 1976
22 23
21 22 23
11 b 12 13
11 12 13
-
5
55.0
11.0 13.5
10.0
3.0
19.0
65.0 16.0 32.5
15
37.0
10.0 20.0
12.0
8.3
10.0
69.0 18.0 30.0
25
33.6
13.0 21.0
3.0
9.0
20.0
36.6 22.3 61.3
35
21.0
14.0 39.0
18.0
6.0
12.0
39.0 18.0 51.0
45
39.0
12.0 37.0
8.0
5.0
9.0
67.0 17.0 66.0
55
55.0
16.0 38.0
8.0
6.0
7.0
63.0 20.0 65.0
65
31.0
12.0 26.0
10.0
6.0
11.0
41.0 18.3 37.0
75
37.0
26.0 33.0
9.0
10.0
14.0
66.0 36.3 66.0
85
99,0
72.0 121.0
11.0
10.0
11.0
110.0 32.0 132.0
7
11.0
26.0 27.0
5.0
11.0
10.0
16.0 35.0 3F.0
17
33.0
19.0 36.0
13.0
20.0
27.0
46.0 39.0 61.0
27
17.0
40.0 27.0
49.0
35.0
35.0
66.0 75.9 62.0
37
8.0
25.0 20.0
8.0
13.0
16.0
16.0 38.0 36.0
47
63.0
62.0 53.0
16.0
29.3
30.0
79.0 91.0 83.3
57
18.0
26.0 17.0
31.0
16.0
20.0
49.0 42.0 37.0
Battery 6.
November
30. 1976
21 b
22 23
21
22
23
21 22 23
71
37.0
5.0 7.0
27.0
19.0
12.0
64.0 26.0 19.0
81
22.0
12.0 12.0
16.0
11.0
17.0
36.0 23.0 29.3
23
13.0
5.0 5.0
69.0
55.0
4.0
62.0 60.0 9.3
33
32.0
20.0 12.0
23.0
16.0
2.0
55.0 36.0 16.0
63
33.0
9.0 .8.0
33.0
11.0
4.0
66.0 23.3 12.0
53
36.0
51.0 33.0
23.0
36.0
18.0
59.0 85.0 51.0
63
19.0
11.0 18.0
20.0
21.0
8.0
39.0 32.0 26.3
73
15.0
16.0 7.0
8.0
6.0
9.0
23.0 20.0 16.0
83
28.0
17.0 22,0
9.0
9.0
8.0
37.0 26.0 33.0
5
45.0
39.0 36.0
12.0
7.0
12.0
57.0 66.0 66.0
15
47.0
ers 48.0
32.0
29.0
14.0
79.0 29.0 62.)
25
43.0
34.0 5.0
62.0
9.0
12.0
85.0 43.0 17.0
35
100.0
68.0 71.0
65.0
73.0
36.0
165.0 161.0 107.0
65
48.0
28.0 39.0
60.0
45.0
28.0
88.0 73.0 67.0
55
18.0
23.0 12.0
35.0
11.0
20.0
53.0 34.0 32.0
Mean 26.8
Standard Deviation 10 5
12
68.0
44.0
1.5.0
35.0
25.0
26.0
103.0
69.0
69.J
22
41.0
28.0
22.0
36.0
31.0
:o.a
77.0
59.0
57.0
32
37.0
33.0
19.0
77.0
15.0
13.0
114.0
48.0
37.0
42
9.0
23.0
17.0
34.0
21.0
16.0
43.9
44.0
1. .0
52
21.0
26.0
30.0
14.0
24.0
15.0
35.0
50.0
46.0
62
22.0
32.0
23.0
13.0
20.0
15.0
35.0
52.0
41.3
72
20.0
31.0
25.0
7.0
19.0
3.0
27.0
50.0
23.0
82
56.0
31.0
3 .0
17.0
32.0
9.0
73.0
63.0
41.0
6
22.0
75.0
23.0
17.0
18.0
32.0
39.0
43.0
55.0
16
125.0
12’.)
1 ?7.0
23.0
51.0
46,0
168.0
172.0
223.0
Mean • 40 9
St ind rd Deviation • 13.6

-------
Table 9 (Contint ed)
?4 TEOD B - CHAPGfl/G . VrSsrOHs DATA
USSC FAIAFrELO dO ’,G
Oven No. Charge Tune (Sec)a Cleanup/Seal Tune (Sec)a Total Time (Sec)a
Battery 6. December 1. 1976
12 13 11 12 13 11 12 13
77 2.’) 2.0 2.8 4.0 3.0 6.2 .O 5.0 9.0
9 19.0 16.0 2 .0 16.0 10.0 9.0 35.0 26.0 32.0
19 9.0 10.0 17.5 9.0 9.0 18.0 18.0 19.0 35.5
47 73.0 42.0 112.0 8.0 8.0 10.0 81.0 50.0 173.0
29 7.0 11.0 0.0 8.0 11.5 0.) 13.0 22.5
39 10.0 10.0 16.0 7.0 8.0 12.0 17.0 13.0 23.0
49 32.0 33.0 37.0 10.0 12.0 20.0 62.0 45.0 57.3
59 33.0 26.0 42.0 11.0 16.0 17.0 • 44.0 60.0 59.0
79 14.0 16.0 21.0 16.0 13.0 17.0 28.0 29.0 33.0
2 8.0 8.0 10.0 11.0 7.0 12.0 19.0 15.0 22.0
Ilean 22 l Standard Deviation
Battery 5, December 2. 1976
11 b 12 13 11 12 13 11 12 13
62 5.4 5.0 6.5 14.6 8.0 10.0 20.0 13.0 16.5
72 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.0 5.0 11.0 21.0 16.0 23.5
82 10.0 9.0 11.0 5.0 6.0 7.5 15.0 15.0 ia.s
4 10.0 14.0 14.5 10.0 10.0 9.0 20.0 26.0 23.5
14 42.0 24.0 .35.0 6.0 6.0 2.5 48.0 28.0 37.5
54 6.0 8.0 11.0 3.0 5.0 4.5 9.0 13.0 15.5
64 9.0 10.0 10.0 6.0 7.0 12.5 15.0 17.0 22.5
6 39.0 17.0 17.0 32.0 8. ’) 45.0 71,0 25.0 62.0
16 14.0 9.0 12.0 10.0 10.0 12.0 26.0 19.3 26.0
26 12.0 14.0 13.5 15.0 13.0 14.0 27.0 27.0 27.5
3 9.0 7.0 7.0 5.0 10.0 10.0 16.0 17.0 17.0
46 136.0 68.0 83.0 10.0 9.0 9.0 166.0 57.3 92.0
56 6.0 7.0 8.0 6.6 7.0 7.0 12.6 16.0 15.3
66 16.0 10.0 13.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 22.0 16.0 20.3
76 24.0 12.0 17.5 4.0 6.0 5.0 23.0 16.0 22.5
8 5.0 7.0 12.0 10.0 9.0 9.0 15.0 16.0 21.0
18 11.0 13.0 16.0 4.0 5.0 7.0 15.0 18.0 23.0
38 26.0 17.0 21.0 8.0 7.0 9.0 32.0 26.0 30.0
68 7.0 7.0 11.0 7.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 14.0 22.0
78 10.0 9.0 15.0 11.0 10.0 19.0 21.0 19.0 34.0
28 7.5 9.0 12.S 4.0 6.0 10.0 11.5 15.0 22.5
1 7.5 5.0 7.5 3.0• 4.0 7.0 13.5 9.0 14.5
rican • 16.0 Standard Deviation • 9.9
D- 18

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Table 9 (Coritinucd)
NZTHOD B - CthlPap:G E11S’tODS DATA
USSC PAIR IELv .O.V.S
Oven No. Charge Time (Sec)ฐ Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec) 6 Total Time (Sec) 6
Battery 5, December 3, 1976
41 b 22 12 41 22 12 41 22 12
36 12.0 12.0 8.0 9.0 9.0 6.0 21.0 21.0 14.0
46 29.0 18.0 13.0 13.0 12.0 10.0 42.0 30.0 28.0
56 5.1) 8.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 3.0 12.0 14.3 16.0
66 6.0 6.0 8.0 3.0 5.0 ;.o 9.0 9.0 17.0
76 7.0 5.0 .7.0 5.0 8.0 7.0 12.0 13.0 14.0
8 10.0 5.0 8.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 15.0 9.0 14.0
18 10.0 7.0 10.0 9.0 10.0 11.0 19.0 17.0 21.0
28 20.0 15.0 21.0 3.0 6.0 8.0 23.0 21.0 29.0
38 16.0 27.0 16.0 8.0 9.0 11.0 26.0 36.0 27.0
68 7.0 .0 6.0 8.0 4.0 6.0 15.3 9.0 12.0
78 4.0 3.0 4.0 8.3 9.0 8.0 12.0 12.0 12.t)
1 7.0 7.0 7.0 5.0 5.0 3.0 12.0 12.0 1J.0
11 7.0 7.0 6.0 7.0 9.0 8.0 14.0 16.0 16.0
21 7.0 7.0 8.0 5.0 3.0 6.0 12.0 10.0 14.0
31 5.0 6.0 3.0 7.0 9.0 6.0 12.0 13.0 9.0
51 25.0 60.0 29.0 13.0 18.0 14.0 38.0 53.0 63.0
81 7.0 6.0 9.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 12.1) 12.0 16.0
3 12.0 31.0 13.1) 4.0 10.0 5.0 16.0 41.0 15.0
13 13.0 22.0 15.0 9.0 2.0 5.0 27.0 26.0 21.0
33 9.0 12.0 6.0 6.0 9.0 4.0 15.0 21.0 10.0
43 21.0 29.0 18.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 27.1) 36.0 26.3
53 10.0 8.0 6.0 7,0 6.’) S.C 17.0 14.0 11.0
63 7.0 9.3 5.0 8.0 9.0 7.0 15.0 13.0 12.0
73 17.0 15.0 13.0 4.0 5.0 3.0 21.0 23.0 16.0
5 11.0 8.0 7. ) 6.0 7.0 7,0 17.0 15.0 14.0
Mean • 11 SC Standard Deviation 3 • 7 d
Battery 5, December 4, 1976
21 b 13 23 21 13 23 21 13 23
13 24.0 13.0 15.0 4.0 4.5 2.0 23.0 17.5 17.0
2 12.0 10.0 9.0 3.0 2.5 1. 15.0 12.5 10.5
33 8.0 9.5 21.0 5.0 6.0 3.5 13.0 15.5 26.5
43 32.0 12.0 22.0 10.0 12.0 6.0 42.0 30.0 23.0
53 6.0 5.0 7.0 8.0 6.0 5.0 14.0 11.0 12.)
63 9.0 3.0 5.0 ..O 6.5 7.5 15.0 9.5 12.5
73 6.5 4.1) 6.0 7.0 9.0 7.0 11.5 13.0 11.0
83 13.0 10.0 12.0 4.0 6.3 4.0 17.0 14.0 16.1)
5 60.0 66.0 67.0 13.0 12.0 8.0 73.0 73.0 75.0
15 7.0 7.5 16.0 6.0 6.0 4.5 13.0 13.5 20.5
45 61.0 75.0 67.0 18,0 13.0 6.0 79.0 & .0 73.)
55 5.0 6.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 4.0 9.0 12.0 9.0
65 5.0 6.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 3.3
75 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 5.0 2.0 6.5 8.0 5.0
27 5.0 6.5 4.5 6.0 7.5 6.0 9.0 12.0 0.5
37 6.0 5.5 5.5 4.0 2.5 1.5 10.0 2.0 7.0
47 5.0 4.0 6.0 5.0 4.5 5.0 10.0 8.5 11.0
57 5.0 5.5 7.0 3.0 1.5 6.0 3.0 7.0 13.)
67 3.0 3.5 3.0 4.0 4.0 2.0 7.0 7.5 5.0
77 12.0 11.0 12.0 3.0 7.1) 2.0 15.0 13.0 14.3
9 21.0 29.0 60.0 6.0 7.5 6.0 27.0 36.5 54.0
19 7.0 12.0 8.0 2.0 3.0 2.5 9.0 15.0 10.5
29 8.0 19.0 9.0 5.0 7.5 3.0 13.0 25.5 12.0
39 11.0 15.0 12.5 3.0 8.0 4.0 14.0 23.0 16.5
49 12.0 20.5 17.5 4,0 6.5 4.0 16.0 27.0 21.5
Mean • 14.8 Standard Deviation ‘ 5 4
C
D-19

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Table 9 (Conttnucd)
KETIIOD B - CIIARGrrIG F. :r sro ;s DAZ4
USSC FAIRFIElD WORKS
Oven No. Charge Time (Sec) 8 Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec) 8 Total Time (Sec)a
Battery 6, December 6, 1976
22 23 41 22 23 41 22 23
4 12.0 8.0 10.0 5.0 7.& 4.0 17.0 15.0 14.’)
14 7.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 3.0 3.0 12.0 8.0 9.0
24 4.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 6.0 3.0 5.0 9.0 7.0
36 6.0 5,0 7.0 8.0 5.0 6.0 16.0 10.0 13.0
44 15.0 11.0 15.0 6.0 2.0 4.fl 19.0 13.0 19.0
54 2.0 2.0 2.0 4.0 4.0 3.5 6.0 6.0 5.5
64 4.0 5.0 4.0 6.0 3.0 6.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
84 42.0 62.0 67.0 7.0 8.0 5.5 69.0 50.0 52.5
6 10.0 5.0 7.5 16.0 5.0 12.0 26.0 13.0 19.5
16 14.0 16.0 15.5 15.0 12.0 8.5 29.0 20.0 24.0
26 6.0 6.0 5.5 8.0 4.0 6.0 14.0 8.0 11.5
36 7.0 6.0 7.5 6.0 3.0 4.0 13.0 7.0 11.5
56 3.0 2.0 2.0 5.0 5.0 6.5 8.0 7.) 6.5
66 6.0 5.0 5.S 3.0 3.0 3.5 9.0 8.0 9.0
48 3.0 2.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 4.0 9.0 6.0 3.0
58 4.0 2.0 6.0 3.0 1.0 2.0 7.0 3.0 6.0
68 3.0 3.0 2.0 4,0 3.0 4.0 7.0 6.0 6.0
78 12.0 12.0 13.5 5.0 4.0 4.0 17.1.) 16.0 17.5
1 6.0 4.0 6.0 6.0 5.0 5.5 12.0 9.0 11.5
11 2.0 2.0 2.5 5.0 6.0 3.0 7.0 6.0 5.5
21 6.0 3.0 3.0 5.0 4.0 6,0 9.1) .7.0 7.0
31 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 6.0 6.0 5.0
41 5.0 5.0 7.0 5.0 5.0 3.0 10.3 10.0 10.0
51 3.0 2.0 3.5 6.0 3.0 5.0 9.0 5.0 8.5
61 7.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 4.0 5.0 16.0 15.0 15.0
Mean 74 C Standard Deviation .
Battery 6, December 7, 1976
32 33 13 32 33 13 32 33
11 12.0 13.0 8.5 7.5 15.0 7.0 19.5 28.0 15.5
21 5.fl 7.0 6.0 3.5. 11.5 6.5 3.5 18.5 12.5
31 1.0 2.0 1.0 2,5 2.0 2.0 3.5 6.0 3.0
ฃ1 16.0 16.0 12.5 8.5 9.5 12.0 24.5 25.5 24.5
51 4.0 3.0 .6.5 2.5 1.0 2.5 6.5 4.0 7.0
61 6.0 3.5 3.5 3.0 2.0 3.5 7.0 5.5 7.0
71 4,5 7.0 4.0 2.5 2.0 3.0 7.0 9.0 7.0
81 8.5 6.0 5.5 3.5 5.0 4.5 12.0 11.0 11.0
03 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.5 7.0 4.0 10.5 12.3 9.3
13 7.0 6.5 21.0 8.5 11.3 8.5 15.5 15.5 29.5
23 6.0 3.0 3.5 6.0 7.0 6.0 2.0 10.0 9.5
33 9.0 8.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 5.5 15.0 15.0 11.5
43 2.S 2.0 2.0 4.5 6.0 5.0 7.) 8.0 7.’)
53 3.5 3.0 2.0 6.0 8.0 6.0 9.5 11.0 5.3
63 7.0 7.0 7.0 9.0 6.5 8.0 16.0 13.5 15.0
Mean • 6.2 Standard Deviation 2 7
D -20

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Table 9 (Con r cd)
THOD B - CHARGIh’G E:!rsSro S DATA
t/SSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
Oven No. Charge Time (Sec) 8 Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec) 8 Total Time (Sec) 3
Battery 5. December 8, 1976
21 b 22 23 21 22 23 21 22 23
56 3.0 8.0 13.0 4.0 8.0 5.0 7.0 16.0 15.0
66 10.0 9.0 7.5 5.0 6.0 4.0 15.0 15.0 11.5
74 11.0 10.0 13.5 6.0 5.0 3.5 15.0 15.0 17.3
84 25.0 32.0 42.0 6.0 5.0 6.5 29.0 37.0 46.5
6 7.0 3.0 .6.0 6.0 3.0 2.0 13.0 6.0 6.3
Mean = l 3 .O Standard Deviation 42 d
Battery 6. December 8, 1976
21 b 12 61 21 12 Li 21 12 61
65 6.0 3.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 9.3 6.0 6.0
75 5.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 6.0 3.0 8.0 8.G 7.3
85 9.0 8.0 7.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 12.0 10.0 9.0
7 6.0 3.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 9.0 6.0 7.0
27 28.0 25.0 20.0 5.0 7.0 6.0 33.0 32.0 26.0
37 6.0 9.0 7.0 3.0 6.0 5.0 9.0 15.0 12.0
67 8.0 8.0 7.0 3.0 6.0 3.0 11.0 16.0 10.0
57 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.0 8.0 7.0 ..0
67 8.0 6.0 6.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 10.0 5.0 6.0
77 6.0 7.0 5.0 2.3 3.0 2.0 5.0 13.0 7.3
9 31.0 28.0 19.0 6.0 13.0 10.0 37.0 61.0 29.0
29 5.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 6.0 5.0 6.0 12.0 8.0
39 15.0 16.0 6.0 4.0 8.0 7.0 19.0 22.0 13.0
69 11.0 9.0 5.0 6.0 9.0 8.0 17.0 18.0 13.0
59 8.0 8.0 6.0 6.0 8.0 6.0 12.0 16.0 12.0
69 4.0 6.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 8.0 10.0 7.3
79 5.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 10.0 b.C 8.0
2 119.0 22.0 17.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 123.0 27.0 22.0
12 16.0 15.0 12.0 6.0 7.0 7.0 20.0 22.0 19.0
5? 25.0 22.0 16.0 8.0 9.0 7.0 33.0 31.0 21.0
Mean • 11.5 Standard Deviation • 12.7
Battery 6. December 8. 1976
12 13 11 12 13 11 12 13
72 10.0 10.0 9.5 5.0 5.0 4.0 15.0 15.0 13.5
82 27.0 16.0 8.5 6.0 7.) 6.5 33.0 2.).0 15.0
6 46.0 60.0 33.5 5.0 8.0 5.5 49.0 6&.fl 39.0
16 20.0 18.0 11.5 9.0 9.0 7.5 29.0 27.0 19.0
24 7.0 10.0 .7.5 7.0 8.0 8.0 14.0 18.0 15.5
Mean • 18.2 Standard Deviation • 4.0
• D-21

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TaWc 9 (Cont nu. d)
TH0D 8 - CIIAHG UIG EMfSSWVS DATA
USSC FAIRPI4LD .O ’PS
Oven No. Charge Tinie (Sec) 0 Cleanup/Seal Time (Sec) 0 Total Time (Sec) 0
Battery 5, December 9. 1976
32 33 13 32 33 13 32 33
84 31.0 35.0 21.0 11.0 11.0 8.0 42.0 46.0 29.0
06 11.0 19.0 9.5 16.0 13.0 14.5 27.0 32.0 26.0
16 2 ..0 25.0 19.0 313.0 301.0 3 9.O 328.0 324.0
26 6.0 9.0 5.5 9.0 10.0 7.5 15.0 19.0 13.0
36 4.5 6.5 4.5 8.5 9.0 9.0 13.0 15.5 13.5
46 28.0 32.0 27.5 20.5 26.0 17.0 68.5 58.0 44.5
56 8.0 8.0 8.5 10.0 11.0 8.5 18.0 19.0 17.3
66 5.0 5.0 5.6 9.5 10.0 10.5 16.5 15.0 16.1
76 8.5 4.0 5.0 6.5 5.5 7.0 11.0 9.5 12.3
08 11.0 12.0 11.5 13.0 11.0 8.5 26.0 23.0 0.0
18 3.5 6.5 3.5 10.0 15.5 10.5 13.5 20.0 14.0
28 3.5 3.0 2.5 7.0 5.5 6.0 10.5 8.5 8.5
38 49.5 69.0 34.5 6.5 6.0 7,5 56.0 55.0 42.0
58 6.5 8.5 7.0 11.5 12.0 12.0 18.0 20.5 19.0
68 6.5 9.5 7.0 11.0 14.0 10.0 17.5 23.5 17.0
Mean 13 • 5 C Standard Dev ati0n 30 d
Battery 6. December 9. 1976
11 b 21. 22 11 21 22 11 21 22
24 31.0 26.0 35.0 11.0 7.0 4.C 42.0 33.0 39.0
34 6.7 7.0 6.0 3.0 6.3 3.0 7.7 11.0 7.0
56 6.0 A 4.0 7.0 3.0 5.0 4.0 9.0 9.0 11.0
66 3.4 4.0 3.0 3.0 6.0 6.0 6.6 8.0 7.0
76 9.0 20.0 8.0 3.2 4.0 3.0 12.8 26.0 11.0
84 185.0 167.0 153.0 6.0 6.0 10.0 191.0 173.0 168.0
06 15.0 10.0 11.0 3.0 7.0 5.0 13.0 17.0 16.0
16 4.0 4.0 4.0 7.0 7.0 8.0 11.0 11.0 12.)
26 6.0 5.0 5.0 5.8 3.0 10.0 11.8 8.0 15.0
36 2.6 3.0 3.0 6.6 6.0 6.0 6.8 7.0 9.0
46 13.0 16.0 8.0 2.8 3.0 2.0 15.3 17.0 10.0
56 8.3 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0 7.2 6.0 6.0
66 13.0 20.0 8.0 7.0 5.0 5.0 20.0 25.0 13.0
76 3.1. 5.0 7.0 1.6 2.0 1.0 5.0 7.0 8.0
08 1.8 3.0 4.0 3.2 2.0 3.0 5.0 5.0 7.0
18 3.4 3.0 2.0 4.3 3.3 3.0 7.7 6.0 5.0
28 6.6 4.0 3.0 2.9 4.0 3.C 7.5 8.0 6.0
38 25.0 26.0 26.0 - 6.0 5.0 7.0 31.0 31.0 31.0
88 3.6 6.0 3.0 3.3 3.0 1,0 6.9 7.0 6.0
58 3., 7.0 3.0 15.4 5.0 4.0 19.0 12.0 7.0
68 4.2 5.0 3.0 3.6 3.0 2.0 7.8 8.0 5.0
78 4.2 6.0 3.0 9.8 6.0 4.0 14.0 12.0 7.0
01 6.8 5.0 3.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 9.8 9.0 7.0
11 5.0 6.0 3.0 4.2 5.0 6.0 9.2 9.0 7.0
31 3.0 7.0 3.0 6.6 3.0 3.0 7.6 10.0 6.3
21 4.0 8.0 4.0 9.0 5.0 4.C 13.0 13.0 8.0
Mean 13 6 Standard Deviation 3.5
o - Ne-thor of c -’n,na of a”’ utsthlc . — ,ioc onm.
b- Oh , iu,r ,‘,-thrr.
C— O ’.rall ‘ i ’z for cicary.’ C
d O ra1l t ‘ Lird th e. .at on for e .’rgc tzrc.
Non—PACT i
D-22

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D -23
Table 10
METHOD C - DOOR EMISSIOfIS DATA
USSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
Battery 5 November 30, 1976
OVEUS
4 PS ‘ PS TOTAL : TflTAL 1 1 1TH
STOP CS 000FS [ lOOPS CH’J()’ [ lOOPS 000PS LEAyIHr
TI lIE 003 
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D-24
Table 10 (Cor tinued)
l .IETIIOD C - DOOR EMISSIOtIS DATA
L/SSC F .4IRE’IELD WORKS
Battery 5 December 2, 1976
%- OVENS—
% PS % PS X % TOTAL I iOT L WITH
—STOP— CS — DOORS —---—uO0 S —CHUCK— DOORS— DOORS LEAKING—
TIME DOORS (1/SIDE) (2/SIDE) DOORS (2/OVEI ) (3/OVEN) DOORS
0754 6.5 5.2 2.6 5.2 5.8 3.9 10.1.
—0855—-- 6.5 -2.6 ——1.3 —-—2.6 6.5 3.0 9.1—
1001 7.3 5.2 2.6 3.9 6.5 4.3 10.4
—1OSD——— 5,’ - 3.9 —-1. —-3.9 4.5 .O 7.8—
1265 6.5 11.7 5.8 11.7 9.1 6.1 14.3
11.7 5.8 7.8 7.8 5-.2 13.0—
0247 5.2 9.1 4.5 7,3 7.1 4.5 13.4
—0337 .2 6.5 3,? - (-.5 5- . - 3,9
Avc. 5.8 7.0 3.5 6.2 6.4 4.3 10.7
Battery 6 December 2, 1976
0739 3.9 2.6 1.3 2.6 3.2 2.2 - S.2
—0816 1.3 1.3 - .6——1.3 1.3 -.9
0966 6.5 3.9 1.9 2 6 5.2 3.5 1J.6
-2.6 ———1.3-——2.6 3.9 2.6 6.5—
0113 1.3 3.9 1.9 1.3 2,6 -1.7 5.2
—0215 1.3 6.5 3.2 5.2 3.9— - 2.6
0301 1.3 6.5 3.2 3.9 3.9 2.6 7.8
-1J403—5.2 3.9 1.9 .3 4.5 3.0 9.1—
Avc.. 3.2 - 3.9 1.9 - 2.6 - 3.6 2.4 6.7
Battery 5 December 3, 1976
0807 6.5 9.1 4.5 7.8 7.8 5.2 13,’)
—09C)8—— -1.3 5.2 3.2- 2.6 3.2 2.6 —6.5—
1011 1,3 .2 2.6 5.2 3.2 2.2 5,5
1115——--3.9 9.1 5.2 7.5 6.5 6.8 13.0—
0106 2.6 11.7 7.1 11.7 7.1 5.6 11.7
0211 1.3 11.7 -6.5 11.7 6.5 4.3 11.7—
0307 1,3 10.1. 5.2 9.1 5.E 3,9 11.7
f .vg. 2.6 8.9 4.9 6.0 5.7 4.2 - 10.6
Battery 6 December 3, 1976
0739 3.9 2.6 1.3 2. 5 3.2 2.2 6.5
-0852-—6.5- 6.5--— —3.2 ——-—-—5.2 —6.5- 4.3 10.4—
0954 2.6 3.9 2.6 3.9 3.2 2.6 5.2
—1056 —-1.3 ——-5.2 -—— 3.2- 5.2 3.2 2,6 o.5—
1267 1.3 7.8 3.9 3.9 6.5 3.0 9.1
—1051—5,2 -7.8 —— 3.9 -— 1.8 ——- 6. ! ,— 4.3 10.6—
0256 2.6 5.? 3.2 3.9 3.9 3.0 7 .
Avg. 3.3 5.6 3.0 4.6 4.4 3.1 8.0

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- D-25
Table 10 (Continucd)
METHOD C - DOOR ฃ? SSIOIIS D 1TA
IJSSC F .4IRFThLD WORKS
Battery 5 December 4, 1976
0838 3.9 5.2 2.6 1.3 - 6.5 3.0 9.1
—09’)3— 1.3—— -3.9- 1 •9----—2.6 2.6 -1,7 3,9
1003 1.3 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.9 1.3 2.5
—11 O 1.3— 1.3 .6- 1.3 1.3 —.9 1.3
1239 .0 15.6 7,8 7.8 7.8 5.2 15.6
13401 .3—— 10.1. 5.2-10.6 3.9 11.7
14’7 7.3 3.9 6.S 4.5 3.0 9.1
J_ I -I
F VO. 1.5 6.7 3•3 4.5 —- 4.0 2.7 - 7.6 -
Battery 9 December 4, 1976
0726 1, 7.9 4,0 1.6 4.8 3. — 5.5
—0325-—--— 3.2 -—-—9.5- -—6.8 -6.8 5.3 -6 , 9.5—
0929 1.6 7.9 4.8 6,3 4.6 3.7 6.3
—1030-—3.2 —— 9.5 -—5.6 7.9 6.3 4.8 11.1—
1203 4.3 .0 .0 .0 2.1. 1. 4.8
—1309-——- 6.3 —1.6 - .8 1.6 4.0 2.6—— o.3—
1407 4.3 1.6 . .1.6 3.2 2.1 6.3
A gT 3 34 45 32 .7.7
Battery 6 December 6, 1976
0735 3.9 2.6 1.3 2.6 3.2 2.2 5.2
—3809—2.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1,9 1.7 3.9—
0857 .0 6.5 3.9 3.9 3.2 2.6 6.5
—0950 —-----—1.3- 1.3 .6— .0 1.3 .9 2.5—
12 1 3.9 2.6 1.3 1.6 3.2 2,2 5.2
1333—-— —.0 1.3 — 1.3- 1.3 .6 --.9 1.3—
1415 2.6 .0 - .0 .0 1,3 .9 2.6
vg. 2.0 2.2 L4 2 - - - L6
Battery 9 December 6, 1976
0715 3., .0 .0 .0 1.4 1.1 3.2
-0818—-6 . ’ - .0 — .0 —.0 -3.2 2.1 6.3 —
0908 1.6 .0 .0 .0 .8 .5 1.6
—09 9——-—--1 .6 - ————.3 — — .0--—— ——.0 —.8 —.5 .0—
1305 1.6 3.2 2.4 3.2 2.4 2,1 3.2
—1402—— — -- —4 .S --—— .0 -- .0 —-.1 -2./. 1.6— 4.3—
Avg. 3 05

-------
D- 26
Table 10 (Con t nucd)
ME’TIIOD C - DOOR E.!ISSTOIIS DATA
USSC Lc’ArRPIE D WORKS
Battery 6 December 7, 1976
OVENS
% PS % PS S IOTAL % 1OTAL hI IFI
S10P%CS 000RS COORS CHU( X DOORS DOORS EA I C-
lfliF DOORS (1/SI)F) (2/SIDE) DOORS (2/OVkJ ) (3/OVFN) DOORS
0733 1.3 .0 .0 .0 . .6 .4 1.3
08 )2——1.3 1,3 -.6 1.3 l.i .9 2.6—
081.3 5.2 1.3 .6 1.3 3.2 2.2 5.2
—Q94c——3 .9 .0 .0—— .O 1 9 1.3 3.9—
1048 3.9 1,3 .6 1.3 2.o 1.7 5.2
1208 1.3 .0 .0 .0 .4
1303 1.3 .0 .0 .0 .6 .6 .0
—1406— —1’. 1.’ — .6——i .3 1.3 .9
Av9. 2.4 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.5 LO - 2.4
--‘ _—-— -
Battery 9 December 7, 1976
085? 1.6 .0 .0 .0 .€ .5 1.6
—0952—-i .6 --———-.0 — - — — .0 - .3 . .8 .5 1.5—
1329 1.5 .0 .0 .0 .8 .5 1.6
—1629—- -L. ——- 3.2——---— 1.6 —- 3.2 4,U —-2.6 -6.3—
Avg. — 2.4 _0.8 0.4 0.8 1.6 1.0 2.8
Battery 6 December 8, 1976
0760 .0 1.3 .6 1.3 .6 .4 1.3
—083———1 .3 -3.9- 1.9 -—5.9 2.6 1;?
0c?1. 3.9 3.9 1.9 3.9 3.c 2. 5.2
—10?2—2.6 2.6— 1.9 2.6- 2.6 2.2
1213 3.9 7.8 3.? 5.2 5.8 3.9 10.6
—131 31 .3 -—13.0 7.1 9.1 7.1 5.2 13.0—
1415 2.A 10.6 5.3 9.1 - 6.5 -- 6.8 - it.i.4
Avg. 2.2 6.1 3.3 5.n 4.2 3.0 7.2
Battery 9 December 8, 1976
0726 1.6 .0 .0 .0 .8 - .5 1.6
—0820 3.2 1.6—- - .8——1.5 2.6 1.6 L ’8
908 1.6 6.5 2.4 3.2 3.2 2.1 0.3
—1003——-—-.0 ———3.2-— 1,6—--—3.2 - 1.6 1,1 3,2—
1201. 3.2 1.6 .8 .0 2.4 1, . 4.8
—1255—3.2 —-——-.0 -—- .0 .0 1.6 1 .1 3.2—
1356 6.8 1.6 .8 1.” 3. 2.1 .8 -
Avg. - 2 .5 .8 J•. 4 4 .1

-------
D-27
Table 10 (Contin cd)
NETEOD C - DOOR E.’!ISSIOiS DATA
IJSSC FAIRFIELD WORr S
Battery 5 December 9, 1976
—a-—OVENS--
% PS S PS . 1OT L S TLJTAL WITH
—SlOP-—S CS-—ODORS DOORS———-——CPUCi( L)OORS- DOORS LEAKING—
TIME DOORS (1/SIDE) (2/SIDE) DOORS (2/0VEI ) (3/OVEN) DOORS
0742 .0 6.5 3.2 3.9 3.2 2.2 6.5
—0861—11 .7——-—-7.8 -—3.9— 5.2 9.7 6.5 16.9—
0934 7.8 6.5 .2 6.5 7.1 4.8 11.7
—1062———5.2---- ——- 2.6 1.3- -———— .6——— 3.9 2.o 7.8—
1265 5.2 11.7 5.8 10.6 5.4 5,๓ 14.3
—1365--——-6.5——- Q.1 5.3 -- 7.3 7.6 6.1 fl .7—
1652 3 i0 1G.6 5.8 10.6 7.1 5.2 16 .
Ava. 5.8 7.8 4.1 6.7 6.7 4.7 11.9
Battery 6 December 9, 1976
0753 1.3 2.6 1.3 .0 - ,.c 1.3 - 3.9
—0967—10.6 2.6— 1.3——1.3 6.5 6.3 10.4—
1031 1. 2.6 1.3 1.3 1 .c 1.3 3.9
—1232 —-1.3 -9.1 .2 --5.2— 5.2 --3.9 9.1—
1331. .3 5.2 3.9 5.2 2.6 2,6 5.2
1640 1.3 10.1 . 5.8 9.1 5. 6.3 10.4—
A a. 2.6 5.4 - - —

-------
D -28
Tcth7c 11
U2THOD H - TOP. rflE L;ftStCW5 DATA
USTC jAIRUELD .OR S
Battery 5? November 30, 1976
. OFFIAKE I
STOP TOTh SIGc
TIME LEAKS LFA S LIDS
0852 10.6 .0 .0
0952 7.8 .0 .0
1059 11.7 1.3 .0
1311 5.2 1.3 .3
1609 11.7 1.3 .6
1511 5.7 .0 2.9
1611 11.7 .0 3.2
Avg -
I H’)MBER OF LEAKS
BASdCAP
0 5 1 0 1
O 4 0 0 1
O 9 0 0 0
0 4 0 0 0
1 7 0 0 0
O 4 0 0 0
2 7 0 0 0
DECARSON INFO • CIIJP
L 1 0 1 ’OF I ON 1 l/E 1 I lSpm
12 2 0 0 0 2
16 3 0 •1 0 0
16 3 0 0 0 1
16 4 0 0 0 1
o 3 0 0 0 2
0 3 0 1 0 0
0 2 0 0 0 0
Battery 6? December 1 , 1976
O 8 Ci 0 0
O o 0 0 0
O 4 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
O 0 0 0 Ci
0 2 0 0 0
0 2 0 0 0
Battery 5. December 2, 1976
O 7 1 0 0
0 9 1 0 Ci
O 11 0 0 C,
O 9 0 0 0
0 4 0 0 0
O 4 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 2 0 0 0
Battery 5, December 3. 1976
Battery 5, December 4, 1976
Battery 6. December 6. 1976
16 3 0 0 0
24 2 0 0 0
8 4 0 0 0
28 0 0 0 0
12 3 0 1 0
4 5 1 0 0
o 3 0 0 0
O 5 0 0 0
0 3 0 0 0
O 4 0 1 0
0 5 0 0 0
O 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
O 0 0 0 0
O 0 0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
I
1
0
0
a
0
0
0
0558
10.4
.0
.3
1109
7.8
2.6
.3
1334
5.2
.0
.3
11.33
.0
.0
.3
1528
2.6
1 .3
.3
1620
3.9
.0
.3
1625
. .2
Avg
5.2
0.7
0.3
0804
10.4
2.6
.0
O9 0
13.0
1.3
.3
1O 9
16.3
2.6
.0
1106
11.7
2.(
.1
13 1
5.2
1.3
.3
1431
5.2
2.6
1.0
1517
10.4
.0
2.6
1622 ?.6
Avg 9.1
.0
1.3
16
0.7
0833
16.9
1.3
0934
26.0
5.2
1037
29.9
2.6
1163
19.5
5.
1331
11.7
1.3
163f ,
11.7
2.6
1528
. . ..
1.1
01
Avg
16.9
2.8
. ‘ 0 12 0
.0 1 16 0
.0 0 18 1
.0 0 13 0
.3 0 8 0
.0 ‘0 6 0
. 0 0 0
0 1
0 3
1 3
1 1
0 1
1 2
0
0 0 0 0
o 0 0 0
4 0 1 0
O 0 0 0
0’l 0 1
0 0 0 0
O 0 0 0
0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0
0 2 0 0
o 1 0 0
O 0 0 0
O 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
0 6
0 11
0 8
0 3
0 2
0 2
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
o 0
0 0
0747
2.6
2.
.0
0
1
0
081.6
6.5
1.3
.0
0
S
0
0968
1.3
.0
.0
0
1
0
1047
2.6
.0
.0
(1
2
0
1276
.0
.0
.6
0
0
0
1377
5.2
1.3
.3
0
0
1470
2..
.0
.0
0
2
0
Avg
3.0
0.7
0.1
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
O 0
O 0
0 0
075
056?
0917
1251
1321.
1432
Avg
3.9
1.3
3.9
7.5
3.9
7.1
48
.0
.0
1.3
1.3
. ‘
.0
04
.0
.‘)
.‘)
.0
.1
.1
00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
3
3
5
0
0
1)
1
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
1
0
0
0
U
U
0
0
0
(1
0
0
0
4
2
5
5
2
2
I)
0
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1)
(1
0
0
0
0

-------
D-29
Table 11 (Co ’ ucd)
NET /tOO Ft - TOPSWS E ’11 ’ S1Q’/S DATA
L/SSC F.4Ikb1 tD .O?-’S
Battery 6, December 7, 1976
U OFFT,xE ‘
STOP , TOTb . sic
TIME IEAz(S L.FAKS LIr)S
O 2 0 0 0
O 3 0 0 0
O 4 0 0 0
o 4 0 0 0
O 5 0 0 0
O 6 0 1 0
O 6 0 0 0
Battery 6, December 8, 1976
Battery 5, December 9, 1976
O 2 0 0 1 8 0 2 0 0 0
o 9 0 0 1 6 0 1 0 0 0
o 0 0 1 8 1 1 1 1 0
O 6 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 3
o 2 0 0 U 4 1 1 1 2 0
o 2 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 2 0
______ o 2 00 0 6 1 2 0 2 0
Battery 6. December 9, 1976
o i a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
o 4 1 0 0 4 0 1 0 0 0
O 2 1 0 U 8 0 1 0 1 0
O 6 0 0 0 8 0 1 0 2 0
o 2 0 0 0 4 1 1 1 2 0
o 3 0 0 0 4 3 1 0 2 0
O 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
a Roth b :er7c . ‘cvc 77 oucn , .303 ltd. ard 77 off . e s ctc na each
b - Arj ctcnc . ”pc lca .
C — Stord L’ 1_Cu at l ast one m Ler .n length.
d - Stw’:p ’ i ’ icak
a — Co ’r , ice ’ CO(id1. ’ te’v .
I — Standrv’,’ or qc’occ,,cck fla ’jc icak.
9 — ,t, , Ot; . r
h — P —5 ,jr of’ ii j , open f i ’ dcc’:,”n tt ou.
- i. .r.,er o, ‘ ajt ; ‘ c’ , •‘,‘,i tar d.cJ,’ orL-atLo,L.
J — ‘hc ’b ._ i ’ of at .:p PC a’ -‘ . o n ‘2_ 1)’ _ ‘ ,‘
k — b,.r j r oi.I , i p a_z_ a, n a, 1_ :‘c,’. c a’
• 1/ c_fcr of t , .. a a ,“c o ‘i h j a ‘il a.
o — r ‘f . _.r, ‘ . r _‘ o , , .‘ ran,’. o,’r ; a,— r ’ d._z1c
oj’ batt, rj to zta . ‘J1_, fl’.’ Of kr L,c.
U’ 15LR OF LE (S • . DLCARaO INFO • Ct.UP
BASdCAP SAOeFLGSO1H 9 LIOhOFTiIGNIEMSk!,EII Spm
.0
1.3
1.3
.0
3.9
.0
.0
0.9
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
0.0
0 0 0 0 0 1
o a 0 0 0 0
o o 0 0 0 1
o o 0 0 0 0
o 0 0 U 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 1
o o 0 0 0 0
1.3
3.9
.0
.6
0
0
5
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
12
0
3
0
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
3.9
2.6
.0
.0
.3
.0
0 7 0 0 0
1 3 0 0 0
0 7 0 0 0
0 4
0 2
0 2
1
0
0
0 0
1 0
0 0
1
1
1
.0
2.”,
.0
.6
0
0
3
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
0
0
3
0
0
0
2
1
2.0
0738 2.6
0827 3.9
0908 5.2
1105 5.2
1219 6.5
1318 6.5
1416 7..8
Avg 5.4
075? 6.5
0553 9.1
0935 9.1
1037 6.5
1228 9.1
1321 3.9
1626 5.
Avg 7.0
0728 1.9
0877 13.0
0921 11.7
1019 7.8
1214 2.6
1321 2.6
1473 7.&
Avg 6.3
0713 1.3
0813 6.5
0903 3.9
100 7.8
1205 2.6
1309 3.9
1611 ‘I.:
Avg 3.9
0.2
.0
.0
1.0
1.0
.0
.3
.6
0.4
.3
.0
.0
.6
.0
.6
0.3
.0
1.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
0.2
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
00

-------
Table 12
0-30
PUSHING EMISSIONS DATA
(JSSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
PUSHING TIME pERIODSa,METHODSL
A-B
B-C
C-D
COKING
OVEN D F 1 E F 2
F 3
D F 1 E F 2
F 3
D F 1 E F 2
F 3
TIME
isec. iE %
min:sec
Sec. Sec. sec.
mm
sec
sec. E %
mm
sec
hr mm.
BATTERY 5
,
13 4 — - - -
-
DECEMBER 4,
1976
—
0 - - - -
-
21 11
18 - - - -
33 0 — - - -
-
13 - - - —
—
0 - - - -
-
18 11
43 15 - - - -
-
43 - - — -
—
8 - - - -
-
18 20
53 2 — - - -
-
18 - - - -
—
0 - - - -
-
18 14
63 0 - - - -
-
5 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 19
73 0 — — - —
-
6 - - - -
-
0 — - - -
-
18 17
83 3 — - - -
—
33 — - - -
—
2 - - - —
-
18 22
48 0 — - - -
-
2 - - - —
—
0 - - - -
-
15 30
5 4 — - - -
-
6 — - — -
—
0 - - - -
-
18 35
15 0 — - - -
-
5 — - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 37
25 0 — — - -
-
12 - - - -
—
13 - - — -
-
18 43
35 4 — - - -
—
22 — — — -
—
2 — - - —
-
18 41
45 2 — - - -
-
12 - — - -
—
0 — - - —
—
18 40
55 8 — - - -
-
12 - - - -
—
0 — - - —
-
18 43
65 2 - - - -
—
11 — - - -
—
2 — - - -
—
18 47
75 0 - - - -
-
9 - - - -
-
0 - - - -
-
18 46
85 2 — - - -
-
10 - - - -
—
2 — - - -
-
18 49
37 3 — — - -
-
15 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
19 22
47 20 — - - -
-
6 - - - -
—
0 — — - -
-
19 25
57 23 - - - -
—
8 - — - -
—
— - - - -
-
19 24
67 12 — - - -
-
7 - - - -
—
0 — — - —
-
19 27
77 7 - - - -
-
2 - - - —
—
0 — - - -
-
19 18
9 4 - - - -
-
6 - - — -
—
0 — - - —
-
19 22
19 2 - - - -
-
12 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 58
29 5 - - - -
-
7 - - - -
-
3 — - - -
-
18 55
39 123 - - - -
-
12 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 57
49 36 - - - -
-
5 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 51
59 10 - - - -
-
4 - - - -
—
17 — - - -
-
18 16
69 35 - - - -
-
10 - - - -
—
0 — - - -
-
18 36
79 14 - — - -
-
3 - - - -
—
0 — — - -
-
- -
BATTERY 6
DECEMBER 6, 1976
14
0-
0
-
- -
28
-
0
-
-
-
0
-
0
-
-
-
17
02
24
0 0
0
0
0 10:15
28
45
0
30
57
0.45
0
0
0
0
0
1.00
17
03
34
0 45
0
0
2 10:00
22
15
0
0
13
0:45
0
0
0
0
0
1:00
17
06
44
0 0
0
0
1 10:15
27
30
0
0
23
0:45
0
0
0
0
0
1 15
17
04
54
00
0
0
08:30
19
30
0
0
25
0:45
0
0
0
0
0
1.30
16
57
64
10
0
0
08:45
19
-
0
-
-
-
0
-
0
-
-
-
17
00
74
0 0
0
0
0 11:30
33
45
1
15
42
0:45
4
-
0
-
-
-
17
02
84
66 60
0
0
4 11:30
29
30
1
15
53
0:30
2
0
0
0
3
0:45
17
06
6
25 0
0
0
2 7.30
30
30
0
0
32
0:30
1
0
0
0
0
1:15
17
07
16
45 105
0
0
6 8.30
31
30
0
0
15
0:45
1
0
0
0
0
1 30
J7
12
26
35 15
0
0
2 12:00
29
30
1
15
30
0 45
2
0
0
0
0
1:45
17
17
36
5 0
0
0
0 9:30
29
30
0
30
50
0.45
3
—
0
-
-
-
1:45
17
22
46
0 0
0
0
0 13:45
32
30
0
0
23
0:45
10
15
0
0
9
1:45
17
18
56
11 15
0
0
3 14:30
29
45
0
30
65
0:45
0
0
0
0
0
2:00
17
30
66
3 0
0
0
1 9:15
31
30
0
15
33
0 45
2
-
0
-
-
2 00
17
36
76
190
0
0
01045
23
30
0
0
22
0 45
0
0
0
0
1
145
17
36
8
18 75
0
15
11 5:30
29
45
0
0
28
0:45
2
0
0
0
0
1:45
17
43
58
13 0
0
0
0 2:45
32
30
0
0
20
0:45
1
0
0
0
0
1:00
17
46
68
5 0
0
0
0 1:45
32
30
0
0
17
0 45
2
0
0
0
0
1:15
17
47
78
10-
0
-
- -
25
-
0
-
-
—
0
-
0
-
-
-
17
48
1
11 15
0
0
1 8:15
32
15
0
0
17
0:45
1
0
0
0
0
145
17
49
11
15 15
0
0
3 945
32
30
0
0
20
0:45
0
0
0
0
0
1:00
17
48
21
11 0
0
0
2 9:00
29
30
0
0
13
0 45
0
0
0
0
0
100
17
43
31
19 —
0
-
- -
0
-
0
17
52
41
-0
0
0
01:00
27
30
0
0
18
0:45
0
0
0
0
4
1:00
17
58

-------
4 0 0
14 0 30
24 0 30
54 0 180
64 0 75
74 6 45
84 0 195
16 0 0
26 55 75
36 119 90
46 134 30
56 215 165
66 15 75
76 20 15
8 82 30
18 70 15
38 35 90
58 76 45
68 29 75
78 90 75
28 11 0
1 118 210
11 197 150
21 187 150
40 0 5 6:15
0 0 6 6:15
23 0 6 7:30
0 0 8 2200
0 0 10 645
0 0 6 6.30
7 0 12 8.45
0 15 2 4 15
0 0 10 445
49 0 10 7 45
0 0 5 8:00
0 0 10 8.45
0 0 5 745
0 0 5 9:15
16 0 6 745
0 0 5 5:15
0 0 9 6:30
0 0 7 6:45
0 0 7 9:00
0 0 4 16.00
0 0 5 3.30
64 0 9 1530
42 30 14 9 15
37 0 17 6.00
BATTERY 5
DECEMBER 2, 1976
5 45 5 0 23 0-45
2 45 0 0 37 0:45
2 30 17 0 32 045
40 45 16 45 70 0 15
6 45 8 15 43 045
28 45 27 45 73 045
6 45 13 0 43 045
37 45 5 15 55 0:45
40 45 0 0 36 0:45
39 30 0 30 43 045
36 45 14 0 47 0-45
34 45 18 0 37 045
38 45 11 0 40 045
41 45 10 0 37 0.45
40 45 45 45 83 045
34 30 13 0 30 045
40 45 0 0 40 045
40 45 6 0 33 045
36 45 0 0 23 0:45
33 45 0 0 28 0.45
41 45 43 45 77 0.45
40 45 12 0 33 0:45
35 30 5 0 27 0:45
37 30 25 0 30 0.45
16 55
16 55
16 51
17 27
17 49
17 47
17 52
18 47
18 45
18 44
18 06
18 11
18 20
18 26
18 32
18 35
18 28
18 30
Table 12 (Continued)
PUSEING EMISSIONS DATA
USSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
0-31
PUSHING TIME
pERIODSaIMETHODSb
A—B
B—C
C-D
COKING
OVEN
0
F 1
E
F 2
F 3
D
F 1
E
F 2
F 3
D
F 1
E
F 2
F 3
TIfIE
sec.
sec.
sec.
sec. % mm sec
sec.
sec.
sec. sec.
%
mm
sec
sec.
E
sec.
sec. % miii sec hr. miii.
0 15 0 0 4 1.30
0 0 0 0 3 045
0 15 0 0 5 1 30
0 30 0 0 10 145
0 15 0 0 9 1-45
0 15 0 0 12 1 45
O 0 0 0 0 145
O 0 0 0 0 130
0 0 0 0 0 1.15
0 15 0 0 8 1:00
1 0 0 0 0 1:45
3 0 0 0 0 045
O 15 0 0 13 1 00
1 0 0 0 3 045
60 60 47 45 65 1 15
1 0 0 0 1 1 15
1 0 0 0 2 1 00
12 30 0 0 10 1 30
1 0 0 0 0 130
O 0 0 0 0 130
89 90 95 45 60 1:30
2 0 0 0 2 1.15
2 0 0 0 2 1.15
29 0 0 0 5 145
- 0 0 0 0 100 18
- 0 0 0 0 045 17
- 0 0 0 0 030 18
- 0 0 0 0 2.00 18
- — 0 - - — 17
- - 2 - - - 18
- — 0 — - — 17
- - 0 - - - 17
- - 0 - - - 15
- 45 49 45 100 045 18
- 0 0 0 0 045 18
- 0 0 0 0 1:15 18
- — - — — — 17
— — — — — — 17
— — — — — — 17
- 0 0 0 0 1:15 17
- fl 0 0 0 1 00 17
- 0 - - - - 17
- 15 0 0 6 115 18
- 0 0 0 0 1 00 15
- 45 6 15 55 045 18
- 15 0 0 10 045 18
- 15 10 15 32 030 18
- 0 0 0 0 045 18
- 0 0 0 0 045 17
- 75 61 0 32 1:15 17
- 0 0 0 0 145 18
- 0 0 0 0 1:30 18
56
66
76
8
18
28
38
48
58
68
78
1
21
31
51
61
13
33
43
53
63
73
83
5
15
25
- 0
- 0
- 0
— 15
— 11)
- 0
- 0
- 0
- 0
- 45
- 0
- 60
- 165
- 180
— 15
- 45
- 0
— 15
- 0
- go
— 15
- 90
— 15
- 0
- 0
- 120
- 30
- 15
0 0 4 3:15
0 0 0 7:45
0 0 0 1815
0 0 3 10:15
0 0 8 6.00
0 0 2 11:15
0 0 1 8 45
0 0 1 745
0 0 0 1100
0 0 3 930
0 0 1 6:30
46 0 5 7:00
25 0 18 5.45
0 0 15 5.30
0 0 2 7:15
0 0 6 830
0 0 0 745
0 0 1 1000
O 0 3 645
11 0 11 5-30
0 0 5 5:45
O 0 11 530
0 0 4 530
O 0 4 500
O 0 1 7:00
0 0 10 6:15
0 0 3 10.30
O 0 4 630
DECEMBER 3, 1976
- 60 1 0 40 100
- 30 1 0 23 0:45
- - 7 - - 200
- 45 15 0 43 045
- 60 17 15 48 1 00
- 45 16 0 42 0:45
- 45 6 0 43 0.45
- 45 4 0 33 0.45
- 45 2 0 53 0:45
- 45 30 30 58 0:45
— 45 9 30 67 0 45
— 45 11 30 62 045
- 45 2 30 58 0.45
- 45 6 0 48 045
- 45 10 30 65 0.45
- 45 5 0 38 045
- 45 12 0 40 0-45
- 45 17 45 62 045
- 45 35 15 53 045
- 45 - 30 63 0-45
- 45 28 30 77 045
- 45 17 30 85 045
- 45 8 30 58 045
- 45 6 0 45 0.45
- 45 6 0 40 045
- 45 12 15 47 045
- 30 14 0 13 0-30
- 45 18 0 38 045
05
59
03
09
57
10
02
55
25
22
16
16
56
55
49
54
50
55
03
07
01
15
10
01
51
45
04
02

-------
Table 12 (Continued)
PUSHING EMISSIONS DATA
USSC FAIRFIELD WORES
PUSHING TIME PERIODSQ/METHODSb
A-B B-C C-D COKING
OVEN D F 1 E F 2 F 3 8 F 1 E F 2 F 3 D F 1 E F 2 F 3 TIME
sec. sec. sec. sec. % min.sec sec. sec. sec. sec. % min:sec sec. sec. sec. sec. X mm sec hr mm.
a A-S Tune perwd from door removal to coke face movement by rain, B-CS Tvn perwd from coke face movement cy
ra” untn.l all coke is n the quench car, C-D Time perwd from when all coke is in the quench car until the
quench begtns.
b D, 5, and F.. are the methods described in Appendi x C (F = Method F), Columns D, F 1 , E, and F , are n terins of
sec;nds, Co umn F s an average oractty and duratwn o tune pertod, all F values are t; e ni inbcr of I’ct’od F
r.3c z.nqs >20% mnl plied by 15, sim-i.larly all. F 2 values are the number of M thod F readz .ngs >60% mulr z .plz.es hj 15.
C u’dtc es no data.
D-32
BATTERY 6 (Continued)
DECEMBER 7, 1976
1 0 0
0 0 0 230
60 0 3
0
10 O 45
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 26
11 0 0
0 0 1 14.30
2515 0
0
17 045
0 0 0 0
0 100 17 32
21 315 30
0 0 8 8:45
37 45 18
30
67 O 45
42 45 0 0
30 0:45 17 24
31 145 45
0 0 5 10:30
32 30 1
0
18 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 24
41 0 0
0 0 0 15.45
32 15 0
0
12 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 31
51 0 0
0 0 0 915
35 15 0
0
15 045
0 0 0 0
0 115 17 30
61 0 0
0 0 0 930
31 30 5
0
28 o 5
10 0 0 0
3 045 17 26
71 195 30
0 0 6 915
35 30 1
a
17 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 28
81 17 0
0 0 0 930
27 30 3
0
23 0.45
7 0 0 0
0 O 30 17 32
3 127 45
0 0 7 7 30
30 15 1
0
18 0.45
0 0 0 0
0 100 17 39
13 115 0
0 0 2 2000
25 15 0
0
10 0 45
0 0 0 0
0 0:45 17 47
2367 0
0 04 7:00
3230 0
0
20045
0 0 0 0
0 1-001739
33 54 30
0 0 5 9:45
25 15 1
0
12 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 35
43 17 0
0 0 5 7:00
34 30 7
0
28 045
— 0 0 0
2 045 17 35
53 - 0
0 0 7 6-15
35 15 3
0
22 0-45
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 33
63 0 I)
0 0 4 600
31 15 1
0
13 045
0 0 0 0
3 0:30 17 32
73 - -
0 - 6 45
32 30 0
0
20 045
0 0 0 0
2 0-30 17 29
83 — 0
0 0 8 5:45
27 15 0
0
13 045
0 0 0 0
0 030 17 27
5 33 75
0 0 11 545
30 15 4
0
17 045
0 0 0 0
0 0 45 17 27
45 - 0
0 0 0 930
31 15 1
0
15 045
- 0 0 0
0 0:45 17 22
55 0 0
0 00 400
3230 1
0
17045
0 0 0 0
0 0451719
65 13 0
0 0 5 400
35 30 5
0
22 045
8 0 0 0
0 0-45 17 29
75 15 0
0 0 4 415
29 15 0
0
17 0-45
0 0 0 0
0 0:45 17 39
85 0 0
0 0 6 300
31 30 0
0
22 030
0 0 0 0
2 0.45 23 36
7 50 45
0 0 11 5 30
27 15 0
0
12 045
0 0 0 0
0 100 17 38
17 28 30
0 0 4 10.00
35 30 3
0
20 0 45
0 0 0 0
0 1 00 17 41
27 30 15
0 0 9 645
30 15 2
0
13 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 41
37 0 0
0 0 1 9.15
31 0 1
0
10 045
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 41
47 19 0
0 0 4 600
28 15 2
0
17 0:45
0 0 0 0
0 045 17 50
57 195 180
0 0 15 7.30
37 30 10
15
47 0-45
10 0 0 0
2 0 45 17 43
75 - 0
- 0 - 015
DECEMBER
8,
1976
25 0:30
- 0 - 0
0 0 30 17 42
10 30 -
0
85 - 0
- 0 0 015
28 30 -
0
20 O 30
- 0 - 0
0 030 17 40
17 - 0
— 0 0 0:15
15 15 -
0
13 0-45
- 0 - 0
0 0-45 17 45
27 - 0
- 0 0 0-15
26 15 -
0
15 0 45
- 0 - 0
0 1.15 17 41
37 - 0
- 0 0 0-15
32 15 -
0
22 045
- 0 - 0
0 115 17 36
47 - 0
- 0 0 0.15
34 15 -
0
20 030
2 0 - 0
2 0:45 17 52
57 - 0
- 0 0 0:15
21 15 -
0
20 0.30
0 0 - 0
0 0:C5 18 00
67- 0
- 00 0:15
8- -
-
— -
0 0 - 0
0 0:301748
77 - 0
- 0 0 015
18 15 -
0
13 045
0 0 — 0
0 0: f 17 47
9 - 0
- 0 0 015
23 15 -
0
12 0.45
0 0 - 0
0 ‘) 4 17 45
29 - 0
- 3 0 0-15
24 15 -
0
10 0:60
- 0 - 0
0 045 17 46
39 - 0
- 0 0 015
9 15 -
0
18 0.30
- 0 - 0
0 0. 17 36
49 - 0
- 0 0 015
17 15 -
0
27 0.45
- 0 - 0
0 0.30 17 26
59 - 0
69 - 0
- 0 0 015
- 0 0 0.15
26 15 -
23 30 -
0
0
23 045
18 045
3 0 - 0
- 0 - 0
0 030 17 22
0 030 17 12
79 - 0
- 0 0 015
20 45 -
0
27 045
- 0 - 0
0 0-30 17 09
2 - 0
- 0 0 0-15
17 15 -
0
20 0-30
- 0 - 0
0 045 17 11
12 - 0
- 0 0 0.15
18 15 -
0
13 0 45
- 0 - 0
0 045 17 08
22 - 0
- 0 0 015
26 15 -
0
20 030
- 0 - 0
4 060 17 04
62 - 0
- 0 0 0-15
34 45 -
15
58 045
8 0 - 0
3 045 17 04
72 - 0
- 0 0 0.15
36 30 -
15
34 0:60
- 0 - 0
0 045 17 08

-------
TabLe 73
MET!! OD B - CIIARGING EI4TSSTONS DJ1TA
CO1/SECU’I’JVE CR4 ICES
USSC PA InFIELD WORKS
0 SERvERS: 11 12 13 BAITERY: 5 11—30—76
Oven No. Average 6 Sum 4 c rlean Sum 5 e Mean Sum 70 Mean Sum lO Mean 1O
oBSEPV RS: 21 22
23
BATTERY: 6 11—30—76
5
26.50
15
22.33
25
22.47
35
26.67
95.97
23.99
65
55
65
75
7
17
27
37
67
57
29.33
36.33
23.00
31.00
20.67
28.67
28.00
17.67
59.33
20.33
98.80
112.80
113.33
119.67
111.00
103.33
108.33
95.00
133.67
125.33
24.70
28.20
28.33
29.92
27.75
25.83
27.08
23.75
33.62
31.33
125.30
135.13
135.86
144.33
140.33
139.67
131.33
126.00
154.3,
154.00
25.06
27.03
27.16
2 .87
28.07
27.93
26.27
25.20
30.87
30.30
184.63
Th9.i3
187.67
193.67
197.00
135.33
203.13
2U .67
26.38
27.02
26.78
27.67
28.14
26.48
29.76
? .3a
264.97
2a6.47
2)1 . o
?98,47
?94.33
26.50
2’ .65
2 .18
29.87
2c.63
71
16.33
81
15.33
c3
7.67
.
‘
-JJ
21.33
60.67
15.17
43
16.67
61.00
15.25
77.33
15.47
53
40.00
85.67
21.42
jul.00
20.20
63
16.00
94.00
23.50
101.67
20,33
133,33
19.05
73
12.00
84.67
21.17
10 .00
21.20
129.00
18.63
83
22.33
90.33
22.58
107.00
21.1.0
136.JU
19.61
5
39.33
89.67
22.42
lth.67
25.93
lo?. 67
23.95
2u7.O&J
20.70
15
31.67
105.33
26.33
121.33
24.27
17 ..00
?5.43
222.3.)
22.23
25
27.33
120.67
30.17
lj .67
26.53
13b.67
26.95
236.33
23.43
35
79.67
178.00
46.50
200.33
60.07
228.33
3?.o2
335.33
3C. 3
45
38.33
177,00
64.25
216.33
43.27
25o.67
35.81
323.33
3?.53
55
17.67
163.00
40.75
194.67
‘8.93
25o.33
36.62
324.33
12.43

-------
Table 13
METHOD B - Cl/ARCING EMrssroNs DATAa
CONSECUTIVE Cl/A RGES
USSC PAIRFIELD WORKS
Oven No. Averageb Sum 4 Mean Sum 5 Mean Sum 79 Mean 711 Sum lO Mean ]O
OBSENVERS: 21 22 23 BATTERY; 5
1 2—01 —76
52.33
30.33
29.67
1 6 .33
25.67
25.67
25.33
39 .67
23.33
141 .00
128 .67
102 .00
97.33
93.00
116.33
11 4 • 00
229 • 33
32.1 7
25.50
26133
23.25
29.08
28.50
57.33
156.33
127.67
122 • 67
1 .67
139.67
255.03
DoSERVERS: 11 12 13 BATTERY; 6 1 —01—76
OBSERV [ RS: 11 12
13 BATTERY:
12
22
32
42
52
30.87
62
25.53
72
26.53
205 ,33
2ฐ .33
82
26.53
192.67
27.52
4
27.93
145.67
26.52
14
51.60
297.OC,
62.63
409.33
60.93
77
2.27
9
19.33
19
12.17
39
12.u O
45.77
11.64
•
1.9
34.00
77.50
1ฐ.37
79.77
15.95
59
33.67
91.83
22.96
111.17
22.23
79
17.00
96.67
24.17
108.83
21.77
1311.4.)
18.o3
8.o7
93.33
23.33
105.33
21.07
13o.8
1ฐ.55
62
6.97
72
10.17
82
10.00
16
33.67
58.80
14.70
56
8.33
62.17
15.54
13.43
o7.13
44
9.67
๔ l.67
15. 1 .2
14.37
71.83
16
11.67
63.33
15.83
14.67
73.33
88.47
12.64
26
13.17
42.83
10.71
15.30
7o.50
96.6?
13.81
36
7.67
4 .17
10.56
10.13
u.53
96.17
13.65
56
7.00
39.50
9.8?
9.83
69.17
91.17
13.02
116.30
11.63
76
17.83
65.67
11.42
11.47
57.33
75.33
10.76
129.17
12.c2
S
18
8.00
13.33
60.50
46.17
10.12
11.51.
10.73
10.77
53.67
5.83
7 .0J
S.6i
10.71
11.26
127.00
130.33
12.73
13.03
68
8.33
47.50
11.87
10.90
54.50
/5.33
10.76
l .i S.0J
10.50
7 5
11.33
61.00
10.25
11.77
5 .83
73.50
10.50
108.00
10.80
28
9.67
42.67
10.67
10.13
50.67
75.50
10.79
l Od.U0
10.80
1
6.67
36.00
9.00
9.87
49.33
75.17
10.74
103.00
10.30
5 12—02—76

-------
Table 13
METHOD B - CHARGING EMISSIONS DATAa
CONSECUTIVE CHARGES
USSC PA IRPIELD WORKS
“i n
No.
Averageb
Sum 4
Mean
4 d
Sum
5 Mean 51 Sum 7 Mean Sum lO Mean 11Y 1
0BSE1 VFPS:
41
2 12
t.o
21 .67
56
7.00
66
6.00
45.33
11.33
76
6.33
41.00
10.25
51.67
d
7.07
27.00
6.75
10.33
18
9.00
9.00
7.25
9.73
8
18.67
41.67
10.42
47.67
7.20
o8.33
9.76
68
6.00
41.33
10.33
9.53
76.33
10.90
73
3.67
37.33
9.33
67.57
65.00
9•53
o O. .s?
8.57
1
7.00
35.33
8.83
4 ...33
9.30
57.33
8.19
96.67
9. 7
ii
6.67
23.33
5.83
42.00
3.b7
8.33
8.33
93.01)
9.30
21
7.33
24.67
6.17
30.67
8.40
5 .67
2.38
76.00
7.81)
31
6.00
25.00
6.25
28.67
6.13
•
5 s,33
8.33
?d.33
7.83
51
31.33
9.33
12.33
. s.33
5.73
53.33
7.o2
76.33
7.o3
81
7.33
50.00
12.50
56.67
11.27
6 .00
S.63
11)1.33
10.13
3
18,67
61.33
15.33
o8.67
11.33
13.73
o7.33
9.62
101.0 (1
10.10
13
18.67
76.00
19.00
80.00
82.33
11.76
110.67
11.07
33
9.00
53.67
1 .42
8 .00
16.00
94.00
1’.43
110,47
11.07
63
22.67
69.00
17.25
76.33
17.1)0
9o.33
13.76
113.67
1 37
53
8.00
58.33
14.58
77.00
111.67
1 .95
132.67
13.27
63
7.0(1
46.67
11.67
05.33
15.40
11 .67
16.52
133.67
1 .37
73
16.00
53.67
13.62
.67
13.07
91.33
13.05
136,01)
13.40
5
8.07
39.67
9.92
12.53
100.01)
16. 9
14 .67
16,27
01

-------
Table 13
METHOD N - CHARGING EMISSIONS DATAa
CONSECUTIVE C /IA RGES
USSC /‘AIRPIET,D WORKS
Oven
No.
Averageb
Sum 4 C
Mean
4 d
Sum
5 e Mean Sum 7 g Mean 7 h Sum 1O Mean 10’
OBSERVFRS:
21
13 23
BATTERY:
( )
o.
23
10.33
33
12.23
43
26.00
64.50
16.12
53
6.00
53.17
13.29
70.cO
16.10
5.67
48.50
12.12
58.83
73
4.17
39.83
9.96
52. 7
11.77
3
11.67
27.50
6.87
51.50
10.53
00.33
11.48
15
10.17
31.67
7.92
3/.’ 7
74.67
10.67
45
67.67
93.67
23.42
99.33
7.53
74.50
10.64
55
5.33
94.83
23.71
99.00
IQ.87
19.60
1 9.33
18.63
1o9.83
16.98
65
6.00
87.17
21.79
110.67
15.81
157.83
15.78
75
3.17
80.17
20.04
90.33
19.77
1Qd , 7
15.52
151.50
15.15
7
4.67
17.17
6.29
84. 3
18,07
106.17
15.17
141.5. )
14.18
37
5.67
17.50
6.37
22.93
16.97
1CS.๓7
15.26
122.50
12.25
67
.O0
18.50
4.62
6.57
103.57
14.33
122.17
12.22
57
5.83
21.17
5.29
26.33
4.50
95.50
13.64
1 1 .5u
12,15
67
3.17
19.67
4.92
6.87
33.67
4. 1
12..17
12.32
77
11.67
25,67
6.62
31.33
6.57
31. Su
6.50
114.67
11.47
9
36.67
57.33
14.33
62.33
6.27
39.17
5.oO
11c .17
11.62
19
9.CO
60.50
15.12
o ,l3
72.67
10.38
85.17
8.52
29
12.00
๔9.33
17.33
? .5O
1 ,27
77.00
11.00
88.83
8.88
39
12.83
70.50
17.62
32.17
14.50
3.33
11.90
96,33
ฐ . 8
49
16.c 7
50.50
91.17
13.02
106.50
10.65

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Table 13
CBS Ei VFRS:
54
64
76
6
21 22 23
7.00
8 .b3
11.50
4.07
BATTERy: 05
32 .00
8.00
12—08—76
METhOD B - Cl/il UG 1/hG EMISSIONS DATAa
CONSCCUTIVE Cl/A RC AS
CISSC FAIRFIELD WORKS
Oven
No.
Averageb
Sum 4
Mean
4(1
Sum
5 e Mean Sum 7 g Mean 74 Sum iO Iean
UOSERVERS:
41
22 23
BATTERY:
14
6.00
24
6.33
34
6.00
26.33
6.58
44
13.67
30.00
7.50
60.00
54
2.00
26.00
6.50
32.00
8.00
64
6.33
2o.00
6.50
30.3
6.40
6
7.50
27.50
6.87
33. 0
6.07
4o.33
6.62
16
15.17
29.00
7.25
62.67
43.83
.26
5
5.17
32.17
8.04
34.17
8.53
53.00
7.57
36
6.17
34.00
8.50
38.33
6.83
5.83
7.69
76.17
7.42
56
2.33
28.83
7.21
54.00
7.71
70.33
7.03
66
5.50
19.17
6.79
36.33
7.27
42.47
6.10
๓o.67
6.67
48
3.00
17.00
4.25
22.17
6.87
46.17
6.6’)
o7.83
6.78
58
3.33
14.17
3.56
20.33
44.33
6.60
64.23
6.48
68
2.67
16.50
3.62
16.33
4.07
43.47
5.81
56.50
C 4C
78
12.50
21.50
5.37
27.00
3.37
5.40
.i7
4.02
55.17
5.52
1
5 33
23.83
5.96
2 .83
35.50
.Q7
63.33
6.33
11
2.17
22.67
5.67
2o.00
5 ,37
34.67
4.95
o l.17
6.12
21
3.33
23.33
5.83
26.00
5.20
36.50
4.93
6d.17
4.82
31
2.00
12.83
3.21
25.33
5.07
3 .33
4.62
4o.33
4.63
41
5.c ,7
13.17
3.29
18.50
3.70
31 .13
4.48
4 .17
6.22
51
2.33
13.83
3.46
1 .0U
,
3.20
3..6l
4.81
45.50
6.55
61
9.33
19.83
6.94
3 .83
4.8!
62.B
4.28
OBSERVERS:
13 32
33 BATTERY:
06
12—07—76
11
11.17
21
6.00
31
1.33
61
14.63
33.33
8.33
51
3.83
6.0J
6.50
37.17
7. 3
61
3.67
23.67
5.92
29.67
71
S .17
27.50
6.87
28.83
5.93
81
7.00
19.67
4.92
34.50
46.00
6.57
03
5.33
21.17
5.29
25.00
5.98
13
10 .83
28.33
7.08
3 .UO
5.00
61.17
5.88
c3
4.17
27.33
6.83
32.50
50.67
7.26
o9 .17
6.92
33
7.67
28.00
7.00
35.00
5.71
6 .17
6.22
63
2.17
26.83
6.21
30.1?
43.R.
6.26
6 .33
6.38
53
2.63
16.83
4.21
27.67
6.u3
5 ,57
42.33
6.05
u4.67
6.47
43
7.00
19.67
6.92
3.83
60.00
5.71
52.67
5.27
—4

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Thblc 13
METhOD B - Cl/ARCING EMISSIONS DATAa
CONSECUTIVE Cl/A RGES
USSC FAJRPiCLD WORKS
Oven No. Averageb Sum 4 Mean Sum 5 Mean Sum 79 Mean Sum lO’ Mean 10’
OOSERVFRc: 11 12 13 BATTERY: 06 12—08—76
72
9.83
b2
17.17
6
39.17
14
16.50
82.67
20.67
26
8.17
81.00
20.25 90.83
OdSERVERS: 21 12 41 BATTERY: 06 12—08—76
65
4.33
75
4.33
7
4.33
27
24.33
37.33
9.33
37
7.33
40.33
10.08
.4.67
47
7.67
43.67
10.92
48.00
57
3.67
43.00
10.75
47.33
67
5.33
24.00
6.00
63.33
77
6.00
22.67
5.67
33.00
9
26.00
61.00
10.25
48.67
29
4.67
42.00
10.50
45.67
39
11.67
48.33
12.08
53.67
69
8.33
50.67
12.67
50.67
59
7.33
32.00
8.00
58.00
69
4.57
32.00
8.00
36.67
79
6.67
5.00
6.25
36.67
12
13.67
30.33
7.58
.6.67
52
20.33
43.33
10.83
50.67
18.17
8.93
9.60
9.47
56.00
8.00
9.67
57.03
8.14
6.00
58.67
3.38
9.73
30.33
11.68
c .33
9.33
9.13
6 .67
8.67
93.67
9.37
10.73
o5.03
9.29
1 1.01)
10.10
11.33
.
65.67
9.38
105.00
10.50
11.๓ O
o9.
9.93
38.00
8.80
7.33
63.67
9.81
85.33
8..,3
7•37
o7.33
9.62
b .33
S. 3
7.73
55.00
7.36
92.33
‘.23
10.13
7j.67
10.10
137.33
10.73
06
13.17
16
23.33
26
6.83
36
5.17
48.50
12.12
66
29.17
64.50
16.12
77.67
15.53
56
8.17
49.33
12.33
72.57
16.53
66
5.20
47.70
11.92
S4. 3
10.91
91.03
13.00
76
4.50
47.03
11.76
52.20
10.64
8. .37
11.77
08
11.50
29.37
7.36
58.53
11.71
70.63
10.08
15
3.83
25.03
6.26
33. U
6.o4
ol.53
0•55
1 0. 7
11.09
8
3.00
22.83
5.71
2 8.03
5.61
65.37
9.34
130.70
10.07
38
66.33
62.67
15.67
67.1?
13.43
83.c3
11.50
11.70
12.17
58
7.33
58.50
16.62
70.00
16.00
79.70
11.39
12 .2U
1 .22
05
7.67
62.33
15.58
63.17
13.23
8 .17
11.74
124.70
12.47
OBSERVFRS: 13 32 33 BATTERY: 05 12—09—76

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Table 13
METHOD B - ChARGING EMISSIONS DATAa
CONSECUTIVE CHARGES
USSC E’/IIRPIELD WO’?A’S
e f
Sum 5 Mean 5
a BACT charges only
b 1verage number of seconds of any visible emissions for alt
c Suni of averages for four consecutive observations.
d The mean of the sun of averages for four consecutive obqervations
e Sum of averages for five consecutive observations
f The irsan of the ewn of averages for five eonsccuttve observations
g Sure of averages for seven consecutive ohbervatvorw
hi The mean of the sum of averages for seven consecutive obbervations
i Sum of aucra/co for ten concecutive observations
j The mean of the ewe of averages for ten consecutive observattorw
Oven 110 Averageb Sum 4 C Mean
0BSF VFRS; 11 21 22 BATTERY: 06 12—09—76
Sum 7 g Mean 7 Sum lO Mean 1O
26
30.67
34
5.23
51.
5.67
66
.1.7
45.03
11,26
74
12.33
26.70
6.b7
57,37
11 ,47
06
12.00
33.67
8.37
38.70
7.74
16
6.00
31.80
7.95
37.67
7.69
73.37
10.1.8
26
5.33
3.67
8,42
.7.13
7.43
48.O.
6.86
36
2.60
24.13
6.03
36.47
7.29
45.60
6.51
66
11.67
3.8tJ
5.95
35.60
7.16
51.60
7.37
93.17
c.32
56
3.63
23.23
5.81
7 .?3
5.45
51.57
7.37
65.93
5,59
56
13.67
31.57
7.89
36.9C
7.38
52.90
7.56
74.37
7.64
76
5.13
33.90
8,47
3o.70
7.34
5.58
73.33
7. ,8
08
2.93
25.17
6.29
7.37
64.97
6.62
73.30
7 . 3
18
7.80
24.53
6.13
7.97
5.59
4 .63
6.06
o3.77
6.38
28
3.87
14.73
3.68
2 .40
v.68
43. U
6.21
55.63
C ,56
38
25.00
34.60
8.65
. 9.73
7.95
56.83
8.12
7a.63
7.o6
48
3.5?
35.20
8.80
38.13
7.63
56.93
8.13
76.83
7.48
58
6.53
3o.93
9.23
3 .73
7.95
•
67.80
6.83
76.57
7.66
68
4.07
37.13
9.28
41,00
8.20
6.68
68.97
6.90
7o
4.60
16.53
4.13
41.S3
P .31
6 . ..20
6. .$9
69.93
6.99
11
6.00
17.00
6.25
jQ ,53
4.11
69. 4u
7.06
o O.27
6.03
31
6. 53
16.80
4.20
fl.3 3
6.27
49.87
7.1’
59.47
5.95
21
5.33
16.07
6.52
2 .13
6.43
30. ’ iJ
ฃ.. 1
t1.37
6.19
three observers.

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