United States
Environmental Protection
Office of Pollution
Prevention and Toxics
Washington, DC 20460
January 1992
&EPA Pollution
2 Green light Update
^ Emissions Trading
4 Environmental
5 EPA Administrator's
^ Case Study
7 In the States:
^ Calendar
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Pollution Prevention News
401 M Street SW (PM-222B)
Washington, DC 20460
Editorial Staff:
Priscilla Flattery, Editor
Gilah Langner
Editor's Corner
Jerry Kotas
Director, Pollution Prevention Division
1992 is shaping up as another important
year in pollution prevention. The level of
activity and sophistication that we are
achieving in environmental programs in all
sectors of society is something to be proud of.
Pollution prevention is getting more
attention in all sectors. However, implemen-
tation of the concept and of the required
changes in institutions continues to be a
slow process.
With the economy currently in a slow
phase, the pollution prevention message is
more important than ever. Industry shows
us in case after case that significant reduc-
tions are feasible with minimal capital
outlays. Where more significant investments
are being made in clean/efficient pollution
prevention technologies, they generally lead
to improvements in efficiency and in
Taking these steps does not invite further
government intervention into industrial
processes. Rather, it involves positive
collaboration between public and private
sectors to achieve technological and manage-
ment innovations. This is the message that is
slowly being understood and that must be
reinforced to a still broader audience in 1992.
First Air Toxics Rule under CAA Includes
Pollution Prevention Provision
Dry cleaning facilities required to
EPA's first proposed air toxic rule under
the new Clean Air Act is aimed at reducing
emissions of the air toxic perchloroethylene
(also called PCE or PERC) from dry cleaning
facilities. The rule would include pollution
prevention provisions that require a mixture
of equipment changes, operating practices,
and maintenance procedures. PCE, the most
widely used solvent in dry cleaning, is on
the list of 189 air pollutants whose sources
EPA must regulate within the next 10 years
under Title III of the new Clean Air Act.
The proposal would require cleaners to
control PCE emissions using either the
maximum achievable control technology
(MACT) or generally available control
technology (GACT), depending on the size
of the facility and whether it is new or
existing. Mandated pollution prevention
reduce PERC emissions
procedures include good operation and
maintenance for dry cleaning machines and
auxiliary equipments such as solvent tanks.
Operators would be required to conduct a
weekly inspection to prevent solvent
emissions from broken or improperly
operating equipment. The proposal also
requires periodic recordkeeping of the
amount of PCE used.
Currently, the dry cleaning industry
emits over 92,000 tons of PCE annually into
the atmosphere. The proposed rule would
reduce this emission level by 13-26 percent
by 1996. The proposal will affect both
industrial and commercial cleaners, likely
affecting about 3,700 out of an estimated
25,200 dry cleaning facilities in the nation.
For more information, contact George Smith
(919-541-1549) or Fred Porter (919-541-5251).
Printed on Recycled Paper

Pollution Prevention News - 2
January 1992
How Many Organizations Does it
Take to Change their Light Bulbs?
Green Lights Counts 150+ Partners in Sweeping Energy-Efficiency Program
Last October, Naperville, IL became the first city to sign up for
EPA's Green Lights Program, joining 6 states and more than 150
corporations in making a commitment to energy-efficient lighting.
By joining the program, Naperville has committed to assess and
upgrade its lighting where applicable with energy-efficient lighting
technologies over 787,000 square feet of space.
Green Lights participants are starting to report significant cost
savings and progress in their assessments and upgrades. Amtech
Lighting Services, a Green Lights Ally, recently helped out in Bank
of America's lighting upgrade of more than 400 of its facilities in
California. Originally planned as project involving delamping and
installing reflectors only, the scope of the proejct widened to
include custom-made reflectors, electronic ballasts, and compact
fluorescent conversion units. Energy savings are projected at over
$1 million annually. The pollution prevention results of such
energy savings mean annual reductions of 16 million pounds of
C02 emissions, 117,000 pounds of S02, and 62,000 pounds of
nitrous oxides.
EPA Support
Green Lights Partners and Allies receive a wide range of
support services. Currently available resources include: the Green
Lights video for internal educational purposes and marketing
purposes; a series of two-day workshops scheduled around the
coutnry through June 1992; a 400-page Lighting Upgrade Manual
that guides users in each step in the lighting upgrade process; Light
Briefs, a series of short technical fact sheets on lighting technology,
available in camera-ready form for reproduction and distribution;
a monthly newsletter and information packet; and a software
program containing a Utility Database and Financing Registry to
help Partners and Allies locate utility incentive programs and
financing resources to support lighting upgrades.



Occupancy sensor automatically switches lights on
Occupancy sensor automatically switches lights off"
Occupancy Sensors
Lighting makes up about 40% of commercial
building energy consumption. Single-person
offices are usually occupied only about 4 hours a
day, but often the lights are left on as much as 24
hours a day, seven days a week. With an occu-
pancy sensor — an automatic switch that controls
lighting based on the presence or absence of people
— you can save 30-50% of the energy used for
lighting. Other areas where occupancy sensors
work well: hallways, lounges, computer rooms,
conference rooms, classrooms, storage rooms,
copier rooms, warehouse aisles, and loading docks.
•»t«l Pro**'
Has your organization
joined Green Lights?
For information:
Call: Green Lights
Customer Service Center
Write: Green Lights
Program, U.S. EPA,
Global Change Division
401 M Street SW (ANR-445)
Washington, DC 20460

january 1992
3 - Pollution Prevention News
Emissions Trading Takes Off
Regulated entities increasingly are
being given the power to determine
how they can most cost effectively
comply with tough new emissions
standards. One example of this market-
based approach to regulation is emis-
sions trading, whereby regulators set
emissions limits and allow entities to
allocate among themselves who emits
how much through the trading of
allowances or credits.
Emissions trading is not brand
new — EPA has had a policy allowing
emissions trading since 1986. But the
concept has come of age with the 1990
amendments to the Clean Air Act,
which make emissions trading a
cornerstone in EPA's plan to address
acid rain. Through trading, S02 emis-
sions will be reduced 40 percent below
1980 levels by the year 2000.
Buying and Selling Acid Rain?
The centerpiece of the program is an
innovative market-based trading system
of sulfur dioxide (SO,) allowances. An
allowance gives its holder the right to
emit one ton of S02 per year. Each year
EPA will allocate allowances to affected
sources (mainly existing electric power
plants) based on specified emission
rates and historic fuel use.
Utilities then must either reduce their
sulfur dioxide emissions to the level of
the allowances they hold, or obtain
additional allowances to cover their
Got $1500 to Spare?
Under a rule issued on December 5,
1991, any private citizen, broker, util-
ity or environmental group may ac-
quire EPA's S02 allowances through
auction or direct sale. The allowances
will be sold, starting in 1993, for a
fixed price of $1,500 apiece on a first-
come, first-serve basis. However,
auctions and direct sales will cover
less than 3 percent of the total allow-
ances available. The other 97% are
reserved for the 110 existing electric
utilities in Phase 1 and another 700
smaller plants in Phase II.
emissions — they may not
emit more sulfur dioxide
than is covered by their
allowances. If utilities
reduce their emissions
below the number of
allowances they hold, they
can sell the excess allow-
ances for a profit, trade
them within their systems,
or bank them for future
use. The trading system is
a key part of a two-phased
reduction in annual SO,
emissions of 10 million
tons by the year 2000.
The idea behind the
EPA allowance system is
"to harness the creativity
and incentives of the free
market to achieve significant reductions
of acid-rain causing emissions at the
lowest possible cost," according to
Eileen Claussen, director of EPA's Office
of Atmospheric and Indoor Air Pro-
grams. Seizing the profit-making
potential that the new acid rain system
offers, the Chicago Board of Trade is
pursuing the establishment of a futures
trading market that allows entities and
brokers to purchase and trade sulfur
dioxide allowances.
Charitable Emissions
Recent deals made under other
programs show that the emissions
trading concept does work. In 1991,
Procter & Gamble sold credits of nitrous
oxides, carbon monoxide and hydrocar-
bons from its Long Beach, CA plant to
the nearby March Air Force Base. Also
in 1991, P&G's Paper Products Co. in
Oxnard, CA, purchased reactive organic
compounds from 3M Data Storage
Products in Camarillo, CA. 3M donated
the $1.5 million in proceeds from the
sale to the Ventura County Community
Foundation, in California, to establish a
fund to improve the county's air quality.
The advantages of emissions trading
include the flexibility it provides to meet
emissions ceilings in the way that best
fits a company's operations. That
flexibility can result in cost savings; the
Ventura County Supervisor Maggie Erickson Kildee announcing the
creation of a $1.5 million clean-air fund with the proceeds of an
emissions transaction from 3M Camarillo to P&G Paper Products in
Oxnard. Also: Dick Baldwin, Ventura County Air Pollution Control
Dist., Laura McAvoy, Ventura County Comm. Fdn., and Kevin
Rubey, 3M Camarillo.
limited amount of trading that compa-
nies such as Armco, Du Pont, USX and
3M did in the past "resulted in more
than $4 billion in savings in control costs
with no adverse effect on air quality,"
according to Project '88, a public policy
study sponsored by Sen. Timothy Wirth
and the late Sen. John Heinz.
Emissions trading also supports new
technology, according to Thomas Zosel,
manager of pollution prevention
programs for 3M. "New technology
cannot be guaranteed," Zosel says. "If
new technology doesn't perform as we
expect it will, without trading, we may
have to rip it out. With trading, we can
keep it, improve on it while it is in
operation, and buy credits to make up
the difference between the technology
and what the regulations require."
A disadvantage of emissions trading?
The concept is unpopular with some of
the public, including environmentalists
who view it as an inappropriate way for
industry to turn a profit. Zosel believes
that much of the criticism comes from a
misunderstanding of how trading
works. "People are not aware that when
you make trades, it's never 1 to 1. If you
continue to trade, you continue to have
reductions." For example, under 3M's
recent trade with P&G, Ventura County
rules required that P&G purchase 78
tons of emissions to get the 50 tons it
needed for its plant expansion, thereby
permanently eliminating 28 tons.

Pollution Prevention News - 4
January 1992
Environmental Education
Conference Emphasizes Partnerships
A sense of interest and excitement about environmental
education marked a November 1991 conference, "Building a
Shared Vision for Environmental Education," which brought
together more than 350 participants for three days in Wash-
ington, D.C. Speakers stressed that forming partnerships
among government, school systems, environmental groups,
and industry will be the most effective route to strengthening
environmental education in the 1990s. The value of investing
resources in training teachers, each one of whom in turn can
reach many students, was another recurring theme.
Former Wisconsin senator Gaylord Nelson, now counselor
to the Wilderness Society, won a standing ovation with a
stirring address that called for "nurturing a conservation
generation." EPA Administrator William K. Reilly addressed
the conference by video, outlining the agency's educational
priorities. Other speakers included Deputy Administrator F.
Henry Habicht, Interior Secretary Manuel Lujan, Deputy
Secretary of Education David Kearns, and Bill Kurtis, host of
the acclaimed PBS series "The New Explorers."
Conference participants divided into 12 working groups
representing different sectors of environmental education to
discuss priorities for their fields, and their conclusions were
presented to the conference at large. The working group
reports may be used as the basis for future regional work-
shops, and may also be incorporated into the report to
Congress of the recently appointed Environmental Education
Advisory Council.
Participants included representatives of federal, state, and
local governments, schools, environmental groups, industry,
and EPA. The conference was sponsored by EPA in coopera-
tion with the Federal Task Force on Environmental Educa-
Earth Notes
EPA's Office of Environmental Education (OEE) recently
launched Earth Notes, a quarterly publication for elementary
school educators. The periodical features first-hand accounts
of environmental education in the classroom, as well as
information on EPA resources. To be put on the mailing list,
write to Earth Notes at Mail Code A-107, U.S. EPA, 401 M
Street SW, Washington, DC 20460.
Environmental Education Grants
EPA's Office of Environmental Education is soliciting
grant proposals for environmental education programs in
state and local governments, schools, and non-profit organi-
zations. Emphasis will be placed on projects that develop
and disseminate environmental education curricula, involve
field activities, provide training in specific geographic areas,
and encourage cooperation on environmental issues between
the U.S. and Canada or Mexico. Applications will be consid-
ered for grants of up to $250,000. However, 25 percent of the
$2.5 million in funds must be allocated to grants of $5,000 or
less. For more information, call (703) 847-3036.
OEE is also reviewing 10 proposals from universities and
non-profit institutions to operate a $1.5 million training and
education program for environmental education profession-
als. An EPA panel chose the 10 from among 80 pre-proposals
that it screened last fall. An award is expected to be made in
the spring.
Resource Listing Available
EPA has compiled an annotated compendium of educa-
tional materials on environmental issues. Entries are diverse,
with materials described ranging from workbooks to curricu-
lum plans, posters and pamphlets, newsletters, films, and
computer software. For more information, contact the U.S.
EPA/OEE, Mail Code A-107, 401 M St. SW, Washington, DC
Computerized Clearinghouse Expected Soon
The Office of Environmental Education is developing a
clearinghouse of federal government materials on environ-
mental education. The clearinghouse will be available in the
form of a user-friendly database accessible by modem. An
interagency database of more than 2600 educational items
relating to pollution prevention, compiled by the Pollution
Prevention Environmental Education Task Force, is already
available on the Pollution Prevention Information Clearing-
house and was demonstrated at the "Building a Shared
Vision" conference (see article above). The full database is
expected to be available by the fall of 1992. For more informa-
tion, call Michael Torrusio at 202-260-2053.
H.K. Means Healthy Kids in Kansas
A cartoon squirrel named H.K. is the star of a new envi-
ronmental awareness campaign for young children in
Kansas, called "Healthy Kansans, Healthy Kids." The mascot
is featured in public service announcements, a coloring calen-
dar, and a teachers' activity guide with 12 hands-on activities
for children from kindergarten through fourth grade.
Through the games, nature walks, and other activities in
the guide, children are encouraged to develop ways to reuse
disposables, conserve energy, identify household toxic
substances, and protect the environment in other ways. The
materials are available from the Kansas Dept. of Health and
Environment, Office of Health and Environmental Education,
Rm 1051, 900 SW Jackson, Topeka, KS 66612-1290.

January 1992
5 - Pollution Prevention News
Kids for Saving Earth
A Pint-Size Dream Grows 350,000 Strong
o ^^ ¦ What environmental group was
^	'a founded in 1990, charges no dues,
and has more than 350,000
I	members worldwide? Here's a
hint: Most members cannot
qualify for a driver's license.
The group is Kids for Saving
Earth. An 11-year-old boy named
Clinton Hill started KSE as an
environmental club in his Minnesota
6th-grade class in 1988, and he dreamed of involving kids
everywhere. But in December of that year, he was discovered
to have a brain tumor, and he died 11 months later. His
parents resolved to use their son's artwork and writings
about KSE to make his dream of a worldwide group come
true. The Hills found a generous corporate sponsor in Target,
a Minnesota-based discount store chain, and KSE was
officially launched on Earth Day 1990.
Today, KSE is comprised of more than 10,000 small clubs
in the U.S., Canada, and around the world. Clubs are based
mostly in schools, but also in scout troops and other youth
groups, each with a teen or adult advisor. Clubs generally
meet twice a month after school, at recess, or on weekends.
Most members are between 7 and 12 years old, but there is no
age limit. Every member receives a colorful quarterly news-
letter filled with background information about the environ-
ment and activity ideas from other members.
KSE members participate in national efforts, such as
writing letters to fast-food companies urging them not to use
foam packaging, as well as local projects, including environ-
mental fairs, tree-planting, cleanup days, and much more.
KSE groups have found hundreds of creative ways to raise
environmental consciousness in their families and communi-
ties, with remarkable success.
"KSE empowers these kids," says Jeri Layton of St. Louis,
Mo., a KSE national advisor. "They learn that they don't have
to be grown up to do something about the environment."
Members need not "grow out of" KSE, Layton says. Teens
are encouraged to form clubs for more advanced activities,
and can avoid the "kids" stigma by not using the KSE name.
"They're tomorrow's consumers; they're tomorrow's voters.
If it becomes part of their lifestyle, this is what's going to save
the environment," she says.
Adults continually marvel at the childrens' activism. "The
kids don't look like the spoiled generation that some adults
think they are," Layton says. One chastened but proud father
told Layton that at his 7th-grade son's encouragement, the
family collected a carload of recyclables and brought them to
a local center, where they received 60 cents in compensation.
"All that for only 60 cents," the disappointed father
"Dad," his son replied, "we're not in this for the money."
KSE can be reached by writing P.O. Box 47247, Plymouth, MN
55447. Tel: 612-525-0002.
EPA Administrator's Awards
EPA invites all sectors of society to participate in the EPA
Administrator's Awards Program. EPA Administrator
William K. Reilly established this annual national pro-
gram to recognize excellence in efforts to work toward a
cleaner environment. The program will highlight differ-
ent areas of progress each year. This year, the awards
will showcase achievements in pollution prevention.
Award-winning projects will serve as national models.
Awards will be announced by the Administrator in April
during Earth Day celebrations. The deadline for applica-
tions is Feb. 13,1992. Contact your EPA Regional Office:
U.S. EPA - Region I
Frank Mclntyre
JFK Federal Building/RPM
Boston, MA 02203
U.S. EPA - Region II
Teresa Ippolito (OEP)
26 Federal Plaza, Room 905
New York, NY 10278
U.S. EPA - Region III
Danielle Algazi (3ES43)
841 Chestnut Building
Philadelphia, PA 19107
U.S. EPA - Region IV
Carol Monelt
345 Courtland St., NE
Atlanta, GA 30365
U.S. EPA - Region V
Corinne Kruse (5PI-19J)
77 W. Jackson
Chicago, IL 60604
IL, IN, Ml, MN, OH, WI
U.S. EPA - Region VI
Laura Townsend (6-M-PP)
First Interstate Bank Twr
1445 Ross Avenue, Ste 1200
Dallas, TX 75202-2733
U.S. EPA - Region VII
Alan Wehmeyer
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
U.S. EPA - Region VIII
Sharon Childs (8PM-SIPO)
999 18th Street, Suite 500
Denver, CO 80202-2405
U.S. EPA - Region IX
Jessie Baskir (H-l-B)
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94105-3901
AZ, CA, HI, NV, Amer. Samoa,
Guam, Trust Terr, of the Pacific
U.S. EPA - Region X
Carolyn Gangmark
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101





Pollution Prevention News - 6
January 1992
Case Studies from the Pollution Prevention Research Branch
Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment
at an Optical Fabrication Laboratory
The Risk Reduction Engineering
Laboratory (RREL) of the EPA's Office
of Research and Development is
supporting the Waste Reduction
Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS)
Program which focuses on waste
minimization research opportunities
and technical assessments at federal
One of the sites chosen for perfor-
mance of a waste minimization opportu-
nity assessment under the WREAFS
Program is the Fitzsimmons Army
Medical Center Optical Fabrication
Laboratory (FAMC/OFL) in Denver,
Glass lens fabrication operations at
the OFL generate three RCRA hazard-
ous wastes: (1) waste lead-bearing lens
blocking alloy (D008) particulates,
which are reclaimed and recycled at the
OFL, to the extent possible; (2) alkaline
washwater from ground and polished
lens cleaning and deblocking operations
(D002), which is discharged to the
wastewater treatment plant and ulti-
mately used on the FAMC grounds for
irrigation; and (3) spent Stoddard
solvent from the tool cleaning opera-
tions (D001) which is recycled off-site.
The operations also generate one
nonhazardous waste (ground glass fines
from lens grinding and polishing
operations) which are collected from the
present on-site grinding coolant filtra-
tion operations and disposed of at a
local sanitary landfill.
Results of the assessment conducted
at the OFL identified three waste
minimization opportunities involving
materials in use at the laboratory. These
options are summarized below. Of the
three waste-related opportunities
identified in the assessment, two
represent waste reduction for RCRA
hazardous wastes, while the remaining
option represents an opportunity to
reduce or eliminate nonhazardous
waste. None of these options represents
substantial capital outlays or appre-
ciable operating cost savings.
Waste Minimization
Waste Alkaline Washwater:
Alkaline washwater from the glass
lens cleaning/deblocking operation is
currently discharged from the OFL after
passing through a trap to collect large
particulates of the lead-bearing lens
blocking alloy. This wastewater (still
containing dissolved lead and submi-
cron lead particulates) is discharged
periodically from the glass lens washing
machines at the rate of approximately
200 gal/mo, at a pH of about 13 to 14, to
the FAMC on-site central water treat-
ment facility and ultimately used on the
FAMC grounds for irrigation. It is
proposed that this be avoided in one of
two ways:
(1)	Use of a source reduction
technique—the substitution of a non-
lead-bearing blocking alloy.
(2)	Use of a recycling technique—
introducing a cartridge filter in the
line leaving the trap from the lens
washing/deblocking operation in
order to catch the submicron-size
alloy particulates. This technique
could recover up to 500 lb/yr of
particulate material that would
ultimately be recycled to the lens
blocking operation.
Glass Fines from the Glass Lens
Grinding Operation:
The OFL currently generates about
37.5 ton/yr of a mixture of waste glass
fines and water from the lens grinding
operation. This material is not a hazard-
ous waste under the RCRA definition.
The OFL currently sends this waste to a
local landfill, thereby incurring both the
transportation and landfilling costs. A
potential use for this material is as
feedstock in glass or ceramic tile
production by a local facility; if a facility
could be identified that would use the
OFL waste material, land disposal costs
would be eliminated.
The project summary entitled:
"Waste Minimization Opportunity
Assessment: Optical Fabrication Labora-
tory, Fitzsimmons Army Medical
Center, Denver, Colorado" is available
by contacting U.S. EPA/RREL, Pollution
Prevention Research Branch (MS-466),
26 W. Martin Luther King Drive,
Cincinnati, OH 45268.
Enforcement/Prevention Settlement
In EPA Region 1, pollution prevention is one of the results of a recent enforce-
ment case brought under Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Commu-
nity Right-to-Know Act. The firm involved is Balzers, a manufacturer of high
technology vacuum equipment for thin film processing and cryogenic equip-
ment for laboratory applications, located in Hudson, NH. The settlement
contains an agreement for the company to undertake a $50,000 supplemental
environmental project, involving the installation of semi-aqueous cleaning units
and the conversion of existing ultrasonic finishing systems used in the turbo
pump repair process from freon-based to an agitation/filtration system utiliz-
ing a biodegradable cleaning agent. The project will permanently reduce the
use of freon-113 by at least 66% at the company's New Hampshire and Califor-
nia facilities.
Pollution Prevention Advisor is
a quarterly newsletter for the
nuclear weapons complex pub-
lished by DOE's Office of Defense
Programs. The 8-page newsletter
highlights strategies and technolo-
gies for pollution prevention,
covers workshops and conferences,
and reports on progress at DOE
installations. For subscriptions,
contact James F. Betschart at

In the States
7 - Pollution Prevention News
Delaware Launches Green Industries Initiative
The Delaware Development Office
(DDO) and the Department of Natural
Resources and Environmental Control
(DNREC) are collaborating on a Green
Industries Initiative that promotes
source reduction and the use of recycled
materials within Delaware's manufac-
turing sector.
Businesses may be eligible for the
Green Industries program if they fit into
one of the following four categories:
•	Companies whose raw materials
and /or components of production
are composed of at least 25% recycled
materials or materials removed from
the municipal waste stream.
•	Companies engaged in the process-
ing and/or recycling of materials
removed from the municipal waste
stream for resale to manufacturers as
a raw material or component of
•	Companies engaged in the collection
and distribution of recycled materials
which have been generated in
•	Companies that voluntarily reduce
waste generation in their manufac-
turing processes by 20% for chemi-
cals reported under the Toxics
Release Inventory or 50% for other
A combination of technical and
financial assistance will be offered to
industries participating in the program.
Technical assistance includes:
•	Site selection assistance;
•	Employee education, recruit-
ment, and training assistance;
•	Expedited environmental
permit reviews;
•	Voluntary environmental
compliance audits;
•	Assistance with local govern-
ment review and approvals;
•	Marketing assistance for
recycled materials through the
Northeast Industrial Waste
Exchange and Delaware specific
•	Technical information and
waste reduction case histories
available through Delaware's
Pollution Prevention Clearing-
house; and
•	Advocacy for other state and
local approvals.
Economic assistance will be available
in two forms: tax incentives and financ-
ing programs. The tax incentive
programs under the Green Industries
Initiative are not in place as yet. DDO
and DNREC will seek a modification of
the Blue Collar Jobs Act of 1984 in the
1992 Delaware legislative session to
expand the Act to include additional
benefits for participating industries.
Proposed at this time are tax credits
based on quantities of waste reduction,
capital investment and/or the creation
of jobs within Delaware's manufactur-
ing sector. Tax credits and gross
receipts tax exemptions will be made
available to manufacturers that volun-
tarily reduce process waste generation,
eligible industries that establish new
facilities or expand existing operations
and those that locate within targeted
census tracts.
For business financing needs, DDO
will make available all applicable
financing programs. Delaware small
businesses (100 or fewer employees)
which are eligible for program benefits
will, as part of the Small Business
Revolving Line of Credit and Enhance-
ment Fund, be offered financing for
fixed assets as well as working capital at
reduced interest rates. This small
business financing program is currently
in place and would allow a direct loan
from the State of up to 25% of the total
loan package, not to exceed $100,000.
For further information on the Green
Industries Initiative, contact Philip J.
Cherry at 302-739-5071 or Andrea K.
Farrell at 302-739-3822.
Noteworthy Items
The first U.S. Government Buy
Recycled Products Trade Fair and
Showcase will be held June 29-30 in
Washington D.C. Special sessions
will join suppliers with procure-
ment people and cover how to sell
recycled content products to
government agencies. Sponsored
by DOD, EPA, GSA, CEQ, and
OMB. Contact: Holt, Ross & Yulish,
Inc., 908-287-0074.
A Recycled Products Information
Clearinghouse (RPIC) has been set
up by the Center for Earth Resource
Management Applications, Inc., as
an outgrowth of EPA's Procurement
Guidelines Hotline and with
support from EPA. RPIC is avail-
able for answering questions about
EPA guidelines for purchasing
recycled products and will provide
information on other recycled
products, including product
performance, definitions, standards,
and specifications. Contact: Dana
Arnold, 703-750-1158.
The Southwest Public Recycling
Association (SPRA) is a regional
effort created in January 1991 by
mayors and staff from 20 south-
western cities in Arizona, Colorado,
Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.
The association's goal is to improve
existing markets for recyclable
materials, attract new recycling
industries to the southwest and
increase the "buy recycled" pur-
chasing power of the public sector.
SPRA is partially funded by a grant
from EPA Regions 8 and 9. For
more information, contact SPRA at

Pollution Prevention News - 8		 January 1992
BioCycle West Coast
BioCycle Magazine
March 2-4
San Francisco, CA
Globe '92
Government of
March 16-20
Vancouver, BC
Tel: 604-666-8020
Fax: 604-666-8123
Spring Conference
Investment Recovery
April 7-9
San Antonio, TX
J.J. Wherry
33/50 Program, Regional
Workshop Series
April 9
Edison, NJ
Rita Jones, PEER
22nd Annual BioCycle
National Conference
BioCycle Magazine
May 13-15
St. Louis, MO
Recycling Technology
Plastics Institute of
May 19-21
Arlington, VA
Irene Sacks
International Composting
Research Symposium
U.S. EPA, Ohio State
University, others
May 27-29
Columbus, OH
Sarah Seiling
Earth Summit—U.N. Conference
on Environment and Development
United Nations
June 1-12
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
CFC & Halon Recycling Program;
World Recycling Conference & Expo
Recycling Today
June 2-4
Rosemont, IL
Bob Mignarri
Second U.S. Conference on
Municipal Solid Waste Management
June 3-5
Arlington, VA
Tel: 202-260-6263
Fax: 202-260-4196
Pollution Prevention in the
Manufacture of Pulp and Paper
June 3-6
Washington, DC
JT&A, Inc.
11th Annual New England
Resource Recovery C&E
N.H. Resource Recovery
June 9-11
Cromwell, CT
85th Annual Meeting &
Air & Waste Management
June 19-22
Kansas City, MO
Debbie Reichert
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Protection Agency (PM-222B)
Washington, DC 20460
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