United States	Press Office (A-107)
Environmental Protection	Washington DC 20460
&EPA Environmental
THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1980	Casey (202) 755-0344
EPA ISSUES NEW	The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued
AUTO INSPECTIONS two regulations that will assist motorists in
States and metropolitan areas that have adopted auto
emission inspections as part of their air clean-up plans.
The regulations establish an EPA approved
emission testing method for cars to determine if 1981
and later model year c.'rs and light duty trucks
exceed tailpipe standards. It also sets up a warranty
program which shifts the cost of repairs to the
emission control system back to the manufacturer if
a car fails the inspection test because of equipment
failure, provided the car owner has followed the
manufacturer's recommended maintenance instructions.
The Agency's Assistant Administrator for Air Programs
David G. Hawkins said, "Car owners who have conscien-
tiously maintained their cars and whose cars fail a
state or local emission test now have protection
if the real cause of test failure is attributable to
the manufacturer. I believe this will encourage states
to more vigorously move forward with emission test
programs, certainly the nujst effective action possible
to reduce auto pollution."
EPA said that 29 states are expected to ha lission
inspection maintenance programs by 1982.

The emissions test, or "short test", is a quick, simple
method used on warmed-up vehicles to identify emission
levels. It correlates with the Federal Test Procedure
(FTP) used to check new car compliance with emission standards.
EPA said the short test would not give the same precise
results as the FTP, but it is capable of screening out the
highest emissions.
Study results of a Portland, Oregon I/M program showed
average hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions were
reduced as much as 47 and 54 percent after cars underwent
repairs. Analysis of other studies showed fuel economy
improved an average of 3 to 4 percent when cars were adjusted
to the manufacturer's specifications.
The new warranty program will be available only in areas
that use an EPA emissions test as part of their auto emission
inspection and maintenance programs.
"Auto emission inspection and n^intenance programs are
crucial to assuring that cars continue to meet emission
standards after they leave the assembly line," said
Jeffrey E. Miller, Assistant Administrator for Enforcement.
"The potential effectiveness of this program is quite clear.
Areas with programs already in operation are reporting
substantial emissions reductions."
Auto emission inspection programs are now operating in the
entire states of Rhode Island and New Jersey, as well as the
urban areas of Cincinnati, Ohio; Portland, Oregon; Phoenix
and Tucson, Arizona; and Las Vegas, Nevada. Many other
states have passed legislation to implement auto emission
inspection programs that would qualify car owners for the
emission warranty coverage.
The warranty will cover passenger cars starting with the
1981 model year for a period of five years or 50,000 miles,
whichever occurs first. Up through the first 24 months or
2 4,000 miles the manufacturer must repair any portion of the
vehicle necessary to bring it into compliance with applicable
emission levels. After the initial period, the manufacturer
is only required to repair components that have been installed
for the sole or primary purpose of controlling emissions.
These would include such parts as the catalytic converter,
air pump, and exhaust gas recirculation system.
The regulations outline procedures that manufacturers must
follow in complying with the conditions that determine
manufacturer liability. Under these procedures, after a car
fails an emission inspection and maintenance test, the car
manufacturer has the initial responsibility of demonstrating
that the car is not eligible for a warranty repair. If the
manufacturer is unable to make this showing it must repair
the car free of charge under the warranty. In addition,
manufacturers are required to provide owners whose claims
have been denied a written explanation of why the claim was

A $10,000 penalty can be imposed if the manufacturers do not
comply with the provisions of the¦warranty.
Information in the owners manual advises people to contact
EPA if they have not received proper;warranty protection.
r_93 Notice of today's regulations appears in todays Federal Register.
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