United States	Pollution	September 1995
Environmental Protection	Prevention and Toxics
Agency	(7409)
&EPA Pollution Prevention
Incentives for States
Grant Summaries 1989-1995

The Pollution Prevention Incentives for States (PPIS) grant program provides matching
funds to states to support pollution prevention activities and develop state programs. EPA
established the grant program with the philosophy that states should play a primary role in
encouraging industry, small and medium-sized businesses, local governments, and the public to
shift priorities from pollution control to pollution prevention. Because states have more direct
contact with generators and hence are more aware of their needs and problems, EPA believes
that state-based environmental programs can make a unique contribution to the national effort
to promote source reduction.
At the outset of the program in 1989, EPA established several goals, including:
~	Empowering states to build a pollution prevention infrastructure;
~	Learning from and building upon innovative means of implementing pollution
prevention at both state and facility levels;
~	Providing resources for pollution prevention technical assistance and training;
~	Supporting states in establishing and expanding pollution prevention programs;
~	Fostering federal and state information-sharing and communication.
Since the inception of the grant program in 1989, EPA has awarded approximately $34
million. Grant recipients and other partners (e.g., local governments, industry) have supplied
over $29 million in matching funds for a total funding amount of approximately $64 million.
This document summarizes grant awards from 1989 through 1995. Each award summary
includes the name of the grant recipient, the EPA funding amount, year awarded, and a brief
description of the project funded: For more information about the grant awards, please contact
the appropriate Regional pollution prevention coordinator, listed in the Appendix.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The primary goals of this project are to develop, coordinate, and institutionalize P2 activities
within existing department programs; to establish an outreach program which will encourage and
facilitate small business source reduction of high risk chemicals; measure the success of the P2
program; and provide a framework that will allow a P2 program to continue after the grant.
Connecticut Technical Assistance Program—1993 (EPA Funding: $67,000)
Activities under this grant:
•	Provide technical assistance on P2 to Connecticut generators of hazardous waste,
air emissions and wastewater discharges.
•	Provide Matching Challenge Grants for multi-media P2 projects. Information
collected from the projects would benefit other companies through technology
transfer efforts.
•	Develop a P2 project financial analysis service that will assist companies in
applying for financial assistance for P2 projects through the state's Environmental
Assistance Revolving Loan Fund or other public or private lending institutions.
•	Establish the Connecticut Waste Exchange Program which would allow state
business to access National Waste Exchange databases.
•	. Recognize its resource center to ensure current and accurate information is easily
accessible to ConnTAP staff to assist businesses in reducing their waste.
•	Coordinate with the University of Connecticut's Environmental Research Institute
to determine P2 research needs through reviewing and evaluating ConnTAP's
technical assistance requests, matching grant projects and site visit reports.
•	Continue and expand its management responsibilities under the state's
Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund by reviewing applications to
ensure applicant and project eligibility.
•	Continue to sponsor conferences/seminars on P2.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
® Train staff to enhance their professional development in providing technical/
financial assistance on P2 to Connecticut generators of hazardous waste, air
emissions, and wastewater discharges.
Connecticut Hazardous Waste Management Service, Connecticut Technical
Assistance Program (ConnTAP)—1994	(EPA Funding: $65,000)
ConnTAP plans to strengthen and expand its successful pollution prevention and assistance
services for Connecticut businesses. The services include a Site Visit Program, which provides
on-site technical assistance to facilities in various industries; an intern program; and a hotline
service, which provides telephone assistance for an average of 600 callers per year,. To manage
information, ConnTAP will maintain the Resource Center, which includes a library of over
1,000 documents on pollution prevention and hazardous waste management, and tracking
systems, which analyze the types of businesses requesting assistance and measure qualitative and
quantitative pollution prevention progress. ConnTAP will also conduct outreach activities,
including an annual conference, and publish a newsletter containing case studies, current trends,
information on regional workshops and conferences, and other practical pollution prevention
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection—1995
(EPA Funding: $50,000)
This project will develop and test a pollution prevention train-the-trainers curriculum for
printers. The project proposes to utilize information gathered through ongoing site visits, a
literature search and a Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) partnership with the
printing industry to develop a training program for printers which will enable them to conduct
their own pollution prevention site assessments and implementation strategies. The project will
be a state complement to EPA's Common Sense Initiative (CSI) and the EPA New England
Environmental Assistance Team printers partnership efforts.
Connecticut Technical Assistance Program—1995
(EPA Funding: $65,000)
Connecticut Technical Assistance Program (ConnTAP) will strengthen its technical support to
metal finishers through development of industry-specific guidance materials. ConnTAP will
provide a forum to enable businesses to share information by sponsoring the development of a
business roundtable. The proposed project will also allow ConnTAP to continue to provide its
hotline, resource center, newsletter and outreach'services at their present levels. ConnTAP will
continue its efforts to promote "green industry" in the state and region.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
University of Maine, Department of Chemical Engineering—1990
{EPA Funding: $274,239)
This project is an educational program for groups dealing with the public or students. Activities
include: an intensive short course "Understanding and Managing the Chemicals in Our Lives;"
a "Pollution Prevention and Risk Reduction" conference each year; a clearinghouse for
information on pollution prevention; involving the newsmedia in disseminating pollution
prevention material; and the development of a "Guide to Chemicals in Consumer Products."
Maine Department of the Environment—1992	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The Maine Environmental Partnership Program (MEPP) will provide comprehensive, multi-
media pollution prevention technical assistance to the regulated community and increase the
cooperative interaction between the department and the regulated community. The MEPP will
expand staff training to include specific techniques on pollution prevention and pollution
prevention programs such as 33/50; help small businesses contract for outside technical
assistance which might otherwise not be available to them; and issue a quarterly newsletter
designed to promote local pollution prevention activities and new department issues.
Maine Department of Environmental Protection—1993
(EPA Funding: $59,565)
Activities under this grant will allow DEP to facilitate and encourage interaction of water, air,
land and waste programs. The project involves three key elements designed to involve all media
and assists businesses with Pollution Prevention (P2) implementation. First, active coordination
of technical staff representing DEP's water, land, air and waste bureaus; development of facility-
specific Total Cost Assessment with four to five small mid-size companies to demonstrate
financial impacts of P2 initiative; and third, pilot an engineering internship program in
cooperation with the University of Maine.
Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Pollution
Prevention—1994	(EPA Funding: $60,000)
The Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) will collaborate with Coastal
Enterprises, Inc. (CEI) in a three-year pilot project to help firms prevent pollution and enhance
productivity. The PPIS grant will be used to raise money to establish a Green Fund that will
provide approximately 50 loans (not to exceed $20,000 each) for small businesses. Firms will
use loans to invest in pollution prevention audits, equipment, process changes, or input
substitution for pollution prevention purposes.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Maine Department of Environmental Protection—1995
(EPA Funding: $65,000)
This project will offer a broad range of opportunities to small to medium sized print shops.
Project tasks will include: 1) conducting a survey on the pollution prevention and regulatory
knowledge base of printers, 2) delivering half-day workshops on compliance and pollution
prevention, 3) providing on-site pollution prevention assessments, 4) developing and distributing
multi-media pollution prevention information for lithographic printers, 5) establishing criteria
to identify and acknowledge "green" print shops, 6) setting up technology demonstration sites,
and 7) helping to establish a pollution prevention outreach program for the Maine metal product
Massachusetts -
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management—1989
(EPA Funding: $288,910)
This grant will expand existing technical assistance source reduction program, provide technical
assistance coordinated with a multimedia regulatory inspection program, and provide for
outreach to generators and other states. Pilot project includes: 1) training for interns and state
inspectors, 2) workshops for industry, environmentalists, government representatives,
3) development of a financial feasibility model for company managers to determine cost
effectiveness of source reduction and recycling alternatives, and 4) direct technical assistance.
Focus on electroplaters, metal finishers, and machine tool and electronics manufacturers in
central Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Waste
Prevention—1990	(EPA Funding: $288,384)
This project will assist DEP's Bureau of Waste Prevention in its efforts to develop cross-media
permitting, inspection, enforcement and data-gathering as a means of promoting waste
prevention; to develop regulatory toxics use reduction planning requirements; to generally build
into DEP's regulatory activities a bias towards pollution prevention; and to develop (through the
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management) new technical assistance approaches.
Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management—1992	(EPA Funding: $64,000)
The proposed program will include both voluntary, technical assistance based activities and
regulatory activities. The assistance efforts will include workshops and onsite technical
assistance primarily in the greater New Bedford area. The workshops will promote source
reduction and will educate generators regarding state and federal regulatory requirements for
managing toxic wastes. Companies will be solicited for voluntary, onsite plant visits. The
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program, as proposed, will enhance and be reinforced by the state's ongoing toxic use reduction
programs within the Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) and the Department
of the Environment (DEP) to cut hazardous wkste generation in half by 1997. The project will
also help local industries set source reduction goals to meet EPA's 33/50 Project goals.
Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance—1993 {EPA Funding: $100,000)
Activities under this grant will result in the Office of Technical Assistance creating two
•	Technical Assistance program, which is an integrated multi-media, multi-
disciplinary pollution prevention/resource conservation (P2/RC) audit team made
up of specialists from various agencies and entities in the area toxic use reduction
("TUR"); energy and water use efficiency; solid waste source reduction/recycling;
air pollution prevention; and environmental procurement practices.
•	Agency Planner Training, consisting of an in-depth P2/RC curriculum and
classroom instruction program with practical field experience components
designed to provide all state agencies with long-term P2/RC expertise.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection—1993
(EPA Funding: $288,384)
In MA, the largest users of toxic chemicals must submit annual toxic use reduction reports and
develop biennial toxic use reduction plans. In addition, MA law mandates DEP to shift the
focus of its environmental regulatory programs from their existing single-media, treatment
orientation to a multi-media, prevention orientation. DEP, through the development of a
regulatory program that imposes pollution prevention planning and reporting requirements on
the approximately 800 "Large Quantity Toxics User (LQTUs)," has received its first toxics user
reduction reports. With a large volume of reports received each year, DEP lacks the capacity
to examine the information in their database in a meaningful way. This grant will provide DEP
with the ability to analyze its data, and to complete some analyses of the data.
Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Office of Technical
Assistance—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) designed the Chemical Use Reduction for Improved
Indoor Air Quality in Schools (CURIAS) project to inform schools of the risks associated with
chemical use, and to aid schools in reducing those risks. The PPIS grant will allow OTA to
plan conferences and develop written materials targeted for administrators, department heads,
teachers, and facility managers on basic problems with and potential solutions to chemical use.
The grant will also provide funds for on-site technical assistance, which will be publicized
through the conferences and written materials.
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University of Massachusetts, Cooperative Extension, IPM Program—1994
(EPA Funding: $49,997)
The University of Massachusetts (UMASS) has been widely recognized in the past for its
research on integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. These strategies have been identified
as a means of reducing the level of hazardous substances released into the environment. With
the PPIS grant, UMASS hopes to test IPM guidelines for apple orchards across all environmental
media as a pollution prevention methodology, and to better inform the public and the media of
the environmental benefits of IPM strategies. UMASS plans to select one farmer from each of
the New England states to be a demonstrating grower who will implement an EPM strategy
specific to its state. At the end of the demonstration period, a field day will be held at the. farm
of each demonstrating grower to which the public and the press will be invited.
University of Massachusetts (Lowell), Toxics Use Reduction Institute—1994
(EPA Funding: $49,996)
The goal of the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) is to achieve over a ten-year
period a fifty percent reduction of toxic byproducts generated by industry. PPIS grant money
will be used to test a methodology for using the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and TURA data
for measuring state-wide progress in meeting this goal. In their current forms, TRI and TURA
data have problems (e.g., the chemical list, reporting thresholds, and SIC codes covered for both
TURA and TRI have changed over the years). This project will evaluate the seriousness of
those problems and will seek to identify ways to solve them.
Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance—1995
(EPA Funding $40,000)
This project will build on the existing technical assistance efforts conducted by OTA, to help
schools in low-income areas implement pollution prevention activities and utilize pollution
prevention technologies. This one-year project will not only inform school administrators,
facility managers, and teachers of the financial benefits of pollution prevention, but it will also
explain the health, safety and environmental benefits of the approach. The project will combine
practical information concerning how a school can reduce pollution from its own facilities with
curriculum development, classroom exercises, and teacher training intended to develop a
sophisticated awareness of pollution prevention by students. The focus on low-income areas will
benefit disadvantaged urban communities, which need assistance developing local expertise.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
New Hampshire
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services—1991
(EPA Funding: $296,824)
This grant will establish a formal P2 program in DES, including formation of a multimedia task
force at the state level to direct waste reduction strategies related to air, water, and land
pollution; establishment of a permanent state/business relationship to facilitate and coordinate
P2 activities within the state; establishment of a multimedia on-site waste reduction assistance
program for business, industry, and state government; establishment of an on-going PW
informational exchange; and provision of educational and training programs for business
personnel, state personnel, civic groups, and schools.
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services—1993
(EPA Funding: $84,000)
NH DES seeks to enhance its existing programs, which use college and graduate students to
provide on-site technical assistance. The grantee will partner the students with retired engineers,
who will provide chemical and engineering expertise. This partnership will also benefit the state
by strengthening and broadening the type and breadth of projects that can currently be
undertaken. Working together will enhance the credibility of both programs, and will show NH
businesses that students are more prepared than ever to integrate into the work environment.
Work products will benefit both programs and will come about more efficiently.
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Office of the
Commissioner—1994	(EPA Funding: $70,000)
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services strives to use pollution prevention
education, outreach, and technical assistance to aid the regulated community in complying with
environmental quality standards. The Department hopes to foster a sense of individual,
corporate, and public responsibility for maintaining environmental quality through its "lead by
example" program. In addition, the Department seeks to address environmental justice concerns
in the context of pollution prevention. The Department also hopes to incorporate more pollution
prevention in compliance monitoring and enforcement procedures. This year's PPIS grant will
be targeted to projects that promote pollution prevention in permitting, leadership, and media
grants; multi-media and environmental justice pilot projects; staff training; development of
innovative partnerships; and development of measures of success.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services—1995
(EPA Funding: $60,000)
This program is divided into two projects: 1) a municipal assistance project; and 2) a pollution
prevention integration project. The municipal assistance project will assist the city of
Somersworth, NH in overcoming its water quality problems by conducting a campaign to reduce
phosphorous at the source. In addition, the project will develop and pilot a pollution prevention
compliance and outreach program for municipalities. The pollution prevention integration
project will integrate compliance assistance and regulatory reform for pollution prevention into
the NH Department of Environmental Services regulatory programs. Under this second project,
the Department of Environmental Services will also help to establish the University of New
Hampshire's new Environmental Compliance and Pollution Prevention Center.
University of New Hampshire—1995	(EPA Funding: $60,000)
This project will establish an Environmental Compliance and Pollution Prevention (P2) Center
to target the metal finishing and electronics industry sectors in New Hampshire. This is a
cooperative effort between the University of New Hampshire, EPA New England's
Environmental Assistance Team, the New Hampshire Industrial Research Center, Public Service
of New Hampshire, HADCO, the state Small Business Ombudsman, and the New Hampshire
Department of Environmental Services. The center will provide integrated compliance assistance
to implement pollution prevention through training, student internships, and development of
multi-media facility auditing manual. It will also attempt to reach small business in rural areas
that have difficulty traveling to and attending technical assistance events by attempting to
produce videotapes of model facilities, and developing financing options.
Rhode Island
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management—1989
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This project will establish a strong technical assistance program, including in-plant audits (2
classes—one general and the second more detailed), re-audits, documentation of case studies of
the audits, establishment of database library of waste reduction technologies and procedures,
development of training programs and seminars, and field test WRAS. Focus on electroplaters,
industrial manufacturing and metal fabrication, printing, degreasing, and cleaning operations.
Narragansett Bay Water Quality Management District Commission—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The goals of this project are to establish a model P2 program within the Narragansett Bay
Commission (NBC), expand the scope of the state Department of Environmental Management's
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existing multimedia pollution prevention program, and implement URI's source reduction
technology developments. NBC, Rhode Island's largest POTW, will encourage source reduction
opportunities by incorporating P2 reviews into the sewer connection permit process, including
source reduction requirements as part of consent orders and through the performance of
regulatory and non-regulatory waste audits.
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management—1992
(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The purpose of this proposal is to go beyond DEM's base (non-regulatory) pollution prevention
by demonstrating and evaluating the relative effect of regulatory, policy, and inplant technical
assistance initiatives on source reduction practices in Rhode Island's textile industry. This grant
will allow the State to expand and incorporate statewide pollution prevention activities that are
technically sound into regulatory policy making and enforcement actions of State and local
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of
Environmental Coordination—1994	(EPA Funding: $70,000)
The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (DEM) intends to research,
evaluate, and demonstrate toxics use reduction strategies for the auto finishing industry. An
estimated 600 auto finishing facilities concentrated in Rhode Island release approximately 1,600
tons of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air each year. The VOCs contribute to
ground level ozone and create indoor air pollution problems. The PPIS grant will enable Rhode
Island DEM to research alternatives to the high VOC chemicals and equipment currently in use.
Rhode Island DEM will locate a model shop to implement the resulting source reduction
measures and will develop an accredited curriculum for auto collision technology/refinishing
systems for secondary students. Environmental equity issues concerning the individuals at risk
from indoor air pollution will also be evaluated and documented.
Rhode Island Narragansett Bay Commission—1995
(EPA Funding: $60,000)
This project will train manufacturing and wastewater pretreatment staff in Rhode Island's small
business community (primarily metal finishing), and POTW Industrial Pretreatment (IPT)
regulatory personnel, in source reduction and pollution prevention techniques and technologies.
The training program is designed to allow course participants to actually handle and work with
pollution prevention and wastewater pretreatment equipment and instrumentation. Offering this
unique hands on training to POTW IPT personnel will help to. assist them in recognizing
pollution prevention opportunities as part of their industrial inspection, wastewater discharge
monitoring, and permitting activities. Training manufacturing operators in pollution prevention
will result in less waste generation as well as increased compliance with local waste discharge
and hazardous waste management regulations. A final goal of this program will be to establish
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a recognized and state certified industrial waste reduction and management program within the
State of Rhode Island.
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources/Department of Environmental
Conservation—1991	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The major focus of this grant-funded project is to enhance technical assistance and outreach in
multimedia pollution prevention, including toxics use reduction. A second component includes
institutionalizing P2 into existing technical assistance and regulatory programs in DEC. The
project will support active participation on the part of industry in EPA's 33/50 project and will
make technical-assistance available to participating industries. Project activities include:
conducting workshops; developing and distributing educational materials; conducting on-site
opportunity assessments; and training of local officials, solid waste district officials, and sewage
treatment plant operators.
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources—1993	(EPA Funding: $80,000)
Activities under this section of the grant will include:
o Conducting on-site pollution prevention pre-assessment and assessment visits by
assembled teams of Retired Engineers and Professionals. These teams will then
prepare confidential assessment reports for participating companies.
® Creating a small matching grant program with industry for innovative P2 projects,
- requiring applicants to match grants through documented spending, in-kind
employee time or other indirect costs, with the project results reported to other
o Supporting both Governor's Pollution Prevention' Award for Environmental
Excellence and the Pollution Prevention Conference. Its purpose will focus on
collaborative efforts and public-private partnerships in enhancing environmental
quality and economic development through pollution prevention, sustainable
development, design for the environment, and non-regulatory approaches to
environmental protection.
® Developing an alternative painting and coatings conference and vendor exhibition
that will provide a hands-on demonstration of alternative equipment that could be
used to reduce emissions from painting and coatings. This event will prove
relevant to various industry types including furniture, metal finishing, plastics and
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•	Establishing a P2 engineering course for manufacturing industries in Vermont,
resulting in promoting involvement of state universities and colleges in pollution
prevention and toxic use reduction.
•	Scanning documents to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the current
.system, especially in the distribution of documents to the industries, better
cataloguing, and cross referencing.
University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, Office of Continuing
Education—1994	{EPA Funding: $12,000)
The University of Vermont (UVM) seeks to provide schools throughout Vermont with
information on how to determine if indoor air quality problems exist, and on how to find
affordable solutions. With the PPIS grant, UVM will plan a conference addressing indoor air
pollution, which will target school board chairs, select board members, superintendents,
principals, and school faculty and staff.
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources, Dept. of Environmental Conservation,
Pollution Prevention and Education Division—1994 (EPA Funding: $70,000)
The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation will use PPIS grant money to fund
projects and activities related to pollution prevention technical assistance and education, pollution
prevention integration, and measurement for pollution prevention activities. The Department
will conduct pollution prevention integration activities, including the Vermont Clean State
Program and pollution prevention training for agency staff. The Department will also undertake
pollution prevention education and outreach efforts, such as workshops and conferences. In
addition, the retired engineers and professionals on-site technical assistance program will receive
funding to conduct approximately 25 assessments during the fiscal year.
Vermont Department of Health—1994	{EPA Funding: $12,000)
The Vermont Department of Health plans to investigate the sources of indoor air pollution in
Vermont schools and work to eliminate these sources when possible. The Vermont Department
of Health will use PPIS grant funds to conduct four school inspections—one in each of four
different building age groups—and will develop a report on its findings and recommendations.
The University of Vermont also plans to conduct indoor air quality-related activities (see
University of Vermont grant summary above) and will organize a conference at which the
Department of Health will present its report.
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Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $60,000)
Grant funds for the Vermont DEC Pollution Prevention Program will serve six distinct activities.
One funded activity will be the Retired Engineers and Professional (REAP) program that
provides on-site pollution prevention assistance to small businesses. A second activity will be
the development of a pilot project to explore ways in which hotels, motels, resorts and
conference centers can promote pollution prevention in their lodging, dining, and conference
facilities. Grant funds will also be used to help coordinate the development of a multi-media
compliance assistance program in the Vermont DEC, and the creation of a pollution prevention
outreach program. The final two activities to receive funding will be the Governor's Award
Program for Environmental Excellence in Pollution Prevention and the establishment of a Clean
State Program in which state government is a leader in pollution prevention and resource
Other Organizations
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians—1994	(EPA Funding: $9,924)
The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians (HBMI) seeks to reduce the amount of household
hazardous waste released into wastewater and solid waste streams. To this end, HBMI is
planning a workshop to be presented to tribal members on household products that create
household hazardous waste. In addition, HBMI will establish a cooperative to sell
environmentally friendly products at reduced cost to tribal members. HBMI also aims to reduce
indoor air pollution through the tribe's housing improvement program. The tribe will conduct
an indoor air quality assessment and develop a strategy for reducing indoor air pollution.
Houlton Band of Maliseet (ME)—1995	(EPA Funding: $20,000)
The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians (HBMI) will use PPIS funds to achieve the following
three objectives: 1) develop nonpoint source pollution prevention activities; 2) increase the
awareness and understanding of the pollution prevention approach to environmental management;
and 3) identify ways to mitigate indoor air pollutants. To achieve the first objective, the HBMI
will sponsor a training session for tribal administrative and road crew personnel regarding best
management practices to prevent erosion and stormwater runoff from road maintenance
activities. The Tribe will also investigate the feasibility and efficacy of using organic soil
amendments to reduce erosion and decrease nutrient leaching. To meet the second objective,
the Tribe will send a number of personnel to the first National Tribal Pollution Prevention
Conference. The final objective will be met by providing indoor air quality training to a tribal
housing improvement director.
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Mohegan Nation (CT)—1995	(EPA Funding: $30,000)
Through grant.funding, the Mohegan Nation will initiate the following activities: 1) develop a
Comprehensive Mohegan Integrated Energy Management Plan; 2) hold a technical meeting to
discuss the drafted Mohegan Pollution Prevention and Waste Reduction Plan; 3) develop and
implement a pollution prevention training, testing, and certification program for all Mohegan
staff, consultants, contractors, sub-contractors; and 4) track pollution prevention savings.
Mohegan Tribe, Core Administration—1994	(EPA Funding: $20,000)
The Mohegan Tribe, recently recognized by the Federal government,' hopes to expand economic
development of its historic tribal lands in an environmentally responsible manner. Short-term
plans include construction of a theme park, a gaming facility and tribal housing. The Tribe has
established the Mohegan Prevention Program (M3P) to encourage pollution prevention during
the development process through risk assessments and analysis of P2-oriented development
plans. The M3P program seeks to coordinate activities of state and federal technical experts in
pollution prevention with tribal development planners.
New England Waste Management Officials Association (NEWMOA)—1989
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This regional project has three major components: (1) establish centralized regional
clearinghouse and database; (2) provide direct technical assistance to states (state training and
industry workshops); and (3) develop options for source reduction for waste streams destined
for resource recovery systems (identify toxic metals of principal concern, categories of
generators of wastes containing these metals, and measures to encourage and affect source
reduction). The proposal was jointly submitted by NEWMOA and NESCAUM (Northeast States
for Coordinated Air Use Management, with participation by NEIWPCC (New England Interstate
Water Pollution Control Commission).
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA)—1994
(EPA Funding: $30,000)
NEWMOA's objective is to support the continuing efforts of the Northeast States Pollution
Prevention Roundtable (NE Roundtable). The NE Roundtable was formed to enhance the ability
of state and local pollution prevention, air, water, and waste program staff to implement
effective source reduction initiatives. The PPIS grant will fund a number of conferences and
meetings, including a two-day Roundtable meeting, a workshop on pollution prevention for
permit writers, a Pollution Prevention Clearinghouse Network Committee meeting, and a
Pollution Prevention Training Committee meeting. In addition, NEWMOA plans to expand the
Pollution Prevention clearinghouse and to update the Director of NE State Pollution Prevention
programs and the Guide to NE State Pollution Prevention Programs. PPIS funds wili also be
used in the development of a regional vendor database or a case study database, and for
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coordinated activities with the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association—1995
(EPA Funding: $30,000)
The objectives of this grant proposal are to support the ongoing efforts of the Northeast States
Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NE Roundtable). Specifically, NEWMOA proposes to provide
a forum for building consensus on policy issues, to facilitate information exchange between the
state and local programs., and to train state and EPA staff in pollution prevention methods.
Some of the proposed NE Roundtable pollution prevention activities for FY 1996 that will be
, supported under the grant include: 1) continuing efforts to facilitate interstate communications
concerning state and local pollution prevention activities and programs, 2) continuing to support
the pollution prevention Training Committee, 3) developing a regional report on progress in
pollution prevention during the past five years, 4) holding a joint meeting of state pollution
prevention programs, NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Centers, Small
Business Development Centers (SBDC), DOE Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Centers (EADC),
EPA and other business assistance providers in the Northeast in 1995.
Passamaquoddy Tribe - Indian Township Reservation—1993
(EPA Funding: $13,565)
This project will identify present activities which contribute to multi-media environmental
pollution and which may be modified to result in source reduction. These activities include:
o Assessing existing community energy and water usage and determining methods
to reduce water usage which will result in reduced wastewater discharge.
® Exploring alternatives to chlorination of wastewater, such as ultraviolet treatment
systems; studying consumer practices on the reservation to identify solid waste
source reduction alternatives (i.e., recognition of excess packaging, purchasing
in bulk quantities, using cloth diapers).
® Conducting an assessment of pesticide spraying practices on the Reservation, to
include the possible adoption of less environmentally harmful pesticides (both
volume and toxicity reductions).
® Assessing the two tribal economic development projects for possible pollution
source reduction and providing technical assistance as needed.
In educating the Indian Township community to recognize ways that individuals can reduce
sources of environmental pollution, this project will provide tribal informational brochures and
cable TV broadcasts to the tribal community on water conservation methods, improving energy
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
efficiency and conservation, methods of source reduction of solid waste, and providing
assessments and technical assistance to the two economic development projects.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
New Jersey
New Jersey Hazardous Waste Facilities Siting Commission—1989
(EPA Funding: $340,000)
The grantee will develop a technical assistance program, comprised of on-site assessments,
implementation assistance, follow-up, training, and data gathering and analysis. It will conduct
methods development research for targeting priority industries, develop a software system to
track raw product and waste generation amounts, and waste management processes and cost
accounting for such processes. (This software package will be donated by an industry, and
distributed free of charge to individual waste generators.)
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Pollution
Prevention—1990	(EPA Funding: $325,492)
This project will execute a statewide pollution prevention program as already designed. This
project will include the establishment of the Office of Pollution Prevention to coordinate existing
activities and target industries. Funding will be used to: identify incentives and obstacles in
state procurement practices; develop industry specific profile reports; develop a guidance
package for the preparation of pollution plans, which are required by law; and revise the
community survey and support documents for use in expanding Right-to-Know reporting
New Jersey Institute of Technology—1991	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The primary objective of this proposal is to develop a model program for industrial P2 assistance
which is specifically tailored to address the needs of a county or similar administrative level.
The model program will be developed in Burlington County, NJ, and then field tested and
verified in another area which has similar industrial and environmental challenges but sufficiently
different in political and traditional practices to challenge the model. The field test will take
place in Puerto Rico.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy, Office of
Pollution Prevention—1993	(EPA Funding: $207,452)
This project supports the development of a pollution prevention facility-wide permitting pilot
project. Facility-wide permitting is defined as a single environmental permit for an industrial
facility that combines the facility's air, water, and hazardous waste permits along with its
Pollution Prevention Plan. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy
(NJDEPE) will test the benefits and feasibility of facility-wide permitting with 12 volunteering
companies. It is NJDEPE's intent to evaluate the facility-wide permit program and provide
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
recommendations to the State legislative body regarding the environmental protection
implications of facility-wide permitting as well as the potential for facility-wide permitting to
streamline the permitting process and issue more comprehensive multi-media permits in less time
than development of conventional permits.
New Jersey Institute of Technology—1995	(EPA Funding: $31,434)
The goal of this project is to prevent nonpoint pollution at the source of generation by reducing
chemical inputs to turf and adopting techniques that reduce the movement of pollutants to ground
and surface waters. The grantee plans to achieve this goal through the following activities: 1)
a material flows analysis of pesticides used by sod farmers and homeowners in New Jersey; 2)
the development and implementation of guidelines that will assist homeowners, school and
recreation playing field maintenance people; condominium and office park landscapers, golf
course superintendents, and municipal public works officials in maintaining/high quality turf in
an economically and environmentally sensitive manner; and 3) the education of consumers, local
decision makers, and lawn care professionals about environmental alternatives to high
maintenance lawns.
Rutgers University Environmental Law Clinic—1995
(EPA Funding: $57,579)
This project aims to reduce motor vehicle emissions in a congested travel corridor in New Jersey
through reductions both in vehicle miles traveled and in the number of automobile trips taken.
At the request of the grantee, the New Jersey Departments of Transportation and Environmental
Protection have formed a joint working group that will work collaboratively with other
stakeholders. The group will identify, analyze, and implement a wide range of demand
management and other control measures to help solve gridlock and mobile source and non-point
source pollution in the Route 1 corridor of Middlesex County, NJ. The grantee seeks to develop
strategies in the collaborative process, such as tailoring transit to serve retail malls and markets,
teleshopping, and providing shuttle services for special events, to decrease congestion in the
travel corridor. The measures examined in this project may eventually be promoted as part of
State Implementation Plans for controlling mobile source pollution.
Rutgers University Environmental Law Clinic—1995
(EPA Funding: $41,137)
This project aims to reduce motor vehicle emissions throughout New Jersey through reductions
in per mile emissions of both trucks and buses. The grantee will encourage NJ Transit to
convert its bus fleet to alternative fuels as quickly as practical, initially targeting vehicles used
for routes in urban areas. It will participate in workshops and roundtables conducted by the
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection to develop an effective diesel inspection
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
program. The grantee also plans to work with partners in New Jersey to generate public support
for an effective pollution reduction program.
New York
New York Department of Environmental Conservation—1989
{EPA Funding: $300,000)
This program seeks to hire additional staff, providing training for DEC personnel, conduct
industry workshops, establish a technical information clearinghouse, provide contractual services,
and conduct major pollution prevention conferences. These elements will serve to reduce the
amount of waste discharged into all environmental media and eliminate several of the barriers
to waste reduction faced by small- and medium-sized industries and businesses through the
technical information clearinghouse and waste reduction database.
Western New York Economic Development Corporation, Erie County
Department of Environment and Planning—1990	{EPA Funding: $300,000)
The existing Erie County Prevention Program (consisting of an information center, an outreach
program and technical and educational assistance) will be expanded to incorporate a multi-media
pollution prevention policy which, when implemented, will result in economic benefits to the
business community and other polluting facilities. This program will then prove beneficial as
a model to other counties.
New York Industrial Technology Assistance Corp.—1992
{EPA Funding: $200,000)
In addition to supporting the USEPA's 33/50 Program, the Clean Industries Program will target
the businesses in the Greenpoint/Williamsburg area that use the 17 priority chemicals, but are
not identified by the toxic waste release inventory. Statewide assistance will be rendered to
industries to plan for and implement Hazardous Waste Reduction Plans required by New York
State's Hazardous Waste Reduction Act (1990). A major marketing campaign will be launched
building on the existing service delivery reputation and goodwill established by IT AC to identify
and educate target business owners about the benefit/applicability of pollution prevention and the
availability of assistance from this program.
New York Department of Environmental Conservation—1993
{EPA Funding: $222,276)
This project will enhance New York State's pollution prevention capabilities and will allow for
a more rapid and extensive implementation of an integrated and comprehensive Multi-Media
Pollution Prevention (M2P2) program. The goals and objectives include enhancing the
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
capabilities of the Departmental Conservation in carrying out its M2P2 program by integrating
pollution prevention expertise and experience; expanding the Department's hazardous waste
reduction program by the integration of the air, water, and solid waste programs into the State's
Pollution Prevention efforts, as well as expanding the Department's small business assistance
program beyond the existing air focus. The project has three tasks: Pilot the M2P2 Program
for small business, provide Multi-Media Pollution Technical' Assistance, and develop Waste
Prevention options for Grocery Stores.
Cornell University - Center for the Environment—1993
(EPA Funding: $20,314)
This project supports reduction of the amount of waste produced in New York State and Puerto
Rico. It will decrease the cost and impacts relating to disposal and will reduce the multi-media
point and non-point impacts associated with the whole lifecycle of the production, distribution
and use of unnecessary products and packages. Activities under this grant will:
® Enhance the regional local-state, private-public partnerships for technical
assistance in waste prevention to municipalities and businesses.
o Provide the tools necessary for local government to implement waste prevention
New York State Department of Health, Health Research, Inc.—1994
{EPA Funding: $98,285)
The New York State Department of Health plans to reduce pesticide use (and misuse) by
promoting statewide use of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies in state-owned and
leased facilities. The PPIS grant will aid building managers in minimizing pesticide applications,
selecting the least toxic pesticides for use as necessary, and identifying the reasons for pest
infestations and practical corrective measures. PPIS funds will be used to implement IPM at
eight facilities across the state. The Department will seek additional funding in the future to
reach the approximately 200 million square feet of New York State facilities.
New York State Energy Office, Division of Energy Services—1994
(EPA Funding: $199,937)
The New York State Energy Office is designing a project that will demonstrate cost-effective,
environmentally friendly design principles in a Manhattan night school. The school provides a
home and education for minority, low-income, and homeless populations in New York City.
The proposed design for the building aims to reduce heating and cooling energy through
installation of advanced framing and insulation materials; reduce water usage through low-flush
toilets and faucet aerators; and reduce construction waste through a construction waste
management plan. Project designers hope to transfer the results of the demonstration to the
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
multi-family building design community through seminars, video presentations, and written
New York State Energy Office, Division of Energy Services—1994
(EPA Funding: $100,000)
With the "Clean Boilers Project," the New York State Energy Office aims to increase the
efficiency of approximately 2,000 boiler plants in the New York City multi-family housing
sector. The Office plans to establish minimum standards for "Clean Boiler" technicians as well
as minimum boiler efficiency thresholds for new boiler installations. In addition, the Office
plans to provide training for contractors and service technicians, and to develop a list of
contractors and service technicians that meet the new minimum standards. Project developers
will encourage use of the list of contractors and service technicians in publicly-funded assistance
programs. By restricting boiler-related work in these programs to contractors and service
technicians o the list, the efficiency of many boiler installations and operations will be improved.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $180,000)
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Pollution Prevention Unit
plans to evaluate the effectiveness of nonregulatory pollution prevention assistance in reducing
the loading of toxic contaminants to the Great Lakes Watershed from combined sewer overflows.
Through a local project team, the grantee proposes to demonstrate a model approach to reducing
and/or eliminating loadings at a combined sewer overflow (CSO) by assisting industrial
dischargers to prevent the generation of these contaminants at the source. Non-regulatory
pollution prevention technical assistance, such as industry-specific group meetings and onsite
facility assessments, for reducing the loadings of toxic contaminants at the overflow will be
made available to industrial facilities in the project area. Participating facilities will be
encouraged to adopt multi-media source reduction techniques for eliminating both direct
discharges and stormwater discharges to the combined sewer from industry.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $159,850)
This project seeks to 1) improve waste management at small and medium-sized businesses and
industries in Suffolk County, NY by reducing pollution at the source; 2) assist approximately
4-8 small and medium-sized businesses in the county achieve reductions in emissions to all
media by identifying pollution prevention measures available; and 3) train students to clearly
- understand, identify, and apply a multi-media pollution prevention approach to evaluating waste
management at a facility. This will be accomplished through a partnership between the grantee,
the Suffolk County Water Authority, and three local universities. Student interns, under the
guidance of the other partners, will perform multi-media waste minimization audits at local
companies and develop pollution prevention recommendations for the companies.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
New York State Energy Research and Development Authority—1995
(EPA Funding: $100,000)
This project will help up to 25 businesses develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive
source reduction programs. The targeted industry sectors are hospitals, airlines or airports,
printing, retail, food, restaurants, wholesalers, manufacturers, and stadiums. The grantee will
provide direct, on-site technical assistance to individual businesses and plans to develop
seminars, guidebooks, and videos to disseminate project findings to businesses throughout the
New York City. The grantee expects that the materials developed with PPIS funds will have
broad applicability for business source reduction efforts outside of New York City.
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board (EQB)—1994
(EPA Funding: $205,820)
The Environmental Quality Board (EQB) of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico will use its PPIS
grant funds to establish a comprehensive pollution prevention program. EQB plans to develop
pollution prevention training and assessment capabilities and to demonstrate to island businesses
that pollution prevention techniques save money and boost profitability. EQB hopes to perform
between 80 and 90 assessments. EQB will also create a Pollution Prevention Information Center
to raise public awareness of pollution prevention concepts.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control—
(EPA Funding: $293,117)
The grantee, will develop and implement a Pollution Prevention Program (PPP) which will target
industries and locations for technical assistance, provide education, and develop an outreach
campaign. The PPP will be overseen by an Advisory Committee of representatives from
industry, government, and academia.
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control and
This proposal expands Delaware's current pollution prevention activities by integrating and
institutionalizing pollution prevention into media specific regulatory programs. Also, DNREC
and UD will provide pollution prevention facility planning assistance to facilities involved in the
Voluntary Reduction Program, Green Industries Initiatives, EPA's 33/50 Program, and the UD
Waste Reduction Assistance Program (DELWRAP).
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
DNREC's objective is to continue to provide pollution prevention information and assistance to
businesses, industrial facilities, the agricultural community, homeowners, and government
agencies. In addition, the Department hopes to use PPIS grant funds to integrate pollution
prevention into media-specific regulatory programs such as hazardous waste, air and NPDES
programs, and to work with other programs and state agencies to incorporate or undertake
pollution prevention activities, such as becoming a Green Lights Partner or participating in the
Green Industries Initiative.
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental
Control—1995	(EPA Funding: $86,000)
Delaware's Pollution Prevention Program (PPP) seeks to maintain and enhance its current
pollution prevention activities. The PPP provides pollution prevention information and
assistance to businesses, industrial facilities, the agricultural community, homeowners, and other
government agencies. In addition to continuing these efforts, the program plans to design and
exhibit pollution prevention displays targeted toward households and business and industry. The
program will also reorganize its pollution prevention resource library into a user-friendly format
and market its availability to Delaware industry.
University ofDe la ware—1992
(EPA Funding: $198,940)
(EPA Funding: $90,000)
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
District of Columbia
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, Department of
Environmental Programs—1990	{EPA Funding: $241,020)
With support from the DC Department of Public Works and Department of Energy, this project
will develop a public/private partnership to prevent pollution from vehicle emissions and vehicle
by-products from entering the environment. A key element is to demonstrate the potential
impacts on air, water, and land from using alternative fuels in buses and other vehicles.
DC Environmental Regulation Administration—1993 (EPA Funding: $47,110)
The DC Environmental Regulation Administration plans to institutionalize multi-media pollution
prevention as an environmental management priority. This will be achieved by providing
education and training for District government policy, regulatory and environmental staff in
order to promote and integrate the P2 ethic and cross media philosophy within government;
developing a comprehensive pollution prevention strategic plan for the District of Columbia
which will include providing direct technical assistance to businesses and the public; collecting
and analyzing data to target outreach and technical assistance opportunities; conducting outreach
activities; developing measures to determine and quantify progress in pollution prevention; and
identifying regulatory and non-regulatory barriers and incentives to pollution prevention and
develop plans to implement incentives. The grantee will also develop Multi-Media Pollution
Prevention Activities by providing multi-media training for personnel in the automotive industry
in order to facilitate waste minimization, pollution prevention and compliance; initiate the
inventory of available resources; and develop a P2 and waste reduction information management
system (WRIMS).
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments—1995
(EPA Funding: $25,000)
This grant funds the planning and delivery of a multimedia urban pollution prevention conference
for the metropolitan Washington region. The goal of the conference is to reduce nonpoint
source and other pollution in the Metropolitan Washington portion of the Chesapeake Bay
watershed. The principle objectives of the conference are 1) to educate and enhance
communication and awareness regarding nonpoint source and other polluters (both public and
private) in the region about opportunities and incentives for pollution prevention; 2) to empower
environmental managers in the region with knowledge of pollution prevention opportunities in
targeted industry sectors; and 3) promote the integration of pollution prevention into regulatory
programs. The conference will target both private business and government operators of vehicle
maintenance shops, garden and lawn care, and printing operations. It will also target local and
state environmental managers working in air, water, and waste media. Expected attendance is
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Maryland Department of the Environment—1992 {EPA Funding: $200,000)
The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) will incorporate prevention pollution into
their strategic planning framework and develop the necessary associated policy guidance. Also,
MDE plans to train staff to promote pollution prevention by (1) incorporating pollution
prevention into permit and inspections; and (2) providing expanded technical assistance and
outreach to the regulated community.
State of Maryland Department of the Environment, Office of Strategic
Planning and Policy Coordination—1994	(EPA Funding: $90,000)
The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) began a pollution prevention initiative
which first received PPIS funding in October 1992. Since then, a number of initial steps have
been taken to begin integrating pollution prevention into MDE's daily business, including the
hosting of a pollution prevention conference, development of informational workshops, and
training of MDE staff. The Department now aims to focus a sustained effort at pollution
prevention integration into MDE's existing regulatory programs. This year's PPIS funding will
be directed to the development of permits, inspections and enforcement. The Department also
plans to emphasize training in pollution prevention for MDE staff, to familiarize them with
pollution prevention strategies and to facilitate the implementation of pollution prevention into
permitting, inspections and enforcement activities.
Maryland Department of the Environment—1995	(EPA Funding: $86,000)
The primary goal of this project is to prevent pollution through continuation and expansion of
Maryland Department of the Environment's (MDE) efforts to promote innovative pollution
prevention technologies to Maryland's small business community. MDE plans to use its model
of small business technical assistance, which provides information on new pollution preventing
technologies and financial assistance to small businesses, to help an additional industry, which
will be identified during the grant period. The project also seeks to further strengthen an
existing network of offices, institutions, and agencies in support of small business' efforts to
protect the environment.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Pennsylvania Center for Hazardous Materials Research—1990
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This grant targets fabricated metal, printed circuit board manufacturers, machinery, and chemical
and allied products industries for expansion of existing CHMR activities, which include technical
assistance, information sharing, outreach, and education.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection—1993
(EPA Funding: $146,547)
Activities under this grant include supporting PADER to establish an on-site multi-media source
reduction assessment program for small- and medium-sized businesses; developing outreach,
information exchange an a technology transfer program to disseminate current information on
pollution prevention techniques; and incorporating multi-media pollution prevention concepts into
PADER's programs wherever and whenever possible.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources, Bureau of Waste
Management—1994	(EPA Funding: $135,000)
In the last year, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources has been actively
engaged in the development and implementation of its new Source Reduction Pollution
Prevention Program. The Department seeks to implement the following initiatives this year:
(1) developing an outreach and technical assistance program for small and medium-sized firms
to encourage reduction of waste at the source; (2) implementing a new source reduction planning
program requiring companies to develop source reduction strategies for their industrial and
hazardous waste streams; (3) incorporating multi-media pollution prevention concepts into the
Department's training program, regulatory process and permitting and enforcement actions
wherever possible; (4) recognizing outstanding efforts by Pennsylvania companies to institute
pollution prevention approaches to environmental compliance; and (5) promoting and recruiting
of Pennsylvania businesses to participate in EPA's 33/50 voluntary reductions programs.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources—1995
(EPA Funding: $85,871)
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources (PADER) plans to expand its existing
Source Reduction Pollution Prevention Program. Using past PPIS grant monies, PADER has
begun to institutionalize the pollution prevention ethic internally through a staff training program
and through the development of resource materials for PADER program staff and to implement
a multimedia technical assistance program for Pennsylvania businesses. This grant will allow
PADER to enhance its program and enable it to focus its training program and outreach efforts
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
to small businesses. PPIS-funded initiatives will be targeted to the printing industry, POTW
operators, and small businesses throughout Pennsylvania.
Virginia Department of Waste Management—1990 (EPA Funding: $299,970)
The grantee will form interagency' team of "internal champions" to promote and integrate
multimedia pollution prevention in agency decision making. The Interagency Multimedia
Pollution Prevention (IMPP) team will have members from the Department of Waste
Management, Water Control Board, and Department of air Pollution Control. They will provide
access to the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University database for pollution prevention
research, host workshops and develop materials for targeted industries, and prepare studies on
opportunities for prevention in targeted industries, as identified by the Region III Comparative
Risk Project.
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality—1993
(EPA Funding: $158,000)
This project will expand Virginia's multi-media pollution prevention activities. The project is
designed to educate and then foster information sharing among organizations within Virginia
(federal/state/local/governments and industry) to forward the concept of pollution prevention.
Activities will:
•	Establish a statewide pollution prevention infrastructure involving all levels of
government, including completing the integration of pollution prevention into the
activities of the regulatory programs of the DEQ such as enforcement, inspections
and permitting.
•	Conduct multi-media P2 outreach for VA industries via innovative
Communications techniques.
•	Train DEQ regulatory staff to understand then role in promoting P2 within VA.
•	Facilitate the efficient transfer of P2 technology and information.
•	Reevaluate regulations and laws to identify existing barriers and potential
incentives for P2.
•	Measure progress through qualitative and quantitative measures.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, Office of
Pollution Prevention—1994	(EPA Funding: $90,000)
Virginia's Office of Pollution Prevention hopes to expand its program to accommodate the rise
in requests for pollution prevention assistance. The planned project entails industry outreach
activities that provide pollution prevention technical assistance in the form of educational
outreach, such as presentations, workshops, and teleconferences, and on-site assessments of
selected facilities. The Office also plans to expand regulatory integration efforts to provide
increased opportunities for pollution prevention to be employed as alternatives to traditional
command and control approaches. Ultimately, the Office seeks to increase the rate at which
industry and other organizations implement pollution prevention projects throughout the State,
and to increase the general level of awareness of pollution prevention concepts.
Old Dominion University Research Foundation—1995 (EPA Funding: $35,000)
The Old Dominion University Research Foundation, in conjunction with a local sanitation
department, plans to provide free technical assistance to small and medium-sized businesses in
the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. Using TRI data, the grantee will,identify the industry
sector in the local area that would most benefit from technical assistance and provide five audits
for businesses in this sector. The grantee will take a multimedia approach to the audits and
expects that its status as a nonregulatory body will aid in the acceptance of pollution prevention
as an environmental management priority by area businesses and industries.
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality—1995 (EPA Funding: $86,000)
This grant continues funding the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to
provide multimedia technical assistance outreach to industry and to expand its efforts to identify
opportunities for voluntary pollution prevention within agency regulatory programs. The
primary goal of the grant is to continue efforts begun under a 1993 PPIS grant: 1) establishment
of a statewide pollution prevention infrastructure involving all levels of government (i.e.,
regional planning committees, federal, state, and local governments), including identification of
opportunities for voluntary pollution prevention into the activities of DEQ's regulatory programs,
such as enforcement, inspections, and permitting; and 2) multimedia pollution prevention
outreach for Virginia industries. The primary activities of the project will involve training,
information transfer, and policy development related to pollution prevention and innovative
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
West Virginia
West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Waste Management Section—
1990	(EPA Funding: $291,689)
A public-private partnership of West Virginia's DNR, National Institute of Chemical Studies,
Professional Development Center, and Air Pollution Control Commission will facilitate a
voluntary statewide pollution prevention program modelled after NICS' Scorecard. The grantee
will offer on-site audits, newsletters, hotline, and library services, focusing on wood treating and
metal plating.
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection—1993
(EPA Funding: $150,000)
In a joint effort with the National Institute for Chemical Studies (NICS), the WVDEP strive to
increase awareness of P2 opportunities, share technological advances and ultimately cut wastes
discharged to the state's environment.
Activities under this grant involve:
•	Publication of an annual West Virginia Scorecard which is a catalyst for publicly
encouraging P2. It is a credible analysis of industrial releases to the environment
which is overseen by a group of environmentalists, industry representatives and
air, water and waste divisions of WVDEP.
•	Data quality improvements which involve an intensive process of data entry,
review and cross-checking of all data after submission.
•	Establishing workshops and seminars that will primarily address data quality,
timely filing and outreach to non-filers. The program's outreach effort is to seek
to actively engage target audiences in promoting P2.
•	. Continued publication of the quarterly Pollution Prevention newsletter that will
continue to recognize success stories from industry at home and across the
country and to encourage technology transfer. Readership will be expanded more
into small business with tips for P2 in that sector.
West Virginia Division of Environmental Protection (Office of Water
Resources—1994	(EPA Funding: $90,000)
The Office of Water Resources (OWR) will use PPIS funds to develop a new program that
merges its P2 objectives with those of the Office of Waste Management (OWM). The resulting
program will assist municipalities, Public Service Districts, and small businesses in incorporating
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
P2 into their long range plans. Under this project, OWR will conduct facility audits upon
request to evaluate needs and assist with preparation of P2 plans. The new program will also
compile source reduction information and develop a computer database or a library of literature
for use by industry and the public. In addition, program staff will provide training to OWR and
OWM permit writers on P2 techniques and incorporation of P2 into permits.
West Virginia Department of Environmental Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $86,000)
This grant will continue funding to support West Virginia's Pollution Prevention Services
program, whose primary goal is to promote a multimedia approach to source reduction. With
PPIS monies, the grantee will continue to produce the West Virginia Scorecard, an analysis of
industrial releases to the environment which is overseen by the National Institute for Chemical
Studies. In addjtion, the state will continue implementing a program of data quality assurance
for all TRI data reported by manufacturers in West Virginia. The grantee also plans to conduct
several workshops and seminars and continue publication of its pollution prevention newsletter.
Other Organziations
The Schuylkill Center for Environmental Education—1994
(EPA Funding: $130,000)
The Schuylkill Center plans to strengthen the pollution prevention component of the current
drafts of its Regional Environmental Education Program (REEP) high school curriculum,
consisting of five units, one each for teachers of biology, chemistry, physics/technology,
environmental science and social studies. In addition to updating the present REEP curriculum,
the Schuylkill Center seeks to identify and train facilitators in the new curriculum in EPA
Region III by working cooperatively with EPA pollution prevention personnel and statewide
environmental education agencies and to provide support for state facilitators in conducting
teacher workshops in the REEP high school curriculum.
The Schuylkill Center for Environmental Education—1995
(EPA Funding: $24,129)
The Schuylkill Center has developed a pollution prevention component of its Regional
Environmental Education Program (REEP) high school curriculum. The curriculum consists of
five units, one each for teachers of biology, chemistry, physics/technology, environmental
science and social studies. The Center seeks to train facilitators in the new curriculum in EPA
Region III. These facilitators will then be prepared to conduct workshops for teachers, whose
students may gain concrete strategies for personal implementation of actions to protect the
environment by preventing pollution at its source.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Alabama Department of Environmental Management—1991
(EPA Funding: $165,000)
This grant will institutionalize Alabama's WRATT (technical assistance) program; provide
technical assistance specifically to Alabama companies targeted under the 33/50 project;
coordinate to address the requirements of Sec. 507 of the CAA Amendments (Small Business
Stationary Source Technical and Environmental Compliance Assistance Program); develop
strategies to make technical assistance more relevant and accessible to small businesses; expand
a public education program; and develop a methodology to measure the effectiveness of P2
activities in redueing pollution.
Alabama Department of Environmental Management—1993
(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve the further development and institutionalization of a voluntary,
multimedia pollution prevention program utilizing the combined expertise and resources of
existing industrial, governmental and academic programs, to support and implement multimedia
pollution prevention activities.
Activities will:
•	Expand efforts of the Waste Reduction and Technical Transfer Learning
Education and Research (WRATTLER) Foundation to assist in implementing
strategies to make technical assistance more relevant and accessible to small
businesses, and to conduct post-assessment reviews.
•	Establish and expand WRATT's working relationships with Tennessee Valley
Authority, universities, industry and other organizations to enhance research and
development activities, to maximize and optimize accurate technology transfer
within industry, and to assure good engineering practices.
•	Develop strategies to encourage voluntary participation in P2 by businesses
requesting assistance through the newly announced multimedia ombudsman office
in ADEM.
•	Develop and initiate a campaign within ADEM to increase awareness of P2
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
© Use existing sources of data and request additional information to be provided on
a voluntary basis from industry in order to evaluate the current areas of interest
and to identify needs.
® Provide continuing support and promotion of P2 through cooperative efforts with
Auburn University Extension Service, WRATTLER, Legacy, Waste Minimization
Advisory Committee (WMAC), Capacity Assurance, EPA, and other forums as
they arise.
® Develop strategies to expand the public/private cooperation in existing and future
P2 programs.
Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM), Special Projects—
1994	{EPA Funding: $80,000)
ADEM plans to expand and continue its pollution prevention program with an increased focus
on multimedia concepts. Specifically, Special Projects hopes to identify and evaluate
opportunities for expanding existing media-specific projects into multimedia efforts and to
strengthen the link between multimedia and media-specific programs to reduce the risk of cross-
media transfer. The Department also seeks to develop a departmental pollution prevention
strategy. PPIS grant funds will be used to present a department workshop, to conduct interviews
with department personnel, and to contact other states to leam about their pollution prevention
activities. After identifying the overall need for pollution prevention assistance, Special Projects
will draft a preliminary pollution prevention strategy.
Since its formation, ADEM has been actively involved in developing and supporting pollution
prevention programs, including the cooperative efforts with the Ombudsman Office, the Auburn
University Engineering Cooperative Extension Service, the Waste Reduction and Technology
Transfer (WRATT) Foundation, and LEGACY. ADEM will continue its support of these
organizations and their pollution prevention programs by attending meetings and conferences and
assisting them in offering technical assistance workshops. In addition to supporting the efforts
of these other organizations, ADEM will participate in the Region 4 project to evaluate the
effectiveness of technical assistance programs.
Alabama Department of Environmental Management—1995
(EPA Funding: $80,000)
With this PPIS grant, Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) seeks to
plan and develop expansion of the State Multimedia Pollution Prevention Program and its
capabilities. To fulfill this goal, ADEM will undertake the following activities: 1) evaluate and
prioritize development of new core PPIS program elements, including finalizing and developing
an implementation plan for a departmental pollution prevention strategy; 2) expand multimedia
pollution prevention efforts in a coordinated approach addressing prioritized needs internally and
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
externally; 3) expand the multimedia pollution prevention capabilities of the State program
through the development or acquisition of appropriate educational materials; and 4) continue
program improvement through evaluation of and revisions to program elements, including
addressing institutional barriers to pollution prevention.
Florida Department of Environmental Regulation—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This grant will support a demonstration project in which Dade Co. Environmental Resources
Management staff will establish a local government multimedia P2 program that trains 13
existing environmental permitting and compliance staff on how to integrate source reduction into
all DERM actions for the 4,000 facilities they inspect each year. Project experience will be
documented in a "Preventing Pollution Guidebook for Local Governments" and disseminated to
the other counties and city and regional government units in Florida.
Florida Department of Environmental Regulation—1993
(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve:
•	Expanding technical assistance capabilities through the hiring of more people with
experience and technical expertise in engineering, science and a variety of other
disciplines to Florida's businesses and offices. These people will conduct
technical assistance visits—collecting data on current use of chemicals and
resources, their costs, utility bills for water and energy, and their solid and
hazardous waste disposal costs. As P2 options are analyzed, the potential
environmental and economic improvements are quantified and recorded as
potential reductions or potential dollar savings. After a project is completed, the
staff quantifies the achieved results. The Department plans to expand the current
results measuring system to include measuring reductions in human health risks
and linking P2 achievements to environmental objectives.
•	Planning an outreach effort of forums throughout Florida to discuss Florida's P2
policy outlined in the Florida Pollution Prevention Act and the recommendations
of the P2 Council. The goal of these recommendations will be to increase
voluntary multi-media P2 efforts.
•	Establishing two courses of multimedia P2 training for Department and local
government regulatory staff, in an effort to expand the Department's efforts to
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
further institutionalize consideration of P2 alternatives as a part of Florida's
environmental regulatory framework.
Florida Department of Environmental Protection—1994
(EPA Funding: $80,00(f)
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection focuses efforts on pollution prevention
through the Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP). WRAP is a confidential, non-
regulatory, free service which is designed to assist Florida individuals, businesses, industries,
governments, and educational facilities in reducing their generation of hazardous waste. Based
on analysis of TRI data, WRAP will focus its efforts on industries with fiberglass, painting, and
cleaning processes. These industries will be targeted with fact sheets, workshops and
presentations. The programs also will work in conjunction with trade associations, when
possible. In addition, the Department plans to decentralize coordination of technical transfer to
five district offices to integrate the pollution prevention approach at all levels of the Department
and effectively interface with local trade associations.
Florida Department of Environmental Protection—1995
(EPA Funding: $85,000)
Through this grant, the core staff of Florida's Pollution Prevention Program will obtain the
expertise to hold statewide "train the trainer" sessions. These sessions will focus on training
local government managers to start pollution prevention programs and to provide pollution
prevention training to other local government personnel. The project will further Florida's goal
of localizing pollution prevention. Media-specific inspectors trained to recognize pollution
1 prevention in their individual areas of regulation will learn of the positive effects of pollution
prevention on other media in which they are.not involved (ultimately leading to a community
of multimedia inspectors), and local government personnel will be provided with a basis to
provide a variety of technical assistance to businesses in their county, including workshops,
technical presentations, and site visits.
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division—
1990	(EPA Funding: $270,000)
The grantee will influence the planning and designing of new and expanding facilities; establish
a comprehensive integrated statewide multimedia source reduction and recycling program;
establish achievable goals for waste reduction consistent with Georgia's CAP; establish a system
for prioritization and targeting; provide training for inspectors and compliance officers; provide
on-site technical assistance; and analyze existing single-media programs to identify additional
prevention opportunities.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Authority—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This grant will develop and implement a P2 "Action Grant" program to enhance and expand on
the training and technical assistance activities funded by the State and a previous PPIS grant.
GHWMA will work with the Georgia Technical Research Institute to provide matching grants
of up to $15,000 to industry to demonstrate P2 projects. It will focus on industries that ship
hazardous waste off-site for disposal and have discharges and releases to other media. The
project will be coordinated with the Seniors Assessment and Technical Assistance (SATAP)
program which uses the technical expertise of retired professionals and student teams to provide
technical assistance to industry.
Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Authority—1993
{EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant seek to develop and sponsor a series of workshops to promote
successful P2 programs in industry. Workshops will be facilitated by representative industries
across the state that have had significant success in implementing a P2 ethic into their
organizations. The workshops will teach participants how to reduce the quantities of waste they
are producing, and instill a P2 culture into their company. The basic approach is to let "industry
help industry."
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Pollution Prevention Assistance
Division—1994	(EPA Funding: $80,000)
To assist in the development of a pollution prevention plan, as required by Senate Bill 200, the
Pollution Prevention Assistance Division will prepare a targeting study report that identifies
those chemicals released by Georgia manufacturers that pose the greatest threat to human health.
This report will help the Division identify and prioritize the manufacturing sectors that generate
these chemicals. Using the results of the target study, the Division plans to perform assessments
of the selected sectors and work with the industries to report on the current waste generating
processes, review existing pollution prevention efforts, and identify new pollution prevention
technologies (and potential impediments to implementing them). In addition, the Division will
conduct a survey in conjunction with Region 4 initiatives to evaluate the effectiveness of existing
pollution prevention technical assistance efforts.
Georgia Tech Research Corporation—1994	(EPA Funding: $9,999)
While many pollution prevention technical assistance efforts focus on waste reduction at small
firms, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation is currently examining ways to focus technical
assistance attention to mid-sized firms. Technology transfer to these mid-sized firms may yield
significantly larger reductions in pollution. Previously, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation
had conducted a mail survey of 1,500 firms and received response from over 600 firms. To
continue with these efforts, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation plans to use the survey
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
results in conjunction with new TRI data and other financial data to develop technology transfer
strategies for mid-sized firms. To follow up on responses to the initial survey, the Georgia Tech
Research Corporation plans to complete case studies for four in-state firms and four out-of-state
firms. The Georgia Tech Research Corporation will also, develop a more systematic assessment
of the impacts of state programs on corporate decision making in pollution prevention.
Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division—1995
(EPA Funding: $80,000)
With this grant the Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD) will design and
implement a program to recognize businesses that have successfully demonstrated the economic
and environmental benefits of pollution prevention, as well as the commitment necessary from
employees and management to implement a program that meets their pollution prevention goals.
The grantee will also conduct pollution prevention workshops for industry sectors generating
chemicals of particular concern. In addition, P2AD plans to assess the level of interest and
commitment of a number of local governments towards developing pollution prevention
assistance programs within their county or city. P2AD will work with interested local
governments to evaluate the feasibility of establishing programs that encourage a pollution
prevention ethic in local industries and within their own county or city organizations.
Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection—1989
{EPA Funding: $300,000)
Program goals include compilation of a single, cross-media hazardous waste risk and release
database for management decision-making; provision of cross-media technical advisory and
environmental audit staff; further expansion of cross-media waste minimization programs; and
reduction of volume/toxicity of hazardous waste generated in order to meet capacity
requirements. Other participants include the University of Louisville, the DEP, and Kentucky
Partners, a waste minimization, information dissemination, and technical assistance program
begun at the cabinet level with the assistance of the University of Louisville and additional
financing through a RITTA grant.
Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection—1993
(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve the continuation of P2 site visit assessments for industries and
businesses; publishing the quarterly newsletter "The Waste Line;" maintaining and expanding
directory of companies serving the P2 market; convening four annual seminars on P2;
conducting industry-specific workshops on P2; assisting the state in expanding program goals
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
and objectives, including tracking 33/50 companies; and developing a Technical Assistance Plan
for State government.
Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet—1994
{EPA Funding: $80,000)
The Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet will undertake two
separate projects. The objective of their first project is to evaluate the effectiveness of the
current pollution prevention technical assistance program in the state. As part of this effort, the
state will survey industry. In addition to this evaluation effort, the state will work with the
neighboring states of Ohio and West Virginia on a Tri-State Geographic Initiative project to
defme, remediate, and prevent environmental problems in the region's air, soil, and water. This
is a five phase project and the current grant covers phases 1, 2, and 3. The overall project
includes industry, and community discussions; identification of industries and chemicals of
concern (and the preparation of a presentation of these findings); technical assistance for industry
in developing source reduction goals; and scheduling of pollution prevention assessments for on-
site visits. The Cabinet also is planning a kick-off event for industries in the tri-state area and
will prepare a technical assistance-based P2 conference.
Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection—1995
(EPA Funding: $85,000)
This grant will be used to compliment the efforts of Kentucky's new Pollution Prevention
Center. The Center's overall goal is to help Kentucky businesses achieve hazardous waste and
toxic chemical reductions of 25 percent and 50 percent by 1997 and 2002, respectively. The
Center's activities will include: 1) develop and deliver pollution prevention planning training
programs and material for industry, state, and local regulatory personnel; 2) develop and
distribute for voluntary implementation pollution prevention plans for the major classes of
business and industry that generate hazardous waste or release toxic chemicals in the state; 3)
continue to produce and distribute a quarterly newsletter; 4) provide onsite pollution prevention
assistance in the form of assessments and pollution prevention plan development; and 5) sponsor,
develop, and conduct conferences and individualized workshops on pollution prevention for
specific classes of business or industry.
Mississippi Department of Natural Resources—1989 (EPA Funding: $300,000)
The grantee intends to serve primarily small- to medium-sized industries while stressing broad
participation from regulatory agencies, industries, universities, and local governments. The five-
phased program consists of planning/coordination, outreach, technical assistance, tracking
documentation reporting, and a demonstration project.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality—1993
{EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve:
® Providing multimedia P2 training seminars/workshops for MDEQ regulatory
© Conducting waste minimization potential analyses which provide for direct on-site
technical assistance to businesses and industries to identify and analyze methods
for reducing/minimizing waste.
® Establishing waste minimization reassessment meetings to assist industries in
understanding waste minimization and its benefits; facilitate clarification of goals,
needs and priorities in waste reduction; provide educational training for
employees; and to utilize the functions of an on-site waste minimization
management team.
® Designing, developing, and implementing a public information campaign to
promote P2 in the State, consisting of newspaper, radio and television public
service announcements.
© Continuing P2 demonstration projects with the following groups: hotel/
restaurant, school district, community college, university, municipality, and
county (rural).
©' Continuing to maintain an information exchange with a waste exchange
component for all industries, businesses, municipalities, students, and the general
public on P2.
® Producing appropriate materials for use by Mississippi generators of wastes to
assist in their P2 efforts.
® Conducting regional conferences on P2.
© Producing newsletters on P2 for industry, business, municipalities and the general
® Developing a questionnaire that will identify perceived regulatory and non-
regulatory barriers and incentives to P2.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
•	Initiating a challenge grants' program to provide funding for projects which
demonstrate technologies and techniques for the reduction of waste and the
prevention of pollution.
•	Initiating a Governor's award program to recognize and honor accomplishments
of businesses, industries, cities and/or counties in the field of waste reduction/
pollution prevention.
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)—1994
(EPA Funding: $80,000)
The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality will continue its technical assistance/
technology transfer program for pollution prevention and expand the scope of its program.
MDEQ will assist industry by conducting waste minimization analyses, hosting pollution
prevention preassessment meetings, and producing technical assistance materials for waste
generators. The Department also will work on developing and implementing a public
information campaign which will include an information exchange with a waste exchange
component, a regional pollution prevention conference, and a newsletter for general distribution.
In addition, MDEQ will develop programs to recognize achievements in the area of pollution
prevention, such as a challenge grant program to provide funding for projects demonstrating
waste reduction and pollution prevention, and a Governor's award program to honor
accomplishments in Pollution Prevention. MDEQ will also participate in Region 4 efforts to
evaluate the effectiveness of pollution prevention technical assistance programs.
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $80,000)
This grant will allow the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality to continue the
technical assistance and technology transfer program for pollution prevention. Technical
assistance will be provided to industries, businesses, municipalities, counties, state offices, and
the general public in Mississippi. The grantee plans to conduct workshops for the state Small
Business Development Centers Program staff to familiarize staff with pollution prevention; work
with governmental and non-governmental institutions in the state to institutionalize multimedia'
pollution prevention as an environmental management priority; review state TRI data to
determine industries who require the most pollution prevention assistance; and conduct on-site
technical assistance visits for businesses and industries.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
North Carolina
North Carolina Department of Natural Resources & Community Development—
1989	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The grantee seeks to augment its multi-media waste reduction program with the development of
a waste reduction information management system. The overall goal is to integrate specific
waste reduction information for planning, managing, and evaluating reductions in air emissions,
water discharge, toxic releases, and generation to hazardous waste through the development and
testing of the system. This project will serve as a demonstration project for other states.
North Carolina Department of Environmental Health and Natural Resources—
1993	(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve:
© Identify small business categories which will be impacted by the CAA.
® Develop a range of technical information packages which can be directly used by
the targeted small business to reduce waste from all media.
© Disseminate the information through a range of methods which could include
direct mail, workshops, teleconferences, newsletters, and related activities.
• Conduct training courses for the selected business groups on implementing waste
reduction programs and available techniques.
® Identify areas for further research and work with the Office of Waste Reduction,
USEPA, the University system and similar groups to undertake the needed
research.	,
© Work with the Office of Small Business Ombudsman and the Division of
Environmental Management's Air Quality Section to insure that waste reduction
is included in all small business technical assistance, regulatory and enforcement
efforts undertaken by the state.
© Establish tracking and QA/QC program to insure that the project is meeting the
client businesses' needs and has been effective in reducing waste.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources,
Office of Waste Reduction, Pollution Prevention Program—1994
{EPA Funding: $80,000)
The North Carolina Pollution Prevention Program has provided technical assistance services
since 1984 and has reached over 4,000 businesses. To help effectively expand its outreach
efforts, the Pollution Prevention Program is seeking to develop innovative outreach and
education programs. It is not possible for the Department to provide one-on-one assistance for
each of the tens of thousands of businesses in North Carolina. As a result, the Department plans
to develop outreach and education materials for suppliers, trade associations, and regulatory
inspectors because research has shown that companies look for assistance from these groups.
In addition, the Department plans to focus outreach materials on those industries that will be
facing new regulatory requirements. This year, the Department plans to target the furniture
industry which jwill soon face new air emission reduction requirements. The Pollution
Prevention Program plans to use PPIS grant funding to develop and distribute outreach materials
(videos, case studies, publications, and slides); conduct workshops and training sessions; and
improve accessibility of pollution prevention information by interested parties.
North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources,
Office of Waste Reduction, Pollution Prevention Program—1994
(EPA Funding: $40,000)
This Research Triangle Institute will develop an evaluation systems database for the Pollution
Prevention Program. The database will be used to help North Carolina with its pollution
prevention technology transfer efforts. The system is intended to fill a number of management
needs, including measuring and improving customer satisfaction. As part of the design process,
the Research Triangle Institute will conduct a review of the current practice of evaluating the
effectiveness of waste reduction technology development and deployment organizations. The
Research Triangle Institute will also evaluate the needs of potential users and the possible uses
for the system, as well as inventory the available data sources and design survey instruments.
North Carolina Department of Health, Environment and Natural Resources—
1995	(EPA Funding: $80,000)
The North Carolina Office of Waste Reduction (OWR) plans to expand its pollution prevention
education and outreach efforts. Specifically, OWR will develop workshops, outreach materials,
and enhanced information-sharing systems, in coordination with state and local regulatory
agencies, to help promote pollution prevention in businesses, industries, and local governments.
Activities in these efforts will include 1) developing and duplicating outreach materials,
publications, videos, and case studies; 2) conducting workshops and training sessions;
3)	improving accessibility of pollution prevention information by interested parties; and
4)	conducting demonstration projects. Industries targeted for outreach activities will include
fiberglass boatbuilding, textile, wood furniture, and metal fabrication.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
South Carolina
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
"South Carolina Pollution Prevention Assistance Project" will expand the state's current
hazardous waste minimization program by addressing P2 from a multimedia perspective, provide
technical assistance to companies with the largest emissions of chemicals identified by EPA's
"33/50" project, and provide training in source reduction approaches. Specific activities include:
clearinghouse development; multimedia P2 assessments; follow-up; development of a P2
directory and newsletter; development of a strategy for promoting P2 within state regulatory
programs; and prioritization for outreach.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control—1993
(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Activities under this grant involve small- and medium-sized industries in the development of a
Waste Minimization Program in their operation. This grant is important to small operation
especially with the oncoming advent of the elimination of key ozone depleting solvents by 1996
as mandated by the Montreal Protocol. Small companies using such solvents are the most
vulnerable to this mandate since in most cases they lack the personnel, expertise, and capital to
find and develop suitable substitutes and equipment to replace the banned solvents.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Center for
Waste Minimization—1994	(EPA Funding: $80,00(f)
South Carolina plans to establish a program entitled, "Pollution Prevention Intervention Plan,"
to help industries reduce pollution through interaction with regulatory agencies. The program
will provide early intervention by trained technicians from the Center for Waste Minimization,
who will help facilities prepare waste minimization programs and will offer them technical
assistance to reduce waste. The program will focus on first-time violators, especially of new
regulations and statutes. The Center will also target small business entities that may not have
individual staffs dedicated to regulatory issues. In addition to these technical assistance services,
the Center will conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of technical assistance programs.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control—1995
(EPA Funding: $50,000)
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control's Center for Waste
Minimization plans to use 1995 PPIS monies to enhance the Department's pollution prevention
program. The Center will partner with nonregulatory organizations to provide free waste
assessments to businesses and industries in South Carolina. The Center plans to develop a waste
minimization report for each recipient of technical assistance, which will be used to target waste
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' Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
minimization efforts more effectively. The Center hopes that the nonregulatory nature of its
assessments will encourage industry to accept technical assistance from the Center.
Tennessee Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Environment—
1990	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This project will expand waste reduction technical assistance and training activities through:
industry awareness; use of retired engineers for waste reduction assessment; training of retirees
from other states; industry-specific teleconferencing; videos on waste reduction; and workshops
for regulatory personnel.
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation—1993
(EPA Funding: $56,250)
Under this grant, Tennessee DEC will:
•	Develop a "Toxics 2000 Partnership," a voluntary effort by Tennessee's
industries to reduce waste (expanding on EPA's 33/50 Program) and share
information about waste reduction/pollution prevention successes.
•	Offer technical assistance to new businesses and assist existing businesses with
pollution prevention and waste reduction.
•	Develop the Toxics 2000 Bulletin Board, which will include an inventory of
businesses which are interested in selling, trading, or buying industrial waste
products and schedules for training sessions and seminars.
•	Expand the waste reduction assistance newsletter (WRAP SHEET) to include a
four-page section devoted to pollution prevention information.
•	Establish a technical assistance arm of the newly-created Division of Pollution
Prevention and Environmental Awareness by hiring technical personnel who will
focus on multi-media training and assistance for industries not currently involved
in existing programs.
•	Assist the University of Tennessee Center for Industrial Services by co-sponsoring
the 1993 National Pollution Prevention Roundtable.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Pollution
Prevention/Environmental Awareness—1994	(EPA Funding: $80,000)
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation plans to continue implementing
the pollution prevention initiatives that began during FY 1993-94. In an effort to expand the
pollution prevention initiatives, the Department will prepare a report, "Tennessee Corporate
Challenge 2000," to chart industrial progress in meeting proposed goals by the year 200 and
publicize individual reduction commitments. In addition to the report, the division will sponsor
a pollution prevention conference and assist companies in setting and meeting reduction goals..
The division also plans to expand the WRAP Sheet newsletter section dedicated to pollution
prevention information and develop a multi-media Governor's Award program. Additionally,
the division will participate in the Region 4 initiative to evaluate existing technical assistance
efforts and will identify and train a P2 "advocate" in each regulatory division in multi-media P2
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $80,000)
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's Division of Pollution Prevention
will continue its existing program and broaden its scope of work. It plans to further the work
of the 2000 Initiative Committee, a group of technical representatives from the top releasers of
toxic chemicals in the state gathered for education and pollution prevention goal setting, by 1)
developing specific, measurable goals for toxics reduction through pollution prevention; 2)
completing a report to chart industrial progress on meeting reduction goals; 3) sponsoring
regional conferences; and 4) assisting companies in setting reduction targets and accomplishing
their goals. In addition, the grantee will continue producing a pollution prevention newsletter,
training pollution prevention division staff in technical assistance, and giving multimedia
governor's awards to recognize industry efforts in pollution prevention.
Other Organizations
Southface Energy Institute—1995	(EPA Funding: $50,000)
The Southface Energy Institute intends to build on an initial Partners for a Clean Environment
(PACE) Project in which the Institute developed publicity and technical assistance materials for
PACE, and conducted a successful pilot program in which 15 companies elected to increase the
efficiency of their use of resources and become PACE members. In this project, Southface will
conduct a highly publicized, targeted campaign to sign up 100 companies as PACE members by
the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. The grantee plans to organize a press conference on
Earth Day 1996 to announce the companies that have joined PACE.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention—
1990	(EPA Funding: $299,600)
This grant will fund a cooperative project between IEPA and the Hazardous Waste Resource and
Information Center. IEPA will use funds to implement the state's Toxic Pollution Prevention
Act. The grantee, will identify, target, and monitor pollution prevention opportunities and
activities; expedite permit review procedures; review facility plans; provide workshops and
courses; develop curriculum; sponsor pilot projects; engage in research; publish educational and
informational materials; and provide on-site technical assistance.
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency—1992 (EPA Funding: $200,000)
IEPA's Office of Pollution Prevention will provide training in basics of pollution prevention to
mixed groups of agency personnel—various media, roles and management levels. Phase II of
the training will take on a "Lead by Example" concept and shift focus to environmental impacts
beyond the industrial sector.
Illinois Hazardous Waste Research Information Research Center—1993
(EPA Funding: $195,000)
In an effort to expand its pollution prevention efforts with small and medium businesses in
Illinois, the grantee will:
•	Investigate techniques and technologies designed to reduce or eliminate the use
of solvents, particularly those targeted by the Clean Air Act and Pollution
Prevention Act of 1990.
•	Use TRI data to identify facilities that are reporting emission reductions and will
examine the reasons for these reductions and whether they might be applicable to
other similar facilities.
•	Work with DCCA's Small Business Environmental Assistance Program, HWRIC
will identify industry participants needing technical evaluations of alternative
cleaning products and related technologies designed to reduce the amount of
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution
Prevention—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency's (IEPA) goal is to continue integrating pollution
prevention into its media programs. Some of the activities IEPA will be working on include
setting up a hotline, performing on-site technical assistance, developing regulatory proposals,
preparing outreach programs, and setting up conferences and workshops.
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency—1995
(EPA Funding: $111,666)
The Illinois EPA will use PPIS grant funds to continue the integration of pollution prevention
into the following multi-media programs: 1) a hotline to provide answers for the typical
compliance questions of industry representatives and sanitary districts, and promote solving
discharge and emissions problems through pollution prevention; 2) on-site mutual assistance for
businesses; 3) an annual pollution prevention conference; 4) community outreach workshops, and
5) pollution prevention training for IEPA personnel.
Indiana Department of Environmental Management—1989
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
Indiana DEM's goal is to create an integrated technical assistance and enforcement program.
This will be accomplished by. providing cross-media training for IDEM employees; creating
a multi-media enforcement action reporting system for recording violations; identifying corporate
representatives for waste reduction opportunity assessments; implementing an information and
education program; conducting surveys of firms for which technical assistance is provided; and
seeking corporate and legislative financial support for continuing this source reduction and
recycling program.
Purdue University, Division of Sponsored Programs—1990
(EPA Funding: $300,300)
Focusing on point source agricultural pollution prevention, this project will: provide training
for Cooperative Extension Service agricultural agents concerning the identification, analysis, and
resolution of potential pollution problems; compile a current inventory of practices, technologies, '
and programs that can be applied to agriculture; publish a manual for use by CES agents and
others; organize an Indiana Agricultural Industry Pollution Prevention Advisory Council;
implement a technical assistance program including on-site assessments, workshops, a hotline,
newsletter, and a farm chemical exchange; investigate the feasibility of establishing a network
of implement fluid and battery recycling centers; investigate the feasibility of establishing
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
regularly scheduled farm chemical "clean-up" days; and develop a curriculum module on
prevention for the pesticide applicator certification training program.
Indiana Department of Environmental Management—1993
(EPA Funding: $20,000)
The Office of Pollution Prevention and Technical Assistance (OPPTA) incorporates pollution
prevention within other program offices, and unites the two geographically separated offices by
working on a common project. The proposal includes development of a working relationship
with the district waste management offices and facilities, and the IUs (Industrial Users) in those
areas. It supports government partnerships from the local to federal level, and uses the existing
network of industry database information to work together on pollution prevention initiatives.
This proposal addresses a prime cause of this environmental problem by focusing on a list of
critical toxic pollutants including mercury, lead, and copper, with the IUs and indirect discharger
sources that need reduction or elimination in order to achieve local, State, and Federal toxic
reduction goals. In addition, OPPTA is mandated to present pollution prevention as an
alternative in department actions with efforts to reach these goals. The multimedia, interagency
approach will pilot innovative approaches to toxic pollution prevention in the Lake Michigan
Activities will:
•	Accelerate Toxic Pollution Prevention (TPP) through technical assistance to direct
and indirect discharges on the Grand Calumet River. The pollution prevention
methods.aimed at source reduction include:
•	product reformulation
•	input substitutions
•	modifications or new process design
•	changes in operational procedures
•	inprocess, closed-loop recycling
•	Address topics identified by the EPA in the 33/50 and LaMP programs, the
State's own pollution prevention efforts, and local POTW's concerns.
•	Ensure the 20 percent toxic reduction in the sanitary district and that goals are
Purdue University, Indiana Pollution Prevention and Safe Materials Institute—
1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
Purdue University will develop reliable pollution prevention measurement methods for several
industry sectors (e.g., plastics, metal coatings/plating, wood products). Developing these
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
methods will require cooperation from representatives of the industry sectors and extensive
testing of proposed measures. The Indiana Pollution Prevention and Safe Materials Institute
initiated this project because neither it nor the Indiana Department of Environmental
Management had adequate means of measuring pollution prevention.
Indiana Department of Environmental Management—1995
(EPA Funding: $114,166)
This project consists of three distinct projects that the Indiana Department of Environmental
Management will manage: 1) a drycleaner recognition project that encourages drycleaners to
accomplish significant environmental and pollution prevention goals; 2) a mercury pollution
prevention program to identify potential sources of mercury in commerce and help companies
become aware of mercury and its potential hazards; and 3) an ISO-14000 demonstration project
to evaluate the effectiveness of the program to promote pollution prevention among businesses
in Indiana. In addition, IDEM will provide $5000 in PPIS funding to the Solid and Hazardous
Waste Education Center at the University of Wisconsin - Extension to help maintain and update
two pollution prevention information databases entitled TECHINFO and VENDINFO.
Michigan Department of Natural Resources—1989 (EPA Funding: $240,050)
Michigan's "Source Reduction Intern Program" will provide a technical assistance program
which will include training interns as well as state and county staff; providing on-site technical
analysis (identification of multimedia opportunities, design of implementation strategies,
assistance in implementing strategies); and measuring volumes and toxicities of wastes reduced.
The grant will focus on small- and medium-sized electroplaters and automobile assembly and
components parts plants. Cooperative effort between Michigan DNR and Department of
Commerce. Graduate level and superior senior level students will be recruited from Michigan
State, University of Michigan, and Michigan Tech.
Michigan State University, Cooperative Extension Service—1990
(EPA Funding: $250,359)
The "Michigan Waste Assessment Training Project" will develop a 100-hour intensive and
applied training course for waste assessors, providing them with the ability to conduct waste
assessments for the purpose of evaluating waste management practices of a variety of types of
businesses, and recommend waste reduction alternatives. The project will be conducted in
conjunction with Oakland County Department of Public Works.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Michigan Department of Education, Instructional Specialist Program—1990
(EPA Funding: $125,163)
This project focuses on multimedia pollution prevention at educational facilities through the
design and implementation of: selected instructional materials on resource protection; a guide
to school pollution prevention opportunities; Model Pollution Prevention Action Plans for
schools; activities for ongoing student and staff involvement; in-service training modules; a
videotaped program for in-service training; and evaluation reports on effectiveness of project.
Michigan Department of Commerce, Environmental Services Division—1994
(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The Michigan Department of Commerce will direct technical assistance to the pulp and paper
industry. First the Department will develop a formal agreement between the state agency and
the pulp and paper trade association that establishes a two-year voluntary, multi-media pollution
prevention project. The Department will then identify compounds to be targeted for the duration
of the project and develop a mechanism to track and report reductions in releases of targeted
compounds. The Department also plans to develop a research and development grant
opportunity for a pollution prevention project, and will host open discussions between the state
agency and the paper trade association regarding disincentives to pollution prevention and
regulatory barriers. The Division hopes to ultimately coordinate the project with similar projects
in other states and in Canada.
Michigan Department of Natural Resources—1995
(EPA Funding: $109,985)
The State of Michigan purposes to undertake three activities with FY 1995 Pollution Prevention
Incentives for State (PPIS) grant funds: 1) Agricultural Pollution Prevention Project (AP2); 2)
Michigan Great Printers Project (MGPP); and 3) Great Lakes Technical Resource Library
(GLTRL). The AP2 Project will address the need to undertake efforts to reduce agricultural
sources of pollution and engage in cooperative pollution prevention partnerships with agricultural
organizations within the state. The MGPP Project, which is being proposed in conjunction with
the regional Great Printers Project, will address pollutants used and released by the lithographic
printing industry. The GLTRL is a regional computer-based library and database established
by the Solid & Hazardous Waste Education Center at the University of Wisconsin to serve the
Great Lakes states. The PPIS funds allocated to the GLTRL will be used to continue to build
the database and to make the information more accessible.
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Pollution,Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Minnesota Office of Waste Management, MnTAP—1990
(EPA Funding: $299,634)
This grant funds a cooperative project between MnTAP and the Minnesota Pollution Control
Agency. The grantee will develop and evaluate a risk screening and priority ranking method
for hazardous air emissions and then adapt to multimedia facility emissions data; use results for
targeting demonstrations projects specifically for the reduction of hazardous air emissions;
further document results involving solvent emissions and waste reduction; and provide technical
assistance and outreach.
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe—1994	(EPA Funding: $80,000)
The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe will develop a long-term pollution prevention strategy by
integrating pollution prevention provisions into existing federal environmental protection and/or
management grants, contracts, and programs. One phase of the project will require the twelve
Tribal governing bodies in Minnesota to coordinate a Tribal effort to implement pollution
prevention programs. To achieve their goals, Tribal staff members will require substantial
training and continued technical assistance.
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA), Environmental Analysis
Office—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
Funds from the PPIS grant will enable the MPCA to integrate pollution prevention into its
regulatory activities and will allow the Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP) to
continue non-regulatory, reviews and technical assistance. Specific activities will include
developing training programs for integrating pollution prevention into regulatory activities. The
MPCA will also develop indicators of the level of pollution prevention integration and measures
of the impact of pollution prevention integration on releases, emissions, and off-site transfers.
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency—1995
(EPA Funding: $111,666)
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) will use the Pollution Prevention Incentives
to States grant for financial assistance in support of the MPCA's efforts to integrate pollution
prevention into all aspects of its regulatory activities. Specifically, the following objectives are
to be implemented: 1) develop and implement training programs, including case studies and
training plans for integrating pollution prevention into regulatory activities; 2) develop indicators
to measure pollution prevention integration in media programs; 3) review Air Quality rules to
identify impediments to implementation of pollution prevention strategies by regulated clients;
and 4) develop guidelines for Supplemental Environmental Projects for incorporation into
enforcement settlements.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
University of Cincinnati—1992	(EPA Funding: $20,000)
This three year pollution prevention project conducted by the University of Cincinnati
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering will demonstrate prevention progress that
can be achieved if a whole community focuses attention upon implementing pollution prevention
as its preferred waste management strategy. Target audiences identified for project activities are
business and industry, government and other institutions, and the general public. Goals of the
proposal are to establish a mechanism to develop pollution prevention policies; develop methods
to educate local business and industry leaders, and the public on pollution prevention concepts
and their daily application; provide technical assistance to small businesses implementing
pollution prevention programs; establish a program for city government as a model.
Ohio Department of Development—1993	(EPA Funding: $195,000)
The initiative under this grant involves motivating industry to eliminate Ozone Layer Depleting
Substances (OLDS) and reduce VOCs through P2 techniques. With this in mind, activities under
this grant include:
•	Develop six outreach presentations; develop print, press and other
communications which will increase P2 awareness and motivate industries to
change. This will be based on the number of attendees.
•	Provide five pollution prevention opportunity assessments, that will identify site
specific cleaning alternatives and encourage change. This result in potential and
actual waste and cost reductions and maintain an ongoing P2 program.
•	Hold two industry cleaning alternative events that would provide technical
information on P2 and cleaning alternatives.
•	Demonstrate cleaning alternatives for companies that will show technical
feasibility to encourage implementation. This will be based on the number of
users; implementation rate; and waste and cost reductions.
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution
Prevention—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
Ohio EPA will use PPIS grant funds to augment existing pollution prevention activities. State
EPA and Office of Pollution Prevention staff will receive training and the Agency will
implement the Green Lights program. In addition, the Agency will use survey work, literature
reviews, and other activities to identify the barriers and incentives for pollution prevention.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency—1995
(EPA Funding: $109,870)
Ohio EPA's Pollution Prevention Incentives for States' proposal for 1995 focuses on four areas:
1) training for the Office of Pollution Prevention (OPP), and to increase the integration of
pollution prevention into media-specific programs; 2) pollution prevention technical assistance;
3) financial incentives for pollution prevention; and 4) investigation of barriers to pollution
prevention for voluntary program participants. These four program areas will complement
existing pollution prevention activities and will be an integral part of the State of Ohio's overall
pollution prevention program.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources—1991 (EPA Funding: $300,000)
The grantee plans to conduct a demonstration project with three goals: (1) to ensure that P2
elements of policy and guidelines for Wisconsin's toxic air regulations and the CAA are
implemented, and that P2 is integrated into policy and guidelines for air, water, and hazardous
waste permits and compliance in a manner that avoids cross media shift of pollutants; (2) to
demonstrate how cross media, coordinated inspections and permit writing at selected industries
can integrate P2 into permits and avoid cross media shifts of pollutants; and (3) to provide
technical transfer to DNR staff, to industry, to EPA and other agencies on what is learned in
the demonstration project.
University of Wisconsin-Madison—1993	(EPA Funding: $40,000)
Under this grant, the grantee plans to:
•	Determine if an agency and private sector cooperative project that promotes
voluntary on-site petroleum will enable farmers to effectively reduce the pollution
risks associated with petroleum storage.
® Determine what types of pollution prevention products and services for petroleum
storage and handling are applicable to farm petroleum storage systems.
® Develop a plan for providing these products and services at the local level.
o Develop a plan to increase the farm target audience use of these produce and
•	Pilot test this strategy in three local areas in Wisconsin.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
• Evaluate the effectiveness of pilot projects in reducing contamination risks
associated with farm petroleum storage and handling and determine the feasibility
of this initiative serving as a model for use in other states.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Division for Environmental
Quality—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The PPIS grant money will give southeast Wisconsin communities greater access to pollution
prevention implementation practices. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
is planning to provide on-site pollution prevention opportunity assessments and training in
pollution prevention opportunities, practices, and technologies. DNR will target businesses that
currently lack information on pollution prevention opportunities.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources—1995
(EPA Funding: $112,000)
The Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Office of Pollution Prevention and the Hazardous
Waste Minimization Program provide a variety of outreach assistance to business and industry
in Wisconsin. This proposal will support expanded outreach to small business and development
of a new voluntary incentives program that will be primarily targeted at large and medium sized
businesses. In addition, the Waste Water program within the DNR will develop a model toxic
reduction plan for mercury discharged into municipal wastewater treatment plants. The plan,
to be subsequently implemented by local communities, will detail work with industrial,
commercial, and academic facilities in order to reduce the amount of mercury released into
sanitary sewer systems and thereby reduce the release of mercury to treatment plant receiving
waters and land spread sludges.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology—1991
(EPA Funding: $229,944)
The "Arkansas Pollution Prevention Program" will: (1) provide technical assistance in source
reduction and recycling to small- and medium-sized businesses; (2) provide outreach through
seminars as well as a network quality film series addressing environmental concerns and
pollution prevention techniques and benefits for household wastes, agricultural wastes, and
wastes from 18 targeted industries; and (3) develop an information clearinghouse.
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality—1989
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
This program consists of defining state's problems through research; targeting of industries; and
establishing performance measures. In the long term, the focus will be on heavy polluters, and
the development of regulatory incentives.
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality—1993
(EPA Funding: $20,00(f)
Under this grant Louisiana DEQ plans to:
•	Integrate P2 assessments into the routine field inspections conducted under other
regulatory programs. With this the inspection staff can provide a valuable
mechanism to introduce and spread the P2 concept within the generator
community by identifying potential cost saving opportunities which reduce waste.
•	Add site- or manufacturing-specific information to EPA's existing published
informative guidance documents, which provide the basis for the training
program. The expected result will be enhanced effectiveness of the P2
assessment. Project activities will include P2 assessments as part of routine
facility inspections.
•	Develop protocols and methodologies previously published in other guidance
documents. Results obtained from site specific inspections will be generalized in
order to improve the assessment protocols for similar industries.
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Louisiana State Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ)—1994
(EPA Funding: $77,000)
LDEQ's ultimate goal is to ensure that no community or segment of the public is
disproportionately impacted by the generation of waste or pollutant discharges into the
environment. Environmental justice has become an important issue in Louisiana since many
communities are adjacent to existing and proposed industrial waste generators. Through this
grant, LDEQ will create an integrated database containing all waste generation and discharge
rates. The database can be built on existing information contained in permits and waste
generation reports. Identifying communities adjacent to relatively high waste generation and
discharge and comparing ratios over increasing larger land areas, the database would quantify
"disproportional impact." Equipped with information provided by the database, LDEQ could
identify Pollution Prevention opportunities within a specified geographical area and investigate
the possibility of incorporating P2 incentives into the resolution of Environmental Justice Issues.
Louisiana State Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ)—1994
(EPA Funding: $80,075)
This grant is the second phase in the Louisiana Technical Assistance Program (LaTAP). Phase
I of the program, begun in 1993, created the LaTAP resource center, which is a non-regulatory,
multimedia, information resource center providing technical, scientific, and waste management
support to small- and medium-sized businesses and industries throughout the State. The primary
function of the Center is to assist in developing economically sound pollution prevention and
water minimization approaches for mitigating environmental problems and concerns. As a
continuation of Phase I, Phase II is an effort to provide no-fee engineering and technical
consultation and assistance for the elimination and reduction of toxic chemical emissions and
hazardous waste production. To accomplish this goal, LaTAP will conduct workshops across
the state to promote LaTAP; train a core group of engineers and technical personnel to assist
businesses with P2 and waste management; distribute a quarterly newsletter; conduct twenty no-
fee, on-site waste reduction assessments; and prepare monthly and annual progress reports.
Phase II also includes the development of a long range plan for the continued operation of the
LaTAP center and the LDEQ Technical Assistance Program.
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $65,000)
Grant funds will be used to continue and expand the Louisiana Environmental Leadership
Pollution Prevention program (P2 Leadership Program) begun in 1993. During Phase II to be
funded by this grant, the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality will: 1) continue to
expand statewide the P2 Incentive for Industry Program to include more small industries; 2)
initiate an activity within the Agency to train LDEQ personnel to incorporate pollution
prevention principles into LDEQ's media offices; and 3) expand the current program with the
U.S. Air Force to include other Federal agencies to promote pollution prevention at other
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Federal facilities within the state. Phase II will also take the P2 Leadership Program forward
another step by establishing an alliance of private and public sector organizations aimed at
developing and promoting voluntary waste reduction practices in Louisiana.
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $60,000)
The mission of this project is to reduce volume and toxicity of industrial wastewaters discharged
to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) by significant industrial users. To carry out this
mission, the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality will offer demonstration workshops
for city officials, businesses, and POTW staff in the area of pollution prevention. To develop
case studies for the 12 or more workshops, technical assessments are planned for 24 different
types of businesses through contract with the Louisiana Technical Assistance Program (LaTAP).
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $33,000)
The mission of this project is to reduce solid waste generation and promote recycling, and the
use of recyclable materials by Louisiana's businesses. The strategy is to achieve this through
Louisiana's Green Challenge and EPA's WasteWi$e voluntary programs for helping businesses
reduce, reuse, and recycle through attaining pledges for establishing recycling programs,
tracking progress, and recognition awards for exemplary projects. The goals and objectives of
this program include the following: 1) development and implementation of a pilot program; 2)
production of a promotional video; 3) coordination of program with local "Corporate Recycling
Council"; 4) providing opportunities for LaTAP to conduct multi-media on-site assessments for
waste reduction and recycling; 5) extending the basic program concept statewide; 6) conducting
New Mexico
All Indian Pueblo Council—1992	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The All Indian Pueblo council (AIPC), made up of nineteen Pueblos of New Mexico in a
collaborative effort with the Pueblo Office of Environmental Protection (POEP) intends to create
a pollution prevention/waste minimization program. The program will provide technical
assistance on source reduction to businesses operating on Pueblo lands through: (1) development
of institutional structures within the 19 Pueblo's governmental entities to ensure that pollution
prevention is incorporated into decision-making and planning; (2) development of a multi-media
effort that works in close coordination with State and Federal programs; (3) development of an
outreach program targeted at industry, Tribal Offices, Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Indian
Health Service, and consumers, emphasizing the benefits of pollution prevention;
(4) development of a technical clearinghouse to provide educational and technical information,
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
including the support of research, development and information; and (5) collection,
dissemination, and analysis of data to evaluate progress in pollution prevention.
All Indian Pueblo Council—1993	(EPA Funding: $65,000)
Activities under this grant involve creating a Pollution Prevention Resource Guide for the
nineteen Pueblos. This guide will benefit other Indian Tribes within the Region. The guide will
cover the following major aspects of a Pollution Prevention program:
® Development of institutional structures within the nineteen Pueblos' governmental
entities to ensure that pollution prevention is incorporated into decision making
and planning, and the creation of incentives and the elimination of barriers to
pollution prevention.
® Development of a multi-media pollution prevention effort for the nineteen Pueblos
that works in close coordination with State and Federal programs.
® Development of an outreach program that is targeted at industry, Tribal offices,
the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Indian Health Service, and consumers, and
which emphasizes the benefits of pollution prevention.
® Development of a technical clearinghouse to provide educational and technical
information, including the support of research, development, and demonstration
•	Collection, dissemination, and analysis of data to evaluate progress in pollution
New Mexico Environment Department—1993	(EPA Funding: $58,002)
Activities under this grant will result in volume and toxicity reduction at the source—small/light
industry and business through waste stream audits. The audits will attempt to:
•	Identify process alternatives or operating changes resulting in toxicity and volume
reduction at the point of generation.
® Identify options or alternatives to disposal, and identify the resulting benefits to
the environment, business and industry.
® Identify environmental risk reduction options.
® Identify the economic potential achieved through the establishment of reusable
_ material exchange networking system.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
•	Produce "self-help" educational information applicable to each specific business
or industry for waste and toxicity reduction measures utilization.
•	Explore the multi-media approach to program delivery determining viability and
effectiveness and identify problems and. possible remedies.
•	Produce a database containing waste characterizatiqn information on all facilities
•	Develop and identify mechanisms business and industry may use. to further reduce
the potential threat their wastes poses to the environment and resulting economic
New Mexico _Economic Development Department, Technology Enterprise
Division—1994	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
This pollution prevention program is a comprehensive plan to integrate environmental
management with manufacturing assistance. The program is designed to identify opportunities
for small manufacturers to implement advanced pollution prevention technologies. This
cooperative program will leverage the many resources under the NM Industry Network
Cooperation (NM-INC) and the NM Environmental Alliance. The Department will use PPIS
grant funding to identify a target population of small: and medium-sized manufacturers and
facilitate their access to existing processes and innovative pollution prevention replacement
technology. In addition, the Department plans to develop and coordinate access to databases of
pollution prevention needs, solutions and resources; and to develop information and training
delivery mechanisms for implementing pollution prevention compliance strategies. The
Department also will incorporate pollution prevention strategies into the NM Environmental
Department media programs and develop a long-range plan for an integrated, self-sustaining
program of manufacturing extension and pollution prevention that includes development of
innovative commercial technology.
Oklahoma State Department of Health, Waste Management Service—1990
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
One FTE will be dedicated to administering this grant and will serve as the resident expert on
pollution prevention. Activities will include: coordination of all OSDH prevention activities;
education on advantages of source reduction and recycling to public and industry; procurement
of expertise from OSU Engineering Extension Program to provide direct technical assistance;
review and assessment of technical assistance programs and economic incentives in other states
and potential applicability in Oklahoma; utilization of information from Governor's study and
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State Chamber of Commerce for targeting activities; target small- and medium-sized businesses
falling outside of current regulation; and developing contact lists.
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality—1993
(EPA Funding: $110,000)
Under this grant, Oklahoma DEQ plans to:
© Coordinate State Pollution Prevention activities.
® Establish a program to provide multi-media technical assistance to small and
medium sized businesses. Technical assistance will consist of both waste
reduction audits and regulatory advice. This integrated approach will serve to
help those firms currently outside State and Federal regulatory programs to attain
regulatory compliance without fear of reprisal.
® Expand existing clearinghouse capabilities. Data collected through the post audit
surveys in the original PPTAP indicates a public desire for this information.
® Continue to cement alliances made with industry affiliated organizations, such as
the South Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce and use this alliance as an
avenue for dissemination of information on pollution prevention.
® Develop and publish Oklahoma-specific fact sheets on issues of primary
importance to industry.
® Promote multi-state education, transfer information and ideas, and network
Oklahoma will offer to host a meeting of the Region 6 P2 Roundtable in
Oklahoma City or Tulsa.
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $59,000)
This project plans to initiate development of an integrated database containing all waste and
discharge rates. An integrated database will provide valuable guidance for pollution prevention
activities and allow for quantitative comparison of information received. Community education
programs can then be targeted to explain the reported information. The database will also define
potential exposure to pollutants and prioritize impacts/threats to the environment. This
information could be integrated with geographic information to compare pollutant discharges to
specific land areas or, communities. This comparison will allow for ranking and prioritizing of
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Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $70,000)
The goal of this project is to develop a long-range, state-wide pollution prevention strategy that
coordinates resources and activities across agencies and media so that the end result is greater
than the simple sum of individual parts. Specific objectives of the project include: 1) describing
the current status of pollution prevention activities by state agencies in Oklahoma; 2) identifying
lessons learned in other states concerning interagency strategic planning and coordination for
pollution prevention; 3) assessing potential barriers and opportunities for coordination and
integration in Oklahoma; 4) developing recommendations for interagency planning and activities;
and 5) institutionalizing the interagency process through an ongoing mechanism.
Texas Water Commission/Hazardous and Solid Waste Division—1989
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The grantee will develop and implement a Waste Minimization and Recycling Program. Texas
Water Commission staff will provide consultative, evaluative, training, and developmental
assistance. This will include needs assessments, training for state personnel, the provision of
educational materials and technical assistance to the regulated community, the expansion of
working relationships with the business community, identifying institutional and economic
barriers, and serving as an internal consultant on waste minimization projects.
Lower Colorado River Authority—1993	(EPA Funding: $89,600)
Under this grant, LCRA will conducting pollution prevention audits of its facilities to identify
and quantify pollutants generated and to identify the generating processes and operations. The
pollutants to be targeted for reduction would be prioritized according to potential environmental
impacts, toxicity, regulatory factors, voluntary programs and quantities. In addition, current
LCRA prevention practices including energy conservation, solvent reduction, and coal
combustion byproducts reuse programs being identified and evaluated for success.
Texas Water Commission—1993	(EPA Funding: $107,378)
Under this grant, the Texas Water Commission plans to:
• Reduce the generation of hazardous waste and/or toxic releases in Texas by 50%
by the year 2000. The Office of PP and Recycling has established a strategy to
work with industry, Local governments, and citizens to reduce pollution in the
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
® Develop of a Pollution Prevention Program along the US/Mexico Border to assist
businesses with P2 planning and reporting as required by the Texas Waste
Reduction Policy Act of 1991 and TRI Program.
• The local government disseminating workplace recycling information to
governmental agencies, community and industry groups, and individual
o Develop P2 materials which can be used by other states or local programs. TWC
will share experience with other programs, through national and regional P2
roundtables, conference, training and on-site technical assistance programs.
Austin Environmental and Conservation Services Department—1994
(EPA Funding: $70,000)
The City of Austin proposes to establish a Waste Reduction Assistance Center, which will act
as a locally-focused complement to the Texas Water Commissions OPPC programs, providing
technical assistance to area businesses with the goal of reducing both the quantity and toxicity
of wastes generated. The Center will develop and maintain a Business Information
Clearinghouse, Waste Exchange, and an On-Site Assessment Service to identify the potential for
waste reduction will provide information to local businesses regarding waste reduction practices,
resources, and applicable regulations. The Waste Exchange will provide an updated list of the
types and quantities of waste materials generated by local businesses. The On-Site Waste
Reduction and Environmental Audits willbe provided to small businesses free of charge.
Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCQ—1994
(EPA Funding: $92,925)
The objectives for this grant are to implement pollution prevention programs, improve intra-
agency information and materials transfer, 'analyze administrative procedures, and communicate
the results of the grant. To achieve these goals, the TNRCC plans to hold a CEO meeting of
participating agencies; perform six site assessments; hold a half-day workshop; distribute
materials to agencies; make written recommendations for waste exchange; analyze procurement
policies and make recommendations; and finally, hold a conference for participating agencies.
Texas University at Austin, LBJ School of Public Affairs—1994
(EPA Funding: $63,488)
The purpose of "Outreach and Training for Pollution Prevention Project" is to promote multi-
media P2 among industry, regulatory, and local government professionals involved in
environmental decision-making. The project strategy is based on the premise that the most cost-
effective method of preventing environmental pollution is to teach professionals who make
environmental decision that P2 is in their self-interest. The goal of this project is to develop the
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curricula for three P2 courses designed for environmental managers from both the public and
private sectors. The training will be carried out in a series of three three-day long seminars to
cover: inter-media pollution prevention in confined ecological regions; environmental auditing;
and ecological risk reductions.
Lower Colorado River Authority—1995
(EPA Funding: $84,087)
The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) is committed to being an environmentally
responsible company through stewardship of energy, land, air and water resources. As part of
that commitment, LCRA has become one of the first electric utilities in the nation to sign a
pledge with the US Department of Energy to reduce green house gas emissions.. LCRA is
proposing to develop a comprehensive electro-technology review program for its service area
and to share with other utilities throughout the nation. The major tasks of this project include:
1) determine and screen technologies to be evaluated; 2) study the technical feasibility studies
of top candidates; 3) design, install and operate pilot projects; 4) analyze and report pilot test
project results; 5) develop follow-up programs, evaluate and measure success.
Railroad Commission of Texas—1995	(EPA Funding: $58,908)
The Commission will continue and expand its program to encourage pollution prevention in the
oil field. This program will complement the Commission's existing and planned regulatory
programs for preventing pollution from releases of oil and gas wastes. The program will:
1) deliver, in each of the two years, eight workshops for oil and gas exploration and production
operations; 2) update and distribute the manual, "Waste Minimization in the Oil Field", to oil
and gas E&P operators; 3) publish and distribute the program newsletter; 4) deliver pollution
prevention information through the clearinghouse; 5) provide on-site assistance to oil and gas
E&P operators; 6) train Commission staff; 7) deliver, in each of the two years, seven one-day
workshops developed for specific areas of oil and gas exploration and production operations; and
8) install its technology transfer database on the Commission's electronic bulletin board.
Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission—1995
(EPA Funding: $90,005)
The projects in this proposal are designed to: 1) build on existing TNRCC programs, 2) transfer
pollution prevention technology and information within regionalized industrial sectors and large
to small businesses, and 3) educate the general public. To address the need for additional and
structured emphasis on pollution prevention and technology transfer, the TNRCC proposes to
use its Permanent Pollution Prevention Program (P4) as the foundation for developing
mentorship programs. These programs will be developed between industry members and small
business members, and vertically integrated between their suppliers and customers. The P4
program will also be used to further the pooling of knowledge and sharing of common issues.
It will provide training in management strategies and solutions between facilities, with additional
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pollution prevention measurements and community outreach components aimed at improving
small business response to pollution prevention.
University of Texas at Austin—1995	(EPA Funding: $50,000)
This project will establish a Pollution Prevention Evaluation Team (PPET) which will evaluate
pollution prevention management within four major pollution prevention programs initiated by
Texas state, local and regional agencies. The PPET, to be composed of graduate students whose
focus in graduate school is environmental policy or engineering, will work under the supervision
of two professional staff members (a Project Coordinator and the Principal Investigator) and an
external Supervisory Committee (SC). This PPET project will: 1) develop methods for
evaluating the quantity, quality, cost, sustainability, and stability of pollution prevention program
benefits; 2) provide an in-depth assessment of the four pollution prevention programs; 3) train
fifteen graduate students in pollution prevention techniques and methods for evaluating
environmental decision-making; and 4) make recommendations regarding barriers and drivers
to pollution prevention opportunities in the public sector.
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Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Waste Management Authority—1990
{EPA Funding: $300,000)
Key elements of this project include Governor's Award program, curriculum development, case
studies, workshops, procurement directives, retired engineer program, clearinghouse,
institutionalization activities, special air toxics program, and incentive grants to business.
Iowa Waste Reduction Center—1990	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
Funds will be used to add staff with experience in air emissions and/or wastewater, expand the
existing information base, provide technical assistance through on-site reviews, presentations,
and workshops, develop case studies, and prepare waste reduction reports.
Iowa Waste Reduction Center, University of Northern Iowa—1993
(EPA Funding: $24,378)
This project will involve:
•	Identifying small community wastewater treatment plants that are deleteriously
impacting their receiving streams because of inadequate treatment of industrial
influents. The Toxicity Reduction Initiative for Pollution Prevention (TRIPP)
identifies a need for targeted assistance to industries in small communities.
•	Development of a project strategy that will involve a Selection of Communities
that have evidence of instream or effluent toxicity problems; have a good mix of
industrial types; are interested in pollution prevention; and are willing to
•	Conducting Community and Industry Education about TRIPP. The Institute for
Decision-Making (IDM) will be responsible for enlisting involvement and support
. of the community and business leaders.
•	Evaluating Test Data and determining the need for targeted efforts within
communities. If a need is recognized, on-site reviews will begin in appropriate
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Iowa Department of Natural Resources—1993	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
Under this grant, Iowa DNR plans to:
® Provide the means for the Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP) to: 1)
enhance the integration of pollution prevention into a broader spectrum of
delivery mechanism, 2) improve the integration of pollution prevention into
regulatory enforcement programs in Iowa, 3) provide more pollution prevention
training for the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) personnel and
Iowa companies, and 4) foster more widespread industry participation in pollution
prevention programs sponsored by state agencies and EPA.
• Enable Iowa businesses and institutions to not only meet but exceed
environmental regulatory expectation in a proactive manner. This will improve
Iowa's environment in the areas of ground water protection, hazardous waste
minimization, toxic pollution reduction and the conservation of energy and
® Support the ongoing interest of INDR in training its regulatory staff, including
management, to promote the integration of P2 concepts and initiatives into
environmental regulatory programs. Outreach to companies and institutions to
get commitment to WRAP and P2 is an ongoing challenge. With improved
training, WRAP team members and IDNR regulatory staff will improve the
ability of IDNR to reach companies in need of assistance and training. Outreach
can be achieved through non-regulatory contacts by WRAP and regulatory
inspections by the INDR enforcement personnel.
University of Northern Iowa, Iowa Waste Reduction Center—1994
(EPA Funding: $90,000)
Due to the current lack of pollution prevention information in community college vocational
programs, the Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) plans to develop a set of curriculum
modules to be integrated into vehicle maintenance courses at the community college level.
Providing students with information on pollution prevention concepts will encourage them to
operate vehicle maintenance shops in an environmentally responsible manner once they graduate.
IWRC will solicit input on its curriculum from community colleges within Iowa, throughout
Region 7, and across the country. IWRC also hopes that once the curriculum is developed and
thoroughly tested, it will be applicable on a national level.
Iowa Department of Natural Resources—1995	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
This grant provides funding for the Iowa Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP) to
continue and improve its function as a nonregulatory pollution prevention technical assistance
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program. Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR), which administers WRAP, plans to
advance the integration of pollution prevention into regulatory enforcement programs in Iowa,
and offer better follow-up support for clients by providing more pollution prevention training
for WRAP personnel and allowing for more interaction with and support of other pollution
prevention service providers. In addition, DNR will enhance technology and information
transfer by facilitating cost-effective utilization of pollution prevention information from
opportunity assessments previously performed by WRAP, and augment WRAP'S staffing to
support more follow-up with clients and interaction with other service providers.
Iowa Waste Reduction Center, University of Northern Iowa—1995
(EPA Funding: $28,000)
The Iowa Waste Reduction Center's Toxicity Reduction Initiative for Pollution Prevention
(TRIPP) project attempts to identify and reduce toxic industrial discharges to small, inadequate
wastewater treatment systems. This PPIS grant will allow TRIPP to identify small communities
(of 3,000 to 5,000) in Iowa with the potential for significant toxicity problems in their local
aquatic resources due to simple wastewater treatment plants and no pretreatment programs for
industrial wastes. Communities will be selected based on the results of annual toxicity tests and
bioassessment studies conducted downstream from each community's outfall. These
communities will be targeted for toxicity testing and pollution prevention technical assistance in
later phases of the project.
Kansas Department of Health and Environment—1991
{EPA Funding: $300,000)
This grant will enable KDHE to institutionalize multimedia pollution prevention by establishing
a permanent agency-wide P2 office; providing on-site technical assistance, targeting the
Sedgwick Co. 33/50 toxics project, the ag chemical sector, and the petroleum sector; conducting
technical workshops and conferences; and disseminating the results of project activities.
Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Division of Plant Health—1994
(EPA Funding: $15,000)
The Kansas State Board of Agriculture (KSBA) is planning to control the spread of a weed called
purple loosestrife. The weed is spreading throughout several counties in Kansas. When left
unchecked, the weed restricts waterways and displaces native species around the shorelines of
lakes, streams and irrigation canals. To control purple loosestrife, KSBA plans to release
beneficial parasites and predators as an alternative to pesticides. Prior to releasing the insects,
KSBA will survey the infested counties for suitable release sites for the insects; order the insects;
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and inspect the release sites to confirm criteria for release of insects. After the release, KSBA
will monitor the release sites to ensure that the insects are established.
Kansas State University, Kansas Industrial Extension Service—1994
{EPA Funding: $30,800)
Many small businesses are reluctant to make process changes for pollution prevention purposes
when they do not know the total costs and benefits of the project. The goal of this PPIS project
is to develop a computer program and operator's manual that will allow businesses to assess
environmental costs and benefits of pollution prevention alternatives. After the database and
manual are completed, the Industrial Extension Service will develop a training session to share
its developments with industry and EPA representatives.
Kansas Department of Health and Environment—1995
(EPA Funding: S372,000)
Kansas Department of Health and Environment's (KDHE) goal is to expand and build upon
existing state and local programs in order to form a comprehensive, multimedia pollution
prevention program and support network that focuses on areas for significant risk reduction.
Under this grant, a permanent Office of Pollution Prevention will be maintained within the
management function of KDHE, a statewide pollution prevention conference will be conducted,
and a recognition and awards program will be maintained. In addition, the grantee will support
pollution prevention technical assistance and training programs in Kansas, and promote U.S.
EPA voluntary programs such as 33/50 and WasteWi$e. KDHE also plans to establish programs
to incorporate local government and industry environmental coordinators in a pollution
prevention training network through the University of Kansas, and will develop curricula for
integration into academic programs.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Waste Management Program—
1990	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
Focus on point source agricultural pollutants: will quantify risk reduction; conduct
demonstration projects at bulk fertilizer and pesticide dealerships; establish a clearinghouse on
agricultural pollution prevention; transfer BAT standards to target group through workshops and
educational materials; coordinate activities among existing organizations; and develop a plan and
funding mechanisms for institutionalization.
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University of Missouri—1993	(EPA Funding: $24,689)
This project involves developing a course titled "Pollution Prevention Technologies and
Applications" that will make information relating to pollution prevention technology and
applications available to generators and others who are addressing the problem. The course will
include policy, regulations updates, economic factors, problem solving mechanisms and materials
on available resources, and will address the reduction of pollutants across all environmental
media. The goal is to acquire leadership, managerial and technical skills to successfully
implement a cost-effective pollution prevention program in any size organization.
Curators of the University of Missouri, University of Missouri - Rolla—1994
(EPA Funding: $27,837)
The PPIS grant will provide funds for developing an assessment tool for the wood products
industry1 or local government personnel to determine cost-effective pollution prevention
techniques. Once the assessment tool is developed, it will be used on a trial basis, evaluated and
refmed. Finally, a workshop will be held to present the assessment tool to state and local
regulatory personnel and industry owners. The University of Missouri targeted the wood
products industry because it is the major source of solid waste and non-point source stream
pollution in southern Missouri.
Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department—1994
(EPA Funding: $28,490)
The Missouri Department of Natural Resources plans to focus less on pollution control and
treatment technologies, and more on pollution prevention. The Department has developed a
multi-media Technical Assistance Program (TAP), which it will use to enhance pollution
prevention efforts in the state. Under this PPIS grant, the program will use TRI and other data
to facilitate pollution prevention efforts and plans to assist businesses and others in preventing
pollution by providing technical assistance, training, and education. PPIS grant funds will also
be used to encourage pollution prevention throughout the Department by training staff and
implementing an internal pollution prevention program.
St. Louis Regional Commerce & Growth Association, Energy and the
Environment—1994	(EPA Funding: $20,000)
The St. Louis Regional Commerce and Growth Association is developing a program to provide
small businesses with regulatory compliance education and technical expertise to address
pollution problems. Approximately 3,500 small- and medium-sized manufacturers exist in the
St. Louis metropolitan area. They often lack the resources and expertise to effectively address
environmental problems. The Association will use PPIS grant monies to develop a pollution
prevention database and to implement two pollution prevention workshops. In addition, the
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Association plans to develop a liaison program with the small business environmental assistance
programs in Illinois and Missouri, and to establish a small business environmental network.
Midwest Research Institute—1995	(EPA Funding: $30,000)
The Midwest Research Institute, a Missouri-based nonprofit research organization, plans to
develop a "Regional Trends: Pollution Prevention and Sustainable Economic Development"
presentation set that can be used by community leaders and economic development specialists
to educate local residents and business concerns about the potential that pollution prevention
strategies have to generate income and business opportunities for the community. The
presentation will consist of a set of slides addressing sustainable economic development strategies
and will be specifically targeted toward communities in EPA Region 7. Economic development
professionals and community volunteers will be able to use the set to present to audiences in a
holistic way the relationships between pollution prevention and sustainable economic
development. The set can also be used as a model for other regions and will be suitable for use
within high school or college level courses.
University of Missouri Household Hazardous Waste Program—1995
(EPA Funding: $20,000)
University of Missouri's Household Hazardous Waste Program (HHWP) plans to use PPIS funds
to establish a pilot waste reduction assistance program, in southwest Missouri. The grant will
enable HHWP to purchase equipment, reference materials, and educational resources, and
support a part-time staff position to coordinate, report, and evaluate the program for expansion
and as a model for other regions. HHWP will also coordinate three workshops during the grant
period. One workshop will provide training in pollution prevention measures, including how
to conduct waste audits of area businesses. Workshops will also be provided to two major
industrial segments in the region: health care providers and automotive services.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Center for Infrastructure Research—1990
{EPA Funding: $375,030)
The grantee will assess waste streams and releases associated with specific commercial
establishments in rural areas, develop multimedia pollution prevention methods, develop
measures of progress, enhance current activities, and develop a pollution prevention office.
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Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality—1993
(EPA Funding: $300,000)
Activities under this grant involve the development of an innovative, multifaceted pollution
prevention outreach program that stimulates the transfer of multi-media based pollution
prevention technology to a target audience that consists primarily of business and industry. The
technology transfer program will be based on an educational foundation that takes advantage of
knowledge related to:
•	Diffusion of technology into society.
•	Packaging of educational programs to maximize information transfer and
retention. These will be useful as a model for similar efforts in EPA tools that
facilitate the adoption of a pollution prevention ethic, attitude, and program with
certain business and industry sectors. The programs will be planned and
developed so that they can be used for training by educators at the State and local
level, regulatory and other governmental agencies, private enterprise through
environmental consultants, and business and industry through self-assessment
•	Use of innovative audio-visual tools to facilitate the learning process through
internalization of the information.
•	Appropriate techniques and methods in technology transfer that result in changes
in behavior and adoption of the P2 ethic.
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ)—1994
(EPA Funding: $35,100)
The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) believes that the system for
communicating pollution prevention regulatory, educational, and technical information to
businesses and community members is inadequate. A specific concern is that business owners
and community leaders are often reluctant to deal directly with NDEQ or EPA fearing regulatory
citations and penalties. To address these issues, NDEQ is proposing a three-phase project; only
the first phase will be completed during the current grant period. Phase 1 will involve
development of a pilot network to help businesses and communities gain access to and understate
state and federal regulations and information on options for pollution prevention. Once the
network is completed, NDEQ will develop an outreach program and outreach materials to inform
businesses and community members of the new service. Phase 2 of this project will involve the
development of a training course for small- and medium-sized businesses and communities, and
Phase 3 will involve development of a technical assistance program.
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University of Nebraska Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of
Nebraska - Lincoln, Civil Engineering—1994	(EPA Funding: $33,000)
Several agricultural contaminants have been identified as the most pervasive sources of nonpoint
source pollution. They are responsible for contaminating surface and ground water and are
causing particular concern among agricultural producers over the safety of farmstead drinking
water supplies. The PPIS grant will be used to increase the awareness of producers and later
their farm management decisions as they relate to nonpoint source pollution. The grant will
allow the University of Nebraska to update and enhance the existing educational program called
the Farmstead Assessment System (FAS). The University of Nebraska will coordinate with
other states that already use FAS and will modify existing FAS worksheets and guidance to fit
Nebraska's needs. Additional FAS worksheets and guidance documents will also be developed
during the grant period.
University of Nebraska Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of
Nebraska - Lincoln, Civil Engineering—1994	(EPA Funding: $62,600)
The PPIS grant will be used to develop coursework based on multi-media pollution prevention,
which will be integrated into the existing coursework in the College of Engineering and
Technology at the University of Nebraska. The rationale for this project is that existing
environmental engineering courses focus on pollution control and do not emphasize pollution
prevention. In order to shift the nation's focus from end-of-pipe treatments to preventative
measures, engineers must be trained in pollution prevention technology. Specific tasks for this
project include developing a course outline and strategy, writing a textbook, preparing
homework problems and solutions, and putting together a compendium of case studies.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln—1995	(EPA Funding: $20,000)
The goal of this project is to transfer pollution prevention technology to farm operators,
householders, and acreage owners. The specific objectives are to 1) help rural farm and
household operators and acreage owners understand the nature of their waste stream; 2) suggest
alternatives and possible consequences of existing pollution prevention techniques; 3) assist
operators and acreage owners in making decisions about source reduction and the alternatives;
and 4) build pollution prevention responsibility and commitment to long term change in
practices. The grantee will complete resource materials for the targeted groups and provide
them with an educational program through the existing education systems and other agencies,
case study demonstration farm assessments, video tapes for participant involvement, "train the
trainer" materials, and a satellite training for educators and other professionals to use the
materials in their local areas.
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Colorado Department	of Health, Office of Health and Environmental
Protection—1990	(EPA Funding: $299,460)
This project will supplement the grantee's traditional regulatory role by: coordinating projects
and initiatives; reviewing regulations; developing legislative initiatives; conducting seminars and
workshops; conducting waste minimization audits; gathering data on state industries; developing
funding mechanisms for future projects; identifying relational sensitivity between urban
development patterns and resulting environmental implications; identify policy vehicles for
deriving benefits from alternative land use patterns, focusing on development surrounding the
new Denver airport; preparing educational materials on household hazardous waste; developing
training films for urban runoff pollution; providing support in the development of curbside
recycling programs; working with colleges and universities to include pollution prevention in
environmental curriculum; conducting seminars for business leaders on transportation policies;
and conducting seminars for school administrators on hazardous materials management plans.
Colorado Department of Health—1992	{EPA Funding: $172,985)
Activities under this grant will involve a coordinated multi-media effort of all environmental
regulatory divisions within the Department of Health (Air, Waste, Radiation, Hazardous and
Solid Waste, Consumer Protection) and other state agencies such as the Department of Natural
Resources, the Office of Energy Conservation, and the Department of Agriculture, local/county
health departments, and local/county governments. In addition, the Colorado Department of
Health plans to conduct activities to achieve overall reductions in emissions and waste in target
industries and activities, leading to risk reduction for the state population and environment. One
such activity is to coordinate and support the EPA's 33/50 Voluntary Reduction Program.
Department of Health—1993	(EPA Funding: $125,000)
build and enhance Colorado's existing pollution prevention program, Colorado
of Health plans to:
Enhance the multi-media technical assistance program through additional
assistance to target businesses; on site assessments; focused outreach literature;
and development of tools to evaluate success of Technical Assistance efforts using
highest risk as the criterion for targeting and focusing efforts.
Enhance the statewide network of pollution prevention contacts within business,
trade associations, non-profit organizations, local and county governments, and
tribal governments.
In order to
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® Continue to institutionalize pollution prevention into the daily business of the
Colorado Department of Health.
® Continue to develop a regulatory integration program that addresses regulatory
and non-regulatory barriers to pollution prevention within the Colorado
Department of Health and to expand to other agencies that have environmental-
regulatory responsibilities.
® Provide funds to tribal governments to begin or enhance pollution prevention
® Expand the state program to coordinate with natural resource and rural/pristine
area pollution prevention program efforts especially in energy and water
• Establish cooperative arrangements among adjacent states to foster cooperation
and to share pollution prevention successes and learning experiences.
Colorado Department of Health (CDH)—1994	(EPA Funding: $104,000)
The goal of the Colorado Pollution Prevention Program is to instill the ethic of pollution
prevention into the Colorado citizens with a societal goal of eventual elimination of emissions
and significant reductions of waste. The program promotes pollution prevention as the operating
management tool of first choice of state and local governmental entities as well as businesses.,
The program seeks to integrate P2 philosophies into the regulatory and non-regulatory activities
of state and local government, and to provide technical assistance and consumer information on
pollution prevention to businesses, government and individuals for integration into their own
actions. CDH also wishes to achieve measurable reductions in emissions and waste in target
industries. In addition, the program hopes to build an infrastructure for P2 to ensure long term
state support for P2 and to lay the foundation for future activity by identifying emerging issues
in P2 and integrating them into P2 strategy.
Colorado Department of Health—1995
(EPA Funding: $91,900)
The mission of the Colorado Pollution Prevention Program is to instill the ethic of pollution
prevention into Colorado citizens with a societal goal of eventual elimination of emissions and
significant reductions of waste. The program promotes pollution prevention as the operating
management tool of first choice of state and local governmental entities as well as businesses.
The strategy of this program consists of the following goals: 1) integrate P2 philosophies into
the activities, both regulatory and non-regulatory, of state and local government; 2) provide
technical assistance and consumer information on pollution prevention; 3) continue outreach and
expansion of P2 throughout Colorado; 4) achieve measurable reductions in pollution; 5) build
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an "infrastructure" for P2 to ensure long term state support for P2; 6) identify emerging issues
in P2; and 7) establish regional cooperation. Some of the tasks that will be used to achieve these
goals include implementing training programs for media staff, producing pollution prevention
information packets for targeted sectors, managing the Governor's Challenge Program (program
in which Colorado's largest hazardous waste generators and top TRI reporters are invited by the
Governor to report use data on select chemicals and to voluntarily commit to pollution
prevention goals), hosting a pollution prevention forum, and attending national roundtable
Montana State University—1992	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
This grant will create a Montana Pollution Prevention Task Force consisting of representatives
of the MSU Extension Service, Montana Departments of Health and Environmental Sciences,
Natural Resources and Conservation and representatives of the small business agricultural and
environmental communities. The Task Force will provide a multi-level pollution prevention
educational system for Montana small businesses and agricultural operations; develop a process,
structure and funding strategy for long-term implementation of a broader pollution prevention
program for Montana; and document and evaluate the progress and impact of the Montana
Pollution Prevention Program.
Montana State University—1993	(EPA Funding: $90,000)
Under this grant, Montana State University plans to:
•	Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by expanding current on-site small
business pollution prevention assessment capabilities.
•	Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by establishing a resource library and
database in conjunction with the existing Montana State University Extension
Service (MSUES) Solid Waste Institute of Montana (SWIM) program.
•	Test a new approach to pollution prevention by creating a pollution prevention
education demonstration project on the Montana Ft Belknap Reservation. The
educational module will be transferable to other reservations located within
Montana and EPA Region 8. Though already established links with reservations
in Montana, interagency cooperation between the Extension Service and
reservations will incorporate pollution prevention into reservation activities.
•	Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by creating a pollution prevention,
education project aimed at Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators
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(CESQGs) of hazardous waste, integrating efforts with the MSUES SWIM
Household Hazardous Waste Program.
• Establish pollution prevention into all levels of government—state, Extension,
tribal and local.
Montana State University Extension Service (MSUES)—1994
{EPA Fundingr 104,000)
The goals of this proposal are first to enhance Montana's existing P2 Program by expanding
current small business P2 education capabilities through educational P2 modules for three
additional small business types: hotel/motel/resort, autobody, and printing/publishing. Second,
MSUES wants to maintain and expand its resource library and database capabilities.
Coordinating with the existing Water Quality Program, MSUES will provide P2 education to
agricultural operations. Finally, MSUES will enhance Montana's existing Native American P2
Program component by piloting, evaluating, and modifying a P2 education demonstration
Montana State University Extension Service—1995
(EPA Funding: $118,200)
The Montana State University Extension Service Pollution Prevention Program proposes the
following goals, tasks and deliverables for FY95: 1) expand current small business pollution
prevention education capabilities to serve the construction industry; 2) provide pollution
prevention assistance to Montana educational facilities; 3) establish a permanent statewide
Materials Exchange Program for small businesses, industrial generators, and agricultural
operators; 4) create a regional pollution prevention information network (P2NET); 5) maintain
and expand existing resource library and database capabilities; 6) continue pollution prevention
education to Montana agricultural operations; and 7) maintain the Native American program
component with Ft. Belknap Reservation and distribute the completed instructional module to
other reservations and tribes in Region VIII.
North Dakota
North Dakota Department of Health and Consolidated Laboratories—1995
(EPA Funding: $50,000)
Through this grant funding, the Department of Health and Consolidated Laboratories plans to
initiate the following activities: 1) development of a pollution prevention guidance document;
2) development of public information material for distribution to underground injection facilities
and other point source pollution sources; 3) incorporation of P2 information in Update
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Environment Newsletter and Wellhead Protection Newsletter; 4) continue improving the
wellhead protection program; 5) develop and implement pollution prevention and abatement in
the state's "Watershed Management Strategy"; 6) serve as a State P2 clearinghouse for EPA and
the Department; and 7) attend pollution prevention seminars and training.
South Dakota
South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources—1992
(EPA Funding: $123,109)
The goal of this project is to establish a statewide, multi-media pollution prevention program by
(1)	identifying, integrating and expanding existing pollution prevention and P2 related state
programs into a formal, coordinated, sustained statewide pollution prevention program;
(2)	introducing the State's urban population sector to the concept and benefits of integrating
pollution prevention activities into the management of their business, industrial and municipal
activities; and (3) providing the State's agricultural sector with a holistic farm/ranch resource
management strategy that minimizes environmental impact through the integration of sustainable
agricultural and conservation farming practices into existing operations.
South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources—1993
(EPA Funding: $112,500)
Under this grant South Dakota DENR plans to:
•	Develop the "Bootstraps" project entitled "Fanning and Ranching in the 90's."
This project attempts to address all activities of the farm and ranch operations
from crop, soil and stock management to chemical and financial handling. This
program is building on information/education-funded initiative for farm and ranch
•	Expand and enhance pollution prevention efforts in inventory and assessment
activities; and training, information and education activities. The goal is to
institutionalize the program within South Dakota state government; to establish
x a task force within state government to assess governmental operations and
identify opportunities for pollution prevention within state government; to develop
an effective information/education program that will be used to present the P2
philosophy to public and private concerns statewide; and to encourage the private
sector to adopt the ideas of P2 as a new way of life and better way to do
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South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR)—
1994	(EPA Funding: 101,996)
DENR has been the recipient of two previous PPIS grants. The first centered on developing a
sustainable State P2 program and introducing P2 to the public and private sectors of the State's
population. The second provided funds to continue P2 development, expand information and
education efforts, and continue the development and transfer of the Bootstraps program, a P2
strategy for agriculture. The goals of the current grant are to build upon the previous program
accomplishments by continuing the development and institutionalization of a statewide,
sustainable, multimedia P2 Program in South Dakota. To accomplish this goal, DENR plans
to complete the tasks carried forward from the workplans for 1992-3 PPIS grants; provide a P2
outreach to the agricultural community through continued support for the expansion and transfer
of the Bootstraps Program; provide youth with an understanding of applications of P2 in
everyday life in the home and community through a P2 training course for teachers; and expand
the P2 information and education effort to provide the greatest possibility of introducing P2 to
all sectors of the State's population through 30-second P2 television ads and the
HOME*A*SYST program.
South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources—1995
(EPA Funding: $91,904)
The goal of this project is to continue the development and institutionalization of a statewide,
sustainable, multimedia pollution prevention program in South Dakota. The goal will be attained
by tasks selected to reach the following three objectives: 1) continuing the development and
implementation of DENR's multimedia capabilities by developing a pollution prevention vision
statement and increasing the level of pollution prevention integration into media grant programs;
2) providing additional communities with the information and tools needed to implement
community and regional P2 programs by developing a pollution prevention course for teachers
and expanding the pollution prevention Rural Community Model; and 3) promoting the adoption
of P2 practices in the private sector through the outreach activities targeting agriculture and
small business.
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Utah Department of Environmental Quality—1991 (EPA Funding: $229,711)
This grant will establish a new P2 program in the newly created DEQ. The P2 program will
initiate activities designed to maximize private sector initiative, including: establishing an
Industrial Task Force; developing a Small Business Environmental Assistance Program;
providing environmental training; developing a Hazardous Waste Information Exchange;
establishing an inventory tracking system; and producing a network for sustainable agriculture
Utah Department of Environmental Quality—1993 (EPA Funding: $122,500)
The activities under this grant include:
•	Assisting the Department of Natural Resources in promoting "Green Lights."
•	Partnering with Questar Corporation to provide a pilot program in Utah schools
that promotes energy conservation.
•	Working with the Utah Mining Association and local public owned treatment
plants to promote beneficial use of municipal biosolids.
•	Partnering with Weber State University Automotive Department to develop
pollution prevention curriculum for automotive repair training schools.
•	Establishing a partnership with Native American tribes to promote pollution
•	Providing waste minimization training for Utah businesses.
•	Initiating a public education campaign with educational organizations, government
entities and mass media.
•	Working with the Department of Community and Economic Development to
encourage market development for recyclable within the state.
Utah Department of Environmental Quality—1994 (EPA Funding: $104,400)
There are five major program initiatives outlined in this grant. The first is a small business
assistance program which will sponsor both a conference targeting small businesses across the
nation and Canada and an air quality courtesy inspection program. The second initiative is an
environment and energy management program designed to empower consumers to change their
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energy use by linking environmental benefits to conservation activities. The third initiative is
a P2 training and education program producing a four-day series focused on specific industry
groups. The fourth initiative will produce a P2 teleconference hosted by the Sustainable
Agriculture project. The final initiative is to develop a curriculum to accompany a P2 video
produced with their previous PPIS grant.
Utah Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $93,985)
The overall goal with this grant is to go beyond just promoting pollution prevention, and to
begin to implement and realize more specific successes. To achieve this goal, the Utah pollution
prevention program will implement projects with the following objectives: 1) integration of
pollution prevention within all programs at DEQ; 2) integration of multi-media concepts within
DEQ procedures; 3) restructuring current pollution prevention services to better meet the needs
of both internal and external customers; 4) encouraging the continuation and autonomy of groups
initiated under the pollution prevention program; 5) supporting good pollution prevention
projects initiated by other organizations; and 6) providing measurable accounts of pollution
prevention in Utah. The projects will provide a forum for cooperative work between the DEQ,
other governmental entities, and the regulated community to inspire efficient, long term
environmental protection.
State of Wyoming—1992	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
A statewide pollution prevention program will be established to instill a pollution prevention
"ethic" in businesses, industry, and governmental agencies of the State. The program will
address the reduction of pollutants across all environmental media including air, land, and water.
Outreach, technical assistance, and training will be provided and pilot projects will be performed
to test innovative technologies in high risk areas, address significant needs of the State, and
demonstrate pollution prevention techniques with statewide application.
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)—1994
(EPA Funding: $102,000)
The objective of this grant proposal is to develop a strong source-reduction outreach program
in Wyoming. DEQ plans to sponsor a number of meetings and workshops including, the
Wyoming Pollution Prevention Roundtable meetings, community-level pollution prevention
workshops for small businesses, and Department staff meetings. DEQ also will sponsor a series
of industry-developed, voluntary waste reduction agreements, a wood waste project, and a public
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education program. In addition, DEQ will work cooperatively with the Wind River
Environmental Commission to produce a waste reduction initiative.
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality—1995
(EPA Funding: $91,900)
The Department of Environmental Quality has developed a framework to implement pollution
prevention in Wyoming. In order to maintain this framework, it is essential for the state to
continue support of a full time pollution prevention coordinator. The pollution prevention
Coordinator is responsible for organizing state outreach activities such as the Wyoming Pollution
Prevention Roundtable, the DEQ Committee, public education initiatives, Native American
outreach, pilot projects and workshops and technical assistance for small businesses. The
coordinator, in conjunction with the DEQ Director and environmental division administrators,
is responsible for developing waste reduction agreements with large industry and initiating other
types of industry partnerships. In addition, the Coordinator compiles minutes from meetings,
workshop evaluations and reports on activities. The grant funding will support the pollution
prevention coordinator position through June 30, 1997.
Other Organizations
Three Affiliated Tribes, Natural Resources Department Environmental
Division—1994	(EPA Funding: $60,000)
The Three Affiliated Tribes (TAT) are the tribal administration comprised of members of the
Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Tribes. Through this grant, TAT proposes to develop Project
WET (Water Education for Teachers) into a curriculum modified specifically for South Dakota
and targeted at K-12 grades. The goal of the program is to educate, train and motivate the youth
and general public to "Reduce/Reuse/Recycle" hazardous household waste and learn about Water
Pollution Prevention in general. TAT will develop the curriculum and training seminars for
teaching staff, produce adult education fliers, radio spots, and periodic newspaper articles, and
make presentations to civic clubs, organizations, local boards, and conferences to publicize the
benefits of P2.
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American Samoa
American Samoa Environmental Protection Agency—1990
(EPA Funding: $177,165)
Given American Samoa's unique island environment, (population density, lack of landfill
capacity and markets for recycled goods) this project will (1) establish territory-wide public
awareness of proper waste disposal practices with an emphasis on recycling and source
reduction; (2) promote existing aluminum can recycling and establish additional efforts;
(3) coordinate and establish a territory-wide waste oil management program as a demonstration
project; (4) investigate bulky metal waste recycling alternatives and determine best approach;
and (5) provide information and technology transfer to other island areas with similar situations.
American Samoa Environmental Protection Agency—1993
(EPA Funding: $50,000)
This project addresses heavy metals contamination of Pago Pago Bay. It seeks to identify
industrial and commercial sources of these contaminants and identify pollution prevention
techniques for reducing or eliminating these pollutants. Funds will support on-site pollution
prevention assessments at these facilities and will also support American Samoa's efforts to
encourage companies to implement changes through regulatory and non-regulatory means. The
project will also establish a Governor's awards program for pollution prevention.
Arizona Department of Environmental Quality—1992
(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ)'s proposes to support the Arizona
Pollution Prevention Leadership Enhancement (APPLE) program, to leverage and enhance the
existing staff, capabilities and statutory framework of its multimedia pollution prevention
program. Goals include promoting a multi-media pollution prevention program for air, water,
and land; providing seed money and assistance for development and implementation of
innovative pollution prevention programs and methodologies that address local problems;
providing educational information and training in source reduction and pollution prevention to
the general public, as well as the educational community and local businesses. Additionally,
ADEQ plans to make source reduction assistance available to businesses upon request, including
networks of information exchange and expert on-site opportunity assessments, and to expand
public participation and provide incentives, awards, and recognition for outstanding pollution
prevention projects, including participation in the 33/50 program.
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Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, Waste Programs Division—
1994	{EPA Funding: $180,000)
This year's PPIS grant will be used to build upon the highly successful Arizona P2 Leadership
Enhancement (APPLE) program. The Department plans to add two new activities to last year's
program: a summer intern program; and a pollution prevention opportunities and priorities
program, to be staffed by a full-time intern. In addition, the Department will continue the
activities central to the first APPLE program, including: expand current clearinghouse holdings;
continue to provide pollution prevention curriculum; provide the Arizona Pollution Prevention
Newsletter and other publications; coordinate and host workshops and conferences, provide
speakers and other outreach activities, continue to train Department staff; and continue to fund
innovative pollution prevention projects. The program hopes to establish and track an
incineration reduction program with facility commitments, and establish and track a voluntary
incineration reduction program as it works toward its goal of reducing statewide voluntary waste
by 20 to 50 percent by the year 2000.
California Department of Health Services, Alternative Technology Division—
1990	(EPA Funding: $300,000)
The Technical and Educational Assistance Model (TEAM) project is a two-year interagency
effort to develop a comprehensive training program that will define and promote multimedia
pollution prevention. The goals of the project are: 1) to develop multimedia training sessions
designed for regulatory agency staff and for industry representatives; 2) to establish a state-wide
Pollution Prevention Roundtable; 3) to provide four local government models of effectively
integrated pollution prevention program planning; and 4) to provide an evaluation of
implemented activities as a result of training sessions and the information provided by the model
California Trade and Commerce Agency—1993	(EPA Funding: $204,210)
This project will establish pollution prevention assistance programs at three California Small
Business Development Centers (SBDCs) to provide direct assistance to small businesses in a non-
regulatory setting. The Centers, located in Northern (Solano), Central (Merced) and Southern
(Riverside) California, will deliver pollution prevention materials to small businesses, operate
telephone assistance services, provide training seminars, and conduct on-site pollution prevention
assessments for small businesses. The project will also link in environmentally related technical
assistance through the southern California Business Environment Assistance Center (BEAC).
If successful, this project can be expanded to include the rest of the California SBDC system (29
centers total) and will further support current efforts by the Nevada SBDC to expand this
concept to the SBDC system nationwide.
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California Department of Toxic Substances Control, Office of Pollution
Prevention and Technology Assistance—1994	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The California Department of Toxic Substances Control will use the PPIS grant to provide
ongoing support to local governments to implement P2 programs. The Department plans to
provide local governments with P2 program development assistance and support (i.e.,
participating in committee meetings, helping with conference organization) and will develop
pollution prevention outreach materials for distribution. The Department also will target a
pollution prevention program in southern California (i.e., performing waste audits and
assessments, developing seminars) and plans to organize a government/environmental group
source reduction partnership pilot.
California Air Resources Board—1995	(EPA Funding: $75,000)
California Air Resources Board's goal is to improve California's environmental quality by
promoting pollution prevention practices. The Board plans to provide California businesses,
governments, and citizens with pollution prevention information; encourage these individuals to
utilize multimedia pollution prevention alternatives in air quality improvement and other
environmental activities; and train communities in incorporating pollution prevention practices
into daily activities. Pollution prevention ideas will be incorporated into all iaspects of
California's Small Business Assistance Program, and the grantee will use existing outreach
vehicles to disseminate information, assistance, and training. The grantee plans to develop a
series of both general and industry-specific pollution prevention guides; an electronic bulletin
board module; and a training program focusing on enforcement, compliance self-inspection, and
compliance determination. Pollution prevention information and assistance will also be offered
through a helpline.
California Department of Pesticide Regulation—1995
(EPA Funding: $160,000)
California Department of Pesticide Regulation seeks to establish a voluntary program of site-
specific management practices and reduced risk pest management practices to reduce pesticide
leaching and off-site movement in the Tulare and Fresno counties of California. The principal
goal of the program is to prevent groundwater pollution in the targeted counties. The program
will be developed in conjunction with growers and local agricultural officials. Through
education and outreach, growers will be encouraged to voluntarily adopt reduced risk pest
management practices in lieu of regulatory restrictions. While transport to groundwater will
receive particular emphasis, the practices the grantee is considering also have the potential to
reduce transport to other media; therefore, the program will evaluate herbicide occurrence and
transport in all media by monitoring demonstration plots for herbicide residues in air, water, and
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California State Water Resources Control Board—1995
(EPA Funding: $120,790)
The goals of this project are to identify and implement strategies for working with local
governments to reduce sediment runoff into the San Francisco Bay-Delta Estuary to achieve
actual reductions in sediment runoff. The grantee will assess current regulations and practices
pertaining to construction and landscaping activities which affect sediment generation in selected
cities, and then negotiate with local governments the enactment of targeted changes in land use
policies and general plans. The program will be conducted on a voluntary basis, thus changes
in local policies and practices will be developed collaboratively with local staff and elected
officials. The grantee may offer various incentives, such as an award to governments showing
greatest progress, to encourage participation. The ultimate aim of the project is to develop a
program of sediment reduction which will be expanded to the entire San Francisco Bay-Delta
watershed. The process and strategies developed in this pilot project will serve as a model for
outreach to other local governments in the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as in the state.
University of California—1995	(EPA Funding: $160,210)
This project is targeted toward pest control advisers (PCAs) in California. The grantee plans
to develop study materials and examination questions to set standards for a new generation of
PCAs with solid grounding in environmental concepts, integrated pest management principles
and methods, and alternatives to pesticides. The final products will be a general reference book
on integrated pest management for field practitioners that can be used as a study guide and a
reference for continuing education for pest control advisers, and a pool of examination questions
for CA Department of Pesticide Regulation to use to evaluate licensee's understanding of the
study materials. These materials would be directed at professionals working in agriculture,
landscape, right-of-way, and turf situations. The grantee plans to hold an in-depth seminar
showing how the new materials can be used in training. It is expected that other states and
professional organizations nationwide will use the materials for their programs.
University of Nevada, Reno—1991	(EPA Funding: $299,888)
The "Nevada Pollution Prevention Program" proposal is a multimedia effort to address the
primary needs of Nevada through pollution prevention assistance to small businesses and
development of prevention alternatives for the precious metals mining industry. Pollution
prevention assistance will be offered to small businesses through training seminars and
publications; through a toll-free assistance line; and through an on-site assessment program. The
project will provide a technical resource to support the efforts of the Nevada DEP to integrate
prevention into its regulatory programs, support EPA's 33/50 project by providing assistance
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to uses of the targeted chemicals in Nevada, and will focus on lead prevention opportunities in
the mining industry.
UCCSN Regents, on Behalf of the University of Nevada, Reno, College of
Business Administration—1994	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
The University of Nevada plans to use the PPIS grant to continue funding the efforts of the
Business Environmental Program (BEP), which was developed by the Small Business
Development Center (SBDC). The program has been highly successful since its inception in
1991, as indicated by the high demand for services. BEP provides free and confidential
hazardous waste management and multi-media pollution prevention assistance to businesses
throughout Nevada. Activities that will receive funding from the current grant include hotline
services, waste assessments, training seminars, and outreach material development.
Northern Marina Islands
Northern Marina Islands Department of Public Health—1993
(EPA Funding: $13,300)
This project will provide CNMI DEQ with an expert to conduct waste audits of targeted
facilities, and provide information and advice to targeted industries. The expert will also
provide training to CNMI DEQ staff on waste minimization and pollution prevention techniques.
Based on this experience, CNMI DEQ will develop long-range plans for its pollution prevention
Other Organizations
Navajo Environmental Protection Agency—1993 (EPA Funding: $182,290)
This project will create a pollution prevention/waste minimization program through the Navajo
EPA, in conjunction with the Navajo Division of Economic Development, Mission Research
Corporation, and the University of New Mexico. The program will deliver pollution prevention
assistance to Navajo businesses. This will be one of the first multi-media pollution prevention
programs created specifically for a single indian Tribe. The program will:
•	Develop institutional structures within the Navajo Nation government to support
pollution prevention.
•	Develop multi-media pollution prevention activities in coordination with Federal
and State agencies.
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®	Develop a targeted outreach program.
®	Establish a pollution prevention information clearinghouse.
®	Develop and demonstrate specific pollution prevention techniques.
®	Collect and analyze information to monitor program progress.
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Alaska Department of Environmental Protection, Alaska Health Project—
1989	(EPA Funding: $199,000)
A two-year cooperative project between ADEP and AHP includes the following components:
establishment of an integrated pollution prevention program in the state, technical transfer and
technical assistance, follow-up audits, curricula development for waste reduction at the university
level, pilot waste reduction programs for rural Alaska (2 projects). •
Alaska Office of the Governor—1991	(EPA Funding: $270,000)
The goal of this proposal, "Building Sustainable Communities in the State of Alaska," is to
launch a broad, statewide effort to integrate pollution prevention and energy conservation
practices and awareness within various local community sectors, including local and state
government, private industry, consumers, community organizations, native groups, and schools.
It will build on the initial success of the state's existing "Green Star" program by fully
implementing it in Anchorage and transferring it to other communities, developing pollution
prevention and energy conservation standards for the community sectors, building partnerships
with community institutions to implement these standards and build momentum toward
sustainable communities, and provide technical assistance and on-going support to' the
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation—1993
(EPA Funding: $21,120)
This project involves designing a statewide Alaskan Materials Exchange that is accessible and
of use to all industries and communities throughout Alaska. The grantee plans to build upon the
ongoing cooperative efforts to develop a materials exchange for the oil and gas industry. The
emphasis of the progTam will be on identifying the needs of other major Alaskan industries and
communities for materials exchange, and designing and implementing a program that fits the
culture, geography, and economic realities of Alaska.
Chugachmiut Tribe—1993	(EPA Funding: $21,549)
This project involves:
• A joint venture between Chugachmiut and the Chugach Regional Resources
Commission to work with each village Environmental Health Committee and
council to accompany the water resource planning with a campaign to develop
awareness of the need for appropriate septic sludge disposal, to decide which
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septic sludge disposal alternative best suits each community, and to assist each
village council in the design of a maintenance strategy that is as self-supporting
as possible. Since the Port Graham Village Council will have chosen their
disposal method, work in that village will focus on the specific methods that will
be used to maintain the septic sludge disposal system. In particular, occupational
training for the individual(s) who will be responsible for operating and
maintaining the system will be facilitated.
« Proposed P2 activities designed to build tribal capabilities by providing technical
assistance on-site in each village, by supporting an in-depth discussion of sludge
disposal issues and planning session during a two-day meeting. for village
environmental health leaders, and by providing ongoing support and assistance to
village councils and Environmental Health Committees as they work to apply the
knowledge gained to their own situation. This is essentially the method used
successfully during the current fiscal year in support of solid waste management
© A basic infrastructure for environmental protection that is developed by the
villages. As they resolve village landfill and septic disposal issues, the program
emphasis will shift to facilitating training and support for individuals who are
responsible for operating and maintaining the systems; and addressing the impact
of consumer behavior on the environment.
Chugachmilt Community, Health Services Division—1994
(EPA Funding: $25,000)
The proposed project is a joint venture between Chugachmiut, the Chugach Regional Resources
Commission, the Tatitlek IRA Council, the Chenega Bay IRA Council, the Port Graham Village
Council, and the Nanawalek Traditional Council to address point sources of pollution affecting
remote and isolated villages in the Chagach Region of Alaska. The group hopes to prevent
improperly maintained septic tanks from polluting fresh and marine water resources in the
Region, so that they may continue to support successful fisheries projects. The project relies
on a matrix, which will assist each village in selecting one of five septic sludge disposal options
identified during a Waste Water Treatment meeting that occurred in FY 94.
State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation—1994
(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) seeks to identify the appropriate
direction for the State's future efforts in facility planning. Through evaluating Alaska's existing
facility planning activities and research the experience of other states in successfully
implementing voluntary or mandatory facility planning, ADEC hopes to identify and understand
the barriers and incentives to implementing of facility planning. Central to this process will be
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a work group comprised of business and government representatives that ADEC hopes will build
ownership and commitment to facility planning and measurement. In addition, ADEC expects
that the work group will develop a guidance or policy on the requirements for a facility plan.
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation—1995
(EPA Funding: $118,000)
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) intends to use this PPIS grant to
sustain its involvement in on-going pollution prevention activities in Alaska and to continue its
efforts to develop systems to measure its progress quantitatively and qualitatively. DEC hopes
to increase awareness of the benefits of pollution prevention among the business community and
the public by meeting public and private sector demand for information in a timely manner and
in coordination with other state technical assistance delivery systems. To this end, the grantee
will maintain its-pollution prevention technical assistance center, which responds to technical
assistance requests. DEC also plans to achieve reductions in pollution and sustain visibility and
support for environmental leadership among the small business community, schools, and
government agencies by fostering statewide implementation of Green Star/Earth Star programs
which encourage voluntary source reduction and resource conservation efforts. Finally, the
grantee plans to conserve resources and divert solid and hazardous materials from land disposal
and treatment systems by supporting and enhancing statewide participation in the Alaska
Materials Exchange program.
Haw ah Department of Health—1992	(EPA Funding: $185,316)
The objective of the Hawaii Island Pollution Prevention Incentives for the Environment
(HIPPIE) program is to provide an integrated system for reducing pollution and protecting
Hawaii's environment. The HIPPIE program will provide technical assistance, education and
training to local governments, as well as farmers, landscapers, resort and golf course managers
concerning the benefits of using locally-produced compost, soil amendments and mulch. The
HIPPIE program's plans to minimize. hazardous waste will be achieved through increased
community education and outreach, and the Hawaii Materials Exchange (HIMEX) will be
created to facilitate inter-island brokering of materials that might otherwise end up in Hawaii's
traditional disposal systems.
Hawao Department of Health—1995	(EPA Funding: $54,000)
The Hawaii Department of Health plans to address the problems of restaurant waste in the state
by developing and publishing a handbook of pollution prevention and resource efficiency
guidelines for restaurants and several training sessions targeting each island in Hawaii. The
handbook will discuss less toxic and non-hazardous options restaurants can use for cleaning and
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disinfecting their establishments, as well as alternatives for restaurant grease disposal. In
addition, it will cover water conservation methods; reduction in pesticide use for landscaping;
energy-efficient lighting, heating, and disposal; recycling options and composting; and restaurant
procurement of recycled materials. The grantee also plans to identify at least one restaurant in
Hawaii that would be willing to participate in a pilot project and change many of its current
practices to pollution prevention practices. Baseline data will be collected on the amount of
pollution the pilot restaurant currently produces and the reduction it achieves by changing its
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Environmental Quality—
1989	{EPA Funding: $202,500)
This grant will establish a state-sponsored, county-managed recycling program focusing on
hazardous and non-hazardous industrial wastes. Counties can expand programs to encompass
consumer and municipal wastes. The grantee will provide public and industry education to the
national solid waste crisis and the advantages of source reduction and recycling. In addition,
ID DEQ will establish Waste Exchange Service.
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Environmental Quality—
1994	(EPA Funding: $180,000)
DEQ plans to institutionalize pollution prevention into Division programs and staff through
coordinated pollution prevention activities and training, which will include seven training
sessions for DEQ employees. This PPIS grant will also fund numerous outreach activities
including pollution prevention promotion and technology transfer in the following five targeted
focus industries: agricultural crop production; auto repair; chemicals/chemical production; metal
mining; and lumber/wood products.
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality—1991
(EPA Funding: $300,418)
This grant will serve to expand Oregon's existing hazardous waste reduction and technical
assistance program into a multimedia pollution prevention and risk reduction program.
Components of the program include: providing technical support to EPA's 33/50 project in the
State of Oregon by conducting workshops, providing technical assistance, and coordinating
between EPA and DEQ; expanding five RCRA-focused manuals into, and developing additional,
multimedia P2 training and informational documents; tracking and measuring the success of
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implemented P2 initiatives; and expanding DEQ's ability to provide process-specific assistance
to businesses to find source reduction alternatives by utilizing technical expertise at universities
through graduate students and retired scientists and engineers.
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality—1993
(EPA Funding: $261,198)
Under this grant, OR DEQ will:
•	Improve the quality of Oregon's air, water and land through expansion of the
Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) current pollution prevention
•	Build upon DEQ's successes from previous EPA pollution prevention grants
through expanded industry outreach and technical assistance programs including
outreach to local governments and state agencies.
•	Integrate multi-media pollution prevention activities into Oregon's regulatory
•	Initiate programs that encourage pollution prevention through linkages with non-
regulatory agencies.
•	Ensure that the implementation of Oregon's TURHWR Act complements the
Environmental Protection Agency's RCRA Program, Industrial Toxics Project
(33/50 Program), and the Federal Facility Compliance Act through close
coordination of efforts between the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
and EPA.
•	Continue to improve the relationship between DEQ and Oregon businesses and
to foster a pollution prevention ethic that results in the reduction in or elimination
of the use of toxic chemicals and generation of hazardous waste throughout the
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality—1994
(EPA Funding: $100,000)
DEQ's 1994 program is divided into three components: community level pollution prevention
outreach; industry level pollution prevention outreach; and measuring pollution prevention
success. In conducting community level outreach, DEQ will conduct pollution prevention
training for Oregon pretreatment coordinators, source control managers, and environmental
managers; and develop brochures and a ten-minute video promoting the waste prevention
program community model. For industry level pollution prevention outreach, the Department
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will work with the Printing Imaging Association and a contractor to develop a multi-media
regulatory and pollution prevention guide for the printing industry., To measure the effectiveness
of pollution prevention efforts, DEQ plans to develop electronic versions of its hazardous waste
and TUR annual reporting forms, and pollution prevention indicators for local communities.
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality—1995 (EPA Funding: $118,000)
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) has maintained a pollution prevention
program since 1987. DEQ plans to use this PPIS grant to conduct a number of projects which
will enhance its capabilities to integrate pollution prevention into Oregon's regulatory programs.
DEQ will develop a series of training classes for its staff which will include general pollution
prevention tools, cross-media regulatory training, and sector-specific training for targeted focus
areas. The grantee will also establish a pollution prevention clearinghouse and a video and
manual on pollution prevention techniques which will be used to train DEQ staff and the
regulated community how to solve pollution problems through pollution prevention. Working
in partnership with local governments, DEQ intends to develop educational materials for target
audiences such as small businesses and homeowners. DEQ will also conduct a demonstration
and education project focused on best pollution prevention practices for shipyards.
Washington Department of Ecology, Waste Reduction, Recycling and Litter
Control—1990	(EPA Funding: $297,000)
Project objectives are: to design and implement a methodology to provide baseline data for
measuring multimedia waste reduction and recycling success; and to increase coordination and
communication regarding pollution prevention programs and issues between governmental
agencies and within the Department of Ecology. This will involve surveying businesses,
analyzing this data, and establishing inter-governmental committees and an intra-agency
Washington State Department of Ecology—1992 (EPA Funding: $200,000)
In this proposal, Washington State University (WSU), Ecology's Solid and Hazardous Waste
Program (SHW) and the Department of Health (DOH) will expand the scope of pollution
prevention into institutions of higher education, wellhead protection programs, and hazardous
waste regulatory activities. WSU proposes to include development of a multi-media pollution
prevention curriculum for undergraduate and graduate students in business, chemistry and
environmental science. Pollution prevention inspections will be focused on industry types and
locations that achieve maximum potential contaminant reduction.
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Washington Department of Ecology—1993	(EPA Funding: $200,000)
This project involves developing and implementing a multi-media pollution prevention technical
assistance campaign for three priority industries.
•	The cooperative effort will multiply our efforts and help build the capabilities of
the local agencies. Local agencies play a large role in technical assistance efforts.
For example, local agencies are responsible for providing hazardous waste
reduction technical assistance to conditionally exempt generators; local air
pollution control agencies have the authority to provide pollution prevention
technical assistance and POTW's work with wastewater dischargers to assist them
with their pre-treatment programs.
•	Printers and photofinishers have already been identified by all involved agencies
as high priorities. A multi-agency workgroup that will be convened as part of
this project will choose the third party industry. The workgroup will use the
grant criteria when making its choice.
•	The project for the third industry will be refined if necessary based on the
outcome of the printers/photofinishers project.
Washington Department of Ecology—1994	(EPA Funding: $100,000)
The Washington Department of Ecology's project is designed to meet the intent of legislation
passed by the State legislature that requires the Department to conduct a pilot multimedia
pollution prevention program that coordinates its regulatory and technical assistance activities
and determine the feasibility of facility-wide permits. The main components of the project are
a pilot project that will promote pollution prevention through a coordinated multimedia approach
to regulating and assisting a selected industry (perhaps chemical manufacturing), and an
investigation of the feasibility of facility-wide permits for a different industry (such as primary
aluminum). The Department hopes that this endeavor will lead to a greater degree of pollution
prevention and environmental protection at industrial facilities, greater efficiency in its service
delivery, reduced regulatory costs and burdens for industry, and will create a platform through
which the Department can make decisions about further pollution prevention integration actions.
Washington Department of Ecology—1995	(EPA Funding: $118,000)
Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) plans to use PPIS funds to implement a new
strategy to improve Ecology's current pollution prevention efforts. The strategy entails
emphasizing a multimedia approach to pollution prevention and broadening Ecology's pollution
prevention efforts to all of the business functions of the agency. The grant will be used to
provide seed money to various Ecology programs to implement specific projects consistent with
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the strategy and to address agency-wide needs that do not clearly fall to one program or division.
Specific projects will include: 1) assessment of pollutant-based fees for NPDES permits; 2)
development of multimedia pollution prevention permit conditions for the aluminum industry in
Washington; 3) follow up to pollution prevention training for Ecology staff with industry-specific
training sessions; and 4) outreach to reduce silver and mercury discharges to the POTW in
Spokane, WA.
Other Organizations
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe—1993	(EPA Funding: $125,706)
This project will establish an outreach program designed to offer education and technical
assistance to landowners, farmers, and businesses to prevention pollution and restor a healthy
ecosystem (a pollution prevention field agent program). Providing pollution prevention field
agents to work with groups in the community, will allow Tribal members to build upon other
major planning efforts which were previously undertaken.
Kwethluk I.R.A. Council—1993	(EPA Funding: $30,000)
Activities under this grant seek to prevent solid waste and sewage pollution of land and
waterways, thus reducing environmental and human health risks; and build tribal pollution
prevention capabilities. The Council will hire a part-time Local Utility Business Advisor to act
as liaison between the public, local administrators and agencies and regional organizations to
accomplish the goals of this program. The grant activities will focus oh interagency coordination
and program development; community education and public relations; and personnel and
administrative structuring and management.
Shoshone-Bannock Tribe—1993	(EPA Funding: $27,500)
Under this grant the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe plans to address the problem of nitrates in the
drinking water on Tribal land. The Tribe will identify community opportunities and volunteer
liaisons as a means of generating public involvement and empowerment. In addition, the Tribe
will develop educational modules and packages for training.
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe—1995	(EPA Funding: $25,000)
This project seeks to prevent further pollution of small streams in the Dungeness River
Watershed and the Sequim Bay Watershed. Current stream degradation is due to uncontrolled
livestock and previous channelization. The Tribe plans to treat each stream as a system within
the watershed, assess problems, and identify and implement solutions which will prevent
pollution. The grantee will conduct outreach in schools and will work with farmers and
landowners to implement fencing and planting along stream corridors. The Tribe will develop
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an Adopt-A-Stream program in its school distrht, by which stream tours and workshops will be
conducted and technical assistance will be provided. In addition, fencing, trees, and shrubs will
be provided to landowners along 3000 feet of stream corridor. This will result in a large stream
area from which livestock have been removed, thus greatly reducing or eliminating present and
future pollution.
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe—1995	(EPA Funding: $22,844)
This project seeks to address the problem of poor air quality on and near the Port Gamble
S'Klallam Indian Reservation. A large part of the current air quality problem is the use of non-
certified wood-burning stoves. There are currently 55 homes with non-certified wood-burning
stoves within the boundaries of the Reservation, many of which are old, dilapidated, and
inefficient. The goal of the project is to improve air quality in the area by eliminating seventeen
of the non-certified wood-burning stoves on the Reservation. The Tribe will purchase and install
new wood stoves in homes which now have non-certified stoves. Homeowners that receive new
stoves will be required to participate in an in-home training program which will discuss the
negative effects of wood burning on air quality and how to mitigate those effects. The Tribe
will also initiate an educational campaign involving the entire community, which will utilize
newsletter articles, pamphlets, and informational booths to teach Tribal members about pollution
resulting from burning wood.
Quileute Indian Tribe—1995	(EPA Funding: $8,927)
The Quileute Indian Reservation in LaPush, Washington is an extremely poor community with
extensive pollution problems. The Tribe intends to use PPIS funds to initiate a pollution
prevention training program that will 1) develop a pollution prevention infrastructure for the
Tribe and prepare a pollution prevention plan; 2) provide an employment opportunity for a
Tribal member through on-the-job training with the Public Works Department that will include
pollution prevention training, planning, and implementation components;, and 3) educate the
Quileute Tribal Council, Public Works Department, Environmental Program, and Utilities
Commission about pollution prevention techniques and potential projects.
Spokane Tribe of Indians—1995	(EPA Funding: $16,229)
This PPIS grant will enable the Spokane Tribe to conduct wastestream audits for commercial and
residential waste sources authorized to use the Spokane Indian Reservation landfill. This will
be the first step toward developing a pollution prevention program and educating the Spokane
Reservation Community about source reduction as a means to prevent pollution from solid waste.
The waste audits will be used to identify the types and quantities of materials being disposed in
the Reservation's landfill so that the Tribe may design a targeted program for source reduction
and pollution prevention.
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Regional EPA offices can provide more information on PPIS and state pollution prevention
jrograms. Please contact the Pollution Prevention Coordinator in your region of the country:
Region 1
Pollution Prevention Coordinator (PAS)
JFK Federal Building Room 2203
Boston, MA 02203
(617) 565-1155
Region 2
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
290 Broadway, 26th Floor
New York, NY 10007-1866
(212) 637-3584
Region 3
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
841 Chestnut Building
Philadelphia, PA 19107
(215) 597-0765
Region 4
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
345 Courtland Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30365
(404) 347-3555
x. 6894
Region 5
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
(ME-19 J)
77 West Jackson Boulevard
Chicago, IL 60604-3590
(312) 353-4669
Region 6
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
1445 Ross Avenue
12th Floor, Suite 1200
Dallas, TX 75202
(214) 655-6580
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Pollution Prevention Incentives for States Grants Summaries
Region 7
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
(913) 551-7315
Region 8
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
999 18th Street, Suite 500
Denver, CO 80202-2405
(303) 293-1471
HI, NV, RP _
Region 9
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
(415) 744-2190
Region 10
Pollution Prevention Coordinator
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
(206). 553-4072
\A $
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