Mat*  2005 r.
B cpeaneM B

nera B CLUA npmviepHO

1500 we/rose*

or <-ipe3MepHO

norojjbi.1 TofibKO

rerwoBan Bonna B

B 1995 roay ynecna

CBblLUe 700 4e/70B6K.

B Espone s 2003 roay

peKOpanan TennoBan Bonna

ynecna >KHSHH npuMepHO

35 000 4e/70B6K. B o6onx

c/iy-ianx do/ibiunHCTBO

>KeprB 6bifin B Bospacre

65 ner n crapine.
                                                                        Ha
                          c/iynai   npesiviepHO
                                                   noroflbi
v\
                                nanv\ nv\ Bbi, HTO
                                TOA or «Hpe3MepHO
                                noroAbi» yMnpa
                                /iHDAePi, H6M or yparaHOB,
                               , TopnaAO, HaBOAHeHnPi v\
                                      BMecre ssarbix?2
                                      MOXST nocrpaAarb
                          or neperpesa, HO oco6eHHO
                                      i onacHocru
                                          ft/in fuofle  crapLuero Bospacra
                                              sa HMMM '-tnenoB
                             npocTbie Mepbi, KOTOpbie MoryT
                                       sa HMMM nv\u,a v\
                             pyKOBOAMTe^n o6mnH Ana CHMxenn
                             BpeAHoro BOSAePicTBua HpesMepno
                                  i noroAbi.
                             KTO noflBepraerca pwcKy
                             B03fl6MCTBMfl
      npesMepHO xapKoPi noroAbi
- arc npoAo;i>Kip.ev\ B ropoAax.
OAHOM us npuHMH HB/iaeTca TO,
HTO Aoporn n SAanwH nor^oinahDT
        aneprnhD n cnoco6cTByHDT
           en^OBblX OCTpOBOB».
B TO BpeMH K3K Ce^bCKMS paPJOHbl
ox/iaxAaioTCH sa HOHb, ropoAa
coxpaHaHDT 3TO nomoineHHoe Tenno.
B pesy^bTaTe ropoACKne xnTe^n He
nonynaHDT AOCTaTOHHoPi BOSMOXHOCTM
OTAOxnyrb OT BbicoKnx TeMnepaTyp B
HOHHoe BpeMa. K cnacTbHD, cymecTByhDT
Te/ia MoryT 6biTb
HHDAM, xnBymne B
v\nv\ npuKOBaHHbie K nocTe/iM v\
Hecnoco6Hbie sa6oTMTbca o ce6e,
noABeprahDTca eme 6o^biueMy pucKy.
CocToaHne 3AopoBba, Hanpmviep
         HapyiueHna v\
     TaKxe CAenaTb
     noABepxeHHbiM pucKy.
          npenapaTbi,
MOryT OKaSaTbCfl HyBCTBMTeJIbHbl K
BOSAePiCTBMHD.
   HpesiviepHO >KapKan norofla Ha yaiiB^eHiie nacro craHOBMTca
 npiiHHHOM CMepm. YasBHMbie rpynnbi, raKiie K3K no>Kiijibie jihOflM,
            nofleep>KeHbi ocoGeHHO BbicoKOMy piiCKy.
XopouieM HOBOCTbK) flBjiaejca TO, HTO cyiuecTBytOT npocTbie Mepbi,
     KOTOpbie jiiOflM MoryT npeflnpMHaTb ana CBoeu saiuMTbi.

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KaK CHM3MTB  BO3fl6MCTBMe
npesMepHO  >KapKOM noroflbi?
HannyHiueM aammoM OT npeaiviepHO xapKOM
                                                              KpoMe roro, JIHDAM,
                                                              Ha BepxHwx araxax SAanwPi 6es
                                                                          , 6o/iee
        RBrmeTCfl OAHOM v\3 HannyHUJnx
Mep npojHB aaSoneBaHMM, CBRsannbix c neperpeBOM,
M civiepTM.4 Bcero necKO/ibKO nacoB B
npOBeASHHblX B KOHAMU,MOHHpOBaHHOM
Moryi 3HaHMTenbHO CHM3MTb PUCK. 3/ieKTpnHecKne
BeHTM/iRTOpbi Moryj oSecnennTb KOMCpopi, HO npn
TeivinepaTypax SJIMSKMX K 100 rpaAycaivi no OapenreMiy
(40 rpaAycaivi no UenbcuK)) OHM ne Moryi aammnTb OT
3a6oneBaHMM, CBRsannbix c neperpeBOM.

B nepnoAbi npeaiviepHO xapKOM noroAbi cneRy\ou\v\e
npocpunaKTMHecKne Mepbi Moryi cnacin XMSHM:

• nocemaMie oSopyAOBannbie KOHAMUMonepaiviM
  B BaweM paMone, ec/in saiu AOM ne oSopyaoBan
  CMCTGIVIOM KOHAHUHOHMpOBaHMR.TaKMMM 3AaHMRMM
  Moryi 6biTb: uenipbi p.m noxunbix niOAeti,
  KMHOTeaipbi, 6n6nnoTeKM, Toprosbie uenipbi nnn
  cneu,nanbHbie «oxnaxAaKDmne u,eHTpbi».

* npi/iHMMaMTe xonoAHbiM AynJ n/in Banny.5

* rieMie MHoro XMAKOCTM. He XAMTG, KorAa Bbi
  noHyBCTByeie xaxAy Ecnn span orpannHMBaeT sac
  B npneivie XMAKOCTM, cnpocMie era, CKonbKO MOXHO
      B xapKyra noroAy He ynoTpeS/iRMTe nanMTKM,
              KOCpeMH, cnMpi M/iM So/ibiuoe
            caxapa. OTM nanMTKM
  O6e3BOXMBaHM6.
  CnpocMie CBoero spana MJIM
              JIM npenapaibi, KOiopbie Bbi npMHMMaeie,
                  K neperpesy.
  HOCMTG nerKyK), CBoSoAHyK) OAexAy CBeinbix TOHOB.
  HasemaMTe JIMU,, noABepxennbix pMCKy, ne
  MGHbiue AByx pas B A©Hb. CneAUTe aa
  3a6oneBaHMR, CBaaaHHoro c neperpeBOM,
     ropRHaa, cyxaa Koxa, napyiueHMe
               M arpeccMR.
noiviomb,
  ECJIM noTpeSyeTCR
  3BOHMT6 9-1-1.
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                          pucKy BOSAePicTBMH npesMepno
                          noroAbi. AKTMBHaa 4>M3MHecKaa
                          AeaTe/ibHOCTb Ha csexeM BOSAyxe v\
                          ynoTpeo/ieHwe cnnprHbix HannTKOB
                          BO BpeMH Heo6bNHO xapKoPi noroAbi
                               o6ocTpaeT 3a6o/ieBaHMH,
                                     neperpesoM

                          KaK neperpee  B /inner  Ha
                          opraHMSM?
                          B HopMa/ibHbix yc/ioBMHX opraHMSM
                          ox;ia>KAaeTCH caM sa cner ycw/iem-ia
                          npnTOKa KpoBM K Koxe M o6pa3OBaHna
                          nora. 3a6o/ieBaHMH, CBasannbie c
                          neperpesoM, v\ CMepre/ibHbie
                          npoMcxoAHT, KorAa cucreMa
                          reMneparypbi re/ia neperpyxaerca.
                          KorAa aro nponcxoAur, noTOOTAe/iem-i
                          Moxer 6biTb HeAocraTOHHO. BbicoKne
                          ypoBHM B^axHOCTM MoryT eme
                          6o^biue sarpyAHMTb caMoox^axAeHne
                          opraHMSMa.

                          KaK censaHbi npesniepHO >KapKaa
                          norofla M renjioeoM ynap?
                                   yAap
                          Han6o^ee cepbesHbiM
                          BOSAePicTBua neperpesa
                          Ha 3AopoBbe ne^oBeKa. OH
                          npeACTaB^aer co6oPi Hapyiuenne
                          cucreMbi pery^auuM reMneparypbi
                          oprannsMa. KorAa oprannsM repaer
                          CnOCO6HOCTb K
                          BnyrpeHHaa reMneparypa
                          pesKO noBbiiuaeTCH. B
                          ren^oBoPi yAap MOXST npuBecru
                          K cepbesHbiM M Heo6paTMMbiM
                          nopaxennaM XMSHSHHO
                          opranoB.
                          riocTpaAaBiuero MOXHO
                          no ropanePi, cyxoPi n KpacHoPi
                    HapyiueHne
                        v\
arpeccna. Ec^n HeMeA/ieHHO
He npwHHTb Heo6xoAMMbix Mep,
ren^oBoPi yAap MOXST npuBecru
K nocToaHHoPi MHBa/iMAHOCTM v\nv\
CMeprn. XopoiuePi
HOBOCTbHD
TO, HTO
yAapa MOXHO
                                                              npocTbie Mepbi,
                                                              npuBeAeHHbie na
                                                              3ToPi

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HTO Mower CAenaib iviecTHoe
npaBMTe/ibCTBO, HTo6bi noMOHb B3M?
MecTHoe npaBMTe/ibCTBO MOXST nrparb Baxnyio po;ib
B nporHosupoBaHMM n pearnpoBaHnn Ha nepwoAbi
HpesMepHO xapKoPi noroAbi. Ecrb ABB Han6o;iee o6mne
CTparernn - aro cucreMbi npeAynpexAeHna o xape v\
Mepbi no CHMxeHMHD
                                      o >Kape
CucreMbi npeAynpe>KAeHiKAeHMa-Ha6nHDAeHna sa
onacHbiMM Ana SAOpoBba noBbiiueHMaMM reMneparypbi
ycraHOB^eHbi B OmiaAe/ibcfcHM, Cuar^e, HnKaro, CeHT-
Jlynce n Apyrux ropoAax CLUA v\  Esponbi.
      no^yneHna npeAynpexAenna ropoACKne opraHbi
SApaBooxpaHeHna AOBOAar ary MHC^opMaunHD AO
cseAeHna noxn^bix rpaxAan, yxaxuBahDinnx sa HMMM
nv\u, v\ Apyrux rpynn, noABepxeHHbix pucKy.
               GGSAOMMBIM n
               Huxe Mepbi aB^ahDrca
         opraHMsai4MM», Koropbie Moryr
ropoACKne HMHOBHMKM Ana npeAynpexAenna
06 onacHOCTM v\ oGecneneHna HenocpeACTBeHHoPi
HOMOIUM:
    PacnpocrpaHeHne
    nepes cpeACTBa MaccoBoPi

              ropanux Tene4)OHHbix

                   Ao6poBo^bL(eB B paPioHax,
          ceMePi n ApysePi.
    n TpaHcnopra Ana npoesAa K HUM.

           6eSAOMHblM.
Pa6ora c
                      paPioHHbiMM areHTCTBaMM no
                      ;iHDAePi» Ana o6yneHna nv\u,
                 pucKy.

                Moryr raioKe KoopAMHUpoBarb CBOHD
            C MeCTHbIMM KOMMyHaJIbHbIMM C^y>K6aMM,
HTO6bl BO BpeMa Ten/lOBOPi BO^Hbl H6
             B AOMax.
                                                         3KOHOMMHHbie Mepbi MOK6T
                                                                  HaceneHne
                                                     ox/ia>KAeHMFi eosAyxa?
                                               flse Mepbi, Koropbie Moryr 6biTb
                                                          paPioHOB, BKnionaioT B ce6a
                                                            MarepnanoB, orpaxahDinnx
                                                   , a raioKe nocaAKy AepeBbes v\ Apyrux pacreHnPi
                                               Ana o6ecneH6HMa TBHH v\ ecrecTBeHHoro ox^axAeHna.
                                               O6e CTparernn npuBOAar K CHUxeHMHD 34>4>eKra
                                               ropoACKoro ren^oBoro ocrpoBa - B ropoAax reMneparypa
                                               6biBaer Ha 2-10 rpaAycos no OapenrePiTy Bbiiue, HBM
                                               B 6^n>KaPiiuMX ce/ibCKMX paPioHax. VKasaHHbie Mepbi
                                               Moryr orpam-iHMTb Hacrory, npoAo^xnTe^bHOCTb v\ cv\ny
                                               nepnoAOB npesMepno xapKoPi noroAbi.
                                               CrpaTernn no CHUxeHMio neperpesa, raKne KaK
                                               Mcno/ibsoBam-ie OTpaxaioinnx  «xo^oAHbix Kpbiiu» v\
                                               CBeTJibix rporyapoB, a raioKe nocaAKa AaHDinnx reHb
                                               AepeBbes, MMBIOT MHOxecTBO npenMymecTB. GTM Mepbi:
                                                            reMneparypy OKpyxaiomePi cpeAbi.
                                                             ren/ioByio peaKumo, npuBOAamyio K
                                                   o6pasoBaHMio osoHOBoro sarpasHenna.
                                                            noTpe6^eHne

                                                   riOBblUJaiOT KOMCjjOpT M KaH6CTBO XM3HM.

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   KaKMM oGpasoM npeswiepHO wapKaa noroAa  BjiwaeT Ha
   B HOpiviajibHbix yc/iOBi/iflx opraHMSM oxjia^flaerca caM sa CHGT yci/mem/ia npi/rroKa KPOBM K
  KOKG M o6pa30Bam/ifl noTa. 3a6ojieBam/ifl, CBasam-ibie c neperpeBOM, M CMepre/ibMbie cjiynai/i
           npOMCxoflflT, Korqa CMcreivia pery/iaum/i reMneparypbi rena neperpyxaerca.
               Korqa arc nponcxo,qiiT,  noTOOTflejiem/ifl MOKGT 6biTb HeflOCTaroHHO.
   BbicoKMe ypOBHM B/iaxHOCTM MoryT eme 6ojibiue sarpyuHMTb caMOOxnaxfleHMe opraHMSivia.
           Ana noxn^bix ^HDAePi (Aging Initiative)
           EPA pea^nsyerca Ana sainnrbi 3AopoBba
             i or BOSAePicTBuPi OKpyxahDinePi
nocpeACTBOM KoopAMHUpoBaHna HayHHbix
npo4>n^aKTMHecKMX CTparernPi n rocyaapcTBeHHoro
npocBemeHna. Bo^ee noApo6HyhD MHcfcopMaumo MOXHO
        , noceruB Be6-caPiT www.epa.gov/aging.
flpyrne CCBIJIKM
           no oxpane OKpyxahDinePi
(Environmental Protection Agency)
           no CHUxeHMHD 34>4>eKra ren/ioBoro ocrpoBa
(Heat Island Reduction Initiative)
http://www.epa.gov/heatisland
Uemp npo4>n^aKTMKM n Kompo/ia 3a6o^eBaHnPi
(Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
http://www.cdc.gov/aging/
http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/hsb/extremeheat
http://www.cdc.gov/MMWR

riepcneKTMBbi no samnre 3AopoBba or BpeAHoro
(Environmental Health Perspectives)
http://www.ehp.niehs.nih.gov
AiviepuKaHCKaa MeAnunHCKaa accounauna
(American Medical Association), Qonesnvt, CBasaHHbie c
neperpeBOM npn HpesBbinaPiHbix cuTyaunax
http://www.ama-assn.org
             Mereopo^ornHecKaa
(National Weather Service), Ten^oBaa so/ma n
noKasare^b reMneparypbi
http ://www. nws. noaa .gov/pa/secnews/heart/
OpraHnsauna Medicine Plus, Ten/ioBaa
http://www.niapublications.org/spnagepages/
hyperthermia-sp.asp
HauMOHanbHaa Mereopo^ornHecKaa
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/hazstats.shtml

ripoeicr no npeAynpexAeHMHD o ren^oBoPi
http://www.esig.ucar.edu/heat/literate.html


CCblJlKM
1.   Kalkstein, L.S. and J.S. Greene, 1997. Ouei-iKa
    BsanMOCBasn KnuMara n ypoBHa CMepTHOcru
    B KpynHbix ropoAax CLUA, a raioKe BOSMOXHoe
    BOSAePicTBue MSMeHeHna K^MMara. riepcneKTMBbi
    no samnre 3AopoBba or BpeAHoro BOSAePicTBua
    OKpyxaiomePi cpeAbi, 105(1 ):84-93.
2.   Uenrpbi npo4>n^aKTMKM n KOHTpo^a 3a6o;ieBaHi
-------