United States
                   Protection Agency
                   Washington, D.C.  20460
 Solid Waste
 and Emergency
 Response (5101)
 EPA 500-F-00-105
 May 2000
  \>EPA  Brownfields Assessment
                   Demonstration  Pilot
                                                              Laurinburg,  NC
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5105)
                   Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to  empower states, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. EPA is funding:  assessment demonstration pilot programs (each funded
up to $200,000 over two years), to assess brownfields sites and to test cleanup and redevelopment models; job training
pilot programs (each funded up to $200,000 over two years), to provide training for residents of communities affected
by brownfields to facilitate cleanup of brownfields sites and prepare trainees for future employment in the environmental
field; and, cleanup revolving loan fund programs (each funded up to $500,000 over five years) to capitalize loan funds
to make loans for the environmental cleanup of brownfields.  These pilot programs are intended to provide EPA, states,
tribes, municipalities, and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods
to promote a unified approach to site assessment, environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.

EPA has selected the  City of Laurinburg for a
Brownfields Pilot.  Laurinburg was also selected to
receive  additional funding for  assessments at
brownfields properties to be used for greenspace
purposes. The City of Laurinburg (population 15,681)
has an unemployment rate of 5.4 percent, with 30
percent of residents living below the poverty line. The
Carolina Central Railroad arrived in Laurinburg in the
1860s, fostering a brief period of rapid growth for the
town. The textiles industry arrived in the area in the
1870s and remains a major employer to this day.

Laurinburg experienced a 20-year period of economic
growth and expansion between the 1960s and the
1980s.  This expansion was the result of a national
trend, as industries moved into the union free and
relatively inexpensive southern "sun belt" from the
northern "rust belt." The expansion ended, and in the
1990s, it reversed as industries moved elsewhere in
search of less-expensive labor. In the past 2 !/> years,
the community has lost at least 765 jobs and $8.6
million dollars (to lostpayroll). In addition, the Scotland
Memorial Hospital, sold to a developer 15 years ago,
remains  vacant.   Because it is near a residential
neighborhood and in front of an elementary school,
the community has set a goal to redevelop the site.
    Laurinburg, NC
Date of Announcement:
May 2000

Amount: $200,000
Greenspace: $50,000

Profile: The City of Laurinburg
will conduct site assessments
and prepare redevelopment plans
for a variety of properties with
suspected contamination. The
city will use greenspace funding
to plan the development of
recreational and park space at
the Scotland Memorial Hospital
site and/orthe Main Street site.
 City Manager
 City of Laurinburg
 Regional Brownfields Team
 U.S. EPA-Region 4
     Visit the EPA Region 4 Brownfields web site at:
  For further information, including specific Pilot contacts,
 additional Pilot information, brownfields news and events, and
 publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:


The Pilot intends to assess former industrial sites for
potential contamination and formulate redevelopment
plans. Using greenspace funding, a plan also will be
developed to turn the Scotland Memorial Hospital site
into a park.  The City of Laurinburg plans to either
target sites for industrial redevelopment or to convert
them into greenspace.


Activities planned as a part of this Pilot include:

 Involving the entire community in decision making;

 Developing an inventory of available brownfield

 Establishing economic development and community

 Conducting Phase I and/or Phase II environmental
 site assessments on targeted sites;

 Developing integrated  redevelopment  plans  for
 assessed sites; and

 Developing plans for redeveloping  the  Scotland
 Memorial Hospital sites and/or Main Street site into
 recreation  and park space.

The cooperative agreementforthis Pilot has not yet been negotiated;
therefore, activities described in this fact sheet are subjectto change.
 Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot                                                  Laurinburg, NC
 May2000                                                                          EPA 500-F-00-105