United States
                      Protection Agency
                      Washington, D.C. 20460
 Solid Waste
 and Emergency
 Response (5105)
  EPA 500-F-01-329
  July 2001
    &EPA    Brownfields Assessment
                      Demonstration  Pilot
                                                                Cowpens, SC
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5105)
                   Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower states, communities,  and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. EPA is funding:  assessment demonstration pilot programs (each funded
up to $200,000 over two years), to assess brownfields sites and to test cleanup and redevelopment models; job training
pilot programs (each funded up to $200,000 over two years), to provide training for residents of communities affected
by brownfields to facilitate cleanup of brownfields sites and prepare trainees for future employment in the environmental
field; and, cleanup revolving loan fund programs (each funded up to $500,000 over five years) to capitalize loan funds
to make loans for the environmental cleanup of brownfields. These pilot programs are intended to provide EPA, states,
tribes, municipalities, and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods
to promote a  unified approach to site assessment, environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.

EPA selected the Town of Cowpens foraBrownfields
Pilot. Cowpens established atextile mill at the turn of
the century, and chemicals were increasingly used to
advance the industry. In the late 1960s, amajortextile
dying and finishing company moved into the area. In
1990, the company declared bankruptcy, closed the
facility, and left town, eliminating 400 jobs in the
process. The closing of this facility, complicated by
possible environmental  contamination and on-site
vandalism, has had a devastating economic impact on
the town.

The Pilot-targeted site is an abandoned, 228,000-
square-foot textile facility located on 70 acres within
the town limits. Economic problems faced by Cowpens
include unemployment and low wages. Of the town's
930 households, 261 have no earnings, and the average
per capita income is $9,844.  For the past nine years,
the town has not received property taxes from the
abandoned facility. Several industrial prospects have
investigated the site, but have chosennotto redevelop
it based on initial  investigations  and unknown
environmental conditions, including  possible
groundwater and soil contamination.
                   Dateof Award: September 1997

                   Amount: $200,000

                   Profile: The Pilottargetsa228,000-
                   located on 70 acres.
 Cowpens, South Carolina

Town of Cowpens
U.S. EPA-Region 4
     Visit the EPA Region 4 Brownfields web site at:

   For further information, including specific Pilot contacts,
 additional Pilot information, brownfields news and events, and
 publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:

Cowpens' objective is to obtain technical assistance
to evaluate and assess environmental contamination
in the Pilot area. Extensive testing was initiated at the
site,  but further site assessment is necessary.  The
Pilot will also help identify methods to fund cleanup
and develop a comprehensive reuse strategy.

The Pilot has:
 Conducted the first Cowpens Brownfields Pilot
  Town Meeting in the elementary school across the
  street  from  the Pilot site [the mayor,  EPA
  representatives,  South Carolina  Department of
  Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) officials,
  and University of  South  Carolina  (USC)
  representatives participated and answered questions
  by the residents surrounding the targeted site]; and
 Collected 30 hydrosparge samples  to  assess a
  contaminated groundwater plume. Hydrosparging
  is a technique used to characterize the plume of
  contaminants in a shallow aquifer.
The Pilot is:
 Conducting site assessments and developing apian
  for cleanup and redevelopment; and
 Conducting community outreach.
Experience with the Cowpens Pilot has been a catalyst
for related activities, including the following:

 The Pilot received a commitment by the Center for
 Manufacturing and Technology at USC to assist the
 Town of Cowpens in a redevelopment study. The
 center will determine the feasibility of developing an
 eco-industrial park.
 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducted
 approximately $40,000  worth of  assessment
 activities, which includedhydrosparging.
 The Center for Economic  and Community
 Development at USC  Spartanburg completed an
 economic baseline study of the Town  of Cowpens
 relative to the rest of Spartanburg County for Pilot
 A local company removed 85 drums of hazardous
 materials from the target site at its  own cost; the
 cleanup cost for the company was estimated at
 between $25,000 and $50,000.
 A local environmental company performed  an
 asbestos survey for the targeted site at no cost.
 A Cowpens brownfields web page was developed
 for the town's web site.
 The Pilot-leveraged redevelopment dollars to date
 total approximately $800,000.
 The town received a $500,000 Brownfields Cleanup
 Revolving Loan Fund Pilot grant from EPA.
 Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot
 July 2001
                          Cowpens, South Carolina
                              EPA 500-F-01-329