United States
                       Protection Agency
                       Washington, D.C. 20460
                         Solid Waste
                         and Emergency
                         Response (5101)
April 1997
National   Brownfields
Assessment  Pilot
  Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                                        Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower States, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. Between 1995 and 1996, EPA funded 76 National and Regional Brownfields
Assessment Pilots, at up to $200,000 each, to support creative two-year explorations and demonstrations of brownfields
solutions. EPAis funding morethan 27 Pilots in 1997. The Pilots are intended to provide EPA, States, Tribes, municipalities,
and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to  seek new methods to promote a unified
approach to site assessment, environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.

EPA has selected the City  of Wilmington as a
Brownfields Pilot.  Industrial  development in
Wilmington began during the industrial revolution of
the  1800s and was centered along the Brandywine
and Christina Rivers. Recent studies by the Delaware
Brownfields Assessment Program have indicated that
most of the brownfields located along these rivers are
contaminated. Brownfields areas include Cherry
Island, the East Seventh Street Peninsula, the Port of
Wilmington vicinity,  South  Madison Street, Bell
Alley, Browntown, and Todds Lane. In addition,
smaller isolated commercial and industrial properties
are  potentially contaminated. The communities
adjacent to these brownfields areas are comprised of
low-to-moderate income families experiencing higher
than average unemployment.  Poverty rates in these
areas range from 12 to 66 percent, and unemployment
ranges from 6 to 20 percent.

There  are approximately  1,750 acres  of vacant,
abandoned, under-used, and contaminated properties
in the city. This reduction in  the area available for
development limits the amount of tax revenue and
employment opportunities that can be generated. The
City will conduct an inventory and environmental
assessment of the properties as part of the City's plans
leading to redevelopment and revitalization of its
urban core.
                         PILOT SNAPSHOT
                         Wilmington, Delaware
  Date of Award:
  April 1997

  Amount: $200,000

  Site Profile: The pilot will
  focus on 1,750 acres of
  abandoned or under-used
  contaminated industrial
  property along the
  Brandywine and Christina

                       Emery C. Graham, Jr.
                       City/County Building
  Tom Stolle
  U.S. EPA-Region 3
                               Visit the EPA Brownfields Website at:


Wilmington's objectives for the pilot are to create an
inventory of brownfields sites; increase neighborhood
capacity to participate in redevelopment decision-
making; plan for cleanup funding; and conduct
outreach activities to educate site owners and potential
developers, investors, and lenders about brownfields
redevelopment incentives.


Activities planned as part of this pilot include:

• Developing a cleanup and redevelopment planning
 database that includes an inventory of all industrial
 and commercial sites at which contamination may
 be present;

• Encouraging  neighborhood participation in
 redevelopment planning and environmental justice
 activities; and

• Establishing a  brownfields remediation loan pro-
 gram and working to secure Community Reinvest-
 ment Act funding for the program.

The cooperative agreement for this Pilot has not yet been
negotiated; therefore,  activities described in this fact
sheet are subject to change.
  National Brownfields Assessment Pilot                                                Wilmington, Delaware
  April 1997                                                                        EPA 500-F-97-124