vvEPA
United States
Environmental Protection Agency
          Air and Radiation
          (6205J)
   EPA430-H-02-001
   August 2002
   www.epa.gov/sunwise
 Did you know
         ... that the majority of your child's lifetime
         sun exposure occurs before he or she
         graduates from high school?
         ... that any change in the natural color of
         your child's skin after time outside indicates
         damage from the sun's ultraviolet (UV)  rays?
         ... that all people, regardless of skin or eye
         color, are equally at risk for eye damage from
         overexposure to the sun?

The Environmental Protection Agency's SunWise School Program needs you to help reinforce the important
sun safety messages your child is learning in school. You can help your son or daughter learn the difference
between being SunWise and SunFooIish by...
   -.&- Being SunWise yourself! Children learn from the behavior you model.
   --&- Always having and using a sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 15. Make sure a
      bottle of SPF 15+ sunscreen is easily available year-round. It's not just for days at the beach!
   *Y~ Reminding your children to follow these SunWise action steps:
    '   \

 Limit Time in
the Midday Sun
   Cover Up
     Seek Shade
   Wear Sunglasses
  that Block 99-100%
    of UV Radiation
 Always Use Sunscreen
(Keep in mind, using sunscreen
 does not mean it is safe to
 spend more time in the sun.)
                                                '  l\
  Avoid Sunlamps and
    Tanning Parlors
 Wear a Hat
Watch for the
  UV Index

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Are  you   SunWise   or  SunFoolish?
                                      TRUE OR FALSE?

1,  The thicker the ozone layer, the more it protects us from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays	True    False
2,  Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are chemicals that are eating away at the ozone layer.  	True    False
3,  Ozone layer damage is permanent	True    False
4,  Sun protection isn't needed on cloudy days because clouds block ultraviolet rays	True    False
5,  I can get a safe tan in a tanning parlor	True    False
6,  Early morning and late afternoons are the worst times for exposure to UV rays	True    False
7,  UV rays are blocked by cold weather.  	True    False
8,  African Americans and Latinos don't need to worry about sun damage to their skin	True    False
9,  UV rays can damage your eyes	True    False
10, A blistering sunburn when  you're young can greatly increase your risk of skin cancer.	True    False
11, You should always choose sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15 or greater   . . .True    False
12, The key to protecting your  skin and eyes is to keep them covered	True    False
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    HOW DID YOU  DO?
                                 Give yourself 1 point for each correct answer. If you scored...
    10-12 points:
    YOU'RE SUNWISE! Make sure you use
    your "SunWisdom" when you're outside!
6-9 points:                         0-5 points:
YOU'RE SUN-SO-SO. You know some    YOU'RE SUNFOOLISH. Watch out -
of the basics, but need some brushing up.   what you don't know CAN hurt you!

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SunWise  SunScramble
                                                         
  Unscramble the circled letters to find the SunWise word:
Cross Word Puzzle Clues

ACROSS:
1. Overexposure to the sun can cause skin
  cancer, eye damage, and these
2. UV stands for	.
3. A natural source of sun protection
4. Naturally occurring gas that is found in
  two layers of the atmosphere
5. Type of dangerous ultraviolet radiation
  associated with sunlamps in tanning parlors
DOWN:
1. The gas from CFCs that attacks ozone
2. EPA school program that promotes sun safety
3.	may reduce UV levels, but
  not completely
4. Eye damage that occurs as a result of
  sun overexposure
5. The most serious form of skin cancer
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SunWise  Facts
How Can Too Much Sun Harm You?
    It's fun to play in the sun, but did you know that too much sun can be dangerous?

    If you've ever had a painful sunburn, you've experienced one of the harmful
    effects of overexposure to the sun's ULTRAVIOLET (UV) RADIATION.

    In addition to causing premature and excessive wrinkling of the skin, overexposure
    to UV can cause more serious health effects, too, such as skin cancer and eye damage,
    including cataracts.

    Young people are particularly at risk of overexposure, since most of the average
    person's lifetime exposure happens before the age of 18.

    The good news is that UV-related health effects are largely preventable by establishing
    sun protection habits while you're young and staying sun-safe throughout your life.
                      Why Is Being SunWise Even More Important

                      Now Than When Your Parents Were Your Age?

                                To answer this question, you need to know a little about the
                                  earth's environment.

                                  The OZONE layer is a thin shield in the atmosphere that protects
                                  us from the sun. It wraps all the way around the Earth, and can
                                  be found about 10 to 30 miles straight up.

                                  From the beginning of time, the OZONE layer has blocked much of
                                 the sun's dangerous UV rays from reaching us, and it continues to
                               keep UV RADIATION from harming life on the planet.

                      The ozone layer's big enemy is CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS, or
                      "CFCs." CFCs are chemicals humans invented and use
                      in things like refrigerators and air conditioners. CFCs
                      only become harmful when they leak into the air. The
                      CHLORINE in CFCs eats away at the ozone layer. As the
                      OZONE layer gets thinner, more and more harmful  UV
                      RAYS reach the Earth's surface. That's not only bad for
                      humans, but also for plants and animals. It can cause a chain
                      reaction among many things that live and breathe  in the oceans
                      or on land: if tiny fish and plants that are on the bottom of the
                      food chain are destroyed or damaged by the UV RAYS, bigger
                      fish and animals that rely on these smaller things for food could
                      starve and die, too.

                      Humans are taking steps to reduce the amount of CFCs that leak into the
                      atmosphere. This should help "repair" the ozone layer, but unfortunately that
                      could take years. In the meantime, the OZONE LAYER is thinner, and more
                      harmful UV RAYS are reaching you than when your parents were your age.
                      SO WHAT CAN YOU DO?
                       Don't Waif Til It's Too Late

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