&EPA
                   United States
                   Environmental
                   Protection Agency
                   Washington, D.C.  20460
                           Solid Waste
                           and Emergency
                           Response (5101)
      EPA 500-F-98-144
      May 1998
                                 Assessment
Demonstration  Pilot
                                         Jackson,  MS
  Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                                             Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower states, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. Since 1995, EPA has funded more than 150 Brownfields Assessment
Demonstration Pilots,  at up to $200,000 each, to support creative two-year explorations and demonstrations of
brownfields solutions.  The Pilots are intended to provide EPA, states, tribes, municipalities, and communities with
useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods to promote a unified approach to site
assessment, environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.
BACKGROUND

EPA has selected the City of Jackson for a Brownfields
Pilot.  Jackson (population 193,000) is located in
south-central Mississippi, and is the state capital. The
Pilot targets the Parish Street  Historic  District
(population 4,816), a 16-square-mile area located
adjacent to Jackson's central business district. The
target area is within the city's Enterprise Community
Strategic Planning Zone and is anchored by the oldest
intactpre-civil rights African-American neighborhood
in the nation. Ninety-seven percent of the residents
are minorities, and 60.8% live below the poverty line.
Median annual household income in the target area is
$7,551, less than one-third of the median income of
Jackson.

Recent interest in redevelopment of the target area
has been spurred by the area's historic value and the
nearby location of a recently announced $17.5 million
telecommunications conference center. Three major
housing and redevelopment initiatives are underway
in the district; however, none of these address  the
district's abandoned commercial and industrial sites.
These old and vacant properties (e.g., abandoned
warehouses with contaminated loading docks, furniture
companies, metal works, dry cleaners, rail yards, and
agin mill) effectively form barriers to investment and
redevelopment across the district. Environmental
                             PILOT SNAPSHOT
                                                 Date of Announcement:
                                                 May 1998

                                                 Amount: $200,000

                                                 Profile: The Pilot targets
                                                 brownfields in the Parish
                                                 Street Historic District, a
                                                 16-square-mile area
                                                 adjacent to the city's
                                                 central businessdistrict.
                              Jackson, Mississippi
                           Contacts:

                           Office of the Mayor
                           City of Jackson
                           (601)960-1084
Regional Brownfields Team
U.S. EPA-Region 4
(404) 562-8923
                                 Visit the EPA Region 4 Brownfields web site at:
                                 http://www.epa.gov/region4/wastepgs/
                                        brownfpgs/bf.htm

                               Forfurtherinformation, including specific Pilot contacts,
                             additional Pilot information, brownfields news and events, and
                             publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:
                                   http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/

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concerns have hindered the progress of redevelopment
efforts and other long-term sustainable redevelopment
projects. Brownfields cleanup and redevelopment
are therefore vital to Jackson's plans for the district.

OBJECTIVES

The city's objective is to use the Pilot as a working
model for the redevelopment of brownfields sites in
historic and culturally unique neighborhoods. The
proj ect strategy includes the following: 1) site selection
andassessment;2)redevelopmentbarrieridentification
and creating  measures for change; 3)  community
involvement; and 4) coordination  of cleanup and
redevelopmentactivities. The Pilot will work with its
cooperative partners, EPA and the state Department
of Environmental Quality. In addition, the Pilot will
leverage resources and assistance from private and
other public  partners.   All these  efforts rely  on
developing working partnerships that will also serve
as models for cleanup and redevelopment of other
brownfields throughout the city.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND ACTIVITIES

Activities planned as part of this Pilot include:

 Assembling an inventory of potential brownfields
 sites in the district foruse in ageographic information
 system (GIS);

 Selecting priority sites based on benefit to the
 community, appropriate land use, redevelopment
 potential, nature and extent of contamination, type of
 ownership, and replicability;

 Conducting Phase I and Phase II site assessments
 at priority sites;

 Identifying and  removing barriers to cleanup and
 redevelopment, including developing working models
 to attract investment; and

 Developing interactive and  dialogue-building
 communication initiatives  that both educate and
 involve the community.

The cooperative agreement for this Pilot has not yet been
negotiated; therefore, activities described in this fact sheet
are subject to change.
  Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot                                             Jackson, Mississippi
  May 1998                                                                        EPA500-F-98-144

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