State Innovation  Grant
                    Michigan Environmental  Results  Program
                    (MERP)  - Dry  Cleaning Sector
The EPA State Innovation Grant Program was established in 2002 to help strengthen EPA's innovation partnerships
with States and Tribes and is a direct result of the Agency's innovation strategy, Innovating for Better Environmental
Results: A Strategy to Guide the Next Generation of Innovation at EPA (
To support the Innovation Strategy, the 2002 grant program focused its efforts on projects that related to one of
four priority issues: reducing greenhouse gases, reducing smog, improving water quality, and reducing the cost
of drinking water or wastewater infrastructure.  In addition, EPA sought projects that test incentives that motivate
"beyond-compliance" environmental performance, or move whole sectors toward improved environmental
performance. This series of fact sheets features the State projects selected for funding under the Grant Program.
Teresa Kinder
MDEQ-ESSD, 525 West Megan Street,
Lansing, MI  48909-7973,
Jennifer Ostermeier
US EPA Region 5; Chicago, IL,
Scott Bowles
US EPA National Center for Environmental
Innovation, Washington, DC

The dry cleaning industry is subject to both federal and state
environmental regulations pertaining to air, water, and solid and
hazardous waste generation.  With regards to air quality, dry
cleaners are subject to the federal National Emission Standard
for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) or New Source
Performance Standard (NSPS). The Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality (MDEQ) regulatory divisions recognize
that there is a need to work more closely with the dry cleaning
industry to improve their understanding of and compliance with
all applicable environmental regulations,  especially the
monitoring, record keeping and waste characterization
requirements. The MDEQ plans to incorporate the air, water
and waste requirements for the dry cleaner sector into a multi-
media, self-certification, compliance assistance package through
the Michigan Environmental Results Program (MERP).
MDEQ is proposing to pilot the MERP as a voluntary program.

                                                           NATIONAL CENTER FOR
                                                           ENVIRONMENTAL INNOVATION

Project Description

The Michigan DEQ will work with hundreds of
small businesses in the dry cleaning sector to
implement an Environmental Results Program based
upon similar programs in other states.
The dry cleaner self-certification project will use
MDEQ resources and leverage outside community
partners including USEPA Region 5, local trade
associations,  community  organizations, businesses
and economic development agencies. The MDEQ
will take a multi-media approach to prepare fact
sheets, self-assessment checklists, a workbook for
guidance on how to complete the self-assessment
checklists  and compliance assistance tools for the
dry cleaning establishments on pollution prevention,
solid and hazardous waste generation, air and water
pollution (including release  notification). MDEQ will
provide additional training through on-site
assessments and workshops. The tools and process
will also be available as models for other states.
Project implementation  begins with the initial
compliance  inspection  assessment by MDEQ to
determine the  baseline compliance rate. After the
baseline assessment, MDEQ provides a self-assessment
checklist  and workbook to  each  dry  cleaner
establishment. Owners are  encouraged to participate
with the MERP project in lieu of pursuing a traditional
permitting approach. The participating establishments
must complete  and submit multi-media self-certified
checklists to  MDEQ. The dry cleaners correct any
observed deviations with the aid of a return  to
compliance (RTC) plan. The RTC plans are submitted
along with the  self-certification package to MDEQ.
MDEQ reviews the checklists  and RTC plans and a
post inspection  list is developed. Both the baseline and
post inspections are multi-media inspections.
             Benefits of the Project
             The benefits realized as a result of the MERP will be
             to eliminate traditional time-consuming and
             expensive permit application and review process for
             both the facility and MDEQ, produce a greater level
             of continuous compliance,  increase compliance
             resulting in a reducted environmental and public
             health exposures to toxic substances, minimize
             traditional inspection time through die use of multi-
             media compliance and enforcement tools, and
             provide an enhanced level of compliance assistance
             to all facilities so that each facility will know their
             compliance status.

             Project Plan
             The program is set to run three years.
United States
Environmental Protection
Office of Policy,
Economics and Innovation
   January 2005