United States
Environmental Protection
The Presidential
Green Chemistry Challenge
Awards Program
             vJomination Package for
            2007 Awards

       Closing Date: December 31, 2006
  Recycled/Recyclatele—Printed with Vegetable-Oil Based Irt^s or^100% Postconsumer, Process Chlorine Free Recycled Paper

Office of Pollution
Prevention and Toxics (7406M)
June 2006

The Presidential  Green Chemistry
Challenge Awards Program:
Nomination Package for 2007 Awards

 Introduction	1

 Scope of the Program	1

 Additional Requirements	 1

 Focus Areas	2

 Award Categories	2

 Selection Criteria	3

 How to Enter	4

Judging Entries	 6

 Notification of Winners	 6

 Additional Information	 6

 Footnotes	 6

 Award Nomination Checklist	7


The  Presidential  Green  Chemistry

Challenge  Awards  Program

Nomination Package for 2007 Awards

    lished to recognize and promote innovative chemical technologies that pre-
vent pollution and that have broad applicability in industry. The Challenge is
sponsored by the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics of the United States
Environmental Protection Agency in partnership with the American Chemical
Society and other members of the chemical community.

   This nomination package contains concise instructions on how to enter the
competition. The program is open to all individuals, groups, and organizations
in the United States, both nonprofit and for profit,  including  academia and
industry. Entries must be sent no later than December 31.  Awards will be pre-
sented the following summer in Washington, D.C.

    The Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge recognizes chemical technolo-
    gies that incorporate the principles of green chemistry into chemical design,
manufacture, and use. For the purposes of the program,  green chemistry is
defined as "the use of chemistry for source reduction". Source reduction is the
highest tier of the risk management hierarchy as described in the Pollution
Prevention Act of 1990.'

   Green chemistry reduces or eliminates the use or  generation of hazardous
substances from chemical  products and processes. Green  chemistry improves
upon all  types of chemical  products and processes by reducing impacts  on
human health and the environment relative to the current state of the art.

   In green chemistry, health and environmental effects are important through-
out a technology's lifecycle. Green chemistry technologies, therefore, encompass
all types  of chemical processes including  syntheses, catalyses, reaction condi-
tions, separations, analyses, and monitoring. A green chemistry technology can
involve implementing incremental improvements at any stage. It can, for exam-
ple, substitute a greener feedstock, reagent, catalyst, or solvent in an existing syn-
thetic pathway.  A green chemistry technology also can involve  substituting an
improved product or an entire synthetic pathway.  Ideally, a green  chemistry
technology incorporates the principles of green chemistry at the  earliest design
stages of a new product or process.

    The nominated green chemistry technology must have reached  a significant
    milestone within the past five years (e.g., been researched,  demonstrated,
implemented, applied, patented, etc.).  It must also have a significant component
within the United States.

   EPA's  Office of Pollution  Prevention and Toxics is  particularly interested in
technologies that reduce or eliminate the following: lead; mercury; perfluorinat-
ed alkyl surfactants; polychlorinated or polybrominated biphenyls; or other per-
sistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic substances.
 Scope of the

Focus Areas
Iominated green chemistry technologies  should be an example of one or
more of the following three focus areas:
    1.  The use of greener synthetic pathways

       This focus area involves implementing a novel, green pathway for a new
       chemical product.  It can also involve using a novel, green pathway to
       redesign the synthesis of an existing chemical product. Examples include
       synthetic pathways that:
       •  Use greener feedstocks  that are innocuous or renewable (e.g., bio-
          mass, natural oils).
       •  Use novel reagents or catalysts, including biocatalysts and microor-
       •  Are natural processes, such as fermentation or biomimetic synthesis.
       •  Are atom-economical.
       •  Are convergent syntheses.

    2.  The use of greener reaction conditions

       This focus area involves improving conditions other than the overall de-
       sign or  redesign of a synthesis. Examples  include reaction conditions
       •  Replace hazardous solvents with solvents that have a reduced impact
          on human health and the environment.
       •  Use solventless reaction conditions and solid-state reactions.
       •  Use novel processing methods.
       •  Eliminate energy-  or material-intensive  separation and purification
       •  Improve energy efficiency, including reactions running closer to
          ambient conditions.

    3.  The design of greener  chemicals

       This focus area involves designing chemical products that are less haz-
       ardous than the products or technologies they replace. Examples include
       chemical products that are:
       •  Less toxic than current products.
       •  Inherently  safer with regard to accident potential.
       •  Recyclable or biodegradable after use.
       •  Safer for the atmosphere (e.g., do not deplete ozone or form smog).

   Many green chemistry technologies fit into more than one focus area.
Choose a primary focus area that best fits your technology and list any other
appropriate focus areas. Technologies that do not  fit within at least one focus
area may not be within the scope of the program.

    Typically, the U.S.  EPA presents one award in  each of the following cate-
    •  Small Business: A  small business  for  a green chemistry technology in
       any of the three focus areas.
    •  Academic: An academic investigator for a technology in any of the three
       focus areas.

   •   Focus Area 1: An industry sponsor for a technology in focus area 1 (the
       use of greener synthetic pathways).
   •   Focus Area 2: An industry sponsor for a technology in focus area 2 (the
       use of greener reaction conditions).
   •   Focus Area 3: An industry sponsor for a technology in focus area 3 (the
       design of greener chemicals).

    Nominated chemistry technologies must fall within the scope of the program.
    Technologies that meet the scope will then be judged on how well they meet
the following criteria:

   1.   Science and innovation

       The nominated chemistry technology should be innovative and of scien-
       tific merit. The technology should be, for example:
       •  Original (i.e., never employed before).
       •  Scientifically valid. That is, can the nominated technology or strate-
          gy stand up to scientific scrutiny through peer review? Does the nom-
          ination contain enough chemical detail to prove its scientific validity?
          Has the mechanism of action been  thoroughly elucidated through
          sound scientific research?

   2.   Human health and environmental benefits

       The nominated chemistry technology should offer human health and/or
       environmental benefits. The technology might, for example:
       •  Reduce toxicity (acute or chronic) or the potential for illness or injury
          to humans, animals, or plants.
       •  Reduce flammability or explosion potential.
       •  Reduce the use or generation of hazardous substances, the transport
          of hazardous substances, or releases to air, water, or land.
       •  Improve the use of natural resources, for example, by substituting a
          renewable feedstock for a petrochemical feedstock.

   3.   Applicability

       The nominated chemistry technology should have  a significant impact.
       The technology may be broadly applicable to many chemical processes
       or industries; alternatively, it may have great impact on a narrow range
       of chemistry.  The nominated technology should  offer at least the fol-
       •  A practical, cost-effective approach to green chemistry.
       •  A remedy to a real environmental or human health problem.
       •  One or more technical innovations that can be transferred readily to
          other  processes, facilities, or industry sectors.

   IMPORTANT: To make the strongest presentation of your technology
for the judges, you should include as much detail (nonproprietary) as pos-
sible  in your nomination.  The judges  will  pay close  attention to the
specifics of your  chemistry,  including detailed reaction  pathways, com-
parisons to  existing technology,  toxicity data, quantities  of hazardous
substances reduced or eliminated,  degree  of implementation  in com-
merce,  and other technical, human health, environmental, and econom-
ic benefits.
Selection Criteria

How to Enter
   Self-nominations are allowed and expected. There is no entry fee and no stan-
   dard  entry  form, but  nominations  must meet certain requirements.
Nominations must be single-spaced and no longer than eight pages, with type no
smaller than 12-point. When printed on 8V2-by-ll-inch paper, they must have
margins of at least 1 inch. Nominations that do not meet these requirements may
be rejected by EPA. Nominations may include chemical reactions, tables, graphs,
photographs, and other illustrations. Although nominations may be in color, the
judges may read the nominations  printed  in  black  and white. Nominations
should not, therefore, require color for interpretation.

   A nomination must include the following:

    1.  A cover  page with the project tide followed by the date of the nomina-
       tion  and the complete names (with titles as appropriate), addresses, tele-
       phone numbers,  and email addresses  of the  following individuals or

       Primary sponsor(s): the individual or organizational owner of the tech-
       nology.  For  academic nominations, the primary sponsor is usually the
       principal investigator.

       Contact person(s): the individual who is responsible for communicating
       with the  awards program sponsors. For academic  nominations, the con-
       tact person is usually the principal investigator. For other nominations,
       the contact should be a project manager or other technical representative.

       Contributors: those  individuals or  organizations that have provided
       financial or technical support for development or implementation of the
       nominated technology.    Providing  information on contributor (s)  is

   EPA will add the people listed as sponsors and contacts to a contact database.
EPA periodically sends reminders and updates about the program to those in this

    2.  The  second page  should contain the following information:
       •  Project title.
       •  Short description of the most recent milestone (s), with date(s), that the
          nominated technology  has  reached  within  the past  five  years.
          Examples include, but are not limited to: critical discovery made,
          results published, patent application submitted or approved, pilot
          plant constructed, and technology implemented or  commercialized.
          Only one milestone is required.
       •  Statement indicating whether the nominated technology is eligible for
          the small business award, the academic award, or both.
       •  Statement indicating which one of the three focus areas best describes
          the nominated technology (i.e., the primary focus area). If the nomi-
          nated technology falls within more  than one focus area, you may
          include the secondary focus  area(s).
       •  If the nominated technology involves international  or multinational
          collaboration: Description of the  aspects of the  technology that
          occurred within the U.S. during the past five years.

       •  An abstract not to exceed 300 words that describes the nominated
          technology. Consider including information about the problem your
          technology addresses and the benefits of your technology. EPA plans
          to publish  these abstracts in its annual Summary of Award Entries
          and Recipients booklet.

    3.  The third page should consist of a one-page executive summary of the
       nominated technology. Please repeat the project title on this page.  For
       the winning technologies, EPA plans to publish this summary in its
       Award Recipients booklet, on its website, and in its Summary of Award
       Entries and Recipients booklet.

    4.  The remaining pages should explain in detail how the  nominated tech-
       nology meets the scope of the program and the selection criteria (see
       pages 1-2). Explain the following:
       •  The chemistry of the new technology, emphasizing how the technol-
          ogy is innovative and of scientific merit. Consider including chemi-
          cal structure diagrams rather than using simple text to describe your
          chemistry.  Patent numbers  or references to peer-reviewed publica-
          tions may also strengthen your nomination. The judges recognize the
          interdisciplinary nature  of green chemistry. To  be eligible for an
          award, however, your technology must include a significant chem-
          istry component, even though it is  probably the result of collabora-
          tions with engineers, biologists, toxicologists, etc.
       •  The problem (environmental or human health risk) that your tech-
          nology addresses and how your technology solves the problem.

   In addition, EPA strongly encourages you to compare the cost, performance,
and environmental profile of your technology with any competing technologies.
This may help you demonstrate the broad applicability of your technology.

   You may include structure diagrams, tables,  and other graphics. You may use
color in your nomination, but be aware that the nomination may be printed in
black and white,  so information in color may be illegible.

   There is no limit on the number  of nominations that EPA will accept from
any one sponsor. A sponsor must, however,  submit each nomination separately.

   All entries received will be considered public information. No material will
be returned. Program  sponsors are not responsible for lost or damaged entries.
EPA acknowledges  receipt of nominations, usually by email.  If you have not
received an  acknowledgment  by mid-January, please contact the Green
Chemistry Program at greenchemistry@epa.gov or (202) 564-8740.

   Submit an  electronic copy  of the nomination with the  primary sponsor's
name in the file name. It may be to your advantage to submit your nomination
as a .pdf file to minimize possible reading errors, but EPA accepts and is able to
read all common file  types.  The electronic  copy may be  emailed to green-
chemistry@epa.gov (preferred) or sent on a floppy disk, Zip™ disk, or CD, clear-
ly labeled with the sponsor, computer format (Windows or Macintosh), and file
name(s). The nomination must be sent no later than December 31.

Judging Entries
Notification of
   Note: Irradiation of Federal mail may damage electronic media. To send a
disk, please use a package delivery service and the following address:

   Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge
   Attn: Richard Engler
   U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
   EPA East, Room 5133
   1201 Constitution Ave., NW
   Washington, DC 20004
   Telephone: 202-564-8740

A    panel of technical experts selected by the American Chemical Society will
     judge the nominations. These experts might include members of the scien-
tific, industrial, governmental, educational, and environmental communities. The
judges may request verification of any chemistry described or claims made in
nominations that are selected as finalists. The judges will select award recipients
based on the  green chemistry technologies that best meet the selection criteria.

      Winners will be notified prior to the official public announcement, which will
      be made in summer 2007, in Washington, DC. A crystal sculpture will be
presented to the primary sponsor(s) of the winning green chemistry technology
in each of the five award categories. Certificates will be presented to individuals
(as identified  by the primary sponsor) who contributed to the research, develop-
ment, or implementation of the chemistry.

/'"Xuestions about eligibility, nomination procedures, or the Presidential Green
V^/ Chemistry Challenge program should be directed to EPA's Industrial
Chemistry Branch at greenchemistry@epa.gov or (202) 564-8740.
                            'Pertinent sections of the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990: Sec. 6601.
                            SHORT TITLE. This subtitle may be cited as the "Pollution Prevention
                            Act of 1990." Sec. 6602. FINDINGS AND POLICY.
                                (b) Policy. - "The Congress hereby declares it to be the national policy of
                                the United States that pollution should be prevented or reduced at the
                                source whenever feasible."
                            Sec. 6603.  DEFINITIONS. For the purposes  of this  subtitle -"(5)(A)  The
                                term "source reduction" means  any practice which:
                            (i) reduces the amount of any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant
                         entering any waste stream or otherwise  released into the environment (including
                         fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal, and
                            (ii) reduces the hazards to public health and the environment associated with
                         the release of such substances, pollutants, or contaminants."

                            2A small business is defined here as one with annual sales of less than $40 mil-
                         lion,  including all domestic and foreign sales by the company, its subsidiaries,
                         and its parent company.

   lease use the format below for the cover page of your nomination
                                           Sample Cover
                         Title of Nomination
                         Date of Nomination
   Academic Sponsors:
   Primary Sponsor (s):
   Full Name (Primary Investigator)

   Contact Person(s):
   Full name

   Contributor (s): (optional)
   Individuals and/or organizations
Business Sponsors:

Primary Sponsor (s):
Company Name
Full Name (optional)
Tide (optional)

Contact Person(s):
Full name

Contributor (s): (optional)
Individuals and/or organizations
Your nomination should include die following components: (see "How to Enter,"
page 4, for details)

D Cover page
D Short description of die most recent milestone (s) and date(s).
D Statement indicating whetiier die nomination is eligible for an award in the
  academic category, die small business category, or botii.
D Statement identifying die primary focus area for the nominated technology
  and any secondary focus area(s).
D For international or multinational collaborations: Statement of the activities
  tiiat took place witiiin die United States during die past five years.
D Abstract (300 words or fewer).
D Executive summary (limit: one page).
D Description of nominated technology (5 pages or fewer).
Note: EPA requires only an electronic copy of each nomination; it no longer
requires a hard copy.


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