Clean Automotive Technology...
Innovation that Works
          EPA and BorgWarner to Develop Fuel Efficient Technology
        a  A new technology partnership known as a Cooperative Research and Development
           Agreement (CRADA) between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and
           BorgWarner, Inc. was announced on April 18, 2006. The partnership will evaluate
           and determine the commercial viability of newly advanced turbochargers, air
           management, and sensors for use with diesel and high-efficiency gasoline engines.

        a  The initial efforts of the CRADA calls for EPA and BorgWarner to evaluate the
           technical and market potential of advanced turbocharger technologies designed to
           preserve and extend the diesel engine's efficiency, as these engines achieve the next
           generation of diesel emissions requirements.

        a  The technical challenge has been to make these high-efficiency engines clean
           and cost-effective, while maintaining or improving efficiency. These advanced
           turbocharging technologies are an extremely attractive part of a suite of technologies
           that enable both diesel and high-efficiency gasoline engines to reduce U.S.
           dependence on foreign oil and to reduce emission of greenhouse gases.

        a  Through the partnership, EPA and BorgWarner will evaluate these advanced
           automotive components that can allow the automotive and trucking industry to
           utilize EPAs Clean Diesel Combustion (CDC), as well as  Homogeneous Charge-
           Compression Ignition (HCCI) gasoline combustion technologies.

        a  Broad industry interest in EPAs Clean Diesel Combustion has accelerated the  need
           for more advanced air-boosting systems than are used in today's diesel.

        a  In order to meet the progressive requirements for advanced turbocharging and
           boosting systems, BorgWarner and EPA have been working jointly on innovative
           systems for use with CDC and other clean combustion engine technologies.

        a  These advanced air management systems provide the technical approaches and
           hardware necessary for ultra-clean diesel engines and gasoline engines to become as
           efficient as diesel engines.
      April 2006

a  The advanced enabling technologies, along with CDC and other clean high-efficiency
    gasoline combustion technologies are being created in EPA's Ann Arbor Laboratory.
    BorgWarner and EPA will work to quickly evaluate and develop these concepts into
    commercially viable advanced turbocharger, air management, and sensor hardware.

a  Successful commercialization of these advanced components will result in the use of
    more diesel and high-efficiency gasoline vehicles in the United States -which will:
         Reduce emissions, thereby helping to clean up the environment
         Save consumers money at the pump by reducing fuel consumption
         Reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, thereby increasing national security.
                                                                              April 2006                                               EPA420-F-06-032