United States
                      Protection Agency
                      Washington, D.C.  20460
 Solid Waste
 and Emergency
 Response (5105)
  EPA 500-F-01-334
  July 2001
    &EPA    Brownfields  Assessment
                      Demonstration  Pilot
                                                                     Tucson, AZ
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5105)
                   Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields  Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower states, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. EPA is funding: assessment demonstration pilot programs (each funded
up to $200,000 over two years), to assess brownfields sites and to test cleanup and redevelopment models; job training
pilot programs (each funded up to $200,000 over two years), to provide training for residents of communities affected
by brownfields to facilitate cleanup of brownfields sites and prepare trainees for future employment in the environmental
field; and, cleanup revolving loan fund programs (each funded up to $500,000 over five years) to capitalize loan funds
to make loans for the environmental cleanup of brownfields. These pilot programs are intended to provide EPA, states,
tribes, municipalities, and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods
to promote a unified approach to site assessment,  environmental cleanup, and redevelopment.
EPAhas selected the City of Tucson for a Brownfields
Pilot.  Industrial activity in downtown Tucson that
began in the 1880s with the advent of the railroad
began to decrease in the  1950s.  At that time, rail
yards  were relocated,  a major military base was
constructed, and  pristine and inexpensive land
surrounding the city began drawing development
away  from downtown.  A patchwork of vacant,
deteriorating, and underused properties  remains.
Contamination  from various industrial pollutants
released over the years threatens the reliability of
Tucson's groundwater,  the city's principal source of
drinking water.

The Pilot targets five designated brownfields areas
located within the city center. The targeted areas are
known as the Warehouse Arts District, Barrio Anita
Railroad Spur, Rio Nuevo South, Downtown
Commerce Park, and Armory Park. The areas suffer
from potential groundwater and soil contamination
resulting from milling operations, landfills, the railroad,
and other industrial activities.  Tucson's areas of
highest economical  and  social stress are located
adjacent to these properties. In 1997, more than 40
percent of city center residents lived in poverty, 11
percent were unemployed, and more than 50 percent
of its population were Hispanic.
                   Date of Award: April 1997

                   Amount: $200,000

                   Profile: The Pilot will focus on
                   brownfields site assessment,
                   cleanup.and redevelopment at five
                   targeted sites.
    Tucson, Arizona
City of Tucson, Office of
Environmental Management
U.S. EPA- Region 9
      Visit the EPA Region 9 Brownfields web site at:

    Forfurtherinformation, including specific Pilot contacts,
  additional Pilot information, brownfields news and events, and
  publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:

Tucson's goal is to stimulate sustainable redevelopment
of targeted sites. The objectives of the Pilot are to
complete site assessments, identify funds for cleanup
and redevelopment, and begin the  redevelopment
planning process for brownfields sites within the five
target areas.

The Pilot has:
• Completed a regulatory database search, conducted
 a search of the  county assessor's records of all
 properties in the Pilot area,  collected  available
 historic records, and completed the database for the
 initial Pilotproject areas;
• Conducted community outreach efforts, including
 creation of a Pilot  brochure, preparation of a
 newsletter, and  gathering stakeholder views on
 redevelopment of the Warehouse Arts District and
 Rio Nuevo South sites; and
•As  of January 11, 2001, completed 11 Phase I
 assessments, with two in  process,  and completed
 one Phase II assessment, with another in process.
The Pilot is:
• Continuing a collaborative, community-based
 process to involve stakeholders such as the Tucson
 Arts District Partnership, Inc., Weed and Seed,
 Tucson Unified School District, Westside Coalition,
 Menlo  Park and Barrio Anita  neighborhood
 associations,  Business  Development Finance
 Corporation, Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, and
 Arizona Department of Environmental Quality;
• Continuing  a process for  identifying  potential
 redevelopment projects within the Pilot  areas,
 prioritizing the sites, and conducting site assessments;
• Identifying  methods to  ensure  sustainable
 redevelopment of brownfields in  the downtown
 area; and
• Providing outreach and education regarding the
 Pilot to minority residents of the city center.
Experience with the Tucson Pilot has been a catalyst
for related activities, including the following:

• A sustainable  development advisory team  ("The
 Green Team") has been created to establish and
 ensure sustainable developmentpracticesthroughout
 the city.
• Redevelopment activities are underway at three
 sites  (Rio Nuevo South, Downtown Commerce
 Park, and Barrio Anita Railroad Spur).
• The City of Tucson received a $100,000 U.S. EPA
 Environmental Justice through Pollution Prevention
 (EJP2) grant in the fall of 1998.

• The U.S. Army  Corps of Engineers provided
 $ 125,000 in matching funds for Phase I assessments
 in the Warehouse Arts District area.
• Tucson was awarded an additional $200,000 in
 supplemental funding as one of EPA's Brownfields
 Showcase Communities finalists.
 Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot
 July 2001
                                 Tucson, Arizona
                               EPA 500-F-01-334