Frequently Asked Questions About
How to  Obtain an Engine International
Air Pollution Prevention  (EIAPP)
Certificate
    On October 8, 2008, the United States ratified Annex VI to the
    International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from
Ships (MARPOL Annex VI). Ratification triggers a requirement for
U.S. vessels, and the diesel engine(s) installed on them, to be certified as
meeting the Annex VI requirements. Engine certification is conducted
with EPA and compliance is demonstrated by issuance of an Engine
International Air Pollution Prevention (EIAPP) certificate. Vessel
certification is conducted with the U.S. Coast Guard and compliance is
demonstrated by issuance of an International Air Pollution Prevention
(IAPP) certificate. To obtain an IAPP, a vessel owner will be required
to have an EIAPP certificate issued by EPA for each diesel engine above
130 kilowatts (kW) installed on the vessel. This Fact Sheet explains how
a vessel owner can obtain EIAPP certificates.
Who should read this fact sheet?
You should read this fact sheet if you own a vessel flagged or registered in the United
States that has one or more diesel engines rated above 130 kW, and you operate that
vessel outside the United States or in a foreign port or waters. Only diesel engines
require an EIAPP certificate. Gasoline, propane, natural gas and other spark ignition
engines do not require this certificate.

Although only vessels above 400 gross tons are required to obtain an IAPP certificate
under MARPOL Annex VI, owners of all vessels that operate outside the United
States or in a foreign port or waters are required to have an EIAPP certificate for
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
                               Office of Transportation and Air Quality
                                               EPA-420-F-09-006
                                                  February 2009

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             each installed diesel engine above 130 kW. Although it is possible to enter the port or waters of
             a foreign state that has not ratified Annex VI without an EIAPP certificate, it is strongly recoiri'
             mended that all vessels expecting to operate in these locales obtain an EIAPP certificate.
             What is an EIAPP certificate?
             An EIAPP certificate is the internationally'accepted documentation that a specific engine meets
             the international NOX emission limits for diesel engines set out in Regulation 13 of Annex VI.
             An EIAPP certificate for any engine installed on a U.S. vessel must be issued by EPA.
             What is a Statement of Compliance?
             The effective date for the Annex VI NOX limits was January 1, 2000. However, the Annex had
             not yet entered into force internationally by that date. Engine manufacturers were encouraged
             to voluntarily certify diesel engines to the Annex VI limits to ensure that vessel owners would
             be in compliance when the Annex eventually entered into force. To facilitate this process, EPA
             created a program through which engine manufacturers could apply for a Statement of Compli-
             ance with Regulation 13 of Annex VI for their compliant engines. 1

             Annex VI went into force internationally in 2005. Although the U.S. had not yet ratified the
             Annex, owners of U.S. vessels could be required to demonstrate compliance when they visited
             foreign ports. To simplify this process, owners were encouraged to certify their vessels voluntarily,
             and Coast Guard began to issue Statements of Voluntary Compliance to compliant vessels. To
             receive a Statement of Voluntary Compliance for the vessel, the owner was required to have an
             EPA'issued Statement of Compliance for each diesel engine above 130 kW installed on the vessel.
                  that the Annex is entering into force for the United States, vessel owners will be required
             to obtain an IAPP certificate for their vessels. This will require an EPA'issued EIAPP certificate
             for each diesel engine above 130 kW installed on the vessel. Additionally, vessels not required
             to obtain an IAPP certificate will still be required to obtain an EIAPP certificate for each
             installed diesel engine above 130 kW.
  __.        What engines are required to have an EIAPP certificate?
             The following diesel engines are required to be certified to the Annex VI NOX limits, as evi-
             denced by an EIAPP certificate:
                  Any engine above 130 kW that is installed on a vessel constructed on or after January 1,
                   2000
                  An engine above 130 kW installed on any vessel if the engine has undergone a major
  /i \              conversion on or after January 1, 2000. This means:
  ^^                    The engine has been replaced with a new engine built on or after January 1,
                          2000; this requirement is extended to include replacement with any existing
                          (used) engine, beginning July 1, 2010
w

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                      The maximum continuous rating of the engine has been increased by more than
                       10%
                      The engine has been significantly modified, which means it has been modified in
                       such a way that would increase its NOX emissions (for example, the fuel injector
                       nozzles have been changed, a turbocharger has been added, or the timing has been
                       changed)

           The following diesel engines are not required to have an EIAPP certificate:

                Engines which are used solely for emergency purposes in life boats or for any equipment
                 intended to be used solely in case of emergency
                Engines installed on drilling rigs and platforms and that are solely dedicated to the ex-
                 ploration, exploitation and associated offshore processing of sea-bed mineral resources
           I have an EPA-issued Statement of Compliance from my engine manu-
           facturer; how can I get an EIAPP certificate for  my engine?
           Consistent with our other engine certification programs, EPA will issue the EIAPP certificate
           to the engine manufacturer after a review of the Statement of Compliance and other relevant
           information. You should contact your engine manufacturer to find out how to obtain the EPA-
           issued EIAPP certificate for your engine.

           Note that your engine must be in the configuration specified in the EIAPP certificate. If you
           have modified the engine, it will not be covered by the engine manufacturer's EIAPP certificate
           for that engine family. In this case, you will be required to return the engine to the certified con-
           figuration or re-certify the engine yourself.1

           Also note that any modification of an engine covered by an EPA Certificate of Conformity to
           the 40 CFR Part 94 and Part 1042 emission standards may be tampering and subject to enforce-
           ment action.
Cu        I don't have an EPA-issued Statement of Compliance from my engine
  _        manufacturer; how can I get an EIAPP certificate for my engine?
           Even if you don't have a Statement of Compliance, you should contact your engine manufactur-
           er about obtaining an EIAPP certificate. This is because the manufacturer may have certified the
           engine to the Annex VI standards and received an EIAPP certificate from EPA for your engine
           model and year.

           If the engine manufacturer did obtain an EIAPP certificate from EPA for your engine, that cer-
           tificate will be valid only if your engine is in the configuration specified in the EIAPP certificate.
           If you have modified your engine, it will not be covered by the engine manufacturer's EIAPP
           certificate for that engine family. In this case, you will be required to return the engine to the
           certified configuration or re-certify the engine yourself. 1

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           Also note that any modification of an engine covered by an EPA Certificate of Conformity to
           the 40 CFR Part 94 and Part 1042 emission standards may be tampering and subject to enforce'
           ment action.
           If the manufacturer has not obtained an EIAPP certificate from EPA for your engine model and
           year, you should contact EPA for further assistance.1

           What if my engine manufacturer is no longer in business?
           If the original manufacturer of your engine is no longer in business, you should contact EPA.1

           When will  I be required to have EIAPP certificates for my engines?
           You will be required to have an EIAPP certificate for each diesel engine above 130 kW installed
           on your vessel  when you certify your vessel to the Annex VI requirements and obtain a vessel
           IAPP certificate from the U.S. Coast Guard. An IAPP certificate is required for each vessel at or
           above 400 gross tons. Ship owners will be certified to Annex VI and receive an IAPP certificate
           at the first scheduled dry docking that occurs after January 8, 2009, but no later than January 9,
           2012.

           Diesel engines above 130 kW installed on vessels not required to obtain an IAPP certificate
           must also be covered by EIAPP certificates if you will operate your vessel outside the United
           States or in a foreign port or waters. You should plan to obtain an EIAPP certificate on a similar
           schedule as outlined above for obtaining an IAPP certificate.
           Are there other MARPOL Annex VI requirements that apply to en-
^H        gines?
           There are two other requirements for compliance with Annex VI.
           First, each engine must have a Technical File. This document is prepared by the engine manu'
           facturer and contains information needed to inspect the engine to verify compliance. A paper
           copy of this document is required to be available onboard the vessel, although in the future an
,        electronic copy may be sufficient.

           Second, each engine must have a Record Book of Engine Parameters. This is a document for
           recording all parameter changes, including components and engine settings that may influence
           NOX emissions. This information is used during vessel surveys and inspections, to make sure the
           engine has been complying with the NOX limits. The vessel owner must make sure the Record
           Book is always accurate. If the settings on the engine do not match those in the record book,
           an engine survey may include a more time'Consuming investigation and, potentially, onboard
           measurement of NOX emissions.

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Will I need to get a new EIAPP certificate for the Annex VI Tier II and
Tier III standards?
No. The new Annex VI Tier II and Tier III standards will apply only to engines installed on ves-
sels constructed on or after January 1, 2011 (Tier II) and January  1, 2016 (Tier III), or engines
that undergo a major conversion on or after those dates.
Are there any pre-2000 engines that will be required to meet the An-
nex VI Tier I standards, and have  an EIAPP certificate?
Engines that undergo a major conversion on or after January 1, 2000, will need to be certified
to the Annex VI standards effective at the time of the major conversion and have an EIAPP
certificate. This is the case no matter when the engine or vessel was originally constructed.

Beginning March 2010 your engine may be required to meet the current (Tier I) Annex VI stan-
dards if it was installed on a vessel built between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 1999, has a
displacement at or above 90 liters per cylinder, and has a power output of more than 5,000 kW.
Such an engine will be required to meet the Tier I standards if a remanufacture system (called an
"Approved Method") has been certified for it. Information on Approved Methods will be made
available on EPA's certification web site (www.epa.gov/otaq/certdata.htm), and EPA will
provide additional information on our ocean-going vessel web site (www.epa.gov/otaq/ocean-
vessels.htm).
                  Flowchart for Obtaining EIAPP Certificate
  Contact engine
manufacturer to obtain
 EIAPP certificate
                                     Diesel engine above 130
                                         kW?
                                      Installed on a vessel
                                     constructed on or after
                                       Jan. 1, 2000?
                                          \
                                          No
                                   No EIAPP certificate
                                      required
                                     Major conversion made
                                     to the engine on or after
                                        Jan. 1, 2000?
                                          \
                                         Yes

                                         J_
                                      EIAPP certificate
                                        required
                                     Is engine manufacturer
                                      still in business?
                                                      Contact EPA for further
                                                          guidance

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           Where can I get more information?
           Copies of MARPOL Annex VI and the NOX Technical Code are available on the Office of
           Transportation and Air Quality marine web sites at:

                    www. epa. go v/otaq/mar ine .htm
                    www.epa.gov/otaq/oceanvessels.htm

           Information on EPA's Tier 1 marine diesel engine standards is available at:

                    http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/nonroad/marine/ci/f03001.pdf

           Guidance for Marine Engine and Vessel Manufacturers can be found at:

                    http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/nonroad/marine/ci/imolettr.pdf

           You can contact EPA, regarding EIAPP certificates:

                    Justin G. Greuel
rf-\                 E-mail address: Greuel.Justin@epa.gov
           You can contact U.S. Coast Guard, regarding IAPP certificates:

                    LCDR Scott W. Muller
                    E-mail address: Scott.W.Muller@uscg.mil

           For general questions about EPA's marine programs, please contact:

                    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                    Office of Transportation and Air Quality
                    Assessment and Standards Division
                    2000 Traverwood Dr.
                    Ann Arbor, MI48 105
                    Information Line:734-214-4636
                    E-mail: asdinfo@epa.gov
OJ
           l You can find out more about the MARPOL Annex VI requirements and Statements of Com-
           pliance by visiting our website, www.epa.gov/otaq/oceanvessels.htm. See particularly
           "MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI Marine Diesel Engine Requirements" EPA420-F-99-038, October
           1999, at http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/nonroad/marine/ci/f99038.pdf

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