Buy-Recycled  Series
                             PARK  &  RECREATION
  Buying recycled products...

  ...conserves natural resources
  ...saves energy
  ...reduces solid waste
  ...reduces air and water pollutants
  ...reduces greenhouse gases
  ...creates new jobs
 Solid Waste and Emergency
 Response (5305W)
 Washington, DC 20460
 www. epa. gov/osw
 May 2004
        Want to go the extra mile
        for your community?
        Buying recycled-content
playground equipment and other
recreational products is cost-effec-
tive, easy to do, and a good way to
keep our outdoors green. The same
goes for your community's beaches.
      You can provide long-last-
      ing protection for your sand
      dunes using plastic fencing
      made from recovered plas-

      To make it easier to buy
      recycled, the U.S.
      Environmental Protection
      Agency (EPA) updates the
      Procurement Guidelines
      (CPG) every 2 years.
      Through the CPG, EPA des-
      ignates items that must con-
      tain recycled materials
      when purchased with appro-
      priated federal funds by fed-
      eral, state, and local
      agencies, or by government
      contractors. Several park
      and recreation products are
      among these items. EPA's
research shows that the items desig-
nated in the CPG are of high quali-
ty, widely available, and
cost-competitive with virgin prod-
ucts. EPA also issues nonregulatory
companion guidance—the
Recovered Materials Advisory
Notice (RMAN)—that recommends
levels of recycled content for these

Why Buy Recycled?
Recycling is more than just drop-
ping off your cans, bottles, and
newspapers at the curb or at a local
collection facility. Diverting recy-
clables from the waste stream is
only the first of three steps in the
recycling process. The second step
occurs when companies use these
recyclables to manufacture new
products. The third step comes
when you purchase products made
from recovered materials. That's
how we close the loop.

Buying recycled products results in
many environmental benefits. It
supports local recycling programs
by creating markets for the collect-
ed materials that are processed and
used to manufacture new products.
This creates jobs and helps
strengthen the economy; conserves
natural resources; saves energy; and
reduces solid waste, air and water
pollutants, and greenhouse gases
that contribute to global warming.

What  is  CPG?
      The Resource Conservation and Recovery
      Act requires procuring agencies to buy
      recycled-content products designated by
EPA in the CPG. Issued in May 1995, the first
CPG designated 19 new products (including
playground surfaces and running tracks) and
incorporated five previously designated items
in eight product categories. The first CPG
update (CPG II) was published in November
1997 and designated an additional 12 products,
including plastic fencing.  A second CPG
update (CPG III) was published in January
2000 and designated an additional 18 products,
including park benches, picnic tables, and
playground equipment. The third CPG update
(CPG IV) was published in April 2004, desig-
nating seven new products, but no new park
and recreation products were designated.

Procuring agencies include all federal agencies,
and any state or local government agencies or
government contractors that use appropriated
federal funds to purchase  the designated items.
If your agency spends more than $10,000 per
year on a product designated in the CPG, yo
are required to purchase it with the highest
recycled-content level practicable. The CP
also applies to lease contracts covering desig-
nated items. Executive Order 13101 and the
Federal Acquisition  Regulation also call for an
increase in the federal government's use of
recycled-content and environmentally prefer-
able products.
Once any new items are designated in a pub-
lished CPG update, an agency has 1 year to
develop an affirmative procurement program (or
revise an existing one) to include these new
items. In previous years, agencies have had to
revise their affirmative procurement programs
to incorporate buy-recycled requirements for
items such as playground surfaces, running
tracks, plastic fencing, park benches, picnic
tables, and playground equipment. This effort
might involve reviewing specifications for those
products and eliminating provisions that pose
barriers to procuring them with recycled con-
tent (such as aesthetic requirements unrelated
to product performance). Since CPG IV desig-
nates no new park and recreation products,
agencies are not required to revise this portion
of their affirmative procurement program.

The CPG acknowledges that specific circum-
stances might arise that preclude the purchase
of products made with recovered materials.
Your agency may purchase designated items
that do not contain recovered materials if it
determines that: 1) the price of a given desig-
nated item made with recovered materials is
unreasonably high, 2) there is inadequate com-
petition (not enough sources of supply), 3)
unusual and unreasonable delays would result
from obtaining the item, or 4) the recycled-
content item does not meet an agency's rea-
sonable performance  specifications.
                              PARK  & RECREATION PRODUCTS
                                        PAGE 2

How Do I Purchase  Recycled-Content
Park &  Recreation Products?
     EPA issues purchasing guidance in RMANs,
     which are designed to make it as easy as
     possible to buy the designated items. The
RMANs recommend recycled-content levels to
look for when purchasing park and recreation
products, as shown in the table below.
Following the RMANs' recommended levels
will help ensure your affirmative procurement
program and standards meet the buy-recycled
requirements. The RMANs also provide other
purchasing guidance. Please refer to
 for more
information on individual products.
              Rather than specifying just one level of recycled
              content, the RMANs recommend ranges that
              reflect actual market conditions. The recommen-
              dations are based on market research identifying
              recycled-content products that are commercially
              available, are competitively priced, and meet
              buyers' quality standards.

              Access EPA's online recycled-content products
              database by going to  and
              selecting "Supplier Database." See the last sec-
              tion of this fact sheet for other helpful resources.
      EPA's Recommended Content Levels for Park & Recreation Products
       PRODUCT1      I
  Park Benches & Picnic
  Plastic Fencing for
  Specified Uses5

  Playground Equipment
















                           PARK & RECREATION PRODUCTS
                                     PAGE 3
                                                                   Continued on next page

  Playground Surfaces

  Running Tracks
                             Plastic or Rubber

                             Plastic or Rubber

1 EPA's recommendations do not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing these items manufactured from another material. They simply
 require that a procuring agency purchase these items made with recovered materials when these items meet applicable specifications and perfor-
 mance requirements. Federal agency installations of these products must comply with applicable state or local construction codes, as well as
 standards set by the Consumer Safety Commission and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
2 The recommended recovered materials content levels are based on the dry weight of the raw materials, exclusive of any additives such as adhe-
 sives, binders, or coloring agents.
3 "Plastic" includes both single and mixed plastic resins. Park benches and picnic tables made with recovered plastic may also contain other recov-
 ered materials, such as sawdust, wood, or fiberglass. The percentage of these materials contained in the product would also count toward the
 recovered materials content level of the item.
4 The recommended recovered materials content level for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items can be made from steel man-
 ufactured from either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (EOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the EOF process contains 25-30% total recov-
 ered materials, of which 16% is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100% recovered steel,  of which 67% is
5 Designation includes fencing containing recovered plastic for use in controlling snow or sand drifting and as a warning/safety barrier in con-
 struction or other applications.
How  Can  I   Get  More  Information?
      Information Available
      From EPA
his fact sheet and the following publications on
buying recycled-content products can be accessed
on the Internet.
    EPA Amends Comprehensive Procurement
    Guidelines (CPG). This fact sheet provides general
    information  about the CPG and the development of
    affirmative procurement programs. See
Federal Register (FR) notices promulgating CPG I (60
FR 21370/EPA530-Z-95-006) and RMAN I (60 FR
21386/EPA530-Z-95-007), May 1, 1995. FR notices
promulgating CPG II (62 FR 60961/EPA530-Z-97-
009) and RMAN II (62 FR 60975/EPA530-Z-97-010),
November 13, 1997. FR notices promulgating CPG
III (65 FR 3070) and RMAN m (65 FR 3082), January
19, 2000. FR notices promulgating CPG IV (69 FR
24028) and RMAN IV (69 FR 24039), April 30, 2004.
See .
                                    PARK  & RECREATION PRODUCTS
                                                 PAGE 4

          Other Sources of
Buy Recycled Business Alliance. The Alliance
includes over 3,200 companies and organizations
committed to increasing their use of recycled-con-
tent products and materials in their day-to-day oper-
ations. The Alliance offers educational materials,
a quarterly newsletter, and product-specific guides.
Public purchasing entities can join for free. For more
information, contact the National Recycling
Coalition, 1325 G Street, NW., Suite 1025,
Washington, DC  20005-3104. Phone: 202 347-0450.
Fax: 202 347-0449. Web site: .

    Park and Outdoor Recreational Equipment,
    Federal Supply Schedule Group 78, Part 1,
    Schedule C, Classes 7830. Lists a variety of park
    and recreation products available for purchase.

    Environmental Products Guide. This guide is
    designed to help procurement officials identify
    environmentally preferable products and ser-
    vices. It contains nearly 3,000 items, including
    many recycled-content products.

National Association of State Purchasing Officials
(NASPO):  .  NASPO's Internet-
based  Database of Recycled Commodities (DRC)
includes information from states on their recycled
product procurement. Data include product distribu-
tors, manufacturers, brand names, recycled and post-
consumer content, ENERGY STAR® rating, units
purchased, unit of measurement, unit price, and
type of procurement. The database was developed
and is maintained by the Florida Department of
Management Services. To use the database, visit
    Greening the Government: A Guide to Implementing
    Executive Order 13101. This guide provides detailed
    information on the requirements of Executive Order
    13101 and the benefits of achieving compliance.
    Updated in February 2001, it is available from the
    Office of the Federal Environmental Executive.
    Phone: 202 564-1297. Fax: 202 564-1393. Web site:
    . Email: An
    electronic version of the document can be accessed
    at .

    Official Recycled Products Guide. This directory
    lists more than 5,000 manufacturers and distributors
    of recycled-content  products. Contact: Recycling
    Data Management Corporation, P.O. Box 577,
    Ogdensburg, NY 13669. Phone: 800 267-0707.

    Recycled Plastic Products Source Book. This booklet
    lists more than 1,400 plastic products from approxi-
    mately 300 manufacturers. For more information,
    contact the American Plastics Council (APC), 1300
    Wilson Blvd., 13th Floor, Arlington, VA 22209.
    Phone: 800 2-HELP-90. Outside of U.S.: 703 253-
    0710. Web site: .
            Internet Sites—Product
•   Recycling Data Network Information Services:
    . This com-
    mercial Web site provides access, on a subscription
    basis, to a recycled-content products database of
    over 4,500 listings in 700 product classifications. It
    also provides a reference library and a newsletter.
    Managed by the publisher of the Official Recycled
    Products Guide, the product  database is considered
    to be the largest of its kind.

Internet Sites—Government
•   The Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines:
    . This site describes EPA's effort
    to facilitate the procurement of products containing
    recovered materials, including information on CPG,
    RMANs, and an online database of  manufacturers
    and suppliers of designated items.
•   Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP):
    . EPA's EPP program encourages
    and assists federal agencies in purchasing environ-
                                PARK  & RECREATION PRODUCTS
                                             PAGE  5

mentally preferable products and services. The site
explains EPA's proposed guiding principles for
including environmental performance in
purchasing decision-making, and posts case studies
of successful pilot projects in both the public and
private sectors.

Federal Trade Commission: . The Federal Trade
Commission issued Guides for the Use of
Environmental Marketing Claims in May  1998.

Jobs Through Recycling: . EPA's
Jobs Through Recycling program stimulates eco-
nomic growth and recycling market development by
assisting businesses and supporting a network of
state and regional recycling contacts. This Web site
provides information on financing and technical
assistance for recycling businesses, as well as other
market development tools.

King County Recycled Product Procurement
Program: . This site contains infor-
mation on why to buy recycled-content products,
how to procure them, and provides access to a
database with information on products, as well as
manufacturers, distributors, reprocessors, mills, and
converters across the country who procure or pro-
duce these products.

Municipal Solid Waste: . This
site includes information on recycling, source reduc-
tion, and reuse. Contains state municipal solid
waste data and the latest facts and figures on waste
generation and disposal.

WasteWise: . WasteWise
is a free, voluntary EPA program through which
organizations eliminate costly municipal solid
waste, benefitting their bottom line and the  environ-
ment. The program provides hands-on assistance to
members to help them  purchase or manufacture
recycled-content products, prevent waste, and recy-
cle solid waste materials.
                                PARK &  RECREATION PRODUCTS
                                             PAGE 6