Planning Tools
Goals of
Waste Wise



            '.-v-sSf-Wi-.;f |.•.;:,•.• i-ti MM-;; establish waste reduction goals in

         / J three areas: waste prevention, recycling, and buying or

  i   [  '•'     manufacturing recycled-content products. This guide offers

suggestions to help organizations set quantifiable, achievable goals. The

sample goals, combined with partner success stories, illustrate successful

methods for reducing waste. Partners may use the ideas in this guide as a

catalyst for developing and expanding their own WasteWise goals.

    Prior to selecting waste reduction goals, WasteWise encourages

partners to conduct a waste assessment. The assessment will help

partners identify the composition and quantities of waste they generate, as

well as opportunities for reducing these wastes.

    The sample goals provided in this guide have  been organized into the

following function areas:

•  Office Setting

•  Cafeteria and Food Service

•  Distribution and Shipping of Products

•  Purchasing and Receiving of Products

•  Manufacturing and Production

•  Maintenance, Housekeeping, Renovation, and  Landscaping

•  General WasteWise Goals

    Additional suggestions for waste reduction goals may be found in the

industry sector fact sheets, now available on the WasteWise Web site

. The WasteWise Helpline (800 EPA-WISE) and

WasteWise representatives are also available to answer questions

regarding goal setting.
                                                                        SELECTED GOALS
  Waste Prevention

Waste prevention means using
less material to do the same job,
cutting waste before recycling.
Waste prevention (also called
source reduction) offers the
greatest environmental benefits
and provides substantial cost
savings to organizations.
Examples of waste prevention
activities include using e-mail,
reusing office supplies and
equipment, and reducing or
reusing transport packaging.
WasteWise partners commit to
implementing three significant
waste prevention activities.

WasteWise partners commit to
initiating, expanding, or improving
company programs to collect
recyclables. In some cases,
companies add new materials to
an existing program, or they
increase program efficiency
through employee education.
       Purchase or
    Manufacture of
  Recycled Products

Nonmanufacturing WasteWise
partners commit to increasing the
overall  recycled content in the
products they purchase, either  by
purchasing recycled products in
lieu of virgin products or by
increasing the recycled content in
those recycled products they
already buy. Manufacturers may
either increase the percentage  of
postconsumer content in the
products they make  or increase
the recycled content in the
products they purchase.

Electronics Challenge
  In 2000, WasteWise launched the
  electronics challenge to encourage
the reuse and recovery of this growing
     part of the waste stream.
       Partners pledged to:

• Refurbish and/or upgrade existing
  electronic equipment instead of
  buying new equipment.
• Buy remanufactured equipment
  instead of new equipment.
• Buy equipment with recycled
• Contract with suppliers to lease
• Contract with suppliers to take back
  and reuse/recycle equipment as
  part of new purchases.
• Donate reusable electronic
  equipment (e.g., to schools or other
  nonprofit organizations).
• Recycle equipment from your
  organization that cannot be reused.
• Sponsor or participate  in a
  collection event or program to help
  others outside your organization
  reuse or recycle electronic products.
Electronics manufacturers also pledged
 to additional goals, including some of
          the following:

•  Redesign an electronic product so
   that it can be more easily upgraded
   or remanufactured.
•  Redesign an electronic product so
   that it can be easily disassembled
   and recycled at end of life.
•  Use (or increase use of) recycled
   content materials in your products.
Function  Area:
Office Setting
Jill  lift  f!f aste from offices can account for a large percentage of
         if an organization's waste stream. Most office waste
           consists of various forms of paper, such as stationery,
copy paper, computer and printer paper, and cardboard. Smaller
quantities of other materials such as plastic, metal, glass, and food
waste also end up in office waste. Helpful suggestions for reducing
waste in the office setting are provided below.

•  Circulate memos, documents, periodicals, and reports rather
   than distributing  individual copies
•  Keep files on diskette or microfiche
•  Maintain a centralized filing system
•  Communicate using voice or electronic mail
•  Purchase  duplex copying machines and program copy machines
   to default  to duplex copies
•  Replace fax cover sheets with "stick-on" fax transmission
   stickers or use a rubber stamp to place transmittal  information
   on the first pages of faxes
•  Conduct file transfers via computer
•  Survey current computer reports to identify any unnecessary
   reports that could be eliminated
•  Seek methods to reduce printing production errors
•  Use smaller envelopes
•  Use narrow-ruled notebooks
•  Design brochures and advertising flyers with a mailing panel
   instead  of placing them in envelopes
•  Review, edit, and finalize reports and letters on computer screen
   before printing

                                                                  SELECTED  GOALS
•  Purchase reusable or refillable pens and pencils
•  Reuse interoffice envelopes
•  Convert scrap paper into telephone answering pads or scratch
•  Print drafts on the blank sides of used paper
•  Use an erasable memo or chalk board for messages
•  Reuse office supplies through internal waste exchange
•  Repair old furniture and office equipment or donate it to
   charitable organizations
•  Reuse file folders and ring binders
•  Return laser printer and copier toner cartridges for

•  Place a  recycling bin in each office
•  Recycle glass, aluminum, and plastic beverage containers
•  Suspend the use of colored paper if not easily recycled
•  Establish "clean out your office" days and recycle items no
   longer needed
•  Locate paper recycling containers near copiers, printers, and
   other large generators
•  Recycle audio and video cassette tapes
•  Purchase recycled-content office supplies
•  Establish a team to investigate effectiveness of recycled-content
   paper for copiers
•  Upgrade recycled-content paper purchases to include all
   envelopes, letterhead, and newsletters
•  Increase postconsumer content of paper by setting specific
   minimum requirements for postconsumer content
•  Commit to printing the organization's annual report on paper
   collected through  organization recycling programs
•  Purchase transparencies made from recycled PET
Kinko's, Inc. leases 92 percent
of its copiers and printers and 82
  percent of its computers and
   finishing equipment, which
lessens the environmental burden
   associated with end-of-life
     electronics equipment.
  Blue Lake Rancheria tribe
 conserved 40 pounds of printer
  paper by reusing single-sided
 copies for draft printouts and in
       the fax machine.
   Amtrak saved $3,000 and
 eliminated 500 pounds of waste
    by beginning a toner refill
 Southern California Edison
 purchased more than 45 tons of
   recycled-content products,
 including 2,500 chairs with 100
    percent recycled content.

      Sandia National
  Laboratories prevented 209
 tons of solid waste by switching
 to reusable cafeteria dishware,
   saving the federal facility
 approximately $22,000 in 2000.

   The Los Angeles Unified
School District began an "offer
 versus serve" program in which
  students can choose the food
   they would  like to consume,
 preventing an estimated 13,646
      tons of food waste.
   The Walt Disney World
 Company, located in Orlando,
  Florida, donated 200 tons of
  prepared food to the Second
      Harvest Food Bank.
 California Integrated Waste
    Management Board
composted 1.5 tons of food waste
 in vermicomposting bins located
    outside of the cafeteria.
Function  Area: Cafeteria
and  Food Service

      here are a full range of waste reduction activities that
  f.  •  cafeteria and food service operators can implement to help
    -  reduce the amount of solid waste they generate. For
example, food waste can largely be reduced through proper
purchasing, handling, preparation, and storage. (Generation of food
wastes was estimated to be nearly 22 million tons in 1997).1 Other
materials that can be reduced in the food service area include
corrugated, steel and aluminum cans, glass,  and plastics. The list
below highlights many of the activities WasteWise partners have
initiated to  reduce food service wastes.

•  Purchase food items in bulk containers
•  Replace individual soda cans or bottles with  bulk dispensers
•  Replace plastic coffee stirs with wooden  stirs that can be
•  Reduce plastic by using straw-style stir sticks for bar
   beverages instead of solid style sticks
•  Reduce plastic wrap used  with catering orders
•  Provide condiments in bulk dispensers
•  Give customers the option of straw or no straw with beverages
•  Decrease weight of carry-out bags
•  Purchase a  new kind of butter to eliminate the foil wrapper

•  Use durable towels, tablecloths, napkins, dishes, flatware, cups,
   and glasses
•  Reduce use of disposable cups by retrofitting drink vending
   machines to accept reusable plastic mugs
•  Use reusable coasters instead of paper napkins when serving
   bar beverages
•  Donate cafeteria food scraps for use as animal feed
                               1  Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1998 Update.
                                 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p.47, 1999.

                                                                  SELECTED GOALS
•  Use reusable plastic trays instead of cardboard or polystyrene
•  Encourage employees to bring in their own mugs and utensils
•  Use reusable coffee filters
•  Arrange for a food bank to pick-up unserved food
•  Encourage customers to take home surplus food
•  Initiate a vermi-composting system to compost vegetative
•  Hire caterers who use reusable kitchenware
•  Provide  a discount to customers who bring their own mugs
•  Purchase company mugs for all employees

•  Recycle milk cartons and juice boxes
•  Segregate cafeteria wastes (paper, plastics, and aluminum) to
   improve recycling
•  Collect plastic silverware for recycling
•  Set up a rendering service for waste grease, fat, or used
   cooking  oil
•  Recycle glass, plastic, aluminum, and steel containers
•  Segregate vegetative materials for composting

•  Switch to napkins with recycled content
•  Increase purchase of recycled-content paper for food service
•  Purchase carry-out containers with recycled content
     Pitney Bowes, Inc.
implemented a program to recycle
polystyrene products used in food
 service. The company converts
       polystyrene into a
gel-like material and then returns
  it to the recycling-equipment
  vendor for further processing
  back into polystyrene or other
  plastic products. This process
resulted in a 40 percent reduction
     of total trash volume.
WasteWise Update, Recovering
 Organic Wastes-Giving Back
     to Mother Nature,
 (EPA530-N-99-007) highlights a
    number of organic waste
 diversion and recovery options
   implemented by WasteWise
 partners, including composting,
 vermicomposting, mulching and
   chipping, grasscycling, and
   donation. The Update also
provides basic information on the
science of composting and tips on
   getting started with organics

 Transport Packaging
In 1999 WasteWise launched the
   Transport Packaging (TP)
 Challenge. Partners pledged to
eliminate unnecessary TP, switch
   to reusable TP, and reuse
incoming packaging for outgoing
 shipments. The most common
 goal of Challenge participants
 was to work with suppliers to
    reduce TP, reflecting the
    importance of building
       partnerships to
        reduce waste.
   The Transport Packaging
  Challenge Partner of the Year
  was SST Truck Company, a
Texas-based truck manufacturer.
   It utilized reusable shipping
racks, worked with its suppliers to
 reduce packaging for incoming
 truck parts, and started a return
   program for TP, saving the
company $55,000 and preventing
180 tons of waste in 1999. In all,
  47 partners participated in the
   Challenge, but SST Truck
   Company drove to the top.
Function  Area:
Distribution  and  Shipping
of  Products
 ,:, •-   ontainers and packaging represent nearly one-third of the
•X      total municipal solid waste stream nationwide (71.8 million
  :•"•  - tons of generation in 1997).2 Approximately half of this
waste comes from packaging materials used to transport goods.
Transport packaging consists of materials such as corrugated,
ferrous metals, plastics, and wood. The list below highlights some of
the innovative strategies WasteWise partners have initiated to
reduce wastes associated with the distribution and shipping of

•  Transmit invoices and purchase orders electronically
•  Develop an electronic catalog system for parts distribution to
   service affiliates
•  Design an appendix to product catalogs for each season,
   making a complete, new catalog unnecessary
•  Improve mailing list so a more accurate number of catalogs are
•  Reduce the thickness of cardboard used in packaging material
•  Reduce the size of internal packaging inserts
•  Redesign product packaging  to decrease the amount of
   materials necessary to package the product
•  Eliminate unnecessary packaging, such as outer cartons

•  Use reusable air-filled bags in shipping cartons instead of
   polystyrene "peanuts"
•  Provide customers with the option of a reusable bag or box for
•  Develop a pallet return program for routine customers
2 Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1998 Update.
  Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p.67, 1999.

                                                                 SELECTED GOALS
•  Use incoming packaging materials for outgoing product
•  Distribute product lines in reusable containers
•  Use shredded newspapers and paper for packing materials
•  Purchase reusable plastic pallets
•  Repair and reuse damaged wooden skids and pallets
•  Reuse packaging materials, such as foam peanuts, bubblewrap,
   and cardboard

•  Find a market for plastic wrap and banding
•  Develop closed-loop programs to aid customers in recycling of
   waste materials
•  Accept packaging material from customers to be recycled
•  Reuse or recycle customer's LDPE stretch film
•  Remove metal parts from plastic containers so that containers
   may be recycled

•  Purchase pallets made from your own scrap plastic
•  Increase recycled-content in corrugated containers
•  Investigate increased recycled content in cardboard packaging
•  Use recycled plastics for consumer packaging
Bass Pro Shops salvaged nearly
 170 tons of transport packaging
materials through a shipping and
   receiving waste prevention
   program, saving more than
 $28,000. This program involved
the reuse and sale of used wood
    The U.S. Government
Printing Office saved $20,000
in 2000 by initiating a program to
   repair approximately 4,000
 wooden pallets equivalent to 80
                                                                 Allergan redesigned lens
                                                              packaging, eliminating 187 tons of
                                                                PVC and saving $1.5 million.
                                                               Allchem Services reused 200
                                                                 pounds of plastic packaging
                                                                 material as filler for outgoing
                                                                  shipments, saving $500.

  Kitsap County, Washington,
minimized purchasing costs through
  an internal Wa$te Exchange, a
program in which departments swap
 surplus office supplies, saving the
    county more than $3,700.
            '] if if
  United Technologies Carrier
 Corporation reduced cardboard
and wood pallet usage by converting
 the shipping containers of inbound
    bulk materials to returnable
   containers. A recent vendor
agreement resulted in the reduction
of more than 33 tons of pallet waste
           per year.

    Evelyn Hill, Inc. worked
extensively with vendors to redesign
packaging and lightweight containers
   and emphasized switching to
 reusable or recyclable containers.
Specifically, the company negotiated
 with Haagen Dazs to eliminate the
 cardboard overwrap and individual
   cardboard boxes in ice cream
 packaging, eliminating more than 3
       tons of cardboard.

   Verizon expanded the use of
  electronic purchasing orders and
 invoices, conserving nearly 29 tons
  of paper and saving more than
Function  Area:
Purchasing  and  Receiving
of Products
^],Jl ir'i uppliers are often the source of much of the waste material
'Hi'i! !;>>!, organizations generate on a daily basis. Dumpsters are often
      filled with packaging and shipping material from supplier
shipments. By using their purchasing power to leverage suppliers,
organizations can dramatically reduce the volume of unnecessary
packaging materials received from suppliers. Organizations should
make their suppliers aware of their commitment to reducing waste
and purchasing recycled content products. If current suppliers are
unable or unwilling to support this commitment, you may want to
investigate additional suppliers. Small organizations might consider
working with trade associations to garner additional power.

•  Require  vendors to eliminate unnecessary packaging
•  Order supplies in bulk
•  Communicate with suppliers through the electronic transfer of
   purchasing invoice information
•  Establish preferred packaging guidelines to encourage waste
   prevention (durable, concentrated, reusable, and high quality)
•  Send letters to vendors stating your commitment to waste
   prevention and requesting a general  decrease in packaging
•  Encourage suppliers to join WasteWise

•  Switch from corrugated to reusable plastic containers
•  Ask suppliers to ship raw materials in reusable containers
•  Establish a vendor return program for shipping containers or
•  Specify that incoming wood pallets meet requirements for
   outgoing pallets so that pallets can be reused

                                                                    SELECTED GOALS
•  Request that packaging vendors use only one strapping material
   so that it can be more easily recycled
•  Compact or bale cardboard and plastic if recyclable quantities
   are large
•  Share compactors and balers with neighboring businesses if
   recyclable quantities are small

•  Create a coalition with similar organizations for a joint-
   purchasing venture to facilitate purchases of recycled products
•  Design and use an environmental assessment form to help
   purchasing department identify products with recycled content
•  Establish an environmental supplier award
•  Specify preference for recycled-content products in contract
   language with vendors
•  Investigate recycled-product alternatives for existing  products
•  Develop a guide to help increase recycled content
•  Work with vendors to highlight recycled-content products in their
   supply catalog
•  Establish a buy-recycled purchasing  policy and include it in all
   purchase orders
•  Send a letter to vendors stating commitment to buying recycled
•  Purchase recycled-content products where possible in new
   construction and renovation projects
•  Educate purchasing department and  department heads about
   opportunities for purchasing products made with recycled
•  Investigate the performance of recycled-content products
•  Implement a supplier questionnaire to learn about the use of
   products with  recycled content
•  Request that vendors increase the number of recycled content
   products offered in  supply catalogs
•  Purchase products with an increased recycled content
   percentage than products  currently purchased
 Emory University doubled its
  spending on recycled-content
  products to $1.2 million. The
 university added a procurement
   link to its Web site, and the
     purchasing department
established a requirement that all
     letterhead be made of
  postconsumer-content paper,
    based on EPA standards.

Target works with its suppliers to
  ensure that 99 percent of all
  clothing and 95 percent of all
 shoes arrive at the store with no
      excess packaging.

The U.S. Postal Service-South
 Florida District recycled 5,787
     tons of magazines and
  undeliverable bulk mail. It also
    established an employee
education program to reduce bulk
 mail, contributing to the recycling
   of 937 tons of mixed paper.

   Commonwealth Edison
  switched to a single supplier,
   which enabled it to receive
 supplies as needed and reduce
    waste from materials that
    exceeded their shelf life.

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
 laundered and reused nearly 6
   tons of cloth wipes used in
     production processes.
   Florida Power & Light
   prevented the disposal of
approximately 11,700 utility poles
 through donation and sale. The
company also saved $1.5 million
 by reclaiming, refurbishing, and
 reusing pole line hardware and
         other parts.
    Siemens Automotive
  Corporation conducted an
employee awareness program on
the  reuse of lab coats in its clean
rooms, decreasing the disposal of
  lab coats by 33 percent and
       saving $21,000.
 Anheuser-Busch Inc. reused
  13,000 tons of diatomaceous
  earth and spent beechwood
chips, by-products of the brewing
process, in cement and compost,
Function  Area:
Manufacturing  and
         | anufacturers face a variety of competing demands—
          keeping costs low and quality high, staying competitive in a
         I global marketplace, and meeting consumer preferences for
more environmentally benign products. Organizations are responding to
these challenges by incorporating environmental considerations into the
design and redesign of products, processes, and technical
management systems. Through a variety of innovative practices,
WasteWise partners have drastically reduced the volume of waste
generated in the manufacturing and production area.
•  Improve product design to use less materials (design-for-the-
•  Implement preventative maintenance  programs to improve
   efficiency  and to eliminate downtime
•  Eliminate the use of plastic films in the manufacturing process
•  Lightweight plastic and aluminum product packages (e.g., plastic
   bottles and aluminum beverage cans)
•  Reduce production scrap by modifying production equipment
   and processes
•  Control inventory to reduce the overpurchase of non-recyclable
   plastic pellets used in the manufacturing process
•  Manufacture concentrated products to reduce HOPE plastic

•  Reuse manufacturing waste in product
•  Reuse scrap cloth as pallet covers
•  Expand internal reuse of process scraps
•  Clean and reuse disposable shoe covers and gloves
•  Reuse electrostatic device  bags in manufacturing  rather than
   discarding them
                               3 For more information, visit EPA's Design for the Environment Web site at

•  Use rechargeable batteries
•  Launder and reuse cleaning rags
•  Reuse drums for internal storage and transportation of

•  Include "design-for-the-environment" in engineer training

•  Develop a waste tracking system for production facilities which
   measures and tracks the waste generated on a per unit basis

•  Compost organic waste, such as wood or textiles
•  Conduct monthly audits of material recovery center to
   identify additional recyclables
•  Recycle metal strapping bands, shavings, and floor sweepings
•  Recycle plastic shipping tubes and rails
•  Recycle protective plastic gloves and booties used in
   manufacturing process
•  Collect and bale PET to be used in a product
•  Recycle postconsumer engineering plastic

•  Include environmental considerations such as recycled-
   content in product design criteria
•  Increase capacity to manufacture recycled-content products
•  Increase percentage of postconsumer recycled content in HOPE
   purchased for use in manufacturing process
•  Purchase plastic drain pans made with 20 percent recycled PVC
•  Evaluate  purchase of recycled-content materials for product
•  Train manufacturing facilities to evaluate manufacturing
   recycled opportunities
•  Develop a prototype pressed paper pallet made from 100
   percent mixed paper
•  Purchase a crosscut shredder to shred aluminum cans and use
   material in manufacturing process
                                                                 SELECTED GOALS
  Herman Miller requires an
    environmental lifecycle
 assessment for all new products
 to help the company determine
how it can conserve resources by
  altering product designs and
 General Motors incorporated
more than 3,500 tons of recycled-
content plastic, textile, and rubber
components into its automobiles.
    Eastman Kodak seeks
innovative ways to reduce waste,
including remanufacturing its line
   of single-use FUNSAVER
  cameras, which have a return
 rate of 74  percent. Through this
  program,  Kodak diverts mixed
  plastics and metals from the
  waste stream by incorporating
  the parts into new cameras.
   The Seydel Companies
  reduced production waste by
donating 1,000 pounds of excess
 cloth to a local senior center for
  quilt making and saved more
 than 3 tons of glass and $4,300
  by cleaning and reusing glass
         sample jars.

 Eastern Illinois University
 composted 12 tons of yard and
tree trimmings on site for use as
 mulch around and on campus
  Bert Fish Medical Center
  generated $3,000 by selling
 furniture and memorabilia from
the demolition of an old portion of
        the hospital.
    The Washoe County
 Government Sheriffs Office
 reused nearly 11 tons of wood,
 metal, and glass from damaged
   doors and windows from
   construction companies to
 practice forced entry. After reuse
 the county recycled most of the
  door and window materials.
 The Tennessee Department
 of Correction conserved more
   than 13 tons of textiles by
   repairing inmate clothing.
Function Area:
Housekeeping,  Renovation
and  Landscaping
         f astes generated in areas such as housekeeping,
          vehicle maintenance, construction, and grounds
          maintenance can easily be overlooked. These wastes
can account for a substantial portion of an organization's waste
stream, however. In 1997, yard trimmings alone comprised an
estimated 13 percent of the municipal solid waste stream
(27.7 millions tons).4 Other high volume waste from these function
areas include plastic, corrugated, rubber, wood, and paper. Many
WasteWise partners reduce these wastes by purchasing in bulk,
composting, and reusing materials. Additional examples of waste
reduction initiatives are provided below.

•  Replace paper towels in bathroom with  a cloth towel roll
•  Purchase dispensers that regulate the amount of paper towels
•  Purchase mulching lawnmowers  or retrofit mowers and leave
   grass clippings on lawn
•  Buy a chipper to turn tree and shrub clippings into mulch
•  Compost landscaping waste on-site
•  Use concentrated cleaners
•  Send used air filters from heavy equipment and vehicles to be
   cleaned and reconditioned
•  Replace disposable filters for outside air or circulating systems
   with reusable filters
4 Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1998 Update.
 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, p.47-51, 1999.

•  Use old linens, which are no longer presentable, as rags for the
   remainder of their useful life
•  Repair and reuse metal skids instead of scrapping and replacing
•  Refill cleaning product containers
•  Use old newspapers as mulch
•  Clean and reuse rags, gloves, and mop heads
•  Donate excess building materials to local low-income housing
•  Reuse trash can liners or eliminate their use where possible
•  Establish a "user-review team" to examine reuse opportunities
   and reduce waste generation during maintenance operations

•  Purchase equipment to improve the collection of recyclables
•  Build a storage shed for recyclables
•  Add an employee drop-off center for recyclables
•  Recycle collected waste concrete and porcelain for road
•  Work with building management  to initiate or expand
   recycling  programs for various materials
•  Promote recycling within company office space and to the
   building owner

•  Purchase flooring materials with  recycled-content
•  Increase purchase of recycled-content products in the bathroom,
   such as toilet paper and paper towels
•  Use compost as a top soil amendment
•  Increase purchase of retread tires
•  Use postconsumer,  recycled-content janitorial supplies
•  Purchase curbing and parking bumpers made with recycled-
   content plastic
•  Purchase recycling bins made with recycled-content plastic
                                                                 SELECTED GOALS
   The City of Clifton, New
 Jersey, salvaged more than 400
 tons of street sweepings to use
        as landfill cover.
 Disneyland Resort purchased
  furniture, including benches,
  picnic tables, and kraft tables,
 made from 100 percent recycled
HOPE plastic for its outdoor guest
 Los Angeles Department of
Water and Power, in California,
 conserved more than 6 tons of
    building and construction
materials, including carpeting and
  office supplies, by reusing or
donating these materials through
the building's remodeling salvage
  King County, Washington,
   Department of Natural
 Resources constructed its King
Street Center with concrete lobby
   tiles made with chips of 100
     percent recycled glass.

    U.S. Postal Service -
   Northeast Area started a
 "Country Store" that reused 120
 tons of equipment from 382 post
     offices in one district.
Bank of America reconditioned
 and reissued 74,930 pieces of
  surplus furniture and 25,470
pieces of office equipment, saving
      nearly $28 million.
 Constellation Energy Group
  donated 27 tons of computers
  and electronic equipment for
   reuse through its computer
      donation program.
 Seattle University's Surplus
  Store sold 71 tons of surplus
     goods such as tables,
     blackboards, computer
    equipment, and desks to
  community members, saving
  nearly $24,000 and using the
 revenues to support its recycling
General  WasteWise Goals

            0'S'Wiw partners implement a number of waste
         f reduction activities on an organizationwide basis.
           These efforts range from conducting employee
education campaigns to developing techniques to measure waste
reduction and instituting waste reduction policies that cover all
employees. Management can use organizationwide initiatives to
establish and communicate a commitment to waste reduction that
empowers employees to act, such as issuing a formal environmental
policy statement that includes waste reduction as an essential
element. Organizationwide efforts to reduce waste can also foster a
feeling of pride in the workplace as employees work collectively to
improve their environment. Examples of organizationwide activities
initiated by WasteWse partners are detailed below.

•  Establish a waste reduction policy
•  Offer online newspapers to  employees
•  Post organization-wide memos rather than distributing paper
   copies to each employee
•  Distribute corporate telephone directories and manuals
•  Communicate with customers and employees using e-mail
•  Eliminate quarterly  reports by putting information on a toll-free
   phone line
•  Avoid outdated letterhead by installing company letterhead on
   employees' computers
•  Remove organization name from bulk mailing lists
•  Post employee forms, organization announcements, and
   newsletters to Intranet

•   Donate old magazines and journals to hospitals, clinics, or
•   Reuse corrugated moving boxes internally
•   Rent reusable boxes for office moves
•   Donate unwanted supplies to local schools or non-profit
•   Develop an informal waste exchange with other organizations
•   Develop an electronic bulletin board to facilitate reuse of
    materials and equipment
•   Advertise surplus and reusable waste items through a
    commercial waste exchange

•   Eliminate paper training  manuals for new employees and install
    computer-based  learning centers
•   Publicize waste prevention activities through a new or existing
    employee newsletter
•   Create green teams to brainstorm waste prevention activities
•   Include waste prevention information in new employee
•   Develop an educational video for employees on elements  of
    your organization's waste prevention program
•   Conduct waste reduction contests among divisions with prizes
    and publicity
•   Train employees in waste reduction techniques
•   Promote the WasteWise program to other organizations

•   Require each site to periodically report on waste prevention,
    recycling, and cost avoidance
•   Establish a solid  waste measurement and reporting program to
    evaluate the success of waste prevention efforts
•   Conduct waste audits to determine waste composition
                                                                    SELECTED GOALS
 Motorola collected 103 tons of
  used computers, cell phones,
 electronic equipment, furniture,
and office supplies to be donated
 to schools and charities where
 possible and otherwise recycled.
    Alden Central School
 implemented a comprehensive
 waste reduction program at all
 campus buildings, including the

First National Bank and Trust
 Company expanded PC-based
reports, manuals, and procedures
 to reduce paper usage by more
than 4 tons. This activity included
  developing personnel status
 reports and interactive forms on
    the network and Internet.
       PARI Innovative
  Manufacturers introduced a
companywide "waste awareness"
    program, presenting the
 advantages of waste reduction
 and recycling during a company
    meeting and asking every
 employee to sign a commitment
   signifying their interest and

  The Coca-Cola Company
  provided a major boost to the
buy-recycled market by spending
  $2 billion on  recycled-content
Schlegel Systems expanded its
  recycling program to include
 monthly tours and inspections of
all areas to ensure employees are
Stoneyfield Farm instituted an
 employee bonus plan based on
     material use reduction.
 The Clorox Company shared
waste prevention information and
   results with employees and
   recognized the best waste
  management strategies at its
   The U.S. Postal Service-
Alabama District implemented
 several innovative programs to
     improve its electronic
  communications and tracking
    methods. These actions
   conserved 66 tons of paper
   through electronic routing of
documents, electronic time sheets
 and forms, online reporting, and
 electronic document scanning.
•  Centralize collection of all recyclables
•  Establish an inter-departmental recycling committee
•  Educate employees on recycling correctly, emphasizing
   contamination issues
•  Institute a policy of not emptying employees' trash cans if they
   contain recyclables
•  Purchase plain paper fax machines so faxes are recyclable
•  Formally track recycling activities using a current accounting
•  Acquire a compactor or baler to expand your recycling
•  Research potential markets for recyclables
•  Make an on-line report available to all facilities comparing trash
   and recycling goals to actual results
•  Promote recycling through an employee suggestion system
•  Save office newspapers and cans for local recycling programs
•  Increase recycling education and outreach programs in the

•  Invite organization purchasing agents to all recycling meetings
•  Print documents, such as newsletters and annual reports, on
   recycled-content paper
•  Continually review the recycled content in all products
•  Set purchasing policy to favor recycled-content products, such
   as price preference
•  Educate and promote the use of recycled-content paper to
•  Investigate "closed loop" programs, whereby an organization
   purchases products made from their own collected  materials,
   such as plastic trash bags made from company waste  plastics
•  Research new products with recycled content