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Course Outline
                                       v>EPA
  MOVES overview
   - What is Draft MOVES2009?
   - Comparison to MOBILES.2
  Making the transition to MOVES
  How does MOVES work?
  Running MOVES
   - Creating a RunSpec for a simple national scale run
   - Looking at MOVES output
   - Basics of MySQL
   - Using the County Data Manager to input local data
   - Modeling Custom Domains
   - Using the Project Level Data Manager
  Tips and tricks

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                                 vvEPA
MOVES
  MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator
  State-of-the-art modeling framework
  Will replace current models (MOBILE & NONROAD)
  and expand capabilities
  Designed to allow easier incorporation of large
  amounts of in-use data from a variety of sources
   - MOBILE structure limited ability to incorporate new emissions
    data

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                            Q   vvEPA

Why is EPA developing MOVES?
  CAA requires EPA to regularly update emission
  factors and emission factor models
  FORTRAN code used in MOBILE6.2 is obsolete and
  increasingly difficult to maintain
  Modular database structure more modern, easier to
  update with new emissions, fleet and activity data
  MOVES will eventually incorporate functions of the
  current NONROAD model, providing a single,
  comprehensive modeling system

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     t '* c
vvEPA
Why is EPA developing MOVES?
  National Research Council 2000 review of EPA's
  mobile source modeling program included several
  recommendations that are addressed by MOVES:
   - Support for smaller-scale analyses (project-level analysis)
   - Improved characterization of high emitters, heavy-duty
     vehicles and nonroad sources
   - Improved characterization of particulate matter and toxics
   - Improved model evaluation and uncertainty analysis
   - Improved ability to interface with other models

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                            vvEPA
MOBILE6.2 Uses Text Input and Output Files
                                                 7

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                                        v>EPA
MOVES Has a Graphical User Interface
 (MOVES can also be executed from a command line interface without
        use of the GUI, for batch or unattended operation)         o
                                                                  8

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New Software Structure
  MOBILES.2
   -  Written in Fortran, runs in DOS
   -  Many data elements hard-coded (difficult to modify/update)
  MOVES
   -  Java/MySQL software
   -  Data elements stored in database tables (easy to
     modify/update)

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More Flexibility
  MOBILE6.2
   - Gram/mile emission factors
   - Fixed output formats
  MOVES
   - Gram/mile emissions factors (grams/time for some processes)
   - Total emissions:  inventories for specific areas and time
     periods
   - Easily customizable output (many levels of
     aggregation/disaggregation possible)

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                                      vvEPA
Multiple Geographic Scales
  MOBILES.2
   -  Emissions rates based on regional-scale trip patterns (no
     specific geographic area)
  MOVES
   -  Emissions inventories from national level to county level to
     project level
   -  Lookup table option for emission rates

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                                vvEPA
Modal Emissions
  MOBILES.2 rates based on aggregate driving
  cycles
  MOVES rates based on "operating modes"
  - Second-by-second activity is captured by the model
    (does not need to be provided by users, but can be)

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                                       vvEPA
MOVES Uses New Data
 ^^M
  Activity
   -  In-use vehicle trip patterns
   -  Rural area activity data
  Light-duty vehicles
   -  Assessed millions of light-duty vehicles
   -  Landmark gasoline PM study (Kansas City)
   -  Remote Sensing Data
  Heavy-duty vehicles
   -  More than 100 in-use vehicles from VWU
   -  New on-board  real-world driving data from over 300
     vehicles
                                               13
                                                                13

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   c/t v
Q   vvEPA
Energy and GHG analysis
  MOBILES.2 had simplistic fuel economy and CO2
  calculations
  MOVES is designed from the ground up as an
  energy consumption model
  Also estimates greenhouse gases: CO2, methane,
  nitrous oxide, and CO2 equivalents of these
  While the energy and emissions rates are still
  officially "draft", this is the best available tool for
  this type of analysis
                                         14

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  How Do Emissions
   Estimates of Draft
MOVES2009 Compare to
     MOBILE6.2?
                             15

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              * C.
vvEPA
Early  Draft MOVES Results
  Data collected since MOBILE6 released drives differences
  between MOVES and MOBILES
  National trends
   - HC and CO emissions similar or lower than MOBILE6.2
   - Total NOx emissions higher than MOBILE6.2
   - Total PM emissions substantially higher than MOBILE6.2
  Local results may vary
   - Local fleet mix, fuels, activity are important
   - Temperature drives PM emissions
  For attainment analysis, relative change in emissions
  between base year and attainment year is more important
  than absolute emissions
                                                   16

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   c/t v
Q   vvEPA
Why are emissions different?
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m
  New car and light truck emissions data
 New heavy truck emissions data
 New emissions processes not included in
  MOBILES
 Updated fuel and vehicle standards
                                  17

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                                 Q  vvEPA
Significant new data  in  MOVES
  Updated emission rates
   - Test results on millions of vehicles considered for MOVES
       Passenger Cars & Trucks
       Heavy Duty Trucks
  New fleet & activity defaults
   - National defaults:
       Vehicle fleet from state registration data, VIUS
       Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) from HPMS
       Driving patterns from instrumented vehicle surveys
   - For local modeling, local data is likely to be most accurate &
     up-to-date
                                               18

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                                     vvEPA
Extensive analysis of Car & Light
Truck emissions
  ^^^^^^^^^B
  HC/CO/NOx rates based on - 70,000 vehicles
  randomly selected from Arizona IM program
   - Able to tease out emissions from I/M and non I/M areas
  Checked against data from multiple sources
   - I/M data from Illinois, New York, Missouri and Colorado
   - Roadside remote sensing data from several cities
   - Kansas City Study
  Extended to newest technology vehicles using
  compliance data
   - In-use emissions data manufacturers required to collect
   - About 2,000 laboratory tests per year               ,.

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             *  C.
vvEPA
Gasoline PM a major focus
  Landmark study conducted in Kansas City 2004-05
  to address need for improved gas PM estimates
   - Collaboration between EPA, DOE, DOT, States, Auto/Oils
  496 gasoline light-duty cars and trucks tested
   - Model Years 1968-2005
  Summer and winter testing
   - ~ half of the vehicles tested each season @ ambient temps
   - 43 vehicles tested in both winter and summer
  More information at
      http://www.epa.gov/otaq/emission-factors-research/
                                              20

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                                 vvEPA

What we've learned about Car &
Light Truck emissions
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^

  New standards have been successful in reducing
  deterioration of HC/CO/NOx emissions
  On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) systems are a
  contributing factor to lower deterioration
  - Owner response to repair identified malfunctions is better than
    MOBILES projected, particularly in non-l/M areas
  Gas PM emissions are much higher than MOBILES
  projected
  - Higher in-use deterioration
  - Significant increase at cold temperatures

                                        21

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                              &EPA
Arizona I/M NOx data by Model Year and Age
             LDV WEIGHTED
           NOx \ts. Ago (years), LDV

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                                   vvEPA
Heavy Duty Diesel emissions
updated based on  real world data
  MOBILES relied on certification data
  - Engine tests only
  Much research on in-use trucks since MOBILES
  - CRCE-55
      75 trucks on chassis dynamometer
      Only real-time PM data of it's kind
  - On-Board Measurement: -350 trucks on road
      Provided most robust assessment of NOx emissions available
  Extended idle, crankcase, starts, tampering & mal-
  maintenance factored in (not in MOBILES)
                                          23

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                                      vvEPA
What we've learned about Heavy
Duty Diesel emissions
  NOx
   -  In-use emissions moderately higher than MOBILES projected
   -  Extended idle (hoteling) emissions are significant
       And projected to grow as percent of NOx inventory
  PM
   -  Significant speed effect
       MOBILES did not model any speed impacts
       Large increase in emissions at lower speeds vs. MOBILES
   -  Crankcase emissions significant
                                             24

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            *  C.
vvEPA
Analysis of Local Area Impacts
  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M
  Did preliminary comparison of MOVES and
  MOBILES using surrogate local data to represent 3
  different urban counties
   -  Local data very limited, may not be consistent with what states
     will actually use
  Local data varied by:
   -  Fleet age distribution
   -  Fraction of light and heavy duty VMT
   -  Local fuel specifications
   -  Meteorology
   -  Other input factors
                                             25

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I/M program data shows MOBILE6
underestimated NOx emissions from
light trucks
On-road data on heavy trucks shows
higher emissions than  MOBILE6
estimated from cert data
Extended idle emissions become
significant share of heavy-duty
inventory in future
           City A - NOx
     2008      2015      2020
                                                       City B - NOx
                      Extended |
                      ldle=34% I
2008
         2015
                   2020
                                                       CityC -NOx
                                                 2008     2015      2020
                                                                             26

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I/M program data shows MOBILE6
overestimated HC emissions from
newer technology cars
Evaporative emissions on newer
technology vehicles very low; re-
evaluating leak emissions for final
model
           City A - HC
   2008       2015       2020
                                                     City B - HC
                                              2008      2015      2020
                                                2008     2015     2020
                                                                           27

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           PM
                2.5
Kansas City program found high gas PM
emissions esp. at cold temps
New data on heavy trucks shows higher
deterioration than MOBILES
MOVES accounts for impact of vehicle
speed - MOBILE did not
          City A-PM 2.5
    2008     2015     2020
City B - PM2.5
                                            2008
                                                     2015
                                                               2020
                                                  CityC -PM2.5
                                            2008      2015      2020

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Percent Reduction in On-Road
         Emissions
       2008 to 2015

HC
NOx
PM2.5
City A
MOVES
50%
54%
57%
MOBILES
50%
56%
40%
CityB
MOVES
39%
40%
52%
MOBILES
32%
52%
40%
CityC
MOVES
38%
36%
38%
MOBILES
31%
53%
23%
                           29

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                                            vvEPA
What It Means
   Higher NOx and PM emissions mean mobile sources have
   bigger role in attainment
   Percent reduction from base year is key to attainment
   analysis
   - PM2.5 shows higher overall emissions and higher % reductions
        Effect on attainment demonstrations could be positive
   - NOx shows higher overall emissions but lower % reduction
        Harder to show attainment
        Future NOx control measures will have a bigger impact
   States may need to redo some motor vehicle emissions
   budgets to meet conformity requirements with MOVES
                                                     30

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                             Q  vvEPA
I/M Effects In  MOVES
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^B

  Benefits are comparable to MOBILE6 now,
  but will shrink over time.
  - Conservative M6 OBD assumptions not supported
    by data
      CRC did comprehensive survey of MIL response in non-l/M
      areas
      Found high response even after warranty
  - Our analysis of I/M program data confirms that OBD
    works
                                         31

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32

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MOVES Schedule
  January 2005
   -  MOVES2004 released
         Includes energy consumption, greenhouse gases
  May 2007
   -  MOVES Demo released
         Basic structure of MOVES without criteria pollutant emission factors
  April 2009
   -  Release of Draft MOVES2009
         Adds draft criteria pollutant emission factors
  End of 2009
   -  Planned release of official MOVES2009
         Final onroad criteria pollutant model
  2009+
   -  Begin adding nonroad emissions to MOVES
                                                        33

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   t/t v
&EPA
Draft MOVES2009 - New
Capabilities
  First release of MOVES that includes criteria
  pollutant emissions and toxics
  Adds more features to simplify regional and
  project-level analysis for SIPs and conformity
      County Data Manager
      Project Level Data Manager
      Data Importers
                                      34

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                                     vvEPA
Draft MOVES2009 - Limitations
  Draft model
   - No official use requiring Draft MOVES2009
   - Cannot be used for SIPs or conformity analyses
  Does not include all data or features planned for
  official MOVES2009 and has known and unknown
  bugs, for example:
   - Motorcycle emissions not yet included
   - Plan to add more flexibility for VMT input
   - Known bugs in refueling vapor and spillage processes and
    project level scale
                                            35

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                              &EPA
Why release Draft MOVES2009?
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m
  Help us identify problems with MOVES
  Provide feedback on whether MOVES meets user
  needs
  - What we can do to improve it?
  Identify guidance issues
  Start learning MOVES now to be ready to use final
  MOVES2009 as soon as it is released
  - Use MOVES2009 for SIPs due in 2012 and 2013
                                   36

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                                       vvEPA
Official MOVES2009
  Official MOVES2009 planned for release at the end
  of 2009
  Will be official version of MOVES foron-road
  vehicles outside of California
  Use will be required for:
  - State Implementation Plans (SIPs)
  - Regional conformity analysis
      Following regional conformity grace period of 3 to 24 months
  - Project level conformity analysis for PM and CO
      Following project level conformity grace period
      NEPA analysis (e.g., air toxics)
                                               37

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                                      vvEPA
Easing the Transition to MOVES
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H
  Improved handling of different domain sizes
   - Added GUI for nonattainment area and project level analysis to
    allow users to specify local inputs
  Developed data importers which:
   - Ease conversion of MOBILE inputs to MOVES inputs
       More to come
   - Allow input of data as text files
  Writing future guidance documents
   - Technical guidance will address when and what type of local
    input is needed
                                             38

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                              vvEPA
Levels of Analysis in MOVES
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m
 MOVES is designed to work at macro, meso, and
  micro scales
  These translate into different geographic domains:
  - National
  - Nonattainment Area or County
  - Project
  Added GUI to Draft MOVES2009 for local inputs for
  nonattainment area and project level analysis
                                    39
                                                 39

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                                      vvEPA
Default County Level Data in Draft
MOVES2009
  National domain will produce results for the nation,
  specific states, or specific counties
   -  Current default county level data in MOVES is a mix of
     national defaults, national data disaggregated to county level
     with adjustment factors, and local data from various sources
   -  Users cannot rely on default county level data to be accurate
     or up to date and it should not be used for SIPs or conformity
     analysis
  For SIPs and regional conformity analysis, users
  should select the county domain and enter local
  data using the County Data Manager

                                              40

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                                   vvEPA


What Are MOVES Data Importers?
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Software interfaces that can create alternate databases, tables,
 and data records for use by MOVES
 Draft MOVES2009 includes data importers to simplify creation
 of local input files
 Advantages
 -  Do not require knowledge of database commands and syntax
 -  Can assure the updates are made only to the appropriate tables
 -  Can require complete information from users, preventing data
    gaps
 -  Can include some error checks
 -  Can be designed to convert data from MOBILES to MOVES format
                                          41

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                                   vvEPA
Future Guidance Documents
  EPA expects to release several guidance
  documents that will help with the transition for
  final MOVES
  - MOVES Technical Guidance for SIPs and conformity
  - Project Level Conformity Guidance for PM
  - MOVES SIP and Conformity Policy Guidance
  Will release draft guidance for comment sometime
  after release of Draft MOVES2009
  Final guidance documents will be available when
  Official MOVES2009 is released

                                           42

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                            x>EPA

MOVES Technical Guidance for
SIPs and Conformity
 ^^^^^^^^^^=
  Answers these questions:
  - When can model defaults be used?
  - When is local information needed?
  - What are acceptable sources of local information?
  See MOBILES.2 Technical Guidance for examples
  of past answers to these questions:
  - Registration (age) distribution
  - Mileage accumulation
                                      43
                                                   43

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   c/t v
Q  vvEPA
Project Level Guidance for PM
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m
  How to do project level analysis for PM2.5 and
  PM10 with MOVES for conformity
  Similar to Technical Guidance, but focused on
  specific needs for project level analysis
  Will also address how to use air quality models for
  project level analysis
                                   44

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                                    vvEPA
MOVES SIP and Conformity Policy
Guidance
  Answers these questions:
   - When should MOVES be used for development of new SIPs?
   - When should MOVES be used for new conformity
    determinations?
      Conformity grace period can be 3 to 24 months
   - Any other general policy questions for the transition from
    MOBILE to MOVES
  Actual date that MOVES becomes official for SIP
  and conformity purposes is based on Federal
  Register notice announcing availability
                                           45

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46

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                                      vvEPA
         MOVES Documentation
           User Guide
           Software Design/Reference Manual
           Technical documentation
           Presentations and summaries
           Guidance
           Other documents
MOVES documentation takes many forms.
                                                            47

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MOVES User Guide
  The MOVES User Guide describes:
   -  Installation instructions
   -  The features of the graphical user interface (GUI)
   -  Instructions on how to access each feature
   -  Step-by-step example run
   -  Accessing results using MS Access
   -  Running MOVES in a batch mode

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             * C.
vvEPA
MOVES Software Design and Reference
Manual
  The Software Design and Reference Manual
  (SDRM) describes:
   -  The hardware and software requirements
   -  Software design components
   -  Overview of processing, data and control flow
   -  Functional design:
       Generators (process input data)
       Calculators (generate results)
       Aggregators (summarize input and outputs)
   -  Input and output database tables and design
                                               49

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                           Q  vvEPA
MOVES Database
 ^^^^^^^^^

  MOVES database documentation is included when
  MOVES is installed
  The documentation is located in the "ReadMe"
  directory of the MOVES MySQL database folder
  Documents include:
  - Table and field descriptions with units
  - Table relationship charts
  - Database quality checks
                                      50

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                                     vvEPA
Technical Reports
  MOVES technical reports describe the
  development of:
   - Activity algorithms and default data
   - Meteorological algorithms and default data
   - Emission rate algorithms and default data
  These reports address the sources of the data
  used by MOVES
  New reports are written when the algorithms or the
  default data are updated
                                            51

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   c/t v
Q   vvEPA
MOVES Presentations
  Presentations (such as this one) are made
  available on the MOVES web site
  Presentations can provide a summarized version of
  the information in the more detailed documentation
  Presentations often contain examples that were not
  included in the original detailed documentation
                                         52

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Other MOVES Documents
  The MOVES web site contains other documents
  that may be of interest to MOVES users:
   -  Physical Emission Rate Estimator (PERE)
   -  MOVES Design and Emissions Analysis Plans
   -  Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) Modeling Workgroup
     materials
   -  MOVES Training materials
   -  Validation results

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54

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                           x>EPA
Master - Worker Structure
  MOVES
  Execution
  Database
MOVES Master
(MOVES GUI)

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                                  x>EPA
Geography and Time in MOVES
   Modeling domain is the entire U.S.
   -   50 States plus (DC, Puerto Rico, & Virgin Islands)
   -   3222 Political subdivisions (counties as of CY 1999)
   Calendar years (1990,1999-2050)
   s   12 months of the year
   s   Week days and weekend days
   s   24 hours of the day
                                         56
                                                        56

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                                     ve/EPA
Emission Processes
 Running Exhaust
 Start Exhaust
 Extended Idle
 Evaporative Processes
  -  Permeation, Vapor Venting, Leaks, Refueling
    Displacement, Refueling Spillage
 Crankcase
 Tire Wear
 Brake Wear
 Well-To-Pump (energy only)
                                                             57

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                                     ve/EPA
MOVES Source Types
(vs. HPMS Vehicle Types)
HPMS
Vehicle Type
Motorcycle
Passenger Car
Other 4-tire, 2
axle
Bus
Single Unit Truck
Combination
Truck
MOVES2004 & HVI Demo
SourceType
Motorcycle
Passenger Car
Passenger Truck
Light Commercial Truck
Intercity Bus
Transit Bus
School Bus
Refuse Trucks
Short-haul Single Unit
Long-haul Single Unit
Motorhomes
Short-haul Combination
Long-haul Combination
                               Sub-categories (like
                               refuse trucks and
                               motorhomes) will be
                               addressed in guidance;
                               EPA does not expect
                               areas to have local data
                               for all subcategories.
                                            58
                                                             58

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                                    x>EPA
Road Types
    For running emissions, county-level VMT
    is distributed to four road types:
       Rural Restricted Access (freeways and Interstates),
       Rural Unrestricted Access,
       Urban Restricted Access (freeways and Interstates),
       Urban Unrestricted Access
    A fifth road type, "off-network", is
    included to capture start, evaporative
    and extended idle emissions
   -   This is not the same as "off-network" vehicle
       activity in the travel modeling world.
                                                           59

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                                    x>EPA
Vehicle Ages
  Emission rates can vary by age as well as
  model year; activity also varies by age
  Vehicles 0-29 & 30+ years old modeled
  Age groups used for emissions calculations
  - 0 to 3 years old
  - 4 or 5 years old
  - 6 or 7 years old
  - 8 or 9 years old
  - 10 to 14 years old
  - 15 to 19 years old
  - 20 or more years old
                                           60
                                                           60

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                                    vvEPA
Emissions by Source, Age, Mode
   AMOVES uses a different rate for each
     combination of:
     - Source,
             Age group, and
                        Operating mode
                             \
  Sas-LDV-MY1998  8-9 years      "low-speed" coast
  eas-LDT-MV2002  4-5 years "cruise/accel" (speed 25-50 mph, VSP 12-15
                           kW/tonne)
                                           61

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                                      vvEPA
How MOVES handles vehicle
activity - Definitions
  Vehicle Specific Power (VSP) - a measure of the
  energy the vehicle is using at a moment in time
   - Affected by acceleration, road grade, resistance, etc.
  Operating Mode - what the vehicle is doing, i.e.,
  accelerating, braking, cruising, idling
   - Vehicles use different VSP in different operating modes
   - MOVES defines 23 operating mode bins - combinations of
    speed and VSP for different running conditions plus additional
    operating modes for starts and evaporative emissions
  Drive Cycle - a second-by-second description of
  vehicle activity overtime, typically including
  multiple operating modes
                                              62

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                                 v>EPA
MOVES: Operating Mode Bins
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M

  Division of total activity into categories that
  differentiate emissions
  Defined by speed and
  for running emissions
  There will be additional operating mode
  distributions for start and evaporative emissions in
  MOVES2009
                                        63
                                                      63

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                                &EPA
Modal "Binning" Approach
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m
Any driving pattern can be modeled
 - Adds major flexibility compared to MOBILE
Allows direct use of data from many sources
Provides common emission rates for all scales
Independent validation has shown good results
even for macroscale application
                                       64
                                                    64

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                                    vvEPA
Running Operating Modes in
MOVES
  MOVES uses second-by-second emissions data
  categorized in operating mode bins based on
  combination of speed and VSP
  MOVES includes default operating mode
  distributions based on typical driving cycles
  - Different road types in MOVES have different default operating
    mode distributions
  Users can create other operating mode
  distributions based on other driving cycles
  - Unlike MOBILE, any driving pattern can be modeled in
    MOVES
                                           65

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                                 &EPA
Operating Mode Bins
                              PLUS
                              One mode each for idle
                              (Bin 0),
                              and deceleration/brakin
                              (Bin 1)
                              Gives a total of
                          37 I 23 opModes

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                                                       .C.CDA
                       HC Emission Rates By Bin

                     Source Bin: LDV Gasoline /1996 MY
                      0-3 year old
                                        4-5 year old
  100
Si
ro
o:
U)

U)
ro
01
O
10 -


V
' 4
ft .-9
? $>





\\
' 1
C) 

*V 1 M , 50 mph f * Q *3? <^ I 4 1 4 >


-------
                        v>EPA
 30%
 20% -
g 10% H
 0%
Distribution of Time by Mode
I

< 25 mph
ill,..
25-50 mph
Mini.
>5
\
On
I
i
-
VSP/Speed Bin
D Rural Highway  Urban Non-Highway
P
,
ri

W


*

-
^





-------
              *  1C.
vvEPA
New Analysis Opportunities
  Modal emission structure allows calculation of "Project-
  level" emission changes
   - Changes in operating mode distribution -> changes in emissions
  Includes an "importer" to help users input project-specific
  information on driving activity
   - Users can enter operating mode distribution or driving pattern by link
  Areas will want tools to estimate how changing road design
  affects operating modes
   - Adding lanes?
   - Synchronizing signals?
   - Replacing stop signs with rotaries?
  Creates need to better characterize driving patterns  -
  MOVES defaults may not characterize local patterns, esp project level
                                                     69

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                           Q   vvEPA
MOVES Databases
 ^^^^^^^^^^=

  MOVES stores information in MySQL databases
  The Draft MOVES2009 default database has 119
  different tables that store
  - Lookup/reference information
  - Conversion/adjustment factors
  - Emissions data
  - Activity data
  MOVES also uses databases to store intermediate
  results and final output
                                       70
                                                     70

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                                       x>EPA
MOVES  Databases
 Input Databases (default or user-created)
  -  Default Input Database
  -  User Input Database(s) (optional-MOVES will run with just
    defaults for the National Scale)
 Execution Database (created by MOVES)
  -  Resolves differences between the user input and default
    data
  -  Contain information needed for a particular run
  -  Temporary storage for intermediate results
  -  Resources for new modeling applications
 Output Database (created by user)
  s Run results
  s Run diagnostics and documentation
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Output
  Post-processing scripts
  MOVES Summary Reports
  Exporting MOVES output to EXCEL
  MySQL can also be used to summarize output
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Errata Sheet
  Default vehicle miles traveled (VMT) projections may not match
  the VMT projections used in other EPA models (such and the
  National Mobile Inventory Model, NMIM).
  There will be no output of Benzene, Ethanol, MTBE, Naphthalene
  or Methane for the Refueling Vapor or Refueling Spillage loss
  processes, even though there are check boxes for these pollutants
  in the Pollutants and Processes panel.
  When you execute MOVES, you get the pop-up window that
  allows you to cancel. However, if you instead hit the X in the
  top corner of the box, the program will execute. The normal
  response should be to cancel the run.
  There will be no output of Methane for Evaporative Vapor,
  Evaporative Permeation or Evaporative Leak losses, even though
  there are check boxes for these processes for Methane in the
  Pollutants and Processes panel.

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Errata  Sheet
   There are no options to get non-methane hydrocarbon, non-methane
   organic gases, total organic gases or volatile organic compound
   speciation of total gaseous hydrocarbons or options for methane, nitrous
   oxide, benzene, ethanol, MTBE, naphthalene, 1,3-butadiene,
   formaldehyde, acetaldehyde or acrolein for the crankcase running,
   crankcase start or crankcase extended idle processes.
   There are no options to get non-methane hydrocarbon, non-methane
   organic gases, total organic gases or volatile organic compound
   speciation of total gaseous hydrocarbons or options for methane or
   nitrous oxide for the  extended idle process.
   The sulfate participate (PM10 and PM2.5) results from the Extended
   Idle Exhaust process are not correct. This will also cause the
   Primary Exhaust Particulate Total results (PM10 and PM2.5) for this
   process to be incorrect.
   When using the Project Level scale, the Extended Idle Exhaust
   process will only produce results for Total Energy Consumption.
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Errata Sheet
  In the Time Spans panel, if you choose the Time Aggregation
  Level Year, the panel will still allow you to choose Months, Days
  and Hours. Of course, since you want a total year, selecting
  anything other than all months, days and hours will cause
  problems. If you choose the Time Aggregation Level Year, you
  must select all months, days and hours.
  Similarly, if you choose the Time Aggregation Level Month, you
  must select all days and hours. If you choose the Time
  Aggregation Level Day, you must select all hours.
  When making a retrofit parameter file for importing for the On
  Road Retrofit Strategies panel, you must not use the PollutantID,
  ProcessID, FuelTypelD or SourceTypelD numbers. You must use
  the text names for these parameters.
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Errata Sheet
  This version of MOVES does not include criteria pollutant or
  air toxic emission factors for motorcycles.  Composite fleet
  emission rates of criteria pollutants or air toxics that are intended
  to include motorcycle emissions will not properly reflect their
  contribution.
  The Well-to-Pump emission process in this version of MOVES has
  not been updated and will not produce appropriate emission
  results. Users should not select Well-to-Pump process.
  The emission results for non-methane hydrocarbon, non-methane
  organic gases, total organic gases or volatile organic compound
  speciation of total gaseous hydrocarbons from Refueling Vapor
  and Refueling Spillage losses are not correct.  Do not select these
  pollutants when including refueling emissions.
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Errata Sheet
  The option to Manage Input Datasets or the Pre-Processing Data
  Importer option does network properly in some circumstances.
  We are scoping the problem.
  The Calculation Type of Emission Rates on the Scale panel
  will produce emission rates only for the Exhaust Running
  process.
  If you select only the brake wear and tire wear toggle boxes for
  PM, the Distance Traveled toggle box will  be inaccessible.  You
  will need to select another pollutant in the  Running process in
  order to obtain vehicle miles traveled information along with brake
  wear and tire wear emissions
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                                      vvEPA
What Should You Do Now?
  Update computer hardware
   -  Dual-core processor (faster is better)
   -  At least 1 GB memory (more is better)
   -  At least 40 GB storage (more is better, output files can be
     very large)
   -  Consider setting up a distributive network (specs of
     "master" computer are key)
   -  Windows XP or 32-bit Vista
       Current version of MySQL does not work on 64-bit Vista
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                                    vvEPA
What Should You Do Now?
  Build staff expertise in relational databases and
  MYSQL
   - Not needed for simple runs
   - Some basic knowledge gives users flexibility to customize
    outputs and view inputs
   - In-house expert would be helpful for more advanced
    analysis
  Subscribe to MOBILENEWS email list for MOVES
  updates
   http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/mobilelist.htm
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                                      vvEPA
After Draft MOVES2009
  A lot will happen in the time between Draft
  MOVES2009 and Official MOVES 2009
   -  Give in-depth training
   -  Gather feedback from users during comment period
   -  Continue to improve usability and make any other necessary
     changes to MOVES
   -  Prepare MOVES guidance documents
  The more feedback you provide on Draft
  MOVES2009, the better Official MOVES2009 will be
   -  Please plan to begin testing and commenting on Draft
     MOVES2009 as soon as it is released
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vvEPA
Feedback
  We need your comments and ideas
   - Does MOVES meet your needs?
   - Did you find errors in MOVES?
  Official Comment Period:
   - Begins when Draft MOVES2009 is released
   - Comments are most effective when obtained early
  We are interested in your ideas to make MOVES
  better meet your needs
  Best way to  provide comments:
   - Send an email to: mobile@epa.gov
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                                &EPA
Visit the MOVES website:
http://www.epa.gov/otaq/ngm.htm
           MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator)
 Software, technical documentation, conference and meeting
  presentations, and other helpful background materials
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