Clean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program
         Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
                                           EPA832-F-07-001
                                            March 2007

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Photo Credits on front cover (clockwise from top left):

1) Lagoon and Sewer Improvements, Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico. 2) Great Plains Hall Lagoon, Arapahoe
Tribe of the Wind  River Reservation, Wyoming. 3) Sewer Improvements, Mescalero Apache Tribe of the
Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico.  4) Wastewater utilidor pipes, Alaska. 5) Wastewater lagoon.  6) Sewer
Improvements, Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico.

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                              Table of Contents






Program Overview	4




Project Eligibility	6




Funding	8




Administration of the CWISA Program	10




Sources of Additional Information	14




Program Contacts	15

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                                  PROGRAM OVERVIEW
1. What is the Clean Water Indian-Set Aside (CWISA) Program?

The CWISA Program provides funding for wastewater infrastructure to Indian tribes and Alaska Native Villages. Funds
may be used for planning, design, and construction of wastewater collection and treatment systems.  The CWISA Program
is administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in cooperation with the Indian Health Service (IHS)
Sanitation Facilities Construction Program.

2. Who is eligible to receive CWISA Program funding?

All federally recognized tribes, Alaska Native Villages, and tribes on former reservations in Oklahoma are eligible for
CWISA Program funds.

3. When and how was the CWISA Program established?

The CWISA Program was established by the 1987 Amendments to the Clean Water Act, in Section 518(c).

4. How does one  obtain funding from the CWISA Program?

Tribes must first contact their IHS Area office to determine if their wastewater needs are eligible to be entered into the IHS
Sanitation Deficiency System (SDS) priority list.  EPA uses the SDS priority list to identify priority wastewater projects for
funding.  CWISA Program coordinators in each EPA Region and IHS work together to determine the projects to be funded,
based on the ranking of projects in the SDS and available CWISA Program funding. The amount of CWISA Program
funding available to each EPA Region is based on each Region's tribal wastewater needs, as identified by the IHS Sanitation
Deficiency System.  Refer to Questions 11 and 12 for more information on the project selection process.

EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators will notify the tribe when a project is tentatively selected for funding. The
tribe may receive grants directly and manage the project itself, or, if IHS agrees, the tribe may request project funds to be
transferred to IHS to administer the project on the tribe's behalf.

5. How does a tribe get its wastewater needs into the Indian Health Service Sanitation
   Deficiency System?

IHS has 12 Area offices that collect data for the Sanitation Deficiency System annually.  Local IHS Area office
representatives can help tribes identify their wastewater needs for this purpose. During the data collection process, IHS
personnel may meet with or contact tribal representatives to discuss or obtain specific project proposals. Refer to pages 17
and 18 for IHS Area office contacts.

6. What is the deadline for getting wastewater needs into the Indian Health Service
   Sanitation Deficiency System? What is the timeframe for obtaining CWISA
   Program funds?

The table at the top of the following page provides a general timeframe for getting wastewater needs into the IHS Sanitation
Deficiency System and for obtaining CWISA Program funds.  For exact dates, please contact your local IHS Area office or
your EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinator; refer to pages 15-18.

At the time that EPA notifies the tribe that a project has been selected for funding, EPA will specify the amount of time the
tribe will have to meet certain requirements (refer to Question 27). If these requirements are not met within a reasonable
period of time (as determined by EPA) the money allocated for that project will be returned to the CWISA Program.

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Tlmeframe for Project Project Selection
Date:
February - May 2007
June 1,2007
June - July, 2007
August - December 2007
December 2007
February - May 2008
April - September 2008
Milestone:
Tribes identify sanitation needs to IHS Area offices.
Deadline for submission of tribal needs to IHS Area offices. (Check with
your IHS Area office to determine the exact date. IHS Area office
contacts are listed on pages 17-18).
IHS Area offices review and rank projects submitted to the Sanitation
Deficiency System (SDS).
IHS Headquarters reviews IHS Area office SDS project submissions.
Final SDS lists are made available to EPA Regional CWISA Program
coordinators.
EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators select projects from SDS.
EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators notify tribes that have
been selected for funding and award CWISA Program funds.
7.                                                         CWISA

The number of projects funded depends on the amount of CWISA Program funding available each year. In Fiscal Year
2006,45 tribal projects were funded with CWISA Program funds.

8.                                                In my
   the

The table below provides a summary of the number of tribal projects that have been awarded in each EPA Region between
1987 and 2006 with CWISA Program funding.
of Tribal Projects by
EPA Region
Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
Region 2 (NJ, NY)
Region 4 (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN)
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI)
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE)
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, LIT, WY)
Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NV)
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA)
Total:
Number of tribal
projects awarded between 1987 - 2006
10
7
28
31
52
15
55
263
150
611
Note: EPA Region 3 does not have any federally recognized tribes.

The amount of CWISA Program funding distributed to each EPA Region is based on each Region's tribal wastewater needs, as
identified by the IHS SDS. Certain EPA Regions, such as Region 9 (which includes AZ, CA, and NV) and Region 10 (AK, ID,
OR, WA), tend to receive more CWISA Program funding because they have relatively larger tribal wastewater needs.


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                                 PROJECT ELIGIBILITY
9.  What types of projects are funded by the CWISA Program? Do they have to be
    wastewater-related?

All projects funded by the CWISA Program must be wastewater-related. Project components that are eligible for funding
include:

     Interceptor sewers
     Wastewater treatment facilities (conventional or alternative)
     Infiltration/inflow correction
     Collector sewers
     Major sewer rehabilitation
     On-site treatment systems (e.g., septic systems)

10. Can CWISA Program funds be used to pay for the operations and maintenance of a
    wastewater treatment facility?

No.  CWISA Program funds can only be used to pay for the planning, design, and construction of wastewater projects.
They cannot be used to pay for the cost of operation and maintenance (O&M) of the wastewater facility. Nor can they be
used to pay for repairs to the treatment system in emergency situations. This prohibition against using CWISA Program
funds for O&M projects arises because the Clean Water Act does not define the term "construction" to include operation
and maintenance.

11. How does EPA select projects from the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System?

CWISA Program coordinators in each EPA Region and IHS work together to determine the projects to be funded, based on
the ranking of projects in the SDS and available CWISA Program funding. Final funding decisions are made by EPA.

12. How are projects ranked in the Indian Health Service Sanitation Deficiency
    System?

Projects are ranked in the Sanitation Deficiency System based on eight factors: health impact, existing deficiency level,
previous service, capital cost, O&M capability, contributions, local tribal priority, and local conditions.  Contact your IHS
Area office for additional information about each of these factors, or check the IHS  guidelines for the SDS at:
http://www.dsfc.ihs.gov/Documents/SDSWorkingDraft2003.pdf, p. 25 - 29.

13. Does the CWISA Program specifically  address water quality problems?  Are water
    quality needs identified in the Indian Health Service's Sanitation Deficiency System?

Yes. Water quality needs can be addressed through the CWISA Program. As stated in Section 216 of the Clean Water
Act, EPA's water quality goals are first to rectify deficiencies that are causing, or could potentially cause, human health
                       Clean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program

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problems. Once public health goals are attained, EPA will then concentrate on projects that address water quality goals,
such as meeting effluent permit limits or loading criteria.

This is also reflected in EPA's use of the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System (SDS) to prioritize projects. The SDS scoring
criteria give more weight to public health needs than to water quality needs.  Projects necessary to solve public health
problems would have higher SDS scores than projects designed to rectify water quality problems. EPA would most likely
give higher priority to a wastewater treatment project which addressed environmental and human health needs over a
project which addressed only environmental needs.

14. Can future needs be addressed through  the Indian  Health  Service's Sanitation
    Deficiency System?

Generally, no.  The Sanitation Deficiency System identifies current sanitation deficiencies for existing Indian homes.
Therefore, a project that was submitted primarily to meet future needs (such as projects necessary to meet projected
population growth) will not be considered.  However, facilities constructed to meet existing needs are usually designed with
flexibility to accommodate some future expansions.

15. Can CWISA Program funds be used for wastewater projects that are linked to
    economic development projects?

No. These projects are not eligible for CWISA Program funds. EPA currently uses the Indian Health Service's Sanitation
Deficiency System (SDS) to prioritize wastewater needs. The SDS considers only immediate needs for sanitation facilities
and not those needs that will spur economic development or growth.  However, federal programs such as the Department of
Housing and Urban Development's Indian Community Development Block Grant Program; the Department of Agriculture's
Water and Waste Disposal Program; and the Department of Commerce's Economic Development Grants for Public Works
and Development Facilities Program do fund economic development projects.  Additional information about these programs
can be found in the Tribal Resource Directory for Drinking Water and Wastewater Treatment, available at:
http://www.epa.gov/owm/mab/indian/tribal-resource-directory.html.
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                                          FUNDING
16. How much funding is available each year for the CWISA Program?  What is the
    average CWIS A Program award amount?

The amount of funding available varies each year. In Fiscal Year 2006, approximately $13 million in total was made
available for the CWISA Program.

The average award amount for individual projects is $300,000. In recent years, award amounts have ranged from $16,000
to $1,600,000. Award amounts will vary depending on the type of project.

CWISA Program funding is distributed annually to EPA Regions after the Regions identify which projects to fund from
the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System (SDS). The amount of CWISA Program funding distributed to each EPA Region
is based on each Region's tribal wastewater needs, as identified by the IHS SDS.  Certain EPA Regions, such as Region 9
(includes AZ, CA, and NV) and Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA), tend to receive more CWISA Program funding because they
have relatively larger tribal wastewater needs.

17. How much funding has the CWISA Program provided to-date?

Between 1987 and 2006, the CWISA Program has provided over $202 million in funding and 611 projects have been
funded. The table below provides a summary of the funding that has been provided to-date and the number of projects that
have been funded each year:
CWISA Program Annual Funding Levels (1987 - 2006)
Fiscal Year
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Total
Appropriation Amount
$5,805,000
$11,520,000
$4,705,000
$4,867,600
no funds appropriated
$9,743,000
$9,637,500
$6,090,000
$6,175,000
$6,742,500
$6,750,000
$6,750,000
$6,750,000
$6,727,100
$20,205,500
$20,250,000
$20,118,300
$20,130,500
$16,368,000
$13,301,300
$202,636,300
Projects Funded
7
19
5
8
-
14
12
8
24
25
29
25
28
31
57
61
95
57
61
45
611
                       Clean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program

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18. Where does funding for the CWISA Program come from?

Congress provides funding for the CWISA Program each year through its appropriation for the Clean Water State Revolving
Fund (CWSRF). The CWISA Program receives a 1.5% "set-aside" from the CWSRF annual appropriation.

19. Are matching funds required?

No. The purpose of the CWISA Program is to provide an opportunity for tribes to obtain wastewater treatment funds through a
simplified priority process that does not require any matching funds. Up to 100 percent of eligible project costs can be funded.

20. Can CWISA Program funds be combined with other sources of funding?

Yes.  CWISA Program funds can be used alone or can be used in conjunction with other funding sources. For example,
EPA and the Indian Health Service often provide joint funding for projects in the Sanitation Deficiency System.

21. When do CWISA Program funds become  available?

EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators select projects from the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System (SDS) between February
and May of each year, using the final SDS priority list from the previous year.  EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators
will notify the tribe when a project is selected for funding, generally between April and September of each year. Refer to the
Timeframe for Project Identification and Project Selection table on page 5.

22. Are pre-award costs (prior to the award of funding) eligible for CWISA Program
    funding?

Generally, no. Pre-award costs for projects selected for funding are eligible only with prior approval from the Regional
CWISA Program coordinator and only for emergency or other exceptional circumstances (see 40 CFR 35.2118, available at
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html. For example, in emergencies or instances where delay could result in significant
cost increases, the Regional EPA Administrator may approve preliminary building work, such as procurement of major
equipment requiring long lead times.

23. How are multi-phase wastewater treatment project costs covered by the CWISA
    Program?

Multi-phase projects are considered as separate projects. Tribes must apply for CWISA Program funds for each phase of
each project. The project must be listed and ranked within the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System to be eligible to receive
funding.  All phases must be independently operational and beneficial, because the next phase(s) of the project may not rank
high enough to be funded in subsequent years.

24. Does the CWISA Program cover cost overruns on projects?

No. There are no additional CWISA Program funds for projects that exceed their budget. Projects which have cost overruns
must be addressed by reducing the scope or restructuring the project, applying for additional funding under any subsequent
set-aside priority list, or seeking additional funds from other sources.

25.Are wastewater system costs for homes built with the Department of Housing and
    Urban Development (HUD) funds eligible under the CWISA Program?

Yes.  Wastewater systems for HUD-funded homes are eligible for funding under the CWISA Program.  However, funding
cannot be used for indoor plumbing or lateral connections to individual homes.

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                          ADMINISTRATION OF THE CWISA PROGRAM
       26.What options are available for administering CWISA Program funds?

       There are two ways in which CWISA Program funds may be administered:

           1) A grant from the CWISA Program may be made directly to the tribe. The tribe will be responsible for
          administering the grant.

          2) If IHS agrees, CWISA Program funding may be transferred to IHS. IHS will be responsible for administering the
          funding for the benefit of the tribe.

       This choice is left up to the tribe. The differences between these two options are described in more depth in Questions 27
       through 29. The chart on the following page provides a comparison of these two options.

       27. What program requirements and regulations must the tribe meet in order to receive
          a direct grant from EPA?  What are the tribe's responsibilities in administering a
          direct grant?

       If the tribe chooses to receive a direct grant from EPA, the tribe must submit a formal grant application to the EPA Re-
       gional CWISA Program coordinator.  The tribe is responsible for meeting all applicable grant regulations and require-
       ments, including procurement procedures, environmental review (including National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA)
       requirements), audit procedures, accounting principles, and progress reporting. Through a competitive process, the tribe is
       responsible for choosing an architectural/engineering (A/E) firm to design the project and a construction contractor to build
       the facility.

       The requirements for a tribe to receive a CWISA Program grant directly from EPA are discussed in the EPA's 1989 Guide-
       lines and Requirements for Applying for Grants from the Indian Set-Aside Program, available at http://www.epa.gov/owm/
       mab/indian/cwisa.html. While the requirements are designed specifically for the CWISA Program, they are based on the
       regulations contained in 40 CFR Part  31 (Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements
       to State and Local Governments) and  40 CFR Part 35 Subpart I (Grants for Construction of Treatment Works), available at
       http://www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html. Tribes  should work closely with their EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinator
       to determine which regulations  apply  to their project, as well as to ensure that all of the regulations are followed properly.

       28. What program requirements and regulations must the tribe meet if the Indian
          Health Service administers the  CWISA Program funds?

       If the tribe chooses to have the IHS Area office administer the CWISA Program funds, the tribe would sign a Memorandum
       of Agreement (MOA) with IHS (in most cases, the EPA Region also signs the MOA). The MOA ensures a mutual under-
       standing of each party's responsibilities for the construction of the project and the subsequent operation and maintenance of
       the constructed sanitation facilities.

       The CWISA Program funds are transferred by the EPA Region to the IHS Area office using an Inter-Agency Agreement
       (IAG) signed by both EPA and IHS. CWISA Program funds that are transferred to the IHS Area office will be administered
       by IHS under its policies and guidelines, including applicable Federal requirements, such as environmental review, and
       subject to its authorizing statutes (including the Indian Self-Determination Act, Indian Health Care Improvement Act, and
       PL. 86-121 (42 U.S.C. 2004a).
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                               Clean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program

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Comparison of CWISA Project Procedures: EPA Direct Grant vs. MOA with Indian Health Service
                               EPA CWISA Program Regional Coordinator and IMS Area Sanitation Facilities
                               Construction Program Director select wastewater project from SDS priority list.
                               EPA sends letter to tribe offering choice of direct EPA grant or MOA with IMS
             Tribe chooses direct EPA grant
 [
                                                                                  Tribe chooses MOA with IMS
:
Tribe and EPA sign grant agreement
1
r
Tribe develops facility plan and environmental
information document
                                                                             |   IMS develops project scope/project summary  |
                                                                              Tribe and IMS sign MOA (in most cases, the EPA
                                                                                       Region also signs the MOA)
                                                                                         EPA and IMS sign IAG
                                                                                 IMS/Tribe develop plans and specifications
          Tribe develops plans and specifications
          EPA approves plans and specifications
                                                                          IMS/Tribe notify EPA that plans and specifications
                                                                                  are completed (if applicable)
                                             L
                                                          Construction
J
                          direct EPA grant
                                                  |    Complete construction    |
                                                                                      MOA with IMS
                Tribe initiates operations
                                                                             IMS conducts final project inspection (EPA
                                                                                           invited)
     EPA/Tribe conduct final project inspection and final
    	technical report	
                                                                            IMS transfers system to Tribe (if applicable)
                                                                              One-year warranty begins (if applicable)
     EPA conducts one-year performance certification (if
    	applicable)	
                       lean
                                                                                         Tribe initiates operations
           EPA does administrative completion
                                                                         [
                                                                                     IMS reconciles financial accounts
                                          ]
                                                                               One-year performance certification (as needed).
                                                                                      IMS contacts Tribe, invites EPA
                                                                              	One-year warranty period ends	
                                                                         [
                                                                                               nty|
                                                                                      IMS closes financial accounts
                                          ]
                                                                                IMS prepares a final report and as-builts and
                                                                                           sends copy to EPA
                                            Audit (as necessary according to grant policies)
                                                         Audit resolution
                          direct EPA grant
                                                                                      MOA with IMS
EPA prepares close out letter to transfer files to tribe
                        I
                                                                                      Transfer agreement signed by IMS and
                                                                                                     tribe
                                              EPA performs close-out and recordkeeping
                                                                                                                       -o
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                                                                                                                            TJ
                                                                                                                            0)
                                               (Q
                                               B
                                               D
                                                                                                                           (Q
                                                                                                                            3

                                                                                                                            O
                                                                                                                            O
                                                                                                                            3
     O
     o
     T
     6
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       29. If the tribe requests the Indian Health Service to administer CWISA Program
           funds, can the tribe request an outside A/E to design the project and an outside
           construction contractor to build the facility?

       Yes, if the IHS agrees, since there may be additional resources required to administer the project in that manner.  If the tribe
       requests IHS to administer CWISA Program funds, the tribe has two options for designing and/or building its wastewater
       project:

           1) The tribe can have IHS administer the grant but request an outside architectural/engineering (A/E) firm to design the
           project and/or an outside construction contractor to build the facility. IHS would work with the tribe and the A/E to
           ensure (to the greatest extent possible) that all applicable EPA and/or IHS guidelines regarding the project are followed.
           (Refer to Question 30 for additional information about this option.)

           2) The tribe can have IHS design and build the project according to IHS's administrative and construction
           policies and procedures (i.e., procurement, environmental review, audit procedures, and accounting principles).

       30. Does the Indian Health Service's Sanitation Deficiency System project cost estimate
           recognize the additional costs of using a non-governmental engineer to design/
           manage the project? If not, how are these costs covered?

       Generally, no. IHS, with tribal consultation, provides the project cost estimate that is included in the Sanitation Deficiency
       System (SDS).  Any award of CWISA Program funds will be based on the SDS project cost estimate. Because of the
       method by which IHS structures its project cost estimate, the estimate could be low relative to what it would cost a non-
       governmental engineering firm to design/manage the same project.  The tribe needs to let IHS know during the SDS cycle
       if they desire an outside engineering organization, so that, if possible, an additional cost can be incorporated. However, the
       additional cost could lower the priority of the project, since capital cost is one of the priority ranking factors. If the tribe
       chooses to hire an outside engineering firm to do the work after the grant is approved, the project cost might be higher than
       the cost estimate contained in the SDS. In some cases when this has occurred, EPA Regional CWISA Program coordinators
       and the tribes have worked together to offset the increased project costs by scaling back the scope of the project.

       31. What percentage of CWISA Program recipients have requested the Indian Health
           Service to administer their CWISA Program funds? What percentage of recipients
           administered the grants themselves?

       To date, approximately 96% of CWISA Program recipients have requested the Indian Health Service to administer their
       CWISA Program funds. The remaining 4% of recipients have opted to administer the grants themselves (as a direct grant
       from EPA).

       32. Can tribes who have assumed the Indian Health Service Sanitation Facilities
           Construction Program responsibility under Title I or Title III of P.L. 93-638  (Indian
           Self-Determination Act) have CWISA Program funds transferred into their
           IHS compacts or contracts?

       No.  EPA does not have the authority within the Clean Water Act to enter into P.L. 93-638 contracts or compacts with tribes
       directly nor through inter-agency agreements with IHS for tribes. If a tribe chooses to receive CWISA Program funds as
       a direct grant from EPA, all of EPA's grant conditions and regulations must be fulfilled. If, on the other hand, the tribe
       chooses to have IHS administer the CWISA Program funds through an inter-agency agreement, then the funds will be ad-
       ministered by IHS as a P.L. 86-121 sanitation facilities construction project under IHS's policies and regulations.


12
   ,.,.-,             -              '-,     ...*"       ?                               <  f \     jpr
        '- '"     *     *     "  ICIean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program

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33. What is the relationship between the Environmental Protection Agency and the
    Indian Health Service in the administration of the CWISA Program?

The 1987 Amendments to the Clean Water Act (Section 518(e)), directed EPA to work with IHS to identify and address the
sanitation needs of tribes. To accomplish this, EPA entered into an inter-agency agreement and memorandum of under-
standing with IHS in 1988 to provide help with the administration of the CWISA Program. Because EPA does not have
the resources necessary at the field level to administer project grants by  itself, this partnership has allowed EPA and IHS to
work together to leverage the technical resources available through both agencies to address tribal sanitation needs. How-
ever, final decisions to fund CWISA Program projects are made by the EPA.

34. How will disputes between EPA and the Indian  Health Service, or EPA and the
tribes, be settled?

Some disputes  arise as a result of a misunderstanding of the project scope or program requirements. Problems
may occur if the tribe is not involved in the project's development from the beginning. Disputes can often be avoided by
emphasizing communications and developing a joint understanding of the technical, administrative and programmatic
aspects of the project.

An agreement on the resolution of disputes should be part of the Project Scope and/or the Memorandum of Agreement
(MOA) signed by the parties for each project. In many MOAs, the disputing parties are required to try to work out their
differences among themselves.  If no resolution can be achieved using this method, then the dispute is often turned over to
a review board appointed by the lead agency (EPA or IHS) for resolution. Many of these MOAs also give IHS and EPA the
right to cancel projects if they feel that their requirements are not being  met.
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                            SOURCES OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
       35. Where can I find additional information about the CWISA Program?

       The CWISA Program website contains program information, including program guidance documents and program contact
       information.  The website address is: http://www.epa.gov/owm/mab/indian/cwisa.html.  Information about the IHS Sanita-
       tion Facilities Construction program can be found at: http://www.dsfc.ihs.gov/index.cfm .
       36. Where can tribes obtain technical assistance?

       The Environmental Protection Agency and the Indian Health Service can provide technical assistance on a
       variety of topics, from complying with regulations to choosing low-cost alternative wastewater treatment technologies to
       administering CWISA Program funds. In addition, there are a variety of technical assistance providers, including the Rural
       Community Assistance Partnership, the National Environmental Service Center, the Native American Water Association,
       and other federal agencies, all of which may be able to assist tribes in specific areas. More information on these and other
       resources is available in the Tribal Resource Directory for Drinking Water and Wastewater Treatment, available at:
       http://www.epa.gov/owm/mab/indian/tribal-resource-directory.html.
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                                PROGRAM CONTACTS
EPA Regional CWISA Program Coordinators:

EPA Region 1
(CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
Website: http: //www.epa. gov/regionO 1 /
Jackie LeClair
Office of Ecosystem Protection
Municipal Assistance Branch
1 Congress St. Suite 1100
Boston, MA 02114-2023
(617)918-1549
FAX (617) 918-2064
e-mail: leclair.jackie@epa.gov
EPA Region 2
(NJ, NY)
Website: http://www.epa.gov/region2/
Muhammad Hatim
Water Programs Branch
290 Broadway
New York, NY 10007-1866
(212) 637-3855
FAX (212) 637-3891
e-mail:  hatim.muhammad@epa.gov
EPA Region 3
(DC, DE, MD, PA, VA, WV)
There are no federally recognized tribes in Region 3.
EPA Region 4
(AL, GA, FL, MS, NC, SC, TN, KY)
Website: http://www.epa.gov/region4/
Coretta Jones
Water Management Division
61 Forsyth Street, S.W.
(404) 562-9295
Atlanta, GA 30303-8960
FAX: (404) 562-8692
e-mail:  jones.coretta@epa.gov
EPA Region 5
(IL, IN, OH, MI, MN, WI)
Website: http://www.epa.gov/region5/
Stephen Poloncsik
NPDES Technical Support Branch (WD)
77 West Jackson Boulevard
Mail Code: WN-16J
Chicago, IL 60604-3507
(312)886-0261
FAX (312) 886-0168
e-mail:  poloncsik. Stephen @ epa. gov
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   EPA Region 6
   (AR, LA, OK, TX, NM)
   Website: http://www.epa.gov/region6/
                                                           Raj en Patel
                                                           Water Quality Protection Division
                                                           1445 Ross Avenue Suite, 1200
                                                           Mail Code: 6WQ-AP
                                                           Dallas, TX 75202-2733
                                                           (214) 665-2788
                                                           FAX (214) 665-6490
                                                           e-mail: patel.rajen@epa.gov
   EPA Region 7
   (IA, KS, MO, NE)
   Website: http://www.epa.gov/region7/
                                                           Don Gibbins
                                                           Water, Wetlands, and Pesticides Division
                                                           901 North Fifth Street
                                                           Mail Code: WWPDWIMB
                                                           Kansas City, KS 66101
                                                           (913) 551-7417
                                                           FAX (913) 551-7765
                                                           e-mail: gibbins.donald@epa.gov
   EPA Region 8
   (CO, UT, WY, MT, ND, SD)
   Website: http://www.epa.gov/region08/
                                                           Minnie Adams
                                                           Water Program
                                                           Technical & Financial Services Unit
                                                           1595 Wynkoop Street
                                                           Denver, CO 80202-1129
                                                           (303)312-6624
                                                           FAX (303) 312-6064
                                                           e-mail: adams.minnie@epa.gov
   EPA Region 9
   (AZ, CA, NV)
   Website: http: //www.epa. gov/region09/
                                                           Loretta Vanegas
                                                           State, Tribal & Municipal Programs Office
                                                           (WTR-10)
                                                           75 Hawthorne Street
                                                           Mail Code: WTR-10
                                                           San Francisco, CA 94105
                                                           (415) 972-3433
                                                           FAX (415) 947-3537
                                                           e-mail: vanegas.loretta@epa.gov
   EPA Region 10
   (AK, ID, OR, WA)
   Website: http://www.epa.gov/region 10/
16
                                                           Dennis Wagner
                                                           Alaska Operations Office
                                                           Federal Building Room 537
                                                           222 West 7th Avenue #19
                                                           Anchorage, AK 99513-7588
                                                           (907) 271-3651
                                                           FAX (907) 271-3424
                                                           e-mail: wagner.dennisx@epa.gov

CWISA Program contact information was up-to-date as of February 2007.  Updated contact information can be found at:
httv://www.eva.sov/owm/mab/indian/cwisa  co.html.


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Indian Health Service Area Sanitation Facilities Construction Program Directors:
Aberdeen Area Office
(NE, IA, ND, SD)
Craig Morin
115 4th Street, SE
Aberdeen, SD 57401
(605) 226-7451
e-mail: craig.morin@ihs.gov
Albuquerque Area Office
(CO, NM, except Navajo)
Mitch Constant
5300 Homestead Rd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
(505) 248-4975
e-mail: mconstant@abq.ihs.gov
Anchorage Area Office
(AK)
Norman Fairbanks
3925 Tudor Centre Dr.
Anchorage, AK 99508
(907) 729-3540
e-mail: nfairban@oehe.alaska.ihs.gov
Bemidji Area Office
(MN, MI, WI)
Craig Larson
522 Minnesota Ave., NW
Bemidji, MN 56601
(218) 444-0520
e-mail: craig.larson@mail.ihs.gov
California Area Office
(CA)
Don Brafford
650 Capitol Mall
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 930-3945
e-mail:
donald.brafford@cao-bl.california.ihs.gov
Nashville Area Office
(NY, ME, NC, MS, FL, AL, CT, LA, TX)
Scott Helgeson
711 Stewarts Ferry Pike
Nashville, TN 37214
(615) 467-1535
e-mail:  scott.helgeson@mail.ihs.gov
Navajo Area Office
(Navajo)
JeffNolte
P.O. Box 9020
Window Rock, AZ 86515
(928) 871-5851
e-mail: jeffrey.nolte@ihs.gov
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                                                                                                17
                          Clean Water Indian Set-Aside Grant Program

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   Oklahoma City Area Office
   (OK, TX, KS)
Robert Young
Five Corporate Plaza
3625 N.W. 56th St.
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
(405) 951-3782
e-mail: robert.young@mail.ihs.gov
   Phoenix Area Office
   (UT,NV,AZ-All tribes
   except Navajo and Tucson Area)
John Riegel
Two Renaissance Square
40 N. Central Avenue, Suite 720
Phoenix, AZ 85004
(602) 364-5058
e-mail: john.riegel@ihs.gov
   Portland Area Office
   (WA, OR, ID)
Kelly Titensor
Federal Building, Room 476
1220 SW 3rd Avenue
Portland, OR 97204
(503) 326-2001
e-mail: ktitenso@pao.portland.ihs.gov
   Tucson Area Office
   (Tohono O'odham, Pasqua-Yaqui)
Randy Willard
7900 South J. Stock Road
Tucson, AZ 85746
(520) 295-2580
e-mail: randy.willard@mail.ihs.gov
   IHS contact information was up-to-date as of February 2007. Updated contact information can be found at:
   http://www.dsfc.ihs.sov/staff.cfm.
18


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&EPA
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency

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