United States
 Suppliers of Petroleum Products
-
Final Rule: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases

 Under the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) rule, all owners or operators of petroleum
refineries and importers and exporters of petroleum products that meet the applicability requirements of
the rule (see information sheet on General Provisions) must report the GHG emissions that would result
from the complete combustion or oxidation of the products they supply. Refinery owners or operators and
importers and exporters of petroleum products are required to collect data on their products ; calculate
the GHG emissions associated with these products; and follow the specified procedures for ensuring data
quality,  amending missing data, and meeting recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

Owners or operators of refineries should also review the Petroleum Refineries information sheet to
identify other potential direct emissions that they must report under the rule.

How Is This Source Category Defined?

Suppliers of petroleum products consist of:

        Petroleum refineries that produce petroleum products through the distillation of crude oil.
        Importers who bring petroleum products or natural gas liquids (NGLs) into the United States
        from a foreign  country, including any blender or refiner of refined or semi-refined petroleum
        products. Importers include those who are primarily liable for the payment of any duties on the
        merchandise or an authorized agent acting on the importer's behalf. Importers also include, as
        appropriate, the consignee, the importer of record, the actual owner, or the transferee.
        Exporters who transfer petroleum products or NGLs from the United States to another country or
        to an affiliate in another country, including any blender or refiner of refined or semi-refined
        petroleum products, but excluding those who transfer products to U.S. military bases and to ships
        for onboard use.

What GHGs Must Be Reported?

Suppliers of petroleum products must report annually:
        Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that would result from the  complete combustion or oxidation of
        each petroleum product and NGL produced, used as feedstock, imported, or exported during the
        calendar year.
        CO2 emissions that would result from the complete combustion or oxidation of any biomass co-
        processed with petroleum feedstock (required only for refiners).

Suppliers of petroleum products are not required to report data on emissions of GHGs other than CO2.

How Must GHG  Emissions  Be Calculated?

Suppliers must calculate the annual CO2 emissions (metric tons) that would result from the complete
combustion or oxidation of all petroleum products and NGLs that leave the facility, minus emissions that
would result from the complete combustion or oxidation of: 1) petroleum products and NGLs that enter
the refinery to be further refined  or otherwise used on site and 2) any biomass co-processed with
petroleum feedstock. To calculate these emissions, multiply the measured annual quantity of each product
(metric tons or barrels) by a product-specific CO2 emission factor (metric tons CO2 emitted per barrel  or
40 CFR 98, subpart MM                                                       EPA-430-F-09-014R
September 2009                                 1

-------
per metric ton of product). Use one of two alternative methods to determine the emission factor for each
petroleum product and NGL:

       Method 1: Use a CO2 emission factor (metric tons CO2 emitted per barrel) that is provided in the
       rule for each petroleum product or NGL.
       Method 2: Develop an emission factor using direct measurement of density and carbon share (i.e.,
       percent carbon by mass).

For calculating biomass feedstock, use the biomass default factors provided per Method 1. For petroleum
products that are produced by blending a petroleum-based product with a biomass-based fuel, the rule
provides procedures for calculating emissions to account for the volume percentage of petroleum-based
product.

A checklist for data that must be monitored is available at:
www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/downloads/checklists/supplierspetroleumproducts.pdf

What Information Must Be Reported?

In addition to the information required by the General Provisions at 40 CFR 98.3(c), petroleum refiners
must report the following information for each of their refineries:
       Annual CO2 emissions (metric tons) that would result from  the complete combustion or oxidation
       of all petroleum products and NGLs that leave the facility, minus emissions that would result
       from the complete combustion or oxidation of:  1) petroleum products and NGLs that enter the
       refinery to be further refined or otherwise used on site and 2) any biomass co-processed with
       petroleum feedstock.
       Annual CO2 emissions (metric tons) that would result from  complete combustion or oxidation of:
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL leaving the  facility.
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL entering the refinery to be further refined or
              otherwise used on site.
           o  Each type of biomass entering the refinery to be co-processed with petroleum feedstock
              to produce a petroleum product.
       Annual quantities (metric tons or barrels) of:
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL leaving the  facility.
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL entering the refinery to be further refined or
              otherwise used on site.
           o  Each type of biomass entering the refinery to be co-processed with petroleum feedstock
              to produce a petroleum product.
       Percent of the volume reported that is petroleum-based, for  each product and feedstock produced
       by blending a petroleum-based product with a biomass-based product.
       Annual quantities (metric tons or barrels), segregated by each measurement method used to
       determine quantity, of:
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL leaving the  facility.
           o  Each petroleum product and each NGL entering the refinery to be further refined or
              otherwise used on site.
           o  Each type of biomass entering the refinery to be co-processed with petroleum feedstock
              to produce a petroleum product.
       Each measurement method used to determine the segregated annual quantities.
       The following for all crude oil feedstock used at the refinery:
           o  Batch volume in barrels.
           o  API gravity of the batch at the point of entry at the  refinery.
40 CFR 98, subpart MM                                                         EPA-430-F-09-014R
September 2009                                  2

-------
           o   Sulfur content of the batch at the point of entry at the refinery.
           o   Country of origin of the batch, if known.
       The total quantity of bulk NGLs in metric tons or barrels received for processing during the
       reporting year.
       Report the following for each product and feedstock for which an emission factor was developed
       (i.e., Method 2):
           o   Number of samples collected.
           o   Sampling standard method used.
           o   Carbon share test results in percent mass.
           o   Standard method used to test carbon share.
           o   Calculated CO2 emission factor in metric tons CO2 per barrel or per metric ton of product.
           o   Density test results in metric tons per barrel (only for non-solid products and feedstock).
           o   Standard method used to test density (only for non-solid products and feedstock).

In addition to the information required by the General Provisions at 40 CFR 98.3(c), importers and
exporters must report the following information at the corporate level:
       Annual CO2 emissions (metric tons) that would result from the complete combustion or oxidation
       of all petroleum products and NGLs.
       Annual CO2 emissions (metric tons) that would result from the complete combustion or oxidation
       of each petroleum product and each NGL.
       Total annual quantities (metric tons or barrels) of each petroleum product and each NGL.
       Annual quantities (metric tons or barrels) of each petroleum product and each NGL, segregated
       by each measurement method used to determine quantity.
       Each measurement method used to determine segregated annual quantities.
       Percent of the volume reported that is petroleum-based,  for each product produced by blending a
       petroleum-based product with a biomass-based product.
       Report the following for each product for which an emission factor was developed:
           o   Number of samples collected.
           o   Sampling standard method used.
           o   Carbon share test results in percent mass.
           o   Standard method used to test carbon share.
           o   Calculated CO2 emission factor in metric tons CO2 per barrel or per metric ton of product.
           o   Density test results in metric tons per barrel (only for non-solid products).
           o   Standard method used to test density (only for non-solid products).

For More Information

This document is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not provide legal advice, have
legally binding effect, or expressly or implicitly create, expand, or limit any legal rights, obligations,
responsibilities, expectations, or benefits in regard to any person. The series of information sheets is
intended to assist reporting facilities/owners in understanding key provisions of the final rule.

Visit EPA's Web site (www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghgrulemaking.html) for more
information, including the final preamble and rule, additional information sheets on specific industries,
the schedule for training sessions, and other documents and tools. For questions that cannot be answered
through the Web site, please contact us at: ghgmrr@epa.gov.
40 CFR 98, subpart MM                                                          EPA-430-F-09-014R
September 2009                                  3

-------