United States
                      Protection Agency
                      Washington, D.C. 20460
                         Solid Waste
                         and Emergency
June 1999
Brownfields  Assessment
Demonstration  Pilot
                                      San Antonio,  TX
 Outreach and Special Projects Staff (5101)
                                            Quick Reference Fact Sheet
EPA's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower states, communities, and other
stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and
sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and
an active potential for redevelopment or reuse. EPA is funding: assessment demonstration pilot programs (each funded
up to $200,000 over two years), to assess brownfields sites and to test cleanup and redevelopment models;job training
pilot programs (each funded up to $200,000 over two years), to provide training for residents of communities affected
by brownfieldstofacilitatecleanupofbrownfieldssites and preparetrainees for future employmentintheenvironmental
field; and, cleanup revolving loan fund programs (each funded up to $500,000 over five years) to capitalize loan funds
to make loans for the environmental cleanup of brownfields. These pilot programs are intended to provide EPA, states,
tribes, municipalities, and communities with useful information and strategies as they continue to seek new methods
to promote a unified approach to site assessment, environmental  cleanup, and redevelopment.

EPA has selected the City of San Antonio for a
Brownfields Pilot. San Antonio is the eighth-largest
city in the nation and has the second-highest poverty
rate at 22.6 percent.  The city is ethnically diverse,
with a 55.6 percent Hispanic population.  The inner
city Pilot target area suffers from  a 38 percent
poverty rate, a  high illiteracy rate (24 percent of
adults), and a 17 percent unemployment rate. The
project area, Loop 410, is a part of the U.S. Housing
and Urban Development-designated  Enterprise
Community (EC), and contains three state-designated
Enterprise Zones.

The Pilot proj ect area is characterized by poor planning
that has  allowed incompatible heavy  industrial
operations to develop and operate  in  residential
neighborhoods. For decades, industrial manufacturers
were located in  the inner city adjacent to or in low-
income  residential neighborhoods.   As   these
manufacturers left the inner city, San Antonio was
faced with the loss of employment for many low- to
moderate-income earning families. In addition, these
vacated properties raise issues of environmental justice
and environmental protection for the inner city
                           San Antonio, Texas

                         City of San Antonio
                         Economic  Development
                                               Dateof Announcement:
                                               June 1999

                                               Amount: $200,000

                                               Profile:  The Pilot targets
                                               San Antonio's inner city Loop
                                               410 area, an ethnically
                                               diverse and economically
                                               distressed area.
 Regional Brownfields Team
 U.S. EPA - Region 6
 (214) 665-6736
                              Visit the EPA Region 6 Brownfields web site at:

                            For further information, including specific Pilot contacts,
                          additional Pilot information, brownfields news and events, and
                          publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields web site at:


The city's  objective is to revitalize the inner  city
neighborhoods through  comprehensive city-wide
planning and economic development initiatives.  As
part of this strategy, the Pilot will foster brownfields
redevelopment by promoting partnerships, facilitating
public involvement, and coordinating environmental
cleanup and economic development activities. The
cleanup and redevelopment of the targeted properties
will mitigate environmental  concerns  and address
economic issues by creating new job opportunities,
increasing tax  values, and introducing new business


Activities planned as part of this Pilot include:

 Conducting at least six environmental assessments
 within the targeted Loop 410 area;

 Preparing reuse plans for the assessed sites; and

 Holding an environmental justice forum that  will
 provide community input regarding  cleanup  and
 redevelopment projects.
The cooperative agreement for this Pilot has not yet been negotiated;
therefore, activities described in this fact sheet are subject to change.
 Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot                                                San Antonio, Texas
 June 1999                                                                          EPA500-F-99-150