CANADA—UNITED STATES
 JOINT INLAND POLLUTION
  CONTINGENCY  PLAN
          2009
United States
Environmental Protection
k Agency
1*1
Environment Environnement
Canada  Canada

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        Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

        Canada
        Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution Contingency Plan.

        Issued also in French under title:  Plan d'urgence bilateral Canada-Etats-Unis en cas de
        pollution dans la zone frontaliere interieure.
        "This Inland Plan has been revised and updated ... supersedes the Canada-United States
        Joint Inland Pollution Continency Plan signed on July 25, 1994 ..."—Abstract
        Available also on the Internet.
        Co-published by United States Environmental Protection Agency.
        ISBN 978-0-662-47605-4
        Cat.no.:  En4-83/2008E

        1. Transboundary pollution—Government policy—Canada.
        2. Transboundary pollution—Government policy—United States.
        3. Marine pollution—Government policy—Canada.
        4. Marine pollution—Government policy—United States.
        5. Emergency management—Canada—Planning.
        6. Emergency management—United States—Planning.
        I. Canada. Environment Canada
        II. United States
        III. United States. Environmental Protection Agency
        IV. Title.

        HC120.E5C362008         363.73'560971         C2008-980000-1
                         To obtain additional information:

In Canada                                      In the United States

Environmental Emergencies Division               U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Operations Directorate     Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Environment Canada                              Office of Emergency Management
Place Vincent Massey, 15th Floor                   1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
351 St. Joseph Boulevard                          Washington, DC 20460
Gatineau, Quebec K1A OH3

E-mail:
neec@ec.gc.ca

Web site:                                        Web site:
http://www.ec.gc.ca/ee-ue/                         http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/border.htm

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                                                        TABLE OF CONTENTS
         TABLE OF CONTENTS	i
         LETTER OF PROMULGATION	111
         ABSTRACT	v
         100   INTRODUCTION	1
               101  Background	1
               102  Purpose and Objectives	2
               103  Scope	2
               104  Acronyms and Abbreviations	3
               105  Definitions	4
         200   JOINT POLICY AND RESPONSIBILITIES	9
              201  Joint Policy	9
              202  Special Arrangements for Mutual Assistance.	9
         300   PLANNING AND RESPONSE ORGANIZATION	10
              301  International Joint Advisory Team	10
              302  Regional Joint Response Teams	10
              303  On-Scene Coordinator	12
              304  Canada and United States Federal Agencies'Responsibilities	12
              305  Preparedness and Response Coordination	12
              306  Coordination with Industry and Non-governmental Organizations	13
         400   NOTIFICATION AND RESPONSE OPERATIONS	14
              401  Notification	14
              402  Response	14
              403  Disposal	14
         500   BINATIONAL ACTIVATION AND DEACTIVATION	15
              501  Activation	15
              502  Deactivation	15
         600   REPORTING PROVISIONS	16
              601  Situation Reports	16
              602  Post-Incident Reports	16
         700   PUBLIC INFORMATION	17
              701  Policy and Responsibilities	17
         800   UPDATING AND EXERCISING	18
              801  Inland Plan Review	18
              802  Meetings and Exercises	18
         900   ADMINISTRATION	19
              901  Custodians	19
              902  Amendments	19
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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TABLE  OF CONTENTS
           1000   APPENDICES 	20
                 Appendix A — Inland Plan Regional Annexes List and Map of the
                              Transboundary Coverage of the Inland Plan
                              Regional Annexes	21
                 Appendix B — Binational Concept of Operations Diagram	23
                 Appendix C — Guidelines for the Revision of the Inland Plan
                              Regional Annexes	24
                 Appendix D — Suggested International Joint Advisory Team (IJAT)
                              Member Agenci es	25
                 Appendix E — Notification Message and Diagrams	26
                 Appendix F — Binational Activation Message and Diagram	29
                 Appendix G — Binational Deactivation Message and Diagram	31
                                CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                 LETTER  OF  PROMULGATION
           The Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution Contingency Plan (the "Inland Plan")
           sets forth cooperative measures for dealing with a release of a pollutant along the inland
           boundary of a magnitude that causes, or may cause, damage to the environment or
           constitutes a threat to public safety, security, health, welfare, or property.

           The Inland Plan may also facilitate the provision of assistance in the event that only one
           country is affected, but the polluting incident is of sufficient magnitude to justify a request
           for assistance from the other country.

           The revised Inland Plan supersedes the 1994 Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution
           Contingency Plan, and complements the Canada-United States Joint Marine Pollution
           Contingency Plan, which describes a joint response mechanism for any polluting incident
           that threatens the waters or coastal areas of both countries. The Inland Plan is not intended
           to supersede any statutory authorities held by either Participant, to create any legally
           binding rights or obligations under domestic or international law with regard to the
           Participants or any other entity, or to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,
           enforceable by law or equity against the Participants or any other entity.

           The implementation and maintenance of the Inland Plan is the joint responsibility of the
           Canadian Department of the Environment and  the United States Environmental Protection
           Agency.

           Signed, in duplicate, in the English and French languages.
           Jim Prentice, P.C., Q.C., M.P.           Lisa P. Jackson
           Minister of the Environment             Administrator
           Government of Canada                  United States Environmental Protection Agency
           Date: OCT  2 I 2009                  Date:  SEP 1 5  2009
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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  CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                                                   ABSTRACT
Purpose and Objectives

The Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution
Contingency Plan (the "Inland Plan") provides for
a cooperative mechanism for preparedness for and
response to polluting incidents that cause, or may cause,
damage to the environment along the inland boundary or
may constitute a threat to public safety, security, health,
welfare, or property. The Inland Plan may also facilitate
the provision of assistance when only one country is
affected, but the polluting incident is of such magnitude
to justify a request for assistance from the other country.

The purpose of the Inland Plan is to facilitate a
coordinated and integrated federal response to a
polluting incident along the inland boundary and to
provide a mechanism for cooperative responses among
all levels of government. This also includes all federally
recognized First Nations (Canada) and Tribal Nations
(U.S.). The Inland Plan provides for a binational
coordination mechanism to ensure appropriate and
effective cooperative preparedness, notification, and
response measures between Canada and the United
States.

This Inland Plan has been revised and updated to
reflect the  all-hazards approach of Canada's Federal
Emergency Response Plan and the United States'
National Response Framework. It also reflects the
current laws and regulations of each country, supersedes
the Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution
Contingency Plan signed on July 25, 1994, and
complements the Canada-United States Joint Marine
Pollution Contingency Plan (the "Marine Plan"), which
describes a joint response mechanism for any polluting
incident that threatens the waters or coastal areas of both
countries. The Inland Plan is not intended to supersede
any statutory authorities held by either Participant,
to create any legally binding rights or obligations
under domestic or international law with regard to the
Participants or any other entity, or to create any right or
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable by law or
equity against the Participants or any other entity.

Binational Concept of Operations

The Inland Plan may be activated when a release
of a pollutant causes, or may cause, damage to the
environment along the inland boundary, or constitutes
a threat to public safety, security, health, welfare,  or
property. The Inland Plan may also be activated when
only one country is affected by a polluting incident
but the incident is of sufficient magnitude to justify a
request for assistance from the other country.

The Inland Plan is based on a division of the inland
boundary into five regional planning areas and includes
Regional Annexes that describe the jurisdiction, roles,
and response procedures of regulatory and support
agencies within each planning area. The Regional Joint
Response Teams (RJRTs) are responsible for developing
the respective Annexes. A map of the transboundary
coverage of the Inland Plan Regional Annexes can be
found in Appendix A.

The Inland Plan establishes an International Joint
Advisory Team (IJAT) and  RJRTs. The IJAT is the
policy and advisory body with overall  responsibility
for the maintenance, promotion, and coordination of
the Inland Plan. The IJAT also provides advice and
assistance to the RJRTs. The RJRT is the regional body
responsible for providing advice and support to the
On-Scene Coordinator(s) (OSC(s)). The Inland Plan
also establishes notification procedures and an incident
management structure.
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ABSTRACT
Abstract (continued)

The OSC(s) should provide advice, assistance, and
support to the Incident Commander (1C) or the
Responsible Party during a polluting incident, as
appropriate. The Responsible Party is ultimately
responsible for the response to the polluting incident.
However, the Inland Plan provides for oversight of
the Responsible Party's management of the response,
as well as the  coordination and support for response
efforts at the scene of the polluting incident, should the
Responsible Party's response be inadequate or otherwise
deemed inappropriate by the OSC. If the polluting
incident is beyond the capabilities of the Responsible
Party, if requested, or if required by statute, one of the
OSCs may become the 1C. In the event of a significant
polluting incident, Canada and the United States are
to follow the management structure under the Federal
Emergency Response Management System (FERMS)
and the National Incident Management System (NIMS),
respectively.

When the Inland Plan is activated, each RJRT Co-chair
is to assign an on-scene public information officer who
is to maintain liaison with all interested parties in the
officer's country, including but not limited to all levels
of government, news media, government press offices,
the public, special interest groups, and concerned
industries. A diagram of the Binational Concept of
Operations can be found in Appendix B.

Responsibilities

The implementation and maintenance of the Inland Plan
is the joint responsibility of Environment Canada (EC)
and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency  (EPA).
These two organizations are to seek the assistance of
other agencies, as necessary and appropriate. The Inland
Plan may be amended at any time, consistent with the
terms of Section 902 herein.
                                  CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                             100   INTRODUCTION
 707    Background
                                                     101.5
101.1    The need for a Canada-United States joint        101.4
        pollution contingency plan for polluting
        incidents that affect the inland boundary not
        covered by the Canada-United States Joint
        Marine Pollution Contingency Plan (the
        "Marine Plan") was officially recognized
        with the signing of the Memorandum of
        Understanding between the Environmental
        Protection Agency of the United States
        of America and the Department of the
        Environment of the Government of Canada
        Regarding Accidental and Unauthorized
        Discharges of Pollutants Along the Inland
        Boundary in 1985. This Memorandum of
        Understanding outlines a plan of cooperative
        measures for dealing with accidental and
        unauthorized releases of pollutants that cause
        or may cause damage to the environment
        along the shared inland boundary and that may
        constitute a threat to the public health, property
        or welfare.                                    101.6

101.2    In 1994, Canada and the United States signed
        the first version of the Canada-United States
        Joint Inland Pollution Contingency Plan (the
        "Inland Plan").  It was later determined that
        the 1994 Inland Plan needed to be revised to       101.7
        reflect current policies, laws, and regulations of
        Canada and the United States. In response, the
        Participants signed this updated version of the
        Inland Plan.

101.3    The Inland Plan is intended to complement the
        Marine Plan and is intended to be consistent
        with the Treaty  Between the United States and
        Great Britain Relating to Boundary Waters, and
        Questions Arising Between the United States
        and Canada, signed in 1909. The Inland Plan
        is also intended to complement the Agreement
        between the United States and Canada on
        Great Lakes Water Quality (first signed in
        1972 and renewed in 1978), and amended by
        Protocol in 1987, as well as Article V (6) of the
        1991 Canada-United States Agreement on Air
        Quality.
The Inland Plan is intended to be consistent
with the following two 1988 Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development
Council Acts: "Pertaining to the Exchange of
Information Concerning Accidents Capable
of Causing Transfrontier Damage" and
"Provision of Information to the Public and
Public Participation for Accidents Involving
Hazardous Substances."

The Inland Plan is also intended to be
consistent with the United Nations Economic
Commission for Europe Convention on
Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents,
signed by Canada and the United States in
Helsinki in 1992. This Convention calls for
the development of agreements between
governments on prevention, preparedness,
response, notification, mutual assistance, and
research and development issues.

The Inland Plan is also intended to be
consistent with any agreement between the
Government of Canada and the Government of
the United States on emergency management
cooperation.

The Inland Plan is also intended to be
consistent with the relevant existing
preparedness and response plans of each
country, including the Canadian Federal
Emergency Response Plan (FERP) and the
United States National Response Framework
(NRF).
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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100    INTRODUCTION
 102    Purpose and Objectives

102.1   The Inland Plan sets forth a cooperative
        mechanism for preparedness for and response
        to a polluting incident that causes, or may
        cause, damage to the environment along the
        inland boundary or that may constitute a threat
        to public safety, security, health, welfare, or
        property. The Inland Plan also may facilitate
        the provision of assistance for polluting
        incidents that, although directly affecting one
        country, are of such magnitude to justify a
        request for assistance from the other country
        (e.g., for technical advice, responders and
        equipment).

102.2   The purpose of the Inland Plan is to mitigate
        the effects to public safety, security, health
        or welfare, the environment, or property
        by facilitating coordinated and integrated
        responses to polluting incidents along the
        inland boundary. A map of the inland boundary
        can be found in Appendix A.

102.3   The obj ectives of the Inland Plan are to provide
        for a binational coordination mechanism to
        ensure appropriate and effective cooperative
        preparedness and response measures between
        Canada and the United States with respect to
        significant polluting incidents along the inland
        boundary; to develop systems for notification
        within the area covered by the Inland Plan;
        to set forth measures for monitoring and
        restricting the further spread of released
        pollutants  in an expeditious manner; and to
        ensure the availability of adequate resources to
        respond to a polluting incident. The application
        of the Inland Plan is also to ensure that
        coordinated public information releases are
        made in a timely fashion to the public in both
        countries.

102.4   The Inland Plan includes Regional Annexes.
        These Annexes are to follow the guidelines
        described in Appendix C of the Inland Plan.
 703    Scope

103.1   The Inland Plan applies to all polluting
        incidents along the inland boundary that have
        the potential for transboundary effects, and
        may address polluting incidents that, although
        directly affecting one country, are of such
        magnitude to justify notifying or requesting
        assistance from the other country (e.g., for
        technical advice, responders and equipment),
        except for those incidents occurring in the
        waters or coastal areas that are described in
        the Annexes to the Marine Plan. In the case
        of an incident where the pollutants spread to
        any major waterways covered by the Marine
        Plan, the country providing the initial OSC is
        to notify the Canadian Coast Guard or the U.S.
        Coast Guard.

103.2   The Inland Plan provides a structure for
        organizing response activities in each country
        that should follow the Canadian Federal
        Emergency Response Management System
        (FERMS) and the United States National
        Incident Management System (NIMS), and
        establishes a method of operation for personnel
        responding to a polluting incident.

103.3   In cases of radiological  incidents, the Inland
        Plan is to work in conjunction with the
        Canada-United States Joint Radiological
        Emergency Response Plan (JRERP)
        administered by Public  Safety Canada (PS)
        and the U.S. Federal Emergency Management
        Agency (FEMA), respectively.
                                   CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                          100   INTRODUCTION
 104  Acronyms and Abbreviations

DHS     (U.S.) Department of Homeland Security
DOS     (U.S.) Department of State
EC      (Canada) Environment Canada (Department of the Environment)
EOC     (Canada-U.S.) Emergency Operations Center
EPA     (U. S.) Environmental Protection Agency
FAC     (Canada) Foreign Affairs Canada
FEMA   (U.S.) Federal Emergency Management Agency
FERMS  (Canada) Federal Emergency Response Management System
FERP    (Canada) Federal Emergency Response Plan
GOC     (Canada) Government Operations Centre
HQ      (Canada-U.S.) Headquarters
HSPD    (U.S.) Homeland Security Presidential Directive
1C       (Canada-U.S.) Incident Commander
TCP      (Canada-U.S.) Incident Command Post
ICS      (Canada-U.S.) Incident Command System
HAT     (Canada-U.S.) International Joint Advisory Team
JIC      (Canada-U.S.) Joint Information Center
JRERP   (Canada-U.S.) Joint Radiological Emergency Response Plan
NCP     (U.S.) National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan
         (a.k.a. National Contingency Plan)
NEEC    (Canada) National Environmental Emergencies Centre
NIMS    (U.S.) National Incident Management System
NOC     (U. S.) National Operations Center
NRC     (U. S.) National Response Center
NRF     (U.S.) National Response Framework
NRT     (U. S.) National Response Team
OSC     (Canada-U.S.) On-Scene Coordinator
PIR      (Canada) Pollution Incident Report
PS       (Canada) Public Safety Canada
RCP     (U. S.) Regional Contingency Plan
REEC    (Canada) Regional Environmental Emergencies Coordinator
REET    (Canada) Regional Environmental Emergencies Team
RIC      (U.S.) Regional Incident Coordinator
RJRT    (Canada-U.S.) Regional Joint Response Team
RRT     (U.S.) Regional Response Team
SITREP  (U. S.) Situation Report
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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100    INTRODUCTION
 105   Definitions

The following terms are denned as follows for the
purpose of the Inland Plan:

105.1   All levels of government. This term includes
        the federal, provincial, state, territorial, Tribal
        and First Nations, regional, sub-regional,
        municipal, and local levels of government.

105.2   Canada-United States Joint Marine Pollution
        Contingency Plan (the "Marine Plan"). The
        Marine Plan sets forth a coordinated system
        for planning, preparing for, and responding to
        harmful substance incidents in the contiguous
        waters of Canada and the United States.
        The Marine Plan is complemented by five
        Geographic Annexes, which are under the
        oversight and responsibility of the respective
        Canadian Coast Guard Regional Directors
        and United States Coast Guard District
        Commanders. The Marine Plan is intended to
        complement the Canada-United States Joint
        Inland Pollution Contingency Plan (the "Inland
        Plan").

105.3   Countermeasures. Any measures, whether
        physical, chemical or biological, that are
        implemented to reduce the impact and the
        effect of a pollutant on public safety, security,
        health or welfare, the environment, or property.

105.4   Emergency Operations Center (EOC). The
        physical location at which the coordination of
        information and resources to support incident
        management activities normally takes place.
        An EOC may be a temporary facility or may
        be located in a more central or permanently
        established facility.

105.5   Environment. The atmosphere, land, and
        surface and ground waters, including the
        natural resources therein, and all other
        components of the ecosystem.

105.6   Federal Emergency Response Management
        System (FERMS) (Canada). FERMS is the
        federal emergency response management
        system that ensures the coordination of
        federal department and agency activities for a
        harmonized federal response.

105.7   Federal Emergency Response Plan (FERP)
        (Canada). FERP is the federal component of
        a national, all-hazards event response plan,
        based on the Federal Emergency Response
        Management System (FERMS). It is an
        essential element in Canada's emergency
        preparedness and response capability. FERP
        provides for a requirement for proactive
        cooperation between federal government
        departments and agencies. Furthermore,
        it aligns federal coordination structures,
        capabilities, and resources into a unified,
        all-hazards approach to significant events and
        emergencies affecting national security and
        public safety.

105.8   Government Operations Centre (GOC)
        (Canada). The federal government organization
        that provides strategic level coordination
        on behalf of the Government of Canada in
        response to an emerging or occurring event
        affecting the national interest. It is a 24 hour/
        7 day all-hazards, interdepartmental centre
        conducting monitoring, analysis, planning,
        and operations in partnership with all levels of
        government, industry and non-governmental
        organizations, and international partners. This
        organization comprises the International Joint
        Advisory Team (IJAT) Member Agencies as
        suggested in Appendix D.

105.9   Incident Commander (1C). The government
        official (all levels of government) who
        coordinates and directs the pollution control
        efforts at the scene of the polluting incident.
        There is only one 1C per polluting incident.

105.10  Incident Command Post (ICP). The field
        location at which the primary tactical-level,
        on-scene incident command functions are
        performed. The ICP may be collocated with the
        incident base or other incident facilities.
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                                                              100    INTRODUCTION
Definitions (continued)

105.11  Incident Command System (ICS).
        A standardized on-scene emergency
        management system construct specifically
        designed to provide for the adoption of
        an integrated organizational structure that
        reflects the complexity and demands of
        single or multiple incidents, without being
        hindered by jurisdictional boundaries. ICS
        is the combination of facilities, equipment,
        personnel, procedures, and communications
        operating with a common organizational
        structure, designed to aid in the management of
        resources during incidents. ICS is used for all
        kinds of emergencies and is applicable to small
        as well as large and complex incidents. ICS is
        used by various jurisdictions and functional
        agencies, both public and private, or organized
        field-level  incident management operations.

105.12  Inland Boundary. The non-marine boundary
        common to both countries, including boundary
        areas and transboundary waters not included in
        the Marine Plan. The Inland Plan is intended
        to cover approximately 25 kilometers (km) or
        15.5 miles on both sides along the Canada and
        U.S. border. A map of the inland boundary can
        be found in Appendix A.

105.13  International Joint Advisory Team (DAT).
        A policy and advisory body with overall
        responsibility for the maintenance, promotion,
        and coordination of the Inland Plan. It
        comprises  representatives from the Canadian
        Government Operations Centre (GOC) and
        the U.S. National Response Team (NRT)
        and is jointly co-chaired by the Participants.
        Suggested IJAT Member Agencies are listed in
        Appendix D.

105.14  Joint Information Center (JIC). A media and
        public information center established by
        the RJRT and staffed by an on-scene public
        information officer from each Participant.
        The Center may also be staffed by on-scene
        public information officers representing all
        levels of government, the Responsible Party,
        and other interested parties. It is the location
        for media and the public to receive up-to-date
        information regarding a polluting incident.

105.15  Joint Radiological Emergency Response Plan
        (JRERP). A joint plan between Canada and
        the United States to deal effectively with a
        potential or actual radiological event that
        affects both countries or is of such magnitude
        to justify that assistance from the neighboring
        country could be necessary.

105.16  National Environmental Emergencies Centre
        (NEEC) (Canada). During a polluting
        incident, NEEC and the regional offices
        serve as Environment Canada's focal points
        for notification of the incident, as well as
        for coordination and provision of scientific
        expertise and technical assistance. NEEC's role
        is also to ensure appropriate communication
        with senior management. Furthermore,
        the Centre communicates departmental
        actions and activities associated with the
        management of the incident to other federal
        emergency operations centres, as necessary
        and appropriate. NEEC is also responsible for
        notifying the NRC.

105.17  National Incident Management System (NIMS)
        (U.S.). The NIMS integrates effective practices
        in emergency preparedness and response into a
        comprehensive national framework for incident
        management. The NTMS enables responders
        at all levels to work together more effectively
        to manage domestic incidents no matter what
        the cause, size, or complexity, and facilitates
        the implementation  of the National Response
        Framework (NRF).

105.18  National Operations Center (NOC) (U.S.).
        The NOC assesses the overall situation and
        makes an initial determination to undertake the
        coordination of federal information-sharing
        and incident management activities. The NOC
        was formerly known as the Homeland Security
        Operations Center (HSOC).
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100   INTRODUCTION
Definitions (continued)

105.19  National Response Center (NRC) (U.S.). The
        NRC is the U.S. federal government's national
        communications center. It is the responsibility
        of the NRC staff to notify the pre-designated
        On-Scene Coordinator (OSC) assigned to the
        area of the polluting incident and to collect
        available information on the size and nature
        of the release, the facility or vessel involved,
        and the party (or parties) responsible for the
        release. The NRC maintains reports of all
        releases and spills in a national database. The
        NRC is also responsible for notifying NEEC.

105.20  National Response Framework (NRF)
        (U.S.). An all-discipline, all-hazards plan,
        established by Homeland Security Presidential
        Directive (HSPD)-5, that represents a single,
        comprehensive framework for the management
        of polluting and other incidents affecting the
        United States. This Plan provides structures
        and mechanisms for the coordination
        of response efforts of federal incident
        commanders, and for exercising direct federal
        authorities. The NRF is implemented through
        NTMS.

105.21  National Response System (NRS) (U.S.).
        The National Oil and Hazardous Substances
        Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) (40 CFR
        part 300) establishes the NRS as the federal
        government's response management system for
        emergency response to releases of hazardous
        substances into the environment or discharges
        of oil into navigable waters of the United
        States. This System functions through a
        network of interagency and intergovernmental
        relationships and provides for coordinating
        response  actions by all levels of government to
        a real or potential oil or hazardous substances
        incident. A primary mission of the federal
        System is to provide support to state and local
        response  activities.

105.22  National Response Team  (NRT) (U.S.).  The
        NRT is an established organizational element
        under the U.S. National Response System.
        The NRT, established by the National Oil and
        Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency
        Plan (NCP) (40 CFR part 300), is responsible
        for national response and preparedness
        planning, for coordinating regional planning,
        and for providing policy guidance and support
        to the Regional Response Teams (RRTs).
        EPA chairs the NRT. This Team comprises
        the International Joint Advisory Team (HAT)
        Member Agencies as suggested in Appendix D.

105.23  Natural Resource Trustee (U.S.). The federal,
        state or tribal organization or agency with legal
        trust responsibilities for natural resources.

105.24  On-Scene Coordinator (OSC). For responses
        conducted in the United States, the On-Scene
        Coordinator is the federal official designated
        by EPA to provide advice, assistance, and
        support to the Incident Commander (1C) or the
        Responsible Party during a polluting incident.
        In addition, the OSC could be the designated
        1C. The authorities of the OSC are very broad
        and provide for responding and directing
        response to a polluting incident that threatens
        public safety, security, health or welfare, the
        environment or property.

        Canada does not have a similar authority in
        federal, provincial or territorial legislation
        to predesignate an OSC. However, for
        the purposes of the Inland Plan and for
        international consistency, Environment
        Canada is to be the OSC. Environment Canada
        is to coordinate government activities and
        provide, to the Incident Commander (1C) or
        the Responsible Party, advice, assistance, and
        support at the scene of the polluting incident,
        and is to monitor their response. In addition,
        the OSC could also be the designated 1C.

105.25  Participants. The Participants referred to in
        the text of this Inland Plan are Environment
        Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection
        Agency.
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                                                              100    INTRODUCTION
Definitions (continued)

105.26  Pollutant. Includes any hazardous substance;
        contaminant; radioactive material; and any
        element, substance, compound, or mixture,
        including disease-causing agent, which after
        release into the environment will affect its
        quality or upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation,
        or assimilation into any organism, either
        directly from the environment or indirectly
        by ingestion through food chains, will or may
        reasonably be anticipated to cause death,
        disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer,
        genetic mutation, physiological malfunctions
        (including malfunctions in reproduction) or
        physical deformations, in such organisms or
        their offspring. For the purpose of this Inland
        Plan, "pollutant" includes oil of any kind or in
        any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge,
        oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes other than
        dredged spoil. The term includes natural gas,
        natural gas liquids, liquefied natural gas, or
        synthetic gas useable for fuel (or mixtures of
        natural gas and such synthetic natural gas).

105.27  Polluting Incident. Release of any pollutant,
        on either side of the inland boundary, of a
        magnitude that causes or may cause damage
        to the environment or may constitute a threat
        to public safety, security, health, welfare, or
        property.

105.28  Regional Environmental Emergencies
        Coordinator (REEC) (Canada). This is
        the Regional Environment Canada official
        responsible for managing the regional
        environmental emergencies program and its
        emergency response functions, and for chairing
        and coordinating the planning and response
        activities of the REET The REEC is also the
        Canadian RJRT Co-chair.

105.29  Regional Environmental Emergencies Team
        (REET) (Canada). A multi-agency,
        multi-disciplinary regional advisory body
        which provides coordinated and comprehensive
        information and advice to the Canadian lead
        agency, including: environmental, wildlife, and
        human health impacts; resource sensitivities;
        environmental forecasting; spill behavior
        and spill modeling; contingency planning;
        spill countermeasures; clean-up priorities
        and techniques during the planning for and
        response to a polluting incident. REET is
        chaired by Environment Canada or co-chaired
        by Environment Canada and the provincial
        ministry responsible for the environment or
        as otherwise arranged, and is composed of
        all levels of government and other agency
        environmental specialists. Other representation
        from local communities and industry is
        included, as necessary.

105.30  Regional Incident Coordinator (RIC) (U.S.). A
        management position in each of the Regional
        Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) within
        EPA. This person provides management
        objectives and clarification of regional policy
        issues, and ensures efficient and effective
        communication flow between the field
        Incident Command Post (ICP) and upper level
        management. The RIC is the point of contact
        for the On-Scene Coordinator (OSC) or the
        Incident Commander  (1C) to obtain personnel,
        expertise, equipment,  and information in
        support of response actions. The RIC is also
        the U.S. RJRT Co-chair.

105.31  Regional Joint Response  Team (RJRT). The
        binational regional support and advisory
        team that is responsible for the development,
        maintenance and effective implementation of
        the respective Regional Annex of the Inland
        Plan. The RJRT is composed of representatives
        from agencies and organizations in both
        Canada and the United States and is
        co-chaired by regional representatives of each
        Participant as described in the Inland Plan
        Regional Annexes. The RJRT should include
        representatives from the appropriate Canadian
        REET (Atlantic, Quebec, Ontario, Prairie and
        Northern, or Pacific and Yukon Region) and
        from the appropriate U.S. RRT (EPA Region
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100    INTRODUCTION
Definitions (continued)

        1, 2, 5, 8 or 10), whose area of responsibility
        coincides with the respective inland boundary
        of the five adjacent Regions. A map of the
        transboundary coverage of the Inland Plan
        Regional Annexes can be found in Appendix A.

105.32  Regional Response Team (RRT) (U.S.).
        Parallel in agency membership to that of
        the NRT, RRTs develop and coordinate
        preparedness activities before response actions
        are taken and also coordinate assistance
        and advice to the On-Scene  Coordinator(s)
        (OSC(s)) during such response actions.
        The two principal components of the RRT
        mechanism are a standing team,  consisting
        of designated representatives from each
        participating federal agency and state, tribal
        and local government; and an incident-specific
        team, which is formed from members  of the
        standing team when the RRT is activated for a
        response. The role of the standing RRT,
        co-chaired by representatives of EPA
        and the U.S. Coast Guard, includes the
        establishment of communications systems
        and procedures, and planning, coordination,
        training, evaluation, preparedness, and related
        activities on a region-wide basis. The role of
        the incident-specific team is determined by the
        operational needs of the response to a  specific
        polluting incident.

105.33  Release. Any accidental or intentional release
        including any spilling, leaking, pumping,
        pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging,
        injecting, burning, escaping, leaching,
        dumping, or disposing of pollutants into the
        environment. This includes the abandonment
        or discarding of barrels, containers,  and other
        closed receptacles containing any pollutant.
        The term does not include: (a) any release
        that results in exposure to persons solely
        within a work place, (b) emissions from the
        engine exhaust of a motor vehicle, rolling
        stock, aircraft, vessel, or pipeline pumping
        station engine, and (c) the normal application
        of fertilizer. For purposes of this Inland Plan,
        "release" also means a threat of a release.

105.34  Response Action. This action includes the
        clean-up, removal,  disposal, destruction,
        or neutralization of one or more released
        pollutants; actions to abate or mitigate an
        actual or threatened release; actions to monitor,
        assess, and evaluate an actual or threatened
        release; and other actions to prevent or mitigate
        damage to public safety, security, health or
        welfare, the environment, or property.

105.35  Responsible Party.  Refers to the polluter,  or the
        person who owns or has charge, management
        or control of the pollutant. The Responsible
        Party's primary responsibility is on-site
        emergency planning and response to the
        polluting incident.

105.36  Significant Polluting Incident. A polluting
        incident that has or is likely to have particularly
        significant and substantial adverse effects
        on public safety, security, health or welfare,
        the environment or property, and requires or
        is expected to require a heightened level of
        response (e.g., the incident is anticipated to
        require the application of special techniques or
        methods or the involvement and coordination
        of several levels of government).
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                   200    JOINT  POLICY  AND  RESPONSIBILITIES
201    Joint Policy

201.1   The Participants are to seek the cooperation
        from the appropriate Canadian and United
        States agencies, to the extent possible, to
        respond expeditiously to a polluting incident.
        Actions taken pursuant to the Inland Plan are
        to be consistent with the statutory authorities,
        operational needs, and other obligations of
        each country.

201.2   Effective communication between Participants
        is vital to the successful implementation
        of the Inland Plan. Polluting incidents are
        to be reported as soon as is practicable, in
        accordance with Section 400 herein.

201.3   In a response situation that falls within the
        scope of the Inland Plan, the Participants are to
        make every effort to obtain resources that could
        be used for a joint response operation, subject
        to their capabilities and general requirements.
        In addition, each Participant is to have in
        place procedures to ensure that the necessary
        resources from the public and private sectors
        may be used to achieve  a successful outcome
        to a joint response operation.

201.4   The existing decision-making process of each
        affected country is to be followed to determine
        which countermeasures should be used to
        respond to a polluting incident in the affected
        country (e.g., in-situ burning).
202    Special Arrangements for Mutual
        Assistance

202.1   The Participants may, as appropriate, assist
        each other in exercising a right of recovery
        against a third party, including providing
        documentation.

202.2   As appropriate for mutual assistance, special
        customs and immigration clearances for
        response resources, including responders and
        equipment, may be granted by each country
        in accordance with the laws and regulations of
        each country. Procedures for accomplishing
        this are to be developed by national, regional,
        and local authorities, and are to be outlined in
        each Inland Plan Regional Annex.
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300   PLANNING AND  RESPONSE  ORGANIZATION
301    International Joint Advisory Team

301.1   The International Joint Advisory Team
        (IJAT) is the policy and advisory body whose
        purpose is to respond quickly to interagency
        and policy problems that cannot be resolved
        at the local level during significant polluting
        incidents. IJAT participation during a
        significant polluting incident is dependent upon
        mandated responsibilities. Members are asked
        to participate by EC's Headquarters through
        the Government Operations Centre (GOC) on
        the Canadian side and by EPA Headquarters,
        Office of Emergency Management, through
        the National Response Team (NRT), on the
        U.S. side of the border. A diagram of the
        Binational Concept of Operations can be found
        in Appendix B.

301.2   The IJAT comprises representatives from the
        suggested agencies listed in Appendix D and
        is jointly co-chaired by the Participants. IJAT
        Co-chairs have the overall responsibility for the
        maintenance, promotion, and coordination of
        the Inland Plan.

301.3   During a significant polluting incident, and
        upon the request by either Participant, the
        IJAT is to facilitate the provision of emergency
        resources and other support to the Regional
        Joint Response Team (RJRT) and also to
        activate other related emergency plans, such
        as the Canadian Federal Emergency Response
        Plan (FERP) and the United States National
        Response Framework (NRF). Actions of
        the IJAT are not to include management or
        direction of the on-scene response.

301.4   The IJAT is also to maintain a list of potential
        assisting agencies of each country and the
        assistance available from them. In addition,
        the IJAT is  to be responsible for notifying
        the RJRTs of any changes to these agencies'
        response capabilities.
301.5    IJAT Co-chairs should ensure that their country
        is in compliance with legal requirements for
        protecting the health and safety of emergency
        responders.

302    Regional Joint Response  Teams

302.1    Regional Joint Response Teams (RJRTs) are
        responsible for the development, maintenance
        and effective implementation of the respective
        Regional Annexes to the Inland Plan,
        including the development and maintenance
        of videos, maps, photos, or other records of
        sensitive areas that are given high priority for
        protection in the event of a polluting incident.
        The Regional Environmental Emergencies
        Coordinator (REEC) from the appropriate EC
        Regional Office and the Regional Incident
        Coordinator (RIC) from the appropriate EPA
        Regional Office will support the RJRT, when
        activated. Additionally, during a polluting
        incident, coordinated and comprehensive
        information and advice can be obtained from
        the Regional Environmental Emergencies
        Team (REET) (Canada) or the Regional
        Response Team (RRT) (U.S.). A diagram of the
        Binational Concept of Operations can be found
        in Appendix B.

        The REEC and the RIC, or the field OSC, may
        request activation of the REET or the RRT
        who can provide specialized expertise and
        equipment in support of response activities.

        The REET may coordinate with the Incident
        Command Post  (ICP) directly or provide
        assistance through the REEC. The RRT
        coordinates directly with the Regional Incident
        Coordinator (RIC) unless asked by the Incident
        Commander (1C) to coordinate directly with
        him/her in the ICP.

302.2    The RJRT should include representatives from
        the appropriate Canadian REET (Atlantic,
        Quebec, Ontario, Prairie and Northern, or
        Pacific and Yukon Region), and from the
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         300    PLANNING AND  RESPONSE  ORGANIZATION
Regional Joint Response Teams (continued)

        appropriate U.S. RRT (EPA Region 1, 2, 5, 8
        or 10), whose area of responsibility coincides
        with the respective inland boundary of the five
        adjacent Regions.

302.3   The RJRTs' areas of responsibility are divided
        as follows:
        a) The combined inland boundary of the
          Yukon Territory and British Columbia with
          EPA Regions 8 and 10 (Montana, Alaska,
          Washington, Idaho) — CANUSWEST;
        b) The combined inland boundary of Alberta,
          Saskatchewan,  and Manitoba with EPA
          Regions 5 and 8 (Minnesota, Montana,
          North Dakota) — CANUSPLAIN;
        c) The combined inland boundary of Ontario
          with EPA Regions 2 and 5 (New York,
          Minnesota, Michigan) — CANUSCENT;
        d) The combined inland boundary of Quebec
          with EPA Regions 1 and 2 (Vermont,
          New Hampshire, Maine, New York) —
          CANUSQUE; and
        e) The combined inland boundary of New
          Brunswick with EPA Region  1 (Maine) —
          CANUSEAST

        Further subdivision of the Inland Plan Regional
        Annexes may be an option for some regions for
        easier implementation.

302.4   Each RJRT is to maintain the Inland Plan
        Regional Annex that includes contact lists for
        all levels of government.

302.5   The standing pre- and post-incident functions
        of the RJRT are to include planning and
        preparedness activities, and are outlined below:
        a) Developing procedures to promote a
          coordinated response by all federal agencies
          to polluting incidents; procedures include,
          among others, environmental, technical,
          logistical, legal, customs, immigration,
          financial, and public information/media
          relations procedures;
        b) Reviewing post-incident reports from
          the OSC(s) on the handling of polluting
          incidents for the purpose of analyzing
          response actions, recommending needed
          improvements in the contingency plans, and
          identifying training needs;
        c) Forwarding to all levels of government
          the relevant reports and recommendations
          including OSC post-incident reports;
        d) Preparing RJRT debriefing reports and
          recommendations concerning amendments
          to the Inland Plan or its Regional Annexes;
          and
        e) Planning and implementing exercises as
          addressed in Section 802 of this Inland Plan.

302.6   Under RJRT coordination, the Participants
        should encourage federal agencies of both
        countries to coordinate their planning and
        response activities with each other, and with
        all affected levels of government, industry
        and non-governmental organizations, as
        appropriate.

302.7   The RJRT is to seek arrangements with federal
        agencies of both countries having services or
        facilities that may be useful to it in responding
        to a polluting incident.

302.8   The RJRT does not have operational control
        over the OSC(s). During a polluting incident,
        the advisory and support functions of the RJRT
        include:
        a) Providing advice and assistance to the
          OSC(s) during polluting incidents;
        b) Monitoring incoming reports, reviewing
          the possible impact of reported polluting
          incidents, and being fully aware of the
          actions and plans of the OSC(s);
        c) Coordinating the actions of the various
          agencies in supplying the necessary
          resources and assistance to the OSC(s);
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300    PLANNING  AND  RESPONSE  ORGANIZATION
Regional Joint Response Teams (continued)

        d) Engaging other federal agencies, and
          industrial or scientific groups to play their
          appropriate parts in support actions by
          acting through or in coordination with the
          RJRT or OSC(s);
        e) Coordinating all reporting on the status
          of the polluting incident to the respective
          Participants (using existing reporting
          mechanisms, as stipulated in Section 601);
        f) Ensuring that the OSC(s) have adequate
          public information support to ascertain that
          media and the public receive up-to-date
          information regarding a polluting incident;
        g) Reviewing and monitoring actions taken by
          the OSC(s) and making recommendations
          for additional measures needed to support
          the response and to protect the environment;
        h) Recommending a means to facilitate
          response coordination among all levels of
          government, industry and non-governmental
          organizations;
        i) Promoting efficient communications to
          ensure effective information flow; and
        j) Ensuring that the OSC(s) undertake
          adequate measures for protecting the health
          and safety of emergency responders.

303    On-Scene  Coordinator

303.1   The OSC(s) may assume one of the two
        following roles:
        a) Provide advice, assistance, and support
          to the Incident Commander (1C) or the
          Responsible Party and coordinate and direct
          the federal government activities at the scene
          of a polluting incident; or
        b) Lead when the polluting incident is under
          federal jurisdiction or in accordance with
          federal, provincial, state, territorial, Tribal
          or First Nations' agreements or when the
          polluting incident is beyond the capabilities
          of the 1C or the Responsible Party.
303.2
In the case where the OSC is the lead, he/
she is to be responsible for the overall control
and direction of the operations and could
be designated the 1C within the Incident
Command Post (ICP). In the event of a
significant polluting incident, Canada and the
United States are to follow the management
structure under the Federal Emergency
Response Management System (FERMS) and
the National Incident Management System
(NIMS), respectively.

The OSC(s) is (are) to ensure that adequate
measures for protecting the health and safety of
emergency responders are taken.
304   Canada and United States
        Federal Agencies' Responsibilities

304.1   Responsibilities of specified agencies are
        set out in Environment Canada's National
        Environmental Emergencies Contingency
        Plan, the Canadian Coast Guard's Marine
        Spills Contingency Plan, the Canadian Federal
        Emergency Response Plan (FERP), the U.S.
        National Oil and Hazardous Substances
        Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) and its
        supplementary guidance, and the U.S. National
        Response Framework (NRF). Other levels
        of government may be requested to assist, as
        needed.

305   Preparedness and Response
        Coordination

305.1   Initial responsibility for responding to
        incidents rests with local authorities unless
        otherwise identified under federal, provincial,
        state, territorial, Tribal and First Nations,
        regional, sub-regional or municipal regulations
        or agreements. Therefore, the Inland Plan
        anticipates that each country will encourage
        communities to have up-to-date contingency
        plans and information about potential hazards,
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         300    PLANNING  AND  RESPONSE  ORGANIZATION
Preparedness and Response Coordination
(continued)

        as well as adequate equipment and trained
        personnel for responding to potential polluting
        incidents within the community's jurisdiction.

305.2   Whenever an incident exceeds local
        capabilities, local authorities should seek
        assistance from other levels of government and
        should coordinate with industry and
        non-governmental organizations, when
        appropriate.

305.3   To ensure that authorities and planning
        mechanisms are applied consistently during
        a polluting incident, the Inland Plan and
        its Regional Annexes are to be coordinated
        with the comprehensive emergency plans
        prepared for U.S. local emergency planning
        committees or districts on the inland boundary
        in compliance with Title III (Emergency
        Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
        of 1986) of the Superfund Amendments and
        Reauthorization Act of 1986; with Regional
        Contingency Plans (RCPs) developed under
        the National Oil and Hazardous Substances
        Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP); with the
        Area Contingency Plans developed under the
        Oil Pollution Act of 1990; and equally with
        existing Canadian plans and arrangements.
306    Coordination with Industry and
        Non-governmental Organizations

306.1    The Inland Plan and its Regional Annexes
        should be coordinated with general and
        area-specific emergency response plans
        developed by major industrial and volunteer
        associations and by individual industries near
        the inland boundary.

306.2   The RJRT is to annually prepare and update
        a list of governmental and non-governmental
        technical support, including that of industry,
        which can be of assistance during joint
        response activities.

306.3    The DAT Co-chairs are to review the Inland
        Plan Regional Annexes and advise each
        RJRT on sources of expertise, services, and
        technology that the RJRT could include in
        planning.
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400   NOTIFICATION  AND  RESPONSE  OPERATIONS
40 7    Notification

401.1   Any polluting incident is to be reported to the
        other country without delay by telephoning the
        appropriate Regional contacts (as referenced
        in the Inland Plan Regional Annexes) or the
        Canadian National Environmental Emergencies
        Centre (NEEC) at (819) 997-3742 or the U.S.
        National Response Center (NRC) at
        (202) 267-2675 (outside the United States)
        or (800) 424-8802 (in the United States), in
        accordance with the procedures stated in each
        Regional Annex.

401.2   Whenever the NRC is notified of a polluting
        incident with the potential for transboundary
        effects, it is to notify NEEC. Whenever NEEC
        is notified by the NRC of a polluting incident,
        it is to notify EC's appropriate Regional Office,
        which, in turn, is to follow up with subsequent
        notifications. Whenever NEEC is notified
        of a polluting incident with the potential for
        transboundary effects, it is to notify the NRC.
        Whenever the NRC is notified by NEEC of a
        polluting incident, it is to  notify the appropriate
        EPA Regional Office, which, in turn, is to
        follow up with subsequent notifications.

401.3   If the polluting incident is considered
        significant, the NRC is also to notify the
        appropriate OSC on duty, who is to follow
        up with the U.S. RJRT Co-chair and the
        U.S. UAT Co-chair. The NRC is to forward
        information to the National Operations Center
        (NOC). With regard to a significant polluting
        incident in Canadian territory, the appropriate
        Environment Canada (EC) Regional Office
        is also to notify the Canadian RJRT Co-chair
        (REEC) and NEEC is to notify the Canadian
        IJAT Co-chair and the Government Operations
        Centre (GOC).

401.4   If the polluting incident is considered
        significant, a written notification message is to
        be originated by the appropriate RJRT
        Co-chair, sent to the other RJRT Co-chair
        and to the IJAT Co-chairs, and is to be
        acknowledged in writing by the recipient.
        Both RJRT Co-chairs are to follow up
        with subsequent notifications. This written
        notification message is not to activate the
        Inland Plan but is to permit assessment and
        immediate preparation for the possibility of its
        activation. The written notification message
        is to include the geographical position of
        the incident, a situation summary, and other
        appropriate data, and is to be distributed to all
        appropriate officials through each country's
        notification systems. The standard format for
        the written notification message as well as the
        notification diagrams can be found in
        Appendix E.

402    Response

402.1   Each Inland Plan Regional Annex is to identify
        the specific response roles of participating
        levels of government, industry and
        non-governmental organizations.

402.2   In the event of an Inland Plan activation or a
        joint response, the OSC(s), IJAT and RJRT are
        to consult among themselves and coordinate
        the joint response efforts and actions that will
        take place; the status of the response operations
        in each country; the personnel, equipment and
        financial resources available; the information
        that will be transmitted to the public; the
        safety and health issues; and the ecological/
        natural, historical, archeological and cultural
        considerations.
403    Disposal
403.1   Pollutants and other associated incident debris
        that are recovered as a result of response
        actions are to be disposed of in accordance
        with all applicable government requirements,
        and in a manner intended to minimize
        the possibility of further or continuing
        environmental damage.
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  500   BINATIONAL  ACTIVATION AND  DEACTIVATION
501    Activation

501.1   The Inland Plan may be activated by the
        RJRT Co-chair from the country of origin
        of the significant polluting incident, after
        consultation with and consent from the RJRT
        Co-chair from the other country and both IJAT
        Co-chairs. This activation would take place
        if the polluting incident is accompanied by a
        substantial threat of the spread of a pollutant
        into the inland boundary of the other country or
        such spreading has already occurred, or if the
        polluting incident is of sufficient magnitude to
        justify a request for assistance from the other
        country.

501.2   The appropriate RJRT Co-chair may activate
        the Inland Plan through a telephone message.
        The telephone message is to be followed by
        a written activation message (fax or email).
        The standard format for the written activation
        message as well as the activation diagram can
        be found in Appendix F.

501.3   Upon receipt of an Inland Plan activation
        message, the IJAT Co-chairs are to notify their
        respective foreign relations departments that
        a significant polluting incident has occurred
        or has the potential to occur. The verbal and
        written notifications are to be made to Foreign
        Affairs Canada and to the Department of State
        (U.S.).
502    Deactivation

502.1    A recommendation to end the joint response to
        a significant polluting incident is to be made
        after consultation and consent between the
        OSC(s), the 1C, and the RJRT and IJAT
        Co-chairs. The Activating RJRT Co-chair is to
        deactivate the Inland Plan by a formal written
        message with the agreement of the RJRT
        Co-chair from the other country. This written
        message is to clearly establish the date and
        time of the deactivation of the Inland Plan. The
        standard format for the written deactivation
        message as well as the deactivation diagram
        can be found in Appendix G.

502.2    Upon receipt of an Inland Plan deactivation
        message, the IJAT Co-chairs are to notify their
        respective foreign relations departments that
        the significant polluting incident has ended.
        The verbal and written notifications are to be
        made to Foreign Affairs Canada and to the
        Department of State (U.S.).
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600   REPORTING  PROVISIONS
601    Situation Reports

601.1   The RJRT is to ensure that the Canadian
       Pollution Incident Reports (PIRs) and the U.S.
       Situation Reports (SITREPs) include a full
       and timely assessment of the incident, actions
       taken, and progress made during the response.
       In turn, the RJRT is to provide the IJAT with
       the PIRs and SITREPs along with additional
       comments describing the RJRT's actions and
       recommendations.

602    Post-Incident Reports

602.1   The RJRT may request the OSC(s) and/or 1C
       to submit reports and to prepare operational
       debriefings for the RJRT and IJAT on the
       polluting incident. These may include actions
       taken and any observations, lessons learned,
       and recommendations that need to be made.
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                                                700   PUBLIC  INFORMATION
701   Policy and Responsibilities

701.1   When a polluting incident occurs, the public
        is to be provided with timely and accurate
        information on the nature of the incident,
        the steps that are being taken to cope with
        the problem, and what citizens should do
        to protect themselves. This information is
        intended to protect human lives, to encourage
        understanding among the public, to ensure
        cooperation from all interested parties and to
        reduce the possibility of the spread of concern
        or alarm through misinformation.

701.2   When the Inland Plan is activated, the RJRT
        Co-chairs are each to assign an on-scene public
        information officer who is to maintain liaison
        with all interested parties in the respective
        country, including but not limited to, all levels
        of government, news media, government press
        offices, the public, special interest groups,
        and concerned industries. These officers are
        to join a Joint Information Center (JIC) set up
        on-scene and are to support the OSC(s) or 1C,
        maintaining an account of events and advising
        the OSC(s) or 1C on public information issues.

701.3   The OSC(s) or 1C is (are) to keep all levels of
        government and the RJRT apprised of news
        office activities (e.g., issuing press releases,
        organizing briefing sessions, keeping the public
        informed) and public information issues.
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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800    UPDATING  AND EXERCISING
80 7    Inland Plan Review

801.1    The IJAT Co-chairs may review the Inland
        Plan annually to identify any planning-related
        issues, and recommend appropriate updates as
        needed, consistent with the terms of Section
        902 herein.

801.2    The RJRT Co-chairs may review the Inland
        Plan Regional Annexes annually to identify
        any planning-related issues, and recommend
        appropriate updates as needed, consistent with
        the terms of Section 902 herein.

802    Meetings and Exercises

802.1    Scheduling RJRT meetings and conducting
        joint response exercises are the responsibility
        of the RJRT Co-chairs, as described in
        the Inland Plan Regional Annexes. The
        recommended frequency of these meetings and
        exercises are as follows:
        a) RJRT meetings:  one meeting for each
          Regional Annex, at least once  every 18
          months, alternately organized and hosted by
          each Participant;
        b) RJRT exercises:  one exercise for each
          Regional Annex every two years, alternately
          organized and hosted by each Participant;
          and
        c) Schedules for both the RJRT meetings
          and exercises are set out in the Inland Plan
          Regional Annexes.

802.2    To promote greater efficiency, joint meetings
        may be held to coincide with joint exercises
        and may include more than one Region or
        Annex, as appropriate.
                                 CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                    900   ADMINISTRATION
90 7   Custodians

901.1   The custodians for the Inland Plan and its
       Regional Annexes, as well as any amendments
       thereto are: for Canada, the Director of
       the Environmental Emergencies Division,
       Environmental Protection Operations
       Directorate, Environment Canada; and for
       the United States, the Deputy Director of the
       Office of Emergency Management, Office of
       Solid Waste and Emergency Response, U.S.
       Environmental Protection Agency.

902   Amendments

902.1   The Inland Plan and its Regional Annexes
       may be amended at any time, provided
       both Participants accept the terms of the
       amendment(s) and do so in writing.
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX A


APPENDIX B

APPENDIX C

APPENDIX D


APPENDIX E

APPENDIX F

APPENDIX G
 Inland Plan Regional Annexes List and Map of the Transboundary
Coverage of the Inland Plan Regional Annexes

 Binational Concept of Operations Diagram

 Guidelines for the Revision of the Inland Plan Regional Annexes

 Suggested International Joint Advisory Team (IJAT) Member
Agencies

 Notification Message  and Diagrams

 Binational Activation  Message and Diagram

 Binational Deactivation Message and Diagram
                       CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                     1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX A

Inland Plan Regional Annexes List and
Map of the Transboundary Coverage of
the Inland Plan Regional Annexes

ANNEX I  CANUSWEST

The combined inland boundary of the Yukon Territory
and British Columbia with EPA Regions 8 and 10
(Montana, Alaska, Washington, Idaho)

ANNEX II   CANUSPLAIN

The combined inland boundary of Alberta,
Saskatchewan, and Manitoba with EPA Regions 5 and 8
(Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota)

ANNEX III  CANUSCENT

The combined inland boundary of Ontario with EPA
Regions 2 and 5 (New York, Minnesota, Michigan)

ANNEX IV   CANUSQUE

The combined inland boundary of Quebec with EPA
Regions 1 and 2 (Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine,
New York)

ANNEX V  CANUSEAST

The combined inland boundary of New Brunswick with
EPA Region 1 (Maine)
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX A (continued)
                 Transboundary Coverage of  the
                  Inland Plan Regional Annexes
  Abdul
                                                                  \
                         '"»••»•»•*»••>.., HP, i, , , — ,
                               r-v^,-
           «fi

       630     I .MO
Inland Plan Regional Annexes
	Inland Boundary:
   An approximate 25 km or 15,5 mite
   zone on each side of the border
                       CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                         1000    APPENDICES
APPENDIX B
                    Binational Concept of Operations
  o
  ~
  BJ
  C
  '•E
  8
  o
  "55
  o
  ~
  TO
GOC
                     CANADA
ECHO (NEEC)
                                                        U.S.
  IJAT
Co-chairs
                                 Incident Command Post
                                  CANADA           U.S.
                                    OSC            OSC
                                   Incident Commander
                                     Responsible Party  J
INSTITUTIONS IN CANADA
EC - Environment Canada
GOC - Government Operations Centre
HO - Headquarters
NEEC-National Environmental
     Emergencies Centre
REEC - Regional Environmental
     Emergencies Coordinator
REET - Regional Environmental
     Emergencies Team
                      BINATIONAL TEAMS
                      IJAT - International Joint Advisory Team
                      JIC - Joint Information Center
                      OSC - On-Scene Coordinator
                      RJRT - Regional Joint Response Team
                                         INSTITUTIONS IN THE U.S.
                                         EOC - Emergency Operations Center
                                         EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
                                         HO - Headquarters
                                         NRT - National Response Team
                                         RIC - Regional Incident Coordinator
                                         RRT- Regional Response Team
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000    APPENDICES
APPENDIX C
Guidelines for the Revision of the
Inland Plan Regional Annexes

The Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution
Contingency Plan (the "Inland Plan") provides for
a cooperative mechanism for preparedness for and
response to polluting incidents that cause, or may cause,
damage to the environment along the inland boundary,
or may constitute a threat to public safety, security,
health, welfare, or property. The Inland Plan may also
facilitate the provision of assistance when only one
country is affected, but the polluting incident is of such
magnitude to justify a request for assistance from the
other country.

Regional Annexes include, among other matters,
the definition of the jurisdiction, roles, and response
procedures of regulatory and support agencies within
specific regions of each country.

Additionally, and as mentioned in Section 102.4,
the following list of contents is intended to serve as
guidance in the revision of Regional Annexes to help
ensure a common understanding and approach.

This list is not to inhibit the creativity of planners or
interfere with existing regional planning practices;
regions may elect to develop separate contingency plans.
In fact, it may be beneficial to integrate the revision of
the Regional Annexes into the existing regional planning
process.
Proposed List of Contents

1.  Scope (includes purpose and geographic areas)
   Map of the regional inland boundary
   List of border cities

2.  Agreements and plans (relevant to each region)

3.  Response organization
        •  Response center
        •  OSC(s)
        •  Special forces/teams
        •  Response structures

4.  Operating procedures
   a) Discovery and notification
   b) Information on and coordination between
        •  OSC(s)
        •  REETsandRRTs
        •  RJRTandUAT
        •  All levels of government
        •  Public information groups
        •  Special interest groups
   c) Response operations

5.  Special considerations
   a) Customs and immigration
   b) Health and safety of responders and volunteers
   c) Volunteer coordination
   d) Aboriginal lands (Canada) or Native Lands (U.S.)

6.  Administration
   a) Amendments
   b) Updating and  exercising schedule
   c) Contact and resource list
                                 CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                            1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX D

Suggested International Joint Advisory
Team (IJAT) Member Agencies

Canada:

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada Border
Services Agency, Canada Revenue Agency, Canadian
Coast Guard, Canadian Food Inspection Agency,
Canadian Heritage, Citizenship and Immigration
Canada, Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans
Canada, Foreign Affairs Canada, Health Canada,
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Industry Canada,
Department of Justice Canada, Department of National
Defence, Natural Resources Canada, Parks Canada
Agency, Public Health Agency of Canada, Public Safety
Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Transport
Canada, Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, National
Energy Board, Privy Council Office, Transportation
Safety Board of Canada.

United States:

Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Coast Guard,
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department
of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department
of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of
Health and Human Services, Department of the
Interior, Department of Justice, Department of Labor,
Department of State, Department of Homeland Security,
Department of Transportation, General Services
Administration, Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX E

Notification Message and Diagrams
DATE:
TIME:
TO:     (RJRT Co-chair of the other country, address,
        email address, telephone and fax numbers)
FROM:   (RJRT Co-chair of the originating country,
        email address, telephone and fax numbers)
CC:     (DAT Co-chairs of each country)
NAME OF REGION AND ANNEX:
       1. Geographical location
       2. Pertinent incident details (e.g., nature,
         amount, and potential impact of the
         pollutant; weather conditions)
       3. Reason for notification message
                             CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                        1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX E (continued)

                   Notification Procedures in Canada
                                  Polluting Incident
                               NEEC / EC Regional Office
            Canadian
              IJAT
            Co-chair
  EPA
Regional
 Office
Canadian
  RJRT
Co-chair
 (REEC)
                                                                       T
                                                   U.S. IJAT
                                                   Co-chair
                U.S. RJRT
                 Co-chair
            • Notification for a Significant Polluting Incident only


         INSTITUTIONS IN CANADA
         EC - Environment Canada
         GOC - Government Operations Centre
         NEEC - National Environmental Emergencies Centre
         REEC - Regional Environmental Emergencies Coordinator

         BINATIONAL TEAMS
         IJAT - International Joint Advisory Team
         RJRT - Regional Joint Response Team

         INSTITUTIONS IN THE U.S.
         EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
         NRC - National Response Center
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX E (continued)

                   Notification Procedures in the U.S.
                                                            NOC
         EC Regional Office
                  U.S. DAT
                  Co-chair
                                           Canadian DAT
                                              Co-chair
               Canadian RJRT
               Co-chair (REEC)
             Notification for a Significant Polluting Incident only
       INSTITUTIONS IN CANADA
       EC - Environment Canada
       NEEC- National Environmental Emergencies Centre
       REEC - Regional Environmental Emergencies Coordinator

       BINATIONAL TEAMS
       MAT - International Joint Advisory Team
       RJRT - Regional Joint Response Team

       INSTITUTIONS IN THE U.S.
       NOC - National Operations Center
       NRC - National Response Center
OSC - On-Scene Coordinator
                             CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                         1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX F

Binational Activation Message and Diagram
DATE:
TIME:
TO:     (RJRT Co-chair of the other country, address,
        email address, telephone and fax numbers)
FROM:  (Activating RJRT Co-chair, address, email
        address, telephone and fax numbers)
CC:     (Activating country IJAT Co-chair and others
        for information and action, as appropriate)
NAME OF REGION AND ANNEX:
INLAND PLAN ACTIVATED AT: (date and time)
NAME OF OSC:
If a written notification message under Section 401.4
of the Inland Plan was not issued, the necessary site
information is to be added to the message activating the
Inland Plan.
In its acknowledgement, the receiving country is to
report the name and contact information of its IJAT
Co-chair and OSC.
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000    APPENDICES
APPENDIX F (continued)
                        Binational Plan Activation
                    Significant Polluting Incident

           Canadian
             RJRT
            Co-chair
                            EC Regional Office
                                   or
                           EPA Regional Office

          T
                        Preliminary Evaluation by
                      the RJRT and IJAT Co-chairs:
                      Recommend Joint Response?

     U.S.
     RJRT
   Co-chair
                                   No Plan Activation
              Foreign
              Affairs
              Canada
          IJAT
       Co-chairs
Department
  of State
   (U.S.)
   * Following the verbal activation notification, the activating RJRT Co-chair is to send a written notification message.
   INSTITUTION IN CANADA
   EC - Environment Canada
BINATIONAL TEAMS
IJAT - International Joint Advisory Team
RJRT - Regional Joint Response Team
      INSTITUTION IN THE U.S.
      EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
                             CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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                                                     1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX G

Binational Deactivation Message and Diagram
DATE:
TIME:
TO:    (RJRT Co-chair of the other country, address,
       email address, telephone and fax numbers)
FROM:  (Deactivating RJRT Co-chair, address, email
       address, telephone and fax numbers)
CC:    (Deactivating country IJAT Co-chair
       and others for information and action, as
       appropriate)
NAME OF REGION AND ANNEX:
INLAND PLAN DEACTIVATED AT: (date and time)
CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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1000   APPENDICES
APPENDIX G (continued)
                    Binational Plan Deactivation
            Continue
             Joint
            Response
                          ^Canada/U.S. OSCs/lc)

                            X1              "N
                            I Activating Country
                            I  RJRT Co-chair

                            nr
 Evaluation by the
OSCs, 1C, RJRT and
  IJAT Co-chairs:
Recommend ending
  joint response?
                          Other Country
                          RJRT Co-chair
                 Foreign
                 Affairs
                 Canada
      IJAT
    Co-chairs
Department
  of State
  (U.S.)
          * Following the verbal deactivation notification, the Activating Country RJRT Co-chair is to send
          a written notification message.
          BINATIONAL TEAMS
          IJAT - International Joint Advisory Team
          RJRT - Regional Joint Response Team
            OSC - On-Scene Coordinator
                         CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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CANADA-UNITED STATES JOINT INLAND POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN

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Environment Canada                            Environmental Protection Operations Directorate                        EC En4-83/2008E
                                              Environmental Emergencies Division                                  www.ec.gc.ca/ee-ue/

United States                                   Office of Emergency Management                                    EPA-540-R-08-001
Environmental Protection                         National Planning and                                               OSWER 9246.2
Agency                                        Preparedness Division                                               June 2009
                                                                                                                www.epa.gov

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