AP-42
                 SUPPLEMENT A
                 JANUARY 1991
  SUPPLEMENT A
        TO
  COMPILATION
        OF
 AIR POLLUTANT
EMISSION FACTORS

    VOLUME II:
 MOBILE SOURCES

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This supplement has  been reviewed by the  Office  of Mobile Sources,  u.  S.
Environmental  Protection Agency,  and has been approved  for  publication.'
Mention  of  trade  names  or  commercial  products   is   not   intended  to
constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
                              Supplement A

                                Volume II
                                 -ii-

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                        PREFACE TO SUPPLEMENT A TO

                        VOLUME II:  MOBILE SOURCES
     Compilation of Air  Pollutant Emission Factors, AP-42, reports data on
emissions  of  atmospheric  pollutants  for  which  sufficient  information
exists to establish  realistic emission estimates.  The highway source data
presented  in this  supplement  are  based  on  MOBILE4,  a  computer  program
issued by the EPA  in March 1989, which  estimates fleet emission rates for
hydrocarbons (HO, carbon  monoxide  (CO),  and oxides of  nitrogen  (NOx) for
any calendar  year  between  1960 and  2020.   The  emission  factors  for off-
highway mobile sources  are presented in Section  II  of the 4th edition  of
AP-42  (September 1985),  and are not  revised in  this  supplement.   EPA will
issue  additional supplements to this  volume, updating  the  emission factors
for particulates,  transit  buses,  and off-highway  mobile  sources,  as new
data are available.
     Comments and  suggestions regarding this document  are  appreciated and
should be addressed to:
         AP-42 Project
         Test and Evaluation Branch
         Environmental Protection Agency
         2565 Plymouth Road
         Ann Arbor,  MI  48105
                                  -iii-

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                                  CONTENTS
 I.   HIGHWAY MOBILE SOURCES

                                                                       Page/
                                                                    Section

     Introduction  	  1
     Light-Duty Gasoline-Powered Vehicles  	 15
     Light-Duty Gasoline-Powered Trucks I  	 37
     Light-Duty Gasoline-Powered Trucks II   	 43
     Heavy-Duty Gasoline-Powered Vehicles  	 49
     Light-Duty Diesel-Powered Vehicles 	 55
     Light-Duty Diesel-Powered Trucks  	 59
     Heavy-Duty Diesel-Powered Vehicles 	 63
     Motorcycles	67

     Appendix A - New Vehicle Emission Standards   	  A-l
     Appendix B - Calculation of the VMT Mix	B-l
     Appendix C - Calculation Procedure to Combine the Emission Results
                  of the Two Light-Duty Gasoline-Powered Truck Classes C-l
     Appendix D - Methodology for Calculating January 1 Travel Weighting
                  Information and Fleet Average Mileage Accumulation   D-l
     Appendix E - Method for Determining Excess Emissions
                  Due to Tampering and Misfueling	E-l
     Appendix F - Calculation Procedure for VMT vs Age Distribution
                  for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks  	  F-l
     Appendix G - Sample Calculations of Motor Vehicle Emissions.  . .  G-l
     Appendix H - Highway Mobile Source Emission Factor Tables  .  . .  H-l
     Appendix I - Emission Sensitivity Tables - All Vehicles Combined  1-1
     Appendix J - Emission Sensitivity Tables - By Vehicle Type .  . .  J-l
     Appendix K - Emission Sensitivity Tables - A/C and Load  ....   K-l

     Appendix L - Size Specific Total Particulate Emission
                  Factors for Mobile Sources  	   L-l
     Appendix M - Supplementary Guidelines for Lead
                  Implementation Plans  	   M-l
     Appendix N - Emission Factors for Diesel Transit Buses 	   N-l

II.  OFF-HIGHWAY MOBILE SOURCES

     Introduction
     Aircraft	II-l
     Locomotives	II-2
     Inboard Powered Vessels 	   II-3
     Outboard Powered Vessels  	   II-4
     Small General Utility Engines 	   II-5
     Agricultural Equipment  	   II-6
     Heavy Duty Construction Equipment	II-7
     Snowmobiles	II-8
                                   -iv-

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                    Part I - HIGHWAY MOBILE SOURCES
                              INTRODUCTION
     This  document  officially revises  all  previous  emission  factor
 (AP-42)  documents  for highway  mobile  sources.   Also,  this  document
 will  be  periodically  revised as  the  emissions  and  in-use   vehicle
 operational characteristics vary  from  those presented.
A.  PURPOSE

     This  document  was  generated  to  present  more  recent  emission
factor information  for  highway mobile sources.   As  such,  the affected
sections  of  the September  1985 Compilation  of Air Pollutant Emission
Factors;  Highway Mobile  Sources  document (Introduction, Chapters 1-8,
and  Appendixes  A-K)   are  outdated.   Many   of  the  emission  rates
contained in  this  document are found  in  EPA's  mobile  source emission
model,  MOBILE4.
B.  MAJOR DIFFERENCES FROM 1985 COMPILATION DOCUMENT

     The  differences  between  the  emission  factors presented  in this
supplement  and  the  September  1985 Compilation  Document  are  listed
below:
     1.  Calculation Methodologies

           a.    Fuel  volatility effects  on  hot  soak,  diurnal,  and
                 exhaust emissions are accounted for.

           b.    Running    loss   emissions    (evaporative    emissions
                 generated when  a vehicle is  operating)  are  added  to
                 the model.   Emissions are  expressed as functions  of
                 fuel volatility and ambient temperature.

           c.    Refueling emissions are added.
                                   -I-

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      d.    A  set of  trip-  and  emissions-weighted  temperatures,
            based  on  the   daily   minimum  and  maximum  ambient
            temperatures,  are calculated  in  the  model to be used
            for  estimating  exhaust,  hot  soak,  and  running loss
            emissions.   The  daily  minimum  and  maximum  ambient
            temperatures are  used to calculate diurnal emissions.

      e.    Two  sets  of   emission  deterioration   rates   as   a
            function  of   accumulated mileage  (one  applicable  to
            the  first  50,000 miles  of   vehicle  operation,   and a
            second   applicable  to   mileage   accumulation   over
            50,000 miles)  are used for  both  HC and  CO emissions
            of    1981    and   later    model   year   light-duty
            gasoline-powered  vehicles.

      f.    Hot  stabilized  idle  emissions  are  in units  of  grams
            per  hour.   For  late  model  year  gasoline-powered
            vehicle  types,   the  idle emission  rates  are  updated
            based on in-use  data,  as functions of hot FTP exhaust
            emission rates.

      g.    Trip   characteristics    (trip   days,   full   diurnal,
            partial  diurnal,  multiple   diurnal,  and no  diurnal
            days) are  being   accounted  for in the calculation  of
            evaporative  emissions  in grams  per mile.  Trips  per
            day  and  miles  per day  parameters are   expressed  as
            functions of  vehicle  age.

      h.    Emission  reduction  credits   from  a  motor   vehicle
            inspection   and   maintenance   program   and/or   an
            anti-tampering  program  are  estimated  depending  on
            several  user-specified  parameters,  such  as  waiver
            rate, compliance rate,  type  of program,  etc.
2.  Emission Data and Other Parameters

      a.     The hot soak  and  diurnal  emission rates are based  on
            test  results  using three  levels of  fuel  volatility,
            with varying ambient temperatures.

      b.     More   data   for   basic   exhaust    emissions    are
            incorporated  for  all  gasoline-powered vehicle  types
            and heavy-duty  diesel-powered  vehicles,  usually  for
            the later model years and across wider mileage  ranges.

      c.     More   representative   fleet   characterization   data
            (registration   and   mileage   accumulation   vs.   age
            distributions) are used for each vehicle type.
                              -2-

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            d.    New  methane   offsets   are   developed   for   the  three
                 light-duty  gasoline-powered  vehicle  types  based  on
                 more methane HC emissions data.

            e.    More  temperature  correction factor  data,   especially
                 from    fuel-injected    technologies,    aave     been
                 incorporated  for   light-duty  gasoline-powered  vehicle
                 types.   For ambient  temperatures  higher than  75°F,  a
                 combined  temperature  and  fuel  volatility   correction
                 factor is used to  adjust exhaust emissions.

            f.    More  speed  correction  factor  data,  especially  from
                 tests over very low speed (<_  5  mph)  cycles, have  been
                 incorporated  for   light-duty  gasoline-powered  vehicle
                 types.

            g.    An additional  category, "missing  gas  cap,"  is  added
                 for  tampering  rates   and  tampering  offsets.    More
                 tampering data have  been incorporated  for   light-duty
                 gasoline-powered vehicle types.
     3.  Regulations
           a.    The emission  rates  for the 1988 and  later  model year
                 trucks reflect  the  emission standards and regulations
                 that have been promulgated at the  time  of this update
                 (see Appendix A).

           b.    Emission  reduction  credits  from   a  fuel  volatility
                 control program  can be  accounted  for  (see  Section E
                 below).  Refueling  emission  impacts from either Stage
                 II or onboard refueling  vapor  recovery  system control
                 programs can  also  be  modeled  (see sections F  and G
                 below).

           [Note:  Regulations and emission standards  mandated  by the
             Clean Air Act Amendments  of 1990 are not accounted for in
             the emission factors presented in this  supplement.]
     In summary, all  of  the changes mentioned above have  an impact on
the calculated  emission  factors.  To  illustrate the differences,  six
figures  are  given.   Each  figure  represents emissions  at  an  average
speed  of  19.6 mph,  temperature  of  75°F,   and  operating  mode  VMT
percentages of  20.6% for  cold  start,  52.1% for  stabilized,  and 27.3%
for hot start,  FTP ambient diurnal temperatures  of  60°  to  84°F.   The
six figures are  grouped  into two sets:  low altitude and high altitude
                                   -3-

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emissions  for January  1  of  calendar years  1970  through  2000.   The
figures  represent  the   emission levels  for  all  eight  vehicle  types
combined.   Each  set of  graphs  is  composed  of  the  three  pollutants:
nonmethane  HC,  CO,  and  NOx.   The  emissions  predicted  by  the  1985
Compilation methodology were  generated by the MOBILE3  computer model,
using  the  default  of  9.0 psi RVP  certification  fuel  for  exhaust
emissions, and 11.5 psi fuel for evaporative  emissions.   The emissions
predicted by  the  1989  AP-42 methodology were  generated  by the MOBILE4
computer model,  as corrected  on May 19,  1989,  using the  in-use  fuel
volatility level  of 11.5 psi RVP for all emissions.
                                  -4-

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 E
 O)
oi
E
UJ
o
                            Figure 1
           NMHC Emissions,  All  Highway  Vehicles
                         Low Altitude Region
      1970
1980
1990
                         Calendar  Year

                              -5-
                      2000
                                                       0
                                                   2010

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to
CO
I
UJ

O
O
       90
80-


7Q-


60-


50-


40-


30-


20-


10-
        1970
                               Figure 2
                CO Emissions, All Highway Vehicles
                          Low Altitude  Region
             1980        1990


                    Calendar  Year

                          -6-
                                            MOBILE4
                                            MOBILE3
2000
                90


               - 80


               - 70


               • 60


               - 50


               - 40


               - 30
                20


                10


                0
                                                        2010

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c
o
'55
01

I
ui

x
O
                             Figure 3

             NOx  Emissions,  All Highway  Vehicles

                         Low  Altitude Region
        1970
1980        1990



      Calendar  Year


           -7-
2000
2010

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CO
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o
CO
to

I
Ul

o
X
                             Figure 4

            NMHC  Emissions,  All Highway Vehicles

                           High Altitude Region
       20
       15
10-
       5-
       0

       1970
             1980         1990



                     Calendar Year

                           -8-
                                                            20
                                                          - 15
                                                    • 10
                                                          • 5
                                             MOBILE4
                                             MOBILES
                                                     0
2000
                                                        2010

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(A
CO
m

ill

O
O
        1970
                             Figure 5
                CO   Emissions, All Highway Vehicles
                         High Altitude Region
1980        1990

        Calendar Year

               -9-
2000
2010

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CO
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o
°«
tfi

E
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X
O
                             Figure 6

            NOx  Emissions,  All  Highway  Vehicles

                         High Altitude Region
       1970
                                                        1
1980
1990
                          Calendar  Year

                                -10-
                                         2000
                                  2010

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 C.   VEHICLE  INSPECTION  AND  MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS

      As  in  MOBILE3,  if a motor  vehicle  inspection  and  maintenance
 (I/M)  program  is  in effect  in  the  area for which emission  factors  are
 being calculated) emission  reduction credits can be  taken.

      The  emission  reduction  credits attributable  to  an  I/M  program
 vary according to the type  of  program in effect.  The MOBILE4  credits
 for  an I/M program  depend on  the  following nine factors:

      1.    The calendar year  the  I/M program is implemented.

      2.    The estimated failure rate  (stringency  factor)  among  the
           pre-1981 model year  LDGVs or pre-1984 model  year  LDGTs.

      3.    The  oldest  and   newest   model  years  involved  in  the  I/M
           program.

      4.    Percent waiver rate.

      5.    Percent compliance  rate.

      6.    Frequency of I/M inspections:   annual  or biennial.

      7.    The  four  vehicle  types   potentially affected  by  the  I/M
           program:  LDGVs,  LDGTls,  LDGT2s,  and HDGVs.

      8.    One  of  the  three  test   types:   idle test,  2500  RPM idle
           test, or loaded idle test.

     9.    One  of   the  three   I/M  program  designs:   centralized,
           decentralized and computerized, or decentralized and manual.

     The  I/M  credits  are  not   tabulated  in  this   document but   are
built-in to the MOBILE4 computer program.
D.  VEHICLE ANTI-TAMPERING PROGRAMS

     As in MOBILES, emission reduction credits can also  be  taken if an
anti-tampering  program  (ATP)   is  in  effect  in  the area  for  which
emission factors are being calculated.

     The  emission  reduction  credits  attributable  to  an  ATP  vary
according to the  program type.   The MOBILE4 credits  for an ATP depend
on the following seven factors:

     1.    The calendar year in which the ATP is implemented.
                                  -11-

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      2.    The oldest  and  newest  model  years involved in the ATP.

      3.    The  vehicle  types  affected  by  the  ATP:   LDGVs,  LDGTls,
           LDGT2s and  HDGVs,

      4.    One of the  two  ATP  designs:   centralized or  decentralized.

      5.    Frequency  of  the  anti-tampering  inspections:    annual   or
           biennial.

      6.    Percent compliance  rate.

      7.    The  extent of  the  inspections  (i.e.,  types of  components
           inspected).  The  eight  components  that may  be  included  in
           an  ATP  are:    air  pump,  catalyst,   fuel  inlet   restrictor,
           tailpipe  lead  detection,  EGR,  evaporative   control  system
           (canister, purge lines,  etc.),  PCV, and fuel  cap.

     These  ATP  credits  are  not  tabulated  in  this  document,  but  are
built-in to the MOBILE4 computer program.
E.  FUEL VOLATILITY ..CONTROL PROGRAM

     Emission  reduction  credits  can  be  taken  if  a  fuel volatility
control program  is  in effect  in the  area for which  emission  factors
are being calculated.

     The emission  reduction credits attributable  to a fuel volatility
control program vary according to the following three parameters:

     1.    The base (pre-control) fuel volatility level.

     2.    The controlled fuel volatility level.

     3.    The calendar  year  in  which  the   fuel   volatility   jontrol
           program is implemented.


F.  STAGE II VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM CONTROL PROGRAM

     Refueling emission reduction  credits  can be taken  if a  Stage II
vapor  recovery  system  control program  is in effect  in the  area for
which emission factors are being calculated.

     The refueling emission  reduction  credits attributable to  a Stage
II  vapor  recovery  system  control  program  vary  according  to  the
following four parameters:
                                  -12-

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      1.    The  calendar  year  in  which the  Stage  II  vapor  recovery
           system  control program  is  implemented.

      2.    Length  of phase-in period  (from  one to three years)  allowed
           for all  stations  to  complete  installation.

      3.    Percent  efficiency for  LDGVs  and LDGTs.

      4.    Percent  efficiency for  HDGVs.
G.  ONBOARD VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM CONTROL PROGRAM

     Emission  reduction credits can  be taken  if  a nationwide onboard
vapor recovery system control program is in effect.

     The  emission  reduction  credits  attributable  to  a  nationwide
onboard  vapor recovery system control program vary according  to the
following parameters:

     1.    The model year  in which the onboard vapor  recovery system
           control program is implemented.

     2.    The four vehicle  types  covered are:  LDGVs,  LDGTls, LDGT2S,
           and HDGVs.
H.  REACTIVE VERSUS NONREACTIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS

     Available  scientific  evidence indicates  that methane  and  a  few
other nonreactive organic  compounds  do not contribute significantly to
ozone formations.   EPA's Volatile Organic Compound policy,  published
in  the  Federal Register on  July 8,   1977,  allows a  limited number of
compounds,  including methane,  to be excluded  from  control  actions.
States have been  advised that they should exclude these compounds from
baseline emission inventories that are to be used  for  control strategy
development for ozone.

     Although motor  vehicles are  regulated  directly by  the Clean  Air
Act  on  a  total  hydrocarbon  basis  (rather  than  on  a  "reactive"
hydrocarbon basis),  it is appropriate,  when estimating  ozone levels,
to  consider  only those  motor  vehicle emissions  which will  react  to
form ozone.  However,  consideration  must be given to  the  format of  any
associated stationary source emission inventory so that  mobile  source
and  stationary source  emission  inventories  are  consistent  in  their
exclusion.
                                  -13-

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     For MOBILE4, as in MOBILES,  nonmethane  emissions are estimated by
subtracting   methane  offsets   from   the   total   hydrocarbon   (THC)
emissions.   These  offsets are  constant.   While  the  MOBILE4  computer
program  can  calculate  either  total  or  nonmethane  hydrocarbon  (NMHC)
emissions,  all HC  emission  factors  presented  in  this  document are
nonmethane hydrocarbons.

     EPA's Office of Air  Quality Planning and Standards has determined
that volatile  organic  compounds  (VOCs),  which  consist of  any organic
compounds  that  participate  in  atmospheric photochemical  reactions,
include all organic compounds except for those listed below:

           methane
           ethane
           methyl chloroform
           methylene chloride
           trifluoromethane (FC-23)
           trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)
           dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-22)
           trichlorotrifluoroethane (CFC-113)
           dichlorotetrafluoroethane (CFC-114)
           chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)
           dichlorotrifluoroethane (HCFC-123)
           tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
           dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b)
           chlorodifluoroethane (HCFC-142b)

     Of  these compounds,  only  methane and  ethane are  represented in
highway mobile  source exhaust  and evaporative hydrocarbon  emissions.
The emission  factors  presented  in this supplement, whether for "total"
or  "non-methane"  hydrocarbons,  do  not exclude ethane.   Formaldehyde,
which  is  a VOC  under  the definition  given above, is  not  included in
either the total or non-methane hydrocarbon  emission  factors  presented
in  this  supplement.   Future  revisions to  the  mobile  source  emission
factor model  and  the AP-42 emission  factor compilation  document will
account  for  these  differences  (i.e.,  after future  revisions,  ethane t
emissions will be excluded from the  "non-methane"  hydrocarbon  emission
factors  and  aldehyde  emissions will  be included  in the  "total" and
"non-methane" hydrocarbon emission factors).
                                  -14-

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                                Chapter  1

                   LIGHT-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED VEHICLES
1.A  INTRODUCTION

Because  of  their  widespread  use,  light-duty  gasoline-powered vehicles
(LDGVs),  or  automobiles,   are   responsible  for  a  large  share  of   air
pollutant  emissions  in many  areas  of  the  United States.   A  LDGV  is
defined  to  be  any  gasoline-fueled  vehicle  designated  primarily   for
transportation  of  persons  and  having a  capacity of 12  or less persons.
Substantial  research  effort has been expended to  accurately characterize
emissions  from  these vehicles.   EPA's  ongoing  program  to collect in-use
vehicle emissions data  was instituted a  number  of  years ago in  order  to
estimate their emission levels.

In  addition  to  the  methodologies  presented  for  calculating  the  basic
exhaust emission levels for  HC»  CO,  and NOx, data  are  referenced in  this
chapter  for crankcase  emissions,  evaporative  hydrocarbon  emissions   from
vehicles that are parked  (hot soak and diurnal),  from   vehicles  that  are
in operation (running  loss),  and from vehicles  that are being refueled,
and emissions in  the  idle  mode.  Information is  also given regarding  the
emission correction factors and travel weighting fractions.

All tables  referenced in  Chapters 1-8 are found in Appendix H.   The first
half of Appendix H applies to the low altitude  region, the  latter  half  to
the high altitude region.

I.A.I  Test Procedure

LDGV exhaust and  evaporative emissions  testing is  performed  according  to
procedures stipulated in the Federal Register (42 FR 32954, June 28,  1977)
and the  Code of Federal Regulations  (40  CFR Part  86, Subpart  B,  July  1,
1989).   The  basic test conditions  under  which  LDGVs  are  tested are  as
follows:

     1.  Ambient temperature range is between 68° and 868F.

     2.  Absolute humidity  is adjusted  to 75 grains of  water per pound of
         dry air.

     3.  Average speed is  19.6 mph,  including 18% idle operation.

     4.  Average percent of vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT)   is 20.6%  in  cold
         start  operation,   27.3%  in  hot  start  operation,  and 52.1% in
         stabilized  operation.

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    5.   Average trip length is 7.5 miles.

    6.   Fuel volatility is 9.0 psi RVP.

Additional  elements regarding  the test  procedure that  are  reflected  in
the emission estimates are as follows:

    1.   Air conditioning is not in use.

    2.   Car   contains   driver   and   passenger,   with  no   additional
         passengers, luggage, etc.

    3.   Car is not pulling a trailer.

The test sequence for LDGVs is summarized below:

    1.   Determine the weight of the vehicle.

    2.   Determine  the   road-load   (assuming level  road,  no  curves,  no
         wind), which is a function of weight and frontal area.

    3.   Precondition the vehicle (i.e., vehicle is briefly driven).

    4.   Place the vehicle  in  an ambient temperature  environment between
         68° and 86°F,  with the engine off for at least 12 hours.

    5.   The  fuel   tank  is  drained  and  refilled  to  40%  full  with  the
         specified test  fuel.

    6.   Move the vehicle (with the engine shut off) into the evaporative
         emission  enclosure.    Close  and seal  enclosure  doors.   Start
         diurnal heat build for one  hour so  that the  fuel  temperatures
         rise from 60 to 84°F.   This is the diurnal breathing loss test.

    7.   Push the vehicle onto  a dynamometer.   Start  the engine and begin
         collecting exhaust emissions.

    3.   Emissions   for  the  first  505  seconds  are  collected   for  test
         segment #1.  The  mileage  driven is 3.59  miles with  an average
         speed of 26 mph.   This is  the cold start portion of  the test.

    9.   Test segment #2  collects  emissions for  the  next  870  seconds.
         The engine is not  turned  off between Steps 8  and 9.   The mileage
         driven is 3.91 miles  and  the average speed is  16  mph.   This  is
         the stabilized  portion of  the test.

    10.   The engine is turned off,  and remains  off  for  10 minutes.
                                  -16-

-------
    11.  The  car  is  re-started.   The first  505  seconds  are  re-run and
         emissions  are  collected  for  test segment  #3,   This  is  the hot
         start portion of the test.

    12.  The  grams  of  each  pollutant  are  determined  for  each  test
         segment.   NOx  emissions are adjusted  for humidity.   The exhaust
         emission levels, in grams per mile, are computed.

    13.  Place  the  vehicle   inside  the  evaporative  emission  enclosure
         immediately after the  test  segment *3.  Close and seal enclosure
         doors for 60 minutes.  This is the hot soak test.
Running loss  testing  is  performed by operating the vehicle over specified
driving  cycles  on   a   dynamometer  that  is   installed   inside   of  an
evaporative emissions enclosure.   The test procedure, which  has  not been
formally  promulgated,   is   outlined  below.    Tests  are   conducted  at
different temperatures and  using  different RVP fuels to permit estimating
running loss emission factors at different speeds and temperatures.

    1.    Drain and refill fuel tank to 40 percent  full with Indolene test
         fuel  (9.0 psi RVP).

    2.    Perform  the  following preconditioning  sequence at  95°F:   Drive
         one  LA-4  cycle, one  hour  soak,  drive  another  LA-4 cycle,  one
         hour  soak.

    3.    Drain vehicle fuel  tank  and refill to 40 percent  full  using the
         desired test fuel.

    4.    Operate the vehicle over  another LA-4 driving cycle.

    5.    Vehicle soak for 12 to 30 hours  at the desired test temperature.

    6.    Push   the  vehicle   onto   the  dynamometer   in   the   evaporative
         emission enclosure.

    7.    Drive the  vehicle  continuously   for  approximately one hour over
         the  desired  test  cycle.    (Test  cycles  used  for  running  loss
         testing are the New  York  City Cycle and  the  LA-4.   Running loss
         testing   over   the   Highway  Fuel   Economy  Test   cycle   was
         discontinued when  it was  observed  that  running  loss emissions
         over  that  cycle are  nearly  nonexistent in  almost all  cases.)
         Six  repetitions of the NYCC, or three repetitions of the  LA-4,
         are required.

    8.    Repeat steps  3  thru 7 above  as  required to  achieve a valid test
         at each desired  combination of temperature and fuel volatility.
                                  -17-

-------
 1.A.2
General Emissions Calculation Equations
The  following  generalized  equations  are   used   to   calculate   the   LDGV
emission factors  (subscripts dropped  from equations for  clarity):
    COMPHC


    COMPCO

    COMPNO

where:

    BEFHC

    BEFco

    BEFwo
     =  SUM {TF * [(BEF * SALHCF * RVPCF)
                    + REFUEL + RNGLOS + CCEVRT]}

     =  SUM [TF * (BEF * SALHCF * RVPCF)]

     =  SUM [TF * (BEF * SALHCF)]




     =  {[(BER * OMTCF) - OFFMTH] * PCLEFT} + OMTTAM

     =  (BER  * OMTCF  * PCLEFT)  + OFFCO + OMTTAM

     =  (BER  * OMTCF)  +. OMTTAM
    SALHCFHC.co  =  SCF * ACCF * XLCF * TWCF

    SALHCFno     =  SCF * ACCF * XLCF * TWCF * HHH

And also where:

    COMPHCn   =  The  composite   HC  emission   factors   in  g/mile,   on
                 January 1 of calendar year n.

    SUMi      =  The summation over  twenty model years i, from n-19 to n,
                 where n is the calendar year.

    TFin      =  The fraction of  the total miles  driven, for model  year
                 i,  on January 1 of calendar year n.

    BEFin     =  The basic exhaust  emission rates  in g/mi,  for model  year
                 i,  in calendar year n.

    SALHCFips  =  The composite  speed,  air  conditioning,  extra load,   and
                 trailer  towing  correction  factor,   for model  year  i,
                 pollutant p,  and speed  s.

    RVPCF     =  The fuel volatility  (as measured  by Reid vapor  pressure
                 (RVP))  correction  factor   for exhaust emissions,  for  HC
                 and CO emissions from model year 1971-79  vehicles.

    REFUELi   =  The refueling  HC  emission factors  in   g/mi,  for model
                 year i.
                                  -18-

-------
 RNGLOSi


 CCEVRTi


 COMPCOn


 COMPNOn


 BERipn     =



 OMTCFipt   =




 OFFMTHi


 PCLEFTipn  =



 OMTTAMipn  =



 OFFCOit


 SCFipS


 ACCFi

XLCFi

TWCFi

HHH
=  The running  loss  HC  emission factors in g/mi,  for model
   year i.
=  The crankcase  and g/mi evaporative  HC  emission factors,
   for model year i.
   The exhaust CO emission  factors  in g/mile, on  January 1
   of calendar year  n.

   The exhaust NOx emission  factors  in g/mile,  on  January I
   of calendar year  n.

   The basic nontampered exhaust  emission  rates in  g/mile,
   for model year i,  pollutant  p, on January 1  of  calendar
   year  n.

   The composite operating  mode  and  temperature (and  fuel
   volatility,  if temperature  is  >  40°F  and model  year  is
   1980  or  later)   correction   factor,  for  model   year  i,
   pollutant  p,  at temperature t.

   The  methane   offsets  in  g/mi,   for  model  year  i,  if
   nonmethane  HC  emissions are being  estimated.

   The exhaust emission benefit of  an operating inspection
   and  maintenance    (I/M)   program  for   model  year   i,
   pollutant p,  in calendar year n.

   The emission offsets  in  g/mi  corrected  for   temperature
   and operating mode,  for  model  year i,   pollutant p,  in
   calendar year  n, due to all types  of tampering.

   The bag  1  CO offsets  in g/mi corrected  for operating
   mode, for model year i. at temperature t.

   The speed  correction factor,  for model year i, pollutant
   p,  at speed s.

   The air conditioning correction factor for model year i.

  The extra load correction factor for model year i.

  The trailer towing correction factor for model year i.

  The humidity correction factor  (for NOx emissions only).
                              -19-

-------
 The general equations for estimating hot  stabilized  idle  emissions are  as
 follows:

     IEF        =  SUM [TF * (IER - IDLMTH + TAMPIDL)]

 where:

     lEFpn      =  The idle  emission factors  in  g/hour,  for  pollutant p,
                   in calendar year n.

     lERipu     s  The idle  emission rates  in g/hour,   for  model  year  i,
                   pollutant p,  in calendar year n.

     IDLMTHi    =  The idle  methane  offsets in  g/hour,  for model  year i,
                   applicable  only  to   HC  emissions,   if  nonroethane  HC
                   emissions  are being estimated.

     TAMPIDLinp  =  The idle  emission rates  in g/hour,   for  model  year  i,
                   pollutant  p,  in calendar year  n,  due  to  tampering.

 Note that idle  emissions are  not corrected for  temperature or  operating
 mode.
 1..B    EMISSIONS

 This  section  discusses  the  emission  estimates  for  the  LDGVs:    basic
 exhaust  emission  rates,  emission  rates  including  tampering,   crankcase
 emissions,  other  evaporative HC  emission components,  January 1 emission
 levels,  and  idle  emission  rates.   The  emission standards  are given  in
 Section A.1.1  of  Appendix A.   The  emissions  reflect vehicles  which have
 received  typical  in-use  maintenance.   Further,  the   vehicles are not
 involved in an I/M or anti-tampering program.


 I.B.I  Basic Exhaust Emission Rates

The  basic  exhaust  emission  rates  for  LDGVs  were  derived  from data on
in-use vehicles, tested with  fuel  volatility  at the certification  level
 (9.0 psi RVP),  with  no   observed  tampering.    The  assumption  in  the
derivation of  the  basic  exhaust  emission rates  is  that  emission  levels
change linearly  as vehicles  accumulate  mileage.  The  emission  rates are
dependent upon three variables:

    1.         zero mile emission levels,

    2.         emission  deterioration  rates  for  vehicles  with  50,000
               miles or less accumulated mileage, and,

    3-         emission deterioration  rates  for  vehicles  with  more  than
               50,000 accumulated miles.
                                  -20-

-------
 The  zero-mile  emission levels are  the  average  grams  of  pollutants emitted
 by  the  vehicles  at  zero  miles.   The  two emission  deterioration  rates
 adjust  the zero  mile  levels  as  vehicles  accumulate  mileage.   Note  that
 for  pre-1981  model  year  HC  and  CO  emissions and  all  model  year  NOx
 emissions, the same emission  deterioration  rates are  used  at  all  mileages.

 The  basic exhaust emission levels are  calculated from a two-step  linear
 function:
    BERipn
ZMLip + DRlip * Min
if M <  50,000 miles
               ZMLip +• DRlip  *  5.0  + DR2ip *  (Min  -  5.0)
                                                        if M  >  50,000  miles
where the lower case letters are subscripts and

    BERipn  =  The  nontampered basic  exhaust emission  levels  in g/mile,
               for model year  i and pollutant  p,  on January 1 of  calendar
               year n.
    ZMLip


    DRlip



    DR2ip
    Min
The zero  mile  emission levels in g/mile,  for model year  i
and pollutant p.

The emission deterioration  rates  for  vehicles  with  less
than  or  equal  to  50,000 miles,  in (g/mile)/lO,000 miles,
for model year i and pollutant p.

The emission deterioration  rates  for  vehicles  with  more
than  50,000 miles,  in  (g/mile)/10,000 miles,   for  model
year i and pollutant p.  Note that  for  pre-1981 model  year
HC and  CO emissions,  and all model year NOx emissions, DR2
equals DR1.

The   model  year   i   cumulative   mileage   divided   by
10,000 miles, on January 1 of calendar year n.
The basic nontampered  exhaust emission rates are presented in Appendix *H
(Table 1.1.1A) for the different LDGV model year groups and pollutants.
1.B.2  Exhaust Emission Rates With Tampering

Tampering offsets  in g/mi  are  added to the basic  exhaust emission rates
so  that  the overall  fleet  emissions  reflect  national  average  rates  of
tampering.  (Locality-specific  tampering  rates  can be provided as part of
the  input stream  by the  MOBILE4  user  having  such  information.)   The
methodologies  used  to  estimate  the  tampering  rates  and  the  emission
offsets  from  various  types  of  vehicle  tampering  are  described  in
Appendix E.
                                  -21-


-------
 Tampering effects  are  first  estimated  for each  type  of  tampering  and
 operating mode  (cold  start,  stabilized,  and hot start), as  described in
 the following equation:

     TAMPOFFipmn  =   TAMPipm * PEQUIPim *  RATEimn

 where:

     TAMPOFFipmn  =   The  emission offsets  due to  tampering  in  g/mi,  for
                     model   year   i,  pollutant   p,  tampering  type  m,   in
                     calendar year n.

     TAMPipm       =   The  increase in emissions   from  tampered  vehicles   in
                     g/mi,  for model  year  i, pollutant  p,  and  tampering
                     type m.

     PEQUIPim      =   The  percent  of  the model  year  i  vehicles  that  are
                     equipped with item m that can be  tampered  with.

     RATEimn       =   The percent  of  model  year i vehicles with equipment m
                     that has been tampered with  in calendar year  n.

The  emission offsets of each  type of tampering  are  then  combined to form
overall  tampering  offsets for  cold  start,  stabilized,  and  hot   start
operating modes.  They are then  corrected  for  temperature,  and combined
by the following equation:
    OMTTAMipn


where:

    OMTTAMipn


    TAMPOFFipn



    CS

    ST

    HS

    TCP
=  (TAMPOFFipnl  *  CS  * TCF1) > (TAMPOFFipn2 * ST * TCF2)
   + (TAMPOFFipn3 * HS * TCF3)
=  The  composite  tampering  offsets in  g/mi,  for  model
   year i, pollutant p, in calendar year n.

=  The  tampering  offsets  in  g/mi,  for  model year  i,
   pollutant  p,  in  calendar year  n,   for each  of  the
   operating modes (cold start,  stabilized, hot start).

=  Percent of VMT accumulated in cold start mode.

=  Percent of VMT accumulated in stabilized mode.

=  Percent of VMT accumulated in hot start mode.

=  Temperature  correction  factor  (or  temperature  and
   fuel volatility correction factor,  depending on  model
   year group) for each of the  operating modes.
4
                                                                                     i
                                                                                  •
                                  -22-

-------
 The  exhaust emission rates  including  tampering in  g/mi  are presented  in
 Appendix  H, Table 1.1.IB,  for the  different  LDGV  model  year groups  and
 pollutants  at different mileage  intervals.
 1.B.3  Crankcase and Evaporative  HC  Emission  Levels

 In   addition  to  the  basic  exhaust  HC  emission  levels  and  tampering
 offsets,  five  evaporative HC emission  components are  also calculated  by
 MOBILE4:

     1.  Crankcase  HC  emissions are  evaporative emissions coming  from  the
        crankcase when the engine  is running.

     2.  Hot soak  losses  are produced as  fuel  evaporates  from either  the
        carburetor   system  (carbureted   vehicles)   or   the   fuel   tank
        (fuel-injected vehicles)  at  the end of  a  trip.

     3.  Increases  in  ambient   temperature result   in  expansion   of   the
        air-fuel  mixture   in   a  partially  filled  fuel   tank   and   the
        generation  of  additional   fuel   vapor.   As  a   result,   diurnal
        emissions are expelled into  the atmosphere,

     4.  Running  loss  emissions  are  evaporative  emissions  generated when
        the vehicle is operating.

     5.  Refueling  emissions  are  evaporative  emissions   resulting  from
        either displacement  of  gasoline vapor  from  the  vehicle fuel tank
        or spillage of fuel when the vehicle  is being refueled.

Note that  the  first  three emission  components  (crankcase,  hot soak,   and
diurnal)   are   sometimes  called  "crankcase  and   g/mi   evaporative   HC
emissions," a  terminology carried over  from MOBILE2/MOBILE3.   The  last
two emission components are new additions  in MOBILE4.

The  evaporative emissions  are  calculated  according to the following three
equations:

    CCEVRT      =  [(HS  +  TAMPHS)   *  TPD +•  (DI  + TAMPDI) ] /  MPD   +
                   (CC + TAMPCC)

    RNGLOS      =  RULOSS + TAMPRL

    REFUEL      =  (DISP +• SPILL) / ROADFE

wherei

    CCEVRTi     =  The sum  of  crankcase and  g/mi evaporative  HC emission
                   factors, for model year i.
                                  -23-

-------
 HStki        =  The hot  soak  emission  rates  in g/trip,  corrected for
                temperature t  and fuel of k psi RVP,  for model year i.

 TAMPHSkin   =  The  hot   soak   excess  emission   rates  in   g/trip,
                corrected for  k psi RVP  fuel  volatility,  model year i,
                in calendar year  n due to tampering.

 TPDj         =  The trips per  day values for age j  vehicles.

 DItki        =  The diurnal emission  rates   in  grams,  corrected  for
                temperature t,  k psi RVP  fuel  volatility,  and  model
                year  i.
TAMPDItkin   =



MPDj

CCi

TAMPCCin


RNGLOSi


RULOSStki



TAMPRLtkin  =
REFUELi


DISPk


SPILL

ROADFEi
   The  diurnal  excess emission  rates  in grams,  corrected
   for  temperature  t,  k  psi RVP fuel  volatility,  model
   year i,  in calendar year  n due to  tampering.

   The miles per day values  for  age j  vehicles.

   Crankcase emissions in  g/mi,  for model year  i.

   The crankcase excess emissions in  g/mi,  for model year
   i, in calendar year n due  to  PCV tampering.

   The  running  loss   HC   emission factors  in  g/mi,  for
   model year i.

   The running loss emission  rates in g/mi,  corrected  for
   temperature  t,   k  psi  RVP  fuel volatility,  and  model
   year i.

   The  running  loss  excess  emission   rates  in   g/mi,
   corrected    for    temperature   t,    k  psi RVP   fuel
   volatility, model  year i,  in  calendar year n  due  to
   tampering.

   The refueling emission  factors in g/mi,  for model year
   i.

   The   displacement   refueling  losses   in   g/gallon,
   corrected for k psi RVP fuel volatility.
=  An average spillage rate in g/gallon.

=  Road  fuel economy,  in  gallons/mi,  for  model year  i
   vehicles.

                              -24-

-------
 Except   for   the   crankcase   and   refueling  HC   emissions,   all   other
 evaporative  HC emission  components  are modeled  as  direct functions  of
 ambient   temperature  and   fuel  volatility.    (Refueling  emissions  are
 adjusted  in MOBILE4 on  the basis  of the  specified ASTM  fuel  volatility
 class,   which  serves  as  a  surrogate  variable  for  the  effects of  both
 ambient temperature  and  fuel volatility  on these emissions.)   In MOBILE4,
 it  is  assumed that  there  are no  hot   soak,  diurnal,  running  loss,  or
 refueling  emissions  when the  temperature is  less  than  or  equal  to  40°F,
 Further,  except for crankcase and  refueling emissions,  these  evaporative
 HC  emissions,  as  can be  seen  from  the above  equations, are  corrected for
 fuel  volatility and  temperature.

 Under FTP conditions, the  diurnal  emissions  are  measured  during a  heat
 rise  from  60"  to 84°F over  a one hour period.   The  hot soak  emissions are
 measured   immediately  at  the  end   of  the  hot start  (test segment  $3)
 portion of the exhaust  emissions  testing,  with the  ambient  temperature
 about 82°F.   The  fuel tank level  is  at  40%,  with  fuel at  the  designated
 fuel  volatility levels.

 The  LDGV   crankcase,  hot  soak, and  diurnal  emissions at  both  9.0  and
 11.5  psi RVP  fuels from nontampered  vehicles  tested under  FTP  conditions
 are summarized in  Table 1.1.2A of Appendix  H.   The  combined  crankcase and
 g/mi  evaporative   HC   emission  tampering  offsets   at  various mileage
 intervals  are  presented in Table 1.1.2B.  The nontampered  running  loss
 emissions  by  model  year   group,   fuel  volatility   level,  and ambient
 temperature are  summarized  in Table 1.1.2C.   The  refueling emissions  by
 model year are given in Table  1.1.20.
1.B.4  January 1 Emission Levels

The emission  levels  for 20 model  years on  January 1 of  the  selected 24
calendar years are  given in Tables 1.1.11A  through 1.1.11C of Appendix H
for  HC,   CO,   and  NOx,  respectively.   The  HC  emission  levels  reflect
nonmethane HC  emissions,  and include crankcase and four other evaporative
HC  emission  components  (hot  soak,  diurnal,  running loss,  and  refueling
emissions).  Also,  all emission rates include tampering.
1.B.5  Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

Estimates of emissions  from the automotive  fleet  during  a vehicle's idle
operating mode  have become  more of  a concern  in transportation control
plans, environmental  impact statements,  and state  implementation plans.
Examples  of  extended idle  time are waits  at shopping centers, airports,
sport  complexes,  and  with  business   drive-in  window   services.    The
emission estimates  presented in this section reflect engines operating in
a hot stabilized condition.
                                  -25-

-------
 The  idle  emission  rates  are  expressed  in units  of  grams  per  hour,  as
 opposed to  the exhaust  and other  emission rates which  are  in  units  of
 grams  per  mile.   For NOx  emissions  and pre-1977  model  year HC  and  CO
 emissions,  the  LDGVs idle  emission levels  are  calculated from  the zero
 mile idle emission  levels  and idle emission deterioration  rates.  The  HC
 and  CO idle  emission rates  for  1977  and  later model  year  LDGVs  are
 calculated  from  the hot portions  (hot stabilized  and hot start)  of the
 FTP exhaust emissions.   The g/hr idle emission  levels  by model  year and
 pollutant  at  three  mileage points (zero,   50,000,  and 100,000 miles), are
 given in Table 1.1.3 of  Appendix H.
 1_._C_  TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS

 The   LDGV  travel   weighting  fractions  are  the  individual  model  year
 proportions of  the  total  LDGV  VMT.   To  generate  the  travel  weighting
 fractions,  three distributions are required:

    1.          annual  mileage accumulation rate distribution,

    2.          registration distribution,  and,

    3.          diesel  sales distribution.

 The  travel  weighting  fractions  in  this   document  reflect  a  January 1
 evaluation  date.  For the LDGVs,  the model  year  is assumed to begin  sales
 on  the October 1 preceding  the corresponding calendar year.  Further,  it
 is assumed  that the vehicles  are  sold  and accumulate mileage according  to
 a  uniform distribution.  These assumptions  permit  the estimation of the
 January I fleet mileage accumulation  rate  distribution and the  January 1
 registration  distribution  from  July  1  information.   An  example  of the
 travel weighting  fraction  calculation based  on  calendar year  of 1988  is
 given  in  Appendix  H  (Table 1.1.5,   using  the  information  provided  in
 Table 1.1.4A).
I.C.I  Annual Mileage Accumulation Rate Distribution

A  given vehicle  is  assumed to  travel  according  to  the  annual mileage
accumulation distribution given in the  third  column of Table 1.1.4A.  For
example, at  a  uniform rate, the vehicle  travels 13,118 miles in  its first
year, 12,408 miles in its second year, and 4,562 miles  in its 20th year.

The January  1 mileage  accumulation rate distribution  is  derived  from  the
annual  mileage  accumulation  rate distribution for  individual  vehicles.
This  derivation  averages   out  the  effects  of  purchase   date.    The
derivation is described in Appendix D, and the resulting distribution is
given in the fifth column of Table 1.1.4A.
                                  -26-

-------
 l.C.2   Registration Distribution

 The  second  column  of  Table 1.1.4A  also  presents  the  estimated  LDGV
 registration  distribution fractions.   These  fractions  are the individual
 model  year proportions of  the  entire LDV fleet  (both gasoline  and diesel
 powered vehicles combined).   The registration  distribution  is  based  on
 July  1  information  and is transformed  to January 1 figures  according  to
 the  procedure  described  in   Appendix  D.    The  January 1  LDGV   fleet
 registration   distribution   is  presented   in   the   fourth  column   of
 Table  1.1.4A.
 l.C.3  Diesel  Sales Distribution

 The  diesel sales  distribution is  used  in the travel weighting  fractions
 to account for the influx of diesels.  The diesel  sales  fractions  for  the
 light-duty  vehicles  (LDDVs)  are  given  in  Table 1.5.4B.   For  example,
 prior  to  1978,  diesels are  considered  to be  an  insignificant  proportion
 of   the   LDV  fleet   (less   than   0.5  percent).    The  distribution   is
 anticipated to stabilize in model year 1995,  with  about  95 percent of  the
 LDV  sales being gasoline-powered vehicles.
l.C.4  Trips per Day and Miles per Day Estimates

Two other parameters related to vehicle travels are  the  trips  per day and
miles  per day  estimates.   These estimates  are  used  to  calculate g/mi
evaporative HC  emissions  from g/trip hot  soak  and grams diurnal emission
rates.  Both of these  parameters are functions of vehicle age.  The miles
per day estimates  are  the January 1 mileage  accumulation rates (column D
of Table 1.1.5) divided by 365 days.

Trips per day  and  miles per day distributions by vehicle age are given in
Table 1.1.4C.
l.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

The  LDGV  basic exhaust  emission levels  are  based on  test results under
the standardized conditions defined in  Section  I.A.I.   However,  the basic
exhaust  emission  levels  are  affected  by  ambient  and  vehicle  usage
conditions  which  differ   from  the  prescribed  test   procedure.    The
conditions under which  emissions are known to vary are the average speed,
fuel volatility level,  ambient temperature,  fraction of  VMT in  cold and
hot start operating  modes,  use of air  conditioning,  carrying of an extra
load,  trailer  towing,  and  humidity.    Emission  correction  factors  are
available to compensate for variations in these conditions.
                                  -27-

-------
 I.D.I  Speed Correction Factor

 The test  procedure  used  for  collecting the basic  exhaust  emissions is a
 driving cycle  with  an  average  speed of  19.6  mph.   For  situations where
 the  average  speed  of  the  vehicle  deviates   from this  value,   a speed
 correction factor is applied.

 The speed  correction  factor  is  symbolized as  SCFipsxw,  where  the lower
 case letters  are  subscripts and,

     SCFipsxw    = The   speed   correction  factor   for   model   year   i,
                   pollutant p,  at  average speed s.   This  is  normalized
                   to  the  speed associated  with a cold  start  mode  VMT
                   fraction x  and a  hot  start mode VMT  fraction w.

 The user  is  cautioned  that  this  correction  factor  is  only  valid  for
 speeds  in  the  2.5 through  55 mph  range,   since  the regression  equations
 were based  on speed  data  in that  range.   Extrapolations to  speeds beyond
 this range  should not be made.

 The coefficients   for  the  speed correction  factors,  by model  year  and
 pollutant,  are given  in   Tables 1.1.6A  for  pre-1977  model  years,  and
 1.1.6B  for  1977 and  later  model years.
1.D.2  Fuel Volatility Correction Factor

The volatility, as measured by Reid Vapor  Pressure (RVP), of commercially
available  fuel  for in-use  vehicles had been  increasing since 1970,  from
the level  used  for certification (9.0 psi)  to  about  11.5 psi  in most of
the  country during the  summer season  in  the  mid to  late  1980s.  EPA's
Emission  Factor data  collected at three  fuel  volatility   levels  (9.0,
10.4,  and  11.5  psi RVP)  showed that high  volatility  fuels produce higher
evaporative and exhaust emissions.   For  evaporative  HC  emissions,   fuel
volatility  is  one of  the  parameters used in  the  model (as discussed in
Section 1.B.3).   For  exhaust emissions  at  fuel  volatility  levels  other
than 9.0  psi  RVP  and  when  the ambient temperature is  greater  than 40°F,
an RVP correction factor is used for 1971 and later model year vehicles.

There are three fuel volatility correction factor  models used for exhaust
emissions for  temperatures  above 40°F in MOBILE4:

1.  For model  years 1971-79,  simple linear  correction  factors  are  used
    and are applied to  exhaust HC  and CO  emissions only.   The equations
    are:

    RVPCFnc =  (0.56222  * 0.012512 * RVP)  /  0.67483

    RVPCFco =  (7.1656  +• 0.33413 * RVP)  /  10.17277
                                  -28-

-------
 where:

     RVPCFk       =   The  fuel  volatility correction factor for k psi fuel.

     RVP          =   The  fuel  volatility level in k psi RVP,

     and  the  denominators  are  the  value   of  the  respective  numerators
     evaluated  at  9.0 psi RVP.   These  correction  factors   apply to  the
     composite emission  levels.

 2.   For  1980 and later  model years and at temperatures greater  than  75°F,
     the  fuel  volatility  correction  factor  is   combined  with  the  high
     temperature correction factor, to  be  discussed in Section l.D.4.

 3.   For  1980 and  later  model years  at temperatures greater  than  40°F  but
     less  than or  equal  to  75°F, two steps of  correction   are  required.
     First,  a RVP  correction at  75°F  (RVPCF^.Ts)  is  determined  from  the
     combined fuel  volatility and high  temperature correction factor  model
     (from Section  l.D.4).  Then,  the following  equation  is used:

     RVPCFkt     =   1.0  +  {(RVFCFfc,75 -1.0)*[(T-40.0)/35.0]}

 where:

     RVPCFkt     =  The  fuel  volatility and  high  temperature  correction
                    factor,  for k psi  RVP  fuel at  temperature t  (between
                   40 and 75°F).

     RVPCFk,7s  =   The  fuel  volatility and  high  temperature  correction
                   factor, for k psi RVP fuel at  75°F.

    T           =  The  ambient temperature  in degrees  Fahrenheit,  which
                   is between 40° and  75°F.

 For  1980 and later  model year  vehicles, there  are  separate  correction
 factors  for  fuel  volatility  for each  test  segment  (bags  1, 2, 3).  The
 fuel volatility correction factors for  1980  and later model  year  vehicles
 are  also dependent on the fuel delivery system (carbureted,  throttle-body
 fuel injection (TBI), or multi-point fuel injection  (PFI)).


 1.D.3  Low Temperature Correction Factor

The  LDGV emission  test  procedure requires an ambient temperature between
 68*  and  86°F.  A  reference temperature of 75°F is used in  MOBILE4.   For
 temperatures  lower  than  75aF,  a low temperature  correction  factor  is
needed.  There   are  two  low  temperature  correction  factor  models  in
MOBILE4:
                                  -29-

-------
 1.  The multiplicative  model  is  applicable  to all  pollutants  and  test
     segments,   except  for  the  1980  and  later  model  years  bag  1  (cold
     start) CO emissions.  The equational form is as follows:

     TCFipbt     =  EXP [TCipb * (T - 75.0)]

 where the  lower case letters  are subscripts  and

     TCFipbt     =  The low temperature correction factor for model year i,
                    pollutant  p,  test  segment b, at ambient  temperature t
                    (< 75°F).

     EXP         =  The exponential function.

     TCipb        3  The  temperature  correction  factor   coefficient   for
                    model  year i,  pollutant p,  test  segment b.

     T           =  Ambient  temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

 2.   An  additive (or offset)  model  is  used  for  1980 and  later  model years
     bag 1  CO emissions:

     OFFCOit      =   TCi  *  (T - 75.0)

 where:

     OFFCOit      =   The  bag 1  CO offset  in  g/mi,  for  model  year  i,   at
                    temperature  t  (<  75°F).

     TCi          =   The  bag  1  CO temperature  correction factor coefficient
                    for model  year  i.

The  low temperature  correction  factor  coefficients  are  presented   in
Table 1.1.7A.
1.D.4  High Temperature Correction Factor

For temperatures higher than  75°F,  a correction factor  is  also needed to
adjust the emission  levels.   A multiplicative model is used for each test
segment and pollutant.  There are two high  temperature  correction factor
models used in MOBILE4:

1.  For  pre-1980 model  years,  the  high  temperature  correction  factor
    model is  a function of  temperature, similar  to the  low  temperature
    correction factors described in the previous section.

2.  For  1980   and  later  model  years,  a  combined  temperature and  fuel
    volatility correction  model is used:
                                                                                      I
                                  -30-

-------
     TRCFipbkt    =   EXP  [RCipfa  *  (RVP  - 9.Q)  + TCipb * (T - 75.0)
                                +  TRCipb *  (RVP - 9.0) * (T -  75.0)]

 where  the  lower  case  letters are  subscripts  and

     TRCFipbkt    =   The   combined   high  temperature  and  fuel  volatility
                    correction  factor,  for model year i,  pollutant p,  test
                    segment  b,  k psi RVP fuel,  at ambient temperature  t.

     EXP          =   The exponential function.

     RCipb        =   The fuel volatility correction factor  coefficient,  for
                    model year  i,  pollutant p,  test  segment b.

     RVP          =   The fuel volatility level  in k psi RVP.

     TCipb        =   The  high  temperature  correction  factor  coefficient,
                    for model year  i, pollutant p, test  segment b.

     T            =   Ambient  temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

     TRCipb       =   The  combined  high  temperature   and   fuel  volatility
                    correction  factor   coefficient,  for  model  year  i,
                    pollutant p, test segment b.

The  high  temperature  correction  factor  coefficients  are  presented  in
Appendix H, Table 1.1.7B.
1.D.5  Temperature/Operatinq-Mode Correction Factor

For  all  conditions  except where  the  CO offset  model  is  in  effect,  a
single  emission correction  factor  called OMTCF  adjusts  for  temperature
(and  fuel  volatility)  and   hot   stabilized/cold  start  operating-mode
conditions that, differ from  the basic  test  procedure.  Vehicles usually
emit more emissions  in a cold start  mode than in  a stabilized or  a hot.
start mode.  Also,  vehicles  emit more  emissions  after  an extended engine
off period than vehicles that have  not  set long enough to be  in the cold
start mode.   As a  result,  the  operating mode is  a necessary element of
this correction factor.

An  integral  part  of  the  operating  mode  portion  of  OMTCF  are  the
normalized bag  fractions.   The normalized bag  fractions  adjust  OMTCF for
emissions attributable to each operating  mode.  These  fractions  for LDGVs
are given in Table 1.1.7C.

The OMTCF correction factor is defined as follows:

    OMTCFiptwxn = [(TERMl +• TERM2 + TERM3) / DENOM]
                                  -31-

-------
where:

    TERM1 = W * TCFiplt * (Bipl + DRlipl * Min)
                                                         if M <^ 50,000 miles

          = W * TCFiplt * [Bipl + DRlipl * 5.0 + DR2ipl * (Min-5.0)]

                                                         if M > 50,000 miles

    TERM2 = (1.0-W-X)  * TCFip2t * (Bip2 +• DRlip2 * Min)
                                                         if M ^ 50,000 miles

          = (1.0-W-X)  * TCFip2t * [Bip2 + DRlip2 * 5.0 + DR2ip2 * (Min-5.0)]

                                                         if M > 50,000 miles

    TERM3 = X * TCFipSt * (Bip3 + DRlip3 * Min)
                                                         if M £ 50,000 miles

          = X * TCFipSt * [Bip3 + DRlip3 * 5.0 + DR2ip3 * (Min-5.0)]

                                                         if M > 50,000 miles

    DENOM = BipO +  DRlipO *  Min
                                                         if M ^ 50,000 miles

          = BipO +  DRlipO *  5.0 + DR2ipO * (Min-5.0)
                                                         if M > 50,000 miles

    also  where:

    OMTCFiptwxn =   The    temperature   operating-mode   emission   correction
                   factor,   for   model   year   i,  pollutant   p,   ambient
                   temperature  t, fraction  of VMT  in cold  start  operating
                   mode w,  and fraction of  VMT in hot start operating mode
                   x, on January  1 of  calendar year  n.

    Bipb         =   The  normalized bag  fraction  intercept coefficient,  for
                   model year  i, pollutant  p,  and  test  segment  b  (test
                   segment 0  is the entire basic  test  procedure).

    DRlipb      =   The  normalized bag fraction slope  coefficient,  for model
                   year i,  pollutant p, and  test segment b  (test  segment  0
                   is  the entire  basic test  procedure),  for  vehicles  with
                   less than  or equal  to 50,000 miles.
                                  -32-

-------
     DR2ipb       =   The  normalized bag fraction  slope  coefficient,  for model
                    year  i,  pollutant p,  and  test segment b (test  segment  0
                    is  the entire  basic  test  procedure),  for vehicles  with
                    greater than 50,000  miles.   Note that for pre-1981 model
                    year   HC   and  CO emissions,   and   all   model   year   NOx
                    emissions,  DR2ipb equals DRlipb.

     Min          =   The  fleet  cumulative  mileage  divided by  10,000  miles,
                    for model  year  i  on  January 1  of  calendar year n.

     W            a   The fraction of VMT  traveled  in the  cold  start mode.

     X            =   The fraction of VMT  traveled  in the  hot start mode.

     TCFipbt      =   The  emission  temperature  correction factor,  for model
                    year  i,   pollutant p,  test  segment b,   and  at  ambient
                    temperature  t.

For  1980  and later model years, when the temperature  is less than 75°F  and
when the  percent cold start  is  greater  than  zero, TCFiplt  is taken  out of
TERM1.  Then OMTCF  reflects  the  temperature  and operating mode correction
factors for  the stabilized  and  hot start  operating  modes,  but  only  the
operating mode  correction factor  for the cold start mode.  The emissions of
the  cold  start  mode are corrected for temperature  with  the  CO   offset
discussed in Section l.D.3.     This  offset is multiplied by the percent of
VMT  in the  cold start (W),  correct   for  fuel volatility if  temperature is
over 40°F,   and  added   to  the  basic  emission  rate,  as  presented  in
Section l.A.2.
1.D.6  Air Conditioning Correction Factor

The LDGV emissions  can be affected by the use of air conditioning.  The air
conditioning correction factor coefficients are based on data from vehicles
tested  at  several  different  temperatures  with  the  air  conditioner  on.
These correction factors are given in Table  1.1.8A.   The general correction
factor equation is as follows:

    ACCFipt     =  U * Vi [Aip + Bip * (T - 75.0)  - 1.0] •«• 1.0

    U           =  (DI - DILO) / (DIHI - DILO)

    01          =  (DB + WB) * 0.4 + 15.0

where the lower case letters are subscripts and

    ACCFipt     =  The air  conditioning  correction  factor for model year i,
                   pollutant p, at ambient temperature t.
                                  -33-

-------
     U           =  The  fraction of  air conditioner-equipped  vehicles that
                    have the air conditioner in use, 0.0<_U<_1.0.

     Vi          =  Fractions  of   the   vehicles   equipped   with   an  air
                    conditioner,   for  model  year   i.   These   fractions  are
                    given in Table 1.1.8B.

     AiP         =  The   air  conditioning  correction   factor   intercept
                    coefficient,  for model year i and pollutant p.

     BiP         =  The   air    conditioning    correction   factor    slope
                    coefficient,  for model year i and pollutant p.

     T           =  Ambient  temperature in degrees  Fahrenheit.

     DI           ~  A  discomfort  index.

     DILO         =  The highest  discomfort  index where no air  conditioners
                    are in use  (set  to  70°F  in MOBILE4).

     DIHI         =  The   lowest   discomfort   index   where   all   the   air
                    conditioners  are in use  (set  to  80°F in M08ILE4).

     DB           =  The dry  bulb  temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

     WB           =  The wet  bulb  temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.


1.D.7  Extra Load Correction Factor

The  basic  exhaust emission rates are  based on the "typical" vehicle weight
with  a  driver  and passenger, vehicle  fuel,  and  other liquids.   There are,
however, situations in which vehicles  are  carrying significant extra weight
due to additional passengers, luggage,  etc.   In  these  events,  emissions are
known to change.

To apply the vehicle  extra load correction factor  found  in Table 1.1.8C to
a specific situation,   it is necessary for a user to have  an  estimate of the
percentage  of   LDGV  VMT accumulated  with  an  additional 500  pounds.   The
correction  factor for  extra  load is  computed  according  to  the following
equation:

    XLCFip      =   (XLCip - 1.0) * U >  1.0

where the  lower case letters are subscripts and

    XLCFip      =  The  extra  load correction  factor,  for model  year i and
                   pollutant p.
                                  -34-

-------
     XLCip        =   The  extra load correction  factor  coefficient:,  for  model
                    year  i  and pollutant p.

     U            =   The  fraction of LDGV VMT  accumulated with an extra load,
                    0.0
-------

-------
                                 Chapter  2

                   LIGHT-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED TRUCKS I
 2.A  INTRODUCTION

 This    chapter   presents    the   emission    factors    for    light-duty
 gasoline-powered trucks  (LDGTls) with  a  gross  vehicle weight (GVW)  rating
 of 6/000  pounds  or less.  Although LDGTls have a  load carrying  capability
 that exceeds  that  of  passenger cars,  they are  often  used  for personal
 transportation and  light hauling.
2.A.I  Test Procedure

The test procedure used for determining  the  LDGT1 basic exhaust emissions
is  almost identical  to  the  LDGV  test  procedure.   The  only difference
between the two test procedures is  the  road-load horsepower setting.  The
summary of  the LDGV  test procedure  in Chapter 1  is  also applicable for
LDGTls.
2.A.2  General Emissions Calculation Equations

The equations  for LDGV  emission calculations  presented in Chapter 1 are
also  valid  for   the  LDGTls.  although  the  emissions,   travel  weighting
fractions, and emission correction factors for LDGTls are different.
2.B  EMISSIONS

This  section  discusses   the  LDGT1  emission  estimates:   basic  exhaust
emission  rates,  emission rates  including  tampering,  crankcase emissions,
other evaporative HC  emission components,  January 1 emission  levels,  and
idle emission  rates.   The  emission standards  are  given in Section A.1.2
of Appendix A.  The emissions reflect trucks which have received typical
in-use maintenance.   Further, the  trucks  are  not  involved in  an  I/M or
anti-tampering program.

The discussions  of  the  different  LDGV  emissions  in  Chapter  1  are  also
valid for the LDGTls,  with minor differences noted wherever applicable.
                                  -37-

-------
 2.B.I   Basic  Exhaust  Emission Rates

 The  basic nontampered  exhaust emission  rates for  LDGTls  are  calculated
 from two  variables:

    1.     zero mile emission  level,  and,

    2.     emission deterioration  rate  at  all  mileages.

 The LDGT1 basic  exhaust emission  rates  by model year group  and pollutant
 are given in  Table 1.2.1A.


 2.B.2   Exhaust Emission Rates  With Tampering

 Emission  offsets  in  g/mi  due  to  tampering are added to  the  basic  exhaust
 emission  rates so that the fleet  emission rates reflect national  average
 rates  of  tampering.    The  exhaust emission  rates including  tampering  are
 presented  in  Table 1.2.IB  for the different  LDGT1 model year  groups  and
 pollutants at different mileage intervals.


 2.B.3   Crankcase  and Evaporative HC  Emission  Levels

 The LDGT1 crankcase,  hot soak and diurnal emissions  at  both  9.0 and 11.5
 psi  fuels  from   nontampered   vehicles  tested under  FTP  conditions  are
 presented  in  Table 1.2.2A.   The  combined crankcase  and  g/mi evaporative
 HC emission  tampering offsets at  various  mileage intervals are presented
 in Table  1.2.2B.   The nontampered running loss  emissions  by  model  year
 group,   fuel  volatility level,  and  ambient  temperature  are summarized in
 Table 1.2.2C.   The  refueling  emissions  by  model  year  are  given  in
 Table 1.2.2D.


 2.B.4  January 1,  Emission Levels

The emission  levels  for  20 model  years  on January  1 of the  selected  24
 calendar  years are  given  in  Tables 1.2.11A  through 1.2.11C  for  HC, CO,
 and NOx,  respectively.  The  HC  emission levels  reflect  non-methane  HC
emissions, and include crankcase  and  four other evaporative HC emission
 components.  All  emission rates include tampering effects.


 2.B.5   Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

The  LDGT1  hot   stabilized  g/hr   idle   emission   rates   are   given  in
Table 1.2.3.

                                   -38-

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 2.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS

 The  LDGT1   travel   weighting  fractions  are  the   individual  model  year
 proportions of the  total LDGT1  VMT.    To  generate  the travel  weighting
 fractions,  three  distributions are required:

     1.       annual mileage  accumulation rate  distribution,

     2.       registration  distribution,  and,

     3.       diesel sales  distribution.

 The first  and second  distributions  are given  in  Table  1.2.4,  and  the
 third  distribution  is given  in Table  1.6.4B.   More detailed  information
 is  available in Chapter 1 on  these distributions.

 The  travel weighting  fractions,  as   in   LDGVs,   reflect   a  January 1
 evaluation  date.   For the  LDGTls,  the  model  year  is assumed  to  begin
 sales   on   the  October 1  preceding   the  corresponding   calendar   year.
 Further, it is assumed that  the  trucks are  sold  and accumulate mileage
 according   to  a  uniform  distribution.   These  assumptions   permit  the
 estimation  of  the January 1  fleet  mileage  accumulation rate  distribution
 and the January \ registration  distribution  from July 1 information.   An
 example  of  the travel  weighting  fraction  calculation based  on calendar
 year of 1988 is given in Table  1.2.5.

 The  trips  per  day  and miles  per day  estimates  for LDGTls  are given  in
 Table 1.2.4C.
2.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

The  LOGT1  basic exhaust  emission levels are  based  on test results under
the  standardized conditions  defined  in Chapter 1.   However,   the  basic
exhaust  emission   levels  are  affected  by   ambient  and  truck  usage
conditions  which   differ   from  the  prescribed  test   procedure.    The
conditions under which  emissions are known to vary are the average speed,
fuel volatility  level,  ambient temperature,  fraction  of  VMT in  cold and
hot  start operating modes,  use of air  conditioning,  carrying of an extra
load,  trailer  towing,  and  humidity  level.   Emission correction factors
are available to compensate for variations in these conditions.

The  LDGTls  correction   factors  are  based  on  the  LDGV  information.
Therefore,  the LDGT1 correction factors are those from the  LDGVs, and the
LDGV discussions in Chapter 1 are valid for the LDGTls.
                                  -39-

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 2.0.1  Speed Correction  Factor

 The  test  procedure used for  collecting the basic exhaust  emissions is  a
 driving  cycle  with  an  average  speed  of  19.6 mph.   For those  situations
 where  the  average speed of  the  truck  deviates  from  this  value,  a  speed
 correction  factor  is  applied.   The  LDGT1 speed  correction factors  are
 given  in Tables  1.2.6A  for pre-1979 model  years,  and 1.2.6B for  1979  and
 later.model years.
2.D.2  Fuel Volatility Correction Factor

For LDGT1 exhaust  emissions  at fuel volatility  levels  other than 9.0 psi
RVP  and at  ambient  temperatures  greater  than  40°F,  an  RVP  correction
factor is also used.   The  RVP correction factors  for  LDGTls are the  same
as those used for LDGVs (described in Chapter  1, Section  1.D.2).
2 ,D_. 3  _Lpw Temperature Correction Factor

For those situations  where  the ambient temperature  is  lower than 75°F, a
low  temperature  correction  factor  is  applied.    Table  1.2.7A  presents
these correction  factors  for the LDGTls.   The bag  1 CO  offset  model is
applied to 1984 and later model year LDGTls.
2.D.4  High Temperature Correction Factor

For those situations where  the ambient temperature  is  equal  to or higher
than 75°F,  a  high temperature correction factor is applied.  Table 1.2.7B
presents these correction factors for the LDGTls.
2.D.5  Temperature/Operatincr-Mode Emission Correction Factor

As in LDGVs,  a single emission correction factor called OMTCF adjusts for
temperature and operating-mode conditions that differ  from  the basic test
procedure.   As described  in Chapter 1,  OMTCF  depends on  normalized bag
fractions.  The LDGT1 normalized bag fractions are given in Table 1.2.7C.
2.D.6  Air Conditioning Correction Factor

The  LDGT1  emissions  can  be  significantly  affected  by the  use of  air
conditioning.  These  correction factors  are  given in  Table  1.2.8A.   The
fractions of LDGTls equipped with an air  conditioner,  by model year,  are
given in Table 1.2.8B.
                                   -40-

-------
 2.D.7   Extra  Load  Correction Factor

 The  basic  exhaust emission  rates  are  based on the  "typical"  truck  weight
 with  a  driver  and  passenger,   fuel,   and  other   liquids.    There  are,
 however, situations  in which trucks are carrying significant  extra  weight
 due  to  additional passengers,  luggage,  etc.   In  these events,  emissions
 are known  to  change.

 To apply the  truck extra  load  correction factor  found in Table  1.2.8C  to
 a  specific situation,  it  is  necessary  for  a  user to have an  estimate  of
 the percentage of  LDGT1 VMT  accumulated  with  an additional 500  pounds.


 2.D.8  Trailer Towing Correction Factor

 As with the extra load correction  factor,  the trailer towing correction
 factor will adjust LDGT1 emissions for  usage conditions which  differ  from
 the basic  test procedure.   The correction factor  coefficients  given  in
 Table 1.2.8D are valid for a  trailer weight of 1,000 pounds.
2.D.9  NOx Humidity Correction Factor

The  LDGT1  NOx humidity  correction  factor  equation  is the  same  as  the
equation used for LDGVs.
                                  -41-

-------

-------
                                 Chapter  3

                  LIGHT-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED  TRUCKS  II
 3.A  INTRODUCTION

 This  chapter  presents  the  emission  factors  for  light-duty  gasoline-
 fueled  trucks  (LDGT2s)  with a gross  vehicle weight  (GVW)  rating  between
 6,001 and  8,500  pounds.   This vehicle type  is  required  since  these trucks
 were  classified   as  heavy-duty  vehicles  through  the  1978  model  year.
 Beginning  with  the  1979  model  year,  these trucks  have  been  considered
 light-duty trucks.

 In general,  every LDGV section and subsection  discussion  in Chapter 1  is
 valid for this chapter.
3.A.I  Test Procedure

The test procedure used for determining  the  LDGT2  basic exhaust emissions
is  almost  identical  to  the  LDGV  test procedure.   The  only difference
between the two test procedures is the  road-load horsepower setting.  The
LDGV test procedure summarized in Chapter 1 is also valid for  the LDGT2s.
3.A.2  General Emissions Calculation Equations

The equations for  LDGV  emission calculations  presented in  Chapter 1 are
also  valid  for  the  LDGT2s,  although  the  emissions,  travel  weighting
fractions, and emission correction factors for LDGT2s are different.
3.B  EMISSIONS

This  section  presents  the  LDGT2  emission  estimates:   basic  exhaust
emission rates, emission  rates  including tampering,  crankcase emissions,
and other  evaporative HC emission components,  January 1 emission levels,
and idle emission  rates.   The pre-1979 model year  LDGT2s  were considered
heavy-duty vehicles;  their emission standards  are  given in Section A.1.3
of Appendix A.  The 1979  and  later LDGT2 emission  standards  are  given in
Section A.1.2  of  Appendix A.   The emissions   reflect  trucks which  have
received  typical   in-use  maintenance.   Further,  the  trucks   are   not
involved in an I/M or  anti-tampering program.
                                  -43-

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 3.B.I   Basic  Exhaust Emission Rates

 The  basic  nontampered  exhaust emission  rates  for  LDGT2s  are  calculated
 from  two  variables:

    1.      zero  mile emission levels,  and,

    2.      emission deterioration rates  for vehicles at all mileages.

 The LDGT2 basic exhaust emission  rates by model year  group and pollutant
 are given in  Table 1.3.1A.


 3.B.2   Exhaust  Emission  Rates  With Tampering

 Emission  offsets  in g/mi  due to tampering  are added  to basic  exhaust
 emission  rates  so that   the  fleet  emission rates reflect  national  average
 rates  of  tampering.   The  exhaust  emission  rates including tampering are
 presented in  Table 1.3.IB  for the  different  LDGT2 model  year groups  and
 pollutants  at different  mileage intervals.


 3.B.3   Crankcase and Evaporative HC Emission  Levels

 The LDGT2 crankcase,  hot soak and diurnal emissions  at both 9.0 and  11.5
 psi fuels from  nontampered vehicles tested under FTP conditions are given
 in Table  1.3.2A.   The combined  crankcase and g/mi  evaporative emission
 tampering   offsets   at   various   mileage   intervals   are    shown    in
 Table 1.3.2B.    The  nontampered  running   loss emissions   by  model   year
 group,  fuel  volatility,   and  ambient   temperature   are   summarized  in
 Table 1.3.2C.    The  refueling  emissions  by  model  year   are  given  in
 Table 1.3.2D.
3.B.4  January I Emission Levels

The emission levels  for  20 model  years  on  January  1  of the  selected 24
calendar years  are given  in  Tables 1.3.11A  through 1.3.11C  for  HC,  CO,
and NOx,  respectively.   The  HC  emission levels  reflect  non-methane HC
emissions,  and  include  crankcase  and  four  other  evaporative  HC emission
components.  All emission rates include tampering effects.
3.B.5  Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

The  LDGT2  hot   stabilized   g/hr  idle  emission   rates   are   given  in
Table 1.3.3.
                                  -44-

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 3.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING  FRACTIONS

 The  LDGT2  travel  weighting  fractions   are  the  individual  model  year
 proportions  of the total  LDGT2  VMT.   To  generate  the  travel  weighting
 fractions, three distributions are  required:

    1.      annual mileage accumulation rate distribution,

    2.      registration distribution, and,

    3.      diesels sales distribution.

 The  first and second  distributions are  given in  Table 1.3.4A,  and  the
 third distribution  is given  in  Table 1.6.4B.   More detailed  information
 is available in Chapter 1 on these  three distributions.

 The  travel  weighting  fractions,   as  in  LDGVs,   reflect   a January  1
 evaluation date.   For  the  LDGT2s,   the  model  year  is   assumed  to  begin
 sales  on  the  October 1   preceding  the  corresponding  calendar   year.
 Further, it  is assumed that  the trucks  are  sold  and  accumulate mileage
 according  to  a  uniform  distribution.   These  assumptions   permit  the
 estimation of  the  January  1  fleet mileage accumulation  rate  distribution
 and the  January 1 registration  distribution  from  July 1 information.  An
 example  of  the travel  weighting fraction  calculation  based  on calendar
 year of 1988 is given in Table 1.3.5.

 The  trips  per  day and miles per  day distributions by vehicle  age  are
 given in Table 1.3.4C.


 3.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

The LDGT2  basic exhaust emission levels  are based  on  test results  under
 the standardized  conditions  defined in  Chapter 1.   However,  the   basic
exhaust  emission   levels   are  affected  by   ambient   and  truck   usage
 conditions  which  differ  from   the  prescribed  test   procedure.    The
 conditions under which  emissions are known to vary are the average speed,
 fuel volatility level,  ambient  temperature,  fraction of  VMT  in  cold and
hot start operating modes,  use of air conditioning,  carrying of an  extra
 load,  trailer  towing,  and humidity level.   Emission correction  factors
are available to compensate for variations in these conditions.

The LDGT2 emission  correction  factors  are based on  the  LDGV information.
Therefore,  the LDGT2 correction factors are those from the  LDGVs,  and the
discussions in Chapter 1 are  valid for  the LDGT2s.
                                  -45-

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 3.D.I  Speed Correction  Factor

 The  test  procedure used for  collecting  the basic  exhaust  emissions  is  a
 driving  cycle  with  an average  speed  of 19.6 mph.  For  those   situations
 where  the  average speed of  the truck deviates  from  this  value,  a  speed
 correction  factor  is  applied.   The  LDGT2  average  cycle  speed  emission
 correction  factors  are given in  Tables  1.3.6A  for  pre-1979  model  years,
 and  1.3,68  for 1979  and  later model  years.
3.D.2  Fuel Volatility Correction Factor

For  LDGT2  exhaust emissions at  fuel  volatility levels other than  9.0  psi
RVP  and  ambient temperatures greater than  40°F,  an RVP correction  factor
is  also  used.  The  RVP correction  factors  for  LDGT2s  are the  same  as
those used for  LDGVs (described  in Chapter  1, Section  1.D.2).
3.D.3  Low Temperature Correction Factor

For those situations  where  the ambient temperature  is  lower than 758F, a
low  temperature  correction  factor  is  applied.    Table  1.3.7A  presents
these correction  factors  for the LDGT2s.   The bag  1 CO  offset  model  is
applied to 1984 and later model year LDGT2s.
3.D.4  High Temperature Correction Factor

For those situations where  the ambient temperature  is  equal  to or higher
than 75°F,  a  high temperature correction factor is  applied.  Table 1.3.7B
presents these correction factors for the LDGT2s.
3.D.5  Temperature/Operating-Mode Emission Correction Factor

As in LDGVs,  a single emission correction factor called OMTCF adjusts for
temperature and operating-mode conditions that differ  from  the basic test
procedure.  As  described in  Chapter  1, OMTCF  depends on  normalized bag
fractions.  The LDGT2 normalized bag fractions are given in Table 1.3.7C.
3.D.6  Air Conditioning Correction Factor

The  LDGT2  emissions  can  be significantly  affected  by the  use of  air
conditioning.  These  correction factors are  given in  Table  1.3.8A.   The
fractions of LDGT2s equipped with an air conditioner,  by model year,  are
given in Table 1.3.SB.
                                  -46-

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 3.D.7   Extra Load Correction Factor

 The basic exhaust emission  ratei  are based on  the  "typical" truck weight
 with a  driver  and  passenger,,  fuel,   and  other  liquids.   There  are,
 however,  situations  in which  trucks  are carrying significant extra weight
 due to  additional passengers,  luggage,  etc.   In these events,  emissions
 are known  to  change.

 To  apply  the truck extra  load correction factor  found  in  Table  1.3.8C  to
 a  specific situation,  it  is  necessary  for a user to  have  an estimate  of
 the percentage of  LDGT2 VMT  accumulated  with an additional  500  pounds.


 3.D.8  Trailer Towing Correction Factor

 As  with the  extra load correction  factor,  the  trailer  towing correction
 factor will  adjust LDGT2  emissions for  usage conditions which differ from
 the  basic  test procedure.   The correction  factor coefficients  given   in
 Table 1.3.8D are valid for a trailer weight  of  1000 pounds.


 3.D.9  NOs Humidity Correction Factor

The  LDGT2  NOx humidity correction  factor eguation  is the  same  equation
used for LOGVs.
                                 -47-

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                                 Chapter  4

                   HEAVY-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED VEHICLES
 4.A   INTRODUCTION

 This   chapter   presents    the   emission   factors  for   the   heavy-duty
 gasoline-powered  vehicles   (HDGVs).    A  HDGV   is   defined  to  be   any
 gasoline-fueled motor  vehicle designated primarily  for  the  transportation
 of  property and rated  at  more than  8,500  pounds  gross  vehicle  weight
 (GVW), or  designated primarily for transportation of  persons  and  having  a
 capacity of more than 12 persons.
4...A^L, Test Procedure

The HDGV  basic  exhaust emission rates are based on the engine dynamometer
transient test procedure stipulated in  the  Federal Register  (48 FR  52170,
November 16,  1983)  and the Code of Federal  Regulations (40 CFR, Part  86,
Subpart N,  July 1,  1989).   The basic  test  conditions  under   which   the
HDGVs are tested are as follows:

    1.  Ambient temperature range is between 68° and 86°F.

    2.  Absolute humidity  is  adjusted  to 75 grains of  water  per pound of
        dry air.

    3.  Average speed is 20.0 mph,  including 27% idle operation.

    4.  Average percent VMT  is 14.3%  in cold operation,  86.7%  in  hot
        operation.

    5.  Average trip length is 6.5  miles.

The test procedure  for HDGVs is summarized below:

    1.  Generate the maximum torque vs.  speed curve of the engine.

    2.  Precondition the engine with practice cycle runs.

    3.  With the engine off,  let it sit for  at least  12 hours between 68°
        and  86"F.    An  optional   procedure  is   the  forced   cool-down
        procedure,  whereby  cool water  is circulated through  the engine's
        water  coolant  system  (and/or   air is  directed onto  the  engine)
        until  the engine oil is between  68° and 75°F.

    4.  Conduct  the cold  test.  The estimated mileage is  6.5 miles with
        an average  speed of 20.0 mph.
                                  -49-

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     5.  The engine is turned off, and remained off  for 20 minutes.

     6.  Conduct the hot test, which is the same as  the cold test.

     7.  Calculate the  grams of pollutant  and  total brake horsepower-hour
         for each test cycle.

     8.  Correct NOx emissions to 75 grains of water per pound of dry air.

     9.  Calculate      the      basic      exhaust       emissions      in
         grams  per brake horsepower-hour  (g/bhp-hr).


 4.A.2   General Emissions Calculation Equations

 To  calculate   the  HDGV  emission  factors,   the   following   generalized
 equations  are  used (subscripts  dropped from equations for clarity):

     COMPHC =   SUM {TF * [REFUEL + RNGLOS + CCEVRT + SCF * (BEF - OFFMTH)]}

     COMPCO =   SUM (TF  *  SCF  * BEF)

     COMPNO =   SUM (TF  *  SCF  * BEF)

 where:

    BEF     =   OMTTAM * BER * TCF

 And also where:

    SCFps   =   The  speed correction factor  for HDGVs,  for pollutant p, at
               speed s.

    TCFpt   =  The    temperature   correction   factor    (not    operating
              mode-dependent), for pollutant p,  at temperature t.

 All other variables have the same definitions as for LDGVs.


 4.B EMISSIONS

This section   discusses  the  emission estimates   for  the  HDGVs:   basic
exhaust  emission  rates,  emission  rates  including  tampering,  crankcase
emissions  and  other   evaporative   HC  emission  components,   January 1
emission levels,  and  idle  emission  rates.  The  emission standards  are
given  in  Section A.1.3  of  Appendix A.   The  emissions  reflect  vehicles
which  have received  typical in-use  maintenance.   Further, the  vehicles
are not involved in an I/M or anti-tampering program.
                                  -50-

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 4.B.I   Basic  Exhaust  Emission Rates

 The  basic  nontampered exhaust  emission  rates  for  HDGVs  are  calculated
 from two variables:

    1.      zero mile  emission levels,  and,

    2.      emission deterioration  rates  for  vehicles  at  all  mileages.

 The HDGV basic  exhaust emission rates by  model year groups  and  pollutant
 are given in Table 1.4.1A.

 The  conversion  factors  which  are   used   to  convert  the  emissions  in
 g/bhp-hr to emissions in g/mi are updated from  the  previous versions  of
 mobile  source emission  factors.   These conversion  factors  are  dependent
 on  projected sales  in  the   different  weight  classes  of  the heavy-duty
 gasoline-powered vehicles  and their  respective fuel economies.  The  HDGV
 conversion  factors by model year are given in Table  1.4.10B.


 4.B.2  Exhaust Emission Rates With Tampering

 Tampering offsets  in g/mi  are added  to basic exhaust  emission rates  so
 that  the   fleet   emission  rates  reflect  national   average  rates   of
 tampering.   The  exhaust emission  rates  including tampering  are  presented
 in Table 1.4.IB for  the different HDGV  model  year groups  and pollutants
 at different mileage intervals.


 4.B.3  Crankcase and Evaporative HC Emission Levels

 The HDGV  crankcase,  hot  soak  and  diurnal  emissions  at  both  9.0  and
 11.5 psi RVP  fuels  from nontampered vehicles tested  under FTP conditions
 are given in  Table  1.4.2A.   The combined  crankcase and  g/mi evaporative
 emission  tampering  offsets   at  various mileage   intervals  are  shown  in
Table 1.4.2B.    The  nontampered  running loss  emissions  by  model  year
group,   fuel  volatility,  and  ambient  temperature  are  summarized  "in
Table 1.4.2C.    The  refueling  emissions  by  model  year  are  given   in
Table 1.4.2D.
4.B.4  January 1 Emission Levels

The emission levels  for  20  model years  on January 1  of the  selected 24
calendar years  are given in  Tables 1.4.11A through  1.4.11C for  HC,  CO,
and NOx,  respectively.   The  HC emission  levels  reflect non-methane  HC
emissions,  and  include  crankcase and  four other  evaporative  HC emission
components.  All emission rates include tampering.
                                  -51-

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 4.B.5  Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

 The HDGV hot stabilized g/hr idle emission rates are given in Table 1.4.3.


 4_.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS

 The  HDGV  travel   weighting  fractions  are  the  individual  model  year
 proportions of the total  HDGV  VMT.   To generate the HDGV travel weighting
 fractions,  two distributions are required:

     1.      annual  mileage  accumulation rate distribution, and,

     2.      registration distribution.

 These   two  distributions   are  given   in   Table 1.4.4.    More   detailed
 information is available in  Chapter  1  on these  distributions.

 The travel  weighting  fractions  in  this  document  reflect  a  January 1           '
 evaluation  date.   For  the HDGVs, the  model years  are  assumed  to  begin           i
 sales  on January  1.   Further,  it is  assumed  that  the  vehicles are  sold
 and accumulate mileage according  to  a  uniform  distribution.   The  travel
 weighting  fractions based  on  calendar year  1988  are  given in Table  1.4.5.

 Average  trips  per  day  and  miles  per  day  estimates are used  for  HDGVs.            j
 These average  values  are given  in  Table  1.4.2A.                                    ^^L


 4.D  EMISSION  CORRECTION FACTORS

 The  HDGV basic exhaust emission  levels  are  based  on  test results under
 the  standard  conditions defined  in Section 4.A.I.   However,   the basic
 exhaust  emission  levels  are  affected  by  ambient   and  vehicle  usage
 conditions  which   differ   from  the  prescribed  test  procedure.   The
 conditions  under  which  HDGV  emissions are known to  vary are the  average            t
 speed,   fuel   volatility  level,   and  ambient  temperature.    Emission            ;
 correction  factors are available to  compensate for variations  in these
 conditions.


 4.D.I  Speed Correction  Factor

The  test procedure used for collecting the basic exhaust  emissions is a
 transient engine cycle  with  an estimated speed  of  20.0  mph.   For  those
 situations  where   the  average  speed  of  the  vehicle  deviates   from  this
                                  -52-

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 value, a  speed  correction factor  is applied.  Two  speed  correction  factor
 models are used in MOBILE4:

     1.  SCFps  = EXP (Ap +. Bp * s  + Cp * s^)                for HC  and CO

     2.  SCFps  = Ap + Bp * s + Cp  * s2                           for NOx

 where:

     SCFps  =  The  speed  correction  factor,   for  pollutant  p at  average
               speed s.

     EXP    =  The exponential function.

     Ap     =  The  speed   correction  factor  intercept  coefficient,  for
               pollutant p.

     Bp     =  The speed  correction factor  first order   coefficient,  for
               pollutant p.

     Cp     =  The  speed  correction factor  second  order  coefficient,  for
               pollutant p.

 The  coefficients  for the speed correction  factor equations are given  in
 Table  1.4.6.   The speed  correction factors  are  valid only  for  speeds  in
 the  2.5 through 55 mph range.


 4.D.2  Fuel Volatility Correction Factor

 For  HDGV  exhaust emissions  at fuel volatility levels other  than  9.0 psi
 and  at ambient temperatures greater than  40°F, an  RVP correction factor
 is also used.   The RVP correction  factors for  HDGVs are the same as  those
 used for LDGVs (described in Chapter 1. Section 1.D.2).


 4.D.3  Low Temperature Correction Factor

 For  situations  where the  ambient   temperature  is  less than 758F,  an low
 temperature  correction   factor   is  applied.    This  low  temperature
 correction  factor  differs  slightly in  form  from  the   low temperature
 correction  factor   given  in  Chapter 1.    The  HDGV   low  temperature
 correction  factor is  for the  entire  transient test,  as  opposed  to the
 LDGV   low   temperature   correction  factors   for   the  individual  test
 segments.    The  HDGV  low  temperature  correction factor coefficients are
given in Table 1.4.7A.
                                  -S3-

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4.D.4  High Temperature Correction Factor

For those  situations  where the ambient  temperature  is  equal to or higher
than 75T,  a high  temperature correction  factor  is applied.   This high
temperature correction  factor  also  differs slightly in form from the high
temperature  correction factor  given  in Chapter 1.   For pre-1985  model
years,   the high  temperature  correction factor model  is  a  function  of
temperature, similar  to  the  low temperature correction  fact;, rs described
in  the  previous  section.    For  1985  and   later  model  years,  a combined
temperature and fuel  volatility  correction model is used.   The HDGV high
temperature  correction factor  is  also  applied to  the  entire transient
test,  as opposed to the  LDGV high temperature correction factors  for the
individual test segments.  Table 1.4.7B  presents these correction factors
for HDGVs.
                                  -54-

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                                 Chapter  5

                    LIGHT-DUTY DIESEL-POWERED VEHICLES
 5. A  INTRODUCTION
This  chapter presents the  emission factors for  light-duty  diesel-powered
vehicles  (LDDVs).   A LDDV is defined  to be any  diesel-powered  automobile
designated  primarily for transportation  of  persons and having  a  capacity
of 12 or  less persons.
5.A.I  Test Procedure

The  test  procedure  used for determining  the  LDDV basic exhaust  emissions
is identical to the LDGV test procedure,  outlined  in Chapter  1.
5.A.2  General Emissions Calculation Equations

The same  LDGV  emission calculation equations are used for LDDVs, with  the
exception  that  the  OMTCF  parameter  does  not  include  the  temperature
correction factors, to be discussed in Sections 5.D.2 and  5.D.3.
5.B EMISSIONS

This  section  discusses  the  LDDV  emission  estimates:   basic  exhaust
emission  rates,  January 1  emission levels, and  idle  emission rates.  The
emission  standards  are  given  in  Section A.1.1   of  Appendix A.    The
emissions   reflect   vehicles   which    have    received   typical    in-use
maintenance.   Further,   the  vehicles  are  not  involved  in  an  I/M  or
anti-tampering program.

LDDVs  are  considered  to  have  insignificant  crankcase  and  all  other
evaporative HC  emission components.   Therefore,  no  evaporative  emission
factor estimates are given.

Also, diesel vehicles are  not  subject  to  the  types  of tampering that EPA
gathers information  on  in its  tampering  surveys.    Therefore,  tampering
offsets are not added to any diesel-powered vehicle emission factors.

With the  exceptions  listed  above,  the discussions of the  different LDGV
emissions in Chapter 1 are also valid for the  LDDVs.
                                  -55-

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5.B.I  Basic Exhaust Emission Sates

The  basic  nontampered  exhaust  emission rates  for  LDDVs  are calculated
from two variables:

    1.  zero mile emission level, and,

    2.  emission deterioration rate at all mileages.

The LDDV basic  exhaust  emission rates by model  year group  and pollutant
are given in Table 1.5.1.


5.B.2  January 1 Emission Levels

The emission levels  for  20 model  years  on  January 1 of the  selected 24
calendar years  are given  in  Tables 1.5.11A  through 1.5.11C  for  HC,  CO,
and NOx,  respectively.   The  HC  emission  levels  reflect  non-methane HC
emissions.


5^8.3  Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

The LDDV hot stabilized g/hr idle emission rates are given in Table 1.5.3.


5.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS

The LDDV travel  weighting  fractions are individual model year proportions
of the total LDDV VMT.   To generate the  travel  weighting fractions, three
distributions are required:

    1.  annual mileage accumulation rate distribution,

    2.  registration distribution, and,

    3.  diesel sales distribution.

The  first  and  second  distributions  are given  in Table 1.5.4A,  and  the
third distribution  is  given in  Table 1.5.4B.  More  detailed  information
is available in Chapter 1 on these distributions.

The  travel  weighting  fraction  in  this  document  reflect  a  January 1
evaluation date.   For  LDDVs,  model year sales  are  assumed  to begin on
October 1 of  the preceding  calendar  year.    Further,  it is assumed   that
the  vehicles  are  sold  and  accumulate  mileage  according  to  a  uniform
distribution.  These  assumptions permit the estimation of  the January 1
fleet   mileage   accumulation   rate   distribution   and  the   January 1
                                   -56-

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 registration  distribution  from  July  1  information.   .-.n  example  of  the
 travel  weighting  fraction calculation based  on calendar  year  of  1988  is
 given in Table  1.5.5.

 Since  it  is  assumed  that there  are  no  evaporative emissions  from LDDVs,
 no  trips per  day  or miles per  day  estimates  are required  for  calculation
 of  LDDV emission  factors.
 5_.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

 The  LDDV  basic  exhaust emission  levels are  based on  test results  under
 the  standardized  conditions  defined  in  Chapter  1.   However,  the  basic
 exhaust  emission  levels  are  affected   by  ambient  and   vehicle  usage
 conditions   which   differ  from   the   prescribed  test  procedure.    The
 conditions under which LDDV emissions are  known to vary  are  the  average
 speed  and the  fraction  of  VMT  in cold  and hot  start  operating  modes.
 Emission correction factors are available  to  compensate  for variations  in
 these conditions.

 Emissions  from  LDDVs  may  be  somewhat dependent on temperature, bat  that
 dependence is thought  to  be relatively  insignificant.   Also,  EPA  has  no
 data to quantify  the  effect of temperature on LDDV emissions.   Therefore,
 no temperature correction factor is used for LDDVs.

 The  use of air  conditioning,  carrying of  an  extra load,  trailer  towing,
 humidity,   and  fuel volatility  levels  may  affect  LDDV emissions,  but  no
 information is available to estimate the effects.
5jj3.1  Speed Correction Factor

The  test  procedure used  for  collecting the basic  exhaust  emissions is a
driving cycle with  an average speed of  19.6 mph.  For  those  situations
where  the  average speed  of the  vehicle differs  from  this  value,  a speed
correction factor is applied.

The LDDV speed  correction factor equation  and  coefficients  are  given in
Table 1.5.6.  The  user is cautioned  that  the  correction  factor  as given
in Table 1.5.6 is only valid  for speeds in the  2.5  through 55 mph range.
Extrapolations to speeds beyond this range should not be made.
5.D.2  Sgeed/Operatinq-Mode Emission Correction Factor

A single  emission correction  factor  called OMTCF  adjusts for  speed and
operating-mode conditions  that differ from the basic  test procedure.  As
described in Chapter 1, OMTCF  depends on  normalized bag  fractions.   The
LDDV normalized bag fractions are given in Table 1.5.7.
                                  -57-


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                                 Chapter  6

                     LIGHT-DUTY DIESEL-POWERED TRUCKS
 6. A  INTRODUCTION

 This  chapter presents  the  emission factors for light-duty  diesel-powered
 trucks  (LDDTs).  A LDDT is  defined  to  be any diesel-powered motor  vehicle
 designed  primarily  for  transportation  of  property  and rated  at  8,500
 pounds  or less gross vehicle weight (GVW).


 6.A.I   Test  Procedure

 The test  procedure  used for determining  the  LDDT  basic exhaust emissions
 is  almost  identical  to  the  LDGV  test  procedure.   The  only difference
 between the  two  test procedures is  the  road-load horsepower setting.  The
 summary of  the  LDGV test  procedure in  Chapter 1  is  also applicable for
 LDDTs.
6.A.2  General Emissions Calculation Equations

The same LDGV emission calculation equations are  used  for LDDTs/ with the
exception  that  the  OMTCF  parameter  does  not  include  the temperature
correction factors, to be discussed in Sections 6.D.2 and 6.D.3.
6.B  EMISSIONS

This  section  discusses  the  LDDT  emission  estimates:   basic  exhaust
emission rates, January  1  emission levels,  and idle  emission rates.   The
emission  standards  are  given in  Section A.1.2  of Appendix  A.   Prior to
the  1978  model year,  the  number  of  LDDTs  are  considered insignificant.
As  a result,  no  emissions  are  measured prior  to January 1,  1978.   The
emissions  also   reflect  trucks  which  have  received   typical  in-use
maintenance.    Further,  the   trucks   are   not  involved  in  an  I/M  or
anti-tampering program.

LDDTs, like LDDVs, are considered to have insignificant  crankcase and all
other  evaporative  HC  emission   components.   Therefore,  no  evaporative
emission factor estimates are given.

Also, diesel trucks are  not subject  to  the types  of tampering  that EPA
gathers  information  on  in its  tampering  surveys.   Therefore,  tampering
offsets are not added to any diesel-powered  truck emission factors.
                                  -59-

-------
 With the  exceptions  listed  above,  the discussions  of  the different LDGV
 emissions in Chapter  1 are also valid for the LDDTs.
 6.B.I  Basic Exhaust Emission Rates

 The  basic  nontampered  exhaust  emission  rates  for  LDDTs  are  calculated
 from two  variables:

     1.  zero mile  emission level,  and,

     2.  emission deterioration rate at  all  mileages.

 The LDDT  basic exhaust  emission  rates  by model  year  group and  pollutant
 are given in Table 1.6.1.


 6.B.2  January  1 Emission  Levels

 The emission levels  for 20  model  years  on  January 1 of  the  selected  24
 calendar  years are  given  in  Tables  1.6.11A  through 1.6.11C  for HC,  CO,
 and NOx,  respectively.   The  HC  emission  levels  reflect  non-methane  HC
 emissions.
6.B.3  Hot Stabilized Idle Emission Rates

The LDDT hot stabilized g/hr idle emission rates are given  in Table  1.6.3.


6.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS

The  LDDT  travel  weighting  fractions  are  the  individual  model  year
proportion  of  the  total  LDDT  VMT.   To  generate  the  travel  weighting
fractions, three distributions are required:

    1.  annual mileage accumulation rate distribution,

    2.  registration distribution, and,

    3.  fleet diesel sales distribution.

The  first  and  second distributions  are given  in Table 1.6.4A,  and the
third distribution  is  given in  Table 1.6.4B.   More  detailed  information
is available in Chapter 1 on these distributions.
                                  -60-

-------
 The  travel  weighting  fractions  in   this  document  reflect  a  January 1
 evaluation  date.   For LDDTs,  model  year  sales  are assumed  to begin  on
 October  1  of the  preceding calendar  year.   Further,  it  is assumed  that
 the  trucks  are   sold and accumulate  mileage  according  to  a  uniform
 distribution.   These  assumptions  permit  the estimation  of the  January 1
 fleet   mileage   accumulation   rate    distribution  and   the   January 1
 registration  distribution  from July  1  information.   An  example  of  the
 travel  weighting  fraction  calculation based on  calendar  year of  1988  is
 given in Table  1.6.5.

 Since it  is  assumed that there  are no evaporative  emissions  from  LDDTs,
 no trips  per day or miles  per  day estimates are required  for calculation
 of LDDT emission factors.
6.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

The  LDDT  basic exhaust  emission levels  are based  on  test results under
the  standardized  conditions  defined  in Chapter 1.   However,  the  basic
exhaust   emission   levels   are  affected  by   ambient   and  truck  usage
conditions  which   differ   from  the  prescribed   test   procedure.    The
conditions  under  which LDDT  emissions are  known to vary are the average
speed  and the fraction  of VMT  in  cold  and hot  start  operating modes.
Emission  correction  factors  are available to compensate  for variations in
these conditions.

Emissions from LDDTs  may be somewhat  dependent on  temperature,  but that
dependence  is  thought to  be  relatively insignificant.   Also,  EPA has no
data to quantify the effect of  temperature on  LDDT  emissions.  Therefore,
no temperature correction factor is used for LDDTs.

The  use  of  air conditioning,  carrying of an extra load, trailer towing,
humidity,  and  fuel  volatility  levels  may affect  LDDT emissions, but no
information is available to estimate the effects.
6.D.I  Speed Correction Factor

The test procedure  used  for collecting the basic  exhaust emissions  is  a
driving cycle  with an average  speed of 19.6 mph.   For  those  situations
where the  average speed  of the truck  differs  from  this value, a  speed
correction factor is applied.

The LDDT  speed correction  factor  equation and coefficients  are given in
Table 1.6.6.  The user is cautioned that this  correction factor is  only
valid for  speeds  in the  2.5  through  55 mph  range.  Extrapolations  to
speeds beyond this range  should not be made.
                                  -61-

-------
6.D.2  Temperature/Operating-Mode Emission^ Correction Factor

A  single  emission correction  fact.. .-  called  OMTCF  adjusts  for  speed and
operating-mode conditions  that  differ  from the basic test  procedure.  As
described in  Chapter 1,  OMTCF  depends  on normalized bag fractions.  The
LDDT normalized bag fractions are given in Table 1.6.7,
                                  -62-

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                                  Chapter  7

                     HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL-POWERED VEHICLES
 7.A  INTRODUCTION
 This chapter  presents  the emission factors  for  heavy-duty diesel-powered
 vehicles  (HDDVs).   An  HDDV  is defined  to  be  any  diesel-powered  motor
 vehicle designated primarily for the  transportation  of property and  rated
 at more  than 8,500 pounds of  gross  vehicle weight (GVW).  Supplementary
 emission factors for diesel transit buses are found in Appendix N.


 7.A.I  Test Procedure

 The test procedure used  for determining the  HDDV  basic  exhaust emissions
 is almost  identical to   the  HDGV  test  procedure.   The  only  difference
 between  the  two  test  procedures  is  the  test  cycle.   The  specific
 differences are  as  follows:

     1.   The average speed is 20.0 mph, with 36% idle operation.

     2.   The average trip  length is  6.4 miles.

     3.   NOx emissions are not  corrected for humidity.


 7.A.2   General Emissions  Calculation Equations

 The HDDV emission equations are:

    COMPHC   =  SUM  [TF *  SCF *  (BER  -  OFFMTH)]

    COMPCO   =  SUM  (TF *  SCF *  BER)

    COMPNO   =  SUM  (TF *  SCF *  BER)

where:

    SCFps   =  The  speed  correction  factor  for HDDVs, for pollutant p, at
               speed s.

All other variables have the same definitions as for LDGVs.

-------
 LL_B  EMISSIONS

 This  section discusses  the emission  estimates for HDDVs:   basic exhaust
 emission  rates,  January 1 emission  levels,  and idle emission  rates.   The
 emission   standards   are  given   in  Section A.1.4   of  Appendix A.    The
 emissions   reflect   vehicles   which   have   received   typical   in-use
 maintenance.   Further,   the   vehicles  are   not   involved   in  an  I/M  or
 anti-tampering program.

 HDDVs  are  considered  to  have  insignificant crankcase  and   all  other
 evaporative  HC emission  components.  Therefore,  no evaporative  emission
 factor estimates are given.

 Also,  heavy-duty  diesel  vehicles  are  not  subject   to   the  types   of
 tampering  that  EPA  gathers   information on  in  its  tampering  surveys.
 Therefore, tampering  offsets  are not  added  to any diesel-powered  vehicle
 emission factors.

 With  the  exceptions  listed  above,  the  discussions  of  the  different LDGV
 emissions in Chapter 1 are also valid  for the HDDVs.
7.B.I  Basic Exhaust Emission Rates

The  basic nontampered  exhaust  emission rates  for HDDVs  are calculated
from two variables:

    1.  zero mile emission level, and,

    2.  emission deterioration rate at all mileages.

The HDDV  basic  exhaust  emission rates by model  year group  and pollutant
are given in Table 1.7.1.

The  conversion  factors  which  are  used  to  convert   the  emissions  in
g/bbp-hr to emissions in g/mi are updated  from  the previous  versions of
mobile source  emission   factors.   These  conversion  factors  are dependent
on  projected  sales  in   the  different weight classes  of the  heavy-duty
diesel vehicles and  their respective fuel economies.  The HDDV conversion
factors are given in Table 1.7.10B.


7.B.2  January 1 Emission Levels

The  emission   levels for  20 model  years  on January 1  of  the  selected
24 calendar years are given in Tables 1.7.11A through 1.7.11C  for  HC,  CO,
and  NOx,  respectively.    The HC  emission  levels  reflect non-methane HC
emissions.
                                  -64-

-------
 7.B.3  Hot  Stabilized Idle  Emission Rates

 The HDDV hot  stabilized g/hr  idle emission rates are given in Table 1.7.3.
 7.C
TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTIONS
The  HDDV  travel  weighting   fractions   are  the  individual  model  year
proportions  of  the total HDDV  VMT.   To  generate the HDDV travel weighting
fractions, two distributions  are  required:

    1.  annual mileage  accumulation  rate distribution,  and,

    2.  registration distribution.
These  two   distributions  are  given   in  Table 1.7.4.   More
information  is available  in Chapter  1 on these  distributions.
                                                            detailed
The  travel  weighting  fractions  in  this  document  reflect  a  January 1
evaluation date.  For the HDDVs, model year sales  are assumed to  begin on
January 1  of  that  year.   Further,  it  is  assumed that  the vehicles  are
sold  and  accumulate  mileage according to a uniform  distribution.   The
travel weighting fractions  are given in Table 1.7.5.

Since  it  is assumed  that  there are no evaporative emissions from  HDDVs,
no  trips  per   day  or  miles  per  day  estimates  are  required  for  the
calculation of HDDV emission factors.
7.D.   EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

The HDDV basic  exhaust emission  levels are  based on  test results
the:  standard  conditions   defined  in  Section 4.A.I  of  Chapter
Section*^.A.1*,  However,  the basic  exhaust emission  levels  are
by *anb«»t\ and vehicle usage conditions which differ from the preset
test>'procedure*   The condition  under which,  HDDV emissions  are  fci
   •-- f *f'l**ki   '                                                          '^tJ&.ff'~W*-
vary is""the average speed.  Emission  correction  factors  are available Jto
compensate for variations in these conditions.

Emissions from HDDVs  emissions  may be somewhat dependent on temperature,
but that dependence is thought to be relatively insignificant.  Also, EPA
has no  data to  quantify  the  effect  of  temperature  on  HDDV  emissions.
Therefore* no temperature correction factor is  used for HDDVs.
The use^of ..air  conditioning,  carrying of an  extra load> trailer t<
and humidity' levels  may'affect  HDDV  emissions,  but  no  information
available,'to- estimate the effects.: -  ;:   - 
-------
7.D.I  Speed Correction Factor


^iauaitsiii.  euyiiie uyuie  witn  an estimated  Speea  ot  about  20 mph.   For
those  situations where the  average  speed  of  the vehicle  deviates  from
this value, a speed correction factor  is applied.

The  coefficients for  the  speed correction  factor equations are given  in
Table 1.7.6.  The speed  correction factors  are  only valid  for speeds  in
the 2.5 through 55 mph range.
                                  -66-

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                                 Chapter 8

                                MOTORCYCLES
 8.A   INTRODUCTION
 A motorcycle  (MC) is defined  as  any motor  vehicle designed to  travel  with
 no  more than  three  wheels in  contact with  the ground,  and  with a  curb
 weight  less than 1,500 pounds.

 The  MC  fleet  is  composed of  six engine  size-type  combinations: small,
 medium,  and  large  engine sizes,  with two-stroke  and four-stroke engine
 types for  each of the  engine sizes.   Since  1978,  the  motorcycle market
 has  been  dominated by  four-stroke engines.   The market  trend in recent
 years  has  been toward   increasing  shares  of   the   larger  engine   size
 motorcycles.


 8.A.I  Test Procedure

With the exception of pre-1978 model years, the  MC  basic exhaust emission
 test procedure is  similar to  the LDGV  test procedure.   Therefore,  the
summary of  the LDGV test procedure in  Chapter 1 is  also applicable to
MCs.   Given  below  is  a  list  of pre-1978  model  year  motorcycle   test
procedure summary statistics that differ from  the LDGV test procedure:

    1.   Average speed is  17.8  mph.

    2.   Average percent  VMT in cold start operation is 18.3%.

    3.   Average percent  VMT in hot start operation is 24.2%.

    4.   Average percent VMT in the stabilized  operation is 57.5%.

    5   Average trip  length is 6.8 miles.

    6.   Test segments  1   (cold  start)   and 3  (hot  start)  each  have  an
        average trip  length of 2.89 miles and  average speed of  20.6 mph.

    7.   Test  segment  2   (stabilized)  has an  average   trip   length   of
        3.91 miles and average speed of 16.2 mph.
                                  -67-

-------
 8. A. 2  General  Emission  Calculation Equations

 The  MC  generalized equations are  almost identical to the  LDGV  equations.
 The  differences are:

     1.  three  emission  correction  factors (air conditioning, extra load,
        and trailer towing)  are  not applicable  to  motorcycles,  and

     2.  the effects of tampering are not included  for  motorcycles.
8.B  EMISSIONS

This section  discusses  the MC emission estimates:  basic  exhaust  emission
rates,  crankcase emissions,  other  evaporative  HC  emission  components,
January 1  emission   levels,   and  idle  emission  rates.    The   emission
standards  are  given  in  Section A.1.5  of  Appendix A.   The emissions
reflect  motorcycles  which  have  received  typical  in-use  maintenance.
Further,  the  motorcycles  are  not involved  in  an  I/M  or anti-tampering
program.

Due  to lack  of data,  it  is assumed  that there  are no  running  loss or
refueling emissions from motorcycles.

Also,  MCs  are  not  subject to the  types  of  tampering  that  EPA  gathers
information on  in  its tampering  surveys,  therefore tampering offsets are
not added to MC emission factors.

With  the  exceptions  noted  above,   the  discussions  of  the  different
emissions in Chapter 1 are also valid for MCs.
3.B.I  Basic Exhaust Emission Rates

The basic nontampered  exhaust  emission rates for MCs  are calculated from
two variables:

    1.  zero mile emission levels, and,

    2.  emission deterioration rates for vehicles at all mileages.

The MC basic  exhaust  emission  rates by model year group and pollutant are
given in Table 1.8.1.


8_._B.2  Crankcase and Evaporative HC Emission Levels

The  MC  crankcase,  hot  soak,  and  diurnal  emissions  at  both  9.0  and
11.5 psi  RVP   fuels,   from   nontampered   vehicles   tested   under   FTP
conditions,  are summarized in Table 1.8.2.
                                  -68-

-------
 3.B.3   January  1  Emission Levels

 The  emission levels for  20  model years  on January 1  of  the  selected 24
 calendar  years  are  given in  Tables  1.8.11A through  1.8.11C for  HC,  CO,
 and  NOx,  respectively.   The  HC emission  levels  reflect  non-methane  HC
 emissions,  and  include crankcase  and two  other evaporative  HC  emission
 components  (hot soak and  diurnal emissions).
 8.B.4  Hot  Stabilized  Idle  Emission  Rates

 The MC hot  stabilized  g/hr  idle  emission rates  are  given in Table 1.8.3.


 8.C  TRAVEL WEIGHTING  FRACTIONS

 The  MC   travel  weighting  fractions  are   the  individual  model   year
 proportions  of  the  total  MC  VMT.  To  generate the  MC travel  weighting
 fractions,  two  distributions are  required:

    1.  annual  mileage accumulation  rate distribution,  and,

    2.  registration distribution.

 These  two   distributions   are  given  in   Table  1.8.4.    More   detailed
 information is  available in Chapter  1 on these  distributions.

 The  travel  weighting  fractions  in this  document  reflect  a  January  1
 evaluation  date.  For  MCs, model  year  sales  are assumed  to  begin on
 January 1 of  that  year.   Further, it is assumed that the motorcycles  are
 sold and  accumulate  mileage according  to  a  uniform  distribution.  These
 assumptions   permit   the  estimation  of   the   January 1  fleet  mileage
 accumulation    rate    distribution  and    the   January 1   registration
 distribution  from  July 1  information.   The travel weighting fractions  are
 given in Table  1.8.5.

 Average trips per day and  miles per  day  estimates  are  used  for  MCs.
 These values are given in Table 1.8.2.


 8.D  EMISSION CORRECTION FACTORS

 The MC basic  exhaust  emission  levels are typically based on test results
 under the  standard conditions defined  in Chapter  1.   However,  the basic
 exhaust emission levels  are  affected  by  ambient  and  usage  conditions
which differ  from the prescribed test  procedure.   The  conditions  under
which  emissions  are  known  to  vary  are  the  average  speed,  ambient
 temperature,  fraction  of VMT in  cold and hot  start operating conditions,
 and  humidity  level.   Emission   correction  factors   are   available   to
 compensate for variations in these conditions.
                                  -69-

-------
The  MC  emission  correction  factors  are  based  on  the  LDGV  information.
The discussions in Chapter 1 are valid  for  MCs.
8.D.I  Speed Correction Factor

The  test  procedure used  for collecting  the  basic  exhaust  emissions  is
typically a  driving  cycle with an  average  speed of 17.8 mph.   For  those
situations where  the  average speed of  the  MC differs from  this value, a
speed  correction  factor   is applied.   The  MC  speed  correction  factor
equation and coefficients are given in Table  1.8.6.
8.D.2  Low and High Temperature Correction Factors

The  established  motorcycle emissions  test procedure  requires an ambient
test  temperature  between  68°  and 86°F.   For those  situations  where  the
ambient  temperature  is  not  75°F,   an  emission  temperature correction
factor is applied.   Table 1.8.7A presents the  low  temperature correction
factors and Table  1.8.7B  presents the high temperature correction factors
for MCs.
8.D.3  Temperature/Operating-Mode Emission Correction Factor

As in LDGVs,  a  single emission correction factor called OMTCF adjusts for
temperature,  and  operating-mode  conditions  that  differ  from  the  basic
test procedure.   As described  in Chapter 1,  OMTCF  depends on  normalized
bag fractions.  The MC normalized bag fractions are given in Table 1.8.7C.
8.D.4  NOx Humidity Correction Factor

The LDGV NOx humidity correction factor equation is also used for MCs.
                                  -70-

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                                   Appendix  A


                        NEW VEHICLE  EMISSION  STANDARDS
This  appendix  presents  the  emission  standards  assumed in  this  document.  At
the  time  of  the MOBILE4  release,  these  standards  represent  promulgated current
and  future  standards.   However,  it  is possible  that  some  of  the  assumed
standards are now different due  to changes  in  regulations, waivers, etc.

In  addition,  EPA  has  promulgated   emission  standards  for  methanol-fueled
vehicles  and engines  (see 54 FR  14426,  April  11,  1989).  These  standards are
not  presented  here,  as  they represent  vehicles and  engines  that are not yet
used in significant numbers and are not  modeled  in MOBILE4.
A.I  LOW- AND HIGH-ALTITUDE NON-CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY VEHICLE EMISSION STANDARDS

This  section   presents   the  emission  standards   for   the  eight  low-  and
high-altitude non-California vehicle  types.   The standards are  presented in
five  subsections.   The   light-duty vehicle  and light-duty truck  fleets  are
comprised  of both  diesel  and gasoline-fueled  vehicle  types.    The  pre-1979
model  year  gasoline-fueled  light-duty trucks   (LDGT2s,  6001-8500  Ibs  gross
vehicle  weight)  are  heavy-duty  vehicles,  while  1979  and  later model  year
LDGT2s are  light-duty trucks.   Finally,  high-altitude  standards  are included
in this  section  since  there are relatively few  emission standards specific to
high-altitude vehicles.

All  hydrocarbon  emission  standards presented in this  section are  for  total
hydrocarbon emissions.

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                                           A-2
A. 1.1   Light-Duty Vehicles (LDVs)
The following standards apply only to gasoline-fueled LDVs through 1974,
for 1975 and later apply to both gasoline-fueled and diesel LDVs.1
Year
Prior to
controls
1968-69

1970
1971
1972
1973-74
1975-76
19775
1978-79
1980
1981
198210
1983'°
1984-86 lz
1987 &
later12
Test
Procedure2
7 -mode
7 -mode
CVS-75
7 -mode
50-100 CID
101-140 CID
>140 CID
7 -mode
7 -mode
CVS -7 2
CVS-72
CVS-75
CVS-7S
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
Hydro-
carbons
850 ppm
11 gpm
8 . 8 gpm

410 ppm
350 ppm
275 ppm
2 . 2 gpm
2 . 2 gpm
3.4 gpm
3 . 4 gpm
1 . 5 gpm
1. 5 gpm
1 . 5 gpm
0.41 gpm
0.41 gpm
0.41 gpm
(0.57)
0.41 gpm
(0.57)
0.41 gpm
0.41 gpm
(0.41)
Carbon
Monoxide
3.4 %
80 gpm
87.0 gpm

2.3 %
2.0 %
1.5 %
23 gpm
23 gpm
39 gpm
39 gpm
15 gpm
15 gpm
15 gpm
7.0 gpm
3.4 gpm7
3.4 gpm7
(7.8)11
3 . 4 gpm
(7.8)
3 . 4 gpm
3 .4 gpm
(3.4)
Oxides of Partic-
Nitroqen ulates 3
1000 ppm
4 gpm
3 . 6 gpm

-
-
-
-
3 . 0 gpm
3 . 1 gpm
2 . 0 gpm
2 . 0 gpm
2 . 0 gpm
1.0 gpm8'9
1.0 gpm8 ' 9 0.60 gpm
(l.O)8'9 (-)
1.0 gpm8 0.60 gpm
(l.O)8 (0.60)
1.0 gpm" 0.60 gpm
1.0 gpm 0.20 gpm13
(1.0) (0.20)13
. Standards
Evaporative
Hydrocarbons4

-
-
6.0 g/tests
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test (
2.0 g/teat
2.0 g/test
6.0 g/test
6.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
(2.0)

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                                       A-3
 LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES  -  Notes

  1   Standards  do not  apply to  LDVs with  engines  less  than  50 CID  from 1968
     through 1974.

  2   Different  test procedures  have been used since  the early years  of  emission
     control which vary in stringency.   The appearance that the  standards were
     relaxed from 1971 to  1972 is  incorrect;  the  1972  standards are  actually
     more  stringent because of  the  1972  test procedure.

  3   Applies only to  diesel LDVs.

  4   Evaporative  emissions determined by carbon  trap method through 1977,  SHED
     procedure  beginning in  1978.   Applies  only to gasoline-fueled  LDVs.   No
     crankcase  emissions permitted  from  LDGVs beginning with 1968  model  year.

  5   Evaporative  standard does  not  apply to  off-road utility LDVs  for 1971.

  6   LDVs  sold  in specified  high-altitude  counties are  required to meet  these
     standards  at high  altitude.

  7   Carbon  monoxide  standard is waived  to 7.0 gpm for  1981-82 for certain  LDVs.

  8   Oxides  of  nitrogen standard is  waived  (to  levels of 1.2  to 1.5  gpm)  for
     certain innovative technology  or diesel  LDVs (applies to 1981-84 only).

  9   Oxides  of  nitrogen  standard  for  1981-82 is  2.0  gpm  for  American Motors
     Corporation LDVs.

 10   Standards  in parentheses  apply to  LDVs sold  in  specified high-altitude
     counties.

 11   LDVs  eligible for  a carbon monoxide waiver  to  7.0 gpm at low altitude are
     eligible for a waiver to 11 gpm at high  altitude.

 12  The same numerical standards  apply to  LDVs sold in high-altitude areas.
    Exemptions  from  compliance  at  high-altitude  are provided  for  qualifying
     low-performance vehicles.

 13  Emissions  averaging may  be used  to  meet  this  standard,   provided  that
    emissions  from   LDVs  produced  for  sale  in California  or  in  designated
    high-altitude areas may be averaged only within each of those  areas.   May
    also  be averaged  with  LDDTls  to  meet  "composite particulate  emission
    standard" as defined in Section 86.087-2, Code of Federal Regulations.
CID     - cubic inch displacement
CVS-72  - constant volume sample cold start test
CVS-75  - constant volume sample test including cold and hot starts
gpm     - grams per mile
 pm     - parts per million
 -mode  - 137 second driving cycle test
 HED    - sealed housing for evaporative determination

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                                           A-4
 A.1.2  Light-Duty Trucks (LDTs)
 The following standards apply only to gasoline-fueled LDTs  through  1975.   Standards for
 1976 and later apply to both gasoline-fueled and diesel LDTs.1
Year
Prior to
controls
1968-69

1970
1971
1972
1973-74
1975-776
1978
1979-807
1981
1982-838
1984-86
198710
1988-9010
1991 &
later10
Test
Procedure2
7 -mode
7 -mode
CVS-75
7 -mode
50-100 CID
101-140 CID
>140 CID
7 -mode
7 -mode
CVS-72
CVS-72
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75
CVS-75 (A)
(B)
CVS-75 (A)
"(B)
CVS-75 (A)
(B)
Hydro -
carbons
850 ppm
11 gpm
6 . 5 gpm

410 ppm
350 ppm
275 ppm
2 . 2 gpm
2 . 2 gpm
3 . 4 gpm
3 . 4 gpm
2.0 gpm
2 . 0 gpm
1.7 gpm
1 . 7 gpm
1.7 gpm
(2.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
0.80 gpm
(1.0)
Carbon
Monoxide
3.4 °i>
80 gpm
76.0 gpm

2.3 <*>
2.0 1
1.5 \
23 gpm
23 gpm
39 gpm
39 gpm
20 gpm
20 gpm
18 gpm
18 gpm
18 gpm
(26)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
10 gpm
(14)
Oxides of Partic-
Nitrogen ulates 3
1000 ppm
4 gpm
3 . 6 gpm

-
-
-
-
3.0 gpm
3 . 1 gpm
3 . 1 gpm
2 . 3 gpm
2 . 3 gpm
2.3 gpm 0.60 gpm
(2.3) (-)
2.3 gpm 0.60 gpm
(2.3) (-)
2.3 gpm 0.26 gpm9
(2.3) (-)
2 . 3 gpm 0 . 50 gpm
(2.3) (-)
1.2 gpm9 0.26 gpm9
(1.2) (0.26)
*1.7 gpm9 0.45 gpm
1.2 gpm9 0.26 gpm9
(1.2) (0.26)
1.7 gpm9 0.13 gpm'
(1.7) (0.13)
Evaporative
Hydrocarbons4

-
-
6.0 g/tests
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test ^1
^^H
6.0 g/test
6.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
2.0 g/test
(2.6.)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test
(2.6)
2.0 g/test ^1
(2.6) ^

*  LDTs over 6,000  Ibs GVW remain at 2.3 gpm NOx standard for 1988-89.

-------
                                      A-5
 LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS  -  Notes

  1   Standards  do  not  apply to  LDTs  with engines  less than  50 CID  from  1968
     through  1974.

  2   Different  test procedures have  been  used  since  the early years  of  emission
     control  which  vary in  stringency.   The  appearance that the  standards  were
     relaxed  from 1971 to  1972  is  incorrect;  the  1972  standards are  actually
     more stringent because  of the 1972 test procedure.

  3   Applies  only to  diesel  LDTs.

  4   Evaporative  emissions  determined by  carbon  trap method through  1977,  SHED
     procedure  beginning  in  1978.   Applies only  to gasoline-fueled  LDTs.    No
     crankcase  emissions permitted from LDGTs  beginning  with  1968  model  year.

  5   Evaporative  standard does not apply  to off-road utility  LDTs  for  1971.

  6   LDTs sold  in  specified high-altitude counties required to meet  standards
     at high  altitude  (1977  only).

  7   Effective  in  1979, the LOT classification  was extended  from  0-6,000  Ibs
     GVWR to  0-8,500  Ibs GVWR.

  8   Standards  in  parentheses  apply  to   LDTs  sold  in  specified high-altitude
     counties.  Manufacturers may choose  to  exempt  up  to  30  percent of their
     total LDT  sales  from  demonstrating compliance  with high-altitude standards
     (1982-84 only).

  9   Emissions  averaging  may  be used to  meet  this  standard,   provided   that
     emissions  from  LDTs   produced  for   sale  in California or  in designated
     high-altitude  areas may be  averaged only within each  of those  areas.  NOx
     emissions  from diesel   and  gasoline-fueled LDT engine  families may not  be
     averaged together.  NOx  emissions  from  LDTs  over 6,000  Ib  GVW meeting
     2.3 gpm NOx  standard for 1988-89  may not be averaged with LDTs meeting 1.2
    or  1.7   gpm  standards.   Particulate  emissions  from  LDDT2s  may  not   be
    averaged together  with particulate  emissions  from LDDVs  and LDDTls under
    the 0.13 gpm standard.

10  Standards  under  (A)  apply  to  LDTs  up  to and  including 3,750  Ibs loaded
    vehicle weight (LVW);  those under (B) apply to  LDTs over 3,750 Ibs  LVW.
CID     - cubic inch displacement
CVS-72  - constant volume sample cold start test
CVS-75  - constant volume sample test which includes cold and hot starts
gpm     - grains per mile
GVWR    - gross vehicle weight rating
ppm     - parts per million
7-mode  - 137 second driving cycle test
SHED    - sealed housing for evaporative determination

-------
                                           A-6
 A. 1.3   Heavy-Duty Gasoline-Fueled  Engines  and Vehicle^

 The  following  is a  summary of gasoline-fueled heavy-duty  engine  and  vehicle  standards.
Year

Prior to
Controlsz


1970-73

1974-78

1979J'4'5
1980-83
1984
    7
            Hydrocarbons

             9.7 g/bhp-hr
            12.7 g/bhp-hr
            10.9 g/bhp-hr

             275 ppm
             1.5 g/bhp-hr
             1.0 g/bhp-hr
             1.5 g/bhp-hr
             1.0 g/bhp-hr6
         (A) 1.5 g/bhp-hr
             1.0 g/bhp-hr6
  Carbon
 Monoxide

121 g/bhp-hr
155 g/bhp-hr
155 g/bhp-hr

1.5 %

 40 g/bhp-hr

 25 g/bhp-hr
 25 g/bhp-hr
 25 g/bhp-hr

 25 g/bhp-hr
 25 g/bhp-hr
 25 g/bhp-hr
 25  g/bhp-hr
 25  g/bhp-hr
 25  g/bhp-hr
                                             Oxides of
                                             Nitrogen
                                            6.86 g/bhp-hr
                                            6.71 g/bhp-hr
 Hydrocarbons
  + Oxides of
   Nitrogen
  16 g/bhp-hr

  10 g/bhp-hr
'9.5 g/bhp-hr
   5 g/bhp-hr

  10 g/bhp-hr
 9.5 g/bhp-hr6
 5.0 g/bhp-hr
                                                            10 g/bhp-hr
                                                           9.5 g/bhp-hr6
                                                           5.0 g/bhp-hr
1985-86 '
         (B)  1.3 g/bhp-hr   15.5 g/bhp-hr   10.7 g/bhp-hr8
             1.9 g/bhp-hr   37.1 g/bhp-hr   10.6 g/bhp-hr
             2.5 g/bhp-hr   40.0 g/bhp-hr   10.7 g/bhp-hr
       ,10,
1987-891U(A)  1.1 g/bhp-hr   14.4 g/bhp-hr   10.6  g/bhp-hr

         (B)  1.9 g/bhp-hr   37.1 g/bhp-hr   10.6  g/bhp-hr
   ,1 o
19901U   (A)  1.1 g/bhp-hr   14.4  g/bhp-hr    6.0  g/bhp-hr

         (B)  1.9 g/bhp-hr   37.1  g/bhp-hr    6.0  g/bhp-hr
Evaporative
Hydrocarbons
                                              3.0  or 4.0
                                                g/test
                                                                           3.0  g/test

                                                                           4.0  g/test


                                                                           3.0  g/test

                                                                           4.0  g/test
1991 &   (A)  1.1  g/bhp-hr    14.4  g/bhp-hr     5.0  g/bhp-hr
later
     10
                                                         i t
         (B)  1.9  g/bhp-hr    37.1  g/bhp-hr     5.0 g/bhp-hrLl
                                                                           3.0 g/test

                                                                           4.0 g/test

-------
                                        A-7

 HEAVY-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED ENGINES AND VEHICLES  -  Notes

  1  Test  procedure for  1970-83  standards  is  the  9-mode.   For   1984,  either  the
    steady-state  or  transient  test  may be  used.  For  1985-86,  either the  EPA  or
    MVMA  transient test may be  used.   For 1987 and later,  the MVMA transient  test
    is  used.   Standards  are engine  standards  except  for  evaporative  emissions
    standards,  which  apply  to  vehicles.   No  crankcase  emissions  permitted  from
    HDGVs beginning with 1968 model year.

  2  The  first  set of  numbers represents uncontrolled  emissions as measured  on the
    9-mode test;  the second,  as measured  on the  EPA transient test;  the  third,  as
    measured on the MVMA transient test.

  3  Manufacturers may choose among the sets of  standards listed.

  4  Standards  of  1.0  HC,  25  CO,   and  9.5 NOx  may be used  if NDIR HC  measurement
    method is used.

  5  Effective in  1979,  the  HDV  classification was  changed  from ±6,001. Ibs GVWR  to
    2.8,501 Ibs GVWR.

  6  These standards are available as an option  for  low-volume manufacturers only.

  7  At  the  manufacturers'  option, the  1983  standards  and  test  procedure  may  be
    used  (option A),  or the option B standards with the EPA transient test.

  3  This standard was  derived from the HC+NOx standard when  the transient test was
    adopted.   It  does  not represent  any significant  level  of  control,  although
    control  of HC emissions  has  exerted  an  upward  influence  on NOx  emissions
    relative to baseline levels.

  9  Standards of  1.9 HC,  37.1 CO,  10.6 NOx  are used with the MVMA transient test;
    the EPA transient test  is used with standards  of  2.5 HC,  40.0 CO,  10.7 NOx.
    Evaporative standard is 3.0 g/test  for HDVs  8,501-14,000  Ibs GVWR, 4.0 g/test
    for those >14,000  Ibs GVWR.   (Evaporative standards do not  apply  to model year
    1985 HDVs equipped with 1984 model year engines).

10  Standards under  (A)  apply to HDEs  intended for use in HDVs  ^14,000 Ibs GVWR;
    those under (B) apply  to  HDEs intended for use in HDVs  > 14,000 Ibs  GVWR.  A
    manufacturer  may  certify up  to  5  percent of  HDEs intended for  use in HDVs
    ^14,000  Ibs GVWR  to  the standards under  (B) at its option.   Test  procedure  is
    MVMA transient test.

11  Emissions  averaging  may  be  used  to  meet  this  standard; NOx  emissions from
    gasoline-fueled HDEs  may not  be  averaged  together with those   from  diesel
    HDEs.   Also,  averaging  is   restricted  regionally;  the   two   regions  are
    California and the other 49  states.
g/bhp-hr       - grams per brake horsepower-hour
GVWR           - gross vehicle weight rating
HDE/HDV        - heavy-duty engine/heavy-duty vehicle
 -mode         - gasoline engine dynamometer test with 9 steady-state test points
 DIR           - nondispersive infrared
ppm            - parts per million
transient test - engine  dynamometer  test   procedure   with  starts,   stops,   and
                 speed/load changes

-------
                                           A-8
 A.1.4   Heavy-Duty Diesel-Powered Engines  and Vehicles

 The  following  is  a summary  of  diesel-powered heavy-duty engine  and vehicle  standards.1
 Year
 1970-73
 1974-78
1979-832'3
19844 (A)
1985-87
1988-89
1990
1991-93
1994 &
later
                Carbon      Oxides  of
 Hydrocarbons   Monoxide       Nitrogen^
Hydrocarbons
 + Oxides of
  Nitrogen
               40 g/bhp-hr
1.5 g/bhp-hr   25 g/bhp-hr
               25 g/bhp-hr
1.5 g/bhp-hr  25 g/bhp-hr
              25 g/bhp-hr
                                                     16 g/bhp-hr
                                                     10 g/bhp-hr
                                                      5 g/bhp-hr
 5  g/bhp-hr
 5  g/bhp-hr
      (B)    1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr 10.7 g/bhp-hr
             0.5 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr  9.0 g/bhp-hr
1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr 10.7 g/bhp-hr
1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr 10.7 g/bhp-hr
1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr  6.0 g/bhp-hr
1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr  5.0 g/bhp-hr:
1.3 g/bhp-hr 15.5 g/bhp-hr  5.0 g/bhp-hr'
Partic-     Smoke
ulates    (opacity)

          ACCEL 40%
          LUG   20%

          ACCEL 20%
          LUG   15%
          PEAK  50%

          ACCEL 20%
          LUG   15%
          PEAK  50%

          ACCEL 20%
          LUG   15%
          PEAK  50%
                                                                 ACCEL 20\
                                                                 LUG   15
                                                                 PEAK  50%'
                        ACCEL  20%
                        LUG    15%
                        PEAK   50%

              0.60 g/   ACCEL  20%
               bhp-hr   LUG    15%
                        PEAK   50%

              0.60 g/   ACCEL  20%
               bhp-hr   LUG    15%
                        PEAK   50%

              0.25 g/   ACCEL  20%
               bhp-hr6  LUG    15%
              0.10 g/   PEAK   50%
               bhp-hr7

              0.10 g/   ACCEL  20%
               bhp-hr6  LUG    15%
                        PEAK   50%

-------
                                      A-9
HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL-POWERED  ENGINES  AND  VEHICLES  -  Notes

1   Test  procedure for 1970-1983  standards  is  the  13-mode.   Test procedure for
    1985  and later  is the  transient  test.   No  crankcase emissions  permitted
    from  naturally aspirated HDDVs beginning with 1984  model  year.

2   Effective  in 1979, the  HDV  classification  was  changed from  2.6-001 Ibs  GVWR
    to 2.8,501 Ibs  GVWR.

3   Manufacturers  may  choose from  the  two  sets  of standards listed.

4   At the manufacturers'  option,  either the 1983 standards and  test  procedure
    may be  used (option A), or  standards  of 1.3  HC,  15.5  CO,  and 10.7 NOx  with
    the transient  test (option  B).  Also,  standards of  0.5   HC,  15.5 CO,  and
    9.0 NOx  are optional  standards  for  1984 diesel HDEs  tested  on  the 13-mode
    test.

5   Emissions averaging may  be used to meet  this  standard, but  these  emissions
    may not  be  averaged with gasoline-fueled HDE NOx emissions.  Averaging  is
    restricted  to  within useful  life subclasses  (light,  medium,  and heavy;  see
    40  CFR  86.085-2).  Also,   averaging  is restricted  regionally;  the  two
    regions are California and the other 49  states.

6   Emissions averaging may  be used to meet  this  standard.  However,  averaging
    is  restricted  to  within   useful  life  subclasses.    Also,  averaging  is
    restricted  regionally; the  two regions   are  California  and the  other  49
    states.  Emissions  from  engines used  in  urban buses may not  be  included  in
    the averaging program.

7   For urban  bus engines only,  the  standard  is  0.10  g/bhp-hr  for  1991-93.
    Particulate  averaging  is not allowed with this standard,  but NOx  emissions
    from these engines may be used in NOx averaging.
g/bhp-hr       - grains per brake horsepower-hour
ppm            - parts per million
13-mode        - diesel engine dynamometer test with 13 steady-state test
                 points
transient test. - engine   dynamometer   procedure  with   starts,   stops,   and
                 speed/load changes

-------
                                      A-10
 A. 1.5  Motorcycles
 The  following is  a summary of motorcycle standards,
                                                                                           I
 Year

 Prior  to
 controls

 1978-79
 1980 &
 later
Displacement
All (average)

 50-169
170-749
750 & larger
Hydrocarbons
5.6 g/km

5.0 g/km
5.0 + 0.0155(0-170) g/kmJ
14 g/km
All (50 cc S, larger)    5.0 g/km
 Carbon
Monoxide
21.5 g/km

17 g/km
17 g/km
17 g/km

12 g/km
1  A  motorcycle  is  any  motor  vehicle  with  a  headlight,  taillight,  and
   stoplight,  two  or three  wheels,  and  a curb mass  of 680  kg  (1500 Ibs) or
   less.  Motorcycles are exempt from these requirements if

       (1) displacement is less than 50 cc (3.1 in3), or,
       (2) with an 80 kg (176 lb) driver it cannot
           (a) start from a dead stop using only the engine, or,
           (b) exceed a speed of 40 km/hr  (25 mi/hr) on a level paved surface.

2  Engine displacement shown in cubic centimeters.

3  Formula for motorcycle  hydrocarbon  standards,  where D = engine displacement
   in cubic centimeters.  For example,  for a motorcycle with  a 300  cc engine,
   the hydrocarbon standard is:   5.0 + [(300-170)  x .0155] = 7.0 g/km).
g/km - grams per kilometer
cc   - cubic centimeters

-------
                                  Appendix B
                          CALCULATION OF  THE VMT MIX
The  proportion of  the total  vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT)  driven by a  given
vehicle type depends on the  following  three  parameters:

      (a) number of  vehicles,
      (b) model year registration  distribution,  and,
      (c) mileage accumulation  rate distribution.

Also,  as   light-duty   diesel-powered  vehicles  and  trucks  become  a larger
proportion  of  their respective fleets,  their VMT proportions will  increase.
As the diesel-powered  vehicle  type VMT fractions increase,  the corresponding
gasoline-powered vehicle  type  VMT fractions  will  decrease.

The  MOBILE4  computer  program  calculates the VMT mix,  unless the  user inputs
locality-specific  information.  The calculation procedure  is  based  on  the
estimated  number  of vehicles  and the  average annual miles  driven for each
vehicle type.  The  product of these two variables  estimates  the  total  miles
driven on  January  1 of a  calendar year for  each  vehicle type.  By performing
this calculation for each  vehicle type and summing  up  the  results, the  total
miles  driven on  January  1  for  the  entire  highway mobile source fleet  are
obtained.   Finally, by normalizing the individual  vehicle  type  total miles,
the VMT fractions are  estimated.

The  MOBILE4  computer  program  performs the calculations  in subprogram TFCALX
with the following  equations:

       MILES(IV)  = VCOUNT(IV) * GSFVCT(IV)  * TFNORM(IV)

       TOTVMT     = SUMiv  (MILES(IV)]

       VMTMIX(IV)  = MILES(IV)  / TOTVMT

where:

       MILES(IV)  =  The estimated miles driven by vehicle type IV.

       IV         =  The vehicle  type  index  (1 = LDGV,  2 = LDGT1, 3 = LDGT2,
                     4 = HDGV, 5 = LDDV,  6 = LDDT, 7 = HDDV, 8 = MC).

       VCOUHT(IV)  =  The  estimated vehicle  count for  vehicle type  IV based
                     on  registrations.   To  use  the  dieselization  rates,
                     MOBILE4    assumes   that    VCOUNT(l)  =  VCOUNT(5)    and
                     VCOUNT(2) = VCOUNT(6).   This means  that  the LDGVs  and

-------
                                     B-2
        GSFVCT(IV)
       TFNORM(IV) =
       TOTVMT
 LDDVs  combined   constitute   the   light-duty   vehicle
 fleet.   Similarly,  LDGTls,  LDGT2s,  and  LDDTs  combined
 constitute  the   light-duty  truck   fleet.    Both  the
 light-duty vehicle  and  truck   fleets  are  adjusted  by
 diesel   sales   fractions   to   separate   diesel   from
 gasoline-powered vehicles/trucks.

 Sales  fractions   of  each   total   (both  gasoline-  and
 diesel-powered)    vehicle   counts    that    are    either
 gasoline-  or  diesel-powered.    For  example,  GSFVCT (1)
 = DAF(l) /  [DAF(1>  + DAF(5)],  where  DAF  is  the  fleet
 sum of  the product  of  the registration distribution  and
 the  diesel  sales  fractions  by model  year  in a  given
 calendar  year.  The DAF  values  change  with  calendar
 year.   Examples  of how the  DAF  values are estimated  are
 shown in  the  tables   with  numbers   ending   in  .5   in
 Appendix H.   Also,   the diesel  sales  fractions  by  model
 year  are  given  in  Tables x.5.48  for the  LDVs  and  in
 Tables x.6.48 for the LDTs.

 The   registration-weighted   average   of   annual   miles
 driven  by   each   vehicle  of   vehicle   type IV.    The
 derivation  of these values  is  illustrated  in  each  of
 the  tables with  numbers  ending  in   .5  in  Appendix H
 (denoted as TFNORM at the bottom of the C*D column).

The total  miles traveled by the entire  highway mobile
 source fleet.
                          4
       SUMiv      =  The summation over the eight vehicle types.

       VMTMIX(IV)  =  The estimated VMT fraction for vehicle type IV.

An example of the  VMT mix calculation follows.   This example is based  on the
travel weighting  factor calculation tables (Tables x.x.5  in Appendix  H) and
registration counts for the January 1,  1988 VMT mix estimates:

Step 1:  Estimate  GSFVCT values for each of the vehicle types.

             IV        DAF      	Adjustment           GSFVCT
             1
             2
             3
             4
             5
             6
             7
             8
 0.944     0.9447(0.944 + 0.014)
 0.929     0.929/(0.929 + 0.024)
 0.929     0.929/0.929
 0.935     0.935/0.935
 0.014     0.014/(0.944 + 0.014)
 0.024     0.024/(0.929 + 0.024)
 0.918     0.918/0.918
 0.904     0.904/0.904
1.
1.
0.985
0.975
 .0
 .0
0.015
0.025
1.0
1.0

-------
Step 2:

   IV
                                     B-3
Calculate VMTMIX according to the equations given  above.
   VCOUNT
GSFVCT
                           TFNORM
MILES
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
3
117,268,000
18,634,000
11,518,000
1,854,000
117.268,000
18,634,000
1,301,000
4,179,000
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
.985
.975
.0
.0
.015
.025
.0
.0
9
10
11
12
11
11
41
3
t
f
f
t
t
t
t
f
253
604
243
397
382
566
840
657
.6
.2
.4
.5
.8
.7
.1
.4
10.
1.
1.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
69
93
26
23
20
09
54
15
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
io11
10 1 l
io11
io11
io11
io11
io11
io11
                                      Total
                                      15.09 x 10
                                                         i i
                                        VMTMIX
                                                                 0.
                                                                 0,
                                                                 0,
                                                          .708
                                                          ,128
                                                          .086
                                                        0.015
                                                        0.013
                                                        0.004
                                                        0.036
                                                        0.010

-------

-------
                                  Appendix C
            CALCULATION PROCEDURE TO COMBINE THE EMISSION RESULTS
            OF THE TWO  LIGHT-DUTY GASOLINE-POWERED TRUCK CLASSES
 Frequently   air  quality   analyses   require   the  use  of  one   light-duty
 gasoline-powered  truck  vehicle type, as  opposed  to  two.   However,  emission
 factors  are  presented for two  truck  types:  LDGTls and LDGT2s.   As a result,
 a procedure based on  VMT  has been developed  to combine the two  truck  types.
 This appendix describes this procedure.

 The generalized formula is as  follows:

         VMT(LDGTl) x EF(LDGTl) + VMT(LDGT2)  x  EF(LDGT2)
                     VMT(LDGTl) +• VMT(LDGT2)

 To  illustrate  this,  an  example  based  on January 1,  1988  emission  factor
 results  is used.   On  January 1,  1988,  the  LDGT1 and  LDGT2  calculated  CO
 emission factors  (based on standard  FTP  conditions  and  in-use  11.5 psi  RVP
 fuels)   are   39.37   and   41.27 grams/mile,   respectively.    Further,   from
 Appendix B,  the LDGT1  and  LDGT2  proportions  of  the  total  fleet  VMT  are
 12.8 percent  and  8.6 percent,   respectively.   Finally,  also from Appendix B,
 the entire fleet travels 15.09 x 101L miles.

 The combined truck types travel the following miles on January  1, 1988:

     (15.09 x 1011 miles) * 0.128 + (15.09 x  10M  miles) * 0.086
       = 1.93 x 1011 miles + 1.30 K 1011 miles

 The total grams emitted by the combined truck types are:

     (1.93 x 1011  miles) * 39.37 g/mi
       + (1.30 x 1011 miles) * 41.27 g/mi

 As a result,  the  calculated CO gram/mile emission factor estimate  for  the
 combined truck type is,  in total grams/total miles:

     [(15.09 x 1011 miles) * 0.128 * 39.37 g/mi
      + (15.09 x 1011 miles) *  0.086 * 41.27 g/mi]
     / [(15.09 x 1011 miles) *  0.128 + (15.09 x 1011 miles) * 0.086]
or.
     0.128 * 39.37 g/mi + 0.086 * 41.27 o;/mi   = 40.14 g/mi.
              0.128 + 0.086

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                                  Appendix 0
           METHODOLOGY  FOR  CALCULATING  JANUARY 1  TRAVEL  WEIGHTING
              INFORMATION  AND  FLEET  AVERAGE  MILEAGE  ACCUMULATION
This   appendix   describes   the   derivation   of    January  1    registration
distributions,  the  annual rate  of mileage  accrual  for the  fleet,  and  the
fleet   average    mileage    accumulation   distributions.    The   January  1
registration  and annual rate  of mileage  accrual distributions  are  used in
the  calculation of  travel weighting  fractions.   The fleet  average mileage
accumulation  distributions  are  used to  estimate  the January 1  emission
levels by model year.
D.I  JANUARY 1 TRAVEL WEIGHTING INFORMATION

The  travel  weighting fractions  for a given  vehicle  type are the  individual
model  year  proportions  of the total VMT  for  the vehicle  type.   To generate
the travel weighting fractions, three distributions are required:

     (a) annual mileage accrual rate per vehicle by age distribution,
     (b) registration distribution, and,
     (c) diesel sales fraction distribution.
D.I.I  January 1 Registration Distribution Transformations

The first step of  the January 1 travel  fraction  calculation procedure is to
estimate the January  1  model year registration distribution for each vehicle
type.  The model year registration  distribution,  frequently  referred  to as
the  registration  mix,  begins  with  all model  years combined  for  a given
vehicle  type  and apportions  them into  their appropriate  model  year  index
(except  for model  year  index 20, which  represents  all model years that were
built 20 or more model  years ago).   At  this  phase  of the  registration mir
development,   the  LDV  and  LOT  model  year  registration distributions  are
composed of both the gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicle types.

For  the MOBILE4  computer  program,  the  initial  model  year  registration
distributions  are  assumed   to   be  based  on  July 1  data.   This  July 1
information  is  then  transformed  into  January 1  model  year  registration
distributions.   For  vehicle types  where sales begin on October  1  (such as
light-duty vehicles  and  trucks),   it is  assumed that  the  original  July 1
model year  registration distribution accounts for  approximately  75 percent
of  the  current  model year   fleet.   Using  the assumption  of uniform  sales
throughout the year,  approximately  25 percent of the model  year fleet would
have been sold by January 1  (or one-third of the July 1 registration).

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                                     D-2
 The  older model  year registration  figures are  six  months  older  on  July 1
 than they are on January  1.   However,  no direct adjustment are made to these
 older  model  year  registration  values.   Although  the  difference  between
 January  1 and  July 1  for  the  older   model  vehicles  is  primarily due  to
 scrappage, the older  model year registration values are  to be adjusted later.

 Denoting the  July  1  registration  fractions  as H{1),  R(2),  R(3),
 R(20+),  the January 1 adjustment equations can be generalized as follows:

     FIRST MODEL YEAR INDEX:              1/3 * R(l)
     SECOND AND LATER MODEL YEAR INDEX:   R(i), i=2, 3,  .  .  .,  20 +

 The  second step  of  adjustment  for  the  January 1 model  year  registration
 distributions  is to  account  for  the gasoline/diesel  sales fractions:   the
 separation of the model year  sales  into  diesel-  and gasoline-powered vehicle
 types.   (The  diesel  sales  fractions  by  model  year  are given in Tables  x.5.48
 for  LDVs and x.6.48  for  LDTs  in Appendix  H.)   As a result,  the  January 1
 model  year   registration  distributions   are  adjusted  according  to   the
 following formulae:

     FIRST MODEL YEAR INDEX:              1/3 * R(l) * F(my)
     SECOND AND LATER MODEL YEAR  INDEX:   R(i)  *  F(my-i>l)

 where F(my) is  the  model  year  sales  fractions which are  gasoline-powered if
 calculating the LDGV  or  LDGT  registration distributions,  or  the model year
 sales  fractions  which  are diesel-powered  if calculating  the  LDDV or LDDT
 registration distributions.

 The  last  step  of  adjustment   is  to  normalize  the  January  1 model  year
 registration  distribution  so  that  the   fractions  from each model year index
 sum up to unity.  To  accomplish this adjustment,  the  following procedure  is
 used:

     DAF = SUMi [ P(i) * R(i) * F(my-Ul)  ]

where:

     P(l)  =   1/3
     P(i)  =   1,    for i = 2,  3, . .  .,   20 +
     R(i)  =   July 1 registration values,  i  = 1,  2, 3,  .  . ., 20+
F(my-i+l)  =   sales fractions  (either  gasoline   or diesel)  for model  year
              my-i+1
     SUMi  =   summation over the 20 model years.

Then for each January 1  registration,   the  value  of P(i)*R(i)*F(my-i+l)   is
divided by DAF to estimate the January 1 registration

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                                     D-3
 For  vehicles whose  sales  begins  on  January 1  (such  as heavy-duty  vehicles
 and   motorcycles),   there   are  two   changes   to  the  above   normalization
 procedure: P(l)  is set  to  zero,  and every F(my-i-t-l)  term is  set to 1.0.
D.I.2  January 1 Annual Rate of Mileage Accrual  for  the  Fleet

The  last  aspect  of  calculating   the   travel  weighting   fractions   is  to
determine  the  January 1  annual   rate of  mileage  accrual.   The  following
example illustrates the methodology  used  for  calculating the average  mileage
accumulation  rate  for the  1988  model year (MY) LDGVs  on January 1 of  1988,
1989, 1990, and later years.

First, the average  annual  mileage accumulation  rate  of  the MY. 1988 LDGVs  on
January 1,  1988,  is  calculated  (i.e.,   the  calendar year  when the  vehicle
model year  index is  one).   It  is  assumed that mileage accrual  is  uniform
throughout the year  and  that 1988 LDGV model year sales begin  on October  1,
1987.

Using these assumptions,  it is obvious that  by  January 1,  1988, all  1988  MY
vehicles are  less  than one year old and  accumulate mileage  at the first year
rate of  13,118 miles.   (The  annual  rates  of mileage  accural  of  LDGVs are
presented  in  Table  1.1.4A  of   Appendix H.)   By  January 1,  1989,   those
vehicles that  were sold  by January 1, 1988  have been  on  the  road  for  an
additional year  and  accumulate mileage  at  the second year annual rate  of
12,408 miles.

In addition to  the  MY 1988 vehicles sold before January 1, 1988,  there are
also  those  sold  after  January 1  and  before  October 1,   1988.    Again  by
assuming uniform sales, approximately 75  percent of  the  MY  1988 vehicles are
sold after January 1,  1988.  Further,  on January  1,  1989 these vehicles are
still in  their  first year of  mileage  accumulation  and   are  accumulating
mileage at an annual rate of 13,118 miles.

Since the first group represents three months of  sales and the second  group
represents nine months of  sales,  the average annual mileage accrual rate  of
MY 1988  vehicles on January 1, 1989 can be expressed as follows:

     (0.25 * 12,408 miles) + (0.75 * 13,118 miles)

By extension,  the  formula  for  the average mileage  accumulation rate of the
MY 1988  vehicles on January 1, 1990 is as follows:

     (0.25 * 11,737 miles)  * (0.75 * 12,408 miles)

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                                     D-4
Denoting  the  average  annual   rate  of  mileage  accrual  during  the   first,
second,  and   third   year  as  M(l),  M(2),   and  M(3),  respectively,   the
generalized average  annual  mileage accumulation  rate  equations  on January  1
are as follows:

     FIRST MODEL YEAR INDEX:   M(l)
     SECOND MODEL YEAR INDEX:  0.25 * M(2) + 0.75 * M(l)
     THIRD MODEL YEAR INDEX:   0.25 * M(3) + 0.75 * M{2)
     Ith MODEL YEAR INDEX:     0.25 * M(i) + 0.75 * M(i-l)
For  the  vehicle  types whose  sales  begin  on  January 1  (such  as heavy-duty
vehicles  and motorcycles), the generalized formulae are as follows:

     FIRST MODEL YEAR INDEX:  0
     Ith  MODEL YEAR INDEX:    M(i-l)
D.2  JANUARY 1 FLEET AVERAGE MILEAGE ACCUMULATION

To estimate  the  emission levels on January 1 for each model  year (as  shown
in  Tables x.(IV).HA  through  x.(IV).HC  of  Appendix H  for  each  vehicle
type), the annual mileage accrual  rate per vehicle by  age is used to  derive
the fleet average mileage accumulation distribution.

The  following  example  explains   the  methodology  used for  calculating  the
average  January  1  fleet cumulative  mileages for  the  1988  model  year  (MY)
LDGVs on January 1 of 1988, 1989,  1990, and later years.

First,  the  average  fleet  cumulative  mileage  of the MY 1988  vehicles on
January 1, 1988  (i.e.,  the  calendar year when  the  vehicle model  year  index
is defined as  "1") is  calculated.   As  described  in  the previous section,
MOBILE4 assumes  that both  the vehicle sales  and  the  vehicle mileage  accrual
are  uniformly  distributed  throughout  the  year, and for LDGVs  the MY 1988
sales began on October 1, 1987.  Then, by January 1,  1988  (25 percent of  the
way through the  sales  year),  approximately 25 percent of  the  1988 model  year
vehicles  would  have  been  sold.   These  vehicles  range   in  age  from  0 to
3 months.  Assuming uniform sales, their average age  is 1.5 months.

The average  mileage accrual  for   these MY  1988  vehicles  which  were sold by
January 1, 1988  is 1.5/12.0  (or   0.125)  multiplied  by the  annual  rate of
mileage  accumulation  of  13,118 miles  for  the  first year.    (The  annual
mileage accrual  rates  for LDGVs are presented in Tables X.1.4A  and x.1.5 of
Appendix H. )    By January 1,  1989,  vehicles sold before January  1, 1988  have
been on  the road for an additional year.   Therefore,  they  have accumulated
mileage   for   1.0+ (1.5/12.0)  years   (or  1.125 years).    Referring  to
Table 1.1. 4A for the rates of annual mileage  accrual,  the  average cumulative
mileage  of  these  vehicles  are calculated  as  the sum of the  first year's
mileage  of  13,118  miles plus  0.125  multiplied by  the  second  year  mileage
rate of 12,408  miles.
                                                                                  ^fl^

                                                                                   ^^^

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                                     D-5
 In  addition to the 1988 MY  vehicles  sold before  January 1,  1988,  there  are
 also  those sold  between January 1,  1988 and  September  30,  1988.  Again  by
 the uniform sales  assumption,  by January 1,  1989 these vehicles range  in  age
 from   3  to  12 months,  with  an  average age   of  7.5 months.   Since  these
 vehicles  are  still  in their  first year  of use  on  January  1,  1989,  their
 average   mileage   accumulation  is   7.5/12.0   (or   0.625)   multiplied   by
 13,118 miles.

 The average cumulative mileage  of  all  MY 1988 LDGVs on January  1, 1989  is
 the sales  weighted average  of  the cumulative  mileages  for these two  groups
 of  vehicles (those sold before  January 1 and  those  sold after  January  1).
 Since  the  first group represents three  months  of sales  and the second group
 represents  nine months of sales, the  weighted  average cumulative mileage  of
 MY 1988 vehicles on January  1,  1989 can  be expressed  as follows:

         0.25 *  (13118 miles +  0.125 * 12408 miles)
            + 0.75 * (0.625 * 13118 miles)

 By extension,  the formulae for  the cumulative mileage of  1988 MY vehicles  on
 January 1, 1990 is given by:

         0.25 * (13118 miles +  12408 miles + 0.125 *  11737 miles)
           + 0.75 * (13118 miles  + 0.625  * 12408 miles)

 Denoting the average  rate of mileage  accumulation during the first, second,
 and third  years as M(l), M(2),  and M(3), we can generalize the equations for
 cumulative mileage on January 1  as follows:

     FIRST YEAR:   0.125 * M(l)
     SECOND YEAR:  0.25 * [M(l)  + 0.125 * M(2)]  + 0.75 *  [0.625 * M(D]
     THIRD YEAR:   M(l) + 0.25 *  [M(2) + 0.125  * M(3)]
                     + 0.75 * [0.625 * M(2)]
     Ith YEAR:      M(l) + M(2)  +  ... + M(i-2) + 0.25 * [M(i-l) +
                     0.125 * M(i)J + 0.75 *  [0.625 * M(i-l)]

For vehicles whose  sales year  begins on January 1 (e.g.,  heavy-duty vehicles
and motorcycles), the formulae are simplified as follows:

     FIRST YEAR:   0
     SECOND YEAR:  0.5 * M(l)
    THIRD YEAR:   M(l) + M(2)  + ...+• M(i-2) + 0.5 * M(i-l)

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                                  Appendix  E
                      METHOD  FOR  DETERMINING  EMISSIONS
                DUE TO OR  INCLUDING  TAMPERING AND  MISFUELING
E.I  BACKGROUND

Since  1978/  EPA  has  been conducting  surveys of  in-use vehicles  (passenger
cars  and trucks)  nationwide,  collecting  data regarding  emission  component
disablements   and  misfueling.    Three  of   the   latest  available   surveys,
completed in 1984,  1985,  and  1986,  were chosen as  the  data base  for  MOBILE4
tampering and misfueling  rates.

Tampering and  misfueling  rates  are determined for  four  vehicle  types  (LDGVs,
LDGTls,  LDGT2,  and HDGVs) only.  Due  to  lack  of  information  on both  rates
and effects, no  tampering and misfueling  rates are assumed  for  other  vehicle
types.   Separate  tampering rates are used for  non-I/M  areas  and areas with
I/M programs,  for nine different categories:  air  pump  disablement,  catalyst
removal,  EGR  system  disabled,   filler  neck  damaged,  fuel  tank misfueled,
total misfueled,  PCV  system disabled,  canister disconnect,  and  both canister
and fuel cap removal.  Total misfueled is  the sum  of the filler neck  damaged
and fuel  tank  misfueled categories.  For  the light-duty vehicles  and  trucks,
two  separate groups  are  considered:   pre-1981  model  years,   and  1981  and
later model years.

As in MOBILE3,  linear regression equations on mileage  were fit  to  the  three
year survey data.   In MOBILE4, each equation is defined  by a zero mile  rate,
an increase  in the rate for every  10,000  miles  of  fleet  average  mileage  for
the  first  50,000  miles,  and  (depending  on  vehicle  type  and  tampering
category) either  the  same or  a different increase  in the  rate for  every
10,000 miles of fleet average mileage after 50,000  miles.

The regression coefficients are given in Tables x.(IV).9A  in Appendix H.  In
these  tables,   some  coefficients  at  the  zero-mile   level  are   negative.
However, if  a  tampering or misfueling  rate for  a particular model year  is
calculated to  be  less than zero in the  evaluation year,  that rate  is set to
zero.

Also in Tables  x.(IV).9A,  the overlap among tampering types  is ignored.  One
vehicle  could  contribute  to  several  of  the   regression  equations.   The
overall tampering  rate  at a given mileage  is,  therefore,  less  than the sum
of these  equations.  However,  when estimating the excess  emissions  due  to
tampering, it is necessary to explicitly account for vehicles  with more than
one form  of tampering, since  tampering effects on emissions  are not always
additive.   The   following  sections  describe   the  methodology  with  an
illustrated example.

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                                      E-2
The method  described  below assumes that  the  user  is interested  in a situation
in which vehicles  are driven under standard  conditions  of temperature,  speed,
etc.   All   of  the  emission  impacts  shown  in this  document  assume  such a
situation as  well.   It is possible to  analyze  other situations  if correction
factors for non-standard  conditions are applied at  an  appropriate step  in  the
calculation.  MOBILE4 does this automatically.
E.2  Discussion of Methodology

The approach used  begins  with a single model year vehicle.  The calculation is
performed for each of the  last  19  model years, resulting  in  a total emissions
impact   for   each   from   all   forms   of  tampering   combined.     These  19
model-year-specific    impacts     are     then     added    using     age-based
vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT)  fractions as  weighting factors  to  arrive at the
impact on the composite emissions of, for example, the LDGVs of all ages.

The discussion below  is  for  low-altitude  LDGVs.   The  same procedure  is used
for LDGTls, LDGT2s, or HDGVs by substituting  the  appropriate  tampering rates,
emission impacts,  etc.   The  calculation consists of  the  following  steps for
each model year.
Separate  the  model  year   into  subgroups  with  distinct   combinations  of
equipment, such  that  all vehicles  in a  subgroup are susceptible  to the same
types of tampering.  Specifically, vehicles with catalyst and  air  pump must be
separated from  vehicles  with  air pump only,  and from  vehicles  with catalyst
only, since simultaneous  air  pump and catalyst  tampering  is  possible  for one
subgroup but not  the  others.   The sales  fractions  for  each of these subgroups
must  also  be   known.    (These  fractions  are  given   in  Table 1.1.IOC  of
Appendix H.)

In  a  single  model  year,   vehicles  either  have  or  do not  have PCV  and
evaporative controls.   The fuel cap is considered as a part of the evaporative
control  system.   The  impacts  of PCV and evaporative control  system tampering
are  independent  from the  impacts  of  other  types  of  tampering,  such  as
misfueling,  catalyst  removal,  and  air pump  disablement.   For  these reasons,
there is no need to define subgroups based on PCV and evaporative equipment.
Identify  all  the  unique combinations  of  tampering that  could occur  in each
subgroup.  These are as follows:

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                                     E-3

                                                     Catalyst         Air
             Air Pump/Catalyst                         Only        Pump Only

          1.  Air Pump/Catalyst
          2.  Air Pump/Filler Neck Damaged
          3,  Air Pump/Fuel Tank Misfueled
          4.  Air Pump/Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged
          5.  Air Pump/Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled
          6.  Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged                X
          7.  Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled                X
          8.  Air Pump Only                                            X
          9.  Catalyst Only                               X
        10.  Filler Neck Damaged Only                    X
        11.  Fuel Tank Misfueled Only                    X
In  the above  list,   "Filler  Neck  Damaged"  designates  habitual  misfueling
accompanied by  tampering  of the fuel inlet restrictor, "Fuel Tank Misfueled"
designates habitual misfueling  accomplished by other means,  such  as a small
pump nozzle or a funnel.
Find the percentage  of  vehicles with each of  the above  unique combinations
of  tampering  on the  evaluation date,  assuming no special  program to reduce
tampering and misfueling.   These rates are  described in  Tables  1.1.9A,  and
are  functions  of  the  model year  vehicle  mileage  on  the evaluation  date
(January 1).  (The  mileage  accumulation  rate  is given  in Table  1.1.4A  of
Appendix H).  Given  an  odometer value,  the coefficients  from Table 1.1.9A
can  be  used  to calculate  the  overall  rates  of  tampering   for  air  pump
disablement  (AIR),   catalyst  removal  (CAT),  misfueling  via damaged  filler
neck (INLET),  and fuel tank misfueled (OTHER).

These overall tampering  rates  are the sum of  the rates  for  two  or more  of
the  above  unique  combinations   of  tampering.   To  calculate the  individual
rate for each unique combination, additional assumptions  are  necessary.   EPA
has  assumed  that   the   rate  for  a  given  overlap  combination  is  always
proportional  to the  overall rate  of one  or  the  other  of   the  forms  of
tampering that  make  up  the overlap combination.  For  example,  the  rate  of
simultaneous air pump and  catalyst  tampering  affecting HC/CO  emissions  for
1981 and  later  model  year  LDGVs  is  6.08 percent of  the overall air  pump
tampering  rate, regardless of  any  local  variation  in overall  air  pump
tampering rate  or  overall catalyst  tampering rate.   This 6.08  percentage
value,  called the  category  size factor,  was  determined  from  the  tampering
survey  data.

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                                     E-4
The  category  size  factors  used  in MOBILE4  are  defined by  the pollutant
affected  (either  HC/CO or NOx),  and by the  model year  group  (pre-1981 vs.
1981 and  later model years):
                                           HC/CO Emissions
                                           Pre-1981  1981+
       NOx Emissions
      Pre-1981  1981+
0.2025
0.1942
0.0423
0.3454
0.0270
0.2371
0.1176
0.0608
0.1466
0.0363
0.2516
0.0283
0.3750
0.0802
0.1349
0.0353
0.0161
0.1392
0.0263
0.1899
0.0526
0.0786
0.0137
0.0149
0.0778
0.0
0.2780
0.0750
      Air Pump/Catalyst

1. Air Pump/Catalyst
2. Air Pump/Filler Neck Damaged
3. Air Pump/Fuel Tank Misfueled
4. Air Pump/Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged
5. Air Pump/Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled
6. Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged
7. Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled

Necessary adjustments are made to prevent any  logical  contradiction.   In the
example  given below,  the  rates  of  simultaneous  filler  neck  damaged  from
vehicles with air pump  only,  from  vehicles  with catalyst  only,  and  from
vehicles equipped  with catalyst and  air  pump  are assumed to  be equal  to or
less than the overall  rate  of filler neck  damaged.   Similar  assumptions are
made for other  overlap combinations.   The resultant tampering rates for each
unique combination are used for calculating both  the  excess  exhaust  and the
excess idle emissions.  An example of the assumptions is as follows:
          Air Pump/Catalyst

      1.  Air Pump/Catalyst
      2.  Air Pump/Filler Neck Damaged
      3.  Air Pump/Fuel Tank Misfueled
      4.  Air Pump/Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged
      5.  Air Pump/Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled
      6.  Catalyst/Filler Neck Damaged
      7.  Catalyst/Fuel Tank Misfueled
      8.  Air Pump Only
      9.  Catalyst Only
     10.  Filler Neck Damaged Only
     11.  Fuel Tank Misfueled Only
    Rate
0.060S x AIR
0.1466 x AIR
0.0363 x AIR
0.2516 x CAT
0.0283 X CAT
0.3750 x CAT
0.0802 x CAT
AIR - (1,2,3,4,5)
CAT - (1,4,5,6,7)
INLET - (2,4,6)
OTHER - (3,5,7)
PCV  tampering rates  come directly  from  the coefficients  in Table 1.1.9A.
Two  sets  of   tampering   rates  are  given  for  evaporative  control  system
tampering:  both  canister and fuel cap disconnect,  and canister disconnect.
Therefore, the rate  of fuel  cap removal  alone  is  to be calculated  from the
difference between the two rates.

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                                      E-5
 Assign each  unique combination  of  tampering an  emissions  impact  (excess
 emissions  or  uncontrolled  emissions)  per  vehicle.   The  impacts  are  taken
 from  Table 1.1.9B  for  the  exhaust  and idle  excess  emissions.  Table 1.I.9C
 for  the uncontrolled evaporative  crankcase,  hot soak and  diurnal  emissions,
 and  Table 1.1.9D for  the uncontrolled  evaporative  running  loss  emissions.
 The following  assumptions applied  to cases  of simultaneous  tampering;

      1)  The   impact  of   simultaneous  catalyst  removal  and  of  rnisfueling
         and/or  air pump  tampering is the same as stated in Table  1.1.9B  for
         catalyst removal alone.

      2)  The  impact of  simultaneous misfueling and air  pump  tampering is  the
         same  as stated in Table 1.1.9B for misfueling alone.
Multiply  the  tampering  rate  by  the  emissions   impact   for   each   unique
combination, then  add the result for  all  combinations,  taking  into  account
the  sales  split  between  the  air  pump  only  subgroup,  the  catalyst only
subgroup, and the  air pump- and catalyst-equipped  subgroup.   The sum  is  the
excess exhaust or idle emissions due to the tampering and misfueling.

Composite excess exhaust or  idle emissions  can be calculated  by weighting
each model  year by  its age-based VMT fraction  (also  known  as  the   travel
fraction).

Excess crankcase emissions  due  to PCV tampering  are calculated from  the  PCV
tampering rate,  emissions impact, and fractions equipped with PCV.
Step 6;

Except for  crankcase evaporative emissions,  all  other evaporative emissions
(hot soak,  diurnal,  and  running  loss)  including  tampering  are  calculated
from the  following six  components:   nontampered emission  rate,  fraction of
nontampered  fleet,  uncontrolled  emissions   due   to  canister  disconnect,
fractions of  the  fleet with canister disconnect, uncontrolled emissions due
to  fuel  cap  removal,  and  fractions of  the  fleet  with  fuel cap  removal.
Excess emissions are,  therefore,  calculated internally from uncontrolled and
controlled evaporative emission levels.

-------
                                      E-6
 E.3  Example Calculation

 This example  calculates the excess  emissions  due  to  tampering and  misfueling
 for  the  1982  model year  LDGVs  evaluated  on  January 1,  1988.   It  is  assumed
 that  the vehicles  are  located  in  a non-I/M  area, with the  national  average
 tampering and misfueling  rates described  in Table 1.1.9A.   The  average  1982
 model year vehicle  is estimated  to  have accumulated 66,303  miles by  January  1,
 1988 (from Table  1.1.4A under model  year  index 7).
                                   Table E-l
            Example Calculation of Tampering and Misfueling Rates*
       System
Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
Filler Neck Damaged
Fuel Tank Misfueled

PCV System Disabled
Canister Disconnect
Both Canister & Cap
 Zero-
 Mile
Level(A)

 -0.0157
 -0.0071
 -0.0068
  0.0140

 -0.0059
 -0.0206
 -0.0186
 Increase/
10K miles(B)
 (< 50K mi)

   0.00961
   0.00574
   0.00496
   0.00101

   0.00315
   0.01154
   0.01301
 Increase/
10K miles(C)
 (> 50K mi)

   0.03819
   0.01546
   0.00496
   0.00101

   0.00315
   0.01154
   0.01301
  Rate** at
66,303 mi = X

    0.0946
    0.0468
    0.0261
    0.0207

    0.0150
    0.0559
    0.0677
* Non-I/M area LDGVs.
**Rate = A + B*5.0 + C*(X/10K - 5.0).


The overall  rates  are then used to  estimate  the size of the  eleven overlap
categories.   These categories  do not  include  PCV and  evaporative control
system  tampering,  which  are to  be  addressed  later  in this  section.  (As
mentioned  in Section E.2, Step 1,  the  evaporative  control  system tampering
also  includes  the  fuel  cap  removal.)   For  HC  and  CO  excess  exhaust
emissions, there are  three technology types of  interest:   1)  air pump only,
2) catalyst only, and, 3) catalyst with air pump.

The category sizes  for  air  pump  only  and  catalyst  only  are  calculated
directly  from  the  coefficients  in  Table 1.1.9A, as shown  from Table E-l to
be 0.0946  and 0.0468,  respectively.   The  category sizes for  catalyst with
air pump  are  shown  below,  using  the  equations  and category size factors
described in Section E.2, Step 3.

-------
                                      E-7
             Category
           Description*

       1.   AIR/CAT
       2.   AIR/INLET
       3.   AIR/OTHER
       4.   AIR/CAT/INLET
       5.   AIR/CAT/OTHER
       6.   CAT/INLET
       7.   CAT/OTHER
       8.   AIR
       9.   CAT
      10.   INLET
      11.   OTHER
            Equation** from
          Section E.2,  Step 3

           0.0608 x  AIR
           0.1466 x  AIR
           0.0363 x  AIR
           0,
           0,
           0,
           0.0802 x  CAT
           AIR  -  (1,2,3,4,5)
           CAT  -  (1,4,5,6,7)
           INLET  - (2,4,6)
           OTHER  - (3,5,7)
.2516  x CAT
.0283  x CAT
,3750  x CAT
Category Size
at Evaluation

   0.00575
   0.01387
   0.00347
   0.01178
   0.00132
   0.01755
   0.00375
   0.05841
   0.00665
   -.01710
   0.01216
Note  that  the category size  of  INLET from the above  table is  less  than zero
(-0.01710),  as the  overall  INLET  from  Table E-l  is  0.0261,  which  is  less
than  the  sum of  0.0432  from  the  three  subgroups  (2,  4,  and  6).   An
adjustment is made so that the  sum of the three  subgroups be  equal to  the
overall rate  of 0.0261, as shown below:
         Category
       Description*

    2. AIR/INLET
    4. AIR/CAT/INLET
    6. CAT/INLET

               Total:
Category Size
at Evaluation

     0.01387
     0.01178
     0.01755
         Adjustment
     .01387/.0432*.0261
     .01178/.0432*.0261
     .01755/.0432*.0261
      Adjusted
   Category Size

      0.00833
      0.00712
      0.01060
     0.04320
*    AIR = Air pump disablement, CAT = Catalyst  removal,   INLET = Misfueling
     by enlarging fuel filler neck, and OTHER = fuel tank misfueled.
**   Rates for AIR, CAT,  INLET,  and OTHER from Table E-l.

-------
                                     S-8
 With  the adjustments,  the  revised overlap  categories  are  shown  in  Table  E-2.
            Category
          De s c r i p t ion*

       1.  AIR/CAT
       2.  AIR/INLET
       3.  AIR/OTHER
       4.  AIR/CAT/INLET
       5.  AIR/CAT/OTHER
       6.  CAT/INLET
       7.  CAT/OTHER
       8.  AIR
       9.  CAT
      10.  INLET
      11.  OTHER
                             Table E-2

                    Revised Overlap Categories

                           Equation** from
                         Section E.2, Step 3

                            0.0608 x AIR
                            0.1466 x AIR
                            0.0363 x AIR
                            0.2516 x CAT
                            0.0283 x CAT
                            0.3750 x CAT
                            0.0802 x CAT
                            AIR - (1,2,3,4,5)
                            CAT - (1,4,5,6,7)
                            INLET - (2,4,6)
                            OTHER - (3,5,7)
Category Size
at Evaluation

   0.00575
   0.00833
   0.00347
   0.00712
   0.00132
   0.01060
   0.00375
   0.06861
   0.00665
   0.0
   0.01216
**
AIR = Air  pump  disablement,  CAT = Catalyst  removal,  INLET = Misfueling
by enlarging fuel filler neck, and OTHER = fuel tank misfueled.
Rates for AIR, CAT, INLET, and OTHER from Table E-l.
                          4
Next,  the  emission  impacts of  each of  the  categories must  be determined.
Since  all  of  the 1982  model  year  vehicles  are  equipped with  either  an
oxidation catalyst or  a  3-way oxidation catalyst, the HC/CO emission impacts
of  air  pump  disablement,  catalyst  removal  and  misfueling   can  be  taken
directly from Table 1.1.9B in Appendix H.

For  simplicity,  only total HC  emissions will be  addressed in this  example.
Using  the  two  assumptions  stated  in  Section E.2,  Step 4,  the  overlap
categories 1,  4,  5,  6,  7, and  9,  which  all  contain  catalyst removal,  are
assumed to have  the  same  emissions  impact as  from catalyst  removal  alone.
Similarly,   the  overlap  categories  2,  3,  10,   and 11,  which all  contain
misfueling,  are assumed to have the same emissions  impact  as from  misfueling
alone.   Category  8,  which contains only  air  pump  disablement,  experiences
the air pump disablement emissions impact.

The excess exhaust emissions  due to tampering and  misfueling  are  determined
by multiplying  the  size of each emission impact group, and the appropriate
excess emission estimate.  The  three technology  types  are  then weighted  by
their fleet fractions  from Table 1.1.IOC and summed  for the combined excess
emissions from  air  pump,  catalyst,  and  misfueling.   This calculation  is
presented in Table E-3.

-------
                                     E-9
                Example
           Table  E-3

Calculation of Exhaust Emission Impact



Emission
Impact Groups



Overlap
Categories
(A)

Emission
Impact
Group Size
(B) (C)
Excess Composite
Total HC Technology
Emissions Fleet
(q/mi) Fraction
 Catalyst with Air Pump

 Air  Pump Disablement
 Catalyst Removal
 Misfueled

 Air  Pump Only

 Air  Pump Disablement

 Catalyst Only

 Catalyst Removal
 Misfueled
 8
 1,4,5,6,7,9
 2,3,10,11
 1-5,8
 1,4,5.6,7,9
 2,3,10,11
0.06861
0.03519
0.02396
0.09460
0.04680
0.02396
0.85
2.04
1.44
0.85
2.04
1.44
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.00
0.30
0.30
                                                                        Emission
                                                                         Impact
                                                                        (A*B*C)
0.041
0.050
0.024
0.0
0.029
0.010
                                        Total Emission Impact (g/mi):   0.154
The  excess  idle  emissions  due  to  tampering and misfueling  are determined
similarly, with the exception that excess idle emissions in  g/hr  are used in
the calculation.

PCV  and  evaporative canister  tampering effects  are  assumed not  to overlap
with any of the other tampering and misfueling effects  discussed  above.  The
excess crankcase  emissions  due  to PCV tampering  can  be determined by simply
multiplying  together  the  evaluation date  tampering  rate   of  0.0150  (from
Table E-l),  the  excess  emissions  of  1.21  g/mi  (from Table 1.1.9C),  and
technology type fleet  fractions  of 100.0 percent (from  Table  1.1.IOC).   The
calculated  evaporative  crankcase  emissions  impact due  to   PCV tampering is
0.018 g/mi for model year 1982 LDGVs on January 1, 1988.

The  calculation  of other evaporative  HC emissions  including  tampering  are
more  complicated.   First,   the  two  types   of   evaporative control  system
tampering  to  be considered  are  canister disconnect  and fuel  cap  removal.
The  rate  of  canister  disconnect  is  0.0559  (from  Table E-l).   The  rate of
fuel cap  removal  is 0.0118, which  is  the  rate  differences  between  "both

-------
                                     E-10
 canister  and  cap"  and  "canister  disconnect"  categories   (i.e.,  0.0677  -
 0.0559  =  0.0118,  from Table E-l).  The  fraction of the  fleet exhibiting  no
 evaporative control  system tampering  is  0.9323.
 As  mentioned in  Section  E.2  (Step 6),  the  evaporative emissions  impact  is
 estimated  from   the  uncontrolled  emission   rates.    As  can  be  seen  from
 Tables  1.1.9C and 1.1.9D  in Appendix H,  the  uncontrolled  hot soak,  diurnal,
 and   running  loss  emissions  (like   their   nontampered  counterparts)   are
 dependent  on fuel volatility  level,  ambient  temperature,  and  fuel-metering
.technology.   For  simplicity,  a  certification   RVP   level  of  9.0  psi  is
 assumed.   The  diurnal emissions are derived  from the FTP heat  build of  60°
 to  84"F,  the hot soak emissions  are  estimated at 82°F, and  the running  loss
 emissions  are  at an ambient temperature of  80°F.  Further,  to  estimate  hot
 soak  and  diurnal emissions, fleet fractions  of fuel-metering systems (ported
 fuel-injected,   throttle-body  fuel-injected,  and   carbureted)   are   also
 needed.    For  model  year  1982  LDGVs,   the  fleet  fractions  of  these  three
 technology  groups  are   0.063,   0.108,   and   0.829,   respectively   (from
 Table 1.1.10D   of   Appendix  H).    The   calculation   of   the   uncontrolled
 evaporative  emission  rates  (g/test   for hot soak  and  diurnal,  g/mi   for
 running loss) is  presented  below.
     Emission
       Type
Fuel Metering
   System
 Canister  Disconnect

     Hot Soak       Carbureted
                   Fuel-injected
     Diurnal        Carbureted
                   Fuel-injected
     Running Loss   All

 Fuel Cap  Removal

     Hot Soak       Carbureted
                   Fuel-injected
     Diurnal        Carbureted
                   Fuel-injected
     Running Loss   All
Uncontrolled
 Emissions
                    10.36
                     5.20
                    14.70
                    14.70
                     0.52
                     0.0
                     5.20
                    14.70
                    14.70
                     1.23
Fuel-Metering
  Technology
  Fractions
                  0.829
                  0.171
                  0.829
                  0.171
                  1.0
                  0.829
                  0.171
                  0.829
                  0.171
                  1.0
 Combined
Uncontrolled
  Emissions
                  9.478

                 14.700
                  0.520
                  0.889

                 14.700
                  1.230

-------
                                     E-ll
 The   nontampered  hot   soak   and  diurnal  emissions  (g/test)  are  given  in
 Table 1.1.2A of Appendix H.   The  nontampered  g/mi running loss emissions  are
 from   Table 1.1.2C  of  Appendix  H.   Table  E-4  shows  the  calculation  of
 evaporative emissions including tampering.
                                  Table E-4

                    Example Calculation of Evaporative HC
                        Emissions Including Tamperinq
                                   Canister
                       Non-        Disconnect
Fuel Cap
 Removal
             Non-     tampered Combined Tampered Combined Tampered
 Emission  tampered    Fleet   Emission  Fleet   Emission  Fleet    Composite
  Type     Emissions  Fraction   Rate   Fraction   Rate   Fraction  Emissions
Hot Soak       1.80   0.9323     9.478   0.0559   0.889   0.0118
Diurnal        2.29   0.9323    14.700   0.0559  14.700   0.0118
Running Loss   0.24   0.9323     0.520   0.0559   1.230   0.0118
                2.218
                3.130
                0.268

-------

-------
                                  Appendix  F
             CALCULATION PROCEDURE FOR VMT VS. AGE DISTRIBUTIONS
                   FOR HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL-POWERED VEHICLES
 In  MOBILE4,  the  VMT distribution  for  heavy-duty  diesel-powered  vehicles
 (HDDVs)  in  any  given calendar  year  is  calculated  from  the  VMT  vs.   age
 distributions of  four distinct HDDV weight classes.  The  four weight classes
 of diesel-powered trucks are:

                                             Gross Vehicle
                  Class                      Weight   (Lbs)

               2B                            8,500 -  10,000
               Light  (3-5)                  10,001 -  19,500
               Medium (6-8A)                19,501 -  50,000
               Heavy  (8B)                          >  50,000
The annual mileage  accumulation  distributions by age  for  each weight class,
given in Table F-l,  are weighted together by  their  registration fractions in
each  weight   class   to   derive  an   overall  heavy-duty   diesel  mileage
distribution  (under  "weighted  average"  in  Table   F-l)   for  each  calendar
year.   The  registration fractions are  shown  at the bottom of  Table F-l for
calendar year  1988.   These  fractions  are  calculated  from  the  estimated
number of vehicles  in  each  weight class for each calendar  year (for example,
1988), as shown in Table F-2.

-------
                                F-2


                             Table F-l

                Calendar Year 1988 HDDV VMT Example


               Annual Mileage Accumulation Rates

Age
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20 +
Class
2B
17,608
16,217
14,937
13,758
12,671
11,671
10,749
9,901
9,119
8,399
7,736
7,125
6,562
6,044
5,567
5,127
4,723
4,350
4,006
3,690
Registration fractions

0.2113
Light
(3-5)
23,611
20,947
18,583
16,486
14,625
12,975
11,511
10,212
9,059
8,037
7,130
6,325
5,612
4,978
4,416
3,918
3,476
3,084
2.736
2,427
for each
0.0321
Medium
(6-8A)
43,946
40,504
37,332
34,408
31,713
29,229
26,939
24,829
22,885
21,092
19,440
17,918
16,514
15,221
14,029
12,930
11,917
10,984
10,123
9,931
weight class
0.3026
Heavy
(8B)
86,375
79,434
73,051
67,181
61,782
56,817
52,252
48,053
44,191
40,640
37,374
34,371
31,609
29,069
26,733
24,585
22,609
20,792
19,121
17,585
of HDDVs in
0.4540
Weighted
Aver age
56,990
52,418
48,214
44,348
40,792
37,522
34,514
31,749
29,205
26,865
24,713
22,735
20,914
19,240
17,700
16,283
14,980
13.781
12,678
11,665
1988* are:

The  registration  fractions  for  the  four  HDDV  weight  classes  are
calculated from the  total  registrations by class (Table F-2) divided by
the overall HDDV registrations (last column of Table F-2).

-------
               F-3
            Table F-2

Total HDDV Registrations by Class
      for 1980 through 2000
    Total Registrations  (in Millions)
Calendar
Year
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
Class
2B
0.001
0.001
0.047
0.119
0.200
0.309
0.397
0.495
0.599
0.710
0.831
0.956
1.086
1.214
1.341
1.464
1.585
1.702
1.816
1.925
2.030
Light
(3-5)
0.003
0.004
0.009
0.015
0.024
0.041
0.057
0.074
0.091
0.107
0.122
0.136
0.150
0.164
0.176
0.188
0.200
0.211
0.221
0.232
0.241
Medium
(6-8A)
0.536
0.570
0.590
0.609
0.648
0.711
0.761
0.811
0.858
0.902
0.944
0.988
1.033
1.079
1.127
1.175
1.225
1.277
1.328
1.379
1.430
Heavy
(8B)
0.990
1.033
1.049
1.067
1.129
1.189
1.228
1.260
1.287
1.308
1.324
1.340
1.356
1.372
1.387
1.406
1.425
1.447
1.470
1.495
1.522

Overall
1.530
1.608
1.695
1.810
2.001
2.250
2.443
2.640
2.835
3.027
3.221
3.420
3.625
3.829
4.031
4.233
4.435
4.637
4.835
5.031
5.223

-------

-------
                                  Appendix  G
                SAMPLE CALCULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS
This  appendix presents  the  procedure  for  calculating emission factors  in  a
step-by-step  manner.   Although most users  of  motor vehicle emission  factors
should  rely  on  computerized calculations  (such  as  MOBILE4),  this  sample
calculation   may  prove   useful   to   those   becoming  familiar   with   the
methodologies presented  in this document.

For  this  sample calculation,  the  light-duty gasoline-powered vehicle  (LDGV)
hydrocarbon (HC) emissions for January  1, 1988  are  computed.   It is  designed
to  give  the  user  an understanding of  the  logical  sequence of  calculations.
An  inventory  of  motor  vehicle  sources  of   hydrocarbon  emissions   should
include emissions  from the eight vehicle types.   For  each vehicle  type,  the
exhaust emission  factors should be  calculated with the  equations  presented
in  the  corresponding  chapter.   The resultant  exhaust emission factors,  are
first multiplied  by the  fraction of  vehicles-miles-traveled (VMT)  for  the
respective  vehicle  types,  then are  summed up  to  obtain  average  grams  per
mile  exhaust  emission levels  from the  entire highway mobile  source  fleet.
For hydrocarbon emission estimates,  the crankcase  and four other evaporative
HC emissions  (hot  soak and diurnal evaporative,  running  loss,  and  refueling
emissions)  are  also  calculated.   They  are  then  added  to  the  exhaust HC
emission estimates.
G.I  DATA REQUIREMENTS

Before  determining  what  data  are  required,  the  user  should   review  the
conditions under  which vehicles  are  tested  in order  to  ascertain  whether
these  conditions  differ  from  the  locality-specific   ambient  temperature,
average  speeds,   and vehicle  operating  modes  (see  Section  .A.I  in  each
chapter).

The user should determine the following locality specific data:

     1.  Daily  minimum   and   maximum  ambient   temperatures   in   degrees
         Fahrenheit.

     2.  Fractions of January 1 travel, by model year, for  each vehicle type
         (obtained  from  model  year   registration  distributions  and  fleet
         annual mileage accumulation rates).

     3.  The  VMT  mix (fractions  of  total VMT accumulated  by each  vehicle
         type).

-------
                                     G-2
     4.  Percent  of  VMT in  cold start  and  hot start  operating modes  for
         light-duty vehicles, light-duty  trucks,  and  motorcycles.

     5.  The calendar year of evaluation  (January 1 of  that  year).

     6.  The level of in-use fuel volatility.

     7.  Any other data  required  to  utilize additional (optional) correction
         factors.


G.2  DATA USED TO CALCULATE HC EMISSIONS

For this sample calculation, the following  conditions are assumed:

     1.  Daily minimum  and maximum  ambient temperatures  are 60°  and 84°F,
         respectively.

     2.  National  statistics  on  average  fleet  annual  mileage accumulation
         rates and vehicle registration by model  year are used.

     3.  The total hydrocarbon  emissions  (as  opposed to nonmethane  HC)  are
         calculated for the average speed of 30 mph.

     4.  The percentages of VMT in the cold start, stabilized, and hot start
         operating modes are  assumed to be  40%,  30%,  and  30% respectively,
         for light-duty vehicles (both catalyst and non-catalyst).

     5.  The calendar year of evaluation is 1988.

     6.  No I/M or anti-tampering programs.

     7.  A certification fuel volatility level of 9.0 psi is assumed.

     8.  All  other  conditions  are  assumed  to  match  the   vehicle  testing
         conditions.


G.3  CALCULATION OF EXHAUST EMISSION FACTORS

The equations to  calculate  the  exhaust hydrocarbon emission factor for LDGVs
are discussed in Chapter 1.

Since  the  air  conditioning  usage  (ACCFipt),  extra  load (XLCFip),  trailer
towing (TWCFip),  and humidity level for  NOx (HCF) are assumed to match  the
basic test  conditions,  they are  all set  equal  to 1.0  (i.e.,  they  have  no
effect on the calculations).

-------
                                     G-3
 G.3.1   Basic  Exhaust Emission Levels  (BER)

 The  basic  exhaust  emission levels  for LDGVs  are  the emission levels  in  grams
 per  mile,  assuming  the  basic test conditions.   The HC  exhaust  emission
 levels  on January  1,  1988  are listed  in  Table  G-l.   Model  year  specific
 emission   factors  for  selected calendar years  between  1985  and  2020  are
 presented  in Appendix  H,  Tables  R.VT.11A,  11B,  and  11C,  where  R  =  region
 (1 = low altitude,  2  = high  altitude)  and VT = vehicle  type.
G.3.2  Operating-Mode/Temperature  Correction  Factor  (OMTCF)

The  operating-mode/temperature correction factor can  be  calculated manually
using  the generalized  equations  in Chapter  1.   The  OMTCF  values listed  in
Table  G-l are calculated in MOBILE4  for a cold start/stablilized/hot  start
mix  of 40V30%/30%,  and an ambient temperature  of 78°F (representing  a  trip-
and  emission-weighted average  temperature  for  a  day with  60°F  minimum and
84°F maximum  temperatures).
G.3.3  Tampering Offset  (OMTTAM)

The effects of  tampering (rate of each type  of  tampering and the associated
emission  impact)  on  each model  year's  emission  rate  are estimated  and
corrected for temperature  and  operating mode/ listed also  in  Table G-l.
G.3.4  Speed Correction Factor (SALCHF)

The  average speed  used  in this  example is  30  mph.  The  speed correction
factors, used to correct emissions from 19.6 mph to 30 mph,  are  shown in the
column marked  "SALHCF" in  Table G-l.   If any of  the additional correction
factors (AC use, trailer towing, extra load) were used  in  this example, this
is the point at which they would be applied.
G.3.5  Travel Weighting Fractions (TF)

In  order  to  calculate the  fraction  of  annual  travel  by  model  year,  the
fraction  of in-use  vehicles  by  model year are  weighted  on  the  basis of
annual rate  of  mileage accumulation.  In many  cases,  locality  specific data
on   automobile   use  and  registration   are  readily  available.   Whenever
possible, local data  should  be used.  However,  for  purposes of  this sample
calculation,  the  national  average  fraction  of annual  travel  are  used.
(These national average values are presented in Appendix H, Tables R.VT.5,
where R  = region  and VT  =  vehicle type.)   These TF  values, also listed in
Table G-l,  are  used  to  weight the individual  model  year  emission factors
together to form a fleet number.

-------
                                     G-4
G.3.6  Calculated Exhaust Emission Factors

The  final  step  in the  calculation  of  the  exhaust  HC emission  factor for
LDGVs  is   to  multiply  the  basic  emission  level  (BER)  lay  the  operating
mode/temperature   correction   factor  (OMTCF),   add   the   tampering  offset
(OMTTAM),  and then multiply this sum by the  speed correction factor (SALCHF)
and  travel  fraction  (TF).   This  procedure  is  shown in  Table  G-l.   The
emission factor is expressed in units of grams per vehicle mile traveled.

If the pollutant were  CO or NOx,  no further  calculations  would  be needed to
estimate  the  total  exhaust   emission  factor.    However,  for  HC  emission
estimates,  additional  calculations discussed  in  Sections G.3.7  to  G.3.9 also
need to be  performed.

G.3.7  Crankcase and Evaporative HC Emission  Levels (CCEVERT)

To calculate the  crankcase  and evaporative HC emission level, the model year
crankcase   emissions  (CO,  plus  the tampering offsets,  and  hot  soak   (HS),
diurnal (DI),  including tampering  are  required.  The  estimated evaporative
and crankcase emissions  are shown in Table  G-2.   Further, the  fractions  of
annual  travel  by model  year  (TF)  are  also required  (the  same  as  in Section
G.3.5).
G.3.3  Refueling and Running Loss HC Emission Levels

The  estimated  refueling and  running  loss emissions are  shown  in Table G-2.
The  fractions  of annual  travel  by model  year  (TF)  are  also  required (the
same as in Section G.3.5).
G.3.9  Total HC Emission Factors

Summing the emission factors from Sections G.3.6 to G.3.8  gives  the total HC
emission  factor.   For  this example  the  total HC  emission factor  is 3.14
grams/mile (1.788 + 0.654 > 0.300 + 0.397).
I
I

-------
                        G-5
                     Table G-l

    CALCULATION OF EXHAUST HYDROCARBON EMISSION
  FACTOR FOR LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

Ambient Temperature 78°F, Avg. Route Speed 30 mph
           40%  Cold Start/30%  Hot  Start,
                  January 1, 1988
Model
Year(i)
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969
BER
0.277
0.323
0.399
0.470
0.547
0.620
0.840
0.982
1.209
3.675
3.901
4.114
4.316
4.508
5.453
5.551
5.644
8.437
8.629
8.355
OMTCF
1.453
1.403
1.349
1.327
1.319
1.299
1.268
1.255
1.384
1.111
1.109
1.106
1.104
1.102
1.037
1.035
1.034
1.073
1.073
1.060
OMTTAM
0.012
0.019
0.039
0.064
0.087
0.133
0.192
0.248
0.835
0.858
0.927
0.955
1.042
1.075
0.190
0.200
0.070
0.036
0.037
0.0
SALHCF
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.717
0.717
0.706
0.706
0.795
0.798
0.811
0.781
TF
0.0307
0.1209
0.1102
0.0985
0.0879
0.0783
0.0679
0.0598
0.0537
0.0481
0.0427
0.0381
0.0328
0.0280
0.0237
0.0197
0.0167
0.0134
0.0104
0.0185
BEF =
( BER*OMTCF+OMTTAM)
*SALHCF*TF
0.009
0.042
0.046
0.049
0.052
0.054
0.062
0.065
0.098
0.174
0.164
0.153
0.137
0.121
0.098
0.083
0.078
0.097
0.078
0.128
                Exhaust HC (g/mi) =
                                                  1.788

-------
                              Table G-2

          CALCULATION OF TOTAL HYDROCARBON  EMISSION  FACTOR
              FOR LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES

        Hot Soak 80°F,  Diurnal 60 to 84°F, Running Loss 81°F,
           Certification fuel volatility level of 9.0 psi.
                         Calendar Year  1988
Model
Year
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969

BEF
0.009
0.042
0.046
0.049
0.052
0.054
0.062
0.065
0.098
0.174
0.164
0.153
0.137
0.121
0.098
0.083
0.078
0.097
0.078
0.128

CCEVERT
0.147
0.155
0.177
0.215
0.258
0.300
0.345
0.390
0.576
0.620
0.665
1.515
1.593
1.674
1.759
1.846
1.937
2.726
3.556
3.660

Refuel
0.243
0.244
0.248
0.255
0.262
0.266
0.263
0.272
0.291
0.335
0.339
0.370
0.387
0.427
0.473
0.473
0.465
0.469
0.451
0.454

Running
0.254
0.254
0.264
0.275
0.285
0.294
0.303
0.311
0.551
0.559
0.566
0.650
0.656
0.662
0.668
0.673
0.679
0.683
0.715
0.684

TF
0.0307
0.1209
0.1102
0.0985
0.0879
0.0783
0.0679
0.0598
0.0537
0.0481
0.0427
0.0381
0.0328
0.0280
0.0237
0.0197
0.0167
0.0134
0.0104
0.0185
3EF+TF*(CCEVERT+
Refuel ing -t-Runnino;)
0.029
0.121
0.122
0.123
3.123
0.121
0.124
0.123
0.174
0.246
0.231
0.250
0.223
0.199
0.166
0.142
0.130
0.149
0.127
0.217
HC Emissions (g/mi):

       1.788    0.654
0.300
0.397
3.139

-------
                                 Appendix H


                HIGHWAY MOBILE SOURCE EMISSION FACTOR TABLES


All of the emission factor tables for each region and  vehicle  type are given
within  this  appendix.   Each  emission  factor  table  has  a  three  digit
identification table number.  The table numbers have the following format:

         R.VT.fr

where:

         R   indicates the region code,
             1 = Low altitude non-California region, and,
             2 = High altitude non-California region.

         VT  indicates the vehicle type
             1 = LDGV, 2 = LDGT1, 3 = LDGT2, 4 = HDGV,
             5 = LDDV, 6 = LDDT, 7 = HDDV, and,
             8 = MC.

         ft   indicates which of the 16 types of table are referenced.

In  addition  to this  coding scheme  for  the table  numbers,  the table titles
include the  information  to avoid  confusion.   Table  H-l gives  a  summary of
every  table  and  table  number  for  each region.   There  is  a  total  of 150
tables for each of the two regions presented in this appendix.

-------
                                                    H-2

                                                 Table  H-l

                               SUMMARY OF THE EMISSION FACTOR TABLE NUMBERS
                              FOR EACH REGION BY VEHICLE TYPE AND TABLE TYPE

Note:  All table numbers are of the form R.IV.#, where R = Region (1 = low altitude, 2 = high-altitude)
IV = Vehicle type code, and # = the table number within each region and vehicle type set of tables.
                                                                 Vehicle Type Code "IV"
         Table Code "#" Description
Nontampered Basic Exhaust Emissions
Exhaust Emissions at Various Mileage Intervals
Nontampered Crankcase & Evap. HC Emissions
Tampering Offsets of Evap HC at Various Mileages
Nontampered Running Loss Emissions
Refueling Emissions
Idle Emissions
Registration and Mileage Accumulation Rates
Diesel Sales Fractions
Trips per Day and Miles per Day
Example Travel Weighting Fractions
Speed Correction Factor Coefficients

Low Temperature Correction Factor Coefficients
High Temperature Correction Factor Coefficients
Normalized Bag Fractions
Air Conditioning Correction Factor Coefficients
Air Conditioning Fleet Sizes
Extra Load Correction Factors
Trailer Towing Correction Factors
Tampering and Misfueling Rates
Excess Exhaust and Idle Emissions
Excess Crankcase & Uncontrolled Evap. Emissions
Uncontrolled Running Loss Emissions
Methane Offsets
Conversion Factors for Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Emission Control System Technology Distributions
Fuel-Metering System Technology Distributions
By Model Year Nonmethane HC Emission Levels
   Model Year CO Emission Levels
         Year NOx Emission Levels
.1
LDGV
. 1A
.IB
.2A
.28
.2C
.20
.3
.4A
.4C
.5
.6A
.68
.7A
.7B
.7C
.8A
.8B
.8C
.80
.9A
.98
.9C
.90
.10A
.IOC
. 10D
.11A
.11B
• Ijtf
.2
LDGT1
.1A
.IB
.2A
.28
.2C
.20
.3
.4A
.4C
.5
.6A
.6B
.7A
.78
.7C
.8A
.8B
.8C
.80
.9A
.98
,9C
.90
.10A
.IOC
.100
.11A
.11B
k.HC
.3
LDGT2
.1A
.IB
.2A
.2B
.2C
.20
.3
.4A
-
.4C
.5
.6A
.6B
.7A
.78
.7C
.8A
.8B
.8C
.80
.9A
.9B
.9C
.90
.10A
-
.IOC
.100
.11A
.118
.11C
.4
HDGV
,1A
.IB
.2A
.2B
.2C
.20
.3
.4
-
-
.5
.6
-
.7A
.7B
-
-
-
-
-
.9A
.9B
.9C
.90
.10A
.108
.IOC

.11A
.11B
.11C
.5
LDDV
.1
-
—
—
-
-
.3
.4A
.48
-
.5
.6
-
-
-
.7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
.10A
-
-
-
.11A
.118
.11C
.6
LDDT
.1
-
—
—
—
-
.3
.4A
.48
—
.5
.6
-
—
_
.7
—
—
—
-
-
—
-
-
.IDA
-
-
-
.11A
.118
.lie
 .7    .8
HDDV   MC
.1
.3
.4
.5
.6
       .1A

       .2
       .3
       .4
       .5
       .6

       .7A
       .78
       .7C
. 10A
,108
.11A
,11B
, 11C
       .10A
       .11A
       .11B

-------
                                        H-3
                                    TABLE  1.1.1A

                       NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES  FOR
                                    LOW ALTITUDE
                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                      BER = ZML + (DR1 - M),  for M < 50K Miles.
                          = ZML + DR1-S.O * DR2*(M - 5.0),  for M >  50K  Miles

Pol
HC

















CO

















NOx

















WHERE




Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
: BER -
ZML =
DR1 =
DR2 -
M
Zero M1 le
Emission Level
7.250
4.430
3.000
3.380
1 .060
0.360
0.308
0.305
0.257
0.242
0.254
0.265
0.264
0.267
0.269
0.271
0.275
0.278
78.270
56.340
42. 170
40.940
17.720
6.090
3.378
3.376
2.731
2.432
2.611
2.764
2.720
2.757
2.785
2.813
2.870
2.915
3.440
4.350
2.860
2.440
1 .790
1.500
0.651
0.633
0.632
0.663
0.651
0.641
0.647
0.646
0.644
0.642
0.638
0.635
Det. Det.
Rate 1 Rate 2
0. 180 0. 18O
0,250 0.250
0.370 0.370
0.160 0.160
0.280 0.280
0.100 0.100
0.079 0.108
0.074 0.101
0.062 0.085
0.067 0.088
0.063 0.084
0 . 060 0 . 08 1
0 . 060 0 . 08 1
0.059 0.080
0.059 0.079
0 , 058 0 . 078
0.057 0.077
O.O56 0.076
2.250 2.250
2.550 2.550
3.130 3.130
2.350 2.350
2.460 2.460
0.730 0.730
1.147 1.765
1.079 1,616
0.760 1.013
0.840 1.052
0.803 1.014
0.771 0.982
0.786 0.983
0.780 0.973
0.774 0.967
0.769 0.961
0.757 0.949
0.748 0.939
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0 . 050 0 . 050
0 . 040 0 . 040
0. 110 0. 110
0.070 0.070
0.067 0.067
0 . 07 1 0 . 07 1
0.039 0.039
0.035 0.035
0.035 0.035
0.035 0.035
0.034 0.034
0.034 0.034
0 . 034 0 . 034
0 . 034 0 . 034
0.034 0,034
0.034 0.034
Nontampered basic exhaust emission
50 , 000 Mile
Emission Level
8.150
5.680
4.85O
4 . 180
2.460
0.860
0.703
0-675
0.567
0.577
0.569
0.565
0.564
0.562
0.564
0.561
0.560
0.556
89.520
69 . 090
57.820
52.690
30 . 020
9-740
9.113
8.771
6.531
6.633
6.626
6.619
6.65O
6.657
6.655
6.658
6- 655
6.655
3.44O
4.350
3.110
2.640
2.34O
1 .850
0.986
0.988
0.827
0.838
0.826
0.816
0.817
0.816
0.814
0.812
0.808
0.805
100.000 Mi le
Emission Level
9.O50
6.930
6.700
4.980
3.860
1 .360
1 .243
1 . 180
0.992
1 .017
0.989
0.970
0.969
0.962
0.959
0.951
0.945
0.938
100.770
8 1 . 840
73.470
64 . 440
42.320
1 3 . 390
17.938
16.851
1 1 . 596
11.892
1 1 . 696
11.529
1 1 . 565
11 .522
1 1 . 490
11 .463
11 .400
1 1 . 350
3.440
4.350
3.360
2.840
2.890
2.200
1 ,321
1 .343
1 .022
1 ,013
1.001
0.991
0.987
0.986
0.984
0.982
0.978
0.975
rates m grams/mile,
Zero mile level in grams/mile.
Deterioration
Deterioration
Cumulative mi
rate for < 50K mi les,
rate for > 50K miles,
leage / 10.000 miles.
in grams/ml le/10K
in grams/m1le/10K

mi les,
mi les.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                       H-4

                                   TABLE  1.1.1B

                            EXHAUST EMISSION  RATES FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE  TAMPERING)
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1968
1966-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1967
1986
1989
1990
1991
1992+
CO Pre-1966
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973
1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Emission

7
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
78
56
42
	 OK
.250
.430
.000
.380
.380
.166
. 172
.172
. 179
,477
.320
.317
.268
.253
.265
.276
.275
.278
.280
.282
.286
.289
.270
.340
.170
40.940
40
18
18
18
18
7
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
4
2
2
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.940
.700
.761
.761
.823
.164
.443
.440
.793
.481
.660
.813
.769
.806
.834
.862
.919
.964
.440
.350
.922
.930
.635
.987
.726
.654
.636
.635
.667
.655
.645
.651
.650
.648
.646
.642
.639

7
5
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
63
62
50
46
47
26
26
26
26
10
6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
3
4
3
3
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25K
.700
.058
.928
,785
.796
.044
.058
.058
,073
.915
.557
.541
.462
.456
.458
.460
.459
.459
.461
.461
.462
.463
.895
.776
.059
.943
.200
.575
.664
.664
.754
.667
.636
.454
.990
.840
.927
.975
.957
.979
.992
-O07
.034
.057
.440
.350
.083
.095
.848
.376
.031
.848
.840
.760
.787
.775
.765
.768
.767
.765
.763
.759
.756

8.
5.
4.
4,
4.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1 .
0.
0,
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0,
0.
0.
89.
69.
58.
53.
S3.
35.
35.
35.
35.
14.
10.
9.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
7.
3,
4.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
1 .
1 .
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
50K
150
689
859
199
236
957
975
970
991
393
813
783
672
675
667
659
656
654
656
653
652
650
520
298
037
126
998
140
167
047
134
946
124
746
437
433
427
321
302
309
307
310
307
307
440
350
244
260
061
765
337
055
058
899
922
910
9OO
900
899
897
895
891
888
Rate (Grams/Mile)
75K
8.600
6. 321
5.791
4.612
4 .675
3.876
3.899
3.886
3,915
1 .885
1.218
1 . 167
1-008
1 ,01 1
0.993
0.965
0.956
0.952
0.951
0.946
0.942
0.938
95. 145
75.820
66.015
59 . 309
60.796
43.817
43.781
43 . 5O4
43.607
19.451
16.415
15.571
11.572
1 1 . 546
11 .445
10.947
10.775
10.757
10.740
10.728
10.695
10.670
3.440
4.350
3.405
3.426
3.273
3. 154
2.642
1 .312
1.326
1.089
1 .116
1 . 104
1 .094
1 .090
1 .089
1 .087
1.085
1 .081
1 .078
100K
9.050
6.952
6.722
5.025
5. 1 15
4.796
4.825
4.803
4.840
2.382
.623
.550
.344
,347
.319
.272
.257
.250
.247
.239
.233
.226
100.770
82.342
73.993
65.491
67 . 594
52.521
52.423
51.979
52.103
24.011
22 . 705
21.395
15.7O6
15.660
15.464
14.574
14.248
14.205
14. 173
14. 146
14.083
14.033
3.440
4.350
3.565
3.591
3.486
3.542
2.948
1 .569
1.594
1.279
1,310
1 .298
1.288
1.279
1.278
1.276
1.274
1.270
1.267

9
7
7
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
2
1
1








1
106
88
81
71
74
61
61
60
60
26
29
27
19
19
19
18
17
17
17
17
17
17
3
4
3
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
125K
.500
.584
.654
.438
.554
.721
.752
.722
.768
.878
.029
.935
.681
.684
.646
.579
.557
.546
.542
.532
.523
.514
.395
.863
.971
.674
.392
.236
.077
.468
.613
.578
.008
.231
.850
.781
.490
.205
.725
.657
.610
.568
.475
.400
.440
.350
.726
.756
.699
.931
.253
.826
.861
.470
.504
.492
.482
.469
.468
.466
.464
.460
.457
150K
9.950
8.215
8.585
5.851
5.994
6.644
6.679
6.641
6.695
3.375
2.438
2.322
2.021
2.023
1 .975
1 .887
1 .859
1 .847
1 .839
1.826
1 .815
1.803
112. 020
95.385
89.949
77.857
81.190
69.957
69.737
68.964
69 . 1 30
33.150
35.332
33.086
24.009
23.916
23.530
21 .846
2 1 . 209
21.116
21 .054
20.997
20.874
20.774
3.440
4.350
3.887
3.922
3.91 1
4.320
3.559
2.083
2.129
1.660
1 .698
1.686
1.676
1.659
1.658
1.656
1.654
1.650
1 .647
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-5
                              TABLE  1.1.2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

node)
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971
1972-1977
1978-1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+

Crankcase
(Gm/Mi le)
4.10
0.80
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
— RVP =
Hot Soak
(Cm/Test)
14.67
14.67
14.67
10.91
8.27
2.46
1 .90
1.80
1.67
1.54
1.38
1-25
1.16
1.10
1.07
1.04
0.99
0.95
9.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
26.08
26.08
26.08
16.28
8.98
5-16
2.31
2.29
2.25
2.22
2.12
2.05
2.00
.95
.93
• 91
.86
.84
--- RVP =
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
22.45
22.45
22.45
16.15
12.32
4.30
3-69
3-51
3-30
3.08
2.98
2.85
2.80
2.78
2.75
2.77
2.77
2.74
11 .5 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
47-99
47-99
1*7.99
38.58
23.53
14.47
8.86
8.77
8.63
8.50
8.12
7.85
7-65
7-46
7.^1
7-31
7.14
7-04
* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

DATE :  MAY ig, 1989

-------
                                   H-6
                               TABLE 1.1. 2B

                        TAMPERING OFFSETS FOR TOTAL
                  CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HC EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                       AT VARIOUS MILEAGE INTERVALS
Model
Fuel RVP Years
9.0 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
199 H
11.5 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1973
197^-1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+

OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
o.o
0.0
0,0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Tamper i
25K
0.0
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.0
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
ng Offset (Grams/Mile)**
50K
0.0
0.01
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.07
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.0
0.01
0.05
0.07
0.07
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
75K
0.0
0.02
0.06
0.09
0.09
0.13
0.13
0.11
0.11
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.0
0.02
0.09
0.13
0.13
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.11
100K
0.0
0.03
0.09
0.13
0.13
0.18
0.18
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.11
0.0
0.03
0.13
0.19
0.19
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.20
0.19
0.18
0,17
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
125K
0.0
0.04
0.12
0.17
0.17
0.24
0.24
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.0
0.04
0.17
0.24
0.24
0.31
0.31
0.30
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
150K
0.0
0.05
0.15
0.21
0.21
0.29
0.29
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.0
0.05
0.21
0.30
0.30
0.38
0.38
0-37
0.36
0.35
0.34
0.31
0.30
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.27
0.26
0.26
 * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal  temperature rise from 60.0 to 84.OF,
   Fuel  RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank level of

** Based on averages of 4.21 trips per day and 25.35 miles per day.

 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
40.0%.

-------
                                  H-7

                              TABLE 1.1.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Model Fuel RVP
Years (psi)
Pre-1971 7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7
1971-1977 7.0
9-0
10.4
11.7
1978-1980 7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7
1981+ 7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7

80. OF
0.36
0.58
1.06
2.88
0.30
0.49
0.85
2.15
0.24
0.39
0.68
1.72
0.15
0.24
0.42
1.16
Emission Rate
87. OF
0.52
1.50
2.70
3-85
0.49
1.15
2.04
2.85
0.42
1.20
1.70
2.30
0.20
0.40
0.97
1.60
(Grams/Mi le)
_9j.OF
1.13
2.62
4.00
8.20
1.04
2.37
2.96
5-97
0.97
2.21
2.38
4.79
0.30
0.70
1.66
3.40

105. OF
2.16
4.81
5.63
13-64
1.60
3.60
4.10
9-87
1.39
2.88
3-23
7-90
0.65
2.05
2.52
5.65
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-8

                             TABLE  1.1.20

                       REFUELING  EMISSIONS* FOR
                             LOW  ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES


Model Fuel
Years (mi
Pre-1970
1970
1971
1972
1973-197**
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989-1991
1992
1993-1996
1997-1999
2000+


Economy
les/oai)
12.7
12.8
12.3
12.lt
12.2
13.5
lfc.9
15-6
17-0
17-2
19-8
21.2
21.9
21.7
22.0
22.6
23-3
23.6
23-7
23-6
23.6
23-5
23-1*
23-3


Uncontrol led
(grams/mi le)
0.1*5
0.1*5
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.39
0-37
0.31*
0.31*
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.21*
0.21*
0.2k
0.2k
0.25
0.25
0.25
With
Volatility
Control**
(arams/mi le)
0.1*5
0.1*5
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*3
0-39
0.37
0.31*
0.31*
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.21*
0.21*
0.21*
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.20

With
Onboard**
^grams/mi le)
0.1*5
O.i»5
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.39
0.37
0.31*
0.31*
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.21*
0.21*
0.21*
0.2A
0.02
0.02
0.02
With both
Volati 1 ity
and Onboard**
(grams/mi le)
0.1*5
0.1*5
0.1*7
0.1.7
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.39
0.37
0.31*
0.31*
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.21*
0.21*
0.21*
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
•
* Refueling Emissions (g/mi) = [Displacement  (g/gal)
  + Spillage (g/gal)] / Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with 7.0/7.8/9-0 RVP fuels
   for ASTM class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed to start  in  1993.
   and apply to LDGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989
                                                                                         I

-------
                                             H-9

                                         TABLE  1.1.3

                        HOT  STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES


                                               Emission Rate (Grams/Hour)
Mooei
Pol Years
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972- 1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992 +
CO Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
^ 1977-1979
\ 1980
W 1981
W 1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+

Zero Mile
79.20
64.20
32.40
43.20
18.00
15.92
5. 19
4.05
4.02
4.91
4.54
4.31
3.62
3.44
3.37
3.35
3.34
3.32
3.29
825.60
839.40
710.40
759.60
360 . 00
303.37
56.71
22 . 56
25.63
35. 17
30.36
31 .77
26.23
25.08
24.07
23.71
23.24
22.38
21 .78
5.40
10.20
8.40
15.60
3.98
7,23
6.65
6.41
2.07
2.00
1 .93
1 .78
1 .72
1.66
1 .64
1 .62
1 .57
1 .54

50.000 Mile
68.20
82.20
53.40
64.20
39.00
40.90
10.81
10. 12
9.73
9.72
9.59
9.21
8.42
8.25
8. 15
8. 15
8.09
6.04
7.97
945.60
1028.40
974.40
967.60
6 1 5 . 00
524.48
101.26
112.38
109. 15
98.22
97.92
86.00
57.20
53.05
49.74
46.41
47. 11
44.39
42.33
5.40
10.20
6.40
15.60
3.98
7.23
6.85
6.41
2.07
2.00
1.93
1.78
1.72
1.66
1.64
1.62
1.57
1.54

100,000 Mile
97 .20
100.20
74.40
85.20
60.00
65.89
16.42
18.50
17.63
16.04
15.91
15.59
14.89
14.75
14.67
14.66
14.58
14.58
14.52
1065.60
1217.40
1238.40
1 2 1 5 . 60
870 . 00
745.58
145.79
260.77
244.31
185.98
187.24
171.31
139. 14
134.31
129.72
127.74
125.79
121.75
118.63
5.40
10.20
8.40
15.60
3.96
7.23
6.85
6.41
2.07
2.00
1 .93
1 .78
1 .72
1 .66
1 .64
1.62
1 .57
1.54
                                                                           In-use Level- 	
                                                                    50.OOP Mile    10O.OOO Mill
                                                                        89.55
                                                                        83.55
                                                                        54 .75
                                                                        65.55
                                                                        40.35
                                                                        42.25
                                                                        12. 16
                                                                        1 1 .47
                                                                        11 .08
                                                                        11 .07
                                                                        10.94
                                                                        10.56
                                                                         9.77
                                                                         9.60
                                                                         9.50
                                                                         9.50
                                                                         9. 44
                                                                         9.39
                                                                         9.32

                                                                       951.66
                                                                      1034.46
                                                                       980.46
                                                                       993.66
                                                                       621.06
                                                                       530.53
                                                                       107.32
                                                                       118.44
                                                                       115.20
                                                                       104.28
                                                                       103.98
                                                                        92.06
                                                                        £3.26
                                                                        59. 10
                                                                        55.79
                                                                        54.47
                                                                        53.16
                                                                        50.45
                                                                        48.38

                                                                         5.43
                                                                        10.23
                                                                         8.43
                                                                        15.63
                                                                         4 .01
                                                                         7.26
                                                                         6.88
                                                                         e .44
                                                                         2. 10
                                                                         2.03
                                                                           96
                                                                           81
                                                                           75
                                                                           69
                                                                           67
                                                                           65
                                                                          1.60
                                                                          1.57
 102.80
 105.80
  60.00
  90.80
  65.60
  71.49
  22.02
  24 . 11
  23.24
  21.64
  21 .51
  21.20
  20.49
  20.35
  20.28
  20.26
  20. 19
  20. 18
  20. 12

1099.83
1251.63
1272.63
1249.63
 904.23
 779.81
 180.02
 295.01
 278.54
 220.22
 221.47
 205.55
 173.37
 168.55
 163.95
 161.97
 160.03
 155.99
 152.86

   5.55
  10.35
   8.55
  15.75
   4.13
   7.38
   7.00
   6.56
   2.22
   2.15
   2.O8
    .93
    .87
    .81
    .79
    .77
    .72
    .69
*  In-use emission level  includes tampering.

 ATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                 H-10
 Model
 Year
Index**
                     TABLE 1.1.4A

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     LOW ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
	(per vehicle*)	(fleet)
  i
  2
  3
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 17
 18
 19
 20+
    0.062
    0.082
    0.079
    0.075
            0.071
    0.067
    0.063
    0.060
    0.056
    0.052
    0.045
    0.041
    0.037
    0.033

    0.029
    0.026
    0.-022
    0.018
    0.03**
13118.
12408.
11737.
11103.
10503.

 9935.
 9398.
 8409.
 7954.

 7524.
 7117.
 6733.
 6369.
 6024.

 5698.
 5390.
 5099-
 4823-
 4562.
0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071

0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052

0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033

0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
13118.
12940.
12240.
11578.
10953-

10361.
 9801.
 9271.
 8769-
 8295.

 7846.
 7422.
 7021.
 6642.
 6283.

 5943-
 5621.
 5317.
 5030.
 4758.
                                       Jan  1
                                      Mi leage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
  1640.
  9816.
 22403.
 34309.
 45571-

 56225-
 66303.
 75837.
 84854.
 93383-

101452.
109084.
116303.
123133.
129593-

135704.
141484.
146951.
152124.
157016.
   I
4
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local  area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model  year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model  year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l) * MAR(1)  and,
            JMAR(MYI) - .25*WAR(MYI)  + .75**AR(MYI-1),  MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                   H-11


              TABLE  1.I.4C


 TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
              LOW ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES



 Model Year

   lndex*   Trips Per Day   Miles  per
                                 33-53
                  -k*            30.01
      7          ii?            28-39
      I          ^31            26.85
      9          i-fs            25-4°
     i?          ?''9            21*-°2
     10          4-13            22 73
     !i          *-0«            21 50
      2          4'02            20.33
      3          3-96            19.|J
     J          3-90            18.20
     I          3'8o            17'21
     J          3-78            i6.28
     7          3-72            15.40

     9          J1?            U'57
                33:S
                                recent
             'es  In a"y 9iven calendar year.
         1 references the newest model year
  veh.cles and index 20* references the oldest
  model year vehicles.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                     H-12

                                 TABLE 1.1.5

               EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                 LOW ALTITUDE
                     LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                               JANUARY 1, 1988

m
(B)
\ f~*f t — I
Model LDV Fleet Sales
Yoare Ren i et rat i on Fraction
T co r 9 r\r
ioRR
J r~vO LTl-9"
) OO OO OO OO
r\ en en en en
1983
.1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0 021
\J • W ^ 1
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.01*8
0.01*5
0.01*1
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.031*
0.990
" * J ^ ^
0.996
0.996
0.991
0.988
0.986
0.961
0.91*0
0-955
0-971*
0.991
0.997
0.997
0.997
0.997
0.998
0.998
0.999
1.000
1.000
(C>
*A*B/DAF)
(D)
(C*D/TFNORM)
LDGV Annual Mileage Travel
(A*B^ R^errarion Accrual Rate (C*D) Fractions
0.020
0.082
0.079
0.071*
0.070
0.066
0.061
0.056
0.053
0.051
0.01*8
0.01*5
0.01*1
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
•0.031*
0.022
0.086
0.083
0.079
0.071*
0.070
0.061*
0.060
0.057
0.051*
0.050
0.01*8
0.01.3
0.039
0.035
0.031
0.027
0.023
0.019
0.036
13118.
1291*0.
122UO.
11578.
10953-
10361.
9801.
9271.
8769.
8295-
781*6.
71*22.
7021.
661*2.
6283.
591*3-
5621.
5317.
5030.
1*758.
281*. 2
1119.1
1019-8
911.2
813.6
721*. 8
628.3
553.7
1*96.6
1*1*1*. 9
395.2
352.6
303-9
259- *
218.9
182.1
151*. i»
123-7
95-9
171-3
0.031
0.121
0.110
0.098
0.088
0.078
0.068
0.060
0.051*
0.01*8
0.01*3
0.038
0.033
0.028
0.021*
0.020
0.017
0.013
0.010
0.019
                       DAF:  O.$kk
                                                     TFNORM:   9253-6
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
        = January 1  registration mix from Table 1.1. 1*A,
        - Gasoline fleet sales fractions.
        - Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 1.1
NOTE :  In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
       calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
       for almost every model year.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                             H-13
                                         TABLE 1.1.6A

                    SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                               * SCF(s.sadj) - SF(s)/SF(sadJ )

                  SF(s) = EXP(A * B*s * C*s**2+ 0*S**3+ E*s*+4+ F*s**5). HC & CO
                        « A + B*S + C*s**2+ D*s**3+ E*S**4 + F*s**5. NDx
Pol lutant
and
Model Years
HC
Pre-1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
CO
Pre-1968
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
NOx
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976


0
0
O
0
O
O.
O.
O.

0.
O.
0.
O.
0
O.
O
O.

O.
0.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
A

231O26E+01
239726E+01
24O873E+01
223217E+O1
225223E+O1
23494BE+O1
268382E+O1
239540E+O1

233969E+O1
246551C+01
277B04E+01
27BB99E+O1
27O743E+01
2684S4E+01
283929E+0*
24B747E+01

168635E+O1
122677EKM
1O1743E+O1
987600E+00
1159I7E+O1
128169E+O1
78 3838 E +00
942131E+OO


-O.
-O.
-o.
-O.
-0.
-0.
-O
-O.

-O.
-O.
-O.
-O.
-0.
-O.
-o.
-O.

-O.
-O,
-o.
-0,
-O.
-O.
O.
-O.
B

289572E+OO
299985 E +OO
308187E+OO
284985E+OO
28777BE+00
3O4959E+OO
344633E+OO
33578 1E*00

2 96978 E +OO
30502 3 E +OO
319130E+OO
327107E+OO
33 1 038 E +00
332817E+OO
368756E+OO
391562E+OO

1 183O3E+00
44497BE-01
1 1B95BE-O1
195674E-O1
444536E-O1
BO4874E-01
32B549E-03
42324OE-01


O.
O.
O.
0.
0,
0.
O.
O.

O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.

O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
o.
0.
C

15299OE-O1
161351E-01
168t68E-Ot
153B33E-O1
156B20E-01
(6B416E-O1
195417E-O1
211609E-O1

16007IE-O1
160497E-01
153183E-01
162943E-01
176179E-01
176277E-01
21O782E-01
27O721E-0*

654975E-02
262476E-O2
914365E-O3
169645E-O2
296425E-O2
535735E-02
106O29E-O2
386253E-O2


-o
-o
-O
-0
-0
-o
-0
-o

-O
-O
-O
-O
-0
-O
-o
-O

-O
-0
-O
-O
-o
-O
-O
-O
0

.446689E-O3
.487491E-O3
.506843E-O3
.456738E-O3
.473179E-O3
.509623E-03
.625720E-03
.73155OE-03

.477396E-03
.473969E-O3
.422327E-O3
.467573E-O3
.538583E-O3
.524123E-03
.676438E-03
.976178E-03

. 137139E-O3
.567150E-04
.21574OE-04
.4O4OOOE-04
.66699OE-04
. 1 1669 IE -03
.31935OE-04
.939853E-04
E

0.648183E-05
O.729093E-05
0.753855E-O5
0.6734B6E-05
0 707954E-05
0.759516E-05
0 978442E-O5
O. 120715E-O4

O.706752E-O5
O 699O75E-O5
O 584948E-05
O 671906E-O5
O B174O2E-O5
O.772221E-05
O. 106267E-04
0. 165270E-04

0. 1OOB49E-O5
0.434293E-06
O. 1B23OOE-O6
0.32B001E-O6
O.522365E-06
O.9O1060E-06
O.290389E 06
O.753883E-O6


-0
-o
-o.
-o
-O
-0
-O
-0

-o
-0
-o.
-o
-o
-o
-o.
-o

o
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
F

. 363456E-O7
419769E-07
.43t596E-O7
38379BE-O7
408456E-O7
434963E-O7
583369E-07
748567E-O7

4O3978E-O7
39975BE-O7
314969E-07
374401E-07
4778O3E-07
437025E-07
.636405E-O7
104317E-06

.0
.0
.0
.0
0
o
o
o
* WHERE :    s    = average speed (mph).
            sadj - basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction of cold start operation x
                   and fraction of hot start operation w, {1/sadj = (w+x)/26 + (l-w-x)/16].
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                H-14
                            TABLE 1.1.SB


             SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                            LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                  - SCF(s.sadj) = SF(s)/SF(sadj)


                    SF(s) = A/s + B, HC & CO
                          = EXPU + B»s * C-S""2),  NOx
Pollutant
   HC
          High
   CO
          High
   NOx
* WHERE:
                  1977+
                  1977+
                     S.10000
0.0
Low 1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
490.98633
107.24390
113.27760
117.23621
87.77820
91.78729
73.35860
33.19730
30.11700
27.55679
26.51669
25.47659
23.35629
21.71620
-1 .97820
0.96562
0.86151
0.75511
-0.14450
-0, 10426
0 . 6002 1
2.14936
2.39638
2.60169
2.68510
2 . 76850
2.93853
3 . 07006
                    60.00000
0.0

Speea
Low













Model
Years
1977-1979
1980
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992 +
Coefficient
A
37.95604
10.60380
10.82023
10. 88869
8.74266
8.92062
7.76209
5.23198
4.98885
4.78677
4 . 70467
4.S2258
4.45523
4.32577
B C
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.07927
-0 , 08068
-0.06197
-0.02100
-0.01610
-0.01203
-0.01037
-0.00872
-0.00535
-0.00274
All 1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
1.04330
0.18957
0 . 209O6
0.22795
-0.02994
-0.03852
-0 . 04694
-0.06606
-0.07443
-0.06138
-0.08420
-0 . 08703
-0.09279
-0.09724
-0.026082
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.023254
-0.022703
-0.023881
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
0.00042835
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00017100
O.OO016500
0.00017700
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.0002048S
0.00020485
0 . 0002O485
0.00020485
0.00020485
s    - average soeed (mph),
sadj • basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction
       of cold start operation x and fraction of hot
       start operation w, [1/sadj - (w+x)/26 + d-w-x)/l6],
 Low • average speed < 19.6 mph.
High * average speed > 19.6 mph.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                              M-15

                          TABLE  1.1.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

             • TCF(1) = TC(1)-(T - 75.0). 1980+ CO.
            TCF(b) = EXP  [ TC(D)-(T - 75.0)  ]. all others
Pol  Model Years
HC      Pre-1968
       1968-1969
       1970-1971
       1972-1974
       1975-1979
          1980
          1981
          1982
          1983
          1984
          1985
          1986
          1987
          1988
          1989
          1990
          1991
          1992+
CO
NOx
 Pre-1968
1968-1939
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
  1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+

 Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
  1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+
Test Segment 1
  -0.20623E-01
  -0.24462E-01
  -0.21255E-01
  -0.21427E-01
  -0.23517E-01
  -0.26820E-01
  -0.32775E-01
  -0.32082E-01
  -0.36438E-01
  -0.35578E-01
  -0.32581E-01
  -0.30518E-01
  -0.28966E-01
  -0.27479E-01
  -0.27110E-01
  -0.26217E-01
  -0.24B79E-01
  -0.24123E-01

  -0.13487E-01
  -0.21126E-01
  -0.2O843E-01
  -0.19091E-01
  -0.24835E-01
  -0.12448E+01
  -0.1309SE+01
  -0.12840E+01
  -0.11767E+01
  -0.11670E+01
  -0.106S9E+01
  -0.10037E+01
  -0.95141E+00
  -0.89850E+00
  -0.88826E+00
  -0.85298E+00
  -0.80405E+00
  -0.77959E+00

  -0.16897E-03
  -0.25074E-03
   0.388555-02
  -0.45504E-04
  -0.76044E-02
  -0.19000E-02
  -0.45479E-02
  -0.47657E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.4325BE-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
  -0.43258E-02
                           Test Segment2
                             -0.24032E-02
                             -0.32017E-02
                             -0.52755E-03
                             -0.39442E-03
                             -O.B8057E-02
                             -0.75815E-02
                             -0.83176E-02
                             -0.85130E-02
                             -0.75058E-02
                             -0.81946E-02
                             -0.81979E-02
                             -0.84082E-02
                             -0.83924E-02
                             -0.82775E-02
                             -0.83525E-02
                             -0.81568E-02
                             -0.80O63E-02
                             -0.80347E-02
                                     0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0,
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
   1S784E-02
   15289E-02
 0.59951E-02
 0.42373E-03
 O.B8336E-02
   12478E-01
   14584E-01
 0.14584E-01
 0,13677E-01
   14721E-01
   14836E-01
-0.15221E-01
-0.15255E-01
-0.1514QE-01
-0.15264E-01
-0.1S01OE-01
-0.14838E-01
-0.14907E-01
                                     0.89245E-02
                                     0.59791E-02
                                     0.24156E-02
                                        12575E-02
                                     0.68045E-02
                                     0.61656E-02
                                     0.74B23E-02
                                     0.69890E-O2
                                     0.973O4E-O2
                                     0.94139E-02
                                     0.85291E-02
                                     0.79012E-O2
                                     0.74446E-02
                                     0.70163E-02
                                     0.69007E-02
                                     0.66551E-02
                                     0.62738E-02
                                     O.60484E-02
-0
              Test Segment 3
                -0.10081E-02
                -0.86884E-03
                 0.93659E-03
                 0.49731E-02
                -0.16222E-02
                -0.51660E-02
                -0.90264E-02
                -0.90264E-02
                -0.60426E-02
                -0.66347E-02
                -0.66579E-02
                -0.6851OE-02
                -0.68481E-02
                -0.67604E-02
                -O.S8268E-02
                -0.66662E-02
                -0.65473E-02
                -0.65766E-02
                                                    -0
   11097E-02
   15749E-02
   18253E-02
   57982E-02
   11553E-02
0.7410SE-02
0.11371E-01
0.11371E-01
0.90777E-02
0.9O777E-02
0.90777E-02
0.9O777E-02
0.90777E-02
0.90777E-02
0.90777E-02
   90777E-02
0.90777E-02
0.90777E-02
                -0
0-725BOE-02
0.62690E-02
  21188£-02
•0.53153E-03
•0.54198E-02
•0.49643E-02
•0.90882E-02
•0.9O882E-02
•0.10136E-01
•0.10O636-01
•0.92968E-02
•0.88139E-02
-0.84137E-02
•0.80O91E-02
•0.79307E-02
•0.76610E-02
•0.72869E-02
•0.7O998E-02
  WHERE
    TCF(b) • Low temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature (< 75F), and model year, for test segment b.
    T      * Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)  = Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The low temperature correction factor is used  in conjunction with
       the correction factor given m Table 1.1.7C.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
 HC
 CD
                                      H-16

                                  TABLE  1.1.7B

             HIGH (>  75F)  TEMPERATURE  CORRECTION  FACTOR  COEFFICIENTS
                         AND  FUEL  RVP  CORRECTION  FACTORS
                                FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED  VEHICLES

                   -  TCF(b)  = EXP  [  TC(b)*(T -  75.0)  ].  Pre-1980
               TRCF(b)  = EXP  [  RC(b)-(RVP - 9.0)  +  TC(b)*(T  -  75.0)
                         * TRC(b)*(RVP - 9.0)*(T  -  75.0) ],  1980+
Pol  Model  Years
  NOx
 Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980-1982
        1983+
 Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980-1982
         1983-t
 Pre-1968
 19S8-197a
 1973-1974
 1975-1976
 1977-1979
 1980-1982
         1983+
            Parameter

               TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
  RC
  TC
 TRC
  RC
  TC
 TRC
                             Test Segment 1   Test Segment 2  Test Segment 3
0.14381E-01
0.12552E-01
0.10888E-01
0.66107E-02
0.14095E-01
0.91402E-01
   44270E-02
   29466E-02
   23202E-01
                                0.
                                0.
                                0.
                                0.0
                                0.0
-0.
-0.
                               -0
   14S91E-01
   38767E-01
 0.21165E-01
 0.1314SE-01
   19612E-01
 0.91345E-01
 0.62182E-02
 0.0
 0.40748E-01
 0.35170E-02
 0.0

 0.38841E-02
-0.10389E-02
-0.1B301E-01
-0.71420E-02
-0.26153E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.14219E-01
 0.0
 0.0
                0. 13219E-O2
                0.42667E-02
               -0.47925E-03
                0.26288E-02
                0.26179E-01
                0.42060E-01
                0.48358E-02
                0.0
                0.15373E+00
                0.86550E-02
                0.0
                                                0.
                                                0.
 0.37462E-02
 0.84685E-02
 0.23603E-01
 0.24717E-01
 0.48537E-01
   13968E+OO
   14943E-01
 0.0
 0.26214E+OO
 0.1496SE-01
 0.56416E-02

-0.87325E-02
-0.92466E-02
-0.10925E-01
-O.B791OE-02
-0.18603E-01
-0.40024E-O1
 0.0
 0.0
 0.27491E-01
 0.377B9E-02
 0.0
                0.34799E-02
                0.75843E-02
                0.76666E-02
                0.12320E-01
                0.24297E-01
                0.93179E-01
                0.74688E-02
                0.47276E-02
                0.13263E+00
                0.83730E-02
                0.56009E-02
                                                                0.
                                                                0.
 0.11014E-01
 0.25179E-01
  .28483E-01
  .25848E-01
 0.31439E-01
 0.16322E+00
 0.14923E-01
 0.0
 0.23218E+00
 0.20695E-01
 0.82344E-02

-0.10B39E-01
-0.1010BE-01
-0.18042E-01
-0.75470E-02
-0.2087BE-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 * WHERE :
     TCF(b) * High temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
              ambient temperature,  and model  year, for test segment b,
     T      = Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
     TC(b)   - High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
              pollutant, temperature, and model year, for test segment b,
     TRCF(b)* High temperature and fuel RVP correction  factor
              for appropriate pollutant, ambient temperature, fuel RVP.
              and model year, for test segment b.
     RC(b)   = Fuel RVP correction factor coefficient for appropriate
              pollutant, fuel RVP, and model  year, for test segment b,
     RVP    * Fuel volatility 1n psl,
     TRC(b) = Combined temperature and fuel RVP correction factor coefficient
              for appropriate pollutant, fuel RVP, ambient temperature,
              and model year, for test segment b.

  NOTE  . The temperature correction factor  1s used  1n conjunction with
        the correction factor given  m Table 1.1. 7C.
 DATE  : MAY  19.  1989

-------
                                            H-17
                                        TABLE  1.1,7C

                       NORMALIZED BAG  FRACTIONS  FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  VEHICLES
Normal ized
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992 +
CO Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1981
1982
»19B3
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Test Segment 1
B1 011
1 .2820 0.0250
1 .3450 0.0740
1 .3450 0. 1780
1 .3890 0.0440
1 .9360 0.3240
2.2000 0.7140
2.4510 0.4547
2.4402 0.4320
2.4754 0.4360
2.6207 O.S239
2.6438 0.4458
2.6599 0.3854
2.7111 0.3905
2.7307 0.3728
2.7345 0.3621
2.7383 0.3515
2.7457 0.3303
2.7513 0.3143
1 .2770 0.0330
1 .4420 0.0710
1 .5530 0. 1090
1 .4020 0.0540
1 .8100 0. 1490
2.3970 0.2770
2.8171 0.6155
2.7447 0.6031
2.8699 0.4792
2.8689 0.6010
2.7500 0.5075
2.6623 0.4372
2.6277 0.4480
2.5906 0.4291
2.5747 0.4169
2.5591 0.4049
2.5280 0.3811
2.5048 0.3633
1. 1210 0.0090
1 . 1610 0.0
1 .2470 0.0240
1.2950 0.0250
1 .3770 0.0500
1 .3130 0.0470
1 .7037 0.0896
1 .6886 0. 1007
1 .5084 0.0673
1 .5590 0.0545
1.5619 0.0584
1 .5638 0.0619
1 . 5800 0 . 0590
1 .5856 0.0593
1.5865 0.0599
1.5874 0,0605
1.5892 0.0617
1 , 59O6 O.O627
NOTE : The fractions given in
temperature correction
WHERE : OMTCF [(TERM1 *
D12






0.5919
0.5629
0.6417
0.7405
0.6159
0.5201
O . 5 1 54
0.4838
0.4665
0.4494
0.4153
0.3897






0.8042
0.7700
0.5760
0.6754
0 . 609 1
0.5592
0.5709
0.5586
0.5500
0.5415
0.5247
0.5122






0 . OB96
0. 1007
0.0673
0.0545
0.0584
0.0619
0 . 0590
0.0593
0.0599
0.0605
0.0617
0.0627
Test Segment 2
B2
0.9730
0.9460
0.9190
0 . 9030
0.7340
0.5710
0.5012
0.5081
0.4941
0.4657
0.4548
0.4467
0.4349
0.4290
0.4274
0.4257
0.4225
0.4200
1 .0170
0 . 9960
0.9330
0.9860
0.8610
0.6470
0.3577
0.3853
0.2877
0.3140
0.3558
0.3863
0.4O65
0,4217
0.4274
0.4329
0.4440
0.4522
0.7850
0.7960
0.7790
0.7850
0.7580
0.8110
0.7445
0.7519
0,7760
0.7542
0.7594
0.7641
0.7588
0.7587
0,7595
0 . 7602
0.7618
0.7630
D21
0.0280
0.0540
0. 1180
0.0560
0.2670
0. 1710
0.2152
0.2027
0. 1874
0.2158
0 . 2088
0.2032
0.2100
0.2101
0.2092
0 . 2084
0 . 2066
0.2053
0 . 0290
0 . 0420
0.0790
0 . 0690
0.1590
0.0610
0.2966
0.2732
0.2286
0.2715
0.2602
0.2514
0.2614
0.2614
0.2600
0.2586
0.2559
0.2538
0.0010
0.0
0.0070
0.0080
0.0610
0.0340
0.1011
0.1084
0.0507
0.0410
0,0397
0.0387
0.0354
0.0341
0.0338
0.0335
0.0328
0.0324
this table are used
factor
TERMS
(OMTCF
* TERMS
).
)/DENO»
D22






0.3136
0.2936
0.2214
0.2389
0.2536
0.2645
0.2741
0.2802
0.2824
0.2845
0.2887
0.2919






0.5154
0.4642
0.3036
0.3372
0.3241
0.3140
0.3206
0.3193
0.3176
0.3160
0.3127
0.3103
Fract ions
Test Segment 3
B3
0.8390
0.8420
0.8940
0.8910
0.8010
0.9140
0.8571
0.8520
0,8521
0.7967
0.8001
0.8034
0.7873
0.7837
0.7840
0.7843
0.7849
0.7854
0.7580
0.6740
0.7110
0.7230
0.6540
0.6190
0.8546
0.8566
0 . 9484
0.8990
0.9089
0.9168
0 . 9O44
0.9034
0.9O46
0.9O58
0 . 908 1
0 . 9O99
. D31
0.0190
0.0480
0.0930
0.0360
0.2100
0. 1430
0. 1856
0. 1801
0. 1928
0,2117
0 . 1 909
0. 1749
0. 1748
0.1698
0. 1669
0. 1640
0. 1564
0 . 1 54 1
0.0250
0.0330
0.0380
0.0370
0 . 0930
0.0760
0.2652
0.2545
0.2591
0.2988
0.2619
0.2344
0.2360
0.2279
0.2231
0.2183
0 . 2089
0.2019
032






0.2381
0.2363
0.2673
0.2815
0.2583
0.2406
0.2384
0.2322
0.2290
0.2258
0.2194
0,2146






0.4212
0.4018
0 . 3650
0.4027
0.3433
0.2992
0.2937
0.27B4
0.2706
0.2629
0.2476
0.2362
1,3190-0.0090





0.1011
0. 1084
0 . 0507
0.0410
0.0397
0.0387
0.0354
0.0341
0.0338
0.0335
0.0328
0.0324
1n the

0.
1 .2670
1 .2360
1 . 1880
1 . 1770
1.1250
0.9565
0.9539
1 .0438
1 .0472
1 .0352
1 .0248
1.0227
1 .0186
1 .0165
1 .0144
1 .0101
1.0067
0.0
0.0280
0.0330
0.0780
0 . 0540
0.1301
0. 1402
0.0717
0 . 067 1
0 . 0709
0.0743
0.0739
0.0749
0.0755
0.0761
0.0775
0.0785
calculation of









0.1301
0. 1402
0.0717
0.0671
0 . 0709
0.0743
0.0739
0.0749
0.0755
0.0761
0.0775
0.0785
Total Test
BO
1 . 0000
1 .OOOO
1 . 0000
1 . 0000
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .0000
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1.0000
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1.OOOO
1 .OOOO
1.0000
1.0OOO
1 .OOOO
1.0000
1.0000
001
0.0249
0.0565
0. 1235
0 . 048 1
0.2632
0.2752
0.2565
0.2438
0.2401
0.27B2
0.2528
0.2330
0.2376
0.2326
0.2292
0.2257
0.2189
0 . 2 1 36
0.0287
0.0455
0.0740
0.0572
0. 1389
0. 1096
0.3537
0.3360
0.2885
0.3469
0.3116
0 . 2850
0.2929
0.2868
0.2B22
0.2778
0.2689
0.2622
D02






0.3503
0.3334
0.3205
0.3538
0.3295
0.3106
0.3140
0 . 309 1
0 . 3057
0.3024
0.2959
0 . 2909






0.5492
0.5102
0.3765
0.4247
0 . 3880
0.3605
0.3648
0.3574
0.3526
0.3479
0.3386
0.3316
1 .0000-0.0001
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
1 .0000
1 .OOOO
1 .OOOO
.0000
.OOOO
.OOOO
.OOOO
.0000
.OOOO
.OOOO
.OOOO
.OOOO
.OOOO
.0000
.OOOO
0.0
0.0162
0.0183
0.0634
0 . 042 1
0.1066
0. 1155
0.0599
0 . 0509
0 . 052 1
0.0532
0 . 0508
0 . 0504
0 . 0505
0.0507
0.0510
0.0512





0. 1066
0.1155
0.0599
0 . 0509
0.0521
0.0532
0.0508
0 . 0504
0.0505
0 . 0507
0.0510
0.0512
the operating-moae/








           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)
            M
   W   *TCF( 1 )«(B1*011"M). or *[BH-D11«5 .0+D12'(M-5 .0) ] ,
(1-W-X)*TCF(2)»(B2+D21*M), or "[B2+D21*5.0*D22*(M-5.0)].
   X   «TCF(3)«(B3-i-D31"M), or * [B3+031*5 .OfD32*(M-5 .0) ].
BO-t-D01*M, or = BO*D01*5,CH-D02*(M-5.0) ,
Fraction of VMT in the cola start mode,
Fraction of VMT in the  hot start mode.
Temperature correction factor for pollutant/model year/test  segment  b,
Cumulative mileage / 10.000 miles.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-18

                               TABLE 1.1.8A

            AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                               LOW ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                    * ACCF= U*V*(A + B*(T-75)  -0+1
 Model
 Years
          HC
CO
NOx
                 B
       B
       B
Pre-1975  0.1023E+01 0-3344E-02  0.1202E+01 0.l8o8E-02  0.1299E+01 0.5&43E-04
 1975-1-    0.1000E+01 0.3512E-02  0.1130E+01 0.1528E-02  0.1221E+01 0.4262E-03
WHERE :

  ACCF
  V
  U

  Dl
  DILO
  DIHI
  DB
  WB
  T
Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given in
Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using it
              Table 1.1.8B,
              = (DI-DILO)/(01 HI-Dl)
Discomfort index =  (DB+WB) *.*H-15,
The highest discomfort index where no AC is used,
The lowest discomfort index where all vehicles with AC use it,
Dry bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Wet bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                            TABLE  1.1.8B

                        ESTIMATED  FRACTION OF
                            LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                    EQUIPPED WITH  AIR CONDITIONING

                     Model       Fraction Equipped
                     Years     Wi th Ajr Cond i ti on J nq

                    Pre-1962          0.07
                    1962-1961*          o.u
                    1965-1966          0.24
                    1967-1968          0.37
                    1969-1971          0.51
                    1972-1976          0.61
                     1977+            0.72
                    DATE  :  MAY  19,  1989

-------
                     H-ig

                 TABLE 1.1.8C

  EXTRA LOAD CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                FOR LOW ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

          * XLCF =  (XLC-1)*U + 1
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1971.
1975+
Coeff it
HC
.0786
.01*95
.0852
.0556
.0556
.01*55
:ients (XL
CO
.2765 C
.1381.
! 13*7
.131*7
.3058
-C)
NOx
3.9535
.0313
.0313
.0313
.0753
.0719
* WHERE
      XLCF - Extra load correction factor,
      U    = Fraction of VMT with an extra load,
      XLC  = Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 1.1.8D

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR LOW ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

           * TTCF -  (TTC-1)*U + 1
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1975+
Coeff
HC
.2611*
.2762
.1*598
.7288
.7288
.5909
ic
1.
2.
2.
2.
3-
ients
CO 	
9327
1*753
ll*1i*
11*11*
9722
(TTC)
1.1181*
1.138*
1.1381*
1.138*
1.2170
1-3875
* WHERE ;

    TTCF
    U
    TTC
Trailer towing correction factor,
Fraction of VMT towing a trailer,
Correction factor coefficient.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                          H-20

                                      TABLE 1.1.9A

                              TAMPERING AND MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Area
Model
Years
                                                                       50,000 100,000
Non-l/M  Pre-1981
           1981
With I/M Pre-1981
           1981
System
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister £ Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap
Zero Mile
Level
-0.0556
0.0362
0.0673
0.0183
0.0109
0.0292
-0.0059
-0.0206
-0.0186
-0.0157
-0.0071
-0.0054
-0.0068
0.0140
0.0072
-0.0059
-0.0206
-0.0186
-0.0473
-0.0062
0.0206
0.0163
0.0434
0.0597
-0.0024
-0.0063
-0.0077
-0.0106
-0.0058
0.0002
-0.0002
0.0115
0.0113
-0.0024
-0.0063
-0.0077
Det.
Rate 1
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.02393
0.00171
0.02564
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.00961
0.00574
0.00674
0.00496
0.00101
0.00597
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.01188
-0.00216
0.00972
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
0.00744
0.00338
0.00286
0.00059
0.00009
0.00068
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
Det.
Rate 2
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.02393
0.00171
0.02564
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.00496
0.00101
0.00597
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.01188
-0.00216
0.00972
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.00059
0.00009
0.00068
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
Mile
Level
0.135
0.113
0.145
0.138
0.019
0.157
0.010
0.037
0.046
0.032
0.022
0.028
0.018
0.019
0.037
0.010
0.037
0.046
0.098
0.042
0.093
0.076
0.033
0.108
0.007
0.024
0.030
0.027
0.011
0.014
0.003
0.012
0.015
0.007
0.024
0.030
Mile
Level
0.326
0.191
0.222
0.258
0.028
0.286
0.026
0.095
0.111
0.223
0.099
0.106
0.043
0.024
0.067
0.026
0.095
0.111
0.244
0.090
0.165
0.135
0.022
0.157
0.016
0.054
0.067
0.172
0.059
0.087
0.006
0.012
0.018
0.016
0.054
0.067
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                      H-21

                                  TABLE  1.1.9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING  AND/OR MISFUELING
                                FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Type of Tampering
   Emi ss ion
Control  System
Pollutant
                                                      Excess Emissions  (g/mi)  Idle
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0x idat ion 3 way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0x idat ion 3 way


,otal Misfueled Oxidation

3way/0x idat ion 3way


EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985*
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977-1980
198H-
NOx
NOx
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
3
1
• 37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.01.
.74
.52
.1.7
• 96
.1*1*
.57
.57

.21
• 31
.1.8
.23
• 39
• 99
i
34
l


31


2
1*1
1
16
1
2
1*6
1
8
0

1
3
1*
1
3
2
"•
.80
.67
.36


.80


.31
.1*0
.80
• 32
.49
.30
• 50
.1*2
.08
.61*

.AO
.82
.11
• 36
.02
.12
a^
1
33
0


18


3
28
2
11*
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
1
a.
• 37
• 90
.76


.21


.1*0
.97
.25
.11
.36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.1*5

.96
.63
.68
.19
.1*6
.85
s^
1
21
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
1*
k
1
3
2
=* -*
.01*
.28
.61


.25


• 95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.1*0
.62
.21
.37
.7*

-54
.21
• 53
.21
.55
.16
*ai ,
27
506

8
11

177
215
1*2
121.
1*2
121*
2
9
14
9
11*
0







••• •
.38
.08

• 97
.71

.1*3
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
.31
.70
.18
.70
.18
.13







DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-22
                               TABLE 1.1.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Model
   Years
  Excess
Crankcase
(Gin/Mile)
PCV System Disabled

 1964-1970        1.28
 1971-1974        1-27
 1975-1977        1-26
 1978-1979        1.24
   1980           1.22
   1981+          1.21

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1977
 1978-1980
   1981+ CARB
   1981+ FINJ

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1977
 1978-1980
   1981+ CARB
   1981+ FINJ
--- RVP =
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
9.0 psi --
  Diurnal
 (Gm/Test)
— RVP -
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
11.5 psi  —
   Diurnal
  (Gm/Test)
14.67
14.67
14.67
13.29
10.36
5.20
24.90
24.90
18.78
14.90
14.70
14.70
22.45
22.45
22.45
18-50
17-47
9.00
48.76
48.76
36.77
29.18
28.78
28.78
14.67
14.67
14.67
13.29
0.0
5.20
24.90
24.90
18.78
14.90
14.70
14.70
22.45
22.45
22. 45
18.50
0.0
9.00
48.76
48.76
36.77
29.18
28.78
28.78
 * Hot Soak emissions =  82F  ambient  temperature,
   Diurnal emissions - 60  to 84F  one hour  heat build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at  40% tank  level.

 DATE : MAY  19,  1989
                                                                                         t

-------
                          H-23

                      TABLE 1.1.9D

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR LOW ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Fuel RVP
(psi)
Cannister Di
7.0
9-0
10.lt
n.7
Missing Fuel
7.0
9-0
10.lt
11.7
80. OF
sconnect
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.5*
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
Emission Rate
87. OF

O.lt2
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.8it
1.85
3.^3
17.28
(Grams/Mile)
95. OF

0.90
2.0A
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
it it. 93
105. OF

1.85
It. 29
11*97

2. it it
15-58
28.51
Mt.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 1971+ model year
  vehicles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                             H-24

                         TABLE 1.1.IDA

                       METHANE OFFSETS*
                       FOR LOW ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
  Model                     Methane Offsets (g/mi)
  Years              FTP       Bag 1        Bag 2       Bag 3

 Pre-1975
1975-1976
   1977
1978-1979
   1980
1981-1982
   1983
   1981*
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988
   1989
   1990
   1991
   1992+
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmethane hydrocarbon
  emissions (NMHC), i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
0.311
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.098
0.108
0.080
0.075
0.067
0.061*
0.057
0.055
0.053
0.052
0.01*9
0.048
0.1*20
0.250
0.250
0.250
0,11*0
0.155
0.111
0.105
0.093
0.088
0.079
0.075
0.073
0.071
0.067
0.065
0,310
0.160
0.160
0.160
0.090
0.101
0.075
0.070
0.062
0.059
0.053
0.051
0.01*9
0.01.8
0.046
0.01*1*
0.230
0.120
0.120
0.120
0.080
0.085
0.067
0.063
0.056
0.051*
0.01*9
0.01*6
0.01*6
0.044
0.01*2
0.01*1

-------
                                H-25

                            TABLE 1.1.IOC

                  PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
             (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEMS)
                           FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES


Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1971
1972
1973
W
1975
1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984-1985
1986
1987+


A i r Pump
Only
0.0
5-0
10.0
30.0
30.0
15-0
10.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


Oxidation
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
85.0
85.0
90.0
88.0
15-0
11».0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7-0
85-0
86.0
88.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
97-0
90.0
90.0
90.0
93-0
93-0
90.0
A i r Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
30.0
20.0
25-0
65.0
75.0
70.0
60.0
60.0
liO.O
30.0
EGR
System
& 3 Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7-0
85.0
85.0
85-0
93.0
93.0
90.0
Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971 +
E vapor at ive
Canister
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
DATE :  MAY ig, 1989

-------
                               H-26

                           TABLE  1.1.100

                 PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                       (FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS)
                          FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED  VEHICLES
                                    Ported       Throttle-Body
                  Carbureted    £ueL~l njected    FjjeJ-Injected

   1981               91-5             5-7              2.8
   1982               82.9             6.3             10.8
   1983               71.8             8.7             19.5
   1981*               60.7            10.4             28.9
   1985               1*5-5            28-0             26.5
   1986               33-0            39-1             27-9
   1987               25-3            A8.3             26.1*
   1988               18.9            57.6             23-5
   1989               16.3            59.A             2A.3
   1990               13-7            65.6             20.7
   1991                8.1*            71*.2             17.1»
   1992+               i*.3            78.5             17.2
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19.  1989
January
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
MV* E** MY*
1966 14.6 1967
1967 14.5 1968
1968 11.8 1969
1969 11.7 197O
I97O 11.7 1971
1971 IO.8 1972
1972 7.7 1973
1973 7.5 1974
1974 7.4 1975
1975 6.2 1976
1976 6.0 1977
1977 5.7 1978
1978 4.6 1979
1979 4.3 198O
19BO 2.3 1981
198 t .7 1982
1982 .6 1983
1983 .4 1984
1984 .3 1985
1985 .3 19B6

C** MY*
14.6 1968
It. 9 1969
tt.8 197O
11.9 1971
It O 1972
7.8 1973
7.7 1974
7.5 1975
6.4 1976
6.2 1977
6.O 1978
4.8 1979
4.6 1980
2.4 198 1
.8 1982
.7 1983
.5 1984
.4 1985
.3 1986
.3 1987

E** MY*
12.1 1969
11.9 197O
12.1 1971
11.2 1972
7.9 1973
7.B 1974
7.7 1975
6.6 1976
6.4 1977
6.2 1978
5.1 1979
4.8 198O
2.5 1981
2.0 19B2
.8 19B3
.6 19B4
.5 1985
.4 1986
.3 1987
.3 1988

E** MY*
12.1 I97O
12.3 1971
11.4 1972
7.9 1973
7.9 1974
7.8 1975
6.8 1976
66 1977
6.4 1978
5.3 1979
5. 1 198O
2.6 19B1
2.1 1982
.9 1983
.7 1984
.6 1985
.5 19B6
.4 1987
.3 198B
.3 19B9

1 of Calendar Year
1991 1992
1993 t994 1995 1996
E** MY* E*+ MV* E** MY* E** MY* E
12.5 1971 It.B 1972 8.2 1973 B.2 1974
11.6 1972 81 1973 8.1 1974 8.1 1975
8.O 1973 B.O 1974 B.O 1975 7.5 1976
7.9 1974 B.O 1975 7.3 1976 7.3 1977
7.8 1975 7.2 1976 7.2 1977 7.2 1978
7.O 1976 7.O 1977 7.O 197B 6.1 1979
6.8 1977 6.8 1978 5.9 1979 5.9 t98O
6.6 1978 5.7 1979 5.7 19BO 2.9 19B1
5.5 1979 5.5 198O 2.8 1981 24 1982
5.3 19BO 2.B 1981 2.3 1982 2.3 1983
2.7 1981 2.3 1982 2.2 1983 2.0 1984
2.2 1982 2. 1 1963
2.O 1983
.7 1964
.7 19B5
.6 19B6
.5 19B7
.4 1988
.3 1989
.3 1990
January
1997 1998 t999 2OOO 2003 2OO5
.8 1984
.6 1985
.7 1986
.6 1987
5 1988
.4 1989
.3 199O
.3 1991
.9 1984
.8 1985
.7 1986
.6 1987
.6 19B8
.5 1989
.4 1990
.3 1991
.3 1992
1.9 1985
.8 1986
.7 1987
.6 19BB
.6 19B9
.5 1990
.4 1 99 1
.3 1992
.3 1993
** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E**
8.2 1975 77 1976 77 1977 7.7
7.6 1976 7.6 1977 76 1978 66
7.5 1977 7.5 1978 6 5 1979 65
73 1978 6.4 1979 63 1980 31
63 1979 62 198O 3 O 1981 2.6
61 I960 3.O 1981 2.6 1982 25
30 1981 25 1982 2 .4 1983 22
2.5 1982 2.4 1983 21 1984 21
2.4 1983 2 1 1984 2 1 1985 2.O
2.1 19B4 2.O 1985 2 O 1986
2O 19B5
9 19B6
8 1987
.7 1988
.6 1989
.6 1990
.5 1991
.4 1992
t.3 1993
1 .3 1994
9 1986
.8 1987
.7 19B8
7 1989
,6 1990
.5 1991
.4 1992
.4 1993
.3 1994
.3 1995
.9 1987
.8 1988
7 1989
.6 199O
5 1991
.5 1992
4 1993
3 1994
3 1995
.2 1996
1 .9
t .8
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
4
3
.2
2
of Calendar Year
2008
2O10
2012
2015 2018 202O

MY* E'
1978 e
1979 €
1980 :
i9Bi ;
1982 '4
1983 i
1984 I
1985 3
1986
1987
1988
19B9
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
•* MY* E<
>.7 1979 (
>.6 19BO :
1.1 1981 :
!.7 1982 J
!.5 1983 :
!.2 19B4 :
!.1 19B5 :
!.O 19B6 i
.9 1987
.9 19BB
.8 19B9
.7 199O
.6 1991
.6 1992
.5 1993
.4 1994
.3 1995
.3 1996
.2 1997
.2 1998
>* MY* E<
S.7 1980 :
1.1 1981 :
1.7 1982 ;
!.5 1983 !
!.2 19B4 :
t.2 1985 !
! , 1 1986 :
f.O 1987
.9 1988
.9 1989
8 1990
.7 1991
.6 1992
.6 1993
.5 1994
.4 1995
3 1996
.3 1997
.2 199B
.2 1999
'* MY* E11
t.2 (981 :
!.7 (982 J
!.6 19B3 I
!.2 1984 !
!.2 1985 ;
!.( 1986 !
t.O 1987 I
.9 198B
.9 1989
B 199O
.7 1991
.7 1992
.6 1993
.5 1994
4 1995
.4 1996
.3 1997
.2 199B
.2 1999
. 1 2OOO
'* MY* E"
t.B 1984 :
! 6 1985 :
! 3 1986 :
!.2 (987 :
! . 1 1988 :
t.O 1989 :
!.O 199O
.9 1991
.B 1992
.6 1993
.7 1994
.6 1995
.6 1996
.5 1997
.4 1998
.3 1999
.3 20OO
2 2OO1
. 1 2OO2
. 1 2OO3
** MY* E*
t.4 1986 :
!.3 (987 ;
1.2 1988 i
!.( 1989 !
! . 1 1990 :
i.O 1991 <
.9 1992
.9 1993
.B 1994
.7 1995
.7 1996
.6 1997
.6 1998
5 1999
.4 2000
.3 2OO1
.3 2O02
,2 2OO3
.1 2O04
. 1 2OO5
'* MY* E<
t.2 1989 :
t.2 1990 J
M 1991 :
!.1 1992 :
i.O 1993 :
t.O 1994
.9 1995
.8 1996
.8 1997
.7 1998
.7 1999
.6 2OOO
.5 20O1
.5 20O2
.4 20O3
.3 20O4
.3 20O5
.2 2O06
.1 2O07
. 1 2O08
»* MY* E<
t.2 1991 I
I.I 1992 I
> 1 1993 J
i.O 1994 :
i.O 1995 ;
.9 1996
.9 1997
.8 1998
.8 1999
.7 2OOO
.7 20O1
.6 20O2
.5 20O3
.5 20O4
.4 2005
3 2006
.3 2007
.2 2OO8
.1 2009
.1 2O1O
'* MY* E'
>.2 1993 J
!. 1 1994 :
! . 1 1995 :
i.O 1996 :
! 0 1997 ;
.9 1998
.9 1999
.B 2OOO
.8 2001
.7 2O02
.7 2003
.6 2004
.5 2005
.5 2006
4 2O07
3 2OO8
3 2OO9
.2 2O1O
.1 2011
.1 20 1 2
* MY* E
!,2 1996 :
!. 1 1997 :
!. t 1998 :
i.O 1999 :
i.o 2000 :
9 2001
9 20O2
.8 2OO3
B 20O4
.7 2O05
.7 2006
6 2007
. 5 2OO8
. 5 2OO9
4 2O 10
.3 2O 1 1
.3 2O12
2 20 13
. 1 2O14
. 1 2O15
'* MY* E<
1.1 1999 :
i. i 2000 :
t . i 200 i :
t.O 20O2 i
t.O 20O3 :
1 . 9 2004
1.9 2005
8 2OO6
. B 2OO7
. 7 20O8
.7 2009
.6 20 1O
.5 201 1
.5 2O 12
4 2013
.3 20 t 4
.3 20 t5
.2 2O 1 6
.1 2O17
. 1 2O18
>* MY* E'
>.2 20O1 I
! . 1 2002 :
> . 1 2003 :
i.O 2OO4 :
! . 0 20O5 :
.9 2O06
9 2O07
8 2OO8
8 2OO9
.7 2O 1 O
7 2011
6 2O 12
5 2O 13
5 2O 14
4 2015
3 2O 1 6
3 2O17
2 20 1 8
1 2O19
. 1 2O2O
* *
I 2
>. 1
I. 1
i.O
f.O
9
.9
.8
8
.7
7
.6
5
5
.4
3
3
.2
. 1
. 1
•MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY* on January 1 of the given calendar year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP-75 Degrees F. 2O.6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start. 52.IX of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT In hot start. 6O TO 84F diurnal, 75F for hot soak
       and running toss emissions, 9.O psl fuel RVP. 54.97% average tn-use fuel tank level. Including refueling emissions.
       Emissions are based on the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 1.1.4A.

-------
H-28
                                                         TABLE t. 1. 1 IB
                                                                                          OATE
                                                                                                 MrtV 19, 1989
                                         BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                               CO
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E*+ MY*
1966 113.6 1967
1967 112.5 1968
1968 93.8 1969
1969 92.4 I97O
197O 84.7 1971
1971 82.7 1972
1972 69.9 1973
1973 68.3 1974
1974 66.6 1975
1975 42.7 1976
1976 4O.7 1977
1977 38.6 1978
1978 36.4 1979
1979 34. O 198O
198O to. 2 1981
1981 8.6 1982
1982 7. 1 1983
1983 4.4 1984
1984 3.3 1985
1985 2.7 1986

E** MV*
113.6 1968
95.1 1969
93.8 197O
86.5 1971
84.7 1972
71.4 1973
69.9 1974
68.3 1975
44.6 1976
42.7 1977
4O.7 1978
38.6 1979
36.4 198O
1O. 9 1981
1O. 2 1982
8.3 1983
5.3 1984
4.3 1985
3.4 1986
2.9 1987

E** MY*
96.4 1969
95.1 197O
88.2 1971
86.5 1972
72.8 1973
71.4 1974
69.9 1975
46.3 1976
44.6 1977
42.7 1978
4O.7 1979
38.6 1980
11.6 1981
12. O 1982
9.8 1983
6.2 1984
5.3 1985
4.4 1986
3.5 1987
2.8 1988

E** MV*
96.4 197O
89.8 1971
88.2 1972
74.2 1973
72.8 1974
71.4 1975
48. O 1976
46.3 1977
44.6 1978
42.7 1979
40.7 19BO
12.3 1981
13.7 1982
11.4 1983
7.2 1984
6.3 1985
5.4 1986
4.5 1987
3.5 1988
2.9 1989

E** MV*
91.3 1971
89.8 1972
75.5 1973
74.2 1974
72.8 1975
49.6 1976
48. O 1977
46.3 1978
44.6 1979
42.7 19BO
12.9 1981
15.3 1982
12.9 1983
8.2 1984
7.3 1985
6.3 1986
5.4 1987
4.5 1988
3.5 1989
2.9 199O
January
E** MY*
91.3 1972
76.7 1973
75.5 1974
74.2 1975
51.1 1976
49.6 1977
48. O 1978
46.3 1979
44.6 198O
13.5 1981
16.8 1982
14.4 1983
9.1 1984
8.3 1985
7.3 1986
6.3 1987
5.4 1988
4.5 1989
3.5 199O
2.9 1991
E** MY*
77. B 1973
76 7 1974
75.5 1975
52.5 1976
51.1 1977
49.6 1978
48. O 1979
46.3 198O
14.1 1981
18.2 1982
15.8 1983
tO. 1 1984
9.4 1985
8.3 1986
7.2 1987
6.3 1988
5.4 1989
4.5 199O
3.6 1991
3.0 1992
E** MV*
77.8 1974
76.7 1975
53.9 1976
52.5 1977
51.1 1978
49.6 1979
48. O 198O
14 .6 1981
19.5 19B2
17.1 1983
10.9 1984
1O. 3 1985
9.2 1986
8.2 1987
7.3 1988
6.3 1989
5.4 199O
4.5 1991
3.6 1992
3.O 1993
E** MY*
77.8 1975
55 1 1976
53.9 1977
52.5 1978
51.1 1979
49.6 I960
15. 1 19B1
2O. 8 1982
18.3 1983
11 7 1984
11.2 1985
1O. 2 1986
9.2 1987
8.3 1988
7 . 3 1989
6.3 1990
5.5 1991
4.6 1992
3.6 1993
3.O 1994
E** MY*
56.4 1976
55. 1 1977
53.9 1978
52.5 1979
51.1 1980
15.6 1981
22. O 1982
19.5 1983
12.5 1984
12. O 1985
11 O 1986
1O. O 1987
9.2 1988
82 1989
7.3 199O
6.3 1991
5.5 1992
4.6 1993
3.6 1994
3.O 1935
£•* MY*
56.4 1977
55 1 1978
53 9 1979
52 5 1980
16.0 1981
23.2 1982
2O 6 1983
13 2 1984
12 8 1985
11.8 1986
tO. 9 1987
10. 1 1988
92 1989
82 199O
73 1991
63 1992
5.5 1993
4.6 1994
36 1995
3.0 1996
E**
56.4
55 1
53.9
16.4
24 2
21 .6
13 9
13.6
12.6
117
1O. 9
10 O
9.2
82
7 .2
6.3
5.5
4.6
3.6
30
1 of Calendar Year
1 997 1998 1 999 2OOO 2OO3 20O5 2OOB 20 1O 20 1 2 2015 20 1 8 202O
MY* E** MV*
1978 56.4 1979
1979 55. 1 198O
198O 16.8 1981
1981 25.3 1982
1982 22.6 1983
-1983 14.6 1984
1984 14.3 1985
1985 13.4 1986
1986 12.4 1987
1987 11.7 1988
1988 1O. 9 1989
1989 1O. O 199O
199O 9.1 1991
1991 8.2 1992
1992 7.2 1993
1993 6.3 1994
1994 5.5 1995
1995 4.6 1996
1996 3.6 1997
1997 3.O 1998
E** MY*
56.4 198O
17.2 1981
26.2 1982
23.6 1983
15.2 1984
15. O 1985
14. O 1986
13.1 1987
12.5 1988
11.7 1989
1O. 9 199O
1O. O 1991
9. 1 1992
8.2 1993
7.2 1994
6.3 1995
5.5 1996
4.6 1997
3.6 1998
3.O 1999
*MY -- Indicates the model
E** MV*
17.6 1981
27.1 1982
24.4 1983
15.8 1984
15.7 1985
14.7 1986
13.8 1987
13.2 1988
12.4 1989
11.6 199O
1O. 8 1991
1O. O 1992
9. 1 1993
8.2 1994
7.2 1995
6.3 1996
5.5 1997
4.6 1998
3.6 1999
3.O 20OO
year.
E** MY*
2B.O 1984
25.3 1985
16.4 1986
16.3 1987
15.3 1988
14.4 1989
13.8 199O
13.1 1991
12.4 1992
11.6 1993
tO. 8 1994
9.9 1995
9.1 1996
B.2 1997
7.2 1998
6.3 1999
5.5 200O
4.6 2OO1
3.6 20O2
3.O 20O3

**C -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission
E** MY*
17.9 1986
17. O 1987
16.1 1988
15.6 1989
15. O 1990
14.4 1991
13.7 1992
12.9 1993
12.2 1994
11.5 1995
tO. 7 1996
9.9 1997
9. 1 1998
8.2 1999
7.2 2OOO
6.3 2OO1
5.5 2OO2
4.6 2O03
3.6 20O4
3.O 2005

E** MV*
17. t 1989
16.7 199O
16.1 1991
15.5 1992
14.9 1993
14.2 1994
13.5 1995
12.9 1996
12.2 1997
11.5 1998
10.7 1999
9.9 20OO
9. 1 2OO1
8.2 2O02
7.2 2003
6.3 2004
5.5 20O5
4.6 20O6
3.6 2OO7
3.O 2OO8

level for model year
E** MV*
17. O 1991
16.5 1992
15.9 1993
15.2 1994
14.7 1995
14.1 1996
13.5 1997
12.9 1998
t2.2 1999
11.5 2000
1O. 7 2O01
9.9 2002
9. 1 2003
8.2 2004
7.2 2OO5
6.3 20O6
5.5 20O7
4.6 20OB
3.6 20O9
3.O 2O1O

E** MY*
16.8 1993
16.2 1994
15. B 1995
15.2 1996
14.7 1997
14 . 1 1998
13.5 1999
12.9 2OOO
12.2 20O1
11.5 2002
1O. 7 2OO3
9.9 2O04
9. 1 2O05
8.2 2006
7.2 2007
6.3 2008
5.5 20O9
4.6 2O10
3.6 2011
3.0 2O12

"MY" on January 1 of
E** MY*
16.7 1996
16.2 1997
15.8 1998
15.2 1999
14.7 2OOO
14.1 2001
13.5 2002
12.9 2003
12.2 2004
11.5 2005
1O. 7 2006
9.9 2OO7
9 . 1 2OOB
8 . 2 2OO9
7.2 2O1O
6.3 2011
5.5 2O12
4.6 2O13
3.6 2O14
3.O 2015

E** MY*
16.7 1999
16.2 2000
15.8 2001
15.2 2002
14.7 2OO3
14.1 2004
13.5 20O5
12.9 2006
12.2 2007
11.5 2008
10.7 2009
9.9 2010
9.1 201 1
B.2 2012
7.2 2013
6.3 2014
55 2O 15
4.6 2O16
3.6 2017
3.0 2018

the given calendar year
E+* MY*
16.7 2OO1
16. 2 2O02
15.8 2003
15.2 2O04
14.7 2005
14.1 2006
13.5 2007
12 9 2008
12.2 2009
11.5 2O1O
1O 7 2O11
9.9 2O12
9.1 2O 13
82 2014
7 .2 2015
6.3 2016
5.5 2017
4.6 2018
3.6 2O19
3.O 2O2O

These
E**
16.7
16 .2
15.8
15.2
14.7
14 1
13.5
12.9
12 2
11.5
10.7
9.9
9 1
8.2
7 2
6.3
55
4.6
3.6
3.0


      emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP=75 Degrees f,  2O.6% of  VMT  traveled
      In cold start. 52.(X of VMT In stabilized, and 27,3% of VMT tn hot start.   Emissions are based on
      the January t mileage accumulation figures given tn Table 1.1.4A.

-------
                                                   TABL
                                                              11C
                                                                                    DA1E
                                   BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         NOx
                                                                                           MAY  19.  1989
1985 1986
MV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
t97O
1971
1972
1973
4974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1984
1982
1983
t984
1985

E** MV*
3.4 1967
3.4 1968
4.3 1969
4.3 1970
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.4 1974
3.4 1975
2.8 1976
2.8 1977
2.7. 1978
2.6 1979
2.5 198O
1.9 1981
1.0 1982
O.9 1983
O.7 1984
O.7 1985
0.7 1986

E**
3.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4 .3
4 .3
3.5
3.4
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.0
1 .O
1 .O
0.8
O.7
0.7
O.6

1997 1998
MV*
1978
1979
I960
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E** MY*
3.5 1979
3.5 1980
2.5 1981
.6 1982
.6 1983
. I 1984
. 1 1985
.1 1986
.0 1987
.O 1988
.O 1989
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
O.8 1993
0.8 1994
O.8 1995
O.7 1996
O 7 1997
O.6 1998
E**
3.5
2.6
.6
.6
.2
. 1
. 1
.O
.0
.0
.O
O.9
0.9
0.9
O.8
0.8
O.8
O.7
0.7
O.6
-- Indicates the
- - Indicates the
January 1 of Calendar Year
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
MY*
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
(979
I960
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

E** MY*
4.3 1969
4.3 1970
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.5 1974
3.5 1975
2.9 1976
2.9 1977
2.9 1978
2.8 1979
2.7 19BO
2.O 1981
1 . 1 1982
1.O 1983
O.8 1984
O.8 1985
O.7 1986
O.7 1987
0.7 1988

E** MY*
4 3 197O
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
35 1974
3.5 1975
2.9 1976
2.9 1977
3.0 1978
2.9 1979
28 1980
2.1 1981
1.2 1982
1 . 1 1983
O 9 1984
O.8 1985
O 8 1986
0.7 1987
O.7 1988
O.7 1989

E** MY* E** MV*
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
36 1974
35 1975
3.O 1976
2.9 1977
3. 1 1978
3.O 1979
2.9 1980
2.2 1981
1.2 1982
1.2 1983
O.9 1984
O.9 1985
O 8 1986
O.B 1987
O 7 1988
O.7 1989
O.6 199O
January
1999 20OO 20O3 20O5
MV*
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
model
E** MY*
2.6 1981
.7 t9B2
.7 1983
.2 1984
. 1 1985
. 1 1986
. 1 1987
.O 1988
.O 1989
.0 1990
.O 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
O . 8 1 995
O 6 1996
O.8 1997
O 7 1998
O.7 1999
0.6 2000
year .
average grams /ml
E** MV*
.7 1984
.7 1985
.2 1986
.2 1987
. 1 1988
. t 1989
. 1 199O
.O 1991
.0 1992
.O 1993
.O 1994
O 9 1995
O.9 1996
O 9 1997
08 1998
0.8 1999
O.8 2OOO
O.7 20OI
O.7 20O2
0.6 20O3

le emission
E** MV* E
.2 1986
.2 1967
.2 1988
. 1 1989
. 1 199O
. 1 1991
. 1 1992
.0 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
O 1996
O.9 1997
0.9 1998
O . 9 1 999
O.8 2000
O.8 2O01
0.8 2OO2
O.7 2003
O.7 2004
O.6 2OO5

4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.6 1974
3.6 1975
3.O 1976
3.O 1977
3.1 1978
3. 1 1979
3.0 198O
2.2 1981
1.3 1982
1.2 1983
0.9 1984
O.9 1985
O.8 1986
0.8 1987
O.B 1988
O.7 1989
O.7 1990
O.6 1991
E** MY*
4.3 1973
36 1974
36 1975
3.O 1976
3.O 1977
3.2 1978
3.1 1979
3 . 1 198O
2.3 1981
13 1982
1.3 1983
1 .O 1984
O.9 1985
09 1986
0.8 1987
O.8 1988
0.8 1989
0.7 1990
O 7 1991
O.6 1992
E** MY* E
36 1974
36 1975
30 1976
3.O 1977
3.3 1978
3.2 1979
3. 1 t98O
23 1981
1.4 1982
1 4 1983
1 0 1984
10 1985
O 9 1986
09 1987
0.8 1988
O a 1989
08 199O
07 1991
O 7 1992
O 6 1993
** MY* E
36 1975
3 O 1976
3.0 1977
33 1978
33 1979
3.2 198O
2.4 1981
1 . 4 1982
14 1983
1 0 1984
1 O 19B5
O.9 1986
0.9 1987
O 9 1988
O 8 1989
O 8 I99O
0.8 1991
O.7 1992
O.7 1993
O.6 1994
1995 1996
** MY*
3. 1 1976
3.O 1977
34 1978
3.3 1979
3.3 1980
2 .4 198 t
5 1982
.5 19B3
. 1 1984
.O 19B5
.0 1986
0.9 1987
O 9 1988
O.9 1989
O.8 199O
O.8 1991
08 1992
O .7 1993
07 1994
O.6 1995
E*' MY*
3 1 1977
3.5 1978
3.4 1979
3.3 198O
2.4 1981
5 1982
.5 1983
1 1984
.O 1985
0 1986
- 1987
0.9 1988
O 9 1989
O.9 199O
O.8 1991
O 8 1992
0.8 1993
07 1994
O.7 1995
O 6 1996
E '•
3.5
3. 5
3.4
2 . 5
6
6
. t
. 1
.0
1 0
1 0
O.9
0.9
0.9
08
OS
OS
O 7
O.7
0.6
1 of Calendar Year
2O08 2010 2012
** MY*
.2 1989
.2 199O
1991
. 1992
1993
1994
. 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
.O 1998
.0 1999
O.9 2OOO
0.9 2001
O 9 2002
0.8 2O03
O.8 20O4
O.8 2005
O.7 2006
O.7 2O07
O.6 2008

level for model year
E** MY*
.2 1991
.2 1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
.O 1998
.0 1999
.0 2OOO
.0 20OI
O.9 20O2
O.9 2OO3
0.9 2OO4
O 8 20O5
O.8 2006
0 8 2OO7
0.7 20O8
0.7 2009
O.6 2O 1O

E»* MV* E
.2 1993
.2 1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
.O 2000
.O 2O01
0 2O02
.O 2OO3
O 9 2004
O 9 2OO5
09 2006
O 8 2OO7
O.8 2008
0 8 2O09
07 2010
O. 7 20 t 1
0.6 2012

20)5
** MY* E
.2 1996
.2 1997
1 1998
. t 1999
. 1 2OOO
1 2001
. t 2OO2
.0 2003
.O 2OO4
O 2005
.0 2006
0.9 2007
0 . 9 2OO8
O . 9 2O09
O.8 2O1O
0.8 2011
O 8 2O 12
O 7 2013
O 7 2O14
O.6 2015

2O 18 2O2O
** MY*
2 1999
.2 2000
. 1 2OO 1
. 1 2OO2
. 1 2OO3
. 1 2004
. 1 20O5
.O 2006
.O 2OO7
.O 20O8
.O 2OO9
0.9 2O IO
O 9 2O 1 1
O 9 2012
O.8 2O 13
0.8 2O 14
O.8 2O 15
0.7 2016
0.7 2017
O.6 2O 18

"MY" on January 1 of the given calendar year
E** MY*
.2 2O01
2 20O2
. 2003
2OO4
2005
. 2O06
. 2007
O 20O8
.O 2OO9
.0 2010
.O 201 1
09 2O 12
O.9 2O 13
O.9 2O 14
O 8 2O 15
O.8 2016
O 8 2O 17
O.7 2018
0.7 2019
O.6 2O2O

Tliese
E**
.2
2
1
. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
.0
0
.0
0
O.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
O.8
0.7
0 7
O.6


emission levels are calculated for the baste test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O.6V. of VMT  traveled
In cold start, 52.IX of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3« of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on
the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 1.1.4A.

-------
                                  H-30
  Pol
  HC
  CD
   NOx
                              TABLE 1 .2. 1A

                 NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FDR
                              LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                         - BER = ZML +  (DR * M)
Mofle'
Zero Mile
Yea Emission Level
Pre-1966
1968-1965
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
• : BER -
ZML "
OR -
M
7,250
4.430
3.000
3.360
1.800
0.870
0.320
0.700
0.410
0.360
0.310
0.370
0.370
0.370
0.370
0.360
78.270
56 . 340
42. 170
40,780
24.550
12.280
12.580
9.430
7.030
5.760
4.420
5.290
5.260
5.220
5,210
5.070
3.440
4.350
2.870
2.700
1 .770
1.640
1.120
1.240
1.080
0.910
0.820
0.820
0.810
0.810
0.780
Nontampered
Deterioration
Rate
0. 180
0.250
0.370
0. 170
0.270
0.280
0. 150
0, 150
0.080
0.080
0.080
0,080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
2.250
2.550
3. 130
2.440
2.590
2.430
1 .460
1.460
0.730
0.730
0,730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0 730
0.730
0.0
0.0
0.040
0.030
0.060
0.030
0.070
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
50 , 000 Mile
Emission Level
8, 150
5.680
4.850
4.210
3. 150
2.270
1 .570
1 .450
0.810
0.760
0.710
0.770
0.770
0.770
0,770
0.760
89.520
€9.090
57,820
52.980
37 . 500
24.430
19.880
16,730
10.680
9.410
8.070
8.940
8.910
8.870
8.860
8.720
3.440
4.350
3,070
2.850
2.070
1 .790
1.470
1 .440
.280
. 110
.020
.020
.010
.010
0.980
100,000 Mile
Emission^ Level
9.050
6.930
6.700
5.060
4,500
3.670
2.320
2.200
1 .210
1 . 160
1 . 1 1O
1 . 170
1 .170
1 . 170
1 . 170
1 . 160
100.770
8 1 . 840
73.470
65.180
50.450
36 . 580
27, 180
24.030
14.330
1 3 . 060
1 1 . 720
12.590
12.560
12.520
12.510
12.370
3.440
4.35O
3.270
3.00O
2.370
1 .940
1 .820
1.640
1 .480
1.310
1.220
1 .220
1 .210
1,210
1 . 18O
basic exhaust emission rates m grams/mile.
Zero mile level 1n grams/ml
le.

Deterioration rate in grams/mi la/ 1OK miles.
Cumulative
mileage / 10,000
miles.

  WHERE
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                       H-31

                                   TABLE 1.2.18

                            EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)

Pol
HC

















CO




















NOx















Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1991
1992*
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973
1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1S83
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Emission
OK
7.250
4,445
3.015
3.390
3.449
2.393
2.466
2.414
1 .552
0.898
0.896
0.893
0.770
0.476
0.423
0.358
0.418
0.408
78.270
56.671
42.515
41 .474
42.863
30.891
31.580
30.972
19.574
13.246
13.222
13.175
9.978
7.531
6.214
4.661
5.531
5.S01
5.461
5.451
5.311
3.440
4.350
2.966
2.978
3.001
2. 108
1.640
1.640
1.641
1.122
1.243
1.08S
0.926
0.836
0.826
0.796
25K
7.700
5.074
3.944
3.824
3.901
3.291
3.398
3.335
2.502
1.419
1 .418
1 .410
1 .286
0.812
0.749
0.661
0.719
0.709
83.895
63. 147
50 . 446
47 . 786
49.598
39.527
40.S14
39 . 805
28.060
18.476
18.489
18.364
15. 194
10.840
9.314
7.419
8.262
8.232
a. 192
8. 182
8.042
3.440
4.350
3. 116
3. 134
3.234
2.435
1.786
1.787
1.789
1.372
1 .422
1.269
1 . 147
1 .023
1.013
0.983
50K
8. 150
5.704
4.874
4.258
4.353
4.250
4.395
4.310
3.527
1 .975
1 .977
1 .962
1 .840
1 . 184
1 . 105
0.988
1 .045
1 .035
89 . 520
69.623
58.376
54 . 098
56 . 334
48.767
50 , 09 1
49. 152
37.298
24.228
24.332
24.108
21.032
14.748
12.879
10.549
1 1 . 342
11,312
11.272
11.262
11. 122
3.440
4.350
3.266
3.291
3.467
2.762
1 .981
1.982
1 .986
1.672
1.652
1.505
1.425
1.239
1.229
1.199
Rate (Grams/Mile)
75K
8.600
6.333
5.803
4.692
4.806
5. 181
5.359
5.255
4.520
2.554
2.559
2.536
2.416
1 .577
1 .480
1 .331
1 .386
1 .376
95.145
76.100
66 . 306
60.410
63.070
57.746
59.372
58.225
46.236
30.197
30 . 390
30 . 055
27.068
18.841
16.607
13.787
14.529
1 4 . 499
14.459
14.449
14.309
3.440
4.350
3.416
3.447
3.700
3.089
2.245
2.246
2.252
2.042
1 .951
1 .812
1.777
1 .489
1 .479
1 .449
IPgK
9.050
6.963
6.733
5. 126
5.258
6,111
6.324
6. 199
5.513
3. 143
3. 150
3. 120
3.000
1.978
1 .864
1 .680
1 .733
1.723
100.770
82.576
74.236
66.722
69 . 805
66.725
68.653
67 . 298
55. 174
36 . 258
36 . 536
36.064
33.177
23.000
20.400
17.062
17.752
17.722
17.682
17.672
17.532
3.440
4.350
3.566
3.603
3.933
3.416
2.509
2.511
2.519
2.413
2.252
2. 120
2. 134
1.742
1 .732
1.702
JL25K
9.500
7.592
7.662
5.560
5,710
7.042
7.289
7 , 144
6.505
3.724
3.733
3.696
3.576
2.372
2.241
2.025
2.075
2.065
106.395
89.052
82. 167
73.034
76.541
75 . 704
77.933
76.371
64 . 1 1 1
42.245
42.609
42.044
39.221
27.100
24 . 1 39
20.306
20 . 945
20.913
20.875
20 . 865
20.725
3.440
4.350
3.717
3.760
4. 165
3 .744
2.774
2.776
2.786
2.783
2.552
2.428
2.488
1.992
1.982
1.952
150K
9.950
8.222
8.592
5.994
6. 162
7,952
8.235
8.081
7.467
4.300
4.312
4 .268
4. 150
2.763
2.615
2.366
2.415
2.405
112. 020
95.528
90 , 097
79.345
83.276
84.262
86.814
85.221
72,460
48. 191
48 . 64 1
47.967
45.230
31.167
27.849
23.532
24.121
24.091
24.051
24.041
23.901
3.440
4.350
3.867
3.916
4.398
4.071
3.038
3.041
3.053
3.153
2.852
2.735
2.840
2.242
2.232
2.202
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                  H-32
                              TABLE  1.2.2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE  AND EVAPORATIVE  HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971
1972-1977
1978-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+

Crankcase
(Gm/Mile)
4.10
0.80
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
— RVP =
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
14.67
14.67
14.67
10.91
8.27
2.46
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.30
1.15
1.00
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.94
9.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
26.08
26.08
26.08
16.28
8.98
5-16
2.98
2-99
2.99
2.97
2.87
2.54
2.19
2.12
2.10
2.07
2.07
2.02
— RVP = '
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
22.45
22.45
22.45
16.15
12.32
4.30
3-05
3.06
3.06
3-05
2.98
2.77
2.56
2.47
2.48
2.54
2.56
2-53
11.5 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
47-99
47-99
47-99
38.58
23-53
14.47
11.44
11.46
11.47
11.38
11.00
9.74
8.38
8.12
8.07
7.94
7.93
7.75
* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions * 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-33

                               TABLE 1.2.2B

                        TAMPERING OFFSETS FOR TOTAL
                  CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HC EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                       AT VARIOUS MILEAGE INTERVALS
Model
Fuel RVP Years
9.0 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
i 1990
' 1991+
11.5 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+

OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Tamper i
25K
0.0
0.01
0.03
0.03
0.05
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.0
0.01
0.0k
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
ng Offset (Grams/Mile)**
5QK
0.0
0.02
0.06
0.09
0.12
0.12
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.0
0.02
0.09
0.12
0.16
0.16
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
75K
0.0
0.01*
0.10
0.11*
0.20
0.20
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.0
0.01*
0.11*
0.20
0.25
0.25
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
100K
0.0
0.05
O.H*
0.19
0.27
0.27
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.1?
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.0
0.05
0.20
0.27
0.35
0.35
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.26
0.24
0.21*
0.21*
0.23
0.23
0.23
125K
0.0
0.06
0.17
0.21*
0.3**
Q.$k
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.0
0.06
0.25
0.35
0.1*5
0.1*1*
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.36
0.33
0.31
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.29
150K
0..0
0.08
0.21
0.29
0.1*2
0.1*2
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.0
0.08
0.30
0.1*3
0.5k
0.5k
0.1*5
Q.k5
0.1*5
O.kk
O.kk
0.1*0
0.37
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
 * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0  to 81*.OF,
   Fuel RVPs of 9.0 and  11.5 psi with  no weathering,  tank  level  of

** Based on averages of  l*.2l* trips per day and 29.05  miles  per  day,

 DATE : MAY 19, 1989
40.0*.

-------
                                  H-31*

                              TABLE 1.2.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
  Model        Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate (Grams/Mile)
  Years          (psi)        80.0F       87.OF       95.OF

 Pre-1971          7-0        0.36        0.52        1.13        2.16
                  9-0        0.58        1.50        2.62        4.81
                 10.4        1.06        2.70        4.00        5.63
                 11.7        2.88        3.85        8.20       13-64
1971-1977         7-0        0.30        0.49        1.04        1.60
                  9.0        0.49        1-15        2.37        3-60
                 10.4        0.85        2.04        2.96        4.10
                 11.7        2.15        2.85        5-97        9-87

1978-1980         7-0        0.24        0.42        0.97        1-39
                  9.0        0.39        1.20        2.21        2.88
                 10.4        0.68        1.70        2.38        3-23
                 11.7        1.72        2.30        4.79        7.90

  1981+           7.0        0.05        0.06        0.18        0.20
                  9.0        0.07        0.13        0.42        0.62
                 10.4        0.13        0.30        0.50        0.75
                 11.7        0.36        0.47        1.03        1-73
DATE :  MAY ig. 1989

-------
                                    H-35

                                TABLE 1.2.20

                          REFUELING  EMISSIONS* FOR
                                LOW  ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED  TRUCKS

Model
Years
Pre-1971
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
i 1985
1986-1987
r 1988
1989-1991
1992
1993-1997
1998+

Fuel Economy
(mi les/qalf
1 1 i
10.7
10.8
10.6
11.9
12-3
13-3
13.0
12.6
15-7
17.0
17.3
17-6
17-2
17.3
18.0
17.7
17.8
17.8
17-7
17-6

Uncontrol led
(grams/mi le)

•52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.34
0.33
0-33
0.34
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
With
Volati 1 ity
Control**
(grams/mi lej^

0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.26
0.26
0.26

With
Onboard**
(gr ams/m i 1 e)

0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.34
0-33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.04
0.04
With both
Volati 1 ity
and Onboard**
(grams/mi 1 e)
0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.03
0.03
0.03
* Refueling Emissions
  + Sp'llage (g/gal)]
                    (g/mi)
                   / Fuel
                              - [Displacement (g/gal)
                              Economy  (mi/gal).
**
and apply to
DATE :  MAY ig, 1989
                                                 with
                                                           '"  '»3,

-------
                                             H-36

                                         TABLE  1.2.3

                       HOT  STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS I
Zero Mile
79.20
64.20
32.40
43.20
12. 12
12.53
9. 16
6.34
3.94
4.24
3.33
5.31
5.30
5.29
5.28
4,97
825.60
839.40
710.40
759.60
376.20
242.33
138.85
137.24
138.29
110.50
42.85
29.68
25.35
39.07
38.12
36.97
36.76
32.63
5.40
10.20
8.40
3.60
3.98
7,34
7.31
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1.61
50 . 000 Mile
88.20
82.20
53.40
55.20
30. 12
37.88
23.54
21 .46
11 .23
11 .46
10.53
12.73
12.72
12.71
12.70
12.39
945.60
1028.40
974.40
987.60
592 . 20
440. 18
267.69
266 . 08
267.13
239.31
107.52
94.35
90.01
103.65
102.72
101.57
101.34
97. 19
5.40
10.20
8.40
3.60
3.98
7.34
7.31
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1 .73
1.66
1.65
1 ,61
100. OOO Mi le
97.20
100.20
74.40
67.20
48. 12
63.30
37.85
35.96
18.57
18.79
17.85
20. 12
20.11
20. 10
20.09
19.77
1065.60
1217.40
1238.40
1 2 1 5 . 60
808 . 20
638.01
396.51
394.90
395.95
368.08
172.13
158.98
154.62
168.23
167.32
166,17
165.92
161 .76
5.40
10.20
8.40
3.60
3.98
7.34
7.31
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1 .73
1 .66
1.65
1.61
Pol        Years _

 HC       Pre-1968
        1968-1969
        1970-1971
        1972-1974
        1975-1978
        1979-1980
        1981-1983
          1984
          1985
          1986
          1987
          1988
          1989
          1990
          1991
          1992+

 CO      Pre-1968
        1968-1969
        1970-1971
        1972-1974
        1975-1978
        1979-1980
          1981
          1982
          1983
          1984
          1985
          1986
          1987
          1988
          1989
          1990
          1991
          1992+

 NOx     Pre-1968
        1968-1972
        1973-1974
        1975-1978
        1979-1980
          1981
          1982
          1983
          1984
          1985
          1986
          1987
         1988-1989
         1990-1991
          1992+
* :n-use emission level Includes tampering.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989
                                               Emission Rate (Grams/Hour)
                                                                     	 In-use Level- 	
                                                                    50,OOP Mile    100.OOP Mile
                                                                        93.47
                                                                        87 .47
                                                                        58.67
                                                                        60.47
                                                                        35.39
                                                                        43. 15
                                                                        28.82
                                                                        26.74
                                                                        16.51
                                                                        16.74
                                                                        15.81
                                                                        18.01
                                                                        18.00
                                                                        17.99
                                                                        17.98
                                                                        17.66

                                                                       975.88
                                                                      1058.68
                                                                      1004.68
                                                                      1017.88
                                                                       622.48
                                                                       470.46
                                                                       297.97
                                                                       296.36
                                                                       297,41
                                                                       269.58
                                                                       137.79
                                                                       124.63
                                                                       120.28
                                                                       133.93
                                                                       133.00
                                                                       131.85
                                                                       131.62
                                                                       127.47

                                                                          5.41
                                                                        10.21
                                                                          8.41
                                                                          3.61
                                                                          3.99
                                                                          .35
                                                                          .32
                                                                          .38
                                                                          .63
7,
7
7
7
6.97
2.01
1 .74
1 .67
                                                                          1.66
                                                                          1 .62
              108.66
              111.66
               85.86
               78.66
               59.58
               74.76
               49.31
               47.42
               30.03
               30.25
               29.31
               31.58
               31 .57
               31.56
               31.55
               31.23

             1134.27
             1286.07
             1307.07
             1284.27
              876.87
              706.68
              465. 18
              463.57
              464.62
              436.75
              240.81
              227.65
              223.29
              236.91
              235.99
              234.85
              234.59
              230.44

                5.42
               10.22
                8.42
                3.62
  00
  36
  33
  39
  64
6.98
2.02
  75
  68
1
1
1.67
1.63

-------
                                 H-37
                             TABLE 1.2.4A

                         REGISTRATION MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                                                  Jan 1
 Model     July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage       Jan 1
 Year   Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation   Mileage
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***    Accumulation
	(per truck  *)	(fleet)	(fleet)

  1          0.070       15640.        0.023       15640.        1955-
  2         0.092       14590.        0.092       15377-       11697-
  3         0.088       13610.        0.088       14345-       26552.
  4         0.083       12696.        0.083       13381.       40409-
  5         0.077       11843.        0.077       12483.       53335-

  6         0.072       11048.        0.072       11644.       65393-
  7         0.067       10306.        0.067       10862.       76642.
  8         0.062        9614.        0.062       10133.       87135.
  9         0.057        8968.        0.057        9452.       96923.
 10         0.051        8366.        0.051        8817-       106054.

 11         0.047        7804.        0.047        8225-       114572.
 12         0.041        7280.        0.041        7673.       122517-
 13         0.036        6791.        0.036        7158.       129929.
 14         0.031        6335.        0.031        6677.       136843.
 15         0.026        5909.        0.026        6229.       143293.

 16         0.021        5512.        0.021        5810.       149310.
 17         0.016        5142.        0.016        5419.       154922.
 18         0.011        4797.        0.011        5056.       160157.
 19         0.007        4475.        0.007        4716.       165041.
 20+        0.044        4174.        0.044        4400.       1&9597-


  *  Default  information that  may  be  altered  by  the MOBILE4  user with
     information about  the  local area.

  **  The  indices  refer to  the most  recent model  year  vehicles in  any
      given calendar  year.   Index  1  references the newest  model year
      vehicles  and  index 20+ references  the oldest model  year  vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage  accumulation adjusted  to January  1,
       where:   JMAR(l)  - MAR(l)  and,
             JMAR(MYI)  -  .25*MAR(MYI)  +  .75*«AR(MY I -1),  MY I  - 2,....20+.

  DATE :  MAY  19,  1989

-------
                 H-38

             TABLE 1.2.4C

TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
             LOW ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
Model Year
  Index*   Trjjas per Day   Mi les per Day

     1           4.66            1*2.85
     2           4.60            1*2.13
     3           4.54            39-30
     4           4.48            36.66
     5           4.1*3            34.20
     6           4.37            31.90
     7           4.31            29-76
     8           4.25            27.76
     9           4.19            25.90
    10           4.13            24.16
    11           4.08            22-54
    12           4.02            21.02
    13           3.96            19.61
    14           3-90            18.29
    15           3-84            17.06
    16           3-78            15.92
    17           3-72            14.85
    18           3.67            13.85
    19           3-61            12.92
    20+         3-55            12.05
 * The indices refer to the most recent model
   year vehicles in any given calendar year.
   Index 1  references the newest model year
   vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest
   model year vehicles.
 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
4

-------
                                       H-39

                                   TABLE 1.2.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                                 JANUARY 1, 1988

Model
Years
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
J976
M975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
(A)
LDT1 Fleet
Regi stration
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
(B)
Sales
Fraction
0-973
0-991
0.980
0.989
0.974
0-958
0.908
0.918
0.952
0.985
0.990
1.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
1.000
1.000


(A*B)
0.023
0.091
0.086
0.082
0.075
0.069
0.061
0.057
0.054
0.050
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
(C=A*B/DAF)
LDGT1
Registration
0.024
0.098
0.093
0.088
0.081
0.074
0.066
0.061
0.058
0.054
0.050
0.044
0.039
0.033
0.028
0.023
0.017
0.012
0.008
0.047
(D)
Annual Mi leage
Accrual Rate
15640.
15377-
14345.
13381.
12483-
11644.
10862.
10133-
9452.
8817.
8225.
7673-
7158.
6677-
6229.
5810.
5419.
5056.
4716.
4400.
(C*D/TFNORM)

(C*D)
382.6
1510.8
1333-2
1183-7
1008.9
865.5
712.1
621.5
552.8
477-3
412.4
339.0
277-7
223.1
174.5
131.5
93-4
59.9
35.6
208.6
Travel
Fractions
0.036
0.142
0.126
0.112
0.095
0.082
0.067
0.059
0.052
0.045
0.039
0.032
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.012
0.009
0.006
0.003
0.020
                       DAF: 0.929
                                              TFNORM: 10604.2
WHERE :

  A
  B
  D

NOTE
 • January 1  registration mix from Table 1.2.4A,
 • Gasoline fleet sales fractions.
 * Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 1.2.4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
for almost every model year.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                             H-4O

                                         TABLE 1 -2.6A

                    SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS I

                               * SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(sadJ )

                  SF(s) = EXP(A + 8*8 * C*s**2+ D*S**3+ E+s**4+ F*s**5).  HC & CO
                        = A + B+& + C*s**2+ D*s**3+ E*S**4 + F*s+*5,  NOx
Pol lutant
and
Model Years
HC
Pre-1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
CO
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
NOx
Pre- 1968
1966
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
* WHERE :


0.
0.
0.
O.
O.
O.
0
O.

0.
O.
O.
0.
O.
O.
0.
0.

0.
O.
O.
O.
O.
0.
O.
0.
A

231O26E+O1
239726E+O1
24O873E+01
223217E+O1
225223E+O1
234948E+O1
26B382E+O1
23954OE+O1

233989E+O1
246551E+O1
2778O4E+O*
278B99E+01
27O743E*O1
268454E+01
2B3929E+01
24B747E+O1

16863SE+O1
122677E+OI
1O1743E+01
98760OE+OO
1159t7E+O1
128169E+01
783838E+OO
942131E+OO


-O.
-O.
-0.
-O.
-O.
-O.
-0.
-O.

-0.
-o.
-0.
-0.
-O.
-0.
-0.
-O.

-O.
a

289572E+OO
2999B5E+OO
3O81B7E+OO
2B4985E+OO
2B7778E+00
3O49S9E+OO
34 4633 E *OO
33578 tE+OO

29697BE+OO
305O23E+00
31913OE+OO
327107E+OO
331O38E+OO
332817E+OO
368756E+OO
39 1 562 E +OO

1183O3E+OO
-O.444978E-O1
-0.
-o.
-O.
-0.
O.
-O.
s = average
sadj = basic
11895BE-01
195674E-O1
444536E-O1
8O4B74E-O1
328549E-O3
42324OE-O1
speed (mph)
C

0. I5299OE-01
O. 161351E-O1
O. 168168E-O1
O. 153B33E-O1
O. 156B2OC-O1
O. 168416E-O1
O. 195417E-O1
O.2116O9E-O1

0. t6OO71E-Ot
O. 16O497E-OI
O. 153183E-O1
O. 162943E-O1
O- 176179E-O1
O. 176277E-O1
O.21O782E-O1
O.27O72IE-O1

O.654975E-02
0.262476E-O2
O.9I436SE-O3
O. 169645E-O2
O.296425E-O2
O.535735E-O2
O. 106O29E-O2
O.3862S3E-O2



-0.
-O.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-O.
-0.
-O.

-O.
-o.
-O.
-0.
-O.
-O.
-0.
-O.

-O.
D

446689E-03
48749 1E-O3
506B43E-O3
456738E-O3
473179E-O3
50962 3E -03
62572OE-O3
73155OE-O3

477396E-03
473969E-O3
422327E-O3
467573E-O3
53B583E-O3
524123E-O3
676438E-O3
976178E-O3

137139E-03
-O.567150E-O4
-0.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-O.
-0.

21574OE-O4
4O4OOOE-O4
66899OE-O4
1 18891E-O3
31935OE-O4
939853E-O4

test procedure speed; adjusted for fract


0.
o.
o.
o
0.
O-
0.
0.

o.
o.
o.
o.
o
o.
0.
o.

o.
o.
o.
o.
o.
0.
0.
0.

Ion
E

648183E-O5
729O93E-05
753855E-05
6734B6E-O5
7O7954E-O5
759516E-O5
978442E-O5
120715E-04

7O6752E-O5
69907 5E- 05
584948E-O5
671906E-O5
817402E-O5
772221E-O5
106267E-O4
16527OE-O4

1OO849E-05
434293E-06
182300E-06
32800 IE -06
522365E-06
90106OE-06
290389E-06
753883E-06



-O.
-O
-o.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-0.

-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-0.
-0.
-o.
-o.

0.
0.
0.
0.
o
o.
o.
o.

of cold start
F

363456E-O7
419769E-O7
431596E-07
383798E-07
4O8456E-07
434963E-07
583369E-07
748567E-O7

4O397BE-O7
399758E-07
314969E-07
3744O1E-O7
477BO3E-07
437O25E-O7
6364O5E-07
1O4317E-06

0
0
0
o
o
o
0
0

operation :
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                H-41


                            TABLE 1.2. SB


             SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                            LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I


                  - SCF(s.sadj) = SF(s)/5F(saaj)


                    SF(s
Pol lutam Soeea
   HC
           LOW
   CO
          High
           LOW
   NOX
          High

           All
  WHERE:
               =  A/S  +  B.  HC  &  CO
               =  EXPIA  +  B-S  +  C*S*-2J,  NOx
Moael
vears
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Coef f icient
A
41 .
14 .
13.
13.
12.
12.
6.
5.
4 .
4 .
4 .
4 .
4 .

27921
50530
13510
72350
87590
29910
03710
02670
79940
76780
73310
72990
59730
B C
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.03723
-0.01S87
-0.01228
-0.01165
-0.01095
-0.01088
-0.00821
                  1979+
                   1979+
                                8.10000
                                             0.0
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
563.51440
168.89410
147.47639
158.07001
145.32240
137.36800
43.39830
30.59711
27.71680
27.31670
26.87669
26.83670
25.15649
-3.44034
0.72193
0 . 80430
0.75053
0.77799
0.76426
1.33132
2.3S788
2.58886
2 . 62094
2.65622
2.65943
2.79417
                               60.00OOO
                                             0,0
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
1 . 04330
0.24736
0.22790
0.24101
0.23298
0.23289
-0.03836
-0.07312
-0 . 08094
-0 . 08203
-0.08323
-0.08333
-0.08790
-0.026082
-0.033673
-0-033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0. 026426
-0.026426
0.00042835
0.00047036
0 . 0004703G
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
s    « average speed (ropn).
sadj - basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction
       of cold start operation x and fraction of hot
       start operation w, [1/sadj « (w+x)/26 •»• d-w-xJ/16],
 Low » average speed < 19.6 mph,
High * average speed > 19.6 mph.
DATE  : MAY  19.  1989

-------
                              H-42

                          TABLE 1.2.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

             » TCF(1) = TC(1)«(T - 75.0),  1981+ CO,
            TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)MT - 75.0) ], all others

Pol   Model  Years  Test Segment 1  Test, Segment 2  Test Segment 3
HC














CO














NOx














Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1980
1981-1933
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
-0.20623E-01
-0.24462E-01
-0.21255E-01
-0.21427E-01
-0.23517E-01
-0.26820E-01
-0.32775E-01
-0.32082E-01
-0.33863E-01
-O.2964SE-01
-0.29076E-01
-0.28850E-01
-0.2B022E-01
-0.27909E-01
-0.27350E-01
-0,134876-01
-0.21126E-01
-0.20843E-01
-0.19091E-01
-0.24835E-01
-0.12448E+01
-0.13095E+01
-0.12840E+01
-0.10914E+01
-0.98042E+00
-0.97360E+00
-0.96563E+OO
-0.92922E+00
-0.92410E+00
-0.9O931E+00
-0.16B97E-03
-0.25074E-03
0.38855E-02
-0.45B04E-04
-0.76044E-02
-0.19000E-02
-0.45479E-02
-0.47657E-Oa
-0.432S8E-02
-0.4325BE-02
-0.4325BE-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.43258E-02
* WHERE :

TCF(b) - Low
temperature con
ambient temperature
T > Ambient temperature

TC(b) « LOW
temperature cor
                                       24032E-02
                                       32017E-02
                                       52755E-03
                                       39442E-03
                                       8B057E-02
                                       75815E-02
                                     0.83176E-02
                                     O.B5130E-02
                                       7S333E-02
                                     0.86205E-02
                                     0.90614E-02
                                     0.90467E-02
                                     0.87314E-02
                                     0.86B31E-02
                                     0.88233E-02
-0
                                     0.
                                    -0.
                                    -O.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
   1S784E-02
   15289E-02
-0.59951E-02
-0.42373E-03
-0.88336E-02
   12478E-01
   145B4E-01
   14S84E-01
   13812E-01
   1S5S5E-01
   16234E-01
-0.16220E-01
-0.157B7E-01
-0.15721E-01
-O. 1S947E-01

-0.89245E-02
-0.59791E-02
 0.241BSE-02
   12575E-02
 0.6804SE-02
 0.61656E-02
 0.74823E-02
   69890E-02
 O.B9SB1E-02
 0.76241E-02
 0.74160E-02
 0.73S06E-02
 0.71351E-02
 0.71061E-02
 0.69285E-02
                                    -0
                                    -0
                 0.
                -0.
-0.10081E-02
-0.86884E-03
 0.93659E-03
  .49731E-02
   16222E-02
-O.S1660E-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.6083SE-02
-0.70376E-02
-0.74167E-02
-0.74058E-02
-0.7143OE-02
-0.71027E-02
-0.72259E-02
 0.
 0.
 0.
-0
  11097E-02
  15749E-02
  18253E-02
0.57982E-02
0.11553E-02
0.74106E-02
0.11371E-01
  1 1371E-01
0.90777E-02
0.90777E-02
0.90777E-02
•0.90777E-02
0.907776-02
0.90777E-02
•0.90777E-02

•0.725BOE-02
•0.6269OE-02
•0.211B8E-02
  53153E-03
•0.54198E-02
•0.49S43E-02
•0.90882E-02
•0.908B2E-02
•0.94839E-02
  8635BE-02
•0.85833E-02
•0.85224E-02
•0.82440E-02
•0.82048E-02
•O.B0917E-02
-0
                                                    -0
4
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year,  for  test  segment b.

NOTE  : The low temperature correction factor  is used  m  conjunction with
       the correction factor given  m Table  1.2.7C.
DATE  : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                      H-43

                                  TABLE 1.2.7B

             HIGH (> 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                         AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION FACTORS
                                FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                   • TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)-(T - 75.0) ], Pre-1981
               TRCF(b) = EXP [  RC(b)*(RVP - 9.O) + TC(b)*(T - 75.0)
                         + TRC(b)«(RVP - 9.0)'(T - 75.0) ], 1981+

Pol   Model Years  Parameter  Test Segment 1  Test Segment 2  Test Segment 3
 HC
       pre-1968
      1968-1969
      1970-1971
      1972-1974
      1975-1980
      1981-1985
 CO
       Pre-1968
      1968-1969
      1970-1971
      1972-1974
      1975-1980
      1981-1985
        198S+
 NOx   Pre-1968
      1968-1972
      1973-1974
      1975-1978
      1979-1980
      1981-1985
        1986+
                     TC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC

                     TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC
              14381E-01
              12552E-01
              10888E-01
              66107E-02
              14095E-01
              91402E-01
              44270E-02
              29466E-02
              23202E-01
           -0.
           -0.
 0.0
 0.0

-0.14S91E-01
-0.387S7E-01
-0.2116SE-01
   1314SE-01
   19612E-01
 0.91345i-01
 0.62182E-02
 0.0
 0.407486-01
 0.35170E-02
 0.0

 0.38841E-02
-0.103896-02
-0.183O1E-01
-0.71420E-02
-O.261536-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.142196-01
 0.0
 0.0
   13219E-02
   42667E-02
   47925E-03
   26288E-02
   26179E-01
   420SOE-01
   483586-02
 0.0
 0. 15373E+00
 0.86550E-02
 0.0
                  .34799E-02
                  .75843E-02
                  .7S666E-02
                   12320E-01
                  .24297E-01
                  .93179E-01
                  . 74S88E-02
                  .47276E-02
                   13263E+00
                 0.83730E-02
                 0.560096-02
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
                                 0.
  .374626-02
  .846856-02
 0.23603E-01
 0.247176-01
  .48537E-01
   13968E+00
   149436-01
 0.0
 0.26214E+00
 0. 149666-01
 0.564166-02
                            0.
                            0.
 0.
 0.
 0.
  11014E-01
  25179E-01
  284836-01
  258486-01
  31439E-01
  163226+00
  149235-01
0.0
0.232185+00
0.20695E-01
0.82344E-02
-0.
-0.
-0.
  .873256-02
  .92466E-02
   109256-01
-0.879106-02
-0.18603E-01
-0.400246-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.274916-01
 0.377896-02
 0.0
0.10839E-01
0.101086-01
0.180425-01
0.75470E-02
0.20878E-01
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
* WH5R5 :

    TCF(b) * High temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature, and model year, for test segment b.
    T      < Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)  = High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, temperature, and model year, for test segment b.
    TRCF(b)« High temperature and fuel RVP correction  factor
             for appropriate pollutant, ambient temperature, fuel RVP,
             and model year, for teat segment b,
    RC(b)  * Fuel RVP correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, fuel RVP, and model year, for test segment b,
    RVP    - Fuel volatility m psi.
    TRC(b) - Combined temperature and fuel RVP correction factor coefficient
             for appropriate pollutant, fuel RVP, ambient temperature,
             and model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The temperature correction factor 1s us«d In conjunction with
       the correction factor given  1n Table 1.2.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-44

                                TABLE 1 .2.7C

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
CD Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Test Segment 1

1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
B1
.2820
.3450
.3450
.3980
.8560
.0914
.7957
.8662
.2436
.2304
.2688
.2349
.2349
.2349
.2349
.3023
.2770
.4420
.5530
.5730
.9020
.0939
.6454
.5738
.4554
.2307
.8508
.5788
.5680
.5572
.5559
.5064
. 1210
D 1
0.0250
0.0740
0. 1780
0 . 0600
0,3450
0.4073
0. 189B
0.2721
0.2100
0.2289
0.2603
0,2579
0.2579
0.2579
0.2579
0.2623
0.0330
0.0710
0. 1090
0 . 0540
0.1700
0.3129
0. 1633
0.2181
0.1471
0.1795
0.2342
0.1945
0.1958
0.1973
0. 1974
0 . 2028
0.0090
. 1990-0.0040







1
1
1
1
1
1
.2620
.2960
.3666
.3033
.0029
.1665
. 24O8
.3532
.3974
.3976
.4113
.4113
.4452
0 . 0220
0.0120
0 . 0444
0.0061
0.1343
0.0724
0.0833
0.0990
0.1094
0.1103
0.1114
0. 1114
0.1151
Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 2 Test Segment
B2
0.9730
0.9460
0.9190
0.8850
0.7S50
0.6714
0.4428
0.6530
0.2334
0.2289
0.2025
0 . 6304
0.6304
O.S304
0.63O4
0 . 6 1 20
1 .0170
0.9960
0.9330
0 . 9020
0.8500
0.6895
0.4526
0.3799
0.2186
0.3032
0.4456
0 . 8083
0.8134
0.8179
0.8182
0 . 8408
0.7850
0 . 7930
0.7700
0.7810
0.7444
0.8077
0.9223
0.8849
0 . 86 1 1
0.8251
0.8384
0.8336
0.8294
0.8294
0.8185
D2
0.0280
0.0540
0. 1 180
0 . 0550
0.2340
0.2752
0.2024
0 . 2902
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.0290
0.0420
0.0790
0.0790
0.1510
0.1805
0.1020
0. 1362
0.0914
0.1115
0.1455
0.1209
0.1216
0.1226
0.1226
0.1260
0.0010
-0.0020
0.0040
0.0040
0.0278
0.0184
0.0358
0.0161
0.0185
0 . 0220
0.0243
0.0245
0.0248
0.0248
0.0256
B3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.8390
.8420
.8940
.9190
.8030
.8035
.7084
.2540
.7701
.7885
.8100
.7736
.7736
.7736
.7736
.7577
.7580
.6740
.71 10
.7550
.6060
.7671
.8032
.9959
.6385
.6465
.6615
.9291
.9275
.9271
.9274
.9216
03
0.0190
0.0480
0.0930
0.0360
0 . 1 960
0.2972
0. 1645
0.2356
0. 1633
0.1781
0 . 2025
0 . 2006
0 . 2006
0 . 2006
0.2006
0 . 2040
0.0250
0.0330
0.0380
0.0290
0.1050
0. 1479
0.1076
0.1436
0 . 097 1
0.1185
0.1546
0.1284
0.1292
0 . 1 302
0 . 1 303
0.1339
.3190-0.0090






1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
.2450
.2420
.1950
.2111
.1381
.1461
.0941
.0834
.0672
.0085
.0175
.0151
.0151
.0104
0.0060
0.0270
0.0160
0.0333
0.0245
0.0537
0.0322
0.0370
0.0440
0.0486
0.0490
0 . 0495
0 . 0495
0 . 05 1 2
3

1
1
1
1
1





1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1








1
1
1
1
1
Total Test
BO
,0000
.0000
0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
DO
0.0249
0.0565
0. 1235
0 . 0508
0.2465
0 . 3082
0. 1898
0.2721
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.0287
0.0455
0.0740
0.0602
0.1423
0.1985
0.1163
0.1553
0,1043
0.1272
0.1660
0. 1379
0.1387
0.1398
0.1399
0.1438
.0000-0.0001
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
-0.0002
0.0140
0.0089
0.0333
0.0184
0.0627
0.0322
0.0370
0.0440
0 . 0486
0 . 0490
0.0495
0.0495
0 . 05 1 2
NOTE :  The fractions given 1n this table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mod*/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).

WHERE :     OMTCF    [(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/DENOM],
           TERM1       W   «TCF(1)*(B1+D1*M).
           TERM2    (1-W-X)*TCF(2)*(B2+D2»M).
           TERM3       X   *TCF(3)«(B3+D3*M).
           DENOM    BO + DO*M,
            W       Fraction of VMT in the cola start mode,
            X       Fraction of VMT 1n the  hot start mode,
           TCF(b)   Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
                    year, for teat segment b.
            M     « Cumulative mileage / 10.OOO miles.

DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                     H-J.5

                                 TABLE 1.2.8A

              AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                                 LOW ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                      * ACCF- U*V*(A + B*(T-75)  -1)  + 1


   Model              HC                     CO                     NOx
   Years          A	B           A	B           A	B

  Pre-1975  0.1023E+01 0.33ME-02  0.1202E+01 0.l808E-02  0.1299E+01 0.5&ME-04
   1975+     0.1000E+01 0.3512E-02  0.1130E+01 0.1528E-02  0.1221E+01 0.42&2E-03


* WHERE :

    ACCF  «Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
    V    * Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given  in Table  1.2.8B,
    U    • Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using  it -  (01-DlLO)/ (DIHI-DI),
           0<-U<-1,
    Dl   - Discomfort index •  (DB+WB) *.i*+15,
    DILO  - The highest discomfort index where no AC  is  used,
    DIHI  - The lowest discomfort index where all vehicles with AC use  it,
    DB   - Dry bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
    WB   - Wet bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
    T    * Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                              TABLE 1.2.86

                          ESTIMATED FRACTION OF
                              LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
                      EQUIPPED WITH AIR CONDITIONING

                       Model       Fraction Equipped
                       Years     With Air Conditioning

                      Pre-1977          0.32
                       1977             0.52
                       1978+            0.39
                     DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                     H-46
                 TABLE 1.2.8C
  EXTRA LOAD CORRECTION
                FOR LOW
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE
FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
ALTITUDE
POWERED TRUCKS I
          * XLCF =  (XLC-1)*U + 1

      Model        Coefficients
      Years      HC       CO
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1971*
1975+
1.0786
1.0495
1.0852
1 .0556
1.0556
1.0455
1.2765
1.1 384
1.2478
1.1347
1.1347
1.3058
0.9535
1.0313
1.0313
1.0313
1.0753
1.0719
* WHERE
      XLCF = Extra load correction factor,
      U    » Fraction of VMT with an extra load,
      XLC  = Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 1.2.8D

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR LOW ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

           * TTCF -  (TTC-1)*U + 1

      Model         Coefficients
      Years       HC       CO
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975+
.2614
.2762
.4598
.7288
.7288
.5909
1.9327
1.8-40
2.4753
2.1414
2.1414
3-9722
.1184
.1384
.1384
.1384
.2170
• 3875
* WHERE :
    TTCF - Trailer towing correction factor,
    U    « Fraction of VMT towing a trailer,
    TTC  - Correction factor coefficient.
DATE : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                          H-47

                                      TABLE 1.2.9A

                              TAMPERING AND MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
   Area
Model
Years
Non-l/M  Pre-1981
           1981+
With I/M Pre-1981
           1981+
System
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

Zero Mile
Level
0.2155
0.2267
0.1037
0.1462
-0.0375
0.1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
-0.027k
-0.0100
-0.0139
0.0087
0.0231
0.0318
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.0437
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
-0.0044
0.0085
0.0068
0.0059
0.0097
0.0156
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213

Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.01*51*1
0.001*19
0.01801
0.01832
0.02619
0.02074
0.01374
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.013^9
0.01 484
0.00874
0.00618
0.00370
0.003&0
0.00554
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484

Det.
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.00380
0.00554
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
50,000
Mile
Level
0.347
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.104
0.094
0.055
0.055
0.013
0.067
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
0.039
0.039
0.025
0.025
0.037
0.062
0.009
0.049
0.053
100,000
Mile
Levql
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.235
0.207
0.164
0.101
0.002
0.103
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
0.117
0.206
0.079
0.044
0.065
0.109
0.025
0.116
0.127
DATE : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                      H-48
                                  TABLE  1.2.9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING  AND/OR MISFUEUNG
                                FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
Type of Tamper i nq
   Emi ssion
Control  System
Pollutant
Excess Emissions
FTP  Bag 1  Bag 2
                                                                        (g/mi)  Idle
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way /Ox i da t i on 3way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0xidat ion 3 way


Total Misfueled Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3 way


EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1975
1975-1978
1979-1987
1988+
NOx
NOx
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
3
1
• 37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
,0k
.7k
• 52
.47
.96
.44
-57
-57

.21
.31
.48
.23
-39
.99
^^^H
1
34
i


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

1
3
4
1
3
2
J
.80
.67
• 36


.80


.31
.40
.80
• 32
.49
.30
.50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.11
-36
.02
.12
1
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
1
J
• 37
.90
.76


.21


.40
• 97
.25
.11
• 36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.45

• 96
.63
.68
.19
.46
.85
i
21
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
4
4
1
3
2
a i.i*
.04
.28
.61


.25


.95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
• 37
.74

.54
.21
.53
.21
.55
.16
"*•
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
14
9
14
0







••• '
• 38
.08

• 97
.71

.43
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
• 31
.70
.18
.70
.18
.13







DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                               TABLE 1.2.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
   Model
   Years
  Excess
Crankcase
(Gm/Mile)
PCV System Disabled
 1964-1977
 1978-1979
   1980
   1981+
    1.28
    1.27
    1.24
    1.23
Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1977
 1978-1980
   1981+ CARB
   1981+ FINJ

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1977
 1978-1980
   1981-t- CARB
   1981+ FINJ
— RVP =
Hot Soak
(Cm/Test)
9.0 psi --
  Diurnal
 (Cm/Test)
— RVP -11.5 psi  —
Hot Soak     Diurnal
(Cm/Test)    (Cm/Test)
14.67
14.67
14.67
13-29
6.50
5.20
24.90
24.90
18.78
14.90
13.68
14.70
22.45
22.45
22.45
18.50
13-85
9.00
48.76
48.76
36.77
29.18
26.78
28.78
14.67
14.67
14.67
13.29
0.0
5.20
24.90
24.90
18.78
14.90
13.68
14.70
22.45
22.45
22.45
18.50
0.0
9-00
48.76
48.76
36.77
29.18
26.78
28.78
 * Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient  temperature.
   Diurnal emissions • 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

 DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                          H-50

                      TABLE 1.2.9D

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR LOW ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
Fuel RVP
(DSi)
Cannister Di
7-0
9-0
10. k
11.7
Missing Fuel
7.0
9.0
10. k
11.7

80. OF
sconnect
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.$k
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
Emission Rate
87. OF

Q.kl
1.30
2.36
3-37

O.Si.
1.85
3.^3
17-28
(Grams/tti le)
_25_^OF

0.90
2. Ol»
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
Mi. 93

105. OF

1.85
4.29
4.97
11.97

Z.kk
15.58
28.51
M..93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 1971+ model year
  vehicles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                                                               i

-------
                              H-51

                          TABLE 1.2.10A

                        METHANE OFFSETS*
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED  TRUCKS I
  Model
  Years
 Pre-1975
 1975-1978
 1979-1980
 1981-1983
    1984
    1985
    1986
    1987
    1988
    1989
    1990
    1991
    1992+
       Methane Offsets (g/mi)
FTP       Bag 1        Bag 2
                                                       Bao  3
0.311
0.197
0.172
0.11*1*
0.122
0.112
0.094
0.079
0.072
0.072
0.071
0.071
0.069
0.420
0.290
0.260
0.237
0.181
0.166
0.139
0.119
0.109
0.108
0.108
0.108
0.105
0.310
a. 190
0.160
0.125
0.111
0.102
0.085
0.071
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.062
0.230
0.140
0.130
0.110
0.097
0.090
0.076
0.065
0.059
0.059
0.058
0.058
0.057
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmetnane hydrocarbon
  emissions  (NMHC), i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                H-52

                            TABLE  1.2.IOC

                  PERCENT  TECHNOLOGY  DISTRIBUTIONS
             (EXHAUST  AND  EVAPORATIVE EMISSION  SYSTEMS)
                           FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  TRUCKS  I


Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1971
1972
1973
W
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988+


A i r Pump
Only
0.0
5-0
10.0
30.0
30.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


Oxidation
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
70.0
80.0
75.0
80.0
95-0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
5-0
5.0


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5-0
10.0
20.0
30.0
ifO.O
50.0
95.0
95-0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Air Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
30.0
20.0
UO.O
50.0
60.0
60.0
75.0
75.0
55.0
55-0
50.0
EGR
System
6 3 Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
1*0.0
50.0
95-0
95.0
Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971+
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                               H-53

                           TABLE  1.2.TOD

                 PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                       (FUEL DELIVERY  SYSTEMS)
                          FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
   Model
   Years

   1981
   1982
   1983
   1984
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988
   1989
   1990
   1991
   1992+
JLarbureted
     58
     26
     19
     18
     17
     17
     99
     99
     99.8
     97.8
     12.9
    Ported
Fjjel -I njected

       0.9
       0-5
       0.2
       2.2
       6.8
      23.7
      43-2

      45^8
      52.2
      53.1
      55-7
Throttle-Body
Fuel-Injected

       0.0
       0.0
       0.0
       0.0
       4.6
      17-8
      30.3
      36.3
      35-9
      30.6
      29.8
      31-4
DATE :  MAY ig, 1989

-------
H-54
                                                          TABLE  1  2. 11*
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19.  1989
                                         BY MODEL  VEAR  EMISSION LEVELS  FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUIV GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS  I
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
1985 1986 1987
MV* E** MY*
1966 16.3 1967
1967 16.2 1968
1968 13.7 1969
1969 13.5 197O
197O 13.7 1971
1971 12.4 1972
1972 8.9 1973
1973 8.7 1974
1974 8.6 1975
1975 8.1 1976
1976 7.8 1977
1977 7.6 1978
1978 5.9 1979
1979 4.7 198O
198O 4.4 1981
1981 2.7 1982
1982 2.5 1983
1983 2.3 1984
1984 1.9 1985
198S 1.5 1986

January 1 of Calendar Year
1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
E** MV* E*» HY*
16.3 1968 13.9 1969
13.8 1969 13.8 197O
13.7 197O 14.1 1971
14. O 1971 12.9 1972
12.7 1972
9.O 1973
89 1974
8.7 1975
8.3 1976
8.1 1977
7.8 1978
6.1 1979
5.O 19BO
4.7 1981
2.9 1982
2.7 1983
2.5 1984
2.2 1985
1.6 1986
1 . 4 1987

1997 1998 1999
MY* E** MV*
1978 8.O 1979
1979 7. 1 198O
198O 7.O 1981
1981 4.1 1982
1982 4. 1 1983
1983 4.O 1984
1984 3.7 1985
1985 2.4 1986
1986 2.3 1987
1987 2. 1 1988
1988 2.1 1989
1989 2.O 199O
199O .9 1991
1991 .9 1992
1992 . 7 1993
1993 .6 1994
1994 .5 1995
1995 .4 1996
1996 3 1997
1997 .2 1998
9.1 1973
9.O 1974
8.9 1975
8.5 1976
8.3 1977
8.1 1978
64 1979
5.3 198O
S.O 1981
3.O 1982
2.9 1983
2.7 1984
2.4 1985
1.7 1986
1.5 1987
1.3 1988

E** MV* E
** MY* E** MV*
13.9 197O 14.5 1971 13.4 1972
14.3 1971 13.2 1972 9.4 1973
13.1 1972 9.3 1973 9.3 1974
9.2 1973
9. 1 1974
9.O 1975
8.7 1976
8.5 1977
8.3 1978
6.6 1979
5.5 1980
5.3 1981
3.2 1982
3.0 1983
2.9 1984
2.6 1985
1.8 1986
1.6 1987
1.4 1988
1.3 1989

200O 2003
E** HY* E*» HV*
7.3 198O
7.1 1981
4.2 1982
4.2 1983
4.1 1984
3.9 1985
2.5 1986
2.3 1987
2.2 1988
2.2 1989
2 . 1 199O
2.O 1991
.9 1992
.8 1993
.8 1994
.7 1995
.6 1996
.4 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
•MV -- Indicates the model
7.2 1981
4.2 1982
4.1 1983
4.1 1984
3.9 1985
2.5 1986
2.3 1987
2.2 1988
2. 1 1989
2.1 1990
2.O 1991
.9 1992
.8 1993
.8 1994
.7 199S
.6 1996
.5 1997
.4 1998
.2 1999
.2 20OO
year.
•*£ -- Indicates the average grams/ml
9.2 1974
9.1 1975
8.8 1976
8.7 1977
8.5 1978
6.8 1979
5.8 1980
5.S 1981
3.3 1982
3.2 1983
3.0 1984
2.7 1985
.9 1986
.7 1987
.5 1988
.4 1989
.3 199O
January
2005
9.2 1975
9.O 1976
8.9 1977
8.7 1978
7.O 1979
6.O 198O
5.8 1981
3.5 1982
3.4 1983
3.2 1984
2.9 1985
2.0 1986
.8 1987
.6 1988
.5 1989
.4 199O
.3 1991
E** MV*
9.4 1973
9.4 1974
9.3 1975
9.2 1976
9.O 1977
8.9 1978
7.2 1979
6.2 19BO
6.0 1981
3.6 19B2
3.5 1983
3.4 19B4
3.1 1985
2.1 1986
.9 1987
.7 1988
.6 1989
.5 199O
.4 1991
.3 1992
E*» MY* E
94 1974
94 1975
93 1976
9.2 1977
9.O 1978
7.4 1979
64 1980
6.2 1981
3.8 1982
3.6 1983
3.5 1984
3.2 1985
22 1986
2O 19B7
8 1988
B 19B9
7 199O
.5 1991
4 1992
.3 1993
** MY* E** MV* E
94 1975
95 1976
93 1977
9.2 1978
76 1979
66 198O
64 1961
39 1982
38 19B3
36 1984
3.4 1985
2.3 1986
2. 1 1987
9 1988
.9 1989
8 1 990
.7 1991
.6 1992
.4 1993
3 1994
95 1976
9.4 1977
9.3 1978
7.7 1979
6.7 I960
66 1981
3.9 1982
3.8 1983
3.7 1984
3.5 1985
2.3 1986
2 1 1987
9 1986
.9 1989
.8 1990
7 1991
6 1992
5 1993
.4 1994
. 3 1995
** MV +
95 1977
9.4 1978
7 8 1979
6.9 198O
6.7 1981
4.O 1982
39 1983
38 1984
36 1985
2.3 1986
2.2 1987
20 1988
? 0 1989
1 9 199O
18 1991
1 7 1992
1.6 1993
1 5 1994
13 1995
1 3 1996
E**
95
7.9
7 O
68
4 O
4.O
39
36
2 4
22
2.O
2 .O
9
B
8
6
5
4
3
2
1 of Calendar Year
2OOB 2010 2012
E** MY* E** MY* E** MV*
4.3 1984
4.2 1985
4.1 1986
3.9 1987
2.5 1988
2 1 1989
2.2 1990
2.2 1991
2.1 1992
2.O 1993
2.O 1994
.9 1995
.8 1996
.7 1997
.6 1998
.5 1999
.4 2OOO
.3 2001
.2 2O02
. 1 2003

1 e em 1 ss 1 on
4.1 1986
2.6 1987
2.5 1988
2.3 1989
2.3 1990
2.3 1991
2.2 1992
2.2 1993
2. 1 1994
2.O 1995
2.O 1996
.9 1997
.8 1998
7 1999
.6 2OOO
5 2O01
.4 2O02
.3 2O03
.2 2OO4
. 1 2O05

2.5 1989
2.4 199O
2.4 1991
2.4 1992
2.3 1993
2.3 1994
2.2 1995
2 . 1 1996
2.1 1997
2.O 1998
.9 1999
.9 2000
.6 20O1
.7 20O2
.6 2OO3
.5 2004
4 2O05
.3 2O06
.2 2OO7
. 1 2008

level for model year
E»* MY*
2.5 1991
2.4 1992
2.4 1993
2.3 1994
2.3 1995
2.2 1996
2.2 1997
2 . 1 1998
21 1999
2.0 2000
.9 2OO1
.9 2O02
.8 2O03
.7 2004
.6 2O05
.5 2O06
.4 2OO7
.3 2OOB
.2 2OO9
. 1 2O10

E** MV* E
2.5 1993
2.4 1994
2.4 1995
2.3 1996
2.3 1997
2.2 1998
2.2 1999
2 . 1 2OOO
2. 1 2OO1
2 . 0 2OO2
9 2OO3
.9 2004
.B 2005
7 2006
6 2007
.5 2OO8
.4 2009
.3 2O1O
2 2O11
. 1 2O12

2015
*» MY* E
2 5 1996
24 1997
2.4 1998
2.3 1999
2 3 2OOO
22 2001
2 . 2 2002
2 1 2003
2 1 2O04
2 . 0 2005
2.0 2006
9 2O07
8 2008
. 7 2OO9
6 2O1O
5 201 1
4 20 12
3 2013
.2 2014
1 20 15

2O18
** MV* E
2 5 1999
2 . 4 20OO
2 . 4 2OO 1
2.3 2002
2.3 2003
2.2 2004
2 2 2O05
2 . 1 2006
2 1 2OO7
2.0 2008
2.0 2009
.9 2O10
8 20 1 1
7 2O 1 2
6 2O 13
.5 2014
4 2O 15
3 2016
2 2017
1 20 18

"MY" on January 1 of the given calendar year.
2O2O
*» MV*
2.5 20O1
2 . 4 20O2
2.4 2003
2 3 2O04
2.3 2O05
2 . 3 2OO6
2 . 2 2007
2 1 2008
2 t 2OO9
2O 2O 1O
2O 2O 1 1
9 2O 12
8 2013
7 2014
6 2O 15
5 2016
.4 2O 17
3 2018
.2 2O 19
. 1 2020

These
E**
2.5
2 4
2.4
2 3
23
2 3
2.2
2 1
2 1
2 0
2 0
9
8
. 7
6
5
4
3
2
1


      emission  levels are calculated for the baste test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
      In cold start. 52.IX of VMT  in stabilized, and 27 3% of VMT  In hot start. 6O TO 84F diurnal. 75F For hot soak
      and running  toss emissions.  9.O pst fuel RVP. 54.57% average  In-use fuel tank level. Including refueling emissions.
      Emissions are based on the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given  In Table 1.2.4A.

-------
H-5
                                                          TABLE  1
                                         BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  1
                                                               CO
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19.  19B9
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985
MY* E**
1966 116 4
1967 115.4
1968 97 . 2
1969 95.9
197O 88.9
1971 87. 0
1972 74.2
1973 72.5
1974 7O.7
1975 54 2
1976 52. 0
1977 49.7
1978 47.1
1979 3O.9
198O 28.2
1981 2O. 4
1982 18.5
1983 16.5
1984 11.1
19B5 7.2
1986 1987 1988 1989 I99O 1991 1992 1993 (994 1995 1996
MY* E** MY*
1967 H6. 4 1968
1968 98. 4 1969
1969 97.2 197O
197O 9O.7 1971
1971 BB.9 1972
1972 75.8 1973
1973 74.2 1974
1974 72.5 1975
1975 56.3 1976
1976 54.2 1977
1977 52. O 1978
1978 49.7 1979
1979 33.5 198O
1980 30.9 1981
1981 22.1 1982
1982 20.4 1983
1983 18.5 1984
1984 13.3 1985
1985 7.9 1986
1986 5.9 1987
E** MV*
99.6 1969
96 4 197O
92.3 1971
9O.7 1972
77.2 1973
75 8 1974
74.2 1975
SB. 2 1976
56.3 1977
54.2 (976
52. O 1979
35.6 198O
33.5 1981
23.6 1982
22.1 1983
2O. 4 1984
15.3 1985
9.O 1986
6.6 1987
4 . 6 1988
E** MY*
99 6 197O
93.8 197 t
92 3 1972
78.6 1973
77.2 1974
75.8 1975
6O.O 1976
58.2 1977
56.3 1978
54.2 1979
38 . 1 19BO
35. B 1981
25.3 1982
23.6 1983
22.1 1984
17.2 1985
10. O 1986
7.7 1987
53 1988
5.4 1989
E** MY*
95 3 1971
93.8 1972
79.9 1973
78. 6 1974
77.2 1975
61 7 1976
6O O 1977
SB. 2 1978
56.3 1979
4O.1 I98O
38 1 1981
26.7 1962
25.3 1983
23.8 1984
19. O 1985
1O. 9 1986
6.7 1987
6.4 1988
6 1 1989
5.4 1990
E** MV*
95.3 1972
81.1 (973
79.9 1974
78.6 1975
63.2 1976
61.7 1977
6O.O t978
58.2 1979
42.1 1980
4O. t 1981
28.1 1982
26.7 1983
25.3 t9B4
2O. 6 1985
11.8 1986
9.7 1987
7.4 1988
7.2 1989
61 199O
5.4 1991
E** MY*
82.2 1973
61 . 1 1974
79.9 1975
64.7 1976
63 2 1977
61.7 1978
6O O 1979
43.9 1980
42.1 1981
29.3 1982
2B.1 1983
26.7 1984
22.2 1985
12.6 1986
tO. 5 1987
83 1988
B.2 (989
7.2 199O
61 1991
5.4 1992
E*» MY*
82 2 1974
81.1 1975
66.0 1976
64.7 1977
63.2 (978
61.7 1979
45 5 I98O
43 9 (981
30 5 (982
29 3 1983
28 1 1984
23.6 1985
13 4 1986
11.4 1987
9.2 1988
9.2 1989
8 2 199O
72 1991
6 1 1992
52 1993
E*» MY*
82 2 t975
67 3 1976
66 O 1977
64 7 I97B
63 2 1979
471 198O
45 5 1981
316 1982
30 5 1983
29 3 1984
24 9 t985
14 1 1986
121 1987
10 0 19BB
1O 1 1989
92 199O
82 1991
7 1 1992
59 1993
52 1994
E** MY*
68 5 1976
67 3 1977
66 O 197S
64 7 1979
48 6 I960
47 1 19B1
32 6 t982
316 1983
3O 5 1984
26 2 1985
14 B 1986
12 B 19B7
1O 8 1988
1O 9 19B9
1O O 199O
91 1991
82 1992
7 O 1993
59 1994
5.2 1995
E'* MV+
6B 5 1977
67 3 1978
66 O 1979
49 9 1980
48 6 19B1
33 5 1983
32 6 1983
31 6 1984
27 3 1985
15 4 1986
13.5 1987
115 1988
117 1989
1O 9 1990
10 O 1991
9 1 1992
8 O 1993
7 O 1994
59 1995
52 1996
E**
ea 5
67 3
512
49.9
34 4
33 5
32 6
28 4
16 O
14 1
12 2
12 4
116
1O 8
10. O
9.O
B O
7 O
59
52
January t of Calendar Year
1997
HY* E**
1978 68.5
1979 52.4
198O 51.2
1981 35.2
1982 34.4
1983 33.5
1984 29.4
1985 16.5
1986 14.7
1987 12.8
I9BB 13.0
1989 12.3
199O 11.6
1991 1O. B
1992 9.8
1993 9.O
1994 B.O
1995 7.O
1996 5.9
1997 5.2
1998 1999 20OO 2OO3 2005 20O8 2O1O 2O12 2OI5 2OIB 2O2O
MV * E * * MV *
1979 53.5 19BO
1980 52.4 t9B1
1981 36. O 1982
1982 35.2 1983
1983 34.4 1984
1984 3O.4 1985
1985 17.0 1986
1986 15.2 19B7
1987 13.4 1988
1988 13.7 19B9
1989 13. O 1990
1990 12.3 1991
1991 1 1 .6 1992
1992 tO. 7 t993
1993 9.B 1994
t994 9.O t995
t995 8.O 1996
1996 7.O 1997
1997 5.9 1998
1998 5.2 1999
•MV -- Indicates the model
E** MY*
53.5 1961
36.7 1982
36.0 1983
35.2 1984
31.2 t985
17.5 t9B6
15.8 1987
13.9 1988
14.2 1989
13.6 199O
13 O 1991
12 3 1992
11.4 1993
1O. 7 1994
9.8 1995
90 1996
SO 1997
7.O 1998
5.9 1999
5.2 2OOO
year .
**E -- Indicates the average grams/™
E * * MV *
37.3 1984
36.7 1985
36. O 1986
32. t 1987
17.9 1988
16.2 1989
14.4 1990
14.8 1991
14.2 1992
13.6 1993
13.0 1994
12 1 1995
11.4 1996
10.7 1997
9.8 1998
9.O 1999
8.0 2000
7 O 2O01
5.9 2002
5.2 2003>

E** MV*
34.2 1986
19.1 1987
17.5 1988
15.7 1989
16.2 1990
15.7 1991
15.2 1992
14.7 1993
14. O 1994
13.4 1995
12. B 1996
12.1 1997
11.4 1998
1O 7 1999
9.8 2OOO
9.0 2OO1
BO 2OO2
7 . O 2OO3
59 2004
5.2 2OO5

lie emission level for
£*• MY*
161 19B9
16.5 199O
17. O 1991
16.6 1992
16.1 1993
15.7 1994
15.1 1995
14 6 1996
14. O 1997
13.4 1998
12.8 1999
12 1 2OOO
It .4 2001
1O 7 20O2
98 2O03
9.O 2O04
8 O 20O5
7.O 20O6
5.9 20O7
5.2 2008

mode 1 year
E** MY*
17.6 1991
17.3 1992
16.9 1993
16.4 1994
16. O 1995
15.5 1996
15. t 1997
14.6 199B
14. O 1999
13.4 2OOO
12. B 2OO1
12. t 2OO2
11.4 2O03
10.7 2OO4
9.8 20O5
90 2006
8.0 2OO7
7 . O 2OO8
5.9 2OO9
5.2 2O1O

E** MY*
17 6 1993
17.1 1994
16 8 1995
16 4 1996
16. O 1997
15 5 1998
15. 1 1999
14 6 2OOO
14 .O 2O01
13 4 2002
12.8 2003
12 . 1 2004
114 2005
1O 7 2O06
98 2007
9 O 2O08
8 O 2OO9
7 0 2010
59 201 1
5.2 2O12

•MV" on January 1 of
E*» MY*
17 5 1996
17. 1 1997
16 8 1998
16 4 1999
16 0 200O
15 5 2OO1
15 1 20O2
14 6 2OO3
14 0 20O4
134 2OO5
12 8 2006
12.1 20O7
114 2008
1O 7 20O9
98 2O tO
9 O 2O t 1
8 O 2O 12
7 O 2O 1 3
59 2O14
52 2O15

E** MV*
17 5 1999
171 2OOO
16.8 2OO1
16 4 2OO2
16 0 2003
155 2OO4
15. t 2OO5
14 6 2O06
14 O 2007
13 4 2O08
12.8 2O09
12. 1 2O1O
114 2O t t
1O 7 2O 12
98 2O 13
90 2014
SO 2O 15
7 O 2O 16
5 9 2O 17
52 2O IB

the given calendar year
E * * MY*
17.5 2OOI
17.1 2OO2
16. B 2003
16 4 2OO4
16 O 2005
155 2OO6
151 2OO7
146 2OO8
140 2009
13 4 2O1O
128 201 t
121 2O 12
114 20 t 3
1O. 7 2O14
98 2015
9 O 2O 16
8 O 2O 17
7 O 2O IB
59 2O 19
52 2O2O

these
E**
175
17 . 1
16 8
164
16 O
155
15 1
146
14 O
134
128
121
114
10. 7
9 8
9 0
8 O
7 0
5 9
5 2


       emission  levels  are calculated  for  the basic  test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees  F.  2O 6% of  UMI  traveled
       in cold start. 52.1%  of  VMT  In  stabilized,  and  27.3% of VMT  In hot start.   Emissions are based on
       the  January  1 mileage accumulation  figures  given  in Table  1.2.4A.

-------
 H-56
                                                          TABLE 1,2. 1 1C
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19,  1989
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS 1
                                                                NOx
1985
HV* E
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
197S
1979
I960
1981
1982
1983
19B4
19B5
1986 19B7 1988
*• MV*
3.4 1967
3.4 196B
4.3 1969
4.3 197O
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.4 1974
3.4 1975
3.O 1976
3.O 1977
3-D 1978
3.O 1979
2.2 19BO
2.2 19B1
.8 1982
.8 1983
.7 1984
.2 1985
.2 1986
E** MY*
3.4 t968
4.3 1969
4.3 197O
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.4 1974
3.4 1975
3.1 1976
3.O 1977
3.O 1978
3.O 1979
2.3 198O
2.2 1981
.8 1982
.8 1983
.8 19B4
.3 19B5
.3 1986
. 1 1987
January 1 of Calendar Year
1989 199O 1991 1992 1993
E** MV* E** MV*
.3 1969 4.3 197O
.3 197O 4.3 1971
.3 1971 4.3 1972
.3 1972 4.3 1973
.3 1973 3.5 1974
3.4 1974 3.4 1975
3.4 1975 3.1 1976
3.1 1976 3.1 1977
3.1 1977 3.1 1978
3.O 1978 3.O 1979
3.O 1979 2.4 198O
2.4 198O 2.4 1981
2.3 1981
.9 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.4 1985
.3 1986
. 1 1987
.9 1982
.9 1983
.8 1984
.5 1985
.4 1986
.2 1987
.O 1988
O.9 1988 O.8 1989
E** MV*
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.5 1974
3.5 1975
3.1 1976
3. 1 1977
3.1 1978
3. 1 1979
2.5 198O
2.4 1981
.9 1982
.9 19B3
.9 19B4
6 19B5
.5 1986
.2 1987
1.0 1988
O.9 1989
O.8 1990
E** MV*
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
3.5 1974
3.5 1975
3.1 1976
3.1 1977
3. 1 1978
3.1 1979
2.5 198O
2.5 1981
2.O 1982
.9 1983
.9 1984
.7 1965
.5 19B6
.3 1987
. 1 1988
0.9 1989
O.9 199O
O.8 1991
E** MY*
4.3 1973
3.5 1974
3.5 1975
3.2 1976
3.1 1977
3.1 197B
3. 1 1979
2.5 198O
2.5 1981
2.0 1982
2O 1983
.9 1984
7 19B5
5 19B6
3 1987
. 1 1988
.O 1989
0.9 199O
O.9 1991
O.8 1992
1994
1995 1996
E** MY* E** MY* E** MY*
3.5 1974 3.5 1975 3.2 1976
3.5 1975 3.2 1976 3.2 1977
3.2 1976 32 1977 3.2 1978
32 1977 32 1978 3.2 1979
3. 1 1978 3 1 1979 2 7 198O
3 1 1979 26 1980 2.6 1981
2.6 1980 26 19B1 2.O 1982
25 19B1 3 O 1982 2 O 1983
2.O 19B2 2O 1983 2.O 1984
2.O 19B3 2.0 1984
2.O 1984
.8 1985
6 1986
4 1987
2 19B8
O 1989
O 199O
9 1985
6 1986
4 1987
2 1988
1 1989
O 1990
O 1991
9 1985
7 1986
.5 1987
.3 1988
1 1989
1 I99O
O 1991
O 1992
O.9 1991 O 9 1992 O.9 1993
O 9 1992 O 8 1993 O 8 1994
O . 8 1993 0.8 1 994 O . 8 1995
£»* MY* E+»
32 1977 3.2
32 1978 32
32 1979 27
27 1980 27
2 7 1981 2 1
2 1 1962 2 t
20 19B3 2O
2O 19B4 2O
2O 1985 7
17 1986 .5
5 1987 3
3 1988 .2
2 1989 2
1 1990 1
1 1991 1
O 1992 O
09 1993 O 9
O 9 1994 O 9
u 8 1995 O 8
O.8 1996 OB
January 1 of Ca 1 endar Year
1997 199B 1999 20OO 2OO3 2OOS 20O8 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2O2O
MV* E** HY* E** MV* E** MY* E** HY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MV* E** MY* E * * MY* E** MY* E * * MY* E * *
1978 3.2 1979 2.8 19BO 2.8 1981 2.1 1984 2.3 1986
1979 2.8 198O 2.8 1981 2. 1 1982 2. 1 1985
198O 2.7 1981 2.1 1982 2.1 1983 2.1 1986
1981 2.1 19B2 2.1 1983 2.1 1984 2.2 1987
1982 2.1 1983 2.1 1984 2.2 1985
1983 2. 1 1984 2. 1 1985
1984 2. 1 1985
1985
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
.8 1986
.6 19B7
.4 1988
.2 19B9
. 2 199O
.2 1991
. 1 1992
.0 1993
.O 1994
.8 1966
.6 1987
4 1988
.3 1989
2 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
. 1 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
.8 1966
.6 1987
. 4 1988
.3 1989
.3 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
. t 1993
. 1 1994
.0 1995
.O 1996
.8 1988
.7 19B9
.5 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
-2 1994
.2 1995
. 1 1996
. 1 1997
.O 199B
.O 1999
.9 1987
7 1988
.5 1989
.4 1990
.4 1991
.4 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.2 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
. 1 1996
. 1 1999
.O 20OO
.O 20O1
6 1969
.6 199O
5 1991
.4 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
.3 1995
3 1996
.3 1997
.2 1998
2 1999
.2 2000
. 1 20O1
. 1 2OO2
.O 2O03
.O 20O4
.5 1991
.5 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
.4 1995
.4 1996
.3 1997
3 199B
.3 1999
.2 2OOO
.2 2O01
.2 2OO2
. 1 2003
. 1 2OO4
O 2OO5
O 20O6
5 1993
4 1994
.4 1995
.4 1996
4 1997
4 1998
3 1999
.3 20OO
.3 2001
.2 2O02
.2 2OO3
.2 2O04
. 1 2OO5
. 1 2OO6
5 1996
.4 1997
4 1998
.4 1999
4 20OO
.4 2OO1
3 2002
. 3 2003
. 3 2OO4
2 2OO5
2 2O06
2 2OO7
1 20OB
1 2OO9
O 2007 1 .O 2010
O 2008 10 2011
.5 1999
. 4 200O
4 2OO1
. 4 2O02
4 2OO3
4 2OO4
3 2OO5
3 2OO6
3 2OO7
2 2OO8
. 2 2OO9
.2 2O 1O
.1 2O 1 t
1 20 12
0 2013
O 2O 14
5 20O1
4 2002
. 4 2O03
4 2O04
4 20O5
4 2OO6
3 2007
. 3 2OO8
3 2OO9
2 2010
2 201 1
2 2012
1 20 13
1 20 14
5
.4
4
.4
4
4
3
.3
3
2
2
2
. 1
1
.0 2015 10
O 2O 16 1O
1994 O.9 1995 O.9 1996 O.9 1997 O.9 20OO O 9 2OO2 0.9 2005 0.9 2O07 0.9 20O9 09 2O12 09 2015 O 9 2O17 O 9
1995 0.9 1996 O.9 1997 O.9 1998 O 9 2O01 O.9 2OO3 0.9 2O06 0.9 2O08 O 9 2O1O OS 2O13 OS 2OI6 O 9 2O18 O 9
1996 O.8 1997 O. 8 1998 O 8 1999 O.8 2OO2 O.8 2O04 O 8 20O7 OB 2OO9 O.8 2O1 1 OB 2O14 08 2O17 O 8 2O19 OB
1997 O.B 199B O.8 1999 O.8 2OOO O.8 2OO3 O.B 2OO5 O.8 2OOB O.8 2O1O O.8 2O12 OB 2O15 O 8 2OIB O 8 2O2O O 8
*MV -- Indicates the modal year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mite emission level  for model  year "MV*  on January I  of  the given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the baste test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.  2O 6% of  VMI  traveled
       In cold start. 52.IK of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3% of  VMT In hot start.   Emissions  are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures  given in Table  1.2.4A.

-------
  CO
                                  H-57

                              TABLE 1.3.1A

                 NONTAMPERED EXHAUST  EMISSION RATES FOR
                              LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
                         • BER = ZML + (OR ' M)
        Model     Zero Mile   Deterioration
  Pol   Years  Emission Level     Rate
  HC
  50.000 Mile   100.000 Mile
Emission Level  Emission Level
   NOk
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1976
1979-1980
1981-1983
1964
1965
19B6
19B7
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
9.570
6.280
6.280
0.870
0.820
0.700
0.410
0.360
0.310
0.370
0.370
0.370
0 370
0.360
93.980
60.080
60 . 080
12.280
12.580
9.430
7.030
5.760
4.420
5.290
5.260
5.220
5.210
5.070
5.440
6.450
4.610
.770
.640
.120
.240
.080
0.910
0.820
0.820
0.810
0.810
0.780
0. 180
0.250
0. 170
0.280
0. 150
0. 150
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
2.250
2.550
2.440
2.430
1.460
1.460
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.0
0.0
0.040
0.060
0.030
0.070
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
10.470
7,530
7. 130
2.270
1 .570
1 .450
0.810
0-750
0.710
0.770
0.770
0.770
0.770
0.7SO
105.230
72.830
72.280
24.430
19.880
16.730
10.680
9.410
.070
.940
.910
.870
.860
.720
5.440
6.450
4.810
2.070
1.790
1.470
1 .440
1.280
1 . 110
1.020
1.020
1.010
1.010
0.9BO
1 1
a
7
3
2
i
1
1
i
1
1
1
1
1
116
85
84
36
27
24
14
13
1 1
12
12
12
12
12
5
6
5
2








1
1
370
780
980
670
320
200
210
160
110
170
170
170
170
. 160
.480
.580
.480
.580
.180
.030
.330
.060
.720
.590
.560
.520
.5.10
.370
.440
.450
.010
.370
.940
.820
.640
.480
.310
.220
.220
.210
.210
.180
• WHERE :    BER * Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates m grams/mile,
            ZML • Zero mile level m grams/mile.
            OR  • Deterioration rate m grams/ml1«/10K miles.
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10.00O miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-58
                                   TABLE 1.3.1B

                            EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1991
1992+
CO Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pr«-197O
1970-1972
1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1982
1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Emission
. 	 QK
9
€
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
93
€0
60
20
13
13
13
9
7
6
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
.570
.280
.280
.684
.900
.900
.896
.770
,476
.423
.362
.422
.412
.960
.080
.080
.491
.270
.270
.222
.978
.531
.214
.709
.579
.549
.509
.499
.359
.440
.450
.487
.646
.108
.640
.640
.122
.243
.085
.923
.833
.823
.793
25K
10.020
6.905
6.705
2.685
1.423
1 .427
1 .418
1 .286
0.812
0.749
0.669
0.728
0.718
99 . 605
66.455
66. 180
29 . 303
18.537
18.614
18.489
15. 194
10.840
9.314
7.542
8.384
8.354
8.314
8.304
8.164
5.440
6.450
6.506
4.765
2.435
1.786
1.787
1.372
1.422
1.269
1.134
1.008
0.998
0.968
50K
10.470
7.530
7. 130
3.779
1 .982
1 .992
1 .977
1 .840
1. 184
1. 105
1,003
1.060
1 .050
105.230
72.830
72.280
39.056
24.336
24.555
24.332
21.032
14.748
12.879
10.769
11.559
11.529
11.489
11.479
11.339
5.440
6. 450
6.525
4.884
2.762
1.981
1.982
1.672
1.652
1.505
1.400
1.211
1.201
1.171
Rate (Grams/Mile)

10
8
7
4
2
2
. 2
2





110
79
78
48
30
30
30
27
18
16
14
14
14
14
14
14
5
6
6
5
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
J75K
.920
. 155
.555
.933
.565
.581
.559
,416
.577
.480
,353
.408
.398
.855
.205
.380
.433
.358
,725
.390
.068
.841
.607
. 116
.852
.822
.782
.772
.632
.440
.450
.545
.002
.089
.245
.246
.042
.951
.812
,740
.447
.437
.407
_100K
1 1
8
7
5
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
116
85
84
57
36
36
36
33
23
20
17
18
18
18
18
17
5
6
6
5
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
.370
.780
.980
.887
. 157
. 180
. 150
.000
.978
.864
.710
.762
.752
.480
.580
.480
.809
.476
.988
.536
. 177
.000
.400
.506
. 188
. 158
. 118
.108
.968
.440
.450
.564
. 121
.416
.509
.511
.413
.252
.120
.083
.684
.674
.644
1 1
9
8
6
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
122
91
90
67
42
43
42
39
27
24
20
21
21
21
21
21
5
6
6
5
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
125K
.820
,405
.405
.942
,742
.771
.733
.576
.372
.241
.062
. 112
.102
.105
.955
.580
. 185
.517
. 174
.609
.221
.100
.139
.860
.489
.459
.419
.409
.269
.440
.450
.583
.240
.744
.773
.776
.783
.552
.428
.424
.920
.910
.880
150K
^^^f^^H
12.270
10.030
8.830
7.9S7
4.322
4.357
4.312
4. 150
2.763
2.615
2.410
2.458
2.448
127.730
98.330
96 . 680
75.826
48.515
49.316
48.641
45.230
31, 167
27.849
24. 194
24.770
24.740
24,700
24 . 690
24.550
5.44Q
6.450
6.602
5.359
4,071
3.038
3.041
3.153
2.852
2.735
2.764
2.155
2. 145
2.115
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-59
                              TABLE 1.3-2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
node)
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
— - RVP - 9
Crankcase Hot Soak
(Gm/Mile) (Cm/Test)
5.70 18.08
0.0 18.08
0.0 2. U6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.35
.35
.35
.35
.30
.15
.00
o.o 0.96
o.o 0.96
o.o 0.96
o.o 0.96
o.o 0.9**
.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
1*2.33
1*2.33
5.16
2.98
2.99
2.99
2.97
2.87
2.5^
2.19
2.12
2.10
2.07
2.07
2.02
--- RVP = 11
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
27-66
27.66
l».30
3-05
3.06
3.06
3.05
2.98
2.77
2.56
2.1,7
2.1*8
2.5*»
2.56
2.53
.5 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
77.89
77-89
11*. 1*7
ll.i»l*
11.1*6
il.i»7
11.38
11.00
9.71*
8.38
8.12
8.07
7.91*
7-93
7-75
* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to 81*F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 1*0* tank level.

DATE :  HAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-60
                                TABLE  1.3.2B

                        TAMPERING  OFFSETS  FOR  TOTAL
                   CRANKCASE  AND EVAPORATIVE  HC EMISSIONS*
                              FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS  II
                        AT VARIOUS  MILEAGE  INTERVALS
Model
Fuel RVP Years
9-0 Pre-196?
1967-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+
11.5 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+

OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Tamper i
2gK
0.0
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.0
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.0k
0.0k
0.04
0.04
0.04
ng Offset (Grams/Mi 1e) **
50K
0.0
0.02
0.02
0.12
0.12
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.0
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.15
0.15
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.11
0.11
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
75K
^^t^^^^*
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.19
0.19
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.24
0.24
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.16
100K
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.26
0.26
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.33
0.33
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.25
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.22
125K
0.0
0.06
0.06
0.33
0.33
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.0
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.42
0.42
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.35
0.32
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.28
IgOK
0.0
0.08
0.08
0.40
0.40
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.0
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.52
0.51
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.35
0.35
0-35
0.35
0.34
 * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0 to 84.OF,
   Fuel RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank level of  40.0%.

** Based on averages of 4.24 trips per day and 30.80 miles per day.

 DATE : HAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-61

                              TABLE 1.3.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
  Model        Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate  (Grams/Mile)
  Years          (psi)        80.0F       87.OF       95.OF

 Pre-1979
1979-1980
  1981 +
7.0
9-0
10.4
11.7
7-0
9.0
10.4
n.7
7-0
9-0
10.4
11.7
0.36
0.58
1.06
2.88
0.24
0.39
0.68
1.72
0.05
0.07
0.13
0.36
0.52
1.50
2.70
3.85
0.42
1.20
1.70
2.30
0.06
0.13
0.30
0.47
1.13
2.62
4.00
8.20
0-97
2.21
2.38
4.79
0.18
0.42
0.50
1.03
2.16
4.81
5-63
13.64
1.39
2.88
3-23
7-90
0.20
0.62
0.75
1.73
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-62

                             TABLE  1.3.2D

                       REFUELING EMISSIONS*  FOR
                             LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II


Model Fuel
Years (mi
Pre-1971
1971
1972
1973-197'*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986-1987
1988
1989-1991
1992
1993-1997
1998+


Economy
les/qal)
11.1
10.7
10.8
10.6
11.9
12.3
13-3
13-0
12.6
15-7
17.0
17-3
17.6
17.2
17-3
18.0
17-7
17-8
17.8
17-7
17-6


Uncontrol led
(qrams/mi 1e)
0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.3*
0.33
0.33
0.3**
0.33
0,32
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
With
Volati 1 ity
Control**
(grams/mi le)
0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0-37
0.34
0.33
0.33
0.3*
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.26
0.26
0.26

With
Onboard**
(grams/mi le)
0.52
0.5*
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.3*
0.33
0.33
0.3*
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.04
0.04
With both
Volati 1 ity
and Onboard**
(grams/mi le)
0.52
0.54
0.53
0.54
0.48
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.37
0.34
0-33
0-33
0.3*
0-33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.03
0.03
0.03
* Refueling Emissions  (g/mi) •  [Displacement  (g/gal)
  + Spillage  (g/gal)] / Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with 7-0/7-8/9.0 RVP fuels
   for ASTH class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed to start  in  1993,
   and apply to LOGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                             H-63

                                         TABLE  1.3.3

                        HOT  STABILIZED 'IDLE EMISSIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
Po1
HC













CO









k
\
f



NOx.













woaei
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pr«-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Zero Mi le
100.20
63.60
12. 12
12.53
9. 16
6.34
3.94
4.24
3.33
5.31
5.30
5.29
5.28
4.97
1138.80
691 .80
691 .80
242.33
138.85
137.24
1 38 . 29
110.50
42.85
29.68
25.35
39.07
38.12
36.97
36.76
32.63
4.80
6.00
4.20
3.98
7.34
7,31
7,37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.6S
1.61
50.000 Mi le
109.20
75.60
30.12
37.88
23.54
21 .46
11.23
1 1 .46
10,53
12.73
12.72
12.71
12.70
12.39
1273.80
847.80
838.80
440. 18
267.69
266 . 08
267. 13
239.31
107,52
94.35
90.01
103.65
102.72
101.57
101.34
97, 19
4.80
6.00
4.20
3.98
7.34
7.31
7,37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1 .61
                                               Emission Rate (Grams/Hour)
                                                	       	 In-use Level- 	
                                                   100.OOP Mile     50.OOP Mile    100.000 Mile
                                                       118.20
                                                        87.60
                                                        48. 12
                                                        63.30
                                                        37.85
                                                        35.96
                                                        18.57
                                                        18.79
                                                        17.85
                                                        20. 12
                                                        20. 11
                                                        20. 10
                                                        20.09
                                                        19.77

                                                      1408.80
                                                      1003.80
                                                       985.80
                                                       638.01
                                                       396.51
                                                       394.90
                                                       395.95
                                                       368.08
                                                       172.13
                                                       156.98
                                                       154.62
                                                       168.23
                                                       167.32
                                                       166.17
                                                       165.92
                                                       161.76

                                                         4.80
                                                         6.00
                                                         4.20
                                                         3.98
                                                          .34
                                                          .31
                                                          .37
                                                          .62
7.
7.
7.
7.
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
 114.55
  30.95
  35.47
  43.23
  28.90
  2S.81
  16.58
  16.81
  15.88
  18.08
  18.07
  18.06
  18.05
  17.74

1305.43
 879.43
 870.43
 471.81
 299.33
 297.72
 298.77
 270.94
 139.15
 125.98
 121 .64
 135.28
 134.35
 133.20
 132.97
 128.82

   4.80
   6.00
   4.20
   3.98
   7.34
    .31
    .37
    .€2
7.
7.
7,
6.96
2.00
1.73
1 .66
1.65
                              129.84
                               99.24
                               59.76
                               74 .94
                               49.49
                               47 .60
                               30.21
                               30  42
                               29.49
                               31
                               31
                               31
                               31
                 .75
                 .75
                 .74
                 .73
  31 .41

1480.64
1075.64
1057,64
 709.84
 468.35
 466.74
 467.79
 439.92
 243.97
 230.82
 226.46
 240.07
 239. 16
 238.01
 237.76
 233.60

   4.80
   6.00
   4.20
   3.98
   7.34
   7.31
   7.37
   7.62
   6.96
   2.00
   1 .73
   1 .66
                                                                                            65
                                                          1.61
                                                                          1.61
                                                                                          1.61
* In-us* emission l«v«1  includes tampering.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-61t
 Model
 Year
Index**
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                     TABLE 1.3.4A

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     LOW ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
            (per truck  *)	(fleet)
                                       Jan  1
                                      Mi leage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
0.070
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
17608,
16217.
14937-
13758.
12671.
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
17608.
17260.
15897-
14642.
13486.
2201.
13163.
29731-
1*4991.
59047-
    0.072
    0.067
    0.062
    0.057
    0.051

    0.047
    0.041
    0.036
    0.031
    0.026

    0.021
    0.016
    0.011
    0.007
    0.044
11671-
10749.
 9901.
 9119.
 8399-

 7736.
 7125.
 6562.
 6044.
 5567.

 5127.
 4723.
 4350.
 4006.
 3690.
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051

0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026

0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
12421.
11440.
10537-
 9705.
 8939.

 8233-
 7583-
 6984.
 6432.
 5925.

 5457.
 5026.
 4630.
 4264.
 3927-
 71992.
 83915-
 94897-
105012.
114329.

122909.
130812.
138092.
144796.
150970.

156658.
161896.
166721.
171165-
175257.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local  area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model  year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model  year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model  year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l)  « MAR(l)  and.
            JMAR(MYI)  - .25*MAR(MYI)  + .75*«AR (MYI-1) ,  MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                 H-65

             TABLE 1.3-^C

TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
             LOW ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
Model Year
  Index*   Trips per Day   Miles per Day

     1           4.66            48.24
     2          4.60            47-29
     3          4.54            43.55
     4          4.48            40.12
     5          4.^3            36.95
     6          4.37            34.03
     7          4.31            31.3J*
     8          4.25            28.87
     9          09            26.59
     10          4.13            24.49
     11          4.08            22.56
     12          4.02            20.78
     13          3-96            19.13
  -   14          3-90            17-62
     15          3-84            16.23
     16          3-78            14.95
     17          3.72            13-77
     18          3-67            12.68
     19          3.6!            11.68
     20+         3-55            10.76
   The  indices  refer  to  the most  recent model
   year vehicles  in any  given  calendar year.
    Index  1  references  the  newest  model year
   vehicles  and index  20+  references  the  oldest
   model  year vehicles.
  DATE  :  MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                       H-66

                                   TABLE  1-3-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION  FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
                                 JANUARY  1,  1|
            (A)         (B)
Model  LDT2 Fleet   Sales
Years Registration Fraction
(C-A*B/DAF)        (D)
    LDGT2    Annual  Mileage
Regi stration  Accrual  Rate
                                                         (CAD/TFNORM)
                                                             Travel
                                                      C*D)  Fractions
1988
1987
1986
1985
198**
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.01*7
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.041*
0.973
0.991
0.980
0.989
0.974
0.958
0.908
0.918
0-952
0.985
0.990
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.023
0.091
0.086
0.082
0.075
0.069
0.061
0.057
0.054
0.050
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
0.024
0.098
0.093
0.088
0.081
0.074
0.066
0.061
0.058
0.054
0.050
0.044
0.039
0.033
0.028
0.023
0.017
0.012
0.008
0.047
17608.
17260.
15897-
14642.
13486.
12421.
11440.
10537-
9705.
8939-
8233-
7583-
6984.
6432.
5925-
5457-
5026.
4630.
4264.
3927.
430.8
1695-8
1477-4
1295-3
1090.0
923-3
750.0
646.3
567.5
483.9
412.8
335-1
271.0
214.9
166.0
123-5
86.7
54.9
32.2
186.2
0.038
o. 151
•0.131
0.115
0.097
0.082
0.067
0.057
0.050
0.043
0.037
0.030
0.024
0.019
0.015
0.011
0.008
0.005
0.003
0.017
                       DAF: 0.929
                                           TFNORM: 11243-4
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
January 1  registration mix from Table 1.3.4A,
Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table  1.3-4A.
NOTE  :  In general,  the  travel weighting  fractions  will  change for every
        calendar year  since  the  sales  fraction (column B)  changes
        for almost  every model year.

DATE  :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                               H-67
                                           TABLE 1 .3.6A
                      SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                                 * SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF
-------
                                H-S8

                            TABLE 1.3.SB

             SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                            LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                  - SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(saaj)

                    SF(s) - A/s * B. HC & CO
                          - EXP(A + B's + C-s**2). NOx
Pollutant Soeea
   HC
           Low
                                                                                   I

                                                                                •
Moaei
Years
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Coeff idem
A
41 .27921
14.50530
13. 13510
13.72850
12.87590
12.29910
6.03710
5.02670
4 . 79940
4.76780
4.73310
4 , 72990
4.59730
B
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-o.
-0.
-0,
-0.
c
0
0
0
0
0
0
03723
01687
01228
01165
01095
01088
00821
   CO
          High
           LOW
                  1979+
                                8.10000
                                             0,0
   NOx
          High

           All
  WHERE;
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
563.61 440
168.89410
147.47639
158.07001
145.32240
137.36800
43 . 39830
30.59711
27.71680
27.31670
26 . 87669
26 . 83670
25.15649
-3.44034
0.72193
0 . 80430
0.75053
0.77799
0.76426
1 .33132
2.35788
2 . 53886
2 . 62094
2.65622
2.65943
2.79417
                  1979+
                               60.00000
                                  0.0
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
1 . 04330
0.24736
0.22790
0.24101
0.23298
0.23289
-0.03836
-0.07312
-0.08094
-0.08203
-0.08323
-0.08333
-0 . 08790
-0.026082
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0 . 026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
0.00042835
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
s    • average speed (mph),
sadj • basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction
       of cold start operation x and fraction of hot
       start operation w. [i/*a.dj « (w+x)/26 + d-w-x)/i6]
 Low • average speed < 19.6 mph.
High « average speed > 19.6 mph.
DATE  : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                              H-69

                          TABLE 1.3.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

             • TCF(1) = TC(1)*(T - 75.0).  1981+ CO.
            TCF(D) * EXP [  TC(b)«(T - 75.0) ], all others

PoL  Model  Years  Test Seament 1  Test Segment 2  Test Segment 3

HC
CO
NOx
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
-0.20623E-01
-0.24462E-01
-0.2125SE-01
-0.23517E-01
-0.26820E-01
-0.32775E-01
-0.32082E-01
-0.33863E-01
-0.29645E-01
-0.29076E-01
-0.28850E-01
-0.28022E-01
-0,279096-01
-0.27350E-01
-0. 13487E-01
-0,211266-01
-0.20843E-01
-0.24835E-01
-0. 12448E+O1
-0. 13095E*01
-0. 12B40E+O1
-0. 109146*01
-0.98O42E+00
-0.973606*00
-0.965636*00
-0.92922E+00
-0.9241O6*OO
-0.9O931E*OO
-0.168976-03
-0-250746-03
0.388556-02
-0.7GO44E-02
-0.19000E-02
-0.454796-02
-0.476576-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.432586-02
-0.432586 -O2
-0.432SBE-02
-0.432586-02
-0.432S8E-02
-0.24032E-02
-0.320176-02
-O.S2755E-03
-0.88057E-02
-0.75815E-02
-0.83176E-02
-0.85130E-02
-0. 753336-02
-0.8S205E-02
-0.90614E-02
-0.90467E-02
-0.87314E-02
-0.86831E-02
-0.88233E-02
0. 15784E-02
-0. 152896-02
-0.599S1E-02
-0.88336E-02
-0.124786-01
-0. 14584E-01
-0. 14584E-01
-0.138126-01
-0.1556SE-01
-0.162346-01
-0.16220E-01
-0.15787E-01
-0. 157216-01
-0. 15947E-01
-0.892456-02
-0.597916-02
-0.241S6E-02
-0.6BO45E-02
-0.616566-02
-0.748236-02
-0.6989O6-02
-0.89681E-02
-0.76241E-02
-0.7416O6-02
-0.735O6E-02
-0.71351E-02
-0.710616-02
-0.69285E-02
-0. 10081E-02
-0. 868846-03
0.93659E-03
-0. 16222E-02
-0.51GGOE-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.60835E-02
-0.70376E-02
-0.74167E-02
-0.7405BE-02
-0.71430E-02
-0.71027E-02
-0.72259E-O2
0. 11097E-02
0. 15749E-02
0. 182536-02
-0.11553E-02
-0.74106E-02
-0. 113716-01
-0. 11371E-O1
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.907776-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.907776-02
-0.907776-02
-0.72580E-02
-0.62690E-02
-0.211886-02
-0.541986-02
-0.49643E-02
-0.90882E-O2
-0.9O882E-02
-0.948396-02
-0.863556 -O2
-0.85833E-02
-0.8S224E-02
-0.8244O6-02
-0.82048E-02
-0.80917E-02
• WHERE :

    TCF(b) • Low temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant.
             ambient temperature (< 75F), and model year, for test segment b.
    T      • Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)   * Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The low temperature correction factor 1s used m conjunction with
       the correction factor given In Table 1.3.7C.

OAT6 :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                     H-70
                                 TABLE 1.3. 78

            HIGH (> 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION FACTORS
                               FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                  - TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)-(T - 75.0) ], Pre-1981
              TRCF(b) = EXP [ RC(b)-(RVP - 9.0) + TC(b)«(T - 75.0)
                        + TRC(b)*(RVP - 9.0)"(T - 75.0) ]. 1981 +

    Modal Years  Parameter  Tast Segment 1  Test Segment 2  Test Segment 3
HC
CO
NOx
      Pre-1970
     1970-1973
     1974-1978
     1979-19SO
     1981-1985
       1986+
      Pre-1970
     1970-1973
     1974-1978
     1979-1980
     1981-1985
       1986+
       Pre-1970
      1970-1973
      1974-1978
      1979-1980
      1981-1985
       1986+
                     TC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC

                     TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC
              14381E-01
              125S2E-01
              10888E-01
              14095E-01
            0.91402E-01
            0.44270E-02
            0.2946GE-02
            0.23202E-01
                               0.0
                               0.0
                   13219E-02
                   42667E-02
                   47925E-03
                   26179E-01
                   42060E-01
                   4S358E-02
                 0.0
                 0. 15373E+00
                 0.865SOE-02
                 0.0
                                  14691E-01
                                  38767E-01
                                  21165E-01
                                  19612E-01
                                  91345E-01
                                  S2182E-02
                                0.0
                                0.40748E-01
                                0.35170E-02
                                0.0
                            0.
                            0.
                                               0.
                                               0.
                  .37462E-02
                  .84685E-02
                 0.23603E-01
                 0.48537E-01
                   13968E+00
                   14943E-01
                 0.0
                 0.26214E+00
                 0. 14966E-01
                 O.S6416E-02
                 0.34799E-02
                 0.75843E-02
                 0.76S6SE-02
                 0.24297E-01
                 0.93179E-01
                 0.74688E-02
                 0.4727SE-02
                 0.132S3E+00
                 0.83730E-02
                 0.56009E-02

                 0.11014E-01
                 0.25179E-01
                 0.28483E-01
                 0.31439E-01
                 0.16322E+00
                 0. 14923E-01
                 0.0
                 0.23218E+00
                 0.20695E-01
                 0.82344E-02
 0.38841E-02
-0.10389E-02
-0.1B301E-01
-0.2S153E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.14219E-01
 0.0
 0.0
                                              -0.
                                              -0.
•0.87325E-02
-0.92466E-02
   10925E-01
   18603E-01
-0.40024E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.27491E-01
 0.37789E-02
 0.0
-0.
-0.
-0.
   10839E-01
   10108E-01
   18042E-01
-0.20878E-01
 0.0
 0,0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 WHERE :

   TCF(b)
             High temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant.
             ambient temperature, and model year, for test segment D,
    T      * Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit).
    TC(b)  • High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, temperature, and model year, for test segment b.
    TRCF(b)* Hign temperature and fuel RVP correction  factor
             for appropriate pollutant, ambient temperature, fuel RVP,
             and model year, for test segment b,
    RC(b)  * Fuel RVP correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, fuel RVP, and model year, for test segment b,
    RVP    - Fuel volatility 1n pal.
    TRC(b) • Combined temperature and fuel RVP correction factor coefficient
             for appropriate pollutant, fuel RVP, ambient temperature.
             and model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The temperature correction factor is used in conjunction with
       the correction factor given  m Table 1.3.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-71


                                TABLE 1.3.7C

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
CO Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-198O
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 1 Test Segment 2 Test Segment 3 Total Test

1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
__B1
.2820
.3450
.3980
.0914
.7957
.8662
.2436
.2304
.2688
.2349
.2349
.2349
.2349
.3023
.2770
.4420
.5730
.0939
.6454
.5738
.4554
.2307
.8508
.5788
.5680
.5572
.5559
.3064
.1210

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 1990-0







1
1
1
1
1
.2620
.3666
.3033
.0029
. 1665
.2406
.3832
.3974
.3976
.4113
.4113
.4452
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
D1
0250 0
0740 0
0600 0
4073 0
1898 0
2721 0
2100 0
2289 0
2603 0
2579 0
2579 0
2579 0
2579 0
2623 0
0330 1
0710 0
0540 0
3129 0
1633 0
2181 0
1471 0
1795 0
2342 0
1945 0
1958 0
1973 O
1974 0
2038 0
OO90 0
OO40 0
0220 0
0444 0
0061 0
1343 0
0724 0
0833 0
0990 0
1O94 0
1103 0
11 14 0
1 1 14 0
1151 0
B2
.9730 0
.9460 0
.8650 0
.6714 0
.4428 0
.6530 0
.2334 0
.2289 0
.2025 0
.6304 0
.6304 0
.6304 0
.6304 0
.6120 0
.0170 0
.9960 0
.9020 0
.6895 0
.4526 0
.3799 0
.2186 0
.3032 0
.4456 0
.8083 0
.8134 0
.8179 0
.8162 0
.8408 0
.7850 0
. 7930-0
.7700 0
.7444 0
.8077 0
.9223 0
.8649 0
.8611 0
.8251 0
.8384 0
.8336 0
.8294 0
.8394 0
.6185 0
D2 S3
.0260 0
.0540 0
.0550 0
.2752 0
.2024 0
.2902 0
. 1867 0
.2035 0
.2314 0
.2292 0
.2292 0
.2292 0
.2292 0
.2331 0
.0290 0
.0420 0
.0790 0
. 1805 0
. 1030 0
.1362 0
.0914 0
.1116 0
. 1455 0
. 1209 0
. 1216 0
. 1226 0
. 1226 O
.1360 0
.OO10 1
.OO20 1
.OO40 1
.0278 1
.0184 1
.0358 1
.0161 1
.0185 1
.0220 1
.0243 1
.0245 1
.0348 1
.0248 1
.0256 1
.8390
.8420
.9190
.8035
.7084
.2540
.7701
.7985
.8100
.7736
.7736
.7736
.7736
.7577
.7580
.6740
.7550
.7671
.8032
.9959
.6385
.6465
.6615
.9291
.9375
.9371
.9274
.9216
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0,
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0-
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
.3190-0.
.2450
.3420
.2111
.1381
.1461
.0941
.0634
.0672
.0085
.0175
.0151
.0151
.0104
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
D3 BO
0190 1.0000
0480 1 . 0000
0360 1 . 0000
2972 1.00OO
1645 1,0000
2358 1.0000
1633 1.0000
1781 1.0OOO
2025 1.0000
20O6 1 . OOOO
20O6 1 .OOOO
2006 1 . OOOO
2006 1.0000
2040 1 . OOOO
0250 1 . OOOO
0330 1.0OOO
0290 1.0OOO
1479
1076
1436
0971
1 185
1546
1284
1292
1302
1303
1339
0090
0060
0270
0333
0245
0537
0322
0370
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.OOOO
.0000
DO
0,0249
0.0565
0 . 0508
0 . 3082
0. 1898
0.2721
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.0287
0.0455
0 . 0602
0. 1985
0. 1 163
0. 1553
0, 1043
0. 1272
0. 1660
0. 1379
0. 1387
0 . 1 398
0. 1399
0. 1438
.0000-0.0001
. OOOO-O . OO02
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
0440 1 . OOOO
0486 1 . OOOO
0490 1.0000
0495 1.0OOO
0495 1 . OOOO
0512 1.0000
0.0140
0.0333
0.0184
0.0627
0.0322
0.0370
0 . 0440
0 . 0486
0.0490
0.0495
0 . 0495
0.0512
NOTE :  The fractions given in tms table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mode/ temperature correction factor (OMTCF),
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM3
           TERMS
           DEMON
            W
            X
           TCF(b)
[(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/OENOM],
   W   *TCF( 1)-(B1*01»M),
(1-Y-X) *TCF(2)•(B2+D2*M),
   X   -TCF(3)*(B3*D3*M).
BO * DO*M,
Fraction of VMT m the cold start mod*.
Fraction of VMT m tne  not start mod*.
Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
year, for test segment D,
Cumulative mileage / 10.OOO miles.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                      H-72

                                 TABLE  1.3.8A

              AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION  FACTOR  COEFFICIENTS  FOR
                                 LOW  ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS  II

                      * ACCF- U*V*(A +  B*(T-75) -1) +  1
Model
Years
Pre-1979
1979+
HC

0.
0.
A
1023E-H31
1000E+01

0.
0.
B
33M»E-02
3512E-02

0.
0,
CO
A
1202E+01
1130E+01

0.
0.
B
1808E-02
1528E-02

0.
0.
NOx
A
1299E+01
1221E+01
B

O.I*262E-03
* WHERE

    ACCF
    V
    U

    Dl
    DILO
    DIHI
    DB
    WB
    T
Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given  in Table  1-3.8B,
Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using  it -  (DI-DILO)/(DIHI-DI)
0<»U<-1,
Discomfort index -  (DB+WB) *.*»+!5,
The highest discomfort index where no AC  is used.
The lowest discomfort index where all vehicles with AC use  it,
Dry bulb temperature (Fahrenheit),
Wet bulb temperature (Fahrenheit),
Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                              TABLE 1.3.8B

                          ESTIMATED FRACTION OF
                              LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                      EQUIPPED WITH AIR CONDITIONING
Model
Years
Pre-1977
1977
1978+
Fraction Equipped
With Air Condition! no
0.32
0.52
0.39
                     DATE :  MAY 19.  1989

-------
                     H-73

                 TABLE  1.3-8C

  EXTRA  LOAD  CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                FOR LOW ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY  GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

          * XLCF - (XLC-1)*U + 1
Model
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
197*-1978
1979+
Coefficients '
HC CO
1.0786 1.2765
1.0l«95 1.138*
1.0556 1.13*7
1.0A55 1.3058
(XLC)
NOx
0.9535
1.0313
1.0753
1.0719
  WHERE
      XLCF - Extra load correction factor,
      U    - Fraction of VMT with an extra load,
      XLC  - Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 1.3.80

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR LOW ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

           * TTCF -  (TTC-1)*U + 1
node!
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
197*- 1978
1979+
Coefficients
HC £0
1.261* 1.9327
1.2762 1.89*0
1.7288 2.1*1*
1.5909 3-9722
(TTC)
NOx
1.1184
1.138*
1.2170
1.3875
* WHERE
    TTCF • Trailer  towing correction  factor,
    U    • Fraction of VMT  towing  a trailer,
    TTC  • Correction  factor  coefficient.
DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
   Area
Model
Years
Non-l/M  Pre-1981
           1981
With I/M Pre-1981
            198H-
                                      TABLE  1.3.9A

                              TAMPERING AND  MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
System
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i11er Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap
DATE : MAY  19,  1989

Zero Mile
Level
0.2155
0.2267
0.1037
0.1462
-0.0375
0.1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
-0.027'*
-0.0100
-0.0139
0.0087
0.0231
0.0318
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.0437
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
-0.0044
0.0085
0.0068
0.0059
0.0097
0.0156
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213

Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.0368A
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.02619
0.02074
0.01374
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00711*
0.001*19
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.033^2
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.0131*9
0.011*81*
0.00871*
0.00618
0.00370
0.00380
0.00554
0. 00931*
0.00315
0.01349
0.011*81*

Det.
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
O.OJ45/41
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.00380
0.00554
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
50,000
Mi le
Level
0.347
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.104
0.094
0.055
0.055
0.013
0.067
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
0.039
0.039
0.025
0.025
0.037
0.062
0.009
0.049
0.053
100,000
Mi le
Level
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.235
0.207
0.164
0.101
0.002
0.103
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
0.117
0.206
0.079
0.044
0.065
0.109
0.025
0.116
0.127

-------
                                      H-75

                                  TABLE 1.3.9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING AND/OR MISFUELING
                                FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
Type of Tampering
   Emission
Control  System
PoUutant
Excess Emissions
FTP  Bag 1  Baa 2
                                                                        (g/mi)  Idle
                                                                       Bag 3  (g/hr)
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way


Total Misfueled Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3 way

EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1979
1979-1978
1979-1987
1988+
NOx
NOx
1,
30,
0,


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
3
1
• 37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.04
.74
• 52
.47
.96
.44
.57
.57

.21
.31
.48
.23
• 39
.99
1 ,
34,
.80
.67
1.36


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

1
3
4
1
3
2


.80


.31
.40
.80
• 32
.49
.30
.50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.11
.36
.02
.12
1 ,
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
l
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
1
-37
• 90
.76


.21


.40
• 97
.25
.11
.36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.45

.96
.63
.68
.19
.46
.85
,.
21,
0,


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
4
4
1
3
2
.04
.28
.61


-25


.95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
.37
.74

.54*
.21
.53
.21
.55
.16
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
14
9
14
0







.38
.08

• 97
• 71

.43
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
.31
.70
.18
.70
.18
.13







 DATE  :  MAY  19.  1989

-------
                                   H-76
                               TABLE  1.3-9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
                Excess    — RVP -  g.O psi	RVP -11.5 psi —
   Model      Crankcase   Hot Soak     Diurnal    Hot Soak     Diurnal
   Years      (Gm/Mile)   (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)

PCV System Disabled

 1964-1977        1.28
 1978-1979        1-27
   1980           1.24
   198H          1.23

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1979                   18.08       40.21       27-99       78-74
 1979-1980                   13.29       14.90       18.50       29.18
   1981+ CARB                 6.50       14.70       13.85       28.78
   1981+ FINJ                 5-20       14.70        9.00       28.78

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1979                   18.08       40.21       27-99       78.74
 1979-1980                   13.29       14.90       18.50       29.18
   1981+ CARB                 0.0        14.70        0.0        28.78
   1981+ FINJ                 5.20       14.70        9-00       28.78


 * Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
   Diurnal emissions • 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

 DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                          H-77

                      TABLE 1.3-90

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR LOW ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II


Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate  (Grams/Mile)
  (psi)        80.OF       87.OF       95.OF

Cannister Disconnect
7-0
9.0
10.1*
11-7
Missing Fuel
7.0
9.0
}Q.k
11.7
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.51*
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
0.1*2
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.81*
1.85
3.fc3
17.28
0.90
2.0U
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
M.93
1.85
4.29
^.97
11.97

Z.kk
15-58
28.51
^.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable  to  1979+ model  year
  vehicles.

DATE  : MAY  19, 1989

-------
                             H-78

                         TABLE  1.3.10A

                       METHANE  OFFSETS*
                       FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
  Model                    Methane Offsets  (g/mi)
  Years             FTP       Bag 1       Bag 2       Bag 3

 Pre-1971*         0,311       0.420       0.310       0.230
1974-1978         0.311       0.420       0.310       0.230
1979-1980         0.172       0.260       0.160       0.130
1981-1983         0.144       0.237       0.125       0.110
   1981.           0.122       0.181       0.111       0.097
   1985           0.112       0.166       0.102       0.090
   1986           0.09^       0.139       0.085       0-076
   1987           0.079       0.119       0.071       0.065
   1988           0.072       0.109       0.064       0.059
   1989           0.072       0.108       0.064       0.059
   1990           0.071       0.108       0.064       0.058
   1991           0.071       0.108       0.064       0.058
   1992+          0.069       0.105       0.062       0.057
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmethane hydrocarbon
  emissions (NMHC),  i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                H-79

                            TABLE  1.3-IOC

                  PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
              (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE  EMISSION SYSTEMS)
                           FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II


Model
Years
Pre-1973
'973-1978
1979-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988+


A i r Pump
Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


Oxidation
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
90.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
15-0
15-0


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.0
30.0
kO.O
50.0
85.0
85.0


EGR
System
0.0
30.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Air Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0,0
0.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
75.0
75.0
55.0
55.0
50.0
EGR
System
£ 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.0
30.0
J»0.0
50.0
85-0
85-0
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1970
1971-1978
1979+
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
5-0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                               H-80

                           TABLE  1.3.100

                 PERCENT  TECHNOLOGY  DISTRIBUTIONS
                      (FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS)
                          FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
                                    Ported      Throttle-Body
                  Carbureted^   Fuel-In jeered   Fuel-Injected

   1981                99-1              0.9             0.0
   1982                99-5              0.5             0.0
   1983                99-8              0.2             0.0
   1981*                97-8              2.2             0.0
   1985                88.6              6.8             U.6
   1986                58.5             23.7            17-8
   1987                26.5             ^3.2            30.3
   1988                19.3             H-1*            36.3
   1989                18.3             ^5-8            35-9
   1990                17-2             52.2            30.6
   1991                17-1             53-1            29-8
   1992+              12.9             55-7            31-*>
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-8
                                                          TABLE
                                         BV MODEL  YEAR  EMISSION  LEVELS  FOR  LOW ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS  II
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                           DAIE
                                                                                                  MAY 19.  1989
1985
MV*
1966
1967
(968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
(976
1977
1976
1979
198O
1981
(982
(983
1964
(9B5

E**
25.8
25.7
(9.9
(9.8
(7.6
(7.4
17.3
17. 1
15.9
15.7
(5.6
15.4
15.3
5.0
4.7
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.O
(.5

(997
MV*
1976
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
(995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E**
16.5
7.4
7.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
3.9
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.2
2. 1
2.0
2.O
.8
.7
6
.5
.4
.3
(986
MV*
1967
(96B
(969
(97O
(971
(972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
(978
(979
1980
1981
19B2
1983
1984
(985
(986

E**
25.8
20.0
19 9
17.7
17.6
17.4
(73
16. O
15.9
15.7
IS. 6
15.4
5.3
5.O
3.0
2.8
2.6
2.3
1 .6
1.4

(998
MV*
(979
(98O
198 (
1982
1983
I9B4
19B5
1966
1987
19BB
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
e**
7.5
7.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.0
2.6
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.2
2. 1
2. 1
2.O
.9
.8
.6
.5
.4
.3
-- Indicates the
-- Indicates the
(9B7
MV*
(968
(969
I97O
1971
(972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
(979
I960
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

E**
ao77
20. o
17.8
17.7
17.6
17.4
16. 1
16. 0
15.9
15.7
15.6
5.6
5.3
3.2
3.O
2.B
2.5
1.8
(5
(.3

1999
MV*
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
(998
1999
model
E**
7.4
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.O
2.6
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.2
2. 1
2.O
9
.9
.8
.7
.5
.4
.3
.2
year
(988
MV*
1969
(970
1971
1972
1973
1974
(975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988

E**
20. 1
(7.9
17 B
17 7
(7.6
(6.2
(6. 1
16.0
15.9
15.7
5.9
5.6
3.4
32
3.O
2.7
1 .9
1.7
1 .4
1.4

2000
MV*
(981
(982
1983
(984
1985
19B6
19B7
19BB
19B9
199O
199 1
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
(997
1998
1999
20OO

average grams /m
E * *
4~4
4.4
4.3
4. 1
2.6
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2. 1
2.0
.9
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2

January 1 of
( 989 ( 99O
MV* E
*• MV«
(97O 18. O (971
1971 (7.9 (972
1972 (7.8 1973
1973 17.7 1974
1974 16.3 1975
(975 16.2 (976
(976 16.1 1977
1977 16. O 1978
1978 15.9 (979
1979
198O
1961
(982
(983
1984
1985
1986
1987
19BB
1989

2OO3
MV* E
1984
(985
1986
1987
19BB
19B9
199O
1991
1992
(993
1994
(995
(996
(997
(998
(999
2OOO
200 (
2002
2O03

( le emission
6.1 198O
5.9 198 1
3.5 19B2
3.4 (983
3.2 19B4
2.9 (98S
2.O (986
(.8 (987
1.6 1988
1.5 1989
1.4 199O
January
E**
1B.O
17.9
(7.8
(6.4
16.3
16.2
16. (
16 O
64
6. 1
3.7
3.6
34
3.1
2. 1
.9
.7
.6
.5
.4
1 of
2OO5
** MV*
4.3 1986
2.7 1987
2.6 198B
2.4 1989
2.4 199O
2.4 (99 t
2.3 (992
2.3 (993
2.2 (994
2.( (995
2. ( (996
2.O 1997
.9 1998
B 1999
.7 2OOO
.6 2OO1
.5 2O02
.4 2OO3
.3 20O4
.2 20O5

level For
E**
2.6
25
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.3
22
2.2
2. 1
2 1
20
9
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
.2
.2

model
Calendar Vear
1991 (992
MV* E** MV* E
1993 t994
*• MV* E
** MV*
1972 18. O 1973 1B.1 1974 16 6 1975
1973 17 9 1974 16 6 1975 16 6 1976
1974 16 5 (975 16 5 1976 (65 1977
(975 (64 (976 16 4 1977 16 4 1978
(976 (6.3 (977 16 3 (978 (6.3 1979
(977 (6.2 (978 16.2 1979 69 198O
(978 (6. 1 1979 6.B 1980 68 1981
1979 6.6 198O 6.6 1981 4.1 1982
198O
19B1
(982
(983
(984
1985
1986
1987
19BB
19B9
199O
1991
6.4 1981
3.8 19B2
3.7 1983
3.6 1984
3.3 1985
2.2 1986
20 1987
.8 1986
.7 1989
6 199O
5 1991
.4 (992
39 (982
38 1983
37 (984
3.4 (985
23 (986
2 ( (987
9 (988
.9 19B9
7 199O
6 1991
5 1992
.4 1993
39 (983
38 (984
36 1985
2.4 1986
22 (987
20 (988
2O (989
9 (990
7 (991
6 (992
5 1993
4 (994
E»*
(6.6
16.5
16 4
16 4
70
69
4 (
40
3.9
36
24
2.2
2O
2O
.9
8
7
5
.4
3
1995 (996
MV * E*+ MV*
(976 (66 (977
(977 16 5 (978
(978 16 4 (979
(979 7 2 (98O
198O 7 O 198 (
t981 4 2 1982
(982 4 1 1983
1983 4 O (984
(984
1985
1986
1987
(988
(989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
38 1985
25 1986
23 1987
2 ( 1988
2.1 1989
2O (990
9 1991
8 1992
7 1993
5 1994
4 1995
3 1996
E"
16 5
16 5
7 3
7 1
4 2
4 1
4 0
3 8
2.5
2 3
2 1
2 1
2.O
9
a
. 7
6
5
4
3
Calendar Year
2OOB
-JOL*. -I
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
(995
(996
(997
1998
1999
20OO
2001
2002
2O03
2OO4
20O5
2006
2007
2OOB

year •
2OIO
** MV* C
2.6 1991
2.5 1992
2.5 1993
2.4 (994
2.4 (995
2 . 4 (996
2.3 (997
2.3 1998
2 . 2 1999
2. ( 2OOO
2 . t 2OO (
2O 2OO2
9 2O03
.6 2OO4
.7 2OO5
.6 2OO6
.5 2OO7
.4 2OO8
.3 2009
.2 2O(O

MV on Janu
2O12
** MV* E
2.6 (993
2.5 1994
2.5 1995
24 1996
2.4 1997
24 (998
23 (999
23 20OO
2.2 20O(
2 . 1 2002
2 ( 2O03
2 O 2OO4
9 2OO5
8 2O06
7 2007
6 2OO8
5 2009
.4 2O1O
.3 2O 1 (
.2 2O ( 2

2O (5
** MV*
26 (996
25 (997
25 1998
2.4 (999
2 4 2OOO
24 20O1
2 3 2O02
2 3 2OO3
22 2004
2 . 1 2005
2 ( 2O06
2 O 2OO7
9 2008
8 2009
7 2O(O
6 20(1
5 2O (2
4 20(3
3 2O 14
2 2O 1 5

E**
26
25
25
2.4
24
24
23
23
2.2
2. 1
2. 1
2O
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

2018
MV* E
(999
20OO
2001
2002
2003
20O4
2OO5
2OO6
2007
2OO8
2OO9
2010
2O 1 1
2O 12
2013
2O 1 4
2015
2O 16
2017
2O IB

ary ( of the given calendar year
2O2O
** MV*
2.6 2O01
2 5 20O2
2 5 2003
2.4 2004
2 4 2OO5
2 4 2O06
2 3 2OO7
2 3 20O8
2 2 2OO9
2.1 20 1O
2.1 2O 1 (
2O 2O 12
9 2O 13
8 2014
7 2O 15
6 2016
5 2O 1 7
4 2018
3 20(9
. 2 2O2O

1 riese
E**
26
25
2 5
2 4
2 4
2 4
2 3
23
2 2
2 1
2 (
2 .O
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2


      emission  levels are calculated  for  the basic  test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP = 75  Degrees  F.  2O  6%  of  VMI  traveler)
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In  stabII(zed. and  27.3K of VMT  (n hot start.  6O  TO  84?  diurnal. V5F  for hot  soak
      and running  loss emissions.  9.O psl  fuel RVP, 54.57% average  In-use  fuel  tank  level,  including refueling  emissions
      Emissions are based on the January  1 mileage  accumulation figures given  In Table 1 3  4A.

-------
H-82
                                                          TABLE  t.3.1 IB
                                                                                           DA IE
                                                                                                  MAY 19.  t989
                                         BV MODEL  YEAR  EMISSION LEVELS  FOR  LOW ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
                                                                CO

19B5
MY * E * *
1966 133.4
1967 132.5
1968 131.5
1969 I3O.4
197O 10O.1
1971 9B.6
1972 97. O
1973 95.3
(974 92. O
197S 90. t
1976 88. O
(977 85.7
1978 83.3
1979 32.7
198O 29.8
1981 21.2
1962 19.2
1983 16.9
1984 tl.4
1985 7.2

1997
MY* E**
1978 1O2.9
1979 S3. 9
19BO 52.8
1961 36.2
1982 3S.5
1983 34.6
1964 3O.6
1985 17.1
1986 15.3
1987 13.4
1988 13.6
1989 12.9
199O 12.2
1991 11.3
1992 1O- 3
1993 9.4
1994 8.4
1995 7.2
1996 6 O
1997 5.2


1986
MY*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1965
1986

E* *
133.4
132.5
131 .5
1O1.4
1OO. 1
98.6
97.0
93.8
92. 0
90. 1
66. 0
85.7
35.3
32.7
23. t
21 .2
19.2
13.8
8.0
5.9

199B
MY*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1963
1984
1985
19B6
1987
1966
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
54. 9
53.9
36.9
36.2
35. 5
31.5
17.6
15.8
14 .O
14.3
13.6
12.9
12. 1
11.2
1O. 3
9.4
8.4
72
6.0
5.2
*MY -- Indicates tne
**E -- Indicates the


1987
MY*
196B
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

E*»
133.4
132.5
1O2.6
1O1.4
1O0.1
98,6
95.4
93.8
92. 0
9O. 1
88. 0
37.8
35.3
24.8
23.1
21 .2
16. 0
9.2
6.7
4.6

1999
MY*
1980
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1966
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
54.9
37.6
36.9
36.2
32.3
18. 1
16.3
14.5
14.6
14.2
13.6
12.9
12.0
11.2
1O. 3
9.4
8.4
7.2
6.O
5.2

January 1 of Calendar Year
1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994
MY*
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
19B5
1986
1987
1968

E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E*+ MY* €«*
133.4 197O 1O4.S 1971 1O4.8 1972 1O4 . 8 1973 1O4 . 8 1974 1O2 9 1975 102 9
1O3.8 1971 1O3.8 1972 1O3 . 8 1973 1O3 . 8 1974 1O1.9 1975 IO1.9 1976 1OI 9
1O2.6 1972 1O2.6 1973 1O2.6 1974 100. B 1975 1OO.B 1976 100 B 1977 100.8
1O1.4 1973 1O1.4 1974 99.6 1975 99.6 1976 99.6 1977 99 6 1978 99.6
tOO. 1 1974 98. 3 1975 96 3 1976 98.3 1977 98.3 1978 9B.3 1979 5O 4
96.9 1975 96.9 1976 96.9 1977 96.9 1978 96.9 1979 49 O 198O 49. O
95.4 1976 95.4 1977 95.4 197B 95.4 1979 47.5 198O 47 5 1981 33.7
93.6 1977 93.8 1978 93.8 1979 45.8 I960 45.8 1981 32 8 19B2 32 8
92. O 1978 92. O 1979 44.1 198O 44 1 1981 31 7 19B2 31 7 1983 31 7
9O. 1 1979 42.2 I960 42.2 19B1 3O . 5 19B2 3O . 5 1963 30 5 1984 27 .4
4O. t 19BO 4O. 1 1981 29.3 1982 29.3 1963 29 3 1964 26.1 1985 15.4
37.8 1981 27.9 1982 27.9 1983 27.9 1984 24.8 1985 14 7 1986 13.4
26.4 1982 26.4 1983 26.4 1984 23.3 1985 14 .O 1986 12 7 1987 11 4
24,8 19B3 24.8 19B4 21.7 19B5 13.2 1986 11.9 19B7 1O 5 1988 114
23.1 1984 19.9 1985 12.3 1986 11. O 1967 9.7 1988 IO.5 1989 1O .5
IB. 1 19BS 11.3 1986 10. 1 1987 B.7 1988 9.6 1989 96 199O 95
1O. 3 1986 9.O 1967 7.7 19BB 8.6 1969 85 199O B.5 1991 8.5
7.9 1987 6.6 1988 7.5 1989 7.4 199O 7.4 1991 74 1992 7.2
5.4 1988 6.3 1989 6.2 199O 6.2 1991 62 1992 6.0 1993 60
5.5 1969 S.4 199O S.4 1991 5.4 1992 5.2 1993 5.2 1994 5.2
January t of Calendar Year
20OO 2003 2OOS 20O8 2O1O 2012 20)5
MY*
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1967
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
199B
1999
2000
E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E**
38.2 1984 35. O 1986 IB. 6 1989 18.1 1991 18. O 1993 17.9 1996 17 9
37.6 19BS 19.5 19B7 16.9 199O 17.7 1992 17.6 1994 17 6 1997 17 6
36.9 1966 17.9 1966 17.5 1991 17 4 1993 17.2 1995 17 2 1998 17 2
33.1 1987 16.2 1989 17.1 1992 16.9 1994 16.9 1996 16.9 1999 16.9
18.5 1988 16.7 199O 16.7 1993 16.5 1995 16.5 1997 16 5 2OOO 16 5
16.8 1989 16.3 1991 16.2 1994 16.1 1996 16 1 1998 16 1 2001 16.1
15. O 199O 15.8 1992 IS. 6 1995 15 6 1997 15.6 1999 15 6 2OO2 15.6
IS. 4 1991 15.3 1993 15.2 1996 15.2 1998 15 2 2000 15 2 2O03 15.2
14.8 1992 14.6 1994 14 6 1997 14.6 1999 14.6 2001 14 6 2O04 14 6
14.2 1993 14. 0 1995 14. 0 1998 14. 0 20OO 14.0 2O02 14 0 2005 14 .O
13.6 1994 13.4 1996 13.4 1999 13.4 2OO1 13.4 2003 13 4 2OO6 13.4
12.7 1995 12.7 1997 12.7 2OOO 12.7 2OO2 12.7 2OO4 12 7 2O07 12 7
12. O 1996 12. O 1998 12. O 2OO1 12.0 2OO3 12 0 2O05 12 O 2OO8 12 O
11.2 1997 11.2 1999 11.2 2OO2 11.2 2OO4 11.2 2O06 11 2 2O09 11.2
1O. 3 1998 1O. 3 200O 1O.3 2OO3 1O.3 2OO5 1O 3 2OO7 1O .3 2O1O 1O 3
9.4 1999 9.4 2OO1 9.4 2O04 9.4 2OO6 9.4 2OO8 94 2O1 1 94
8.4 20OO 8.4 20O2 84 2O05 84 2OO7 84 2OO9 8 4 2OI2 8.4
7.2 2OO1 7.2 2O03 7.2 20O6 7.2 2OO8 72 2O10 72 2O13 72
6.O 2OO2 6.O 20O4 6.O 2OO7 6.O 2O09 6.O 2O1 1 6 O 2O14 GO
5.2 2003 5.2 2OO5 5.2 2OO8 5.2 2O1O 5.2 2O12 52 2015 52



1995
MY*
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1968
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

E*
102
1O 1
100
51
50
34
33
32
28
16
14
12
12
1 1
1O
9
8
7
6
5

4
.9
.9
8
.6
.4
6
7
8
5
0
. 1
1
.2
.4
.5
5
4
2
O
2

2018
MV*
1999
20OO
2001
2O02
2O03
2OO4
2OO5
2006
2OO7
2008
2OO9
2O10
2O 1 1
2012
20 13
2O 14
2O 15
2OI6
2O 17
2O IB
E**
17
17
17
16
16
16
15
15
14
14
13
12
12
t 1
1O
9
8
7
6
5
.9
6
2
9
.5
1
.6
2
6
O
4
.7
0
2
3
.4
4
2
O
2


1996
MY*
1977
1978
1979
19BO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
19B5
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

E**
1O2.9
1O1 9
52.8
51 6
35 5
34 6
33 7
29 6
16.6
14 7
12 8
13 O
12.2
11.3
10.5
9 4
8 4
7 2
6 O
52

202O
MY*
2O01
20O2
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
20O8
2OO9
20 to
201 t
2O 12
2013
2O 14
2015
2OI6
2017
2O18
2O 19
2O2O
E**
17 .9
17 6
17.2
16 9
16 5
16. 1
156
15 2
14 .6
14 0
134
127
12 O
11.2
1O. 3
94
8 4
7 2
6 0
5 . 2
model year .
average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY* on January t of the given calendar year
Hiese
      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions-.  19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees f. 2O 6% of VMT  traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions ate based on
      the January  t mileage accumulation figures given  In Table  1.3.4A.

-------
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTV GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19,  1989
1985
HV* E
1966
1967
1968
(969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
(984
198S
1986 1987 1988
** MV*
5.4 1967
5.4 1968
5.4 1969
5.4 I97O
6.5 1971
6.5 1972
6.5 1973
6.5 1974
5. 1 1975
5. 1 1976
5.1 1977
5.O 1978
5.0 1979
2.3 198O
2.2 1981
.8 1982
.8 1983
.7 1984
.2 1985
. 2 1986
E** MV*
5.4 1968
5.4 1969
5.4 197O
6.5 1971
6.5 1972
6.5 1973
6.5 1974
5.2 1975
51 1976
5.1 1977
5. 1 1978
5.0 1979
2.3 19BO
2.3 1981
.9 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.3 1985
.3 1986
. 1 1987
January 1 of
1989 1990
E** MV* E** MV*
5.4 1969 5.4 197O
5.4 1970 6.5 1971
6.5 1971 6.5 1972
6.5 1972 6.5 1973
6.5 1973 6.5 1974
6.S 1974 5.2 1975
5.2 1975 5.2 1976
5.2 1976 5.2 1977
5.1 1977 5.1 1978
5. 1 1978 5. 1 1979
5. 1 1979 2.5 198O
2.4 198O 2.4 1981
2.3 1981
.9 1982
.9 1983
.8 1984
.4 19BS
.4 1986
. 1 1987
.9 1982
.9 1983
.9 1984
.5 1985
.4 1986
. 2 1987
.0 1988
0.9 1988 0.8 1989
E** MV* E**
6.5 1971 65
6.5 1972 6.5
6.5 1973 65
6.5 1974 5.3
5.2 1975 5.2
5.2 1976 5.2
5.2 1977 5.2
5.2 1978 5.2
5.1 1979 2.6
25 1980 25
2.5 1981 2.O
2O 1982 2.O
.9 1983 .9
.9 1984 .7
.6 1985 .5
.5 1986 .3
.3 1987 . 1
.O 1988 O.9
O.9 1989 O.9
0.8 1990 O.8
Calendar Year
1991 1992
MV* E
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
** MV* E
6.5 1973
65 1974
53 1975
53 1976
5.2 1977
5.2 1978
52 1979
2.6 198O
26 1981
2O 1982
2O 1983
2.O 1984
.8 1985
.6 1986
.4 1987
. 1 1988
O 1989
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
0.8 1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
»* MV* E** MV* E** MV* E«* MV* E**
6.5 1974 53 1975 53 1976 53 1977 53
53 1975 53 1976 53 1977 5.3 1978 53
53 (976 53 1377 53 1978 53 1979 28
53 1977 53 1978 53 1979 2.7 1980 27
52 1978 52 1979 27 19BO 27 1981 21
5.2 1979 2.7 198O 2.7 1981 2. t 1982 2 1
2.6 1980 26 1981 21 1982 21 1983 2.1
2 6 1981 2 1 1982 2. 1 1983 2 1 1984 2 1
2.O 1982 20 1983 2 O 1984 2 O 1985 8
20 1983 20 1984 2 O t985
20 1984
9 1985
6 1986
.4 1987
.2 1988
1 1989
O 1990
9 1985
7 1986
5 1987
2 1988
1 1989
1 1990
.0 1991
7 t98S
5 1987
3 1988
2 19B9
1 1990
O 1991
O 1992
7 1986 6
5 1987 4
3 1988 2
2 1989 2
2 1990 1
1 19M1 1
O 1992 .O
0 1993 O
0.9 1991 O.9 1992 O 9 1993 O.9 1994 OS
0.9 1992 O 8 1993 O.8 1994 O 8 1995 OS
O.8 1993 OB 1994 O.8 1995 O 8 1996 O.8
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2O03 20O5 2OO8 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2O2O
MV* E** MV* E** MV* E * * MV* E * * MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E»*
1978 5.3 1979 2.8 198O 28 1981 2.2 1984 2.3 1986
1979 2.8 198O 28 1981 2.2 1982 2.2 1985
198O 2.8 1981 2.1 1982 2.1 1983 2.1 1986
1981 2. 1 1982 2. 1 1983 2. 1 1984 2.3 1987 .
1982 2.1 1983 2.1 1984 2.2 1985
1983 2 . 1 1984 2.2 1985
1984 2.1 1985
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
8 1986
.6 1987
4 19B8
.3 19B9
2 1990
.2 1 99 1
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
.8 1986
.6 1987
.4 1988
.3 1989
.3 199O
.2 1991
. 2 1992
1 1993
. 1 1994
.0 1995
.O 1996
.8 1986
.7 1987
.5 1988
.3 1989
. 3 1990
.3 1991
.2 1992
.2 1993
1 1994
. 1 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
.9 1988
.7 1989
.5 199O
.4 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
. 2 1995
.2 1996
. 1 1997
. 1 1996
.O 1999
.O 2OOO
.9 1987
, 7 1988
.6 1989
4 1990
.4 1991
.4 1992
.4 1993
,3 1994
.3 1995
.2 1996
. 2 1997
.2 1998
1 1999
. 1 2OOO
.O 2OOI
.O 2OO2
.8 1989
6 199O
.5 1991
.5 1992
4 1993
.4 1994
4 1995
. 3 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
.2 1999
2 2OOO
.2 2O01
. 1 2OO2
1 2O03
.0 2OO4
.0 2OO5
.5 1991
.5 1992
.5 1993
4 1994
4 1995
.4 1996
.4 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.3 2OOO
.2 20O1
.2 2O02
.2 2OO3
. 1 2OO4
. 1 2OO5
O 2OO6
.O 2OO7
5 1993
5 1994
.4 1995
.4 1996
4 1997
4 1998
4 1999
3 20OO
.3 2O01
.3 2OO2
.2 2OO3
2 2O04
2 2005
1 2OO6
. 1 2OO7
0 2OO8
0 2O09
5 1996
5 1997
4 1998
4 1999
4 2OOO
4 2OO1
4 2OO2
3 2OO3
3 2OO4
3 2OO5
2 2O06
2 2OO7
2 2OO8
. I 2OO9
.1 2O 10
0 2O t 1
0 2O 12
.5 1999
5 2OOO
4 2001
. 4 2OO2
.4 2003
4 2OO4
4 20O5
3 2OO6
3 2007
3 2OOB
2 2OO9
2 2010
2 20 11
.1 2O 12
1 20 13
O 2O 14
O 2O 15
.5 2001
5 2OO2
.4 2003
. 4 2OO4
. 4 2O05
.4 2OO6
. 4 20O7
3 2OO8
3 20O9
3 2O 1O
2 201 1
2 2O 1 2
2 20 13
. 1 2O14
1 20 15
O 2O 16
O 2O 17
. 5
5
4
4
4
4
.4
3
.3
3
2
2
2
t
1
O
0
1995 O.9 1996 O.9 1997 O.9 1998 O.9 2OO1 O.9 2OO3 O 9 2OO6 O 9 2OO8 O 9 2O1O O 9 2O13 09 2O16 O 9 2O18 O 9
1996 OB 1997 O.8 1998 OB 1999 O 6 2OO2 O.8 2OO4 OB 2OO7 O.8 2OO9 O.8 2O 1 1 O 8 2O14 OB 2O17 OB 2OI9 O 8
1997 O 8 1998 O.8 1999 08 2OOO OS 2OO3 O.B 2OO5 08 2OO8 O 8 2O1O O 8 2O12 O 8 2O15 OS 2O 18 OB 2O2O O 8
*MV -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY* on January 1 of the given calendar year   these
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized, and 27 37. of VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mlleage accumulatIon f tgures given In Table 1.3.4A.

-------
                                   H-84

                               TABLE  1.4.1A

                  NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES  FOR
                               LOW ALTITUDE
                   HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                          * BER = ZML +  (DR - M)
Moael     Zero Mile   Deterioration
Years  Emission Level     Rate
HC
















CO
















NOx
















Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
198O
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991-2OOO
2001*
19.720
19.310
9.730
9.610
8.880
8.41O
7.200
3.670
3.450
3.270
3.260
2.280
2.000
0.820
0.820
0.820
0.810
240.220
235.250
166.260
164.300
151.700
143.730
123.050
57.180
53 . 770
50.910
50.750
35 . 790
28.210
11. 17O
11 .140
11.080
11.030
9.41O
9.220
9.870
7.110
.560
.220
.320
.950
.590
.300
5.280
5.210
5.200
5.210
4.27O
3.54O
3.S30
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
 .370
 .360
 .390
 .260
 .240
 .220
  190
  180
  170
  160
  160
0.050
0.050
0.090
0.090
0.090
0.090

5.760
5.640
7.050
6.670
6.160
 .830
 .990
 .790
 .510
 .270
 .250
0.860
0.860
0 640
0.640
0.640
0.640

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.090
0.080
0.070
0.060
 .060
 .060
 .050
 .050
 .030
 .030
0.03O
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
                                                50.000 Mile    100.000 Mile
                                              Emission Level Emission Level
                                                 21.570
                                                 21 . 110
                                                 11.680
                                                 10.910
                                                 10.080
                                                   9.510
                                                   8. 150
                                                   4.570
                                                   4.300
                                                   4.070
                                                   4.060
                                                   2.530
                                                   2.250
                                                   1 .270
                                                   1 .270
                                                   1 .270
                                                   1 .260

                                                269.020
                                                263.450
                                                201.510
                                                197.650
                                                182.500
                                                172.880
                                                148.000
                                                 81.13O
                                                 76.320
                                                 72.260
                                                 72.000
                                                 40.090
                                                 32.510
                                                 14.370
                                                 14.340
                                                 14.280
                                                 14.230

                                                   9.410
                                                   9.220
                                                   9.870
                                                   7.560
                                                   6.960
                                                   6.570
                                                   5.620
                                                   6.250
                                                   5.890
                                                   5.550
                                                   5.530
                                                   5.360
                                                   5.350
                                                   5.360
                                                   4.470
                                                   3.740
                                                   3.73O
                                                        23.420
                                                        22.910
                                                        13.630
                                                        12.210
                                                        11.280
                                                        10.610
                                                          9. 100
                                                          5.470
                                                          5. 150
                                                          4.870
                                                          4.860
                                                          2.780
                                                          2.500
                                                          1 .720
                                                          1.720
                                                          1.720
                                                          1 .710

                                                       297.820
                                                       291.650
                                                       236.760
                                                       231.000
                                                       213.300
                                                       202.030
                                                       172.950
                                                       105.080
                                                        98.870
                                                        93.610
                                                        93.250
                                                        44.390
                                                        36.810
                                                        17.570
                                                        17.540
                                                        17.480
                                                        17.430

                                                          9.410
                                                          9.220
                                                          9.870
                                                          8.010
                                                          7.360
                                                          6.920
                                                          5.920
                                                          6.550
                                                          6.190
                                                          5.800
                                                          5.780
                                                          5.510
                                                          5.500
                                                          5.510
                                                          4.670
                                                          3.940
                                                          3.930
  WHERE :    BER • Nontamparad basic exhaust •mission rates  in grams/mil*,
            ZML » Zero mile level  in grams/mil*,
            OR  • Deterioration rata in grams/mil a/ 1OK miles.
            M   • Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-85

                                   TABLE 1.4.1B

                            EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)
Model
Pol Years
HC =>re-1970
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
19B7
1988-1989
1990*
CO Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974
197S
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991 +
NOx Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991 +
Emission
	 OK
19
9
9
8
8
7
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
235
166
164
151
143
123
57
53
50
51
51
36
28
14
15
15
15
9
9
7
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
3
.310
.730
.610
.880
.410
.200
.670
.450
.270
.310
.301
.319
.039
.085
. 166
.256
.250
.260
.300
.700
.730
.050
. 180
.770
.910
.288
. 134
. 160
.580
.434
.227
.883
.823
.220
.870
.110
.560
.320
.320
.950
.590
.300
.280
.329
.325
.368
.362
.648
.919
_ 25K
20
10
10
9
8
7
4
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
249
183
180
167
158
135
69
65
61
62
61
38
30
17
18
19
19
9
9
7
6
6
5
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
.210
.705
.260
.480
.960
.675
. 120
.875
.670
.731
.723
.465
. 185
.431
555
.€90
.350
.885
.975
.100
.305
.525
.155
.045
.585
. 154
.953
.497
.917
.329
.514
.492
.432
.220
.870
.335
.760
.395
.470
.100
.740
.425
.405
.467
.466
.521
.513
.943
.213
5QK
21 . 110
11 .680
10.910
10.080
9.510
8. 150
4.570
4.300
4.070
4.151
4 . 144
2.S10
2.330
1 .775
1 .940
2. 119
263.450
201.510
197.650
182.500
172.880
148.000
8 1 . 1 30
76.320
72.26O
73.015
72.766
40.828
33.248
20.198
21.762
23.054
22.994
9.220
9.870
7.560
6.960
6.570
5.620
6.250
5.890
5.550
5.530
5.604
5.607
5.674
5.663
5.237
4.507
Rate (Grams/Mile)

22
12
1 1
10
10
8
5
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
277
219
214
197
187
160
93
87
82
83
83
43
35
22
24
26
26
9
9
7
7
6
5
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
75K
.010
.655
.560
.680
.060
.625
.020
.725
.470
.570
.563
.753
.473
. 110
.312
.531
.550
. 135
.325
.900
.455
.475
.105
.595
.935
.857
.561
.142
.562
.987
.895
.471
.411
.220
.870
.785
.160
.745
.770
.400
.040
.675
.655
.741
.748
.826
.814
.528
.798
_1QOK
22
13
12
1 1
10
9
5
5
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
291
236
231
213
202
172
105
98
93
94
94
45
37
25
27
29
29
9
9
8
7
6
5
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
.910
.630
.210
.280
.610
. 100
.470
, 150
.870
989
.983
.898
.618
.425
.665
.928
.650
.760
.000
.300
.030
.950
.080
.870
.610
.713
.370
.469
.889
.497
.750
.650
.590
.220
.870
.010
.360
.920
.920
.550
.190
.800
.780
.879
.888
.979
.965
.819
.089
125K
23,810
14. SOS
12.860
11.880
11 . 160
9.575
5.920
5.575
5.270
5.410
5.404
3.043
2.763
2.729
3.008
3.317
305 . 750
254.385
247.675
228 . 700
216.605
185.425
117.055
110.145
104.285
105.574
105.184
47.801
40.221
27.857
30.452
32.692
32.632
9.220
9.870
8.235
7.560
7.095
6.070
6.700
6.340
5.925
5.905
6.016
6.029
6. 134
6. 118
6.107
5.377
150K
24.710
15.580
13.510
12.480
11 .710
10.050
S.370
6.000
5.670
5.827
5.822
3. 184
2.904
3.027
3.337
3.684
319.850
272.010
264 . 350
244. 100
231. 180
197.900
129.030
121.420
114.960
116.403
115.966
50.102
42.522
30 . 1 20
33.002
35.525
35.465
9.220
9.870
8.460
7.760
7,270
6.220
6.850
6.490
6.050
6.030
6. 154
6. 170
6.288
6.271
6.393
5.663
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                  H-86
                              TABLE 1.U.2A

                               NONTAMPEREO
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Crankcase
(Gm/Mile)
— RVP =
Hot Soak
(Gin/Test)
9.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
— RVP =
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
11.5 psi -
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1968        5-70       18.08       1*2.33       27-66       77-89
1968-1981*        o.O        18.08       42.33       27-66       77-89
  1985+          0.0         2.12        4.68        4.77       17-94

* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40* tank level.

Based on averages of  6.88 trips per day and 33-97 miles per day.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-87

                               TABLE  1.1f.2B

                        TAMPERING OFFSETS FOR TOTAL
                  CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HC EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                   HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                       AT VARIOUS MILEAGE INTERVALS

Fuel
9



1 1




RVP
.0



• 5



Model
Years
Pre-1967
1967-1979
1980-1983
1984+
Pre-1967
1967-1979
1980-1983
1984+
Tamper i

~0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OK
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5K
.0
.01
.01
•09
.0
.01
.01
.12
ng Offset (Grams/Mile)**
50K
0.0
0.03
0.02
0.22
0.0
0.03
0.02
0.32
75K
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.36
0.0
O.O^t
0.04
0-52
TOOK
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.50
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.71
125K
0.0
0.07
0.06
0.64
0.0
0.07
0.06
0.91
150K
0.0
0.08
0.08
0.78
0.0
0.08
0.08
1.11
 ft Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0 to 84.OF,
   Fuel RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank  level of  40.0%.

** Based on averages of 6.88 trips per day and 33*97 miles per day.

 DATE : MAY 19. 19&9

-------
 Model
 Years

Pre-1985
  1985+
                                  H-88

                              TABLE  1.4.2C

                               NONTAHPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS  EMISSIONS
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                  HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Fuel  RVP
  (DSi)

    7-0
    9.0
   10.4
   11.7

    7-0
    9.0
   10.4
   11.7
.36
.58
.06
.88
                            0.24
                            0.39
                            0.68
                            1.72
                                   Emission Rate  (Grams/Mile)
                                        87.OF       95.OF      10
                                         0.52
                                           .50
                                           ,70
 .13
 .62
                                         3-85
            ,42
            .20
            • 70
                                         2.30
4.00
8.20

0.97
2.21
2.38
4.79
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-8g

                              TABLE  1.4.2D

                        REFUELING  EMISSIONS* FOR
                              LOW  ALTITUDE
                  HEAVY  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES


node! Fuel
Years (mi
Pre-1971
1971
1972
1973
197**
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
. 1983
1984-1985
' 1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000+


Economy
les/aal)
6.4
6.1
5-7
6.1
6.5
6.9
6.8
7-2
7-7
8.1
8.8
9.1
9-*
9-9
10.0
10.0
10.1
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.3
10. it
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.9
10.9
11.0
11.1


Uncontrol led
(grams/mi lej
0.89
0.95
1.01
0.95
0.89
0.83
0.85
0.81
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.54
0.54
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.52
0.52
With
Volati 1 ity
Control**
(grams/mi le)
0.89
0.95
1.01
0.95
0.89
0.83
0.85
0.81
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.44
O.U3
0.43
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.41

With
Onboard**
(grams/mi le)
0.89
0-95
1.01
0.95
0.89
0.83
0.85
0.81
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
With both
Volati 1 ity
and Onboard**
(grams/mi le)
0.89
0-95
1.01
0.95
0.89
0.83
0.85
0.81
0-75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0-57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
* Refueling Emissions  (g/mi) •  [Displacement  (g/gal)
  + Spillage  (g/gal)] / Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with 7.0/7.8/9.0 RVP  fuels
   for ASTM class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed to start  in  1993,
   and apply to LDGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                            H-90

                                        TABLE  1.4.3

                       HOT  STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS  FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                            HEAVY  DUTY  GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

PoJ.
HC









CO












NOx




wooe i
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1990
1991 +
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-19B3
1984-1985
1986+

Zero M1 le
137.40
51 .00
51 .00
25.80
6.47
4.02
4.86
4.34
6.45
6. 19
1330.80
369.00
369 . 00
385.20
104.42
36. 13
S3. 87
48.53
91 .64
91.32
90.85
90.71
89. 18
2.40
3.00
3.60
7. 11
2.35

50.000 Mile
149.40
63.00
57.00
34.80
21 .90
11 .46
12.23
11 .69
14,03
13.76
1489.80
453.00
450.00
469.20
235.85
102.12
119.86
114.51
157,54
157.23
156.77
1 56 . 60
155,07
2.40
3.00
3.60
7. 11
2.35
                                               Emission  Rate  (Grams/Hour)
                                                	._-        	  In-use Level-  	
                                                   100.OOP  M11e     50.000  M11e    100.000 Ml1e
                                                       151.40
                                                        75.00
                                                        63.00
                                                        43.80
                                                        36.70
                                                        18.95
                                                        13.70
                                                        19. 16
                                                        21 .57
                                                        21 ,29

                                                      1648.80
                                                       537.00
                                                       531.00
                                                       553.20
                                                       367.25
                                                       166.05
                                                       185.80
                                                       180.44
                                                       223.44
                                                       223. 15
                                                       222.69
                                                       222.50
                                                       220.95

                                                         2.40
                                                         3.00
                                                         3.60
                                                         7. H
                                                         2.35
 150.23
  63.83
  57.83
  35.63
  22.73
  12.29
  13.07
  12.52
  14.86
  14.59

1492.07
 455.27
 452.27
 471.47
 238. 13
 104.39
 122.13
 116.78
 159.82
 159.51
 159.04
 158.88
 157.34

   2.40
   3.00
   3.60
   7.11
   2.35
 162.55
  76. 15
  64. 15
  44.95
  37.85
  20. 11
  20.86
  20.31
  22.72
  22.45

1651.89
 540.09
 534.09
 556.29
 370,34
 171.14
 188.90
 183.53
 226.54
 226.24
 225.78
 225.59
 224.04
     40
     00
     60
     1 1
                i
   2.35
- In-use emission level includes tampering

DATE :  MAY 19. 19S9

-------
                                 H-91
 Model
 Year
Index**
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                     TABLE 1.4.4

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     LOW ALTITUDE
         HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mi I cage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
            (per vehicle*)	(fleet)
                                       Jan 1
                                      Mileage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
    0.065
    0.131
    0.113
    0.097
    0.08k

    0.072
    0.062
    0.051*
    0.046
    0.040

    0.034
    0.030
    0.026
    0.022
    0.019

    0.016
    0.014
    0.012
    0.010
    0.052
18211.
16767.
15437.
14213-
13086.

12048.
11093-
10213.
 9403.
 8657.

 7971.
 7339.
 6757.
 6221.
 5728.

 5273.
 4855-
 4470.
 4116.
 3789-
0.0
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.084

0.072
0.062
0.054
0.046
0.040

0.034
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019

0.016
0.014
0.012
0.010
0.052
0.
18211.
16767.
15437.
14213-
13086.
12048.
11093.
10213.
9403.
8657,
7971.
7339.
6757.
6221.
5728.
5273-
4855.
4470.
4116.
0.
9105.
26595-
42696.
57522.
71171.
83738.
95308.
105961.
115769.
124799-
133113.
140768.
147816.
154305.
160279.
165780.
170844.
175506.
179799-
 * Default  information  that may be  altered by  the MOBILE4 user with
   information about  the  local area.

 ** The  indices  refer to  the most recent model year vehicles  in any
    given calendar year.   Index 1 references the newest model year
    vehicles and  index  20+ references  the oldest model year vehicles.

 *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
     where:  JMAR(1)  -  0  and.
           JMAR(MYI)  -  MAR(MYI-I),  MYI - 2	20+.

 DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                       H-92

                                   TABLE 1.U.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                       HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JANUARY 1, 1
            (A)        (B)           (C-A*B/DAF)        (D)             (C*D/TFNORM)
Model  HDGV Fleet   Sales             HDGV     Annual Mileage          Travel
Years Registration Fraction  (A*B)  Registration  Accrual Rate	iC*pl  Fractions

1988
1987
1986
1985
198*

1983
1982
1981
1980
1979

1978
1977
1976
1975
197*

1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 1
131 1
.113 1
.097 1
.08* 1
.072 1
.062 1
.05* i
.0*6 1
.0*0 1
.03* 1
.030 1
.026 1
.022
.019
.016
.01*
.012
.010
.052
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
0.0
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.08*
0.072
0.062
0.05*
0.0*6
0.0*0
0.03*
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019
0.016
0.01*
0.012
0.010
0.052
0.0
0.1*0
0.121
0.10*
0.090
0.077
0.066
0.058
0.0*9
0.0*3
0.036
0.032
0.028
0.02*
0.020
0.017
0.015
0.013
0.011
0.056
0.
18211.
16767.
15*37.
1*213.
13086.
120*8.
11093.
10213.
9*03-
8657.
7971.
7339.
6757-
6221.
5728.
5273-
*855.
**70.
*1l6.
                        DAF: 0.935
                                             TFNORM:
0.0
255*. 2
2028.6
1603.2
1278.3
1008.8
799-8
6*1.*
503.0
*02.7
315.1
256.0
20*. 3
159.2
126.6
98.1
79.0
62.*
*7-9
229.2
12397-5
0.0
0.206
0.16*
0.129
0.103
0.081
0.065
0.052
0.0*1
0.032
0.025
0.021
0.016
0.013
0.010
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.00*
0.018

 WHERE

   A
   B
   D
- January 1 registration mix from Table  1.*.*,
• Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
• Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation  rate  from Table  1.*.*.
 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                     H-93

                 TABLE 1.4,6

  SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                 LOW ALTITUDE
    HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

  * SCF(s)  - EXP(A + B*s + C*s**2),  HC 6 CO
           • A + B*s + C*s**2, NOx
       Model            Coefficients
 Pol    Years         A        B     	C
 HC     All       1.60800-0.09700  0.00083

 CO     All       1.52000 -0.09800  0.00110

 NOx    All       0.821400  0.00880  0.0


* WHERE:   s - average speed (mph).

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                          TABLE l.fc.7A

     LOW (< 75F)  TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
               HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                 * TCF  - EXP [ TC*(T - 75-0)  ]
          Pollutant

               HC
               CO
               NOx
                Model
                Years

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
             197^-1978
             1979-1983
               198*4
               1985+

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
             W-1978
             1979-1983
               1985+

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
                      1979-1983
                        1981*
                        1 985+
      TC
-0.58903E-02
-0.73870E-02
-O.U9759E-02
-0.285^9E-02
-0.7M07E-02
-0.92859E-02

-0.20576E-02
-0.1155*1 E-02
-O.U2899E-02
-0.13085E-02
-0.77H7E-02
-0.60195E-02
-0.551*56E-02
-0.13969E-02
-O.U6352E-03
-0.5752*E-02
-0.19733E-02
* WHERE :

    TCF  «

    T
    TC
- Low temperature correction factor for appropriate
  pollutant, ambient temperature  (< 75F), and model year
• Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit),
« Low temperature correction factor coefficient for
  appropriate pollutant, and model year.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                           H-95

                       TABLE  1.4.7B

  HIGH (> 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION  FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION  FACTORS
                     FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
            HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

           - TCP - EXP t TC*(T - 75.0)  ], Pre-1985
        TRCF - EXP [ RC*(RVP  - 9.0) +  TC«(T - 75.0)
               + TRC«(RVP - 9.0)"
-------
                                          H-96

                                      TABLE  1.4.9A

                              TAMPERING  AND  MISFUELING  RATES
                                     FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                           HEAVY  DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  VEHICLES
           Model
           Years

             All
            System,
With I/M
All
Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled
Fi1ler Neck Damaged
Fuel  Tank Misfueled
Total Misfueled
PCV System Disabled
Cannister Disconnect
Both Cannister & Cap

Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled
Fi1ler Neck Damaged
Fuel Tank Misfueled
Total Misfueled
PCV System Disabled
Cannister Disconnect
Both Cannister  & Cap
50,000
Zero Mi le
Level
0.2155
0.2267
0.1037
0.1U62
-0.0375
0,1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.0437
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0. Oil 5*4 1
0.001*19
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.013^9
0.01484
Det.
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
Mi le
Level
0-347
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
100,000
Mi le
Level
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                       H-97

                                   TABLE  1.4.96

                                 EXCESS EMISSIONS
                        DUE  TO TAMPERING  AND/OR MISFUELING
                                 FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
                       HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
Type of Tampering
    Emission
.Control  System
Pollutant
                                                       Excess Emissions  (g/mi)  Idle
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3 way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3 way


Total Misfueled Oxidation

3way /Oxidation 3 way


EGR System Disabled


EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1990
1990+
NOx
NOx
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
-37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.Ok
.74
.52
.47
.96
.44
.57
.57

.21
.31
.39
.99
ss
1
3*
1


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

1
3
3
2
** •
.80
.67
.36

*
.80


.31
.40
.80
• 32
.49
.30
.50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.02
.12
J1S
1
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
3
1
a—z.
• 37
.90
-76


.21


.40
.97
.25
.11
.36
.57
• 13
.56
.60
.45

.96
.63
.46
.85
ss
1
21
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

l
4
3
2
a-^i
.04
.28
.61


.25


.95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
.37
.74

.54
.21
.55
.16
JJU.
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
14
9
14
0





111_L_
• 38
.08

• 97
• 71

• 43
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
• 31
.70
.18
.70
.16
.13





DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-
                               TABLE 1.4.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES


                Excess    — RVP -  9-0 psi —   — RVP -11.5 psi "
   Model      Crankcase   Hot Soak     Diurnal    Hot Soak     Diurnal
   Years      (Cm/Mile)   (Gm/Test)    (Cm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)

PCV System Disabled

 1964-1980        1.34
   1981-1-          1.29

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1985                    18.08       40.21        27-66       78. Ik
   1985+                      14.67       21.43        23-31       M-97

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1985                    18.08       40.21        27.66       78.74
   1985+                      14.67       21.43        23.31       41.97


 * Hot  Soak emissions  -  82F  ambient temperature,
   Diurnal emissions - 60 to 84F  one hour  heat  build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at  40% tank  level.

 DATE : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                          H-99

                      TABLE 1.4.9D

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR LOW ALTITUDE
          HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Fuel RVP
(PS!)
Emission Rate
80. OF 87. OF
(Grams/Mile)
IPS. OF
Cannister Disconnect
7-0
9.0
10. 4
11.7
Hissing Fuel
7.0
9-0
10.4
H.7
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.54
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
0.42
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.84
1.85
3-43
17.28
0.90
2.04
3.52
7.19

1.28
3.31
15-30
44.93
1.85
4.29
4*97
11-97

2.44
15^58
28.51
44.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 19854- model year
  vehi c1es.

DATE :  NAY 19. 19&9

-------
               H-100

           TABLE 1.1*.10A

         METHANE OFFSETS*
         FOR LOW ALTITUDE
HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Model             Methane Offsets
   Years                (Grams/Mi je)^

  Pre-1979               0-670
 1979-1986               0-310
   1987+                 0.180
 * Methane offsets are used  to estimate
   nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
   i.e., NMHC •  Total HC -  Methane  Offset.

 DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                  H-101

              TABLE  1.1*. 10B

           CONVERSION  FACTORS
            FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
  HEAVY  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
     Model
     Years

    Pre-1962
     1962
     1963
      1965
      1966
      1967
      1968
      1969
      1970
      1971
      1972
      1973
     1975
     1976
     1977
     1978
     1979
     i960
     1981
     1982
     1983
     1984
     1985
     1986
     1987
     1988
     1989
     1990
     1991
     1992
     1993
     1995
     1996
     1997+
Conversion
  Factors*
  1
   .536
   • 536
   • 527
   .516
   .518
   • i»97
  1.1*1*9
    1*19
    1*22
    313
    21*1*
    073
    057
    022
    961
    935
  0.912
  0.88J*
    907
    896
    894
    897
    895
  0.891*
  0.893
    893
    892
    891
    890
1,
1,
0,
0,
   ,887
   ,886
  0.885
* Convert from grams/brake-hoursepower/hour
  to grams/mile units.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
   Model
   Years

 Pre-1982
1982-1981*
   1985
   1986
   1987
1988-1989
   1990+
                                   H-102

                               TABLE 1.4.IOC

                     PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE  EMISSION SYSTEMS)
                              FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES


Air Pump Oxidation
Only Catalyst
0.0 0.0
0.0 5.0
o.o 5.0
0.0 5-0
7.0 15.0
7.0 25-0
7.0 30.0
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1984
1985+


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
15-0
15-0
25-0
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
100.0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
95.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
100.0
100.0
A i r Pump £
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
30.0
30.0





EGR
System
£ 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
15.0
15.0
25-0





   DATE :  MAY 19,

-------
 H-11
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               HEAVV DUTV GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19.  1989



1985 1986
MV*
1966
1967
1966
1969
I97O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
198 t
1982
1983
4984
1985

E** MV*
36.9 1967
36.7 196B
3O.9 1969
3O.7 197O
21.4 1971
21.2 1972
2O. 9 1973
2O. 6 1974
18.5 1975
17.3 1976
16.4 1977
14.6 1978
14.4 1979
1O. 6 198O
1O. 1 1981
96 1982
94 1983
9. 1 1984
8.8 1985
4.O 1986

E**
36.9
31 O
3O.9
21 6
21 ,4
21 .2
20.9
18,7
17.5
16.6
14.8
14.6
10.8
1O. 3
9.8
9.6
9.4
9. 1
4 . 1
3.8

1997 1998
MV*
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E * * MV *
15.9 1979
12.1 19BO
11.6 1981
11.2 1982
11.1 1983
11.O 1984
1O. 9 1985
4.6 1986
4.3 1987
36 1988
3.5 1989
3.4 199O
3.3 1991
3.2 1992
3.1 1993
3 O 1994
2.8 199S
2.7 1996
2.5 1997
2.4 1998
E**
12.1
1 .7
1 .2
1 .2
1 .1
1 .O
4.6
4 3
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.4


1987
MV*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
197S
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

E**
31 .2
31. 0
21.8
21.6
21.4
21.2
18.9
17.7
16.6
1S.O
14.8
11.0
10. 5
1O. O
98
9.6
9.4
4.2
3.8
2.6

1999
MV*
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
19BB
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
11.7
11.3
11.2
11. 1
tt.O
4.6
4.3
3.6
36
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.2
3. 1
3.O
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.4
2.4


January
1 of Calendar Year
1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MV*
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
I960
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988

E** MV*
31.2 197O
22. O 1971
21.8 1972
21.6 1973
21.4 1974
19. O 197S
17.8 1976
16.9 1977
15.1 1978
IS.O 1979
11.2 198O
1O. 7 1981
1O. 2 1982
10. O 1983
9.8 1984
9.6 1985
4.3 1986
3.9 1987
2.7 1988
2.6 1989

E** MV*
22.2 1971
22. O 1972
21.8 1973
21.6 1974
19.2 1975
18. O 1976
17.1 1977
15.3 1978
15.1 1979
11.3 198O
1O. 8 1981
1O. 4 1982
1O. 2 1983
1O. O 1984
9.8 1985
4.3 1986
4.O 1987
2.8 1988
2.7 1989
2.6 199O
January
E** MV*
22.2 1972
22. O 1973
21.9 1974
19.4 1975
18.2 1976
17.3 1977
15.5 1978
15.3 1979
11.5 19BO
11 O 1981
1O 6 1982
10.4 1983
1O. 3 1984
1O. 1 198S
4.5 1986
4.1 1987
3.O 1986
29 1989
2.7 199O
2.6 1991
E** MY*
22.3 1973
22.1 1974
19.6 1975
18.4 1976
17.5 1977
15.7 1978
15.5 1979
11.7 198O
11.3 1981
1O. 8 1982
1O. 7 1983
1O. 5 1984
1O. 3 1985
4.6 1986
4.2 1987
32 1988
3. 1 1989
2.9 199O
28 1991
2.7 1992
E»* MY*
22 2 1974
19.6 1975
IB 5 1976
17 5 1977
15 7 I97B
15 6 1979
116 198O
113 1981
1O 9 1982
1O 7 1983
1O 6 1984
1O. 4 1985
46 1986
42 1987
33 1988
32 1989
3.O 199O
29 1991
27 1992
2.6 1993
£** MY*
19 7 1975
16 5 1976
17 6 1977
15 8 1976
15 7 1979
11 9 I960
11 4 1991
10 9 19B2
10.8 19B3
10.7 1964
10 5 1985
46 1966
42 1987
33 1968
32 1989
3 t 199O
3 O 1991
2.8 1992
27 1993
2.6 1994
E** MY*
18 6 1976
17 6 1977
15 8 1973
15 7 1979
11.9 I98O
11.4 1981
11O 1982
1O 9 1983
1O 8 1984
10 6 1985
46 1986
42 1967
3.4 1968
3.3 1969
32 1990
30 199 t
29 1992
28 1993
26 1994
2.5 1995
E** MY*
17 7 1977
15 9 1978
15 8 1979
12 O I960
115 1961
111 1982
110 1983
1O 9 1984
10 8 1965
46 1986
43 1987
35 1966
34 1989
33 1990
32 1991
3 1 1992
29 1993
28 1994
26 1995
25 1996
E**
159
15 9
121
116
t t .2
111
1 1 O
10 a
4 6
4 3
3 5
3 5
3 4
3 3
3 1
3 O
2 9
2 7
2 S
2 .5
1 of Calendar Year
20OO 20O3 2O05 2OOB 2O1O 2012 2O15 20 IB 2O20
MY*
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
E** MY*
11.3 1984
11.2 1985
11.2 1986
11.1 1987
4.6 1988
4.3 1989
3.7 199O
3.6 1991
3.5 1992
3.5 1993
3.4 1994
3.3 1995
3.2 1996
3.1 1997
3.O 1998
2.8 1 999
2.7 2OOO
2.6 2OO1
2.4 20O2
2.3 2OO3
E** MV*
11.2 1986
4.6 1987
4.3 1988
3.8 1989
3.7 199O
3.7 1991
3.6 1992
3.5 1993
3.5 1994
3.4 1995
3.3 1996
3.2 1997
3 1 1998
3 O 1999
2.9 2OOO
2.8 2001
2.7 2O02
2.5 2O03
2.3 2004
2.3 2OO5
E** MY*
4.3 1989
3.8 199O
3.8 1991
3.8 1992
3.7 1993
3.7 1994
3.6 1995
35 1996
3.5 1997
3 4 1996
33 1999
3.2 2OOO
3. 1 20O1
3.O 2O02
29 2003
2.8 2OO4
2.6 2OO5
25 2006
2.3 20O7
2.3 2OO8
E * * MV *
3.9 1991
3.8 1992
3.8 1993
3.8 1994
3.7 1995
3.6 1996
3.6 1997
3.5 1998
3.5 1999
3.4 2OOO
3.3 2OO1
3.2 2OO2
3.1 2003
3 O 2OO4
2.9 20O5
2.8 2OO6
2.6 20O7
2.S 2008
2.3 2O09
2.3 2O1O
E** MV*
39 1993
38 1994
38 1995
3.7 1996
3.7 1997
36 1 998
3.6 1999
35 2OOO
3.5 20O1
3 . 4 20O2
3 3 2003
32 2004
3 . 1 20OS
3 . O 20O6
29 2007
2 8 2OO8
2 . 6 2OO9
25 2010
2.3 2011
2.2 2O 1 2
E»* MY*
3.9 1996
38 1997
3.B 1998
37 1999
37 2000
36 2001
36 2002
3 5 2OO3
34 2O04
34 2005
3 3 2OO6
3 2 2007
3 1 2O08
3 0 2OO9
2.9 2O1O
27 2O 1 1
26 2O 1 2
25 2013
23 2O 1 4
22 2O 15
E** MY*
38 1999
3.8 2OOO
3 8 200 1
3.7 2002
3 7 2003
3 . 6 2OO-1
35 2005
3 5 2OO6
34 2007
33 2008
3 3 2009
32 20 tO
31 201 t
3.O 2O 12
29 2013
27 2O 14
26 2015
25 2016
23 2017
22 2O 1 8
E * * MY*
3 8 200 1
3 8 2002
37 2003
3 7 20O4
37 2005
3 6 2OO6
3 5 2O07
3 5 2OOB
34 2009
33 2O IO
33 2O 1 1
32 2O 12
3.1 2O 13
3 O 2O 14
28 2O15
2.7 2O 16
26 2017
24 2018
2 3 2OI9
2 . 2 2O2O
E**
38
3 B
37
37
3 6
3 G
35
3 5
3 4
3 3
3 2
32
3 1
3 0
2 8
2 7
2 6
2 4
2 3
2 2
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY" on January 1 of the given calendar year.  These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP-75 Degrees F. 6O TO B4F diurnal. 75F for hot
       soak and running loss emissions. 9.O psl fuel RVP. 54.57% average In-use fuel tank level, including refuel dig emissions
      Emissions are based on the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 1.4.4.

-------
 H-1O4
                                                          TABLE 1.4.1IB
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAV 19, 1989
                                          BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                CO

1985
MY* E**
1966 336,
1967 334.
1968 331 .
1969 328.
197O 279.
1971 275.
t972 27O.
1973 265.
1974 253.
1975 228.
1976 211.
1977 175.
1978 17O.
1979 97 .
198O 85.
1981 75.
1982 69.
1983 62.
1984 54.
1985 35.

1997
MY* E**
1978 212.
1979 141.
198O 13O.
1981 121.
1982 119.
1983 116.
1984 113.
1985 47.
1986 39.
1987 19.
1988 18.
1989 18.
199O 17.
1991 16.
1992 15.
1993 14.
1994 13.
1995 12.
1996 1 1 .
1997 1 1 .




1986

7
2
6
7
3
0
5
5
1
6
2
9
6
3
9
5
1
3
6
8

MY*
1967
1968
1969
I97O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

E**
336.
334.
331.
283.
279.
275.
270.
258.
233.
216.
18O.
175.
1O2.
91 .
81 .
75.
69.
62.
36.
28.


7
2
6
1
3
0
5
2
7
5
8
9
8
5
3
5
1
1
6
2

1998

8
2
8
7
3
8
6
9
7
2
6
0
2
4
6
8
8
a
7
1
MY*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
(991
t992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E*«
143.
132.
123.
121.
119.
116.
48.
40.
t9.
19.
18.
17.
17.
16.
15.
14
13.
12.
11 .
11 .

3
9
9
7
3
3
5
3
7
2
6
9
2
4
6
8
8
8
7
1


1987
MY*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

E**
336.7
334.2
286.7
283. 1
279.3
275, 0
262.9
238.4
221.3
185.3
18O.8
107.9
96.8
86.7
81.3
75.5
68.9
38. 1
29. 0
11.2

1999
MY*
I98O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
199 1
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
134.9
125.9
123.9
121 .7
MB. 9
49. t
4O.9
20. 2
19.7
19.2
18.5
17.9
17.2
16.4
15.6
14.8
13.8
12.8
11.7
11.1

January 1 of Calendar Year
1988 1989 199O 1991 1932 1393 1994
MY*
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
t9B8

E»* MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E**
336.7 197O 293. O 1971 293. O 1972 293. O 1973 293 . O 1974 284 2 1975 262 5
29O.O 1971 29O.O 1972 29O.O 1973 29O.O 1974 281.4 1975 259 8 1976 246. 0
286.7 1972 286.7 1973 286.7 1974 278.3 1975 256.9 1976 243 3 1977 2O8 . 3
283.1 1973 283.1 1974 274.9 1975 253.8 1976 24O.4 1977 205 8 1978 205.8
279.3 1974 271.2 1975 250.4 1976 237.2 1977 2O3 . O 1978 2O3 O 1379 134 O
267.2 1975 246.8 1976 233.7 1977 2OO.O 1978 2OO.O 1979 131 1 1980 123.4
242.8 1976 229.9 1977 196.8 1978 196.8 1979 128. O 19BO 12O.4 1981 114. O
225.8 1977 193.3 1978 193.3 1979 124.6 198O 117.3 1981 111.O 1982 111 O
189.5 1978 189.5 1979 12O.9 19BO 113.8 1981 1O7 . 7 1982 107.7 1983 107 7
185.3 1979 117. O 198O 11O.1 1981 104.2 1982 1O4 . 2 1983 104.2 1984 103.8
112.6 198O 1O6.O 1981 1OO.3 1982 1O0.3 1983 IOO . 3 1984 100. O 1985 45.7
101.6 1981 96.2 1982 96.2 1983 96.2 1984 95.8 1985 44 9 19B6 37.3
91.6 1982 91.6 1983 91.6 1984 91.3 1985 44 . O 1986 36 4 (987 17.3
86.7 1983 86.7 1984 86.3 1985 43. O 1986 35.4 19B7 16 5 1988 16 5
81.3 1984 81. O 1985 41.9 19B6 34.3 1987 15.7 1988 15.7 1989 15.7
75.2 1985 4O.7 1986 33.2 1987 14.9 1988 14.9 1989 14.9 1990 14.8
39.5 1986 31.9 1987 13.9 1988 13.9 1989 13 9 I99O 13 9 1931 13 8
3O.5 1987 12.9 1988 12.9 1989 12.9 199O 12 8 1991 12.8 1992 12.8
11.8 1988 It. 8 1989 tt.B 199O 11.7 1991 11 7 1992 11 7 1933 11 7
11.2 19B9 11.2 1990 11.1 1991 11.1 1992 11.1 1993 11.1 1934 11.1
January 1 of Calendar Year
20OO 20O3 2005 2O08 2O10 2012 2015
MY*
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
200O
E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E**
127.7 1984 127.2 1986 43.7 1989 22.7 1991 22.6 1993 22.6 1996 22.6
125.9 1985 SO. 9 1987 22.4 199O 22.4 1992 22.3 1994 22.3 1997 22.3
123.9 1986 42.9 1988 22.1 1991 22. O 1993 22 .O 1995 22 0 1998 22.0
121.2 1987 21.8 19B9 21.8 1992 21.7 1994 217 1996 21.7 1333 217
49.6 1988 21.4 199O 21.4 1993 21.3 1995 21.3 1997 21.3 2000 21.3
41.5 1989 21. O 1991 21.0 1994 21. O 1996 21 O 1998 21. O 2OO I 2O 9
2O. 6 199O 2O. 6 1992 2O.5 1995 2O 5 1997 2O.5 1999 2O.5 2O02 2O 5
2O. 2 1991 2O. 1 1993 2O. 1 1996 2O . 1 199B 2O. 1 2000 2O. t 2OO3 2O.O
19.7 1992 19.6 1994 19.6 1997 19.6 1999 19 6 20O1 19.5 2OO4 19.5
19.1 1993 19.1 1995 19.1 1998 19.1 2OOO 19 1 2OO2 19.0 2OO5 19.0
18.5 1994 18.5 1996 18 5 1999 18.5 2OO1 18 4 20O3 18 4 2O06 18.4
17.9 1995 17.9 1997 17.9 2OOO 17.9 2O02 17.8 2OO4 17 8 2OO7 17.8
17.2 1996 17.2 1998 17.2 2O01 17.1 2O03 17.1 2O05 17 1 2OO8 17.1
16 4 1997 16 4 1999 16.4 2OO2 16.4 2OO4 16 4 20O6 16.4 2OO9 16.4
15.6 1998 15.6 20OO 15.6 20O3 15.6 2O05 15.6 2O07 15 6 2O1O 15 6
14.8 1999 14.8 2OO1 14.7 2OO4 14.7 2OO6 14 7 2OOB 14 7 2O 1 1 14 7
13.8 20OO 13.8 2O02 13.8 20O5 13.8 2OO7 13 8 2OO9 13.8 2OI2 13 8
12.8 2OO1 12.7 2O03 12.7 2OO6 12.7 2OO8 12 7 2O1O 12 7 2OI3 12 7
11.7 20O2 11.6 2004 11.6 2OO7 11.6 2O09 116 2O11 116 2O14 11.6
11.1 2OO3 tt.O 2OO5 11.0 2OO8 1 1 .O 2O1O 11. O 2O12 It O 2O15 11. O



1995 1996
MY*
1976
1977
1978
1379
19SO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1387
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

E * * MY *
248 6 1977
21O.6 197B
2O8 3 1979
136 6 198O
126. 1 1981
t 16 8 1382
114 O 1983
111 O 1984
107.3 1985
46.5 1986
38 2 1987
18 O 19BB
17 3 1989
16.5 199O
15.7 1991
14.8 1992
13 8 1993
12.8 1934
11.7 1995
11.1 1996

E* +
212.8
21O 6
139 O
128.5
1193
1 16 8
1 14 .0
1 IO 6
472
38. 9
18 6
18 0
17 3
16 5
15.6
14 .8
13.8
128
117
11.1

2018 2O2O
MY*
1399
2OOO
2001
2002
2003
20O4
2O05
2006
2OO7
2OO8
2OO3
20 1O
201 t
2O 12
2013
20 14
2015
2016
2O 17
2O18
£*+ MY*
22 6 2OO1
22 3 2OO2
22 O 2OO3
216 2OO4
21.3 2005
20.3 2006
20.5 2007
2O O 2OO8
19 5 2003
19 O 2O1O
18 4 2011
17.8 2O 12
17 1 2O13
16-4 2O 14
15 6 2OI5
147 2O 1 6
13 8 2017
12 7 2O IB
11 6 2O19
1 1 O 2O2O
E**
22.5
22.3
22 0
216
213
2O 3
20.5
2O O
195
19 O
18 4
178
17. 1
16. 4
156
147
138
12 7
1 1 6
1 1 0
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY*  on January  1  of  the given  calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test  conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP=75 Degrees F    fwisstons are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given in Table  1.4.4.

-------
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                               HEAVV DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19.  1989
January 1 of
1985
MV* E
1966
1967
1966
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
197S
1976
1977
1978
1979
I960
1981
1982
1963
1984
1985
* +
9.2
9.2
92
9.2
9.9
9.9
9.9
99
83
7.6
7.0
6.O
5.9
6.5
6.0
S.6
S.5
54
5.3
5.2
1986
MV*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
E**
9.2
9.2
9.2
9.9
99
9.9
9.9
6.4
7.6
7 1
6.0
6.0
6.5
6. 1
5.7
S.6
5.5
5.4
5.2
5.2
1967
MY*
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1963
1984
1965
1966
1967
E**
9.2
9.2
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
8.4
7.7
7.2
6. 1
6.O
6.6
6.2
5.7
5.7
56
5.S
5.3
5.2
5.2
1988
MY*
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1976
1979
I960
1981
1962
1963
1964
198S
1966
1987
1968
E**
9.2
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
8.5
7.7
7.2
6. t
6. t
6.6
6.2
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
1969
MV*
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
E**
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
8.6
7.8
7.3
6.2
6.1
6.7
6.3
S.8
S.8
5.7
S.6
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
1990
MY*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1963
1964
1965
1966
1987
1988
1989
1990
January
1997
MY* E
1978
1979
I960
1961
1982
1963
1964
1965
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
+ *
6.4
7.0
6.6
6. 1
6 1
6. 1
6.O
S.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
4.7
3.9
38
38
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
MV*
1979
198O
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
7~O
6.6
6.2
6. t
6. t
6. t
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
47
3.9
3.9
3.6
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
1999
MY*
I960
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
199S
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
6.7
62
6.2
6. 1
6. t
5.7
5.6
5.6
S.6
5.6
4.7
4.0
3.9
3.9
36
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
2000
MV*
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
2OOO
E**
6.2
62
6.2
6. t
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.6
4.6
4.O
4.0
3.9
3.9
38
3.8
3.7
3.6
36
3.5
20O3
MY*
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
199S
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2OO2
2003
E**
6.2
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
4.9
4. 1
4. 1
4.0
4.O
4.O
3.9
39
3.6
36
37
3.6
3.6
3.5
E**
9.9
9.9
9.9
6.6
7.8
73
6.2
62
6.7
6.3
5.9
5.6
5.6
57
54
54
5.3
5.3
5.2
4.3
1 Of
20O5
MV*
1986
1967
1986
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
20OO
2001
2002
20O3
2OO4
2OO5
E«*
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
4 .9
42
4 1
4. 1
4. 1
4.O
4 O
4.O
39
3.9
38
38
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
Calendar
1991
HV*
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1906
1987
1966
1969
199O
1991
E**
9.9
9.9
8.6
7.9
7.3
6.2
62
6.6
6.4
59
5.9
5.8
s.a
S.5
5.4
5.4
5.3
53
4.3
35
Calendar
20O8
MV*
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
20OO
2OO1
20O2
2OO3
2004
2OO5
2OO6
2OO7
2OO8
E* *
5~~7
5.O
4.2
4.2
42
4.2
4. 1
4. 1
4. 1
4.O
4.0
4.O
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.5
Year

1992
MV*
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
Year
E**
9.9
8 7
79
7.4
6.3
6.2
68
64
60
59
5.9
58
55
55
5.4
54
5 3
4 4
36
35

2O1O
MY*
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
20O1
2OO2
2OO3
2004
2OOS
2OO6
2007
2O08
2OO9
20 to
E**
4.3
42
4.2
4.2
42
42
4 t
4 1
4. 1
4.0
4 O
4 O
39
39
30
38
3 7
36
36
35


1993
MV* E
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993

2O12
MV* E
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2OO2
2003
2004
2005
2006
2OO7
2OO6
2OO9
2O 1O
2O 1 1
2O 12
* 4
87
80
74
6.3
6.3
69
65
6.0
60
59
59
55
55
55
54
54
44
36
36
3.5



1994
MV*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

E**
8.0
74
6.3
63
6.9
6.5
6.0
6 O
60
59
5.6
5.5
55
5.5
5.4
4 5
37
36
36
3.5

2015
* *
4 3
42
42
4.2
4 2
4 2
4 1
4. 1
4 1
4 O
4.0
4 .O
39
39
38
38
37
36
36
35
MV*
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2OO1
2002
2O03
2004
20O5
2OO6
20O7
2OO8
2009
20 to
2O t t
2O 12
2O 13
2O 14
2O 15
E**
4 3
4 2
4.2
42
4 2
4. t
4 1
4 1
4 1
4 0
4 O
4 .0
39
3.9
38
38
3 7
36
36
35


1995
MY* f.
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
198 1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
19B9
t99O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

2018
MV* E
1999
2OOO
20OI
2002
2OO3
20O4
2OO5
2OO6
2007
2008
2OO9
2010
2O 1 1
20 12
2O 13
2014
2O 1 5
2O 16
2O 17
2O 18
* +
7 5
64
6 3
69
66
6 1
60
6.O
59
56
55
5.5
55
5 5
4 6
38
3 7
3 6
36
35



1996
MV*
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

E**
64
6 4
7 0
6 6
6 1
6 1
6 O
6 0
56
56
56
5 5
5 5
4 6
3 8
38
3 7
36
3 6
35

2O2O
» *
4 3
4 2
4 2
4 2
4 2
4 . 1
4 1
4 1
4 1
4 .0
4.0
4 0
39
3 9
38
38
3 7
3 6
3 6
3 5
MV*
2001
20O2
2OO3
2004
2OO5
2OO6
2OO7
2OO8
2OO9
2O 1O
201 1
2O 12
2013
20 14
20 15
2O 16
2017
2018
2O 19
2O2O
E»*
4 2
4 2
4 2
4 2
4 2
4 1
4 1
4 . 1
4 1
4 0
4 0
4 O
3 9
39
3 8
38
3 7
3 6
3 6
3 5
•MV -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model  year "MV on January t of the given calendar year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP*75 Degrees F   Emissions are based on
       the January t mileage accumulation figures given in Table 1.4.4.

-------
                                    H-106
                                TABLE  1.5.1

                   NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES  FOR
                                LOW ALTITUDE
                     LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                           * BER = ZML +  (DR * M)
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980+
CO Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980+
NOx Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981-1984
1985+
* WHERE : BER
ZML
DR
M
Zero Mi le
Emission Leve
1.310
0.420
0.1*20
0.420
0.420
0.290
2.710
1.170
1.170
1.170
1.170
1.150
1.1*60
.400
.400
.400
.400
.400
.310
0.870
• Nontampered
• Zero mile 1
• Deter iorati
• Cumulative
                                Deterioration
                                   Rate
                                    ,080
                                    .070
                                    .070
                                    ,070
                                    .070
                                  0.030
                                  0.
                                  0.
                                  0,
                                  0.
                                  0.
130
090
090
090
090
                                  0.040

                                  0.040
                                  0.040
                                  0.040
                                  0.040
                                  0.040
                                  0.040
                                  0.030
                                  0.030
 50,000 Mile
Emission Level

   1.710
   0.770
   0.770
   0.770
   0.770
   0.440

   3-360
   1.620
   1.620
   1.620
   1.620
   1-350

   1.660
   1.600
   1.600
   1.600
   1.600
   1.600
   1.460
   1.020
                         100,000 Mile
                         Emission Level
                              110
                              120
                              120
                              120
                              120
                            0.590
010
070
070
070
070
                             1.550

                              .860
                              .800
                              .800
                              .800
                              .800
                              .800
                              .610
                              .170

                        in grams/mile.
                            level  in grams/mile,
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                        H-107

                    TABLE  1.5-3

    NONTAMPERED  HOT STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS
                  FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
        LIGHT DUTY  DIESEL  POWERED  VEHICLES

               *  IER  -  ZML +  (DR * M)
           Model       Zero Mile       Deterioration
 Pol     	Years     Emission  Level   	Rate	

  HC      Pre-1975        8.1*0            0.60
         1975-1976        1.80            0.0
           19-77           2.1*0            0.0
           1978           3-60            0.0
           1979           3-00            0.0
           1980-1-          1.80            o.o

  CO      Pre-1975        13.80            0.60
         1975-1976        8.40            0.60
           1977           9-60            0.60
           1978           10.20            0.60
           1979           10.80            0.60
           1980+          9-00            0.60

  NOx     Pre-1975        7.80            0.0
         1975-1976        13.20            0.0
           1977           10.20            0.60
           1978           12.00            0.60
           1979           10.80            0.60
           I960           11.1*0            0.60
         1981-1981*        8.AO            0.60
           1985+          5.^0            0.60
* WHERE :   IER » Nontampered  idle emissions  in  grams/hour,
            ZML * Zero mile  level  in grams/hour
            DR  - Deterioration  rate in grams/hour/lOK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage /  10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-108
                             TABLE 1.5.4A

                         REGISTRATION MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             LOW ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                                                  Jan 1
 Model     July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage       Jan 1
 Year   Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation   Mileage
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***    Accumulation
	(per vehicle*)                (fleet)       (fleet!
 1
 2
 3
 k
 5

 6
 7
 8
 9
10

11
12
13
14
15

16
17
18
19
20+
              ,062
              ,082
              ,079
              .075
            0.071
              ,067
              ,063
              .060
              .056
            0.052

            0.048
            0.045
            0.041
            0.037
            0.033

            0.029
            0.026
            0.022
            0.018
            0.034
17825.
16478.
15233-
14081.
13017.
12033-
11124.
10283.
9506.
8788.
8123-
7509.
6942.
6417.
5932.
5484.
5069-
4686.
4332.
4005-
0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
17825.
171*88.
16167-
11*91*5.
13815.
12771-
11806.
10914.
10089.
9326.
8622.
7969.
7367-
6811.
6296.
5820.
5380.
1*973-
1*597-
4250.
2228.
13327-
30145-
1+5692.
60063.
7331*9.
85630.
96981*.
1071*79.
117181.
126150.
134440.
11*2101*.
149189.
155739-
161793.
167390.
17256U.
17731*6.
181768.
   * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
     information about the local area.

   ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
      given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
      vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

   *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
       where:  JMAR(l) « MAR(l) and,
             JMAR(MYI) -  .25*MAR(MYI) + .75*«AR (MYI-1) , MYI - 2	20-K

   DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                H-109

            TABLE 1.5.4B


     DIESEL SALES FRACTION FOR
            LOW ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model                 Diesel
  Years              Sales Fraction

 Pre-1971                0.0
  1971                   o.ooi
1972-1973                0.002
197^-1977                0.003
  1978                   0.009
  1979                   0.026
  1980                   0.01*5
  1981                   0.060
  1982                   0.039
  1983                   0.011*
  1981*                   0.012
  1985                   0.009
  1986                   0.004
  1987                   o.ooi*
  1988                   o.oio
  1989                   0.016
  iggo                   0.021
  1991                   0.027
  1992                   0.033
  1993                   0.039
  1991*                   0.045
  1995-1-                 0.050
 DATE :  HAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-110

                                   TABLE 1.5-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                        LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JANUARY 1,  1988
node!
(A)
LDV Fleet
(B)
Sales
(C*A*B/DAF)
LDDV
Years Registration Fraction (A*B) Registration
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
197*
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
0.010
0.004
0.004
0.009
0.012
0.014
0.039
0.060
0.045
0.026
0.009
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.0
0.0
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.004
0.003
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.0
0.0
0.014
0.023
0.022
0.047
0.060
0.066
0.172
0.252
0.177
0.095
0.030
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.004
0.004
0.002
0.0
0.0
(D) (CAD/TFNORM)
Annual Mileage Travel
Accrual Rate (C*D) Fractions
17825.
17488.
16167.
14945.
13815.
12771.
11806.
10914.
10089.
9326.
8622.
7969.
7367.
6811.
6296.
5820.
5380.
4973-
4597-
4250.
258.0
401.8
357-8
706.6
824.4
839-1
2031.8
2752.0
1780.8
883.2
260.9
75. <»
63-5
53-0
43.7
23-6
19.6
7-7
0.0
0.0
0.023
0.035
0.031
0.062
0.072
0.074
0.178
0.242
0.156
0.078
0.023
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.0
0.0
                       DAF: 0.014
                                              TFNORM: 11382.8
WHERE

  A
  B
  D

NOTE ;
 * January 1 registration mix from Table 1.5.4A,
 • Diesel fleet sales fractions,
 • Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 1.5.4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
for almost every model year.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                            H-l 11

                        TABLE 1.5.6

         SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                        LOW ALTITUDE
            LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

             A SCF(s,sadj)  = SF(s)/SF(sadj)

               SF («)- EXP(A + B*s  + C*s**2)
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
Al 1
All
All
                              Coefficients
                           A     	B
                        0.90900 -0.05500  O.OOOUU

                        1.37520 -0.08800  0.00091

                        0.66800 -0.04800  0.00071
* WHERE :

     s    - average speed  (mph),
     sadj  - basic test procedure speed: adjusted for
            fraction of cold start operation x and
            fraction of hot  start operation w,
            [1/sadj -

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-112

                                TABLE 1.5,7

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
Model Test Segment 1
P°l
HC





CO





NOx







Years B1
Pre-1975
197S-197G
1977
1978
1979
1980+
Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
.2090
.2090
.2090
.2090
.2090
.3490
. 1990
.1990
. 1990
1978 1.1990
1979 1.1990
1980+ 1.1500
Pre-1975 1.0680
1975-1976 1.0680
1977 1.0680
1978 1.0680
1979 1.0680
1980 0.9690
1981-1982 0.9690
1983+ 0.9690
D1
0.0710
0.1050
0. 10SO
0. 1050
0.1050
0.1030
0.0600
0.0670
0.0670
0.0670
0.0670
0.0610
0.0260
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 2 Test Segment
B2
1.0730
1 .0730
1.0730
1 .0730
1 .0730
0 . 9690
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0 . 9940
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
1.0620
1 . 0620
1 . 0620
D2
0 . 0560
0.0840
0 . 0840
0 . 0840
0.0840
0.1380
0.0420
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0.0260
0 . 0290
0.0330
0.0330
0.0330
0.0330
0.0470
0.0470
0 , 0470
3
S3 03
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
7030 0
7030 0
7030 0
7030 0
7030 0
7960 0
9740 0
9740 0
9740 0
9740 0
9740 0
8990 0
9850 0
9850 0
9850 0
9850 0
9850 0
9060 0
9060 0
9060 0
.0640
.0880
.0880
.0880
.0880
. 1030
.0510
,0570
.0570
.0570
.0570
.0350
.0260
.0300
.0300
.0300
.0300
.0310
.0310
.0310
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Total Test
BO
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
,0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
DO
0 . 06 1 3
0.0894
0.0894
0.0894
0.0894
0. 1212
0.0482
0.0544
0.0544
0 . 0544
0.0544
0.0357
0.0276
0.0318
0.0318
0.0318
0.0318
0.0393
0.0393
0.0393
NOTE .-  The fractions given in this table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mode/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).

WHERE :     OMTCF    [(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/DENOM],
           TERM1       W   -TCF(1 )*(B1+D1«M).
           TERMS    (1-W-X)«TCF(2)-
-------
              H-113


          TABLE  1.5.10A


        METHANE  OFFSETS*
        FOR LOW  ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1975               0.01*3
1975-1979               0.011
  1980-1-                 0.011
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-114
                                                         TABLE  1.5.1IA
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19.  1989
                                         BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR  LOU  ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC




January
1 of Calendar Year
1965 1986 1987 198B 19B9 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
197B
1979
198O
1981
19B2
1983
1984
198S

E** HV* E** MY*
2.8 1967 2.8 196B
2.7 196B 27 1969
2.7 1969 2.7 197O
2.6 197O 2.6 1971
2.6 1971 2.6 1972
2.6 1972 2.6 1973
2.5 1973 2.5 1974
2.4 1974 2.4 1979
2.4 1975 .4 1976
.3 1976 .3 1977
.2 1977 .2 1978
.2 1976 .2 1979
. 1 1979 . 1 198O
O 1980 O.S 1981
O.5 1981 O.S 1982
O.S 1962 O.S 1983
O.4 1983 O.4 1984
O.4 1984 O 4 1985
O 3 19B5 O.3 1986
O.3 1986 O.3 19B7

:** MY*
2.8 1969
2.7 1970
2.7 1971
2.6 1972
2.6 1973
2.6 1974
2.5 1975
1.4 1976
1.4 1977
1.3 1976
1.2 1979
1.2 198O
O.6 1981
O.S 1982
0.5 1963
O.S 19B4
O.4 1985
O.4 1986
O 3 1987
O.3 19BB

E * * MY *
2.B 1970
2.7 1971
2.7 1972
2.6 1973
2.6 1974
2.6 1975
1.5 1976
1.4 1977
1.4 1978
1.3 1979
1.2 198O
O.6 1981
0.6 1982
O.S 1983
O.S 1964
O-S 1985
O.4 1986
04 19B7
O.3 19BB
O 3 1989

E** MY*
2.8 1971
2.7 1972
2.7 1973
2.6 1974
2.6 1975
1.S 1976
1.5 1977
1.4 1978
1.4 1979
1 . 3 19BO
O.6 1961
O 6 1982
O.6 1983
0.5 1984
O.S 19B5
O.S 1986
O.4 1987
O.4 1988
0.3 1969
0.3 199O
January
E** MV»
2. B 1972
2.7 1973
2.7 1974
2.6 1975
6 1976
.5 1977
.5 1978
. 4 1979
.4 1980
O.7 1981
O.6 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 19B4
O.S 19B5
O.S 1986
O.S 1987
O 4 19B8
O.4 1989
O.3 199O
O.3 1991
E** MY*
28 1973
2.7 1974
2.7 1975
.6 1976
.6 1977
.5 1978
.5 1979
.4 198O
0.7 1981
O.7 1982
O.6 1963
O.6 1984
O.6 1985
O.S 1986
O.S 19B7
O.S 198B
O.4 1989
O.4 1990
O.3 1991
O 3 1992
E** MY*
2.8 1974
27 1975
.6 1976
.6 1977
.6 1978
.5 1979
.5 1980
07 1981
O.7 1982
O 7 1983
O.S 1984
O 6 1985
O 6 19B6
O.S 1987
O.S 1988
O.S 19B9
04 I99O
04 1991
03 1992
O.3 1993
E*» MY*
28 1975
7 1976
6 1977
6 197B
6 1979
5 19BO
O.7 1981
07 1962
0.7 19B3
07 1984
0.6 19B5
O 6 1986
O 6 1987
OS 1988
0.5 1989
O.S I99O
O 4 1991
O 4 1992
O 3 1993
O.3 1994
E** MY*
17 1976
1.7 1977
1.6 1978
16 1979
16 19BO
O . 8 1 98 1
O.7 19B2
O 7 19B3
O 7 1984
O 7 1985
O.6 1986
O 6 1987
O.6 1988
OS 1989
0.5 199O
OS 1991
O.4 1992
O 4 1993
O 3 1994
03 1995
E4* MY*
1.7 1977
1 7 1978
16 1979
1 .6 19BO
O.S 1981
O.S 1982
O.7 1983
O 7 1984
O.7 1985
O 7 1986
O 6 1987
O 6 1988
O 6 1989
O.S 1990
O.S 1991
O 5 1992
O 4 1993
O 4 1994
O.3 1995
03 1996
E«*
1 .7
1 .7
1 6
08
08
08
O.7
07
O.7
O 7
O 6
O 6
06
OS
05
05
O 4
04
0.3
03
1 of Ca 1 endar Vear
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2OO3 2OO5 2008 2O1O 2012 2O15 20 IB 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
198O
1981
19B2
1983
1984
19B5
1986
1987
1986
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E** HY* E** MY*
1.7 1979 1.7 19BO
1.7 19BO O.S 1981
O.8 19B1 O 8 1982
O.B 19B2 O.B 1963
O.B 1983 O.8 1964
O.8 1984 O.8 1985
O.7 1985 O 7 1986
O.7 19B6 O 7 1987
O.7 1987 O.7 1988
O.7 1988 O.7 19B9
O.6 1969 O.6 1990
O.6 199O O.6 1991
O.6 1991 O.6 1992
O.S 1992 O.S 1993
O.S 1993 O-S 1994
O.S 1994 O.S 1995
O.4 1995 O.4 1996
O.4 1996 O.4 1997
O.3 1997 0.3 199B
0.3 1998 O.3 1999
-- Indicates the model
:** MY*
O.B 196 t
O.B 1982
O.8 1983
O.8 1964
O.8 19B5
O.8 1966
O.7 19B7
O.7 1988
O.7 1989
O.7 199O
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
O.6 1993
O.S 1994
O.S 1995
O.S 1996
O.4 1997
O.4 199B
O 3 1999
O.3 20OO
year.
-- Indicates the average grams/ml
E** MY*
O.S 1984
O.B 1985
O.B 1986
0.8 1967
O.8 19BB
0.8 1989
O 7 199O
0.7 1991
O.7 1992
O.7 1993
O.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.S 1997
O.S 199B
O.S 1999
0.4 200O
O.4 2OO1
0.3 2OO2
O.3 20O3

1e emission
E*» MY*
O.S 19B6
O.S 1987
O.B 1988
O.B 1989
O.8 1990
0.8 1991
O.7 1992
O 7 1993
O.7 1994
O.7 199S
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
O.S 1999
OS 20OO
O.S 2OO1
O.4 2OO2
O.4 2OO3
O.3 20O4
O.3 20O5

level for
E** MY*
O.8 1989
O.8 1990
0.8 1991
O.S 1992
O.8 1993
O.B 1994
O 7 1995
O.7 1996
O.7 1997
O.7 1998
O.6 1999
O.6 2000
O.6 2O01
O.S 20O2
O.S 2OO3
0.5 2004
0.4 20O5
O 4 2006
O.3 20O7
0.3 2OOB

model year
E** MY*
O.B 1991
O.S 1992
O.8 1993
O.B 1994
O.S 1995
O.B 1996
O.7 1997
O.7 199B
O.7 1999
O.7 2OOO
O.6 2OO1
O.6 2002
O 6 2OO3
O.S 2OO4
O.S 2O05
O.S 2006
O.4 20O7
O.4 2008
O.3 2OO9
O.3 2O1O

E** MY*
O.8 1993
OB 1994
O.B 1995
O.B 1996
0.8 1997
O.8 1998
O.7 (999
O 7 2OOO
0.7 2OO1
O 7 2O02
O 6 2OO3
O 6 2OO4
0.6 2005
O.S 2O06
O 5 2OO7
0.5 2008
O 4 2OO9
0.4 2O1O
O. 3 2O 1 1
O.3 2O12

"MY" on January 1 of
£*• MY*
08 1996
06 1997
0.8 1996
O 8 1999
O 8 2OOO
O 8 2O01
O 7 2OO2
O.7 2003
O 7 2OO4
0.7 20O5
0.6 2006
O 6 2O07
O 6 2OO8
OS 2O09
05 2010
0.5 201 1
O 4 2O 12
04 2013
O.3 2O14
O 3 2O15

E** MY*
OS 1999
O.8 2OOO
O.8 2OO1
0.8 2002
O 8 20O3
O 8 2004
O 7 2OO5
O 7 2006
0 7 2OO7
O.7 2O08
O 6 2OO9
O.6 20 1O
O 6 2O 1 1
O.S 2O 12
O 5 2O 13
O.S 2O14
O.I 2O 15
O.4 2O 16
O 3 2O 17
0.3 2O 18

the given calendar year
E** MV*
O.S 2001
O.B 2002
0.8 2OO3
0 8 2OO4
0 . 8 2OO5
O 8 2006
O . 7 2OO7
O 7 2OO8
O . 7 2OO9
O.7 2O 10
O 6 2O 1 1
O 6 2012
06 2013
05 2O14
O 5 2O 15
OS 2O 16
O 4 2O 17
O .4 2018
O.3 2O 19
O.3 202O

1 hese
E**
O 8
OS
08
O 8
OS
OB
O.7
0.7
O 7
O 7
O.6
O 6
06
05
05
O 5
O 4
0.4
0 3
0 3


      emission  levels are calculated for the baste  test conditions:  19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees f, 2O 6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on January  1 mileage
      accumulation  figures given  In Table  1.S.4A.

-------
 H- 1
                                                          TABLE 1
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTV DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                CO
                                                                                           DATE  : MAY  19.  1989
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 19BB 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
My* E * * MY* E * * MV* E** HV* E** MV* E * * MV* E * * MV* E** MV* E * * MV* £ * * MY* E»* MY* E • * MY* E * •
1966 5. 1 1967 5. I 196B 5. t 1969 5. 1 197O 5. 1 1971 5. 1 1972 5. 1 1973 5. 1 1974 51 1975 28 1976 2 8 1977 2 8
1967 S.O 1968 S.O t969 5.O 197O 5.O 1971 S.O 1972 5.O 1973 5.0 1974 S.O 1975 28 1976 28 1977 28 1978 28
1968 S.O 1969 S.O 197O S.O 1971 S.O 1972 S.O 1973 S.O 1974 S.O 1975 27 1976 27 1977 27 1978 2.7 1979 27
1969 4.9 197O .9 4971 4.9 1973 4.9 1973 4.9 1974 4.9 1975 27 1976 27 1977 27 1978 27 1979 27 198O
197O 4.8 1971 .8 1972 4.8 1973 4.B 1974 4.B 1975 2.6 1976 26 1977 26 197B 26 1979 26 198O
1971 4.7 1972 .7 1973 4.7 1974 4.7 1975 2.6 1976 26 1977 2.6 197B 26 1979 26 1980
1972 4.6 1973 .6 1974 4.6 1975 2.5 1976 2.5 1977 2.5 1978 2.5 1979 25 1980 17 1961
1973 4.6 1974 .6 197S 2.4 1976 2.4 1977 2.4 1978 2.4 1979 2.4 1980 7 1981 17 1982
1974 4.5 1975 2.4 1976 2.4 1977 2.4 1978 2.4 1979 2.4 1980 7 1981 7 1982 7 1983
1975 2.3 1976 2.3 1977 2.3 1978 2.3 1979 23 1980
1976 2.2 1977 2.2 1978 2.2 1979 2.2 198O .6 19B1
1977 2.1 197B 2.1 1979 2.1 198O .6 1981 .6 I9B2
1978 2.O 1979 2.O 198O .5 1981 .5 1962 .5 I9B3
1979 .9 1980 .5 1981 .5 1982 .5 19B3 .5 1984
198O .4 1981 .4 1982 .4 1983 .4 19B4 .4 1985
198 1 . 4 1982 . 4 1983 . 4 1984 . 4 1905 . 4 1986
I9B2 .3 1983 .3 19B4 .3 1985 .3 1986 3 1987
1983 .3 19B4 .3 1985 .3 1986 .3 1987 .3 1988
1984 .2 19B5 .2 1986 .2 19B7 .2 1988 .2 1989
1985 2 1986 .2 1987 .2 1988 .2 1989 .2 1990
January
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 20O3 2005
MV* E** MV* E*» MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E
1976 2.B 1979 2.8 19BO
1979 2.8 19BO
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
19B5
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
.8 1981
.8 1982
.B 1963
.8 1964
.7 1985
.7 1986
.7 1987
.7 19BB
.6 1969
.6 1990
.S 1991
.5 1992
4 1993
4 1994
.3 1995
.3 1996
.2 1997
.2 1998
9 196 1
.8 1962
.8 1963
.8 1984
.8 1985
.7 1986
.7 1987
.7 19BB
,7 1969
.6 1990
.6 1991
.5 1992
.5 1993
.4 1994
.4 1995
.3 1996
. 3 1997
.2 1998
.2 1999
.9 1981
.9 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.6 1985
.8 1986
.7 19B7
. 7 1968
.7 1969
.7 1990
.6 1991
.6 1992
5 1993
5 1994
.4 199S
.4 1996
.3 1997
.3 1996
.2 1999
.2 2OOO
.9 1984
9 1965
.8 1986
.8 1967
.8 1968
.8 1989
7 199O
.7 1991
.7 1992
.7 1993
.6 1994
6 1995
.5 1996
.5 1997
.4 1998
4 1999
3 2OOO
.3 2001
.2 2OO2
.2 2003
.9 1986
.9 19B7
.8 1968
B 19B9
.8 1990
.6 1991
.7 1992
.7 1993
.7 1994
7 1995
6 1996
.6 1997
5 1998
.5 1999
.4 2OOO
.4 2OO1
.3 20O2
.3 2OO3
.2 2OO4
.2 2O05
.7 1981 .7 1982 7 (983 7 1984
. 6 1982 .6 1983 6 1984 . 6 1985
. 6 1983 . 6 1984 6 1985 6 1986
.5 1984 .5 1985 5 1986 5 1987
.5 1965 .5 1986 5 1987 5 (988
. 4 1966 4 1967 4 1988 4 1989
.4 1987 .4 1988 4 1989 4 199O
.3 1986 .3 1969 3 199O 3 1991
3 1989 .3 199O .3 1991 3 1992
.2 199O .2 1991 .2 1992 2 1993
.2 1991 2 1992 2 1993 2 1994
8 1981
7 1982
.7 1983
7 1984
7 1985
6 1986
.6 1987
5 1988
5 1989
4 199O
4 1991
3 1992
3 1993
.2 1994
2 1995
8 1981
8 1982
.7 1983
7 1984
7 1985
7 1986
.6 1987
6 1988
5 1989
5 1990
4 1991
4 1992
3 1993
3 1994
2 1995
2 1996
8
8
.8
7
. 7
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
.2
of Calendar Year
20O8 20 1O 2012 2015 2018 2O2O
* MV* E** MV* E*« MV* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E»*
.9 1969
.9 199O
8 1991
.8 1992
.8 1993
.8 1994
.7 1995
7 1996
7 1997
.7 1996
.6 1999
6 2000
5 2OO1
5 2O02
4 2O03
4 2OO4
.3 2OO5
.3 2OO6
.2 2OO7
.2 2OO8
.9 1991
.9 1992
.B 1993
.6 1994
.8 1995
.8 1996
.7 1997
.7 1998
.7 1999
7 2OOO
.6 2O01
6 20O2
.5 2OO3
5 2OO4
.4 2OO5
.4 2OO6
3 20O7
. 3 2OOB
.2 2O09
.2 2O1O
9 1993
9 1994
8 1995
8 1996
8 1997
8 1998
.7 1999
7 2OOO
.7 2OO1
.7 2OO2
.6 2OO3
6 2OO4
5 2OO5
5 2OO6
.4 2OO7
.4 2O08
3 2OO9
3 20 1O
.2 2O II
.2 2O 12
9 1996
9 1997
8 1998
8 1999
8 2OOO
.8 2O01
7 2002
7 2OO3
. 7 2OO4
7 2OO5
.6 2006
6 2OO7
5 2O08
5 20O9
4 2O1O
4 2O 1 1
3 2O 12
.3 2O 1 3
2 2O 14
.2 2O 15
9 1999
9 20OO
8 2O01
B 2OO2
B 2003
8 20O4
7 2OO5
7 2OO6
7 2OO7
7 2OO8
6 2OO9
6 2O1O
5 20 1 I
5 20 1 2
.4 2O 13
.4 2O 14
3 2015
3 20 16
.2 2O 17
.2 2O tB
9 200 1
9 2OO2
8 20O3
8 2OO4
8 20O5
8 2OO6
7 2007
7 2OO8
7 2009
7 2O IO
6 2O1 1
6 2O 12
5 2OI3
5 2014
4 2O 15
4 2016
3 2017
3 2O 18
2 2O 19
2 2020
.9
9
8
8
8
a
7
7
7
7
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
•MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MV" on January 1 of I lie given calendar year.   Iliese
       emission levels are calculated for the baste test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP = 75 Degrees F. 2O 6"/g of VMT traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In not start.  Emissions aie based on January  1 mileage
       accumulat(on f tgures given In Table 1.5.4A.

-------
 H-1 16
                                                          TABLE 1 .5. MC
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY * E** HV* £ * * HV* E** NY* E** MY* E»* MY* E** MY* £* * MY* E * * MV* E** MY* E** MY * E « * MY* E*»
1966 2.2 1967 2.2 1968 2.2 1969 2.2 197O 2.2 1971 2.2 1972 2.2 1973 22 1974 22 1975 21 1976 21 1977 2.1
1967 2.2 196B 2.2 1969 2.2 197O 2.2 1971 2.2 1972 2.2 1973 2.2 1974 2.2 1975 21 1976 2.1 1977 21 197B 21
1968 2. 1969 2. 1 197O 2. 1971 2. 1 1972 2. 1 1973 2. 1 1974 2. 1 1975 2. 1 1976 2. 1 1977 21 197B 21 1979 2 . 1
1969 2. 197O 2.1 1971 2. 1972 2.1 1973 2.1 1974 2.1 1975 2.1 1976 2.1 1977 21 1978 2.1 1979 2.1 198O 2.1
197O 2. 1971 2.1 1972 2. 1973 2.1 1974 2.1 1975 2.O 1976 2.O 1977 2 O 1978 2 O 1979 20 198O 2 O 1981
1971 2. 1972 2.1 1973 2. 1974 2.1 197S 2.O 1976 2.O 1977 2.O 1978 2.O 1979 20 198O 2.O 1981
1972 2. 1973 2.1 1974 2. 1975 2.O 1976 2.O 1977 2.O 197B 2.O 1979 2 O 19BO 20 1981
1973 2.O 1974 2.O 1975 2.O 1976 2.O 1977 2 O 1978 2.O 1979 2.0 198O 2 O 19B1
1974 2.O 1975
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
.9 1976
.9 1977
.8 1978
.8 1979
.7 19BO
.7 1981
.5 1982
.4 1983
. 4 1984
.9 1976
.9 1977
.9 1978
.8 1979
.8 198O
.7 1981
.5 19B2
.5 1983
.4 1984
.4 1985
.9 1977
.9 1978
.9 1979
.8 I98O
.8 1981
.6 1982
.5 1983
.5 1984
.4 1985
.O 1986
.9 197B '.9 1979
.9 1979
.9 19BO
.8 1981
.6 1982
.6 1983
.5 1984
.5 1985
.O 1986
.O 1987
.9 198O
.9 1981
.6 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.5 1985
.O 19B6
.O 19B7
.O 19BB
.9 198O 19 1981
.9 1981
.7 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.6 1985
1 1986
.O 1987
.O 19B8
O 19B9
.7 1982
.7 1983
6 1984
.6 1985
. 1 1986
. 1 1987
.O 19BB
.0 1989
.O 199O
7 19B2
7 1983
7 1984
6 1985
.2 19B6
. 1 1987
. 1 1988
.O 1989
O 1990
.O 1991
.7 1982
.7 1983
7 1984
7 1985
2 1986
.2 1987
. 1 1988
1 1989
.O 199O
O 1991
.0 1992
8 1982
7 1983
7 1984
7 1985
2 I9B6
2 1987
2 1988
1 1989
1 199O
8 1982
8 1983
7 19B4
7 1985
2 1986
.2 1987
.2 1988
2 1989
1 199O
1 1991
.O 1991 1.0 1992
.O 1992 1O 1993
.O 1993 10 1994
8
6
B
7
3
2
2
2
.2
1
1
.O
O
O
.3 1985 O.9 1986 O.9 19B7 O.9 1988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O.9 1991 O.9 1992 O.9 1993 09 1994 O.9 1995 O.9
1985 O.9 1986 O.9 1987 O.9 1988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O.9 1991 O.9 1992 O.9 1993 O.9 1994 O 9 1995 O.9 1996 O.9
1997
MY* EI
1978 :
1979 :
1980 :
1981
1982
1983
19B4
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
199S
1996 (
1997 (
199B
* MV * E <
M (979 I
! . 1 I960 I
!.1 1981
.8 1982
.8 1983
.B 1984
.8 1985
.3 19B6
.3 1987
.2 1988
.2 1989
.2 199O
.2 1991
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
.0 1996
J.9 1997 (
3.9 1998 (
1999
'* MY* E<
! . 1 19BO :
e.t i9Bi
.8 19B2
.8 1983
.8 19B4
.8 1985
.3 1986
.3 1987
.3 1988
.2 19B9
.2 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
. 1 1993
. 1 1994
.O 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
).9 1998 (
1.9 1999 (
2OOO
1" MY* E'
!.t 1981
.6 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.8 1985
. 3 19B6
.3 19B7
.3 198B
.3 1989
.2 1990
.2 1991
.2 1992
.2 1993
. 1 1994
. t 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
.O 1998
).9 1999 C
).9 2OOO (
2003
'* MV* E<
.9 1984
.8 1985
.8 1986
.8 1987
.4 1988
.3 1989
.3 1990
.3 1991
.3 1992
.2 1993
.2 1994
.2 1995
.2 1996
. t 1997
. 1 1998
.O 1999
.O 20OO
.O 2OO1
).9 2O02 C
).9 2OO3* (
January
2OO5
.t HV* £<
.9 1986
.4 1987
.4 1988
.4 1989
.4 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.2 1995
,2 1996
.2 1997
.2 1998
. 1 1999
. 1 2000
.O 2OO1
.O 20O2
O 20O3
) 9 2OO4 C
) 9 2005 C
of Cat endc
2OOB
'* MV* E'
.4 1989
.4 1990
.4 1991
.4 1992
4 1993
.3 1994
3 1995
.3 1996
.3 1997
.2 1998
.2 1999
2 2000
.2 2O01
. 1 2OO2
. 1 2O03
.O 2OO4
.O 2O05
.O 2006
> 9 20O7 C
) 9 2OO8 C
ir Year
2010
'* MY* E
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
.3 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.2 2OOO
.2 2OO1
.2 2OO2
2 2OO3
1 2OO4
. 1 2005
O 2006
O 2OO7
.0 2OO8
>.9 2OO9 C
) 9 2O1O C
2012
"* MY* E
.4 1993
4 1994
.4 1995
4 1996
.4 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.3 20OO
.3 2001
.2 2OO2
.2 2OO3
2 2OO4
.2 2OO5
1 2OO6
1 2OO7
0 2OO8
.0 2OO9
.0 20 to
».9 201 1 C
>.9 20 12 C
2O15
** MY* E
4 1996
4 1997
4 1998
4 1999
4 2OOO
. 3 2O0 1
3 2002
3 2OO3
.3 2O04
.2 2OO5
2 2006
2 2OO7
2 20O8
1 2009
.1 2O 1O
0 201 1
.0 2O12
O 2O 13
).9 2014 C
) 9 2O15 C
2O 18
'* MY* E
4 1999
4 2OOO
.4 2O01
4 2OO2
4 2OO3
3 2OO4
.3 20O5
.3 2OO6
3 2007
. 2 20O8
. 2 2009
2 2O 1O
2 201 1
1 20 12
1 20 13
O 2014
.O 2O Ib
.O 2O 16
> 9 2O 17 C
> 9 2O 18 C
2O20
"* MY* E
4 2OO1
4 2OO2
4 2003
4 2OO4
4 20O5
3 2OO6
3 2O07
3 2OO8
3 2OO9
2 2O 1O
2 20 M
2 2012
2 20 13
1 20 14
1 2015
.O 2O 16
0 2017
O 2O 18
> 9 2019 C
) 9 2O2O f

F +
4
4
4
4
4
.3
3
3
3
.2
2
2
2
1
1
0
.O
O
) 9
> 9
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for  model  year  "MY"  on January  1 of  the given calendar year    These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic  test  conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEHP-75 Degrees F,  2O 6% of VMT  traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3% of  VMT  In  hot start.   Emissions are based on January  1 mileage
       accumulation figures given In Table 1.5.4A.

-------
                                    H-117

                                TABLE 1.6.1

                   NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                LOW ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

                           * BER - ZML +  (OR * M)

Pol
HC


CO


NOx




Model
Years
Pre-1978
1978-1980
1981 +
Pre-1978
1978-1980
1981+
Pre-1978
1978-1980
1981-1987
1988-1989
1990+
Zero Hi le
Emission Level
0.860
0.860
0.430
1-970
1.970
1-330
1.830
1.830
1.480
1.070
1.030
Deter iorat i
Rate
0.080
0.080
0.040
0.100
0.100
0.040
0.080
0.080
0.030
0.030
0.030
ion 50,000 Mi le
Emission Level
1.260
1.260
0.630
2.470
2.470
1-530
2.230
2.230
1.630
1.220
1.180
100,000 Mile
Emission Leve
1.660
1.660
0.830
2-970
2.970
1-730
2.630
2.630
1.780
1.370
1.330
  WHERE :    BER • Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates in grams/mile,
            ZML • Zero mile level in grams/mile,
            OR  * Deterioration rate in grams/mile/1OK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                       H-118

                   TABLE  1.6.3                                          ^^
    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR LOW ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

               * IER = ZML + (OR * M)
           Model       Zero Mile      Deterioration
 Pol        Years     Emission Level   	Rate	

  HC       Pre-1978        4.80           0.60
         1978-1980        6.00           0.60
           1981+           4.20           0.60

  CO       Pre-1978       18.00           1.20
         1978-1980       18.60           0.60
           1981+          18.60           0.60

  NOx     Pre-1978       11.40           0.60
         1978-1980       19.20           0.60
         1981-1986       20.40           0.60
           1987+           7.80           0.60
* WHERE :   IER - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML * Zero mile level in grams/hour
            OR  - Deterioration rate in grams/hour/1OK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE : MAY ig. 1989

-------
                                 H-iig
                             TABLE 1.6.4A

                         REGISTRATION MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             LOW ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
 Model
 Year
Index**
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
            (per truck  *)	(fleet)
    0.070
    0.092
    0.088
    0.083
    0.077

    0.072
    0.067
    0.062
    0.057
    0.051

    0.047
    0.041
    0.036
    0.031
    0.026

    0.021
    0.016
    0.011
    0.007
    0.044
2011*0.
17572.
15432.
13639.
12133.

10863-
 9788.
 8877-
 8103.
 7444.

 6883.
 6405.
 5999.
 5655.
 5365-

 5123.
 4924.
 4763.
 4637.
 4543.
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051

0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026

0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
11816.
10594.
 9560.
 8683.
 7938,

 7304.
 6763.
 6304.
 5913.
 5582.

 5304.
 5073.
 4884.
 4731.
 4613.
                                       Jan 1
                                      Mileage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
20140.
19498.
17037.
14984.
13262.
2517.
15025.
33252.
49230.
63326.
 75843.
 87030.
 97091.
106200.
114500.

122112.
129138.
135665.
141767-
147510.

152948.
158133.
163108.
167912.
172582.
 * Default  information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
   information about the  local area.

 ** The  indices refer to  the most recent model year vehicles  in any
    given calendar year.   Index 1 references the newest model year
    vehicles and  index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

 *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
     where:  JMAR(l) - MAR (1) and,
           JMAR(MYI) - .25*«AR(«YI) + .75**AR(MYI-1) . MYI - 2	20+.

 DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
               H-120

           TABLE 1.6.1iB

    DIESEL SALES FRACTION FOR
           LOW ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
 Model                 Diesel
 Years             _jj_!.es Fraction

Pre-1978               0.0
 1978                  o.oio
 1979                  0-015
 1980                  0.01*8
 1981                  0.082
 1982                  0.092
 1983                  0.01*2
 1981*                  0.026
 1985                  0.011
 1986                  0.020
 1987                  0.009
 1988                  0.027
 1989                  Q.Okk
 1990                  0.062
 1991                  0.080
 1992                  0.097
 1993                  °-n5
 199**                  0.132
 1995+                 0-150
DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                        H-121

                                    TABLE  1.6.5

                  EXAMPLE  TRAVEL  WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                    LOW ALTITUDE
                          LIGHT DUTY DIESEL  POWERED TRUCKS
                                  JANUARY  1,  1<
            (A)        (B)           (C-A*B/DAF)        (D)
Model  LDT1 Fleet    Sales              LDDT     Annual  Mileage
Years Registration  Fraction  (A*B)  Registration  Accrual  Rate
1988
1987
1986
1985
1981*

1983
1982
1981
1980
1979

1978
1977
1976
1975
197*

1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
0.027
0.009
0.020
0.011
0.026
0.042
0.092
0.082
0.048
0.015
0.010
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
                                                             (CAD/TFNORM)
                                                                 Travel
                                                          C*D)  Fract ions
                     0.001
                     0.001
                     0.002
                     0.001
                     0.002

                     0.003
                     0.006
                     0.005
                     0.003
                     0.001

                     0.000
                     0.0
                     0.0
                     0.0
                     0.0

                     0.0
                     0.0
                     0.0
                     0.0
                     0.0
                       OAF: 0.024
0.026
0.072
0.037
0.082

0.121*
0.253
0.209
0.112
0.031

0.019
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2011*0.
17037.
1i*98i*.
13262.

11816.
10591*.
 9560.
 8683.
 7938.

 7301*.
 6763-
 6301*.
 5913-
 5582.

 5301*.
 5073-
 1*881*.
 4731.
 1*613.
1089.2
11*65-8
2679.0
1993-9
 974.6
 249.1

 140.8
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0

   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
0.045
0.057
0.106
0.049
0.094

0.127
0.232
0.172
0.084
0.022

0.012
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
                                               TFNORM:  11566-7
WHERE

  A
  B
  D

NOTE ;
 - January 1 registration mix from Table  1.6.4A,
 • Diesel fleet sales fractions,
 • Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation  rate  from Table 1.6.4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions  will  change for  every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column  B)  changes
for almost every model year.
DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                            H-122

                        TABLE 1.6.6

         SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                        LOW ALTITUDE
             LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

             * SCF(s,sadj)  = SF(s)/SF(sadj)

               SF (s)» EXP(A + B*s + C*s**2)
                              Coefficients
                           A        B

                        0.90900 -0.05500  0.0001*1*

                        1.37520-0.08800  0.00091

                        0.66800 -O.OU800  0.00071
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
All
All
All
* WHERE :

     s    - average speed  (mph),
     sadj  • basic test procedure speed; adjusted for
            fraction of cold start operation x and
            fraction of hot  start operation w,
            [1/sadj -  (v*x)/26 +  (l-w-x)/l«.

DATE : NAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-123

                                TABLE  1.6.7

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR  LOW ALTITUDE
                     LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
         Model  Test Segment  1
  Pol    vears      81     01
              Normalized Fractions
           Test Segment 2 Test segment 3  Total Test
                     D2_   _B3__    D3   _BO     DQ__
  HC   Pre-1979   1.2090 0.1120  1.0730 0.0910 0.7030 0.0930  1.OOOO 0.0959
        1979      1.2090 0.1100  1.0730 0.0890 0.7030 0.0920  1.0000 0.0941
      1980-1982   1.2090 0.1100  1.0730 0.089O 0.7030 0.0920  1.0000 0.0941
        1983+     1.2090 0.11 SO  1,0730 0.0930 0.7030 0.0950  1.0000 0.0981

  CO   Pr-e-1979   1.1990 0.0620 0.9350 0.0440 0,9740 0-0530  1.OOOO 0.0502
        1979      1.1990 0.0600 0.9350 0.0430 0.9740 0.0510  1.0000 0.0487
      1980-1982   1.1990 O.0570 0.9350 0.040O 0.974O 0.0480  1.0000 0.0457
        1983+     1.1990 0.0570 0.9350 0.040O 0.9740 0.0480  1.0000 0.0457

  NOx  Pre-1979   1.0680 0.0330 0.9810 0.0360 0.9SSO 0.0320  1.0000 0.0343
        1979      1.0680 0.0330 0.9810 0.0350 0.9850 0,0320  1.0000 0.0338
      1980-1984   1.0680 0.0360 0.9810 0.0380 0.985O 0.0350  1.0000 0.0368
        1985+     1.0680 0.0710 0.9810 0.0720 0.9850 0.0680  1.0000 0.0707

NOTE :  The fractions given  in this table are used  in the calculation of the
       ooerating-mode/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)
[(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/DENOM].
   W   -TCF(1 )"
-------
              H-12U

          TABLE 1.6.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
  Mode)              Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1978               0.03**
1978-1980               0.03^
  1981+                 0.017
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                                                  1	

-------
H-
                                                         TABLE
                                         BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19.  1989
January 1 of Ca 1 endar Year
19B5 1986 1987 1988 19B9 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
196 t
19B2
1983
19B4
19B5

E* + MV*
22 1967
2.2 1968
2.2 1969
2 . 1 1970
2.1 1971
2.0 1972
2.O 1973
.9 1974
.9 1975
.8 1976
.8 1977
.7 1978
.6 1979
.6 198O
.5 1981
O.7 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
O.S 1985
0.4. 1986

E** MV* E** MV*
2.2 1968 2.2 1969
2.2 1969 2.2 197O
2.2 197O 2.2 1971
2.1 1971 2. 1 1972
2. 1 1972 2. 1 1973
2.O 1973 2.O 1974
2.O 1974 2.O 1975
.9 1975 .9 1976
.9 1976 .9 1977
.8 1977 .8 1978
.8 t97B .8 1979
.7 (979 .7 19BO
.6 (980 .6 19B1
.6 1981 O.8 19B2
O.7 1982 O.7 19B3
O.7 1983 O.7 19B4
O.6 1984 O.6 1985
O.6 1985 O.6 1986
O.S 1986 O.S 1987
O.4 1987 O.4 1988

E** HV*
2.2 197O
2.2 1971
2.2 1972
2.1 1973
2.1 1974
2.O 1975
2.O 1976
.9 1977
.9 1978
6 1979
.8 198O
.7 1981
O.8 1982
O.S 1983
O.7 1964
O.7 1965
O.6 19B6
O.6 1987
O.S 1988
0.4 1989

E** MV*
2.2 1971
2.2 1972
2.2 1973
2.1 1974
2. 1 1975
2.O 1976
2.O 1977
1.9 1978
1.9 1979
1.6 19BO
1.6 19B1
O 9 1982
O.S 1983
O.B 1984
O.7 1985
O.7 1986
0.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.S 1989
O.4 1990
January
E** MV*
2.2 1972
2.2 1973
2.2 19T4
2. 1 1975
2.1 1976
2.O 1977
2.0 1978
19 1979
1.9 198O
1.8 1981
O 9 1982
O.9 1983
O.B 1984
O.B 1985
O.7 1986
O.7 1987
O 6 1988
O.6 1989
OS 199O
O.4 1991
E * * MV *
22 1973
2.2 1974
22 1975
2.1 1976
2.1 1977
2.O 197B
2.O 1979
1.9 198O
1.9 19B1
O.9 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 19B4
O.S 1985
O.8 1986
O.7 1987
O.7 1988
O.6 (989
0 . 6 199O
O.S 1991
O.4 1992
E** MV*
2.2 1974
22 1975
2.2 1976
2. 1 1977
2. 1 1978
2.0 1979
2O 1980
1.9 1981
0.9 1982
O 9 1983
0.9 1984
O 9 1985
OB 1986
08 1987
O 7 1988
O.7 1989
O 6 199O
O 6 1991
O.S 1992
O.4 1993
E** MY*
22 1975
22 1976
2.2 1977
2 1 1978
2 1 1979
2 . 1980
20 1981
10 1982
O 9 (983
09 1984
O 9 1985
OS 1986
O.S 19B7
08 1988
O 7 19B9
07 1990
06 199 t
O 6 1992
O 5 1993
04 1994
E** MY*
22 1976
22 1977
2.2 197B
2 1 1979
2 . 1 t9BO
2O 1981
1 O 1982
1.O 1983
O.9 19B4
09 1985
O 9 1986
O.9 1987
O 8 1988
O 8 1989
O 7 199O
O 7 1991
O 6 1992
06 1993
OS 1994
O.4 1995
E** MY*
22 1977
22 1978
22 1979
2 1 1980
21 1981
1.O 1982
1 O 19S3
10 1984
O 9 1985
O.S 1986
O 9 1987
O 9 1988
OS 1989
O.B I99O
O.7 1991
O 7 1992
O 6 1993
O 6 1994
O 5 1995
O 4 1996
E**
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 1
1 0
1 0
1 O
t .O
09
O 9
09
O 9
O 8
OB
O 7
O 7
06
06
O 5
O 4
1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2003 2OO5 20O8 2O1O 2O12 2015 2O18 202O
MV*
1976
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1980
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E** HV*
2.2 1979
2 . 2 198O
2.2 1981
. 1 1982
.O 1983
.O 1984
.O 1985
.O I9B6
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 1989
O.9 199O
O-B 1991
O-B 1992
O.7 1993
O.7 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
0.5 1997
O 4 1998
E** MV* E** MV*
2.2 198O 2.2 1981
2.2 1981 .1 1982
. 1 1982 . t 1983
. 1 1983 . 1 1984
.0 1984 .0 1985
.O 1985 .O 1986
.O 1986 .O 1987
.O 1987 .O 198B
O.9 1988 O.9 1989
0.9 1989 O.9 199O
O.9 199O O.9 1991
O.9 1991 O.9 1992
O.8 1992 O.8 1993
O.8 1993 O.8 1994
O.7 1994 O.7 1995
0 . 7 1 995 0 . 7 1 996
O.6 1996 O.6 1997
O.6 1997 O.6 1998
O.S 1998 O.S 1999
O.4 1999 O.4 2OOO
E** MV*
. 1 1984
. 1 1985
. t 1986
. t 1987
.O 1988
.O 1989
.O 1990
.O 1991
O.9 1992
0.9 1993
O.9 1994
0.9 1995
O.8 1996
O.8 1997
O.7 1998
O.7 1999
O.6 20OO
O.6 2OO1
O.S 2002
O.4 2OO3
E** MV*
. 1 1966
. 1 1967
. 1 19B8
. t 1989
.O 199O
.O 1991
.O 1992
.O 1993
0.9 1994
O.9 199S
O.9 1996
O.9 1997
O.B 1998
O.B 1999
O.7 20OO
0.7 2OO1
O.6 2002
O.6 2O03
0.5 2004
O.4 2OO5
E** ,MV*
. 1 19B9
. 1 199O
t 1991
. t 1992
.O 1993
0 1994
.O 199S
.0 1996
0.9 1997
O.9 1998
O.9 1999
O.9 2OOO
OB 20O1
OB 2OO2
O 7 20O3
O 7 2OO4
O.6 2OO5
O.6 2OO6
O.S 2O07
0.4 2OO8
E** MV*
. 1 1991
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
1 1994
.O 1995
O 1996
.O 1997
.O 1998
O.9 1999
O.9 2OOO
O.9 20O1
O.9 2OO2
O.8 20O3
O.8 20O4
O.7 20O5
O 7 2006
O.S 2007
06 2OO8
O.S 2009
O.4 2O 10
E** MV*
t 1993
1 1994
1 1995
1 1996
O 1997
O 1998
.O 1999
O 2OOO
O 9 20O1
O.9 2002
O.9 2003
O.9 2OO4
O.8 2OO5
0 8 2O06
O 7 2OO7
07 2OOB
0.6 2O09
O 6 2010
O.S 2O1 t
O.4 2O 12
E** MY*
. t 1996
. 1 1997
. 1 1998
1 1999
0 2000
O 2O01
O 2OO2
O 2OO3
09 2O04
O 9 2OO5
0 9 2O06
0.9 2007
08 2OOB
O 8 2OO9
O 7 2O10
0.7 20t 1
O 6 2O 12
O.6 2O 13
O 5 20(4
O 4 20 15
E * * MY *
. 1 1999
1 2OOO
. 1 2OOt
1 2OO2
.O 2O03
.O 2004
O 2OO5
O 2OO6
0.9 2OO7
O 9 2OO8
O 9 2O09
O 9 2O IO
O.S 2O 1 1
OB 2O 12
O.7 2O13
07 2O 14
06 2015
O 6 2O 16
O.S 2017
O . 4 2O 1 8
E * * MY *
. 1 20Ot
1 2OO2
1 2003
. t 2OO4
.0 20O5
0 2006
.O 2OO7
.O 2OO8
O 9 2O09
O 9 2O1O
09 201 1
09 2012
OB 2O 1 3
08 2014
O 7 20 tS
07 2016
06 2017
O 6 2O 18
O 5 20 19
O.4 2O2O
E**
. 1
1
. 1
t
O
0
O
O
09
O 9
09
O 9
OB
08
O. 7
O 7
O 6
O 6
0.5
O .1
-- Indicates the modal year.
-- Indicates the average grams/mile emission
level for
mode 1 year
"MV" on January 1 of
the given calendar year
These

      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VM1 traveled
      In cold start, 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.  Emissions are based on January 1 mileage
      accumulation figures given  In Table 1.6.4A.

-------
H-126
                                                          TABLE  t.6. I IB
                                                                                           DA IE  :  MAV 19.
                                                                                                           .89
                                         BY MODEL  YEAR  EMISSION LEVELS  FOR  LOW ALT]
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
                                                                CO
                                                                                    TUDE
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
MY* E** MV* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MV» E«* MY* E
1994 1995
1996

•* MY* E** MY* E" MY* E**
1966 3.7 1967 3.7 1968 3.7 1969 3.7 I97O 3.7 197 t 3.7 1972 3.7 1973 3.7 1974 3.7 1975 3.7 1976 37 1977 37
1967 3.6 1968 3.6 1969 3.6 197O 3.6 1971 3.6 1972 3.6 1973 3.6 1974 3.6 1975 3.6 1976 36 1977 36 1978 36
1968 3.6 1969 3.6 197O 3.6 1971 3.6 1972 3.6 1973 3.6 1974 3.6 1975 36 1976 3.6 1977 3.6 1978 36 1979 36
1969 3.6 197O 3.6 1971 3.6 1972 3.6 1973 3.6 1974 3.6 1975 3.6 1976 3.6 1977 36 1978 36 1979 36 198O 36
197O 3.5 1971 3.5 1972 3.5 1973 3.5 1974 3.5 1975 3.5 1976 3.5 1977 3.5 1978 3.5 1979 3.5 198O 3.5 1981
1971 3.4 1972 3.4 1973 3.4 1974 3.4 1975 3.4 1976 3.4 1977 3.4 1978 34 1979 34 1980 34 1981
1972 3.4 (973 3.4 1974 3.4 1975 3.4 1976 3.4 1977 3.4 1978 3.4 1979 3.4 I9BO 3.4 1981 9 1982
1973 3.3 1974 3.3 1975 3.3 1976 3.3 1977 3.3 1978 3.3 1979 3.3 1980 3.3 1981
1974 3.3 1975 3.3 1976 3.3 1977 3.3 1978 3.3 1979 3.3 198O 3.3 1981
1975 3.2 1976 3.2 1977 3.2 1978 3.2 1979 3.2 198O 3.2 1981
1976 3.1 1977 3.1 1978 3.1 1979 3.1 198O 3.1 1981
1977 3.0 1978 3 O 1979 3.O 198O 3.O 1981
1978 2.9 1979 2.9 19BO 2.9 1981
1979 2.8 198O 2.8 1981
198O 2.7 1981
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985

1997
.6 1982
.5 1983
.5 1984
.4 198S
.3 1986

1998
.6 1982
.6 1983
.5 1984
.5 1985
.4 1986
.3 1987

1999
.7 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.5 1985
.5 1986
.4 1987
.3 1988

2000
.7 1982
.7 1983
.6 1984
.6 1985
.5 1986
.5 1987
.4 1988
.3 1989

2003
.8 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.6 1985
.6 1986
.5 1987
.5 1988
.4 1989
.3 1990
January
2005
.8 1982
.8 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
.6 1986
.6 1987
.5 1988
.5 1989
.4 199O
.3 1991
.8 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.7 1985
.7 1986
.6 1987
.6 1988
.5 1989
5 1990
.4 1991
.3 1992
.8 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.8 1985
. 7 1986
7 1987
.6 1988
6 1989
5 199O
5 1991
.4 1992
.3 1993
.9 1982 9 1983
.8 1983 .8 1984
.8 1984 .8 1985
.8 1985 8 1986
8 1986 8 1987
7 1987 .7 19B8
7 1988 7 1989
6 1989 6 199O
6 1990 6 1991
.5 1991 5 1992
5 1992 .5 1993
A 1993 .4 1994
.3 1994 .3 1995
9 1982
9 1983
9 1984
.8 1985
8 1986
.8 1987
.8 1988
7 1989
7 199O
6 1991
6 1992
5 1993
5 1994
4 t995
3 1996
1 .9
9
.9
9
8
.8
.8
8
7
.7
6
6
.5
5
4
. 3
of Calendar Year
20OB
20 1O
20 12
2015 2O IB
2O20

MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY+ E + * MY* E** MY* E** MY* E + *
1978 3.7 1979 3.7 198O 3.7 1981 2.O 1984 2.O 1986 2 O 1989 2.O 1991 2.O 1993 20 1996 2.O 1999 2.O 2O01 2.O
1979 3.6 198O 3.6 1981 2.O 1982 2.O 1985 2.O 1987 2.O 199O 2.O 1992 2.O 1994 2.O 1997 2.O 2OOO 2.O 2OO2 2.O
198O 3.6 1981 2.O 1982 2.O 1983 2.O 1986 2.O 1988 2.O 1991 2.O 1993 2.0 1995 2 O 1998 2 O 2O0 1 20 2OO3 2 O
1981 2.O 1982 2.0 1983 2.0 1984 2.O 1987 2.0 1989 2.O 1992 2 .0 1994 2.O 1996 2.O 1999 2.0 2O02 2 O 2OO4 2 O
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MY --
**E -
.9 1983
.9 1984
.9 1985
.9 1986
.8 1987
.8 1988
.8 1989
.8 199O
.7 1991
.7 1992
.6 1993
.6 1994
.5 1995
.5 1996
.4 1997
.3 1998
- Indicates
- Indicates
.9 1984
9 1985
.9 1986
.9 1987
.8 1988
.8 1989
.8 1990
.8 1991
.7 1992
.7 1993
.6 1994
.6 1995
.5 1996
.5 1997
.4 1998
.3 1999
.9 1985
.9 1986
.9 1987
.9 1988
.8 1989
8 1990
.8 1991
.8 1992
.7 1993
.7 1994
.6 1995
.6 1996
.5 1997
.5 1996
.4 1999
.3 200O
.9 1988
.9 1989
.9 1990
.9 1991
.8 1992
.8 1993
.8 1994
.8 1995
.7 1996
7 1997
.6 1998
.6 1999
5 2OOO
.5 2OOI
.4 20O2
.3 20O3
.9 199O
.9 1991
.9 1992
.9 1993
.8 1994
.8 1995
.8 1996
.8 1997
.7 1998
.7 1999
.6 2OOO
.6 2OO1
.5 2OO2
.5 2O03
.4 2004
.3 2O05
.9 1993
.9 1994
.9 1995
.9 1996
.8 1997
.8 1998
.8 1999
.6 2000
.7 2O01
.7 2O02
.6 2003
.6 2OO4
.5 2OO5
.5 2OO6
.4 2O07
.3 20O8
.9 1995
.9 1996
.9 1997
.9 1998
.8 1999
.8 2000
.8 2OO1
.8 2OO2
.7 20O3
.7 20O4
.6 2OO5
.6 2006
.5 2OO7
.5 20O8
.4 2009
.3 2O1O
.9 1997
.9 1998
. 9 1 999
.9 20OO
8 2OO1
.8 20O2
8 20O3
.8 2004
7 2005
7 20O6
.6 2OO7
6 2O08
.5 2OO9
.5 2O10
.4 2011
.3 2O12
.9 2000 19 2OO3
9 2001 1 9 2004
. 9 20O2 . 9 2OO5
. 9 2OO3 . 9 2O06
8 2OO4 8 2007
.8 2O05 .8 20O8
8 2O06 8 2OO9
.8 2OO7 .8 2O 1O
7 2OO8 .7 2O 1 1
7 2009 7 2012
6 2O1O 6 2O13
.6 2O 1 1 6 2O14
5 2O 12 5 2015
.5 2O13 5 2016
.4 2014 4 2O17
.3 2O15 .3 2O18
9 2OO5
9 2O06
9 2OO7
.9 2O08
8 2OO9
8 2O1O
8 20 1 1
8 20 12
7 20 13
7 2O14
6 20 15
6 20 16
5 2017
5 2O 18
4 2OI9
.3 2O2O
9
. 9
9
9
a
.8
8
8
7
7
6
.6
5
5
.4
.3
the model year.
the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY" on January 1 of the given calendar year.
These

      emission  levels are calculated for  the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH. TtMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VM1  traveled
       In cold start. 52.IS of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on January  t mileage
      accumulation figures given  In Table 1.6.4A.

-------
 H
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOU ALTITUDE
                                                 LIGHT OUTV DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19, 1989
1985 19B6 19B7 1988
MV* E** MV* E** MY* E** MY* E<
1989
January 1 of Calendar Year
199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
'• MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E" MY* E'*
1966 3.2 (967 3.2 196B 3.2 1969 3.2 197O 3.2 1971 3.2 1972 3.2 1973 32 1974 32 1975 3.2 1976 32 1977 32
t967 3.2 1968 3.2 1969 3.2 197O 32 1971 3.2 1972 3.2 1973 3.2 1974 3.2 1975 3.2 1976 32 1977 32 I97B 32
4968 3. 1 1969 3. 1 I97O 3. I 1971 3. 1 1972 3. 1 1973 3. 1 1974 3. 1 1975 3. 1 1976 3. 1 1977 31 1978 31 1979 3 1
1969 3.1 197O 3.1 1971 3.1 1972 3.1 1973 3.1 1974 3.1 1975 3.1 1976 31 1977 3.1 1978 31 1979 31 198O 3 1
1970 3.1 1971 3.1 1972 3.1 1973 3.1 1974 3.1 197S 3.1 1976 3.1 1977 3.1 1978 31 1979 3.1 198O 31 1981
1971 3 O 1972 3.O 1973 3.O 1974 3.O 1975 3.O 1976 3 O 1977 3.0 1978 3 O 1979 3 O I98O 3 O 1981
1972 3 O 1973 3.O 1974 3.O 1975 3.O 1976 3.O 1977 3 O 1978 3.O 1979 30 198O 3 O 1981
1973 29 1974 2.9 1975 2.9 1976 2.9 1977 2.9 1978 2.9 1979 2.9 1980 29 1981
1974 2.9 1975 2.9 1976 2.9 1977 2.9 1978 2.9 1979 2.9 198O 2.9 1981
1975 2.8 1976 2.8 1977 2.8 1978 2.8 1979 28 198O 28 1981
1976 2.7 (977 2.7 1978 2.7 1979 2.7 198O 2.7 1981
1977 2.7 1978 2.7 1979 2.7 198O 2.7 1981
1978 2.6 1979 2.6 19BO 2.6 1981
1979 2.5 198O 2.5 1981 .7 1982
198O 2.4 1981 .7 1982 .7 1983
1981 1.7 1982 .7 1983 .7 1984
1982 1.6 1983 .6 1984 .6 1985
1983 1.6 1984 .6 1985 .6 1986
1984 1.5 1985 .5 19B6 .5 19B7
19B5 1.5 1986 .5 1987 .5 1988

1997 1998 1999 2OOO
.8 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
.6 1986
.6 1987
.5 1988
. 1 1989

2O03
.8 1982
.8 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
.7 1986
.6 1987
.6 (988
. 1 1989
. 1 199O
8 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984
.7 1985
.7 19B6
.7 1987
.6 1988
.2 1989
1 1990
.O 1991
8 1982
.6 (983
.8 1984
8 1985
.7 1986
.7 1987
. 7 1988
.2 1989
2 199O
.1 1991
.O 1992
.9 1982
8 1983
.8 1984
8 1985
.8 1986
.7 1987
7 1988
3 1989
2 1990
1 1991
1 1992
O 1993
.9 1982
9 1983
8 1984
8 1985
8 1986
8 1987
7 1988
.3 1989
3 199O
.2 1991
1 1992
1 1993
O 1994
.9 1982
9 1983
9 1984
8 1985
.8 1986
8 1987
8 1988
3 1989
.3 199O
2 1991
.2 1992
1 1993
1 1994
9 1982
9 1983
9 1984
9 1985
B 1986
8 1987
8 1988
4 1989
3 199O
3 1991
2 1992
2 1993
1 1994
. 1 1995
.O 1995 O 1996
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
4
4
3
3
2
2
t
1
.O
January 1 of Calendar Year
2O05 2OOB 201O 2O12 2O1S 2O18 2O20
MY* E'
1978 C
1979 :
19BO C
(98 1 :
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
* MY* E<
1.2 (979 :
1.2 198O t
i.i 198 ( :
!.0 1982 :
.9 1983
.9 1984
.9 1985
.9 (986
.9 1987
8 1988
.4 1989
4 (99O
.3 199 (
.3 1992
. 3 1993
.2 1994
.2 1995
. 1 (996
. 1 1997
.O 1998
'* MY* E<
).2 19BO :
1.2 1981 J
t.O 1982 I
t.O 1983 :
.9 1984
.9 1985
.9 1986
.9 (987
.9 (9B8
.4 1989
.4 199O
.3 1991
3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.2 1995
.2 1996
. ( (997
. 1 1998
.O 1999
> * MY * E <
1.2 1981 J
IO 19B2 :
E.O 1983 J
l.O 1984 :
.9 1985
.9 (986
.9 (987
.9 1988
5 19B9
.4 1990
.4 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.3 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
1 1998
.1 1999
.O 2OOO
'* MV* E<
t.O 1984 i
t.O 1985 :
t.O 1986 :
t.O 1987 I
.9 1988
.9 1989
.9 199O
.5 1991
.5 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
.3 1995
.3 1996
.3 (997
.3 1998
2 1999
.2 20OO
. t 20O1
. t 2OO2
.0 2003
'• MY* E<
t.O 1986 i
t.O 1987 :
t.O 1988
tO 19B9
.5 199O
.5 199 t
.5 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
.4 1995
.4 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.3 2OOO
.2 20O1
.2 2002
. 1 2OO3
. 1 2O04
.O 2O05
'* MY* E'
t.O 1989
t.O 1990
.6 1991
.5 1992
.5 1993
.5 1994
5 1995
.4 1996
.4 (997
.4 1998
4 1999
.3 20OO
.3 2OO1
.3 20O2
.3 20O3
2 2OO4
.2 2005
. 1 2O06
. ( 2O07
.O 2OO8
'* MV* E<
.6 (991
.5 (992
5 (993
.5 (994
.5 (995
.5 1996
5 1997
.4 1998
.4 1999
.4 20OO
.4 2OOI
.3 2OO2
3 2OO3
.3 2O04
.3 2OOS
.2 2O06
. 2 2OO7
. ( 2O08
. 1 2OO9
.O 2O 1O
>• Mv* E'
5 1993
5 1994
.5 (995
.5 (996
.5 1997
.5 1998
.5 1999
4 2OOO
.4 20O1
4 20O2
.4 2003
.3 2OO4
. 3 2OO5
3 2006
3 2OO7
2 2OO8
.2 2OO9
.1 2O 10
.1 201 1
O 2012
* MY* E<
. 5 1996
5 1997
.5 1998
5 1999
5 2000
5 2OO1
.5 2OO2
. 4 2OO3
4 2OO4
4 20O5
4 2OO6
3 2007
3 2O06
3 20O9
3 2O1O
2 2O1 1
.2 2O12
.1 2013
1 2014
0 2015
>* MY* E'
1.5 1999
t 5 2000
\ 5 200 1
\ . 5 2002
.5 2003
5 2004
5 2OO5
. 4 2O06
4 2OO7
4 2008
4 2009
3 201O
3 2O t 1
3 2012
3 20 13
2 2014
2 2015
1 20 16
t 20 17
O 20 18
' * MY * E '
1 5 2OO 1
1 5 2OO2
5 20O3
5 2OO4
5 20O5
5 2O06
5 2OO7
4 2OO8
4 2OO9
4 201O
4 2O 1 1
3 2O 12
3 2013
3 2O14
3 2O 15
2 2016
2 2O 17
1 2018
1 2019
O 2O2O
* +
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
O
•MY -- Indicates the model year.
'*£ -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MV* on January 1  of the given calendar- year   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH, TEHP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.   Emissions ace based on January 1 mileage
       accumulatIon f tgures given In Table 1  6 4A

-------
                                   H-128

                               TABLE 1.7.1

                  NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                               LOW ALTITUDE
                    HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                          • 8ER = ZML * (DR • M)

£31
HC



















CO



















MOx



















Modal
Zero Mi le
Years Emission Level
Pre-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pr«-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pra-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
3.540
3.660
3,780
3.810
3.910
3.910
3.990
3.920
3.510
3.170
2.780
2.660
2.820
2.590
2.280
2.230
2. 180
2.130
2.100
2.100
10.320
10.690
1 .040
.130
.420
, 42O
.650
.440
14.040
12.670
11 . 120
10.660
1 1 . 26O
10.350
10.360
10.140
9.900
9.670
9.530
9.520
22.990
23.830
24.590
24.800
25.460
25 . 440
25.970
25.500
23.780
21.470
18.840
18.060
19.080
17.530
17.560
17.180
16.770
9 . 790
8.010
7.990
Deterioration
Rate
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
. 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.140
0. 150
0.150
0.150
0. 160
0.160
0.160
0. 160
0. 120
0.110
0. 100
0.090
0.100
0.090
0,090
0.090
0.080
0.080
0.080
0 . 080
0.170
0.180
0.180
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
50.000 Mile
Emission Level
3.840
3.960
4.080
4. 110
4.210
4.210
4.290
4.220
3.510
3. 170
2.780
2.660
2.820
2.590
2.280
2.230
2. 180
2.130
2.100
2.100
11.020
1 1 . 440
1 1 . 790
1 1 . 880
12.220
12.220
12.450
12.240
14.64O
13.220
11.620
11.110
1 1 . 76O
10.800
10.810
10.590
10.300
10.070
9.930
9.920
23.840
24.730
25.490
25 . 750
26.410
26.390
26.920
26 . 450
23.780
21.470
18.840
18.060
19.080
17.530
17.560
17.18O
16.770
9.790
8.010
7.990
10O.OOO Mile
Emission Level
4. 140
4.260
4.380
4 .410
4,510
4.510
4.590
4.520
3.510
3, 170
2.780
2.660
2.820
2.590
2.280
2.230
2. 180
2. 130
2.100
2.100
1 1 . 720
12.190
12.540
12.630
13.020
13.020
1 3 . 250
13.040
15.240
13.770
12.120
1 1 . 560
12.260
1 1 . 250
1 1 . 260
11.040
10.700
10.470
10.330
10.320
24 . 690
25.630
26 . 390
26.700
27 . 360
27 . 340
27.870
27.400
23 . 780
21.470
18.840
18.060
19.080
17.530
17.560
17.180
16.770
9.790
8.010
7.990
  WHERE :    BER • Nontampered basic exhaust •mission rates In grams/ml la.
            ZML « Zero ml la laval In grams/mi la.
            OR  • Qatar 1 oration rata m grams/mil a/ 10K miles.
            M   • Cumulative mileage / 10. COO miles.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                       H-129

                   TABLE 1.7-3

    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR LOW ALTITUDE
        HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

               * IER - ZML + (DR * M)
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
Pre-1985
1985+
Al 1
Pre-1985
1985+
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
21.60
16.20
1*0.20
55-20
13.20
Deter i oration
Rate
0.0
0.0
0.60
0.0
0.0
* WHERE :    IER - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML - Zero mile level in grams/hour
            DR  • Deterioration rate in grams/hour/IOK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
 Model
 Year
Index**
                                 H-130
                     TABLE 1.7-4

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     LOW ALTITUDE
          HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
	(per vehicle*)	(fleet)
                                                   Jan 1
                                                  M!leage
                                                Accumulation
                                                  (fleet)
  2
  3
  k
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
0.082
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091

0.075
0.061
0.050
0.041
0.034

0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013

0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
                56990.
                52418.
                48214.
                44348.
                40792.

                37522.
                34514.
                31749.
                29205-
                26865-

                24713.
                22735-
                20914.
                19240.
                17700.

                16283.
                14980.
                13781.
                12678.
                11665.
0.0
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091

0.075
0.061
0.050
0.041
0.034

0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013

0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
    0.
56990.
52418.
48214.
44348.

40792.
37522.
34514.
31749.
29205-

26865.
24713-
22735.
20914.
19240.

17700.
16283.
14980.
13781,
12678.
     0.
 28495-
 83199.
133514.
179795-

222364.
261521.
297538.
330670.
361147.

389182.
414971.
438695.
460519.
480596.

499065.
516057-
531688.
546069.
559298-
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local  area.  This mileage distribution
    is applicable to calendar year 1988 only.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model  year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model  year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model  year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(1) - 0 and,
            JMAR(MYI) « MAR(MYI-l), MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                       H-131

                                   T/3LE 1.7-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                        HEAVY DUTY :  ESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JA>  .ARY 1, I!

Hodel
Years
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
'97*
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-

(A)
HDDV Fleet
Regi strat ion
0.0
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091
0.075
0.061
0.050
0.01*1
0.03*
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.021*

(B)
Sales
Fraction
1.000
1,000
1 .000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
DAF:


(A*B)
0.0
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091
0.075
0.061
0.050
0.041
0,03*
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
0.918
(C A*B/DAF)
HDDV
Regi strat ion
0.0
0.180
0.147
0.121
0.099
0.082
0.067
0.055
0.045
0.037
0.031
0.025
0.021
0.016
0.014
0.011
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.026

(D)
Annual Mileage
Accrual Rate
0.
56990.
52418.
48214.
44348.
40792.
37522.
34514.
317*9-
29205.
26865.
24713-
22735-
2091*.
19240.
17700.
16283.
14980.
13781.
12678.
TFNORM:
(C*0/TFNORM)

(C*D)
0.0
10254.4
7716.9
5836.1
4400.9
3336.3
2496.0
1881.9
1*19.5
1082.8
820.3
619.9
471.1
3*2.1
272.8
193-0
159-8
114.4
90.2
331-8
41840.1
Travel
Fractions
0.0
0.245
0.184
0.139
0.105
0.080
0.060
0.045
0.034
0.026
0.020
0.015
0.011
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.008

WHERE

  A
  B
  D
• January 1  registration mix from Table 1.7.4,
• Diesel fleet sales fractions.
- Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 1.7-4.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                     H-132

                 TABLE 1.7-6

  SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                 LOW ALTITUDE
     HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

       * SCF(s)- EXP(A + B*s + C*s**2)
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
A1 1
AH
All
Coef f ici ents
ABC
0
1
0
.92WO
. 39600
.67600
-0
-0
-0
.05500
.08800
.01*800
0
0
0
.0001*1*
.00091
.00071
* WHERE:   s - average speed  (mph).

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
              H-133

          TABLE 1.7.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1978               0.11.5
1978-1981               0.11*5
1982-1987               0.118
  1988+                 o.ioo
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC *  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                H-131*

            TABLE 1.7.10B


         CONVERSION FACTORS
          FOR LOW ALTITUDE
  HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
    Model               Conversion
    Years                 Factors*

   Pre-1962               2.850
    1962                  2.858
    1963                  2.871*
    1961.                  2.890
    1965                  2.900
    1966                  2.961*
    1967                  2.995
    1968                  3-07^
    1969                  3.100
    1970                  3.161
    1971                  3.197
    1972                  3.188
    1973                  3-213
4
     1975                   3-179
     1976                   3.2i»6
     1977                   3-187
     1978                   2.999
     1979                   2.716
     1980                   2.698
     1981                   2.376
     1982                   2.277
     1983                   2.W6
     1981.                   2.211
     1985                   2*211*
     1986                   2.167
     1987                   2.132
     1988                   2.099
     1989                   2.066
     1990                   2.050
     1991                   2.033
     1992                   2.033
     1993                   2.033
     199U                   2.039
     1995                   2.039
     1996                   2.037
     1997*                 2.036
* Convert from grams/brake-hoursepower/hour
  to grams/mile units.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                                          TABLE
                                                                      1A
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
January 1 <
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
MY* E** MY* E * * MY* E*» MY* E • * HY* E** MY* E * *
1966 6.9 1967 7.O 1968 7.O 1969 7.1 197O 7.2 1971 7.t
1967 6.9 1968 6.9 1969 7.1 197O 7.1 197 t 7.2 1972 7.;
1968 6.9 1969 7.O I97O 7.O 1971 7.t 1972 7.1 1973 7.
1969 6.9 197O 6.9 1971 7.O 1972 7.O 1973 7 O 1974 7.(
197O 6.8 1971 6.9 1972 6.9 1973 6.9 1974 69 1975 6.!
1971 6.8 1972 6.8 1973 6.8 1974 6.8 1975 6.8 1976 6.f
1972 6.7 1973 6.7 1974 €.7 1975 6.7 1976 €.7 1977 6.1
1973 6.5 1974 6.5 197S 6.5 1976 6.5 1977 6.6 1978 6 f
1974 6.4 1975 6.4 1976 6.4 1977 6.5 1978 6.4 1979 3.5
1975 6.2 1976 6.2 1977 6.3 1978 6.3 1979 3.5 198O 3.:
1976 6.1 1977 6.2 1978 6.1 1979 3.5 198O 3.2 198 t 3.:
1977 6.O 1978 5.9 1979 3.5 1980 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.f
1978 5.7 1979 3.5 198O 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.6 1983 2
1979 3.5 198O 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.1
19BO 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 2.(
1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 2.6 1986 2.:
1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.:
1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.2 1989 2.:
1984 2.8 1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.2 1988 2.2 1989 2.:
1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.2 1988 2.2 1989 2.2 199O 2.
January 1 c
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2003 2O05
MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E**
1978 73 1979 3.5 19BO 3.2 1981 3.2 1984 2.8 1986 2.:
1979 3.5 19BO 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1985 2.6 1987 2.:
198O 3.2 1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1986 2.3 1988 2.:
1981 3.2 1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1987 2.2 1989 2.:
1982 2.8 1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 26 1988 2.2 1990 2.
1983 2.7 1984 2.8 1985 26 1986 2.3 1989 2.2 1991 2
1984 2.8 1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.2 199O 2.1 1992 2.
1985 2.6 1986 2.3 1987 2.2 1988 2.2 1991 2.1 1993 2.
1986 2.3 1987 2.2 1988 2.2 1989 2.2 1992 2. 1994 2.
1987 2.2 1988 2.2 1989 2.2 199O 2. 1993 2. 1995 2.
1988 2.2 1989 2.2 199O 2. 1991 2. 1994 2. 1996 2
1989 2.2 199O 2. 1991 2. 1992 2. 1995 2. 1997 2.
199O 2. 1991 2. 1992 2. 1993 2. 1996 2 1998 2.
1991 2. 1992 2. 1993 2. 1994 2. 1997 2 1999 2.
1992 2 . 1993 2 . 1994 2 . 1995 2 . 1998 2 . 2OOO 2 .
1993 2. 1994 2. 1995 2. 1996 2. 1999 2. 2OO1 2.
1994 2. 1995 2. 1996 2. 1997 2. 200O 2. 2OO2 2.
1995 2. 1996 2. 1997 2. 1998 2. 2001 2. 20O3 2.
1996 2 . 1997 2 . 1998 2 . 1999 2 . 2002 2 . 2OO4 2 .
1997 2. 1998 2. 1999 2. 20OO 2. 2003 2. 20O5 2.
3f Calendar
1991
HY* E**
J 1972 7.:
t 1973 7.;
1974 7.
) 1975 7.(
J 1976 6 <
1 1977 6 <
i 1978 6.'
> 1979 3.!
> 198O 3.:
I 1981 3.:
! 1982 2.1
) 1983 2.'
F 1984 2.1
) 1985 2.<
> 1986 2.:
1 1987 2.:
I 1988 2.:
! 1989 2 . :
! 1990 2 .
1 1991 2.
if Ca 1 endar
2008
. _MY± E**
) 1989 2.:
! 199O 2.
! 1991 2.
! 1992 2.
1993 2.
1994 2.
1995 2.
1996 2 .
1997 2 .
1998 2 .
1999 2 .
20OO 2.
20O1 2.
20O2 2.
2OO3 2.
2004 2
20O5 2.
20O6 2.
20O7 2.
2OOB 2.
Year
1992
MY* E**
i 1973 7.:
! 1974 7.:
1 1975 7.
) 1976 7 (
) 1977 7.C
J 1978 6.f
r 1979 3.!
> 198O 3 I
! 1981 3 :
1 1982 2.1
i 1983 2 '
F 19B4 2 i
) 1985 2 (
i 1986 2 t
) 1987 2 I
i 1988 2 !
! 1989 2.:
I 1990 2
1 1991 2
1 1992 2
Year
20 1O
MY* E**
t 1991 2
1992 2.
1993 2.
1994 2
1995 2
1996 2
1997 2.
1998 2.
1999 2.
2000 2
2001 2.
2O02 2
2OO3 2.
2O04 2
2OO5 2.
2OO6 2
20O7 2
2OO8 2
2O09 2
2O1O 2

1993
MY* £••
1 1974 7 . :
! 1975 7 i
1976 7
) 1977 7
) 1978 6 £
) 1979 3 E
i 1980 3 :
! 1981 3 i
> 1982 2 E
) (983 2 "
r 1984 2 f
) 1985 2.C
i 1986 2.:
) 1987 2 :
> 1988 2.:
! 1989 2 2
! 1990 2
1991 2.
1992 2
t 1993 2.

2O12
MY* E**
1993 2
1994 2
1995 2
1996 2
1997 2
1998 2
1999 2 .
200O 2.
2O01 2.
2OO2 2.
2003 2
2004 2
2OO5 2
2O06 2
2OO7 2
2OO8 2
2OO9 2
2O10 2.
20 11 2
2O12 2

1994
MY* E**
J t975 7 .
! 1976 7.
1977 7
1978 7
) 1979 3
> 198O 3
! 1981 3
! 1982 2
1 1983 2.
r 1984 21
1 1985 21
> 1986 2.
) 1987 2
> 1988 2
> 19B9 2.
! 199O 2
1991 2
1992 2
1993 2.
1994 2

20 15
MY* E**
1996 2.
1997 2
1998 2
1999 2
20OO 2 .
2001 2
2002 2
2OO3 2
2004 2 .
20O5 2
2O06 2
2007 2
2008 2
2OO9 2
2O IO 2.
2011 2
2012 2
2013 2
20 14 2
2015 2

1995
MY* E'«
3 1976 7.
2 1977 7
2 1978 7
3 1979 3
5 198O 3.
2 198 1 3
2 1962 2
9 1983 2 '
7 1984 2 f
3 1985 2 f
i 1986 2 :
3 1987 2 .:
2 1988 2 .:
2 1989 2 :
2 I99O 2
1991 2
1992 2
1993 2
1994 2
1995 2

20 18
HY* E**
1999 2
2OOO 2
2OO t 2 .
2OO2 2
2OO3 2 .
2004 2
2OO5 2
2OO6 2
2007 2
2OOB 2 .
2OO9 2
2O IO 2
2011 2.
20 12 2
20 13 2.
20 14 2
2O 1 5 2
2016 2
20 17 2
2018 2

1996
MY* E*»
3 1977 73
3 1978 7 2
1 1979 35
5 I960 33
2 1981 33
2 1982 2 t
S 1983 21
r 1984 28
) 1985 26
> 1986 23
3 1987 22
! 1988 2 2
J 1989 2 2
J 199O 2
1991 2
1992 2
1993 2
1994 2
1995 2
1996 2

2O2O
MY* E**
20O1 2
2OO2 2
2003 2
2OO4 2 .
2005 2 .
2006 2
2007 2
2OO8 2
20O9 2
2O IO 2
20 11 2
2012 2
2O13 2
20 14 2
20 15 2
20 16 2
2017 2
2018 2
20 19 2
2O2O 2
•MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MV" on January 1 of the given calendar year.  Itiese
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP-75 Degrees F   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table J.7.4.

-------
H-t36
                                                          TABLE 1  7.11B
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19.  1989
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVV DUTV DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                CO


1985
MV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
(978
1979
198O
198 1
19B2
1983
1984
t985

E**
18.2
18.9
18.7
18.8
18.6
19. 1
18.8
18.4
18. 1
17.6
17.2
16.9
16.2
17.2
15. 1
14.6
12. S
11 .4
11.5
10. 4

1997
MV*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
20. 4
20. 6
18.5
18.3
16. t
15.0
15 9
14.3
14.1
13.6
12.8
12.5
12.1
(16
11.3
11 .O
10. 6
tO. 2
9.8
9.S



1986 1987
MV*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

E** MV*
19. t 1968
18.9 1969
19.0 197O
18.9 1971
19.4 1972
19.1 1973
18.8 1974
18.4 1979
18.1 1976
17.6 1977
17.4 1978
16.7 1979
17.6 198O
15.5 1981
15.1 1982
12.9 1983
11.9 1984
12.1 1985
1O. 6 1986
1O. 4 1987

E**
19.1
19.2
19. t
19.7
19.4
19. 1
18.8
18.4
18.1
17.9
17.2
18. 0
15.9
15.5
13.3
12.3
12.6
11. 1
10. 6
1O. 1

199B 1999
MV*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E** MV*
2O 8 198O
18.7 1981
18.5 1982
16.3 1983
15.2 1984
16.1 1985
14.5 1986
14.3 1987
13 9 1988
13. O 1989
12.8 199O
12.3 1991
11.9 1992
11.6 1993
11.3 1994
11.O 1995
1O. 6 1996
1O. 2 1997
9.8 1998
9.5 1999
E**
18.8
18.7
16.4
15.3
16.3
14.7
14.5
14, 1
13.2
13. 0
12.6
12.2
11.9
11.6
11 .3
11.0

-------
 H
                                                          TABLE
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVY DUTV DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DAIE
                                                                                                  MAY  19. 19B9
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985
MY*
1966
1967
I96B
t969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1976
1979
I9BO
19B1
19B2
1963
1964
1985

E**
32.5
33.7
33.4
33.9
34.3
34.6
34.2
33. B
33.3
32. B
32.3
32 3
31 .2
23.8
21.5
21 .5
18.8
18. 1
19. t
17.5

1997
MY*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
19B7
19B8
I9B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
36 1
23.8
21.5
21 .5
18.8
18. 1
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
16.8
16.8
9.8
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
80
8.0
1986
MY*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
t974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

E**
33.9
33.7
34.2
34.6
34 .9
34.6
34.2
33.6
33.3
32.8
32.8
31 .8
23 8
21.5
21 .5
18.8
18. 1
19. 1
17 5
17.6

1998
MY*
1979
19BO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
1967
1968
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
23.8
21.5
21 .5
18.8
18. 1
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
16 B
16 8
9.6
6.0
8.O
8.0
8.O
8.0
8.0
a o
a.o
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 (996
MY*
1968
1969
I97O
197 t
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
196 1
1962
1963
19B4
1985
1986
1987

E * * MY *
33.9 1969
34.4 197O
34.9 1971
35.3 1972
34.9 1973
34.6 1974
34.2 1975
33. B 1976
33.3 1977
33.4 1978
32.4 1979
23.8 198O
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18.8 1983
18.1 1984
19.1 1965
17.5 1966
17.6 19B7
17.2 1966

E** MY*
34.7 197O
35 2 1971
35.6 1972
35.3 1973
34 9 1974
34.6 1975
34.2 1976
33.8 1977
33.9 1976
32.9 1979
23.6 198O
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18.8 1983
18.1 1984
19.1 1965
17.5 1966
17.6 1967
17.2 19BB
16.8 1969

E * * MY *
35.4 1971
35.8 1972
35.6 1973
35.3 1974
34.9 1975
34.6 1976
34.2 1977
34.3 1978
33.4 1979
23.8 19BO
21.5 1961
21.5 1962
18.8 1983
18.1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 198B
16. B 1989
16.8 199O
January
E** MY*
36.1 1972
35.8 1973
35.6 1974
35.2 1975
34 9 1976
34.6 1977
34.7 1976
33.8 1979
23.8 19BO
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18.6 1983
16.1 1984
19.1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1986
16.8 1969
16.8 199O
9.8 1991
E** MV*
36 1 1973
35 8 1974
35 5 1975
35.2 1976
34.9 1977
35.1 197B
34.2 1979
23.8 198O
21.5 1981
21 5 1982
IB. 8 1983
IB. 1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1966
17.6 1967
17.2 1966
16.8 1969
16.8 199O
9.8 1991
8 O 1992
E** MV
36. 1 1974
35.8 1975
35.5 1976
35.2 (977
35 5 1978
34 6 1979
23.8 198O
21.5 19B1
21.5 1982
18 B 1983
IB. 1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 19BB
16.8 1989
16 8 199O
9.B 1991
SO 1992
8 O 1993
E" MV*
36 1 1975
35 8 1976
35.5 1977
35 8 1978
35 0 1979
23 8 19BO
21 5 19B1
21.5 1982
18 8 1983
18.1 1984
19 1 1985
17.5 (986
17 6 1987
17 2 1986
16 8 1989
16.8 1990
98 1991
SO 1992
8 O 1993
BO 1994
E* * MV *
36 1 1976
35 B 1977
36 1 1978
35 3 1979
23 B 198O
215 1981
21.5 1982
18. 8 1983
18 t 1964
191 1985
17 5 1986
17 6 1987
17 2 1988
16.8 19B9
16.8 199O
9.8 1 99 1
SO 1992
B.O 1993
BO 1994
8.O 1995
E»* MY*
36 1 1977
36 3 1978
35 6 1979
23 8 198O
215 1981
215 1982
18 8 1983
IB t (984
19 1 19B5
17 5 1986
17 6 1987
17.2 1988
16 8 1989
16 8 199O
98 1991
80 1992
60 1993
BO 1994
80 1995
8 O 1996
E*»
36 6
35 9
23 B
21 5
215
IB 8
IS 1
19 1
17 b
17 6
17 2
16 8
16 8
98
80
80
BO
8 0
8 0
B.O
t of Calendar Year
1999 20OO 20O3 2005 2OO8 20 10 20 1 2 2O 15 2O18 2O2O
MY*
198O
1981
1982
1963
1984
1965
1966
1987
1966
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
E** MY*
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18.6 1983
18.1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1988
16.6 1989
16.6 1990
9.8 1991
8.O 1992
8.O 1993
B.O 1994
8.0 1995
B.O 1996
B.O 1997
B.O 1998
B.O 1999
B.O 20OO
E** MY*
21.5 1984
IB. 8 1985
18.1 1986
19.1 1987
17.5 1988
17.6 1969
17.2 199O
16.8 1991
16.8 1992
9.8 1993
60 1994
B.O 1995
B.O 1996
BO 1997
B.O 1998
B.O 1999
B.O 2OOO
B.O 2OO1
B.O 2002
B.O 2OO3
E * * MY *
19.1 1986
17.5 1987
17.6 1988
17.2 1989
16. B 199O
16. B 1991
9.6 1992
8.O 1993
8.O 1994
8.O 1995
8.O 1996
8.O 1997
8.O 199B
8.O 1999
8.O 20OO
a.o 2001
8.0 2002
8.O 2OO3
8.O 2O04
a.o 2005
E** MY*
17.6 1989
17.2 199O
16.8 1991
16.8 1992
9.8 1993
8.O 1994
8.O 1995
SO 1996
8.O 1997
8.O 1996
8.0 1999
a.o 2000
a.o 2001
a.o 2002
a.O 2O03
a . o 2004
a.o 2005
a.O 2006
8 O 20O7
6.O 2008
E** MY*
16.8 1991
9.8 1992
8.O 1993
8.O 1994
8.O 1995
8.O 1996
8.O 1997
8.O 1998
8.O 1999
6.O 2OOO
a o 2001
8.0 2OO2
8.0 2003
6 O 2OO4
8.O 2OO5
8 O 2OO6
a o 2007
B.O 20O8
SO 2009
8.O 2O1O
E** MY*
60 1993
8 O 1994
8 O 1995
SO 1 996
BO 1997
BO 1998
8 O 1999
BO 2000
BO 20O1
BO 20O2
BO 2O03
BO 2004
BO 2005
B O 2OO6
BO 2007
B O 2OO8
80 2OO9
80 2010
B.O 2O1 1
B.O 2O 12
C«* MV*
B.O 1996
8 O 1997
80 1998
BO 1999
80 2000
fl.O 2OO1
BO 2OO2
BO 2O03
80 2004
B . O 2OO5
BO 2006
80 20O7
8.0 2OOB
BO 2OO9
B 0 2O1O
a o 20 M
80 2012
a o 20 t 3
80 2014
80 2015
E** MY*
BO 1999
8 O 2000
8 O 200 1
BO 20O2
8 O 2OO3
8 . O 2O04
SO 2OO5
80 2006
8.O 2O07
8 . O 2OO8
SO 2009
8 O 2O tO
BO 2O 1 1
BO 2O 12
BO 2O 13
BO 2O 14
8 O 2O1G
B O 2O 16
BO 2O 17
a o 20 1 a
E * * MY *
SO 2OO1
8 0 20O2
BO 20O3
B O 2OO4
B O 2OO5
8 O 2OO6
B O 2OO7
8 O 2OOB
80 2OO9
BO 2O1O
80 2O1 1
BO 2O 12
BO 2O 13
8 O 2O 11
B 0 2015
SO 2O 16
80 2017
B 0 2018
8 O 2O 19
80 2O2O
E**
80
B 0
a o
BO
a o
60
a o
80
a o
B O
B O
8 0
80
B O
B 0
8 O
8 0
8 .0
8 O
8.0
•MY -- indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY" on January 1  of  the given calendar  year.   Ihese
       emission levels are calculated For the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP-75 Degrees F.   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table  1.7.4.

-------
                                    H-138

                               TABLE  1.8.1

                   NONTAMPERED  EXHAUST EMISSION  RATES  FOR
                               LOW  ALTITUDE
                                 MOTORCYCLES

                           *  BER  - ZML + (DR  * M)

Pol
HC





CO



NOx


Model
Years
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980-1981
1982-1981*
1985-1987
1988+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980-1981
1982+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
8.780
2. WO
1-930
1.650
1.310
1.200
33-420
2l». 390
17-510
17. wo
0.250
0.680
0.850
Deterioration
Rate
0.750
1.440
1,150
0-950
0.750
0.700
3.220
3.560
2.530
2.1*60
0.030
0.0
0.0
12,000 Mile
Emission Level
9.680
14.128
3-310
2.790
2.210
2.040
37.284
28.662
20.5^6
20.352
0.286
0.680
0.850
2U. 000 Mile
Emission Level
10.580
5.856
4.690
3-930
3.110
2.880
41.148
32.934
23-582
23-304
0.322
0.680
0.850
* WHERE :    BER - Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates in grams/mile,
            ZML - Zero mile level in grams/mile,
            DR  - Deterioration rate in grams/mile/1OK miles,
            M   » Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                  H-139
                              TABLE 1.8.2

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                MOTORCYCLES
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1978        0.31        4.01        6.53        6.14       12.02
1978-1979        0.0         9-01        8.79        13-79       16.17
1980-1981        0.0         g.64        9-13        1^.75       16-80
1982-1984        0.0         g.95        9-24        15-22       17.00
  1985-1-          o.o         9.90        9-35        15.15       17.20

* Hot Soak emissions » 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions * 60 to 84F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

Based on averages of  1.35 trips per day and 10.02 miles per day.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
Crankcase
(Gm/Mi le)
— - RVP =-
Hot Soak
(Cm/Teat)
9.0 psi --
Diurnal
(Cm/Test)
— RVP «
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
11.5 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)

-------
                       H-UO

                   TABLE 1.8.3

    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                    MOTORCYCLES

               * IER - ZML +  (OR * M)
Model
Years
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
117-00
kk.kO
35- kO
259.80
175-20
1UO.W
0.60
1.80
2.1*0
Deter iorat ion
Rate
25-20
21.60
22.80
13-80
30.00
15.60
0.0
0.0
0.0
 Pol

  HC



  CO



  NOx
* WHERE :    IER - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML - Zero mile level in grams/hour
            OR  - Deterioration rate in grams/hour/10K miles,
            M   * Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
0.144
0.168
0.135
0.109
0.088
4786.
4475-
4164.
3853-
3543-
0.048
0.168
0.135
0.109
0.088
0.
4786.
4475.
4164.
3853.
0.
2393-
7023.
11343.
15351.
                                 H-141
                             TABLE  1.8.4

                         REGISTRATION  MIX  AND
                    MILEAGE  ACCUMULATION RATES  FOR
                             LOW ALTITUDE
                              MOTORCYCLES

                                                  Jan 1
 Model      July  1        Mileage       Jan  1       Mileage       Jan 1
 Year    Registration Accumulation Registration  Accumulation   Mileage
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***    Accumulation
                    (per vehicle*)	(fleet)	(fleet)
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6          0.070        3232.         0.070        3543.
  7          0.056        2921.         0.056        3232.        221*37-
  8          0.045        2611.         0.01.5        2921.        25513.
  9          0.036        2300.         0.036        2611.        28279-
 10          0.029        1989.         0.029        2300.        30735.

 11          0.023        1678.         0.023        1989.        32879-
 12          0.097        1368.         0.097        1678.        34713.
 13          o.O             0.         0.0          1368.        36236.
 14          0.0             0.         0.0             0.        36920.
 15          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.

 16          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 17          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 18          0.0             0.         0.0             0.        36920.
 19          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 20+        0.0             0.         0.0             0.        36920.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l) • 0 and,
            JMAR(MYI) » MAR(MYI-l), MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                       H-142

                                   TABLE 1.8.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   LOW ALTITUDE
                                    MOTORCYCLES
                                 JANUARY 1,  1988
                                                                                 i

                                                                              •
Model
(A) (B)
MC Fleet Sales
(C=A*B/OAF) (D) (C*D/TFNORM)
MC Annual Mileage Travel
Years Registration Fraction (A*B) Registration
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
I960
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
197^
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.01*8 1.000
0.168 1.000
0.135
.000
0.109 i.ooo
0.088 1.000
0.070 1.000
0.056 i.ooo
0.045
0.036
0.029
0.023
0.097
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
0.048
0.168
0.135
0.109
0.088
0.070
0.056
0.01*5
0.036
0.029
0.023
0.097
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.196
0.158
0.127
0.103
0.082
0.065
0.053
0.01.2
0.031*
0.027
0.113
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Accrual Rate
0.
W.
M»75.
4164.
3853-
351*3.
3232.
2921.
2611.
2300.
1989.
1678.
1368.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
(C*D) Fractions
0.0
939-3
705.8
530.2
396.1
289-7
211.4
153-6
109.8
77-9
53.1*
190.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.257
0.193
O.U5
0.108
0.079
0.058
0.042
0.030
0.021
0.015
0.052
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
WHERE :

  A
  B
  0
                       OAF: 0.904
                                             TFNORM:   3657-
• January 1 registration mix from Table 1.8.4,
• Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
« Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 1.8.4.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                           TABLE 1.8.6

                      SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                            MOTORCYCLES

                                 * SCF(s.sadJ) * SF(s)/SF(sadJ)

                    SF(s) » EXP(A * B*S + C*3**2* D*S**3+ E*s**4+ F*s**5). HC & CO
                          * A + B*S + C*S**2+ 0*B**3+ E*B**4 * F*s**5, NOx
 Pollutant
    and
Model Years
     HC
   Pre-1978
  1976-1979
    1980+

     CO
   Pre-1978
  1978-1979
    198O+

     NOx
   Pre-1978
    1978+

  * WHERE  :
0.231026E+01 -O.289572E+OO
0.24O873E+O1 -O 3O8187E+OO
O.226223E+O1 -O.287778E+OO
O.233989E+O1 -O 296978E+OO
O.277804E+O1 -O.319130E+OO
O 27O743E+01 -O.331O38E+OO
O.16B63SE+O1 -O.1183O3E+OO
O.128I69E+O1 -O.BO4874E-O1
O.152990E-O1 -O.4466B9E-O3
O.I68168E-O1 -O.5O6B43E-O3
O.1S682OE-O1 -O.473179E-O3
O.I60071E-O1 -O.477396E-03
O.153183E-O1 -O.422327E-O3
O. 176179E-O1 -O.S38583E-O3
O.654975E-O2 -O.137139E-OS
O.S35735E-O2 -O.t18891E-O3
O.648183E-O5 -O.363456E-07
O 753855E-O5 -O.431596E-O7
O.7O7954E-05 -O.4084566-O7
O.7O6752E-O5 -O.4O3978E-07
0.5B4948E-O5 -O.314969E-O7
O.8t74O2E-O5 -O.477803E-O7
O.1OO849E-O5
O 9O1060E-O6
O,O
O.O
 9    • average speed (i*ph>.
 aadj • basic teat procedure speed; adjusted for fraction of cold start operation x
        and fraction of hot start operation w. [t/sad) - (w+x)/26 + (l-w-x)/l6j.
  DATE  : HAV  19.  1989

-------
                              H-144

                          TABLE 1.8.74

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                            MOTORCYCLES

               • TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)"(T - 75.0) ]

Pol   Moael  Years  Test Segment 1  Test Segment 2  Test Segment 3
HC
CO
NOx
 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980+

 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980+

 Pre-1978
  1978+
-0.20623E-01
-0.244S2E-01
-0.21255E-01

-0.13487E-01
-0.21126E-01
-0.20843E-01

-0.16897E-03
-0.25074E-03
-0.24032E-02
-0.32017E-02
-0.52755E-03

 0.15784E-02
-0.15289E-02
-O.S9951E-02

-0.89245E-02
-O.S9791E-02
-0.10081E-02
-0.86884E-03
 0.93659E-03

 0.11097E-02
 0,15749E-02
 0.182S3E-02

-0.72580E-02
-O.S2690E-02
• WHERE
    TCF(B) » Low temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ampient temperature (< 75F), ana moael year, for test segment D,
    T      • AmDient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(D)  * Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, ana model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The low temperature correction factpr  is used in conjunction with
       the correction factor given in Table 1.8.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                      H-145

                                  TABLE  1.8.78

             HIGH  (>  75F)  TEMPERATURE  CORRECTION FACTOR  COEFFICIENTS
                                FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                                    MOTORCYCLES

                        •  TCF(D)  = EXP [  TC(b)-(T -  75.0)  ]
Pol
HC


CO


NOx

Meael Vears
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980*
Pre-1978
1978-1979
198O*
Pre-1978
1978*
Test Segment 1
-0. 143B1E-01
-0.12552E-01
-0. 10888E-01
-0. 14691E-01
-0.38767E-01
-0.2116SE-01
0.38841E-02
-0. 10389E-02
Tast Seament 2
0.13219E-02
0.426G7E-02
-0.47925E-03
0.37462E-02
0.8468SE-02
0.23603E-01
-0.87325E-02
-0.92466E-02
Test Seaman t 3
0.34799E-02
0.75843E-02
0.766SSE-02
0. 11O14E-01
0.25179E-01
0.28483E-01
-0. 10839E-01
-0.10108E-01
• WHERE ;

    TCF(b) « High temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             amoient temperature,  ana model year,  for test segment b.
    T      « Ampient temperature (Fahrenheit).
    TC(b)   • High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, temperature, ana model  year, for teat segment  b.

NOTE :  The temperature correction factor is used in conjunction with
       the correction factor given  in Table 1.8.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-146
  Pol
Moael
Years,
                TABLE 1.8.7C

NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                MOTORCYCLES

                  Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 1 Test Segment 2 Test Segment 3
                  B2    __ 02     B3_    D3_
 Total  Test
_§°_    °0
  HC   Pre-1978
      1978-1979
        1980+

  CO   Pre-1978
      1978-1979
        1980+

  NOx  Pre-1978
        1978+
        1.2823 0.1059 0.9726 0.0774 0.8393 0.0843 1.00OO 0.0854
         .2818 0.7474 0,9728 0.5470 0.8392 0.5929 1.0000 0.6012
         .2829 0.7427 0.9713 0.5454 0.8414 0.5869 1.OOOO 0.5973

         .2772 0.1523 1.0172 0.0877 0.7580 0.0712 1.0OOO 0.0964
         .2774 0.2308 1.0171 0.1324 0,7580 0.1078 1.00OO 0.14S9
         .2776 0.2284 1.0171 0.1314 0.7579 0.1068 1.OOOO 0.1445

        1.1112 0.1984 0.7937 0.1191 1.3097 0.1191 1.OOOO 0.1191
        1.1118 0.0    0.7899 0,0    1.31S6 0,0    1.OOOO 0.0
NOTE :  The fractions given  in this table are used  in the calculation of the
       operating-moae/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)

            M
           [(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMSJ/OENOM],
              W   -TCF(1)»(81*D1«M),
           (1-W-X)-TCF(2)-(B2+D2-M),
              X   •TCF(3)«(BS+DS*M).
           80 + DO*M.
           Fraction of VMT in the cola start mod*,
           Fraction of VMT in tne  hot start mode.
           Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
           year, for test segment D.
           Cumulative mileage / 10.000 miles.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
              H-lif?

          TABLE 1.8.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR LOW ALTITUDE
            MOTORCYCLES
  Model              Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1978               0.530
1978-1979               0.270
  1980+                 0.240
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-148
                                                          TABLE  1.8.11A
                                                                                           DATE  :  MAY 19.  1989
                                         6V MODEL  VEAR  EMISSION  LEVELS  FOR  LOW  ALTITUDE
                                                           MOTORCVCLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE  HC
January t of Ca 1 endar Year
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
I9B1
1982
1983
1984
1985

E** MY*
12.7 1967
12.7 1968
(2.7 1969
t2.7 197O
12.7 1971
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.6 1974
12. 5 1975
12.4 1976
12.2 1977
12. O 1978
7.4 1979
7.O 198O
S.6 (961
51 1982
4 . 2 1983
3.8 1984
3.3 1985
2.8 1986

E** MY*
12.7 1968
12.7 1969
12.7 197O
12.7 1971
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
12.6 1975
12.5 1976
12.4 1977
12.2 1978
7.8 1979
7.4 198O
5.9 1981
5.6 1982
4.6 1983
4.2 1984
3.8 1985
3 O 1986
2.8 1987

E** MY*
12.7 1969
12.7 197O
12.7 1971
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
12.7 1975
12.6 1976
12.5 1977
12.4 1978
8.2 1979
7.8 198O
6.3 1981
5.9 1982
4.9 1983
4.6 1984
4.2 1985
3.3 1986
3.O 1987
2.8 1986

E * * MY *
12.7 197O
12 7 1971
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
(27 1975
12.7 1976
12.6 1977
12.5 1978
8.5 1979
8.2 198O
6.6 1981
6.3 1982
5.3 1983
4.9 1984
4.6 1985
3.6 1986
3.3 (987
3.O 1988
2.7 1989

E** MY*
12.7 1971
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
12.7 1975
12.7 1976
12.7 1977
12.6 1978
8.8 1979
8.5 1980
6.9 1981
6.6 1982
5.5 1983
53 1984
4.9 1985
3.9 1986
3.6 1987
3.3 1988
2.8 1989
2.7 199O
January
E * * MV *
12.7 1972
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
12.7 1975
12.7 1976
12.7 1977
12.7 1978
9.O 1979
88 198O
7.1 1981
6.9 1982
5.8 1983
5.5 1984
5.3 1985
42 1986
39 1987
3.6 1988
3.2 1989
2.8 199O
2.7 1991
C * * MY *
12.7 1973
12.7 1974
12.7 1975
12.7 1976
12.7 1977
12.7 1978
9. 1 1979
9.O 198O
7.4 1981
7 . 1 1982
6.O 1983
5.8 1984
5.5 1985
4.5 1986
4.2 1987
3.9 1988
3.5 1989
3.2 199O
2.8 1991
2.7 1992
E** MY*
12.7 1974
12 7 1975
12.7 1976
12.7 1977
12.7 1978
9 1 1979
9 1 1980
7 5 198 1
7.4 1982
62 1983
6 O 1984
5.8 1985
4 . 7 1986
4.5 1987
4.2 1988
3 . 7 1989
3.S 199O
3.2 1991
28 1992
2 . 7 1993
E** MY*
12 7 1975
12 7 1976
12.7 1977
12 7 1978
9. 1 1979
9 1 I98O
7.6 19B1
75 1982
6.4 1983
62 1984
6 O 1985
49 1986
47 1987
45 1988
4 O 1989
3.7 1990
35 1 99 1
3 2 1992
28 1993
27 1994
E** MV
12 7 1976
12.7 1977
12.7 1978
9 1 1979
9 1 198O
76 1981
7.6 1982
66 1983
6.4 1984
6.2 1985
5 1 1986
49 1987
4.7 1988
42 1989
4.O 199O
37 1991
35 1992
32 1993
28 1994
27 1995
E»* MY*
12.7 1977
12 7 1978
9.1 1979
9 . 1 198O
7.6 1981
76 1982
66 1983
66 1984
6.4 1985
53 1986
5. 1 1987
49 1988
45 1989
4 2 199O
4 O 1991
37 1992
35 1993
32 1994
28 1995
27 1996
E**
12 7
9 1
9. 1
7 6
7 6
6 6
66
66
5 4
S3
5 1
4 7
4 5
4 .2
4 O
3 7
35
32
28
2.7
1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2OO3 2OO5 20OB 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
I98O
1981
1982
.1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E** MY*
9.1 1979
9 . 1 198O
7.6 1981
7.6 1982
6.6 1983
6.6 1984
6.6 198S
5.5 1986
5.4 1987
5.3 1988
4.8 (989
4 . 7 199O
4.5 1991
4.2 1992
4 O 1993
3.7 1994
3.5 1995
3.2 1996
28 1997
2.7 1998
e** MY*
9. 1 198O
7.6 1981
7.6 1982
6.6 1983
6.6 1984
6.6 1985
S.6 1986
5.5 1987
5.4 1988
5.O 1989
.8 1990
.7 1991
.5 1992
.2 1993
.0 1994
3.7 1995
3.5 1996
3.2 1997
2.8 1998
2.7 1999
-- Indicates the model
E** MY*
7.6 1981
7.6 1982
6.6 1983
6.6 1984
6.6 1985
5.6 1986
5.6 1987
5.5 1988
5. 1 1989
5.O (99O
4.8 1991
4.7 1992
4.5 1993
4.2 1994
4.O 1995
3.7 1996
3.5 1997
3.2 1998
2.8 1999
2.7 2OOO
year .
-- Indicates the average grams/ml
E** MY*
7.6 1984
6.6 1985
6.6 1986
6.6 1987
5.6 1988
5.6 1989
5.6 199O
5.2 1991
5.1 1992
5.O 1993
4.8 1994
4.7 1995
4.5 1996
4.2 1997
4 O 1998
3.7 1999
35 2OOO
3.2 2OO1
2.8 2OO2
2.7 2003

le emlss Ion
E** MY*
6.6 1986
5.6 1987
5.6 1988
5.6 1989
5.3 199O
5.3 1991
5.3 1992
5.2 1993
5. 1 1994
5.O 1995
.8 1996
.7 1997
.5 1998
. 2 1999
0 2000
3.7 2OO1
35 20O2
3.2 2OO3
2.8 2OO4
2.7 2OO5

level for
E** MY*
5.6 1989
5.6 199O
5.3 1991
5.3 1992
5.3 1993
5.3 1994
5.3 1995
5.2 1996
5. 1 1997
5.O 1998
4.8 1999
4.7 200O
4.5 20O1
4 . 2 .2002
4.O 20O3
3.7 2OO4
35 2OO5
32 20O6
2.8 2OO7
2.7 20O8

model year
E** MY*
5.3 1991
5.3 1992
5.3 1993
5.3 1994
5.3 1995
5.3 1996
5.3 1997
5.2 1998
5.1 1999
5.0 2000
8 2OO1
.7 2002
.5 20O3
.2 2004
.O 2OO5
37 2006
35 20O7
3.2 2OO8
2 . 8 2OO9
2.7 2O1O

E** MY*
5.3 1993
5.3 1994
5.3 1995
5.3 1996
5.3 1997
5.3 1998
5.3 1999
5.2 2000
5 1 2O01
5.O 20O2
4.8 2003
47 2004
4 . 5 2005
4.2 2006
4 O 2OO7
37 2OOB
3 5 2OO9
3.2 2O10
28 2O 1 1
2.7 2012

"MY" on January 1 of
E** MY*
53 1996
53 1997
5.3 1998
53 1999
5 3 2OOO
53 2001
5 . 3 2002
52 2003
5 1 2004
5 O 2OO5
4 8 2OO6
47 2007
4 5 2OO8
42 2009
4 O 2O tO
37 2O 1 1
3 5 2012
32 2O 1 3
28 2014
2.7 2015

the given ca
E»* MY*
5.3 1999
5.3 200O
5 3 2OO 1
5.3 2002
5 . 3 2OO3
53 2004
5 . 3 20O5
52 2006
5 1 2OO7
5.0 2OOB
4 8 2OO9
47 2010
45 2O 1 1
42 2O 1 2
4.O 2O 13
37 2O 14
3.5 2O15
32 2O 1 6
28 2O17
2 7 2018

1 endar year
E** MY*
5.3 2001
5 . 3 2OO2
5 3 2OO3
5.3 2004
5 3 2OO5
5.3 2006
5 . 3 2O07
5.2 2008
5 1 2OO9
5 O 2010
48 2O 11
47 2O 12
45 2O 1 3
4 2 2014
4 O 2O 1 5
3 7 2016
35 2O17
3 2 2O18
28 2O19
2 . 7 2O2O

1 Mese
E»*
5. 3
5 3
5.3
5 3
53
53
53
52
5 1
5.0
4 a
4 . 7
45
4 2
4 O
37
3.5
32
2 8
2 7


       emission levels  are  calculated for  the basic  test conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP=75 Degrees  F. 2O €% of VMT  traveled
       In cold start. 52.1% of  VMT  In stabilized,  and 27 3% of VMT  In hot start. 60  TO 84F  diurnal. 75F for hot soak
       9.O psl fuel  RVP,  54.57% average  In-use  fuel  tank level.   Emissions  are  based on  January 1 mileage
       accumulation  f igures given In Table 1.8.4.

-------
H-f
                                                         TABLE
                                         BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                           MOTORCYCLES
                                                               CO
                                                                                          DATE  : MAY  19.  1989
January t of Ca 1 endar Year
1965 1986 (987 1988 t989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1970
1979
198O
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
E** MY*
45.3 1967
45.3 1968
45.3 1969
45.3 197O
45.3 1971
45.3 1972
45.3 1973
45.1 1974
44.6 1975
44. O 1976
43.3 1977
42.5 1978
33.5 1979
32.4 198O
22.3 1981
21.4 1982
20.2 1983
19.1 1984
18. O 1985
17.4 1986
E** MY*
45.3 1968
45.3 1969
45.3 197O
45.3 1971
45.3 1972
45.3 1973
45.3 1974
45.1 1975
44.6 1976
44. O 1977
43.3 1978
34.5 1979
33.5 198O
23.2 1981
22.3 1982
21.2 1983
20.2 1984
19.1 1985
18. O 1986
17.4 1987
E** MY*
45.3 1969
45.3 1970
45.3 1971
49.3 1972
45.3 1973
45.3 1974
45.3 1975
45.1 1976
44.6 1977
44. O 1978
35.3 1979
34.5 198O
24. O 1981
23.2 1982
22.1 1983
21.2 1984
2O. 2 1985
19.1 1986
18. O 1987
17.4 1988
E** MY*
45.3 197O
45.3 1971
45.3 1972
45.3 1973
45.3 1974
45.3 1975
45.3 1976
45.1 1977
44.6 1978
36.1 1979
35.3 1980
24.7 1981
24.0 1982
22.9 1983
22.1 1984
21.2 1985
2O. 2 1986
19.1 1987
18. O 1988
17.4 1989
E** MV* E** MY*
45.3 1971 45.3 1972
45.3 1972 45.3 1973
45.3 1973 45.3 1974
45.3 1974 45.3 1975
45.3 1975 45.3 1976
45.3 1976 45.3 1977
45.3 1977 45.3 1978
45. 1 197B 37.3 1979
36.8 1979 36. B 198O
36.1 198O 25.8 1981
25.3 1981 25.3 1982
24.7 1982 24.4 1983
23.7 1983 23.7 1984
22.9 1984 22.9 1985
22.1 1985 22.1 1986
21.2 1986 21.2 1987
20. 2 1987 20.2 1988
19.1 1988 19.1 1989
18. O 1989 IB O 199O
17.4 199O 17.4 1991
E * * MY *
45.3 1973
45.3 1974
45.3 1975
45.3 1976
45.3 1977
45.3 1978
37.5 1979
37.3 198O
26.3 1981
25.8 1982
25. O 1983
24.4 1984
23.7 1985
22.9 1986
22.1 1987
21.2 1988
20.2 1989
19.1 1990
16 O 1991
17.4 1992
E** MY*
45.3 1974
45.3 1975
45.3 1976
45.3 1977
45.3 1978
37.5 1979
37.5 1980
26.7 19B1
26.3 1982
25.5 1983
25. O 1984
24.4 1985
23.7 1986
22.9 1987
22 t 1988
21.2 1989
2O. 2 199O
19 1 1991
16 0 1992
17.4 1993
E" MY*
45.3 1975
45 3 I97S
45 3 1977
45 3 1978
37 5 1979
37.5 1980
26.9 1981
26.7 1982
25. 9 1983
25.5 1984
25. O 1985
24 4 1986
23.7 1987
22 9 1988
22. 1 1989
21.2 1990
20.2 1991
19. 1 1992
18 O 1993
17.4 1 994
E«* MY*
45.3 1976
45.3 1977
45 3 1978
37.5 1979
37.5 198O
26.9 1981
26.9 1982
26.3 1983
25.9 1984
25.5 1985
25. O 1986
24.4 1987
23.7 1988
22 9 1989
22.1 199O
21.2 1991
20.2 1992
19. 1 1993
18. O 1994
17.4 1995
E** MY*
45.3 1977
45 3 1978
37.5 1979
37.5 198O
26.9 1981
26.9 1982
26 5 1983
26.3 1984
25 9 1985
25. S 1986
25. O 1987
24 4 1988
23 7 1989
22 9 1990
22. 1 1991
21.2 1992
2O 2 1993
19. 1 1994
18 O 1995
17.4 1996
E»*
45 3
37 5
37 5
26 9
26.9
26.5
26.5
26.3
25.9
25.5
25 O
24 .4
23.7
22 9
22. 1
212
2O. 2
19. t
1B.O
17.4
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 20OO 20O3 2O05 20O8 2O1O 2O12 2015 2O18 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MY
**E
E** MY*
37.5 1979
37.5 198O
26.9 1981
26.9 1982
26. 5 1983
26.5 1984
26.5 1985
26.3 1986
25.9 1987
25.5 1988
25. O 1989
24.4 199O
23.7 1991
22 9 1992
22 . 1 1993
21.2 1994
2O. 2 1995
19.1 1996
18. O 1997
17.4 1998
E** MY* _
37.5 1980
26.9 1981
26.9 1982
26.5 1983
26.5 1984
26.5 1985
26.5 1986
26.3 1987
25.9 1988
25.5 19B9
25. O 199O
24.4 1991
23.7 1992
22.9 1993
22 . 1 1994
21.2 1995
2O. 2 1996
19.1 1997
18. O 1998
17.4 1999
-- Indicates the model
£** MY*
26.9 1981
26.9 1982
26.5 1983
26.5 19B4
26.5 1985
26.5 1986
26.6 1987
26.3 1988
25.9 1989
25. S 199O
25. O 1991
24.4 1992
23.7 1993
22.9 1994
22 . 1 1995
21.2 1996
2O. 2 1997
19 . 1 1998
1B.O 1999
17.4 200O
year .
-- Indicates the average grams/m
E** MY*
26.9 1984
26.5 1985
26.5 1986
26.5 1987
26.5 1988
26.5 1989
26.5 199O
26.3 1991
25.9 1992
25.5 1993
25. O 1994
24.4 1995
23.7 1996
22.9 1997
22 . 1 1998
21.2 1999
20.2 2000
19.1 2O01
18. O 2OO2
17.4 2O03

E** MY* E** MY*
26.5 1986 26.5 1989
26.5 1987 26.5 199O
26.5 1988 26.5 1991
26.5 1989 26.5 1992
26.5 199O 26 5 1993
26.5 1991 26 5 1994
26.5 1992 26.5 1995
26.3 1993 26.3 1996
25.9 1994 25.9 1997
25.5 1995 25.5 1998
25. O 1996 25. O 1999
24.4 1997 24.4 2OOO
23.7 1998 23.7 2O01
22.9 1999 22.9 2O02
22.1 2000 22.1 2O03
21.2 2O01 21.2 2O04
20.2 2002 20.2 2O05
19. 1 2O03 19. 1 2O06
18. O 2OO4 18. O 20O7
17.4 2005 17.4 2O08

tie emission level for model year
E** MV*
26.5 1991
26.5 1992
26.5 1993
26.5 1994
26.5 1995
26.5 1996
26.5 1997
26.3 1998
25.9 1999
25.5 2OOO
25. O 2OO1
24.4 2002
23.7 2O03
22.9 2004
22 . 1 2OO5
21 2 2O06
2O. 2 2OO7
19 . 1 2O08
16 O 2O09
17.4 2010

E** MY*
26.5 1993
26.5 1994
26.5 1 995
26.5 1996
26.5 1997
26 5 1998
26.5 1999
26.3 200O
25.9 2OO1
25.5 2O02
25. O 2OO3
24.4 2004
23.7 2OO5
22.9 2O06
22 . 1 2OO7
21.2 2O08
2O. 2 20O9
19. t 2O1O
18 O 2011
17.4 2OI2

"MY" on January t of
E** MY*
26 . S 1 996
26.5 1997
26.5 1998
26.5 1 999
26.5 200O
26.5 2001
26 . 5 2OO2
26.3 20O3
25.9 2OO4
25.5 2005
25. O 2006
24 . 4 2007
23 . 7 2OO8
22.9 2O09
22. 1 2O10
212 2O11
2O 2 2O 12
19. 1 2013
18 O 2O14
17.4 2015

E*« MV*
26 5 1999
26. S 2OOO
26.5 2001
26.5 2O02
26 5 2OO3
26 5 2004
26 . 5 2OO5
26 3 2OO6
25.9 2OO7
25.5 2OO8
25 0 2OO9
24.4 201O
23.7 2O11
22.9 2O12
22. t 2013
21 .2 2O14
2O. 2 2O 15
19. 1 2O16
ISO 2O 17
17.4 2O IB

the given calendar- year
E** MY*
26.5 2OO1
26 5 2OO2
26 . 5 2OO3
26 5 2O04
26 5 20O5
26 5 2006
26.5 2OO7
26 . 3 2OO8
25 9 2OO9
25 5 2O1O
25 0 2O 1 1
24 4 2O12
23 7 2OI3
22 9 20 14
22 t 2015
21 2 2O16
2O 2 2O 17
19. 1 2O18
18. O 2OI9
17.4 2O20

I hese
E**
26.5
26.5
26.5
26.5
26.5
26 5
26.5
26 3
25.9
25 5
25 0
24.4
23.7
22 9
22 . 1
212
20 2
19. 1
18. O
17 4


      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F, 2O 6% of UMI  traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3% of UMT  In hot start.   Emissions are based on
      the January  1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 1 8.4

-------
H-150
                                                         TABLE  1.8.tIC
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19.  1989
                                         8V MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR LOW ALTITUDE
                                                           MOTORCYCLES
                                                               NOx
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 1968 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
19B5
E** MY*
O. 1967
O. 196B
O. 1969
O. 197O
O. 1971
O. 1972
O. 1973
O 1974
O. 1975
O. 1976
O. 1977
O 3 1978
O.7 1979
O.7 198O
O.9 1981
O 9 1982
O.9 1983
O 9 19B4
O.9 1985
O.9 1986
E * * MY *
O.4 1968
O.4 1969
O. 197O
0. 1971
O. 1972
0. 1973
0. 1974
O. 1975
O.4 1976
O.4 1977
O.4 1978
O.7 1979
O.7 19BO
O.9 1981
O.9 1982
O 9 1983
O-9 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
£*• MY*
O.4 1969
O. 197O
0. 1971
0. 1972
O. 1973
O. 1974
O. 1975
O. 1976
O. 1977
O. 1978
0.7 1979
0.7 198O
O.9 1981
O.9 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 (966
O.9 19B7
O.9 1988
E** MY*
O. 197O
O. 1971
O. 1972
O. 1973
O. 1974
O. 1975
O. 1976
O. 1977
O. 1978
O.7 1979
0.7 1980
O.9 1981
O.9 1982
O.9 1983
0.9 (964
0.9 19B5
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 (969
E** MY* E** MY*
O.4 1971 O.4 1972
O.4 1972 O.4 1973
O. 1973 O.4 1974
O. 1974 O.4 1975
O. 1975 O.4 1976
O. 1976 O.4 1977
O. 1977 O 4 1978
O. 1978 O.7 1979
O.7 1979 0.7 19BO
O.7 1980 O.9 19B1
O.9 19B1 O-9 1982
O.9 19B2 O 9 1983
0.9 1983 0.9 1984
O.9 1984 O.9 1985
O.9 1985 O.9 19B6
O.9 19B6 O.9 1987
O.9 19B7 O.9 1988
O.9 1966 O.9 1989
O.9 1989 O.9 199O
O.9 1990 O.9 1991
e** MY*
0.4 1973
O.4 1974
O.4 1975
04 1976
O 4 1977
O.4 1978
O.7 1979
O.7 198O
O.9 1981
O.9 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 19B6
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 1989
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
E** MY*
O.4 1974
O.4 1975
O 4 1976
O 4 1977
O 4 1978
0.7 1979
O.7 198O
O 9 I98(
O.9 1982
O.9 1963
O 9 1984
O.9 1985
O 9 1986
O 9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 1989
0.9 1990
O.9 1991
O 9 1992
O.9 1993
E** MY*
04 (975
0.4 1976
O.4 1977
O 4 1976
07 1979
O 7 (980
0.9 1981
09 1982
O.9 1983
09 1964
O 9 1965
09 1986
O 9 1987
O.9 1988
09 1989
O 9 199O
O.9 1991
O 9 1992
O 9 1993
09 1994
E** MY*
O.4 1976
0.4 19/7
O.4 (978
O 7 1979
O 7 198O
O 9 1981
O 9 1982
O.9 (983
09 1984
O 9 1985
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.9 1966
09 1989
O.9 199O
0.9 (991
0.9 1992
09 1993
09 1994
O 9 1995
E** MY*
O 4 1977
O 4 1978
07 1979
O 7 198O
O 9 1981
O 9 1982
O 9 1983
O 9 1984
0.9 1985
O 9 1986
09 1987
0.9 1988
0.9 1989
O 9 199O
O 9 1991
09 1992
O 9 1993
O 9 1994
09 1995
O 9 1996
E**
0 4
07
O 7
09
09
O 9
09
09
O 9
OS
O 9
O.9
09
0.9
O.9
0.9
O 9
O 9
09
O 9
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 20OO 2OO3 20O5 2OO8 2O1O 2O12 2015 2O18 202O
MY*
1978
1979
1980
19B1
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*HV
**E
f.** MY*
O.7 1979
O.7 198O
O.9 (96 t
O.9 1982
0.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 1969
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
O 9 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
O.9 1995
O.9 1996
O.9 1997
O.9 1998
£** MY*
O.7 198O
O 9 1981
O.9 1962
O.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.9 198S
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
0.9 1988
O.9 1989
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
0.9 1995
O.9 1996
0.9 1997
O 9 199B
O.9 1999
-- Indicates the model
E** MY*
O.9 1981
O.9 1982
O.9 1983
0.9 (964
O.9 19B5
0.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 1989
O.9 199O
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
O.9 1995
O.9 1996
O.9 1997
O 9 199B
0.9 1999
O.9 20OO
year .
-- Indicates the average grams/ml
E** MY*
O.9 19B4
O.9 (965
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.9 1988
O.9 19B9
0.9 1990
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
O 9 1994
O.9 1995
O.9 1996
O 9 1997
O-9 1998
0.9 1999
O.9 2OOO
O 9 2001
O 9 2OO2
0.9 2OO3

le emission
E** MY* E** MY*
O.9 1986 O.9 1989
O.9 1987 O.9 199O
O.9 1988 0.9 1991
O.9 (969 O.9 1992
O.9 199O O.9 1993
O.9 1991 O.9 1994
O.9 1992 O.9 1995
O.9 1993 O.9 1996
O.9 1994 O.9 1997
0.9 1995 0.9 1998
O.9 1996 O.9 1999
0.9 1997 O 9 2OOO
O.9 1998 O 9 2O01
O.9 1999 O.9 2OO2
O.9 2OOO O.9 2OO3
O.9 20O1 O.9 2004
0.9 2OO2 O.9 20O5
0.9 2OO3 O.9 2OO6
O.9 2OO4 O.9 2OO7
O.9 2OO5 O.9 2OO6

1 eve 1 for mode 1 year
£** MY*
O.9 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
O.9 1995
O.9 1996
O 9 1997
O.9 1998
O 9 1999
O.9 2OOO
O 9 2OO1
O.9 20O2
O.9 2OO3
O 9 2O04
O.9 2OO5
O.9 2OO6
O 9 2OO7
O.9 2OO8
O.9 2009
O.9 2O1O

E** MY*
O 9 1993
O.9 1994
O.9 1995
O.9 1996
O 9 1997
O.9 1998
O.9 1999
O.9 2OOO
O 9 2001
O 9 2002
O 9 20O3
0.9 20O4
O.9 2OO5
O.9 20O6
O 9 2007
O.9 2OO8
0.9 2O09
O 9 2O10
O.9 2O 11
O.9 2O 12

"MY " on January 1 of
E** MY*
09 1996
09 1997
0.9 1998
0.9 1999
0.9 20OO
O 9 2001
O 9 2002
0.9 2OO3
09 2OO4
0.9 aoos
09 2006
09 2007
0.9 2008
0.9 2009
0.9 2010
0.9 201 1
09 2012
09 2O 13
0.9 2O 14
0.9 2O15

E** MY*
0.9 1999
O 9 2OOO
O.9 2OO1
O.9 2OO2
O.9 2003
O.9 2OO4
O 9 2O05
O 9 2OO6
O 9 2OO7
O 9 2OO8
O 9 2OO9
O 9 2O1O
O 9 2O 1 1
O 9 2012
0.9 2O13
O 9 2014
O 9 2O (5
O 9 2O16
09 2017
0.9 2O 18

the given calendar year
E*+ MY*
0 . 9 200 1
0 . 9 2OO2
09 2003
09 20O4
0.9 2005
09 2006
O 9 2OO7
O.9 2008
O 9 20O9
O 9 2O 1O
O 9 2O 1 1
O 9 2O 12
O 9 20 13
O 9 2O 14
O 9 2O 15
O 9 2016
0.9 2017
09 2O18
O 9 2019
O 9 2O2O

Ihese
E«*
09
O.9
O 9
O 9
O 9
0.9
O 9
09
09
09
09
O 9
O 9
O 9
O 9
09
0.9
O 9
09
09


      emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH, TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on
      the January  1 mileage accumulation figures given in Table 1.8.4.

-------
                                        H-151
                                    TABLE  2. 1 . 1A

                       NONTAMPERED EXHAUST  EMISSION  RATES  FOR
                                    HIGH ALTITUDE
                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  VEHICLES

                      BER - ZML * (DR1  • M).  for- M <  50K Miles.
                          - ZML * DR1-5.0  +  DR2-(M -  5.0),  for M  >  50K  Miles
Mooel zero Mile Det,
Pol vears Emission Level Rate 1
HC Pre-1968
1968-1965
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
CO Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1965
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1964
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
9.350
5,600
4.580
4.620
2.000
0.930
2.080
0.780
0.565
0.446
0.269
0.242
0.254
0.265
0.264
0.267
0.269
0.271
0.275
0.278
117.700
85.540
79.640
75.680
47.030
19.630
41.830
22.800
12.532
9.742
3.280
3. 162
3.217
3.264
3.242
3.251
3.259
3.267
3.284
3.298
1.960
2.910
1.920
1.700
1.370
0.970
0.820
0.505
0.627
0.784
0.789
0.789
0.789
0.791
0.791
0.791
0.791
0.791
0.791
0. 180
0.250
0.370
0. 160
0.280
0.280
0.280
0. 100
C.079
0.074
0.062
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.060
0.059
0.059
0.058
0.057
0.056
2.250
2.550
3. 130
2.35O
2.460
2.460
2.460
0.730
1 . 147
1.079
0.760
0.840
0.803
0.771
0.786
0.780
0.774
0.769
0.757
0.748
0.0
0.0
O.OSO
0.040
0. 11O
0.110
0.070
0.067
0.071
0.039
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
Det .
Rate 2
0. 180
0.250
0.370
0. 160
0.280
0.280
0.2BO
0. 100
0. 108
0. 101
O.O85
0.088
0.084
0.081
0.081
0.080
0,079
0.078
0.077
0.076
2.250
2.550
3. 130
2.350
2.460
2.460
2.460
0.730
1,765
1 .616
1.013
1.052
1 .014
0.982
0.983
0.973
0.967
0.9S1
0.949
0.939
0.0
0.0
O.OSO
0.040
0.110
0. 110
0.070
0.067
0.071
0.039
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
0.034
SO , 000 Mile
Emission Level
10.250
€.850
6.430
5.420
3.400
2.330
3.480
1 .280
0.960
0.81S
0.579
0.577
0.569
0.565
0.564
0.562
0.564
0.561
0.560
0.558
128.950
98 . 290
95 . 290
87.430
59 . 330
31.930
54. 130
26.450
18.267
15.137
7.080
7.362
7.232
7. 119
7.172
7.151
7.129
7.112
7.069
7.038
1.960
2.910
2. 170
1.900
1 . 920
1 .520
1 . 170
0.840
0.982
0.979
0.964
0.964
0.964
0.961
0.961
0.961
0.961
0.961
0.961
100. OOO Mi le
Emission Level
1 1 . 1 50
8. 100
8.280
6.220
4.800
3.730
4.880
1 .780
1 .500
1 .321
1 .004
1 .017
0.989
0.970
0.969
0.962
0.959
0.951
0.945
0.938
140.200
111. 040
1 10.940
99. 180
71.630
44 . 230
66 . 430
30. 100
27.092
23.217
12.145
1 2 . 622
12.302
12.029
12.087
12.016
1 1 . 964
11 .917
11 .814
11 .733
1 .960
2.910
2.420
2. 100
2.470
2.070
.520
. 175
.337
. 174
. 139
. 139
.139
. 131
. 131
.131
. 131
.131
. 131
  WHERE :    BER = Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates  m grams/mile.
            ZML * Zero mile level in grams/mile,
            DR1 « Deterioration rate for < 50K miles,  In grams/ml1e/1OK miles.
            OR2 > Deterioration rate for > SDK miles,  m grams/mi1«/1OK miles.
            M   * Cumulative mileage / 10.000 miles.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-152

                                   TABLE 2. 1 .1B

                            EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)
Mooel
Pol vears
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
197S
1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
CD Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973
1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984-1986
1987+
Emission

9
5
4
4
4
2
2
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
117
85
79
75
75
48
48
20
42
23
12
9
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
OK
.350
.600
.580
.620
.620
. 106
. 112
.042
. 199
.897
.577
.458
.280
.253
.265
.276
.275
.278
.280
.282
.286
.289
.700
.540
.640
.680
.680
.010
.071
.671
.933
.874
.597
.806
.342
.211
.266
.313
.291
.300
.308
.316
.333
.347
.960
.910
.982
.990
.895
.567
.167
.046
.508
.630
.787
.793
.795

g
6
5
5
S
2
2
1
3
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
123
91
87
81
81
55
55
28
50
27
15
12
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
1
2
2
2
2
' 1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
25K
.800
.228
.508
,025
.036
.984
.998
.928
.093
.335
.814
.682
.474
.456
.458
.460
.459
.459
.461
.461
.462
.463
.325
.976
.529
.683
.940
.885
.974
.574
.864
.377
.790
.820
.539
.570
.533
.475
.479
.473
.466
.461
.448
.440
.960
.910
. 143
.155
.108
.956
.556
.351
.702
.834
.912
.913
.912
50K
10.250
6.859
6.439
5.439
5.476
3.897
3.915
2.840
4.01 1
1.813
1 .070
0.924
0.684
0.675
0.667
0.659
0.656
0.654
0.656
0.653
0.652
0.650
128.950
98 . 498
95 . 507
87.866
88.738
64 . 450
64 . 477
36 . 957
59.244
3 1 . 656
19.278
16.112
7.986
8. 163
8.033
7.821
7.824
7.803
7.781
7.764
7.721
7.690
1 .960
2.910
2.304
2.320
2.321
2.345
1.945
1.657
0.909
1.052
1.051
1.048
1.044
Rate (Grams/Mile)

10
7
7
5
5
4
4
3
4
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
134
105
103
94
95
73
73
45
67
36
25
21
12
12
12
11
1 1
11
1 1
1 1
1 1
11
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
75K
.700
.491
. 371
.852
.915
.816
.839
.756
.935
.305
.475
.308
.020
.011
.993
.965
.956
.952
.951
.946
.942
.938
.575
.020
.485
.049
.536
. 127
.091
.414
.717
. 161
.568
.937
.121
.276
.051
.447
.297
.251
.214
. 182
. 1O9
.053
.960
.910
.465
.486
.533
.734
.334
.962
. 166
.320
.241
.242
.234

1 1
8
8
6
6
5
5
4
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
140
1 1 1
1 11
100
102
81
81
53
76
40
31
27
16
16
16
15
14
14
14
14
14
14
1
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
100K
. 150
. 122
.302
.265
.355
.738
.765
,673
.860
.802
.880
.691
.356
.347
.319
.272
.257
.250
.247
.239
.233
.226
.200
.542
.463
.231
.334
.831
.733
.889
.213
.721
.859
.761
.255
.390
.070
.074
.770
.699
.647
.600
.497
.416
.960
.910
.625
.651
.746
. 122
.722
.268
.423
.588
.431
.436
.423
125K
1 1 . 600
8.754
9.234
6.678
S.794
S.661
€.692
5.592
6.788
3.298
2.286
2.076
1.693
.684
.646
.579
.557
.548
.542
.532
1.523
1 .514
145.825
118.063
119.441
106.414
109.132
90.546
90.387
62.378
84.723
45.288
38.162
33 . 597
20 . 399
20.511
20.096
18.705
18.247
18. 151
18.084
18.022
17.889
17.783
1.960
2.910
2.786
2.816
2.959
3.511
3.111
2.573
1.680
1.855
1.622
1.630
1.613
150K
1 2 . 050
9.385
10. 165
7.091
7 .234
7 .584
7.619
6.511
7,715
3.795
2.695
2,463
2.033
2.023
1 .975
1 .887
1 .859
1 .847
1 .839
1.826
1 .815
1 .803
151.450
124.585
127.419
112.597
115.930
99.267
99.047
70.874
93.240
49 . 860
44 . 486
39.452
24.558
24.646
24. 136
22.346
21.731
21 .610
21 .528
21 .451
21.288
21. 157
1.960
2.910
2.947
2.982
3. 171
3.9OO
3. BOO
2.879
1.937
2. 123
1.812
1 .824
1.803
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                  H-153
                              TABLE 2.1.2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971
1972-1976
1977
1978-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+

Crankcase
(Gm/Mi le)
5.29
1.03
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
— RVP -
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
19-07
19.07
19-07
14.18
14.07
8.27
6.37
4.93
2-34
2.18
1.54
1.38
1.25
1.16
1.10
1.07
1.04
0.99
0-95
9.0 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
33-90
33-90
33-90
21.16
17-15
8.98
13-36
5.98
2.97
2.93
2.22
2.12
2.05
2.00
.95
• 93
• 91
.86
.84
	 RVP *
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
29.18
29.18
29.18
20.99
20.96
12.32
11.15
9-57
4.57
4.29
3.08
2.98
2.85
2.80
2.78
2-75
2.77
2.77
2.74
11.5 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
62.39
62.39
62.39
50.15
44.93
23-53
36.85
29.19
14.50
14.27
10.81
10.33
9-99
9-73
9.50
9-43
9-30
9.08
8.96
* Hot Soak emissions
  Diurnal emissions «
  No fuel weathering,

DATE :  HAY ig, 1989
•  82F  ambient temperature.
60  to 81»F  one hour heat build,
tested at  40$ tank level.

-------
                                   H-154

                               TABLE  2.1.2B

                        TAMPERING  OFFSETS  FOR  TOTAL
                  CRANKCASE  AND EVAPORATIVE  HC EMISSIONS*
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
                       AT VARIOUS  MILEAGE  INTERVALS
   Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0 to 84.OF,
   Fuel RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank
Model
Fuel RVP Years
9.0 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+
11.5 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+
Tampering Offset (Grams/Mile)**
OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2gK
0.0
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.0
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
50 K
0.0
0.01
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0,05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.0
0.01
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.13
0.12
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
75K
0.0
0.02
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.14
0.13
0.11
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.0
0.02
0.16
0.14
0.11*
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.22
0.21
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.11*
0.14
0.14
O.Ut
0.13
0.13
100K
0.0
0.03
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.11*
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.20
0.19
0.15
0.11*
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.0
0.03
0.22
0.19
0.19
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.21*
0.32
0.31
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.19
0.19
125K
0.0
o.o4
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.24
0.24
0.22
0.26
0.25
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.0
o.oi*
0.29
0.25
0.25
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.41
0.40
0.30
0.29
0.27
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.25
0.24
150K
0.0
0.05
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.29
0.29
0.27
0.32
0.31
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.0
0.05
0.36
0.31
0.31
0.36
0.37
0,37
0.38
0.51
0.49
0.37
0.35
0.34
0.33
0.32
0.31
0.31
0.30
0,30
level  of   40.0%.
** Based on averages of 4.21 trips per day and 25.35 miles per day.

 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                     H-155

                                TABLE 2.1.2C

                                 NONTAMPERED
                            RUNNING  LOSS EMISSIONS
                              FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Model
Years
Pre-1971
1971-1977
1978-1980
1981+
Fuel RVP
(PSi)
7-0
9-0
10. A
11.7
7.0
9-0
10.4
11.7
7.0
9.0
10.4
H.7
7-0
9-0
10. A
11.7
80. OF
0.36
0.58
1.06
2.88
0.30
0.49
0.85
2.15
0.24
0.39
0.68
1.72
0.15
0.24
0.42
1.16
Emission Rate
87. OF
0.52
1.50
2.70
3-85
0.49
1.15
2.04
2.85
0.42
1.20
1.70
2.30
0.20
0.40
0.97
1.60
(Grams/Mi le)
95. OF
1-13
2.62
4.00
8.20
1.04
2-37
2.96
5-97
0.97
2.21
2.38
*».79
0.30
0.70
1.66
3.^0
105. OF
2.16
4.81
5.63
13-64
1.60
3.60
4.10
9.87
1-39
2.88
3.23
7.90
0.65
2.05
2.52
5.65
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                   H-156

                               TABLE 2.1.2D
                         REFUELING
                               HIGH
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE
Pre-1970
  1970
  1971
  1972
1973-1974
  1975
  1976
  1977
  1978
  1979
  1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
Fuel  Economy
 (miles/gal)

     12.7
     12.8
     12.3
     12.4
                       Uncontrolled
                                le)
     12,
     13.
     14,
     15.
     17.0
     17-2
     19.8
        2
        9
        7
21
21
21
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
1989-1991
  1992
1993-1996
1997-1999
  2000+
     22.0
     22.6
     23.3
     23.6
     23.7
     23.6
     23.6
     23.5
     23.4
     23-3
0.45
0.45
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.43
0.39
0.37
0.34
0.34
  .29
  .27
  .26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.25
0,
0,
0,
ISSIONS* FOR
LTITUDE
E POWERED VEHI
With
Volati 1 i ty
Control**
(grams/mi le)
0.45
0.45
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.43
0.39
0.37
0.34
0.34
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.20


CLES

With
Onboard**
^grams/mi le)
0.45
0.45
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.43
0.39
0.37
0.34
0.34
0.29
0.27
0.26
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.02
0.02
0.02
 Wi th both
 Volati1ity
and  Onboard**
(grams/m_Me)

     0.45
     0.45
     0.47
     0.47
     0.47
     0.43
     0.39
     0.37
     0.34
     0.34
     0.29
     0.27
     0.26
     0.27
     0.26
     0.26
     0.25
     0.24
     0.24
     0.24
     0.02
     0.02
     0.02
     0.02
  * Refueling Emissions  (g/mi) -  [Displacement  (g/gal)
    + Spillage  (g/gal)] / Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

  ** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with  7-0/7.8/9.0 RVP  fuels
     for ASTM class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed  to start  in  1993,
     and apply  to LOGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                            H-157

                                        TABLE 2.1.3

                       HOT STABILIZED  IDLE EMISSIONS FOR HIGH  ALTITUDE
                            LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Pol
HC



















CO



















NO*
















"none i
Years
P>-e-i968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Zero *
97
45
42
44
16
13
31
1 1
7
5
5
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
958
674
775
839
445
354
663
264
129
101
41
38
37
3O
29
28
27
27
26
25
6
5
4
3
7
6
6
2
2
1
1






m le
80
60
60
40
20
96
23
24
44
88
07
54
31
62
44
37
35
34
32
29
80
40
80
40
20
94
38
22
44
88
67
87
17
69
34
16
74
19
18
48
60
40
20
98
23
85
41
07
00
93
78
72
66
64
62
57
54
50.000 Mile

   106.80
    63.60
    63.60
    56.40
    37.20
    38.74
    57.86
    16.06
    13.82
    11 .76
     9.89
     9.59
                                              Emission Rate  (Grams/Hour)
                                               	        	  In-use  Level*  	
                                                   100.OOP Mi le      50.OOP  Mi l_e     100.000  M1 ie
     9.21
     8.42
      .25
       15
       15
      .09
      .04
a.
a.
8.
8.
e.
7.97
  107B.BO
   863.40
  1039.80
  1067.40
   700.20
   555.38
   914.56
   307.44
   242.22
   199.11
   106.24
   108.48
    94.95
    64,70
    60.90
    57.21
    55.61
    54.02
    50.74
    48.23

     6.60
     5.40
     4.20
     3.98
     7.23
     6.85
     6.41
     2.07
     2.00
      .93
      .78
      .72
      .66
      .64
      .62
      .57
1 ,
1 .
1
1
1
1 ,
1 ,
1.54
                                                       i15.80
                                                        81 .60
                                                        64.60
                                                        68 .40
                                                        SB. 20
                                                        S3. 67
                                                        83.30
                                                        21 .49
                                                        22.33
                                                        19.74
                                                        16.22
                                                        15.91
                                                        15.59
                                                        14.89
                                                        14 .75
                                                        14 .67
                                                        14.66
                                                        14.58
                                                        14.58
                                                        14.52

                                                      1198.80
                                                      1052.40
                                                      1303.80
                                                      1295.40
                                                       955.20
                                                       777.48
                                                      1148.25
                                                       351.34
                                                       402.46
                                                       342.20
                                                       194.65
                                                       198.61
                                                       180.80
                                                       147.00
                                                       142.50
                                                       137.46
                                                       135.18
                                                       132.92
                                                       128.26
                                                       124.6S

                                                        6.60
                                                        5.40
                                                        4.20
                                                        3.98
                                                        7.23
                                                        €.85
                                                        6.41
                                                        2.07
                                                        2.00
                                                        1.93
                                                        1.78
                                                        1.72
                                                        1.66
                                                        1 .64
                                                        1.S2
                                                        1.57
                                                        1.54
 108.15
  64.95
  64.95
  57 .75
  38.55
  40.09
  59.21
  17 .44
  15. 17
  13.12
  1 1 .24
  10.94
  10.56
   9.77
   9. SO
   9.50
   9.50
   9 . 44
   9.39
   9.32

1084.86
 869.46
1045.86
1073.46
 706.26
 561.43
 920.62
 313.50
 248.28
 205.16
 112.30
 114.54
 101.00
  70.76
  66.96
  63.27
  61 .66
  60.08
  56.80
  54.28

   6.63
   5.43
   4.23
   4,01
   7.26
   6.88
   6.44
   2. 10
   2.03
   1 .96
   1 .81
   1 .75
   1 .69
   1.67
   1 .65
   1 .60
   1 .57
 121 .40
  87.20
  90.20
  74.00
  63.80
  69.27
  88.90
  27.09
  27.93
  25.34
  21 .82
  21.51
  21.20
  20.49
  20.35
  20.28
  20.26
  20. 19
  20. 18
  20. 12

1233.03
1086.63
1338.03
1329.63
 989.43
 811.71
1182.48
 385.57
 436.70
 376.43
 228.89
 232.84
 215.03
 181.23
 176,73
 171.70
 169.42
 167. 16
 162.50
 158.89

   6.75
   5.55
   4.35
   4. 13
   7.38
   7.00
   6.56
   2.22
   2. 15
   2.08
   1.93
   1.87
   1.81
   1.79
   1 .77
   1.72
   1.69
 In-use 0m1ss1 on level includes tampering.

ATE :  MAV 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-158
 Model
 Year
Index**
                     TABLE 2.1.4A

                 REGISTRATION NIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     HIGH ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
	(per vehicle*)	(fleet)
                                       Jan 1
                                      Mileage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 U
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
             .062
             .082
             .079
             .075
            0.071
     .067
     ,063
     .060
     .056
     .052
13118.
12408.
11737-
11103.
10503.

 9935-
 9398.
    0.048
    0.045
    0.041
    0.037
    0.033

    0.029
    0.026
    0.022
    0.018
    0.034
 8409.
 7954.

 7524.
 7H7.
 6733-
 6369.
 6024.

 5698.
 5390.
 5099.
 4823-
 4562.
                              0.021
                              0.082
                              0.079
                              0.075
                              0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033

0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
13118.
12940.
12240.
11578.
10953-

10361.
 9801.
 9271.
 8769.
 8295-

 7846.
 7422.
 7021.
 6642.
 6283.

 5943-
 5621.
 5317.
 5030.
 4758.
  1640.
  9816.
 22403-
 34309.
 45571.

 56225.
 66303.
 75837-
 84854.
 93383-

101452.
109084.
116303.
123133.
129593-

135704.
141484.
146951.
152124.
157016.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local  area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model  year vehicles in any
     given calendar  year.  Index 1 references the newest model  year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model  year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l)  « MAR(l)  and,
            JMAR(MYI)  - .25*MAR(HYI)  + .75*«AR (MY I -1) ,  MY I  - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                 H-159

             TABLE 2.1.4C

TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
             HIGH ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Model Year
  Index*   Trips per Day   Miles per Day

     1           l».66            35- 94
     2           4.60            35-45
     3           4.54            33-53
     it           4.48            31-72
     5           4.1»3            30.01
     6           4.37            28.39
     7           4.31            26.85
     8           4.25            25-40
     9           4.19            24.02
     10           4.13            22.73
     11           4.08            21.50
     12           4.02            20.33
     13           3-96            19.24
     14           3.90            18.20
     15           3.84            17.21
     16           3.78            16.28
     17           3-72            15-40
     18           3.67            14.57
     19          3.61            13.78
     20+         3-55            13-03
 * The indices refer to the most recent model
   year vehicles  in any given calendar year.
   Index 1 references the newest model year
   vehicles and index 20+ references  the oldest
   model year vehicles.
 DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                        H-160

                                    TABLE 2,1.5

                  EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                    HIGH ALTITUDE
                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                  JANUARY 1, 1988
            (A)        (B)            (C-A*B/DAF)        (D)             (C*D/TFNORM)
 Model   LDV  Fleet   Sales             LDGV     Annual Mileage          Travel
__Years  Registration Fraction  (A*B)  Registration  Accrual Rate
1988
1987
1986
1985
1981*
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-

0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.01*8
0.01.5
0.041
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.03**

0.990
0.996
0-996
0.991
0.988
0.986
0.961
0.91*0
0.955
0.971*
0.991
0-997
0-997
0.997
0.997
0-998
0.998
0-999
1.000
1.000
DAF:
0.020
0.082
0.079
0.07**
0.070
0.066
0.061
0.056
0.053
0.051
0.01*8
0.01*5
0.01*1
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
0.944
0.022
0.086
0.083
0.079
0.074
0.070
0.064
0.060
0.057
0.05^
0.050
0.01*8
0.01*3
0.039
0.035
0.031
0.027
0.023
0.019
0.036

13118.
12940.
12240.
H578.
10953-
10361 .
9801.
9271-
8769-
8295-
7846.
7422.
7021.
6642.
6283.
5943.
5621.
5317.
5030.
4758.
TFNORM:
284.2
1119.1
1019-8
911.2
813.6
724.8
628.3
553-7
496.6
444.9
395-2
352.6
303-9
259.4
218.9
182.1
154.4
123.7
95.9
171.3
9253-6
0.031
0.121
0.110
0.098
0.088
0.078
0.068
0.060
0.054
0.048
0.043
0.038
0.033
0.028
0.024
0.020
0.017
0.013
0.010
0.019

 WHERE :

   A
   B
   D

 NOTE
 - January 1  registration mix from Table 2.1.4A,
 - Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
 = Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.1.4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
for almost every model year.
 DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                             H-1611
                                         TABLE 2.1.6A

                    SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                               * SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(sadJ)

                  SF(s) = EXP(A * B*s + C*s**2+ D*S**3+ E*s»*4+ F*s**5). MC ft CO
                        » A + B*S + C*s**2+ D*S**3+ E*S*"4 + F»s**5, NOx
Pol lutant
and
Model Vears
HC
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
CO
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
NOx
Pre- 1968
1966
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1976


O.
O.
O,
O.
O.
0.
O
O.

O.
0.
O.
O
O.
0.
O.
O

o.
o.
o.
o.
o.
0.
o.
o.
A

224612E+01
2O2779C+O1
215056EHH
223O2IE+01
2I2230E+OI
2I5361E+O1
211340E+O1
239540E+O1

18I978E+01
1B6919E+O1
I82133E+01
2OI42IE+01
2O4S33E*01
231868E+01
2I5487E+OI
248747E+O1

244424E+0*
188656E+01
155777E+O1
2O45I6E+OI
163262E+O1
144825E+01
153447E+O1
942 13 IE +OO


-o.
-0.
-O.
-0.
-O.
-0.
-O
-O.

-0.
-0.
-O.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.

-o.
-o.
-0.
-o.
-0.
-o.
-o.
-o.
B

29O973E+OO
273O49E*00
2B3620E+OO
293648E+00
291O72E+OO
28345 IE +00
285676E+OO
33578 IE +OO

254663E+OO
276679E+OO
272054E+OO
295188E+OO
3I0618E+OO
34I147E+OO
329116E+OO
391562E+OO

250107E+OO
I6I289E+OO
1 I3032E+OO
I94O14E+OO
I21861E+OO
I22444E+OO
!2567tE+OO
42324OE-O1


O
O
O
O.
O.
o.
O.
0.

O.
0.
0.
0.
O
O.
O.
o.

o.
o.
0.
o.
0.
o.
o.
o.
c

158B90E-01
153577E-O1
1S3836E-O1
I62356E-OI
169089E-OI
156948E-OI
16318OE-OI
21 16O9E-O1

1S2347E-OI
172335E-O1
17O3O4E-O1
186353E-O1
2O4852E-O1
2O9446E-O1
21OI12E-OI
27O721E-O1

138293E-OI
904995E-O2
671832E-O2
MO736E-OI
7O3O2OE -O2
795024E-02
7B5919E-O2
3862S3E-O2


-o
-O.
-O.
-O.
-O.
-0
-0.
-0.

-0
-0,
-O.
-0,
-O.
-0.
-O.
-o.

-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-0.
-o.
-0.
-0,
0

472494E-03
460304E-O3
442136E-O3
484148E-O3
S26I4BE-O3
469759E-O3
5OO793E-O3
731550E-03

487397E-O3
5S8279E-O3
SS2O21E-O3
621606E-O3
7O8527E-O3
66589 1E-O3
6B9O57E-03
976I78E-O3

287O25E-O3
1856O9E-O3
143409E-O3
231754E-O3
146293E-03
171078E-03
(69428E-O3
939B53E-O4


0
O
O
0.
O.
0.
0
O

O.
O
O.
O.
0
0.
0
O.

O
O.
0.
0.
O
0.
O.
O
E

694077E-05
678527E-05
628732E-05
71 1591E-05
802705E-05
693832E O5
755O67E-O5
12O715E-O4

758207E-O5
871678E-05
862S43E-OS
993657E-05
1 I6215E-O4
1O2225E-O4
1O8390E-O4
165270E-O4

2O7585E-05
132555E-05
106O79E-O5
168372E-O5
1O6141E-O5
125777E-O5
125494E-O5
753883E-O6
F

-O 39279BE-O7
-0 3848BOE-O7
-O 3463ME-07
-O 4O286 tE-07
-0.470M7E-07
-O.3947O7E-O7
-0 437187E-O7
-0.748567E-O7

-O 449514E-O7
-O 516980E-07
-O 51 144OE-O7
-O.599779E-O7
-O 71569OE-O7
-0.598265E-O7
-O.647125E-O7
-O. 104317E-O6

O 0
O 0
0.0
O.O
O 0
0.0
O.O
0.0
  WHERE :    s    = average speed (mph),
            sadj - baste test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction of cold start operation x
                   and fraction of hot start operat ton w. [ 1/sadj = /26 + (l-w-x)/16].
DATE :  MAV 19, 1989

-------
                               H-162
                           TABLE  2. 1-6B

            SPEED CORRECTION  FACTOR  COEFFICIENTS  FOR
                           HIGH ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  VEHICLES

                 • SCF(s.sadj) = .SF(s)/SF(sadj)


                   SF(s) = A/s +  B,  HC & CO
                         » EXP(A  + B-S + C-S"2), NOx
  HC
           LOW
   CD
          High
           Low
   NOx
          Hign

           AH
  WHERE
Model
Years
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Coef f icient
A
37.95604
10.60380
10.82023
10.88869
S. 74266
8.92062
7 . 76209
5.23198
4.98885
4.78677
4 . 70467
4.62258
4.45523
4.32577
B C
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.07927
-0.08068
-0.06197
-0.02100
-0.01610
-0.01203
-0.01037
-0.00872
-0.00535
-0.00274
                  1977 +
                  1977+
                                8.10000
                                             0.0
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1968
1989
1990
1991
1992+
490.98633
107.24390
1 13.27760
117.23621
87.77820
91.78729
73.35860
33.19730
30.117OO
27.55679
36.51669
25.47659
23.35629
21.71620
-1.97820
0.96562
0.86151
0.75511
-0.14450
-0. 10426
0 . 6002 1
2.14936
2.39638
2.60169
2.68510
2.76850
2.93853
3.07006
                    60.OOOOO
                                             0.0
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
1.04330
0. 18957
0 . 20906
0.22795
-0 . 02994
-0.03852
-0 , 04694
-0 . 066O6
-0.07443
-0.08138
-0.08420
-0.08703
-0.09279
-0.09724
-0 . 026082
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.023254
-0.022703
-0.023881
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
O.OO042835
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00017100
0.00016500
0.00017700
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
s    • average speed (mph).
sadj • basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction
       of cold Start operation x and fraction of hot
       start operation w. [1/sadj • (w«-x)/26 + d-w-x)/i6]
 Low • average speed < 19.6 tnph.
High * average speed > 19.6 mph.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                              H-163
                          TABLE 2.1,7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES

             - TCF(1) = TC(1)-(T -  75,0), 19BO+ CO,
            TCF(c) = EXP [  TC(b)-
-------
                                      H-164
                                  TABLE 2.1.76

             HIGH (> 75F)  TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                         AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION FACTORS
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES

                   - TCF(b) - EXP [ TC(b)*(T - 75.0) ], Pre-1980
               TRCF(b) * EXP [  RC(b)MRVP -  9.0) + TC
-------
H-1SS
TABLE 2. 1 ,7C
B NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
^ LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Normalized Fractions
Moael
Pol Years
HC Pre-1966
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1961
1982
1983
1984
1965
198S
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992 +
CO Pre-19S6
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1979
1980
1981
~ 1982
^ 1983
• 1984
W 1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
199S+
Test Segment 1
B1
1 .2820
1 .3450
1 .3450
1 . 3890
1 .9360
2.2OOO
2.4510
2 , 4402
2.4754
2.6207
2.6438
2.6599
2.7111
2.7307
2.7345
2,7383
2,7457
2.7513
1 .2770
1 .4420
1 .5530
1 .4020
1 .8100
2.3970
2,8171
2.7447
2 . 8699
2 . 8689
2.7500
2.6623
2. 6277
2.5906
2.5747
2.5591
2.5280
2 . 5048
1 . 1210
1 . 1610
1 .2470
1 . 2950
1 .3770
1 . 3 1 30
1 .7037
1 . 6886
1 . 5O84
1 . 5590
1 .5619
1 . 5638
1 .5800
1 . SB56
1 . 5865
1.5874
1 . 5B92
1 .5906
011
0.0250
0.0740
0. 1760
0 . 0440
0.3240
0.7140
0.4547
0.4320
0.4360
0.5239
0.4458
0.3854
0.3905
0.3728
0.3621
0.3515
0 . 3303
0.3143
0.0330
0.0710
0. 1090
0 . 0540
0. 1490
0.2770
0.6155
0.6O31
0.4792
0.6010
0 . 5O7S
0.437S
0 . 4480
0.4291
0.4169
0.4049
0.3811
0.3633
0.0090
0.0
0.0240
0.0250
0.0500
0.0470
0 . 0896
0. 1007
0.0673
0.0545
0.0584
0.0619
0.0590
0.0593
0.0599
0.0605
0.0617
0.0627
D12






0.5919
0.5629
0.6417
0.7405
0.6159
0.5201
0.5154
0.4838
0.4665
0 .4494
0.4153
0.3897






0.8043
0.77OO
0.5760
0.6754
0 . 609 1
0.5592
0.5709
O.5S86
0.55OO
0.5415
0.5247
0.5122






0.0896
0. 1OO7
0.0673
O.O545
0 . 0584
0.0619
0.0590
0 . 0593
0.0599
0.06OS
0.0617
0.0627
Test Segment 2
B2
0.9730
0.9460
0.9190
0 . 9030
0.7340
0.5710
0.5012
0 . 508 1
0.4941
0.4657
0.4548
0.4467
0.4349
0.4290
0.4274
0.4257
0.4225
0.4200
1 .0170
0 . 9960
0.9330
0 . 9860
0.8610
0.6470
0.3577
0.3853
0.2877
0.3140
0.3558
0.3863
0.4065
0.4217
0.4274
0.4329
0.4440
0.4522
0.7850
0.7960
0.7790
0.7850
0 . 7580
0.8110
0.7445
0.7519
0,7760
0.7542
0.7594
0.7641
0.7588
0,7587
0.7595
0.7602
0.7616
0.7630
02 1
0 . 0280
0.0540
0. 1 180
0 . 0560
0.2S70
0. 171Q
0.2152
0.2027
0. 1674
0.2158
0 . 2088
0 . 2032
0.2100
0.2101
0.2092
0 . 2084
0.2066
0 . 2053
0.0290
0 . 0420
0.0790
0 . 0690
0. 1590
0.0610
0.2966
0.2732
0 . 2286
0.2715
0 . 2602
0.2514
0.2614
0.2614
0.2600
0.2586
0.2559
0.2538
0.0010
0.0
0.0070
0.0080
0.0610
0 . 0340
0.1011
0. 1084
0 . 0507
0.0410
0.0397
0.0387
0 . 0354
0 . 034 1
0.0336
0.0335
0.0328
0.0324
D22






0.3136
0.2936
0.2214
0.2389
0.2536
0.2645
0.2741
0 . 2802
0.2824
0.2845
0.2887
0.2919






0,5154
0.4642
0 . 3036
0.3372
0.3241
0.3140
0.3206
0.3193
0.3176
0.3160
0.3127
0.3103
Test Segment 3
B3
0.8390
0.6420
0.8940
0.8910
0.8010
0.9140
0.8571
0.8520
0.8521
0.7967
0.8001
0.8034
0.7873
0.7837
0 . 7840
0.7843
0.7849
0.7854
0.7580
0.6740
0.7110
0.7230
0.6540
0.6190
0.8546
0 . 8566
0 . 9484
0.8990
0.9089
0.9168
0.9044
0 . 9034
0.9046
0.9056
0.9081
0.9099
031
0.0190
0.0480
0.0930
0.0360
0.2100
0. 1430
0, 1856
0. 1801
0. 1928
0.2117
0. 1909
0. 1749
0. 1748
0. 1696
0. 1669
0. 1640
0. 1584
0. 1541
0.0250
0.0330
0 . 0360
0.0370
0 . 0930
0 . 0760
0.2652
0.2545
0.2591
0 . 2986
0.2619
0.2344
0.2360
0.2279
0.2231
0.2183
0 . 2089
0.2019
032






0.2381
0.2363
0.2673
0.2815
0.2583
0 . 2406
0.2364
0.2322
0.2290
0.2258
0.2194
0.2146






0.4212
0.4018
0.3650
0 . 4027
0.3433
0.2992
0.2937
0.2784
0.2706
0 . 2629
0.2476
0.2362
1.3190-0.0090





0. 1O11
0. 1084
0 . 0507
O.O410
0.0397
O.O387
0.0354
0 . 034 1
0.0338
0.0335
0.0328
0.0324
1 . 2670
1.2360
1.1880
1,1770
1.1250
0.9565
0.9539
1.0436
1.0472
1.0352
1.0248
1.0227
1.0186
1.0165
1 .0144
1.0101
1.0067
0.0
0 . 0280
0.0330
0.0780
0 . 0540
0. 1301
0 . 1 402
0.0717
0.0671
0 . 0709
0.0743
0.0739
0.0749
0.0755
0.0761
0.0775
0 . 0785





0. 1301
0. 1402
0.0717
0.0671
0 . 0709
0.0743
0.0739
0.0749
0.0755
0.0761
0.0775
0.0785
Total Test
BO
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .OOOO
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1,0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
D01 002
0.0249
0.0565
0. 1235
C . 048 1
C.2632
0.2752
0.2565 0.3503
0.2438 0.3334
0.2401 0.3205
0.2782 0.3538
0.2526 0.3295
0.2330 0.3106
0.2376 0.3140
0.2326 0.3091
0.2292 0.3057
0.2257 0.3024
0.2189 0.2959
0.2136 0.2909
0.0287
0.0455
0.0740
0.0572
0.1369
0.1096
0.3537 0.5492
0.3360 0.5102
0.2885 0.3765
0.3469 0.4247
0.3116 0.3880
0.2850 0.3605
0.2929 0.3648
0.2868 0.3S74
0.2822 0.3526
0.2778 0.3479
0.2689 0.3386
0.2622 0.3316
1 .0000-0.0001
1 .0000
1.0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 ,0000
1 .0000
0.0
0.0162
0.0183
0.0634
0 . 042 1
0. 1066 0. 1066
0. 1155 0. 1155
0.0599 0.0599
0.0509 0.0509
0.0521 0.0521
0.0532 0.0532
0.0508 0.0508
0.0504 0.0504
0.0505 0.0505
0.0507 0.050F
0.0510 0.0510
0.0512 0.0512
NOTE :  The fractions given in this table are used in tn« calculation of the operating-mooe/
       temperature correction factor (OMTCP).
WHERE
           OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)
            M
[(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS) /DENOM].
   W   •TCF(1)-(B1+D11*M), or «[B1+D11"5.0+D12-(M-5.0)].
(1-W-X)*TCF(2)'(B2+D21*M). or •lB2+D2i-5.0+D22*(M-5.0)],
   X   •TCF(3)«(B3*D31-M). or "[B3+031-S,0«-D32"(M-5.0)].
BCH-D01-M, or • BO+D01-5.CH-D02MM-5.0).
Fraction of VMT m the cold start mode,
Fraction of VMT in the  not start mode.
Temperature correction factor for pollutant/modal year/test  segment b,
Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                     H-166

                                 TABLE 2.1.8A

              AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                                 HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                      * ACCF- U*V*(A + B*(T-75) -1)  + 1
   Model
   Years
          HC
CO
NOx
                 6
       B
       B
  Pre-1975  0.1023E+01 0.33MtE-02  0.1202E+01 0.1808E-02  0.1299E+01 0.56A3E-01*
   1975+    0.1000E+01 0.3512E-02  0.1130E+01 0.1528E-02  0.1221E+01 0.4262E-03
* WHERE :

    ACCF
    V
    U

    Dl
    DILO
    DIM I
    DB
    WB
    T
Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given in Table 2.1.SB,
Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using it -  (Dl-DlLO)/(DIHI-Dl),
0<-U<-1,
Discomfort index -  (DB+WB) *.VH5.
The highest discomfort index where no AC is used,
The lowest discomfort index where all vehicles with AC use  it,
Dry bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Wet bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                              TABLE 2.1.8B

                          ESTIMATED FRACTION OF
                              HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                      EQUIPPED WITH AIR CONDITIONING
                       Model
                       Years

                      Pre-1962
                        Fraction Equipped
                      With, ALT Conditioning

                             0.07
1965-1966
1967-1968
1969-1971
1972-1976
1977+
0.24
0.37
0.51
0.6l
0.72
                     DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                     H-167

                 TABLE 2.1.8C

  EXTRA LOAD CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

          * XLCF - (XLC-1)*U + 1

      Model        Coefficients  (XLC)
      Years      HC       CO       N0>
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975+
1.0786
1.0495
1.0852
1.0556
l .0556
l .0*55
.2765
.1384
.2478
.1347
.1347
.3058
0-9535
1.0313
1.0313
1.0313
1.0753
1.0719
  WHERE
      XLCF - Extra load correction factor,
      U    - Fraction of VMT with an extra load,
      XLC  « Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 2.1.80

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

           * TTCF «  (TTC-1)*U + 1

      Model         Coefficients  (TTC)
      Years       HC       CO       NOx
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975+
.2614
.2762
.4598
.7288
.7288
.5909
1.9327
1.89*0
2.4753
2.1414
2.141*
3-9722
1.1184
1.1384
1.1384
1.1384
1.2170
1-3875
WHERE :

  TTCF «
  U
  TTC  •
           Trailer towing correction factor.
           Fraction of VMT towing a trailer,
           Correction factor coefficient.
DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                          H-168

                                      TABLE 2.1.9A

                              TAMPERING AND MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                       50,000 100,000
   Area
Model
Years
Non-l/M  Pre-1981
           1981 +
With I/M Pre-1981
            1981+
System
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F!1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister £ Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap
Zero Mile
Level
-0.0556
0.0362
0.0673
0.0183
0.0109
0.0292
-0.0059
-0.0206
-0.0186
-0.0157
-0.0071
-0.0054
-0.0068
0.0140
0.0072
-0.0059
-0.0206
-0.0186
-0.0473
-0.0062
0.0206
0.0163
0.0434
0.0597
-0.0024
-0.0063
-0.0077
-0.0106
-0.0058
0.0002
-0.0002
0.0115
0.0113
-0.0024
-0.0063
-0.0077
Det.
Rate 1
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.02393
0.00171
0.02564
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.00961
0.00574
0.00674
0.00496
0.00101
0.00597
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.01188
-0.00216
0.00972
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
0.00744
0.00338
0.00286
0.00059
0.00009
0.00068
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
Det.
Rate 2
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.02393
0.00171
0.02564
0.00315
0.01154
0.01301
0.03819
0.01546
0.01552
0.00496
0.00101
0.00597
0.00315
o.oi 154
0.01301
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.01188
-0.00216
0.00972
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
0.02914
0.00960
0.01449
0.00059
0.00009
0.00068
0.00180
0.00601
0.00752
Mi le
Level
0.135
0.1 13
0. 145
0.138
0.019
0.157
0.010
0.037
0.046
0.032
0.022
0.028
0.018
0.019
0.037
0.010
0.037
0.046
0.098
0.042
0.093
0.076
0.033
0.108
0.007
0.024
0.030
0.027
0.011
0.014
0.003
0.012
0.015
0.007
0.024
0.030
Mi le
Level
0.326
0.191
0.222
0.258
0.028
0.286
0.026
0.095
0.111
0.223
0.099
0.106
0.043
0.024
0.067
0.026
0.095
0.111
0.244
0.090
0.165
0.135
0.022
0.157
0.016
0.054
0.067
0.172
0.059
0.087
0.006
0.012
0.018
0.016
0.054
0.067
DATE : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                      H-169

                                  TABLE 2.1.9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING AND/OR MISFUELING
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Type of Tampering
   Emi ssion
Control  System
Pollutant
Excess Emissions
FTP  Bag 1  Bag 2
(g/mi)  Idle
Bag 3 (a/hr)
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way


otal Misfueled Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way


EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977-1980
1981+
NOx
NOx
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
l
3
1
.37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.Ok
.74
.52
.47
• 96
.44
.57
.57

.21
• 31
.48
.23
• 39
• 99
1
34
1


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

1
3
4
1
3
2
.80
.67
.36


.80


.31
.40
.80
• 32
.49
• 30
.50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.11
.36
.02
.12
1
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
1
• 37
.90
.76


.21


.40
• 97
.25
.11
.36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.45

.96
.63
.68
• 19
.46
.85
1
21
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
4
4
1
3
2
.04
.28
.61


.25


.95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
• 37
.74

• 54
.21
.53
.21
.55
.16
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
14
9
14
0







.38
.08

.97
.71

.43
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
.31
.70
.18
.70
.18
.13







DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                   H-170
                               TABLE 2.1.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Model
   Years
  Excess
Crankcase
(Gm/Mi le)
PCV System Disabled

 1964-1970        1.28
 1971-1974        1.27
 1975-1977        1-26
 1978-1979        1.24
   1980           1.22
   1981+          1.21

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1976
   1977
 1978-1980
 1981-1983 CARB
   1984+ CARB
 1981-1983 FINJ
   1984+ FINJ

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1976
   1977
 1978-1980
 1981-1983 CARB
   1984+ CARB
 1981-1983 FINJ
   1984+ FINJ
— RVP «
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
9.0 psi  —
  Diurnal
 (Gm/Test)
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
11.5  psi  -
   Di urnal
  (Gm/Test)
19.07
19.07
19.07
lU. 67
17.28
13.47
10.36
6.76
5.20
42.15
42.15
31.79
24.45
25.22
24.88
19.14
24.88
19.14
29.18
29-18
29.18
22.45
24.05
22.71
17-47
11.70
9.00
93-10
93-10
70.20
54.00
55-71
54.94
42.26
54.94
42.26
19.07
19.07
19.07
14.67
17.28
0.0
0.0
6.76
5.20
42.15
42.15
31-79
24.45
25.22
24.88
19.14
24.88
19.14
29.18
29.18
29.18
22.45
24.05
0.0
0.0
11.70
9.00
93.10
93-10
70.20
54.00
55.71
54.94
42.26
54.94
42.26
   Hot Soak emissions
   Diurnal emissions •
   No fuel weathering,
        • 82F ambient temperature,
         60 to 84F one hour heat build,
         tested at 40% tank level.
 DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                          H-171

                      TABLE 2.1.9D

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate (Grams/Mile)
  (psi)        80.OF       87.OF       95.OF      K5

Cannister Disconnect
7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7
Missing Fuel
7.0
9-0
10. 4
11.7
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.5^
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
0.42
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.84
1.85
3.^3
17-28
0.90
2.04
3-52
7.19

1.28
3-31
15-30
44.93
1.85
4.29
4.97
n.97

2.44
15-58
28.51
44.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 1971+ model year
  veh ides.

DATE :  MAY 19. 19&9

-------
                             H-172


                         TABLE 2.1.10A


                       METHANE OFFSETS*
                       FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
  Model                     Methane Offsets (g/mi)
  Years              FTP       Bag 1        Bag 2       Bag 3

 Pre-1975
1975-1976
   1977
1978-1979
   1980
1981-1982
   1983
   1984
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988
   1989
   1990
   1991
   1992+
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmethane hydrocarbon
  emissions  (NMHC) , i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.


DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
4
0.421
0.316
0.148
0.328
0.212
0.178
0.080
0.075
0.067
0.064
0.057
0.055
0.053
0.052
0.049
0.048
0.570
0.470
0.220
0.490
0.300
0.258
0.111
0.105
0.093
0.088
0.079
0.075
0.073
0.071
0,067
0.065
0.420
0.300
0.140
0.310
0.200
0.167
0.075
0.070
0.062
0.059
0.053
0.051
0.049
0.048
0.046
0.044
0.310
0.230
0.110
0.240
0.170
0.140
0.067
0.063
0.056
0.054
0.049
0.046
0.046
0.044
0.042
0.041
   i

-------
                                    H-173

                               TABLE  2.1.IOC

                     PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                 (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE  EMISSION  SYSTEMS)
                               FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Model
   Years

 Pre-1968
1968-1971
   1972
   1973
   1975
   1976
   1977
1978-1979
   1980
   1981
   1982
   1983
1984-1985
   1986
   1987+




Air Pump Oxidat
Onl
0.0
5.0
10.0
30.0
30.0
15-0
10.0
10.0
5.o
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0



y Catal
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
85.0
85.0
90.0
88.0
15.0
14.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970

197H


ion 3Way
yst Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
85.0
86.0
88.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
97-0
90.0
90.0
90.0
93-0
93.0
90.0
PCV
System
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
Air Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
30.0
20.0
25.0
65.0
75-0
70.0
60.0
60.0
40.0
30.0






EGR
System
£ 3Way
Catal yst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
85.0
85.0
85.0
93.0
93.0
90.0






   DATE  : MAY  ig,  1989

-------
                               H-174

                           TABLE  2.1.10D

                 PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                      (FUEL DELIVERY  SYSTEMS)
                          FOR  HIGH ALTITUDE
                LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE POWERED  VEHICLES
   Model                             Ported       Throttle-Body
   Years,          Carbureted    Fuel-Injected   Fuej-Injected

   1981                91-5             5-7              2-8
   1982                82.9             6-3             10.8
   1983                71.8             8.7             19.5
   1984                60.7            10.4             28.9
   1985                45.5            28.0             26.5
   1986                33-0            39-1             27-9
   1987                25.3            48.3             26.4
   1988                18.9            57-6             23-5
   1989                16-3            59-4             24.3
   1990                13-7            65.6             20.7
   1991                 8.4            74.2             17-4
   1992+               4.3            78.5             17.2
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
I

-------
                                                   TABLE
                                   BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR NIGH ALTITUDE
                                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                  TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                    DATE
                                                                                           MAY  19.  1989

19B5
MV* E**
1966 1B.O
(967 17.9
1968 (41
1969 (3.9
197O 14.4
1971 13.2
1972 9.7
1973 9.6
(974 9.5
(975 7.9
(976 7.7
1977 5.7
1978 6.5
1979 6.2
198O 3.6
1981 2.5
1982 1 .9
1983 1 .6
1984 1 .4
1985 1.3

1997
MY* E**
1978 8.7
1979 8.5
19BO 4.4
1981 3.4
1982 2.8
1963 2.4
1984 2 2
1985 2 . 1
1986 2.O
19B7 .9
1988 .8
1969 .8
199O . 7
199 ( .6
(992 .5
(993 .5
(994 .4
(995 . 3
1996 .3
1997 .2


1986
MV*
1967
1968
1969
(97O
(97 (
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1976
1979
(98O
(98 (
(982
(983
1984
1985
19B6

E**
(8.O
14 2
14. 1
14.6
(3.4
98
9.7
9.6
a. (
7.9
6.O
6.7
6.5
37
2.6
2.O
1 .7
1 5
(.4
(.3

(998
MV*
1979
(98O
(98 (
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
1967
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
(994
1995
1996
1997
(998

(987
MV * E * *
1968 (4.3
1969 (4.2
1970 (4.8
1971 (3.6
1972 9.9
1973 9.8
1974 9.7
1975 8.4
1976 8.1
(977 6.2
1978 7.O
1979 6.7
198O 3.8
1981 2.7
1982 2. 1
1963 .8
(984 .5
(985 .5
1986 .4
1987 .3

1999
E** MV* E**
8.6
4.5
3.5
2.9
2.4
2.2
2. 1
2.O
2.0
.9
.8
.8
.7
.6
.5
.4
.4
.3
.2
.2
•MV -- Indicates the
•*E -- Indicates the
198O 4.5
1981 3.5
1982 2.9
(983 2 . 4
(984 2 . 2
(985 2.1
(986 2.O
1987 2.O
1988 .9
1989 .8
199O .8
(991 .7
(992 .6
1993 .6
1994 5
1995 .4
(996 . 3
(997 .3
1998 .2
1999 .2


January 1 of Calendar Year

1988 1989 (99O 1991 1992 1993
MV*
1969
197O
197 (
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
198 (
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
(987
(9BB

E** MY*
14.3 197O
15. O 1971
13.8 1972
1O. O (973
9.9 (974
9.8 (975
8.5 (976
8.4 (977
6.4 (978
7.2 (979
7.O (9BO
3.9 (981
2.8 (982
2.2 (983
.9 (9B4
.6 1985
.5 1986
.5 1987
. 4 1988
.3 1989

C** MY* E** .MY* E** MV*
15.2 1971 14.2 1972 (O.2 (973
14. O 1972 1O 2 1973 1O.2 1974
1O. 1 1973 1O. 1 1974 1O. 1 1975
1O.O 1974 1O. O 1975 9.1 1976
9.9 1975 8.9 1976 8.9 (977
8.7 1976 8.7 1977 7.O 1978
B.S 1977 6.8 1978 7.8 1979
6.6 1978 7.6 1979 7.6 (9BO
7.4 1979 7.4 198O 4.2 1981
7.2 198O 4.1 1981 3.1 (982
4.O (961 3 O 1982 2.5 (983
2.9 1982 2.4 1983 2.1 (984
2.3 1983 2.O 1984 .9 1985
.9 1984 .8 1985 .8 19B6
.7 1985 .7 1986 .7 1987
.6 1986 6 1987 6 198B
.5 1987 .5 1988 .5 1969
.4 1988 5 1989 .5 1990
.4 1989 4 199O 4 1991
.3 1990 .3 (991 .3 1992
January 1 of Calendar Year
E*» MY* E

1994
*• MY* E
1O. 2 1974 1O 2 1975
(O.2 1975
9.2 1976
9. ( 1977
7.2 1978
B.O 1979
7.8 1980
4.3 1981
3.2 1982
2.6 1983
2.2 1984
2.O 1985
9 1986
B 1987
.7 1988
.6 19B9
.5 199O
.5 1991
. 4 (992
.3 1993

2OOO 2O03 2005 20O8 20 (O 2OI2
MY*
198 (
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
(988
1969
(99O
199 (
1992
1993
(994
(995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
E** MV*
3.5 1984
2.9 1985
2.4 1986
2.3 1987
2.2 1988
2 . 1 (989
2.O I99O
2.O 1991
.9 1992
.8 1993
.7 1994
.7 1995
. 6 (996
.5 1997
.5 1998
. 4 1999
3 2OOO
.3 200(
.2 2002
. ( 2OO3
E** MV* E** MY* E** MV*
2.4 1986 2.3 1989 2.2 1991
2.3 1987 2.2 1990 2.2 (992
2.2 1988 2.2 199 ( 2.1 (993
2.2 1989 2.1 1992 2.1 (994
2.1 199O 2.1 1993 2.0 (995
2.O 1991 2.O 1994 2.O (996
2.O 1992 .9 1995 .9 (997
.9 1993 .9 1996 .9 1998
.8 1994 .8 1997 .8 1999
.8 (995 .8 (998 .8 20OO
.7 (996 .7 (999 .7 2OO1
.7 1997 .6 2OOO .6 2OO2
.6 1998 .6 2OO1 .6 2OO3
.5 1999 .5 2002 .5 2OO4
.4 2000 .4 2003 4 2OO5
.4 20O1 4 20O4 .4 2O06
. 3 2OO2 . 3 2005 3 2OO7
.2 2003 2 2006 .2 2OO8
. 2 2004 . 2 20O7 . 2 2OO9
. 1 2OOS . ( 20O8 . 1 2O1O
E** MV* E
2.2 1993
2 2 1994
2 1 1995
2 . ( (996
2.O (997
2.O (996
.9 (999
.9 2OOO
.8 2OO(
.8 2O02
.7 2OO3
.6 2004
6 2005
5 2OO6
.4 20O7
.4 2OOB
3 2OO9
2 2O(O
.2 2O( (
.1 2O12
94 1976
9.2 1977
73 1978
B.2 1979
BO 198O
43 198 (
3.3 1982
2.7 1983
23 1984
2 - 1 1985
9 1986
B 1987
B 1988
7 1989
6 1990
.5 1991
.5 1992
4 1993
.3 1994

20 15

1995
*• MY* E
95 (976
93 1977
74 1978
83 1979
B. 1 1980
4 . 3 198 1
3.3 1982
27 1983
2.3 1984
2 1 1985
2.0 1986
9 1987
B 1988
7 1989
. 6 I99O
5 1991
5 1992
4 1993
.3 1994
3 1995

2O 18
** MY* E** MY* E
2 . 2 1996
2.2 1997
2 . 1 1998
2 t 1999
2.0 2OOO
2.0 2OO1
.9 2OO2
.9 2O03
8 2O04
.8 2OO5
.7 2006
6 2O07
6 20O8
.5 2OO9
.4 2O1O
.4 2O1 1
.3 2O12
.2 2O13
.2 2O14
. 1 2015
2.2 1999
2.2 2000
2. 1 20O1
2 . 1 2002
20 2003
2O 2OO4
9 2OO5
.9 2006
.8 2007
.8 2OOB
7 2009
.6 2O 10
.6 2O t 1
5 2O 12
.4 2013
4 2014
3 2015
2 2O 16
2 2O 17
.1 2O 18

1996
** MY* E
94 1977
75 1978
64 1979
B . 3 I98O
44 (981
34 (982
27 (983
23 (984
2 1 1985
20 1986
9 1987
8 1988
7 1989
7 1990
6 (991
5 1992
4 1993
4 1994
.3 1995
3 1996

2O2O


* +
7 .7
85
84
44
34
2.8
2.3
22
2.O
9
9
B
7
.6
.6
5
4
4
3
2


** MV* E**
2.2 2OO1
2.2 20O2
2 . 1 20O3
2 . 1 2O04
2 O 2OO5
2 O 2OO6
9 2O07
9 2OO8
8 2OO9
8 2O IO
7 201 1
6 2O12
6 20 13
5 20 14
4 2015
4 20 16
3 2O !7
2 2O 18
2 20 19
. 1 2020
2 2
22
2. 1
2 1
20
2.0
.9
9
8
a
.7
6
6
5
4
.4
.3
2
2
. t
model year.
average grams /ml
le emission (evel for model year "MY" on January 1 of the given calendar year.
Ihese

emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP-75 Degrees T. 2O.6V. of VMT traveled
(n cold start. 52.(X of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3*4 of VMT In hot start. 6O TO 84F diurnal. 75F for not soak
and running loss emissions, 9.O pel fuel RVP. 54.57% average In-use fuel tank (evel. Including refueling emissions.
Emissions are based on the January ( mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2. I .4A.

-------
H-176
                                                          TABLE  2  1  1 IB
                                                                                           BATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19.  19B9
                                         BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                               CO
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985
MY * E * *
1966 I53.O
1967 (51.9
1968 123. O
1969 121.6
197O 122. t
1971 12O.2
1972 1O4.6
1973 1O3.O
1974 1O1.3
1975 72. O
1976 7O.O
1977 4O.5
197B 6O.5
1979 58. 1
198O 26.9
1961 17.8
1982 13.4
1983 5.O
1984 4.O
1985 3.3
1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 199( 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E+* HY*
1967 153. O 1968
1968 124.3 1969
1969 123 O 1970
197O 123.9 1971
1971 122.1 1972
1972 106. 1 1973
1973 104.6 1974
1974 1O3.O 1975
1975 73.9 1976
1976 72.0 1977
1977 42.6 1978
1978 62.7 1979
1979 60. 5 198O
1980 27.6 1981
1981 19.4 1982
1982 14.7 1983
1983 5.9 1984
1984 5.O 1985
1985 4.O 1986
1986 3.4 1987
E** MY*
125.6 1969
124.3 197O
125.7 1971
123.9 1972
1O7.6 1973
1O6.1 1974
1O4.6 1975
75.7 1976
73.9 1977
44.6 1978
64.8 1979
62.7 198O
28.3 1981
21.1 1982
16.1 1983
6.7 1984
6.O 1985
S.O 1986
4.0 1987
3.4 1988
E** MV*
125.6 197O
127.3 1971
125.7 1972
1O8.9 (973
1O7.6 1974
1O6. 1 1975
77.3 1976
75.7 1977
46.5 1978
66.8 1979
64.8 198O
29. O 1981
22.8 1982
17.8 1983
7.7 1984
7.O 1985
6.O 1986
S.O 1987
4.O 1988
3.4 1989
E** MY*
128.8 1971
127.3 1972
110.2 1973
1O8.9 1974
1O7.6 1975
78.9 1976
77.3 1977
48.2 (978
68.7 (979
66 8 198O
29.6 1981
24.4 1982
19.3 1983
8.7 1984
8.O 1985
6.9 1986
S.9 1987
5.0 1988
4.O 1989
3.4 199O
E** MY*
128.8 1972
111.4 1973
11O.2 1974
(OB. 9 1975
8O.4 1976
78.9 1977
49.9 1978
7O.5 1979
68.7 19BO
3O.2 1981
25.9 1982
20.8 1983
9.7 1984
9.1 1985
7.9 1986
6.8 1987
59 1988
S.O 1989
4.O (99O
3.4 1991
E** MV*
112.6 1973
111 4 1974
11O.2 1975
81 8 1976
80.4 1977
51.5 1978
72.1 1979
7O.5 (9BO
30.8 1981
27.4 1982
22.2 1983
1O. 6 1984
1O 1 1985
8.9 1986
7.7 1987
6.8 1988
5.9 1989
S.O 199O
4.O 1991
3.4 1992
E*» MY*
112.6 1974
It 1.4 1975
83.2 1976
81 8 1977
53 O 1978
73 7 1979
72 1 1980
31.3 1981
28.7 1982
23.5 1983
115 1984
11.0 1985
9.9 1986
87 1987
7.8 1988
6.8 1989
5.9 1990
SO 1991
4.O 1992
3.4 1993
E** MY*
112.6 1975
84 5 1976
83 2 1977
54 4 1978
75 2 1979
73 7 198O
31 8 1981
30. O 1982
24.7 1983
12.3 (984
119 1985
10.8 1986
97 1987
88 198B
7.8 19B9
6.8 1990
5.9 1 99 t
SO 1992
4 O 1993
3.4 1994
£** MY*
85.7 1976
84 5 1977
55 8 1978
76.6 1979
75 2 198O
32 3 1981
31 2 19B2
25.9 1983
13.1 1984
12 8 1985
11.6 I9B6
10.5 19B7
9.7 1988
8.7 1989
7.7 1990
68 1 99 1
59 1992
50 1993
4.O 1994
3.4 1995
E** MY*
85 7 1977
57 1 1978
78 O 1979
76 6 198O
32 7 1981
32 3 1982
27 O 1983
13 8 1984
13 6 1985
12 5 1986
It. 4 1987
tO 6 1988
9.7 1989
87 199O
77 1991
67 1992
59 1993
5 O 1994
4 O 1995
3 4 1996
E**
58.3
79 3
78.0
33 1
33 4
2B O
14 5
143
13 2
12.2
114
10 5
96
87
7 7
6 7
59
50
4 0
3 4
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997
MV* E**
(978 8O.5
1979 79.3
198O 33.5
1981 34.4
(982 29. O
1983 15.1
1984 15.1
1985 14. O
1986 12.9
(987 12.2
1988 11 4
1989 tO. 5
199O 9.6
1991 8.6
1992 7.6
1993 6.7
1994 5.9
1995 5.0
1996 4.O
1997 34
1998 1999 20OO 2O03 2OO5 20OB 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2020
MV* E** MV*
1979 8O.5 198O
19BO 33 9 1981
1981 35.4 1982
1982 29.9 1983
1983 15.8 1984
1984 15.7 1985
1985 14.6 1986
1986 13.6 1987
1987 13. O 1988
1988 12.2 1989
1989 11.3 1990
199O 1O. 5 1991
1991 9.5 1992
1992 8.6 1993
1993 7.6 1994
1994 67 1995
1995 5.9 1996
1996 5.O 1997
1997 4.O 1998
1998 3.4 1999
E** MY*
34.3 1981
36 3 1982
3O.B 1983
16.3 1984
16.4 1985
15 3 1986
14.3 1987
13 7 1988
12.9 1989
12.1 199O
11.3 1991
1O. 4 1992
95 1993
8.6 1994
7.6 1995
6.7 1996
59 1997
5.0 1998
4.O 1999
3.4 2OOO
E** MV*
37.2 1984
31.6 1985
16.9 1986
17. O 1987
15.9 1988
14 9 1989
t4 4 I99O
13.6 1991
12.8 1992
12.1 1993
11.2 1994
1O. 3 1995
9.S 1996
86 1997
7.6 1998
6.7 1999
5.9 20OO
S.O 2OO1
4.O 2OO2
3.4 2OO3
E** MY*
18.6 1986
17.6 1987
16.6 1988
16.2 1989
15.5 1990
14.8 1991
14.1 1992
13.4 1993
12.6 1994
11.9 1995
11.1 1996
10.3 1997
9.5 1998
8.6 1999
7.6 20OO
67 2OO1
5.9 2OO2
S.O 2O03
4 O 2OO4
3.4 2O05
*
E** MV*
17.6 1989
17.2 199O
16.6 1991
16.0 1992
15.4 1993
14.6 1994
13.9 1995
13.3 1996
12.6 1997
It. 9 1998
11.1 1999
10.3 2000
9.5 2OO1
8.6 2O02
7.6 20O3
6.7 20O4
5.9 2OO5
5.0 2006
4.O 20O7
3.4 20O8
E** HY*
17.5 1991
16.9 1992
16.3 1993
15.6 1994
15. t 1995
14.5 1996
13.9 1997
13.3 1998
12.6 1 999
11.9 20OO
11.1 2OO1
1O. 3 2O02
9.5 2O03
8.6 2004
7 6 20O5
67 2006
5 9 2OO7
S.O 2008
4.O 2OO9
3.4 2O1O
E** MY*
17.2 1993
16.6 1994
16.1 1995
15.6 1996
15 1 1997
14 5 1998
13.9 (999
13.3 2OOO
12.6 2OO 1
11.9 2O02
11.1 2OO3
10.3 2004
9.5 2OOS
8.6 2O06
7 . 6 2OO7
6.7 2OOB
5 9 2OO9
S.O 2O10
4.O 2O 1 1
3.4 2O12
E** MY*
17.1 1996
16 6 1997
16.1 1998
15.6 1999
15 1 200O
14.5 2OO1
13.9 2O02
13.3 20O3
12.6 2OO4
119 2005
11.1 2OO6
(O 3 2007
9.5 2OO8
8.6 20O9
7.6 2O10
6.7 2O11
5.9 2O 12
S.O 2O13
4 . O 2O 1 4
3.4 2O15
E** MY*
17.1 1999
16.6 2000
16. t 2001
15 6 20O2
15 1 2OO3
14 .5 2004
13.9 2OO5
133 20O6
12.6 2OO7
11.9 2008
11.1 2OO9
1O. 3 2010
95 20 M
8.6 2O12
76 2O 1 3
6.7 2014
59 2015
S.O 2016
4.O 2O 17
34 2018
E** MY*
171 2OO1
16 6 2002
16. 1 2003
156 2O04
15 1 20O5
14.5 2O06
13 9 2OO7
133 2OO8
12 6 2009
119 2O1O
11.1 2O 1 1
1O. 3 2O12
95 2O 13
86 2O14
76 2O 1 5
67 2O 16
59 2O 17
5 O 2OI8
4 O 20 1 9
3.4 202O
E**
17.1
16.6
16. 1
15 6
15 1
14 5
139
133
126
119
11.1
1O 3
95
86
7 6
67
59
50
4 .0
34
*HV -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for
model year
"MV" on January 1 of
the given calendar year
These

      emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees f. 2O.6JC of VMT traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on
      the January  1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.t.4A.

-------
                                                   TABLE
                                   BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALII
                                        LIGHT DUTV GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         NOx
                                                                                    DATE
                                                                                           MAY  19.  1989
                                                                               IUOE
1985 (986 1987
MY*
1966
1967
(968
1969
197O
197 t
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
19B2
1983
1984
19B5

January 1 of Calendar Year
198B 1989 (99O 199 ( 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
E** MY* E** MV* C** MY*
2,O t967 2.O 1968
2.O 1968 2.9 1969
2.9 1969 29 197O
2.9 197O 2.9 1971
2.9 1971 2.9 1972
2.9 1972 2.9 1973
2.9 1973 2.5 (974
25 1974 2.5 1975
2 .5 (975 2. 1 1976
2 . I 1976 2 1 1977
2. ( 1977 2.4 1978
2.3 1978 1.9 1979
1 .8 1979 1 .8 198O
1.7 198O 13 1981
1.2 1981 O.9 1982
O.8 1982 tO 1983
O.9 (983 O.9 (984
O 9 1984 O.9 (985
O.8 1985 O.8 1986
O.8 1986 O.8 (987

1997 1998 1999
MV +
1978
1979
198O
1981
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
(99O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
E** MV* E** MV* E
2.7 1979 2.7 198O
2.6 19BO .9 (981
.8 1981 .5 (982
.5 1982 .6 (983
.6 (983 .3 (984
.3 1984 .2 1985
.2 1985 .2 1986
.2 (986 .2 1987
.2 1987 .2 (988
. 1 1988 . 1 1989
. 1 1989 . 1 199O
.1 199O .1 199 t
O (991 .O 1992
.O 1992 .O (993
.O 1993 .0 (994
09 1994 09 1995
O.9 1995 O.9 1996
O.9 1996 O.9 (997
OB 1997 O.8 (998
O.B 1998 O.8 1999
-- Indicates the model
29 1969
2.9 197O
2.9 197 t
2.9 1972
2.9 1973
2.6 (974
2.5 (975
2.2 1976
2.1 1977
2.5 1978
2.O 1979
(.9 198O
(.4 19B1
0.9 19B2
1.O 1963
1.O 19B4
0.9 1985
0.9 1986
0.8 1987
O.8 1986

E** MV*
2.9 197O
29 1971
2.9 1972
29 1973
2.6 1974
2.6 1975
2.2 (976
2.2 1977
2.6 (97B
2.1 (979
2.0 (980
1.4 (98 (
1.O 1982
1 . 1 (983
1.O 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O.8 1988
OB 19B9

E** MY*
2.9 1971
2.9 1972
2.9 1973
2.6 1974
2.6 1975
2 . 2 1976
2.2 (977
2.6 (978
2.2 (979
2 . 1 (98O
.5 1981
. 1 (982
.2 1983
.O 1984
.O 1985
O.9 1986
O.9 1987
O 9 1988
O.B 1989
O.8 1990
January
E** MV*
2.9 1972
2.9 1973
27 1974
26 (975
2.2 (976
2.2 1977
2.7 1978
2.2 1979
2.2 19BO
5 1981
. 1 1982
.2 1983
. ( 1984
.O 1985
.O 1986
O 9 1987
O.9 (988
O.9 (989
O 8 (99O
O.8 (991
E** MV*
2.9 1973
2.7 1974
2.7 1975
2.3 1976
2.2 1977
2.8 (97B
2.3 1979
2 . 2 198O
6 1981
2 1982
.3 1983
. 1 1984
. 1 1985
.O 1986
.0 1987
0.9 1988
O 9 1989
0.9 (99O
0.8 (991
0.8 1992
E** MY*
27 1974
27 1975
2.3 1976
23 1977
2.9 1978
24 1979
2.3 1980
6 1981
2 1982
.3 1983
1 1984
1 1985
1 1986
O 1987
O 1988
O.9 1989
O 9 1990
09 1991
08 1992
O 8 1993
E** MV*
27 1975
2.3 1976
23 1977
2.9 1978
25 1979
24 I98O
. 7 198 1
3 1982
4 1983
2 1964
1 1965
1 1966
1 1967
O 1968
O 1989
O.9 199O
0.9 1991
O.9 1992
O 8 1993
OB 1994
E** MY*
23 1976
23 1977
3 O 1976
25 1979
25 1980
7 1961
.3 1982
5 1983
2 1984
1 1965
. t 1986
1 1987
0 1988
O 1989
.0 199O
O 9 1991
0.9 1992
O 9 1993
OB 1994
OB 1995
E** MY*
23 1977
3 O 1978
26 1979
25 1980
6 1981
.4 1982
.5 1983
2 1984
2 1985
1 1966
. 1 1967
1 1968
0 1989
O (990
O 1991
O 9 1992
09 1993
O 9 1994
O.8 1995
O 8 1996
E**
3 1
26
2 6
8
4
5
3
2
2
t
1
t
.0
.O
0
09
O 9
O 9
O 8
0.8
1 of Calendar Year
20OO 2OO3 2OO5 2OOB 2O1O 2O12 2015 2O18 2O2O
•* MY*
.9 (9B1
.5 1982
.7 1983
.3 1984
.3 1985
.2 1986
.2 1987
.2 (988
.2 (989
t 199O
.( 1991
. 1 1992
.O 1993
O 1994
.O 1995
O.9 1996
O.9 1997
O 9 1998
O.B (999
O.B 2OOO
year .
-- Indicates the average grams/mi
E** MY*
.6 1984
.7 1985
. 4 1986
3 1987
.3 1988
2 1989
.2 199O
.2 1991
.2 (992
. 1 1993
. 1 1994
. 1 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
.O 1998
O 9 1999
O.9 2OOO
O.9 2O01
O.8 2OO2
O.8 2O03

E** MY*
.3 1986
.3 1987
.3 1988
.3 1989
.3 1990
.2 1991
.2 1992
. 2 (993
.2 (994
. 1 1995
. 1 1996
. 1 (997
.O (998
.O 1999
.O 2OOO
O.9 2001
O.9 20O2
0.9 20O3
O 8 2OO4
O.8 2O05

le em I ss ton level for
E** MY*
3 1989
.3 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
2 (994
.2 (995
.2 1996
.2 1997
( 1998
. 1 1999
1 20OO
O 2OO1
0 2O02
.O 2O03
09 2004
O.9 2O05
O 9 2O06
O.8 2OO7
O.8 2008

model year
E*« MY*
.3 1991
3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.3 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
.2 1998
. 2 1999
. 1 2OOO
. 1 2OO1
( 2OO2
.O 20O3
.O 2OO4
.O 2OO5
O.9 2O06
O 9 2007
O.9 2008
O.B 2O09
O.B 2O10

E** MY*
. 3 1993
3 1994
3 1995
3 1996
.3 1997
.2 1998
.2 1999
.2 2OOO
.2 2O01
. 1 2OO2
1 2O03
t 2O04
0 2O05
0 2OO6
0 2007
O 9 2OOB
O 9 2009
O 9 201O
08 2011
O.8 2O12

"MV" on January 1 of
E** MV*
3 1996
3 1997
3 1998
3 1999
.3 2OOO
.2 2O01
.2 2O02
2 2003
.2 2OO4
. 1 2O05
. 1 2006
. 1 2O07
0 2O08
0 20O9
0 2O1O
O 9 2O11
0.9 2012
O.9 2013
OB 2O 14
08 2O15

E*« MV*
.3 1999
3 20OO
. 3 2OO 1
3 2002
3 2O03
.2 20O4
.2 2005
2 2O06
.2 2OO7
1 2006
1 2OO9
. 1 2O1O
0 20 1 1
O 2012
.O 2O 13
O 9 2O 14
O 9 2O 15
O 9 2O 16
O.8 2O 17
O.8 2O18

the given calendar year
E** MY*
.3 2OO1
3 2O02
3 2003
3 2004
3 2OO5
2 20O6
.2 2OO7
2 2008
.2 2009
1 2O1O
1 20 1 1
1 2O12
O 2013
O 2014
0 2O15
09 2O 16
09 2O 17
O 9 2O 18
OB 2019
O 8 202O

1 hese
E»*
.3
3
3
.3
3
2
.2
2
2
1
1
1
O
0
0
0 9
0 9
O 9
08
OB


emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH, TEMP=75 Degrees F, 2O.6X of VMT traveled
In cold start, 52.1% of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT  In hot start   Emissions are based on
the January t mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.I.4A.

-------
                                   H-178
                               TABLE 2.2. 1 A

                  NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                               HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                          - BER = ZML + (DR • M)

         Model      Zero Mile   Deterioration    50,000 Mile    100,000 Mile
   Pol   Vears  _Emission Level     Rate       Emission Level Emission, Level
HC


















CO


















NOx

















WHERE



Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1966
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Pro- 1968
1966-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
197S-1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1986
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1966
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
: BER •
ZML -
OR »
M -
9.350
5.600
4.560
4.580
3.400
1.600
3.530
1 .660
1 .660
1 .070
1 .050
0.510
0.450
0.390
0.460
0.460
0.460
0.460
0.450
117.700
85 . 540
79.640
75.630
58.010
23 . 860
53.570
44 . 250
44 . 250
30.160
33 . 350
9.840
8.060
6. 190
7.410
7.360
7.310
7.290
7.100
1.960
2.910
1.910
1.880
2.250
1.880
0.970
0.970
1.460
1.220
1.240
1.080
0.910
0.820
0.820
0.810
0.810
0.780
^^^^^^ -»^
0. 180
0.250
0.370
0.170
0.270
0.270
0.270
0.280
0.280
0.150
0. 150
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
2.250
2.250
3.130
2.440
2.590
2.59O
2.590
2.430
2.430
1.460
1.460
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.730
0.0
0.0
0.040
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.060
0.060
0.030
0.070
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
10.250
s.aso
S.430
5.430
4.750
2.950
4.880
3.060
3.060
1.820
1 .800
0.910
0.850
0.790
0.860
0.860
0.860
0.860
0.850
128.950
96 . 790
95.290
67.830
70 . 960
35.810
66 . 520
56.400
56.400
37 . 460
30.650
13.490
11 .710
9.840
11.060
11.010
10.96O
10.940
10.750
1 .960
2.910
2.110
2.030
2.400
2.030
.270
.270
.610
.570
.440
.280
.110
.020
.020
.010
.010
0.980
Nontampvrad basic exhaust emission rates m
11 , 150
8. 100
8.280
6.280
6. 100
4.300
6.230
4.460
4.460
2,570
2.550
1 .310
1 .250
1 . 190
1 .260
1 .260
1 .260
1 .260
1.250
140.200
106.040
110.940
100.030
83.910
48 . 760
79.470
68.550
68 . 550
44 . 760
37.950
17. 140
15.360
1 3 . 490
14.710
14.660
14.610
14.590
14.400
1 .960
2.910
2.310
2.180
2.550
2.180
1 .570
1.570
1.760
1.920
1.640
1 .480
1.310
1 .220
1.220
1.210
1.210
1 .180
grams/mile.
Zero mil* level in grams/milt,
Deterioration
Cumulative mi
rate in grams/ml
leage / 10.0OO ml
la/10K miles,
les.


DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-179
                                   TABLE 2.2,16

                            EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)
Model
Pol vears
HC Pre-1968
1968- 1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1991
1992*
CD Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973
1974
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979-198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Emission
OK
9.350
5.615
4,595
4.610
4.669
3.993
4, OSS
2.214
A . 144
2.342
1 .738
1 . 146
1 . 143
1 . 120
0.576
0.513
0.438
0.508
0.498
117.700
85.871
79.985
76.324
77.713
64.351
65.040
29.282
59.992
51.544
44.916
30.802
30.755
23.896
10.341
8.514
6.431
7.651
7,601
7.551
7.531
7.341
1.960
2.910
2.006
2.018
2. 181
2.551
2. 181
1.308
0.970
1 .460
1 .461
1.232
1.243
1.085
0.926
0.836
0.826
0.796
25K
9.800
6.244
5.524
5.044
5. 121
1.891
4.998
3. 135
5.065
3.292
2.584
1 .668
1 . 66O
1 .636
0.912
0.839
0.741
0.809
0.799
123.325
91 ,597
87.916
82.636
84 . 448
72.987
73.974
38. 115
68.825
60.030
52.571
36.069
35 . 944
29.114
13.650
11 .614
9. 189
10.382
10.332
10.282
10.262
10.072
1.960
2.910
2. 156
2. 174
2.414
2.784
2.414
1.635
1. 191
1.607
1.609
1 .472
1.422
1.269
1 , 147
1.023
1 .013
0.963
Rate (Grams/Mile)
	 50JK
10
6
€
. 5
5
5
5
4
6
4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
128
97
95
88
91
82
83
47
78
69
60
41
41
34
17
15
12
13
13
13
13
13
1
2
2
2
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
- 1
.250
.874
.454
478
.573
.850
.995
.110
.040
,317
.465
.227
.212
. 190
.284
.195
.068
.135
.125
.950
.323
.846
.948
. 184
.227
.551
.462
.172
.268
.748
.912
.688
.952
.558
.179
.319
.463
.412
.362
.342
.152
.960
.910
.306
.331
.647
.017
.647
.962
.461
.803
.806
.772
.652
.505
.425
.239
.239
.199
10
7
7
5
6
6
s
5
6
5
4
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
134
103
103
95
97
91.
92,
56,
87
78
69
47
47
40
21
18
15.
16,
16,
16.
16,
16,
1
2.
2
2,
2.
3.
2,
2.
1 .
2.
2.
2.
1 .
1 ,
1 .
1
1
1 .
75K
.700
503
.383
.912
.026
.781
,959
.055
.985
,310
369
,809
.786
.766
.677
.570
.411
476
.466
,575
049
.776
,260
.920
,206
,832
535
245
.206
. 142
,970
.635
.988
,651
,907
,557
,649
,599
.549
,529
339
.960
.910
456
487
,880
.250
,880
289
800
066
072
142
.951
,812
.777
489
479
449
_100K
1 1
8
8
6
6
7
7
5
7
6
5
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
140
108
111
101
104
100
102
65
96
87
77
54
53
47
25
22
18
19
19
19
19
19
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
. 150
. 133
.313
.346
.478
.711
.924
.999
.929
.303
.283
.400
.370
.350
.078
.954
.760
.823
.813
.200
.776
.706
.572
.655
.185
. 113
.608
.318
. 144
.628
. 116
.664
.097
.810
.700
.832
.872
.822
.772
.752
.562
.960
.910
.606
.643
. 113
.483
.113
.616
. 139
.331
.339
.513
.252
.130
. 134
.742
.732
.703
1 1
8
9
6
6
8
8
6
8
7
6
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
145
1 14
119
107
1 11
109
111
74
105
96
86
60
59
53
29
26
22
23
23
22
22
22
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
125K
.600
.762
.242
.780
.930
.642
.889
.944
.874
.295
.189
.983
.946
.926
.472
.331
. 105
. 165
. 155
.825
.502
.637
.884
.391
. 164
.393
.681
.391
.081
.040
.189
.624
. 141
.910
.439
.076
.065
.015
.965
.945
.755
.960
.910
.757
. eoo
.345
.715
.345
.944
.479
.596
.606
.883
.552
.428
.488
.992
.982
.952
150K
12.050
9.392
10. 172
7.214
7.382
9.552
9.835
7.881
9.811
8.257
7.090
4.562
4.518
4.500
2.863
2.705
2.446
2.505
2.495
151 .450
120.228
127.567
114.195
118.126
117.732
130.274
83.531
114.241
104.430
94.411
66.321
65.547
59.150
33.977
30.149
25 . 303
26.241
26.191
26.141
26. 131
25.931
1 .960
2.910
2.907
2.956
3.578
3.948
3.578
3.271
2.818
2.861
2-873
3.253
2.852
2.735
2.840
2.242
2.232
2.302
DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                  H-180
                              TABLE 2.2.2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
  Mode)
  Years

 Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
  1971
1972-1976
  1977
1978-1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
— RVP - 9.0 psi —
Crankcase Hot Soak Diurnal
(Gm/Mile) (Gm/Test) (Gm/Test)
5-29 19-07 33-90
1.03 19-07 33-90
o.o 19.07 33.90
0.0 U».l8 21.16
0.0 lit. 07 17.15
0.0 t
5.27 8.98
0.0 6.37 13.36
o.o ;
0.0 1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
J-50 7.73
.76 3-89
.76 3.89
.75 3-86
.69 3-73
.50 3-30
.30 2.8k
.25 2.75
.25 2.7**
.25 2.69
.25 2.69
.22 2.63
— RVP -
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
29.18
29.18
29.18
20.99
20.96
12.32
11.15
7.91
3.97
3.97
3.97
3-87
3.60
3.33
3.21
3.22
3-31
3-32
3.29
11.5 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
62.39
62.39
62.39
50.15
^•93
23-53
36.85
37-69
18.95
18.98
18.82
18.19
16.11
13-87
13-^3
13-35
13. n»
13.11
12.82
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+
* Hot Soak emissions * 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to 8AF one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-181
Fuel  RVP
Model
Years
                                   TABLE 2.2.2B

                            TAMPERING OFFSETS FOR TOTAL
                      CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HC EMISSIONS*
                                 FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                           AT VARIOUS MILEAGE INTERVALS

OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Tamper i
25K^
0.0
0.01
0.03
0.0k
0.0k
0.05
0.05
0.03
0.0k
0.01*
0.01*
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0k
0.0
0.01
0.06
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.0?
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06
ng Offset (Grams/Mile)**
50K
0.0
0.02
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.12
0.12
0.08
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.0
0.02
0.15
0.13
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.13
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
_Z£JL
0.0
0.0k
0.13
0.11*
0.15
0.20
0.20
0.13
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.0
0.0k
0.23
0.20
0.23
0.25
0.25
0.20
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.21*
0.2k
0.2k
100K
0.0
0.05
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.27
0.27
0.18
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.0
0.05
0.32
0.28
0.32
0.3A
0.3**
0.28
O.liO
O.kO
0.1*0
0-39
0.37
0.3*1
0.31*
o.$k
0.33
0.33
0.33
125K
0.0
0.06
0.23
0.2k
0.26
0.35
0.31*
0.23
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.0
0.06
0.41
0.36
0.1*1
0.1.3
0.1*3
0.35
0.51
0.51
0.50
0.1.9
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.1*3
0.1*3
O.i«2
0.1*2
0.1*2
150K
0.0
0.08
0.28
0.30
0.31
0.42
0.1*2
0.28
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.31*
0.3*»
0-33
0.33
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.0
0.08
0.1*9
0.1*3
0.50
0-53
0.52
0.1*3
0.61
0.62
0.61
0.60
0.56
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.51
0.51
0.51
   9.0    Pre-1967
         1967-1969
           1970
         1971-1975
           1976
         1977-1978
           1979
           1980
           1981
           1982
           1983
           1984
           1985
           1986
           1987
           1988
           1989
           1990
           199H
  11.5    Pre-1967
         1967-1969
           1970
         1971-1975
           1976
         1977-1978
           1979
           1980
           1981
           1982
           1983
           1981*
           1985
           1986
           1987
           1988
           1989
           1990
           1991+

     * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
       Diurnal  temperature rise from 60.0 to 81*.OF,
       Fuel  RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank level of  1*0.0%.

    ** Based on averages of k.2k trips per day and 29.05 miles per day.

     DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1971
1971-1977
1978-1980
  1981 +
                                  H-182

                              TABLE 2.2.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
Fuel  RVP
  (psi)
Emission Rate (Grams/Mile)
     87.OF       95.OF
7-0
9-0
10.1*
11.7
7.0
9.0
10.4
11.7
7-0
9-0
10. it
11.7
7-0
9-0
10.1*
11.7
0.36
0.58
1 .06
2.88
0.30
O.i»9
0.85
2.15
0.21*
0.39
0.68
1.72
0.05
0.07
0.13
0.36
0.52
1.50
2.70
3-85
0.1+9
1.15
2.01*
2.85
0.1*2
1.20
1 .70
2.30
0.06
0.13
0.30
0.1*7
1.13
2.62
4.00
8.20
1.01*
2.37
2.96
5.97
0.97
2.21
2.38
4.79
0.18
0.42
0.50
1.03
2.16
4.81
5-63
13-64
1.60
3.60
4.10
9.87
1.39
2.88
3-23
7-90
0.20
0.62
0.75
1.73
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-183

                             TABLE  2.2.2D

                       REFUELING  EMISSIONS*  FOR
                             HIGH ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS


Model Fuel
Years _Jmi
Pre-1971
1971
1972
1973-197A
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1 1985
'1986-1987
1988
1989-1991
1992
1993-1997
1998+


Economy
les/aal)
11.1
10.7
10.8
10.6
11.9
12.3
13-3
13.0
12.6
15-7
17-0
17-3
17-6
17.2
17-3
18.0
17-7
-17-8
17-8
17-7
17.6


Uncontrol led
Jjjrams/mi le)
0.52
0.51*
0.53
0.51*
0.1*8
0.1*7
0.1*3
O.M*
O.U6
0-37
0.3*»
0-33
0.33
0.31*
0-33
0.32
0-33
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
With
Volati 1 ity
Control**
(orams/mi le)
0.52
0.5*
0.53
0.51*
0.1*8
0.47
0.1*3
0.1*1.
O.U6
0.37
0.3i»
0.33
0.33
0.3^
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.26
0.26
0.26

With
Onboard**
(arams/mi le)
0.52
0.51*
0.53
0.5A
0.1*8
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.1*1*
0.1*6
0-37
0.31*
0.33
0.33
0.3i»
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.32
o.oi*
O.Olt
Wi th both
Volati 1 ity
and Onboard**
Jorams/mi le)
0.52
0.51*
0.53
0.51*
0.1*8
0.1*7
0.1*3
0.1*1*
0.1*6
0.37
0.31*
0.33
0.33
0.31*
0.33
0.32
0.33
0.32
0.03
0.03
0.03
* Refueling Emissions  fg/mi)
  + Spillage  (g/gal)] / Fuel
                             • [Displacement  (g/gal)
                             Economy  (mi/gal).
** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with 7-0/7.8/9.0 RVP fuels
   for ASTM class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed to start  in  1993.
   and apply to LDGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                             H- 184

                                         TABLE 2.2.3

                        HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
rnoaei
Pol Years
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
CO Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Zero Mi le
97.80
45.60
42.60
44 .40
19.80
9.00
18.00
23.90
18.55
11 .95
9.51
4.90
5. 11
4. 10
6.54
6.53
6.52
6.51
6. 17
958.80
674.40
775.80
839 . 40
465.60
180.00
363.00
697.67
524.04
352. 11
294 . 65
66.97
50.77
44. 4O
75.06
73.85
72.62
72.25
67.62
6.60
5.40
4.20
3.98
7.34
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1.61
50,000 Mile
106.80
63.60
63.60
56.40
37.80
27.00
36.00
51 .06
45.89
27.29
26.64
12.62
12.73
1 1 .68
14.19
14 . 18
14. 17
14. 16
13.84
1078.80
863.40
1039.80
1067.40
68 1 . 60
396.00
579 . 00
927.98
785.45
516.37
450.27
139.75
123.06
114.62
140.26
139.04
137.77
137.37
132.57
6.60
5.40
4.20
3.98
7.34
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1.61
                                               Emission Rate (Grams/Hour)
                                                	       	 In-use Level" 	
                                                                    50.OOP Mile    100.000 Mile
• In-use •mission level include* tampering.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989
10O.OOO Ml1<

    115.80
     81,60
     84.60
     68,40
     55.80
     45.00
     54.00
     76.92
     72.77
     41 .93
     41.68
     20. 11
     20. 19
     19.11
     21.65
     21.64
     21. S3
     21 .62
     21.29

   1198.80
   1052.40
   1303.80
   1295.40
    897.60
    612.00
    798.00
   1136.67
   1021.56
    661.56
    589.55
    208.82
    191.04
    181.32
    205.11
    203.88
    202.60
    202.17
    197.29

      6.60
      5.40
      4.20
      3.98
      7.34
      7.37
      7.62
      6.96
      2.00
       1.73
       1.66
       1.65
       1.61
                                                                       112.07
                                                                        68.87
                                                                        68.87
                                                                        61.67
                                                                        43.07
                                                                        32.27
                                                                        41.27
                                                                        56.34
                                                                        51.16
                                                                        32.57
                                                                        31 .92
                                                                        17,89
                                                                        18.01
                                                                        16.96
                                                                        19.47
                                                                        19.46
                                                                        19.45
                                                                        19.44
                                                                        19. 11

                                                                      1109.08
                                                                       893.68
                                                                      1070.08
                                                                      1097.68
                                                                       711,88
                                                                       426.28
                                                                       609.28
                                                                       958.25
                                                                       815.73
                                                                       546.65
                                                                       480.55
                                                                       170.02
                                                                       153.34
                                                                       144.89
                                                                       170.54
                                                                       169.31
                                                                       168.05
                                                                       167.64
                                                                       162.85

                                                                         6.61
                                                                         5.41
                                                                         4.21
                                                                         3.99
                                                                         7.35
                                                                         7.38
                                                                         7.63
                                                                         6.97
                                                                         2.01
                                                                         1 .74
                                                                         1 .67
                                                                         1.66
                                                                         1.62
 127.26
  93.06
  96.06
  79.86
  67.26
  56.46
  65.46
  88.38
  84.23
  53.39
  53. 14
  31 .57
  31.65
  30.57
  33, 11
  33. 10
  33.09
  33.08
  32.75

1267.47
1121.07
1372.47
1364.07
 966.27
 680.67
 863,67
1205.35
1090.23
 730.23
 658.22
 277.50
 259.72
 250.00
 273.78
 272.56
 271.28
 270.85
 26S.97
   6.62
   5.42
    .22
    .00
    .36
    .39
    .64
4
4
7
7
7
6.98
2
     02
     75
     68
     67
   1.63
                                                                                                       I

-------
                                 H-185
                             TABLE 2.2.*A

                         REGISTRATION MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             HIGH ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
0.070
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
1561*0.
11*590.
13610.
12696.
1181*3.
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
1561*0.
15377-
1*3*5.
13381.
12*83.
1955-
11697-
26552.
1*01*09.
53335-
                                                  Jan  1
 Model      July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage
 Year    Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
                    (per truck  *)	(fleet)
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 11*
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                                       Jan 1
                                      Mi leage
                                    Accumulation
                                       (fleet)
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
o.osi

0.0*7
0.0*1
0.036
0.031
0.026

0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.0**
110*8.
10306.
 961*.
 8968.
 8366.

 7801*.
 7280.
 6791.
 6335-
 5909.

 5512.
 5142.
 4797.
 1*1*75.
 *17*.
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051

0.0i»7
0.01*1
0.036
0.031
0.026

0.021
0.016
o.oii
0.007
0.0**
116**.
10862.
10133-
 91»52.
 8817-

 8225.
 7673.
 7158.
 6677.
 6229.

 5810.
 51*19-
 5056.
 1*716.
 1*1*00.
 65393-
 7661*2.
 87135-
 96923-
106051*.

111*572.
122517-
129929.
13681*3.
11*3293-

11*9310.
151*922.
160157-
165041.
169597-
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE**  user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles  in  any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January  1,
      where:  JMAR(l) * MAR(1) and.
            JMAR(MYI) - .25*MAR(MYI)  + .75*MAR(MYI-1) , MYI  - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                 H-186

             TABLE 2.2.4C

TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
             HIGH ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
                           Miles per Day

                                42.85
                                42.13
                                39-30
                                3^.66
                                34.20
                                31-90
                                29.76
                                27-76
                                25.90
                                24.16
                                22.54
                                21.02
                                19.61
                                18.29
                                17.06
                                15-92
                                14.85
                                13.85
                                12.92
                                12.05
   The  indices refer to the most recent model
   year vehicles  in any given calendar year.
   Index  1 references the newest model year
   vehicles and  index 20+ references  the oldest
   model  year vehicles.
 DATE  : MAY  19,  1989
Model Year
1 ndex*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+
Trips per Day
4.66
4.60
4.54
4.48
4.43
4.37
4.31
4.25
4.19
4.13
4.08
4.02
3-96
3-90
3.84
3.78
3-72
3-67
3-61
3-55

-------
                                       H-18?

                                   TABLE 2.2.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION  FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
                                 JANUARY 1, 1988
            (A)        (B)           (C-A*B/DAF)        (D)
Model  LDT1 Fleet   Sales             LDGT1    Annual Mileage
Years Regi strati on Fraction  (A*BI Regi stration  Accrual Rate
                                                             (C*D/TFNORM)
                                                                Travel
                                                         (C*D) Fractions
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
197*
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
0.973
0.991
0.980
0.989
0-974
0.958
0-908
0.918
0.952
0.985
0.990
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.023
0.091
0.086
0.082
0.075
0.069
0.061
0.057
0.051*
0.050
0.01*7
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
O.Oltfc
0.021*
0.098
0.093
0.088
0.081
0.074
0.066
0.061
0.058
0.054
0.050
O.OU4
0.039
0.033
0.028
0.023
0.017
0.012
0.008
0.047
15640.
15377-
14345-
13381.
12483.
11644.
10862.
10133-
9452.
8817.
8225-
7673-
7158.
6677.
6229.
5810.
5419.
5056.
4716.
4400.
382.6
1510.8
1333-2
1183-7
1008.9
865-5
712.1
621.5
552.8
477-3
412.4
339.0
277-7
223-1
174-5
131-5
93.4
59-9
35-6
208.6
0.036
0.142
0.126
0.112
0.095
0.082
0.067
0.059
0.052
0.045
0.039
0.032
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.012
0.009
0.006
0.003
0.020
                       DAF: 0.929
                                              TFNORM:  10604.2
WHERE

  A
  B
  D

NOTE :
 - January 1  registration mix from Table 2.2.4A,
 * Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
 - Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.2.4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
for almost every model year.
DATE  : MAY  19.  1989

-------
                                             H-188

                                         TABLE 2 2.6A

                    SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                             LIGHT DUTV GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                               + SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(sadJ)

                  SF(s)  = EXP(A + B*S + C*S**2+ D*S**3+ E*s**4+ F*s'*5) ,  HC & CO
                        = A * B*s + C*S**2+ D*s**3+ E*s**4 + F+s**5. NOx
Pollutant
and
Model Years
HC
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
CO
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
NOx
Pre- 1968
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
* WHERE :


O
O
O
0
O
0
0
O

O
O
0
O
0
0
O
O

o
0
o
0
o
o
o
o
A

.224612E+OI
.2O2779E+O1
.215056E+O1
.223021E+OI
.21223OE+O1
.21S361E+01
.21134OE+O1
.23954OE+O1

. 1B1978E+O1
. 186919E+O1
. 182133E+O1
.2O1421E+O1
.2O4533E+01
.23186BE+O1
.215487E+O1
.248747E+O1

.244424E+O1
. 16B656E+OI
. 155777EKM
.2O4516E+O1
. 163262E+OI
. 144825E+O1
. 153447E+01
. 94213tE+OO
B

-0.29O973E+00
-O.273O49E+OO
-O.28362OE+OO
-O.293648E+OO
-0.291O72E+OO
-O.283451C+OO
-0.285676E+OO
-O. 33578 1E+OO

-O-254663E+OO
-O.276679E+OO
-O.272O54E+OO
-O.295186E+OO
-0.31O618E+OO
-0.341147EKK)
-O.329116E+OO
-O.391562E+OO

-O.25OIO7E+OO
-O. 16I289E+OO
-O. 1 13O32E+OO
-O. 194O14E+OO
-O. 12t86(E+OO
-0. 122444E+OO
-O. 125671E*OO
-0.42324OE-O1


O.
O.
O.
O.
O.
0.
O.
0.

O.
0.
0.
0.
O.
0.
O.
0.

O.
O.
0.
O.
0.
o.
0.
o.
C

15BB90E-O1
153577E-O1
153B36E-01
162356E-O1
169OB9E-OI
156948E-O1
1631BOE-O1
2116O9E-O1

152347E-01
172335E-O1
17O3O4E-O1
1B6353E-O1
2O4852E-O1
2O9446E-O1
21O112E-O1
27O721E-O1

138293E-O1
904995E-O2
671832E-O2
110736E-O1
7O3O2OE-O2
795O24E-O2
785919E-O2
386253E-O2


-0.
-O.
-0.
-O.
-o.
-O.
-O.
-O.

-O.
-0.
-O.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.

-o.
-o.
-0.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
-o.
D

472494E-O3
460304E-O3
442136E-O3
484148E-O3
526148E-O3
4697S9E-O3
500793 E -03
73I550E-O3

487397E-O3
558279E-O3
552O21E-O3
6216O6E-O3
7O8527E-O3
66589 1E-O3
68905 7E-O3
976178E-O3

287O25E-03
1B5609E-03
1434O9E-03
231754E-O3
146293E-O3
171O78E-O3
169428E-O3
939853E-04


O
O
0
O
0
O
O
O

O
O
O
0
O
O
O
O

O
0
O
0
O
0
0
0
E

.694077E-05
.67B527E-O5
.62B732E-O5
7 1 1 59 1 E -O5
.8O2705E-O5
693832E-O5
.755067E-O5
. 12O715E-O4

. 7582O7E-05
87I678E-05
. 86254 3E -O5
.993657E-05
. 116215E-04
. 1O2225E-O4
. 10839OE-O4
. 16527OE-04

.2O7585E-O5
. 132555E-O5
106O79E-O5
. 16B372E-O5
. 1O614IE-O5
. 125777E-O5
. I25494E-O5
. 753883E-O6


-o.
-O.
-O.
-O.
-0.
-O
-0.
-O.

-O.
-0
-O.
-O
-O.
-o.
-O.
-0.

O.
0.
O.
O.
O
O.
O.
0.
F

392798E-O7
3B488OE-07
34631 1E-O7
40286 IE -07
4701 17E-O7
394707E-07
437187E-O7
748567E-O7

4495 14E-O7
51698OE-O7
51144OE-O7
599779E-O7
71569OE-O7
598265E-O7
647125E-O7
tO4317E-06

0
0
O
0
O
O
0
0
s • average speed (mph).
sadj = basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction


and
fract Ion of hot
start operation
w. ( I/sad]
=
of cold start
(w+x)/26 * (
opera t Ion
1-w-x>/16] .
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                H-189

                            TABLE 2.2,SB

             SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                            HIGH ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                  • SCF(s,sadj) * SF(s)/SF(sadj)

                    SF(s) - A/S * 6, HC & CO
                          - EXPIA + B»S + C-S«*2). NOx
Pollutant Speed
   HC
           Low
Model
Years
1979-1980
1981
1982
1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Coefficient
A
41.27921
14.50530
13. 13510
13.72850
12.87590
12.29910
6.03710
5.02670
4 . 79940
4 . 76780
4.73310
4 . 72990
4.59730
e c
0.0
0,0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.03723
-0.01687
-0.01228
-0.01165
-0.01095
-0.01088
-0.00821
          High
                   1979*
   CO
   NOx
          High

           All
                   1979+
                     8.10000
                                             0.0
LOW 1979-1960
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
563.51440
168.89410
147.47639
158.07001
145.32240
137.36800
43 . 39830
30.59711
27.71680
27,31670
26.87669
26.83670
25.15649
-3.44034
0.72193
0 . 80430
0.75053
0.77799
0.76426
1.33132
2 . 35788
2 . 58886
2 . 62094
2 . 65622
2.65943
2.79417
                    60.00000
                                              0.0
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
1.04330
0.24736
0.22790
0.24101
0.23298
0.23289
-0.03836
-0.07312
-0.08094
-0.08203
-O. 08323
-0.08333
-0.08790
-0.026082
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0 . 026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
0.00042835
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . 00020485
0 . 00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
• WHERE:
s    * average speed (mpn).
sadj • basic test procedure spaed: adjusted for fraction
       of cold start operation x and fraction of hot
       start operation w, [1/sadJ • (*H-x)/26 «• d-w-x)/i6],
 Low • average speed < 19.6 mpn.
High * average speed > 19.6 mpn.
DATE  : MAY  19,  1989

-------
                              H-190
                          TABLE 2.2.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
             • TCF( 1) - TC( 1)"(T
            TCF(b) = EXP [  TC(D)'
                          -  75.0).  1981* CO,
                          (T -  75.0)  ].  all  others
Pol   Model  Years  Test Segment 1  Test Segment 2  T_e_gj_ Segment 3
HC
CO
NOx
 Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992-t-

 Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+

 Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
197S-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+
  WHERE
-0.20623E-01
-0.24462E-01
-0.21255E-01
-0.21427E-01
-0.23517E-01
-0.26820E-01
-0.32775E-01
-0.32082E-01
-0.33863E-01
-0.29645E-01
-0.29076E-01
-0.28850E-01
-0.28022E-01
-0.27909E-01
-0.27350E-01

-0.134871-01
-0.21126E-01
-0.208436-01
   19091E-01
  .24835E-01
   1244BE+01
   130956+01
   12840E+01
   10914E+01
  .980426+00
-0.973606+00
-0.96563E+00
-0.92922E+00
-0.92410E+00
-0.909316+00
                    -0,
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                     0.
                    -0.
-0.16897E-03
-0.250746-03
  .388SSE-02
  .455O4E-04
-0.760446-02
-0.19000E-02
-0.454796-02
-0.47657E-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.432586-02
-0.432586-02
-0.432586-02
-0.432SBE-02
-0.43258E-02
-0.43258E-02
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0,
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
                                    -0.
-0.24032E-02
-0.32017E-02
  .52755E-03
  .394426-03
  .88057E-02
-0.75815E-02
-0.83176E-02
  .85130E-02
  .75333E-02
  .86205E-02
  .9O614E-02
  .90467E-02
-0.87314E-02
-0.86831E-02
-0.8B233E-02

 0.1S784E-02
-0.152B9E-02
-0.599516-02
-0.42373E-03
-0.88336E-02
   12478E-01
   14584E-01
   14584E-01
   13812E-01
   15565E-01
-0.16234E-01
-0.16220E-01
-0.15787E-01
-0.15721E-01
-0.15947E-01
-0.
-0.
-0.
-0.
-0.
 0.8924SE-02
 0.59791E-02
 0.241566-02
 0.12575E-02
 0.680456-02
 0.616566-02
 0.74823E-02
 0.698906-02
 0.89681E-02
 0.76241E-02
 0.74160E-02
 0.73506E-02
 0.713516-02
 0.71061E-02
 0.692B5E-02
                 0.
                 0.
                -0.
-0.10081E-02
-O.B6884E-03
  .93659E-03
  .49731E-02
   16222E-02
-0.51660E-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.90264E-02
-0.60835E-02
-0.70376E-02
-0.74167E-02
-0.740S8E-02
-0.71430E-02
-0.71027E-02
-0.72259E-02
                 0.
                 0,
                 0.
-0.
-0.
   11097E-02
   1S749E-02
   182536-02
 0.57982E-02
-0.11553E-02
-0.74106E-02
   11371E-01
   11371E-01
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.907776-02
-0.90777E-02
-0.90777E-02

-0.725806-02
-0.62690E-02
-0.21188E-02
-0.531536-03
-0. 541986-02
-0.49643E-O2
-0.908826-02
-0.90882E-02
-0.94839E-02
-0.863556-02
-0.858336-02
-0.8S224E-02
-0.82440E-02
-O.B2048E-02
-0.80917E-02
    TCF(b) • LOW temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature (< 75F), and model year, for test segment b.
    T      • Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)  * Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year, for test segment D.

NOTE :  The low temperature correction factor  is used  m conjunction with
       the correction factor given  in Table  2.2.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
   CO
  NOx
                                         H-191

                                     TABLE 2.2.7B

                HIGH (> 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                            AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION FACTORS °6FFICIENTS
                                   FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                  rare', TCF(t>) * Exp t  TC(b)-(T - 75.0) ]  Pre-
                  TRCF(b)  . EXP [  RC(b).(RVP - 9.0) * TC(0)^T
                            + TRC(b)-(RVP - 9.0)"(T - 75.0) ].
£21  Moael Years

 HC    Pre-1968
      1968-1969
      1970-1971
      1972-1974
      1975-1980
      1981-1985
          1986-
         Pre-1968
        1968-1969
        1970-1971
        1972-1974
        1975-1980
        1981-1985
          1986'
             1968
        1968-1972
        1973-1974
        1975-1978
        1979-1980
        1981-1985
         1986+
   WHERE :

     TCF(b) -

     T       .
     TC(b)   -

     TRCF(b)-
    RC(B)   .

    RVP     *
    TRC(b)  -
                                Test Saortmnt 1   Test SeaiMnt
                        TC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC
                     RC
                     TC
                    TRC

                     TC
                    RC
                    TC
                   TRC
                    RC
                    TC
                   TRC

                    TC
                    RC
                    TC
                   TRC
                    RC
                    TC
                   TRC
 -0.14381E-01
 -0.125526-01
 -0.10888E-01
 -0.66107E-02
 -0.14095E-01
  0.91402E-01
  0.44270E-02
  0.29466E-02
  0.23202E-01
  0.0
  0.0

 -0.14691E-01
 -0.38767E-01
 -0.211656-01
 -0.131466-01
 -0.19612E-01
 0.91345E-01
 0.62182E-02
 0.0
 0.40748E-01
 0.351TOE-02
 0.0

 0.388416-02
-0.10389E-02
-0.18301E-01
-0.71420E-02
-0.261636-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.142196-01
 0.0
 0.0
  0, 13219E-02
  0.42667E-02
 -0.47925E-03
  0.26288E-02
  0.26179E-01
  0.420GOE-01
  0.48358E-02
  0.0
  0. 15373E-I-00
  0.86550E-02
  0.0

  0.37462E-02
  0.8468SE-02
  0.23603E-01
  0.24717E-01
  0.48537E-01
  0.13968E+00
  0.14943E-01
  0.0
 0.26214E+OO
 0.14966E-01
 0.56416E-02

-0.87325E-02
-0.92466E-02
-0.10925E-01
-0.87910E-02
-0.186036-01
-0.40024E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.27491E-O1
 0.37789E-02
 0.0
1981
-  75.0)
1981 +

Test Segment  3

    0.34799E-02
    0.75843E-02
    0.76666E-02
    0.12320E-01
    0.24297E-01
    0.93179E-01
    0.74688E-02
    0.472766-02
    0.13263E+00
    0.83730E-02
    0,56009E-02

    0.110146-01
   0.25179E-01
   0.284836-01
   0.25848E-01
   0.314396-01
   0.16322E+00
   0.14923E-01
   0.0
   0.232186+00
   0.20695E-01
   0.82344E-02

  -0.10839E-01
  -0,10108E-01
  -0.180426-01
  -0.754706-02
  -0.20878E-01
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
DATE ;  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-192
                                TABLE 2.2.7C

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
Model
»oi vears
HC Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
CO Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1968
1968-1972
1973-1974
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Normalizes Fractions
Test Segment i Test Segment 2 Test Segment

1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
2





1
1
1
1
1









1
B1
.2820
.3450
.3450
.3980
.8560
.0914
.7957
.8662
.2436
.2304
.2688
.2349
.2349
.2349
.2349
.3023
.2770
.4420
.5530
.5730
.9020
.0939
.6454
.5738
.4554
.2307
.6508
.5788
.5680
.5572
.5559
.5064
.1210
.1990
.2620
.2960
.3666
.3033
.0029
.1665
.2408
.3532
.3974
.3976
,4113
.4113
.4452

0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0,
0.
0,
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
-0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
01
0250 0
0740 0
1780 0
0600 0
3450 0
4073 0
1898 0
2721 0
2100 0
2289 0
2603 0
2579 0
2579 0
2579 0
2579 0
2623 0
0330 1
0710 0
1090 0
0540 0
1700 0
3129 0
1633 0
2181 0
1471 0
1795 0
2342 0
1945 0
1958 0
1973 0
1974 0
2028 0
0090 0
0040 0
0220 0
0120 0
0444 0
0061 0
1343 0
0724 0
0833 0
0990 0
1O94 0
1103 0
1114 0
1114 0
1151 0
B2
.9730
.9460
.9190
.8850
.7650
.6714
.4428
.6530
.2334
.2289
.2025
.€304
.6304
.6304
.6304
.6120
.0170
.9960
.9330
.9020
.8500
.6695
.4526
.3799
.2186
.3032
.4456
.8083
.8134
.8179
.8182
.8408
.7850
D2
0.0280
0.0540
0. 1180
0.0550
0.2340
0.2752
0.2024
0.2902
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.0290
0.0420
0.0790
0.0790
0.1510
0.1805
0. 1020
0.1362
0.0914
0.1115
0.1455
0.1209
0.1216
0.1226
0.1226
0.1260
0.0010
.7930-0.0020
.7700
.7810
.7444
.8077
.9223
.6849
.8611
.8351
.8384
.8336
.8294
.8294
.8185
O.OO40
0.0040
0.0278
0.0184
0.0356
0.0161
0.0185
0.0220
0.0243
0.0245
0.0246
0.0248
0.0256
B3
0.8390
0.8420
O.S940
0.9190
0.8030
0.8035
0.7084
0.2540
0.7701
0.7885
0.8100
0.7736
0.7736
0.7736
0.7736
0.7577
0.7580
0.6740
0.7110
0.7550
0 . 6060
0.7671
0.8032
0.9959
0.6385
0.6465
0.6615
0.9291
0.9275
0.9271
0.9274
0.9216
D3
0.0190
0.0480
0.0930
0.0360
0.1960
0,2972
0. 1645
0.2358
0. 1633
0. 1781
0.2025
0.2006
0.2006
0.2006
0.2006
0 . 2040
0.0250
0.0330
0 . 0380
0.0290
0.1050
0. 1479
0. 1076
O. 1436
0 , 097 1
0. 1185
0. 1546
0.1284
0. 1292
0.1302
0.1303
0.1339
.3190-0.0090
.2450
.2420
.1950
.2111
.1381
.1461
.0941
1 . 0834
1.0672
1.0085
1 .0175
1 .0151
1 ,0151
1 .0104
0.0060
0.0270
0.0160
0.0333
0.0245
0.0537
0.0322
0.0370
0.0440
0.0486
0 . 0490
0.0495
0.0495
0.0512
3
Total Test
BO
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
DO
0.0249
0.0565
0. 1235
0 . 0508
0.2465
0 . 3082
0. 1898
0.2721
0. 1867
0 . 2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.0287
0.0455
0.0740
0.0602
0.1423
0.1985
0. 1163
0. 1553
0. 1043
0. 1272
0.1660
0. 1379
0.1387
0 . 1 398
0.1399
0.1438
.0000-0.0001
. 0000-0 . 0002
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
0.0140
0.0089
0.0333
0.0184
0.0627
0.0322
0.0370
0.0440
0 . 0486
0 . 0490
0 . 0495
0.0495
0.0512
NOTE :  The fractions glv«n m this taoie arc used  in ttic calculation of  the
       operating-mode/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)

            M

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989
[(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/DENOM],
   W   -TCF(1)-(B1+01*M).
(1-W-X)-TCF(2)»(B2-t-D2-M),
   X   •TCF(3)*(B3+D3*M).
BO + DO»M,
Fraction of VMT in tit* cold start mod*.
Fraction of VMT m the  hot start mode.
Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
year, for test segment b.
Cumulative mileage / 10.000 miles.

-------
                                     H-193

                                 TABLE 2.2.8A

              AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                                 HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I

                      * ACCF- U*V*(A + B*(T-75)  -1)  + 1
   Model
   Years
                 B
                                 CO
                                        B
                                                                   NOx
                                                               B
  Pre-1975  0.1023E+01 0.33W»E-02  0.1202E-K)1 0.l8o8E-02  0.1299E+01
   1975+    O.lOOOE-i-01 0.3512E-02  0.1130E+01 0.1528E-02  0.1221E-I-01 0.4262E-03
* WHERE :

    ACCF
    V
    U

    01
    DILO
    DIHI
    DB
    WB
    T
Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given  in Table 2.2.8B,
Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using  it -  (Dl-DlLO)/ (DIHI-01),
Discomfort index -  (DB+WB)*.4+15,
The highest discomfort index where no AC  is used,
The lowest discomfort  index where all vehicles with AC use
Dry bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Wet bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                                                            it,
                              TABLE 2.2.8B

                          ESTIMATED FRACTION  OF
                              HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS
                      EQUIPPED WITH AIR CONDITIONING
Model
Years
Pre-1977
1977
1978+
Fraction Equipped
With Air Conditioning
0.32
0-52
0.39
                      DATE  :  NAY  19,  1989

-------
                 TABLE 2.2.8C

  EXTRA LOAD CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I

          * XLCF -  (XLC-1)*U + 1
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-197*
1975+
Coefficients
HC CO
1.0786
1.01*95
1.0852
1.0556
1.0556
.2765
.1381.
.2*78
.13*7
.13*7
.3058
(XLC)
NOx
0.9535
1.0313
1.0313
1.0313
1.0753
1.0719
* WHERE
      XLCF « Extra  load correction factor,
      U    - Fraction of VMT with an extra  load,
      XLC  - Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 2.2.80

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I

           * TTCF -  (TTC-1)*U + 1
Model Coefficients (TTC)
Years HC CO NOx
Pre-1968
1968-1969
1970-1971
1972
1973-197**
1975+
.26li»
.2762
.1*598
.7288
.7288
• 5909
1.9327
1.891*0
2.i»753
2. 11*11*
2.11*11*
3-9722
.1181*
.1381*
.1381*
.1384
.2170
1.3875
* WHERE
    TTCF - Trailer towing correction factor,
    U    - Fraction of VMT towing a trailer,
    TTC  • Correction factor coefficient.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                          H-195

                                      TABLE 2.2.9A

                              TAMPERING AND MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
   Area
Model
Years
Non-i/M  Pre-1981
System
           1981+
With I/M Pre-1981
           1981+
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both  Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both  Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both  Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel  Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both  Cannister & Cap

Zero Mile
Level
0.2155
0.226?
0.1037
0.1462
-0.0375
0.1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
-0.0274
-0.0100
-0.0139
0.0087
0.0231
0.0316
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.0437
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
-0.0044
0.0085
0.0068
0.0059
0.0097
0.0156
-0.0068
•0.0186
-0.0213

Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.02619
0.02074
0.01374
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
0.00874
0.00618
0.00370
0.00380
0.00554
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484

Det.
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.00380
0.0055^
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
50.000
Mile
Level
0.347
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.104
0.094
0.055
0.055
0.013
0.067
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
0.039
0.039
0.025
0.025
0.037
0.062
0.009
0.049
0.053
100,000
Mile
Level
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.235
0.207
0.164
0.101
0.002
0.103
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
0.117
0.206
0.079
0.044
0.065
0.109
0.025
0.116
0.127
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                      H-196

                                  TABLE 2.2.9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING AND/OR MISFUELING
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
Type of Tampering
   Emi ssion
Control  System
Pollutant
Excess Emissions
FTP  Bag 1  Bag 2
(g/mi)  Idle
Bag 3 (q/hr)
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0xidation 3 way


otal Misfueled Oxidation

3way /Oxidation 3 way


EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1975
1975-1978
1979-1987
1988+
NOx
NOx
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
1
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
3
1
• 37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.04
.7^
•52
.47
.96
.41*
.57
-57

.21
• 31
.if 8
.23
.39
.99
1.80
34.67
1


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

i
3
4
1
3
2
.36


.80


.31
.40
.80
• 32
.49
.30
• 50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.11
.36
.02
.12
1.37
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
l
• 90
.76


.21


.40
.97
.25
.11
• 36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.45

.96
.63
.68
.19
.46
.85
1
.04
21.28
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
4
4
1
3
2
.61


.25


• 95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
.37
.74

• 54
.21
.53
.21
.55
.16
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
14
9
14
0







.38
.08

.97
.71

.43
.29
.83
.82
.83
.82
.31
.70
.18
.70
.18
-13







 DATE  :  MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                   H-197
                               TABLE 2.2.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
   Model
   Years
  Excess
Crankcase
(Cm/Hile)
PCV System Disabled

 1964-1977        1.28
 1978-1979        1.27
   1980           1.24
   198K          1.23

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1976
   1977
 1978-1980
   1981+ CARB
   1981+ FINJ

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1971
   1971
 1972-1976
   1977
 1978-1980
   1981+ CARB
   1981+ FINJ
— RVP -  g.O psi  —
Hot Soak     Diurnal
(Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)
— RVP - 11.5 psi  —
Hot Soak     Diurnal
(Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)
19.07
19.07
19.07
14.67
17.28
8.45
6.76
42.15
42.15
31.79
24.45
25.22
23.15
24.88
29.18
29.18
29.18
22.45
24.05
18.00
11.70
93.10
93.10
70.20
54.00
55-71
51.13
54.94
19.07
19-07
19.07
14.67
17.28
0.0
6.76
42.15
42.15
31.79
24.45
25.22
23.15
24.88
29.18
29.18
29.18
22.45
24.05
0.0
11.70
93.10
93-10
70.20
54.00
55.71
51.13
54.94
 * Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
   Diurnal emissions • 60 to 84F one hour heat build.
   No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

 DATE :  MAY 19, 19&9

-------
                          H-198

                      TABLE  2.2.90

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING  LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR  HIGH ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED  TRUCKS
Fuel RVP
(PSi)
Cannister D
7-0
9.0
10. 4
11.7
Hissing Fue
7-0
9-0
10.4
11.7
80. OF
isconnect
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.5i»
1 Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
Emission Race
87. OF

0.1*2
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.84
1.85
3.43
17.28
(Grams/Mi le)
95. OF

0.90
2.04
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
44.93
10?. OF

1.85
4.29
4.97
n-97

2.44
15.58
28.51
44.93
ft Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 1971+ model year
  vehicles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                             H-199

                         TABLE 2.2.10A

                       METHANE OFFSETS*
                       FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
  Model                     Methane Offsets (g/mi)
  Years              FTP       Baa 1        Baa 2       Baa 3

 Pre-1975
1975-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
   1981*
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988
   1989
   1990
   1991
   1992+
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmethane hydrocarbon
  emissions (NMHC) ,  i.e.. NMHC •  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989
0.421
0.382
0.333
0.222
0.182
0.140
0.09A
0.079
0.072
0.072
0.071
0.071
0.069
0-570
0.560
0.500
0.365
0.271
0.208
0.139
0.119
0.109
0.108
0.108
0.108
0.105
0.420
0.370
0.310
0.193
0.167
0.128
0,085
0.071
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.062
0.310
0.270
0.250
0.170
0.145
0.112
0.076
0.065
0.059
0.059
0.058
0.058
0.057

-------
                                H-200

                            TABLE 2.2.IOC

                  PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
              (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE  EMISSION SYSTEMS)
                           FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                 LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I


Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1971
1972
1973
197fc
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
198l»
1985
1986
1987
1988+


A i r Pump
Only
0.0
5-0
10.0
30.0
30.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


Oxidation
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
70.0
80.0
75.0
80.0
95.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
5.0
5.0


3Way
CataJ_y_st
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
1*0.0
50.0
95.0
95.0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
0.0
80.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
A i r Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30.0
30.0
20.0
1»0.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
75-0
75-0
55.0
55-0
50.0
EGR
System
& 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
JtO.O
50.0
95.0
95.0
Model
Years
Pre-1963
1963-1967
1968-1970
1971+
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
0.0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
0.0
100.0
100.0
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                               H-201

                           TABLE 2.2.TOD

                 PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                      (FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS)
                          FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
   Model                             Ported      Throttle-Body
  JYears           Carbureted    Fuel-Injected   Fuel-Iniected

   1981                99-1             0.9             0.0
   1982                99-5             0.5             o.o
   1983                99-8             0.2             0.0
   198U                97-8             2.2             0.0
   1985                88.6             6.8             it.6
   1986                58.5            23-7            17.8
   1987                26.5            **3.2            30.3
   1988                19-3            M.I*            36.3
   1989                18.3            ^5.8            35-9
   1990                17.2            52.2            30.6
   1991                17-1            53-1            29-8
   1992+              12.9            55-7            31.k
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-2O2
                                                         TABLE 2.2.11A
                                                                                          DATE  : MAY  19.  19B9
                                         BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
January 1 of Calendar Year
t98S 1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
HV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
I97O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1979
1976
1977
1978
1979
I98O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
E** MV*
2O. 2 1967
2O. 1 1968
16.4 1969
16.2 197O
16.9 1971
15.2 1972
11.4 1973
11.3 1974
11.2 1975
11. O 1976
1O. 8 1977
7.5 1978
8.9 1979
6 . 8 198O
6.5 1981
4.9 1982
3 O 1983
2 . 7 19B4
2.5 1985
1.8 1986
E** MV*
2O. 2 1968
16.5 1969
16.4 197O
17.1 1971
15.4 1972
11.5 1973
11.4 1974
11.3 1975
11.2 1976
11. O 1977
7.8 1978
9.2 1979
7 . 1 19BO
6.8 1981
5.2 1982
3.1 1983
3 O 1984
2.7 1985
1-9 1986
1.7 1987
E** MV*
16.6 1969
16.5 197O
17.3 1971
15.6 1972
11.6 1973
11.5 1974
11.4 1975
11.4 1976
11.2 1977
8.O 1978
9.4 1979
7.4 198O
7.1 1981
9.5 1982
3.3 1983
3.1 1984
2.9 1985
2.O 1986
1.7 1987
1.5 1988
E** MY*
16.6 1970
17.5 1971
15.8 1972
11.7 1973
11.6 1974
11.5 1975
11.6 1976
11.4 1977
8.2 1978
9.6 1979
7.6 198O
7.4 1981
5.8 1982
3.5 1983
3.3 1984
3.1 1985
2.1 1986
1.9 1987
1.6 1988
1.6 1989
E** MV* E** MV*
17.6 1971 16.2 1972
16. O 1972 11.9 1973
.8 1973 11.8 1974
.7 1974 11.8 1975
.6 1975 12. O 1976
.8 1976 11.8 1977
.6 1977 8. 6 1978
8.4 1978 10. 1 1979
9.9 1979 8. 1 198O
7.9 198O 7.9 1981
7.6 1981 6.4 1982
6. 1 1982 3.8 1983
3.7 1983 3.7 1984
3.5 1984 3.5 1985
3.3 1985 2.3 1986
2.2 1986 2. 1 1987
2.O 1987 1 .9 1988
1.7 1988 1.8 1989
1.7 1989 1.7 199O
1.6 1990 1.6 1991
E** MV*
12. O 1973
11.9 1974
11.8 1975
12.1 1976
12. O 1977
8.8 1978
1O. 3 1979
8.3 198O
8.1 1981
6.6 1982
3.9 1983
3.8 1984
3.6 1985
2.4 1986
2.2 1987
2.O 1988
1.9 t9B9
1.8 199O
1.7 1991
1.6 1992
E** MY*
12.0 1974
11.9 1975
12.3 1976
12.1 1977
9.O 1978
1O. 4 1979
8.5 1980
8.3 1981
6.8 1982
4.1 1983
4.O 1984
3.8 1985
2.5 1986
2.3 1987
2. 1 1988
2O 1989
1.9 1990
1.8 1991
17 1992
1.6 1993
E** MY*
12 O 1975
t2.4 1976
12.3 1977
9 1 1978
10 6 1979
8.7 198O
85 1981
7 O 1982
4.2 1983
4 . 1 t9B4
3.9 1985
2.6 1986
2.4 1987
2 . 2 1988
2.1 1989
2.O 1990
19 1991
1.8 1992
1.7 1993
1.6 1994
E * * MY *
12.5 1976
t2.3 1977
9.2 1978
1O. 7 1979
S. 8 198O
8.7 1981
7.2 1982
4.3 1983
4. 1 1984
4.O 1985
2.6 1986
2.4 1987
2.2 1988
2.1 1989
2. 1 199O
2O 1991
19 1992
17 1993
1.6 1994
1.5 1995
E * * MY *
12.4 1977
9.3 1978
1O 8 1979
9.O 19BO
8. 8 1981
7.3 1982
4.3 1983
4.2 1984
4 1 1985
26 1986
2.4 1987
22 1988
2.2 1989
2.1 199O
20 1991
.9 1992
8 1993
.7 1994
.6 1995
.5 1996
E**
9.4
1O- 9
9. 1
8.9
7.5
4.4
4.3
4.2
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.2
2. 1
2.O
.9
.8
7
.6
.5
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 20O3 2005 20O8 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*M₯
**E
E** MV*
11. O 1979
9.2 198O
9 . 1 198 1
7.6 1982
4.5 1983
4.4 1984
4.3 1985
2.7 1986
2.5 1987
2.4 1988
2.3 1989
2.3 199O
2.2 1991
2. 1 1992
2.O 1993
.9 1994
.8 1995
.7 1996
.6 1997
.5 1998
E** MY*
9.4 198O
9.2 1981
7.8 1982
4.6 1983
4.5 1984
4.4 1985
2.8 1986
2.6 1987
2.4 1988
2.4 1989
2.4 199O
2.3 1991
2.2 1992
2.1 1993
2.O 1994
.9 1995
.8 1996
.7 1997
.6 1998
.5 1999
-- Indicates the model
E** MV*
9.3 1981
7.8 1982
4.6 1983
4.5 1984
4.4 1985
2.8 1986
2.6 1987
2.4 1988
2.4 1989
2.3 199O
2.3 1991
2.2 1992
2 . t 1993
2.O 1994
.9 1995
.8 1996
.7 1997
.6 1998
.5 1999
.4 2000
year .
-- Indicates the average grams/ml
E** MY*
7.9 1984
4.6 1985
4.6 1986
4.5 1987
2.8 1988
2.6 1989
2.4 199O
2.4 1991
2.4 1992
2.3 1993
2.2 1994
2. 1 1995
2 . 1 1996
2.O 1997
.9 1998
.8 1999
.7 2000
.6 2OO1
.5 2002
.4 2OO3

1e emission
E** MV* E** MV*
4.7 1986 2.8 1989
2.9 1987 2.6 199O
2.7 1988 2.7 1991
2.6 1989 2.6 1992
2.6 1990 2.6 1993
2.5 1991 2.5 1994
2.5 1992 2.4 1995
2.4 1993 2.4 1996
2.3 1994 2.3 1997
2.3 1995 2.3 1998
2.2 1996 2.2 1999
2. 1 1997 2. 1 2OOO
2. 1 1998 2. 1 2O01
2.O 1999 2.O 20O2
1 .9 20OO .9 20O3
1.8 2OO1 .8 2OO4
1 7 2O02 . 7 20O5
1 .6 2O03 .6 2O06
1 . 5 2O04 . 4 2OO7
1 . 4 2OO5 . 4 2OOB

level for model year
E** MY*
2.7 1991
2.7 1992
2.7 1993
2.6 1994
2.6 1995
2.5 1996
2.5 1997
2.4 1998
2.3 1999
2.3 2OOO
2.2 2OOt
2.1 2002
2 . 1 2003
2.O 2OO4
.9 2OO5
.8 2O06
.7 2OO7
.6 2OO8
.5 2O09
.4 2O1O

E** MY*
2.7 1993
2.7 1994
2.6 1995
2.6 1996
2.6 1997
2.5 1998
2.5 1999
2.4 2OOO
2.3 2OO1
2.3 2OO2
2.2 2OO3
2 . 1 2OO4
2 . 1 2005
2.O 2OO6
.9 2O07
8 2OO8
.7 2009
6 2O 1O
.5 2O11
.4 2O12

•MV" on January 1 of
E** MY*
2.7 1996
2.7 1997
26 1998
2.6 1999
2.6 20OO
2.5 2OO1
2.5 20O2
2.4 2OO3
2.3 2OO4
2.3 2O05
2.2 2O06
2 . 1 20O7
2 . 1 2OOB
2.O 2OO9
.9 2010
.8 2O11
.7 2O12
.6 2O 13
.5 2O14
.4 2015

E** MY*
2.7 1999
2.7 2OOO
2.6 2O01
2 . 6 2002
2.6 20O3
2.5 20O4
2.5 20O5
2.4 2OO6
2.3 2OO7
2.3 2OO8
2.2 2OO9
2 1 2O1O
2. 1 2O1 1
2.O 2012
.9 2O 13
8 20(4
.7 2O15
.6 2O 16
.5 2017
.4 2018

the given calendar year
E * * MY *
2. 7 2O01
2 7 2OO2
2 6 2OO3
2.6 2O04
2.6 2O05
2.5 2OO6
2.5 2OO7
2 . 4 2OO8
2 . 3 2OO9
2.3 2O1O
2.2 2O 1 1
2 \ SOt 2
2.1 2O 13
20 2O 14
.9 2O 15
.8 2O16
.7 2017
6 2018
.5 2019
.4 202O

These
E**
2.7
2.7
2.6
2 .6
2.6
25
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.2
2. 1
2. 1
2.0
.9
.8
7
6
.5
.4


      emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O.6% of VMT traveled
      in cold start. 52.tX of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT In hot start. 6O TO B4F diurnal, 75F for hot soak
      and running loss emissions, 9.O psl fuel RVP. 54.57% average In-use fuel tank level. Including refueling emissions.
      Emissions are based on the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.2.4A.

-------
                                                   TABLE^l^
                                                                                    DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                   BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                        LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                                                         CO
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MV* E** MV*
1966 155.9 1967
1967 (54.9 1968
1968 121.6 1969
1969 12O.4 197O
197O 126.4 1971
1971 124.5 1972
1972 1O9.O 1973
1973 1O7.3 t974
1974 1O5.5 1975
1975 87.7 1976
1976 85.5 1977
1977 48, O 1976
1978 76. 1 1979
1979 62.9 198O
198O 6O. 1 I9B1
1961 57.2 1982
1982 36. 1 1983
1983 34. O 1984
1984 25. t 1985
1985 1O. O 1986
E** MY*
155.9 1968
122.7 1969
121.6 1970
128.1 1971
126 4 1972
1 1O 6 1973
1O9.O 1974
1O7.3 1975
89.8 1976
87. 7 1977
50.3 1978
78.7 1979
65.4 1980
62.9 1961
6O. 1 19B2
3B.O 1983
36. 1 1984
27.2 19B5
1O. 7 1986
8.2 1987
E** MV*
123.7 1969
122.7 197O
129.8 1971
128.1 1972
112.1 1973
110.6 1974
1O9.O 1975
91.7 1976
89.6 1977
52.5 1978
61.O 1979
67.6 I960
65.4 1981
62.9 1962
39.7 1983
36. O 1984
29.3 1985
11.8 1966
6.9 1987
6.3 1988
E«* MV*
123.7 197O
131.3 1971
129.8 1972
113.4 1973
112 1 1974
110.6 1975
93.5 1976
91.7 1977
54.6 197B
83.3 1979
7O.O 1980
67.8 1981
65.4 1962
41.4 1983
39.7 1964
31.1 1985
12.8 1986
1O.O 1987
7 O 1966
7.6 1989
E** MV*
132.7 1971
131.3 1972
114.7 1973
113.4 1974
112. 1 1975
95. t 1976
93.5 1977
56.5 1978
85.3 1979
72.1 198O
7O.O 1981
67.8 1962
42.9 1983
41.4 1984
32.9 t965
13.7 1986
11 O 1987
8.1 1988
8.3 1969
7.5 199O
E** MY*
132.7 1972
115.9 1973
114.7 1974
113 4 1975
96.7 1976
95.1 1977
58.3 1976
87.2 1979
74.0 198O
72.1 1981
70. O 1982
44.3 1983
42.9 1964
34.5 1985
14.6 1986
12. O 1967
9.1 1966
9.3 1989
8.2 I99O
7.5 1991
E * * MV *
117.0 1973
115.9 1974
114.7 1975
98 t 1976
96.7 1977
6O O 1978
89. O 1979
75.8 I960
74. O 1981
72.1 1982
45 7 t983
44 3 1984
36 . t 1985
15.4 1986
(28 (967
1O. t 1988
1O. 4 1989
9.3 199O
8.2 1991
7.4 1992
E** MV*
117. O 1974
ItS. 9 1975
99 5 (976
98 1 1977
615 1978
90 7 1979
77.5 198O
75.8 198 (
74. O 1982
46.9 1983
45.7 1984
37 5 1985
16 2 1986
13.7 (967
tt.O 1988
11 3 1989
10.3 199O
9.2 199t
8t 1992
72 1993
E** MV*
117.0 1975
tOO. 8 1976
99 5 1977
63. O 1978
92 3 1979
79 1 198O
77.5 1981
75.8 (983
48 1 1983
46 9 1984
38 8 1 985
(69 1986
14.4 1987
11.8 1988
12.2 19B9
11.3 199O
IO 3 199 1
9.2 1992
8 O 1993
72 1994
E** MV*
102. O 1976
10O 8 1977
64 3 197B
93 7 1979
BO 5 19BO
79 1 1981
77 5 1982
49.1 1983
4B 1 1984
4O.1 1985
17 6 1986
15 1 1987
12.6 1988
(3 O 1989
121 199O
112 1991
10 2 1992
90 1993
8 O 1994
7.2 1995
E*« MV*
IO2 0 1977
65 6 1978
95 1 1979
81 9 198O
BO 5 198 1
79 1 1982
SO 1 1983
49 1 1984
41.2 19B5
18.2 1986
15 B 1987
13 3 19B8
13 8 1989
13 O 199O
12 t 1991
11.2 1992
IO t 1993
9.0 1994
8 O 1995
7 . 2 1996
E**
66.8
96 3
83 2
819
BO 5
511
50 t
42.3
IB. 8
16 4
139
14 5
13.7
12 9
12. 1
11 0
IO t
90
a o
7.2
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2OO3 ZOOS 2OO8 2O1O 2OI2 2OI5 2OtB 2O2O
MY* E** MY*
1978 97.5 1979
197-9 84.4 198O
198O 83.2 1981
1981 81.9 1982
1982 52. O 1983
1983 51.1 1984
1984 43.3 1985
1985 19.3 1986
1986 17.O 1987
1987 14.6 1988
1988 IS. 2 t9B9
1989 14.4 199O
199O 13.7 1991
1991 12.9 1992
1992 tl.9 1993
1993 11.0 1994
1994 1O. 1 1995
1995 9.O 1996
1996 8.O 1997
1997 7.2 1998
E** MY*
85.5 198O
84.4 1981
83.2 1962
52.8 1983
52. O 1984
44.3 19B5
19 8 1986
17.5 1987
15.1 1968
15. B 1989
15. 1 1990
14.4 1991
13.7 1992
12.7 1993
11.9 1994
11.O 1995
1O. 1 1996
9.O 1997
6.O 1998
7.2 1999
E** MY*
85.5 1981
84.4 1982
53.6 1963
52.8 1984
45.2 1985
2O. 3 1966
18.1 1987
15.7 1988
16.4 1989
15.7 1990
15. 1 1991
14.4 1992
13.5 1993
12.7 1994
11.9 1995
11.O 1996
IO.I 1997
9.O 1998
6.O 1999
7.2 2OOO
E** MV*
85.5 1964
54.3 1985
53.6 1986
46. O 19B7
20.7 1988
18.5 1989
16.2 199O
16.9 1991
16.3 1992
15.7 1993
15.0 1994
14.2 1995
13.5 1996
12.7 1997
11.9 1998
11.O 1999
1O . 1 2OOO
9.O 20O1
B.O 2002,
7.2 20O3
E** MV*
48 . t t986
21.9 1967
19.8 1988
17.5 I9B9
18.3 199O
17.8 1991
17.3 1992
16.6 1993
16. O 1994
15.5 1995
14.8 1996
14.2 1997
13.5 199B
12.7 1999
11.9 2OOO
1 1 . O 2OO 1
1O . 1 2OO2
9.O 2OO3
8.0 2004
7.2 2OO5
£•* MV»
2O. 4 1989
18.2 1990
19.1 1991
18.7 1992
18.2 1993
17.B 1994
17.1 1995
16.6 1996
16. O 1997
15.5 1998
14.8 1999
14 . 2 2OOO
13.5 2001
12.7 2O02
11.9 20O3
1 1 . O 2OO4
1O. 1 2O05
9.O 20O6
8.0 20O7
7.2 2OO8
E** MY*
19.7 1991
19.4 1992
19. O 1993
18.4 1994
18. O 1995
17.6 1 996
17 1 1997
16 6 1998
16.0 1999
15.5 20OO
14.6 2OO1
14 . 2 20O2
13.5 2OO3
12.7 2OO4
11.9 2OO5
1 1 . O 2OO6
1O. t 2OO7
9.O 2OO8
8.0 2009
7.2 2O1O
E** MY*
19.7 1993
19 2 1994
18 8 1995
18.4 1996
t6.O 1997
17.6 1998
17. 1 1999
16.6 2OOO
16.0 2OO1
15.5 2002
14 8 2003
14 2 20O4
13 5 2005
127 2006
11.9 2OO7
1 1 . O 2OOB
IO 1 2O09
9.O 2O IO
8.0 2Ot1
7.2 2012
E** MY*
19.5 1996
19 2 1997
18.8 1998
18.4 1999
1B.O 200O
17.6 2001
17. 1 2002
16.6 2OO3
16. O 2004
15.5 2OO5
14.8 2O06
14 2 2O07
13.5 2008
12.7 2O09
11.9 2O IO
1 1 0 20t 1
IO 1 20 12
9 O 2O 13
8.0 2O14
7.2 3015
E*« MY*
19 5 1999
19 2 2OOO
18.8 2001
t8.4 2002
18 O 2OO3
17.6 2004
17.1 20O5
16.6 2006
1 6 O 20O7
15 5 2OO8
148 2009
14 .2 2O1O
13 5 201 t
12.7 2O 12
11.9 2O 1 3
1 1 . O 2O 1 4
tO t 2O15
9 O 2O 16
8.O 2O17
72 2O 18
E • * MV *
19.5 2OOI
19 2 2OO2
18.8 2O03
18 4 20O4
18.0 2005
17.6 2OO6
171 2O07
16 6 2008
16. O 2OO9
tS 5 2O tO
14.B 201 1
14 .2 2O12
13 5 2O13
127 2O 1 4
119 2015
1 1 .O 2O16
10 t 2OI7
90 2018
8 O 2019
7 .2 2020
E**
19.5
192
18 .B
18 4
IB O
176
17. 1
16.6
16 .O
15.5
14 8
14.2
135
12 7
1 1 9
1 1 O
10 1
9.0
B.O
7 2
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mtle emission level for
model year
"MY" on January 1 of
the given calendar year. These
emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH, TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O.6X of VMT traveled
in cold start. 52.1% Of VMT In stabilized, and 27.3^ of VMT  In hot start.   Emissions are based on
the January t mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.2.4A.

-------
H-204
                                                         TABLE 2.2. 1 1C
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19.  1989
                                         BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                                                               NOx
January
19B5 1986 1987 1988 1989 199O
1 of Calendar Year
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
MV * E** HV* E** MY* E** HV* E* * MV * E * * MV* E * * MV* E * * MY • E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E * * HY+ E

• *
1966 2.O 1967 2.O 1968 2.9 1969 2.9 197O 2.9 1971 2.9 (972 2.9 1973 2.6 1974 2.6 1975 24 1976 2.4 1977 28
(967 2.O 1968 2.9 1969 2.9 (97O 2.9 1971 2.9 1972 2.9 (973 26 1974 26 1975 24 1976 2.4 1977 27 1978 24
1968 2.9 (969 2.9 197O 2.9 (971 2.9 1972 2.9 1973 2.5 (974 2.5 1975 2.4 1976 24 1977 27 1978 24 1979
1969 2.9 (97O 2.9 1971 2.9 (972 2.9 (973 2.5 1974 2.5 (975 2.3 1976 2.3 (977 2.7 1978 2.3 1979
197O 2.9 (971 2.9 1972 2.9 (973 2.5 (974 2.5 1975 2.3 (976 2.3 1977 2.7 (978 23 1979
(971 2.9 1972 2.9 1973 2.5 (974 2.5 (975 2.3 1976 2.3 (977 2.7 1978 2.3 (979
1972 2.9 1973 2.5 1974 2.5 (975 2.3 1976 2.3 1977 2.7 (978 2.3 1979
1973 2.4 1974 2.4 1975 2.3 (976 2.3 1977 2.6 1978 2.3 1979
1974 2.4 1975 2.2 1976 2.2 (977 2.6 1978 2.2 1979
(97S 2.2 1976 2.2 1977 2.6 (978 2.2 (979 .7 198O
1976 2.2 (977 2.6 1978 2.2 (979 .6 (98O .6 1981
(977 2.5 (978 2.2 1979 .6 (9BO .6 (981 .6 1982
1978 2.1 (979 .5 198O .5 (981 .5 (982 .7 1983
1979 .4 (98O .4 1981 .4 (982 .7 (983 .7 (984
I98O .4 (981 .4 1982 .7 (983 .7 (984 .7 (985
1981 .3 19B2 .6 (983 .6 (984 .6 (985 .5 (966
(982 .6 (983 .6 (984 .5 (985 .4 1986 .2 (967
.7 (9BO
.7 196 (
.6 (982
.7 1963
.7 (964
.8 1965
.5 1966
.3 1987
1 . 1 1986
.7 1980
.7 1981
.7 1982
.8 1983
.7 (984
.8 (985
.5 (986
.3 (967
.1 1966
.O 1969 1
.8 198O
7 (98 1
.7 (9B2
.8 (9B3
8 198O
.8 1981
.7 1982
.8 1983
.9 19BO
.8 1981
.8 19B2
.8 1983
.8 1984
.8 1984 2.O 1985
.8 (984 2.O 1985
9 (985
.6 1986
.4 1987
.2 1988
.0 1989
tO 1990
.6 1986
.4 1987
.2 1988
. 1 1989
.O 1990
.O 1991
.7 1986
5 1987
.3 1988
. 1 1989
. 1 1990
.O 1991
9 198O
.9 1981
.8 1982
9 1983
1 .9
1 9
9
.9
9
8 1984 2.1
. 1 1985
.7 1986
.5 1987
. 3 1988
.2 1989
. 1 199O
. 1 1991
.O 1992
7
.5
3
.2
2
(
. (
.O
.0 1992 O.9 1993 O.9
(983 .5 1984 .4 (965 .3 (966 .2 1987 .O (988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O.9 1991 O 9 1992 O.9 1993 O 9 (994 O 9
(984 .3 1985 .3 1966 1.1 1967 .O 1988 O.9 (989 O.9 199O O.9 199) O.9 1992 OB 1993 O 8 1994 OS 1995 O.8
(985 .2 (986 .1 1987 O.9 1988 O.8 1989 O.8 1990 O.B 1991 O.B 1992 O.6 1993 O.8 1994 0.8 1995 O.8 1996 O 8
January
1997 1998 1999 20OO 2003 2005
1 of Calendar Year
2008
2O IO
MV* E** HV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MV* E** MY* E** MV* E'
1978 2.4 1979 2.O 198O 2.O (981 2.0 (984 2.4 1986
1979 2.O I960 2.0 1981 2.O (982 2.O (985 .9 1987
(98O .9 (981 .9 (962 1.9 1963 1.9 (966 .7 (968
1981 .9 1982 .9 (963 1.9 1964 2.3 (987 .5 (969
(982 .9 1983 .9 (964 2.3 1965 .8 1986 .4 (99O
(983 .9 (984 2.2 (985 .8 1986 .7 1989 .4 1991
1964 .2 1985 .8 1966 .6 1987 .5 1990 .4 1992
1985 .8 1986 .6 1987 .4 1988 .3 1991 .3 1993
(986 .6 1987 .4 1988 .3 1989 .3 1992 .3 1994
(987 .4 (988 .3 1989 .3 (99O .3 1993 .2 1995
1968 .2 (969 .2 (99O .2 (991 .2 (994 .2 1996
1989 .2 (99O .2 (991 .2 1992 .2 (995 .2 (997
199O .2 (991 .2 (992 .1 1993 .1 (996 .1 (996
(991 .1 (992 .1 1993 .1 1994 .1 1997 .1 (999
1992 .O (993 .O 1994 .O 1995 .O 1998 .O 2OOO
1993 -O 1994 .O 1995 .O 1996 .O 1999 .O 2OO1
.8 (969
.6 (99O
.5 199 (
4 1992
. 4 1993
.4 1994
.3 1995
.3 (996
.3 1997
.2 (998
. 2 (999
.2 2OOO
. 1 200 t
. 1 2O02
.O 2OO3
.O 2O04
.5 1991
.5 1992
.4 (993
.4 (994
.4 (995
.4 (996
.3 1997
.3 1996
.3 1999
.2 20OO
.2 20OI
.2 20O2
. 1 2003
. ( 2OO4
.0 2O05
.0 2OO6
2O12
* MY* E
.5 1993
(994
(995
1996
1997
1998
.3 1999
.3 20OO
.3 20O1
.2 20O2
.2 2OO3
.2 2OO4
. 1 2O05
. 1 2O06
.O 2O07
.O 2OO8
2O15
2O18
2O2O

* * MY* E * * MV* E+* MY* E**
.5 1996
.4 1997
.4 1998
4 1999
4 2000
.4 2001
3 2002
.3 2003
.3 2OO4
.2 2OO5
. 2 2OO6
.2 2OO7
. 1 2OO8
. 1 2OO9
.0 2O1O
.O 2O11
.5 1999
.4 200O
4 20O1
.4 20O2
.4 20O3
.4 2OO4
.3 20O5
3 2OO6
3 2OO7
.2 2O08
2 2OO9
.2 2O IO
.1 201 1
. 1 2012
.O 2O 13
.O 2O 14
.5 2OO1
.4 2002
4 2OO3
4 2OO4
4 2005
4 2006
3 2O07
.3 2OO8
.3 2O09
2 2O IO
2 20 1 1
.2 2O12
.1 2O 13
, 1 20(4
0 2015
0 2016
.5
.4
4
4
4
4
.3
3
3
2
.2
2
1
. 1
O
0
1994 O.9 (995 O.9 1996 O.9 (997 O.9 2OOO O.9 20O2 O.9 2005 O.9 2OO7 O 9 2OO9 O 9 2Ot2 O.9 2O15 O.9 2O17 O 9
(995 O.9 1996 O.9 (997 O.9 (998 O.9 2O01 O.9 20O3 O.9 20O6 O.9 2OOB O.9 20 IO O.9 2O13 O.9 2O16 O.9 2O18 O.9
1996 O.8 (997 O.B 1996 O.8 1999 O.8 2O02 O.8 2O04 O.8 20O7 O.8 2OO9 OB 2O( ( O.8 2O14 0.8 2O17 OS 2019 OB
(997 O.8 199B O.B 1999 O.8 2OOO O.8 2Ot>3 O.8 2OO5 O.8 20O8 O.8 2O(O O.8 2O(2 0.8 2O15 O.8 2O18 OS 2O2O OB
•MY -- Indicates the model year.





**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY* on January 1 of the given calendar year.

These


      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3X of VMT In hot start.  Emissions are based on
      the January  I mileage accumulation figures given  In Table 2.2.4A.

-------
                                   H-205

                               TABLE 2.3. 1A

                  NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                               HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                          - BER « ZML * (OR • M)
         Mooel      Zero Mile   Deterioration
   Pol    Years   Emission Level     Rate
HC














CO














NOx














Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1976
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
12.350
8.560
8.560
1 .660
1 .660
1 .070
1 .050
0.510
0.450
0.390
0.460
0.460
0.460
0.460
0.450
141 .350
107,720
107.720
44 . 250
44.250
30. 160
23.350
9.840
8.060
6.190
7.410
7.360
7.310
7.290
7.100
3.100
4.320
3.070
0.970
0.970
1 .460
1.220
1 .240
1.080
0.910
0.820
0.820
0.810
0.810
0.780
                                    50.000 Mile
                                  Emission Level
 100.000 Mile
Emission Level
                                  0.180
                                  0.250
                                    170
                                   .280
                                   .280
                                    150
                                    150
                                  0.080
                                  0.080
                                   .080
                                   .080
                                   .080
                                  0.080
                                  0.080
                                  0.080
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
                      0.
  WHERE
                      2.250
                      2.550
                      2.440
                      2.430
                      2.430
                      1.460
                      1.460
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730
                      0.730

                      0.0
                      0.0
                      0.040
                      0.060
                      0.060
                      0.030
                      0-070
                      0.040
                      O.O40
                      0.040
                      0.040
                      0.040
                      0.040
                      0.040
                      0.040

BER - Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates  m grams/mile.
ZML * Zero mile level in grams/mile.
DR  • Deterioration rate in grams/mlle/1OK miles,
M   • Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.
13.250
9.810
9.410
3.060
3.060
1 .820
1 .800
0.910
0.850
0.790
0.860
0.860
0.860
0.860
0.850
152.600
120.470
119.920
56.400
56.400
37 . 460
30.650
13.490
11 .710
9.840
11.060
11.010
10.960
10.940
10.750
3.100
4.320
3.270
1 .270
1.270
1 .610
1.570
1 .440
.280
.110
.020
.020
.010
.010
0.980
14 . 150
1 1 . 060
10.260
4.460
4.460
2.570
2.550
1 .310
1 .250
1. 190
1 .260
1 .260
1 .260
1 .260
1.250
163.850
133.220
132.120
68 . 550
68.550
44 . 760
37.950
17. 140
15.360
1 3 . 490
14.710
14.660
14.610
14.590
14.400
3.100
4.320
3.470
1.570
1.570
1.760
1.920
1.640
1.480
1.310
1.220
1.220
1.210
1.210
1.180
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                      H-206
 Pol

 HC
 CC
 NOx
                                   TABLE  2.3.1B

                            EXHAUST  EMISSION  RATES  FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  TRUCKS  II
                            AT  VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES  INCLUDE  TAMPERING)
Model
Years
pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
1968-1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Pre-1970
1970-1972
1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Emission Rate (Grams/Mile)
	 QK
12.350
8.560
8.560
2.474
1 .740
1 . 150
1 .146
1.120
O.S76
0.513
0.442
0.512
0.502
141.350
107.720
107,720
59.461
44.939
30 . 850
30 . 802
23.898
10.341
8.514
6.479
7.699
7.649
7.599
7.579
7.389
3.100
4.320
4.357
3.106
1.308
0.970
1.460
1.460
1.222
1.243
1.085
0.923
0.833
0.823
0.793
25K
12.800
9. 185
8. 985
3.475
2.588
1 .677
1 .668
1 .636
0.912
0.639
0.749
0.818
0.808
146.975
114.095
113.820
61 .273
52.632
36. 194
36.069
29. 114
13.650
11 .614
9.312
10 . S04
10.454
10,404
10.384
10.194
3.100
4.320
4.376
3.225
1.635
1.191
.606
.607
.472
.422
.268
1.134
1.008
0.998
0.968
50K 75K 100K 12SK 15 OK
13.250 13.700 14.150 14.600 15.050
9.810 10.435 11.060 11.685 12.310
9.410 9.835 10.260 10.685 11.110
4.569 5.623 6.677 7.732 8.747
3.472 4,380 5.297 6.207 7.112
2.242 2.831 3.430 4.021 4,607
2.227 2.809 3.400 3.983 4.562
2.190 2.766 3.350 3.926 4.500
1.284 1.677 2.078 2.472 2.863
1.195 1.570 1.954 2.33,1 2.705
1.083 1.433 1.790 2.142 2.490
1.150 1.498 1.852 2.202 2.548
1 140 1.488 1.842 2.192 2.536
152.600 156.225 163.850 169.475 175.100
120.470 126.845 133.220 139.595 145.970
119.920 126.020 132.120 138.220 144.320
71,026 80.403 89.779 99.155 107.796
60.856 69.303 77.846 86.312 94.735
42.135 48.305 54.568 60.754 66.896
41.912 47.970 54.116 60.189 66.221
34.952 40.988 47.097 53.141 59.150
17.558 21.651 25.610 29.910 33.977
15.179 18.907 22.700 26.439 30.149
12.539 15.886 19.276 22.63O 25.964
13,679 16.972 20.308 23.609 26.890
13.629 16.922 20.258 23.559 26.840
13.579 16.872 20.208 23.509 26.790
13.559 16.852 20.188 23.489 26. -770
13.369 16.662 19.998 23.299 26.580
3.100 3.100 3.100 3.100 3.100
4.320 4.320 4.320 4.320 4.320
4.395 4.415 4.434 4.453 4.472
3.344 3.462 3.561 3.700 3.819
.962 2.289 2.616 2.944 3.271
.461 1.800 2.139 2.478 2.818
.801 2.065 2.329 2.593 2.858
.802 2.066 2.331 2.596 2.861
.772 2.142 2.513 2.883 3.253
.652 1.951 2.252 2.552 2.852
.505 1.812 2.120 2.428 2.735
.400 1.740 2.083 2.424 2.764
.211 1.447 1.684 1.920 2.155
1.2O1 1.437 1.674 1.910 2.145
1.171 1.407 1.644 1.880 2.115
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-207
                              TABLE 2.3-2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
--- RVP - 9
Crankcase Hot Soak
(Gm/Mile) (Gm/Test)
7-35 23-50
0.0 23-50
0.0 3-20
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
c.o
0.0
0.0
.76
-76
.76
.75
.69
• 50
• 30
.25
o.o 1.25
0.0
.25
0.0 1.25
0.0 1.22
.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
55-03
55-03
6.71
3.88
3-89
3.89
3.86
3-73
3-30
2.84
2.75
2.7i»
2.69
2.69
2.63
— RVP - 11
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
35-96
35-96
5.59
3-97
3-97
3-97
3-97
3.87
3.60
3-33
3.21
3.22
3-31
3-32
3.29
.5 psi --
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
101.26
101.26
18.50
18.92
18-95
18.98
18.82
18.19
16.11
13.87
13.**3
13-35
13. u
13-11
12.82
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1968
1968-1978
1979-1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
  1981*
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+
* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to 84F one hour heat build.
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-208

                              TABLE 2.3.2B

                       TAMPERING OFFSETS  FOR TOTAL
                 CRANKCASE AND  EVAPORATIVE HC  EMISSIONS*
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED  TRUCKS  II
                      AT VARIOUS MILEAGE  INTERVALS
Model
Fuel RVP Years
9.0 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+
11.5 Pre-1967
1967-1969
1970-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991+
Tampering Offset (Grams/Mile)**
OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
25K
0.0
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.06
0.06
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.0
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
5QK
0.0
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.15
0.15
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.0
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.21
0.21
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
75K
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.24
0.24
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.34
0.34
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.26
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
100K
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.33
0.33
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.0
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.46
0.46
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.38
0.35
0.33
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.31
125K
0.0
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.43
0.42
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.0
0.06
0.07
0.07
0-59
0.59
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.48
0.45
0.42
0.41
0.41
0.40
0.40
0.40
150K
0.0
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.52
0.52
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.33
0.32
0,31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.0
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.72
0.72
0.6o
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.55
0.50
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.48
 * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82.OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0 to 84.OF,
   Fuel  RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank level of  40.0*.

** Based on averages of 4.24 trips per day and 30.80 miles per day.

 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-209

                              TABLE 2.3.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS
  Model        Fuel RVP             Emission Rate  (Grams/Mile)
  Years          (PS!)        80.0F       87.OF       95.OF

 Pre-1979         7-0        0.36        0.52        1.13
                  9-0        0.58        1.50        2.62
                 10.14        1.06        2.70        4.00
                 11.7        2.88        3-85        8.20

1979-1980         7.0        0.24        0.42        0,97         1-39
                  9.0        0.39        1-20        2.21         2.88
                 10.4        0.68        1.70        2.38         3-23
                 11.7        1-72        2.30        4.79         7-90

  1981+           7.0        0.05        0.06        0.18         0.20
                  9.0        0.07        0.13        0.42         0.62
                 10.4        0.13        0.30        0.50         0.75
                 11.7        0.36        0.47        1.03         1-73
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-210

                                TABLE  2.3-20

                         REFUELING  EMISSIONS* FOR
                                HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II


                                          With                     With  both
                                       Volatility       With       Volatility
         Fuel Economy   Uncontrolled    Control**     Onboard**   and  Onboard**
           (mi les/gal)   (grams/mi 1e)   (grams/mi le)   (grams/tin le)   (grams/mi le)

Pre-1971      H.1           0-52           0.52          0.52          0.52
  1971        10.7           0.51*           0.5**          0.51*          0.51*
  1972        10.8           0,53           0.53          0.53          0.53
1973-1971*     10.6           0.5*»           0.5**          0.5**          0.54
  1975        11.9           0.1*8           0.1.8          0.1*8          O.i»8
  1976        12.3           0.1*7           0.1*7          0.1*7          0.47
  1977        13-3           0.1*3   '       0.1*3          0.1*3          0.1*3
  1978        13.0           0.1*1*           o.M*          0.1*1*          0.1*1*
  1979        12.6           0.1.6           0.1*6          0.1*6          0.1*6
  1980        15-7           0.37           0.37          0.37          0.37
  1981        17.0           0.34           0.3A          0.34          0.31*
  1982        17-3           0.33           0.33          0.33          0.33
  1983        17-6           0.33           0.33          0.33          0.33
  1981.        17-2           0.3*»           0.31*          0.31*          0.31*
  1985        17-3           0.33           0.33          0.33          0.33
1986-1987     18.0           0.32           0.32          0.32          0.32
  1988        17-7           0.33           0.33          0.33          0.33
1989-1991     17.8           0.32           0-32          0-32          0.32
  1992        17.8           0.32           0.26          0.32          0.03
1993-1997     17.7           0.33           0.26          o.oi.          0.03
  1998+       17.6           0.33           0-26          0.01.          0.03

  * Refueling Emissions (g/mi) • [Displacement  (g/gal)
    + Spillage  (g/gal)3 /  Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

  ** Volatility  control assumed to start  in  1992, with  7.0/7-8/9.0 RVP  fuels
     for ASTft class  A/B/C  cities.  Onboard  assumed  to start in 1993.
     and apply  to LDGVs,  LDGTs, and HDGVs.

  DATE  : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                              H-21 1

                                          TABLE  2.3.3

                        HOT  STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS  FOR  HIGH ALTITUDE
                              LIGHT  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
Poi
HC














CO














NOx












moae i
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992*
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981
1983-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990-1991
1992+
Zero M1 le
123.60
65.40
65.40
23.90
18.55
11 .95
9.51
4.90
5. 11
4 , 10
6.54
6.53
6.52
6.51
6. 17
1323.40
764.40
764 40
697.67
524.04
353.11
394.65
65.97
50.77
44.40
75.06
73.85
72.62
73.35
67.62
6.00
3.00
2.40
3.98
7.34
7.37
7.62
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1.61
50.000 Mile
133.60
77.40
74.40
51 .06
45.89
27.29
26.64
12.62
12.73
11 .68
14 . 19
14. 18
14.17
14. 16
13.84
1457.40
920.40
9 1 1 . 40
927.98
785.45
516.37
450.37
139.75
133.06
114,62
140.26
139.04
137.77
137.37
133.57
6.00
3.00
2.40
3.98
7.34
7.37
7.63
6.96
2.00
1.73
1.66
1.65
1 .61
                                                Emission  Rate (Grams/Hour)
                                                 ....	        	In-use Level-
                                                    100.000  Mile      50.OOP  Mile     100.OOP Mi1
                                                        141.60
                                                         S3. 40
                                                         83.40
                                                         76.92
                                                         72.77
                                                         41 .93
                                                         41 .68
                                                         20. 11
                                                      .   20.19
                                                         19. 11
                                                         21 .65
                                                         21 .64
                                                         21 .63
                                                         21 .62
                                                         21 .29

                                                       1592.40
                                                       1076.40
                                                       1058.40
                                                       1136.67
                                                       1021.56
                                                        661.56
                                                        589.55
                                                        208.82
                                                        191.04
                                                        181,
                                                        206.
                                                        203.88
                                                        203.60
                                                        202.17
                                                        197.29

                                                         6.00
                                                         3.00
                                                         2.40
                                                         3.98
                                                         7.34
                                                         7,37
                                                         7.62
                                                         6.96
                                                         2.00
                                                          1.73
                                                          1.66
                                                          1.65
                                                          1.61
.32
 11
 137.95
  82.75
  79.75
  56.11
  51.24
  32.64
  31.99
  17.97
  18.08
  17.03
  19.54
  19.53
  19.52
  19.51
  19. 19

1489.03
 952.03
 943.03
 959.61
 817.06
 548.00
 481.91
 171.38
 154.69
 146.25
 171.89
 170.67
 169.40
 169.00
 164.20

   6.00
   3.00
   2.40
   3.98
   7.34
   7.37
   7.62
   6.96
   2.00
   1.73
   1.66
   1.65
 153.24
 101.04
  95.04
  88.56
  84.41
  53.57
  53.32
  ,31.75
  31.82
  30.75
  33.29
  33.28
  33.27
  33.26
  32.93

1664.24
1148.24
1130.24
1208.51
1093.40
 733.40
 661.39
 280.66
 262.88
 253.16
 276.95
 375.72
 274.44
 274.01
 269.13

   6.00
   3.00
   2.40
   3.98
   7,34
   7.37
   7.62
   6.96
   2.00
    .73
    .66
    .65
                                                                          1.61
                               1
                               1
                               1
                               1.61
• In-use emission level induces tampering.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                H-212
 Model
 Year
Index**
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                     TABLE 2.3-4A

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     HIGH ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
	(per truck  *)	(fleet)
                                       Jan  1
                                      Mileage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
    0.070
    0.092
    0.088
    0.083
    0.077

    0.072
    0.067
    0.062
    0.057
    0.051

    0.047
    0.041
    0.036
    0.031
    0.026

    0.021
    0.016
    0.011
    0.007
    0.044
17608.
16217.
14937-
13758.
12671.

11671.
10749.
 9901.
 9H9.
 8399-

 7736.
 7125.
 6562.
 6044.
 5567-

 5127.
 4723.
 4350.
 4006.
 3690.
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077

0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
  031
0.026

0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
17608.
17260.
15897.
14642.
13486.

12421.
11440.
10537.
 9705.
 8939-

 8233-
 7583.
 6984.
 6432.
 5925.

 5457-
 5026.
 4630.
 4264.
 3927.
  2201.
 13163.
 29731-
 44991.
 59047.

 71992.
 83915.
 94897.
105012.
114329.

122909.
130812.
138092.
144796.
150970.

156658.
161896.
166721.
171165-
175257.
  * Default  information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the  local area.

  ** The  indices refer to  the most recent model year vehicles  in any
     given calendar year.   Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and  index 20+ references  the oldest model year vehicles.

  ***  Sales  weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January  1,
       where:  JMAR(1) » MAR(l)  and,
             JMAR(MYI) -  .25*MAR(MYI) +  .75*HAR(MYI-1) , MY! • 2	20+.

  DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                 H-213

             TABLE 2.3-4C

TRIPS PER DAY AND MILES PER DAY FOR
             HIGH ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
Model Year
  Index*   Trips per Day   Miles per Day

     1          U.66            48.24
     2          4.60            47.29
     3          4.54            43.55
     4          4.48            40.12
     5          4.43            36-95
     6          4.37            34.03
     7          4.31            31-34
     8          4.25            28.87
     9          4.19            26.59
     10          4.13            24.49
     11          4.08            22.56
     12          4.02            20.78
     13          3.96            19-13
     14          3-90            17.62
     15          3-84            16.23
     16          3-78            14.95
     17          3-72            13.77
     18          3.67            12.68.
     19          3-61            11.68
     20+         3.55            10.76
 * The  indices  refer  to  the most  recent model
   year vehicles  in any  given  calendar year.
    Index  1  references the  newest  model year
   vehicles and index 20+  references  the  oldest
   model  year vehicles.
  DATE  :  MAY  19,  1989

-------
                                       H-21*

                                   TABLE 2.3-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                                 JANUARY 1, 1<

Model
Years
1988
1987
1986
1985
1981*
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-

(A)
LDT2 Fleet
Registration
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044

(B)
Sales
Fraction
0.973
0.991
0.980
0.989
0.97*
0.958
0.908
0.918
0.952
0-985
0.990
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
DAF:


(A*B)
0.023
0.091
0.086
0.082
0.075
0.069
0.061
0.057
0.05*
0.050
0.0*7
0.0*1
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
0.929
(C-A*B/DAF)
LDGT2
Regi stration
0.02*
0.098
0.093
0.088
0.081
0.07*
0.066
0.061
0.058
0.05*
0.050
0.044
0.039
0.033
0.028
0.023
0.017
0.012
0.008
0.047

(D)
Annual Mileage
Accrual Rate
17608.
17260.
15897.
14642.
13*86.
12421.
11440.
10537-
9705.
8939.
8233-
7583.
698*.
6432.
5925-
5457.
5026.
4630.
*264.
3927-
TFNORM: 1
(C*D/TFNORM)

(C*D)
430.8
1695-8
1*77-*
1295.3
1090.0
923-3
750.0
646.3
567-5
483.9
412.8
335.1
271.0
214.9
166.0
123.5
86.7
5*. 9
32.2
186.2
1243.4
Travel
Fractions
0.038
0,151
0.131
0.115
0.097
0.082
0.067
0.057
0.050
0.043
0.037
0.030
0.024
0.019
0.015
0.011
0.008
0.005
0.003
0.017
*
WHERE :

  A
  B
  D

NOTE
 • January 1  registration mix from Table 2.3-4A,
 - Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
 - Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.3-4A.

In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B)  changes
for almost every model year.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                        * SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(sadJ)
                       B
               SF(s) =

 Pollutant
   and
Model Yaara	*	

   Hc                                       	 	f.	F	


 £™:!E§ J:SSSK! iSSSS J SEE'S,1-•«"—•»  »-~«™-« - «». „
 »-»» ..,,,«H,, H,.»^S !:BSS5; 5:S5SS  S:SSJ3 ISSi

  Pre-197O
   W T9 r «I w.»^ VUQDC^V I ~U . 34 I IdTF+ftft
 1974-1978 0.2I5487E+01 -O.329I|J™
   NOx
  Pre-197O
 197O-1973
 1974-1978

 * WHERE :
                                                           0.0
         s
         sadj
              average speed (fliph}.
DATE : MAV 19. 1989

-------
                                H-216
                            TABLE 2.3.6B

             SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                            HIGH ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                  • scF(s.sadj) = SF(s)/SF(sadj )

                    SF(S) • A/S + B. HC & CO
                          • EXPU + B«S * C«5"2). NOx
Pollutant Speea
   HC
           Low
Model
Years
1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Coef f iciem
A
41.27921
14.50530
13. 13510
13.72850
12.87590
12.29910
6.03710
5,02670
4 . 79940
4 . 76780
4.73310
4.72990
4.59730
B C
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.03723
-0.01687
-0.01228
-0.01165
-0.01095
-0.01088
-0.00821
          High
                   1979+
   CO
   NOx
           High

            A11
                   1979+
                                e.10000
                                             o.o
LOW 1979-1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
563.51440
168.89410
147.47639
158.07001
145.32240
137.36800
43 . 39830
30.59711
27.71680
27.31670
26.87669
26.83670
25.15649
-3.44034
0.72193
0.80430
0.75053
C. 77799
0.76426
1.33132
2.35788
2 . 58886
2 . 62094
2.65622
2.65943
2.79417
                                60.00000
                                              0.0
1979-1980
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
1.04330
0.24736
0.22790
0.24101
0.23298
0.33289
-0.03836
-0.07312
-0.08094
-0.08203
-0.08323
-0.08333
-0.08790
-0.026082
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.033673
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
-0.026426
0.00042835
0 . 00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00047036
0.00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
0 . OO020485
0.00020485
0.00020485
   WHERE:
s    • average speed (mph).
sadj • basic taet procedure speed; adjusted for fraction
       of cold Start operation x and fraction of hot
       Start operation w, [1/sadj • (w+x)/26 + (l-w-x)/l6]
 Low * average spaed < 19.6 mph.
High • average sowed > 19.6 mph.
 DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                              H-217

                          TABLE 2.3.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

             • TCF(1) = TC(1)«(T - 75.0), 1981+ CO,
            TCF(D) « EXP [  TC(0)-(T - 75.0) ]. all others

Pol   Mooel  Years  Test Segment 1  Test Segment 2  Tast Segment 3
HC
CO
NOx
 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+

 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
 • 1991
  1992+

 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
  1984
  1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992+
  WHERE
                    -0
                    -0
   20623E-01
   24462E-01
   21255E-01
   23517E-01
   26820E-01
 0.32775E-01
 0.32082E-01
   33863E-01
 0.29S45E-01
 0.29076E-01
   28850E-01
 0.2B022E-01
 0.279096-01
 0.27350E-01
-0.13487E-01
•0.21126E-01
-0.20B43E-01
  .24835E-01
   12448E+O1
   13095E+01
   128406+01
-0.10914E+01
-0.980426*00
-0.973606+00
-0.96563E+00
-0.92922E+00
-0.924106*00
-0.909316+00
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0.
                    -0
 O. 16B97E-O3
 0.250746-03
 0.388556-02
 0.76044E-02
   190006-02
 0.4S479E-02
 0.476S7E-02
 0.4325BE-02
 0.432586-02
 0.43258E-02
 0.432586-02
 0.43258E-02
 0.43258E-02
 0.4325BE-02
 0.24032E-02
 0.32017E-02
 0.52755E-03
 0.88057E-02
 0.75B15E-02
 0.831766-02
 0.85130E-02
 0.75333E-02
 0.86205E-02
   90614E-02
-0.90467E-02
-0.87314E-02
-0.86831E-02
-0.882336-02
                                    -0
 0. 157B4E-02
 0.15289E-02
 0.59951E-02
 0.88336E-02
 0.12478E-01
 O.14584E-01
 0.145846-01
 0.138126-01
 0.15565E-01
 0.162346-01
 0.16220E-01
 O.167B7E-01
 0.15721E-01
 O.159476-01
-0.8924SE-02
-0.59791E-02
-0.241566-02
-0.6B04SE-02
-0.61656E-02
-0.748236-02
-0.69890E-02
-0.89681E-02
-0.762416-02
-0.74160E-02
-0.735066-02
-0.713516-02
-0.71061E-02
-0.69289E-02
   10081E-02
   86884E-03
   93659E-03
   16222E-02
   51G60E-02
   90264E-02
   90264E-02
   60835E-02
   70376E-02
   74167E-02
   740586-02
   714306-02
   71027E-02
                                                    -0.72259E-02
   110976-02
   15749E-02
   18253E-02
   115536-02
   74106E-02
   113716-01
   11371E-01
   90777E-02
   90777E-02
   90777E-02
 0.907776-02
 0.907776-02
 0.90777E-03
 0.90777E-02
-0.725806-02
-0.626906-02
  .2118BE-02
  .5419BE-02
-0.496436-02
-0.90882E-02
-0.908826-02
  .948396-02
  .863S5E-02
  .858336-02
  .8S2246-02
-0.82440E-02
-0.82048E-02
-0.80917E-02
                                                    -0.
                                                    -0.
                                                    -0.
                                                    -0.
                                                    -0.
                                                    -0.
    TCF(b) • Low temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature (< 75F), and model year, for test segment P.
    T      • Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)  - Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year, for test segment D,

NOTE :  The low temperature correction factor  is used  in conjunction with
       the correction factor given in Table 2.3.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                      H-218
                                  TABLE  2.3.7B

             HIGH  (> 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION  FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                         AND FUEL RVP CORRECTION  FACTORS
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                       LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II

                   " TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)«(T  - 75. 0)  ]. Pre-1981
               TRCF(b) = EXP [ RC(b)»(RVP - 9.0)  + TC(b)*(T - 75.0)
                         •* TRC(b)*(RVP - 9.0)-(T  - 75.0)  ], 1981 +

     Model Years   Parameter  Test Segment i   Test Segment  2  Test Segment 3
 HC
 CO
 NOx
       Pre-1970
      1970-1973
      1974-1978
      1979-1980
      1981-1985
        1986-
       Pre-1970
      1970-1973
      1974-1978
      1979-1980
      1981-1985
        1986+
       Pre-1970
      1970-1973
      1974-1978
      1979-1980
      1981-1985
        1986+
 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC

 TC
 RC
 TC
TRC
 RC
 TC
TRC
-0.143816-01
-0.12552E-01
-0.10888E-01
-0.14095E-01
 0.91402E-01
 0.44270E-02
 0.29466E-02
 0.23202E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.14691E-01
 0.38767E-01
 0.211S5E-01
 0.19612E-01
 0.91345E-01
 0.621S2E-02
 0.0
 0.40748E-01
 0.35170E-02
 0.0
 0.13219E-02
 0.42SS7E-02
-0.47925E-03
 0.26179E-01
 0.42060E-01
 0.48358E-02
 0.0
 0.15373E+00
 0.86550E-02
 0.0

 0.37462E-02
 0.84G85E-02
 0.23603E-01
 0.48537E-01
   13968E+00
   14943E-01
 0.0
 0.26214E«-00
 0.1496SE-01
 0.5G416E-02
                                            0,
                                            0.
  34799E-02
  75843E-02
0.76666E-02
0.24297E-01
0.93179E-01
0.74688E-02
0.4727SE-02
0.132S3E+OO
0.83730E-02
                                                                0.56009E-02
                                                0.
                                                0.
                                            0.
                                            0.
0.
0.
           -0
 0.38841E-02
 0.103B9E-02
   18301E-01
 0.26153E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0. 14219E-01
 0.0
 0.0
                           -0.
                           -0.
-0.8732SE-02
-0.924S6E-02
   10925E-01
   18603E-01
-0.40024E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.27491E-01
 0.377B9E-02
 0.0
   1 1014E-O1
  .25179E-01
 0.28483E-01
 0.31439E-01
   1G322E+00
   14923E-01
 0.0
 0.23218E+00
 0.20695E-01
 0.82344E-02

-0.10839E-01
-0.10108E-01
-0.18042E-01
-0.20878E-01
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
                                                                                                       I
  WHERE
    TCF(b) - High temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature, and model year, for test segment b,
    T      = Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit),
    TC(b)  = High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, temperature, and model year, for test segment b.
    TRCF(b)« High temperature and fuel RVP correction  factor
             for appropriate pollutant, ambient temperature, fuel RVP.
             and model year, for test segment b.
    RC(b)  - Fuel RVP correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, fuel RVP. and model year, for test segment b.
    RVP    « Fuel volatility m psl,
    TRC(b) - Combined temperature and fuel RVP correction factor coefficient
             for appropriate pollutant, fuel RVP. ambient temperature,
             ana model year, for test segment b.

NOTE :  The temperature correction factor is used in conjunction with
       the correction factor given  in Table 2.3.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                                                                                   4

-------
                                    H-219

                                TABLE 2.3.7C

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
Mooel
Pol Years
HC Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
CO Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1966
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
NOx Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992+
Test Segment 1

i
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
B1
.2820
.3450
.3980
.0914
.7957
.8662
.2436
.2304
.2688
.2349
.2349
.2349
.2349
.3023
.2770
.4420
.5730
.0939
.6454
.5738
.4554
,2307
.8508
.5788
.5680
.5572
.5559
. 5OS4
. 1210
01
0.0250
0.0740
0.0600
0.4073
0. 1898
0.2721
0.2100
0.2289
0.2603
0.2579
0.2579
0.2579
0,2579
0.2623
0.0330
0.0710
0.0540
0.3129
0.1633
0.2181
0. 1471
0. 1795
0.2342
0. 1945
0. 1958
0. 1973
0. 1974
0.2028
O.OO90
. 1 990-0. OO40
.2620
.3666
. 3O33
.0029
.1665
. 24O8
.3532
.3974
.3976
.4113
.4113
.4452
0.0220
0 . 0444
0.0061
0. 1343
0.0724
0.0833
0.099O
0.1094
0. 1103
0. 1 1 14
0. 1 114
0.1151
Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 2 Test Segment
B2
0.9730
0.9460
0.8850
0.6714
0.4428
0.6530
0.2334
0.2289
0.2025
0 . S304
0.6304
0.6304
0.6304
0.6120
1 .0170
0.9960
0 . 9020
0.6895
0.4526
0.3799
0.2186
0 . 3032
0.4456
0 . 8083
0 . 8 1 34
0.8179
0.8182
0 . 8408
0.7850
D2
0 . 0280
0.0540
0.0550
0.2752
0.2024
0 . 2902
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0 . 0290
0.0420
0.0790
0.1805
0.1020
0.1362
0.0914
0, 1115
0.1455
0 . 1 209
0.1216
0.1226
0. 1226
0.1260
0.0010

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
B3
8390
8420
9190
8035
7084
2540
7701
7885
8100
7736
7736
7736
7736
7577
7580
6740
7550
7671
8032
9959
6385
6465
6615
9291
9275
9271
9274
9216
03
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.3190-0
0.7930-0-0020
0.7700
0.7444
0 . 8077
0.9223
0.8849
0.8611
0.8251
0.8384
0.8336
0.8294
0 . 8294
0.8185
0.0040
0.0278
0.0184
0.0358
0.0161
0.0185
0 . 0220
0.0243
0.0245
0.0248
0 . 0248
0.0256




1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2450
2420
2111
1381
1461
0941
0834
O672
OO85
0175
0151
0151
0104
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.0190
.0480
. 0360
.2972
. 1645
.2358
. 1633
. 1781
.2025
.2006
.2006
.2006
.2006
.2040
.0250
.0330
.0290
.1479
.1076
. 1436
.0971
.1185
.1546
.1284
. 1292
.1302
.1303
.1339
.0090
.0060
.0270
.0333
,0245
.0537
.0322
.0370
.0440
.0486
.0490
.0495
.0495
.0512
3 Total Test
BO
1.0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1.0000
1.0000
1 .0000
1 0000
1.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
DO
0.0249
0.0565
0.0508
0.3082
0. 1898
0.2721
0. 1867
0.2035
0.2314
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2292
0.2331
0.02S7
0.0455
0 . 0602
0. 1985
0.1163
0. 1553
0. 1043
0. 1272
0. 1660
0. 1379
0. 1387
0. 1398
0. 1399
0. 1438
1,0000-0.0001
1.0000-0.0002
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.OOOO
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
0.0140
O.O333
0.0184
0.0627
0.0322
0 . 0370
0 . O440
0 . 0486
O.O490
0.0495
O.O495
0.0512
NOTE :  The fractions given in this table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mod*/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           OENOM
            w
            X
           TCF(b)
[(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS)/OENOM].
   W   *TCF(1)"(B1+D1-M),
(1-W-X)*TCF(2)«(B2+D2*M).
   X   -TCF(3)«(B3*03*M),
BO + DO"M.
Fraction of VMT in the cold start
Fraction of VMT in tne  riot start
Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
year, for test segment D.
Cumulative mileage / 10.000 miles.
mode,
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                     H-220

                                 TABLE 2.3.8A

              AIR CONDITIONING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                                 HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

                      * ACCF- U*V*(A + BMT-75)  -1)  + 1
   Model
   Years
          HC
                                            CO
                                                        NOx
  Pre-1979  0.1023E+01 0.33UE-02  0.1202E+01 0.l8o8E-02  0.1299E+01
   1979-1-    O.IOOOE-i-01 0.3512E-02  0.1130E+01 0.1528E-02  0.1221E+01 O.U262E-03
* WHERE :

    ACCF
    V
    U

    Dl
    DILO
    DIHI
    DB
    WB
    T
Air Conditioning Correction Factor,
Fraction of vehicles equipped with AC given  in Table 2.3-8B,
Fraction of vehicles with AC that are using  it -  (Dl-DlLO)/ (DIHI-DI),

Discomfort index -  (DB+WB) *.i*+15.
The highest discomfort index where no AC  is  used.
The lowest discomfort index where all vehicles with AC use  it,
Dry bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Wet bulb temperature  (Fahrenheit),
Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit).
                               TABLE  2,3-86

                           ESTIMATED  FRACTION OF
                               HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
                       EQUIPPED WITH  AIR CONDITIONING

                        Model        Fraction  Equipped
                        Years      With Air Conditioning

                       Pre-1977          0.32
                        1977             0.52
                        1978+            0.39
                      DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                     H-221

                 TABLE 2.3.8C

  EXTRA LOAD CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

          * XLCF =  (XLC-1)*U + 1

      Model        Coefficients  (XLC)
      Years      HC
     Pre-1970   1.0786   1.2765   0.9535
    1970-1973   1.0495   1.1384   1.0313
    1974-1978   1.0556   1.1347   1.0753
      1979+     1.0455   1.3058   1.0719
* WHERE
      XLCF * Extra load correction factor,
      U    = Fraction of VMT with an extra load,
      XLC  * Correction factor coefficient.
                TABLE 2.3-8D

TRAILER TOWING CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II

           * TTCF -  (TTC-1)*U + 1

      Model         Coefficients (TTC)
      Years       HC       CO       NOx
     Pre-1970   1.2614   1.9327   1.1184
    1970-1973   1.2762   1.8940   1.1384
    1974-1978   1.7288   2.1414   1.2170
      1979+     1-5909   3-9722   1.3875

  WHERE :

    TTCF » Trailer towing correction factor,
    U    • Fraction of VMT towing a trailer,
    TTC  • Correction factor coefficient.
DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                          H-222

                                      TABLE 2.3-9A

                              TAMPERING AND MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                           LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
   Area
Model
Years
                                                                       50,000  100,000
Non-l/M  Pre-1981
           1981 +
With I/M Pre-1981
           1981+
System
        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi Her Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Fi1ler Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        Filler Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueied
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap

        Air Pump Disablement
        Catalyst Removal
        EGR System Disabled
        F i11er Neck Damaged
        Fuel Tank Misfueled
        Total Misfueled
        PCV System Disabled
        Cannister Disconnect
        Both Cannister & Cap
Zero Mi le
Level
0.2155
0.2267
0.1037
0.1462
-0.0375
0.1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
-0.0274
-0.0100
-0.0139
0.0087
0.0231
0.0318
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.01*37
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
-0.0044
0.0085
0.0068
0.0059
0.0097
0.0156
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0. OOUig
0.01801
0.01832
0.02619
0.02071*
0.01371*
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.001*19
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0. 033^2
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.013lt9
0.01l*8A
0.00871*
0.00618
0.00370
0.00380
0.0055*»
0.00931*
0.00315
0.0131*9
0.011*81*
Det.
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03681*
0.00857
0.04541
O.OOUig
0.01801
0.01832
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.00926
-0.00212
0.00714
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.00380
0.00554
0.00934
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
Mile
Level
0.3W
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.104
0.094
0.055
0.055
0.013
0.067
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
0.039
0.039
0.025
0.025
0.037
0.062
0.009
0.049
0.053
Mi le
Level
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.235
0.207
0.164
0.101
0.002
0.103
0.040
0.162
0.171
0.358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
0.117
0.206
0.079
0.044
0.065
0.109
0.025
0.116
0.127
DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                      H-223

                                  TABLE 2.3-9B

                                EXCESS EMISSIONS
                       DUE TO TAMPERING AND/OR MISFUELING
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
                          Emi ss ion
Excess Emissions (g/mi)  Idle
Type of Tamper i nq Control System
Air Pump Disablement Oxidation

3way/0x idat i on 3 way





Catalyst Removal Oxidation

3way/0x idat ion 3 way


,otal Misfueled Oxidation

3way/0x idat ion 3way


EGR System Disabled




EGR System Disabled and Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled and Total Misfueled
Pol lutant
HC
CO
HC
Pre-1985
1985+
CO
Pre-1985
1985+ .
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
HC
CO
HC
CO
NOx
NOx
Pre-1979
1979-1978
1979-1987
1988+
NOx
NOx
FTP
1
30
0


21


3
28
2
13
l
2
20
1
6
0

1
3
3
1
3
1
.37
.61
.85


.02


.05
.01
.01*
.74
• 52
.47
• 96
.kk
• 57
.57

.21
.31
.48
.23
.39
• 99
Baa 1
1
3^
1


31


2
41
1
16
1
2
46
1
8
0

1
3
4
1
3
2
.80
.67
.36


.80


-31
.40
.80
.32
.49
• 30
.50
.42
.08
.64

.40
.82
.11
.36
.02
.12
Baj
1
33
0


18


3
28
2
14
1
2
13
1
6
0

0
2
2
1
3
1
g 2
• 37
• 90
.76


.21


.1*0
• 97
.25
.11
• 36
.57
.13
.56
.60
.45

• 96
.63
.68
• 19
.46
.85
gag 3
1
21
0


18


2
16
1
11
1
2
16
1
5
0

1
k
4
1
3
2
.04
.28
.61


• 25


• 95
.06
.81
.07
.83
.40
.62
.21
.37
.74

.54
.21
• 53
.21
.55
.16
(g/hr)
27
506

8
11

177
215
42
124
42
124
2
9
U
9
14
0







.38
.08

• 97
• 71

.43
•29
.83
.82
.83
.82
.31
.70
.18
.70
.18
.13







DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                   H-224
                               TABLE 2.3-9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS'1'
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS II
                Excess    --- RVP =  9-0 psi --   — RVP - 11.5 psi —
   Model      Crankcase   Hot Soak     Diurnal    Hot Soak     Diurnal
   Years      (Cm/Mi le)   (Gm/Test)     (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)

PCV System Disabled

 1964-1977        1.28
 1978-1979        1-27
   1980           1.24
   1981+          1.23

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1979                   23-50       68.06       36.39       150.33
 1979-1980                   17.28       25-22       24.05       55-71
   1981+ CARB                 8.45       24.88       18.00       54-94
   1981+ FINJ                 6.76       24.88       11.70       54.94

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1979                   23-50       68.06       36.39       150.33
 1979-1980                   17.28       25.22       24.05       55-71
   1981+ CARB                 0.0        24.88        0.0        54-94
   1981+ FINJ                 6.76       24.88       11.70       54.94


 * Hot  Soak emissions  - 82F  ambient  temperature,
   Diurnal emissions - 60 to 84F one hour  heat build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank  level.

 DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                          H-225

                      TABLE 2.3.9D

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
          LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  I
Fuel RVP
(PS I)
Emission Rate
80. OF 87. OF
(Grams/Mi le)
95. OF
105. OF
Cannister Disconnect
7-0
9-0
I0.it
11.7
Hissing Fuel
7-0
9.0
10.1*
11-7
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.54
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
0.42
1.30
2.36
3-37

0,84
1.85
3-43
17.28
0.90
2.04
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
44.93
1.85
4.29
4.97
11.97

2.44
15-58
28.51
44.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable to 1979* model year
  vani c1es.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                             H-226

                         TABLE 2.3-10A

                       METHANE OFFSETS*
                       FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I
  Model                     Methane Offsets  (g/mi)
  Years            	FTP       Bag 1        Bag 2       Bag 3

 Pre-1971*
1974-1978
1979-1980
1981-1983
   1981*
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988
   1989
   1990
   1991
   1992+
* Methane offsets are used to estimate nonmethane  hydrocarbon
  emissions (NMHC), i.e., NMHC »  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989
0.421
0.421
0.333
0.222
0.182
0.140
0.094
0.079
0.072
0.072
0.071
0.071
0.069
0.570
0.570
0.500
0.365
0.271
0.208
0.139
O.lig
0.109
0.108
0.108
0.108
0.105
0.420
0.420
0.310
0.193
0.167
0.128
0.085
0.071
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.064
0.062
0.310
0.310
0.250
0.170
0.145
0.112
0.076
0.065
0.059
0.059
0.058
0.058
0.057

-------
                                   H-227

                               TABLE  2.3.IOC

                     PERCENT TECHNOLOGY  DISTRIBUTIONS
                (EXHAUST AND EVAPORATIVE  EMISSION SYSTEMS)
                              FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED TRUCKS II
   Model
   Years

 Pre-1973
1973-1978
1979-1981
   1982
   1983
   1985
   1986
   1987
   1988+


Air Pump Oxidation
Only Catalyst
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0
0.0 100.0
0.0 90.0
o.o 70.0
0.0 60.0
o.o 50.0
o.o 15.0
o.o 15.0
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1970
1971-1978
1979+


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.0
30.0
1*0.0
50.0
85.0
85-0
Evaporative
Canister
0.0
0.0
5.0
100.0


EGR
System
0.0
30.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
PCV
System
0.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Ai r Pump &
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
75.0
75.0
55-0
55-0
50.0






EGR
System
£ 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.0
30.0
UO.O
50.0
85.0
85.0






   DATE : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                               H-228


                           TABLE 2.3.10D

                 PERCENT TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
                      (FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS)
                          FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
   Model                             Ported      Throttle-Body
  jyjsars           Carbureted    Fuel-Injected   Fuel -1 nlected
   1981                99-1             0.9             0.0
   1982                99-5             0.5             0.0
   1983                99-8             0.2             0.0
   198l»                97-8             2.2             0.0
   1985                88.6             6.8             4.6
   1986                58.5            23-7             17-8
   1987                26.5            ^3.2             30.3
   1988                19-3            Wt.fc             36.3
   1989                18-3            <*5-8             35-9
   1990                17.2            52.2             30.6
   1991                17-1            53-1             29.8
   1992+              12.9            55-7             31.4
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-
                                                         TABLE
                                         BY MODEL VEAft EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT OUTV GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19,  1989




January
1 of Calendar Vear
19B5 1986 19B7 1988 1989 199O t991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
HV* E** HV*
1966 32.7 1967
1967 32.6 1968
1968 25.2 1969
1969 25.1 1970
1970 22.3 1971
1971 22.1 1972
1972 22. O 1973
1973 21.8 1974
1974 2O. 6 1975
1975 2O. 4 1976
1976 2O. 3 1977
1977 2O. 1 1978
1978 20.0 1979
1979 6.2 198O
19BO 5.9 1981
19Bt 4.7 1982
19B2 3.1 19B3
1983 2.9 19B4
1984 2.6 1985
1985 1 .9 19B6

E** MY*
32.7 1968
25.2 1969
25.2 197O
22.4 1971
22.3 1972
22.1 1973
22. O 1974
2O. 7 1975
2O. 6 1976
2O. 4 1977
2O. 3 1978
2O. 1 1979
6.5 19BO
6.2 1981
5.1 1982
3.3 1983
3.1 1984
29 1985
2.O 1986
1.7 1987

E** MY*
25.3 1969
25.2 197O
22.5 1971
22.4 1972
22.3 1973
22.1 1974
2O. 8 1975
20.7 1976
2O. 6 1977
2O. 4 1978
2O. 3 1979
6.8 198O
6.5 1981
5.4 1982
3.5 1983
3.3 1984
3 . 1 1985
2 . 1 1986
1.8 1987
1.6 1988

E** MY*
25.3 197O
22.6 1971
22.5 1972
22.4 1973
22 .3 1974
20 9 1975
20.8 1976
20.7 1977
2O. 6 1978
2O. 4 1979
7 . 1 19BO
6.8 19B1
5.7 1982
3.7 1983
3.5 19B4
3.3 1985
2.2 19B6
2.O 19B7
1.7 1988
1 . 7 1989

E** MY*
22.7 1971
22 6 1972
22.5 1973
22.4 1974
21. O 1975
2O. 9 1976
2O. 8 1977
20.7 1978
2O. 6 1979
7.3 198O
7.1 1981
6.O 1982
3.9 1983
3.7 1984
3.5 1985
2.3 1986
2.1 1987
1.8 1988
1.7 1989
1 . 7 1990
January
E*« MY*
22.8 1972
22.7 1973
22.5 1974
21 . 1 1975
21.O 1976
2O. 9 1977
2O. 8 1978
2O. 7 1979
7.6 19BO
7.3 1981
6.3 19B2
4.0 1983
3.9 1984
3.7 1985
2.5 19B6
2.2 1987
20 1988
19 1989
1.8 199O
1.7 1991
E** MY*
22.8 1973
22.7 1974
21.2 1975
21.1 1976
21. O 1977
2O. 9 1978
2O. 8 1979
7.8 198O
7.6 1981
6.5 1982
4.2 1983
4.0 1984
3.9 19B5
2.5 1986
2.3 1987
2.1 1988
2.O 1989
1.9 199O
1.8 1991
1 . 7 1992
E** MY*
22.8 1974
21.3 1975
21.2 1976
211 1977
21. O 1978
21. O 1979
8.O 1980
7.6 1981
6.7 1982
4.3 1983
4.2 1984
4.O 1985
26 1986
24 1987
22 1988
2 1 1989
2O 199O
19 1991
18 1992
17 1993
E** MY*
21.4 1975
21.3 1976
21.2 1977
21.1 1978
21. O 1979
8 . t 1980
8 O 1981
69 1982
44 1983
4.3 1984
4.2 1985
2.7 1986
2.5 1987
2.3 1988
22 1989
2.4 1990
2O 1991
19 1992
1.7 1993
1.7 1994
E** MV*
21.3 1976
2t 2 1977
21 2 1978
21.1 1979
8.2 198O
81 1981
7.1 1982
45 1S83
44 1984
42 1985
27 1986
2.5 1987
2.3 1988
23 1989
22 199O
21 1 99 1
20 1992
1 8 1993
1 7 1994
1.6 1995
E** MY*
21.3 1977
212 1978
211 1979
8.4 19BO
8 2 198 1
72 1982
46 1983
45 1984
4 3 1985
28 1986
26 1987
24 1988
23 1989
23 199O
22 1991
2 1 1992
19 1993
1 8 1994
1 7 1995
1 6 1996
E**
21 . 3
212
85
8 3
7 3
4 6
4 5
4 4
2 8
2 6
24
2 4
2.3
2 2
2. 1
20
t 9
1 8
1 6
1 6
1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 2OO3 2O05 2OOB 2OtO 2O12 2O15 2018 2O2O
MV* E** MY*
1978 21.3 1979
1979 B.6 198O
198O B. 5 1981
1981 7.5 1982
1982 47 1983
1983 4.6 1984
1984 4.5 1985
1985 2.9 19B6
1986 2.7 1987
1987 2.5 t9BB
1988 2.5 1989
1989 2.4 199O
199O 2.3 1991
1991 2.2 1992
1992 2. 1 1993
1993 2.O 1994
1994 t .9* 1995
1995 1 .8 1996
1996 1.6 1997
1997 1.6 1998
E** MY*
8.7 I98O
B.6 1981
7.6 1982
4.8 1983
4.7 1984
4.6 1985
3.O 1986
2.8 1987
2.6 1988
2.6 1989
2.5 1990
2.4 1991
2.3 1992
2.2 1993
2.1 1994
2.O 1995
1.9 1996
1.B 1997
1.7 1998
1.6 1999
•MY -- Indicates the model
E** MV*
8.6 1981
7.7 1982
4.8 1983
4.7 1984
4.6 1985
2.9 19B6
2.7 1987
2.5 19B8
2.5 1989
2.5 1990
2.4 1991
2.3 1992
2.2 1993
2 . 1 1994
2.O 1995
.9 1996
.8 1997
.7 1998
.6 1999
.5 2OOO
year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/n
E** MV*
7.8 1984
4.8 1985
4.8 1986
4.7 1987
2.9 1988
2.8 1989
2.6 199O
2.6 1991
2.5 1992
2.4 1993
2.4 1994
2.3 1995
2.2 1996
2.1 1997
2.O 199B
.9 1999
.8 2OOO
.7 2O01
.5 2002
.5 2O03

1 le emission
E** MY*
4.9 1986
3.0 1987
2.9 1988
2.7 1989
2.7 1990
2.7 1991
2.6 1992
2.6 1993
2.5 1994
2.4 1995
2.4 1996
2.3 1997
2.2 1998
2 . 1 1999
2.O 2OOO
.9 2001
.8 2OO2
.7 2003
.5 2O04
.5 2005

level for
E** MV*
2.9 1989
2.8 199O
2.8 1991
2.7 1992
2.7 1993
2.6 1994
2.6 1995
2.5 1996
2.5 1997
24 1998
2.3 1999
2.3 2000
2.2 2OO1
2 1 2002
2O 20O3
.9 20O4
.8 2OOS
.7 2OO6
.5 20O7
.4 20O8

mode 1 year
E** MV*
2.8 1991
2.8 1992
2.8 1993
2.7 1994
2.7 1995
2.6 1996
2.6 1997
2.5 1998
2.5 1999
2.4 20OO
2.3 2OO1
2.3 2OO2
2.2 2OO3
2 . 1 20O4
2O 2OOS
9 2006
.8 20O7
.7 2008
.5 2OO9
.4 2O1O

E** MY*
2.8 1993
2.8 1994
2.8 1995
2 7 1996
27 1997
26 1998
26 1999
25 2OOO
2.5 2O01
2.4 2O02
2.3 20O3
23 20O4
2.2 2O05
2 . 1 2OO6
2 O 20O7
9 2008
8 20O9
.7 201O
.5 2O 1 1
.4 2O12

"MY" on January 1 of
E** MY*
2.8 1996
28 1997
28 1998
27 1999
2 7 20OO
26 2OO1
2.6 2002
25 2O03
2 5 2O04
24 2OO5
2 . 3 2OO6
2 . 3 2O07
22 2008
2 1 2009
2O 2O10
9 20 1 1
8 2012
7 20 13
5 2O14
.4 2015

E** MY*
2.8 1999
28 2000
2 8 2OO 1
2.7 2002
27 2003
2 6 2OO4
2 6 20O5
2 5 2OO6
2.5 2007
24 2008
2 3 2009
2.3 2O 1O
22 2O M
21 2012
2O 2O 13
9 201-1
8 2O 15
7 2016
5 2017
.4 20)8

the given calendar year
E«* MY*
28 2OO1
2 8 2OO2
2 8 2OO3
2 7 20O4
2 7 2OO5
2 6 2006
2 6 2OO7
2 5 2008
2 5 2OO9
24 2O1O
2.3 2O 1 1
23 2O 12
22 2O 13
21 2O 14
2O 2O 15
9 2016
.8 2O 17
7 2O 18
5 2O 19
4 2020

These
E**
2.8
2.8
2.8
2 7
2 7
2.6
26
25
2 5
2 4
2 3
23
22
2 1
2 .O
9
a
7
5
4


      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees f. 2O.6% of VH( traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized, and 27.38 of VMT  In hot start. 60 TO B4F diurnal. 75F for hot soak
      and running  loss emissions. 9.O psl fuel RVP. 54.57% average In-use fuel tank level,  Including refueling emissions
      Emissions are based on the January 1 nlleage accumulation figures given in Table 2.3 . 4A

-------
H-23O
                                                         TABLE 2.3.11B
                                                                                          DATE  : MAY  19.  1989
                                         BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                              LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS  II
                                                               CO
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985
NY* E**
1966 18O.S
1967 (79.9
1968 178.9
1969 177.8
197O 147.7
1971 146.3
1972 144.7
1973 143.0
1874 139.7
1975 137.7
1976 135.7
1977 133.4
1978 13O.9
1979 64.7
(980 61.8
1981 58. 6
1982 36.7
1983 34.5
1984 25.3
1985 1O. O
1986
MY* E**
1967 ISO. 8
1968 179.9
1969 178.9
197O 149. O
1971 147.7
1972 146.3
1973 144.7
1974 141.5
1975 139.7
1976 137.7
1977 135.7
1978 133.4
1979 67 . 3
198O 64.7
1981 61.8
1982 38.8
1983 36.7
1984 27.7
1985 1O. 8
1986 8.2
1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E** MY*
1968 ISO. 8 1969
1969 179.9 197O
197O 150.3 1971
1971 149. O 1972
1972 147.7 1973
1973 146.3 1974
1974 143.1 1975
1975 141.5 1976
1976 139.7 1977
1977 137.7 1878
1978 135.7 1979
1979 69.8 1980
198O 67.3 1981
1981 64.7 1982
1982 4O.7 1983
1983 38.8 1984
1964 29.9 1985
1985 12. O 1986
1986 9.O 1987
1987 6.4 1968
E** MY*
18O.8 197O
151.4 1971
ISO. 3 1972
149. O 1973
147.7 1974
144.6 1975
143.1 1976
141.5 1977
139.7 1978
137.7 1979
72.1 198O
69.8 1981
67.3 1982
42.4 1983
40.7 1984
32. O 1985
13.1 1986
1O. 2 1987
7.2 1988
7.6 1989
e** MY*
152.5 1971
151.4 1972
ISO. 3 1973
149. O 1974
146. O 1975
144.6 1976
143.1 1977
141.5 1978
139.7 1979
74 . 1 I98O
72.1 1981
69.8 1982
44. O 1983
42.4 1984
33.9 1985
14.2 1986
tt.3 1987
8.4 1988
8.4 1989
7.5 199O
E** MY*
152.5 1972
151.4 1973
ISO. 3 1974
147.3 1975
146. O 1976
144.6 1977
143.1 1978
141.5 1979
76.1 198O
74. 1 1981
72.1 1982
45.5 1983
44. O 1984
35.6 1985
15.1 1986
12.4 1987
9.5 1988
9.6 1989
8.3 199O
7.5 1991
E** MY*
152.5 1973
ISt 4 1974
148.4 1975
147.3 1976
146. O 1977
144.6 1978
143.1 1979
77.8 198O
76.1 1981
74. 1 1982
46.9 1983
45.5 1984
37.2 1985
16. O 1986
13.3 1987
1O. 5 1988
1O. 7 1989
9.5 199O
8.3 1991
7.5 1992
E** MY*
152.5 4974
149.5 1975
148.4 1976
147.3 1977
146 O 1978
144.6 1979
79.5 198O
77.8 1981
76.1 1982
48. 1 1983
46.9 1984
38.7 1985
16.8 1986
14.2 t987
11.4 1988
11.7 1989
1O. 6 199O
9.5 1991
83 1992
7.3 1993
E** MY*
ISO. 5 1975
149.5 1976
148.4 1977
147.3 197B
146. O 1979
81.O 19BO
79.5 1981
77.6 1982
49.3 1983
48. 1 1984
4O.1 1985
17.5 1986
15. O 19B7
t2.3 1988
12.7 19B9
It. 7 I99O
10.6 1991
9.5 1992
8 1 1993
7.3 1994
E** MY*
ISO. 5 1976
149.5 1977
148.4 197B
147.3 1979
82.3 I98O
81.O 1981
79.5 1982
5O.3 1983
49.3 1984
41.3 1985
tB.2 1986
15.7 1987
13. 1 1988
13.5 19B9
12.6 199O
11.6 1991
10 6 1992
9.3 1993
8 1 1994
7.3 1995
E** MY*
150.5 1977
149.5 1978
148.4 1979
83.6 19BO
82 3 1981
81. 0 1982
51.3 1983
SO. 3 1984
42.5 1985
18.8 1986
16.4 1987
13.9 198B
14.3 1989
13.5 199O
12.6 1991
11.6 1992
tO. 4 1993
93 1994
8 1 1995
73 1996
E* +
150.5
149.5
B4 .8
83.6
82 3
52.2
51 3
43.5
19 4
17. 0
14.5
15. 1
14.3
13.4
12.5
11.4
1O 4
93
8. 1
7 .3
January 1 of Cat endar Year
1997
MY* £*•
1978 ISO. 5
1978 85.9
198O 84.8
t981 83.6
1962 53. 0
1983 52.2
1984 44.5
1985 19.9
1986 17.6
1987 15.2
1988 15.8
1989 15. 0
199O 14.2
1991 13.4
1992 12.4
1993 11.4
1994 1O. 4
1995 9.3
1996 8.1
1997 7 . 3
1998
MY* E**
1979 86.9
19BO 85.9
1981 84.8
1982 53.8
1983 53. O
1984 45.4
1985 2O. 4
1986 18. 1
1987 15.7
1988 16.4
1989 15.7
199O 15. O
1991 14.2
1992 13.2
1993 12.4
1994 11 4
1995 1O. 4
1996 9.3
1997 8.1
1998 7.3
*MV -- Indicates the
**E -- Indicates the
1999 2OOO 20O3 2O05 2OO8 2O10 2O12 2015 2O18 2O2O
MY* E** MY*
198O 86.9 1981
1981 85.9 1982
1982 54.5 1983
1983 53.8 1984
1984 46.2 1985
1985 2O. 9 1986
1986 18.6 1987
1987 16.3 1988
1988 17 .O 1989
1989 16.3 199O
199O 15.7 1991
1991 15. O 1992
1992 14. O 1993
1993 13.2 1994
1994 12.4 1995
1995 11.4 1996
1996 1O. 4 1997
1997 9.3 1998
1998 8.1 1999
1999 7.3 2OOO
mode 1 year .
E** MY*
86.9 1984
55.2 1985
54.5 1986
47. O 1987
21.3 1988
19. 1 1989
16.8 199O
17.5 1991
16.9 1992
16.3 1993
15.6 1994
14.8 1995
14. O 1996
13.2 1997
12.4 1998
11.4 1999
10.4 2OOO
9.3 2OO1
8 . 1 2O02
7.3 2003

E** MY*
49. O 1986
22.3 1987
2O. 2 1988
18. O 1989
18.9 199O
18.4 1991
17.9 1992
17.4 1993
16.7 1994
16.1 1995
15.5 1996
14.8 1997
14. O 1998
13.2 1999
12.4 2OOO
tl.4 20O1
1O. 4 20O2
9.3 2OO3
8 . t 2OO4
7.3 2005

average grams/mile emission level for
E** MY*
2O. 9 1989
18.7 199O
19.6 1991
19.2 1992
18.8 1993
18.3 1994
17.7 1995
17.2 1996
16.7 1997
16.1 1998
15.5 1999
14 8 2OOO
14. O 20O1
13.2 2OO2
12.4 2O03
It 4 2O04
1O. 4 2O05
9.3 2O06
8 . 1 20O7
7.3 20OB

mode 1 year
E*» MY*
2O. 2 1991
19.8 1992
19.5 1993
18.9 1994
18.5 1995
18.1 1996
17.7 1997
17.2 1998
16.7 1999
16 . 1 2OOO
15.5 2OO1
14.8 2OO2
14. O 2OO3
13.2 2OO4
12.4 2O05
11.4 2O06
1O. 4 2O07
9.3 2O08
8 . 1 2OO9
7.3 201O

E * * MY *
2O. 1 1993
19.6 1994
19.3 1995
IB 9 1996
18.5 1997
18. 1 1998
17.7 1999
17.2 20OO
16 7 2O01
16 1 2OO2
15.5 2O03
14.8 2OO4
14. O 2OO5
13.2 2006
12.4 20O7
11.4 2OO8
1O. 4 2O09
9.3 2O1O
81 20 11
7.3 2O12

"MY" on January 1 of
E * • MV *
19.9 1996
19.6 1997
19.3 1998
18.9 1999
18.5 2OOO
18 1 2OO1
17.7 2O02
17.2 2OO3
16 7 2O04
16 1 20O5
15 5 2O06
14 8 2OO7
t4,O 2008
13.2 2009
12.4 2O 1O
11.4 2011
1O. 4 2O 12
9.3 2O 13
8.1 2O 1 4
73 2O15

E** MY*
19.9 1999
19.6 2OOO
19.3 2O01
18.9 2O02
18.5 2003
18. 1 2004
17.7 2OO5
17.2 2OO6
16.7 20O7
16. t 2008
15.5 2009
14.8 201O
14.O 2O 1 1
13 2 2O 12
12 4 2O13
11.4 2O14
10.4 2015
9.3 2016
8.1 20 17
73 2O18

E** MY*
19.9 20O1
19.6 2OO2
19 3 2O03
IB 9 2O04
18.5 20O5
18 1 2O06
17 7 20O7
172 2OO8
16.7 2OO9
16 1 201O
15.5 2O It
14 8 2O 12
1 4 . O 2O 1 3
132 20 14
12 4 20 15
114 2O16
1O. 4 2O17
9.3 2018
B 1 2O 19
7 3 2O2O

E**
19.9
19.6
19.3
IB. 9
18.5
18 1
17.7
17 2
16.7
16 1
15 5
14 8
14. 0
132
12 4
11.4
10 4
93
8 1
73

the given calendar year. These
      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH, TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O 6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start, 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3'/. of VMT  In hot start.  Emissions are based on
      the January  t mileage accumulation figures given  In Table 2.3.4A.

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BV MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                               LIGHT DUTY GASOLINE POWERED TRUCKS I!
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19.  1989
1985
(986
(987
January 1 of Calendar Year
1988 (989 (99O 1991 1992 (993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E • * MY* E** MY* E * * HY* E«* MY* E** MY* E « • MY* E** MY* E** MY* E**
1966 3.1 1967 3.1 1968 3.1 1969 3.1 19TO 4.3 1971 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 3.8 1975 38 1976 38 1977 38
1967 3.1 1968 3.1 (969 3.1 197O 4.3 197 t 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 3.8 1975 3.8 1976 3.8 1977 38 1978 38
1968 3.1 1969 3.1 197O 4.3 1971 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 3.7 1975 37 1976 37 1977 37 197S 3.7 1979 2 O
1969 3.1 197O 4.3 1971 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 37 1975 3.7 1976 3.7 1977 37 1978 37 1979 19 198O
197O 4.3 1971 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 3.7 1975 3.7 1976 3.7 1977 3.7 1978 37 1979 1.9 I98O 19 1981
1971 4.3 1972 4.3 1973 4.3 1974 3.7 1975 3.7 1976 3.7 1977 3.7 1978 3.7 1979
1972 4.3 1973 4.3 t974 3.7 1975 3.7 1976 3.7 1977 37 1978 3.7 1979
(973 4.3 1974 3.6 1975 3.6 1976 3.6 1977 3.6 (978 3.6 (979
1974 36 1975 3.6 (976 3.6 1977 3.6 1978 3.6 (979
(975 3.6 1976 3.6 (977 3.6 1978 3.6 1979
1976 3.5 1977 3.5 1978 3.5 1979
(977 3.5 1978 3.5 1979
1978 3.S 1979
1979
19BO
(981
(982
1983
1984
1985
.5 198O
.4 1981
.3 1982
.6 1983
.5 1984
.3 1985
.2 (986
5 198O
.5 1981
.4 1882
.6 1983
.6 1984
.4 (985
.3 1986
.6 198O
.5 1981
.5 1982
.7 1983
.6 1984
.5 1985
.4 1986
. 1 1987
.7 19BO
.6 1981
.5 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.6 (985
.4 1986
.2 (987
.7 1980
.7 1981
.6 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
.5 1986
.3 1987
8 198O
.7 198 (
. 7 (982
.8 1983
.7 1984
.8 1985
.5 1986
.3 1987
. t 1988
.8 198O
8 1981
.7 1982
.8 1983
.8 1984 3
.9 1985
.6 1986
.4 1987
. t 1988
.O 1989
8 (980
.8 ( 98 (
8 1982
8 1983
8 1984 ;
.O 1985
6 1986
4 1987
. 2 1988
. 1 1989
O 1990
9 198O ( .9 1981 1 9 1982
a i9Bi
.8 1982
.9 1983
.8 1984 J
O 1985
.7 1986
5 1987
.2 1988
. 1 1989
. 1 1990
.O 1991
8 1982 19 1983
9 1983 1 9 1984 i
.9 19B4 2. 1 1985
. 1 19B5 1 .7 1986
7 1986 1 .5 1987
.5 1987 1 3 1988
3 1988 12 19B9
.2 1989 1 .2 199O
. t 1990 t . 1 1991
O 1991 10 1992
O 1992 1 0 1993
9
9
9
.9
2
8
6
4
2
2
1
. t
O
O
.O 1988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O 9 (991 0.9 1992 O 9 1993 O 9 1994 O 9
.O 1988 O.9 (989 O.9 (99O O 9 1991 O 9 1992 O 8 1993 OB 1994 OS 1995 O 8
.1 1987 O.9 1988 O.8 1989 O.8 (990 O8 199 t O 8 1992 O.B 1993 0.8 1994 O 8 1995 OS 1996 O 8
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 2OOO 20O3 2OO5 20OB 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2018 2O2O
MV* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E*» MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E»* MV* E** MY* E**
1978 3.8 1979 2.O 19BO 2.O 1981 2.O 1984 2.4 1986
1979 2.O 1980 2.O 1981 2.O 19B2 2.O 1985
198O 2.O 1981 2.O 1982 2.O 1983 2.O 1986
1981
1982
1983
1984 1
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
199 (
(992
1993
1994
.9 1982
.9 1983
.9 (9B4 3
.2 (9BS
.8 1986
6 1987
.4 1988
.3 (989
.2 (99O
.2 1991
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
.O (994
.O (995
.9 1983 (.9 1984 2.4 1987
.9 1984 2.3 1985
.3 1985
.8 1986
.6 1987
4 1988
.3 (989
.3 (99O
.2 1991
.2 1992
. 1 (993
. ( (994
0 (995
.O (996
.8 1986
.7 1987
.5 19B8
.3 1989
.3 I99O
.3 (991
.2 1992
.2 1993
. ( 1994
. 1 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
.9 1988
.7 1989
.5 199O
.4 199 1
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 (994
.2 (995
.2 1996
. 1 (997
. 1 1998
.O 1999
.O 2OOO
.9 1987
.7 (988
.6 1989
.4 1990
.4 (991
.4 (992
.4 (993
.3 (994
.3 (995
.2 (996
.2 1997
.2 1998
. 1 1999
. t 20OO
.O 2OO1
.0 2002
.8 1989
.6 199O
.5 199 (
5 1992
4 1993
.4 1994
.4 1995
.3 1996
.3 (997
3 1998
.2 (999
2 2OOO
2 2001
. 1 2OO2
. 1 2OO3
.O 2OO4
.0 2005
.5 1991
.5 (992
.5 (993
.4 (994
.4 (995
.4 (996
.4 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.3 2OOO
.2 2001
.2 2OO2
.2 2003
. ( 2OO4
. 1 2OO5
.O 2OO6
.O 2O07
5 1993
5 1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
.3 2OOO
.3 2O01
.3 2002
2 2003
2 2004
.2 20O5
( 2006
. t 2007
.O 20O8
.O 2OO9
5 1996
5 1997
4 1998
.4 1999
4 2OOO
4 2001
4 2002
3 2OO3
.3 2O04
3 2005
2 2006
2 2007
.2 2008
1 2009
. t 2O10
O 2O1 1
O 2012
.5 1999
.5 2OOO
4 2OO1
4 2OO2
4 20O3
4 2OO4
.4 2005
.3 2OO6
.3 20O7
3 2008
2 20O9
2 2O 1O
2 201 t
.1 2O 12
.1 2O 13
0 2014
O 2015
5 20O1
5 2OO2
4 2OO3
. 4 20O4
. 4 2OO5
4 2OO6
4 20O7
3 2OO8
3 20O9
3 2O 1O
2 201 t
2 20 12
2 2013
1 20 14
1 20t5
O 2O 16
O 20 17
.5
.5
.4
.4
4
4
4
3
. 3
3
2
2
.2
t
. 1
O
O
1995 O.9 1996 O.9 1997 O.9 (998 O.9 2OO1 O 9 2OO3 O.9 2OO6 O.9 2OO8 O 9 2O1O O 9 2O13 O 9 2O16 O.9 2O18 O 9
1996 O.8 1997 O.8 1998 O.8 1999 O.8 2OO2 O.8 2004 O.8 20O7 O.8 2O09 O.8 2O11 08 2014 O.8 2O17 0.8 2019 O.8
1997 O.8 1998 O.8 1999 O.8 2OOO O.8 2OO3 O.B 2OO5 O.8 2OO8 O.8 2O1O O 8 2O12 OS 2O15 O 8 2O1B OS 2O2O OB
•MY -- Indicates the nodel year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level for model year "MY" on January 1  of the given calendar year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F.  2O 6% of VMT traveled
       In cold start, 52.(X of VMT In stabilized, and 27 3% of VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.3.4A.

-------
                                  H-232
                              TABLE 2.4, 1A

                 NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                              HIGH ALTITUDE
                  HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                         • BER = ZML * (DR - M)
        Model     Zero Mile   .Deterioration
  Pol   Years,	Emission Level
  50,000 Mile   100,000 Mile
Emission Level  Emission Level
HC
















CO
















NOx
















Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1960
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
198O
1981-1983
1984
198S
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001*
Pre-1963
1963-1969
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1961-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
199O
1991-2000
2001*
WHERE : BER -



ZML -
OR -
M «
26.870
26 . 320
13.250
13. 100
1 2 . 090
11 .460
9.810
5.000
4.700
4.450
A ,440
3. 120
2.730
1 .400
1.390
1 .390
1 .380
430.720
421.810
398.100
294.580
272.000
257.710
220.630
102.530
96.410
91.290
90.990
64.160
50.570
30.620
30.550
30 . 380
30.240
6.270
6,140
6.980
4.74O
4.370
4. 140
3. 550
3.970
3.730
3.530
3.520
3.480
3.470
3.470
3.410
2.820
2.810
0.370
0.360
0.390
0.260
0.240
0.220
0, 190
0.180
0.170
0. 160
0.160
0.050
0.050
0.090
0.090
0.090
0.090
S.760
5.640
7.050
6.670
6.160
5.830
4.990
4.790
4.510
4.270
4.250
0.860
0.860
0.640
0.640
0.640
0.640
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.090
0.080
0.070
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.050
0.050
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.040
0.040
0.040
28.720
28.120
15.200
14.400
13.290
12.560
10.760
5.900
5.550
5.250
5.240
3.370
2.980
1 .350
1 .840
1 .840
1.830
459.520
450.010
333.350
327.930
302 . 800
286 . 860
245 . 580
1 26 . 480
118.960
112.640
112.240
68.460
54.870
33.820
33 . 750
33 . 580
33 . 440
6.270
6.140
6.580
5.190
4.770
4.490
3.850
4.270
4.030
3.780
3.770
3.630
3.620
3.620
3.610
3.020
3.010
Nontampered basic exhaust •mission rates m
30.570
29.920
17. 150
15.700
14 .490
13.660
11 .710
6.800
6,400
6.050
5.040
3,620
3.230
2.300
2.290
2.290
2.280
488 . 320
478.210
368 . 600
361.280
333.600
316.010
270.530
150.430
141.510
133.990
133.490
72 . 760
59.170
37.020
36 . 950
36 . 780
36.640
6.270
6.140
6.580
5.640
5.170
4.840
4. 15O
4.570
4.330
4.030
4.020
3.780
3.770
3.770
3.810
3.220
3.21O
grams/mile.
Zero mile level In grams/mile,
Deterioration
Cumulative mi
rate in
leage /
grams/ml le/10K miles.
10.000 ml!«S.


DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                       H-233

                                   TABLE 2.1. 1B

                            EXHAUST EMISSION  RATES FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                            AT VARIOUS MILEAGE LEVELS
                            (RATES INCLUDE TAMPERING)
Moaei
POT Years
HC Pre-1970
1970- 1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
•979
'980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
19B8-1989
1990+
CO Pra-1970
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981
1982-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
199O
1991*
NOx Pr«-i970
1970-1973
1974
1975
1976
1977-1978
1979
1980
1981-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
199O
1991 +
Emission
. 	 OK 25K
26
13
13
12
1 1
9
5
4
4
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
421
298
294
272
257
220
102
96
91
91
91
64
SO
33
34
35
35
6
6
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
.320
.250
. 100
.090
.460
.810
.OOO
.700
.450
.490
.481
. 159
.769
.665
.746
.826
.810
- 100
.580
.000
.710
.630
.530
.410
. 29O
.668
.374
.530
.940
.884
.677
.293
. 123
.140
.583
.740
.370
.140
.550
.970
.730
.530
.520
.599
.595
.628
.622
.789
.199
27
14
13
12
12
10
5
5
4
4
4
3
2
2
2
2
435
315
311
287
272
233
114
107
101
102
102
66
53
36
37
38
38
6
6
4
4
4
3
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
3
.220
.225
.750
.690
.010
.285
.450
. 125
.850
.91 1
.903
.305
.915
.01 1
. 135
.260
.910
.725
.255
.400
.285
.105
.505
.685
.965
.534
. 193
.867
.277
.779
.964
.902
.732
.140
.580
.965
.570
.315
.700
.120
.880
.655
.645
.737
.736
.781
.773
.083
.493
SQJC
28. 120
15.200
14.400
1 3 . 290
1 2 . 560
10.760
5.900
5.550
5.250
5.331
5.324
3.450
3.060
2.355
2.520
2.689
450.010
333.350
327.930
302 . 800
286 . 860
245.580
126.480
118.960
112.640
1 1 3 . 395
1 13.0O6
69.198
55.608
39 . 648
41.212
42 . 464
42 . 294
6.140
6.580
5.190
4.770
4.490
3.850
4.270
4.030
3.780
3.770
3.874
3.877
3.934
3.923
4.377
3.787
Rate (Grams/Mile)

29
16
15
13
13
1 1
6
S
5
5
5
3
3
2
2
3
464
350
344
318
301
258
138
130
123
124
123
71
57
42
44
45
45
6
6
5
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
75K
.020
. 175
.050
.890
. 110
.235
.350
.975
.650
.750
.743
.593
.203
.690
.892
. 101
. 110
.975
.605
.200
.435
.055
.455
.235
.315
.237
.801
.512
.922
.437
.345
.881
.711
.140
.580
.415
.970
.665
.000
.420
.180
.905
.895
.011
.018
.086
.074
.668
.078
100K
29.920
1 7 . 1 50
15.700
14.490
13.660
1 1 . 710
6.300
6,400
6.050
S. 169
S . 163
3.738
3.347
3.005
3.245
3.498
478.210
368.600
361 .280
333.600
316.010
270.530
150.430
141 .510
133.990
135.093
134.610
73.839
60 . 249
44 . 947
47.20O
49.060
48 . 890
6. 140
6.580
5.640
5.170
4.840
4. 1SO
4.570
4.330
4.030
4.020
4. 149
4.158
4.239
4.225
4.959
4.369
_125K
30
13
16
15
14
12
7
6
6
6
6
3
3
3
3
3
492
386
377
349
330
283
162
152
144
145
145
76
62
47
49
52
51
6
6
5
5
5
4





4
4
4
5
4
.820
. 125
.350
.090
.210
. 185
.250
.825
.450
.590
.584
.883
.493
.309
.588
.887
.310
.225
.955
.000
585
.005
.405
.785
.665
.954
.424
.171
.581
.307
.902
.102
.932
.140
.580
.865
.370
.015
.300
.720
.480
.155
.146
.286
.299
.394
.378
.247
.657
150K
31 .720
1 9 , 1 OO
17. OOO
15.690
14,760
12.660
7.700
7 .250
s.aso
7.007
7.002
4.024
3.634
3.607
3.917
4.254
506.410
403.850
394,630
364 . 400
345. 160
295.480
174.380
164.060
155.340
156.783
156.206
78.472
64 . 882
49.570
52.452
54.935
54.765
6.140
6.580
6.090
5.570
5. 190
4.450
4.870
4.630
4.280
4.270
4.424
4.440
4.548
4.531
5.533
4.943
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-23**
                              TABLE 2.4.2A

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             OR HIGH ALTITUDE
                   HEAVY CuTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1981*
1985+
Crankcase
(Gm/Mi le)
7-35
0.0
0.0
	 RVP -
Hot Soak
(Gnu/Test)
23-50
23-50
2.75
9.0 psi —
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
55-03
55-03
6.08
— RVP »
Hot Soak
(Gm/Test)
35-96
35-96
6.21
11.5 psi -
Diurnal
(Gm/Test)
101.26
101.26
29-67
* Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature.
  Diurnal emissions - 60 to Bkf one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

Based on averages of  6.88 trips per day and 33*97 miles per day.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                 H-235

             TABLE 2.4.2B

      TAMPERING OFFSETS FOR TOTAL
CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HC EMISSIONS*
           FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
 HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
     AT VARIOUS MILEAGE INTERVALS

Fuel
9



11




RVP
.0



• 5



Model
Years
Pre-1967
1967-1979
1980-1983
1984+
Pre-1967
1967-1979
1980-1983
1984+
Tamper i
OK
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5JL
.0
.01
.01
.11
.0
.01
.01
.16
ing Offset (Grams/Mi le) **
50K
0.0
0.03
0.02
0.29
0.0
0.03
0.02
0.43
75K
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.47
0.0
0.04
0.04
0.69
100K
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.66
0.0
0.05
0.05
0.96
J_2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
5K
.0
.07
.06
.84
.0
.07
.06
.22
150K
0.0
0.08
0.08
1.02
0.0
0.08
0.08
1 .49
 * Based on calculated hot soak temperature of 82. OF,
   Diurnal temperature rise from 60.0 to 84. OF,
   Fuel RVPs of 9.0 and 11.5 psi with no weathering, tank  level of

** Based on averages of 6.88 trips per day and 33-97 miles per day.

 DATE : MAY 19, 1989
                                                  40.0%.

-------
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1985
  1985+
                                  H-236

                              TABLE 2.4.2C

                               NONTAMPERED
                          RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                  HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate
  (psi)        80.OF       87.OF
(Grams/Mile)
   95.OF
7.0
9.0
10.4
11.7
7-0
9.0
10.4
1 1 -7
0.36
0.58
1.06
2.88
0.24
0.39
0.68
1.72
0.52
1.50
2.70
3.85
0.42
1.20
1.70
2.30
1.13
2.62
4.00
8.20
0.97
2.21
2.38
4.79
2.16
4.81
5-63
13-64
1.39
2.88
3-23
7-90
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-237

                                  TABLE  2. *t. 20
•
Pre-1971
  1971
  1972
  1973
  1974
  1975
  1976
  1977
  1978
  1979
  1980
  1981
  1982
  1983
  84-1985
  1986
  1987
  1988
  1989
  1990
  1991
  1992
  1993
  1994
  1995
  1996
  1997
  1998
  1999
  2000+
                            REFUELING
                                   HIGH
                      HEAVY DUTY  GASOLINE
Fuel  Economy
 (miles/gal)

      6.4
      6.1
      5.7
      6.1
      6.5
      6.9
      6.8
      7-2
      7.7
      8.1
      8.8
      9.1
      9.4
      9-9
     10.0
     10.0
     10.1
     10.1
     10.2
                  10.3
                  10,
                  10.
                  10,
                  10.7
                  10.8
                  10
                  10
                  10
        ,9
        .9
        • 9
                  11.0
                  11.1
                           Uncontrolled
                           (grams/mj Lt)
  89
  95
  01
  95
  89
  83
  85
  81
  75
  71
  66
  63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.54
0.54
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.52
0-52
ISSIONS* FOR
LTITUDE
E POWERED VEH
With
Volati 1 i ty
Control**
(grams/mi lei
0.89
0.95
1.01
0.95
0.89
0.83
0.85
0.81
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.44
0.43
0.43
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.41


ICLES

With
Onboard**
J^rams/mi 1 e)
0.89
0.95
1.01
0-95
0.89
0.83
0.85
o.8l
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.58
0.58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.55
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
                                                                  With both
                                                                  Volati1ity
                                                                 and Onboard**
                                                                 (grams/mile)
                                                                          1
                                                                          0,
                                                                          0.
                                                                          0,
                                                                          0,
0.89
0.95
 .01
 .95
 .89
 .83
 .85
0.8i
0.75
0.71
0.66
0.63
 .61
 .58
 ,58
 • 58
0.57
0.57
0.57
0.56
0.56
0.05
0.05
0,05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
o.
0,
0.
0.
      * Refueling Emissions  (g/mi) • [Displacement  (g/gal)
        + Spillage  (g/gal)] / Fuel Economy  (mi/gal).

      ** Volatility control assumed to start  in  1992, with 7.0/7-8/9.0 RVP fuels
         for ASTM class A/B/C cities.  Onboard assumed to start  in  1993.
         and apply  to LOGVs, LDGTs, and HDGVs.

      DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
£21

 HC
 CO
                                             H-238

                                         TABLE  2.4.3

                        HOT STABILIZED  IDLE EMISSIONS  FOR  HIGH  ALTITUDE
                             HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES


                                                Emission Rate  (Grams/Hour)
wooei
Years
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1990
1991 +
Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
1984
1985
1986
1987-1989
1990
1991 +
Pre-1970
1970-1983
1984-1985
1986+

Zero Mi le
169.80
52.20
52.20
26.40
9.70
5.00
5.75
7.71
7.42
1545,00
408.00
408.00
425.40
292.33
59.72
75,38
127.78
127.22
124.89
3.00
1.80
7. 11
2.35

50 , 000 M 11 e
181 .80
64.20
58.20
29.40
27. 19
12.88
13.53
15.52
15.23
1 704 . 00
492.00
489.00
509 . 40
451 . 12
135,01
149.15
194.29
193.71
191. 16
3.00
1.80
7.11
2.35

100.000 Mile
193.80
76,20
64.20
32.40
42.53
20.52
21 . 13
23. 13
22.85
1863.00
576.00
570.00
593.40
593.24
205 . 49
218.52
260 . 46
259.86
257.21
3.00
1.80
7.11
2.35
 NOx
         •mission  1av«l  includes  tampering.

DATE  : MAY  19.  1989
50.000 Mile

   182.63
    65.03
    59.03
    30.23
    28.02
    13.71
    14.36
    16.35
    16.07

  1706.27
   494.27
   491.27
   511.67
   453.40
   137.28
   151.43
   196.57
   195.98
   193.44

     3,00
     1.80
     7. 11
     2.35
Level- 	
 100.000 Mile

     194.95
      77.35
      55.35
      33.55
      43.69
      21 .67
      22.29
      24.28
      24.00

    1866.09
     579.09
     373.09
     596.49
     596.33
     208.58
     221.62
     263.55
     262.95
     260.30

       3.00
       1.80
       7.11
       2.35

-------
                                 H-239
                             TABLE 2.k,k

                         REGISTRATION  MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             HIGH ALTITUDE
                 HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                                  Jan 1
 Model      July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
 Year    Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
                    (per vehicle*)	(f.leet)
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 lit
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
0.072
0.062
0.01*6
0.040

0.031*
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019

0.016
0.014
0.012
0.010
0.052
12048.
11093.
10213-
 9403.
 8657.

 7971.
 7339.
 6757-
 6221.
 5728.

 5273.
 4470.
 4116.
 3789.
0.072
0.062
0.054
0.046
0.040

0.034
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019

0.016
0.014
0.012
0.010
0.052
13086.
12048.
11093.
10213.
 9403.

 8657.
 7971-
 7339-
 6757.
 6221.

 5728.
 5273-
                                                   Jan I
                                                  Mileage
                                                Accumulation
                                                  (fleet)
1
2
3
k
5
0.065
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.084
18211.
16767.
15437.
14213-
13086.
0.0
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.084
0.
18211.
16767-
15437.
14213.
0.
9105.
26595-
42696.
57522.
 4470.
 4116.
 71171.
 83738.
 95308.
105961.
115769-

124799.
133113.
140768.
147816.
154305.

160279.
165780.
170844.
175506.
179799-
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model  year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l) • 0 and,
            JMAR(MYI) - MAR(MYI-l), MYI  - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-240

                                   TABLE 2.I*.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                       HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JANUARY 1, 1988

Model
Years
1988
1987
1986
1985
1981*
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1971*
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
(A)
(B)

HDGV Fleet Sales
Registration Fraction
0.0
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.084
0.072
0.062
0.051*
0.01*6
0.01*0
0.031*
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019
0.016
0.011*
0.012
0.010
0.052
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
(A*B)
0.0
0.131
0.113
0.097
0.081*
0.072
0.062
0.051*
0.046
0.01*0
0.031*
0.030
0.026
0.022
0.019
0.016
0.011*
0.012
0.010
0.052
(C=A*B/DAF)
HOGV
Registration
0.0
0.1UO
0.121
0.101*
0.090
0.077
0.066
0.058
0.01*9
0.01*3
0.036
0.032
0.028
0.021*
0.020
0.017
0.015
0.013
0.011
0.056
(D)
Annual Hi leage
Accrual Rate
0.
18211.
167&7.
W7.
11*213-
13086.
1201*8.
11093.
10213.
91*03.
8657.
7971.
7339.
6757.
6221.
5728.
5273.
1*855.
4i*70.
1*116.
(C*D/TFNORM)

(C*D)
0.0
255^.2
2028.6
1603.2
1278.3
1008.8
799-8
641.1*
503.0
1*02.7
315.1
256.0
201*. 3
159-2
126.6
98.1
79.0
62.1*
1*7-9
229.2
Travel
Fractions
0.0
0.206
0.164
0.129
0.103
0.081
0.065
0.052
0.041
0.032
0.025
0.021
0.016
0.013
0.010
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.018
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
                       DAF: 0.935
                                             TFNORM: 12397-5
- January 1 registration mix from Table 2.1*.4,
- Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
• Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.4.4.
DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                     H-2U1

                 TABLE 2.4.6

  SPEED  CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                 HIGH ALTITUDE
    HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

  * SCF (s)  = EXP(A + B*s + C*s**2),  HC & CO
           = A + B*s + C*s**2, NOx
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
Al 1
Al 1
Al 1
Coefficients
1
1
0
.60800
.52000
.82UOO
-0
-0
0
.09700
.09800
.00880
0
0
0
c
,00083
.00110
.0
* WHERE:   s • average speed  (mph).

DATE :  MAY ig. 1989

-------
                              H-2U2
                          TABLE 2.4.7A

     LOW (< 75F)  TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
               HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

                 * TCF = EXP [ TC*(T - 75-0)  ]
          Pollutant

               HC
               CO
               NOx
                Model
                Years

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
             W-1978
             1979-1983
               198if
               1985+

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
             197*»-'978
             1979-1983
               198A
               1985+

              Pre-1970
             1970-1973
             197^»-1978
             1979-1983
               1981*
               1985+
      TC
-0-58903E-02
-0.73870E-02
-0.1»9759E-02
-0.28549E-02
-0.7M07E-02
-0.92859E-02

-0.20576E-02
-0.42899E-02
•0.13085E-02
-0.77H7E-02
-0.60195E-02

-0.6A315E-02
-0.55'*56E-02
-0.13969E-02
-0.46352E-03
                                    -0.19733E-02
  WHERE :

    TCF  «

    T
    TC
» Low temperature correction factor for appropriate
  pollutant, ambient temperature  (< 75F)» and model year,
- Ambient temperature  (Fahrenheit),
- Low temperature correction factor coefficient for
  appropriate pollutant, and model year.
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                           H-243

                       TABLE 2.4.78

  HIGH  (>  75F)  TEMPERATURE  CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
              AND FUEL RVP  CORRECTION FACTORS
                     FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
            HEAVY OUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES

           " TCP  = EXP [ TCMT - 75.0) ],  Pre-1985
        TRCF -  EXP [  RCMRVP - 9.0) * TC"(T - 75.0)
               +  TRCMRVP - 9.0JMT - 75.0) ],  1985+
        £21

        HC
        CO
        NOx
  Model
... Yaa_rs_

 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
  1984
  1985*
 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
  1984
  1985*
 Pre-1970
1970-1973
1974-1978
1979-1983
  1984
  1985+
                         Parameter
                           TC
                           RC
                           TC
                          TRC

                           TC
                           RC
                           TC
                          TRC

                           TC
                           RC
                           TC
                          TRC
                                      CQef f icient
                                      0.
                                      0.
 0. 13458E-02
 0.52317E-02
  .54651E-02
   10082E-01
 0.20546E-01
 0.420SOE-01
 0.48358E-02
 0.0

 0.81720E-02
 0.20268E-01
 0.24127E-01
 0.22061E-01
 0.27019E-01
   13968E*00
   14943E-01
0.
0.
 0.0

-0.83986E-02
-0.86B80E-02
-0.18079E-O1
-0.748896-02
-0.21593E-01
-O.40024E-01
 0.0
 0.0
• WHERE :

    TCP  • High temperature correction factor for appropriate
           pollutant. anOient temperature, and model year.
    T    • Ameient temperature (Fahrenheit).
    TC   » High temperature correction factor coefficient for
           appropriate pollutant, temperature, and model year.
    TRCF • High temperature and fuel RVP correction factor
           for appropriate pollutant, ambient temperature,
           fuel RVP. and model year.
    RC   » Fuel RVP correction factor coefficient for
           appropriate pollutant, fuel RVP. and model year,
    RVP  • Fuel volatility in p«t.
    TRC  • ComDIned temperature and fuel RVP correction
           factor coefficient for appropriate pollutant.
           amoient temperature, fuel RVP, and model year.

DATE  : MAY 19. 1989

-------
                                          H-244

                                      TABLE  2.4.9A

                              TAMPERING  AND  MISFUELING RATES
                                     FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                           HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
Node!
Area Years System
Non- 1 /M All Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled
Fi Her Neck Damaged
Fuel Tank Misfueled
Total Misfueled
PCV System Disabled
Cannister Disconnect
Both Cannister 6 Cap
With I/M AH Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
EGR System Disabled
Fi Her Neck Damaged
Fuel Tank Misfueled
Total Misfueled
PCV System Disabled
Cannister Disconnect
Both Cannister & Cap
Zero Mile
Level
0.2155
0.2267
0.1037
0.1462
-0.0375
0.1087
-0.0022
-0.0185
-0.0121
0.2015
-0.0081
0.0880
0.0437
-0.0705
-0.0268
-0.0068
-0.0186
-0.0213
Det.
Rate 1
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03684
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
50,000
Det. Mile
Rate 2
0.02630
0.02260
0.02175
0.03&84
0.00857
0.04541
0.00419
0.01801
0.01832
0.01561
0.03342
0.01078
0.02806
0.01076
0.03882
0.00315
0.01349
0.01484
Level
0.347
0.340
0.212
0.330
0.005
0.336
0.019
0.072
0.079
0.280
0.159
0.142
0.184
0.0
0.167
0.009
0.049
0.053
100,000
Mi le
Level
0.478
0.453
0.321
0.515
0.048
0.563
0.040
0.162
0.171
0-358
0.326
0.196
0.324
0.037
0.361
0.025
0.116
0.127
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989
                                                                                         I

-------
                                         H-245

                                     TABLE 2.4.98

                                   EXCESS EMISSIONS
                          DUE TO TAMPERING AND/OR MISFUELING
                                   FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                         HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Type of Tampering

Air Pump Disablement
Catalyst Removal
                             Emission
                          Control  System^

                           Oxidation
                       3way/0xidation  3way
                           Oxidation
                        3way/Oxidation 3way
 .otal Misfueled
                           Oxidation


                       3way/0xidation 3way



EGR System Disabled



EGR System Disabled  and Catalyst Removal

EGR System Disabled  and Total Misfueled


   DATE : MAY 19.  1989
Pollutant

   HC
   CO

   HC
Pre-1985
 1985+
   CO
Pre-1985
 1985*

   HC
   CO

   HC
   CO
   NOx

   HC
   CO

   HC
   CO
   NOx

   NOX
Pre-1990
   1990+

   NOx

   NOx
 Excess Emissions (g/mi)  Idle
 FTP  Baa 1  Bag 2 Bag 3 (g/hr)

 1.37  1-80  1.37  1-01.  27-38
30.61 34-67 33-90 21.28 506.08
                                                         0.85  1-36  0.76  0.61
                                                         21.02 31.80 18.21  18.25
                                                                                  8.97
                                                                                  11.71

                                                                                 177.43
                                                                                 215-29
 3.05  2.31  3.40  2.95  42.8J
28.01 41.40 28.97  16.06  124.82

 2.04  1.80  2.25  1.81  1*2.83
13.7U 16.32 I**.11  11.07  124.82
 1.52  1.1.9  1-36  1.83   2.31

 2.U7  2.30  2.57  2.W   9.70
20.96 U6.50 13.13  1^.62  11*. 18

 1.1.1*  1.1.2  1.56  1.21   9-70
 6.57  8.08  6.60  5-37  14.18
 0.57  0.61*  0.45  0.74   0.13
                                                          1.21  1.40  0.96   1.54
                                                          3.31  3-82  2.63   4.21

                                                          3-39  3.02  3-46   3-55

                                                          1.99  2.12  1.85   2.16

-------
                                   H-2i»6
                               TABLE 2.4.9C

                         EXCESS CRANKCASE EMISSIONS
                             AND UNCONTROLLED
                    EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS*
                             FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                Excess    — RVP -  9.0 psi —   — RVP -  11.5  ps i  --
   Model      Crankcase   Hot Soak     Diurnal    Hot Soak     Diurnal
   Years      (Gm/Mi le)    (Cm/Test)     (Cm/Test)    (Cm/Test)    (Gm/Test)

PCV System Disabled
   1981+          1.29

Cannister Disconnect

  Pre-1985                   23-50       68.06       35-96       150.33
   1985+                     19.07       36.28       30.30        80.12

Missing Fuel Cap

  Pre-1985                   23-50       68.06       35-96       150.33
   1985+                     19.07       36.28       30.30        .80.12
 * Hot Soak emissions - 82F ambient temperature,
   Diurnal emissions - 60 to Bkf one hour heat build,
   No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

 DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                          H-247

                      TABLE 2.4.90

                      UNCONTROLLED
                RUNNING LOSS EMISSIONS*
                    FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
          HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES


Fuel  RVP             Emission Rate (Grams/Mile)
              80. OF       87. OF
Cannister Disconnect
7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7
Missing Fuel
7-0
9.0
10.4
11.7
0.33
0.52
0.95
2.54
Cap
0.60
1.23
2.09
3.62
0.42
1.30
2.36
3-37

0.84
1.85
3.43
17.28
0.90
2.0k
3-52
7-19

1.28
3-31
15.30
44.93
1.85
4.29
4.97
11-97

2.44
15-58
28.51
44.93
* Uncontrolled emissions applicable  to  1985+ model year
  vehicles.

DATE  : MAY  19, 1989

-------
               H-248

           TABLE 2.4.10A

         METHANE OFFSETS*
         FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
   Model              Methane Offsets
   Years                (Grams/Mi1e)

  Pre-1979               0.910
 1979-1986               0.600
   1987+                  0.350
 * Methane offsets are used to estimate
   nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions (NMHC),
   i.e.,  NMHC =  Total HC - Methane Offset.

 DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                 H-249


             TABLE 2.4.10B


          CONVERSION FACTORS
           FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
  HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
     Model
     Years

    Pre-1962
     1962
     1963
     1964
     1965
     1966
     1967
     1968
     1969
     1970
     1971
     1972
     1973
     1974
     1975
     1976
     1977
     1978
     1979
     1980
     1981
     1982
     1983
     1984
     1985
     1986
     1987
     1988
     1989
     1990
     1991
     1992
     1993
     1995
     1996
     1997+
Conversion
 factors*

    548
    536
    536
    527
    516
    518
    497
    479
    449
    449
    437
    419
    422
    313
    244
    073
    057
    022
  0.961
  0.935
  0.912
  0.884
  0.907
  0.896
  0.894
  0.897
  0.895
  0.894
  0.893
  0.893
  0.892
  0.891
  0.890
  0.
  0
  0
,887
,886
  0.885
* Convert from grams/brake-hoursepower/hour
  to grams/mile units.


DATE :  NAY 19, 1989

-------
               H-250

           TABLE 2.4. IOC

         TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS
         EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEMS)
          FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
                  PERCENT
              (EXHAUST AND


Model
Years
Pre-1982
1982-1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990+


A i r Pump
Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
7-0
7-0


Oxidation
Catalyst
0.0
5.0
5-0
5-0
15-0
25.0
30.0


3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
15-0
15-0
25-0


EGR
System
0.0
0.0
95-0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
A i r Pump £
Oxidation
or 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
30,0
30.0
30.0
EGR
System
£ 3Way
Catalyst
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
15-0
15-0
25-0
Model
Years
Pre-1968
1968-1984
1985+
Evaporative PCV
Canister System
0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0
100.0 100.0
DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                                          TABLE^BT
                          1 1A

BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
     HEAVY DUTY GASOLINE POWERED VEHICLES
               TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                           DATE :  MAY 19.  1989
January t of Calendar
1985
MV +
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
)973
1974
J975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
(985
E**
46.9
46.7
39.2
39. 0
26.2
26. 0
25.7
25.5
23.3
21 .8
2O. 7
18.6
18.4
13.2
12.6
12. 1
It. 9
11.6
1 1.3
5. 1
1986
MY*
1967
1968
1969
(97O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
E**
46.9
39.4
39.2
26.4
26.2
26. O
25.7
23.5
22.0
2O. 9
18.7
18.6
13.4
12.9
12.3
12.1
11 .9
1 1 .6
5. 1
4.7
1987
MV*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
198 1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
E**
39.5
39.4
26.6
26.4
26.2
26.0
23.7
22.2
21. 1
18.9
18.7
13.6
13. 0
12.5
12.3
12. t
tl .9
5.2
4.7
3.4
1988 1989
MY*
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
198 1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
E** MY*
39.5 1970
26.8 1971
26.6 1972
26.4 1973
26.2 1974
23.8 1975
22.4 1976
21.3 1977
19. 1 1978
18.9 1979
13.8 198O
13.2 1981
12.7 1982
12.5 1983
12.3 1984
12.1 1985
5.3 1986
4.8 1987
3.4 1988
3.4 1989
E**
27.0
26.8
26.6
26.4
24. 0
22.5
21.4
19.2
19. t
14.0
13.4
12.9
12.7
12.5
12.3
5.4
4.9
3.6
3.4
3.4
199O 1991
MY*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
198 t
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
January
1997
MY*
1978
(979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
19.8
14.7
14.2
13.7
13.6
13.5
13.4
5.6
5.2
4.3
4.3
4 .2
4. 1
4 .O
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.2
1998
MV*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
4985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
14.8
14.2
13.7
13.7
13.6
13.5
5.6
5.2
4 .4
4.3
4.2
4. 1
4.0
3 .9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.2
1999
MY*
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
14.3
13.8
13.7
13.6
13. 5
5.6
5.2
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.2
4. 1
4.O
3.9
3.8
3.6
3.5
3.4
3.2
3. 1
20OO 20O3
MV*
198 1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
E** MV*
13.8 (984
13-7 1985
13.7 1986
13.6 1987
5.6 1988
5.2 1989
4.4 1990
4.4 1991
4.3 1992
4.2 1993
4.1 1994
4.1 1995
4.0 1996
3.9 1997
3.7 1998
3.6 1999
3.5 2OOO
3.3 2OO1
3.2 2OO2
3 . t 2OO3
E**
13.7
5.6
52
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.2
4 1
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.4
3.3
3. 1
3.0
E** MV*
27.0 1972
26.9 1973
26.7 1974
24.2 1975
22.7 1976
21.6 1977
19.4 1978
19.3 1979
14.2 1980
13.6 1981
13. 1 1982
12.9 1983
12.8 1984
12.6 f9B5
5.5 1986
5.0 1987
3.8 1988
3.7 1989
3.5 1990
3.4 1991
E**
27. 1
26.9
24.4
22.9
21 .8
19.6
19.5
14.4
13.8
13.3
13 t
13. 0
«2.8
5.6
5.2
4.0
3.9
3.7
36
3.5
1 of Calendar
2005 20O8
MV*
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2OO1
2002
2O03
20O4
2005
E** MY*
5.3 1989
4.6 199O
4.6 1991
4.5 1992
4.5 1993
4.4 1994
4.4 1995
43 1996
4.2 1997
42 1998
4 . 1 1999
4.O 2OOO
3.9 2OO1
3.8 2OO2
3.7 2OO3
3.5 2OO4
3.4 2OO5
3.3 2O06
3 . 1 20O7
3.O 2OO8
E«*
4.7
4.6
4 .6
4.5
4.5
4 .4
44
4.3
4.2
4 .2
4. 1
4.O
39
3.8
37
3.5
3.4
3.3
3. 1
3.0
Year

1992
MY*
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
Vear
E**
27.0
24.4
23 0
21.9
19 6
19.5
14 4
139
13.4
13.2
13 1
12.9
56
52
4 1
39
38
36
35
3.4

20 1O
MY*
1991
1992
1993
(994
1995
1996
1997
(998
1999
2OOO
20O(
2OO2
2O03
2O04
2005
2006
2007
2OO8
2O09
2010
E**
4.6
4.6
4.6
45
4.5
4 4
4 .4
4 3
42
4 1
4. 1
4.0
3.9
38
3.7
35
3.4
3.3
3. t
3.0


1993
MV
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
I960
1981
1982
1983
1984
(985
1986
(987
1988
(989
1990
1991
1992
(993

E**
24 5
23. 0
21 .9
19.7
19.6
14.5
13.9
13.4
13 3
13.2
13 O
56
5.2
4. t
4 O
3.9
3 7
36
3.4
34

20 12
MV*
1993
1994
1995
(996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2O01
2O02
2O03
2004
2O05
2006
2007
2008
2009
201O
2O11
2OI2
E**
4.6
46
4.5
4 5
4.4
4 .4
43
4 3
4 2
4 1
40
4 .O
39
3 8
36
35
3.4
32
3. 1
3.0



1994 1995
MY*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
(986
1987
1988
1989
199O
199 t
1992
1993
(994

E" MY*
23 1 1976
22.0 1977
19.7 (97B
(9.6 1979
14.6 (98O
(40 1981
13.5 1982
13.4 (983
(3.2 1984
13.1 1985
5.6 19S6
5.2 1987
4.2 1988
4.1 (989
39 199O
38 (991
37 1992
35 (993
34 1994
33 1995

E**
22 1
19.8
(9 7
14 .7
14. (
136
(3 5
13.4
13. 3
5.7
5 2
4.3
4 .2
4 . 1
4 0
38
3 7
3.5
3 .4
3 3

2015 2O 18
MV*
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
2OO1
2OO2
2OO3
2O04
2005
2O06
2007
2O08
2OO9
2010
2Ot 1
2O12
2013
2O (4
2O 15
E** MY*
46 1999
4 . 6 200O
4.5 20O1
4 . 5 2002
A .4 2003
4 . 4 2OO4
4 3 2OO5
4 3 2OO6
4 . 2 2007
4 . 1 2OO8
4 . O 2009
3.9 2010
3.8 201 1
3.7 2O 12
36 2013
3.5 2O 14
3.4 2O(5
32 2O 16
3.1 2O(7
3 . O 2O 1 8
E**
4 .6
4 6
4 .5
4 5
4 4
4 .4
4 3
4 2
4 2
4 1
4 .0
39
38
37
3.6
35
34
32
3. 1
3 O


1996
MY*
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
(986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
(993
1994
1995
1996

E**
199
(9.8
14 7
14 2
(37
13.6
13.5
133
5 7
5.2
4 3
4 2
4 1
4 .O
3 9
3.8
3 .7
3 5
34
33

2020
MV*
2O01
2002
2003
2O04
2005
2O06
20O7
2O08
2009
2010
2O 11
2O 12
2013
2014
2O15
2O16
2017
2O18
2O (9
2020
E**
4 6
4 6
45
4 .5
4 . 4
4 .4
4 .3
4 . 2
4 . 2
4 . 1
4.0
39
38
3 . 7
3.6
3.5
34
3.2
3. 1
3.O
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MV" on January 1  of  the given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the baste teat conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP=75 Degrees F.  6O TO 84F  diurnal.  75F  for hot
       Soak and running toss emissions, 9.O pst fuel  RVP.  54.57%  average In-use fuel  tank  level,  Including refueling emissions.
      Emissions are based on the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.4.4.

-------
 H-252
                                                          TABLE  2.4. 11B
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAV 19,  1989
                                          BV MODEL  YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                               HEAVY  DUTY  GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                CO

1985
MY* E**
1966 523.
1967 52O.
1968 518.
1969 515.
197O 411 .
1971 4O6.
1972 4O2.
1973 397.
1974 383.
1975 348.
1976 325.
1977 273.
1978 268.
1979 142.
198O 128.
1981 115.
1982 1O9.
1983 1O2.
1984 94 .
1985 64.

1997
MV* E**
1978 31O.
1979 186.
1980 173.
1981 162.
1982 159.
1983 157.
1984 153.
1985 76.
1986 62 .
1987 38.
1988 38.
1989 37 .
199O 36.
1991 35.
1992 34.
1993 34.
1994 33.
1995 32.
1996 31.
1997 3O.


January 1 of Calendar Year
1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992

I
8
2
3
1
9
3
3
4
9
2
5
2
6
5
9
5
6
9
2

MY*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E»* MV* E*+
523.2 1968 523.2 1969 523.2 197O 424.9 1971 424.9 1972 424.9 1973 424.9
52O.8 1969 52O.8 197O 421.8 1971 421.8 1972 421 8 1973 421.8 1974 411 6
518.2 197O 418.5 1971 418.5 1972 418.5 1973 418.5 1974 4O8 . 5 1975 377.2
415. O 1971 415.0 1972 415. O 1973 415. O 1974 4O5.2 1975 374.1 1976 354 4
411.1 1972 411.1 1973 411.1 1974 4O1 .5 1975 37O.7 1976 351.2 1977 3O0.6
4O6.9 1973 4O6.9 1974 397.5 1975 367.1 1976 347.7 1977 297.6 1978 297.6
4O2.3 1974 393.2 1975 363.1 1976 343.9 1977 294.4 1978 294.4 1979 173.3
388.5 1975 358.7 1976 339.8 1977 29O.9 1978 290.9 1979 17O.O 19BO 159.9
354. O 1976 335.3 1977 287.1 1978 287.1 1979 166.3 198O 156.4 1981 148.1
33O.5 1977 282.9 1978 282.9 1979 162.3 198O 152.7 1981 144.6 1982 144.6
278.4 1978 278.4 1979 158. O 19BO 148.6 1981 14O.7 1982 14O.7 1983 14O.7
273.5 1979 153.3 1980 144.2 1981 136.5 1982 136.5 1983 136.5 1984 136.0
148.2 1980 139.4 1981 132. O 1982 132. O 1983 132. O 1984 131.5 1985 72.4
134.2 1981 127.0 1982 127. O 1983 127. O 1984 126.6 1985 71.4 1986 57.8
121.7 1982 121.7 1983 121.7 1984 121.2 1985 7O.3 1986 56.7 1987 35.2
115.9 1983 115.9 1984 115.4 1985 69.1 1986 55.5 1987 34.3 1988 34 3
1O9.5 1984 1O9.1 1985 67.8 1986 54.2 1987 33.4 1988 33.4 1989 33 4
1O2.3 1985 66.4 1986 52.9 1987 32.3 1988 32.3 19B9 32.3 199O 32.3
64.9 1986 51.4 1987 31.2 1988 31.2 1989 31.2 199O 31.1 1991 31.O
SO. 6 1987 30.6 1988 3O.6 1989 3O.6 199O 3O.6 1991 3O.4 1992 3O.4
January 1 of Calendar Year
1998 1999 20OO 2OO3 2005 2OOB 20 1O

3
6
5
1
7
2
8
3
O
6
O
4
6
7
9
1
1
1
O
4
MY*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E**
188.7 198O 177.5 1981 168.1 1984 167.4 1986 66.0 1989 42.1 1991 41.9
175.6 1981 166.2 1982 166.2 1985 79.3 1987 41.9 199O 41.8 1992 41.6
164.2 1982 164.2 1983 164.2 1986 65.3 1988 41.6 1991 41.3 1993 41.3
162.1 1983 162.1 1984 161.4 1987 41.2 1989 41.2 1992 41. O 1994 41.0
159.7 1984 159.1 1985 77.9 1988 4O.9 1990 4O.8 1993 40.6 1995 4O . 6
156.6 1985 77.4 1986 63.8 1989 4O.5 1991 4O.3 1994 40.3 1996 4O-3
76.9 1986 63.3 1987 4O. 1 199O 4O.O 1992 39.8 1995 39.8 1997 39.8
62.7 1987 39.6 1988 39.6 1991 39.4 1993 39.4 1996 39.4 1998 39.4
39.1 1988 39.1 1989 39.1 1992 38.9 1994 38.9 1997 38.9 1999 38 9
38.6 1989 38.6 199O 38.5 1993 38.4 1995 38.4 1998 38.4 2OOO 38.4
38. O 1990 38. O 1991 37.8 1994 37.8 1996 37.8 1999 37.8 2OO1 37.6
37.3 1991 37.2 1992 37.2 1995 37.2 1997 37.2 2OOO 37.2 2002 37. O
36.5 1992 36.5 1993 36.5 1996 36.5 1998 36.5 20O1 36.3 2003 36 3
35.7 1993 35.7 1994 35.7 1997 35.7 1999 35.7 2OO2 35.6 2OO4 35.6
34.9 1994 34.9 1995 34.9 1998 34.9 2000 34 9 2OO3 34.8 2OO5 34.8
34.1 1995 34.1 1996 34.1 1999 34.1 2OO1 33.9 2OO4 33.9 2OO6 33.9
33.1 1996 33.1 1997 33.1 2OOO 33.1 2OO2 33. O 2OO5 33. O 2OO7 33. O
32.1 1997 32.1 1998 32.1 2001 31.9 2OO3 31.9 2OO6 31.9 2OO8 31.9
31. O 1998 31. O 1999 31 .O 2O02 3O.B 2OO4 30.8 2O07 3O.8 2O09 30 8
3O.4 1999 30.4 20OO 3O.4 2OO3 3O.2 2O05 3O . 2 2O08 3O.2 2O1O 3O . 2


1993
MV*
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993

E**
414.5
380. 1
357.3
3O3 4
300.6
176.4
163 1
151.4
148. 1
144.6
14O.2
73.3
58.8
36 0
35.2
34.3
33 3
32 1
31 ,O
30.4

20 12
MV*
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2001
2O02
2003
2004
2005
2006
2OO7
2008
2OO9
2O10
2O11
2O12
E*«
41 .9
41 .6
41 .3
41 0
40.6
4O.3
39.8
39.4
38 8
38 2
37.6
37.0
36.3
35 6
34 8
33.9
33 O
31 .9
30 8
30.2



1994
MV*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

E**
382.
360.
305.
303.
179.
166.
154.
151 .
148.
144.
74.
59.
36.
36.
35.
34.
33.
32.
31 .
30.


8
0
9
4
3
0
4
4
1
0
1
7
7
0
2
2
1
1
0
4

2015
MY*
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
20O4
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
20 1 t
2012
2O13
2O14
2015
E**
41 .
41 .
41 .
41 .
40.
40.
39.
39.
38
38.
37.
37.
36.
35.
34.
33
33.
31 .
30.
30.

g
6
3
0
6
1
7
2
8
2
6
0
3
6
B
9
O
9
8
2



1995
MY *
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

E*
362
3O8
3O5
181
168
157
154
151
147
74
60
37
36
36
35
34
33
32
31
30

*
.5
.2
9
.9
.7
2
.4
.4
.6
.9
.5
.4
.7
.O
. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
-0
.4

2018
MV*
1999
2OOO
2O01
2002
2003
2O04
2005
2006
20O7
2OOB
2OO9
20 1O
2011
2012
2013
2O 14
2015
2O16
2017
2018
E*
41
41
41
4O
40
4O
39
39
38
38
37
37
36
35
34
33
33
31
30
30
#
.9
.6
.2
8
5
. 1
.7
.2
.B
.2
.6
.0
.3
.6
8
.9
.O
.9
.8
.2


1996
MV*
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

E**
31O.3
3O8.2
184 4
1712
159 7
157 2
154 .4
150.8
75.6
61 .3
38.0
37.4
36.7
35 9
34.9
34 1
33 1
32 . 1
31 .O
3O.4

2O2O
MV*
2O01
2002
2O03
2004
2OO5
2006
2007
2008
2009
20 IO
20 1 1
2012
2O13
2014
2015
20 16
20 17
2018
2O 19
2O2O
E**
41 .7
41.5
412
4O.8
4O.5
40. 1
39.7
39.2
38 8
38.2
37 6
37. O
36.3
35.6
34 .8
33.9
33 .O
31 9
30. B
30 2
*MV -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY"  on January  1  of  the given  calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP-75 Degrees F.   Emissions are  based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table  2.4.4.

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                               HEAVY  DUTY GASOLINE  POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE  :  MAY  19,  1989
January
19B5
MV*
1966
1967
196S
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1965
E**
6.1
6. 1
6. 1
6. 1
6.6
66
6.6
6.6
5.9
5.4
5.O
4.2
4. 1
4.5
4.2
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.5
1986
MV*
1967
1966
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1966
E**
6. 1
6. 1
6. 1
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.0
5.4
5.0
4.2
4.2
45
4.2
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.5
3.5
1987
MV*
1968
1969
197O
1971
(972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
198S
1986
1967
E**
6. 1
6. 1
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6. 1
5.5
5. 1
4.3
4.2
4.6
4.3
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.5
1988
MY*
(969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
19B5
1986
1967
198B
E**
6. 1
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6. 1
5.6
5. 1
4.3
4.3
4.7
4.4
4.O
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
1989
MV*
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
I9B1
1962
1963
1984
1965
1986
1987
1988
1989
E**
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.2
S.6
5.2
.4
.3
.7
.4
. 1
-O
3.9
3.9
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
1 of Calendar Year
199O 1991 1992
MY*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1969
199O
January
1997
MV*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
19B5
1966
1987
1988
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
4.6
5.O
4.8
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.6
3.2
3. 1
3 1
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.8
1998
MV*
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1966
1967
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
5.O
4.8
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
3.9
3.9
3.9
36
3.8
3.8
3.2
3.2
3 1
3. 1
3.O
2.9
2.9
2.8
1999
MV*
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1967
1966
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
.6
.4
.4
4
.3
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.B
3.9
3.2
3.2
3.2
3. 1
3.1
3 O
2.9
2.9
2.8
2000
MV*
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
19B7
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
E**
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.O
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3. 1
3. 1
3.O
2.9
2.9
2.8
2003
MY*
1964
19B5
19B6
1967
1966
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
20O1
2002
20O3
E**
4.4
4.0
4.0
40
4.O
3.9
4.O
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3. 1
3. 1
3.O
2.9
2.8
2.8
E** MY*
6.6 1972
6.6 1973
6.6 1974
6.2 1975
5.7 1976
5.2 1977
4.4 1978
44 1979
4.8 198O
4.5 1981
4 . 1 1982
4 1 1983
4.0 1984
3.9 1965
3.7 19B6
3.6 1967
3.6 1986
3.5 1989
3.5 199O
3.4 1991
E** MV*
6.6 1973
6.6 1974
6.3 1975
5.7 1976
5.3 1977
4.5 1978
4.4 1979
48 1980
4.5 1961
4.2 1982
4.1 1963
4. 1 1964
4.0 1965
3.7 4986
3.7 1987
3.6 1988
3.6 1989
3.5 199O
3.4 1991
2.8 1992
E**
6.6
6.3
5.7
53
4 .5
4 5
49
4.6
4.2
4 2
4. 1
4.O
36
37
3.7
36
3.6
3.5
2.9
2.8
1993 1994
MY* E
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
** MY*
6.4 1975
58 1976
5.3 1977
4.5 1978
4.5 1979
4.9 198O
4.6 198 t
42 1982
42 1983
42 1984
4 1 1985
38 1986
3.8 1987
3.7 1988
3.7 1989
3.6 1990
36 1991
29 1992
2.9 1993
28 1994
E**
5.8
5.4
4.6
4.5
4.9
4 7
43
4 2
4.2
4. 1
3.8
3.B
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.6
30
2.9
29
2.8
1995
MY* E
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
I99O
199 t
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
** MY*
54 1977
46 1978
46 1979
5.O 198O
4.7 1981
43 1982
43 1983
42 1984
42 1985
39 1986
3.8 1987
38 1988
3.8 19B9
37 1990
37 1991
3. 1 1992
3.0 1993
2.9 1994
29 1995
28 1996
E**
4.6
4 .6
5.0
4 7
4.3
4 3
4 3
4 2
3.9
3.8
38
3.8
3.8
3.7
3 1
3 1
3.0
29
29
28
1 of Calendar Year
2O05 2OOB 2O1O
MV*
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
20O1
2OO2
2OO3
2004
2005
E** MV*
4.O 1989
4.O 1990
4.O 1991
4.O 1992
4 . 1 1993
3.4 1994
3.4 1995
34 1996
3.4 1997
33 1998
3.3 1999
32 20OO
3.2 2OO1
3.2 2002
3 . 1 2003
3.0 2004
3.O 2005
2.9 2O06
2.8 2O07
2.8 2O08
E** MY*
4.0 1991
4.1 1992
3.5 1993
3.5 1994
3.5 1995
3.4 1996
3.4 1997
3.4 1998
34 1999
3.3 2000
3.3 2OO1
3.2 20O2
3 2 2OO3
3 1 2004
3 1 2OO5
3.0 2OO6
30 2007
2.9 2OO6
2.8 2OO9
2.6 2O1O
E**
35
35
35
35
3.5
34
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.3
3 3
3.2
32
3 1
3. 1
3 O
30
29
2.8
2.6
2012
2015
MV* E** MV*
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2O01
2O02
20O3
2004
2OO5
2006
2007
20O8
2009
20 1O
201 1
2012
3.5 1996
3.5 1997
35 1998
3.5 1999
35 2000
3 . 4 200 t
3 4 2OO2
34 3003
33 2OO4
3.3 2O05
3 . 3 2O06
3.2 2007
3.2 2008
3 . 1 2O09
3. 1 2O1O
3.0 2O1 1
3 O 2O 12
2.9 2O 13
28 2O14
28 2O 15
E**
3.5
35
3.5
35
35
3.4
3.4
3.4
33
3.3
3.3
3.2
32
3. 1
3 1
3.O
3.0
2.9
2.8
28
2018
MV* E
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2O02
2003
2OO4
2OO5
20O6
2007
2O08
2009
20 to
201 1
2012
2O 13
2O14
20 15
2016
2O 17
2O IB
202O
** MV*
3.5 2001
3.5 2002
3.5 2003
35 20O4
3 5 20O5
3 . 4 2006
3 . 4 2OO7
3 . 4 2008
3 3 2009
3.3 2010
33 2O 1 1
3.2 2012
32 2013
31 2O 14
31 2O 15
3.0 2O16
3 O 2O 17
2.9 2O18
28 2019
2 8 2O20
E**
3.5
3.5
35
3 5
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
3 3
3 3
3 3
3 2
32
3 t
3. t
3.0
3.0
2 .9
2 8
2.8
•MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MV"  on January  1  of  the given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table  2.4.4.

-------
                                    H-254
                                TABLE 2.5-1

                   NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES  FOR
                                HIGH ALTITUDE
                     LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                           * BER = ZML +  (DR * M)
Model
Pol Years
HC Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982-1983
1984+
CO Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982-1983
1984+
NOx Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981-1984
1985+
* WHERE : BER
ZML
DR
M
Zero Mi le
Emission Leve
3.010
0.970
0.970
0-970
0-970
0.670
0.400
0.290
4.740
2.050
2.050
2.050
2.050
2.010
2.010
1.150
1.460
.400
.400
.400
.400
.400
.310
0.870
• Nontampered
- Zero mile 1
• Deter iorati
« Cumulative
                                Deterioration
                                   Rate

                                  0.080
                                  0.070
                                  0.070
                                  0.070
                                  0.070
                                  0.030
                                  0.030
                                  0.030
             50,000 Mile
            Emission Level

               3-410
               1.320
               1.320
               1.320
               1.320
               0.820
               0.550
               0.440
          100,000 Mile
          Emission Level

             3-810
             1.670
             1.670
             1.670
             1.670
             0.970
             0.700
             0.590
                                  0.
                                  0.
                                  0,
0.130
0.090
 .090
 .090
 ,090
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.030
0.030
390
500
500
500
500
210
210
040
950
950
950
950
410
410
                                                  1.350
                                                   .660
                                                   .600
                                                   .600
                                                   .600
                                                   .600
                                                   .600
                                                   .460
                                                  1.020
             1-550

              .860
              .800
              .800
              .800
              .800
              .800
              .610
              .170
                              basic exhaust emission rates  in grams/mile,
                            level  in grams/mile,
                                rate in grams/mile/1OK miles,
                                cage / 10,000 miles.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                       H-255

                   TABLE  2.5-3

    NONTAMPERED  HOT STABILIZED  IDLE  EMISSIONS
                 FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
        LIGHT DUTY  DIESEL POWERED  VEHICLES

               * IER = ZML +  (DR *  M)
 Pol

  HC
  CO
  NOx
  Model
  Years

 Pre-1975
1975-1976
  1977
  1978
  1979
1980-1981
1982-1983
  1984+

 Pre-1975
1975-1976
  1977
  1978
  1979
1980-1983
  1984+

 Pre-1975
1975-1976
  1977
  1978
  1979
  1980
1981-1984
  1985+
  Zero Mile
Emission Level

     19-20
                            20
                            kO
                          8.UO
                            20
                            20
                            40
      1.80

     24.00
     15-00
     16.80
     18.00
     19.20
     15.60
      9.00

      7-80
     13.20
     10.20
      7.80
     10.80
     11.40
      8.40
      5.40
Deter ioration
    Rate	

    0.60
    0.0
    0.0
    0.0
    0.0
    0.0
    0.0
    0.0
                                         0.
                                         0.
    0.60
    0.60
     .60
     .60
    0.60
    0.60
    0.60

    0.0
    0.0
    0.60
    0.60
    0.60
    0.60
    0.60
    0.60
* WHERE :    IER - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML * Zero mile level in grams/hour
            OR  - Deterioration rate in grams/hour/lOK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-256
                             TABLE 2.5-4A

                         REGISTRATION MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             HIGH ALTITUDE
                  LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                                                  Jan  1
 Model     July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage
 Year   Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
Index**     Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
	(per vehicle*)	(fleet)
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 lit
 15
 17
 18
 19
 20+
0.062
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033

0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
17825-
16478.
15233.
14081.
13017.

12033-
11124.
10283.
 9506.
 8788.

 8123-
 7509-
 6942.
 6417.
 5932.

 5484.
 5069.
 4686.
 1*332.
 4005.
0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071

0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052

0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033

0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
17825.
17488.
16167-
14945.
13815.

12771.
11806.
10914.
1008g.
 9326.

 8622.
 7969-
 7367-
 6811.
 6296.

 5820.
 5380.
 4250.
   Jan 1
  Mi leage
Accumulation
  (fleet)

    2228.
   13327.
   30145.
   45692.
   60063.

   73349-
   85630.
   96984.
  107479-
  117181.

  126150.
  134440.
  142104.
  149189.
  155739.

  161793-
  167390.
  172564.
  1773W.
  181768.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles  in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l)  * MAR(l) and,
            JMAR(rVTI)  » .25*MAR(MYI)  + .75*MAR (MYI -1) , MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                H-257

            TABLE 2.5.^8

     DIESEL SALES FRACTION FOR
            HIGH ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model                 Diesel
  Years              Sales  Fraction

 Pre-1971                0.0
  1971                   o.ooi
1972-1973                0.002
197^-1977                0.003
  1978                   0.009
  1979                   0.026
  1980                   0.01.5
  1981                   0.060
  1982                   0.039
  1983                   0.01A
  1984                   0.012
  1985                   0.009
  1986                   0.004
  1987                   o.ooi*
  1988                   o.oio
  1989                   0.016
  1990                   0.021
  1991                   0.027
  1992                   0.033
  1993                   0.039
  1994                   0.0^5
  1995+                  0.050
 DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                                       H-258

                                   TABLE 2.5-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                        LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JANUARY 1, I;
Model
1
1987
1986
1985
1981*

1983
1982
1981
1980
1979

1978
1977
1976
1975
1974

1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
(A)
LDV Fleet
Registration
0.021
0.082
0.079
0.075
0.071
0.067
0.063
0.060
0.056
0.052
0.048
0.045
0.041
0.037
0.033
0.029
0.026
0.022
0.018
0.034
(B)
Sales
Fraction
0.010
0.004
0.004
0.009
0.012
0.014
0.039
0.060
0.045
0.026
0.009
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.0
0.0


(A*B)
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.004
0.003
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.0
0.0
(C=A*B/DAF)
LDDV
Reqi strat ion
0.014
0.023
0.022
0.047
0.060
0.066
0.172
0.252
0.177
0.095
0.030
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.004
0.004
0.002
0.0
0.0
(D)
Annual Mi leage
Accrual Rate
17825.
17488.
16167.
14945.'
13815.
12771-
11806.
10914.
10089.
9326.
8622.
7969.
7367.
6811.
6296.
5820.
5380.
4973.
4597-
4250.
(C*D/TFNORM)

(C*D)
258.0
401.8
357-8
706.6
824.4
839-1
2031-8
2752.0
1780.8
883-2
260.9
75.4
63-5
53-0
43-7
23.6
19.6
7-7
0.0
0.0
Travel
Fractions
0.023
0.035
0.031
0.062
0.072
0.074
0.178
0.242
0.156
0.078
0.023
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.0
0.0
                       OAF: 0.014
                                           TFNORM: 11382.8
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
January 1  registration mix from Table 2.5-4A,
Diesel fleet sales fractions,
Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.5.4A.
NOTE :  In general, the travel weighting fractions will change for every
       calendar year since the sales fraction  (column B) changes
       for almost every model year.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                            H-259

                        TABLE 2.5-6

         SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                        HIGH ALTITUDE
            LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

             * SCF(s.sadj) = SF(s)/SF(sadj)

               SF(s)= EXP(A + B*s + C*s**2)
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
All
Al 1
All
Coef f ici ents
A B
0
1
0
.90900
•37520
.66800
-0
-0
-0
.05500
.08800
.01*800
0
0
0
c
.OOOA1*
.00091
.00071
* WHERE :

     s    * average speed  (mph),
     sadj  = basic test procedure speed; adjusted for
            fraction of cold start operation x and
            fraction of hot  start operation w,
            [1/sadj -  (w+x)/26+  (1-w-x)/16] .

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-260
                                TABLE 2.5.7

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FDR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

Pol
HC





CO





NOx







Model
Years
Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980*
Pre-1975
1975-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980*
Pre-1975
1975-1975
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981-1982
1983+
Test Segment 1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
B1
.2090
.2090
.2090
.2090
.2090
.3490
. 1990
. 1990
. 1990
. 1990
. 1990
.1500
.0680
,0680
.0680
.0680
.0680
.9690
.9690
.9690
D1
0.0710
0. 1050
0. 1050
0. 1050
0. 1050
0. 1030
0.0600
0.0670
O.OS70
0.0670
0.0670
0.0610
0.0260
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
0,0310
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
Norma 1 i zed F ract i ons
Test Segment 2 Test Segment
B2
1 .0730
1 ,0730
1.0730
1 .0730
1.0730
0 . 9690
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0.9350
0.9940
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
0.9810
1.0620
1 . 0620
1 . 0620
D2
0 . 0560
0 . 0840
0.0840
0.0840
0 . 0840
0.1380
0.0420
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0 . 0480
0.0260
0 . 0290
0.0330
0,0330
0.0330
0.0330
0.0470
0.0470
0 . 0470

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
B3
.7030
.7030
.7030
.7030
.7030
.7960
.9740
,9740
.9740
.9740
.9740
.8990
.9850
.9850
.9850
.9850
.9850
.9060
.9060
.9060
03
0.0640
0 . 0880
0.0880
0.0880
0.0880
0. 1030
0.0510
0.0570
0.0570
0.0570
0.0570
0.0350
0.0260
0.0300
0.0300
0 . 0300
0.0300
0.0310
0.0310
0.0310
3 Total Test
BO
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
1 .0000
1 . 0000
1 .0000
1 .0000
1 . 0000
1 . 0000
1 .0000
1.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
.0000
DO
0 , 06 1 3
0.0894
0.0894
0.0894
0.0894
0. 1212
0.0482
0.0544
0.0544
0.0544
0.0544
0.0357
0.0276
0.0318
0.0318
0.0318
0.0318
0.0393
0.0393
0.0393
NOTE :  The fractions given in this table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mode/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERM3
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)

            M
[(TERM1 + TERM2 * TERM3)/DENOM],
   W   *TCF(1)«(B1+D1"M).
(1-W-X)-TCP(2)•(B2+D2*M).
   X   *TCF(3)-(B3+D3*M),
BO * DO*M.
Fraction of VMT m the cola start mode.
Fraction of VMT in the  hot start mode,
Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
year, for test segment e>.
Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.
4
DATE :  MAY 19, 198S
                                                                                             4

-------
              H-261

          TABLE 2-5.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mi 1e)

 Pre-1975               0.099
1975-1979               0.025
  1980+                 0.025
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC =  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
 H-262
                                                          TABLE 2.5. 11A
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19, 1989
                                          BY MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1394 1995 1996
HV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
197B
1979
198O
198t
1982
1983
1984
1985
E** MY*
4.5 1967
4.4 1968
4.4 1969
4.3 197O
4.3 1971
4.3 1972
4.2 1973
4.1 1974
4.1 1975
.9 1976
.8 1977
.7 1978
.6 1979
.6 198O
O.9 1981
O.9 19B2
O.5 1983
O.5 1984
O-3 1985
O.3 1986
E** MY*
.5 196B
.4 1969
.4 197O
.3 1971
.3 1972
.3 1973
4.2 1974
4. 1 1975
1.9 1976
1.9 1977
1.8 1978
1.7 1979
1.6 198O
O.9 19B1
O.9 1982
O.6 1983
0.5 1984
O.4 1985
O.3 1986
O.3 1987
E** MY*
4.5 1969
4.4 197O
4.4 1971
4.3 1972
4.3 1973
4.3 1974
4.2 1975
2.O 1976
.9 1977
.9 1978
.8 1979
.7 I960
.O 1961
0.9 19B2
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
O.4 1985
O.4 1986
O.3 1987
O.3 1988
E** MY*
4.5 197O
4.4 1971
4.4 1972
4.3 1973
4.3 1974
4.3 197S
2.O 1976
2.O 1977
.9 1978
.9 1979
.8 198O
.0 1981
.0 1982
O.7 1983
O.6 1984
O.5 1985
O.4 1986
0.4 1987
O 3 1988
0.3 1989
E** MY*
4.5 1971
4.4 1972
4.4 1973
4.3 1974
4.3 1975
2.1 1976
2.O 1977
2.O 197B
1.9 1979
1.9 198O
1.O 1981
1.O 1982
O.7 1983
O.7 1984
O.5 1985
O.5 1986
O.4 1987
0.4 1988
O.3 1989
O.3 199O
E+* MY*
4.5 1972
4.4 1973
4.4 1974
4.3 1975
2.1 1976
2.1 1977
2.O 1978
2.O 1979
1.9 198O
1.O 1981
1.O 19B2
O.7 1983
O.7 1984
O.5 1985
O.5 1986
O.5 1987
O.4 1988
O.4 1989
0.3 199O
0.3 1991
E** MY*
4.5 1973
4.4 1974
4.4 1975
2.1 1976
2.1 1977
2.1 1978
2.O 1979
2.0 1980
1.1 1981
1.0 1982
O.8 1983
O.7 1984
O.6 1985
O.5 19B6
O.5 1987
O.5 19B8
O.4 1989
O.4 1990
O.3 1991
O.3 1992
E+* MY*
4.5 1974
4.4 1975
2.2 1976
2. 1977
2. 1978
2. 1979
2.0 1980
1. 1981
t. 1982
O.8 1983
0.8 1984
0.6 1985
0.6 1986
0.5 1987
0.5 1988
O.5 1989
O.4 I99O
O.4 1991
O 3 1992
O.3 1993
E** MY*
4.5 1975
22 1976
2.2 1977
2. 1978
2. 1979
2. 1980
1. 1981
1. 1982
O.8 1983
08 1984
O.6 1985
O 6 1986
O.6 1987
O.5 1968
O.5 1989
O 5 199O
0.4 1991
O.4 1992
0.3 1993
O.3 1994
E** MV*
2.2 1976
2.2 1977
2.2 1978
2. 1 1979
2. 1 1980
1.1 1981
1 1 1982
OB 1983
O.8 1984
0.7 1985
0.6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.5 1989
0.5 1990
0.5 1991
O 4 1992
O.4 1993
O.3 1994
O.3 1995
E** MY*
22 1977
22 1978
2.2 1979
2. 1 198O
1.2 1981
1 . 1 1982
OS 1983
OS 1984
0.7 1985
0.7 1986
06 1987
06 1988
O 6 1989
0.5 1990
O.5 1991
05 1992
0.4 1993
O.4 1994
0.3 1995
O.3 1996
E**
22
22
2 2
1 2
t 2
0.9
08
0.7
0.7
O.7
O.6
0.6
06
0.5
O.5
O 5
O 4
0 4
O 3
O 3
January 1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 20OO 2OO3 20O5 2008 201O 2012 2015 2018 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
19B4
19B5
1986
1987
1988
19B9
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E** MV*
2.2 1979
2.2 198O
1.2 1981
1.2 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.7 1985
O.7 1986
O.7 1987
O.7 19BB
O.6 1989
O.6 1990
O.6 1991
0.5 1992
O.5 1993
O.5 1994
O.4 1995
O.4 1996
O.3 1997
O.3 1998
E * * MV *
2.2 19BO
1.2 19B1
1.2 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 19B4
O.B 1965
O.7 1986
O.7 1987
O.7 1988
O.7 19B9
O.6 199O
0.6 1991
O.6 1992
0.5 1993
0.5 1994
0.5 1995
O.4 1996
O.4 1997
O.3 1998
O.3 1999
E * * MV *
1.2 1981
1.2 1982
O.9 1983
O.9 1984
O.8 1985
O.8 1986
O.7 1987
O.7 1988
0.7 1989
0.7 1990
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
O.6 1993
O.5 1994
O.5 1995
O.5 1996
O.4 1997
0.4 1998
O.3 1999
O.3 2OOO
E** MY*
1.2 1984
O.9 1985
O.9 1986
O.8 1987
O.8 1988
O.8 1989
O.7 1990
O.7 1991
0.7 1992
O.7 1993
O.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.5 1997
0.5 1998
0.5 1999
0.4 20OO
O 4 2OO1
O.3 2OO2
O.3 2OO3
E** MY*
O.8 1986
O.8 1987
O.B 1988
O.B 1989
O.B 199O
O.8 1991
O.7 1992
O.7 1993
O.7 1994
O.7 1995
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
O.5 1999
O.5 2000
O.5 200 t
O.4 2002
O.4 20O3
O.3 20O4
O.3 2OO5
E** MV*
O.8 1989
O.8 199O
O.8 1991
O.8 1992
O.8 1993
O.8 1994
O.7 1995
O.7 1996
O.7 1997
O.7 1998
O.6 1999
O.6 20OO
0.6 2001
O.S 2002
O.S 2OO3
O.S 2OO4
O . 4 2OO5
O.4 2O06
0.3 2007
O.3 2O08
E** MV*
O.B 1991
O.B 1992
O.B 1993
O.B 1994
O.B 1995
O.B 1996
O.7 1997
0.7 1998
O.7 1999
O.7 2OOO
O.6 20O1
O 6 2OO2
O.6 2OO3
O.S 2O04
O.S 2O05
OS 2O06
O . 4 2OO7
O.4 2OO8
O.3 2OO9
O.3 2O1O
E** MY*
0.8 1993
0.8 1994
O.S 1995
0.8 1996
0.8 1997
O.S 1998
0.7 1999
O . 7 2OOO
0.7 2OO1
0.7 2002
O.6 20O3
O.6 2OO4
O.6 2OO5
O 5 2OO6
O.S 2007
O.S 2008
O.4 2009
O.4 20 1O
O.3 201 1
O.3 2O12
E * * MV *
0.8 1996
0.8 1997
0.8 1998
0.8 1999
0.8 2OOO
0.8 2O01
0.7 2002
O 7 2OO3
O 7 2O04
O.7 2005
O.6 2O06
0.6 2OO7
O.6 2OO8
O.S 2009
0.5 2O 1 0
05 2011
0.4 2012
0.4 2O 13
0.3 2O 14
03 2015
E** MY*
OS 1999
O . 8 20OO
O.B 2001
o.a 2002
O.B 2003
0.8 2004
O.7 2005
O . 7 2OO6
0 . 7 2O07
O 7 20O8
O.6 2009
O.6 2O1O
O 6 2O 1 1
O 5 2012
O 5 2013
0.5 2014
0.4 2015
O.4 2016
0.3 2017
O.3 2O 18
E** MY*
08 20O1
08 20O2
O 8 20O3
O 8 2O04
O 8 2O05
O . 8 2OO6
0 . 7 2OO7
0 . 7 2OO8
0.7 2009
0.7 2010
O.6 2011
06 2012
O.6 2O13
O 5 2O 14
0.5 2015
O.5 2O16
0.4 2017
0.4 2018
03 2O 19
O.S 2O2O
E**
O 8
O 8
O 8
08
0 8
o.a
07
07
0.7
0. 7
O.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
05
0.5
0.4
O.4
0.3
O. 3
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY" on January 1  of  the  given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees  F,  20.6% of  VMT traveled
       In cold start, 52.1% of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on January  1  mileage
       accumulation figures given In Table 2.5.4A.

-------
                                                             TABLE^I^I
                                                                                              DATE  : MAY  19.  1989
                                             BV  MODEL  VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                   LIGHT  DUTV DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                   CO
   1985
               1986
                          1967
                                     1988
                                                1989
                                                       January *
                                                           1990
                                                          of Calendar Year
                                                               1991       1992
                                                                                            1993
 MV*  E+*
            MY*  E**
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
196(
1982
19B3
1984
1985
7. 1
7.O
7.O
6,9.
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.6
6.5
3.2
3. t
3.O
2.9
2.8
2.3
2.2
2.2
2. 1
1 2
1.2
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
7. 1
7.O
7.O
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.6
3.3
3.2
3. 1
3.0
2.9
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.2
1 .3
t.2
                   1.2
 MV*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
E**
 7. t
 7.O
 7.0
 6.9
 6.8
 6.8
 6.7
 3.3
 3.3
 3.2
 3. 1
 3.0
 2.4
 2.4
 2.3
 2.2
 1.3
 1 .3
 1 .2
 1.2
 MY*
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
                                        E**
                                         7. 1
7.0
7.O
6.9
6.8
6.8
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2
3. t
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
  .4
  .3
  .3
  2
  .2
 MV*
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
                                            E**    MY*   E*'
                                                             MY'
                                                                  E**
                                                                        MY'
                                                                             E**
           7. t
           7.
                                                        1971
   1997
        1998
                          1999
                                    2000
                                         2OO3
  O 1972
7.O 1973
6.9 1974
6.8 1975
3.5 1976
3.4 1977
3.3 1978
3.3 1979
3.2 1980
2.5 1981
    1982
    1983
    1984
    1985
    1986
 .3 1987
 .3 1988
 .2 1989
 .2 199O

   January
       2O05
                                                        MV*   E  *
. 1  1972
.O  1973
.0  1974
.9  1975
 5  1976
.5  1977
.4  1978
.3  1979
.3  198O
.5  1981
.5  1982
.4  1983
.4  1984
.5  1985
 4  1986
 4  1987
.3  1988
 3  1989
 2  199O
 2  1991
7. 1
7.O
7.O
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
 .5
 .5
 .4
 .4
 .3
 .3
  2
 .2
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
7. 1
7.O
3.6
3.6
35
3.5
3.4
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5
  6
 .5
  5
 . 4
  4
 .3
 .3
  2
 .2
 MY*
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
                                                                                        E*<
7. 1
36
36
36
3.5
35
2.6
2.6
25
2.5
  6
  6
  5
  5
  4
1 .4
1 3
1 .3
1 .2
1 2
                                                                                         	1994	
                                                                                          MY*   E**
                                                                                         1975
                                                                                                                   1995
                                                                                                                              1996
1976
1977
1978
1979
19SO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
3. 7
36
3.6
36
3.5
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
  .7
  .6
  .6
  5
  .5
  4
  .4
  3
  3
  2
  .2
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
3 . 7
36
36
3.6
2 7
26
2.6
2.6
1 7
1 .7
  6
  6
 .5
  5
 .4
 . 4
  3
  3
  2
 . 2
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
3 . 7
3.6
36
27
2 .7
2 6
2.6
 . 7
  7
 . 7
 .6
  6
 .5
  5
 . 4
 .4
 . 3
 . 3
  2
  2
                                                                 Of
                                                        Calendar Year
                                                          2O08
                                                               2O1O
                                                                                            2O12
                                                                                 2015
                                                                                                                  2O 18
                                                                                                                              2020
                                                                    MY*   E«*
                                                                               MV*
                                                                                          MV*  E**   MV*  E**
                                                                                                                MY*  E*+
                                                                                                                            MV*   E**
                                                     .9  1986
                                                     .9  1987
                                                     .8  1988
                                                     .8  1989
                                                      B  199O
                                                     .8  1991
                                                      7  1992
                                                     .7  1993
                                                     .7  1994
                                                     .7  1995
                                                     .6  1996
                                                     .6  1997
                                                     .5  1998
                                                     .5  1999
                                                     .4  2000
                                                     .4  2O01
                                                     .3  20O2
                                                     .3  2OO3
                                                     .2  2004
                                                     .2  2OO5
                                                            1989
                                                            199O
                                                            1991
                                                            1992
                                                            1993
                                                            1994
                                                            1995
                                                            1996
                                                            1997
                                                            1998
                                                            1999
                                                            2OOO
                                                            2001
                                                            2O02
                                                            20O3
                                                            2004
                                                            2005
                                                            2006
                                                            2007
                                                            2008
                                                                   1991
                                                                   1992
                                                                   1993
                                                                   1994
                                                                   1995
                                                                   1996
                                                                   1997
                                                                   1998
                                                                   1999
                                                                   2OOO
                                                                   2OO1
                                                                   20O2
                                                                   2003
                                                                   2004
                                                                   2O05
                                                                   2006
                                                                   2O07
                                                                   2008
                                                                   20O9
                                                                   201O
                                                                     9  1993
                                                                     9  1994
                                                                     8  1995
                                                                     8  1996
                                                                     8  1997
                                                                     8  1998
                                                                     7  1999
                                                                     7  2OOO
                                                                     7  20O1
                                                                     7  2OO2
                                                                     6  20O3
                                                                     6  2O04
                                                                     5  2005
                                                                     5  2006
                                                                     4  20O7
                                                                     4  3008
                                                                     3  2OO9
                                                                     3  2010
                                                                     2  2O1 1
                                                                     2  2012
                                                                           .9
                                                                            9
                                                                           .8
                                                                            a
                                                                           .8
                                                                            8
                                                                            7
                                                                            7
                                                                           .7
                                                                            7
                                                                            6
                                                                            6
                                                                           .5
                                                                            5
                                                                            4
                                                                           .4
                                                                            3
                                                                           .3
                                                                            2
                                                                           .2
                                                                        1996
                                                                        1997
                                                                        1998
                                                                        1999
                                                                        2000
                                                                        2001
                                                                        2O02
                                                                        2O03
                                                                        2004
                                                                        2005
                                                                        2O06
                                                                        20O7
                                                                        20O8
                                                                        2009
                                                                        201O
                                                                        201 1
                                                                        2O12
                                                                        2013
                                                                        2014
                                                                        2O 15
                                                                              1999
                                                                              2000
                                                                              2OO1
                                                                              20O2
                                                                              2003
                                                                              2OO4
                                                                              2OO5
                                                                              20O6
                                                                              2O07
                                                                              2008
                                                                              2O09
                                                                              2010
                                                                              201 1
                                                                              2012
                                                                              2013
                                                                              2014
                                                                              2O15
                                                                              2O 16
                                                                              2017
                                                                              2O 18
                                                                               .9
                                                                                9
                                                                               .8
                                                                                8
                                                                                8
                                                                                8
                                                                               .7
                                                                                7
                                                                               .7
                                                                                7
                                                                               .6
                                                                                6
                                                                               .5
                                                                                5
                                                                               .4
                                                                                4
                                                                                3
                                                                                3
                                                                               .2
                                                                               .2
                                                                              2001
                                                                              2OO2
                                                                              2003
                                                                              2OO4
                                                                              20O5
                                                                              2OO6
                                                                              2007
                                                                              2008
                                                                              20O9
                                                                              2O 1O
                                                                              2O1 1
                                                                              20t2
                                                                              2013
                                                                              2O 14
                                                                              2015
                                                                              2016
                                                                              2O17
                                                                              2018
                                                                              2019
                                                                              2O2O
                                                                                9
                                                                               .9
                                                                                8
                                                                                8
                                                                               .8
                                                                               .8
                                                                                7
                                                                               .7
                                                                               .7
                                                                               .7
                                                                                6
                                                                                6
                                                                               .5
                                                                                5
                                                                               .4
                                                                               .4
                                                                               .3
                                                                                3
                                                                                2
                                                                               .2
  *MV -- Indicates the model year.
  **E -- Indicates the average grams/mile  emission level  for  model  year "MV"  on January 1 of the given calendar year.  These
         emission  levels are calculated  For  the  basic  test  conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP-75 Degrees F. 2O.6% of VMT traveled
         in cold start, 92. 115 of VMT  in  stabilized,  and 27.3% of  VMT  In hot start.   Emissions are based on January 1 mileage
         accumulation figures given  In Table 2.5.4A.

-------
 H-264
                                                          TABLE 2.5.11C
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19. 1989
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
January 1 of Calendar Vear
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 199O 1991 1992
1993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MV* E** HV* E** MV* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MV* E + * MY* E**
1966 2.2 1967 2.2 1968 2.2 1969 2.2 197O 2.2 1971 2.2 1972 2.2 1973 2.2 1974 2.2 1975 2.1 1976 2.1 1977 2.1
1967 2.2 196B 2.2 1969 2.2 1970 2.2 1971 2.2 1972 2.2 1973 2.2 1974 2.2 1975 2.1 1976 2.1 1977 2.1 1978 2.1
1968 2. 1969 2. 197O 2. 1971 2. 1 1972 2. 1 1973 2 1 1974 2. 1 1975 2. 1 1976 2. 1 1977 2 . 1 1978 2. t 1979 2. 1
1969 2. 197O 2. 1971 2, 1972 2.1 1973 2.1 1974 2.1 1975 2.1 1976 2.1 1977 2.1 1978 2.1 1979 2.1 198O 21
197O 2. 1971 2. 1972 2. 1973 2.1 1974 2.1 1975 2.O 1976 2.0 1977 2.0 1978 2.O 1979 2.O I960 2.0 1981 1.8
1971 2. 1972 2. 1973 2. 1974 2.1 1975 2.0 1976 2.O 1977 2.0 1978 2.0 1979 2.O 198O 2.O 1981
1972 2. 1973 2. 1974 2. 1975 2.O 1976 2.O 1977 2.O 1978 2.0 1979 2.0 198O 2.O 1981
1973 2.O 1974 2.O 1975 2.0 1976 2.O 1977 2.O 1978 2.O 1979 2.0 198O 2.0 1981
1974 2.O 1975
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
.9 1976
.9 1977
.8 1978
.8 1979
.7 198O
.7 1981
.5 1982
.4 1983
.4 1984
.9 1976
.9 1977
.9 1978
.8 1979
.8 198O
.7 1981
.5 1982
.5 1983
.4 1984
.4 1985
.9 1977
.9 1978
.9 1979
.8 19BO
.8 1981
.6 19B2
.5 1983
.5 1984
.4 1985
.O 1986
.9 1978
.9 1979
.9 19BO
.8 19B1
.6 19B2
.6 1963
.5 19B4
.5 19B5
.O 19B6
.O 1987
.9 1979
.9 19BO
.9 1981
.6 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.5 1985
.O 1986
.O 1987
.O 1988
.9 198O
.9 19B1
.7 1982
.6 1963
.6 1984
.6 19B5
1 1986
.O 1987
.O 1988
.O 1989
.9 1981
.7 19B2
.7 19B3
.6 1984
.6 1965
. 1 1966
. 1 19B7
.O 19B8
.O 19B9
.O 1990
.7 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.6 1985
.2 1986
1 1987
1 1988
O 1989
t.O 1990
.O 1991
.7 1982
.7 1983
7 1984
.7 19B5
.2 1986
2 19B7
1 1988
. 1 1969
.0 1990
O 1991
.0 1992
.8 1982
.7 1983
.7 1964
.7 1985
.2 19B6
.2 1967
.2 1966
1 1989
.1 199O
O 1991
O 1992
.0 1993
8 1982
8 1983
.7 1984
7 1985
2 1986
2 1987
.2 1986
.2 1989
. 1 199O
. 1 1991
0 1992
.O 1993
.0 1994
.8
8
7
3
2
2
.2
2
1
. 1
.0
O
.0
.3 1985 O.9 19B6 0.9 1987 O.9 1988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O.9 1991 O.9 1992 09 1993 O.9 1994 O.9 1995 O 9
1985 O.9 1986 O.9 19B7 0.9 1988 O.9 1989 O.9 199O O.9 1991 O.9 1992 O.9 1993 O.9 1994 O.9 1995 09 1996 0.9
1997
MY* E*
1978 :
1979 :
1980 :
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996 I
1997 I
1998
>* MY* EI
1.1 1979 5
t.1 198O :
!. 1 19B1
.8 1982
.8 1983
.8 19B4
6 19B5
.3 19B6
.3 1987
.2 1988
. 2 1989
.2 1990
.2 1991
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
.O 1996
5.9 1997 (
3.9 1998 (
1999
* MY* EH
!.t 19BO :
!.t 19B1
.6 1962
.8 1983
.6 1984
.6 1985
.3 1986
.3 1987
.3 1988
.2 19B9
.2 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
. 1 1993
. 1 1994
.O 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
).9 1998 (
5.9 1999 (
2000
* MY* E<
t.t 1981
.8 1982
6 1983
.8 1984
8 1985
.3 1986
.3 1987
.3 1988
.3 1989
.2 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
.2 1993
. 1 1994
. 1 1995
.O 1996
.0 1997
.O 1998
}.9 1999 (
>.9 2OOO (
2OO3
* MY* E<
.9 1984
.8 1985
.8 1986
.8 1987
.4 1988
.3 1989
.3 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.2 1993
.2 1994
.2 1995
.2 1996
. 1 1997
. 1 1998
.O 1999
.0 2000
.O 2OO1
).9 2OO2 (
).9 2OO3* <
January
2005
' * MY * E <
.9 1986
.4 19B7
.4 19BB
. 4 1 989
. 4 1 990
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.2 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
.2 1998
. 1 1999
. 1 2000
.0 2OO1
,O 2OO2
.O 2OO3
1.9 20O4 (
>.9 2005 (
of Calendt
200B
* MY* E'
.4 1989
.4 199O
.4 1991
.4 1992
.4 1993
.3 1994
.3 1995
.3 1996
.3 1997
.2 1998
.2 1999
.2 20OO
.2 20O1
. 1 2002
. 1 20O3
-O 2O04
.O 2005
.O 2006
).9 2007 (
).9 20O8 (
ir Year
20 1O
* * MY * E *
.4 1991
.4 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
.4 1995
.3 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
. 3 1 999
.2 2000
.2 2001
.2 20O2
.2 2003
. 1 2004
. 1 2OOS
.O 2006
.0 2O07
.O 2OO8
).9 2O09 <
).9 2O1O C
20 12
* MY * E <
.4 1993
.4 1994
4 1995
.4 1996
.4 1997
3 1996
.3 1999
.3 2OOO
3 2001
.2 2002
2 2003
.2 2004
.2 2005
. 1 2OO6
. 1 20O7
0 2OO8
.0 20O9
.0 2O1O
).9 2011 C
).9 2012 C
20 15
+ MY* E
4 1996
.4 1997
4 1998
4 1999
.4 2000
3 2OO1
3 20O2
3 2003
. 3 2OO4
. 2 2OO5
2 2006
2 2007
2 2008
. 1 2OO9
.1 2010
.O 2O 11
.0 2012
.0 2013
).9 2O14 C
).9 2O15 C
20 18 2O2O
'* MY* E** MY* E
.4 1999 1.4 20O1
. 4 2000 1 . 4 2O02
4 2OO1 1 4 2OO3
.4 2OO2 1 . 4 2OO4
. 4 2OO3 1 . 4 2OO5
. 3 2004 1 . 3 2006
. 3 20O5 t . 3 2OO7
. 3 2OOS 1 . 3 2OO8
. 3 2OO7 t . 3 2OO9
.2 2O08 t .2 2O1O
.2 2009 12 201 1
.2 2010 1 . 2 2012
.2 20t t 1.2 2O13
1 2Ot2 11 2O14
. 1 2013 1 1 2O15
.O 2O14 1O 2O16
.O 2015 1O 2O17
.0 2016 1 .O 2018 1
).9 2O17 O. 9 2O 19 C
).9 2O18 O.9 2O2O C

* *
4
4
.4
.4
.4
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
2
.2
2
1
. 1
O
O
.0
).9
}.9
*MY — Indicates the model year.
**£ -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MV"  on January 1  of  the  given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees  f,  2O 6% of  VMT traveled
       In cold start, 52.1% of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3)4 of  VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on January  1 mileage
       accumulation figures given In Table 2.5.4A.

-------
                                    H-265

                                TABLE 2.6.1

                   NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                HIGH ALTITUDE
                      LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

                           * BER = ZML + (DR * M)

Pol
HC




CO




NOx







Model Zero Mi 1e
Deterioration 50,000 Mile
Years Emission Level Rate
Pre-1978 1.980
1978 1.980
1979-1980
.980
1981-1983 0.990
1981*+ 0.540
Pre-1978 3-450
1978 3.450
1979-1980 3^50
1981-1983 3.450
1984+ 2.330
Pre-1978
1978
1979
1980
1981-1984
1985-1987
1988-1989
1990+
.830
.830
.830
.830
.480
.480
.070
.030
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.040
0.040
0.100
0.100
0.100
0.100
0.040
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
Emission Leve
2.380
2.380
2.380
1.190
0.740
3-950
3-950
3.950
3-950
2.530
2.130
2.130
2.130
2.130
1.630
1.630
1.220
1.180
100,000 Mi le
1 Emission Leve
2.780
2,780
2.780
1-390
0.940
4.450
4.450
4.450
4.450
2-730
2.430
2.430
2,430
2.430
1.780
1.780
1.370
1.330
* WHERE :    BER = Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates in grams/mile,
            ZML » Zero mile level in grams/mile,
            DR  * Deterioration rate in grams/mile/1OK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                       H-266

                   TABLE 2.6.3

    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
         LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

               * IER = ZML + (DR * M)
 Pol

  HC



  CO
  NOx
Model
Years
Pre-1979
1979-1983
1981*+
Pre-1979
1979
1980-1983
1984+
Pre-1979
1979
1980-198lt
1985+
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
10.80
13.80
4.20
31.80
32.40
32.40
18.60
11.40
19.20
20.40
7.80
Deter ioration
Rate
0.60
0.60
0.60
1.20
1.20
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
* WHERE :    I£R - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML » Zero mile level in grams/hour
            OR  = Deterioration rate in grams/hour/lOK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-267
                             TABLE  2.6.4A

                         REGISTRATION  MIX AND
                    MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                             HIGH ALTITUDE
                   LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
 Model
 Year
Index**
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 17
 18
 19
 20+
                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1       Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
            (per truck  *)	(fleet)
    0.072
    0.067
    0.062
    0.057
    0.051

    0.01*7
    0.041
    0.036
    0.031
    0.026

    0.021
    0.016
    0.011
    0.007
    0.044
10863.
 9788.
 8877-
 8103-
 7444.

 6883.
 6405-
 5999.
 5655-
 5365-

 5123.
 4924.
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051

0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026

0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044
11816.
10594.
 9560.
 8683.
 7938.

 7304.
 6763-
 6304.
 5913.
 5582.

 5304.
 5073.
 4884.
                                       Jan  1
                                      Mi leage
                                    Accumulation
                                      (fleet)
0.070
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
20140.
17572.
15432.
13639-
12133-
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
20140.
19498.
17037.
14984.
13262.
2517-
15025-
33252.
49230.
63326.
                           4613.
 75843.
 87030.
 97091.
106200.
114500.

122112.
129138.
135665-
141767-
147510.

1529^8.
158133.
163108.
167912.
172582.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1.
      where:  JMAR(l) - MAR(l) and,
            JMAR(MYI) - .25*MAR(MYI)  + ,75*«AR(MY!-1), MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
               H-268


           TABLE 2.6.J»B

    DIESEL SALES FRACTION FOR
           HIGH ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
 Model                 Diesel
 Years              _S_a1es_ Fraction

Pre-1978               0.0
 1978                  o.oio
 1979                  0.015
 1980                  0.01+8
 1981                  0.082
 1982                  0.092
 1983                  0.01*2
 138k                  0.026
 1985                  o.on
 1986                  0.020
 1987                  o.oog
 1988                  0.027
 1989                  0.01*1*
 1990                  0.062
 1991                  0.080
 1992                  0.097
 1993                  0.115
 1991*                  0.132
 1995-1-                 0.150
DATE : MAY 19,  1989
    I

4

-------
                                        H-269

                                    TABLE  2.6.5

                  EXAMPLE  TRAVEL  WEIGHTING FRACTION  CALCULATION  FOR
                                    HIGH ALTITUDE
                          LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED  TRUCKS
                                  JANUARY  1,  1! "
            (A)        (B)           (C=A*B/DAF)        (D)
 Model   LDT1  Fleet    Sales             LDDT     Annual  Mileage
_Years  Registration  Fraction (A&B)  Registration Accrual  Rate
                                                                   (C*D/TFNORM)
                                                                       Travel
                                                               (C*D)  Fractions
1
1987
1986
1985
1984

1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
 1973
 1972
 1971
 1970
 1969-
0.023
0.092
0.088
0.083
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.062
0.057
0.051
0.047
0.041
0.036
0.031
0.026
0.021
0.016
0.011
0.007
0.044

0.027
0.009
0.020
0.011
0.026
0.042
0.092
0.082
0.048
0.015
0.010
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
OAF:
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.006
0.005
0.003
0.001
0.000
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.024
0.026
0.034
0.072
0.037
0.082
                                        ,124
                                        .253
                                        ,209
                                        ,112
0.031

0.019
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
20140.
19498.
17037.
14984.
13262.

11816.
10594.
 9560.
 8683.
 7938.

 7304.
 6763-
 6304.
 5913-
 5582.

 5304.
 5073.
 4884.
 4731.
 4613.
                                                                520.5
                                                                662
                                                               1230.
                                                                561,
                                                               1089,
1465-8
2679-0
1993-9
 974.6
 249.1

 140.8
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0

   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
   0.0
         0.045
         0.057
         0.106
         0.049
         0.094
0.127
0.232
0.172
0.084
0.022

0.012
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
                                                      TFNORM:  11566-7
 WHERE

   A
   B
   D

 NOTE
        - January  1 registration mix  from Table  2.6.4A,
        = Diesel fleet  sales  fractions,
        - Sales weighted  fleet mileage  accumulation  rate  from  Table  2.6.4A.

      :  In general, the  travel weighting fractions  will  change  for  every
        calendar year since  the sales  fraction  (column B)  changes
        for almost  every model year.
 DATE : MAY 19,  1989

-------
                            H-270

                        TABLE  2.6.6

         SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS  FOR
                        HIGH ALTITUDE
             LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS

             * SCF(s.sadj) = SF(s)/SF(sadj)

               SF (s)= EXP(A -I-
              Model           Coefficients
        Pol   Years        A        B        C

        HC     All      0.90900 -0.05500  0.00044

        CO     All      1.37520-0.08800  0.00091

        NOx    All      0.66800-0.04800  0.00071
* WHERE :

     s    = average speed  (mph),
     sadj  - basic test procedure speed; adjusted for
            fraction of cold start operation x and
            fraction of hot  start operation w,
            [1/sadj -  (w+x)/26 +  (l-w

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-271
                                TABLE 2.6. 7

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                     LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
  Pol
         Model
         vear_s.
   Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 2 Test Segment 3  Total  Test
          02     S3     D3     SO,.   _DO_
  HC   Pre-1979
        1979
      1980-1982
        1983*

  CO   Pre-1979
        1979
      1980-1982
        1983+

  NOx  Pre-1979
        1979
      1980-1984
        1985 +
rest  Segment 1


 1,2090 0.1120  1.0730 0.0910 0.7030 0.0930 1.0000 0.0959
 1.2090 0.1100  1.0730 0.0890 0.7030 0.0920 1.0000 0.0941
 1.2090 0.1100  1.0730 0.0890 0.7030 0.0920 1.0000 0.0941
 1.2090 0.1150  1.0730 0.0930 0.7030 0.0950 1.0000 0.0981

 1.1990 0.0620  0.9350 0.0440 0,9740 0.0530 1.OOOO 0.0502
 1.1990 O.OSOO  0.9350 0.0430 0.9740 0.0510 1.0000 O.O487
 1.1990 0.0570  0,9350 0.0400 0.9740 0.0480 1.0000 0.0457
 1.1990 0.0570  0.9350 0.O400 0.9740 0.0480 1.OOOO 0.0457

 1.0680 0.0330  0.9810 0.0360 0.9850 0.0320 1.0000 0.0343
 1.0S80 0.0330  0.9810 0.0350 0.9850 0.0320 1.OOOO 0.0338
 1.0680 0.0360  0.9810 0.0380 0.9850 0.0350 1.000O 0.0356
 1.0680 0.0710  0.9810 0.0720 0.9850 0.0680 1.OOOO 0.0707
NOTE :  The fractions given in this taDie are usea in the calculation of the
       opera ting-moae/ temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            w
            X
           TCF(B)

            M
                    [(TERM1 + TERM2 + TERMS )/DENOM ],
                       W   "TCF( 1 )-(B1+D1-M) ,
                    (1-W-X)*TCF(2)*(B2+D2"M).
                       X   «TCF(3)-(B3+D3*M),
                    BO + DO-M,
                    Fraction of VMT in the cold start moae,
                    Fraction of VMT 1n the  hot start mode,
                    Temperature correction factor for pollutant, model
                    year, for test segment D.
                    Cumulative mileage / 10.00O miles.
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
              H-272

          TABLE 2.6.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mi1e)

 Pre-1979               0.079
1979-1980               0.079
1981-1983               0.01*0
  1984+                 0.022
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC =•  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BV  MODEL  YEAR  EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                 LIGHT DUTY  DIESEL  POWERED TRUCKS
                                                         TOTAL  NONMETHANE  HC
                                                                                           DATE :  MAY 19,  1989
1985 1986 1987
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985

E** MY*
3.4 1967
3.3 1968
3.3 1969
3.2 t97O
3.2 1971
3.2 1972
3.1 1973
3. 1 1974
3.O 1975
3 O 1976
2.9 1977
2.8 1978
2.8 1979
2.7 t980
2.6 1981
1.2 1982
1.2 1983
1 . 1 (984
O.6 t985
O.5 1986

January 1 of Calendar Year
19BB 1989 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
E** MY* E** MY*
3.4 1968
3.3 1969
3.3 197O
3.2 1971
3.2 1972
3.2 1973
3.1 1974
3.1 197S
3.O 1976
3.O 1977
2.9 1978
2.8 1979
2.8 1980
2.7 198 1
1 .3 1982
1.2 1983
1.2 1984
O.7 1985
O.6 1986
0.5 1987

1997 1998 1999
MY*
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
»MY
**E
E** MY +
3.4 1979
3.3 198O
3.3 1981
.6 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
. 1 1985
. 1 1986
. 1 1987
.O 1988
.O 1989
.O 1990
O 9 1991
O.9 1992
O.8 1993
O.8 1994
O.7 1995
O.7 1996
0.6 1997
O.5 1998
E** MY* E
3.4 (98O
3.3 t981
1.6 1982
1 . 6 1983
.6 1984
. 1 1985
. 1 1986
. 1 1987
. 1 1988
.0 1989
.O 199O
.O 1991
O.9 1992
O.9 1993
0.8 1994
0.8 1995
O.7 1996
O.7 1997
O.6 1998
O.5 1999
-- Indicates the model
3.4 1969
3.3 197O
3.3 197 t
3.2 1972
3.2 1973
3.2 1974
3.1 1975
3.1 1976
3.O 1977
3.O 1978
2.9 1979
2.8 198O
2.8 1981
1.3 1982
1.3 1983
1.2 1984
O.7 1985
O.7 1986
O.6 1987
O.S 1988

E** MY* E
3.4 197O
3.3 1971
3.3 1972
3.2 1973
3.2 1974
3.2 1975
3.1 1976
3. 1 1977
3.0 1978
3.0 1979
2.9 198O
2.8 1981
1.4 1982
1.3 1983
1.3 1984
O.8 1985
O.7 1986
O.7 1987
O.6 1988
O.S 1989

2OOO 20O3
** MY*
3.4 1981
.7 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.2 1985
. 1 1986
. 1 1987
. 1 1988
. 1 1989
.O 1990
.O 1991
.O 1992
O.9 1993
O.9 1994
0.8 1995
O.8 1996
O.7 1997
O.7 1998
0.6 1999
O.S 2OOO
year.
-- Indicates the average grams /m
** MY*
3.4 1971
3.3 1972
3.3 1973
3.2 1974
3.2 1975
3.2 1976
3.1 1977
3 1 1978
3.O 1979
3.O 198O
2.9 1981
14 1982
1.4 1983
1.3 1984
O.8 1985
O.B 1986
O.7 1987
O.7 1988
O.6 1989
O.S 199O
January
E** MY*
3.4 1972
3.3 1973
3.3 1974
3.2 1975
3.2 1976
3.2 1977
3.1 1978
3. 1 1979
3.O 198O
3.O 1981
1.4 1982
1 . 4 1983
1.4 1984
O.9 1985
O.8 1986
O.8 1987
O.7 1988
O.7 1989
O.6 199O
O.S 1991
E** MV*
3.4 1973
3.3 1974
3.3 1975
3.2 1976
3.2 1977
3.2 1978
3. 1 1979
3 1 1980
3.0 19B1
1.S 1982
1.4 1983
1.4 1984
0.9 1985
O.9 1986
O 8 1987
O.8 1988
O.7 1989
O.7 199O
O . 6 1 99 1
O.S 1992
E** MY* E+* MY*
34 1974
33 1975
3.3 1976
32 1977
32 1978
32 1979
3.1 I960
31 1981
15 1982
1 5 19B3
1 4 19B4
1O 1985
O 9 1986
O 9 1987
O.B 1988
OB 1989
O.7 1990
O 7 1991
O.6 1992
O 5 1993
3.4 1975
33 1976
3.3 1977
32 1978
32 1979
3.2 1980
31 1981
5 1982
5 1983
5 1984
O 19B5
O 1986
0.9 1987
0.9 1988
O 8 19B9
OB 1990
O 7 1991
O 7 1992
O 6 1993
O 5 1994
E** MY*
3.4 1976
3.3 1977
3.3 1978
3.2 1979
3.2 198O
32 1981
.6 1982
.5 1983
.5 1984
.0 1985
O 1986
.O 1987
O.9 1988
O 9 1989
OB 1990
OB 1991
O 7 1992
O 7 1993
O 6 1994
0.5 t995
E** MY*
3.4 1977
33 t97B
33 1979
32 198O
32 1981
6 1982
.6 1983
.5 1984
. 1 1985
O 1986
O 1987
O 1988
O 9 1989
O 9 1990
O 8 1991
O 8 1992
O 7 1993
O 7 1994
O.6 1995
0.5 1996
E**
34
33
33
3.2
.6
6
6
1
. 1
.O
.O
.O
O 9
09
OS
o.a
O 7
0.7
06
05
1 of Calendar Year
20O5 2OO8 2010 2012
E** MY* E** MY*
.7 1984
.7 1985
.6 1986
.2 1987
.2 1988
. 1 1989
. 1 199O
. 1 1991
. 1 1992
.O 1993
.O 1994
.O 1995
O.9 1996
O.9 1997
0.8 1998
O.8 1999
O.7 2OOO
O.7 2OO1
O.6 2OO2
O.S 2OO3
•

1 le emission
1.2 1986
1.2 1987
. 2 1988
.2 1989
.2 199O
.1 1991
. 1 1992
. 1 1993
. 1 1994
.O 1995
.O 1996
.O 1997
O.9 1998
O.9 1999
o.a 2000
O.8 2001
O.7 20O2
O.7 2OO3
O.6 2OO4
0.5 2005

level for
E** MY*
.2 1989
.2 199O
.2 1991
.2 1992
.2 1993
. 1 1994
. 1 1995
. 1 1996
. 1 1997
.0 1998
O 1999
.O 2OOO
O 9 2001
O.9 2002
O.8 2OO3
O.B 2004
O.7 2OO5
O.7 2O06
O.6 2OO7
O.S 2008

mode 1 year
E** MV*
.2 1991
.2 1992
.2 1993
.2 1994
.2 1995
. 1 1996
. 1 1997
. 1 1998
. 1 1999
.0 2OOO
.0 2OO1
.0 2O02
O 9 2OO3
O.9 2OO4
O.8 2O05
O.8 2OO6
O 7 2OO7
O 7 2OO8
O.6 2O09
O.S 2O1O

"MY" on Ja
E** MY* E
2 1993
.2 1994
2 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
. 1 1998
. 1 1999
. 1 2000
. 1 2OO1
.0 20O2
.O 20O3
.O 20O4
0.9 20O5
O.9 2OO6
O.8 2O07
O.8 2OO8
0 7 2OO9
0.7 2O1O
0.6 2O1 1
O.S 2O 12

2015 2O18 2O20
** MY*
2 1996
2 1997
2 1998
.2 1999
. 2 200O
1 200 1
1 2O02
1 2003
. 1 2OO4
.O 2005
.O 2006
.O 2007
0.9 2008
O.9 20O9
0.8 2010
0.8 2011
07 2O 12
O.7 2O 13
06 2014
O 5 2O15

E** MV*
.2 1999
.2 2000
. 2 20O t
.2 2002
. 2 2OO3
. t 2004
. 1 20O5
. 1 20O6
1 2O07
.O 2OO8
.O 2009
O 2010
O.9 2O t 1
O 9 2O 12
O.B 2O 13
OB 2O 14
0.7 2O 15
O 7 2O 16
0.6 2O 17
O.S 2O18

nuary 1 of the given calendar year
E** MY*
.2 2001
2 2O02
2 2OO3
. 2 2OO4
. 2 2OO5
1 2O06
1 2O07
. 1 2OO8
1 2OO9
.O 2O10
0 2O 1 1
O 2012
O.9 2O 13
O 9 2014
O 8 2O 15
O.S 2O16
O 7 2017
O.7 2O 18
O 6 2O 19
O . 5 2O2O

These
E *
.2
2
. 2
.2
.2
. 1
1
. 1
1
O
O
O
O.9
0.9
OB
O 8
O 7
O 7
06
05


      emission  levels are calculated  for  the basic  test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75  Degrees  F,  2O.6% of  VMT  traveled
      in coId start, 52.151 of VMT  In  stab11ized. and 27.354 of VMT  in hot start.   Emissions  are based on January  1  mileage
      accumulation  figures given  In Table 2.6.4A.

-------
H-274
                                                         TABLE 2.6. 11B
                                                                                          OAT E  : MAY 19. 1989
                                         8V MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
                                                               CO

1985 1986
MV* E** MY* E
1966 5.2 1967
1967 5.1 1968
196B 5.1 1969
1969 5.O 197O
197O 5.O 1971
1971 4.9 1972
1972 4.9 1973
1973 4.8 1974
1974 4.7 1975
1975 4.7 1976
1976 4.6 1977
1977 .5 197B
1978 .4 1979
1979 .3 198O
198O .2 1981
19B1 .1 1982
19B2 3.9 1983
1983 3.8 1984
1984 2.4 1985
1985 2.3 1986

1997 1998



January
1 of Calendar Year
1987 19BB 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
** HV*
5.2 1968
5.1 1969
5.1 197O
5.O 1971
5.0 1972
4.9 1973
.9 1974
.8 1975
.7 1976
.7 1977
.6 1978
.5 1979
.4 198O
.3 1981
4.2 1982
4.1 1983
3.9 1984
2.5 1985
2.4 1986
2.3 19B7

E** MV*
5.2 1969
5.1 1970
5.1 1971
5.O 1972
5.0 1973
4.9 1974
4.9 1975
4.8 1976
4.7 1977
4.7 1978
4.6 1979
4.5 19BO
4.4 19B1
4.3 19B2
4.2 1983
4.1 1984
2.5 1985
2.5 1986
2.4 1987
2.3 1988

E** MV*
5.2 197O
5.1 1971
5.1 1972
5.O 1973
5.0 1974
4.9 1975
4.9 1976
4.8 1977
4.7 1978
4.7 1979
.6 198O
.5 19B1
.4 1982
.3 1983
.2 1984
2.6 1985
2.5 1986
2.5 1987
2.4 1988
2.3 1989

E** MV*
5.2 1971
5.1 1972
5.1 1973
5.O 1974
5.O 1975
4.9 1976
4.9 1977
4.8 1978
4.7 1979
4.7 198O
4.6 1981
4.5 1982
4.4 1983
4.3 1984
2.6 1985
2.6 1986
2.5 1987
2.5 1988
2.4 1989
2.3 199O
January
E* + MV*
5.2 1972
5.1 1973
5. 1 1974
5.O 1975
S.O 1976
4.9 1977
4.9 1978
4.8 1979
4.7 198O
4.7 1981
4.6 1982
4.5 1983
4.4 1984
2.7 1985
2.6 1986
2.6 1987
2.5 1988
2.5 1989
2.4 199O
2.3 1991
E** MY*
5.2 1973
5. t 1974
5.1 1975
5.0 1976
5.0 1977
.9 1978
.9 1979
.8 198O
.7 1981
.7 1982
.6 1983
. 5 1984
2.7 1985
2.7 1986
2.6 1987
2.6 1988
2.5 1989
2.5 199O
2.4 1991
2.3 1992
E** MY*
5.2 1974
5. 1 1975
5. 1 1976
5.0 1977
5.0 1978
4.9 1979
4.9 198O
4.8 1981
4.7 1982
4.7 1983
4.6 1984
2.8 1985
27 1986
27 1987
26 1968
26 1989
2.5 1990
2.5 1991
2.4 1992
2.3 1993
E** MY*
52 1975
5 1 1976
5.1 1977
S.O 1978
5 O 1979
49 1980
4.9 1981
48 1982
4.7 1983
47 1984
2.8 1985
28 1986
27 1987
2.7 1988
2.6 1989
26 199O
25 1991
25 1992
2.4 1993
2.3 1994
E** MY*
5.2 1976
5. 1 1977
5.1 1978
5.0 1979
5.0 198O
4.9 1981
4.9 1982
4.8 1983
4.7 1984
2.8 1985
2.8 1986
2.8 1987
2.7 1988
2.7 1989
2.6 199O
26 1991
2.5 1992
25 1993
2.4 1994
2.3 1995
E** MY*
5.2 1977
5. 1 1978
5. t 1979
50 1980
5 O 1981
4.9 1982
49 1983
48 1984
2.8 1985
28 1986
28 1987
2.8 oas
27 19B9
2 7 199O
26 1991
2 6 1992
25 (993
25 1994
2.4 1995
2.3 1996
E**
5.2
5 1
5 1
5.0
50
4 9
4 .9
2.9
28
28
2.8
2.8
2.7
2. 7
2 6
26
25
25
2.4
2.3
1 of Calendar Year
1999 2OOO 2003 20O5 20GB 2O1O 2O12 2O15 2O18 2O2O
MV* E** HV* E** HV*
197B 5.2 1979
1979 5.1 198O
198O 5. 1 1981
1981 5.O 1982
1982 5.O 19B3
1983 4.9 19B4
1984 2.9 19B5
1985 29 1986
19B6 2.8 1987
1987 2.8 1988
1988 2.8 1989
1989 2.B 199O
199O 2.7 1991
1991 2.7 1992
1992 2.6 1993
1993 2.6 1994
1994 2.5 1995
1995 2.5 1996
1996 2.4 1997
1997 2.3 1998
5.2 1980
5.1 1981
5.1 1982
5.O 1983
5.O 1984
2.9 19B5
2.9 19B6
2.9 19B7
2.8 1988
2.8 1989
2.8 1990
2.B 1991
2.7 1992
2.7 1993
2.6 1994
2.6 1995
2.5 1996
2.5 1997
2.4 199B
2.3 1999
*H₯ -- Indicates the model
E** MV*
5.2 19B1
5.1 1982
5.1 19B3
5.O 1984
2.9 1985
2.9 1986
2.9 1987
2.9 1988
2.8 1989
2.8 199O
2.8 1991
2.B 1992
2.7 1993
2.7 1994
2.6 1995
2.6 1996
2.5 1997
2.5 199B
2.4 1999
2.3 20OO
year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/ml
E** MV*
5.2 1984
5.1 1985
5.1 1986
3.O 1987
2.9 1988
2.9 1989
2.9 1990
2.9 1991
2.8 1992
2.8 1993
2.8 1994
2.8 1995
2.7 1996
2.7 1997
2.6 1998
2.6 1999
2 . 6 20OO
2.5 20O1
2.4 2OO2
2.3 2O03

1e emission
E** MV*
3.O 1986
3.O 1987
3.O 1988
3.O 1989
2.9 1990
2.9 1 99 1
29 1992
2.9 1993
28 1994
2.8 1995
2.8 1996
2.8 1997
2.7 1998
2.7 1999
2.6 20OO
2.6 2OO1
2.5 2OO2
2.5 2003
2.4 2O04
2.3 20O5

level for
E** MY*
3.0 1989
3.O 1990
3.O 1991
3.0 1992
2.9 1993
2.9 1994
2.9 1995
2.9 1996
2.8 1997
2.8 1998
2.8 1999
2.8 20OO
2.7 2OO1
2.7 2002
2.6 2OO3
2.6 20O4
2.5 2OO5
2.5 2O06
2.4 2O07
2.3 2OOB

model year
E** MY*
3.O 1991
3.O 1992
3.O 1993
3.O 1994
2.9 1995
2.9 1996
2.9 1997
2.9 1998
2.8 1999
2.8 2OOO
2 . 8 2OO 1
2.8 20O2
2.7 20O3
2.7 2004
2.6 2005
2.6 2006
2.5 2OO7
2.5 2008
2.4 2O09
2.3 2O1O

E** MY*
3 O 1993
3.O 1994
3 O 1995
3.O 1996
2.9 1997
2.9 1998
29 1999
2 . 9 2OOO
2.8 20O1
2.8 2O02
2 . 8 2003
2.8 2O04
27 2OO5
2.7 2006
2.6 2007
2 . 6 2008
2 . 5 20O9
2.5 201O
2.4 201 1
2.3 2O12

"MV" on January 1 of
E** MY*
3 O 1996
3 O 1997
3 O 1998
3.0 1999
2 . 9 2OOO
2.9 2001
2 . 9 2OO2
2 . 9 20O3
2.8 2004
2.8 2OO5
2 . 8 2OO6
2.8 20O7
27 2008
2 7 2009
2 6 2010
26 20(1
25 2012
25 2013
2.4 2014
2.3 2015

E** MV*
3.O 1999
3.O 2000
3.0 2OO1
3.O 2002
2 . 9 2OO3
2.9 2004
2 . 9 2OO5
2 9 2OO6
2.8 2007
2 . 8 20O8
2 . 8 2OO9
2.8 2O 1O
2.7 2O 1 1
2.7 2012
2.6 2013
2.6 20 14
2.5 2015
2.5 2016
2.4 2O 17
2.3 201B

the given calendar year
E*+ MY*
3.O 2001
3 . O 20O2
3 . O 2O03
3.O 2O04
2 . 9 2OO5
2 9 2OO6
2 9 2OO7
29 2008
2 . 8 2O09
2.8 2O10
28 2O 1 1
2.8 2O 12
27 2O 13
2.7 2O14
2.6 2O 15
26 2016
2.5 2O17
2.5 2018
2.4 2O 19
2.3 2O2O

These
E**
3.0
3 O
3 O
30
2 9
29
29
29
2 8
2 .8
2 8
2.8
27
27
26
2.6
2.5
2.5
24
2.3


      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.  2O.6% of VMT  traveled
      In cold start, 52.IX of VMT in stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on January 1  mileage
      accumulation figures given In Table 2.6.4A.

-------
 H-2'
                                                          TABLE
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                 LIGHT DUTY DIESEL POWERED TRUCKS
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DAIE
                                                                                                  MAY 19, 1989

1985

19B6

1987

198B
MY* £** MY* E** MY* E** MY* EH

1989
January 1 of Calendar Year
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

1996
" * MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E** MY* E*' MY* E** MV E** MY* E**
1966 2.9 1967 2.9 (968 2.9 1969 2.9 197O 2.9 1971 2.9 1972 2.9 1973 29 1974 2.9 1975 29 1976 2.9 1977 29
1967 2.8 1968 2.8 1969 2.8 197O 28 1971 2.8 1972 26 1973 2.8 1974 2.8 1975 2 B 1976 28 1977 28 1978 28
1968 2.8 1969 28 197O 28 1971 2.8 4972 28 1973 2.B 1974 2.8 1975 2.8 1976 28 1977 28 1978 28 1979 28
1969 2.8 197O 2.8 1971 2.8 1972 2.8 1973 2.8 1974 2.8 1975 2.8 1976 2.8 1977 2 8 1978 2 8 1979 2 8 198O 2 B
~197O 2.7 1971 2.7 1972 2.7 1973 2.7 1974 2.7 1975 2.7 1976 2.7 1977 2.7 1978 27 1979 2.7 198O 27 1981
1971 2.7 1972 2.7 1973 2.7 1974 2.7 1975 2.7 1976 2.7 1977 2.7 1978 2.7 1979 2.7 198O 2.7 1981
1972 2.7 1973 2.7 1974 2.7 1975 2.7 1976 2.7 1977 2.7 t97B 2,7 1979 2.7 198O 27 1981 .9 1982
1973 2.6 1974 2 .6 1975 2.6 (976 2.6 1977 2.6 1978 2.6 (979 2.6 1980 2 6 1981 9 1982 9 1983
1974 2.6 1975 2.6 1976 2.6 1977 2.6 1978 2.6 1979 2.6 198O 2.6 1981 9 1982 9 1983 9 19BJ
1975 2.6 1976 2.6 1977 2.6 1978 2.6 1979 2.6 1980 2.6 198 t .B 1982 8 19B3 B 19B4 8 1985
1976 2.5 1977 2.5 1978 2.5 1979 2.5 1980 2.5 1981
1977 2.5 1978 2.5 1979 2.5 19BO 2.5 19B1
1978 2.4 1979 2.4 198O 2.4 1981
1979 2.4 1980 2.4 1981
198O 2.3 1981
1981
19B2
1983
1984
1985

1997
.7 1982
.6 1983
.6 1984
.5 1985
.5 1986

199B
.7 1982
.7 1983
.6 19B4
.6 19B5
.5 19B6
.5 1987

1999
.7 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.6 1985
.6 1986
.5 19B7
.5 1988

2000
.B 1982
.7 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
.6 1986
.6 1987
.5 1988
. 1 1989

20O3
.B 1982
.B 1983
.7 1984
.7 1985
. 7 1 986
.6 1987
.6 1988
. 1 1989
. 1 1990
January
20O5
MY* E * * MY* E** MY* E** MV* E** MY* E** MV* E
1978 2.9 1979 2.9 t9BO 2.9 1981 2.O 1984 2.O 1986
1979 2.8 198O 2.8 19B1 2.0 1982 2.O 1985 2.O 1987
198O 2.8 1981 2.O 1982 2.0 1983 2.O 1986 2.O 1988
1981 2.O 1982 2.O 1983 2.O 19B4 2.O 1987 2.O 1989
1982
1983
19B4
1985
1986
19B7
1980
4989
199O
199 t
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
.9 1983
.9 1984
.9 19B5
.9 1966
.9 1987
.B 1988
.4 19B9
. 4 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.2 1994
.2 1995
. 1 1996
. 1 1997
.O 199B
.9 1984
.9 1985
.9 1986
.9 1967
.9 1988
.4 1989
.4 199O
.3 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
2 1995
.2 1996
. 1 1997
. 1 1998
.O 1999
.9 19B5
.9 19B6
.9 1987
.9 1988
.5 1989
.4 199O
.4 1991
.3 1992
.3 1993
.3 1994
.3 1995
.2 1996
.2 1997
. t 1998
. 1 1999
.O 20OO
.9 1988
.9 1989
.9 499O
.5 1991
.5 1992
. 4 1993
.4 1994
.3 1995
.3 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
.2 1999
.2 2OOO
. t 20O1
. 1 2OO2
.O 2O03
.5 199O
.5 1991
.5 1992
.4 1993
.4 1994
4 1995
. 4 1996
.3 1997
.3 1998
.3 1999
.3 2000
.2 20O1
.2 20O2
. 1 2OO3
. 1 2OO4
.O 2005
.B 1982 .8 19B3 .8 1984 8 1985 .8 1986
.8 1983 .8 1984 .8 1985 8 1986 8 1987
.8 1984 .8 1985 .8 1986 8 1987 .8 1988
.7 1985 .7 1986 .7 1987 7 1988 .3 1989
.7 19B6 .7 1987 .7 1988 .3 1989 3 1990
.7 1987 .7 1988 3 1989 3 199O .2 1991
.6 198B .2 1989 .2 1990 2 1991 .2 1992
.2 1989 2 1990 1 1991 t 1992 1 1993
. 1 1990 . 1 1991 1 1992 . 1 1993 t 1 1994
.O 1991 l.O 1992 .O 1993 O 1994 t .O 1995
of Calendar Year
20OB 2O1O 2012 2015 2018
* MV* E** MY* E** MY* E * * MY* E** MY* E
.0 19B9
.0 199O
.6 1991
.5 1992
.5 1993
.5 1994
.5 1995
. 4 1 996
.4 1997
.4 1996
.4 1999
.3 20OO
.3 20O1
.3 20O2
.3 2OO3
.2 20O4
.2 2OO5
. 1 2OO6
. 1 2O07
.O 2008
.6 1991
.5 1992
.5 1993
5 1994
.5 1995
.5 1996
.5 1997
.4 199B
.4 1999
4 2000
4 2OO1
.3 20O2
.3 2OO3
.3 2O04
.3 2OO5
.2 2O06
.2 2OO7
. 1 20O8
. 1 2OO9
.0 2010
.5 1993 1 .5 1996
.5 1994
.5 1995
.5 1996
.5 1997
5 1998
.5 1999
.4 2000
.4 2OO1
4 2002
4 2003
3 2004
.3 2005
.3 2006
. 3 2OO7
2 2008
. 2 2OO9
.1 20 IO
.1 201 1
.O 2012
5 1997
.5 1998
5 1999
.5 200O
.5 2001
. 5 2O02
4 2OO3
.4 2OO4
.4 2005
. 4 2O06
.3 2007
. 3 20O8
.3 2009
3 20 IO
2 2O1 1
.2 2O 12
1 20 13
. 1 2014
.0 2O 15
.5 1999
.5 2OOO
.5 2OO1
.5 2O02
.5 2O03
.5 2004
. 5 2OO5
.4 2OO6
.4 2OO7
4 2008
. 4 2OO9
.3 2O10
.3 201 1
3 2012
.3 2O 13
2 2O 14
2 2O 15
.1 2O 16
.1 2O 17
O 20 18
1.9 1982
1.9 1983
9 1984
9 1985
8 1986
B 1987
8 1988
4 1989
.3 199O
3 1991
.2 1992
2 1993
1 1994
1 1995
.O 1996
.9
9
9
.9
9
8
8
.4
.4
.3
.3
.2
. 2
. 1
1
O

202O
l» MY* E**
.5 2O01
1 . 5 2002
.5 2003
1 . 5 2004
5 2005
. 5 2O06
.5 2007
.4 20O8
4 2009
4 2O1O
4 2O M
.3 2012
3 2O 13
3 20 14
3 2015
.2 aote
2 2O 17
. t 2018
.1 2O 19
. O 2O2O
.5
.5
.5
.5
.5
5
5
4
.4
. 4
4
3
3
3
3
2
.2
1
. 1
O
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY" on January 1  of  the given calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.  20-5% of  VMT  traveled
       tn cold start. 52.1% of VMT In stabilized,  and 27.3% of  VMT -In hot start.   Emissions are based on January  1  mileage
       accumulation figures given tn Table 2.6.4A.

-------
                                   H-27G

                               TABLE 2.7.1

                  NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                               HIGH ALTITUDE
                    HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                          * BER = ZML + (DR « M)

Pol
HC



















CO



















NOx



















Model
Yeans
Pre-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001 +
Pre-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001 +
Pre-1967
1967-1968
1969
1970
1971-1973
1974-1976
1977
1978
1979
1980-1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1966
1987
1988-1989
1990
1991-2000
2001 +
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
8. 130
8.430
8,700
8.770
9.010
9.000
9. 190
9.020
8.070
7.280
6.370
6. 130
G.470
5.950
5.250
5. 140
5.010
4.90O
4.830
4.820
18.050
18.710
19.300
19.470
19.990
19.970
20.380
20.010
24 . 560
22.170
19.390
18.650
19.710
18.110
18.130
17.75O
17.320
16.920
16.680
16.660
22.990
23 . 830
24.590
24.800
25 . 460
25 . 440
25 . 970
25.500
23 . 780
21.470
18.77O
18.060
19.080
17.53O
17,560
17.180
16.770
9.79O
8.010
7.99O
Deterioration
Rate
0.060
0.060
0.060
O.OSO
O.OSO
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.140
0, 150
0. 150
0.150
0.160
0.160
0. 160
0.160
0. 120
0.110
0.090
0.090
0.100
0.090
0.090
0.090
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.170
0. 180
0.180
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.190
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
50 , 000 Mile
Emission Level
8.430
8.730
9.000
9.070
9.310
9.300
9.490
9 . 320
8.070
7.280
6.370
S. 130
6.470
5.950
5.250
5. 140
5,010
4.900
4.830
4.820
18.750
1 9 . 460
20 . 050
20.220
20.790
20.770
21 . 180
20.810
25. 160
22.720
19.840
19. 100
20.210
18.560
1 B . 580
18.200
17.720
17.320
17.080
17.060
23.840
24.730
25 . 490
25.750
26.410
26 . 390
26.920
26.450
23 . 780
21.470
18.770
16.060
19.080
17.530
17.560
17.180
16.770
9.790
8.010
7.990
100,000 Mile
Emission Level
8.730
9.030
9.300
9.370
9.610
9.600
9.790
9. 620
8.070
7.280
6.370
S. 130
S.470
5.950
5.250
5. 140
5.010
4.900
4.830
4.820
19.450
20.210
20.800
20.970
2 1 . 590
21.570
2 1 . 980
21 ,610
25.760
23.270
20 . 290
19.550
20.710
19.010
19.030
18.650
18. 120
17.720
17.480
1 7 . 460
24 . 690
25.630
26 . 390
26.700
27 . 360
27 . 340
27.870
27.400
23.780
21.470
18.770
18.06O
19.080
17.530
17.560
17. 180
16.770
9.790
8.010
7.990
* WHERE :    BER * Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates in grams/mile.
            ZML * Zero mile level In grams/mile.
            DR  • Deterioration rate m grams/ml1e/1OK miles,
            M   > Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19. 1989                                    '

-------
                       H-277

                   TABLE 2.7-3

    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
        HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

               * IER = ZML +  (DR * M)

Pol
HC
CO
NOx
Model
Years
Pre-1985
1985*
All
Pre-1985
1985+
Zero Mile
Emission Level
U9.80
37.20
70.20
55-20
13-20
Deterioration
Rate
0.0
0.0
0.60
0.0
0.0
* WHERE :    IER - Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML - Zero mile level in grams/hour
            DR  = Deterioration rate in grams/hour/!OK miles,
            M   * Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                 H-278
                     TABLE 2.7-4

                 REGISTRATION MIX AND
            MILEAGE ACCUMULATION RATES FOR
                     HIGH ALTITUDE
          HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

                                          Jan 1
   July 1        Mileage       Jan 1      Mileage
Registration Accumulation Registration Accumulation
    Mix*         Rate          Mix       Rate***
            (per vehicle*)	(fleet)
   Jan 1
  Mileage
Accumulation
  (fleet)
 Model
 Year
Index**
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5

  6
  7
  8
  9
 10

 11
 12
 13
 14
 15

 16
 17
 18
 19
 20+
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area. This mileage distribution
    is applicable to calendar year 1988 only.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l) - 0 and,
            JMAR(MYI) - MAR(MYI-l), MYI - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989
0.082
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091
0.075
0.061
0.050
0.041
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
56990.
52418.
48214.
44348.
40792.
37522.
34514.
31749.
29205.
26865-
24713-
22735.
20914.
19240.
17700.
16283-
14980.
13781.
12678.
11665.
0.0
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091
0.075
0.061
0.050
0.041
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
0.
56990.
52418.
48214.
44348. •
40792.
37522.
34514.
31749.
29205-
26865.
24713.
22735-
20914.
19240.
17700.
16283.
14980.
13781.
12678.
0.
28495-
83199.
133514.
179795.
222364.
261521.
297538.
330670.
361147.
389182.
414971.
438695-
460519.
480596.
499065.
516057.
531688.
546069.
559298.

-------
                                       H-279

                                   TABLE 2.7-5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                        HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                 JANUARY 1,

Model
Years
1988
198?
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1375
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
(A)
(B)
HDDV Fleet Sales
Registration Fraction (A*B)
0.0
0.165
0.135
0.111
0.091
0.075
0,061
0.050
0.041
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.024
.000 0.0
.000 0.165
.000 0.135
.000 0.111
,000 0.091
.000 0.075
.000 0.061
.000 0.050
.000 0.041
.000 0.034
.000 0.028
.000 0.023
.000 0.019
.000 0.015
.000 0.013
.000 0.010
.000 0.009
.000 0.007
.000 0.006
.000 0.024
(C=A*B/DAF)
HDDV
Reqi strat ion
0.0
0.180
0.147
0.121
0.099
0.082
0.067
0.055
0.045
0.037
0.031
0.025
0.021
0.016
0.014
0.011
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.026
(D)
Annual Mi leage
Accrual Rate
0.
56990.
52418.
48214.
44348.
40792.
37522.
34514.
31749.
29205.
26865.
24713.
22735-
20914.
19240.
17700.
16283.
14980.
13781.
12678.
(C*D/TFNORM)

(CftD)
0.0
10254.4
7716.9
5836.1
4400 . 9
3336.3
2496.0
1881.9
1419-5
1082.8
820.3
619-9
471.1
342.1
272.8
193.0
159.8
114.4
90.2
331.8
Travel
Fractions
0.0
0.245
0.184
0.139
0.105
0.080
0.060
0.045
0.034
0.026
0.020
0.015
0.011
0.008
0.007
0,005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.008
                       OAF: 0.918
                                           TFNORM: 41840.1
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
January 1  registration mix from Table 2.7.4,
Diesel fleet sales fractions,
Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.7*4.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                     H-280

                 TABLE 2.7.6

  SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR
                 HIGH ALTITUDE
     HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES

       * SCF(s)- EXP(A + B*s + Cfts**2)
Pol
HC
CO
NOx
node!
Years
Al 1
All
All
Coef f icients
A B
0
1
0
.92i*00
.39600
.67600
-0
-0
-0
.05500
.08800
.OU800
0
0
0
c
.000^
.00091
.00071
»'« WHERE:   s = average speed  (mph).

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
              H-281

          TABLE 2.7.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
HEAVY DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years               (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1978               0.333
1978-1981               0.333
1982-1987               0.271
  1988+                 0.230
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC) ,
  i.e., NMHC =  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                H-282

            TABLE  2.7-106

         CONVERSION  FACTORS
           FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
  HEAVY  DUTY DIESEL  POWERED  VEHICLES
 Model
 Years

Pre-1962
 1962
 1963
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
197**
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1981*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997+
                         Conversion
                           Factors*?

                           2.850
                           2.858
                           2.87^
                           2.890
                           2.900
                           2.995
                           3.07^
                           3-
                           3.
                           3.
                         100
                         161
                         197
                       3-188
                       3-213
                       3-
                       3.
                       3
                       3
                       2
                       2
                       2
                       2
                       2
                       2
                       2
                             179
                             246
                             187
                             999
                             716
                             698
                             376
                             277
                             406
                             211
                           2.214
                             167
                             132
                             099
                             066
                             050
                             033
                            .033
                            .033
                            .039
                            .039
                             037
                           2.036
* Convert from grams/brake-hoursepower/hour
  to grams/mile uni ts.

DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVV DUTY DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                         TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
                                                                                           DATE :  MAY 19.  1989
1985
MY*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1961
1962
1963
19B4
1985
E*'
1 1
11





11
11
11
11
1 1
10
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
*
5
7
6
8
8
9
a
6
5
3
2
2
a
i
3
3
4
1
5
9
1986
MY* E**
1967 11.8
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
.7
.9
.9
.O
.9
.B
.6
.5
.3
.4
.O
1979 6.1
198O 7.3
1981 7.3
1982 6.4
1983 6.1
19B4 6.5
198S 5.9
1986 5.3
1987
MY*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1966
1967
e*
1 1
12
12
12
12
11
11
11
11
11
11
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
S
*
.6
.O
.O
. 1
.O
.9
.8
.6
.5
.5
.2
. 1
.3
.3
.4
. 1
.5
.9
.3
. 1
1988
MY*
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1961
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1968
E**
12.
12
12.
12.
12.
t .
t .
1 .
1 .
1 .
a.
7.
7.
6.
6.
6.
S.
5.
5.
5.

1
O
2
1
O
9
B
6
7
4
1
3
3
4
1
5
9
3
1
0
1989
MY*
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1962
1963
19B4
1985
1986
1987
1966
19B9
e*
12
12
12
12
12
11
1 1
1 1
11
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
S
January 1
1990
*
. 1
.3
.2
. t
.O
.9
.8
.8
.5
. 1
.3
.3
.4
. 1
.5
.9
.3
. 1
.0
.O
MY*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1963
19B4
1985
1986
1987
1988
1969
199O
E*
12
12
12
12
12
11
12
11
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
of Calendar Year
1991 1992
*
.4
.3
.2
. 1
.O
.9
.O
.7
. 1
.3
.3
.4
. 1
.5
.9
.3
. 1
.0
.O
.9
MY*
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1963
1964
1985
1986
1987
1986
1969
199O
1991
E**
12
12
12
12
12
12
11
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
3
2
1
0
1
B
1
3
3
4
t
5
9
3
1
O
O
9
B
MY*
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1976
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1964
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
E*
12
12
12
12
12
11
a
7
7
6
6
6
5
S
S
5
5
4
4
4
t
4
3
2
1
2
9
t
3
3
4
1
5
9
3
1
O
O
9
a
8
1993
MY*
1974
1975
1976
1977
(978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
E**
12
12
12
12
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
.4
3
2
.3
O
. 1
.3
3
4
1
.5
.9
3
1
0
O
9
.8
.8
B
1994
MY*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
e*
12
12
12
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4

4
3
4
. 1
1
3
3
4
1
5
9
3
1
0
O
9
a
a
8
8
1995
MY*
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
1981
1982
(983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
E*
12
12
12
B
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
5
2
1
.3
.3
4
1
5
9
3
1
O
0
9
B
8
a
B
8
1996
MY*
1977
1978
1979
1980
(981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
E*
12
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

5
3
1
3
3
4
1
^
9
3
1
0
O
9
a
B
8
B
8
8
1997
HV* .
1976
1979
198O
1981
1982
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1966
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E*
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
+
.4
. 1
.3
.3
.4
. 1
.5
.9
.3
. 1
.O
.0
.9
.6
.6
.6
.6
.6
.6
.6
1996
MY*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1965
1966
1987
1968
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
8. 1
7.3
7.3
6.4
6. 1
6.5
5.9
5.3
S. 1
5.0
5.O
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.8
1999
MV*
198O
1961
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1968
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
E**
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4





4
4
4
4
.3
.3
.4
. 1
.5
.9
.3
. 1
.0
.0
.9
.8
.8
.8
.a
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
2000
MV*
1981
1962
1963
1984
1985
1986
1987
198B
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
E**
7.3
6.4
6. 1
6.5
5.9
5.3
5. 1
5.O
5.0
4.9
4.B
4.8
48
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
January 1 of Calendar Vear
2003 2O05 2O08 2010
MV*
1984
1965
1966
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
20O1
2OO2
2OO3
E**
6.5
5.9
5.3
5.1
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.6
4.8
4.6
4.6
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
MY* C**
1986 5.3
1987 5.1
1968 5.O
1989 5.O
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
2001
.9
.a
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
.6
.6
.8
.B
.8
2OO2 4.8
2OO3 4 . 8
2O04 4 . 8
2OO5 4 . 6
MY*
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
20O1
20O2
2003
2OO4
2OO5
2O06
2OO7
2O08
E**
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
.O
.9
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
6
.6
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
.8
.B
.8
.8
MV*
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
199B
1999
2OOO
20O1
2O02
2O03
2O04
2O05
20O6
20O7
2O08
2009
20 to
E*
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4





fc
8
8
B
B
B
a
a
a
8
B
B
B
a
a
8
8
8
8
B
a
2O12
MY*
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
199B
1999
200O
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2OO7
2OO8
20O9
20 1O
2011
2O12
E*
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
»
B
8
8
8
8
8
8
a
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
a
a
2015
MY*
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2O04
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
20 1O
201 1
2O12
2013
2O 14
2O 15
E*
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
t
B
a
8
8
a
8
a
.8
8
8
a
8
8
8
.8
8
8
a
8
8
2018
MY +
1999
2000
2O01
2OO2
2O03
2004
2OO5
2OO6
2007
2OO8
2009
2O1O
2O1 1
2O12
2013
2014
2015
2016
2O17
2018
E*
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
t
8
8
8
8
8
B
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
B
8
8
8
8
a
2O2O
MY*
20O1
2OO2
20O3
2004
2O05
2006
2007
2OO8
20O9
2010
201 1
2O12
2013
2014
2O15
2O16
2017
2018
2019
2O20
E**
4.8
48
4 8
4 .8
4 8
4.8
4 .8
4 8
4 8
4 8
4.8
48
4.8
4 8
4 .8
4 8
4 8
4 .8
4.8
4 .8
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mite emission level  for model  year "MY" on January 1  of the given calendar year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.   Emissions are based on
       the January t mileage accumulation figures given In Table  2.7.4.

-------
 H-2B4
                                                          TABLE 2.7.1 IB
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY 19,  1989
                                          BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVY DUTV DIESEL POWERED VEHICLES
                                                                CO





January
1 of Calendar Year
19B5 1986 19B7 1S88 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MV*
1966
1967
196B
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
19B1
1982
1983
19B4
1985

E*+ MY*
25.9 1967
26.9 1968
26.7 1969
27. O 197O
27. O 1971
27.7 1972
27.4 1973
27. O 1974
26.6 1975
26.2 1976
25.7 1977
25.7 1978
24.8 1979
27.7 198O
24.6 1981
24 . 1 1982
2O. 6 19B3
19.4 1984
2O. 0 1985
18.1 1986

E** MY*
27 . 1 1968
26.9 1969
27.3 197O
27.2 197 t
2B.O 1972
27.7 1973
27.4 1974
27. O 1975
26.6 1976
26.2 1977
26.2 1978
25.3 1979
28 . 1 I960
25. O 1981
24.6 1982
21. O 1983
19.9 1984
2O. 5 1985
18.4 1986
18.1 1987

E** MY*
27 . 1 1969
27.5 1970
27.4 1971
28.2 1972
28. O 1973
27.7 1974
27.3 1975
27. O 1976
26.6 1977
26.6 1978
25.8 1979
28.5 198O
25.4 1981
25.0 1982
21.4 1983
2O. 3 1984
21. O 19B5
18.9 1986
IB. 4 1987
17.8 1988

E** MY*
27.7 1970
27.7 1971
2B.5 1972
28.2 1973
28. O 1974
27.7 1975
27.3 1976
27. O 1977
27. O 1978
26.2 1979
28.9 1980
25.8 1981
25.4 1982
21.7 1983
2O. 7 19B4
21.5 1985
19.3 1986
18.9 1987
1B.O 19B8
17.3 1989

E** MY*
27.9 1971
28.7 1972
28.5 1973
28.2 1974
28. O 1975
27.7 1976
27.3 1977
27.4 1978
26.6 1979
29.2 198O
26.1 1981
25.8 1982
22.1 1983
21.O 1984
21.9 1985
19.7 19B6
19.3 1987
18.5 1988
17.5 1989
.17.3 199O
January
E** MY*
2B.9 1972
28.7 1973
28.5 1974
28.2 1975
28. O 1976
27.7 1977
27.7 1978
27.0 1979
29.5 198O
26.5 1981
26.1 1982
22.4 1983
21.3 1984
22.3 1985
2O. 1 1986
19.7 1987
19. O 1988
18. O 1989
17.5 199O
16.9 1991
E * * MY *
28.9 1973
28.7 1974
28.5 1975
28.2 1976
28. O 1977
28.1 1978
27.4 1979
29. B 1980
26.7 1981
26.5 1982
22.6 1983
21.6 1984
22.7 19B5
2O. 5 1986
2O. 1 19B7
19.4 19B8
18.4 1989
1B.O 199O
17. 1 1991
16.7 1992
E * + MY *
2B.9 1974
28.7 1975
28.5 1976
28.2 1977
28.4 1978
27.7 1979
3O. 1 1980
27. O 1981
26.7 1982
22.9 1983
21.9 1984
23. O 1985
2O. 8 19B6
20.5 1987
19. B 1988
18.8 1989
18.4 1990
17.6 1991
16.9 1992
16.7 1993
E** MV*
2B 9 1975
28. 7 1976
28 5 1977
28 6 197B
28.0 1979
3O.3 1980
27.2 19B1
27.0 1982
23.1 1983
22.2 19B4
23.3 1985
21.1 1986
20 8 1987
20.1 1988
19. 1 19B9
18 B 199O
18. O 1991
17.3 1992
16.9 1993
16.7 1994
E** MY*
28.9 1976
28.7 1977
2B.9 197B
28.3 1979
3O.5 1980
27.5 19B1
27.2 1982
23.3 1983
22.4 1984
23.6 1985
21.4 1986
21.1 1987
2O. 4 1988
19.4 19B9
19. 1 199O
IB. 4 1991
17.7 1992
17.3 1993
16.9 1994
16.7 1995
E*+ MY*
28.9 1977
29 1 1978
28.5 1979
30.8 198O
27 7 1981
27.5 1982
23.5 1983
22 6 1984
23.9 19B5
21 6 1986
21.4 1987
2O 7 1988
19 7 1989
19 4 199O
18 7 1991
18. 1 1992
17.7 1993
17.3 1994
16.9 1995
16.7 1996
E**
29.3
28.7
30.9
27.8
27.7
23.7
22.8
24. 1
21 .8
21.6
2 t .O
20. O
19.7
19.0
18.5
18. 1
17 .7
17.3
16.9
16.7
1 of Calendar Year
1997 1998 1999 20OO 2003 2005 2008 2O1O 2012 2OI5 2O18 2O2O
MY*
1978
1979
198O
198 t
1982
1983
19B4
1985
1986
1987
19BB
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E** MV*
29. O 1979
31.1 198O
28. O 1981
27.8 1982
23.9 1983
23. O 1984
24.3 1985
22.1 1986
21.9 1987
21.3 1988
2O. 2 1989
2O. 0 199O
19.3 1991
18.8 1992
18.5 1993
18.1 1994
17.7 1995
17.3 1996
16.9 1997
16.7 1998
E** MY*
31.3 198O
28.2 1981
28. O 1982
24.0 1983
23 . 1 1984
24.5 1985
22.3 1986
22.1 1987
21.5 1988
20.4 1989
2O. 2 199O
19.6 1991
19.1 1992
18.8 1993
18.5 1994
18.1 1995
17.7 1996
17.3 1997
16.9 1998
16.7 1999
E+* MY*
28.3 1981
2B.2 1982
24.2 19B3
23.3 1984
24.7 1985
22.4 1986
22.3 1987
21.7 1988
2O. 6 1989
20.4 199O
19.8 1991
19.3 1992
19.1 1993
18.8 1994
18.5 1995
IB . 1 1996
17.7 1997
17.3 1998
16.9 1999
16.7 2OOO
E** MY*
28.3 1984
24.3 19B5
23.4 1986
24.9 1987
22.6 1988
22.5 1989
21.9 199O
2O. 8 1991
20.6 1992
2O. O 1993
19.6 1994
19.3 1995
19.1 1996
18.8 1997
18.5 1998
18.1 1999
17.7 2000
17.3 2OO1
16.9 2OO2
16.7 2OO3
E** MY*
25.3 1986
23. O 1987
22.9 19BB
22.4 1989
21.3 1990
21.2 1991
20.6 1992
2O. 2 1993
2O. O 1994
19.8 1995
19.6 1996
19.3 1997
19. 1 1998
IB. 8 1999
18.5 2000
18.1 2O01
17 .7 2O02
17.3 2OO3
16.9 2OO4
16.7 2OOS
E** MY*
23.2 1989
22.7 199O
21.6 1991
21.4 1992
2O. 9 1993
2O. 5 1994
2O. 4 1995
2O. 2 1996
2O. O 1997
19.8 1998
19.6 1999
19.3 2OOO
19. 1 2O01
1B.B 20O2
18.5 2003
IB. 1 2OO4
17.7 2O05
17.3 20O6
16.9 2OO7
16.7 2OO8
E+* MY*
21.8 1991
21.3 1992
20.9 1993
2O. 8 1994
2O. 7 1995
2O. 5 1996
2O. 4 1997
2O. 2 1998
2O. O 1999
19.8 2OOO
19.6 2O01
19.3 2002
19. O 2OO3
18.8 2OO4
18.4 2O05
18 . 1 2006
17.7 2OO7
17.3 2OO8
16.9 2OO9
16.7 2O1O
E * * MY *
21.2 1993
21.O 1994
2O. 9 1995
20 . 8 1 996
20 7 1997
2O. 5 1998
2O 4 1999
2O . 2 2OOO
20. O 2OO1
19.8 2O02
19.5 2003
19.3 2O04
19. O 2O05
18.8 2006
18.4 2OO7
18.1 2008
17.7 2009
17.3 2O1O
16.9 2O11
16.7 2O12
E** MY*
21,2 1996
21.0 1997
20 9 1996
2O. B 1999
2O. 7 2000
20.5 2O01
2O. 4 2O02
2O. 2 2OO3
2O. O 2004
19.8 2O05
19.5 2006
19.3 2OO7
19. O 2O08
IB. 8 2O09
18.4 201O
1 B . 1 20 1 1
17.7 2012
17.3 2013
16.9 2O14
16.7 2O 15
E** MY*
21.2 1999
2 1 . O 20OO
20.9 2001
20.8 2002
2O 7 2003
20.5 2O04
2O. 3 20O5
2O. 2 2OO6
2O. O 2O07
19.8 2OOB
19.5 20O9
19.3 2O1O
19 O 2O 1 1
18.8 2012
18.4 2O13
18.1 2O 14
17.7 2O15
17.3 2O 16
16.9 2O17
16.7 2018
E** MY*
21.2 2O01
2 1 O 2OO2
2O. 9 2O03
2O. 8 2004
20.7 20O5
20.5 2006
2O. 3 2007
2O. 2 2OOB
20.0 20O9
19.8 2O 1O
19.5 2011
19 3 2O12
19 O 2O13
IB. 8 2014
18 4 2015
18. 1 2O16
17.7 2O 17
17.3 2O18
16.9 2O19
16.7 2O2O
E**
21.1
21 O
2O. 9
2O. 8
2O. 7
20.5
2O. 3
20.2
20. O
19.8
19 5
19.3
19. O
18.8
18 4
18 1
17 .7
17 3
16.9
16.7
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**£ -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY"  on January  1  of  the given  calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH,  TEMP=75 Degrees F.   Emissions are  based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table  2.7.4.

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                          BY  MODEL  YEAR  EMISSION LEVELS  FOR  HIGH  ALTITUDE
                                                HEAVY  DUTY  DIESEL POWERED  VEHICLES
                                                                NOx
                                                                                           DATE
                                                                                                  MAY  19,  1989
January
1985
MV*
1966
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
197B
1979
19BO
19B1
19B2
19B3
1984
1985
E**
32.5
33.7
33.4
33.9
34.3
34.6
34.2
33.8
33.3
32.8
32.3
32.3
31.2
23. B
21 .5
21 .5
18. B
IB 1
19. 1
17.5
1986 19B7
MY*
1967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
I960
1981
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
E** MV*
33.9 1968
33.7 1969
34.2 197O
34.6 1971
34.9 t972
34.6 1973
34.2 1974
33.8 1975
33.3 1976
32.8 1977
32. B 1978
3KB 1979
23. B 19BO
21.5 19B1
21.5 19B2
18.8 4983
18. 1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
E**
33.9
34.4
34.9
35.3
34.9
34.6
34.2
33.8
33.3
33.4
32.4
23.8
21. 5
21 .5
18.8
IB. 1
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
I98B 19B9
MY*
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
E** MY*
34.7 197O
35.2 197 t
35.6 1972
35.3 1973
34.9 1974
34.6 1975
34.2 1976
33.8 1977
33.9 1978
32.9 1979
23.8 19BO
21. 5 1981
21.5 1982
18.8 1983
IB 1 1984
19 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1988
16.8 1989
E**
35. 4
35.8
35.6
35.3
34.9
34 .6
34.2
34.3
33.4
23.8
21.5
21 .5
18.8
18. 1
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
16.8
16.8
1 of Calendar Year
1990 1991 1992
MY*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
197B
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
19B7
19B8
1989
199O
January
1997
MY*
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
19B4
19B5
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
36. 1
23.8
21 .5
21.5
ta.a
18. 1
19. 1
17 .5
17 .6
17.2
16.8
16 8
9.B
8.O
8.O
8.O
a.o
8.O
B.O
B.O
1998 4999
MY*
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
19B6
19B7
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
199B
E** MY*
23.8 198O
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18. B 1983
18. 1 1984
19. » 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 I9B7
17.2 1988
16.8 1989
16.8 199O
9.8 1991
8.O 1992
B.O 1993
B.O 1994
B.O 1995
SO 1996
8.O 1997
8.O 1998
B.O 1999
€**
21.5
21.5
18.8
18. I
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
16.8
16.8
9.8
8.O
8.0
B.O
B.O
8.O
80
8.0
a.o
8.O
2OOO 20O3
MY*
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
t9B6
I9B7
1968
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
20OO
E** MY*
21.5 1984
18.8 1985
18.1 1986
19. t 1987
17.5 1988
17.6 1989
17.2 199O
16.8 1991
16.8 1992
9.8 1993
8.O 1994
8.O 1995
8.0 1996
8.0 1997
B.O 199B
B.O 1999
8.O 2OOO
8.O 2001
8.O 2OO2
8.O 2O03
E**
19. 1
17.5
17.6
17.2
16. B
16 8
98
a.o
8.0
e.o
a.o
B.O
B.O
8.O
8.O
8.0
8.O
8.0
a.o
B.O
E** MY*
36.1 1972
35. B 1973
35.6 1974
35.2 1975
34.9 1976
34 6 1977
34.7 1978
33.8 1979
23.8 19BO
21 5 19B1
21.5 1982
18.8 1983
18.1 1984
19 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1988
16.8 1989
16.8 1990
9.8 1991
E** MY*
36. 1 1973
35.8 1974
35.5 1975
35.2 1976
34.9 1977
35.1 1978
34.2 1979
23. B 198O
21.5 1981
215 1982
18. B 1983
18.1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1988
16.8 1989
16.8 199O
98 1991
8.O 1992
E + *
36 1
35 B
35 5
35 2
35 5
34 6
23 8
21 .5
21.5
IB B
IB. 1
19 1
17 5
17.6
17 .2
16.8
16.8
9.8
80
80
1993 1994 1995
MY*
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
19BO
19B1
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
E** MY*
36 1 1975
35 8 1976
35.5 1977
35 8 1978
35. O 1979
23.8 1980
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18. B 1983
18. t 1984
19 1 1985
17 5 1986
17 .6 1987
17.2 1988
16 B 1989
16 8 1990
98 1 99 1
8 O 1992
8.O 1993
B.O 1994
E** MV *
36. 1 1976
35 8 1977
36. 1 1978
35 3 1979
23.8 198O
21.5 1981
21.5 1982
18.8 1983
18. 1 1984
19. 1 1985
17.5 1986
17.6 1987
17.2 1988
16.8 1989
16 B 199O
98 1991
8.O 1992
8.0 1993
8 O 1994
8.O 1995
E**
36 t
36. 3
35 .6
23 8
215
2 1 5
18 8
18 1
19 1
17.5
17 6
17 2
16. B
168
98
8.0
8.0
8.0
8 .0
8 .0
1996
MY*
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
E**
36.6
35 9
23 B
21 5
21.5
18 . B
18 1
19 1
17.5
17 .6
17 2
16.8
168
98
8 0
80
8 0
8 0
a o
8.0
1 of Calendar Year
2005 2OOB 2O 10
MV*
19B6
1987
1988
19B9
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2O02
2O03
2OO4
2OO5
E** MY*
17.6 1989
17.2 1990
16.8 1991
16.8 1992
9.8 1993
8.O 1994
80 1995
B.O 1996
B.O 1997
BO 1998
8.O 1999
8.0 2000
8.O 2001
8.O 2OO2
B.O 2OO3
8.0 20O4
8.0 2OO5
B.O 2OO6
B.O 2OO7
BO 2008
E** MY*
16.8 1991
9.8 1992
8.0 1993
B.O 1994
B.O 1995
B.O 1996
8 O 1997
8.O 1998
8.O 1999
8.O 20OO
a.o 2001
80 20O2
B.O 2O03
B.O 2O04
B.O 2O05
B.O 2O06
80 2O07
8.O 2008
8.O 2OO9
8.0 2O1O
E**
8.0
80
8.0
8.0
80
80
80
80
B.O
B.O
B.O
8 O
SO
80
8.0
8.0
8.0
8 0
8.0
8.0
2012 2O15 2O18
MY*
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2002
20O3
2004
20O5
2006
2OO7
2008
2009
2O1O
201 1
2012
E** MY*
8 O 1996
80 1997
8 O 1998
8.O 1999
8 . O 2OOO
B.O 2001
B . O 2OO2
B.O 2003
8 . O 2OO4
B . 0 2OO5
8.0 2006
8.0 2007
8.0 2008
8 . 0 20O9
B.O 2O IO
8.0 201 t
B.O 2012
8.0 2013
B.O 2O 14
B.O 2O 15
E** MY*
8.O 1999
8.O 200O
8 O 2O01
8 O 2O02
8 O 2OO3
B.O 2001
a . o 2005
B.O 2006
8.O 2OO7
8 . O 2O08
B.O 2OO9
8.0 20 tO
B.O 2O ( 1
8.O 2012
B.O 2O 13
8.O 2O 14
8 O 2015
a.o 20 te
8.O 2O 17
B.O 2O 18
E»*
B.O
B.O
80
8.0
8 .0
8.0
80
8 .0
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
80
B.O
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
8.0
2O2O
MY*
2001
20O2
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
20O8
2OO9
2010
2O t 1
2012
2O 13
2014
2015
2O 16
2017
2O 18
2O 19
2O2O
E**
8 O
8.0
B 0
8.0
8.0
B O
B O
8.0
80
80
B.O
8.0
8.0
8.0
B O
8.0
B.O
80
8.0
8 0
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**€ -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY"  on January  1  of  the given  calendar  year.   These
       emission levels are calculated for the baste test  conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.   Emissions are  based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table  2.7.4.

-------
                                    H-286

                                TABLE 2.8.1

                   NONTAMPERED EXHAUST EMISSION RATES FOR
                                HIGH ALTITUDE
                                 MOTORCYCLES

                           * BER = ZML + (DR * M)

Pol
HC





CO



NOx


Model
Years
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980-1981
1982-1981*
1985-1987
1988+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980-1981
1982+
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Zero Mile
Emi ss
11
3
2
2
2
1
50
37
33
32
0
0
0
ion Level
.1*30
.020
• 950
.520
.000
.81*0
.130
.070
.090
.890
.11*0
.1*50
.570
Deter
ioration
Rate
0
1
1
0
0
0
3
3
2
2
0
0
0

,
.
.
,
•

*
•
•
•
•
9
750
UO
150
950
750
700
220
560
530
1*60
030
0
0
12,000 Mi 1e
Emi ss
12.
1*.
1*.
3-
2.
2.
53.
1*1.
36.
35-
0.
0.
0.
ion Level
330
748
330
660
900
680
991*
3^2
126
81*2
176
1*50
570
21*. 000 Mi
Emi ss
13-
6.
5-
i*.
3-
3-
57-
1*5.
39-
38.
0.
0.
0.
ion
230
1*76
710
800
800
520
858
611*
162
79^
212
1*50
570
le
Level













* WHERE :    BER - Nontampered basic exhaust emission rates in grams/mile,
            ZML - Zero mile level in grams/mile,
            DR  - Deterioration rate in grams/mile/1OK miles,
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                  H-287
                              TABLE 2.8.2

                               NONTAMPERED
            CRANKCASE AND EVAPORATIVE HYDROCARBON  EMISSIONS*
                            FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                MOTORCYCLES
                         —- RVP =  g.O psi	RVP -11.5  psi  —
  Model       Crankcase   Hot Soak     Diurnal    Hot Soak      Diurnal
  Years       (Gm/Mi 1 e)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Gm/Test)    (Cm/Test)

 Pre-1978        0.1*0        5-21        8.1*9        7-98        15-63
1978-1979        0.0         11.71       11.43        17-93        21.02
1980-1981        0.0         12.53       H.87        19.17        21.84
1982-1981*        0.0         12.94       12.01        19-79        22.10
  1985+          0.0         12.87       12.16        19.69        22.36

* Hot Soak emissions = 82F ambient  temperature,
  Diurnal emissions = 60 to  84F one hour heat build,
  No fuel weathering, tested at 40% tank level.

Based on averages of  1.35 trips per day and 10.02 miles per  day.

DATE :  MAY 19,  1989

-------
                       H-288

                   TABLE 2.8.3

    NONTAMPERED HOT STABILIZED IDLE EMISSIONS
                 FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                    MOTORCYCLES

               * IER = ZML +  (OR * M)
Model
Years
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980-1-
Pre-1978
1978-1979
1980+
Pre-1978
1978+
Zero Mi le
Emission Level
IMt.60
31.80
46.80
301.80
}k0.kO
153.60
0.60
1.20
Deter iorat ion
Rate
25-20
21.60
22.80
13.80
30.00
15.60
0.0
0.0
 Pol

  HC



  CO



  NOx
* WHERE :    IER « Nontampered idle emissions in grams/hour,
            ZML * Zero mile level in grams/hour
            OR  » Deterioration rate in grams/hour/IOK miles.
            M   - Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles.

DATE :  MAY ig, 1989

-------
                                 H-289
                             TABLE  2.8.1*

                         REGISTRATION  MIX  AND
                    MILEAGE  ACCUMULATION RATES  FOR
                             HIGH  ALTITUDE
                              MOTORCYCLES

                                                  Jan  1
 Model      July  1        Mileage        Jan  1       Mileage        Jan  1
 Year    Registration Accumulation  Registration  Accumulation    Mileage
Index**      Mix*         Rate          Mix        Rate***     Accumulation
	(per  vehicle*)	(fleet)	(fleet)
  1          0.144         1*786.         0.048           0.            0.
  2          0.168         4475-         0.168        4786.         2393-
  3          0.135         ^164.         0.135        ^75-         7023-
  4          0.109         3853-         0.109        ^164.        11343.
  5          0.088         3543.         0.088        3853.        15351-

  6          0.070         3232.         0.070        35^3-        19049-
  7          0.056         2921.         0.056        3232.        22437.
  8          0.045         2611.         0.045        2921.        255U.
  9          0.036         2300.         0.036        2611.        28279-
 10          0.029         1989.         0.029        2300.        30735-

 11          0.023         1678.         0.023        1989.        32879-
 12          0.097         1368.         0.097        1678.        34713-
 13          0.0             0.         0.0          1368.        36236.
 14          0.0             0.         0.0             0.        36920.
 15          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.

 16          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 17          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 18          0.0             0.         0.0             0.        36920.
 19          o.o             o.         o.o             o.        36920.
 20+        0.0             0.         0.0             0.        3&920.
  * Default information that may be altered by the MOBILE4 user with
    information about the local area.

  ** The indices refer to the most recent model year vehicles in any
     given calendar year.  Index 1 references the newest model year
     vehicles and index 20+ references the oldest model year vehicles.

  *** Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation adjusted to January 1,
      where:  JMAR(l) > 0 and,
            JMAR(MYI) - MAR(MYI-I), MYI  - 2	20+.

  DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                       H-290

                                   TABLE 2.8.5

                 EXAMPLE TRAVEL WEIGHTING FRACTION CALCULATION FOR
                                   HIGH ALTITUDE
                                    MOTORCYCLES
                                 JANUARY 1,  1988
Model
(A) (B)
MC Fleet Sales
(C-A*B/DAF) (D) (CAD/TFNORM)
MC Annual Mileage Travel
Years Registration Fraction (A*B) Registration
1988
1987
1986
1985
1981.
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
197**
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969-
0.048 1.000
0.168 1.000
0.135 1-000
0.109 i.ooo
0.088 1.000
0.070 i.ooo
0.056
0.01*5
0.036
0.029
0.023
0.097
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
.000
0.0 1.000
0.0 1.000
0.0 1.000
0.048
0.168
0.135
0.109
0.088
0.070
0.056
0.01*5
0.036
0.029
0.023
0.097
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.196
0.158
0.127
0.103
0.082
0.065
0.053
0.042
0.034
0.027
0.113
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Accrual Rate
0.
4786.
4475.
4164.
3853.
35*0.
3232.
2921.
2611.
2300.
1989.
1678.
1368.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
(C*D) F
0.0
939-3
705.8
530.2
396.1
289.7
211.4
153-6
109-8
77.9
53- k
190.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ractions
0.0
0.257
0.193
0.145
0.108
0.079
0,058
0.042
0.030
0.021
0.015
0.052
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
WHERE

  A
  B
  D
                       OAF: 0.904
                                             TFNORM:  3657-^
- January 1 registration mix from Table 2.8.4,
- Gasoline fleet sales fractions,
- Sales weighted fleet mileage accumulation rate from Table 2.8.4.
DATE : MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                               H-291
                                           TABLE 2.8.6

                      SPEED CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                            MOTORCYCLES
                                 * SCF(s.sadJ) = SF(s)/SF(sadj )
                    SF(s)
EXP(A + B
A + B*s *
                         S + C*s**2+ D*S**3+ E*s**4+ F*s**5). HC & CO
                         C*s**2+ 0*S**3+ E*s«*4 + F*s*«5. NOx
 Pollutant
    and
Model Vearg
     HC
   Pre-1978
  1978-1979
    198O*

     CO
   Pre-1978
  1978-1979
    198O+

     NOx
   Pre-1978
    1976+

  * WHERE :
O 224612E+O* -O.290973E+OO
O.215056E+O1 -O.28362OE+00
O.21223OE+O1 -O.291O72E+OO
O.181978E+O1 -O.254663E+OO
O.182133E+O1 -O.272O54E+OO
O.2O4S33E+01 -O.31O618E*OO
O 244424E+O1 -O.250IO7E+OO
O.14482SE+O1 -O.122444E+OO
             O.158890E-O1 -O.472494E-O3
             O.1S3836E-O1 -O.442136E-O3
             O.169089E-OI -0.526148E-O3
             O.152347E-O1 -O.487397E-O3
             O.17O3O4E-O1 -O.552O21E-O3
             0.2O4852E-O1 -0.7OB527E-O3
             O.138293E-O1 -O.287O25E-O3
             O.795O24E-O2 -O.171O78E-O3
O.694O77E-05 -0.39279BE-07
O.628732E-05 -0.34631 IE-07
0.8O2705E-O5 -0 47O117E-07
O.7582O7E-05 -0.4495t4E-07
0.862543E-05 -0.51H40E-O7
0.116215E-O4 -0.71569OE-O7
  2O7585E-O5
  J25777E-O5
0.0
O.O
 s    = average speed (mph),
 sadj •= basic test procedure speed; adjusted for fraction of cold start operation x
        and fraction of hot start operation w, |I/sad) = (w+x)/26 * (1-w-x)/16}.
  DATE  : MAV 19. 1989

-------
                              H-292

                          TABLE 2.8.7A

     LOW (< 75F) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                            MOTORCYCLES

               • TCF(b) = EXP [ TC(b)-(T - 75.0) ]

Pol  Model  Years  Test Segment 1  Test, Segment 2  Test_5egment 3

HC
CO
NO*
 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980+

 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  198O+

 Pre-1978
  1978+
-0.20623E-01
-0.244G2E-01
-0.21255E-01

-0.13487E-01
-0.2112SE-01
-0.20843E-01

-0.1SS97E-03
-0.25074E-03
-0.24032E-02
-0.32017E-02
-0.52755E-03

 0,15784E-02
-0.1S289E-02
-0.59951E-02

-O.S9245E-02
-0.59791E-02
-0.10081E-02
-0.86884E-03
 0.93659E-03

 0.11097E-02
 0. 15749E-02
 0.182S3E-02

-0.725BOE-02
-O.S2S90E-02
» WHERE
    TCF(D) = Low temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature « 75F), ana model year, for test segment b,
    T      = Ambient temperature (Fahrenheit).
    TC(b)  * Low temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, reference temperature, and model year, for test segment D.

NOTE :  Tne low temperature correction factor  is used in conjunction with
       the correction factor given in Table 2.8.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                      H-293

                                  TABLE 2.8.7B

             HIGH (> 7SF) TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR COEFFICIENTS
                                FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                    MOTORCYCLES

                        - TCF(B) = EXP [ TC(t»-(T - 75.0) ]

           Pol   Model  Years  Test Segment 1  Test Segment 2   Test Segment 3
           HC
           CO
           NO*
 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980*

 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980+

 Pre-1978
  1978*
-0. 14381E-01
-0.125S2E-01
-0.10888E-01

-0.14S91E-01
-0.38767E-01
-0.21165E-01

 0.38841E-02
-0.10389E-02
 0.13219E-02
 0.42667E-02
-0.47925E-03

 0.37462E-02
 0.84G85E-02
 0.23603E-01

-O.B7325E-02
-0.92466E-02
 0.34799E-02
 0.75843E-02
 0.7SSSSE-02

 0.11014E-01
 0.25179E-01
 0.28483E-01

-0.10839E-01
-0.10108E-01
  WHERE :
    TCF(b) • Hign temperature correction factor for appropriate pollutant,
             ambient temperature, and model year, for test segment b,
    T      = Ambient temperature (Fanrenneit).
    TC(b)  = High temperature correction factor coefficient for appropriate
             pollutant, temperature, ana model  year, for test segment o.

NOTE ;  Tne temperature correction factor is used in conjunction witr.
       the correction factor given  in Table 2.8.7C.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
                                    H-294
                                TABLE 2.8.7C

                NORMALIZED BAG FRACTIONS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                MOTORCYCLES
  Pol
  HC
   Model
	Years

 Pre-1978
1978-1979
  1980+
Test Segment 1
    31     D1
   Normalized Fractions
Test Segment 2 Test Segment 3  Total Test
         _D_2     B3     D3     BO    . DC
                 1.2823 0.1059 0.972S 0.0774 0.8393 0.0843 1.0000 0.0854
                 1.2818 0.7474 0.9728 0.5470 0.8392 O.S929 1.0000 0.6012
                 1.2829 0.7427 0.9713 O.S454 0.8414 0.5869 1.0000 0,5973
  CO   Pre-1978  1.2772 0.1523 1.0172 0.0877 0.7580 0.0712 1.0000 0.0964
      1978-1979  1.2774 0.2308 1.0171 0.1324 0.7580 0.1078 1.0000 0.1459
        1980+    1.2776 0.2284 1.0171 0.1314 0.7579 0.1068 1.0000 0.1445
  NOx  Pre-1978
        1978 +
           1.1112 0.1984 0.7937 0.1191  1.3097 0.1191  1.0000 0.1191
           1.1118 0.0    0.7899 0.0    1.3166 0.0    1.0000 0.0
NOTE :  The fractions given in this table are used in the calculation of the
       operating-mode/temperature correction factor (OMTCF).
WHERE :     OMTCF
           TERM1
           TERM2
           TERMS
           DENOM
            W
            X
           TCF(b)

            M
              [(TERM1  + TERM2 + TERM3)/DENOM],
                 W   "TCF( 1 )-(B1+D1-M) .
              (1-W-X)*TCF(2)"(B2+D2*M),
                 X   "TCF(3)»(B3+D3-M),
              BO + DO*M.
              Fraction of  VMT in the cold start
              Fraction of  VMT m the  hot start
              Temperature  correction factor for
              year,  for test  segment P.
              Cumulative mileage / 10,000 miles
                                      mode,
                                      mode,
                                      pollutant,
                                  model
DATE :  MAY 19. 1989

-------
              H-295

          TABLE 2.8.10A

        METHANE OFFSETS*
        FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
            MOTORCYCLES
  Model             Methane Offsets
  Years                (Grams/Mile)

 Pre-1978               0.068
1978-1979               0.034
  1980+                 0.037
* Methane offsets are used to estimate
  nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions  (NMHC),
  i.e., NMHC -  Total HC - Methane Offset.

DATE :  MAY 19, 1989

-------
H-296
                                                         TABLE 2.8.11A
                                                                                          DATE  : MAY  19,  1989
                                         BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                           MOTORCYCLES
                                                        TOTAL NONMETHANE HC
January 1 of Calendar Year
1985 1986 1987 19BB 1969 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MY* E** MV*
1966 15.7 1967
1967 15.7 1968
1966 15.7 1969
1969 15.7 197O
197O 15.7 1971
1971 15.7 1972
1972 15.7 1973
1973 15.6 1974
1974 15.5 1975
1975 15.4 1976
1976 15.2 1977
1977 15. O 197B
1976 8.5 1979
1979 8.1 19BO
198O 7.1 19B1
19B1 6.6 1982
19B2 5.6 1983
1983 5.1 1984
1984 4.7 1985
1985 4.O 1986

E** MV*
15.7 1968
15.7 1969
15.7 197O
15.7 1971
15.7 1972
15.7 1973
15.7 1974
15.6 1975
15.5 1976
15.4 1977
15.2 1976
8.9 1979
8.5 19BO
7.4 1981
7.1 1982
5.9 1983
5.6 1984
5.1 1985
4 . 1 1986
4.O 1987

E** MV*
15.7 1969
15.7 197O
15.7 1971
15.7 1972
15.7 1973
IS. 7 1974
15.7 1975
IS. 6 1976
15.5 1977
IS. 4 1978
9.3 1979
8.9 19BO
7.8 19B1
7.4 1982
6.3 1983
5.9 1964
5.6 1965
4.5 1986
4 . 1 1987
4.O 1988

E** HY* E
*• MY* E
:** MY*
15.7 197O 15.7 1971 15.7 1972
15.7 1971 15.7 1972 15.7 1973
15.7 1972 15.7 1973 15.7 1974
15.7 1973 15.7 1974 15.7 1975
15.7 1974 15.7 1975 15.7 1976
15.7 1975 15.7 1976 15.7 1977
15.7 1976 15.7 1977 15.7 1978
15.6 1977 15.6 1978 10.1 1979
15.5 1978
9.6 1979
9.3 198O
B.I 1981
7.8 1982
6.6 1983
6.3 1984
5.9 1985
4.B 19B6
4.5 1987
4.1 198B
3.8 1989

1997 1 99B 1 999 2OOO 2O03
MY * E * * MY *
1978 1O. 1 1979
1979 1O. 1 198O
198O 9.1 1981
1981 9.1 1982
1982 B.O 1983
1983 B.O 1984
1984 8.O 1985
1985 6.7 1986
19B6 6.6 19B7
1987 6.4 1988
1988 6 O 1989
19B9 5.B 1990
199O 5.6 1991
1991 5.4 1992
1992 5. 1 1993
1993 4.9 1994
1994 4.6 1995
1995 4.3 1996
1996 4 .O 1997
1997 3.8 1998
E** MY*
1O. 1 198O
9.1 1981
9.1 1982
8.0 1983
8.0 1984
8.O 198S
6.7 1986
6.7 1987
6.6 1988
6 . 1 19B9
6.0 199O
5.8 1991
5.6 1992
5.4 1993
5.1 1994
4.9 1995
4.6 1996
4.3 1997
4.O 1998
3.8 1999
•MY -- Indicates the model
E** MY*
9.1 1981
9.1 19B2
B.O 1983
B.O 1984
B.O 1985
6.7 1986
6.7 1987
6.7 198B
6.2 1989
6.1 1990
6.O 1991
5.8 1992
5.6 1993
5.4 1994
5 . 1 1995
4.9 1996
4.6 1997
4.3 1998
4.O 1999
3.8 2OOO
year .
9.B 1979
9.6 198O
B.4 1981
B.I 1982
6.9 1983
6.6 1984
6.3 1985
5.1 1986
4.8 1 987
4.5 1988
4.0 1989
3.8 199O
January
2OO5
9.8 19BO
8.6 19B1
8.4 19B2
7.2 1963
6.9 1984
6.6 1985
5.4 1986
5.1 1987
4.B 1988
4.3 1989
4.O 199O
3.8 1991
E** MY*
15.7 1973
15.7 1974
15.7 1975
15.7 1976
15.7 1977
15.7 1978
1O. 1 1979
1O. 1 1980
B.9 1981
B.6 1982
7.4 1983
72 19B4
6.9 19B5
5.6 1986
5.4 1987
5.1 1988
4.6 1989
4.3 1990
4.0 1991
3.8 1992
E** MV*
15.7 1974
15.7 1975
15.7 1976
15.7 1977
15.7 1978
10. 1 1979
10. 1 198O
9.O 1981
8.9 1982
76 1983
7.4 1984
7.2 1985
5.9 1986
56 1987
54 1988
4.9 1989
4.6 1990
4.3 1991
4 O 1992
38 1993
E** MY* E** MY* E** MY*
15 7 1975 15.7 1976 15.7 1977
15.7 1976 15.7 1977 157 1978
15.7 1977 15.7 1978 10 1 1979
15.7 1978 10.1 1979 10. t 198O
10. 1 1979 1O. 1 198O 9. 1 1981
1O 1 198O 9. 1 1981 9. 1 1982
9.1 1981 9.1 1982 80 1983
9.O 1982
7.8 1983
7.6 1984
7.4 1985
6 . 1 1986
5.9 1987
5.6 196B
5 1 1989
4 9 1990
4.6 1991
43 1992
4 O 1993
3.8 1994
7.9 1983
7.8 1984
7.6 1985
6.3 1986
6.1 1987
5.9 1988
5.4 1989
5.1 199O
4.9 1991
4.6 1992
4.3 1993
4.0 1994
38 1995
79 1984
78 1985
64 1986
6.3 1987
6. 1 1988
5.6 1989
54 199O
5 1 1991
49 1992
46 1993
43 1994
4 O 1995
3.8 1996
E**
15 7
1O 1
to i
9 1
9. t
B.O
8.0
7.9
6.6
6.4
63
58
5.6
5 4
5. 1
4 .9
4.6
4 3
4.0
3.8
1 of Calendar Year
20O8 2O10 2012 2015
E** MV* E** MY* E** MV*
9.1 1984
B.O 1985
B.O 19B6
B.O 19B7
6.7 1988
6.7 1989
6.7 1990
6.3 1991
6.2 1992
6.1 1993
6.0 1994
5.8 1995
5.6 1996
5.4 1997
5.1 1998
4.9 1999
4.6 2OOO
4.3 2OO1
4.O 2OO2
3.8 2003

**E -- Indicates the average grams/mite emission
8.O 1986
6.7 1967
6.7 1988
6.7 1989
6.4 199O
6.4 1991
6.4 1992
6.3 1993
6.2 1994
6.1 1995
6.0 1996
5.8 1997
5.6 1998
5.4 1999
5 . 1 200O
4.9 2001
4.6 2OO2
4.3 2003
4 . 0 2OO4
3.8 2OO5

6.7 1969
6.7 199O
6.4 1991
6.4 1992
6.4 1993
6.4 1994
6.4 1995
6.3 1996
6.2 1997
6.1 1998
6.O 1999
5.B 2000
5.6 2OO1
5.4 20O2
5 . 1 2OO3
4.9 20O4
4.6 2OO5
4.3 2OO6
4.O 20O7
3.8 2OO8

level for model year
E** MV*
6.4 1991
6.4 1992
6.4 1993
64 1994
6.4 1995
6.4 1996
6.4 1997
6.3 199B
6.2 1999
6. 1 2000
6.0 2O01
5.8 2002
5.6 2O03
54 2O04
5 . 1 2OO5
4.9 2006
4.6 2OO7
4.3 2OO8
4.O 2OO9
3.8 2O1O

E*+ MY*
6.4 1993
6.4 1994
6.4 1995
6.4 1996
6.4 1997
6.4 1998
64 1999
6.3 2OOO
6.2 2001
6 . 1 2O02
6.0 2O03
5.8 2O04
5.6 2005
54 2O06
5 1 2OO7
4.9 2008
46 2009
4.3 20 1O
4.O 2011
3.8 20 12

•MY" on January 1 of
E + * MY + E
6.4 1996
6.4 1997
6.4 1998
6.4 1999
6.4 2OOO
6.4 2O01
6.4 20O2
6.3 20O3
6 . 2 20O4
6 . 1 20O5
6 O 2006
5.8 2007
5 . 6 2OO8
5.4 2O09
5. 1 201O
4 .9 201 1
4.6 2O 1 2
4.3 2013
4.O 2O 14
3.8 2O15

20 18
** MY* E
6.4 1999
6 . 4 2OOO
6.4 20O1
6.4 2002
6.4 2O03
6.4 2004
6.4 2005
6.3 2O06
6 . 2 2OO7
6 . 1 2008
6.0 2009
5.8 2O10
56 2O 1 1
5.4 2012
5. 1 2013
4.9 2O14
4.6 2O15
4.3 2O 16
4.O 2O 17
3.8 2O 18

the given calendar year.
2O2O
** MY*
6 4 2OO 1
6.4 2002
6.4 2003
6.4 2004
6 4 2OO5
6 . 4 20O6
6 . 4 2007
6.3 20O8
6 . 2 2OO9
6.1 20 1O
6.O 2O 1 1
58 2012
5.6 2O 13
5.4 2O14
5 1 2015
4.9 2O16
4.6 2O 17
4.3 2018
40 2O19
3 . 8 2O2O

These
E**
6.4
6.4
64
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.4
63
6.2
6. t
6.0
5.8
5.6
54
5. 1
4.9
4.6
4.3
4.O
3.8


      emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F, 2O.6% of VMT traveled
      In cold start, 52.IK of VMT  in stabilized, and 27.3X of VMT  In hot start. 6O TO 84F diurnal.  75F for hot soak
      9.O psi fuel BVP, 54.57% average In-use fuel tank level.  Emissions are based on January 1 mileage
        cumulation figures given In Table 2.8.4.

-------
 H-
                                                          TABLE
                                                                      B
                                                                                           DATE  :  MAY 19,  1989
                                          BY MODEL VEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                            MOTORCYCLES
                                                                CO
1985
«₯*
1966
1967
I960
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
E**
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
61 .B
61 .3
6O.T
6O.O
59.3
46.2
45. 1
37.9
37.0
35.7
34 .6
33.5
32.9
1986
MV*
1967
196B
(969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
t97B
1979
1980
19B1
1982
19B3
19B4
1965
1986
E**
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
61 .8
61 .3
6O.7
6O.O
47.2
46.2
38.8
37.9
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
1987
MY*
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
19B3
1984
1985
1986
1987
E**
€2.O
62.0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62.0
61.8
61.3
6O.7
48.0
47.2
39.6
38.8
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
1988
MV*
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
E**
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62 .O
62 .O
62.0
62. 0
61 .8
61 .3
48.8
48.0
4O.3
39.6
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
January 1 of Calendar Vear
1989 1990 1991 1992
MY*
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
E**
62.0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
61. B
49.4
46. 8
4O.9
4O.3
39.2
36.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
E**
62.0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
5O.O
49.4
41 .4
4O.9
39.9
39.2
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
e**
62.0
62. 0
62.0
62. 0
62.0
62. 0
SO. 2
5O.O
41 .9
41.4
4O.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MY*
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
E* +
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
62. 0
50.2
SO. 2
42.3
419
41 .O
40.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37 .6
36.7
35.7
34 6
33.5
32.9
1993
MY +
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
E**
62. 0
62.0
62 0
62. 0
SO. 2
5O.2
42 4
423
41.4
41 .O
4O 5
39 9
39.2
38 .4
37.6
36 7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
1994
MY*
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
E**
62.0
62.0
62. 0
SO. 2
SO. 2
42.4
42.4
418
41.4
41 .O
4O.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37 6
36 7
35.7
34 6
33.5
32.9
1995
MY*
1976
1977
1978
1979
I960
1961
19B2
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
E**
62.0
62 0
SO 2
5O.2
42.4
42.4
42 O
41.8
4 t .4
4 1 .O
4O 5
39 9
39 2
38 4
37 6
36 7
35.7
34 6
33.5
32.9
1996
MY*
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
E**
62. O
5O 2
5O.2
42.4
42.4
42. O
42. O
41 8
41.4
41 .O
4O.5
39 9
39.2
38 4
37 6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
 1997
            1996
                       1999
2OOO
2003
                  January 1 of
                      2OOS
Calendar Vear
  2O08	2O10
2012
                                                                                                    2O15
                                                                                                               2O1B
                                                                                                                          2O2O
MV*
1976
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1964
1965
19B6
1987
1988
19B9
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
E**
SO. 2
SO. 2
42.4
42.4
42.0
42. O
42.0
41 .8
41 .4
41. 0
4O.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37 .6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MY*
1979
198O
196 1
1982
(983
1964
1985
1986
1987
19BB
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
E**
5O.2
42.4
42.4
42. O
42. 0
42.0
42. 0
41. B
41 .4
41.0
4O.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
198B
1969
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
E**
42.4
42.4
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
41 .8
41 .4
41 .O
4O.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1981
1962
1983
1984
1985
1986
1967
1968
1969
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
20OO
E** MV*
42.4 1984
42.0 1985
42 .O 1986
42. O 1987
42. O 1988
42 .O 1989
42. O 199O
41.8 1991
41.4 1992
41 .O 1993
4O.5 1994
39.9 1995
39.2 1996
38.4 1997
37.6 1998
36.7 1999
35.7 20OO
34.6 2O01
33.5 2O02
32.9 2O03
E**
42.0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
41. B
41.4
41 .O
4O.5
39.9
39.2
36. 4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2OOO
20O1
2OO2
2003
2O04
2O05
E**
42. 0
42.0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42.0
41 .8
41 .4
41 .O
40.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37.6
36.7
35.7
34.6
33.5
32.9
MV*
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1996
1999
20OO
2001
2OO2
20O3
20O4
2OOS
2006
2OO7
20OB
E** MV*
42. O 1991
42. O 1992
42. O 1993
42. O 1994
42. O 1995
42. O 1996
42. O 1997
41 8 199B
41.4 1999
41 .O 2OOO
4O.5 2OO1
39.9 2002
39.2 2003
38.4 2O04
37.6 2O05
36.7 2O06
35.7 2007
34.6 2008
33.5 2OO9
32.9 2O1O
E**
42. 0
42. 0
42. 0
42 O
42.0
42. 0
42. 0
41 .8
41 .4
41 .0
40.5
39.9
39.2
38.4
37 6
36 7
35.7
34 6
33.5
32 9
MV*
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
(998
1999
2OOO
2OO1
2OO2
2OO3
2O04
2005
2O06
2007
2008
2009
2O10
2011
2012
E * * MV *
42.0 1996
42 0 (997
42. O 1998
42 0 1999
42.0 2000
42 O 2OO1
42. O 20O2
41.8 2003
41.4 2004
41.0 2005
40.5 2006
39.9 2007
39 . 2 2008
38.4 2009
37 6 20 1O
36.7 2011
35 7 2012
34 6 20 13
33.5 2O 14
32 9 2O15
E * * MY *
42. O 1999
42 O 2OOO
42. O 2O01
42.O 2OO2
42. O 20O3
42. O 2OO4
4 2 O 2OO5
418 2O06
414 20O7
4 1 O 2OO8
4O.5 2OO9
39 9 2O10
39 2 2O11
38.4 2O 12
37 6 2O 13
36 7 20 1 4
35.7 2O15
34 6 2O16
33 5 2017
32.9 2018
E** MV*
42. O 20O1
42.0 2002
42.0 2003
42 O 2OO4
42 O 2OO5
42 0 2006
42. O 2O07
418 2008
41.4 20O9
4 t 0 2010
4O 5 2O 11
39 9 2O 1 2
39 2 2O 13
38.4 2O 14
37 6 2015
36 7 2016
35 7 2O 17
34 6 2O18
33 5 2O 19
32 9 2O20
E**
42. 0
42. O
42. 0
42 O
42. O
42 O
42. O
418
41.4
41 O
4O 5
39 9
39.2
38.4
37 6
36.7
35.7
34 6
33.5
32 9
*MY -- Indicates the model year.
**E -- Indicates the average grams/mile emission level  for model  year "MY"  on January  1  of  the given calendar  year .   These
       emission levels are calculated for the basic test conditions:  19.6 MPH.  TEMP=75 Degrees F.  2O 6% of  VMT  traveled
       In cold start, 52.1% of VMT (n stabilized,  and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.   Emissions are based on
       the January 1 mileage accumulation figures  given In Table  2.8.4.

-------
H-29B
                                                         TABLE 2.B.11C
                                                                                          DATE
                                                                                                 MAY  19.  1969
                                         BV MODEL YEAR EMISSION LEVELS FOR HIGH ALTITUDE
                                                           MOTORCYCLES
                                                               NOx
January t of Calendar Vear
1985 19B6 1987 19BB 19B9 199O 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
MV*
1966
t967
1968
1969
197O
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
198O
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985

E** MV* E** MV* E»* MY*
O.3 1967
O.3 1968
0.3 1969
0.3 197O
O.3 1971
O.3 1972
O.3 1973
O-3 1974
O.3 1975
O.2 1976
O.2 1977
O.2 1978
O.5 1979
O.5 198O
O.6 1981
O.6 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
0.6 1985
O.6 1986

1997 1998
MV*
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
(985
1986
1987
1988
1989
199O
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
*MV
**E
O.3 1968 O.3 1969
O.3 1969 0.3 197O
O.3 197O O.3 1971
O.3 1971 O.3 1972
O.3 1972 O.3 1973
O 3 1973 0.3 1974
O.3 1974 O.3 1975
O.3 1975 O.3 1976
O.3 1976 O.3 1977
O.2 1977 O.2 1978
O.2 1978 O.5 1979
O.5 1979 O.5 1980
O.5 t98O O.6 1981
0.6 1981 0.6 1982
O.6 1982 O.6 1983
O.6 1983 O.6 1984
OS 1984 O.6 1985
O.6 1985 O.6 1986
O.6 1986 O.6 1987
O.6 1987 O.6 1988

E** MY*
03 197O
0.3 1971
0.3 1972
0.3 1973
0.3 1974
0.3 1975
0.3 1976
0.3 1977
0.3 1978
O.5 1979
0.5 1980
0.6 1981
O.6 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
O.6 1985
O.6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
0.6 1989

E** MY* E*+ MY*
O.3 1971
O.3 1972
O.3 1973
O 3 1974
O.3 1975
O.3 1976
O.3 1977
O.3 1978
O.5 1979
O.5 1980
0.6 1981
O.6 1982
0.6 1983
0.6 1984
O.6 1985
O 6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
January
1999 2OOO 2003 2005
E** MY* E** MV* E** MY*
O.5 1979
O.5 198O
O.6 1981
O.6 1982
0.6 1983
0.6 1984
O.6 1985
O.6 1986
O.6 1987
O 6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
O.6 1993
O.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
0.5 19BO O.6 1981
O.6 1981 O.6 1982
O.6 19B2 0.6 1983
O.6 1983 O.6 1984
O.6 1984 O.6 1985
O.6 1985 O.6 1986
O.6 1986 0.6 1987
O.6 1987 0.6 1988
O.6 1988 O.6 1989
O.6 1989 O.6 199O
0.6 199O O.6 1991
O.6 1991 O.6 1992
O.6 1992 0.6 1993
O.6 1993 O.6 1994
O.6 1994 O.6 1995
O.6 1995 O.6 1996
0.6 1996 O.6 1997
O.6 1997 O.6 1998
O.6 1998 O.6 1999
O.6 1999 O.6 2OOO
E** MV*
O.6 1984
O.6 1985
0.6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 19B9
O.6 199O
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
0.6 1993
0.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
0.6 1998
0.6 1999
0.6 20OO
0.6 2001
O.6 2002
O.6 2OO3
E** MY* E
O.6 19B6
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 19B9
O.6 199O
O . 6 1 99 1
O.6 1992
O.6 1993
0.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
O.6 1999
O.6 2OOO
O.6 2OO1
0.6 2002
O.6 2OO3
O.6 2O04
O.6 20O5
O.3 1972
0.3 1973
O.3 1974
O.3 1975
O.3 1976
O.3 1977
O.3 197B
O.S 1979
O.S 198O
0.6 1981
0.6 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
O.6 1985
O.6 1986
O-6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
O.6 1991
E** MY*
0.3 1973
O.3 1974
O.3 1975
O.3 1976
0.3 1977
0.3 1978
0.5 1979
O.S 19BO
0.6 19B1
0.6 19B2
O.6 1983
0.6 1984
O.6 1985
O.6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 1990
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
E** MY*
O.3 1974
O.3 1975
03 1976
O.3 1977
O.3 1978
O.5 1979
O.S I960
O.6 1981
O.6 1982
O.6 19B3
O.6 19B4
O.6 1985
O.6 1986
O.6 1987
0.6 1988
0.6 1989
O.6 199O
O.6 1991
O.6 1992
0.6 1993
E * * MY *
O.3 1975
O.3 1976
O 3 1977
0.3 197B
O.S 1979
O.S 19BO
O.6 1981
0.6 1982
0.6 19B3
0.6 19B4
O.6 19B5
0.6 1986
0.6 1987
0.6 1988
0.6 19S9
0.6 199O
0.6 1991
06 1992
06 1993
O.6 1994
E** MY*
O.3 1976
O 3 1977
O 3 1978
O 5 1979
05 1980
O.6 1981
O.6 1982
O.6 1983
O.6 1984
06 1985
O.6 1986
O.6 1987
O.6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
0.6 1991
O 6 1992
O.6 1993
O.6 1994
O.6 1995
E** MY*
O 3 1977
O.3 1978
OS 1979
OS 19BO
O 6 1981
O.6 1982
O 6 1983
O 6 19B4
O.6 1985
0.6 1986
O.6 19B7
0.6 1988
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
06 1991
0.6 1992
0.6 1993
O 6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
E**
03
05
O 5
O 6
O.6
O 6
O.6
O.6
0.6
0.6
O.6
O.6
O.6
06
O.6
O.6
06
O.6
O.6
O 6
1 of Calendar Year
2008 201O 2O12 2015 2O18 2O20
** MY*
O.6 1989
O.6 199O
0.6 1991
0.6 1992
O.6 1993
0.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
O.6 1999
O.6 20OO
O.6 20O1
O.6 2OO2
O.6 2O03
0.6 2004
0.6 2005
O.6 2OO6
0.6 2O07
O.6 2OOB
E+* MV*
O.6 1991
0.6 1992
0.6 1993
0.6 1994
O.6 1995
0.6 1996
0.6 1997
0.6 1998
0.6 1999
O.6 2OOO
O.6 2OO1
O.6 2O02
O.6 2O03
O.6 2OO4
0.6 2005
O 6 2006
0.6 2007
O.6 20O8
O.6 2O09
O.6 2O1O
E** MY*
O.6 1993
O.6 1994
O.6 1995
O.6 1996
O 6 1997
O 6 1998
O,6 1999
O.6 2000
O.6 2001
O.6 2002
O.6 2003
O 6 2004
O.6 2005
0.6 2006
O.6 20O7
O.6 200B
O.6 2009
O.6 2O10
O.6 2O11
O 6 2012
E** MV*
O.6 1996
O.6 1997
O.6 1998
0.6 1999
O.6 2OOO
0.6 20OI
O.6 20O2
O.6 2OO3
O.6 2OO4
O.6 2005
O 6 2006
O.6 2OO7
O.6 20O8
O.6 2OO9
O 6 2010
O 6 2O 11
O 6 2O12
O.6 2O 13
O.6 2O 14
O.6 20 15
E** MY*
O.6 1999
0.6 2000
O.6 20O1
O.6 20O2
O.6 20O3
O.6 2OO4
O 6 2O05
0.6 2O06
O.6 2O07
O 6 2O08
O.6 2009
O.6 2O1O
O.6 2O1 1
06 2O12
06 2O 1 3
0.6 2014
0.6 2015
06 2016
O.6 2O 17
O . 6 2O 1 8
E** MY*
0.6 2001
O.6 2O02
O 6 2003
O 6 2OO4
O 6 2005
O 6 2OO6
O 6 2007
O 6 2OO8
06 2009
O 6 2O 1O
O 6 201 1
06 2012
0.6 2013
0.6 2O 14
O 6 2O15
06 2016
O 6 2017
O 6 201B
O.6 2019
O.6 2O2O
E**
O.6
06
O.6
O.6
0.6
O.6
06
O 6
0.6
06
0.6
O.6
O.6
06
0.6
06
0.6
0.6
0.6
O 6
-- Indicates the model year.
-- Indicates the average grams/ml
le emission level for model year
"MY" on January 1 of
the given calendar year
These

      emission  levels are calculated for the basic test conditions: 19.6 MPH. TEMP=75 Degrees F. 2O.6% of VMT traveled
      In cold start. 52.1% of VMT  In stabilized, and 27.3% of VMT In hot start.  Emissions are based on
      the January  1 mileage accumulation figures given In Table 2.8.4.

-------
                                  Appendix  I
             EMISSION SENSITIVITY TABLES - ALL VEHICLES COMBINED
 This  appendix  contains,  for  all  mobile  sources  combined,   for   several
 calendar years between 1980 and 2010:

      1.  average  exhaust emission  factors  for various ambient  temperatures,
         cold/hot  start  VMT weightings,  and  for  a  range  of  average  speed
         combinations, and,

      2.  average  emission factors by component  under  FTP cold/hot start  VMT
         weightings  and   FTP  average  speed  for  different  levels  of  fuel
         volatility   (in  psi),   and  for   a   range   of  "typical"   ambient
         temperature profiles.

 This  appendix  includes  one  case  that  represents  the  average   national
 emission  factors  as generated  from the standard  test  conditions (in  Tables
 1.4,  1.10,  and 1.16  for exhaust  NMHC,  CO,  and  NOx,  respectively,  and  in
 Table 2.1  for  emissions  by component) as well as  other scenarios that  can be
 used  to  assess the  sensitivity  of  the  emission  factors  to  changing  input
 conditions.  All  emission factors  are  given in units of grams of pollutant
 per vehicle mile traveled, with the exception of idle  emission factors  which
 are  given  in  units  of  grams  of  pollutant   per hour  time.   The exhaust
  •drocarbon emissions are no runethane.   The evaporative HC  emissions include
  ,e crankcase emissions.

 Emission  factors  presented  in this  section  are  intended  to  assist  those
 individuals  interested  in  compiling  approximate  mobile  source   emission
 estimates for  large  areas,  such as an individual  air  quality control  region
 or the entire nation.

The emission  factor calculation  techniques  presented in this  document  are
 strongly  recommended for  the formulation  of  localized emission  estimates
 required for  air  quality  modeling or for  the evaluation  of  air  pollutant ,
 control strategies.   Many factors,  which  vary  with geographic location  and
estimation  situation,   can  affect  emission  estimates  considerably.    The
 factors of  concern include:  average  speed, percentage  of VMT  in  cold/hot
 start vehicle  operation,  percentage  of  travel  by  vehicle  type,  average
ambient  temperature profile,  level  of  fuel  volatility,  air  conditioning
usage, vehicle load, trailer towing, and humidity.  Clearly,  the innumerable
combinations make  it impossible  to present  mobile  source emission factors
for  each  application.    An  effort  has been  made,  therefore,  to  present
emission factors  for a  range  of  conditions.   The following  conditions  are
considered for each of these cases:

-------
                                     1-2
1.   The VMT mixes are those calculated from MOBILE4.  They are as follows:
Calendar
  Year

  1980
  1988
  1990
  1995
  2000
  2010
LDGV
LDGT1   LDGT2   HDGV
                                LDDV
LDDT
                                                HDDV
                                                 MC
0.708
0.708
0.710
0.703
0.693
0.685
0.129
0.128
0.127
0.122
0.116
0.112
0.085
0.086
0.086
0.085
0.085
0.086
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.006
0.013
0.013
0.023
0.035
0.043
0.001
0.004
0.004
0.011
0.017
0.021
0.045
0.036
0.034
0.030
0.029
0.029
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010
     For the exhaust  emission  factor tables (designated  by  1.x),  each table
     represents one average speed.  There are 6 different speeds:   2.5, 5.0,
     10.0,   19*6,   35.0,  and  55.0  mph.   Each  table  presents  six  calendar
     years:   1980,  1988,  1990,   1995,  2000, and  2010.   Each  calendar year
     presents  35  combinations  of  five  temperatures and   seven  operating
     modes.   The five temperatures  are:   0°, 25°, 50°, 75°,  and lOO'F.
     seven operating mode combinations are shown in the following:
                                                             The
      MOBILE4 Input

      0/0/0
      0/100/0
      100/0/100
      50/0/50
      0/50/0
      50/50/50
      20.6/27.3/20.6
            Operating Mode Combinations

                   	Description

                   100% Stabilized
                   100% Hot Start
                   100% Cold Start
                   50% Cold Start, 50% Stabilized
                   50% Hot Start, 50% Stabilized
                   50% Cold Start, 50% Hot Start
                   20.6%  Cold Start,  52.1%  Stabilized,
                   27.3% Hot Start (FTP conditions)
                                                  and
     For the  emission factors  by component tables  (designated by 2.x), all
     emissions are based  on  FTP operating iiode with  19.6  mph average speed.
     Each  table  represents  one  typical ambient  temperature  profile.   The
     given   temperature   profile   in   MOBILE4   determines   the   ambient
     temperatures used  to calculate all emissions:  exhaust HC, CO, and NOx,
     and evaporative  hot  soak,  diurnal,  and   running  loss  emissions.   The
     four typical temperatrue profiles used are:

-------
                                    Temperature in °F
Diurnal
Minimum Maximum
60.0 84.0
66.9 95.1
71.2 91.6
65.9 85.0
nts six calendar years.
uel volatilities: 7.0,
Exhaust
78.1
88.3
87.0
80.6
Hot
Soak
80.2
90.3
88.1
81.8
Each calendar
8.0, 9.0, 10.
Running
Loss
Emissions
81.0
91.3
88.8
82.5
year presents
0, 10.4, and
  Description of
Temperature Profile

FTP Conditions
ASTM Class A
ASTM Class B
ASTM Class C
4.    Each table  pn
     six  level  of
     11.7 psi RVP.   The seven components are:

         Evaporative HC Emissions (hot soak and diurnal),
         Refueling  Loss Emissions,
         Running loss Emissions,
         Exhaust NMHC Emissions,
         Combined NMHC (sum of the  above four) Emissions,
         Exhaust CO Emissions, and
         Exhaust NOx Emissions.

-------
                                  I-if
                              TABLE 1.1
                             LOW ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT   2.5  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN PCHC PCCC
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27.3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27.3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
Com

0 F
27.88
27.79
228.13
106.88
27.68
127.96
60. Ok
18.32
19.85
217.23
93.35
18.77
118. 5^
1.9.15
16.18
18. 1.1
206.30
87.43
16-93
112.35
45.63
11.92
15.33
167.52
69.88
13.16
91.1.2
36.21
8.92
12.61.
125-83
52.60
10.31
69.23
27.47
8.49
11.1*7
91-99
1+0.10
9.61
51-73
21.98
ibined for Eight Vehicle Typi
@ Ambient Temperature
2g F
25.18
27-65
130.85
66.81
26.00
79.25
1*2.63
15-1*6
18.1*2
109.09
50.85
16.1.9
63-76
30. M*
13.51
16.72
101.71*
46.61*
14.64
59-23
27.63
9.73
13.27
81.53
36.52
11.03
47-40
21.35
7.29
10.67
62.57
27-98
8.55
36.62
16.40
6.94
9.71
49.32
22.99
7-98
29-52
14.05
50 F
22.91
27.61
75-31
43.48
24.62
51.46
32.23
13-15
17-24
55-74
29-24
14.63
36.49
20.51
11.34
15-31
51.01
26.24
12.78
33-16
18.19
7-95
11.54
40.21
20.00
9-27
25.87
13-57
5.96
9.01
31.47
15.52
7.10
20.24
10.48
5-68
8.23
26.55
13-59
6.65
17.39
9.42
75 F
20.99
27.68
43.56
29-77
23.49
35.62
25.92
11.26
16.28
28.99
17-93
13-11
22.63
14.98
9-58
14.15
26.02
15-74
11.26
20.09
13-00
6.51
10.07
20.11
11.59
7-83
15-09
9-29
4.89
7.63
16.03
9.07
5-91
11.83
7.15
4.66
6-99
14.37
8.34
5-54
10.68
6.64
ss

100 F
26.23
37-87
32.69
28.62
30.62
35-28
29.57
16.10
23.21
24.38
19.10
18.73
23-80
18.74
13-57
19-58
22.58
16.85
15-78
21.08
16.10
8.52
12.24
18.68
12.28
9-90
15.46
10.79
5-33
7-74
15.73
9.23
6.23
. 11-73
7.40
5.08
7.08
14.09
8.49
5-83
10.58
6.88
TABLE 1.1 : NMHC AT   2.5  MPH.

-------
                                   -5
                               TABLE  1.2
                              LOW ALTITUDE




         EXHAUST  NMHC  EMISSION FACTORS (GRAMS/MILE)  AT  5.0 MPH
Cai .
Year
1980
i960
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988



1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
•1
m>
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN PCHC PCCC
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27.3 20.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 100.0 0.0
100.0 0.0 100.0
50.0 o.o 50.0
o.o 50.0 o.o
50.0 50.0 50.0
20.6 27-3 20.6
Com

0 F
16.58
16.56
132.70
62.1*9
16.1.8
74.63
35-28
9.98
10.68
113.26
1*9-02
10.17
61.97
26.01
8.65
9.71
105.82
1*5.13
8.99
57-76
23.71
6.18
7.85
83.96
35.17
6.78
1.5.91
18.32
4.59
6.41.
62.74
26.32
5.28
34.59
13.82
4.39
5.89
46.14
20.20
4.95
26.01
11.14
ibined for
@ Ambi
25 F
15-03
16.46
76.32
39.23
15-51
46.39
25-17
8.1*7
9-95
57-35
26.98
8.98
33-65
16.29
7-26
8.85
52.55
24.29
7.82
30.70
14.51
5-05
6.81
41.01
18.48
5-70
23-91
10.87
3-77
5.45
31.29
14.07
4.39
18.37
8.30
3.60
4.99
24.81
11.63
4.13
14.90
7.16
E ight Vehicle Typ
ent Temperature
50 F
13.73
16.1*2
1.1.. 09
25-67
14.70
30.25
19.13
7-25
9-36
29-57
15-70
8.01
19-46
11.10
6.13
8.15
26.57
13-82
6.86
17.36
9.66
4.14
5-94
20.32
10.19
4.80
13-13
6.96
3-09
4.61
15.81
7.86
3-66
10.21
5-34
2.97
4.24
13.41
6.92
3.45
8.83
4.84
75 F
12.62
16.44
25.63
17.69
14.05
21.01.
15-46
6.25
8.88
15.54
9-75
7-22
12.21
8.20
5-21
7-57
13.69
8.39
6.08
10.63
6.97
3.41
5-20
10.24
5-96
4.07
7-72
4.81
2.55
3-91
8.11
4.64
3.06
6.01
3.68
2.45
3.61
7-31
4.29
2.89
5.46
3.44
es

100 F
15-53
22.20
19-32
16.93
18.04
20.76
17-46
8.83
12.63
13-03
10.35
10.23
12.83
10.21
7.32
10.48
11.84
8.97
8.48
11.16
8.62
i*.l»5
6.34
9-49
6.32
5-15
7-92
5-59
2.77
3.98
7-96
4.72
3.22
5-97
3.81
2.66
3.66
7-17
4.36
3.04
5-42
3-56
TABLE 1.2: NMHC AT  -,.0 MPH.

-------
                                 1-6
                              TABLE 1.3




                             LOW ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT 10.0 MPH
Cal .
Year
I960
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0,0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0.
0.
100.
50.
0.
50.
20.
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
Com

0 F
8.81
8.79
68. 7k
32.53
8.75
38.76
18.1*7
5.17
5.49
56.76
24.70
5.26
31.13
13.18
it. 46
4.96
52.7**
22.60
4.62
28.85
11.91*
3-16
3-98
ill. 55
17. it?
3.1.5
22.76
9.15
2.35
3.27
31.05
13.08
2.70
17.16
6.91
2.2?
3.01
23.07
10. Ht
2.55
13.01*
5.63
bined for Eight Vehicle Typi
@ Ambient Temperature
25 F
7-99
8.72
39-61
20.1*9
8.23
21t.l6
13-23
4.40
5.13
28.87
13.68
i*.65
17.00
8.32
3.75
4.53
26.30
12.21*
1*.02
15.A2
7-36
2-59
3.46
20.37
9-23
2.91
11.91
5.47
1.91*
2.77
15.54
7-03
2.25
9-15
4.18
1.8?
2.56
12.44
5.87
2.13
7-50
3.64
50
7-
8.
22.
13-
7-
15-
10.
3-
4.
14.
8.
4.
9.
5.
3-
4.
13-
7.
3-
8.
4.
2.
3.
10.
5.
2.
6.
3-
1.
2.
7-
3-
1.
5-
2.
1.
2.
6.
3-
1.
4.
2.
F
30
68
96
47
80
82
09
77
83
97
02
15
90
71
17
18
37
01
53
77
93
13
02
15
13
46
58
53
60
35
90
96
88
12
71
55
18
76
52
79
47
48
	 7j
6
8
13
9
7
11
8
3
4
7
5
3
6
4
2
3
6
4
3
5
3
1
2
5
3
2
3
2
1
2
4
2
1
3
1
1
1
3
2
1
2
1
5 F
• 72
.67
.42
• 33
.45
.05
.18
.26
• 58
• 93
.02
-74
-25
.24
• 70
.88
• 94
.30
.14
.41
• 59
.76
.65
.15
.03
• 09
.90
.45
• 32
.00
.09
.36
.58
.05
.88
.28
.87
.72
.21
.50
.79
.78
es

100 F
8.23
11.64
10.16
8.94
9-52
10.90
9-22
4.59
6.50
6.65
5-33
5-29
6.57
5-27
3-79
5-37
6.00
4.59
4-37
5-69
4.43
2.29
3-23
4.78
3.21
2.64
4.00
2.85
1.44
2.04
4.01
2.40
1.66
-.02
1-95
1.39
1.89
3-65
2.24
1.58
2.77
1.84
TABLE 1.3 :  NMHC AT 10.0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-7



                              TABLE  1.k




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NHHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/HILE)  AT  19.6  MPH
Gal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988



1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010



2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50,0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6



4
k
38
18
k
21
10
2
2
29
12
2
16
6
2
2
26
11
2
14
6
1
2
20
8
1
11
k
1
1
15
6
1
8
3
1
1
11
5
1
6
2
Com

0 F
•91
-89
.05
.05
.88
.47
.26
-76
.90
.28
.82
.80
.09
.88
• 35
.58
.83
.57
.42
.71
• 15
.62
.02
• 74
.76
.77
-38
.61
.20
.66
.46
.54
.37
• 56
.47
.17
.55
.70
.16
.31
.62
.87
bi ned
@
25
k.
k.
21.
11.
4.
13-
7-
2.
2.
15-
7.
2.
8.
4.
1.
2.
13-
6.
2.
7.
3-
1.
1.
10.
4.
1.
5-
2.
0.
1.
7-
3-
1.
4.
2.
0.
1.
6.
3.
1.
3.
l.
for Eight Vehicle Typ
Ambient Temperature
F
46
85
94
38
59
40
36
36
72
00
16
48
86
38
98
37
48
32
12
92
82
34
76
22
66
49
99
77
99
41
77
53
15
59
11
97
32
32
00
10
82
87
	 50
4.
4.
12.
7-
4.
8.
5.
2.
2.
7.
4.
2.
5-
3-
1.
2.
6.
3.
1.
4.
2.
1 .
1 .
5-
2.
1.
3.
1.
0.
1.
3.
2.
0.
2.
1.
0.
1.
3.
1.
0.
2.
1.
F
08
83
73
49
35
78
62
03
57
83
23
22
20
03
69
19
90
65
87
55
59
10
55 '
12
61
27
33
80
82
20
97
00
96
58
38
81
13
45
81
93
29
28
75 F
3-76
4.83
7-45
5.20
4.16
6.14
4.56
1.76
2.44
4.18
2.67
2.01
3-31
2.27
1.44
2.05
3.61
2.26
1.66
2.83
1.90
0.91
1.36
2.62
1-55
1 .08
1.99
1.26
0.69
1.02
2.07
1.21
0.81
1.55
0.97
0.67
0.97
1.91
1.14
0.78
1.44
0.92
es

100 F
4.59
6.45
5.64
4.98
5-29
6.05
5.13
2.47
3-47
3-49
2.84
2.84
3.48
2.82
2.02
2.84
3-11
2.41
2.32
2.98
2.34
1.19
1.67
2.42
1.65
1.37
2.05
1.47
0.74
1.04
2.03
1.23
0.85
1.54
1.00
0-73
0.98
1.87
1.16
0.82
1-M
0.95
TABLE ', .4 :  NMHC AT  K.b MPH.

-------
                                  1-8




                              TABLE  1.5




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT  35.0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0,0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27-3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6



2
2
22
10
2
12
6
1
1
16
7
1
8
3
1
1
lit
6
1
8
3
0
1
11
1*
0
6
2
0
0
8
3
0
k
1
0
0
6
2
0
3
1
Com

0 F
• 91
• 91
.65
• 77
• 90
.78
.11
• 56
.63
• 35
.26
.58
.99
.89
.32
.44
.84
.51
.36
.11.
.46
-91
.11
• 37
• 90
• 99
.24
.58
.68
.92
• 52
.66
.77
.72
.94
.66
.86
• 52
.89
• 73
.69
.61
bined for Eight Vehicle Typ
@ Ambient Temperature
	 2
2
2
13
6
2
7
4
1
1
8
4
1
4
2
1
1
7
3
l
4
2
0
0
5
2
0
3
1
0
0
4
1
0
2
1
0
0
3
1
0
2
1
5 F
.66
.89
.07
.80
-74
.98
.39
-34
.53
.40
.06
.40
.97
.48
.12
.32
.48
.56
• 19
.40
.15
• 75
• 97
.61
.60
.83
.29
.55
.56
.78
.29
.98
.64
.53
.18
.55
.74
.53
.68
.62
.13
.05
5°
2.
2.
7-
4.
2.
5.
3-
1.
1 .
4.
2.
1.
2.
1.
0.
1.
3.
2.
1.
2.
1.
0.
0.
2.
1.
0.
1.
1.
0.
0.
2.
1.
0.
1.
0.
0.
0.
1.
1.
0.
1.
0.
F
44
88
59
48
60
23
36
15
45
40
40
26
93
72
95
23
84
06
05
53
46
62
85
82
46
71
84
01
46
67
20
13
54
43
77
45
63
93
02
52
28
72
75 F
2.26
2.88
4.44
3-11
2.49
3.66
2.73
1.00
1.38
2.36
1.52
1.14
1.87
1.29
0.82
1.15
2.02
1.28
0.94
1.58
1.07
0.51
0-75
1.45
0.87
0.61
1.10
0.71
0.39
0-57
1.15
0.68
0.46
0.86
0.54
0.38
0.54
1.07
0.64
0.44
0.81
0.52
es

100 F
2-72
3.80
3.35
2.95
3-13
3-57
3.04
1.40
1.95
1.96
1.60
1.60
1.96
1-59
1.14
1.59
1.73
1.36
1.30
1.66
1.32
0.67
0.92
1.34
0.92
0.76
1.13
0.82
0.42
0.58
1.13
0.69
0.48
0.85
0.56
0.41
0.55
1.05
0.65
0.46
0.80
0.54
TABLE 1.5 :  NMHC AT 35-0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-9




                              TABLE  1.6




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT  55-0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988



1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010



2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50,0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6



2
2
16
7
2
9
4
1
1
10
4
1
5
2
0
0
9
4
0
5
2
0
0
7
3
0
4
1
0
0
5
2
0
3
1
0
0
4
1
0
2
1
Comt

0 F
.14
. 14
• 57
• 90
.'3
.36
•49
.06
.10
.88
-85
.06
• 99
.61
.88
• 95
.73
.28
• 90
.34
.28
• 59
• 72
.29
.14
.64
.00
.66
.44
.59
.44
.35
• 50
.02
.25
.43
.56.
.17
.85
.48
.36
• 03
sined for Eight Vehicle Typ
@ Ambient Temperature
25 F 5
1
2
9
5
2
5
3
0
1
5
2
0
3
1
0
0
4
2
0
2
1
0
0
3
1
0
2
1
0
0
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
2
1
0
1
0
•96
• 13
• 57
.00
.02
.85
• 23
• 91
.03
.62
• 73
• 95
• 33
.67
• 75
.88
.93
.35
• 79
• 90
.43
.49
.63
.60
.68
• 54
.12
.00
.36
.50
.75
.27
.42
.63
• 76
• 35
.48
.26
.08
.40
.37
.68
1
2
5
3
1
3
2
0
0
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0 F
.81
.12
• 56
• 30
• 92
.84
.48
.79
.98
• 96
.63
.86
• 97
.17
.64
.82
• 54
.37
.70
.68
•97
.40
.55
.81
.94
.46
.18
.65
-30
* J
.41
.73
-35
.92
.50
.30
.41
.24
.66
.34
.82
• 1»7
75 F
1.67
2.12
3-26
2.30
1.84
2.69
2.02
0.69
0.94
1-59
1.03
0.78
1.27
0.88
0.55
0.77
1.34
0.85
0.63
1.06
0.72
0.34
0.49
0.94
0.56
0.39
0.71
0.46
0.25
0-37
0.74
0.44
0.30
0.56
0.35
0.25
0.35
0.69
0.42
0.29
0.52
0.34
es

100 F
1.99
2.76
2.45
2.16
2.28
2.61
2.22
0.95
1-32
1.32
1 .09
1 .09
1.32
1 .08
0.76
1 .06
1.15
0.90
0.87
1.10
0.88
0.44
0.60
0.86
0.60
0.50
0.73
0.54
0.27
0.38
0.73
0.45
0.31
0.55
0.37
0.27
0.36
0.68
0.42
0.30
0.52
0.35
TABLE i.b :  NMHC AT 55.0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-10
                              TABLE  1.7




                             LOW ALTITUDE




              CO EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT   2.5  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
I960
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
o.o
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
Coi

0 F
398.64
296.38
3173.36
11*58.94
357-27
173*. 87
808.88
256.70
213.51
1904.23
887.38
239.23
1058.87
504.55
222.45
187.37
1475-11
706.14
208.14
831.24
412.10
143.66
126.60
705.1*3
368.77
136.20
416.01
231.60
91.17
80.02
310.50
187.96
85.70
195.26
127.87
70.40
51.88
230.51
144.19
61.79
141.20
96.01
mbined
- g
25
358.
304.
1866.
93*.
335-
1085.
581.
208.
194.
1164.
575-
202.
679-
35*.
175-
166.
916.
462.
170.
541.
290.
105.
105-
464.
251.
105.
285-
164.
63.
64.
231.
137.
63-
1*7.
93.
*9.
42.
169.
104.
*5.
105.
70.
for Eight Vehicle Tyr
Ambient Temperature
F
02
81
5*
46
71
67
12
17
82
89
71
29
85
9*
02
02
48
96
96
25
3*
*5
46
97
12
10
22
80
76
10
77
84
50
93
98
17
09
40
76
86
7*
20
50
324.
31*.
1106.
623-
319-
710.
443.
170.
180.
693-
372.
17*.
*37-
25*.
139-
149.
552.
300.
142.
350.
206.
77-
88.
291.
164.
82.
190.
115.
44.
51-
155.
93.
*7-
103-
66.
3*.
3*.
110.
69.
3*.
72.
*8.
F
82
72
73
21
23
72
50
98
98
71
07
14
3*
72
40
73
07
01
90
90
84
99
71
57
87
07
14
71
85
51
19
27
*7
35
12
57
28
*3
69
*1
35
90
75 F
297-70
326.26
660.92
*35-58
307.07
*93-59
358.98
142.29
171.10
371.89
229.96
152.71
271.50
183.66
112.46
137.51
295.10
182.77
121.67
216.30
146.12
58.15
75. *1
15*. *9
96.69
64.90
11*. 95
77-5*
31.77
*l-57
79-90
52.**
35.84
60.7*
42.45
24.52
28.05
52.75
37-5*
26.12
40.40
30.7*
>es

100 F
583-63
607-02
414.25
514.78
588.74
510.6*
558.ll
321.68
312.32
284.40
307.03
316.24
298.36
312.67
253-3*
242.76
240.37
2*8.76
248.10
241.56
248.57
113-32
116.46
142.29
126.23
114.62
129-37
119.30
36.31
52.00
83-93
56.89
42.92
67.96
*8.33
27-32
35.06
5*. 67
40.12
30.83
44.87
3*.*9
TABLE 1.7 :   CO AT  2.5

-------
                                  1-11



                              TABLE  1.8



                             LOW  ALTITUDE



              CO EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT   5.0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
Ko
o
o
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
»0
o
o
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
Comb i ned
„_ fil


225
170
1755
811
203
963
452
137
113
1008
471
127
561
268
118
99
779
374
110
439
219
78
68
379
200
74
224
125
53
46
182
110
50
114
75
44
32
143
90
39
88
60

0 F
• 92
.24
.82
.63
• 34
.03
• 70
.58
• 90
.24
• 39
• 96
.07
• 57
.86
.62
.86
.82
• 98
• 74
-07
• 53
.85
• 57
.13
.27
.21
.92
• 59
.40
.43
.82
.10
.41
• 15
• 34
.88
.93
.28
.00
.41
.30
IS
25
203.
174.
1038.
523-
191.
606.
327.
112.
104.
617-
306.
108.
360.
189.
93-
88.
485-
246.
91.
286.
154.
57.
57-
251.
136.
57-
154.
89-
37.
37.
135.
81.
37-
86.
55.
31.
26.
105-
65-
29.
66.
44.
for E ight Vehicle Tyf
Ambient Temperature
F
92
92
37
38
72
65
66
20
36
34
55
75
85
63
91
53
45
41
50
99
85
70
38
62
91
37
50
91
62
29
98
27
25
63
32
09
72
98
74
04
35
21
5°
185.
180.
619.
351.
182.
400.
251-
92.
97-
368.
198.
94.
232.
136.
75.
80.
292.
160.
76.
186.
110.
42.
48.
158.
90.
44.
103.
63-
26.
30.
90.
54.
27-
60.
38.
21.
21.
69-
43.
21.
45-
30.
F
91
47
59
72
86
03
90
71
34
28
86
10
81
77
16
08
82
11
78
1*5
71
75
29
04
02
86
16
22
59
08
77
95
97
43
96
97
81
27
88
88
54
92
75 F
171.18
186.94
372.88
247.89
176.35
279-91
205.25
77.64
92.38
198.40
123-77
82.94
145-39
99-32
60.96
73.77
156.63
97.84
65.66
115.20
78.54
31-96
41.06
83.08
52.54
35.54
62.07
42.30
18.96
24.38
46.31
30.80
21.23
35-35
25-04
15-68
17.90
33-31
23.82
16.68
25.60
19.57
>es

100 F
327-45
343-99
236.12
290-17
331.63
290.05
314.39
172.71
168.32
151-78
164.39
169-96
160.05
167-77
135.27
129-92
128.01
132.64
132.53
128.96
132.68
60.69
62.74
77-22
68.07
61.54
69.98
64.16
21.63
30.44
48.70
33.43
25-37
39-57
28.49
17-45
22.25
34.64
25-48
19-63
28.45
21.93
TABLE 1.i :    CO AT  5.0 MPH.

-------
                             1-12




                          TABLE 1.9




                         LOW ALTITUDE




          CO EMISSION  FACTORS (GRAMS/MILE)  AT 10.0 MPH
     Cold/Hot Start
Combined for Eight Vehicle Types
vni
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
rercer
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27-3
images
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6

0 F
113.44
86.38
863.78
1*01 .Ok
102.42
475-08
224.84
69-79
58-38
505.49
237-39
65-13
281.93
135-66
61.64
52.17
399-81
193.40
57-73
225-99
113-32
44.48
38.84
210.99
112.71
41.97
124.92
71.02
34.06
28.88
116.68
71.14
31.58
72.78
47-92
30.61
22.70
98.95
62.25
26.92
60.82
41.59
l» MFT1D 1
25 F
102.45
88.43
511.71
259-32
96.52
300.07
163-25
56.78
53.23
310.92
154.93
55-20
182.08
95-97
48.52
46.12
250.59
127-77
47-43
148.35
80.29
32-53
32.26
141.53
77.71
32.31
86.90
50.89
23.88
23.23
86.87
52.12
23.1*7
55.05
35.24
21.41
18.41
73-08
45-38
20.00
45.7**
30.49
ent i empe
50 F
93-^6
90.91
306.19
174.89
91.99
198.55
125-88
46.82
49.40
185.90
100.60
47.62
117-65
69-19
38.70
41.49
151.51
83.04
39-65
96.50
57-32
24.00
27.04
89.12
51.08
25.18
58.08
35-72
16.86
18.75
57.65
35.08
17.61
38.20
24.74
15-09
14.98
47.81
30.28
15-03
31.40
21.30
sraiure
75 F
86.12
93.84
185.03
123.78
88.64
139-43
102.84
39.13
46.65
99.66
62.31
41.84
73-15
50.05
31.29
37-99
80.22
50.25
33-77
59.10
40.36
17.89
22.89
45.95
29-32
19.88
34.42
23.64
12.01
15.19
28.81
19-37
13-36
22.00
15.76
10.74
12.25
22.91
16.37
11.43
17.58
13.43

100 F
164.12
171-37
118.89
145.60
165-79
145.13
157-41
86.61
84.24
77-61
83.03
85.15
80.93
84.34
68.47
66.06
66.70
67-94
67.21
66.38
67-55
32.47
34.22
43.45
37.38
33-21
38.83
34.88
13-56
18.84
30.39
20.98
15.83
24.61
17-84
11.84
15.08
23-96
17.50
13.32
19.52
14.97
E 1 .9 :    CO AT 10.0 MPH.

-------

                                  1-13



                              TABLE  1.10




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




              CO EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  ig.6 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
^R
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010



2010
1 2010
Cold/Hot Start
VHT Percentages
PCCN
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
PCHC
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
• 3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
• 3
PCCC
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
,0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
Con

0 F
60.24
1*5.95
453.34
211.29
54.36
21*9.65
118.70
37.22
31 .20
269.11
126.96
34.73
150.15
72.50
33-93
28.79
219.89
107. 14
31.78
124. 34
62.66
27-57
23.77
129.44
70.14
25-86
76.61
44.06
24.10
19.89
84.14
51.33
22.11
52.01
34.19
23-50
17-32
76.59
48.16
20.62
46.95
32.06
ibined for
@ Ambi
25 F
54.39
46.97
268-71
136.73
51-20
157-84
86.26
30-15
28.32
166.22
83.04
29.31
97-27
51.28
26.52
25.30
138.87
71.08
25-95
82.09
44.41
19.96
19.63
87.98
48.70
19-75
53.80
31.61
16.79
15.96
62.47
37-49
16.35
39.21
25.04
16.33
13-97
56.63
35.07
15.23
35-30
23.43
Eight Vehicle Typ
ent Temperature
50 F
49.62
48.21
160.95
92.32
48.78
104.58
66.59
24.75
26.16
99-41
53.80
25-18
62-78
36.84
21.01
22.61
83.99
46.04
21.56
53-30
31-53
14.58
16.34
55-39
31-87
15.27
35-87
22.03
11.76
12.84
41.10
25-01
12.20
26-97
17.43
11.41
11.30
36.97
23-30
n.35
24.13
16.26
75 F
45-74
49.68
97.41
65.44
46.99
73-55
54.45
20.60
24.58
52.68
32.93
22.03
38.63
26.40
16.88
20.57
43.56
27.29
18.25
32.06
21.87
10.75
13-72
27.62
17-74
11.95
20.67
14.26
8.30
10.37
19.91
13-46
9-19
15-14
10.90
8.03
9.17
17.49
12.42
8.55
13-33
10.12
es

100 f
87.49
90.19
62.93
77.33
87.84
76-56
83-50
45-79
44.14
41.54
44.05
44.81
42.84
44.54
36.59
35.34
36.71
36.73
35-90
36.02
36-27
18.55
20.01
26.54
22.13
19.18
23.27
20.36
9.25
12.78
21.02
14.50
10.79
16.90
12.24
8.76
11.22
18.36
13.25
9.89
14.79
11.22
TABLE 1 . 10:   CO AT 15.0 MPH.

-------
                        1-14
                     TABLE 1.11
                    LOW ALTITUDE

     CO EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT 35-0 MPH
Cold/Hot Start
V
n i
PCCN
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
. 1 !
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
;
rer
cen
PCHC
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
CO
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
• 3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
• 3
AT
Lag
es

PCCC
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
35
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
34
26
253
119
30
139
67
20
17
151
70
19
84
40
18
16
125
59
17
71
34
14
14
79
39
14
47
24
12
13
56
28
12
34
19
11
11
52
27
11
32
17
MPh.

0 F
.24
.36
.59
.22
.98
.98
.16
.51
.65
.00
.38
.27
.32
.18
• 50
.65
.93
.54
.68
.29
• 79
.47
.68
.66
.34
.51
.17
.63
.09
.03
.24
.89
.44
.64
.13
• 51
.81
• 57
.13
.61
.19
.94


-------
                                  1-15



                              TABLE  1.12




                              LOW  ALTITUDE




              CO EMISSION  FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT  55.0  MPH
Cal.
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988



1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
•
V
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
Combi ne
__ ^


25
19
180
85
22
100
48
14
12
101
47
13
56
27
12
11
83
39
11
47
23
9
9
51
25
9
30
16
7
8
36
18
8
22
12
7
7
33
17
7
20
11

0 F
.25
.79
.41
.49
• 97
. 10
.61
.19
.07
• 51
• 59
.27
• 79
• 32
.61
.21
.88
.85
• 98
.54
.38
• 59
-65
.87
• 72
.58
.76
.16
.88
.48
.00
.58
.11
.24
.36
• 50
.70
.66
.45
.57
.68
.60
\s
	 2
22
20
108
55
21
64
35
11
10
62
31
11
36
19
9
9
53
26
9
31
16
7
7
35
17
7
21
11
5
6
26
13
6
16
9
5
6
24
12
5
15
8
d for
Ambi
5 F
•98
.16
.01
• 98
• 75
.08
.78
• 57
• 96
.87
.15
.25
• 91
.38
.95
.84
.20
.44
.84
.52
.61
.02
.97
.48
.87
.36
• 73
.63
• 54
.82
.73
.60
.02
.77
.09
.26
.21
• 93
.74
.62
• 57
.50
E i ght Vehi cle Typ
ent Temperature
50 F
21.14
20.62
65-49
38.32
20.82
43-05
27-98
9.56
10.12
37.69
20.26
9-70
23.90
14.00
7-95
8.79
32.23
17.18
8.21
20.51
11.86
5-19
6.63
22.38
11.73
5-72
14.50
8.14
3.92
5-50
17-57
9-12
4.52
11.53
6.36
3-72
5-03
16.30
8.50
4.21
10.66
5.94
75
19.
21.
40.
27-
20.
30.
23-
8.
9-
20.
12.
8.
14.
10.
6.
7.
16.
10.
6.
12.
8.
3-
5.
11.
6.
4.
8.
5.
2.
4.
8.
4.
3.
6.
4.
2.
4.
7-
4.
3.
5.
3-
F
65
17
23
58
14
70
15
01
51
01
55
52
76
14
44
98
64
30
98
31
31
88
56
05
60
51
31
33
81
45
47
96
43
46
02
65
08
74
59
20
91
73
es

100 F
36.41
37-45
26.63
32.31
36.51
32.04
34.78
17-87
16.97
16.03
16.96
17.33
16.50
17-20
14.11
13.61
14.24
14.00
13.77
13.93
13.88
6.90
8.02
10.75
8.31
7-27
9.38
7.67
3.16
5.47
8.97
5-37
4.03
7-22
*».53
2.91
4.98
8.15
4.90
3.70
6.56
4.15
TABLE 1 .12:   CO AT 55.0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-16
                              TABLE  1.13
                              LOW  ALTITUDE




             NOx EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT   2.5  MPH
Cal.
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27-3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
Comt

0 F
6.48
8.12
7.10
6.83
7.40
7.61
7.13
4.18
5.78
5.35
4.72
4.94
5-56
4.82
3-82
5-42
5.08
4.40
4.57
5-25
4.46
2.83
4.37
4.24
3-45
3-51
4.30
3.46
2.38
3-83
3.81
3.00
3.01
3.82
2.98
2.20
3.60
3.73
2.87
2.81
3.66
2.81
si ned
@
25
5-
7-
6.
6.
6.
7-
6.
3.
5-
4.
4.
4.
5-
4.
3-
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
3-
2.
3-
3-
3.
3-
3-
3-
2.
3-
3-
2.
2.
3.
2.
1.
3-
3-
2.
2.
3-
2.
for Eight Vehicle Typ
Ambient Temperature
F
91
41
78
39
75
10
57
75
10
95
31
40
03
33
41
74
68
00
03
71
99
49
73
86
10
04
80
04
10
25
48
70
60
37
62
97
09
40
60
45
24
49
50
5-
6.
6.
6.
6.
6.
6.
3-
4.
4.
3-
3-
4.
3-
3-
4.
4.
3-
3-
4.
3-
2.
3-
3-
2.
2.
3-
2.
1.
2.
3-
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.
F
43
81
52
03
19
67
10
39
54
61
97
94
57
93
07
18
34
66
60
26
60
20
21
53
79
65
37
69
86
78
18
44
26
98
32
76
66
11
35
15
89
22
	 7J
^^^^^^•K
5.
6.
6.
5.
5.
6.
5-
3-
4.
4.
3-
3-
4.
3.
2.
3-
4.
3-
3-
3.
3.
1.
2.
3-
2.
2.
3-
2.
1,
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2.
V
1 F
02
29
32
73
72
30
70
09
08
32
67
57
20
59
79
72
04
37
23
88
27
96
78
23
53
33
01
39
66
39
92
21
98
65
06
59
31
85
15
90
58
99
es

100 F
4.35
5-15
5.51
5-00
4.80
5-33
4.87
2.87
3-63
3.88
3-35
3-23
3-75
3-26
2.65
3-39
3-70
3-14
3.00
3-54
3.04
1.97
2.66
3-09
2.47
2.27
2.88
2.34
1.74
2-39
2.89
2.24
2.02
2.64
2.10
1.66
2.31
2.83
2.17
1.94
2.57
2.02
                                                              4
TABLE 1.13:  NOx AT
MPH.

-------
                                  l-l?




                              TABLE  1.14




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




             NOx EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  5.0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
mso
•°

-------
                                 1-18
                              TABLE 1.15




                             LOW ALTITUDE




             NOx EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT 10.0 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
PCHC
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
0
0
50
50
27
0
100
c
0
50
50
27
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
• 3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.3
PCCC
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
Comt

0 F
5.1*0
6.86
5-96
5.71
6.21
6.1*1
5-97
3-47
4.85
4.1*6
3.91*
^ 13
4.65
4.02
3.16
4.52
k.22
3-61*
3-79
i*.37
3-70
2.33
3.62
3-51
2.86
2.91
3-57
2.86
1-95
3-17
3-15
2.48
2.1.8
3-16
2.146
l.8l
2.98
3-08
2.37
2.32
3.03
2.32
»ined for Eight Vehicle Typi
@ Ambient Temperature
25 F
i*.gi
6.26
5-69
5.31*
5.66
5.98
5-50
3-10
4.27
i*.13
3-59
3-67
4.20
3.61
2.81
3.9lt
3.88
3-31
3.31*
3-91
3-31
2.05
3.09
3.20
2.56
2-51
3-11*
2.51
1.72
2.69
2.87
2.23
2.11*
2.78
2.16
1.61
2-55
2.81
2.11*
2.02
2.68
2.05
50 F
4.51
5-75
5.1*8
5.04
5-19
5.61
5.10
2.80
3-80
3.81*
3-30
3-28
3.82
3-27
2.52
3.1*7
3-59
3.02
2.97
3-53
2.97
1.81
2.65
2.92
2.30
2.18
2.78
2.21
1-52
2.29
2.63
2.01
1.86
2.1*6
1.90
l.l*lt
2.20
2.57
l.gl*
1-77
2.38
1.82
75 F
4.16
5-30
5-31
4.79
4.79
5-31
4.77
2-54
3-40
3.60
3-05
2.96
3-50
2-98
2.28
3.08
3-34
2.78
2.66
3-21
2.69
1.60
2.29
2.67
2.08
1.91
2.1*8
1-97
1.35
1.97
2.40
1.82
1.62
2.19
1.69
1.29
1.90
2.35
1.76
1.56
2.13
1.63
as

100 F
3-56
4.27
4.55
4.11
3-96
4.41
4.01
2.34
2.99
3.20
2.75
2.66
3.10
2.68
2.15
2.78
3.04
2.56
2.45
2.91
2.1*8
1.60
2.19
2.55
2.02
1.86
2.37
1.92
1.42
1.97
2.38
1.84
1.65
2.18
1.72
1.36
1.90
2.33
1.78
1.59
2.12
1.66
TABLE
NOx AT 1C.C MPH.

-------
                                  1-19




                              TABLE  1.16




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




             NOx EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  19-6 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
Ro
o
o
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
• °
PO
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN PCHC PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
• 0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50,0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6

Comt
0 F
5
6
5
5
5
6
5
3
k
3
3
3
k
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
.11
.60
.58
.38
• 95
.09
.68
.06
.29
• 90
.46
.66
.10
• 55
.73
• 91
.63
.14
.29
.77
.20
• 95
.03
• 94
• 39
.44
.98
.40
.61
.61
.60
.04
.05
.60
.03
.49
.45
.54
.95
.91
.49
.91
lined for Eight Vehicl
@ Ambient Temperatu
25 F 50 F 7
4
6
5
5
5
5
5
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
3
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
.64
.01
.36
.04
.40
.68
.23
• 73
.79
.62
.16
.25
• 70
-19
.43
.42
.34
.86
• 90
.38
.86
.71
.58
.67
.14
.10
.63
.10
.42
.22
• 37
.83
-77
.29
.78
• 33
.10
• 31
.76
.66
.21
.69
4.23
5.49
5.18
4.76
4.94
5-34
4.84
2.46
3-37
3-38
2.90
2.91
3-38
2.89
2.18
3.02
3.10
2.61
2.58
3-06
2.58
1.51
2.22
2.44
1-93
1.83
2.33
1.85
1.25
1.89
2.16
1.65
1-53
2.02
1.57
1.19
1.81
2.11
1-59
1.46
1.96
1-50
3
5
5
4
4
5
4
2
3
3
2
2
3
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
e Types
5 F 100 F
.89 3.27
.05 4.oo
.05 4.29
•53 3-84
•54 3.69
.05 4.15
•51 3-73
.23 2.02
.02 2.62
.18 2.79
.69 2.40
.63 2.32
.10 2.70
.64 2.34
.97 1.84
.68 2.39
.89 2.60
.40 2.20
.31 2.10
•79 2.50
•34 2.13
.34
.92
.23
• 74
.60
.07
.65
.11
.62
.98
.49
• 33
.80
• 39
.06
.56
• 93
.45
.28
.75
.3^
.34
.83
>.12
.69
• 55
.97
.60
.17
.62
• 96
• 52
.36
• 79
.41
.12
.56
.92
.47
.31
.74
.36
TABLE 1.16:  NOx AT 19-b

-------
                                  1-20
                              TABLE  1.17
                              LOW  ALTITUDE
             NOx EMISSION  FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE)  AT  35.0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6



5
7
5
5
6
6
6
2
k
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
Com*

0 F
.1*6
.12
.87
• 72
.40
.49
.08
.92
.09
.67
.28
• 50
.88
.39
• 5*
.61
.31
.90
.05
.46
.97
.69
• 59
• 50
.06
.10
• 55
.06
.34
.14
.12
.68
.69
.13
.67
.24
.00
.06
.60
.57
.03
• 57
si ned
@
25
4.
6.
5-
5-
5-
6.
5-
2.
3-
3.
3-
3-
3-
3.
2.
3-
3-
2.
2.
3-
2.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
for Eight Vehicle Typ
Ambient Temperature
F
93
46
66
35
80
06
58
62
63
42
01
13
53
06
27
18
07
65
71
12
66
49
22
28
85
82
25
81
19
82
94
52
46
88
47
10
72
88
45
37
80
39
	 5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
3
3
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 F
.48
• 89
• 50
.06
.27
.69
• 15
.36
.25
.21
.78
.81
•23
.78
.04
.82
.85
• *3
.42
.84
.41
• 32
• 92
.09
.66
.59
.00
.61
.05
.56
.77
-37
.27
.67
.30
.99
.48
• 72
.31
.20
.60
.24
75 F
4.09
5-39
5-38
4.82
4.83
5-39
4.80
2.15
2.92
3-03
2.59
2.54
2.g8
2.55
1.85
2.52
2,67
2.24
2.18
2.60
2.19
1.18
1.67
1.91
1.51
1.40
1.79
1.44
0.94
.34
.63
.24
.11
.48
.16
0.89
1.29
1.58
1.19
1.06
1.43
1,11
es

100 F
3.40
4.22
4.57
4.06
3-88
4.40
3-93
1.92
2.49
2.64
2.27
2.21
2.56
2.22
1.69
2.21
2.38
2.02
1.95
2.29
1-97
.16
• -57
.80
.45
• 35
.69
-38
0.98
• 3*
.61
.26
.14
.48
.18
0.93
1.29
1-57
1.21
1.09
1.43
1.13
TABLE 1.17:  NOx AT 35-0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-21




                              TABLE  1.18




                             LOW  ALTITUDE




             NOx EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT 55-0  MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
•ftP
m
TOO
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
20 10
m°
P
zbio
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27-3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6



6
8
7
7
7
7
7
3
4
4
3
4
4
4
2
4
3
3
3
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2


;:








Comt

0 F
• 71
.68
.27
.Ok
.83
.97
.1*6
.49
• 79
• 33
• 90
.14
• 56
.01
.96
.12
• 79
-36
• 52
.95
.43
.82
.68
.58
.16
.21
.63
.17
• 34
• 05
.02
.64
• 65
.03
.63
.22
.87
• 93
• 53
.51
• 90
• 51
jined for Eight Vehicle Typ
@ Ambient Temperature
	 2
6
7
6
6
7
7
6
3
4
4
3
3
4
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5 F
.07
.89
• 99
.60
.10
.44
.86
.15
.29
.04
.59
.72
.17
.65
-67
.66
.52
.08
.16
• 59
.10
.62
.32
.36
.96
.94
.35
• 93
.20
-76
.85
.49
.45
.81
.45
.11
.63
• 77
.40
• 34
• 70
.35
50
5.
7.
6.
6.
6.
7.
6.
2.
3-
3-
3-
3-
3.
3.
2.
3-
3.
2.
2.
3-
2.
1.
2.
2.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
F
54
22
78
24
48
00
35
86
86
80
33
37
83
33
42
28
28
84
85
28
83
45
03
17
78
72
10
73
08
53
71
36
28
62
30
01
43
64
28
19
53
22
75 F
5-08
6.63
6.63
5-95
5-95
6.63
5.92
2.62
3-51
3-60
3-H
3.07
3-55
3.07
2.22
2.96
3-09
2.64
2.59
3.02
2-59
.31
.79
2.00
.63
1-53
.90
1.56
0.98
1.34
1.58
1.25
1.14
.46
1.17
0.92
.26
.51
.18
.07
.39
1.11
es

100 F
4.24
5.23
5-63
5-03
4.81
5-43
4.88
2-33
2.98
3-11
2.72
2.66
3-04
2.67
2.02
2.58
2.72
2.36
2.30
2.65
2.31
1.27
1.68
.87
• 55
.46
.77
.48
.02
.33
• 57
.26
.15
.45
1.19
0.96
.26
.51
.20
.09
• 38
.13
TABLE 1 .16:  NOx AT 55.0 MPH.

-------
                                 1-22
                              TABLE 1.19




                            HIGH ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  2.5 MPH
Cai .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0 •
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6


0
32.
30.
246.
119.
31.
138.
67-
20.
21.
233.
101.
20.
127.
53-
17.
19.
219.
9*.
18.
119.
49.
12.
16.
175-
73.
14.
96.
38.
9.
13.
130.
51*.
10.
71.
28.
8.
11.
94.
41.
10.
53.
22.
Con

F
09
29
68
73
21
48
^5
21
45
88
68
55
67
62
72
81
88
02
40
84
20
85
30
81
66
10
06
31
47
30
39
68
90
8k
67
88
94
44
29
03
19
72
ib i nei
• @
	 2,
28
29
141
74
29
85
47
17
19
117
55
17
68
33
14
17
108
50
15
63
29
10
14
85
38
11
49
22
7
11
64
29
9
38
17
7
10
50
23
8
30
14
d for
Ambi
5 F
• 79
.89
.35
• 71
.09
.62
.73
• 03
.80
• 35
.39
• 99
• 57
.19
.77
-93
-51
.25
.89
.22
.84
• 51
.15
.82
.66
.85
.98
.70
.77
.25
.93
.17
.07
.09
.20
.29
.13
.67
.72
.36
.40
• 57
Eight Vehicle Typ
ent Temperature
	 £0
26.
29-
81.
48.
27-
55.
35.
14.
18.
59.
31.
15-
39-
22.
12.
16.
54-
28.
13.
35-
19-
8.
12.
42.
21.
9.
27-
14.
6.
9.
32.
16.
7.
21.
11.
6.
8.
27-
14.
6.
17-
9-
_F
02
59
37
53
34
48
94
44
42
93
85
89
17
32
39
36
46
33
83
41
67
62
33
49
29
99
41
52
39
54
74
27
56
14
05
00
61
33
08
98
97
83
75 F
23-70
29-39
47-17
33.13
25.89
38.28
28.74
12.34
17-27
31.19
19.52
14.17
24.23
16.26
10.45
15.05
27-85
17-03
12.15
21.45
14.05
7.09
10.80
21.38
12.44
8.46
16.09
10.01
5-27
8.10
16.76
9-58
6.32
12.43
7.60
4.95
7-33
14.86
8.71
5.85
11.10
6.97
es

100 F
30.19
40.90
35-21
32.16
34.39
38.06
33.26
17.76
24.73
26.35
20.91
20.38
25-54
20.46
14.87
20.87
24.22
18.30
17-11
22.54
17.48
9.29
13-19
19.82
13.19
10.73
16.51
11.66
5-72
8.23
16.44
9.74
6.66
12.33
7-87
5-38
7.43
14.57
8.86
6.15
11.00
7.21
TABLE 1.19: NMHC AT  2.5 MPH.

-------
                                  1-23



                              TABLE 1.20




                            HIGH  ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  5-0 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
to
0
0
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
«0
o
o
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6


0
19.
18.
145-
71.
19.
82.
40.
11.
11.
122.
53-
11.
67-
28.
9-
10.
113.
48.
9-
61.
25.
6.
8.
88.
37.
7.
48.
19.
4.
6.
65.
27-
5.
35-
14.
4.
6.
47.
20.
5-
26.
11.
Com

F
5^
48
79
34
02
13
45
21
70
50
83
32
10
66
63
57
20
84
92
89
78
75
44
32
21
36
38
50
95
86
12
46
66
99
51
68
20
46
89
25
83
60
bined for
@ Ambi
25 F
17-65
18.24
83-87
44.79
17.81
51.05
28.83
9-52
10.86
62.05
29-70
9.98
36.46
18.00
8.09
9-63
56-32
26.40
8.62
32.98
15.85
5-55
7.35
43.31
19.68
6.21
25-33
11.66
4.09
5.82
32.55
14.75
4.73
19.19
8.78
3.86
5.28
25-57
12.09
4.40
15.42
7-50
E ight Vehi cle Typ
ent Temperature
50
16.
18.
48.
29-
16.
33-
21 .
8.
10.
32.
17.
8.
21.
12.
6.
8.
28.
15-
7-
18.
10.
4.
6.
21.
10.
5-
14.
7-
3.
4.
16.
8.
3.
10.
5-
3-
4.
13.
7.
3.
9.
5.
F
05
07
54
32
80
31
88
15
17
04
34
88
11
29
84
84
56
09
56
70
60
58
43
59
95
26
01
54
38
95
52
31
97
74
71
20
51
88
25
69
19
12
75 F
14.70
17-96
28.35
20.21
15-96
23.16
17.64
7-03
9.59
16.91
10.81
7.98
13.25
9.09
5-83
8.18
14.80
9-22
6.70
11.49
7.68
3.79
5.65
10.98
6.48
4.48
8.32
5.26
2.81
4.22
8.55
4.97
3.34
6.39
3-98
2.67
3-86
7.64
4.55
3.11
5.74
3.68
es

100
18.
24.
21.
19.
20.
22.
20.
9-
13-
14.
11.
11 .
13-
11.
8.
11.
12.
9.
9-
12.
9-
4.
6.
10.
6.
5.
8.
6.
3.
4.
8.
5-
3.
6.
4.
2.
3-
7.
4.
3.
5-
3-


F
32
53
34
51
76
94
13
93
65
26
52
33
95
33
17
32
84
88
35
08
50
94
91
17
87
67
54
12
04
30
40
05
51
35
11
88
91
49
62
27
70
80
TABLf
.20:  NMHC AT  5.0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-24
                              TABLE  1.21
                            HIGH ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  10.0 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50,0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27.
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27.
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27-
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27.
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27-
0.
100.
0.
0.
50.
50.
27.
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
PCCC
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
0
0
100
50
0
50
20
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0
.6
Com

0 F
10.84
10.27
78.71
38. 7k
10.56
44.49
22.10
5-98
6.18
62.32
27.61
6.01
34.25
14.82
5.08
5.52
57.03
24.79
5.21
31.28
13.19
3.51
4.34
43.85
18.58
3.81
24.09
9.81
2.58
3-53
32.30
13.70
2.94
17-91
7-31
2.46
3-22
23-79
10.54
2.75
13.51
5-91
bined for
@ Ambi
25 F
9. .83
10.14
45-43
24.45
9-91
27-78
15.85
5.11
5-76
31.80
15-39
5-32
18.78
9.42
4.30
5.05
28.57
13-53
4.56
16.81
8.20
2.90
3-79
21.61
9-90
3-22
12.70
5-93
2.15
3.01
16.23
7.43
2.47
9-62
4.47
2.05
2.76
12.87
6.15
2.31
7.81
3.86
Eight Vehicle Typ>
ent Temperature
50 F
8.97
10.04
26.42
16.11
9.37
18.23
12.11
4.40
5-41
16.57
9.09
4.77
10.99
6.51
3.66
4.65
14.62
7-83
4.02
9-63
5-55
2.41
3-33
10.85
5-57
2-75
7-09
3.88
1.79
2.57
8.30
4.24
2.08
5.44
2.94
1.71
2.36
7.05
3.73
1.96
4.70
2.67
75
8.
9-
15-
11 .
8.
12.
9-
3-
5-
8.
5-
4.
6.
4.
3.
4.
7.
4.
3-
6.
4.
2.
2.
5-
3-
2.
4.
2.
1.
2.
4.
2.
1.
3-
2.
1.
2.
3-
2.
1.
2.
1.
F
25
98
55
20
92
77
82
82
12
86
75
31
99
87
14
32
67
86
58
00
08
01
94
59
35
35
26
74
50
20
36
57
77
28
08
44
03
93
38
66
98
94
es

100 F
10.15
13-47
11.80
10.80
11.46
12.64
11.12
5-32
7.23
7-47
6.11
6.04
7-35
6.03
4.35
5-95
6.65
5-19
4.94
6.30
5.01
2.60
3-58
5-17
3-55
2.96
4.38
3.18
1.62
2.24
4.28
2.62
1.85
3-26
2.15
1-55
2.07
3.85
2.42
1.74
2.96
2.01
TABLE 1 .21: NMHC AT 10.0 MPH.

-------
                                  1-25



                              TABLE  1.22




                            HIGH  ALTITUDE




        EXHAUST NMHC EMISSION FACTORS  (GRAMS/MILE) AT  19.6 MPH
Cal .
Year
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1980
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
1988
^W
1990
1990
1990
1990
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2010
2010
2010
2010
2010
Cold/Hot Start
VMT Percentages
PCCN
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
PCHC
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
0.0
100.0
0.0
0.0
50.0
50.0
27.3
PCCC
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6
0.0
0.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
50.0
20.6


0
6.
6.
46.
22.
6.
26.
13.
3-
3.
32.
14.