CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
     Audience:  This fact sheet is for federal facility managers responsible for meeting the
               requirements of the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
               stormwater program.

     Purpose:   This fact sheet outlines the requirements for obtaining permit coverage for
               stormwater discharges from federal facility construction projects and to clarify
               the roles of federal facility managers as co-permittees on construction projects.

Permit coverage must be obtained for stormwater discharges from construction activities which
disturb one acre or more of land and for smaller projects that are part of a larger, common plan.


A federal facility is any building,  installation, land, etc. owned or leased by the federal

Most states are authorized to implement the NPDES stormwater program, however, there are a
number of states and territories where EPA is the permitting authority for federal facilities,
including: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Idaho, New Mexico, Alaska, Colorado, Washington,
Delaware, Vermont, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and many of the territories.  For a
complete list, see or Appendix B of EPA's Construction
General Permit. EPA's Construction General Permit is an "umbrella permit"  covering many
areas. Applicants must apply for  coverage under this permit by submitting a Notice of Intent
(NOI) form.  This form can be submitted electronically by using EPA's new online systems
available at


Operators must apply for coverage under EPA's Construction General Permit.  EPA defines
operators as either the entity that has operational control over either the construction plans and
specifications, including the ability to make modifications to those plans and specifications (e.g.,
owner or developer of project), or the entity that has day-to-day operational control of those
activities at a project which are necessary to ensure compliance with a stormwater pollution
prevention plan (e.g., general contractor). There may be several entities that meet the definition
of operator for  a given construction  project and each should obtain permit coverage.
Construction activities on federal  facilities are often performed through a contract.  If the federal
agency and the contractor share responsibility for the plans and specifications  or day-to-day
operations of the site then both would need to apply for permit coverage. In this scenario, both

operators would be issued a separate permit number. Therefore it is recommended that the same
site name be used in both permit applications.  This enables the permitting authority to more
effectively associate each of the permits at a construction site.  Often times, a federal agency
(e.g., General Services Administration or the Army Corps of Engineers) will be considered to be
an operator at a federal facility where they are not the primary tenant. Where this is true, the
federal agency with operational control over construction plans and specifications, including the
ability to make modifications to those plans and specifications  (e.g., GSA or the Corps), must
obtain permit coverage.


EPA requires that a company officer or high ranking official sign and certify the Notice of Intent
Form. For a federal agency, the certifying official  is a principal executive officer or ranking
elected official. A principal executive officer of a federal agency includes (i) the chief executive
officer of the agency, or (ii) a senior executive officer having responsibility for the overall
operations of a principal geographic unit of the agency (e.g., Regional Administrator of the Fish
and Wildlife Service). For NOIs submitted electronically, the online application form can be
completed and saved as a draft before being "signed" by the certifying official.


Both parties are responsible for permit compliance. In the event of an inspection, the activities
of all operators would be considered.  The pollution prevention plan should clearly indicate how
responsibilities are divided. .


    S Provide contractors with any relevant information related to historical, cultural, or
      biological resources which may be affected by the project.

              A federal facility operator may have intimate knowledge of specific reports or
              guidance that outlines critical resources that need to be protected a site.  Examples
              of these may include biological assessments for endangered species, plans for
              protecting historic properties, delineations of underground sources of drinking
              water which could be impacted by surface water impoundments, wetland
              delineations, and requirements set forth in a TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load)
              implementation plan. Communicating this information with contractors prior to
              approving a pollution prevention plan will help  ensure that critical resources are
              not negatively impacted by the project.
       Include stormwater provisions in federal contracts for construction

              Whenever possible, contracts for work on Federal land should include
              requirements for the management of stormwater. At a minimum, such language

               should include provisions that ensure that the contractor obtains permit coverage
               for their stormwater discharges, complies with the terms of the SWPPP, and
               inspects the site on a regular basis. Including language about permit compliance
               directly into bids for construction activities helps assure that contractors
               understand their role in preventing pollution in stormwater runoff.

       Update the SWPPP as neeeded

               A pollution prevention plan is a living document that should be updated as a
               project progresses.  Often times, only the project owner has the ability to update
               the SWPPP.  Therefore, the site owner needs to make sure that the SWPPP is
               sufficient to cover each of the activities being performed at a given site.

       Train staff to recognize problems at construction sites

               If there are personnel at a facility who regularly  drive by a site or have other
               duties within that site, train them to recognize problem areas for compliance with
               a stormwater permit.  Are silt fences trenched and keyed properly?  Is there
               evidence of tracking large amounts of sediment off site?  Is there a designated
               area for concrete truck washout? Are there any oil sheens present at the site? Are
               stormwater inlets adequately protected?  Answering a few simple questions can
               go a long way in ensuring permit compliance and effective protection of adjacent
               streams and lakes.

       Maintain effective communication with contractors

               It is important to keep regular communication with contractors. If there is a
               problem with the way a site is being managed, the site owner should have a list of
               contacts with whom they can communicate their concerns with.
                           FOR MORE INFORMATION...

     EPA's NPDES Web Site:               Construction Industry Compliance
                                             Assistance Center:

     http ://www. epa. gov/npdes     

Notice: The statements in this document are intended solely as guidance to aid regulated entities in complying with the Clean Water
Act's stormwater requirements. The guidance is not a substitute for reading the Clean Water Act and its implementing regulations
and understanding all its requirements as they apply to your facility. This guidance does not constitute rulemaking by the EPA and
may not be relied on to create a substantive or procedural right or benefit enforceable, at law or in equity, by any person. EPA may
decide to update this guide without public notice to reflect changes in EPA's approach to implementing the Clean Water Act. This
document reflects information available in EPA's NPDES General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Large and Small
Construction Activities.