Chesapeake Bay Program
 A Watershed Partnership
                        CHESAPEAKE  2000
    The Chesapeake Bay is North America's largest and most biologically diverse estuary, home to more
than 3,600 species of plants, fish and animals. For more than 300 years, the Bay and its tributaries have
sustained the regions economy and defined its traditions and culture. It is a resource of extraordinary
productivity, worthy of the highest levels of protection and restoration.
    Accordingly, in  1983 and 1987,  the states of Virginia, Maryland,  Pennsylvania, the District of
Columbia, the Chesapeake Bay Commission and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, repre-
senting the  federal  government, signed historic agreements that established the  Chesapeake Bay
Program partnership to protect and restore the Chesapeake Bay's ecosystem.
    For almost two decades, we, the signatories to these agreements, have worked together as stewards
to ensure the public's right to clean water and a healthy and productive resource. We have sought to
protect the health of the public that uses the Bay and consumes its bounty. The initiatives we have pur-
sued have been deliberate and have produced significant results in the health and productivity of the
Bay's  main  stem, the tributaries, and the natural land and water ecosystems that compose  the
Chesapeake Bay watershed.
    While the individual and collective  accomplishments of our efforts have been significant, even
greater effort will be required to address the enormous challenges that lie ahead. Increased population
and development within the watershed have created ever-greater challenges for us in the Bay's restora-
tion. These challenges are further complicated by the dynamic nature of the Bay and the ever-changing
global ecosystem with which it interacts.
    In order to achieve our existing goals and meet the challenges that lie ahead, we must reaffirm  our
partnership and recommit to fulfilling the public responsibility we undertook almost two decades ago.
We must manage for the future. We must have a vision for our desired destiny and put programs into
place that will secure it.
    To do this, there can be no greater goal in this recommitment than to engage everyone — individ-
uals, businesses, schools and universities, communities and governments — in our effort. We must
encourage all citizens of the Chesapeake Bay watershed to work toward a shared vision — a system with
abundant, diverse populations of living resources, fed by healthy streams and rivers, sustaining strong
local and regional economies, and our unique quality of life.
    In affirming our recommitment through this new Chesapeake 2000, we recognize the importance of
viewing this document in its entirety with no single part taken in isolation of the others. This Agreement
reflects the Bay's complexity in that each action we take, like the elements of the Bay itself, is connected
to all the others. This Agreement responds to the problems facing this magnificent ecosystem in a com-
prehensive, multifaceted way.

      C/c)Y THIS AGREEMENT, we commit ourselves to nurture and sustain a Chesapeake Bay
Watershed Partnership and to achieve the goals set forth in the subsequent sections. Without such a
partnership, future challenges will not be met. With it, the restoration and protection of the Chesapeake
Bay will be ensured  for generations to come.

          E COMMIT TO:

    The health and vitality of the Chesapeake Bay's living resources provide the ultimate indicator of our
    success in the restoration and protection effort. The Bay's fisheries and the other living resources
that sustain them and  provide habitat for them  are central to the initiatives we undertake in this
We recognize the interconnectedness of the Bay's living resources and the importance of protecting the
entire natural  system.  Therefore,  we  commit to  identify the essential elements of habitat and en-
vironmental quality necessary to support the living resources of the Bay. In protecting commercially
valuable species, we will manage harvest levels with precaution to maintain their health and stability
and protect the ecosystem as a whole. We will restore passage for migratory fish and work to ensure that
suitable water quality conditions exist in the upstream spawning habitats upon which they depend.
Our actions must be conducted in an  integrated and coordinated manner.  They must be continually
monitored, evaluated and revised to adjust to the dynamic nature and complexities of the  Chesapeake
Bay and changes in global ecosystems.  To advance this ecosystem approach, we will broaden our man-
agement perspective from single-system to ecosystem functions and will expand our protection efforts
by shifting from  single-species to multi-species management. We will also undertake efforts to deter-
mine how future conditions and changes in the chemical, physical and biological attributes of the Bay
will affect living resources over time.

                  Restore, enhance and protect the finfish, shellfish and other
                  living resources, their habitats and ecological relationships to
                   sustain all fisheries and provide  for a balanced ecosystem.

* By 2010, achieve, at  a minimum, a tenfold increase in native oysters in the Chesapeake Bay, based
  upon a 1994 baseline. By 2002,  develop and implement a strategy to achieve this  increase by  using
  sanctuaries sufficient in size and distribution, aquaculture, continued disease research and disease-
  resistant management strategies, and other management approaches.

Exotic Species
* In 2000, establish a Chesapeake Bay Program Task Force to:
     1. Work cooperatively with the U.S. Coast Guard, the ports, the shipping industry, environmental
        interests and others at the national level  to help establish and implement a national program
        designed to substantially reduce and, where possible, eliminate the introduction of non-native
        species  carried in ballast water; and
     2. By 2002, develop and implement an interim voluntary ballast water management  program for
        the waters of the Bay and its tributaries.
                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000

+ By 2001, identify and rank non-native, invasive aquatic and terrestrial species which are causing or
  have the potential to cause significant negative impacts  to the Bay's aquatic ecosystem. By 2003,
  develop and implement management plans for those species deemed problematic to the restoration
  and integrity of the Bay's ecosystem.

Fish Passage and Migratory and Resident Fish
+ By June 2002, identify the final initiatives necessary to achieve our existing goal of restoring fish pas-
  sage for migratory fish to more than 1,357 miles of currently blocked river habitat by 2003 and estab-
  lish a monitoring program to assess outcomes.
* By 2002, set a new goal with implementation schedules for additional migratory and resident fish pas-
  sages that addresses the removal of physical blockages. In addition, the goal will address the removal
  of chemical blockages caused by acid mine drainage. Projects should be selected for maximum habi-
  tat and stock benefit.
* By 2002, assess trends in populations for priority migratory fish species. Determine tributary-specific
  target  population sizes based upon projected fish passage, and current and projected habitat avail-
  able, and provide recommendations to achieve those targets.
* By 2003, revise  fish  management plans to include strategies to achieve target population  sizes of
  tributary-specific migratory fish.

Multi-species Management
* By 2004, assess the effects of different population levels of filter feeders such as  menhaden, oysters
  and clams on Bay water quality and habitat.
* By 2005, develop ecosystem-based multi-species management plans for targeted species.
* By 2007, revise and implement existing fisheries management plans to incorporate ecological, social
  and economic considerations, multi-species fisheries management and ecosystem approaches.

+ By 2001, establish harvest targets for the blue crab fishery and begin implementing complementary
  state fisheries management strategies Baywide. Manage  the blue crab fishery to restore a healthy
  spawning biomass, size and age structure.

   The Chesapeake Bay's natural infrastructure is an intricate system of terrestrial and aquatic habitats,
   linked to the landscapes and the environmental quality of the watershed. It is composed of the thou-
sands of miles of river and stream habitat that interconnect the land, water, living resources and human
communities of the Bay watershed. These vital habitats-including open water, underwater  grasses,
marshes, wetlands, streams and forests-support living resource abundance by providing key food and
habitat for a variety of species. Submerged aquatic vegetation reduces shoreline  erosion while forests
and wetlands protect water quality by naturally processing the pollutants before  they enter the water.
Long-term protection of this natural infrastructure is essential.
                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000

In managing the Bay ecosystem as a whole, we recognize the need to focus on the individuality of each
river, stream and creek, and to secure their protection in concert with the communities and individuals
that reside within these small watersheds. We also recognize that we must continue to refine and share
information regarding the importance of these vital habitats to the Bay's fish, shellfish and waterfowl.
Our efforts to preserve the integrity of this natural infrastructure will protect the Bay's waters and liv-
ing resources and will ensure the viability of human economies and communities that are dependent
upon those resources for sustenance, reverence and posterity.

          Preserve, protect and restore  those habitats and natural areas that are vital to
            the survival and diversity of the living resources of the Bay and its rivers.

Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
*  Recommit to the existing goal of protecting and restoring 114,000 acres of submerged aquatic vege-
   tation (SAV).
*  By 2002, revise  SAV restoration goals and strategies to reflect historic abundance, measured as
   acreage and density from the 1930s to  the present. The revised goals will include specific levels of
   water clarity which are to be met in 2010. Strategies to achieve these goals will address water clarity,
   water quality and bottom disturbance.
*  By 2002, implement a strategy to accelerate protection and restoration of SAV beds in areas of criti-
   cal importance to the Bay's living resources.

*  By 2010, work with local governments, community groups and watershed organizations to develop
   and implement locally supported watershed management plans in two-thirds of the Bay watershed
   covered by this Agreement. These plans would address the protection, conservation and restoration
   of stream corridors, riparian forest buffers and wetlands for the purposes of improving habitat and
   water quality, with collateral benefits for optimizing stream flow and water supply.
*  By 2001, each jurisdiction will develop guidelines to ensure  the aquatic health of stream corridors.
   Guidelines should consider optimal surface and groundwater flows.
+  By 2002, each jurisdiction will work  with local governments  and communities that have watershed
   management plans to select pilot projects that promote stream corridor protection and restoration.
*  By 2003, include in the "State of the Bay Report," and make available to the public, local govern-
   ments and others, information concerning the  aquatic health of stream corridors based on adopted
   regional guidelines.
*  By 2004,  each jurisdiction, working with local governments, community groups  and watershed
   organizations, will develop stream corridor restoration goals based on local watershed management
                                     CHESAPEAKE  2000

* Achieve  a no-net loss of existing wetlands acreage and function in the  signatories' regulatory
* By 2010, achieve a net resource gain by restoring 25,000 acres of tidal and non-tidal wetlands. To do
  this, we commit to achieve and maintain an average restoration rate of 2,500 acres per year basin wide
  by 2005 and beyond. We will evaluate our success in 2005.
+ Provide information and assistance to local governments and community groups for the development
  and  implementation of wetlands preservation plans as a component of a locally based integrated
  watershed management plan.  Establish a goal of implementing the wetlands plan component in 25
  percent of the land area of each state's Bay watershed by 2010. The plans would preserve key wet-
  lands while addressing surrounding land use so as to preserve wetland functions.
* Evaluate the potential impact of climate change on the Chesapeake Bay watershed, particularly with
  respect to its wetlands, and consider potential management options.

* By 2002, ensure that measures are in place to meet our riparian forest buffer restoration goal of 2,010
  miles by 2010. By 2003, establish a new goal to  expand buffer mileage.
* Conserve existing forests along all streams and shorelines.
+ Promote the expansion and connection of contiguous forests through conservation easements, green-
  ways, purchase and other land conservation  mechanisms.

  Improving water quality is the most critical element in the overall protection and restoration of the
  Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. In 1987, we committed to achieving a 40 percent reduction in
controllable nutrient loads to the Bay. In 1992, we committed to tributary-specific reduction strategies
to achieve this reduction and agreed to stay at or below these  nutrient loads once attained. We have
made measurable reductions in pollution loading despite continuing growth and development. Still, we
must do more.
Recent actions taken under the Clean Water Act resulted in listing portions of the Chesapeake Bay and
its tidal rivers as "impaired waters." These actions have emphasized the regulatory framework of the Act
along with the ongoing cooperative efforts of the Chesapeake Bay Program as the means to address the
nutrient enrichment problems within the Bay and its rivers. In response, we have developed, and are
implementing, a process for integrating the  cooperative and statutory programs of the Chesapeake Bay
and its tributaries. We have agreed to the goal of improving water quality in the Bay and its tributaries
so that these waters may be removed from  the impaired waters list prior to the time when regulatory
mechanisms under Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act would be applied.
We  commit to achieve and maintain water quality conditions  necessary to support living resources
throughout the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. Where we have failed to achieve established water quality
goals, we will take actions necessary to reach and  maintain those goals. We will make pollution preven-
tion a central theme in the protection of water quality. And we will take actions that protect freshwater
flow regimes for riverine and estuarine habitats. In pursuing the restoration of vital habitats throughout
                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000

the watershed, we will continue efforts to improve water clarity in order to meet light requirements
necessary to support SAV We will expand our efforts to reduce sediments and airborne pollution, and
ensure that the Bay is free from toxic effects on living resources and human health. We will continue
our cooperative intergovernmental approach to achieve and maintain water quality goals through cost-
effective and equitable means within the framework of federal and state law. We will evaluate the poten-
tial impacts of emerging issues, including, among others, airborne ammonia and nonpoint sources of
chemical contaminants. Finally, we will continue to monitor water quality conditions and adjust our
strategies accordingly.

            Achieve and maintain the water quality necessary to support  the aquatic
           living resources of the Bay and its tributaries and to protect human health.

Nutrients and Sediments
*  Continue efforts to achieve and maintain the 40 percent nutrient reduction goal agreed to in 1987, as
   well as the goals being adopted  for the tributaries south of the Potomac River.
*  By 2010, correct the nutrient- and sediment-related problems in the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal
   tributaries  sufficiently  to remove the Bay and the tidal portions of its tributaries from the list of
   impaired waters under the Clean Water Act. In order to achieve this:

      1. By 2001, define the water quality conditions necessary to protect aquatic living resources and
        then assign load reductions for nitrogen and phosphorus to each major tributary;

      2. Using a process parallel to that established for nutrients, determine  the sediment load reduc-
        tions necessary to achieve the water quality conditions that protect aquatic living resources,
        and assign load reductions for sediment to each major tributary by 2001;

      3. By 2002, complete a public process to develop and begin implementation of revised Tributary
        Strategies to achieve and maintain the assigned loading goals;

      4. By 2003, the jurisdictions with tidal waters will use their best efforts to adopt new or revised
        water quality standards consistent with the defined water quality conditions. Once adopted by
        the jurisdictions, the Environmental Protection Agency will work expeditiously to review the
        new or revised standards, which will then be  used as the basis for removing the Bay and its
        tidal rivers from the list of impaired waters; and

      5. By 2003, work with the Susquehanna River Basin Commission and others to  adopt and begin
        implementing strategies  that prevent the loss of the sediment retention  capabilities of the
        lower Susquehanna River dams.
                                    CHESAPEAKE  2000

Chemical Contaminants

+ We commit to fulfilling the 1994 goal of a Chesapeake Bay free of toxics by reducing or eliminating
  the input of chemical contaminants from all controllable sources to levels that result in no toxic or
  bioaccumulative impact on the living resources that inhabit the Bay or on human health.
* By Fall  of 2000,  reevaluate and  revise,  as  necessary, the "Chesapeake Bay Basinwide Toxics
  Reduction and Prevention Strategy" focusing on:

      1. Complementing state and federal regulatory programs to go beyond traditional point source
        controls,  including  nonpoint  sources  such  as  groundwater discharge and  atmospheric
        deposition, by using a watershed-based approach; and

      2. Understanding the effects and impacts of chemical contaminants to increase the effectiveness
        of management actions.
* Through continual improvement of pollution prevention measures and other voluntary means, strive
  for zero release of chemical contaminants from  point sources,  including air sources. Particular
  emphasis shall be placed on achieving, by 2010, elimination of mixing zones for persistent or bioac-
  cumulative toxics.
* Reduce the potential risk of pesticides to the Bay by targeting education, outreach and implementa-
  tion of Integrated Pest Management and specific  Best  Management Practices on those lands that
  have higher potential for contributing pesticide loads to  the Bay.

Priority Urban Waters

* Support the restoration of the Anacostia River, Baltimore Harbor, and Elizabeth River and their
  watersheds as models for urban river restoration in the Bay basin.
* By 2010, the  District of Columbia,  working with its watershed partners, will reduce pollution loads
  to the Anacostia River in order to eliminate public health concerns and achieve the living resource,
  water quality and habitat goals of this and past Agreements.

Air Pollution

* By 2003, assess the effects of airborne nitrogen compounds and chemical contaminants on the Bay
  ecosystem and help establish reduction goals for these contaminants.

 Boat Discharge

* By 2003, establish appropriate areas within the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries as "no discharge
  zones" for human waste from boats. By 2010,  expand by 50 percent the number and availability of
  waste pump-out facilities.
* By 2006, reassess our progress in reducing the impact of boat waste on the Bay and its tributaries.
  This assessment will include evaluating the benefits of further expanding no discharge zones, as well
  as increasing the number of pump-out facilities.
                                    CHESAPEAKE  2000
                                           - 7-

                                 SOUND  LAND  USE

  In 1987, the signatories agreed that "there is a clear correlation between population growth and asso-
  ciated development and environmental degradation in the Chesapeake Bay system." This Agreement
reaffirms that concept and recognizes that more must be done.
An additional three million people are expected to settle in the watershed by 2020. This growth could
potentially eclipse  the nutrient reduction and habitat protection gains of the past. Therefore it is criti-
cal that we consider our approaches to land use in order to ensure progress in protecting the Bay and
its local watersheds.
Enhancing, or even maintaining, the  quality  of the Bay while accommodating growth will frequently
involve difficult choices. It will require a renewed commitment to appropriate development standards.
The signatories will assert the full measure of their authority to limit and mitigate the potential adverse
effects of continued growth; each however, will pursue this objective within the framework of its own
historic, existing or future land use practices or processes.  Local jurisdictions have been delegated
authority over many decisions regarding growth and development which have both direct and indirect
effects on the  Chesapeake Bay system and its living resources. The role of local governments in the
Bay's restoration and protection effort will be given proper recognition and support through state and
federal resources. States will  also engage in active partnerships with local governments in managing
growth and development in ways that support the following goal.
We acknowledge that future development will be sustainable only if we protect our natural and rural
resource land, limit impervious surfaces and concentrate new growth in existing population centers or
suitable areas served by appropriate infrastructure. We will work to integrate environmental, commu-
nity and economic goals by promoting more environmentally sensitive forms of development. We will
also strive to coordinate land-use, transportation, water and sewer and other infrastructure planning so
that funding and policies at all levels of government do not contribute to poorly planned growth and
development or degrade local water quality and habitat. We will advance these policies by creating part-
nerships with local governments to protect our communities and to discharge our duties as trustees in
the stewardship of the Chesapeake Bay. Finally, we will report every two years  on our progress in
achieving our commitments to promote sound land use.

                    Develop, promote and achieve sound land use  practices
               which protect and restore watershed resources and water quality,
               maintain reduced pollutant  loadings for the Bay and its tributaries,
                       and  restore  and preserve aquatic living resources.

Land Conservation

+ By 2001, complete an assessment of the Bay's resource lands including forests and farms, emphasiz-
  ing their role in the protection of water quality and critical habitats, as well as cultural and economic
+ Provide financial assistance or new revenue sources to expand the use of voluntary and market-based
  mechanisms such as easements, purchase or transfer of development rights and other approaches to
  protect and preserve natural resource lands.
* Strengthen programs for land acquisition and preservation within each state that are supported by
  funding and target the most valued lands for protection. Permanently preserve from development 20
  percent of the land area in the watershed by 2010.

                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000

+ Provide technical and financial assistance to local governments to plan for or revise plans, ordinances
  and subdivision regulations to provide for the conservation and sustainable use of the forest and agri-
  cultural lands.
+ In cooperation with local governments, develop and maintain in each jurisdiction a strong GIS system
  to track the preservation of resource lands and support the implementation of sound land use practices.

Development, Redevelopment and Revitalization

* By  2012,  reduce the rate of harmful  sprawl  development of forest and agricultural  land in the
  Chesapeake Bay watershed by 30 percent measured as an average over five years  from the baseline
  of 1992-1997, with measures and progress reported regularly to the Chesapeake Executive  Council.
* By  2005, in cooperation with local government, identify and remove state and local impediments to
  low impact development designs to encourage  the use of such approaches and minimize water qual-
  ity  impacts.
* Work with communities and  local governments to encourage sound land use planning and practices
  that address the impacts of growth, development and transportation on the watershed.
* By  2002, review tax policies to identify elements which discourage sustainable development prac-
  tices or encourage undesirable growth patterns. Promote the modification of such policies and the
  creation of tax incentives which promote the conservation of resource lands and encourage invest-
  ments consistent with sound growth management principles.
+ The jurisdictions will promote redevelopment and remove barriers to investment in underutilized
  urban, suburban and rural communities by working with localities and  development interests.
+ By  2002,  develop  analytical  tools that will  allow local governments and communities to conduct
  watershed-based assessment of the impacts of growth, development and transportation decisions.
* By  2002, compile information and guidelines to assist local governments and communities to promote
  ecologically-based  designs in order to limit impervious cover in undeveloped and moderately devel-
  oped watersheds and reduce the impact of impervious cover in highly developed watersheds.
* Provide information to the development community and others so they may champion  the applica-
  tion of sound land  use practices.
+ By  2003, work with local governments and communities to develop land-use management and water
  resource protection approaches that encourage the concentration  of new residential development in
  areas supported by adequate water resources and infrastructure to minimize impacts on water quality.
* By  2004, the jurisdictions will evaluate local implementation of stormwater, erosion control and other
  locally-implemented  water quality protection programs that affect the Bay system and ensure that
  these programs are being coordinated and applied effectively in order to minimize the impacts of
* Working with local governments and others, develop and promote wastewater treatment options,
  such as nutrient reducing septic systems, which protect  public health and minimize impacts to the
  Bay's resources.
+ Strengthen brownfield redevelopment.  By 2010, rehabilitate and restore 1,050 brownfield sites to
  productive use.
+ Working with local governments, encourage the development and implementation of emerging urban
  storm water retrofit practices to improve their water quantity and quality function.
                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000


*  By 2002, the signatory jurisdictions will promote coordination of transportation and land use plan-
   ning to encourage compact, mixed use development patterns, revitalization in existing communities
   and transportation strategies that minimize adverse effects on the Bay and its tributaries.
*  By 2002, each state will coordinate  its transportation policies  and programs to  reduce the depend-
   ence on automobiles by incorporating travel alternatives such as telework, pedestrian, bicycle and
   transit options, as appropriate, in the design of projects so as to increase the availability of alternative
   modes of travel as measured by increased use of those alternatives.
*  Consider the provisions of the federal transportation statutes for opportunities to purchase easements
   to preserve resource lands  adjacent  to rights of way and special efforts for stormwater management
   on both new and rehabilitation projects.
*  Establish policies and incentives which encourage the use of clean vehicle and  other transportation
   technologies that reduce emissions.

Public Access

*  By 2010, expand by 30 percent the system of public access  points to the  Bay, its tributaries and
   related resource sites in an environmentally sensitive manner by working with state and federal
   agencies, local governments and stakeholder organizations.
*  By 2005, increase the number of designated water trails in the  Chesapeake Bay region by 500 miles.
*  Enhance interpretation materials that promote stewardship at natural, recreational, historical and
   cultural public access points within  the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
*  By 2003, develop partnerships with at least 30  sites to  enhance place-based interpretation  of
   Bay-related resources and themes and stimulate volunteer involvement in resource restoration and

    The Chesapeake Bay is dependent upon the actions of every citizen in the watershed, both today and
    in the future. We recognize that the cumulative benefit derived from community-based watershed
programs is essential for continued progress toward a healthier Chesapeake Bay. Therefore, we commit
ourselves to engage our citizens by promoting a broad conservation ethic throughout the fabric of com-
munity life, and foster within all citizens a deeper understanding of their roles as trustees of their own
local environments. Through their actions, each individual can contribute to the health and well-being
of their neighborhood streams, rivers and the land that surrounds them, not only as ecological stewards
of the Bay but also as members of watershed-wide communities. By focusing individuals on local
resources, we will advance Baywide restoration as well.
We recognize that the future of the Bay also depends on the actions of generations to follow. Therefore,
we  commit to provide opportunities for cooperative learning and action so that communities can pro-
mote local environmental quality for the benefit and enjoyment of residents and visitors. We will assist
communities  throughout the  watershed in improving quality  of life, thereby strengthening local
                                     CHESAPEAKE  2000
                                           - 10-

economies and connecting individuals to the Bay through their shared sense of responsibility. We will
seek to increase the financial and human resources available to localities to meet the challenges of
restoring the Chesapeake Bay.

             Promote individual stewardship and assist individuals, community-based
              organizations, businesses, local governments and schools to undertake
               initiatives to achieve the goals and commitments of this agreement.

Education and Outreach

*  Make education and outreach a priority in order to achieve public awareness and personal involve-
   ment on behalf of the Bay and local watersheds.
+  Provide information to enhance the ability of citizen and community groups  to participate in Bay
   restoration activities on their property and in their local watershed.
*  Expand the use of new communications technologies to provide a comprehensive and interactive
   source of information on the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed for use by public and technical audi-
   ences. By 2001, develop and maintain a web-based clearing house of this information specifically for
   use by educators.
*  Beginning with the class of 2005, provide a meaningful Bay or stream outdoor experience for every
   school student in the watershed before graduation from high school.
*  Continue to forge partnerships with the Departments of Education and institutions of higher learn-
   ing in each jurisdiction to integrate information about the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed into
   school curricula and university programs.
*  Provide students and teachers alike  with opportunities to directly participate in local restoration and
   protection projects, and to support stewardship efforts in schools and on school property.
*  By 2002,  expand citizen outreach efforts to more specifically include minority populations by, for
   example, highlighting cultural and historical ties to the Bay, and providing multi-cultural and multi-
   lingual educational materials on stewardship activities and Bay information.

Community Engagement

+  Jurisdictions will work with local governments to identify small watersheds where community-based
   actions are  essential to  meeting Bay restoration goals—in particular  wetlands,  forested buffers,
   stream corridors and public access and work with local governments and community organizations to
   bring an appropriate range of Bay program resources to these communities.
*  Enhance funding for locally-based programs that pursue restoration and protection projects that will
   assist in the achievement of the goals of this and past agreements.
*  By 2001, develop and maintain a clearing house for information on local watershed restoration efforts,
   including financial and technical assistance.
+  By 2002,  each  signatory jurisdiction will offer easily-accessible  information suitable for analyzing
   environmental conditions at a small watershed scale.
                                     CHESAPEAKE  2000
                                           - 11  -

* Strengthen the Chesapeake Bay Program's ability to incorporate local governments into the policy
  decision making process. By 2001, complete a reevaluation of the Local Government Participation
  Action Plan and make necessary changes in Bay program and jurisdictional functions based upon the
+ Improve methods of communication with and among local governments on Bay issues and provide
  adequate opportunities for discussion of key issues.
* By 2001, identify community watershed organizations and partnerships. Assist in establishing new
  organizations and partnerships where interest exists. These partners will be important to successful
  watershed management efforts in distributing information to the public, and engaging the public in
  the Bay restoration and preservation effort.
* By 2005, identify specific actions to address the challenges of communities where historically poor
  water quality and environmental conditions have contributed to disproportional health, economic or
  social impacts.

Government  by Example

* By 2002, each signatory will put in place processes to:
       1.  Ensure that all properties owned, managed or leased by  the signatories are developed,
           redeveloped and used in a manner  consistent with all relevant goals, commitments and
           guidance of this Agreement.
       2.  Ensure that the design and construction of signatory-funded development and redevelop-
           ment projects  are consistent with all relevant goals, commitments and guidance of this
* Expand the use of clean vehicle technologies and fuels on the basis of emission reductions, so that a
  significantly greater percentage of each signatory government's fleet of vehicles use some form of
  clean technology.
* By 2001, develop an Executive Council Directive to address stormwater management to control
  nutrient, sediment and chemical contaminant runoff from state, federal and District owned land.


* Strengthen partnerships with Delaware, New York and West Virginia by promoting communication
  and by seeking agreements on issues of mutual concern.
+ Work with non-signatory Bay states to establish links with community-based organizations through-
  out the Bay watershed.
                                    CHESAPEAKE 2000
                                           - 12-

        'Y THIS AGREEMENT, we rededicate ourselves to the restoration and protection of
the ecological integrity, productivity and beneficial uses of the Chesapeake Bay system. We
reaffirm our commitment to previously-adopted Chesapeake Bay Agreements  and their
supporting policies. We agree to report annually to the citizens on the state of the Bay and
consider any additional actions necessary.
                                                               DATE June 28, 2000


                                 CHESAPEAKE 2000
                                      - 13-