United States
                        Environmental Protection
                  Off ice of Water
        EPA 840-B01-004
        Spring 2003
v°/EPA       Watershed  Events
                        A Bulletin on Sustaining Water Resources and Ecosystems
 In This Issue...

 This issue of Watershed Events highlights
 several major education and outreach
 campaigns. At the National Watershed
 Forum, delegates strongly recommended a
 national media campaign focused on
 watersheds. This issue describes innovative
 efforts under way by EPA and some of our
 partners to better educate the American
 public about the importance of watershed
 On The Inside...

 "Year of Clean Water Celebration"	1

 National Water Monitoring Day	2
 A National Estuary
 Outreach Campaign	3

 RiverSmart	5

 Groundwater Education	6

 Nonpoint Source Outreach Toolbox	7

 San Diego's  Think Blue Campaign	7

 Maine's Social Marketing Strategies .... 8
 Joining Forces with TV
 Weather Reporters	10

 National Aquarium in Baltimore's
 Chesapeake  Bay Program	11

 Earth Force	13

 A Bottom-Up "Watershed Approach".. 14

 Children's Groundwater Festival	15

 Project Wet	15
 New Resources	17

 Events	19

 Watershed Summits ...           ... 20
"Year of Clean




       On October 18, 2002, Presi-
       dent Bush issued a procla-
       mation declaring 2002-
2003 the "Year of Clean Water." In
the proclamation, issued on the
Clean Water Act's 30th anniversary,
the President credits the landmark
1972 Clean Water Act for dramati-
cally improving the overall health of
our marine waters, lakes, rivers,
streams, and wetlands, and he
recommends empowering Ameri-
cans to be good stewards of our
water resources.

This year EPA's Office of Water will
renew its commitment to clean water
and will seek to involve more Ameri-
cans in clean water activities by
featuring different water programs
each month. "The Environmental
Protection Agency has so much
information that can improve the daily
life of the American people, and we
want to get these messages out," said
G. Tracy Mehan, Assistant Adminis-
trator. "By informing people of new
ideas to solve environmental chal-
lenges, we believe this campaign will
further our efforts in meeting the
Clean Water Act's goals."
Brochures, feature articles, commen-
taries, posters, and other materials will
be developed and distributed widely
through the media and EPA regional
offices. Materials will also be posted
on the Internet at http://www.epa.gov/
water/yearofcleanwater/month .html.

As in 2002, EPA's Office of Water will
join with a host of public and private
partners in sponsoring nationwide
events, celebrations, and activities
honoring the 30th Anniversary of the
Clean Water Act and its commitment
to achieving the Act's goals.

   We'd really appreciate any comments
   you have on how to improve
   Watershed Events. We'd like to know
   if there is still a need for this
   newsletter and if so, whether it should
   be printed as a "hard copy,"
   distributed electronically, or just made
   available on the EPA Web site. Let us
   know what you think so that we can
   continue to support your watershed
   efforts! E-mail your thoughts to
   scott.patricia@epa.gov or fax them to

Page 2
     Watershed Events
Spring 2003
National  Water

Monitoring  Day

        On October 18 thousands
        took part in the first National
        Water Monitoring Day to
mark the 30th birthday of the Clean
Water Act.

Spearheaded by America's Clean
Water Foundation (ACWF) and
organized by a variety of federal.
state, and volunteer organizations.
National Water Monitoring Day
encouraged experienced volunteer
monitors, citizens, school kids, and
EPA staff to monitor four key water
characteristics (dissolved oxygen,
temperature, pH, and turbidity) and to
learn—and teach others—about
water quality and water pollution.
Another key goal was to foster
partnerships between established
volunteer monitoring groups and
water quality agencies.

Initial estimates show that 75,000 to
80,000 participants collected
information at about 4,000 sites
around the country. They entered
their findings into a special database
on ACWF's Year of Clean Water
Web site at www.yearofcleanwater.org.

Once all information is gathered and
assessed, America's Clean Water
Foundation will develop and distribute
a national summary report. Event
organizers now intend to build on the
momentum of last year's success
and establish Monitoring Day as an
annual event. Monitoring groups
interested in planning for this year
are invited to contact Ed Moyer of
America's Clean Water Foundation
at e.moyer@acwf.org.
EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman participated in monitoring events with
students from New Jersey.
        Some highlights from the first National Monitoring Day:

            EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman and Region 2
            Administrator Jane Kenny participated in monitoring events
            with students from Alexander D. Sullivan School at Liberty
            State Park in New Jersey.  Students took tours aboard the
            Regional Survey Vessel Clean Waters and sampled water
            quality at four stations in Upper New York Harbor.

            In Kansas City, a Metro Week of Water celebration included
            many events sponsored by a consortium of federal, state,
            and local water quality  agencies. Activities included
            canoeing the Missouri River,  measuring the Missouri  River
            using the latest technology as well as technology available
            during the time of Lewis and Clark, stream sampling by
            students, visits to local wastewater treatment  plants,
            helicopter trips to view  environmentally friendly develop-
            ment, educational forums,  marsh restoration activities, and
            hands-on workshops.

            The Monterey Bay Sanctuary Foundation, in collaboration
            with the California Coastal  Commission and the Coastal
            Watershed Council, organized a series of monitoring  events
            that involved 2,370 people  at  280 sites within the coastal
            watersheds of California, from the Oregon border to

            At the Middle Rio Grande Children's Water Festival in
            Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1,000 fourth graders learned
            about water quality and quantity issues.

            In Alexandria, VA, EPA Deputy Administrator Linda Fisher
            joined Marymount University students on a dory boat  trip to
            test the waters of the Potomac.

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events
  Watershed Events

  Patty Scott, Editor
  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  This Issue's Contributors

  Angie L. Ashley, National Aquarium in

  Deborah Castillo, City of San Diego

  Stacie Craddock, EPA AWPD

  Kathy Hoppe, Maine Department of
   Environmental Protection

  Carla Mansfield, Groundwater

  Alice Mayio, EPA AWPD

  Vince Meldrum, Earth Force

  Dennis Nelson, Project Wet

  Betsy Salter, EPA OCPD

  Neal Schaeffer, New Mexico Surface
   Water Quality

  Patty  Scott, EPA

  Susan Seacrest, Groundwater

  Glin Varco, River Network
  Watershed Events provides updated and
   timely information to professionals and
  others interested in the development and
     implementation of the watershed
   approach and in achieving watershed
  goals. The watershed approach focuses
     on mitigating the primary threats to
     ecosystem and human health and
  involving stakeholders to take action in  an
  integrated, holistic manner. Please direct
      any questions or comments to:
             Patty Scott
              U.S. EPA
       Ariel Rios Building (4501T)
     1200 Pennsylvania Avenue,  NW
         Washington, DC 20460
  To be added to the Watershed Events
  mailing list, simply send your name and
  address to:
            Becky Schmidt
           Tetra Tech, Inc.
      10306 Eaton Place, Suite 340
         Fairfax, Virginia 22030
"What  Is  an


National  Estuary



       Estuary  (es!  choo er' e) is an
       unusual word and unlike
       other waterbody terms such
as stream, river, lake, bay, and
ocean, it's not typically used in our
daily vocabulary. People outside the
field of estuary management.
science, or education don't talk
about "going to the estuary" to fish
or boat or swim. This lack of
familiarity with the word estuary
translates into a lack of both under-
standing of what estuaries are and
appreciation of why estuaries are

To make the word estuary part of
everyone's vocabulary, EPA's
National Estuary Program (NEP)
and NOAA's National Estuarine
Research Reserves (NERR) are
intensifying their outreach efforts.
They focused much of their efforts
on last year's National Estuary Day,
which was held on the first Saturday
in October. In addition, they plan to
support a new national multimedia
What Is an Estuary? campaign.

Estuary Live!

On October 3-4,  2002, EPA and
NOAA kicked off National Estuary
Day by coproducing Estuary Live! as
the showcase event. Estuary Live!
used wireless video transmission and
Internet technology to provide some 2
million students and citizens around the
world the opportunity to take live
interactive tours of some of the
nation's most valued estuaries.
Naturalists guided students through
the various estuary ecosystems,
stopping to point out snakes, birds,
plants, and other wildlife along the
way. Students also learned about the
cultural and historical importance of
estuaries and the importance of
coastal stewardship. Students around
the country e-mailed their questions
Students received live answers to their
estuary-related questions from scien-
tific experts.

and received live answers from
scientific experts at the estuary sites.
At least two states, South Carolina and
Florida, downlinked Estuary Live! to
their public school cable TV stations,
which feed into all their public schools

Also, as part of the celebration,
Deputy Secretary of Commerce Sam
Bodman, EPA Administrator Christine
Todd Whitman, and Deputy
Undersecretary for Oceans and
Atmosphere Scott B. Gudes joined
agency employees and 150 area
schoolchildren in Washington, D.C. for

        See Estuary page 4

Page 4
     Watershed Events
                    Spring 2003
        Estuary, from page 3
an interactive field trip of the Chesa-
peake Bay estuary. Because this
event was such a huge success.
plans are already underway for
Estuary Live! 2003.
EPA Administrator Christine Todd
Whitman applauded the cooperation
between EPA's National Estuary
Program and NOAA 's National
Estuarine Research Reserves to raise
awareness about estuaries.
Local National Estuaries
Day Events

This year NCAA's 25 National
Estuarine Research Reserves and
EPA's 28 National Estuary Programs
will target events between mid-
September and October in an effort to
build on the excitement and enthusi-
asm generated around National
Estuaries Day. NOAA's  new Web
site, http://www.estuaries.gov, will also
raise help awareness about estuaries
and allow citizens to find out where
they can participate in events.
 "What Is an Estuary?"
Advertising Campaign

The Association of National Estuary
Programs is developing a national
What Is an Estuary? outreach
campaign to educate the public
about estuaries and to encourage
citizens to take specific actions to
protect and restore estuaries.
Advertising will include:

•  Television (cable/direct TV)—
   30-second spots
•  Web search engines—Campaign
   site with links to all partners
•  Radio stations—complementary
   campaign for local NEPs
•  Outdoor advertising—busses,
   trains, subways, airports, etc.
•  Print—newspapers, magazines,
   sponsor-related materials
The  What Is an Estuary?  campaign
will place message-oriented news
stories on the local, regional, and
national levels to educate the public
about why  estuaries are important;
Wireless video transmissions allowed
thousands of students to take part in
interactive estuary tours.

what NEPs, NERRs, and others are
doing to protect them; and what
people can do to make a difference.

The campaign is scheduled to launch
on September 27,2003, in conjunction
with National Estuaries Day celebra-
tions. Although the campaign is being
initiated with seed money from EPA, it
is expected to be financed primarily
through sponsorships.

For more information, please
contact Betsy  Salter, EPA, at 202-
566-1244 or Becky Weidman,
NOAA, at 301-713-3155, x!45.
   EPA Issues New Rule on Concentrated Animal
   Feeding Operations

   On December 16, EPA announced a new rule covering large
   livestock operations — also known as concentrated animal
   feeding operations (CAFOs). Implementation of this rule
   means that all large operations must apply for National
   Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit
   coverage. EPA expects that approximately 11,000 facilities will apply by 2006.
   Currently, about 4,500 facilities are permitted. The rule will control runoff from
   agricultural  feeding operations, preventing billions of pounds of pollutants from entering
   America's waters. For more information, please see EPA's CAFO rule site: http://

   To help these livestock operations with additional costs, Congress included funding in
   last year's Farm Bill. For more information, visit EPA's website at www.epa.gov/npdes/

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events

Helps  People

Make "Smart"



   Tti June 2002 River Network, the
   nation's leader in supporting
   community-based river and
watershed groups, and Swiss Re, a
global reinsurance company, launched
a national public education campaign
called RiverSmart. By employing TV,
print, and radio PSAs, an interactive
Web site, and extensive grassroots
outreach, the RiverSmart campaign is
helping to raise public awareness of
the issues that threaten the nation's
rivers and drinking water supply. The
initial goal of the multiyear campaign is
to help people make some simple and
"smart" changes to their everyday

For the past 15 years, River Net-
work has worked with people and
organizations that care about their
rivers and communities. Today they
support close to 4,000 river and
watershed groups, including local,
statewide, and regional conservation
groups, public agencies, and tribal
governments. All of these entities
face the challenge of dealing with
nonpoint source pollution, yet
smaller organizations rarely have the
budget to create TV or radio ads
that can make an impact. By
providing a ready-made  "campaign
in a box" that links to an existing
educational Web site, RiverSmart
allows nonprofit groups as well as
public entities to insert their own
logo onto materials and  take part in
a nationwide campaign.
      The RiverSmart team is making a difference
The RiverSmart campaign would
not have been possible without the
generous support of Swiss Re.
Swiss Re, which prides itself as a
socially responsible company,
partners with leading organizations,
such as River Network, to share
knowledge, intellectual capital, and
expertise to find long-term, sustain-
able solutions. According to
Adrienne Atwell, the company's
environmental liability manager,
"Swiss Re is a dedicated and
committed stakeholder in the
dialogue on sustainable water
issues. We're proud to play an
instrumental role in RiverSmart,
underscoring our heightened aware-
ness for clean drinking water."
In its first year, RiverSmart has
already generated millions of viewer
impressions thanks to early coverage
by CNN and the outreach work of
River Network partner groups
nationwide. This year River Network
will continue to work closely with its
community-based river groups as well
as explore new partnerships. Munici-
palities and others that are seeking to
raise public awareness about
stormwater or nonpoint source issues
may want to consider the River Smart
campaign for their community.  If you
are interested in joining the campaign
or learning more, visit http://
www.riversmart.org or contact Glin
Varco, River Network, 503-241-3506,
x41. To learn more about Swiss Re,
visit http ://www.swissre .com.
   Federal Agencies Further Goal of No Net
   Loss of Wetlands

   On Dec. 27, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and
   EPA, in conjunction with the Departments of Agriculture,
   Commerce, Interior, and Transportation, released the
   National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan. The action
   plan's 17 items will ensure effective, scientifically-based
   decisions about protecting and restoring wetlands and also
   expand access to information on these activities. Wetlands
   (e.g., marshes, bogs, and similar areas) are invaluable for
   ecosystem health, filtering drinking water supplies, retaining
   flood waters, and supporting many types of wildlife.
   For a copy of the Plan, visit the EPA wetlands web site
   at http://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/ or call (202) 564-9828

     Watershed Events
                    Spring 2003

The  Forgotten

Element of



Thanks to a dynamic agenda and a
unique theme, the 18th Annual
Groundwater Foundation Confer-
ence in the scenic Willamette River
watershed in Oregon enlightened
many seasoned watershed leaders.
The November 2002 conference
focused on the essential, but often
forgotten, contribution that ground-
water makes to all watersheds and
highlighted ways that watershed
practitioners can incorporate
groundwater into watershed protec-
tion efforts.

Kim Stokely, leader of the renowned
Adopt-A-Watershed environmental
education program, opened the
conference by asking participants to
construct watershed/groundwater
models using paper napkins, paper,
markers, and spray bottles. This
interactive activity helped participants
understand how important groundwa-
ter protection is to maintaining
watershed health. Stokely stressed
that success begins by using the local
environment as a context for inte-
grated learning. Successful watershed
protection, she explained, also requires
regular monitoring, restoration, and
ongoing community education.

Building on Stokely's opening, Adam
Coulter offered a community water-
shed perspective through his work
with the Watershed Committee of the
Ozarks in Springfield, Missouri.
Coulter lives in a watershed that
depends on groundwater for its
drinking water. Groundwater is also an
important source of replenishment for
area lakes that enhance the local
economy through recreation and
tourism. Coutler explained that
because several of the groundwater
sources in the area are located in karst
or fractured rock geology—a type of
aquifer that is especially vulnerable to
contamination—groundwater protec-
tion is a critical part of his
community's watershed protection

Other conference highlights included a
panel discussion featuring community
leaders participating in The Ground-
water Foundation's ACTT (Applying
Community Technology Today)
project. Representing communities
with fewerthan 15,000 residents,
panelists explained how global
positioning systems (GPS) and
geographic information systems (GIS)
helped their communities complete
contaminant source inventories for
local water supplies. Panelists identi-
fied the challenges and benefits
associated with the process and
concluded with advice about achieving
community goals.
   Tips from the Panelists:
       Take time to learn about

      community water resources
      and their respective
      contributions to the local

      Nurture partnerships
      between diverse community

      Keep a long-term

      Show courage to learn and
      try new approaches to old
Christopher Hallowell, well-known
environmental journalist and author of
Holding Back the Sea: The  Struggle
for America's Natural  Legacy on
the Gulf Coast,  contributed a wider
perspective through his research and
writing about the Mississippi Delta.

Conference proceedings are now
available. To order a copy, contact
The Groundwater Foundation at
info@groundwater.org or call
   Watershed Radio

   Watershed Radio, a unique program created by the
   Smithsonian Environmental Research Center and the
   Sierra Club, uses daily 1-minute radio spots that highlight
   the natural environment and the connection between
   natural processes and human activities in the
   Chesapeake Bay watershed.

   From the latest scientific research findings to an
   interesting personality or place in the Chesapeake Bay
   watershed, Watershed Radio brings news and information
   to the attention of thousands of listeners throughout the
   watershed. A watershed is so much more than "the area of
   land that drains into a particular body of water," and by
   bringing attention to not only people and places but also scientific research, natural
   history, watershed organizations, and animals and their habitats, Watershed Radio
   brings the watershed—a community of people interacting with their natural

   A new Watershed Radio spot is available for every day of the week. The program's
   Web  site, http://www.watershedradio.org, provides the text, audio file, and background
   information for each  program and refers listeners and readers to other resources on
   the Internet. Thirteen radio stations throughout the watershed are broadcasting the
   programs, and the Web site has grown into a widely used  resource for information
   about environmental  issues in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events
San  Diego's

Think  Blue


Improves Water

Quality and

Quality of  Life

        One of the keys to cleaner
        ocean waters, bays.
        beaches, and watersheds is
public education. That's why the
City of San Diego's Storm Water
Pollution Prevention Program
created Think Blue. Think Blue is a
bilingual (English and Spanish)
campaign that seeks to educate
residents, business, and industry
about the causes of storm water
pollution and the behaviors people
can adopt to help improve both
water quality and the quality of life
in San Diego.

Using a random telephone survey, the
city learned how much San Diego
residents understood about the causes
of urban runoff and their existing
behaviors and habits that contribute to
the problem. The data helped the city
identify its key messages.

The four main components of the
campaign are: 1) employee training; 2)
a regional media campaign; 3) a
speakers bureau; and 4) a Web site.
The program is also working with San
Diego City Schools to include water
quality concepts in the science

Employee Training

Since October 2001 the Program has
trained all 13,000 city employees on
general storm water principles in a
1.5-hour mandatory workshop. The
workshop includes a video, "Storm
Water and You"; a Think Blue Easy
Solutions brochure; a "Be a Clean
Water Leader" card; an illegal
discharge report pad; and various
incentive items. This training compo-
nent won a Savvy Award from the
City, County, Communications
Association (3CMA) for best em-
ployee training video at the 2002

Regional Media Campaign

In Year One (FY 2002), Think Blue
captured the attention and concern of
residents through a series of  PSAs
about beach pollution, its causes, and
how the storm drain system operates.
The PSAs were aired on television
and radio for both English- and
Spanish-speaking audiences and won
two Telly Awards in May 2002 and
local EMMY Awards in June 2002.
The total cost for producing the PSA
package was $175,000.

The City also purchased $253,615 in
airtime on 32 local broadcast entities.
Think Blue commercials were aired
more than 2,050 times. Through the
donation of in-kind advertising and
publicity services, including free
airings of PSAs, web pages, newslet-
ter articles, traffic and weather
sponsorship promos, community
events that featured Think Blue
informational booths, concert program
advertisements, and bumper-stickers,
in-kind contributions totaled more than
$160,286. The contributions and

       See Think Blue page 8
Nonpoint Source Outreach

In April 2000, the states (under the
Association of State and Interstate
Water Pollution Control Administrators)
and EPA formed the Nonpoint Source
Outreach Workgroup. The
Workgroup's mission is to raise public
awareness and to foster behavior
changes to reduce nonpoint source
pollution. After conducting focus
groups and consulting with behavior
change  experts, the Workgroup
concluded that the most  effective way
of reaching the public is to provide
state and local agencies  and
organizations with the tools necessary
to launch their own location-specific
outreach campaigns.

The Workgroup will create an
expandable "toolbox" of strategies and
sample materials,  initially geared
toward changing personal behaviors in
and around the home (e.g., personal
stewardship). The  toolbox will contain
two major parts: (1) a how-to guide for
launching a local outreach campaign
and (2) sample materials or templates
that could be easily tailored to the
community's local  problems and
barriers to adopting better habits.

The how-to guide  expands upon an
existing outreach guide, Getting in
Step: A  Guide to Effective Outreach in
Your Watershed (available at http://
outreach/documents/). The expanded
guide will provide tips on applying
community-based  social  marketing
techniques, using  mass media, and
developing other outreach methods
(such as watershed fairs, contests,
water bill inserts, hotlines, and
discount cards). A video  version of the
Getting in Step manual is also being
produced, which will  showcase four
community events around the country.

The updated guide and video are
scheduled to be completed by early
2003.  The Workgroup also plans to
start work on the second part of the
toolbox (creating sample materials or
Distribution information is available at
outreach.html. For more  information,
contact Jack Wilbur,  Utah Department
of Agriculture and  Food, e-mail:
jackwilbur@utah.gov, phone 801-538-
7098; or Don Waye, EPA
headquarters, e-mail
waye.don@epa.gov, phone 202-566-

     Watershed Events
                   Spring 2003
      Think Blue from page 7

support from the local broadcast
companies were unprecedented.
Because the electronic media
campaign was so visible, storm
water pollution and the Think Blue
campaign received unanticipated
coverage in local newspapers.
magazines, and trade publications.
More than 20 articles were pub-
lished locally.

Speakers Bureau

The Program is working in partner-
ship with various industry and
business associations to create
tailored storm water presentations
for their members. Speakers bureau
representatives attend numerous
community group and service
organization meetings and other
public forums across the jurisdiction
to share information about this issue.
In Year One staff gave more than
77 storm water presentations and
attended 40 community events.

Regional Web Site

The http://www.Thinkbluesd.org
Web site provides interested parties
access to literature, fact sheets with
best management practices, the
City's Jurisdictional Urban Runoff
Management Plan (JURMP), the
City Municipal Code, press releases,
program developments, educational
videos, and the PSAs. Since Sep-
tember 2001, the site has had more
than 190,000 visitors.

The results of FY 2002 efforts have
been tremendous. The PSAs have
received critical and national
acclaim, and storm water pollution
as a quality of life issue has reso-
nated with local residents and the
media. The Think Blue campaign is
being looked upon as a model storm
water education and outreach
program at the national level. More
important, San Diego residents are
paying attention to the message and
beginning to change their behaviors
to benefit the area's beaches, bays,
and recreational waters.

For more information or to request a
copy of the first year's report,
Think Blue—Year One in Review,
contact Deborah Castillo at 619-
Results  in  Maine
    Tn 1995 the Maine Department
    of Environmental Protection's
    Nonpoint Source Pollution
Program embarked on a new
approach to education and outreach.
It has been a slow change, with the
program gradually incorporating
standard market science techniques,
but it is happening and the Depart-
ment is seeing real results.

Recognizing that there are a science
and a method to changing behaviors,
and that present staffing did not
have the needed expertise, the
Program hired an advertising firm
that helped develop the Eight
Simple Steps campaign. (For more
information on this effort, visit the
Web site http://www.state.me.us/
With the expertise gained from
Eight Simple Steps, the Program
implemented its second campaign on
soil erosion, even more aligned with
standard social marketing tech-
niques. The Program had the
advantage of starting the project
with 4 years of professionally
conducted market research. Armed
with this information, they prepared
a Request for Proposals for a pilot
project and hired a team of two
companies—one, a market research
firm; the other, an advertising

Because existing data on the
present views of the target audience
were available, the Program jumped
right into the issues. The advertising
firm developed test logos and
slogans, which the market  research
firm used when conducting focus
groups. The focus groups provided
invaluable insight into the target
audience's perspective, values, and
motivation. Without the focus
groups, the campaign would not
have been as successful.

Armed with the focus group results,
Program staff developed the final
outreach pieces. They included
radio, newspaper, and direct mail
post cards. Because this was a pilot
project, the Program  targeted a
number of communities in central
Maine that had a good representa-
tion of the state's demographics.
Two of the towns received direct
mail pieces; the others did not. This
approach allowed for the compari-
son and evaluation of the effective-
ness of the direct mail pieces
compared to the other two  market-
ing venues. After the 4-week
campaign, the market research firm
conducted a statistically valid phone

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events
                                          Page 9

    Of the 23 percent
    who said  they had
    done  something
    to prevent soil
    erosion, 73
    percent named a
    behavior Maine
    DEP had
survey of households in the targeted
Total Maximum Daily Loads
(TMDLs), or active environmental
associations. The Program again
evaluated the campaign's effective-
ness with a phone survey by a
professional market research firm.
The results indicate success in
raising awareness. Of the 21
percent who  remembered seeing or
hearing the ads, 42 percent correctly
identified a behavior (best manage-
ment practice, or BMP) that was
encouraged by the campaign. Of the
23 percent who said they had done
something to prevent soil erosion, 73
                  percent named a behavior the
                  Program had encouraged. Because
                  the Program chose to track the
                  effectiveness of its efforts, it can
                  say with confidence that it is on the
                  right track and that its pieces are
                  effective in getting their messages

                  For information on Maine DEP's
                  NPS Soil Campaign or other out-
                  reach efforts, contact Kathy Hoppe,
                  Maine DEP, 1235 Central Drive
                  Presque Isle, ME 04769, 207-764-
                  0477 orkathy.m.hoppe@state.me.us.
The results indicate that the pieces
were effective at raising awareness
by 12 percent. However, because of
the short period of time, it was
impossible to measure change in
behavior. Analysts also determined
that the way the Program used the
direct mail pieces was not as
effective as  use of the radio and
newspaper ads. It was determined
that the direct mail pieces would be
most effectively used in local
grassroots efforts by local water-
shed or lake associations.

Equipped with these results, the
Program had two choices: spend
money on tweaking the materials,
which had proven effective, or use
them as is. At the recommendation
of consultants, based on a limited
budget and the proven effective-
ness, the Program chose to use the
existing materials.

In August 2002, with a limited
budget, the Program conducted a
targeted soil erosion campaign in
communities with active Clean
Water Act Section 319 projects,
           "Please don't soil our waters!"
                 It's no fish story: soil erosion
                 Is our tf i  water pollutant
                 him I ri nl.ltr
                 .U .til. k.ti
"Irf'i *m|irit tri' kck* i
Page 10
     Watershed Events
                                                        Spring 2003
EPA Joins

Forces with TV



       Educating the public is an
       important part of EPA's
       mission. Recognizing that
television weather forecasters are
very effective at explaining complex
scientific issues, EPA's Office of
Water recently joined with the
National Environmental Education
and Training Foundation (NEETF),
the American Meteorological
Society (AMS), Storm Center
Communications, and the Center for
Watershed Protection in an innova-
tive partnership project to  recruit
broadcast meteorologists and train
them to educate their viewers about

Weather events like droughts, floods,
and hurricanes directly affect the
quality of our water resources and
offer a perfect opportunity for
meteorologists to discuss the connec-
tions between weather and  water-
sheds. In addition to discussing the
environmental implications of weather
events, meteorologists can provide
useful tips on how people can help
conserve water and minimize erosion
and runoff. By using watershed maps
and visualizations, meteorologists can
significantly enhance the public's
understanding of watersheds.

Although the initial focus for the
project is the Chesapeake  Bay
Watershed, the long-term goal of
this collaborative project is to train
broadcast meteorologists across the
country to talk about weather,
watersheds, and other timely
environmental issues. During a
special "Eyes on the Environment"
NBC4 's Watershed Project Web page provides
interactive information about watersheds.
training workshop at the AMS's 31st
Conference on Broadcast Meteorol-
ogy in Williamsburg, Virginia, EPA
Administrator ChristineTodd
Whitman told 140 meteorologists
from around the country about the
important role they can play in
sharing watershed information with
their viewers.
                                           AMS Executive Director
                                           Dr. Ron McPherson said
                                           that he envisions the
                                           meteorologist as the
                                           "station scientist"—the
                                           person the station turns to
                                           when science issues arise,
                                           particularly environmental
                                           ones. "I would also like to
                                           see AMS Sealholders
                                           increasingly regarded by
                                           the public as reliable
                                           sources of information on a
                                           broader range of environ-
                                           mental issues.  " The
                                     workshop inaugurated a series of
                                     pilot workshops that are planned
                                     as part of AMS's Continuing
                                     Education Program. AMS's goals
                                     call for greater outreach to the
                                     public to promote scientific
                                     literacy  and a better understand-
                                     ing of our physical environment.
      Chief Meteorologist Bob Ryan at NBC4 in
      Washington, DC, frequently discusses the
      Chesapeake Bay watershed as part of NBC4's
      Watershed Project, "Where the Atmosphere
      Meets the Earth." http://

      Paul Gross with WDIV-TV in Detroit aired an
      interview with EPA Administrator Whitman and
      did a special feature story for National Water
      Monitoring Day.

      San Diego weathercaster Loren Nancarrow
      offers  regular "Environmental Field Notes."
Weathermen for Watersheds

Broadcast meteorologists can look to some of their colleagues for ideas on how
they can report on watershed issues. Below are some examples of what a few
leading meteorologists are doing:

    Carl Arredondo at WWL-TV in New Orleans
    provides weekly updates on bacteria counts in
    Lake Ponchartrain. http://www.wwltv.com/
                                           Interactive Web pages allow
                                           visitors to find their
                                           watershed address.
   For more information, contact Patty Scott with EPA's Office of Water at 202-
   566-1292 (e-mail: scott.patricia@epa.gov)

Spring 2003
Watershed Events
                                                              Page 11
    Envirocast Newsletter
    The Envirocast newsletter is the
    newest undertaking in this
    collaborative effort with television
    meteorologists. The goal is to
    provide weather forecasters and
    news directors throughout the
    Chesapeake Bay with
    interesting, news-breaking
    stories that can readily be used
    on the air during daily weather

    The environmental information
    provided in the newsletter will
    also be useful to many of the
    organizations focusing on the
    Chesapeake Bay watershed. (To
    subscribe, send an e-mail to

    For more information, contact
    Patty Scott with EPA's Office of
    Water at 202-566-1292 (e-mail:
SMraWmrPvftilBf*  *vn, ••••««• da
Wwlt H**, fc rr*rt» STjfrSKT
           — •»!*«*•< I
Volunteers help restore coastal
bay habitats by planting sub-
merged aquatic vegetation (SAV),

                              Aquarium  in



                              Stewardship of

                              the  Chesapeake


                                     Located on the shores of the
                                     Chesapeake Bay, the Na-
                                     tional Aquarium in Baltimore
                              attracts 1.6 million visitors annually,
                              most of whom reside in the Chesa-
                              peake Bay watershed. Through
                              exhibits and educational programs,
                              the Aquarium has been teaching
                              these visitors about the Chesapeake
                              Bay for more than 20 years. Now
                              the Aquarium is taking that message
                              outside its walls and into the field.
                              Since 1997, when the Aquarium was
                              designated by Coastal America as
                              the Coastal Ecosystem Learning
                              Center for the Chesapeake region,
                              the Conservation Department has
                              developed action-based programs to
                              foster awareness, inspire leadership,
                              and promote stewardship of the
                              Chesapeake Bay.

                              The Conservation Department
                              provides opportunities for volunteers
                              to actively engage the public in the
                              restoration of Bay habitats and
                              increase environmental awareness
                              in local communities. The Depart-
                              ment is focusing its outreach efforts
                              on tidal wetlands, which are vital to
                              the existence of the marine life that
                              makes the Bay famous. Yet thou-
                              sands of acres of these fragile
                              wetlands have been destroyed, and
                              more are lost every year.

                                    See Aquarium page 12

Page 12
      Watershed Events
                              Spring 2003
      Aquarium, from page 11

In partnership with the National
Park Service, the Aquarium main-
tains and monitors a  10-acre created
tidal wetland adjacent to Fort
McHenry National Monument and
Historic Shrine in Baltimore, Mary-
land. Although this site is vital for
many species of wildlife, including
sea ducks, heron, muskrats, and red-
winged blackbirds, years of neglect
have left this site saturated with
debris. Staff and volunteers from
the Aquarium Conservation Team
(ACT!) monitor the health of this
site, maintain the area, and interpret
it to visitors and volunteers. Since
1998 ACT! has led quarterly public
field days at the site,  where more
than 210,000 pieces of debris have
been collected.

The Aquarium has also partnered
with the federal government to
create tidal wetlands with material
dredged from recreational boating
channels. The Aquarium leads the
restoration of eroding Bay islands by
planting these sites with native
marsh grasses. Sites at both Eastern
Neck National Wildlife Refuge and
Blackwater National Wildlife
Refuge  (Barren Island) have been
successfully restored  with help by
the public. By involving many
members from the community-
Refuge  Support Groups,  local
citizens, and students-restoration
projects can raise  awareness about
the importance of wetlands to the
Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and
inspire volunteers to monitor the
health of these sites for years to
The Aquarium is extending
and enhancing its existing
programs by developing
interactive educational tools
about the Chesapeake Bay
and involving students in
growing wetland plants at
their schools. The Conser-
vation Department's
Schoolyard Spartina
project teams the
Aquarium with local
schools and engages the
students in wetland restora-
tion activities. This new
program, modeled after one
developed by Tampa BayWatch,
allows students to grow native
marsh grass to a transplantable
size in schoolyard ponds. In
addition, staff from the Aquarium
visit the  schools and engage
students in activities aimed at
teaching the importance of the
Chesapeake Bay and wetland
habitats. In the spring Aquarium

Water quality monitoring helps the Aquarium
determine the health of restored sties.
          staff will assist the students in
          planting their marsh grasses at
          Chesapeake Bay restoration sites.

          For more information about these
          projects, contact Angie Ashley,
          Chesapeake Bay Program Manager
          for the National Aquarium in
          Baltimore, at aashley@aqua.org or
          check the Web site at http://
   EPAAnnounces New Water Quality Trading Policy
   On January 13, 2003,  EPA announced a new Water Quality Trading Policy designed to
   cut industrial, municipal and agricultural discharges into the nation's waterways. The
   goal of the policy is to support and encourage states and tribes in developing and
   putting into place water quality trading programs that implement the requirements of the
   Clean Water Act and federal regulations in more flexible ways and reduce the cost of
   improving and maintaining the quality of our country's water.
   The new Policy incorporates economic incentives to improve the water quality. The
   Policy allows one source to meet its regulatory obligations by using pollutant reductions
   created by another source that has lower pollution control costs. The standards remain
   the same, but efficiency is increased and cost will see a decrease. Under this policy
   industrial and municipal facilities will first meet technology control  requirements and then
   could use their pollution reduction credit to make progress towards water quality goals.
   The policy is expected to increase the success of cleaning up impaired rivers, streams
   and lakes throughout the country.
   For more  information,  visit EPA's Trading web site at http://www.epa.gov/owow/
   watershed/trading, htm.

Spring 2003
          Watershed Events
                       Page 13
Earth Force
Helps Youth
Become a  Force
for Clean  Water
     Students at Vare Middle
     School had to go past
     refineries and littered parking
lots just to catch a glimpse of the
Schuylkill River in South Philadel-
phia. After conducting surveys and
assessing the impact of industry on
the river, they developed proposals
for the river's future. They joined
forces with the  Schuylkill River
Development Council (SRDC) and
held a community meeting at which
the students proposed revitalization
initiatives such as a new dog park, a
performing arts center, and an
environmental  education center.
"[The students] played an integral
role in the Tidal Schuylkill River
Master Plan Process. Their energy,
innovative ideas, and civic commit-
ment helped create the Schuylkill
River plan that will bring Philadel-
phians back to the river," said
Tiffany Hodge, the director of
community relations at
Schuylkill River Development
It is obvious that the watershed
industry must reach out to young
people to cultivate future adult
leaders who are invested in
protecting water. If that isn't
reason enough, young people like
the Vare students are a valuable
resource now for assessing the
health of watersheds and making
real improvements.
     Students' energy was vital to the
     success of the restoration project.

     Currently about 70 percent of rivers
     go untested in a given year even
     though more than 12,000 student
     groups monitor waterways in the
     United States. The involvement of
     more young people in water protec-
     tion could make a serious dent in the
     number of rivers with unknown
     water quality, and that involvement
     need not be superficial.

     Too many attempts to involve youth
     in community projects deny young
     people real leadership roles and
     opportunities to have their opinions
     heard. Organizations that invest time
     in youth resources get out of that
     investment what they put into it.
     Youth are capable of doing far more
Students gather around a 3-dimensional
model to learn about the different ways urban
runoff can pollute the Schuylkill River.
than picking up trash from a river
bank. Here are some ideas to keep
in mind when working with youth to
make sure both the students and the
organization get the most out of the

•  Let the process be truly youth-led
   by giving students a project they
   can own so that they decide what
   plan of action to pursue.
•  Aim to have projects transcend
   short-term fixes—such as park
   cleanups—and engage youth to be
   active leaders in creating lasting
   community change by addressing
   the root causes of a problem.
•  Ensure that action plans are based
   on balanced research that the
   students conduct early on. The
   research students conduct gives
   them the credibility to be taken
   seriously and helps them become
   true agents of change.

Earth Force as a Resource
for Youth Involvement

All Earth Force programs are based
on the three principles above and can
help watershed organizations increase
youth involvement in their programs.
Earth Force has a variety of water-
shed education and assessment
resources available through its Global
River Environmental Education
Network (GREEN) program. If you
want to learn more about GREEN
and how it can help you actively
involve more young people in your
organization, contact Earth Force at
green@earthforce.org. The resources
on http://www.green.org can also help
get you started.

Page 14
     Watershed Events
                   Spring 2003
A Bottom-Up
Approach": One
Woman  Makes  a
      This is a story of one
      woman, Mary Bernstein.
      making a difference. It's
about not only stewardship and
personal responsibility, but also
collaboration and community
building. In other words, it's about
the "watershed approach," which
might be defined as a coordinated,
voluntary, consensus-based ap-
proach to watershed issues.
                                      NPDES Watershed
                                      Permitting Policy
                                      On January 7, EPA's Assistant
                                      Administrator, G. Tracy Mehan, III,
                                      signed the Watershed-Based
                                      National Pollutant Discharge
                                      Elimination System (NPDES)
                                      Permitting Policy. For this Policy,
                                      watershed-based permitting is
                                      defined as an approach that
                                      produces NPDES permits that are
                                      issued to point sources on a
                                      geographic or watershed basis to
                                      meet watershed goals.  The policy
                                      states the benefits of watershed-
                                      based permitting, the implementing
                                      mechanisms for this part of the
                                      watershed approach, and how the
                                      EPA will encourage an increase in
                                      the use of watershed-based NPDES
                                      permits. The Policy can be viewed
                                      at: http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/
A few years ago Mary bought a home
near San Pedro Creek. She soon
became president of the homeowners'
association, where she learned that
the conservation easement they
managed offered scarce protection for
the creek. From the New Mexico
Environment Department's Surface
Water Quality Bureau (SWQB), Mary
learned that the creek was "unclassi-
fied," meaning that it had only basic
protection from degradation.

Mary decided to get the creek
classified, beginning by educating
herself about stream science and
the regulatory process. She obtained
funding and conducted her own
water quality testing, and she
engaged nearby university students
in research and other work. She
also convinced the SWQB to
conduct water quality, biological, and
geomorphological surveying.

This work revealed that the creek
was already suffering from signifi-
cant impairment, including disruption
of the sediment loading and hydro-
logic regimes. Mary engaged a local
expert in riparian restoration, Bill
Zeedyk, who volunteered his
expertise. The result was native
riparian restoration work and
removal of exotic vegetation. With
additional work, this restoration is
expected to stabilize stream banks,
decrease water temperature,
increase the depth of pools, and
otherwise improve the habitat for
fish and other wildlife.
Mary's next step was to petition the
New Mexico Water Quality Control
Commission (WQCC) to classify the
creek with an appropriate designated
use. During the WQCC hearing, Mary
apologized forthe "family album"
appearance of her photo documenta-
tion. The Commissioners replied that it
was like a breath of fresh air com-
pared to the stodgy materials agencies
usually present. At the end of the day,
the Commissioners elected to classify
San Pedro Creek with the designated
uses of coldwater fishery, irrigation,
livestock watering, wildlife habitat, and
secondary contact. Their decision was
based on informed values that were
much better refined than anything
written in a statute, regulation, or
agency mission statement.

Mary engaged the SWQB and
WQCC as fellow stakeholders. Her
effort provided a venue for the
SWQB to satisfy its own mandates.
Now she  is moving on to other
stakeholders and issues. Recently,
Mary formed the Intermountain
Conservation Trust to continue
conservation work on San Pedro
Creek and expand into other areas.
One by one, she seems to be finding
the best solutions available.
For more information, contact Neal
Schaeffer, New Mexico Surface
Water Quality Bureau, at
neal  schaeffer(S>nmenv.state.nm.us.

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events
                       Page 15




  15 Years of



      Since 1989 The Groundwater
      Foundation has been involved
      in teaching children about
  groundwater and the environment
  through the Children's Groundwater
  Festival. Since the Festival's incep-
  tion, more than 35,000 fourth- and
  fifth-grade students have traveled to
  Grand Island, Nebraska, to learn about
  groundwater and related resources in
  a run and interactive atmosphere.

  During the festival, groundwater and
  natural resources professionals
  representing government agencies,
  environmental organizations, colleges
  and universities, and private business
  lead interactive displays and provide
  lively entertainment. Each activity is
  designed to teach children important
  lessons while they have fun.

  On March 19,2003, more than 1,700
  students will participate in the 15th
  annual Children's Groundwater
  Festival. Students will explore the
  world of groundwater and discover
  their potential as rising stars in
  environmental stewardship with this
  year's theme, "Groundwater Galaxy:
  A World of Rising Stars." To help
  celebrate, Scott Carpenter, world-
  famous astronaut and aquanaut, will
  share his experiences in outer space
Students met some of Nebraska's water-
dependent feathered friends.
and underwater. It will be an out-of-
this-world experience for all involved.

Students are eager to learn how to
make a difference in their communi-
ties by inspiring groundwater protec-
tion behaviors in others. The
Children's Groundwater Festival has
become an international model of
hands-on environmental education.
Over the years water education
festivals have sprung to life across the
United States and around the world.
To meet the demand for specialized
training for festival organizers, The
Groundwater Foundation has pub-
lished several books and launched a
one-of-a-kind workshop held in
conjunction with the Children's
Groundwater Festival called "Festival

For more information about the
Children's Groundwater Festival or
Festival Expedition, visit The Ground-
water Foundation's Web site at http://
www.groundwater.org, or contact
Carla Mansfield of The Groundwater
Foundation, Children's Groundwater
Festival Cochair, at 800-858-4844, or
Project WET:  No

Boundaries  in

Water  Education

      The human ability to achieve
      balance between needs and
      desires while maintaining
ecological integrity and economic
growth is being tested all over the
globe. More than 300 watersheds
are shared by two or more countries
with different forms of government,
language, culture, and development.
In addition, global population num-
bers grew from 2.6 billion in 1950 to
6.2 billion in 2002, while the amount
of natural resources is finite. The
need for education and stewardship
by all water users has never been

To meet this need, International
Project WET (Water Education for
Teachers) committed to creating
education programs that serve all
water users and can be used by
anyone. Project WET has 23
publications and 25 more in the
works. All Project WET materials
are science-based, hands-on,
multidisciplinary, and classroom-
ready. The books are supported by
training programs and support
services in every U.S. state and
territory, Canada, Mexico, the
Philippines, and the Peace Corps.
This international delivery network
  Vi jtL'r bliliu-iiliiMi

Page 16
     Watershed Events
                   Spring 2003
allows Project WET to reach
millions of children, educators.
nongovernment organizations.
agencies, watershed groups, and
community organizations each year.

Project WET is a nonprofit science,
natural resources, and heritage
education program and publisher
located on the campus of Montana
State University in Bozeman,

Since its inception in 1989, Project
WET has expanded to include
Healthy Water, Healthy People;
Native Waters; WOW! The Won-
ders of Wetlands; the Discover a
Watershed Series; Ground Water;
Conserve Water;  KIDS (Kids In
Discovery Series); and Project
Archaeology. The organization
responds to the needs of many
diverse groups and relies on public
and private partnerships to accom-
plish its work.

Seed money from EPA has fostered
Project WET's vision and growth.
One example is Discover a Water-
shed: The Rio  Grande/Rio Bravo
Educators Guide, a 378-page
guide, now available in English and
Spanish, that offers background
information and activities for grades
5-12. Topics include hydrology,
plant and animal communities,
history and culture, comparisons of
water management systems, priority
issues, basin economy, and future
scenarios. Each lesson has been
tested by American and Mexican
teachers and students. Activities are
matched to National Science
Standards, and they fit disciplines
ranging from fine arts to health.
 S/A?ce  its inception  in
 1989,  Project WET has
 expanded to include
 Healthy Water, Healthy
 People; Native Waters;
 WOW! The Wonders of
 Wetlands; the Discover a
 Watershed Series;
 Ground Water;  Conserve
 Water; KIDS (Kids  In
 Discovery Series);  and
 Project Archaeology.
For younger students, the KIDS
activity booklet Discover the Rio
Grande/Rio Bravo is  available in
English or Spanish. This inexpen-
sive, full-color, 16-page booklet is a
fun, informative introduction to the
diverse world of this binational
watershed. Every page is filled with
experiments and illustrations of
mazes, murals, and marketplace
games that stimulate understanding
of the basin. Nine other KIDS
booklets on various water topics are

The Discover a Watershed Series'
goal is to facilitate and promote the
awareness, appreciation, knowledge,
stewardship, and understanding of
watershed topics  and  issues from an
unbiased perspective that crosses
political, cultural, and economic
boundaries. Other books in the
series are  Discover a Watershed:
The Everglades,  and  The Water-
shed Manager Educators  Guide.
Discover a Watershed: The
Missouri will be published in the
summer of 2003,  and  at that time an
expedition researching the Colorado
River will provide background
material for a 2004 guide. For more
information, visit
www.discoverawatershed.org or
call Or call (toll-free) 866-337-5486.

Another new Project WET program,
Healthy Water, Healthy People,
encourages investigation of the
connections between water quality
and environmental and human
health. Through inquiry-based
investigations, the program promotes
individual understanding and integra-
tion of water quality principles and
values. For more information, visit

Project WET's new catalog is now
available online at
www.projectwet.org.  In addition to
ordering publications and products,
you can find out the latest informa-
tion about water festivals around the
country and plan for the once-a-
year megacelebration, Make a
Splash. More than 40,000 students
across the country attended the
2002 Make a Splash festivals,
funded by Nestle Waters.

The Project WET staff is actively
taking part in transboundary educa-
tion initiatives around the globe. The
collaboration between the United
States and Mexico to educate
citizens of the Rio Grande/Rio
Bravo watershed may serve as a
reference for all water users across
shared rivers and, let's hope, as a
starting point for new watershed
education awareness.

For more information, contact
Dennis Nelson, Executive Director
or Project WET at 406-994-5392  or

Spring 2003
     Watershed Events
                        Page 17
New  Resources

New Clean Water Act Module
Added to Watershed Academy
The Office of Water's Watershed
Academy has completed a Web-
based training module called "Intro-
duction to the Clean Water Act" at
Users can go through the entire 65-
slide course on the Clean Water Act
(CWA) in sequence, or they can jump
to the particular CWA program of
interest by going to the "CWA Big
Picture" by linking to http://
slide.htm, shown at the top of each
slide. For further information, contact
Bill Painter at 202-566-1218.
New Tribal Water Quality
Standards Publication
How Water Quality Standards
Protect Tribal Waters (EPA 823-B-
02-002) is a new EPA publication
designed to help tribes develop their
own water quality standards pro-
grams. The document provides an
introduction to water quality stan-
dards, discusses the benefits of a
standards program on reservation
lands, and answers some frequently
asked questions about the process to
obtain EPA authorization to conduct
such a program. Water quality
standards are laws or regulations
that Indian tribes (authorized to
administer the program) adopt to
enhance the quality of their waters
and protect human health, and are
the cornerstone of the nation's
surface water protection program
under the  CWA.
Two case studies are included in the
publication. The first features the
Fort Peck Reservation, home to
Montana's Assiniboine and Sioux
Tribes. It highlights the tribes'
efforts to use biological criteria in
their water quality standards. The
second case study focuses on the
Seminole Tribe of Florida and the
use of water quality standards to
solve a severe nutrient problem on
the Big Cypress Reservation.

To obtain copies of the new
publication, contact Eleanor
Jackson at 202-566-0052 or

Database on State Water
Quality Standards and
Designated  Uses
EPA is developing an online National
Water Quality Standards Database
(WQSDB) to improve public access
to information about how waters are
being protected and to empower the
public to better understand how
actions in their watershed can help
or harm those waters. The first
phase will allow users to access
information on "designated uses."
These uses, which the state sets,
describe the functions that each
waterbody is intended to support
(e.g. swimming, fishing, drinking
water). The second phase of the
WQSDB will add numeric "water
quality criteria" representing the
quality of water that supports
particular uses. When completed,
the WQSDB will allow access to
maps and tables for all of the
approximately 2.7 million surface
waterbodies across the nation. You
can visit the database at http://
www.epa.gov/wqsdatabase or
download fact sheets at http://
docs/wqsdatabase.pdf and http://
NOAA Web Site Consolidates
Funding Information
The National Oceanic and Atmo-
spheric Administration's Coastal
Service Center site now offers
coastal managers information on
grant-funding opportunities provided
by the Center and other relevant
organizations. This site also provides
links to many free resources,
including articles, tutorials, and tips
to help managers and staff through
the grant-writing process. Visit the
Coastal Service Center's Web site
at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/text/

"Forests Matter" Section
Added  to NBC4 Web Site
The NBC4 Weather Net4 Web site
has a new section called "Forests
Matter." Check out the six new
chapters at http://
watershed .interactive-

Also, by clicking on the NBC4
Watershed Project homepage, you
can view NBC4's chief meteorolo-
gist, Bob Ryan, interviewing USDA
Forest Service  Chief Dale
Bosworth. Chief Bosworth dis-
cusses the role of forests and trees
in providing healthy watersheds and
clean water, and the threats to the
nation's forests from urbanization,
fire, drought, and forest loss from
development and other factors.
Click on the words next to the little
camera icon to see the 3-minute
video. Also, be sure to check out the
media features, environmental news
archives, and watershed community
involvement calendar.

EPA and other federal agencies are
supporting this project through a
cooperative agreement with the
National Environmental Education

Page 18
     Watershed Events
                    Spring 2003
            Year of Clean Water Materials
            EPA's Office of Water is providing
            a number of new materials in
            celebration of the 30th anniversary
            of the Clean Water Act. Visit http://
            yearofcleanwater/month.html to
            download new brochures,
            articles, and publications on a
            variety of water issues.
and Training Foundation. The goal
is to use weather forecasts as a
way to raise awareness about
water quality and watersheds.

Storm Water Strategies
CD-ROM Available
To help communities implement
better storm water controls, the
Natural Resources Defense
Council (NRDC) recently released
a CD-ROM version of its 1999
report Storm Water Strategies:
Community Responses to Runoff
Pollution. The new CD-ROM is
very user-friendly and includes
updated case studies on storm
water management issues (includ-
ing new information on Low-
Impact Development), Web site
links to storm water management
leaders across the nation, and
electronic navigational tools to
locate information of particular
interest to your watershed. For
more information on the Storm
Water Strategies CD-ROM, visit
the NRDC Web site at
www.nrdc.org/publications, or call

New Watershed Project
Management Guide
The recently released Watershed
Project Management Guide
presents a four-phase approach to
watershed management based on
a collaborative process that
responds to common needs and
goals. The recommended process
consists of a series of four basic
phases: Assessment, Planning,
Implementation, and Evaluation.
The process can be  used to meet
load allocations required by an
approved TMDL, goals of a
source water protection plan,
USDA programs (e.g., Environ-
mental Quality Incentive Pro-
gram), or section 319 projects. To
order, visit the Web site http://
www.crcpress.com or call 800-

Spring 2003                           Watershed Events                                 Page 19

 Events ...

  February 2003

  17-20      Urban Storm Water: Enhancing Programs at the Local Level, Chicago, IL. Contact Bob
             Kirschner, Conference Coordinator, Chicago Botanic Garden, 1000 Lake Cook Road, Glencoe, IL
             60022; e-mail: bkirschn@chicagobotanic.org.

  24-28     International Erosion  Control Association: 34th Annual Conference  & Expo: A Gathering of
             Global Solutions, Las Vegas, NV Contact IECA, P.O. Box 774904, Steamboat Springs, CO
             80477. Phone: 970-879-3010; Internet: www.ieca.org.

  March 2003

  10-14     Natural Rivers: Mechanisms, Morphology, and Management, Baltimore, MD. For more
             information, contact Wildland Hydrology, 1481 Stevens Lake Road, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.
             Phone: 970-731-6100; e-mail: wildlandhydrology@wildlandhydrology.com. To register, visit

  April 2003

  13-16     Restore America's Estuaries: Inaugural National Conference on Coastal and Estuarine
            Habitat Restoration, Baltimore, MD. Visit www.estuaries.org for more information.

  22-25      16th Annual National  Conference on Enhancing the States' Lake Management Program,
             Chicago, IL. Contact Bob Kirschner, Chicago Botanic Garden, 1000 Lake Cook Rd., Glencoe,
             Illinois, 60022. E-mail: bkirschn@chicagobotanic.org.

  23-25      6th National Mitigation Banking Conference, San Diego, CA. For more information, visit
             www.mitigationbankingconference.com, or call 703-548-5473.

  29-30      26* Annual Conference on Analysis of Pollutants In the Environment, Chicago, IL. Sponsored
            by EPA. Contact Marion Kelly at 202-566-1045; e-mail: Kelly.Marion@epa.gov.

  May 2003

  1-4        American Wetlands Campaign Biennial Conference: Bogs, Playas, and Pools: Protecting
             America's Unique Wetlands.Contact Leah Miller at 301-548-0150 x219; e-mail: awm@iwla.org.

  12-14      AWRA's 2003 Spring Specialty Conference: Agricultural Hydrology and Water Quality, Kansas
             City, MO.  Contact Ramesh Kanwar, Iowa State University, IA. Phone: 515-294-1434; e-mail:

  June 2003
  4        National Source  Water Protection Conference, Washington DC. The theme  of 2003's conference
           is "Protecting the Sources of the Nation's Drinking Water: Opportunities for Action." For more
           information, visit: http://www.epa.gov/safewater/protect/swpconf.html.

  8-11     Eighth National Watershed Conference, Council Bluffs, Iowa. Contact: Tammy Sawatzky,
           National Watershed Coalition, PO Box 7793, Edmond, OK 73083. Call: 405-521-4823. e-mail:
           NWCTammy@aol.com.  Internet: http://www.watershedcoalition.org.

Page 20                                     Watershed Events                                  Spring 2003
  Watershed Summits Bring People Together

  National Watershed Youth Summit
  On October 6-10, 2002, the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) hosted the Youth Watershed Summit on the shore of the
  Chesapeake Bay in Edgewater, Maryland.  The Summit brought together 280 students and teachers from across the country for the
  purpose of engaging youth in the challenges of protecting and restoring the nation's waters. Students and teachers learned about scientific
  and policy issues concerning watershed protection in classroom and field sessions led by state, national, and private sector water quality
  experts. America's Clean Water Foundation and SERC were the primary sponsors of the event, which was cosponsored by ASIWPCA,
  USEPA, USDA, USGS, and NOAA. Student radio spots and photos from the Youth Watershed Summit can be found by clicking the
  button at the top right of the screen at www.yearofcleanwater.org/events/youth.htm.

  Senior Watershed Summit
  An October 2002 conference in Sandy Cove, Maryland, brought together seniors from across the nation to learn about watersheds and
  water quality protection. Participants attended sessions conducted or facilitated by government and private  sector experts in water
  quality. America's Clean Water Foundation and the Environmental Alliance for Senior Involvement cosponsored the event.

  World Watershed Summit
  From October 30 through November 1,2002, more than 250 government, public, and private sector leaders from the United States and a host of
  other nations (England, Scotland, Holland, Japan, Israel, Canada, Germany, and Venezuela among others) came together in Washington, DC, for a
  series of educational, work group, and plenary sessions on technical and policy issues concerning international water resource protection.
  Sessions addressed both urban and rural landscapes and were led by experts in water quality protection from the United Nations, federal
  agencies, state governments, the academic community, and other domestic and foreign organizations. One product of the Summit was a synopsis
  of lessons watershed managers have learned. America's Clean Water Foundation and the Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies
  sponsored the Summit, in collaboration with ASIWPCA, USEPA, USDA, USGS, NOAA, and the United Nations Environment Programme.
  Views expressed in Watershed Events do not necessarily reflect those of EPA. In addition, mention of commercial
  products or publications does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by EPA.
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