(5

-------
Ung ThU Da xung quanh Mi Mat

Ung thu te bao bieu mo la loai pho bien nhat cua
benh ung thif da co tac dpng den mf mat. Trong
phan Idn cac trUdng hdp, cac ton thudng xay ra d
mf mat dudi, nhung chung co the xay ra tai bat ky
ndi nao tren mf mat, d dudi mat, dudi long mi va
cac vung nam gan khudn mat.
                    Benh Thoai Hoa
                         Diem Vang
                         Mat (AMD)
                         AMD la mot can
                         benh tac dpng den
                        diem vang, mot phan
                       cua mat cho phep quy
                  vj tha'y dUdc cac chi tie't cu
the. Nhufng bieu Men cua benh thoai hoa diem
vang 6 mat bao gom tarn thj life bj md, gap khd
khan khi phai nhan biet cac khuon mat, va can
phai co them anh sang khi  doc sach2. Btfc xa mat
trdi ddng mot vai trd trong sU phat trien cua  benh
AMD3.
AMD xay ra 6 hai dang-udt va khd-  va thudng dUdc
phat hien 6 nhufng ngUdi tren 55 tuoi. Da so' cac
trudng hdp d Hoa Ky deu la dang khd, chung phat
trien tCf tCf va hau qua la tarn thj luc  bj md. AMD
dang udt xay ra nhanh hdn va hau qua la mat thj
lUc nang hdn. Benh thoai hoa diem  vang d mat
khdng the chufa khdi. Tuy nhien, chan doan va dieu
trj  sdm se giup lam giam bdt tac dpng cua no,
them mot ly do nufa phai di kham bac sT mat
cua quy vj deu dan.

Benh Dau Mat Han Do Tuyet (Viem
Ket  Giac Mac Do Anh Sang)
Rdi loan tarn thdi va ft nghiem trong nay la hau
qua tCr viec tie'p xuc qua  nhieu vdi cac tia UV
luc d ngoai bai bien hoac ngoai trdi  tuye't. Cac
trieu chiJng bao gom rach,  dau, sung mf mat,
cam giac co cat d trong ddi mat, Id md hoac
giam thj luc. No se tu lanh  lai, ndi chung trong
vdng mot vai ngay.

Bao Ve  Doi  Ma't  Cua  Quy Vj
Ton thudng do tia UV dd'i vdi ddi mat co the
ngan ngCfa. De bao ve ddi mat cua quy vj, hay
deo kfnh ram ngan can dUdc 99-100% cac tia
UV. Kfnh ram co bpc km xung quanh la loai
kfnh bao ve td't nhat cho  ddi mat cua quy vj vl
chung ngan can dUdc cac tia co hai xam nhap tCr
ben hong. Ngoai ra, mot chiec mu rpng vanh cung
gdp phan bao ve mat d mot mufc dp nao do, ngan
can dUdc cac tia UV xam nhap vao ddi mat tCr cac
ben hoac tCf phfa tren kfnh ram.

Nhffng  Tac Dong  Co Hai  Cua

Btfc Xa Tia  UV  Doi Vdi  Da
Benh ung thu da la dang ung thu pho bien nhat d
Hoa Ky4. So' ngUdi dUdc chan doan la mac benh
ung thu da vao nam 2008 da nhieu hdn so' ngUdi
bj ung thu vu, ung thu tuyen tien Net, ung thu phoi
va ung thu rupt cpng lai. Cuf khoang nam ngUdi My
la co mot ngUdi  se bj mac benh ung thu da trong
cupc ddi cua ho. Nhufng benh ung thu da pho bien5
thudng co the dUdc chufa khdi tudng dd'i de dang.
U hac to' ac tfnh la mot loai ung thu da nguy hiem
va khd dieu trj hdn. Tuy nhien, benh  hau nhu ludn
ludn co the chufa khdi dUdc neu dUdc phat hien
sdm va trudc khi no Ian rpng ra cac bp phan khac
cua cd the6. Phat hien sdm khdi u  hac to ac tfnh co
the ciJu dUdc mang sd'ng cua quy vj.
Bufc xa tia UV day manh qua trlnh  san xuat vitamin
D cua cd the, mot sinh to' rat can thie't trong viec
sir dung chat canxi thfch hdp de duy trl xUdng. Khi
cd tuoi, da cua chung ta ft cd kha nang tong hdp
vitamin D va cac qua than cua chung ta ft cd kha
nang chuyen hoa vitamin D thanh  dang hodc-mdn
hoat tfnh cua no.

-------
Lao Hoa  Stfm
Theo thdi gian, tiep xuc vdi cac tia nang mat trdi
lam cho Ian da sam lai, nhan nheo, hlnh thanh cac
cham den va trd nen dai nhu thupc da. Bien phap
bao ve thfch hdp de tranh anh nang mat trdi nham
lam giam thieu nhufng tac dpng nay. Co den 90%
nhufng thay doi nhln thay dadc tren da ma ta thudng
nghT rang la do tuoi tac lai chfnh la do tiep xuc vdi
anh nang mat trdi  gay  ra.


Cac Dau  Hieu  Cua  Benh Ung

Thif Da
Kiem tra toan bp cd the cua quy vj (tCr dinh dau va da
dau den long ban chan cua quy vj)  moi thang mot Ian
bang nhufng chie'c  gi/dng dai va gi/dng tay cam. Ghi
nhan nhufng gl la blnh thudng tren cd the cua quy vj
de tu do quy vj se  nhan bie't difdc bat ky sir thay doi
nao. Hoc Vien Da  Lieu  Hoa Ky co mot sd do ve not
ruoi tren cd the ngudi nham giup cho quy vj de dang
phat Men va chu y den sir thay doi cua cac not ruoi
ma co the do la mot dau hieu quan  trpng.

Hay ghi nhd cac phUdng phap ABODE giup phat hien
ra khd'i u hac to ac tmh bang each kiem tra cac not
ruoi tren cd the cua quy vj. Lien lac vdi ngudi cham
sdc sufc khde cho quy vj ne'u quy vj phat hien ra cac
not ruoi co bat ky nhufng dac diem sau day hoac ne'u
co mot not ruoi thay doi hlnh dang,  ngufa ngay, chay
mau hoac trong khac nan vdi nhufng no't khac.

 A D6l Xffng  mot nCra not ruoi ben nay trong
   khdng gio'ng nhu nifa ben kia.
 DlfQfng Vien   dirdng vien khdng deu, kieu vo
   so hoac khd xac djnh.
 Mail Sac  mau  sac cua no't ruoi cd bie'n doi.
 DlfQfng Kfnh  no't ruoi Idn hdn mot cue gdm
   viet chi
 Si/ Tien H6a  mot not ruoi  hoac cho ton
   thUdng tren da trong khac vdi nhufng not khac
   hoac dang thay doi ve hlnh dang kfch thudc hay
   mau sac.
Ai  Co  Nguy  Ctf?
Sau day la mot so' nhan to' chu yeu giup xac djnh
moi nguy cd bj ton thudng d doi mat hoac da khi
tiep xuc vdi bufc xa tia UV:

 Tat ca moi ngudi, khdng phan biet mau da cua
   ho, deu cd nguy cd bj ton thudng  mat tCr bufc xa
   tia UV.

 Nhufng ngudi cd Ian da trang treo  de bj chay
   nang hoac bj tan nhang, nhufng cap  mat cd mau
   xanh lam hoac xanh luc va cd mai tdc vang hoe
   hay mau do se cd nguy cd mac benh ung thu da
   cao hdn. Dd'i vdi nhufng ngudi cd da sam mau tu
   nhien, khi cac kho'i u hac to' ac tmh phat trien,
   chung thudng xay ra d long ban tay, long ban
   chan  hoac difdi cac mdng tay7.

   Nhufng ngudi cd tien si/ gia dlnh mac benh ung
   thu da hoac nhufng ngudi trong qua khuf da tCfng
   bj chay nang nghiem trpng va nhufng ngudi cd so'
   li/dng Idn cac not ruoi (hdn 50) deu cd nhieu kha
   nang  mac benh  ung thu da. Nhufng ngudi tiep
   xuc vdi anh nang mat trdi tai ndi lam viec nhat
   djnh cung phai than trpng vdi benh ung thu da.

   Mot so' loai thud'c nha't djnh nhu cac thud'c khang
   sinh, cac thud'c chd'ng dj ufng va cac chat pha
   che dadc thao cd tmh chat lam tang tmh nhay
   cam cua da va doi mat dd'i vdi bac xa tia UV.
   Kiem tra vdi ngudi cham sdc sufc khoe cho quy
   vj xem loai thud'c nao ma quy vj dang dung cd
   the tang dp nhay cam dd'i vdi anh nang mat trdi.
Phong  Ngufa
   DCfng de bj chay nang-tiep xuc qua nhieu vdi
   anh nang mat trdi la nhan to mac benh ung thu
   da cd nguy cd cao nha't nhung cd the phdng
   tranh dadc.

   Tim kiem bong ram va gidi nan thdi gian d ngoai
   trdi cua quy vj, dac biet tCr 10:00  gid sang den
   4:00 gid chieu la khoang thdi gian bufc xa tia UV
   manh Net nha't.
    I
    I
    I
    I
    I
    !
    I
    I
Toi  Co Jhe Tim  Hieu
Them  d  Dau?

Ngifcri Cao Mien va Cac Van De
Stfc  Khoe Lien Quan Den Moi
Trifcfng
De An Phuc Vu NgUdi Cao Nien cua
EPA  dang no lac bao ve siJc khoe
cua quy vj cao nien khdi bj cac nguy
hiem ve moi trudng thong  qua cac
bien  phap quan ly va phdng ngCfa cac
tai nan rui ro, giao due va  nghien cufu.
De biet them thong tin ve De An Phuc
Vu NgUdi Cao Nien cua EPA, xin vao
trang mang www.epa.gov/aging
Quy  vj cd the cd dadc cac ban  in cua
td thong tin nay tai:
www.epa.gov/aging/resources/factsheets/
order.htm
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

-------
   Che phu Ian da cang nhieu cang tot vdi mot
   chie'c mu rpng vanh va quan ao dUdc may km
   dao,

   Sfi dung kem chong nang vdi SPF ft nhat la 15
   co tac dung ngan chan cac tia tren tat ca phan
   da bj tiep xuc.

   Kiem tra Chi So UV, mot dU bao hang ngay ve
   so lUdng bufc xa tia UV tiep can  den be mat Trai
   Dat.

   Tranh xa cac phong tarn nang va den cue tfm.
Cac Nguon  Trtf Giup  Them

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Community-Based UV Risk Education: The
SunWise Program Handbook
www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/625r02008/
625r02008.htm
www.epa.gov/sunwise

Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention
Protect Yourself from the Sun
www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic info/howto.htm

National Institutes of Health
The National Cancer Institute
What You Need to Know about Skin Cancer
www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/skin
The National Eye Institute
Cataract
www.nei.nih.gov/health/cataract/
cataract facts.asp
Macular Degeneration
www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/armd
facts.asp

American Academy of Dermatology
Body Mole Map
www.melanomamonday.org/
documents/08 96%20Melanoma%20Monday%20
Mole%20Map.pdf

American Cancer Society
www.cancer.org
or 1-800-ACS-2345 (1-800-227-2345)
Test your Sun Safety IQ
www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_7_lx_
Take the Sun Safety Quiz.asp?sitearea=&level

American  Optometric Association
Sunglasses shopping guide:
www.aoa.org/documents/
SunglassShoppingGuide0805.pdf

Chu Thich
1 National Institutes of Health, National Eye Institute.
  Cataract: www.nei.nih.gov/health/cataract/
  cataract facts.asp
2 U. S. Environmental  Protection Agency. Community-
  Based UV Risk Education: The Sunwise Program
  Handbook,  pp. 36, 37
3 American Optometric Association. Statement on
  Ocular Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards in Sunlight.
  www.aoa.org/Documents/OcularUltraviolet.pdf
4 Centers for  Disease Control and Prevention. Skin
  Cancer.
  www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic info
5 Ibid.
6 American Cancer Society. Skin Cancer Facts.
  www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/
  ped_7_l_What_You_Need_To_Know_About_Skin_
  Cancer.asp?sitearea=&level
7 National Institutes of Health, National Cancer
  Institute, "What You  Need to Know About
  Melanoma: Melanoma: Who's at Risk
  www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/melanoma/
  page?
Vietnamese translation of: Health Effects of
Ultraviolet Radiation
Publication Number EPA 100-F-10-018

-------