United States
Office of the
[Mail Code 1802]
September 2000
 Project XL:  Autoliv ASP,

                                                                                   IN NOVA'II
Project XL, which stands for "excellence and Leadership," is a national initiative that
tests innovative ways of achieving better and more cost-effective public health and
environmental protection. The information and lessons learned from Project XL are
being used to assist the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in redesigning
its current regulatory and policy-setting approaches. Project XL encourages testing of
cleaner, cheaper, and smarter ways to attain environmental results superior to those
achieved under current regulations and policies, in conjunction with greater
accountability to stakeholders. It is vital that each project tests new ideas with the
potential for wide application and broad  environmental benefits. As of September
2000, over thirty pilot experiments are being implemented and several additional
projects are in various stages of development.

Autoliv ASP, Inc. is a manufacturer of automobile safety products. The Promontory,
Utah, facility, located in a remote area of Box Elder County, manufactures pyrotechnic
(explosive) products for use in the air bag industry. During manufacture of these
materials, reactive hazardous wastes are generated. This waste is presently treated
off site at a treatment storage and disposal facility (TSDF) that is permitted to accept
hazardous waste from outside sources and treat it via open burning. Although open
burning is an approved treatment method under the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA), the pollution from open burning cannot be controlled. The
company currently operates a highly  advanced Metals Recovery Facility (MRF)
designed to process and recover  aluminum and  steel from previously-fired air bag
inflators. Autoliv proposes that the technology and pollution control devices used in
the MRF be adapted to process their waste pyrotechnic materials onsite rather than
sending the materials to a TSDF for open burning. Instead of being emitted directly
into the air, the pyrotechnic materials will now be processed at the MRF, where they
will pass through an existing permitted air pollution control system, reducing the
amount of air pollution released to the environment. Autoliv also expects to recover
additional materials, such as copper, from the MRF-processed pyrotechnic materials.
Additionally, Autoliv is committing to  reinvest a percentage of the savings incurred
through this project into additional pollution  prevention activities at their facility. The
type and extent of these activities will be specified after the first year's cost savings are
calculated. This XL project, EPA's 35th, was signed on September 20. 2000.
Through Project XL, Autoliv expects to achieve superior environmental benefits by:
   Eliminating the open burning of 158,000 pounds of pyrotechnic material per year,
    which will in turn eliminate 22,876 pounds per year of particulate emissions;
   Recycling copper and other materials found in the slag of the MRF-processed
    pyrotechnic materials, which then can be sent back to Autoliv's raw material
    suppliers;  and
   Eliminating the risk associated with transporting hazardous pyrotechnic materials
    to an outside processor.

Autoliv seeks regulatory flexibility from RCRA Part B requirements that regulate
hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal. For purposes of this project, EPA
will grant a conditional exemption from the definition of hazardous waste.   Autoliv also
seeks regulatory relief from the Utah Department of Environmental Quality for similar
state  regulations.  In effect, EPA and the state of Utah acknowledge that these
particular pyrotechnic wastes do not need to be regulated as hazardous waste, due to
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                        their low potential risks and treatment in an industrial furnace rather than an open
                        burning/open detonation (OB/OD) unit. With this flexibility, Autoliv can safely and
                        effectively dispose of their pyrotechnic material in the MRF while reducing emissions
                        and pollutants to the environment.
Both local and regional stakeholders have expressed support for this project. They
see this as a unique opportunity to improve the air quality in Box Elder County and
surrounding communities. Participation in Project XL provides Autoliv.  Box Elder
County, the Utah Division of Environmental Quality, and EPA with the opportunity to
explore new ways of improving  environmental qualities. Stakeholders have been
informed of Autoliv's intentions and the environmental benefits associated with this XL
project. Autoliv will continue to provide the stakeholder group with information
regarding the  project,  including semi-annual project updates,  and will encourage them
to meet on a regular basis.
   Will Autoliv's proposed new system have wider applicability as an alternative
    treatment approach for air bag manufacturing waste streams?

   Will treating certain types of waste onsite provide clear benefits to the
EPA Region 8:
EPA  Headquarters:
Autoliv ASP,  Inc.:
Mary Byrne
Ted Cochin
Brad Theurer
Brad Moulding
(303)  312.6491
(202) 260-0880
(435)  471-3274
More information about the Autoliv ASP, Inc. XL Project, or the Project XL Program, is
available on the Internet at http://www.epa.flov/aroieGtxl. under "Information on Specific
XL  Projects,"  or via Project XL's Information Line at
(202) 260-5754.
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