HTO  BaM  nyyKHO
                                            06    OTpaBTICHHH
                                                 CBHHIJOM
    HecMorpa na TO ITO B 1970-e rojjbi 6bmH
    saKOHbi, RJIX Toro HH ocosnajiH onacnocxb
CBJiHija H ero orpaBJifliomero BosaeflcTBHa, oipaBJieHHfl
CBHHIJOM cpejjH ftexeft npe/jcraBJiflioT co6oit npo6neMy
sppaBooxpaHCHHfl H OKpyacaromeli cpejjbi, Koropaa ocxaercfl
pacnpocTpaneHHOH B CoejjHHeHHbix HIxaTax, HO
KOTOpyro BCC ace Moacno npeflOTBpaTHTb. IIoHHMafl,
         H ycxpaHHH HCTOIHHKH CBMHija 6esonacHbiMH
         , MM o6ecneiHBaeM sjjopoBbe aexell na /jonrae
roji,bi H npeji,OTBpamaeM ero BpejjHoe H neo6paTHMoe
BOSftCHCTBHe.

HTO raKoe oxpaBJieHHe CBHHIJOM?
  CBHHeU, - 3TO TOKCHHHtlH MeTlLJUI, KOTOptlH HCnO/[t3yeTCfl B
pa3Hoo6pa3Htix H3fle/iHflx H MaTepna/iax, B TOM Hire/re B KpacKe,
BHHJMOBtrx MHHH-aca/iKi3H, Tpy6ax, CBHHIIOBOM xpycTa/ie, nocyfle
H noxptiTHflx KepaMHKH. HpH nonaflaHHH B opraHHSM CBHHeij;
Moxei npiiHHHHTt ceptesHHH spefl acH3H6HHO BaacHtiM opraHaM,
HanpHMep: Moary, noHKaM, HepBHoil CHCTeMe, K/ieTKaM KpoBH.
OTpas/ieHHe CBHHIIOM oco6eHHO nary6HO fl/ia fleTeil B BoapacTe
flo uiecTH net.

KaK oxpaBJieHHe CBHHII.OM BUHaex na 3ji,opoBbe ftereH?
  CBHHeij; OKaatiBaeT BpeflHoe smiamie Ha paaBHTiie H pa6oTy
noiTH Bcex opraHOB, B oco6eHHOCTH noneK, KpacHtK KpoBflHtK
lenev, H ijeHTpa/itHOH HepBHoil CHCTeMti.

OTpas/ieHHe CBHHIIOM HMeeT HaMHoro 6o/iee cepteaHbie
noc/ieflCTBHH, Korfla BoafleiicTBHio CBHHila noflsepraKiTCfl fleTH.
nocKO/n>Ky HX opraHH3M em;e He no/iHOCTtKi paaBHi, OTpas/ieHHe
CBHH1[OM MO3C6T BtBBaTt y HHX:
 > IIoBpe)KfleHHe Mosra, nelieHH H noieK.
 ^ 3aflep>KKy pasBHTHH.
 > IIpo67ieMbi B yie6e H noBefleHHH.
 > CHHJKeHHe ypOBHH HHTeTLieKTa (IQ).
 > IIoTepio CTiyxa.
 ^ BecnoKoilcTBO.
                                                         KaKOBbi npHsnaKH oxpaBneHHa CBHHII.OM?
                                                            6cMKUIHHCTBa fleT6H, OTpaBHBHIHXCfl CBHH1[OM, HHKaKHe BH6HIHHe
                                                         npH3HaKH OTpaB/ieHHfl He npoflB/iflioTCfl flo Tex nop, noKa yposeHt
                                                         CBHHl[a B KpOBH H6 CTaH6T C/IHHIKOM BHCOKJ C/[eflOBaTe/[tHO,
                                                         MHorne oiynaH OTpaB/ieHHfl CBHHII;OM y fleTeil ocxaioTCfl He
                                                         BHflB/ieHHHMH H H6 /KHaTCfl. OflHaKO MOaCHO JKZSaTb HeKOTOptK
                                                         CHMHTOMH:
                                                          ^ FoTIOBHbie 6O7DI.
                                       > TouiHora
                                       > YcraTiocTb.
                                       ^ Pa3flpa>KHTe7IbHOCTb.
                                         TaK KaK npH3HaKH OTpaB/ieHHfl CBHHII;OM noxoacH Ha CHMHTOMH
                                       npH 4>/iKice uroi BHpycntix 3a6o/ieBaHHflx, eflHHCTBeHHHil cnoco6
                                           t, OTpaBH/icH mi pe6enoK CBHHII;OM, - STO nonpocHTt spana
                                             npocxoJt ana/ora KpoBH.
                                       Ana/IH3 KpOBH!  EflHHCTBeHHHH CHOCO6 BtlflBHTt OTpaB/ieHHe
                                       CBHH1[OM - 3TO Cfle/iaTt HpOCTOH aHa/[H3 KpOBH. OpraHHSM fleTeJl
                                       B BoapacTe OT HiecTH MecfliteB flo flfiyx aeT noraomaeT 6om,me
                                       CBHHi[a. TaKHM o6pa3OM, fl/ifl HX 3flopoBtfl fle/iaTB ana/EH3 oco6eHHO
                                       BaacHO. Ho H BCBM fleraM B BospacTe flo HiecTH /KT c/ieflyeT fle/iaTt
                                       anajiH3 na coflepacanne CBHHita B KpoBH B fleTCKoil noaHKUHHHKe
                                       HUH B ynpeacfleHHH sflpaBooxpaneHHfl, flaace earn HBT oneEHflHtix
                                       npH3HaKOB HapynieHHfl sflopoBta.

                                       KaKOBbi OCHOBHblC HCTO1HHKH CBHHII,a?
                                         OnacHtie HCTOHHHKH CBHHita Moacno o6napyacHTt B paantix
                                       Meciax KaK BHyTpn flOMa, TaK H cnapyacn:
                                       t CTapaa KpacKa: KpacKa na ocHose CBHHila, KOTOpaa name
                                          Bcero Hcno/H>3OBajraci) B ^OMax, nocTpoeHHtrx flo 1978
                                          rofla, npeflCTas/ifleT onacHOCTt, Korfla OHa OTC/iaHBaeicfl,
                                          OTKa/itiBaeTCfl, TpecKaeTca IMH BtmseTaeT. HocKO/itKy
                                          Ma/ieHtKHe fleTH nacTO cyKT B poT na/itiiti H paaHtie npeflMeTti,
                                          OHH MOiyT npOraOTHTt CBHHIIOByiO ntUIt HRll KyCOHKH KpaCKH.
                                       > CsHHiioBafl nti/Eb: 3Ta BpeflHaa HeBHflHMaa ntuit o6pa3yeTCfl,
                                          Korfla OKHa, flfiepH, Kpaa CTyneneK, nepn/ia JMH flpyrne
                                          noBepxHOCTH, OKpameHHtie KpacKoil Ha ocnoBe CBHHita,
                                          H3HaniHBaK)TCfl OT nocTOHHHoro TpeHHfl, HanpHMep npn
                                          OTKptiTHH urai saKptiTHH OKOH H flsepeH. fleTH name Bcero
                                          OTpaB/IflKlTCfl CBHH1[OM, HOIVIOmafl CBHHl[OByKI HtUb, KOFfla
                                          OHH HTO-TO 6epyT pyKaMH H CyKT B pOT. BfltlXafl CBHHl[OByKl
                                          ntuit B 6o/itHioM KoaHHecTBe, 6epeMeHHtie acenmHHH Moryi
                                          nepeflaTt CBHHeii; CBOHM em;e He poflHBHiHMCfl fleTHM, nan oca
                                          HM ceptesHHH spefl.
                                       ^ BaacHo: CBHHi[OBafl ntuit MoaceT pacnpocTpaHflTtca no flOMy,
                                          Korfla CTeHti mai flpyrne OKpameHHtie nosepxHOCTH HHCTHT,
                                          Hi/tHcjjyKiT linn paapymaioT. ToatKO cnei[Ha/[tHO o6yneHHHe
                                          cnei[Ha/[HCTH HO/DKHH yftajiflTt ciapyK) KpacKy B flOMe
                                          6e3onacHtiMH
Awareness
Program
                                     3a 6o7iee noflpo6Hoit HH4)opMa^HeH 06 OTpasneHKH CBHH^OM
                                  o6pamaftTecb na caftT EPA's Web no anpecy www.epa.govAead HJIH
                                SBOHHTC B HauHOHanfaHHH ^eHTp HHCpopiviauHH o CBHH^e (The National
                                  Lead Information Center) no Teae^ony 1-800-424-LEAD (5323).

-------
 HTO BaM  Hy)KHO snaxb o CBHHije HTO BaM  ny>KHO snaxb o  c:
  M Hy>KHO  snaxb  o  CBHHu,e  HTO  BaM ny)KHO  snaxb  o CBHHije
TO  BaM Hy>KHO  SHaxb  o  CBHHu,e  HTO  BaM nyyKHO  snaxb  o  CBH
               a: HoHBa BOKpyr flOMa Moacei 6i>irt sarpflSHena KpacKoil
           na ocHose CBHHua, Koiopaa OTC/iaHBaeTCfl HUH OTKa/itiBaeTCfl
           OT napyacHtix HacTeit nocTpoeK. Hrpaa Ha yrnine, oco6eHHO
           nenocpeflCTBeHHO Ha seivuie, fleTH MOIJT cnyHaHHO nporaoTHTt
           3arpfl3HeHHyK3 noHBy iimi npHHecTH ee Ha 6oTHHKax flOMoil,
           OCTaBHB Ha KOBpOBtlX HOKptlTHflX H HO/iaX, Tfle 3aT6M OHH
           MOryT KOHTaKTHpOBaTt C H6H.
         ^ HHTbeBafl BOfla: CBHHHOBtie Tpy6ti, ycTanaB/iHBaBHiHecfl
           B flOMax flo 1930 rofla, CKOpee scero coflepacaT cBHHeii;,
           nonaflaiomHH B nHTtesyKi Bony, KoxopaH xeiex no CTaptiM
           Tpy6aM. Y fleTeil, He OTpas/ieHHtix CBHHHOM, OT 10 flo 20
           npoueHTOB o6m;ero KoaHiecTBa KOHTaKTOB co CBHHHOM
           npoHcxoflHT nepes nHTtesyKi BOfly.
         > riHma: CBHHeii; MoaceT npoHHKaTt B mimy H nanHTKH, KOTOptie
           XpaHflTCfl B HMHOpTHOH KepaMHHeCKOH HOCyfle.

         flpyrne HCTOIHHKH CBHHii,a:
         > Bo3fleilcTBHe na pa6oneM MecTe: PoflHTe/iH, KOTOptie pa6oTaroi
           Ha npOHSBOflCTBe, CBflSaHHOM CO CBHHHOM (Ma/[flpHHe
           pa6oTti, aBTOMo6H/itHafl HHflycTpHfl, nepepa6oTKa OTXOHOB),
           H/m Hcno/it3yKiT CBHHeii; B CBoeM xo66n (nanpHMep, fl/ifl
           HaroTOB/reHHfl i[BeTHtrx BHTpaaceil).
         > floManiiiHe /reicapcTBeHHtie cpeflCTBa: CpeflCTBa Azarcon, greta, H/m
           pay-loo-ah.
         > KocMeTHKa: TeHH jsflR BBK H KOHTypntie KapanflaniH.

         KaK npeflOTBpaTHTb orpaBneHHe CBHHII.OM?
           HocKO/itKy cnoco6ti /teneHHfl OTpaB/ieHHfl CBHHII;OM orpaHHieHti,
         /ryiHie npeflOTBpaTHTt OTpas/ieHHe, He flas eMy npoH3OHTH.
         OTpas/ieHHe CBHHII;OM Moacno npeflOTBpaTHTt:
         > HpaBH/itHtiM HHTaHHeM: flasaTt fleraM nnmy c BHCOKHM
           coflepacanneM ace/reaa (flHita, Bapentie 6o6ti, MHCO 6apaHHHti mm
           roBflflHHti), Ka/ibitHfl (ctip, HorypT, Bapentie OBOHJ;H ae/tenoro
           i[BeTa) H BHTaMHHa C (i[HTpycoBHe, c/iaflKHH neperi;, noMHflopti).
           iloipe6/[eHHe STHX nHTaie/itHtix BeineciB B flocTaTOHHLix
           KO/iHiecTBax CHHacaeT npoHHKHOBeHHe CBHHila B opraHH3M
           pe6eHKa.
         > HpaBH/itHtiM BeflenneM floMamnero xoaflilcTBa: HpHBHEaTt
           H HpaKTHKOBaTt 3flOpOBH6 HpHBHHKH B flOMaHIHeM o6HXOfl6,
           nanpHMep: MHTL pyKH nepe^ efloil H CHOM, y6HpaTL o6yBt,
           MtiTt fleicKHe nrpyniKH H flpyrne npeflMeTti, KOTOptie MOIJT
           nonacTt B poi, noKynaTi, MHHH-aca/iKi3H, He coflepacainne
           CBHHita, fle/iaTt B/taacnyio y6opicy H npocyuiKy no/ia H flpyrnx
           noBepxHOCTeil. HaHHMaTt  cnei[Ha/[HCTOB, HMeKintHX cepTH(J)HKaT,
           fl/ifl yfla/ieHHfl H3 flOMa HCTOHHHKOB CBHHita. CaeflHTt, HTo6ti
           fleTH H 6epeMeHHtie acenntHHti ne naxoflH/iHct B HOMB BO BpeMfl
           peMOHTa.
         > Co6/nofleHH6M /EHHHOH rHrneHti: HacTO MHTL pyKH ce6e H fleiflM,
           oco6eHHO nepefl efloil H CHOM.
                                                 noflpo6Hoft HH4>opMa^HeH 06 OTpasnenHH
                         Awareness    o6pamaHTecB na caftT EPA's Web no anpecy www.epa.govAead HRU
                                     SBOHHTC B HauHOHanbHbiH ^eHTp HH(popMa^HH o CBHHUC (The National
                                       Lead Information Center) no TCJiecpony 1-800-424-LEAD (5323).

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