Cape   Tear
River
                                    NC
   WHY IS THIS WATERSHED SPECIAL?

   The Cape Fear River watershed, North Carolina's
   largest, includes 23 percent of the state's land area and
   many of the state's most actively growing urban areas.
   Home to 27 percent of the state's population, the area
   supports jobs in a variety of industries, including both
   manufacturing and agriculture. Almost 300 point source
   dischargers share the basin with more than five million
   head of swine. Growth rates currently exceed the
   statewide average and water usage within the basin is
   expected to increase nearly 95 percent by 2020.


   ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES

    Twenty percent of the basin's waters are impaired.

    Jordan Lake experiences eutrophication due to
     nutrient enrichment. Excess nutrients are also a
     concern all along the river and may contribute to
     the low dissolved oxygen in the estuary.

    Continued economic growth can potentially cause a
     variety of problems associated with urban and
     suburban development, such as erosion and nonpoint
     source pollution. Accordingly, communities are
     challenged with striking a balance between
     strengthening  stormwater management requirements
     and supporting economically beneficial growth.
                                                 A farmer discusses a new animal waste management system that will help reduce
                                                 nutrient runoff. (Bob Nichols)

                                                  RESTORATION ACTIVITIES

                                                  The Cape Fear River Assembly will launch a water
                                                  quality trading program in the Jordan Lake watershed
                                                  of the Upper Cape Fear River Basin. Specifically,
                                                  they will:

                                                    Design a trading program that will identify pollution
                                                    control responsibilities, control options, types of
                                                    management practices that should be considered for
                                                    defining credits, and protocols for debiting and
                                                    crediting transactions

                                                    Examine combining traditional land management
                                                    practices with nonstructural management practices,
                                                    such as land banking, riparian buffers, and wetland
                                                    restoration

                                                    Create economic incentives for developers to adopt
                                                    conservation development techniques such as low
                                                    impact development, clustering, and other
                                                    approaches that preserve open space and provide
                                                    more permeable surfaces
EPA's TARGETED WATERSHEDS GRANTS

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 A STRONG PARTNERSHIP
  FOR CHANGE

  Formed in 1 973, the Cape Fear River Assembly is a
  nonprofit organization governed by a 39-member
  board of directors with equal representation from
  industry, agriculture, public utilities, elected officials,
  and environmental and conservation interests. They are
 further supported in this project by six organizations:

    Upper Cape Fear River Basin Association
    Middle Cape Fear River Basin Association
    Sampson County Friends of Agriculture
    Fayetteville Public Works Commission
    Yarborough Law Firm
    Lower Cape Fear River Program
Morth Catollna
                                                     unset at the entrance to the Cape Fear River.
                                                     "apt. Albert E. Theberge, NOAA Corps (Ret.)
"Watersheds are waters shared, a shared resource and a shared responsibility.
Accordingly, this resource can be best managed as a team effort. If the rivers were the
circulatory system in the body called North Carolina, then the Cape Fear River system
would be the coronary artery."


- Don Freeman, Cape Fear River Assembly
                                                                                            www.epa .gov/twg

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