The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), Green Project Reserve of 2009, through the Clean Water State
                     Revolving Fund, provided funding for a wide variety of qualifying projects in the categories of: green infrastructure, energy
iu  efficiency, water efficiency, and other innovative projects. For more information on projects that have been funded by the
   Green Project Reserve and for additional details, visit www.epa.gov/ow/eparecovery.
                                  Increasing  Energy  Efficiency
                                            through  ARRA Funding:
              New  York  State Wastewater  Initiatives

                   Known as the Green Project Reserve (GPR), at least 20% of each State's total ARRA
                   capitalization grant was required to fund a wide variety of qualifying projects in
                   the categories of green infrastructure, energy efficiency, water efficiency, and  other
                   innovative projects.
 New York State's
wastewater projects
 will save over 30.2
 million kWh/year.
Since the enactment of the American Recovery
and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) in 2009, New
York State (New York) has had great success in
funding innovative, energy-efficient projects as
part of the ARRA Green Project Reserve due to
two major factors:

  • An existing collaboration with the
   New York State Energy Research
   and Development Authority (NYSERDA)
   to achieve greater energy savings in
   the wastewater sector; and
  • The creation of the Green Innovation
   Grant Program.

This case study highlights New York's many
energy-efficient, ARRA-funded activities and
achievements at wastewater facilities
throughout the state.
      New York State
      Environmental Facilities Corporation

Case Study
Through the Clean Water State Revolving Fund
(CWSRF), New York financed critical upgrades
to wastewater and stormwater infrastructure
with the goal of protecting and enhancing
water quality across the state. The energy
conservation measures financed will improve
operations at wastewater treatment systems
and other facilities, while achieving other
benefits, including:
   •  Maximizing energy use through
      conservation and efficiency;
      Using or producing renewable energy;
   •  Mitigating greenhouse gas impacts; and
      In  many cases, saving on energy costs.
                          Energy-saving measures used in many ARRA-
                          fmanced projects include:
                                Improved aeration processes
                             •  Solar power generation
                                Reed bed sludge treatment
                             •  Gravity belt sludge thickeners
                                Premium efficiency motors and variable
                                frequency drives
                                Low pressure/high output lamp
                                technology for ultraviolet disinfection
                                Efficient insulation and lighting that
                                exceeds building codes
                             •  Combined heat and power, including
                                alternative fuel use and anaerobic
New York's ARRA allotment for the CWSRF
was $432 million—$86.4 million of which was
reserved to meet its 20% federal goal for GPR.
Instead, over $157 million, or 36%, of New York's
ARRA funds qualified as GPR, with $108 million
related to energy efficiency projects.

New York funded 80 wastewater projects under
ARRA—46 of which were principally energy
efficiency projects. In addition, there were
                          several environmentally innovative projects
                          which included energy-related components.
                          These projects will save or generate over 30.2
                          million kilowatt hours per year (kWh/yr) when
                          compared to baseline practices.
Energy Efficiency Measures
Annual kWh Avoided,
 Saved, or Generated
    Per Year*
Green Power
Water Energy
Grant Program

Westchester County for
Village of Greenport
Cayuga County Soil and
Water Conservation
Treatment District
Albany County Sewer
Dissolved oxygen controls, variable-speed
drive pumps (VFDs), and improved activated
sludge process
Innovative, energy-efficient technology to address
nitrogen limit and high efficiency UVdisinfection
technology to address chlorine limits
Energy-efficient upgrades to premium pumps
and VFDs, aeration, sludge processing,
and building lighting
Anaerobic digester will process local manure
and agricultural and food waste, biogas/methane
generation, and a combined heat
and power (CHP) plant
CHP project treating sewage sludge and high-
strength industrial food processing wastewater
in an anaerobic digester to generate biogas/
methane, and utilize waste heat
CHP system to capture flue gas waste heat
and produce electricity from the existing
sludge incinerator
Biogas powered CHP, effluent powered heat pumps,
solar units, and energy-efficient lighting
3,993,1 73 kWh
1, 467,963 kWh
636,557 kWh
5,475,000 kWh
3,400,000 kWh
3,300,000 kWh
350,000 kWh
Biogas/ CHP
Biogas/ CHP
Solar Power**

   Case Study
The collaboration between NYSERDA and
the New York State Environmental Facilities
Corporation (EFC) enabled New York to apply
$92 million of the total $157 million allotment
toward GPR in energy-efficient projects that will
result in an estimated annual energy savings of
16.1 million kWh.

EFC administers the CWSRF in conjunction
with the New York State Department of
Environmental Conservation (DEC). NYSERDA
houses a variety of energy-related programs
including the FlexTech and Smart Focus
programs, which facilitate energy evaluations
and improvements by qualified energy
engineering firms that have experience in
the wastewater sector.

Since 2007, EFC and NYSERDA have been
working together to identify ways to promote
energy efficiency throughout the state's
wastewater infrastructure. In 2009, EFC and
NYSERDA established the Wastewater Efficiency
Program (WEP), which is jointly administered.
This program provides dedicated funding for
energy analysis and focused coordination
between the agencies for wastewater treatment
facilities. The agencies worked together to
identify the best use of state and federal funds
to efficiently achieve multiple goals.

Early in 2009, EFC reviewed projects previously
listed on the annual Intended Use Plan (IUP)
for "shovel-readiness"under ARRA. EFC and
NYSERDA identified which projects could
benefit from an energy evaluation, then
identified and contacted 25 communities to
assess their desire to participate in the FlexTech
Program. With $720,000 in funds from New
York's proceeds from the Regional Greenhouse
Gas Initiative (RGGI), NYSERDA coordinated
energy analyses that were conducted at no cost
to the municipalities.

For each project, NYSERDA's FlexTech and
Smart Focus contractors analyzed potential
energy efficiency improvements at each facility
and developed FlexTech reports and Energy
Efficiency Summary Memorandums which were
provided to EPA for approval as the business
case for GPR eligibility. EFC administered the
CWSRF ARRA funding for the projects.

As a result of this collaboration, NYSERDA
established the Baseline Standard Practices, a
tool for establishing greater energy efficiency
at wastewater facilities. Prior to 2009, energy
baselines were not available for specific
treatment processes, making it difficult for
communities to choose potential energy-
conserving measures that would meet
wastewater treatment goals. The new Baseline
Standard Practices provide a comparison of
technology or equipment necessary to achieve
specific wastewater treatment performance
criteria based upon cost.

More information on each project's Energy
Efficiency Summary Memo can be found at

  Case Study
 The Green Innovation
    Grant Program
   received the EPA's
     2009 PISCES
  Award, recognizing
    its commitment
     to innovative,
   sustainable water
   quality financing.

       OF GPR IN
      NEW YORK
In addition to serving traditional projects
already on the IUP, EFC wanted to spark
initiative to promote more green and
innovative projects in New York. Approximately
10% of New York's CWSRF ARRA funds were set
aside for a new grant program, called the Green
Innovation Grant Program or GIGP. Creating
this new program allowed shovel-ready, green,
CWSRF and GPR eligible projects that were not
initially listed on the IUP to access ARRA funds.

Creation of the GIGP provided an
unprecedented opportunity to assist projects
to simultaneously protect water quality,
conserve energy resources, and reduce
greenhouse gas  impact. The program was
developed and implemented within the ARRA
time frames. NYSERDA staff assisted with the
review of energy-related GIGP applications.
As with all GPR projects, EPA business case
documentation was required, and existing
engineering reports and design specifications
were used as the basis for EPA approval.

The response to the GIGP solicitation was
overwhelming, with 161 applications received,
totaling $282 million in requests for CWSRF/
ARRA funds. Ultimately,  $38 million in grants
were provided to 35 GIGP CWSRF projects
with up to 90% funding. Sixteen of these were
GPR energy efficiency projects and four were
environmental innovation  projects. Combined,
these 20 projects provided an estimated
13.6 million kWh in avoided electrical use
or generation.

The energy efficiency projects financed through
the GIGP were components of wastewater
treatment plant upgrades. Energy savings and
generation at these facilities range from 11,000
kWh/year for a solar power project, which will
provide 7% of electricity on-site, to 3.3 million
kWh/year for a combined heat and power project.
In addition, three environmentally innovative
projects used potential sources of water pollution
(e.g., sewage sludge, yellow grease, and animal
manure) as sources of heat and power.

One such project is an anaerobic digester to
convert animal manure—which is a common
non-point source of water quality impacts—
and industrial food processing waste into
energy.The project sponsor, Cayuga County
Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD), is
not a traditional CWSRF applicant. As  the SWCD
does not have borrowing capacity, it could
not obtain a CWSRF loan in New York. Prior to
implementation of the GIGP grants, this project
could not have been funded in New York.
Yet this project will protect water quality by
removing a non-point source of pollution while
at the same time creating renewable energy
and providing power to the neighboring
industrial park.This innovative project is
anticipated to realize the highest energy
benefit of all of the NYS CWSRF projects
funded by ARRA, with 5.475 million kWh
generated per year.

The GIGP received the U.S. EPA's 2009
PISCES Award, which  recognizes projects
that exemplify the CWSRF's commitment to
innovative, sustainable water quality financing
for the performance and innovation.
In concert with the EPA/DOT/HUD Sustainable
Communities Partnership Pilot Program, EFC
is reviewing the CWSRF program to further
encourage energy efficiency in the wastewater
sector as well as to meet other cross-cutting
sustainability goals including smart growth,
water efficiency, green infrastructure, and asset
management. EFC will continue on both paths
of collaboration with NYSERDA and innovation
through the GIGP.

For additional information, contact Deidrea
Miller, Assistant Director of Communications
for the New York State Environmental Facilities
Corporation, at (800) 882-9721.