United States
Environmental Protection
Solid Waste
and Emergency Response
August 2000
WasteWise Sixth-Year
Progress Report


Waste Reduction Results 	2
Waste Wise Membership & Program Accomplishments	8
2000 Waste Wise Award Winners .                                .12

            "ince the inception of the WasteWise pro-

            gram, partners have consistently report-

            ed strong waste prevention and recycling

collection results, in many cases surpassing previous

years' waste reduction figures.


         n the first six years of the Waste Wise program, part-
         ners have removed more than 35 million tons of waste
         from the solid waste stream through waste prevention
and recycling activities. In 1999, partners reduced 9 million
tons of waste through these activities, surpassing 1998 waste
reduction results by  15 percent.
  These impressive numbers are based on the reports partners
voluntarily provide each year. To some extent, these results
understate partners'  waste reduction activities. For example,
some do not include results from ongoing waste reduction inno-
vations that were implemented and reported in previous years.
                       dK "Prviccif
     ^^    4 ost people know that waste reduction conserves nat-
      l\ /I  ural resources and has positive economic benefits. A
  \^  Y ^ lesser known impact is that reducing waste lowers
atmospheric  greenhouse gas emissions by decreasing fossil fuel con-
sumption, minimizing methane emissions, and allowing vegetation
to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. In 1999, partners'
waste reduction activities were estimated to yield reductions of more
than 6.5 million metric  tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE), the
standard unit of measure for greenhouse gas emissions.
  Through practical and effective waste reduction activities,
WasteWise partners have prevented the emission of 25 million
MTCE since 1994 — the equivalent of removing 19 million cars
from the road for one year. Anheuser-Busch Companies made the
    Overall Waste Reduction
        (in million tons)




  1994 1995  1996 1997  1998 1999
                                                                      Greenhouse Gas Reductions
                                                                        (in million metric tons
                                                                         of carbon equivalent)

  1994  1995  1996  1997  1998  1999

greatest contribution to the WasteWise greenhouse gas reduction total in 1999.
McDonald's and Louisiana-Pacific also made outstanding contributions to reduc-
ing greenhouse gas emissions.
  EPA developed the Waste Reduction Model (WARM), to help organizations esti-
mate greenhouse gas reductions from their waste reduction activities. WasteWise pro-
vides WARM conversions for each reporting partner, enabling them to visualize the
impact of their waste reduction activities. For more information about WARM, visit
       Through waste prevention activities, organizations are drastically reduc-
    ing the amount of waste they annually produce, as well as saving money,
    time, and resources.
       •   Allchem Services, Inc., repaired and reused 6.5 tons of pallets, skids,
          and totes, saving $3,000. The company also reused 200 pounds of
          plastic packaging materials as filler for outgoing shipments.
       •   Bell Atlantic expanded the use of electronic purchasing orders and
          invoices, reducing nearly 29 tons of paper and saving more than
       •   Guardian Industries Ligonier, Indiana Facility laundered and
          reused gloves and wiping clothes, reducing waste by more than six
          tons and saving the company nearly $30,000.
       •   King County Department of Natural Resources, located in
          Washington, recently moved into new offices furnished with 80 tons
          of refurbished carpet tiles. The agency also received more than $9,000
          in rebates for returning used shipping boxes to the moving company.

    WasteWise stresses to partners the
  importance of waste prevention-
  activities that eliminate waste before
  recycling, such as refurbishing prod-
  ucts for reuse  or onsite composting.
  Since EPA launched the WasteWise
  program 6 years ago, partners have
  prevented the generation of more
  than 3 million tons of waste.
            Waste Prevention
                (in tons)
1,000,000 r-
  WasteWise partners' most frequently targeted items
for waste prevention activities in 1999 included:
Office supplies
   •  Repairing, refurbishing, or reconditioning used
   •  Expanding electronic networks, including e-mail,
     Intranet, and electronic routing of documents.
Manufactured products
   •  Improving manufacturing processes to reduce
     raw material waste.
   •  Displacing virgin materials.
Manufacturing equipment or supplies
   •  Reducing material consumption during the man-
     ufacturing process.
Transport packaging
   •  Switching from disposable to reusable products.
   •  Participating in packaging return programs.
Construction and  demolition materials
   •  Deconstructing buildings and salvaging materials
     for reuse.
   •  Establishing donation programs for reusable
        1994  1995  1996 1997  1998 1999

  In 1999, Waste Wise partners' waste prevention activities removed 583,000 tons
of material from the solid waste stream. These results fall slightly below the waste
prevention data for 1998, indicating that some reporting partners have at least tem-
porarily reached the limits of their current waste prevention activities. As new part-
ners begin to report and veteran partners update WasteWise goals to further
enhance their waste reduction programs, we hope to see increases in waste preven-
tion figures.
lin. Cdlltctim Soars
  Recycling collection figures
increased 1.2  million tons over
1998 results,  bringing the total
amount of materials collected by
WasteWise partners to 8 .4 million
tons in 1999. This boost in recy-
cling figures represents a 17 percent
increase in 1999 compared with a 6
percent increase in 1998. Moreover,
partners saved more than $300 mil-
lion in avoided disposal fees in
19991  by participating in recycling
collection  activities. Throughout
the duration of the program, recy-
cling collection  has continuously
risen, totaling more than 32 million
tons since  the program's inception.
                                Top Materials
                                  In 1999, the following materials
                                constituted the bulk of partners'
                                recycling activities:
                                  • Wood
                                  •  Corrugated cardboard
                                  • Aluminum
                                  • Mixed paper
                                  • Steel
1 Disposal fees based on an average 1999 tipping fee of $35.57. Source: Eiocycle. April 2000.

            Recycling Collection
                  (in tons)
                                           WasteWise partners reported purchases
                                         of 962,330 tons of recycled-content prod-
                                         ucts in 1999, doubling the amount pur-
                                         chased in 1998. Many partners purchased
                                         products that contained a higher percent-
                                         age of recycled materials than their previ-
                                         ous purchases while others incorporated a
                                         greater number of recycled-content prod-
                                         ucts into their purchasing programs. The
                                         State of Ohio, for instance, spent more
                                         than $2 million on recycled-content prod-
                                         ucts in 1999, which is 54 percent greater
                                         than its 1998 purchases. Together,
WasteWise partners reported spending $4.9 billion on recycled-content products in
1999. Manufacturers concentrated on ways to use recycled materials in their products
or to increase existing levels of recycled materials. Bethlehem Steel incorporated
36,500 tons of recycled steel and nonferrous metals into manufacturing processes,
saving the company more than $1.8 million in 1999.
        1994 1995  1996  1997 1998  1999

                   asteWise grew to more than 1,000

                   partners in the yectr 2000.  Since

                   the program^ inception, our part-

ners have removed more than 35 million tons of waste

from the solid waste stream, enabling them to save money

and conserve natural resources.

                                  its 1000-tk,

   /4r^\ ver the past 6 years, membership has grown by leaps
        1 and bounds, encompassing more than 50 industry
   \^/  sectors across the country. In 1994, WasteWise
inducted 281 charter members into the program. Today, these
program pioneers are joined by organizations that have commit-
ted themselves to conserving our natural environment  through
waste reduction.  To support program partners, the WasteWise
team provides personalized technical assistance, innovative pub-
lications, networking opportunities, cutting-edge resources, and
recognition for outstanding accomplishments.
ZRwrell Corf, recycled more
than 14,500 tons of textiles,
3,850 tons of corrugated card-
board, nearly 1,000 tons of
paper, and more than 500 tons
of additional materials, includ-
ing wood, plastics, aluminum,
and oil, in 1999.
  WasteWise also responded to partner comments provided
through the 1999 Customer Satisfaction survey and the Partner
Roundtable by creating the WasteWise E-Club, increasing the
amount of personal interaction with partners, and updating the
marketing strategic plan. The need to provide easy access to
useful waste reduction information drove WasteWise to begin
developing an online technical assistance database, which will
allow users to locate answers to waste-related questions by
searching an extensive list of organizations, publications, and
Web sites.
  Other 1999 WasteWise initiatives included:
                 •  WasteWise introduced the E-Club, an initiative designed to prevent waste by noti-
                    fying partners of the availability of recent publications on the WasteWise Web site
                    via e-mail, rather than mailing hard copies.
                      'WtutcWise yartnerr J^ecatcd-Slcrsss tkc Country
                      Businesses, institutions, and governments from all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico
                      participate in the WasteWise program.
                         0 to 5 partners
                                         to 20 partners
              21 to 35 partners
more than 35 partners

'W&fttWist Sfetk- tar '3'ni/rtss
   WasteWise provided practical waste reduction informa-
   tion to partners through our publications, including the
   bimonthly WasteWise Bulletin, semiannual WasteWise
    Update, WasteWise Toolkit, and other publications.
   WasteWise honored 13 Partners of the Year and 20
   Program Champions for their outstanding waste reduc-
   tion achievements at the 1999 Awards and Recognition
   Ceremony. WasteWise representatives and senior EPA
   officials presented recycled-content glass awards to the
   winners, formally welcomed new partners to the pro-
   gram, and recognized Transport Packaging Challenge
   WasteWise continued to sponsor Regional Forums and Partner Network Meetings
   across the country. Meeting locations included Baltimore, New York, Washington
   D.C., Chicago, and Atlanta.
                                 •  WasteWise attended conferences and trade
                                    shows across the country in 1999 and 2000
                                    promoting the WasteWise program to busi-
                                    nesses, governments, and institutions.
                                 •  WasteWise welcomed the U.S. Postal Service-
                                    Sacramento District as the 1,000th program
                                    partner. To commemorate this achievement,
                                    WasteWise and the USPS issued a series of press
                                    releases, recognized the USPS-Sacramento
                                    District at the WasteWise 2000 Awards and
                                    Recognition Ceremony, and highlighted the
                                    milestone in WasteWise publications.
                                                           uses more than 60 million 2-liter
                                                           plastic soda bottles in the manu-
                                                           facturing of grille reinforcements,
                                                           window frames, engine covers,
                                                           and trunk carpets. In 1999, this
                                                           effort accounted for 3,750 tons
                                                           of plastic.
$600,000 on recycled-
content products,
including 3,000 pounds
of low density poly-
ethelyne (LDPE) picnic
tables with an average
30 percent postcon-
sumer content.

           n 2000, WasteWise named 14 Partners of

           the Tear in 11 award categories. Waste Wise

           2000 Partners of the Tear are those part-

ners that were judged to have accomplished and reported

the most impressive waste reduction results for 1999. In

addition, WasteWise recognized 23 Program Champions

that made noteworthy accomplishments in waste preven-

tion, recycling collection, and buying or manufacturing

recycled-content products in 1999.

(20,000+ employees)
   Eastman Kodak Company, headquartered in Rochester, New York, con-
served 2,300 tons of cameras by increasing returns of its FUNSAVER cam-
eras, allowing more parts to be reused for manufacturing of new cameras.
Kodak also reused 31,500 tons of asphalt from construction and demolition
projects as a conventional aggregate in road and building construction, sav-
ing $2 million.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Manufactured Recycled Products
  Total Cost Savings
                                                        39,835 tons
                                                        67,500 tons
                                                        24,000 tons
                                                        15,800 tons
   McDonald's, headquartered in Oakbrook, Illinois, continually works to
reduce the weight, volume, and environmental impact of its packaging mate-
rials and explores new packaging alternatives. Switching to lighter weight
packaging for two of the company's sandwiches conserved 3,200 tons of
boxboard containers and saved $3.6 million. The company also led the way
in promoting the "buy recycled" message by spending $300 million on more
than 300,000 tons of recycled-content materials in 1999.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
   Waste Prevented
   Recycling Collection
   Recycled-Content Purchases
   Total Cost Savings
                                                         6,850 tons
                                                     1,684,850 tons
                                                      300,000 tons

  Motorola, a major electronics equipment manufacturer with facilities located in Illinois, Texas,
Georgia, New York, Iowa, Florida, and Arizona, conserved more than 500 tons of waste through
activities such as: switching to reusable plastic packaging, working with suppliers to take back plastic
packaging materials for reuse, and reducing the disposable corrugated packaging used to ship products
to customers. The  company also conserved 72 tons of mixed plastics by collecting clean room booties,
gloves, product packaging, and wafer boxes for reprocessing and reuse.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
   1,637 tons
  16,529 tons
     899 tons
(1,000 to 19,999 employees)
  Bass Pro Shops, headquartered in Springfield, Missouri, implemented
numerous innovative waste prevention activities at all its retail facilities.
The company uses architectural salvage from building demolition prod-
ucts and trees reclaimed after forest fires in store offices and fixture con-
struction. It also salvaged nearly 170 tons of transport packaging materials
through a shipping and receiving waste prevention program, saving more than $28,000 in 1999. This
program involved the reuse and sale of used wooden pallets. Its cardboard recycling program saves Bass
Pro more than $94,000 and generates more than $14,000 in donations for a local nonprofit.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
     182 tons
   1,370 tons
   1,140 tons

  Virco Mfg. Corporation located in Conway, Arkansas, implemented for-
ward-looking and innovative waste prevention, recycling, and buying-recy-
cled efforts. In 1999, the company initiated a program to eventually elimi-
nate the use of wooden pallets as part of the Transport Packaging
Challenge. The company repaired more than 9.5 tons of pallets for reuse
and mulched discarded boards. Virco also conserved 1,250 tons of plastic pellets and saved $300,000 by
selling scrap hard plastic for use as sandblasting material. The company reused 9,000 tons of wood dust
as a soil amendment on its new building site, saving $120,000.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
                                                        10,760 tons
                                                        15,947 tons
                                                         1,025 tons
(500 to 999 employees)
2> erk fi
                            ccil Center
  In 1999, Bert Fish Medical Center in New Smyrna Beach, Florida,
established a comprehensive waste prevention plan targeting used linens
and gowns no longer suitable for patients. The medical center saved nearly $10,000 by switching from dis-
posable to reusable hospital gowns. It also donated 1,300 pounds of used linens to a local charity and ani-
mal shelter for use as animal bedding and 4,420 pounds of food to a local food bank.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
                                                             4 tons
                                                           125 tons
                                                         1,100 Ibs

(1 to 499 employees)
  The Seydel Companies in Pendergrass, Georgia, manufacture chemicals used in
textile processing, including fabric preparation, dying, printing, and finishing, and
garment laundering and finishing. The organization and its 109 employees con-
served 500 pounds of paper by taking its business name off bulk mailings lists to
reduce the amount of unwanted mail, donated 1,400 pounds of computer equip-
ment to local schools, and cleaned and reused more than 3 tons of glass sample
jars, saving more than $3,000. The Seydel Companies also returned more than 85 tons of plastic drums and
totes to vendors in 1999, saving nearly $70,000.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Manufactured Recycled Products
  Total Cost Savings
     396 tons
     316 tons
     646 Ibs
     125 tons
'U.S.  "P vs-tal Service—
  The U.S. Postal Service Northeast Area's 76,854 employees and 3,200 post offices throughout New
England and upstate New York continued to demonstrate their strong commitment to waste reduction in
1999. They reduced solid waste generation at 25 vehicle maintenance and 29 processing and distribution
facilities by 50 percent compared with fiscal year 1992 generation rates. The Postal Service established a
"Country Store" that reused 120 tons of various equipment and supplies from the 382 post offices in the
Springfield District. It also repaired and refurbished 21 tons of steel mailboxes, saving $85,000.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
   2,972 tons
  54,534 tons
   4,847 tons

'W&fttWist Sfetk- tar '3'ni/rtss
                                       of Correction
  The Tennessee Department of Correction, located in Nashville, Tennessee,
employs 5,776 people and oversees thousands of inmates throughout 21 cen-
ters, prisons, and other buildings. Many of the inmates participated in the
department's waste prevention activities and helped conserve 65 tons of com-
puters by refurbishing and repairing 2,332 PC units from three computer
repair and reuse centers across the correction system. The computers were
placed into public schools. The department also conserved more than 13 tons of textiles by repairing
inmate clothing—8,422 pairs of blue jeans, 7,882 shirts, 1,077 jackets, and 38 sweatshirts. This activity
saved more than $90,573 in new clothing purchases. Activities also included composting 1,600 tons of
organic materials on site and using the compost on the department's building grounds, saving $460,433.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
   1,691 tons
     966 tons
     208 tons
  The Blue Lake Rancheria located in Blue Lake, California, made impressive inroads
to developing a solid waste reduction program in its first year of WasteWise program
participation. The tribal office, which had no solid waste reduction program before
joining WasteWise, conserved 33 pounds of copier paper by double-siding all docu-
ments, and 49 pounds of printer paper by reusing single-sided copies for draft printouts and in the fax
machine. The tribal office also implemented a new voice mail system that decreased handwritten phone
messages, and an intraoffice mail network that allows employees to send memos and other documents to
coworkers without printing them. These activities conserved 7 pounds of memo pads and internal memos.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
   2,638 Ibs
     314 Ibs


           e County
  The Washoe County Government in Reno, Nevada, believes that govern-
ment must lead by example and its doing just that by making itself an environ-
mental role model for the community. The county implemented a carpet
squares program that eliminates the use of broadloom carpeting throughout
Washoe County facilities and in all new construction. Only worn and damaged
carpet squares are replaced, and they are refurbished up to three times. This
activity diverted 12 tons of carpeting and saved $128,000 in 1999. The county also returned nearly 12
tons of worn tires to be retread for nonsteering wheels of trucks, saving approximately $200,000.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
                                                         30 tons
                                                         81 tons
                                                        112 tons
                                                                       FOUNDED 1891 ••
  Seattle University has made a firm commitment to waste
reduction. Through its innovative surplus store, for example,
the university sold 71 tons of surplus furniture such as tables,
blackboards, computer equipment, and desks to community members, saving nearly $24,000 in 1999
disposal costs alone. All sales revenue supports the university's recycling program. The university also
collected more than 1 ton of clothes from students in a campus clothing drive to benefit a local charity
for homeless youth.
1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented
  Recycling Collection
  Recycled-Content Purchases
  Total Cost Savings
                                                         72 tons
                                                        552 tons
                                                        150 Ibs

           Central School
  Alden Central School, which educates children from kindergarten through 12th
grade, implemented a comprehensive waste reduction program at all campus build-
ings: high school, middle school, intermediate school, and primary education build-
ings, and the grounds department. The Alden, New York, school and its 250 staff
members eliminated 450 pounds of polystyrene cafeteria trays and dishes by switching to reusable prod-
ucts. It also composted 900 pounds of cafeteria waste and 150 pounds of yard trimmings for use as mulch
on building grounds.

1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented                                       2,650 Ibs
  Recycling Collection                                   3,400 Ibs
  Recycled-Content Purchases                             2,500 Ibs

  SST Trucking, LLC, located in Garland, Texas, achieved substantial
cost savings by utilizing reusable shipping racks, working with suppli-
ers to reduce packaging, and establishing a transport packaging return
program. The company saved more than $55,000 and reduced packag-
ing waste by nearly 180 tons through initiatives adopted as part of the
Transport Packaging Challenge program.

1999 WasteWise Accomplishments
  Waste Prevented                                         180 tons
  Recycling Collection                                     672 tons
  Recycled-Content Purchases                                  6 tons
  Total Cost Savings                                   $55,630

                            Very Large Corporation
                               Companies, Inc.
                            Bell Atlantic
                            Lucent Technologies
                            Walt Disney World Company
                            Large Corporation
                            Allergan, Inc.
                            Battelle Memorial Institute
                            Canon USA, Inc.
                            Constellation Energy Group
                            Herman Miller, Inc.
                            Millipore Corporation
                            Pitney Bowes, Inc.
                            Midsize Business
                            Cytec Industries Inc.—
                               Fortier Complex
                            Small Business
                            Accent Construction, LLC
                            Calgene, LLC
Allchem Services, Inc.
Guardian Industries,
  Ligonier Plant
Eastern Illinois University
Federal Government
Sandia National Laboratories
United States Postal Service-
  Alabama District
State Government
The State of Ohio
Local Government
Polk County, Iowa
King County Department of
  Natural Resources,
Tribal Government
Grand Traverse Band
  of Ottawa and
  Chippewa Indians

•   WasteWise Helpline: 800 EPA-WISE (372-9473)
•   WasteWise E-mail: ww@cais.net
•   WasteWise Web Site: www.epa.gov/wastewise